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1

State of the Art in Electronic Dosemeters for Neutrons  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents an overview of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons in mixed neutron/photon fields. The energy response of commercially available electronic dosemeters in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields and their performance in working places is discussed. The response curves are extended to high-energy neutrons up to 100 MeV, new prototype dosemeters are described and discussed especially for use at high-energy accelerators and in space.

Luszik-Bhadra, Marlies [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2011-05-05

2

Personal photon dosemeter trial--Devonport Royal Dockyard.  

PubMed

To establish an understanding of the operational responses of various personal dosemeters employed at Devonport and to assess new types of dosemeters, a photon dosemeter trial was conducted. Most day-to-day exposure is to relatively low dose rates. Therefore the suitability of each dosemeter for use within the relatively low Devonport dose rate environment has been assessed. The Panasonic TLD demonstrated a good representation of the dose within the medium to higher gamma energy ranges with an unexpected under-response at lower energies. The optically stimulated luminescent dosemeter showed a varied response within a degraded (60)Co environment. With consistent under-response, the NRPB TLD and film badge were found to generally be unsuitable for sites such as Devonport. The Harshaw TLD demonstrated a good representation of the dose. The RADOS RAD80 and QFD fail to meet current best industry standards. However, the QFD is the only direct reading dosemeter suitable for use where intrinsically safe equipment is required. The RADOS RAD52 and SAIC PD 2i show a reasonable representation of the dose received but should be adjusted to read within an operational (60)Co environment. Direct ion storage and Thermo [corrected] electronic personal dosemeters showed good representations of the dose. Inherent characteristics combined with the associated systems led to the conclusion that these dosemeters should be employed for preference. PMID:15798276

Collison, Roger

2005-03-01

3

Personal neutron dosimetry in nuclear power plants using etched track and albedo thermoluminescence dosemeters.  

PubMed

Measurement of the personal dose equivalent rates for neutrons is a difficult task because available dosemeters do not provide the required energy response and sensitivity. Furthermore, the available wide calibration spectra recommended by the International Standard Organisation does not reproduce adequately the spectra encountered in practical situations of the nuclear industry. There is a real necessity to characterise the radiation field, in which workers can be exposed, and to calibrate personal dosemeters in order to determine the dose equivalent in these installations. For this reason, we measure the neutron spectrum with our Bonner sphere system and we fold this spectrum with energy-dependent fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients to obtain the reference dose equivalent rate. This reference value is then compared with the personal dosemeter reading to determine a field-specific correction factor. In this paper, we present the values of this field-specific correction factor for etched track and albedo thermoluminescence dosemeters at three measurement locations inside the containment building of the Vandellòs II nuclear power plant. We have found that assigning to each personal dosemeter the mean value of the field-specific correction factors of the three measurement locations, allows the evaluation of neutron personal dose equivalent rate with a relative uncertainty of approximately 25 and 15% for the PADC and albedo dosemeters, respectively. PMID:15353734

Fernández, F; Bakali, M; Amgarou, K; Nourreddine, A; Mouhssine, D

2004-01-01

4

Calibration of personal dosemeters in terms of the ICRU operational quantities  

SciTech Connect

The International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (ICRU) has defined several new operational quantities for radiation protection purposes. The quantities to be used for personal monitoring are defined at depths in the human body. Because these quantities are impossible to measure directly, the ICRU has recommended that personal dosemeters should be calibrated under simplified conditions on an appropriate phantom, such as the ICRU sphere. The US personal dosimetry accreditation programs make use of a 30 {times} 30 {times} 15 cm polymethymethacrylate (PMMA) phantom, therefore it is necessary to relate the response of dosemeters calibrated on this phantom to the ICRU operational quantities. Calculations of the conversion factors to compute dosemeter response in terms of the operational quantities have been performed using the code MCNP. These calculations have also been compared to experimental measurements using thermoluminescent (TLD) detectors.

McDonald, J.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hertel, N.E. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1992-05-01

5

Determination of the response function for two personal neutron dosemeter designs based on PADC.  

PubMed

Since 1998 neutron dosimetry based on PADC (poly allyl diglycol carbonate) is done with a so-called original Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) design at PSI. The original design (i.e. holder) was later changed. Both designs are optimised for use in workplaces around high-energy accelerators, where the neutron energy spectra are dominated by fast neutrons ranging up to some 100 MeV. In addition to the change of the dosemeter design a new evaluation method based on a microscope scanning technique has been introduced and the etching conditions have been optimised. In the present work, the responses obtained with the original and the new dosemeter designs are compared for fields of radionuclide sources and monoenergetic reference fields using the new evaluation method. The response curves in terms of the personal dose equivalent for normally incident neutrons were built as functions of the incident neutron energy. PMID:24179145

Mayer, S; Assenmacher, F; Boschung, M

2014-10-01

6

Evaluation of a personal and environmental dosemeter based on CR-39 track detectors in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields.  

PubMed

In this paper, the evaluation of the dosimetric capability of a detector based on a CR-39 solid-state nuclear track detector coupled to a 1 cm thickness of PMMA radiator was made with the aim of understanding the applicability of this technique to personal and environmental neutron dosimetry. The dosemeter has been exposed to monoenergetic and quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams at PTB in Braunschweig, Germany and at Ithemba Laboratories, in Faure, South Africa, with peak energies ranging from 0.565 to 100 MeV. The results showed a response that is almost independent of the neutron energy in the whole energy range. PMID:24324248

Caresana, M; Ferrarini, M; Parravicini, A; Sashala Naik, A

2014-10-01

7

Improvement and calibration of a SSNT personal dosemeter and study of importance of albedo factor for dose calculation.  

PubMed

The Neutriran albedo neutron dosemeter has been improved and calibrated for neutron personal dosimetry. The Monte Carlo code MCNP4b was used to calculate the thermal neutrons backscattered from the body (albedo factor). Backscattering from the wall, ceiling and floor in calibration room was considered also via simulation by MCNP4C. A semi automated counting system applying a high-resolution scanner was used for counting of tracks. An 241Am source was used to produce similar alpha particles from 10B (n,alpha)7Li reaction for the optimisation of scanner parameters to distinguish and separate the tracks in SSNTD, which lead to a better distinction between etched alpha tracks and, consequently, a higher linear region of dose characteristic. PMID:16980708

Torkzadeh, F; Taheri, M

2007-01-01

8

Numerical and experimental results of the operational neutron dosemeter 'Saphydose-N'.  

PubMed

Since 1993, the Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has lead, in association with Electricité de France (EDF), a R&D study of a neutron personal electronic dosemeter. This dosemeter, called 'Saphydose-N', is manufactured by the SAPHYMO company. This paper presents first the optimisation of some detector components using Monte Carlo calculations, and second the test of the manufactured Saphydose-N under radiation following the IEC 1323 standard's recommendations for active personal neutron dosemeters. The measurements with the manufactured dosemeter were performed on the one hand at PTB (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt) in mono-energetic neutron fields and, on the other hand at IRSN in neutron fields generated by a thermal facility (SIGMA), radionuclide ISO sources and a realistic spectrum (CANEL/T400). The manufactured dosemeter Saphydose-N was also tested during measurement campaigns of the European programme EVIDOS ('Evaluation of Individual Dosimetry in Mixed Neutron and Photon Radiation Fields') at different nuclear workplaces. The study showed that Saphydose-N complies with the recommendations of standard IEC 1323 and can be used at any workplace with no previous knowledge of the neutron field characteristics. PMID:15353645

Lahaye, T; Chau, Q; Ménard, S; Ndontchueng-Moyo, M; Bolognese-Milsztajn, T; Rannou, A

2004-01-01

9

Electronic Travel Aids for Blind Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes four of the most widely accepted and utilized Electronic Travel Aids for blind persons--the Lindsay Russell Pathsounder, the Mowat Sensor, the Sonicguide, and the C-5 Laser Cane. Current uses and applications of the four aids for specific populations of visually impaired persons are discussed. (Author)

Hill, Everett W.; Bradfield, Anna L.

1987-01-01

10

Response of dosemeters in the radiation field generated by a TW-class laser system.  

PubMed

State-of-the-art laser systems are able to generate ionising radiation of significantly high energies by focusing ultra-short and intense pulses onto targets. Thus, measures ensuring the radiation protection of both working personnel and the general public are required. However, commercially available dosemeters are primarily designed for measurement in continuous fields. Therefore, it is important to explore their response to very short pulses. In this study, the responses of dosemeters in a radiation field generated by iodine high-power and Ti:Sapphire laser systems are examined in proton and electron acceleration experiments. Within these experiments, electron bunches of femtosecond pulse duration and 100-MeV energy and proton bunches with sub-nanosecond pulse duration and energy of several megaelectronvolts were generated in single-shot regimes. Responses of typical detectors (TLD, films and electronic personal dosemeter) were analysed and compared. Further, a first attempt was carried out to characterise the radiation field generated by TW-class laser systems. PMID:24563524

Olšovcová, V; Klír, D; Krása, J; Kr?s, M; Velyhan, A; Zelenka, Z; Rus, B

2014-10-01

11

Monte Carlo simulations to study fast neutron real-time personal diamond and silicon dosemeters: Sensitivity calculations and background transparency analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different Monte Carlo codes have been used to study diamond detectors in real-time personal fast neutron dosimetry. Some specific ones include a digital counting processing with an acceptance cut-off set on the detector pulse-height to achieve low dose measurements necessary in personal safety controls. This method is also used to avoid several background contaminations, as, for instance, that of gamma-ray signals in mixed neutron-gamma fields, or that induced by neutrons spallation reactions on the carbon atoms. It is also proposed to extract responses from different neutron energy spectra around power plants or in fusion experiments. Diamond detection efficiencies are calculated for parallel and dispersed mono-energetic neutron beam irradiation between 100 keV and 16 MeV. The interest of many detection channels against response accuracy and background removal is discussed for gamma-ray filters, neutron converters, pulse-height acceptances and sensor properties. In the range from 0.75 to 7 MeV, diamond and silicon based monitors of similar interaction volumes but with different acceptance cut-offs show comparable sensitivities near 2.5 microsievert per pulse with less than 25% maximum response dispersions.

Jung, M.; Morel, J.; Nurdin, G.; Siffert, P.

2007-09-01

12

49 CFR 220.305 - Use of personal electronic devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

49 ? Transportation ? 4 ? 2010-10-01 ? 2010-10-01 ? false ? Use of personal electronic devices. ? 220.305 ? Section 220.305 ? Transportation ? Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) ? FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ? RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS...

2010-10-01

13

Electronic and Personal Health Records: VA's Key to Patient Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The move to electronic and personal health records (PHRs) is being spurred by new incentives offered by President Obama's administration. While the benefits to patients and health care organizations are great, implementation also presents many challenges and pitfalls. This article outlines the types of electronic health records and their uses, barriers to implementation, and issues patients should be aware of

Janet M. Schneider

2010-01-01

14

Policy Name: Policy on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic  

E-print Network

Policy Name: Policy on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, Canada Committee Date of Original Policy: May 24, 1995 Last Updated: November 2013 Mandatory Revision Date: November 2018 Contact: University Secretary Policy: [Note: This Policy replaces the policy known as "Access

Dawson, Jeff W.

15

Private Health Plans Perspectives: Electronic Personal Health Records and Electronic Prescribing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Patients, payers, public health researchers, medical econ - omists, and policymakers have all called for aggressive deployment of information technologies to support the management of health records and prescriptions. In response, payers of all types have been making investments in electronic systems. Objectives: To understand, analyze, and quantify current private payer involvement in electronic personal health records and electronic

Nancy M. McGee; Gene Reeder; Timothy S. Regan; J. D. Kleinke; Steve Arnold

2009-01-01

16

Retrospective dosimetry with alumina substrate from electronic components.  

PubMed

Alumina substrate can be found in electronic components used in portable electronic devices. The material is radiation sensitive and can be applied in dosimetry using thermally or optically stimulated luminescence. Electronic portable devices such as mobile phones, USB flash discs, mp3 players, etc., which are worn close to the body, can represent  personal dosemeters for members of the general public in situations of large-scale radiation accidents or malevolent acts with radioactive materials. This study investigated dosimetric properties of alumina substrates and aspects of using mobile phones as personal dosemeters. The alumina substrates exhibited favourable dosimetry characteristics. However, anomalous fading had to be properly corrected in order to achieve sufficient precision in dose estimate. Trial dose reconstruction performed by means of two mobile phones proved that mobile phones can be used for reconstruction of personal doses. PMID:21964904

Ekendahl, Daniela; Judas, Libor

2012-06-01

17

75 FR 15413 - Approval for Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal Navigation Devices), Fort Worth, Texas Pursuant...adopts the following Order: Whereas, ATC Logistics & Electronics, an operator of Foreign-Trade Zone 196, has...

2010-03-29

18

17 CFR 232.100 - Persons and entities subject to mandated electronic filing.  

...filing. 232.100 Section 232.100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REGULATION S-T-GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR ELECTRONIC FILINGS Electronic Filing Requirements § 232.100 Persons and...

2014-04-01

19

Emergency Dosimetry Using Ceramic Components in Personal Electronic Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid assessment of radiation dose to members of the public exposed to significant levels of ionizing radiation during a radiological incident presents a significant difficulty in the absence of planned radiation monitoring. However, within most personal electronic devices components such as resistors with alumina substrates can be found that have potentially suitable properties as solid state dosimeters using luminescence measurement techniques. The suitability of several types of ceramic-based components (e.g., resonators, inductors and resistors) has been previously examined using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) techniques to establish their basic characteristics for the retrospective determination of absorbed dose. In this paper, we present results obtained with aluminum oxide surface mount resistors extracted from mobile phones that further extend this work. Very encouraging results have been obtained related to the measurement of luminescence sensitivity, dose response, reusability, limit of detection, signal reproducibility and known-dose recovery. However, the alumina exhibits a rapid loss of the latent luminescence signal with time following irradiation attributed to athermal (or anomalous) fading. The issues related to obtaining a reliable correction protocol for this loss and the detailed examinations required of the fading behavior are discussed.

Kouroukla, E. C.; Bailiff, I. K.; Terry, I.

2014-02-01

20

Determination of the calibration factor of polysulphone film UV dosemeters for terrestrial solar radiation.  

PubMed

Polysulphone film is used as a personal UV dosemeter in dermatological or epidemiological studies. The relative efficiency of this detector does not exactly match the action spectrum as proposed by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and to which the UV dose and exposure limits refer. Therefore, the calibration of the dosemeter depends on the spetrum. In the present paper the variation of the calibration factor for terrestrial solar UV spectra is analysed on the basis of a two year observation period at a site near Munich. Germany. A detailed error estimation is included. It is shown that the variation of the calibration factor within this class of spectra is the main contribution to the total uncertainty of the dose determination, which can be up to 40%. The shape of the spectrum of terrestrial solar UV radiation is mainly determined by the total ozone column and the solar elevation angle. It is shown how the calibration depends on these two parameters and how this additional information can help to reduce the measurement error to a residual uncertainty of 17%. Exposure studies of terrestrial solar UV radiation using polysulphone film as a dosemeter would gain in accuracy if total ozone column values at the study's site could be measured or taken from satellite or weather service data. The interpretation of the magnitude of the dose uncertainty depends on the further use of these data. PMID:11707033

Krins, A; Dörschel, B; Knuschke, P; Seidlitz, H K; Thiel, S

2001-01-01

21

Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

1992-01-01

22

Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

1992-08-01

23

Preliminary results on bubble detector as personal neutron dosemeter.  

PubMed

The bubble detector is demonstrated as one of the best suitable neutron detectors for neutron dose rate measurements in the presence of high-intense gamma fields. Immobilisation of a volatile liquid in a superheated state and achieving uniform distribution of tiny superheated droplets were a practical challenge. A compact and reusable bubble detector with high neutron sensitivity has been developed at the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research by immobilising the superheated droplets in a suitable polymer matrix. Two types of bubble detectors have been successfully developed, one by incorporating isobutane for measuring fast neutron and another by incorporating Freon-12 for both fast and thermal neutron. The performance of the detector has been tested using 5 Ci Am-Be neutron source and the results are described. PMID:21217133

Ponraju, D; Krishnan, H; Viswanathan, S; Indira, R

2011-03-01

24

A Desire for the Personal: Student Perceptions of Electronic Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An earlier study conducted into tertiary student perceptions of feedback on their work revealed a mixed response to the idea of electronic feedback. This result was surprising considering the attention given to Generation Y and the preference for digital technology in their lives. This paper reports on the results of a follow-up study exploring a…

Budge, Kylie

2011-01-01

25

Beyond the Electronic Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Web Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic portfolio (e-portfolio) is higher education's new "got to have it" tool--the show-and-tell platform of the millennium. Hundreds of academic institutions are variously studying, using, or innovating e-portfolio systems. Indeed, the current e-portfolio movement is spawning new university committees; on-campus training modules, books,…

Cohn, Ellen R.; Hibbitts, Bernard J.

2004-01-01

26

Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism  

PubMed Central

Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society. PMID:24699375

Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

2014-01-01

27

Use of a dual-labelled oligonucleotide as a DNA dosemeter for radiological exposure detection.  

PubMed

A reporter molecule consisting of a synthetic oligonucleotide is being characterised for a novel damage detection scenario for its potential use as a field-deployable, personal deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) dosemeter for radiation detection. This dosemeter is devoid of any biological properties other than being naked DNA and therefore has no DNA repair capabilities. It supports biodosimetry techniques, which require lengthy analysis of cells from irradiated individuals, and improves upon inorganic dosimetry, thereby providing for a more relevant means of measuring the accumulated dose from a potentially mixed-radiation field. Radiation-induced single strand breaks (SSBs) within the DNA result in a quantifiable fluorescent signal. Proof of concept has been achieved over 250 mGy-10 Gy dose range in radiation fields from ??Co, with similar results seen using a linear accelerator X-ray source. Further refinements to both the molecule and the exposure/detection platform are expected to lead to enhanced levels of detection for mixed-field radiological events. PMID:21335332

Wood, T; Lewis, B J; McDermott, K; Bennett, L G I; Avarmaa, K; Corcoran, E C; Wilkinson, D; Jones, A; Jones, T; Kennedy, E; Prud'homme-Lalonde, L; Boudreau, D; Gravel, J-F; Drolet, C; Kerr, A; Schreiner, L J; Pierre, J R M; Blagoeva, R; Veres, T

2012-01-01

28

Interdisciplinary Design of an Electronic Organizer for Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Because of cognitive problems, it is very difficult for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) to manage their time. Consequently,\\u000a they are dependent on their caregivers or use pen-and-paper organizers, both of which have limitations. A more interesting\\u000a alternative could be an electronic organizer that optimizes the functional autonomy of persons with AD. This article describes\\u000a the development of an electronic

Hélène Imbeault; Hélène Pigot; Nathalie Bier; Lise Gagnon; Nicolas Marcotte; Sylvain Giroux; Tamas Fülüp

29

A Quantitative Exploration of the Relationship between Patient Health and Electronic Personal Health Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of electronic personal health records is becoming increasingly more popular as healthcare providers, healthcare and government leaders, and patients are seeking ways to improve healthcare quality and to decrease costs (Abrahamsen, 2007). This quantitative, descriptive correlational study examined the relationship between the degree of…

Hines, Denise Williams

2009-01-01

30

Multisphere default spectra--solution spectrum and dosemeter response implications.  

PubMed

Initial calibration of a multisphere spectroscopy system has been completed at Los Alamos National Laboratory using four standard calibration scenarios. Spectrum unfolding was performed using three methods of constructing the default spectrum: simple parameter models, Monte Carlo calculations and physical measurement. Comparisons of the resulting spectra for each solution method are presented. Implications of the spectral solutions upon dosemeter characterisation are addressed. PMID:15353707

Mallett, M W; McLean, T D; Olsher, R H; Romero, L L; Seagraves, D T; Devine, R T; Eisele, S L; Hoffman, J M; Murphy, R O

2004-01-01

31

Design and Evaluation of a Protocol to Assess Electronic Travel Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated a protocol that was developed to assess how beneficial electronic travel aids are for persons who are visually impaired. Twenty persons with visual impairments used an electronic travel device (Trekker) for six weeks to conform to the protocol, which proved useful in identifying successful users of the device. (Contains 2…

Havik, Else M.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.; van der Velde, Hanneke; Pinkster, J. Christiaan; Kooijman, Aart C.

2010-01-01

32

Crime Alert -Theft of Electronic Devices & A Personal Safety Reminder To follow up on the UCPD personal safety update sent to the community on the trends involving the theft of  

E-print Network

Crime Alert - Theft of Electronic Devices & A Personal Safety Reminder To follow up on the UCPD personal safety update sent to the community on the trends involving the theft of electronic devices items of high value as you walk in public. **Original Message - Personal Safety Update** Personal Safety

Mills, Allen P.

33

Designing a Service Framework for Electronic Personal Health Records: A Patient-Centred Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increase in diabetes prevalence and the resultant greater demand for diabetes services, together with fewer resources to pay for them, diabetes has become a multi-billion dollar economic burden the world over. Electronic personal health records (ePHRs) have been positioned as transformational agents that facilitate productive interactions between patients and their healthcare providers, and support self-management of chronic diseases

Margaret Leyland

2010-01-01

34

The road to hot electron photochemistry at surfaces: A personal recollection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A very important part of contemporary fs-laser surface photochemistry (SPC) is based on a proposed mechanism in which a laser pulse incident upon an adsorbate-covered surface photoexcites substrate electrons which in turn inelastically scatter from atoms and molecules (chemists may call them ``reactants'') in or on the surface. The present narrative outlines my own very personal SPC saga that began with early exposure to the wonders of and fascination with inelastic resonant electron scattering from gas phase atoms and molecules that dominated the Atomic and Electron Physics activities at NBS (now NIST) in 1968 when I arrived. How this lead to a fundamental understanding of important aspects of SPC is the focus of this essay.

Gadzuk, J. W.

2012-09-01

35

A STUDY OF THE IRRADIATION TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT FOR L-ALANINE AND DL-ALANINE DOSEMETERS  

E-print Network

of the parameters that influence the dosemeter response. The temperature of the dosemeter during irradiation-controlled irradiations; and com- putations from limited data. One influence not explored was the isomeric composition out at CIAE. (The mention of commercial products throughout this paper does not imply recommen- dation

36

A comparison of personal dose equivalent measurements made by personal dosemeters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Individual monitoring services for external radiation were tested in the Czech Republic. The results of the tests show that they are dosimetry systems authorized and regularly tested in the Czech Republic having outliers for low energy region and angle of 50 degree and greater. With the highest probability, it can be stated that the processing equipment does not determine the angle of exposure reliably. These cases may have caused overestimations of Hp(10) in the special conditions occurring e.g. in interventional radiology and cardiology procedures.

Cechak, T.; Davidkova, J.; Kodl, O.; Novacek, P.; Papirnik, P.; Petrova, K.; Prasek, P.; Martincik, J.; Sochor, V.

2014-11-01

37

Challenges to Using an Electronic Personal Health Record by a Low-Income Elderly Population  

PubMed Central

Background Electronic personal health records (PHRs) are increasingly recognized and used as a tool to address various challenges stemming from the scattered and incompatible personal health information that exists in the contemporary US health care system. Although activity around PHR development and deployment has increased in recent years, little has been reported regarding the use and utility of PHRs among low-income and/or elderly populations. Objective The aim was to assess the use and utility of PHRs in a low-income, elderly population. Methods We deployed a Web-based, institution-neutral PHR system, the Personal Health Information Management System (PHIMS), in a federally funded housing facility for low-income and elderly residents. We assessed use and user satisfaction through system logs, questionnaire surveys, and user group meetings. Results Over the 33-month study period, 70 residents participated; this number was reduced to 44 by the end of the study. Although the PHIMS was available for free and personal assistance and computers with Internet connection were provided without any cost to residents, only 13% (44/330) of the eligible residents used the system, and system usage was limited. Almost one half of the users (47%, 33/70) used the PHIMS only on a single day. Use was also highly correlated with the availability of in-person assistance; 77% of user activities occurred while the assistance was available. Residents’ ability to use the PHR system was limited by poor computer and Internet skills, technophobia, low health literacy, and limited physical/cognitive abilities. Among the 44 PHIMS users, 14 (32%) responded to the questionnaire. In this selected subgroup of survey participants, the majority (82%, 9/11) used the PHIMS three times or more and reported that it improved the quality of overall health care they received. Conclusions Our findings suggest that those who can benefit the most from a PHR system may be the least able to use it. Disparities in access to and use of computers, the Internet, and PHRs may exacerbate health care inequality in the future. PMID:19861298

Kim, Eung-Hun; Stolyar, Anna; Lober, William B; Herbaugh, Anne L; Shinstrom, Sally E; Zierler, Brenda K; Soh, Cheong B

2009-01-01

38

Miniature personal electronic UVR dosimeter with erythema response and time-stamped readings in a wristwatch.  

PubMed

Personal ultraviolet radiation (UVR) dosimetry is important because sunlight is the most important risk factor for skin cancer and a risk factor for some eye diseases and immunosuppression and related disorders. Integrating devices, such as polysulphone film dosimeters, are generally used. To measure the exact dose at specific times, we have developed a personal electronic UVR dosimeter that makes time-stamped measurements. It has a sensor with an erythema action spectrum response and a linear sensitivity (dose-response) with no offset. The sensor has cosine response, and the dosimeter can cope with environmental conditions such as rain, temperature and dirt. It can be programmed to measure with different time intervals and save the average of a specified number of measurements in the memory that can store 32 000 time-stamped measurements. It is small (36 x 28 x 13 mm), weighs 14 g and can work for 4 months without maintenance. It is worn on the wrist, is equipped with a watch showing the time and may thus be used in large-scale studies. The sensitivity can change by 10% due to temperature changes from -5 to 40 degrees C. The UVR dosimeter sensitivity is 0.09 standard erythema doses (SED)/h and the difference in total received dose during 7 days between a Solar Light 501 UV-Biometer (186 SED) and our UVR dosimeter was 3% and the median difference in daily total dose was 2.2%. The dosimeter provides unique possibilities. Examples of personal UVR measurements, data calculations and how they can be interpreted are given. PMID:15850424

Heydenreich, Jakob; Wulf, Hans Christian

2005-01-01

39

Personalized Fall Risk Assessment Tool by using the Data Treasure contained in Mobile Electronic Patient Records.  

PubMed

This work presents a novel approach for combining multiple Electronic Patient Records (EPRs) to a self-learning fall risk assessment tool. This tool is used by a new type of home-visiting nurses to track the fall risk of their patients. In order to provide personalized healthcare for elderly people, we combine multiple EPRs using an agent-based architecture, where each patient is represented by an associated agent. The patient agents are enabled to negotiate about possible fallrisk indicators recognized in the specific patient population under care. We use distributed information fusion and opinion aggregation techniques to elaborate new fall-risk indicators and in consequence to adapt the fall risk assessment tool. PMID:25160214

Eryilmaz, Elif; Ahrndt, Sebastian; Fähndrich, Johannes; Albayrak, Sahin

2014-01-01

40

A method for personal expertise-independent evaluation of image resolution in scanning electron microscopy.  

PubMed

The two conventional methods currently employed for the evaluation of image resolution in scanning electron microscopy are the gap method and a fast Fourier transform (FFT) method. These can be highly dependent on personal expertise on the distinction between signal information and noise contained in a micrograph. Hence, the present paper proposes an alternative method (referred to as a contrast-to-gradient (CG) method) that can determine the image resolution of a micrograph without requiring personal expertise on the judgment of noise. The image resolution in the CG method is defined as a weighted harmonic mean of the local resolution, which is proportional to the quotient of the threshold contrast divided by the local gradient. The local gradient is calculated from the quadratic function that best fits the local pixel intensities over 5 x 5 pixels. It has been shown that the CG method, compared with the FFT method, has a broader range of applications for various types of images, such as low-contrast, noise-containing, filter-processed, highly directional, and quasi-periodic feature images. PMID:12166807

Ishitani, Tohru; Sato, Mitsugu

2002-01-01

41

Experience on evaluation of passive neutron dosemeters according to ISO 21909.  

PubMed

This paper presents experience, found problems and lessons learnt during the evaluations of various TLD and CR-39 passive neutron dosemeters according to ISO 21909. Recommendations for the standard, being currently in revision, are also discussed. PMID:24287599

Voytchev, M

2014-10-01

42

1983 ORNL intercomparison of personnel neutron and gamma dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

The Ninth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was conducted during April 19-21, 1983, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dosemeters from 33 participating agencies were mounted on water-filled polyethylene elliptical phantoms and exposed to a range of low-level dose equivalents (0.02-0.45 mSv gamma and 0.49-11.14 mSv neutron) which could be encountered during routine personnel monitoring in mixed radiation fields. The Health Physics Research Reactor served as the radiation source for six separate exposures which used four different shield conditions: unshielded and shielded with steel, steel/concrete, and concrete. Results of the neutron measurements indicate that it is not unusual for dose equivalent estimates made under the same conditions by different agencies to differ by more than a factor of 2. Albedo systems, which were the most popular neutron monitors in this study, provided the most accurate results with CR-39 recoil track being least accurate. Track and film neutron systems exhibited problems providing measurable indication of neutron exposure at dose equivalents of about 0.50 mSv. Gamma measurements showed that TLD and film systems generally overestimated dose equivalents in the mixed radiation fields with film exhibiting significant problems providing measurable indication of gamma exposure at dose equivalents lower than about 0.15 mSv. Under the conditions of this study in which exposures were carefully controlled and participants had information concerning exposure conditions and incident spectra prior to dosemeter analysis, only slightly more than half of all neutron and gamma dose equivalent estimates met regulatory accuracy standards relative to reference values. These results indicate that continued improvement of mixed-field personnel dosimetry is required by many participating organizations. 15 references, 30 tables.

Swaja, R.E.; Sims, C.S.; Greene, R.T.

1985-01-01

43

A comparison of the response of PADC neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields.  

