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1

Active electronic personal dosemeter in interventional radiology.  

PubMed

A recently developed active electronic personal dosemeter (AEPD) was utilised in order to measure the levels and the structure of occupational exposure to scattered X-ray radiation of medical staff who performed percutaneous revascularisation therapy that involves interventional radiology (IR) on the pelvis and upper leg arteries. The AEPDs, placed on the operators' and assistants' chests, that is, above the protective apron, continuously measured and recorded the received doses and, as a novelty, dose rates as a function of time, thus yielding a unique record of occupational doses and dose rates pattern at the working place. This paper presents and discusses one typical daily pattern in which seven percutaneous interventions were performed. PMID:19060296

Prlic, I; Suric Mihic, M; Vucic, Z

2008-12-05

2

Type testing of the Siemens Plessey electronic personal dosemeter.  

PubMed

This paper presents the results of a laboratory assessment of the performance of a new type of personal dosimeter, the Electronic Personal Dosemeter made by Siemens Plessey Controls Limited. Twenty pre-production dosimeters and a reader were purchased by Ontario Hydro for the assessment. Tests were performed on radiological performance, including reproducibility, accuracy, linearity, detection threshold, energy response, angular response, neutron response, and response time. There were also tests on the effects of a variety of environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, pulsed magnetic and electric fields, low- and high-frequency electromagnetic fields, light exposure, drop impact, vibration, and splashing. Other characteristics that were tested were alarm volume, clip force, and battery life. The test results were compared with the relevant requirements of three standards: an Ontario Hydro standard for personal alarming dosimeters, an International Electrotechnical Commission draft standard for direct reading personal dose monitors, and an International Electrotechnical Commission standard for thermoluminescence dosimetry systems for personal monitoring. In general, the performance of the Electronic Personal Dosemeter was found to be quite acceptable: it met most of the relevant requirements of the three standards. However, the following deficiencies were found: slow response time; sensitivity to high-frequency electromagnetic fields; poor resistance to dropping; and an alarm that was not loud enough. In addition, the response of the electronic personal dosimeter to low-energy beta rays may be too low for some applications. Problems were experienced with the reliability of operation of the pre-production dosimeters used in these tests. PMID:7790213

Hirning, C R; Yuen, P S

1995-07-01

3

Tupe testing of the Siemens Plessey electronic personal dosemeter  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a laboratory assessment of the performance of a new type of personal dosimeter, the Electronic Personal Dosemeter made by Siemens Plessey Controls Limited. Twenty pre-production dosimeters and a reader were purchased by Ontario Hydro for the assessment. Tests were performed on radiological performance, including reproducibility, accuracy, linearity, detection threshold, energy response, angular response, neutron response, and response time. There were also tests on the effects of a variety of environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, pulsed magnetic and electric fields, low- and high-frequency electromagnetic fields, light exposure, drop impact, vibration, and splashing. Other characteristics that were tested were compared with the relevant requirements of three standards: an Ontario Hydro standard for personal alarming dosimeters, an International Electrotechnical Commission draft standard for direct reading personal dose monitors, and an International Electrotechnical Commission standard for thermoluminescence dosimetry systems for personal monitoring. In general, the performance of the Electronic Personal Dosemeter was found to be quite acceptable: it met most of the relevant requirements of the three standards. However, the following deficiencies were found: slow response time; sensitivity to high-frequency electromagnetic fields; poor resistance to dropping; and an alarm that was not loud enough. In addition, the response of the electronic personal dosimeter to low-energy beta rays may be too low for some applications. Problems were experienced with the reliability of operation of the pre-production dosimeters used in these tests. 11 refs., 8 figs., 24 tabs.

Hirning, C.R. [Ontario Hydro, Whitby, Ontario (Canada); Yuen, P.S. [Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario (Canada)

1995-07-01

4

Operational experience of electronic active personal dosemeter and comparison with CaSo4:Dy TL dosemeter in Indian PHWR.  

PubMed

Direct reading dosemeter has been used for day-to-day radiation exposure control and management for last four decades in Indian nuclear power plants (NPPs). Recently new real time, alarm and pre-alarm on equivalent dose/dose rate, storage of dose/dose rate and maximum dose rate, user-friendly electronic active personal dosemeter (APD) has been implemented into practice for the first time at Kaiga Atomic Power Station-3&4,  of Indian NPPs. The dosemeter showed tolerance level (L) 0.1085±0.0450 compared with 0.1869±0.0729 (average±SD) for CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter, having narrow range trumpet curve, nil electromagnetic interference. Records of >29 000 for APD and TL dosemeter were analysed for comparasion of the measurement of the individual dose. APD followed general acceptance rule of ±25 % for dose >1 mSv. Monthly Station collective dose by TL dosemeters and APD for normal reactor operation as well as outage are found in good agreement. Operational experiences and statistical analysis support that an APD dosemeter is reasonably equivalent to CaSO4:Dy TL dosemeter. The accuracy, reproducibility and repeatability of the measurement of radiation for (137)Cs are comparable with CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter. Operational experience of APD during the normal operation as well as outage showed as one of the best ALARA tool for occupational dose monitoring, control, management and future outage planning. PMID:23528326

Singh, Vishwanath P; Managanvi, S S; Bihari, R R; Bhat, H R

2013-03-24

5

Compliance of electronic personal neutron dosemeters with the new International Standard IEC 61526.  

PubMed

The recommendations and test requests for the dose equivalent response of personal neutron dosemeters formulated by the new International Standard IEC 61526 are summarised. In particular, IEC 61526 allows the use of broad fields if dosemeters do not fulfil the hard requirements using monoenergetic neutrons. Some broad fields which can work as a replacement field using ISO sources (252Cf, 252Cf (D2O mod.), 241Am-Be) and simulated workplace fields (CANEL and SIGMA) are described. This work shows the results of recent measurements of the personal dose equivalent response for the dosemeters Thermo Electron EPD-N2, Aloka PDM-313 and the prototype dosemeter PTB DOS-2002, and discusses their compliance with respect to the new IEC 61526 standard. PMID:17213218

Luszik-Bhadra, M

2007-01-08

6

Responses of commercially available neutron electronic personal dosemeters in neutron fields simulating workplaces at MOX fuel fabrication facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigated the performance of three commercially available electronic personal dosemeters (EPDs) in evaluating neutron dose equivalents and discussed their suitability to work environments in MOX fuel fabrication facilities. The EPDs selected for this study were NRY21 (Fuji Electric Systems), PDM-313 (Aloka) and DMC 2000 GN (MGP Instruments). All tests were conducted in moderated 252Cf neutron fields with neutron spectral

N. Tsujimura; T. Yoshida; C. Takada

7

Dose rate dependency of electronic personal dosemeters measuring X- and gamma-ray radiation.  

PubMed

Three models of electronic personal dosemeters (EPDs)-Siemens Mk 2.3, Rados RAD-60S and Vertec Bleeper Sv-were irradiated with seven photon beam qualities: 60Co, 137Cs and the ISO narrow spectrum series X-ray qualities N-250, N-200, N-150, N-60 and N-20. The personal dose equivalent rates delivered to the devices varied between 0.002 and 0.25 mSv s(-1). Measurements were made with the EPDs mounted free-in-air as well as against Lucite and water phantoms. Results for all models of EPDs showed differences in personal dose equivalent energy response for different energies covered by this range of radiation qualities, with different models showing variations from 15 to 65%. In some cases, the personal dose equivalent rate response of these devices varied by a factor of 3 between irradiations at typical calibration dose rates and those normally encountered by nuclear energy workers. PMID:18420561

McCaffrey, J P; Shen, H; Downton, B

2008-04-16

8

State of the Art in Electronic Dosemeters for Neutrons  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents an overview of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons in mixed neutron/photon fields. The energy response of commercially available electronic dosemeters in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields and their performance in working places is discussed. The response curves are extended to high-energy neutrons up to 100 MeV, new prototype dosemeters are described and discussed especially for use at high-energy accelerators and in space.

Luszik-Bhadra, Marlies [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2011-05-05

9

State of the Art in Electronic Dosemeters for Neutrons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents an overview of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons in mixed neutron/photon fields. The energy response of commercially available electronic dosemeters in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields and their performance in working places is discussed. The response curves are extended to high-energy neutrons up to 100 MeV, new prototype dosemeters are described and discussed especially for use at high-energy accelerators and in space.

Luszik-Bhadra, Marlies

2011-05-01

10

Calibration, performance and type testing of personal dosemeters used in ionising-radiation applications in Greece.  

PubMed

Active Personal Dosemeters (APDs) are widely used in real-time personal dosimetry. Their performance, operational characteristics and limitations, as well as their calibration should be routinely checked to assure satisfactory operation and safe use. This study summarises the results of such type tests and calibrations performed in almost 4750 dosemeters at Ionising Radiation Calibration Laboratory (HIRCL) of Greek Atomic Energy Commission (GAEC). About 13.8% of the pencil type and 4.3% of the electronic dosemeters were found to be out of limits of acceptable performance. For the pencil type dosemeters, the mean calibration factor (CF+/-SD) for high- and low-dose categories was found to be 1.014+/-0.102 (range 0.793-1.458) and 0.995+/-0.059 (range 0.794-1.311), respectively. Of these >85% of them had reproducibility better than 90%, while <1% showed remarkable non-linearity and approximately 10% of them failed to retain the dose reading within the limits after 24 h. For the electronic dosemeters, the mean CF was 1.034+/-0.046 (range 0.967-1.238). The majority of them showed good reproducibility and linearity results while, after irradiation, the dose readings were not shifted through time. The energy response varies with the dosemeter type, reaching in one dosemeter type down to 50%. Both electronic and pencil did not showed electronic equilibrium problems. PMID:17185312

Boziari, A; Hourdakis, C J

2006-12-21

11

The use of active personal dosemeters as a personal monitoring device: comparison with TL dosimetry.  

PubMed

The use of active personal dosemeters (APDs) not only as a warning device but also, in some cases, as an official and hence stand-alone dosemeter is rapidly increasing. A comparison in terms of dose, energy and angle dependence, among different types of APD and a routinely used whole-body thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) has been performed. Significant differences were found between the TLD readings and mainly some not commonly used APDs. The importance of choosing the best adapted APD according to the radiation field characteristics is pointed out. PMID:21196464

Boziari, A; Koukorava, C; Carinou, E; Hourdakis, C J; Kamenopoulou, V

2010-12-31

12

Calibration of personal dosemeters in terms of the ICRU operational quantities  

SciTech Connect

The International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (ICRU) has defined several new operational quantities for radiation protection purposes. The quantities to be used for personal monitoring are defined at depths in the human body. Because these quantities are impossible to measure directly, the ICRU has recommended that personal dosemeters should be calibrated under simplified conditions on an appropriate phantom, such as the ICRU sphere. The US personal dosimetry accreditation programs make use of a 30 {times} 30 {times} 15 cm polymethymethacrylate (PMMA) phantom, therefore it is necessary to relate the response of dosemeters calibrated on this phantom to the ICRU operational quantities. Calculations of the conversion factors to compute dosemeter response in terms of the operational quantities have been performed using the code MCNP. These calculations have also been compared to experimental measurements using thermoluminescent (TLD) detectors.

McDonald, J.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hertel, N.E. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1992-05-01

13

Prediction analysis of dose equivalent responses of neutron dosemeters used at a MOX fuel facility.  

PubMed

To predict how accurately neutron dosemeters can measure the neutron dose equivalent (rate) in MOX fuel fabrication facility work environments, the dose equivalent responses of neutron dosemeters were calculated by the spectral folding method. The dosemeters selected included two types of personal dosemeter, namely a thermoluminescent albedo neutron dosemeter and an electronic neutron dosemeter, three moderator-based neutron survey meters, and one special instrument called an H(p)(10) monitor. The calculations revealed the energy dependences of the responses expected within the entire range of neutron spectral variations observed in neutron fields at workplaces. PMID:21498409

Tsujimura, N; Yoshida, T; Takada, C

2011-04-14

14

A Photographic Dosemeter for the Measurement of Personal Doses of Environmental Radiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An attempt has been made to develop a pocket dosemeter to measure small doses of radiation delivered at natural background dose-rates.The dosemeter employs cylindrical plastic scintillators in contact with Ilford PM1 film to achieve a sensitivity, at background dose-rates, of 25-30 times that of the film alone. Two Perspex cylinders are used to provide a control density area, and the

P W Henson

1963-01-01

15

A comparative study of the responses of lithium borate and calcium sulphate phosphors in a TL personal dosemeter.  

PubMed

This work summarises the results of a series of experiences made on Panasonic UD-802AS, a multi-element dosemeter that is currently used in Caorso Nuclear Power Plant for personnel external monitoring. Two main topics have been considered: energy response and the influence of working place dose rate on relative readings of the elements at the end of the monitoring period. The presence of four elements of different materials and filtrations gives the possibility of evaluating radiation energy by a simple algorithm, so that an accurate estimate of the personal dose equivalent can be provided; the good results of the participation of Caorso Individual Monitoring Service (IMS) to 'EURADOS 2008 intercomparison on whole-body dosemeters' account for the reliability of the method. A study on the response in low-dose rate fields is also reported, giving in practice interesting information about operational conditions. PMID:21296771

Ceretti, M; Costa, G; Romani, S; Bobba, F

2011-02-04

16

Electronic neutron personal dosimetry with superheated drop detectors.  

PubMed

The prototype of an electronic personal neutron dosemeter based on superheated drop detectors is presented. This battery operated device comprises a neutron sensor, bubble-counting electronics and a temperature controller ensuring an optimal dose equivalent response. The neutron sensor is a 12 ml detector vial containing an emulsion of about 50,000 halocarbon-12 droplets of 100 microns diameter. The temperature controller is a low-power, solid-state device stabilising the emulsion at 31.5 degrees C by means of an etched foil heater. The microprocessor controlled counting electronics relies on a double piezo-electric transducer configuration to record bubble formation acoustically via a comparative pulse-shape analysis of ambient noise and detector signals. The performance of the dosemeter was analysed in terms of the requirements presently developed for neutron personal dosemeters. The detection threshold is about 1 microSv, while the personal dose equivalent response to neutrons in the thermal to 62 MeV range falls within a factor 1.6 of 13 bubbles per microSv. PMID:11586744

d'Errico, F; Apfel, R E; Curzio, G; Nath, R

2001-01-01

17

The use of Lithium Flouride Thermoluminescent Dosemeters to measure the Dose Distribution of a 15 MeV Electron Beam  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison was made of the central axis depth-dose curves obtained for 15 MeV electrons using an ion chamber and LiF dosemeters. The two uncorrected curves were very similar and gave the same depth-dose curves within experimental limits. Corrections that must be made to the LiF curve for energy and dose dependence and to the ion chamber readings for the

Peter R Almond; Ann Wright; J. F. Lontz II

1967-01-01

18

The use of passive personal neutron dosemeters to determine the neutron component of cosmic radiation fields in spacecraft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the altitude range and inclination of the International Space Station (ISS), secondary neutrons can be a major contributor to dose equivalent inside a spacecraft. The exact proportion is very dependent on the amount of shielding of the primary galactic cosmic radiation and trapped particles, but is likely to lie in the range of 10% to 50%. Personal neutron dosemeters of simple design, and processed using simple techniques developed for personal dosimetry may be used to estimate this neutron component. For the etch regime employed, the combination of high LET threshold (there is little response below a restricted LET200 in PADC of about 40 keV ?m-1), and poor angle dependence of response to high-energy charged particles (HZE), results in a much reduced overall response of the neutron dosimeter to the HZE component of the field in spacecraft and no response to protons of energy greater than about 2 MeV. Preliminary measurements indicate that for examples of the HZE component of the radiation fields in spacecraft, a correction of 5 to 10 % is necessary to account for the detector HZE response. Alternatively, an additional chemical etch can be carried out which allows discrimination. Recent results for exposures in low Earth orbit are reported.

Bartlett, D. T.; Hager, L. G.; Tanner, R. T.

19

Implementation of an electronic personal dosimetry system (EPD) at Oldbury-on-Severn power station.  

PubMed

This article presents the implementation of an electronic personal dosemeter (EPD) as a film badge replacement at Oldbury-on-Severn power station, which is the first major site to use an approval issued by the UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE) for dose measurement by an EPD. The practicalities and history behind the introduction of an EPD for personal dosimetry are described. PMID:11281529

Clarke, P W; Weeks, A R

2001-03-01

20

Personalized Electronic Banking Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization is without a doubt a promising area that might be able to answer some of the burning questions that Internet banking must deal with today and even more in the days to come. The possibilities of personalization are not yet fully utilized, nor is there sufficient hands-on experience or research-based knowledge about the most advanced ideas of how to

Mika Hiltunen; Leo Heng; Linda Helgesen

21

Personal dose equivalent conversion coefficients for electrons to 1 Ge V.  

PubMed

In a previous paper, conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent, H(p)(d), for photons were reported. This note reports values for electrons calculated using similar techniques. The personal dose equivalent is the quantity used to approximate the protection quantity effective dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations and in practice the personal dose equivalent is determined using a 30×30×15 cm slab-type phantom. Conversion coefficients to 1 GeV have been calculated for H(p)(10), H(p)(3) and H(p)(0.07) in the recommended slab phantom. Although the conversion coefficients were determined for discrete incident energies, analytical fits of the conversion coefficients over the energy range are provided using a similar formulation as in the photon results previously reported. The conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent are compared with the appropriate protection quantity, calculated according to the recommendations of the latest International Commission on Radiological Protection guidance. Effects of eyewear on H(p)(3) are also discussed. PMID:21715410

Veinot, K G; Hertel, N E

2011-06-29

22

PETS: A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

shed in Robots For Kids, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, CA. Druin, A. and Hendler J.(eds.)Page 2Who, or What, Is PETS?Figure 1: PETS, Spaceship, and MyPETS softwareWhat Does PETS Do?PETS is a Personal Electronic Teller of Stories, a robotic story telling environment forelementary school age children (Druin et al. 1999a). The PETS kit contains a box offuzzy stuffed animal parts and

Jaime Montemayor; Allison Druin; Jim Hendler

2000-01-01

23

The NRPB radon personal dosimetry service  

Microsoft Academic Search

A radon personal dosemeter has been developed. The dosemeter is simple, cheap, robust, disposable and indelibly numbered. The operation principle is that of a radon diffusion chamber, which principle has been established both experimentally and theoretically. The dosemeter is an enclosure which excludes radon progeny and detritus whilst allowing access of radon gas. The alpha particles from the decay of

D. T. Bartlett; P. J. Gilvin; R. Still; D. W. Dixon; J. C. H. Miles

1988-01-01

24

High-energy response of passive dosemeters in use at LANL.  

PubMed

The high-energy neutron response of three passive dosemeters in use at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been investigated using metrology-grade fields. The dosemeters include the LANL Model 8823 TLD badge and the LANL PN3 track etch device. Both are dosemeters of record at LANL. The third device was the Personal Neutron Dosemeter (PND), a superheated emulsion device, manufactured by Bubble Technology Industries, Inc. (BTI). The response of the three dosemeters at neutron energies exceeding 10 MeV was assessed with monoenergetic neutrons at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt facility (14.8 and 19 MeV). For the sake of completeness, data collected at lower energies are also included in this study. High-energy quasi-monoenergetic beams produced by the cyclotron facilities at the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) and the The Svedberg Laboratory (TSL) were also utilised as part of this study. These measurements were made to better understand and help interpret dosemeter readings obtained by workers at high-energy accelerators, such as the 800 MeV spallation neutron source facility located at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). PMID:17522036

Olsher, Richard H; McLean, Thomas D; Mallett, Michael W; Romero, Leonard L; Devine, Robert T; Hoffman, Jeffrey M

2007-05-23

25

Glass as a gamma Ray Dosemeter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The advantages of glass as a gamma -rays dosemeter are studied. Experiments have shown that ordinary microscope object glass can be used as a dosemeter, which dose range for linear response extends from about 10 exp 4 -10 exp 6 rads. Heat treatment of the...

Sutrisno Puspodikoro

1978-01-01

26

A new electronic personal exposure meter for radon gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new electronic meter for personal radon exposures was developed and several prototypes were built. The exposure meter is optimized with respect to short-term (days) and long-term (>1y) measurements of indoor radon concentrations and personal radon exposure. The exposure meter records measured concentration levels in adjustable time intervals allowing a time resolved analysis.

F. L. Karinda; B. Haider; W. Rühm

2008-01-01

27

Electronic and Personal Health Records: VA's Key to Patient Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The move to electronic and personal health records (PHRs) is being spurred by new incentives offered by President Obama's administration. While the benefits to patients and health care organizations are great, implementation also presents many challenges and pitfalls. This article outlines the types of electronic health records and their uses, barriers to implementation, and issues patients should be aware of

Janet M. Schneider

2010-01-01

28

49 CFR 220.305 - Use of personal electronic devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...devices. A railroad operating employee must have each personal electronic device turned off with any earpiece removed from the earâ (a) When on a moving train; (b) When any member of the crew isâ (1) On the ground, or (2) Riding...

2012-10-01

29

49 CFR 220.305 - Use of personal electronic devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...devices. A railroad operating employee must have each personal electronic device turned off with any earpiece removed from the earâ (a) When on a moving train; (b) When any member of the crew isâ (1) On the ground, or (2) Riding...

2011-10-01

30

Personal, Electronic, Secure National Library of Medicine Hosts Health Records Conference  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues EHR Personal, Electronic, Secure: National Library of Medicine Hosts Health Records ... One suggestion for saving money is to implement electronic personal health records. With this in mind, the ...

31

Assessment of neutron dosemeters around standard sources and nuclear fissile objects.  

PubMed

In order to evaluate the neutron doses around nuclear fissile objects, a comparative study has been made on several neutron dosemeters: bubble dosemeters, etched-track detectors (CR-39) and 3He-filled proportional counters used as dose-rate meters. The measurements were made on the ambient and the personal dose equivalents H*(10) and Hp(10). Results showed that several bubble dosemeters should have been used due to a low reproducibility in the measurements. A strong correlation with the neutron energy was also found, with about a 30% underestimation of Hp(10) for neutrons from the PuBe source, and about a 9% overestimation for neutrons from the 252Cf source. Measurements of the nuclear fissile objects were made using the CR-39 and the dose-rate meters. The CR-39 led to an underestimation of 30% with respect to the neutron dose-rate meter measurements. In addition, the MCNP calculation code was used in the different configurations. PMID:12382734

Raimondi, N; Tournier, B; Groetz, J E; Piot, J; Riebler, E; Crovisier, P; Chambaudet, A; Cabanné, N

2002-01-01

32

The use of TLD-700H dosemeters in the assessment of external doses at the former Semipalatinsk nuclear test site.  

PubMed

The joint projects performed since 1995 by the Jülich Research Centre in co-operation with the Kazakh National Nuclear Centre in the area of the former nuclear test site near Semipalatinsk, in eastern Kazakhstan, have assessed the current dose rate of the population at and around the test site, as well as determining retrospectively the dose rate of persons affected by the atmospheric tests. Measurements of the population by personal dosemeters depend on reliably wearing these dosemeters over prolonged periods of time, and of a sufficient dosemeter return. In the past, such measurements have been particularly successful whenever short wearing times were possible. This requires high sensitivity of the dosemeters. The suitability of the highly sensitive TLD material of the BICRON TLD 700H type for such personal dosimetry measurements was investigated. It was tested in practical field application at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in September 2000. Initial results are available from individual doses received by a group of geologists and a group of herdsmen at the test site. For the first time, the individual dose was measured directly in these population groups. Detection limits below 1 microSv permit informative measurements for wearing times of less than two weeks. Most individual doses did not arise significantly out of local fluctuations of natural background. A conservative assessment from the aspect of practical health physics yielded a mean personal dose of 0.55 microSv per day for the herdsmen, whereas the geologists received a mean personal dose of 0.45 microSv per day. For an annual exposure period of typically, about three months, the radiation dose received by the persons investigated, in addition to the natural radiation exposure, is thus well below the international limit value of 1 mSv x a(-1) for the population dose. PMID:12382756

Hill, P; Dederichs, H; Pillath, J; Schlecht, W; Hille, R; Artemev, O; Ptitskaya, L; Akhmetov, M

2002-01-01

33

75 FR 15413 - Approval for Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal Navigation Devices), Fort Worth, Texas Pursuant...adopts the following Order: Whereas, ATC Logistics & Electronics, an operator of Foreign-Trade Zone 196, has...

2010-03-29

34

Calibration of Neutron Dosemeters in the Presence of Scattered Neutrons.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The calibration of area and personnel dosemeters for neutron radiation is commonly carried out by means of isotopic neutron sources. In performing such irradiations in laboratories of usual dimensions the neutron spectrum, fluence rate and derived dosimet...

A. Rimpler

1987-01-01

35

Personality Differences Between High and Low Electronic Video Game Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent months a controversy has emerged in the United States over the possible effects video game usage has on the individual personality. At present no empirical data exist to indicate whether there are any personality differences between high- and low-use video game players. High and low users of video games (N = 280) were compared by sex. No significant

Gerald D. Gibb; James R. Bailey; Thomas T. Lambirth; William P. Wilson

1983-01-01

36

Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

1992-08-01

37

Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

1992-01-01

38

Electronic Data Interchange Prototype for Exchanging Personal Property Shipment Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An EDI prototype system for exchanging personal property shipment information with the Defense Finance and Accounting Service Indianapolis Center (DFAS-IN) using the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) X12 858 Transaction Set was developed and im...

W. M. Bridges H. L. Frohman

1992-01-01

39

TTP: Secure ACID Transfer Protocol for Electronic Ticket between Personal Tamper-Proof Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expanding market for digital content increases the demand to transfer electronic value through open networks. This paper describes the Ticket Transfer Protocol (TTP), which enables electronically transferable tickets to directly move between two personal tamper-proof devices. The applied two-phase commit protocol for the transfer realizes the ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) transaction properties without any external coordinators. Moreover, this

Kimio Kuramitsu; Tadashi Murakami; Hajime Matsuda; Ken Sakamura

2000-01-01

40

A Desire for the Personal: Student Perceptions of Electronic Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An earlier study conducted into tertiary student perceptions of feedback on their work revealed a mixed response to the idea of electronic feedback. This result was surprising considering the attention given to Generation Y and the preference for digital technology in their lives. This paper reports on the results of a follow-up study exploring a…

Budge, Kylie

2011-01-01

41

Personalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how a typical high school in Huntington Beach, California, curbed disruptive student behavior by personalizing the school experience for "problem" students. Through mostly volunteer efforts, an adopt-a-kid program was initiated that matched kids' learning styles to adults' personality styles and resulted in fewer suspensions and…

Shore, Rebecca Martin

1996-01-01

42

Electronic Method to Detect Persons Hidden Within Cargo containers  

SciTech Connect

Physical security technologies have been unable to address most `Trojan Horse' scenarios at vehicle portals which provide access through the perimeter of a secure area. Thorough visual searches of vehicle cargo containers are time consuming, involve a number of security personnel and are cursory at best. Vehicles entering or exiting a protected site provide an adversary with an easy pathway across secure boundaries. A method to detect the presence of persons hiding within a vehicle's enclosed cargo container has been developed by LQckheed Martin Energy Systems. The system measures vibrations coupled to the container and generated by the human heart. Each time the human heart beats, it generates a small but measurable shock wave. This shock wave is propagated through the body and transmitted to anything with which the body has contact. This wave is referred to as a baflistocardiograrn and is the mechanical equivalent to an electrocardiogram. Systems have been installed in several State prisons and have been independently tested and evaluated. The effectiveness of the system has been determined by the Thunder Mountain Evaluation Center at Fort Huachuca. Arizona. Sympathetic vibrations of the cargo container's surface can be collected using any of several detection methods, i.e. infrared, Doppler microwave, Doppler ultrasonic wave and geophones. The analog signal delivered by the sensors is passed through an amplifier and a low pass filter and then fed to a microprocessor via an analog to digital converter. When initiated by the operator, anafog signals are recorded for a specific interval of time and rate. At the end of the recording intervaL the data are analysed using wavelet transform techniques and compared with a ballistocardiographic template. If the collected data are similar, the system informs the operator that there is a high degree of probability that a person is within the vehicle. The paper describes in depth the development of the system, system operation, and system software and hardware, and discusses the algorithm, current development activities, testing, and actual usage of the system for the protection of nuclear facilities and State prisons. It focuses on technologies being evaluated for future iterations of the system and applications other than the protection of perimeters.

Fuller, G.M.

1997-11-10

43

Automation of radiation dosimetry using PTW dosemeter and LabVIEW™  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automation of UNIDOS “Dosemeter” using personal computer (PC) is discussed in this paper.In order to save time and eliminate human operation errors during the radiation dosimetry, suitable software, using LabVIEW™ graphical programming language, was written to automate and facilitate the processes of measurements, analysis and data storage.The software calculates the calibration factor of the ionization chamber in terms of air kerma or absorbed dose to water according to IAEA dosimetry protocols. It also has the ability to print a calibration certificate.The obtained results using this software are found to be more reliable and flexible than those obtained by manual methods previously employed.Using LabVIEW™ as a development tool is extremely convenient to make things easier when software modifications and improvements are needed.

Weiss, C.; Al-Frouh, K.; Anjak, O.

2011-10-01

44

A Quantitative Exploration of the Relationship between Patient Health and Electronic Personal Health Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of electronic personal health records is becoming increasingly more popular as healthcare providers, healthcare and government leaders, and patients are seeking ways to improve healthcare quality and to decrease costs (Abrahamsen, 2007). This quantitative, descriptive correlational study examined the relationship between the degree of…

Hines, Denise Williams

2009-01-01

45

A Quantitative Exploration of the Relationship between Patient Health and Electronic Personal Health Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of electronic personal health records is becoming increasingly more popular as healthcare providers, healthcare and government leaders, and patients are seeking ways to improve healthcare quality and to decrease costs (Abrahamsen, 2007). This quantitative, descriptive correlational study examined the relationship between the degree of…

Hines, Denise Williams

2009-01-01

46

Design and Evaluation of a Protocol to Assess Electronic Travel Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated a protocol that was developed to assess how beneficial electronic travel aids are for persons who are visually impaired. Twenty persons with visual impairments used an electronic travel device (Trekker) for six weeks to conform to the protocol, which proved useful in identifying successful users of the device. (Contains 2…

Havik, Else M.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.; van der Velde, Hanneke; Pinkster, J. Christiaan; Kooijman, Aart C.

2010-01-01

47

Superheated emulsions as high-energy neutron dosemeters.  

PubMed

Superheated emulsions being inexpensive, easy to fabricate, and having tissue equivalent composition make them as one of the popular neutron dosemeters. One more advantage is that they can be made insensitive to gamma rays by the choice of the sensitive liquid. It is observed that the response of commercially available bubble detector to neutron decreases above 20 MeV while its response is roughly flat in the 0.1-15 MeV region. This restricts its application as a dosemeter to high-energy neutrons. The response of bubble detector from Bubble Technology Industries, has been observed by using Pb-breeder for high-energy neutrons from different facilities in Japan. It is observed that 2-3 cm Pb-breeder is effective in increasing the response of the detector to the nominal value. Theoretical calculation using MCNPX code indicates an increase in neutrons in the energy range of 0.1-10 MeV with Pb-breeder. The present work indicates the possibility of using the bubble detector as a dosemeter to high-energy neutron using a Pb-breeder of proper thickness. PMID:15353668

Das, Mala; Sawamura, Teruko; Abe, Masashi; Kaneko, Junichi H; Homma, Akira; Fujita, Fumiyuki; Tsuda, Shuichi; Nishitani, Takeo

2004-01-01

48

Web-Based Personal-Centered Electronic Health Record for Elderly Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing acceptance and availability of information and communication technology (ICT) have made the development and implementation of Web-based electronic personal health records (PHRs) more feasible. Previous studies have demonstrated the PHR's potential to alleviate limitations in traditional healthcare delivery. However, this type of technology-dependent approach inherits the vulnerabilities of exposing the society to its own share of inequality (i.e., \\

Eung-Hun Kim; Sneha Modi; David Fang; Cheong B. Soh; Anne Herbaugh; Sally Shinstrom; W. B. Lober; B. Zierler; Y. Kim

2006-01-01

49

The road to hot electron photochemistry at surfaces: A personal recollection  

SciTech Connect

A very important part of contemporary fs-laser surface photochemistry (SPC) is based on a proposed mechanism in which a laser pulse incident upon an adsorbate-covered surface photoexcites substrate electrons which in turn inelastically scatter from atoms and molecules (chemists may call them 'reactants') in or on the surface. The present narrative outlines my own very personal SPC saga that began with early exposure to the wonders of and fascination with inelastic resonant electron scattering from gas phase atoms and molecules that dominated the Atomic and Electron Physics activities at NBS (now NIST) in 1968 when I arrived. How this lead to a fundamental understanding of important aspects of SPC is the focus of this essay.

