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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Effects of the Mass Media of Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report comprises an extensive review, integration, and critical analysis of the bulk of the non-experimental, research literature relating to the effects of the mass media of communication. Topics include: the nature of general effects of the media; f...

W. Weiss

1966-01-01

2

Assessing the effectiveness of Communication Media in  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a strategy paper for developing effective communication strategies in health in the state of Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan is one among the poor performing states in Health and Family Welfare. The author first presents the current stains of communication strategies, which have been developed by the called Information Education and Communication (IEC) Bureau. Further, few indicators and methods are

K. Srinivasan

3

Effects of the Mass Media of Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mass media are considered to be television, radio, movies, and newspapers. They may generate changes in cognition and comprehension. They do effect emotional arousal, sex and behavior identification, and changes in allocation of time, consumer purchase, and voting behavior. The only data which show a clear relationship between the mass media

Weiss, Walter

4

Culture and Communication: Cultural Variations and Media Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in communication technologies have made great progress in bridging time and distance, but social and cultural differences are still formidable obstacles to effective communication. Communication processes occur in specific cultural contexts, with unique normative beliefs, assumptions, and shared symbols. Culture influences what people communicate, to whom they communicate, and how they communicate. There has been little systematic cross-cultural research

Karen Moustafa Leonard; James R. Van Scotter; Fatma Pakdil

2009-01-01

5

Assessing the effectiveness of Communication Media in Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a strategy paper for developing effective communication strategies in health in the state of Rajasthan, India. Rajasthan is one among the poor performing states in Health and Family Welfare. The author first presents the current stains of communication strategies, which have been developed by the called Information Education and Communication (IEC) Bureau. Further, few indicators and methods are

Srinivasan K

2006-01-01

6

The Effects of Communication Media & Conflict on Team Identification in Diverse Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the effects of communication media and conflict on team identification in diverse teams. Communicating either face-to-face (FTF) or via computer-mediated communication (CMC), participants performed a simulated foundation activity in 4-person teams that were diverse in terms of both social category and informational diversity. Results indicate that CMC teams had lower team identification than FTF teams. However, communication

Anita D. Bhappu; Janna M. Crews

2005-01-01

7

Media Effects and Communication Bias in Diverse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends research on factors influencing effective communication in diverse groups. The effects of social group membership on attention and influence were examined using 17 groups of three men and three women. Each group discussed a controversial topic face-to-face or using either an anonymous or an identified group support system environment. Social group membership biased both attention and influence;

Anita D. Bhappu; Terri L. Griffith; Gregory B. Northcraft

1997-01-01

8

Communication Addiction Disorder: Concern over Media, Behavior and Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent attention to Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) raises concerns about conceptualization and etiology of such a syndrome. An alternative syndrome, Communication Addiction Disorder, is proposed. Research describing symptomatology and deleterious effects of too much talking are reviewed which parallel IAD characteristics in several respects. These disorders are then critiqued, as a means to identify problems in the reification of new

Joseph B. Walther

9

Communications and Media Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's internal and external communication methods are reviewed. NASA information services for the media, for the public, and for employees are discussed. Consideration is given to electron information distribution, the NASA TV-audio system, the NASA broa...

J. W. Mcculla J. F. Kukowski

1990-01-01

10

Surveying the Effect of Media Effects: A Meta-Analytic Summary of Media Effects Research in "Human Communication Research."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the media-effects research published in this journal during the last 25 years via meta-analysis. Finds that, as children age, they better understand media messages; mass media are a significant source of learning; and media can influence attitudes. Discusses political, social, and educational implications, as well as implications for…

Emmers-Sommer, Tara M.; Allen, Mike

1999-01-01

11

The Effect of Organizational Communication Media on Organizational Culture and Performance: An Agent-Based Simulation Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the mutual relationship between the communication richness of media used for conducting organizational communication and organizational culture. The richness of the media influences how well the organization might maintain its culture. On the other hand, a strong organizational culture allows a more effective use of the media by providing members with some of the necessary common ground

Enrique Canessa; Rick L. Riolo

2003-01-01

12

Effects of Media Messages on Parent–Child Sexual Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent–child communication about sex is an important reproductive health outcome. Consistent, positive perceptions of communication by parents and children can promote behavioral outcomes such as delaying sexual debut and increasing contraceptive use. The authors investigated whether exposure to messages from the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC), a social marketing campaign to promote increased parent–child sexual communication, led to increased

W. Douglas Evans; Kevin C. Davis; Olivia Silber Ashley; Munziba Khan

2012-01-01

13

Evaluating the effectiveness of communication media on remote collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different institutions worldwide, such as economic, social and political, are relying increasingly on the communication technology to perform a variety of functions: holding remote business meetings, discussing design issues in product development, enabling consumers to remain connected with their families and children, and so on. In this environment, where geographic and temporal boundaries are shrinking rapidly, electronic communication medium are

Rahul Malik; Melissa Dobosh; Marshall S. Poole; Kenton McHenry; Peter Bajcsy

2010-01-01

14

A systems-based media effectiveness framework for e-marketing communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-mediated communications have evolved to enable information interchange in highly active situations. This evolution has been reflected onto digital media towards human-based computer-mediated communication activities such as e-marketing (electronic marketing) communications. We will phrase media used in such active computer-mediated communication setups as ldquoactive mediardquo. The term active media embraces interactive, coactive, and proactive digital media. This evolution also requires

Jamil Alio; Mohammad Ibrahim; David Pickton; Marie Bassford

2009-01-01

15

Communication & Media Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Communication & Media Studies Division is one of the growing academic divisions at Cornerstone. We are passionate about instructing, equipping, and mentoring students who we can empower to engage the marketplace of ideas in creative and strategic ways as they take their graduation portfolios into their first jobs as skilled agents of reconciliation in their spheres of influence. Our

David R. Anderson

16

Effective Communication: The City, the Citizens, the Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an in depth descriptive analysis of the communications process between the city and citizens in Durham, North Carolina. The report consists of four phases. Phase one is an analysis of the Durham city officials--what and how they attempt to ...

L. W. Lipscomb T. R. Baines

1976-01-01

17

Effects of communication media on the interpretation of critical feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an experimental study of how interpersonal critical feedback is interpreted and used in electronically mediated communication environments. In a pair of experiments, Writers receive feedback about a document from Critics over instant messaging (IM) or videoconferencing. The results suggest that when Writers cannot see and hear the Critic, they interpret feedback to be more negative and less

Matthew J. Bietz

2008-01-01

18

Media Message Flows and Interpersonal CommunicationThe Conditional Nature of Effects on Public Opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differential effects of exposure and attention to news and of interpersonal communication on change in public opinion under the condition of one-sided or two-sided information flows. Based on Zaller’s theory of public opinion dynamics, for less politically sophisticated individuals, we expected media to influence changes in opinion under the condition of a one-sided message flow. We

Claes H. de Vreese; Hajo G. Boomgaarden

2006-01-01

19

Media Selection in the Air Force Environment: How Communications Requirements Influence Effectiveness as an Outcome of Media Choice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past two decades, great interest has been given to the research of media choice within organizations. However, there is still confusion over which factors influence media choice. This study examined the effectiveness of five media under different...

D. L. Hillman

1998-01-01

20

Interpersonal communication as an indirect pathway for the effect of antismoking media content on smoking cessation.  

PubMed

In the context of health campaigns, interpersonal communication can serve at least 2 functions: (a) to stimulate change through social interaction and (b) in a secondary diffusion process, to further disseminate message content. In a 3-wave prospective study of 1,079 smokers, the authors demonstrate that mass media messages (antismoking campaigns and news coverage relevant to smoking cessation) have an indirect effect on smoking cessation intention and behavior via interpersonal communication. Exposure to campaigns and news coverage prompts discussion about the campaigns, and, in turn, about smoking cessation. Interpersonal communication regarding smoking cessation then influences intention to quit smoking and attempts to quit smoking. The study finds evidence not only for the social interaction function of interpersonal communication, but also for the secondary diffusion function. A substantial number of smokers who are not directly exposed to the antismoking campaigns are nevertheless indirectly exposed via communication with people who have seen these campaigns. These results imply that encouragement of interpersonal communication can be an important campaign objective. PMID:21337250

van den Putte, Bas; Yzer, Marco; Southwell, Brian G; de Bruijn, Gert-Jan; Willemsen, Marc C

2011-05-01

21

Media Theory and Sustainability Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Since communication about sustainable development takes place in a mediatised knowledge society it seems appropriate to investigate\\u000a the importance of the media to achieve this goal. The question then arises as to what contribution the media as communication\\u000a media can make to the diffusion of awareness about sustainability and to what extent they can influence and promote social\\u000a discourse. Especially

Claudia de Witt

22

A Multi-User Model for Effectively Communicating Research Through Electronic Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic media have demonstrated potential for data exchange, dissemination of results to other scientists, communication with community interest groups, and education of the general public regarding scientific advances. Few researchers, however, receive training in the skills required to capture the attention of the broad spectrum of Internet users. Because different people assimilate information in different ways, effective communication is best accomplished using an appropriate mix of photographs, graphics, tables, and text. In addition, effective web page design requires a clear, consistent organizational structure, easily-navigated layout, and attention to details such as page printability, downloading time, and minimal page scrolling. One of the strengths of electronic media is that the user can chose an appropriate level of involvement for his or her interest. In designing a web page for the multidisciplinary NSF/EPSCoR "Biocomplexity in Extreme Environments" project, we divided potential users into three categories based on our perception of the level of detail they required: 1) project participants, 2) non-participants with technical backgrounds, and 3) the general public. By understanding the needs and expectations of potential viewers, it was possible to present each group with an appropriate balance of visual and textural elements. For example, project participants are often most interested in raw data, which can be effectively presented in tabular format. Non-participants with technical backgrounds are more interested in analyzed data, while a project overview, presented through photographs and graphics with minimal text, will be most effective for communicating with the general public. The completed web page illustrates one solution for effectively communicating with a diverse audience, and provides examples for meeting many of the challenges of web page design.

Hinds, J. J.; Fairley, J. P.

2003-12-01

23

AN INVESTIGATION INTO COMMUNICATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF PRINT MEDIA ADVERTISEMENTS ON CONSUMERS WITH RESPECT TO SELECTED MODELS OF CARS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advertising is a form of communication intended to persuade people to purchase or take any action with respect to the products or the services. For print media it is very important to see how well it is doing in communicating itself to the customers. Ad effectiveness helps the advertiser to understand it gives way to make appropriate steps thereby enhancing

Priyanka Verma; Rooble Verma

2011-01-01

24

Health Communicator's Social Media Toolkit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This toolkit was developed by the Electronic Media Branch, Division of News and Electronic Media, Office of the Associate Director of Communication at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It was designed to provide guidance and to the sha...

A. Aikin D. Brodalski H. Brink J. Schindelar

2010-01-01

25

Interpersonal Communication as an Indirect Pathway for the Effect of Antismoking Media Content on Smoking Cessation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of health campaigns, interpersonal communication can serve at least 2 functions: (a) to stimulate change through social interaction and (b) in a secondary diffusion process, to further disseminate message content. In a 3-wave prospective study of 1,079 smokers, the authors demonstrate that mass media messages (antismoking campaigns and news coverage relevant to smoking cessation) have an indirect

Bas van den Putte; Marco Yzer; Brian G. Southwell; Gert-Jan de Bruijn; Marc C. Willemsen

2011-01-01

26

Optical wireless communication through random media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing need for high data-rate communication both through the atmosphere and the ocean (sub-sea) has stimulated considerable interest in optical wireless communication (OWC) technologies. The main advantages of OWC as compared with RF communication in the atmosphere and with acoustic communication in sub-sea applications are a) high achievable data-rate, b) small size of equipment and c) low power-consumption. On the other hand the characteristics of the communication channel in both scenarios are stochastic with high values of variance, which severely degrades OWC communication system performance. In this paper we present a tutorial discussing the effects of random media on OWC and expand on two examples: Monte-Carlo simulation for sub-sea communication and mathematical synthesis using Meijer G-function for OWC through atmospheric turbulence. These two examples demonstrate that it is possible to gain significant insights on the effects of the random channel on system performance. The results of the different analysis methods could also indicate solutions for the improvement of performance using adaptive solutions or for extending the communication range by applying a multi-hop concept. We summarize the paper with a brief review of two emerging research fields that could, surprisingly, benefit from the characteristics of light propagation through random media and its effect on the communication system performance. The first research field is trans-cutaneous OWC and the second is an unguided optical communication bus for next-generation computers.

Arnon, Shlomi

2011-02-01

27

Affective responses to work process and outcomes in virtual teams : Effects of communication media and time pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyze the direct and combined effects of the communication media and time pressure in group work on the affective responses of team members while performing intellective tasks Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A laboratory experiment was carried out with 124 subjects working in 31 groups. The task performed by the groups was an intellective one. A 2 × 3 factorial

Amparo Caballer; Francisco Gracia; José-María Peiró

2005-01-01

28

Effects of Mobile Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before reviewing some of the key consequences of mobile communication technology, a brief discussion of how they fit within the media effects paradigm is in order. At the risk of oversimplification, we understand the media effects paradigm as a framework for understanding how mass media content influences attitudes and behavior of audience members. To be fair, it is important to

Scott W. Campbell

29

Caught Telling the Truth: Effects of Honesty and Communication Media in Distributive Negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present research, the authors varied the presence versus absence of an honest disclosure in two-party negotiations. Confederates who posed as participants and followed a script carried out the disclosure manipulation. In Experiment 1, communication mode (face-to-face vs. telephone vs. electronic mail) was crossed with disclosure, and an interaction was observed. Specifically, the remote media (phone and e-mail) were

Paul W. Paese; Ann Marie Schreiber; Adam W. Taylor

2003-01-01

30

Implementing social media in technical communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media changes traditional technical communication by turning a passive, reading audience into active, contributing participants. Using social media channels, the technical communicators get closer to the users, breaching the gap between the creators and consumers of the support content. Currently, social media channels are an underutilised asset for the technical communicators and for the companies that employ them, because

Laura Katajisto

2010-01-01

31

A "Mix of Attributes" Approach to the Study of Media Effects and New Communication Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the media effects approach broadly, to point out limitations the traditional approach imposes on the field, and discusses a "mix of attributes" approach with a focus on the study of "new" technologies for the dissemination of news. Argues that the mix of attributes approach would better serve to advance both theory and empirical…

Eveland, William P., Jr.

2003-01-01

32

Online Collaborative Learning and Communication Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to examine the dynamics of online collaborative learning and communication media regarding team projects. Media richness and social presence theories are well-accepted rational theories that explain media choices and media behaviors, and serve as the theoretical framework. Quantitative and qualitative data collection…

Havard, Byron; Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong

2008-01-01

33

Online Collaborative Learning and Communication Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the dynamics of online collaborative learning and communication media regarding team projects. Media richness and social presence theories are well-accepted rational theories that explain media choices and media behaviors, and serve as the theoretical framework. Quantitative and qualitative data collection…

Havard, Byron; Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong

2008-01-01

34

Interferon Scientific Memoranda: A Report on the Feasibility of Increasing the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Scientific Research Through the Use of New Communications Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The desirability of increasing the speed of informal communications of information among investigators in well-defined areas of scientific discipline has been well established. The purpose of this study was to develop more advanced media for this type of communication and to determine the overall effect on cost and efficiency on a selected area…

Aries Corp., McLean, VA.

35

Mass Media and Communication. Second, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This revised and enlarged second edition contains sections focusing on a number of mass media: newspapers, the American magazine, motion pictures, broadcasting media, and book publishing. Other section topics include the structure and development of mass communication, public opinion, international communication, the motivation of assent, the…

Steinberg, Charles S., Ed.

36

Mass Media and Communication. Second, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised and enlarged second edition contains sections focusing on a number of mass media: newspapers, the American magazine, motion pictures, broadcasting media, and book publishing. Other section topics include the structure and development of mass communication, public opinion, international communication, the motivation of assent, the…

Steinberg, Charles S., Ed.

37

Memory Processes in Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the role of memory in mediating mass communication effects. Examines (1) the nature of memory, (2) issues in retention and recall of media messages, (3) methods of promoting retention and recall of media messages, and (4) implications of memory processes for mass media effects. (PD)|

Kellermann, Kathy

1985-01-01

38

Effect of communication media on developmental relationships: Self-reported and observed behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of four communication modes (computer-based video teleconferencing, computer-based electronic chat, telephone, and face-to-face) on developmental interactions between dyads; specifically on the transmission of psychosocial versus instrumental information. The dyads con- sisted of undergraduates at a southeastern university. One member of the dyad was an incoming first year student; the second member was an upper division

Rosemarie Reynolds; Michael T. Brannick

2009-01-01

39

Factors influencing public risk-benefit considerations of nanotechnology: Assessing the effects of mass media, interpersonal communication, and elaborative processing.  

PubMed

This study examines the influence of mass media, interpersonal communication, and elaborative processing on public perception of benefits and risks of nanotechnology, based on a large-scale nationally representative telephone survey of U.S. adult citizens. Results indicate that cognitive processes in the form of news elaboration had a significant positive main effect on benefits outweigh risks perception. The influences of attention to science in newspapers, attention to science news on television, and interpersonal communication about science on public perception of benefits outweigh risks were moderated by elaborative processing, after controlling for socio-demographic variables, religious beliefs, trust in scientists, and scientific knowledge. The findings highlight the importance of elaborative processing when it comes to understanding how the mass media differentially influence public benefits outweigh risks perception of emerging technologies. Specifically, high elaborative processing emphasizes higher levels of perceived benefits outweigh risks than low elaborative processing. This study explores explanations for this phenomenon and offers implications for future research and policy. PMID:23833174

Ho, Shirley S; Scheufele, Dietram A; Corley, Elizabeth A

2011-09-21

40

Cost-Effectiveness of Mass Media Communication as Related to Highway Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the study are: (1) determination of the state of highway safety communications, especially with regard to level of research activities and findings; (2) identification of the dimensions of the problem of communicating safety messages; (3...

G. A. Fleischer

1970-01-01

41

Dealing with the news media: effective communication strategies for medical examiners.  

PubMed

Medical examiners have responsibilities that often result in news media coverage that can bring unwanted attention. Dealing with the news media is always a learning process, but various resources exist to help in maintaining credibility. Local offices should consider establishing proactive community relations and media relations programs. Appropriate steps should be taken to manage media relations, including the appointment of an official spokesperson and regular use of the prepared statement. This article also explores the benefits of being prepared for media interviews, offers advice for responding to the media following a mass disaster, and examines options for dealing with a media investigation. Medical examiners, coroners, investigators, and other forensic experts have responsibilities that frequently bring them in contact with the news media. Today, a crime scene investigation is not complete without media attention. We now live in an era of "CNN journalism," in which local investigations may be propelled into the national spotlight. Unfortunately, the result can be unwanted attention. What resources can medical examiners rely on to better manage the news media? What can you do to maintain credibility? There are a number of options available, all of which can easily put into practice. PMID:9662118

Kelly, C C

1998-06-01

42

Creative Communications: Teaching Mass Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended to serve as a starting point for the beginning mass media instructor. It is divided into five parts: (1) "Background on Mass Media Influence" will give the teacher grounds for inclusion of mass media study in the classroom; (2) "Subject Matter" gives capsule information on the subject area for the teacher; (3) "Sample…

Wiseman. T. Jan; Wiseman, Molly J.

43

ANALYSIS OF THE ISSUES OF EFFECTIVE BROADBAND MEDIA SERVICES DEPLOYMENT IN THE COMPUTER COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fast Internet access barely scratches the surface of the powers of broadband, DSL, and IP technology, which, combined in broadband media services, will connect people and businesses around the world like never before. Broadband media services will put the consumer in total control by enabling personal, custom, on-demand viewing of entertainment, e-learning, video games, and other types of content. Individuals

S. S. Riaz Ahamed

2010-01-01

44

Media Communication Center Using Brain Computer Interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to make use of brain computer interface (BCI) in implementing an application called the media communication center for the paralyzed people. The application is based on the event-related potential called P300 to perform button selections on media and communication programs such as the mp3 player, video player, photo gallery and e-book. One of the key issues in

Eugene Teo; Alvin Huang; Yong Lian; Cuntai Guan; Yuanqing Li; Haihong Zhang

2006-01-01

45

The effects of bargaining orientation and communication medium on negotiations in the bilateral monopoly task: a comparison of decision room and computer conferencing communication media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pairs of subjects with either a competitive or an integrative bargaining orientation completed the Bilateral Monopoly Task in one of four communication media (text- only, text-plus-visual-access, audio-only, and audio-plus-visual-access). As hypothesized, an integrative bargaining orientation and\\/or an audio mode of communication led to a higher joint outcome. In addition, visual access resulted in higher joint outcomes for subjects with integrative

Jim Sheffield

1989-01-01

46

International Communication; Media, Channels, Functions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 41 essays explore several major issues in international communication. The essays are grouped according to their topic, beginning with the broader topics of communication systems and concepts and the flow of world news and proceeding to considerations of national concerns such as freedom and restriction of communication, national…

Fisher, Heinz-Dietrich, Ed.; Merrill, John Calhoun, Ed.

47

International Communication; Media, Channels, Functions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 41 essays explore several major issues in international communication. The essays are grouped according to their topic, beginning with the broader topics of communication systems and concepts and the flow of world news and proceeding to considerations of national concerns such as freedom and restriction of communication, national…

Fisher, Heinz-Dietrich, Ed.; Merrill, John Calhoun, Ed.

48

Political Communication —Old and New Media Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects upon the ways television changed the political landscape and considers how far new media, such as the Internet, are displacing television or reconfiguring the political communications ecology. The analysis explores opportunities and challenges facing media producers, politicians, and citizens. The authors conclude by suggesting that the television-politics relationship that emerged in the 1960s still prevails to some

Michael Gurevitch; Stephen Coleman; Jay G. Blumler

2009-01-01

49

Teens and alcohol: A consumer behavior analysis of interpersonal communication and mass media effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate a health and public policy issue in terms of consumer behavior and communication theories. The Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) provided the foundation for studying social marketing and liquor industry advertising with interpersonal communication between a teen and peers, a teen and parents and a teen and other adults with alcohol consumption

Tanuja R Sheth

2003-01-01

50

Communications and Media: Grade 7. Cluster II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A curriculum guide for grade 7, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Communications and Media." It is divided into six units: advertising, film and photography, radio and television, journalism and publishing, library and periodicals, and transocean communications. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

51

LOUISIANA MASS MEDIA PERCEPTIONS OF THE LSU AGCENTER COMMUNICATIONS EFFORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The LSU Agricultural Center communications group sends news stories and materials to all three major mass media for news - newspaper, radio and television - in Louisiana. These news releases are designed to educate and inform the general public about LSU Agricultural Center (LSU AgCenter) programs and research. LSU AgCenter Communications wanted to know the effectiveness of its news effort

Robert J. Soileau; Joe W. Kotrlik

52

Reconfiguration of Value Chains in Converging Media and Communications Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media and communications markets are undergoing a fundamental transformation. Information and communication firms such as Time Warner and AT&T are pushing into new sectors and altering their value chains in order to integrate and network multimedia service systems. This article seeks to highlight the changes taking place using an exploratory methodology, examining causes, effects and corporate reactions. A first

Bernd W. Wirtz

2001-01-01

53

Communication structure and collective actions in social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I present results a study of different types of social media communication and networking channels that allow for collective action (CA): Twitter, Jaiku \\/ Qaiku, Ning and Facebook. My preliminary findings indicate, that the visual outlining and the structure of communication create different kinds of collectivity and collective actions. A status stream is effective for simple and

Kari A. Hintikka

2010-01-01

54

Local Media Mapping in Media and Communications Studies: The Brisbane Media Map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attends to two key policy issues in the media and communications sector, and focuses on an innovative case study through which both are being addressed. The case study here is the Brisbane Media Map (http:\\/\\/bmm.qut.edu.au), a student- produced online directory of the Brisbane area's media and communications industry and services. The Brisbane Media Map (BMM), now in its

Christy Collis

55

Communication Concurrency and the New MediaA New Dimension for Media Richness  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experiment investigated the ideational performance of groups using verbal or computer-mediated communication while face-to-face or distributed from one another. Groups using computer mediation outperformed groups using verbal communication. The proximity manipulation had no significant effects on performance. It is proposed that the difference between the new media (e.g., computer-mediated) and more traditional media (e.g., verbal) relates to the medium's

JOSEPH S. VALACICH; DAVID PARANKA; JOEY F. GEORGE; J. F. NUNAMAKER

1993-01-01

56

Communicating the Greenhouse Effect to the Public: Evaluation of a Mass Media Campaign from a Social Dilemma Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluates a mass media public information campaign regarding the greenhouse effect, designed by the Dutch Ministry of the Environment. During more than two months, the mass media (national television, national newspapers, billboards) were employed intensively to make the public aware of the nature and causes of the greenhouse effect, its consequences and possible ways of dealing with

H. J. Staats; A. P. Wit; C. Y. H. Midden

1996-01-01

57

Quasi-Mass Media as Community Communication Channels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Quasi-mass media," refers to a type of communication and communication media that lies between mass media and interpersonal communication. This paper defines quasi-mass communication in terms of its messages, how it is generated, and audience membership, and discusses its uses in promoting political and community development, information flow,…

Reagan, Joey

58

Media effect in commercial sponsorship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various elements of brand identity contribute to brand image development; however, the role of marketing communications is particularly important in achieving brand image effects. In the case of advertising, two separate elements of communications, a message and a medium, combine to deliver particular brand image values. In the case of sponsorship both the message and media elements are not separate,

Tony Meenaghan; David Shipley

1999-01-01

59

The Media and Communications Studies Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a British-based gateway from University of Wales professor, Daniel Chandler, to Web resources useful in the academic study of media and communication. As the server is located in Wales, the initial loading of the homepage may require some patience for those users located in other areas, but once the icons are loaded navigation is straightforward. The site is organized into twenty areas, including film studies, media influence, textual analysis, and gender, & ethnicity. Several of the links are preformatted searches of the Alta Vista index, providing up-to-date information on media-related topics.

Chandler, Daniel.

1995-01-01

60

Context specific media choice and barriers to communication in universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the research conducted in recent years in the field of information and communication economics, there is relatively little understanding of the impact of new electronic media on communication behaviour. The paper presents a methodology and empirical results on communication behaviour in a university setting. A general framework for communication behaviour is developed where (tele)communication media choice plays an important

Manfred M. Fischer; Rico Maggi; Christian Rammer

1990-01-01

61

Crisis communication: managing the mass media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues for the need to develop a crisis communication programme, well in advance of any catastrophe. An organization must have a definite policy and procedures to be followed during a disaster. Shows the need for organizations to wake up to the immediacy of mass media coverage and learn how to handle public relations in a crisis situation.

David Zerman

1995-01-01

62

Education and The Mass Media of Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph deals with the utilization of modern communicational media as aids to instruction and learning in the English classroom and contains studies pointing the way toward expanding student experience through multimedia instruction. Chapters include "Magazines," which presents objectives for magazine study, discusses students' reading…

DeBoer, John J., Ed.; And Others

63

Lights! Camera! Literacy! The Youth Media and Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 15-week media and communication course was targeted at youth with literacy difficulties. The focus on communication arose because of the pervasiveness of mass media and their attraction for young people. (JOW)|

Harrison, Angela

1996-01-01

64

Teaching mass communication: Instruction regarding the social influence of the media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprehensive mass communication education programs should include instruction regarding the social influence of the media. The role of mass communication in socialization and enculturation is reviewed, and the potential effects of the media on individual behavior are assessed. A lack of knowledge and understanding of mass communication among the American public is noted. Five areas of instruction regarding the social

Douglas N. Freeman

1978-01-01

65

Social Media and the Evolution of Corporate Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media has revolutionized corporate communications, rapidly changing the way that public relations campaigns or programs are distributed and measured. Rather than the traditional method of pure output, social media has forced corporate communications to shift to a dialogue in which the stakeholders, and not just the companies, have power over the message. Social media is a revolutionary communications tool

Laura Matthews

66

Communication Habits: Men, Women & the Media They Prefer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Communication,is an essential element of life and people communicate,through many,different media. This study investigates communication,patterns of men and women,and which media each gender prefers to use. Many different communication media are available, yet there seems to be only speculation of gender-related preferences. While studies have shown,personal electronic communication,is one of the biggest motivations for internet use, there is contradictionas

John R. Cap

2004-01-01

67

MOBILITY, MEDIA, AND EVERYDAY LIFE - AN INTERDISZIPLINARY FRAMEWORK FOR COMMUNICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication technologies have become a natural and important part of people's everyday life. Since mobile media have the potential to accompany its user everywhere, they can be part of almost every situation. For that reason communication research should focus on the impact mobile media usage has on existing (media) situations or formulated as a research question: How do mobile media

Christine Dietmar; Georg F. Kircher; Isabel Schlote

68

Who is my audience, what is my message, and know my reporters deadline: How to be more effective communicating with the media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the United States where most scientists receive their research support from federal funds, scientists need to expand their audience beyond their peers and consider the taxpayers, too. The media can play an important conduit for scientists and the lay public. However, many scientists do not do the best public relations jobs for their profession. We talk very well with each other and not very well with almost anyone else. We need to learn to avoid jargon, communicate our results more clearly, and examine the relationship between communication techniques and how to assess the outcomes. Scientists assess outcome based only on factual accuracy. Journalists assess their results based on accuracy and storycraft. In my experiences interacting with the media during various oil spills as well as training from the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, I will discuss how scientists can be more effective when communicating with the media. First, scientists need to understand who their audience is and what their educational background is. In addition, it is important to stay on message and have only one message per interaction with a member of the media. That is, do not confuse a reporter with the results from one study when he or she is really interested in another story or just looking for background information. Last, scientists must understand that the media must often publish their stories with deadlines having timescales of hours and not months or years, hence it is important to be brief and to promptly return phone calls and emails. Hopefully, such efforts between scientists and the media will lead to a more scientifically informed public.