PubMed

Within the framework of the EURADOS Working Group 11, a comparison of passive neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields was organised in 2011. The aim of the exercise was to evaluate the response of poly-allyl-glycol-carbonate neutron dosemeters from various European dosimetry laboratories to high-energy neutron fields. Irradiations were performed at the iThemba LABS facility in South Africa with neutrons having energies up to 66 and 100 MeV. PMID:24298170

Trompier, F; Boschung, M; Buffler, A; Domingo, C; Cale, E; Chevallier, M-A; Esposito, A; Ferrarini, M; Geduld, D R; Hager, L; Hohmann, E; Mayer, S; Musso, A; Romero-Esposito, M; Röttger, S; Smit, F D; Naik, A Sashala; Tanner, R; Wissmann, F; Caresana, M

2014-10-01

44

Quantitative Results Comparing Three Intelligent Interfaces for Information Capture: A Case Study Adding Name Information into an Electronic Personal Organizer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficiently entering information into a computer is key to enjoying the benefits of computing. This paper describes three intelligent user interfaces: handwriting recognition, adaptive menus, and predictive fillin. In the context of adding a person's name and address to an electronic organizer, tests show handwriting recognition is slower than typing on an on-screen, soft keyboard, while adaptive menus and predictive

Jeffrey C. Schlimmer; Patricia Crane Wells

1996-01-01

45

Quantitative Results Comparing Three Intelligent Interfaces for Information Capture: A Case Study Adding Name Information into an Electronic Personal Organizer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficiently entering information into a computer is key to enjoying the benefits of computing. This paper describes three intelligent user interfaces: handwriting recognition, adaptive menus, and predictive fillin. In the context of adding a personUs name and address to an electronic organizer, tests show handwriting recognition is slower than typing on an on-screen, soft keyboard, while adaptive menus and predictive

J. C. Schlimmer; P. C. Wells

1996-01-01

46

32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf . (c) Do not disclose personal information to anyone outside DoD unless specifically authorized by...

2010-07-01

47

Characteristics of personal health records: findings of the Medical Library Association/National Library of Medicine Joint Electronic Personal Health Record Task Force  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The Medical Library Association (MLA)/National Library of Medicine (NLM) Joint Electronic Personal Health Record Task Force examined the current state of personal health records (PHRs). Methods: A working definition of PHRs was formulated, and a database was built with fields for specified PHR characteristics. PHRs were identified and listed. Each task force member was assigned a portion of the list for data gathering. Findings were recorded in the database. Results: Of the 117 PHRs identified, 91 were viable. Almost half were standalone products. A number used national standards for nomenclature and/or record structure. Less than half were mobile device enabled. Some were publicly available, and others were offered only to enrollees of particular health plans or employees at particular institutions. A few were targeted to special health conditions. Conclusions: The PHR field is very dynamic. While most PHR products have some common elements, their features can vary. PHRs can link their users with librarians and information resources. MLA and NLM have taken an active role in making this connection and in encouraging librarians to assume this assistance role with PHRs. PMID:20648259

Shipman, Jean P; Plaut, Daphne A; Selden, Catherine R

2010-01-01

48

PTB intercomparisons of passive H*(10) area dosemeters for environmental monitoring.  

PubMed

For measuring the quantity ambient dose equivalent, H*(10), various passive photon and neutron dosemeters have been newly developed and are used in particular for the monitoring of nuclear facilities in the radiation field of the natural ambient radiation. Since 2005, the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) has been performing intercomparisons to study fundamental properties and the long-term behaviour of area dosemeters under real environmental conditions, i.e. the accuracy of photon and neutron measurements performed in the complex natural radiation field. Measuring bodies from four European countries were the participants, including Germany. The goal was, on the one hand, quality assurance for existing passive dosemeters and measurement procedures and, on the other hand, the experimental investigation of whether the requirements of the appropriate standards and guidelines are met in practical use. PMID:24051174

Dombrowski, H; Neumaier, S

2014-10-01

49

Digital divide: Use of electronic personal health record by different population groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal Health Record (PHR) has been increasingly recognized and actively promoted by the federal government, experts and industry as an important tool for improving healthcare in the U.S. However, the PHR use by patients and its utility have not been studied well. We have evaluated a web-based PHR in multiple locations covering diverse population groups. The study sites included a

Eung-Hun Kim; Yongmin Kim

2010-01-01

50

Neutron dosimetry inside the containment building of Spanish nuclear power plants with PADC based dosemeters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Spanish Nuclear Safety Council (Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, CSN) recommends performing neutron individual dose assignments at workplaces based on ambient dose equivalent measurements using area monitors and by estimating the amount of time that workers spend in the different monitored environments. In addition, some Spanish nuclear power plants estimate the neutron dose equivalent using albedo thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLD). In

M. J. García-Fusté; C. Domingo; K. Amgarou; T. Bouassoule; J. Castelo

2009-01-01

51

Performance characteristics of neutron personnel dosemeters used in the Oak Ridge intercomparison studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide an opportunity for dosimetrists to test and calibrate their neutron personnel monitoring systems, the staff of the Dosimetry Applications Research Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has conducted personnel dosimetry intercomparison studies (PDIS) periodically since 1974. During these studies, neutron dosemeters are mailed to ORNL, exposed to low-level (less than 15 mSv) dose equivalents in a

Swaja

1987-01-01

52

The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

2011-01-01

53

A randomized trial comparing in person and electronic interventions for improving adherence to oral medications in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Poor adherence to medication leads to symptom exacerbation and interferes with the recovery process for patients with schizophrenia. Following baseline assessment, 142 patients in medication maintenance at a community mental health center were randomized to one of 3 treatments for 9 months: (1) PharmCAT, supports including pill containers, signs, alarms, checklists and the organization of belongings established in weekly home visits from a PharmCAT therapist; (2) Med-eMonitor (MM), an electronic medication monitor that prompts use of medication, cues the taking of medication, warns patients when they are taking the wrong medication or taking it at the wrong time, record complaints, and, through modem hookup, alerts treatment staff of failures to take medication as prescribed; (3) Treatment as Usual (TAU). All patients received the Med-eMonitor device to record medication adherence. The device was programmed for intervention only in the MM group. Data on symptoms, global functioning, and contact with emergency services and police were obtained every 3 months. Repeated measures analyses of variance for mixed models indicated that adherence to medication was significantly better in both active conditions than in TAU (both p<0.0001). Adherence in active treatments ranged from 90-92% compared to 73% in TAU based on electronic monitoring. In-person and electronic interventions significantly improved adherence to medication, but that did not translate to improved clinical outcomes. Implications for treatment and health care costs are discussed. PMID:23086987

Velligan, Dawn; Mintz, Jim; Maples, Natalie; Xueying, Li; Gajewski, Stephanie; Carr, Heather; Sierra, Cynthia

2013-09-01

54

AC 2007-833: MOTIVATING STUDENT EFFORT IN ELECTRONICS BY WORKING WITH PROJECTS OF PERSONAL INTEREST  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Students majoring in electrical and computer,engineering are required during their Junior year to take a three-hour lecture course and a two-credit-hour lab course in analog electronics. By the end of the course, students learn the theory and application of such components as diodes, Zener diodes, NPN and PNP transistors, MOSFETs, SCR’s Diacs, Triacs, and optoelectronic devices. This project investigated

Oscar Ortiz; Paul Leiffer

2007-01-01

55

Use of electronic personal health record systems to encourage HIV screening: an exploratory study of patient and provider perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background When detected, HIV can be effectively treated with antiretroviral therapy. Nevertheless in the U.S. approximately 25% of those who are HIV-infected do not know it. Much remains unknown about how to increase HIV testing rates. New Internet outreach methods have the potential to increase disease awareness and screening among patients, especially as electronic personal health records (PHRs) become more widely available. In the US Department of Veterans' Affairs medical care system, 900,000 veterans have indicated an interest in receiving electronic health-related communications through the PHR. Therefore we sought to evaluate the optimal circumstances and conditions for outreach about HIV screening. In an exploratory, qualitative research study we examined patient and provider perceptions of Internet-based outreach to increase HIV screening among veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health care system. Findings We conducted two rounds of focus groups with veterans and healthcare providers at VHA medical centers. The study's first phase elicited general perceptions of an electronic outreach program to increase screening for HIV, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Using phase 1 results, outreach message texts were drafted and then presented to participants in the second phase. Analysis followed modified grounded theory. Patients and providers indicated that electronic outreach through a PHR would provide useful information and would motivate patients to be screened for HIV. Patients believed that electronic information would be more convenient and understandable than information provided verbally. Patients saw little difference between messages about HIV versus about diabetes and cholesterol. Providers, however, felt patients would disapprove of HIV-related messages due to stigma. Providers expected increased workload from the electronic outreach, and thus suggested adding primary care resources and devising methods to smooth the flow of patients getting screened. When provided a choice between unsecured emails versus PHRs as the delivery mechanism for disease screening messages, both patients and providers preferred PHRs. Conclusions There is considerable potential to use PHR systems for electronic outreach and social marketing to communicate to patients about, and increase rates of, disease screening, including for HIV. Planning for direct-to-patient communications through PHRs should include providers and address provider reservations, especially about workload increases. PMID:21843313

2011-01-01

56

A global travelers' electronic health record template standard for personal health records.  

PubMed

Tourism as well as international business travel creates health risks for individuals and populations both in host societies and home countries. One strategy to reduce health-related risks to travelers is to provide travelers and relevant caregivers timely, ongoing access to their own health information. Many websites offer health advice for travelers. For example, the WHO and US Department of State offer up-to-date health information about countries relevant to travel. However, little has been done to assure travelers that their medical information is available at the right place and time when the need might arise. Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) utilizing mobile phones for health management are promising tools both for the delivery of healthcare services and the promotion of personal health. This paper describes the project developed by international informaticians under the umbrella of the International Medical Informatics Association. A template capable of becoming an international standard is proposed. This application is available free to anyone who is interested. Furthermore, its source code is made open. PMID:21849333

Li, Yu-Chuan; Detmer, Don E; Shabbir, Syed-Abdul; Nguyen, Phung Anh; Jian, Wen-Shan; Mihalas, George I; Shortliffe, Edward H; Tang, Paul; Haux, Reinhold; Kimura, Michio

2012-01-01

57

User evaluation of two Electronic Mobility Aids for persons who are visually impaired; a quasi-experimental study using a standardized mobility course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study was conducted to enhance insight into the functionality, usability and efficacy of two systematically selected Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation.Method: Eight persons who are visually impaired participated in a user evaluation of the UltraCane and the Miniguide. The participants' mobility performance was observed while completing a standardized indoor mobility course with their

Uta R. Roentgen; Gert Jan Gelderblom; Luc P. de Witte

2012-01-01

58

User Evaluation of Two Electronic Mobility Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired: A Quasi-Experimental Study Using a Standardized Mobility Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to enhance insight into the functionality, usability, and efficacy of two systematically selected Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation. Eight persons who are visually impaired participated in a user evaluation of the UltraCane and the Miniguide. The participants' mobility performance was observed while completing a standardized indoor mobility course with their regular

Uta R. Roentgen; Gert Jan Gelderblom; Luc P. de Witte

2012-01-01

59

Personality and Personality Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental disorders that most clearly relate to personality are the personality disorders. The purpose of this article is to review the support for the hypothesis that the personality disorders of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) represent variants of normal personality traits. We focus in particular on the efforts to

Thomas A. Widiger; Paul T. Costa

1994-01-01

60

GP connector - a tool to enable access for general practitioners to a standards-based personal and electronic health record in the Rhine-Neckar region.  

PubMed

Electronic health records (EHR) as well as personal health records (PHR) are in widespread use today. Since several years the University Hospital Heidelberg is implementing a so-called personal and electronic health record (PEHR). The joint approach is standards-based and includes several needed services. However a remained unresolved issue is how to connect general practitioners (GP) and their systems to the record. This work describes a tool called GP Connector that provides access for GPs to the PEHR within the law. GPs can profit from all advantages of the PEHR usage. Only adding documents to the record comfortably through standards-based interfaces remains still open. Thus, deep integration of the PEHR into primary systems is preferable anytime. Yet the continuous trend towards multi-institutional health network may also pave the way for standards-based interfaces also in the field of practice management systems. PMID:21893770

Heinze, Oliver; Schmuhl, Holger; Bergh, Björn

2011-01-01

61

Efficiency of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter for low-earth-orbit space radiation.  

PubMed

Chips of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter (RPLG) were used for measurements of space radiation during a 9.8 d Shuttle-Mir mission (STS-91) at an altitude of 400 km and an inclination of 51.65 degrees. Two of RPLG chips were put into each of 59 positions in or on a life-size human phantom. The RPLG values equivalent to 137Cs gamma ray absorbed doses were found to be systematically lower than those of a Mg2SiO4:Tb thermoluminescence dosemeter (TDMS). In comparison with the organ or tissue absorbed dose and dose equivalent values that were estimated using a combination of TDMS and plastic nuclear track detectors, the efficiencies of the RPLG chips were about 80% for the water absorbed dose and about 40% for the dose equivalent. Whereas the percentage values will change during different missions, such additional information obtained from small RPLG chips is useful for improving the reliability of radiation dosimetry in space. PMID:12382940

Yasuda, H; Fujitaka, K

2002-01-01

62

Efficiency of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter for low-earth-orbit space radiation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Chips of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter (RPLG) were used for measurements of space radiation during a 9.8 d Shuttle-Mir mission (STS-91) at an altitude of 400 km and an inclination of 51.65 degrees. Two of RPLG chips were put into each of 59 positions in or on a life-size human phantom. The RPLG values equivalent to 137Cs gamma ray absorbed doses were found to be systematically lower than those of a Mg2SiO4:Tb thermoluminescence dosemeter (TDMS). In comparison with the organ or tissue absorbed dose and dose equivalent values that were estimated using a combination of TDMS and plastic nuclear track detectors, the efficiencies of the RPLG chips were about 80% for the water absorbed dose and about 40% for the dose equivalent. Whereas the percentage values will change during different missions, such additional information obtained from small RPLG chips is useful for improving the reliability of radiation dosimetry in space.

Yasuda, H.; Fujitaka, K.; Badhwar, G. D. (Principal Investigator)

2002-01-01

63

Feasibility of a neutron detector-dosemeter based on single-event upsets in dynamic random-access memories.  

PubMed

The feasibility was investigated of a solid-state neutron detector/dosemeter based on single-event upset (SEU) effects in dynamic random-access memories (DRAMs), commonly used in computer memories. Such a device, which uses a neutron converter material to produce a charged particle capable of causing an upset, would be light-weight, low-power, and could be read simply by polling the memory for bit flips. It would have significant advantages over standard solid-state neutron dosemeters which require off-line processing for track etching and analysis. Previous efforts at developing an SEU neutron detector/dosemeter have suffered from poor response, which can be greatly enhanced by selecting a modern high-density DRAM chip for SEU sensitivity and by using a thin 10B film as a converter. Past attempts to use 10B were not successful because the average alpha particle energy was insufficient to penetrate to the sensitive region of the memory. This can be overcome by removing the surface passivation layer before depositing the 10B film or by implanting 10B directly into the chip. Previous experimental data show a 10(3) increase in neutron sensitivity by chips containing borosilicate glass, which could be used in an SEU detector. The results are presented of simulations showing that the absolute efficiency of an SEU neutron dosemeter can be increased by at least a factor of 1000 over earlier designs. PMID:12382721

Phillips, G W; August, R A; Campbell, A B; Nelson, M E; Price, J L; Guardala, N A; Moscovitch, M

2002-01-01

64

Sun exposure behaviour among subgroups of the Danish population. Based on personal electronic UVR dosimetry and corresponding exposure diaries.  

PubMed

Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is known to be the most important etiological factor in skin cancer development. The main objective of this thesis was to achieve an objective, basic knowledge of the individual UVR exposure dose pattern and to reveal the factors and with which power they influence on the UVR dose among the Danes. Eight open prospective, observational studies and one study analyzing the compliance and reliability of data were performed in healthy Danish volunteers with an age range of 4-68 years. The subjects were chosen to cover an age span group of children, adolescents, and indoor workers and in addition, groups with expected high UVR exposure, sun worshippers, golfers, and gardeners. We developed a personal, electronic UVR dosimeter in a wristwatch (SunSaver). The subjects wore the UVR dosimeter that measured time-stamped UVR doses in standard erythema doses (SED) and completed diaries with data on their sun exposure behaviour. This resulted in corresponding UVR dosimeter and diary data from 346 sun-years where one sun-year is one person participating in one summer half-year (median 119 days). The annual UVR doses were calculated based on the personal and ambient measured UVR doses. We found a huge variation in annual UVR exposure dose within the total population sample, median 173 SED (range, 17-980 SED). The inter-group variation in annual UVR dose was from median 132 SED among indoor workers to median 224 SED among gardeners. No significant correlation was found between annual UVR dose and age either within the total population or among the adults. But the subjects below 20 years of age had an increase in annual UVR dose of 5 SED per year. Young people before the age of 20 years did not get a higher proportion of the lifetime UVR dose than expected (25%) when assuming a life expectancy of 80 years. There was no significant difference in annual UVR dose between males and females in the total population sample. But, among children, girls received a significantly higher UVR dose than boys due to more days with risk behaviour (sunbathing or exposing shoulders outdoors). This exposure pattern, with females having more risk behaviour than males, was also found among adolescents and adults. Sunbathing or exposing shoulders (risk behaviour) outside the beach resulted in a median of 2.5 SED per day in northern Europe and 3.2 SED per day in southern Europe, while the corresponding values were 4.6 SED and 6.9 SED per day at the beach. UVR doses above 10 SED per day were connected with risk behaviour. The subjects had a median of 13 days with risk behaviour (range, 0-93 days). The subjects used sunscreen on a median of five days (range, 0-130 days), but have a median of seven days with risk behaviour without sunscreen applied (range, 0-47 days). They had a median of one sunburn per sun-year (range 0-10). Fifty percent of the UVR dose was received between 12.00 and 15.00. Only the gardeners received the main part of their UVR dose on workdays. Conclusions : - High UVR doses are connected with risk behaviour. Reduction of cumulative lifetime UVR dose could be obtained by minimizing risk behaviour. - Sunburns were highly correlated to risk behaviour. - Use of sunscreen correlated with days "sunbathing with the intention to tan", indicating that sunscreens were used to avoid sunburn during risk behaviour. - Scheduling lunch breaks and other breaks indoors at noon, where ambient UVR peaks, could reduce the occupational UVR exposure significantly. - In the winter-half-year in Denmark. the UVR dose received from solar exposure is negligible and no UVR precautions are needed. This study documented that high subject compliance rate and data reliability could be obtained in long-time UVR dosimeter study as ours by being service minded but persistent, offering dosimeter maintenance service within 24 hours and scrutinizing data for errors and mistakes just after data collection. PMID:18321444

Thieden, Elisabeth

2008-02-01

65

Portable x-ray spectrometer/dosemeter based on a silicon diode  

SciTech Connect

We developed a portable x-ray spectrometer/dosemeter based on a silicon p-i-n diode. The instrument is capable of obtaining spectral information in the region from 18 keV to 150 keV and measuring photon exposures in the region from 18 keV to 1.3 MeV. A theoretical method is described for obtaining a nearly air equivalent response in the energy region above 18 keV. The instrument has a dynamic range for most energies between 0.5 mR/h and 5 R/h. Its small size, ability to provide spectroscopic output, and satisfactory air equivalent response over a wide energy range, make this instrument more attractive than portable ionization chambers.

Eisen, Y.; Olsher, R.H.; Brake, R.J.; Littlejohn, G.J.; Meddles, A.

1987-01-01

66

Track-etch dosemeter response to neutrons up to 300 MeV  

SciTech Connect

Electro-chemical and chemical track-etch dosemeters were obtained from commercial suppliers and exposed to neutrons produced at the LANTF WNR white neutron source at 15{degree} with no shielding and filtered by polyethylene blocks of 2.5, 5.1, 10.2, 20.3 and 40.6 cin thickness. The neutron spectrum was determined using calculations. Mean energies from 28 to 300 MeV were produced. Dose was calculated from the NCRP-38 flux-to-dose conversion. The results are compared with NTA film which was exposed in the same configuration. The response of track etch dosimeters was found to reach a minimum and then rise as the average neutron energy increased. The response of the NTA film increased as the neutron energy increased.

Devine, R.T.; Walker, S.; Staples, P.; Duran, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Mundis, R.; Miller, J. [Science Applications International Corp., Los Alamos, NM (United States)

1996-04-01

67

Photon beam audits for radiation therapy clinics: a pilot mailed dosemeter study in Turkey.  

PubMed

A thermoluminescent dosemeter (TLD) mailed dose audit programme was performed at five radiotherapy clinics in Turkey. The intercomparison was organised by the University of Wisconsin Radiation Calibration Laboratory (UWRCL), which was responsible for the technical aspects of the study including reference irradiations, distribution, collection and evaluation. The purpose of these audits was to perform an independent dosimetry check of the radiation beams using TLDs sent by mail. Acrylic holders, each with five TLD chips inside and instructions for their irradiation to specified absorbed dose to water of 2 Gy, were mailed to all participating clinics. TLD irradiations were performed with a 6 MV linear accelerator and (60)Co photon beams. The deviations from the TL readings of UWRCL were calculated. Discrepancies inside the limits of ±5 % between the participant-stated dose, and the TLD-measured dose were considered acceptable. One out of 10 beams checked was outside this limit, with a difference of 5.8 %. PMID:21362695

Yegingil, Z; DeWerd, L A; Davis, S D; Hammer, C; Kunugi, K

2012-01-01

68

Study of a selection of 10 historical types of dosemeter: variation of the response to Hp(10) with photon energy and geometry of exposure.  

PubMed

An international collaborative study of cancer risk among workers in the nuclear industry is tinder way to estimate direetly the cancer risk following protracted low-dose exposure to ionising radiation. An essential aspect of this study is the characterisation and quantification of errors in available dose estimates. One major source of errors is dosemeter response in workplace exposure conditions. Little information is available on energy and geometry response for most of the 124 different dosemeters used historically in participating facilities. Experiments were therefore set up to assess this. using 10 dosemeter types representative of those used over time. Results show that the largest errors were associated with the response of early dosemeters to low-energy photon radiation. Good response was found with modern dosemeters. even at low energy. These results are being used to estimate errors in the response for each dosemeter type, used in the participating facilities, so that these can be taken into account in the estimates of cancer risk. PMID:12408486

Thierry-Chef, I; Pernicka, F; Marshall, M; Cardis, E; Andreo, P

2002-01-01

69

The Impact of Electronic Bibliographic Databases and Electronic Journal Articles on the Scholar's Information-Seeking Behavior and Personal Collection of "Reprints"  

E-print Network

This article examines the potential changes to the information seeking behavior of scholars and how they manage their own collection of research article “reprints”. With bibliographic databases and electronic journals provided by academic libraries...

McGeachin, Robert B.

2004-01-01

70

Personal Genomics, Personalized Medicine,  

E-print Network

Personal Genomics, Personalized Medicine, & YOU Carrie Iwema, PhD, MLS 21st May 2012 AAAS/Science Translational Medicine panel discussion; MLA 2012 #12;Timeline: Human Genome Sequence HSLS, U.Pitt 1995 2014 2000 2003 2007 2007 2010 Human Genome Draft Sequence Complete Human Reference Genome Individual Human

Napp, Nils

71

History of personal dosimetry performance testing in the United States.  

PubMed

The basis for personal dosimetry performance testing in the United States is ANSI/HPS N13.11 (2001). Now in its third edition, this standard has been in place since 1983. Testing under this standard is administered by the National Voluntary Accreditation Program (NVLAP), and accreditation of dosimetry processors under this program is required by US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) also maintains a testing program for its laboratories and contractors, administered by the Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP). A focus in recent years has been the modification of ANSI/HPS N13.11 to allow acceptance by both testing programs in order to bring harmonisation to US personal dosemeter processing testing. Since there is no type testing program in the US for personal dosemeters, the testing philosophy of ANSI N13.11 has always combined elements of type testing and routine performance testing. This philosophy is explored in detail in this presentation, along with trends in the development of the document to its present state. In addition, a look will be taken at what the future holds for the next revision of the document, scheduled to begin in 2005. PMID:17287202

Soares, C G

2007-01-01

72

Some personal and historical notes on the utility of "deep-etch" electron microscopy for making cell structure/function correlations.  

PubMed

This brief essay talks up the advantages of metal replicas for electron microscopy and explains why they are still the best way to image frozen cells in the electron microscope. Then it explains our approach to freezing, namely the Van Harreveld trick of "slamming" living cells onto a supercold block of metal sprayed with liquid helium at -269ºC, and further talks up this slamming over the alternative of high-pressure freezing, which is much trickier but enjoys greater favor at the moment. This leads me to bemoan the fact that there are not more young investigators today who want to get their hands on electron microscopes and use our approach to get the most "true to life" views of cells out of them with a minimum of hassle. Finally, it ends with a few perspectives on my own career and concludes that, personally, I'm permanently stuck with the view of the "founding fathers" that cell ultrastructure will ultimately display and explain all of cell function, or as Palade said in his Nobel lecture,electron micrographs are "irresistible and half transparent … their meaning buried under only a few years of work," and "reasonable working hypotheses are already suggested by the ultrastructural organization itself." PMID:25360049

Heuser, John E

2014-11-01

73

The Impact of Electronic Mobility Devices for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired: A Systematic Review of Effects and Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic review of the international literature was conducted to investigate the effects and effectiveness of electronic mobility devices. Of the 13 studies that were reviewed, all but one demonstrated effects of the use of these devices, and generally, users evaluated the devices' functionality as beneficial. (Contains 1 table.)

Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; Soede, Mathijs; de Witte, Luc P.

2009-01-01

74

A Study to Determine the Perception of Business Persons on Changing from a Traditional Office to the Electronic Office.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the attitudes of employers from 10 firms in northwest Arkansas toward changing from a traditional office to an electronic one. Even though the 10 employers represented 7 different categories of industry (construction, manufacturing, transportation and public utilities, wholesale and retail trade, finance and real estate, services,…

Ford, Geraldine A.; Ford, Jerry D.

75

Study on the response of thermoluminescent dosemeters to synchrotron radiation: experimental method and Monte Carlo calculations.  

PubMed

In the present study, the energy dependence of response of some popular thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs) have been investigated such as LiF:Mg,Ti, LiF:Mg,Cu,P and CaSO(4):Dy to synchrotron radiation in the energy range of 10-34 keV. The study utilised experimental, Monte Carlo and analytical methods. The Monte Carlo calculations were based on the EGSnrc and FLUKA codes. The calculated energy response of all the TLDs using the EGSnrc and FLUKA codes shows excellent agreement with each other. The analytically calculated response shows good agreement with the Monte Carlo calculated response in the low-energy region. In the case of CaSO(4):Dy, the Monte Carlo-calculated energy response is smaller by a factor of 3 at all energies in comparison with the experimental response when polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) (75 % by wt) is included in the Monte Carlo calculations. When PTFE is ignored in the Monte Carlo calculations, the difference between the calculated and experimental response decreases (both responses are comparable >25 keV). For the LiF-based TLDs, the Monte Carlo-based response shows reasonable agreement with the experimental response. PMID:20308052

Bakshi, A K; Chatterjee, S; Palani Selvam, T; Dhabekar, B S

2010-07-01

76

People maintain their sun exposure behaviour in a 5-7-year follow-up study using personal electronic UVR dosimeters.  

PubMed

The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether people change their sun behaviour over a period of 7 years. Thus 32 volunteers, who had all participated in earlier sun exposure studies in 1999-2001, were enrolled in a follow-up study in 2006. They were selected to represent a previous low, medium and high UVR exposure. They participated for mean 121 days (range 65-157 days) wearing a personal, electronic wrist-borne UVR dosimeter and completed sun exposure diaries. No statistically significant differences were seen from year to year in the estimated annual UVR dose, mean UVR dose per day or mean percentage of ambient UVR. However, there was a person effect showing that participants maintained a high or low UVR dose lifestyle over the years. In 2006 the 32 participants received an estimated annual mean UVR dose of 221 SED and a median dose of 154 SED (range 25-1337 SED), while they received a mean for the previous participation years (1999-2001) of 236 SED (median 153 SED, range 24-980 SED). The estimated annual UVR dose for each of the previous sun years and the estimated annual dose for 2006 correlated significantly (R(2) = 0.51; p < 0.0001). Sun risk behaviour, expressed as days sunbathing, did not change either. The participants thus seem to have maintained their sun exposure behaviour over a 5-7-year period. PMID:22786662

Thieden, Elisabeth; Heydenreich, Jakob; Philipsen, Peter A; Wulf, Hans Christian

2013-01-01

77

Personal monitoring of 218Po and 214Po radionuclide deposition onto individuals under normal environmental exposure conditions.  

PubMed

Personal dosemeters have been utilized to monitor the deposition of the radon decay products 218Po and 214Po onto individuals under normal environmental exposure conditions. Each detector consists of TASTRAK alpha-sensitive plastic incorporated into an ordinary working wristwatch. Subsequent analysis provides energy discrimination of the detected alpha-particle decays, and allows events from the individual radon decay products 218Po and 214Po, attached to the detector surface, to be uniquely identified. Assuming similar deposition onto skin and detector surfaces, the activity per unit area of deposited radionuclides can be determined for exposed skin. Forty-one personal dosemeters were issued to volunteers selected through the hospital medical physics departments at Reading, Northampton, Exeter and Plymouth. Each volunteer was also issued with a personal radon dosemeter to determine their individual radon exposure. The volunteers wore the two dosemeters simultaneously and continuously for a period of around one month. Correlations were observed between the radon exposure of the individual and the activity per unit area of 218Po and 214Po on the detector surface. From these correlations it can be estimated that at the UK average radon exposure of 20 Bq m(-3), the number of decays/cm2/year on continuously exposed skin surface is between 3500 and 28,000 for 218Po, and between 7000 and 21,000 for 214Po. These results can be combined with theoretical modelling of the dose distribution in the skin to yield the alpha-particle radiation dose to any identified target cells. PMID:10495117

Eatough, J P; Worley, A; Moss, G R

1999-09-01

78

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River  

SciTech Connect

Waterborne releases to the Techa River from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949-1956 resulted in significant doses to persons living downstream; the most contaminated village was Metlino, about 7 km from the site of release. Internal and external doses have been estimated for these residents using the Techa River Dosimetry System-2000 (TRDS-2000); the primary purpose is to support epidemiological studies of the members of the Extended Techa River Cohort. Efforts to validate the calculations of external and internal dose are considered essential. One validation study of the TRDS-2000 system has been performed by the comparison of calculated doses to quartz from bricks in old buildings at Metlino with those measured by luminescence dosimetry. Two additional methods of validation considered here are electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements of teeth and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) measurements of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes. For electron paramagnetic resonance, 36 measurements on 26 teeth from 16 donors from Metlino were made at the GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health (16 measurements) and the Institute of Metal Physics (20 measurements); the correlation among measurements made at the two laboratories has been found to be 0.99. Background measurements were also made on 218 teeth (63 molars, 128 premolars, and 27 incisors). Fluorescence in situ hybridization measurements were made for 31 residents of Metlino. These measurements were handicapped by the analysis of a limited number of cells; for several individuals no stable translocations were observed. Fluorescence in situ hybridization measurements were also made for 39 individuals believed to be unexposed. The EPR- and FISH-based estimates agreed well for permanent residents of Metlino: 0.67 +/- 0.21 Gy and 0.48 +/- 0.18 Gy (mean +/- standard error of the mean), respectively. Results of the two experimental methods also agreed well with the estimates derived from the use of the TRDS-2000. For all persons investigated according to each technique, the EPR-measured dose to enamel was 0.55 +/- 0.17 Gy, and the TRDS-2000 prediction for the dose to enamel for these individuals is 0.55 +/- 0.07 Gy. The fluorescence in situ hybridization-based dose, 0.38 +/- 0.10 Gy, compared well to the TRDS-2000 prediction of external dose, 0.31 +/- 0.03 Gy, to red bone marrow for these persons. Validation of external doses at the remaining villages is an active area of investigation.

Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Akleyev, A V.; Jacob, Peter; Ivanov, Denis V.; Wieser, Albrecht; Vorobiova, M I.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shved, Valentina A.; Vozilova, Alexandra; Bayankin, Sergey N.; Napier, Bruce A.

2005-02-01

79

Personality disorders  

MedlinePLUS

Personality disorders are a group of mental health conditions in which a person has a long-term pattern ... Causes of personality disorders are unknown. Genetic and ... a role. Mental health professionals categorize these disorders ...

80

Impact of electronic aids to daily living on the lives of persons with cervical spinal cord injuries.  

PubMed

Structured interviews were used to evaluate the impact of electronic aids to daily living (EADL) on functional abilities and psychosocial well-being. The participants included 32 adults (26 men, 6 women; mean age of 39 years) with cervical spinal cord injuries. The experiences of 16 EADL users were compared with a control group of 16 nonusers, using the Functional Autonomy Measuring Scale, the Lincoln Outcome Measures for Environmental Controls, and the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Devices Scale. Results show EADL users had significantly better performance (p < .05) than nonusers for instrumental activities of daily living and for 75% of 12 daily tasks. Many non-users had hands-free control of phones only, whereas EADL users had control over many other household devices, which optimized their independence. The psychosocial impact of this technology was very positive for competence, adaptability, and self-esteem. In conclusion, functional abilities were greater for a variety of daily tasks, and psychosocial impact was positive when EADLs were used. PMID:16392713

Rigby, Patricia; Ryan, Stephen; Joos, Shone; Cooper, Barbara; Jutai, Jeffrey W; Steggles, Iielizabeth

2005-01-01

81

Personality Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses. They involve long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors ... serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with everyday stresses and ...

82

Personal space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews major findings of personal-space research in clinical psychology, personality, demographic studies (including sex, age, cross-cultural studies), and studies of the effects of familiarity and affinity. The substantial lack of consistent findings in the literature is attributed to the lack of experimental controls in most of the personal-space research. It is suggested that researchers explore personal space using multivariate techniques.

Gary W. Evans; Roger B. Howard

1973-01-01

83

[Personal identity and multiple personality].  

PubMed

The present study analyses the internal organization of self concepts in a woman who meets the DSM III criteria of multiple personality disorder. The aim of this single case study, was to assess the personal identity of this patient, the degree of internal coherence and the hierarchical structure of the descriptions of self and others in the frame of cognitive theories of personality. After the clinical observation, the experimental procedure is presented. It consists in asking the patient to describe her different roles or alternated personalities (N = 12), as well as the target persons of her familial and social environment (N = 8) on the basis of a preestablished list of adjectives (extracted from the 16 P.F. Cattell sphere of personality). The factorial analysis of the contingency table: traits attributed x persons described shows a Guttman like hierarchical structure. Similarities and differences between the descriptions can be ordered on a unidimensional order, the multiple roles or personalities being no more complex nor simple than the target persons. The present results have been discussed in reference to cognitive theories of personality and their utility in studying personal identity and multiple personality. PMID:3223683

de Bonis, M; Charlot, V; Hardy, P; Féline, A

1988-01-01

84

Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

By empowering consumers, electronic personal health records (ePHRs, more commonly PHRs) will play a key role in the evolving electronically enabled health information environment. Consumers want to be more engaged in their own healthcare and are seeking out information online. Despite intense concerns about confidentiality and security, they have high expectations for electronic health information.The growth of patient self- management

Marion J. Ball; Carla Smith; Richard S. Bakalar

85

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River  

SciTech Connect

Waterborne releases from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949–1956 resulted in significant doses to persons living downstream; the most contaminated village was Metlino about 7 km downstream. Internal and external doses have been estimated for these residents using the Techa River Dosimetry System–2000; the primary purpose is to support epidemiological studies of the members of the Extended Techa River Cohort (ETRC). Efforts to validate the calculations of external and internal dose are considered essential. Two methods used for the validation of external dose are electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements of teeth and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) measurements of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes. For EPR, 36 measurements on 26 teeth from 16 donors from Metlino were made at the GSF (16 measurements) and the IMP (20 measurements); the correlation between measurements made at the two laboratories has been found to be 0.99. Background measurements were also made on 218 teeth (63 molars, 128 premolars, and 27 incisors). FISH measurements were made for 31 residents of Metlino at the GSF. These measurements were handicapped by the analysis of a limited number of cells; for several individuals no stable translocations were observed. FISH measurements were also made for 39 individuals believed to be unexposed. The majority of EPR-measurement results fell within the range of 70 to 2700 mGy (including background). The results of FISH-based measurements fell within the range of nondetectable to 2 Gy (background subtracted). The results of individual measurements using EPR and FISH methods were generally consistent with each other and with results of other assays, including thermoluminescent measurements of quartz extracted from bricks taken from old buildings. Results were also consistent with those estimated with the TRDS-2000. Thus, the limited sets of data currently available tend to validate the present calculations of external dose for members of the ETRC. However, more validation work is considered essential to the credibility of the dose calculations being made with the TRDS-2000.

Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Akleyev, A. V.; Jacob, Peter; Ivanov, Denis V.; Wieser, Albrecht; Vorobiova, M. I.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shved, Valentina A.; Vozilova, Alexandra; Bayankin, Sergey N.; Napier, Bruce A.

2005-02-01

86

Research Staff Openings: Plasmonic Effects on Organic Devices Contact Person: Dr. Wallace C.H. Choy, Department of Electrical and Electronic  

E-print Network

Research Staff Openings: Plasmonic Effects on Organic Devices Contact Person: Dr. Wallace C.H. Choy relevant fields. How to apply? Please submit CV with current photo and research proposal to Dr. Wallace

Leung, Ka-Cheong

87

Personal Pronouns Personal Pronouns [viwakilishi nafsi  

E-print Network

Lesson 4: Personal Pronouns Personal Pronouns [viwakilishi nafsi] There are three personal pronouns in Swahili: A). First person pronoun B). Second person pronoun C). Third person pronoun Each personal pronoun has a singular and a plural form. A). First Person Pronoun Umoja [singular

88

Mystery Person  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features a mathematical game called "Mystery Person." The author describes how the Mystery Person game was tried with first-graders [age 6]. The Mystery games involve the generation of key questions, the coordination of information--often very complex information--and the formulation of consequences based on this coordination.…

O'Brien, Tom

2011-01-01

89

Personal Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter presents four articles designed to help business educators educate learners in grades K-12 about personal finance. "Now More Than Ever: The Need for Financial Literacy" examines the following topics: evidence that the United States is becoming a nation of debtors; the plummeting personal savings rate; the increasing complexity of…

Wagner, June G.

2003-01-01

90

Personal Information Request Request for Personal Information  

E-print Network

Personal Information Request Request for Personal Information Request for Correction of Personal Information Personal information on this form is collected under Newfoundland and Labrador's Access to, your personal information. (See attached instructions) 1. To Which Public Body Are You Making

deYoung, Brad

91

Development of a fibre-optic dosemeter to measure the skin dose and percentage depth dose in the build-up region of therapeutic photon beams.  

PubMed

In this study, a fibre-optic dosemeter (FOD) using an organic scintillator with a diameter of 0.5 mm for photon-beam therapy dosimetry was fabricated. The fabricated dosemeter has many advantages, including water equivalence, high spatial resolution, remote sensing and real-time measurement. The scintillating light generated from an organic-dosemeter probe embedded in a solid-water stack phantom is guided to a photomultiplier tube and an electrometer via 20 m of plastic optical fibre. Using this FOD, the skin dose and the percentage depth dose in the build-up region according to the depths of a solid-water stack phantom are measured with 6- and 15-MV photon-beam energies with field sizes of 10 × 10 and 20 × 20 cm(2), respectively. The results are compared with those measured using conventional dosimetry films. It is expected that the proposed FOD can be effectively used in radiotherapy dosimetry for accurate measurement of the skin dose and the depth dose distribution in the build-up region due to its high spatial resolution. PMID:22764176

Kim, K-A; Yoo, W J; Jang, K W; Moon, J; Han, K-T; Jeon, D; Park, J-Y; Cha, E-J; Lee, B

2013-03-01

92

Personal Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the hardware, software, applications, and current proliferation of personal computers (microcomputers). Includes discussions of microprocessors, memory, output (including printers), application programs, the microcomputer industry, and major microcomputer manufacturers (Apple, Radio Shack, Commodore, and IBM). (JN)

Toong, Hoo-min D.; Gupta, Amar

1982-01-01

93

EMPLOYEE PERSONAL DATA FORM For initial hires, the EPDF (Employee Personal Data Form) must accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment.  

E-print Network

accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment. The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center is an equal opportunity affirmative action employer maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community attachment. VETERAN STATUS Mark

Oklahoma, University of

94

EMPLOYEE PERSONAL DATA FORM For initial hires, the EPDF (Employee Personal Data Form) must accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment.  

E-print Network

accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment. The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center is an equal opportunity affirmative action employer affiliation or community attachment. VETERAN STATUS Mark all that apply: BY SIGNING THIS DOCUMENT, I affirm

Oklahoma, University of

95

Published in: The Fourth International Conference on Electronic Commerce Research (ICECR-4) Dallas, TX, USA, November 2001 Personal Information Management and Distribution  

E-print Network

personal data in the digital world then this information is lost. Even though this was also true and automatically analyzed in seconds. The more information you give the more privacy is lost. This scenario may are good for sales promotions (e.g. Earthlink). 2. The privacy policies of companies are no longer just

96

`Minting' electronic cash  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic equivalents of traditional cash payment systems are being launched worldwide. Electronic cash can combine the benefits of traditional cash with those of payment by debit and credit card, while circumventing both their shortcomings. As with traditional cash, electronic cash should have high acceptability and be suitable for low value payment from person to person. With the possible exception of

D. Chaum; S. Brands

1997-01-01

97

Alarm inhalation dosemeter for long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release  

SciTech Connect

MyRIAM is the acronym for My Radioactivity In Air Monitor and points out that the device was designed for personal use to detect any radioactivity in the air at the place and at the moment of danger. The active air sampling process enables a detection limit several orders of magnitude below that of Gamma detectors. Therefore, it is the unique way to detect dangerous exposures in time.Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust (LLRD) saves human life and health. LLRD may occur in natural environment as well as in case of nuclear accidence or military and terrorist attacks. But in any case, the immediate warning of the population is of great importance. Keep in mind: it is very easy to avoid LLRD inhalation--but you have to recognize the imminent danger. The second requirement of gap-less documentation and reliable assessment of any derived LLRD exposure is building the link to Dosimetry applications.The paper demonstrates the possibility to design small and low cost air samplers, which can be used as personal alarm dosimeters and fulfil the requirements mentioned above.Several test measurements taken by a mobile phone sized MyRIAM, shall be used to demonstrate the correctness of this statement.

Streil, T.; Oeser, V. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Rambousky, R.; Buchholz, F. W. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Armed Forces Scientific Institute for Protection Technologies-NBC Protection PO.Box 1142, 29633 Munster (Germany)

2008-08-07

98

Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Activity: You are going to develop a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father responds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Teaching Emphasis (Core) I cannot use any language that describes to you what a revelation is. Somebody said, How can I tell if I have a revelation? I have had a feeling that such and such is true. How can I be sure? ...Revelation is something you experience, and the way that ...

Vasas, Brother

2008-10-15

99

Personal Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of the Marine Corps Institute (MCI) correspondence training program, this course on personal finance is designed to provide all Marines with the ability to manage their financial affairs successfully. Introductory materials include specific information for MCI students, a course introduction, and a study guide (guidelines to…

Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

100

Person Perception and Personality Pathology  

PubMed Central

Studies of person perception (people's impressions and beliefs about others) have developed important concepts and methods that can be used to help improve the assessment of personality disorders. They may also inspire advances in our knowledge of the nature and origins of these conditions. Information collected from peers and other types of informants is reliable and provides a perspective that often differs substantially from that obtained using questionnaires and interviews. For some purposes, this information is quite useful. Much remains to be learned about the incremental validity (and potential biases) associated with data from various kinds of informants. PMID:20539833

Oltmanns, Thomas F.; Turkheimer, Eric

2010-01-01

101

Short communication The low energy X-ray response of the LiF:Mg:Cu:P thermoluminescent dosemeter: a comparison with LiF:Mg:Ti  

Microsoft Academic Search

LiF:Mg:Cu:P thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLD) can be used for the same X-ray dosimetry applications as LiF:Mg:Ti, with each type having the disadvantage of a response dependent on energy, particularly at low energies. Measurements were made of the response per unit air kerma of LiF:Mg:Cu:P and LiF:Mg:Ti to nine quasi-monoenergetic X-ray beams with mean energies from 12 keV to 208 keV. Each

C R EDWARDS; P J MOUNTFORD; J E PALETHORPE; A J MOLONEY

102

Personality Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality disorders (PDs) represent some of the most insidious and challenging psychiatric conditions that clinicians encounter,\\u000a and often create unwarranted and unwanted conflicts in clinical settings. The reasons for these conflicts lie at the core\\u000a of the PD pathology, namely, a fundamental impairment in interpersonal relationships that leads to a variety of maladaptive,\\u000a inappropriate, or outrageous behaviors that the affected

Marc E. Agronin

103

What Do You Mean, ‘Is It Secure?’ Redesigning Language to be Fit for the Task of Assessing the Security of Domestic and Personal Electronic Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project MARC aimed to develop a mechanism to assess the risk of theft of consumer electronic products, and their corresponding\\u000a security; and to devise an operational scheme for EU level to influence manufacturers to make their products less criminogenic.\\u000a The project encountered serious difficulties in the assessment process due, among other things, to limitations of concepts\\u000a and terminology. This paper

Paul Ekblom; Aiden Sidebottom

2008-01-01

104

Biobanks and personalized medicine.  

PubMed

We provide a mini-review of how biobanks can support clinical genetics in the era of personalized medicine. We discuss types of biobanks, including disease specific and general biobanks not focused on one disease. We present considerations in setting up a biobank, including consenting and governance, biospecimens, risk factor and related data, informatics, and linkage to electronic health records for phenotyping. We also discuss the uses of biobanks and ongoing considerations, including genotype-driven recruitment, investigations of gene-environment associations, and the re-use of data generated from studies. Finally, we present a brief discussion of some of the unresolved issues, such as return of research results and sustaining biobanks over time. In summary, carefully designed biobanks can provide critical research and infrastructure support for clinical genetics in the era of personalized medicine. PMID:24588254

Olson, J E; Bielinski, S J; Ryu, E; Winkler, E M; Takahashi, P Y; Pathak, J; Cerhan, J R

2014-07-01

105

Personal Timeline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this homework assignment, students have to draw two scaled timelines. The first is a personal timeline. They need to come up with the events themselves, an easy task that will build confidence for student who are intimidated by science and math. Following guidelines, they decide on a scale, and draw a linear timeline on which they plot their chosen events. Most students will primarily include recent events. They are asked to identify and explain any patterns in their timeline. Students should note the clustering at the present, and describe the emphasis on the present as resulting from memory, relevance to future hopes and worries, etc. The second timeline is more traditional. The students are given 16 Earth history events with dates and asked to draw another timeline, using the procedure from the personal timeline, but the line is already drawn for them. They will probably recognize most of the events on the list, and will be keeping them in order and spacing them out on the timeline. They are once again asked to identify and explain patterns and should recognize the emphasis on the present. This time, availability of fossils/rocks and relevance to current conditions and problems are good answers.

Teed, Rebecca

106

Thermoluminescence solid-state nanodosimetry--the peak 5A/5 dosemeter  

PubMed Central

The shape of composite peak 5 in the glow curve of LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) following 90Sr/90Y beta irradiation, previously demonstrated to be dependent on the cooling rate used in the 400°C pre-irradiation anneal, is shown to be dependent on ionisation density in both naturally cooled and slow-cooled samples. Following heavy-charged particle high-ionisation density (HID) irradiation, the temperature of composite peak 5 decreases by ?5°C and the peak becomes broader. This behaviour is attributed to an increase in the relative intensity of peak 5a (a low-temperature satellite of peak 5). The relative intensity of peak 5a is estimated using a computerised glow curve deconvolution code based on first-order kinetics. The analysis uses kinetic parameters for peaks 4 and 5 determined from ancillary measurements resulting in nearly ‘single-glow peak’ curves for both the peaks. In the slow-cooled samples, owing to the increased relative intensity of peak 5a compared with the naturally cooled samples, the precision of the measurement of the 5a/5 intensity ratio is found to be ?15 % (1 SD) compared with ?25 % for the naturally cooled samples. The ratio of peak 5a/5 in the slow-cooled samples is found to increase systematically and gradually through a variety of radiation fields from a minimum value of 0.13±0.02 for 90Sr/90Y low-ionisation density irradiations to a maximum value of ?0.8 for 20 MeV Cu and I ion HID irradiations. Irradiation by low-energy electrons of energy 0.1–1.5 keV results in values between 1.27 and 0.95, respectively. The increasing values of the ratio of peak 5a/5 with increasing ionisation density demonstrate the viability of the concept of the peak 5a/5 nanodosemeter and its potential in the measurement of average ionisation density in a ‘nanoscopic’ mass containing the trapping centre/luminescent centre spatially correlated molecule giving rise to composite peak 5. PMID:21149323

Fuks, E.; Horowitz, Y. S.; Horowitz, A.; Oster, L.; Marino, S.; Rainer, M.; Rosenfeld, A.; Datz, H.

2011-01-01

107

Electronic Homework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Electronic Homework assistant system is composed of two components: the Computer Tutor and the Homework Administrator. The Computer Tutor is an intelligent tutoring system that can provide personal assistance like supplying hints, checking errors, providing remediation and prioritizing problems. The Homework Administrator is a teacher's…

Lee, Fong-lok; Heyworth, Rex M.

108

Borderline Personality  

PubMed Central

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD) IS A COMPLEX AXIS II Phenomenon that is typically described in a psychological or psychiatric context. In this article, we translate the various aspects of BPD to the primary care setting. Previous work in this area has explored specific relationships between BPD and individual medical disorders or between BPD and general somatic symptoms, but the synthesis of these findings and their augmentation with cogent psychological theory is new to the field. Specifically, we highlight the prevalence rate of BPD in the primary care setting, the effects on healthcare utilization, the themes of somatic preoccupation and somatization disorder, several medical syndromes that illustrate the dynamics of the disorder in the medical setting, and the relationship of BPD to disability. We believe that the BPD concept needs to extend beyond its traditional psychological/psychiatric borders to include the subset of BPD patients with somatic symptoms who are seen in primary care settings. PMID:21197375

Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

2004-01-01

109

Personality and eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives of review. This chapter reviews research findings from 2005 and 2006 regarding dimensional personality traits, categorical personality disorders and dimensional personality pathology, and categorical person- ality subtypes in eating disorders. Summary of recent findings. Approaches linking specific personality traits to eating pathology have demonstrated the predictive validity of perfec- tionism and impulsiveness. Impulsive behaviors are associated with com- pulsivity

Kristin M von Ranson

110

Can computer personalities be human personalities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study demonstrates that (1) computer personalities can be easily created using a minimal set of cues, and (2) that people will respond to these personalities in the same way they would respond to similar human personalities. The present study focuses on the “simikirityattraction hypothesis,” which predicts that people will prefer to interact with others who are similar in

Clifford Nass; Youngme Moon; B. J. Fogg; Byron Reeves; Chris Dryer

1995-01-01

111

Antisocial personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Antisocial personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, ... Cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown. Genetic ... as child abuse, are believed to contribute to the development ...

112

Personality and Alzheimer's Risk  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Related MedlinePlus Pages Alzheimer's Disease Mental Health Women's Health Transcript Can personality influence a person’s risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease? That’s a question researchers ...

113

Dependent personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Dependent personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional ... Cause of dependent personality disorder is unknown. The disorder usually ... is one of the most common personality disorders and is ...

114

A prototype electronic encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

1985-01-01

115

Paranoid personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Personality disorder - paranoid ... Cause of paranoid personality disorder is unknown. The disorder appears to be more common in families with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and delusional ...

116

A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have begun the development of a new robotic pet that can support children in the storytelling process. Children can build their own pet by snapping together the modular animal parts of the PETS robot. After their pet is built, children can tell stories using the My Pets software. These stories can then be acted out by their robotic pet.

Allison Druin; Jaime Montemayor; Jim Hendler; Britt McAlister; Angela Boltman; Eric Fiterman; Aurelie Plaisant; Alex Kruskal; Hanne Olsen; Isabella Revett; Thomas Plaisant Schwenn; Lauren Sumida; Rebecca Wagner

117

Depressive personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the theoretical construct of depressive personality disorder and its related research. The history of depressive personality disorder is reviewed. It is concluded that differing theories converge on similar descriptions and mechanisms of development for the depressive personality disorder. Substantial empirical work supports the diagnostic distinctiveness of depressive personality disorder in clinical populations. Past and current assessment devices

Steven K. Huprich

1998-01-01

118

Calibration of an eye lens dosemeter in terms of Hp(3) to be used in interventional radiology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the International Commission on Radiological Protection has reviewed epidemiological evidences suggesting that there were tissue reaction effects in the eye lens below the previously considered absorbed dose threshold. A new statement related to the eye lens was issued that changed the absorbed dose threshold and reduced the dose limits for occupationally exposed persons. As consequence, some planned exposures require eye lens dosimetry and a debate was raised on the adequacy of the dosimetric quantity and on its method of measurement. The aim of this work was to study the methodology for calibrating the EYE-DTM holder with a TLD-100H Harshaw chip detector and to determine its angular and energy dependences in terms of personal dose equivalent, Hp(3).

Borges, F. L. S.; Guimarães, M. C.; Da Silva, T. A.; Nogueira Tavares, M. S.

2014-11-01

119

AIR TOXICS EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRONICS INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this project is to examine the emissions of air toxics from the combustion of electronics equipment, primarily personal computer components. Due to a shortage of recycling programs for personal computers and other personal electronics equipment, most of these mate...

120

41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...inspection of the personal property to be sold? Yes...an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...circumstances prohibiting physical inspection, you...Regional Personal Property Office in...

2011-01-01

121

41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inspection of the personal property to be sold? Yes...an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...circumstances prohibiting physical inspection, you...Regional Personal Property Office in...

2013-07-01

122

41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...inspection of the personal property to be sold? Yes...an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...circumstances prohibiting physical inspection, you...Regional Personal Property Office in...

2012-01-01

123

41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inspection of the personal property to be sold? Yes...an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...circumstances prohibiting physical inspection, you...Regional Personal Property Office in...

2010-07-01

124

Personal identity, multiple personality, and hypnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of multiple personality ia critically examined in the light of its historical development. Various conceptions of multiple personality are considered: aa a diagnostic fashion; aa a product of shaping in therapy; as a product of hypnotic suggestion; as simulation; and aa an extension of characteristica found in “normal” personslitiea. These considerations lead to the conclusion that the significant

J. P. Sutcliffe; Jean Jones

1962-01-01

125

Early Experiences with Personal Health Records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical

JOHN D. HALAMKA; KENNETH D. MANDL; PAUL C. TANG

2008-01-01

126

Conceptions of Personality Disorders and Dimensions of Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differing conceptions of personality disorders inherent in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Personality Disorder Scales and the Personality Adjective Checklist were evaluated within the context of the circumplex model of interpersonal behavior and the 5-factor model of personality in a sample of 581 university students. Conceptions of personality disorders were strongly and clearly related to dimensions of normal personality traits.

Jerry S. Wiggins; Aaron L. Pincus

1989-01-01

127

Persons, imposters, and monsters  

E-print Network

This dissertation is about person features, their representation and interpretation in natural language. I will argue that there are several ways in which person features can be represented and interpreted. Most importantly, ...

Podobryaev, Alexander

2014-01-01

128

Avoidant personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Without treatment, a person with avoidant personality disorder may lead a life of near or total isolation. They may go on to develop a second mental health disorder such as substance abuse or a mood disorder such as depression.

129

Schizotypal personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... have depression. A second personality disorder, such as paranoid personality disorder, is also common. Common signs of ... of risk, such as a family history of schizophrenia, may allow early diagnosis.

130

Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and Personality Development  

PubMed Central

In this essay I consider the future of personality development in light of the past effects of Personality and Assessment on the field of personality in general and personality development in particular. The essay is organized around 1) the effect of Mischel's book on the foundational theories informing personality development; 2) definitions of personality traits; 3) an alternative model of personality traits, described as the sociogenomic model of personality traits, that can bridge the divide that still characterizes the field of personality development; 4) the application of the sociogenomic model of personality traits to issues of personality trait development, and 5) a “Newtonian” vision for the future of personality psychology. PMID:20161194

Roberts, Brent W.

2009-01-01

131

Design and implementation of an electronic special interest magazine  

E-print Network

Electronic publishing has been established as a unique means for providing information in an interactive and personalized manner. Although scholarly journals have been published electronically, large circulation magazines ...

Salomon, Gitta B

1986-01-01

132

Personality and Sexual Orientation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bases for individual acceptance and cultural integration of gays and lesbians were investigated by assessing qualities of personality among four participant groups: Heterosexual females, heterosexual males, homosexual females, and homosexual males. Personality was operationally defined as personal qualities and characteristics associated with…

Harris, Charles M.

2004-01-01

133

PERSONAL DATA : / / (Attach Photo)  

E-print Network

PERSONAL DATA : / / (Attach Photo) Passport / Please fill out in English Passport No Issued /TEL: /Mail : Spouse No Yes residing in Japan Not residing in Japan #12;PERSONAL DATA : / / Contact person & address in your country / Please fill out in English Name Relationship with you

Ejiri, Shinji

134

Online personals: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online personal advertisements have recently become an easy, socially acceptable way to meet partners for dates or relationships. Because popular personals systems not only reflect but also have the potential to reshape how people attract one another, date, and fall in love, the design of these systems merits careful consideration. We present a survey of current styles of online personals,

Andrew T. Fiore; Judith S. Donath

2004-01-01

135

The Architecture of Personality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a theoretical framework for analyzing psychological systems that contribute to the variability, consistency, and cross-situational coherence of personality functioning. In the proposed knowledge-and-appraisal personality architecture (KAPA), personality structures and processes are delineated by combining 2 principles:…

Cervone, Daniel

2004-01-01

136

Electronic Mail in Distance Education: A Canadian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail is the sending of messages from one person to another using electronic technology. This paper discusses communication through a personal computer and the commercial electronic mail service. Basic information about the technology of electronic mail is provided, such as hardware and software, subscription and options of electronic

Burpee, Peter; And Others

137

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

138

Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory  

E-print Network

Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory Modifying memory: Selectively enhancing and updating personal memories for a museum; Reactivating personal memory 2 Abstract Memory can be modified when reactivated

Schacter, Daniel

139

Personal Computer (PC) thermal analyzer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rome Air Development Center (RADC) has developed an expert system based design verification tool to increase the efficiency of calculating device junction temperatures on printed circuit boards (PCBs). This tool, the Personal Computer (PC) Thermal Analyzer, was developed for reliability and electronic design engineers for use during the computer-aided design (CAD) phase. The PC Thermal Analyzer was developed through the combination of two technical areas, thermal analysis and expert systems. This intelligent analyzer is a more effective verification tool because traditional tools require much time and knowledge of thermal analysis, while the PC Thermal Analyzer is quick, requires no expertise in thermal analysis, and provides useful results during the CAD phase.

Vaccaro, James M.; Holzhauer, Douglas J.; Yaworsky, Paul S.

1990-03-01

140

Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron-  

E-print Network

Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron- ics itself. The advantages of integration will bring about a proliferation of electronics, and personal portable communications equipment. The electronic wrist- watch needs only a display to be feasible

Martin, Milo M. K.

141

The effect of beam tube potential variation on gonad dose to patients during chest radiography investigated using high sensitivity LiF:Mg,Cu,P thermoluminescent dosemeters.  

PubMed

Optimization of X-ray beam tube potential (kVp) in radiological examinations can minimize patient dose. This research aims to investigate the effect of tube potential variation on gonad doses to patients during posteroanterior (PA) chest radiography examinations. This study was carried out using a Toshiba general purpose X-ray unit and a Rando phantom. Dose measuring equipment included an ion chamber system, a dose-area product (DAP) meter and a thermoluminescent dosemeter (TLD) reader system with high sensitivity TLD pellets of LiF:Mg,Cu,P for low level gonad dose measurement. PA chest exposures of the phantom to produce a constant exit dose were made using a standard low tube potential (range 60-100 kVp) non-grid technique and a high tube potential (range 95-150 kVp) grid technique. Entrance surface doses (ESDs) and DAPs were also included in the measurements. Effective doses (EDs) were computed from ESD and DAP measurements using NRPB-SR262 and Xdose software. Results show that with the low tube potential technique both ovary dose and testes dose increase with increasing tube potential; statistically significant correlations of r = 0.994 (p = 0.0006) and r = 0.998 (p = 0.001), respectively, were found. For both organs, doses increase at a rate of approximately 2% per kVp. With the high tube potential technique there is insignificant correlation between gonad doses and tube potential. When comparing patient doses from typical exposures made at 70 kVp (low tube potential non-grid technique) with doses from exposures made at 120 kVp (high tube potential grid technique), the high tube potential technique delivers significantly higher values for ESD, and ovary, testes and effective doses by factors of 1.7, 5.2, 5.5 and 2.7, respectively. PMID:11387155

Fung, K K; Gilboy, W B

2001-04-01

142

The Unbureaucratic Personality  

E-print Network

favorable figure in public sector settings: the unbureaucratic personality. The unbureaucratic personality is a timely topic given the worldwide push for the public sector to ?reinvent? itself by decentralizing decision-making and increasing worker... The Unbureaucratic Personality Leisha DeHart-Davis Assistant Professor University of Kansas 1541 Lilac Lane #318 Lawrence, KS 66045-3177 Phone: (785) 864-3527 Fax: (785) 864-5208 lddavis@ku.edu The Unbureaucratic...

