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1

Replace with abstract title  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interface property of perylene thin-film and OTS (octadecyltriclorosilane) monolayer, and its effects on the characteristics of perylene thin-film transistor D. S. Park, S. J. Kang, H. J. Kim, and C. N. Whang Institute of Physics and Applied Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul, KOREA We researched the perylene thin-film which is known for the characteristics of both P-type, and N-type. Perylene

Daesik Park; Seongjun Kang; Huijung Kim; Jungnam Whang

2004-01-01

2

Keyword extraction from abstracts and titles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keywords are very important for any academic paper. We propose the Perceptron Training Rule for keyword extraction from titles and abstracts. We present a system for generating keywords which relies on weights of words in a sentence. The system generates keywords from academic research articles by selecting the most relevant keywords. We compare the keywords generated by our system and

Rekha Bhowmik

2008-01-01

3

37 CFR 1.72 - Title and abstract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...heading on the first page of the specification. (b) A brief abstract of the technical disclosure in the specification must commence on a separate sheet...inspection the nature and gist of the technical disclosure. [65 FR...

2013-07-01

4

LIS Dissertation Titles and Abstracts (1930-2009): Where Have All the Librar* Gone?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the topicality of Library and Information Science (LIS) dissertations written between 1930 and 2009 at schools with American Library Association (ALA)--accredited university programs in North America. Dissertation titles and abstracts were examined for the presence of library-related keywords drawn from the core curricula of…

Finlay, Craig S.; Sugimoto, Cassidy R.; Li, Daifeng; Russell, Terrell G.

2012-01-01

5

The Role of Title, Metadata and Abstract in Identifying Clinically Relevant Journal Articles  

PubMed Central

Access to current clinical information involves searches of bibliographic databases, such as MEDLINE®, and subsequent evaluation of retrieval results for relevance to a specific clinical situation and quality of the reported research. We establish the amount of information that needs to be provided by an information retrieval system to assist healthcare practitioners in identifying clinically relevant information and evaluating its potential strength of evidence. We find 92% of titles informative enough for a practitioner to correctly classify publications as clinical, but not sufficient for classification of research quality. We suggest automatic organization of retrieval results into strength of evidence categories to supplement title-based judgments and provide quick access to the abstracts of the most promising articles. We find information in the abstracts sufficient to identify articles potentially immediately useful for clinical decision support. These findings are important to the design of information retrieval systems supporting small, low-bandwidth handheld computers.

Demner-Fushman, Dina; Hauser, Susan; Thoma, George

2005-01-01

6

Is searching full text more effective than searching abstracts?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: With the growing availability of full-text articles online, scientists and other consumers of the life sciences literature now have the ability to go beyond searching bibliographic records (title, abstract, metadata) to directly access full-text content. Motivated by this emerging trend, I posed the following question: is searching full text more effective than searching abstracts? This question is answered by

Jimmy J. Lin

2009-01-01

7

Health professional knowledge of breastfeeding: are the health risks of infant formula feeding accurately conveyed by the titles and abstracts of journal articles?  

PubMed

Effective promotion of breastfeeding is constrained if health professionals' knowledge on its importance is deficient. This study asks whether formula feeding is named as the risk factor in published research or whether it is considered the unspoken norm. A systematic analysis is conducted of the information content of titles and abstracts of 78 studies that report poorer health among formula-fed infants. This shows a surprising silence in the studies examined; formula is rarely named in publication titles or abstracts as an exposure increasing health risk. In 30% of cases, titles imply misleadingly that breastfeeding raises health risk. Only 11% of abstracts identify formula feeding as a health risk exposure. Initiatives to increase breastfeeding have described the importance of accurate language and well-informed health professional support. If widespread, this skew in communication of research findings may reduce health professionals' knowledge and support for breastfeeding. PMID:19369684

Smith, Julie; Dunstone, Mark; Elliott-Rudder, Megan

2009-08-01

8

NOAA federal/state cooperative program in atmospheric modification research. Collected publication titles and abstracts. Technical memo  

SciTech Connect

The volume contains the titles and abstracts of technical publications through fiscal year 1992 that are the products of the NOAA Federal/State Cooperative Program in Atmospheric Modification Research. The program is focused on the very interdisciplinary science of purposeful cloud modification for precipitation enhancement and hail suppression, and unintentional modification of clouds and precipitation. The audience includes, for example, water managers, policy makers, scientists, practitioners in the field, and the interested public. Listed are publications on topics including but not limited to: cloud and precipitation processes, numerical cloud and atmospheric mesoscale modeling, atmospheric and storm monitoring instrumentation and technologies, aerosol transport and dispersion in clouds and over complex terrain, cloud seeding technologies and effects, agricultural responses to cloud modification, weather economics and societal aspects of cloud modification, unintentional weather and climate modification, and precipitation and hydrological assessment and forecasting.

Reinking, R.F.

1993-04-01

9

Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: an illustrative review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts  

PubMed Central

Key components of healthcare interventions include ‘active ingredients’ (intervention components that can be specifically linked to effects on outcomes such that, were they omitted, the intervention would be ineffective). These should be reported in titles and abstracts of published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, reporting of non-pharmacologic interventions (NPIs), particularly behaviour change interventions (BCIs), is difficult, owing to their complexity. This illustrative review compares how pharmacologic interventions (PIs), NPIs and BCIs are specified in titles and abstracts to clarify how reporting of NPIs and BCIs can be improved. MEDLINE and Embase were searched for RCTs published in the British Medical Journal, The Journal of the American Medical Association, The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet and Annals of Behavioral Medicine from 2009 to March 2011. All types of intervention, participant and outcome were included. A random sample of 198 studies (sampled proportionally from included journals) stratified by intervention type (PI/NPI) was taken: 98 evaluated PIs, 96 evaluated NPIs and four evaluated both. Studies were coded for the presence or absence of key components. The frequency data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Active ingredients were named in 88% titles and 95% abstracts of PI reports, and in 51% titles and 71% abstracts of NPI reports, with a significant association between intervention type and reporting of active ingredients in titles (?2(1) = 28.90; P < 0.001) and abstracts (?2(1) = 16.94; P < 0.001). Active ingredients were named in BCI reports in 37% titles and 56% abstracts, and in other NPI reports in 66% titles and 86% abstracts. There was also a significant association between intervention type and reporting of active ingredients in titles (?2(1) = 6.68; P = 0.010) and abstracts (?2(1) = 8.66; P = 0.003). Reporting practices also differed for such components as the trial setting and intervention provider. This review highlights the need for improved reporting of NPIs (particularly BCIs) and indicates that a set of agreed labels and definitions for complex NPIs could facilitate standardized reporting. This would ensure that interventions can be faithfully replicated and that evidence for interventions can be appropriately synthesized.

2013-01-01

10

Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: an illustrative review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts.  

PubMed

Key components of healthcare interventions include 'active ingredients' (intervention components that can be specifically linked to effects on outcomes such that, were they omitted, the intervention would be ineffective). These should be reported in titles and abstracts of published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, reporting of non-pharmacologic interventions (NPIs), particularly behaviour change interventions (BCIs), is difficult, owing to their complexity. This illustrative review compares how pharmacologic interventions (PIs), NPIs and BCIs are specified in titles and abstracts to clarify how reporting of NPIs and BCIs can be improved. MEDLINE and Embase were searched for RCTs published in the British Medical Journal, The Journal of the American Medical Association, The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet and Annals of Behavioral Medicine from 2009 to March 2011. All types of intervention, participant and outcome were included. A random sample of 198 studies (sampled proportionally from included journals) stratified by intervention type (PI/NPI) was taken: 98 evaluated PIs, 96 evaluated NPIs and four evaluated both. Studies were coded for the presence or absence of key components. The frequency data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Active ingredients were named in 88% titles and 95% abstracts of PI reports, and in 51% titles and 71% abstracts of NPI reports, with a significant association between intervention type and reporting of active ingredients in titles (?2(1) = 28.90; P < 0.001) and abstracts (?2(1) = 16.94; P < 0.001). Active ingredients were named in BCI reports in 37% titles and 56% abstracts, and in other NPI reports in 66% titles and 86% abstracts. There was also a significant association between intervention type and reporting of active ingredients in titles (?2(1) = 6.68; P = 0.010) and abstracts (?2(1) = 8.66; P = 0.003). Reporting practices also differed for such components as the trial setting and intervention provider. This review highlights the need for improved reporting of NPIs (particularly BCIs) and indicates that a set of agreed labels and definitions for complex NPIs could facilitate standardized reporting. This would ensure that interventions can be faithfully replicated and that evidence for interventions can be appropriately synthesized. PMID:23688143

McCleary, Nicola; Duncan, Eilidh M; Stewart, Fiona; Francis, Jill J

2013-01-01

11

Abstracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of this paper reports a comparative study of the document classifications produced by the use of the single linkage, complete linkage, group average, and Ward clustering methods. Studies of cluster membership and of the effectiveness of cluster searches support previous findings that suggest that the single linkage classifications are rather different from those produced by the other

Anonymous

1986-01-01

12

Abstracts.  

PubMed

Postoperative sensitivity is characterized by short and sharp pain, and often experienced after cementation of indirect restorations. Factors associated with the occurrence of post-cementation sensitivity include type of cement, removal of smear layer by acid-etching, aggressive tooth preparation, inadequate provisional restorations, and patient's age. Its prevention is based on either interfering with mechanoreceptor activity or occluding the dentinal tubules. Regarding the latter, application of dentin desensitizers may be effective for blocking the tubules and significantly reducing dentin permeability and consequently postoperative sensitivity. This Critical Appraisal will present available clinical data where traditional materials such as zinc phosphate and glass ionomer cements (GIC) as well as self-adhesive resin-based cements were used. PMID:24761824

Farias, David; Walter, Ricardo; Swift, Edward J

2014-05-01

13

Beilstein Abstracts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently added to ChemWeb, Beilstein Abstracts is a free database of titles and abstracts of approximately 600,000 articles from 140 journals in organic and related chemistry. The articles run from 1980 to the present. After free registration with ChemWeb, users may browse or search the database by author, title, abstract, and several modifiers. Search returns include title, author, source, document type, language, and an abstract.

14

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Title I on School Behavior, Resources, and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the effects of Title I on school behavior, resources, and academic performance using a rich set of school finance and student-level achievement data from one large urban school district using a regression discontinuity design. We find that Title I eligibility raises Federal revenues of schools by about $460 per student. This is…

Matsudaira, Jordan D.; Hosek, Adrienne; Walsh, Elias

2012-01-01

15

Comprehension of a Non-Text: The Effect of the Title and Ambiguity Tolerance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effect of the title and ambiguity tolerance on the comprehensibility of a non-text. To this end, ten irrelevant sentences from different texts were put together to make two seemingly cohesive and coherent texts. The two texts were exactly the same except for the fact that one of them carried a title whereas the other…

Ahmadi, Alireza

2011-01-01

16

Fiscal Year 1976/Health and Environmental Effects Research Program Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report includes SSIE (Smithsonian Science Information) Abstracts pertaining to the FY 1976 Interagency Energy/Environment Research, Development and Demonstration Program being coordinated and managed by EPA's Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry....

A. Gerard P. Mavraganis K. Dixon H. Holte

1976-01-01

17

Fiscal Year 1975/Health and Environmental Effects Research Program Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report includes SSIE (Smithsonian Science Information) Abstracts pertaining to the FY 1975 Interagency Energy/Environment Research, Development and Demonstration Program being coordinated and managed by EPA's Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry....

K. Dixon H. Holte

1976-01-01

18

Generating effective project scheduling heuristics by abstraction and reconstitution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A project scheduling problem consists of a finite set of jobs, each with fixed integer duration, requiring one or more resources such as personnel or equipment, and each subject to a set of precedence relations, which specify allowable job orderings, and a set of mutual exclusion relations, which specify jobs that cannot overlap. No job can be interrupted once started. The objective is to minimize project duration. This objective arises in nearly every large construction project--from software to hardware to buildings. Because such project scheduling problems are NP-hard, they are typically solved by branch-and-bound algorithms. In these algorithms, lower-bound duration estimates (admissible heuristics) are used to improve efficiency. One way to obtain an admissible heuristic is to remove (abstract) all resources and mutual exclusion constraints and then obtain the minimal project duration for the abstracted problem; this minimal duration is the admissible heuristic. Although such abstracted problems can be solved efficiently, they yield inaccurate admissible heuristics precisely because those constraints that are central to solving the original problem are abstracted. This paper describes a method to reconstitute the abstracted constraints back into the solution to the abstracted problem while maintaining efficiency, thereby generating better admissible heuristics. Our results suggest that reconstitution can make good admissible heuristics even better.

Janakiraman, Bhaskar; Prieditis, Armand

1992-01-01

19

Effective Temperature of Planets (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)`  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet uses graphs to demonstrate the effective temperature of planets. The graphs display temperature versus distance from the sun. The albedo, solar constant, and distance can be adjusted. There are marks at each of the locations of the solar system planets. The axes can be in linear or logarithmic form; the temperature can be displayed in Kelvin, Fahrenheit, or Celsius.

Ackerman, Steve; Whittaker, Tom

20

Cerebral-Vascular Effects of Motion Sickness (Abstract Only).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Cerebral-vascular effects of motion sickness may be expressed not only and not so much in changes of the level of blood supply to the brain as in direct responses to such an effect, predominantly in changes of capacities of the cerebral blood circulation ...

Y. Y. Moskalenko A. I. Beketov V. F. Maksimuk N. A. Skoromnyy

1990-01-01

21

Magnitude of primary isotope effects for proton abstraction from carbon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary deuterium isotope effects have been measured for the loss of an ..cap alpha.. proton from 4-(4-nitrophenoxy)-2-butanone. The isotope effect data showed that no significant change in transition-state structure occurred in the same region of oxyanion catalyst pK\\/sub a\\/ range that does exhibit a large change in ..beta.. value. This conclusion confirms the previous assertion that the dramatic curvature in

D. J. Hupe; E. R. Pohl

1984-01-01

22

Comparison of the Effect of Using Title Keyword Searching and Subject Headings among the 10 Divisions of Dewey Decimal Classification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bibliographic records taken from books listed in "OCLC Selected Titles for Research and University Libraries" are used to determine whether the use of terms in the title for subject searching is an effective alternative to the use of Library of Congress subject headings among the 10 divisions of Dewey Decimal Classification. Terms in each title

Tsai, Shu-En

23

Effects of Nucleus Ice Annealing History on Cometary Outgassing (abstract)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An important consideration for comet modeling is the dependence of the thermal conductivity on the comet structure. The microporosity of the comet ices changes with time as the phase of the ice and its annealing history progresses. Effects of these [modeled] changes on the overall gas production, as a function of time, are presented.

Alexander, Claudia J.

1996-01-01

24

Application of photothermal effect to manufacture ultrasonic actuators (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photothermal (PT) effect has been applied to manufacture disks [A. C. Tam, a lecture at the Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, People's Republic of China (1996)] and magnetic head sliders for disk drives [A. C. Tam, C. C. Poon, and L. Crawforth, Analyt. Sci. 17, s 419 (2001)]. Now we apply the PT effect to manufacture ultrasonic motors (actuators). Recently, the ultrasonic actuators with different ultrasonic modes, such as Rayleigh (surface acoustic) mode, Lamb (plate) mode, etc., have been developed. We have designed and fabricated two rotary motors driven by surface acoustic wave (SAW) with different frequencies, but lower than 30 MHz [L. P. Cheng, G. M. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, J. Yu, and X. J. Shui, Ultrasonics 39, 591 (2002)]. On the SAW motors (actuators), two Rayleigh wave beams were generated and propagating along the surface of a 128° YK-LiNbO3 substrate in opposite directions with each other as a stator, and a plastic disk with balls distributed along the circle of the disk was as a rotor. For miniaturizing the rotary SAW motors, and increasing the rotation velocity, the SAW frequency must be increased. Then we improve the manufacturing technology of the mechanical structure by PT effect instead of the conventional mechanical processes of the stator and rotor of the motor. A new type of rotary SAW motor (actuator) has been fabricated, in which both SAW beams with opposite propagating directions are excited by two pairs of interdigital transducers with the frequency between 30-50 MHz. In the surface of the stator (128° YX-LiNbO3 substrate), a hole with the depth about 500 ?m is impinged by a focused pulsed Nd:YAG laser beam (PT effect) between two SAW propagating ways on the 128° YX-LiNbO3 substrate for fixing the axis of the motor, with the frequency between 30-50 MHz. In the bottom of the rotor (plastic disk), a lot of crown (flange) blocks with the high of 20-30 ?m and the diameter of also 20-30 ?m can be made by the focused pulsed Nd:YAG laser a focused continuous Ar+ laser heating (PT effect) for contacting with the stator. The symmetrical frictional force pairs produced between the crown blocks of the rotor with the local supporting SAW deformation points of the stator around the circle of the rotor to drive the motor to rotate. This kind of rotary SAW actuator can be applied to drive a recording head of HDD with satisfactory performance.

Zhang, Shu-Yi; Cheng, Li-Ping; Shui, Xiu-Ji; Yu, Jiong; Dong, Shu-Xiang

2003-01-01

25

The Effect of Leadership Style on Student Achievement in Title I Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the different types of leadership styles of public school administrators of Title I elementary schools in order to determine how these different types of leadership styles may affect student academic achievement. Specifically, the leadership style behaviors of flexibility and effectiveness were considered.…

Crain, Fredrick Scott

2010-01-01

26

A COST-EFFECTIVENESS MODEL FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TITLE I ESEA PROJECT PROPOSALS, PART I-VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SEVEN SEPARATE REPORTS DESCRIBE AN OVERVIEW OF A COST-EFFECTIVENESS MODEL AND FIVE SUBMODELS FOR EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY ACT TITLE I PROPOSALS. THE DESIGN FOR THE MODEL ATTEMPTS A QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION OF EDUCATION SYSTEMS WHICH MAY BE PROGRAMED AS A COMPUTER SIMULATION TO INDICATE THE IMPACT OF A TITLE I…

ABT, CLARK C.

27

Evaluation of Operation and Effects of Title IV Expenditures in Utah. Final Report, Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing the second year of a 3-year evaluation project, this nine-chapter report focuses on three Utah programs under Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The first program, Title IV-Part B (IV-B), provides funds for local education agency (LEA) purchases of educational materials and equipment; the second, Title IV-Part C…

Wasatch Inst. for Research and Evaluation, Logan, UT.

28

The Effect of Structural Abstractness in Interpersonal Stimuli on the Leadership Role.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was concerned with the effects of the integrative complexity of selected subjects on leadership formation in groups consisting of individuals with high integrative complexity (structurally abstract) versus those consisting of in dividuals with l...

H. M. Schroder, S. Streufert, D. C. Weeden

1964-01-01

29

Evaluation of Operation and Effects of Title IV Expenditures in Utah. Final Report, Volume 2: Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen appendices are gathered in this companion volume to a report summarizing the second year of a 3-year evaluation project focusing on three Utah programs funded under Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The appendices all relate to one of the three programs, Title IV-Part C (IV-C), which allocates funds for the adoption…

Wasatch Inst. for Research and Evaluation, Logan, UT.

30

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Performance Evaluation  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS TITLE: Effect of Process Indicators on the Episode Sensitivity of Mammography AUTHORS: T Sarkeala, M Hakama, I Saarenmaa, T Hakulinen,

31

Abstract Constructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a lesson designed to culminate a year of eighth-grade art classes in which students explore elements of design and space by creating 3-D abstract constructions. Outlines the process of using foam board and markers to create various shapes and optical effects. (DSK)

Pietropola, Anne

1998-01-01

32

How the Supplement-Not-Supplant Requirement Can Work against the Policy Goals of Title I: A Case for Using Title I, Part A, Education Funds More Effectively and Efficiently. Tightening Up Title I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, a federal program to provide additional assistance to academically struggling students in high-poverty areas, has long contained a provision called the "supplement-not-supplant" requirement. This provision was designed to ensure Title I funds were spent on extra educational services for…

Junge, Melissa; Krvaric, Sheara

2012-01-01

33

Effects of Land Use and Urbanization on Water Resources. A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTISearch bibliography contains 79 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. Presented are general studies on the effects of land use and urbanization on water resources and water quality. Also i...

E. J. Lehmann

1973-01-01

34

Fetal Effects of Maternal/Paternal Alcohol and Other Drug Use: Abstracts of Selected Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication includes abstracts of 45 articles published in recent years on the effects of maternal and paternal alcohol and other drug use on the fetus; prevention and intervention programs; and teaching strategies to be used with prenatally drug-exposed children. While not an exhaustive list of available research on these topics, this review…

Laws, Kathy; And Others

35

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heading   Abstract\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Rationale. Activation of the neuronal sigma1 (?1) receptor potentiates calcium mobilization, leading to effective modulation of postsynaptic responses to neurotransmitters.\\u000a At the behavioral level, ?1 agonists modulate learning, response to stress and depression. In particular, the selective ?1 agonist igmesine reduced immobility in the forced swimming test.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives and methods. We investigated the effect of modulators of Ca2+

Alexandre Urani; Pascal Romieu; Elodie Portales-Casamar; François J. Roman; Tangui Maurice

2002-01-01

36

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heading   Abstract\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives. Decreasing serotonergic neurotransmission in humans has been found to impair memory consolidation. Such effects may be relevant\\u000a to the memory deficits seen in major depression and the cognitive actions of antidepressant drugs used to treat them. However,\\u000a the improvement in cognitive function often found following successful pharmacological treatment in depression may be confounded\\u000a by symptom improvement.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Rationale.

Catherine J. Harmer; Zubin Bhagwagar; Phillip J. Cowen; Guy M. Goodwin

2002-01-01

37

An Investigation of the Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement in Title I Elementary Schools: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This was a multi-faceted mixed methods study that investigated several aspects associated to class size and the perceived effects on student achievement in Title I elementary schools. The data collection in this study was conducted through two separate phases. The first qualitative phase was a case study that was comprised of teacher interviews…

Murphy, Jennifer St. Germain

2010-01-01

38

The Effects of Training on the Attitudes of Parents and Caregivers After a Title XX Course on 'Working with Parents'.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trainees in a Title XX project were taught skills in working with parents. To measure training effectiveness, a questionnaire measuring parent attitudes toward the center and the caregivers was given to parents of center children, before and after the training. The parents indicated on the second questionnaire that they were less satisfied with…

Van Kirk, Marilyn

39

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heading   Abstract\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Rationale. Antidepressants may vary widely in their potential to impair cognitive and psychomotor functions. Little is known about their\\u000a effects on event-related brain potentials (ERPs).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives. To compare the effects of three pharmacologically different antidepressants on performance and ERPs in tasks of selective\\u000a attention and working memory.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods. Subjects were treated for 8 days with amitriptyline (sedative\\/anticholinergic TCA), nefazodone

M. W. van Laar; E. Volkerts; M. Verbaten; S. Trooster; H. van Megen; J. Kenemans

2002-01-01

40

Speaker Abstracts  

Cancer.gov

Meetings & Events Home Agenda Speaker Biosketches Abstracts Logistics Contact Abstracts The abstracts are listed in alphabetical order, by speaker last name: Targeting endothelial metabolism: principles and strategies Peter F. Carmeliet,

41

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Compensatory Education Funded by Title I, ESEA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1967 and 1968, TEMPO, a Research affiliate of The General Electric Company, evaluated federal assistance to local school districts to use for compensatory education authorized by 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I. The specific research questions were straight-forward: (1) Has statistically significant enhancement of pupil…

Gordon, Kenneth F.; Gordon, Barbara, J. A.

42

Six Years of Title I Evaluation Technical Assistance: Past Strategies and Measurement of Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the level and nature of Title I Evaluation Technical Assistance services provided in 14 western states over the past six years. The primary data source is the routine information collected by the Technical Assistance Center (TAC) on all contacts with clients. Points made as a result of this review are focused on what the data…

Arter, Judith A.

43

Some Effects of Schooling: A Three Year Follow-Up of a Title III Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an evaluation of a 3-year Title III project carried out in the Vigo County School Cooperation, Terre Haute, Indiana. The project involved the evaluation of three differing instructional methodologies utilized in three elementary schools which also differed in the socioeconomic background of the students. The Dixie Bee school,…

Barclay, James R.; And Others

44

Public Utility Commission Regulation and Cost-Effectiveness of Title IV: Lessons for CAIR  

SciTech Connect

There is growing evidence that the cost savings potential of the Title IV SO{sub 2} cap-and-trade program is not being reached. PUC regulatory treatment of compliance options appears to provide one explanation for this finding. That suggests that PUCs and utility companies should work together to develop incentive plans that will encourage cost-minimizing behavior for compliance with the EPA's recently issued Clean Air Interstate Rule.

Sotkiewicz, Paul M.; Holt, Lynne

2005-10-01

45

XIII International AIDS Conference Abstracts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US National Library of Medicine (NLM) has recently placed online over 5,000 abstracts from the XIII International AIDS Conference held in Durban, South Africa, July 9-14, 2000. Users can search by abstract ID, author, title, or text. Unfortunately, the collection is not browseable. Search returns include checkboxes that allow visitors to select multiple abstracts and view them all at once. Users may also click on the titles to view individual abstracts. Each abstract includes author information, background, methods, results, conclusions, and detailed contact information for the presenter.

46

Toxic and biomedical effects of textiles and textile production. (Latest citations from World Textile abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning toxicity associated with textiles. Vapors from burning flame-resistant fabric, magnesium vapors from polyester foam, and toxic emissions from insulation, clothing, and upholstery are described and evaluated. Health effects resulting from formaldehyde treatment of fabrics for crease-resistance, lubricant addition to polyester fabrics, and exposure to textile mill effluents and airborne particulates from textile mill rooms are examined. (Contains a minimum of 150 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-01-01

47

The Ripple Effect of Title IX on Women's Health Issues: Treating an Increasingly Active Population.  

PubMed

Perhaps no area in sports medicine has changed as dramatically in the last 30 years as women's health. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in all curricular and extracurricular activities at educational institutions that receive federal funding. Before 1972, many assumed that women were not interested in sports and that there was no need to provide programs for girls and women, and most primary care physicians had little experience in treating female athletes and other active women. PMID:20086462

Mees, Patricia D

2003-04-01

48

How the linguistic intergroup bias affects group perception: effects of language abstraction on generalization to the group.  

PubMed

The present research investigated whether the impact of the Linguistic Intergroup Bias (LIB; Maass, 1999) is related to the effects of linguistic abstraction on social attribution (Yzerbyt & Rogier, 2001). We did this by assessing the impact of abstract descriptions versus concrete descriptions on the generalization of a group member's behaviors to the whole group. A target's behaviors were more attributed to the group when the description was abstract than when it was concrete, and this effect of language abstraction was stronger when the description was positive than when it was negative. Our results provide an insight into how the LIB is involved in the perpetuation of intergroup bias. PMID:23421008

Assilaméhou, Yvette; Lepastourel, Nadia; Testé, Benoit

2013-01-01

49

Oil spills: Environmental effects. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning environmental impacts of oil spills primarily resulting from ship wrecks and oil drilling or exploration. Oil spills in temperate, tropic and arctic zones which affect fresh water, estuarine, and marine environments are included. Cleanup operations and priorities, computer modeling and simulation of oil spills, oil spill investigations, and prediction of oil slick movement in high traffic shipping lanes are among the topics discussed. Microbial degradation of oils, and toxicity studies of oils and oil dispersants affecting aquatic plant and animal life are considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-12-01

50

Oil spills: Environmental effects. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning environmental impacts of oil spills primarily resulting from ship wrecks and oil drilling or exploration. Oil spills in temperate, tropic and arctic zones which affect fresh water, estuarine, and marine environments are included. Cleanup operations and priorities, computer modeling and simulation of oil spills, oil spill investigations, and prediction of oil slick movement in high traffic shipping lanes are among the topics discussed. Microbial degradation of oils, and toxicity studies of oils and oil dispersants affecting aquatic plant and animal life are considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-01-01

51

Magnetic field effects on hydrogen abstraction of thiobenzophenone as a probe of microviscosity.  

PubMed

Hydrogen abstraction reactions of thiobenzophenone with thiophenol in solutions of varying viscosities (?=0.29-42.0 cP) were studied by a nanosecond laser flash photolysis under magnetic fields of 0-15.5 T. In alcoholic solutions, the escaped radical yield (Y) of thiobenzophenone ketyl radical showed appreciable magnetic field effects (MFEs). The observed MFEs can be interpreted with the ?g mechanism through the triplet radical pair. The relative escaped radical yield (R(1.7T)=Y(1.7T)/Y(0T)) decreased with increasing ? at 0

Tanaka, Miyuki; Yago, Tomoaki; Sakaguchi, Yoshio; Takamasu, Tadashi; Wakasa, Masanobu

2011-03-10

52

Heavy metals in drinking water: Standards, sources, and effects. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning studies of heavy metal pollutants in drinking water and their effects on public health. Topics examine the toxicological effects of prolonged exposure incurred by ingestion of lead, copper, nickel, mercury, cadmium, manganese, and zinc. Quantification factors, federal and state regulations and standards, and laboratory animal studies are discussed. Goundwater contamination by landfill leachates, acid precipitation contributions to groundwater pollution, and corrosion by-products in residential plumbing and public water supply transport systems are included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01

53

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   In engineering design, all products and artifacts have some intended reason behind their existence: the product or artifact\\u000a function. Functional modeling provides an abstract, yet direct, method for understanding and representing an overall product\\u000a or artifact function. Functional modeling also strategically guides design activities such as problem decomposition, physical\\u000a modeling, product architecting, concept generation, and team organization. A formal

Julie Hirtz; Robert B. Stone; Daniel A. McAdams; Simon Szykman; Kristin L. Wood

2002-01-01

54

General Visualization Abstraction Algorithm for Directable Interfaces: Component Performance and Learning Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior results demonstrated that the general visualization abstraction (GVA) algorithm can perform information abstraction (i.e., selection and grouping) and determine how information items should be presented (i.e., size) while lowering workload and improving situational awareness and task performance. This paper presents results from a within-subject evaluation to ascertain the relative strengths and weaknesses of the GVA algorithm's components and associated

Curtis M. Humphrey; Julie A. Adams

2010-01-01

55

Cross-Cultural Differences in the Effects of Abstract and Concrete Thinking on Imagery Generation and Ad Persuasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effect of culture on imagery generation and ad attitudes. Although research suggests that concrete stimuli generate more images than abstract stimuli, our study shows that this finding is not universal across cultures. Chinese generate more imagery than Americans when encountering abstract stimuli because Chinese tend to think concretely. Moreover, Chinese and Americans have different attitudes toward

Beichen Liang; Joseph Cherian

2010-01-01

56

Research Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents research abstracts from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology. Topics include: classroom communication apprehension and distance education; outcomes of a distance-delivered science course; the NASA/Kennedy Space Center Virtual Science Mentor program; survey of traditional and distance learning higher education members;…

Plotnick, Eric

2001-01-01

57

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heading   Abstract\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Rationale. Caffeine and nicotine are the main psychoactive ingredients of coffee and tobacco, respectively, with a high frequency of\\u000a concurrent use in humans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives. The aim of the present study was to examine the interaction of caffeine and nicotine in rats trained to discriminate nicotine\\u000a from saline.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods. Two groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=8 per group) were

Maciej Gasior; Maria Jaszyna; Patrik Munzar; Jeffrey M. Witkin; Steven R. Goldberg

2002-01-01

58

The Media Agenda-Setting Effect of Concrete versus Abstract Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study matches a content analysis sample of Time magazine coverage of two “concrete” issues (drug abuse, energy) and two “abstract” issues (nuclear arms race, federal budget deficit) with Gallup Poll data over a lengthy period to find confirmation of the hypothesis: The media set the agenda with news about specific news events which readers\\/viewers can visualize, but the

Aileen Yagade; David M. Dozier

1990-01-01

59

Effects of the interpersonal interaction on abstract thinking performance in schizophrenics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schizophrenics were subjected either to a positive or negative interpersonal situation (a standard interview) between administrations of parallel forms of a proverb scale. The level of abstract verbal performance was shown to be affected by the nature of the intervening interpersonal interaction and changes in level of performance were in the predicted directions for positive, negative, and control groups. No

Lee K. Little

1966-01-01

60

Temporal Construal Effects on Abstract and Concrete Thinking: Consequences for Insight and Creative Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six studies investigate whether and how distant future time perspective facilitates abstract thinking and impedes concrete thinking by altering the level at which mental representations are construed. In Experiments 1–3, participants who envisioned their lives and imagined themselves engaging in a task 1 year later as opposed to the next day subsequently performed better on a series of insight tasks.