Gadzuk, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2012-09-07

50

Electronic Personal Health Information Exchange: Health Care Entities' Reported Disclosure Practices and Effects on Quality of Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To promote the use of information technology for the electronic exchange of personal health information among providers and other health care entities, Congress passed the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. It pro...

2010-01-01

51

New concept of IEC standards for radiation protection dosemeters.  

PubMed

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) develops new standards for radiation protection dosemeters which follow a new concept. They are much more flexible in detail, but still ensure the same measurement quality. They are, for example, no longer specific for the detector type, but rather specific for the measurement task, e.g. for individual monitoring with active direct-reading instruments. Another example is that they are flexible with respect to the ranges of influence quantities. The conceptual changes are described in this paper, together with the advantages this new concept provides for manufacturers, users and legislators. PMID:18420572

Ambrosi, P; Behrens, R

2008-04-16

52

Organ and effective dose evaluation in diagnostic radiology based on in-phantom dose measurements with novel photodiode-dosemeters.  

PubMed

Organ and the effective doses of patients undergoing clinical X ray examinations of chest and abdomen were evaluated with an anthropomorphic phantom and a new dosimetry system. The system was comprised of 34 pin photodiode dosemeters placed in/on particular tissues or organs of the anthropomorphic phantom, where the tissues and organs are defined by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) to estimate the effective doses. Dosemeter signals were acquired on a personal computer directly, and converted into absorbed doses, from which the organ and the effective doses were evaluated on the computer. Our study showed that organ doses ranged from <0.01 to 0.72 mGy in routine X-ray radiography of chest and of abdomen and from 0.07 to 55.91 mGy in routine computed tomography (CT) examinations with current multi-slice CT scanners. The effective dose observed in the chest CT examination was approximately 300 times higher than that in chest radiography. PMID:16439515

Kawaura, Chiyo; Aoyama, Takahiko; Koyama, Shuji; Achiwa, Masataka; Mori, Masaki

2006-01-26

53

78 FR 2912 - Prohibition on Personal Use of Electronic Devices on the Flight Deck  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...personal wireless communications device or laptop computer for personal use while at their...personal wireless communications device or laptop computer while at the flight crewmember's...personal wireless communications device or laptop computer for a purpose directly...

2013-01-15

54

Emerging landscape of genomics in the Electronic Health Record for personalized medicine.  

PubMed

The Information Technology (IT) roadmap for personalized medicine requires Electronic Health Records (EHRs), extension of Healthcare IT (HIT) standards, and understanding of how genetics/genomics should be integrated into the clinical applications. For reduced overall costs and development times, these three initiatives should run in parallel. EHRs must contain structured data and infrastructure that enables quality analysis, Clinical Decision Support (CDS) and messaging within the healthcare information network. Fortunately, as a result of sustained financial commitment to nongenetic-based healthcare, the industry has HIT data standards and understanding of EHR functionality that improves patient safety and outcomes while reducing overall healthcare costs. However, the HIT standards and EHR functional requirements, needed for personalized medicine, are only beginning to support simple genetic tests and need significant extension. In addition, our understanding of the clinical implications of genomic data is evolving and translation of new discovery into clinical care remains a challenge. Therefore, priority areas include CDS, educational resources, and knowledgebases for the EHR, clinical and research data warehouses, messaging frameworks, and continued review of healthcare policies and regulations supporting personalized medicine. Where core infrastructure remains to be developed and implemented, funding is needed for pilot projects, data standards, policy, and stakeholder collaboration. PMID:21309042

Ullman-Cullere, Mollie H; Mathew, Jomol P

2011-03-10

55

Tissue banking, bioinformatics, and electronic medical records: the front-end requirements for personalized medicine.  

PubMed

Personalized medicine promises patient-tailored treatments that enhance patient care and decrease overall treatment costs by focusing on genetics and "-omics" data obtained from patient biospecimens and records to guide therapy choices that generate good clinical outcomes. The approach relies on diagnostic and prognostic use of novel biomarkers discovered through combinations of tissue banking, bioinformatics, and electronic medical records (EMRs). The analytical power of bioinformatic platforms combined with patient clinical data from EMRs can reveal potential biomarkers and clinical phenotypes that allow researchers to develop experimental strategies using selected patient biospecimens stored in tissue banks. For cancer, high-quality biospecimens collected at diagnosis, first relapse, and various treatment stages provide crucial resources for study designs. To enlarge biospecimen collections, patient education regarding the value of specimen donation is vital. One approach for increasing consent is to offer publically available illustrations and game-like engagements demonstrating how wider sample availability facilitates development of novel therapies. The critical value of tissue bank samples, bioinformatics, and EMR in the early stages of the biomarker discovery process for personalized medicine is often overlooked. The data obtained also require cross-disciplinary collaborations to translate experimental results into clinical practice and diagnostic and prognostic use in personalized medicine. PMID:23818899

Suh, K Stephen; Sarojini, Sreeja; Youssif, Maher; Nalley, Kip; Milinovikj, Natasha; Elloumi, Fathi; Russell, Steven; Pecora, Andrew; Schecter, Elyssa; Goy, Andre

2013-05-30

56

32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...sensitive and personal that e-mail...When sending personal information over e-mail...the Privacy Act; and it is...alteration. Protection methods may...protecting the information in a separate...transmitting personal...

2010-07-01

57

32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...sensitive and personal that e-mail...When sending personal information over e-mail...the Privacy Act; and it is...alteration. Protection methods may...protecting the information in a separate...transmitting personal...

2009-07-01

58

Use of commercial alanine and TL dosemeters for dosimetry intercomparisons among Italian radiotherapy centres.  

PubMed

In the implementation of a large-scale dosimetry intercomparison one of the main constraints is the availability of large number of dosemeters of the highest quality. Therefore, ISS tested the possibility of using commercially available dosemeters, alanine pellets and thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetry chips, for transfer dosimetry within the Italian intercomparison programme. In this work the characterisation of commercial alanine and TL dosemeters along with the ISS dose assessment procedure used in the Italian intercomparison are reported. Results demonstrate the feasibility of the ISS approach to transfer dosimetry since it is possible to measure 10 Gy with a combined uncertainty of 1% (1sigma) and 1 Gy with a combined uncertainty of 1.7% (1sigma) with alanine and TL dosemeters, respectively. PMID:16644956

Onori, S; Bortolin, E; Calicchia, A; Carosi, A; De Angelis, C; Grande, S

2006-04-27

59

1983 ORNL intercomparison of personnel neutron and gamma dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

The Ninth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was conducted during April 19-21, 1983, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dosemeters from 33 participating agencies were mounted on water-filled polyethylene elliptical phantoms and exposed to a range of low-level dose equivalents (0.02-0.45 mSv gamma and 0.49-11.14 mSv neutron) which could be encountered during routine personnel monitoring in mixed radiation fields. The Health Physics Research Reactor served as the radiation source for six separate exposures which used four different shield conditions: unshielded and shielded with steel, steel/concrete, and concrete. Results of the neutron measurements indicate that it is not unusual for dose equivalent estimates made under the same conditions by different agencies to differ by more than a factor of 2. Albedo systems, which were the most popular neutron monitors in this study, provided the most accurate results with CR-39 recoil track being least accurate. Track and film neutron systems exhibited problems providing measurable indication of neutron exposure at dose equivalents of about 0.50 mSv. Gamma measurements showed that TLD and film systems generally overestimated dose equivalents in the mixed radiation fields with film exhibiting significant problems providing measurable indication of gamma exposure at dose equivalents lower than about 0.15 mSv. Under the conditions of this study in which exposures were carefully controlled and participants had information concerning exposure conditions and incident spectra prior to dosemeter analysis, only slightly more than half of all neutron and gamma dose equivalent estimates met regulatory accuracy standards relative to reference values. These results indicate that continued improvement of mixed-field personnel dosimetry is required by many participating organizations. 15 references, 30 tables.

Swaja, R.E.; Sims, C.S.; Greene, R.T.

1985-01-01

60

Review of Twenty-First Century Portable Electronic Devices for Persons with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of portable electronic devices by persons with moderate intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders is gaining increased research attention. The purpose of this review was to synthesize twenty-first century literature (2000-2010) focusing on these technologies. Twenty-one studies were identified which evaluated use of: (a)…

Mechling, Linda C.

2011-01-01

61

Electronic Commerce Undergraduate Talented Person Ability System Construction - Based on Network Human Resources Pool Investigation and Study Data Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through to carries on the sample observation from the human resources pool collection's 826 electronic commerce undergraduate course talented person employment advertise information, summarized a series of need ability, and further classified them, carried on through certain method ability the quantification, then carried on the statistical analysis using the SPSS software, obtained each kind of ability to request the situation

Dong Zhiliang; Suo Yang

2010-01-01

62

Will patients use electronic personal health records? Responses from a real-life experience.  

PubMed

The Department of Health and Human Services identifies the electronic personal health record (EPHR) as a fundamental "dimension" of a future national health information infrastructure. Currently thirty-some EPHRs are available on the market. Though the potential advantages for clinical care, patient education, and administrative streamlining are highly touted, they remain speculative, and the core question remains: Will consumers actually use EPHRs? Upon retirement in July 1999, the author provided 330 patients a commercial EPHR containing clinical office records from the practice's EMR. One year later, he conducted a mail-in survey that posed a series of relevant yes-and-no questions regarding usage and invited narrative comment and anonymous responses. This article tabulates the results and synopsizes patients' opinions. It provides considerable enlightenment regarding patients, who, among other responses, intended to begin or continue keeping records, used the EPHR on medical visits, would rather not store health information on the Internet, wished to use e-mail with the doctor's office, believed doctors do not keep full records, and strongly believed individuals should keep their own records. PMID:11642143

Denton, I C

2001-01-01

63

Characteristics and Performance of the Sunna High Dose Dosemeter Using Green Photoluminescence and UV Absorption Readout Methods  

SciTech Connect

Growth in the use of ionizing radiation for medical sterilization and the potential for wide-scale international food irradiation have created the need for robust, mass-producible, inexpensive, and highly accurate radiation dosemeters. The Sunna dosemeter, lithium fluoride injection-moulded in a polyethylene matrix, can be read out using either green photoluminescence or ultraviolet (UV) absorption.

Miller, Steven D.; Murphy, Mark K.; Tinker, Mike R.; Kovacs, Andres; Mclaughlin, William

2002-01-01

64

Evaluating two extremity dosemeters based on LiF:Mg,Ti or LiF:Mg,Cu,P.  

PubMed

Evaluation of a new extremity dosemeter is presented. The dosemeter is a passive device that is easy to wear and features a permanent individual numerical ID with barcode, a watertight case, an automatic TLD reader and database management software. Two dosemeters were studied: the first consists of a 100 mg x cm(-2) 7LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-700) chip and a 42 mg x cm(-2) cap, the other consists of a 7 mg x cm(-2) layer of 7LiF:Mg,Cu,P (TLD-700H) powder and a 5 mg x cm(-2) cap. Sensitivity, repeatability, lower limit detection, angular responses and energy responses for these dosemeters are studied and presented. The dose calculation algorithm is developed and its dosimetric performance accuracy is compared with the standard ANSI N13.32-1995, Performance Testing of Extremity Dosemeters. PMID:12382737

Luo, L Z; Velbeck, K J; Rotunda, J E

2002-01-01

65

Independent evaluation of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters for environmental monitoring.  

PubMed

Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters (manufactured by Landauer®) are reported to have a high degree of environmental stability, high level of sensitivity and provide wide range of dose measuring capabilities from 0.05 mGy to 100 Gy. The optical read out method is fast and relatively simple and permits repeated read out, but few studies have been performed about its application in monitoring radiation in the environment. This study was initiated to independently test the performance of OSL dot dosemeters for the application of measuring doses of radiation in the outdoor environment. Testing was performed in the laboratory to evaluate reproducibility and stability and in the field to evaluate accuracy relative to calibrated high-pressure ionisation chambers. The results showed that OSL dot dosemeters had good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and field tests and met the performance requirements of standards of the American National Standards Institute. PMID:20947590

Timilsina, Bindu; Gesell, Thomas F

2010-10-14

66

Operational comparison of TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detectors in fuel fabrication facilities.  

PubMed

The authors carried out an operational study that compared the use of TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detector in plutonium environments of Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, Tokai Works. A selected group of workers engaged in the fabrication process of MOX (Plutonium-Uranium mixed oxide) fuel wore both TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detectors. The TL readings were generally proportional to the counted etch-pits, and thus the dose equivalent results obtained from TLD albedo dosemeter agreed with those from solid state nuclear tracks detector within a factor of 1.5. This result indicates that, in the workplaces of the MOX fuel plants, the neutron spectrum remained almost constant in terms of time and space, and the appropriate range of field-specific correction with spectrum variations was small in albedo dosimetry. PMID:17337735

Tsujimura, N; Takada, C; Yoshida, T; Momose, T

2007-03-03

67

Personal identity management and electronic government : The case of the national identity card in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to unpack some of the socio-technical relationships inherent in contemporary notions of personal identity management. For this purpose it considers the issue of personal identity management in terms of a framework, which distinguishes between the related processes of authentication, identification and enrolment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The conceptual model described in this paper is

Paul Beynon-Davies

2007-01-01

68

Comparison of measurements on tissue kerma and photon radiation dose made with emergency dosemeters  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to compare the tissue equivalence and tissue kerma for dosimetric tissue-equivalent detectors with allowance for the neutron spectra. Results are given for the calculated dose sensitivities for the DINA and GNEIS dosemeters for a portion of the neutron spectra recommended by IAEA for comparative tests. The measurements were made with five nuclear systems - BR-10, RF-GS, BR-1-21, BR-1-21, and IBR-30 - as well as with accelerators. Doses from photon radiation were also measured using thermoluminescent and photoluminescent dosemeters sensitive to neutrons.

Golub, V.V.; Lashuk, A.I.; Shalin, V.A.

1987-05-01

69

Adoption, non-adoption, and abandonment of a personal electronic health record: case study of HealthSpace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To evaluate the policy making process, implementation by NHS organisations, and patients’ and carers’ experiences of efforts to introduce an internet accessible personal electronic health record (HealthSpace) in a public sector healthcare system.Design Mixed method, multilevel case study.Setting English National Health Service; the basic HealthSpace technology (available throughout England) and the advanced version (available in a few localities where

Trisha Greenhalgh; Susan Hinder; Katja Stramer; Tanja Bratan; Jill Russell

2010-01-01

70

Development of a multi-switch input controller of the electronic devices for the motor-disabled-person  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new multi-switch input controller (MSIC) has been developed, which is developed from scanning techniques extended by encoding. It controls the indoor home-electronic devices, personal emergency alarm system, and the keyboard emulator on the Windows95 (Microsoft). This intensive indoor environmental control system basically has the main framework to handle the historic records of the switch control. It is useful to

T. Yamamoto; M. Ide

1996-01-01

71

32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Force Supp, Chapter 4 3 , provides additional guidance regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf . (c) Do not disclose personal information to...

2013-07-01

72

Ustanovka dlya poverki nejtronnykh dozimetrov i radiometrov. (Neutron dosemeters and radiometers check-up installation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Self-protecting installation UPND-1 for checking-up of neutron dosemeters and radiometers is developed for the operative check-up of the working devices by the equivalent field method and the reverse squares one. The installation is supplied by typical co...

E. A. Konovalov L. M. Ploshchanskij Y. Sajkov V. I. Fominykh

1989-01-01

73

Comparison of measurements on tissue kerma and photon radiation dose made with emergency dosemeters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to compare the tissue equivalence and tissue kerma for dosimetric tissue-equivalent detectors with allowance for the neutron spectra. Results are given for the calculated dose sensitivities for the DINA and GNEIS dosemeters for a portion of the neutron spectra recommended by IAEA for comparative tests. The measurements were made with five nuclear systems -

V. V. Golub; A. I. Lashuk; V. A. Shalin

1987-01-01

74

Long-term PTB intercomparison of passive H*(10) dosemeters used in area monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This intercomparison serves to investigate the long-term behaviour of passive (or similarly used active) H*(10) dosemeters which are dedicated to the monitoring of the surroundings of nuclear plants and accelerators and used in the radiation field of the natural ambient radiation. From autumn 2005 to spring 2007, approx. 650 photon and neutron dosemeters were exposed to environmental radiation at three dosimetric reference sites, operated by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). In addition to the measurements under natural conditions a number of dosemeters was also subjected to an additional irradiation in PTB photon and neutron fields. Ten measuring bodies and institutions, which are involved in ambient monitoring in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, took part in this intercomparison. The intercomparison revealed the typical precision to be expected from long-term dose measurements in the natural environment. The difference of the response of the dosemeters to terrestrial and to cosmic radiation was determined. From the results of this intercomparison some sources of uncertainty were identified and some recommendations to improve area monitoring were derived.

Dombrowski, H.; Neumaier, S.

2012-04-01

75

Users' Evaluations of Four Electronic Travel Aids Aimed at Navigation for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eighteen persons with visual impairments evaluated four systematically selected navigation systems. Their performance on 11 tasks, provided ratings, satisfaction on seven aspects of the assistive devices, and explanatory comments show generally valuable functionality and usability, as well as individual marked preferences for various features of…

Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; de Witte, Luc P.

2011-01-01

76

Digital divide: Use of electronic personal health record by different population groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal Health Record (PHR) has been increasingly recognized and actively promoted by the federal government, experts and industry as an important tool for improving healthcare in the U.S. However, the PHR use by patients and its utility have not been studied well. We have evaluated a web-based PHR in multiple locations covering diverse population groups. The study sites included a

Eung-Hun Kim; Yongmin Kim

2010-01-01

77

Personal dose equivalent angular response factors for photons with energies up to 1 GeV.  

PubMed

When performing personal dosemeter calibrations, the dosemeters are typically irradiated while mounted on slab-type phantoms and oriented facing the source. Performance testing standards or intercomparison studies may also specify various rotational angles to test the response of the dosemeter and associated algorithm as this rotation introduces changes in the quantity of delivered dose. Correction factors for rotational effects are available, but many have not been updated in recent years and were typically calculated using the kerma approximation. The personal dose equivalent, Hp(d), is the quantity recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements to be used as an approximation of the protection quantity effective dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations. The personal dose equivalent can be defined for any location and depth within the body, but typically the location of interest is the trunk where personal dosemeters are worn and in this instance a suitable approximation is a 30 cm × 30 cm × 15 cm slab-type phantom. In this work personal dose equivalent conversion coefficients for photons with energies up to 1 GeV have been calculated for depths of 0.007, 0.3 and 1.0 cm in the slab phantom for rotational angles ranging from 15° to 75°. Angular response factors have been determined by comparing the conversion coefficients for each angle and energy to those reported in an earlier work for a non-rotational (e.g. perpendicular to the phantom face) geometry. The angular response factors were determined for discrete angles, but fits of the factors are provided. PMID:22914333

Veinot, K G

2012-08-22

78

Integration of electronic tickets and personal guide system for public transport using mobile terminals  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing a mobile passenger guide system for public transports. Passengers can make their travel plans and purchase necessary electronic tickets using mobile terminals via Internet. During the travel, the mobile terminal, which also works as an electronic ticket, compares the stored travel plan with the passenger's actual activities and offers appropriate guide messages. To execute this task,

Koichi Goto; Yahiko Kambayashi

2003-01-01

79

The Physical Measurements of Electron Beams from 6 to 18 Mev: Absorbed Dose and Energy Calibration  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aluminium calorimeter has been used to measure the G-values for the ferrous sulphate dosemeter for incident electron energies of 13·25, 15·9 and 18 Mev. The ferrous sulphate dosemeter was then used to determine the correction factor to be applied to an ion chamber reading taken in a Lucite phantom to obtain absorbed dose in water. The factor was found

Peter R Almond

1967-01-01

80

The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

2011-01-01

81

The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

2011-01-01

82

Electron Beam Computed Tomographic Coronary Calcium Scanning: A Review and Guidelines for Use in Asymptomatic Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coronary artery disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the developed world. Effective means of treatment such as drug therapy to lower cholesterol levels are available, but clinical application to patients at highest risk remains imprecise. Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) has been suggested as a means to diagnose subclinical coronary disease and facilitate risk stratification, but no

JOHN A. RUMBERGER; BRUCE H. BRUNDAGE; DANIEL J. RADER; GEORGE KONDOS

1999-01-01

83

DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING AN ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD FOR PERSONAL DIGITAL ASSISTANTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design and implementation of a mobile Electronic Health Record (EHR), accessible by PDA's. After a short state of the art review the paper discusses the details of the implementation and provides information about the potential capabilities of the emerging mobile networks and devices in the health sector. The software and hardware components of the system and

Ilias Maglogiannis; Nikolaos Apostolopoulos; Panagiotis Tsoukias

84

Interference to digital avionics due to electromagnetic radiation from personal electronic devices carried aboard aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility of interference due to electromagnetic radiation from portable consumer-type electronic devices has been known for some time. Until recently, there has not been significant problems with interference primarily due to the low frequency and low energy circuits typically found in battery-operated portable equipment. With the steadily increasing clock speeds of so-called “lap top” computers, the potential for interference

A. Helfrick

1994-01-01

85

Comparison of spiral and electron beam tomography in the evaluation of coronary calcification in asymptomatic persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, investigators have begun evaluating the ability of spiral computed tomography (sequence scan mode–SEQ) to measure coronary calcium. Electron Beam Tomography (EBT) and SEQ studies were performed in 10 women and 23 men, with a mean age of 54±9 years. The EBT study was performed within 4 weeks (mean 11±4 days) of the SEQ with no clinical interval event (MI,

Matthew J. Budoff; Songshou Mao; Conrad P. Zalace; Hamid Bakhsheshi; Ronald J. Oudiz

2001-01-01

86

Use of electronic personal health record systems to encourage HIV screening: an exploratory study of patient and provider perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background When detected, HIV can be effectively treated with antiretroviral therapy. Nevertheless in the U.S. approximately 25% of those who are HIV-infected do not know it. Much remains unknown about how to increase HIV testing rates. New Internet outreach methods have the potential to increase disease awareness and screening among patients, especially as electronic personal health records (PHRs) become more widely available. In the US Department of Veterans' Affairs medical care system, 900,000 veterans have indicated an interest in receiving electronic health-related communications through the PHR. Therefore we sought to evaluate the optimal circumstances and conditions for outreach about HIV screening. In an exploratory, qualitative research study we examined patient and provider perceptions of Internet-based outreach to increase HIV screening among veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health care system. Findings We conducted two rounds of focus groups with veterans and healthcare providers at VHA medical centers. The study's first phase elicited general perceptions of an electronic outreach program to increase screening for HIV, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Using phase 1 results, outreach message texts were drafted and then presented to participants in the second phase. Analysis followed modified grounded theory. Patients and providers indicated that electronic outreach through a PHR would provide useful information and would motivate patients to be screened for HIV. Patients believed that electronic information would be more convenient and understandable than information provided verbally. Patients saw little difference between messages about HIV versus about diabetes and cholesterol. Providers, however, felt patients would disapprove of HIV-related messages due to stigma. Providers expected increased workload from the electronic outreach, and thus suggested adding primary care resources and devising methods to smooth the flow of patients getting screened. When provided a choice between unsecured emails versus PHRs as the delivery mechanism for disease screening messages, both patients and providers preferred PHRs. Conclusions There is considerable potential to use PHR systems for electronic outreach and social marketing to communicate to patients about, and increase rates of, disease screening, including for HIV. Planning for direct-to-patient communications through PHRs should include providers and address provider reservations, especially about workload increases.

2011-01-01

87

A global travelers' electronic health record template standard for personal health records.  

PubMed

Tourism as well as international business travel creates health risks for individuals and populations both in host societies and home countries. One strategy to reduce health-related risks to travelers is to provide travelers and relevant caregivers timely, ongoing access to their own health information. Many websites offer health advice for travelers. For example, the WHO and US Department of State offer up-to-date health information about countries relevant to travel. However, little has been done to assure travelers that their medical information is available at the right place and time when the need might arise. Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) utilizing mobile phones for health management are promising tools both for the delivery of healthcare services and the promotion of personal health. This paper describes the project developed by international informaticians under the umbrella of the International Medical Informatics Association. A template capable of becoming an international standard is proposed. This application is available free to anyone who is interested. Furthermore, its source code is made open. PMID:21849333

Li, Yu-Chuan; Detmer, Don E; Shabbir, Syed-Abdul; Nguyen, Phung Anh; Jian, Wen-Shan; Mihalas, George I; Shortliffe, Edward H; Tang, Paul; Haux, Reinhold; Kimura, Michio

2011-08-17

88

A global travelers' electronic health record template standard for personal health records  

PubMed Central

Tourism as well as international business travel creates health risks for individuals and populations both in host societies and home countries. One strategy to reduce health-related risks to travelers is to provide travelers and relevant caregivers timely, ongoing access to their own health information. Many websites offer health advice for travelers. For example, the WHO and US Department of State offer up-to-date health information about countries relevant to travel. However, little has been done to assure travelers that their medical information is available at the right place and time when the need might arise. Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) utilizing mobile phones for health management are promising tools both for the delivery of healthcare services and the promotion of personal health. This paper describes the project developed by international informaticians under the umbrella of the International Medical Informatics Association. A template capable of becoming an international standard is proposed. This application is available free to anyone who is interested. Furthermore, its source code is made open.

Detmer, Don E; Shabbir, Syed-Abdul; Nguyen, Phung Anh; Jian, Wen-Shan; Mihalas, George I; Shortliffe, Edward H; Tang, Paul; Haux, Reinhold; Kimura, Michio

2011-01-01

89

Development of a personal electronic health record card in the United Kingdom.  

PubMed

In most emergency situations, health professionals rely on patients to provide information about their medical history. However, in some cases patients might not be able to communicate this information, and in most countries, including the UK an on-line integrated patient record system has not been adopted. Therefore, in order to address this issue the ongoing project MyCare Card (MyC(2), www.myc2.org) has been established. The aim of this project is to design, implement and evaluate a prototype patient held electronic health record card. One of the tasks involved in the project was to develop a Graphical User Interface (GUI) software, which provides access to the data stored on the card. The requirements for this software had to be established via questionnaire surveys and end user evaluations, conducted simultaneously with the software development. This paper is addressing development of the MyCare Card GUI software. It also overviews the hardware and open-source software solutions selected for the MyCare Card implementation. PMID:21095764

Rybynok, V O; Kyriacou, P A; Binnersley, J; Woodcock, A

2010-01-01

90

Collection-Based Persistent Digital Archives-Part 2 [and] MyLibrary: Personalized Electronic Services in the Cornell University Library [and] Creating Accessible Digital Imagery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes three articles that discuss: (1) the creation of a persistent digital archive email collection, including technical issues; (2) a project at Cornell University that provides library users with personalized electronic library services; and (3) the digitization of a photographic collection in the United Kingdom for preservation purposes.…

Moore, Reagan; Baru, Chaitan; Rajasekar, Arcot; Ludaescher, Bertram; Marciano, Richard; Wan, Michael; Schroeder, Wayne; Gupta, Amarnath; [and] Cohen, Suzanne; Fereira, John; Horne, Angela; Kibbee, Bob; Mistlebauer, Holly; Smith, Adam; [and] Birdsey, Clare L.

2000-01-01

91

Brazilian gamma-neutron dosemeter: response to 241AmBe and 252Cf neutron sources.  

PubMed

With the aim of improving the monitoring of workers potentially exposed to neutron radiation in Brazil, the IPEN/CNEN-SP in association with PRO-RAD designed and developed a passive individual gamma-neutron mixed-field dosemeter calibrated to be used to (241)AmBe sources. To verify the dosimetry system response to different neutron spectra, prototypes were irradiated with a (252)Cf source and evaluated using the dose-calculation algorithm developed for (241)AmBe sources. PMID:21186217

Souto, E B; Campos, L L

2010-12-24

92

The features of the new radon gas CR39 dosemeter developed at the ENEA Institute of Radioprotection  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new radon gas dosemeter (patent pending) has been designed and tested to be used as a routine referenced device to monitor radon exposures in workplaces and dwelling. It has been conceived as a practical tool to be effectively used in the practice of a qualified Service, operating under QA. Monte Carlo simulation has been extensively used to optimize the

M. Calamosca; S. Penzo; G. Gualdrini

2003-01-01

93

Experimental determination of CR39 counting efficiency to ? particles to design the holder of a new radon gas dosemeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

To design a new radon gas dosemeter, the knowledge of the SSNTD ? counting efficiency is essential. It depends primarily on the energy and incidence angle into the detector, then on the etching conditions and finally on the track counting procedure. Therefore the elicited efficiency function represents all these factors. The detectors were exposed to ? particles at different angles

M. Calamosca; S. Penzo; G. Gualdrini

2003-01-01

94

Photon beam audits for radiation therapy clinics: a pilot mailed dosemeter study in Turkey.  

PubMed

A thermoluminescent dosemeter (TLD) mailed dose audit programme was performed at five radiotherapy clinics in Turkey. The intercomparison was organised by the University of Wisconsin Radiation Calibration Laboratory (UWRCL), which was responsible for the technical aspects of the study including reference irradiations, distribution, collection and evaluation. The purpose of these audits was to perform an independent dosimetry check of the radiation beams using TLDs sent by mail. Acrylic holders, each with five TLD chips inside and instructions for their irradiation to specified absorbed dose to water of 2 Gy, were mailed to all participating clinics. TLD irradiations were performed with a 6 MV linear accelerator and (60)Co photon beams. The deviations from the TL readings of UWRCL were calculated. Discrepancies inside the limits of ±5 % between the participant-stated dose, and the TLD-measured dose were considered acceptable. One out of 10 beams checked was outside this limit, with a difference of 5.8 %. PMID:21362695

Yegingil, Z; DeWerd, L A; Davis, S D; Hammer, C; Kunugi, K

2011-02-28

95

Track-etch dosemeter response to neutrons up to 300 MeV  

SciTech Connect

Electro-chemical and chemical track-etch dosemeters were obtained from commercial suppliers and exposed to neutrons produced at the LANTF WNR white neutron source at 15{degree} with no shielding and filtered by polyethylene blocks of 2.5, 5.1, 10.2, 20.3 and 40.6 cin thickness. The neutron spectrum was determined using calculations. Mean energies from 28 to 300 MeV were produced. Dose was calculated from the NCRP-38 flux-to-dose conversion. The results are compared with NTA film which was exposed in the same configuration. The response of track etch dosimeters was found to reach a minimum and then rise as the average neutron energy increased. The response of the NTA film increased as the neutron energy increased.

Devine, R.T.; Walker, S.; Staples, P.; Duran, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Mundis, R.; Miller, J. [Science Applications International Corp., Los Alamos, NM (United States)

1996-04-01

96

Comparison of TLD100 and MCP-Ns for use as an extremity dosemeter for PET nuclear medicine staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on extremity monitoring of PET nuclear medicine personnel. In particular, it aims to compare the performance of ring dosemeters with TLD-100 and MCP-Ns detectors during the handling of positron emitters such as 18F-FDG radiopharmaceuticals. Experimental and Monte Carlo results highlight the fact that the contribution of positron to Hp(0.07), in contact with or at short distances from

M. Ginjaume; S. Pérez; M. A. Duch; X. Ortega

2008-01-01

97

Bringing Group-Level Personality to the Electronic Realm: A Comparison of Face-to-Face and Virtual Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the increasing popularity of virtual teams in organizations, very little is known about how personality traits may differentiate effective virtual teams from effective face-to-face teams. This paper sought to examine if extraversion, oppenness to experience, and an individual's predisposition to be a team player would be differentially related to team performance and team cohesion based on whether the teams

Rhiannon MacDonnell; Thomas ONeill; Theresa Kline; Laura Hambley

2009-01-01

98

Personal(ized) Health Monitoring, Personalization, and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of technology in individual health monitoring is predicted to be widespread in near future healthcare systems and in smart home environments. The term Personalized Health Monitoring (PHM) is proposed for these applications. A framework describing aspects of personalization and personality that are relevant to personalized health monitoring is presented. The framework addresses personal data, adaptability, feedback, and personality. Influence

Dieter Rhode

2011-01-01

99

Data Stewardship: Managing Personally Identifiable Information in Electronic Student Education Records. SLDS Technical Brief 2. NCES 2011-602  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growth of electronic student data in America's education system has focused attention on the ways these data are collected, processed, stored, and used. The use of records in Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems to follow the progress of individual students over time requires maintaining student education records that include information that…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

2010-01-01

100

The Impact of Electronic Mobility Devices for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired: A Systematic Review of Effects and Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic review of the international literature was conducted to investigate the effects and effectiveness of electronic mobility devices. Of the 13 studies that were reviewed, all but one demonstrated effects of the use of these devices, and generally, users evaluated the devices' functionality as beneficial. (Contains 1 table.)

Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; Soede, Mathijs; de Witte, Luc P.

2009-01-01

101

Personal Health Records  

MedlinePLUS

... chart there, too. These charts are your medical records. They may be on paper or electronic. To ... good idea to keep your own personal health record. What kind of information would you put in ...

102

[Human person and personalism].  

PubMed

The first part of this article is an analysis of the historical and philosophical evolution of the concept of human person, from antiquity to present times, including an outline of its major developments. The second part deals critically with reductionist and empiricist positions -particularly Engelhardt's and of utilitarianism- exposing some of its practical implications in the realm of Bioethics. Finally the author concludes with an enunciation of what would constitute a conceptual basis for the ontological foundation of Personal Bioethics derived from the initial framework of intuitive ideas first outlined by Sgreccia in the eighties. PMID:23745824

Sgreccia, Elio

103

Changing personalities: towards realistic virtual characters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer modelling of personality and behaviour is becoming increas- ingly important in many fields of computer science and psychology. Personality and emotion-driven Believable Agents are needed in areas like human-machine interfaces, electronic advertising and, most notably, electronic entertainment. Computer models of personality can help explain personality by illustrating its underlying structure and dynamics. This work presents a neural network model

Mike Poznanski; Paul Thagard

2005-01-01

104

Personality disorders  

MedlinePLUS

Personality disorders are a group of mental health conditions in which a person has a long-term pattern ... Causes of personality disorders are unknown. Genetic and ... a role. Mental health professionals categorize these disorders ...

105

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River  

SciTech Connect

Waterborne releases to the Techa River from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949-1956 resulted in significant doses to persons living downstream; the most contaminated village was Metlino, about 7 km from the site of release. Internal and external doses have been estimated for these residents using the Techa River Dosimetry System-2000 (TRDS-2000); the primary purpose is to support epidemiological studies of the members of the Extended Techa River Cohort. Efforts to validate the calculations of external and internal dose are considered essential. One validation study of the TRDS-2000 system has been performed by the comparison of calculated doses to quartz from bricks in old buildings at Metlino with those measured by luminescence dosimetry. Two additional methods of validation considered here are electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements of teeth and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) measurements of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes. For electron paramagnetic resonance, 36 measurements on 26 teeth from 16 donors from Metlino were made at the GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health (16 measurements) and the Institute of Metal Physics (20 measurements); the correlation among measurements made at the two laboratories has been found to be 0.99. Background measurements were also made on 218 teeth (63 molars, 128 premolars, and 27 incisors). Fluorescence in situ hybridization measurements were made for 31 residents of Metlino. These measurements were handicapped by the analysis of a limited number of cells; for several individuals no stable translocations were observed. Fluorescence in situ hybridization measurements were also made for 39 individuals believed to be unexposed. The EPR- and FISH-based estimates agreed well for permanent residents of Metlino: 0.67 +/- 0.21 Gy and 0.48 +/- 0.18 Gy (mean +/- standard error of the mean), respectively. Results of the two experimental methods also agreed well with the estimates derived from the use of the TRDS-2000. For all persons investigated according to each technique, the EPR-measured dose to enamel was 0.55 +/- 0.17 Gy, and the TRDS-2000 prediction for the dose to enamel for these individuals is 0.55 +/- 0.07 Gy. The fluorescence in situ hybridization-based dose, 0.38 +/- 0.10 Gy, compared well to the TRDS-2000 prediction of external dose, 0.31 +/- 0.03 Gy, to red bone marrow for these persons. Validation of external doses at the remaining villages is an active area of investigation.

Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Akleyev, A V.; Jacob, Peter; Ivanov, Denis V.; Wieser, Albrecht; Vorobiova, M I.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shved, Valentina A.; Vozilova, Alexandra; Bayankin, Sergey N.; Napier, Bruce A.

2005-02-01

106

Use of Electronic Technologies to Promote Community and Personal Health for Individuals Unconnected to Health Care Systems  

PubMed Central

Ensuring health care services for populations outside the mainstream health care system is challenging for all providers. But developing the health care infrastructure to better serve such unconnected individuals is critical to their health care status, to third-party payers, to overall cost savings in public health, and to reducing health disparities. Our increasingly sophisticated electronic technologies offer promising ways to more effectively engage this difficult to reach group and increase its access to health care resources. This process requires developing not only newer technologies but also collaboration between community leaders and health care providers to bring unconnected individuals into formal health care systems. We present three strategies to reach vulnerable groups, outline benefits and challenges, and provide examples of successful programs.

Crilly, John F.; Volpe, Fred

2011-01-01

107

Bias and uncertainty of penetrating photon dose measured by film dosemeters in an epidemiological study of US nuclear workers.  

PubMed

A retrospective exposure assessment of 1269 study subjects was completed for use in a multi-site case-control study of the relationship between protracted workplace external radiation exposure and leukaemia mortality. The majority of exposure data result from film badge monitoring programmes at the four US weapons production facilities and a US Naval shipyard. Bias and uncertainty in reported exposures among study facilities and across time were as result of differences in incident photon energy, exposure geometry, dosemeter type and dosimetry methods. These sources of measurement uncertainty were examined by facility and time to derive bias factors (B) for normalising exposures. In conjunction with facility reported results, the bias factors provide a means to estimate the equivalent dose, penetrating to a depth of 10 mm [H(p)(10)] and the equivalent dose to the active bone marrow for use in the epidemiological study. Uncertainty was expressed as the constructed 95% confidence interval (i.e. the 2.5th-97.5th% range) of the estimated parameter. The bias factors indicate that recorded exposures provide a reasonable estimate of H(p)(10) (bias factor near unity) and overestimate equivalent dose to active bone marrow (H(T)) by a factor between 1.2 and 1.7. On average, dosemeter-response uncertainties estimated using Monte Carlo simulation were approximately +/-19 and +/-33% for H(p)(10) and H(T), respectively. PMID:15769802

Daniels, R D; Schubauer-Berigan, M K

2005-03-15

108

Development of a neutron personal dose equivalent detector.  

PubMed

A new neutron-measuring instrument that is intended to measure a neutron personal dose equivalent, H(p)(10) was developed. This instrument is composed of two parts: (1) a conventional moderator-based neutron dose equivalent meter and (2) a neutron shield made of borated polyethylene, which covers a backward hemisphere to adjust the angular dependence. The whole design was determined on the basis of MCNP calculations so as to have response characteristics that would generally match both the energy and angular dependencies of H(p)(10). This new instrument will be a great help in assessing the reference values of neutron H(p)(10) during field testing of personal neutron dosemeters in workplaces and also in interpreting their readings. PMID:17545659

Tsujimura, N; Yoshida, T; Takada, C; Momose, T; Nunomiya, T; Aoyama, K

2007-06-02

109

User evaluation of two electronic mobility aids for persons who are visually impaired: a quasi-experimental study using a standardized mobility course.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to enhance insight into the functionality, usability, and efficacy of two systematically selected Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation. Eight persons who are visually impaired participated in a user evaluation of the UltraCane and the Miniguide. The participants' mobility performance was observed while completing a standardized indoor mobility course with their regular mobility aid, then with each EMA, and assessed in terms of speed, Percentage Preferred Walking Speed (PPWS), type and number of mobility incidents made. Interviews were administered to ascertain users' satisfaction with the functionality, effectiveness and specific features of the assistive devices. Walking speed and PPWS declined when using an EMA compared to the long cane. The mean total number of previously defined mobility incidents decreased significantly and also the type of mobility incidents changed. Generally, participants were quite satisfied with the use of the EMA, and detailed advantageous as well as disadvantageous aspects concerning functionality and certain features of both devices. The UltraCane and the Miniguide have proven to be effective on an indoor mobility course. Individual users' characteristics and preferences appear to be critical for their appraisal of the devices. PMID:22876733

Roentgen, Uta R; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; de Witte, Luc P

2012-01-01

110

Personality Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... and inflexible. The behaviors cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have trouble ... everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The cause of personality disorders ...

111

Patient Experiences With Full Electronic Access to Health Records and Clinical Notes Through the My HealtheVet Personal Health Record Pilot: Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Full sharing of the electronic health record with patients has been identified as an important opportunity to engage patients in their health and health care. The My HealtheVet Pilot, the initial personal health record of the US Department of Veterans Affairs, allowed patients and their delegates to view and download content in their electronic health record, including clinical notes, laboratory tests, and imaging reports. Objective A qualitative study with purposeful sampling sought to examine patients’ views and experiences with reading their health records, including their clinical notes, online. Methods Five focus group sessions were conducted with patients and family members who enrolled in the My HealtheVet Pilot at the Portland Veterans Administration Medical Center, Oregon. A total of 30 patients enrolled in the My HealtheVet Pilot, and 6 family members who had accessed and viewed their electronic health records participated in the sessions. Results Four themes characterized patient experiences with reading the full complement of their health information. Patients felt that seeing their records positively affected communication with providers and the health system, enhanced knowledge of their health and improved self-care, and allowed for greater participation in the quality of their care such as follow-up of abnormal test results or decision-making on when to seek care. While some patients felt that seeing previously undisclosed information, derogatory language, or inconsistencies in their notes caused challenges, they overwhelmingly felt that having more, rather than less, of their health record information provided benefits. Conclusions Patients and their delegates had predominantly positive experiences with health record transparency and the open sharing of notes and test results. Viewing their records appears to empower patients and enhance their contributions to care, calling into question common provider concerns about the effect of full record access on patient well-being. While shared records may or may not impact overall clinic workload, it is likely to change providers’ work, necessitating new types of skills to communicate and partner with patients.

Schwartz, Erin; Tuepker, Anais; Press, Nancy A; Nazi, Kim M; Turvey, Carolyn L; Nichol, W. Paul

2013-01-01

112

Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

By empowering consumers, electronic personal health records (ePHRs, more commonly PHRs) will play a key role in the evolving electronically enabled health information environment. Consumers want to be more engaged in their own healthcare and are seeking out information online. Despite intense concerns about confidentiality and security, they have high expectations for electronic health information.The growth of patient self- management

Marion J. Ball; Carla Smith; Richard S. Bakalar

113

Personality Disorders  

PubMed Central

To date, five major studies have examined the prevalence and type of personality disorders in community samples in the United States. According to the majority of studies, the overall prevalence of Axis II disorders in the general population is consistently around 10 percent. According to the most recent study, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is the most frequent Axis II disorder in community samples in the United States, followed by narcissistic and borderline personality disorders. In contrast to studies in the United States, community prevalence rates of personality disorders in other countries show moderately wide variation, from 6.1 to 13.4 percent; yet, the averaging of these two low/high percentages results in 9.7 percent. The most common type of personality pathology in a given country varies, and this variance may be accounted for in a number of relevant ways.

Sansone, Lori A.

2011-01-01

114

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River  

SciTech Connect

Waterborne releases from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949–1956 resulted in significant doses to persons living downstream; the most contaminated village was Metlino about 7 km downstream. Internal and external doses have been estimated for these residents using the Techa River Dosimetry System–2000; the primary purpose is to support epidemiological studies of the members of the Extended Techa River Cohort (ETRC). Efforts to validate the calculations of external and internal dose are considered essential. Two methods used for the validation of external dose are electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements of teeth and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) measurements of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes. For EPR, 36 measurements on 26 teeth from 16 donors from Metlino were made at the GSF (16 measurements) and the IMP (20 measurements); the correlation between measurements made at the two laboratories has been found to be 0.99. Background measurements were also made on 218 teeth (63 molars, 128 premolars, and 27 incisors). FISH measurements were made for 31 residents of Metlino at the GSF. These measurements were handicapped by the analysis of a limited number of cells; for several individuals no stable translocations were observed. FISH measurements were also made for 39 individuals believed to be unexposed. The majority of EPR-measurement results fell within the range of 70 to 2700 mGy (including background). The results of FISH-based measurements fell within the range of nondetectable to 2 Gy (background subtracted). The results of individual measurements using EPR and FISH methods were generally consistent with each other and with results of other assays, including thermoluminescent measurements of quartz extracted from bricks taken from old buildings. Results were also consistent with those estimated with the TRDS-2000. Thus, the limited sets of data currently available tend to validate the present calculations of external dose for members of the ETRC. However, more validation work is considered essential to the credibility of the dose calculations being made with the TRDS-2000.

Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Akleyev, A. V.; Jacob, Peter; Ivanov, Denis V.; Wieser, Albrecht; Vorobiova, M. I.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shved, Valentina A.; Vozilova, Alexandra; Bayankin, Sergey N.; Napier, Bruce A.

2005-02-01

115

Personal Dose Equivalent Conversion Coefficients For Photons To 1 GEV  

SciTech Connect

The personal dose equivalent, H{sub p}(d), is the quantity recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) to be used as an approximation of the protection quantity Effective Dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations. The personal dose equivalent can be defined for any location and depth within the body. Typically, the location of interest is the trunk where personal dosemeters are usually worn and in this instance a suitable approximation is a 30 cm X 30 cm X 15 cm slab-type phantom. For this condition the personal dose equivalent is denoted as H{sub p,slab}(d) and the depths, d, are taken to be 0.007 cm for non-penetrating and 1 cm for penetrating radiation. In operational radiation protection a third depth, 0.3 cm, is used to approximate the dose to the lens of the eye. A number of conversion coefficients for photons are available for incident energies up to several MeV, however, data to higher energies are limited. In this work conversion coefficients up to 1 GeV have been calculated for H{sub p,slab}(10) and H{sub p,slab}(3) using both the kerma approximation and by tracking secondary charged particles. For H{sub p}(0.07) the conversion coefficients were calculated, but only to 10 MeV due to computational limitations. Additionally, conversions from air kerma to H{sub p,slab}(d) have been determined and are reported. The conversion coefficients were determined for discrete incident energies, but analytical fits of the coefficients over the energy range are provided. Since the inclusion of air can influence the production of secondary charged particles incident on the face of the phantom conversion coefficients have been determined both in vacuo and with the source and slab immersed within a sphere in air. The conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent are compared to the appropriate protection quantity, calculated according to the recommendations of the latest International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) guidance.

Veinot, K. G.; Hertel, N. E.

2010-09-27

116

Personality Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality disorder (PD) is the primary psychiatric illness observed in most patients with psychosocial complaints, particularly\\u000a young adults. PD is present in one sixth of people in the general population and more than half of all psychiatric patients.\\u000a Reliable diagnosis of PD can be made in routine clinical practice by brief assessment of two essential features of a person’s\\u000a character—low

C. Robert Cloninger; Dragan M. Svrakic

117

On the use of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters in space--a critical review.  

PubMed

The use of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLDs) in space radiation fields is reviewed. It is demonstrated in the context of modified track structure theory and microdosimetric track structure theory that there is no unique correlation between the relative thermoluminescence (TL) efficiency of heavy charged particles, neutrons of all energies and linear energy transfer (LET). Many experimental measurements dating back more than two decades also demonstrate the multivalued, non-universal, relationship between relative TL efficiency and LET. It is further demonstrated that the relative intensities of the dosimetric peaks and especially the high-temperature structure are dependent on a large number of variables, some controllable, some not. It is concluded that TL techniques employing the concept of LET (e.g. measurement of total dose, the high-temperature ratio (HTR) methods and other combinations of the relative TL efficiency of the various peaks used to estimate average Q or simulate Q-LET relationships) should be regarded as lacking a sound theoretical basis, highly prone to error and, as well, lack of reproducibility/universality due to the absence of a standardised experimental protocol essential to reliable experimental methodology. PMID:14653322

Horowitz, Y S; Satinger, D; Fuks, E; Oster, L; Podpalov, L

2003-01-01

118

Alarm inhalation dosemeter for long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release  

SciTech Connect

MyRIAM is the acronym for My Radioactivity In Air Monitor and points out that the device was designed for personal use to detect any radioactivity in the air at the place and at the moment of danger. The active air sampling process enables a detection limit several orders of magnitude below that of Gamma detectors. Therefore, it is the unique way to detect dangerous exposures in time.Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust (LLRD) saves human life and health. LLRD may occur in natural environment as well as in case of nuclear accidence or military and terrorist attacks. But in any case, the immediate warning of the population is of great importance. Keep in mind: it is very easy to avoid LLRD inhalation--but you have to recognize the imminent danger. The second requirement of gap-less documentation and reliable assessment of any derived LLRD exposure is building the link to Dosimetry applications.The paper demonstrates the possibility to design small and low cost air samplers, which can be used as personal alarm dosimeters and fulfil the requirements mentioned above.Several test measurements taken by a mobile phone sized MyRIAM, shall be used to demonstrate the correctness of this statement.

Streil, T.; Oeser, V. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Rambousky, R.; Buchholz, F. W. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Armed Forces Scientific Institute for Protection Technologies-NBC Protection PO.Box 1142, 29633 Munster (Germany)

2008-08-07

119

Paranoid Personality Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Paranoid Personality Disorder What is paranoid personality disorder? Paranoid personality disorder (PPD) is one of a group of conditions called eccentric personality disorders. People with these disorders ...

120

PERSONS WITH MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, Internal Self 1lelpers (ISM) of persons with multiple personality rlisorrler OWPI)) have been deseriberl by rr )7mill Humber of therapists. ii is .studV Iwo\\/ens the base ala I inaton relating to ISHs. Forty respondents who collectively had been therapists fur-rr totrtl of 690 i11P1) patients participated in the snarly. 77re findings of this study suti g ges

M. Ann Adams; Ann Adams; M. N. Sc

1989-01-01

121

Personalization in E-Commerce Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. This chapter is about personalization and adaptation in electronic commerce (e- commerce) applications. In the first part, we briefly introdu ce the challenges posed by e- commerce and we discuss how personalization strategies can help companies to face such challenges. Then, we describe the aspects of personalization, taken as a general technique for the customization of services to the

Anna Goy; Liliana Ardissono; Giovanna Petrone

2007-01-01

122

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River  

Microsoft Academic Search

Waterborne releases to the Techa River from the Mayak Production Association in Russia during 1949-1956 resulted in significant doses to persons living downstream; the most contaminated village was Metlino, about 7 km from the site of release. Internal and external doses have been estimated for these residents using the Techa River Dosimetry System-2000 (TRDS-2000); the primary purpose is to support

Marina O. Degteva; Lynn R. Anspaugh; Alexander V. Akleyev; Peter Jacob; Denis V. Ivanov; Albrecht Wieser; Marina I. Vorobiova; Elena A. Shishkina; Valentina A. Shved; Alexandra Vozilova; Sergey N. Bayankin; Bruce A. Napier

2005-01-01

123

Personal Revelation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Activity: You are going to develop a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father responds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Teaching Emphasis (Core) I cannot use any language that describes to you what a revelation is. Somebody said, How can I tell if I have a revelation? I have had a feeling that such and such is true. How can I be sure? ...Revelation is something you experience, and the way that ...

Vasas, Brother

2008-10-15

124

49 CFR 229.20 - Electronic recordkeeping.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...security such as recognition of an electronic signature, or other means, which uniquely identify the initiating person as the author of that record. No two persons shall have the same electronic identity; (2) The electronic system shall ensure that...

2012-10-01

125

Calculated energy response correction factors for LiF thermoluminescent dosemeters employed in the seventh EULEP dosimetry intercomparison  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several dosimetry intercomparisons for whole body irradiation of mice have been organized by the European Late Effects Project Group (EULEP). These studies were performed employing a mouse phantom loaded with LiF thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs). In-phantom, the energy response of the LiF TLDs differs from free-in-air, due to spectral differences caused by attenuation and scatter of x-rays. From previous studies, energy response correction factors in-phantom relative to free-in-air were available for full scatter conditions. In the more recent intercomparisons, however, full scatter conditions were not always employed by the participants. Therefore, Monte Carlo calculations of radiation transport were performed to verify the LiF TLD energy response correction factors in-phantom relative to free-in-air for full scatter conditions and to obtain energy response correction factors for geometries where full scatter conditions are not met. For incident x-rays with HVLs in the 1 to 3.5 mm Cu range, the energy response correction factor in-phantom deviates by 2 to 4 per cent from that measured free-in-air. This is in reasonable agreement with previously published results. The energy response correction factors obtained from the present study refer to a calibration in terms of muscle tissue dose in-phantom using gamma rays. For geometries where full scatter conditions are not fulfilled, the energy response correction factors are different by up to about 3 per cent at maximum from that at full scatter conditions. The dependence of the energy response correction factor as a function of the position in-phantom is small, i.e. about 1 per cent at maximum between central and top or bottom positions.

Zoetelief, J.; Jansen, J. Th M.

1997-08-01

126

Person Perception and Personality Pathology  

PubMed Central

Studies of person perception (people's impressions and beliefs about others) have developed important concepts and methods that can be used to help improve the assessment of personality disorders. They may also inspire advances in our knowledge of the nature and origins of these conditions. Information collected from peers and other types of informants is reliable and provides a perspective that often differs substantially from that obtained using questionnaires and interviews. For some purposes, this information is quite useful. Much remains to be learned about the incremental validity (and potential biases) associated with data from various kinds of informants.

Oltmanns, Thomas F.; Turkheimer, Eric

2010-01-01

127

Person Tracking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the most basic building blocks for the understanding of human actions and interactions is the accurate detection and tracking of persons in a scene. In constrained scenarios involving at most one subject, or in situations where persons can be confined to a controlled monitoring space or required to wear markers, sensors, or microphones, these tasks can be solved with relative ease. However, when accurate localization and tracking have to be performed in an unobtrusive or discreet fashion, using only distantly placed microphones and cameras, in a variety of natural and uncontrolled scenarios, the challenges posed are much greater. The problems faced by video analysis are those of poor or uneven illumination, low resolution, clutter or occlusion, unclean backgrounds, and multiple moving and uncooperative users that are not always easily distinguishable.

Bernardin, Keni; Stiefelhagen, Rainer; Pnevmatikakis, Aristodemos; Lanz, Oswald; Brutti, Alessio; Casas, Josep R.; Potamianos, Gerasimos

128

Personalizing Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

DNA is the essence of biological diversity. But it's responsible for more than just the basics like eye color, hair texture or height. At a less visible level, DNA also varies our bodies' reactions to our environment. It's also the foundation of personalized medicine, a developing medical model that takes our genetic differences into account.\\u000aThis new approach may reshape

2011-01-01

129

Detection of thermal neutrons with a CMOS pixel sensor for a future dosemeter  

SciTech Connect

The RaMsEs group (Radioprotection et Mesures Environnementales) is developing a new compact device for operational neutron dosimetry. The electronic part of the detector is made of an integrated active pixel sensor, originally designed for tracking in particle physics. This device has useful features for neutrons, such as high detection efficiency for charged particles, good radiation resistance, high readout speed, low power consumption and high rejection of photon background. A good response of the device to fast neutrons has already been demonstrated [1]. In order to test the sensibility of the detector to thermal neutrons, experiments have been carried out with a 512 x 512 pixel CMOS sensor on a californium source moderated with heavy water (Cf.D{sub 2}O) on the Van Gogh irradiator at the LMDN, IRSN, Cadarache (France)). A thin boron converter is used to benefit from the significant cross section of the {sup 10}B (n,{alpha}) {sup 7}Li reaction. Results show a high detection efficiency (around 10{sup -3}) of the device to thermal neutrons. Our measurements are in good agreement with GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations. (authors)

Vanstalle, M.; Husson, D.; Higueret, S.; Le, T. D.; Nourreddine, A. M. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

2011-07-01

130

Thermoluminescence solid-state nanodosimetry--the peak 5A/5 dosemeter.  

PubMed

The shape of composite peak 5 in the glow curve of LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) following (90)Sr/(90)Y beta irradiation, previously demonstrated to be dependent on the cooling rate used in the 400°C pre-irradiation anneal, is shown to be dependent on ionisation density in both naturally cooled and slow-cooled samples. Following heavy-charged particle high-ionisation density (HID) irradiation, the temperature of composite peak 5 decreases by ?5°C and the peak becomes broader. This behaviour is attributed to an increase in the relative intensity of peak 5a (a low-temperature satellite of peak 5). The relative intensity of peak 5a is estimated using a computerised glow curve deconvolution code based on first-order kinetics. The analysis uses kinetic parameters for peaks 4 and 5 determined from ancillary measurements resulting in nearly 'single-glow peak' curves for both the peaks. In the slow-cooled samples, owing to the increased relative intensity of peak 5a compared with the naturally cooled samples, the precision of the measurement of the 5a/5 intensity ratio is found to be ?15% (1 SD) compared with ?25% for the naturally cooled samples. The ratio of peak 5a/5 in the slow-cooled samples is found to increase systematically and gradually through a variety of radiation fields from a minimum value of 0.13±0.02 for (90)Sr/(90)Y low-ionisation density irradiations to a maximum value of ?0.8 for 20 MeV Cu and I ion HID irradiations. Irradiation by low-energy electrons of energy 0.1-1.5 keV results in values between 1.27 and 0.95, respectively. The increasing values of the ratio of peak 5a/5 with increasing ionisation density demonstrate the viability of the concept of the peak 5a/5 nanodosemeter and its potential in the measurement of average ionisation density in a 'nanoscopic' mass containing the trapping centre/luminescent centre spatially correlated molecule giving rise to composite peak 5. PMID:21149323

Fuks, E; Horowitz, Y S; Horowitz, A; Oster, L; Marino, S; Rainer, M; Rosenfeld, A; Datz, H

2010-12-13

131

[Personalized neurooncology].  

PubMed

The treatment of patients with intrinsic brain tumors is radically changing. This change is currently not (yet) signified by the use of targeted therapy in clinical practice but more by the definition of molecular markers as predictors for response to therapy which have been used for a long time. While in the past the choice of treatment has been based solely on the tumor entity and its degree of malignancy derived from histological analyses, large randomized trials have now provided a solid basis for personalized molecular-guided treatment decisions. For instance, in the German NOA-08 trial a benefit of chemotherapy with temozolomide alone was only demonstrated in a subgroup of elderly patients with malignant gliomas displaying promoter hypermethylation of the DNA repair enzyme MGMT. This is only one of several examples where molecular analysis of tumor tissue becomes clinically relevant as these analyses can and should be taken into account for treatment decisions and not, as previously, just as an additional parameter for estimating prognosis. This article illustrates the current developments in the area of personalized neurooncology and critically reviews the impact on clinical decision-making in daily practice. PMID:23775285

Platten, M; Steinbach, J P; Wick, W

2013-08-01

132

Personal construct psychology and personal selling performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proposes an alternative approach to understanding personal selling performance based on personal construct psychology, a cognitively based personality paradigm, originally formulated in clinical psychology by George Kelly. Explains how personal construct psychology theory (PCT), which reflects a constructivist epistemology, provides a conceptual framework for understanding and predicting sales performance. Demonstrates how PCT can be integrated with existing theoretical models of

Richard E. Plank; Joel N. Greene

1996-01-01

133

Privacy in electronic communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

As use of information technology increases, there has been an upsurge in the way that people can access and deal with personal data, particularly in electronic format and over electronic communications system. A whole world of electronic monitoring continues to grow rapidly with the increasing amounts of technology. In every electronic communication, an Internet user gives away some form of

Sylvia Kierkegaard

2005-01-01

134

Caracterizacion de un sistema de dosimetria personal termoluminiscente (UD-710A, UD-802, UD-875 Panasonic). (Characterization of a thermoluminiscence personnel dosimetry system).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Various tests carried out to characterize a Thermoluminiscence Personnel Dosimetry Automatic System, based on the optical heating of amultielement dosemeter are presented. The dosemeter consists of Lithium Borate (Copper) and Calcium Sulphate (Thallium) p...

C. Vazquez J. C. Saez T. Labarta

1989-01-01

135

Personality and eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives of review. This chapter reviews research findings from 2005 and 2006 regarding dimensional personality traits, categorical personality disorders and dimensional personality pathology, and categorical person- ality subtypes in eating disorders. Summary of recent findings. Approaches linking specific personality traits to eating pathology have demonstrated the predictive validity of perfec- tionism and impulsiveness. Impulsive behaviors are associated with com- pulsivity

Kristin M von Ranson

136

PERSONAL NETWORKS AND THE PERSONAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to technologically deterministic approaches that focus on how communication technology affects social relationships, this paper examines how individuals draw on a variety of commonly used communication media in conjunction with in-person contact to stay connected to their personal networks. I term this use of multiple communication media the ‘personal communication system’. Findings are based on a random sample

Jeffrey Boase

2008-01-01

137

Can computer personalities be human personalities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study demonstrates that (1) computer personalities can be easily created using a minimal set of cues, and (2) that people will respond to these personalities in the same way they would respond to similar human personalities. The present study focuses on the “simikirityattraction hypothesis,” which predicts that people will prefer to interact with others who are similar in

Clifford Nass; Youngme Moon; B. J. Fogg; Byron Reeves; Chris Dryer

1995-01-01

138

Dependent personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Dependent personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional ... Cause of dependent personality disorder is unknown. The disorder usually ... is one of the most common personality disorders and is ...

139

Schizoid Personality Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... of disorders, which includes schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia. These conditions all have similar symptoms, such as ... emotional expression. However, unlike schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, people with schizoid personality disorder: Are in touch ...

140

Avoidant Personality Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Health & Education Avoidant Personality Disorder Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by extreme social inhibition (shyness), feelings of inadequacy, and acute sensitivity to actual or perceived ...

141

Schizotypal Personality Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... subject of bullying or teasing. Schizotypal personality vs. schizophrenia Schizotypal personality disorder can easily be confused with schizophrenia, a severe mental illness in which people lose ...

142

Low-Voltage-Operation High-Power-Density AlGaAs/InGaAs Enhancement-Mode Pseudomorphic High-Electron-Mobility Transistor for Personal Handy-Phone Handset Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high-power-density enhancement-mode AlGaAs/InGaAs pseudomorphic high-electron-mobility transistor (E-PHEMT) is developed for the Japanese personal handy-phone system (PHS). The E-PHEMT has a total gate width of 3.36 mm with a gate length of 0.5 ?m. The E-PHEMT shows a high power density of 247 mW/mm at 3.6 V, 196 mW/mm at 3 V, 152 mW/mm at 2.4 V and 63 mW/mm at 1.2 V, this is the highest power density reported so far for E-PHEMT with similar device size and bias conditions. When the E-PHEMT was qualified by 1.9 GHz ?/4-shifted quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulated signal for PHS at 2.4 V with idle current of 30 mA, the device shows a linear PAE of 35.1% with associated power gain of 15.5 dB at output power of 22.4 dBm. The adjacent channel leakage power (Padj) of the device is -56.6 dBc at 600 kHz apart from the center frequency. The E-PHEMT meets PHS specifications and demonstrates high power density, excellent power efficiency and linearity at low bias voltage.

Chen, Szu-Hung; Chang, Li; Chang, Edward Yi; Chang, Chun-Yen

2002-01-01

143

Personality Metatraits and Music Preferences in Adolescence: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploring relations between the personality metatraits of the Five-Factor Model of personality (Stability and Plasticity) and music preferences in adolescence represents a new research path. The objective of this pilot study was to explore the potential of considering these two personality metatraits in research on adolescent music preferences (Metal, Soul, Electronic, Pop, Classical, and Eclecticism). The sample was composed of

Dave Miranda; Julien Morizot; Patrick Gaudreau

2010-01-01

144

Stiff-Person Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Stiff-Person Syndrome Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Stiff-Person Syndrome? Is there ... is being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Stiff-Person Syndrome? Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neurological ...