DeHart-Davis, Leisha

2007-06-11

143

Gender and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Personality is the study of individual differences and thus holds promise for a better understanding of how our gendered society\\u000a shapes and reinforces differences in women’s and men’s attitudes, emotions, and behaviors. Two strengths of present-day personality\\u000a research are particularly relevant for the study of gender. First, personality researchers gather data from large samples\\u000a of normally functioning individuals and emphasize

Jayne E. Stake; Heather Eisele

144

Personal health records: a scoping review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be

N Archer; U Fevrier-Thomas; C Lokker; K A McKibbon; S E Straus

2011-01-01

145

Master Thesis Personalized ESG for converged digital  

E-print Network

Electronic Service Guide. The opportunity to deliver personalization has been made easier by the rapid pace something to watch from the large amounts of digital broadcast content for Mobile TV available on handsets influencing ESG design, an analysis of the stakeholders involved in mobile TV, and the planning

146

Personalized imaging: moving closer to reality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The availability of web and on-line image sharing services makes image personalization and customization a more interesting topic. Nonetheless, designing a personalized image is a time-consuming task, requiring hours of work by expert designers. Observing the potential opportunity to make the design process easier and more amenable to ordinary users, we presented a semi-automatic tool for designing personalized images in the Electronic Imaging (EI) symposium last year.1, 2 As a follow-up, we present several improvements to the original semi-automatic tool, for both text insertion and text replacement on planar surfaces. We also describe our effort in implementing the tool as a true web-based service, which eliminates the need for installation of any software or packages by the user. We believe that we have made the technology of image personalization more friendly and accessible to ordinary users.

Ding, Hengzhou; Bala, Raja; Fan, Zhigang; Bouman, Charles A.; Allebach, Jan P.

2011-03-01

147

Electronic Router  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electronic Router (E-Router) is an application program for routing documents among the cognizant individuals in a government agency or other organization. E-Router supplants a prior 14 NASA Tech Briefs, May 2005 system in which paper documents were routed physically in packages by use of paper slips, packages could be lost, routing times were unacceptably long, tracking of packages was difficult, and there was a need for much photocopying. E-Router enables a user to create a digital package to be routed. Input accepted by E-Router includes the title of the package, the person(s) to whom the package is to be routed, attached files, and comments to reviewers. Electronic mail is used to notify reviewers of needed actions. The creator of the package can, at any time, see the status of the package in the routing structure. At the end of the routing process, E-Router keeps a record of the package and of approvals and/or concurrences of the reviewers. There are commercial programs that perform the general functions of E-Router, but they are more complicated. E-Router is Web-based, easy to use, and does not require the installation or use of client software.

Crusan, Jason

2005-01-01

148

Mohamed Atta's Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a posthumous, indirect assessment of the personality of Mohamed Atta, apparent ringleader in the September 11, 2001 terror attack on the World Trade Center, from the conceptual perspective of Theodore Millon. Information concerning Mohamed Atta was collected from media reports and synthesized into a personality profile using the second edition of the Millon Inventory

Aubrey Immelman

2002-01-01

149

Personal locator services emerge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding a mentally impaired relative, a lost child, or a criminal in a sprawling metropolitan area would be simple if the person were equipped with a personal locator device. The belief that it should be easy to find anyone, anywhere, at any time with a few pushes of a button has caught on with the advent of the Global Positioning

H. Koshima; J. Hoshen

2000-01-01

150

Thomas Devine Nothing Personal  

E-print Network

Thomas Devine Nothing Personal "Are you sure you want to get this done?" asked the doctor. "Why my blood onto a rack full of vials. "Your test results could very well push this technology age of affliction is 42 with 98% accuracy. Because you are the first person known to be diagnosed

Walter, Frederick M.

151

Personalized Proactive Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Personalized Proactive Information Retrieval Yi Zhang Assistant Professor Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management Lab School of Engineering University of California Santa Cruz #12;Personalized a query ¤ Short term information need (ad hoc search) n The task: proactive system pushes information

Lee, Herbie

152

Suffering and Personal Agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation of those who suffer indicates that while many remain in a disabled and anguished state of being, others find personal meaning in their plight that allows them to transcend their anguish. It is shown here that the capacity to transcend anguish and find personal meaning is a socioemotional process that allows the sufferer to define himself in ways

Carl Goldberg; Virginia Crespo

2003-01-01

153

Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki  

E-print Network

Web Mining for Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki Michalis Vazirgiannis Athens University of Economics and Business Department of Informatics #12;M.Eirinaki, M. Vazirgiannis Web Mining for Web Personalization 2PKDD 2005 Introduction Continuous growth in the size and the use of WWW Large and complicated web

Eirinaki, Magdalini

154

Personalities Chomsky Hierarchy  

E-print Network

Personalities Languages Grammars Chomsky Hierarchy Summary CHOMSKY HIERARCHY Jie Jiang October 4, 2009 Jie Jiang CHOMSKY HIERARCHY #12;Personalities Languages Grammars Chomsky Hierarchy Summary Noam, and lecturer. One of the fathers of modern linguistics. Created the theory of generative grammar, which has

Way, Andy

155

Measuring Personal Service Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the personal service quality of international tourism hotels in China by measuring international hotel customer's satisfaction level and their perceived importance evaluation of personal service attributes. Six international hotels in Beijing and three departments (reception, food and beverage, and housekeeping) in each hotel were selected in this study. Responses from 472 customers were used for the data

Youcheng Wang; Thomas E. Pearson

2002-01-01

156

Personalism and Interpersonal Attraction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attribution theory predicts that actions seen as specifically directed toward a person have greater impact than those not so directed. It was hypothesized that agreement between self-evaluation and another's evaluation increases personalism of received evaluations, increasing both impact and tendency to reciprocate liking or disliking. In a 2 x 2…

Potter, David A.

157

[Personality disorders and aging].  

PubMed

Personality disorder can be defined as an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that markedly deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture. With aging, personality disorders may improve or worsen. Their prevalence in the elderly is slightly lower than the prevalence in young adult. Furthermore, their comorbidity and co-occurrence are the rule with an increased risk of late decompensation. Categorical approach used in the current international classifications (ICD-10 and DSM-5) is not adapted to the specificities of the elderly with consequent overrepresentation of "unspecified personality disorder". However, a pathological personality tends to complicate all interventions for somatic or psychological care in the elderly. Thus, this review describes changes in personality disorders related to aging in order to help the clinician to better identify these disorders. Indeed, recognizing a pathological personality in the elderly improves its management both in the field of mental health and in somatic disorders in which the role of personality must be evaluated. Personality and its disorders should therefore be taken into account in all geriatric practices, in particular in the context of cognitive disorders. PMID:24939408

Calvet, Benjamin; Péricaud, Marion; Parneix, Mathieu; Bricaud, Magali; Lavigne, Benjamin; Clément, Jean-Pierre

2014-06-01

158

Personalizing Math Word Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three levels of personalization--individual, group, and non-personalized--on the achievement of seventh grade Hispanic boys and girls on mathematics word problems. Subjects were 123 seventh grade Hispanic students from a rural junior high school near Phoenix, Arizona. A pretest…

Lopez, Cecilia L.

159

Personal Services Agreements Waivers  

E-print Network

Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A3 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised: A3 in the public at large.) #12;Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A3 Responsible Administrative Units

160

Personal computer brand loyalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Markov model shows the degree of brand loyalty to Apple, Compaq, IBM, and Wyse personal computers by large corporate customers of Businessland, a large reseller of personal computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Because Businessland temporarily lost its franchise to carry Compaq for half a year in the middle of our sample, the model captures the effect

Tyrone W. Jackson; Jeffrey M Perloff

1996-01-01

161

Nanobiotechnology and personalized medicine.  

PubMed

This chapter will start with a definition and scope of personalized medicine and describe how various nanobiotechnologies will contribute to its development. Nanodiagnostics and its combination with therapeutics as well as nanoparticle-based drug delivery will play an important role. The most important applications of nanobiotechnology will be personalized management of cancer, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular diseases. PMID:22093223

Jain, K K

2011-01-01

162

Criminal personality profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we examine outcome and process differences in criminal personality profiling among groups of profilers, detectives, psychologists, and students, using closed police cases—one sex offense and one homicide. Two major questions guide this research: (1) Are professional profilers more accurate than nonprofilers in generating personality profiles and correctly identifying offender features from crime scene details? and (2) Is

Anthony J. Pinizzottot; Norman J. Finkelt

1990-01-01

163

Personal Computer Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interconnection between personal computers and other personal, mini, or mainframe computer systems is discussed. The following topics relevant to college personnel are addressed: hardware techniques for tying computers together, advantages and disadvantages of available software, the prospects for sophisticated micro/mainframe links with major…

Leclerc, Gerry

164

Personal identity postmortem  

E-print Network

, and resurrection of the body. I maintain that for each view, at least one theory of personal identity conflicts with that view and, therefore, cannot be consistently held with that view. I argue that a psychological-continuity theory of personal identity...

Schmutz, Catherine J

2012-06-07

165

Personal Literacy Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy is inextricably linked to the social context in which literacy is taught, and in which the language is used. Cultural expectations require the use of specific literacies. Who a person is, in terms of a literacy user and a literacy worker are dictated by the culture in which a person chooses to operate. Literacy is not neutral, but an…

Knotts, Lester William

166

Personalized Recommendation of TV Programs L. Ardissono1  

E-print Network

Personalized Recommendation of TV Programs L. Ardissono1 , C. Gena1 , P. Torasso1 F. Bellifemine2 generating personalized Electronic Pro- gram Guides for digital TV. The PPG recommends TV programs by relying and preferences. With the recent expansion of TV content, digital TV networks and broadband, smarter TV

Ardissono, Liliana

167

THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information  

E-print Network

, and physical security measures and safeguards in place to protect against the loss, misuse, and alteration of Arizona is committed to providing its users good privacy practices regarding electronic personal, the information is protected both online and off-line. All personally identifiable information the THINK TANK

Ziurys, Lucy M.

168

Borderline Personality and Criminality  

PubMed Central

Borderline personality disorder is characteristically associated with a broad variety of psychiatric symptoms and aberrant behaviors. In this edition of The Interface, we discuss the infrequently examined association between borderline personality disorder and criminality. According to our review of the literature, in comparison with the rates of borderline personality disorder encountered in the general population, borderline personality disorder is over-represented in most studies of inmates. At the same time, there is considerable variation in the reported rates of this Axis II disorder in prison populations, which may be attributed to the methodologies of and populations in the various studies. Overall, female criminals appear to exhibit higher rates of borderline personality disorder, and it is oftentimes associated with a history of childhood sexual abuse, perpetration of impulsive and violent crimes, comorbid antisocial traits, and incarceration for domestic violence. PMID:20011575

Sansone, Lori A.

2009-01-01

169

Borderline personality and criminality.  

PubMed

Borderline personality disorder is characteristically associated with a broad variety of psychiatric symptoms and aberrant behaviors. In this edition of The Interface, we discuss the infrequently examined association between borderline personality disorder and criminality. According to our review of the literature, in comparison with the rates of borderline personality disorder encountered in the general population, borderline personality disorder is over-represented in most studies of inmates. At the same time, there is considerable variation in the reported rates of this Axis II disorder in prison populations, which may be attributed to the methodologies of and populations in the various studies. Overall, female criminals appear to exhibit higher rates of borderline personality disorder, and it is oftentimes associated with a history of childhood sexual abuse, perpetration of impulsive and violent crimes, comorbid antisocial traits, and incarceration for domestic violence. PMID:20011575

Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

2009-10-01

170

Personality, relationships, and health.  

PubMed

This special issue of the Journal of Personality focuses on the importance of considering both personality and relationship forces when examining physical and psychological health. The nine articles presented in this issue employed a variety of research designs, theoretical rationales, health outcomes, and advanced statistical methodologies in order to better understand how both individual differences and social factors are relevant to our health. These articles embody several prominent themes: Conscientiousness is a robust predictor of health; traits beyond the Five-Factor Model should be considered in attempts to understand personality, relationships, and health; links among personality, relationships, and health begin early in life; and relationship transitions are consequential to health. It is hoped that these studies inspire personality researchers to consider the relationship context of health and relationship researchers to consider individual differences when attempting to understand health behaviors and outcomes. PMID:24299020

Markey, Charlotte N; Markey, Patrick M

2014-12-01

171

Diffusion of personal health information : self-determining and empowering practices for Manitoba Inuit.  

E-print Network

??This paper describes Inuit cultural considerations when defining and communicating electronic health concepts and personal health information services to urban Inuit audiences. Applying a two-eyed… (more)

Clark, Wayne Voisey

2012-01-01

172

Personal Health Record: Managing Personal Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter presents the work of the TIGER Collaborative on Consumer Empowerment and the Personal Health Record (PHR). The\\u000a entire body of work for the TIGER Collaborative Team #9 is available at http:\\/\\/tigerphr.pbworks.com\\/ The first part of this\\u000a chapter will review the state of the science on the potential of health consumerism as seen through the lens of health literacy

Charlotte Weaver; Rita Zielstorff

173

First Person Arts - The First Person Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The First Person Museum is part of the First Person Arts organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and its goal is to "transform the drama of real life into memoir and documentary art." The First Person Museum exhibit, which debuted a physical gallery of "meaningful stories behind objects", gives people a place to display their objects and the stories that go with them. The online gallery of these stories is available to the visitor by clicking on "The Gallery", where a grid of pictures of objects can be scrolled over for a brief description. Each description includes information about who submitted the picture, when the picture was submitted, the picture's "Theme", and "Object Type". Some of the themes include "From the Heart", "Generation to Generation", "Good Times", and "To Remember You By". Visitors can also browse the Gallery by "Theme", "Object Type", and "Most Recent". Many of the stories about the objects are just a few sentences, some like "The Locket" are touching, while others are clever and funny such as "Squeaky Clean: How My Cat Became Clutter", about a cremated cat whose ashes are taking up space. All visitors are invited to submit a story for the online or future physical gallery.

174

The temporal relationship of personality traits to personality disorders  

E-print Network

traits are stable in individuals diagnosed with four personality disorders (schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder), and examined the assumption that these personality disorders are stable by virtue of stable...

Warner, Megan Beth

2012-06-07

175

Early Experiences with Personal Health Records  

PubMed Central

Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical Foundation, PatientSite at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Indivo at Children’s Hospital Boston. We describe our implementation challenges from 1999 to 2007 and postulate the evolving challenges we will face over the next five years. PMID:17947615

Halamka, John D.; Mandl, Kenneth D.; Tang, Paul C.

2008-01-01

176

Personal Information Institution Address  

E-print Network

Personal Information Name Institution Address City State/Province Email Registration: University for lunch? Sandwich box lunch Salad box lunch Veg Out * California Chicken Beverages Soda Diet Soda Water

California at Santa Cruz, University of

177

Personalized building comfort control  

E-print Network

Creating an appropriate indoor climate is essential to worker productivity and personal happiness. It is also an area of large expenditure for building owners. And, with rising fuel costs, finding ways of reducing energy ...

Feldmeier, Mark Christopher, 1974-

2009-01-01

178

Personalized diabetes management  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we present a system to make personalized lifestyle and health decisions for diabetes management, as well as for general health and diet management. In particular, we address the following components of the ...

O'Hair, Allison Kelly

2013-01-01

179

PERSONALIZED 2013 ANNUAL REPORT  

E-print Network

1 PERSONALIZED MEDICINE 2013 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS From...................................................................................................................16 Maximizing Efforts to Prevent Cancer of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center (UCCCC) annual report. The past year has been filled with so

Sherman, S. Murray

180

Life Stories: Personal Portraits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers glimpses into the landscapes of people's lives. Discusses Edith Bruck's "Who Loves You Like This,""Life Stories: Profiles from 'The New Yorker'," and Hugh Sidey's "Portraits of the Presidents: Power and Personality in the Oval Office." (SG)

Moore, John Noell, Ed.

2001-01-01

181

Schizoid personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... is unknown. This disorder may be related to schizophrenia and shares many of the same risk factors. ... personality disorder is generally not as disabling as schizophrenia. It does not cause the disconnection from reality ( ...

182

Personalized facial attractiveness prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to learning the personal pref- erences of individual users directly from example images. The target application is computer assisted search of part- ners in online dating services. The proposed approach is based on the use of \\

Jacob Whitehill; Javier R. Movellan

2008-01-01

183

Personal Computers in Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acquaints the reader with the personal computer, emphasizing its use as an aid in the learning process; considers the types of hardware available and software related to educational uses; and offers advice to those just entering this area. (Author)

Bork, Alfred; Franklin, Stephen

1979-01-01

184

Speech Culture and Personality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological and pedagogical benefits of studying and promoting speech culture are discussed, particularly as they affect the formation of personality in young people. Ethical and moral implications are mentioned. (15 references) (LB)

Vasic, Smiljka

1991-01-01

185

Combat and personality change.  

PubMed

In response to combat, some soldiers develop a feeling of satisfaction in killing. The authors label this reaction the "heart of darkness experience," after the story by Joseph Conrad (1903/1982). They describe their clinical experience of seeing this response as part of a spectrum of reactions ranging from no personality change to rather gross personality change. After exploring psychological factors involved in this change, they suggest relevant treatment considerations. PMID:8287015

Bradshaw, S L; Ohlde, C D; Horne, J B

1993-01-01

186

Clothing and personal hygiene  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The biomedical maintenance of astronauts is discussed in terms of personal hygiene. Principal characteristics and general requirements are described which must be followed in perfecting a system of hygienic practices and in devising means to maintain personal hygiene, flight clothing, underwear, bedding, and medical-domestic equipment for manned space flights of varying durations. Factors discussed include: disposable clothing, thermal protection, oral hygiene, cleansing of the skin, and grooming of the hair.

Finogenov, A. M.; Azhayev, A. N.; Kaliberdin, G. V.

1975-01-01

187

Neuroimaging and personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the past several years, neuroimaging research on personality disorders has begun to develop. Personality disorders\\u000a can be thought of as trait-like dysfunctional patterns in cognitive, affective, impulse control, and interpersonal domains.\\u000a These domains of dysfunction have been linked to specific neural circuits. Developments in brain imaging techniques have allowed\\u000a researchers to examine the neural integrity of these circuits in

Michael S. McCloskey; K. Luan Phan; Emil F. Coccaro

2005-01-01

188

Cardiac Signatures of Personality  

PubMed Central

Background There are well-established relations between personality and the heart, as evidenced by associations between negative emotions on the one hand, and coronary heart disease or chronic heart failure on the other. However, there are substantial gaps in our knowledge about relations between the heart and personality in healthy individuals. Here, we investigated whether amplitude patterns of the electrocardiogram (ECG) correlate with neurotisicm, extraversion, agreeableness, warmth, positive emotion, and tender-mindedness as measured with the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality inventory. Specifically, we investigated (a) whether a cardiac amplitude measure that was previously reported to be related to flattened affectivity (referred to as values) would explain variance of NEO scores, and (b) whether correlations can be found between NEO scores and amplitudes of the ECG. Methodology/Principal Findings NEO scores and rest ECGs were obtained from 425 healthy individuals. Neuroticism and positive emotion significantly differed between individuals with high and low values. In addition, stepwise cross-validated regressions indicated correlations between ECG amplitudes and (a) agreeableness, as well as (b) positive emotion. Conclusions/Significance These results are the first to demonstrate that ECG amplitude patterns provide information about the personality of an individual as measured with NEO personality scales and facets. These findings open new perspectives for a more efficient personality assessment using cardiac measures, as well as for more efficient risk-stratification and pre-clinical diagnosis of individuals at risk for cardiac, affective and psychosomatic disorders. PMID:22363649

Koelsch, Stefan; Enge, Juliane; Jentschke, Sebastian

2012-01-01

189

The Electronic Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of telecommunications in establishing the electronic classroom in distance education is illustrated. Using a computer-based doctoral program and the UNIX operating system as an example, how a personal computer and modem may be combined with a telephone line for instructional delivery is described. A number of issues must be addressed in…

Mizell, Al P.; Centini, Barry M.

190

Personality and Development in Childhood: A Person-Centered Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied a person-centered approach to childhood personality development in 28 diverse samples of 3- to 6-year-olds studied over 6 years. Identified resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled personality types. Found that the undercontrolled personality type related to intellectual decline over 6 years. The number of family risks predicted…

Hart, Daniel; Atkins, Robert; Fegley, Suzanne

2003-01-01

191

Perfectionism and multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) indices of personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research tested the hypothesis that personal and social aspects of the perfectionism construct are related differentially to indices of personality disorders. A sample of 90 psychiatric patients was examined with respect to their scores on the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS) and the personality disorder subscales (PDS) of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. The MPS provides measures of self-oriented,

Paul L. Hewitt; Gordon L. Flett; Wendy Turnbull

1992-01-01

192

Persons using crutches, canes or walkers: Disabled Persons  

E-print Network

Persons using crutches, canes or walkers: Disabled Persons In emergency evacuations a chair with arms, and follow the procedure for non- ambulatory persons discussed below. Non-ambulatory persons: Evacuation may not be necessary or advisable. Many stairwells are designed to provide temporary

Meyers, Steven D.

193

PERSONAL CONTEXT PROFILE FOR PERSONALIZATION OF CLINICAL GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

PERSONAL CONTEXT PROFILE FOR PERSONALIZATION OF CLINICAL GUIDELINES Adi Fux1 Adif.pmi@gmail.com Mor words: Clinical Guidelines; Decision Support System; Personalization INTRODUCTION One of the greatest is patients personal constraints, which can vary over time. Many physicians recognize this con- flict and try

Peleg, Mor

194

Personalization Services for the Semantic Web: The Personal Reader Framework  

E-print Network

Personalization Services for the Semantic Web: The Personal Reader Framework Nicola Henze ISI henze@l3s.de Abstract. The Personal Reader framework implements a service-based architecture for developing and maintaining personalization functionali- ties on the Semantic Web, stemming from disciplines

Henze, Nicola

195

Do brand personality scales really measure brand personality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1997, literature and research on the concept of brand personality is flourishing, and specific scales have gone widespread use in academic circles, unchallenged on their validity. Brand personality is certainly a key facet of a brand identity. However, as this paper will demonstrate, the current scales of brand personality in fact do not measure brand personality but merge altogether

A. Azoulay

2004-01-01

196

Adapting recommender systems to the requirements of personal health record systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the future many people in industrialized countries will manage their personal health data electronically in centralized, reliable and trusted repositories - so-called personal health record systems (PHR). At this stage PHR systems still fail to satisfy the individual medical information needs of their users. Personalized recommendations could solve this problem. A first approach of integrating recommender system (RS) methodology

Martin Wiesner; Daniel Pfeifer

2010-01-01

197

75 FR 1301 - Damages Received on Account of Personal Physical Injuries or Physical Sickness; Hearing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Account of Personal Physical Injuries or Physical Sickness; Hearing...account of personal physical injuries or physical sickness. DATES...submit electronic outlines of oral comments via the Federal eRulemaking...Persons who wish to present oral comments at the hearing...

2010-01-11

198

21 CFR 880.2910 - Clinical electronic thermometer.  

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL HOSPITAL AND PERSONAL USE DEVICES General Hospital and Personal Use Monitoring Devices § 880.2910 Clinical electronic thermometer....

2014-04-01

199

Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization  

E-print Network

Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization y Hironobu Aoki yy Jiro Tanaka y Master and Electronics,University of Tsukuba WWW Web Web Webgrep Webgrep 1 Web Web Web Web Web [1] My Yahoo! [2] MyNetscape [3] amazon.com [4] Web Web 2 Web Web |1| #12;1. Web 2. 3. 4. Web WWWC [5] Web Auto [6] Web 1 2 Web 3

Tanaka, Jiro

200

Microsoft: Personal Energy Meter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Microsoft's Education website offers several instructional resources, such as lesson plans and tutorials. Not suprisingly, the lessons and tutorials make use of Microsoft software products. The objectives for this lesson on measuring energy costs are: to analyze the amount and cost of energy used for personal day-to-day activities; to explore methods for and effects of conserving personal energy; and to advocate for better energy conservation. Students use Excel to keep track and analyze data they collect from one week of energy tracking at home. Among the resources provided by Microsoft is a Personal Energy Meter spreadsheet that students can use for this project. The website includes a step by step description of the activity along with links to some related online resources.

201

Personalized top-k processing  

E-print Network

Personalized top-k processing: from centralized to decentralized systems Thèse soutenue le 08 MATISSE tel-00545642,version1-10Dec2010 #12;tel-00545642,version1-10Dec2010 #12;Personalized top-of-the-art on personalized and/or decentralized search . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.3.1 Personalized search

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Personal Journey Motivation and Methods  

E-print Network

Personal Journey Motivation and Methods Imaging New Results Less is More: Robust image recovery via-variation minimizat #12;Personal Journey Motivation and Methods Imaging New Results Outline My personal journey recovery via total-variation minimizat #12;Personal Journey Motivation and Methods Imaging New Results I

Needell, Deanna

203

Personal Tutor Agenda Fourth Week  

E-print Network

Personal Tutor Agenda Fourth Week - Each Personal Tutor arranges a meeting with students who were assigned to him/her to receive their notes, concerns and get acquainted with their problems. Personal tutor to the Quality Committee. The meeting should take place before the end of the fifth week. - Each Personal Tutor

204

The Personality of Societal Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the personality of social situations and provides evidence for the construct validity of the Multivariate Personality Inventory (MPI; Miller & Magaro, 1977). A multivariate theory of personality describes five personality styles that reflect individual prototypes sharing similar constellations of needs, beliefs, and values. A variety of occupational and social settings are analyzed and predictions are offered

Peter A. Magaro; Richard M. Ashbrook

1985-01-01

205

Managing Personality and Behavior Changes  

MedlinePLUS

... behavior in a person with Alzheimer’s disease. Common Changes in Personality and Behavior Common personality and behavior changes you ... and Other Tips Caregivers cannot stop Alzheimer’s-related changes in personality and behavior, but they can learn to cope ...

206

Religious Conversion and Personality Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of whether religious conversion causes changes in someone's personality is examined in light of two bodies of literature—the research on personality change and the research on conversion. When the theory and research on personality change is applied to the question of whether conversion causes such change, the answer depends on what level of personality is of concern. Research

Raymond F. Paloutzian; James T. Richardson; Lewis R. Rambo

1999-01-01

207

17 CFR 240.15Ba1-2 - Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding certain natural persons.  

...Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding certain natural persons...Registration of municipal advisors and information regarding certain natural persons...Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system. (d) Form MA and Form...

2014-04-01

208

The Personalized Medicine Coalition: goals and strategies.  

PubMed

The concept of personalized medicine--that medical care can be tailored to the genomic and molecular profile of the individual--has repercussions that extend far beyond the technology that makes it possible. The adoption of personalized medicine will require changes in healthcare infrastructure, diagnostics and therapeutics business models, reimbursement policy from government and private payers, and a different approach to regulatory oversight. Personalized medicine will shift medical practices upstream from the reactive treatment of disease, to proactive healthcare management including screening, early treatment, and prevention, and will alter the roles of both physician and patient. It will create a greater reliance on electronic medical records and decision support systems in an industry that has a long history of resistance to information technology. Personalized medicine requires a systems approach to implementation. But in a healthcare economy that is highly decentralized and market driven, it is incumbent upon the stakeholders themselves to advocate for a consistent set of policies and legislation that pave the way for the adoption of personalized medicine. To address this need, the Personalized Medicine Coalition (PMC) was formed as a nonprofit umbrella organization of pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostic, and information technology companies, healthcare providers and payers, patient advocacy groups, industry policy organizations, major academic institutions, and government agencies. The PMC provides a structure for achieving consensus positions among these stakeholders on crucial public policy issues, a role which will be vital to translating personalized medicine into widespread clinical practice. In this article, we outline the goals of the PMC, and the strategies it will take to foster communication, debate, and consensus on issues such as genetic discrimination, the reimbursement structures for pharmacogenomic drugs and diagnostics, regulation, physician training and medical school curricula, and public education. PMID:16336000

Abrahams, Edward; Ginsburg, Geoffrey S; Silver, Mike

2005-01-01

209

Personal growth during internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: During clinical training, house officers frequently encounter intense experiences that may affect their personal growth.\\u000a The purpose of this study was to explore processes related to personal growth during internship.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Prospective qualitative study conducted over the course of internship.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents from 9 U.S. internal medicine training programs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a APPROACH: Every 8 weeks, interns responded

Rachel B. Levine; Paul Haidet; David E. Kern; Brent W. Beasley; Lisa Bensinger; Donald W. Brady; Todd Gress; Jennifer Hughes; Ajay Marwaha; Jennifer Nelson; Scott M. Wright

2006-01-01

210

State Personal Income Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

211

Graffiti and adolescent personality.  

PubMed

Graffiti has been studied for many years from many viewpoints. They have been used to explain accounts of people, styles of life, and assumed relationships. The present paper reports an attempt to analyze graffiti as outward manifestations of adolescent personality. Results suggested that different forms of graffiti could be interpreted from five characterizations of early adolescent personality: sexual maturity, self-identity, idealism, iconoclasm, and rebelliousness. Significant differences were found between boys and girls in numbers of inscriptions for each category. Further, the graffiti were analyzed in relation to early adolescent stages of development. PMID:868627

Peretti, P O; Carter, R; McClinton, B

1977-01-01

212

John locke on personal identity.  

PubMed

John Locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death. A criterion of personal identity through time is given. Such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons. John Locke holds that personal identity is a matter of psychological continuity. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body. PMID:21694978

Nimbalkar, Namita

2011-01-01

213

Servicing Personal Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid proliferation of personal computers on many campuses has raised a number of questions as to how best to support them. An approach based upon network service machines is discussed. These services include mail, printing, plotting, batch execution, file storage, etc. (Author/MLW)

Heterick, Robert C.; Khanna, Raman

1985-01-01

214

Romania: A Personal Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a personal account of a British tutor's experiences with children at a state-run orphanage in Rumania, focusing on emotional reactions of the tutor and the children. Describes a cooperative project to provide the children with materials for play and learning activities, and discusses changes in orphanage practices after the project. (AC)

Boner, E.