Jens Förster; Ronald S. Friedman; Nira Liberman

2004-01-01

61

Inventory Abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the inventory abstraction as directed by the development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999b) is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 1999c, 1999d). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof, a set of radionuclides that should be modeled in the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and

C. Leigh

2000-01-01

62

INVENTORY ABSTRACTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the inventory abstraction, which has been prepared in accordance with a technical work plan (CRWMS M&O 2000e for ICN 02 of the present analysis, and BSC 2001e for ICN 03 of the present analysis), is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 2000c, 2000f). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof,

G. Ragan

2001-01-01

63

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a \\u000a Rationale: The drug-abuse literature suggests that benzodiazepines may be preferentially abused in conjunction with opioids rather than\\u000a stimulants. Objective: To investigate possible effects of diazepam on the reinforcing effects of morphine and amphetamine. Methods: The effects of diazepam (0.5, 1 or 2 mg\\/kg) on the formation and expression of conditioned place preferences (CPP) induced\\u000a by morphine sulphate (0.3, 0.8, 2

Francesco Leri; Keith B. J. Franklin

2000-01-01

64

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   \\u000a Rationale: Establishing functional deficits as a result of neurotoxic dosing regimens of MDMA has been difficult. However, moderate success\\u000a has been achieved when sensitive animal models and drug challenge have been used together. Objective: The present study used a repeated-acquisition technique and dose-effect determinations before, during and after neurotoxic\\u000a MDMA exposure to characterize the effects of serotonergic drugs on

Peter J. Winsauer; Una D. McCann; J. Yuan; Marcus S. Delatte; Michael W. Stevenson; George A. Ricaurte; Joseph M. Moerschbaecher

2002-01-01

65

INVENTORY ABSTRACTION  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the inventory abstraction, which has been prepared in accordance with a technical work plan (CRWMS M&O 2000e for ICN 02 of the present analysis, and BSC 2001e for ICN 03 of the present analysis), is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 2000c, 2000f). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof, a set of radionuclides that should be modeled in the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (TSPA-FEIS). (3) Provide initial radionuclide inventories for the TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS models. (4) Answer the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)'s Issue Resolution Status Report ''Key Technical Issue: Container Life and Source Term'' (CLST IRSR) key technical issue (KTI): ''The rate at which radionuclides in SNF [spent nuclear fuel] are released from the EBS [engineered barrier system] through the oxidation and dissolution of spent fuel'' (NRC 1999, Subissue 3). The scope of the radionuclide screening analysis encompasses the period from 100 years to 10,000 years after the potential repository at Yucca Mountain is sealed for scenarios involving the breach of a waste package and subsequent degradation of the waste form as required for the TSPA-SR calculations. By extending the time period considered to one million years after repository closure, recommendations are made for the TSPA-FEIS. The waste forms included in the inventory abstraction are Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel (CSNF), DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel (DSNF), High-Level Waste (HLW), naval Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plutonium waste. The intended use of this analysis is in TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS. Based on the recommendations made here, models for release, transport, and possibly exposure will be developed for the isotopes that would be the highest contributors to the dose given a release to the accessible environment. The inventory abstraction is important in assessing system performance because radionuclide screening determines the scope for several TSPA models, and the abstraction provides input to the TSPA.

G. Ragan

2001-12-19

66

Inventory Abstraction  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the inventory abstraction as directed by the development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999b) is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 1999c, 1999d). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof, a set of radionuclides that should be modeled in the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (TSPA-FEIS). (3) Provide initial radionuclide inventories for the TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS models. (4) Answer the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)'s Issue Resolution Status Report ''Key Technical Issue: Container Life and Source Term'' (CLST IRSR) (NRC 1999) key technical issue (KTI): ''The rate at which radionuclides in SNF [Spent Nuclear Fuel] are released from the EBS [Engineered Barrier System] through the oxidation and dissolution of spent fuel'' (Subissue 3). The scope of the radionuclide screening analysis encompasses the period from 100 years to 10,000 years after the potential repository at Yucca Mountain is sealed for scenarios involving the breach of a waste package and subsequent degradation of the waste form as required for the TSPA-SR calculations. By extending the time period considered to one million years after repository closure, recommendations are made for the TSPA-FEIS. The waste forms included in the inventory abstraction are Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel (CSNF), DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel (DSNF), High-Level Waste (HLW), naval Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plutonium waste. The intended use of this analysis is in TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS. Based on the recommendations made here, models for release, transport, and possibly exposure will be developed for the isotopes that would be the highest contributors to the dose given a release to the accessible environment. The inventory abstraction is important in assessing system performance because radionuclide screening determines the scope for several TSPA models, and the abstraction provides input to the TSPA..

C. Leigh

2000-11-03

67

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a \\u000a Rationale: The serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is the most serious side effect of antidepressants, and pharmacologic treatment should be offered\\u000a in severe cases. Objective: In the present study, the effects of risperidone, ketanserin, and haloperidol on an animal model of the serotonin (5-HT)\\u000a syndrome were evaluated. Methods: Intraperitoneal administration of 100 mg\\/kg 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP) (a precursor of 5-HT) and 2 mg\\/kg clorgyline

Koichi Nisijima; Tatuki Yoshino; Takeo Ishiguro

2000-01-01

68

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale. Several antipsychotic drugs are metabolised by the polymorphic cytochrome P\\u000a \\u000a 450 CYP2D6. The impact of the polymorphism on the plasma levels and the occurrence of side effects have not been clearly established.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective. To investigate the impact of the CYP2D6 polymorphism on the steady-state plasma concentrations of zuclopenthixol and the\\u000a occurrence of extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and tardive dyskinesia

Peeter Jaanson; Toomas Marandi; Raul-Allan Kiivet; Veiko Vasar; Siiri Vään; Jan-Olof Svensson; Marja-Liisa Dahl

2002-01-01

69

The Effects of Student-Teacher Ratios on Student Performance in Special Education. Research & Resources on Special Education, Abstract 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research abstract is based on two studies: first, "Student and Instructional Outcomes under Varying Student-Teacher Ratios in Special Education" and, second, "A Case Study Analysis of Factors Related to Effective Student-Teacher Ratios", both by Martha L. Thurlow and others. The studies investigated the effects of various student-teacher…

Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.

70

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale. A1 and A2A adenosine receptors are co-localized with dopamine D1 and D2 receptors, respectively, and their stimulation attenuates dopaminergic functioning.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective. To test whether adenosine antagonists with different selectivities for A1 and A2A receptors mimic the discriminative-stimulus effects of dopamine releaser methamphetamine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods. Effects of the A1 antagonist DPCPX, the preferential A2A antagonist DMPX and the non-selective adenosine antagonist

Patrik Munzar; Zuzana Justinova; Scott W. Kutkat; Sergi Ferré; Steven R. Goldberg

2002-01-01

71

20 CFR 411.552 - What effect will the subsequent entitlement to title II benefits have on EN payments for title...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...their ticket? 411.552 Section 411.552 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Employment Network Payment Systems § 411.552 What effect will the subsequent...

2013-04-01

72

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The function of extraocular muscle proprioception in the control of eye movements remains uncertain. In this study, we examined\\u000a the effect of bilateral proprioceptive deafferentation of the extraocular muscles on eye movements in two rhesus monkeys.\\u000a Before and after deafferentation, we analyzed baseline ocular alignment, saccades, pursuit, and vestibular eye movements.\\u000a We also examined visually mediated adaptation of ocular

R. F. Lewis; D. S. Zee; M. R. Hayman; R. J. Tamargo

2001-01-01

73

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a \\u000a Rationale: There is increasing evidence that the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and the nitric oxide system are involved in opiate dependence in the adult rat, but whether these\\u000a results in the adult apply to the infant rat is unknown. Objectives: Here we examined the effects of NMDA receptor antagonists and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors, which reduce the opiate\\u000a abstinence

Hongbo Zhu; Gordon A. Barr

2000-01-01

74

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   \\u000a Objective: The present study investigated the effect of stimulating 5-HT1A receptors in the dorsal raphe on the impairment of spatial learning caused by intrahippocampal 7-chloro-kynurenic acid (7-Cl-Kyn)\\u000a in naive rats and in rats familiar with the general requirements of the task. Methods: A week after implantation of cannulae to give access to the dorsal raphe (DR) and the CA1

M. Carli; C. Balducci; R. Samanin

2001-01-01

75

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   A model of global hypoxia during Caesarean-section (C-section) birth has been widely used to study long-term effects of birth\\u000a hypoxia on central nervous system (CNS) function. However, the actual degree of CNS and systemic hypoxia produced by the birth\\u000a insult in this model has never been characterised. Additionally, the way in which the dam is anaesthetised during the C-section

Neil Berger; Cathy Vaillancourt; Patricia Boksa

2000-01-01

76

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   A number of studies have implicated the hippocampal formation in social-recognition memory in the rat. The present study\\u000a addressed this issue directly by assessing the effects of cytotoxic lesions confined to the hippocampus proper, encompassing\\u000a the four CA subfields and the dentate gyrus, on this behavioural task. Ibotenate-induced hippocampal lesions led to locomotor\\u000a hyperactivity and a marked spatial working-memory

D. M. Bannerman; M. Lemaire; S. Beggs; J. N. P. Rawlins; S. D. Iversen

2001-01-01

77

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a \\u000a Rationale: Bupropion is widely used in the treatment of depression and as an anti-craving medication for the cessation of tobacco smoking.\\u000a Because it is a very weak inhibitor of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) reuptake, its mechanisms of action remain to\\u000a be elucidated. Methods: Bupropion was administered subcutaneously via osmotic minipumps over 2 days to determine its effects on

Jianming Dong; Pierre Blier

2001-01-01

78

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   In a series of experiments, we examined the change in saccade trajectories observed when distractors are presented at non-target\\u000a locations. The primary aim of the experiments was to examine multisensory interaction effects between the visual, auditory\\u000a and somatosensory modalities in saccade generation. In each experiment observers made saccades to visual targets above and\\u000a below fixation in the presence of

Melanie C. Doyle; Robin Walker

2002-01-01

79

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This longitudinal analysis confirmed a non-monotonic pattern of postural control development in children from age 5 to 8 years\\u000a suggested by previous cross-sectional studies. Postural control was considered in terms of control strategy and its variability\\u000a operationalized by mean and standard deviation of center of pressure (COP) velocity; and of effectiveness and its variability\\u000a operationalized by mean and standard deviation

N. Kirshenbaum; C. L. Riach; J. L. Starkes

2001-01-01

80

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   \\u000a Rationale: Buprenorphine is a low-efficacy mu opioid agonist that can reduce drug taking in opioid abusers; however, the mechanism by which buprenorphine modifies the\\u000a actions of other drug taking and the consequences of repeated treatment with buprenorphine are not fully understood. Objective: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the time- and dose-dependence of discriminative stimulus effects in

Ruggero Galici; Michael R. Brandt; Charles P. France

2002-01-01

81

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   It has been noted that manual aiming error and variability when pointing to remembered targets increase as a function of\\u000a target eccentricity. In the present study we evaluated which one of three hypotheses (target localization, motor, or movement\\u000a duration) best explains this 'distance effect'. In experiment 1, older and younger participants aimed with their unseen hand\\u000a at the remembered location

Martin Lemay; Luc Proteau

2001-01-01

82

Effective Organization of Adolescent Health Services. Abstract, Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Adolescents are at high risk for preventable health problems. Some clinical preventive services are believed effective at promoting healthy behaviors. Surveys of providers are a cost effective way to obtain information about services to adolescents, but m...

J. D. Klein

1999-01-01

83

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The proinflammagen lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was infused chronically (37 days) into the basal forebrain of rats. The current\\u000a study determined whether the chronic administration of either a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate- (NMDA-) sensitive receptor antagonist, memantine, or a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2)\\/lipoxygenase inhibitor,\\u000a CI987, could provide significant neuroprotection from the cytotoxic effects of LPS-induced neuroinflammation. Chronic LPS\\u000a infusions decreased cortical choline acetyltransferase activity, which

L. B. Willard; B. Hauss-Wegrzyniak; W. Danysz; G. L. Wenk

2000-01-01

84

[Without Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The effects of repeated ingestion of grapefruit juice, an inhibitor of cytochrome P\\u000a \\u000a 450 3A4 (CYP3A4), on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of both single and multiple oral doses of alprazolam, a substrate\\u000a of CYP3A4, were examined. In study 1, eight healthy volunteers ingesting 600 ml\\/day water or grapefruit juice for 10 days\\u000a took a single oral 0.8-mg dose of alprazolam on

Norio Yasui; Tsuyoshi Kondo; Hanako Furukori; Sunao Kaneko; Tadashi Ohkubo; Tsukasa Uno; Takako Osanai; Kazunobu Sugawara; Koichi Otani

2000-01-01

85

Title: The Effect of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) on Pain Associated with Fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subjective pain intensity was the primary measured variable in a double-blind crossover study examining the effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on the pain associated with fibromyalgia. Initially, 39 patients were randomly allocated to CES and 35 patients were allocated to a sham group. Measurements taken at baseline and after three weeks included pain intensity, McGill Pain Score, tenderpoint score,

Randall C. Cork; Patrick Wood; Norbert Ming; James Eddy

86

Identification and Descriptions of the Momentum Effect in Studies of Learning: An Abstract Science Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies of the validity of the intensive time-series design have revealed a post-intervention increase in the level of achievement data (the "momentum effect"). Reports on the development and use of a technique to study the effect as it is observed in several data sets on the learning of plate tectonics. (Author/JN)

Kwon, Jae-Sool; Mayer, Victor J.

1985-01-01

87

Effect of Emissivity, Albedo and Solar Output on Atmospheric Temperature (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet enables students to explore the effect emissivity, albedo and solar output have on temperature throughout the atmosphere. It graphs altitude versus temperature. There are controls for adjusting atmospheric emissivity, planetary albedo, and the solar constant. Each axis can be displayed in logarithmic or linear form; the temperature can be displayed in Kelvin, Fahrenheit, or Celsius. The altitude runs from the planetary surface to 15 kilometers.

Ackerman, Steve; Whittaker, Tom

88

Title effect of steel fiber on explosive spalling of high performance concrete subjected to high temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to identify the effect of steel fiber on fire resistance of high performance concrete, an experimental investigation was conducted on explosive spalling and permeability of high performance steel-fiber concrete subjected to high temperature. Explosive spalling tests were conducted on control plain concrete and steel fiber concrete. Crack observations and permeability tests were conducted on the sawn surfaces. The results prove that steel fiber is efficient to avoid spalling concrete under high temperature. The permeability increases significantly after thermal exposure, while it also exhibits an ascending trend with the increase of moisture content.

Peng, Gai-Fei; Wang, Lin; Yang, Juan; Shi, Yun-Xing

2013-12-01

89

Effect of Excess Respiratory Resistance on Physical Performance and Cardiorespiratory Function (Abstract Only).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis was conducted on the effects of increased respiratory resistance on physical performance and cardiorespiratory function. The study involved 13 healthy males, 22 to 47 years old, subjected to an increasing physical load on an exercise bicycle a...

A. S. Barer I. S. Breslav G. G. Isayev Y. A. Sokol

1991-01-01

90

Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Aids Complications (CEPAC). Abstract, Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multiple options are now available for prophylaxis of AIDS-related opportunistic infections. The authors' goal was to determine the clinical impact, cost, and cost-effectiveness of strategies for preventing opportunistic infections in patients with advanc...

A. D. Paltiel D. E. Craven G. R. Seage K. A. Freedberg L. Sullivan M. C. Weinstein

1998-01-01

91

Meharry Medical Treatment Effectiveness Program. Abstract, Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Medical Treatment Effectiveness Program at Meharry Medical College was established in 1993, to examine the disparity in health outcomes between African Americans and whites. During its three-year tenure as a developmental Center, the Meharry MEDTEP un...

B. Nelson-Knuckles

1996-01-01

92

Effectiveness of an Individualized Computer-Driven Online Math K-5 Course in Eight California Title I Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stanford University's Education Program for Gifted Youth (EPGY) conducted a randomized-treatment experiment during the 2006-2007 school year to test the efficacy, for Title I students, of the technological and individualized EPGY Kindergarten through Grade 5 Mathematics Course Sequence, modified for the Title I schools. Restricting attention…

Suppes, Patrick; Holland, Paul W.; Hu, Yuanan; Vu, Minh-thien

2013-01-01

93

The Effects of Federal Parity on Substance Use Disorder Treatment Running title: Federal Parity  

PubMed Central

Objective: In 2008, the U.S. Congress enacted the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) requiring insurers equalize private insurance coverage for mental health and substance use disorder services with coverage for general medical services. Our objective was to examine the effects of the MHPAEA on substance use disorder treatment. Study design: We used a difference-in-differences design to compare changes in outcomes among plan enrollees in the years before and after implementation of federal parity (2009-2010) with changes in outcomes among a comparison group of enrollees previously covered by state substance use disorder parity laws. Methods: Insurance claims data from Aetna Inc. health plans in ten states with state parity laws were used to compare outcomes for plan enrollees in fully insured and self-insured health plans (N=298,339). Results: In the first year of implementation, we find that federal parity did not lead to changes in the proportion of enrollees using substance use disorder treatment. We did find a modest increase in spending on substance use disorder treatment per enrollee ($9.99, 95% CI: 2.54, 18.21), but no significant change in identification, treatment initiation or treatment engagement. Conclusions: Inclusion of substance use disorder services in the federal parity law did not result in substantial increases in health plan spending. It will be critical to study results for year 2 after regulations affecting the management of care (e.g., utilization review, network access) took effect.

Busch, Susan H.; Epstein, Andrew J.; Harhay, Michael O.; Fiellin, David A.; Un, Hyong; Leader, Deane; Barry, Colleen L.

2014-01-01

94

Identity-Specific Face Adaptation Effects: Evidence for Abstractive Face Representations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of selective adaptation on familiar face perception were examined. After prolonged exposure to photographs of a celebrity, participants saw a series of ambiguous morphs that were varying mixtures between the face of that person and a different celebrity. Participants judged fewer of the morphs to resemble the celebrity to which they…

Hole, Graham

2011-01-01

95

Effects of aircraft noise and sonic booms on domestic animals and wildlife: bibliographic abstracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the document is to provide an information base on the effects of aircraft noise and sonic booms on various animal species. Such information is necessary to assess potential impacts to wildlife populations from proposed military and other flight operations. To develop the document the National Ecology Research Center conducted a literature search of information pertaining to animal

D. N. Gladwin; K. M. Manci; R. Villella

1988-01-01

96

Advance Directives: Effectiveness or Mandatory Notice. Abstract, Executive Summary and Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite conflicting evidence about the impact of written advance directives, public policy and professional guidelines have promoted them, e.g., with the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA). The authors examined the effects of the PSDA and of an additio...

D. J. Lynn

1995-01-01

97

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Representing Numeric Information Through Abstract Graphics in 3D Desktop Virtual Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of bars to represent numeric values in desktop virtual environments that provide information in 3D through monocular depth cues is evaluated. Using empirical experiments we test hypotheses regarding the effectiveness of participants in judging the heights of different bar combinations in four different settings (static 2D and 3D desktop virtual environment with and without frames). The results show

Susanne Bleisch; Jason Dykes; Stephan Nebiker

2008-01-01

98

Teaching with Concrete and Abstract Visual Representations: Effects on Students' Problem Solving, Problem Representations, and Learning Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 3 experiments, we examined the effects of using concrete and/or abstract visual problem representations during instruction on students' problem-solving practice, near transfer, problem representations, and learning perceptions. In Experiments 1 and 2, novice students learned about electrical circuit analysis with an instructional program that…

Moreno, Roxana; Ozogul, Gamze; Reisslein, Martin

2011-01-01

99

Intrinsic noise and division cycle effects on an abstract biological oscillator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oscillatory dynamics are common in biological pathways, emerging from the coupling of positive and negative feedback loops. Due to the small numbers of molecules typically contained in cellular volumes, stochastic effects may play an important role in system behavior. Thus, for moderate noise strengths, stochasticity has been shown to enhance signal-to-noise ratios or even induce oscillations in a class of phenomena referred to as ``stochastic resonance'' and ``coherence resonance,'' respectively. Furthermore, the biological oscillators are subject to influences from the division cycle of the cell. In this paper we consider a biologically relevant oscillator and investigate the effect of intrinsic noise as well as division cycle which encompasses the processes of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division. We first construct a minimal reaction network which can oscillate in the presence of large or negligible timescale separation. We then derive corresponding deterministic and stochastic models and compare their dynamical behaviors with respect to (i) the extent of the parameter space where each model can exhibit oscillatory behavior and (ii) the oscillation characteristics, namely, the amplitude and the period. We further incorporate division cycle effects on both models and investigate the effect of growth rate on system behavior. Our results show that in the presence but not in the absence of large timescale separation, coherence resonance effects result in extending the oscillatory region and lowering the period for the stochastic model. When the division cycle is taken into account, the oscillatory region of the deterministic model is shown to extend or shrink for moderate or high growth rates, respectively. Further, under the influence of the division cycle, the stochastic model can oscillate for parameter sets for which the deterministic model does not. The division cycle is also found to be able to resonate with the oscillator, thereby enhancing oscillation robustness. The results of this study can give valuable insight into the complex interplay between oscillatory intracellular dynamics and various noise sources, stemming from gene expression, cell growth, and division.

Stamatakis, Michail; Mantzaris, Nikos V.

2010-09-01

100

Title:- Effects of Marine Cloud Brightening on Polar Regions and Meridional Heat Flux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Marine cloud brightening (MCB) is one of several proposed solar radiation management geoengineering schemes designed to enhance the albedo of marine stratocumulus clouds, with concomitant overall cooling, and the intention of averting some of the undesirable effects of climate change (Latham et al. 2008, 2012). Such changes include ice loss, desertification and increased sea levels. Polar sea ice fraction has been recorded by satellite data for the last 40 years. This data shows a general long term reduction in sea ice thickness and area and this reduction has been attributed to climate change. Changes in climate have been reported to be disproportionately larger in polar regions. The HadGEM1 (UK Met Office Climate Model, V6.1) is a fully coupled climate model. It is used to project changes in polar ice cover and temperatures as a result of increasing carbon dioxide and the deployment of MCB geoengineering. The meridional heat flux is the mechanism for moving energy from the tropics to the polar regions. The results show that for a comparison between a control (~ 2020 carbon dioxide concentrations) and a double pre-industrial carbon dioxide simulation, the maximum meridional heat flux is found to change from 5.8 PW to 6.1 PW. With three-region MCB seeding of marine stratocumulus, this is reduced to 5.7 PW. Application of a three region seeding scenario, results an increase insea ice cover to 0.20 million sq km above the initial values. ( Parkes et al. 2012 ) Latham J. et al (2008) Global temperature stabilization. Phil Trans Roy Soc A. doi 10.1098/rsta.2008.0137 Latham J et al (2012) Marine Cloud Brighetening. Phil Trans Ro Soc A. In press rsta 1012.0086

Gadian, A.; Parkes, B.; Latham, J.; Blyth, A.

2012-12-01

101

Toxicity bioassays: Water-pollution effects on aquatic animals and plants. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning toxicity bioassay studies of water pollution effects on reproduction, growth, and mortality of aquatic fauna and flora. Industrial and agricultural water pollutants such as heavy metals, chemicals, pesticides, and herbicides are evaluated and tested. Standard fish and algal assays are used to determine effects of potential toxicants. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-08-01

102

Mirage effect spectrometry and light profile microscopy: Two views of an optical depth profile (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photothermal depth profiling techniques are well adapted for the inspection of optically absorbing features on the length scale of 1-100 ?m in a variety of media. However, the depth profiling mechanism intrinsic to thermal wave imaging is inherently ill posed [J. F. Power, AIP Conf. Proc. 463, 3 (1999)], and suffers obvious disadvantages such as sensitivity to experimental errors (requiring regularization) and subsurface broadening of the regularized depth profiles. Recently, through the introduction of light profile microscopy (LPM) an alternate method of optical inspection was made available for depth profiling optically absorbing, scattering, and luminescent structures on this length scale [J. F. Power and S. W. Fu, Appl. Spectros. 53, 1507 (1999); J. F. Power and S. W. Fu, U.S. Patent Pending]. LPM inspects a thin film under test by directing a laser beam through the material along the depth axis, parallel to a polished cross-sectional viewing surface. Luminescence and elastic scatter excited in the beam volume is imaged by a microscope aligned orthogonal to the beam axis. The images obtained by this method showed striking depth contrast in a variety of materials with subsurface interfaces and depth variations of luminescence yield. When implemented in dual beam mode [J. F. Power and S. W. Fu, U.S. Patent Pending; J. F. Power and S. W. Fu, (unpublished)] with an associated mathematical method, LPM may be used to quantitatively resolve depth variable optical absorption from light scattering and luminescence efficiency. In contrast to photothermal methods, the LPM technique is well posed. LPM was evaluated in tandem with mirage effect spectrometry (in normal deflection mode with bicell detection) [J. F. Power, S. W. Fu, and M. A. Schweitzer, Appl. Spectros. 54, 110 (2000)], to determine the effective use of each technique in analysis problems on complex materials. This study used samples with known depth variations of optical properties including homogeneous absorber layers, and structures composed of thin laminate assemblies of photodegraded polymers which could be disassembled and independently studied using UV-visible spectrophotometry. LPM shows consistent high sensitivity to sharp interfaces and suffers no degradation of spatial resolution with depth, while photothermal depth profiling shows substantial resolution loss. However, photothermal depth profiling exhibits a number of complementary advantages. These include a substantially enhanced sensitivity for depth profiling optical absorption (over LPM), and insensitivity to isolated optical defects and moderate levels of light scattering. The photothermal depth profiling method also had superior spatial averaging properties, which presented a smoothed picture of profiles containing regions of spurious, enhanced absorption or scattering, to which LPM is sensitive. Currently, inversion techniques based on the generalized singular value decomposition are being considered to evaluate the joint information available from both optical and photothermal probes. A full discussion of the relevant instrumental and mathematical issues will be presented.

Power, J. F.; Fu, S. W.; Nepotchatykh, O. V.

2003-01-01

103

Soil salinity: Irrigation practices and effects on crops and ground water. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the effect of saline irrigation waters on crops and groundwater. The salt tolerance of crops, including beans, grains, and citrus fruits, is examined. The salinity of soils, groundwater, and surface water is discussed, and the sources of brackish waters are considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-03-01

104

Title XX Social Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pamphlet presents an overall view of title XX social services legislation (Title XX of the Social Security Act of 1974), describes the responsibilities of each State in preparing a Comprehensive Annual Services Program (CASP) Plan, and suggests ways ...

1981-01-01

105

4:2:2:4 Picture Quality, 3D Effects, SDI In\\/Out, and Title Animation — Plus Easy Operation and Outstanding Cost-Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the AG-MX70 digital A\\/V mixer, Panasonic has integrated a 2-BUS, 8-input video switcher, multi-functional digital video effects unit with high-end performance, and an audio mixer into a single compact unit. The AG-MX70 provides broadcast-grade 4:2:2:4 digital component picture quality. It features more than 600 effect patterns and a 30-frame graphics buffer for roll, crawl, and logo animation using title

V Mixer

106

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Processes  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS Processes for Improving Interpretive Performance TITLE: Measuring and Improving Radiologists’ Interpretative Performance on

107

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Posters  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS TITLE: The Monastery Center for Disease Prevention, Panagia Philanthropini AUTHOR: CS Anthony WORK AFFILIATION: Panagia Philanthropini

108

Webinar Training: an acceptable, feasible and effective approach for multi-site medical record abstraction: the BOWII experience  

PubMed Central

Background Abstractor training is a key element in creating valid and reliable data collection procedures. The choice between in-person vs. remote or simultaneous vs. sequential abstractor training has considerable consequences for time and resource utilization. We conducted a web-based (webinar) abstractor training session to standardize training across six individual Cancer Research Network (CRN) sites for a study of breast cancer treatment effects in older women (BOWII). The goals of this manuscript are to describe the training session, its participants and participants' evaluation of webinar technology for abstraction training. Findings A webinar was held for all six sites with the primary purpose of simultaneously training staff and ensuring consistent abstraction across sites. The training session involved sequential review of over 600 data elements outlined in the coding manual in conjunction with the display of data entry fields in the study's electronic data collection system. Post-training evaluation was conducted via Survey Monkey©. Inter-rater reliability measures for abstractors within each site were conducted three months after the commencement of data collection. Ten of the 16 people who participated in the training completed the online survey. Almost all (90%) of the 10 trainees had previous medical record abstraction experience and nearly two-thirds reported over 10 years of experience. Half of the respondents had previously participated in a webinar, among which three had participated in a webinar for training purposes. All rated the knowledge and information delivered through the webinar as useful and reported it adequately prepared them for data collection. Moreover, all participants would recommend this platform for multi-site abstraction training. Consistent with participant-reported training effectiveness, results of data collection inter-rater agreement within sites ranged from 89 to 98%, with a weighted average of 95% agreement across sites. Conclusions Conducting training via web-based technology was an acceptable and effective approach to standardizing medical record review across multiple sites for this group of experienced abstractors. Given the substantial time and cost savings achieved with the webinar, coupled with participants' positive evaluation of the training session, researchers should consider this instructional method as part of training efforts to ensure high quality data collection in multi-site studies.

2011-01-01

109

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Publications Bibliography Quarterly Abstract Bulletin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA Publications Bibliography is a quarterly abstract bulletin containing the abstracts, corporate source, subject, contract number and title indexes. The fourth issue of the year contains bibliographic citations with abstracts for the proceeding quarter ...

1987-01-01

110

Chernobyl nuclear accident: Effects on food. (Latest citations from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning studies and measurements of the radioactive contamination by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident of food and the food chain. The studies cover meat and dairy products, vegetables, fish, food chains, and radioactive contamination of agricultural farms and lands. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1993-09-01

111

Reading and Study Skills and Instruction: Secondary: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 15 titles deal with the following topics: (1) a hierarchy of purposes for reading assignments applied to secondary school social studies; (2) the effects of sentence combining practice on reading comprehension; (3) the effects of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

112

English Language Arts Skills and Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts in part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 27 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the effects of second language learning on achievement in English; (2) developmental aspects and effects of variables on prekindergarten, kindergarten, and…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

113

Improving Land Title Registration Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The land title recordation system, unique to the United States and Canada, maintains that title to land is registered with the government, and the government's determination of title is conclusive on all persons. However, title recordation is costly to co...