Reddy, C. M.

2006-12-01

69

Children Using Audiovisual Media for Communication: A New Language?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gives an overview of the Schools Council Communication and Social Skills Project at Brighton Polytechnic in which children ages 9-17 have developed and used audiovisual media such as films, tape-slides, or television programs in the classroom. The effects of audiovisual language on education are briefly discussed. (JJD)|

Weiss, Michael

1982-01-01

70

The Role of Mass Media in Health Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the research that has been done on mass media effects in health communication: breakthroughs in treatment, rising costs of medical care, innovations in the organization of health care, governmental involvement, the rise in malpractice litigation, and so on. The conceptual framework employed proposes a continuum of audience…

Brenner, Donald J.; Quesada, Gustavo M.

71

The Role of Mass Media in Health Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the research that has been done on mass media effects in health communication: breakthroughs in treatment, rising costs of medical care, innovations in the organization of health care, governmental involvement, the rise in malpractice litigation, and so on. The conceptual framework employed proposes a continuum of audience…

Brenner, Donald J.; Quesada, Gustavo M.

72

Some Traditional and Modern Media for Generating Social Change in Rural Africa: A Study of Some Traditional and Modern Media for Communicating Family Planning in Ghana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducted in two phases, the study assessed and compared the effectiveness of various modern mass communication media and two traditional media for communicating the idea of family planning in Ghana. The comic or concert party play and the town or village discussion were used as the traditional modes of communication; the modern media used were…

Bame, K. N.

73

Media communication center using brain computer interface.  

PubMed

This paper attempts to make use of brain computer interface (BCI) in implementing an application called the media communication center for the paralyzed people. The application is based on the event-related potential called P300 to perform button selections on media and communication programs such as the mp3 player, video player, photo gallery and e-book. One of the key issues in such system is the usability. We study how various tasks affect the application operation, in particular, how typical mental activities cause false trigger during the operation of the application. We study the false acceptance rate under the conditions of closing eyes, reading a book, listening to music and watching a video. Data from 5 subjects is used to obtain the false rejection rate and false acceptance rate of the BCI system. Our study shows that different mental activities show different impacts on the false acceptance performances. PMID:17946993

Teo, Eugene; Huang, Alvin; Lian, Yong; Guan, Cuntai; Li, Yuanqing; Zhang, Haihong

2006-01-01

74

Social Media as Means for Company Communication and Service Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Service development in companies can have a new form when using social media as a communication interface. This communication\\u000a can occur between company and its customers, but also the company’s internal communication using social media services can\\u000a prove beneficial. In this paper, we review and analyze the use of social media as a means for company communication in general\\u000a and

Elina Annanperä; Jouni Markkula

2010-01-01

75

Paper Presented to Media, Communication and Humanity Conference Dept of Media & Communications, London School of Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Australian democracy,boasts the highest voter turno ut in the world. Yet Australian media policy pays little attention to the goal of informe d citizenship. This contradiction is examined,from the perspective of the comparative political communication,literatures. First we place the Australian ‘media system’ within a larger international context and show that it is an outrider within Hallin & Mancini ’s

Paul Jones; Michael Pusey

76

New Editorial Policy CRITICAL STUDIES in MEDIA COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical Studies in Media Communication (CSMC) publishes scholarship in media and mass communication written from a critical perspective. Research articles published in the journal make a substantial contribution to existing literature in media studies; provide novel, theoretical insights that have the potential to stimulate further research and sometimes lead to the formation of new ways of knowing and acting; and

Ronald L. Jackson; Kent A. Ono

77

Communicative Informatics: A Social Media Perspective for Online Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals are active audience members that use Internet-based social media technologies to create and negotiate social action in online spaces. Communicative informatics is the key to constructing, describing or critiquing social media. Communicative informatics is the discovery of the audience, text\\/image, technology, negotiated place relationships that create symbolic meaning. Four propositions focus on the communication of the audience: 1) the

Linda M. Gallant; Gloria M. Boone

2008-01-01

78

The relationship between adolescents’ news media use and civic engagement: The indirect effect of interpersonal communication with parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in Grades 8, 9, and 10, via an indirect effect of

Michelle J. Boyd; Jonathan F. Zaff; Erin Phelps; Richard M. Lerner

79

A Media Mosaic: Canadian Communications Through a Critical Eye.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 19 articles that comprise this book are concerned with the subject of communications and media in Canada. In Part One, "The Media: A Diagnosis," the articles are "The Power and Impotence of the Media" by Russell Elman, "The Myth of Objectivity" by Walt McDayter, "In the Shadow of Giants: Concentration and Monopolies in the Media" by Walt…

McDayter, Walt, Ed.

80

New Media and the Introductory Mass Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveys faculty teaching an introductory mass communication course regarding how new media are integrated into the course. Discusses how faculty talk about new media in their course, the use of new media in the course, integration of new media, and its perceived influence on student learning and pedagogy. (SR)|

Panici, Daniel A.

1998-01-01

81

New Media and the Introductory Mass Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys faculty teaching an introductory mass communication course regarding how new media are integrated into the course. Discusses how faculty talk about new media in their course, the use of new media in the course, integration of new media, and its perceived influence on student learning and pedagogy. (SR)

Panici, Daniel A.

1998-01-01

82

Interferon Scientific Memoranda: A Report on the Feasibility of Increasing the Effeciency and Effectiveness of Scientific Research Through the Use of New Communications Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The desirability of increasing the speed of informal communications of information among investigators in well-defined areas of scientific discipline has been established. The purpose of this study was to develop more advanced media for this type of commu...

1969-01-01

83

Integrated marketing communications: From media channels to digital connectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media is in the midst of a digital revolution that frees news, information and advertising from the technological limits of print and broadcast infrastructures. The digitization and networking of information transform marketing communications into a vastly different set of practices for connecting consumers and brands. This paper overviews the transformation in media and describes the implications for integrated marketing communications

Frank Mulhern

2009-01-01

84

How scientists use social media to communicate their research  

PubMed Central

Millions of people all over the world are constantly sharing an extremely wide range of fascinating, quirky, funny, irrelevant and important content all at once. Even scientists are no strangers to this trend. Social media has enabled them to communicate their research quickly and efficiently throughout each corner of the world. But which social media platforms are they using to communicate this research and how are they using them? One thing is clear: the range of social media platforms that scientists are using is relatively vast and dependent on discipline and sentiment. While the future of social media is unknown, a combination of educated speculation and persuasive fact points to the industry's continual growth and influence. Thus, is that not only are scientists utilizing social media to communicate their research, they must. The ability to communicate to the masses via social media is critical to the distribution of scientific information amongst professionals in the field and to the general population.

2011-01-01

85

Media Convergence and the Cross-Cultural Communication of Media Events: A Sharon Stone Case Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impulsed by both the communication globalization and new-tech application, media convergence has become an inevitable trend for the media development of countries around the world. Based on the analysis of enormous controversies provoked by Sharon Stone's \\

Jun Xiao; Helin Li

2009-01-01

86

Uniform Media Effects and Uniform Audience Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The idea that mass communication effects may decrease diversity among people or societies exposed to it arises constantly. However, discussions of mass media effects do not highlight differences between mass communications that "affect" people uniformly and messages that members of audiences "respond to" in similar ways. A number of modern…

Perry, David K.

87

PR practitioners’ use of social media tools and communication technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As social media moves from “buzz word” status to strategic tool, more practitioners are developing skills related to this online communication technology. This study surveyed working public relations practitioners about their adoption of 18 social media tools and their perception on the growth of social media trends in public relations practice. Results provide an overview of the adoption of social

Nina Eyrich; Monica L. Padman; Kaye D. Sweetser

2008-01-01

88

Media effect in commercial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keywords Brand identity, Brand image, Consumer behaviour, Goodwill, Marketing communications, Sponsorship Abstract Various elements of brand identity contribute to brand image development; however, the role of marketing communications is particularly important in achieving brand image effects. In the case of advertising, two separate elements of communications, a message and a medium, combine to deliver particular brand image values. In the

David Shipley

89

A behavioural model of the adoption and use of new telecommunications media: the effects of communication scenarios and media product\\/service attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen the dramatic growth of new modes of communication. Above and beyond using land line and mobile phone for voice real-time communication, people spend increasing amounts of time receiving and sending messages through social networks (e.g. Myspace or Facebook) and also through real-time communication software (e.g. Skype or MSN). As indicated by the significant decline on the

Tun-I Hu; Robert Fildes

2010-01-01

90

CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL MEDIA IN EMERGING COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media and now the possibilities of Digital Media have saturated our culture, invaded our values, and overwhelmed us with information. To cope with negative influences of media, scholars have suggested the need for a \\

William E. Riddell

91

Government Leaders' Media Communication and Public Image Building in Emergency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sparse literature exists on the topic that government leaders' media communication principle, and in guidance of which leaders build their public image in emergency. Especially how different communicating skills used can help to mode leader's public image containing different characters. So in this study the theories of public relations, image and communication were used to discuss the principles of leader's

Shao Yuan Zhang; Jun Jie Guan; Hai Rong Yin

2011-01-01

92

Highly survivable communications: Complementary media packet switched networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The requirement for highly survivable communications (HSC) for essential command functions in military operations does not need any justification. The ability to communicate under extreme jamming levels and adverse propagation conditions, including high altitude nuclear events, is a very important requirement. There are also many natural disaster related requirements that also need such highly survivable communications. The prevalent and in a sense classical, approach to provide highly assured connectivity can be summarized as follows: Take a particular propagation medium and try to obtain the ultimate performance from it. There are many examples of this philosophy some successful, most not. Our approach, on the other hand, is to use complementary multi-media or mixed-media where communication links utilizing essentially commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment are integrated using packet radio (PR) techniques. There is also, in our view, an even more fundamental, recently discovered consideration why the expectation of continuous incremental refinement of a system using a given single media may be be achievable. This is derived from the theory of 'deterministic uncertainty' or more popularly known as 'theory of CHAOS', systems whose state space behavior has fractal characteristics. We will elaborate on this novel argument. Complementary multi-media approach has been the focus for all HSC communications activities at STC since 1982. The original STC studies and prototypes were in response to requirements of broadcasting (i.e., one-way transmission) information. A high frequency (HF)/meteorburst (MB) system was developed/prototyped/tested demonstrating the cost effectiveness of the approach. These results are reviewed. More recently, in 1992 STC has completed the development/test of an Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) HF packet radio protocol as no such open or non-proprietary protocol exists. This protocol has been fully tested, documented and made available to all NATO nations/industries. These extensive results show that significant improvements in throughput of up to many times are obtained. A similar development for an OSI MB protocol has also been completed and combined with the HF protocol to obtain an OSI HF/MB link layer protocol with unique properties for HSC networks. Description of these protocols and the relevant results are presented. media diversity.

Yavuz, D.; Eken, F.; Karavassilis, N.

1994-07-01

93

Social media for sustainable engineering communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of current research on social media applications, including user demographics and how social media websites define themselves. The paper also describes user activities using social media and suggests known strengths and weaknesses of social media, and concludes by outlining several recommendations for developing strong online communities.

Brad Mehlenbacher; Sarah McKone; Christine Grant; Tuere Bowles; Steve Peretti; Pamela Martin

2010-01-01

94

Effects of communication medium on interpersonal perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a social psychological perspective to study the effectiveness of different media of communication and how they influence interactions in social groups and organizations. In particular, we are interested in the social richness of the media-how effectively they convey the personalities and intentions of their users. We studied CMC (email and chat) and voice telephony, and compared them

Joanie B. Connell; Gerald A. Mendelsohn; Richard W. Robins; John F. Canny

2001-01-01

95

Approaching Mass Media Education Through Communication Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This set of three papers is an account of the Finnish approach to mass media education and to the research orientation which instigated it. 'From Mass Media to Mass Consciousness; Current Thinking in Scandinavia' provides a research orientation, presents ...

Y. Littunen

1974-01-01

96

Who Communicates with Whom? Measuring Communication Choices on Social Media Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

People on social media web sites are connected in many different ways. Communication networks are one important element. When analyzing the communication choices in such social media environments, the existence and dynamics of these different networks should be taken into account. The paper proposes a Markov process framework which includes an exponential random graph model that allows to estimate in

Christoph Stadtfeld

2010-01-01

97

Bridging Service-Learning with Media Literacy: Creating Contexts for Communication Students to Educate Youth on Media Content, Consumption, and Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the last decade, service-learning has experienced impressive growth in higher education, particularly within communication departments. According to Jacoby (1996), service-learning is a "form of experiential education in which students engage in activities that address human and community needs together with structured opportunities…

Paradise, Angela M.

2011-01-01

98

Bridging Service-Learning with Media Literacy: Creating Contexts for Communication Students to Educate Youth on Media Content, Consumption, and Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the last decade, service-learning has experienced impressive growth in higher education, particularly within communication departments. According to Jacoby (1996), service-learning is a "form of experiential education in which students engage in activities that address human and community needs together with structured opportunities…

Paradise, Angela M.

2011-01-01

99

Media and Intra-Elite Communication in Poland: Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rand Corporation is conducting a multiyear comparative study of the role of the media in intra-elite communication in Communist countries. Western analysts of the political process in 'closed' Communist systems necessarily rely heavily on the publishe...

A. R. Johnson J. L. Curry

1980-01-01

100

Solar effects on communications  

SciTech Connect

When people involved in the power industry think of Solar Magnetic Disturbances (SMD), they normally consider the potential for disrupting power transmission which results form solar-induced disturbances to the earth's magnetic field known as geomagnetic storms. However, in addition to the disruption of power transmission, solar phenomena can interfere with utility communication systems. Utilities use many different types of communication media, some of which can be affected by various solar phenomena. These include wire-based facilities (metallic cables and power line carrier), radio systems (HF, VHF, UHF mobile radio, microwave networks, and satellite transmissions), and fiber optic systems. This paper reports that the solar flares and other solar phenomena can affect these media through different mechanisms: Radio communications can be disturbed by flare-induced changes in the ionispheric layer of the atmosphere; Cable communications can be disrupted by the flare-induced changes in the magnetosphere which surrounds the earth. These changes, in turn, induce currents in the power equipment that energizes long communications cables; Satellite communications can be disrupted by the flare-induced perturbations of satellite orbits and equipment.

Cleveland, F. (Energy and Control Consultants (US)); Malcolm, W. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)); Nordell, D.E. (Northern States Power Co. (US)); Zirker, J. (National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ (United States))

1991-09-01

101

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course from a Business Communication Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy…

Meredith, Michael J.

2012-01-01

102

The Relationship between Adolescents' News Media Use and Civic Engagement: The Indirect Effect of Interpersonal Communication with Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in Grades…

Boyd, Michelle J.; Zaff, Jonathan F.; Phelps, Erin; Weiner, Michelle B.; Lerner, Richard M.

2011-01-01

103

The Relationship between Adolescents' News Media Use and Civic Engagement: The Indirect Effect of Interpersonal Communication with Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in…

Boyd, Michelle J.; Zaff, Jonathan F.; Phelps, Erin; Weiner, Michelle B.; Lerner, Richard M.

2011-01-01

104

Gap between science and media revisited: Scientists as public communicators  

PubMed Central

The present article presents an up-to-date account of the current media relations of scientists, based on a comprehensive analysis of relevant surveys. The evidence suggests that most scientists consider visibility in the media important and responding to journalists a professional duty—an attitude that is reinforced by universities and other science organizations. Scientific communities continue to regulate media contacts with their members by certain norms that compete with the motivating and regulating influences of public information departments. Most scientists assume a two-arena model with a gap between the arenas of internal scientific and public communication. They want to meet the public in the public arena, not in the arena of internal scientific communication. Despite obvious changes in science and in the media system, the orientations of scientists toward the media, as well as the patterns of interaction with journalists, have their roots in the early 1980s. Although there is more influence on public communication from the science organizations and more emphasis on strategic considerations today, the available data do not indicate abrupt changes in communication practices or in the relevant beliefs and attitudes of scientists in the past 30 y. Changes in the science–media interface may be expected from the ongoing structural transformation of the public communication system. However, as yet, there is little evidence of an erosion of the dominant orientation toward the public and public communication within the younger generation of scientists.

Peters, Hans Peter

2013-01-01

105

AAAS Mass Media Science and Engineering Fellowship Program: Building Communication Skills in Young Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AAAS Mass Media Science &Engineering Fellowship program has succeeded in training scientists to become more effective communicators for more than 30 years. The program places advanced science, engineering and mathematics students at media sites to work as science reporters for ten weeks each summer. AAAS places between 15 to 20 students a year at newspapers, magazines and radio stations.

S. Pasco

2006-01-01

106

A unified link layer architecture for integrating heterogeneous media in survivable multimedia communication networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media characteristics important to digital communication systems are discussed, including: quantity (throughput, delay), quality (BER), and stability (variability and vulnerability to countermeasures); and the selective application of transmission equipment (receivers\\/transmitters, modems, coders, interleavers) as a function of media, to provide usable digital connectivity. An OSI and TCP\\/IP protocol compatible link layer architecture to effectively and efficiently utilize multimedia connectivity between

R. Mouldin; S. Adams

1990-01-01

107

Children Communicating: Media and Development of Thought, Speech, Understanding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigations of the growth of children's communicative behavior and ability, in terms of their interactions with media and their communication with other people, are described in this book. The first chapter presents an overview of the studies, explains the developmental perspective that characterizes them, and identifies some issues…

Wartella, Ellen, Ed.

108

THE NEW MEDIA AND OUR POLITICAL COMMUNICATION DISCONTENTS: DEMOCRATIZING CYBERSPACE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that the new interactive media have a 'vulnerable potential' to enhance public communications and enrich democracy, which can be realized only through appropriate policy support and imaginative institution building. After outlining the main shortcomings of the prevailing political communication system, certain elements of redemptive potential, inherent in distinctive features of the Internet, are identified. The policy implications

Jay G. Blumler; Michael Gurevitch

2001-01-01

109

Synchronous Communication Media in the Software Requirements Negotiation Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an empirical study in the requirements negotiation process. In particular, the study compares traditional face-to-face meeting and distributed communication by using two rich synchronous communication media (i.e., an enhanced chat, and a three-dimensional virtual environment). We have observed that there is a difference in the time taken to negotiate software requirements in favor of face-to-face meeting. As the only assessment of the time could not be meaningful, we have also analyzed the quality of the structured description of the negotiated software requirements. We observed that the quality of the structured descriptions is not influenced by the used communication media.

Erra, Ugo; Scanniello, Giuseppe

110

Media and Intra-Elite Communication in Poland: Organization and Control of the Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rand Corporation is conducting a multiyear comparative study of the role of the media in intra-elite communication in Communist countries. Western analysts of the political process in 'closed' Communist systems necessarily rely heavily on the publishe...

J. L. Curry

1980-01-01

111

Using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the value of using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents. We evaluated qualitative data obtained through focus groups with low-income, predominantly Hispanic parents. Results were mixed; lack of time and credibility were the primary objections parents cited in using social media to obtain information about their children's health. Social media has value as part of an overall communication strategy, but more work is needed to determine the most effective way to use this channel in low-income populations. PMID:22005641

Stroever, Stephanie J; Mackert, Michael S; McAlister, Alfred L; Hoelscher, Deanna M

2011-10-17

112

The Executive Briefing: A Management Tool for Improving Communication between School Library Media Specialists and Their Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the lack of communication between school principals and school library media specialists, the lack of information principals have regarding media specialists' roles and responsibilities, and the use of the executive briefing to open up effective channels of communication. Explains correlations between "Information Power" principles and…

Jones, Plummer Alston, Jr.

2003-01-01

113

Communications Policy, Media Development, and Convergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the deliberations of scholars, policy analysts, and policy makers, television has exceptional power and influence. Yet the historical record shows that television has not changed the economics of attention for large populations in the course of their daily lives. By the mid- 1920s, print media alone were highly successful in creating new consumer visions and aspirations, building national brands,

Douglas A. Galbi

2003-01-01

114

Effective Communication: Instructor Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Effective Communications is part of the Professional Development Series (PDS) of courses developed under the supervision of the Emergency Management Institute (EMI) with the assistance of State and local subject-matter experts. The series includes seven 1...

2002-01-01

115

The contribution of electronic communication media to the design process: communicative and cultural implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation in a company's design process is increasingly a matter of cooperation between the company and its customers. New information and communication technology (ICT) possibilities such as electronic communication (EC) media generate even more opportunities for companies to collaborate with customers during the early stages of research and development. This exploratory study examined the design process of five Dutch firms

ANTOON P. D. VAN LUXEMBURG; JAN M. ULIJN; N. Amare

2002-01-01

116

The importance of news media in pharmaceutical risk communication: proceedings of a workshop.  

PubMed

In response to mass media's role in the national and global system of pharmaceutical risk communication, the Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) convened a 'think tank' session on the 'Importance of Media in Pharmaceutical Risk Communication'. Prominent journalists and experts from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, medical practice and government were invited to consider the benefits and challenges of improving the way we communicate the benefits and risks of therapeutics via mass media, especially news media. Workshop discussions revealed a paucity of systematic research directed towards understanding how and why news media report on therapeutic risk, the impact of this coverage and how coverage can be improved. Consequently, participants produced a research agenda capturing the key aspects of the flow of information around this topic, including the meaning of risk, how news audiences process and use therapeutic risk information in the news, how and why news organizations report on therapeutic risk, and the role and impact of the pharmaceutical industry, government officials and academic researchers as sources of therapeutic risk information. The workshop ended with a discussion on action items addressing what news professionals, representatives of regulatory agencies and the medical products industry, and academic researchers can and should do to enable news media to effectively report therapeutic risk information. In sum, this proceedings report provides an outline for developing mass media risk communication research, influencing the practices of journalists and expert sources and ultimately, improving the quality of the public's life. PMID:15386695

Mebane, Felicia E

2005-05-01

117

Distributed media control tor multimedia communications services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous work in distributed feature composition architecture has shown that a modular, compositional architecture of feature logic can lead to successful management of feature interaction. It can also promote rapid deployment of new services and third party innovation in a communication network. ECLIPSE is an implementation of DFC that focuses on voice over IP (VoIP) and multimedia over IP. In

Eric Cheung; Pamela Zave

2002-01-01

118

Charismatic Communication Skill, Media Legitimacy, and Electoral Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in how much a political candidate's media and political skills, sometimes referred to as “charisma,” are critical to their electoral success and political survival. According to one hypothesis, the effects of media skills might be so strong that actors who do not possess media skills quickly vanish from the political arena. However, while many believe that

Tamir Sheafer

2008-01-01

119

Communication networks as predictors of organizational members' media choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study relates Burt's social contagion theory to organizational members' perceptions of two models of media choice. The data (N = 83) were drawn from telephone mediated interpersonal communication within the Cancer Information Service (CIS), a government health information services agency that specializes in disseminating technical information. The results indicated, as hypothesized, that social contagion by structural equivalence was related

J. David Johnson

2001-01-01

120

Creating Metaphors to Analyze Media and Apply Mass Communication Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses having students in an undergraduate mass communication theory class create metaphors of their own relationships with mass media. Highlights literature in the field related to critical thinking and teaching methods. Describes application of the assignment. Notes that this assignment provides the professor with a means to evaluate…

Bourland-Davis, Pamela G.

1998-01-01

121

Expectations, Use, and Evaluation of Communication Media among Deployed Peacekeepers  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of an experimental unit, over five hundred active- and reserve-component (AC, RC) soldiers deployed to the Sinai Desert in 1995 on a peacekeeping mission. While most junior enlisted personnel were reservists, leadership positions were shared between components. Before their departure, most soldiers had high expectations regarding their ability to use a variety of communication media to reach their

Walter R. Schumm; D. Bruce Bell; Morten G. Ender; Rose E. Rice

2004-01-01

122

Generic Conversion of Communication Media for Supporting Personal Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Personal Communication Support System is intro- duced as an application for multiple media conversion tools, embedded in a con- text of personal mobility, service personalization and service interoperability support. After discussing models for conversion in theory, the current conversion technology is evaluated. The necessity of an integrated framework of flexible converters and a generic converter model are derived

Tom Pfeifer; Radu Popescu-zeletin

1996-01-01

123

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Media Use and Communication Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A great deal of scholarly work has explored the motivations behind media consumption and other various communication traits. However, little research has investigated the sources of these motivations and virtually no research considers their potential genetic underpinnings. Drawing on the field of behavior genetics, we use a classical twin design…

Kirzinger, Ashley E.; Weber, Christopher; Johnson, Martin

2012-01-01

124

IP telephony shifts from unified communications to social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 2000 companies have been implementing IP telephony. Unified communications was the next step, flowed by Video-conferencing. In 2009 positioning and location based services were added to mobile devices. Today we are moving to social media systems. Workgroups need to share information and benefit from this new technology. In the upcoming years even more more video will be used. Telcos

Dick van Marle

2011-01-01

125

Communicative Turbulence in Urban Dynamics— Media, Education, and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conflicting forces within society provide the framework of market and political decision. This article examines the three most pervasive mechanisms causing communicative turbulence and thus affecting decision. These three forces, media, education, and planning, are dealt with as separate entities in view of their related but somewhat disparate character. Taken together they do, however, hold out the greatest hope in

George Fox Mott

1973-01-01

126

The Mass Media: Aspen Institute Guide to Communication Industry Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to provide a single reference source for the most significant statistics describing communication industry trends in the United States since 1900, this book is a collection and assessment of the currently available quantitative descriptive information on mass media industries. The core of the book is its more than 300 tables of data on…

Sterling, Christopher H.; Haight, Timothy R.

127

Representing Citizens and Consumers in Media and Communications Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do citizens need from the media, and how should this be regulated? Western democracies are witnessing a changing regulatory regime, from “command-andcontrol” government to discursive, multistakeholder governance. In the United Kingdom, the Office of Communications (Ofcom) is required to further the interests of citizens and consumers, which it does in part by aligning them as the citizen-consumer. What is

Sonia Livingstone; Peter Lunt

2007-01-01

128

Creating Metaphors to Analyze Media and Apply Mass Communication Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses having students in an undergraduate mass communication theory class create metaphors of their own relationships with mass media. Highlights literature in the field related to critical thinking and teaching methods. Describes application of the assignment. Notes that this assignment provides the professor with a means to evaluate…

Bourland-Davis, Pamela G.

1998-01-01

129

Mass media entertainment for AIDS communication in Zaire.  