1992-01-01

215

Reliable Personal Health Records  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of applications based on personal health records (PHRs) are emerging in the field of health care and wellness. PHRs empower patients by giving them control over their health data. Health data for PHRs can be supplied by patients, wellness providers and health care providers. Health care providers may use the PHRs to provide medical care. Unfortunately, the quality

Ton Van Deursen; Paul Koster; Milan Petkovic

2008-01-01

216

Personalized pseudophakic model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the aim of taking into account all optical aberrations, a personalized pseudophakic optical model was designed for refractive evaluation using ray tracing software. Starting with a generic model, all clinically measurable data were replaced by personalized measurements. Data from corneal anterior and posterior surfaces were imported from a grid of elevation data obtained by topography, and a formula for the calculation of the intraocular lens (IOL) position was developed based on the lens equator. For the assessment of refractive error, a merit function minimized by the approximation of the Modulation Transfer Function values to diffraction limit values on the frequencies corresponding up to the discrimination limits of the human eye, weighted depending on the human contrast sensitivity function, was built. The model was tested on the refractive evaluation of 50 pseudophakic eyes. The developed model shows good correlation with subjective evaluation of a pseudophakic population, having the added advantage of being independent of corrective factors, allowing it to be immediately adaptable to new technological developments. In conclusion, this personalized model, which uses individual biometric values, allows for a precise refractive assessment and is a valuable tool for an accurate IOL power calculation, including in conditions to which population averages and the commonly used regression correction factors do not apply, thus achieving the goal of being both personalized and universally applicable.

Ribeiro, F.; Castanheira-Dinis, A.; Dias, J. M.

2014-08-01

217

Personal Liberty and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains articles addressing the topic of personal liberty and its relationship to education. Some of these are reprinted from publications issued by members of the Alliance of Associations for the Advancement of Education or cooperating associations; others were written expressly for this volume. A commentary by Nat Hentoff is…

Cohen, Monroe D., Ed.

218

Personalization in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thoughtful educators personalize schools--greeting students by name, offering extra academic help, checking in about serious family problems. Some go further, such as setting up specialized clubs or internships with local businesses. Such acts benefit students, helping them feel connected to school and helping teachers and other staff respond to…

Yonezawa, Susan; McClure, Larry; Jones, Makeba

2012-01-01

219

Personality, Education and Earnings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economists are only beginning to understand the relationship between personality traits and economic outcomes. This paper examines the influence of childhood social maladjustment on cognitive development, labor market earnings and career progression using longitudinal data drawn from the National Child Development Study. Net of differences in…

Silles, Mary A.

2010-01-01

220

Personalizing shared ubiquitous devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everywhere we go, we are surrounded by shared devices: TVs, stereos, and appliances in the home; copiers, fax machines, and projectors in the office; phones and vending machines in public. Because these devices don't know who we are, they provide the same user interface and functionality to everyone. This lack of personalization in the real world is reminiscent of the

David M. Hilbert; Jonathan Trevor

2004-01-01

221

Psychotherapy of Personality Disorders  

PubMed Central

Although personality disorders are often regarded as “untreatable” by third-party payers, there is actually a growing empirical literature suggesting that Axis II conditions may be eminently treatable by psychotherapy. This literature is critically reviewed, the implications for length of treatment are discussed, and cost-effectiveness issues are examined. PMID:10608903

Gabbard, Glen O.

2000-01-01

222

Online personal identification agent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The biometric identification of individuals has many safety and security applications in several fields of major interest, ranging from healthcare to banking to defense. Current biometric technologies are hardly suitable for remote (online) massive use and contain no information about the state of the person at the time of identification. Biometric solutions to date rely on static biological features. Signatures,

R. Leca; V. Groza

2005-01-01

223

Personalization for network marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized network marketing refers to the technique that allows network?marketing decisions to be made based on the results of the collection and analysis of user profiles. In this paper, we propose an interactive questionnaire mechanism whose design objective is to produce timely and reliable user profile attributes in an incremental fashion through an intelligent interface accessible from web environment. Subsequently,

2004-01-01

224

Curriculum Vitae Personal information  

E-print Network

Curriculum Vitae Personal information First name & Surname Tomás Pop Address Bellusova 1822/43, Praha 13, PSC 155 00 Telephone Mobile: (+420) 724 789 414 Email tomas.pop@seznam.cz Nationality Czech in secure data transfer" Curriculum Vitae Tomás Pop, 11/3/13 #12;Project experience Project Context sensing

225

Personal Finance Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This personal finance guide assists teachers and curriculum committees in the selection of appropriate materials. The listings follow a common format: title; a brief description of the materials; the areas covered; the cost of materials; and information on how to obtain them. Materials cover the following areas: financial planning; purchase of…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

226

Personal Dynamic Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Learning Research Group at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center is concerned with all aspects of the communication and manipulation of knowledge. We design, build, and use dynamic media which can be used by human beings of all ages. Several years ago, we crystallized our dreams into a design idea for a personal dynamic medium the size of a notebook

A. Kay; A. Goldberg

1977-01-01

227

Cult of Personality  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: No country does the cult of personality quite as well as North Korea. It started with Kim Il Sung who is still revered as the Dear Leader and Eternal President and whose image can be seen everywhere. It continued with Kim Jong...

Hacker, Randi

2012-01-25

228

Personalizing Behavior Modification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Process reinforcement is proposed as a reinforcement method that is more comfortable, personal, comprehensive, and interactive than traditional behavior modification. Process reinforcement strengthens desired behaviors by engaging learners in a one-on-one examination of how they achieved correct responses and by practicing comfortable eye contact…

White, Debra G.; And Others

1987-01-01

229

STUDENT HOUSING Your Personal  

E-print Network

STUDENT HOUSING Your Personal Survival Guide to Living Off-Campus #12;Thank you to our City? The Move-in Inventory and Inspection Form Responsibilities: You vs. Management "Wait, I have problem- ties; how do you choose what is right for you? Parking may be a NEED if you must drive to a job

California at Davis, University of

230

September 1996 Personal Statement  

E-print Network

. Eight non-test indicators of writing ability were used as criteria against which the validity of both that the personal statement is not strongly correlated with other indicators of writing ability. A standardized essay test, designed to measure writing ability and administered under controlled conditions, was used

Chatterjee, Avik P.

231

Anemia in older persons.  

PubMed

Anemia in older persons is commonly overlooked despite mounting evidence that low hemoglobin levels are a significant marker of physiologic decline. Using the World Health Organization definition of anemia (hemoglobin level less than 13 g per dL [130 g per L] in men and less than 12 g per dL [120 g per L] in women), more than 10 percent of persons older than 65 years are anemic. The prevalence increases with age, approaching 50 percent in chronically ill patients living in nursing homes. There is increasing evidence that even mild anemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Anemia warrants evaluation in all older persons, except those at the end of life or who decline interventions. About one third of persons have anemia secondary to a nutritional deficiency, one third have anemia caused by chronic inflammation or chronic kidney disease, and one third have unexplained anemia. Nutritional anemia is effectively treated with vitamin or iron replacement. Iron deficiency anemia often is caused by gastrointestinal bleeding and requires further investigation in most patients. Anemia of chronic inflammation or chronic kidney disease may respond to treatment of the underlying disease and selective use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. The treatment of unexplained anemia is difficult, and there is little evidence that treatment decreases morbidity and mortality, or improves quality of life. Occasionally, anemia may be caused by less common but potentially treatable conditions, such as autoimmune hemolytic anemia, malignancy, or myelodysplastic syndrome. PMID:20822082

Bross, Michael H; Soch, Kathleen; Smith-Knuppel, Teresa

2010-09-01

232

Willpower and Personal Rules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We develop a theory of internal commitments or "personal rules" based on self-reputation over one's willpower, which transforms lapses into precedents that undermine future self-restraint. The foundation for this mechanism is the imperfect recall of past motives and feelings, leading people to draw inferences from their past actions. The degree of…

Benabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01

233

A Personal Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manager of a London youth center presents a personal perspective on some of the difficulties that exist for young people in today's society, particularly those faced by young Black males. Following the sudden death of his mother and teenage years dominated by the values of the street, he took control of his life by seeking knowledge and…

Parker, Lee

234

Author's personal copy HYDROCOLLOIDS  

E-print Network

gum and chitosan can be used for encapsulation and controlled release of food ingredients, cellsAuthor's personal copy FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS Food Hydrocolloids 23 (2009) 202­209 Effect , Y. Martin Loa,� a Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Rubloff, Gary W.

235

Patterned Personality Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a self-portrait project she developed for her students. The project emphasizes personality and pattern as the main objectives through a series of steps that include drawing exercises, observation skills, stream-of-color, intense patterning and texturizing, and colored pencil techniques. By drawing down the…

Surrena, Michelle Flandera

2008-01-01

236

Sankey's Personal Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes issue with Derek Sankey's: "Minds, Brains, and Differences in Personal Understanding", "Educational Philosophy and Theory", 39 (2007), pp. 543-558 on the questions of the post-pedagogical classroom and the forms of knowledge. I then try to show that a theory of meaning framed in terms of normative pragmatics is better able than…

Mackenzie, Jim

2011-01-01

237

Type D personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Acute and chronic psychological distress have been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) but little is known about the determinants of distress as a coronary risk factor. Broad and stable personality traits may have much explanatory power; this article selectively focuses on negative affectivity (NA; tendency to experience negative emotions) and social inhibition (SI; tendency to inhibit self-expression in

Johan Denollet

2000-01-01

238

Borderline personality disorder.  

PubMed

Recent research findings have contributed to an improved understanding and treatment of borderline personality disorder. This disorder is characterised by severe functional impairments, a high risk of suicide, a negative effect on the course of depressive disorders, extensive use of treatment, and high costs to society. The course of this disorder is less stable than expected for personality disorders. The causes are not yet clear, but genetic factors and adverse life events seem to interact to lead to the disorder. Neurobiological research suggests that abnormalities in the frontolimbic networks are associated with many of the symptoms. Data for the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy vary and evidence is not yet robust. Specific forms of psychotherapy seem to be beneficial for at least some of the problems frequently reported in patients with borderline personality disorder. At present, there is no evidence to suggest that one specific form of psychotherapy is more effective than another. Further research is needed on the diagnosis, neurobiology, and treatment of borderline personality disorder. PMID:21195251

Leichsenring, Falk; Leibing, Eric; Kruse, Johannes; New, Antonia S; Leweke, Frank

2011-01-01

239

Personality Characteristics of Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the current study was to investigate the personality characteristics of a group of engineers with a variety of years of experience. It was executed to remedy shortcomings of the literature concerning this issue and to produce suggestions for a postgraduate training programme for engineers. A total of 103 engineers were tested with…

van der Molen, Henk T.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Kruisman, Gerard

2007-01-01

240

The Personal Software Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The Personal Software Process (PSP)TM promises to be a powerful tool for software educators. The author describes the PSP and some results achieved by using it. The author also discusses the principles behind the PSP and the reasons why it is effective as a teaching instrument. The author suggests some implications of the PSP for software

W. S. Humphrey

1997-01-01

241

Personality and endurance sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined personality as related to endurance sports. Compared to a group of non-exercisers (n = 73) with similar scores on demographic variables, 86 triathletes and long-distance runners were more extraverted and reported less physical complaints. Groups did not differ concerning Neuroticism and Lie scores. Outstanding athletes (11 hr or more training per week) were more extraverted than average

Boris Egloff; A. Jan Gruhn

1996-01-01

242

Personal Finance Education Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist curriculum planners and classroom teachers in designing and implementing personal finance instruction to meet a variety of student needs, interests, and abilities. It is organized under five concept areas: employment and income, money management, credit, purchase of goods and services, and rights and…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

243

Personal Genres, Public Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing in personal genres, like autobiography, leads writers to public voices. Public voice is a discursive quality of a text that conveys the writer's authority and position relative to others. To show how voice and authority depend on genre, I analyze the autobiographies of two writers who take opposing positions on the same topic. By producing…

Danielewicz, Jane

2008-01-01

244

Personal, Seasonal Suns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an art project designed for upper-elementary students to (1) imagine visual differences in the sun's appearance during the four seasons; (2) develop ideas for visually translating their personal experiences regarding the seasons to their sun drawings; (3) create four distinctive seasonal suns using colors and imagery to…

Sutley, Jane

2010-01-01

245

Personal Statement Riitta Katila  

E-print Network

1 Personal Statement Riitta Katila http://engineering.stanford.edu/profile/rkatila How can large Science & Engineering are an ideal setting for this research. I have ready access to information about substantial investments in R&D. The goal is to understand how established technology-based firms can become

Prinz, Friedrich B.

246

31 CFR 588.311 - United States person; U.S. person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... United States person; U.S. person. 588.311...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WESTERN BALKANS STABILIZATION REGULATIONS... United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S. person means any...

2012-07-01

247

31 CFR 588.311 - United States person; U.S. person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... United States person; U.S. person. 588.311...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WESTERN BALKANS STABILIZATION REGULATIONS... United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S. person means any...

2013-07-01

248

31 CFR 588.312 - United States person; U.S. person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... United States person; U.S. person. 588.312...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WESTERN BALKANS STABILIZATION REGULATIONS... United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S. person means any...

2010-07-01

249

31 CFR 588.311 - United States person; U.S. person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... United States person; U.S. person. 588.311...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WESTERN BALKANS STABILIZATION REGULATIONS... United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S. person means any...

2011-07-01

250

Personality and Disinhibitory Psychopathology: Alcoholism and Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the relation between personality factors and two adult forms of disinhibitory psychopathology—alcohol abuse or dependence and antisocial personality disorder. First, we briefly review various methodological issues relevant to research in this area. Next, we review empirical findings relating three broad-band personality trait dimensions (neuroticism\\/emotionality, impulsivity\\/disinhibition, extraversion\\/sociability) to both alcohol abuse and dependence and antisocial personality disorder. Finally, theoretical

Kenneth J. Sher; Timothy J. Trull

1994-01-01

251

Viewpoint Paper: Early Experiences with Personal Health Records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical

John D. Halamka; Kenneth D. Mandl; Paul C. Tang

2008-01-01

252

Personality types of entrepreneurs.  

PubMed

85 German entrepreneurs were psychometrically assessed on 12 primary trait characteristics. The sample consisted of 49 men and 36 women whose mean age was 45.6 yr. (SD= 10.3). Occupational domains were production (40%) and services (60%). The mean duration of entrepreneurship within these domains was 13.1 yr. (SD=9.3). By factor analysis five personality types of entrepreneurs could be identified: Creative Acquisitor, Controlled Perseverator, Distant Achiever, Rational Manager, and Egocentric Agitator. These types correspond with types found in research by Miner and with the Myer-Briggs Indicator. In addition, correlations between general type potential and both job and life satisfaction of entrepreneurs were found. The results are discussed with regard to intercultural stability of personality types and implications for research and application. PMID:16050632

Müller, Günter F; Gappisch, Cathrin

2005-06-01

253

Nanoproteomics enabling personalized nanomedicine.  

PubMed

Nucleic Acid Programmable Protein Arrays utilize a complex mammalian cell free expression system to produce proteins in situ. In alternative to fluorescent-labeled approaches a new label free method, emerging from the combined utilization of three independent and complementary nanotechnological approaches, appears capable to analyze protein function and protein-protein interaction in studies promising for personalized medicine. Quartz Micro Circuit nanogravimetry, based on frequency and dissipation factor, mass spectrometry and anodic porous alumina overcomes indeed the limits of correlated fluorescence detection plagued by the background still present after extensive washes. This could be further optimized by a homogeneous and well defined bacterial cell free expression system capable to realize the ambitious objective to quantify the regulatory protein networks in humans. Implications for personalized medicine of the above label free protein array using different test genes proteins are reported. PMID:22820526

Nicolini, Claudio; Bragazzi, Nicola; Pechkova, Eugenia

2012-10-01

254

Confidentiality and personal integrity.  

PubMed

This paper uses the social theory of Erving Goffman in order to argue that confidentiality should be understood in relation to the mundane social skills by which individuals present and respect specific self-images of themselves and others during social interaction. The breaching of confidentiality is analysed in terms of one person's capacity to embarrass another, and so to expose that person as incompetent. Respecting confidentiality may at once serve to protect the vulnerable from an unjust society, and yet also protect the guilty from just accusation. Ethical reasoning about confidentiality must therefore recognize the dangers of prejudice and violence inherent in decisions to breach or to respect confidentiality. Case studies are used to illustrate the efficacy of this account, culminating with analyses of three examples from the UKCC document Confidentiality. PMID:7850505

Edgar, A

1994-06-01

255

Personalizing situation awareness  

SciTech Connect

Emergency responders need access to information but what counts as actionable information depends on their role, task, location, and other variables. For example, experts who have unique knowledge and experience and are called on to serve as scientific and teclmical responders, require correspondingly unique situation awareness in order to do their work. In our research-in-progress we leverage emerging and evolving web and digital library technologies to create personalized situation awareness tools that address the needs of these scientific and technical responders in real time, through focused information collection, extraction, integration, representation, and dissemination. We describe three personalized situation awareness tools in this paper: the Theme Awareness Tool (THEMAT), Social Awareness Tool (SAT), and Expertise Awareness Tool (EXPAT). The concepts and technologies we are developing in collaboration with experts apply to those who use the Web, in general, and offer an approach to the general issue of HCI design for emergencies.

Collins, Linn Marks [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roman, Jorge R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mane, Ketan K [RENCI

2009-01-01

256

How does person identity recognition help multi-person tracking?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We address the problem of multi-person tracking in a complex scene from a single camera. Although trackletassociation methods have shown impressive results in several challenging datasets, discriminability of the appearance model remains a limitation. Inspired by the work of person identity recognition, we obtain discriminative appearance-based affinity models by a novel framework to incorporate the merits of person identity recognition,

Cheng-Hao Kuo; Ram Nevatia

2011-01-01

257

Personality Plus. (Your Guide to Better Health and Personal Development).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to acquaint individuals with basic principles of personal health, grooming, and personality development. Addressed in the individual chapters of the guide are the following topics: self-evaluation and completion of a personal inventory; proper diet and principles of maintaining a sound body; relaxation techniques; key words…

de la Concha, Hector

258

PERSONAL MEDIA ALERT SYSTEMS: PERSONALIZATION AND DISSEMINATION OF BROADCAST CONTENT  

E-print Network

PERSONAL MEDIA ALERT SYSTEMS: PERSONALIZATION AND DISSEMINATION OF BROADCAST CONTENT WITH A P2P, we present a personal media alert system that extracts video segments for the interested users. In addition, alerts with pointers to content stored on the home server can be sent to mobile users who

Fisher, Kathleen

259

PFP 3341 Personal Finance: Goals Planning Personal Finance Concentration  

E-print Network

PFP 3341 ­ Personal Finance: Goals Planning Personal Finance Concentration Instructor: Terrance K.) Achieving Objectives Made Easy: Practical Goal Setting Tools & Proven Time Management Techniques by Raymond separately or as part of the Personal Finance Concentration.1 Topics covered in PFP 3341 will include: · Goal

Rock, Chris

260

Automatically Personalizing User Interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Todays computer interfaces are one-size-fits-all. Users with little programming experience have very limited opportunities to customize an inter- face to their task and work habits. Furthermore, the overhead induced by generic interfaces will be proportionately greater on small form-factor PDAs, embedded applications and wearable devices. Au- tomatic personalization may greatly enhance user productivity, but it requires advances in customiza- tion

Daniel S. Weld; Corin R. Anderson; Pedro Domingos; Oren Etzioni; Krzysztof Gajos; Tessa A. Lau; Steven A. Wolfman

2003-01-01

261

Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter discusses the medical understanding of antisocial personality disorder (APSD), including research concerning\\u000a its etiology, prevalence, pathology, differential diagnosis, and treatment. ASPD, and the closely related diagnosis of psychopathy,\\u000a seem to be products of a strong genetic disposition interacting with a variety of environmental contributions. Epidemiological\\u000a studies indicate that ASPD and psychopathy are much more prevalent in men than

Karen J. Derefinko; Thomas A. Widiger

262

Personality Disorders and Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I\\u000a and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I disorders are clinical disorders such as depression,\\u000a anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Axis II disorders are personality disorders (PDs), defined as “pervasive, inflexible,\\u000a and enduring patterns of inner experiences and behavior that can

Susan L. Ettner

263

Personalized visual aesthetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How is visual information linked to aesthetic experience, and what factors determine whether an individual finds a particular visual experience pleasing? We have previously shown that individuals' aesthetic responses are not determined by objective image features but are instead a function of internal, subjective factors that are shaped by a viewers' personal experience. Yet for many classes of stimuli, culturally shared semantic associations give rise to similar aesthetic taste across people. In this paper, we investigated factors that govern whether a set of observers will agree in which images are preferred, or will instead exhibit more "personalized" aesthetic preferences. In a series of experiments, observers were asked to make aesthetic judgments for different categories of visual stimuli that are commonly evaluated in an aesthetic manner (faces, natural landscapes, architecture or artwork). By measuring agreement across observers, this method was able to reveal instances of highly individualistic preferences. We found that observers showed high agreement on their preferences for images of faces and landscapes, but much lower agreement for images of artwork and architecture. In addition, we found higher agreement for heterosexual males making judgments of beautiful female faces than of beautiful male faces. These results suggest that preferences for stimulus categories that carry evolutionary significance (landscapes and faces) come to rely on similar information across individuals, whereas preferences for artifacts of human culture such as architecture and artwork, which have fewer basic-level category distinctions and reduced behavioral relevance, rely on a more personalized set of attributes.

Vessel, Edward A.; Stahl, Jonathan; Maurer, Natalia; Denker, Alexander; Starr, G. G.

2014-02-01

264

Personal health records: a scoping review  

PubMed Central

Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be linked to physician electronic medical record systems, so PHR adoption is dependent on growth in electronic medical record adoption. Many PHR systems are physician-oriented, and do not include patient-oriented functionalities. These must be provided to support self-management and disease prevention if improvements in health outcomes are to be expected. Differences in patient motivation to use PHRs exist, but an overall low adoption rate is to be expected, except for the disabled, chronically ill, or caregivers for the elderly. Finally, trials of PHR effectiveness and sustainability for patient self-management are needed. PMID:21672914

Fevrier-Thomas, U; Lokker, C; McKibbon, K A; Straus, S E

2011-01-01

265

ELECTRONIC BILLING EXEMPTION APPEAL Return this form  

E-print Network

ELECTRONIC BILLING EXEMPTION APPEAL Return this form In person on campus: 333 Science Teaching or black ink. DIRECTIONS To be considered for an exemption from an electronic billing, which is mandatory to be exempt from electronic billing. If you circumstances are similar to the following examples, you may

Amin, S. Massoud

266

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... tends to be better than that for other personality disorders. The rigidness and control of OCPD may prevent many of the complications such as drug abuse, which are common in other personality disorders. The ...

267

Personality Trait Development in Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the middle part of the 20th century, a healthy dialogue existed between sociology and personality psychology. Leading scholars\\u000a in sociology actively discussed the relationship between social structure and personality (Neugarten, 1968; Parsons, 1942), and between organizations and personality (Inkeles & Levinson, 1963). In turn, many personality psychologists studied similar phenomena (e.g., Sanford, 1956; Sarbin, 1964). However, over the past

Brent W. Roberts; Richard W. Robins; Kali H. Trzesniewski; Avshalom Caspi

268

Methodology Review: Evaluating Person Fit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews person-fit methods based on classical test theory and item response theory and the methods investigating particular types of response behavior on tests. Discusses similarities and differences among person-fit methods and their advantages and disadvantages. The usefulness of person-fit statistics for improving measurement depends on the…

Meijer, Rob R.; Sijtsma, Klaas

2001-01-01

269

Personality, gender and brain oscillations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between personality structure and brain activity of individuals while resting with eyes closed. In the experiment 110 individuals participated (55 males and 55 females). They were clustered into 5 personality types according to the dimensions of general and emotional intelligence, and the five-factor personality model (FFM) — extraversion (E), neuroticism

Norbert Jaušovec; Ksenija Jaušovec

2007-01-01

270

Ambient Intelligence with Personal Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambient intelligence with personal media is an emergent area that has impact on scientific discovery in life science, healthcare and social studies. The paper introduces case studies in building those personal media for scientific discovery. Feature tracking and feature registration are two major technical challenges in the personal media based data mining. The author explores the relative object registration method

Yang Cai

271

Catholic Universities and Juridic Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author maintains that a Catholic university does not need to be established as a separate juridic person to be subject to rights and obligations in canon law. The Church's law allows a group or persons or things to join together as a juridic person to be recognized by the Church to have rights and obligations in the Church.…

Sheridan, Sean

2011-01-01

272

PERSONAL LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY  

E-print Network

PERSONAL LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY 1. Discuss your Leave of Absence with your supervisor. 2. For additional information on Leaves of Absence and to obtain the Personal Leave Request Form, visit the Human Resources website at http://hr.ucf.edu 3. Submit the completed Personal Leave Request

Wu, Shin-Tson

273

The Power of Personal Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and administrators are often directed to distance themselves from the children in their charge. Despite the land mines that accompany personal relationships with students, the authors argue that educators can still learn to build personal relationships with students. Personal-relationship building is one of the most important skills a…

Mawhinney, Thomas S.; Sagan, Laura L.

2007-01-01

274

Lesson 12a: Various Personalities  

E-print Network

] mjamzito [pregnant woman] chongo [a squint] mwendawazimu; kichaa [mad person] kiguru [disabled person (leg [old woman] kikongwe; mzee [old person] kingori [young man] mtanashati [teenage boy] mume; mwanamume; janadume [man] #12;mwari [young woman] mwanamwali [teenage girl] mke; mwanamke; janajike [woman] tajiri

275

Does Personality Influence Brand Image?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer psychologists have attempted to relate purchase behavior, media choice, innovation, segmentation, and a wide variety of other marketing variables to consumer personality. Results of these studies have been mixed with most studies demonstrating a weak relationship between consumer personality and market behavior. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between human personality using the Myers-Briggs

Matthew D. Shank; Lynn Langmeyer

1994-01-01

276

Personal Safety Street Smart Quiz  

E-print Network

STREET SMARTS Personal Safety Street Smart Quiz: 1. What do you do if a stranger grabs you? (A.T. Clarke Center room 102 McMaster University Security & Parking Services #12;Your personal safety is McMaster University Security & Parking Services' number one priority. We have numerous personal safety devices

Thompson, Michael

277

Distinguishing Personal and Social Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study establishes an empirical distinction between values applied to one's own behaviors and goals (personal values) and the same values applied to other persons' behaviors and to goals one holds for society (social values). This distinction is demonstrated through the construction of seven pairs of personal and social value scales (the Indiana Value Scales) and an examination of their

Daniel J. Mueller; Steven A. Wornhoff

1990-01-01

278

Personality, motivation and video games  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored relationships between personality, video game preference and gaming experiences. Two hundred and thirty-five participants completed an online survey in which they recalled a recent gaming experience, and provided measures of personality and their gaming experience via the Player Experience of Need Satisfaction (PENS) measure. Relationships between game genre, personality and gaming experience were found. Results are interpreted

Daniel Johnson; John A. Gardner

2010-01-01

279

Words matter: distinguishing "personalized medicine" and "biologically personalized therapeutics".  

PubMed

"Personalized medicine" has become a generic term referring to techniques that evaluate either the host or the disease to enhance the likelihood of beneficial patient outcomes from treatment interventions. There is, however, much more to personalization of care than just identifying the biotherapeutic strategy with the highest likelihood of benefit. In its new meaning, "personalized medicine" could overshadow the individually tailored, whole-person care that is at the bedrock of what people need and want when they are ill. Since names and definitional terms set the scope of the discourse, they have the power to define what personalized medicine includes or does not include, thus influencing the scope of the professional purview regarding the delivery of personalized care. Taxonomic accuracy is important in understanding the differences between therapeutic interventions that are distinguishable in their aims, indications, scope, benefits, and risks. In order to restore the due emphasis to the patient and his or her needs, we assert that it is necessary, albeit belated, to deconflate the contemporary term "personalized medicine" by taxonomizing this therapeutic strategy more accurately as "biologically personalized therapeutics" (BPT). The scope of truly personalized medicine and its relationship to biologically personalized therapeutics is described, emphasizing that the best of care must give due recognition and emphasis to both BPT and truly personalized medicine. PMID:25293984

Cherny, Nathan I; de Vries, Elisabeth G E; Emanuel, Linda; Fallowfield, Lesley; Francis, Prudence A; Gabizon, Alberto; Piccart, Martine J; Sidransky, David; Soussan-Gutman, Lior; Tziraki, Chariklia

2014-12-01

280

DSM-5 Personality Traits and DSM-IV Personality Disorders  

PubMed Central

Two issues pertinent to the DSM-5 proposal for personality pathology, the recovery of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) by proposed DSM-5 traits and the validity of the proposed DSM-5 hybrid model which incorporates both personality pathology symptoms and maladaptive traits, were evaluated in a large undergraduate sample (N = 808). Proposed DSM-5 traits as assessed with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 explained a substantial proportion of variance in DSM-IV PDs as assessed with the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, and trait indicators of the six proposed DSM-5 PDs were mostly specific to those disorders with some exceptions. Regression analyses support the DSM-5 hybrid model in that pathological traits and an indicator of general personality pathology severity provided incremental information about PDs. Findings are discussed in the context of broader issues around the proposed DSM-5 model of personality disorders. PMID:22250660

Hopwood, Christopher J.; Thomas, Katherine M.; Markon, Kristian E.; Wright, Aidan G.C.; Krueger, Robert F.

2014-01-01

281

Personality and psychological health in persons with mild cognitive impairment.  

PubMed

An increasing number of studies have documented the cognitive profile of individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but few studies have investigated the individuals' psychological health and personality traits or how these factors interact with cognition. In the present study, 27 healthy older adults and 30 persons with MCI completed questionnaires covering psychological health, morale, personality, self-efficacy, and self-actualization. The results indicated that individuals with MCI are more depressed, anxious, hostile, and have lower morale than matched healthy older adults. Furthermore, our results show a positive association between the level of depression of MCI persons and the severity of their cognitive dysfunctions. In contrast, there were no group differences on measures of personality traits. Thus, while psychological distress is present in persons with MCI, those individuals are not characterized by differences in personality traits relative to older adults who experience no cognitive impairment. PMID:19860973

Clément, Francis; Belleville, Sylvie; Bélanger, Sara; Chassé, Véronique

2009-06-01

282

Personality and metabolic syndrome.  