1979-01-01

114

TITLE: The effect of macronutrients on gastric volume responses and gastric emptying in humans - a magnetic resonance imaging study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foundation ( DFG). Parts of this work were presented in abstract form at the Digestive Disease Week 2005, Chicago. Parts of this study published in abstract form were mentioned in a review article. CONTACT INFORMATION: Oliver Goetze, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of

Oliver Goetze; Andreas Steingoetter; Dieter Menne; Ivo R. van der Voort; Monika A. Kwiatek; Peter Boesiger; Dominik Weishaupt; Miriam Thumshirn; Michael Fried; Werner Schwizer

2006-01-01

115

Electronic Lien and Titling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Specific improvements in the methods used by TxDOT, such as the Registration and Title System, have sped up issuance of titles in Texas by transfering the information electronically from workstations in county tax offices to TxDOT computer in Austin. Howe...

R. N. Reinhardt

1997-01-01

116

Abstracts and Abstracting in Knowledge Discovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents various levels of criteria for judging the quality of abstracts and abstracting. Requirements for abstracts to be read by humans are compared with requirements for those to be searched by computer. Concludes that the wide availability of complete text in electronic form does not reduce the value of abstracts for information retrieval.…

Pinto, Maria; Lancaster, F. W.

1999-01-01

117

Abstract Model Checking without Computing the Abstraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ion is a fundamental technique that enables the verification of large systems. In symbolic model checking, abstractions are defined by formulas that relate concrete and abstract variables. In predicate abstraction, the abstract variables are equivalent to some predicates over the concrete variables.

Tonetta, Stefano

118

Abstract Counterexamples for Non-disjunctive Abstractions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Counterexample-guided abstraction refinement (CEGAR) is an important method for tuning abstractions to properties to be verified. The method is commonly used, for example in selecting predicates for predicate abstraction. To date, however, it has been applied primarily to powerset abstractions, which allow one to speak of an abstract transition system and abstract states. Here, we describe a general framework for CEGAR in non-disjunctive abstractions by introducing a generalized notion of abstract counterexample, and methods for computing such counterexamples. We apply this framework to Indexed Predicate Abstraction (IPA), a promising technique for synthesizing quantified inductive invariants of infinite-state systems. In principle, it can be applied to other non-disjunctive abstractions occurring in program analysis.

McMillan, Kenneth L.; Zuck, Lenore D.

119

THE EFFECTS OF ABSTRACTION ON INTEGRATIVE AGREEMENTS: WHEN SEEING THE FOREST HELPS AVOID GETTING TANGLED IN THE TREES  

PubMed Central

The present research suggests that negotiators who represented negotiation issues more abstractly were more likely to reach integrative agreements. Specifically, participants who were prompted to directly think about their negotiation issues in a more abstract manner by generating general descriptions of the issues rather than more concretely about the negotiation issues by generating specific descriptions of the issues made more multi-issue offers and achieved higher joint gain from the negotiation. The role of abstraction in negotiation and conflict resolution is discussed.

Henderson, Marlone D.; Trope, Yaacov

2011-01-01

120

A comparative study of effect of new and old science curriculum on Chinese junior high school students’ abstract thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Teenagers’ abstract thinking ability test” was designed in accordance with the structure and performance of teenagers’ ability\\u000a to think abstractly. 138 Chinese junior high school students who learned New curriculum and old curriculum separately were\\u000a measured. A comparison between the two kinds of students shows that abstract thinking ability of the former is notably higher\\u000a than that of the latter.

Weiping Hu; Ming Chen

2008-01-01

121

2002 NASPSA Conference Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains abstracts from the 2002 conference of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity. The publication is divided into three sections: the preconference workshop, "Effective Teaching Methods in the Classroom;" symposia (motor development, motor learning and control, and sport psychology); and free…

Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2002

2002-01-01

122

New Features in the ADS Abstract Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-ADS Abstract Service provides a sophisticated search capability for the literature in Astronomy, Planetary Sciences, Physics/Geophysics, and Space Instrumentation. The ADS is funded by NASA and access to the ADS services is free to anybody world-wide without restrictions. It allows the user to search the literature by author, title, and abstract text.

Eichhorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Kurtz, Michael J.; Henneken, Edwin A.; Thompson, Donna M.; Murray, Stephen S.

2005-01-01

123

Asymmetries of prefrontal cortex in human episodic memory: effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation on learning abstract patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional neuroimaging suggests asymmetries of memory encoding and retrieval in the prefrontal lobes, but different hypotheses have been presented concerning the nature of prefrontal hemispheric specialization. We studied an associative memory task involving pairs of Kanji (Chinese) pictographs and unfamiliar abstract patterns. Subjects were ten Japanese adults fluent in Kanji, so only the abstract patterns represented novel material. During encoding,

Charles M. Epstein; Masaki Sekino; Kikuo Yamaguchi; Shinichiro Kamiya; Shoogo Ueno

2002-01-01

124

Language, Speech, and Communication Skills Training: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," March through December 1977 (Vol. 37 No. 9 through Vol. 38 No. 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles are concerned with a variety of topics related to the following: the teaching and learning of specific language skills, including vocationally oriented speech trials; bibliotherapy and counselor effectiveness; human…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

125

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 47 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the effect of source variation upon children's reactions to television commercials; (2) covert observation as a means of measuring the affective states of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

126

Remedial and Compensatory Reading Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the effects of phonemic segmentation and blending training on the word recognition performance of learning disabled readers; (2) a comparison of two remedial…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

127

Reading, Comprehension, and Memory Processes: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 23 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the effects on reading comprehension of a number of reader-related factors, including lookback during studying, oral versus silent reading modes, reading…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

128

Testing and Evaluation in Reading and Communication Skills: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 35 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) cloze procedure; (2) the monitoring and facilitation of reading growth; (3) the effect of immediate item feedback on the reliability and validity of verbal…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

129

Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the perceived effectiveness of written communication from central office administrators to building level administrators in a metropolitan school district, (2) upward communication in…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

130

Speech Communication Education and Classroom Interaction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1980 (Vol. 41 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 14 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the effects of student generated self-management objectives on the frequency of higher cognitive verb and noun usage in classroom interactions; (2) a logarithmic solution to the…

1980

131

Reading and Study Skills and Instruction: College and Adult: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The eight titles deal with the following topics: (1) the effect of medium of instruction on the listening comprehension and retention of community college speech students, (2) the relationship between reading ability and on-the-job…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

132

Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1985 (Vol. 46 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) effects of creative drama instruction on the story grammar knowledge of field-dependent and field-independent primary grade students; (2) a content assessment…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

133

Reading Achievement: Characteristics Associated with Success and Failure: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the effects of a six-months school entrance age difference on reading, mathematics, and language achievement in primary school children; (2) relationships…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

134

Reading Instruction: Remedial and Compensatory: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," August through December 1978 (Vol. 39 Nos. 2 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 15 titles deal with the following topics: remedial reading teacher attitudes, how parent training in behavior modification and transactional analysis affects remedial reading instruction, the effect of role change on the reading…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

135

Speech Communication and Communication Processes: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," March through June 1977 (Vol. 37 Nos. 9 through 12). Part Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: some effects of nonstandard English in counseling; the status of speech instruction in Iowa high schools; communications analyses of a university and a public…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

136

Heavy metals in drinking water: Standards, sources, and effects. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts data base). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning studies of heavy metal pollutants in drinking water and their effects on public health. Topics examine the toxicological effects of prolonged exposure incurred by ingestion of lead, copper, nickel, mercury, cadmium, manganese, and zinc. Quantification factors, federal and state regulations and standards, and laboratory animal studies are discussed. Goundwater contamination by landfill leachates, acid precipitation contributions to groundwater pollution, and corrosion by-products in residential plumbing and public water supply transport systems are included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1992-06-01

137

Title III Storm Signals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial problems, and even the survival, of developing institutions funded by Title III are reported. Issues include the HEW freeze on grant money and problems with student financial aid from the government. (LBH)

Holsendolph, Ernest

1978-01-01

138

Advance Organizers: Concret Versus Abstract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments examined the relative effects of concrete and abstract advance organizers on students' memory for subsequent prose. Results of the experiments are discussed in terms of the memorability, familiarity, and visualizability of concrete and abstract verbal materials. (JD)

Corkill, Alice J.; And Others

1988-01-01

139

Abstracts of 1989 Japan Solar Energy Society and Japan Wind Energy Association Joint Conference  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

These abstracts are the abstracts presented at the 1989 Joint Conference. Some abstracts in one session concerned global solar radiation, meteorological forecasting and solar radiation on a tilted surface, etc. under the title of solar radiation, others concerned various heat collecting devices, etc. under the the title of heat collectors, others concerned photosynthesis under the title of utilization of solar beams, others concerned a sol-air system, etc. under the title of heat pumps and others concerned solar cells under the title of solar beam power generation-basic. Another session presented papers concerning various systems utilizing solar heat under the title of system assessment, passive solar housing under the title of passive solar, windmills, etc. under the title of utilization of wind force, under the title of material, practical utilization of solar beam power generation under the title of solar beam power generation-application, and heat storage and heat transportation, etc. under the title of heat transportation and heat storage.

1989-12-01

140

ABSTRACTION OF DRIFT SEEPAGE  

SciTech Connect

Drift seepage refers to flow of liquid water into repository emplacement drifts, where it can potentially contribute to degradation of the engineered systems and release and transport of radionuclides within the drifts. Because of these important effects, seepage into emplacement drifts is listed as a ''principal factor for the postclosure safety case'' in the screening criteria for grading of data in Attachment 1 of AP-3.15Q, Rev. 2, ''Managing Technical Product Inputs''. Abstraction refers to distillation of the essential components of a process model into a form suitable for use in total-system performance assessment (TSPA). Thus, the purpose of this analysis/model is to put the information generated by the seepage process modeling in a form appropriate for use in the TSPA for the Site Recommendation. This report also supports the Unsaturated-Zone Flow and Transport Process Model Report. The scope of the work is discussed below. This analysis/model is governed by the ''Technical Work Plan for Unsaturated Zone Flow and Transport Process Model Report'' (CRWMS M&O 2000a). Details of this activity are in Addendum A of the technical work plan. The original Work Direction and Planning Document is included as Attachment 7 of Addendum A. Note that the Work Direction and Planning Document contains tasks identified for both Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) and Natural Environment Program Operations (NEPO). Only the PAO tasks are documented here. The planning for the NEPO activities is now in Addendum D of the same technical work plan and the work is documented in a separate report (CRWMS M&O 2000b). The Project has been reorganized since the document was written. The responsible organizations in the new structure are the Performance Assessment Department and the Unsaturated Zone Department, respectively. The work plan for the seepage abstraction calls for determining an appropriate abstraction methodology, determining uncertainties in seepage, and providing probability distributions of seepage. These are all discussed in detail in this report. In addition, the work plan calls for evaluation of effects of episodic flow and thermal-hydrologic-chemical alteration of hydrologic properties. As discussed in Section 5, these effects are not addressed in detail in this report because they can be argued to be insignificant. Effects of thermal-mechanical alteration of hydrologic properties are also not addressed in detail in this report because suitable process-model results are not available at this time. If these effects are found to be important, they should be included in the seepage abstraction in a future revision.

Michael L. Wilson

2001-02-08

141

The Concreteness Effect and the Bilingual Lexicon: The Impact of Visual Stimuli Attachment on Meaning Recall of Abstract L2 Words  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the Dual-Coding Theory (Paivio & Desrochers, 1980), words that are associated with rich visual imagery are more easily learned than abstract words due to what is termed the concreteness effect (Altarriba & Bauer, 2004; de Groot, 1992, de Groot et al., 1994; ter Doest & Semin, 2005). The present study examined the effects of attaching…

Farley, Andrew P.; Ramonda, Kris; Liu, Xun

2012-01-01

142

The Effectiveness of Education and Schooling Activities with Respect to Learning Styles on the Learning of Abstract and Tangible Concepts of Social Studies by Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research reviews the effects of education and schooling activities that are conducted with respect to different learning styles on the success of teaching abstract and tangible concepts of 6th Grade Social Studies, and researches whether the demographic variables (age, gender) of the students had any effect on this success levels. To do so, 2…

Seker, Mustafa

2013-01-01

143

Motorcycle safety, environmental effects, and performance studies. 1964-June, 1980 (a bibliography with abstracts). Report for 1964-June 1980  

SciTech Connect

The reports cited in this bibliography primarily are concerned with motorcycle safety and pollution. These studies cover safety equipment and education, visual and visibility factors, noise, fuel consumption, engine performance, air pollution, vehicle design, tire and brake characteristics, and illuminating systems. Testing programs are described for both machines and operators, underlining impact and anthropomorphic crash data. Training programs are noted for drivers. Particular attention is given to accident prevention, safety helmets, and protective clothing. (This updated bibliography contains 172 abstracts, 37 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Kenton, E.

1980-07-01

144

The Effects of Impulsivity, Sexual Arousability, and Abstract Intellectual Ability on Men's and Women's Go/No-Go Task Performance  

PubMed Central

While a number of studies have assessed the role of personality traits, situational variables, and drug use on sexual risk behaviors, fewer studies have employed experimental methods to examine cognitive processes that may underlie risky sexual decision making. This study used a go/no-go paradigm to examine how individual difference variables and sexual arousal influence discrimination learning and sexual and nonsexual decision making. A total of 28 men (M age = 20 years) and 25 women (M age = 19 years) completed self-report measures of impulsivity, abstract intellectual ability, and sexual excitation and inhibition and participated in a laboratory experiment. The experiment consisted of two go/no-go tasks with sexual stimuli and two tasks with neutral stimuli, preceded by either sexually arousing or sexually neutral stimulus presentations. Task performance was measured by totals of false alarms and misses. Individuals high in impulsivity and low in abstract intellectual ability committed more false alarms in conditions involving sexually arousing stimuli. Furthermore, higher sexual excitation scores were linked to more misses. These findings indicate that cognitive processes associated with decision making that occurs in the “heat of the moment” are influenced by a combination of situational and sexual and nonsexual individual difference variables.

Macapagal, Kathryn R.; Janssen, Erick; Fridberg, Daniel J.; Finn, Peter R.; Heiman, Julia R.

2011-01-01

145

Hydrogen abstraction from cyclic amines by the cumyloxyl and benzyloxyl radicals. The role of stereoelectronic effects and of substrate/radical hydrogen bonding.  

PubMed

A kinetic study on the hydrogen abstraction reactions from cyclic amines and diamines (pyrrolidines, piperidines, morpholines, and piperazines) by the cumyloxyl (CumO(•)) and benzyloxyl (BnO(•)) radicals was carried out. The reactions with CumO(•) were described in all cases as direct hydrogen abstractions. The differences in the hydrogen abstraction rate constant (k(H)) were explained in terms of the different number of abstractable hydrogen atoms, the operation of stereoelectronic effects, and, with the morpholines, on the basis of polar effects. Significantly higher k(H) values were measured for the reactions of the amines with BnO(•). This behavior was explained on the basis of a mechanism that proceeds through the rate-determining formation of a hydrogen bonded pre-reaction complex between the radical ?-C-H and the nitrogen lone pair followed by hydrogen abstraction within the complex. A decrease in k(H) was observed going from secondary to tertiary amines and, with tertiary amines, on increasing steric hindrance at nitrogen, pointing toward the important role of steric and electronic effects on pre-reaction complex formation. These results expand previous findings contributing to a detailed mechanistic description of the reactions of alkoxyl radicals with amines, showing that structural effects in both the substrate and the radical can play a dramatic role and providing new information on the role of substrate/radical interactions on these processes. PMID:22957655

Salamone, Michela; Martella, Roberto; Bietti, Massimo

2012-10-01

146

Model checking and abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a method for using abstraction to reduce the complexity of temporal-logic model checking. Using techniques similar to those involved in abstract interpretation, we construct an abstract model of a program without ever examining the corresponding unabstracted model. We show how this abstract model can be used to verify properties of the original program. We have implemented a system

Edmund M. Clarke; Orna Grumberg; David E. Long

1994-01-01

147

Abstraction mechanisms in CLU  

Microsoft Academic Search

CLU is a new programming language designed to support the use of abstractions in program construction. Work in programming methodology has led to the realization that three kinds of abstractions—procedural, control, and especially data abstractions—are useful in the programming process. Of these, only the procedural abstraction is supported well by conventional languages, through the procedure or subroutine. CLU provides, in

Barbara Liskov; Alan Snyder; Russell R. Atkinson; Craig Schaffert

1977-01-01

148

Heat pipe technology. A bibliography with abstracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This bibliography cites 55 publications on the theory, design, development, fabrication, and testing of heat pipes. Applications covered include solar, nuclear, and thermoelectric energy conversion. A book (in Russian) on low temperature heat pipes is included as well as abstracts when available. Indexes provided list authors, titles/keywords (permuted) and patents.

1978-01-01

149

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal)  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

Not Available

1990-05-01

150

Regulatory and technical reports (Abstract Index Journal)  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

Not Available

1989-11-01

151

Regulatory and technical reports (Abstract Index Journal)  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, international organization, and licensed facility.

Not Available

1990-03-01

152

Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal)  

SciTech Connect

This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

Not Available

1990-08-01

153

Retrieval of Concrete Words Involves More Contextual Information than Abstract Words: Multiple Components for the Concreteness Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study used the directed forgetting paradigm in implicit and explicit memory to investigate the concreteness effect. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded to explore the neural basis of this phenomenon. The behavioral results showed a clear concreteness effect in both implicit and explicit memory tests; participants responded…

Xiao, Xin; Zhao, Di; Zhang, Qin; Guo, Chun-yan

2012-01-01

154

The Effect of Direct Instruction in Listening on the Listening and Reading Comprehension of First Grade Children. Dissertation Abstract.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the effects of listening instruction on first graders' achievement and, specifically, to assess improvement in listening comprehension and determine the effect of listening instruction on achievement in reading comprehension are the purposes of this study. Six first grade classes were randomly assigned to three groups. A program of…

Thorn, Elizabeth A.

155

Analysis of Electromagnetic Wave Diffraction By a Semi-Infinite Strip Grating and Evaluation of End-Effects - Abstract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diffraction of electromagnetic wave by a semi-infinite strip grating is analyzed and end-effects contribution is investigated. In the formulation, the current induced on each strip is divided into periodic current on an infinite strip grating and the correction current induced by the truncation of the periodic structure. These currents are determined by solving a set of integral equations under the

M. Nishimoto; H. Ikuno

1999-01-01

156

Effect of Night Watches and Intermittent Sleep on State of Circadian Rhythms of Physiological Functions of Fishermen (Abstract Only).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of 3 groups of 6 fishermen with different watch schedules measured the effect of interrupted sleep and wakefulness on daily rhythms and adaptability of fishermen on a cruise. Group 1 slept through the night without interruption, groups 2 and 3 had...

V. A. Skrupskiy

1987-01-01

157

The Effects of the Concrete-Representational-Abstract Integration Strategy on the Ability of Students with Learning Disabilities to Multiply Linear Expressions within Area Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the effects of the Concrete-Representational-Abstract Integration strategy on the ability of secondary students with learning disabilities to multiply linear algebraic expressions embedded within contextualized area problems. A multiple-probe design across three participants was used. Results indicated that the integration of the…

Strickland, Tricia K.; Maccini, Paula

2013-01-01

158

Automatic Abstraction without Counterexamples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of automatic abstraction is presented that uses proofs of unsatisfiability derived from SAT-based bounded model check- ing as a guide to choosing an abstraction for unbounded model checking. Unlike earlier methods, this approach is not based on analysis of abstract counterexamples. The performance of this approach on benchmarks de- rived from microprocessor verification indicates that SAT solvers are

Kenneth L. Mcmillan; Nina Amla

2003-01-01

159

Model checking and abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a method for using abstraction to reduce the complexity of temporal logic model checking. The basis of this method is a way of constructing an abstract model of a program without ever examining the corresponding unabstracted model. We show how this abstract model can be used to verify properties of the original program. We have implemented a system

Edmund M. Clarke; Orna Grumberg; David E. Long

1992-01-01

160

Abstraction and Consolidation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The framework for this paper is a recently developed theory of abstraction in context. The paper reports on data collected from one student working on tasks concerned with absolute value functions. It examines the relationship between mathematical constructions and abstractions. It argues that an abstraction is a consolidated construction that can…

Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

2006-01-01

161

(abstract) A Polarimetric Model for Effects of Brine Infiltrated Snow Cover and Frost Flowers on Sea Ice Backscatter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A polarimetric scattering model is developed to study effects of snow cover and frost flowers with brine infiltration on thin sea ice. Leads containing thin sea ice in the Artic icepack are important to heat exchange with the atmosphere and salt flux into the upper ocean. Surface characteristics of thin sea ice in leads are dominated by the formation of frost flowers with high salinity. In many cases, the thin sea ice layer is covered by snow, which wicks up brine from sea ice due to capillary force. Snow and frost flowers have a significant impact on polarimetric signatures of thin ice, which needs to be studied for accessing the retrieval of geophysical parameters such as ice thickness. Frost flowers or snow layer is modeled with a heterogeneous mixture consisting of randomly oriented ellipsoids and brine infiltration in an air background. Ice crystals are characterized with three different axial lengths to depict the nonspherical shape. Under the covering multispecies medium, the columinar sea-ice layer is an inhomogeneous anisotropic medium composed of ellipsoidal brine inclusions preferentially oriented in the vertical direction in an ice background. The underlying medium is homogeneous sea water. This configuration is described with layered inhomogeneous media containing multiple species of scatterers. The species are allowed to have different size, shape, and permittivity. The strong permittivity fluctuation theory is extended to account for the multispecies in the derivation of effective permittivities with distributions of scatterer orientations characterized by Eulerian rotation angles. Polarimetric backscattering coefficients are obtained consistently with the same physical description used in the effective permittivity calculation. The mulitspecies model allows the inclusion of high-permittivity species to study effects of brine infiltrated snow cover and frost flowers on thin ice. The results suggest that the frost cover with a rough interface significantly increases the backscatter from thin saline ice and the polarimetric signature becomes closer to the isotropic characteristics. The snow cover also modifies polarimetric signatures of thin sea ice depending on the snow mixture and the interface condition.

Nghiem, S. V.; Kwok, R.; Yueh, S. H.

1995-01-01

162

Abstraction in mathematics.  

PubMed Central

Some current interpretations of abstraction in mathematical settings are examined from different perspectives, including history and learning. It is argued that abstraction is a complex concept and that it cannot be reduced to generalization or decontextualization only. In particular, the links between abstraction processes and the emergence of new objects are shown. The role that representations have in abstraction is discussed, taking into account both the historical and the educational perspectives. As languages play a major role in mathematics, some ideas from functional linguistics are applied to explain to what extent mathematical notations are to be considered abstract. Finally, abstraction is examined from the perspective of mathematics education, to show that the teaching ideas resulting from one-dimensional interpretations of abstraction have proved utterly unsuccessful.

Ferrari, Pier Luigi

2003-01-01

163

Evaluation Report: ESEA Title I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an evaluation report of ESEA Title I programs in St. Louis, Missouri which maintains that despite the decline in funds, St. Louis' Title I children held their own. In 1970, these students scored about two months higher on achievement tests than they had in 1966. The fact that Title I students are not losing ground is considered a…

Draper, Arthur G., Ed.

164

ADS Abstract Service Enhancements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astrophysics Data System is enhancing functionality and access to the Abstract Service in several areas. A new WAIS server running the freeWAIS search engine has been added to the existing HTTP and ANSA-based servers. Abstract coverage will be expanded to include more of the NASA ``RECON'' categories as well as abstracts obtained directly from astronomical journals. In addition, we are enhancing the service to include full journal articles in a suitable electronic format.

Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Eichhorn, G.; Kurtz, M. J.; Murray, S. S.

165

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Cervical Cancer Surveillance  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS TITLE: Correlation of Human Papillomavirus Infection with Natural History of ASCUS and LSIL AUTHORS: SH Hahn, HS Kim, WC Lee,

166

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Approaches to Evaluating  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS TITLE: Evaluating the UK Breast Screening Programme: Choice of Study Design and the Practical Realities of Evaluating Service Screening

167

IBSN Biennial Meeting - Ottawa 2006 - Abstracts - Colorectal Cancer Surveillance  

Cancer.gov

International Breast Cancer Screening Network (IBSN) Biennial Meeting Crowne Plaza Ottawa Ť May 10–11, 2006 ABSTRACTS TITLE: Colorectal Screening in France: Organization in 23 Pilot Programs AUTHORS: H Sancho-Garnier, R Ancelle-Park WORK AFFILIATION:

168

Kinetic isotope effect in hydrogen abstraction from 2-propanol by hydrogen and deuterium radicals. A pulse radiolysis Fourier transform electron spin resonance study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using FT-ESR coupled with pulse radiolysis the kinetics of hydrogen abstraction from 2-propanol by hydrogen and deuterium radicals were studied in aqueous solution. The rate constants were determined from the effective spin–spin relaxation times of the free induction decay of hydrogen or deuterium ESR lines by variation of the 2-propanol concentration. The rate constants kHH and kDH for H(D)+2-propanol-h8 and

J. Geimer; D. Beckert; A. Jenichen

1997-01-01

169

Abstract Data Type Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the foundations of an extension of pure type systems by abstract data types, hence the name of Abstract Data Type Systems. ADTS generalize inductive types as they are defined in the calculus of constructions, by providing definitions of functions by pattern matching on the one hand, and relations among constructors of the inductive type on

Jean-pierre Jouannaud; Mitsuhiro Okada

1997-01-01

170

Designing for Mathematical Abstraction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our focus is on the design of systems (pedagogical, technical, social) that encourage mathematical abstraction, a process we refer to as "designing for abstraction." In this paper, we draw on detailed design experiments from our research on children's understanding about chance and distribution to re-present this work as a case study in designing…

Pratt, Dave; Noss, Richard

2010-01-01

171

Meteorites: Compilation of Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the eighth in a series of reports reviewing Soviet meteoritic research. The report consists of abstracts of articles appearing in the Soviet journal, Meteoritika, no. 16, 1958. The abstracts are arranged in the order in which they appear in...

1964-01-01

172

Abstract Datatypes in PVS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PVS (Prototype Verification System) is a general-purpose environment for developing specifications and proofs. This document deals primarily with the abstract datatype mechanism in PVS which generates theories containing axioms and definitions for a class of recursive datatypes. The concepts underlying the abstract datatype mechanism are illustrated using ordered binary trees as an example. Binary trees are described by a PVS abstract datatype that is parametric in its value type. The type of ordered binary trees is then presented as a subtype of binary trees where the ordering relation is also taken as a parameter. We define the operations of inserting an element into, and searching for an element in an ordered binary tree; the bulk of the report is devoted to PVS proofs of some useful properties of these operations. These proofs illustrate various approaches to proving properties of abstract datatype operations. They also describe the built-in capabilities of the PVS proof checker for simplifying abstract datatype expressions.

Owre, Sam; Shankar, Natarajan

1997-01-01

173

Dear Editor(s) published article your Journal. your journal IIS? Journal Name: International Journal Engineering Business Enterprise Applications (Ojibwa) Manuscript Title: Study effect cognitive aspect social capital recognizing entrepreneurial opportunities small medium companies Author Name: proof. Mahomet Roza Hamidizadeh  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Dear Editor(s) published article your Journal. your journal IIS? Journal Name: International Journal Engineering Business Enterprise Applications (Ojibwa) Manuscript Title: Study effect cognitive aspect social capital recognizing entrepreneurial opportunities small medium companies Author Name: proof. Mahomet Roza Hamidizadeh ?

174

Research Abstracts of 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These abstracts are a synopsis of research reported inn 1982 by the scientific staff of the Naval Dental Research Institute and collaborators at other research activities. Research topics include: Longevity of Amalgam Restorations - A Retrospective View; ...

1982-01-01

175

Abstracts of SIG Sessions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents abstracts of 36 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Highlights include the Chemistry Online Retrieval Experiment; organizing and retrieving images; intelligent information retrieval using natural language processing; interdisciplinarity; libraries as publishers; indexing hypermedia; cognitive aspects of classification; computer-aided…

Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1991

1991-01-01

176

Research Abstracts of 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These abstracts are a synopsis of research reported in 1978 at various scientific meetings by the scientific staff of the Naval Dental Research Institute and collaborators from other research activities. (Author)

1978-01-01

177

Abstracts of SIG Sessions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents abstracts of 34 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Highlights include humanities scholars and electronic texts; information retrieval and indexing systems design; automated indexing; domain analysis; query expansion in document retrieval systems; thesauri; business intelligence; Americans with Disabilities Act; management;…

Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1993

1993-01-01

178

1971 Annual Conference Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are 112 abstracts listed under headings such as: acoustics, continuing engineering studies, educational research and methods, engineering design, libraries, liberal studies, and materials. Other areas include agricultural, electrical, mechanical, mineral, and ocean engineering. (TS)

Journal of Engineering Education, 1971

1971-01-01

179

Paradigms for Abstracting Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of abstracting systems focuses on the paradigm concept and identifies and explains four paradigms: communicational, or information theory; physical, including information retrieval; cognitive, including information processing and artificial intelligence; and systemic, including quality management. Emphasizes multidimensionality and…

Pinto, Maria; Galvez, Carmen

1999-01-01

180

The trend toward more attractive and informative titles: American Psychologist 1946-2010.  

PubMed

Titles of journal articles serve to attract attention and inform potential readers. All titles from 65 volumes of American Psychologist (1946-2010, N = 12,313 titles) were studied in terms of their emotionality, style, and contents. Several trends noted for titles in different kinds of journals from psychology and other disciplines were present in American Psychologist (increasing title length, increasing use of punctuation marks, increasing employment of words with pleasant and arousing connotations, variations in the frequency of different content words). Longer titles allow authors to specify more information, and emotionally upbeat titles are more likely to attract reader attention. In an unexpected quadratic trend, titles became more abstract and the number of titles increased until about 1985, after which the trend was reversed and titles became more concrete as their numbers decreased. Predictors of this trend include societal variables and the journal's editorial policies. PMID:22662397

Whissell, Cynthia

2012-04-01

181

Abstraction of Drift Seepage  

SciTech Connect

This model report documents the abstraction of drift seepage, conducted to provide seepage-relevant parameters and their probability distributions for use in Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). Drift seepage refers to the flow of liquid water into waste emplacement drifts. Water that seeps into drifts may contact waste packages and potentially mobilize radionuclides, and may result in advective transport of radionuclides through breached waste packages [''Risk Information to Support Prioritization of Performance Assessment Models'' (BSC 2003 [DIRS 168796], Section 3.3.2)]. The unsaturated rock layers overlying and hosting the repository form a natural barrier that reduces the amount of water entering emplacement drifts by natural subsurface processes. For example, drift seepage is limited by the capillary barrier forming at the drift crown, which decreases or even eliminates water flow from the unsaturated fractured rock into the drift. During the first few hundred years after waste emplacement, when above-boiling rock temperatures will develop as a result of heat generated by the decay of the radioactive waste, vaporization of percolation water is an additional factor limiting seepage. Estimating the effectiveness of these natural barrier capabilities and predicting the amount of seepage into drifts is an important aspect of assessing the performance of the repository. The TSPA-LA therefore includes a seepage component that calculates the amount of seepage into drifts [''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504], Section 6.3.3.1)]. The TSPA-LA calculation is performed with a probabilistic approach that accounts for the spatial and temporal variability and inherent uncertainty of seepage-relevant properties and processes. Results are used for subsequent TSPA-LA components that may handle, for example, waste package corrosion or radionuclide transport.