145

PERSONAL VERSUS MASS COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the comparison of the various aspects of advertising and personal selling, it can be seen that personal selling is a more effective and powerful communication tool than advertising, but advertising is more time and cost efficient than personal selling. Thus advertising and personal selling are tools at the disposal of a marketer and subjects to a firm’s overall objectives.

Girboveanu Sorina

2007-01-01

146

Person memory and judgment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two general types of information about a person are considered in this article: One pertains to specific behaviors a person has manifested, and the other refers to more abstract personality disposi- tions or behavioral tendencies. A theoretical model of person memory that incorporates both types of information is developed. The model accounts for a large number of factors that are

Thomas K. Srull; Robert S. Wyer

1989-01-01

147

Scanning electronic documents for personally identifiable information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sometimes, it is necessary to remove author names and other per- sonally identifiable information (PII) from documents befo re pub- lication. We have implemented a novel defensive tool for detect- ing such data automatically. By using the detection tool, we have learned about where PII may be stored in documents and how it is put there. A key observation is

Tuomas Aura; Thomas A. Kuhn; Michael Roe

2006-01-01

148

Personal Monitor and Communicator: An Electronic Dogtag.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This system is being developed to enhance the military's ability to more efficiently deploy medical assistance to casualties on the battlefield. Included in the system are miniature sensors on the soldiers, incorporated into a wristband, Figure 1, and a c...

W. A. Tacker L. A. Geddes J. D. Bourland K. S. Foster

1984-01-01

149

An electronic personal UV-B-dosimeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the International Workshop on Biological UV-Dosimetry in Budapest, 29 November–3 December 1994, a comparison of different UV-dosimeters was carried out in order to evaluate their performance and to compare different types of measurement. The various dosimeter types included dotted dried spores of Bacillus subtilis on glass and plastic (“biofilms”). Solar Light Company Biometers (Robertson-Berger Meters), thin layer uracil sensors,

Saad El Naggar; Hans Gustat; Hagen Magister; Robby Rochlitzer

1995-01-01

150

A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have begun the development of a new robotic pet that can support children in the storytelling process. Children can build their own pet by snapping together the modular animal parts of the PETS robot. After their pet is built, children can tell stories using the My Pets software. These stories can then be acted out by their robotic pet.

Allison Druin; Jaime Montemayor; Jim Hendler; Britt McAlister; Angela Boltman; Eric Fiterman; Aurelie Plaisant; Alex Kruskal; Hanne Olsen; Isabella Revett; Thomas Plaisant Schwenn; Lauren Sumida; Rebecca Wagner

151

Balancing personalized medicine and personalized care.  

PubMed

The current description of personalized medicine by the National Institutes of Health is "the science of individualized prevention and therapy." Although physicians are beginning to see the promise of genetic medicine coming to fruition, the rapid pace of sequencing technology, informatics, and computer science predict a revolution in the ability to care for patients in the near future. The enthusiasm expressed by researchers is well founded, but the expectations voiced by the public do not center on advancing technology. Rather, patients are asking for personalized care: a holistic approach that considers physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. This perspective considers psychological, religious, and ethical challenges that may arise as the precision of preventive medicine improves. Psychological studies already highlight the barriers to single gene testing and suggest significant barriers to the predictive testing envisioned by personalized medicine. Certain religious groups will likely mount opposition if they believe personalized medicine encourages embryo selection. If the technology prompts cost-containment discussions, those concerned about the sanctity of life may raise ethical objections. Consequently, the availability of new scientific developments does not guarantee advances in treatment because patients may prove unwilling to receive and act on personalized genetic information. This perspective highlights current efforts to incorporate personalized medicine and personalized care into the medical curriculum, genetic counseling, and other aspects of clinical practice. Because these efforts are generally independent, the authors offer recommendations for physicians and educators so that personalized medicine can be implemented in a manner that meets patient expectations for personalized care. PMID:23348082

Cornetta, Kenneth; Brown, Candy Gunther

2013-03-01

152

Personality and Fibromyalgia Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Objectives: We aimed to review how personality characteristics contribute to the onset, maintenance or modulation of fibromyalgia. Method: The databases Medline and PsychINFO were examined from 1967 to 2012 to identify studies that investigated associations between fibromyalgia and personality. Search terms included fibromyalgia and personality, trait psychology, characteristics and individual differences. Results: Numerous studies indicate that patients with fibromyalgia experience psychological distress. Various instruments have been used to evaluate distress and related psychological domains, such as anxiety or depression, in fibromyalgia. In many cases, these same instruments have been used to study personality characteristics in fibromyalgia with a subsequent blurring of cause and effect between personality and psychological distress. In addition, the symptoms of fibromyalgia may change pre-illness personality characteristics themselves. These issues make it difficult to identify specific personality characteristics that might influence the fibromyalgia process. Despite this inherent problem with the methodologies used in the studies that make up this literature review, or perhaps because of it, we found no defined personality profile specific to fibromyalgia. However, many patients with fibromyalgia do show personality characteristics that facilitate psychological responses to stressful situations, such as catastrophising or poor coping techniques, and these in turn associate with mechanisms contributing to fibromyalgia. Conclusion: No specific fibromyalgia personality is defined but it is proposed that personality is an important filter that modulates a person’s response to psychological stressors. Certain personalities may facilitate translation of these stressors to physiological responses driving the fibromyalgia mechanism.

Malin, Katrina; Littlejohn, Geoffrey O

2012-01-01

153

41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inspection of the personal property to be sold? Yes...an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...circumstances prohibiting physical inspection, you...Regional Personal Property Office in...

2013-01-01

154

AIR TOXICS EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRONICS INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this project is to examine the emissions of air toxics from the combustion of electronics equipment, primarily personal computer components. Due to a shortage of recycling programs for personal computers and other personal electronics equipment, most of these mate...

155

Personal Software Process (PSP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Personal Software Process (PSP) provides engineers with a disciplined personal framework for doing software work. The PSP process consists of a set of methods, forms. and scripts that show software engineers how to plan, measure, and manage their work...

W. S. Humphrey

2000-01-01

156

Person Centered Planning. (Video).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this broadcast is to familiarize surveyors of intermediate care facilities for persons with mental retardation (ICFs/MR) and other professionals with the terms, concepts and survey issues related to person centered planning, a new paradigm ...

1997-01-01

157

Cryptosporidium: Infection - Immunocompromised Persons  

MedlinePLUS

... Who might be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system? Examples of persons with weakened immune systems include ... Top How does cryptosporidiosis affect you if your immune system is severely weakened? In persons with AIDS and ...

158

Personality and Prejudice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines authoritariansim and prejudice from the perspective of contemporary personality theory and literature. Historical theories are reviewed, concluding with current views on right-wing authoritariansim. Factor- based models of personality ...

J. L. Johnson

1997-01-01

159

Unlocking Personality Type.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines some of the intricacies of personality types and their effect on career choices. Proposes that knowing students' Myers-Briggs personality types can help school counselors guide them down the right career path. (GCP)|

Tieger, Paul D.

2002-01-01

160

Personal Wellness Tools  

MedlinePLUS

Personal Wellness Tools The Merriam-Webster dictionary gives several definitions for health, but the first entry says it ... org is home to a wealth of customizable, personal wellness tools to help you live a full, healthy, ...

161

Schizotypal personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... have depression. A second personality disorder, such as paranoid personality disorder, is also common. Common signs of ... of risk, such as a family history of schizophrenia, may allow early diagnosis.

162

Editorial: personality and situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last few decades the personality domain has witnessed several major controversies, including the person-situation debate and the debates on accurate reflection versus systematic distortion, on nomothetic versus idiographic approaches, on nature-nurture, etc. Within these controversies several sharp contrasts and pendulum movements have stood out. In particular, regarding the person-situation debate, during the late sixties global personality traits have

Iven Van Mechelen; Boele De Raad

1999-01-01

163

Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and Personality Development  

PubMed Central

In this essay I consider the future of personality development in light of the past effects of Personality and Assessment on the field of personality in general and personality development in particular. The essay is organized around 1) the effect of Mischel's book on the foundational theories informing personality development; 2) definitions of personality traits; 3) an alternative model of personality traits, described as the sociogenomic model of personality traits, that can bridge the divide that still characterizes the field of personality development; 4) the application of the sociogenomic model of personality traits to issues of personality trait development, and 5) a “Newtonian” vision for the future of personality psychology.

Roberts, Brent W.

2009-01-01

164

Creative Types and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aimed to identify types of creative activities and to examine which personality traits differentiate these behavioral types. Participants reported their activities concerning creative life-style, artistic creativity, and intellectual achievement. Also, they completed measures of personality traits concerning whole personality, emotions and motivation, cognition, social expression, and self-regulation. Five types of individuals were identified based on the profiles

Zorana Ivcevic; JOHN D. MAYER

2007-01-01

165

Microcomputers are personal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of microcomputers on our personal lives are pervasive. We wear microcomputers on our wrists as watches. We use dedicated microcomputers in appliances as diverse as microwave ovens, televisions, phone answering machines and sphygmomanometers. We buy ourselves and our children various microcomputer implemented games and educational toys. We actually use microcomputers explicitly in our personal computers: for personal data

Carl T. Helmers Jr.

1980-01-01

166

Online personals: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online personal advertisements have recently become an easy, socially acceptable way to meet partners for dates or relationships. Because popular personals systems not only reflect but also have the potential to reshape how people attract one another, date, and fall in love, the design of these systems merits careful consideration. We present a survey of current styles of online personals,

Andrew T. Fiore; Judith S. Donath

2004-01-01

167

Predicting Personality from Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media is a place where users present themselves to the world, revealing personal details and insights into their lives. We are beginning to understand how some of this information can be utilized to improve the users' experiences with interfaces and with one another. In this paper, we are interested in the personality of users. Personality has been shown to

Jennifer Golbeck; Cristina Robles; Michon Edmondson; Karen Turner

2011-01-01

168

Secure personal network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, Personal Networks (PNs) have been focused in supporting the user's business and private activities without jeopardizing privacy and security of the users and their data. The support in business and private activities will take place through the user's own personal network consisting of a core Personal Area Network (PAN) extended with clusters of remote devices which could be private,

Puri N. Anggraeni; Neeli R. Prasad; R. Prasad

2008-01-01

169

Detecting Personal Trading Abuses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mutual fund industry has been rocked recently by disclosures of alleged personal trading abuses. The market timing alleged by portfolio managers in their personal trading accounts is just the tip of the scandalous personal trading abuses, some of which will be uncovered in the months and years to come. While working at the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1994

Craig J. McCann

170

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology.

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

171

Monte Carlo modelling and real-time dosemeter measurements of dose rate distribution at a 60Co industrial irradiation plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dose rate distribution in a MDS Nordion JS7500 60Co industrial irradiation plant has been calculated using the egspp Monte Carlo code. This code is a development of the established EGSnrc code developed and distributed by National Research Council of Canada. The coding method is described and absolute dose rates given for each of the dwell positions in the path through the irradiator. These calculated dose rates have been compared with measurements made using a radiation resistant electronic dosimetry system. In addition, the integral dose derived from calculated and measured dose rates has been compared to the value obtained using chemical dosimeters.

Bailey, M.; Sephton, J. P.; Sharpe, P. H. G.

2009-07-01

172

Merging second-person and first-person neuroscience  

PubMed Central

Schilbach et al. contrast second-person and third-person approaches to social neuroscience. We discuss relations between second-person and first-person approaches, arguing that they cannot be studied in isolation. Contingency is central for converging first- and second-person approaches. Studies of embodiment show how contingencies scaffold first-person perspective and how the transition from a third- to a second-person perspective fundamentally involves first-person contributions.

Longo, Matthew R.; Tsakiris, Manos

2013-01-01

173

Merging second-person and first-person neuroscience.  

PubMed

Schilbach et al. contrast second-person and third-person approaches to social neuroscience. We discuss relations between second-person and first-person approaches, arguing that they cannot be studied in isolation. Contingency is central for converging first- and second-person approaches. Studies of embodiment show how contingencies scaffold first-person perspective and how the transition from a third- to a second-person perspective fundamentally involves first-person contributions. PMID:23883758

Longo, Matthew R; Tsakiris, Manos

2013-08-01

174

An Integrative Conceptual Framework for Assessing Personality and Personality Pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a contribution to the ongoing debate over the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5, we present a framework for jointly conceptualizing personality and personality pathology. The key element is an explicit distinction between personality description (which is the realm of basic personality psychology) and personality evaluation (which is the realm of clinical personality psychology). Previous diagnostic systems

Daniel Leising; Johannes Zimmermann

2011-01-01

175

Personal Computer (PC) thermal analyzer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rome Air Development Center (RADC) has developed an expert system based design verification tool to increase the efficiency of calculating device junction temperatures on printed circuit boards (PCBs). This tool, the Personal Computer (PC) Thermal Analyzer, was developed for reliability and electronic design engineers for use during the computer-aided design (CAD) phase. The PC Thermal Analyzer was developed through the combination of two technical areas, thermal analysis and expert systems. This intelligent analyzer is a more effective verification tool because traditional tools require much time and knowledge of thermal analysis, while the PC Thermal Analyzer is quick, requires no expertise in thermal analysis, and provides useful results during the CAD phase.

Vaccaro, James M.; Holzhauer, Douglas J.; Yaworsky, Paul S.

1990-03-01

176

About Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  

MedlinePLUS

... I share personal protective equipment with other users? Q. What is personal protective equipment? A. Personal protective ... protect the wearer from serious injuries or illnesses. Q. How does personal protective equipment help prevent the ...

177

Managing Personality and Behavior Changes  

MedlinePLUS

... a person with Alzheimer’s disease. Common Changes in Personality and Behavior Common personality and behavior changes you ... lot a safe place to walk. • Try using music, singing, or dancing to distract the person. • Ask ...

178

Recent achievements in external radiation dosimetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of the more relevant recent achievements and developments in the field of external radiation dosimetry are reviewed in this presentation. Among them, topics related to personal dosimetry, as the relative role of active and passive methods and the features of some recently proposed new methods. Electronic personal dosemeters and Optically Stimulated Luminescence, OSL, have already accredited their adequacy for

Antonio Delgado

179

Privacy and personal health data in cyberspace.  

PubMed

In this series of articles, the author discusses the potential risks, benefits, and liabilities associated with using electronic communications and computer-based records to manage a patient's medical information. This second article in the series considers the role and responsibility of the healthcare professional in collecting and sharing a patient's private personal and medical data in online environments. Current practices and the potential pitfalls of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) are reviewed. PMID:12167943

Day, J

2001-02-15

180

Personality and anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality traits and most anxiety disorders are strongly related. In this article, we review existing evidence for ways\\u000a in which personality traits may relate to anxiety disorders: 1) as predisposing factors, 2) as consequences, 3) as results\\u000a of common etiologies, and 4) as pathoplastic factors. Based on current information, we conclude the following: 1) Personality\\u000a traits such as high neuroticism,

Mina Brandes; O. Joseph Bienvenu

2006-01-01

181

The Architecture of Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a theoretical framework for analyzing psychological systems that contribute to the variability, consistency, and cross-situational coherence of personality functioning. In the proposed knowledge-and-appraisal personality architecture (KAPA), personality structures and processes are delineated by combining 2 principles: distinctions (a) between knowledge structures and appraisal processes and (b) among intentional cognitions with varying directions of fit, with the latter

Daniel Cervone

2004-01-01

182

Securing Personal Network clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Personal Network is a self-organizing, secure and private network of a user’s devices notwithstanding their geographic location. It aims to utilize pervasive computing to provide users with new and improved services. In this paper we propose a model for securing Personal Network clusters. Clusters are ad-hoc networks of co-located personal devices. The ad-hoc makeup of clusters, coupled with the

Assed Jehangir; Sonia M. Heemstra de Groot

2007-01-01

183

Personal identification by eyes.  

PubMed

Identification of persons through the eyes is in the field of biometrical science. Many security systems are based on biometric methods of personal identification, to determine whether a person is presenting itself truly. The human eye contains an extremely large number of individual characteristics that make it particularly suitable for the process of identifying a person. Today, the eye is considered to be one of the most reliable body parts for human identification. Systems using iris recognition are among the most secure biometric systems. PMID:22220469

Marinovi?, Dunja; Njiri?, Sanja; Coklo, Miran; Muzi?, Vedrana

2011-09-01

184

Personal identity verification for regional emergency workers.  

PubMed

South Central Texas emergency planners have organised a regional Personal Identity Verification (PIV) project for hospital and emergency workers. This paper describes the development and administrative challenges in designing and implementing an electronic PIV system across multiple organisations in a 22-county region. PMID:18676341

McLeod, Alexander; Epley, Eric; Silenas, Rasa

2008-01-01

185

Libraries without resources: towards personal collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main function of the library of the future is to provide access to electronic sources stored elsewhere. In order to comply with the users’ needs, therefore, flexible license scenarios are necessary. Another future function of the library will be to set up and maintain a personal alerting system and to assist users in organising their own information, which should

Bas Savenije; Natalia Grygierczyk

2001-01-01

186

Lifestreams: a storage model for personal data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional software systems, such as those based on the “desktop metaphor,” are ill-equipped to manage the electronic information and events of the typical computer user. We introduce a new metaphor, Lifestreams, for dynamically organizing a user's personal workspace. Lifestreams uses a simple organizational metaphor, a time-ordered stream of documents, as an underlying storage system. Stream filters are used to organize,

Eric Freeman; David Gelernter

1996-01-01

187

Personal health records: a scoping review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be

N Archer; U Fevrier-Thomas; C Lokker; K A McKibbon; S E Straus

2011-01-01

188

Agape and Personal Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this dissertation is to explore the connection between love and personal knowledge and what Jesus' life and teaching reveal about the relationship between these. I want to distinguish that form of love or caring that makes relationships personal from those forms, like benevolence or compassion, where the concern is impersonal. It is commonly thought in contemporary Western

Peter Eric Bergeron

2010-01-01

189

Personalization management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization management systems represent one of the most promising advances in IT and are experiencing widespread adoption in application areas such as customer relationship management, e-commerce interaction and intimacy, and employee development and training. Personalization is concerned with building a closer relationship and understanding the needs of individuals or groups of customers, whether on the Internet or not. IDC Corp.

D. L. Amoroso; B. A. Reinig

2004-01-01

190

Personal Virtual Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virtual libraries are becoming more and more common. Most states have a virtual library. A growing number of public libraries have a virtual presence on the Web. Virtual libraries are a growing addition to school library media collections. The next logical step would be personal virtual libraries. A personal virtual library (PVL) is a collection…

Pappas, Marjorie L.

2004-01-01

191

Borderline Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this chapter is to elucidate the role of therapy homework in the context of an empirically supported treatment for borderline personality disorder— Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993a). Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a disorder of emotion dysregulation, and patients who meet criteria for BPD often present with myriad life difficulties and comorbid disorders. According to

Noam Lindenboim; Alex L. Chapman; Marsha M. Linehan

192

The personality of physicists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary-The Eysenck Personality Profiler (EPP) was given to 109 male and 133 female physicists and comparisons made with male and female population norms. Results confirm previous research with male scientists, showing them to be introverted and cautious (particularly careful, controlled, inhibited and unsociable). They were not, however, especially stable relative to same-sex controls. The personality profile of the female physicists

Glenn D. Wilson; Chris Jackson

1994-01-01

193

Criminal personality profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we examine outcome and process differences in criminal personality profiling among groups of profilers, detectives, psychologists, and students, using closed police cases—one sex offense and one homicide. Two major questions guide this research: (1) Are professional profilers more accurate than nonprofilers in generating personality profiles and correctly identifying offender features from crime scene details? and (2) Is

Anthony J. Pinizzottot; Norman J. Finkelt

1990-01-01

194

Personality and Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) and the Performance Evaluation Report (PER), two survey devices used by the U.S. Naval Academy were critically evaluated. The hypothesis that personality as measured by the 16PF could be used to predict...

J. W. Crews J. W. Cummings

1974-01-01

195

Personal Healthcare Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter gives an overview on state-of-the-art devices for personal healthcare. Due to the expected large impact on health economy and on the biomedical engineering device industry, a discussion of the ongoing demographic changes that will presumably push the future development of personal healthcare devices is included. Finally, some trends in ongoing research and suggestions for open problems are presented.

Steffen Leonhardt

196

The Technological Personality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If technology is the single most important factor in explaining the organization of modern societies, it is likewise the key to understanding the modern personality. The technological personality is the psychological counterpart to the technological society.Technology indirectly destroys the basis of a common morality and so leaves human…

Stivers, Richard

2004-01-01

197

Personality Correlates of Homophobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between homophobia and several personality traits (empathy, religiosity, and coping style) in the context of respondents' gender and age. The sample consisted of 714 college students who responded to the Homophobia Attitude Scale (HAS) and personality trait scales. Results revealed that women endorsed fewer homophobic attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors than men and that age was

Mark E. Johnson; Christiane Brems; Pat Alford-Keating

1997-01-01

198

Animal personality and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Animal models are used to study the physiological mechanisms underlying disease progres- sion. In this paper, I examine the benefits of using animal models to study how personality or stable individual differences (in behavior and physiology) influence disease susceptibil- ity and resilience. Such an expansion of animal model use, to study the relationships among personality, physiology, and health, provides

Sonia A. Cavigelli

2005-01-01

199

EPICS personal computer evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This document is an evaluation of five personal computers to be used as intelligent terminals on the beamline control system (EPICS). It is not intended to be a general comment on the computers themselves. Rather, it is an evaluation of these computers for a specific need. Nevertheless, this document should be useful for those considering the acquisition of a personal computer.

Kramper, B.; MacKinnon, B.

1984-02-01

200

Learning Gets Personal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At education conferences, as well as in professional association reports, as a target area of funding for nonprofit foundations and in the literature of industry vendors, the term, "personalized learning" has taken center stage in an arena already crowded with complex and long-standing issues and concerns. While personalized learning is making…

McLester, Susan

2011-01-01

201

Forming impressions of personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a series of investigations, students were asked to form impressions and write brief characterizations of the person to whom a short list of trait adjectives applied. To facilitate evaluation, some groups of judges also rated the hypothetical person on a list of bipolar traits. It appears that traits may be central or peripheral, according to their fit in the

S. E. Asch

1946-01-01

202

Thinking about persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extended a previous exploration of impression formation conducted by the 1st author (1946) by having male and female college students read brief descriptions of a person, in the form of 2 disposition terms. Some of the paired attributes were chosen to be congruent; other pairs were discordant or apparently antagonistic. The task was to describe the person briefly and to

Solomon E. Asch; Henri Zukier

1984-01-01

203

Genes, Evolution, and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is abundant evidence, some of it reviewed in this paper, that personality traits are substantially influenced by the genes. Much remains to be understood about how and why this is the case. We argue that placing the behavior genetics of personality in the context of epidemiology, evolutionary psychology, and neighboring psychological domains such as interests and attitudes should help

Thomas J. Bouchard; John C. Loehlin

2001-01-01

204

Personal computer brand loyalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Markov model shows the degree of brand loyalty to Apple, Compaq, IBM, and Wyse personal computers by large corporate customers of Businessland, a large reseller of personal computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Because Businessland temporarily lost its franchise to carry Compaq for half a year in the middle of our sample, the model captures the effect

Tyrone W. Jackson; Jeffrey M Perloff

1996-01-01

205

DESIGN OF BELL ALARM METER FOR PERSONAL MONITOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This meter is designed for personal protection at highlevel gamma or x-; ray field, such as nuclear reactors in an emergency. Therefore, the maximum dose ; setting is 2.4 roentgens. A second model is designed for personal protection in ; general isotope treatment. The electronic circuit is the same one as used in ; the higher-level dose model, except for

K. Minami; T. Oshima

1961-01-01

206

Borderline Personality and Criminality  

PubMed Central

Borderline personality disorder is characteristically associated with a broad variety of psychiatric symptoms and aberrant behaviors. In this edition of The Interface, we discuss the infrequently examined association between borderline personality disorder and criminality. According to our review of the literature, in comparison with the rates of borderline personality disorder encountered in the general population, borderline personality disorder is over-represented in most studies of inmates. At the same time, there is considerable variation in the reported rates of this Axis II disorder in prison populations, which may be attributed to the methodologies of and populations in the various studies. Overall, female criminals appear to exhibit higher rates of borderline personality disorder, and it is oftentimes associated with a history of childhood sexual abuse, perpetration of impulsive and violent crimes, comorbid antisocial traits, and incarceration for domestic violence.

Sansone, Lori A.

2009-01-01

207

The Future of Community and Personal Identity in the Coming Electronic Culture. A Report of the Annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on Information Technology (3rd, Aspen, Colorado, August 18-21, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1994 Aspen Institute Roundtable on Information Technology began as a look at the changing nature of the home. In building scenarios of the "new home," the participants expressed many significant insights into issues of personal identity, community-building, and setting boundaries in our lives and environments. This report captures many of…

Bollier, David

208

Genetics of Personality Disorders: Perspectives From Personality and Psychopathology Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the field is young, studies pertinent to genetic hypotheses have accumulated for several personality disorders. Genetic links to personality disorders from the domains of normal personality and Axis I disorders are reviewed. Evidence of a link to schizophrenia is clearest for schizotypal and less conclusive for paranoid and schizoid personality disorders. A genetic association between borderline personality disorder and

Joel T. Nigg; H. Hill Goldsmith

1994-01-01

209

Personality and oral health  

PubMed Central

We investigated age-26 personality characteristics and age-32 oral health in a prospective study of a complete birth cohort born in Dunedin, New Zealand. Personality was measured using the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ). Oral health was measured using the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), a global measure, and dental examinations. Personality profiles were constructed for 916 individuals (50.8% men) using standardized MPQ scores, and multivariate analyses examined their association with oral health. Those reporting 1+ OHIP-14 impacts had higher Negative Emotionality scores (and lower Constraint and Positive Emotionality MPQ superfactor scores) than those who did not. After controlling for gender, clinical status, and the other two MPQ superfactors, those scoring higher on Negative Emotionality had a greater risk of reporting 1+ OHIP-14 impacts, as well as 3+ OHIP-14 impacts and worse-than-average oral health. They also had a greater risk of having lost at least one tooth from caries and of having 3+ decayed surfaces. Personality characteristics appear to shape self-reports of oral health. Personality is also a risk factor for clinical disease status, at least with respect to dental caries and its sequelae. Because the attitudes and values tapped into by personality tests can be altered by brief cognitive interventions, those might be useful in preventive dentistry.

Thomson, W. Murray; Caspi, Avshalom; Poulton, Richie; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Broadbent, Jonathan M.

2013-01-01

210

An improved personal CA for personal area networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A personal certification authority (CA) for personal area networks (PANs) was presented in (C. Gehrmann, et al., (2002)). In this paper, we propose an improved version of the Personal CA which is more robust and secure than the original system.

Robert Huijie Deng; Feng Bao

2003-01-01

211

[Narcissistic personality disorder].  

PubMed

Narcissism is a multifaceted term which encompasses traits of normal personality as well as a specific personality disorder. While much research has been concerned with narcissism as a trait there are only few empirical studies available on narcissistic personality disorder (NPS). The current diagnostic of NPS according to DSM-IV-TR focuses on grandiose type narcissism whereas vulnerable narcissism, which has been described by clinicians and researchers has not yet been recognised. Psychotherapy of narcissistic patients through different psychotherapeutic schools focuses mainly on processes in the therapeutic relationship, the analysis and change of grandiose and vulnerable schemas, emotion regulation techniques and correction of narcissistic behavior in favor of prosocial interactions. PMID:23636574

Lammers, C-H; Vater, A; Roepke, S

2013-07-01

212

Early Experiences with Personal Health Records  

PubMed Central

Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical Foundation, PatientSite at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Indivo at Children’s Hospital Boston. We describe our implementation challenges from 1999 to 2007 and postulate the evolving challenges we will face over the next five years.

Halamka, John D.; Mandl, Kenneth D.; Tang, Paul C.

2008-01-01

213

Borderline personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... which a person has long-term patterns of unstable or turbulent emotions. These inner experiences often result ... suddenly shifting feelings often lead to intense and unstable relationships. Other symptoms of BPD include: Intense fear ...

214

Administración y personal  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionCapítulo Administración y personal 2 ... (b) contacto de las manos con ALIMENTOS LISTOS PARA SU CONSUMO; Pf (c) lavado de manos; Pf y ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/guidanceregulation

215

Putting Personalizing into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The personalizing of the Language Arts instructional program at the Concord High School in Wilmington, Delaware is discussed in terms of a) department organization, b) classroom organization, c) instructional materials, and d) special considerations related to individualizing instruction. (HMD)

Galloway, Mary Anne

1974-01-01

216

Person Given Name  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Specifications. Person Given Name is represented by variable length alphanumeric text consisting of a maximum of fifteen (15) characters. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/formssubmissionrequirements

217

Personalizing communication instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Keller Plan or Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) is well suited to the needs of teachers and students in communication courses. The authors discuss the theoretical base of PSI, its goals, and its implementation in Speech Communication classrooms.

Michael D. Scott; Thomas J. Young

1976-01-01

218

Personality and Selective Attention.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Interest in the relationship between cognitions and behavior has drawn personality researchers and clinical psychologists to incorporate models of information processing into their own paradigms. In this study, the effect of presenting emotionally salient...

S. L. Nielsen I. G. Sarason

1980-01-01

219

Paranoid personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... have a full-blown psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia . ... Cause of paranoid personality disorder is unknown. The disorder ... be involved. Environmental factors may play a role as well. The ...

220

Histrionic personality disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... overly dramatic and emotional Being overly sensitive to criticism or disapproval Believing that relationships are more intimate ... with frustration. A person with this disorder craves new things and excitement, which leads to risky situations. ...

221

Putting Personalizing into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The personalizing of the Language Arts instructional program at the Concord High School in Wilmington, Delaware is discussed in terms of a) department organization, b) classroom organization, c) instructional materials, and d) special considerations related to individualizing instruction. (HMD)|

Galloway, Mary Anne

1974-01-01

222

Personalizing Secondary Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To facilitate "personalizing" and individualizing secondary school curriculum, the author presents eight conceptual aspects of individualization and discusses the relationship of these concepts to program design and implementation of an individual learning program. (HMD)|

Bailey, William J.

1974-01-01

223

Personal Care Attendant  

MedlinePLUS

... your local Independent Living Center, State Department of Rehabilitation Services or, for veterans, the Department of Veteran’s Affairs. In some cases, private insurance may pay for “skilled nursing care,” which may provide some aspects of personal ...

224

The Personal Health Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Personal Health Survey (PHS) is a 200-item inventory designed to sample symptomatology as subjective experiences from the 12 principal domains of organ system and psychophysiological functioning. This study investigates the factorial validity of the empirically constructed scales. (Author)|

Thorne, Frederick C.

1978-01-01

225

Borderline Personality Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... such as depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and eating disorders, along with self-harm, suicidal behaviors, and completed ... disorders such as major depression, anxiety disorders, or eating disorders. In men, borderline personality disorder is more likely ...

226

Personal Web Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As almost every user will admit, personal Webpages are often far from the Internet's strong point. Uninspired, incomprehensible, and sometimes almost unreadable, many personal pages seem more a waste of bandwidth than anything else. This site, an About.com guide created and maintained by Linda Roeder, offers hope and help in the form of a number of articles and numerous related resources to help users design and create their own personal Webpages. Beginners should start with the Creating a Web Site Tutorial, while others will benefit from the archive of weekly articles, tips of the day, design tools, and product reviews. In addition to covering the process of creating and maintaining a personal Website, the guide addresses topics such as online diaries, Webcams, statistics-keeping, and Webrings.

227

Improving Personal Selling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good personal selling results from a carefully planned program consisting of three basic elements: selecting people who are suitable for particular sales positions, providing training, and devising an appropriate plan for compensation. (LBH)

Rosenbloom, Bert

1977-01-01

228

Personalized facial attractiveness prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to learning the personal pref- erences of individual users directly from example images. The target application is computer assisted search of part- ners in online dating services. The proposed approach is based on the use of \\

Jacob Whitehill; Javier R. Movellan

2008-01-01

229

Personalized Calendar Assistant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many calendar tools have become available to organize, display, and track a user's commitments. However, most people still spend a considerable amount of time personally organizing meetings and managing the constant changes and adjustments that must be ma...

