Sample records for electronic personal dosemeters

  1. Operational experience of electronic active personal dosemeter and comparison with CaSo4:Dy TL dosemeter in Indian PHWR.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vishwanath P; Managanvi, S S; Bihari, R R; Bhat, H R

    2013-01-01

    Direct reading dosemeter has been used for day-to-day radiation exposure control and management for last four decades in Indian nuclear power plants (NPPs). Recently new real time, alarm and pre-alarm on equivalent dose/dose rate, storage of dose/dose rate and maximum dose rate, user-friendly electronic active personal dosemeter (APD) has been implemented into practice for the first time at Kaiga Atomic Power Station-3&4,  of Indian NPPs. The dosemeter showed tolerance level (L) 0.1085±0.0450 compared with 0.1869±0.0729 (average±SD) for CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter, having narrow range trumpet curve, nil electromagnetic interference. Records of >29 000 for APD and TL dosemeter were analysed for comparasion of the measurement of the individual dose. APD followed general acceptance rule of ±25 % for dose >1 mSv. Monthly Station collective dose by TL dosemeters and APD for normal reactor operation as well as outage are found in good agreement. Operational experiences and statistical analysis support that an APD dosemeter is reasonably equivalent to CaSO4:Dy TL dosemeter. The accuracy, reproducibility and repeatability of the measurement of radiation for (137)Cs are comparable with CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter. Operational experience of APD during the normal operation as well as outage showed as one of the best ALARA tool for occupational dose monitoring, control, management and future outage planning. PMID:23528326

  2. State of the Art in Electronic Dosemeters for Neutrons

    SciTech Connect

    Luszik-Bhadra, Marlies [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2011-05-05

    The paper presents an overview of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons in mixed neutron/photon fields. The energy response of commercially available electronic dosemeters in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields and their performance in working places is discussed. The response curves are extended to high-energy neutrons up to 100 MeV, new prototype dosemeters are described and discussed especially for use at high-energy accelerators and in space.

  3. Performance of the electronic personal dosemeter for neutron 'Saphydose-N' at different workplaces of nuclear facilities.

    PubMed

    Lahaye, T; Chau, Q; Ménard, S; Lacoste, V; Muller, H; Luszik-Bhadra, M; Reginatto, M; Bruguier, P

    2006-01-01

    This paper mainly aims at presenting the measurements and the results obtained with the electronic personal neutron dosemeter Saphydose-N at different facilities. Three campaigns were led in the frame of the European contract EVIDOS ('Evaluation of Individual Dosimetry in Mixed Neutron and Photon Radiation Fields'). The first one consisted in the measurements at the IRSN French research laboratory in reference neutron fields generated by a thermal facility (SIGMA), radionuclide ISO sources ((241)AmBe; (252)Cf; (252)Cf(D(2)O)\\Cd) and a realistic spectrum (CANEL/T400). The second one was performed at the Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant (Germany) close to the boiling water reactor and to a spent fuel transport cask. The third one was realised at Mol (Belgium), at the VENUS Research Reactor and at Belgonucléaire, a fuel processing factory. PMID:16820401

  4. Photon energy dependence of three fortuitous dosemeters from personal electronic devices, measured by optically stimulated luminescence.

    PubMed

    Beerten, Koen; Vanhavere, Filip

    2010-08-01

    New data are presented with regard to the relative OSL sensitivity of three different emergency dosemeters irradiated to various photon energies approximately between 48 and 1250 keV using blue excitation light. Investigated components extracted from commonly worn objects include those from USB flash drives (alumina substrate), mobile phones (Ba-rich silicate) and credit cards (chip card module). Several basic properties have been investigated such as the overall radiation sensitivity, the shape of the decay curve and fading of the OSL signal. An increase of the sensitivity for low energies relative to (60)Co gamma rays can be observed for the three dosemeters, the increase being very pronounced for the Ba-rich component (factor of 10) and less pronounced for the chip card module (factor of 2). It is concluded that proper dose correction factors for photon energy have to be applied in order to accurately determine the absorbed dose to tissue. The OSL sensitivity to neutron irradiation was investigated as well, but this was found to be less than the gamma sensitivity. PMID:20304766

  5. A method for evaluating personal dosemeters in workplace with neutron fields.

    PubMed

    de Freitas Nascimento, Luana; Cauwels, Vanessa; Vanhavere, Filip

    2012-04-01

    Passive detectors, as albedo or track-etch, still dominate the field of neutron personal dosimetry, mainly due to their low-cost, high-reliability and elevated throughput. However, the recent appearance in the market of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons presents a new option for personal dosimetry. In addition to passive detectors, electronic personal dosemeters necessitate correction factors, concerning their energy and angular response dependencies. This paper reports on the results of a method to evaluate personal dosemeters for workplace where neutrons are present. The approach here uses few instruments and does not necessitate a large mathematical workload. Qualitative information on the neutron energy spectrum is acquired using a simple spectrometer (Nprobe), reference values for H*(10) are derived from measurements with ambient detectors (Studsvik, Berthold and Harwell) and angular information is measured using personal dosemeters (electronic and bubbles dosemeters) disposed in different orientations on a slab phantom. PMID:21565843

  6. A TLD-based personal dosemeter system for aircrew monitoring.

    PubMed

    Hajek, M; Berger, T; Vana, N

    2004-01-01

    Evaluation of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLDs) according to the high-temperature ratio (HTR) method enables the determination of the dose-average linear energy transfer (LET), the mean quality factor and the dose equivalent in mixed radiation fields of unknown composition. The neutron contribution is assessed by the Extended Pair method calibrated in the CERN-EU High-Energy Reference Field (CERF). The advantages of the small passive detectors as an easy-to-handle monitoring system for in-flight surveillance are demonstrated by measurements on-board north-bound and trans-equatorial flights. The experimental results are compared with calculations by the well-established CARI code. PMID:15353670

  7. Prediction analysis of dose equivalent responses of neutron dosemeters used at a MOX fuel facility.

    PubMed

    Tsujimura, N; Yoshida, T; Takada, C

    2011-07-01

    To predict how accurately neutron dosemeters can measure the neutron dose equivalent (rate) in MOX fuel fabrication facility work environments, the dose equivalent responses of neutron dosemeters were calculated by the spectral folding method. The dosemeters selected included two types of personal dosemeter, namely a thermoluminescent albedo neutron dosemeter and an electronic neutron dosemeter, three moderator-based neutron survey meters, and one special instrument called an H(p)(10) monitor. The calculations revealed the energy dependences of the responses expected within the entire range of neutron spectral variations observed in neutron fields at workplaces. PMID:21498409

  8. Testing the direct ion storage dosemeter for personal dosimetry in a nuclear research centre and a hospital.

    PubMed

    Vanhavere, F; Covens, P

    2010-03-01

    The direct ion storage (DIS) dosemeter can have some clear advantages in personal dosimetry. Before introducing the DIS into practice in the dosimetry service, a series of tests was performed on the linearity, angular and energy dependence, temperature influences and hard resets. After that, for several months, the DIS dosemeters were worn in parallel with the legal dosemeters (thermoluminescent badge) in a nuclear research centre and in several departments of a university hospital. The conclusions are that the DIS has good characteristics to be used as legal personal dosemeter, and that the comparison with the TLD badge is good. Only in interventional radiology and cardiology fields the DIS gives significant lower values than the TLD badge. PMID:19942626

  9. ENEA personal dosemeters for assessing Hp(10) and Hp(0.07).

    PubMed

    Bedogni, R; Fantuzzi, E; Monteventi, F

    2001-01-01

    Although, at present, neither Italian legislation nor technical protocols require that personal dosimetry is performed to assess Hp(d), the ENEA Individual Monitoring Service (IMS) is able to supply thermoluminescence (TL) whole-body and extremity dosemeters for photon and beta fields, based on LiF(Mg,Cu,P) detectors and these have been fully developed at the ENEA Institute for Radiation Protection (IRP). All irradiation tests have been performed with ISO phantoms and ISO recommended reference radiations at the ENEA-IRP Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory. The whole-body dosemeter contains two LiF(Mg,Cu,P) (GR200) detectors that are filtered differently. One is filtered on both sides by 290 mg.cm-2 mass per area (270 mg.cm-2 Al + 20 mg.cm-2 plastic protective layer); the other is filtered on both sides by a plastic layer of 20 mg.cm-2 mass per area. In photon radiation fields, the maximum uncertainty due to the energy dependence of the response, is +/- 4% for Hp(0.07) in the energy range 13 keV to 202 keV, and +/- 15% for Hp(10) in the range 13 keV to 1.25 MeV. The dosemeter response in terms of Hp(d,alpha) in beta fields has been investigated recently. The results of a EURADOS trial performance test for photon and beta fields are reported and discussed in this paper. The extremity dosemeter currently used at ENEA IMS consists of a GR200 detector glued on a kapton strip identified by a bar code. Its response in terms of Hp(0.07,alpha) has been measured recently and the results are given. Moreover, different dosemeter assemblies have been tested to compare the performances in photon and beta fields. Therefore, the following three constructions have been prepared: (1) an MCP-Ns (8.5 mg.cm-2 mass per area) detector with a Mylar filter of 0.5 mg.cm-2 mass per area; (2) a polyethylene filter of 12 mg.cm-2 mass per area; and (3) a GR200 (210 mg.cm-2 mass per area) detector with a Mylar filter of 0.5 mg.cm-2. Finally, a brief discussion on international and Italian requirements for personal monitoring is given. PMID:11586726

  10. Preliminary studies to develop a personal dosemeter for use by aircraft crew.

    PubMed

    Stokes, R P; Talbot, L

    2001-03-01

    This paper describes preliminary work to develop a cosmic-radiation dosemeter for use by military aircraft crew. The dosemeter is based on a combination of CR-39 etched-track detectors and TLD-700 thermoluminescent detectors. It is intended that the CR-39 be used to assess the neutron dose, while the TLD-700 is used to assess the photon and charged particle dose. The sensitivity of CR-39 to the neutron component of cosmic radiation was estimated by irradiating samples of the plastic at the CERN-CEC High Energy Reference Field Facility. This facility produced a radiation field with a neutron spectrum resembling that of the neutron component of cosmic radiation at typical airflight altitudes. The response of the CR-39 was linear over the range of doses studied (0.2-6.0 mSv) and there was no significant fading in the 6-month period after irradiation. The TLD-700 component of the dosemeter was calibrated using 137Cs gamma rays. The response of the TLD-700 was linear over the range of doses studied (0.01-5.0 mSv) with no significant fading in the 6-month period after irradiation. It was concluded that a combination of CR-39 and TLD-700 detectors would provide an effective cosmic-radiation dosemeter for use by military aircraft crew. PMID:11281525

  11. The implementation in routine of the ENEA new personal photon dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Fantuzzi, E; Mariotti, F; Morelli, B; Uleri, G

    2006-01-01

    The ENEA photon dosemeter, introduced in 1995, consisting of two differently filtrated LiF(Mg,Cu,P) detectors, has been modified recently. The ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) plastic support has been replaced by a new aluminium card supporting the same two detectors (LiF(Mg,Cu,P) GR200). The new card, fully developed at the ENEA-Radiation Protection Institute (which is going to be patented), can now be processed through a Harshaw Model 6600 Automated TLD Reader, a hot gas reader. This paper reports the results of the individual calibration of approximately 60,000 LiF(Mg,Cu,P) GR200 detectors inserted on the new aluminium cards. Before the implementation in routine of the new cards, the reader has been characterised. Steps and tests to be made to use the card in routine (i.e. reader stability, linearity, reproducibility, etc.) are reported. The whole dosimetric system now combines the very good performances of the Harshaw Model 6600 reader and that of LiF(Mg,Cu,P) thermoluminescent material. PMID:16644988

  12. Relative response of alanine dosemeters for high-energy electrons determined using a Fricke primary standard

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sándor Vörös; Mathias Anton; Bénédicte Boillat

    2012-01-01

    A significant proportion of cancer patients is treated using MeV electron radiation. One of the measurement methods which is likely to furnish reliable dose values also under non-reference conditions is the dosimetry using alanine and read-out via electron spin resonance (ESR). The system has already proven to be suitable for QA purposes for modern radiotherapy involving megavoltage x-rays. In order

  13. Energy response of different types of RADOS personal dosemeters with MTS-N (LiF:Mg,Ti) and MCP-N (LiF:Mg,Cu,P) TL detectors.

    PubMed

    Obryk, B; Hranitzky, C; Stadtmann, H; Budzanowski, M; Olko, P

    2011-03-01

    The photon energy response of different RADOS (Mirion Technologies) personal dosemeters with MTS-N (LiF:Mg,Ti) and MCP-N (LiF:Mg,Cu,P) thermoluminescence (TL) detectors was investigated. Three types of badges were applied. The irradiation with reference photon radiation qualities N (the narrow spectrum series), and S-Cs and S-Co nuclide radiation qualities, specified in ISO 4037 [International Organization for Standardization (ISO). X and gamma reference radiations for calibrating dosemeters and doserate meters and for determining their response as a function of photon energy. ISO 4037. Part 1-4 (1999)], in the energy range of 16-1250 keV, were performed at the Dosimetry Laboratory Seibersdorf. The results demonstrated that a readout of a single MTS-N or MCP-N detector under the Al filter can be used to determine Hp(10) according to requirements of IEC 61066 [International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Thermoluminescence dosimetry systems for personal and environmental monitoring. International Standard IEC 61066 (2006)] for TL systems for personal dosimetry. The new RADOS badge with the experimental type of a holder (i.e. Cu/Al filters) is a very good tool for identifying the radiation quality (photon energy). PMID:21227957

  14. Response of dosemeters in the radiation field generated by a TW-class laser system.

    PubMed

    Olšovcová, V; Klír, D; Krása, J; Kr?s, M; Velyhan, A; Zelenka, Z; Rus, B

    2014-10-01

    State-of-the-art laser systems are able to generate ionising radiation of significantly high energies by focusing ultra-short and intense pulses onto targets. Thus, measures ensuring the radiation protection of both working personnel and the general public are required. However, commercially available dosemeters are primarily designed for measurement in continuous fields. Therefore, it is important to explore their response to very short pulses. In this study, the responses of dosemeters in a radiation field generated by iodine high-power and Ti:Sapphire laser systems are examined in proton and electron acceleration experiments. Within these experiments, electron bunches of femtosecond pulse duration and 100-MeV energy and proton bunches with sub-nanosecond pulse duration and energy of several megaelectronvolts were generated in single-shot regimes. Responses of typical detectors (TLD, films and electronic personal dosemeter) were analysed and compared. Further, a first attempt was carried out to characterise the radiation field generated by TW-class laser systems. PMID:24563524

  15. Electronic Travel Aids for Blind Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Everett W.; Bradfield, Anna L.

    1987-01-01

    The article describes four of the most widely accepted and utilized Electronic Travel Aids for blind persons--the Lindsay Russell Pathsounder, the Mowat Sensor, the Sonicguide, and the C-5 Laser Cane. Current uses and applications of the four aids for specific populations of visually impaired persons are discussed. (Author)

  16. High-energy response of passive dosemeters in use at LANL.

    PubMed

    Olsher, Richard H; McLean, Thomas D; Mallett, Michael W; Romero, Leonard L; Devine, Robert T; Hoffman, Jeffrey M

    2007-01-01

    The high-energy neutron response of three passive dosemeters in use at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been investigated using metrology-grade fields. The dosemeters include the LANL Model 8823 TLD badge and the LANL PN3 track etch device. Both are dosemeters of record at LANL. The third device was the Personal Neutron Dosemeter (PND), a superheated emulsion device, manufactured by Bubble Technology Industries, Inc. (BTI). The response of the three dosemeters at neutron energies exceeding 10 MeV was assessed with monoenergetic neutrons at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt facility (14.8 and 19 MeV). For the sake of completeness, data collected at lower energies are also included in this study. High-energy quasi-monoenergetic beams produced by the cyclotron facilities at the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) and the The Svedberg Laboratory (TSL) were also utilised as part of this study. These measurements were made to better understand and help interpret dosemeter readings obtained by workers at high-energy accelerators, such as the 800 MeV spallation neutron source facility located at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). PMID:17522036

  17. 75 FR 45696 - Pipeline Safety: Personal Electronic Device Related Distractions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-03

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...Docket No. PHMSA-2010-0194] Pipeline Safety: Personal Electronic Device Related Distractions AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety...

  18. Uncertainties in dosemeter intercomparison techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, R. M.; Rawlings, D. J.

    1996-03-01

    The results of 180 intercomparisons of field dosemeters with an NPL secondary-standard exposure meter (type 2560, with a type 2561 chamber) have been analysed in order to study variations in readings when ionization chambers are interchanged during the comparison process. It is suggested that the percentage standard error of the mean of the combined series of chamber intercomparisons be used to set a target uncertainty (0.3%), action level (0.5%) and limit of acceptability (1.0%). The target uncertainty is consistent with IAEA estimates of uncertainty for this part of the calibration chain. It is shown that if the calibration procedure is repeated, the percentage difference between the geometric means calculated from each calibration (i.e. a single interchange of chambers) may be as high as . This reinforces the need for at least one repetition of the intercomparison procedure.

  19. Fast neutron dosemeter using pixelated detector Timepix.

    PubMed

    Bulanek, Boris; Ekendahl, Daniela; Prouza, Zdenek

    2014-10-01

    A Timepix detector covered with polyethylene convertors of different thicknesses is presented as a fast neutron real-time dosemeter. The application of different weighting factors in connection with the position of a signal in a Timepix detector enables one to obtain an energy-dependent signal equal to neutron dose equivalents. A simulation of a Timepix detector covered with polyethylene convertors using monoenergetic neutrons is presented. The experimental set-up of a dosemeter was also produced. The first results of detector response using different fast neutron sources are presented. PMID:24277875

  20. Hp(0.07) photon irradiations at Seibersdorf for the EURADOS extremity dosemeter intercomparison 2009.

    PubMed

    Stadtmann, H; Hranitzky, C

    2011-03-01

    In August 2009, almost 1000 passive extremity dosemeters were irradiated at the Dosimetry Laboratory Seibersdorf as part of the EURADOS intercomparison IC2009. Forty-four European individual monitoring services participated, with a total of 59 dosimetry systems (46 finger ring, 4 finger tip and 9 wrist/ankle dosemeter systems). Additionally, finger-ring dosemeters from the Dosimetry Service Seibersdorf were irradiated in a non-competitive manner. Dosemeter irradiations on rod and pillar phantoms in four photon-radiation fields complying with the ISO standard 4037 were performed with personal dose equivalent values (H(p)(0.07)) ranging from 4 to 480 mSv. Traceability was established by using an air-kerma-calibrated monitor ionisation chamber together with the X-ray facility as well as a calibrated (137)Cs gamma radiation field with a collimated beam geometry. The ISO-tabulated conversion coefficients from air kerma free-in-air to H(p)(0.07) were applied, resulting in the main contribution to the expanded measurement uncertainties. PMID:21208935

  1. Designing an Electronic Personal Health Record for Professional Iranian Athletes

    PubMed Central

    Abdolkhani, Robab; Halabchi, Farzin; Safdari, Reza; Dargahi, Hossein; Shadanfar, Kamran

    2014-01-01

    Background: By providing sports organizations with electronic records and instruments that can be accessed at any time or place, specialized care can be offered to athletes regardless of injury location, and this makes the follow-up from first aid through to full recovery more efficient. Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop an electronic personal health record for professional Iranian athletes. Patients and Methods: First, a comparative study was carried out on the types of professional athletes’existing handheld and electronic health information management systems currently being used in Iran and leading countries in the field of sports medicine including; Australia, Canada and the United States. Then a checklist was developed containing a minimum dataset of professional athletes’ personal health records and distributed to the people involved, who consisted of 50 specialists in sports medicine and health information management, using the Delphi method. Through the use of data obtained from this survey, a basic paper model of professional athletes' personal health record was constructed and then an electronic model was created accordingly. Results: Access to information in the electronic record was through a web-based, portal system. The capabilities of this system included: access to information at any time and location, increased interaction between the medical team, comprehensive reporting and effective management of injuries, flexibility and interaction with financial, radiology and laboratory information systems. Conclusions: It is suggested that a framework should be created to promote athletes’ medical knowledge and provide the education necessary to manage their information. This would lead to improved data quality and ultimately promote the health of community athletes. PMID:25741410

  2. An environmental-level, real-time, pulsed photon dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Olsher, R H; Frymire, A; Gregoire, T

    2005-01-01

    Radiation sources producing short pulses of photon radiation are widespread. Such sources include electron linear accelerators and field emission impulse generators. It is often desirable to measure leakage and skyshine radiation for these sources in real time and at environmental levels as low as 0.02 microSv per pulse. This note provides an overview of the design and performance of a commercial, real-time, pulsed photon dosemeter (PPD) capable of single-pulse dose measurements over the range from 0.02 to 20 microSv. The PPD may also be operated in a multiple-pulse mode that integrates the dose from a train of pulses over a 3 s period. A pulse repetition rate of up to 300 Hz is accommodated. PMID:15769803

  3. Personal Electronic Devices and Their Interference with Aircraft Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ross, Elden; Ely, Jay J. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    A compilation of data on personal electronic devices (PEDs) attributed to having created anomalies with aircraft systems. Charts and tables display 14 years of incidents reported by pilots to the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS). Affected systems, incident severity, sources of anomaly detection, and the most frequently identified PEDs are some of the more significant data. Several reports contain incidents of aircraft off course when all systems indicated on course and of critical events that occurred during landings and takeoffs. Additionally, PEDs that should receive priority in testing are identified.

  4. A neutron dosemeter for nuclear criticality accidents.

    PubMed

    d'Errico, F; Curzio, G; Ciolini, R; Del Gratta, A; Nath, R

    2004-01-01

    A neutron dosemeter which offers instant read-out has been developed for nuclear criticality accidents. The system is based on gels containing emulsions of superheated dichlorodifluoromethane droplets, which vaporise into bubbles upon neutron irradiation. The expansion of these bubbles displaces an equivalent volume of gel into a graduated pipette, providing an immediate measure of the dose. Instant read-out is achieved using an array of transmissive optical sensors which consist of coupled LED emitters and phototransistor receivers. When the gel displaced in the pipette crosses the sensing region of the photomicrosensors, it generates a signal collected on a computer through a dedicated acquisition board. The performance of the device was tested during the 2002 International Accident Dosimetry Intercomparison in Valduc, France. The dosemeter was able to follow the initial dose gradient of a simulated accident, providing accurate values of neutron kerma; however, the emulsion was rapidly depleted of all its drops. A model of the depletion effects was developed and it indicates that an adequate dynamic range of the dose response can be achieved by using emulsions of smaller droplets. PMID:15353696

  5. Personal health records as portal to the electronic medical record.

    PubMed

    Cahill, Jennifer E; Gilbert, Mark R; Armstrong, Terri S

    2014-03-01

    This topic review discusses the evolving clinical challenges associated with the implementation of electronic personal health records (PHR) that are fully integrated with electronic medical records (EMR). The benefits of facilitating patient access to the EMR through web-based, PHR-portals may be substantial; foremost is the potential to enhance the flow of information between patient and healthcare practitioner. The benefits of improved communication and transparency of care are presumed to be a reduction in clinical errors, increased quality of care, better patient-management of disease, and better disease and symptom comprehension. Yet PHR databases allow patients open access to newly-acquired clinical data without the benefit of concurrent expert clinical interpretation, and therefore may create the potential for greater patient distress and uncertainty. With specific attention to neuro-oncology patients, this review focuses on the developing conflicts and consequences associated with the use of a PHR that parallels data acquisition of the EMR in real-time. We conclude with a discussion of recommendations for implementing fully-integrated PHR for neuro-oncology patients. PMID:24477621

  6. 75 FR 15413 - Approval for Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-29

    ...for Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal Navigation Devices), Fort Worth...Board (the Board) adopts the following Order: Whereas, ATC Logistics & Electronics, an operator of Foreign-Trade Zone...