J.T. Birkholzer

2004-11-01

182

What makes a good title?  

PubMed

The chances are the first thing you when you set out to write an article is the title. But what factors transform a mediocre title into a good title? Firstly, it should be both informative and specific, using words or phrases likely to be used when searching for information, for example 'nurse education' rather than simply 'nurse'. Secondly, it should be concise yet convey the main ideas clearly; articles with short titles reporting study findings have been found to attract higher numbers of viewing and citations. Thirdly, provide details of the study design to assist the reader in making an informed choice about the type of project your article is reporting. In taking these small steps when developing your title, your title can present a more concise, retrievable and clear articulation of your article. PMID:24251888

Grant, Maria J

2013-12-01

183

Abstracting and indexing guide  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These instructions have been prepared for those who abstract and index scientific and technical documents for the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC). With the recent publication growth in all fields, information centers have undertaken the task of keeping the various scientific communities aware of current and past developments. An abstract with carefully selected index terms offers the user of WRSIC services a more rapid means for deciding whether a document is pertinent to his needs and professional interests, thus saving him the time necessary to scan the complete work. These means also provide WRSIC with a document representation or surrogate which is more easily stored and manipulated to produce various services. Authors are asked to accept the responsibility for preparing abstracts of their own papers to facilitate quick evaluation, announcement, and dissemination to the scientific community.

U.S. Department of the Interior; Office of Water Resources Research

1974-01-01

184

State of Competition in Gasoline Marketing. Part I. The Effects of Refiner Operations at Retail (A Study Required by Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of its overall approach to the Title III Study, the Office of Competition conducted several regional hearings. A list of witnesses and hearing locations is attached. These hearings focused on four major issues: (1) the extent of subsidization, inc...

J. B. Delaney R. N. Fenili

1979-01-01

185

Leadership Abstracts, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is volume 14 of Leadership Abstracts, a newsletter published by the League for Innovation (California). Issue 1 of February 2001, "Developmental Education: A Policy Primer," discusses developmental programs in the community college. According to the article, community college trustees and presidents would serve their constituents well by…

Wilson, Cynthia, Ed.

2001-01-01

186

Education Abstracts - Burma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of Burmese newspaper and periodical accounts published from January through April 1968, offering information on primary and secondary education, higher education, and the history of Burmese higher education are reproduced in this 114-item bibliography with abstracts. The section covering primary and secondary education offers excerpts…

Ba, U, Comp.

187

Education Abstracts-Burma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reproduced in this 129-item bibliography with abstracts are summaries of accounts taken primarily from "Working People's Daily" and "Guardian," published in Rangoon from May through August 1968 and offering information on (1) general, primary, secondary, and higher education, (2) miscellaneous educational considerations, (3) relevant editorials…

Ba, U. Comp.

188

Abstract approach to music.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this article we have outlined a formal framework for an abstract approach to music and music composition. The model is formulated in terms of objects that have attributes, obey relationships, and are subject to certain well-defined operations. The moti...

H. G. Kaper, S. Tipei

1999-01-01

189

Abstraction and art.  

PubMed Central

In a given social context, artistic creation comprises a set of processes, which relate to the activity of the artist and the activity of the spectator. Through these processes we see and understand that the world is vaster than it is said to be. Artistic processes are mediated experiences that open up the world. A successful work of art expresses a reality beyond actual reality: it suggests an unknown world using the means and the signs of the known world. Artistic practices incorporate the means of creation developed by science and technology and change forms as they change. Artists and the public follow different processes of abstraction at different levels, in the definition of the means of creation, of representation and of perception of a work of art. This paper examines how the processes of abstraction are used within the framework of the visual arts and abstract painting, which appeared during a period of growing importance for the processes of abstraction in science and technology, at the beginning of the twentieth century. The development of digital platforms and new man-machine interfaces allow multimedia creations. This is performed under the constraint of phases of multidisciplinary conceptualization using generic representation languages, which tend to abolish traditional frontiers between the arts: visual arts, drama, dance and music.

Gortais, Bernard

2003-01-01

190

Making the Abstract Concrete  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Ronald Reagan nominated a woman to serve on the United States Supreme Court. He did so through a single-page form letter, completed in part by hand and in part by typewriter, announcing Sandra Day O'Connor as his nominee. While the document serves as evidence of a historic event, it is also a tangible illustration of abstract concepts…

Potter, Lee Ann

2005-01-01

191

Reasoning abstractly about resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

r describes a way to schedule high level activities before distributing them across multiple rovers in order to coordinate the resultant use of shared resources regardless of how each rover decides how to perform its activities. We present an algorithm for summarizing the metric resource requirements of an abstract activity based n the resource usages of its potential refinements.

Clement, B.; Barrett, A.

2001-01-01

192

Abstracts of SIG Sessions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes abstracts of 18 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Highlights include natural language processing, information science and terminology science, classification, knowledge-intensive information systems, information value and ownership issues, economics and theories of information science, information retrieval interfaces, fuzzy thinking…

Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1994

1994-01-01

193

Abstracts of SIG Sessions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents abstracts of 15 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Topics include navigation and information utilization in the Internet, natural language processing, automatic indexing, image indexing, classification, users' models of database searching, online public access catalogs, education for information professions, information services,…

Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1995

1995-01-01

194

Seismic Consequence Abstraction  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this model report is to develop abstractions for the response of engineered barrier system (EBS) components to seismic hazards at a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and to define the methodology for using these abstractions in a seismic scenario class for the Total System Performance Assessment - License Application (TSPA-LA). A secondary purpose of this model report is to provide information for criticality studies related to seismic hazards. The seismic hazards addressed herein are vibratory ground motion, fault displacement, and rockfall due to ground motion. The EBS components are the drip shield, the waste package, and the fuel cladding. The requirements for development of the abstractions and the associated algorithms for the seismic scenario class are defined in ''Technical Work Plan For: Regulatory Integration Modeling of Drift Degradation, Waste Package and Drip Shield Vibratory Motion and Seismic Consequences'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171520]). The development of these abstractions will provide a more complete representation of flow into and transport from the EBS under disruptive events. The results from this development will also address portions of integrated subissue ENG2, Mechanical Disruption of Engineered Barriers, including the acceptance criteria for this subissue defined in Section 2.2.1.3.2.3 of the ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274]).

M. Gross

2004-10-25

195

Has Title I Done Its Job?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title I may have fallen short of its lofty goals, but it is an effective basic skills program for underachieving students. Its successes depend on requirements that the program supplement the regular learning program, evaluate pupil progress, be coordinated with other school activities, and involve parents. (Author/JM)

Stickney, Benjamin D.; Plunkett, Virginia R. L.

1982-01-01

196

Chernobyl nuclear accident: effects on foods. April 1986-October 1988 (Citations from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts data base). Report for April 1986-October 1988  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning studies and measurements of the radioactive contamination of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident of food and food chains. The studies cover meat and dairy products, vegetables, fish, food chains, and radioactive contamination of agricultural farms and lands. (Contains 65 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

Not Available

1988-11-01

197

Visualizing Abstract Data on Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effective visual exploration of large and complexly structured, abstract data requires sophisticated and interactive visualization techniques. Development of these techniques is the major discipline in information visualization. On the other hand, visualization of geospatial data is an important topic in cartography. The necessity to combine expertise from both fields has long been commonly recognized. In this paper, some considerations

Georg Fuchs; Heidrun Schumann

2004-01-01

198

A Theory of Abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

ion Mappings. In Proc. 10th IJCAIconference, pages 1011--1014. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1987.[Ten88] J.D. Tenenberg. Abstraction in Planning. PhD thesis, Computer Science Department, Universityof Rochster, 1988. Also TR 250.[TW90] C. Talcott and R.W. Weyhrauch. Towards a theory of mechanizable theories: 1. fol contextsthe extensional view. In L. Carlucci Aiello, editor, proc. 9th ECAI, pages 634--639, 1990.[UR89] A. Unruh

Fausto Giunchiglia; Toby Walsh

1992-01-01

199

How Federal Education Policy Can Reverse the Widget Effect: Transforming ESEA Title II to Improve Teacher Effectiveness and Student Outcomes. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 2009, The New Teacher Project's study, "The Widget Effect: Our National Failure to Acknowledge and Act on Differences in Teacher Effectiveness", drew national attention to the issue of ineffective teacher evaluation systems. The study documents how teacher evaluation systems ignore variations in performance, giving virtually all teachers…

New Teacher Project, 2010

2010-01-01

200

Expanded Citations Database in the NASA ADS Abstract Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-ADS Abstract Service provides a sophisticated search capability for the literature in Astronomy, Planetary Sciences, Physics/Geophysics, and Space Instrumentation. The ADS is funded by NASA and access to the ADS services is free to anybody worldwide without restrictions. It allows the user to search the literature by author, title, and abstract text.

Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Henneken, E. A.; Murray, S. S.

2003-01-01

201

EBS Radionuclide Transport Abstraction  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to develop and analyze the engineered barrier system (EBS) radionuclide transport abstraction model, consistent with Level I and Level II model validation, as identified in ''Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport: Engineered Barrier System: Radionuclide Transport Abstraction Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173617]). The EBS radionuclide transport abstraction (or EBS RT Abstraction) is the conceptual model used in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA) to determine the rate of radionuclide releases from the EBS to the unsaturated zone (UZ). The EBS RT Abstraction conceptual model consists of two main components: a flow model and a transport model. Both models are developed mathematically from first principles in order to show explicitly what assumptions, simplifications, and approximations are incorporated into the models used in the TSPA-LA. The flow model defines the pathways for water flow in the EBS and specifies how the flow rate is computed in each pathway. Input to this model includes the seepage flux into a drift. The seepage flux is potentially split by the drip shield, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the drip shield and some passing through breaches in the drip shield that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. The flux through drip shield breaches is potentially split by the waste package, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the waste package and some passing through waste package breaches that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. Neither the drip shield nor the waste package survives an igneous intrusion, so the flux splitting submodel is not used in the igneous scenario class. The flow model is validated in an independent model validation technical review. The drip shield and waste package flux splitting algorithms are developed and validated using experimental data. The transport model considers advective transport and diffusive transport from a breached waste package. Advective transport occurs when radionuclides that are dissolved or sorbed onto colloids (or both) are carried from the waste package by the portion of the seepage flux that passes through waste package breaches. Diffusive transport occurs as a result of a gradient in radionuclide concentration and may take place while advective transport is also occurring, as well as when no advective transport is occurring. Diffusive transport is addressed in detail because it is the sole means of transport when there is no flow through a waste package, which may dominate during the regulatory compliance period in the nominal and seismic scenarios. The advective transport rate, when it occurs, is generally greater than the diffusive transport rate. Colloid-facilitated advective and diffusive transport is also modeled and is presented in detail in Appendix B of this report.

J.D. Schreiber

2005-08-25

202

Modulation of the second-order nonlinear optical properties of the two-dimensional pincer Ru(II) complexes: substituent effect and proton abstraction switch.  

PubMed

The static second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties on a series of the two-dimensional (2D) pincer Ru(II) complexes with the substituted Tpy and H(2)SCS tridentate ligands (Tpy = 2,2':6',2?-terpyridyl and H(2)SCS = 2,6-bis(benzylaminothiocarbonyl)phenyl) have been investigated by density functional theory (DFT). Introducing different donor/acceptor substituents to two ligands has an influence on the static first hyperpolarizabilities (?(tot)) of the 2D systems. Compared to the reference system 1 [Ru(H(2)SCS)(Tpy)](+), introducing the branches with strong electron acceptor group (p-NO(2)-phenylethynyl) to the Tpy ligand or the branches with strong electron donor group (p-NH(2)-phenylethynyl) to the H(2)SCS ligand can effectively improve the ?(tot) values. Time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations indicate that the enhanced ?(tot) values of the substituted systems are dominated by the intraligand charge transfer (ILCT), metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) transitions. Furthermore, the proton abstraction plays an important role in tuning the second-order NLO response. Particularly, for system 5 bearing the branches with NO(2) groups on H(2)SCS ligand, there is a dramatic enhancement in the ?(tot) values for its deprotonated forms. The ?(tot) values of the monodeprotonated system 5-H and the dideprotonated system 5-2H (58.712 × 10(-30) and 761.803 × 10(-30) esu) are about 7.58 times and 36.4 times larger than their diprotonated system 5, respectively. The second-order NLO responses based on substituent effect and proton abstraction switch are two-dimensional in characteristic with the large off-diagonal tensor values. PMID:23050877

Wang, Cun-Huan; Ma, Na Na; Sun, Xiu-Xin; Sun, Shi-Ling; Qiu, Yong-Qing; Liu, Peng-Jun

2012-11-01

203

Title I Selection Methods and the Coverage of Disadvantaged Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the effects of school and student selection procedures in Title I programs on the proportion of various student groups which have access to Title I services. The role of funding was also considered. Results of the study are discussed. (Author/MH)

Hennessy, Michael; And Others

1980-01-01

204

Maintaining Parent Interest in Title I Parent Advisory Councils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reasons for the lack of parent interest in Title I Parent Advisory Councils (PAC). There are too many officials charged with implementing Title I who do not want to be bothered with an effective PAC. In addition, many officials do not seriously consider the experiences parents bring to their membership and do not have the…

Mizell, M. Hayes

205

20 CFR 408.930 - Are title II and title XVI benefits subject to adjustment to recover title VIII overpayments?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Are title II and title XVI benefits subject to...ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Underpayments and Overpayments Adjustment of Title II Benefits § 408.930 Are...

2013-04-01

206

Modelling the effect of rainfall variability, land use change and increased reservoir abstraction on surface water resources in semi-arid southern Zimbabwe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The semi-arid areas of Zimbabwe receive low and erratic rainfall such that communities living and farming in these areas do not obtain adequate yields in most years forcing them to rely on surface and ground water resources during the dry season and dry years. Such water, which is a buffer during dry seasons and dry years should be managed appropriately. However, appropriate management of the limited water resources in such areas is hindered by inadequate knowledge of the changes in water resources due to rainfall, runin, evaporation, seepage and productive water use. Mutangi (5.7 km 2) and Romwe (4.7 km 2) micro-catchments that are in semi-arid Southern Zimbabwe were instrumented to enable measurements of all components of hydrology including rainfall, streamflow, dam water level, soil moisture and groundwater levels in the 1999/00 and 2000/01 season. Validation of the Agricultural Research Unit (ACRU) simulation model against field data revealed that ACRU adequately simulated measured streamflow, soil moisture and dam water storage changes. The model showed that removing all the remnant woodland and leaving all the cropped land fallow did not have a significant ( P < 0.01) effect on both catchment streamflow and dam water level over the 27 year simulation period. However, planting trees over the whole catchment resulted in a significant decrease in streamflow by 51%. Construction of tied ridges significantly ( P < 0.05) decreased streamflow from the catchment by 19%. Water abstraction from the dam could be increased 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10-fold without the dam drying to unacceptable levels (10% of dam capacity) except for 7%, 7%, 11%, 22% and 30% of the 27 simulation years (1972-1999) respectively. This demonstrates that currently small dams are not adequately utilized and vegetable yields and income could be increased by increased surface water abstraction.

Mugabe, F. T.; Chitata, T.; Kashaigili, J.; Chagonda, I.

207

32 CFR 644.68 - Title Clearance-Certificate of Title and Title Insurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...indicates that the acquisition of the land or interest therein by purchase...it will be placed with the title assembly. If the original curative instruments...extent of the lien, if any, on the land, of such taxes, assessments...

2013-07-01

208

Abstracts of Research Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Accuracy in linear dimensions of elastic impression materials used for partial denture impressions; Antiseptic properties of endodontic irrigating solutions; Autogenous osseodental transplantation procedure; Clasp design and its effect on retent...

1966-01-01

209

State of competition in gasoline marketing. The effects of refiner operation at retail (a study required by Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act)  

SciTech Connect

Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act requires the Secretary of Energy to report to the Congress on the extent to which producers, refiners, and other suppliers of motor fuel subsidize the sale of such fuel at retail or wholesale with profits obtained from other operations. This is Part I of the report required under that Title. It addresses a number of questions relating to the central issue - the state of competition in the gasoline marketing industry. Part II of the report, to be issued this fall, will discuss the subpoenaed documents of nine integrated companies, and will contain recommendations for action, if deemed necessary. The basic thrust of Part I is an examination of three issues: (1) Are integrated refiners subsidizing their company operated gasoline retail outlets; (2) Are integrated refiners moving gasoline away from their branded dealer network into their own retail outlets; and (3) Are integrated refiners manipulating the allocation system in favor of their own retail outlets to the detriment of other gasoline marketers. At a series of regional hearings, independent marketers charged that integrated refiners were engaging in each of these practices. In essence, integrated refiners were portrayed as using unfair or illegal competitive practices which would ultimately lead to their domination of retail gasoline markets. This report addresses each allegation, after providing a historical and theoretical framework for today's debate.

Delaney, J.B.; Fenili, R.N.

1980-05-01

210

Crude Oil Emulsions. Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On the occasion of this colloquium six lectures were held on the above-mentioned topic. These lectures dealt with composition, structure and transport behaviour of oil/water and water/oil emulsions, especially with the influence and effect of demulsifiers...

1988-01-01

211

Title IX and Women's Sports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last Sunday's Women's World Cup Final between China and the US and the unprecedented excitement surrounding it have been portrayed by many as a turning point in women's sports. While the performance of the US team may not have been as critical to the future possibility of a US professional women's soccer league as some claim, their win is certainly a major success story for Title IX. Passed in 1972, Title IX states that, "no person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal aid." While Title IX's application to athletics has gathered the most attention, it has also contributed to major increases in women's enrollment in undergraduate and graduate schools. The key element in regard to athletics is financial proportionality; school athletic aid must now be substantially proportionate to the ratio of male and female athletes. Disparities still remain, of course, especially in salaries for coaches of men's and women's sports, but the number of women participating in and the budgets for women's teams are significantly higher now than before Title IX and, by most accounts, will continue to grow. While almost all of the players on the US team have completed their undergraduate education, several will be returning to campuses this fall for graduate school or, in an example of Title IX turning full circle, as assistant coaches. The sites listed provide information about women's sports today.

De Nie, Michael W.

212

Writing a Structured Abstract for the Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's suggestions on how to improve thesis abstracts. The author describes two books on writing abstracts: (1) "Creating Effective Conference Abstracts and Posters in Biomedicine: 500 tips for Success" (Fraser, Fuller & Hutber, 2009), a compendium of clear advice--a must book to have in one's hand as one prepares a…

Hartley, James

2010-01-01

213

Abstraction of Seepage into Drifts  

SciTech Connect

The abstraction model used for seepage into emplacement drifts in recent TSPA simulations has been presented. This model contributes to the calculation of the quantity of water that might contact waste if it is emplaced at Yucca Mountain. Other important components of that calculation not discussed here include models for climate, infiltration, unsaturated-zone flow, and thermohydrology; drip-shield and waste-package degradation; and flow around and through the drip shield and waste package. The seepage abstraction model is stochastic because predictions of seepage are necessarily quite uncertain. The model provides uncertainty distributions for seepage fraction fraction of waste-package locations flow rate as functions of percolation flux. In addition, effects of intermediate-scale flow with seepage and seep channeling are included by means of a flow-focusing factor, which is also represented by an uncertainty distribution.

WILSON,MICHAEL L.; HO,CLIFFORD K.

2000-10-16

214

Comparison of Adherence to Chlamydia Screening Guidelines Among Title X Providers and Non-Title X Providers in the California Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment Program  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Annual chlamydia screening is recommended for adolescent and young adult females and targeted screening is recommended for women ?26 years based on risk. Although screening levels have increased over time, adherence to these guidelines varies, with high levels of adherence among Title X family planning providers. However, previous studies of provider variation in screening rates have not adjusted for differences in clinic and client population characteristics. Methods Administrative claims from the California Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment (Family PACT) program were used to (1) examine clinic and client sociodemographic characteristics by provider group—Title X-funded public sector, non-Title X public sector, and private sector providers, and (2) estimate age-specific screening and differences in rates by provider group during 2009. Results Among 833 providers, Title X providers were more likely than non-Title X public sector providers and private sector providers to serve a higher client volume, a higher proportion of clients aged ?25 years, and a higher proportion of African American clients. Non-Title X public providers were more likely to be located in rural areas, compared with Title X grantees and private sector providers. Title X providers had the largest absolute difference in screening rates for young females vs. older females (10.9%). Unadjusted screening rates for young clients were lower among non-Title X public sector providers (54%) compared with private sector and Title X providers (64% each). After controlling for provider group, urban location, client volume, and percent African American, private sector providers had higher screening rates than Title X and non-Title X public providers. Conclusions Screening rates for females were higher among private providers compared with Title X and non-Title X public providers. However, only Title X providers were more likely to adhere to screening guidelines through high screening rates for young females and low screening rates for older females.

Thiel de Bocanegra, Heike; Hulett, Denis; Park, Hye-Youn; Darney, Philip

2012-01-01

215

ITER neutralizer modeling (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the neutralizer of the ITER Neutral Beam Injector, a 1 MeV-D- beam passes through an structure filled with D2 gas, where negative ions are mainly converted to fast D0 atoms. Once that the beam is neutralized no further optical correction is possible, i.e., transport from the neutralizer to the confinement chamber is ballistic. Because of this, the transport through the neutralizer determines ultimately the geometrical properties of the neutral beams. The ionization of the buffer gas (D2) filling the neutralizer induced by the D beam creates a rarefied and low temperature plasma (ionization degree ~10-3, electron temperature ~20 eV). This plasma can screen the electrostatic well of the D beam and, consequently, affect the properties of the extracted beam and the energy transport to the neutralizer walls. On the other hand, the plasma will eventually escape from the neutralizer and move back in the accelerator chain, toward the accelerating grids and the source. We present particle-in-cell simulations of the beam propagation and plasma formation through the neutralizer. Particle-particle and particle-wall collisions are treated using a Monte Carlo approach. Simulations show that the secondary plasma effectively screens the beam space charge preventing beam radial expansion due to Coulomb repulsion between beam ions. First results suggest that the current of plasma ions (D2+) into the accelerator would be of the order of I(D-)/100, with I(D-) the negative ion current.

Minea, T.; Lifschitz, A.; Maynard, G.; Katsonis, K.; Bretagne, J.; Simonin, A.

2008-02-01

216

[Title IX and Intercollegiate Athletics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments is the topic of these Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) notices, which include both a proposed policy interpretation regarding intercollegiate athletic programs and a proposed amendment regarding federal regulation of school dress codes. The purpose of the first action is to ensure that…

Department of Health , Education, and Welfare, Washington., DC. Office of the Secretary.

217

Title IV: Improving Indian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indian Education Act of 1972, Title IV, has improved Native American education by emphasizing Native American control; it comes after 400 years of Euro-American involvement in Indian education during which assimilation was the primary goal. In 1568 Jesuit priests began "civilizing" and Christianizing the "savage" Indians; in 1794 the first…

Barker, Kipp A.

218

Title IX: What Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title IX, passed by the U.S. Congress in 1975 as part of the Education Amendments, is a public law that prohibits sex discrimination against students and employees and provides them with equal access to courses and to employment in education agencies, including public school systems. Designed to be used in conjunction with a video by the same…

Butler, Dee

219

Title XX and the Cities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the drawbacks that have hampered city involvement in using title XX to improve public and social services and suggests raising the funding ceiling to $2.5 billion and encouraging State and local government partnerships in the human ser...

1978-01-01

220

ITER neutralizer modeling (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

In the neutralizer of the ITER Neutral Beam Injector, a 1 MeV-D{sup -} beam passes through an structure filled with D{sub 2} gas, where negative ions are mainly converted to fast D{sup 0} atoms. Once that the beam is neutralized no further optical correction is possible, i.e., transport from the neutralizer to the confinement chamber is ballistic. Because of this, the transport through the neutralizer determines ultimately the geometrical properties of the neutral beams. The ionization of the buffer gas (D{sub 2}) filling the neutralizer induced by the D beam creates a rarefied and low temperature plasma (ionization degree {approx_equal}10{sup -3}, electron temperature {approx_equal}20 eV). This plasma can screen the electrostatic well of the D beam and, consequently, affect the properties of the extracted beam and the energy transport to the neutralizer walls. On the other hand, the plasma will eventually escape from the neutralizer and move back in the accelerator chain, toward the accelerating grids and the source. We present particle-in-cell simulations of the beam propagation and plasma formation through the neutralizer. Particle-particle and particle-wall collisions are treated using a Monte Carlo approach. Simulations show that the secondary plasma effectively screens the beam space charge preventing beam radial expansion due to Coulomb repulsion between beam ions. First results suggest that the current of plasma ions (D{sub 2}{sup +}) into the accelerator would be of the order of I(D{sup -})/100, with I(D{sup -}) the negative ion current.

Minea, T.; Lifschitz, A.; Maynard, G.; Katsonis, K.; Bretagne, J.; Simonin, A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas, Universite Paris Sud XI, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); DRFC, CEA Cadarache, 13108 Saint-Paul lez Durance (France)

2008-02-15

221

In search of abstraction: the varying abstraction model of categorization.  

PubMed

A longstanding debate in the categorization literature concerns representational abstraction. Generally, when exemplar models, which assume no abstraction, have been contrasted with prototype models, which assume total abstraction, the former models have been found to be superior to the latter. Although these findings may rule out the idea that total abstraction takes place during category learning and instead suggest that no abstraction is involved, the idea of abstraction retains considerable intuitive appeal. In this article, we propose the varying abstraction model of categorization (VAM), which investigates the possibility that partial abstraction may play a role in category learning. We apply the VAM to four previously published data sets that have been used to argue that no abstraction is involved. Contrary to the previous findings, our results provide support for the idea that some form of partial abstraction can be used in people's category representations. PMID:18792499

Vanpaemel, Wolf; Storms, Gert

2008-08-01

222

National Ignition Facility Title II Design Plan  

SciTech Connect

This National Ignition Facility (NIF) Title II Design Plan defines the work to be performed by the NIF Project Team between November 1996, when the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reviewed Title I design and authorized the initiation of Title H design and specific long-lead procurements, and September 1998, when Title 11 design will be completed.

Kumpan, S

1997-03-01

223

Title of abstract: ANTIBACTERIAL SERRULATANE DITERPENE COATINGS: ANALYSIS AND MAMMALIAN CELL COMPATIBILITY Author  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infection of biomedical implants and devices in the host body environment still continues to be a major problem, which can even cause complications severe enough to have led to the loss of some patients' life. Most infections are caused by bacterial settlement onto the surface of implants (eg hip and knee implants) or devices (such as catheters) and form a

Marek Jasieniak; Stefani Griesser; Chi P. Ndi; Susan Semple; Hans J Griesser

2009-01-01

224

Title of abstract: EVALUATION OF A COLLAGEN-LIKE PROTEIN FROM STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collagens are the major structural proteins in the extracellular matrix of animals and have a characteristic triple-helix structure that requires a (Gly-Xaa-Yaa)n sequence. Collagen has proven safe in a wide variety of medical products. For medical use, collagen is usually extracted from bovine tissue, but there has been a growing concern of transmissible diseases. Significant progress has been made in

A. Yoshizumi; S. J. Danon; O. Prokopenko; O. Mirochnitchenko; Z. Yu; M. Inouye; J. A. Werkmeister

225

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: I, Surface energy budget  

SciTech Connect

This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning the surface energy budget as it relates to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included, to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Burtis, M.D. (comp.)

1992-09-01

226

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: II, Clouds. Issue 159  

SciTech Connect

This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning clouds as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.

1994-01-01

227

Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications  

SciTech Connect

This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

1999-05-01

228

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 12 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2007

2007-01-01

229

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 18 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2006

2006-01-01

230

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts (ERA) Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 17 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; and issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011

2011-01-01

231

Rural Career Guidance: Abstracts of Current Research, Materials, and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annotated bibliography provides a guide to the latest resource material, research findings, and/or developments in rural career guidance found in the ERIC system. Section I contains 158 citations and abstracts which have appeared in "Resources in Education" (RIE). RIE document resumes include the ERIC accession number, author(s), title,…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

232

Electronic mail abstract submissions increase  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The number of meeting abstracts submitted to AGU by electronic mail is growing. Two hundred electronic mail submissions were received for the Fall Meeting, compared with only 30 for the Spring Meeting. Electronic transmission allows presenters to submit abstracts up to the abstract deadline without risking rejection due to late arrival. AGU had to reject 40 Fall Meeting abstracts that arrived after the deadline because of slow mail service. Electronic submission offers presenters the chance to submit abstracts even on the last day.

