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1

Effects of the Mass Media of Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mass media are considered to be television, radio, movies, and newspapers. They may generate changes in cognition and comprehension. They do effect emotional arousal, sex and behavior identification, and changes in allocation of time, consumer purchase, and voting behavior. The only data which show a clear relationship between the mass media

Weiss, Walter

2

Effective communications strategies: engaging the media, policymakers, and the public.  

PubMed

Too often, strategic communication is too little, or comes too late, when involved with a child fatality or serious injury. This article explores the challenges arising from negative publicity around child safety issues and the opportunities for communications strategies that employ a proactive public health approach to engaging media, policymakers, and the public. The authors provide a case study and review methods by which child welfare agencies across the nation are building public engagement and support for improved outcomes in child safety while protecting legitimate confidentiality requirements. Finally, the piece articulates the rationale for agency investments in the resources necessary to develop and implement an effective communications plan. PMID:24199331

Blake, Allison; Bonk, Kathy; Heimpel, Daniel; Wright, Cathy S

2013-01-01

3

Media communications and practice  

E-print Network

Media communications and practice Essentials Courses BA (Hons) in Media and Communications BA (Hons) in Media and Cultural Studies BA (Hons) in Media Practice BA (Hons) in English and Media Studies (p76) BA (Hons) in Sociology and Media Studies (p128) BSc (Hons) in Computing for Digital Media (p58) Foundation

Sussex, University of

4

New Communication Media Technologies: Perceptual, Cognitive and Aesthetic Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual communication media technologies, particularly television, hinder rather than enhance viewer perceptual processes, understanding, and aesthetic appreciation of visual messages transmitted by means of such technologies. Emerging technologies, including high-definition, interactive, and holographic television, will not necessarily improve or…

Metallinos, Nikos

5

International Summer School in Political Communication and Electoral Behaviour (New) Media Effects on Electoral Behaviour  

E-print Network

International Summer School in Political Communication and Electoral Behaviour (New) Media Effects School will present another opportunity for 30 PhD candidates and early career academics in Communication of Milan (Italy) and the Political Communication Division of the International Communication Association

De Cindio, Fiorella

6

Effective media communication of disasters: Pressing problems and recommendations  

PubMed Central

Background Public health officials and journalists play a crucial role in disseminating information regarding natural disasters, terrorism and other human-initiated disasters. However, research suggests that journalists are unprepared to cover terrorism and many types of natural disasters, in part because of lack sufficient expertise in science and medicine and training. The objective of this research was to identify solutions to problems facing journalists and public health public information officer (PIOs) of communicating with the public during natural and human-initiated disasters. Methods To assist in identifying the most pressing problems regarding media response to health-related risks such as terrorism and large-scale natural disasters, 26 expert advisors were convened, including leaders representing journalists and public information officers, state health officials, experts in terrorism and emergency preparedness, and experts in health, risk, and science communication. The advisory group participated in pre-arranged interviews and were asked to identify and review bioterrorism educational resources provided to journalist. All advisory group members were then invited to attend a day long meeting January 29, 2004 to review the findings and reach consensus. Results The most pressing problems were found to be a lack of coordination between PIO's and journalists, lack of resources for appropriately evaluating information and disseminating it efficiently, and a difference in perception of PIO's and journalist towards each others role during emergency situations. The advisory board developed a list of 15 recommendations that may enhance communication plans betweens PIO's, journalist and the public. The solutions were meant to be feasible in terms of costs and practical in terms of the professional and organizational realities in which journalists and PIO's work. Conclusion It is clear that PIO's and journalists play crucial roles in shaping public response to terrorism and other disasters. The findings from this formative research suggest that perspectives and organizational processes often limit effective communication between these groups; though practical solutions such as participation of journalists in drills, scenario exercises, sharing of informational resources, and raising awareness at professional trade meetings may enhance the timely dissemination of accurate and appropriate information. PMID:17553153

Lowrey, Wilson; Evans, William; Gower, Karla K; Robinson, Jennifer A; Ginter, Peter M; McCormick, Lisa C; Abdolrasulnia, Maziar

2007-01-01

7

VII.C. Group Communication through Electronic Media* Fundamental Choices and Social Effects  

E-print Network

508 VII.C. Group Communication through Electronic Media* Fundamental Choices and Social Effects concern about the probable social effects (and utility) of communication through a computerized the way in which groups of people communicate? What are the most promising near future directions

Bieber, Michael

8

Communication: Methods for All Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical volume is written for the non-communications major or graduate who needs skills in writing, speaking, or using visual media, but it will be valuable to anyone who would like to communicate more effectively. The following topics are covered: the audience and the message; communication within groups; communication and social action;…

Read, Hadley

9

Media Effects and Communication Bias in Diverse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends research on factors influencing effective communication in diverse groups. The effects of social group membership on attention and influence were examined using 17 groups of three men and three women. Each group discussed a controversial topic face-to-face or using either an anonymous or an identified group support system environment. Social group membership biased both attention and influence;

Anita D. Bhappu; Terri L. Griffith; Gregory B. Northcraft

1997-01-01

10

Communications and media services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's internal and external communication methods are reviewed. NASA information services for the media, for the public, and for employees are discussed. Consideration is given to electron information distribution, the NASA TV-audio system, the NASA broadcast news service, astronaut appearances, technology and information exhibits, speaker services, and NASA news reports for internal communications. Also, the NASA worldwide electronic mail network is described and trends for future NASA communications and media services are outlined.

Mcculla, James W.; Kukowski, James F.

1990-01-01

11

Media and Communication Is Media and Communication right for me?  

E-print Network

Media and Communication Is Media and Communication right for me? If you have an interest in the way in which media affects business and society, globalisation and technology, Media and Communication can set the best out of this degree. The skills you can gain from a Media and Communication degree are wide

Harman, Neal.A.

12

Effects of Media Messages on Parent–Child Sexual Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent–child communication about sex is an important reproductive health outcome. Consistent, positive perceptions of communication by parents and children can promote behavioral outcomes such as delaying sexual debut and increasing contraceptive use. The authors investigated whether exposure to messages from the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC), a social marketing campaign to promote increased parent–child sexual communication, led to increased

W. Douglas Evans; Kevin C. Davis; Olivia Silber Ashley; Munziba Khan

2012-01-01

13

Communication Media: Properties and Uses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The memorandum defines and describes communication media; discusses the difference between information and instruction, instructional media and instructional aids; and proposes a set of criteria by means of which communication media may be distinguished f...

R. Bretz

1969-01-01

14

Effects of media messages on parent-child sexual communication.  

PubMed

Parent-child communication about sex is an important reproductive health outcome. Consistent, positive perceptions of communication by parents and children can promote behavioral outcomes such as delaying sexual debut and increasing contraceptive use. The authors investigated whether exposure to messages from the Parents Speak Up National Campaign (PSUNC), a social marketing campaign to promote increased parent-child sexual communication, led to increased children's self-reports of communication. Also, the authors examined whether PSUNC message exposure increased agreement about communication between parents and their children. In a randomized experimental design, the authors surveyed children of parents exposed and not exposed to PSUNC messages. Parents and children completed online instruments asking matched questions about sexual attitudes, beliefs, and communication. The authors matched 394 parents and children for analysis. They used ordinal logistic regression modeling and kappa statistics. Children of parents exposed to PSUNC messages were more likely to (a) report sexual communication than were those not exposed and (b) agree with their parents about extent and content. Parent-child pairs of the same gender, younger pairs, and non-White pairs were more likely to agree. Overall, PSUNC message exposure appears to have promoted more extensive sexual communication. Future research should examine behavioral mechanisms and message receptivity among subgroups of parents and children. PMID:22339275

Evans, W Douglas; Davis, Kevin C; Silber Ashley, Olivia; Khan, Munziba

2012-01-01

15

A systems-based media effectiveness framework for e-marketing communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-mediated communications have evolved to enable information interchange in highly active situations. This evolution has been reflected onto digital media towards human-based computer-mediated communication activities such as e-marketing (electronic marketing) communications. We will phrase media used in such active computer-mediated communication setups as ldquoactive mediardquo. The term active media embraces interactive, coactive, and proactive digital media. This evolution also requires

Jamil Alio; Mohammad Ibrahim; David Pickton; Marie Bassford

2009-01-01

16

January Social Media University Communications  

E-print Network

January Social Media #12;2 University Communications Presidents on social media #12;3 Ted Hattemer #12;8 Ted Hattemer @tedhattemer #12;9 INSIDE THE POLAR VORTEX* #12;10 * Using social media: · Coordinated (Buckeye Alert, osu.edu, social media have one message) · Timed to coincide with traditional media

17

Media Message Flows and Interpersonal CommunicationThe Conditional Nature of Effects on Public Opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differential effects of exposure and attention to news and of interpersonal communication on change in public opinion under the condition of one-sided or two-sided information flows. Based on Zaller’s theory of public opinion dynamics, for less politically sophisticated individuals, we expected media to influence changes in opinion under the condition of a one-sided message flow. We

Claes H. de Vreese; Hajo G. Boomgaarden

2006-01-01

18

The relationship between adolescents' news media use and civic engagement: the indirect effect of interpersonal communication with parents.  

PubMed

Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in Grades 8, 9, and 10, via an indirect effect of interpersonal communication about politics with parents. The proposed model had a good fit within each grade. News media use was predictive of interpersonal communication with parents and in turn, interpersonal communication was predictive of civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation. The cross-group comparison of the structural model suggests that the predictive qualities of news media use and interpersonal communication are comparable across grades. The role of media use and interpersonal communication in fostering civic development and socialization as well as implications for future research are discussed. PMID:22118509

Boyd, Michelle J; Zaff, Jonathan F; Phelps, Erin; Weiner, Michelle B; Lerner, Richard M

2011-12-01

19

Media Involvement and Maternal Communication Effects on Emerging Adults' Acceptance of the Traditional Sexual Script .  

E-print Network

??Little research examines the combined effects of media and parenting, particularly among emerging adults who are not university undergraduates. Cognitive involvement with media in combination… (more)

Kistler, Michelle Eileen

2011-01-01

20

[Effect of mass communication media in food purchasing at the family level].  

PubMed

The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mass media advertisement of food products (TV, radio and the press), particularly in pre-school and school-age children, as well as the concomitant impact these age groups have on the family food buying patterns. To test the hypothesis that the impact of mass media advertising on foods varied in the different socioeconomic levels of a community, a stratified sample of all children below 13 years of age, who attended the Francisco Fajardo school in the central coast of Venezuela, was drawn. Mass media contact, food and nutrition knowledge and other socioeconomic characteristics were related to the family's food-buying patterns. More specifically, the age, working status and educational level of the mother in regard to beliefs concerning the nutritional value of advertized food products, were related. A semi-structured questionnaire was designed, tested and applied to the housewife or whoever performed this role within the family. Findings revealed that families of low socioeconomic status are prone to be most influenced by mass media food product advertising. This is reflected not only in food purchasing practices but also in food consumption patterns at the family level. Chocolate drinks, cereals, jello, sausages, and ice cream are the most popular products among pre-school and school-aged children, without social class distinction. Furthermore, results revealed that the degree of exposure to mass communication media--television, radio and newspapers--is a determining factor in children's food preferences at all socioeconomic levels, and that television is the media exerting the greatest influence. PMID:3632198

Moya de Sifontes, M Z; Dehollain, P L

1986-03-01

21

Social Media QMUL Digital Communications Strategy Social Media  

E-print Network

Social Media ­ QMUL Digital Communications Strategy 1 Social Media QMUL Social Media Strategy provides staff with a framework for using social media uses social media to build relationships ­ and a strong community ­ through

Chittka, Lars

22

Communication Media in Ancient Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in early means of communication and in the uses and kinds of media that existed in ancient cultures is starting to grow among communication scholars. Conversation analysis of these cultures is obviously impossible, so that the emphasis must rest with material cultural artifacts. Many ancient cultures used non-verbal codes for dyadic…

Jabusch, David M.

23

Communication and Media Studies Communicating is something we all do on a daily basis. An  

E-print Network

. Communication and media studies offers courses that help students learn how to be effective creators and critics of communication in relationships, the workplace, the media, the political and legal spheres and organizationsCommunication and Media Studies Communicating is something we all do on a daily basis

Miles, Will

24

Interpersonal Communication as an Indirect Pathway for the Effect of Antismoking Media Content on Smoking Cessation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of health campaigns, interpersonal communication can serve at least 2 functions: (a) to stimulate change through social interaction and (b) in a secondary diffusion process, to further disseminate message content. In a 3-wave prospective study of 1,079 smokers, the authors demonstrate that mass media messages (antismoking campaigns and news coverage relevant to smoking cessation) have an indirect

Bas van den Putte; Marco Yzer; Brian G. Southwell; Gert-Jan de Bruijn; Marc C. Willemsen

2011-01-01

25

Affective responses to work process and outcomes in virtual teams : Effects of communication media and time pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyze the direct and combined effects of the communication media and time pressure in group work on the affective responses of team members while performing intellective tasks Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A laboratory experiment was carried out with 124 subjects working in 31 groups. The task performed by the groups was an intellective one. A 2 × 3 factorial

Amparo Caballer; Francisco Gracia; José-María Peiró

2005-01-01

26

Media Effects and the Active Elite AudienceA Study of Communications in the London Stock Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the impact of communications on investor behaviour and trading patterns in the London Stock Exchange (LSE). The significance of the work is two-fold. First, for many observers, the wild trading patterns that regularly occur in stock markets suggest the presence of ‘strong’ media effects in action; a finding in conflict with mainstream audience research. Second, the audience

Aeron Davis

2005-01-01

27

Effects of communication media choice on the quality and efficacy of emergency calls assisted by a mobile nursing protocol tool.  

PubMed

The transition from paper to electronic-based records in the healthcare industry has posed several challenges to conventional medical practices. The introduction of technology in day-to-day medical and nursing practices deserves careful consideration. In this work, we report the results of a controlled experiment to compare nurses' consultation in emergency calls in six different conditions. We studied the effect that the type of communication media (face-to-face, telephone, videoconference) and type of nursing protocol media (paper-based, electronic-based) can have on consultation time, mistakes made, pauses during consultation, eye contact, and efficacy of the consultation. We found that the type of communication media has an effect on consultation time; on average, fewer mistakes were made during telephone-based consultations; for eye contact, there were significantly fewer eye contacts during face-to-face than during videoconference consultations; finally, the type of communication media or protocol media did not have any effect in the efficacy of the consultation. PMID:25251859

Castro, Luis A; Favela, Jesus; Garcia-Peña, Carmen

2014-11-01

28

[Communicating research with social media].  

PubMed

Participation is the new keyword of communication. In the scientific field, communication is a very complex task that can't ignore the careful consideration of the target audience. To minimize the difficulties, it is useful to rely on storytelling: it can greatly benefit from the space offered by social media that can be used to raise awareness and to engage through the sharing of experiences. The marriage between scientific research and social media can take place, as long as you carefully reflect on the roles, strategies and appropriate tools. PMID:25229757

Bennato, Davide

2014-09-01

29

Optical wireless communication through random media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing need for high data-rate communication both through the atmosphere and the ocean (sub-sea) has stimulated considerable interest in optical wireless communication (OWC) technologies. The main advantages of OWC as compared with RF communication in the atmosphere and with acoustic communication in sub-sea applications are a) high achievable data-rate, b) small size of equipment and c) low power-consumption. On the other hand the characteristics of the communication channel in both scenarios are stochastic with high values of variance, which severely degrades OWC communication system performance. In this paper we present a tutorial discussing the effects of random media on OWC and expand on two examples: Monte-Carlo simulation for sub-sea communication and mathematical synthesis using Meijer G-function for OWC through atmospheric turbulence. These two examples demonstrate that it is possible to gain significant insights on the effects of the random channel on system performance. The results of the different analysis methods could also indicate solutions for the improvement of performance using adaptive solutions or for extending the communication range by applying a multi-hop concept. We summarize the paper with a brief review of two emerging research fields that could, surprisingly, benefit from the characteristics of light propagation through random media and its effect on the communication system performance. The first research field is trans-cutaneous OWC and the second is an unguided optical communication bus for next-generation computers.

Arnon, Shlomi

2011-03-01

30

Effects of Mobile Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before reviewing some of the key consequences of mobile communication technology, a brief discussion of how they fit within the media effects paradigm is in order. At the risk of oversimplification, we understand the media effects paradigm as a framework for understanding how mass media content influences attitudes and behavior of audience members. To be fair, it is important to

Scott W. Campbell

31

Caught Telling the Truth: Effects of Honesty and Communication Media in Distributive Negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present research, the authors varied the presence versus absence of an honest disclosure in two-party negotiations. Confederates who posed as participants and followed a script carried out the disclosure manipulation. In Experiment 1, communication mode (face-to-face vs. telephone vs. electronic mail) was crossed with disclosure, and an interaction was observed. Specifically, the remote media (phone and e-mail) were

Paul W. Paese; Ann Marie Schreiber; Adam W. Taylor

2003-01-01

32

Visual Arts and Communication, Media and Film  

E-print Network

, Humanities and Social Sciences #12;Visual Arts and Communication, Media and Film We look forward to meetingVisual Arts and Communication, Media and Film Our Visual Arts degree programs share the same core in contemporary art. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The Visual Arts and Communication, Media and Film program

33

A "Mix of Attributes" Approach to the Study of Media Effects and New Communication Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the media effects approach broadly, to point out limitations the traditional approach imposes on the field, and discusses a "mix of attributes" approach with a focus on the study of "new" technologies for the dissemination of news. Argues that the mix of attributes approach would better serve to advance both theory and empirical research…

Eveland, William P., Jr.

2003-01-01

34

Memory Processes in Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the role of memory in mediating mass communication effects. Examines (1) the nature of memory, (2) issues in retention and recall of media messages, (3) methods of promoting retention and recall of media messages, and (4) implications of memory processes for mass media effects. (PD)

Kellermann, Kathy

1985-01-01

35

The Health Communicator's Social Media Toolkit  

E-print Network

-based health messages. Social media and other emerging communication technologies can connect millions. · Empower people to make safer and healthier decisions. Integrating social media into health communication decision making. Social media also helps to reach people when, where and how they want to receive health

Klein, Ophir

36

SLAC Social Media Office of Communications  

E-print Network

SLAC Social Media March 2012 Office of Communications #12;2 Social media tools enhance our ability openness, transparency and accessibility #12;3 Pre-launch: SLAC Social Media Policy Official use: Main? Klout? Meet quarterly with social media group to get feedback, discuss new ideas and share lessons

Wechsler, Risa H.

37

Optimum Transfer Guide: Electronic Media & Communications Why Study Electronic Media?  

E-print Network

, and writing to provide a broad and thor- ough liberal arts education. Why Study EM&C at Texas Tech. Graduate Education The College of Mass Communications offers both the Masters of Arts and the DoctorOptimum Transfer Guide: Electronic Media & Communications Why Study Electronic Media

Gelfond, Michael

38

Graduate Certificate in Communication and New Media The Graduate Certificate in Communication and New Media emphasizes theory, production,  

E-print Network

Graduate Certificate in Communication and New Media The Graduate Certificate in Communication and New Media emphasizes theory, production, and application of new media: COM 5280: New Media Practices (3 cr) COM 6270: New Media Theory (3 cr

Berdichevsky, Victor

39

Communication media selection in buyer-supplier relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In successful purchasing relationships, effective communication is a key factor. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether the choice of communication media is affected by different stages in the relationship development process and by different purchasing contexts: product and service purchasing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study initially reviews the literature on inter-organizational communication and purchasing relationships. In

Eamonn Ambrose; Donna Marshall; Brian Fynes; Daniel Lynch

2008-01-01

40

NEW MEDIA LITERACY communication for sustainability  

E-print Network

1 NEW MEDIA LITERACY communication for sustainability John Blewitt, Director of Lifelong Learning - its habitats and peoples - is derived from new and traditional media, it is imperative that any notion of sustainability literacy is connected with ongoing work on media literacy. Many individuals and virtually every

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

41

Teens and alcohol: A consumer behavior analysis of interpersonal communication and mass media effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate a health and public policy issue in terms of consumer behavior and communication theories. The Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) provided the foundation for studying social marketing and liquor industry advertising with interpersonal communication between a teen and peers, a teen and parents and a teen and other adults with alcohol consumption

Tanuja R Sheth

2003-01-01

42

Artistic Communication Using Digital Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication is not only to exchange logical information but also to exchange emotional information. Therefore, communication could develop into both complex and artistic forms. Humans interact in both manners depending on the culture and environment as evident in the past. One example is the Japanese communication method established on the exchange of short poems called Waka, which was popular among

Ryohei Nakatsu; Chamari Edirisinghe

2011-01-01

43

Individual creativity in teams: The importance of communication media mix  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use compensatory adaptation and dual coding theories to explore the effects of communication media use on creativity. Our field study results show that high levels of self-esteem and information-based demographic differences positively influence creativity. Social category differences negatively influence creativity. Communication media mix is an important moderator, improving the relationship of self-esteem and social category demographic differences with creativity

Sherry M. B. Thatcher; Susan A. Brown

2010-01-01

44

Media effect in commercial sponsorship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various elements of brand identity contribute to brand image development; however, the role of marketing communications is particularly important in achieving brand image effects. In the case of advertising, two separate elements of communications, a message and a medium, combine to deliver particular brand image values. In the case of sponsorship both the message and media elements are not separate,

Tony Meenaghan; David Shipley

1999-01-01

45

Political Communication —Old and New Media Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects upon the ways television changed the political landscape and considers how far new media, such as the Internet, are displacing television or reconfiguring the political communications ecology. The analysis explores opportunities and challenges facing media producers, politicians, and citizens. The authors conclude by suggesting that the television-politics relationship that emerged in the 1960s still prevails to some

Michael Gurevitch; Stephen Coleman; Jay G. Blumler

2009-01-01

46

ParticipatoryCommunication?? withSocialMedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major museums worldwide are starting to use social media such as blogs, podcasts and content shares to engage users via participatory communication. 1 This marks a shift in how museums publicly communicate their role as custodians of cultural content and so presents debate around an institution's attitude towards cultural authority. It also signifies a new possible direction for museum learning.

Angelina Russo; Jerry Watkins; Lynda Kelly

47

Marching Toward the Metaverse; Strategic Communication Through the New Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traditional models representing how messages are communicated through traditional media are inappropriate for depicting how they are communicated (or, rather, exchanged) through the new media. The former depict monologic (one-to-many) communication flows,...

T. C. Cunningham

2010-01-01

48

Marching Toward the Metaverse: Strategic Communication Through the New Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Traditional models representing how messages are communicated through traditional media are inappropriate for depicting how they are communicated (or, rather, exchanged) through the new media. The former depict monologic (one-to-many) communication flows,...

T. C. Cunningham

2010-01-01

49

Local Media Mapping in Media and Communications Studies: The Brisbane Media Map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attends to two key policy issues in the media and communications sector, and focuses on an innovative case study through which both are being addressed. The case study here is the Brisbane Media Map (http:\\/\\/bmm.qut.edu.au), a student- produced online directory of the Brisbane area's media and communications industry and services. The Brisbane Media Map (BMM), now in its

Christy Collis

50

The Internet as a New Medium for the Sciences? The Effects of Internet Use on Traditional Scientific Communication Media among Social Scientists in Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses media of scientific communication used for research and publication, focusing on the Internet as medium. Describe a study of German social scientists that investigated the relationship between the Internet and other scientific communication media, including how scientists use the Internet for publication as well as for communication.…

Eisend, Martin

2002-01-01

51

Effectiveness of a National Media Campaign to Promote Parent-Child Communication about Sex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Although there is debate on the effectiveness of youth-focused abstinence education programs, research confirms that parents can influence their children’s decisions about sexual behavior. To leverage parent-based approaches to adolescent sexual health, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services launched the "Parents Speak Up…

Davis, Kevin C.; Evans, W. Douglas; Kamyab, Kian

2013-01-01

52

Dictating Modes of Communication: How Communication Media Usage Norms Limit Freedom of Expression in Virtual Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined communication selection within virtual organizations and the effects of these media. The subjects, who were 681 participants from 3 separate virtual organizations that used face-to-face communication, telephone, documents, voice mail, and electronic mail, completed a survey instrument. Follow-up interviews were conducted with key…

Mayer-Guell, Ann M.

53

Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Communication, Media, and Film  

E-print Network

media theory and production, communication theory and research methods, media literacy, and popular to develop not only lifelong skills but also lifelong friendships. Admission Requirements Minimum average

54

Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Communication, Media, and Film  

E-print Network

media theory and production, communication theory and research methods, media literacy, and popular the opportunity to develop not only lifelong skills but also lifelong friendships. Admission Requirements Minimum

55

Helen Nissenbaum Media, Culture, & Communication; Computer Science  

E-print Network

1 Helen Nissenbaum Media, Culture, & Communication; Computer Science New York University Presented on landowners' rights depend at least in part on features of real property, so we would expect website owners and the "positive network externalities of the digital commons." I'm sure I've heard that phrase before! When you

Nissenbaum, Helen

56

Media Contact Annette Gallagher, UM Communications  

E-print Network

Media Contact Annette Gallagher, UM Communications a.gallagher1@umiami.edu or 305.284.5500 LOWE ART including the influence of China and Korea on Japan during this crucial time frame; the role of the artist, and the Museum is free for Lowe members, University of Miami students, faculty and staff, and children under 12

Shyu, Mei-Ling

57

Social Media Adoption Among University Communicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long interviews were conducted with university communicators at 2 distant universities with distinct social systems. Participants were drawn to adopt social media mainly by relative advantage, compatibility, and trialability attributes of the innovation. Inductive themes that emerged from the interviews included an emphasis on publics, information sharing, cost, and convenience. A believer–nonbeliever distinction among adopters is introduced. Believers are driven

Tom Kelleher; Kaye Sweetser

2012-01-01

58

Drama and Communication, Media and Film  

E-print Network

and production processes Experiential Learning Drama and Communication, Media and Film includes opportunities Centre is here to help you with such things as adding, dropping, or withdrawing from a course, discussing � Teacher (with additional studies) � Director � Television and video production and post

59

Drama and Communication, Media and Film  

E-print Network

and production processes Experiential Learning Drama and Communication, Media and Film includes opportunities is here to help you with such things as adding, dropping, or withdrawing from a course, discussing · Teacher (with additional studies) · Director · Television and video production and post

60

Who is my audience, what is my message, and know my reporters deadline: How to be more effective communicating with the media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the United States where most scientists receive their research support from federal funds, scientists need to expand their audience beyond their peers and consider the taxpayers, too. The media can play an important conduit for scientists and the lay public. However, many scientists do not do the best public relations jobs for their profession. We talk very well with each other and not very well with almost anyone else. We need to learn to avoid jargon, communicate our results more clearly, and examine the relationship between communication techniques and how to assess the outcomes. Scientists assess outcome based only on factual accuracy. Journalists assess their results based on accuracy and storycraft. In my experiences interacting with the media during various oil spills as well as training from the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program, I will discuss how scientists can be more effective when communicating with the media. First, scientists need to understand who their audience is and what their educational background is. In addition, it is important to stay on message and have only one message per interaction with a member of the media. That is, do not confuse a reporter with the results from one study when he or she is really interested in another story or just looking for background information. Last, scientists must understand that the media must often publish their stories with deadlines having timescales of hours and not months or years, hence it is important to be brief and to promptly return phone calls and emails. Hopefully, such efforts between scientists and the media will lead to a more scientifically informed public.

Reddy, C. M.

2006-12-01

61

MOBILITY, MEDIA, AND EVERYDAY LIFE - AN INTERDISZIPLINARY FRAMEWORK FOR COMMUNICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication technologies have become a natural and important part of people's everyday life. Since mobile media have the potential to accompany its user everywhere, they can be part of almost every situation. For that reason communication research should focus on the impact mobile media usage has on existing (media) situations or formulated as a research question: How do mobile media

Christine Dietmar; Georg F. Kircher; Isabel Schlote

62

Children Using Audiovisual Media for Communication: A New Language?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives an overview of the Schools Council Communication and Social Skills Project at Brighton Polytechnic in which children ages 9-17 have developed and used audiovisual media such as films, tape-slides, or television programs in the classroom. The effects of audiovisual language on education are briefly discussed. (JJD)

Weiss, Michael

1982-01-01

63

The relationship between adolescents’ news media use and civic engagement: The indirect effect of interpersonal communication with parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in Grades 8, 9, and 10, via an indirect effect of

Michelle J. Boyd; Jonathan F. Zaff; Erin Phelps; Richard M. Lerner

64

Media Attention, Media Exposure, and Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study finds that audience exposure and attention to three media—newspapers, television news, and radio news—are separate dimensions, based on a telephone survey of 234 individuals 18 years old and up in Bloomington, Indiana. The relationships among exposure and attention and knowledge gain, opinion direction, opinion strength, and actual behavior are less clear, although there is evidence that newspapers are

Dan Drew; David Weaver

1990-01-01

65

Strategic Communication in the New Media Sphere.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Government continues to seek a comprehensive, effective communication strategy through which it may project and promote American interests, policies, and objectives abroad. Many believe that the government and military have been outcommunicated s...

T. Cunningham

2010-01-01

66

Communicating Effectively PDF  

Cancer.gov

Effective communication is essential for the delivery of quality cancer palliative care. And yet, healthcare providers often lack the skills to communicate effectively with their patients and families.

67

Media effect in commercial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keywords Brand identity, Brand image, Consumer behaviour, Goodwill, Marketing communications, Sponsorship Abstract Various elements of brand identity contribute to brand image development; however, the role of marketing communications is particularly important in achieving brand image effects. In the case of advertising, two separate elements of communications, a message and a medium, combine to deliver particular brand image values. In the

David Shipley

68

DIGITAL AND SOCIAL MEDIA SEARCH DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE  

E-print Network

DIGITAL AND SOCIAL MEDIA SEARCH DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE INDIANA UNIVERSTIY Film and Media Studies, Ethnography and Performance Studies, and Rhetoric and Public Culture. We invite, Digital/Social Media Search, Department of Communication and Culture, 800 E. 3rd Street, Indiana

Indiana University

69

WILLIAMS COLLEGE SOCIAL MEDIA GUIDELINES Office of Communications  

E-print Network

WILLIAMS COLLEGE SOCIAL MEDIA GUIDELINES Office of Communications communications@williams.edu 413 to the world. The college supports the use of social media by employees to connect with this community as part. Remember that social media can be a useful tool to add to a host of other more traditional tools. Your

Aalberts, Daniel P.

70

Aesthetic Theories of the Visual Communication Media Arts: Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scientific study of the visual communication media arts must be based on both general theories regarding these media and specific theories developed for each medium. Although it is possible that the delay in the development of vigorous scientific studies and empirical research findings in the visual communication media of television has caused…

Metallinos, Nikos

71

Uniform Media Effects and Uniform Audience Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea that mass communication effects may decrease diversity among people or societies exposed to it arises constantly. However, discussions of mass media effects do not highlight differences between mass communications that "affect" people uniformly and messages that members of audiences "respond to" in similar ways. A number of modern…

Perry, David K.