  7. Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters

    SciTech Connect

    Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

    1992-08-01

    Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

  8. Establishing a Personal Electronic Health Record in the Rhine-Neckar Region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oliver Heinze; Antje Brandner; Björn Bergh

    2009-01-01

    We present the underlying vision, the approach, the current status and the gained experiences in the attempt to establish a personal and electronic health record (PEHR) system in the Rhine-Neckar Region. First, an electronic health record (EHR) shall be implemented, which is in a second step expanded by a personal health record (PHR) in order to form a PEHR. Integration

  9. Emergency Dosimetry Using Ceramic Components in Personal Electronic Devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouroukla, E. C.; Bailiff, I. K.; Terry, I.

    2014-02-01

    The rapid assessment of radiation dose to members of the public exposed to significant levels of ionizing radiation during a radiological incident presents a significant difficulty in the absence of planned radiation monitoring. However, within most personal electronic devices components such as resistors with alumina substrates can be found that have potentially suitable properties as solid state dosimeters using luminescence measurement techniques. The suitability of several types of ceramic-based components (e.g., resonators, inductors and resistors) has been previously examined using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) techniques to establish their basic characteristics for the retrospective determination of absorbed dose. In this paper, we present results obtained with aluminum oxide surface mount resistors extracted from mobile phones that further extend this work. Very encouraging results have been obtained related to the measurement of luminescence sensitivity, dose response, reusability, limit of detection, signal reproducibility and known-dose recovery. However, the alumina exhibits a rapid loss of the latent luminescence signal with time following irradiation attributed to athermal (or anomalous) fading. The issues related to obtaining a reliable correction protocol for this loss and the detailed examinations required of the fading behavior are discussed.

  10. An Application of Mobile Agents as Personal Assistents in Electronic Commerce

    E-print Network

    Roth, Volker

    An Application of Mobile Agents as Personal Assistents in Electronic Commerce Volker Roth1, Mehrdad the assistant organises the catering of a birthday party. Keywords: mobile agents, electronic commerce that performs them. Information gathering and electronic commerce are applica- tion areas in which mobile agent

  11. 1. Recycle all bottles and cans 2. Recycle all personal electronics

    E-print Network

    Howitt, Ivan

    RECYCLING 1. Recycle all bottles and cans 2. Recycle all personal electronics 3. Bring your own PREVENTION 32. Dispose of all cigarette butts properly 33. Use cloth napkins as much as possible 34. Reuse

  12. RIS-M-2247 A CALORIMETRIC THERMAL NEUTRON DOSEMETER

    E-print Network

    . The thermal flux density pattern in the irradiation facilities of a research reactor is subject to slow neutron dose. In the 5 silicon irradiation rigs in the DR 3 reactor thermal neutron dosemeters applying characteristics of the silicon material. The most convenient arrangement seen from a practical point of view

  13. Automation of radiation dosimetry using PTW dosemeter and LabVIEW™

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, C.; Al-Frouh, K.; Anjak, O.

    2011-10-01

    Automation of UNIDOS "Dosemeter" using personal computer (PC) is discussed in this paper. In order to save time and eliminate human operation errors during the radiation dosimetry, suitable software, using LabVIEW™ graphical programming language, was written to automate and facilitate the processes of measurements, analysis and data storage. The software calculates the calibration factor of the ionization chamber in terms of air kerma or absorbed dose to water according to IAEA dosimetry protocols. It also has the ability to print a calibration certificate. The obtained results using this software are found to be more reliable and flexible than those obtained by manual methods previously employed. Using LabVIEW™ as a development tool is extremely convenient to make things easier when software modifications and improvements are needed.

  14. Two-dimensional differential calibration method for a neutron dosemeter using a thermal neutron beam.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Tetsuro; Harano, Hideki; Masuda, Akihiko; Nishiyama, Jun; Matsue, Hideaki; Uritani, Akira; Nunomiya, Tomoya

    2013-08-01

    A new thermal neutron calibration method to experimentally determine the energy response function of a neutron detector using a pulse parallel beam and the time-of-flight (TOF) technique is developed. The calibration method was experimentally demonstrated for a (3)He proportional counter and an electric personal dosemeter using a pulsed thermal neutron beam from the research reactor JRR-3M. The responses of the detectors were successfully obtained as a function of neutron energy. However, detailed information on the detector structure is required to obtain the spatial response distribution for the detector. The authors further propose an improved calibration method obtaining the spatial response distribution using a pulsed narrow beam, the TOF technique and a beam scanning technique. PMID:23509397

  15. Personalization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shore, Rebecca Martin

    1996-01-01

    Describes how a typical high school in Huntington Beach, California, curbed disruptive student behavior by personalizing the school experience for "problem" students. Through mostly volunteer efforts, an adopt-a-kid program was initiated that matched kids' learning styles to adults' personality styles and resulted in fewer suspensions and numerous…

  16. Copyright Malcolm J Prowle 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only The Future of UK Public

    E-print Network

    Evans, Paul

    Copyright Malcolm J Prowle 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only Page 2009 #12;Copyright Malcolm J Prowle 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the permission of the author #12

  17. Beyond the Electronic Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Web Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Ellen R.; Hibbitts, Bernard J.

    2004-01-01

    The electronic portfolio (e-portfolio) is higher education's new "got to have it" tool--the show-and-tell platform of the millennium. Hundreds of academic institutions are variously studying, using, or innovating e-portfolio systems. Indeed, the current e-portfolio movement is spawning new university committees; on-campus training modules, books,…

  18. A Desire for the Personal: Student Perceptions of Electronic Feedback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budge, Kylie

    2011-01-01

    An earlier study conducted into tertiary student perceptions of feedback on their work revealed a mixed response to the idea of electronic feedback. This result was surprising considering the attention given to Generation Y and the preference for digital technology in their lives. This paper reports on the results of a follow-up study exploring a…

  19. Electronic Method to Detect Persons Hidden Within Cargo containers

    SciTech Connect

    Fuller, G.M.

    1997-11-10

    Physical security technologies have been unable to address most `Trojan Horse' scenarios at vehicle portals which provide access through the perimeter of a secure area. Thorough visual searches of vehicle cargo containers are time consuming, involve a number of security personnel and are cursory at best. Vehicles entering or exiting a protected site provide an adversary with an easy pathway across secure boundaries. A method to detect the presence of persons hiding within a vehicle's enclosed cargo container has been developed by LQckheed Martin Energy Systems. The system measures vibrations coupled to the container and generated by the human heart. Each time the human heart beats, it generates a small but measurable shock wave. This shock wave is propagated through the body and transmitted to anything with which the body has contact. This wave is referred to as a baflistocardiograrn and is the mechanical equivalent to an electrocardiogram. Systems have been installed in several State prisons and have been independently tested and evaluated. The effectiveness of the system has been determined by the Thunder Mountain Evaluation Center at Fort Huachuca. Arizona. Sympathetic vibrations of the cargo container's surface can be collected using any of several detection methods, i.e. infrared, Doppler microwave, Doppler ultrasonic wave and geophones. The analog signal delivered by the sensors is passed through an amplifier and a low pass filter and then fed to a microprocessor via an analog to digital converter. When initiated by the operator, anafog signals are recorded for a specific interval of time and rate. At the end of the recording intervaL the data are analysed using wavelet transform techniques and compared with a ballistocardiographic template. If the collected data are similar, the system informs the operator that there is a high degree of probability that a person is within the vehicle. The paper describes in depth the development of the system, system operation, and system software and hardware, and discusses the algorithm, current development activities, testing, and actual usage of the system for the protection of nuclear facilities and State prisons. It focuses on technologies being evaluated for future iterations of the system and applications other than the protection of perimeters.

  20. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society. PMID:24699375

  1. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-04-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society.

  2. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society. PMID:24699375

  3. Superheated emulsions as high-energy neutron dosemeters.

    PubMed

    Das, Mala; Sawamura, Teruko; Abe, Masashi; Kaneko, Junichi H; Homma, Akira; Fujita, Fumiyuki; Tsuda, Shuichi; Nishitani, Takeo

    2004-01-01

    Superheated emulsions being inexpensive, easy to fabricate, and having tissue equivalent composition make them as one of the popular neutron dosemeters. One more advantage is that they can be made insensitive to gamma rays by the choice of the sensitive liquid. It is observed that the response of commercially available bubble detector to neutron decreases above 20 MeV while its response is roughly flat in the 0.1-15 MeV region. This restricts its application as a dosemeter to high-energy neutrons. The response of bubble detector from Bubble Technology Industries, has been observed by using Pb-breeder for high-energy neutrons from different facilities in Japan. It is observed that 2-3 cm Pb-breeder is effective in increasing the response of the detector to the nominal value. Theoretical calculation using MCNPX code indicates an increase in neutrons in the energy range of 0.1-10 MeV with Pb-breeder. The present work indicates the possibility of using the bubble detector as a dosemeter to high-energy neutron using a Pb-breeder of proper thickness. PMID:15353668

  4. PETS: A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories Jaime Montemayor, Allison Druin, & Jim Hendler

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Page 1 PETS: A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories Jaime Montemayor, Allison Druin, & Jim Hendler of many stories that children have written with the help of PETS (Druin et al. 1999a). The author robots. As you read on, PETS will be further described. Our motivations behind building

  5. PETS: A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories Jaime Montemayor, Allison Druin, & Jim Hendler

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Page 1 PETS: A Personal Electronic Teller of Stories Jaime Montemayor, Allison Druin, & Jim Hendler stories that children have written with the help of PETS (Druin et al. 1999a). The author of Michelle did read on, PETS will be further described. Our motivations behind building such an interactive robotic

  6. A Quantitative Exploration of the Relationship between Patient Health and Electronic Personal Health Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hines, Denise Williams

    2009-01-01

    The use of electronic personal health records is becoming increasingly more popular as healthcare providers, healthcare and government leaders, and patients are seeking ways to improve healthcare quality and to decrease costs (Abrahamsen, 2007). This quantitative, descriptive correlational study examined the relationship between the degree of…

  7. Performance of the EPD-N2 dosemeter for monitoring aircrew doses.

    PubMed

    Scherpelz, R I; Cezeaux, J R

    2015-03-01

    United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew fly at altitudes and for durations where doses from cosmic radiation are significant enough to warrant monitoring. This study evaluated a candidate radiological monitoring system for USAF aircrew, the Thermo Scientific electronic personnel dosemeter (EPD-N2). The evaluation consisted of characterising the device in a well-characterised radiation field at a European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) accelerator, and aboard an USAF aircraft. The performance of the EPDs was evaluated by comparison with accepted values for dose at the CERN facility, comparison with the value calculated by flight dose software and comparison with the value estimated by a tissue-equivalent proportional counter aboard the aircraft. This study recommends that a correction factor of 1/CF = 1/3.9 be applied to EPD-N2 measurements aboard aircraft flights. The uncertainty in this correction factor is 11.8 %. PMID:25108394

  8. Design and Evaluation of a Protocol to Assess Electronic Travel Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.; van der Velde, Hanneke; Pinkster, J. Christiaan; Kooijman, Aart C.

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated a protocol that was developed to assess how beneficial electronic travel aids are for persons who are visually impaired. Twenty persons with visual impairments used an electronic travel device (Trekker) for six weeks to conform to the protocol, which proved useful in identifying successful users of the device. (Contains 2…

  9. New concept of IEC standards for radiation protection dosemeters.

    PubMed

    Ambrosi, P; Behrens, R

    2008-01-01

    The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) develops new standards for radiation protection dosemeters which follow a new concept. They are much more flexible in detail, but still ensure the same measurement quality. They are, for example, no longer specific for the detector type, but rather specific for the measurement task, e.g. for individual monitoring with active direct-reading instruments. Another example is that they are flexible with respect to the ranges of influence quantities. The conceptual changes are described in this paper, together with the advantages this new concept provides for manufacturers, users and legislators. PMID:18420572

  10. Interoperability of electronic health records and personal health records: key interoperability issues associated with information exchange.

    PubMed

    Pringle, Simone; Lippitt, Alex

    2009-01-01

    As patients receive medical care, their clinical history may be tracked and recorded by multiple electronic systems developed by independent vendors. Medical providers might use electronic health record (EHR) software tailored to the needs of trained medical personnel, whereas patients may interact with personal health records (PHR). The purpose of this essay is to identify the key interoperability issues associated with the information exchange between these two types of systems and offer an approach for enhancing interoperability. This article is part of a series of unpublished essays titled A Community View on How Personal Health Records Can Improve Patient Care and Outcomes in Many Healthcare Settings, a collaborative project of Northern Illinois Physicians For Connectivity and the Coalition for Quality and Patient Safety of Chicagoland. For further information on how you can obtain copies of the complete work, contact the principle Dr. Stasia Kahn at Stash5@sbcglobal.net. PMID:19663162

  11. Web-Based Personal-Centered Electronic Health Record for Elderly Population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eung-Hun Kim; Sneha Modi; David Fang; Cheong B. Soh; Anne Herbaugh; Sally Shinstrom; W. B. Lober; B. Zierler; Y. Kim

    2006-01-01

    Increasing acceptance and availability of information and communication technology (ICT) have made the development and implementation of Web-based electronic personal health records (PHRs) more feasible. Previous studies have demonstrated the PHR's potential to alleviate limitations in traditional healthcare delivery. However, this type of technology-dependent approach inherits the vulnerabilities of exposing the society to its own share of inequality (i.e., \\

  12. A comparison of personal dose equivalent measurements made by personal dosemeters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cechak, T.; Davidkova, J.; Kodl, O.; Novacek, P.; Papirnik, P.; Petrova, K.; Prasek, P.; Martincik, J.; Sochor, V.

    2014-11-01

    Individual monitoring services for external radiation were tested in the Czech Republic. The results of the tests show that they are dosimetry systems authorized and regularly tested in the Czech Republic having outliers for low energy region and angle of 50 degree and greater. With the highest probability, it can be stated that the processing equipment does not determine the angle of exposure reliably. These cases may have caused overestimations of Hp(10) in the special conditions occurring e.g. in interventional radiology and cardiology procedures.

  13. The road to hot electron photochemistry at surfaces: A personal recollection

    SciTech Connect

    Gadzuk, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

    2012-09-07

    A very important part of contemporary fs-laser surface photochemistry (SPC) is based on a proposed mechanism in which a laser pulse incident upon an adsorbate-covered surface photoexcites substrate electrons which in turn inelastically scatter from atoms and molecules (chemists may call them 'reactants') in or on the surface. The present narrative outlines my own very personal SPC saga that began with early exposure to the wonders of and fascination with inelastic resonant electron scattering from gas phase atoms and molecules that dominated the Atomic and Electron Physics activities at NBS (now NIST) in 1968 when I arrived. How this lead to a fundamental understanding of important aspects of SPC is the focus of this essay.

  14. 1983 ORNL intercomparison of personnel neutron and gamma dosemeters

    SciTech Connect

    Swaja, R.E.; Sims, C.S.; Greene, R.T.

    1985-01-01

    The Ninth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was conducted during April 19-21, 1983, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dosemeters from 33 participating agencies were mounted on water-filled polyethylene elliptical phantoms and exposed to a range of low-level dose equivalents (0.02-0.45 mSv gamma and 0.49-11.14 mSv neutron) which could be encountered during routine personnel monitoring in mixed radiation fields. The Health Physics Research Reactor served as the radiation source for six separate exposures which used four different shield conditions: unshielded and shielded with steel, steel/concrete, and concrete. Results of the neutron measurements indicate that it is not unusual for dose equivalent estimates made under the same conditions by different agencies to differ by more than a factor of 2. Albedo systems, which were the most popular neutron monitors in this study, provided the most accurate results with CR-39 recoil track being least accurate. Track and film neutron systems exhibited problems providing measurable indication of neutron exposure at dose equivalents of about 0.50 mSv. Gamma measurements showed that TLD and film systems generally overestimated dose equivalents in the mixed radiation fields with film exhibiting significant problems providing measurable indication of gamma exposure at dose equivalents lower than about 0.15 mSv. Under the conditions of this study in which exposures were carefully controlled and participants had information concerning exposure conditions and incident spectra prior to dosemeter analysis, only slightly more than half of all neutron and gamma dose equivalent estimates met regulatory accuracy standards relative to reference values. These results indicate that continued improvement of mixed-field personnel dosimetry is required by many participating organizations. 15 references, 30 tables.

  15. Factories: The Ionising Radiations (Sealed Sources) (Radiation Dosemeter and Dose Rate Meter) Order, 1961 

    E-print Network

    Hare, John

    1961-01-01

    This Order prescribes the particulars to be contained In registers kept in pursuance of paragraph (3) of Regulation 13 of the Ionising Radiations (Sealed Sources) Regulations, 1961, of every test of a radiation dosemeter or dose rate meter....

  16. An estimate of the propagated uncertainty for a dosemeter algorithm used for personnel monitoring.

    PubMed

    Veinot, K G

    2015-03-01

    The Y-12 National Security Complex utilises thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs) to monitor personnel for external radiation doses. The TLD consist of four elements positioned behind various filters, and dosemeters are processed on site and input into an algorithm to determine worker dose. When processing dosemeters and determining the dose equivalent to the worker, a number of steps are involved, including TLD reader calibration, TLD element calibration, corrections for fade and background, and inherent sensitivities of the dosemeter algorithm. In order to better understand the total uncertainty in calculated doses, a series of calculations were performed using certain assumptions and measurement data. Individual contributions to the uncertainty were propagated through the process, including final dose calculations for a number of representative source types. Although the uncertainty in a worker's calculated dose is not formally reported, these calculations can be used to verify the adequacy of a facility's dosimetry process. PMID:25009187

  17. A comparison of the response of PADC neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields.

    PubMed

    Trompier, F; Boschung, M; Buffler, A; Domingo, C; Cale, E; Chevallier, M-A; Esposito, A; Ferrarini, M; Geduld, D R; Hager, L; Hohmann, E; Mayer, S; Musso, A; Romero-Esposito, M; Röttger, S; Smit, F D; Sashala Naik, A; Tanner, R; Wissmann, F; Caresana, M

    2014-10-01

    Within the framework of the EURADOS Working Group 11, a comparison of passive neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields was organised in 2011. The aim of the exercise was to evaluate the response of poly-allyl-glycol-carbonate neutron dosemeters from various European dosimetry laboratories to high-energy neutron fields. Irradiations were performed at the iThemba LABS facility in South Africa with neutrons having energies up to 66 and 100 MeV. PMID:24298170

  18. Feasibility study of extremity dosemeter based on polyallyldiglycolcarbonate (CR-39) for neutron exposure.

    PubMed

    Chau, Q; Bruguier, P

    2007-01-01

    In nuclear facilities, some activities such as reprocessing, recycling and production of bare fuel rods expose the workers to mixed neutron-photon fields. For several workplaces, particularly in glove boxes, some workers expose their hands to mixed fields. The mastery of the photon extremity dosimetry is relatively good, whereas the neutron dosimetry still raises difficulties. In this context, the Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) has proposed a study on a passive neutron extremity dosemeter based on chemically etched CR-39 (PADC: polyallyldiglycolcarbonate), named PN-3, already used in routine practice for whole body dosimetry. This dosemeter is a chip of plastic sensitive to recoil protons. The chemical etching process amplifies the size of the impact. The reading system for tracks counting is composed of a microscope, a video camera and an image analyser. This system is combined with the dose evaluation algorithm. The performance of the dosemeter PN-3 has been largely studied and proved by several laboratories in terms of passive individual neutron dosemeter which is used in routine production by different companies. This study focuses on the sensitivity of the extremity dosemeter, as well as its performance in the function of the level of the neutron energy. The dosemeter was exposed to monoenergetic neutron fields in laboratory conditions and to mixed fields in glove boxes at workplaces. PMID:17502314

  19. Personalized Fall Risk Assessment Tool by using the Data Treasure contained in Mobile Electronic Patient Records.

    PubMed

    Eryilmaz, Elif; Ahrndt, Sebastian; Fähndrich, Johannes; Albayrak, Sahin

    2014-01-01

    This work presents a novel approach for combining multiple Electronic Patient Records (EPRs) to a self-learning fall risk assessment tool. This tool is used by a new type of home-visiting nurses to track the fall risk of their patients. In order to provide personalized healthcare for elderly people, we combine multiple EPRs using an agent-based architecture, where each patient is represented by an associated agent. The patient agents are enabled to negotiate about possible fallrisk indicators recognized in the specific patient population under care. We use distributed information fusion and opinion aggregation techniques to elaborate new fall-risk indicators and in consequence to adapt the fall risk assessment tool. PMID:25160214

  20. Electronic Personal Health Records for Childhood Cancer Survivors: An Exploratory Study.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Lisa K; Carvalho, Priscilla; Southward, Matthew; Schmidt, Mary Lou; Jabine, Leslie N; Stolley, Melinda R; Gerber, Ben S

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors have complex healthcare needs that may be effectively communicated using electronic personal health records. This study explores the knowledge, interest, and attitudes of a sample of survivors and some of their caregivers towards electronic personal health records (ePHRs). Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in a pediatric hematology-oncology clinic and associated survivorship clinic with a convenience sample of caregivers of survivors who were <14 years old and survivors ?14 years old along with their caregivers when present. A semi-structured interview was conducted with survivors and some caregivers to understand their knowledge, interest, and attitudes towards adoption of ePHRs. Results: Interviews were completed with 11 caregivers of young survivors, four survivors alone, and five survivor-caregiver dyads. Survivors ranged in age at diagnosis from 1 to 17 years old. Among the ethnically diverse sample, approximately half of the nine survivors and 25% of 16 caregivers reported having some knowledge of ePHRs. Eighty-nine percent (8/9) of the survivors and 81% (13/16) of the caregivers reported that they were somewhat or very comfortable using the internet. All nine survivors and 75% of caregivers were interested in the adoption of ePHRs. Data security and privacy were the primary concerns expressed. Conclusions: Interest in adoption of ePHRs to manage cancer survivorship-related health information was high. Most felt that the privacy and security concerns would not prevent adoption. Additional research is needed on larger and more representative samples of survivors to understand what types of support and education are needed to effectively implement ePHRs. PMID:25276495

  1. Perceptions of chronically ill and healthy consumers about electronic personal health records: a comparative empirical investigation

    PubMed Central

    Cocosila, Mihail; Archer, Norm

    2014-01-01

    Objective To develop a model of consumer perceptions of electronic personal health records (PHRs) and validate it in a comparative study between consumers who report having a chronic illness and those who report being well. Materials and methods A model of PHR use motivators and barriers was built and tested through a national survey across Canada. Data were collected from 800 individuals, 18?years or older. Half reported having a chronic illness or disability and half reported being well. Analyses were performed with structural equation modelling techniques. Results A total of 389 answers from chronically ill and 383 from well participants were collected. Perceived usefulness was the key explanation of the intention to use PHRs for both ill and well people (total effect of 0.601 and 0.565, respectively) followed by security, privacy and trust in PHRs (total effect of 0.377 and 0.479, respectively). Conversely, computer anxiety was perceived as a significant barrier (total effect of ?0.327 for ill individuals and ?0.212 for well individuals). Discussion The model proposed was appropriate in explaining key consumer positive and negative perceptions on electronic PHR use. We found little difference in perceptions of electronic PHRs between chronically ill and well individuals, although self-reporting their health status might have influenced the results. Conclusions To increase the adoption rate of electronic PHRs among both chronically ill and well consumers it is necessary to reinforce consumer perceptions of the usefulness of and trust in these eHealth technologies while mitigating their anxieties about computer use in general. PMID:25056975

  2. The Development of an Indoor Mobility Course for the Evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; de Witte, Luc P.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To develop a suitable mobility course for the assessment of mobility performance as part of a user evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation. Method: A review of the literature led to a list of critical factors for the assessment of mobility performance of persons who are visually impaired.…

  3. Review of Twenty-First Century Portable Electronic Devices for Persons with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mechling, Linda C.