DeVito, M. Catherine

233

Abstract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inverse problems are computationally challenging to solve due to inherent ill- posedness and computational intractability. In this dissertation the use of a simulation- optimization approach that couples a numerical simulation model with evolutionary algorithms for solution of the inverse problem is adopted. In this approach, the simulation model is solved iteratively during the evolutionary search, which in general can be

M. M. Balakrishnarajan; Eluvathingal D Jemmis; Sayan Gupta; Shyamalava Mazumdar; Pulakesh Mukherjee; Tim Machonkin; Jennifer L Dubois; Adam P Cole; Britt Hedman; Keith O Hodgson; Edward I Solomon; T. D. P. Stack; Herbert W Roesky; P. T. Manoharan; Sujoy Baitalik; Kamalaksha Nag; Sabyasachi Sarkar; Ram Seshadri; Claudia Felser; John F Nixon; Kattesh V Katti; Nagavarakishore Pillarsetty; Hideo Kamei; Upasana Bora; Mihir K. Chaudhuri; Sidhartha S. Dhar; Dipak Kalita; B. N. Anand; A. Ramanan; Prasun Roy; T. Duraisamy; Sanjeev Sharma; P. Ayyappan; B. D. Gupta; V. Vijai Kanth; Veena Singh; Eringathodi Suresh; Kamla Boopalan; Raksh Vir Jasra; Mohan Madhav Bhadbhade; G. A. Naganagowda; K. V. Ramanathan; V. Gayathri; N. M. Nanjegowda; P. Sengupta; S. Ghosh; Manish Bhattacharjee; Shamayita Sen Gupta; Riya Datta; C. V. Sastri; D. Easwaramoorthy; Athi Lakshmi; L. Giribabu; B. G. Maiya; P. Rabindra Reddy; M. Radhika; K. Florence Nightingale; R. Srinivasan; R. Venkatesan; T. M. Rajendiran; P. Sambasiva Rao; P. Bhavana; P. Bhyrappa; M. Ravikanth; Sudha Kumaraswamy; Praveen Kommana; G. Padmaja; K. C. Kumara Swamy; B. Mondal; S. Chakraborty; G. K. Lahiri; Manabendra Ray; Lawrence Que; Anubhav Saxena; N. Sampriya; A. S. Brar; Ravi Shankar; B. B. Sahoo; G. Panday; A. A. Wasthi; S. M. S. Chauhan; Parvesh Wadhwani; Deb Kumar Bandyopadhyay; Ratna Bandyopadhyay; Sudeb Biswas; Ramgopal Bhattacharyya; Vishwas Johis; Dilip Kotkar; Vinit S. Pathak; V. Swayambhunathan; Prashant Kamat; Amitava Das; Pushpito K. Ghosh; Rajeev Gupta; Rabindranath Mukherjee; M. G. Walawalkar; Sushanta K. Pal; Anu Krishnan; A. G. Samuelson; Puspendu K. Das; G. Anantharaman; Kanhayalal Baheti; R. Murugavel; Gunjan Garg; Ashok K. Ganguli; M. Suresh; A. V. Prasadarao; S. Neeraj; Srinivasan Natarajan; C. N. R. Rao; P. V. Vanitha; P. N. Santhosh; G. Girish Kumar; N. Munichandraiah; T. V. V. Ramakrishna; Anil J. Elias; Ashwani Vij; Kajal Krishna Rajak; Sankar Prasad Rath; Sujit Dutta; P. K. Bhattacharya; P. Natarajan; P. Paul; T. Dhanasekaran; H. Prakash; N. Mangayarkarasi; P. S. Zacharias; A. Srinivasan; Simi K Pushpan; V. G. Anand; T. K. Chandrashekar; Punam Tripathi; Abhigyan Som; Parimal K. Bharadwaj; Nisha Mathew; Balaji R. Jagirdar; Swadhin K. Mandal; Setharampattu S. Krishnamurthy; Udai P. Singh; R. Singh; S. Hikichi; Y. Moro-Oka; S. Sevagapandian; K. Nehru; P. R. Athappan; Mariappan Murali; Mallayan Palaniandavar; Samiran Mitra; Pattubala A. N. Reddy; Akhil R. Chakravarty; Sailaja Sunkari; M. V. Rajasekharan; Atindra D. Shukla; H. C. Bajaj; Divya Krishnamurthy; M. Sathiyendiran; K. Mohan Rao; N. M. Boag; D. N. Neogi; R. Bhawmick; P. Bandyopadhyay; A. M. Thomas; G. C. Mandal; S. K. Tiwary; Ajay Kumar Sah; T. Mohan Das; E. K. Wegelius; E. Kolehmainen; P. K. Saarenketo; K. Rissanen; Chebrolu P. Rao; D. U. Warad; C. D. Satish; Chandrasekhar S. Bajgur; J. Manonmani; V. Narayanan; M. Kandaswamy; G. S. M. Sundaram; M. N. Sudheendra Rao; R. Kannappan; Anvarhusen K. Bilakhiya; Beena Tyagi; Siddhartha D. Dhar; Tamal Ghosh; Rupendranath Banerjee; R. I. Kureshy; N. H. Khan; S. H. R. Abdi; S. T. Patel; P. Iyer; Debabrata Chatterjee; Anannya Mitra; Sanghamitra Mukherjee; V. Ganesan; R. Ramaraj; T. Shunmugasundari; P. Thanasekaran; S. Rajagopal; R. Bohra; Nikita Sharma; S. Nagar; Rashmishree Panda; M. S. Balakrishna; R. Vaidhyanathan; Amitava Choudhury; Debojit Chakrabarty; Samiran Mahapatra; M. Suseela Devi; K. Vidyasagar; Haresh M. Mody; Priti Pandya; Prashant Bhatt; M. Padmanabhan; Tessymol Mathew; Paresh C. Dave; Gopal Pathak; Parthasarathi Dastidar; L. Mahalakshmi; M. Nethaji; Nibedita Rath; Balajir Jagirdhar; R. Srinivasa Gopalan; G. U. Kulkarni; S. Sridevi; Jeyaprakash Narayanan; Amrita Saha; Amit K. Ghosh; Partha Majumdar; Sreebrata Goswami; Rita M. Abhyankar; Falguni Basuli; Samaresh Bhattacharya; N. Mondal; M. K. Saha; B. Bag; Satyanarayan Pal; Nimma Rajaiah Sangeetha; Samudranil Pal; Mishtu Dey; K. Padmakumar; Beena Vernekar; B. R. Srinivasan; K. Ramesh; D. Saravana Bharathi; N. K. Lokanath; M. A. Shridhar; Sashidara Prasad; N. V. Venkatraman; S. Vasudevan; T. Mimani; K. C. Patil; A. P. Tiwari; B. J. Mukkada; E. Arunan; P. C. Mathias; B. Abraham; B. Karthikeyan; S. Umapathy; Pradeepta K. Panda; V. Krishnan

2000-01-01

234

Abstracts.  

PubMed

Partial caries removal procedures are used clinically in an attempt to conserve tooth structure and prevent pulp damage. Within this approach, the caries-infected dentin is removed, and the partially demineralized caries-affected dentin is preserved and sealed with materials that enhance remineralization. Fluoride-releasing glass ionomers have been commonly used for this purpose. Recent studies have shown potential for other cements and bioactive adhesive materials to promote dentin repair through various strategies. These strategies include ion releasing of Ca-P and the guided tissue remineralization or biomimetic remineralization of dentin. The latter is potentially useful in the remineralization of the demineralized acid-etched dentin that is incompletely infiltrated by adhesives in dentin bonding. The purpose of this Critical Appraisal is to provide the clinician with a summary of current literature that clarifies understanding of the process of dentin remineralization and to describe current strategies in this area. PMID:24612484

Hernández, Marcela; Cobb, Deborah; Swift, Edward J

2014-04-01

235

ABSTRACTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

DIET QUALITY, HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS AND LIFESTYLES OF BABY BOOMERS. S.H. Byrd, J.P. McNaugh-ton, C.B. Oakley, and C.R. Boyle. Supplement to the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Volume 93, Number 9, September 1993. pp. A-50. The American Dietetic Association, 216 W. Jackson Blvd., Suite 800. Chicago IL. 60606-6995.FOOD CHOICE INFLUENCES OF TIME, HEALTH, AND SOCIALLY-ORIENTED YOUNG ADULTS. B. N. Stewart,

1994-01-01

236

Abstracts  

Cancer.gov

The incidence rates of cancer patients in the Middle East are on the rise; yet, measurable improvement in the quality of life forcancerpatientsneedtobeachievedandshown.Forseveral cancers the disease is no longer a fatal one, but chronic and consequently quality of life issues rise to a significant level of importance and it is here that integrative oncology may play a major role. It is, therefore, foreseen that this new discipline will become a dominant factor in cancer care just as important as targeted therapies.

237

Abstracts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measuring cosmological parameters with GRBs: status and perspectives New interpretation of the Amati relation The SED Machine - a dedicated transient spectrograph PTF10iue - evidence for an internal engine in a unique Type Ic SN Direct evidence for the collapsar model of long gamma-ray bursts On pair instability supernovae and gamma-ray bursts Pan-STARRS1 observations of ultraluminous SNe The influence of rotation on the critical neutrino luminosity in core-collapse supernovae General relativistic magnetospheres of slowly rotating and oscillating neutron stars Host galaxies of short GRBs GRB 100418A: a bridge between GRB-associated hypernovae and SNe Two super-luminous SNe at z ~ 1.5 from the SNLS Prospects for very-high-energy gamma-ray bursts with the Cherenkov Telescope Array The dynamics and radiation of relativistic flows from massive stars The search for light echoes from the supernova explosion of 1181 AD The proto-magnetar model for gamma-ray bursts Stellar black holes at the dawn of the universe MAXI J0158-744: the discovery of a supersoft X-ray transient Wide-band spectra of magnetar burst emission Dust formation and evolution in envelope-stripped core-collapse supernovae The host galaxies of dark gamma-ray bursts Keck observations of 150 GRB host galaxies Search for properties of GRBs at large redshift The early emission from SNe Spectral properties of SN shock breakout MAXI observation of GRBs and short X-ray transients A three-dimensional view of SN 1987A using light echo spectroscopy X-ray study of the southern extension of the SNR Puppis A All-sky survey of short X-ray transients by MAXI GSC Development of the CALET gamma-ray burst monitor (CGBM)

2012-09-01

238

Three-Valued Spotlight Abstractions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spotlight abstractions in verification focus on one specific component in a parallel system while disregarding most information about the rest. Existing spotlight abstractions are either based on over- or on underapproximations of the parallel system, thus either preserving existential or universal properties. In this paper we present three-valued spotlight abstractions for parallel systems which preserve both existential and universal properties. We show correctness of the abstraction technique as well as present a procedure for abstraction refinement. The technique has been implemented on top of an existing three-valued model checker. Experimental results show that our technique can outperform existing predicate abstraction tools on certain classes of parallel systems.

Schrieb, Jonas; Wehrheim, Heike; Wonisch, Daniel

239

Title I: Compensatory Education at the Crossroads. Sociocultural, Political and Historical Studies in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents the most recent research on Title I federal compensatory education. Building on 35 years of research, development, and practical experience, the book presents evidence of various ways Title I can become a more effective program and instrument for school reform. The nine papers are: (1) "Title I: Its Legislative…

Borman, Geoffrey D., Ed.; Stringfield, Samuel C., Ed.; Slavin, Robert E., Ed.

240

Blindness - A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography contains 80 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. Included are abstracts dealing with the blind and blindness as they relate to reading machines, rehabilitation, prosthetics and...

J. W. Ringe

1973-01-01

241

Abstract thinking in APA journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews abstracts from the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology and Psychological Bulletin to illustrate that future editions of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association should be clearer about what abstracts should contain.

James M. Herrell

1979-01-01

242

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2010-07-01

243

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2009-07-01

244

Database abstractions: aggregation and generalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two kinds of abstraction that are fundamentally important in database design and usage are defined. Aggregation is an abstraction which turns a relationship between objects into an aggregate object. Generalization is an abstraction which turns a class of objects into a generic object. It is suggested that all objects (individual, aggregate, generic) should be given uniform treatment in models of

John Miles Smith; Diane C. Pirog Smith

1977-01-01

245

Onsite provision of specialized contraceptive services: does title x funding enhance access?  

PubMed

Abstract Background: This article presents the extent to which providers enrolled in California's Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment (Family PACT) program offer contraceptive methods onsite, thus eliminating one important access barrier. Family PACT has a diverse provider network, including public-sector providers receiving Title X funding, public-sector providers not receiving Title X funding, and private-sector providers. We explored whether Title X funding enhances providers' ability to offer contraceptive methods that require specialized skills onsite. Methods: Data were derived from 1,072 survey responses to a 2010 provider-capacity survey matched by unique identifier to administrative claims data. Results: A significantly greater proportion of Title X-funded providers compared to non-Title X public and private providers offered onsite services for the following studied methods: intrauterine contraceptives (90% Title X, 51% public non-Title X, 38% private); contraceptive implants (58% Title X, 19% public non-Title X, 7% private); vasectomy (8% Title X, 4% public non-Title X, 1% private); and fertility-awareness methods (69% Title X, 55% public non-Title X, 49% private) (all p<0.0001). The association between onsite provision and Title X funding remained after stratifying individually by clinic specialty, facility capacity to provide reproductive health services (based on staffing), and rural/urban location. Conclusions: Extra funding for publicly funded family-planning programs, through mechanisms such as Title X, appears to be associated with increased onsite access to a wide range of contraceptive services, including those that require special skills and training. PMID:24405313

Thiel de Bocanegra, Heike; Cross Riedel, Julie; Menz, Mary; Darney, Philip D; Brindis, Claire D

2014-05-01

246

Meeting Abstracts hard to read  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The print in the abstract volumes of Eos is too damn small. Although one can read one or two abstracts without much trouble, most people find that the size of the print makes reading several pages of abstracts unnecessarily difficult. Without doubt, age is a factor in my case. But if print that small is not a detriment to communication, why is it not more generally used in publications? Inasmuch as some abstracts are reasonably legible in Eos (Vol. 72, No. 44, Supplement), perhaps simply imposing strict standards on author-prepared copy might suffice. Other remedies (for example, two volumes for the abstracts in a single meeting) will involve greater cost.

Savage, James C.

247

Using abstract language signals power.  

PubMed

Power can be gained through appearances: People who exhibit behavioral signals of power are often treated in a way that allows them to actually achieve such power (Ridgeway, Berger, & Smith, 1985; Smith & Galinsky, 2010). In the current article, we examine power signals within interpersonal communication, exploring whether use of concrete versus abstract language is seen as a signal of power. Because power activates abstraction (e.g., Smith & Trope, 2006), perceivers may expect higher power individuals to speak more abstractly and therefore will infer that speakers who use more abstract language have a higher degree of power. Across a variety of contexts and conversational subjects in 7 experiments, participants perceived respondents as more powerful when they used more abstract language (vs. more concrete language). Abstract language use appears to affect perceived power because it seems to reflect both a willingness to judge and a general style of abstract thinking. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24956313

Wakslak, Cheryl J; Smith, Pamela K; Han, Albert

2014-07-01

248

Inwald Personality Inventory (IPI) and Inwald Survey 3 (IS3): Hilson Research Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts, titles, and sources are given for documents concerning the Inwald Personality Inventory (IPI) and Inwald Survey 3 (IS3). The following titles are included: (1) "Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Departmental Terminations as Predicted by 16 Preemployment Psychological Indicators"; (2) "The Predictive Validity of Psychological Testing and Peer…

Hilson Research Inc., Kew Gardens, NY.

249

World Title Boxing: From Early Beginnings to the First Bell  

PubMed Central

There is scant literature where applied sport scientists have considered first hand experiences preparing professional boxers for world title bouts. The present submission reflects more than 10 years of applied experience working with professional boxers, residing in Canada. What follows is a composite of sequential steps that ownership and coaching staff of one Canadian management group have tried leading up to more than 20 world title bout experiences. The strategies proposed have been built progressively over time, and what follows is a general overview of a more detailed pre-bout structure from shortly in advance of a world title bout offer to the moment when the athlete enters the ring to perform. We propose that an effective structure is founded upon detailed a priori preparation, tactical decisions throughout bout preparation, and a thorough understanding by the athlete of what he will encounter during the title bout. Key Points World championship boxing. Competition preparation. Professional sport. Athlete performance.

Schinke, Robert J.; Ramsay, Marc

2009-01-01

250

Title VI Summary, 1999-2000. Feedback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title VI provides federal funds to states under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This document describes Title VI programs and the use of funds in the Austin Independent School District, Texas (AISD). AISD's 1999-2000 Title VI allocation was $514,448 based on the district's October 1999 school enrollment, private school…

Keswick, Karen

251

77 FR 52116 - Title VI; Final Circular  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [Docket No. FTA-2011-0054] Title VI; Final Circular AGENCY: Federal Transit...Circular to assist grantees in complying with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The...S. Department of Transportation's Title VI regulations (49 CFR part 21)....

2012-08-28

252

76 FR 60593 - Title VI; Proposed Circular  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [Docket No. FTA-2011-0054] Title VI; Proposed Circular AGENCY: Federal...Circular to assist grantees in complying with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The...S. Department of Transportation's Title VI regulations (49 CFR part 21)....

2011-09-29

253

A Manual for Enforcing Title I Comparability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a detailed guide to the "comparability requirement" and other provisions of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 which are intended to ensure that Title I programs provide compensatory education. Section I gives an overview of Title I and its comparability provision. Section II shows how to read and analyze…

Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC.

254

Mechanical Engineering Department technical abstracts  

SciTech Connect

The Mechanical Engineering Department publishes listings of technical abstracts twice a year to inform readers of the broad range of technical activities in the Department, and to promote an exchange of ideas. Details of the work covered by an abstract may be obtained by contacting the author(s). Overall information about current activities of each of the Department's seven divisions precedes the technical abstracts.

Denney, R.M. (ed.)

1982-07-01

255

HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC VIA DRINKING WATER IN INNER MONGOLIA: II. VIBROTACTILE AND VISUAL MEASURES FINAL DOCUMENT TITLE.  

EPA Science Inventory

HEALTH EFFECTS OF CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO ARSENIC IN DRINKING WATER IN INNER MONGOLIA: II. VIBROTACTILE AND VISUAL MEASURES. David Otto, Ph.D., Judy Mumford, Ph.D., Richard Kwok, M.S.P.H., Ken Hudnell, Ph.D., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Yanhong Li, M.D., Yajuan ...

256

Foundations of the Bandera Abstraction Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current research is demonstrating that model-checking and other forms of automated finite-state verification can be effective for checking properties of software systems. Due to the exponential costs associated with model-checking, multiple forms of abstraction are often necessary to obtain system models that are tractable for automated checking. The Bandera Tool Set provides multiple forms of automated support for compiling concurrent Java software systems to models that can be supplied to several different model-checking tools. In this paper, we describe the foundations of Bandera's data abstraction mechanism which is used to reduce the cardinality (and the program's state-space) of data domains in software to be model-checked. From a technical standpoint, the form of data abstraction used in Bandera is simple, and it is based on classical presentations of abstract interpretation. We describe the mechanisms that Bandera provides for declaring abstractions, for attaching abstractions to programs, and for generating abstracted programs and properties. The contributions of this work are the design and implementation of various forms of tool support required for effective application of data abstraction to software components written in a programming language like Java which has a rich set of linguistic features.

Hatcliff, John; Dwyer, Matthew B.; Pasareanu, Corina S.; Robby

2003-01-01

257

Instructions for Authors - Paper Title  

Microsoft Academic Search

These instructions are the guidelines for preparing pa- pers for IFSA2009 and EUSFLAT2009. Use this document as the template if you are using Latex. Otherwise, use this document as an instruction set. Define all symbols used in the abstract. Do not cite references in the abstract. Paper size is A4. Page margins are 1,78 cm top and down; 1,65 cm

Jane M. Doe; John Doe

2009-01-01

258

Abstracts of Research Papers 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume includes the abstracts of 112 research papers presented at the 1971 American Association of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Detroit, Michigan. Abstracts from the following symposia are also included: a) The Role of Perception in Learning Movement Activities; b) The Academic Discipline and the School Program:…

Fox, Katharine, Ed.

259

Abstracts of Research Papers 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication includes the abstracts of 199 research papers presented at the 1970 American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Seattle, Washington. Abstracts from symposia on environmental quality education, obesity, motor development, research methods, and laboratory equipment are also included. Each…

Drowatzky, John N., Ed.

260

Recursion Schemes as Abstract Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many typed functional languages provide excellent support for defining and manipulating concrete instances of induc- tively defined recursive types. However, few of these lan- guages provide good support for treating these types in a more abstract way. There have been a number of lan- guage extensions proposed to provide abstract facilities for manipulating types. Unfortunately none have been widely adopted.

Tom Murphy

261

Vague Language in Conference Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined abstracts for a British Association for Applied Linguistics conference and a Sociolinguistics Symposium, to define the genre of conference abstracts in terms of vague language, specifically universal general nouns (e.g. people) and research general nouns (e.g. results), and to discover if the language used reflected the level…

Cutting, Joan

2012-01-01

262

Effects of Employee Enrollment in Health Maintenance Organizations on the Costs of Employer Sponsored Group Health Plans. Abstract, Executive Summary, Final Report and Appendix A.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes the effects of employee enrollment in health maintenance organizations (HMOs) on the costs of employer sponsored group health plans. The empirical results suggest that group health plans in which all enrollment is in one plan design (t...

D. C. Coate

1994-01-01

263

Directory of Energy Information Administration Model Abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This directory partially fulfills the requirements of Section 8c, of the documentation order, which states in part that: The Office of Statistical Standards will annually publish an EIA document based on the collected abstracts and the appendices. This report contains brief statements about each model's title, acronym, purpose, and status, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses, and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. All models active through March 1985 are included. The main body of this directory is an alphabetical list of all active EIA models. Appendix A identifies major EIA modeling systems and the models within these systems, and Appendix B identifies active EIA models by type (basic, auxiliary, and developing). EIA also leases models developed by proprietary software vendors. Documentation for these proprietary models is the responsibility of the companies from which they are leased. EIA has recently leased models from Chase Econometrics, Inc., Data Resources, Inc. (DRI), the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates (WEFA). Leased models are not abstracted here. The directory is intended for the use of energy and energy-policy analysts in the public and private sectors.

Not Available

1986-07-16

264

Technical abstracts: Mechanical engineering, 1990  

SciTech Connect

This document is a compilation of the published, unclassified abstracts produced by mechanical engineers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) during the calendar year 1990. Many abstracts summarize work completed and published in report form. These are UCRL-JC series documents, which include the full text of articles to be published in journals and of papers to be presented at meetings, and UCID reports, which are informal documents. Not all UCIDs contain abstracts: short summaries were generated when abstracts were not included. Technical Abstracts also provides descriptions of those documents assigned to the UCRL-MI (miscellaneous) category. These are generally viewgraphs or photographs presented at meetings. An author index is provided at the back of this volume for cross referencing.

Broesius, J.Y. (comp.)

1991-03-01

265

An abstract model of rogue code insertion into radio frequency wireless networks. The effects of computer viruses on the Program Management Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation demonstrates that inadequately protected wireless LANs are more vulnerable to rogue program attack than traditional LANs. Wireless LANs not only run the same risks as traditional LANs, but they also run additional risks associated with an open transmission medium. Intruders can scan radio waves and, given enough time and resources, intercept, analyze, decipher, and reinsert data into the transmission medium. This dissertation describes the development and instantiation of an abstract model of the rogue code insertion process into a DOS-based wireless communications system using radio frequency (RF) atmospheric signal transmission. The model is general enough to be applied to widely used target environments such as UNIX, Macintosh, and DOS operating systems. The methodology and three modules, the prober, activator, and trigger modules, to generate rogue code and insert it into a wireless LAN were developed to illustrate the efficacy of the model. Also incorporated into the model are defense measures against remotely introduced rogue programs and a cost-benefit analysis that determined that such defenses for a specific environment were cost-justified.

Feudo, Christopher V.

1994-04-01

266

Student Aid and Postsecondary Tax Preferences. Limited Research Exists on Effectiveness of Tools to Assist Students and Families through Title IV Student Aid and Tax Preferences. Report to the Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate. GAO05-684  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal assistance helps students and families pay for postsecondary education through several policy tools--grant and loan programs authorized by title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and more recently enacted tax preferences. In fiscal year 2004, about $14 billion in grants and $56 billion in loans were made under title IV while…

Government Accountability Office, 2005

2005-01-01

267

Toxic and biomedical effects of textiles and textile production. January 1975-October 1989 (A Bibliography from World Textile Abstracts). Report for January 1975-October 1989  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains citations concerning toxicity and general health effects from the production of textiles. Vapors from burning flame resistant fabric, magnesium vapors from polyester foam, and toxic emissions from insulation, clothing, and upholstery are described and evaluated. Health effects resulting from formaldehyde use in treating fabrics for crease-resistance, lubricant use on polyester, textile mill effluents, and toxic substances found in textile mill room air are examined. (This updated bibliography contains 136 citations, 66 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1990-05-01

268

Geoscience indexing at petroleum abstracts  

SciTech Connect

Geoscience literature received by Petroleum Abstracts Information System is indexed by Scientist with field experience. The indexing consists of relating concepts produced by the author to a controlled vocabulary used at Petroleum Abstracts. The primary emphasis of selection of the literature at Petroleum Abstracts is petroleum-related, but not petroleum restricted. Geoscience literature indexed at Petroleum Abstracts comprises the following subjects: Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Mineral Commodities. The depth of indexing attributed to each article does in fact depend on the amount of petroleum-related subject matter in the article. Once the indexing is completed, the abstract is then cut to approximately 150 words. The scientist who indexes at Petroleum Abstracts is not expected to know or remember every detail or concept ever published. But he or she is expected to be able to go to an atlas, dictionary, or any other reference material available and apply the concepts to a controlled vocabulary. This is somewhat of a restriction on scientists, but it is the only way to maintain any kind of consistency in the indexing. Successful searching of the Petroleum Abstracts Information System can be accomplished with an understanding of the indexing strategy and the importance and necessity of referencing the thesauri controlled vocabulary. It may be more time-consuming, but will certainly be more accurate in the retrieval of the information.

Finnegan, M.A.

1985-01-01

269

The Effect of Exceeding Prescribed Time Limits in the Administration of Standardized Achievement Tests: An Abstract. Research Series. CEPSE/No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect on achievement when the prescribed maximum time limits of a standardized achievement test are exceeded was studied using students nested in block-by-treatment combinations. The analysis was a hierarchical (nested) randomized blocks analysis of covariance involving 408 fifth graders taking the Stanford Achievement Test in Lansing,…

Rudman, Herbert C.; Raudenbush, Stephen W.

270

NASA Patent Abstracts bibliography: A continuing bibliography. Section 1: Abstracts (supplement 21) Abstracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstracts are cited for 87 patents and applications introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system during the period of January 1982 through June 1982. Each entry consists of a citation, an abstract, and in mose cases, a key illustration selected from the patent or patent application.

1982-01-01

271

Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves On the Lateral Surface of a Ferrite\\/Semiconductor Superlattice At Quantum Hall-Effect Conditions - Abstract  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal result of this work is the existence of coupled magnon-plasmon surface polaritons, i.e., nonradiative spin-electromagnetic surface waves on the lateral surface of a superlattice that consists of the alternating layers of GaAs-AlGaAs quantum well system and ferromagnetic insulator. Dispersion relations for the waves are considered at quantum Hall-effect conditions when a static quantizing magnetic field is perpendicular to

R. H. Tarkhanyan; N. K. Uzunoglu

2000-01-01

272

BioText Search Engine: beyond abstract search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The BioText Search Engine is a freely available Web-based application that provides biologists with new ways to access the scientific literature. One novel feature is the ability to search and browse article figures and their captions. A grid view juxtaposes many different figures associated with the same keywords, providing new insight into the literature. An abstract\\/title search and list

Marti A. Hearst; Anna Divoli; Harendra Guturu; Alex Ksikes; Preslav Nakov; Michael A. Wooldridge; Jerry Ye

2007-01-01

273

Two Views of Data Abstraction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The importance of data abstraction has rapidly emerged over the past few years. The massive sharing of data contemplated by database management technologists and the limitations of widely used programming languages have provided a strong stimulus to chang...

H. F. Ledgard R. W. Taylor

1977-01-01

274

Marine Biofouling: Programme and Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a Program and Abstracts of an international symposium sponsored by the Natural Environment Research Council, the Office of Naval Research and the Office of Naval Research Europe, held at the University of Plymouth, England.

1999-01-01

275

Failure Semantics with Fair Abstraction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Countably branching processes subject to alternative composition, sequential composition, and abstraction are considered. Axiom systems are given for such processes which contain deadlock, empty process, silent move, and delay. Axiomatizing divergence via...

J. A. Bergstra J. W. Klop E. R. Olderog

1986-01-01

276

AAPT National Meeting Abstract Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This service, provided by the American Association of Physics Teachers, allows users to search through the abstracts for their national meetings from 1998 through the present. Searches by keyword or author, and searching a specfic meeting, are available.

2004-03-28

277

Proceedings: 1995 SERDP Symposium (Abstracts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The First Annual SERDP Symposium was convened to emphasize transfer of SERDP accomplishments to the user communities. These abstracts, which represent the 58 technical papers and 96 exhibits/posters presented at the Symposium, illustrate why the almost 50...

1995-01-01

278

Abstracts of Completed Research - 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains abstracts of research reported during 1974. The articles cover research and development on the medical and psychological aspects of health and performance of naval service personnel.

L. C. Johnson E. Edwards R. H. Rahe E. K. E. Gunderson N. H. Berry

1974-01-01

279

Loop Summarization Using Abstract Transformers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing program analysis tools that implement abstraction rely on saturating procedures to compute over-approximations of\\u000a fixpoints. As an alternative, we propose a new algorithm to compute an over-approximation of the set of reachable states of\\u000a a program by replacing loops in the control flow graph by their abstract transformer. Our technique is able to generate diagnostic\\u000a information in case of

Daniel Kroening; Natasha Sharygina; Stefano Tonetta; Aliaksei Tsitovich; Christoph M. Wintersteiger

2008-01-01

280

Theoretical Kinetics Study of the O((3)P) + CH4/CD4 Hydrogen Abstraction Reaction: The Role of Anharmonicity, Recrossing Effects, and Quantum Mechanical Tunneling.  

PubMed

Using a recently developed full-dimensional accurate analytical potential energy surface [ Gonzalez-Lavado , E. , Corchado , J. C. , and Espinosa-Garcia , J. J. Chem. Phys. 2014 , 140 , 064310 ], we investigate the thermal rate coefficients of the O((3)P) + CH4/CD4 reactions with ring polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD) and with variational transition-state theory with multidimensional tunneling corrections (VTST/MT). The results of the present calculations are compared with available experimental data for a wide temperature range 200-2500 K. In the classical high-temperature limit, the RPMD results match perfectly the experimental data, whereas VTST results are smaller by a factor of 2. We suggest that this discrepancy is due to the harmonic approximation used in the present VTST calculations, which leads to an overestimation of the variational effects. At low temperatures the tunneling plays an important role, which is captured by both methods, although they both overestimate the experimental values. The analysis of the kinetic isotope effects shows a discrepancy between both approaches, with the VTST values smaller by a factor about 2 at very low temperatures. Unfortunately, no experimental results are available to shed any light on this comparison, which keeps it as an open question. PMID:24749673

Gonzalez-Lavado, Eloisa; Corchado, Jose C; Suleimanov, Yury V; Green, William H; Espinosa-Garcia, Joaquin

2014-05-01

281

Energy Data Base: Serial titles with ISSN listing: Part 1, Alphabetic arrangement by title  

SciTech Connect

''Serial Titles with ISSN Listing'' lists periodical titles which have been included in the OSTI (Office of Scientific and Technical Information) Journal Authority. The OSTI Journal Authority was established to standardize the citing of the approximately 23,000 titles contained in this authority. It is also a valuable tool for identifying journals by ISSN and CODEN, especially for journals with the same title which are published in different locations. This Part 1 is an alphabetical listing by full title of the journal publication and also includes abbreviated title, CODEN, ISSN, coverage code, and country code.

Daniel, J.H. (ed.)

1986-12-01

282

How Abstract is Abstract? Layering Meaning in Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

External representations, including pictures, graphs, text, gestures, and utterances, are key components of all curricular materials in physics. Such representations play a key role in cognitive function, particularly insofar as individuals interpret the meanings of and apply meanings to these representations. We previously proposed a model of how individuals can make meaning of and with external representations through layered analogies and applied this model to learning abstract ideas in physics, i.e. EM waves. We extend this model in two ways. We distinguish individualsâ interpretations of representations, which can be highly variable and fleeting, from the physics communityâs agreed upon interpretations, which are more stable and coherent. We describe these two dimensions of representation use: abstraction based on the community consensus of concepts and salience based on readily accessible pieces of knowledge for an individual.

Podolefsky, Noah S.; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2009-01-24

283

Rich in resources/deficient in dollars! Which titles do reference departments really need?  

PubMed Central

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: Budget pressures, combined with the growing availability of resources, dictate careful examination of reference use. Two studies were conducted at the University of Maryland Health Sciences Library to examine this issue. A twelve-month reshelving study determined use by title and discipline; a simultaneous study analyzed print abstract and index use in an electronic environment. METHODOLOGY: Staff electronically recorded statistics for unshelved reference books, coded the collection by discipline, and tracked use by school. Oral surveys administered to reference room abstract and index users focused on title usage, user demographics, and stated reason for use. RESULTS: Sixty-five and a half percent of reference collection titles were used. Medical titles received the most use, but, in the context of collection size, dentistry and nursing titles used the greatest percentage of their collections. At an individual title level, medical textbooks and drug handbooks were most used. Users of abstracts and indexes were primarily campus nursing and medical students who preferred print resources. CONCLUSION: The monograph data will guide reference expenditures in canceling little-used standing orders, expanding most-used portions of the collection, and analyzing underused sections. The abstract and index survey identified the following needs: targeting instruction, contacting faculty who assign print resources, increasing the number of computer workstations, and installing signs linking databases to print equivalents.