K. Myers K. Nitz M. Gervasio P. M. Berry T. E. Uribe

2004-01-01

230

Personality and Temperament  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The assessment of personality and temperament in the context of eating disorders (EDs) poses unique challenges because of\\u000a the physiological symptoms and sequelae of these illnesses. Four models of the relationship between personality and EDs are\\u000a presented, along with a discussion of the different methodological designs which can evaluate these models. Current data support\\u000a the likelihood that neuroticism and perfectionism

Lisa Rachelle Riso Lilenfeld; Riso Lilenfeld

231

Personalized Medicine for Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized medicine is a model of the way medicine will evolve through the use of specific treatments and therapies best\\u000a suited to an individual's genotype and is driven by patient demand for safer and more effective medicines and therapies. This\\u000a chapter focuses on the role of personalized medicine in cancer and explores its use in current clinical practice, its likely

Sarah J. Welsh; Garth Powis

232

Offline Personal Credentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal documents and certificates that are not transferable between individuals are common and essential means in every day life, e.g., driver's licenses, insurance certificates, etc. At the same time, per- sonal documents are privacy critical as they tend to fully identify their owners, e.g., photo, address, etc. We are interested in personal offline credentials, i.e., secure, non-transferable and privacy oriented

Gerrit Bleumer

233

Personality in frozen shoulder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fleming, A., Dodman, S., Beer, T. C., and Crown, S. (1976).Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 35, 456-457. Personality in frozen shoulder. Fifty-six patients with frozen shoulder have had their personality profiles investigated by means of the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire. Females showed significantly increased somatic anxiety compared with controls. It is suggested that this may be important both to aetiology and

A. Fleming; Sally Dodman; T. C. Beer; S. Crown

1976-01-01

234

Neuroimaging and personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the past several years, neuroimaging research on personality disorders has begun to develop. Personality disorders\\u000a can be thought of as trait-like dysfunctional patterns in cognitive, affective, impulse control, and interpersonal domains.\\u000a These domains of dysfunction have been linked to specific neural circuits. Developments in brain imaging techniques have allowed\\u000a researchers to examine the neural integrity of these circuits in

Michael S. McCloskey; K. Luan Phan; Emil F. Coccaro

2005-01-01

235

Willpower and Personal Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Paper studies the internal commitment mechanisms or ‘personal rules’ (diets, exercise regimens, resolutions, moral or religious precepts, etc.) through which people seek to achieve self-control. Our theory is based on the idea of self-reputation over one’s willpower, which potentially transforms lapses in a personal rule into precedents that undermine future self-restraint. The foundation for such effects, in turn, is

Roland Bénabou; Jean Tirole

2002-01-01

236

Cardiac Signatures of Personality  

PubMed Central

Background There are well-established relations between personality and the heart, as evidenced by associations between negative emotions on the one hand, and coronary heart disease or chronic heart failure on the other. However, there are substantial gaps in our knowledge about relations between the heart and personality in healthy individuals. Here, we investigated whether amplitude patterns of the electrocardiogram (ECG) correlate with neurotisicm, extraversion, agreeableness, warmth, positive emotion, and tender-mindedness as measured with the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality inventory. Specifically, we investigated (a) whether a cardiac amplitude measure that was previously reported to be related to flattened affectivity (referred to as values) would explain variance of NEO scores, and (b) whether correlations can be found between NEO scores and amplitudes of the ECG. Methodology/Principal Findings NEO scores and rest ECGs were obtained from 425 healthy individuals. Neuroticism and positive emotion significantly differed between individuals with high and low values. In addition, stepwise cross-validated regressions indicated correlations between ECG amplitudes and (a) agreeableness, as well as (b) positive emotion. Conclusions/Significance These results are the first to demonstrate that ECG amplitude patterns provide information about the personality of an individual as measured with NEO personality scales and facets. These findings open new perspectives for a more efficient personality assessment using cardiac measures, as well as for more efficient risk-stratification and pre-clinical diagnosis of individuals at risk for cardiac, affective and psychosomatic disorders.

Koelsch, Stefan; Enge, Juliane; Jentschke, Sebastian

2012-01-01

237

Personality and Development in Childhood: A Person-Centered Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied a person-centered approach to childhood personality development in 28 diverse samples of 3- to 6-year-olds studied over 6 years. Identified resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled personality types. Found that the undercontrolled personality type related to intellectual decline over 6 years. The number of family risks predicted…

Hart, Daniel; Atkins, Robert; Fegley, Suzanne

2003-01-01

238

Syntax of Emotional Narratives of Persons Diagnosed with Antisocial Personality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to show some specificity of syntax of narratives created by persons diagnosed with antisocial personality. The author attempted to verify and supplement information that persons with antisocial personality have an incapacity for emotional language. Scores of 60 prisoners with high antisocial tendencies, 40 prisoners with…

Gawda, Barbara

2010-01-01

239

Personality assessments compared with personality inferred from occupational choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared personality characteristics of 736 male and female students in 4 different institutions as assessed by Omnibus Personality Inventory scores to the inferred personality of the freshman classes at these institutions in Astin's Who Goes Where to College. Sufficient contradiction existed to justify caution in the use of Astin's personality inferences by precollege counselors, although Astin's methodology and his environmental

Charles F. Elton; Harriett A. Rose

1969-01-01

240

The personal CA - PKI for a Personal Area Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initialising and managing security parameters for personal mobile devices within a Personal Area Network (PAN) presents a variety of security problems. In this paper we c onsider one possible paradigm for mobile device security management, namely the use of a 'personal CA' to p rovide certificates within a PAN. The security requirements for such a personal CA are analysed, and

Christian Gehrmann; Kaisa Nyberg; Chris J. Mitchell; Royal Holloway

2002-01-01

241

Personality correlates of social axioms: Are beliefs nested within personality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many personality researchers have considered personality to be an integrated constellation of attitudes, values, feelings, beliefs about the self and behaviors, and most of the comprehensive personality measures reflect such a multifaceted conceptualization by including a mixture of items assessing these components. The present study examined the relationship between personality and beliefs about the world by using culturally derived yet

Sylvia Xiaohua Chen; Michael Harris Bond; Fanny M. Cheung

2006-01-01

242

Longitudinal studies of personality disorders: four lessons from personality psychology.  

PubMed

The three longitudinal projects described in this special section of the Journal of Personality Disorders raise a number of intriguing questions concerning the natural history of personality disorders and offer more than their share of surprises. In addition, they underscore several valuable lessons derived from the literature on normal-range personality traits. Drawing in part from the writings of the American trait psychologist Gordon Allport, I describe four such lessons: (1) change and continuity of personality traits and disorders can and do coexist, (2) the covariation among personality traits helps to account for the "comorbidity" among personality disorders, (3) personality traits and disorders influence how individuals interpret life events, and (4) personality traits must be distinguished from behavioral adaptations to these traits. These lessons remind us that the science of personality disorders must be informed by the basic science of personality. PMID:16274283

Lilienfeld, Scott O

2005-10-01

243

Adapting recommender systems to the requirements of personal health record systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the future many people in industrialized countries will manage their personal health data electronically in centralized, reliable and trusted repositories - so-called personal health record systems (PHR). At this stage PHR systems still fail to satisfy the individual medical information needs of their users. Personalized recommendations could solve this problem. A first approach of integrating recommender system (RS) methodology

Martin Wiesner; Daniel Pfeifer

2010-01-01

244

Personalized multimedia information spaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an integrated view of personalized information spaces. The topics that are described cover different dimensions of describing, customizing, reusing and presenting multimedia content. In order to have personalized multimedia content the systems should provide the ability to access it when and where it is necessary, in a way that is appropriate for each specific user. The paper describes several multimedia information processing and visualization systems that explore these concepts. More specifically, the applications and systems include annotation tools for describing and enhancing multimedia content, personalization and customization techniques, and tools for anytime, anywhere access to multimedia information. The examples of information access are an augmented reality system and applications for mobile devices, representing two of the dominant and convergent trends in ubiquitous computing.

Correia, Nuno M.

2002-07-01

245

[The personality of psychotherapists] .  

PubMed

The profession of the psychotherapist is very demanding and his or her personality, constituting one of the effective factors of the treatment, affects the entire psychotherapeutic process. The psychotherapist's desired personality traits include inner stability and high degree of self-knowledge leading to an understanding and accepting of his or her own self. The other useful personality traits--the therapist's openness for the patient as well as his or her unconditional acceptance, empathy and authenticity--create an optimal and safe therapeutical setting enabling the patient to communicate freely and sincerely. All these traits must be expressed simultaneously, otherwise they could be destructive. They are underscored by the therapist's ethical conduct towards the patient. Ignoring these moral principals anulls any positive influence of the above traits. The conclusion makes mention of Kant's categorical imperative. PMID:11048492

Vym?tal, J

2000-01-01

246

Personality correlates of structural holes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use survey network and personality profile data to explore the idea that personality varies systematically with structural holes. We draw two conclusions from the analysis: (1) Personality does vary with structural holes. The association is concentrated in a few items, but those few personality items describe three-fourths of the variance in network constraint. (2) The association is consistent with

Ronald S. Burt; Joseph E. Jannotta; James T. Mahoney

1998-01-01

247

Games as personality profiling tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate whether a personality profile can be determined by observing a player's behavior in a game. Five personality traits are used to define a personality profile. They are adopted from the Five Factor Model of personality. The five traits are measured by the NEO-PI-R questionnaire. For our purpose, we developed a game module for the game

Giel van Lankveld; Pieter Spronck; Jaap van den Herik; Arnoud Arntz

2011-01-01

248

Brand Personality Creation through Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brand Personality is one of the core dimensions of brand equity. Brand personality refers to the emotional side of a brand image. It is created by all experiences of consumers with a brand, but advertising plays a dominant role in personality creation. In this paper we explore the mechanism that builds brand personality with the help of advertising. We integrate

Hans Ouwersloot; Anamaria Tudorica

2001-01-01

249

Analog at milepost 2000: a personal perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronics has barely just begun to exploit the endless opportunities for analog techniques. Rather than rendering them obsolete, the recent explosion in digital communications systems has only increased the demand for both fully analog and mixed-signal integrated-circuit (IC) products. This paper is an unashamedly personal and bipolar-centric review of a few selected aspects of the contemporary landscape and offers several

BARRIE GILBERT

2001-01-01

250

A Survey on Mix Networks and Their Secure Applications These networks are designed to use multiple-stage cryptography and permutation to protect communicated information such as medical records, personal opinions and electronic voting results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anonymity is a subdiscipline of information hiding, required in a number of applications, such as in electronic voting. For network communications, anonymity can be provided by a mix network (mixnet). A mixnet is a multistage system that uses cryptography and permutations to provide anonymity. The basic idea of a mixnet has evolved into a number of different classes. In addition

Krishna Sampigethaya; Radha Poovendran

251

Graffiti and adolescent personality.  

PubMed

Graffiti has been studied for many years from many viewpoints. They have been used to explain accounts of people, styles of life, and assumed relationships. The present paper reports an attempt to analyze graffiti as outward manifestations of adolescent personality. Results suggested that different forms of graffiti could be interpreted from five characterizations of early adolescent personality: sexual maturity, self-identity, idealism, iconoclasm, and rebelliousness. Significant differences were found between boys and girls in numbers of inscriptions for each category. Further, the graffiti were analyzed in relation to early adolescent stages of development. PMID:868627

Peretti, P O; Carter, R; McClinton, B

1977-01-01

252

Stiff person syndrome.  

PubMed

Recognizing stiff person syndrome is clinically important. It is uncommon, characterized by body stiffness associated with painful muscle spasms, and varies in location and severity. It is subdivided into stiff trunk versus stiff limb presentation, and as a progressive encephalomyelitis. Stiff person-type syndrome also reflects a paraneoplastic picture. Most patients demonstrate exaggerated lumbar lordosis. Roughly 60% of patients have antiglutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies in the blood and the cerebrospinal fluid. The differential diagnosis includes many severe conditions. There are reports of response to muscle relaxants, immunosuppressants, intravenous gamma globulin, plasma exchange, a number of anticonvulsants, and botulinum toxin. PMID:23186907

Ciccoto, Giuseppe; Blaya, Maike; Kelley, Roger E

2013-02-01

253

State Personal Income Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

254

Persons, Places, and Personality: Career Assessment Using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The NEO Personality Inventory measures 30 traits in a 5-factor personality model. The instrument can supplement vocational interest measures with information about adjustment and motivation. The NEO Job Profiler identifies personality requirements of different occupations. The two tools help locate an optimal match between person and occupation.…

Costa, Paul T., Jr.; And Others

1995-01-01

255

Typeness of personality profiles: a continuous person-centred approach to personality data  

Microsoft Academic Search

I propose a new method of analysing personality profiles based on multiple traits. Personality profiles are regressed within individuals on prototypic profiles for personality types. To increase reliability, empirical Bayes estimates as obtained from hierarchical linear modelling (HLM) are used. The regression coefficients are interpreted as typeness, the extent to which the individual personality profile deviates from the mean profile

Jens B. Asendorpf

2006-01-01

256

Improving Children's Person Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accuracy of children's person identification on a recall task was compared to their accuracy on specially developed feature lineup tasks. In two experiments, children participated in a play session with a stranger and subsequently were interviewed about the stranger's appearance. Each child was first asked to recall appearance features (e.g., height, age, skin color) and then was asked to

Beth M. Schwartz-Kenney; Bette L. Bottoms; Gail S. Goodman

1996-01-01

257

Willpower and Personal Rules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We develop a theory of internal commitments or "personal rules" based on self-reputation over one's willpower, which transforms lapses into precedents that undermine future self-restraint. The foundation for this mechanism is the imperfect recall of past motives and feelings, leading people to draw inferences from their past actions. The degree…

Benabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01

258

Teaching Personal Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using popular literature and the results of a survey of 476 undergraduates enrolled at two CCCU schools, I propose that the personal financial education of Christian college students is lacking. While students have a good understanding of the Scriptural basis of money, their knowledge is not realized in practice. Christian colleges and universities can address this deficiency by requiring all

Brett K. Andrews

2000-01-01

259

Modeling Behavior with Personalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decoupling behavior modeling from a specific inheritance hierarchy has become one of the challenges for object- oriented software engineering. The goal is to encapsulate behavior on its own, and yet be able to freely apply it to a given class structure. We claim that standard object- oriented languages do not directly address this problem and propose the concept of Personalities

Luis Blando; Karl Lieberherr; Mira Mezini

260

Personality, Mythology and Religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contrasts Judaism and Hellenism with regard to two opposing personality types: the “participant” and the “separant.” “Participant” means the identification of the ego with people, objects or symbols outside the self, and the desire to have one's separate identity in fusion with these externals. “Separation” implies the opposite. Hellinism is identified with the separate Sisyphean culture, and Judaism

Shlomo Giora Shoham

1997-01-01

261

Personal Dynamic Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Learning Research Group at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center is concerned with all aspects of the communication and manipulation of knowledge. We design, build, and use dynamic media which can be used by human beings of all ages. Several years ago, we crystallized our dreams into a design idea for a personal dynamic medium the size of a notebook

A. Kay; A. Goldberg

1977-01-01

262

Stiff Person Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stiff person syndrome (SPS), stiff limb syndrome, jerking SPS and progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM) are a family of rare, insidiously progressive diseases of the central nervous system. They all share the core clinical features of appendicular and axial rigidity caused by continuous involuntary motor unit activity, and superimposed stimulus-sensitive spasms. There is good evidence for a primary

Martin E. Duddy; Mark R. Baker

2009-01-01

263

Packet Personal Radiation Monitor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a...

J. E. Phelps

1988-01-01

264

Personalizing Your Latin Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and implementation of the Latin curriculum at the National Cathedral School for girls (Washington, D.C.) stressing its usefulness as a means for improving verbal skills and its relevance to subsequent foreign language learning. Also describes other methods devised to personalize instruction, and instructional materials…

Chamberlain, Judith C.

1981-01-01

265

Sociophysics: a personal testimony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The origins of Sociophysics are discussed from a personal testimony. I trace back its history to the late 1970s. My 20 years of activities and research to establish and promote the field are reviewed. In particular, the conflicting nature of Sociophysics with the physics community is revealed from my own experience. Recent presentations of a supposed natural growth from Social Sciences are criticized.

Galam, Serge

2004-05-01

266

Personal Liberty and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains articles addressing the topic of personal liberty and its relationship to education. Some of these are reprinted from publications issued by members of the Alliance of Associations for the Advancement of Education or cooperating associations; others were written expressly for this volume. A commentary by Nat Hentoff is…

Cohen, Monroe D., Ed.

267

The Personal Touch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of personal student success stories as an advocacy tool provides a sense of reality for those of influence. In the case of community colleges, sharing stories of students overcoming adverse circumstances provides context to those who have never experienced community colleges or students' lives, including the depth and breadth of life…

Risley, Rod

2013-01-01

268

Willpower and Personal Rules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We develop a theory of internal commitments or "personal rules" based on self-reputation over one's willpower, which transforms lapses into precedents that undermine future self-restraint. The foundation for this mechanism is the imperfect recall of past motives and feelings, leading people to draw inferences from their past actions. The degree of…

Benabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01

269

Personal, Seasonal Suns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an art project designed for upper-elementary students to (1) imagine visual differences in the sun's appearance during the four seasons; (2) develop ideas for visually translating their personal experiences regarding the seasons to their sun drawings; (3) create four distinctive seasonal suns using colors and imagery to…

Sutley, Jane

2010-01-01

270

Personal Protective Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To have an effective safety program one manager must be responsible for its coordination First-line supervisors must be convinced of the hazard and must be held accountable for their employees use of personal protective equipment A safety program for new ...

1998-01-01

271

[Borderline personality disorder].  

PubMed

Characteristics of a borderline personality disorder include emotional instability and a self-threatening lack of impulsive control. As a result, interpersonal relationships are rendered difficult. The central elements of treatment are psychoeducation, self-management, improved stress tolerance and awareness, emotion managment and training in social competence. PMID:16566104

Sipos, V; Schweiger, U

2006-02-23

272

Romania: A Personal Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a personal account of a British tutor's experiences with children at a state-run orphanage in Rumania, focusing on emotional reactions of the tutor and the children. Describes a cooperative project to provide the children with materials for play and learning activities, and discusses changes in orphanage practices after the project. (AC)

Boner, E.

1992-01-01

273

Personal Integration Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Personal Integration Inventory is a "survey" that can be used to look at the life of a single developmentally disabled individual and the extent to which s/he is becoming integrated into his/her community. It focuses on the day-to-day experiences and interactions of people who live in community settings and should be completed by someone who…

Bersani, Hank A., Jr.; Salon, Rebecca

274

Shaping a Personal Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students design and organize personal space by completing necessary plans and elevations, perspective, and detail drawings of a given or proposed space while using imagination to tie it to career and life goals. Each unit during the year is designed to improve basic drafting and learning skills. Basic drafting techniques require the proper use of tools and symbolic knowledge, including geometry.

Evans, Robert F.

2007-03-28

275

First Person Shooter Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

D game development is an exciting activity for many students. But getting a handle on 3D game development for novices may be a daunting task. We take this opportunity to present a quick introduction to 3D game development through a few tutorials. For the next few columns a set of tutorials for a 3D first person shooter game developed by

Rex Cason II; Erik Larson II; Jonathan Robertson; Jonathan Frisch; George Trice III; Lakshmi Prayaga

2009-01-01

276

First Person Shooter Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

D game development is an exciting activity for many students. But getting a handle on 3D game development for novices may be a daunting task. We take this opportunity to present a quick introduction to 3D game development through a few tutorials. For the next few columns a set of tutorials for a 3D first person shooter game developed by

Rex Cason II; Erik Larson; Jonathan Robertson; Jonathan Frisch; George Trice III; Lakshmi Prayaga

2008-01-01

277

A Personal Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The manager of a London youth center presents a personal perspective on some of the difficulties that exist for young people in today's society, particularly those faced by young Black males. Following the sudden death of his mother and teenage years dominated by the values of the street, he took control of his life by seeking knowledge and…

Parker, Lee

278

Personalizing the School Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Distressed at student disregard of clearly communicated rules and regulations, a Huntington Beach (California) high school principal realized the delivery system was not personalized enough. Having administrators visit each English class to explain reasons behind the rules improved the situation. Also, a new block schedule improved…

Shore, Rebecca

1998-01-01

279

Personalization by Partial Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper is to model personalization by the programmatic notion ofpartial evaluation. Partial evaluation is a technique used to automatically specialize programs,given incomplete information about their input. The methodology presented here models a collectionof information resources as a program (which abstracts the underlying schema of organizationand flow of information), partially evaluates the program with respect to user input, and recreatesa

Naren Ramakrishnan; Mary Beth Rosson

280

Securing personal area networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the applicability of ID-based cryptography to providing security within a personal area network (PAN). An initialisation process appropriate for use within a PAN is proposed, and a detailed comparison between the ID-based approach and a more conventional PKI (public key infrastructure) approach is given.

Theodoulos Garefalakis; Chris J. Mitchell

2002-01-01

281

Servicing Personal Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The rapid proliferation of personal computers on many campuses has raised a number of questions as to how best to support them. An approach based upon network service machines is discussed. These services include mail, printing, plotting, batch execution, file storage, etc. (Author/MLW)|

Heterick, Robert C.; Khanna, Raman

1985-01-01

282

Addiction, Personality and Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that addictive behaviour, so called, fits into a psychological resource model. In other words, the habits in question are acquired because they serve a useful function for the individual, and the nature of the functions they fulfil is related to the personality profile of the 'addict'. For some people this resource function develops into a form of

H. J. EYSENCK

1997-01-01

283

Personal Experiences of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents four stories of personal experiences of China. In "A Journey Between China's Past and Present," Peter Hessler, a former Peace Corps volunteer and author, highlights misconceptions between Chinese and Americans and the desire both peoples share for knowledge about one another. In "Life on Liberation Avenue," Ryan Bradeen…

Hessler, Peter; Bradeen, Ryan; Wang, Richard; Masalski, Kathleen Woods

2010-01-01

284

Personal Liberty and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains articles addressing the topic of personal liberty and its relationship to education. Some of these are reprinted from publications issued by members of the Alliance of Associations for the Advancement of Education or cooperating associations; others were written expressly for this volume. A commentary by Nat Hentoff is…

Cohen, Monroe D., Ed.

285

Taking Library Leadership Personally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper outlines the emerging trends for leadership in the knowledge era. It discusses these within the context of leading, creating and sustaining the performance development cultures that libraries require. The first step is to recognise that we all need to take leadership personally no matter whether we see ourselves as leaders or…

Davis, Heather; Macauley, Peter

2011-01-01

286

Personality and Simultaneous Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship of the limitation and outcome of simultaneous speech to those dimensions of personality indexes by Cattell's 16PF Questionnaire. More than 500 conversations of 24 female college students were computer-analyzed for instances of simultaneous speech, and the frequencies with which they…

Feldstein, Stanley; And Others

287

Proficiency in Personal Selling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a highly competitive and dynamic environment health care providers are turning to marketing techniques to compete. To date, the majority of marketing efforts in the health care industry have revolved around the use of promotional tools, mainly advertising, publicity and public relations. It is proposed here that personal selling is a neglected, but important, promotional tool for health care

Margaret L. Friedman

1990-01-01

288

UNDERSTANDING NORMATIVE PERSONALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organization theory has not demonstrated that it is able to adequately represent organizational complexity, especially in its inability to recognize and predict organizational conduct\\/misconduct. A promising approach comes from organizational culture theory, which is used in order to create a new model for normative personality that is seated in the strategic part of the organization. This takes the idea of

Maurice Yolles; Gerhard Fink; Daniel Dauber

2011-01-01

289

PSI: Personalized for Whom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Courses using a Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) have proliferated in the past decade. Researchers have explored various factors related to PSI, but rarely, if ever, have students' study habits or preferences been considered. A questionnaire examining the study habits, exam preferences and attitudes toward various instructional formats was…

Herrmann, Thom; Leppmann, Peter

290

Personal Traits and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The group peer rating technique is employed to develop highly reliable measures of 16 personality traits for 445 adult workers and 237 high school seniors. Several of these traits are found to have high predictive validity for pay differentials, supervisor's ratings, and school grades. Dimensions derived from multidimensional scaling of the traits explain between 19 and 43 percent of the

Richard C. Edwards

1977-01-01

291

Personal Hygiene Body Wipe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military doctrine requires a soldier to take a shower at least once every seven days to maintain certain health standards. The objective of the PHBW is to provide the soldier with a temporary means of maintaining personal hygiene and sanitation when water...

E. M. Powers M. J. Buller

1994-01-01

292

Personal Energy Audit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan from the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) asks students to conduct a personal energy audit through which they will calculate their individual and household costs of using energy. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2013-01-09

293

Personality and empathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revised rating scale consisting of 6 items or personality traits was given to measure empathic ability whereby scores were obtained for the accuracy with which the rater assumes the role of his subject. Data were obtained from 80 college students who became acquainted with each other in groups of 4 during 10-minute sessions. Those who were highest and lowest

Rosalind F. Dymond

1950-01-01

294

40 CFR 3.10 - What are the requirements for electronic reporting to EPA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for electronic reporting to EPA? 3.10 Section 3.10 Protection...ELECTRONIC REPORTING Electronic Reporting to EPA § 3.10 What are the requirements for electronic reporting to EPA? (a) A person may use an...

2013-07-01

295

Syntax of Emotional Narratives of Persons Diagnosed with Antisocial Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to show some specificity of syntax of narratives created by persons diagnosed with antisocial personality.\\u000a The author attempted to verify and supplement information that persons with antisocial personality have an incapacity for\\u000a emotional language. Scores of 60 prisoners with high antisocial tendencies, 40 prisoners with low antisocial tendencies, and\\u000a 100 men without the antisocial

Barbara Gawda

2010-01-01

296

Personality and Disinhibitory Psychopathology: Alcoholism and Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the relation between personality factors and two adult forms of disinhibitory psychopathology—alcohol abuse or dependence and antisocial personality disorder. First, we briefly review various methodological issues relevant to research in this area. Next, we review empirical findings relating three broad-band personality trait dimensions (neuroticism\\/emotionality, impulsivity\\/disinhibition, extraversion\\/sociability) to both alcohol abuse and dependence and antisocial personality disorder. Finally, theoretical

Kenneth J. Sher; Timothy J. Trull

1994-01-01

297

Temperament and personality.  

PubMed

Recent efforts to integrate psychometric and neurobiological data about personality have stimulated diverse interdisciplinary applications. The dissociation of major brain systems linked to procedural and propositional memory and learning has clarified the clinical distinction between two components of personality: temperament and character. Temperament can be defined in terms of individual differences in percept-based habits and skills (i.e. related to procedural memory and learning), which are regulated by the amygdala, hypothalamus, striatum, and other parts of the limbic system. In contrast, character can be defined in terms of individual differences in concept-based goals and values (i.e. related to propositional memory and learning), which are encoded by the hippocampal formation and cerebral neocortex. Recent descriptive, developmental, genetic, and neurobehavioral studies indicate that at least four dimensions of temperament and three dimensions of character can be uniquely described and functionally dissociated. PMID:8038587

Cloninger, C R

1994-04-01

298

Stress and personality.  

PubMed

Stress is an adaptation reaction of living organisms in response to internal or external threatsto homeostasis. It is considered as a complex defence mechanism representing the final endpoint of numerous dynamic and interconnected factors of biological, psychological and socialnature. Stress is not a simple, stimulus-response reaction, but the interaction between an individualand the environment, involving subjective perception and assessment of stressors, thus constitutinga highly personalized process. Specific inherited characteristics, early experience in life, andparticular, learned cognitive predispositions make individuals more or less susceptible to the effectsof stressors. Resilience and vulnerability to stressors as well as intensity of stress response are greatlydependable on age, gender, intelligence, and numerous characteristics of personality, such as hardiness,locus of control, self-efficacy, self-esteem, optimism, hostility (component of type A personality)and type D traits (negative affectivity and social inhibition). To understand the relation betweenpersonality and stress, it is essential to recognize the impact of individual differences in the followingfour aspects: (1) choice or avoidance of environments that are associated with specific stressors, challengesor benefits, (2) way of interpreting a stressful situation and evaluating one's own abilities andcapacities for proactive behaviour so as to confront or avoid it, (3) intensity of response to a stressor,and (4) coping strategies employed by the individual facing a stressful situation. Studies have recordedconsiderable consistency in coping strategies employed to confront stressful situations, independentlyof situational factors and in connection with permanent personality and temperamental traits,such as neuroticism, extraversion, sense of humour, persistence, fatalism, conscientiousness, andopenness to experience. Positive affect has been associated with positive reappraisal (reframing) ofstressful situations, goal-directed problem-focused coping, using spiritual or religious beliefs to seekcomfort, and infusion of meaning into the ordinary events of daily life in order to gain a psychologicaltime-out from distress. Characteristics of a resilient personality are: ability to cope in stressful situations,continuing engagement in activities, flexibility to unexpected changes in life, ability to seeksocial support, perceiving stress as a challenge - a chance for growth and development rather than athreat to life, taking care of one's body, living in harmony with nature, optimism and sense of humour,work and love, developing spiritualism and seeking true sense. The tolerance threshold is individual.However, even persons with mature and integrated personalities exposed to prolonged stress mayexperience failure of their adaptive capacities and psychological or somatic decompensation. Duringthe last years, Life Skills Education has become the focus of particular attention. Educational programsaim at developing the capacities for critical thinking, analyzing and problem-solving, buildingof self-confidence, confronting various negative pressures imposed by the environment, improvingself-assessment, developing communication and social adjustment skills, and gaining control overstressors and one's own affective and behavioral response. Finally, special programs for individualvulnerable population groups (teenagers, elderly persons, patients with AIDS, addictions, etc.) havebeen introduced so as to strengthen their ability to handle specific stressful situations. PMID:22271841

Lecic-Tosevski, D; Vukovic, O; Stepanovic, J

299

Personalizing situation awareness  

SciTech Connect

Emergency responders need access to information but what counts as actionable information depends on their role, task, location, and other variables. For example, experts who have unique knowledge and experience and are called on to serve as scientific and teclmical responders, require correspondingly unique situation awareness in order to do their work. In our research-in-progress we leverage emerging and evolving web and digital library technologies to create personalized situation awareness tools that address the needs of these scientific and technical responders in real time, through focused information collection, extraction, integration, representation, and dissemination. We describe three personalized situation awareness tools in this paper: the Theme Awareness Tool (THEMAT), Social Awareness Tool (SAT), and Expertise Awareness Tool (EXPAT). The concepts and technologies we are developing in collaboration with experts apply to those who use the Web, in general, and offer an approach to the general issue of HCI design for emergencies.

Collins, Linn Marks [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roman, Jorge R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mane, Ketan K [RENCI

2009-01-01

300

Complex personal dosimeter  

SciTech Connect

A complex personal dosimeter is disclosed including a gamma- and beta-ray dosimeter block and a neutron dosimeter block. These two blocks are enclosed in a badge case type package so that a person can secure the dosimeter on his clothing. The gamma- and beta-ray dosimeter block consists of four thermoluminescent elements in combination with plastic filters having different thickness. The neutron dosimeter block consists of four thermoluminescent elements in combination with cadmium and tin filters. This complex dosimeter can individually measure or estimate the radiation doses such as gamma-rays, beta-rays, thermal neutrons, epithermal neutrons and fast neutrons over a wide range of doses, and can also obtain information on the energy of the radiation.

Ishiguro, H.; Nomura, Y.; Takeda, S.; Yasuno, Y.

1984-08-14

301

Borderline personality subcategories.  

PubMed

A careful study of 106 patients, diagnosed as borderline using the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Edition, is in progress at a private psychiatric facility. Three distinct subcategories of the borderline personality disorder have been identified: history of no organicity, history of trauma, encephalitis, or epilepsy, and history of attentional deficit disorder/learning disabilities. A discriminant function analysis approach clearly distinguishes the three borderline subcategories from one another and from a schizophrenic control group. Borderline patients also show significant sex differences. The borderline personality disorder is viewed as either on a continuum with affective disorders and atypical psychoses, or with organic brain dysfunction including the episodic dyscontrol syndrome and/or adult minimal brain dysfunction. Future research should be directed toward further classifying homogeneous subgroups of borderline patients in order to provide more specific and effective treatment. PMID:7119767

Andrulonis, P A; Glueck, B C; Stroebel, C F; Vogel, N G

1982-11-01

302

Personalization of Structured Queries with Personal and Collaborative Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The underlying idea of personalized searches is that different people may find different things relevant; therefore, they may expect different answers to the same query. One of the primary ways to personalize a search is query personalization. This is the process of dynamically enhancing a query with related preferences stored in a user profile with the purpose of providing more

Georgia Koutrika

303

Personalization and choice behavior: the role of personality traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online merchants use personalization technologies to gain knowledge of an individual customer and then generate preference-matched web content for the customer. Among the various types of personalization technologies, this research focuses on personalization engines that generate preference-matched content based on a customer's prior transactions. Extant research in this area has focused on how to maximize knowledge mined from transaction logs

Shuk Ying Ho; Michael J. Davern; Kar Yan Tam

2008-01-01

304

Discovering Your Personality: A Group Exercise in Personal Sensemaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Personality affects a wide variety of issues in organizational behavior, human resource management, and strategic management. Instructors teaching personality often have students take personality tests and then give them their scores. This passive approach to giving test feedback suffers from several weaknesses dealing with distinct perceptual…

Anderson, Marc H.