    2011-01-01

    Use of portable electronic devices by persons with moderate intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders is gaining increased research attention. The purpose of this review was to synthesize twenty-first century literature (2000-2010) focusing on these technologies. Twenty-one studies were identified which evaluated use of: (a) handheld…

  4. Independent evaluation of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters for environmental monitoring.

    PubMed

    Timilsina, Bindu; Gesell, Thomas F

    2011-01-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters (manufactured by Landauer®) are reported to have a high degree of environmental stability, high level of sensitivity and provide wide range of dose measuring capabilities from 0.05 mGy to 100 Gy. The optical read out method is fast and relatively simple and permits repeated read out, but few studies have been performed about its application in monitoring radiation in the environment. This study was initiated to independently test the performance of OSL dot dosemeters for the application of measuring doses of radiation in the outdoor environment. Testing was performed in the laboratory to evaluate reproducibility and stability and in the field to evaluate accuracy relative to calibrated high-pressure ionisation chambers. The results showed that OSL dot dosemeters had good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and field tests and met the performance requirements of standards of the American National Standards Institute. PMID:20947590

  5. Operational comparison of TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detectors in fuel fabrication facilities.

    PubMed

    Tsujimura, N; Takada, C; Yoshida, T; Momose, T

    2007-01-01

    The authors carried out an operational study that compared the use of TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detector in plutonium environments of Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, Tokai Works. A selected group of workers engaged in the fabrication process of MOX (Plutonium-Uranium mixed oxide) fuel wore both TLD albedo dosemeters and solid state nuclear tracks detectors. The TL readings were generally proportional to the counted etch-pits, and thus the dose equivalent results obtained from TLD albedo dosemeter agreed with those from solid state nuclear tracks detector within a factor of 1.5. This result indicates that, in the workplaces of the MOX fuel plants, the neutron spectrum remained almost constant in terms of time and space, and the appropriate range of field-specific correction with spectrum variations was small in albedo dosimetry. PMID:17337735

  6. Evaluating two extremity dosemeters based on LiF:Mg,Ti or LiF:Mg,Cu,P.

    PubMed

    Luo, L Z; Velbeck, K J; Rotunda, J E

    2002-01-01

    Evaluation of a new extremity dosemeter is presented. The dosemeter is a passive device that is easy to wear and features a permanent individual numerical ID with barcode, a watertight case, an automatic TLD reader and database management software. Two dosemeters were studied: the first consists of a 100 mg x cm(-2) 7LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-700) chip and a 42 mg x cm(-2) cap, the other consists of a 7 mg x cm(-2) layer of 7LiF:Mg,Cu,P (TLD-700H) powder and a 5 mg x cm(-2) cap. Sensitivity, repeatability, lower limit detection, angular responses and energy responses for these dosemeters are studied and presented. The dose calculation algorithm is developed and its dosimetric performance accuracy is compared with the standard ANSI N13.32-1995, Performance Testing of Extremity Dosemeters. PMID:12382737

  7. VALIDATION OF A MOSFET DOSEMETER SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE ABSORBED AND EFFECTIVE RADIATION DOSES IN DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY.

    PubMed

    Manninen, A-L; Kotiaho, A; Nikkinen, J; Nieminen, M T

    2014-09-11

    This study aimed to validate a MOSFET dosemeter system for determining absorbed and effective doses (EDs) in the dose and energy range used in diagnostic radiology. Energy dependence, dose linearity and repeatability of the dosemeter were examined. The absorbed doses (ADs) were compared at anterior-posterior projection and the EDs were determined at posterior-anterior, anterior-posterior and lateral projections of thoracic imaging using an anthropomorphic phantom. The radiation exposures were made using digital radiography systems. This study revealed that the MOSFET system with high sensitivity bias supply set-up is sufficiently accurate for AD and ED determination. The dosemeter is recommended to be calibrated for energies <60 and >80 kVp. The entrance skin dose level should be at least 5 mGy to minimise the deviation of the individual dosemeter dose. For ED determination, dosemeters should be implanted perpendicular to the surface of the phantom to prevent the angular dependence error. PMID:25213263

  8. Electrons in Atoms and Molecules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-07-19

    The interactions of electrons with matter have great explanatory power and are central to many technologies from transistors, diodes, smoke detectors, and dosemeters to sophisticated imaging, lasers, and quantum computing. A conceptual grasp of the interactions of electrons in general allows students to acquire deeper understanding that can be applied to a very broad range of technologies.

  9. Copyright David JC MacKay 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only. See www.withouthotair.com. Sustainable Energy --without the hot air

    E-print Network

    Copyright David JC MacKay 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only. SeeKay 2009. This electronic copy is provided, free, for personal use only. See www pol- icy, whether in government, business or a campaign group, this book should be compulsory reading

  10. The measurement using passive dosemeters of the neutron component of aircraft crew dose.

    PubMed

    Bartlett, D T; Tanner, R J; Hager, L G; Lavelle, J

    1997-01-01

    The cosmic radiation field at aviation altitudes can be measured with simple passive detectors. The non-neutron component may be measured by means of thermoluminescence dosimetry or other techniques, and the neutron component may be measured using poly allyl diglycol carbonate (PADC) dosemeters as described in this paper. Effective dose from neutron radiation becomes the larger component for altitudes above about 10 km, in general. The dominance is more pronounced for higher latitudes. The neutron energies range up to the maximum of the incident protons, that is many GeV. However the majority of the dose is contributed by neutrons of a few hundred MeV and less, with two maxima in the fluence spectrum, one between 1 and 10 MeV and the other between 50 and 150 MeV. We have used PADC dosemeters, electrochemically etched, to estimate the neutron component of effective dose. Up to 50 dosemeters are used in a single measurement to obtain an estimate of sufficient precision for total neutron effective doses of 50 microSv and less. The neutron fluence response characteristics of the dosemeter have been measured up to 70 MeV. These are extrapolated up to 180 MeV. This extrapolation is validated, partially, by a comparison of measured and predicted readings in the CERN reference field. From the dosemeter readings for exposure on board aircraft, neutron fluence may be estimated assuming an isotropic radiation field and the estimated neutron fluence spectrum. The neutron fluence may then be converted to effective dose using published values of conversion coefficients with the same assumptions of isotropy and known fluence spectrum. For the measurement results reported here, the calculated spectrum for the CERN concrete shielded field is used. PMID:11541797

  11. 78 FR 2912 - Prohibition on Personal Use of Electronic Devices on the Flight Deck

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ...individual can lose situational awareness due to attentional tunneling...The ``party'' situation, when a person at a loud...tunneling helps people handle a situation with a high number of visual...members could lose situational awareness when a personal...

  12. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...regarding For Official Use Only information. 3 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/54007r_0998/p54007r.pdf . (c) Do not disclose personal information to anyone outside DoD unless specifically authorized by...

  13. Intercomparison 2013 on measurements of the personal dose equivalent Hp(10) in photon fields in the African region.

    PubMed

    Arib, M; Herrati, A; Dari, F; Ma, J; Lounis-Mokrani, Z

    2015-02-01

    An intercomparison exercise on the measurement of personal dose equivalent Hp(10) was jointly organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Nuclear Research Centre of Algiers through its Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory in the African region. This intercomparison exercise was aimed at verifying the performance of the individual monitoring services of the participants in order to assess their capabilities to measure the quantity Hp(10) in photon (gamma and X ray) fields helping them to comply with dose limitation requirements. The scope of this intercomparison was aimed at passive dosemeters, which determine the personal dose equivalent in photon radiation fields, mainly for thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence dosemeters. Twenty-seven countries from the Africa region and from outside Africa participated in this exercise. The intercomparison protocol, including the preparation of the dosemeters and the irradiation procedures, is described and the results are presented, analysed and discussed. PMID:24982261

  14. Silicon chips in personal electronics and computers, electronic displays, and the semiconductor lasers used in CD players and for Internet communications, have shaped the world we live in, but will the current paradigm that

    E-print Network

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Silicon chips in personal electronics and computers, electronic displays, and the semiconductor be a new era of electronics? These questions will be addressed in a seminar by Dr. Dennis Buss followed with responsibility for managing TI-MIT joint research. He retired in 2010, but continues this role as a consultant

  15. Users' Evaluations of Four Electronic Travel Aids Aimed at Navigation for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; de Witte, Luc P.

    2011-01-01

    Eighteen persons with visual impairments evaluated four systematically selected navigation systems. Their performance on 11 tasks, provided ratings, satisfaction on seven aspects of the assistive devices, and explanatory comments show generally valuable functionality and usability, as well as individual marked preferences for various features of…

  16. Electron Beam Computed Tomographic Coronary Calcium Scanning: A Review and Guidelines for Use in Asymptomatic Persons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN A. RUMBERGER; BRUCE H. BRUNDAGE; DANIEL J. RADER; GEORGE KONDOS

    1999-01-01

    Coronary artery disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the developed world. Effective means of treatment such as drug therapy to lower cholesterol levels are available, but clinical application to patients at highest risk remains imprecise. Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) has been suggested as a means to diagnose subclinical coronary disease and facilitate risk stratification, but no

  17. Electronic Clinical Path System Based on Semistructured Data Model Using Personal Digital Assistant for Onsite Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Osamu Okada; Naoki Ohboshi; Tomohiro Kuroda; Keisuke Nagase; Hiroyuki Yoshihara

    2005-01-01

    Clinical Paths (Paths) have been introduced by different hospitals for patient care management. An Electronic Clinical Path (ECP) with onsite access provision seems to improve the efficiency of medical staffs because they can share vast medical information about patients at a time and also can reuse accumulated data easily, which is impossible with paper-based Path. Data model is the basis

  18. The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

  19. Electronic Screen Media for Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Results of a Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard C. Shane; Patti Ducoff Albert

    2008-01-01

    Social and anecdotal reports suggest a predilection for visual media among individuals on the autism spectrum, yet no formal\\u000a investigation has explored the extent of that use. Using a distributed questionnaire design, parents and caregivers report\\u000a on time allotted toward media, including observable behaviors and communicative responses. More time was spent engaged with\\u000a electronic screen media (ESM) than any other

  20. Use of electronic personal health record systems to encourage HIV screening: an exploratory study of patient and provider perspectives

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background When detected, HIV can be effectively treated with antiretroviral therapy. Nevertheless in the U.S. approximately 25% of those who are HIV-infected do not know it. Much remains unknown about how to increase HIV testing rates. New Internet outreach methods have the potential to increase disease awareness and screening among patients, especially as electronic personal health records (PHRs) become more widely available. In the US Department of Veterans' Affairs medical care system, 900,000 veterans have indicated an interest in receiving electronic health-related communications through the PHR. Therefore we sought to evaluate the optimal circumstances and conditions for outreach about HIV screening. In an exploratory, qualitative research study we examined patient and provider perceptions of Internet-based outreach to increase HIV screening among veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health care system. Findings We conducted two rounds of focus groups with veterans and healthcare providers at VHA medical centers. The study's first phase elicited general perceptions of an electronic outreach program to increase screening for HIV, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Using phase 1 results, outreach message texts were drafted and then presented to participants in the second phase. Analysis followed modified grounded theory. Patients and providers indicated that electronic outreach through a PHR would provide useful information and would motivate patients to be screened for HIV. Patients believed that electronic information would be more convenient and understandable than information provided verbally. Patients saw little difference between messages about HIV versus about diabetes and cholesterol. Providers, however, felt patients would disapprove of HIV-related messages due to stigma. Providers expected increased workload from the electronic outreach, and thus suggested adding primary care resources and devising methods to smooth the flow of patients getting screened. When provided a choice between unsecured emails versus PHRs as the delivery mechanism for disease screening messages, both patients and providers preferred PHRs. Conclusions There is considerable potential to use PHR systems for electronic outreach and social marketing to communicate to patients about, and increase rates of, disease screening, including for HIV. Planning for direct-to-patient communications through PHRs should include providers and address provider reservations, especially about workload increases. PMID:21843313

  1. Brazilian gamma-neutron dosemeter: response to 241AmBe and 252Cf neutron sources.

    PubMed

    Souto, E B; Campos, L L

    2011-03-01

    With the aim of improving the monitoring of workers potentially exposed to neutron radiation in Brazil, the IPEN/CNEN-SP in association with PRO-RAD designed and developed a passive individual gamma-neutron mixed-field dosemeter calibrated to be used to (241)AmBe sources. To verify the dosimetry system response to different neutron spectra, prototypes were irradiated with a (252)Cf source and evaluated using the dose-calculation algorithm developed for (241)AmBe sources. PMID:21186217

  2. Electronic screen media for persons with autism spectrum disorders: results of a survey.

    PubMed

    Shane, Howard C; Albert, Patti Ducoff

    2008-09-01

    Social and anecdotal reports suggest a predilection for visual media among individuals on the autism spectrum, yet no formal investigation has explored the extent of that use. Using a distributed questionnaire design, parents and caregivers report on time allotted toward media, including observable behaviors and communicative responses. More time was spent engaged with electronic screen media (ESM) than any other leisure activity. Television and movie viewing was more popular than computer usage. Across media platforms, animated programs were more highly preferred. Prevalent verbal and physical imitation was reported to occur during and following exposure to ESM. Clinical implications to strategically incorporate ESM into learning approaches for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are provided. PMID:18293074

  3. Measurement models for passive dosemeters in view of uncertainty evaluation using the Monte Carlo method.

    PubMed

    van Dijk, J W E

    2014-12-01

    Two measurement models for passive dosemeters such as thermoluminescent dosemeter, optically stimulated luminescence, radio-photoluminescence, photographic film or track etch are discussed. The first model considers the dose evaluation with the reading equipment as a single measurement, the one-stage model. The second model considers the build-up of a latent signal or latent image in the detector during exposure and the evaluation using a reader system as two separate measurements, the two-stage model. It is discussed that the two-stage model better reflects the cause and effect relations and the course of events in the daily practice of a routine dosimetry service. The one-stage model will be non-linear in crucial input quantities which can give rise to erroneous behavior of the uncertainty evaluation based on the law of propagation of uncertainty. Input quantities that show an asymmetric probability distributions propagate through the one-stage model in a physically not relevant way. PMID:24464818

  4. SPECTRAL CORRECTION FACTORS FOR CONVENTIONAL NEUTRON DOSEMETERS USED IN HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRON ENVIRONMENTS.

    PubMed

    Lee, K W; Sheu, R J

    2014-10-01

    High-energy neutrons (>10 MeV) contribute substantially to the dose fraction but result in only a small or negligible response in most conventional moderated-type neutron detectors. Neutron dosemeters used for radiation protection purpose are commonly calibrated with (252)Cf neutron sources and are used in various workplace. A workplace-specific correction factor is suggested. In this study, the effect of the neutron spectrum on the accuracy of dose measurements was investigated. A set of neutron spectra representing various neutron environments was selected to study the dose responses of a series of Bonner spheres, including standard and extended-range spheres. By comparing (252)Cf-calibrated dose responses with reference values based on fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients, this paper presents recommendations for neutron field characterisation and appropriate correction factors for responses of conventional neutron dosemeters used in environments with high-energy neutrons. The correction depends on the estimated percentage of high-energy neutrons in the spectrum or the ratio between the measured responses of two Bonner spheres (the 4P6_8 extended-range sphere versus the 6? standard sphere). PMID:25280480

  5. Efficiency of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter for low-earth-orbit space radiation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yasuda, H.; Fujitaka, K.; Badhwar, G. D. (Principal Investigator)

    2002-01-01

    Chips of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter (RPLG) were used for measurements of space radiation during a 9.8 d Shuttle-Mir mission (STS-91) at an altitude of 400 km and an inclination of 51.65 degrees. Two of RPLG chips were put into each of 59 positions in or on a life-size human phantom. The RPLG values equivalent to 137Cs gamma ray absorbed doses were found to be systematically lower than those of a Mg2SiO4:Tb thermoluminescence dosemeter (TDMS). In comparison with the organ or tissue absorbed dose and dose equivalent values that were estimated using a combination of TDMS and plastic nuclear track detectors, the efficiencies of the RPLG chips were about 80% for the water absorbed dose and about 40% for the dose equivalent. Whereas the percentage values will change during different missions, such additional information obtained from small RPLG chips is useful for improving the reliability of radiation dosimetry in space.

  6. Intercomparison on measurements of the quantity personal dose equivalent Hp(10) in photon fields in the African region.

    PubMed

    Msimang, Z; Cruz-Suárez, R; Zeger, J

    2011-03-01

    An intercomparison was arranged by the International Atomic Energy Agency for the African region for personal dose equivalent. This was arranged with a view to helping member states to comply with dose limitation requirements and to harmonise the use of internationally agreed quantities and recommended assessment methods. The scope of the intercomparison was aimed at passive dosemeters, which determine the personal dose equivalent in photon radiation fields. The comparison protocol is presented together with the results. PMID:21112891

  7. Detecting the Use of Intentionally Transmitting Personal Electronic Devices Onboard Commercial Aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, Randy; Ely, Jay J.; Vahala, Linda

    2003-01-01

    The need to detect unauthorized usage of intentionally transmitting portable electronic devices (PEDs) onboard commercial aircraft is growing, while still allowing passengers to use selected unintentionally transmitting devices, such as laptop computers and CD players during non-critical stages of flight. The following paper presents an installed system for detecting PEDs over multiple frequency bands. Additionally, the advantages of a fixed verses mobile system are discussed. While data is presented to cover the frequency range of 20 MHz to 6.5 GHz, special attention was given to the Cellular/PCS bands as well as Bluetooth and the FRS radio bands. Measurement data from both the semi-anechoic and reverberation chambers are then analyzed and correlated with data collected onboard a commercial aircraft to determine the dominant mode of coupling inside the passenger cabin of the aircraft versus distance from the source. As a final check of system feasibility, several PEDs transmission signatures were recorded and compared with the expected levels.

  8. A pilot study to evaluate the magnitude of association of the use of electronic personal health records with patient activation and empowerment in HIV-infected veterans

    PubMed Central

    Rose, Carol Dawson; Johnson, Mallory; Janson, Susan L.

    2015-01-01

    The HITECH Act signed into law in 2009 requires hospitals to provide patients with electronic access to their health information through an electronic personal health record (ePHR) in order to receive Medicare/Medicaid incentive payments. Little is known about who uses these systems or the impact these systems will have on patient outcomes in HIV care. The health care empowerment model provides rationale for the hypothesis that knowledge from an electronic personal health record can lead to greater patient empowerment resulting in improved outcomes. The objective was to determine the patient characteristics and patient activation, empowerment, satisfaction, knowledge of their CD4, Viral Loads, and antiretroviral medication, and medication adherence outcomes associated with electronic personal health record use in Veterans living with HIV at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. The participants included HIV-Infected Veterans receiving care in a low volume HIV-clinic at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, divided into two groups of users and non-users of electronic personal health records. The research was conducted using in-person surveys either online or on paper and data abstraction from medical records for current anti-retroviral therapy (ART), CD4 count, and plasma HIV-1 viral load. The measures included the Patient Activation Measure, Health Care Empowerment Inventory, ART adherence, provider satisfaction, current CD4 count, current plasma viral load, knowledge of current ART, knowledge of CD4 counts, and knowledge of viral load. In all, 40 participants were recruited. The use of electronic personal health records was associated with significantly higher levels of patient activation and levels of patient satisfaction for getting timely appointments, care, and information. ePHR was also associated with greater proportions of undetectable plasma HIV-1 viral loads, of knowledge of current CD4 count, and of knowledge of current viral load. The two groups differed by race and computer access. There was no difference in the current CD4, provider satisfaction, Health Care Empowerment Inventory score, satisfaction with provider-patient communication, satisfaction with courteous and helpful staff, knowledge of ART, or ART adherence. The use of electronic personal health records is associated with positive clinical and behavioral characteristics. The use of these systems may play a role in improving the health of people with HIV. Larger studies are needed to further evaluate these associations. PMID:25802815

  9. Adoption, non-adoption, and abandonment of a personal electronic health record: case study of HealthSpace

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the policy making process, implementation by NHS organisations, and patients’ and carers’ experiences of efforts to introduce an internet accessible personal electronic health record (HealthSpace) in a public sector healthcare system. Design Mixed method, multilevel case study. Setting English National Health Service; the basic HealthSpace technology (available throughout England) and the advanced version (available in a few localities where this option had been introduced) were considered. Main outcome measures National statistics on invitations sent, HealthSpace accounts created, and interviews and ethnographic observation of patients and carers. Data analysis was informed by a socio-technical approach which considered macro and micro influences on both adoption and non-adoption of innovations, and by the principles of critical discourse analysis. Participants 56 patients and carers (of whom 21 opened a basic HealthSpace account, 20 had diabetes but were not initially using HealthSpace, and 15 used advanced HealthSpace accounts to exchange messages with their general practitioner), 3000 pages of documents (policies, strategies, business plans, minutes of meetings, correspondence), observational field notes, and 160 interviews with policy makers, project managers, and clinical staff. Results Between 2007 and October 2010, 172?950 people opened a basic HealthSpace account. 2913 (0.13% of those invited) opened an advanced account, compared with 5-10% of the population anticipated in the original business case. Overall, patients perceived HealthSpace as neither useful nor easy to use and its functionality aligned poorly with their expectations and self management practices. Those who used email-style messaging were positive about its benefits, but enthusiasm beyond three early adopter clinicians was low, and fewer than 100 of 30?000 patients expressed interest. Policy makers’ hopes that “deploying” HealthSpace would lead to empowered patients, personalised care, lower NHS costs, better data quality, and improved health literacy were not realised over the three year evaluation period. Conclusion Unless personal electronic health records align closely with people’s attitudes, self management practices, identified information needs, and the wider care package (including organisational routines and incentive structures for clinicians), the risk that they will be abandoned or not adopted at all is substantial. Conceptualising such records dynamically (as components of a socio-technical network) rather than statically (as containers for data) and employing user centred design techniques might improve their chances of adoption and use. The findings raise questions about how eHealth programmes in England are developed and approved at policy level. PMID:21081595

  10. Chiropractic physicians: an analysis of select issues for the use of electronic medical records and the patient-practitioner relationship within the society-culture-personality model

    PubMed Central

    Fredericks, Marcel; Lyons, Luke; Kondellas, Bill; Ross, Michael W.V.; Hang, Lam; Fredericks, Janet

    2010-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this article is to explain how new systems of medical technology, specifically electronic medical records, are playing an increasingly crucial role in the modern health care system. By examining these new developments associated with electronic medical technology and the society-culture-personality model, these aforementioned theoretical frameworks might assist chiropractors in the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of their patients. Discussion The society-culture-personality model can be used as an organizational instrument for assisting chiropractors in developing a better understanding and appreciation of the interrelationships between electronic medical records technology and the society-culture-personality model. The socially meaningful interaction established through electronic medical records technology may enhance communication between the health care professionals and the patient and thereby could improve the quality of care. Conclusion It is essential that future and current chiropractic physicians be aware of the ramifications and changes brought about by electronic medical records technology so that they can integrate, synthesize, and actualize the results to deliver care that involves the ingredients of quality, affordability, availability, accessibility, and continuity for their patients. If these outcomes are examined consistently and well, future chiropractic physicians will be able to transfer the traditions of excellence, dedication, and creativity of the health care profession. PMID:22693462

  11. Assessment of risks of EMI for personal medical electronic devices (PMEDs) from emissions of millimeter-wave security screening systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witters, Donald; Bassen, Howard; Guag, Joshua; Addissie, Bisrat; LaSorte, Nickolas; Rafai, Hazem

    2013-06-01

    This paper describes research and testing of a representative group of high priority body worn and implantable personal medical electronic devices (PMEDs) for exposure to millimeter wave (MMW) advanced imaging technology (AIT) security systems used at airports. The sample PMEDs included in this study were implantable cardiac pacemakers, ICDs, neurostimulators and insulin pumps. These PMEDs are designed and tested for susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI) under the present standards for medical device electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). However, the present standards for medical equipment do not address exposure to the much higher frequency fields that are emitted by MMW security systems. Initial AIT emissions measurements were performed to assess the PMED and passenger exposures. Testing protocols were developed and testing methods were tailored to the type of PMED. In addition, a novel exposure simulation system was developed to allow controlled EMC testing without the need of the MMW AIT system. Methodology, test results, and analysis are presented, along with an assessment of the human exposure and risks for PMED users. The results on this study reveal no effects on the medical devices from the exposure to the MMW security system. Furthermore, the human exposure measurements and analysis showed levels well below applicable standard, and the risks for PMED users and others we assessed to be very low. These findings apply to the types of PMEDs used in the study though these findings might suggest that the risks for other, similar PMEDs would likely be similar.