PubMed

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has paralleled the sharp increase in obesity. Given its tremendous physical, emotional, and financial burden, it is of critical importance to identify who is most at risk and the potential points of intervention. Psychological traits, in addition to physiological and social risk factors, may contribute to metabolic syndrome. The objective of the present research is to test whether personality traits are associated with metabolic syndrome in a large community sample. Participants (N = 5,662) from Sardinia, Italy, completed a comprehensive personality questionnaire, the NEO-PI-R, and were assessed on all components of metabolic syndrome (waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). Logistic regressions were used to predict metabolic syndrome from personality traits, controlling for age, sex, education, and current smoking status. Among adults over age 45 (n = 2,419), Neuroticism and low Agreeableness were associated with metabolic syndrome, whereas high Conscientiousness was protective. Individuals who scored in the top 10% on Conscientiousness were approximately 40% less likely to have metabolic syndrome (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.41-0.92), whereas those who scored in the lowest 10% on Agreeableness were 50% more likely to have it (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.09-2.16). At the facet level, traits related to impulsivity and hostility were the most strongly associated with metabolic syndrome. The present research indicates that those with fewer psychological resources are more vulnerable to metabolic syndrome and suggests a psychological component to other established risk factors. PMID:20567927

Sutin, Angelina R; Costa, Paul T; Uda, Manuela; Ferrucci, Luigi; Schlessinger, David; Terracciano, Antonio

2010-12-01

283

Personal Cooling System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cool Head, a personal cooling system for use in heat stress occupations, is a spinoff of a channeled cooling garment for space wear. It is portable and includes a heat exchanger, control display unit, liquid reservoir and temperature control unit. The user can eliminate 40 to 60 percent of his body's heat storage and lower heart rate by 50 to 80 beats a minute. The system is used by the Army, Navy, crop dusting pilots, heavy equipment operators and auto racing drivers and is marketed by Life Enhancement Technologies, LLC. Further applications are under consideration.

1986-01-01

284

Personality Disorders in Persons with Gender Identity Disorder  

PubMed Central

Background. Investigations in the field of gender identity disorder (GID) have been mostly related to psychiatric comorbidity and severe psychiatric disorders, but have focused less on personality and personality disorders (PDs). Aims. The aim of the study was to assess the presence of PDs in persons with GID as compared to cisgendered (a cisgender person is a person who is content to remain the gender they were assigned at birth) heterosexuals, as well as to biological sex. Methods. The study sample consisted of 30 persons with GID and 30 cisgendered heterosexuals from the general population. The assessment of PDs was conducted by application of the self-administered Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II PDs (SCID-II). Results. Persons with GID compared to cisgender heterosexuals have higher presence of PDs, particularly Paranoid PD, avoidant PDs, and comorbid PDs. In addition, MtF (transwomen are people assigned male at birth who identify as women) persons are characterized by a more severe psychopathological profile. Conclusions. Assessment of PDs in persons with GID is of great importance as it comprises a key part of personalized treatment plan tailoring, as well as a prognostic factor for sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) outcome. PMID:24959629

Duisin, Dragana; Batinic, Borjanka; Barisic, Jasmina; Djordjevic, Miroslav L.; Vujovic, Svetlana; Bizic, Marta

2014-01-01

285

DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak  

E-print Network

DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak Department of Physics Oregon State University-cost DNA sequencing methods would revolutionize medicine: a person could have his/her full genome sequenced of "personalized medicine" is hampered today by the high cost and slow speed of DNA sequencing methods. We

Zwolak, Michael

286

Temperament Personality Athletes Hockey  

E-print Network

Background: Although much is known about risk for athletic injury, research on the roles of individual differences in personality and temperament on athletic injury has lagged. We hypothesized that professional athletes with high sensation-seeking and extraversion scores, and with low effortful control scores, would experience more injuries over the course of a season, would have more severe injuries, and would miss more total days of play. Methods: Prospective design with questionnaire report at time one and injury tracking throughout an 18-week athletic season. Setting: Professional hockey team in the United States. Participants: Eighteen professional hockey players (ages 21-33). Measurements: Players completed self-report personality (Sensation-Seeking Scale, Form V) and temperament (the Adult Temperament Questionnaire) measures. Quantity and severity of injury, as well as playing time missed, were tracked for 18 weeks. Results: On average, players experienced almost 6 injuries causing a loss of 10 playing days through the season. Those players scoring high on Boredom Susceptibility and Total Sensation-Seeking incurred more total injuries. Those scoring high on temperamental neutral perceptual sensitivity suffered more severe injuries. Conclusions: Athletes who suffered more injuries reported a preference for stimulating environments and boredom with non-stimulating environments. Injury severity was not correlated with sensation-seeking but was related to temperamental perceptual sensitivity. Implications for identification of injury-prone athletes, pre-injury training, and post-injury treatment are discussed.

P Paul; P David; Zachary H. Osborn P; C. Schwebelp

287

Chronology of Personal Computers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document by Ken Polsson "is an attempt to bring various published sources together to present a timeline about Personal Computers." The author has posted this document online as he continues to work on a book project, for which he has browsed extensively through various sources for historical information related to personal computers. The document provides a brief summary of "the essential happenings that shaped the industry." The full text, which contains close to 3,000 entries, is available for purchase. This online document represents the start of the timeline "to show you the quality of the material" and begins in 1947 with the invention of the point-contact transistor amplifier by three scientists at Bell Telephone Laboratories and ends in December, 1977 with a victory by Microsoft in an important legal battle against Pertec, on ownership of the BASIC software Bill Gates and Paul Allen wrote and licensed to MITS. The references are listed in a separate file, which is also available online.

Polsson, Ken.

288

Personalized treatment of pain.  

PubMed

Despite advances made in its understanding and treatment, chronic pain remains an unsolved and all too common problem. One of the main obstacles to successful management of pain is the high variability of many patients regarding both response to treatment and susceptibility to adverse effects, which curtails the utility of therapeutic intervention. Understanding the causes of this variability is an important challenge which may lead to a new era in rational pain management. As described in this review, however, there currently seems to be more than one possible explanation of this variability. Rational personalized pain management must take into consideration both ever-increasing knowledge of pharmacogenetics and pharmacokinetics and a broad, clinically based attitude incorporating co-morbidities, both physical and psychiatric, and concomitant medications. Novel models for testing in-vivo pain processing, for example assessment of conditioned pain modulation (CPM), are also promising approaches to use of rational data for empirical treatment of pain. Last, listening to the patient and understanding the context in which pain has affected his or her life is an important part of maintaining the personal nature of therapeutic interaction with patients suffering from pain. PMID:23292814

Ablin, Jacob N; Buskila, Dan

2013-01-01

289

Toward the personal factory?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Production tools undergo a constant process of miniaturization. Technical, economical, as well as environmental reasons motivate this process. The research in the field of the Microfactory and Nanofactory addresses these issues. The question is how far and how fast will this miniaturization go? Does it make sense to have a factory so small that you can put it on your desk, next to you computer, and start to produce whatever you can imagine? Will Personal Factories (PF) ever exist? We first present different scenarios of the Personal Factory. One approach, which is generally favored by physicists, chemists and biologists, consists in the assembly of atoms or molecules, like LEGO-bricks, to build up complex devices (bottom up). We will not follow this approach in this paper. The second approach consists in the 3D microstructuring of the parts and their assembly (top down). We briefly present different structuring technologies that could apply in the PFs. We then briefly present micro-positioning systems developed at EPFL that could be used in assembly in PF.

Breguet, Jean-Marc; Bergander, Arvid

2001-10-01

290

5 CFR 1201.14 - Electronic filing procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...non-electronic means, i.e. , via postal mail, fax, or personal or commercial delivery...or Clerk of the Board by postal mail, by fax, or by commercial or personal delivery...via traditional means—postal mail, fax, personal or commercial...

2011-01-01

291

Electron Optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface to the third edition; From the preface to the second edition; Acknowledgements; 1. Historical introduction. The fundamental principles of electron optics; 2. The cardinal points of an electron lens; 3. Field plotting and ray tracing: analogue and computational methods; 4. Some electrostatic electron lenses; 5. Magnetic electron lenses; 6. Lens errors: geometrical aberrations; 7. Electronic aberrations; 8. Electron optics and space-charge; 9. Emission systems and electron guns; 10. Deflecting fields; Appendices; Bibliography and author index; Subject index.

Klemperer, O.; Barnett, M. E.

2011-02-01

292

Surfer Beware: Personal Privacy and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In conjunction with the US Federal Trade Commission's Public Workshop on Consumer Information Privacy held June 10-13, 1997, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) has released this short report, based on its review of "100 of the most frequently visited web sites on the Internet." The report discusses the collection of personal information, privacy policies, and browser cookie use at these sites. An appendix table details results of the review in seven categories. EPIC, a public interest research group that focuses on "emerging civil liberties issues and...privacy," offers a wealth of information related to civil liberties and privacy in the networked environment.

1997-01-01

293

Evolutionary genomics of animal personality  

PubMed Central

Research on animal personality can be approached from both a phenotypic and a genetic perspective. While using a phenotypic approach one can measure present selection on personality traits and their combinations. However, this approach cannot reconstruct the historical trajectory that was taken by evolution. Therefore, it is essential for our understanding of the causes and consequences of personality diversity to link phenotypic variation in personality traits with polymorphisms in genomic regions that code for this trait variation. Identifying genes or genome regions that underlie personality traits will open exciting possibilities to study natural selection at the molecular level, gene–gene and gene–environment interactions, pleiotropic effects and how gene expression shapes personality phenotypes. In this paper, we will discuss how genome information revealed by already established approaches and some more recent techniques such as high-throughput sequencing of genomic regions in a large number of individuals can be used to infer micro-evolutionary processes, historical selection and finally the maintenance of personality trait variation. We will do this by reviewing recent advances in molecular genetics of animal personality, but will also use advanced human personality studies as case studies of how molecular information may be used in animal personality research in the near future. PMID:21078651

van Oers, Kees; Mueller, Jakob C.

2010-01-01

294

Personality-relationship transactions revisited.  

PubMed

The transactional paradigm states that people create, maintain, and change their environments according to their personalities. At the same time, the environment reacts back on personality. As social relationships are part of an individual's environment, this likewise implies that there are reciprocal transactions between personality and relationships. However, earlier studies have concluded that adult personality traits are so stable that they have a stronger effect on later relationships, but that relationship effects on personality are negligible. In this article, we contend that personality-relationship transactions should be revisited. We submit that the relative powers of personality versus relationship effects depend on the type of life transition during which the effects take place: Relationship effects on personality development are more likely to emerge in the context of rather normative and highly scripted life transitions, whereas personality effects on relationship development are more likely to occur in the context of rather non-normative life transitions that are less regulated by social expectations. We illustrate these assumptions with examples from our own work and other findings reported in the literature. Furthermore, we theorize that effects of personality-relationship transactions on health also vary with the normativeness of the eliciting life transition. PMID:23927445

Neyer, Franz J; Mund, Marcus; Zimmermann, Julia; Wrzus, Cornelia

2014-12-01

295

31 CFR 575.312 - Iraqi person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...312 Iraqi person. The term Iraqi person means an Iraqi citizen, any person organized under the laws of Iraq, or any person owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a Iraqi national or the Government of...

2010-07-01

296

Older Person's Guide to Joint Replacement  

MedlinePLUS

... Osteoporosis Related Documents PDF Older Person’s Guide to Joint Replacement Download Join our e-newsletter! Resources Older Person’s Guide to Joint Replacement Tools and Tips Printer-friendly PDF Click here ...

297

42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...prescribed: (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...10318, Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

2010-10-01

298

e-Perceptions: Personality Impressions Based on Personal Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the accuracy of personality impressions based on personal websites, a rapidly growing medium for self-expression, where identity claims are predominant. Eighty-nine websites were viewed by 11 observers, who rated the website authors' personalities. The ratings were compared with an accuracy criterion (self- and informant reports) and with the authors' ideal-self ratings. The websites elicited high levels of

Simine Vazire; Samuel D. Gosling

2004-01-01

299

Society diagnosis. III. Person-event-person model  

Microsoft Academic Search

For pt.II see ISMVL-1985, p.212-15 (Canada, 1985). The main goal of society diagnosis is to identify persons involved in a case and partition them into three classes: the innocent, the quality and the unintentional liars by analyzing the testimonies which one gives for or against the others. The authors' research in this area is reviewed, and a novel person-event-person model

T. Chen; T. Kang; H. Guo

1988-01-01

300

46 CFR 530.10 - Amendment, correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. 530.10 Section 530...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. (a) Terms. When used...A to this part. (d) Electronic transmission errors. An authorized person...

2011-10-01

301

46 CFR 530.10 - Amendment, correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. 530.10 Section 530...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. (a) Terms. When used...A to this part. (d) Electronic transmission errors. An authorized person...

2010-10-01

302

46 CFR 530.10 - Amendment, correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. 530.10 Section 530...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. (a) Terms. When used...A to this part. (d) Electronic transmission errors. An authorized person...

2012-10-01

303

Epigenetic perspective on behavior development, personality, and personality disorders.  

PubMed

After 30 years of clinical work and research based on categorical criteria for personality disorders (Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders - DSM IV TR) and (International Classification of Diseases - ICD 10th revision), a solid conceptual understanding and treatment of these disorders have not been established. For the field to move forward, it is imperative that future classifications introduce major revisions of the concept, diagnosis, and classification of personality disorders. This paper proposes one such revision. Based on recent advances in molecular biology and epigenetics, we define personality disorders as maladaptive syndromes developed trough person-environment interaction. We conceptualize maladaptation as a failure of integrative functions of personality (i.e., those that carry out adaptive processes) caused by strong biogenetic dispositions or by pathological environmental effects, or both. Hence, accurate diagnosis of personality disorder depends upon neurobiological (innate) and adaptive (interactive) etiological factors. We propose a 2-step diagnostic algorithm for personality disorders: adaptive processes (i.e., character) are used to diagnose maladaptation, whereas biological aspects (i.e., temperament) are used to specify dominant clinical presentation and for differential diagnosis. We suggest that the term "Personality Disorder" be replaced by a more appropriate term "Adaptation Disorder" as the latter reflects more accurately the real nature of the disorder and distributes the causality of maladaptive syndromes more evenly, between the person and the environment. Diagnostic, research, and treatment advantages of the proposed solution are discussed in some detail. PMID:20562740

Svrakic, Dragan M; Cloninger, Robert C

2010-06-01

304

Personal violence in infantry combat.  

PubMed

Thirty-one soldiers who had killed while in combat and who had subsequent psychiatric examinations were asked about acts of 'personal violence' in Vietna m (acts against persons at close range judged to be unnecessary from a military point of view.) Fourteen reported engagement in personal violence, while nine others reported witnessing such behavior. In this group, all who reported participation in personal violence had volunteered to serve in Vietnam. Significantly more participants reported killing four or more persons in Vietnam than did nonparticipants, and the participants more frequently had a history of arrest prior to military service. As a group, participants could be distinguished from nonparticipants by the average number of positive items present in each of several groupings of precombat variables. Personal violence in combat results from an interaction of individual, group, and situational factors. PMID:1115572

Yager, J

1975-02-01

305

Has Television Personalized Voting Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars and political observers have suggested that television has “personalized” voting behavior in American presidential\\u000a elections by encouraging citizens to cast ballots on the basis of candidate image and personality. Though an oft-heard assertion,\\u000a little solid evidence exists that this is true, and the reinvigoration of partisanship and the persistence of ideological\\u000a conflict suggest personalization may be less pervasive than

Danny Hayes

2009-01-01

306

The distressed (Type D) personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distressed (Type D) personality is an emerging risk marker for poor health outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease.\\u000a Patients with this personality disposition are typified by a general propensity to experience psychological distress. The\\u000a contribution focuses on the impact of Type D personality on psychological distress, quality of life, ventricular tachyarrhythmias,\\u000a and mortality in implantable cardioverter–defibrillator (ICD) patients and

S. S. Pedersen; A. A. Schiffer

307

A Framework for Personal Health Records in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of Internet technology has made it easier for consumers to participate in the management of their own health records. Add to this the proliferation of person-based devices that allow consumers to hold on to electronic copies of their health data (e.g., in their cellphones, PDAs, flash drives). Traditionally, health records have been maintained in hospitals, and patients could

Alvin B. Marcelo

308

Bridging a gap in the proposed personal health record  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging electronic health record infrastructure is guiding records to be stored in repositories that collectively supply a patient's comprehensive health history. However, legal and technological constraints may keep such a system from delivering health histories in a timely manner (i.e., when medical attention is needed). To get around this, we propose a design for a portable personal health record

Wai Gen Yee; Brett Trockman

2006-01-01

309

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

310

Prediction Strategies: Combining Prediction Techniques to Optimize Personalization  

E-print Network

for a specific user in information, such as TV programs. This paper describes a model that can be used to combine exists in several fields, such as electronic stores, digital news provision, digital libraries, and TV that is suitable for that user. Our research is applied in the domain of future personalized TV systems [11

Nijholt, Anton

311

Today's Personal Computers: Products for Every Need--Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at microcomputers manufactured by Altos Computer Systems, Cromemco, Exidy, Intelligent Systems, Intertec Data Systems, Mattel, Nippon Electronics, Northstar, Personal Micro Computers, and Sinclair. (Part I of this article, examining other computers, appeared in the May 1981 issue.) Journal availability: Hayden Publishing Company, 50 Essex…

Personal Computing, 1981

1981-01-01

312

Exploring the Relationship between Personal and Public Annotations  

E-print Network

' personal annotations as they read assigned papers with those they shared with each other using an online of annotations made while reading are directly related to those shared in discussion; (2) some types Today people typically read and annotate printed documents even if they are obtained from electronic

Marshall, Cathy

313

The discovery of the two photosynthetic systems: a personal account  

Microsoft Academic Search

A personal account is given of research leading to the discovery of the two photosystems in oxygenic photosynthesis. The following topics are discussed: transfer of excitation energy to (bacterio)chlorophyll and evidence for two pigment systems, the introduction of absorption difference spectroscopy, the discovery of reaction centers, cytochromes and other intermediates as photosynthetic electron or hydrogen transfer agents. Also discussed are

L. N. M. Ysens

1989-01-01

314

The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their…

Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

2010-01-01

315

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate the association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood, a systematic review of published follow-up data, mainly from observational studies was done. Electronic databases Medline, PsychInfo and PSYNDEXplus were searched from their earliest entries. All studies suggested significant relationships between ADHD and BPD. From a phenomenological point of view

Eugen Davids; Markus Gastpar

2005-01-01

316

The Neuropsychological Correlates of Borderline Personality Disorder and Suicidal Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD), compared with subjects who attempted suicide, to review neuropsychological (NP) function that may predispose to suicidal behaviour along a continuum of high and low lethality. Method: We undertook electronic searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Biosos Reviews, and Cinhal. The searches were restricted to English-language publications from 1985 onward. The search terms borderline

Jeannette LeGris; Rob van Reekum

2006-01-01

317

The Future of Integration, Personalization, and ePortfolio Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most educators accept the premise that, in an ideal world, learning would be delivered in the manner and environment that best suit the needs and learning styles of individual learners. In the future, technologies like personalization, integration, and electronic portfolios will progress toward this ideal by broadening the learning universe. These…

LaCour, Susan

2005-01-01

318

Argentine intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry.  

PubMed

An Intercomparison Programme is being carried out in Argentina for individual monitoring services. The programme was designed to test, on a voluntary basis, the performance of the laboratories that provide individual monitoring services for X and gamma radiation fields in the range from low-level dose up to 100 mSv. Irradiations were performed in full accordance with ISO 4037-3 recommendations by the Regional Reference Centre for Dosimetry (CRRD), belonging to Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). At the same time, several items have been asked to each participant pertaining to the action range, the detectors' characteristics, the laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosemeter evaluation. In this study the evolution of the laboratories' performance throughout the programme, based on ISO 14146 acceptance criteria, is shown. PMID:17848382

Gregori, B N; Papadópulos, S B; Saraví, M; Kunst, J J

2007-01-01

319

Energy consumption of personal computer workstations  

SciTech Connect

The explosive growth of the information age has had a profound effect on the appearance of today`s office. Although the telephone still remains an important part of the information exchange and processing system within an office, other electronic devices are now considered required equipment within this environment. This office automation equipment includes facsimile machines, photocopiers, personal computers, printers, modems, and other peripherals. A recent estimate of the installed base indicated that 42 million personal computers and 7.3 million printers are in place, consuming 18.2 billion kWh/yr-and this installed base is growing (Luhn 1992). From a productivity standpoint, it can be argued that this equipment greatly improves the efficiency of those working in the office. But of primary concern to energy system designers, building managers, and electric utilities is the fact that this equipment requires electric energy. Although the impact of each incremental piece of equipment is small, installation of thousands of devices per building has resulted in office automation equipment becoming the major contributor to electric consumption and demand growth in commercial buildings. Personal computers and associated equipment are the dominant part of office automation equipment. In some cases, this electric demand growth has caused office buildings electric and cooling systems to overload.

Szydlowski, R.F.; Chvala, W.D. Jr.

1994-02-01

320

Person Reliability in Personality Measurement: An Item Response Theory Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the rationale of an item response theory (IRT) model, based on Thurstone scaling, for personality measurement and suggests procedures for (a) estimating the location and slope parameters of the person response curve (PRC), (b) assessing the precision of the estimates, and (c) assessing the model-data fit. The relations…

Ferrando, Pere J.

2004-01-01

321

Personality Traits and Chronic Disease: Implications for Adult Personality Development  

PubMed Central

Objective. Personality traits have been associated with chronic disease. Less is known about the longitudinal relation between personality and disease and whether chronic disease is associated with changes in personality. Method. Participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (N = 2,008) completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory and a standard medical interview at regularly scheduled visits; the Charlson Comorbidity Index, a weighted sum of 19 serious diseases, was derived from this interview. Using data from 6,685 visits, we tested whether personality increased risk of disease and whether disease was associated with personality change. Results. Measured concurrently, neuroticism and conscientiousness were associated with greater disease burden. The impulsiveness facet of neuroticism was the strongest predictor of developing disease across the follow-up period: For every standard deviation increase in impulsiveness, there was a 26% increased risk of developing disease and a 36% increased risk of getting more ill. Personality traits changed only modestly with disease: As participants developed chronic illnesses, they became more conservative (decreased openness). Discussion. This research indicates that personality traits confer risk for disease, in part, through health-risk behaviors. These traits, however, were relatively resistant to the effect of serious disease. PMID:23685925

2013-01-01

322

SERVICE OF MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL PERSONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE  

E-print Network

SERVICE OF MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL PERSONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE Opening hours and organizational chart. It manages all the procedures relating to the temporary or permanent administrative staff, from the beginning to the ending of his relation with the University. Manages all the procedures relating

Escolano, Francisco

323

Personalizing web surfing with semantically enriched personal profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization mechanisms on the web today are clumsy and obtrusive, because users need to log in to multiple websites and enter their personal information and preferences separately for each. In addition, the user profile is dierent for each website and cannot be combined with other information on the web. Using Semantic Web tech- nologies, in particular FOAF, we can identify

Anupriya Ankolekar; Denny Vrandecic

324

Personal Space Boundary of Elderly Persons Living in Retirement Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of angle, approach, and sex of subject on the personal space distance needs of the elderly person was examined. Subjects were 20 females and 20 males, age 65 or older, living in the same retirement housing unit. The behavioral measurement technique showed acceptable test-retest reliability. A significant three-way interaction effect…

Louis, Margaret

325

Person-Fit: Relationship with Four Personality Tests in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Person-fit is a statistical index that can be used as a direct measure of assessment accuracy by analysing response patterns and identifying individuals with aberrant or unusual responses with respect to a testing model. For these individuals test scores may be an inaccurate measure of their true ability. To comprehend person-fit and its…

Dodeen, Hamzeh; Darabi, Maher

2009-01-01

326

Anonymous Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) has attracted major attention to charge toll from motorists without the need for them to stop at toll plazas. For ETC to perform its operations, it requires the identification information of the transponder attached to the windscreen. This convenience of a faster trip is at the cost of the loss of personal autonomy and privacy. This

Muhammad Usman Iqbal; Samsung Lim

2007-01-01

327

Electronic Voting Ronald L. Rivest  

E-print Network

). !Anonymous political contributions... #12;Some personal opinions !More important that no one has their thumb, not replace it. ­ May need to close electronic voting early. ! Votes should be private (anonymous). ­ May of that secret key #12;Where does Alice keep SKA? ! An important question! SKA is Alice's "cyber-soul"; theft

Rivest, Ronald L.

328

Packet personal radiation monitor  

DOEpatents

A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a low-loss sensing network which generates a feedback signal to control the high voltage power supply such that the high voltage bias is recharged to +500 VDC when the current pulses of the sensor, generated by the detection of ionizing radiatonevents, discharges the high voltage bias to +450 VDC. During the high voltage recharge period an audio transducer is activated to produce an audible ''chirp''. The rate of the ''chirps'' is controlled by the rate at which the high voltage bias is recharged, which is proportional to the radiation field intensity to which the sensor is exposed. The chirp rate sensitivity is set to be approximately 1.5 (chirps/min/MR/hr.). The G-M tube sensor is used in a current sensing mode so that the device does not paralyze in a high radiation field. 2 figs.

Phelps, J.E.

1988-03-31

329

Personal Development Planner  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are facing many ever changing and increasing learning needs in our information society. Society is changing at an increasing pace, constantly pushed forward by emerging new information and communication technologies. New and changing demands of society on the individual, both on and off the job, are following these technological changes in a similar pace. In just one generation, information and communications technologies have revolutionised the way we live, learn, work and play. As a result, technical skills, communication skills, knowledge, in short competences are quickly outdated and require constant updating. Jobs for a lifetime have become the exception and are in fact considered undesirable by both the employer and the employee. Therefore, the traditional approach towards learning, which mainly took place during very specific stages of someone’s life, has been replaced by the idea of professional development. The information society has also lead to more active and involved society members, who are increasingly more demanding regarding their personal goals and developments. Individuals are regularly confronted with question such as: are my competences still up-to-date?; is my current job still satisfying and challenging enough?; in what directions can I change my career?; can I improve myself?; what other opportunities do I have? These types of question are not necessarily work related, although they often are.

Vogten, Hubert; Martens, Harrie

330

Personal Fuel Appliance  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress made in Phase I of Stuart's Personal Fueling Appliance Program. Phase I concluded in March 2002 with the demonstration and deployment of several working models. As proposed in the original project plan, working models of the PFA were built to prove feasibility and technically market the concept. Future follow up phases of the project, Phase II and III, will take the concept through prototyping development to pre-production of commercially viable product. The Phase I program successfully demonstrate a home fueling system capable of running on a household circuit, 220V/40 Amp/single phase or equivalent. Connected to a source of ''drinking water'' the system has all the functions necessary to convert water and electricity to high-pressure hydrogen fuel. Pressures of up to 3600 psig were achieved on demonstration systems and higher pressures up to 5000 psig were achieved in the lab. The development program spanned building 3 series of prototypes: White Box (1 unit built 1998), PFA Series 100 (4 units built 1999-2000), and Series 200 (6 units built 2000-02). Advanced in controls and process learned in the PFA program have been embodied in Stuart's larger fuel appliances.

Stuart Energy

2003-12-30

331

Protecting Personal Information Manual  

E-print Network

Access – The entitlement of an individual, his or her authorized representative, or an authorized user to obtain personal information from a custodian. Accuracy – The recording of statements of facts, opinions, determinations or assessments that reflect as near as possible what has been provided by the individual, and what the collector has ascertained, hypothesized or determined to be true Architecture – A framework from which applications, databases and workstations can be developed in a coherent manner, and in which every part fits together without containing a mass of design details; normally used to describe how a piece of hardware or software is constructed and which protocols and interfaces are required for communications. Network architecture specifies the functions and data transmission needed to convey information across a network. Authentication – A method to establish security services by means of simple or strong authentication. There are two kinds of authentication: data origin authentication and peer entity authentication. Client and Referral Management System (CRMS) – an information system which consists of two components: 1) a client management component to assist Health and Community Services in managing demographics, needs, service plans, and specific services for their clients; and 2) a referral

unknown authors

2005-01-01

332

Packet personal radiation monitor  

DOEpatents

A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a low-loss sensing network which generates a feedback signal to control the high voltage power supply such that the high voltage bias is recharged to +500 VDC when the current pulses of the sensor, generated by the detection of ionizing radiation events, discharges the high voltage bias to +450 VDC. During the high voltage recharge period an audio transducer is activated to produce an audible "chirp". The rate of the "chirps" is controlled by the rate at which the high voltage bias is recharged, which is proportional to the radiation field intensity to which the sensor is exposed. The chirp rate sensitivity is set to be approximately 1.5 (chirps/min/MR/hr.). The G-M tube sensor is used in a current sensing mode so that the device does not paralyze in a high radiation field.

Phelps, James E. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01

333

Plotting Maternity in Three Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This performance text examines complexities of personal and maternal identity in family life. Speaking in first, second, and third person voices, the author offers autoethnographic accounts of the tensions between separateness and connectedness, normative and subjective motherhood, and novice and seasoned perspectives. The piece functions as a…

Kinser, Amber E.

2012-01-01

334

Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we provide a comprehensive overview of the topic of Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization. Web Personalization is viewed as an application of data mining and machine learning techniques to build mod- els of user behaviour that can be applied to the task of predicting user needs and adapting future interactions with the ultimate goal of improved user

Sarabjot Singh Anand; Bamshad Mobasher

2003-01-01

335

Indexing media by personal events  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are addressing the problem of organizing and indexing one's personal media. Recent approaches of media indexing use events as media aggregators, but do not fully consider the context in which the media asset has been produced and do not take the personal perspective of the user into account. To this end, we propose a new paradigm for the automated

Javier Paniagua; Ivan Tankoyeu; Julian Stöttinger; Fausto Giunchiglia

2012-01-01

336

Imagery Rescripting for Personality Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagery rescripting is a powerful technique that can be successfully applied in the treatment of personality disorders. For personality disorders, imagery rescripting is not used to address intrusive images but to change the implicational meaning of schemas and childhood experiences that underlie the patient's problems. Various mechanisms that may…

Arntz, Arnoud

2011-01-01

337

Imagery Rescripting for Personality Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imagery rescripting is a powerful technique that can be successfully applied in the treatment of personality disorders. For personality disorders, imagery rescripting is not used to address intrusive images but to change the implicational meaning of schemas and childhood experiences that underlie the patient's problems. Various mechanisms that may be involved in the application of the technique when applied in

Arnoud Arntz

2011-01-01

338

Personal Finance. Common Curriculum Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides the common curriculum goals for the state of Oregon in personal finance, an area of study that relates basic economic concepts and practices to the financial concerns of consumers. These goals were designed to define what should be taught in all public school settings. The common curriculum goals in personal finance are…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

339

Social cognition: Categorical person perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

In attemptingto make sense of others,perceiversregularlyconstructand use categorical representations(e.g. stereotypes)to streamline the person perception process. A debate that has dominated recent theorizing about the nature and function of these representa- tions concerns the conditions under which they are activated in everyday life. The presentarticlereviewsthisworkand considersthe automaticityofcategoryactivationin person perception.