2008-01-01

305

Borderline Personality Disorder From the Perspective of General Personality Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors extended previous work on the hypothesis that borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be understood as a maladaptive variant of personality traits included within the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality. In each of 3 samples, an empirically derived prototypic FFM borderline profile was correlated with individuals’ FFM profiles to yield a similarity score, an FFM borderline index. Results across

Timothy J. Trull; Thomas A. Widiger; Donald R. Lynam; Paul T. Costa

2003-01-01

306

Personal Epistemology and Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role that personal epistemology plays in intellectual development, learning, and education has been investigated for several\\u000a decades in the USA (see Hofer & Pintrich, 1997, 2002) and has recently been pursued in other cultural environments. Research\\u000a suggests that epistemological understanding has important implications for learning: for example, beliefs about the nature\\u000a of knowledge may influence strategy use, comprehension, cognitive

Barbara K. Hofer

307

Personalized Socially Assistive Robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The start of the 21st century, with its confluence of scientific and technological sophistication, presents a unique opportunity for robotics to positively impact human quality of life. Significant and growing societal needs include the lack of personalized one-on-one care for the growing populations of elderly individuals, children with developmental disorders, and those with special life-long cognitive and social needs. Developing

Maja J Mataric; Adriana Tapus; David Feil-Seifer

308

Stiff-person syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a progressive neurologic disorder characterized by 1) stiffness that is prominent in axial\\u000a muscles, with co-contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles; 2) sudden episodic spasms; and 3) absence of another disease\\u000a that causes similar symptoms. The diagnosis of SPS is based on clinical grounds and requires a high degree of suspicion. The\\u000a diagnosis is, however,

Olavo M. Vasconcelos; Marinos C. Dalakas

2003-01-01

309

Willpower and Personal Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Much of the literature on time inconsistency,has studied the external commitment,devices that individuals use to address their self-control problems: tying oneself to the mast, staying away from temptation, holding illiquid assets, or “asking for controls” from others. This paper, by contrast, focuses on internal commitment mechanisms or “personal rules” (diets, exercise regi- mens, resolutions, moral or religious precepts, etc.)

Roland Bénabou; Jean Tirole

2004-01-01

310

Personality and health habits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four hundred and fifty-five males and 523 females from a community sample participated in a study on the relationship between seven health practices (sleeping; breakfasting; snacking; being at good weight; smoking; alcohol consumption and physical activity) and seven personality factors (Neuroticism; Social Inadequacy; Rigidity; Hostility; Self-sufficiency; Dominance and Self-esteem).It was found that the seven health habits did not constitute a

A. J. J. M. Vingerhoets; M. Croon; A. J. Jeninga; L. J. Menges

1990-01-01

311

Personality Disorders and Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I\\u000a and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I disorders are clinical disorders such as depression,\\u000a anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Axis II disorders are personality disorders (PDs), defined as “pervasive, inflexible,\\u000a and enduring patterns of inner experiences and behavior that can

Susan L. Ettner

312

Antisocial Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter discusses the medical understanding of antisocial personality disorder (APSD), including research concerning\\u000a its etiology, prevalence, pathology, differential diagnosis, and treatment. ASPD, and the closely related diagnosis of psychopathy,\\u000a seem to be products of a strong genetic disposition interacting with a variety of environmental contributions. Epidemiological\\u000a studies indicate that ASPD and psychopathy are much more prevalent in men than

Karen J. Derefinko; Thomas A. Widiger

313

Roadmap to personalized medicine  

PubMed Central

Abstract Standard clinical protocols and the concept “one drug fits all” that are currently used to treat illness in many cases are not effective, and strikingly so in the treatment of cancer, where 75% of therapeutic schemes are ineffective. The concept of personalized medicine is that the treatment of the disease is designed on the basis of the individual needs of each patient and the factors that influence their response to different drugs. Individualization of patient care has the potential to generate novel effective therapies, limit the adverse drug effects, create optimal treatments for individual patients, and decrease the cost associated with chronic illness and complications of drug usage. However, to achieve the goals of personalized medicine many challenges must be addressed. Here we discuss possible ways to increase the consistency of data generated by basic research and their suitability for application in medicine. New technologies employing systems biology and computer based approaches will facilitate overcoming many of the scientific challenges in the field. Changes in the education of researchers, health professionals, and the public are also required to successfully implement personalized medicine as a routine in the clinic. Finally, shift of the focus away from the development of blockbuster drugs in the biopharmaceutical industry, and modifications in the legal system to accommodate novel advancements need to be considered. The joint effort of all interested parties is needed to generate an efficient roadmap that will take us rapidly and safely to effective individual treatment, which will eliminate diseases and create better health care for all.

Qattan, Malak; Demonacos, Constantinos; Krstic-Demonacos, Marija

2012-01-01

314

Personal health records: a scoping review  

PubMed Central

Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be linked to physician electronic medical record systems, so PHR adoption is dependent on growth in electronic medical record adoption. Many PHR systems are physician-oriented, and do not include patient-oriented functionalities. These must be provided to support self-management and disease prevention if improvements in health outcomes are to be expected. Differences in patient motivation to use PHRs exist, but an overall low adoption rate is to be expected, except for the disabled, chronically ill, or caregivers for the elderly. Finally, trials of PHR effectiveness and sustainability for patient self-management are needed.

Fevrier-Thomas, U; Lokker, C; McKibbon, K A; Straus, S E

2011-01-01

315

Subgroup Discovery among Personal Homepages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. This paper discusses our algorithm for finding subgroups among,personal homepages. Assuming that personal homepages,usually carry personal information, we have developed an algorithm that allows us to automatically find potential patterns from them. For example, when the algorithm is applied to personal homepages at some school, we can approximate the ratio between the number,of students interested in in- formation science

Toyohisa Nakada; Susumu Kunifuji

2003-01-01

316

Personality Trait Development in Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the middle part of the 20th century, a healthy dialogue existed between sociology and personality psychology. Leading scholars\\u000a in sociology actively discussed the relationship between social structure and personality (Neugarten, 1968; Parsons, 1942), and between organizations and personality (Inkeles & Levinson, 1963). In turn, many personality psychologists studied similar phenomena (e.g., Sanford, 1956; Sarbin, 1964). However, over the past

Brent W. Roberts; Richard W. Robins; Kali H. Trzesniewski; Avshalom Caspi

317

Electronic Cigarettes  

MedlinePLUS

... Products Electronic Cigarettes Text Size: A A A Electronic Cigarettes Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery operated products designed ... more about: The latest news and events about electronic cigarettes on this FDA page Electronic cigarette basics ...

318

Personality Development: Stability and Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract In this review, we evaluate four topics in the study of personality de- velopment where discernible progress has been made since 1995 (the last time the area of personality development was reviewed in this series). We (a) evaluate research about the structure of personality in childhood and in adulthood, with special atten- tion to possible developmental changes in

Avshalom Caspi; Brent W. Roberts; Rebecca L. Shiner

2005-01-01

319

Relationships between happiness and personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated relationships between measures of happiness and personality, using multiple regression and a range of personality measures. Three happiness measures, the Oxford Happiness Inventory, the Personal State Questionnaire (version 5), and the Life Orientation Test produced a multiple R of 0.381 with Psychoticism as the dependent variable. Multiple R values around 0.65 were obtained when the happiness measures

John Brebner; Janine Donaldson; Neil Kirby; Lynn Ward

1995-01-01

320

Catholic Universities and Juridic Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author maintains that a Catholic university does not need to be established as a separate juridic person to be subject to rights and obligations in canon law. The Church's law allows a group or persons or things to join together as a juridic person to be recognized by the Church to have rights and obligations in the Church.…

Sheridan, Sean

2011-01-01

321

Predicting personality with social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media is a place where users present themselves to the world, revealing personal details and insights into their lives. We are beginning to understand how some of this information can be utilized to improve the users' experiences with interfaces and with one another. In this paper, we are interested in the personality of users. Personality has been shown to

Jennifer Golbeck; Cristina Robles; Karen Turner

2011-01-01

322

Personal epistemologies, work and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper elaborates the role and development of personal epistemologies when learning through and for work. It does this by drawing on explanatory propositions from psychology, sociology and philosophical accounts. The aim here is to go beyond conceptions of epistemological beliefs and to position personal epistemologies as being active, intentional, derived in personally particular ways through the unique set of

Stephen Billett

2009-01-01

323

Mobile Music Personalization at Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although personalization is a widely used technology in e-commerce it has not yet gained the importance it should have in m- commerce. With the availability of mobile services operating on huge content sets (e.g. audio archives) the need for personalization rises. In this paper we present the current state of a music personalization system designed to improve a large mobile

Erich Gstrein; Brigitte Krenn

324

Visualizing Past Personal Data Disclosures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's rich service offer in the World Wide Web increasingly requires the disclosure of personal user data. Service providers' appetite for personal user data, however, is accompanied by growing privacy implications for Internet users. Addressing this rising threat, privacy-enhancing technologies aim at aiding users in protecting their personal data. Even though effective privacy laws facilitate users to edit and revoke

Jan Kolter; Michael Netter; Günther Pernul

2010-01-01

325

Catholic Universities and Juridic Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author maintains that a Catholic university does not need to be established as a separate juridic person to be subject to rights and obligations in canon law. The Church's law allows a group or persons or things to join together as a juridic person to be recognized by the Church to have rights and obligations in the Church.…

Sheridan, Sean

2011-01-01

326

Personality and psychopathology: Genetic perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic factors exert an important influence on adult personality traits, accounting for anywhere between 30% and 60% of the variance. Heredity is also important for most forms of psychopatholo gy and plays a major role in several theories that relate personality to psychopatholo gy. Despite this, there has been surprisingly little multivariate genetic research reported on joint analyses of person-

Gregory Carey; David L. DiLalla

1994-01-01

327

Personality Correlates of Physical Fitness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I examine the relation between personality and physical fitness. One group (N = 97) of male adults completed the Hogan Personality Inventory and five nationally recognized physical fitness batteries. A second group (N = 35) completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and a set of medical and physical performance assessments. Results indicate that physical fitness must be

Joyce Hogan

1989-01-01

328

Dimensions of Multiple Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on multiple personality disorder (MPD) has burgeoned, and large-scale investigations indicate that a typical MPD patient is a woman, a victim of childhood abuse (especially sexual abuse), a person whose symptoms meet criteria for other psychiatric disorders, and a person who would employ many psychological defenses. Treatment approaches have frequently included hypnotherapy, which requires skill and caution.

John B. Murray

1994-01-01

329

Lemaître: A Personal Profile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From The Primeval Atom (látom primitif), to the cosmological constant, to the Schwarzschild limit, the scientific achievements of Georges Lemaître have gained more recognition in recent years. But many aspects of his life are not so widely known. This essay provides a brief biographical survey of Lemaître's life, his decorated service during World War I, his vocation to the Roman Catholic priesthood, and his professional and personal relationships with Einstein, Eddington, Hoyle, Gamow, as well as his role in the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and his views on the relationship between science and faith.

Farrell, J.

2013-04-01

330

Personalizing carbamazepine therapy  

PubMed Central

The anticonvulsant carbamazepine has a high incidence of cutaneous adverse drug reactions. A recent prospective clinical trial in Taiwan has indicated that HLA-B*1502 screening will reduce the incidence of life-threatening adverse reactions to carbamazepine, while a genome-wide association study has identified the HLA-A*3101 allele as a genetic risk factor for the full spectrum of carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions in a European population. These studies should aid future decision-making for personalized use of carbamazepine treatment.

2011-01-01

331

Personalizing carbamazepine therapy.  

PubMed

The anticonvulsant carbamazepine has a high incidence of cutaneous adverse drug reactions. A recent prospective clinical trial in Taiwan has indicated that HLA-B*1502 screening will reduce the incidence of life-threatening adverse reactions to carbamazepine, while a genome-wide association study has identified the HLA-A*3101 allele as a genetic risk factor for the full spectrum of carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions in a European population. These studies should aid future decision-making for personalized use of carbamazepine treatment. PMID:21635710

Mushiroda, Taisei; Nakamura, Yusuke

2011-05-30

332

Personality in Cyberspace: Personal Web Sites as Media for Personality Expressions and Impressions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the personality of owners of personal Web sites based on self-reports, visitors' ratings, and the content of the Web sites. The authors compared a large sample of Web site owners with population-wide samples on the Big Five dimensions of personality. Controlling for demographic differences, the average Web site owner reported being slightly less extraverted and more open

Bernd Marcus; Franz Machilek; Astrid Schütz

2006-01-01

333

Voter Decision MakingThe Tensions of Personal Identity, Personal Ethics, and Personal Benefit  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are several models of voter decision making; however, three influential factors (personal identity, personal ethics, and personal benefit) in the decision-making process have received little scholarly attention. These factors are examined to underscore their importance to voters when making a selection for a leader. A longitudinal election scenario is used to measure the effects of these variables on the

Kenneth J. Levine

2005-01-01

334

Does personality provide unique explanations for behaviour? Personality as cross-person variability in general principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

I propose that personality does not provide unique explanations for human behaviour. Two principles, accessibility as a 'cognitive' principle and regulatory focus as a 'motivational' principle, are used to illustrate how personality can be reconceptualized as a cross-person source of variability in the functioning of general psychological principles that have situational sources of variability as well. For each of these

E. Tory Higgins

2000-01-01

335

Providing personal desktop computing recommendations  

SciTech Connect

The increasing number of personal desktop computer users, coupled with rapidly changing personal desktop computer technology, has increased the demand for computing services. However, for many computing centers, budgets have not increased as rapidly as the demand for services. Providing personel desktop computing recommendations and encouraging users to follow them are effective means of meeting demands for computing services, even while operating within a constant or slowly growing budget. Providing personal desktop computing recommendations reduces evaluation costs, shifts the burden of evaluation, eases acquisition, encourages expertise, and expedites the repair of personal desktop computers. In this paper, we discuss issues associated with managing personal desktop computers, present the benefits of providing personal desktop computing recommendations, propose a process and suggestions for making these recommendations, and discuss our experiences with personal desktop computing recommendations at Argonne National Laboratory.

Coultis, D.W.; Gallo, M.A.

1985-01-01

336

Personalized treatment of pain.  

PubMed

Despite advances made in its understanding and treatment, chronic pain remains an unsolved and all too common problem. One of the main obstacles to successful management of pain is the high variability of many patients regarding both response to treatment and susceptibility to adverse effects, which curtails the utility of therapeutic intervention. Understanding the causes of this variability is an important challenge which may lead to a new era in rational pain management. As described in this review, however, there currently seems to be more than one possible explanation of this variability. Rational personalized pain management must take into consideration both ever-increasing knowledge of pharmacogenetics and pharmacokinetics and a broad, clinically based attitude incorporating co-morbidities, both physical and psychiatric, and concomitant medications. Novel models for testing in-vivo pain processing, for example assessment of conditioned pain modulation (CPM), are also promising approaches to use of rational data for empirical treatment of pain. Last, listening to the patient and understanding the context in which pain has affected his or her life is an important part of maintaining the personal nature of therapeutic interaction with patients suffering from pain. PMID:23292814

Ablin, Jacob N; Buskila, Dan

2013-01-01

337

FWCW: a personal view.  

PubMed

The personal experiences at the Beijing Fourth World Conference on Women and the Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) Forum were described by a Chinese American veterinarian. The author became aware that women were primarily the persons living in poverty in the world. Business and government appeared more concerned with economic growth. As a consequence, developed countries with 20% of world population consume 80% of the world's resources. The privilege of money secures a position of power in the world, power to buy up the resources of the world. This process is unsustainable and inequitable. Women are viewed as key players in shifting the balance in favor of a higher quality of life. The NGO workshops on Women in Livestock Development (WILD) was run by women veterinarians, who worked at the local level with women in poor areas. WILD operates out of offices in Arkansas in the USA. WILD women work in Sichuan, China, among the Han and Tibetans in increasing family income through heifer and livestock production. Conference participants from WILD programs talked about their experiences with increased income and loans to other women. The World Women's Veterinary Association members, who attended the conference, visited a small animal clinic in Beijing run by the Agriculture Ministry, and Beijing Agricultural University and its Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Demonstrations were given of small animal acupuncture. The author found the conference to be a success and found that press reports misrepresented the energy generated by the meeting. PMID:12346904

Li, A S

1995-12-01

338

Personality profiles and the prediction of categorical personality disorders.  

PubMed

Personality disorders (PDs) are usually construed as psychiatric categories characterized by a unique configuration of traits and behaviors. To generate clinical hypotheses from normal personality trait scores, profile agreement statistics can be calculated using a prototypical personality profile for each PD. Multimethod data from 1,909 psychiatric patients in the People's Republic of China were used to examine the accuracy of such hypotheses in the Interpretive Report of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Profile agreement indices from both self-reports and spouse ratings were significantly related to PD symptom scores derived from questionnaires and clinical interviews. However, accuracy of diagnostic classification was only modest to moderate, probably because PDs are not discrete categorical entities. Together with other literature, these data suggest that the current categorical system should be replaced by a more comprehensive system of personality traits and personality-related problems. PMID:11339794

McCrae, R R; Yang, J; Costa, P T; Dai, X; Yao, S; Cai, T; Gao, B

2001-04-01

339

Evolutionary genomics of animal personality  

PubMed Central

Research on animal personality can be approached from both a phenotypic and a genetic perspective. While using a phenotypic approach one can measure present selection on personality traits and their combinations. However, this approach cannot reconstruct the historical trajectory that was taken by evolution. Therefore, it is essential for our understanding of the causes and consequences of personality diversity to link phenotypic variation in personality traits with polymorphisms in genomic regions that code for this trait variation. Identifying genes or genome regions that underlie personality traits will open exciting possibilities to study natural selection at the molecular level, gene–gene and gene–environment interactions, pleiotropic effects and how gene expression shapes personality phenotypes. In this paper, we will discuss how genome information revealed by already established approaches and some more recent techniques such as high-throughput sequencing of genomic regions in a large number of individuals can be used to infer micro-evolutionary processes, historical selection and finally the maintenance of personality trait variation. We will do this by reviewing recent advances in molecular genetics of animal personality, but will also use advanced human personality studies as case studies of how molecular information may be used in animal personality research in the near future.

van Oers, Kees; Mueller, Jakob C.

2010-01-01

340

e-Perceptions: Personality Impressions Based on Personal Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the accuracy of personality impressions based on personal websites, a rapidly growing medium for self-expression, where identity claims are predominant. Eighty-nine websites were viewed by 11 observers, who rated the website authors' personalities. The ratings were compared with an accuracy criterion (self- and informant reports) and with the authors' ideal-self ratings. The websites elicited high levels of

Simine Vazire; Samuel D. Gosling

2004-01-01

341

DSM5 Personality Traits and DSM–IV Personality Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two issues pertinent to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) proposal for personality pathology, the recovery of DSM–IV personality disorders (PDs) by proposed DSM-5 traits and the validity of the proposed DSM-5 hybrid model, which incorporates both personality pathology symptoms and maladaptive traits, were evaluated in a large undergraduate sample (N = 808). Proposed DSM-5

Christopher J. Hopwood; Katherine M. Thomas; Kristian E. Markon; Aidan G. C. Wright; Robert F. Krueger

2012-01-01

342

42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES... (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

2010-10-01

343

42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES... (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

2012-10-01

344

42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES... (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

2011-10-01

345

Personal annunciation device  

DOEpatents

A personal annunciation device (PAD) providing, in an area of interest, compensatory annunciation of the presence of an abnormal condition in a hazardous area and accountability of the user of the PAD. Compensatory annunciation supplements primary annunciation provided by an emergency notification system (ENS). A detection system detects an abnormal condition, and a wireless transmission system transmits a wireless transmission to the PAD. The PAD has a housing enclosing the components of the PAD including a communication module for receiving the wireless transmission, a power supply, processor, memory, annunciation system, and RFID module. The RFID module has an RFID receiver that listens for an RFID transmission from an RFID reader disposed in a portal of an area of interest. The PAD identifies the transmission and changes its operating state based on the transmission. The RFID readers recognize, record, and transmit the state of the PAD to a base station providing accountability of the wearer.

Angelo, Peter (Oak Ridge, TN); Younkin, James (Oak Ridge, TN); DeMint, Paul (Kingston, TN)

2011-01-25

346

Stiff person syndrome.  

PubMed

Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare disorder, characterised by fluctuating rigidity and stiffness of the axial and proximal lower limb muscles, with superimposed painful spasms and continuous motor unit activity on electromyography. Although rare in general neurology practice, once observed it is unforgettable. The general neurologist may see only one or two cases during his or her career and as such it remains underdiagnosed. Left untreated, SPS symptoms can progress to cause significant disability. Patients have a poor quality of life and an excess rate of comorbidity and mortality. The severity of symptoms and lack of public awareness of the condition create anxiety and uncertainty for people with the disease. This review aims to raise awareness of SPS and to improve the likelihood of its earlier diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21921002

Hadavi, Shahrzad; Noyce, Alastair J; Leslie, R David; Giovannoni, Gavin

2011-10-01

347

Personal continuous air monitor  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a personal continuous air monitor capable of giving immediate warning of the presence of radioactivity. The monitor has a filter/detector head to be worn in the breathing zone of a user and it contains a filter mounted adjacent to radiation detectors, and a preamplifier. The filter/detector head is connected to a belt pack to be worn at the waist or on the back of a user. The belt pack contains a signal processor, batteries, a multichannel analyzer, a logic circuit, and an alarm. An air pump also is provided in the belt pack for pulling air through the filter/detector head by way of an air tube.d

Morgan, R.G.; Salazar, S.A.

2000-01-04

348

Personal Display Wall  

SciTech Connect

The LBNL Visualization Group has created a tiled display wall design that uses components that are readily available from a local hardware store and/or multiple online vendors, and requires minimal tools and skill to assemble. The result is a low-cost, easy to assemble tiled display device that is readily accessible to visualization researchers and domain scientists alike. The LBNL Personal Display (PD) Wall differentiates itself from other LCD-matrix displays because its design minimizes cost and complexity while retaining the functionality of its more expensive tiled display brethren. The PD-Wall occupies the same amount of desktop area as a large flatscreen LCD display panel. LBNL will be publishing and distributing simple plans so that any laboratory or user site can construct their own copies of this device.

Shalf, John; Bethel, E. Wes; Siegerist, Cristina

2004-01-01

349

Personal pelvic viewer  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The Personal Pelvic Viewer.TM. abbreviated PPV.TM. is a hand-held instrument which a woman may place by herself into her own vagina to conveniently view and record video images of the interior of her vagina and cervix on a remote monitor, such as a television, computer display, or computer monitor. The PPV possesses a sealed video camera and may obtain its battery power through a short cable to a remote transceiver unit which also provides a wireless communication link to a base station transceiver which in turn provides the video information to be displayed on the television, computer display, etc. The PPV provides a convenient instrument that allows a lone female to observe the interior of her own vagina in total privacy for medical reasons, to determine her own fertility, and to observe her sexual response.

2005-05-24

350

Hard electronics. (Hard electronics).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the fields of power conversion devices and broadcasting/commun icationamplifiers, high power, high frequency and low losses are desirable. Further, for electronic elements in aerospace/aeronautical/geothermal surveys, etc., heat resistance to 500degC i...

1998-01-01

351

Sexual selection and animal personality.  

PubMed

Consistent individual behavioural tendencies, termed "personalities", have been identified in a wide range of animals. Functional explanations for personality have been proposed, but as yet, very little consideration has been given to a possible role for sexual selection in maintaining differences in personality and its stability within individuals. We provide an overview of the available literature on the role of personality traits in intrasexual competition and mate choice in both human and non-human animals and integrate this into a framework for considering how sexual selection can generate and maintain personality. For this, we consider the evolution and maintenance of both main aspects of animal personality: inter-individual variation and intra-individual consistency. PMID:19922534

Schuett, Wiebke; Tregenza, Tom; Dall, Sasha R X

2009-11-18

352

Personality disorders in late life  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing empiric evidence to suggest that a large number of elderly patients who have chronic depression frequently\\u000a have comorbid personality disorders as well. In addition, contrary to commonly held clinical beliefs, a recent meta-analysis\\u000a suggests that rates of personality disorders among older adults are essentially equivalent to that of younger groups. Although\\u000a understudied, personality-disordered elderly patients have been

Jennifer Q. Morse; Thomas R. Lynch

2000-01-01

353

Personality in frontal lobe disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality changes in frontal lobe disorders are easy to recognize, but their evolution can be hard to predict. Both focal\\u000a lesions and diffuse neurodegenerative processes may produce personality change based on interruption of prefrontal cortex\\u000a or subcortical structures that comprise the frontal-subcortical circuits. Observed changes in personality have been classified\\u000a by behavioral neurologists into three frontal-subcortical circuit syndromes, yet a

Tiffany W. Chow

2000-01-01

354

Argentine intercomparison programme for personal dosimetry.  

PubMed

An Intercomparison Programme is being carried out in Argentina for individual monitoring services. The programme was designed to test, on a voluntary basis, the performance of the laboratories that provide individual monitoring services for X and gamma radiation fields in the range from low-level dose up to 100 mSv. Irradiations were performed in full accordance with ISO 4037-3 recommendations by the Regional Reference Centre for Dosimetry (CRRD), belonging to Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) and the Physical Dosimetry Laboratory of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN). At the same time, several items have been asked to each participant pertaining to the action range, the detectors' characteristics, the laboratory procedures, the existence of an algorithm and its use for the dosemeter evaluation. In this study the evolution of the laboratories' performance throughout the programme, based on ISO 14146 acceptance criteria, is shown. PMID:17848382

Gregori, B N; Papadópulos, S B; Saraví, M; Kunst, J J

2007-09-11

355

Personality characteristics of western radiographers.  

PubMed

The 16PF personality test was used to survey 123 radiographers living in the western continental United States. The objective of the survey was to determine if a group personality profile different from the general U.S. population existed for radiographers. The results of the survey revealed that radiographers do have a personality profile different from the general U.S. population. Since such a profile exists, managers can use the information to improve a radiographer's environment, working conditions and personal growth. PMID:10291950

Tortorici, M

1989-01-01

356

Information filtering and personalization: Context, serendipity and group profile effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information filtering and personalization are central to the viability of many advanced connected services that are currently being developed for mobile consumer electronic devices. The usability of these services is closely tied to their ability to offer relevant, context sensitive information while shielding the user from both information overload and missing information that she\\/he did not know to ask for.

Shoshana Loeb; Euthimios Panagos

2011-01-01

357

The Neuropsychological Correlates of Borderline Personality Disorder and Suicidal Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD), compared with subjects who attempted suicide, to review neuropsychological (NP) function that may predispose to suicidal behaviour along a continuum of high and low lethality. Method: We undertook electronic searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Biosos Reviews, and Cinhal. The searches were restricted to English-language publications from 1985 onward. The search terms borderline

Jeannette LeGris; Rob van Reekum

2006-01-01

358

Personal Use Radio (CB) and Its Effect on TV Reception  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth in sales of Personal Use Radio, more commonly called Citizens Band Radio, equipment since 1974 has been nothing short of phenomenal. It took 16 years, from 1958 to 1974, to get the first million Class D Citizen Band licensees. At the end of 1975 the figure reached approximately 3.3 million. The Electronic Industries Association predicts there will be

Wilfred Hand

1977-01-01

359

The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their implications for assessment of early childhood learners. Veteran

Michael W. Ledoux; Noreen N. Yoder; Barbara Hanes

2010-01-01

360

The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and…

Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

2010-01-01

361

A Personalized Rhythm Click-Based Authentication System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In keystroke-based authentication systems, an input device to enter a password is needed. Users are verified by checking the validity of the password and typing characteristics. However, some devices have no standard desktop keyboard such as personal digital assistants and mobile phones. With these types of electronics, the system cannot successfully work in the authentication phase while the

Ting-Yi Chang; Yu-Ju Yang; Chun-Cheng Peng

2010-01-01

362

THE POWER OF PERSONALIZATION: CUSTOMER COLLABORATION AND VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using electronic media for interaction with customers enables enterprises to integrate customer activity and knowledge about customers resulting in a high-quality relationship thus turning buying processes more efficient. In this paper we review the basics of personalization - how it works, where it can be used (the applications) and what makes it work (the enablers). Our discussion is structured around

Petra Schubert; Michael Koch

2002-01-01

363

On the Effect of Personal Taxes on Personal Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is a contribution to the taxable income literature. This literature attempts to assess how personal income changes when personal income taxes do. The pioneering studies of Lindsay (1987) and Feldstein (1995) argued that taxpayers may respond to tax changes by working less hard (not necessarily fewer hours), through evasion, and making a smart use of the tax code.

Herman Mauricio Acuna

2009-01-01

364

Personal health promotion through personalized health technologies — Nuadu experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poor lifestyles - overweight, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, sleep deprivation, and stress - are significant risk factors to chronic illnesses, which cause majority of the health care costs. Hence, behavioral change towards healthy lifestyles is one of the keys to health care cost containment. Personal health systems (PHS) offer tools to support behavioral change. As health risks, personal needs and

I. Korhonen; E. Mattila; A. Ahtinen; J. Salminen; L. Hopsu; R. Lappalainen; T. Leino

2009-01-01

365

MBTI Personality Types and SII Personal Style Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scores of 426 undergraduates on the Myers Briggs Type Inventory (MBTI) and Strong Interest Inventory (SII) revealed that personal style scales of the SII are related to MBTI polar dimensions in various combinations. Results support the idea that personality traits are related to career interests. (SK)|

Buboltz, Walter C., Jr.; Johnson, Patrick; Nichols, Cassandra; Miller, Matthew A.; Thomas, Adrian

2000-01-01

366

Personal Mesh: Realizing Flexible Internet Access for Personal Area Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the proliferation of various types of computing and networking resources in ubiquitous computing environments, an architecture allowing mobile users to flexibly access these resources is desirable. We have focused our attention on the access link resources of devices surrounding users. Our framework named personal mesh allows personal devices to seamlessly access the Internet via appropriate access links available in

Hoaison Nguyen; Hiroyuki Morikawa; Tomonori Aoyama

2005-01-01

367

26 CFR 1.6302-4 - Voluntary payments by electronic funds transfer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Voluntary payments by electronic funds transfer. 1.6302-4 Section...Provisions § 1.6302-4 Voluntary payments by electronic funds transfer. (a) Electronic funds transfer. Any person may...

2011-04-01

368

46 CFR 530.10 - Amendment, correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. 530.10 Section 530...correction, cancellation, and electronic transmission errors. (a) Terms. When used...A to this part. (d) Electronic transmission errors. An authorized person...

2012-10-01

369

Pharmacogenetics: implementing personalized medicine.  