  12. A bio-dosemeter that utilises isolated enzymes to detect ionising radiation.

    PubMed

    Esposito, D; Pace, E; Margonelli, A; Rizzuto, M; Giardi, P; Giardi, M T

    2002-01-01

    The development of a biosensor for the detection of ionising radiation (biodosemeter) utilising the advantageous properties of the photosystem II (PSII) complex and its response to ionising radiation is reported. The transducer signal for this biosensor can be fluorescence, which is dependent on photosynthetic activity. Exposure of biological material to ionising radiation leads to a loss of function due to the destruction of critical structures. Radiation target theory predicts an exponential decrease in biochemical activity that is dependent on the absorbed radiation energy and directly proportional to the mass of the individual molecules possessing this activity. The activity is lost whenever the protein is hit since very high energy is transferred through the chain. Several approaches were used to optimise the immobilisation of PSII complexes to improve the sensitivity of the bio-dosemeter. PMID:12194312

  13. GP connector - a tool to enable access for general practitioners to a standards-based personal and electronic health record in the Rhine-Neckar region.

    PubMed

    Heinze, Oliver; Schmuhl, Holger; Bergh, Björn

    2011-01-01

    Electronic health records (EHR) as well as personal health records (PHR) are in widespread use today. Since several years the University Hospital Heidelberg is implementing a so-called personal and electronic health record (PEHR). The joint approach is standards-based and includes several needed services. However a remained unresolved issue is how to connect general practitioners (GP) and their systems to the record. This work describes a tool called GP Connector that provides access for GPs to the PEHR within the law. GPs can profit from all advantages of the PEHR usage. Only adding documents to the record comfortably through standards-based interfaces remains still open. Thus, deep integration of the PEHR into primary systems is preferable anytime. Yet the continuous trend towards multi-institutional health network may also pave the way for standards-based interfaces also in the field of practice management systems. PMID:21893770

  14. Damage of Office Supply, Personal Use Items, and Over-the-Counter Medical Devices After Sterilization by Ethylene Oxide Gas, Electron Beam, and Gamma Radiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne D. Lucas; Katharine Merritt; Victoria M. Hitchins

    After letters containing Bacillus anthracis spores entered the U.S. mail in 2001, a problem emerged regarding how to decon- taminate the letters, packages, and personal items in offices that received these letters. The effects of three sterilization methods (i.e. ethylene oxide gas (EO), electron beam (e-beam) radiation, and gamma radiation) were evaluated for a variety of office sup- ply and

  15. The ENEA neutron personal dosimetry service.

    PubMed

    Morelli, B; Mariotti, F; Fantuzzi, E

    2006-01-01

    The ENEA Radiation Protection Institute has been operating the only neutron personal dosimetry service in Italy since the 1970s. Since the 1980s the service has been based on PADC (poly allyl diglycol carbonate) for fast neutron dosimetry, while thermal neutron dosimetry has been performed using thermoluminescence (TL) dosemeters. Since the service was started, a number of aspects have undergone evolution. The latest and most important changes are as follows: in 1998 a new PADC material was introduced in routine, since 2001 TL thermal dosimetry has been based on LiF(Mg,Cu,P) [GR-200] and (7)LiF(Mg,Cu,P) [GR-207] detectors and since 2003 a new image analysis reading system for the fast neutron dosemeters has been used. Herein an updated summary of how the service operates and performs today is presented. The approaches to calibration and traceability to estimate the quantity of H(p)(10) are mentioned. Results obtained at the performance test of dosimetric services in the EU member states and Switzerland sponsored by the European Commission and organised by Eurados in 1999 are reported. Last but not least, quality assurance (QA) procedures introduced in the routine operation to track the whole process of dose evaluation (i.e. plastic QA, acceptance test, test etching bath reproducibility and 'dummy customer' (blind test) for each issuing monitoring period) are presented and discussed. PMID:16644987

  16. History of personal dosimetry performance testing in the United States.

    PubMed

    Soares, C G

    2007-01-01

    The basis for personal dosimetry performance testing in the United States is ANSI/HPS N13.11 (2001). Now in its third edition, this standard has been in place since 1983. Testing under this standard is administered by the National Voluntary Accreditation Program (NVLAP), and accreditation of dosimetry processors under this program is required by US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) also maintains a testing program for its laboratories and contractors, administered by the Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP). A focus in recent years has been the modification of ANSI/HPS N13.11 to allow acceptance by both testing programs in order to bring harmonisation to US personal dosemeter processing testing. Since there is no type testing program in the US for personal dosemeters, the testing philosophy of ANSI N13.11 has always combined elements of type testing and routine performance testing. This philosophy is explored in detail in this presentation, along with trends in the development of the document to its present state. In addition, a look will be taken at what the future holds for the next revision of the document, scheduled to begin in 2005. PMID:17287202

  17. Personality Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... family, friends, and co-workers. What is a Personality Disorder? Those who struggle with a personality disorder have ... difficult to participate in social activities. Recognizing a Personality Disorder A personality disorder must fulfill several criteria. A ...

  18. Person Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumsden, James

    1977-01-01

    Person changes can be of three kinds: developmental trends, swells, and tremors. Person unreliability in the tremor sense (momentary fluctuations) can be estimated from person characteristic curves. Average person reliability for groups can be compared from item characteristic curves. (Author)

  19. The Impact of Electronic Bibliographic Databases and Electronic Journal Articles on the Scholar's Information-Seeking Behavior and Personal Collection of "Reprints"

    E-print Network

    McGeachin, Robert B.

    2004-01-01

    collection of research articles and possible ways libraries can help them in this scholarly activity. KEYWORDS. Bibliographic citation managers, personal information managers, pim, ocr, reprint collection, scholar’s workstation, remote access, library... of scanning their existing documents, followed by Optical Character Recognition (OCR) on the scans and cleanup editing on the OCR results before storing the new version of the document in some file format. But this can be a time consuming process. A 1998...

  20. Some personal and historical notes on the utility of “deep-etch” electron microscopy for making cell structure/function correlations

    PubMed Central

    Heuser, John E.

    2014-01-01

    This brief essay talks up the advantages of metal replicas for electron microscopy and explains why they are still the best way to image frozen cells in the electron microscope. Then it explains our approach to freezing, namely the Van Harreveld trick of “slamming” living cells onto a supercold block of metal sprayed with liquid helium at ?269ºC, and further talks up this slamming over the alternative of high-pressure freezing, which is much trickier but enjoys greater favor at the moment. This leads me to bemoan the fact that there are not more young investigators today who want to get their hands on electron microscopes and use our approach to get the most “true to life” views of cells out of them with a minimum of hassle. Finally, it ends with a few perspectives on my own career and concludes that, personally, I'm permanently stuck with the view of the “founding fathers” that cell ultrastructure will ultimately display and explain all of cell function, or as Palade said in his Nobel lecture,electron micrographs are “irresistible and half transparent … their meaning buried under only a few years of work,” and “reasonable working hypotheses are already suggested by the ultrastructural organization itself.” PMID:25360049

  1. Personal power systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Dunn-Rankin; Elisângela Martins Leal; David C. Walther

    2005-01-01

    The lack of compact, efficient, human compatible, lightweight power sources impedes the realization of machine-enhanced human endeavor. Electronic and communication devices, as well as mobile robotic devices, need new power sources that will allow them to operate autonomously for periods of hours. In this work, a personal power system implies an application of interest to an individual person. The human-compatible

  2. The Impact of Electronic Mobility Devices for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired: A Systematic Review of Effects and Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; Soede, Mathijs; de Witte, Luc P.

    2009-01-01

    A systematic review of the international literature was conducted to investigate the effects and effectiveness of electronic mobility devices. Of the 13 studies that were reviewed, all but one demonstrated effects of the use of these devices, and generally, users evaluated the devices' functionality as beneficial. (Contains 1 table.)

  3. A Study of the Intent to Fully Utilize Electronic Personal Health Records in the Context of Privacy and Trust

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Rhonda J.

    2012-01-01

    Government initiatives called for electronic health records for each individual healthcare consumer by 2014. The purpose of the initiatives is to provide for the common exchange of clinical information between healthcare consumers, healthcare providers, third-party payers and public healthcare officials. This exchange of healthcare information…

  4. Personality disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorders are a group of mental health conditions in which a person has a long-term pattern ... Causes of personality disorders are unknown. Genetic and ... a role. Mental health professionals categorize these disorders ...

  5. EMPLOYEE PERSONAL DATA FORM For initial hires, the EPDF (Employee Personal Data Form) must accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment.

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific that apply: White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa of Africa. Asian: A person with origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia

  6. Damage of office supply, personal use items, and over-the-counter medical devices after sterilization by ethylene oxide gas, electron beam, and gamma radiation.

    PubMed

    Lucas, Anne D; Merritt, Katharine; Hitchins, Victoria M

    2004-01-01

    After letters containing Bacillus anthracis spores entered the U.S. mail in 2001, a problem emerged regarding how to decontaminate the letters, packages, and personal items in offices that received these letters. The effects of three sterilization methods (i.e. ethylene oxide gas [EO], electron beam [e-beam] radiation, and gamma radiation) were evaluated for a variety of office supply and equipment, personal use items, and over-the-counter medical devices. No single sterilization method was suitable for all items that could be mailed or found in an office. Damage or discoloration was evident for some items by each sterilization method. There were changes in the color of certain items, such as some of the packaging material, some pacifiers, some of the fabrics, and the nylon stockings after e-beam and gamma radiation. Both e-beam and gamma radiation damaged all film samples. Following EO sterilization and normal aeration, there were a number of samples with high (above 250 microg/g) levels of EO and samples with detectable ethylene chlorohydrin levels. The data would suggest that certain items exposed to EO sterilization must be further aerated prior to use, or discarded. Generic descriptions of products (such as plastics) or grouping of items (such as condoms) were not sufficient to predict what is safe in terms of EO residual levels remaining on an item. Successful decontamination of a wide variety of items will require careful selection of different sterilization methods. PMID:15635999

  7. Personal Genomics, Personalized Medicine,

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    /Science Translational Medicine panel discussion; MLA 2012 #12;Timeline: Human Genome Sequence HSLS, U.Pitt 1995 2014 2000 2003 2007 2007 2010 Human Genome Draft Sequence Complete Human Reference Genome Individual Human of a free living organism: Haemophilus Influenzae #12;Personal Genome Project HSLS, U.Pitt #12;Why get

  8. Probing the Potential of Electronic Publishing and Computer Software for Personal Use. Report of an Aspen Institute Conference (Queenstown, Maryland, January 12-14, 1988). Communications and Society Forum Report #6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Michael

    This report summarizes the presentations and discussions at a conference on the development of new products and services in electronic publishing and computer software for personal use. It is noted that the 26 participants came from a variety of perspectives, including the publishing and computer software industries; the fields of home…

  9. Measurements of non-target organ doses using MOSFET dosemeters for selected IMRT and 3D CRT radiation treatment procedures.

    PubMed

    Wang, Brian; Xu, X George

    2008-01-01

    Many expressed concerns about the potential increase in second cancer risk from the widespread shift to intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques from traditional 3-D conformal radiation treatment (3D CRT). This paper describes the study on in-phantom measurements of radiation doses in organ sites away from the primary tumour target. The measurements involved a RANDO((R)) phantom and Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor dosemeters for selected 3D CRT and IMRT treatment plans. Three different treatment plans, 4-field 3D CRT, 6-field 3D CRT and 7-field IMRT for the prostate, were considered in this study. Steps to reconstruct organ doses from directly measured data were also presented. The dosemeter readings showed that the doses decrease as the distances increase for all treatment plans. At 40 cm from the prostate target, doses were <1% of the therapeutic dose. At this location, however, the IMRT plan resulted in an absorbed dose from photons, that is a factor of 3-5 higher than the 3D CRT treatment plans. This increase on absorbed dose is due to the increased exposure time for delivering the IMRT plan. The total monitor unit (MU) was 2850 for the IMRT case, while the MU was 1308 and 1260 for 6-field and 4-field 3D CRT cases, respectively. Findings from this case study involving the prostate treatments agree with those from previous studies that IMRT indeed delivers higher photon doses to locations that are away from the primary target. PMID:17627959

  10. Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan E. Zuckerman; George R. Kim

    A personal health record (PHR, also known as a personally controlled health record or PCHR) is “an electronic application\\u000a through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information, and that of others for whom they are authorized,\\u000a in a private, secure, and confidential environment.”1 PHRs are lifelong summaries of key information from all providers and include data gathered

  11. Personality Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses. They involve long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that ... serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with everyday stresses and problems. ...

  12. Alarm inhalation dosemeter for long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Streil, T.; Oeser, V.; Rambousky, R.; Buchholz, F. W.

    2008-08-01

    MyRIAM is the acronym for My Radioactivity In Air Monitor and points out that the device was designed for personal use to detect any radioactivity in the air at the place and at the moment of danger. The active air sampling process enables a detection limit several orders of magnitude below that of Gamma detectors. Therefore, it is the unique way to detect dangerous exposures in time. Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust (LLRD) saves human life and health. LLRD may occur in natural environment as well as in case of nuclear accidence or military and terrorist attacks. But in any case, the immediate warning of the population is of great importance. Keep in mind: it is very easy to avoid LLRD inhalation—but you have to recognize the imminent danger. The second requirement of gap-less documentation and reliable assessment of any derived LLRD exposure is building the link to Dosimetry applications. The paper demonstrates the possibility to design small and low cost air samplers, which can be used as personal alarm dosimeters and fulfil the requirements mentioned above. Several test measurements taken by a mobile phone sized MyRIAM, shall be used to demonstrate the correctness of this statement.

  13. Assessment of effective radiation dose of an extremity CBCT, MSCT and conventional X ray for knee area using MOSFET dosemeters.

    PubMed

    Koivisto, Juha; Kiljunen, Timo; Wolff, Jan; Kortesniemi, Mika

    2013-12-01

    The objective of this study was to assess and compare the organ and effective doses in the knee area resulting from different commercially available multislice computed tomography devices (MSCT), one cone beam computed tomography device (CBCT) and one conventional X-ray radiography device using MOSFET dosemeters and an anthropomorphic RANDO knee phantom. Measurements of the MSCT devices resulted in effective doses ranging between 27 and 48 µSv. The CBCT measurements resulted in an effective dose of 12.6 µSv. The effective doses attained using the conventional radiography device were 1.8 µSv for lateral and 1.2 µSv for anterior-posterior projections. The effective dose resulting from conventional radiography was considerably lower than those recorded for the CBCT and MSCT devices. The MSCT effective dose results were two to four times higher than those measured on the CBCT device. This study demonstrates that CBCT can be regarded as a potential low-dose 3D imaging technique for knee examinations. PMID:23825221

  14. Personal Dose Equivalent Conversion Coefficients For Photons To 1 GEV

    SciTech Connect

    Veinot, K. G.; Hertel, N. E.

    2010-09-27

    The personal dose equivalent, H{sub p}(d), is the quantity recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) to be used as an approximation of the protection quantity Effective Dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations. The personal dose equivalent can be defined for any location and depth within the body. Typically, the location of interest is the trunk where personal dosemeters are usually worn and in this instance a suitable approximation is a 30 cm X 30 cm X 15 cm slab-type phantom. For this condition the personal dose equivalent is denoted as H{sub p,slab}(d) and the depths, d, are taken to be 0.007 cm for non-penetrating and 1 cm for penetrating radiation. In operational radiation protection a third depth, 0.3 cm, is used to approximate the dose to the lens of the eye. A number of conversion coefficients for photons are available for incident energies up to several MeV, however, data to higher energies are limited. In this work conversion coefficients up to 1 GeV have been calculated for H{sub p,slab}(10) and H{sub p,slab}(3) using both the kerma approximation and by tracking secondary charged particles. For H{sub p}(0.07) the conversion coefficients were calculated, but only to 10 MeV due to computational limitations. Additionally, conversions from air kerma to H{sub p,slab}(d) have been determined and are reported. The conversion coefficients were determined for discrete incident energies, but analytical fits of the coefficients over the energy range are provided. Since the inclusion of air can influence the production of secondary charged particles incident on the face of the phantom conversion coefficients have been determined both in vacuo and with the source and slab immersed within a sphere in air. The conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent are compared to the appropriate protection quantity, calculated according to the recommendations of the latest International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) guidance.

  15. Mystery Person

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This article features a mathematical game called "Mystery Person." The author describes how the Mystery Person game was tried with first-graders [age 6]. The Mystery games involve the generation of key questions, the coordination of information--often very complex information--and the formulation of consequences based on this coordination.…

  16. Personal Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, June G.

    2003-01-01

    This newsletter presents four articles designed to help business educators educate learners in grades K-12 about personal finance. "Now More Than Ever: The Need for Financial Literacy" examines the following topics: evidence that the United States is becoming a nation of debtors; the plummeting personal savings rate; the increasing complexity of…

  17. Personal radon dosimetry from eyeglass lenses.

    PubMed

    Fleischer, R L; Meyer, N R; Hadley, S A; MacDonald, J; Cavallo, A

    2001-01-01

    Eyeglass lenses are commonly composed of allyl-diglycol carbonate (CR-39), an alpha-particle detecting plastic, thus making such lenses personal radon dosemeters. Samples of such lenses have been obtained, etched to reveal that radon and radon progeny alpha tracks can be seen in abundance, and sensitivities have been calibrated in radon chambers as a primary calibration, and with a uranium-based source of alpha particles as a convenient secondary standard. With one exception natural, environmental (fossil) track densities ranged from less than 3,000 to nearly 70,000 per cm2 for eyeglasses that had been worn for various times from one to nearly five years. Average radon concentrations to which those wearers were exposed are inferred to be in the range 14 to 130 Bq x m(-3) (0.4 to 3.5 pCi x l(-1)). A protocol for consistent, meaningful readout is derived and used. In the exceptional case the fossil track density was 1,780,000 cm(-2) and the inferred (24 h) average radon concentration was 6500 Bq x m(-3) (175 pCi x l(-1)) for a worker at an inactive uranium mine that is used for therapy. PMID:11843340

  18. Personal Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toong, Hoo-min D.; Gupta, Amar

    1982-01-01

    Describes the hardware, software, applications, and current proliferation of personal computers (microcomputers). Includes discussions of microprocessors, memory, output (including printers), application programs, the microcomputer industry, and major microcomputer manufacturers (Apple, Radio Shack, Commodore, and IBM). (JN)

  19. Advantage of 3D volumetric dosemeter in delivery quality assurance of dynamic arc therapy: comparison of pencil beam and Monte Carlo calculations

    PubMed Central

    Shin, H-J; Song, J H; Jung, J-Y; Kwak, Y-K; Kay, C S; Kang, Y-N; Choi, B O; Jang, H S

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of pencil beam calculation (PBC) and Monte Carlo calculation (MCC) for dynamic arc therapy (DAT) in a cylindrically shaped homogenous phantom, by comparing the two plans with an ion chamber, a film and a three-dimensional (3D) volumetric dosemeter. Methods: For this study, an in-house phantom was constructed, and the PBC and MCC plans for DAT were performed using iPlan® RT (BrainLAB®, Heimstetten, Germany). The A16 micro ion chamber (Standard Imaging, Middleton, WI), Gafchromic® EBT2 film (International Specialty Products, Wayne, NJ) and ArcCHECK™ (Sun Nuclear, Melbourne, FL) were used for measurements. For comparison with each plan, two-dimensional (2D) and 3D gamma analyses were performed using 3%/3?mm and 2%/2?mm criteria. Results: The difference between the PBC and MCC plans using 2D and 3D gamma analyses was found to be 7.85% and 28.8%, respectively. The ion chamber and 2D dose distribution measurements did not exhibit this difference revealed by the comparison between the PBC and MCC plans. However, the 3D assessment showed a significant difference between the PBC and MCC (62.7% for PBC vs 93.4% for MCC, p?=?0.034). Conclusion: Evaluation using a 3D volumetric dosemeter can be clinically useful for delivery quality assurance (QA), and the MCC should be used to achieve the most reliable dose calculation for DAT. Advances in knowledge: (1) The DAT plan calculated using the PBC has a limitation in the calculation methods, and a 3D volumetric dosemeter was found to be an adequate tool for delivery QA of DAT. (2) The MCC was superior to PBC in terms of the accuracy in dose calculation for DAT even in the homogenous condition. PMID:24234583

  20. PERSONS WITH MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ann Adams; Ann Adams; M. N. Sc

    1989-01-01

    In the past, Internal Self 1lelpers (ISM) of persons with multiple personality rlisorrler OWPI)) have been deseriberl by rr )7mill Humber of therapists. ii is .studV Iwo\\/ens the base ala I inaton relating to ISHs. Forty respondents who collectively had been therapists fur-rr totrtl of 690 i11P1) patients participated in the snarly. 77re findings of this study suti g ges

  1. Detection of thermal neutrons with a CMOS pixel sensor for a future dosemeter

    SciTech Connect

    Vanstalle, M.; Husson, D.; Higueret, S.; Le, T. D.; Nourreddine, A. M. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

    2011-07-01

    The RaMsEs group (Radioprotection et Mesures Environnementales) is developing a new compact device for operational neutron dosimetry. The electronic part of the detector is made of an integrated active pixel sensor, originally designed for tracking in particle physics. This device has useful features for neutrons, such as high detection efficiency for charged particles, good radiation resistance, high readout speed, low power consumption and high rejection of photon background. A good response of the device to fast neutrons has already been demonstrated [1]. In order to test the sensibility of the detector to thermal neutrons, experiments have been carried out with a 512 x 512 pixel CMOS sensor on a californium source moderated with heavy water (Cf.D{sub 2}O) on the Van Gogh irradiator at the LMDN, IRSN, Cadarache (France)). A thin boron converter is used to benefit from the significant cross section of the {sup 10}B (n,{alpha}) {sup 7}Li reaction. Results show a high detection efficiency (around 10{sup -3}) of the device to thermal neutrons. Our measurements are in good agreement with GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations. (authors)

  2. Personal Revelation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brother Vasas

    2008-10-15

    Activity: You are going to develop a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father responds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Teaching Emphasis (Core) I cannot use any language that describes to you what a revelation is. Somebody said, How can I tell if I have a revelation? I have had a feeling that such and such is true. How can I be sure? ...Revelation is something you experience, and the way that ...

  3. Any Personality Disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About Us Home > Health & Education > Statistics > Prevalence Any Personality Disorder Statistics Home Prevalence Serious Mental Illness (SMI) Among ... Major Depression with Severe Impairment among Adolescents Any Personality ... Personality Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Borderline Personality ...

  4. Person Perception and Personality Pathology

    PubMed Central

    Oltmanns, Thomas F.; Turkheimer, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Studies of person perception (people's impressions and beliefs about others) have developed important concepts and methods that can be used to help improve the assessment of personality disorders. They may also inspire advances in our knowledge of the nature and origins of these conditions. Information collected from peers and other types of informants is reliable and provides a perspective that often differs substantially from that obtained using questionnaires and interviews. For some purposes, this information is quite useful. Much remains to be learned about the incremental validity (and potential biases) associated with data from various kinds of informants. PMID:20539833

  5. Personal Beacon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The MicroPLB (personal locator beacon) is a search and rescue satellite-aided tracking (SARSAT) transmitter. When activated it emits a distress signal to a constellation of internationally operated satellites. The endangered person's identity and location anywhere on Earth is automatically forwarded to central monitoring stations around the world. It is accurate to within just a few meters. The user uses the device to download navigation data from a global positioning satellite receiver. After the download is complete, the MicroPLB functions as a self-locating beacon. Also, it is the only PLB to use a safe battery. In the past, other PLB devices have used batteries that have enough volatility to explode with extreme force. It was developed by Microwave Monolithic, Inc. through SBIR funding from Glenn Research Center and Goddard Space Flight Center.