PubMed

Health communicators use entertainment and mass media to prevent HIV transmission. Population Services International operates an AIDS Mass Media Project as an adjunct to its Condom Social Marketing Project. It collaborates with the Government of Zaire's National AIDS Program. Its 1st target is urban youth because most AIDS cases in Zaire were infected as teenagers, urban youth have access to television (TV), and they take part in high risk sexual behavior. The project uses various AIDS songs to reach this group. A 6-month posttest shows that the 1st song was so effective that 65% heard it and that 93% of them recalled the major AIDS messages and 85% said that they changed their behavior. The project distributes a video of the 1990 World AIDS Day concert. Research in Zaire and other African countries shows that the threat AIDS poses to children's health strongly motivates parents' behavior. Thus the 2nd target is the 20-30 year old group--young and prospective parents. The project boasts a 4-part TV series about a groom who does not reveal his AIDS status to his young bride until after their wedding night. 2 scenes stress the benefits of condoms. After its 1st airing, 66% of the 20-30 year old group in Kinshasa watched all 4 parts of the series. Of these, about 75% said they would change their behavior. Most people in Zaire change behavior by using condoms. Indeed, during the mass media campaign, condom sales grew 1000% which saved almost 7200 lives. The project also features comic strips informing working men and women and teenagers about AIDS and distributes an inexpensive notebook listening AIDS facts and myths for school children. The project uses regional radio stations to broadcast 28 AIDS feature programs, 22 radio spots, 8 AIDS radio dramas, and 2 songs to high priority rural areas. These AIDS radio efforts have indeed influenced AIDS knowledge and attitudes. PMID:12285440

Convisser, J

1992-01-01

130

Effective Communication Effective Communication about Risk ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Page 11. ? Communication in pharmacies Communication in pharmacies Page 12. Svarstad et al. ... Stringency: 1 if face-to-face counseling must be ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

131

New media and political communication in Asia: a critical assessment of research on media and politics, 1988–2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on reviewing research on the interplay between new media and political communication in Asian societies. To assess the state of the discipline of political communication and how the research advances knowledge of the role and impact of media in politics, this study content-analyzed articles concerning media use in political arenas in Asian societies that were published in

Ven-hwei Lo; Ran Wei

2010-01-01

132

MEMORY PROCESSES IN MEDIA EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memory mediates the effects of mass media on the individual. The nature of memory is such that encoding, storage, and retrieval of episodic (context-dependent) information from mass media messages is often inhibited whereas semantic (thematic, procedural, structural) information retention is often promoted. Therefore, mass media effects are better defined in terms of structural information transmission than in terms of specific

KATHY KELLERMANN

1985-01-01

133

Group Communication Media Choice and the Use of Information and Communication Technology to Support Learning: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper reports a study conducted longitudinally to investigate group communication media choice and the use of a web-based learning tool, as well as other types of communication media, such as e-mail, telephone, and face-to-face, for communication and collaboration to complete given tasks. Design/methodology/approach: This study was…

Abdul Karim, Nor Shariza; Heckman, Robert

2005-01-01

134

Group Communication Media Choice and the Use of Information and Communication Technology to Support Learning: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper reports a study conducted longitudinally to investigate group communication media choice and the use of a web-based learning tool, as well as other types of communication media, such as e-mail, telephone, and face-to-face, for communication and collaboration to complete given tasks. Design/methodology/approach: This study was…

Abdul Karim, Nor Shariza; Heckman, Robert

2005-01-01

135

Self-service and social media: Communication hierarchy and message diffusion in participatory media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of word-of-mouth communication has moved from the town crier of ancient days to the cutting edge of user-friendly mobile technology. To measure message propagation during major media events in recent history, this study compares communication transmissions fueled by the deaths of three pop icons, Elvis Presley, Princess Diana and Michael Jackson, in three eras: pre-web, Web 1.0 and

Maya V. Oluseyi; Jeffery D. Gallop

2010-01-01

136

Social Interaction and the New Media The Construction of Communicative Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

New communication technologies set off new contexts for communication in very different ways from both print media and electronic mass media. In this essay, I shall compare dif- ferent media with emphasis on the ways they assist in the con- struction of contexts of interaction. It investigates the relation- ships between media technologies, social interaction and forms of social context.

TERJE RASMUSSEN

137

Communication technology and social media: opportunities and implications for healthcare systems.  

PubMed

Electronic patient education and communications, such as email, text messaging, and social media, are on the rise in healthcare today. This article explores potential uses of technology to seek solutions in healthcare for such challenges as modifying behaviors related to chronic conditions, improving efficiency, and decreasing costs. A brief discussion highlights the role of technologies in healthcare informatics and considers two theoretical bases for technology implementation. Discussion focuses more extensively on the ability and advantages of electronic communication technology, such as e-mail, social media, text messaging, and electronic health records, to enhance patient-provider e-communications in nursing today. Effectiveness of e-communication in healthcare is explored, including recent and emerging applications designed to improve patient-provider connections and review of current evidence supporting positive outcomes. The conclusion addresses the vision of nurses' place in the vanguard of these developments. PMID:23036059

Weaver, Betsy; Lindsay, Bill; Gitelman, Betsy

2012-09-30

138

The Media, the Medium, and Malaise: Assessing the Effects of Campaign Media Exposure with Panel Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we extend recent work on exposure to campaign advertisements, comparing the effects of television ads, radio ads, and campaign-related e-mails using an unusual panel data set that provides information on multiple media sources. Our findings, which control for the endogeneity problem that has plagued much work in political communications, confirm that media exposure does affect citizen attitudes.

L. Marvin Overby; Jay Barth

2009-01-01

139

Video Production for School Library Media Specialists: Communication and Production Techniques. Professional Growth Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book aims to help show school librarians how camcorders and other video production equipment can help them communicate more effectively with students, teachers, parents, and administrators. The book sees video production as an integral part of a library media center program because learning how to produce videos is an excellent way to learn…

McConnell, Terry; Sprouse, Harry W.

140

The Social Media Release as a Corporate Communication Tool for Bloggers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of a new communication tool, the social media release (SMR), on bloggers. Specifically, we seek to determine what factors will influence bloggers' intent to use SMRs or their components. Our global survey of 332 bloggers finds that bloggers' perceptions of the effectiveness of the SMR and the use of SMRs by companies positively affect their

Leyland F. Pitt; Michael Parent; Peter G. Steyn; Pierre Berthon; Arthur Money

2011-01-01

141

The Influence of Media Communication on Risk Perception and Behavior Related to Mad Cow Disease in South Korea  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this study was to ascertain the influence of media communication on risk behavior related to mad cow disease (MCD). Methods Mothers of elementary school students in Seoul were recruited as the survey participants of this study. Results Media reports affected risk behavior related to MCD. Also, knowledge and attitude toward MCD affects risk behavior. Conclusion Risk-related information provided by the media should maintain consistency and objectivity. For effective risk communication, there should be an open communication between the government and public, experts, and related industries, who should all collaborate.

Park, Jee-Eun; Sohn, Aeree

2013-01-01

142

Working with Media Outlets To Communicate with the Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Offers suggestions from a veteran public relations practitioner on how colleges can effectively use media resources to advertise academic programs, workforce training, and continuing education opportunities. Focuses on maximizing the benefits of using these five media outlets: newspapers, radio and TV, direct mail, the Internet, and cable…

Wallace, Mark L.

2000-01-01

143

Prosocial effects of media.  

PubMed

Parents, teachers, health care providers, and other caring adults worry about the harmful influence of media messages and images on children and teens and wonder how to recognize and encourage positive and healthy use of media. For decades, experts have commented on the power of media. Media depictions can lead to negative attitudes and behavior in some young viewers. This article discusses whether prosocial, tolerant, and cooperative attitudes and behavior can be learned and imitated by children and adolescents and whether media can nurture or stimulate creativity or actively promote health and well-being in young consumers. PMID:22643170

Hogan, Marjorie J

2012-04-18

144

Crisis Situations, Communication Strategies, and Media CoverageA Multicase Study Revisiting the Communicative Response Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the relationships among crisis situations, crisis response strategies, and media coverage. The author examines four political crisis situations and the strategies used to manage them; adopts a comparative, multicase, holistic research design; uses typical content analysis procedures for data analysis; and applies pattern-matching logic to compare the data against a theoretical model, the corporate communicative response

Yi-Hui Huang

2006-01-01

145

Media effects on jurors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact on jurors of exposure to media coverage of legal issues. Jurors' decisions may be influenced by a broad range of legally relevant information gleaned from media sources, including newspaper reports, radio and television news, advertising, movies, and televised crime shows and courtroom scenes. The article gives examples of these influences from real-world cases and from

Edith Greene

1990-01-01

146

Impediments to media communication of social change in family planning and reproductive health: experiences from East Africa.  

PubMed

The media has been employed to increase uptake of Family Planning through behaviour change communication (BCC). Understanding the barriers encountered in effectively undertaking this function would increase the strategy's effectiveness. Sixty journalists from East Africa participated in trainings to enhance their BCC skills for Family Planning in which a qualitative study was nested to identify barriers to effective Family Planning BCC in the region's media. The barriers were observed to be insufficient BCC skills, journalists' conflict of interest, interests of media houses, inaccessible sources of family planning information, editorial ideologies and absence of commercially beneficial demand. Coupled with the historical ideologies of the media in the region, the observed barriers have precipitated ineffective family planning BCC in the regions media. Effective BCC for family planning in the regions media requires capacity building among practitioners and alignment of the concept to the media's and consumers' aspirations. PMID:24069769

Kagurusi, Patrick T

2013-09-01

147

‘New’ paradigms, ‘new’ theory and four priorities for South African mass communication and media research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article emphasises the importance of context in mass communication and media research. A brief summary is offered of some of the main characteristics of postmodern society and the new media landscape, and explained as the impetus for the postmodern and postcolonial paradigms in mass communication and media research. From these paradigms ‘new’ theories have developed, such as ‘chaos theory’

Pieter J. Fourie

2010-01-01

148

Globalization of Mass Media OwnershipImplications and Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade, the United States lost its dominance as the owner and producer of mass communication, both domestically and around the world. The globalization of ownership of mass media content, production, and technology has major implications for audience definitions and theories about who controls these media, for what purposes, and with what effects. The articles in this special

PAUL M. HIRSCH

1992-01-01

149

How Social Influence Mediates Media Effects on Adolescents’ Materialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposed a theoretical framework by which it can be identified how media influence and social influence interplay and produce joint effects on adolescents’ materialistic values. The framework began with how adolescents estimate parents’ and friends’ materialistic values from media exposure and interpersonal communication and then facilitated an examination of how the parents’ and friends’ materialistic values, in turn,

Stella C. Chia

2010-01-01

150

‘Viagra® Effect’ – Influence of Mass Media on Patient Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The effects of modern mass media and communication on the public health system are well known. So far however, these different influences of the media have not been objectively evaluated by physician-patient contacts. Patients and Methods: In this study we asked urologists, primary care physicians and internists in private practices in Cologne and a rural area (Erftkreis, Germany) to

M. Braun; Th. Klotz; M. J. Mathers; J. Klingebiel; J. Zumbè; A. Schoenenberger; U. Engelmann

2001-01-01

151

Social uses of interpersonal communication technologies in a complex media environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the patterns of social use of interpersonal communication technologies that can be discerned in today’s complex media environment, in which people have many channels available for interpersonal communication. The article starts with a comprehensive review of the comparative uses and gratification research of interpersonal communication media. It argues that these studies are efficient in answering questions such

Gregor Petri?; Andraž Petrov?i?; Vasja Vehovar

2011-01-01

152

Communication and empireMedia markets, power and globalization, 1860—1910  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the formation of the `global media system' from 1860 to 1910. It begins with a critique of conventional knowledge in international communication and focuses on three themes: first, the rise of the global media; second, how markets, states and imperialism shaped the global media; and third, how the global media developed as a series of multinational

Dwayne R. Winseck; Robert M. Pike

2008-01-01

153

Rhetorics of Alternative Media in an Emerging Epidemic: SARS, Censorship, and Extra-Institutional Risk Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how professionals and the public employed alternative media to participate in unofficial risk communication during the 2002 SARS outbreak in China. Whereas whistle-blowers used alternative media such as independent overseas Chinese Web sites and contesting Western media, anonymous professionals and the larger communities relied more on guerrilla media such as text messages and word of mouth to

Huiling Ding

2009-01-01

154

Between Information and Communication: Middle Spaces in Computer Media for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we identify two categories of media that are common in computer-supported collaborative learning and software in general: communication media, and information media. These two types of media map easily on to two types of social activities in which learning is grounded: dialogue and monologue. Drawing on literature in learning theory, we suggest the need for interfaces that

Christopher M. Hoadley; Noel Enyedy

1999-01-01

155

Module 7-AA: Communicating Effectively  

Cancer.gov

The seventh module of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores communication issues pertinent to African Americans with cancer and their health care providers, discusses strategies for culturally sensitive communication, and presents the SPIKES protocol, a practical framework for effective communication.

156

Media Policy Paradigm ShiftsTowards a New Communications Policy Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with communications and media policy paradigms. In the US and Western Europe three paradigmatic phases of communications and media policy may be distinguished: the paradigm of emerging communications industry policy (until the Second World War); the paradigm of public service media policy (1945-1980\\/90); and the current phase (from 1980\\/90 onwards) in which a new policy paradigm is

Jan van Cuilenburg; Denis McQuail

2003-01-01

157

Product Characteristics Influencing Customer Communication Media Portfolio in Distance Selling Settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been a rapidly increasing establishment of distance selling businesses the last ten years. Many of those organisations have chosen Internet as their primary (and sometimes only) customer communication medium. Others have chosen to offer their customers a wide range of communication media. There are reasons for both these decisions, but both choices may also cause problems. Organisations that only offer one way of com. munication might exclude some customer groups, since different customers prefer different media. Organisations that allow many communication media might, on the other hand, be trapped in this generosity, since each medium added to the communication media portfolio means more channels to maintain.

Axelsson, Karin; Johansson, Britt-Marie

158

Using Theory to Design Evaluations of Communication Campaigns: The Case of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a general theory about how campaigns can have effects and suggest that the evaluation of communication campaigns must be driven by a theory of effects. The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign illustrates both the theory of campaign effects and implications that theory has for the evaluation design. Often models of effect assume that individual exposure affects cognitions that

Robert C. Hornik; Itzhak Yanovitzky

2003-01-01

159

Effectiveness of Communication Channels for Knowledge Sharing: a Study of Kuwaiti Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different theories have been advanced and tested about the choice of communication media\\/channels. These theories deal with information richness, task orientation and relevance of social and organisational contexts in developed nations. Communication media are distinctly important to knowledge sharing. This study will investigate the effectiveness of communication channels in the private companies of Kuwait, a developing nation, so as to

Sajjad ur Rehman

2005-01-01

160

Explaining the use of text-based communication media: an examination of three theories of media use.  

PubMed

The present study examined the factors associated with individuals' use of three different text-based communication media: e-mail, cell-phone texting, and Facebook Wall postings. Three theoretical perspectives, including media richness theory, uses and gratifications, and perceived network effects, were examined. Using data from a survey of college students (N=280), the study found that the theoretical constructs from these theories play different roles when applied to different technologies. The results suggest that a simultaneous consideration of technological attributes, users' motivations, and social circumstances in which users select and use the technology is useful for fully understanding the dynamics of the selection and the use of a given technology. PMID:22780995

Park, Namkee; Chung, Jae Eun; Lee, Seungyoon

2012-07-01

161

The communication media in postliteracy education: New dimensions of literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Postliteracy programs have been used to produce written materials for newly literate adults, but this narrow view falls short of preventing relapse into illiteracy. Furthermore, the gradual move away from mass educational programs and government financing of education has put postliteracy at greater risk. This study tests levels of retention of literacy among neo-literates in Tanzania who gained a literacy certificate five years ago. Some modest success is noted. The pattern of radio broadcasting, newspaper coverage and library provision in the country is summarized, and the influence of these media on literacy retention assessed. Investment in them is seen as crucial to the maintenance of literacy. However, it is also suggested that the cultural context cannot be overlooked, that the importance of oral communication does not swiftly diminish and that excessive emphasis on functional postliteracy texts does not coincide with the leisure-time interests of neo-literates.

Semali, Ladislaus M.

1993-05-01

162

The lucky few: Female graduands of communication studies in the Indonesian media industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

For some years, women have been entering Indonesian communications degrees in much larger numbers than men, but only a minority of media workers at present are women. This paper reports on research into the limiting factors, which affect the progress of female communications graduates into professional media work. A case study was used to investigate the gap between the number

P. Utari; P. Nilan

2004-01-01

163

Notes on the Interplay of Research on Media Space and Mobile Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we argue for the mutual relevance of media space and mobile communications researches. Surveying the two literatures, we note that the findings of media space research are often echoed by later mobile communication research and discuss some of the ideas they hold in common. However, mobile phones are used in a more diverse environment, both organizationally and

Paul M. Aoki; Margaret H. Szymanski; Allison Woodruff

164

Analysing Communication Media and Actions - Extending and Evaluating the Business Action Matrix  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyse how different communication media affect, restrict and facilitate business actions. This paper aims to attain a further understanding of what consequences decisions about offering or relinquishing a certain medium would have for the company and its customers. We are also interested in finding feasible ways to make such analyses of business actions and communication media.

Britt-marie Johansson; Karin Axelsson

2005-01-01

165

The influence of individual communication media on public confidence in democratic institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examines the influence of seven communication modalities on public perceptions of confidence in four democratic institutions. The study reasoned that the media serve as a source of secondary socialization: that depictions of democratic institutions such as the office of the Presidency, Congress, news media, and public schools by individual communication modalities cultivate perceptions of those institutions in people

Michael Pfau; Patricia Moy; Barry Radler; Michael K. Bridgeman

1998-01-01

166

Gaining on the Goals? Affirmative Action Policies, Practices, and Outcomes in Media Communication Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated hiring practices of departments of media communication. Questions were asked about the current distribution of ethnic minorities and women in media communication departments; what policies guide affirmative-action in hiring in the field; whether actual minorities and women hires accurately represent efforts to hire; and what…

Chow, Clement; And Others

167

Mass Media and Interpersonal Influence in a Reproductive Health Communication Campaign in Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared mass media and interpersonal influence during a reproductive health communication campaign in Bolivia using the following six behavior change steps: awareness, detailed knowledge, attitudes, intention, interpersonal communication, and family planning method use. The authors found that the main terms of mass media campaign and personal network exposure were associated with behavior change, whereas the multiplicative interaction term

THOMAS W. VALENTE; WALTER P. SABA

1998-01-01

168

Social media, mobile devices and sensors: Categorizing new techniques for health communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the advent of social media and online social networking is still relatively new, a rapid penetration of these technologies is being seen and their impact in relation to health communications is more recently also being considered. In relation to health in particular, these social media communications systems can also be considered to gain extended capabilities and impact when used

Robert Steele

2011-01-01

169

Media richness or media naturalness? The evolution of our biological communication apparatus and its influence on our behavior toward E-communication tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-communication in businesses has been the target of intense research. The theoretical hypotheses that have informed the media richness hypothesis have been influential in some circles and have also been strongly attacked by social theorists. It is argued in this paper that this theoretical polarization involving advocates of the media richness hypothesis and social theorists is due to two problems.

NED KOCK

2005-01-01

170

Growing Up White and Female During the American Great Depression: Popular Communication, Media, and Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using interviews and oral history, this research illuminates older women's experiences with mass media and popular communication during their teen years. In this essay, we analyze interviews with 14 Caucasian American women who were born in or before 1933. We conclude that these women gravitated toward adult-focused media, that they recalled “experiences” associated with media rather than its content, and

Shayla Thiel-Stern; Rebecca C. Hains; Sharon R. Mazzarella

2011-01-01

171

Communicating the Law: Factors Influencing Judges' Interaction with the News Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All 199 circuit court judges in Wisconsin were surveyed to explore the relationship between judges and the news media, to determine how judges communicate with the public through the news media, and to examine the influence of individual, organizational, and institutional variables on judges' use of the news media as a link with the public.…

Drechsel, Robert E.

172

The Responsible Media Communicator: Guidelines for Consulting in the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As more and more organizations are utilizing media such as videotape, electronic mail, computer-based training, and video-conferencing, the role of the media professional becomes more crucial. The responsible media communicator must be cognizant of the ethical concerns of the consultant and adapt these to the special needs of the client and the…

Thorpe, Judie Mosier

173

EarthScope's Education, Outreach, and Communications: Using Social Media from Continental to Global Scales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social media has emerged as a popular and effective form of communication among all age groups, with nearly half of Internet users belonging to a social network or using another form of social media on a regular basis. This phenomenon creates an excellent opportunity for earth science organizations to use the wide reach, functionality and informal environment of social media platforms to disseminate important scientific information, create brand recognition, and establish trust with users. Further, social media systems can be utilized for missions of education, outreach, and communicating important timely information (e.g., news agencies are common users). They are eminently scaleable (thus serving from a few to millions of users with no cost and no performance problem), searchable (people are turning to them more frequently as conduits for information), and user friendly (thanks to the massive resources poured into the underlying technology and design, these systems are easy to use and have been widely adopted). They can be used, therefore, to engage the public interactively with the EarthScope facilities, experiments, and discoveries, and continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify scientific advancement. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) is launching an effort to utilize social media to broaden its impact as a conduit between scientists, facilities, educators, and the public. The ESNO will use the opportunities that social media affords to offer high quality science content in a variety of formats that appeal to social media users of various age groups, including blogs (popular with users 18-29), Facebook and Twitter updates (popular with users ages 18-50), email updates (popular with older adults), and video clips (popular with all age groups). We will monitor the number of "fans" and "friends" on social media and networking pages in order to gauge the increase in the percentage of the user population visiting the site. We will also use existing tools available on social media sites to track the relationships between users who visit or "friend" the site to determine how knowledge of the site is transferred amongst various social, educational or geographic groups. Finally, we will use this information to iteratively improve the variety of content and media on the site to increase our user pool, improve EarthScope recognition, and provide appropriate and user-specific Earth science information, especially for time sensitive events of wide interest such as natural disasters.

Bohon, W.; Frus, R.; Arrowsmith, R.; Fouch, M. J.; Garnero, E. J.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W. L.

2011-12-01

174

AAAS Mass Media Science and Engineering Fellowship Program: Building Communication Skills in Young Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AAAS Mass Media Science &Engineering Fellowship program has succeeded in training scientists to become more effective communicators for more than 30 years. The program places advanced science, engineering and mathematics students at media sites to work as science reporters for ten weeks each summer. AAAS places between 15 to 20 students a year at newspapers, magazines and radio stations. Our goal is to create better science communicators who understand their role in fostering the public's understanding of science. Fellows leave the program with a greater awareness of how to communicate complex issues by making the connection as to why people should be interested in certain developments, and more specifically, how they will impact their communities. 2004 AGU Fellow Rei Ueyama put her lessons learned to good use during her Fellowship at the Sacramento Bee. "In a regional paper like The Bee, a (story) also had to have a local touch. I needed to show why people in Sacramento (or California) should bother to read the story. One example is the story I wrote about seeding the ocean with iron particles to fight global warming. Since ocean fertilization is a global issue, I had to clearly specify the reason why The Bee and not The New York Times was running the story. The local angle I chose was to point out that the core group of scientists involved in this study was from Monterey Bay, Calif." Many alumni tell us the program has been an integral force in shaping the course of their career. Similarly, sites often report that having a scientist on staff is an invaluable resource that allows them to cover additional science stories as well as report some technical stories in more depth. The American Geophysical Union has sponsored a Mass Media Fellow since 1997. Sponsorship allows affiliate program partners to establish connections with young professionals in their field. They are then also able to take advantage of the communication skills resident in their alumni base. The OS28 Communicating Broadly: Perspectives and Tools for Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Scientists Session would provide an ideal platform for Fellowship management to share lessons learned about science communication and to offer insight as to the challenges scientists face when communicating with the general public or media.

Pasco, S.

2006-12-01

175

Communication, media and environment: Towards reconnecting research on the production, content and social implications of environmental communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveying environmental communication research of the past four decades, the article delineates some of the key trends and approaches in research which has sought to address the role played by media and communication processes in the public and political definition, elaboration and contestation of environmental issues and problems. It is argued: (1) that there is a need to reconnect the

Anders Hansen

2011-01-01

176

"Always Use Protection": Communication Boys Receive about Sex from Parents, Peers, and the Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although parents are often thought to be the primary communicators of sexual information, studies have found that many adolescent boys report receiving little or no parental communication about sex. Instead, boys report learning about sex mostly from their peers and the media. However, little is known about the content of these communications,…

Epstein, Marina; Ward, L. Monique

2008-01-01

177

Relational Control and Interactive Media Choice in Technology-Mediated Communication Situations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Develops a framework to examine the communication goals of interacting partners and how these affect media choice. States that 70 people were presented with different communication situations, and were asked which mode of communication they would use. Finds that in situations of relational competitiveness, relational control was a significant…

Kayany, Joseph M.; And Others

1996-01-01

178

Effects of Media Framing of Obesity Among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examined the effects of media framing of obesity on adolescents' causal attributions, causal beliefs, and evaluations of health messages. The goal was to understand what types of messages are most effective in communicating the risks of obesity, leading to changes in beliefs and attitudes. To do so, an experiment was conducted with a 2 × 2 between-subject factorial design, with

Fuyuan Shen; Sang Yeal Lee; Carrie Sipes; Fan Hu

2012-01-01

179

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences  

PubMed Central

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths – rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations – make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of ‘altmetrics’ to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist’s tool kit.

2013-01-01

180

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences.  

PubMed

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths - rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations - make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of 'altmetrics' to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist's tool kit. PMID:23845168

Osterrieder, Anne

2013-07-11

181

Teenagers' Use of MSN Features, Discussion Topics, and Online Friendship Development: The Impact of Media Richness and Communication Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a sample of 248 Hong Kong adolescents, this study probed the impact of media richness and communication control on teenagers' use of MSN® for online friendship development. Both media richness and communication control contributed to MSN's overall functionality and teenagers' self-presentation and friendship development. Media richness positively influenced both social and task communications and shortened the time needed to

Vivian C. Sheer

2011-01-01

182

Mass Communication Functions in a Media-Rich Developing Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several research models developed in recent years in postindustrial societies are applied to a field setting in Venezuela where mass media are highly advanced but the society remains highly stratified in education, income, and other socioeconomic hierarchies. Indices of functional uses and avoidances of the media show strong consistency across media and are good predictors of media use patterns. Simple

Steven H. Chaffee; Fausto Izcaray

1975-01-01

183

Otitis Media, the Quality of Child Care, and the Social/Communicative Behavior of Toddlers: A Replication and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of otitis media (OM) and the quality of child care on the social and communicative behaviors of toddlers, using a cumulative risk framework that included moderation. The study followed 72 children who began child care in infancy. Both process and structural aspects of the quality of 11 child…

Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Manlove, Elizabeth E.

2005-01-01

184

Otitis media, the quality of child care, and the social\\/communicative behavior of toddlers: A replication and extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of otitis media (OM) and the quality of child care on the social and communicative behaviors of toddlers, using a cumulative risk framework that included moderation. The study followed 72 children who began child care in infancy. Both process and structural aspects of the quality of 11 child care centers

Lynne Vernon-Feagans; Elizabeth E. Manlove

2005-01-01

185

The Effect of Individual Differences on Managerial Media Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines two potential factors affecting managerial variability in media sensitivity: communication apprehension and self-monitoring. Finds that both measures affect the media choices managers make. Calls into question, however, the initial models of media choice decisions of managers. (SR)|

Alexander, Elmore R., III; And Others

1991-01-01

186

Central Bank Communication or the Media’s Interpretation: What Moves Markets?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is to investigate what type of information from Bank of Canada communication statements or the market commentary based on these statements has a significant effect on the volatility or level of returns in a short-term interest rate market. Two different text mining methods are used to extract interpretable themes from the document set. Bank FAD

Scott Hendry

2012-01-01

187

Lau effect in GRIN media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lau effect refers to interference phenomenon involving double-grating system illuminated by an extended white light source and it has received wide attention. Until now, the Lau effect has been studied regarding double-grating system immersed in homogenous media. A generalization of Lau effect to the case of a GRIN medium is considered. We present an explanation based on the coherence theory. We begin the analysis by describing, in general terms, the propagation of the second-order field correlations in GRIN media, via the cross-spectral density function. This provides the basics for discussing the evolution of the intensity distribution and the cross-spectral density function of the field incident on the second grating. The particular case of a selfoc GRIN medium and two sinusoidal gratings is analyzed.

Garcia-Allegue, M. C.; Nieto, D.; Flores-Arias, M. T.; Gómez-Reino, C.

2005-09-01

188

The influence of high\\/low-context culture and power distance on choice of communication media: Students’ media choice to communicate with Professors in Japan and America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on two widely used cultural constructs, high-context (HC)\\/low-context (LC) culture, and power distance (PD), and investigates their influence on media choice behavior. The propositions that Japan is a higher context and PD culture than the United States were tested. The study also explored the association between individual cultural values and choice of communication media. The results, the

Rieko Maruta Richardson; Sandi W. Smith

2007-01-01

189

Knowledge Limited: Public communication, risk and university media policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an increasingly corporate and managerially-driven institutional environment, academics are being strongly encouraged to engage with the media in order to showcase their research and demonstrate their university's knowledge assets and relevance for wider communities. Many universities have recently introduced or updated policies and formally codified procedures for managing this academic-media contact to maximise positive media outcomes. A new wave

Kylie Brass; David Rowe

2009-01-01

190

Revealing the Black Box: Information Processing and Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses some of the fundamental assumptions of an information processing approach to mass media effects and the contributions it brings to mass communication. Traces the conceptual and methodological innovations of an information processing perspective as they have been applied to the study of television since the 1980s. (SR)|

Geiger, Seth; Newhagen, John

1993-01-01

191

Media and Intra-Elite Communication in Poland: Case Studies of Controversy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rand Corporation is conducting a multiyear comparative study of the role of the media in intra-elite communication in Communist countries. Western analysts of the political process in 'closed' Communist systems necessarily rely heavily on the publishe...