C. Neil Macrae; Galen V. Bodenhausen

2001-01-01

340

Flexible Querying of Personal Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of personal data that users store and access in personal information systems has grown massively. Simple flexible search tools are a necessity for users to be able to access the data they need. In addition, the file organization that is typical in file systems is not a practical logical view anymore as applications may store information across files,

Amélie Marian; Wei Wang

2009-01-01

341

Personal Epistemologies, Work and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper elaborates the role and development of personal epistemologies when learning through and for work. It does this by drawing on explanatory propositions from psychology, sociology and philosophical accounts. The aim here is to go beyond conceptions of epistemological beliefs and to position personal epistemologies as being active,…

Billett, Stephen

2009-01-01

342

Personality Disorders in Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we shall review the research on the co-morbidity between personality disorders and substance use disorders. We shall view the evidence regarding the nature of the co-morbidity, based on both clinical samples and general populations, and discuss associations between substance abuse, overall psychiatric severity and personality disorder. Following this discussion, we shall present some of the research that

Mats Fridell; Morten Hesse

343

Personalized Medicine in Cardiovascular Diseases  

PubMed Central

Personalized medicine is a novel medical model with all decisions and practices being tailored to individual patients in whatever ways possible. In the era of genomics, personalized medicine combines the genetic information for additional benefit in preventive and therapeutic strategies. Personalized medicine may allow the physician to provide a better therapy for patients in terms of efficiency, safety and treatment length to reduce the associated costs. There was a remarkable growth in scientific publication on personalized medicine within the past few years in the cardiovascular field. However, so far, only very few cardiologists in the USA are incorporating personalized medicine into clinical treatment. We review the concepts, strengths, limitations and challenges of personalized medicine with a particular focus on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). There are many challenges from both scientific and policy perspectives to personalized medicine, which can overcome them by comprehensive concept and understanding, clinical application, and evidence based practices. Individualized medicine serves a pivotal role in the evolution of national and global healthcare reform, especially, in the CVDs fields. Ultimately, personalized medicine will affect the entire landscape of health care system in the near future. PMID:23091501

Lee, Moo-Sik; Flammer, Andreas J.; Lerman, Lilach O.

2012-01-01

344

Personal Advice over the Radio  

Microsoft Academic Search

This letter argues that one serious problem facing the psychological profession is that of attempting to curb the airing of radio programs which give advice on personal problems. The effect of this sort of program on the public is injurious, in encouraging persons to apply to themselves advice, often very bad advice, which is given to the client who appears

William U. Snyder

1949-01-01

345

Building Blocks for Personal Brands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the four essential building blocks for personal brands: (1) name; (2) message; (3) channels; and (4) bridges. However, outstanding building materials can only take a person so far. The author emphasizes that vision, determination, faith, a sense of humor, and humility are also required.

Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

2011-01-01

346

The Personality of Hand Surgeons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to investigate some aspects of motivation to practise hand surgery, psychological mindedness and personality characteristics in a group of 212 Hand Surgeons.The data was obtained by administering the Eysenck Personality Inventory, an especially constructed questionnaire, in a group setting at two conferences in Australia.

DAVID HORNE; J. T. HUESTON

1985-01-01

347

Organizational Change and personal mythology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uses personal construct psychology and ideas about personal mythology to explore the significance of our choice of occupation, and the impact of organizational change on our core beliefs and values. Argues for a more sensitive, informed and complex response to resistance to change, and an approach to change management which considers the balance between novelty and security, which manages stability

Mary Frances

1995-01-01

348

Personality Correlates of Polydrug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the personality correlates of heroin addiction, LSD use, and marijuana smoking have been frequently investigated, relatively few data are available to describe the personality or lifestyle variables correlated with the pattern of polydrug abuse. In an attempt to gather such information, 17 polydrug users, selected from a group of 224…

Kilpatrick, Dean G.; And Others

349

Personalized retrieval of sports video  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing demand for effective access to video information from media archives in recent years. Personalized video retrieval is one of the most challenging issues and has spurred a significant interest in many research communities. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to achieve personalized retrieval of sports video, which includes two research tasks: semantic annota-

Yifan Zhang; Xiaoyu Zhang; Changsheng Xu; Hanqing Lu

2007-01-01

350

NASA Personal Property Disposal Manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Personal Property Disposal Manual is issued pursuant to Subchapters E and H of the Federal Property Management Regulations and the Space Act of 1958, as amended. It sets forth policy and procedural guidance for NASA personnel for the reporting, utilization, redistribution, and disposal of installation and contractor-held NASA excess and surplus personal property.

1988-01-01

351

Personalizing access to learning networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe a Smart Space for LearningTM (SS4L) framework and infrastructure that enables personalized access to distributed heterogeneous knowledge repositories. Helping a learner to choose an appropriate learning resource or activity is a key problem which we address in this framework, enabling personalized access to federated learning repositories with a vast number of learning oers. Our infrastructure

Peter Dolog; Bernd Simon; Wolfgang Nejdl; Tomaz Klobucar

2008-01-01

352

The path to personalized medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in personalized medicine, or the use of an individual's molecular profile to direct the practice of medicine, have been greatly enabled through human genome research. This research is leading to the identification of a range of molecular markers for predisposition testing, disease screening and prognostic assessment, as well as markers used to predict and monitor drug response. Successful personalized

Joanne M Meyer; Geoffrey S Ginsburg

2002-01-01

353

Privacy in Mobile Technology for Personal Healthcare SASIKANTH AVANCHA and AMIT BAXI, Intel Labs Bangalore  

E-print Network

and Phrases: Privacy framework, medicine, electronic health record, personal health record, home healthcare3 Privacy in Mobile Technology for Personal Healthcare SASIKANTH AVANCHA and AMIT BAXI, Intel Labs the potential to transform healthcare. Such mHealth technology enables physicians to remotely monitor patients

Kotz, David

354

User Modeling and Recommendation Techniques for Personalized Electronic Program Guides  

E-print Network

preference acquisition modules that handle explicit user preferences, stereotypical information about TV Program Guides for Digital TV. The PPG manages a user model that stores the estimates of the individual user's preferences for TV program categories. This model results from the integration of different

Ardissono, Liliana

355

Accessing personal electronic health records: End users' evaluations  

E-print Network

, Richard Fitton2, Amir Hannan3 1Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare (MATCH of Technology Centre for Healthcare Count % Accessing online MR ever saved calls to GPS in last 12 months No 66. Acknowledgements This work was funded by the Health Foundation and the Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology

Oakley, Jeremy

356

75 FR 45696 - Pipeline Safety: Personal Electronic Device Related Distractions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...initiative on distracted driving may be found at http://www.distractions.gov. Information...practice of distracted driving on our nation's...use of PEDs while driving, and while performing...PED) Related Distractions. Advisory:...

2010-08-03

357

Electronic Prescribing  

MedlinePLUS

... Do you prescribe electronically?” For more information about electronic prescribing, call 1-800-MEDICARE (1-800-633- ... E S eRx eRx Electronic prescribing can help you. Electronic prescribing can keep you safe • Doctors have secure ...

358

21 CFR 880.2420 - Electronic monitor for gravity flow infusion systems.  

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL HOSPITAL AND PERSONAL USE DEVICES General Hospital and Personal Use Monitoring Devices § 880.2420 Electronic monitor for gravity flow...

2014-04-01

359

Personality Diagnosis for Personalized eHealth Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present two different approaches to personality diagnosis, for the provision of innovative personalized services, as used in a case study where diabetic patients were supported in the improvement of physical activity in their daily life. The first approach presented relies on a static clustering of the population, with a specific motivation strategy designed for each cluster. The second approach relies on a dynamic population clustering, making use of recommendation systems and algorithms, like Collaborative Filtering. We discuss pro and cons of each approach and a possible combination of the two, as the most promising solution for this and other personalization services in eHealth.

Cortellese, Fabio; Nalin, Marco; Morandi, Angelica; Sanna, Alberto; Grasso, Floriana

360

Music Training, Cognition, and Personality  

PubMed Central

Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality. PMID:23641225

Corrigall, Kathleen A.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Misura, Nicole M.

2013-01-01

361

Music training, cognition, and personality.  

PubMed

Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality. PMID:23641225

Corrigall, Kathleen A; Schellenberg, E Glenn; Misura, Nicole M

2013-01-01

362

What, Who and Where: Insights into Personalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization is a phenomenon that intrigues and confuses. Personalized offerings promise customer attention, loyalty and safe haven against commoditization. However, these promises do not materialize unless customers accept personalization as a means to enhance their consuming experience. Three points of views are offered to personalization in this paper. An analysis of various personalization concepts shows that the basic concept of

Anne Sunikka; Johanna Bragge

2008-01-01

363

Stills from movies : personal photography and the personal computer  

E-print Network

A system for the capture and combination of video images is proposed as a prototype for a future personal computer that allows free manipulation and intermixing of information from the computer, video, and photography ...

Hourvitz, Leo

1985-01-01

364

Metropolitan Area Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income: 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new release from the BEA shows that "strong earnings growth in 'new economy' industries like business services and communications contributed to rapid personal income growth for the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1999."

365

76 FR 1559 - Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Voting Systems in Union Officer Elections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...electronic tabulation systems where votes are cast non-electronically but counted electronically...or vote taken upon any matter, which is cast in such a manner that the person expressing...in no event by proxy, of a choice * * * cast in such a manner that the person...

2011-01-11

366

Electronics Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site offers a one-stop shop for electronic projects with images, circuits with full descriptions, schematics and diagrams for printed circuit boards (PCBs), integrated circuits, and homemade electronic devices. This site supports an active electronics hobbyist community with free electronics articles, a blog, tutorials, question and answer area, design tips and hints, and an online electronics market with no registration required that allows people to buy and sell electronic parts and devices. This is a good site to search while the old soldering iron is heating up for electronics components, testing equipment, electronic kits, and detailed schematics and diagrams for almost any kind of electronic project including: amplifier, audio and noise, MIDI, counter, radio, simulators, sensors, measurement, temperature detectors, timing and timers, and video.

2009-08-05

367

Solid-State Personal Dosimetry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a web site page, and a data sheet about Personal protection (i.e., space suits) presented to the Radiation and Micrometeoroid Mitigation Technology Focus Group meeting. The website describes the work of the PI to improve solid state personal radiation dosimetry. The data sheet presents work on the active personal radiation detection system that is to provide real-time local radiation exposure information during EVA. Should undue exposure occur, knowledge of the dynamic intensity conditions during the exposure will allow more precise diagnostic assessment of the potential health risk to the exposed individual.

Wrbanek, John D.; Fralick, Gustave C.; Wrbanek, Susan Y.

2005-01-01

368

How to Recieve Personal Revelaiton  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Activity: You are going to make a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father resonds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Items Needed for this activity: (Go get them you\\'ll use them for this activity. If you don\\'t have your scriptures at home, used the links below.) -Scriptures -Pencil -Journal Read the following scriptures and underline the keywords you find that teach you how we receive personal revelation. Scripture #1:D C 8:2-3 Turn to the scripture above and ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-03

369

Predicting occupational personality test scores.  

PubMed

The relationship between students' actual test scores and their self-estimated scores on the Hogan Personality Inventory (HPI; R. Hogan & J. Hogan, 1992), an omnibus personality questionnaire, was examined. Despite being given descriptive statistics and explanations of each of the dimensions measured, the students tended to overestimate their scores; yet all correlations between actual and estimated scores were positive and significant. Correlations between self-estimates and actual test scores were highest for sociability, ambition, and adjustment (r = .62 to r = .67). The results are discussed in terms of employers' use and abuse of personality assessment for job recruitment. PMID:10654851

Furnham, A; Drakeley, R

2000-01-01

370

PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Fossum, Barrett / EVALUATION IN EMOTION AND PERSONALITY  

E-print Network

PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN Fossum, Barrett / EVALUATION IN EMOTION AND PERSONALITY Distinguishing Evaluation From Description in the Personality-Emotion Relationship Thyra A. Fossum The Pennsylvania State University Lisa Feldman Barrett Boston College Personality characteristics and emotional

Barrett, Lisa Feldman

371

Overdose Deaths Among Homeless Persons  

MedlinePLUS

... Deaths Among Homeless Persons From Abuse to Addiction Dec 2012 NIDA in New Orleans—More Highlights from ... Bob Schuster Jan 2011 Remembering Dr. Bruce Rounsaville Dec 2010 HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse Oct 2010 ...

372

Immunomicelles for advancing personalized therapy.  

PubMed

Personalized medicine, which ultimately seeks to afford tailored therapeutic regimens for individual patients, is quickly emerging as a new paradigm in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The idea of casting aside generic treatments in favor of patient-centric therapies has become feasible owing to advances in nanotechnology and drug delivery coupled with an enhanced knowledge of genomics and an understanding of disease at the molecular level. This review highlights polymeric immunomicelles as a class of nanocarriers that have the potential to combine diagnosis, targeted drug therapy, as well as imaging and monitoring of therapeutic response, to render a personalized approach to the management of disease. Smart multi-functional immunomicelles, as the next generation of nanocarriers, are poised for facilitating personalized cancer treatment. This review provides an assessment of immunomicelles as tools for advancing personalized therapy of diseases, with cancer being the major focus. PMID:22917778

Sawant, Rupa R; Jhaveri, Aditi M; Torchilin, Vladimir P

2012-10-01

373

Personalism for public health ethics.  

PubMed

In public health ethics, as in bioethics, utilitarian approaches usually prevail, followed by Kantian and communitarian foundations. If one considers the nature and core functions of public health, which are focused on a population perspective, utilitarianism seems still more applicable to public health ethics. Nevertheless, faulting additional protections towards the human person, utilitarianism doesn't offer appropriate solutions when conflicts among values do arise. Further criteria must be applied to protect the fundamental principles of respect for human life. Personalism offers similar advantages to utilitarianism but warrants more protection to the human person. We suggest a possible adaptation of personalism in the specific field of public health by means of four principles: absolute respect for life or principle of inviolability; subsidiarity and the "minimum" mandatory principle; solidarity; justice and non discrimination. PMID:20567073

Petrini, Carlo; Gainotti, Sabina; Requena, Pablo

2010-01-01

374

Household Products Database: Personal Care  

MedlinePLUS

Product, Manufacturer etc... Advanced Search Auto Products Inside the Home Pesticides Landscape/Yard Personal Care Home Maintenance Arts & Crafts Pet Care Home Office Commercial / Institutional Products Names Types of ...

375

Chemistry of Personalized Solar Energy  

E-print Network

Personalized energy (PE) is a transformative idea that provides a new modality for the planet’s energy future. By providing solar energy to the individual, an energy supply becomes secure and available to people of both ...

Nocera, Daniel G.

376

Personal traits, cohabitation, and marriage.  

PubMed

This study examines how personal traits affect the likelihood of entering into a cohabitating or marital relationship using a competing risk survival model with cohabitation and marriage as competing outcomes. The data are from Waves 1, 3, and 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a rich dataset with a large sample of young adults (N=9835). A personal traits index is constructed from interviewer-assessed scores on the respondents' physical attractiveness, personality, and grooming. Having a higher score on the personal traits index is associated with a greater hazard of entering into a marital relationship for men and women, but the score does not have a significant influence on entering into a cohabitating relationship. Numerous sensitivity tests support the core findings. PMID:24576635

French, Michael T; Popovici, Ioana; Robins, Philip K; Homer, Jenny F

2014-05-01

377

Interpersonal process and borderline personality  

E-print Network

as characterized by rigid and extreme traits. Instead identity diffusion, or under-developed personality organization, characterizes the disorder, as do notable problems with perception and behavioral impulsivity. Three samples of dyads interacting...

Hopwood, Christopher James

2009-05-15

378

Code AI Personal Web Pages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

379

STEPHEN L. ADLER Personal Information  

E-print Network

1 STEPHEN L. ADLER VITA Personal Information Born in New York City, November 30, 1939 A.B. Harvard Schools. Alfred A. Schild Memorial Lecturer, The University of Texas at Austin (April 1981). Robert G

380

The Holocaust: A Personal Encounter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that story is a powerful tool in teaching antiracist education. Presents the personal story of a World War II concentration camp survivor. Discusses the use of Holocaust literature to explore anti-Semitism and racism. (CFR)

Marmor, Margie

1995-01-01

381

36 CFR 223.279 - Personal use.  

...non-commercial use up to the personal-use harvest level. (b) Personal use harvest level. In conjunction with determining sustainable harvest levels under § 223.219, the responsible Forest Officer shall determine personal-use harvest levels for...

2014-07-01

382

ORIGINAL ARTICLES Schizotypal Personality Disorder and MRI  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLES Schizotypal Personality Disorder and MRI Abnormalities of Temporal Lobe Gray of schizophrenics, subjects with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) offer a unique opportunity to evaluate, schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). SPD is characterized by cognitive or perceptual distortions

383

31 CFR 800.221 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

2013-07-01

384

31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

2011-07-01

385

31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

2013-07-01

386

31 CFR 800.221 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

2011-07-01

387

31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.  

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

2014-07-01

388

31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

2012-07-01

389

31 CFR 800.221 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

2012-07-01

390

31 CFR 800.221 - Person.  

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

2014-07-01

391

The Perils of Behavior-Based Personalization  

E-print Network

“Behavior-based personalization” has gained popularity in recent years, whereby businesses offer personalized products based on consumers' purchase histories. This paper highlights two perils of behavior-based personalization ...

Zhang, Juanjuan

392

31 CFR 800.221 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

2010-07-01

393

31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

2010-07-01

394

IsraelNationalCenterfor PersonalizedMedicine  

E-print Network

#12;IsraelNationalCenterfor PersonalizedMedicine An initiative designed to create a state Institute of Science ..................4 What is "personalized medicine"?...............................................................6 Why is the Israel National Center for Personalized Medicine needed? ...........7 How

Shapiro, Ehud

395

Electron Microscopy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews technical aspects of structure determination in biological electron microscopy (EM). Discusses low dose EM, low temperature microscopy, electron energy loss spectra, determination of mass or molecular weight, and EM of labeled systems. Cites 34 references. (CS)

Beer, Michael

1980-01-01

396

Great Talks about Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-19

397

Great Talks about Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-03

398

Is Personalization All About Technology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lot of research and development has pushed the limits of personalization far beyond where they were just a few years ago.\\u000a Yet the major goals of personalization continue to elude us: serving customers what they want, when they want it. Is all this\\u000a research being developed with pure science in mind, or do the new technologies actually solve real

Jack Aaronson

2002-01-01

399

Organic Electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organic electronics covered in this issue, are those in which active electronic or optoelectronic components are composed partly or entirely of organic semiconducting materials. Organic electronics is now entering its second decade as a commercial technology but in many ways is a relatively recent and emerging field. As such, significant advances are being made across a broad range of activities,

J. Lewis; J. Burroughes; Y. Ohmori; K. S. Narayan

2009-01-01

400

Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decision makers must address the issues of (1) just what are electronic communications? (2) how will they help me teach, administer, or survive? and (3) what will it cost in time and money? Electronic mail allows the sending of letters, memos, and messages to anyone who uses the same electronic mail system, and provides most of the options that…

Pollard, Jim; Holznagel, Don

1984-01-01

401

Culture, universals, and the personal.  

PubMed

This chapter summarizes a part of the case that can be made that the individual construction of a personal domain of choice and privacy generalizes across cultures and is not restricted to persons who live within Western or so-called modern societies. The research findings reported here are consistent with the view that persons seek to establish such areas of control in order to maintain a differentiated personal identity and a sense of personal agency. Children, adolescents, and adults from the United States and traditional cultures have been found to identify a class of behaviors and issues as being outside the legitimate sphere of social or moral regulation. Mothers from Western and traditional cultural settings recognize and foster their children's claims to areas of personal choice and privacy. Across cultures, as children mature and move toward adulthood, they lay claim to a broader range of issues and actions as personal matters. Research on adolescent-parent conflict with U.S. and Chinese samples has indicated that these shifts associated with adolescent claims to freedom are the source of most family conflicts. Anthropological accounts of adolescent-parent conflicts in 160 cultures have provided evidence that such conflicts are widespread (Schlegel and Barry, 1991). Finally, we are beginning to obtain evidence that parental overcontrol of personal issues is associated with symptoms of psychological problems in their adolescent children. These research findings are consistent with the proposal (Nucci, 1996) that establishment of a personal domain is an intrinsic feature of normal human development, resulting from the inevitable attempt by individuals to account for and differentiate between their own motives, values, and experiences and those of others. The evidence also points to the fact that such personal issues are coexistent with concerns for interpersonal harmony and social integration. Thus, it is not surprising that the work summarized here also suggests considerable social-class and cultural variation in how the personal is expressed. Such variation is consistent with the assumption that the personal is constructed out of social interactions (Nucci, 1996) that entail reciprocal interchange between individual and societal structures (Turiel, 1996). In Spiro's analysis (1984), the results of such reciprocal structural interaction cannot be accounted for by reducing the analysis of psychological structures in terms of cultural structures and vice versa. Thus, any accurate interpretation of the impact of culture on psychological development must be constrained by features that are peculiar to psychological systems. Extending this to the cross-cultural study of the personal domain, a case can be made for the need to explore such issues at the level of the individual, rather than at the level of the cultural shared-symbol system. On the other hand, this nonreductionist approach and the available evidence rule out the reification of the personal as a culturally empty set of psychological issues. As illustrated in studies of the distribution of rights in relation to gender and social hierarchy among Druze Arabs (Wainryb and Turiel, 1994), the interplay between the personal and the cultural system of roles and obligations provides a rich and contradictory portrait that can be understood only by shifting perspective from the social to the individual and back again without favor. PMID:9348764

Nucci, L

1997-01-01

402

31 CFR 597.314 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 597.314 Person. The term person means an individual or...

2010-07-01

403

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2013-01-01

404

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2010-01-01

405

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2014-01-01

406

7 CFR 1260.106 - Collecting person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.106 Collecting person. Collecting person...

2012-01-01

407

Affordable avatar control system for personal robots .  

E-print Network

??Social robots (personal robots) emphasize individualized social interaction and communication with people. To maximize communication capacity of a personal robot, designers make it more anthropomorphic… (more)

Lee, Jun Ki, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

408

7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

2010-01-01

409

7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.  

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

2014-01-01

410

7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

2012-01-01

411

7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

2011-01-01

412

7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

2013-01-01

413

7 CFR 926.3 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DATA COLLECTION, REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.3 Person. Person means an individual, partnership,...

2010-01-01

414

Affordable avatar control system for personal robots  

E-print Network

Social robots (personal robots) emphasize individualized social interaction and communication with people. To maximize communication capacity of a personal robot, designers make it more anthropomorphic (or zoomorphic), and ...

Lee, Jun Ki, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

415

Personality in cyberspace: personal Web sites as media for personality expressions and impressions.  

PubMed

This research examined the personality of owners of personal Web sites based on self-reports, visitors' ratings, and the content of the Web sites. The authors compared a large sample of Web site owners with population-wide samples on the Big Five dimensions of personality. Controlling for demographic differences, the average Web site owner reported being slightly less extraverted and more open to experience. Compared with various other samples, Web site owners did not generally differ on narcissism, self-monitoring, or self-esteem, but gender differences on these traits were often smaller in Web site owners. Self-other agreement was highest with Openness to Experience, but valid judgments of all Big Five dimensions were derived from Web sites providing rich information. Visitors made use of quantifiable features of the Web site to infer personality, and the cues they utilized partly corresponded to self-reported traits. PMID:16784349

Marcus, Bernd; Machilek, Franz; Schütz, Astrid

2006-06-01

416

Personalized biomedical devices & systems for healthcare applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advancement in micro- and nanotechnology, electromechanical components and systems are getting smaller and smaller and gradually can be applied to the human as portable, mobile and even wearable devices. Healthcare industry have started to benefit from this technology trend by providing more and more miniature biomedical devices for personalized medical treatments in order to obtain better and more accurate outcome. This article introduces some recent development in non-intrusive and intrusive biomedical devices resulted from the advancement of niche miniature sensors and actuators, namely, wearable biomedical sensors, wearable haptic devices, and ingestible medical capsules. The development of these devices requires carful integration of knowledge and people from many different disciplines like medicine, electronics, mechanics, and design. Furthermore, designing affordable devices and systems to benefit all mankind is a great challenge ahead. The multi-disciplinary nature of the R&D effort in this area provides a new perspective for the future mechanical engineers.

Chen, I.-Ming; Phee, Soo Jay; Luo, Zhiqiang; Lim, Chee Kian

2011-03-01

417

The Portable Personal Health Records: Storage on SD Card and Network, Only for One's Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Electronic health record is kept in various hospitals in China. However, each hospital stores patient health records for its own purpose, and the patients do not have their own electronic health records. This does not achieve patient-centered medical service objectives. To this end, we have designed and developed a patient-centered of portable personal health information management system, and the

Guoqiang Ma; Juan Liu; Zhaoyu Wei

2010-01-01

418

PC Board Layout and Electronic Drafting with CAD. Teacher Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide contains 11 units of instruction for a course on computer electronics and computer-assisted drafting (CAD) using a personal computer (PC). The course covers the following topics: introduction to electronic drafting with CAD; CAD system and software; basic electronic theory; component identification; basic integrated circuit…

Bryson, Jimmy

419

Examining the Role of Anxiety and Apathy in Health Consumers' Intentions to Use Patient Health Portals for Personal Health Information Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated college students' attitudes toward and intentions to use personal health portals (PHPs) for managing their personal health information using a survey method. The study also aimed to examine the roles electronic Personal Health Information Management (PHIM) anxiety and apathy play in influencing students' attitudes toward…

Torres, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

420

Personal access to sequence databases on personal computers.  

PubMed Central

A comprehensive package of software has been developed to access nucleic acid and protein sequence databases on stand-alone IBM personal computers. The software combines keyword search on the annotation fields of the data with pattern matching algorithms on the biological sequences. Sequences containing complex sites like promoters or kink sites can be identified as well as sequences that are similar to a query sequence. Protein sequences with particular patterns of amino acids such as hydrophobic regions can be identified as well. Considering the relatively inexpensive hard disks now available, personal computers have become a cost-effective alternative to mainframe processing for sequence databases. PMID:3003686

Doggett, P E; Blattner, F R

1986-01-01

421

Proposed Changes in Personality and Personality Disorder Assessment and Diagnosis for DSM5 Part I: Description and Rationale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major reconceptualization of personality psychopathology has been proposed for DSM-5 that identifies core impairments in personality functioning, pathological personality traits, and prominent pathological personality types. A comprehensive personality assessment consists of four components: levels of personality functioning, personality disorder types, pathological personality trait domains and facets, and general criteria for personality disorder. This four-part assessment focuses attention on identifying

Andrew E. Skodol; Lee Anna Clark; Donna S. Bender; Robert F. Krueger; Leslie C. Morey; Roel Verheul; Renato D. Alarcon; Carl C. Bell; Larry J. Siever; John M. Oldham

2011-01-01

422

A personal computer-based nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy using personal computer-based hardware has the potential of enabling the application of NMR methods to fields where conventional state of the art equipment is either impractical or too costly. With such a strategy for data acquisition and processing, disciplines including civil engineering, agriculture, geology, archaeology, and others have the possibility of utilizing magnetic resonance techniques within the laboratory or conducting applications directly in the field. Another aspect is the possibility of utilizing existing NMR magnets which may be in good condition but unused because of outdated or nonrepairable electronics. Moreover, NMR applications based on personal computer technology may open up teaching possibilities at the college or even secondary school level. The goal of developing such a personal computer (PC)-based NMR standard is facilitated by existing technologies including logic cell arrays, direct digital frequency synthesis, use of PC-based electrical engineering software tools to fabricate electronic circuits, and the use of permanent magnets based on neodymium-iron-boron alloy. Utilizing such an approach, we have been able to place essentially an entire NMR spectrometer console on two printed circuit boards, with the exception of the receiver and radio frequency power amplifier. Future upgrades to include the deuterium lock and the decoupler unit are readily envisioned. The continued development of such PC-based NMR spectrometers is expected to benefit from the fast growing, practical, and low cost personal computer market.

Job, Constantin; Pearson, Robert M.; Brown, Michael F.

1994-11-01

423

uWave: Accelerometer-based Personalized Gesture Rec ognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of low power, low cost accelerometers on consumer electronics has brought an opportunity to perso- nalize gesture-based interaction. We present uWave (8), an efficient personalized gesture recognizer based on a 3-D accelerometer. The core technical components of uWave include quantization of accelerometer readings, dynamic time warping and template adaptation. Unlike statistical methods, uWave requires a single training sample

Jiayang Liu; Zhen Wang; Lin Zhong; Jehan Wickramasuriya; Venu Vasudevan

424

The first insertion devices at SSRL - some personal recollections  

SciTech Connect

The author recounts his experiences with insertion devices at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. His first experiences with wigglers occured at the Cambridge Electron Accelerator, and was carried over to SSRL with the proposal for a six pole electromagnetic wiggler. Most modern undulators, and many wigglers are now designed around permanent magnets, and the origin of this transition at SSRL was rather fortuitous and humorous. It reflects some of the personality characteristics of Klaus Halbach.

Winick, H. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA (United States)

1995-02-01

425

Personality development after physical abuse.  

PubMed Central

Personality development after child abuse was studied in 39 children who had, on average, been admitted to hospital five and a half years previously. In contrast to a control group, the abused children had fewer friends, lower ambitions, and lower self esteem. They were more serious, shy, and subdued on a personality assessment and were more likely than the control children to have behaviour disturbances recorded on a questionnaire for teachers. Their mothers also noted a higher incidence of behaviour disorders than mothers of control children. Child abuse has long term effects on the personality development of children. A long term, child centred approach is needed for abused children to try to prevent some of the sequelae. PMID:6703764

Oates, R K

1984-01-01

426

Cosmological Inflation: A Personal Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a brief review of Cosmological Inflation from the personal perspective of the speaker who almost 30 years ago proposed a way of resolving the problem of Cosmological Horizon by employing certain notions and developments from the field of High Energy Physics. Along with a brief introduction of the Horizon and Flatness problems of standard cosmology, this lecture concentrates on personal reminiscing of the notions and ideas that prevailed and influenced the author's thinking at the time. The lecture then touches upon some more recent developments related to the subject including exact solutions to conformal gravity that provide a first principles emergence of a characteristic acceleration in the universe and concludes with some personal views concerning the direction that the cosmology field has taken in the past couple of decades and certain speculations some notions that may indicate future directions of research.