72

The College of Media at the University of Illinois offers undergraduate majors in Advertising, Agricultural Communications, Journalism and Media & Cinema Studies. Within the degrees of Agricultural Communications and  

E-print Network

The College of Media at the University of Illinois offers undergraduate majors in Advertising, Agricultural Communications, Journalism and Media & Cinema Studies. Within the degrees of Agricultural Communications and Media & Cinema Studies, students choose concentrations in Advertising or Journalism and Media

Gilbert, Matthew

73

Medicine, Media Communication and Ethical Aspects  

PubMed Central

Summary On World Press Freedom Day (3rd of May 2009) details of the Frida Haus ranking list of press freedom in countries around the world were officially disclosed. Bosnia and Herzegovina is ranked at 98 place, and in the region better ranked is only Montenegro, which is located between 78 and 80 place along with Botswana and Eastern Timor. Top rated is Iceland with 9 points and on the last place is North Korea, with 98 points. Almost every profession has its deontology/ethical principles. However, medicine and the media are specifically targeted by public controversy with regard to the consequences of their responsibilities for the individual and the overall population. Until twenty years ago, the media were the main social system or a reflection of the social system and dominated the field of public communication, which implicitly reflected in the organization, operation and effects of companies, corporations, etc. as the overall social system, increasing the gross national product and its various categories enabled boom. Medicine and health represent to a wide range of people, perhaps, the most interesting source of information, and probably there isn’t a person that once was not interested in quality professional and verified information regarding some of their medical condition or overall health status. It is estimated that today there are more than a million Web sites on health and diseases, which means that the availability of health information for users is better today than ever before. However, it is important to patients and users of web sites with health information to learn how to properly use them, and learn to assess whether the information published on this site are of reliable quality, which depends on the authors who put the information on the web site, their topicality, simplicity in use and especially the diversity of the medical content of these web pages. It is the Internet that allows the revolution in relation patient-health care- health services provider. First look is at the symptoms and other health information on the Internet before patients actually go to the doctor. In response to this there is change in the relation patient- doctor, there are attempts to allow the patient to make a test, for example, cholesterol in the blood prior to scheduling the examination by the doctor. The vision of the future is Web-based and secure health record (Medical Record) that can be maintained in some kind of health plan or supervised by a physician. Such a site can be used when the patient is traveling or when he or she goes to the pharmacy or doctor of any specialty. Access to appropriate information may strengthen patients to express their demands and medical professionalism in order to improve clinical decision making. Information on support of patients and their involvement in prevention, alternative treatments and their care should be a central part of quality improvement strategies. Improving the quality of information and helping people use the most of what is offered have to be realized by implementing the strategies. Governments should invest in public education programs to encourage people to critically evaluate health information. For their share, they will have to be aware of the scope and quality of information sources that can be used by patients, so that they can get advice from them in an appropriate manner. PMID:24493979

Masic, Izet

2010-01-01

74

Medicine, media communication and ethical aspects.  

PubMed

On World Press Freedom Day (3rd of May 2009) details of the Frida Haus ranking list of press freedom in countries around the world were officially disclosed. Bosnia and Herzegovina is ranked at 98 place, and in the region better ranked is only Montenegro, which is located between 78 and 80 place along with Botswana and Eastern Timor. Top rated is Iceland with 9 points and on the last place is North Korea, with 98 points. Almost every profession has its deontology/ethical principles. However, medicine and the media are specifically targeted by public controversy with regard to the consequences of their responsibilities for the individual and the overall population. Until twenty years ago, the media were the main social system or a reflection of the social system and dominated the field of public communication, which implicitly reflected in the organization, operation and effects of companies, corporations, etc. as the overall social system, increasing the gross national product and its various categories enabled boom. Medicine and health represent to a wide range of people, perhaps, the most interesting source of information, and probably there isn't a person that once was not interested in quality professional and verified information regarding some of their medical condition or overall health status. It is estimated that today there are more than a million Web sites on health and diseases, which means that the availability of health information for users is better today than ever before. However, it is important to patients and users of web sites with health information to learn how to properly use them, and learn to assess whether the information published on this site are of reliable quality, which depends on the authors who put the information on the web site, their topicality, simplicity in use and especially the diversity of the medical content of these web pages. It is the Internet that allows the revolution in relation patient-health care- health services provider. First look is at the symptoms and other health information on the Internet before patients actually go to the doctor. In response to this there is change in the relation patient- doctor, there are attempts to allow the patient to make a test, for example, cholesterol in the blood prior to scheduling the examination by the doctor. The vision of the future is Web-based and secure health record (Medical Record) that can be maintained in some kind of health plan or supervised by a physician. Such a site can be used when the patient is traveling or when he or she goes to the pharmacy or doctor of any specialty. Access to appropriate information may strengthen patients to express their demands and medical professionalism in order to improve clinical decision making. Information on support of patients and their involvement in prevention, alternative treatments and their care should be a central part of quality improvement strategies. Improving the quality of information and helping people use the most of what is offered have to be realized by implementing the strategies. Governments should invest in public education programs to encourage people to critically evaluate health information. For their share, they will have to be aware of the scope and quality of information sources that can be used by patients, so that they can get advice from them in an appropriate manner. PMID:24493979

Masic, Izet

2010-01-01

75

~50 Communicators, ~40 social media managers. Hundreds of websites and social media channels.  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;~50 Communicators, ~40 social media managers. Hundreds of websites and social media central repository for each entity's digital media output. 1 . Department of Athletics #12;Benefits channels. Many thousands individual bits of content per year. #12;#12;A sea of digital media #12;...Most

76

Interactive Communication by Applying Contemporary Media in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today society has become a multimedia society, turned towards new forms of communication, ready for changes and the new communicational challenges. The students, surrounded by PCs, mobile phones and ever so sophisticated software, videos, wireless sets and TVs, DVDs, satellite transmissions and "the media above all other media"--the Internet.…

Tatkovic, Nevenka; Ruzic, Maja

2005-01-01

77

Media and Communication School of Language, Social and Political Sciences  

E-print Network

1 Media and Communication Handbook 2014 School of Language, Social and Political Sciences #12 BA Major in COMS 5 BA Minor in COMS 5 BA graduate profile, Media and Communication 5 Careers advice 5 March 2013 #12;3 People Academic Staff All academic staff members hold regular weekly office hours

Hickman, Mark

78

A Study of Children's Preconceptions to Communication Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Japanese children's preconceptions to communication media. In a study, the function of media was divided into two categories--one is an "informational receiving" function and the other is an "informational sending" function. Preconception (consciousness about degree of liking and level of difficulty) of media was investigated…

Ikuta, Takashi; Gotoh, Yasushi

79

Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy  

E-print Network

Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy The Fogelman impact. Beware of comments that could reflect poorly on you and the College. Social media sites/or bullying apply to content posted online. Violating any University policy while using social media could

Dasgupta, Dipankar

80

Public Address, Media Cultures and Social Differences Department of Communication  

E-print Network

Public Address, Media Cultures and Social Differences Department of Communication The Department in Public Address and Argument; Media and Culture; Rhetoric of Science; and History, Theory and Criticism budgetary approval. We seek candidates pursuing rhetorically informed study of public address and media

Sibille, Etienne

81

Master of Communication Studies New Media and Society in Europe  

E-print Network

, Culture and Globalisation Theory 6 1 Users and Innovation in New Media 6 2 Business and Consumer Ethics 6Master of Communication Studies New Media and Society in Europe A one-year programme in English-year (60 ECTS) academic master with a focus on New Media and Society in Europe. This English language

Einmahl, Uwe

82

SLAC-I-050-603-003-00-R000 Page 1 of 8 Communications Policy Social Media Use  

E-print Network

SLAC-I-050-603-003-00-R000 Page 1 of 8 Communications Policy ­ Social Media Use Approvers Name Use of social media to communicate with members of a job-related project or program. Personal use ..............................................................................................................................7 #12;SLAC Lab-Wide Policy ­ Social Media Use Effective Date: February 17, 2012 SLAC-I-050

Wechsler, Risa H.

83

Effective scientific communication  

E-print Network

Effective scientific communication in biomedicine is the basic mechanism of existence and progress of science. For effective written scientific communication it is not enough only to publish report of obtained scientific results. Scientific article must be written in a way to be easily noticed and understand by the reader. Moreover, effective scientific communication includes the response of readers (feedback) to published information. In this article several facts, important for effective scientific communication, are emphasized: publication is an integral part of scientific meted of knowledge, the reasons why the results of scientific research must be published and the way to write and publish to be included in effective scientific communication.

Jovan Saviæ

84

Transformation of Traditional Marketing Communications in to Paradigms of Social Media Networking  

E-print Network

Effective Communication for marketing is a vital field in business organizations, which is used to convey the details about their products and services to the market segments and subsequently to build long lasting customer relationships. This paper focuses on an emerging component of the integrated marketing communication, ie. social media networking, as it is increasingly becoming the trend. In 21st century, the marketing communication platforms show a tendency to shift towards innovative technology bound people networking which is becoming an acceptable domain of interaction. Though the traditional channels like TV, print media etc. are still active and prominent in marketing communication, the presences of the Internet and more specifically the Social Media Networking, has started influencing the way individuals and business enterprises communicate. It has become evident that more individuals and business enterprises are engaging the social media networking sites either to accelerate the sales of their pro...

Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

2012-01-01

85

Using social media to communicate during crises: an analytic methodology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Emerging Media Integration Team at the Department of the Navy Office of Information (CHINFO) has recently put together a Navy Command Social Media Handbook designed to provide information needed to safely and effectively use social media. While not intended to be a comprehensive guide on command use of social media or to take the place of official policy, the Handbook provides a useful guide for navigating a dynamic communications environment. Social media are changing the way information is diffused and decisions are made, especially for Humanitarian Assistance missions when there is increased emphasis on Navy commands to share critical information with other Navy command sites, government, and official NGO (nongovernmental organization) sites like the American Red Cross. In order to effectively use social media to support such missions, the Handbook suggests creating a centralized location to funnel information. This suggests that as the community of interest (COI) grows during a crisis, it will be important to ensure that information is shared with appropriate organizations for different aspects of the mission such as evacuation procedures, hospital sites, location of seaports and airports, and other topics relevant to the mission. For example, in the first 14 days of the U.S. Southern Command's Haiti HA/DR (Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief) mission, the COI grew to over 1,900 users. In addition, operational conditions vary considerably among incidents, and coordination between different groups is often set up in an ad hoc manner. What is needed is a methodology that will help to find appropriate people with whom to share information for particular aspects of a mission during a wide range of events related to the mission. CNA has developed such a methodology and we would like to test it in a small scale lab experiment.

Greene, Marjorie

2011-06-01

86

Who Communicates with Whom? Measuring Communication Choices on Social Media Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

People on social media web sites are connected in many different ways. Communication networks are one important element. When analyzing the communication choices in such social media environments, the existence and dynamics of these different networks should be taken into account. The paper proposes a Markov process framework which includes an exponential random graph model that allows to estimate in

Christoph Stadtfeld

2010-01-01

87

The Media Environment: Mass Communications in American Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with an informational frame of reference that will permit the formation of critical judgments concerning America's mass media institutions. The book covers the broad spectrum of the communications media in terms of their impact on American society. Such topics are discussed as social aspects of…

Stanley, Robert H.; Steinberg, Charles S.

88

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course From a Business Communication Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy currently in development from a business

Michael J. Meredith

2012-01-01

89

Strategic Communication and Social Media: An MBA Course from a Business Communication Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social media offers an exciting new area for our discipline to produce research and pedagogy that is in high demand by students, industry constituents, and other disciplines. This article discusses why business communication scholars should focus on social media as an important stream of study and outlines an MBA course in social media strategy…

Meredith, Michael J.

2012-01-01

90

Communication Media Employed in Health Physics at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health physicist as well as the industrial hygienist and safety engineer have a need for maintaining adequate and effective communications with management, employees and other interested special groups in order to obtain understanding of their effort and objectives and thereby obtaining from those sources their support and acceptance. Communications media employed at KAPL to obtain support and acceptance of

L. J. Cherubin

1961-01-01

91

India: Implications of Communication Infrastructure on the Production of Media in State Training Institutes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Description of training institutes developed by the government of India to improve the irrigation system focuses on the communication system infrastructure for the production and use of audiovisual materials for training. Highlights include local production of media; equipment and communication networks; cost effectiveness; and recommendations for…

Maughan, George R.

1989-01-01

92

Is communication competence still good for interpersonal media?: Mobile phone and instant messenger  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of communication competence has developed in the area of nonmediated interpersonal communication. With the advent of digital media, interpersonal communication has been heavily dependent on interpersonal media. The sharp distinction between theories for nonmediated communication and mediated communication is disappearing. The interconnectedness of face-to-face communication and mediated interpersonal communication is a salient current phenomenon. To explore the relation

Yoosun Hwang

2011-01-01

93

Synchronous Communication Media in the Software Requirements Negotiation Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an empirical study in the requirements negotiation process. In particular, the study compares traditional face-to-face meeting and distributed communication by using two rich synchronous communication media (i.e., an enhanced chat, and a three-dimensional virtual environment). We have observed that there is a difference in the time taken to negotiate software requirements in favor of face-to-face meeting. As the only assessment of the time could not be meaningful, we have also analyzed the quality of the structured description of the negotiated software requirements. We observed that the quality of the structured descriptions is not influenced by the used communication media.

Erra, Ugo; Scanniello, Giuseppe

94

Communication, Media and Film Media are all around us, influencing  

E-print Network

, and how we live our lives in countless ways. The world comes to us through television, film, the web will also engage you as producers--"meaning-makers"-- through an array of hands-on courses that will allow and community media · Education with additional studies Admission Requirements Ontario Secondary School

95

NEW MEDIA, MEDIATION, AND COMMUNICATION STUDY1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The division of the communication discipline according to whether people communicate face-to-face or via a technological medium has shaped the field's development from the outset. The divide has been institutionalized over time in the structures of academic departments and schools, professional training and degrees, scholarly societies and publishing, and in the field's larger research agendas. However, critics inside and outside

Leah A. Lievrouw

2009-01-01

96

MEMORY PROCESSES IN MEDIA EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memory mediates the effects of mass media on the individual. The nature of memory is such that encoding, storage, and retrieval of episodic (context-dependent) information from mass media messages is often inhibited whereas semantic (thematic, procedural, structural) information retention is often promoted. Therefore, mass media effects are better defined in terms of structural information transmission than in terms of specific

KATHY KELLERMANN

1985-01-01

97

Using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine the value of using social media to communicate child health information to low-income parents. We evaluated qualitative data obtained through focus groups with low-income, predominantly Hispanic parents. Results were mixed; lack of time and credibility were the primary objections parents cited in using social media to obtain information about their children's health. Social media has value as part of an overall communication strategy, but more work is needed to determine the most effective way to use this channel in low-income populations. PMID:22005641

Stroever, Stephanie J; Mackert, Michael S; McAlister, Alfred L; Hoelscher, Deanna M

2011-11-01

98

The Executive Briefing: A Management Tool for Improving Communication between School Library Media Specialists and Their Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the lack of communication between school principals and school library media specialists, the lack of information principals have regarding media specialists' roles and responsibilities, and the use of the executive briefing to open up effective channels of communication. Explains correlations between "Information Power" principles and…

Jones, Plummer Alston, Jr.

2003-01-01

99

Effectively Communicating Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid

2007-01-01

100

Prosocial effects of media.  

PubMed

Parents, teachers, health care providers, and other caring adults worry about the harmful influence of media messages and images on children and teens and wonder how to recognize and encourage positive and healthy use of media. For decades, experts have commented on the power of media. Media depictions can lead to negative attitudes and behavior in some young viewers. This article discusses whether prosocial, tolerant, and cooperative attitudes and behavior can be learned and imitated by children and adolescents and whether media can nurture or stimulate creativity or actively promote health and well-being in young consumers. PMID:22643170

Hogan, Marjorie J

2012-06-01

101

Rhetorics and Communication Media across Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent developments in contrastive rhetoric have looked at a variety of cultural, linguistic, historical, and social factors that influence the complex acts of acquiring and demonstrating second language (L2) writing competencies. These developments, however, focus almost exclusively on writing. The present paper suggests that other communication

Thatcher, Barry

2004-01-01

102

Charismatic Communication Skill, Media Legitimacy, and Electoral Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in how much a political candidate's media and political skills, sometimes referred to as “charisma,” are critical to their electoral success and political survival. According to one hypothesis, the effects of media skills might be so strong that actors who do not possess media skills quickly vanish from the political arena. However, while many believe that

Tamir Sheafer

2008-01-01

103

Media and Control of Violence: Communication in School Shootings  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines school shootings to explore the role that communication processes play in the dynamics related to the\\u000a control of violence. We argue that much of what we observe in regard to school shootings is a mass-media phenomenon. Many\\u000a such acts of violence carry expressive, communicative connotations, and thus school shootings should be understood as discursive\\u000a processes. We present

Glenn W. Muschert; Massimo Ragnedda

104

The contribution of electronic communication media to the design process: communicative and cultural implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation in a company's design process is increasingly a matter of cooperation between the company and its customers. New information and communication technology (ICT) possibilities such as electronic communication (EC) media generate even more opportunities for companies to collaborate with customers during the early stages of research and development. This exploratory study examined the design process of five Dutch firms

ANTOON P. D. VAN LUXEMBURG; JAN M. ULIJN; N. Amare

2002-01-01

105

Hideyuki Tokuda" Media Communication with Dynamic QOS Control  

E-print Network

, USA G 1992 ACM 0-89791 -526 -7/92 /0008 /0088 ...$1 .50 trends in multimedia computing is toward packet must be presented in a continuous fashion at the destination site. A communication network must be able to deliver the continuous media data timely fashion so that the sys- tem will not produce any

Moura, José

106

Media effects on jurors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact on jurors of exposure to media coverage of legal issues. Jurors' decisions may be influenced by a broad range of legally relevant information gleaned from media sources, including newspaper reports, radio and television news, advertising, movies, and televised crime shows and courtroom scenes. The article gives examples of these influences from real-world cases and from

Edith Greene

1990-01-01

107

77 FR 36305 - Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading June...information concerning the securities of Stream Communications Network & Media, Inc. because it has not filed any...

2012-06-18

108

Social Media Use in the United States: Implications for Health Communication  

PubMed Central

Background Given the rapid changes in the communication landscape brought about by participative Internet use and social media, it is important to develop a better understanding of these technologies and their impact on health communication. The first step in this effort is to identify the characteristics of current social media users. Up-to-date reporting of current social media use will help monitor the growth of social media and inform health promotion/communication efforts aiming to effectively utilize social media. Objective The purpose of the study is to identify the sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with current adult social media users in the United States. Methods Data came from the 2007 iteration of the Health Information National Trends Study (HINTS, N = 7674). HINTS is a nationally representative cross-sectional survey on health-related communication trends and practices. Survey respondents who reported having accessed the Internet (N = 5078) were asked whether, over the past year, they had (1) participated in an online support group, (2) written in a blog, (3) visited a social networking site. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors of each type of social media use. Results Approximately 69% of US adults reported having access to the Internet in 2007. Among Internet users, 5% participated in an online support group, 7% reported blogging, and 23% used a social networking site. Multivariate analysis found that younger age was the only significant predictor of blogging and social networking site participation; a statistically significant linear relationship was observed, with younger categories reporting more frequent use. Younger age, poorer subjective health, and a personal cancer experience predicted support group participation. In general, social media are penetrating the US population independent of education, race/ethnicity, or health care access. Conclusions Recent growth of social media is not uniformly distributed across age groups; therefore, health communication programs utilizing social media must first consider the age of the targeted population to help ensure that messages reach the intended audience. While racial/ethnic and health status–related disparities exist in Internet access, among those with Internet access, these characteristics do not affect social media use. This finding suggests that the new technologies, represented by social media, may be changing the communication pattern throughout the United States. PMID:19945947

Hunt, Yvonne M; Beckjord, Ellen Burke; Moser, Richard P; Hesse, Bradford W

2009-01-01

109

A Conceptual Framework for Evaluating the Function of the Mass Media within the Communication Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theories of mass communication have sought to explain how the media function internally and affect society. Rather than additional "response" studies, which investigate the impact of media on behavior or a society's impact on its media, more research should center on the functions of mass media within the overall framework of communication theory.…

Nelson, Lawrence D.

110

Communication technology and social media: opportunities and implications for healthcare systems.  

PubMed

Electronic patient education and communications, such as email, text messaging, and social media, are on the rise in healthcare today. This article explores potential uses of technology to seek solutions in healthcare for such challenges as modifying behaviors related to chronic conditions, improving efficiency, and decreasing costs. A brief discussion highlights the role of technologies in healthcare informatics and considers two theoretical bases for technology implementation. Discussion focuses more extensively on the ability and advantages of electronic communication technology, such as e-mail, social media, text messaging, and electronic health records, to enhance patient-provider e-communications in nursing today. Effectiveness of e-communication in healthcare is explored, including recent and emerging applications designed to improve patient-provider connections and review of current evidence supporting positive outcomes. The conclusion addresses the vision of nurses' place in the vanguard of these developments. PMID:23036059

Weaver, Betsy; Lindsay, Bill; Gitelman, Betsy

2012-09-01

111

The Social Media Release as a Corporate Communication Tool for Bloggers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of a new communication tool, the social media release (SMR), on bloggers. Specifically, we seek to determine what factors will influence bloggers' intent to use SMRs or their components. Our global survey of 332 bloggers finds that bloggers' perceptions of the effectiveness of the SMR and the use of SMRs by companies positively affect their

Leyland F. Pitt; Michael Parent; Peter G. Steyn; Pierre Berthon; Arthur Money

2011-01-01

112

Video Production for School Library Media Specialists: Communication and Production Techniques. Professional Growth Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to help show school librarians how camcorders and other video production equipment can help them communicate more effectively with students, teachers, parents, and administrators. The book sees video production as an integral part of a library media center program because learning how to produce videos is an excellent way to learn…

McConnell, Terry; Sprouse, Harry W.

113

Communicative Development in Twins with Discordant Histories of Recurrent Otitis Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The communicative abilities of six sets of same-sex, preschool dizygotic twins were examined. In each dyad, one sibling had a strong history of recurrent otitis media (ROM) but the other twin did not. History of ROM was associated with lowered receptive vocabulary, with no consistent effects detected in expressive speech and language tasks.…

Hemmer, Virginia Hoey; Ratner, Nan Bernstein

1994-01-01

114

The Influence of Media Communication on Risk Perception and Behavior Related to Mad Cow Disease in South Korea  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this study was to ascertain the influence of media communication on risk behavior related to mad cow disease (MCD). Methods Mothers of elementary school students in Seoul were recruited as the survey participants of this study. Results Media reports affected risk behavior related to MCD. Also, knowledge and attitude toward MCD affects risk behavior. Conclusion Risk-related information provided by the media should maintain consistency and objectivity. For effective risk communication, there should be an open communication between the government and public, experts, and related industries, who should all collaborate. PMID:24159557

Park, Jee-Eun; Sohn, Aeree

2013-01-01

115

Interactive real-time media streaming with reliable communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Streaming media is a recent technique for delivering multimedia information from a source provider to an end- user over the Internet. The major advantage of this technique is that the media player can start playing a multimedia file even before the entire file is transmitted. Most streaming media applications are currently implemented based on the client-server architecture, where a server system hosts the media file and a client system connects to this server system to download the file. Although the client-server architecture is successful in many situations, it may not be ideal to rely on such a system to provide the streaming service as users may be required to register an account using personal information in order to use the service. This is troublesome if a user wishes to watch a movie simultaneously while interacting with a friend in another part of the world over the Internet. In this paper, we describe a new real-time media streaming application implemented on a peer-to-peer (P2P) architecture in order to overcome these challenges within a mobile environment. When using the peer-to-peer architecture, streaming media is shared directly between end-users, called peers, with minimal or no reliance on a dedicated server. Based on the proposed software p?v?a (pronounced [revma]), named for the Greek word meaning stream, we can host a media file on any computer and directly stream it to a connected partner. To accomplish this, p?v?a utilizes the Microsoft .NET Framework and Windows Presentation Framework, which are widely available on various types of windows-compatible personal computers and mobile devices. With specially designed multi-threaded algorithms, the application can stream HD video at speeds upwards of 20 Mbps using the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Streaming and playback are handled using synchronized threads that communicate with one another once a connection is established. Alteration of playback, such as pausing playback or tracking to a different spot in the media file, will be reflected in all media streams. These techniques are designed to allow users at different locations to simultaneously view a full length HD video and interactively control the media streaming session. To create a sustainable media stream with high quality, our system supports UDP packet loss recovery at high transmission speed using custom File- Buffers. Traditional real-time streaming protocols such as Real-time Transport Protocol/RTP Control Protocol (RTP/RTCP) provide no such error recovery mechanism. Finally, the system also features an Instant Messenger that allows users to perform social interactions with one another while they enjoy a media file. The ultimate goal of the application is to offer users a hassle free way to watch a media file over long distances without having to upload any personal information into a third party database. Moreover, the users can communicate with each other and stream media directly from one mobile device to another while maintaining an independence from traditional sign up required by most streaming services.

Pan, Xunyu; Free, Kevin M.

2014-02-01

116

Effective Communication in Multicultural Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research tries to determine effective intercultural classroom communication in the American higher education setting. Theories on classroom communication and intercultural communication (Uncertainty Reduction and Communication Accommodation) are used to build the framework. Subjects were four professors from three different academic…

Liao, Xiaofan

117

Media Schemas, Perceived Effects, and Person Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media schemas about the power of the media are widely thought to influence perceived media effects and third-person perception, but only one study has shown this, and it did not consider desirable messages. The current research finds focus group evidence for the existence of additional media schemas relevant to estimating effects of pro-social messages, then examines the relationships between media

Patrick C. Meirick

2006-01-01

118

Impediments to media communication of social change in family planning and reproductive health: experiences from East Africa.  

PubMed

The media has been employed to increase uptake of Family Planning through behaviour change communication (BCC). Understanding the barriers encountered in effectively undertaking this function would increase the strategy's effectiveness. Sixty journalists from East Africa participated in trainings to enhance their BCC skills for Family Planning in which a qualitative study was nested to identify barriers to effective Family Planning BCC in the region's media. The barriers were observed to be insufficient BCC skills, journalists' conflict of interest, interests of media houses, inaccessible sources of family planning information, editorial ideologies and absence of commercially beneficial demand. Coupled with the historical ideologies of the media in the region, the observed barriers have precipitated ineffective family planning BCC in the regions media. Effective BCC for family planning in the regions media requires capacity building among practitioners and alignment of the concept to the media's and consumers' aspirations. PMID:24069769

Kagurusi, Patrick T

2013-09-01

119

L069MS Bachelor of Communication (Media Studies) Program Planner for Media Communication  

E-print Network

: ______________________________________ About This Program: This program provides students with an innovative blend of theory and practical Practice 1 or 2 Nil Professional Major LSM101/ HAM101 MDA10005/ MDA10006 Cultural Perspectives on Science SOC10009 Academic Literacies: Learning and Communication Practices Replaced by Academic Literacies

Liley, David

120

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Enterprise Social Media: Definition, History, and  

E-print Network

is to explore, at this early date, what consequences--positive and negative--social media used for communicationJournal of Computer-Mediated Communication Enterprise Social Media: Definition, History directions for future research. Key words: Enterprise Social Media, Affordances, Organizing, Technology Use

Leonardi, Paul

121

Social Media Start-Up Kit Office of Communications and Marketing  

E-print Network

Social Media Start-Up Kit Office of Communications and Marketing #12; Table of Contents How..............................................................................................................................5 C. Personal Use of Social Media located on page 8. The Office of Communications and Marketing is here to support your social media efforts

Kearfott, R. Baker

122

Group communication media choice and the use of information and communication technology to support learning: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper reports a study conducted longitudinally to investigate group communication media choice and the use of a web-based learning tool, as well as other types of communication media, such as e-mail, telephone, and face-to-face, for communication and collaboration to complete given tasks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study was designed following the case study research methodology and design of

Nor Shahriza Abdul Karim; Robert Heckman

2005-01-01

123

Consumer Communications, Media Use, and Purchases via the Internet: A Comparative, Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides a fast, efficient and cost-effective alternative for communication, transaction, and distribution. In this study, consumers’ Web-based chatting behavior across three countries (i.e., the U.S., Canada, China) is explored, using an Internet survey of Web-based chatters. Results indicate that chatters’ Internet use does not affect their use of traditional mass media in any significant manner. No difference is

Hyokjin Kwak; George M. Zinkhan; Yue Pan; Trina Larsen Andras

2008-01-01

124

Enhancing Organizational Communication using Sociometric Badges MIT Media Laboratory  

E-print Network

scientists have always been interested in enhanc- ing organizational effectiveness and individual well in or- ganizational settings by systematically studying individual, group, and organizational processes. The Sociomet- ric badge developed by the Human Dynamics Group at the MIT Media Lab automatically measures

125

Learning to Use the Internet and Online Social Media: What Is the Effectiveness of Home-Based Intervention for Youth with Complex Communication Needs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with complex communication needs (CCN) face increased barriers to their social participation due to limited communication abilities and opportunities. Youth today use the internet as a social tool and youth with CCN may also benefit from internet use to increase their social participation. Five youth between the ages of 10-18 with CCN who…

Grace, Emma; Raghavendra, Parimala; Newman, Lareen; Wood, Denise; Connell, Tim

2014-01-01

126

Effects of Mass Media and Opinion Exchange on Extremist Group Formation  

E-print Network

Effects of Mass Media and Opinion Exchange on Extremist Group Formation Steven Butler1 and Joanna J a population, but also the polarising effect of mass media. Results show the sig- nificance of mass media communication technologies are thought to facilitate the growth of the small autonomous terrorist groups

Bryson, Joanna J.

127

The communication media in postliteracy education: New dimensions of literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Postliteracy programs have been used to produce written materials for newly literate adults, but this narrow view falls short of preventing relapse into illiteracy. Furthermore, the gradual move away from mass educational programs and government financing of education has put postliteracy at greater risk. This study tests levels of retention of literacy among neo-literates in Tanzania who gained a literacy certificate five years ago. Some modest success is noted. The pattern of radio broadcasting, newspaper coverage and library provision in the country is summarized, and the influence of these media on literacy retention assessed. Investment in them is seen as crucial to the maintenance of literacy. However, it is also suggested that the cultural context cannot be overlooked, that the importance of oral communication does not swiftly diminish and that excessive emphasis on functional postliteracy texts does not coincide with the leisure-time interests of neo-literates.

Semali, Ladislaus M.

1993-05-01

128

Visualizing Communication on Social Media: Making Big Data Accessible  

E-print Network

The broad adoption of the web as a communication medium has made it possible to study social behavior at a new scale. With social media networks such as Twitter, we can collect large data sets of online discourse. Social science researchers and journalists, however, may not have tools available to make sense of large amounts of data or of the structure of large social networks. In this paper, we describe our recent extensions to Truthy, a system for collecting and analyzing political discourse on Twitter. We introduce several new analytical perspectives on online discourse with the goal of facilitating collaboration between individuals in the computational and social sciences. The design decisions described in this article are motivated by real-world use cases developed in collaboration with colleagues at the Indiana University School of Journalism.

McKelvey, Karissa; Conover, Michael D; Menczer, Filippo

2012-01-01

129

Mass Communication: An Introduction; Theory and Practice of Mass Media in Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the perspectives of historical, contemporary, and future interpretations of mass communication, this introduction to the theory and practice of mass media in society treats both the social context of mass communication and the hardware components that make it operable. The book discusses all mass media--newspapers, magazines, radio,…

Bittner, John R.