Fishman, D L; DelBaglivo, M

1998-01-01

284

Metaphoric Images from Abstract Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses children's use of metaphors to create meaning, using as an example the pragmatic and "scientific" ways in which preschool children explain thunder and lightning to themselves. Argues that children are being shortchanged by modern scientific notions of abstractness and that they should be encouraged to create their own explanations of…

Vizmuller-Zocco, Jana

1992-01-01

285

Abstract Syntax and Variable Binding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a theory of abstract syntax with variable binding. To every binding signature we associate a cat- egory of models consisting of variable sets endowed with compatible algebra and substitution structures. The syntax generated by the signature is the initial model. This gives a notion of initial algebra semantics encompassing the tradi- tional one; besides compositionality, it automatically veri-

Marcelo P. Fiore; Gordon D. Plotkin; Daniele Turi

1999-01-01

286

Programs Are Abstract Data Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose to view programs as abstract data types and to perform program changes by applying well-defined op- erations on programs. The ADT view of programs goes beyond the approach of syntax-directed editors and proof- editors since it is possible to combine basic update oper- ations into larger update programs that can be stored and reused. It is crucial for

Martin Erwig

2001-01-01

287

Handedness Shapes Children's Abstract Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can children's handedness influence how they represent abstract concepts like "kindness" and "intelligence"? Here we show that from an early age, right-handers associate rightward space more strongly with positive ideas and leftward space with negative ideas, but the opposite is true for left-handers. In one experiment, children indicated where on…

Casasanto, Daniel; Henetz, Tania

2012-01-01

288

An abstract approach to music  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we have outlined a formal framework for an abstract approach to music and music composition. The model is formulated in terms of objects that have attributes, obey relationships, and are subject to certain well-defined operations. The motivation for this approach uses traditional terms and concepts of music theory, but the approach itself is formal and uses the

H. G. Kaper; S. Tipei

1999-01-01

289

Does "Social Work Abstracts" Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The current study seeks to provide estimates of the adequacy of journal coverage in the Social Work Abstracts (SWA) database. Method: A total of 23 journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports social work category during the 1997 to 2005 period were selected for study. Issue-level coverage estimates were obtained for SWA and…

Holden, Gary; Barker, Kathleen; Covert-Vail, Lucinda; Rosenberg, Gary; Cohen, Stephanie A.

2008-01-01

290

ACPA 2014 Oral Presentation Abstracts.  

PubMed

The abstracts below were presented as podium presentations at the 71(st) Annual Meeting of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association from March 24(th) to 29(th), 2014. They are printed directly as they appeared in the program book. PMID:24805981

2014-05-01

291

Innovation Abstracts, Volume XIX, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 52 abstracts in these 29 serial issues describe innovative approaches to teaching and learning in the community college. Sample topics include a checklist for conference presenters, plan to retain students, faculty home page, improvements in writing instruction, cooperative learning, support for high risk students, competitive colleges and the…

Roueche, Suanne D., Ed.

1997-01-01

292

Cryogenic foam insulation: abstracted publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of documents were chosen and abstracted which contain information on the properties of foam materials and on the use of foams as thermal insulation at cryogenic temperatures. The properties include thermal properties, mechanical properties, and compatibility properties with oxygen and other cryogenic fluids. Uses of foams include applications as thermal insulation for spacecraft propellant tanks, and for liquefied

1977-01-01

293

77 FR 30173 - Amendment of Americans With Disabilities Act Title II and Title III Regulations To Extend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 36 Amendment of Americans With Disabilities Act Title II and Title III Regulations To Extend Compliance Date for Certain...1190-AA69 Amendment of Americans With Disabilities Act Title II and Title III Regulations To Extend Compliance...

2012-05-21

294

Directory of Energy Information Administration model abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief statements from the model managers about each model's title, acronym, purpose, and status, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses, and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. All models ''active'' through March 1987 are included. The main body of this directory is an alphabetical list of all active EIA models. Appendix A identifies major EIA modeling systems and the models within these systems, and Appendix B identifies active EIA models by type (basic, auxiliary, and developing). A basic model is one designated by the EIA Administrator as being sufficiently important to require sustained support and public scrutiny. An auxiliary model is one designated by the EIA Administrator as being used only occasionally in analyses, and therefore requires minimal levels of documentation. A developing model is one designated by the EIA Administrator as being under development and yet of sufficient interest to require a basic level of documentation at a future date. EIA also leases models developed by proprietary software vendors. Documentation for these ''proprietary'' models is the responsibility of the companies from which they are leased. EIA has recently leased models from Chase Econometrics, Inc., Data Resources, Inc. (DRI), the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates (WEFA). Leased models are not abstracted here. The directory is intended for the use of energy and energy-policy analysts in the public and private sectors.

Not Available

1987-08-11

295

45 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2010-10-01

296

45 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2012-10-01

297

45 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

298

45 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2011-10-01

299

45 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-10-01 false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION...

2009-10-01

300

Title XX and CETA. A Coordination Guide for Title XX Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coordination guidelines for Title XX (Social Services) and CETA (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act) programs are presented. The guidelines were written for Title XX administrators at the State or substate level and are intended to serve four major...

1976-01-01

301

Preparing the CAA Title V operating permit application  

SciTech Connect

The CAA amendments contain 11 new and amended titles, including enhanced non-attainment area provisions, additional conditions for controlling hazardous air pollutants, expanded monitoring and record keeping requirements, and increased enforcement authority. The cornerstone of the regulation is the operating permits program (Title V). In the past, permits have been issued to construct or modify sources, and some sources have been permitted in states with operating permit programs. Such programs will remain in effect. However, under the new CAA, most emissions sources will be required to have an operating permit. Title V's permit provision initially affects about 34,000 major facilities and may affect another 350,000 smaller sources in the future. The amendments also increase the number of regulated pollutants from 21 to about 200. Operating permits limit emissions from manufacturing operations, and place further restrictions on raw materials and products.

Wyles, T.R. (Trinity Consultants Inc., Atlanta, GA (United States))

1994-01-01

302

Title VI Summary 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title VI provides federal funds to states under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. This document describes Title VI programs and the use of funds in the Austin Independent School District (AISD), Texas for 2000-2001. The AISD allocation of $481,559 was based on the May 2000 projected school enrollment, including projected…

Huskey, Barton

303

Normalization of Titles and Their Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a method for normalizing English document titles so they can be used in the online retrieval of documents: the title expressed by a noun phrase or clause is converted by parsing to a function-expression, which is transformed to a predicate-governor form and then normalized to a standard form. (Author/JD)

Takamatsu, Shinobu; And Others

1980-01-01

304

Grant Administration Manual for Title III Coordinators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for coordinators of programs under Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 are presented, based on a national survey of Title III program coordinators. The responsibilities of the coordinator and information on administering the Strengthening Developing Institutions Program (SDIP) grant are covered. The program can either be a…

Mathis, Emily Duncan; Ashmore, Frances W.

305

Title I Dollars Support Community Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title I funds are available to districts and schools with high numbers or percentages of disadvantaged students to provide services, including academic enrichment services through Title I, Part A, so all the nation's children have an equal opportunity to education and can reach proficiency on state academic achievement standards and assessments.…

Pearson, Sarah S.; Blank, Martin J.

2010-01-01

306

Writing Titles in Science: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To prevent a paper from being discarded and ensure that it addresses the right audience, it must have a proper title that satisfies certain requirements. Writing the titles to scientific articles is therefore a challenging exercise that demands the use of various skills. Still, although the research paper is one of the most thoroughly studied…

Soler, Viviana

2007-01-01

307

Statistical Evidence and Compliance with Title IX  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scope of Title IX clearly includes all aspects of education, but the legislation's application to college athletics receives the most attention. Athletics programs, unlike most academic activities, are sex segregated, so the proper interpretation of the intercollegiate athletics provisions of Title IX is less clear-cut. This article examines…

Cheslock, John J.; Eckes, Suzanne E.

2008-01-01

308

Automated Title Page Cataloging: A Feasibility Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of a prototype rule-based system for the automation of descriptive cataloging from title pages. The discussion covers the results of tests of the prototype, major impediments to automatic cataloging from title pages, and prospects for further progress. The rules implemented in the prototype are appended. (16 references)…

Weibel, Stuart; And Others

1989-01-01

309

Writing titles in science: An exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To prevent a paper from being discarded and ensure that it addresses the right audience, it must have a proper title that satisfies certain requirements. Writing the titles to scientific articles is therefore a challenging exercise that demands the use of various skills. Still, although the research paper is one of the most thoroughly studied scientific genres, the study of

Viviana Soler

2007-01-01

310

Informational Dynamics of Journal Article Titles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes changing information values of journal article titles (measured by counting total number of words, number of keywords, and computing proportion of substantive words). Use of linear regression to determine change patterns for sample of titles from four selected journals, six library journals, and six miscellaneous journals (1951-1980) is…

Diener, Richard A. V.

1984-01-01

311

Local Uses of Title I Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of administrators, teachers, and parents in 15 Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I school districts indicated that evaluations are used locally to meet federal and state requirements, to inform parents and staff, and to confirm positive attitudes toward a program. Standardized achievement tests, the backbone of Title I evaluations,…

David, Jane L.

312

Hardlining Title IX: Who's Offside Now?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes Syracuse University's construction of the Carrier Dome sports facility as being in violation of Title IX, which requires that women and men have equal access to athletic participation and facilities. Calls for greater adherence nationwide to the spirit and the letter of Title IX. (GC)

deCrow, Karen

1980-01-01

313

Dysfunctional Elements in the ESEA Title 1 Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken to identify and analyze dysfunctional elements in the administration of ESEA Title I, and to determine the impact of these elements on administrative behavior and program effectiveness at the local educational level. A model of administrative behavior and hypotheses was developed, and the literature reviewed for discrepancy…

Blaschke, Charles L.

314

Building PACs: A Guide for Title I Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This inservice program for principals was designed to assist the development and maintenance of effective Parent Advisory Councils (PACs), as mandated by Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The manual first introduces the concept of the principal as a facilitator, outlining the principal's role and responsibilities within a PAC.…

Druian, Janice; Sayers, Susan

315

A Glossary of Measurement Terms Used in Title I Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measurement terms used in Title I evaluation are contained in this glossary. Several types of measurement techniques are identified and defined. Other measurement terms which are defined include those relating to validity, reliability, statistical analysis, test interpretation, and program effectiveness. (DWH)

Fortna, Richard O.

316

Evaluating Title Coverage of Full-text Periodical Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a methodology for evaluating title coverage of full-text periodical databases in relation to a library's print journal collection. Presents a pretest of that methodology along with a discussion of collection development principles for an effective evaluation of full-text databases. (Author)

Brier, David J.; Lebbin, Vickery Kaye

1999-01-01

317

An Abstract Plan Preparation Language  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a new planning language that is more abstract than most existing planning languages such as the Planning Domain Definition Language (PDDL) or the New Domain Description Language (NDDL). The goal of this language is to simplify the formal analysis and specification of planning problems that are intended for safety-critical applications such as power management or automated rendezvous in future manned spacecraft. The new language has been named the Abstract Plan Preparation Language (APPL). A translator from APPL to NDDL has been developed in support of the Spacecraft Autonomy for Vehicles and Habitats Project (SAVH) sponsored by the Explorations Technology Development Program, which is seeking to mature autonomy technology for application to the new Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) that will replace the Space Shuttle.

Butler, Ricky W.; Munoz, Cesar A.

2006-01-01

318

Compositional and Relational Reasoning during Class Abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Class diagrams are among the most widely used object-oriented de- sign techniques. They are effective in modeling the structure of software sys- tems at any stages of the software life cycle. Still, class diagrams can become as complex and overwhelming as the software systems they describe. This paper describes a techni que for abstracting lower-level class structures into higher- level

Alexander Egyed

2003-01-01

319

Home Office licence abstracts--an assessment.  

PubMed

Since late in 2004, brief abstracts of projects licensed under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 have been published on the Home Office website. These are produced by the Project Licence Holders, and their publication is seen by the Home Office as contributing to greater openness and to greater public understanding of the use of animals in science, and how it is regulated. Here, we assess the value of the database for this purpose, based on an examination of the 1400 abstracts published up to January 2008. The abstracts are generally strong on justification, but often very poor at describing the likely effects on the animals used. In many cases, they lack basic information on the procedures applied, and the numbers, and even the species, of animals involved. A significant number of projects lack abstracts altogether. In order to ensure that the database gives a complete and balanced picture of animal use in research, we consider that it should be mandatory to submit an abstract, which should include at least the species and numbers of animals used, the adverse effects they are likely to experience, and the severity limits assigned to the procedures applied to them. The value of the database would also be improved greatly, if it were more readily searchable, at least by species, level of severity, and broad area of research. PMID:18826336

Phillips, Barry; Jennings, Maggy

2008-09-01

320

Cryogenic foam insulation: Abstracted publications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A group of documents were chosen and abstracted which contain information on the properties of foam materials and on the use of foams as thermal insulation at cryogenic temperatures. The properties include thermal properties, mechanical properties, and compatibility properties with oxygen and other cryogenic fluids. Uses of foams include applications as thermal insulation for spacecraft propellant tanks, and for liquefied natural gas storage tanks and pipelines.

Williamson, F. R.

1977-01-01

321

International Conference on Environmental Education (Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi, India, December 16-20, 1981). Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of papers presented at the International Conference on Environmental Education are included in this document. Although title, author(s), and abstract are provided for each of the 124 entries, a table of contents and author/subject index are not included. Topics and issues addressed focus on various aspects of environmental education…

Bhat, J. L., Ed.; Bandhu, Desh, Ed.

322

Reform and Results: An Analysis of Title I in the Great City Schools, 1994-95 to 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of changes in the 1994-95 reauthorization of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act on the operations and effectiveness of Title I programs in the Great City Schools was studied through a survey of urban school districts. Responses were submitted by 34 school districts, representing approximately 23% of the Title I…

Lewis, Sharon; Williams, Adriane; Naik, Manish; Casserly, Michael

323

Operating System Abstraction Layer (OSAL)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the concept of the Operating System Abstraction Layer (OSAL) and its benefits. The OSAL is A small layer of software that allows programs to run on many different operating systems and hardware platforms It runs independent of the underlying OS & hardware and it is self-contained. The benefits of OSAL are that it removes dependencies from any one operating system, promotes portable, reusable flight software. It allows for Core Flight software (FSW) to be built for multiple processors and operating systems. The presentation discusses the functionality, the various OSAL releases, and describes the specifications.

Yanchik, Nicholas J.

2007-01-01

324

Abstract art by shape classification.  

PubMed

This paper shows that classifying shapes is a tool useful in nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR) from photographs. Our classifier inputs regions from an image segmentation hierarchy and outputs the "best" fitting simple shape such as a circle, square, or triangle. Other approaches to NPR have recognized the benefits of segmentation, but none have classified the shape of segments. By doing so, we can create artwork of a more abstract nature, emulating the style of modern artists such as Matisse and other artists who favored shape simplification in their artwork. The classifier chooses the shape that "best" represents the region. Since the classifier is trained by a user, the "best shape" has a subjective quality that can over-ride measurements such as minimum error and more importantly captures user preferences. Once trained, the system is fully automatic, although simple user interaction is also possible to allow for differences in individual tastes. A gallery of results shows how this classifier contributes to NPR from images by producing abstract artwork. PMID:23744256

Song, Yi-Zhe; Pickup, David; Li, Chuan; Rosin, Paul; Hall, Peter

2013-08-01

325

18 CFR 415.1 - Short title.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-04-01 true Short title. 415.1 Section 415.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-FLOOD PLAIN REGULATIONS Generally § 415.1...

2013-04-01

326

Abstraction Planning in Real Time  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When a planning agent works in a complex, real-world domain, it is unable to plan for and store all possible contingencies and problem situations ahead of time. This thesis presents a method for planning a run time that incrementally builds up plans at multiple levels of abstraction. The plans are continually updated by information from the world, allowing the planner to adjust its plan to a changing world during the planning process. All the information is represented over intervals of time, allowing the planner to reason about durations, deadlines, and delays within its plan. In addition to the method, the thesis presents a formal model of the planning process and uses the model to investigate planning strategies.

Washington, R.

1994-01-01

327

Experience with abstract notation one  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of computer science has produced a vast number of machine architectures, programming languages, and compiler technologies. The cross product of these three characteristics defines the spectrum of previous and present data representation methodologies. With regard to computer networks, the uniqueness of these methodologies presents an obstacle when disparate host environments are to be interconnected. Interoperability within a heterogeneous network relies upon the establishment of data representation commonality. The International Standards Organization (ISO) is currently developing the abstract syntax notation one standard (ASN.1) and the basic encoding rules standard (BER) that collectively address this problem. When used within the presentation layer of the open systems interconnection reference model, these two standards provide the data representation commonality required to facilitate interoperability. The details of a compiler that was built to automate the use of ASN.1 and BER are described. From this experience, insights into both standards are given and potential problems relating to this development effort are discussed.

Harvey, James D.; Weaver, Alfred C.

1990-01-01

328

MOTT PROGRAM SUMMARIES (TITLE SUPPLIED).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE BETTER TOMORROW FOR THE URBAN CHILD PROGRAM (BTU) ATTEMPTS TO HELP INNER-CITY CHILDREN BECOME MORE EFFECTIVE CITIZENS, BOTH EDUCATIONALLY AND SOCIALLY, THROUGH THE USE OF ADDITIONAL HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. THE GOALS ARE TO RAISE THE LEVEL OF SCHOOL READINESS, TO DEVELOP A GREATER MOTIVATION FOR LEARNING, AND TO IMPROVE STUDENT SELF-IMAGE…

Flint Board of Education, MI.

329

Summarizing the Results of Title I Evaluations--the Comparability of Achievement Gains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Title I Evaluation and Reporting System (TIERS) was mandated to meet the requirements of the 1974 amendments to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. It was hoped that TIERS would lead to a clear report of the effectiveness of Title I programs, based upon a synthesis of nationwide data. It has been extremely difficult to compare…

Stonehill, Robert M.; Fishbein, Ronald L.

330

Higher Reading Achievement in Los Angeles Title I Elementary Schools: An Exploratory Study of Underlying Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study was carried out in four Los Angeles Title I elementary schools to determine what accounted for the comparatively high reading scores made by these schools' students on the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills; determine whether the schools were engaged in demonstrably effective educational practices that other Title I and…

Dorr-Bremme, Donald W.

331

The Higher Education Act, Title II-C Program: Strengthening Research Library Resources. A Ten Year Profile and an Assessment of the Program's Effects upon the Nation's Scholarship. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress established the Strengthening Research Library Resources Program through Title II-C of the 1976 Education Amendments to the Higher Education Act of 1965 to promote research and education throughout the United States by financially assisting major research libraries. Since 1978, nearly $70 million in grants have been distributed to U.S.…

Streit, Samuel Allen

332

BioText Search Engine: beyond abstract search.  

PubMed

The BioText Search Engine is a freely available Web-based application that provides biologists with new ways to access the scientific literature. One novel feature is the ability to search and browse article figures and their captions. A grid view juxtaposes many different figures associated with the same keywords, providing new insight into the literature. An abstract/title search and list view shows at a glance many of the figures associated with each article. The interface is carefully designed according to usability principles and techniques. The search engine is a work in progress, and more functionality will be added over time. Availability: http://biosearch.berkeley.edu. PMID:17545178

Hearst, Marti A; Divoli, Anna; Guturu, Harendra; Ksikes, Alex; Nakov, Preslav; Wooldridge, Michael A; Ye, Jerry

2007-08-15

333

International oil pollution R and D abstract database  

SciTech Connect

Title VII of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 Established the Interagency Committee to coordinate a comprehensive program of oil pollution research, technology development, and demonstration among the federal agencies, in cooperation with industry, universities, research institutions, State governments, and other nations...' The International Oil Pollution Research and Development Abstract Database was developed by the U.S. Coast Guard on behalf of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Oil Pollution Research to comply with this mandate. It is hoped that this exchange of information will reduce redundant research and encourage collaborative efforts.

Not Available

1993-10-01

334

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1984 (Vol. 45 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 15 titles deal with the following topics: (1) Robert Kennedy and the American press; (2) objective reporting, muckraking, and the "New Journalism" from 1950 to 1975; (3) the coverage of welfare by the New York press; (4) the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

335

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1985 (Vol. 46 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 16 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the response of the law to visual journalism from l839 to l978; (2) woman's image in authoritative Mormon discourse; (3) the depiction of computers and computer-related subjects in…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

336

Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 36 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) control theory, self-focus, and behavior in organizations; (2) relationships between communicator style and supervisory performance across functional…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

337

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1982 (Vol. 43 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The nine titles deal with the following topics: (1) unobtrusive issues in the agenda-setting role of the press; (2) perceptions and usage of the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) in the third world; (3) the relationship between the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

338

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 30 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the Nigerian press under military rule; (2) the agrarian myth in eighteenth and nineteenth century United States magazines; (3) editorial opinion on education…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

339

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1979 (Vol. 39 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: electronic newspapers; the influence of local information on daily newspaper household penetration; source credibility; a taxonomy of editorial content for internal publications; the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

340

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1982 (Vol. 43 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 11 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the credibility of the sources of public information during the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant crisis; (2) the anticorporation rhetoric of New York reformer Samuel Seabury; (3)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

341

Written Language and Writing Abilities: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July 1979 through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 1 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the adolescent writer's developing sense of audience; (2) the entry skills, methods, and attitudes of intermediate composition students in postsecondary composition programs; (3)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

342

English Language Arts Skills and Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1982 (Vol. 43 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 17 titles deal with the following topics: (1) a model for the development of critical television viewing and listening skills in the public school setting; (2) English as a subject in the College of William and Mary; (3)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

343

Theatre and Oral Interpretation: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles are as follows: (1) Physical and Oral Behaviors of the Solo Interpretive Performer; (2) Music in English Children's Drama; (3) Playwriting in the Maritime Provinces: 1845-1903; (4) Dance in Denver's Pioneer Theatres:…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

344

Drama and Oral Interpretation: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1978 (Vol. 38 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 16 titles deal with the following topics: an examination of inexperienced actors performing the plays of William Shakespeare; an investigation of the philosophies and practices of a summer theatre producer and manager; the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

345

Theatre and Oral Interpretation: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1984 (Vol. 45 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 19 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the ethics of violence as political strategy in contempory drama; (2) the history of Italian-American theatre from 1900 to 1905; (3) the development of the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

346

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1984 (Vol. 45 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 10 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the television sermons of Jerry Falwell, W. A. Criswell, Robert Schuller, Jimmy Swaggert, James Robinson, and Howard Estep; (2) the preaching of Wallace E. Fisher; (3) Theodore…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

347

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: (1) John F. Kennedy's rhetoric during the 1960 West Virginia presidential primary; (2) male and female modes of rhetoric; (3) charismatic communication and faith healers; (4) the ideology…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

348

Language, Speech, and Communication Skills Training: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1978 (Vol. 38 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: communications curricula for technical education programs; the recorded oral communication of business students; interactions between parents and speech-language…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

349

Interpersonal, Nonverbal, and Small Group Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 14 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the relationships between power, gender, and mode of conflict management in superior/subordinate relationships; (2) the interaction processes of groups with varying levels of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

350

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 45 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) gender portrayal in magazine advertising; (2) the role of special interest groups in agenda-setting; (3) the relationship between sensation-seeking and horror…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

351

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1982 (Vol. 42 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 10 titles deal with the following topics: (1) press bias in Northern Ireland; (2) the nature of news media selection; (3) the agenda-setting function of the press; (4) a training program for newsroom supervisors using video taped…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

352

Teaching of English: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," March through December 1977 (Vol. 37 No. 9 through Vol. 38 No. 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 19 titles deal with a variety of topics related to the teaching of English, including the following: film study, the use of media, and the teaching of listening skills in the English classroom; students' academic success…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

353

Speech Communication Education and Classroom Interaction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 11 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the relation between classroom communication and teacher personality; (2) a survey of speech programs in Texas community colleges; (3) improving student responses by training teachers…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

354

Teaching of Writing: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 24 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the composing process and modes of invention; (2) methods of teaching composition in various integrated programs; (3) writing in peer groups; (4) holistic invention; (5) computer…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

355

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 20 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the rhetoric of the Moral Majority, (2) epideictic rhetoric in the works of 16th cntury humanist John Colet, (3) rhetoric and the Equal Rights Amendment, (4)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

356

Reading and Study Skills and Instruction: Preschool and Elementary: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 53 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) instructional procedures for teaching word meanings; (2) readability; (3) reading acquisition; (4) the relation of word deprivation to reading in elementary…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

357

Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: (1) identifying problem formation behaviors within the process of organizational change; (2) using the communication audit to determine decision style, satisfaction, and communication…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

358

Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 26 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) contemporary and lyric poetry and poetry experiences; (2) bibliotherapy programs; (3) poetry in college anthologies; (4) values in American literature and…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

359

Language Use, Language Ability, and Language Development: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 32 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the development of young children's metalinguistic understanding of "letter,""word," and "sentence"; (2) modifications in speech to elderly conversationalists;…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

360

Reading Achievement: Characteristics Associated with Success and Failure: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 25 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) reading comprehension and visual creativity; (2) family interaction and reading achievement in high school males; (3) conceptual tempo, Piagetian level of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

361

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 20 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the campaign communication during the Carter-Ford television debates; (2) apprehensiveness and performance in public speaking; (3) a history and criticism of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

362

Remedial and Compensatory Reading Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 19 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the relationship of perceptual training and reading achievement; (2) compensatory education for community college students; (3) comparative analysis of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

363

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 36 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) content diversity in local television news; (2) advertising influences on consumers' use of evidence; (3) organized labor and the mass media; (4) feminist film…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

364

Journalism and Journalism Education: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1983 (Vol. 43 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the black press of Tennessee from 1865 to 1980; (2) news values and decision making; (3) news coverage of the Indiana State Assembly; (4) an information theory…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

365

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1982 (Vol. 42 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 14 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the rhetoric of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; (2) the rhetorical strategies employed in the political speaking of George C. Wallace in the 1968 United States presidential…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

366

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 55 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the prime time access rule; (2) media education; (3) magazine and children's advertising; (4) Irish national and Third World cinema; (5) international radio…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

367

Interpersonal, Nonverbal, and Small Group Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1980 (Vol. 40 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 34 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) marital communication; (2) aspects of dyadic communication, including self-disclosure, trust, dominance versus recessiveness, and influence of sex role…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

368

Reading and Study Skills and Instruction: Secondary: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1980 (Vol. 41 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 16 titles deal with the following topics: (1) guiding the learner through a textual passage with an associate passage; (2) use of direct-functional study skill technique in seventh grade social studies classes; (3) three types of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

369

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 27 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) children's understanding of television advertising; (2) the occupational role portrayed of women in magazine advertisements; (3) the relationship between…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

370

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1980 (Vol. 41 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 47 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) television and attitudes about crime, (2) attitude measurement in marketing communications, (3) soap operas and liberal education values, (4) the existence of…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

371

Applied Communication, Argumentation, and Debate: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1983 (Vol. 43 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 15 titles deal with the following topics: (1) verbal interpersonal communication between community volunteers and prisoners; (2) pharmacist-patient communication skills; (3) communication attachment; (4) the definition,…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

372

Reading, Comprehension, and Memory Processes: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 35 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the relation of specific perceptual, cognitive, and training variables to reading skills acquisition of kindergarten students; (2) the implications of interest…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

373

Rhetorical and Communication Theory: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 10 titles deal with the following topics: (1) how speech acts in advertisements relate to the purpose of selling merchandise; (2) the use and evaluation of accounts in problematic episodes; (3) rhetoric as a way of knowing; (4)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

374

Interpersonal, Nonverbal, and Small Group Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 27 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) job satisfaction as related to individual functional dominance and job description functional dominance; (2) familiarity as a variable in anticipated…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

375

Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 29 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) science fiction in elementary school science education; (2) the portrayal of black characters in children's literature; (3) UFOs and their correlates as a…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

376

Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1983 (Vol. 43 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 31 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the rhetoric of confrontation in Northern Ireland; (2) rhetorical arguments in public health regulations; (3) epideictic discourse in the founding of the…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

377

Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1983 (Vol. 43 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 25 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the integrated short story collection as a genre; (2) lyric definition; (3) trope density in Newbery Award winning books and selected Children's Choices from…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

378

Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1979 (Vol. 39 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 29 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: the mythology underlying television advertising; the ethnicity of television commercials; the impact of television food commercials on young children; comparative…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

379

Theatre and Oral Interpretation: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: (1) awareness of self, awareness of environment, mental imagery, communicative competency, and theatrical improvisation; (2) the evolution of scenography in the Western theatre; (3)…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

380

Reading and Study Skills and Instruction: Preschool and Elementary: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) predicting kindergarten children's success with specific reading methods using group readiness tests; (2) the types of discourse included in basal reading…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

381

Ozone Conference II: Abstract Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Ozone Conference II: Pre- and Post-Harvest Applications Two Years After Gras, was held September 27-28, 1999 in Tulare, California. This conference, sponsored by EPRI's Agricultural Technology Alliance and Southern California Edison's AgTAC facility, was coordinated and organized by the on-site ATA-AgTAC Regional Center. Approximately 175 people attended the day-and-a-half conference at AgTAC. During the Conference twenty-two presentations were given on ozone food processing and agricultural applications. Included in the presentations were topics on: (1) Ozone fumigation; (2) Ozone generation techniques; (3) System and design applications; (4) Prewater treatment requirements; (5) Poultry water reuse; (6) Soil treatments with ozone gas; and (7) Post-harvest aqueous and gaseous ozone research results. A live videoconference between Tulare and Washington, D.C. was held to discuss the regulators' view from inside the beltway. Attendees participated in two Roundtable Question and Answer sessions and visited fifteen exhibits and demonstrations. The attendees included university and governmental researchers, regulators, consultants and industry experts, technology developers and providers, and corporate and individual end-users. This report is comprised of the Abstracts of each presentation, biographical sketches for each speaker and a registration/attendees list.

None

1999-11-01

382

Attracting Girls into Physics (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent international study of women in physics showed that enrollment in physics and science is declining for both males and females and that women are severely underrepresented in careers requiring a strong physics background. The gender gap begins early in the pipeline, from the first grade. Girls are treated differently than boys at home and in society in ways that often hinder their chances for success. They have fewer freedoms, are discouraged from accessing resources or being adventurous, have far less exposure to problem solving, and are not encouraged to choose their lives. In order to motivate more girl students to study physics in the Assiut governorate of Egypt, the Assiut Alliance for the Women and Assiut Education District collaborated in renovating the education of physics in middle and secondary school classrooms. A program that helps in increasing the number of girls in science and physics has been designed in which informal groupings are organized at middle and secondary schools to involve girls in the training and experiences needed to attract and encourage girls to learn physics. During implementation of the program at some schools, girls, because they had not been trained in problem-solving as boys, appeared not to be as facile in abstracting the ideas of physics, and that was the primary reason for girls dropping out of science and physics. This could be overcome by holding a topical physics and technology summer school under the supervision of the Assiut Alliance for the Women.