Kazanas, Demos

2008-01-01

427

Understanding the Person through Narrative  

PubMed Central

Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed. PMID:21994820

Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

2011-01-01

428

Personal Health Maintenance for Children  

PubMed Central

The foundations for lifelong responsibility for personal health maintenance are laid down in childhood. Personal health maintenance for children is important for a healthy childhood, for a healthy adulthood and for the development of positive values about health, personal health responsibility and the use of health services. Present knowledge in this area is weak but growing. Five areas of development are highlighted: (1) the cognitive understanding of health and disease, (2) a psychological sense of control over health, (3) parental and media influences on health behaviors, (4) school health education and (5) training by health professionals about self-management of childhood illness and health services usage patterns. Implications for current practice are developed. PMID:6395496

Richmond, Julius B.; Kotelchuck, Milton

1984-01-01

429

Dysfunctional beliefs and antisocial personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beck identified dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders and these form the basis of the Personality Belief Questionnaire (PBQ). The PBQ has not yet been empirically examined in relation to antisocial personality disorder (ASPD); here, we examined the associations between PBQ antisocial beliefs and ASPD diagnosis, identified using the International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE). Adult male prisoners were grouped as

Mary McMurran; Gary Christopher

2008-01-01

430

32 CFR 806b.5 - Personal notes.  

...Privacy Act Program § 806b.5 Personal notes. The Privacy Act does not apply to personal notes on individuals used as memory aids. Personal notes may become Privacy Act records if they are retrieved by name or other personal identifier and at least one...

2014-07-01

431

The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the interface between personality psychology and economics. We examine the predictive power of personality and the stability of personality traits over the life cycle. We develop simple analytical frameworks for interpreting the evidence in personality psychology and suggest promising avenues for future research. The paper…

Borghans, Lex; Duckworth, Angela Lee; Heckman, James J.; ter Weel, Bas

2008-01-01

432

Predicting Personality with Social Behavior Sibel Adali  

E-print Network

Predicting Personality with Social Behavior Sibel Adali Department of Computer Science Rensselaer to which degree behav- ioral measures can be used to predict personality. Personality is one factor that personality can be predicted relatively accurately by analyzing social media profiles. We demonstrated

Golbeck, Jennifer

433

Games as Personality Profiling Tools Authors anonimized  

E-print Network

Games as Personality Profiling Tools Authors anonimized Abstract--In this paper we investigate whether a personality profile can be determined by observing a player's behavior in a game. Five personality traits are used to define a personality profile. They are adopted from the Five Factor Model

Spronck, Pieter

434

Person-centred Care "A patient  

E-print Network

Person-centred Care #12;"A patient is a person who is more than their disease" #12;GPCC The University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-centred care (GPCC) was established in 2010 with support from. Uniquely GPCC has evaluated the effects of person-centred care carried out in a structured manner. Among

Johannesson, Henrik

435

Personality Theories for the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classic personality theories, although intriguing, are outdated. The five-factor model of personality traits reinvigorated personality research, and the resulting findings spurred a new generation of personality theories. These theories assign a central place to traits and acknowledge the crucial role of evolved biology in shaping human…

McCrae, Robert R.

2011-01-01

436

Personality Predictors of Participation as a Mentor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the personality characteristics of mentors. Design/methodology/approach: The five factor model of personality was used to examine relationships between personality and participation as a mentor. A sample of 194 practicing veterinarians were surveyed on the five factor model of personality and a…

Niehoff, Brian P.

2006-01-01

437

Editor's Introduction: Personality and the Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is the editor's introduction to this special issue concerning personality and the environment. Topics reviewed include: personality assessment, assessment of environmental dispositions, the domain of environmental acts, personal disposition, interactionism, and the development of the concept of personality in ecological terms. (BT)

Craik, Kenneth H.; McKechnie, George E.

1977-01-01

438

On congruence between brand and human personalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research paper is to uncover the relations between brand and human personality by identifying brand preferences of consumers with different personality types. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on the existing literature, 15 propositions are suggested linking Ekelund's DI types as parsimonious proxies of human personality and brand personality dimensions as suggested by Aaker. Propositions were tested

Natalia Maehle; Rotem Shneor

2010-01-01

439

Hypnosis creates multiple personality: Myth or reality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since before the turn of the century, multiple personality has been associated with hysteria and hypnosis. The myth that hypnosis can create multiple personality is examined in this paper by reviewing studies that have suggested or implied a casual link between hypnosis and multiple personality. While it is possible that personality fragments can appear under hypnosis, there is no evidence

Bennett G. Braun

1984-01-01

440

Critical Factors Affecting Personal Software Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal software process quality helps determine the success of software projects and organizations. Although encouraging, previous studies treated the Personal Software Process approach as a black-box tool for personal process improvement. We dig deeper into the factors affecting personal processes. It is concluded that A\\/FR (appraisal to failure ratio) and Yield (percentage of defects removed before first compile) are two

Xiaoming Zhong; Nazim H. Madhavji; Khaled El Emam

2000-01-01

441

Changing Systems To Personalize Learning: Introduction to the Personalization Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a workshop designed to help high school change teams increase their understanding of personalized learning and learn ways to adapt existing practices to improve student engagement. The series draws from six years of assisting schools that have been struggling to find ways for their diverse students to meet uniform expectations. It is also…

Clarke, John; Miles, Sherri, Ed.

442

Personal Development Planning: Pedagogy and the Politicisation of the Personal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects the findings of an initial investigation of the origins of Personal Development Planning (PDP) and is part of a wider study of the impacts and influences of the implementation. Through an analysis of the socio-political contexts within which PDP as a set of educational processes took form, together with the many theories and…

Tymms, Mark; Peters, John; Scott, Ian

2013-01-01

443

Personality Dynamics: Insights From the Personality Social Cognitive Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychodynamic and social cognitive approaches to personality assessment converge now more so than at any time in the history of experimental psychology. This contribution seeks to make this point. First, the trait of neuroticism predisposes one to multiple adverse outcomes, a point not sufficiently captured by the current version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.

Michael D. Robinson; Kathryn H. Gordon

2011-01-01

444

The personal information environment beyond the personal computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interface to personal computers has changed little in more than 30 years since the landmark Xerox Star. Beneath layers of metaphor for the user, and window management system abstractions for the developer, there is a deep underlying model of disk + processing + screen & mouse\\/keyboard. While the mouse and physical keyboard have sometimes morphed into touch screen and

Alan Dix; Steve Howard

2011-01-01

445

Personal Computers in Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Personal computers have proved useful in several identifiable areas of clinical research support. However, they have limitations. Popular microcomputer systems typically fail to meet all of the traditional data processing requirements of serious clinical investigators — usually because of software restrictions. Objective evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of these small systems, and particularly of their software, ensures effective use of research budgets and personnel. An analysis of clinical research needs that personal computers serve well, and of those that they serve poorly, is therefore presented.

McAlister, Neil; Andrews, David

1984-01-01

446

Personalized recommendation with corrected similarity  

E-print Network

Personalized recommendation attracts a surge of interdisciplinary researches. Especially, similarity based methods in applications of real recommendation systems achieve great success. However, the computations of similarities are overestimated or underestimated outstandingly due to the defective strategy of unidirectional similarity estimation. In this paper, we solve this drawback by leveraging mutual correction of forward and backward similarity estimations, and propose a new personalized recommendation index, i.e., corrected similarity based inference (CSI). Through extensive experiments on four benchmark datasets, the results show a greater improvement of CSI in comparison with these mainstream baselines. And the detailed analysis is presented to unveil and understand the origin of such difference between CSI and mainstream indices.

Zhu, Xuzhen; Cai, Shimin

2014-01-01

447

Pattern Alteration: Personal Measurement Chart  

E-print Network

waist 2 inches (5.1 cm) *1 inch (2.5 cm) 17. Side length ? Waist to desired length 0 inches *Ease needed for stretchy knits The Pattern Alteration series includes the following leafl ets: E?372, Principles of Pattern Alteration E?373, Personal... waist 2 inches (5.1 cm) *1 inch (2.5 cm) 17. Side length ? Waist to desired length 0 inches *Ease needed for stretchy knits The Pattern Alteration series includes the following leafl ets: E?372, Principles of Pattern Alteration E?373, Personal...

2006-02-09

448

Family Living and Personal Living  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find links for various projects for Family Living and Personal Living classes. FAMILY LIVING Wayne County Clerk - Marriage License The Knot Martha Stewart Weddings *Travel Planning Sites* Northwest Airlines Amtrak Travelocity Spirit Air Orbitz PERSONAL LIVING (and Parenting): *Alcohol Research* Alcohol and Public Health - CDC MedlinePlus: Alcoholism NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism *Birth Control* Health and Wellness Resource Center - - start at this site by typing Birth Control in the search bar on the right of the screen and select "full text articles" and consumer heatlh. It will list a range of birth ...

Schultz, Ms.

2007-11-05

449

Unborn children as constitutional persons.  

PubMed

In Roe v. Wade, the state of Texas argued that "the fetus is a 'person' within the language and meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment." To which Justice Harry Blackmun responded, "If this suggestion of personhood is established, the appellant's case, of course, collapses, for the fetus' right to life would then be guaranteed specifically by the Amendment." However, Justice Blackmun then came to the conclusion "that the word 'person,' as used in the Fourteenth Amendment, does not include the unborn." In this article, it is argued that unborn children are indeed "persons" within the language and meaning of the Fourteenth and Fifth Amendments. As there is no constitutional text explicitly holding unborn children to be, or not to be, "persons," this argument will be based on the "historical understanding and practice, the structure of the Constitution, and thejurisprudence of [the Supreme] Court." Specifically, it is argued that the Constitution does not confer upon the federal government a specifically enumerated power to grant or deny "personhood" under the Fourteenth Amendment. Rather, the power to recognize or deny unborn children as the holders of rights and duties has been historically exercised by the states. The Roe opinion and other Supreme Court cases implicitly recognize this function of state sovereignty. The states did exercise this power and held unborn children to be persons under the property, tort, and criminal law of the several states at the time Roe was decided. As an effect of the unanimity of the states in holding unborn children to be persons under criminal, tort, and property law, the text of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment compels federal protection of unborn persons. Furthermore, to the extent Justice Blackmun examined the substantive law in these disciplines, his findings are clearly erroneous and as a whole amount to judicial error. Moreover, as a matter of procedure, according to the due process standards recognized in Fifth Amendment jurisprudence of the Supreme Court, Roe v. Wade should be held null and void as to the rights and interests of unborn persons. PMID:20443281

Roden, Gregory J

2010-01-01

450

Electronic Photography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main objective was to assist in the production of electronic images in the Electronic Photography Lab (EPL). The EPL is a new facility serving the electronic photographic needs of the Langley community. The purpose of the Electronic Photography lab is to provide Langley with access to digital imaging technology. Although the EPL has been in operation for less than one year, almost 1,000 images have been produced. The decision to establish the lab was made after careful determination of the centers needs for electronic photography. The LaRC community requires electronic photography for the production of electronic printing, Web sites, desktop publications, and its increased enhancement capabilities. In addition to general use, other considerations went into the planning of the EPL. For example, electronic photography is much less of a burden on the environment compared to conventional photography. Also, the possibilities of an on-line database and retrieval system could make locating past work more efficient. Finally, information in an electronic image is quantified, making measurements and calculations easier for the researcher.

Payne, Meredith Lindsay

1995-01-01

451

Adi Fux, Mor Peleg, Pnina Soffer, Silvana Quaglini, Matteo Gabetta. Eliciting Knowledge for an Ontology for Personalizing Medical Decision-Making. International  

E-print Network

to the patient's clinical data that are often codified in the patient's electronic health record. However recommendations. Another hurdle for personalizing DSSs is that this personal information is recorded in electronic health records as an unstructured textual remarks that are difficult for automatic analysis. In order

Peleg, Mor

452

Adult Personality Development: Dynamics and Processes  

PubMed Central

The focus of this special issue of Research in Human Development is on adult personality and how personality may contribute to and be involved in adult development. Specifically, the contributions in this issue focus on the links between personality structures (e.g., traits) and personality processes (e.g., goal pursuit, self--regulation) and emphasize the contributions that intensive repeated measurement approaches can make to the understanding of personality and development across the adult life span. PMID:24068889

Diehl, Manfred; Hooker, Karen

2013-01-01

453

Communications Electronics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the third in a series of electronics publications and serves as a supplement to "General Electronics Technician." It is designed to provide students with an overview of the broad field of communications. Included are those tasks above the basic skills level that allow students to progress to a higher level of competency in the…

Vorderstrasse, Ron; Siebert, Leo

454

Electronics Infoline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, presented by Electronics Infoline, has exciting electronics, computer, science projects and activities. These are free projects for professionals, students and simply enthusiasts. The page lists activities, displays images and detailed diagrams helping the user to create these projects. This website is great for student or class projects.

2008-10-29

455

Electron gun  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 100 kV electron gun with field emission electrode for analytical electron microscopy was improved. A tetrode concept was used to obtain brightness values of 100 million to 1 billion A\\/sq cm. Using a ceramic insulator, safe control of the accelerating voltage without misdischarges is assured. The basis for routine and automated operation of the gun is provided by the

D. Kurz

1985-01-01

456

Electronic Banker  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Faulkner & Gray's Electronic Banker is a new Web magazine and Internet resource guide on bank industry issues. Daily news bulletins are posted at the Newswire page, and the site also hosts a searchable archive of news articles (November 10, 1998-present). Electronic Banker's Internet resource guide features Web links organized into four basic topics: banking associations, brokerage houses, consultants, and financial services vendors.

457

Electronic Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This workshop introduced the barriers and challenges clients with disabilities face when using electronic resources. It introduced screen-readers and used them to evaluate the accessibility of three aggregator databases: EBSCOhost, INFOTRAC, and FirstSearch Electronic Collections Online. Conclusions about the accessibility of each database were presented.

Cheryl Riley

2004-01-01

458

Printed electronics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Printed electronic device comprising a substrate onto at least one surface of which has been applied a layer of an electrically conductive ink comprising functionalized graphene sheets and at least one binder. A method of preparing printed electronic devices is further disclosed.

Crain, John M. (Inventor); Lettow, John S. (Inventor); Aksay, Ilhan A. (Inventor); Korkut, Sibel A. (Inventor); Chiang, Katherine S. (Inventor); Chen, Chuan-hua (Inventor); Prud'Homme, Robert K. (Inventor)

2012-01-01

459

Person Resolution in Person Search Results: WebHawk Xiaojun Wan*  

E-print Network

Person Resolution in Person Search Results: WebHawk Xiaojun Wan* Institute of Computer Science is difficult because there is a many-to-many mapping be- tween person names and specific persons (i.e. referents). This paper describes a person resolution system, called WebHawk. Given a list of pages obtained

Tian, Qi

460

Utility of the minnesota multiphasic personality inventory personality disorder scales with adolescent psychiatric inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality disorders play an important role in the treatment of many adult psychiatric disorders. Current research has begun to examine the role of personality disorders in adolescent psychopathology. Unfortunately, there is limited research available to document the reliability and validity of personality disorder assessment measures for use with adolescent psychiatric patients. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Personality Disorder Scales

Stacy R. Freiheit; James C. Overholser; David C. Brinkinan-Sull

1996-01-01

461

What is Personal Training? Personal Training offers a one-on-one  

E-print Network

PERSONAL TRAINING What is Personal Training? Personal Training offers a one-on-one private workout program, your Personal Trainer will help you reach your goals. Learn the different weight training will begin your Personal Training program with a fitness assessment, which will give the trainer

McConnell, Terry

462

Personal Qualities and College Admissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which personal and academic factors are important in college admission decisions was studied in 1978, based on data on 25,000 applicants to 9 colleges (Colgate University, Williams College, Ohio Wesleyan University, Kenyon College, Kalamazoo College, Occidental College, Hartwick College, University of Richmond, and Bucknell…

Willingham, Warren W.; Breland, Hunter M.

463

Personal Responsibility in the Gymnasium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Developing Capable People, an elementary physical education discipline plan that facilitates positive change in how physical educators manage their gyms and students manage themselves. The premise is that decision-making skills, interpersonal skills, and acceptance of personal responsibility for one's actions are better learned when…

Kahan, David; McKnight, Regina

1998-01-01

464

Toward exercise as personalized medicine.  

PubMed

The early 21st century has witnessed a steady push by scientists, industry leaders, and government officials to make medicine more personalized. To date, the concept of personalized medicine has referred largely to the field of pharmacogenomics. In contrast, relatively few data exist regarding the application of preventive strategies such as physical exercise in the context of personalized medicine. Within this review, we highlight the extant literature and propose five strategies for scientists that may propel the exercise and sports science fields toward this global goal. Notably, these approaches are in addition to methods to maintain adherence to training - a well-known factor in determining exercise responsiveness. Briefly, these strategies include (1) evaluating participant responses to training at the individual as well as group level; (2) identifying sources of variability in responsiveness to training; (3) optimizing exercise dosing strategies to maximize benefits while minimizing barriers to participation; (4) evaluating the efficacy of multimodal interventions for relevant population subgroups; and (5) increasing the clinical relevance of study populations and outcomes in exercise trials. We look forward to seeing these strategies considered in trials of preventive health interventions such as exercise. Extensive future research in this area is needed for the vision of exercise as a personalized form of medicine to become a reality. PMID:23382011

Buford, Thomas W; Roberts, Michael D; Church, Timothy S

2013-03-01

465

Interoperability of personal health records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal health records (PHR's) and related services are emerging rapidly. Currently, most PHR's are isolated and do not communicate with other systems. Standards for interoperability exist, but they are oriented towards clinical applications. However, a substantial part of a typical PHR consists of non-clinical information such as a health diary. The present paper highlights the requirements related to exchanging non-clinical

Jaakko Lähteenmäki; Juha Leppänen; Hannu Kaijanranta

2009-01-01

466

Personal Data and the Press.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spurred on by a July 1973 report of an advisory committee to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), a movement seems to be building to enact statutory protection for the privacy of personal data in government computers and other records storage systems. This effort to protect privacy poses challenges to statutory protection of…

Terry, Herbert A.

467

Governance for Personal Health Records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal health records (PHR) are a modern health technology with the ability to engage patients more fully in their healthcare. Despite widespread interest, there has been little discussion around PHR governance at an organizational level. We develop a governance model and compare it to the practices of some of the early PHR adopters, including hospitals and ambulatory care settings, insurers

Shane R Reti; Henry J Feldman; Charles Safran

2010-01-01

468

Personal health records: an evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cohort of mothers whose babies were born over one calendar month were followed up eight to 11 months after being given a personal health record for their newborn babies. Eight per cent of mothers lost the records and three more said they had not been given a record while in hospital; a total of 10% of mothers had either

S OFlaherty; E Jandera; J Llewellyn; M Wall

1987-01-01

469

Project Care: A Personalized Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental dropout prevention program in which selected high school students are assigned to a "homeroom" teacher who gives each student extra personal attention and works with each student and his parents to develop the best educational plan for the student. (JG)

Hoyt, William

1975-01-01

470

BUILDING EVACUATION Take personal belongings  

E-print Network

BUILDING EVACUATION PROCEDURES Take personal belongings (keys, purses, wallets, etc.) Follow. SUSPICIOUS OBJECT / PACKAGE Do not touch or disturb the object or package. Call ECU Police at 328 University Emergency Procedures Quick Reference FIRE Activate the nearest fire alarm and call 911. Confine

471

PERSONAL MONITOR FOR NITROGEN DIOXIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

An attempt was made to develop a personal monitor to measure nitrogen dioxide. Sampling of nitrogen dioxide is accomplished by permeation through a silicone membrane into a alkaline thymol blue solution. The nitrogen dioxide is converted to nitrite and is then quantitated by colo...

472

Personality Profile of Adolescent Runaways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the history of adolescent runaway behavior indicates that it has become a social and psychological problem of significant proportions. This study investigated the use of a personality measure that was hypothesized to be representative of a cluster of behaviors associated with running away. The study also sought to determine a…

Rohr, Michael E.

473

Is personalized medicine finally arriving?  

PubMed

It's no gold rush, but dozens of players are emerging in personalized medicine, with biotechs, big and small, leading the way. Some big pharma companies and even payers remain skeptical, but economics aside, the real winners will be patients. PMID:18464779

Allison, Malorye

2008-05-01

474

Toward Exercise as Personalized Medicine  

PubMed Central

The early 21st century has witnessed a steady push by scientists, industry leaders, and government officials to make medicine more personalized. To date, the concept of personalized medicine has referred largely to the field of pharmacogenomics. In contrast, relatively few data exist regarding the application of preventive strategies such as physical exercise in the context of personalized medicine. Within this review, we highlight the extant literature and propose five strategies for scientists that may propel the exercise and sports science fields toward this global goal. Notably, these approaches are in addition to methods to maintain adherence to training – a well-known factor in determining exercise responsiveness. Briefly, these strategies include (1) evaluating participant responses to training at the individual as well as group level; (2) identifying sources of variability in responsiveness to training; (3) optimizing exercise dosing strategies to maximize benefits while minimizing barriers to participation; (4) evaluating the efficacy of multimodal interventions for relevant population subgroups; and (5) increasing the clinical relevance of study populations and outcomes in exercise trials. We look forward to seeing these strategies considered in trials of preventive health interventions such as exercise. Extensive future research in this area is needed for the vision of exercise as a personalized form of medicine to become a reality. PMID:23382011

Roberts, Michael D.; Church, Timothy S.

2013-01-01

475

The Personal Computer and Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

n contrast to the large and rapidly growing literature on information technology (IT) investments and firm productivity, we know very little about the role of personal computers in business creation. Using matched data from the 1997-2001 Computer and Internet Usage Supplements to subsequent Outgoing Rotation Group files from the Current Population Survey (CPS), I explore the relationship between computer ownership

Robert W. Fairlie

2006-01-01

476

HIPAA Procedure 5038 Personal Representatives  

E-print Network

members are generally deemed next of kin in the following order: Spouse Adult children Parents Adult lawfully obtain such health care service without the consent of a parent, guardian, or other person acting service. Without parental consent, minors may consent to their own:HIV testing and treatment treatment

477

Genocide in Rwanda: Personal reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 100 days which followed the assassination of the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi on 6 April 1994 up to a million people, mainly members of the Tutsi tribe, were massacred in Rwanda. This paper describes the consequences and provides a personal view regarding the factors that, taken together, explain this awful act of genocide. Factors that are considered

Colin MURRAY Parkes

1996-01-01

478

A Personal History Institute Professor  

E-print Network

Macsyma: A Personal History Joel Moses Institute Professor Professor of Computer Science the supervision of Marvin Minsky in 1961[1]. Minsky is one of the founders of the field of Artificial Intelligence to work on new applications of artificial intelligence, rather than improve old ones. My initial work thus

Moses, Joel

479

Person Identification Using Multiple Cues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a person identification system based on acoustic and visual features. The system is organized as a set of non-homogeneous classifiers whose outputs are integrated after a normalization step. In particular, two classifiers based on acoustic features and three based on visual ones provide data for an integration module whose performance is evaluated. A novel technique for the

Roberto Brunelli; Daniele Falavigna

1995-01-01

480

Author's personal copy Review Article  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Review Article Middle atmosphere dynamics with gravity wave interactions in the numerical spectral model: Tides and planetary waves H.G. Mayr a,n , J.G. Mengel 1,b , K.L. Chan c , F, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA b Science Systems and Applications Inc., Lanham, MD, USA c University of Science

Chan, Kwing Lam

481

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  

E-print Network

as virtuous. For example, thinking about the true self leads to increased self-esteem (Andersen & Williams to pull him out of his rut of bad habits. Hold up to him his better self, his REAL self that can dare of psychological properties that we may describe as a person's "true" (or "authentic," or "real") self. This notion

Knobe, Joshua

482

Was Adam a Real Person?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

Lamoureux, Denis O.

2011-01-01

483

Nurses' professional and personal values.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to measure professional and personal values among nurses, and to identify the factors affecting these values. The participants were 323 Israeli nurses, who were asked about 36 personal values and 20 professional values. The three fundamental professional nursing values of human dignity, equality among patients, and prevention of suffering, were rated first. The top 10 rated values all concerned nurses' responsibility towards patients. Altruism and confidentiality were not highly rated, and health promotion and nursing research were rated among the last three professional values. For personal (instrumental) values, honesty, responsibility and intelligence were rated first, while ambition and imagination were rated 14th and 16th respectively out of 18. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found among some personal and professional values rated as functions of culture, education, professional seniority, position and field of expertise. The results may assist in understanding the motives of nurses with different characteristics and help to promote their work according to professional ethical values. PMID:18687816

Rassin, Michal

2008-09-01

484

Personality, Delinquency, and Criminal Recidivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the relationship between PEN profiles, delinquency, and recidivism in young offenders. According to Eysenck, personality is based on three basic Dimensions: Psychoticism, Extraversion, and Neuroticism (PEN-model). Eysenck states that delinquents score high on all three dimensions. A group of young male offenders in a juvenile…

van Dam, Coleta; De Bruyn, Eric E. J.; Janssens, Jan M. A. M.

2007-01-01

485

Author's personal copy Internal Geophysics  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Internal Geophysics Cenozoic Eurasia is not a single rigid plate of the global plate system. However, a by-now large amount of Cenozoic paleomagnetic measurements from widely those expected from the reference Meso-Cenozoic parts of the Apparent Polar Wandering Path (APWP

Cogne, Jean-Pascal

486

Cardiac Response and Personality Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the level and variability of cardiac response during complex problem-solving and interposed rest periods and their differing relationships to estimates of personality integration on the Rorschach. Findings suggest cardiac variability may be a more differentiated measure than level of cardiac response. (Author)

Blatt, Sidney J.; Feirstein, Alan

1977-01-01

487

Alternative Measures of Personal Saving  

Microsoft Academic Search

HE personal saving rate, as defined in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's), has de- clined sharply over the past two decades, falling from a high of about 11 percent in the early 1980s to 1 percent in 2000. This sustained decline has generated concern that saving is now too low to fund adequate capital ac- cumulation or to

Maria G. Perozek; Marshall B. Reinsdorf

2004-01-01

488

Author's personal copy Research Report  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Research Report Quantitative prediction of acute ischemic tissue fate using: Accepted 31 May 2011 Available online 12 June 2011 Accurate and quantitative prediction of ischemic tissue fate could improve decision-making in the clinical treatment of acute stroke. The goal of the present

Duong, Timothy Q.

489

Personality, Intelligence and General Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies, all on student populations, looked at the relationship between a recently psychometrised measure of General Knowledge [Irwing, P., Cammock, T., & Lynn, R. (2001). Some evidence for the existence of a general factor of semantic memory and its components. "Personality and Individual Differences," 30, 857-871], both long and short…

Furnham, Adrian; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas

2006-01-01

490

Natural selection and animal personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Recent progress has been made on the study of personality in animals, both from a mecha- nistic and a functional perspective. While we start knowing more about the proximal mech- anisms responsible for the consistent differences in behaviour between individuals in a pop- ulation, little is known yet about the relationship between the phenotypic distribution of per- sonality traits,

Niels J. Dingemanse; Denis Réale

2005-01-01

491

Biologically weighted personal UV dosimetry.  

PubMed

People are exposed to natural or artificial UV radiation in different ways; unintentionally or intentionally, at their workplace on their spare time. To quantify the amount of individual UV exposure, a personal dosimetry is necessary. In research, polysulphone film (PSF) dosimeters are the most frequently used personal UV dosimeters. We use calculated weighting factors in the measurement processing of polysulphone film dosimeters. The special weighting factor transforms the dosimeter reading from an equivalent UV dose to the biologically effective UV dose. The factor depends on the investigated problem (action spectrum of the photobiological effect and spectral distribution of the incident UV source), the calibration of PSF was carried out once by a monochromatic radiation (gamma = 295 nm). The equivalent dose readings are available from this calibration curve for any investigated question. A presented result of this method is the seasonal measurement of erythemally effective UV exposure by ambient solar radiation, and the individual exposure level in a "normal" person concerning UV exposure and also in groups with the risk of a lack of sunshine. Further applications are occupational measurements of the risk of health damage by UV radiation (with respect to the limit of the maximum permissible 8 h-exposure according to IRPA/INIRC-guidelines). We controlled the extent of UV exposure in workers in the area of arc welding workplaces. The biological weighting of PSF readings simplifies a routine use of PSF in personal UV monitoring to investigators without the expending special measurement technology (e.g. spectroradiometer). PMID:8988614

Knuschke, P; Barth, J

1996-10-01

492

Author's personal copy Research article  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Research article Characterization of glutathione reductase and catalase charac- terized two antioxidant enzymes, glutathione reductase (GR) and catalase (CAT), in the fronds but much smaller increases were observed for P. ensiformis and purified bovine liver catalase (133% and 120

Ma, Lena

493

Personal Law and Consumer Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little doubt at Minnetonka High School that the integrated personal law and consumer problems course is effective. The areas studied promote variety, concentration on vital matters, and student interest in the business department as a source of general education. (Author)

Graf, David

1972-01-01

494

Personal sampler for nitrogen dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new type of personal sampler for gases in air, originally reported from this laboratory, has been adapted to measurement of NO2. The sampler depends on the transfer of NO2 by diffusion to a triethanolamine coated collector at the sealed end of a tube; the open end of the tube is exposed to the test environment. The devices are accurate,

E. D. PALMES; A. F. GUNNISON; J. DiMATTIO; C. TOMCZYK

1976-01-01

495

Turn the Tide: Personal Steps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features nine personal actions to protect the environment, complete with calculators that tally and track our individual and collective impact immediately, plus advocacy to move communities, businesses, and governments to change the way goods are produced and consumed. In order to use the calculators users must fill out a free registration.

2010-05-12

496

Event-Based Personal Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In personal information retrieval, items are associated with events and can be accessed by their relationship to events as well as content. Describes two early projects and a prototype graphical event-based retrieval system comprising file changes, mail messages, active badge sightings, video snapshots, desk diary entries, notes, weather reports…

Bovey, J. D.

1996-01-01

497

Studies of Astrology and Personality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the behavioral evidence of the possible relationship between the movements of the planets and personality variables. Concludes that astrology is a science consisting primarily of false data claims and much further research is required before any supported conclusions can be reached. (Author)

Kelley, I.W.

1979-01-01

498

Supervisor Personality and Task Preference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between an instructional supervisor's behavior and personality. A survey instrument was used to determine how frequently 56 supervisors preferred to perform and actually performed 10 major supervisory tasks. The Rokeach Dogmatism Scale was used to measure the individual's belief-disbelief…

Mikkelsen, Vincent P.; Joyner, Wilton G.

499

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION Name Agency Name Address Agency Number Emergency MILITARY LEAVE NOTIFICATION · I have been ordered to military duty effective . Attached is a copy of my orders. Official verbal notification was received from . MILITARY LEAVE WITH PAY · MILITARY LEAVE

Swaddle, John

500

The personal brand in futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers branding more in line with bringing forth self-knowledge and self-expression than the creation of a cultivated or false self. It's not about selling “new and improved” futures tools. Rather, it's about discovering the inner and authentic you and proclaiming it to your clients. The personal brand is about recognizing who you are and what you do best, and communicating

Andy Hines

2004-01-01