130

Mass Media and Interpersonal Influence in a Reproductive Health Communication Campaign in Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared mass media and interpersonal influence during a reproductive health communication campaign in Bolivia using the following six behavior change steps: awareness, detailed knowledge, attitudes, intention, interpersonal communication, and family planning method use. The authors found that the main terms of mass media campaign and personal network exposure were associated with behavior change, whereas the multiplicative interaction term

THOMAS W. VALENTE; WALTER P. SABA

1998-01-01

131

Socio-Economic Factors in the Application of Information and Communication Technologies in Nigerian Print Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses information and communication technologies (ICT) in Nigerian print media and explores socioeconomic factors associated with the adoption and use of ICT by the media. Topics include ICT in the Third World; organizational goals; profitability; organizational communication; productivity; openness of workers to change; inflation; wages;…

Ehikhamenor, Fabian A.

2002-01-01

132

The Mediating Role of Identity Fit: Understanding the Relationship between Communication Media, Demographic Differences, and Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four recent trends (increased diversity, increased use of teams, increased use of a variety of communication media, and increased focus on creative output) have created a need for understanding how diversity and communication media influence individuals, their interactions within groups, and their influence on creativity. In previous work, the concept of identity fit was developed to explain how the psychological

Sherry M. B. Thatcher

2001-01-01

133

Analysing Communication Media and Actions - Extending and Evaluating the Business Action Matrix  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyse how different communication media affect, restrict and facilitate business actions. This paper aims to attain a further understanding of what consequences decisions about offering or relinquishing a certain medium would have for the company and its customers. We are also interested in finding feasible ways to make such analyses of business actions and communication media.

Britt-marie Johansson; Karin Axelsson

2005-01-01

134

Why do users communicate via such or such media?: some insights from users' daily experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to understand why people choose to use such or such media of communication in their daily activity. In a field study, twelve young adults were requested to narrate daily communication experiences on a storyboard, some of them being interviewed afterward. Quantitative results show a significant relationship between the choice of media and the affective

Françoise Détienne; Béatrice Cahour; Liv Lefebvre

2010-01-01

135

Instructions for use The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies No.14 003  

E-print Network

Instructions for use #12;The Journal of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies No (a popular domestic social networking site (SNS) in Japan) who also use either Facebook or Twitter, but not on Mixi. Other researchers have also touched on this #12;The Journal of International Media, Communication

Tachizawa, Kazuya

136

Size Effects in Granular Media Size Effect of Inclusions in Granular Media  

E-print Network

Size Effects in Granular Media Size Effect of Inclusions in Granular Media S. Joseph Antony1 Conference 2005 #12;Size Effects in Granular Media Outline 1 Background Particle stress Simulations: Particle Questions about granular behavior Experiment results #12;Size Effects in Granular Media Background Particle

Kuhn, Matthew R.

137

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival  

E-print Network

Journalism and Technical Communication presents the Fourth Biennial Colorado State University Media Festival September 25--28, 2013 Share your creativity, your passion for producing media, and your secrets Colorado State University graduates are widely recognized for quality media efforts. On the heels

Stephens, Graeme L.

138

Media and Information Studies Ph.D. Program College of Communication Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Media and Information Studies Ph.D. Program College of Communication Arts and Sciences Michigan by Undergraduates................................................ 43 #12;3 Media and Information Studies Ph.D. Program I. PROGRAM OVERVIEW A. Aims of the MISPHD Program The Media and Information Studies Ph.D. Program

139

A digital platform for marketing communications in the mobile and social media space  

E-print Network

A digital platform for marketing communications in the mobile and social media space Otto PetrovicPhone and Android, iPad apps, e-mail, RSS feeds and social media. All that channels are used and controlled from of all internet users already use social media regularly and time that is spent increases three times

Boyer, Edmond

140

Implicit Measures and Media Effects Research: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although implicit measures are now widely used in different areas of psychology, they have received only little attention in communication science. This paper discusses the potential benefits of implicit measures such as the Implicit Association Test (IAT) for media effects research. We first address more general theoretical and methodological issues and introduce some practical challenges that come along with implicit

Dorothée Hefner; Tobias Rothmund; Christoph Klimmt; Mario Gollwitzer

2011-01-01

141

Effective toughness of heterogeneous media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a versatile approach to computing the effective toughness of heterogeneous media. This approach focusses on the material property independent of the details of the boundary condition. The key idea is what we call a surfing boundary condition, where a steadily propagating crack opening displacement is applied as a boundary condition to a large domain while the crack set is allowed to evolve as it chooses. The approach is verified and used to study examples in brittle fracture. We demonstrate that effective toughness is different from effective or weighted surface area of the crack set. Furthermore, we demonstrate that elastic heterogeneity can have a profound effect on fracture toughness: it can be a significant toughening mechanism and it can lead to toughness asymmetry wherein the toughness depends not only on the direction but also on the sense of propagation. The role of length-scale is also discussed.

Hossain, M. Z.; Hsueh, C.-J.; Bourdin, B.; Bhattacharya, K.

2014-11-01

142

The media and government officials: environmental policy communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media play an important role in connecting citizens to government officials. Much of what citizens learn about environmental policy making and implementation is learned through media coverage of government actions. We have evidence to suggest that the media can influence citizens' perceptions of government, but we know less about the media's dependence on government. The paper is meant to

Mark C. Stephan

1996-01-01

143

Relational Control and Interactive Media Choice in Technology-Mediated Communication Situations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a framework to examine the communication goals of interacting partners and how these affect media choice. States that 70 people were presented with different communication situations, and were asked which mode of communication they would use. Finds that in situations of relational competitiveness, relational control was a significant…

Kayany, Joseph M.; And Others

1996-01-01

144

Bachelor of Arts, Communication, Journalism and Media Studies Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Arts, Communication, Journalism and Media Studies Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date to satisfy requirement may not be used toward Communication in the Discipline requirement. 3 Communication DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social Sciences course in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences

Barrash, Warren

145

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences.  

PubMed

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths - rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations - make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of 'altmetrics' to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist's tool kit. PMID:23845168

Osterrieder, Anne

2013-01-01

146

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences  

PubMed Central

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths – rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations – make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of ‘altmetrics’ to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist’s tool kit. PMID:23845168

2013-01-01

147

On Effective Communication | Poster  

Cancer.gov

I have previously described the communication model in which a sender encodes a message and then sends it via some channel (or medium) to a receiver, who decodes the message and, ideally, understands what was sent. Surely the most common way of encoding a message is in choosing the most appropriate words for the listener or reader.

148

Teenagers' Use of MSN Features, Discussion Topics, and Online Friendship Development: The Impact of Media Richness and Communication Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a sample of 248 Hong Kong adolescents, this study probed the impact of media richness and communication control on teenagers' use of MSN® for online friendship development. Both media richness and communication control contributed to MSN's overall functionality and teenagers' self-presentation and friendship development. Media richness positively influenced both social and task communications and shortened the time needed to

Vivian C. Sheer

2011-01-01

149

Media and Aging: A Critical Review of an Expanding Field of Communication Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes studies in the field of media and aging within six categories: media-use behavior and demographic characteristics of the aging audience; related media content; effects on individual's responses to aging; social consequences of the interrelationship between media and aging; structure and function of media organizations; and strategies…

Barton, Richard L.; Schreiber, Elliot

1978-01-01

150

A Subcultural Account of Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most laboratory and field studies into media effect have focussed on aggressive drive or attitude. Overall, their results suggest that a relationship exists between media violence and personal aggression -though the findings are by no means clear-cut. In contrast to this assessment, the present paper asserts that the mass media exert no proven influence at all. Reinterpreting previous work and

Dennis Howitt; Richard Dembo

1974-01-01

151

Thank you for joining: Social Media Ideas for Small Businesses  

E-print Network

*Social Media & Crisis Communications *Effective Communication When It Counts Our Discussion *Today we social media *Ideas for incorporating online networks into marketing and communications activities #12 * Building Your Brand #12;Why Small Business Owners Use Social Media Getting Started Considerations

Vertes, Akos

152

Otitis Media, the Quality of Child Care, and the Social/Communicative Behavior of Toddlers: A Replication and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of otitis media (OM) and the quality of child care on the social and communicative behaviors of toddlers, using a cumulative risk framework that included moderation. The study followed 72 children who began child care in infancy. Both process and structural aspects of the quality of 11 child…

Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Manlove, Elizabeth E.

2005-01-01

153

Effect of electronic media on children.  

PubMed

Radio, television (TV), movies, video games, cell phones, and computer networks have assumed central roles in our children's daily lives. The media has demonstrated potentially profound effects, both positive and negative, on children's cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Considering the increasing exposure of children to newer forms of media, we decided to review the current literature on the effects of media on child health both in the Western countries and India. It is widely accepted that media has profound influence on child health, including violence, obesity, tobacco and alcohol use, and risky sexual behaviors. Simultaneously, media may have some positive effects on child health. We need to find ways to optimize the role of media in our society, taking advantage of their positive attributes and minimizing their negative ones. We need to understand better how to reverse the negative impact of media and make it more positive. PMID:20683108

Ray, Munni; Jat, Kana Ram

2010-07-01

154

Effective Organization and Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning activity from The Mechatronics Education CenterâÂÂs Project SHINE develops studentsâ interpersonal, leadership and communication skills. The lesson asks students to take part in a local blood drive and make telephone calls to set up donor appointments. The entire process will teach students how such an event is planned, organized and executed. In particular, students will learn how to sound professional over the phone and in person. The activity requires about ten 50-minute class periods to organize and is intended for use as a long-term class project.

Guggenmos, Kelly

2010-12-24

155

Communication and Russia: Evolving media in a changing society  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the midst of societal change, even chaos, the Russian media are striving to establish their role in that change, in society and in the political process. The evolution of Russian media, and the factors influencing that evolution, ensure that the result will be significantly different than the expected typical Western model. Based on personal interviews with senior media executives,

Laurie J. Wilson

1995-01-01

156

Doug MacLellan 2014 Communication, Media and Film  

E-print Network

television, film, the web, emerging new media platforms and mobile devices. The messages we receive through and to consider the fundamental role that various media play in our everyday lives. We will also engage you advocacy and community/alternative media � Education (with additional studies) Admission Requirements

157

75 FR 25110 - Inmate Communication With News Media: Removal of Byline Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Bureau of Prisons 28 CFR Part 540 [BOP-1149] RIN 1120-AB49 Inmate Communication With News Media: Removal of Byline Regulations AGENCY: Bureau of Prisons, Justice Department. ACTION: Interim final...

2010-05-07

158

Health Communications: Nursing Education for Increased Visibility and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)

Chaffee, Mary

2000-01-01

159

Effective Language for Communicating Children's Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintaining that only by integrating communications into program planning and policy can Kids Count grantees and other child advocates achieve their goals, this document presents four studies examining the ways in which the media currently frame children's issues, the consequences of those frames, and possibilities for reframing media depictions…

Coalition for America's Children, Washington, DC.

160

The media and communication professions and needs of education until the year 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Background Our paper is based on a study that aims to identify current trends in the Finnish media industry and the educational needs of media and communications professionals. All levels of the Finnish education system (vocational education, polytechnics, university education and vocational adult education) are included in the study. The project has been funded by the European Social Fund

Pentti Raittila

161

Early communicative intents expressed by 12-month- old children with and without chronic otitis media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study compares the early communication of 12- month-old children with and without chronic otitis media during interactions with their parents. Results indicated that children with chronic otitis media used significantly fewer nonverbal strategies to help parents interpret their otherwise unintelligible vocaliz ations than their healthy peers did. The two groups were similar in early lexical development and some

Kristine M. Yont; Catherine E. Snow; Lynne Vernon-Feagans

2001-01-01

162

Historical Development of Media Systems. II. German Democratic Republic. Communication and Society 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a study of the systems of mass communication in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) that concentrated on the ideological and political bases of mass media as they developed after the Second World War. Topics discussed include (1) the history of journalism in the GDR, (2) the roles of the various media in that country, (3)…

Dusiska, Emil

163

Shaping American Political Discourse through Media Punditry and Ideological Pontification. (Mass Communication Instructional Unit.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructor uses a unique instructional paradigm in his MCOM 1003/Introduction to Mass Communication course at Southern Arkansas University (SAU) in a unit on media and politics. According to his students, one of the most popular learning strategies is the use of original edited videos that focus on dubious practices by some media professionals.…

Reppert, James E.

164

Mass Media and Marketing Communication Promoting Primary and Secondary Cancer Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often seek and receive cancer information from mass media (including television, radio, print media, and the Internet), and marketing strategies often inform cancer information needs assessment, message development, and channel selection. In this article, we present the discussion of a 2-hour working group convened for a cancer communications workshop held at the 2008 Society of Behavioral Medicine meeting in

Peggy Hannon; Gareth P. Lloyd; K. Viswanath; Tenbroeck Smith; Karen Basen-Engquist; Sally W. Vernon; Gina Turner; Bradford W. Hesse; Corinne Crammer; Christian von Wagner; Cathy L. Backinger

2009-01-01

165

Training for Intercultural Media Competence: Multimedia Tools for Intercultural Communications in the International English Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalization of English facilitated by telecommunications media fosters the illusion of one common world village beyond the schizms of cultural difference. This paper examines the complex web of relationships among language, culture and media variables that operate beneath the surface of intercultural communication in English. International students that come to North America to study English are in a particularly

John Leih

1997-01-01

166

Active Media: A framework for digital media effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper defines active media as a new paradigm that captures the richness of digital media in affecting every aspect of our lives. The term active media embraces interactive, coactive, and proactive digital media. Active media provide more dynamic and individualized experiences, and target recipients more accurately. Active media allow the integration of different human-centric systems into the era of

Jamil Alio; Mohammad Ibrahim; David Pickton; Marie Bassford

2008-01-01

167

Better Communicators Effectively Expressing Your Ideas  

E-print Network

Better Communicators Effectively Expressing Your Ideas Adapted from: Venable, M. (2011, September 16). The 7 cs of effective communication in your online course. Retrieved from http://www.onlinecollege.org/2011/09/16/the-7-cs-of-effective- communication-in-your-online-course/ The Seven C's of Communication

Kasman, Alex

168

STRUCTURING HIERARCHICAL DEFERENCE AND SOLIDARITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CHANGING COMMUNICATIONS MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the extent to which the introduction of communications media triggered shifts in broader structural arrangements as enacted in the distribution of power and as signalled by patterns of language use. It sampled the ongoing communications between the North American managers of an international aid and peace organization and their direct reports located in Africa, as the medium

Céleste M. Brotheridge

2008-01-01

169

Media Transformations for the Representation and Communication of Multimedia Production Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case studies made of multimedia document production highlight the need for a means of classifying and describing the transformations of media elements which make up this process. The classification set out here contains twelve types belonging to two categories, constructive and supportive. A set of transformatio n representation rules provides the framework for succinct communication between production participants. This communication

S. Morris

1998-01-01

170

Hypermasculinity In The Media: When Men Walk Into The Fog To Avoid Affective Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Men's tendency to exhibit withdrawal behaviors during affective communication has been shown to be a point of contention in romantic discord. The current study was designed to examine whether men's desire to facilitate a discussion regarding affective communication would be affected by media portrayals of subtle versus blatant withdrawal; the latter epitomized by a hypermasculine man who opts to leave

Avi Ben-Zeev; Liz Scharnetzki; Lann K. Chan; Tara C. Dennehy

2012-01-01

171

Scholarly communication and possible changes in the context of social media : A Finnish case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The focus of this paper is to study the influence of social media on scholarly communication. The aim is to provide an overview of researchers' use of Web 2.0 techniques, and discuss a possible change of information behaviors in the context of scholarly communication. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A web survey was distributed to a targeted sample of university staff

Feng Gu; Gunilla Widén-Wulff

2011-01-01

172

"Causal" Communication: Media Portrayals and Public Attributions for Vietnam Veterans' Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of "causal" communication, the communication of attribution-related information, investigated the relationship of exposure to mass media (especially film) depictions of Vietnam veterans to perceived causes for the problems facing a number of Vietnam veterans. The study further extends attribution theory to social interaction and…

Griffin, Robert J.; Sen, Shaikat

173

Fast, Broad, and Frequent: Campus Crisis Communications Today Demand Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of communication during a school crisis has not changed in the 21st century. What has changed--and quite dramatically since 1999--is the way people communicate. Social media tools are now used in some form by 100 percent of all four-year universities in the United States as a way to reach students, according to a 2011 University of…

Liggett, Billy

2012-01-01

174

News Media and Diplomacy: Roles, Relationships and Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting and influencing foreign policy, the mass media are important, if nontraditional, diplomatic channels. The role the news media assume, ranging from neutral to participant, depends largely on the society within which it operates. Journalists in authoritarian governments, for example, who rely on press releases and briefings of foreign…

Bullion, Stuart James

175

Communications media and current-events knowledge among college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 863 U.S. college students enrolled at a large Midwestern university were polled in an effort to ascertain what media sources a representative sample of college students might utilize most extensively; to gauge their actual knowledge of current events; and, finally, to compare responses obtained with reported types of media exposure.

Christopher J. Lucas; Charles D. Schmitz

1988-01-01

176

Media Coverage of the Greenhouse Effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following brief reviews of (a) the decisive role of the media in American politics and (b) earlier studies of media partiality and superficiality, this paper examines media coverage of the greenhouse effect. It does so by comparing two pictures. The first picture emerges from reading all 100 greenhouse-related articles published over a five-month period (May-September 1997) in The Christian Science

Moti Nissani

1999-01-01

177

Media coverage of the greenhouse effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following brief reviews of (a) the decisive role of the media in American politics and (b) earlier studies of media partiality\\u000a and superficiality, this paper examines media coverage of the greenhouse effect. It does so by comparing two pictures. The\\u000a first picture emerges from reading all 100 greenhouse-related articles published over a five-month period (May–September 1997)\\u000a inThe Christian Science Monitor,

Moti Nissani

1999-01-01

178

A face to face communication using real-time media conversion system  

Microsoft Academic Search

User friendly human interfaces have received great attention recently. Our goal is to realize a natural human-machine communication environment by giving a face to the computer terminal or communication system. In order to construct such an interface, a real synthesised image in real-time is needed. In this paper, we develop a real-time media conversion system and examine the communication between

Naoya Miyashita; Tatsumi Sakaguchi; S. Morishima

1996-01-01

179

A New Dimension of Health Care: Systematic Review of the Uses, Benefits, and Limitations of Social Media for Health Communication  

PubMed Central

Background There is currently a lack of information about the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals from primary research. Objective To review the current published literature to identify the uses, benefits, and limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals, and identify current gaps in the literature to provide recommendations for future health communication research. Methods This paper is a review using a systematic approach. A systematic search of the literature was conducted using nine electronic databases and manual searches to locate peer-reviewed studies published between January 2002 and February 2012. Results The search identified 98 original research studies that included the uses, benefits, and/or limitations of social media for health communication among the general public, patients, and health professionals. The methodological quality of the studies assessed using the Downs and Black instrument was low; this was mainly due to the fact that the vast majority of the studies in this review included limited methodologies and was mainly exploratory and descriptive in nature. Seven main uses of social media for health communication were identified, including focusing on increasing interactions with others, and facilitating, sharing, and obtaining health messages. The six key overarching benefits were identified as (1) increased interactions with others, (2) more available, shared, and tailored information, (3) increased accessibility and widening access to health information, (4) peer/social/emotional support, (5) public health surveillance, and (6) potential to influence health policy. Twelve limitations were identified, primarily consisting of quality concerns and lack of reliability, confidentiality, and privacy. Conclusions Social media brings a new dimension to health care as it offers a medium to be used by the public, patients, and health professionals to communicate about health issues with the possibility of potentially improving health outcomes. Social media is a powerful tool, which offers collaboration between users and is a social interaction mechanism for a range of individuals. Although there are several benefits to the use of social media for health communication, the information exchanged needs to be monitored for quality and reliability, and the users’ confidentiality and privacy need to be maintained. Eight gaps in the literature and key recommendations for future health communication research were provided. Examples of these recommendations include the need to determine the relative effectiveness of different types of social media for health communication using randomized control trials and to explore potential mechanisms for monitoring and enhancing the quality and reliability of health communication using social media. Further robust and comprehensive evaluation and review, using a range of methodologies, are required to establish whether social media improves health communication practice both in the short and long terms. PMID:23615206

Hazlett, Diane E; Harrison, Laura; Carroll, Jennifer K; Irwin, Anthea; Hoving, Ciska

2013-01-01

180

Media Effects on Ethnic Identity among Linguistic Majorities and Minorities: A Longitudinal Study of a Bilingual Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on media effects has documented the media's influence on beliefs and behavior while cross-cultural psychology has documented the effects of the language used in communication on identification with the ingroup and the outgroup. Media usage in the outgroup language should, therefore, affect identification patterns. This research…

Clement, Richard; Baker, Susan C.; Josephson, Gordon; Noels, Kimberly A.

2005-01-01

181

Marketing Communications Platform Marketing Communications Platform is a powerful capability for personalizing and disbursing  

E-print Network

Communication Effectiveness Tracker Rules Adapter Target List Creator Raw List List Creation Rules & Interface) Communication Media Interface Communication Effectiveness Tracker Rules Adapter AuthoringApplication (campaignMarketing Communications Platform Marketing Communications Platform is a powerful capability

Fisher, Kathleen

182

Communication and Social Change: A Summary of Theories, Policies and Experiences for Media Practitioners in the Third World. Communication Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for media practitioners in developing nations, this manual summarizes theories, policies, and experiences pertaining to the role of communication in Third World societies. The nine major headings of the manual are as follows: (1) Explanation of Terms: Theoretical Considerations; (2) Developing-Country Research: From Cultural Arrogance to…

Kunczik, Michael

183

Effects of Media Coverage on Demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food safety crises usually receive widespread publicity and an extensive media coverage which evidently is mainly negative. Based on previous research, the purpose of this article is to illustrate the impact of positive and negative food safety information on demand both in the short and long term. Apparently, asymmetric effects of media coverage provoke a shift in the consumers' perception

Leef H. Dierks

2004-01-01

184

Effective educators are culturally competent communicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective formal education or schooling is not simply a matter of teaching and learning curriculum content. It is also about values, assumptions, feelings, perceptions and relationships. No education can take place without interpersonal communication. Effective teaching can thus be qualié ed in terms of relating effectively in the classroom. Effective education thus also presupposes effective communication skills. Communication as the

Johann le Roux

2002-01-01

185

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part VI: Mass Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mass Media Effects section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 13 papers: "The Nature of the Public's Objections to Television Programs: An Examination of Third-Person Effects" (Guy E. Lometti and others); "An Examination of the Relationship of Structural Pluralism, News Role and Source Use with Framing in the…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

186

Computer-mediated communication and collaborative writing: media influence and adaptation to communication constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to contingency theory, tasks involving high levels of uncertainty and equivocality require a communication medium that permits interactive, expressive communication. The theory of adaptive structuration, however, takes a more dynamic view of the relationship between communication technology and communication behavior, recognizing the malleability of human behavior as well as the adaptability of technology. According to the structuration perspective, individuals

Jolene Galegher; Robert E. Kraut

1992-01-01

187

11.204 Planning, Communications, and Digital Media, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Subject focuses on methods of digital visualization and communication and their application to planning issues. Lectures introduce methods for describing or representing a place and its residents, for simulating actions ...

Hoyt, Lorlene M.

188

Crowdsourcing affective responses for predicting media effectiveness  

E-print Network

Emotion is key to the effectiveness of media, whether it be in influencing memory, likability or persuasion. Stories and narratives, even if fictional, have the ability to induce a genuine emotional response. However, the ...

McDuff, Daniel Jonathan

2014-01-01

189

Effectively executing a comprehensive marketing communication strategy.  

PubMed

Marketers are under increasing scrutiny from their management to demonstrate accountability for the resources they receive. Three models are presented to help marketers execute their customer communication activities more effectively. Benefits of using the "Identification of Strategic Communication Elements," "Business Communication" and "Communications Management Process" models include (1) more effective upfront strategic and tactical planning, (2) ensuring key communication principles are addressed, (3) easier communication program communication, (4) provides a framework for program evaluation and market research and (5) increases the creative thinking marketers need when addressing the major marketing challenges. The ultimate benefit is the greater likelihood of more positive marketing results. PMID:19042530

Gombeski, William R; Taylor, Jan; Piccirilli, Ami; Cundiff, Lee; Britt, Jason

2007-01-01

190

Effective Fall 2010 MINOR IN COMMUNICATION STUDIES  

E-print Network

Effective Fall 2010 MINOR IN COMMUNICATION STUDIES The minor in Communication Studies consists (Communication Theory) and at least 6 credit hours taken at the 3000 level and above. Students must attain to declare Communication Studies as their minor must have an overall GPA of at least 2.0 Required Courses (6

Raja, Anita

191

Effect of electronic media on children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio, television (TV), movies, video games, cell phones, and computer networks have assumed central roles in our children’s\\u000a daily lives. The media has demonstrated potentially profound effects, both positive and negative, on children’s cognitive,\\u000a social, and behavioral development. Considering the increasing exposure of children to newer forms of media, we decided to\\u000a review the current literature on the effects of

Munni Ray; Kana Ram Jat

2010-01-01

192

Bachelor of Arts in Emerging Media and Communication  

E-print Network

. Students will learn how to create compelling Web content, use social media intelligently, work and connecting with campus recruiters, among other services. High School Preparation Students who wish to major unit of writing skills · Three units of a single foreign language · Four units of math · Three units

O'Toole, Alice J.

193

Designing interactivity in media interfaces: a communications perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactivity has become ubiquitous in the digital media landscape. Numerous interactive tools are designed, tested, deployed and evaluated. Yet, we do not have generalizable knowledge about the larger concept of interactivity and its psychological impact on user experience. As a first step toward a theory of interface interactivity, this paper identifies three species of interactivity corresponding to three central elements

S. Shyam Sundar; Qian Xu; Saraswathi Bellur

2010-01-01

194

Social Media: More Than Just a Communications Medium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper draws attention to emerging national security challenges that the U.S. government and the U.S. military are likely to grapple with as a direct result of social media's increasingly disruptive influence. Accordingly, ideas contained herein will ...

I. T. Thomas

2012-01-01

195

On the Responsible Use of Communication Media for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as Bob Heinich states that technology makes instruction visible (1970, 1971), putting the professional ethics into practice makes technology visible. The window for social insight into teachers' professional field is open to a particular view at the present. There are learner questions surrounding the use of media which need answering and…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

2009-01-01

196

Communication as group process media of aircrew performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study of group process was motivated by a high-fidelity flight simulator project in which aircrew performance was found to be better when the crew had recently flown together. Considering recent operating experience as a group-level input factor, aspects of the communication process between crewmembers (Captain and First Officer), were explored as a possible mediator to performance. Communication patterns were defined by a speech act typology adapted for the flightdeck setting and distinguished crews that had previously flown together (FT) from those that had not flown together (NFT). A more open communication channel with respect to information exchange and validation and greater First Officer participation in task-related topics was shown by FT crews while NFT crews engaged in more non-task discourse, a speech mode less structured by roles and probably serving a more interpersonal function. Relationships between the speech categories themselves, representing linguistic, and role-related interdependencies provide guidelines for interpreting the primary findings.

Kanki, B. G.; Foushee, H. C.

1989-01-01

197

Communicate and Motivate: The School Leader's Guide to Effective Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develop the skills you need to communicate effectively and in ways that motivate your faculty towards success. Written especially for principals and other administrators, this book will empower you to communicate well as you work to promote a student-centered environment best suited to schoolwide achievement. Learn to approach one-on-one…

Arneson, Shelly

2011-01-01

198

Appropriateness and Effectiveness of Communication Channels in Competent Interpersonal Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines perceived appropriateness and effectiveness of six communication channels (face-to-face, telephone, voice mail, electronic mail, letter, and fax) used in relation to undergraduate students' interpersonal communication motives (inclusion, affection, control, relaxation, escape, and pleasure) in other-directed and self-directed…

Westmyer, Stephanie A.; DiCioccio, Rachel L.; Rubin, Rebecca B.

1998-01-01

199

Does Culture Interact with Media Richness? The Effects of Audio vs. Video Conferencing on Chinese and American Dyads  

E-print Network

Does Culture Interact with Media Richness? The Effects of Audio vs. Video Conferencing on Chinese understanding about how features of communication media interact with culture to influence interpersonal an overview of a laboratory study we conducted to examine interactions between culture and media

Fussell, Susan R.

200

The Effects of Communication on Technological Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between communication and technological innovation. It focused on the patterns of technical communication among researchers and organizations to find out if these patterns had any effect on the success of technological innovation. The objectives were to: (1) investigate the effects of communication on technological innovation at an individual level, and (2) study the effects of

Yar M. Ebadi; James M. Utterback

1984-01-01

201

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Part VIII: Mass Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mass Media Effects section of the proceedings contains the following eight papers: "The Spiral of Static: A Multivariate Analysis of a Public Opinion Theory Applied to Perception of Radio Station Popularity" (Terry Wedel and Tony Rimmer); "More Than Just Talk: Uses, Gratifications and the Telephone" (Garrett J. O'Keefe and Barbara K.…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

202

Watergate WordsA Naturalistic Study of Media and Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the substantial literature identifying visual cues of importance in social interaction, comparisons of conversations with and without vision have not indicated that the communication processes are much affected by the absence of vision. This lack of results could in part be due to the novelty engendered by the experimental situations. This paper reports a study in which telephone and

Chris Wilson; Ederyln Williams

1977-01-01

203

Effects of Media on Female Body Image: Myth or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the media's influence on female body image. differentiating between the effects of print and electronic media. Results suggest that print media have a direct, immediate, and negative effect on female body image, while no such relationship exists for electronic media. Results also indicate that exploring only exposure to media images is…

Bryla, Karen Y.

2002-01-01

204

Communication and Media Studies Page 89Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES  

E-print Network

- ary program that prepares students for careers in the media or for advanced graduate study study, and critical analysis. Practical application combines basic training in equipment operation; · Career roles such as television producer, sports announcer, or reporter; and · Preparation for graduate

Ravikumar, B.

205

Communication in time-frequency spread media using adaptive equalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In high-speed communication through a medium with time-frequency spread (such as in HF ionospheric, sonic underwater, and voice-quality telephone line transmission), the transmission speed and system errors are determined by an overall system variance (or equivalent noise). This overall variance comprises: 1) the intersymbol interference variance from time spread (or dispersion in the unit impulse response of the medium); 2)

MICHAEL J. DI TORO

1968-01-01

206

Telemedicine: Its Effects on Health Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes telemedicine, the use of distant communication technologies within the context of clinical health care, and the effects it has on health communication. The main effect is that telemedicine has the capacity to substantially transform health care in both positive and negative ways and to radically modify personal face-to-face communication (Turner, 2003). This has tremendous implications for health

Jonathan Matusitz; Gerald-Mark Breen

2007-01-01

207

Communication as group process media of aircrew performance.  