  6. Personality Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc E. Agronin

    Personality disorders (PDs) represent some of the most insidious and challenging psychiatric conditions that clinicians encounter,\\u000a and often create unwarranted and unwanted conflicts in clinical settings. The reasons for these conflicts lie at the core\\u000a of the PD pathology, namely, a fundamental impairment in interpersonal relationships that leads to a variety of maladaptive,\\u000a inappropriate, or outrageous behaviors that the affected

  7. Antisocial Personality Disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About Us Home > Health & Education > Statistics > Prevalence Antisocial Personality Disorder Statistics Home Prevalence Serious Mental Illness (SMI) Among ... Major Depression with Severe Impairment among Adolescents Any Personality ... Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Borderline Personality ...

  8. Borderline Personality Disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About Us Home > Health & Education > Statistics > Prevalence Borderline Personality Disorder Statistics Home Prevalence Serious Mental Illness (SMI) Among ... Major Depression with Severe Impairment among Adolescents Any Personality ... Disorder Avoidant Personality Disorder Borderline Personality ...

  9. Personalized neuroprosthetics.

    PubMed

    Borton, David; Micera, Silvestro; Millán, José del R; Courtine, Grégoire

    2013-11-01

    Decades of technological developments have populated the field of neuroprosthetics with myriad replacement strategies, neuromodulation therapies, and rehabilitation procedures to improve the quality of life for individuals with neuromotor disorders. Despite the few but impressive clinical successes, and multiple breakthroughs in animal models, neuroprosthetic technologies remain mainly confined to sophisticated laboratory environments. We summarize the core principles and latest achievements in neuroprosthetics, but also address the challenges that lie along the path toward clinical fruition. We propose a pragmatic framework to personalize neurotechnologies and rehabilitation for patient-specific impairments to achieve the timely dissemination of neuroprosthetic medicine. PMID:24197737

  10. Personal Timeline

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rebecca Teed

    For this homework assignment, students have to draw two scaled timelines. The first is a personal timeline. They need to come up with the events themselves, an easy task that will build confidence for student who are intimidated by science and math. Following guidelines, they decide on a scale, and draw a linear timeline on which they plot their chosen events. Most students will primarily include recent events. They are asked to identify and explain any patterns in their timeline. Students should note the clustering at the present, and describe the emphasis on the present as resulting from memory, relevance to future hopes and worries, etc. The second timeline is more traditional. The students are given 16 Earth history events with dates and asked to draw another timeline, using the procedure from the personal timeline, but the line is already drawn for them. They will probably recognize most of the events on the list, and will be keeping them in order and spacing them out on the timeline. They are once again asked to identify and explain patterns and should recognize the emphasis on the present. This time, availability of fossils/rocks and relevance to current conditions and problems are good answers.

  11. The anesthesiologist's guide to personal digital assistants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali Jahan; Brock Gretter; Michael P. Smith

    2002-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are being used more frequently by anesthesiologists. PDAs are pocket-sized electronic devices that, at their most basic level, store information. Basic features include calendar, phone directory, memo pad, and checklist. More advanced features are increasingly common and blur the distinction between PDAs and personal computers (PCs). This article reviews the main options for

  12. Incorporation of Personal Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Data into a National Level Electronic Health Record for Disease Risk Assessment, Part 3: An Evaluation of SNP Incorporated National Health Information System of Turkey for Prostate Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Beyan, Timur

    2014-01-01

    Background A personalized medicine approach provides opportunities for predictive and preventive medicine. Using genomic, clinical, environmental, and behavioral data, the tracking and management of individual wellness is possible. A prolific way to carry this personalized approach into routine practices can be accomplished by integrating clinical interpretations of genomic variations into electronic medical records (EMRs)/electronic health records (EHRs). Today, various central EHR infrastructures have been constituted in many countries of the world, including Turkey. Objective As an initial attempt to develop a sophisticated infrastructure, we have concentrated on incorporating the personal single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data into the National Health Information System of Turkey (NHIS-T) for disease risk assessment, and evaluated the performance of various predictive models for prostate cancer cases. We present our work as a three part miniseries: (1) an overview of requirements, (2) the incorporation of SNP data into the NHIS-T, and (3) an evaluation of SNP data incorporated into the NHIS-T for prostate cancer. Methods In the third article of this miniseries, we have evaluated the proposed complementary capabilities (ie, knowledge base and end-user application) with real data. Before the evaluation phase, clinicogenomic associations about increased prostate cancer risk were extracted from knowledge sources, and published predictive genomic models assessing individual prostate cancer risk were collected. To evaluate complementary capabilities, we also gathered personal SNP data of four prostate cancer cases and fifteen controls. Using these data files, we compared various independent and model-based, prostate cancer risk assessment approaches. Results Through the extraction and selection processes of SNP-prostate cancer risk associations, we collected 209 independent associations for increased risk of prostate cancer from the studied knowledge sources. Also, we gathered six cumulative models and two probabilistic models. Cumulative models and assessment of independent associations did not have impressive results. There was one of the probabilistic, model-based interpretation that was successful compared to the others. In envirobehavioral and clinical evaluations, we found that some of the comorbidities, especially, would be useful to evaluate disease risk. Even though we had a very limited dataset, a comparison of performances of different disease models and their implementation with real data as use case scenarios helped us to gain deeper insight into the proposed architecture. Conclusions In order to benefit from genomic variation data, existing EHR/EMR systems must be constructed with the capability of tracking and monitoring all aspects of personal health status (genomic, clinical, environmental, etc) in 24/7 situations, and also with the capability of suggesting evidence-based recommendations. A national-level, accredited knowledge base is a top requirement for improved end-user systems interpreting these parameters. Finally, categorization using similar, individual characteristics (SNP patterns, exposure history, etc) may be an effective way to predict disease risks, but this approach needs to be concretized and supported with new studies. PMID:25600087

  13. Electronic Homework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Fong-lok; Heyworth, Rex M.

    The Electronic Homework assistant system is composed of two components: the Computer Tutor and the Homework Administrator. The Computer Tutor is an intelligent tutoring system that can provide personal assistance like supplying hints, checking errors, providing remediation and prioritizing problems. The Homework Administrator is a teacher's…

  14. Calibration of an eye lens dosemeter in terms of Hp(3) to be used in interventional radiology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borges, F. L. S.; Guimarães, M. C.; Da Silva, T. A.; Nogueira Tavares, M. S.

    2014-11-01

    Recently, the International Commission on Radiological Protection has reviewed epidemiological evidences suggesting that there were tissue reaction effects in the eye lens below the previously considered absorbed dose threshold. A new statement related to the eye lens was issued that changed the absorbed dose threshold and reduced the dose limits for occupationally exposed persons. As consequence, some planned exposures require eye lens dosimetry and a debate was raised on the adequacy of the dosimetric quantity and on its method of measurement. The aim of this work was to study the methodology for calibrating the EYE-DTM holder with a TLD-100H Harshaw chip detector and to determine its angular and energy dependences in terms of personal dose equivalent, Hp(3).

  15. Antisocial personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Sociopathic personality; Sociopathy; Personality disorder - antisocial ... Cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown. Genetic factors and environmental factors, such as child abuse, are believed to contribute to the development of ...

  16. Dependent personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Dependent personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional ... Cause of dependent personality disorder is unknown. The disorder usually ... is one of the most common personality disorders and is ...

  17. Schizotypal personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Schizotypal personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has trouble with relationships and ... Cause of schizotypal personality disorder is unknown. Genes are thought to be involved because this condition is more common in relatives ...

  18. Can computer personalities be human personalities?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifford Nass; Youngme Moon; B. J. Fogg; Byron Reeves; Chris Dryer

    1995-01-01

    The present study demonstrates that (1) computer personalities can be easily created using a minimal set of cues, and (2) that people will respond to these personalities in the same way they would respond to similar human personalities. The present study focuses on the “simikirityattraction hypothesis,” which predicts that people will prefer to interact with others who are similar in

  19. Paranoid personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorder - paranoid ... Cause of paranoid personality disorder is unknown. The disorder appears to be more common in families with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and delusional ...

  20. Borderline personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorder - borderline ... Cause of borderline personality disorder is unknown. Genetic, family, and social factors are thought to play roles. Risk factors for BPD include: Abandonment in ...

  1. A mechano-chemiosmotic model for the coupling of electron and proton transfer to ATP synthesis in energy-transforming membranes: a personal perspective.

    PubMed

    Kasumov, Eldar A; Kasumov, Ruslan E; Kasumova, Irina V

    2015-01-01

    ATP is synthesized using ATP synthase by utilizing energy either from the oxidation of organic compounds, or from light, via redox reactions (oxidative- or photo phosphorylation), in energy-transforming membranes of mitochondria, chloroplasts, and bacteria. ATP synthase undergoes several changes during its functioning. The generally accepted model for ATP synthesis is the well-known rotatory model (see e.g., Junge et al., Nature 459:364-370, 2009; Junge and Müller, Science 333:704-705, 2011). Here, we present an alternative modified model for the coupling of electron and proton transfer to ATP synthesis, which was initially developed by Albert Lester Lehninger (1917-1986). Details of the molecular mechanism of ATP synthesis are described here that involves cyclic low-amplitude shrinkage and swelling of mitochondria. A comparison of the well-known current model and the mechano-chemiosmotic model is also presented. Based on structural, and other data, we suggest that ATP synthase is a Ca(2+)/H(+)-K(+) Cl(-)-pump-pore-enzyme complex, in which ?-subunit rotates 360° in steps of 30°, and 90° due to the binding of phosphate ions to positively charged amino acid residues in the N-terminal ?-subunit, while in the electric field. The coiled coil b 2-subunits are suggested to act as ropes that are shortened by binding of phosphate ions to positively charged lysines or arginines; this process is suggested to pull the ? 3 ? 3-hexamer to the membrane during the energization process. ATP is then synthesized during the reverse rotation of the ?-subunit by destabilizing the phosphated N-terminal ?-subunit and b 2-subunits under the influence of Ca(2+) ions, which are pumped over from storage-intermembrane space into the matrix, during swelling of intermembrane space. In the process of ATP synthesis, energy is first, predominantly, used in the delivery of phosphate ions and protons to the ? 3 ? 3-hexamer against the energy barrier with the help of C-terminal alpha-helix of ?-subunit that acts as a lift; then, in the formation of phosphoryl group; and lastly, in the release of ATP molecules from the active center of the enzyme and the loading of ADP. We are aware that our model is not an accepted model for ATP synthesis, but it is presented here for further examination and test. PMID:25266924

  2. Pharmacogenetics and personal genomes

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, Michael J

    2010-01-01

    While pharmacogenetics - the correlation of genotype and response to medicines - currently has a small but measurable impact on the prescribing practice of clinicians, the advent of the `personal genome' is likely to change this significantly. Advances in high-throughput technologies aimed at characterizing human genetic variation, including chip-based genotyping and next-generation sequencing, are poised to provide a flood of information that will affect both pharmacogenetic discovery and pharmacogenetic application in clinical practice. In order for this flood of information to not overwhelm both researchers and clinicians alike, a variety of new and expanded information management tools will be needed, including electronic medical records, bioinformatic algorithms for analyzing sequence data, information management systems for storing, retrieving and interpreting whole-genome sequence data, and pharmacogenetic decision tools for prescribers. PMID:20190862

  3. A prototype electronic encyclopedia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen A. Weyer; Alan H. Borning

    1985-01-01

    We describe a prototype electronic encyclopedia implemented on a powerful personal computer, in which user interface, media presentation, and knowledge representation techniques are applied to improving access to a knowledge resource. In itself, an electronic encyclopedia is an important information resource, but this work also illustrates the issues and approaches for many types of electronic information retrieval environments. In the

  4. Managing Your Personal Brand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gander, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Everyone has a personal brand. To ensure success at work you need to manage your personal brand which is made up of your tangible and intangible attributes. This paper reviews the literature around personal branding, looks at some of the attributes and discusses ways you can reflect and begin to build your personal brand in a higher education…

  5. Personality and dementia.

    PubMed

    Cipriani, Gabriele; Borin, Gemma; Del Debbio, Alessandro; Di Fiorino, Mario

    2015-03-01

    Personality describes persistent human behavioral responses to broad classes of environmental stimuli. Change in personality may be an early sign of dementia. Our goal was to review scientific literature on the association between personality and dementia. Medline and Google Scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters, and books published since 1980. Search terms used included personality, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies. People with dementia commonly exhibit changes in personality that sometimes precede the other early clinical manifestations of the condition, such as cognitive impairment. Premorbid personality might be a determining factor so that caricature or exaggeration of original personality emerges as dementia progresses. Although it is generally accepted that these personality changes reflect the impact of progressive brain damage, there are several possible patterns of personality alterations with dementia. Early identification of personality modifications might assist with the timely diagnosis of dementia. PMID:25714255

  6. Collaborative Electronic Notebooks as Electronic Records: Design Issues for the Secure Electronic Laboratory Notebook (ELN)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. Myers; James D

    2003-01-01

    Current electronic notebooks (EN) can be grouped roughly into two general classes - personal\\/group productivity tools and enterprise records\\/knowledge management systems. Personal\\/group productivity-oriented ENs extend the notebook metaphor in terms of supporting multimedia annotations, automating workflow and data processing, supporting simultaneous use by distributed researchers, providing displays on personal digital assistants

  7. AIR TOXICS EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRONICS INCINERATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this project is to examine the emissions of air toxics from the combustion of electronics equipment, primarily personal computer components. Due to a shortage of recycling programs for personal computers and other personal electronics equipment, most of these mate...

  8. 41 CFR 102-38.145 - Must we allow for inspection of the personal property to be sold?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...must allow for an electronic or physical inspection of the personal property to be sold. You...inspection is restricted to electronic inspections only, due to unusual circumstances prohibiting...Regional Personal Property Office in...

  9. Personality and Fibromyalgia Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Malin, Katrina; Littlejohn, Geoffrey O

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: We aimed to review how personality characteristics contribute to the onset, maintenance or modulation of fibromyalgia. Method: The databases Medline and PsychINFO were examined from 1967 to 2012 to identify studies that investigated associations between fibromyalgia and personality. Search terms included fibromyalgia and personality, trait psychology, characteristics and individual differences. Results: Numerous studies indicate that patients with fibromyalgia experience psychological distress. Various instruments have been used to evaluate distress and related psychological domains, such as anxiety or depression, in fibromyalgia. In many cases, these same instruments have been used to study personality characteristics in fibromyalgia with a subsequent blurring of cause and effect between personality and psychological distress. In addition, the symptoms of fibromyalgia may change pre-illness personality characteristics themselves. These issues make it difficult to identify specific personality characteristics that might influence the fibromyalgia process. Despite this inherent problem with the methodologies used in the studies that make up this literature review, or perhaps because of it, we found no defined personality profile specific to fibromyalgia. However, many patients with fibromyalgia do show personality characteristics that facilitate psychological responses to stressful situations, such as catastrophising or poor coping techniques, and these in turn associate with mechanisms contributing to fibromyalgia. Conclusion: No specific fibromyalgia personality is defined but it is proposed that personality is an important filter that modulates a person’s response to psychological stressors. Certain personalities may facilitate translation of these stressors to physiological responses driving the fibromyalgia mechanism. PMID:23002409

  10. Personal identity, multiple personality, and hypnosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Sutcliffe; Jean Jones

    1962-01-01

    The concept of multiple personality ia critically examined in the light of its historical development. Various conceptions of multiple personality are considered: aa a diagnostic fashion; aa a product of shaping in therapy; as a product of hypnotic suggestion; as simulation; and aa an extension of characteristica found in “normal” personslitiea. These considerations lead to the conclusion that the significant

  11. Personal memory telling and personality development.

    PubMed

    Thorne, A

    2000-01-01

    Although personal memories have been appreciated by psychologists for nearly a century, their significance for personality development has tended to be relegated to internalized representations of early childhood experiences. Recent research, however, suggests that adolescence and early adulthood are the most memorable parts of the life span and perhaps the broadest period of memory telling. This article integrates recent work in cognitive and developmental psychology into a framework for studying how and why tellers proffer and make sense of momentous emotional events, and how families and friends collude in self-making. Promising areas for future research include individual differences in readiness for memory telling, gendered ecologies of memory telling, the developmental significance of parents' stories, and reconciling personal memories and personality traits. Personal memory telling is not just for fun and entertainment, but, more important, drives social and emotional development in concrete moments of social life. PMID:15710560

  12. Persons, imposters, and monsters

    E-print Network

    Podobryaev, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation is about person features, their representation and interpretation in natural language. I will argue that there are several ways in which person features can be represented and interpreted. Most importantly, ...

  13. Personal Health History Name: _____________________________________________________________________________________________

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Robert M.

    _________________________________________________ __________ _________________________________________________ __________ Mental illnesses Year diagnosedActivity 2 Personal Health History Name: ________________________________________ Ethnicity: _________________________________ Medical History: Previous operations Year Hospital

  14. Perspective: Balancing Personalized Medicine and Personalized Care

    PubMed Central

    Cornetta, Kenneth; Brown, Candy Gunther

    2013-01-01

    The current description of personalized medicine by the National Institutes of Health is “the science of individualized prevention and therapy.” Although physicians are just beginning to see the promise of genetic medicine coming to fruition, the rapid pace of sequencing technology, informatics, and computer science predict a true revolution in the ability to care for patients in the near future. The enthusiasm expressed by researchers is well founded, but the expectations voiced by the public do not center on advancing technology. Rather, patients are asking for personalized care: a holistic approach that considers an individual’s physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. This perspective considers psychological, religious, and ethical challenges that may arise as the precision of preventive medicine improves. Psychological studies already highlight the barriers to single gene testing and suggest significant barriers to the predictive testing envisioned by personalized medicine. Certain religious groups will likely mount opposition if they believe personalized medicine encourages embryo selection. If the technology prompts cost-containment discussions, those concerned about the sanctity of life may raise ethical objections. Consequently, the availability of new scientific developments does not guarantee advances in treatment because patients may prove unwilling to receive and act upon personalized genetic information. This perspective highlights current efforts to incorporate personalized medicine and personalized care into the medical curriculum, genetic counseling, and other aspects of clinical practice. As these efforts are generally independent, the authors offer recommendations for physicians and educators so that personalized medicine can be implemented in a manner that meets patient expectations for personalized care. PMID:23348082

  15. Attachment and Personality Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Preeti; Sharan, Pratap

    2007-01-01

    Personality disorders (PDs) arise from core psychopathology of interpersonal relationships and understanding of self and others. The distorted representations of self and others, as well as unhealthy relationships that characterize persons with various PDs, indicate the possibility that persons with PDs have insecure attachment. Insecure…

  16. Personality profiles of cultures: aggregate personality traits.

    PubMed

    McCrae, Robert R; Terracciano, Antonio

    2005-09-01

    Personality profiles of cultures can be operationalized as the mean trait levels of culture members. College students from 51 cultures rated an individual from their country whom they knew well (N=12,156). Aggregate scores on Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) scales generalized across age and sex groups, approximated the individual-level 5-factor model, and correlated with aggregate self-report personality scores and other culture-level variables. Results were not attributable to national differences in economic development or to acquiescence. Geographical differences in scale variances and mean levels were replicated, with Europeans and Americans generally scoring higher in Extraversion than Asians and Africans. Findings support the rough scalar equivalence of NEO-PI-R factors and facets across cultures and suggest that aggregate personality profiles provide insight into cultural differences. PMID:16248722

  17. IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF ELECTRONIC MAIL: UPDATED

    E-print Network

    , and business organizations throughout the world to exchange personal and business information. Electronic mail the world to exchange personal and business information. The popularity and widespread use of electronicMarch 2007 IMPROVING THE SECURITY OF ELECTRONIC MAIL: UPDATED GUIDELINES ISSUED BY NIST IMPROVING

  18. Sociogenomic Personality Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

  19. Consulting in Electronic Commerce

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Florentina Loredana Tache; Florin Postolache; Catalin Nachila; Maria Alexandra Ivan

    2010-01-01

    Economic development of electronic services provide advice and many agents of existing referral systems to recommend and provide products, information and customized views of the community through a personalized interaction in real time. Distributed systems of autonomous agents are becoming increasingly important in electronic comet because the basic decisions of agents advice on trust and reputation are taken in a

  20. Privacy and personal health data in cyberspace.

    PubMed

    Day, J

    2001-02-15

    In this series of articles, the author discusses the potential risks, benefits, and liabilities associated with using electronic communications and computer-based records to manage a patient's medical information. This second article in the series considers the role and responsibility of the healthcare professional in collecting and sharing a patient's private personal and medical data in online environments. Current practices and the potential pitfalls of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) are reviewed. PMID:12167943

  1. Libraries without Resources: Towards Personal Collections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savenije, Bas; Grygierczyk, Natalia

    The main function of the library of the future is to provide access to electronic sources stored elsewhere. In order to comply with the users' needs, therefore, flexible license scenarios are necessary. Another future function of the library will be to set up and maintain a personal alerting system and to assist users in organizing their own…

  2. Energy consumption of personal computer workstations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. F. Szydlowski; W. D. Jr. Chvala

    1994-01-01

    The explosive growth of the information age has had a profound effect on the appearance of today`s office. Although the telephone still remains an important part of the information exchange and processing system within an office, other electronic devices are now considered required equipment within this environment. This office automation equipment includes facsimile machines, photocopiers, personal computers, printers, modems, and

  3. Treatment of personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Bateman, Anthony W; Gunderson, John; Mulder, Roger

    2015-02-21

    The evidence base for the effective treatment of personality disorders is insufficient. Most of the existing evidence on personality disorder is for the treatment of borderline personality disorder, but even this is limited by the small sample sizes and short follow-up in clinical trials, the wide range of core outcome measures used by studies, and poor control of coexisting psychopathology. Psychological or psychosocial intervention is recommended as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder and pharmacotherapy is only advised as an adjunctive treatment. The amount of research about the underlying, abnormal, psychological or biological processes leading to the manifestation of a disordered personality is increasing, which could lead to more effective interventions. The synergistic or antagonistic interaction of psychotherapies and drugs for treating personality disorder should be studied in conjunction with their mechanisms of change throughout the development of each. PMID:25706219

  4. Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron-

    E-print Network

    Martin, Milo M. K.

    Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron- ics itself. The advantages of integration will bring about a proliferation of electronics, and personal portable communications equipment. The electronic wrist- watch needs only a display to be feasible

  5. Gender and Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayne E. Stake; Heather Eisele

    \\u000a Personality is the study of individual differences and thus holds promise for a better understanding of how our gendered society\\u000a shapes and reinforces differences in women’s and men’s attitudes, emotions, and behaviors. Two strengths of present-day personality\\u000a research are particularly relevant for the study of gender. First, personality researchers gather data from large samples\\u000a of normally functioning individuals and emphasize

  6. Personality and anxiety disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mina Brandes; O. Joseph Bienvenu

    2006-01-01

    Personality traits and most anxiety disorders are strongly related. In this article, we review existing evidence for ways\\u000a in which personality traits may relate to anxiety disorders: 1) as predisposing factors, 2) as consequences, 3) as results\\u000a of common etiologies, and 4) as pathoplastic factors. Based on current information, we conclude the following: 1) Personality\\u000a traits such as high neuroticism,

  7. Artifacts and Personal Identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolyn L. White; Mary C. Beaudry

    \\u000a Although historical archaeologists have generally neglected to apprehend the potent meanings of personal possessions, the\\u000a field is stirring. All too often, personal artifacts have been subsumed into broader categories of artifacts, their meanings\\u000a blurred or diminished. Personal artifacts have been assessed as subgroups classified by material, resulting in a muting of\\u000a the individual significance of particular artifacts and a preference

  8. EFFECT OF BACKGROUND AND TRANSPORT DOSE ON THE RESULTS OF THE PERSONAL DOSE EQUIVALENT HP(10) MEASUREMENTS IN PHOTON FIELDS OBTAINED DURING THE INTERCOMPARISON 2013 OF THE AFRICAN REGION.