A. R. Johnson J. L. Curry

1980-01-01

192

Media and Intra-Elite Communication in Poland: The System of Censorship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rand Corporation is conducting a multiyear comparative study of the role of the media in intra-elite communication in Communist countries. Western analysts of the political process in 'closed' Communist systems necessarily rely heavily on the publishe...

J. L. Curry

1980-01-01

193

Health Communications: Nursing Education for Increased Visibility and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)|

Chaffee, Mary

2000-01-01

194

Communications Pretesting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The majority of social development programs around the world stand to benefit from communicating their activities through the mass media. Most program administrators will invest in communication that will effectively reach a target population but will avo...

1978-01-01

195

Emerging global divides in media and communication theory: European universalism versus non-Western reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

What Wallerstein described as European universalism dominated media and communication theory until the end of the twentieth century. The three-tier divide of the global economic system (center, semi-periphery, and periphery) explicated in world-system analysis was equally applicable to the global academic\\/scholarship structure. The non-traditional fields of study, such as media and (mass) communication, inherited the full flavor of European universalism

Shelton A. Gunaratne

2009-01-01

196

Effective Language for Communicating Children's Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintaining that only by integrating communications into program planning and policy can Kids Count grantees and other child advocates achieve their goals, this document presents four studies examining the ways in which the media currently frame children's issues, the consequences of those frames, and possibilities for reframing media depictions…

Coalition for America's Children, Washington, DC.

197

Effective Language for Communicating Children's Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maintaining that only by integrating communications into program planning and policy can Kids Count grantees and other child advocates achieve their goals, this document presents four studies examining the ways in which the media currently frame children's issues, the consequences of those frames, and possibilities for reframing media depictions…

Coalition for America's Children, Washington, DC.

198

The Communicative Arts: An Introduction to Mass Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All areas of mass communication are surveyed. Man's earliest efforts as a communicator are considered, and what is known about the development of speech and writing is explored. Various theories (including mathematical ones) are reviewed which attempt to explain the processes of both personal and mass communication. Separate chapters focus on the…

Steinberg, Charles S.

199

Participants’ Perspectives in Effective Use of Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, like that of Dr McBeath, introduces issues for discussion at the 1987 International Council for Educational Media Conference. Before listing some of the concerns of the teacher, the producer, the administrator and the learner in terms of their perspectives of the process of educational communication, brief mention is made of the inherent problems of communication which have taxed

George Paton

1987-01-01

200

Comparison of Public Relations and News Professionals’ Usage of Social Media in Communication Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals in the areas of public relations and news adopt social media extensively in their respective disciplines. Thus the focus of this study is to ascertain how social media was used in professional communication. A questionnaire sent to both journalists and public relations practitioners was distributed via email. The questions focused on professional usage (minutes and hours), identifying both professional

Kathy Stalbaum

2011-01-01

201

Mass Media and Marketing Communication Promoting Primary and Secondary Cancer Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often seek and receive cancer information from mass media (including television, radio, print media, and the Internet), and marketing strategies often inform cancer information needs assessment, message development, and channel selection. In this article, we present the discussion of a 2-hour working group convened for a cancer communications workshop held at the 2008 Society of Behavioral Medicine meeting in

Peggy Hannon; Gareth P. Lloyd; K. Viswanath; Tenbroeck Smith; Karen Basen-Engquist; Sally W. Vernon; Gina Turner; Bradford W. Hesse; Corinne Crammer; Christian von Wagner; Cathy L. Backinger

2009-01-01

202

Shaping American Political Discourse through Media Punditry and Ideological Pontification. (Mass Communication Instructional Unit.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor uses a unique instructional paradigm in his MCOM 1003/Introduction to Mass Communication course at Southern Arkansas University (SAU) in a unit on media and politics. According to his students, one of the most popular learning strategies is the use of original edited videos that focus on dubious practices by some media professionals.…

Reppert, James E.

203

Media Literacy in Journalism\\/Mass Communication Education: Can the United States Learn from Sweden?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploratory studies were conducted in the United States and Sweden in the spring and autumn of 2004 to determine how faculty in journalism\\/mass communication programs acknowledged and conceptualized media literacy both as a teaching tool and educational concept. The Swedish participants' feedback was markedly different from U.S. academics' in terms of acknowledgement and conceptualization of media literacy. Conclusions drawn may

Paul Mihailidis

2005-01-01

204

Media Reputation as a Strategic Resource: An Integration of Mass Communication and Resource-Based Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource-based view proposes that reputation is a resource leading to competitive advantage. Past research tested this by using Fortune ratings to measure reputation, but these ratings are theoretically weak. This paper integrates mass communication theory into past research to develop a concept called media reputation, defined as the overall evaluation of a firm presented in the media. Theoretical and

David L. Deephouse

2000-01-01

205

Media reputation as a strategic resource: an integration of mass communication and resource-based theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource-based view proposes that reputation is a resource leading to competitive advantage. Past research tested this by using Fortune ratings to measure reputation, but these ratings are theoretically weak. This paper integrates mass communication theory into past research to develop a concept called media reputation, defined as the overall evaluation of a firm presented in the media. Theoretical and

David L. Deephouse

2000-01-01

206

Japanese Communication Research: The Emphasis on Macro Theories of Media in an "Information-Based" Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most mass media research in Japan focuses on the influence of mass communication on society as a whole; these "macro" theories typically employ traditional social science techniques. Reasons for this situation are examined, as well as how media researchers outside of Japan might learn from the Japanese perspectives about the role and function of…

Cooper, Roger

1997-01-01

207

Historical Development of Media Systems. II. German Democratic Republic. Communication and Society 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes a study of the systems of mass communication in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) that concentrated on the ideological and political bases of mass media as they developed after the Second World War. Topics discussed include (1) the history of journalism in the GDR, (2) the roles of the various media in that country, (3)…

Dusiska, Emil

208

Training for Intercultural Media Competence: Multimedia Tools for Intercultural Communications in the International English Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalization of English facilitated by telecommunications media fosters the illusion of one common world village beyond the schizms of cultural difference. This paper examines the complex web of relationships among language, culture and media variables that operate beneath the surface of intercultural communication in English. International students that come to North America to study English are in a particularly

John Leih

1997-01-01

209

The Association for Educational Communications and Technology: Division of School Media Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on the Division of School Media Specialists of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT). Highlights include the mission statement; publications; board members and committee chairs; activities at the AECT conferences; and future concerns, including public relations and marketing plans for media specialists and…

Miller, Mary Mock

1993-01-01

210

The media and communication professions and needs of education until the year 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Background Our paper is based on a study that aims to identify current trends in the Finnish media industry and the educational needs of media and communications professionals. All levels of the Finnish education system (vocational education, polytechnics, university education and vocational adult education) are included in the study. The project has been funded by the European Social Fund

Pentti Raittila

211

A Hierarchical Model for Employee Benefits Communication Based on Media Richness Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes data stemming from a major research project concerning employee benefits communication and considers whether findings extend to other areas of employee communication. Previous reports addressed in detail an HR managers' survey and an employee survey. This paper addresses six focus groups, comparing results to salient findings from the two surveys and inquiring whether media richness theory, coupled

Alan R. Freitag; Gaelle Picherit-Duthler

2008-01-01

212

Waste treatment: analysis of media communications (press releases between 10/95 and 03/96).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the framework of a national media communication survey concerning the waste treatment sector, a status report has been realized in order to help develop communication strategies. The study was based on a corpus composed of 1250 articles related to wast...

F. Chantar C. Legris-Desfortes

1996-01-01

213

Fast, Broad, and Frequent: Campus Crisis Communications Today Demand Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of communication during a school crisis has not changed in the 21st century. What has changed--and quite dramatically since 1999--is the way people communicate. Social media tools are now used in some form by 100 percent of all four-year universities in the United States as a way to reach students, according to a 2011 University of…

Liggett, Billy

2012-01-01

214

Scholarly communication and possible changes in the context of social media : A Finnish case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The focus of this paper is to study the influence of social media on scholarly communication. The aim is to provide an overview of researchers' use of Web 2.0 techniques, and discuss a possible change of information behaviors in the context of scholarly communication. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A web survey was distributed to a targeted sample of university staff

Feng Gu; Gunilla Widén-Wulff

2011-01-01

215

Hypermasculinity In The Media: When Men Walk Into The Fog To Avoid Affective Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Men's tendency to exhibit withdrawal behaviors during affective communication has been shown to be a point of contention in romantic discord. The current study was designed to examine whether men's desire to facilitate a discussion regarding affective communication would be affected by media portrayals of subtle versus blatant withdrawal; the latter epitomized by a hypermasculine man who opts to leave

Avi Ben-Zeev; Liz Scharnetzki; Lann K. Chan; Tara C. Dennehy

2012-01-01

216

Media Clusters and Media Cluster Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large media clusters have emerged in a limited number of large cities, characterizing the geographical concentration of the global media industry. This paper explores the reasons behind the localization patterns of media industries, the effect of the rapid advancement of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on media clusters and the role of media cluster policies. One might draw the conclusion

Charlie Karlsson; Robert Picard

2011-01-01

217

A face to face communication using real-time media conversion system  

Microsoft Academic Search

User friendly human interfaces have received great attention recently. Our goal is to realize a natural human-machine communication environment by giving a face to the computer terminal or communication system. In order to construct such an interface, a real synthesised image in real-time is needed. In this paper, we develop a real-time media conversion system and examine the communication between

Naoya Miyashita; Tatsumi Sakaguchi; S. Morishima

1996-01-01

218

“Always Use Protection”: Communication Boys Receive About Sex From Parents, Peers, and the Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although parents are often thought to be the primary communicators of sexual information, studies have found that many adolescent\\u000a boys report receiving little or no parental communication about sex. Instead, boys report learning about sex mostly from their\\u000a peers and the media. However, little is known about the content of these communications, from any source. Using a sample of\\u000a 286

Marina Epstein; L. Monique Ward

2008-01-01

219

New Electronic Media, Popular Reading Materials, and Converging Communication Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In all educational settings, electronic media are pervasive and increasing in popularity because of the speed of transmission and searching of information files. However, in the case of popular media--such as magazines, books, and newspapers--little importance is placed on the speed of transmission, and conversion to electronic books or magazines…

Gabriel, Michael R.

220

Media literacy courses in faculties of communication in TRNC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in information technologies have changed the world and the way we create and use information. Due to these developments, flow of messages occupy daily life through media. In order to overcome the chaos of the messages, people are in need of acquiring critical thinking and self-expression in media environment. Children, as well as adults, are becoming a part of

Münevver Ça??n Bekta?

2009-01-01

221

NEW MEDIA AND STRATEGIC COMMUNICATION: MEETING CHALLENGES THROUGH CULTURAL CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 , this paper assesses the global information environment and the impacts of New Media and changing demographic demands for information. We will review the various extant and emerging platforms and modes of information and news dissemination that characterize the changing news media environment. Our goal is to provide an assessment of the cultural changes taking place based on value

STEVEN B. LOVE; COL HEINRICH K. RIEPING

222

Democratizing Communication: Media Activism and Broadcasting Reform in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the reform of broadcasting media in Thailand during the period 2000-2006. The Constitution of 1997 initiated reform of the political and media structure. It led to the enactment of the 2000 Act on Organization for Frequency Allocation and Supervision of Telecommunication and Broadcasting Businesses. These legal frameworks advanced institutional restructuring by establishing

Monwipa Wongrujira

2008-01-01

223

News Media and Strategic Communications Industry, Industry Study, Spring 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media industry and the U.S. national security strategy have been inextricably linked since the founding of the country, when newspaper articles became the medium for widespread public discussion. In the globalized 21st century, the news media ind...

C. S. Ey J. M. Ahlgrimm J. P. Eckardt M. G. Binder N. K. Andrews

2008-01-01

224

Social Media for School Communication. Research into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It's easy to dismiss social media as a fascination of young people but to do so minimizes one of the fastest growing trends in technology. The Pew Internet and American Life Project recently found that over 71% of teens have a Facebook profile and 75% of adults have one too. Social media tools have become the way for a school or business to…

Williamson, Ronald

2012-01-01

225

Media Casebook; An Introductory Reader in American Mass Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Each selection in this anthology offers a single example of a major problem or characteristic of the American mass media. The anthology has four sections: development, responsibility, media, and coverage. Development in journalism is shown by comparing accounts of Presidential conventions over a 125-year period. Articles about responsibility deal…

Sandman, Peter M., Ed.; And Others

226

New Electronic Media, Popular Reading Materials, and Converging Communication Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all educational settings, electronic media are pervasive and increasing in popularity because of the speed of transmission and searching of information files. However, in the case of popular media--such as magazines, books, and newspapers--little importance is placed on the speed of transmission, and conversion to electronic books or magazines…

Gabriel, Michael R.

227

CORPORATE CYBERSPACE COMMUNICATION VS. PAPER-BASED COMMUNICATION: THE IMPACT OF MEDIA CHOICE ON COST AND BENEFIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated how corporate media choices such as cyberspace and paper-based communication impacted cost and benefit. Data were collected from the Fortune 500 companies. The findings indicated that, while all the companies provided the Web version of annual reports on their investor relations page, 53% of the companies still printed and distributed paper-based annual reports in 2005. The average

Jensen J. Zhao; Joel A. Whitesel; Allen D. Truell; Melody W. Alexander

228

Adaptation of fictional and online conversations to communication media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conversations allow the quick transfer of short bits of information and it is reasonable to expect that changes in communication medium affect how we converse. Using conversations in works of fiction and in an online social networking platform, we show that the utterance length of conversations is slowly shortening with time but adapts more strongly to the constraints of the communication medium. This indicates that the introduction of any new medium of communication can affect the way natural language evolves.

Alis, C. M.; Lim, M. T.

2012-12-01

229

The Selection of Appropriate Communication Media for Instruction: A Guide for Designers of Air Force Technical Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication media are defined as systems that transmit messages for larger user systems which serve such purposes as instruction, information, entertainment, or propaganda dissemination. The report describes and discusses the uses of all types of communication media in instruction. Eleven uses for communication in instruction are described…

Bretz, Rudy

230

Is Symmetrical Communication Ethical and Effective?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to explore two questions:(1) Is symmetrical communication in public relations practice inherently ethical?(2) Does symmetrical communication contribute to public relations effectiveness and organizational effectiveness? Three surveys are undertaken to test seven research hypotheses for the purpose of cross-validating research findings. The results suggest that symmetrical communication is inherently ethical. Moreover, symmetrical communication indeed contributes

Yi-Hui Huang

2004-01-01

231

Media's Effects on Children's Thinking Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous cognitive effects have been attributed to the mass media, particularly to TV. The critics charged the media with the disruption of children's moral fibre, the numbing of their minds, the teaching of distorted world views and values, and more. The enthusiasts have, likewise, expected the media to present the most important, unique and instructive materials, to widen children's intellectual

Gavriel Salomon

1984-01-01

232

Effective educators are culturally competent communicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective formal education or schooling is not simply a matter of teaching and learning curriculum content. It is also about values, assumptions, feelings, perceptions and relationships. No education can take place without interpersonal communication. Effective teaching can thus be qualié ed in terms of relating effectively in the classroom. Effective education thus also presupposes effective communication skills. Communication as the

Johann le Roux

2002-01-01

233

[Occupational medicine and communication: which role for print media?].  

PubMed

The diffusion of recent regulations on work safety has captured mass-media's interest on work accidents. The present work aims to highlight the role of print media in building a social representation of work safety, by performing a qualitative analysis of articles published between 2009 and 2010 in three of the main national newspapers. Results showed that print media are accurate in reporting news, but they do not serve as source of education in work safety's issues. Information is mainly focused around catastrophic events, with headlines inducing negative emotions. Very few articles contain a critical discussion of methods and operational proposals tested around the Country. A possible transformation of media's role in promoting work safety is discussed. PMID:21438268

Cecaro, M; Bernardini, M; Isolani, L; Passamonti, C

234

Mass Communication and Media in China's Cultural Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis is advanced by a distinguished Red China scholar that the elevation of radio as a prime mobilization tool and the decimation of other media resulted from conflict among the factors of personality, modernization and power.

James W. Markham; Alan P. L. Liu

1969-01-01

235

Computer-mediated communication and collaborative writing: media influence and adaptation to communication constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to contingency theory, tasks involving high levels of uncertainty and equivocality require a communication medium that permits interactive, expressive communication. The theory of adaptive structuration, however, takes a more dynamic view of the relationship between communication technology and communication behavior, recognizing the malleability of human behavior as well as the adaptability of technology. According to the structuration perspective, individuals

Jolene Galegher; Robert E. Kraut

1992-01-01

236

Effect of electronic media on children.  

PubMed

Radio, television (TV), movies, video games, cell phones, and computer networks have assumed central roles in our children's daily lives. The media has demonstrated potentially profound effects, both positive and negative, on children's cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Considering the increasing exposure of children to newer forms of media, we decided to review the current literature on the effects of media on child health both in the Western countries and India. It is widely accepted that media has profound influence on child health, including violence, obesity, tobacco and alcohol use, and risky sexual behaviors. Simultaneously, media may have some positive effects on child health. We need to find ways to optimize the role of media in our society, taking advantage of their positive attributes and minimizing their negative ones. We need to understand better how to reverse the negative impact of media and make it more positive. PMID:20683108

Ray, Munni; Jat, Kana Ram

2010-07-01

237

Framing as a Theory of Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systematizes the fragmented approaches to framing in political communication and integrates them into a comprehensive model. Classifies previous approaches to framing research along two dimensions: media frames versus audience frames; and the way frames are operationalized (independent variable or dependent variable). Identifies four key processes…

Scheufele, Dietram A.

1999-01-01

238

Effectively executing a comprehensive marketing communication strategy.  

PubMed

Marketers are under increasing scrutiny from their management to demonstrate accountability for the resources they receive. Three models are presented to help marketers execute their customer communication activities more effectively. Benefits of using the "Identification of Strategic Communication Elements," "Business Communication" and "Communications Management Process" models include (1) more effective upfront strategic and tactical planning, (2) ensuring key communication principles are addressed, (3) easier communication program communication, (4) provides a framework for program evaluation and market research and (5) increases the creative thinking marketers need when addressing the major marketing challenges. The ultimate benefit is the greater likelihood of more positive marketing results. PMID:19042530

Gombeski, William R; Taylor, Jan; Piccirilli, Ami; Cundiff, Lee; Britt, Jason

2007-01-01

239

Communicate and Motivate: The School Leader's Guide to Effective Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Develop the skills you need to communicate effectively and in ways that motivate your faculty towards success. Written especially for principals and other administrators, this book will empower you to communicate well as you work to promote a student-centered environment best suited to schoolwide achievement. Learn to approach one-on-one…

Arneson, Shelly

2011-01-01

240

Diffusion of traditional and new media tactics in crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is emerging as an important tool for organizations to communicate with journalists and publics. This article reports the results of a five point-in-time study of organizational use of the Internet in crisis communication. Through the lens of Rogers’ [Rogers, E. (1962\\/1995). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press] diffusion of innovations research, the data suggest that about half

Maureen Taylor; Danielle C. Perry

2005-01-01

241

The Role of Media Communications in Developing Tourism Policy and Cross-Cultural Communication for Peace, Security for Sustainable Tourism Industry in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives are :(1) to highlight the theoretical or conceptual implications of: the new media communication technologies, globalisation, and cultural contestations on the Africa’s tourism industry; (2) to present an overview of the current challenges of tourism policy issues and options in Africa and how they can be slowed, halted and reversed by media communications campaigns process; (3) to explain

Wilson Truman Okaka

2007-01-01

242

Children, adolescents, and the media: health effects.  

PubMed

The media can be a powerful teacher of children and adolescents and have a profound impact on their health. The media are not the leading cause of any major health problem in the United States, but they do contribute to a variety of pediatric and adolescent health problems. Given that children and teens spend >7 hours a day with media, one would think that adult society would recognize its impact on young people's attitudes and behaviors. Too little has been done to protect children and adolescents from harmful media effects and to maximize the powerfully prosocial aspects of modern media. PMID:22643165

Strasburger, Victor C; Jordan, Amy B; Donnerstein, Ed

2012-06-01

243

IAMCR CONFERENCE, BARCELONA, JULY 2002 COMMUNICATION POLICY SECTION PANEL: NEW MEDIA: NEW INCLUSIONS\\/EXCLUSIONS IN EVERYDAY LIFE DIASPORIC MEDIA AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF ETHNIC AND MULTIETHNIC PUBLICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diasporic media have developed rapidly in the last few years with consequences for ethnic minorities' communication among themselves and with Others in local, national and transnational contexts. ICTs have been of central significance in the development of diasporic media produced and consumed in local and global spaces; these media are increasingly interactive, decentralised and depend more and more on minority

Myria Georgiou

244

Media Effects on Ethnic Identity among Linguistic Majorities and Minorities: A Longitudinal Study of a Bilingual Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on media effects has documented the media's influence on beliefs and behavior while cross-cultural psychology has documented the effects of the language used in communication on identification with the ingroup and the outgroup. Media usage in the outgroup language should, therefore, affect identification patterns. This research…

Clement, Richard; Baker, Susan C.; Josephson, Gordon; Noels, Kimberly A.

2005-01-01

245

Media Effects on Ethnic Identity among Linguistic Majorities and Minorities: A Longitudinal Study of a Bilingual Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on media effects has documented the media's influence on beliefs and behavior while cross-cultural psychology has documented the effects of the language used in communication on identification with the ingroup and the outgroup. Media usage in the outgroup language should, therefore, affect identification patterns. This research…

Clement, Richard; Baker, Susan C.; Josephson, Gordon; Noels, Kimberly A.

2005-01-01

246

On the Responsible Use of Communication Media for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as Bob Heinich states that technology makes instruction visible (1970, 1971), putting the professional ethics into practice makes technology visible. The window for social insight into teachers' professional field is open to a particular view at the present. There are learner questions surrounding the use of media which need answering and…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

2009-01-01

247

French for Marketing. Using French in Media and Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The textbook, entirely in French, is designed to help prepare anglophone students for French language usage in the media and telecommunications. It is organized according to two major themes. The first part addresses the French of advertising; chapter topics include the actors in advertising (agencies, announcers, supports), forms of advertising,…

Batchelor, R. E.; Chebli-Saadi, M.

248

ENVIRONMENT AND EARTH SCIENCES IN COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA IN HUNGARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the opinion of the author, the Hungarian media is characterised by lack of the programs in wich the problems of the Earth and the natural environment are presented. This situation is done to the market character of the commercial channels and the competitive inferioriti of the official ones. The rare scientific programs replay the 20-30 year old emisions which

Emma SZIGETHY

249

In-home power line communication media access control protocol based on collision resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing media access control (MAC) protocols in power line communication (PLC) networks just discard the colliding data\\u000a packets when collision occurs. The collision deteriorates throughput and delay performance of system under high traffic conditions.\\u000a This article presents a novel media access scheme with fast collision resolution for in-home power line networks. It works\\u000a by first recognizing the colliding stations

Bo Wang; Pei-wei Huang; You-ping Zhong; Ying-hao Qi

2009-01-01

250

The Influence of Mass Media and Interpersonal Communication on Societal and Personal Risk Judgments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study described in this article examines the influences of mass media, interpersonal channels, and self-efficacy on risk judgment, using data from a sample of New York State residents. Risk judgment is conceptualized on two distinct domains: personal-level risk judgment and social-level risk judgment. The health and risk communication literature suggests that mass media channels are more likely to influence

CYNTHIA-LOU COLEMAN

1993-01-01

251

The effect of communication medium on negotiation performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concepts of media efficiency and media richness are employed to describe the impact of communication media on two key aspects of negotiation behavior—reducing uncertainty about the task, and managing equivocality about negotiator's bargaining orientation. A controlled experiment was conducted to examine how the use of either audio or text forms of verbal communication, and the presence or absence of visual

James Sheffield

1995-01-01

252

Physics collaboration and communication through emerging media: *odcasts, blogs and wikis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The entertainment and news industries are being transformed by the emergence of innovative, internet-based media tools. Audio and video downloads are beginning to compete with traditional entertainment distribution channels, and the blogosphere has become an alternative press with demonstrated news-making power of its own. The scientific community, and physics in particular, is just beginning to experiment with these tools. We believe that they have great potential for enhancing the quality and effectiveness of collaboration and communication, and that the coming generation of physicists will expect them to be used creatively. We will report on our experience in producing seminar podcasts (google ``QIBEC'' or search ``quantum'' on Apple iTunes), and on operating a distributed research institute using a group-based blog.

Clark, Charles W.; Williams, Jamie

2006-05-01

253

Active Media: A framework for digital media effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper defines active media as a new paradigm that captures the richness of digital media in affecting every aspect of our lives. The term active media embraces interactive, coactive, and proactive digital media. Active media provide more dynamic and individualized experiences, and target recipients more accurately. Active media allow the integration of different human-centric systems into the era of

Jamil Alio; Mohammad Ibrahim; David Pickton; Marie Bassford

2008-01-01

254

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part VI: Mass Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Mass Media Effects section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 13 papers: "The Nature of the Public's Objections to Television Programs: An Examination of Third-Person Effects" (Guy E. Lometti and others); "An Examination of the Relationship of Structural Pluralism, News Role and Source Use with Framing in…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

255

Location registration and paging for in-building personal multi-media communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a novel mobility management scheme which is efficient for multi-media in-building mobile communication systems. Most in-building mobile communication systems will be realized in a pico-cellular structure. An in-building user mobility model to be used for designing a pico-cellular system's mobility management scheme is first established. Then proposed is a novel location registration and paging scheme which can

Takafumi Sakamoto; Eiji Kamagata; Mutsumu Serizawa

1996-01-01

256

Media, Teaching, and the Arts: It's All Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that the major cause of poor usage of the arts in instructional television is the instructor's apprehension of the arts as something "special" and incomprehensible. Communication as a common element in both art and teaching could serve as a starting point in making the arts approachable by teachers. (CMV)|

Garbett, Peggy Smith

1979-01-01

257

Social Media: Refining I.T. Communication within Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology departments in higher education often have a difficult time communicating with faculty, staff, students and alumni. Because of the vast amount of information, some of which is more time sensitive than another, it can be a challenge to get the information out to the many different types of users as quickly. After an examination of the functional and

D McGraw; Christina Griffin

2012-01-01

258

A "New World" of Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Media effects should not be thought of as either isomorphic or fragmentary. Instead, the similarities and differences between them should be studied. This approach would offer the potential to determine not only what the media effects are, but how they occur. This is possible through the discovery of patterns in research theories and findings. To…

Basil, Michael D.

259

Effects of Communication Medium on Interpersonal Perceptions: Don't Hang Up on the Telephone Yet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a social psychological perspective to study the effectiveness of different media of communication and how they influence interactions in social groups and organizations. In particular, we are interested in the social richness of the media— how effectively they convey the personalities and intentions of their users. We studied CMC (email and chat) and voice telephony, and compared

Joanie B. Connell; Gerald A. Mendelsohn; Richard W. Robins; John Canny

2001-01-01

260

Facial Media for Non-verbal Communication in Production Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We took the face, especially eye or eye gaze, into consideration for discussing the non-verbal interface media. We first proposed a passive eye-camera system based on the facial image processing such as Hough transform for iris recognition. Next we proposed a method for generating eye-contacted facial images by computer image processing for enforcing and improving the quality of facial, nonverbal

Takuma Funahashi; Takayuki Fujiwara; Hiroyasu Koshimizu

2006-01-01

261

Effects of telecommunication media upon information sharing and team performance: some theoretical and empirical observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief review of the theoretical concepts related to decision-making, group dynamics, and communication processes is presented. A psychological distancing model of electronic media is described. Issues related to the role of electronic media in networking decision-makers are highlighted. Several laboratory studies are described that show some of the effects video, audio, and computer teleconferencing can have on group interaction

A. Rodney Wellens

1989-01-01

262

Media saturation, communication exposure and HIV stigma in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV-related stigma constitutes an impediment to public health as it hampers HIV\\/AIDS control efforts in many ways. To address the complex problems of increasing HIV infection rate, widespread misinformation about the infection and the rising level of HIV-related stigma, the various tiers of government in Nigeria are working with local and international non-governmental organizations to develop and implement strategic communication

Stella Babalola; Adesegun Fatusi; Jennifer Anyanti

2009-01-01

263

Communicating Synthetic Biology: from the lab via the media to the broader public.  