PubMed

This study of group process was motivated by a high-fidelity flight simulator project in which aircrew performance was found to be better when the crew had recently flown together. Considering recent operating experience as a group-level input factor, aspects of the communication process between crewmembers (Captain and First Officer), were explored as a possible mediator to performance. Communication patterns were defined by a speech act typology adapted for the flightdeck setting and distinguished crews that had previously flown together (FT) from those that had not flown together (NFT). A more open communication channel with respect to information exchange and validation and greater First Officer participation in task-related topics was shown by FT crews while NFT crews engaged in more non-task discourse, a speech mode less structured by roles and probably serving a more interpersonal function. Relationships between the speech categories themselves, representing linguistic, and role-related interdependencies provide guidelines for interpreting the primary findings. PMID:2730482

Kanki, B G; Foushee, H C

1989-05-01

208

The Great Puerto Rico ShakeOut - A Communications and Media Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On October 18, 2012 the Puerto Rico Seismic Network (PRSN) in collaboration with Puerto Rico Emergency Management Agency (PREMA) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will be conducting the first Great Puerto Rico ShakeOut. Adequate communications strategies and redundant dissemination methods are a key component for the success of this earthquake exercise. EAS and NOAA Radio messages, indicating the beginning of the earthquake drill, will help emergency managers and the general public better coordinate their practices. Dissemination tools routinely used as part of PRSN earthquake and tsunami protocols, such as PRSNDANIS Broadcast, Ring Down, Ham Radio, RSS, SMS, fax and email service lists, will also be tested. Emergency Management and First Response Agencies at local, regional and state level are being asked to report the times the messages are received, thus allowing us to better assess the effectiveness of our dissemination methods and to establish a baseline for next year ShakeOut. In addition, a partnership with the Puerto Rico Radiobroadcaster Association allows a direct access through this media, facilitating PRSN staff participation on radio programming targeting diverse audiences. Radio spots have been developed to inform the public about the exercise, how to participate, what to do to be safe during an earthquake and how to develop or improve their safety plans. A media approach is critical for the success of the 2012 Puerto Rico ShakeOut since our earthquake drill takes place 2 weeks prior to the Island general election and on the peak-period of the hurricane season.

Soto-Cordero, L.; Huérfano-Moreno, V.; Gómez, G.; Giménez-Porrata, A.; Ramos-Gómez, W.; Colón-Daleccio, N.

2012-12-01

209

GSM Technology as a Communication Media for an Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle GSM Technology as a Communication Media for an  

E-print Network

suites. Data links, such as wireless Ethernet or radio modems that use open frequency bands are often and buildings, etc. GSM and its related technologies GPRS, EDGE, 3GSM offer an interesting communications. A prototype network is presented, that was created between two UAVs and a ground operator using GPRS

Doherty, Patrick

210

The Interplay Between Media Use and Interpersonal Communication in the Context of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors: Reinforcing or Substituting?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore how media use for health information and interpersonal health communication interact in the context of healthy lifestyle behaviors. This study hypothesizes that media use for health information and interpersonal health communication will serve as substitutes for one another. To test this hypothesis, this study uses a nationally representative survey of 2,107 civilian, noninstitutionalized adults in

Chul-joo Lee

2009-01-01

211

Transmedia Storytelling in Science Communication: One Subject, Multiple Media, Multiple Stories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Each communication medium has particular storytelling strengths. For example, video is particularly good at illustrating a progression of events, text at background and context, and games at describing systems. In what USC's Prof. Henry Jenkins described as "transmedia storytelling," multiple media are used simultaneously, in an expansive rather than repetitive way, to better tell a single, complex story. The audience is given multiple entry points to the story, and the story is exposed to diverse and dispersed audiences, ultimately engaging a broader public. We will examine the effectiveness of a transmedia approach to communicating scientific and other complex concepts to a broad and diverse audience. Using the recently developed Educational Visitor Center at the NCAR-Wyoming Supercomputing Center as a case study, we will evaluate the reach of various means of presenting information about the geosciences, climate change and computational science. These will include an assessment of video, mechanical and digital interactive elements, animated movie segments, web-based content, photography, scientific visualizations, printed material and docent-led activities.

Unger, M.; Moloney, K.

2012-12-01

212

A Model of International Communication Media Appraisal: Phase IV, Generalizing the Model to Film.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study tested a causal model of international communication media appraisal using audience evaluations of tests of two films conducted in the Philippines. It was the fourth in a series of tests of the model in both developed and developing countries. In general the model posited determinative relationships between three exogenous variables…

Johnson, J. David

213

NEW MEDIA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TO ENHANCE AND IMPROVE COMMUNICATIONS AT USEPA'S NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

New media technology (NT) interactive applications are currently being developed in house at ORD/NRMRL to enhance and improve communication of NRMRL's 1) research projects, 2) workshops/conferences and 3) specialized training. NT is an exciting mix of cutting-edge information tec...

214

Media, Information Communication Technologies, and Youth LiteraciesA Cultural Studies Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everyday literacy practices are changing at an unprecedented pace, and speculation as to the impact of media and interactive communication technologies on current conceptions of youth’s reading, writing, and viewing is evident on many fronts. The implications of this for teacher educators and classroom teachers are discussed.

Donna E. Alvermann

2004-01-01

215

Technical Report 2012-06-01 Internetworking and Media Communications Research Laboratories  

E-print Network

Technical Report 2012-06-01 Internetworking and Media Communications Research Laboratories. INTRODUCTION The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS") in 1996 created the Health Insurance sharing patients' medical health information and we will refer to this information as protected health

Khan, Javed I.

216

Roadmap: Exploratory Communication, Journalism and Media Interest Area [US-XX-EXPL-CJRM  

E-print Network

-5 Enrollment based on placement tests Kent Core Social Sciences 3 Semester Two: [15 Credit Hours] US 20008Roadmap: Exploratory ­ Communication, Journalism and Media Interest Area [US graduation. Course Subject and Title Credit Hours Min. Grade Important Notes Semester One: [13-15 Credit

Sheridan, Scott

217

The Formative Period of Listen Look Learn, a Multi-Media Communication Skills System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-year study was conducted in 1965-67 for the following purposes: (1) to evaluate the materials and techniques of a new beginning reading program, Listen Look Learn (LLL) Multi-Media Communication Skills System, in order to make revisions where necessary and (2) to compare the LLL system in its formative stage with that of basal reader programs.…

Heflin, Virginia A.; And Others

218

MASTER OF ARTS IN COMMUNICATION & NEW MEDIA at McMASTER ADMISSIONS DEADLINE  

E-print Network

-publication and engagement in faculty research and creative projects. COURSE LOAD 5 one-term courses + proseminar + major ON TO DO The program prepares students for further graduate education in the areas of communication, media/gender & sexuality/cultural appropriation) #12;Christine Quail, PhD (political economy/television studies

Haykin, Simon

219

Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining both qualitative and quantitative approaches, this introductory text addresses media and communication research methods. Written for beginning research students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, the book is clear, concise, and accompanied by many detailed examples. Attention-grabbing dialogue begins each chapter and gives…

Berger, Arthur Asa

220

Achieving Scientific Literacy through the Mass Media and Other Communication Technologies: A NASA Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative research approach was used to investigate the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) educational efforts in achieving scientific literacy through mass media and other communication technologies. Six in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with various NASA education and public affairs officers throughout the…

Yates, Bradford L.

221

Stepping up for democracy: using new communication media to revitalize citizen participation in climate change activism  

E-print Network

face oppression by the hegemonic power of the political right and, in the case of climate activism, anti-climate-science discourse. I use the case study of the climate action movement to explore how contemporary activists use new communication media...

Minion, Jodi Michele

2009-05-15

222

Prior experience and communication media in establishing common ground during collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated the nature of establishing com- mon ground during collaborative problem solving. Our goal was to investigate the following two points: (1) if the estab- lishment of common ground leads to successful problem solv- ing, and (2) how the two factors, communication experience and the richness of media, affect the establishment of com- mon ground. We

Yugo Hayashi

223

Digital Cultural Communication: Enabling new media and co­creation in South­East Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital Cultural Communication (DCC) is a new field of research and design which seeks to build a co­creative relationship between the cultural institution and the community by using new media to produce audience­focused cultural interactive experiences (Russo and Watkins 2005). By situating the development of cultural communities within DCC, the institution adopts a more representative curatorial practice and benefits through

Angelina Russo; Jerry Watkins

224

Applications and implementations of new media in corporate communications : An action research approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Advances in new media and web technology are making it easier for organizations and their employees, suppliers, customers and stakeholders to participate in the creation and management of content. It is therefore, useful to understand how a corporate communication strategy can leverage these trends. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the take-up and use of new

Greg Hearn; Marcus Foth; Heather Gray

2009-01-01

225

Media Use, Democratic Citizenship, and Communication Gaps in a Developing Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to most previous scholarship that has examined political communication gaps within developed polities, this study examines the role of such gaps in a developing democracy with high levels of social stratification. Employing the 2001 Afrobarometer survey conducted in Mali, this study examined the association between forms of media use (radio, newspaper, and television) and individual political knowledge, participation,

Erik C. Nisbet

2008-01-01

226

Media Models and Advertising Effects: Conceptualization and Theoretical Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines media models' conceptualization of the role of media selection in creating advertising effects and discusses their theoretical implications. The theory structures of nine published media models were analyzed. Media models were classified into (1) evaluation models, (2) allocation models, and (3) interaction models. Although the models provide a holistic view of how media selection affects advertising responses,

Louisa Ha

1995-01-01

227

Social Media in School Emergency Management: Using New Media Technology to Improve Emergency Management Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Media is the use of social networking sites, messaging sites, texting, and other web-based or mobile technologies to support social interaction. Facebook is by far the most widely used social networking site. Twitter is by far the most widely used messaging site. The goals of this presentation are: (1) To provide an understanding of the…

Stephens, Kim

2011-01-01

228

Culture and Communication: Towards an Ethnographic Critique of Media Consumption in the Transnational Media System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The irresistible march of transnational media has given rise to widely experienced problems concerning cultural autonomy and identity. The research tradition of `cultural studies' offers a very appropriate and distinctive way of analysing these questions, especially by means of a critical ethnography of reception. The tendency in some recent reception research to celebrate `the popular' as a source of resistance

Ien Ang

1990-01-01

229

Unsubscribe, pleeezz!!!: management and training of media competence in computer-mediated communication.  

PubMed

Computer-mediated communication (CMC) has created a new communication divide. Mostly, this division is due to technical and access problems. Overlooked is yet another divide in terms of user communication competence. This contribution focuses on media competence based on theories about communication competence and theories about CMC. Two field studies are presented: an analysis of a virtual seminar chat communication (22 participants, 3 weeks' duration) and an analysis of unsubscribe-failures within 2 years of a German mailing list (average of 1,000 subscriptions). Data from both studies reveal that help-seeking CMC users with low media-specific competence experience setbacks in terms of interpersonal relations and information gathering. There is a spiral of neutral to negative reactions and an increase in stress and aggression-related language in the reaction of the addressed peers. From the perspective of external raters, we found a contraintuitive result: The style, content, and wording of the message of the respondent is considered as an indicator for a less competent and socially attractive person behind the follow-up message than those of the initial message. On the one hand, media experts are needed and appreciated as technical problem-solvers; on the other hand, they might be perceived as socially narrow-minded freaks who are less interested in the task itself than in CMC-based task completion. This leads to the question of how sensibility for the social context, task orientation, and media competence can be combined (and trained for) in one person. Two competence trainings for text-based synchronous and asynchronous communication are introduced as interventions. PMID:12216697

Jonas, Kai J; Boos, Margarete; Sassenberg, Kai

2002-08-01

230

The Communication Studies major is designed to give you the background in general communication while providing the opportunity to learn about media, interpersonal and organizational communication. Depending upon your interests, the  

E-print Network

-profit management through the School of PublicAdministration. School of Communication · Western Michigan UniversityThe Communication Studies major is designed to give you the background in general communication while providing the opportunity to learn about media, interpersonal and organizational communication

de Doncker, Elise

231

Internet and Social Media For Health-Related Information and Communication in Health Care: Preferences of the Dutch General Population  

PubMed Central

Background Health care is increasingly featured by the use of Web 2.0 communication and collaborative technologies that are reshaping the way patients and professionals interact. These technologies or tools can be used for a variety of purposes: to instantly debate issues, discover news, analyze research, network with peers, crowd-source information, seek support, and provide advice. Not all tools are implemented successfully; in many cases, the nonusage attrition rates are high. Little is known about the preferences of the Dutch general population regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Objective To determine the preferences of the general population in the Netherlands regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Methods A cross-sectional survey was disseminated via a popular Dutch online social network. Respondents were asked where they searched for health-related information, how they qualified the value of different sources, and their preferences regarding online communication with health care providers. Results were weighed for the Dutch population based on gender, age, and level of education using official statistics. Numbers and percentages or means and standard deviations were presented for different subgroups. One-way ANOVA was used to test for statistical differences. Results The survey was completed by 635 respondents. The Internet was found to be the number one source for health-related information (82.7%), closely followed by information provided by health care professionals (71.1%). Approximately one-third (32.3%) of the Dutch population search for ratings of health care providers. The most popular information topics were side effects of medication (62.5%) and symptoms (59.7%). Approximately one-quarter of the Dutch population prefer to communicate with a health care provider via social media (25.4%), and 21.2% would like to communicate via a webcam. Conclusions The Internet is the main source of health-related information for the Dutch population. One in 4 persons wants to communicate with their physician via social media channels and it is expected that this number will further increase. Health care providers should explore new ways of communicating online and should facilitate ways for patients to connect with them. Future research should aim at comparing different patient groups and diseases, describing best practices, and determining cost-effectiveness. PMID:24088272

Engelen, Lucien JLPG; Berben, Sivera AA; Teerenstra, Steven; Samsom, Melvin; Schoonhoven, Lisette

2013-01-01

232

Bio-objects and the media: the role of communication in bio-objectification processes  

PubMed Central

The representation of biological innovations in and through communication and media practices is vital for understanding the nature of “bio-objects” and the process we call “bio-objectification.” This paper discusses two ideal-typical analytical approaches based on different underlying communication models, ie, the traditional (science- and media-centered) and media sociological (a multi-layered process involving various social actors in defining the meanings of scientific and technological developments) approach. In this analysis, the latter is not only found to be the most promising approach for understanding the circulation, (re)production, and (re)configuration of meanings of bio-objects, but also to interpret the relationship between media and science. On the basis of a few selected examples, this paper highlights how media function as a primary arena for the (re)production and (re)configuration of scientific and biomedical information with regards to bio-objects in the public sphere in general, and toward decision-makers, interest groups, and the public in specific. PMID:23771763

Maeseele, Pieter; Allgaier, Joachim; Martinelli, Lucia

2013-01-01

233

A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Controlling the propagation of electromagnetic waves is important to a broad range of applications. Recent advances in controlling wave propagation in random scattering media have enabled optical focusing and imaging inside random scattering media. In this work, we propose and demonstrate a new method to deliver optical power more efficiently through scattering media. Drastically different from the random matrix characterization approach, our method can rapidly establish high efficiency communication channels using just a few measurements, regardless of the number of optical modes, and provides a practical and robust solution to boost the signal levels in optical or short wave communications. We experimentally demonstrated analog and digital signal transmission through highly scattering media with greatly improved performance. Besides scattering, our method can also reduce the loss of signal due to absorption. Experimentally, we observed that our method forced light to go around absorbers, leading to even higher signal improvement than in the case of purely scattering media. Interestingly, the resulting signal improvement is highly directional, which provides a new means against eavesdropping.

Hao, Xiang; Martin-Rouault, Laure; Cui, Meng

2014-07-01

234

A self-adaptive method for creating high efficiency communication channels through random scattering media.  

PubMed

Controlling the propagation of electromagnetic waves is important to a broad range of applications. Recent advances in controlling wave propagation in random scattering media have enabled optical focusing and imaging inside random scattering media. In this work, we propose and demonstrate a new method to deliver optical power more efficiently through scattering media. Drastically different from the random matrix characterization approach, our method can rapidly establish high efficiency communication channels using just a few measurements, regardless of the number of optical modes, and provides a practical and robust solution to boost the signal levels in optical or short wave communications. We experimentally demonstrated analog and digital signal transmission through highly scattering media with greatly improved performance. Besides scattering, our method can also reduce the loss of signal due to absorption. Experimentally, we observed that our method forced light to go around absorbers, leading to even higher signal improvement than in the case of purely scattering media. Interestingly, the resulting signal improvement is highly directional, which provides a new means against eavesdropping. PMID:25070592

Hao, Xiang; Martin-Rouault, Laure; Cui, Meng

2014-01-01

235

Toward a Paradigm of Effective Communication: An Empirical Study of Perceived Communicative Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to determine if general principles of effective communication may be defined, if certain principles may be seen as central to the judgment of an individual's effectiveness, and if such principles of effective communication can affect perceptions of effective and ineffective communicators. Respondents to a 60-item questionnaire…

Feingold, Paul C.

236

Mobile Media Devices and Communication Applications as a Form of Augmentative and Alternative Communication: An Assessment of Family Wants, Needs, and Preferences  

E-print Network

This study assessed the wants, needs, and preferences of families at various stages of the decision-making process relative to mobile media technology as a form of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). A survey entitled "iDevices, AAC...

Meder, Allison

2012-05-31

237

Resilience in an Age of Terrorism: Psychology, Media and Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, research about the psychological effects of terrorism seems to lack pre-trauma research assessing the resilience of the civil population in the face of a terrorist threat. We have developed and tested a conceptual model on the general population in Flanders, Belgium with psychological resilience as the underlying concept. It is vital to know perceptions and behaviors to the

Verleye Gino; Maeseele Pieter; Stevens Isabelle; Speckhard Anne

238

Development of a Perceived Communication Effectiveness Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by research showing that communication is one element that distinguishes teachers rated effective by students from those rated ineffective, a study was undertaken to develop a scale for assessing the perceived communication effectiveness of graduate teaching assistants (GTAs). Two groups, one of undergraduate students and one of their…

Daniel, Arlie

239

Media Compensation Theory: A Darwinian Perspective on Adaptation to Electronic Communication and Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter proceeds from the paradox that virtual work, teams, and collaboration are generally successful, sometimes even\\u000a outperforming face-to-face collaborative work efforts in spite of much theory that predicts the opposite. We review theories\\u000a that have previously been used to explain behavior toward electronic communication media, highlighting a theoretical gap,\\u000a which is partially filled with a new Darwinian perspective called

Donald A. Hantula; Ned Kock; John P. D’Arcy; Darleen M. DeRosa

240

Communicating Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies: Opportunities and Constraints across Media  

E-print Network

partnership websites (Chapter I), news media from states with energy projects proposed or underway (Chapter II), and alternative strategies for communication such as an online educational game for youth (Chapter IV). My study also included focus groups... and to come to their own conclusions. Finally, in focus groups used to evaluate of an online game titled The Adventures of Carbon Bond, I found that it was difficult for participants to discuss environmental issues with students that are viewed...

Feldpausch-Parker, Andrea Marie

2011-10-21

241

A multi-server video monitor system based on stream-media communication technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multi-server video monitor system based on streaming media communication technology is proposed. Large-scale, long-distance monitoring requirements have been met. The video monitor software is researched, which has the function of video restoration, proprietary protocol is used to realize video transmitting smoothly. In the part of the software programming, multi-threaded mechanism and double buffering are used to achieve real-time video

Yinjing Guo; Min Deng; Xianqing Chen; Guangshou Wu; Bin Liu; Huan Huang; Ruiduo Geng

2008-01-01

242

Mass media effects on sex role attitudes of incarcerated men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the impact of the mass media on sex role attitudes of men incarcerated in a maximum security prison. It seems likely that prisoners' attitudes may be shaped by the media during their isolation. There is the possibility that the incarceration experience itself may bolster any media effects and should therefore be explored. Moreover, media socialization with regard

Glenn Fisher

1989-01-01

243

social Media;  

E-print Network

Social media allows individual to interact with one another and build relationships. When companies join the social channels, consumers can interact with them and they can communicate with consumers directly. Social media revolution, it is more than obvious that social media like Facebook, Twitter, Orkut, MySpace, Skype etc., are used extensively for the purpose of communication. One of the most important advantages of the use of social media is the online sharing of knowledge and information among the different groups of people. It is practically impossible to design a marketing strategy without considering social networks. Social media has become really important in today s marketing mix in general and in promoting the new product and existing on in particular. The paper carries out empirical research to understand the effectiveness of social media as a marketing tool.

S. Divya; Bulomine Regi

244

Mass Media and Developing Nations: A Global Perspective of the Present State of Mass Communication and Its Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four features characterize the current global scene in mass communications: (1) an imbalance of resources between industrialized and developing countries, (2) an imbalance of information flow between countries, (3) an irrelevance of media content to the s...

K. Nordenstreng

1974-01-01

245

Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Communication in its many forms is a critical component for an effective Space Grant Program. Good communication is needed within individual Space Grant College/Consortia, for example between consortium affiliates and the consortium program office. Effective communication between the several programs, NASA Headquarters, and NASA field centers also is required. Further, communication among the above program elements, industry, local and state government, and the public also are necessary for meeting program objectives.

Stouffer, Donald D.

1990-01-01

246

Doing the Traditional Media Sidestep: Comparing the Effects of the Internet and Other Nontraditional Media with Traditional Media in the 1996 Presidential Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to scholarship on political communication by examining the extent to which heavy users of the Internet and other non-traditional media differ from heavy users of traditional media in their knowledge of issue stances of Bill Clinton and Bob Dole. Finds that non-traditional media had little influence on political knowledge; and few…

Johnson, Thomas J.; Braima, Mahmoud A. M.; Sothirajah, Jayanthi

1999-01-01

247

EVALUATION AND EFFECTIVE RISK COMMUNICATION WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS  

EPA Science Inventory

To explore a number of questions in the area of risk communications, the Interagency Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease, held a Workshop on Evaluation and Effective Risk Communication which brought together experts from academia, government agencies, an...

248

Assessing Communication Effects on Energy Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a field experiment on alternative ways of prompting energy conservation behavior. The source of the communication was found to influence the number of requests for energy conservation information and the actual consumption of electricity. Repetition of the communication had no effect on either. 36 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

C. Samuel Craig; John M. McCann

1978-01-01

249

ENHANCING SAFETY CULTURE THROUGH EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety communication comes in varying forms including policies and procedures, performance statistics, hazard and incident reports, workplace inductions, risk assessments, and training. Effective communication mechanisms are critical to engage staff in safety activities, to gain cooperation and support, and to maintain a positive safety culture. These mechanisms need to complement the practical and technical safety strategies. Clear and constructive safety

ANGELICA M. VECCHIO-SADUS

250

The Effect of Information Overlap on Communication Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It makes sense that the more information people share, the better they communicate. To evaluate the effect of knowledge overlap on the effectiveness of communication, participants played a communication game where the "director" identified objects to the "addressee". Pairs either shared information about most objects' names (high overlap), or…

Wu, Shali; Keysar, Boaz

2007-01-01

251

Effects of Communication Expectancies, Actual Communication, and Expectancy Disconfirmation on Evaluations of Communicators and Their Communication Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the perseverance of preinteraction expectancies in the face of actual communication behavior, the separate effects of personal attribute and communication expectancies, and the role of expectancy confirmation or disconfirmation on postinteraction evaluations. Confirms the validity of expectancy violations theory. (SR)

Burgoon, Judee K.; Le Poire, Beth A.

1993-01-01

252

Subjective Norms as a Driver of Mass Communication Students' Intentions to Adopt New Media Production Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the impact of subjective norms on mass communication students' intentions to adopt new media production technologies was explored. The results indicated that subjective norms play an instrumental role in explaining behavioral intentions to adopt new media technologies. Moreover, the data indicated that public relations students…

Hopp, Toby M.

2013-01-01

253

A systematic review of the use and effectiveness of social media in child health  

PubMed Central

Background Social media use is highly prevalent among children, youth, and their caregivers, and its use in healthcare is being explored. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review to determine: 1) for what purposes social media is being used in child health and its effectiveness; and 2) the attributes of social media tools that may explain how they are or are not effective. Methods We searched Medline, CENTRAL, ERIC, PubMed, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Alt Health Watch, Health Source, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Web of Knowledge, and Proquest Dissertation and Theses Database from 2000–2013. We included primary research that evaluated the use of a social media tool, and targeted children, youth, or their families or caregivers. Quality assessment was conducted on all included analytic studies using tools specific to different quantitative designs. Results We identified 25 studies relevant to child health. The majority targeted adolescents (64%), evaluated social media for health promotion (52%), and used discussion forums (68%). Most often, social media was included as a component of a complex intervention (64%). Due to heterogeneity in conditions, tools, and outcomes, results were not pooled across studies. Attributes of social media perceived to be effective included its use as a distraction in younger children, and its ability to facilitate communication between peers among adolescents. While most authors presented positive conclusions about the social media tool being studied (80%), there is little high quality evidence of improved outcomes to support this claim. Conclusions This comprehensive review demonstrates that social media is being used for a variety of conditions and purposes in child health. The findings provide a foundation from which clinicians and researchers can build in the future by identifying tools that have been developed, describing how they have been used, and isolating components that have been effective. PMID:24886048

2014-01-01

254

The moderating effect of mindlessness\\/mindfulness upon media richness and social influence explanations of organizational media use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although media use receives considerable attention from organizational communication scholars, empirical data fails to provide clear support for the predominant theoretical models (media richness and social influence). This study presents the construct of mindlessness\\/mindfulness as a factor that may moderate the relationship between variables from existing theory and media use behavior. Building upon the rationale that organizational tasks often require

C. Erik Timmerman

2002-01-01

255

Media Influence on Citizen Attitudes Toward Police Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the 1995 National Opinion Survey of Crime and Justice (NOSCJ), this study examines the effect that media consumption has on attitudes toward police effectiveness. Media consumption consists of hours of television viewing per week, regular viewing of crime drama and primary source of crime news. Employing OLS regression, the results indicate that none of the media variables are significantly

Kenneth Dowler

2002-01-01

256

Analysis of mesoscopic loss effects in anisotropic poroelastic media  

E-print Network

by the theory for laterally homogeneous layers. · Examples for highly heterogeneous Biot's media are alsoAnalysis of mesoscopic loss effects in anisotropic poroelastic media using harmonic finite element, Texas, September 21st 2011 Analysis of mesoscopic loss effects in anisotropic poroelastic media using

Santos, Juan

257

The required intensity and media-richness of communication among strategic partners in new product development projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research draws on theories of new product development (NPD), strategic alliances, the media-richness of communication, and social networks to identify factors that impact communication among NPD projects’ strategic partners. We group these factors under five categories: alliance NPD project characteristics; industry characteristics; degree of innovativeness of the New Product; degree of competition among partners; and the mode of development

Yuosre F. Badir; Barbara Igel

2011-01-01

258

Communication Satellite Technology and Multi-Media Demonstration on-Board ISS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents ongoing preparative activities and the opportunities for a utilization of the European ISS Module COLUMBUS as a testbed for communications and multimedia technology. This can provide a new service to the commercially oriented Space Communication Community and Parties interested in tests of space bound terrestrial applications (e.g. telematics). For this purpose, Astrium SI, Bremen, has studied several options how to test and verify advanced Multi-Media / Broadband Communications of Non-Geostationary Systemes. These activities have been conducted in cooperation with, and/or under contract of, DLR and ESA/ESTEC. With an accordingly equipped platform on-board the European ISS Module COLUMBUS a generic test-bed for Multi- Media-Services, inter-orbit link technology and other to be verified and demonstrated technology may be derived. The advantages of such an universal test service are obvious: - Crew accessibility / maintainability - Return of hardware after test to earth possible - Exposure of equipment to space environment - Fast to be installed experiments (compared to satellite missions) - Reasonable effort by shared installation costs (esp. compared to GEO missions) This may result in a new kind of technology demo missions (e.g. commercial parts applications, experiments of to-the-need scalable duration etc.).

Anspach von Broecker, G. O.; Bank, C.; Kolloge, H.-G.; Brauer, U.; Canovai, G.; Keller, M.

2002-01-01

259

Media Use, Face-to-Face Communication, Media Multitasking, and Social Well-Being Among 8- to 12YearOld Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

An online survey of 3,461 North American girls ages 8–12 conducted in the summer of 2010 through Discovery Girls magazine examined the relationships between social well-being and young girls' media use—including video, video games, music listening, reading\\/homework, e-mailing\\/posting on social media sites, texting\\/instant messaging, and talking on phones\\/video chatting—and face-to-face communication. This study introduced both a more granular measure of

Roy Pea; Clifford Nass; Lyn Meheula; Marcus Rance; Aman Kumar; Holden Bamford; Matthew Nass; Aneesh Simha; Benjamin Stillerman; Steven Yang; Michael Zhou

2012-01-01

260

Remote Leadership, Communication Effectiveness and Leader Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

As remote work arrangements have gained in popularity, workforce dispersion has become increasingly widespread. Little research\\u000a to date has examined how physical distance influences leader–follower communication effectiveness or leader performance. Building\\u000a on top of transformational leadership theory, this paper explores how perceived leader performance is influenced by leadership\\u000a style, physical distance, and communication effectiveness between leaders and followers. A survey

Derrick J. Neufeld; Zeying Wan; Yulin Fang

2010-01-01

261

Traditional media.  

PubMed

Traditional folk media (such as folk theater, dance and textile arts) offer health program managers a potentially powerful method of reaching rural villagers. While modern mass media (such as radio, television, printed matter) may extend messages to larger audiences at lower cost per person reached, their dependence on centralized, urban facilities and staff and their need for uniform, fixed messages often make them less responsive to local situations and specific audience needs. Traditional media use local language and symbols in a format which is familiar, credible and accessible to rural villagers. To be truly appropriate, traditional media (like other technologies) must be adapted to the overall approach, message, and intended audience with which they are used. Integration with modern media may be successful but must be approached cautiously. Evaluation is critical both for adjusting the specific project and for better assessment of the net effectiveness of folk media communication strategies. With appropriate matching of a strategy's central components and thorough consideration of implemenatation and management issues (integration, training, evaluation, funding), traditional fold media can become an extremely effective means of communicating health information. This issue outlines the guidelines for use of traditional media in health communication activities, with special emphasis on live drama puppetry, song and dance, storytelling and proverbs, and pictures, PMID:12268713

1987-01-01

262

Public and Media Communication of Volcanic Hazard Before and During the 2010 Eruption in Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 39 day long explosive eruption in Eyjafjallajökull was the largest natural hazard event in Iceland for decades. It began with a small flank eruption in March, but the main event was the explosive summit eruption. The flooding that resulted from melting of ice at the eruption site posed considerable danger for the local population, fallout of ash made conditions south of the volcano difficult for several weeks, threatening the future of farming in this rural area, and lead to unprecedented disruption to air traffic in Europe and the North Atlantic. About 800 people were evacuated in a hurry three times during these events because of imminent flood hazard, but fortunately no dwellings were damaged and people could usually return to their homes the same day. These events called for extensive media coverage, both locally and internationally. Some staff at research institutes had for several days to devote their time exclusively to giving interviews to the international media. Scientific communication with the local population was mainly conducted through four channels: (1) the web pages of institutions, (2) the national media; (3) indirectly at meetings on the status of the eruption with local and national officials, and (4) public meetings in the affected areas. In addition the scientific community issued daily status reports to the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management, these reports served both national and local Civil Protection officials when preparing their statements on the eruption and answer basic questions from the media. During media communication, it is important to stick to facts, avoid speculation and use plain language without scientific jargon. However, the most critical part of the communication occurred in the years before the eruption through meetings with the local inhabitants. At these meetings the results of a detailed hazard assessment on eruptions in Eyjafjallajökull and the neighboring ice-filled Katla caldera where presented to the communities around these volcanoes. The most dangerous hazard is large scale floods due to melting of glacier ice in eruptions. Further meetings took place where evacuation plans for areas potentially impacted by flooding were presented. These plans have been updated through dialogue with the inhabitants and a drill was held in 2006, where people evacuated their homes and moved to safer ground in nearby villages. This extensive preparation was possible not least because of very active leadership by the local chief of police, his staff and the national coordination body for Civil Protection i.e. the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management. The preparatory meetings provided a very important background for officials, scientists and the local inhabitants. Where communities are small, trust is most easily established through face to face contact at local meetings.