    PubMed

    Arib, M; Herrati, A; Dari, F; Lounis-Mokrani, Z

    2014-11-27

    As part of the intercomparison on the measurement of personal dose equivalent Hp(10), jointly organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Algerian Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory, for the African region, up to 12 dosemeters were added to the packages of the 28 participants to evaluate the background and transport dose (BGTD), received by the dosemeters before and after their irradiation at the SSDL (environmental irradiations, scanning process at the airports, etc.). Out of the 28 participants, only 17 reported the corresponding BGTD measured values, which lied between 0.03 and 0.8 mSv. The mean measured value of BG was (0.25±0.14) mSv, which is significantly high compared with the lowest dose value used in the intercomparison exercise. The BGTD correction shifted the overall results of the intercomparison from an overestimation of dose (?8 % before applying BGT dose correction) to an underestimation of dose (-9 % after correction). The measurement protocol and the detailed analysis of the results and applied corrections are discussed in this paper. PMID:25433048

  9. PERSONAL DETAILS Home Address

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    PERSONAL DETAILS Name: Home Address: Term Address: Mobile Tel: Home Tel: Email: Date of Birth: Sex: ........................................................................................................................................................................... Date of Birth: ................................................................. Sex: Male Female: .............................................................................................................................................................. Year of study (2012

  10. A Temporal Pattern Search Algorithm for Personal History Event Visualization

    E-print Network

    Shneiderman, Ben

    focused on temporal events and their temporal patterns in a variety of domains: health care and electronic1 A Temporal Pattern Search Algorithm for Personal History Event Visualization Taowei David Wang algorithm for searching for temporal patterns of events in historical personal histories. The traditional

  11. Personal Digital Assistants – teachers prefer the personal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jocelyn Wishart

    Abstract This paper will present the results of a small-scale project, funded by the UK Teacher Development Agency, where 13 teachers and 3 trainee teachers in one secondary school science department were given handhelds (Personal Digital Assistants or PDAs) with cameras and internet access for the academic year. The aims were: • to build capacity - enabling trainee teachers to

  12. Sample Personal History Statement Personal History Statement

    E-print Network

    Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

    reconcile somehow her personal life and past with her new career and future. Finding myself on the verge background informs your decision to pursue a graduate degree. Please include any educational, cultural informs her decision to pursue graduate studies in history. With permission of the author, I have

  13. Personal Information Request Request for Personal Information

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    Information Personal information on this form is collected under Newfoundland and Labrador's Access: (YYYY-MM-DD) Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Memorial University of Newfoundland #12, payable to the Newfoundland Exchequer). · Please note that if the public body does not respond within 30

  14. Personal Characteristics. Career Guidance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

    Materials contained in this career guidance unit are designed to direct the attention of the senior high school student to five types of personal characteristics to facilitate a more realistic career exploration: abilities, interests, values, physical traits, and personal and social behavior. The two- to three-hour unit contains self-instruction,…

  15. Personality Theory and TESOL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Shalabi, M. Fadi; Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, it is argued, based on evidence from psychological literature, that there are three major approaches to the study of personality, namely (1) situationism, (2) interactionism, and (3) constructivism. It is also noticed that these approaches have resulted in the emergence of three major types of personality theories: (i) type…

  16. Evaluating Personalized Risk Messages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Neil D.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    An experiment with 766 homeowners compared 3 strategies for delivering radon test results to homeowners. Small improvements in consumer satisfaction were found for personalized messages (a telephone call or personal letter) over a form letter. No detectable improvement was found in recall of advice or compliance for any strategy. (SLD)

  17. Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki

    E-print Network

    Eirinaki, Magdalini

    Web Mining for Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki Michalis Vazirgiannis Athens University of Economics and Business Department of Informatics #12;M.Eirinaki, M. Vazirgiannis Web Mining for Web Personalization 2PKDD 2005 Introduction Continuous growth in the size and the use of WWW Large and complicated web

  18. The Technological Personality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivers, Richard

    2004-01-01

    If technology is the single most important factor in explaining the organization of modern societies, it is likewise the key to understanding the modern personality. The technological personality is the psychological counterpart to the technological society.Technology indirectly destroys the basis of a common morality and so leaves human…

  19. Histrionic personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Histrionic personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people act in a very emotional and dramatic way that ... Cause of histrionic personality disorder is unknown. Genes and ... may be responsible. It is diagnosed more often in women than in ...

  20. Learning Gets Personal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLester, Susan

    2011-01-01

    At education conferences, as well as in professional association reports, as a target area of funding for nonprofit foundations and in the literature of industry vendors, the term, "personalized learning" has taken center stage in an arena already crowded with complex and long-standing issues and concerns. While personalized learning is making…

  1. FITNESS INSTRUCTOR -Personal Training -

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    FITNESS INSTRUCTOR TRAINING - Personal Training - Joseph Agnew, Fitness Coordinator Website: joseph.agnew@unlv.edu srwc.unlv.edu 702-774-7126 702-774-7100 UNLV Campus Recreational Services Fitness Instructor Training (F.I.T.) course combines lecture & practical appli- cation to cover the basics of personal fitness

  2. Personal Literacy Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knotts, Lester William

    Literacy is inextricably linked to the social context in which literacy is taught, and in which the language is used. Cultural expectations require the use of specific literacies. Who a person is, in terms of a literacy user and a literacy worker are dictated by the culture in which a person chooses to operate. Literacy is not neutral, but an…

  3. The Creative Personality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selby, Edwin C.; Shaw, Emily J.; Houtz, John C.

    2005-01-01

    The study of the creative personality has established itself as a major avenue of research on creativity and creative problem solving, other areas being creative process, product, and environment (or press). With respect to personality research, over the past 50-plus years, many studies have examined characteristics, attitudes, preferences,…

  4. Personal Food System Mapping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilsey, David; Dover, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Personal food system mapping is a practical means to engage community participants and educators in individualized and shared learning about food systems, decisions, and behaviors. Moreover, it is a useful approach for introducing the food system concept, which is somewhat abstract. We developed the approach to capture diversity of personal food…

  5. Mohamed Atta's Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aubrey Immelman

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a posthumous, indirect assessment of the personality of Mohamed Atta, apparent ringleader in the September 11, 2001 terror attack on the World Trade Center, from the conceptual perspective of Theodore Millon. Information concerning Mohamed Atta was collected from media reports and synthesized into a personality profile using the second edition of the Millon Inventory

  6. Measuring Personal Service Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youcheng Wang; Thomas E. Pearson

    2002-01-01

    This study examined the personal service quality of international tourism hotels in China by measuring international hotel customer's satisfaction level and their perceived importance evaluation of personal service attributes. Six international hotels in Beijing and three departments (reception, food and beverage, and housekeeping) in each hotel were selected in this study. Responses from 472 customers were used for the data

  7. Person and consciousness.

    PubMed

    Crosby, J F

    2000-04-01

    My interlocuter is Locke with his reduction of person to personal consciousness. This reduction is a main reason preventing people from acknowledging the personhood of the earliest human embryo, which lacks all personal consciousness. I show that Catholic Christians who live the sacramental life of the Church have reason to think that they are, as persons, vastly more than what they experience themselves to be, for they believe that the sacraments work effects in them as persons that can only be believed but that cannot be experienced within themselves in this life. I also show that Christians and non-Christians alike have an experience of moral good and evil in themselves that implies that they are, as moral persons, far more than they find in their conscious self-presence. It is, therefore, natural to think that if my being a person so far exceeds my consciousness, I may well have once existed as person even before the awakening of consciousness. PMID:12166490

  8. The Genetics of Personality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Constance

    1987-01-01

    Reports on the findings of several studies into the genetic similarities of twins. Focuses on the relationships between personality and behavioral genetics and argues that genetic similarity seems to be a better predictor than environmental factors. Discusses psychopathology, cognitive abilities, and personality. (TW)

  9. Borderline Personality Disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... factors are likely to be involved. Studies on twins with BPD suggest that the illness is strongly inherited. Another study shows that a person can inherit his or her temperament and specific personality traits, particularly impulsiveness and aggression. Scientists are studying ...

  10. Borderline Personality Disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... factors are likely to be involved. Studies on twins with borderline personality disorder suggest that the illness is strongly inherited. ... Onstad S, Edvardsen J, Tambs K, Kringlen E. A twin study of personality disorders. Compr Psychiatry . 2000 Nov–Dec;41(6): ...

  11. Personalizing Math Word Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, Cecilia L.

    The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three levels of personalization--individual, group, and non-personalized--on the achievement of seventh grade Hispanic boys and girls on mathematics word problems. Subjects were 123 seventh grade Hispanic students from a rural junior high school near Phoenix, Arizona. A pretest…

  12. Personality, relationships, and health.

    PubMed

    Markey, Charlotte N; Markey, Patrick M

    2014-12-01

    This special issue of the Journal of Personality focuses on the importance of considering both personality and relationship forces when examining physical and psychological health. The nine articles presented in this issue employed a variety of research designs, theoretical rationales, health outcomes, and advanced statistical methodologies in order to better understand how both individual differences and social factors are relevant to our health. These articles embody several prominent themes: Conscientiousness is a robust predictor of health; traits beyond the Five-Factor Model should be considered in attempts to understand personality, relationships, and health; links among personality, relationships, and health begin early in life; and relationship transitions are consequential to health. It is hoped that these studies inspire personality researchers to consider the relationship context of health and relationship researchers to consider individual differences when attempting to understand health behaviors and outcomes. PMID:24299020

  13. Individual Differences and Animal Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Locurto

    2006-01-01

    The study of personality in animals has attracted considerable empirical attention beginning with Pavlov's identification of personality types in dogs. Subsequent work has revealed a number of similarities in personality between humans and nonhu- man animals. A number of personality traits that are typically identified in studies of human personality, including aspects of neuroticism and extraversion, have also been isolated

  14. Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory

    E-print Network

    Schacter, Daniel

    Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory Modifying memory: Selectively enhancing and updating personal memories for a museum Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA Center

  15. The temporal relationship of personality traits to personality disorders

    E-print Network

    Warner, Megan Beth

    2002-01-01

    Personality disorders are presumed to be stable because of underlying stable and maladaptive personality traits. It has been argued that it is the stability of these traits that makes personality disorders difficult to treat. Previous research has...

  16. Electronic Router

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crusan, Jason

    2005-01-01

    Electronic Router (E-Router) is an application program for routing documents among the cognizant individuals in a government agency or other organization. E-Router supplants a prior 14 NASA Tech Briefs, May 2005 system in which paper documents were routed physically in packages by use of paper slips, packages could be lost, routing times were unacceptably long, tracking of packages was difficult, and there was a need for much photocopying. E-Router enables a user to create a digital package to be routed. Input accepted by E-Router includes the title of the package, the person(s) to whom the package is to be routed, attached files, and comments to reviewers. Electronic mail is used to notify reviewers of needed actions. The creator of the package can, at any time, see the status of the package in the routing structure. At the end of the routing process, E-Router keeps a record of the package and of approvals and/or concurrences of the reviewers. There are commercial programs that perform the general functions of E-Router, but they are more complicated. E-Router is Web-based, easy to use, and does not require the installation or use of client software.

  17. First Person Arts - The First Person Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The First Person Museum is part of the First Person Arts organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and its goal is to "transform the drama of real life into memoir and documentary art." The First Person Museum exhibit, which debuted a physical gallery of "meaningful stories behind objects", gives people a place to display their objects and the stories that go with them. The online gallery of these stories is available to the visitor by clicking on "The Gallery", where a grid of pictures of objects can be scrolled over for a brief description. Each description includes information about who submitted the picture, when the picture was submitted, the picture's "Theme", and "Object Type". Some of the themes include "From the Heart", "Generation to Generation", "Good Times", and "To Remember You By". Visitors can also browse the Gallery by "Theme", "Object Type", and "Most Recent". Many of the stories about the objects are just a few sentences, some like "The Locket" are touching, while others are clever and funny such as "Squeaky Clean: How My Cat Became Clutter", about a cremated cat whose ashes are taking up space. All visitors are invited to submit a story for the online or future physical gallery.

  18. PERSONAL COMPUTERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    EPA Science Inventory

    This article discusses how personal computers can be applied to environmental engineering. fter explaining some of the differences between mainframe and Personal computers, we will review the development of personal computers and describe the areas of data management, interactive...

  19. PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF

    E-print Network

    March 2005 PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES AND CONTRACTORS: FEDERAL A new Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) for a government- wide personal identity enhance security, increase government efficiency, reduce identity fraud, and protect personal privacy

  20. Experimental simulation of personal dosimetry in production of medical radioisotopes by research reactor.

    PubMed

    Mossadegh, N; Karimian, A; Shahhosseini, E; Mohammadzadeh, A; Sheibani, Sh

    2011-09-01

    Due to their work conditions, research reactor personnel are exposed to ionising nuclear radiations. Because the absorbed dose values are different for different tissues due to variations in sensitivity, in this work personal dosimetry has been performed under normal working conditions at anatomical locations relevant to more sensitive tissues as well as for the whole body by employing a Rando phantom and thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs). Fifty-two TLDs-100H were positioned at high-risk organ locations such as the thyroid, eyes as well as the left breast, which was used to assess the whole-body dose in order to study the absorbed doses originating from selected locations in the vicinity of the reactor. The results have employed the tissue weighting factors based on International Commission on Radiological Protection ICRP 103 and ICRP 60 and the measured results were below the dose limits recommended by ICRP. The mean effective dose rates calculated from ICRP 103 were the following: whole body, 30.64-6.44 µSv h(-1); thyroid, 1.22-0.23 µSv h(-1); prostate, 0.085-0.045 µSv h(-1); gonads, 1.00-0.51 µSv h(-1); breast, 3.68-0.77 µSv h(-1); and eyes, 33.74-7.01 µSv h(-1). PMID:21862507

  1. 20 CFR 416.1216 - Exclusion of household goods and personal effects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...regular basis; or (ii) Items needed by the householder...a home. (2) Such items include but are not limited...Furniture, appliances, electronic equipment such as personal...count personal effects as resources to an individual (and...if they are: (i) Items of personal...

  2. Personal Finance Calculations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Argo, Mark

    1982-01-01

    Contains explanations and examples of mathematical calculations for a secondary level course on personal finance. How to calculate total monetary cost of an item, monthly payments, different types of interest, annual percentage rates, and unit pricing is explained. (RM)

  3. Part Two. Personal Voices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, David C.

    1979-01-01

    Presents people's experiences and perceptions of events in four lesson plans. Includes personal accounts of people moving westward, one family's decision to migrate to America, Lucy Stone and women's rights, and Langston Hughes' high school days. (CK)

  4. PERSONAL DETAILS Home Address

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    PERSONAL DETAILS Name: Home Address: Term Address: Mobile Tel: Home Tel: Email: Date of Birth: Sex: I Male I Female School Attended: COURSE DETAILS CAO/Student No Course Title Year Under/Post Grad:........................................................................................................................................................................... Home Address

  5. Personalized building comfort control

    E-print Network

    Feldmeier, Mark Christopher, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Creating an appropriate indoor climate is essential to worker productivity and personal happiness. It is also an area of large expenditure for building owners. And, with rising fuel costs, finding ways of reducing energy ...

  6. Personalized diabetes management

    E-print Network

    O'Hair, Allison Kelly

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, we present a system to make personalized lifestyle and health decisions for diabetes management, as well as for general health and diet management. In particular, we address the following components of the ...

  7. MARC CHOISY PERSONAL DETAILS

    E-print Network

    Roche, Benjamin

    MARC CHOISY PERSONAL DETAILS Date of birth: 30th of October 1976. Citizenship: French. Martial in Population Biology. University of Montpellier, France. 1999 (2 hours). The exponential law in biology. BSc

  8. Schizoid personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is unknown. This disorder may be related to schizophrenia and shares many of the same risk factors. ... personality disorder is generally not as disabling as schizophrenia. It does not cause the disconnection from reality ( ...

  9. Personal Wellness Tools

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Dave’s Spark Creativity Center Wellness plan Wellness tips & books Personal journal Facing Us Radio E-postcards Multimedia room full of inspirational stories DBSA Wellness Tracker The DBSA Wellness Tracker is ...

  10. Personalized facial attractiveness prediction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob Whitehill; Javier R. Movellan

    2008-01-01

    We present an approach to learning the personal pref- erences of individual users directly from example images. The target application is computer assisted search of part- ners in online dating services. The proposed approach is based on the use of \\

  11. Personal Web Pages

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    As almost every user will admit, personal Webpages are often far from the Internet's strong point. Uninspired, incomprehensible, and sometimes almost unreadable, many personal pages seem more a waste of bandwidth than anything else. This site, an About.com guide created and maintained by Linda Roeder, offers hope and help in the form of a number of articles and numerous related resources to help users design and create their own personal Webpages. Beginners should start with the Creating a Web Site Tutorial, while others will benefit from the archive of weekly articles, tips of the day, design tools, and product reviews. In addition to covering the process of creating and maintaining a personal Website, the guide addresses topics such as online diaries, Webcams, statistics-keeping, and Webrings.

  12. Molecular genetics of personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurtis L. Noblett; Emil F. Coccaro

    2005-01-01

    Although initial reports of genetic contributions to personality dimensions were promising, continued empirical support remains\\u000a controversial. The focus has largely revolved around polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region\\u000a and the D4 dopamine receptor subtype. Equivocal findings likely stem from numerous sources including ethnic diversity of subject\\u000a samples, phenotypic characterization of personality traits, and insufficient sample sizes. Research has

  13. Clothing and personal hygiene

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Finogenov, A. M.; Azhayev, A. N.; Kaliberdin, G. V.

    1975-01-01

    The biomedical maintenance of astronauts is discussed in terms of personal hygiene. Principal characteristics and general requirements are described which must be followed in perfecting a system of hygienic practices and in devising means to maintain personal hygiene, flight clothing, underwear, bedding, and medical-domestic equipment for manned space flights of varying durations. Factors discussed include: disposable clothing, thermal protection, oral hygiene, cleansing of the skin, and grooming of the hair.

  14. Borderline personality disorder

    PubMed Central

    Paris, Joel

    2005-01-01

    BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by marked impulsivity, instability of mood and interpersonal relationships, and suicidal behaviour that can complicate medical care. Identifying this diagnosis is important for treatment planning. Although the cause of borderline personality disorder is uncertain, most patients improve with time. There is an evidence base for treatment using both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. The clinical challenge centres on managing chronic suicidality. PMID:15939918

  15. Personality and Temperament

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Rachelle Riso Lilenfeld; Riso Lilenfeld

    \\u000a The assessment of personality and temperament in the context of eating disorders (EDs) poses unique challenges because of\\u000a the physiological symptoms and sequelae of these illnesses. Four models of the relationship between personality and EDs are\\u000a presented, along with a discussion of the different methodological designs which can evaluate these models. Current data support\\u000a the likelihood that neuroticism and perfectionism

  16. Personality and psychopathology

    PubMed Central

    A. WIDIGER, THOMAS

    2011-01-01

    Personality and psychopathology can relate to one another in three different ways: personality and psychopathology can influence the presentation or appearance of one another (pathoplastic relationships); they can share a common, underlying etiology (spectrum relationships); and they can have a causal role in the development or etiology of one another. Each of these possible forms of inter-relationship is considered in this paper. PMID:21633679

  17. First Person History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Merkley

    2007-11-30

    You will choose an event in history to research, and use pictures to provide evidence. 1. Using \\"Hyper History Online\\", \\"American Studies Links\\" and \\"History Matters\\", select an event or person in history (for example, the sinking of the Lusitania or Andrew Jackson). History Matters American Studies Links Recommended by Richard P. Horowitz Hyper History Online 2. Research this person or event using the above resources. 3. Search \\"Images of American Political History\\" for pictures that relate to your ...

  18. Neuroimaging and personality disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael S. McCloskey; K. Luan Phan; Emil F. Coccaro

    2005-01-01

    Within the past several years, neuroimaging research on personality disorders has begun to develop. Personality disorders\\u000a can be thought of as trait-like dysfunctional patterns in cognitive, affective, impulse control, and interpersonal domains.\\u000a These domains of dysfunction have been linked to specific neural circuits. Developments in brain imaging techniques have allowed\\u000a researchers to examine the neural integrity of these circuits in

  19. Personality in frozen shoulder

    PubMed Central

    Fleming, A.; Dodman, Sally; Beer, T. C.; Crown, S.

    1976-01-01

    Fleming, A., Dodman, S., Beer, T. C., and Crown, S. (1976).Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 35, 456-457. Personality in frozen shoulder. Fifty-six patients with frozen shoulder have had their personality profiles investigated by means of the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire. Females showed significantly increased somatic anxiety compared with controls. It is suggested that this may be important both to aetiology and treatment. Males and females should be assessed separately in future studies of frozen shoulder. PMID:1234412

  20. Banking on Health: Personal Records and Information Exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marion J. Ball; Jonathan Gold

    Consumer demand for personal health records (PHRs) and the capabilities provided by regional health information organizations (RHIOs) will change healthcare, just as automatic teller machines have changed banking.The PHR is predicated on the existence of electronic medical records (EMRs) and electronic health records (EHRs). Patient and consumer principles guiding the development of the PHR reflect issues of access, control, privacy,

  1. Perfectionism and multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) indices of personality disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul L. Hewitt; Gordon L. Flett; Wendy Turnbull

    1992-01-01

    The present research tested the hypothesis that personal and social aspects of the perfectionism construct are related differentially to indices of personality disorders. A sample of 90 psychiatric patients was examined with respect to their scores on the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS) and the personality disorder subscales (PDS) of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. The MPS provides measures of self-oriented,

  2. Translating Personality Psychology to Help Personalize Preventive Medicine for Young-Adult Patients

    PubMed Central

    Israel, Salomon; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Belsky, Daniel W.; Hancox, Robert J.; Poulton, Richie; Roberts, Brent; Thomson, W. Murray; Caspi, Avshalom

    2014-01-01

    The rising number of newly insured young adults brought on by healthcare reform will soon increase demands on primary-care physicians. Physicians will face more young-adult patients which presents an opportunity for more prevention-oriented care. In the current study, we evaluated whether brief observer reports of young adults’ personality traits could predict which individuals would be at greater risk for poor health as they entered midlife. Following the Dunedin Study cohort of 1,000 individuals, we show that very brief measures of young adults’ personalities predicted their midlife physical health across multiple domains (metabolic abnormalities, cardiorespiratory fitness, pulmonary function, periodontal disease, and systemic inflammation). Individuals scoring low on the traits of Conscientiousness and Openness-to-Experience went on to develop poorer health even after accounting for preexisting differences in education, socioeconomic status, smoking, obesity, self-reported health, medical conditions, and family medical history. Moreover, personality ratings from peer informants who knew participants well, and from a nurse and receptionist who had just met participants for the first time, predicted health decline from young adulthood to midlife despite striking differences in level of acquaintance. Personality effect sizes were on par with other well-established health-risk factors such as socioeconomic status, smoking, and self-reported health. We discuss the potential utility of personality measurement to function as an inexpensive and accessible tool for healthcare professionals to personalize preventive medicine. Adding personality information to existing healthcare electronic infrastructures could also advance personality theory by generating opportunities to examine how personality processes influence doctor-patient communication, health service use, and patient outcomes. PMID:24588093

  3. Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization

    E-print Network

    Tanaka, Jiro

    Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization y Hironobu Aoki yy Jiro Tanaka y Master and Electronics,University of Tsukuba WWW Web Web Webgrep Webgrep 1 Web Web Web Web Web [1] My Yahoo! [2] MyNetscape [3] amazon.com [4] Web Web 2 Web Web |1| #12;1. Web 2. 3. 4. Web WWWC [5] Web Auto [6] Web 1 2 Web 3

  4. Learning person-person interaction in collective activity recognition.

    PubMed

    Chang, Xiaobin; Zheng, Wei-Shi; Zhang, Jianguo

    2015-06-01

    Collective activity is a collection of atomic activities (individual person's activity) and can hardly be distinguished by an atomic activity in isolation. The interactions among people are important cues for recognizing collective activity. In this paper, we concentrate on modeling the person-person interactions for collective activity recognition. Rather than relying on hand-craft description of the person-person interaction, we propose a novel learning-based approach that is capable of computing the class-specific person-person interaction patterns. In particular, we model each class of collective activity by an interaction matrix, which is designed to measure the connection between any pair of atomic activities in a collective activity instance. We then formulate an interaction response (IR) model by assembling all these measurements and make the IR class specific and distinct from each other. A multitask IR is further proposed to jointly learn different person-person interaction patterns simultaneously in order to learn the relation between different person-person interactions and keep more distinct activity-specific factor for each interaction at the same time. Our model is able to exploit discriminative low-rank representation of person-person interaction. Experimental results on two challenging data sets demonstrate our proposed model is comparable with the state-of-the-art models and show that learning person-person interactions plays a critical role in collective activity recognition. PMID:25769156

  5. Hidden places, uncommon persons.

    PubMed

    Kaufman, Sharon R

    2003-06-01

    Specialized hospital units recently created to house and maintain ventilator or other technology-dependent persons in the United States are new cultural forms that enable beings who are neither fully alive, biologically dead, nor "naturally" self-regulating, yet who are sustained by modern medical practices, to exist. These institutions both fabricate and complicate the persons who are patients there through surveillance and maintenance of their conditions. This article concerns the relationship of person to place when the consciousness of an individual, considered to be the essence of personhood in the modern Western philosophical tradition, is problematic because the person resides in a technologically produced border zone between life and death. The article explores the ways in which place and person become implicated one another: first, how consciousness and thus personhood is assessed and negotiated through the inter-subjective knowledge of hospital staff; second, how that knowledge is tied to the particular situate-dness of patients; and third, how embodiment itself-the reflexive knowledge of the-self-in-the-body-is perceived as emplaced in social and spatial relations. PMID:12719179

  6. The Electronic Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizell, Al P.; Centini, Barry M.

    The role of telecommunications in establishing the electronic classroom in distance education is illustrated. Using a computer-based doctoral program and the UNIX operating system as an example, how a personal computer and modem may be combined with a telephone line for instructional delivery is described. A number of issues must be addressed in…

  7. Microsoft: Personal Energy Meter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Microsoft's Education website offers several instructional resources, such as lesson plans and tutorials. Not suprisingly, the lessons and tutorials make use of Microsoft software products. The objectives for this lesson on measuring energy costs are: to analyze the amount and cost of energy used for personal day-to-day activities; to explore methods for and effects of conserving personal energy; and to advocate for better energy conservation. Students use Excel to keep track and analyze data they collect from one week of energy tracking at home. Among the resources provided by Microsoft is a Personal Energy Meter spreadsheet that students can use for this project. The website includes a step by step description of the activity along with links to some related online resources.