PubMed

We present insights from a study on communicating Synthetic Biology conducted in 2008. Scientists were invited to write press releases on their work; the resulting texts were passed on to four journalists from major Austrian newspapers and magazines. The journalists in turn wrote articles that were used as stimulus material for eight group discussions with select members of the Austrian public. The results show that, from the lab via the media to the general public, communication is characterized by two important tendencies: first, communication becomes increasingly focused on concrete applications of Synthetic Biology; and second, biotechnology represents an important benchmark against which Synthetic Biology is being evaluated. PMID:19816796

Kronberger, Nicole; Holtz, Peter; Kerbe, Wolfgang; Strasser, Ewald; Wagner, Wolfgang

2009-10-10

264

Studies and advances on joint source-channel encoding\\/decoding techniques in flow media communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint source-channel coding\\/decoding (JSCC\\/JSCD) techniques in flow media communications have become a state-of-the-art and\\u000a one of the challenging research subjects in the spatial communication area. They have great application prospective and deep\\u000a impact in various manned space flights, satellite missions, mobile radio communications and deep-space explorations. In the\\u000a last few years, there have been influential achievements in JSCC\\/JSCD studies. This

Guofang Tu; Jianjun Liu; Can Zhang; Shaoshuai Gao; Shidong Li

2010-01-01

265

The Interplay Between Media Use and Interpersonal Communication in the Context of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors: Reinforcing or Substituting?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore how media use for health information and interpersonal health communication interact in the context of healthy lifestyle behaviors. This study hypothesizes that media use for health information and interpersonal health communication will serve as substitutes for one another. To test this hypothesis, this study uses a nationally representative survey of 2,107 civilian, noninstitutionalized adults in

Chul-joo Lee

2009-01-01

266

Communications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Communication in its many forms is a critical component for an effective Space Grant Program. Good communication is needed within individual Space Grant College/Consortia, for example between consortium affiliates and the consortium program office. Effect...

D. D. Stouffer

1990-01-01

267

The New Media and Public Communication: Can We Survive the Electronic Revolution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|John Hancock Life Insurance Company and Boston University sponsored a symposium on the new media and public communication. The keynote address by Frank Shakespeare was on the unconscious bias of network news. Three speakers discussed citizen access to information and television channels with reference to First Amendment rights and FCC…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Public Communication.

268

Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining both qualitative and quantitative approaches, this introductory text addresses media and communication research methods. Written for beginning research students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, the book is clear, concise, and accompanied by many detailed examples. Attention-grabbing dialogue begins each chapter and gives…

Berger, Arthur Asa

269

Disembodied conduct: communication through video in a multi-media office environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the following paper we disettss some findings of recent research concerning the organisation of video mediated communication in collaborative work in a dispersed, multi- media office environment. Based on the detailed, naturalistic analysis of video-recordings of individuals collaborating on various tasks through audio-visual links, we describe the ways in which the technology transforms nonverbal and verbal conduct, introducing certain

Christian Heath; Paul Luff

1991-01-01

270

Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examining both qualitative and quantitative approaches, this introductory text addresses media and communication research methods. Written for beginning research students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, the book is clear, concise, and accompanied by many detailed examples. Attention-grabbing dialogue begins each chapter and gives…

Berger, Arthur Asa

271

Prior experience and communication media in establishing common ground during collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated the nature of establishing com- mon ground during collaborative problem solving. Our goal was to investigate the following two points: (1) if the estab- lishment of common ground leads to successful problem solv- ing, and (2) how the two factors, communication experience and the richness of media, affect the establishment of com- mon ground. We

Yugo Hayashi

272

The New Media and Public Communication: Can We Survive the Electronic Revolution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Hancock Life Insurance Company and Boston University sponsored a symposium on the new media and public communication. The keynote address by Frank Shakespeare was on the unconscious bias of network news. Three speakers discussed citizen access to information and television channels with reference to First Amendment rights and FCC regulations.…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Public Communication.

273

Media, Information Communication Technologies, and Youth LiteraciesA Cultural Studies Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everyday literacy practices are changing at an unprecedented pace, and speculation as to the impact of media and interactive communication technologies on current conceptions of youth’s reading, writing, and viewing is evident on many fronts. The implications of this for teacher educators and classroom teachers are discussed.

Donna E. Alvermann

2004-01-01

274

New variable limit super high speed communication possibility for dynamic media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon author proposed multichannel multidimensional optimal grid transformation technique (-Emistical dynamic mapping) and variable Emistical super high speed dynamics, this paper analyzes variable super high speed communication for reversible and bidirectional GAMA dynamic media. The speed limit E could be between slow speed to infinite squared speed, mid-ranges being high, variable, fluctuating, constant, light speed, instantaneous speed. This limit

A. K. Gupta

1999-01-01

275

Toward an integrated framework of information and communication behavior: College students' information resources and media selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated college students' selection of information resources and engagement in information activities from the perspective of an integrated framework of information and communication behavior, by examining students' interactions with many different types of information resources and media across their school, personal, entertainment, problem solving, and other daily routines. Both web-based diaries and semi- structured interviews were used to

Soo Young Rieh; Brian Hilligoss; Jiyeon Yang

2007-01-01

276

A Framework to Identify Relationships among Students in School Bullying Using Digital Communication Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors consider school bullying using digital communication media (such as cell phones, short messaging, emails, blogs, SNS, and BBS) and create a framework whose goal is to help teachers identify whether school bullying is taking place among students. The framework proposed in this paper models interactions among students as a relationship network (referred to as a

Masaru Honjo; Toru Hasegawa; Teru Hasegawa; Koji Mishima; Tatsuya Suda; Toshikazu Yoshida

2011-01-01

277

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Part VIII: Mass Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Mass Media Effects section of the proceedings contains the following eight papers: "The Spiral of Static: A Multivariate Analysis of a Public Opinion Theory Applied to Perception of Radio Station Popularity" (Terry Wedel and Tony Rimmer); "More Than Just Talk: Uses, Gratifications and the Telephone" (Garrett J. O'Keefe and Barbara K.…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

278

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Part VIII: Mass Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mass Media Effects section of the proceedings contains the following eight papers: "The Spiral of Static: A Multivariate Analysis of a Public Opinion Theory Applied to Perception of Radio Station Popularity" (Terry Wedel and Tony Rimmer); "More Than Just Talk: Uses, Gratifications and the Telephone" (Garrett J. O'Keefe and Barbara K.…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

279

Interactive Effects of Habitual Cuing and Media Features on Evaluation: A Dual-Process Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers tend to express positive attitudes toward communication sources that reflect their predispositions toward these sources, that is, their habitual cuing. To move beyond the effects of communication sources such as advertising, word of mouth (WOM), and critical reviews, this article applies a dual-process model to determine how the interaction of habitual cuing and the media features of a movie

Shu-Yu Yeh

2012-01-01

280

Mass media and marketing communication promoting primary and secondary cancer prevention.  

PubMed

People often seek and receive cancer information from mass media (including television, radio, print media, and the Internet), and marketing strategies often inform cancer information needs assessment, message development, and channel selection. In this article, we present the discussion of a 2-hour working group convened for a cancer communications workshop held at the 2008 Society of Behavioral Medicine meeting in San Diego, CA. During the session, an interdisciplinary group of investigators discussed the current state of the science for mass media and marketing communication promoting primary and secondary cancer prevention. We discussed current research, new research areas, methodologies and theories needed to move the field forward, and critical areas and disciplines for future research. PMID:19449266

Hannon, Peggy; Lloyd, Gareth P; Viswanath, K; Smith, Tenbroeck; Basen-Engquist, Karen; Vernon, Sally W; Turner, Gina; Hesse, Bradford W; Crammer, Corinne; von Wagner, Christian; Backinger, Cathy L

2009-01-01

281

Effects of Media Coverage on Demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food safety crises usually receive widespread publicity and an extensive media coverage which evidently is mainly negative. Based on previous research, the purpose of this article is to illustrate the impact of positive and negative food safety information on demand both in the short and long term. Apparently, asymmetric effects of media coverage provoke a shift in the consumers' perception

Leef H. Dierks

2004-01-01

282

Mass Media's Effect upon Student Political Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a study which measured the effects of mass media-related instruction about political topics in elementary and secondary schools on students' political knowledge. Findings indicated that mass media, particularly television, does influence student political knowledge and that, consequently, educators should have an input into television…

Zellers, Robert W.

1979-01-01

283

Developing Effective Interpersonal Communication and Discussion Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Regardless of the content specialty--from accounting to information systems to finance--employers view effective communication as critical to an individual's success in today's competitive workplace. Most business degree programs require a business communication course to help students develop communication skills needed both in getting a job and…

Smart, Karl L.; Featheringham, Richard

2006-01-01

284

EBSCO's Communication & Mass Media Complete: An Appreciable Improvement Over Previous Communication Studies Indexing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prior edition of this study, we examined whether the established online communication studies indexes—Communication Abstracts, ComIndex, and ComAbstracts—provided a good avenue of access to the journal literature that researchers in the field cite and whether, where the current journal literature was concerned, that avenue of access might be equal or superior to that provided by large, multisubject online

David C. Tyler; Signe Boudreau; Katharine C. Potter; Misty Redinbaugh

2008-01-01

285

Internet and Social Media For Health-Related Information and Communication in Health Care: Preferences of the Dutch General Population  

PubMed Central

Background Health care is increasingly featured by the use of Web 2.0 communication and collaborative technologies that are reshaping the way patients and professionals interact. These technologies or tools can be used for a variety of purposes: to instantly debate issues, discover news, analyze research, network with peers, crowd-source information, seek support, and provide advice. Not all tools are implemented successfully; in many cases, the nonusage attrition rates are high. Little is known about the preferences of the Dutch general population regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Objective To determine the preferences of the general population in the Netherlands regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Methods A cross-sectional survey was disseminated via a popular Dutch online social network. Respondents were asked where they searched for health-related information, how they qualified the value of different sources, and their preferences regarding online communication with health care providers. Results were weighed for the Dutch population based on gender, age, and level of education using official statistics. Numbers and percentages or means and standard deviations were presented for different subgroups. One-way ANOVA was used to test for statistical differences. Results The survey was completed by 635 respondents. The Internet was found to be the number one source for health-related information (82.7%), closely followed by information provided by health care professionals (71.1%). Approximately one-third (32.3%) of the Dutch population search for ratings of health care providers. The most popular information topics were side effects of medication (62.5%) and symptoms (59.7%). Approximately one-quarter of the Dutch population prefer to communicate with a health care provider via social media (25.4%), and 21.2% would like to communicate via a webcam. Conclusions The Internet is the main source of health-related information for the Dutch population. One in 4 persons wants to communicate with their physician via social media channels and it is expected that this number will further increase. Health care providers should explore new ways of communicating online and should facilitate ways for patients to connect with them. Future research should aim at comparing different patient groups and diseases, describing best practices, and determining cost-effectiveness.

Engelen, Lucien JLPG; Berben, Sivera AA; Teerenstra, Steven; Samsom, Melvin; Schoonhoven, Lisette

2013-01-01

286

Bridging the Gap Between Media Synchronicity and Task PerformanceEffects of Media Characteristics on Process Variables and Task Performance Indicators in an Information Pooling Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines effects of media synchronicity in a group problem-solving task. The media characteristics of parallelism, immediacy of feedback, and reprocessability are varied within text-based computer-mediated communication. The hidden profile task requires groups to exchange unshared pieces of information and to integrate them. Contrary to expectations, asynchronous media characteristics do not support the production of unshared information. Furthermore, asynchronous

Stefan Münzer; Torsten Holmer

2009-01-01

287

Culture and Communication: Towards an Ethnographic Critique of Media Consumption in the Transnational Media System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The irresistible march of transnational media has given rise to widely experienced problems concerning cultural autonomy and identity. The research tradition of `cultural studies' offers a very appropriate and distinctive way of analysing these questions, especially by means of a critical ethnography of reception. The tendency in some recent reception research to celebrate `the popular' as a source of resistance

Ien Ang

1990-01-01

288

Effective Patient Communication: Improving on Medication ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Effective Patient Communication: ... Start Med Guide with description of medication, indication ... judgment about prescription medications ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

289

Effect of electronic media on children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio, television (TV), movies, video games, cell phones, and computer networks have assumed central roles in our children’s\\u000a daily lives. The media has demonstrated potentially profound effects, both positive and negative, on children’s cognitive,\\u000a social, and behavioral development. Considering the increasing exposure of children to newer forms of media, we decided to\\u000a review the current literature on the effects of

Munni Ray; Kana Ram Jat

2010-01-01

290

Bio-objects and the media: the role of communication in bio-objectification processes.  

PubMed

The representation of biological innovations in and through communication and media practices is vital for understanding the nature of "bio-objects" and the process we call "bio-objectification." This paper discusses two ideal-typical analytical approaches based on different underlying communication models, ie, the traditional (science- and media-centered) and media sociological (a multi-layered process involving various social actors in defining the meanings of scientific and technological developments) approach. In this analysis, the latter is not only found to be the most promising approach for understanding the circulation, (re)production, and (re)configuration of meanings of bio-objects, but also to interpret the relationship between media and science. On the basis of a few selected examples, this paper highlights how media function as a primary arena for the (re)production and (re)configuration of scientific and biomedical information with regards to bio-objects in the public sphere in general, and toward decision-makers, interest groups, and the public in specific. PMID:23771763

Maeseele, Pieter; Allgaier, Joachim; Martinelli, Lucia

2013-06-01

291

Media Use Habits, Audience Expectations and Media Effects in Hong Kong's First Legislative Council Election  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigates the origin of audience expectations and their subsequent role in the media use-to-effects process. It argues that a significant portion of perceptions of media is couched in people's media habits and these perceptions in turn mediate political effects attributable to mass media. Contextualized in the first Legislative Council election in Hong Kong, our analysis of data from

Zhongshi Guo

2000-01-01

292

Effects of Media on Female Body Image: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the media's influence on female body image. differentiating between the effects of print and electronic media. Results suggest that print media have a direct, immediate, and negative effect on female body image, while no such relationship exists for electronic media. Results also indicate that exploring only exposure to media images is…

Bryla, Karen Y.

2002-01-01

293

Effects of Media on Female Body Image: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the media's influence on female body image. differentiating between the effects of print and electronic media. Results suggest that print media have a direct, immediate, and negative effect on female body image, while no such relationship exists for electronic media. Results also indicate that exploring only exposure to media images is…

Bryla, Karen Y.

2002-01-01

294

Effective Risk Communication: Guidelines for Internal Risk Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents practical, how-to guidelines for management and staff of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to use in communicating risk-related information to others within the agency. Research and experience show that effective risk com...

A. Szabo J. Persensky

2005-01-01

295

Measuring engagement effectiveness in social media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social media is becoming increasingly prevalent with the advent of web 2.0 technologies. Popular social media websites, such as Twitter and Facebook, are attracting a gigantic number of online users to post and share information. An interesting phenomenon under this trend involves that more and more users share their experiences or issues with regard to a product, and then the product service agents use commercial social media listening and engagement tools (e.g. Radian6, Sysomos, etc.) to response to users' complaints or issues and help them tackle their problems. This is often called customer care in social media or social customer relationship management (CRM). However, all these existing commercial social media tools only provide an aggregated level of trends, patterns and sentiment analysis based on the keyword-centric brand relevant data, which have little insights for answering one of the key questions in social CRM system: how effective is our social customer care engagement? In this paper, we focus on addressing the problem of how to measure the effectiveness of engagement for service agents in customer care. Traditional CRM effectiveness measurements are defined under the scenario of the call center, where the effectiveness is mostly based on the duration time per call and/or number of answered calls per day. Different from customer care in a call center, we can obtain detailed conversations between agents and customers in social media, and therefore the effectiveness can be measured by analyzing the content of conversations and the sentiment of customers.

Li, Lei; Sun, Tong; Peng, Wei; Li, Tao

2012-02-01

296

Referential Communicative Effectiveness of Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of both age and task variables on the referential communicative effectiveness of 60 learning disabled elementary school children was investigated. The importance of metacognitive factors, in this case spontaneous comparison activities, in accounting for learning disabled children's communication difficulties was also examined. Ss were…

Seidenberg, Pearl L.

297

Learning, communication, and the bullwhip effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the effect of learning and communication on the bullwhip effect in supply chains. Using the beer distribution game in a controlled laboratory setting, we test four behavioral hypotheses – bounded rationality, experiential learning, systems learning, and organizational learning – by systematically manipulating training and communication protocols. We find that order variability decreases significantly in a setting in which

Diana Yan Wu; Elena Katok

2006-01-01

298

SECOND LIFE FOR ARCHAEOLOGY, DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY AND MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS EDUCATION - THREE CASE STUDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on three case studies of integrating Second Life (SL) into three disciplines: Archaeology, Digital Photography and Media and Communications. The studies are conducted by Beyond Distance Research Alliance at University of Leicester within a JISC founded research project called MOOSE: MOdelling Of Secondlife Environment (www.le.ac.uk\\/beyonddistance\\/moose\\/ ). MOOSE focuses on modelling the pedagogical aspects of student learning in

Ming Nie; Palitha Edirisingha; Matthew Wheeler

299

A multi-server video monitor system based on stream-media communication technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multi-server video monitor system based on streaming media communication technology is proposed. Large-scale, long-distance monitoring requirements have been met. The video monitor software is researched, which has the function of video restoration, proprietary protocol is used to realize video transmitting smoothly. In the part of the software programming, multi-threaded mechanism and double buffering are used to achieve real-time video

Yinjing Guo; Min Deng; Xianqing Chen; Guangshou Wu; Bin Liu; Huan Huang; Ruiduo Geng

2008-01-01

300

A Study of Media for Communicating Research Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prompted by dissatisfaction with its information procedures the research department of the Board of Education for Toronto undertook a research project to find new and effective ways of disseminating information about their studies. It was felt that the research information was of little use if it did not reach the interested consumer. Five…

Young, Vivienne; And Others

301

Communication in boundary practices - from media choice to interaction negotiation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research presented in this paper is an initial analysis of an ongoing project build on work in, what we call, boundary practices. These new professional roles emerge in the border lands between existing practice communities. This change effect knowledge production, decision making, collaboration and a range of other aspects in work. However, the study at hand focus how work

Johan Lundin; Malin Pongolini; Lars Svensson

302

Resilience in an Age of Terrorism: Psychology, Media and Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, research about the psychological effects of terrorism seems to lack pre-trauma research assessing the resilience of the civil population in the face of a terrorist threat. We have developed and tested a conceptual model on the general population in Flanders, Belgium with psychological resilience as the underlying concept. It is vital to know perceptions and behaviors to the

Verleye Gino; Maeseele Pieter; Stevens Isabelle; Speckhard Anne

303

Media Effectiveness Essentiality and Amount of Study: A Mathematical Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An in-depth investigation of the relationship between media effectiveness, essentiality, and amount of study was presented. Overall, effectiveness explains 48% of the variation in the amount of study. Students who found the media more effective studied the media more. Those media that were more effective were studied more. The relationship between…

Burt, Gordon

2006-01-01

304

The Effects of Media and Task on User Performance: A Test of the Task-Media Fit Hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was designed to examine the task-media fit hypothesis, an extension to media richness theory that predicts the objective performance of various media for a number of task types. To examine this model, dyads communicating through face-to-face, videophone, telephone (i.e., audio-only communication), or synchronous computer-mediated communication worked in a laboratory experiment to address an intellective or negotiation task. The

Brian E. Mennecke; Joseph S. Valacich; Bradley C. Wheeler

2000-01-01

305

Web Design: Elements of Effective Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid evolution of information technology over the past several decades has opened many new and unique modes of communication. Clearly, the web is one such technology. However, it is quite possible that a fascination with the technology per se can hinder participants from one of its main functions— effective communication. The following essay explores a return to the basics

Kurt Collins; Antony Coulson; Jake Zhu; C. E. Tapie; Walt Stewart

306

Effective Advocacy and Communication with Legislators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pamphlet attempts to make communicating with legislators easy. Each section includes a brief paragraph and several bullet points that present techniques or advice for simplifying communication. It begins with "Rules for Effective Advocacy," which presents a core set of basic advocacy principles, followed by "What Makes Politicians Tick?" and…

American Counseling Association, Office of Public Policy and Information, Alexandria, VA.

307

Integrating Media into the Communication Classroom as an Experiential Learning Tool: A Guide To Processing and Debriefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper shows how visual media may be used in the high school and college classroom to foster analytical, communicative, and interpretive skills traditionally developed through reading. It suggests that L. Joplin's (1985) 5-stage experiential learning model and Anita Covert's (1980) EDIT system can be used to teach a range of media. It…

Hinck, Shelly Schaefer; And Others

308

News Media's Incorporation of User-Driven Communication Platforms into News Gathering, Production, and Presentation: Credible Source or Incredible Claims?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the implications of user-driven communication platforms (i.e. social media sites, and user generated content) upon professional journalism and news. Mainstream media's incorporation of these platforms, particularly in the reporting of conflict and emergency events sans journalist-presence raise questions regarding their influence upon journalistic routines, and on media-supported 'truth-claims'. The paper explores how user-driven images and information

Amira Firdaus

309

The required intensity and media-richness of communication among strategic partners in new product development projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research draws on theories of new product development (NPD), strategic alliances, the media-richness of communication, and social networks to identify factors that impact communication among NPD projects’ strategic partners. We group these factors under five categories: alliance NPD project characteristics; industry characteristics; degree of innovativeness of the New Product; degree of competition among partners; and the mode of development

Yuosre F. Badir; Barbara Igel

2011-01-01

310

Multiple Determinants of Media Choice: The Role of Symbolic Cues and Contextual Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased availability and application of computer technology in tertiary education means students have several communication media to chose from when needing to communicate with staff. Effective communication and learning depends upon choosing the appropriate communication medium or media, however, media choice is more complex than simply matching task characteristics with media richness. Instead multiple determinants, including contextual determinants and

Bernd Irmer; Prashant Bordia

2003-01-01

311

Effects of group task pressure on perceptions of email and face-to-face communication effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adds to a growing group systems literature in the area of task-technology fit by investigating effects of group task pressure on perceptions of media effectiveness. A quasi-experiment was conducted using long-term participants in low-and high-level group task pressure treatments. Following treatment, participants rated email and face-to-face communication effectiveness on four task dimensions based on the well-known McGrath group

E. Vance Wilson; James R. Connolly

2001-01-01

312

Piezomagnetoelectric effects in anisotropic media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of stress on the magnetoelectric polarisability is represented by a fourth-rank axial magnetic tensor called the piezomagnetoelectric effect. The non-zero independent components of the piezomagnetoelectric effect have been determined for each of the 90 magnetic crystal classes using a computer.

E. K. Stefanakos; R. F. Tinder; H. V. Thapliyal

1979-01-01

313

Television News, Mexico's 2000 Elections and Media Effects in Emerging Democracies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analysis of a four-wave panel survey, we argue that exposure to television news had significant, substantial effects on both attitudes and vote choices in Mexico's watershed presidential election of 2000. These findings support the contention, implicit in some research on political communication, that the magnitude of media effects varies with certain features of the political context. In particular,

CHAPPELL LAWSON; JAMES A. McCANN

2005-01-01

314

Media Use, Face-to-Face Communication, Media Multitasking, and Social Well-Being Among 8- to 12YearOld Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

An online survey of 3,461 North American girls ages 8–12 conducted in the summer of 2010 through Discovery Girls magazine examined the relationships between social well-being and young girls' media use—including video, video games, music listening, reading\\/homework, e-mailing\\/posting on social media sites, texting\\/instant messaging, and talking on phones\\/video chatting—and face-to-face communication. This study introduced both a more granular measure of

Roy Pea; Clifford Nass; Lyn Meheula; Marcus Rance; Aman Kumar; Holden Bamford; Matthew Nass; Aneesh Simha; Benjamin Stillerman; Steven Yang; Michael Zhou

2012-01-01

315

Predicting Mass Media Effects: A Cognitive Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this theoretical working paper, an attempt is made to pull together the two areas of cognitive information processing and emotional arousal, in order to provide a fuller framework for examining media effects. The development of a cognitive-behavioral index is proposed as a research tool resulting from this merger of areas, as are a number of…

Gordon, Thomas F.

316

Communication - An Effective Tool for Implementing ISO 14001/EMS  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) received ISO 14001/EMS certification in June 2002. Communication played an effective role in implementing ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL. This paper describes communication strategies used during the implementation and certification processes. The INEEL achieved Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) and Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) Star status in 2001. ISMS implemented a formal process to plan and execute work. VPP facilitated worker involvement by establishing geographic units at various facilities with employee points of contact and management champions. The INEEL Environmental Management System (EMS) was developed to integrate the environmental functional area into its ISMS and VPP. Since the core functions of ISMS, VPP, and EMS are interchangeable, they were easy to integrate. Communication is essential to successfully implement an EMS. (According to ISO 14001 requirements, communication interacts with 12 other elements of the requirements.) We developed communication strategies that integrated ISMS, VPP, and EMS. For example, the ISMS, VPP, and EMS Web sites communicated messages to the work force, such as “VPP emphasizes the people side of doing business, ISMS emphasizes the system side of doing business, and EMS emphasizes the systems to protect the environment; but they all define work, identify and analyze hazards, and mitigate the hazards.” As a result of this integration, the work force supported and implemented the EMS. In addition, the INEEL established a cross-functional communication team to assist with implementing the EMS. The team included members from the Training and Communication organizations, VPP office, Pollution Prevention, Employee and Media Relations, a union representative, facility environmental support, and EMS staff. This crossfunctional team used various communication strategies to promote our EMS to all organization levels and successfully implemented EMS activities through VPP geographic units. In summary, the ISMS and VPP process at the INEEL provided the basic framework of management support and worker involvement to implement our EMS. A cross-functional communication team was established to facilitate the implementation with great success. Communication has been an effective tool for implementing an ISO 14001/EMS at the INEEL.

Rachel Damewood; Bowen Huntsman

2004-04-01

317

Intentional Modeling of Social Media Design Knowledge for Government-Citizen Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social media can be employed as powerful tools for enabling broad participation in public policy making. However, variations\\u000a in the design of a social media technology system can lead to different levels or kinds of engagement, including low participation\\u000a or polarized interchanges. An effective means toward learning of and analyzing the complex motivations, expectations, and\\u000a actions among various actors in

Andrew Hilts; Eric Yu

318

Millimeter Wave Propagation Modeling of Inhomogeneous Rain Media for Satellite Communications Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A theoretical propagation model that represents the scattering properties of an inhomogeneous rain often found on a satellite communications link is presented. The model includes the scattering effects of an arbitrary distribution of particle type (rain o...

R. R. Persinger W. L. Stutzman

1978-01-01

319

Communication of climate projections in US media amid politicization of model science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer models generate projections of future climatic conditions that lie at the crux of climate change science and policy, and are increasingly used by decision-makers. Yet their complexity and politicization can hinder the communication of their science, uses and limitations. Little information on climate models has appeared in US newspapers over more than a decade. Indeed, we show it is declining relative to climate change. When models do appear, it is often within sceptic discourses. Using a media index from 2007, we find that model projections were frequently portrayed as likely to be inaccurate. Political opinion outlets provided more explanation than many news sources.

Akerlof, Karen; Rowan, Katherine E.; Fitzgerald, Dennis; Cedeno, Andrew Y.

2012-09-01

320

Public and Media Communication of Volcanic Hazard Before and During the 2010 Eruption in Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 39 day long explosive eruption in Eyjafjallajökull was the largest natural hazard event in Iceland for decades. It began with a small flank eruption in March, but the main event was the explosive summit eruption. The flooding that resulted from melting of ice at the eruption site posed considerable danger for the local population, fallout of ash made conditions south of the volcano difficult for several weeks, threatening the future of farming in this rural area, and lead to unprecedented disruption to air traffic in Europe and the North Atlantic. About 800 people were evacuated in a hurry three times during these events because of imminent flood hazard, but fortunately no dwellings were damaged and people could usually return to their homes the same day. These events called for extensive media coverage, both locally and internationally. Some staff at research institutes had for several days to devote their time exclusively to giving interviews to the international media. Scientific communication with the local population was mainly conducted through four channels: (1) the web pages of institutions, (2) the national media; (3) indirectly at meetings on the status of the eruption with local and national officials, and (4) public meetings in the affected areas. In addition the scientific community issued daily status reports to the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management, these reports served both national and local Civil Protection officials when preparing their statements on the eruption and answer basic questions from the media. During media communication, it is important to stick to facts, avoid speculation and use plain language without scientific jargon. However, the most critical part of the communication occurred in the years before the eruption through meetings with the local inhabitants. At these meetings the results of a detailed hazard assessment on eruptions in Eyjafjallajökull and the neighboring ice-filled Katla caldera where presented to the communities around these volcanoes. The most dangerous hazard is large scale floods due to melting of glacier ice in eruptions. Further meetings took place where evacuation plans for areas potentially impacted by flooding were presented. These plans have been updated through dialogue with the inhabitants and a drill was held in 2006, where people evacuated their homes and moved to safer ground in nearby villages. This extensive preparation was possible not least because of very active leadership by the local chief of police, his staff and the national coordination body for Civil Protection i.e. the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management. The preparatory meetings provided a very important background for officials, scientists and the local inhabitants. Where communities are small, trust is most easily established through face to face contact at local meetings.