Gylfason, A. G.; Gudmundsson, M. T.; Jakobsdottir, S.; Reynisson, V.

2010-12-01

263

Timelines, Timeframes and Special Effects: software and creative media production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable attention has been paid to discussion about the creative possibilities of digital media production, the broader techno?cultural environment and the pedagogy involved in learning with information and communication technologies. Yet there has been very little detailed discussion about how software actually functions within the learner–computer–product cycle. I argue that software frequently used in the production of digital media by

2005-01-01

264

Social media and organ donor registration: the Facebook effect.  

PubMed

Despite countless media campaigns, organ donation rates in the United States have remained static while need has risen dramatically. New efforts to increase organ donation through public education are necessary to address the waiting list of over 100,000 patients. On May 1, 2012, the online social network, Facebook, altered its platform to allow members to specify "Organ Donor" as part of their profile. Upon such choice, members were offered a link to their state registry to complete an official designation, and their "friends" in the network were made aware of the new status as a donor. Educational links regarding donation were offered to those considering the new organ donor status. On the first day of the Facebook organ donor initiative, there were 13 054 new online registrations, representing a 21.1-fold increase over the baseline average of 616 registrations. This first-day effect ranged from 6.9× (Michigan) to 108.9× (Georgia). Registration rates remained elevated in the following 12 days. During the same time period, no increase was seen in registrations from the DMV. Novel applications of social media may prove effective in increasing organ donation rates and likewise might be utilized in other refractory public health problems in which communication and education are essential. PMID:23777475

Cameron, A M; Massie, A B; Alexander, C E; Stewart, B; Montgomery, R A; Benavides, N R; Fleming, G D; Segev, D L

2013-08-01

265

Time Series Analysis of Alternative Media Effects Theories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted in the Washington, D.C., area to test mass media effects in a community controversy. Five possible theories were hypothesized to explain the effects media have on a community: indirect and direct effects, null effects, agenda setting, reverse effects, and reverse agenda setting. During the 16-month test period of the British…

Watt, James H., Jr.; van den Berg, Sjef A.

266

Effective Communication--The Mortar That Holds the Team Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Techniques for effective communication include determining what is to be accomplished; avoiding generalities; making words and actions congruent; avoiding indirect communication; visualizing ideas; asking for clarification; avoiding unnecessary questions; being aware of how inanimate objects effect communication; avoiding overcommunication; using…

Jorde Bloom, Paula

1993-01-01

267

Teenagers Media Habits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to determine what media most effectively communicated to teenagers, how the media habits of Florida teenagers compared with those in other states, and how the media habits of journalism students compared with those not in journalism. A total of 430 students from Florida high schools and 457 from high schools in other states…

Campbell, Laurence R.

268

Effective Event Identification in Social Media Fotis Psallidas  

E-print Network

Effective Event Identification in Social Media Fotis Psallidas fotis@cs.columbia.edu Columbia Gravano gravano@cs.columbia.edu Columbia University Abstract Online social media sites are extensively, this social media content associated with an event is gen- erally not provided in any structured and readily

Yang, Junfeng

269

Information Feedback and Mass Media Effects in Cultural Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of different forms of information feedback associated with mass media on an agent-agent based model of the dynamics of cultural dissemination. In addition to some processes previously considered, we also examine a model of local mass media influence in cultural dynamics. Two mechanisms of information feedback are investigated: (i) direct mass media influence, where local or

Juan Carlos González-Avella; Mario G. Cosenza; Konstantin Klemm; Víctor M. Eguíluz; Maxi San Miguel

2007-01-01

270

A Social Identity Model of Media Usage and Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a social identity model of media usage and effects. This model explains how the media might cultivate power arrangements (i.e., promote social stasis) on the one hand, and contribute to social change on the other. We argue that current media theories are ill-equipped to meet both of these explanatory challenges. The model integrates (1) social identity processes with

Scott A. Reid; Jessica R. Abrams

271

Packaging communication: attentional effects of product imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a theoretical framework for understanding the communicative effects of product imagery on attention to the brand, specifically, the attentional effects of incorporating a picture or illustration of the product on the packaging of the product. Empirical results from a virtual reality simulation show that package pictures increase shoppers’ attention to the brand. However this effect is contingent,

Robert L. Underwood; Noreen M. Klein; Raymond R. Burke

2001-01-01

272

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely remote groups present specific problems for the resident astronauts, groups of them viewed as ‘communities’, and their associated groups who remain on Earth, including mission controllers, management and astronauts’ families. Notionally feminine group attributes such as adaptive competence, social adaptation skills and social sensitivity will be crucial to the viability of space communities and in the absence of gender equity, ‘staying in touch’ by means of ‘news from home’ becomes more important than ever. A template of news and media forms and technologies is suggested to service those needs and enhance the social viability of future terraforming activities.

Babidge, S.; Cokley, J.; Gordon, F.; Louw, E.

2005-10-01

273

Decline and Fall At the White HouseA Longitudinal Analysis of Communication Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

To isolate the long-range effects of Watergate media exposure per se, regression analysis was used to control for the pre-Watergate levels of political effect variables and usual levels of communication behavior. Data were obtained from a longitudinal study of younger and older voters measured during the political campaigns of 1972 and 1974 and in the midst of the Senate Watergate

Jack M. McLeod; Jane D. Brown; Lee B. Becker; Dean A. Ziemke

1977-01-01

274

The effects of media on sleep.  

PubMed

The media are an important part of young people's lives, but television, computer games, Internet use, cellular phone use, and even book reading threaten healthy sleep. Adults do not fully comprehend the ways in which young people use various media. Media use is a type of behavior that may displace sleep time or shorten it. Media content may lead to overexcitement or cause recurring nightmares. The cellular telephone is a particular threat. Parents may also use media excessively, establishing an unhealthy environment that may lead to sleep dysfunction in children and adolescents. Therefore, anticipatory guidance for healthy behavioral changes should be focused on the family. PMID:21302852

Van den Bulck, Jan

2010-12-01

275

Public Opinion on Mass Media Effects: Perceived Societal Effects and Perceived Personal Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The questionnaire in a study of perceived mass media effects included nine statements about the possible negative effects of the mass media, to which respondents could agree, disagree, or indicate "no opinion," and an open-ended question that asked the subjects what effects the mass media had on them personally. Most of the 340 respondents showed…

Tiedge, James T.

276

Information feedback and mass media effects in cultural dynamics  

E-print Network

We study the effects of different forms of information feedback associated with mass media on an agent-agent based model of the dynamics of cultural dissemination. In addition to some processes previously considered, we also examine a model of local mass media influence in cultural dynamics. Two mechanisms of information feedback are investigated: (i) direct mass media influence, where local or global mass media act as an additional element in the network of interactions of each agent, and (ii) indirect mass media influence, where global media acts as a filter of the influence of the existing network of interactions of each agent. Our results generalize previous findings showing that cultural diversity builds-up by increasing the strength of the mass media influence. We find that this occurs independently of the mechanisms of action (direct or indirect) of the mass media message. However, through an analysis of the full range of parameters measuring cultural diversity, we establish that the enhancement of cul...

Gonzalez-Avella, J C; Klemm, K; Eguiluz, V M; Miguel, M San

2007-01-01

277

CareerFact Sheet BA Communication Arts  

E-print Network

relations, non-profit organizations, media, education and law. The study of Communications Arts develops · Effective writing for all media · An understanding of our media rich world · Oral communication expertise and college teaching · Public relations/social media · Publishing · Research · Sales · Social Work M a n c h e

New Hampshire, University of

278

Different frames, different fears: communicating about chlorinated drinking water and cancer in the Canadian media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk issues become complicated when scientific evidence concerning a potential environmental exposure is equivocal; particularly when many argue that the public health benefits of a policy action outweigh any potential negative health effects. Chlorinated drinking water, and chlorinated disinfection byproducts (CDBPs) that are formed during the disinfection process, represent a useful case-study for examining these complications. We conduct a media

S. Michelle Driedger; John Eyles

2003-01-01

279

The Mediating Role of Knowledge and Efficacy in the Effects of Communication on Political Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explicates the indirect process through which news media use influences political participation. Specifically, it investigates the role of political knowledge and efficacy as mediators between communication and online\\/offline political participation within the framework of an O-S-R-O-R (Orientation-Stimulus-Reasoning-Orientation-Response) model of communication effects. Results from structural equation modeling analysis support the idea that political knowledge and efficacy function as significant

Nakwon Jung; Yonghwan Kim; Homero Gil de Zúñiga

2011-01-01

280

Campaigns, Reflection, and Deliberation: Advancing an O-S-R-O-R Model of Communication Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent communication research concerning participatory politics has found that the effects of media, especially campaign ads, conventional news, and online political resources, are largely mediated through interpersonal discussion about politics. This article extends this line of theorizing about the role of political conversation in citizen competence by testing an O-S-R-O-R model of campaign communication mediation, a modification and extension of

Jaeho Cho; Dhavan V. Shah; Jack M. McLeod; Douglas M. McLeod; Rosanne M. Scholl; Melissa R. Gotlieb

2009-01-01

281

The effect of dissipation in direct communication scheme  

E-print Network

The effect of the dissipation and finite number of beam splitters are discussed. A method using balanced dissipation to improve the communication for finite beam splitters, which greatly increases communication reliability with an expense of decreasing communication efficiency.

Fu Li; Jun-Xiang Zhang; Shi-Yao Zhu

2014-10-11

282

Engaging media in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health and rights in sub-Saharan Africa: experiences and lessons learned  

PubMed Central

Background The mass media have excellent potential to promote good sexual and reproductive health outcomes, but around the world, media often fail to prioritize sexual and reproductive health and rights issues or report them in an accurate manner. In sub-Saharan Africa media coverage of reproductive health issues is poor due to the weak capacity and motivation for reporting these issues by media practitioners. This paper describes the experiences of the African Population and Health Research Center and its partners in cultivating the interest and building the capacity of the media in evidence-based reporting of reproductive health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods The paper utilizes a case study approach based primarily on the personal experiences and reflections of the authors (who played a central role in developing and implementing the Center’s communication and policy engagement strategies), a survey that the Center carried out with science journalists in Kenya, and literature review. Results The African Population and Health Research Center’s media strategy evolved over the years, moving beyond conventional ways of communicating research through the media via news releases and newspaper stories, to varying approaches that sought to inspire and build the capacity of journalists to do evidence-based reporting of reproductive health issues. Specifically, the approach included 1) enhancing journalists’ interest in and motivation for reporting on reproductive health issues through training and competitive grants for outstanding reporting ; 2) building the capacity of journalists to report reproductive health research and the capacity of reproductive health researchers to communicate their research to media through training for both parties and providing technical assistance to journalists in obtaining and interpreting evidence; and 3) establishing and maintaining trust and mutual relationships between journalists and researchers through regular informal meetings between journalists and researchers, organizing field visits for journalists, and building formal partnerships with professional media associations and individual journalists. Conclusion Our experiences and reflections, and the experiences of others reviewed in this paper, indicate that a sustained mix of strategies that motivate, strengthen capacity of, and build relationships between journalists and researchers can be effective in enhancing quality and quantity of media coverage of research. PMID:21679388

2011-01-01

283

THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION ON AMDAHL'S LAW  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION ON AMDAHL'S LAW IN MULTICORE SYSTEMS L. Yavits, A to these effects. In applications with high inter-core communication requirements, the workload should be executed communication). This paper investigates the effect of these synchronization and communication elements

Ginosar, Ran

284

Dynamic effective mass of granular media  

E-print Network

We report an experimental and theoretical investigation of the frequency-dependent effective mass, $\\tilde{M}(\\omega)$, of loose granular particles which occupy a rigid cavity to a given filling fraction, the remaining volume being air of differing humidities. This allow us to study the mechanisms of elastic response and attenuation of acoustic modes in granular media. We demonstrate that this is a sensitive and direct way to measure those properties of the granular medium that are the cause of the changes in acoustic properties of structures containing grain-filled cavities. Specifically, we apply this understanding to the case of the flexural resonances of a rectangular bar with a grain-filled cavity within it. The dominant features of $\\tilde{M}(\\omega)$ are a sharp resonance and a broad background, which we analyze within the context of simple models. We find that: a) These systems may be understood in terms of a height-dependent and diameter-dependent effective sound speed ($\\sim 100-300$ m/s) and an effective viscosity ($\\sim 5\\times 10^4$ Poise). b) There is a dynamic Janssen effect in the sense that, at any frequency, and depending on the method of sample preparation, approximately one-half of the effective mass is borne by the side walls of the cavity and one-half by the bottom. c) By performing experiments under varying humidity conditions we conclude that, on a fundamental level, damping of acoustic modes is dominated by adsorbed films of water at grain-grain contacts in our experiments, not by global viscous dampening. d) There is a monotonically increasing effect of humidity on the dampening of the fundamental resonance within the granular medium which translates to a non-monotonic, but predictable, variation of dampening within the grain-loaded bar.

John Valenza; Chaur-Jian Hsu; Rohit Ingale; Nicolas Gland; Hernán A. Makse; David Linton Johnson

2009-05-08

285

Communicating effectively under risk: On the need for a communication contract for the global society  

E-print Network

1 Communicating effectively under risk: On the need for a communication contract for the global is an important topic in modern environmental engineering. This calls for ethical ground clauses within a communication contract for the global society. How respecting ethical ground clauses of communication may help

286

Virtual Team Leadership: The Effects of Leadership Style and Communication Medium on Team Interaction Styles and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of transformational and transactional leadership styles and communication media on team interaction styles and outcomes. Teams communicated through one of the following three ways: (a) face-to-face, (b) desktop videoconference, or (c) text-based chat. Results indicated that transformational and transactional…

Hambley, Laura A.; O'Neill, Thomas A.; Kline, Theresa J. B.

2007-01-01

287

Comparative Cost-Effectiveness of the Components of a Behavior Change Communication Campaign on HIV\\/AIDS in North India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies show that exposure to entertainment–education-based mass media campaigns is associated with reduction in risk behaviors. Concurrently, there is a growing interest in comparing the cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions taking into account infrastructural and programmatic costs. In such analyses, though few in number, mass media campaigns have fared well. Using data from a mass media communication campaign in

Suruchi Sood; Devaki Nambiar

2006-01-01

288

Effective Utilization of the Mass Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether or not the mass media can successfully be used as a vehicle for creative social and individual change is discussed and brief descriptions are given of successful and unsuccessful campaigns that attempted to improve public attitudes toward certain health problems. Ten recommendations are made for using the mass media

Turner, Norma Haston

289

Effectiveness of Multi-Media Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied Business Technologies, Inc. is in the process of developing multi-media training CD's to support the implementation of its PowerCAMPUS student information system product. Multi-media training is a very powerful tool for achieving objectives. Trainees take the course at a time convenient for them and progress at a pace suited to their…

Smith, Charles W.

290

Media Priming in a Multi-Party Context: A Controlled Naturalistic Study in Political Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates media priming effects in the context of a Summit meeting of European Union (EU) leaders. It differs\\u000a in four ways from most previous non-experimental priming studies: (1) it provides survey data accompanied by a content analysis\\u000a of the news, (2) it compares priming effects on evaluations of a number of political leaders, who differed in their visibility

Wouter van der Brug; Holli A. Semetko; Patti M. Valkenburg

2007-01-01

291

Communication-oriented person-organization fit as a key factor of job-seeking behaviors: millennials' social media use and attitudes toward organizational social media policies.  

PubMed

The main goal of this study was to assess how the millennial generation perceives companies that have different social media policies and how such perception influences key variables for job-seeking behaviors, including perceived person-organization fit (POF), organizational attraction, and job pursuit intention. Results from a univariate general linear model and path analysis supported all of the established hypotheses. In particular, the results revealed that millennials perceived higher POF for a company with organizational policies supporting employees' social media use. Further, organizational attractiveness significantly mediated the relationship between communication-oriented POF and job pursuit intention. PMID:23848961

Cho, Jaehee; Park, Dong Jin; Ordonez, Zoa

2013-11-01

292

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

293

Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for secondary English teachers, the materials and ideas presented here suggest ways to use media in the classroom in teaching visual and auditory discrimination while enlivening classes and motivating students. Contents include "Media Specialists Need Not Apply," which discusses the need for preparation of media educators with…

Allen, Lee E., Ed.

1974-01-01

294

Finding a happy medium: explaining the negative effects of electronic communication on social life at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sometimes observed negative social effects of electronic communication technology are often attributed to the characteristics of the technology itself. Electronic mail, for instance, filters out personal and social cues and provides new capabilities not found in traditional media, and it has been argued that these factors have consequences such as “flaming” and depersonalization. Alternative theoretical perspectives on the impacts

M. Lynne Markus

1994-01-01

295

Media ViolenceThe Effects Are Both Real and Strong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty years of research on the effect of TV violence on children leads to the inescapable conclusion that viewing media violence is related to increases in aggressive attitudes, values, and behaviors. The changes in aggression are both short term and long term, and these changes may be mediated by neurological changes in the young viewer. The effects of media violence

John P. Murray

2008-01-01

296

Media Coverage in a Community Controversy: Initial and Subsequent Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The choice of time lag between variables can affect surveys of public opinion and audience behavior, according to this report on the effects of media coverage of the controversy surrounding the operation of the supersonic transport Concorde out of Dulles Airport, near Washington, D.C. Five theories of media effects are outlined, including direct…

Watt, James H., Jr.; van den Berg, Sjef

297

The Advent of E-health: How Interactive Media Are Transforming Health Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The World Health Organization estimates that half the burden of disease and disability in industrialized countries is due to behavioral risk factors like smoking, physical activity, and diet. Health communication,interventions have demonstrated,their powerful influence on a broad range of health behaviors. However, to maximize their effectiveness on a population level, it is necessary to coordinate both interpersonal and mass

Linda Neuhauser; Gary L. Kreps

298

Communication and Change  

E-print Network

on the individual and societal effects of modern ICT. #12;communication methods, both face- to-face and electronicCulture, Communication and Change: Reflections on the use and impact of modern media and technology and Change: Reflections on the use and impact of modern media and technology in our lives Editors: Anna

Crilly, Nathan

299

Health effects of media on children and adolescents.  

PubMed

Youth spend an average of >7 hours/day using media, and the vast majority of them have access to a bedroom television, computer, the Internet, a video-game console, and a cell phone. In this article we review the most recent research on the effects of media on the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Studies have shown that media can provide information about safe health practices and can foster social connectedness. However, recent evidence raises concerns about media's effects on aggression, sexual behavior, substance use, disordered eating, and academic difficulties. We provide recommendations for parents, practitioners, the media, and policy makers, among others, for ways to increase the benefits and reduce the harm that media can have for the developing child and for adolescents. PMID:20194281

Strasburger, Victor C; Jordan, Amy B; Donnerstein, Ed

2010-04-01

300

The Use of Traditional Media in Family Planning Programs in Rural Java. Cornell University, Current Papers in the Communication Arts #2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Java's present national family planning program is hampered not only by a serious lack of formal communication media, but also by cultural, social and economic barriers that impede the communication effort. To reach the predominantly rural population, family planning programs could utilize Java's traditional mass media: the folk operas, comedies,…

Crawford, Robert H.; Adhikarya, Ronny

301

Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media  

E-print Network

Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media Evangelos K of Arizona, Tucson Abstract. We develop analytical expressions for the effective hydraulic conductivity Ke boundaries. The log hydraulic conductivity Y forms a Gaussian, statistically homogeneous and anisotropic

Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

302

Running Head: COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR TEAMS The effects of multimedia communication technology on non-collocated  

E-print Network

1 Running Head: COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR TEAMS The effects of multimedia communication;2 The effects of multimedia communication technology on non-collocated teams: a case study 1. Introduction editorial details and in formatting from the official version. Keywords: teams, workplace meetings, virtual

Carletta, Jean

303

Theories and Evidence: Mass Media Effects and Fertility Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop four major hypotheses for why mass media might affect fertility. These include economic and time use effects of the medium, effects of ideas on policy actions of members of the elite, general effects on population basic val- ues and fertility-specific cognitions, and effects of deliberate mass media-based interventions on fertility-related behavior. The paper examines correlational and some longitudinal

Robert Hornik; Emile McAnany

2001-01-01

304

The Effect of Instructional Media on Learner Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation is an important element required for learning. Educators have a variety of instructional media and teaching formats available to present information. Selecting a medium that motivates learners is an important consideration. This study compares the effect of different media on learners' motivation to learn. Through the use of a survey…

Rodgers, David L.; Withrow-Thorton, Beverly J.

2005-01-01

305

The Effects of Expectancies and Actual Communication on Nonverbal Adaptation and Communication Outcomes: A Test of Interaction Adaptation Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines relative effects of cognitive expectation and actual communication behavior of undergraduate students on communication outcomes. Manipulates expectations (pleasant versus unpleasant communication) and communication (high or low involvement). Examines individual and combined influence on affective outcomes, evaluations, and interaction…

Yoshimura, Stephen M.; Le Poire, Beth A.

1999-01-01

306

swinburne.edu.au Digital Media  

E-print Network

environment you might experience in the workplace. You could contribute to an industry or community project practice, research and development. Your interests: communication and media design digital design engineer visual effects specialist website designer. 5 #12;Studying digital media Swinburne

Liley, David

307

The Geography of Political Communication: Effects of Regional Variations in Campaign Advertising on Citizen Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores whether and how campaign-induced changes in local information environments influence citizens' everyday communication activities. The empirical analysis in this study centers on a comparison of two New Jersey media markets that showed idiosyncratic differences in the amount of political advertising during the 2000 presidential…

Cho, Jaeho

2011-01-01

308

Message Expression Effects in Online Social Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Framed within the O-S-R-O-R (Orientations-Stimulus-Reasoning-Orientations-Response) communication mediation framework, this study examines the bi-directional effects of personal message expression on individuals' cognitive elaboration, message learning, and attitudes when exposed to social campaign messages in blogs (anti-drunk driving). Findings from an online-based experiment, expression of personal message (yes and no), and perceived homophily to message audiences (yes and no) revealed that expressing

Elmie Nekmat

2012-01-01

309

The cost-effectiveness of health communication programs: what do we know?  

PubMed

While a considerable body of evidence has emerged supporting the effectiveness of communication programs in augmenting health, only a very small subset of studies has examined also whether these programs are cost-effective, that is, whether they achieve greater health gains for available financial resources than alternative interventions. In this article, we examine the available literature on the cost-effectiveness of health behavior change communication programs, focusing on communication interventions involving mass media, and, to a lesser extent, community mobilization and interpersonal communication or counseling. Our objective is to identify the state of past and current research efforts of the cost-effectiveness of behavior change communication programs. This review makes three principal conclusions. First, the analysis of the cost-effectiveness of health communication programs commonly has not been performed. Second, the studies reviewed here have utilized a considerable diversity of methods and have reflected varying levels of quality and adherence to standard cost-effectiveness methodologies. This leads to problems of transparency, comparability, and generalizability. Third, while the available studies generally are indicative of the cost-effectiveness of communication interventions relative to alternatives, the evidence base clearly needs to be expanded by additional rigorous cost-effectiveness analyses. PMID:17148098

Hutchinson, Paul; Wheeler, Jennifer

2006-01-01

310

Sals-Wuillemin, E., Morlot, R. (2009). L'volution de la reprsentation des mdias de communication : le cas d'Internet, Evolution of social representation of communication's media: the case of Internet, Iletisim, Numro spcial reprsentations sociales et la c  

E-print Network

communication : le cas d'Internet, Evolution of social representation of communication's media: the case of social representa- tion of communication's media: the case of Internet, Iletisim, Numéro spécial of communication's media: the case of Internet, Iletisim, Numéro spécial représentations sociales et la communi

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

311

A STUDY OF PRESERVICE TEACHER EDUCATION IN THE USE OF MEDIA OF MASS COMMUNICATION FOR CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED (1) TO ASCERTAIN WHAT EMPHASIS COULD BE PLACED ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA FOR PRESERVICE TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS, AND (2) TO ESTABLISH EFFECTIVE PROCEDURES FOR THE SELECTION AND UTILIZATION OF THESE MEDIA FOR TEACHING. THE PROCEDURES INVOLVED (1) CONDUCTING A LITERATURE SEARCH, (2)…

OLIVER, G.E.; AND OTHERS

312

Shared language:Towards more effective communication.  

PubMed

The ability to communicate to others and express ourselves is a basic human need. As we develop our understanding of the world, based on our upbringing, education and so on, our perspective and the way we communicate can differ from those around us. Engaging and interacting with others is a critical part of healthy living. It is the responsibility of the individual to ensure that they are understood in the way they intended.Shared language refers to people developing understanding amongst themselves based on language (e.g. spoken, text) to help them communicate more effectively. The key to understanding language is to first notice and be mindful of your language. Developing a shared language is an ongoing process that requires intention and time, which results in better understanding.Shared language is critical to collaboration, and collaboration is critical to business and education. With whom and how many people do you connect? Your 'shared language' makes a difference in the world. So, how do we successfully do this? This paper shares several strategies.Your sphere of influence will carry forward what and how you are communicating. Developing and nurturing a shared language is an essential element to enhance communication and collaboration whether it is simply between partners or across the larger community of business and customers. Constant awareness and education is required to maintain the shared language. We are living in an increasingly smaller global community. Business is built on relationships. If you invest in developing shared language, your relationships and your business will thrive. PMID:23422948

Thomas, Joyce; McDonagh, Deana

2013-01-01

313

Influence of Mass Media on Body Image and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors in Females: A Review of Effects and Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews research on the effects of television and magazines on body image and on disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in females. Evidence from different types of studies in the fields of eating disorders, media psychology, health psychology, and mass communication indicates that mass media are an extremely important source of information and reinforcement in relation to the nature

Gemma López-Guimerà; Michael P. Levine; David Sánchez-carracedo; Jordi Fauquet

2010-01-01

314

Foundations for Effective School Library Media Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 38 articles, reprinted from "Emergency Librarian," addresses critical elements of school library media program development and implementation, organized by seven areas: foundations; the school context; role clarification; information literacy; collaborative program planning and teaching; program development; and accountability.…

Haycock, Ken, Ed.

315

Audience Need for Orientation and Media Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a political campaign study conducted in Syracuse, New York, this article tests Blumler's argument that audience motives should be considered in uses and gratifications studies which seek to predict media influence processes. The primary research question addressed here is whether the general cognitive motive of need for orientation (a combination of political interest and uncertainty) is a

David H. Weaver

1980-01-01

316

Index/Directory of Women's Media. To Increase Communication Nationally and Internationally among Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory includes two sections: women's media groups, and individual media women and media-concerned women. In the first section, there are listings of periodicals, presses/publishers, news services, columns, radio-TV groups, regular programs-radio, regular programs-TV, video and cable, film, multi-media, music, arts, writers groups, public…

Women's Inst. for Freedom of the Press, Washington, DC.

317

Media Literacy and the Challenge of New Information and Communication Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within both academic and policy discourses, the concept of media literacy is being extended from its traditional focus on print and audiovisual media to encompass the internet and other new media. The present article addresses three central questions currently facing the public, policy-makers and academy: What is media literacy? How is it changing? And what are the uses of literacy?

SONIA LIVINGSTONE

2004-01-01

318

August 22, 2005 A Guide to Effective Communications  

E-print Network

August 22, 2005 1 of 33 A Guide to Effective Communications: A Handbook for Forest Engineering, NY 13210 As an engineering professional, you will be expected to communicate your ideas effectively communications skills while a student in our program. Version 2.1, Summer, 2005 #12;A Guide to Effective

Endreny, Theodore A.

319

The Effects of Central Bank Communication on Financial Stability  

E-print Network

The Effects of Central Bank Communication on Financial Stability: A Systematization://www.fernuni-hagen.de/HWagner #12;The Effects of Central Bank Communication on Financial Stability: A Systematization review of the empirical evidence on the financial stability effects of a range of different communication

Güting, Ralf Hartmut

320

Social Interaction Between Deaf Preschoolers and Their Mothers: The Effects of Communication Method and Communication Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the effects of communication mode (oral vs. oral plus manual) and level of communicative competence (high vs. low) on profoundly deaf preschool children's play interactions with their hearing mothers. The sample consisted of 28 dyads equally divided into groups of oral and simultaneous (oral plus manual) communicators

Greenberg, Mark T.

321

Effect of Race, Sex, Nonverbal Communication and Verbal Communication of Perception of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2X2X2X2 study tested the effect of a) nonverbal communication (NVC), b) verbal communication (VC), 3) race of communicator, and d) sex of perceiver on the perception of leadership. Results indicated that when one pits NVC against VC, NVC proved to be more potent in the perception of leadership. (Author/NQ)

Gitter, A. George; And Others

1975-01-01

322

The Effect of Communication Apprehension and Situation on Communication Strategy Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines students' perceptions of the probable use of certain persuasive strategies in a given situation in relation to students' level of communication apprehension. Data confirms the impact of situation on strategy selection but fails to demonstrate the effect of communication apprehension or an interaction between communication apprehension and…

Lustig, Myron W.; King, Stephen W.

1980-01-01

323

Using Personality Traits and Effective Communication to Improve Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various research studies have shed evidence on the importance of collaboration between teachers and library media specialists. Nearly every aspect of business, management in particular, requires an ability to interact effectively with others. As such, it is advantageous for the library media specialist to view the library media program as a…

Buddy, Juanita Warren

2007-01-01

324

Media Uses and Gratifications: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issues of how the media affect people, and what people do with the media have presented perennial and perplexing ques- tions for communication scholars. Some of the research results in these areas are more controversial than useful. Uses and gratification studies straddle the two domains of media effects and people's employment of the media. The field of gratifications research

Bernard Nnamdi Emenyeonu

325

[Bio-psycho-social history--is it still up to date in the time of media communication?].  

PubMed

Specialization in medicine changes the kind of communication between doctor and patient. The direct personal communication is quite often complemented by the indirect communication via interactive media. A clinical investigation still demands a broad bio-psycho-social anamnesis which should encompass the history of the illness, the patient, and his/her ailment. The bio-psycho-social anamnesis is subdivided into nine steps: Joining, "map", actual disease, former illnesses, family history, personal development, social anamnesis, overview of the functioning of the systems, finalization of the anamnesis. The different steps are explained, and adequate techniques of exploration are described. How to conduct a professional doctor-patient conversation and exploration can similarly be learnt as the techniques of a physical investigation. These communication skills should be continuously taught during the education of medical students as well as during the further training of physicians. PMID:16900723

Buddeberg, C

2006-07-01

326

[Erespal effectiveness in exudative otitis media].  