PubMed

Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics have been widely recognized as fundamental steps toward personalized medicine. They deal with genetically determined variants in how individuals respond to drugs, and hold the promise to revolutionize drug therapy by tailoring it according to individual genotypes.The clinical need for novel approaches to improve drug therapy derives from the high rate of adverse reactions to drugs and their lack of efficacy in many individuals that may be predicted by pharmacogenetic testing.Significant advances in pharmacogenetic research have been made since inherited differences in response to drugs such as isoniazid and succinylcholine were explored in the 1950s. The clinical utility and applications of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are at present particularly evident in some therapeutic areas (anticancer, psycotrophic, and anticoagulant drugs).Recent evidence derived from several studies includes screening for thiopurine methyl transferase or uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyl-transferase 1A1 gene polymorphisms to prevent mercaptopurine and azathioprine or irinotecan induced myelosuppression, respectively. Also there is a large body of information concerning cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms and their relationship to drug toxicity and response. Further examples include screening the presence of the HLA-B*5701 allele to prevent the hypersensitivity reactions to abacavir and the assessment of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER-2) expression for trastuzumab therapy of breast cancer or that of KRAS mutation status for cetuximab or panitumumab therapy in colorectal cancer.Moreover, the application of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics to therapies used in the treatment of osteoarticular diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis) holds great promise for tailoring therapy with clinically relevant drugs (e.g. disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, vitamin D, and estrogens). Although the classical candidate gene approach has helped unravel genetic variants that influence clinical drug responsiveness, gene-wide association studies have recently gained attention as they enable to associate specific genetic variants or quantitative differences in gene expression with drug response.Although research findings are accumulating, most of the potential of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics remains to be explored and must be validated in prospective randomized clinical trials.The genetic and molecular foundations of personalized medicine appear solid and evidence indicates its growing importance in healthcare. PMID:22461093

Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania

2009-01-01

370

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN PERSONNEL AND TRAINING NEEDS OF IOWA INDUSTRIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO PROVIDE DATA FOR USE IN DEVELOPING OR IMPROVING ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS. A POSTAL CARD QUESTIONNAIRE WAS SENT TO 678 MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING INDUSTRIES IN IOWA EMPLOYING MORE THAN 50 PERSONS AND ALL ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC, AND PRECISION INSTRUMENT MANUFACTURERS EMPLOYING FEWER THAN 50 PERSONS. DATA…

WEEDE, GARY DEAN

371

Personal Fuel Appliance  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress made in Phase I of Stuart's Personal Fueling Appliance Program. Phase I concluded in March 2002 with the demonstration and deployment of several working models. As proposed in the original project plan, working models of the PFA were built to prove feasibility and technically market the concept. Future follow up phases of the project, Phase II and III, will take the concept through prototyping development to pre-production of commercially viable product. The Phase I program successfully demonstrate a home fueling system capable of running on a household circuit, 220V/40 Amp/single phase or equivalent. Connected to a source of ''drinking water'' the system has all the functions necessary to convert water and electricity to high-pressure hydrogen fuel. Pressures of up to 3600 psig were achieved on demonstration systems and higher pressures up to 5000 psig were achieved in the lab. The development program spanned building 3 series of prototypes: White Box (1 unit built 1998), PFA Series 100 (4 units built 1999-2000), and Series 200 (6 units built 2000-02). Advanced in controls and process learned in the PFA program have been embodied in Stuart's larger fuel appliances.

Stuart Energy

2003-12-30

372

Electron Optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface to the third edition; From the preface to the second edition; Acknowledgements; 1. Historical introduction. The fundamental principles of electron optics; 2. The cardinal points of an electron lens; 3. Field plotting and ray tracing: analogue and computational methods; 4. Some electrostatic electron lenses; 5. Magnetic electron lenses; 6. Lens errors: geometrical aberrations; 7. Electronic aberrations; 8. Electron optics and space-charge; 9. Emission systems and electron guns; 10. Deflecting fields; Appendices; Bibliography and author index; Subject index.

Klemperer, O.; Barnett, M. E.

2011-02-01

373

Emergent Affective and Personality Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Emergent Aective and Personality model is a body- mind model of emotions for a mobile tour guide agent. This research is inspired by work in Psychology, Brain Research, Personality, Narra- tive, Mobile Computing and Artificial Intelligence. The main goal is to build an 'intelligent guide with attitude'. This paper presents a review of related work, the aective model and

Mei Yii Lim; Ruth Aylett; Christian Martyn Jones

2005-01-01

374

Imagery Rescripting for Personality Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagery rescripting is a powerful technique that can be successfully applied in the treatment of personality disorders. For personality disorders, imagery rescripting is not used to address intrusive images but to change the implicational meaning of schemas and childhood experiences that underlie the patient's problems. Various mechanisms that…

Arntz, Arnoud

2011-01-01

375

Personalized retrieval of sports video  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing demand for effective access to video information from media archives in recent years. Personalized video retrieval is one of the most challenging issues and has spurred a significant interest in many research communities. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to achieve personalized retrieval of sports video, which includes two research tasks: semantic annota-

Yifan Zhang; Xiaoyu Zhang; Changsheng Xu; Hanqing Lu

2007-01-01

376

Imagery Rescripting for Personality Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagery rescripting is a powerful technique that can be successfully applied in the treatment of personality disorders. For personality disorders, imagery rescripting is not used to address intrusive images but to change the implicational meaning of schemas and childhood experiences that underlie the patient's problems. Various mechanisms that may…

Arntz, Arnoud

2011-01-01

377

Personal computers restructuring tomorrow's nets  

SciTech Connect

Discusses alternative futures for distributing future personal computers, via data communications networks. The author scans and extrapolates some of the advances for impacting the emerging future of information utilities now sprouting up thoroughout the world. In particular he looks at the future of personal computers in the field of artificial intelligence,, for expert knowledge-based systems.

Joseph, E.C.

1982-01-01

378

Building Blocks for Personal Brands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses the four essential building blocks for personal brands: (1) name; (2) message; (3) channels; and (4) bridges. However, outstanding building materials can only take a person so far. The author emphasizes that vision, determination, faith, a sense of humor, and humility are also required.|

Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

2011-01-01

379

A Personality typology of smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of smoker's personality has a long and controversial history. Smokers tend to be more extroverted, tense, and anxious and have more antisocial characteristics than nonsmokers. However, some of the data is contradictory, and the strength of the relationship between personality and smoking is weak, probably because smokers are not a homogeneous group. To test this possibility, we used

David Patton; Gordon E. Barnes; Robert P. Murray

1997-01-01

380

Victimization of Persons by Fraud  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focuses on the victimization of persons by personal fraud, which we define as involving the deliberate intent to deceive with promises of goods, services, or other financial benefits that in fact do not exist or that were never intended to be provided. The article presents data based on a national telephone survey involving a representative probability sample of

Richard M. Titus; Fred Heinzelmann; John M. Boyle

1995-01-01

381

Personal Epistemologies, Work and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper elaborates the role and development of personal epistemologies when learning through and for work. It does this by drawing on explanatory propositions from psychology, sociology and philosophical accounts. The aim here is to go beyond conceptions of epistemological beliefs and to position personal epistemologies as being active,…

Billett, Stephen

2009-01-01

382

Personal Finance. Common Curriculum Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides the common curriculum goals for the state of Oregon in personal finance, an area of study that relates basic economic concepts and practices to the financial concerns of consumers. These goals were designed to define what should be taught in all public school settings. The common curriculum goals in personal finance are…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

383

Popcorn: the personal knowledge base  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often use powerful tools to manage the documents they encounter, but very rarely to store the mental knowledge they glean from those documents. Popcorn is a personal knowledge base: an experimental interface and database designed to store and retrieve a user's accumulated personal knowledge. It aims to let the user represent information in a way that corresponds more naturally

Stephen Davies; Scotty Allen; Jon Raphaelson; Emil Meng; Jake Engleman; Roger King; Clayton Lewis

2006-01-01

384

Personality, intelligence and marital outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the impact of intelligence (cognitive ability) and personality traits on individual marital outcomes. I nd considerable eects of both cognitive ability and personality traits on marriage and divorce outcomes, and they remain sig- nicant even after controlling for a an extensive set of family background and individual characteristics. Findings from marriage hazard regressions suggest that not only

Giedrius Blazys

385

Combating interference by unauthorised persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the new threat situation it is necessary to impede and if necessary detect ingress by unauthorised persons into the relevant establishment. It may be necessary to take additional measures to protect installations or parts thereof that are especially hazardous or at risk from terrorist attacks from interference by unauthorised persons.It is the duty of the state to take precautionary

Hans-Joachim Uth

2005-01-01

386

Recommendation and Personalization: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommendation and personalization attempt to reduce information overload and retain customers. While research in both recommender systems and personalization grew mainly out of information retrieval, both areas have emerged from nascent levels to veritable and challenging research areas in their own right. Whereas no technical or sophisticated methodologies exist by which to build such systems, the field also lacks a

Saverio Perugini; Marcos Andr

2002-01-01

387

Factors of style and personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to find relationships between psychological and linguistic variables, style samples of short stories, 300 words each, were analyzed according to formal criteria and the results were correlated with scores on personality tests. The number of significant correlations supported the hypothesis that style is related to personality. A factor analysis, using the principal component solution and Varimax rotation

Ernst Moerk

1972-01-01

388

Individuality and the prejudiced personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers maintain that individual psychological processes related to our human evolutionary inheritance, a person's particular genetic make-up, and\\/or childhood learning and socialisation patterns are a root cause of prejudice. The effects of collective processes on the individual are considered to be largely in the past, producing individual personalities and social attitudes that are relatively fixed and enduring. There is,

Katherine J. Reynolds; John C. Turner

2006-01-01

389

Personal Growth: Education and Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

An essential element of human resource management (HRM) is employee growth and development. Two aspects of this development involve growth in job related behaviours and the less tangible but vital aspect of personal growth. The paper focuses on the latter topic. The aim is an exploration of the relationship between experience and education as they relate to personal growth. Since

Thomas A. Wyatt

1998-01-01

390

Personalizing CS1 with robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a CS1 curriculum that uses a robotics context to teach introductory programming (1). Core to our approach is that each student has their own personal robot. Our robot and software have been specifically developed to support the needs of a CS1 curriculum. We frame tradi- tional problems (robot control) in terms that are personal, relevant, and fun.

Jay Summet; Deepak Kumar; Keith J. O'hara; Daniel Walker; Lijun Ni; Douglas S. Blank; Tucker R. Balch

2009-01-01

391

Emotional Memory and Adaptive Personalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Believable agents designed for long-term interaction with human users need to adapt to them in a way which appears emotionally plausible while maintaining a consistent personality. For short-term interactions in restricted environments, scripting and state machine techniques can create agents with emotion and personality, but these methods are labor intensive, hard to extend, and brittle in new environments. Fortunately, research

Anthony G. Francis; Manish Mehta; Ashwin Ram

2010-01-01

392

Person-centered medical interview  

PubMed Central

Abstract We are witnessing an unprecedented development of medical science and personalized medicine. However, technological superiority must not make us lose sight of the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual totality of the patient. The core of the medical profession has always been and will be the relationship between the health professional and the person seeking assistance. However, the traditional relationship between the physician and the patient has changed and is greatly impacted by huge social, philosophical, economic, and scientific developments. It is important to develop and promote the culture of health instead of the culture of illness through a patient-doctor collaborative partnership, as well as partnership among professionals. Person-centered medical interview is an important bridge between personalized and person-centered medicine.

?or?evic, Veljko; Bras, Marijana; Brajkovic, Lovorka

2012-01-01

393

Multimethod Investigation of Interpersonal Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder  

PubMed Central

Even though interpersonal functioning is of great clinical importance for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), the comparative validity of different assessment methods for interpersonal dysfunction has not yet been tested. This study examined multiple methods of assessing interpersonal functioning, including self- and other-reports, clinical ratings, electronic diaries, and social cognitions in three groups of psychiatric patients (N=138): patients with (1) BPD, (2) another personality disorder, and (3) Axis I psychopathology only. Using dominance analysis, we examined the predictive validity of each method in detecting changes in symptom distress and social functioning six months later. Across multiple methods, the BPD group often reported higher interpersonal dysfunction scores compared to other groups. Predictive validity results demonstrated that self-report and electronic diary ratings were the most important predictors of distress and social functioning. Our findings suggest that self-report scores and electronic diary ratings have high clinical utility, as these methods appear most sensitive to change.

Stepp, Stephanie D.; Hallquist, Michael N.; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Pilkonis, Paul A.

2011-01-01

394

Personality Diagnosis for Personalized eHealth Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present two different approaches to personality diagnosis, for the provision of innovative personalized services, as used in a case study where diabetic patients were supported in the improvement of physical activity in their daily life. The first approach presented relies on a static clustering of the population, with a specific motivation strategy designed for each cluster. The second approach relies on a dynamic population clustering, making use of recommendation systems and algorithms, like Collaborative Filtering. We discuss pro and cons of each approach and a possible combination of the two, as the most promising solution for this and other personalization services in eHealth.

Cortellese, Fabio; Nalin, Marco; Morandi, Angelica; Sanna, Alberto; Grasso, Floriana

395

Electronic Mimosa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the design of a low-cost, 2D, electromagnetic tracking device for personal computers. This interface makes use of the well-known principle of electromagnetic induction to locate the position of a transmitter in an x-y plane. This device has a ring which is worn by the user on the index finger. The computer monitor is overlaid with a transparent screen equipped with tuned electromagnetic sensors. These sensors pick up the signals transmitted by the transmitter coil on the finger. The receiver circuit extracts the envelope of the received signal and digitizes it. These digitized values of x and y axis signals are read by the computer through the standard parallel port. The system software running on the computer calculates the x and y co-ordinates of the transmitter coil and displays a cursor at that location. The transmitter also has a button which can be used like a mouse button. This keypress information is also transmitted by the electromagnetic means. The device driver for this tracker replaces the standard mouse driver. Hence most applications which use a mouse can also use this tracker. Its name `Mimosa' indicates that the user need not touch the screen (Mimosa Pudica is the Latin name of a plant whose leaves wilt when touched). Presently work is on to achieve uniform sensitivity over the entire screen and reducing transmitter power consumption. In order to demonstrate its working, a small, 3D game was written. The player has to reach a pre-defined location after traversing through a maze. The paper describes the interface electronics, system software, mechanical design and the sample application.

Gupta, Sanjay; Datta, Meera S.; Rana, Vivek; Grover, Shailesh

1996-04-01

396

Music Training, Cognition, and Personality  

PubMed Central

Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality.

Corrigall, Kathleen A.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Misura, Nicole M.

2013-01-01

397

Music training, cognition, and personality.  

PubMed

Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality. PMID:23641225

Corrigall, Kathleen A; Schellenberg, E Glenn; Misura, Nicole M

2013-04-30

398

Electronic Prescribing  

MedlinePLUS

eRx CMS Product No. 11382 Revised March 2012 Electronic Prescribing I went to the pharmacy, and my ... Do you prescribe electronically?” For more information about electronic prescribing, call 1-800-MEDICARE (1-800-633- ...

399

Metropolitan Area Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income: 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new release from the BEA shows that "strong earnings growth in 'new economy' industries like business services and communications contributed to rapid personal income growth for the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1999."

400

Personalized persuasion: tailoring persuasive appeals to recipients' personality traits.  

PubMed

Persuasive messages are more effective when they are custom-tailored to reflect the interests and concerns of the intended audience. Much of the message-framing literature has focused on the advantages of using either gain or loss frames, depending on the motivational orientation of the target group. In the current study, we extended this research to examine whether a persuasive appeal's effectiveness can be increased by aligning the message framing with the recipient's personality profile. For a single product, we constructed five advertisements, each designed to target one of the five major trait domains of human personality. In a sample of 324 survey respondents, advertisements were evaluated more positively the more they cohered with participants' dispositional motives. These results suggest that adapting persuasive messages to the personality traits of the target audience can be an effective way of increasing the messages' impact, and highlight the potential value of personality-based communication strategies. PMID:22547658

Hirsh, Jacob B; Kang, Sonia K; Bodenhausen, Galen V

2012-04-30

401

Cloud Computing Support for Personal Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal knowledge management (PKM) is indispensable to human learning, working and living. Clouding computing, as an emerging and impressive technology, is promising to support personal knowledge management by providing users with all kinds of scalable services, such as channels, tools, applications, social support, for users' personal knowledge amplification, personal knowledge use\\/reuse, and personal knowledge sharing.

Luyi Li; Yanlin Zheng; Fanglin Zheng; Shaochun Zhong

2009-01-01

402

Future of electronic printing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the mid-1970s, electronic printing has been available to businesses. Its growth has been truly amazing. Original predictions of a need for no more than 500 laser printers has now given way to millions of printers of all types from home and personal office to the print shop. This paper is intended to look at what the future of electronic printing might look like. Any prognostication of the future is always risky and the intent here is to look at what has happened and what is happening in the marketplace and thus get some view of the future. Will the printer vendors of today be the printer vendors tomorrow? What will be the market leading characteristics of future electronic printers? Can we measure value to the first order? We shall try to briefly explore these and some other questions in order to pursue some idea of where the business is going.

Starkweather, Gary K.

1998-01-01

403

How to Recieve Personal Revelaiton  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Activity: You are going to make a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father resonds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Items Needed for this activity: (Go get them you\\'ll use them for this activity. If you don\\'t have your scriptures at home, used the links below.) -Scriptures -Pencil -Journal Read the following scriptures and underline the keywords you find that teach you how we receive personal revelation. Scripture #1:D C 8:2-3 Turn to the scripture above and ...

Boyce, Bro.

2006-10-03

404

Personalized care helps facilities compete.  

PubMed

Catholic health facilities may believe that they provide personalized care, since this value is a part of their mission statement. In the face of shrinking inpatient services and competition for patients, however, formal efforts to provide such care are essential. Personalized care can be a primary factor in differentiating Catholic health care facilities in the marketplace. St. Edward Mercy Medical Center implemented marketing surveys to determine patients' perceptions of personalized care. Using the results, the medical center instituted employee education programs and physical improvements in order to meet patients' needs and thus maintain and improve the facility's patient market share. PMID:10268693

Keith, J M

1984-11-01

405

Personality Predicts Cognitive Function Over Seven Years in Older Persons  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether Neuroticism, as well as the less-studied dimensions the Five Factor Model of personality (Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) were associated with 7-year trajectories of cognitive functioning in older persons. Design Primary analysis of existing clinical trial data. Participants 602 persons of average age 79 at baseline. Measurements The NEO-Five Factor Inventory of personality, completed at baseline, and the modified Mini Mental Status Exam (3MSE) measured every 6 months for 7 years. Results Controlling for demographics, baseline morbidities including depression, health behaviors, Apolipoprotein E4 genotype, and self-rated health, higher Neuroticism was associated with worse average cognitive functioning and a steeper rate of decline over follow-up. Higher Extraversion and lower Openness were both associated with worse average cognitive functioning prospectively, while persons higher in Conscientiousness showed a slower rate of cognitive decline. Conclusions In addition to Neuroticism, other dispositional tendencies appear prognostically relevant for cognitive functioning in older persons. More work is needed to understand the mechanisms by which traits operate, as well as whether mitigation of certain dispositional tendencies can facilitate a better course of cognitive function.

Chapman, Benjamin; Duberstein, Paul; Tindle, Hilary A; Sink, Kaycee M; Robbins, John; Tancredi, Daniel J.; Franks, Peter

2011-01-01

406

Electron cooling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The brief review of the most significant and interesting achievements in electron cooling method, which took place during last two years, is presented. The description of the electron cooling facilities-storage rings and traps being in operation or under development-is given. The applications of the electron cooling method are considered. The following modern fields of the method development are discussed: crystalline beam formation, expansion into middle and high energy electron cooling (the Fermilab Recycler Electron Cooler, the BNL cooler-recuperator, cooling with circulating electron beam, the GSI project), electron cooling in traps, antihydrogen generation, electron cooling of positrons (the LEPTA project).

Meshkov, I.; Sidorin, A.

2004-10-01

407

Personality Differences in Dissonance Resolution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following the induction of either a positive or negative impression of an object person (OP) through descriptions of his past behavior, concrete and abstract Ss were presented descriptions of OP's present behavior that run counter to their past and wrote ...

O. J. Harvey R. Ware

1966-01-01

408

Household Products Database: Personal Care  

MedlinePLUS

... mascara Men's Products Mens Products moisturizing mouthwash nail polish/enamel nappies night cream/lotion pain relief/first aid permanent Personal Cleanliness polish remover pre-lightener preshave protective hand cream semi- ...

409

Technical Typography Using Personal Computers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical typography is fully within the capabilities of the personal computer. Two software packages seemed best able to meet our requirements: EXACT and PC TeX. This report describes the installation, use, capabilities, and results of these packages. Al...

J. M. King

1989-01-01

410

Zygotes, souls, substances, and persons.  

PubMed

The thesis that the human zygote is essentially identical with the person into which it can develop is difficult to maintain, because the zygote can become several persons. In addition, the thesis depends upon ambiguities in the notions of human being, human individual, human body, and soul. A human being may be individual in the sense of either a biologically integrated unity or a psychologically integrated unity. A person is a psychologically integrated unity, because it must unify its experiences in morally imputable actions. To say that the zygote is a person requires one to assert that the zygote has the same principle of psychological integration, i.e., a rational soul, as one who can obviously manifest psychological integration. The assertion is incapable of being justified in empirical (e.g., non-religious) terms. PMID:2290075

Bole, T J

1990-12-01

411

Dealing with Inconsistent Personality Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Inconsistency between an individual's self-description and behavior was studied. Results revealed that conversational behavior accounted for a much larger percentage of variance in all the introversion-extraversion personality ratings than did self-descri...

T. M. Amabile

1980-01-01

412

Personal Relationships and Digestive Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... Stories Manage Your Health SAFER Medicine Managing Medications Medication Tips Avoiding Drug Adverse Effects How to Prepare for Tests Doctor-Patient Communication How to Talk to Your Doctor Personal Relationships ...

413

Modal Personality in the Bahamas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports investigation of modal personality of a colonial people evolving toward independence--Phase I of a longitudinal study of behavioral adaptation to sociopolitical change. Comparative data from Thailand and the Philippines are also presented. (RJ)

Lefley, Harriet P.

1972-01-01

414

Personal Ethics versus Professional Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Integrity, honesty, and moral conduct are essential elements in a good leader. Most people would agree with that statement. Disagreement comes when these standards are applied equally to personal and professional lives. The general thinking of society tod...

J. E. White

1996-01-01

415

Reconceptualizing second-person interaction  

PubMed Central

Over the last couple of decades, most neuroscientific research on social cognition has been dominated by a third-person paradigm in which participating subjects are not actively engaging with other agents but merely observe them. Recently this paradigm has been challenged by researchers who promote a second-person approach to social cognition, and emphasize the importance of dynamic, real-time interactions with others. The present article's contribution to this debate is twofold. First, we critically analyze the second-person challenge to social neuroscience, and assess the various ways in which the distinction between second- versus third-person modes of social cognition has been articulated. Second, we put forward an alternative conceptualization of this distinction—one that gives pride of place to the notion of reciprocity. We discuss the implications of our proposal for neuroscientific studies on social cognition.

de Bruin, Leon; van Elk, Michiel; Newen, Albert

2012-01-01

416

Personalism for public health ethics.  

PubMed

In public health ethics, as in bioethics, utilitarian approaches usually prevail, followed by Kantian and communitarian foundations. If one considers the nature and core functions of public health, which are focused on a population perspective, utilitarianism seems still more applicable to public health ethics. Nevertheless, faulting additional protections towards the human person, utilitarianism doesn't offer appropriate solutions when conflicts among values do arise. Further criteria must be applied to protect the fundamental principles of respect for human life. Personalism offers similar advantages to utilitarianism but warrants more protection to the human person. We suggest a possible adaptation of personalism in the specific field of public health by means of four principles: absolute respect for life or principle of inviolability; subsidiarity and the "minimum" mandatory principle; solidarity; justice and non discrimination. PMID:20567073

Petrini, Carlo; Gainotti, Sabina; Requena, Pablo

2010-01-01

417

28 CFR 551.6 - Personal hygiene.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personal hygiene. 551.6 Section 551...MISCELLANEOUS Grooming § 551.6 Personal hygiene. The Warden shall make...articles necessary for maintaining personal hygiene. [46 FR 59509, Dec....

2010-07-01

418

28 CFR 551.6 - Personal hygiene.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Personal hygiene. 551.6 Section 551...MISCELLANEOUS Grooming § 551.6 Personal hygiene. The Warden shall make...articles necessary for maintaining personal hygiene. [46 FR 59509, Dec....

2013-07-01

419

28 CFR 551.6 - Personal hygiene.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Personal hygiene. 551.6 Section 551...MISCELLANEOUS Grooming § 551.6 Personal hygiene. The Warden shall make...articles necessary for maintaining personal hygiene. [46 FR 59509, Dec....

2009-07-01

420

7 CFR 12.8 - Affiliated persons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Affiliated persons. 12.8 Section 12.8 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION General Provisions § 12.8 Affiliated persons. (a) Ineligibility of affiliated persons....

2012-01-01

421

The Roma Personal Metadata Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

People now have available to them a diversity of dig- ital storage facilities, including laptops, cell phone address books, handheld devices, desktop comput- ers and web-based storage services. Unfortunately, as the number of personal data repositories in- creases, so does the management problem of ensur- ing that the most up-to-date version of any docu- ment in a user's personal file

Edward Swierk; Emre Kiciman; Nathan C. Williams; Takashi Fukushima; Hideki Yoshida; Vince Laviano; Mary Baker

2002-01-01

422

The Roma Personal Metadata Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

People now have available to them a diversity of digital storage facilities, including laptops, cell phone address books, handheld devices, desktop computers and web-based storage services. Unfortunately, as the number of personal data repositories increases, so does the management problem of ensuring that the most up-to-date version of any document in a user's personal file space is available to him

Edward Swierk; Emre K?c?man; Nathan C. Williams; Takashi Fukushima; Hideki Yoshida; Vince Laviano; Mary Baker

2002-01-01

423

The ideal romantic partner personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most contemporary social psychological studies on inter-personal attraction have independently explored the competing concepts of similarity and complementarity. Incorporating evolutionary principles associated with assortative mating, two studies were conducted that examined individual difference preferences using the five-factor model (FFM) of human personality as assessed by the NEO-FFI. The first study (N=104) examined the degree to which individuals showed an absolute

Aurelio José Figueredo; Jon Adam Sefcek; Daniel Nelson Jones

2006-01-01

424

Personal construct psychotherapy of addictions.  

PubMed

Personal construct psychotherapy and its utility in understanding and treating addictions is explored. Several clinical phenomena related to chemical dependency are discussed from the perspective of constructivism. Framed within the context of Prochaska, DiClemente, & Norcross' (1992) stages of change model, several psychotherapeutic techniques are outlined. These concepts and techniques are offered as theoretically based heuristics and are intended to illustrate the potential utility of a clinical approach based upon personal construct theory. PMID:9218235

Klion, R E; Pfenninger, D T

425

Sexuality, Personality, and Eating Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess sexuality, personality, and eating pathology in women with eating disorders (EDs), we asked a random sample of 234 clinicians to describe an ED patient (age 16–65). Restricting AN patients tended to be childlike and prim\\/proper, while BN patients tended to be flirtatious and promiscuous. A constricted\\/overcontrolled personality predicted a childlike sexuality independent of AN diagnosis, and an undercontrolled,

KAMRYN T. EDDY; CATHERINE M. NOVOTNY; DREW WESTEN

2004-01-01

426

Personal genomics services: whose genomes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

New companies offering personal whole-genome information services over the internet are dynamic and highly visible players in the personal genomics field. For fees currently ranging from US$399 to US$2500 and a vial of saliva, individuals can now purchase online access to their individual genetic information regarding susceptibility to a range of chronic diseases and phenotypic traits based on a genome-wide

David Gurwitz; Yael Bregman-Eschet

2009-01-01

427

The Person of the Therapist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reversing the current primacy in outcome studies of therapy comparisons, this study brings the person of the therapist to the fore. The character of the therapist is a vital component in effective psychotherapy, especially ambitious, relationship-focused, long-term work. Although the person–therapist relationship contributes only 10 to 20% to outcome, identifying beneficial and malign characteristics across therapies is a fruitful area

Mark Aveline

2005-01-01

428

Emotional processing in personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of personality disorders, borderline and antisocial types are associated with emotional dysfunctioning. In borderline\\u000a personality disorder (BPD), the hypothesis of emotional hyperresponsiveness can be supported by several experimental studies\\u000a that suggest highly intensive and slowly subsiding emotions to primed and non-primed stimuli, as well as by data showing biased\\u000a information, which processes in the context of emotions.

Sabine C. Herpertz

2003-01-01

429

Workplace consequences of electronic exhibitionism and voyeurism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The popularity of email, blogging and social networking raises important issues for employers, employees and labor unions. This article will explore contemporary workplace issues resulting from the related social phenomena of electronic exhibitionism and voyeurism. It will begin with a discussion of the international social phenomenon of individuals electronically distributing their personal thoughts, opinions, and activities to a potential worldwide

William A. Herbert

2010-01-01

430

What is a case manager? The perspective of persons with borderline personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Case management services have expanded to include persons with diagnoses other than schizophrenia. Attention has been directed toward persons with chronic, nonpsychotic disorders—in particular, persons with personality disorders. However, to date, the nature and effects of case management for persons with personality disorders are relatively unknown. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore case management services from

Nadine Nehls

2001-01-01

431

Culture, universals, and the personal.  

PubMed

This chapter summarizes a part of the case that can be made that the individual construction of a personal domain of choice and privacy generalizes across cultures and is not restricted to persons who live within Western or so-called modern societies. The research findings reported here are consistent with the view that persons seek to establish such areas of control in order to maintain a differentiated personal identity and a sense of personal agency. Children, adolescents, and adults from the United States and traditional cultures have been found to identify a class of behaviors and issues as being outside the legitimate sphere of social or moral regulation. Mothers from Western and traditional cultural settings recognize and foster their children's claims to areas of personal choice and privacy. Across cultures, as children mature and move toward adulthood, they lay claim to a broader range of issues and actions as personal matters. Research on adolescent-parent conflict with U.S. and Chinese samples has indicated that these shifts associated with adolescent claims to freedom are the source of most family conflicts. Anthropological accounts of adolescent-parent conflicts in 160 cultures have provided evidence that such conflicts are widespread (Schlegel and Barry, 1991). Finally, we are beginning to obtain evidence that parental overcontrol of personal issues is associated with symptoms of psychological problems in their adolescent children. These research findings are consistent with the proposal (Nucci, 1996) that establishment of a personal domain is an intrinsic feature of normal human development, resulting from the inevitable attempt by individuals to account for and differentiate between their own motives, values, and experiences and those of others. The evidence also points to the fact that such personal issues are coexistent with concerns for interpersonal harmony and social integration. Thus, it is not surprising that the work summarized here also suggests considerable social-class and cultural variation in how the personal is expressed. Such variation is consistent with the assumption that the personal is constructed out of social interactions (Nucci, 1996) that entail reciprocal interchange between individual and societal structures (Turiel, 1996). In Spiro's analysis (1984), the results of such reciprocal structural interaction cannot be accounted for by reducing the analysis of psychological structures in terms of cultural structures and vice versa. Thus, any accurate interpretation of the impact of culture on psychological development must be constrained by features that are peculiar to psychological systems. Extending this to the cross-cultural study of the personal domain, a case can be made for the need to explore such issues at the level of the individual, rather than at the level of the cultural shared-symbol system. On the other hand, this nonreductionist approach and the available evidence rule out the reification of the personal as a culturally empty set of psychological issues. As illustrated in studies of the distribution of rights in relation to gender and social hierarchy among Druze Arabs (Wainryb and Turiel, 1994), the interplay between the personal and the cultural system of roles and obligations provides a rich and contradictory portrait that can be understood only by shifting perspective from the social to the individual and back again without favor. PMID:9348764

Nucci, L

1997-01-01

432

7 CFR 1206.15 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.15 Person. Person...

2013-01-01

433

7 CFR 1206.15 - Person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.15 Person. Person...

2012-01-01

434

Usability evaluation of a personal health record.  

PubMed

The electronic personal health record (PHR) has been championed as a mediator of patient-centered care, yet its usability and utility to patients, key predictors of success, have received little attention. Human-centered design (HCD) offers validated methods for studying systems effects on users and their cognitive tasks. In HCD, user-centered activities allow potential users to shape the design of the end product and enhance its usability. We sought to evaluate the usability and functionality of HealthView, the PHR of the Duke University Health System, using HCD methods. Study participants were asked to think aloud as they carried out tasks in HealthView. They then completed surveys and interviews eliciting their reactions to the web portal. Findings were analyzed to generate redesign recommendations, which will be incorporated in a future release of HealthView. PMID:22195184

Segall, Noa; Saville, Jeffrey G; L'Engle, Pete; Carlson, Boyd; Wright, Melanie C; Schulman, Kevin; Tcheng, James E

2011-10-22

435

Assessing Iraqi Arab personality using the Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The assessment of personality and related interpersonal dynamics among non-English-speaking populations offers many challenges to psychologists. Nonverbal culture-free or culture-fair instruments often fall short of adequately navigating the complex demands of non-Western cultural and ideological influences. Despite nearly a decade of America's presence within the Middle East, there remains a paucity of useful psychological assessment instruments available for use with non-English-speaking Arab populations in the region. A modified version of the Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire was used to assess personality, motivation, and interpersonal style among a small sample of Iraqi Arab male job applicants (n = 56). The various cross-cultural challenges and lessons learned from this assessment process are discussed and specific recommendations are provided. PMID:22730851

Staal, Mark A

2012-06-01

436

Successful ageing: keeping the 'person' in person-centred care.  