Gylfason, A. G.; Gudmundsson, M. T.; Jakobsdottir, S.; Reynisson, V.

2010-12-01

321

Communication Notebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A wide variety of internal and external communication methods used by the Piqua City School District (Ohio) are described. A philosophy statement is followed by descriptions of the roles of the board of education, the community, the teachers, the superintendent, and the media in an effective communications program. Among the 41 external…

Bachman, Duane

322

Social Media and the Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social media has had an undeniable effect on the way we live, work, and communicate throughout the world. Military leaders are recognizing the importance of social media and taking steps to incorporate change into their organizational cultures. This is pa...

C. Perry

2010-01-01

323

Mass media effects on sex role attitudes of incarcerated men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the impact of the mass media on sex role attitudes of men incarcerated in a maximum security prison. It seems likely that prisoners' attitudes may be shaped by the media during their isolation. There is the possibility that the incarceration experience itself may bolster any media effects and should therefore be explored. Moreover, media socialization with regard

Glenn Fisher

1989-01-01

324

Construction of a Communication Audit: An Examination of Communication Systems and Their Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of 12 papers concerning the effectiveness of various communication systems are printed here. Subjects of the papers are: the appraisal of organizational communication systems, and evaluation of ECCO analysis as a communication audit methodology, assessment of attitude and opinion change effects of the communication audit, organizational…

Peterson, Brent D., Ed.; Greenbaum, Howard H., Ed.

325

Effect of media size and mechanical properties on milling efficiency and media consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of media size and properties on milling efficiency, media wear, and power consumption will be discussed. A predictive model has been developed and was verified by analyzing results of laboratory trials in a mineral grinding application. Recent developments in high density media capabilities for a range of feed types and particle sizes will be presented.

Boris Y. Farber; Braam Durant; Nurie Bedesi

2011-01-01

326

Decline and Fall At the White HouseA Longitudinal Analysis of Communication Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

To isolate the long-range effects of Watergate media exposure per se, regression analysis was used to control for the pre-Watergate levels of political effect variables and usual levels of communication behavior. Data were obtained from a longitudinal study of younger and older voters measured during the political campaigns of 1972 and 1974 and in the midst of the Senate Watergate

Jack M. McLeod; Jane D. Brown; Lee B. Becker; Dean A. Ziemke

1977-01-01

327

Holistic Media Education: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of a College Course in Media Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a college course in media literacy. Specifically, the course took a holistic approach to media literacy and was designed to heighten college students' awareness of media structures, content, and impact, as well as to encourage students to become more critical\\/informed participants in the media environment. A pre-test, post-test,

Robert L. Duran; Bill Yousman; Kaitlin M. Walsh; Melanie A. Longshore

2008-01-01

328

Ventilatory effects of radiographic contrast media.  

PubMed

Respiratory adverse reactions have been reported with the use of contrast media. This study investigates the effects of different radiographic contrast media (RCM) on ventilation and blood gases. Tidal volume and respiratory rate of male Wistar rats anaesthetised with Inactin (100 mg kg-1 intraperitoneally), were measured continuously by integration of tracheal airflow. Contrast media (diatrizoate 370, ioxaglate 320 and iopromide 300) or mannitol controls matched for volume, pH and osmolarity (4 ml kg-1) were administered via a jugular cannula (n > or = 6 per group). Carotid artery blood was sampled at 2, 7, 12, 17, 25 and 30 min post-injection for PaO2, PaCO2 and pH. Systemic blood pressure was monitored from the same cannula. No significant reduction was observed in minute ventilation (tidal volume x respiratory rate per minute) with any of the contrast media. All contrast media and control solutions produced a fall in PaO2 within 4 min; returning to basal levels at 10 min (diatrizoate 35.6% (p < 0.05), ioxaglate 15.2% (p < 0.02), iopromide 16.2% (p < 0.01); controls: 17.3% (p < 0.01), 13.5% (p < 0.02) and 12.0% (NS), respectively). The fall in PaO2 induced by diatrizoate was significantly (p < 0.05) larger in comparison to the other groups. Ioxaglate, iopromide and their mannitol controls induced a comparable fall in PaO2. There was a concurrent rise in PaCO2 and fall in pH that reached significance for diatrizoate (p < 0.01). The changes in blood gases with RCM administration cannot be explained by changes in ventilation and may be due to an effect on pulmonary perfusion. PMID:10434908

Laude, E A; Emery, C J; Morcos, S K

1998-11-01

329

The moderating effect of mindlessness\\/mindfulness upon media richness and social influence explanations of organizational media use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although media use receives considerable attention from organizational communication scholars, empirical data fails to provide clear support for the predominant theoretical models (media richness and social influence). This study presents the construct of mindlessness\\/mindfulness as a factor that may moderate the relationship between variables from existing theory and media use behavior. Building upon the rationale that organizational tasks often require

C. Erik Timmerman

2002-01-01

330

[The pandemic of the experts in the mass media. How to create trust in public communication by acknowledging nescience and uncertainty].  

PubMed

The first influenza pandemic in the twenty-first century is an example of how public trust in expert recommendations can erode if prognostic ability of these experts is suddenly doubted in the mass media. A highly consonant pandemic alarm communicated through the mass media can later cause heightened resonance concerning the appropriateness of the same alarm. In this case a paradoxical effect can develop, in which the same media outlet first paints an overly risky picture of an unfolding pandemic only to later condemn this assessment as alarmist. Can such behavior be considered a defect of journalism? In this article I describe the circumstances under which such media dynamics and "hypes" without trust in expertise are more likely to develop: when there is nontransparent decision making; when uncertainty and nescience of expert judgments are not communicated transparently; when warnings and measures taken are not readily adapted to the evolving risk situation in reality. If these basic principles are recognized in future pandemic risk communication, long-term public trust in scientific expertise can be secured. In this way, despite a public health crisis, a long-lasting break in the credibility of sound science can be avoided. PMID:23275963

Stollorz, V

2013-01-01

331

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely remote groups present specific problems for the resident astronauts, groups of them viewed as ‘communities’, and their associated groups who remain on Earth, including mission controllers, management and astronauts’ families. Notionally feminine group attributes such as adaptive competence, social adaptation skills and social sensitivity will be crucial to the viability of space communities and in the absence of gender equity, ‘staying in touch’ by means of ‘news from home’ becomes more important than ever. A template of news and media forms and technologies is suggested to service those needs and enhance the social viability of future terraforming activities.

Babidge, S.; Cokley, J.; Gordon, F.; Louw, E.

2005-10-01

332

Fluid penetration effects in porous media contact  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contact boundary conditions at the interface between two fluid-saturated porous bodies are derived. The general derivation\\u000a is performed within the well-founded framework of the Theory of Porous Media (TPM) based on the constituent balance relations\\u000a of mass, momentum, and energy accounting for finite discontinuities at the contact surface. Particular attention is drawn\\u000a to the effects associated with the interstitial

Bernd Markert; Bohdan Monastyrskyy; Wolfgang Ehlers

2008-01-01

333

The Mediating Role of Knowledge and Efficacy in the Effects of Communication on Political Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explicates the indirect process through which news media use influences political participation. Specifically, it investigates the role of political knowledge and efficacy as mediators between communication and online\\/offline political participation within the framework of an O-S-R-O-R (Orientation-Stimulus-Reasoning-Orientation-Response) model of communication effects. Results from structural equation modeling analysis support the idea that political knowledge and efficacy function as significant

Nakwon Jung; Yonghwan Kim; Homero Gil de Zúñiga

2011-01-01

334

Campaigns, Reflection, and Deliberation: Advancing an O-S-R-O-R Model of Communication Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent communication research concerning participatory politics has found that the effects of media, especially campaign ads, conventional news, and online political resources, are largely mediated through interpersonal discussion about politics. This article extends this line of theorizing about the role of political conversation in citizen competence by testing an O-S-R-O-R model of campaign communication mediation, a modification and extension of

Jaeho Cho; Dhavan V. Shah; Jack M. McLeod; Douglas M. McLeod; Rosanne M. Scholl; Melissa R. Gotlieb

2009-01-01

335

Engaging media in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health and rights in sub-Saharan Africa: experiences and lessons learned  

PubMed Central

Background The mass media have excellent potential to promote good sexual and reproductive health outcomes, but around the world, media often fail to prioritize sexual and reproductive health and rights issues or report them in an accurate manner. In sub-Saharan Africa media coverage of reproductive health issues is poor due to the weak capacity and motivation for reporting these issues by media practitioners. This paper describes the experiences of the African Population and Health Research Center and its partners in cultivating the interest and building the capacity of the media in evidence-based reporting of reproductive health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods The paper utilizes a case study approach based primarily on the personal experiences and reflections of the authors (who played a central role in developing and implementing the Center’s communication and policy engagement strategies), a survey that the Center carried out with science journalists in Kenya, and literature review. Results The African Population and Health Research Center’s media strategy evolved over the years, moving beyond conventional ways of communicating research through the media via news releases and newspaper stories, to varying approaches that sought to inspire and build the capacity of journalists to do evidence-based reporting of reproductive health issues. Specifically, the approach included 1) enhancing journalists’ interest in and motivation for reporting on reproductive health issues through training and competitive grants for outstanding reporting ; 2) building the capacity of journalists to report reproductive health research and the capacity of reproductive health researchers to communicate their research to media through training for both parties and providing technical assistance to journalists in obtaining and interpreting evidence; and 3) establishing and maintaining trust and mutual relationships between journalists and researchers through regular informal meetings between journalists and researchers, organizing field visits for journalists, and building formal partnerships with professional media associations and individual journalists. Conclusion Our experiences and reflections, and the experiences of others reviewed in this paper, indicate that a sustained mix of strategies that motivate, strengthen capacity of, and build relationships between journalists and researchers can be effective in enhancing quality and quantity of media coverage of research.

2011-01-01

336

Virtual Team Leadership: The Effects of Leadership Style and Communication Medium on Team Interaction Styles and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the effects of transformational and transactional leadership styles and communication media on team interaction styles and outcomes. Teams communicated through one of the following three ways: (a) face-to-face, (b) desktop videoconference, or (c) text-based chat. Results indicated that transformational and transactional…

Hambley, Laura A.; O'Neill, Thomas A.; Kline, Theresa J. B.

2007-01-01

337

Comparative Cost-Effectiveness of the Components of a Behavior Change Communication Campaign on HIV\\/AIDS in North India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies show that exposure to entertainment–education-based mass media campaigns is associated with reduction in risk behaviors. Concurrently, there is a growing interest in comparing the cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions taking into account infrastructural and programmatic costs. In such analyses, though few in number, mass media campaigns have fared well. Using data from a mass media communication campaign in

Suruchi Sood; Devaki Nambiar

2006-01-01

338

Communicating Culture in the 21st Century: The Power of Media-Enhanced Immersive Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the potential of digital media technologies and new storytelling techniques in giving objects an emotional dimension and thus encouraging affective learning. The use of new immersive and participatory techniques is a means of contextualizing real objects, and perhaps a more effective way to reach diverse audiences and create…

Stogner, Maggie Burnette

2011-01-01

339

Different frames, different fears: communicating about chlorinated drinking water and cancer in the Canadian media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk issues become complicated when scientific evidence concerning a potential environmental exposure is equivocal; particularly when many argue that the public health benefits of a policy action outweigh any potential negative health effects. Chlorinated drinking water, and chlorinated disinfection byproducts (CDBPs) that are formed during the disinfection process, represent a useful case-study for examining these complications. We conduct a media

S. Michelle Driedger; John Eyles

2003-01-01

340

Short communication High speed injection of radiographic contrast media induces severe particulate contamination  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of exogenous particulate contamination during angiography, the effect of injection speed of four kinds of radiographic contrast media (RCM) was investigated. The particle count (¢10 mm) in all RCM increased in a speed-dependent manner and the increase was especially dramatic at 3 ml s21. The extent of increase in particulate matter was higher for ioxaglate than for

M HIRAKAWA; T SENDO; Y KATAOKA; R OISHI

341

Counselor Effectiveness Through Radio Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study determined the effectiveness of the use of radio as a means of providing immediate feedback on student counselors in a practicum setting. Using a non-equivalent group experimental design, 10 experimental subjects were compared to 10 control subjects with respect to counselor effectiveness. The experimental subjects were given immediate…

Tentoni, Stuart C.

342

The Variable Influence of Audience Activity on Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Audience activity in the media transaction may function to promote or to deter media effects. Facilitative activity includes selectivity, attention, and involvement. Inhibitory activity includes avoidance, distraction, and skepticism. The authors expected instrumental media motivation, selectivity, attention, and involvement to be positive predictors of satisfaction, parasocial interaction, and cultivation effects from watching daytime television serials. They expected avoidance, distraction, and

JUNGKEE KIM; ALAN M. RUBIN

1997-01-01

343

A Dependency Model of MassMedia Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that one of the reasons that there is such a lack of clarity as to whether the media have effects is that researchers have proceeded from the wrong theoretical conceptualizations to study the wrong questions. The dependency model of media effects is presented as a theoretical alternative in which the nature of the tripartite audience-media-society relationship is

S. J. Ball-Rokeach; M. L. DeFleur

1976-01-01

344

Media Influence on Citizen Attitudes Toward Police Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the 1995 National Opinion Survey of Crime and Justice (NOSCJ), this study examines the effect that media consumption has on attitudes toward police effectiveness. Media consumption consists of hours of television viewing per week, regular viewing of crime drama and primary source of crime news. Employing OLS regression, the results indicate that none of the media variables are significantly

Kenneth Dowler

2002-01-01

345

Is the Media Biased Against Me? A Meta-Analysis of the Hostile Media Effect Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable number of studies have provided empirical evidence of people's perception of media bias—the hostile media effect (HME). This study conducts a meta-analysis of 34 HME studies. HME, in which individuals perceive news coverage as biased against their own side, is observed in diverse contexts with a moderate effect size. Involvement is a moderating variable of the effect: The

Glenn J. Hansen; Hyunjung Kim

2011-01-01

346

Crisis Communication: A Commanders Guide to Effective Crisis Communication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research paper is a review of Air Force crisis communication training for commanders. As the primary spokesperson for their organization, commanders must know how to communicate during a crisis. This leads to the research question. How does the Air F...

T. M. Woodyard

1998-01-01

347

The effects of expectancies and actual communication on nonverbal adaptation and communication outcomes: A test of interaction adaptation theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided by interaction adaptation theory, this work continues a tradition of examining the relative effects of cognitive expectancies and actual communication behavior on communication outcomes. Communication relevant expectancies (pleasant versus unpleasant communication) and actual communication (high versus low involvement) were manipulated in the current experiment. Communication was a strong predictor of emotional experiences and evaluations of the communicator, and was

Beth A. Le Poire; Stephen M. Yoshimura

1999-01-01

348

Finding a happy medium: explaining the negative effects of electronic communication on social life at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sometimes observed negative social effects of electronic communication technology are often attributed to the characteristics of the technology itself. Electronic mail, for instance, filters out personal and social cues and provides new capabilities not found in traditional media, and it has been argued that these factors have consequences such as “flaming” and depersonalization. Alternative theoretical perspectives on the impacts

M. Lynne Markus

1994-01-01

349

Benefit of effective communications in disasters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper discusses what places populations in jeopardy as a consequence of disasters, especially in developing countries. It elucidates the factors that impede the effectiveness of agencies charged with disaster assistance. It gives background to the interrelationship of development, the environment, and disasters and notes of forums that are providing momentum for improving disaster communications in tandem with remote sensing for disaster applications.

Heath, Gloria W.; Winter, Alan E.

1990-10-01

350

Communication effectiveness of organizational mission statements  

Microsoft Academic Search

An empirical investigation of mission statement communication effectiveness (readability and tone) was conducted using content analysis. All Fortune 500 companies and American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) in the United States were contacted by letter asking for a copy of their mission statement. Responses were received from 218 companies and 107 universities. Of these, 135 usable mission statements

Daniel S. Cochran; Fred R. David

1986-01-01

351

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

352

Brief communication: Evaluating grandmother effects.  

PubMed

Women who have outlived child-bearing have long been described as postreproductive. But contributions they make to the survival or fertility of their descendants enhance the reproduction of their genes. Consequently, natural selection affects this characteristic stage of human life history. Grandmother effects can be measured in data sets that include births and deaths over several generations, but unmeasured covariates complicate the task. Here we focus on two complications: cohort shifts in mortality and fertility, and maternal age at death. We use the Utah Population Database to show that longevity of grandmothers may be associated with fewer grandchildren, as reported by Madrigal and Melendez-Obando (Am J Phys Anthropol 136 (2008) 223-229) for a Costa Rican sample, even when grandmother effects are actually positive. PMID:19373844

Hawkes, Kristen; Smith, Ken R

2009-09-01

353

Media Priming in a Multi-Party Context: A Controlled Naturalistic Study in Political Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates media priming effects in the context of a Summit meeting of European Union (EU) leaders. It differs\\u000a in four ways from most previous non-experimental priming studies: (1) it provides survey data accompanied by a content analysis\\u000a of the news, (2) it compares priming effects on evaluations of a number of political leaders, who differed in their visibility

Wouter van der Brug; Holli A. Semetko; Patti M. Valkenburg

2007-01-01

354

Social media and organ donor registration: the Facebook effect.  

PubMed

Despite countless media campaigns, organ donation rates in the United States have remained static while need has risen dramatically. New efforts to increase organ donation through public education are necessary to address the waiting list of over 100,000 patients. On May 1, 2012, the online social network, Facebook, altered its platform to allow members to specify "Organ Donor" as part of their profile. Upon such choice, members were offered a link to their state registry to complete an official designation, and their "friends" in the network were made aware of the new status as a donor. Educational links regarding donation were offered to those considering the new organ donor status. On the first day of the Facebook organ donor initiative, there were 13 054 new online registrations, representing a 21.1-fold increase over the baseline average of 616 registrations. This first-day effect ranged from 6.9× (Michigan) to 108.9× (Georgia). Registration rates remained elevated in the following 12 days. During the same time period, no increase was seen in registrations from the DMV. Novel applications of social media may prove effective in increasing organ donation rates and likewise might be utilized in other refractory public health problems in which communication and education are essential. PMID:23777475

Cameron, A M; Massie, A B; Alexander, C E; Stewart, B; Montgomery, R A; Benavides, N R; Fleming, G D; Segev, D L

2013-06-18

355

The Advent of E-health: How Interactive Media Are Transforming Health Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The World Health Organization estimates that half the burden of disease and disability in industrialized countries is due to behavioral risk factors like smoking, physical activity, and diet. Health communication,interventions have demonstrated,their powerful influence on a broad range of health behaviors. However, to maximize their effectiveness on a population level, it is necessary to coordinate both interpersonal and mass

Linda Neuhauser; Gary L. Kreps

356

How the relationship between the crisis life cycle and mass media content can better inform crisis communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crises are unpredictable events that can impact on an organisation's viability, credibility, and reputation, and few topics have generated greater interest in communication over the past 15 years. This paper builds on early theory such as Fink (1986), and extends the crisis life-cycle theoretical model to enable a better understanding and prediction of the changes and trends of mass media

Gwyneth Howell

357

Information Feedback and Mass Media Effects in Cultural Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of different forms of information feedback associated with mass media on an agent-agent based model of the dynamics of cultural dissemination. In addition to some processes previously considered, we also examine a model of local mass media influence in cultural dynamics. Two mechanisms of information feedback are investigated: (i) direct mass media influence, where local or

Juan Carlos González-Avella; Mario G. Cosenza; Konstantin Klemm; Víctor M. Eguíluz; Maxi San Miguel

2007-01-01

358

Information feedback and mass media effects in cultural dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of different forms of information feedback associated with mass media on an agent-agent based model of the dynamics of cultural dissemination. In addition to some processes previously considered, we also examine a model of local mass media influence in cultural dynamics. Two mechanisms of information feedback are investigated: (i) direct mass media influence, where local or

J. C. Gonzalez-Avella; M. G. Cosenza; K. Klemm; V. M. Eguiluz; M. San Miguel

2007-01-01

359

A Social Identity Model of Media Usage and Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a social identity model of media usage and effects. This model explains how the media might cultivate power arrangements (i.e., promote social stasis) on the one hand, and contribute to social change on the other. We argue that current media theories are ill-equipped to meet both of these explanatory challenges. The model integrates (1) social identity processes with

Scott A. Reid; Jessica R. Abrams

360

The Geography of Political Communication: Effects of Regional Variations in Campaign Advertising on Citizen Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores whether and how campaign-induced changes in local information environments influence citizens' everyday communication activities. The empirical analysis in this study centers on a comparison of two New Jersey media markets that showed idiosyncratic differences in the amount of political advertising during the 2000 presidential…

Cho, Jaeho

2011-01-01

361

[Social media and medical apps: how they can change health communication, education and care].  

PubMed

Social media and medical apps for smartphones and tablets are changing health communication, education and care. This change involves physicians and other health care professionals which for their education, training and updating have started to follow public pages and profiles opened by medical journals and professional societies on the online social networking sites (such as Facebook, Twitter and Google+), to access scientific content (videos, images, slides) available on user-generated contents sites (such as SlideShare, Pinterest and YouTube) or on health professional online communities such as Sermo, and to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets. As shown by a number of experiences conducted in US by health institutions such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Atlanta and hospitals such a the Mayo Clinic, these tools are also transforming the way to make health promotion activities and communication, promote healthy habits and lifestyles, and prevent chronic diseases. Finally this change involves patients which are starting to use medical and health apps on their smartphones and tablets to monitor their diseases, and tools such as Patients Like Me (an online patients' community), Facebook and Twitter to share with others the same disease experience, to learn about the disease and treatments, and to find opinions on physicians, hospitals and medical centers. These new communication tools allow users to move to a kind of collaborative education and updating where news and contents (such as public health recommendations, results of the most recent clinical researches or medical guidelines) may be shared and discussed. PMID:23748682

Santoro, Eugenio

2013-05-01

362

Time Series Analysis of Alternative Media Effects Theories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted in the Washington, D.C., area to test mass media effects in a community controversy. Five possible theories were hypothesized to explain the effects media have on a community: indirect and direct effects, null effects, agenda setting, reverse effects, and reverse agenda setting. During the 16-month test period of the British…

Watt, James H., Jr.; van den Berg, Sjef A.

363

Media Choice for Intra-School Communication: The Role of Environment, User, and Medium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The influence of media richness, media attentional load, social influence and users' prior experience with media on selection of media to transmit different messages to peers within an educational organization was tested. Media were discriminated by all potential variables. Support was found for the role of prior experience and social influence…

Caspi, Avner; Blau, Ina

2011-01-01

364

Media Selection for Marketing Communication - an exploratory study among marketing managers -  

Microsoft Academic Search

For marketing managers, decisions in media planning and consequently the media selection are becoming increasingly complex and challenging as more media options are available. This exploratory study examines the factors that guide and influence marketing managers when selecting media for their ad campaigns. The extent to which green environmental issues, advertiser-agency cooperation and the economic recession influence media selection is

Claudia A. Rademaker

2011-01-01

365

Media Choice for Intra-School Communication: The Role of Environment, User, and Medium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of media richness, media attentional load, social influence and users' prior experience with media on selection of media to transmit different messages to peers within an educational organization was tested. Media were discriminated by all potential variables. Support was found for the role of prior experience and social influence in…

Caspi, Avner; Blau, Ina

2011-01-01

366

Natural hazard communication : effectiveness and quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific, technological and methodological knowledge regarding the risks caused by natural events are in continuous evolution. A careful analysis of the communication and information, practiced by administrations and institutions involved in the decision-making processes, show a peculiar difference between the quality of the theoretical-operating level and the effectiveness of communication systems of the risk obtained. This is the level which involves directly citizens and institutions and needs, therefore, an efficacious and shared system whose aim is to inform the whole community, in a simple and clear way, during the different phases correlated to the environmental risk. The hypotesis is, in fact, to create a distinct typology of message, corresponding to each phase: • prevention of the risk > sensitization > information. If the potential risk is imminent or changes into real emergency, it is necessary to plan a communication aimed at supporting a very fast alarm to the community. • anticipation of the risk > pre-alert > information • imminence of the risk > alert > alarm • post-event /risk > information > precept and rules. The lack of a uniform and coerent planning process, both on the linguistic field (the typology of the message, iconic and verbal) and technical (the typology of supports) it is clear analysing the reference scenario in Italy. This involves the creation of deeply discordant systems which don't communicate the different typologies of risk efficaciously during distinct moments. To come to a systemic vision of the problem we proceed to collect and to obtain documentation about the "alarm" and communication systems existing in Italy nowadays. So we will have a classification of the different typologies about natural risk and communication systems related to them. The aim of this research is to propose a rationalization and a standard coding of signals. The logical conclusion of this course can be the creation of a national/international "catalogue system" which has the function of convalidating and guaranteeing the conformity of the communication in the ambit of the environmental risk. To continue the project, that has been proposed in the last year, is necessary to create a working group - with interdisciplinary expertise - to address the various issues related to the project and the definition of content spread: experts disciplinary course, but also the psychologists of perception , designers of communication, typedesigner, leading to the establishment of a system of signs (iconic and visual) that can carry useful and unambiguous messages.

Presta, A.; Sole, A.; de Luca, G.

2009-04-01

367

Beyond effects: Adolescents as active media users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an overview of the special Issue, “Adolescents Uses of Media.” The articles in the special issue are described as taking the uses and gratifications approach, which emphasizes that people make choices about the media they consume and that people differ in their interpretations of media content. The common goal of the articles is to integrate this approach with

Jeffrey Jensen Arnett; Reed Larson; Daniel Offer

1995-01-01

368

Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following essays on communication are presented: communication as a condition of survival, communication for special purposes, the means of transmission of communication, communication within social and economic structures, the teaching of communication through the press, the teaching of modern languages, communication as a point of…

Strauss, Andre

369

78 FR 1247 - Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Communication Devices, Tablet Computers, Media...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tablet Computers, Media Players, and Televisions, and Components Thereof; Institution...tablet computers, media players, and televisions, and components thereof by reason of...tablet computers, media players, and televisions, and components thereof that...

2013-01-08

370

Index/Directory of Women's Media. To Increase Communication Nationally and Internationally among Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This directory includes two sections: women's media groups, and individual media women and media-concerned women. In the first section, there are listings of periodicals, presses/publishers, news services, columns, radio-TV groups, regular programs-radio,...

1980-01-01

371

Public Opinion on Mass Media Effects: Perceived Societal Effects and Perceived Personal Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The questionnaire in a study of perceived mass media effects included nine statements about the possible negative effects of the mass media, to which respondents could agree, disagree, or indicate "no opinion," and an open-ended question that asked the subjects what effects the mass media had on them personally. Most of the 340 respondents showed…

Tiedge, James T.

372

Five Challenges for the Future of Media-Effects Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past several decades have witnessed thousands of studies into the effects of media on children and adults. The effects sizes that are found in these studies are typically small to moderate, at best. In this article, we first compare the effect sizes found in media-effects research to those found in other social and behavioral sciences, and demonstrate that small

PATTI M. VALKENBURG; JOCHEN PETER

2013-01-01

373

A Content Analysis of the Media Effects Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses attention on scholarship on mass media effects. Our purpose is to profile that effects literature in terms of specific medium tested, type of content, use of theory, use of method, and type of effect. We conducted a content analysis of the mass media effects literature published in sixteen scholarly journals published from 1993 to 2005.

W. James Potter; Karyn Riddle

2007-01-01

374

The effects of instructional media: identifying the task demand\\/media match  

Microsoft Academic Search

Task instruction may be presented in many forms. However, training system designers are often forced to depend on intuition when choosing a presentation medium. Though past research has investigated the effectiveness of instructional media types, results have been mixed with no clear recommendations of which medium to use for instruction. An organizational framework for matching the appropriate medium or media

Anne Collins McLaughlin; Wendy A. Rogers; Edmundo A. Sierra Jr; Arthur D. Fisk

2007-01-01

375

The cost-effectiveness of health communication programs: what do we know?  