PubMed

Standard conservative treatment of exudative otitis media (EOM) was performed in 82 patients, but 44 of them received adjuvant fenspiride (erespal) in a dose 80 mg per os 3 times a day for 10 days. Dynamic pure tone audiometry, tympanometry and subjective response demonstrated higher treatment efficiency in the erespal group. Therefore, it is recommended to include erespal in combined conventional therapy of EOM. PMID:13677026

Levina, Iu V; Luchikhin, L A; Krasiuk, A A

2003-01-01

327

A Brief Survey of Media Access Control, Data Link Layer, and Protocol Technologies for Lunar Surface Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper surveys and describes some of the existing media access control and data link layer technologies for possible application in lunar surface communications and the advanced wideband Direct Sequence Code Division Multiple Access (DSCDMA) conceptual systems utilizing phased-array technology that will evolve in the next decade. Time Domain Multiple Access (TDMA) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) are standard Media Access Control (MAC) techniques that can be incorporated into lunar surface communications architectures. Another novel hybrid technique that is recently being developed for use with smart antenna technology combines the advantages of CDMA with those of TDMA. The relatively new and sundry wireless LAN data link layer protocols that are continually under development offer distinct advantages for lunar surface applications over the legacy protocols which are not wireless. Also several communication transport and routing protocols can be chosen with characteristics commensurate with smart antenna systems to provide spacecraft communications for links exhibiting high capacity on the surface of the Moon. The proper choices depend on the specific communication requirements.

Wallett, Thomas M.

2009-01-01

328

Geosciences in an Immersive Fulldome Environment: Developing Science and Communication Skills by Creating Digital Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ho Tung Visualization Laboratory and Planetarium at Colgate University provides an opportunity for students of diverse backgrounds to learn scientific concepts and communication techniques through the creation of fulldome digital animations. Students give presentations to classes, school groups, and the public in the planetarium setting, and enhance learning by creating digital content appropriate to these audiences. The immersive environment is well-suited for showing large-scale geologic processes that may not be easily seen in the field. Geoscience projects include fly-bys of the Hudson River Valley, Cascade Mountain Range, Grand Canyon, and Basin and Range province, animation of the advance of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, evolution of continental positions since the late Precambrian, and comparisons of volcanic eruption styles. In order to create a digital animation, students must have a detailed understanding of the subject matter as well as all aspects of presentation, ranging from intended audience to relevant production technologies. This encourages students to explore material at a depth beyond conventional learning methods while integrating the skills necessary to effectively communicate scientific concepts to varied audiences. Based on these explorations, it appears beneficial to promote scientific visualization creation as a tool in itself to help students develop both scientific knowledge and communication skills.

Alley, K. E.; Crawford, A.; Eakin, J.

2011-12-01

329

Communication and Effectiveness in Primary Health Jean Carletta  

E-print Network

Communication and Effectiveness in Primary Health Care Teams Jean Carletta Human Communication.Carletta@edinburgh.ac.uk ABSTRACT Primary health care team members need to communicate effectively with each other in order to provide integrated care. Using interviews with practice managers about team practice and observation

Carletta, Jean

330

social media social media  

E-print Network

social media #12;#12;#12;#12;social media: what it is what it does ethics & effectiveness #12;a social media marketing agency #12;social media: what it is #12;#12;SOCIAL MEDIA micro- blog social networks podcasts internet forums photo/ video Sharing blogs/ vlogs mobile apps social book- marks wikis

Lin, Xiaodong

331

Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science  

E-print Network

Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science August 2006 Key words: nanotechnology, communication, public knowledge, public understanding the public on concepts and applications associated with nanotechnology. The goal of our work

Crone, Wendy C.

332

What can I do with a degree in Media and Communication?  

E-print Network

more time watching television and engaging in social media than on almost any other social activity in media, sales, commerce, industry, local and central government, education, research, arts/ culture

Hickman, Mark

333

Fractal Analysis of Hydraulics in Porous Media with Wall Effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analytical expressions for the normalized average mass flux and pressure drop for power law fluids for wall effects in porous media are presented by using the fractal theory and technique for porous media. The proposed models are expressed as functions of power law index and structure parameters. These model predictions show that the proposed models can provide a good agreement with the experimental and other analytical results. This indicates that the fractal models may be helpful to much better understand the mechanisms of flow than other analytical models for porous media.

Liang, Mingchao; Yu, Boming; Yang, Shanshan; Zou, Mingqing; Yao, Long

2014-09-01

334

The Psychology of Avatars: Real Life Effects of Virtual Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Avatars have become the major forms of media access to virtual environments. The characteristics and perception of avatars are related to the sense of presence in virtual environments. Understanding the communication and social action between users and avatars, referred to as \\

Kristine L. Nowak; Igor S. Pand; Goranka Zori; Sophia Grundnig; Thomas Petri; Christin Polzer; Nicole Sträfling; Nicole Krämer; Sabine Trepte; Leonard Reinecke; Katharina-Maria Behr

2008-01-01

335

Exploring Perspectives of Communications Students toward Media Access and Use: A Q Method Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to help news industry professionals and educators tailor their services to a young audience that has grown up among a plethora of media options. To better reach and educate today's up-and-coming media professionals, those in the industry need a better understanding of modern media students' perspectives of news. This study used Q…

Riggs, Angel Noel

2011-01-01

336

Communicating population health: Print news media coverage of type 2 diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public learns much about health and health policy from the news media. The news media can shape the public's opinions about issues by emphasizing certain features in their coverage, such as the causes of a problem, who is responsible for addressing it, and what groups are affected. This study examines media framing of the problem of type 2 diabetes,

Sarah E. Gollust; Paula M. Lantz

2009-01-01

337

Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following essays on communication are presented: communication as a condition of survival, communication for special purposes, the means of transmission of communication, communication within social and economic structures, the teaching of communication through the press, the teaching of modern languages, communication as a point of departure,…

Strauss, Andre

338

Examining the Effects of Mass Media Campaign Exposure and Interpersonal Discussions on Youth's Drug Use: The Mediating Role of Visiting ProDrug Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

To extend past research on interpersonal communication and campaign effects, we hypothesized that anti-drug mass media campaign message exposure indirectly affects visiting anti- and pro-drug websites through targeted parent–child and friend-to-friend communication against drugs, as well as through having drug-related discussions during organized group activities. Second, we posited that engaging in anti-drug interpersonal communication indirectly affects adolescents' drug use through

Jennifer A. Kam; Chul-joo Lee

2012-01-01

339

Bit-array alignment effect of perpendicular SOMA media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One effective way to overcome the superparamagnetic limit of magnetic recording system is to reduce the grain number per bit at given signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) level by using uniformed media grains. The self organized magnetic array (SOMA) is designed to have uniform grains with perfect grain array structure. It is believed that high enough SNR with small number of grains per bit can be acheived. But in the engineering application, the recorded bit on SOMA media may align with the regular array at different locations and angles due to non-grain synchronized writing, skew angle, and circular track. This induces the bit-array alignment effect and degrades system performance of SOMA media. In this paper, the micromagnetic simulation results show that the bit array alignment effect causes large level SNR fluctuation on the same media. The SOMA media is not preferred to be used in the conventional recording configuration. It is only suitable for the configuration of patterned media.

Xiao, Peiying; Yuan, Zhimin; Kuan Lee, Hwee; Guo, Guoxiao

2006-08-01

340

Media Effects and Effectors A Study on the Possible Effects of Media and the Intent of Future Media Effectors to Use Media to Influence Others  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost everyone watches or listens to various forms of media every day, whether this comes in the form of television, radio, print, or movies. Not only is mostly everyone exposed to media, but also the typical American spends at least several hours a day in exposure to some kind of media. All this time Americans spend watching or listening to

Danielle Bringham

2010-01-01

341

An approach to effective UHF (S/L band) data communications for satellite Personal Communication Service (PCS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reliable signaling information transfer is fundamental in supporting the needs of data communication PCS via LMS (Land Mobile Service) SSs (satellite systems). The needs of the system designer can be satisfied only through the collection of media information that can be brought to bear on the pertinent design issues. We at ISI hope to continue our dialogue with fading media experts to address the unique data communications needs of PCS via LMS SSs.

Hayase, Joshua Y.

1995-01-01

342

Gender on the brain: a case study of science communication in the new media environment.  

PubMed

Neuroscience research on sex difference is currently a controversial field, frequently accused of purveying a 'neurosexism' that functions to naturalise gender inequalities. However, there has been little empirical investigation of how information about neurobiological sex difference is interpreted within wider society. This paper presents a case study that tracks the journey of one high-profile study of neurobiological sex differences from its scientific publication through various layers of the public domain. A content analysis was performed to ascertain how the study was represented in five domains of communication: the original scientific article, a press release, the traditional news media, online reader comments and blog entries. Analysis suggested that scientific research on sex difference offers an opportunity to rehearse abiding cultural understandings of gender. In both scientific and popular contexts, traditional gender stereotypes were projected onto the novel scientific information, which was harnessed to demonstrate the factual truth and normative legitimacy of these beliefs. Though strains of misogyny were evident within the readers' comments, most discussion of the study took pains to portray the sexes' unique abilities as equal and 'complementary'. However, this content often resembled a form of benevolent sexism, in which praise of women's social-emotional skills compensated for their relegation from more esteemed trait-domains, such as rationality and productivity. The paper suggests that embedding these stereotype patterns in neuroscience may intensify their rhetorical potency by lending them the epistemic authority of science. It argues that the neuroscience of sex difference does not merely reflect, but can actively shape the gender norms of contemporary society. PMID:25354280

O'Connor, Cliodhna; Joffe, Helene

2014-01-01

343

Gender on the Brain: A Case Study of Science Communication in the New Media Environment  

PubMed Central

Neuroscience research on sex difference is currently a controversial field, frequently accused of purveying a ‘neurosexism’ that functions to naturalise gender inequalities. However, there has been little empirical investigation of how information about neurobiological sex difference is interpreted within wider society. This paper presents a case study that tracks the journey of one high-profile study of neurobiological sex differences from its scientific publication through various layers of the public domain. A content analysis was performed to ascertain how the study was represented in five domains of communication: the original scientific article, a press release, the traditional news media, online reader comments and blog entries. Analysis suggested that scientific research on sex difference offers an opportunity to rehearse abiding cultural understandings of gender. In both scientific and popular contexts, traditional gender stereotypes were projected onto the novel scientific information, which was harnessed to demonstrate the factual truth and normative legitimacy of these beliefs. Though strains of misogyny were evident within the readers’ comments, most discussion of the study took pains to portray the sexes’ unique abilities as equal and ‘complementary’. However, this content often resembled a form of benevolent sexism, in which praise of women’s social-emotional skills compensated for their relegation from more esteemed trait-domains, such as rationality and productivity. The paper suggests that embedding these stereotype patterns in neuroscience may intensify their rhetorical potency by lending them the epistemic authority of science. It argues that the neuroscience of sex difference does not merely reflect, but can actively shape the gender norms of contemporary society. PMID:25354280

O’Connor, Cliodhna; Joffe, Helene

2014-01-01

344

Making media work in space: an interdisciplinary perspective on media and communication requirements for current and future space communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

As humans expand into space communities will form. These have already begun to form in small ways, such as long-duration missions on the International Space Station and the space shuttle, and small-scale tourist excursions into space. Social, behavioural and communications data emerging from such existing communities in space suggest that the physically-bounded, work-oriented and traditionally male-dominated nature of these extremely

S. Babidge; J. Cokley; F. Gordon; E. Louw

2005-01-01

345

How Effective Is Communication Training For Aircraft Crews  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report surveys communication training for aircraft crews. Intended to alleviate problems caused or worsened by poor communication and coordination among crewmembers. Focuses on two training methods: assertiveness training and grid-management training. Examines theoretical background of methods and attempts made to validate their effectiveness. Presents criteria for evaluating applicability to aviation environment. Concludes communication training appropriate for aircraft crews.

Linde, Charlotte; Goguen, Joseph; Devenish, Linda

1992-01-01

346

Characteristics That Contribute to Effective Simultaneous Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Videotapes of simultaneous communication users were analyzed by three sign language professionals. Successful simultaneous communication was characterized by clear lip movement, fingerspelling of ambiguous signs, eye contact, communication of mood and attitude, modality match, and grammatical facial expression. Matching the semantically…

Mallery-Ruganis, Dominique; Fischer, Susan

1991-01-01

347

Revealing the Effectivenesses of Communication Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to report the history of communication strategy and highlight the importance of strategic competence. It provides the histories and characterizations of communication strategy. Besides, it presents from which perspectives these definitions of communication strategies were developed. Various earlier and latter…

Lin, Grace Hui Chin

2013-01-01

348

A Priority Media Access Control Protocol for Video Communication Support on CSMA\\/CD LANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real-time multimedia communication applications demand performance requirements which differ significantly from conventional data communication applications. Current local area networks (LANs) provide efficient transport for bursty data traffic; however, they cannot necessarily provide quality of service guarantees for real-time communications. In this work we introduce and investigate an experimental priority protocol for supporting real-time communication on Ethernet, a popular implementation of

Francis R. Edwards; Mark F. Schulz

1995-01-01

349

Factors Affecting Audio and Text-Based Communication Media Choice in Global Software Development Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software development as a knowledge intensive activity involves high requirements for communication and collaboration between its practitioners. In global software development, geographical, cultural and language distances bring additional challenges to communication. While text-based communication is very common in global software projects, recent improvements in telecommunications technology and network infrastructure have enabled ad-hoc audio conferencing as an economically feasible and available

T. Niinimaki; Arttu Piri; Casper Lassenius

2009-01-01

350

A Measured Approach to Adopting New Media in the Business Communication Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At each Association for Business Communication (ABC) conference the authors have attended in the past 2 to 3 years, the many presentations focusing on social networking, blogs, wikis, and various Web 2.0 technologies have captured their attention. They welcome the wonderful, new communication tools that increasingly allow people to communicate and…

Cardon, Peter W.; Okoro, Ephraim

2010-01-01

351

The MA in Corporate Communication provides the qualifications needed for effective corporate communication at strategic and operational level.  

E-print Network

The MA in Corporate Communication provides the qualifications needed for effective corporate communication at strategic and operational level. REQUIRED COURSES The following courses are required in the first two semesters: Corporate Communication provides insights into strategic corporate com- munication

352

Cost-effectiveness considerations in otitis media treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The costs of treatment of children with otitis media with effusion comprise a substantial part of the total health care expenditure. However, there is little information about the value of therapy expressed in cost-effectiveness terms, and disagreement still exists about optimal therapy. This article considers the elements of cost-effectiveness analysis as they pertain to treatment of young children with otitis

GEORGE A. GATES

1996-01-01

353

Effective media communication of disasters: Pressing problems and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Public health officials and journalists play a crucial role in disseminating information regarding natural disasters, terrorism and other human-initiated disasters. However, research suggests that journalists are unprepared to cover terrorism and many types of natural disasters, in part because of lack sufficient expertise in science and medicine and training. The objective of this research was to identify solutions to

Wilson Lowrey; William Evans; Karla K Gower; Jennifer A Robinson; Peter M Ginter; Lisa C McCormick; Maziar Abdolrasulnia

2007-01-01

354

The Impact of Mass Media Health Communication on Health Decision-Making and Medical Advice-Seeking Behavior of U.S. Hispanic Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mass media health communication has enormous potential to drastically alter how health-related information is disseminated and obtained by different populations. However, there is little evidence regarding the influence of media channels on health decision-making and medical advice-seeking behaviors among the Hispanic population. The Pew 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey was used to test the hypothesis that the amount of mass media

Maria De Jesus

2012-01-01

355

Communicating on Different Non-Level Playing Fields: Mixing Journalism with Communication Studies and/or Electronic Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some college administrators have used the recession of the late 1980s and early 1990s to make program cuts that they have wanted to make all along for political or personal reasons. The mission statements of universities often are general enough to allow much interpretation and interpolation. If a statement calls for communication skills,…

Medoff, Norman J.

356

From Mars to Media: The Phoenix Mars Mission and the Challenges of Real-Time, Multimedia Science Communication and Public Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the Mars Exploration Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and Mars Odyssey Missions set the standard for science communication and public education about Mars, the Phoenix Mission was presented with robust new communication challenges and opportunities. The new frontier includes Web 2.0, international forums, internal and external blogs, social networking sites, as well as the traditional media and education outlets for

S. Buxner; C. Bitter

2008-01-01

357

Global Communication, for the Powerful or the People? Media & Values 61.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Media & Values" explores the growing influence of mass media and how that influence is concentrated in the hands of a few powerful individuals or corporations. The essays present various interpretations of that influence and the implications for the world. Articles include: (1) "All Power to the Conglomerate" (Stewart Hoover); (2)…

Silver, Rosalind, Ed.

1993-01-01

358

Connecting content to community in social media via image content, user tags and user communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop a recommendation framework to connect image content with communities in online social media. The problem is important because users are looking for useful feedback on their uploaded content, but finding the right community for feedback is challenging for the end user. Social media are characterized by both content and community. Hence, in our approach, we

Munmun De Choudhury; Hari Sundaram; Yu-Ru Lin; Ajita John; Dorée Duncan Seligmann

2009-01-01

359

CONNECTING CONTENT TO COMMUNITY IN SOCIAL MEDIA VIA IMAGE CONTENT, USER TAGS AND USER COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop a recommendation framework to connect image content with communities in online social media. The problem is important because users are looking for useful feedback on their uploaded content, but finding the right community for feedback is challenging for the end user. Social media are characterized by both content and community. Hence, in our approach, we

Munmun De Choudhury; Hari Sundaram; Yu-ru Lin; Ajita John; Doree Duncan Seligmann

2009-01-01

360

Effective Protocols for Mobile Communications and Networking  

SciTech Connect

This report examines methods of mobile communications with an emphasis on mobile computing and wireless communications. Many of the advances in communications involve the use of Internet Protocol (IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ad hoc network protocols. However, many of the advances in these protocols have been focused on wired communications. Recently much focus has been directed at advancing communication technology in the area of mobile wireless networks. This report discusses various protocols used in mobile communications and proposes a number of extensions to existing protocols. A detailed discussion is also included on desirable protocol characteristics and evaluation criteria. In addition, the report includes a discussion on several network simulation tools that maybe used to evaluate network protocols.

Espinoza, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B,

1998-12-01

361

Effects of school, family and alcohol marketing communication on alcohol use and intentions to drink among Thai students.  

PubMed

This study explored effects of family, school, and marketing communications on alcohol use and intention to drink of Thai students. We conducted a survey in which 5,184 students participated. Respondents were selected randomly from school districts throughout Thailand. In this survey we measured the exposure to, reception of, and perceptions concerning alcohol marketing communication, school absenteeism and achievement, family alcohol use, students' alcohol use, and drinking intentions. Findings indicated students' low alcohol use, moderate intention to drink, and high prevalence of family drinking. The levels of exposure and also the information receptivity to alcohol media marketing of Thai students were low. The respondents had a high level of media literacy on alcohol marketing communication. Multiple regression and focus group discussions provided support for the contention that there were significant effects of school achievement, absenteeism and media marketing communication on alcohol use (R2 = 14%) and intention to drink (R2 = 11%). Therefore, consideration of relevant school and alcohol policies, including monitoring of media marketing communication, will be needed. PMID:24050109

Kheokao, Jantima K; Kirkgulthorn, Tassanee; Yingrengreung, Siritorn; Singhprapai, Phuwasith

2013-07-01

362

SPACE COMMUNICATION AND THE MASS MEDIA. A UNESCO REPORT ON THE OCCASION OF THE 1963 SPACE COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE. REPORTS AND PAPERS ON MASS COMMUNICATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT DEFINES AND ANALYZES POTENTIAL ASPECTS OF WORLDWIDE COMMUNICATION BY SATELLITE, LISTS TECHNICAL PROBLEMS, AND SUGGESTS USES OF SPACE COMMUNICATION TO PROMOTE EDUCATION, CULTURAL EXCHANGE, AND INFORMATION FLOW. IT IS AVAILABLE FOR $0.50 FROM NATIONAL DISTRIBUTORS OF UNESCO PUBLICATIONS, OR FROM UNESCO, PLACE DE FONTENDOY, PARIS-7E,…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

363

Understanding Decision-Making, Communication Rules, and Communication Satisfaction as Culture: Implications for Organizational Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of decision making processes and communication rules, in a corporate setting undergoing change as a result of organizational ineffectiveness, examined whether (1) decisions about formal communication reporting systems were linked to management assumptions about technical creativity/effectiveness, (2) assumptions about…

Shockley-Zalabak, Pamela

364

Say What? Effective communication is safe business  

SciTech Connect

Ineffective safety communication can result in injury and even cost lives. With hazards surrounding workers, such as chemicals, electrical equipment and construction machinery, adequate safety messages and training are imperative for good business. Safety communication in the workplace is so important, it’s required in Washington State. WAC 296-800-130 requires employers to have a method of communicating and evaluating safety and health issues brought up by employers or employees in the workplace. Fortunately, there are lots of resources to help employers communicate with staff.

Schlender, Michael H.

2007-11-21

365

Why people talk about antismoking media content and the implications for health communication campaigns.  

E-print Network

??Although there is near universal agreement that stimulating talk about health communication campaigns is important, the frequency of talk across campaigns varies considerably. Recently, there… (more)

Depue, Jacob Bjorn

2012-01-01

366

Promoting the Michigan organ donor registry: evaluating the impact of a multifaceted intervention utilizing media priming and communication design.  

PubMed

There are currently more than 100,000 individuals waiting for an organ transplant. Organ donor registries represent the easiest and most concrete way for people to declare their intent to donate, but organ donor registries are vastly underutilized. This study reports a campaign intervention designed to increase the rate of joining the Michigan Organ Donor Registry. Grounding intervention development in the theoretical principles of media priming and communication design, the intervention took place in two waves in three counties in Michigan. Each intervention consisted of a media component, point-of-decision materials, and an interpersonal component. Increases in registration rates of 200 to 300% in each intervention county, compared to stable statewide trends in registry rates, provide evidence of highly successful intervention efforts. The rate of registry increase in intervention counties was approximately 1,900% higher than statewide on a per capita basis. PMID:21153986

Harrison, Tyler R; Morgan, Susan E; King, Andy J; Di Corcia, Mark J; Williams, Elizabeth A; Ivic, Rebecca K; Hopeck, Paula

2010-12-01

367

On cost-effective communication network designing  

E-print Network

How to efficiently design a communication network is a paramount task for network designing and engineering. It is, however, not a single objective optimization process as perceived by most previous researches, i.e., to maximize its transmission capacity, but a multi-objective optimization process, with lowering its cost to be another important objective. These two objectives are often contradictive in that optimizing one objective may deteriorate the other. After a deep investigation of the impact that network topology, node capability scheme and routing algorithm as well as their interplays have on the two objectives, this letter presents a systematic approach to achieve a cost-effective design by carefully choosing the three designing aspects. Only when routing algorithm and node capability scheme are elegantly chosen can BA-like scale-free networks have the potential of achieving good tradeoff between the two objectives. Random networks, on the other hand, have the built-in character for a cost-effective design, especially when other aspects cannot be determined beforehand.

Guoqiang Zhang

2009-10-12

368

Central Bank Communication and Policy Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

A notable change in central banking over the past 15 years has been a world-wide movement toward increased communication by central banks about their policy decisions, the targets that they seek to achieve through those decisions, and the central bank's view of the economy's likely future evolution. This paper considers the role of such communication in the successful conduct of

Michael Woodford

2005-01-01

369

Effective Communication between Preservice and Cooperating Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research on communication between preservice and cooperating teachers during a teacher internship. The research reveals that poor communication between preservice teachers and cooperating teachers can cause barriers to planning lessons, feedback, and teaching experiences. Additionally, research indicates that…

Lawley, Ji Ji; Moore, Jenifer; Smajic, Almir

2014-01-01

370

Effective Managerial Communication through Employee Newsletters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the employee newsletter as a medium of managerial communication, and details the newsletter's usual contents and functions. Illustrates how managers can use newsletters to communicate information, as well as motivate employees and unify an organization. Describes the newsletter editor's role and typical problems editors encounter. (MM)

Waltman, John L.; Golen, Steven P.

1989-01-01

371

Effectively Communicating Science to Extension Audiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the concept of "framing" within the context of relevant communication and psychological research and considers its potential applicability to Extension science communication. Examples of research-based support for the framing of scientific issues are presented, along with a literature-based discussion of the…

Robinson, Patrick

2013-01-01

372

The Effects of Media Dependencies on Audience Assessment of Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 548 male and female household heads in Columbus, Ohio, was conducted in 1977 to discover the effects of dependency on different media on levels of trust toward government, knowledge about government, and perceived knowledge about government at both local and national levels. It was hypothesized that newspaper dependency is positively…

Becker, Lee B.; Whitney, D. Charles

373

The Variable Influence of Audience Activity on Media Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesizes that instrumental media motivation, selectivity, attention, and involvement are positive predictors of satisfaction, parasocial interaction, and cultivation effects from watching daytime television serials; avoidance, distraction, and skepticism were seen as negative predictors. Finds support for these expectations through three path…

Kim, JungKee; Rubin, Alan M.

1997-01-01

374

Incoherent surface solitons in effectively instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically random-phase surface solitons in effectively instantaneous nonlinear media. The key mechanism for self-trapping is played by a nonlocal nature of the nonlinearity, in contrast to other incoherent solitons involving time averaging. These incoherent surface solitons display features different from their bulk counterparts and from other surface waves.

Alfassi, Barak; Rotschild, Carmel; Segev, Mordechai [Physics Department and Solid State Institute, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

2009-10-15

375

The Effects of Media Violence on Children's Expressed Aggressiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reviews some of the studies published in relation to the effects of media violence on children’s level of aggression. The review finds support for bi-direcionalityand it looks at third variables finding factors, such as social economic status and child rearing, to influence the level of aggression as well. It concludes by stating that the possibility of children

Louise Barkhuus

1999-01-01

376

Transport Properties of Random Media: A New Effective Medium Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new method for efficient, accurate calculations of transport properties of random media. It is based on the principle that the wave energy density should be uniform when averaged over length scales larger than the size of the scatterers. This scheme captures the effects of resonant scattering of the individual scatterer exactly, as well as the multiple scattering

K. Busch; C. M. Soukoulis

1995-01-01

377

Positive and Negative Media Image Effects on the Self  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine several factors that determine whether exposure to thin (or heavy) media images positively or negatively affects consumers' appearance self-esteem. We find that the effects of exposure to models in advertisements depend on two moderating factors: (1) the extremity of the model's thinness or heaviness, and (2) the method by which self-esteem is measured (free responses vs. rating scales).

D. H. R. V. Smeesters; Naomi Mandel

2006-01-01

378

Creating tag hierarchies for effective navigation in social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In social media, such as blogs, since the content naturally evolves over time, it is hard or in many cases impossible to organize the content for effective navigation. Thus, one commonly has to resort to simple tools, such as tags and tag clouds, for presenting frequently used keywords to users to provide them at least some high level idea about

K. Selçuk Candan; Luigi Di Caro; Maria Luisa Sapino

2008-01-01

379

An effective media toolset for use in metamaterial design.  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces an effective-media toolset that can be used for the design of metamaterial structures based on metallic components such as split-ring resonators and dipoles, as well as dielectric spherical resonators. For demonstration purposes the toolset will be used to generate infrared metamaterial designs, and the predicted performances will be verified with full-wave numerical simulations.

Johnson, William Arthur; Sinclair, Michael B.; Warne, Larry Kevin; Langston, William L.; Basilio, Lorena I.

2010-06-01

380

Adult Willingness to Use Email and Social Media for Peer-to-Peer Cancer Screening Communication: Quantitative Interview Study  

PubMed Central

Background Adults over age 40 are increasing their use of email and social media, raising interest in use of peer-to-peer Internet-based messaging to promote cancer screening. Objective The objective of our study was to assess current practices and attitudes toward use of email and other e-communication for peer-to-peer dialogues on cancer screening. Methods We conducted in-person interviews with 438 insured adults ages 42-73 in Georgia, Hawaii, and Massachusetts. Participants reported on use of email and other e-communication including social media to discuss with peers routine health topics including breast and colorectal cancer (CRC). We ascertained willingness to share personal CRC screening experiences via conversation, postcard, email, or other e-communication. Health literacy scores were measured. Results Email had been used by one-third (33.8%, 148/438) to discuss routine health topics, by 14.6% (64/438) to discuss breast cancer screening, and by 12.6% (55/438) to discuss CRC screening. Other e-communication was used to discuss routine health topics (11.6%, 51/438), screening for breast cancer (3.9%, 17/438), and CRC (2.3%, 10/438). In the preceding week, 84.5% (370/438) of participants had used email, 55.9% (245/438) had used e-communication of some type; 44.3% (194/438) text, 32.9% (144/438) Facebook, 12.3% (54/438) instant message, 7.1% (31/438) video chat, and 4.8% (21/438) Twitter. Many participants were willing to share their CRC screening experiences via email (32.4%, 142/438 might be willing; 36.3%, 159/438 very willing) and via other e-communication (15.8%, 69/438 might be willing; 14.4%, 63/438 very willing). Individuals willing to send CRC screening emails scored significantly higher on tests of health literacy compared to those willing to send only postcards (P<.001). Conclusions Many adults are willing to use email and e-communication to promote cancer screening to peers. Optimal approaches for encouraging peer-to-peer transmission of accurate and appropriate cancer screening messages must be studied. PMID:24287495

Roblin, Douglas W; Wagner, Joann L; Gaglio, Bridget; Williams, Andrew E; Torres Stone, Rosalie; Field, Terry S; Mazor, Kathleen M

2013-01-01

381

Face to Facebook: Social Media and the Learning and Teaching Potential of Symmetrical, Synchronous Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking offers teachers and learners exciting opportunities to communicate. Web 2.0 and its synchronous communications platforms provide new avenues for teachers to deliver curriculum and facilitate learning. Further, they provide new avenues for students to engage and intensify their own learning. Being able to chat in real-time with a…

VanDoorn, George; Eklund, Antoinette A.

2013-01-01

382

Science Express: Out-of-Home-Media to Communicate Climate Change (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science Express is an initiative to explore, develop, and test various approaches to using Out-of-Home-Media (OHM) to engage adults riding mass transit. To date, three projects represent this work: 1) Carbon Smarts Conference, 2) Cool Science, and 3) ScienceToGo.org. While the aim of each project is different, together they serve an immediate need to understand how OHM can be leveraged as an informal science learning medium. Using Climate Change as the content focus, each project is a variation on the theme of understanding mass transit as a form of mobile classroom for riders. The basic idea behind these initiatives is to engage individuals who do not necessarily read the science magazines, listen to science radio shows, or watch science programming on television. Science Express is about bringing the science learning opportunity to the audience during their daily routines. Mass Transit provides an ideal opportunity for engaging the disengaged in science learning since they represent a ';captive' audience while waiting at the bus stop, standing on the platform, riding inside the bus or train. These ';downtimes' present informal science educators with the opportunity to foster some science learning. With the advent of smartphone technology and its explosion in popularity among consumers, OHM is poised to offer riders a new kind of real time learning experience. The Science Express projects aim to understand the strengths and weaknesses of this new model for informal science learning so as to refine and improve its effectiveness at achieving desired goals. While the Science Express model for informal science learning could be used to foster understanding about any relevant scientific content, the research team chose to use Climate Change as the focus. Climate Change seemed like an obvious because of its timeliness, complexity, robust scientific foundation, and presence in popular media. Nearly all our riders have heard of 'Climate Change' or 'Global Warming', but a much smaller percentage actually understand the underlying science. In addition, riders appear to be very curious and want to know more about these issues.

Lustick, D. S.; Lohmeier, J.; Chen, R.