  8. 26 CFR 1.6055-2 - Electronic furnishing of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...cannot obtain the correct electronic address from the furnisher's...person within 30 days after the electronic notice is returned. (iii...in person if— (A) An electronic notice of the Web site posting...statements relate (or the first business day after October 15,...

  9. 26 CFR 301.6056-2 - Electronic furnishing of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2014-04-01 false Electronic furnishing of statements...person within 30 days after the electronic notice is returned. (iii...in person if— (A) An electronic notice of the Web site posting...statements relate (or the first business day after October 15,...

  10. State Personal Income Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

  11. Personalizing the School Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shore, Rebecca

    1998-01-01

    Distressed at student disregard of clearly communicated rules and regulations, a Huntington Beach (California) high school principal realized the delivery system was not personalized enough. Having administrators visit each English class to explain reasons behind the rules improved the situation. Also, a new block schedule improved teacher-student…

  12. Personalization in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yonezawa, Susan; McClure, Larry; Jones, Makeba

    2012-01-01

    Thoughtful educators personalize schools--greeting students by name, offering extra academic help, checking in about serious family problems. Some go further, such as setting up specialized clubs or internships with local businesses. Such acts benefit students, helping them feel connected to school and helping teachers and other staff respond to…

  13. Dynamic personalities of proteins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine Henzler-Wildman; Dorothee Kern

    2007-01-01

    Because proteins are central to cellular function, researchers have sought to uncover the secrets of how these complex macromolecules execute such a fascinating variety of functions. Although static structures are known for many proteins, the functions of proteins are governed ultimately by their dynamic character (or 'personality'). The dream is to 'watch' proteins in action in real time at atomic

  14. Curriculum Vitae Personal infomrations

    E-print Network

    Gribaudo, Marco

    Curriculum Vitae Personal infomrations: Marco Gribaudo, Born in Torino (Italy) on 27 libraries, written in Java language, and based on XML technology. Analysis of Computer Networks: study of mobile telephone networks, "Peer-to-Peer" (P2P) systems, and sensor and ad-hoc networks. Several

  15. Personal Liberty and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Monroe D., Ed.

    This volume contains articles addressing the topic of personal liberty and its relationship to education. Some of these are reprinted from publications issued by members of the Alliance of Associations for the Advancement of Education or cooperating associations; others were written expressly for this volume. A commentary by Nat Hentoff is…

  16. Augmenting shared personal calendars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Tullio; Jeremy Goecks; Elizabeth D. Mynatt; David H. Nguyen

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we describe Augur, a groupware calendar system to support personal calendaring practices, informal workplace communication, and the socio-technical evolution of the calendar system within a workgroup. Successful design and deployment of groupware calendar systems have been shown to depend on several converging, interacting perspectives. We describe calendar-based work practices as viewed from these perspectives, and present the

  17. First Person Shooter Game

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rex Cason II; Erik Larson II; Jonathan Robertson; Jonathan Frisch; George Trice III; Lakshmi Prayaga

    2009-01-01

    D game development is an exciting activity for many students. But getting a handle on 3D game development for novices may be a daunting task. We take this opportunity to present a quick introduction to 3D game development through a few tutorials. For the next few columns a set of tutorials for a 3D first person shooter game developed by

  18. First Person Shooter Game

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rex Cason II; Erik Larson; Jonathan Robertson; Jonathan Frisch; George Trice III; Lakshmi Prayaga

    2008-01-01

    D game development is an exciting activity for many students. But getting a handle on 3D game development for novices may be a daunting task. We take this opportunity to present a quick introduction to 3D game development through a few tutorials. For the next few columns a set of tutorials for a 3D first person shooter game developed by

  19. Personal, Seasonal Suns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutley, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an art project designed for upper-elementary students to (1) imagine visual differences in the sun's appearance during the four seasons; (2) develop ideas for visually translating their personal experiences regarding the seasons to their sun drawings; (3) create four distinctive seasonal suns using colors and imagery to…

  20. Sociophysics: a personal testimony

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serge Galam

    2004-01-01

    The origins of Sociophysics are discussed from a personal testimony. I trace back its history to the late 1970s. My 20 years of activities and research to establish and promote the field are reviewed. In particular, the conflicting nature of Sociophysics with the physics community is revealed from my own experience. Recent presentations of a supposed natural growth from Social

  1. Personal Statement Riitta Katila

    E-print Network

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    1 Personal Statement Riitta Katila http://engineering.stanford.edu/profile/rkatila How can large that combine new and existing resources (Katila and Ahuja, 2002; Ahuja and Katila, 2004), the unexpected potential of existing resources relative to new ones (Katila, 2002; Katila and Shane, 2005; Katila and Chen

  2. Personal Digital Assistants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard H. Wiggins III

    2004-01-01

    Personal digital assistant sales are growing exponentially, and as medical technology advances the amount of information available becomes staggering, making a handheld device, with the ability to store a great amount of information, progressively more valuable to health care providers. Mobile computing allows for a great deal of knowledge in a small package, creating a “walking library” with a mobile

  3. Servicing Personal Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heterick, Robert C.; Khanna, Raman

    1985-01-01

    The rapid proliferation of personal computers on many campuses has raised a number of questions as to how best to support them. An approach based upon network service machines is discussed. These services include mail, printing, plotting, batch execution, file storage, etc. (Author/MLW)

  4. Addiction, Personality and Motivation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. J. EYSENCK

    1997-01-01

    It is suggested that addictive behaviour, so called, fits into a psychological resource model. In other words, the habits in question are acquired because they serve a useful function for the individual, and the nature of the functions they fulfil is related to the personality profile of the 'addict'. For some people this resource function develops into a form of

  5. Personal Services Agreements Policy

    E-print Network

    employees contrary to this policy and its procedures, the costs of the services performed may be personal expenses of the CSM employee who authorized the performance of the work. Such costs, under statute [C reviews, and waivers from the review process. Through its regulatory powers, DPA requires CSM to adopt

  6. Personalized pseudophakic model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ribeiro, F.; Castanheira-Dinis, A.; Dias, J. M.

    2014-08-01

    With the aim of taking into account all optical aberrations, a personalized pseudophakic optical model was designed for refractive evaluation using ray tracing software. Starting with a generic model, all clinically measurable data were replaced by personalized measurements. Data from corneal anterior and posterior surfaces were imported from a grid of elevation data obtained by topography, and a formula for the calculation of the intraocular lens (IOL) position was developed based on the lens equator. For the assessment of refractive error, a merit function minimized by the approximation of the Modulation Transfer Function values to diffraction limit values on the frequencies corresponding up to the discrimination limits of the human eye, weighted depending on the human contrast sensitivity function, was built. The model was tested on the refractive evaluation of 50 pseudophakic eyes. The developed model shows good correlation with subjective evaluation of a pseudophakic population, having the added advantage of being independent of corrective factors, allowing it to be immediately adaptable to new technological developments. In conclusion, this personalized model, which uses individual biometric values, allows for a precise refractive assessment and is a valuable tool for an accurate IOL power calculation, including in conditions to which population averages and the commonly used regression correction factors do not apply, thus achieving the goal of being both personalized and universally applicable.

  7. Personal information management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ofer Bergman; Richard P. Boardman; Jacek Gwizdka; William Jones

    2004-01-01

    Personal Information Management (PIM) is the management of information (e.g. files, emails, and bookmarks) by an individual in support of his\\/her roles and tasks. Although PIM is practiced daily by millions of people, a research community has never been established. This SIG aims to provide an opportunity for researchers, students and designers who share an interest in the field to

  8. Personal Energy Audit

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This lesson plan from the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) asks students to conduct a personal energy audit through which they will calculate their individual and household costs of using energy. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  9. Personality, Education and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silles, Mary A.

    2010-01-01

    Economists are only beginning to understand the relationship between personality traits and economic outcomes. This paper examines the influence of childhood social maladjustment on cognitive development, labor market earnings and career progression using longitudinal data drawn from the National Child Development Study. Net of differences in…

  10. Personalities Chomsky Hierarchy

    E-print Network

    Way, Andy

    revolution in psychology. Jie Jiang CHOMSKY HIERARCHY #12;Personalities Languages Grammars Chomsky Hierarchy Context Free Grammars Psychology Cognitive Revolution (1959) Universal grammar Jie Jiang CHOMSKY HIERARCHY Chomsky Marcel Sch¨utzenberger Marcel-Paul Sch¨utzenberger October 24, 1920 - July 29, 1996. French

  11. Personal Professional Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rao, Sumathi; Gledhill, Igle; Hartline, Beverly K.; Lakhdar, Zohra Ben; MacLachlan, Anne J.; Mack, Kelly; Mehta, Anita; Wu, Ling-An; Zhang, Hong

    2009-04-01

    Three workshop sessions on personal professional development were held during the Third IUPAP Women in Physics Conference. These were designed to teach participants about planning for career success, "survival skills," negotiation, and ways to transition into scientific leadership positions in their own countries.

  12. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    for services is of an intermittent, temporary or seasonal nature. 2. Performing and Visual Arts TheatrePersonal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A1 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31

  13. Make It Personal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Joy

    2008-01-01

    When teaching still-life drawing to her eighth-grade students, the author decided they needed a challenge on their final assignment. She thought that making it personal would be more appealing to students than drawing a typical still-life arrangement. She decided to have students create a small collage-style arrangement as a subject for a…

  14. Personal Experiences of China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hessler, Peter; Bradeen, Ryan; Wang, Richard; Masalski, Kathleen Woods

    2010-01-01

    This article presents four stories of personal experiences of China. In "A Journey Between China's Past and Present," Peter Hessler, a former Peace Corps volunteer and author, highlights misconceptions between Chinese and Americans and the desire both peoples share for knowledge about one another. In "Life on Liberation Avenue," Ryan Bradeen…

  15. Author's personal copy COMMUNICATION

    E-print Network

    Borgstahl, Gloria

    is weak and of poor quality indicating that these regions are disordered and/or assume multiple positionsAuthor's personal copy COMMUNICATION Structure of the Full-length Human RPA14/32 Complex Gives, have been determined for the full-length protein in multiple crystal forms. In all crystals

  16. Personalizing shared ubiquitous devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Hilbert; Jonathan Trevor

    2004-01-01

    Everywhere we go, we are surrounded by shared devices: TVs, stereos, and appliances in the home; copiers, fax machines, and projectors in the office; phones and vending machines in public. Because these devices don't know who we are, they provide the same user interface and functionality to everyone. This lack of personalization in the real world is reminiscent of the

  17. Willpower and Personal Rules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benabou, Roland; Tirole, Jean

    2004-01-01

    We develop a theory of internal commitments or "personal rules" based on self-reputation over one's willpower, which transforms lapses into precedents that undermine future self-restraint. The foundation for this mechanism is the imperfect recall of past motives and feelings, leading people to draw inferences from their past actions. The degree of…

  18. Third Person Instigated Aggression.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaebelein, Jacquelyn

    Since many acts of aggression in society are more than simply an aggressor-victim encounter, the role played by third person instigated aggression also needs examination. The purpose of this study was to develop a laboratory procedure to systematically investigate instigation. In a competitive reaction time task, high and low Machiavellian Males…

  19. Personal Genres, Public Voices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielewicz, Jane

    2008-01-01

    Writing in personal genres, like autobiography, leads writers to public voices. Public voice is a discursive quality of a text that conveys the writer's authority and position relative to others. To show how voice and authority depend on genre, I analyze the autobiographies of two writers who take opposing positions on the same topic. By producing…

  20. Personality Constructs and Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teglasi, Hedwig; Simcox, April G.; Kim, Na-Young

    2007-01-01

    A psychological construct, such as personality, is an abstraction that is not directly seen but inferred through observed regularities in cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses in various settings. Two assumptions give meaning to the idea of construct validity. First, constructs represent real phenomena that exist apart from the potential…

  1. Sankey's Personal Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2011-01-01

    This paper takes issue with Derek Sankey's: "Minds, Brains, and Differences in Personal Understanding", "Educational Philosophy and Theory", 39 (2007), pp. 543-558 on the questions of the post-pedagogical classroom and the forms of knowledge. I then try to show that a theory of meaning framed in terms of normative pragmatics is better able than…

  2. Personal Journeys, Future Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Alex

    2009-01-01

    What makes a college or university president? Coming from a historically underrepresented group, the author discusses his own path to the presidency, and how various people and personal experiences have shaped him along the way. He offers a piece of advice on how most presidencies are approached--through the academic ranks. Critical to achieving a…

  3. Cyberinfo: privacy and personal health data in cyberspace.

    PubMed

    Day, J

    2000-11-15

    In this series of articles, the author discusses the potential risks, benefits, and liabilities in using electronic communications and computer-based record keeping for patients' medical data. Article #1 in this series reviews the foundations of privacy for personal information and the current practices of collecting disaggregated private personal and medical data made possible on the Internet by software and hardware configurations. PMID:12167953

  4. Stress and personality.

    PubMed

    Lecic-Tosevski, D; Vukovic, O; Stepanovic, J

    2011-01-01

    Stress is an adaptation reaction of living organisms in response to internal or external threats to homeostasis. It is considered as a complex defence mechanism representing the final endpoint of numerous dynamic and interconnected factors of biological, psychological and social nature. Stress is not a simple, stimulus-response reaction, but the interaction between an individual and the environment, involving subjective perception and assessment of stressors, thus constituting a highly personalized process. Specific inherited characteristics, early experience in life, and particular, learned cognitive predispositions make individuals more or less susceptible to the effects of stressors. Resilience and vulnerability to stressors as well as intensity of stress response are greatly dependable on age, gender, intelligence, and numerous characteristics of personality, such as hardiness,locus of control, self-efficacy, self-esteem, optimism, hostility (component of type A personality)and type D traits (negative affectivity and social inhibition). To understand the relation between personality and stress, it is essential to recognize the impact of individual differences in the following four aspects: (1) choice or avoidance of environments that are associated with specific stressors, challenges or benefits, (2) way of interpreting a stressful situation and evaluating one's own abilities and capacities for proactive behaviour so as to confront or avoid it, (3) intensity of response to a stressor,and (4) coping strategies employed by the individual facing a stressful situation. Studies have recorded considerable consistency in coping strategies employed to confront stressful situations, independentlyof situational factors and in connection with permanent personality and temperamental traits,such as neuroticism, extraversion, sense of humour, persistence, fatalism, conscientiousness, andopenness to experience. Positive affect has been associated with positive reappraisal (reframing) ofstressful situations, goal-directed problem-focused coping, using spiritual or religious beliefs to seekcomfort, and infusion of meaning into the ordinary events of daily life in order to gain a psychologicaltime-out from distress. Characteristics of a resilient personality are: ability to cope in stressful situations,continuing engagement in activities, flexibility to unexpected changes in life, ability to seeksocial support, perceiving stress as a challenge - a chance for growth and development rather than athreat to life, taking care of one's body, living in harmony with nature, optimism and sense of humour,work and love, developing spiritualism and seeking true sense. The tolerance threshold is individual.However, even persons with mature and integrated personalities exposed to prolonged stress mayexperience failure of their adaptive capacities and psychological or somatic decompensation. Duringthe last years, Life Skills Education has become the focus of particular attention. Educational programsaim at developing the capacities for critical thinking, analyzing and problem-solving, buildingof self-confidence, confronting various negative pressures imposed by the environment, improvingself-assessment, developing communication and social adjustment skills, and gaining control overstressors and one's own affective and behavioral response. Finally, special programs for individualvulnerable population groups (teenagers, elderly persons, patients with AIDS, addictions, etc.) havebeen introduced so as to strengthen their ability to handle specific stressful situations. PMID:22271841

  5. Personality and Disinhibitory Psychopathology: Alcoholism and Antisocial Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth J. Sher; Timothy J. Trull

    1994-01-01

    We discuss the relation between personality factors and two adult forms of disinhibitory psychopathology—alcohol abuse or dependence and antisocial personality disorder. First, we briefly review various methodological issues relevant to research in this area. Next, we review empirical findings relating three broad-band personality trait dimensions (neuroticism\\/emotionality, impulsivity\\/disinhibition, extraversion\\/sociability) to both alcohol abuse and dependence and antisocial personality disorder. Finally, theoretical

  6. Personality in its natural habitat: manifestations and implicit folk theories of personality in daily life.

    PubMed

    Mehl, Matthias R; Gosling, Samuel D; Pennebaker, James W

    2006-05-01

    To examine the expression of personality in its natural habitat, the authors tracked 96 participants over 2 days using the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), which samples snippets of ambient sounds in participants' immediate environments. Participants' Big Five scores were correlated with EAR-derived information on their daily social interactions, locations, activities, moods, and language use; these quotidian manifestations were generally consistent with the trait definitions and (except for Openness) often gender specific. To identify implicit folk theories about daily manifestations of personality, the authors correlated the EAR-derived information with impressions of participants based on their EAR sounds; judges' implicit folk theories were generally accurate (especially for Extraversion) and also partially gender specific. The findings point to the importance of naturalistic observation studies on how personality is expressed and perceived in the natural stream of everyday behavior. PMID:16737378

  7. PERSONAL MEDIA ALERT SYSTEMS: PERSONALIZATION AND DISSEMINATION OF BROADCAST CONTENT

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Kathleen

    PERSONAL MEDIA ALERT SYSTEMS: PERSONALIZATION AND DISSEMINATION OF BROADCAST CONTENT WITH A P2P, we present a personal media alert system that extracts video segments for the interested users. In addition, alerts with pointers to content stored on the home server can be sent to mobile users who

  8. Discovering Your Personality: A Group Exercise in Personal Sensemaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Marc H.

    2008-01-01

    Personality affects a wide variety of issues in organizational behavior, human resource management, and strategic management. Instructors teaching personality often have students take personality tests and then give them their scores. This passive approach to giving test feedback suffers from several weaknesses dealing with distinct perceptual…

  9. Personal health records: a scoping review

    PubMed Central

    Fevrier-Thomas, U; Lokker, C; McKibbon, K A; Straus, S E

    2011-01-01

    Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be linked to physician electronic medical record systems, so PHR adoption is dependent on growth in electronic medical record adoption. Many PHR systems are physician-oriented, and do not include patient-oriented functionalities. These must be provided to support self-management and disease prevention if improvements in health outcomes are to be expected. Differences in patient motivation to use PHRs exist, but an overall low adoption rate is to be expected, except for the disabled, chronically ill, or caregivers for the elderly. Finally, trials of PHR effectiveness and sustainability for patient self-management are needed. PMID:21672914

  10. PERSONAL LEADERSHIP PROTECTS RESEARCH SUBJECTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Personal leadership promotes the ethical conduct of human research activities. Leadership entails application of one’s cognitive abilities, technical skills, and emotional intelligence during the conduct of research activities, Personal leadership assures human research subject protection....

  11. Human Ethology: Personal Space Reiterated

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barash, David P.

    1973-01-01

    A study of human personal space and flight distance in terms of the responses of college students to intrusions upon their presumed personal space. Investigates the elicitation of aggressive or defensive behavior. (LK)

  12. Personalizing situation awareness

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, Linn Marks [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roman, Jorge R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mane, Ketan K [RENCI

    2009-01-01

    Emergency responders need access to information but what counts as actionable information depends on their role, task, location, and other variables. For example, experts who have unique knowledge and experience and are called on to serve as scientific and teclmical responders, require correspondingly unique situation awareness in order to do their work. In our research-in-progress we leverage emerging and evolving web and digital library technologies to create personalized situation awareness tools that address the needs of these scientific and technical responders in real time, through focused information collection, extraction, integration, representation, and dissemination. We describe three personalized situation awareness tools in this paper: the Theme Awareness Tool (THEMAT), Social Awareness Tool (SAT), and Expertise Awareness Tool (EXPAT). The concepts and technologies we are developing in collaboration with experts apply to those who use the Web, in general, and offer an approach to the general issue of HCI design for emergencies.

  13. HIPAA Procedure 5038 Personal Representatives

    E-print Network

    for alcohol and drug abuse outpatient mental health ............................................................................... 1 Personal Representatives in Abuse, Neglect and Endangerment Situations

  14. Personality Trait Development in Adulthood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent W. Roberts; Richard W. Robins; Kali H. Trzesniewski; Avshalom Caspi

    In the middle part of the 20th century, a healthy dialogue existed between sociology and personality psychology. Leading scholars\\u000a in sociology actively discussed the relationship between social structure and personality (Neugarten, 1968; Parsons, 1942), and between organizations and personality (Inkeles & Levinson, 1963). In turn, many personality psychologists studied similar phenomena (e.g., Sanford, 1956; Sarbin, 1964). However, over the past

  15. Personalized Socially Assistive Robotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maja J Mataric; Adriana Tapus; David Feil-Seifer

    The start of the 21st century, with its confluence of scientific and technological sophistication, presents a unique opportunity for robotics to positively impact human quality of life. Significant and growing societal needs include the lack of personalized one-on-one care for the growing populations of elderly individuals, children with developmental disorders, and those with special life-long cognitive and social needs. Developing

  16. Antisocial Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen J. Derefinko; Thomas A. Widiger

    This chapter discusses the medical understanding of antisocial personality disorder (APSD), including research concerning\\u000a its etiology, prevalence, pathology, differential diagnosis, and treatment. ASPD, and the closely related diagnosis of psychopathy,\\u000a seem to be products of a strong genetic disposition interacting with a variety of environmental contributions. Epidemiological\\u000a studies indicate that ASPD and psychopathy are much more prevalent in men than

  17. Schizoid Personality in Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sula Wolff

    \\u000a The aim of this chapter is to draw attention to a group of patients, not uncommonly seen in child psychiatric practice, who\\u000a were diagnosed as having a schizoid personality disorder. They appear to be quite similar to the patients Asperger described\\u000a (1944), but do not entirely fulfill current diagnostic criteria for Asperger syndrome (AS) (WHO, 1992), 1993); APA, 1994). The

  18. Personality and Political Discussion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew V. Hibbing; Melinda Ritchie; Mary R. Anderson

    Political discussion matters for a wide array of political phenomena such as attitude formation, electoral choice, other forms\\u000a of participation, levels of political expertise, and tolerance. Thus far, research on the underpinnings of political discussion\\u000a has focused on political, social, and contextual forces. We expand upon this existing research by examining how individual\\u000a personality traits influence patterns of political discussion.