PubMed

While a considerable body of evidence has emerged supporting the effectiveness of communication programs in augmenting health, only a very small subset of studies has examined also whether these programs are cost-effective, that is, whether they achieve greater health gains for available financial resources than alternative interventions. In this article, we examine the available literature on the cost-effectiveness of health behavior change communication programs, focusing on communication interventions involving mass media, and, to a lesser extent, community mobilization and interpersonal communication or counseling. Our objective is to identify the state of past and current research efforts of the cost-effectiveness of behavior change communication programs. This review makes three principal conclusions. First, the analysis of the cost-effectiveness of health communication programs commonly has not been performed. Second, the studies reviewed here have utilized a considerable diversity of methods and have reflected varying levels of quality and adherence to standard cost-effectiveness methodologies. This leads to problems of transparency, comparability, and generalizability. Third, while the available studies generally are indicative of the cost-effectiveness of communication interventions relative to alternatives, the evidence base clearly needs to be expanded by additional rigorous cost-effectiveness analyses. PMID:17148098

Hutchinson, Paul; Wheeler, Jennifer

2006-01-01

376

Interconnected communications networks and home market effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?This study develops a model of trade that highlights the effects of the interconnection of country‐specific communications networks as a driving force behind trade in high‐tech products with positive transport costs. By constructing a two‐country model of monopolistic competition with two production factors, it is shown that the locational decisions of firms may magnify the influence of interconnected networks. In

Toru Kikuchi

2005-01-01

377

Message Expression Effects in Online Social Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Framed within the O-S-R-O-R (Orientations-Stimulus-Reasoning-Orientations-Response) communication mediation framework, this study examines the bi-directional effects of personal message expression on individuals' cognitive elaboration, message learning, and attitudes when exposed to social campaign messages in blogs (anti-drunk driving). Findings from an online-based experiment, expression of personal message (yes and no), and perceived homophily to message audiences (yes and no) revealed that expressing

Elmie Nekmat

2012-01-01

378

Social-Communicative Effects of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) in Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a common treatment choice for non-verbal children with autism. However, little empirical evidence is available on the usefulness of PECS in treating social-communication impairments in autism. Aims: To test the effects of PECS on social-communicative skills in children with autism,…

Lerna, Anna; Esposito, Dalila; Conson, Massimiliano; Russo, Luigi; Massagli, Angelo

2012-01-01

379

Permeability calculation in composite media with low filler concentration: A new method of effective media theory application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new method was established to calculate the intrinsic or effective permeability in composite media with low filler concentrations. The calculation instability of Bruggeman effective media theory was avoided through a media reconstruction, and thus the prediction accuracy and calculation consistence were greatly improved. The established method has been tested in Fe/SiO2 based composite media, and its validity been preliminarily proved. This study then proposed a new way to extend the applicability scope of the Bruggeman effective media theory.

Jiang, J. T.; Zhen, L.; Wei, X. J.; Gong, Y. X.; Shao, W. Z.; Xu, C. Y.; He, K.

2009-04-01

380

The Fukushima nuclear crisis reemphasizes the need for improved risk communication and better use of social media.  

PubMed

The potential of social media has expanded far beyond the initial function of social communication among a network of friends. It has become an increasingly important tool in risk communication to allow the dissemination of timely and accurate information to global citizens to make more informed choices regarding a particular crisis. The Fukushima nuclear crisis is an example where the potential of social media was not fully tapped. This caused undue stress and distrust of authorities. While the use of social media in this crisis could have altered significantly the level of trust in authorities and others, two additional points should be considered. One point is the use of plain language versus scientific language in order to reach a wider audience. The other is an urgent need to improve public information especially in the event of a nuclear emergency and to enhance educational efforts and action by improving radiological protection communication from regulatory bodies and international agencies. These are points that also play a large role in the use of social media. PMID:22850236

Ng, Kwan-Hoong; Lean, Mei-Li

2012-09-01

381

Combining Social Media with Innovative Ways of Communicating about the James Webb Space Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In keeping with the cutting-edge nature of the James Webb Space Telescope, NASA is using a variety of social and interactive media to engage the public. While we do have a regularly updated static website, we are now also using various interactives (like Flash games and a 3D Tour of the spacecraft) to better explain what the Webb telescope is and how it works. To encourage future generations, we are a partner in an educational engineering design challenge which makes use of a virtual Second Life-like world. Additionally, the public can now watch Webb come together before their eyes by accessing our live webcam, which shows telescope hardware being built in our cleanroom. We are working to make Webb as much of a part of pop culture as the Hubble Space Telescope is. We facilitated the filming of a "Late Night with Jimmy Fallon” segment (called "Hubble Gotchu") featuring Webb and Webb scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. A visit to the highly rated sitcom "The Big Bang Theory” resulted in Webb lithos, magnets, posters, a scale model, and more being regularly featured on the set of the show. The most important aspect to creating interesting ways to engage the public is having the ability to communicate and form relationships with as many people as possible. To that end, we are using tools like blogs (e.g., NASA Blueshift) and popular social media (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr) to reach out to as many people as we can and to enable them to share and spread the content we provide.

Masetti, Margaret

2012-01-01

382

Media Literacy and the Challenge of New Information and Communication Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within both academic and policy discourses, the concept of media literacy is being extended from its traditional focus on print and audiovisual media to encompass the internet and other new media. The present article addresses three central questions currently facing the public, policy-makers and academy: What is media literacy? How is it changing? And what are the uses of literacy?

SONIA LIVINGSTONE

2004-01-01

383

Political Change in Eastern Europe and Conceptual Approaches to Media Communication: A Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses media-related changes in Russia, Poland, and Hungary since the 1980s. Reviews current media theories in the United States for their ability to guide research into media processes in these three countries. Finds that much media research has paid insufficient attention to economic forces, international relations, the state, political…

Downing, John

1994-01-01

384

Media Reputation of the Insurance Industry: An Urgent Call for Strategic Communication Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The power of the media has become a parameter for business success in recent years, as media reality – the image of reality that is created by the media – has become a key factor influencing all of a company's stakeholders. These include customers, suppliers, employees, politicians, regulators and the general public. Based on a long-term analysis of German media

Robert G Eccles; Matthias Vollbracht

2006-01-01

385

Using Personality Traits and Effective Communication to Improve Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various research studies have shed evidence on the importance of collaboration between teachers and library media specialists. Nearly every aspect of business, management in particular, requires an ability to interact effectively with others. As such, it is advantageous for the library media specialist to view the library media program as a…

Buddy, Juanita Warren

2007-01-01

386

A quantative and qualitative analysis of science communication in the greek mass media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last decade there has been increasing interest on how science is communicated by the mass media. Studies have been done in order to define the amount and the quality of science information passing from the experts to the public through newspapers, radio broadcasts and TV programs. In this study, we have tried to find the amount of science presented in 4 Greek newspapers and 4 major Greek TV channels. We've also done an initial evaluation on the quality of the newspaper science articles. The results show that the amount of scientific content in TV and newspapers in Greece, is comparable to those in larger and more scientifically advanced countries such as Canada, USA and Great Britain. The quality of the newspaper articles was studied under a simple but relevant coding scheme. The results demonstrate that scientists do not write popularizing articles but they play an important role as experts. The more serious newspapers provide more reliable information in the form of integrated articles and not as fragmentary science news. Furthermore, Greek newspapers avoid publishing articles on controversial scientific issues and they present science as abstract and authoritative.

Matsopoulos, N.; Zoulias, M.

387

The Effects of Communication Disorders on Social Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores literature on the effects of communication disorders on the social development of children. The paper discusses such topics as the effects of communication disorders on personality development, the ability to make friends and resolve conflict with peers, and academic success. It also discusses the influences of multiculturalism and bilingualism on the diagnosis of communication disorders and reflects

Heather M. Back

2010-01-01

388

Media Uses and Gratifications: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issues of how the media affect people, and what people do with the media have presented perennial and perplexing ques- tions for communication scholars. Some of the research results in these areas are more controversial than useful. Uses and gratification studies straddle the two domains of media effects and people's employment of the media. The field of gratifications research

Bernard Nnamdi Emenyeonu

389

Mass Media Effects and Black Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Black Americans' use of and belief in the credibility of the mass media is no less extensive than that of the general population. In fact, television and radio use by blacks exceeds that of whites and research shows the broadcast media to be particularly important sources of information for blacks on consumer and political affairs. But many…

Stroman, Carolyn A.

1984-01-01

390

New media: debunking the myths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article describes emerging trends in the usage of new media – internet, mobile broadband, e-commerce, internet-enabled entertainment, social networking and others – and outlines implications for commercial companies seeking to communicate more effectively with their customers and media companies seeking to develop new business models. The article includes the findings from a proprietary survey of new media

Stuart E. Jackson

2010-01-01

391

Dynamic-thermal effects in thin film media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal dynamic effects are discussed for both short write times and long storage times in thin film media. A new analytic model for coercivity versus pulse time for the entire time range is presented for planar random media. Neel-Arrhenius analysis is shown to be accurate only for times greater than about 100-1000 nsec. The effective volume in the long time

H. Neal Bertram; Xiaobin Wang; Vladimir L. Safonov

2001-01-01

392

Media ViolenceThe Effects Are Both Real and Strong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty years of research on the effect of TV violence on children leads to the inescapable conclusion that viewing media violence is related to increases in aggressive attitudes, values, and behaviors. The changes in aggression are both short term and long term, and these changes may be mediated by neurological changes in the young viewer. The effects of media violence

John P. Murray

2008-01-01

393

Media Coverage in a Community Controversy: Initial and Subsequent Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The choice of time lag between variables can affect surveys of public opinion and audience behavior, according to this report on the effects of media coverage of the controversy surrounding the operation of the supersonic transport Concorde out of Dulles Airport, near Washington, D.C. Five theories of media effects are outlined, including direct…

Watt, James H., Jr.; van den Berg, Sjef

394

Gas Flow in Porous Media With Klinkenberg Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas flow in porous media differs from liquid flow because of the large gas compressibility and pressure-dependent effective permeability. The latter effect, named after Klinkenberg, may have significant impact on gas flow behavior, especially in low permeability media, but it has been ignored in most of the previous studies because of the mathematical difficulty in handling the additional nonlinear term

Yu-Shu Wu; Karsten Pruess; peter Persoff

1998-01-01

395

The Effect of Media Advertising on Brand Consideration and Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of the effect of media advertising on brand choice is investigated in two product categories in analyses that combine household scanner panel data with media exposure information. Alternative model specifications are tested in which advertising is assumed to directly affect brand utility, model error variance, and brand consideration. We find strong support for advertising effects on choice through

Nobuhiko Terui; Masataka Ban; Greg M. Allenby

2011-01-01

396

The Effect of Online Media Credibility on Trust Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the online information credibility on trust relationships. A 2 (newspaper news and online press release) 2 (negative news and positive news) experiment was designed with 184 participants to implement the test. The results showed that media source type and news content exerted significant effects on media credibility and trust

Samsup Jo

2005-01-01

397

Effects of media burnish capability to head-disk clearance  

Microsoft Academic Search

As flying height is reduced to less than 10 nm, media morphology, overcoat, and lubricant start to have a significant effect in conditioning the head in the early stage of flying. Typical thermal pole tip protrusion (PTP) in the head writing process will further reduce the head-disk clearance and enhance the media burnishing effect on the trailing edge of the

Z. F. Li; C. Y. Chen; J. J. Liu; A. Chekanov; J. Gao; B. G. Demczyk

2004-01-01

398

The Psychology of Avatars: Real Life Effects of Virtual Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Avatars have become the major forms of media access to virtual environments. The characteristics and perception of avatars are related to the sense of presence in virtual environments. Understanding the communication and social action between users and avatars, referred to as \\

Kristine L. Nowak; Igor S. Pand; Goranka Zori; Sophia Grundnig; Thomas Petri; Christin Polzer; Nicole Sträfling; Nicole Krämer; Sabine Trepte; Leonard Reinecke; Katharina-Maria Behr

2008-01-01

399

A Mass Media-Centered Approach to Teaching the Course in Family Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching family communication is unique. However, unlike courses in small group and interpersonal communication, which illustrates communication processes in experiential settings, family communication courses cannot create "families" in the classroom. As such, film and television depictions of the family become all the more important in their…

Mackey-Kallis, Susan; Kirk-Elfenbein, Sharon

400

Effects of Communication Methods on Communication Patterns and Performance in a Remote Spatial Orientation Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experiment was conducted to examine the impact of communication methods (text-only, audio-only, and audio-plus-video) on communication patterns and effectiveness in a 2-person remote spatial orientation task. The task required a pair of participants to figure out the cardinal direction of a target object by communicating spatial information and perspectives. Results showed that overall effectiveness in the audio-only condition was

Wai-Tat Fu; Laura DAndrea; Sven Bertel

2012-01-01

401

Effective Communications in Growing Pre-IPO Start-Ups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study discusses the establishment and evolution of effective internal communications in pre-IPO start-ups, with a focus on 6 variables: employee communications, organizational structure and culture, public relations and communication models, leadership styles, decision-making approaches, and employee motivation. The qualitative study explores how these variables establish effective internal communications in growing pre-IPO start-ups. In addition, the study provides an ideal

Sonia Saini; Kenneth Plowman

2007-01-01

402

Health effects of media on children and adolescents.  

PubMed

Youth spend an average of >7 hours/day using media, and the vast majority of them have access to a bedroom television, computer, the Internet, a video-game console, and a cell phone. In this article we review the most recent research on the effects of media on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Studies have shown that media can provide information about safe health practices and can foster social connectedness. However, recent evidence raises concerns about media's effects on aggression, sexual behavior, substance use, disordered eating, and academic difficulties. We provide recommendations for parents, practitioners, the media, and policy makers, among others, for ways to increase the benefits and reduce the harm that media can have for the developing child and for adolescents. PMID:20194281

Strasburger, Victor C; Jordan, Amy B; Donnerstein, Ed

2010-03-01

403

Adaptive modulation\\/TDMA with a BDDFE for 2 Mbit\\/s multi-media wireless communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an adaptive modulation\\/time division multiple access (TDMA) system using a bi-directional decision feedback equalizer (BDDFE) and space diversity to support multi-media wireless communication systems with a bit rate of up to 2 Mbit\\/s under frequency selective fading conditions. A 7-tap BDDFE and space diversity are employed to cope with a delay time of up to 3-symbol duration.

Seiichi Sampei; N. Morinaga; Y. Kamio

1995-01-01

404

CHANGING CLIMATE, CHANGING MINDS: APPLYING THE LITERATURE ON MEDIA EFFECTS, PUBLIC OPINION, AND THE ISSUE-ATTENTION CYCLE TO INCREASE PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF CLIMATE CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

While media coverage and public discourse on climate change have increased significantly in the U.S. in recent years, it is not clear that this communication has gone beyond political elites to inspire action among the mass public. This paper applies knowledge from 30 years of literature on media effects and public opinion to the issue of climate change, examining the

Susan McDonald

2009-01-01

405

Influence of Mass Media on Body Image and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors in Females: A Review of Effects and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews research on the effects of television and magazines on body image and on disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in females. Evidence from different types of studies in the fields of eating disorders, media psychology, health psychology, and mass communication indicates that mass media are an extremely important source of information and reinforcement in relation to the nature

Gemma López-Guimerà; Michael P. Levine; David Sánchez-carracedo; Jordi Fauquet

2010-01-01

406

Mass media and adolescent minority consumers: An experiment in effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors review the research regarding minorities and media preference and usage contending that there are inconclusive\\u000a and conflicting findings and that there is a dearth of information regarding media preferences within minority populations.\\u000a The authors present the results of an experiment designed to test effective media within minority groups rather than focusing\\u000a on minority versus majority groups. Additionally the

Michael G. Harvey; Thomas E. Barry

1976-01-01

407

Media risk communication – what was said by whom and how was it interpreted  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide some insight into the level and type of media coverage that food risks received and consider the translation of press releases into media articles. Past scientific messages dealing with two food risks (Salmonella and Genetically Modified (GM) potatoes) were collected from various Irish media sources over a defined period. In addition, press

Mary McCarthy; Mary Brennan; Martine De Boer; Christopher Ritson

2008-01-01

408

Historical Development of Media Systems. I. Japan. Communication and Society 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents an insight into indigenous media forms and the introduction of modern media in Japan, and follows media development through the war and occupation to the present day. The report discusses (1) the birth of the newspaper in Japan, (2) control laws and regulations, (3) press policy under the allied forces' occupation of Japan,…

Ito, Shinichi; And Others

409

Economic Censorship and Free Speech: The Circle of Communication between Advertisers, Media, and Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anecdotal evidence of economic censorship (EC) is plentiful. It is well documented that media avoid certain topics, or even present biased news coverage, in acquiescence to advertiser demands. The result is diminished information for media users. Observers, explicitly or implicitly, have blamed the advertising industry for such “censorship.” Rather than examine just the monetary pressures placed on media, this paper

Jef I. Richards; John H. Murphy II

1996-01-01

410

Exploring Perspectives of Communications Students toward Media Access and Use: A Q Method Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to help news industry professionals and educators tailor their services to a young audience that has grown up among a plethora of media options. To better reach and educate today's up-and-coming media professionals, those in the industry need a better understanding of modern media students' perspectives of news. This study used…

Riggs, Angel Noel

2011-01-01

411

Historical Development of Media Systems. I. Japan. Communication and Society 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an insight into indigenous media forms and the introduction of modern media in Japan, and follows media development through the war and occupation to the present day. The report discusses (1) the birth of the newspaper in Japan, (2) control laws and regulations, (3) press policy under the allied forces' occupation of Japan,…

Ito, Shinichi; And Others

412

The Influence of Mass Media and Interpersonal Communication on Societal and Personal Risk Judgments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the influence of mass media, interpersonal channels, and self-efficacy on risk judgment. Confirms that mass media channels influence social-level risk judgments. Finds that personal-level risk was influenced to some degree by mass media channels and that interpersonal channels and self-efficacy account for some variance on social-level…

Coleman, Cynthia-Lou.

1993-01-01

413

Communicating population health: Print news media coverage of type 2 diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public learns much about health and health policy from the news media. The news media can shape the public's opinions about issues by emphasizing certain features in their coverage, such as the causes of a problem, who is responsible for addressing it, and what groups are affected. This study examines media framing of the problem of type 2 diabetes,

Sarah E. Gollust; Paula M. Lantz

2009-01-01

414

The Effect of Communication Inhibition on Small Group Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of high and low communication inhibition on small group interaction. Communication inhibition was identified in terms of a scale developed through the factor analysis of the Personal Report of Confidence as a Speaker--Short Form, the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension--College, and Unwillingness to…

Fenton, Raymond Joseph

415

Are Pharmaceutical Marketing Decisions Calibrated to Communications Effects?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing managers continually struggle with how to maximize the effects of an integrated marketing communications strategy. The growing number of available communication outlets, as well as highly varying competitive landscapes, adds further complexity to this challenge. This empirical study examines the differential impact within a pharmaceutical market therapeutic category where both “push” and “pull” communication strategies operate on consumers and

Erin Cavusgil; Roger Calantone

2011-01-01

416

Effective Health Communication in Native Populations in North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective communication for Native Americans living in North America and Hawaii includes taking time in conversation and providing information indirectly through story-telling, example, and metaphor. It also includes listening and using humor to build relationships through communication. Modern medical community members communicate by moving quickly in a time efficient manner to learn symptoms, make diagnoses, and relay health information to

Pamela J. Kalbfleisch

2009-01-01

417

The Social Effects of Communication Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The principal technological developments that underlie the communication revolution, especially the transistor and the computer, are reviewed in a nontechnical way. A number of devices and communication subsystems, such as cable television, ultramicrofiche, and communication satellites, that make use of these developments are then described,…

Goldhamer, Herbert, Ed.; Westrum, Ronald

418

Computing effective communication policies in multiagent systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Communication is a key tool for facilitating multiagent coordination in cooperative and uncertain domains. We focus on a class of multiagent problems modeled as De- centralized Markov Decision Processes with Communication (DEC-MDP-COM) with local observability. The planning problem for computing the optimal communication strategy in such domains is often formulated with the assumption of the knowledge of optimal

Doran Chakraborty; Sandip Sen

2007-01-01

419

Theories and Evidence: Mass Media Effects and Fertility Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop four major hypotheses for why mass media might affect fertility. These include economic and time use effects of the medium, effects of ideas on policy actions of members of the elite, general effects on population basic val- ues and fertility-specific cognitions, and effects of deliberate mass media-based interventions on fertility-related behavior. The paper examines correlational and some longitudinal

Robert Hornik; Emile McAnany

2001-01-01

420

Social Effects of Mass Media Advertising on the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the effects of media advertising on the elderly to determine whether they use the media to help combat social disengagement, whether they perceived the elderly as positively portrayed in advertising, whether they perceive their role as consumer as declining, whether television advertising reinforced sex roles, and whether the…

Smith, Ruth B.; And Others

421

Realism and Romance: The Study of Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares and contrasts two studies representing diametrical approaches (Romanticism versus Realism) toward the issue of agency and media effects: P. Willis's "Common Culture" and W. A. Gamson's "Talking Politics." Argues that both studies find that people make their own uses of media. (SR)

Tuchman, Gaye

1993-01-01

422

The Effect of Instructional Media on Learner Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Motivation is an important element required for learning. Educators have a variety of instructional media and teaching formats available to present information. Selecting a medium that motivates learners is an important consideration. This study compares the effect of different media on learners' motivation to learn. Through the use of a survey…

Rodgers, David L.; Withrow-Thorton, Beverly J.

2005-01-01

423

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Mass Media Ethics Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the effectiveness of an ethics education component in a media law and ethics course. Suggests that a short-term mass media ethics study could not develop values considered essential for ethical behavior. Argues that students developed more complexity in their reasoning not measurable by the scale. Suggests a course or module on ethics…

Lee, Byung; Padgett, George

2000-01-01

424

The Effects of Media Violence on Attitudes, Emotions, and Cognitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies mediating factors between the viewing of violent media and aggressive behavior. Discusses the role of cognitive and emotional arousal processes, and the interplay among these factors and attitudes toward aggression. Describes the effects of media exposure on arousal, emotional desensitization, and the excitement of the observer's…

Rule, Brendan Gail; Ferguson, Tamara J.

1986-01-01

425

Effective Use of Audio Media in Multimedia Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper emphasizes research-based reasons for adding audio to multimedia presentations. The first section summarizes suggestions from a review of research on the effectiveness of audio media when accompanied by other forms of media; types of research studies (e.g., evaluation, intra-medium, and aptitude treatment interaction studies) are also…

Kerr, Brenda

426

THE KNOWLEDGE GAPAn Analytical Review of Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine research evidence on knowledge gaps and to ask how strong this evidence is, particularly when amount of mass media publicity is taken into account. Many varying characteristics of 58 studies with relevant data are analyzed. Theoretical and methodological differences among the studies are pointed out, and some conclusions drawn about media effects

CECILIE GAZIANO

1983-01-01

427

Evaluating the effects of a youth health media campaign.  

PubMed

This article examines the impact of a socially oriented public health media campaign that aims to influence social indicators among adults as a means to advances in youth health outcomes. Hierarchical regression analyses are conducted on telephone survey data from 18 weekly telephone surveys of adults in Kansas. Media campaign exposure was positively associated with two outcome measures: beliefs about youth development and behaviors toward youth development. In addition, these two outcome measures increased significantly over time, with the dissemination of the campaign's television and newspaper advertisements. Furthermore, these over-time increases were present only among respondents who were exposed to the media campaign. These findings offer support for the campaign's influence on the two social indicators, which would, per other research, be expected to influence improvements in youth health. Findings are discussed in reference to previous research in the areas of public health and mass communication, with implications made for practitioners and researchers. PMID:17710595

Beaudoin, Christopher E; Thorson, Esther

428

VISUAL DISPLAYS IN COMMUNICATIONS: A REVIEW OF EFFECTS ON HUMAN PERFORMANCE AND PREFERENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Recently, the renewal of interest in video- telephones has been matched by a renewal of research in media effects in video and multimedia communications. Do people want to see the face behind the voice? Does it help if they do? Studies by psychologistsand,human,factors researchers reveal that information exchange,tasks do not show a performance advantage for adding a visual channel,

Harry E. Blanchard; Joel S. Angiolillo

429

Reciprocal Effects: Toward a Theory of Mass Media Effects on Decision Makers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents a framework for the analysis of reciprocal effects of mass media—in this case, their impact on subjects of media reports, especially on decision makers in areas of politics and business. It outlines a feedback model with three sets of variables referring to (1) media coverage and media as institutions, (2) awareness and processing of information, and (3)

Hans Mathias Kepplinger

2007-01-01

430

Effect of Cultural Norms on Media Choice in Global Virtual Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global Virtual Teams (GVT) typically includes members from culturally different countries, who differ in the views of their relation to authority, time, work ethics, and perception of communication technologies. These cultural differences play an important role in shaping both an individual member’s and a team’s preference of a particular media to be used for communication in a GVT environment. Media

Siraman Ramachandran

2005-01-01

431

Human-Entrained Embodied Interaction and Communication Technology for Advanced Media Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embodied communication system for mind connection (E-COSMIC) has been developed by applying the entrainment mechanism of the embodied rhythms of nodding and body movements to physical robots and CG characters in verbal communication. E-COSMIC comprises an embodied virtual communication system for human interaction analysis by synthesis and a speech-driven embodied interaction system for supporting essential human interaction and communication

Tomio Watanabe

2007-01-01

432

Factors Affecting Audio and Text-Based Communication Media Choice in Global Software Development Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software development as a knowledge intensive activity involves high requirements for communication and collaboration between its practitioners. In global software development, geographical, cultural and language distances bring additional challenges to communication. While text-based communication is very common in global software projects, recent improvements in telecommunications technology and network infrastructure have enabled ad-hoc audio conferencing as an economically feasible and available

T. Niinimaki; Arttu Piri; Casper Lassenius

2009-01-01

433

A Measured Approach to Adopting New Media in the Business Communication Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At each Association for Business Communication (ABC) conference the authors have attended in the past 2 to 3 years, the many presentations focusing on social networking, blogs, wikis, and various Web 2.0 technologies have captured their attention. They welcome the wonderful, new communication tools that increasingly allow people to communicate and…

Cardon, Peter W.; Okoro, Ephraim

2010-01-01

434

On new media for intergenerational communication: The case of Geriatric1927  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents preliminary results of a case study of intergenerational communication through video blogging, following a 79-year old blogger and the responses from his younger readers. An open, non-patronizing and direct form of intergenerational communication was observed, which fits into the stereotype activation model of communication framework. We report on the motivations and nature of interaction between blogger and

Victor M. Gonzalez; Sri H. Kurniawan

2008-01-01

435

Group communication and quality of task solution in a media production organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to identify “differences that make a difference” in the communication of small groups engaged in producing multimedia messages. Results indicate that the nature and frequency of the leader's communication, the relative openness of the group's communication system, and the proportionate number of members who actively participate in group activities affect the quality of the groups’ products

Nancy L. Harper; Lawrence R. Askling

1980-01-01

436

The Impact of Mass Media Health Communication on Health Decision-Making and Medical Advice-Seeking Behavior of U.S. Hispanic Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mass media health communication has enormous potential to drastically alter how health-related information is disseminated and obtained by different populations. However, there is little evidence regarding the influence of media channels on health decision-making and medical advice-seeking behaviors among the Hispanic population. The Pew 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey was used to test the hypothesis that the amount of mass media

Maria De Jesus

2012-01-01

437

The media effect in Axelrod's model explained  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revisit the problem of introducing an external global field —the mass media— in Axelrod's model of social dynamics, where in addition to their nearest neighbors, the agents can interact with a virtual neighbor whose cultural features are fixed from the outset. The finding that this apparently homogenizing field actually increases the cultural diversity has been considered a puzzle since the phenomenon was first reported more than a decade ago. Here we offer a simple explanation for it, which is based on the pedestrian observation that Axelrod's model exhibits more cultural diversity, i.e., more distinct cultural domains, when the agents are allowed to interact solely with the media field than when they can interact with their neighbors as well. In this perspective, it is the local homogenizing interactions that work towards making the absorbing configurations less fragmented as compared with the extreme situation in which the agents interact with the media only.

Peres, L. R.; Fontanari, J. F.

2011-11-01

438

Effects of school, family and alcohol marketing communication on alcohol use and intentions to drink among Thai students.  