2013-12-01

383

Gender and Campaign Communication: TV Ads, Web Sites, and Media Coverage  

E-print Network

controlled messages to influence their media coverage for amedia—television ads and web sites—to influence their newsmedia are powerful and important sources of information, not necessarily because they influence

Bystrom, Dianne

2006-01-01

384

Associate or Full Professor, Global Media and Technology, Texas A&M University, Department of Communication  

E-print Network

in Doha, Qatar, and international study centers in Costa Rica and Italy), and international impact. Our Discourse and Leadership and the university-wide Initiative for Digital Humanities, Media, and Culture

Bermúdez, José Luis

385

Changing Channels : a framework for communication planning in a media intensive society  

E-print Network

In today's media intensive society, where consumers are well equipped to resist advertisers' strategies, creative and messages, it is becoming increasingly more difficult for advertisers to break through the concofany of ...

Scott, Voloe Jefferson

2009-01-01

386

Communication Effectiveness of Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among speech intelligibility and communication effectiveness as rated by speakers and their listeners. Participants completed procedures to measure (a) speech intelligibility, (b) self-perceptions of communication effectiveness, and (c) listener (spouse or family member) perceptions of…

Ball, Laura J.; Beukelman, David R.; Pattee, Gary L.

2004-01-01

387

Redundant media mechanisms for dependable communication in token-bus LANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents a study of a redundant media implementation for an ISO 8802\\/4 token-bus local area network (LAN), consistent with the standard recommendations. The redundant media IEEE-802.4G-compatible interface is intended to provide high availability of network access in the presence of medium omission and stopping faults. A set of management rules and fault treatment operations is defined, together with

Paulo Verissimo; E. Verissimo; R. Alves Redol

1988-01-01

388

PROMOTIONAL COMMUNICATION AND REFELIXIVITY: CASE STUDIES IN THE MEDIA POLITICS AND PROBLEMATIZATION OF NEOLIBERALISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation offers a critical analysis of the media politics underlying the shift to neo-liberalism. Special attention is paid to the relationships between news media, government and corporate public relations, and social movement activism in the context of changing policy priorities that advance market-based solutions for economic and political challenges. Neo-liberalism is accounted for in terms of both its policy

Joshua L. Greenberg

2003-01-01

389

Promotional communication and reflexivity: Case studies in the media politics and problematization of neo-liberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation offers a critical analysis of the media politics underlying the shift to neo-liberalism. Special attention is paid to the relationships between news media, government and corporate public relations, and social movement activism in the context of changing policy priorities that advance market-based solutions for economic and political challenges. Neo-liberalism is accounted for in terms of both its policy

Joshua L Greenberg

2003-01-01

390

Media Highlights 2 Media Highlights  

E-print Network

through the work of the Communications team. The Communications team in Corporate Affairs is responsible for media relations; corporate and stakeholder communications; and internal communications (with staff's external reputation. It supports a varity of key College objectives, including student and staff

Chittka, Lars

391

Gender role perpetuation through selective media exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of mass communication are typically found to be small (Bryant & Zillmann, 2002). In the first large synopsis of media\\u000a effects, Klapper (1960) argued that individuals tend to choose media messages that bolster pre-existing views and group norms;\\u000a hence, „mass communication will serve as an agent of reinforcement rather than conversion“ (p. 42–43). Throughout the history\\u000a of communication research,

Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick; Jule Brück

392

Effect of Media Use on HIV-Related Stigma in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-Sectional Study  

PubMed Central

It is known that HIV-related stigma hinders prevention efforts. Previous studies have documented that HIV-related stigma may be associated with socioeconomic and socioecological factors. Mass media use may moderate this association, but there is limited research addressing that possibility. In this study, based on cross-sectional data pooled from the 2006–2011 Demographic and Health Surveys of 11 sub-Saharan African countries (N?=?204,343), we investigated the moderating effects of exposure to mass media on HIV-related stigma. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that HIV-related stigma tends to be higher among rural residents and individuals with low levels of education and HIV knowledge, as well as those who do not know people living with HIV. Media use was generally associated with low levels of HIV-related stigma, and attenuated the gap between individuals with high and low educational levels. However, the effect of mass media was found to be stronger among urbanites rather than among rural residents, which could lead to a widening gap between the two groups in endorsement of HIV-related stigma. The implication of this study regarding the effect of media use on HIV-related stigma in sub-Saharan Africa is twofold: 1) mass media may have the potential to minimize the gap in HIV-related stigma between individuals with high and low educational levels, and hence future efforts of reducing HIV-related stigma in the region may benefit from utilizing media; 2) due perhaps to low media penetration to rural sub-Saharan Africa, mass media could have the unintended effect of widening the urban-rural gap further unless other more customized and rural-focused communication interventions are put in place. PMID:24945251

Bekalu, Mesfin Awoke; Eggermont, Steven; Ramanadhan, Shoba; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula

2014-01-01

393

Inertial effects in dispersion in porous media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we develop the macroscale transport equation for dispersion of a nonreactive chemical species, with a particular focus on the influence of inertial contributions at moderate Reynolds numbers. Our starting point is the continuum level description of transport written at the subpore scale. Volume averaging is used to upscale these equations to develop the macroscale solute balance that applies at the Darcy scale. We develop a fully transient version of the ancillary closure problem that predicts the total dispersion tensor, and we solve the closure using finite Fourier transforms. The result of this effort is a nonlocal macroscale transport equation, where the nonlocal dispersion depends upon the microscale geometry of the pore space and the physical characteristics of the fluid. Both the longitudinal and transverse components of the total dispersion tensor are computed for a simple three-dimensional unit cell. The computational results indicate that a simple three-dimensional periodic unit cell is able to capture the correct behavior for the longitudinal dispersion in the range 101 < Pep < 2.5 × 105, although the magnitude of the longitudinal dispersion coefficient is underpredicted by up to a factor of about 4. For the transverse dispersion coefficient, the simple unit cell provides much less satisfactory results when compared with experimental data. The inertial effects for the longitudinal dispersion coefficient were relatively small, but for the transverse dispersion coefficient, inertial effects were predicted to increase the transverse dispersion coefficient up to 40 times that which would be predicted for Stokes flow.

Wood, Brian D.

2007-12-01

394

New Communication Technologies, Old Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent emergence of new media, or better, new communication technologies, has afforded substantial commentary regarding societal effects, the latest chapter in a decades-old trend that rises and falls with each new communication technology. Whereas this article does not deny that the current generation of communication technologies differs from predecessors, it argues against the need for wholesale changes in theory

Marco C. Yzer; Brian G. Southwell

2008-01-01

395

MANSHIP SCHOOL OF Mass Communication  

E-print Network

MANSHIP SCHOOL OF Mass Communication JOHN M. HAMILTON, LSU Foundation Hopkins P. Breazeale · Banning ERICH AND LEA STERNBERG HONORS PROFESSOR · Garay MANSHIP SCHOOL OF MASS COMMUNICATION BART R in the liberal arts and the media. The school promotes effective communication, critical thinking, and ethical

Harms, Kyle E.

396

Media-Cultivated Perceptions of Criminal Victimization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many television viewers construct their social reality from media content as well as from sensory and interpersonally communicated information. One aspect of this media-influenced social reality is television viewers' estimates of crime in society, or their fear of criminal victimization. Several media-effects studies have demonstrated the…

Ogles, Robert M.

397

Examining the effects of service brand communications on brand evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study seeks to examine the effects of three communication avenues, namely controlled communication (e.g. advertising\\/promotions), uncontrolled communications (word-of-mouth (WOM)\\/publicity), and brand name, on consumer service brand evaluation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study employed a quantitative methodology and data were gathered from consumers intercepted in a shopping mall via a self-completed survey. Findings – The results show that controlled

Debra Grace; Aron OCass

2005-01-01

398

Effects of Exposure to Sexual Content in the Media on Adolescent Sexual Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Multitasking with Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young audiences frequently combine media use (e.g., television viewing) with other activities (e.g., homework); this is referred to as multitasking. This research uses longitudinal data to examine the moderating role of multitasking by examining the effects of exposure to sexual content in the media on adolescents' sexual behavior. Consistent with the predictions based on the limited capacity approach, there was

Se-Hoon Jeong; Yoori Hwang; Martin Fishbein

2010-01-01

399

Social interactions across media: Interpersonal communication on the Internet, telephone and face-to-face  

E-print Network

Two studies were conducted in this investigation to compare college students’ interpersonal interaction online, face-to-face, and on the telephone. Our first study, a communication diary, assessed the relative amount of ...

Baym, Nancy K.; Zhang, Yan Bing; Lin, Mei-Chen

2004-06-01

400

FlickerThis : a mobile service to facilitate grounding in communication through viewable media content  

E-print Network

Remote communication has become part of our daily lives. Technology plays a decisive role in filling the gap caused by discrepancies in time and space between us and the people we want to reach. However, the level of ...

Lin, Dori Tung-Yun

2009-01-01

401

Effective parameters and energy of acoustic metamaterials and media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An approach is proposed to describe a general form of acoustic media, in particular, acoustic metamaterials, based on their modeling with the simplest discrete periodic structures. The parameters of the discrete models, determined from the dispersion equation, are taken as the effective parameters of the modeled media. Transfer to an effective continuous medium is achieved by uniform distribution of these parameters over the length of the periodicity cell. It is shown that all of the wave motion characteristics of the medium, including the energy characteristics, are expressed through the effective parameters thus introduced. The necessary formulas are derived. Examples are given. The proposed method is useful for designing acoustic materials with the given wave properties.

Bobrovnitskii, Yu. I.

2014-03-01

402

CMC v/s FtFC- Media Effect On Millennials' Self-disclosure Behavior.  

E-print Network

??Jang, Chyng-yang This study examines the effect that computer-mediated communication (CMC) and face-to-face communication (FTFC) have on Millennials' communication behaviors. The study specifically focuses on… (more)

Bhopatkar, Vidisha Vijaykumar

2013-01-01

403

Designing Media Messages About Health and Nutrition: What Strategies Are Most Effective?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report focuses on how to design media messages about nutrition that will persuade people to adopt healthful behaviors. The Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) is used as a theoretical framework to explore different information-processing modes that individuals employ in a variety of communication situations. Studies from the fields of communication and psychology are briefly reviewed, with a focus on the

Barbara J. Wilson

2007-01-01

404

Semantic Context Effects on Color Categorization Rony Kubat (kubat@media.mit.edu)  

E-print Network

Semantic Context Effects on Color Categorization Rony Kubat (kubat@media.mit.edu) MIT Media Lab, 20 (dkroy@media.mit.edu) MIT Media Lab, 20 Ames Street Cambridge, MA 02139 USA Abstract A number of recent contexts, as well as iconic contexts influence color categorization. Keywords: Color perception; Semantics

Roy, Deb

405

Public Relations: The Route to Success and Influence. Public Relations for Your Library: A Tool for Effective Communications; Tooting Your Own Horn: Web-Based Public Relations for the School Media Specialist; Bookmarks as a Teaching Tool; Customers and Culture: The Who and What of Library Public Relations Efforts; Strategies for Successful Job Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special section includes five articles that discuss public relations strategies for school librarians. Highlights include effective communication, including measuring and evaluating the success of public relations efforts; Web-based public relations; giving bookmarks to students; customers and cultural contexts; and successful job…

Lyon, Linda; Silverstein, Roberta; Fisher, Julieta Dias; Hill, Ann; Hegel, Claudette; Miller, Donna; Moyer, Mary

2002-01-01

406

Integrated marketing communications: How can we measure its effectiveness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a novel approach to measuring the Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) effectiveness of a company and its competitors. With the four IMC pillars (with regard to customer-centric approaches, channels, content and measurable results) as a background, a list of existing tools about measuring marketing communications is assessed. This yields the result that there is no tool that satisfies

T. Reinold; J. Tropp

2010-01-01

407

The Significance of Congruent Communication in Effective Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective communication is the basis of developing an environment of mutual respect between students and teachers. The more congruent the communication is between students and teachers, the more likely students are to become willing participants in the learning process, and the more likely it is that the teacher can maintain a comfortable…

Brown, Dave F.

2005-01-01

408

Focal Event, Contextualization, and Effective Communication in the Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to develop analytical tools for studying mathematical communication in collaborative activities. The theoretical construct of contextualization is elaborated methodologically in order to study diversity in individual thinking in relation to effective communication. The construct of contextualization highlights issues of…

Nilsson, Per; Ryve, Andreas

2010-01-01

409

Creating the Conditions for Effective Communication and Learning in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author believes that effective communication is an essential factor in overcoming differences and creating an environment where people can come together to learn, work, or play. Communication on the surface seems a straightforward endeavour. In practice, it is fraught with a multitude of issues that are dependent on the parties involved, who…

Scott, Monica

2008-01-01

410

The effect of video games on family communication and interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of video games on communication and interaction between participants and their family members. These variables were measured using an online survey derived from the Family Communication Scale, the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, and the Anderson Video Game Questionnaire. A total of 480 18-year-old college students were recruited via email to complete the survey.

Dustin L. Redmond

2010-01-01

411

MEDIA RELEASE Feb. 16, 2012  

E-print Network

MEDIA RELEASE Feb. 16, 2012 Online climate change courses go "bite size" for wider global audience: · CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect · More than Just CO2 · Human Influence · The Influence of Natural for release within the next year by PICS. Media contact: Jessica Worsley (PICS Communications) at 250

Pedersen, Tom

412

News flow out of Africa: are Western media striving for excellence in communication standards?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies about the flow of news out of Africa and about the continent's image generally lead to the conclusion that Africa is not favourably portrayed in Western media and that news out of Africa is exceptionally negative and limited to regions of conflict. The article looks at news from Africa in two weekly news magazines, the American Newsweek and the

Rolf Annas

1997-01-01

413

Computers for Communication, Not Calculation: Media as a Motivation and Context for Learning  

E-print Network

.5%--compared to 42.9% in the traditional introductory computer science course. 60% of the students who took Forte Mark Guzdial College of Computing, GVU Center Georgia Institute of Technology {aforte, guzdial}@cc.gatech.edu Abstract As the skills that constitute literacy evolve to accommodate digital media, computer science

Guzdial, Mark

414

Trait-Treatment Interactions (TTI), Cognitive Processes and Research on Communication Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Trait Treatment Interaction (TTI) Process approach is particularly adapted to the study of information-processing by receivers of information presented in the media. Differences in people's experiences do lead to different cognitive structures. Different people use the same machinery of perceiving, coding, storing, and retrieving. Neverthless,…

Di Vesta, Francis J.

415

Communication Skills II: Learning from the Media. Using the Telephone. Making a Speech. Conducting a Meeting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for student use in a variety of types of classrooms, this document covers these skill areas: learning from the media, using the telephone, making a speech, and conducting a meeting. The material addresses specific skill areas, but is flexible enough to meet student needs in both vocational and academic classes. Each unit, which covers one…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

416

Communications: Yield Characteristics of the Free-Living Nematode Panagrellus redivivus in Different Culture Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nematode Panagrellus redivivus was cultured in media composed of wheat flour, oatmeal, or cornmeal. Total yield of nematodes in wheat flour (4,000 Mg\\/100 cm) was significantly greater than in oatmeal (I, 506 mg\\/ 100 cm) or cornmeal (283 mg\\/ 100 cm). Production of nematodes stopped after day 20 in cornmeal, day 33 in oatmeal, and day 53 in wheat

Ismail A. Radwin; David B. Rouse

1990-01-01

417

Science, Politics, and the Mass Media: On Biased Communication of Environmental Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the study of two issues, forest death from acid rain and the size of whale stocks, this article shows how the constraints of commercial mass media can be contrary to the task of enlightenment. (42 references) (Author/MKR)

Roll-Hansen, Nils

1994-01-01

418

Communicating population health: print news media coverage of type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

The public learns much about health and health policy from the news media. The news media can shape the public's opinions about issues by emphasizing certain features in their coverage, such as the causes of a problem, who is responsible for addressing it, and what groups are affected. This study examines media framing of the problem of type 2 diabetes, focusing on the extent to which the news media discuss diabetes using features that characterize a population health orientation (mentioning social determinants, upstream interventions, or disparities). We collected data from 698 print news articles appearing in 19 U.S. newspapers between 2005 and 2006. Results demonstrate that the predominant explanation for type 2 diabetes was behavioral factors and obesity. The predominant strategy to address diabetes was individualized behavior changes and medical care. A minority of articles described the social determinants of diabetes, upstream policy solutions, and disparities in diabetes; such articles appeared in a select subset of news outlets. These findings suggest the potential for great variability in public awareness of disparities in diabetes or its social determinants, with implications for the public's likelihood of supporting policies that may improve population health. PMID:19666208

Gollust, Sarah E; Lantz, Paula M

2009-10-01

419

Effective Communication: Faculty and Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers guidance to college instructors about working with students who have communication-related disabilities including speech, language, hearing, emotional, or medical disorders. It offers some general accommodation strategies including a statement in the syllabus encouraging students to discuss any special needs with you, ask the…

Washington Univ., Seattle.

420

Cue Effectiveness in Communicatively Efficient Discourse Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen a surge in accounts motivated by information theory that consider language production to be partially driven by a preference for communicative efficiency. Evidence from discourse production (i.e., production beyond the sentence level) has been argued to suggest that speakers distribute information across discourse so as to…

Qian, Ting; Jaeger, T. Florian

2012-01-01

421

Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, prepared by a distributive education (DE) class at Delaware State College, was designed for use by DE teacher-coordinators who teach communication skills. Included are lessons, activities, and resource materials relating to the following communication skills: functional speaking, written communication, telephone etiquette, customer…

Grandfield, Raymond J., Ed.

422

Communicating and Interacting: An Exploration of the Changing Roles of Media in CALL/CMC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sites of learning and teaching using CALL are shifting from CD-based, LAN-based, or stand-alone programs to the Internet. As this change occurs, pedagogical approaches to using CALL are also shifting to forms which better exploit the communication, collaboration, and negotiation aspects of the Internet. Numerous teachers and designers have…

Hoven, Debra

2006-01-01

423

An Experiential Approach to Teaching Communication Theory: Incorporating Contemporary Media To Clarify Theoretical Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For professors who have been assigned the task of teaching communication theory, carefully chosen examples of films, videos, TV clips, or music can be productively used to support instruction. Both research and experience have shown that the visual and aural channels are excellent forms of amplifying, clarifying, and justifying theoretical…

Lamoureux, Elizabeth R.

424

Law of Mass Communications: Freedom and Control of Print and Broadcast Media. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is divided into three major sections: principles and development of freedom of expression, rights in conflict with free expression, and communications law and the public interest. Specific areas covered in the two chapters of the first section are freedom and control and a historical background of freedom of expression. The second…

Nelson, Harold L.; Teeter, Dwight L., Jr.

425

A New Metrology of Usability Test for New Communication Media-Humanoid Robot System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author interprets humanoid robots as a new communication medium with social interaction. Social interaction is essential for humanoid robots, because such robots are getting more common in social and home environments, such as a pet robot in the living room, a service robot at the office, or a robot serving people at a party. Social skills of such robots

T. Okuda

2006-01-01

426

Brave New Media World: A Science Communications Voyage to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch  

Microsoft Academic Search

By leveraging online tools, such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Google Earth, flickr and web-based discussion boards, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography team recently took science communications out of the static webpage to create an interactive journey that sparked social dialogue and helped raise awareness of science-based research on global marine environmental problems. A crew of 16 researchers, volunteers and support

A. Reisewitz; C. L. Clark

2009-01-01

427

Computers for Communication, Not Calculation: Media as a Motivation and Context for Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Asthe,skills that constitute literacy evolve to accommodate digital media, computer science education finds itself in a sorry state. While students are more in need of computational skills than ever, computer,science suffers dramatically low retention rates and ,a declining ,percentage ,of women ,and minorities. Studies of the problem ,point to the overemphasis,in computer,science classes on abstraction over application, technical details

Andrea Forte; Mark Guzdial

2004-01-01

428

Communication and Interpersonal Effectiveness: Skills Training for Older Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication and interpersonal effectiveness skills training can help older adults adapt to aging. Skills include expressing feelings in "I" statements, reflecting, validating self and others, and giving and receiving positive feedback. (SK)

Martin, Julie

1999-01-01

429

fundamental communication  

E-print Network

of all networks, and we will first revisit some of fundamental limits imposed on communication media a brief review of a variety of transmission media . Communication networks can be classified as switched, for physically realisable, a communication system need some extra bandwidth specified typically by a roll

Chen, Sheng

430

Effective Communication in Distributed Agile Software Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Agile methods prefer team members to be collocated to promote effective communication between team members. Effective communication\\u000a is crucial for distributed Agile software development where team members are scattered across different geographic locations,\\u000a and often across several time zones. We are conducting in a Grounded Theory study that explores distributed Agile software\\u000a development from the perspective of Agile practitioners. We

Siva Dorairaj; James Noble; Petra Malik

2011-01-01

431

Strength and Duration of the Effect of Aggressive,, Violent, and Erotic Communications On Subsequent Aggressive Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the aggression-modifying, immediate effect on provoked individuals of exposure to a neutral, an aggressive, a violent, or an erotic communication. All communications were followed by a common, non-involving, nonaggressive communication. Under these conditions, neither the effect of the aggressive nor that of the violent communication differed appreciably from the effect of the neutral communication. In contrast, the

Dolf Zillmann; James L. Hoyt; Kenneth D. Day

1974-01-01

432

Developing Tools and Techniques to Increase Communication Effectiveness  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Public Affairs Office (PAO) of the Johnson Space Center (JSC) is responsible for communicating current JSC Space Program activities as well as goals and objectives to the American Public. As part of the 1996 Strategic Communications Plan, a review of PAO' s current communication procedures was conducted. The 1996 Summer Faculty Fellow performed research activities to support this effort by reviewing current research concerning NASA/JSC's customers' perceptions and interests, developing communications tools which enable PAO to more effectively inform JSC customers about the Space Program, and proposing a process for developing and using consistent messages throughout PAO. Note that this research does not attempt to change or influence customer perceptions or interests but, instead, incorporates current customer interests into PAO's communication process.

Hayes, Linda A.; Peterson, Doug

1997-01-01

433

Brave New Media World: A Science Communications Voyage to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By leveraging online tools, such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Google Earth, flickr and web-based discussion boards, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography team recently took science communications out of the static webpage to create an interactive journey that sparked social dialogue and helped raise awareness of science-based research on global marine environmental problems. A crew of 16 researchers, volunteers and support staff, with assistance from the shore-based Scripps Oceanography communications team, took readers and viewers aboard Scripps’ research vessel New Horizon during the 20-day and more than 2,500-mile SEAPLEX expedition (Scripps Environmental Accumulation of Plastic Expedition). The journey to the North Pacific Ocean Gyre, aka “The Great Pacific Garbage Patch,” was chronicled through popular daily blogs and tweets as the researchers shared interesting scientific facts and unusual findings contained in the 100 oceanographic tow samples conducted in the water to collect data on the distribution of plastic near the gyre.

Reisewitz, A.; Clark, C. L.

2009-12-01

434

Great Media and Communication Debates: WSIS and the MacBride Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1980 UNESCO published Many Voices, One World, the report of its In- ternational Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, also known as the MacBride Report, after the commission's chair, Sean MacBride, the Irish statesman and peace and human rights activist.1 In 2004, in an acknowledgment of its importance in current debates about the evolution of information societies, Rowman

Robin Mansell; Kaarle Nordenstreng

2007-01-01

435

Tantalisingly Close: An Archaeology of Communication Desires in Discourses of Mobile Wireless Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

While many studies on mobile wireless communication devices predominantly take a micro-scale approach and concentrate their often ethnographically informed focus on use values, social implications, conversation strategies, changing norms and ethics, culture-dependent domestication, and so forth, with this Ph.D. dissertation I propose to venture into a more historical and comparative direction, mainly in order to shed light on and engage

I. O. de Vries

2008-01-01

436

Media Affordances of a Mobile Push-To-Talk Communication Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an exploratory study of college-age students using two- way, push-to-talk cellular radios. We describe the observed and reported use of cellular radio by the participants, the activities and purposes for which they adopted it, and their responses. We then examine these empirical results using mediated communication theory. Cellular radios have a unique combination of affordances relative to

Allison Woodruff; Paul M. Aoki

2003-01-01

437

Media and journalism What media and journalism courses are there?  

E-print Network

and Communications Media and Cultural Studies Media Practice English and Media Studies (p69) Sociology and Media mix of debate about world media and culture. · We have close links with the creative industriesMedia and journalism Essentials What media and journalism courses are there? BA Journalism Media

Sussex, University of

438

Effective Gradients in Porous Media Due to Susceptibility Differences  

PubMed

In porous media, magnetic susceptibility differences between the solid phase and the fluid filling the pore space lead to field inhomogeneities inside the pore space. In many cases, diffusion of the spins in the fluid phase through these internal inhomogeneities controls the transverse decay rate of the NMR signal. In disordered porous media such as sedimentary rocks, a detailed evaluation of this process is in practice not possible because the field inhomogeneities depend not only on the susceptibility difference but also on the details of the pore geometry. In this report, the major features of diffusion in internal gradients are analyzed with the concept of effective gradients. Effective gradients are related to the field inhomogeneities over the dephasing length, the typical length over which the spins diffuse before they dephase. For the CPMG sequence, the dependence of relaxation rate on echo spacing can be described to first order by a distribution of effective gradients. It is argued that for a given susceptibility difference, there is a maximum value for these effective gradients, gmax, that depends on only the diffusion coefficient, the Larmor frequency, and the susceptibility difference. This analysis is applied to the case of water-saturated sedimentary rocks. From a set of NMR measurements and a compilation of a large number of susceptibility measurements, we conclude that the effective gradients in carbonates are typically smaller than gradients of current NMR well logging tools, whereas in many sandstones, internal gradients can be comparable to or larger than tool gradients. Copyright 1998 Academic Press. PMID:9571098

Hürlimann

1998-04-01

439

Effects of mineral spatial distribution on reaction rates in porous media  

E-print Network

Effects of mineral spatial distribution on reaction rates in porous media L. Li,1 C. A. Peters,2 on reaction rates in porous media. Pore-scale network models were constructed to represent sandstones. Peters, and M. A. Celia (2007), Effects of mineral spatial distribution on reaction rates in porous media

Peters, Catherine A.

440

Maintaining Ties on Social Media Sites: The Competing Effects of Balance, Exchange, and Betweenness  

E-print Network

for using social media data to begin isolating the effects of three distinct social forces on relationshipMaintaining Ties on Social Media Sites: The Competing Effects of Balance, Exchange, and Betweenness@cs.cornell.edu Abstract When users interact with one another on social media sites, the volume and frequency

Kleinberg, Jon

441

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (84th, Washington, DC, August 5-8, 2001). Media Ethics Division.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Media Ethics section of the proceedings contains the following 7 selected papers: "The Ethics Agenda of the Mass Communication Professorate" (Jay Black, Bruce Garrison, Fred Fedler, and Doug White); "What Would the Editor Do? A Three-Year Study of Student-Journalists and the Naming of Rape Victims in the Press" (Kim E. Karloff); "The Role of…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

442

210 SHORT COMMUNICATIONS WILSON, JR., W. H. 1989. Predation and the media-palmated Sandpipers on a Bay of Fundy mud-  

E-print Network

210 SHORT COMMUNICATIONS WILSON, JR., W. H. 1989. Predation and the media- palmated Sandpipers. Influences of cao- turing prey on subsequent search in the Oven- bird (Aves: Parulidae). Can. J. Zool. 55:195 8-1969. The Condor 99:21&213 0 The Cooper Ornithological Society 1997 AQUATIC COMMUNITY

McCarty, John P.

443

Five Strategic Imperatives for Interdisciplinary Study in Mass Communications/Media Studies in the U.S. and U.K.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary study can allow students to share ideas with scholars in allied fields and broaden their knowledge of global issues. Mass communication/media studies programs in the U.S. and U.K. can serve as models to lead students into successful learning through interdisciplinary study. This paper outlines five strategic imperatives for the…

Petrausch, Robert J.

2005-01-01

444

Construccion/Communicacion y Medios Publicitarios. Libro del Profesor (Construction/Communication & Media. Teacher's Guide). B5. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, written in Spanish, comprises the fourth grade unit of a career education curriculum for migrant students. Focus of the unit is on the tools and tasks of workers in 11 jobs in the construction, communication, and media occupational clusters: heavy equipment operator, architect, mason, carpenter, plumber, electrician, telephone line…

Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

445

Brave New Media World: Science Communication Voyages through the Global Seas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By leveraging online tools, such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Google Earth, flickr, web-based discussion boards, and a bi-monthly electronic magazine for the non-scientist, Scripps Institution of Oceanography is taking science communications out of the static webpage to create interactive journeys that spark social dialogue and helped raise awareness of science-based research on global marine environmental issues. Several new initiatives are being chronicled through popular blogs and expedition web sites as researchers share interesting scientific facts and unusual findings in near real-time.

Clark, C. L.; Reisewitz, A.

2010-12-01

446

From Mars to Media: The Phoenix Mars Mission and the Challenges of Real-Time, Multimedia Science Communication and Public Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the Mars Exploration Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and Mars Odyssey Missions set the standard for science communication and public education about Mars, the Phoenix Mission was presented with robust new communication challenges and opportunities. The new frontier includes Web 2.0, international forums, internal and external blogs, social networking sites, as well as the traditional media and education outlets for communicating science and information. We will explore the highlights and difficulties of managing the 'message from Mars' in our current multimedia saturated world while balancing authentic science discoveries, public expectations, and communication demands. Our goal is to create a more science savvy public and a more communication oriented science community for the future. The key issues are helping the public and our scientists distinguish between information and knowledge and managing the content that connects the two.

Buxner, S.; Bitter, C.

2008-12-01

447

Social Communicative Effects of a Virtual Program Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Embodied interface agents are considered to be a promising interface metaphor of the future since they are widely expected\\u000a to facilitate HCI and trigger natural communication. Although first evaluations indicate that virtual characters have various\\u000a strong effects, it is still unknown if and how embodied conversational agents affect the way in which users communicate with\\u000a the technological system. An experimental

Nicole C. Krämer

2005-01-01

448

Social Media and the Social Good: How Nonprofits Use Facebook to Communicate with the Public  

E-print Network

In this study, we examine the social networking practices of the 100 largest nonprofit organizations in the United States. More specifically, we develop a comprehensive classification scheme to delineate these organizations' use of Facebook as a stakeholder engagement tool. We find that there are 5 primary categories of Facebook "statuses", which can be aggregated into three key dimensions - "information", "community", and "action". Our analysis reveals that, though the "informational" use of Facebook is still significant, nonprofit organizations are better at using Facebook to strategically engage their stakeholders via "dialogic" and "community-building" practices than they have been with traditional websites. The adoption of social media seems to have engendered new paradigms of public engagement.

Saxton, Gregory D; Chiu, I-Hsuan; Feng, Bo

2012-01-01

449

1 Department Managers effectively communicate a commitment to integrity and ethics throughout your Department. This communication is done  

E-print Network

Yes No N/A 1 Department Managers effectively communicate a commitment to integrity and ethics throughout your Department. This communication is done through both words and actions. 2 Your Department has communicated its expectations that all employees adhere to established Department procedures as well

Barrash, Warren

450

Tweeting About Testing: Do Low-Income, Parenting Adolescents and Young Adults Use New Media Technologies to Communicate About Sexual Health?  