Gadalla, Afaf

2009-04-01

383

An abstract approach to music.  

SciTech Connect

In this article we have outlined a formal framework for an abstract approach to music and music composition. The model is formulated in terms of objects that have attributes, obey relationships, and are subject to certain well-defined operations. The motivation for this approach uses traditional terms and concepts of music theory, but the approach itself is formal and uses the language of mathematics. The universal object is an audio wave; partials, sounds, and compositions are special objects, which are placed in a hierarchical order based on time scales. The objects have both static and dynamic attributes. When we realize a composition, we assign values to each of its attributes: a (scalar) value to a static attribute, an envelope and a size to a dynamic attribute. A composition is then a trajectory in the space of aural events, and the complex audio wave is its formal representation. Sounds are fibers in the space of aural events, from which the composer weaves the trajectory of a composition. Each sound object in turn is made up of partials, which are the elementary building blocks of any music composition. The partials evolve on the fastest time scale in the hierarchy of partials, sounds, and compositions. The ideas outlined in this article are being implemented in a digital instrument for additive sound synthesis and in software for music composition. A demonstration of some preliminary results has been submitted by the authors for presentation at the conference.

Kaper, H. G.; Tipei, S.

1999-04-19

384

Directory of Energy Information Administration Model Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains brief statements from the model managers about each model's title, acronym, purpose, and status, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses, and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. All ...

1987-01-01

385

49 CFR 1245.5 - Classification of job titles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Assistant General Foremen, Stations, Warehouses, Grain Elevators, and Docks Title... 509 Gang Foremen, Stations, Warehouses, Grain Elevators and Docks Title...93 and 94. 511 Station, and Warehouse Laborers Title is descriptive...

2011-10-01

386

49 CFR 1245.5 - Classification of job titles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Assistant General Foremen, Stations, Warehouses, Grain Elevators, and Docks Title... 509 Gang Foremen, Stations, Warehouses, Grain Elevators and Docks Title...93 and 94. 511 Station, and Warehouse Laborers Title is descriptive...

2012-10-01

387

Abstracts of Dutch doctoral theses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have proved to be effective antihypertensive agents in patients with essential hypertension, not only ,;vhen circulating renin is elevated, but also under normal or even low-renin conditions. The latter has aroused questions as to the mechanism of the hypotensive actio'n of ACE inhibitors. Some investigators have pointed to interference with vasoactive systems other than the

G. J. Navis; G. J. Sterk; J. W. van Nispen; M. Hichens; A. Sauter; H. Lingeman; C. M. B. van den Beld; U. R. Tjaden; J. van der Greef; D. M. Desiderio; D. C. Cubbins; C. McMartin; R. L. Webb; L. P. Wennogle; H. E. Wysowskyi; M. B. Zimmerman; V. H. L. Lee; J. Sandow; H. Seidel; R. Schmiedel; Bradley T. Keller; Kevin R. Smith; Ronald T. Borchardt; W. A. Banks; A. J. Kastin; D. de Wied; P. P. DeLuca; J. R. Robinson; S. Lundin; H. Vilhardt; M. Saffran; G. S. Kumar; D. G. Neckers; F. Williams; J. B. Field; R. H. Jones; L. Panepinto; A. S. Harris; Alan C. Moses; S. Muranishi; H. E. Boddé; M. Ponec; J. Verhoef; Gary G. Liversidge; G. J. Boer; J. Kruisbrink; H. de Nijs; T. R. M. Bouwman; M. J. D. Eenink; Harish M. Patel; H. Bundgaard; J. D. Larsen; M. N. Nielsen; A. Buur; U. R. Tjadeh; M. Lemaire; H. Andres; P. Marbach; L. Widlund; O. Guilbaud; P. Wilton; J. B. M. M. van Bree; K. L. Audus; Johanna Deinum; Karin Norén; Morgan Sohtell; B. R. Weström; H. G. Folkesson; B. W. Karlsson; C. Damge; C. Michel; M. Aprahamian; P. Couvreur; F. Puisieux; E. Touitou; F. Alhaique; P. Fisher; A. Memoli; F. M. Riccieri; E. Santucci; W. A. J. J. Hermens; S. G. Romei jn; F. W. H. H. Merkus; C. Schneider; T. W. Smith; K.-D. Bremecker; K.-D. Hungerer; Y. Tabata; Y. Ikada; K. Uno; S. Muramatsu; J. W. Bruning; F. H. J. Claas; M. J. Kardol; J. M. van Ree; C. J. J. Rust; W. Verduyn; V. M. Wiegant; G. Wolterink; E. J. van Hoogdalem; C. D. Heijligers-Feijen; A. G. de Boer; D. D. Breimer; C. B. Lambalk; H. van Kessel; J. de Koning; J. A. M. J. van Dieten; G. P. van Rees; J. Schoemaker; J.-Ph. Devissaguet; K. Orieu; F. Dray; E. Ezan; K. Drieu; P. Dray; E. Ezah; D. J. Barnfield; Y. K. Barker; S. Knott; G. S. Miles; A. Warrander; H. K. Adam; F. G. Hutchinson; R. A. V. Milsted; R. H. Moore; A. J. Swaisland; Y. Barke; E. T. Porter; B. Holmes; M. Barnard; J. H. Beijnen; S. C. H. Lubbers; O. A. G. J. van der Houwen; M. W. Lobbezoo; W. J. M. Underberg; Th. Cachet; E. Roets; J. Hoogmartens; H. Vanderhaeghe; H. de Bree; D. J. K. van der Stel; O. A. M. Brockhoff; M. P. van Berkel; K. Sierat; G. de Groot; B. C. A. Tepas; O. E. de Noord; J. Hempenius; P. M. J. Coenegracht; J. H. G. Jonkman; D. A. Doornbos; J. A. De Schutter; P. De Moerloose; L. P. C. Delbressine; F. M. Kaspersen; A. Blokland; A. L. L. Duchateau; T. A. Verstappen; P. J. H. Hendricks; F Elferink; O R Leeuwenkamp; H M Pinedo; W J F vd Vijgh; K. Ensing; D. A. Bloemhof; W. G. In't Hout; R. A. de Zeeuw; Karla G. Feitsma; Ben F. H. Drenth; T. K. Gerding; A. S. Horn; C. P. Groen; J. Tipker; J. K. van den Bergh-Swart; F. J. Spruit; J. H. M. van den Berg; E. H. Groot Bramel; O. Bekers; M. Otagiri; P. S. L. Janssen; P. A. T. A. Melgers; M. J. M. v. Zeeland; R. L. A. E. Hamelinck; B. C. Goverde; G. W. M. v. Aalst; P. R. Kootstra; H. H. van den Broek; E. A. Hogendoorn; C. E. Goewie; P. J. M. Kwakman; U. A. Th. Brinkman; R. W. Frei; G. J. de Jong; N. G. F. M. Lammers; H. M. Ruijten; J. de Jong; P. A. Maessen; K. B. Mross; H. M. Plnedo; W. J. F. van der Vljgh; Naeem Hasan Khan; S. V. Rose; L. G. D. Lammerts van Bueren; P. H. van Amsterdam; H. van Beek; A. J. Baars; L. A. van Ginkel; H. M. Steinbuch; H. J. van Rossum; H. van Blitterswijk; P. W. Zoontjes; E. v. d. Heeft; A. J. P. M. de Jong; R. W. Stephany; R. van Gijn; J. J. M. de Clippeleir; S. L. Verweij; A. C. A. Paalman; M. A. J. van Opstal; P. Krabbenborg; J. J. M. Holthuis; W. P. van Bennekom; A. Bult; F. A. M. Redegeld; E. Houdkamp; C. van de Water; N. Haagsma; D. E. M. M. Vendrig; A. Mekking; J. Teeuwsen

1988-01-01

388

Title List of documents made publicly available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes: (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. The docketed information contained in the Title List includes the information formerly issued through the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docket Information, last published in January 1979. Microfiche of the docketed information listed in the Title List is available for sale on a subscription basis from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS).

Not Available

1982-07-01

389

Title List of documents made publicly available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes: (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. The docketed information contained in the Title List includes the information formerly issued throught the Department of Energy publication Power Reactor Docket Information, last published in January 1979. Microfiche of the docketed information listed in the Title List is available for sale on a subscription basis from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS).

Not Available

1982-06-01

390

New magnetic material spectroscopy (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

Sensitive commercial electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometers are able to measure 10{sup AND}13 spins. Using a high T{sub c} weak link, we were able to measure FMR on yttrium ion garnet (YIG) films which were exposed to an effective area of 3 nm by 15 micrometers. Given that this is the area of excitation and the thickness of the YIG was 0.5 micrometers, we could measure less than 10{sup AND}9 spins in a YIG film. Our weak link was fabricated by patterning a 0.5 micrometer thick film of YBCO down to a 15 micrometer wide bridge across an artificial grain boundary in an MgO substrate. Our technique uses the ac Josephson effect to generate a microwave field which couples into a YIG film which is placed in intimate contact atop the link. The frequency of this microwave field is proportional to the voltage across the weak link. The absorption of the microwaves by the YIG will affect the voltage versus current behavior across the weak link. For a YIG film of 0.5 micrometers thickness, we measured an in-plane linewidth of 125 Gauss using the weak link technique. The FMR linewidth measured by a conventional EPR technique was 40 Gauss. This implies that the excitation by the weak link may be nonuniform. We present data which illustrate this effect and numerical results for the corresponding circuit model. Our conclusions are that we have developed a viable spectroscopy to characterize extremely local magnetic interactions. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Hogenboom, D.; Widom, A.; Vittoria, C. [Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)] [Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)

1997-04-01

391

Youth Studies Abstracts. Vol. 4 No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 169 abstracts of documents dealing with youth and educational programs for youth. Included in the volume are 97 abstracts of documents dealing with social and educational developments; 56 abstracts of program reports, reviews, and evaluations; and 16 abstracts of program materials. Abstracts are grouped according to the…

Youth Studies Abstracts, 1985

1985-01-01

392

Roadmap Through Title XX. Financing Services for Children Through Title XX and Other Programs: Manual 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, part of a Hecht Institute four-manual series entitled Financing Children's Services Through Title XX and Related Programs, teaches what Title XX regulations are, what they mean, and what actions and procedures are commanded by them. The first section covers the necessity of rule systems, the characteristics of a good rule system and…

Copeland, William C.; Iversen, Iver A.

393

Chief Student Affairs Officer Titles: Standardization of Titles and Broadening of Labels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined chief student affairs officer (CSAO) titles at 2,621 4-year public and private institutions and 2-year institutions included in the 2006 Higher Education Directory. This study replicated and extended Rickard's (1985a) study of CSAO titles, with regard to institutional autonomy and professional standardization and provides a…

Tull, Ashley; Freeman, Jerrid P.

2008-01-01

394

LDEF: A bibliography with abstracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) was a free-flying cylindrical structure that housed self-contained experiments in trays mounted on the exterior of the structure. Launched into orbit from the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984, the LDEF spent almost six years in space before being recovered in 1990. The 57 experiments investigated the effects of the low earth orbit environment on materials, coatings, electronics, thermal systems, seeds, and optics. It also carried experiments that measured crystals growth, cosmic radiation, and micrometeoroids. This bibliography contains 435 selected records from the NASA aerospace database covering the years 1973 through June of 1992. The citations are arranged within subject categories by author and date of publication.

Gouger, H. Garland (editor)

1992-01-01

395

Bioremediation of PCBs. (Latest citations from Pollution abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the microbes and microbial processes capable of reducing the toxicity of, or destroying, PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls). Techniques include treatments used in above-ground reactors or in situ detoxification of contaminated soil or water. The citations examine conditions which facilitate decomposition, such as use of the most effective microorganisms, and factors which can accelerate or inhibit the degradation.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-11-01

396

Odor Pollution. A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTISearch bibliography contains 92 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. The abstracts are divided into two sections. The first covers odorous air pollutants (54 abstracts). The second covers...

E. J. Lehmann

1973-01-01

397

SAO\\/NASA ADS Abstract Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not Available Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences) Find Similar Abstracts: Use: Authors Return: Query Results Return items starting with number Query Form Database: Astronomy Physics arXiv e-prints

Kensaku Sakai; Takashi Ohmasa; Seiichi Nishihara

2001-01-01

398

First LDEF Post-Retrieval Symposium abstracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The LDE facility was designed to better understand the environments of space and the effects of prolonged exposure in these environments on future spacecraft. The symposium abstracts presented here are organized according to the symposium agenda into five sessions. The first session provides an overview of the LDEF, the experiments, the mission, and the natural and induced environments the spacecraft and experiments encountered during the mission. The second session presents results to date from studies to better define the environments of near-Earth space. The third session addresses studies of the effects of the space environments on spacecraft materials. The fourth session addresses studies of the effects of the space environments on spacecraft systems. And the fifth session addresses other subjects such as results of the LDEF life science and crystal growth experiments.

Levine, Arlene S. (compiler)

1991-01-01

399

Abstraction of Drift-Scale Coupled Processes  

SciTech Connect

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) describes an abstraction, for the performance assessment total system model, of the near-field host rock water chemistry and gas-phase composition. It also provides an abstracted process model analysis of potentially important differences in the thermal hydrologic (TH) variables used to describe the performance of a geologic repository obtained from models that include fully coupled reactive transport with thermal hydrology and those that include thermal hydrology alone. Specifically, the motivation of the process-level model comparison between fully coupled thermal-hydrologic-chemical (THC) and thermal-hydrologic-only (TH-only) is to provide the necessary justification as to why the in-drift thermodynamic environment and the near-field host rock percolation flux, the essential TH variables used to describe the performance of a geologic repository, can be obtained using a TH-only model and applied directly into a TSPA abstraction without recourse to a fully coupled reactive transport model. Abstraction as used in the context of this AMR refers to an extraction of essential data or information from the process-level model. The abstraction analysis reproduces and bounds the results of the underlying detailed process-level model. The primary purpose of this AMR is to abstract the results of the fully-coupled, THC model (CRWMS M&O 2000a) for effects on water and gas-phase composition adjacent to the drift wall (in the near-field host rock). It is assumed that drift wall fracture water and gas compositions may enter the emplacement drift before, during, and after the heating period. The heating period includes both the preclosure, in which the repository drifts are ventilated, and the postclosure periods, with backfill and drip shield emplacement at the time of repository closure. Although the preclosure period (50 years) is included in the process models, the postclosure performance assessment starts at the end of this initial period. The postclosure period will be analyzed until ambient thermal conditions of the mountain have returned. Subsequently, both THC and TH conditions will be analyzed for 100,000 years or longer.

N.D. Francis; D. Sassani

2000-03-31

400

Engineering scale mixing system tests for MWTF title II design  

SciTech Connect

Mixing tests for the Multifunction Waste Tank Facility (MWTF) were conducted in 1/25 and 1/10 scale test tanks with different slurry levels, solids concentrations, different jet mixers and with simulated in-tank structures. The same test procedure was used as in the Title I program, documented in WHC-SD-W236A-ER-005. The test results support the scaling correlation derived previously in the Title I program. The tests also concluded that a partially filled tank requires less mixing power, and horizontal and angled jets in combination (H/A mixer) are significantly more effective than the two horizontal jet mixers (H/H mixer) when used for mixing slurry with a high solids concentrations.

Chang, S.C.

1994-10-10

401

42 CFR 35.52 - Delivery of possession only; title unaffected.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICAL CARE AND EXAMINATIONS HOSPITAL AND STATION MANAGEMENT Disposal of Money and Effects of Deceased Patients § 35.52 Delivery of possession only; title unaffected....

2012-10-01

402

Feminizing Science: The Alchemy of Title IX  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author scrutinizes the National Academy of Sciences report "Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering" and its dangerous call to place the sciences under the sledgehammer of Title IX. Her findings: A one-sided, inaccurate, and internally contradictory report prepared by a committee lacking…

Hausman, Patricia

2008-01-01

403

Editorial: Change of journal scope and title  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion In order to stimulate more flexible research strategies, the title and scope of the journal have been broadened to include a wider range of developmental disorders related to autism. This carefully circumscribed broadening is also intended to clarify the developmental factors that shape the autistic symptom picture. By focusing on all types of issues within a wide span of

Eric Schopler; Michael Rutter; Stella Chess

1979-01-01

404

Title IX: 25 Years of Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, the expectations for women's achievement have risen. This document presents a snapshot of the progress made toward gender equity in education and the barriers remaining. Females have increasingly enrolled in and completed college, obtained a greater number of graduate and professional degrees, participated in…

Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

405

Fast title extraction method for business documents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional electronic document filing systems are inconvenient because the user must specify the keywords in each document for later searches. To solve this problem, automatic keyword extraction methods using natural language processing and character recognition have been developed. However, these methods are slow, especially for japanese documents. To develop a practical electronic document filing system, we focused on the extraction of keyword areas from a document by image processing. Our fast title extraction method can automatically extract titles as keywords from business documents. All character strings are evaluated for similarity by rating points associated with title similarity. We classified these points as four items: character sitting size, position of character strings, relative position among character strings, and string attribution. Finally, the character string that has the highest rating is selected as the title area. The character recognition process is carried out on the selected area. It is fast because this process must recognize a small number of patterns in the restricted area only, and not throughout the entire document. The mean performance of this method is an accuracy of about 91 percent and a 1.8 sec. processing time for an examination of 100 Japanese business documents.

Katsuyama, Yutaka; Naoi, Satoshi

1997-04-01

406

Girls Still Need Title IX Protection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Rowinsky" the Fifth Circuit ruled that Title IX does not entitle a student to recover damages from a school district for peer sexual harassment. However, three federal district courts and the Eleventh Circuit have joined the trend of holding school districts liable. Follows the Eleventh Circuit's approach and advises school districts to pay…

Sendor, Benjamin

1996-01-01

407

How Can Title I Improve Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Title I programs in No Child Left Behind Act can apply certain research-based strategies to improve the achievement of poor and minority students, including preschool and full-day kindergarten programs, extending learning into the summer, and accelerating school-year learning through the reduction of class size or the implementation…

Borman, Geoffrey D.

2003-01-01

408

Directory of Title VII Network Center Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory of Title VII Network Center libraries is intended to facilitate communication among the Network Centers. It is arranged by type of center--assessment and dissemination, training resource, and materials development. The directory is subdivided alphabetically by state and alphabetically by the centers' names within states. For each…

Mazzocco, Alexis, Comp.; Yates, Barbara, Comp.

409

Title VII Evaluation, 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title VII federal funds have been used in the Austin (Texas) Independent School District (AISD) since 1985-86 to enhance the regular secondary bilingual and English-as-a-second-language programs for Hispanic limited English proficient (LEP) students. The four secondary campuses involved were those with the highest concentrations of Hispanic LEP…

Baenen, Nancy R.; Yonan, Barbara

410

Title V in South Carolina -- An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since South Carolina's Title V Community and Resource Development (CRD) project is limited to one small rural county (Williamsburg) affording careful documentation, this paper explicates South Carolina's CRD process via a social action model. This project, then, is described in terms of the following model components: (1) community initiative…

Jacob, Nelson L.

411

Toward Greater Utility of Title I Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the evaluation of Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I programs was mandated with its passage in 1965, the emphasis on evaluation increased in 1974 with the incorporation of Section 151. That section was redesignated in 1978 as Section 183. Section 183 included the directive that evaluations be conducted every third year, to…

Cross, Christopher

412

Title IX Enforcement Called 'Deeply Troubling'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The government agency responsible for enforcing gender equity in college sports is falling down on the job, according to a report released by the National Women's Law Center. Over the past five years, the U.S. Education Department's Office for Civil Rights -- the administrative guardian of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the law that…

Lipka, Sara; Wolverton, Brad

2007-01-01

413

Private Rights of Action under Title IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dispute over private remedies under Title IX is part of a more general debate over the extent to which rights of action should be implied from federal statutes, but it has a special urgency because of the fundamental nature of the right involved and the fact that sex equality in education is long overdue. (Author)

Johnston, Patty

1978-01-01

414

Monitoring Services to Children: Title XX  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of State offices of child development and the advent of Social Security Title XX funds have been accompanied by confusion at every level of government and in the black community. The impact of these developments on availability of good day care for children is examined and recommendations are made. (Author/AM)

Black Child Development Institute

1977-01-01

415

High-level direct-dynamics variational transition state theory calculations including multidimensional tunneling of the thermal rate constants, branching ratios, and kinetic isotope effects of the hydrogen abstraction reactions from methanol by atomic hydrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a detailed theoretical study of the hydrogen abstraction reaction from methanol by atomic hydrogen. The study includes the analysis of thermal rate constants, branching ratios, and kinetic isotope effects. Specifically, we have performed high-level computations at the MC3BB level together with direct dynamics calculations by canonical variational transition state theory (CVT) with the microcanonically optimized multidimensional tunneling (?OMT) transmission coefficient (CVT/?OMT) to study both the CH3OH + H --> CH2OH + H2 (R1) reaction and the CH3OH + H --> CH3O + H2 (R2) reaction. The CVT/?OMT calculations show that reaction R1 dominates in the whole range 298<=T(K)<=2500 and that anharmonic effects on the torsional mode about the C-O bond are important, mainly at high temperatures. The activation energy for the total reaction sum of R1 and R2 reactions changes substantially with temperature and, therefore, the use of straight-line Arrhenius plots is not valid. We recommend the use of new expressions for the total R1 + R2 reaction and for the R1 and R2 individual reactions.

Meana-Pańeda, Rubén; Truhlar, Donald G.; Fernández-Ramos, Antonio

2011-03-01

416

Processing Electronic Abstracts for AAS Meetings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AAS has accepted abstracts for its last three meetings via electronic mail. On balance, this experiment has been well-received by the community (over 80% of the abstracts for this meeting were taken via email), even though the AAS only accepts electronic abstracts prepared with a specific template. Despite an enhanced number of submissions close to the deadline, abstract processing

H. Dalterio

1993-01-01

417

Abstracts for the venus geoscience tutorial and venus geologic mapping workshop  

SciTech Connect

Abstracts and tutorial are presented from the workshop. Representative titles are: Geology of Southern Guinevere Planitia, Venus, Based on Analyses of Goldstone Radar Data; Tessera Terrain: Characteristics and Models of Origin; Venus Volcanism; Rate Estimates from Laboratory Studies of Sulfur Gas-Solid Reactions; and A Morphologic Study of Venus Ridge Belts.

Not Available

1989-01-01

418

Twenty-ninth ORNL/DOE conference on analytical chemistry in energy technology. Abstracts of papers  

SciTech Connect

This booklet contains separate abstracts of 55 individual papers presented at this conference. Different sections in the book are titled as follows: laser techniques; resonance ionization spectroscopy; laser applications; new developments in mass spectrometry; analytical chemistry of hazardous waste; and automation and data management. (PLG)

Not Available

1986-01-01

419

Orientation and Mobility for Blind Infants. Abstract XIII: Research & Resources on Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A federally funded research report, titled "The Development of a Program in Orientation and Mobility for Multi-Handicapped Blind Infants" by Randall Harley et al., is briefly summarized in this one-page abstract. The report discusses the development of the "Peabody Mobility Kit for Infants," a package of assessment and training materials for use…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

420

Abstracts for the Venus Geoscience Tutorial and Venus Geologic Mapping Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstracts and tutorial are presented from the workshop. Representative titles are: Geology of Southern Guinevere Planitia, Venus, Based on Analyses of Goldstone Radar Data; Tessera Terrain: Characteristics and Models of Origin; Venus Volcanism; Rate Estimates from Laboratory Studies of Sulfur Gas-Solid Reactions; and A Morphologic Study of Venus Ridge Belts.

1989-01-01

421

A Mainstreaming Resource Guide: An Abstract Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide lists 1,097 resources (periodicals, media, books, papers, dissertations, modules, and other items) on the topic of mainstreaming handicapped children. Entries are organized alphabetically by author's last name and include title, source, date and brief description. Twenty-two topics are considered: assessment, attitudes, cooperative…

Clay, James E., Comp.

422

Gearing up for Title 5 operating permits  

SciTech Connect

Title 5 of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) establishes a massive new operating permit program, which will be administered by state agencies in accordance with federal guidelines. Formal requirements regarding operating-permits were promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on July 21, 1992 (40 CFR 70). The Title 5 program will require many chemical manufacturing facilities to apply for and obtain operating permits that address air emissions from the entire facility. A major impact of the Title 5 program is that facilities will now be required to implement measures to routinely demonstrate that they are operating in compliance with the terms of the permit. Otherwise, facilities will be considered out of compliance. Once the new permits are in place, the burden will be on the facility to prove routine compliance to prevent any enforcement action. According to EPA, the new permits are not intended to impose any new regulatory requirements on a facility. Rather, they will serve as an enforcement tool.

Klaber, K.; Weiss, K. (Environmental Resources Management, Inc., Exton, PA (United States))

1994-06-01

423

Reaching Out: Visions for a New Decade: Abstracts = La distance apprivoisee vers une nouvelle decennie: resumes des communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a collection of 85 abstracts, of which 56 are written in English, 27 in French, and 2 in both languages. These abstracts discuss research studies, evaluation studies, needs assessments, and the advantages and disadvantages of distance education and related issues. Some of the titles are: "Activation of learning in distance…

Canadian Association for Distance Education, Montreal (Quebec).

424

Abstraction and reformulation in artificial intelligence.  

PubMed Central

This paper contributes in two ways to the aims of this special issue on abstraction. The first is to show that there are compelling reasons motivating the use of abstraction in the purely computational realm of artificial intelligence. The second is to contribute to the overall discussion of the nature of abstraction by providing examples of the abstraction processes currently used in artificial intelligence. Although each type of abstraction is specific to a somewhat narrow context, it is hoped that collectively they illustrate the richness and variety of abstraction in its fullest sense.

Holte, Robert C.; Choueiry, Berthe Y.

2003-01-01

425

Processing abstract language modulates motor system activity.  

PubMed

Embodiment theory proposes that neural systems for perception and action are also engaged during language comprehension. Previous neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies have only been able to demonstrate modulation of action systems during comprehension of concrete language. We provide neurophysiological evidence for modulation of motor system activity during the comprehension of both concrete and abstract language. In Experiment 1, when the described direction of object transfer or information transfer (e.g., away from the reader to another) matched the literal direction of a hand movement used to make a response, speed of responding was faster than when the two directions mismatched (an action-sentence compatibility effect). In Experiment 2, we used single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation to study changes in the corticospinal motor pathways to hand muscles while reading the same sentences. Relative to sentences that do not describe transfer, there is greater modulation of activity in the hand muscles when reading sentences describing transfer of both concrete objects and abstract information. These findings are discussed in relation to the human mirror neuron system. PMID:18470821

Glenberg, Arthur M; Sato, Marc; Cattaneo, Luigi; Riggio, Lucia; Palumbo, Daniele; Buccino, Giovanni

2008-06-01

426

Abstraction Based Automated Test Generation from Formal Tabular Requirements Specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We propose an automated approach for generating tests from formal tabular requirements specifications, such as SCR specifications.\\u000a The technique is based on counterexample guided abstraction refinement and the use of SMT solving. Moreover, in order to effectively\\u000a perform automated test generation, we take advantage of particular characteristics of tabular requirements descriptions to\\u000a aid the abstraction and abstraction refinement processes. The

Renzo Degiovanni; Pablo Ponzio; Nazareno Aguirre; Marcelo Frias

427

Scientific meeting abstracts: significance, access, and trends.  

PubMed Central

Abstracts of scientific papers and posters that are presented at annual scientific meetings of professional societies are part of the broader category of conference literature. They are an important avenue for the dissemination of current data. While timely and succinct, these abstracts present problems such as an abbreviated peer review and incomplete bibliographic access. METHODS: Seventy societies of health sciences professionals were surveyed about the publication of abstracts from their annual meetings. Nineteen frequently cited journals also were contacted about their policies on the citation of meeting abstracts. Ten databases were searched for the presence of meetings abstracts. RESULTS: Ninety percent of the seventy societies publish their abstracts, with nearly half appearing in the society's journal. Seventy-seven percent of the societies supply meeting attendees with a copy of each abstract, and 43% make their abstracts available in an electronic format. Most of the journals surveyed allow meeting abstracts to be cited. Bibliographic access to these abstracts does not appear to be widespread. CONCLUSIONS: Meeting abstracts play an important role in the dissemination of scientific knowledge. Bibliographic access to meeting abstracts is very limited. The trend toward making meeting abstracts available via the Internet has the potential to give a broader audience access to the information they contain.

Kelly, J A

1998-01-01

428

Abstraction in art with implications for perception.  

PubMed Central

The relationship between people and art is complex and intriguing. Of course, artworks are our creations; but in interesting and important ways, we are also created by our artworks. Our sense of the world is informed by the art we make and by the art we inherit and value, works that, in themselves, encode others' world views. This two-way effect is deeply rooted and art encodes and affects both a culture's ways of perceiving the world and its ways of remaking the world it perceives. The purpose of this paper is to indicate ways in which a study of abstraction in art can be used to discover insights into, to quote the call for papers for this issue, 'our perception of the world, acquired through experience' and 'the way concepts are formed and manipulated to achieve goals'.

Zimmer, Robert

2003-01-01

429

Sickle Cell Anemia. A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTISearch bibliography contains 29 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. The abstracts cover the clinical and diagnostic aspects of sickle cell anemia. (Author)

E. A. Harrison

1973-01-01

430

OIL POLLUTION ABSTRACTS. VOLUME 6, NUMBER 1  

EPA Science Inventory

Oil Pollution Abstracts (formerly entitled Oil Pollution Reports) is a quarterly compilation of abstracts of current oil pollution related literature and research projects. Comprehensive coverage of oil pollution and its prevention and control is provided, with emphasis on the aq...

431

Applied Botany Abstracts, Volume 1, Number 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Applied Botany Abstracts is a quarterly abstracting periodical. It covers world literature on R&D work, aiming at utilization of the wild and non-agricultural/non-traditional/underutilized economic plants and plant products and development of production t...

B. R. Juneja

1981-01-01

432

Automated Text Editing. A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTISearch bibliography contains 56 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. The abstracts cover the computer hardware and software, applications such as information retrieval and report preparat...

E. J. Lehmann

1973-01-01

433

An algorithm for generating abstract syntax trees  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The notion of an abstract syntax is discussed. An algorithm is presented for automatically deriving an abstract syntax directly from a BNF grammar. The implementation of this algorithm and its application to the grammar for Modula are discussed.

Noonan, R. E.

1985-01-01

434

APPLIED CATALYSIS B: ENVIRONMENTAL - ABSTRACTS. (R825430)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

435

Molecular Basis of Neural Function. Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The conference proceedings contain abstracts of plenary lectures, of young neurochemists' ESN honorary lectures, lectures at symposia and workshops and poster communications. Twenty abstracts were inputted in INIS. The subject of these were the use of aut...