PubMed

This article, based on a paper given at the International Network for Studies Concerning Older Adults conference, Brazil, charts the emergence of notions of successful ageing, health-related quality of life and person-centred care which currently figure prominently in debates about health and social care. It argues that these developments reflect the importance given to autonomy and independence, values which potentially disadvantage the oldest and frailest members of society. It is suggested that there is a need for a more inclusive conceptualization of person-centred care, which recognizes the values of interdependence and reciprocity. PMID:12070389

Nolan, M

437

Can mock interviewers' personalities influence their personality ratings of applicants?  

PubMed

The authors examined individual difference and self-regulatory variables to understand how an interviewer rates a candidate's personality. Participants were undergraduate students at a large midwestern university in the United States who completed measures of individual differences, read an employment interview transcript involving a candidate applying for a customer service job, and rated the candidate's personality. Participants' agreeableness, social skills, and communion striving were positively associated with their ratings of the candidate's helpfulness and obedience. The authors provide a foundation for further research on interviewer effectiveness and the processes underlying the employment interview. PMID:19306679

Hilliard, Thomas; Macan, Therese

2009-03-01

438

Electronics Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site offers a one-stop shop for electronic projects with images, circuits with full descriptions, schematics and diagrams for printed circuit boards (PCBs), integrated circuits, and homemade electronic devices. This site supports an active electronics hobbyist community with free electronics articles, a blog, tutorials, question and answer area, design tips and hints, and an online electronics market with no registration required that allows people to buy and sell electronic parts and devices. This is a good site to search while the old soldering iron is heating up for electronics components, testing equipment, electronic kits, and detailed schematics and diagrams for almost any kind of electronic project including: amplifier, audio and noise, MIDI, counter, radio, simulators, sensors, measurement, temperature detectors, timing and timers, and video.

2009-08-05

439

Evaluation of an ontology-content based filtering method for a personalized newspaper  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new ontological-content-based method for ranking the relevancy of items in the electronic newspapers domain is proposed. The method is being implemented in ePaper, a personalized electronic newspaper research project. The content-based part of the filtering method of ePaper utilizes a hierarchical ontology of news items. The method considers common and \\

Veronica Maidel; Peretz Shoval; Bracha Shapira; Meirav Taieb-maimon

2008-01-01

440

Electronic Jewelry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brightly banded resisters, condensers, diodes and transistors as well as printed circuit boards were used with the objective of discovering their potential in creating objects for personal adornment. (RB)|

Ward, Vesta

1972-01-01

441

Employment in Borderline Personality Disorder  

PubMed Central

A number of studies in the literature have explored employment outcomes in patients with borderline personality disorder. However, after imposing our exclusion criteria, we located only 11 viable studies, published between the years 1983 and 2010. Individual studies examined employment outcomes in 8 to 249 individuals, but eight studies consisted of 33 participants or less. At baseline, participants were recruited from various locales, including hospital settings (7 studies), outpatient settings (2 studies), day treatment (1 study), and a college campus (1 study). The follow-up periods in these studies ranged from 1 to 27 years. Three studies compared participants with borderline personality disorder to a cohort of individuals with other types of psychopathology whereas only two studies used a normative comparison group. Given a host of potential limitations, findings cautiously suggest that nearly half of individuals with borderline personality disorder remain unemployed at follow-up, and of these, only a portion are self-supporting; 20 to 45 percent subsist on disability. However, several studies found modest employment gains among some individuals with borderline personality disorder, and one study developed a work/school acclimatization program, which meaningfully improved employment outcomes. This general area warrants further research to clarify the explicit employment outcomes of patients with borderline personality disorder.

Sansone, Lori A.

2012-01-01

442

Constructive processes in person cognition.  

PubMed

The notion of constructive memory processes is imported from research on eyewitness memory to the area of social cognition. Mere questioning about the applicability of personality attributes to a target person is shown to affect subsequent memory-based judgements of that person. These constructive influences are to be distinguished, conceptually, from the global notion of priming effects. In Expt 1, the target person was first described as an extravert; afterwards, subjects had to indicate whether either desirable aspects of extraversion (self-confidence) or undesirable aspects (exhibitionism) apply to the target or not. Mere questioning resulted in a congruent judgment bias towards the questioned attributes that did not generalize to a global halo effect. Experiment 2 replicated the basic finding and demonstrated that this phenomenon is independent of a generation effect (i.e. the memory advantage of self-generated inferences). These results are interpreted in terms of (a) a reframing of the categorical distribution representing the information about the target person in memory and (b) a regressive tendency to assume intermediate default values rather than extreme values for questioned attributes under uncertainty. Alternative explanations in terms of demand effects or a conformation bias cannot provide sufficient accounts. The relevance of constructive processes to understanding self-fulfilling prophecies and other phenomena in social interaction is discussed. PMID:8306142

Fiedler, K

1993-12-01

443

Examining the Role of Anxiety and Apathy in Health Consumers' Intentions to Use Patient Health Portals for Personal Health Information Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated college students' attitudes toward and intentions to use personal health portals (PHPs) for managing their personal health information using a survey method. The study also aimed to examine the roles electronic Personal Health Information Management (PHIM) anxiety and apathy play in influencing students' attitudes toward…

Torres, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

444

Understanding the Person through Narrative  

PubMed Central

Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed.

Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

2011-01-01

445

Personality profiles of police candidates.  

PubMed

Recently, Eber (1991) reported on several large-scale studies of law enforcement candidates. The main measures were the two parts of the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (Krug, Cattell, & IPAT, 1980). Part I consists of the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire Scales, while Part II is devoted to 12 measures of psychopathology. The most striking finding was a clear personality profile characterized by a strong pattern of self-discipline or Control, Tough Poise, and low Anxiety. Our study hypothesis was that several police personality profiles would be found. This conjecture was tested on the 16PF scores of two samples of 275 police candidates by means of the Ward (1963) hierarchical clustering procedure and the Milligan/Sokal (1980) nonhierarchical K-means cluster procedures. Three distinct score profiles were isolated in both samples. PMID:8014241

Lorr, M; Strack, S

1994-03-01

446

Personal Health Maintenance for Children  

PubMed Central

The foundations for lifelong responsibility for personal health maintenance are laid down in childhood. Personal health maintenance for children is important for a healthy childhood, for a healthy adulthood and for the development of positive values about health, personal health responsibility and the use of health services. Present knowledge in this area is weak but growing. Five areas of development are highlighted: (1) the cognitive understanding of health and disease, (2) a psychological sense of control over health, (3) parental and media influences on health behaviors, (4) school health education and (5) training by health professionals about self-management of childhood illness and health services usage patterns. Implications for current practice are developed.

Richmond, Julius B.; Kotelchuck, Milton

1984-01-01

447

The person in political emotion.  

PubMed

Recent social psychological theory and research on political issues has returned to once-popular concepts such as political emotion and ideology. Strikingly, however, this work tends to avoid the notion of personality and explicit reference to individual differences. For example, the numerous studies that examine correlations between political beliefs, feelings, and preferences rarely acknowledge that such associations show an ideological coherence in individuals. Instead, correlations between abstract constructs are interpreted as suggesting causal processes. Individuals, and their responses, are aggregated to generate such correlations but remain for the most part unexamined and unmentioned. I discuss 5 practices in research and reporting that make it difficult to find the person in correlational models of political emotion. I use my own research to illustrate these practices and to show how attention to macrolevel forces such as group membership, status, and structure may be integrated with attention to the individual person and meaningful aggregates. PMID:21039533

Leach, Colin Wayne

2010-10-12

448

32 CFR 806b.5 - Personal notes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Privacy Act Program § 806b.5 Personal notes. The Privacy Act does not apply to personal notes on individuals used as memory aids. Personal notes may become Privacy Act records if they are retrieved by name or other personal identifier and at least one...

2013-07-01

449

Personality Predictors of Participation as a Mentor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the personality characteristics of mentors. Design/methodology/approach: The five factor model of personality was used to examine relationships between personality and participation as a mentor. A sample of 194 practicing veterinarians were surveyed on the five factor model of personality and a…

Niehoff, Brian P.

2006-01-01

450

Personal name classification in web queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Personal names are an important kind of Web queries in Web search, and yet they are special in many ways. Strategies for retrieving information on personal names,should therefore be difierent from the strategies for other types of queries. To improve the search quality for personal names, a flrst step is to detect whether a query is a personal name.

Dou Shen; Toby Walkery; Zijian Zhengy; Qiang Yangz; Ying Li

2008-01-01

451

Personal Name Classification in Web Queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal names are an important kind of Web queries in Web search, and yet they are special in many ways. Strategies for retrieving information on personal names should therefore be difierent from the strategies for other types of queries. To improve the search quality for personal names, a flrst step is to detect whether a query is a personal name.

Dou Shen; Toby Walker; Zijian Zheng; Qiang Yang; Ying Li

452

On the insecurity of Personal Firewall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal Firewall is a popular and common installation choice on personal computers nowadays. It is expected to provide higher Internet security by employing Internet access controls. In this paper, we discuss the insecurity of most personal firewalls on Microsoft Windows platform and the methodologies to bypass them. We show that personal firewalls can be bypassed using various methods at different

Raymond Chiong; Sandeep Dhakal

2008-01-01

453

A Psychological Profile of Defender Personality Traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The security community has used psychological research on attacker personalities, but little work has been done to investigate the personalities of the defenders. One instrument currently dominating personality research is the Five Factor Model, a taxonomy that identifies five major domains of personal traits, composed of sets of facets. This model can be used within an organizational or vocational capacity

Tara Whalen; Carrie Gates

2007-01-01

454

A Hybrid Framework for a Personalized Document Filtering System  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more information becomes available electronically, tools for finding information of interest to users become increasingly\\u000a important. In this research, a personalized document filtering system with learning ability is designed and implemented. Each\\u000a user puts one query in the system and five intelligent software agents rank each new document from their points of view. Three\\u000a of these agents rank the

Alireza Sadjadieh

2007-01-01

455

Psychopathy, schizoid personality and borderline\\/schizotypal personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary-Eysenck and Eysenck's (1976) genetic model of psychoticism links psychopathy with schizo- phrenia and predicts a relationship between psychopathy and the Psychoticism scale of the EPQ. However, two recent studies fail to support this prediction. It is argued that this theory may be more appropriately tested using DSM-111 categories of borderline and schizotypal personality disorder and more specific measures of

ADRIAN RAINE

1986-01-01

456

Personal health promotion through personalized health technologies - Nuadu experience.  

PubMed

Poor lifestyles - overweight, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, sleep deprivation, and stress - are significant risk factors to chronic illnesses, which cause majority of the health care costs. Hence, behavioral change towards healthy lifestyles is one of the keys to health care cost containment. Personal health systems (PHS) offer tools to support behavioral change. As health risks, personal needs and preferences vary from an individual to another, personalization of the PHS is needed. In Nuadu project we have developed a PHS integrating several different personal health technologies. This system was studied in a large (N=354) randomized controlled trial where employees with several health risks participated in a health promotion program. The study will finish in June 2009. User feedback and technology usage logs reveal that especially simple mobile technologies were actively used during the program. However, usage models varied between individuals and time, and there was a significant number of both active users and non-users. The results emphasize that "one size" does not fit all, and instead of individual "killer applications", PHS with different personalizable and interoperable options should be developed. In addition, screening and profiling methods should be developed to identify those users who would best accept and benefit from technology-supported health promotion. Successful technologies combine high usability and conceptual simplicity to clear and perceivable added value for the end users. PMID:19964216

Korhonen, I; Mattila, E; Ahtinen, A; Salminen, J; Hopsu, L; Lappalainen, R; Leino, T

2009-01-01

457

Avoidance Personal Goals and the Personality–Illness Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies demonstrated that avoidance personal goals are positively related to physical symptom reports. These results were obtained (a) using both longitudinal and retrospective methodologies and (b) controlling for neuroticism and other alternative predictor variables. In 2 of the studies, a process model was validated in which perceived competence and perceived controlledness were shown to mediate the observed relationship between

Andrew J. Elliot; Kennon M. Sheldon

1998-01-01

458

The personal information environment beyond the personal computer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interface to personal computers has changed little in more than 30 years since the landmark Xerox Star. Beneath layers of metaphor for the user, and window management system abstractions for the developer, there is a deep underlying model of disk + processing + screen & mouse\\/keyboard. While the mouse and physical keyboard have sometimes morphed into touch screen and

Alan Dix; Steve Howard

2011-01-01

459

Personal identity, multiple personality disorder, and moral personhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi?memory (and other quasi?psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this

Steve Matthews

1998-01-01

460

A personal reflection: personal struggles in graduate study.  

PubMed

This article discusses the personal struggles of a foreign-educated nurse experienced when returning to graduate school in the United States. She discusses her struggles as well as tips for other nurses considering returning to school for higher education. PMID:20395733

Baldonado, Analiza V

461

Personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of a personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder to measure the physiological reactions of space flight personnel to space flight stress and weightlessness is described. The Oxford Instruments Medilog recorder, a battery-powered, four-channel cassette tape recorder with 24 hour endurance is carried on the person and will record EKG, EOG, EEG, and timing and event markers. The data will give information about heart rate and morphology changes, and document adaptation to zero gravity on the part of subjects who, unlike highly trained astronauts, are more representative of the normal population than were the subjects of previous space flight studies.

Green, H.

1981-11-01

462

Bioinformatics challenges for personalized medicine  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Widespread availability of low-cost, full genome sequencing will introduce new challenges for bioinformatics. Results: This review outlines recent developments in sequencing technologies and genome analysis methods for application in personalized medicine. New methods are needed in four areas to realize the potential of personalized medicine: (i) processing large-scale robust genomic data; (ii) interpreting the functional effect and the impact of genomic variation; (iii) integrating systems data to relate complex genetic interactions with phenotypes; and (iv) translating these discoveries into medical practice. Contact: russ.altman@stanford.edu Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Fernald, Guy Haskin; Capriotti, Emidio; Daneshjou, Roxana; Karczewski, Konrad J.; Altman, Russ B.

2011-01-01

463

Family Living and Personal Living  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find links for various projects for Family Living and Personal Living classes. FAMILY LIVING Wayne County Clerk - Marriage License *Travel Planning Sites* Northwest Airlines Amtrak Travelocity Spirit Air Orbitz PERSONAL LIVING (and Parenting): *Alcohol Research* Alcohol and Public Health - CDC MedlinePlus: Alcoholism NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism *Birth Control* Health and Wellness Resource Center - - start at this site by typing Birth Control in the search bar on the right of the screen and select "full text articles" and consumer heatlh. It will list a range of birth ...

Schultz, Ms.

2007-11-05

464

Unborn children as constitutional persons.  

PubMed

In Roe v. Wade, the state of Texas argued that "the fetus is a 'person' within the language and meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment." To which Justice Harry Blackmun responded, "If this suggestion of personhood is established, the appellant's case, of course, collapses, for the fetus' right to life would then be guaranteed specifically by the Amendment." However, Justice Blackmun then came to the conclusion "that the word 'person,' as used in the Fourteenth Amendment, does not include the unborn." In this article, it is argued that unborn children are indeed "persons" within the language and meaning of the Fourteenth and Fifth Amendments. As there is no constitutional text explicitly holding unborn children to be, or not to be, "persons," this argument will be based on the "historical understanding and practice, the structure of the Constitution, and thejurisprudence of [the Supreme] Court." Specifically, it is argued that the Constitution does not confer upon the federal government a specifically enumerated power to grant or deny "personhood" under the Fourteenth Amendment. Rather, the power to recognize or deny unborn children as the holders of rights and duties has been historically exercised by the states. The Roe opinion and other Supreme Court cases implicitly recognize this function of state sovereignty. The states did exercise this power and held unborn children to be persons under the property, tort, and criminal law of the several states at the time Roe was decided. As an effect of the unanimity of the states in holding unborn children to be persons under criminal, tort, and property law, the text of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment compels federal protection of unborn persons. Furthermore, to the extent Justice Blackmun examined the substantive law in these disciplines, his findings are clearly erroneous and as a whole amount to judicial error. Moreover, as a matter of procedure, according to the due process standards recognized in Fifth Amendment jurisprudence of the Supreme Court, Roe v. Wade should be held null and void as to the rights and interests of unborn persons. PMID:20443281

Roden, Gregory J

2010-01-01

465

Florence Nightingale: her personality type.  

PubMed

This article casts new and refreshing light on Florence Nightingale's life and work by examining her personality type. Using the theory-based Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the author examines Nightingale's personality type and reveals that she was an introverted-intuitive-thinking-judging type. The merit of using the MBTI is that it allows us to more clearly understand three major areas of Nightingale's life that have been partially unacknowledged or misunderstood: her spiritual development as a practicing mystic, her management of her chronic illness to maintain her prodigious work output, and her chosen strategies to transform her visionary ideas into new health care and social realities. PMID:20467028

Dossey, Barbara M

2010-03-01

466

Dimensional models of personality disorder  

PubMed Central

There is little doubt that someday the classification of personality disorder will be dimensional. The failures of the categorical model are so many and are so well established that it is difficult to imagine that this model will ultimately survive. This paper provides a brief discussion of the major alternative proposals for a dimensional classification of personality disorder. It is possible that the authors of a future edition of a psychiatric diagnostic manual will simply choose one of these alternative proposals. However, the ideal solution might be to develop a common, integrative representation including the important contributions of each of the models.

WIDIGER, THOMAS A

2007-01-01

467

Electron Microscopy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews technical aspects of structure determination in biological electron microscopy (EM). Discusses low dose EM, low temperature microscopy, electron energy loss spectra, determination of mass or molecular weight, and EM of labeled systems. Cites 34 references. (CS)|

Beer, Michael

1980-01-01

468

Social-Cognitive Theory of Personality Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a social-cognitive theory of personality assessment. We articulate the implications of social-cognitive theories of personality for the question of what constitutes an assessment of personality structure and behavioral dispositions. The theory consists of 5 social-cognitive principles of assessment. Personality assessments should (a) distin - guish the task of assessing internal personality structures and dynamics from that of

Daniel Cervone; William G. Shadel; Simon Jencius

2001-01-01

469

Personality Traits in the DSM–5  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in personality research coupled with a broad acknowledgment of the limitations of the representation of personality pathology in the third and fourth editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–III and DSM–IV) have positioned personality science to influence the shape of personality assessment in the fifth edition (DSM–5). Representing normative personality with well-validated traits that

Christopher J. Hopwood

2011-01-01

470

Adult Personality Development: Dynamics and Processes  

PubMed Central

The focus of this special issue of Research in Human Development is on adult personality and how personality may contribute to and be involved in adult development. Specifically, the contributions in this issue focus on the links between personality structures (e.g., traits) and personality processes (e.g., goal pursuit, self--regulation) and emphasize the contributions that intensive repeated measurement approaches can make to the understanding of personality and development across the adult life span.

Diehl, Manfred; Hooker, Karen

2013-01-01

471

Electronics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents results of research conducted by industry representatives regarding tasks performed by electronic technicians and line manufacturing electro-mechanical technicians in Arizona electronics industries. Based on this research, a competency-based curriculum was developed for training entry-level electronics technicians. Twelve…

Prickett, Charlotte

472

Electronics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents results of research conducted by industry representatives regarding tasks performed by electronic technicians and line manufacturing electro-mechanical technicians in Arizona electronics industries. Based on this research, a competency-based curriculum was developed for training entry-level electronics technicians. Twelve…

Prickett, Charlotte

473

31 CFR 240.3 - Electronic checks and substitute checks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...effect the return using an electronic check, but this part does...any other person using an electronic check. (b) Safekeeping...creates a substitute check or electronic check shall prevent unauthorized...manner consistent with federal banking agency guidelines for...

2013-07-01

474

Family physicians' perspectives on personal health records  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To explore FPs’ perspectives on the value of personal health records (PHRs) in primary care and the implementation and adoption of PHRs in Canada. Design A qualitative design using semistructured interviews. Setting Southwestern Ontario. Participants Ten FPs. Methods The 10 FPs participated in semistructured interviews, which were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. An iterative approach using immersion and crystallization was employed for analysis. Main findings Participants were generally positive about PHRs, and were attracted to their portability and potential to engage patients in health care. Their concerns focused on 3 main themes: data management, practice management, and the patient-physician relationship. Subthemes included security, privacy, reliability of data, workload, remuneration, physician obligations, patient misinterpretation of medical information, and electronic communication displacing face-to-face visits. Participants identified 3 key facilitators for adoption of PHR systems: integration with existing electronic health record systems, ease of use without being a burden on either time or money, and offering a demonstrated added value to family practice. Conclusion This study replicates previously published literature about FP concerns and opinions, and it further identifies remuneration as a potential barrier in Canadian fee-for-service payment models. Participants identified 3 key facilitators, which were suggested for implementation and adoption of PHRs, providing a basis for future research and development of these systems for use in Canadian family practice.

Yau, Gary L.; Williams, Andrew S.; Brown, Judith Belle

2011-01-01

475

Toward exercise as personalized medicine.  

PubMed

The early 21st century has witnessed a steady push by scientists, industry leaders, and government officials to make medicine more personalized. To date, the concept of personalized medicine has referred largely to the field of pharmacogenomics. In contrast, relatively few data exist regarding the application of preventive strategies such as physical exercise in the context of personalized medicine. Within this review, we highlight the extant literature and propose five strategies for scientists that may propel the exercise and sports science fields toward this global goal. Notably, these approaches are in addition to methods to maintain adherence to training - a well-known factor in determining exercise responsiveness. Briefly, these strategies include (1) evaluating participant responses to training at the individual as well as group level; (2) identifying sources of variability in responsiveness to training; (3) optimizing exercise dosing strategies to maximize benefits while minimizing barriers to participation; (4) evaluating the efficacy of multimodal interventions for relevant population subgroups; and (5) increasing the clinical relevance of study populations and outcomes in exercise trials. We look forward to seeing these strategies considered in trials of preventive health interventions such as exercise. Extensive future research in this area is needed for the vision of exercise as a personalized form of medicine to become a reality. PMID:23382011

Buford, Thomas W; Roberts, Michael D; Church, Timothy S

2013-03-01

476

Believable Agents: Building Interactive Personalities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the traditional character-based arts of film, books, animation, or theater, the audience is presented with vivid, powerful, personality-rich characters such as Rick from Casablanca or the Genie or Flying Carpet from Walt Disney's Aladdin. Unless one ca...

A. B. Loyall

1997-01-01

477

Borderline personality and externalized aggression.  

PubMed

Individuals with borderline personality disorder are diagnostically and clinically characterized by self-harm behavior, as indicated by the criterion in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision, "recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior." However, individuals with borderline personality disorder can display externalized aggressive behavior, as well. In an area characterized by considerably less research, empirical evidence indicates that individuals with borderline personality disorder may exhibit physical violence toward partners, physical violence toward known but nonintimate individuals, criminal behaviors that embody externalized violence (e.g., property damage), and, on very rare occasion, murderous behavior (either of family members or anonymous others through serial killing). Given this under-researched area, there are probably other types of externalized aggressive behaviors that have not been empirically revealed. However, externalized aggressive behaviors in individuals with borderline personality disorder clearly exist and need to be assessed in both psychiatric and primary care settings in an effort to promote safety of medical personnel and effective patient management. PMID:22567607

Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

2012-03-01

478

Thinking Persons and Cognitive Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive psychology and cognitive science are concerned with a domain of cognition that is much broader than the realm of judgement, belief, and inference. The idea of states with semantic content is extended far beyond the space of reasons and justification. Within this broad class of states we should, however, differentiate between the states distinctive of thinking persons — centrally,

Martin Davies

1990-01-01

479

Best Practices in Personality Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews personality assessment of students with severe emotional disorders (SED) as mandated by the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA). The EHA definition of SED, assessment strategies required by EHA guidelines, functional Individualized Education Plans, and the role of the school psychologist in the process are…

Knoff, Howard M.

1990-01-01

480

Eleven Interpretations of Personal Suffering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document defines suffering as the affective aspect of the pain experience while the cognitive aspect of the pain experience is the sensation of pain. It considers personal suffering, which mean's one's own suffering, and not the suffering of other people. It notes that a particular interpretation of suffering may be formulated in any number…

Foley, Daniel P.

481

On Grandiosity in Personality Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responds to the comments by A. Wood and S. Joseph (see record 2006-23492-015); S. R. Maddi (see record 2006-23492-016); and S. Epstein (see record 2006-23492-017) on the current author's original article (see record 2006-03947-002) "A New Big Five: Fundamental Principles for an Integrative Science of Personality" (McAdams & Pals, April 2006).…

McAdams, Dan P.

2007-01-01

482

Was Adam a Real Person?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

Lamoureux, Denis O.

2011-01-01

483

Nurses' professional and personal values.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to measure professional and personal values among nurses, and to identify the factors affecting these values. The participants were 323 Israeli nurses, who were asked about 36 personal values and 20 professional values. The three fundamental professional nursing values of human dignity, equality among patients, and prevention of suffering, were rated first. The top 10 rated values all concerned nurses' responsibility towards patients. Altruism and confidentiality were not highly rated, and health promotion and nursing research were rated among the last three professional values. For personal (instrumental) values, honesty, responsibility and intelligence were rated first, while ambition and imagination were rated 14th and 16th respectively out of 18. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found among some personal and professional values rated as functions of culture, education, professional seniority, position and field of expertise. The results may assist in understanding the motives of nurses with different characteristics and help to promote their work according to professional ethical values. PMID:18687816

Rassin, Michal

2008-09-01

484

Personalized Instruction in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard lecture/discussion format and the Personalized System of Instruction format (PSI) are compared by analyzing student evaluations of two sections of a course in production and operations management. Results of a t test, used to identify significant differences, indicate that PSI received higher ratings on most measures. (Author/AEF)

Ferguson, Wade

1981-01-01

485

Person Identification Using Multiple Cues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a person identification system based on acoustic and visual features. The system is organized as a set of non-homogeneous classifiers whose outputs are integrated after a normalization step. In particular, two classifiers based on acoustic features and three based on visual ones provide data for an integration module whose performance is evaluated. A novel technique for the

Roberto Brunelli; Daniele Falavigna

1995-01-01

486

Digital Television: A Personal View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's personal view of interactive digital television and describes how he used digital television to learn. The author describes how he was simulating digital TV while watching analogue TV. The author stresses that interactive digital television has great potential for education and training in the twenty first…

James, Frank

2003-01-01

487

Personal sampler for nitrogen dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new type of personal sampler for gases in air, originally reported from this laboratory, has been adapted to measurement of NO2. The sampler depends on the transfer of NO2 by diffusion to a triethanolamine coated collector at the sealed end of a tube; the open end of the tube is exposed to the test environment. The devices are accurate,

E. D. PALMES; A. F. GUNNISON; J. DiMATTIO; C. TOMCZYK

1976-01-01

488

Social Interaction Involving Depressed Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a study undertaken to examine the reaction of others to the behavior of depressed persons. The general hypotheses of the study are that (1) normal subjects respond differentially to the behavior of depressed patients; (2) this differential response is due to the fact that the target individuals are depressed, and not that…

Coyne, James C.

489

Personal Cloud Computing Security Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is an evolving term these days. It describes the advance of many existing IT technologies and separates application and information resources from the underlying infrastructure. Personal Cloud is the hybrid deployment model that is combined private cloud and public cloud. By and large, cloud orchestration does not exist today. Current cloud service is provided by web browser or

Sang-Ho Na; Jun-Young Park; Eui-nam Huh

2010-01-01

490

A Personalized Plan for Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Personalized learning: Everyone knows it needs to happen, but how? It is one thing to believe in the importance of high school reform. It is quite another to embrace a system that helps every student leave high school with a diploma and plans for postsecondary education or training that lead to productive and self-sufficient adulthoods. This…

Dedmond, Rebecca M.

2005-01-01

491

Personal data and ancillary information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data controllers have been very busy of late, keeping up with all the recent developments and guidance relating to (and the controversy surrounding) data protection. How to respond to data subject access requests (under section 7 of the Data Protection Act 1998 (“the Act”)), including knowing what is “personal data” and knowing when you are obliged to disclose it (and

Colleen Donovan

2004-01-01

492

Personality profiles of Australian anaesthetists.  

PubMed

Identification of personality traits in anaesthetists has potential implications for selection of trainees, assessment of coping strategies during times of stress and may have a role in the analysis of critical incidents. A 24 question postal questionnaire based on the Cattell 16PF inventory was sent to specialist anaesthetists in Australia. One hundred and sixty-seven replies were received (33% response rate). Personality traits did not differ when the anaesthetists were grouped for age, number of years qualified and country of qualification. City practitioners rated themselves more inquisitive than country practitioners did (P = 0.052). Female anaesthetists self-reported they were calm (P = 0.02), patient (P = 0.02) and tolerant (P = 0.02) more often than their male counterparts, whilst more males reported themselves as highly conscientious (P = 0.01). Although some traits were consistent, personality profiles showed significant heterogeneity. Further examination of how personality and coping mechanisms interact may be central to the management of stress and critical incident generation. PMID:10389562

Kluger, M T; Laidlaw, T; Khursandi, D S

1999-06-01

493

Personal exposure to ultrafine particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) can occur while people are cooking, driving, smoking, operating small appliances such as hair dryers, or eating out in restaurants. These exposures can often be higher than outdoor concentrations. For 3 years, portable monitors were employed in homes, cars, and restaurants. More than 300 measurement periods in several homes were documented, along with 25

Lance Wallace; Wayne Ott

2011-01-01

494

Personal Factors in College Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nature and purpose of US colleges is explored within the framework of student development and its relationship to social change. Data were gathered during a 5-year study on the educational, vocational and personality development of 10,000 graduating high school seniors. A strong relationship was found between college entrance, level of…

Trent, James W.

495

Gun Concerns Personal for Duncan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan works with other Obama administration officials on policy responses to the shootings at a Connecticut elementary school, he brings a personal and professional history that has acquainted him with the impact of gun violence. As schools chief in Chicago from 2001 to 2008, he was affected by the gun deaths…

McNeil, Michele

2013-01-01

496

Physical Attractiveness and Personality Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A test of the relationship between physical attractiveness and ego development was completed through an interview study of 294 men and women college students. Ss responded to personality measures assessing identity formation, locus of control, and ego functioning and were rated on facial attractiveness and body form scales. Contrary to the physical attractiveness stereotype, attractive and unattractive Ss did not

Judy Shea; Sharyn M. Crossman; Gerald R. Adams

1978-01-01

497

PERSONS, IDENTITIES, AND SOCIAL INTERACTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT In this paper we hope to advance the general theory of social interaction. We bring together symbolic and sign processes in the context of an elaborated identity theory that relates social situations of interaction to social systems of interaction. Situations contain persons with their histories and unique identity sets, pursuing simultaneous and sometimes conflicting definitions, goals, and agendas. Systems

Lee Freese; Peter J. Burke

498

Cardiac Response and Personality Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the level and variability of cardiac response during complex problem-solving and interposed rest periods and their differing relationships to estimates of personality integration on the Rorschach. Findings suggest cardiac variability may be a more differentiated measure than level of cardiac response. (Author)|

Blatt, Sidney J.; Feirstein, Alan

1977-01-01

499

Calendars in IFPS/Personal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of the Julian period allows the simple calculation of linear calendar dates and date intervals. It has been possible to write simple Gregorian-Julian and Julian-Gregorian calendar algorithms for use with IFPS/Personal. The ability to make a direct...

V. A. Mode

1986-01-01

500

Person Constancy within Developmental Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using findings on the unstability of previously stable physical activity levels of young children as a kind of case study to aid thought about the trait-dimensional approach to developmental continuity and discontinuity, this discussion explores the applicability of a dual theory of concept formation to the problem of personal stability and…

Maccoby, Eleanor E.