PubMed Central

Context Little research exists about adolescents' and young adults' use of new media technologies to communicate about sexual health. Understanding how young people at high risk for STDs use these technologies can inform media-based interventions. Methods Between October 2010 and March 2011, a sample of 94 low-income, parenting adolescents and young adults recruited at clinics in Connecticut completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview about their use of media technologies, communication with friends about sexual health and willingness to use media technologies for such communication. Descriptive statistics were calculated; characteristics of those willing and those unwilling to communicate were compared in chi-square, t and Mann-Whitney tests. Results Ninety-three percent of participants had mobile phones; 71% used Facebook regularly. Participants discussed sexual health more often with close friends than with casual friends, and preferred to have such conversations in person (71% with close friends and 68% with casual friends), over the phone (52% and 45%) or via text message (30% and 28%), rather than through social networking sites (0–9% and 2–7%). Fewer than one-third reported being willing to share sexual health information with friends through a specific new media technology. Those who were willing were predominantly black (59%); of those who were unwilling, 51% were Latino. Condom self-efficacy, STD knowledge and number of Facebook friends were greater among those who were willing than among those who were unwilling. Conclusions For conversations about sexual health, young urban parents prefer private forms of communication; thus, social networking sites may not aid STD interventions. PMID:22958662

Divecha, Zai; Divney, Anna; Ickovics, Jeannette; Kershaw, Trace

2014-01-01

451

Susan T. Kinney and Richard T. Watson “The effect of medium and task on dyadic communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media choice is an important topic in the field of organizational communication. With a plethora of media choices (e.g., letter, e-mail, voice mail, telephone, face-to-face meetings), the question of how and why individuals choose which medium to use in what situation takes on additional importance. This concern is also shared in professional communication. I present a summary of a paper

M. El-Shinnawy

1998-01-01

452

The Effects of Warnings, Computer-Based Media, and Probing Activity on Successful Lie Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study on computer-mediated deception features an experiment involving an interactive interview of deceitful applicants for a fictitious scholarship, using one of three different computer-based communication media. Results showed that people were successful at deceiving others no matter what medium was used, but interviewers who used interactive, as opposed to non-interactive, media probed interviewees more during the interviews. Probing led

Joey F. George; Kent Marett; Patti A. Tilley

2008-01-01

453

Effect of Bacterial Motility on Contaminant Mixing in Porous Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Groundwater flow is typically characterized by laminar flow and therefore contaminant mixing limited conditions prevail in subsurface environments. The presence of porous media introduces tortuosity to groundwater flow paths, thereby enhancing contaminant mixing. In addition, bacterial motility is reported to induce movement in their surrounding liquid, which may enhance contaminant mixing. Enhancement of chemical diffusion coefficients in bulk fluid due to bacterial random motility and chemotaxis has been already reported in literature. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of bacterial motility on contaminant mixing in the presence of porous media. A microfluidic device was designed and fabricated using standard photolithography and soft-lithography techniques to simulate a contaminant plume in subsurface porous media due to leakage of an underground storage tank. A non-reactive conservative tracer, Dextran solution labeled with FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate), was used as surrogate for the contaminant and the motile bacterial strain Escherichia coli HCB33 (wild type) was used for the experiments to enhance contaminant mixing. Images were obtained at various cross-sections along the device and fluorescence intensity profile distributions were analyzed to determine the transverse dispersion of the contaminant. Enhancement in contaminant mixing was assessed by comparing the contaminant transverse dispersion coefficients (Dyi) in porous media in presence of motile bacteria, immobilized bacteria, and with no bacteria. In order to quantify the contaminant dispersion coefficients under the various test conditions, experimental data obtained were fitted to concentration profiles predicted by the contaminant advection-dispersion equation for the given experimental conditions (Figure 1). The transverse dispersion coefficient values obtained in the presence of motile bacteria (Dymb)and with no bacteria (Dynb) were 2.49 x 10-4 cm2/s and 1.39 x 10-4 cm2/s respectively for a homogeneous porous medium with 42.23% porosity. Similarly, contaminant mixing in different pore geometries and porosities will be presented and the effect of these factors on bacterial enhancement of contaminant mixing will be analyzed. Figure 1: Best fit FITC labeled Dextran fluorescence intensity profiles along with experimentally obtained profiles at a longitudinal distance of 5 mm from the point of dextran injection in the absence (left plot, Dynb = 1.39 x 10-4 cm2/s) and presence (right plot, Dymb = 2.49 x 10-4 cm2/s) of motile bacteria (E. Coli HCB33).

Singh, R.; Olson, M. S.; Bioremediation At Drexel

2010-12-01

454

The communication triangle: elements of an effective warning message  

SciTech Connect

The lack of good communication is a very real problem in mine emergencies. To counter communication breakdowns, researchers at the NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory developed the Emergency Communication Triangle. It is a training intervention designed to help those giving a warning to provide the right sort of information and those receiving a warning to ask the right questions. The Triangle has six ordered components with the first three considered most important. The Emergency Communication is packaged as a short safety talk to be given by supervisors at the start of a shift. It was first tested in 1998 with a group of 236 workers at an underground mine in Colorado, and proved effective. It was followed up in 2003 and again in 2004. Now, more than half the miners would report who was affected by an event, 60% would report in its severity, and 70% would say what had been done so far. 3 figs.

Vaught, C.; Brnich, M.J. Jr.; Mallett, L. [NIOSH-PRL (United States)

2007-01-15

455

Lunar Surface Propagation Modeling and Effects on Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper analyzes the lunar terrain effects on the signal propagation of the planned NASA lunar wireless communication and sensor systems. It is observed that the propagation characteristics are significantly affected by the presence of the lunar terrain. The obtained results indicate that the terrain geometry, antenna location, and lunar surface material are important factors determining the propagation characteristics of the lunar wireless communication systems. The path loss can be much more severe than the free space propagation and is greatly affected by the antenna height, operating frequency, and surface material. The analysis results from this paper are important for the lunar communication link margin analysis in determining the limits on the reliable communication range and radio frequency coverage performance at planned lunar base worksites. Key Words lunar, multipath, path loss, propagation, wireless.

Hwu, Shian U.; Upanavage, Matthew; Sham, Catherine C.

2008-01-01

456

Effective health risk communication about pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations.  

PubMed

The consequences of pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations will depend partly on the effectiveness of health risk communications. Strategic planning should fully consider how life circumstances, cultural values, and perspectives on risk influence behavior during a pandemic. We summarize recent scientific evidence on communication challenges and examine how sociocultural, economic, psychological, and health factors can jeopardize or facilitate public health interventions that require a cooperative public. If ignored, current communication gaps for vulnerable populations could result in unequal protection across society during an influenza pandemic. We offer insights on communication preparedness gleaned from scientific studies and the deliberations of public health experts at a meeting convened by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 1 and 2, 2008. PMID:19797744

Vaughan, Elaine; Tinker, Timothy

2009-10-01

457

Cognition and the Media-ted Curriculum: Effects of Growing Up in an Electronic Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines forms of media in today's electronic environment including television, microcomputers, video games, and music television, and considers these media forms and their effects on cognitive processing. Implications for teachers and instructional designers in achieving curricular balance between print and electronic media are discussed. (MBR)

Chiarelott, Leigh

1984-01-01

458

Effect of image resolution on LBM simulation results of porous media Ali Takbiri, Mayank Tyagi  

E-print Network

porous media images (image-based simulations), however, are dependent on the resolutionEffect of image resolution on LBM simulation results of porous media Ali Takbiri, Mayank Tyagi porous media geometries, Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) has been shown to be one of the most efficient

Ullmer, Brygg

459

Whole Language and Its Effect on the School Library Media Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the evolution of the Whole Language curriculum, its current theory and practices, and its effect on the school library media center. The similarity between Whole Language and the Montessori approach to literacy is discussed, and the role of the media specialist in a Whole Language library media center is described. (31 references) (LRW)

Prillaman, Susan

1992-01-01

460

DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF MEDIA PORTRAYALS OF ALCOHOL: GOING BEYOND SHORT TERM INFLUENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation of alcohol by the mass media has been a rich source of research into the potential influence of media messages upon their audience. This paper reviews the existing literature in this field. It is noted that research has concentrated on attempts to measure the strength of media 'effects', employing techniques which have so far produced few fruitful results.

RICHARD K. BAILLIE

1996-01-01

461

Media Guidelines for the Responsible Reporting of Suicide: A Review of Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The media have a powerful influence on those at risk of suicide. Evidence linking sensational media reporting with imitative suicidal behavior continues to grow, prompting the widespread development of guidelines for media professionals on the reporting of suicide. While such guidelines have been widely implemented, only a small amount of research has addressed their use and effectiveness. Aims: To

India Bohanna; Xiangdong Wang

2012-01-01

462

Effective source term in the diffusion equation for photon transport in turbid media  

E-print Network

Effective source term in the diffusion equation for photon transport in turbid media Sergio Fantini used to describe photon transport in turbid media. We have performed a series of spectroscopy experiments on a number of uniform turbid media with different optical properties absorption coefficient

463

Measuring the Effects of Sexual Content in the Media: A Report to the Kaiser Family Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was prepared at the request of the Kaiser Family Foundation to examine the methodological options for investigating the effects of sexual content in the media on children and adolescents. To discuss the issues and prepare the report, a forum of 20 scholars with expertise in sexuality, sexual development, media analysis, and media

Huston, Aletha C.; Wartella, Ellen; Donnerstein, Edward

464

The Effect of Media on ChildrenA Methodological Assessment From a Social Epidemiologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the media research with children from a social epidemiological perspective. I am especially concerned with comparing the types of research designs, standard measures and modeling frameworks used in media studies to those used in (social) epidemiology and prevention research more generally. Overall, the state of research on the effect of various media on outcomes in children is

J. Michael Oakes

2009-01-01

465

Bioelectronic Learning: The Effects of Electronic Media on a Developing Brain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the effects of electronic media on the developing brains of children. Topics include the attentional demands of electronic media; commercial sponsorship; brain development, including memory systems and response systems; and what a developing mind can bring to the electronic media. (LRW)

Sylwester, Robert

1997-01-01

466

Media effects on black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) shoot culture growth in vitro: evaluation of multiple  

E-print Network

Media effects on black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) shoot culture growth in vitro: evaluation Biology 2008 Abstract The growth of black walnut shoot cultures was compared on media differing concentration. On WPM and 1/2X DKW media, hyperhydricity was observed at frequencies of 60­100% compared

467

The Effect of Media Interactivity on Mood Regulation: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of the study were to examine the potential of video games as mood changing tools, and to compare the effects of interactive media to mood and enjoyment with those of traditional media. Mood management theory was employed as a theoretical framework. Specifically, since interactive media require more cognitive intervention, this dissertation predicted 1) video games would enhance mood

2007-01-01

468

Organizational Communication Effectiveness: The View of Corporate Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares previous findings regarding dimensions of organizational communication effectiveness with the results of interviews with 48 northwest corporate administrators. Lists six major dimensions of effectiveness: (1) coaching and motivating employees, (2) encouraging worker involvement and participation, (3) self-motivation, (4) problem-solving…

Glaser, Susan R.; Eblen, Anna

1986-01-01

469

SHORT COMMUNICATION Differing effects of exogenous or endogenous  

E-print Network

SHORT COMMUNICATION Differing effects of exogenous or endogenous cathelicidin on macrophage toll immunomodulatory effects during the innate immune response. One such function of human cathelicidin is direct acid and flagellin. In this context, CRAMP is capable of aborting MyD88 synthesis and MyD88/IRAK

Nizet, Victor

470

Short communication Effectiveness of an electro-tactile vestibular substitution  

E-print Network

Short communication Effectiveness of an electro-tactile vestibular substitution system in improving upright postural control in unilateral vestibular-defective patients Nicolas Vuillerme a,*, Nicolas We investigated the effects of an electro-tactile vestibular substitution system (EVSS) on upright

Payan, Yohan

471

Cognitive complexity?simplicity as a determinant of communication effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study hypothesized that cognitively complex individuals would be more effective than cognitively simple individuals at accomplishing a communication dependent task. Analysis revealed that messages (generated by an exercise with tinker toy models and a password game) of complex individuals were more effective than the messages of comparatively simple individuals.

Claudia L. Hale

1980-01-01

472

SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental  

E-print Network

SHORT COMMUNICATION Quantifying the effects of individual and environmental variability in fish ABSTRACT The effect of environmental variability on fish recruitment is analysed using simple linear growth of recruitment. It is also argued that environmental variance should lead to differences in growth rates observed

James, Alex

473

New Media in IYA2009: Communicating with the world via the web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 2009 International Year of Astronomy, new media will play a prominent role in engaging people in the universe that is theirs to discover. New online projects will take advantage of a diversity of technologies, allowing us to bring content to people through a variety of devices in places they work, play and learn. In this session we will give an overview of our programs, high-lighting: "AstroTwitter," an interface that asks 'What are you looking at?' and allows you to see how observers around the globe (professional and amateur) answer that same question; "Portal to the Universe," your one stop shop for all things new in astronomy; the "365 Days of Astronomy" podcast, which brings you an 8-minute podcast on the people, places, things, thoughts and discoveries in astronomy each day of 2009; new projects to extend Galaxy Zoo to new areas of science both in our solar system and at the edge of the cosmos; our social networking initiatives in Facebook, Flickr and YouTube; and the IYA Second Life® Island, which will be unveiled during this session. In addition to showing you how to access each of these new projects, we will also tell you how you can become a part of the projects in the coming months.

Gay, Pamela L.; Koppelman, M.; IYA New Media Task Group

2009-01-01

474

Use of New Media by Turkish Fans in Sport Communication: Facebook and Twitter  

PubMed Central

This research examines the use of Facebook and Twitter, two social networks, for sportive reasons in Turkey. To this end, the literature was surveyed and a 5 Likert type data collection tool consisting of 21 questions was developed by the researcher based on the expert views. The sample of the research included 460 sport fans who are college students at Abant ?zzet Baysal University and Sakarya University. It was found in the research that 91.7% of the participants had a profile on Facebook and 13.3% had a profile on Twitter. The rate of opening an account on Twitter, which still has no version in Turkish language, was low. It was found that the fans mostly followed the official site of their favorite team on Facebook, got informed about the sports activities through Facebook and learned news, which they did not hear from other sources. It was also ascertained that male fans used social networks for sportive reasons more than female fans did (p<.05). It is possible to state that social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become a rapidly-developing alternative medium in sports against traditional media such as newspaper and television. PMID:23487565

Ozsoy, Selami

2011-01-01

475

MEDIA LEGITIMATION EFFECTS IN THE MARKET FOR INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we argue that media-provided information affects investors' impressions of newly public firms. In 225 initial public offerings (IPOs), the volume of media- provided information had a negative, diminishing relationship with underpricing and a positive, diminishing relationship with stock turnover on the first day of trading. The relationship between the tenor of media-provided information and underpricing in- creases

TIMOTHY G. POLLOCK; VIOLINA P. RINDOVA

2003-01-01

476

Effect of activated charcoal, autoclaving and culture media on sucrose hydrolysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of activated charcoal, autoclaving and culture media on sucrose hydrolysis in tissue culture media was investigated. Activated charcoal acidified an aqueous sucrose (5%) solution and culture media by about 1 to 2 units after autoclaving. Sucrose hydrolysis in tissue culture media and\\/or aqueous sucrose (5%) solutions containing activated charcoal (buffered to pH 5.8) was dependent on both the

M. J. Pan; J. van Staden

1999-01-01

477

Media education.  

PubMed

The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes that exposure to mass media (eg, television, movies, video and computer games, the Internet, music lyrics and videos, newspapers, magazines, books, advertising) presents health risks for children and adolescents but can provide benefits as well. Media education has the potential to reduce the harmful effects of media and accentuate the positive effects. By understanding and supporting media education, pediatricians can play an important role in reducing harmful effects of media on children and adolescents. PMID:20876180

Strasburger, Victor C

2010-11-01

478

CHAPTER 3 Media Violence Effects and Violent Crime  

E-print Network

Whether exposure of children or adults to violent media is a cause of aggression and violent behavior has been one of the most intensely debated issues in criminal justice and the broader populace. Debates about the effects of media ranging from books to video games have a long history (Trend, 2007). Even religious writings such as the Bible have been the target of criticism, from early Christian writings in the Roman Empire to “native ” language translations of the Bible in the late medieval period. In fact, the Bible recently came back in the spotlight with a study suggesting that reading passages from the Bible with violent content provokes aggression in the same manner as violent video games or television allegedly do (Bushman, Ridge, Das, Key & Busath, 2007). The 20th century has seen many other examples, from Harry Potter teaching witchcraft, to the concern (largely evaporated) that playing Dungeons and Dragons would lead to Satanism or mental illness, to the Hays Code “taming” of Betty Boop (which, by forcing her to put on more clothes, doomed

Good Science; Moral Panic; Christopher J. Ferguson

479

The Constitutive Relations and the Magnetoelectric Effect for Moving Media  

E-print Network

In this paper the constitutive relations for moving media with homogeneous and isotropic electric and magnetic properties are presented as the connections between the generalized magnetization-polarization bivector $%\\mathcal{M}$ and the electromagnetic field F. Using the decompositions of F and $\\mathcal{M}$, it is shown how the polarization vector P(x) and the magnetization vector M(x) depend on E, B and two different velocity vectors, u - the bulk velocity vector of the medium, and v - the velocity vector of the observers who measure E and B fields. These constitutive relations with four-dimensional geometric quantities, which correctly transform under the Lorentz transformations (LT), are compared with Minkowski's constitutive relations with the 3-vectors and several essential differences are pointed out. They are caused by the fact that, contrary to the general opinion, the usual transformations of the 3-vectors $% \\mathbf{E}$, $\\mathbf{B}$, $\\mathbf{P}$, $\\mathbf{M}$, etc. are not the LT. The physical explanation is presented for the existence of the magnetoelectric effect in moving media that essentially differs from the traditional one.

Tomislav Ivezic

2012-03-31

480

Communicating Contraceptive Effectiveness: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Increasing the knowledge of women on effectiveness of contraceptive methods can lead to the use of more effective methods and reduce unwanted pregnancies and adverse outcomes. We aimed to compare three different approaches for increasing women’s understanding of effectiveness of contraceptive methods. Methods:We ran-domly assigned 630 eligible women of reproductive age to one of the three groups. Each woman received one of three charts presenting pregnancy risk with each contraceptive method. Participants before and while reviewing the chart, answered to three key ques-tions about the effectiveness of the methods. The data were analyzed using chi-square, ANOVA and McNemar's tests in SPSS version 13. Results: The most important reasons for choosing contraceptive methods were their effectiveness (45%), ease of use (18%) and few side effects (14%). At baseline, the participants' knowledge about the effective-ness of the methods was poor. Correct answers were 44% about comparing the effec-tiveness of the combined pills vs. that of condoms, 50% about intrauterine devices vs. injectables, and 52% about condoms vs. withdrawal. While reviewing the charts, the percentages significantly (p < 0.001) increased to 80%, 84% and 85%, respectively. All the three charts almost equally increased the correct responds to the questions. Conclusion: The three approaches had considerable and nearly identical effects on the promotion of women's knowledge about effectiveness of the contraceptive methods. Therefore, appropriate use of the charts is required during counseling sessions for contraceptive choice because it is impossible to have informed choice of the method without understanding their effectiveness.

Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Sakineh; Shahnazi, Mahnaz; Jahanbakhsh, Roghaieh

2012-01-01

481

Turnout in Developing Countries: The Effect of Mass Media on National Voter Participation  

E-print Network

1 Turnout in Developing Countries: The Effect of Mass Media on National Voter Participation to turnout in developing countries. Even more understudied is the effect of mass media, as the main source (accountability effect); (ii) to select competent individuals for public office (legitimacy effect); and, (iii

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

482

Determining the effectiveness of illustrated communication material for communication with intubated patients at an intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Communication with non-speaking patients in intensive care unit is stress for both nurse and patients. Semi-experimental study that took place at a University Hospital was to develop illustrated material for patient communication and determine its effectiveness. The study sample consisted of 90 intubated patients at the Adult Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit who had undergone open heart surgery. The patients were divided into the intervention and control groups. Data analysis was with descriptive statistics and the ?(2) test. The illustrated communication material was stated to be helpful by 77.8% and partially helpful by 22.2% of the intervention group patients regarding the communication between the health-care staff and the patients. Control group patients had more difficulties communicating with the health-care staff. Illustrated communication material was an effective method in communicating with intubated patients. PMID:24118470

Otuzo?lu, Münevver; Karahan, Azize

2014-10-01

483

Effects of four computer-mediated communications channels on trust development  

Microsoft Academic Search

When virtual teams need to establish trust at a distance, it is advantageous for them to use rich media to communicate. We studied the emergence of trust in a social dilemma game in four different communication situations: face-to-face, video, audio, and text chat. All three of the richer conditions were significant improvements over text chat. Video and audio conferencing groups

Nathan Bos; Judith S. Olson; Darren Gergle; Gary M. Olson; Zach Wright

2002-01-01

484

Effect of peripheral communication pace on attention allocation in a dual-task situation  

E-print Network

Effect of peripheral communication pace on attention allocation in a dual-task situation Sofiane for interpersonal communication. It reports on an experiment that studied the effect of peripheral communication for interpersonal communication. We conducted a quantitative experiment to determine the effect of a snapshot

485

Assured communications and combat resiliency: the relationship between effective national communications and combat efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Combat resiliency is the ability of a commander to prosecute, control, and consolidate his/her's sphere of influence in adverse and changing conditions. To support this, an infrastructure must exist that allows the commander to view the world in varying degrees of granularity with sufficient levels of detail to permit confidence estimates to be levied against decisions and course of actions. An infrastructure such as this will include the ability to effectively communicate context and relevance within and across the battle space. To achieve this will require careful thought, planning, and understanding of a network and its capacity limitations in post-event command and control. Relevance and impact on any existing infrastructure must be fully understood prior to deployment to exploit the system's full capacity and capabilities. In this view, the combat communication network is considered an integral part of or National communication network and infrastructure. This paper will describe an analytical tool set developed at ORNL and RNI incorporating complexity theory, advanced communications modeling, simulation, and visualization technologies that could be used as a pre-planning tool or post event reasoning application to support response and containment.

Allgood, Glenn O.; Kuruganti, Phani Teja; Nutaro, James; Saffold, Jay

2009-05-01

486

How effective and cost-effective was the national mass media smoking cessation campaign 'Stoptober'??  

PubMed Central

Background A national smoking cessation campaign based on behaviour change theory and operating through both traditional and new media was launched across England during late 2012 (‘Stoptober’). In addition to attempting to start a movement in which smokers would quit at the same time in response to a positive mass quitting trigger, the campaign set smokers the goal of being smoke-free for October and embodied other psychological principles in a range of tools and communications. Methods Data on quit attempts were obtained from 31,566 past-year smokers during nationally representative household surveys conducted monthly between 2007 and 2012. The effectiveness of the campaign was assessed by the increase in national quit attempt rate in October relative to other months in 2012 vs. 2007–2011. Results Relative to other months in the year, more people tried to quit in October in 2012 compared with 2007–2011 (OR = 1.79, 95%CI = 1.20–2.68). In 2012 there was an approximately 50% increase in quitting during October compared with other months of the same year (9.6% vs. 6.6%; OR = 1.50, 95%CI = 1.05–2.15), whereas in 2007–2011 the rate in October was non-significantly less than in other months of the same period (6.4% vs. 7.5%; OR = 0.84, 95%CI = 0.70–1.00). Stoptober is estimated to have generated an additional 350,000 quit attempts and saved 10,400 discounted life years (DLY) at less than £415 per DLY in the modal age group. Conclusions Designing a national public health campaign with a clear behavioural target (making a serious quit attempt) using key psychological principles can yield substantial behaviour change and public health impact. PMID:24322004

Brown, Jamie; Kotz, Daniel; Michie, Susan; Stapleton, John; Walmsley, Matthew; West, Robert

2014-01-01

487

Research paper: The effects of hands-free communication device systems: communication changes in hospital organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo analyze the effects that hands-free communication device (HCD) systems have on healthcare organizations from multiple user perspectives.DesignThis exploratory qualitative study recruited 26 subjects from multiple departments in two research sites located in Portland, Oregon: an academic medical center and a community hospital. Interview and observation data were gathered January through March, 2007.MeasurementsData were analyzed using a grounded theory approach.

Joshua E. Richardson; Joan S. Ash

2010-01-01

488

Treatment of the adverse effects of contrast media.  

PubMed

Although low-osmolar contrast media are relatively safe, a moderate non-life-threatening reaction requiring some treatment does occur in 0.2-0.4% of patients. A severe life-threatening reaction can be expected in 0.04% of patients. Prompt recognition and treatment are invaluable in blunting the adverse response of a patient to radiographic contrast material and may prevent the reaction from becoming severe or even life-threatening. Radiologists and their staff should review treatment protocols regularly so that each can play his/her role efficiently. Knowledge, training, and preparation are crucial for guaranteeing appropriate and effective therapy in the event of an adverse contrast-related event. On the basis of a review of the literature, we suggest a treatment protocol. PMID:9571931

Thomsen, H S; Bush, W H

1998-05-01

489

Using the Power of Media to Communicate Science: A Question of Style?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational effects of the style, content, and quality inherent in several multimedia and desktop-publishing products available to science teachers, including books, interactive software, videos, and computer simulations. (JJK)

Imhof, Heidi

1991-01-01

490

The effect on wireless sensor communication when deployed in biomass.  

PubMed

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have been studied in a variety of scenarios over recent years, but work has almost exclusively been done using air as the transmission media. In this article some of the challenges of deploying a WSN in a heterogeneous biomass, in this case silage, is handled. The dielectric constant of silage is measured using an open-ended coaxial probe. Results were successfully obtained in the frequency range from 400 MHz to 4 GHz, but large variations suggested that a larger probe should be used for more stable results. Furthermore, the detuning of helix and loop antennas and the transmission loss of the two types of antennas embedded in silage was measured. It was found that the loop antenna suffered less from detuning but was worse when transmitting. Lastly, it is suggested that taking the dielectric properties of silage into account during hardware development could result in much better achievable communication range. PMID:22164076

Larsen, Jakob Juul; Green, Ole; Nadimi, Esmaeil S; Toftegaard, Thomas Skjødeberg

2011-01-01

491

Understanding media development: A framework and case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ongoing evolution of communications technologies and systems creates significant challenges for any effort to understand the role of media in the lives of children and adolescents. The dominant paradigm in studying the relationship between children and media has been one of media effects. However, we propose a reciprocal relationship in which human capabilities and motivation affect the development of

Barbara J. O'Keefe; Sean Zehnder

2004-01-01

492

Effects of a brief media intervention on expectations, attitudes, and intentions of mental health help seeking.  

PubMed

This study examined the effects of a mass-media video intervention on expectations, attitudes, and intentions to seek help from professional mental health care services. A public service announcement-style, mass-media video intervention was developed, with prior empirical research on help-seeking behaviors organized according to the theory of reasoned action/planned behavior. In total, 228 participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: (a) the media-exposed intervention group, who watched programming in which the media intervention was inserted, and (b) the control group, who watched the same programming without the media intervention. The media intervention was not influential on expectation and belief-based barrier variables. However, the media intervention was effective at increasing positive attitudes toward help seeking. Findings regarding the intervention's ability to increase help-seeking intentions for interpersonal problems were complex. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed. PMID:22352947

Demyan, Amy L; Anderson, Timothy

2012-04-01

493

STRUCTURED COMMUNICATION: EFFECTS ON STUDENT TEACHER - COOPERATING TEACHER RELATIONSHIPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions held by agricultural science student teachers about their relationship with cooperating teachers during field experiences is a variable that may affect the number of student teachers entering the profession. The purpose of this study, which was part of a larger study, was to examine the effects implementing structured communication between student teachers and cooperating teachers would have on student

Don W. Edgar; T. Grady Roberts; Tim H. Murphy

494

Effective Communication with Cultural Heritage Using Virtual Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cultural heritage is neither static nor stable. There is a need to explore ways for effectively communicating with cultural heritage to tourists and society at large, in an age of immediacy, a time of multiple realities and to multi-cultural tourists. It is vital to consider cultural heritage as a creative and relational process where places and communities are constantly remade through creative performance. The paper introduces virtual technologies as an approach to attain effective communication with cultural heritage. This approach emphasizes the importance of "user, content and context" in guiding the production of virtual heritage, as opposed to technology being the sole motivator. It addresses how these three issues in virtual heritage need to be transformed from merely representing quantitative data towards cultural information using the proposed effective communication triangle through representing meaningful relationships between cultural heritage elements, users and context. The paper offers a focused articulation of a proposed computational platform of "interactive, personalized and contextual-based navigation" with Egyptian heritage monuments as a one step forward towards achieving effective communication with Egyptian cultural heritage.

Reffat, R. M.; Nofal, E. M.

2013-07-01

495

Effective erasure codes for reliable computer communication protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliable communication protocols require that all the intended recipients of a message receive the message intact. Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) techniques are used in unicast protocols, but they do not scale well to multicast protocols with large groups of receivers, since segment losses tend to become uncorrelated thus greatly reducing the effectiveness of retransmissions. In such cases, Forward Error Correction

Luigi Rizzo

1997-01-01

496

Teaching Effective Communication Skills with ACE: Analyzing, Composing, & Evaluating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most business communication classes teach students to use a writing process to compose effective documents. Students practice the process by applying it to various types of writing with various purposes-reports, presentations, bad news letters, persuasive memos, etc. However, unless students practice that process in other contexts outside of the…

Snyder, Lisa Gueldenzoph; Shwom, Barbara

2011-01-01

497

The Communicative Effectiveness Survey: Preliminary Evidence of Construct Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To provide preliminary evidence of the construct validity of the Communicative Effectiveness Survey (CES) for individuals with dysarthria and idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: In a prospective, quasi-experimental design, 25 participants each were assigned to 3 groups (N = 75): PD and dysarthria, non-PD and no dysarthria, and PD…

Donovan, Neila J.; Kendall, Diane L.; Young, Mary Ellen; Rosenbek, John C.

2008-01-01

498

Effective Communication in Legal and Public Policy Hearings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists play a special role in legal debates and public policy decisions. The challenge for scientists who serve as expert witnesses is to communicate effectively in various legal forums, including litigation and legislative hearings. Expert witnesses must not advocate for one side or the other but must be able to convey the meaning as well as the quality and accuracy of their work.

Hilbert, Jim; Sonsteng, John; Thorstad, Linda

2014-04-01

499

Toward a Standard of Communication Training Effectiveness Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication training efforts in American business have increased steadily for the past several years. While this increase may be viewed as positive from several vantage points, it has not been matched by an increase in any systematic application of evaluation measures. Effective evaluation should take place at various levels. D. L. Kirkpatrick…

Stevens, Matthew D.; Hellweg, Susan A.

500

Data communications  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to recommend regulatory guidance for reviewers examining computer communication systems used in nuclear power plants. The recommendations cover three areas important to these communications systems: system design, communication protocols, and communication media. The first area, system design, considers three aspects of system design--questions about architecture, specific risky design elements or omissions to look for in designs being reviewed, and recommendations for multiplexed data communication systems used in safety systems. The second area reviews pertinent aspects of communication protocol design and makes recommendations for newly designed protocols or the selection of existing protocols for safety system, information display, and non-safety control system use. The third area covers communication media selection, which differs significantly from traditional wire and cable. The recommendations for communication media extend or enhance the concerns of published IEEE standards about three subjects: data rate, imported hazards and maintainability.

Preckshot, G.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-08-01