S. Tucek S. Stipek F. Stastny J. Krivanek

1986-01-01

436

Knowledge-based spatiotemporal linear abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a theoretical framework and a case study for reusing the same conceptual and computational methodology for both temporal abstraction and linear (unidimensional) space abstraction, in a domain (evaluation of traffic-control actions) significantly different from the one (clinical medicine) in which the method was originally used. The method, known asknowledge-based temporal abstraction, abstracts high-level concepts and patterns from time-stamped

Yuval Shahar; Martin Molina

1998-01-01

437

Abstract and Model Check While You Prove  

Microsoft Academic Search

The construction of abstractions is essential for reducing large or infinite state systems to small or finite state systems.\\u000a Boolean abstractions, where boolean variables replace concrete predicates, are an important class that subsume several abstraction\\u000a schemes. We show how boolean abstractions can be constructed simply, efficiently, and precisely for infinite state systems\\u000a while preserving properties in the full µ-calculus. We

Hassen Saďdi; Natarajan Shankar

1999-01-01

438

At the HeART of Abstraction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstraction has long been a concept difficult to define for students. Students often feel the pressure of making their artwork "look real" and frustration can often lead to burnout in the classroom. In this article, the author describes how her lesson on abstraction has alleviated much of that pressure as students created an abstract acrylic…

Berdit, Nancy

2006-01-01

439

The Political Economy of Water Abstraction Charges  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important economic instrument in the management of a river catchment's water resources is the charges made by government for the abstraction of water from ground and surface sources. Abstraction charges are a form of rent. However, the classical theory of differential rent has limited application to abstraction prices because that theory's assumption of competition in the supply of the

Stephen Merrett

1999-01-01

440

Counterexamples with Loops for Predicate Abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predicate abstraction is a major abstraction technique for the verification of software. Data is abstracted by means of Boolean variables, which keep track of predicates over the data. In many cases, the technique suffers from the fact that it requires at least one predicate for each iteration of a loop construct in the program. We propose to extract looping counterexamples

Daniel Kroening; Georg Weissenbacher

2006-01-01

441

Towards IDE support for abstract thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract thinking is considered to be a high level cognitive skill that enables a comprehensive understanding of a specific concept or a problem using different levels of detailing. Based on a lab activity we conducted on the matter of abstraction, we present guidelines for enabling an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) to promote abstract thinking. The guidelines are defined in the

Oren Mishali; Yael Dubinsky; Itay Maman

2008-01-01

442

The Algebraic Specification of Abstract Data Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been many recent proposals for embedding abstract data types in programming languages. In order to reason about programs using abstract data types, it is desirable to specify their properties at an abstract level, independent of any particular implementation. This paper presents an algebraic technique for such specifications, develops some of the formal properties of the technique, and shows

John V. Guttag; James J. Horning

1978-01-01

443

Reading and Abstracting Journal Articles in Sedimentology and Stratigraphy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assignment centered on reading journal articles and writing abstracts is an effective way to improve student reading and writing skills in sedimentology and stratigraphy laboratories. Each student reads two articles and writes informative abstracts from the author's point of view. (PR)

Conrad, Susan Howes

1991-01-01

444

Learning Abstractions for Verifying Data-Structure Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the question of how to create abstractions that are useful for program analysis. It presents a method that refines an abstraction automatically for analysis problems in which the se- mantics of statements and the query of interest are expressed using logical formulas. We present two strategies for refining an a bstrac- tion. The simpler strategy is effective

Alexey Loginov; Thomas Reps; Mooly Sagiv

2005-01-01

445

76 FR 62148 - Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental Justice; Proposed Circular  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FTA-2011-0054; Docket FTA-2011-0055] Title VI; Proposed Circular, Environmental...2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI; Proposed Circular'' and ``Environmental...2011, Federal Register Notices titled ``Title VI; Proposed Circular'' (76 FR...

2011-10-06

446

Energy data base. Serial titles with ISSN listing  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Serial Titles with ISSN Listing is the first revision of DOE/TIC-4579 to include the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) for journals. The TIC journal authority was established to bring about conformity in citing the approximately 16,000 titles contained in this authority. It can prove to be a valuable tool in establishing the precise journal by ISSN and CODEN indication, especially for journals with the same title published in different locations. Serial Titles with ISSN Listing is comprised of two parts. Part 1 is an alphabetical listing by full title of the publication and also includes abbreviated title, CODEN, ISSN, coverage code, and country code. Part 2 is an ISSN-title correlation arranged in numeric order by ISSN and also includes the CODEN and full title.

Hendricks, P.L. (ed.)

1984-03-01

447

32 CFR 644.71 - Final title assembly.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a) Disposition of final title assemblies. The final title opinion and related papers will be forwarded to HQDA (DAEN-REA-P) WASH DC 20314 for review and disposition. In addition, copies of deeds and related papers in acquisitions for...

2013-07-01

448

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2002-03.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The State ESEA Title I Participation Summary Report for 2002-03 summarizes the participation data for the Title I, Part A, Grants to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) program. This program financially assists eligible school districts and schools in providi...

B. Sinclair

2006-01-01

449

Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. This index covers February 1984.

Not Available

1984-02-01

450

Title list of documents made publicly available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

Not Available

1983-07-01

451

Title list of documents made publicly available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

Not Available

1983-02-01

452

Competition between abstraction and exchange channels in H + HCN reaction: Full-dimensional quantum dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Dynamics of the title reaction is investigated on an ab initio based potential energy surface using a full-dimensional quantum wave packet method within the centrifugal sudden approximation. It is shown that the reaction between H and HCN leads to both the hydrogen exchange and hydrogen abstraction channels. The exchange channel has a lower threshold and larger cross section than the abstraction channel. It also has more oscillations due apparently to quantum resonances. Both channels are affected by long-lived resonances supported by potential wells. Comparison with experimental cross sections indicates underestimation of the abstraction barrier height.

Jiang, Bin; Guo, Hua, E-mail: hguo@unm.edu [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

2013-12-14

453

Nitrogen Oxide Air Pollution Studies. A Bibliography with Abstracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTISearch bibliography contains 84 selected abstracts of research reports retrieved using the NTIS on-line search system--NTISearch. The topics covered include sources, control, smog photochemistry, effects, health studies, and abatement policies. (Au...

E. J. Lehmann

1973-01-01

454

Automotive emission standards. (Latest citations from Pollution Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning emission standards and air quality standards applied to automobile emissions. Included are federal and state regulations and policies regarding these emission standards. Techniques to meet emission standards are also addressed, involving fuel injection, catalysts, alternate engines, and automotive fuel refinery operations. Studies concerning implementation of automobile emission standards explore economic and environmental effects, testing and inspection procedures, and the automobile industry point of view. Most of the citations refer to gasoline engines, but a few pertain to diesel and other fuels. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1993-07-01

455

National Assessment of Title I: Interim Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of three documents constituting the mandated Interim Report on the National Assessment of Title I. This Executive Summary describes the studies that comprise the National Assessment of Title I and provides executive summaries of the findings of Volumes I and II. Volume I, Implementation of Title I, focuses on implementation of key…

National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2006

2006-01-01

456

40 CFR 69.32 - Title V conditional exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Title V conditional exemption. 69.32 Section...Northern Mariana Islands § 69.32 Title V conditional exemption. (a) Conditional...implement an operating permit program under title V of the Clean Air Act on the condition...

2013-07-01

457

40 CFR 69.13 - Title V conditional exemption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Title V conditional exemption. 69.13 Section...CLEAN AIR ACT Guam § 69.13 Title V conditional exemption. (a) Conditional...implement an operating permit program under title V of the Clean Air Act on the condition...

2013-07-01

458

TITLE CONFUSION: THE IMPACTOF RESPONSE ERROR ON COMPETITIVE PAIRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been argued that title confusion may profoundly impact the audience estimates of competitive magazines and their respective demographic profiles. Title confusion is a phenomenon that potentially occurs when respondents are uncertain about their readership of magazines, specifically when confronted by similarly titled magazines and\\/or magazines with similar content. This uncertainty, in turn, can lead to misclaiming of readership

Julian Baim; Michal Galin; Martin Frankel; Scott McDonald

459

Title IX: With New Opportunities, Girls' Interest Rises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 23, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon signed into law Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits gender discrimination in any federally financed education program or activity. Title IX is far-reaching, but the law is most often associated with school and college athletics. Title IX allows schools to prove their athletic…

Toporek, Bryan

2012-01-01

460

29 CFR 541.2 - Job titles insufficient.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Job titles insufficient. 541.2 Section 541.2...SALES EMPLOYEES General Regulations § 541.2 Job titles insufficient. A job title alone is insufficient to establish the...

2013-07-01

461

Residential wood and coal combustion. Task 3. Health effects literature search. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is a compilation of titles and abstracts which is the result of a literature search for information on adverse health effects due to air emissions (indoor or outdoor) from the residential combustion of coal and wood. Abstracts are presented alphabetically according to the first author's surname. This search included the files of the Combustion Research Branch, Industrial Environmental

B. Burton; A. Senzel

1984-01-01

462

Pulmonary pathology society biennial meeting abstracts.  

PubMed

Presented here are the Scientific Abstracts from the Biennial Pulmonary Pathology Society (PPS) Meeting, which took place in June 2013 in Grenoble, France. This meeting of pulmonary specialists from around the world was assembled under the direction and leadership of Elisabeth Brambilla, MD, then president of the PPS. All abstracts were reviewed for scientific content by an abstract review committee prior to their acceptance. PMID:24786130

2014-05-01

463

Abstract and concrete sentences, embodiment, and languages.  

PubMed

One of the main challenges of embodied theories is accounting for meanings of abstract words. The most common explanation is that abstract words, like concrete ones, are grounded in perception and action systems. According to other explanations, abstract words, differently from concrete ones, would activate situations and introspection; alternatively, they would be represented through metaphoric mapping. However, evidence provided so far pertains to specific domains. To be able to account for abstract words in their variety we argue it is necessary to take into account not only the fact that language is grounded in the sensorimotor system, but also that language represents a linguistic-social experience. To study abstractness as a continuum we combined a concrete (C) verb with both a concrete and an abstract (A) noun; and an abstract verb with the same nouns previously used (grasp vs. describe a flower vs. a concept). To disambiguate between the semantic meaning and the grammatical class of the words, we focused on two syntactically different languages: German and Italian. Compatible combinations (CC, AA) were processed faster than mixed ones (CA, AC). This is in line with the idea that abstract and concrete words are processed preferentially in parallel systems - abstract in the language system and concrete more in the motor system, thus costs of processing within one system are the lowest. This parallel processing takes place most probably within different anatomically predefined routes. With mixed combinations, when the concrete word preceded the abstract one (CA), participants were faster, regardless of the grammatical class and the spoken language. This is probably due to the peculiar mode of acquisition of abstract words, as they are acquired more linguistically than perceptually. Results confirm embodied theories which assign a crucial role to both perception-action and linguistic experience for abstract words. PMID:21954387

Scorolli, Claudia; Binkofski, Ferdinand; Buccino, Giovanni; Nicoletti, Roberto; Riggio, Lucia; Borghi, Anna Maria

2011-01-01

464

NASA Patent Abstracts October 2006: A Continuing Bibliography. Supplement 67  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several thousand inventions result each year from research supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA seeks patent protection on inventions to which it has title if the invention has important use in government programs or significant commercial potential. These inventions cover a broad range of technologies and include many that have useful and valuable commercial application. NASA inventions best serve the interests of the United States when their benefits are available to the public. In many instances, the granting of nonexclusive or exclusive licenses for the practice of these inventions may assist in the accomplishment of this objective. This bibliography is published as a service to companies, firms, and individuals seeking new, licensable products for the commercial market. The NASA Patent Abstracts Bibliography is an annual NASA publication containing comprehensive abstracts of NASA-owned inventions covered by U.S. patents. The citations included were originally published in NASA s Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports (STAR) and cover STAR announcements made since May 1969. The citations published in this issue cover the period July 2005 through September 2006. The range of subjects covered includes the NASA Scope and Subject Category Guide's 10 broad subject divisions separated further into 76 specific categories. However, not all categories contain citations during the dates covered for this issue; therefore, the Table of Contents does not include all divisions and categories. This scheme was devised in 1975 and last revised in 2005 in lieu of the 34 category divisions which were utilized in supplements (01) through (06) covering STAR abstracts from May 1969 through January 1974. Each entry consists of a citation accompanied by an abstract and, when appropriate, a key illustration taken from the patent or application for patent. Entries are arranged by subject category in ascending order. When available, citations contain a link to the full-text document online. Two indexes, Subject Term and Personal Author, are available within the publication.

2006-01-01

465

Modeling Abstract Behavior: A Dynamic Logic Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling abstract behavior is essential for intelligent agents under incomplete and uncertain environments. In this paper, we extend Propositional Dynamic Logic (PDL) to Propositional Abstract Dynamic Logic (PADL) for modeling abstract behavior in two aspects. On the one hand, we treat the task of finding a plan to achieve a certain formula as an abstract action. On the other hand, we explicitly represent the subsumption relation between two actions as a formula in the language. We propose the semantics for the two operators and discuss some important related properties.

Zhou, Yi; Zhang, Yan

466

Electronic abstract submissions hit record high  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With a new abstract management system nearly on-line and Fall Meeting submissions just behind, it seems like a good time to take a quick look at the history and future of meetings abstract submission. In 1990, in accordance with the Union's commitment to exploit evolving information technology to enhance the quality of programs and services, experimentation began with receiving abstracts electronically—via e-mail. Following this innovation, in 1994, LaTex was used fore-mail submissions. Then, beginning with the 1996 Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, abstract submissions were received through the AGU World Wide Web site.

467

Analysis of complex networks using aggressive abstraction.  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a new methodology for analyzing complex networks in which the network of interest is first abstracted to a much simpler (but equivalent) representation, the required analysis is performed using the abstraction, and analytic conclusions are then mapped back to the original network and interpreted there. We begin by identifying a broad and important class of complex networks which admit abstractions that are simultaneously dramatically simplifying and property preserving - we call these aggressive abstractions -- and which can therefore be analyzed using the proposed approach. We then introduce and develop two forms of aggressive abstraction: 1.) finite state abstraction, in which dynamical networks with uncountable state spaces are modeled using finite state systems, and 2.) onedimensional abstraction, whereby high dimensional network dynamics are captured in a meaningful way using a single scalar variable. In each case, the property preserving nature of the abstraction process is rigorously established and efficient algorithms are presented for computing the abstraction. The considerable potential of the proposed approach to complex networks analysis is illustrated through case studies involving vulnerability analysis of technological networks and predictive analysis for social processes.

Colbaugh, Richard; Glass, Kristin. [New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM] [New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM; Willard, Gerald [Department of Defense, Ft. Meade, MD] [Department of Defense, Ft. Meade, MD

2008-10-01

468

Academic Achievement Differences between Title I Students Enrolled in Music Classes and Title I Students Who Are Not  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to determine academic achievement differences between those Title I students enrolled in music classes and Title I students who are not enrolled in music classes. A second purpose was to determine educators' perceptions regarding the educational justice implications of excluding nonproficient Title I students…

McDaniel, Brian

2011-01-01

469

Titles as Discourse: Naming and Framing Research Agendas as Evident in Theses Titles in 1995-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the discourses of theses titles as postgraduate students name and frame their research. It does this by analysing the discourse, nature and trends of title construction in Master's and Ph.D. research titles 1995-2004 in all universities in South Africa. The dominant discourses are analysed using Foucault's approach to…

Bengesai, A. V.; Goba, B. B.; Karlsson, J.

2011-01-01

470

Title XX and CETA. A Coordination Guide for Title XX Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for the social service (Title XX) administrator at the State or sub-State level, this guide is intended to serve four major purposes: (1) Provide selected insights into what the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) is and how it works; (2) point out potential areas for coordination which, from study or field experience, hold…

Urban Management Consultants of San Francisco, Inc., CA.

471

DOE NABIR PI Workshop: Abstracts 2002  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the NABIR program is to provide the fundamental science that will serve as the basis for the development of cost-effective bioremediation and long-term stewardship of radionuclides and metals in the subsurface at DOE sites. The focus of the program is on strategies leading to long-term immobilization of contaminants in place to reduce the risk to humans and the environment. Contaminants of special interest are uranium, technetium, plutonium, chromium, and mercury. The focus of the NABIR program is on the bioremediation of these contaminants in the subsurface below the root zone, including both vadose and saturated zones. The program is implemented through four interrelated scientific research elements (Biogeochemistry, Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Biotransformation, and Community Dynamics/Microbial Ecology); and through an element called Bioremediation and its Societal Implications and Concerns (BASIC), which addresses societal issues and potential concerns of stakeholders. The material presented at this year's workshop focuses on approximately 60 research projects funded in FY 2000-2002 by DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). Abstracts of NABIR research projects are provided in this book.

Hawkes (Editor), Dan

2002-01-09

472

Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

2010-01-01

473

Abstracts of BESRL Research Publications, FY 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publications abstracted include Technical Research Reports 1156 and 1157, Technical Research Notes 199 through 210, Research Studies 68-4 through 68-6 and 69-1 through 6910, and Research Memorandums 68-8 through 68-13. Included are descriptions of 19 Work Units covering activities reported in the 33 abstracted publications, a list of regular…

Brown, Emma E.

474

Forward And Backward Reasoning In Automatic Abstracting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is devoted to present a new approach to automatic abstracting which is supported by the development of SUSY, an experimental system currently being implemented at the University of Udine (Italy). The original contribution of the research reported is mostly focused on the role of forward and backward reasoning in the abstracting activity. In the paper the specifications and

Danilo Fum; Giovanni Guida; Carlo Tasso

1982-01-01

475

Developing Creativity and Abstraction in Representing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating charts and graphs is all about visual abstraction: the process of representing aspects of data with imagery that can be interpreted by the reader. Children may need help making the link between the "real" and the image. This abstraction can be achieved using symbols, size, colour and position. Where the representation is close to what…

South, Andy

2012-01-01

476

Education Abstracts. Burma. January --April 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 111 abstracts of articles, books, and government publications relating to various areas of education in Burma and published during the period January through April 1970. Abstracts are arranged under the following headings: Education--General, Primary Education, Secondary Education, Higher Education, and Miscellaneous. In…

U Ba

477

Abstractions and implementations for architectural connections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The architecture of a software system shows how the system is realized by a collection of components together with the interactions among these components. Conventional design focuses the components, but the properties of the system depend critically on the character of the interactions. Although software designers have good informal abstractions for these interactions, these abstractions are poorly supported by the

Mary Shaw; Robert DeLine; Gregory Zelesnik

1996-01-01

478

From Operational Semantics for Abstract Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of mechanically constructing abstract machines from operational semantics, producing intermediate-level specifications of evaluators guaranteed to be correct with respect to the operational semantics. We construct these machines by repeatedly applying correctness-preserving transformations to operational semantics until the resulting specifications have the form of abstract machines. Though not automatable in general, this approach to constructing machine implementations

John Hannan; Dale Miller

1992-01-01

479

Fall Meeting Abstracts Set New Record  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the dust had settled after the Fall Meeting abstract deadline on September 10, a new record was set: 4,604 abstracts had been received for the San Francisco meeting. This is a 12% increase over last year, making the 1992 meeting the largest AGU meeting ever held!This follows the success of the AGU Spring Meeting in Montreal, which also broke

Brenda Weaver

1992-01-01

480

Dissertation Abstracts in Mathematics Education, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissertation abstracts in this compilation all appeared in "Dissertation Abstracts International" in 1983. The 300 dissertations cited in the annual listing of research in the July 1984 issue of the "Journal for Research in Mathematics Education" are included, as well as 55 dissertations which were located but could not be included in that…

Suydam, Marilyn N., Comp.

481

Abstracts of Selected Management Training Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for evaluators--whether trainers, psychologists, management consultants or professors--this bibliography samples findings in management training evaluation between 1953 and 1975. It contains 28 abstracts of representative articles from journals in applied psychology and personnel management. Each abstract is a one-half to one-page…

Gast, Ilene

482

Title list of documents made publicly available  

SciTech Connect

The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. This index covers the period from November 1 through 30, 1983.

Not Available

1983-11-01

483

Abstraction and model evaluation in category learning.  

PubMed

Thirty previously published data sets, from seminal category learning tasks, are reanalyzed using the varying abstraction model (VAM). Unlike a prototype-versus-exemplar analysis, which focuses on extreme levels of abstraction only, a VAM analysis also considers the possibility of partial abstraction. Whereas most data sets support no abstraction when only the extreme possibilities are considered, we show that evidence for abstraction can be provided using the broader view on abstraction provided by the VAM. The present results generalize earlier demonstrations of partial abstraction (Vanpaemel & Storms, 2008), in which only a small number of data sets was analyzed. Following the dominant modus operandi in category learning research, Vanpaemel and Storms evaluated the models on their best fit, a practice known to ignore the complexity of the models under consideration. In the present study, in contrast, model evaluation not only relies on the maximal likelihood, but also on the marginal likelihood, which is sensitive to model complexity. Finally, using a large recovery study, it is demonstrated that, across the 30 data sets, complexity differences between the models in the VAM family are small. This indicates that a (computationally challenging) complexity-sensitive model evaluation method is uncalled for, and that the use of a (computationally straightforward) complexity-insensitive model evaluation method is justified. PMID:20479173

Vanpaemel, Wolf; Storms, Gert

2010-05-01

484

Toward Property-Driven Abstraction for Heap Manipulating Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automated abstraction refinement methods have shown significant promise in analyzing low-level software, such as operating\\u000a system device drivers, and other control-oriented codes. For example, the SLAM toolkit from Microsoft research [1] has proved\\u000a effective in finding control errors (such as illegal use of kernel API functions) in real-world device driver codes. SLAM\\u000a is based on predicate abstraction, using a counterexample-based

Kenneth L. Mcmillan

2007-01-01

485

Abstracts of Personnel Research Reports: Vii. 1966.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume includes abstracts of the 20 technical reports issued by the Personnel Research Laboratory in 1966. They cover studies in selection, classification, and utilization of Air Force personnel, systematizing information flow in support of personnel ...

E. Barlow

1966-01-01

486

OIL POLLUTION ABSTRACTS. VOLUME 6, NUMBER 2  

EPA Science Inventory

Oil Pollution Abstracts (formerly entitled Oil Pollution Reports) is a quarterly compilation of current literature and research project summaries. Comprehensive coverage of oil pollution and its prevention and control is provided, with emphasis on the aquatic environment. This is...

487

Fair Model Checking with Process Counter Abstraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parameterized systems are characterized by the presence of a large (or even unbounded) number of behaviorally similar processes, and they often appear in distributed/concurrent systems. A common state space abstraction for checking parameterized systems involves not keeping track of process identifiers by grouping behaviorally similar processes. Such an abstraction, while useful, conflicts with the notion of fairness. Because process identifiers are lost in the abstraction, it is difficult to ensure fairness (in terms of progress in executions) among the processes. In this work, we study the problem of fair model checking with process counter abstraction. Even without maintaining the process identifiers, our on-the-fly checking algorithm enforces fairness by keeping track of the local states from where actions are enabled / executed within an execution trace. We enhance our home-grown PAT model checker with the technique and show its usability via the automated verification of several real-life protocols.

Sun, Jun; Liu, Yang; Roychoudhury, Abhik; Liu, Shanshan; Dong, Jin Song

488

Graphs and Dual Graphs of Abstract Polytopes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A general and convenient framework for investigating the combinatorial structure of simple polytopes is given by a set of three axioms (proposed by G. B. Dantzig) which define abstract polytopes. These axioms are discussed and it is shown that, combinator...

I. Adler

1971-01-01

489

Theories of Abstraction: A Historical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the field of Artificial Intelligencefor theories of abstraction. We identifyseveral unifying themes and argue that, eventhough these theories make different representationalchoices, they are all trying to capture thesame intuitive ideas.

F. Giunchiglia; Irst Trento; Istituto Trentino Di Cultura

1992-01-01

490

On the Compositionality of Round Abstraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revisit a technique called round abstraction as a solution to the problem of building low-latency synchronous systems from asynchronous specifications. We use a trace-semantic setting akin to Abramsky's Interaction Categories, which is also a generalisation of pointer-free game semantic models. We define partial and total correctness for round abstraction relative to composition and note that in its most general case, round abstraction can lead to incorrect behaviour. We then identify sufficient properties to guarantee partially correct composition. Finally, we propose a framework for round abstraction that is totally correct when applied to asynchronous behaviours. We apply this procedure to the Geometry of Synthesis, a technique for compiling higher-order imperative programming languages into digital circuits using game semantics.

Ghica, Dan R.; Menaa, Mohamed N.

491

Introducing Abstraction to Junior High Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests a way to introduce abstract art to junior high school students who, more than students of any other age, emphasize realism both in their artwork and in their appreciation of works of art. (Author/SJL)

Costanzo, Nancy

1981-01-01

492

Hierarchical Surface Abstraction Using Adaptive Mean Shift  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel hierarchical surface abstraction technique based on Mean Shift for 3D shape matching. The automatically generated statistical modes and their associated geometric properties from Mean Shift-based surface analysis are further integrated into an Attributed Relational Graph (ARG). Therefore, the ARG can be used as an abstract represen- tation of the 3D surface object for 3D shape

Chang Liu; Jiaxi Hu; Jing Hua

493

Fall Meeting abstract submission inspires science poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the 4 August deadline for submitting Fall Meeting abstracts passed, AGU had received more than 20,000 abstracts, a record-breaking number. The submission process had an unexpected by-product: It inspired some scientists to write haiku on Twitter. (Haiku is a form of Japanese poetry typically having three lines, the first with five syllables, the second with seven, and the third

Ernie Balcerak

2011-01-01

494

Formal verification at higher levels of abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most formal verification tools on the market convert a high-level register transfer level (RTL) design into a bit-level model. Algorithms that operate at the bit-level are unable to exploit the structure provided by the higher abstraction levels, and thus, are less scalable. This tutorial surveys recent advances in formal verification using high-level models. We present word-level verification with predicate abstraction

Daniel Kroening; Sanjit A. Seshia

2007-01-01

495

Ontology-Driven Visualization of Temporal Abstractions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a conceptual and computational architecture called Knowledge-based Navigation o f Abstractions for Visualization and Explanation (KNAVE). KNAVE is a domain-independent framework specific to the task of interpretation, summarization, visualization, explanation, and interactive navigation in a context-sensitive manner through time-oriented raw data and the multiple levels of higher-level, interval-based concepts that can be abstracted from these data. The KNAVE

Yuval Shahar; Cleve Cheng

1998-01-01

496

Comprehension of concrete and abstract words in semantic dementia  

PubMed Central

The vast majority of brain-injured patients with semantic impairment have better comprehension of concrete than abstract words. In contrast, several patients with semantic dementia (SD), who show circumscribed atrophy of the anterior temporal lobes bilaterally, have been reported to show reverse imageability effects, i.e., relative preservation of abstract knowledge. Although these reports largely concern individual patients, some researchers have recently proposed that superior comprehension of abstract concepts is a characteristic feature of SD. This would imply that the anterior temporal lobes are particularly crucial for processing sensory aspects of semantic knowledge, which are associated with concrete not abstract concepts. However, functional neuroimaging studies of healthy participants do not unequivocally predict reverse imageability effects in SD because the temporal poles sometimes show greater activation for more abstract concepts. We examined a case-series of eleven SD patients on a synonym judgement test that orthogonally varied the frequency and imageability of the items. All patients had higher success rates for more imageable as well as more frequent words, suggesting that (a) the anterior temporal lobes underpin semantic knowledge for both concrete and abstract concepts, (b) more imageable items – perhaps due to their richer multimodal representations – are typically more robust in the face of global semantic degradation and (c) reverse imageability effects are not a characteristic feature of SD.

Jefferies, Elizabeth; Patterson, Karalyn; Jones, Roy W.; Lambon Ralph, Matthew A.

2009-01-01

497

Multi-terminology indexing for the assignment of MeSH descriptors to medical abstracts in French  

PubMed Central

Background: To facilitate information retrieval in the biomedical domain, a system for the automatic assignment of Medical Subject Headings to documents curated by an online quality-controlled health gateway was implemented. The French Multi-Terminology Indexer (F-MTI) implements a multiterminology approach using nine main medical terminologies in French and the mappings between them. Objective: This paper presents recent efforts to assess the added value of (a) integrating four new terminologies (Orphanet, ATC, drug names, MeSH supplementary concepts) into F-MTI’s knowledge sources and (b) performing the automatic indexing on the titles and abstracts (vs. title only) of the online health resources. Methods: F-MTI was evaluated on a CISMeF corpus comprising 18,161 manually indexed resources. Results: The performance of F-MTI including nine health terminologies on CISMeF resources with Title only was 27.9% precision and 19.7% recall, while the performance on CISMeF resources with Title and Abstract is 14.9 % precision (?13.0%) and 25.9% recall (+6.2%). Conclusion: In a few weeks, CISMeF will launch the indexing of resources based on title and abstract, using nine terminologies.

Pereira, Suzanne; Sakji, Saoussen; Neveol, Aurelie; Kergourlay, Ivan; Kerdelhue, Gaetan; Serrot, Elisabeth; Joubert, Michel; Darmoni, Stefan J.

2009-01-01

498

Abstract folding space analysis based on helices  

PubMed Central

RNA has many pivotal functions especially in the regulation of gene expression by ncRNAs. Identification of their structure is an important requirement for understanding their function. Structure prediction alone is often insufficient for this task, due to algorithmic problems, parameter inaccuracies, and biological peculiarities. Among the latter, there are base modifications, cotranscriptional folding leading to folding traps, and conformational switching as in the case of riboswitches. All these require more in-depth analysis of the folding space. The major drawback, which all methods have to cope with, is the exponential growth of the folding space. Therefore, methods are often limited in the sequence length they can analyze, or they make use of heuristics, sampling, or abstraction. Our approach adopts the abstraction strategy and remedies some problems of existing methods. We introduce a position-specific abstraction based on helices that we term helix index shapes, or hishapes for short. Utilizing a dynamic programming framework, we have implemented this abstraction in the program RNAHeliCes. Furthermore, we developed two hishape-based methods, one for energy barrier estimation, called HiPath, and one for abstract structure comparison, termed HiTed. We demonstrate the superior performance of HiPath compared to other existing methods and the competitive accuracy of HiTed. RNAHeliCes, together with HiPath and HiTed, are available for download at http://www.cyanolab.de/software/RNAHeliCes.htm.

Huang, Jiabin; Backofen, Rolf; Voss, Bjorn

2012-01-01

499

Semantic memory: distinct neural representations for abstractness and valence.  

PubMed

The hypothesis that abstract words are grounded in emotion has been supported by behavioral research and corpus studies of English words. A recent neuroimaging study reported that a single brain region, the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC), is responsive to abstract words, and is furthermore modulated by the emotional valence. This finding is surprising because the rACC is not commonly associated with semantic processing. It is possible that the effects observed were driven not by abstractness, but rather by valence, since the abstract words used in that study were significantly more emotional than the concrete words. We tested this hypothesis by presenting participants with words that were abstract/concrete, as well as emotionally valenced/neutral in a 2×2 factorial design. Activations to emotional words overlapped with both abstract and concrete activations throughout the brain. An ROI analysis revealed that the rACC was responsive to valence, not abstractness, when concreteness and valence unconfounded. PMID:24561187

Skipper, Laura M; Olson, Ingrid R

2014-03-01

500

Sulphite Railroad Bridge1896, Title Sheet Sulphite Railroad Bridge, Former ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Sulphite Railroad Bridge-1896, Title Sheet - Sulphite Railroad Bridge, Former Boston & Maine Railroad (originally Tilton & Franklin Railroad) spanning Winnipesautee River, Franklin, Merrimack County, NH