PubMed

This study explored effects of family, school, and marketing communications on alcohol use and intention to drink of Thai students. We conducted a survey in which 5,184 students participated. Respondents were selected randomly from school districts throughout Thailand. In this survey we measured the exposure to, reception of, and perceptions concerning alcohol marketing communication, school absenteeism and achievement, family alcohol use, students' alcohol use, and drinking intentions. Findings indicated students' low alcohol use, moderate intention to drink, and high prevalence of family drinking. The levels of exposure and also the information receptivity to alcohol media marketing of Thai students were low. The respondents had a high level of media literacy on alcohol marketing communication. Multiple regression and focus group discussions provided support for the contention that there were significant effects of school achievement, absenteeism and media marketing communication on alcohol use (R2 = 14%) and intention to drink (R2 = 11%). Therefore, consideration of relevant school and alcohol policies, including monitoring of media marketing communication, will be needed. PMID:24050109

Kheokao, Jantima K; Kirkgulthorn, Tassanee; Yingrengreung, Siritorn; Singhprapai, Phuwasith

2013-07-01

439

Examining the Effects of Mass Media Campaign Exposure and Interpersonal Discussions on Youth's Drug Use: The Mediating Role of Visiting ProDrug Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

To extend past research on interpersonal communication and campaign effects, we hypothesized that anti-drug mass media campaign message exposure indirectly affects visiting anti- and pro-drug websites through targeted parent–child and friend-to-friend communication against drugs, as well as through having drug-related discussions during organized group activities. Second, we posited that engaging in anti-drug interpersonal communication indirectly affects adolescents' drug use through

Jennifer A. Kam; Chul-joo Lee

2012-01-01

440

Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking  

SciTech Connect

This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

1998-12-01

441

Audience Need for Orientation and Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a political campaign study conducted in Syracuse, New York, this article tests Blumler's argument that audience motives should be considered in uses and gratifications studies which seek to predict media influence processes. The primary research question addressed here is whether the general cognitive motive of need for orientation (a combination of political interest and uncertainty) is a

David H. Weaver

1980-01-01

442

Media as Moderator of “the Sympathy Effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

How does public opinion respond when faced with the tragic death of a political candidate in the midst of an election campaign? The concept of the sympathy vote suggests that media coverage of the tragedy and the unification of public opinion carry the party of the deceased to victory on Election Day. Yet, the emotional dynamics of public opinion may

Amy E. Jasperson

2006-01-01

443

Foundations for Effective School Library Media Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 38 articles, reprinted from "Emergency Librarian," addresses critical elements of school library media program development and implementation, organized by seven areas: foundations; the school context; role clarification; information literacy; collaborative program planning and teaching; program development; and accountability.…

Haycock, Ken, Ed.

444

Foundations for Effective School Library Media Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 38 articles, reprinted from "Emergency Librarian," addresses critical elements of school library media program development and implementation, organized by seven areas: foundations; the school context; role clarification; information literacy; collaborative program planning and teaching; program development; and accountability.…

Haycock, Ken, Ed.

445

Effects of user similarity in social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many settings in which users of a social media application provide evaluations of one another. In a variety of domains, mechanisms for evaluation allow one user to say whether he or she trusts another user, or likes the content they produced, or wants to confer special levels of authority or responsibility on them. Earlier work has studied how

Ashton Anderson; Daniel Huttenlocher; Jon Kleinberg; Jure Leskovec

2012-01-01

446

Say What? Effective communication is safe business  

SciTech Connect

Ineffective safety communication can result in injury and even cost lives. With hazards surrounding workers, such as chemicals, electrical equipment and construction machinery, adequate safety messages and training are imperative for good business. Safety communication in the workplace is so important, it’s required in Washington State. WAC 296-800-130 requires employers to have a method of communicating and evaluating safety and health issues brought up by employers or employees in the workplace. Fortunately, there are lots of resources to help employers communicate with staff.

Schlender, Michael H.

2007-11-21

447

Strong-Field Saturation Effects in Laser Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using Lamb's model, the effects of gain saturation were analyzed by strong traveling-wave fields in dilute laser media. Using approximate solutions of an integral equation for the population inversion density (PID), the index of refraction ad incremental ...

D. H. Close

1966-01-01

448

Global Communication, for the Powerful or the People? Media & Values 61.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of "Media & Values" explores the growing influence of mass media and how that influence is concentrated in the hands of a few powerful individuals or corporations. The essays present various interpretations of that influence and the implications for the world. Articles include: (1) "All Power to the Conglomerate" (Stewart Hoover); (2)…

Silver, Rosalind, Ed.

1993-01-01

449

The Strength of Strong Ties: Media Multiplexity, Communication Motives, and the Maintenance of Geographically Close Friendships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media multiplexity proposes that tie strength drives patterns of media use, more so than the reverse. This study examined connections between friendship quality, CMC motives, and relational maintenance. Participants (N = 350) completed measures of maintenance behaviors, CMC motives, friendship satisfaction and solidarity. Number of channels was weakly related to solidarity. Satisfaction and solidarity had relationships with some of the motives and

Nathan Miczo; Theresa Mariani; Crystal Donahue

2011-01-01

450

Communicating Politics: What Government Ministers and Minders think of the Media, Censorship and Privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should those who stand for elected office have a right to keep their personal lives private? Yes, say most politicians. No, say those whose business it is to investigate politicians, the journalists. The rules about the media, censorship, privacy and politics vary according to a country's culture. In Australia, most media have not probed politicians' affairs. But in Britain, journalists

Richard Phillipps

451

Mass Communication as Political Rhetoric: A Critique of Representation and Commodity Theories of Mass Media Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that contemporary rhetorical theory and research can use important insights into the nature of mass media language that representation and commodity theories cannot incorporate. Suggests that, by recognizing the rhetorical aspects of media language, scholars can legitimize the research and the dialogue that are required for the…

Shaver, Paul M.

1995-01-01

452

CONNECTING CONTENT TO COMMUNITY IN SOCIAL MEDIA VIA IMAGE CONTENT, USER TAGS AND USER COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop a recommendation framework to connect image content with communities in online social media. The problem is important because users are looking for useful feedback on their uploaded content, but finding the right community for feedback is challenging for the end user. Social media are characterized by both content and community. Hence, in our approach, we

Munmun De Choudhury; Hari Sundaram; Yu-ru Lin; Ajita John; Doree Duncan Seligmann

2009-01-01

453

Connecting content to community in social media via image content, user tags and user communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop a recommendation framework to connect image content with communities in online social media. The problem is important because users are looking for useful feedback on their uploaded content, but finding the right community for feedback is challenging for the end user. Social media are characterized by both content and community. Hence, in our approach, we

Munmun De Choudhury; Hari Sundaram; Yu-Ru Lin; Ajita John; Dorée Duncan Seligmann

2009-01-01

454

Communication Rights, Digital Literacy and Ethical Individualism in the New Media Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in European media policy have given priority to the notion that all citizens need to be digitally literate to fully participate in the emerging Information Society. Media literacy or digital literacy, it is argued, will be required to able to exercise informed choices, understand the nature of content and services and take advantage of the full range of

Brian ONeill

2009-01-01

455

THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLATERAL COMMUNICATIONS AND DELIBERATIVE DISCOURSE IN BUILDING INTERNET BASED MEDIA REFORM MOVEMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2004 election makes it clear that American politics now stands at the intersection of physical space and cyberspace. By mapping the functions of the Internet into the political realm, this paper identifies the potential for Internet-based, media reform groups to spearhead fundamental political change. These groups are critical to change because the mass media play such a large role

Mark Cooper

456

A FRAMEWORK FOR INTERPERSONAL ATTITUDE AND NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION IN IMPROVISATIONAL VISUAL MEDIA PRODUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer generated characters are now commonplace in television and film. In some media productions like the Matrix™ they feature as frequently as the real cast. A visual media that is being explored by the research community is that of real-time improvisational theatre using virtual characters. This is a non-trivial problem with many research challenges; this paper starts to address one,

D Ballin; M F Gillies; I B Crabtree

2004-01-01

457

Effects of URLs in traditional media advertising in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research examines how URLs in Chinese mass media advertising affect noticeability, perceptions and behavior among internet users and non-users. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – It uses advertising effectiveness measures to investigate the perceived effects of URLs in traditional media advertising. Six hundred and twenty-seven random telephone interviews among adult internet users and non-users were conducted in Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai.

Lynda M. Maddox; Wen Gong

2005-01-01

458

Paradox of richness: a cognitive model of media choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have long studied the effects of social presence and media richness on media choice and the effects of media use. This focus on social presence and social psychological theories has led to valuable research on communication. However, little research (either empirical or theoretical) has been done to understand the ways in which media choices influence the cognitive processes that

L. P. Robert; ALAN R. DENNIS

2005-01-01

459

Communication Planning for Effective Nutrition Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Primary health and nutrition have been linked with communication in a variety of well-publicized projects. This partnership between communication and nutrition was made necessary by the confrontation between an expanded demand for services and limited resources for meeting the demand. Senior officials have a substantial role to play in seeing…

Colle, Royal D.

460

Central Bank Communication and Policy Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

A notable change in central banking over the past 15 years has been a world-wide movement toward increased communication by central banks about their policy decisions, the targets that they seek to achieve through those decisions, and the central bank's view of the economy's likely future evolution. This paper considers the role of such communication in the successful conduct of

Michael Woodford

2005-01-01

461

On cost-effective communication network designing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How to efficiently design a communication network is a paramount task for network designing and engineering. It is, however, not a single objective optimization process as perceived by most previous researches, i.e., to maximize its transmission capacity, but a multi-objective optimization process, with lowering its cost to be another important objective. These two objectives are often contradictive in that optimizing one objective may deteriorate the other. After a deep investigation of the impact that network topology, node capability scheme and routing algorithm as well as their interplays have on the two objectives, this letter presents a systematic approach to achieve a cost-effective design by carefully choosing the three designing aspects. Only when routing algorithm and node capability scheme are elegantly chosen can BA-like scale-free networks have the potential of achieving good tradeoff between the two objectives. Random networks, on the other hand, have the built-in character for a cost-effective design, especially when other aspects cannot be determined beforehand.

Zhang, Guo-Qiang

2010-02-01

462

Correlation between Word-of-Mouth Effects and New Media: Simulations of Japanese Media Environment Using Artificial Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,This study tries to discover new correlation patterns between word-of-mouth generation and other media effects through a computer simulation model by artificial neural network. First, authors conducted an empirical consumer survey in Japan regarding purchase behaviors of compact automotives, an example of typical consumption behaviors. Authors focused on each consumer’s media contact including conventional mass media, internet media, and

Masahiko Kambe; Yuichi Washida; Yosuke Kinoshita

2007-01-01

463

[Erespal effectiveness in exudative otitis media].  

PubMed

Standard conservative treatment of exudative otitis media (EOM) was performed in 82 patients, but 44 of them received adjuvant fenspiride (erespal) in a dose 80 mg per os 3 times a day for 10 days. Dynamic pure tone audiometry, tympanometry and subjective response demonstrated higher treatment efficiency in the erespal group. Therefore, it is recommended to include erespal in combined conventional therapy of EOM. PMID:13677026

Levina, Iu V; Luchikhin, L A; Krasiuk, A A

2003-01-01

464

Effective media communication of disasters: Pressing problems and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Public health officials and journalists play a crucial role in disseminating information regarding natural disasters, terrorism and other human-initiated disasters. However, research suggests that journalists are unprepared to cover terrorism and many types of natural disasters, in part because of lack sufficient expertise in science and medicine and training. The objective of this research was to identify solutions to

Wilson Lowrey; William Evans; Karla K Gower; Jennifer A Robinson; Peter M Ginter; Lisa C McCormick; Maziar Abdolrasulnia

2007-01-01

465

Of Time and the Media: Issues of Temporality in Communication Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of temporality as a cognitive and cultural factor in communication processes has been largely neglected in communication research. However, it is possible to examine the representation of time on three levels: allocation of events or actions to categories (as in sacred time versus profane time), temporal orientation, and the content of…

Ritchie, L. David

466

Rethinking indigenous media: rituals, ‘talking’ drums and orality as forms of public communication in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current discourse on globalization has many far-reaching implications not only for African economics and politics, but also for the vital question of how we communicate in a ‘global village’. African governments and their development partners often tend to extrapolate communication models from the developed world and apply them wholesale in local environments in Africa that are quite unique. This

Aaron Mushengyezi

2003-01-01

467

Face to Facebook: Social Media and the Learning and Teaching Potential of Symmetrical, Synchronous Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social networking offers teachers and learners exciting opportunities to communicate. Web 2.0 and its synchronous communications platforms provide new avenues for teachers to deliver curriculum and facilitate learning. Further, they provide new avenues for students to engage and intensify their own learning. Being able to chat in real-time with a…

VanDoorn, George; Eklund, Antoinette A.

2013-01-01

468

Cross-Cultural Communication, Media and Learning Processes in Asynchronous Learning Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-cultural interactions across educational boundaries have been enhanced in asynchronous learning networks. The issue of cross-cultural communication is fundamental in asynchronous learning research since the learners involved have significant communication norms that are distinctly different across cultures. The influence wielded by the cultural values of individual and group learners can impact upon the learning process. Concurrently, the degree of social

Ting-ting Chang; Xiaoying Wang; John Lim

2002-01-01

469

OPPORTUNITIES OF INFORMATION - COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR PALESTINIAN WOMEN - MEDIA AND DISTANCE EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the sociocultural opportunities provided by the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Palestinian women are dwelled on. The utilization of the ICT in education has led to the development of online distance education as a new learning environment. The aim of the paper is to elaborate and discuss the status of new communication technologies in the quest

Elif Toprak; Secil Banar; Berrin Ozkanal

2009-01-01

470

Communication in Surveys: Examining Cognitive Effects in Survey Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Panel studies have frequently been used by mass communication researchers. While these studies allow researchers to draw inferences about mass communication effects over time, they also tend to sensitize respondents to the issue under study. A study was undertaken to investigate panel effects by examining the survey interview as a medium of…

Salmon, Charles T.; And Others

471

The Effects of Instructional Media: Identifying the Task Demand/Media Match  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Task instruction may be presented in many forms. However, training system designers are often forced to depend on intuition when choosing a presentation medium. Though past research has investigated the effectiveness of instructional media types, results have been mixed with no clear recommendations of which medium to use for instruction. An…

McLaughlin, Anne Collins; Rogers, Wendy A.; Sierra, Edmundo A., Jr.; Fisk, Arthur D.

2007-01-01

472

The Effects of Instructional Media: Identifying the Task Demand/Media Match  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Task instruction may be presented in many forms. However, training system designers are often forced to depend on intuition when choosing a presentation medium. Though past research has investigated the effectiveness of instructional media types, results have been mixed with no clear recommendations of which medium to use for instruction. An…

McLaughlin, Anne Collins; Rogers, Wendy A.; Sierra, Edmundo A., Jr.; Fisk, Arthur D.

2007-01-01

473

Effective Properties of Heterogeneous Media with Elastically Fixed Inclusions in Vibrational Effects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Dynamic behaviour of heterogeneous media formed with incompressible liquid and elastically fixed inclusions contained in it under vibration conditions affected liquid is considered. Effective inertial and viscous properties of such heterogeneous media are...

V. S. Fedotovskij

1984-01-01

474

Interface effects on dose distributions in irradiated media  

SciTech Connect

It has long been recognized that nonuniformities in dose distributions may occur in the immediate vicinity of a boundary between two different media. Considerable work has been done to determine interface effects in media irradiated by photons or in media containing ..beta..- or ..cap alpha..-particle emitters. More recently interface effects have become of interest in additional problems, including pion radiotherapy and radiation effects in electronic microcircuits in space vehicles. These problems arise when pion capture stars or proton-nucleus interactions produce a spectrum of charged nuclear fragments near an interface. The purpose of this paper is to examine interface effects in detail as to their specific origin. We have made Monte Carlo calculations of dose distributions near an interface in a systematic way for a number of idealized cases in order to indicate the separate influences of several factors including different stopping powers of the two media, nonconstancy (e.g., Bragg peak) in the energy loss curve for the particles, different particle spectra in the two media, and curvature of the boundary between the two media.

Wright, H.A.; Hamm, R.N.; Turner, J.E.

1980-01-01

475

Approaches to Human Communication Training: The Sociological Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since contemporary media have an undisputed effect on the shaping of the social values of society, careful training of communication media specialists is needed, as well as unified international policies for such training. In a rapidly advancing technological society, the media communicator's task is twofold: first, to firmly grasp and conquer…

Metallinos, Nikos

476

PROMOTIONAL COMMUNICATION AND REFELIXIVITY: CASE STUDIES IN THE MEDIA POLITICS AND PROBLEMATIZATION OF NEOLIBERALISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation offers a critical analysis of the media politics underlying the shift to neo-liberalism. Special attention is paid to the relationships between news media, government and corporate public relations, and social movement activism in the context of changing policy priorities that advance market-based solutions for economic and political challenges. Neo-liberalism is accounted for in terms of both its policy

Joshua L. Greenberg

2003-01-01

477

Promotional communication and reflexivity: Case studies in the media politics and problematization of neo-liberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation offers a critical analysis of the media politics underlying the shift to neo-liberalism. Special attention is paid to the relationships between news media, government and corporate public relations, and social movement activism in the context of changing policy priorities that advance market-based solutions for economic and political challenges. Neo-liberalism is accounted for in terms of both its policy

Joshua L Greenberg

2003-01-01

478

Communicating Genetics and Smoking Through Social Media: Are We There Yet?  

PubMed Central

Background Social media is a recent source of health information that could disseminate new scientific research, such as the genetics of smoking. Objective The objectives were (1) to evaluate the availability of genetic information about smoking on different social media platforms (ie, YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter) and (2) to assess the type and the content of the information displayed on the social media as well as the profile of people publishing this information. Methods We screened posts on YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter with the terms “smoking” and “genetic” at two time points (September 18, 2012, and May 7, 2013). The first 100 posts were reviewed for each media for the time points. Google was searched during Time 2 as an indicator of available information on the Web and the other social media that discussed genetics and smoking. The source of information, the country of the publisher, characteristics of the posts, and content of the posts were extracted. Results On YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter, 31, 0, and 84 posts, respectively, were included. Posts were mostly based on smoking-related diseases, referred to scientific publications, and were largely from the United States. From the Google search, most results were scientific databases. Six scientific publications referred to within the Google search were also retrieved on either YouTube or Twitter. Conclusions Despite the importance of public understanding of smoking and genetics, and the high use of social media, little information on this topic is actually present on social media. Therefore, there is a need to monitor the information that is there and to evaluate the population’s understanding of the information related to genetics and smoking that is displayed on social media.

Suggs, L Suzanne; Brand, Angela; Van Oyen, Herman

2013-01-01

479

Effect of solute size on transport in structured porous media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect of solute size on transport in structured porous media. Miscible displacement experiments were performed with tracers of different sizes [i.e., tritiated water (3H2O), pentafluorobenzoate (PFBA), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPCD)] in aggregated, stratified, and macroporous media. The breakthrough curves exhibited both early breakthrough and tailing, indicative of nonideal transport

Qinhong Hu; Mark L. Brusseau

1995-01-01

480

Effects of media ingredient substitution and comparison of growth of Flavobacterium psychrophilum among four media.  

PubMed

The etiological agent of bacterial cold-water disease, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, can cause significant losses of salmonid fishes in aquaculture facilities. Few studies describing the value of media components on the growth of F. psychrophilum are available in the literature. We therefore conducted a study that began with the standard enriched Anacker-Ordal broth (EAO) and over the course of multiple iterations evaluated the effects of various media supplements by adding or subtracting them from the base EAO medium. Different media formulations were made, and samples were removed from each broth formulation every 24 h for 72 h. From those samples we determined bacterial density by measuring absorbance values with a spectrophotometer. The medium with the highest absorbance value from one iteration was used as the base medium in the next iteration. Using this iterative approach, we determined that sodium acetate, calcium chloride, and magnesium sulfate inhibit growth and that maltose has no effect on the proliferation of the bacterium. The addition of skimmed milk (0.2%) and horse serum (1%) appears to provide a slight improvement in bacterial proliferation. Variations in agar concentration had no effect on the growth of the bacterium. Even though the addition and removal of some ingredients increased the mean absorbance values, the benefit of these substitutions was not significant. Even so, we found that the growth of F. psychrophilum in EAO was better than that in two other widely used media: tryptone-yeast extract salts and maltose infused tryptone-yeast extract salts. PMID:22779214

Oplinger, Randall W; Wagner, Eric J

2012-03-01

481

Media Effects and Effectors A Study on the Possible Effects of Media and the Intent of Future Media Effectors to Use Media to Influence Others  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost everyone watches or listens to various forms of media every day, whether this comes in the form of television, radio, print, or movies. Not only is mostly everyone exposed to media, but also the typical American spends at least several hours a day in exposure to some kind of media. All this time Americans spend watching or listening to

Danielle Bringham

2010-01-01

482

Gender role perpetuation through selective media exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of mass communication are typically found to be small (Bryant & Zillmann, 2002). In the first large synopsis of media\\u000a effects, Klapper (1960) argued that individuals tend to choose media messages that bolster pre-existing views and group norms;\\u000a hence, „mass communication will serve as an agent of reinforcement rather than conversion“ (p. 42–43). Throughout the history\\u000a of communication research,

Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick; Jule Brück

483

Integrated soft media\\/channel image communications consumer opportunities in QoS control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose exploitation of a great amount of redundancy usually communicated at the user level. A well-known soft channel decoding approach used in telecommunications is extended to a \\

Nikola Rozic; Mladen Russo; Dinko Begusic; Josko Radic

2005-01-01

484

Numerical analyses of effective dielectric constant of multiphase microporous media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides a full numerical tool set for modeling and predicting an effective apparent dielectric constant of multiphase microporous media, which includes a multiparameter random generation-growth algorithm for generating microstructures of multiphase porous media and a lattice Boltzmann solver for the electric potential transport equations through porous structures. After being validated by the theoretical solutions for simple geometries, the present methods are used to investigate the phase distribution effects on the effective dielectric constant of multiphase microporous media, including the effects of particle size, structure anisotropy, and phase aggregation caused by wetting characteristics between phases for multiphase cases. The resultant predictions at the end agree well with the existing experimental data for both two-phase and three-phase cases.

Wang, Moran; Pan, Ning

2007-06-01

485

Perceptions of Women's Communication Skills Related to Managerial Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a study designed to document empirically perceptions about women managers' communication skills and training needs, 101 managers (53 females and 48 males) responded to two open-ended questions: (1) From your observation and experience, what specific communication skills do women possess that might help promote their managerial effectiveness?…

Berryman-Fink, Cynthia

486

The Effects of Electronic Communication Support on Presence Learning Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates in the effects of using electronic communication forms in web- based environments. Following the idea of triangulation, we used qualitative methods, statistical analysis and Social Network Analyses to explore the patterns of communication within one selected case of a mixed presence\\/web-based university course. The results show that while an isolated perspective does not suffice to explain the

Andreas Harrer; Sam Zeini; Niels Pinkwart

487

Integrated marketing communications: How can we measure its effectiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a novel approach to measuring the Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) effectiveness of a company and its competitors. With the four IMC pillars (with regard to customer-centric approaches, channels, content and measurable results) as a background, a list of existing tools about measuring marketing communications is assessed. This yields the result that there is no tool that satisfies

T. Reinold; J. Tropp

2010-01-01

488

The effect of video games on family communication and interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of video games on communication and interaction between participants and their family members. These variables were measured using an online survey derived from the Family Communication Scale, the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, and the Anderson Video Game Questionnaire. A total of 480 18-year-old college students were recruited via email to complete the survey.

Dustin L. Redmond

2010-01-01

489

Focal Event, Contextualization, and Effective Communication in the Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to develop analytical tools for studying mathematical communication in collaborative activities. The theoretical construct of contextualization is elaborated methodologically in order to study diversity in individual thinking in relation to effective communication. The construct of contextualization highlights issues of…

Nilsson, Per; Ryve, Andreas

2010-01-01

490

Creating the Conditions for Effective Communication and Learning in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author believes that effective communication is an essential factor in overcoming differences and creating an environment where people can come together to learn, work, or play. Communication on the surface seems a straightforward endeavour. In practice, it is fraught with a multitude of issues that are dependent on the parties involved, who…

Scott, Monica

2008-01-01

491

Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Developing Effective Communication in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is a method that teachers can use to increase their communication effectiveness by matching their communication patterns with those of their students. The basic premise of NLP is that people operate and make sense of their experience through information received from the world around them. This information is…

Torres, Cresencio; Katz, Judy H.

492

The Significance of Congruent Communication in Effective Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective communication is the basis of developing an environment of mutual respect between students and teachers. The more congruent the communication is between students and teachers, the more likely students are to become willing participants in the learning process, and the more likely it is that the teacher can maintain a comfortable…

Brown, Dave F.

2005-01-01

493

Effective medium approach for heterogeneous reaction-diffusion media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An effective medium theory that can be used to calculate effective diffusion and reaction rate coefficients in random heterogeneous reaction-diffusion systems is described. The predictions of the theory are compared with simulations of spatially distributed media with different types of heterogeneity. The magnitude of the front velocity in bistable media is used to gauge the accuracy of the theoretical predictions. Quantitative agreement is found if the diffusion length in the heterogeneities is large compared to the characteristic width of the front. However, for small diffusion lengths the agreement depends on the type of heterogeneity. The effective medium predictions are also compared with simulations on systems with regular or temporal disorder.

Alonso, Sergio; Bär, Markus; Kapral, Raymond

2009-12-01

494

Multiple Sponsor Support for Core Facilities: Effective Communication and Collaboration  

PubMed Central

The Lerner Research Institute's core services support all investigators at Cleveland Clinic, including a group of nearly 200 research faculty and their teams, as well as clinical research groups who need access to our centralized technologies. We offer approximately 20 different types of services and instruments ranging from preparation of media and cell lines to genomics and proteomics resources. Services are also available to the greater Cleveland scientific community, with selected cores open to “external” (i.e. non-Cleveland) users as long as capacity permits. Beyond the expected technical and scientific expertise, LRI researchers rely on the cores heavily for education and advice on emerging methodologies and research trends. Core structure is kept flexible by design; annual evaluations of the demand, cost-effectiveness, staffing, and customer satisfaction for each core guide decisions about continued operation or restructuring. The LRI cores are supported in part by the Cleveland Translational Science Collaborative, by the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, and by multiple PPGs to individual investigators. Resolution of differences in objectives, policies, direction, reporting, and allowable practices among funding sources requires constant, highly effective communication. To this end, we have found that a seemingly pedestrian approach – frequent meetings, scrupulous meeting attendance and insightful, diplomatic selection of meeting participants and agendas – when used consistently and inclusively, has proven effective in resolving most conflicts and generating compromises. In the best of cases, this enlightened cooperativity can result in development of services beyond the standard core fare, such as the development of a service to distribute highly purified, elutriated human peripheral blood cells, made possible by the Clinical Research Unit Core Laboratory in collaboration with 2 PPGs and with the TTR component of the CTSC. Management of ongoing challenges that result from changes in enthusiasm, funding, or direction, requires flexibility and strong institutional support.

Colmenares, Clemencia

2013-01-01

495

Media-Specific Learning EffectsAn Empirical Study of the Effects of Television and Radio  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiment dealt with the question of the comparative learning effects of television and radio. It was determined that both of these media impart knowledge to the same extent and that the forgetting of the knowledge is not media-specific. However, emotional impressions were found to be different for television viewers and radio listeners. These media-specific emotional impressions do not change

Reinhard Helmreich

1976-01-01

496

Review of the effectiveness of video media in instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visual forms of instruction are increasingly used as a result of the widespread use of video technologies such as broadcasts, teleconferencing, tapes, videodiscs, and emerging multimedia combinations of computer and digital video technologies. The considerable amount of research that stretches back to early work with film, television, and static visual materials can be of benefit in developing these new forms of instruction. The objective is to present a review of the current research literature regarding the use of dynamic video media in instruction. Research on the following topics was reviewed: general reviews of the effectiveness, acceptance, and costs of several forms of educational television; teaching techniques used effectively with video media; combining visual and verbal information; the effects of motion, animation, and interactivity, the relationship between media perceptions and learning; the effect of various video production techniques on learning; and critical perspectives on learning from media. This review can be used as background material for future research or instructional development efforts concerned with learning from video-based media.

Wetzel, C. D.; Radtke, Paul H.; Stern, Hervey W.; Dickieson, Jan; McLachlan, J. C.

1993-04-01

497

Political Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course introduces major concepts of political communication in the era of digital media convergence. We assess the analytical force of these concepts and compare how they apply in the context of traditional mass media (television, radio, the press), and interactive online media, respectively. We review the concepts of the democratic performance of the media, mediatization, the public sphere, framing,

Kathleen Hall Jamieson; Craig Allen Smith; Stephen Bates; Jeffrey Abramson; Hugh Winebrenner; Richard Noyes; Joel Swerdlow

1988-01-01

498

Communicate!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ten chapter book is designed to provide high school students with an understanding of basic communication processes. The first five chapters include discussions of language development, function, and acquisition in relation to both human and non-human communication. The sixth chapter contains specimen linguistic analyses of speech and…

Chase, Stuart

499

Cost-effectiveness considerations in otitis media treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The costs of treatment of children with otitis media with effusion comprise a substantial part of the total health care expenditure. However, there is little information about the value of therapy expressed in cost-effectiveness terms, and disagreement still exists about optimal therapy. This article considers the elements of cost-effectiveness analysis as they pertain to treatment of young children with otitis

GEORGE A. GATES

1996-01-01

500

Effects of Cultural Exposure through Pre-Event Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of mega events on international tourism is partially a consequence of their capacity to attract an international audience through the media they obtain. While researchers have examined the effects of induced images of the event and its broadcast on destination image and interest in travel to the host country, there is scant research examining the effects of organic

B. Christine Green; So Youn Lim; Won Jae Seo; Yongjun Sung

2010-01-01