  19. Personalized genomic medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe Novelli

    2010-01-01

    Personalized medicine provide to physicians a molecular makeup of each patient. Looking at the patient on this level helps\\u000a the physician get a profile of the patient’s genetic distinction, or mapping. By investigating this genetic profile, medical\\u000a professionals are then able to select patients, and use the found information to plan out a course of treatment that is much\\u000a more

  20. The personality of prostitutes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis M. O'Sullivan; Marvin Zuckerman; Michael Kraft

    1996-01-01

    Thirty-two female prostitutes and 32 controls were compared on the five scales of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) and responses to a semi-structured interview. It was predicted that prostitutes would score higher on the Impulsive Sensation Seeking (ImpSS) and Aggression-Hostility (Agg-Host) scales. Differences between the groups on age and education were controlled by analysis of covariance. The ANCOVA showed the

  1. Personal Epistemology and Culture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara K. Hofer

    The role that personal epistemology plays in intellectual development, learning, and education has been investigated for several\\u000a decades in the USA (see Hofer & Pintrich, 1997, 2002) and has recently been pursued in other cultural environments. Research\\u000a suggests that epistemological understanding has important implications for learning: for example, beliefs about the nature\\u000a of knowledge may influence strategy use, comprehension, cognitive

  2. Personality Disorders and Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan L. Ettner

    \\u000a The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I\\u000a and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I disorders are clinical disorders such as depression,\\u000a anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Axis II disorders are personality disorders (PDs), defined as “pervasive, inflexible,\\u000a and enduring patterns of inner experiences and behavior that can

  3. Our personal space.

    PubMed

    Suthers, M

    2000-10-01

    Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) as a model of human behaviour is presented. Its basic tenets and the factors that give rise to the physiological and emotional response to an external event are described. A number of psychotherapeutic interventions are also described, along with the influence of NLP on sporting and academic success. Finally, an exploration of these ideas for the purpose of contributing to personal well-being is given. PMID:11709956

  4. First-Person Accounts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gribs, H.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Personal accounts describe the lives of 2 individuals with deaf-blindness, one an 87-year-old woman who was deaf from birth and became totally blind over a 50-year period and the other of a woman who became deaf-blind as a result of a fever at the age of 7. Managing activities of daily life and experiencing sensory hallucinations are among topics…

  5. Personality and health habits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. J. M. Vingerhoets; M. Croon; A. J. Jeninga; L. J. Menges

    1990-01-01

    Four hundred and fifty-five males and 523 females from a community sample participated in a study on the relationship between seven health practices (sleeping; breakfasting; snacking; being at good weight; smoking; alcohol consumption and physical activity) and seven personality factors (Neuroticism; Social Inadequacy; Rigidity; Hostility; Self-sufficiency; Dominance and Self-esteem).It was found that the seven health habits did not constitute a

  6. Personalized Medicine for Gliomas

    PubMed Central

    Ene, Chibawanye I.; Holland, Eric C.

    2015-01-01

    Personalized medicine for cancer entails tailoring therapy for each patient based on unique features of the patient's tumor; physiologic, molecular, genetic and epigenetic. Our ability to molecularly characterize tumor cells has increased dramatically and shown that there are significant differences between samples from patients with the same tumor type. Given this extensive variability in mutations and pathways driving tumors in patients, seeking a single bullet is an unrealistic approach for achieving a cure. In glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common adult brain tumor, this inter-tumoral heterogeneity is further complicated by intra-tumoral heterogeneity within the tumor. This suggests that for personalized therapy to work for GBMs, pharmacologic agents would not only be tailored to target the differences from patient to patient but also the clonal diversity within each patient's tumor. In this review, we provide a historical perspective on clinical trials for cancer. We also discuss the current state of molecular biology and immunology based strategies for personalized therapies for glioblastoma multiforme. PMID:25722938

  7. Personalized visual aesthetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vessel, Edward A.; Stahl, Jonathan; Maurer, Natalia; Denker, Alexander; Starr, G. G.

    2014-02-01

    How is visual information linked to aesthetic experience, and what factors determine whether an individual finds a particular visual experience pleasing? We have previously shown that individuals' aesthetic responses are not determined by objective image features but are instead a function of internal, subjective factors that are shaped by a viewers' personal experience. Yet for many classes of stimuli, culturally shared semantic associations give rise to similar aesthetic taste across people. In this paper, we investigated factors that govern whether a set of observers will agree in which images are preferred, or will instead exhibit more "personalized" aesthetic preferences. In a series of experiments, observers were asked to make aesthetic judgments for different categories of visual stimuli that are commonly evaluated in an aesthetic manner (faces, natural landscapes, architecture or artwork). By measuring agreement across observers, this method was able to reveal instances of highly individualistic preferences. We found that observers showed high agreement on their preferences for images of faces and landscapes, but much lower agreement for images of artwork and architecture. In addition, we found higher agreement for heterosexual males making judgments of beautiful female faces than of beautiful male faces. These results suggest that preferences for stimulus categories that carry evolutionary significance (landscapes and faces) come to rely on similar information across individuals, whereas preferences for artifacts of human culture such as architecture and artwork, which have fewer basic-level category distinctions and reduced behavioral relevance, rely on a more personalized set of attributes.

  8. Personality and psychopathology: Genetic perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory Carey; David L. DiLalla

    1994-01-01

    Genetic factors exert an important influence on adult personality traits, accounting for anywhere between 30% and 60% of the variance. Heredity is also important for most forms of psychopatholo gy and plays a major role in several theories that relate personality to psychopatholo gy. Despite this, there has been surprisingly little multivariate genetic research reported on joint analyses of person-

  9. Managing Personality and Behavior Changes

    MedlinePLUS

    Managing Personality and Behavior Changes Alzheimer’s Caregiving Tips Alzheimer’s disease causes brain cells to die, so the brain works less well over time. This changes how a person acts. This tip sheet has suggestions that may help ... Common Changes in Personality and Behavior Common ...

  10. MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Swaddle, John

    will not be credited any sick nor family and personal leave while I am on leave without pay. I want to retain all my sick and family and personal leave balance. I know my balances lapse on January 9th each year. I want to use all my family and personal leave balance before going on military leave without pay. I know I may

  11. Dimensions of Multiple Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John B. Murray

    1994-01-01

    Research on multiple personality disorder (MPD) has burgeoned, and large-scale investigations indicate that a typical MPD patient is a woman, a victim of childhood abuse (especially sexual abuse), a person whose symptoms meet criteria for other psychiatric disorders, and a person who would employ many psychological defenses. Treatment approaches have frequently included hypnotherapy, which requires skill and caution.

  12. DSM-5 Personality Traits and DSM-IV Personality Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Hopwood, Christopher J.; Thomas, Katherine M.; Markon, Kristian E.; Wright, Aidan G.C.; Krueger, Robert F.

    2014-01-01

    Two issues pertinent to the DSM-5 proposal for personality pathology, the recovery of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) by proposed DSM-5 traits and the validity of the proposed DSM-5 hybrid model which incorporates both personality pathology symptoms and maladaptive traits, were evaluated in a large undergraduate sample (N = 808). Proposed DSM-5 traits as assessed with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 explained a substantial proportion of variance in DSM-IV PDs as assessed with the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, and trait indicators of the six proposed DSM-5 PDs were mostly specific to those disorders with some exceptions. Regression analyses support the DSM-5 hybrid model in that pathological traits and an indicator of general personality pathology severity provided incremental information about PDs. Findings are discussed in the context of broader issues around the proposed DSM-5 model of personality disorders. PMID:22250660

  13. The use of enriched 6Li and 7Li Lif:Mg,Cu,P glass-rod thermoluminescent dosemeters for linear accelerator out-of-field radiation dose measurements.

    PubMed

    Takam, R; Bezak, E; Liu, G; Marcu, L

    2012-06-01

    (6)LiF:Mg,Cu,P and (7)LiF:Mg,Cu,P glass-rod thermoluminescent dosemeters (TLDs) were used for measurements of out-of-field photon and neutron doses produced by Varian iX linear accelerator. Both TLDs were calibrated using 18-MV X-ray beam to investigate their dose-response sensitivity and linearity. CR-39 etch-track detectors (Luxel+, Landauer) were employed to provide neutron dose data to calibrate (6)LiF:Mg,Cu,P TLDs at various distances from the isocentre. With cadmium filters employed, slow neutrons (<0.5 eV) were distinguished from fast neutrons. The average in-air photon dose equivalents per monitor unit (MU) ranged from 1.5±0.4 to 215.5±94.6 ?Sv at 100 and 15 cm from the isocentre, respectively. Based on the cross-calibration factors obtained with CR-39 etch-track detectors, the average in-air fast neutron dose equivalents per MU range from 10.6±3.8 to 59.1±49.9 ?Sv at 100 and 15 cm from the isocentre, respectively. Contribution of thermal neutrons to total neutron dose equivalent was small: 3.1±7.2 ?Sv per MU at 15 cm from the isocentre. PMID:21873634

  14. Incorporating If … Then … Personality Signatures in Person Perception: Beyond the Person–Situation Dichotomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lara K. Kammrath; Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton; Walter Mischel

    2005-01-01

    Three studies investigated conditions in which perceivers view dispositions and situations as interactive, rather than independent, causal forces when making judgments about another's personality. Study 1 showed that perceivers associated 5 common trait terms (e.g., friendly and shy) with characteristic if … then … (if situation a, then the person does x, but if situation b, then the person does

  15. Personality Disorders in Persons with Gender Identity Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Duišin, Dragana; Batini?, Borjanka; Bariši?, Jasmina; Djordjevic, Miroslav L.; Vujovi?, Svetlana; Bizic, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Background. Investigations in the field of gender identity disorder (GID) have been mostly related to psychiatric comorbidity and severe psychiatric disorders, but have focused less on personality and personality disorders (PDs). Aims. The aim of the study was to assess the presence of PDs in persons with GID as compared to cisgendered (a cisgender person is a person who is content to remain the gender they were assigned at birth) heterosexuals, as well as to biological sex. Methods. The study sample consisted of 30 persons with GID and 30 cisgendered heterosexuals from the general population. The assessment of PDs was conducted by application of the self-administered Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II PDs (SCID-II). Results. Persons with GID compared to cisgender heterosexuals have higher presence of PDs, particularly Paranoid PD, avoidant PDs, and comorbid PDs. In addition, MtF (transwomen are people assigned male at birth who identify as women) persons are characterized by a more severe psychopathological profile. Conclusions. Assessment of PDs in persons with GID is of great importance as it comprises a key part of personalized treatment plan tailoring, as well as a prognostic factor for sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) outcome. PMID:24959629

  16. 31 CFR 575.312 - Iraqi person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...312 Iraqi person. The term Iraqi person means an Iraqi citizen, any person organized under the laws of Iraq, or any person owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a Iraqi national or the Government of...

  17. Personal continuous air monitor

    DOEpatents

    Morgan, Ronald G. (Los Alamos, NM); Salazar, Samuel A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    A personal continuous air monitor capable of giving immediate warning of the presence of radioactivity has a filter/detector head to be worn in the breathing zone of a user, containing a filter mounted adjacent to radiation detectors, and a preamplifier. The filter/detector head is connected to a belt pack to be worn at the waist or on the back of a user. The belt pack contains a signal processor, batteries, a multichannel analyzer, a logic circuit, and an alarm. An air pump also is provided in the belt pack for pulling air through the filter/detector head by way of an air tube.

  18. Personalizing carbamazepine therapy.

    PubMed

    Mushiroda, Taisei; Nakamura, Yusuke

    2011-01-01

    The anticonvulsant carbamazepine has a high incidence of cutaneous adverse drug reactions. A recent prospective clinical trial in Taiwan has indicated that HLA-B*1502 screening will reduce the incidence of life-threatening adverse reactions to carbamazepine, while a genome-wide association study has identified the HLA-A*3101 allele as a genetic risk factor for the full spectrum of carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions in a European population. These studies should aid future decision-making for personalized use of carbamazepine treatment. PMID:21635710

  19. The Unbureaucratic Personality

    E-print Network

    DeHart-Davis, Leisha

    2007-06-11

    in this paper were collected and analyzed with the support of a fellowship from the American Association of University Women; a new faculty grant from the University of Kansas; and research assistant support from the Institute for Policy and Social Research...?s street- level bureaucrats bent rules based on their own personal commitment to clients perceived as worthy (2003). A similar example is found in Hutchinson?s study of rule bending among nurses, in which she argues that ?A principled level nurse...

  20. Lemaître: A Personal Profile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrell, J.

    2013-04-01

    From The Primeval Atom (látom primitif), to the cosmological constant, to the Schwarzschild limit, the scientific achievements of Georges Lemaître have gained more recognition in recent years. But many aspects of his life are not so widely known. This essay provides a brief biographical survey of Lemaître's life, his decorated service during World War I, his vocation to the Roman Catholic priesthood, and his professional and personal relationships with Einstein, Eddington, Hoyle, Gamow, as well as his role in the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and his views on the relationship between science and faith.

  1. Personal Alarm System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Trouble in the classroom is an unpleasant fact of modern life. Space technology can't stop the trouble from occurring, but it can prevent it from spreading. In recognition of this, NASA and the Sacramento, Cal. Unified School District developed a personal security system based on space telemetry technology. The first application was for schools, but the simplicity and reliability of the system has made it more widely applicable. The heart of the system is an ultrasonic pen-size transmitter. It can be used by prison guards, teachers, or others such as the handicapped and the elderly.

  2. Bluetooth-Based Wireless Personal Area Network for Multimedia Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Y. Khan; J. Wall; M. A. Rashid

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a Bluetooth-based wireless personal area network (WPAN) designed for multimedia communication among portable and distributed smart electronic devices within a short-range. The WPAN is a new standard under development, which will be part of the IEEE802.15 standard. The main objective of the WPAN is to replace wires between electronic and\\/or computing equipment in close proximity and provide

  3. Surfer Beware: Personal Privacy and the Internet

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    In conjunction with the US Federal Trade Commission's Public Workshop on Consumer Information Privacy held June 10-13, 1997, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) has released this short report, based on its review of "100 of the most frequently visited web sites on the Internet." The report discusses the collection of personal information, privacy policies, and browser cookie use at these sites. An appendix table details results of the review in seven categories. EPIC, a public interest research group that focuses on "emerging civil liberties issues and...privacy," offers a wealth of information related to civil liberties and privacy in the networked environment.

  4. DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak

    E-print Network

    Zwolak, Michael

    DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak Department of Physics Oregon State University-cost DNA sequencing methods would revolutionize medicine: a person could have his/her full genome sequenced of "personalized medicine" is hampered today by the high cost and slow speed of DNA sequencing methods. We

  5. 78 FR 68981 - Electronic Retirement Processing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ...employ more efficient and effective...Digital signature means an...solely on an identification and authentication...Personal identification number...a digital signature, on an electronic...document. Smart card means a...

  6. Injury proneness and personality.

    PubMed

    Marusic, A; Musek, J; Gudjonsson, G

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this research was to investigate some personality factors among groups of 43 physically injured inpatients and 43 non-injured hospital-based controls. The participants completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and the Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ). Logistic regression was used to compare the two groups on six psychological risk factors. The univariate regression models suggested three possible risk factors: extraversion, sensitization, and avoidance coping style. The multivariate regression model supported only extraversion and sensitization of emotion. Next, patients in the experimental group were questioned about whether they had considered preventive measures before the accident and whether they felt responsible for their injuries. Correlation analysis showed that introverted subjects felt more responsible for the sustained injuries than their extraverted counterparts. Sensitizers and subjects who scored high on psychoticism, neuroticism, and emotional coping had not considered preventive measures as often as others. Finally, the principal component analysis of risk factors was used to extract two correlates of injury-prone behaviour: extraversion and sensitized avoidance. It was concluded that psychological factors play an important role in predicting injury that is significant enough to require inpatient treatment. Two potential mechanisms of psychological impact have been suggested, notably distraction in extraverted subjects and overestimation in sensitizing avoiders. PMID:11827609

  7. Chronology of Personal Computers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Polsson, Ken.

    This document by Ken Polsson "is an attempt to bring various published sources together to present a timeline about Personal Computers." The author has posted this document online as he continues to work on a book project, for which he has browsed extensively through various sources for historical information related to personal computers. The document provides a brief summary of "the essential happenings that shaped the industry." The full text, which contains close to 3,000 entries, is available for purchase. This online document represents the start of the timeline "to show you the quality of the material" and begins in 1947 with the invention of the point-contact transistor amplifier by three scientists at Bell Telephone Laboratories and ends in December, 1977 with a victory by Microsoft in an important legal battle against Pertec, on ownership of the BASIC software Bill Gates and Paul Allen wrote and licensed to MITS. The references are listed in a separate file, which is also available online.

  8. Measured Personality Characteristics of Persons Who Claim UFO Experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    June Parnell

    1988-01-01

    Two hundred and twenty-five UFO experiencers, completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPP1) and Sixteen Personality Factors Ten (16PF). Personality characteristics of participants are described; no overt psychopathology is indicated. Two-way ANOVA involving levels of sighting and communication experience show subjects claiming communication have a significantly greater tendency to endorse unusual feelings, thoughts, and altitudes (significance level .003); to be

  9. Electronics Department ELECTRONICS DEPARTMENT

    E-print Network

    System Proposed for Reporting Events Involving Human Malfunction This is an internal report. It may;INTRODUCTION This note is part of a continuing work to improve the applicability of the human malfunctionElectronics Department N-27-80 ELECTRONICS DEPARTMENT MECHANISMS OF HUMAN MALFUNCTION DEFINITION

  10. Issues in designing personal knowledge exchanges: First movers analyzed

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjay Gosain

    2003-01-01

    Personal knowledge exchanges refer to Web-based institutions that facilitate the matching of individual sources and recipients of knowledge, structure their interaction, set ground rules for price discovery and support the transfer of knowledge. While these exchanges are patterned on electronic marketplaces for tangible products, they need to accommodate the often tacit, situated and complex nature of knowledge and the challenges

  11. The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their…

  12. A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

  13. Autonomous Management of Everyday Places for a Personalized Location Provider

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yohan Chon; Elmurod Talipov; Hojung Cha

    2011-01-01

    Currently available location technologies such as the global positioning system (GPS) or Wi-Fi fingerprinting are limited, respectively, to outdoor applications or require offline signal learning. In this paper, we present a smartphone-based autonomous construction and management of a personalized location provider in indoor and outdoor environments. Our system makes use of electronic compass and accelerometer, specifically for indoor user tracking.

  14. The Neuropsychological Correlates of Borderline Personality Disorder and Suicidal Behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeannette LeGris; Rob van Reekum

    2006-01-01

    Objective: In subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD), compared with subjects who attempted suicide, to review neuropsychological (NP) function that may predispose to suicidal behaviour along a continuum of high and low lethality. Method: We undertook electronic searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Biosos Reviews, and Cinhal. The searches were restricted to English-language publications from 1985 onward. The search terms borderline

  15. The acquisition of personal pronouns in cochlear-implanted children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annemie Josee Jozef Verbist

    2010-01-01

    Today, many deaf children can be given access to oral language thanks to a cochlear implant, a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound thanks to electric stimulation of the auditory nerve. In this study, the acquisition of personal pronouns is considered to be a measure for the effectiveness of cochlear implantation in congenitally deaf children. Pronouns

  16. Electronic Journal of Sociology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Billed as "the world's first and longest running electronic journal of sociology", the Electronic Journal of Sociology has been in existence in 1994. The Journal's home is at Athabasca University, and persons with an interest in submitting materials for potential inclusion in a future edition of the Journal will want to take a look at their guidelines straight away. Members of the general public may want to browse around in the archives, which contain articles titled "Children and Young People's Status in Iran: Profiles and Challenge" and "Disembodiment and Cyberspace". The site is rounded out by a section where visitors can read new announcements from the editors and also offer feedback.

  17. CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Kuehnlenz, Kolja

    ://www.nst.ei.tum.de/team/cristian-axenie/ http://robotics.viviti.com Citizenship Romanian Date of birth 14th of April 1986 ACADEMIC RECORD Control, Faculty of Automation, Computers, Electrical and Electronics Eng., Dunrea de Jos University of Timioara, Romania Mobile Robot Fault Tolerant Control. June 2008 Invited paper at International Student

  18. [Personalized medicine: equity and access].

    PubMed

    Joly, Yann; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2014-11-01

    Personalized medicine has seen a recent increase in popularity amongst medical researchers and policymakers. Nevertheless, there are persistent legal, ethical, and social questions that need to be explored, particularly related to the criticism that personalized medicine constitutes an elitist model of healthcare. Investigating this critique the current manuscript argues that personalized medicine has the potential to become a positive force for equitable access to better healthcare at a national and international level. PMID:25407455

  19. Materials for Stretchable Electronics: Electronic Eyeballs, Brain Monitors, and Other Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A

    2009-01-01

    Electronic circuits that involve transistors and related components on thin plastic sheets or rubber slabs offer mechanical properties (e.g. bendability, stretchability) and other features (e.g. lightweight, rugged construction) which cannot be easily achieved with technologies that use rigid, fragile semiconductor wafer or glass substrates. Device examples include personal or structural health monitors and electronic eye imagers, in which the electronics

  20. Energy consumption of personal computer workstations

    SciTech Connect

    Szydlowski, R.F.; Chvala, W.D. Jr.

    1994-02-01

    The explosive growth of the information age has had a profound effect on the appearance of today`s office. Although the telephone still remains an important part of the information exchange and processing system within an office, other electronic devices are now considered required equipment within this environment. This office automation equipment includes facsimile machines, photocopiers, personal computers, printers, modems, and other peripherals. A recent estimate of the installed base indicated that 42 million personal computers and 7.3 million printers are in place, consuming 18.2 billion kWh/yr-and this installed base is growing (Luhn 1992). From a productivity standpoint, it can be argued that this equipment greatly improves the efficiency of those working in the office. But of primary concern to energy system designers, building managers, and electric utilities is the fact that this equipment requires electric energy. Although the impact of each incremental piece of equipment is small, installation of thousands of devices per building has resulted in office automation equipment becoming the major contributor to electric consumption and demand growth in commercial buildings. Personal computers and associated equipment are the dominant part of office automation equipment. In some cases, this electric demand growth has caused office buildings electric and cooling systems to overload.

  1. Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy: personal experience

    PubMed Central

    Muscatello, L; Giudice, M; Spriano, G; Tondini, L

    2005-01-01

    Summary Data are reported on a series of 52 endoscopic procedures of dacryocystorhinostomy, performed in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the Hospital of Varese, between May 1999 and February 2003. The study population comprised 42 patients (32 female, 10 male, mean age 57 and 51 years, respectively) with naso-lacrimal obstruction. In all cases, pre-operative diagnosis consisted in irrigation of the lacrimal pathways, confirmed on dacryocystography; in selected cases, an additional computed tomography examination was carried out. All procedures were performed under general anaesthesia and surgical times were recorded; mean time for primary dacryocystorhinostomy was 30 minutes. A silicone tube was inserted in all patients for a period of 3 months. The procedure was successful in 81% of primary dacryocystorhinostomy cases and in 75% of revision dacryocystorhinostomy cases. Personal clinical and surgical experience, focusing on surgical techniques used in dacryocystorhinostomy, is described. PMID:16482977

  2. Personal annunciation device

    DOEpatents

    Angelo, Peter (Oak Ridge, TN); Younkin, James (Oak Ridge, TN); DeMint, Paul (Kingston, TN)

    2011-01-25

    A personal annunciation device (PAD) providing, in an area of interest, compensatory annunciation of the presence of an abnormal condition in a hazardous area and accountability of the user of the PAD. Compensatory annunciation supplements primary annunciation provided by an emergency notification system (ENS). A detection system detects an abnormal condition, and a wireless transmission system transmits a wireless transmission to the PAD. The PAD has a housing enclosing the components of the PAD including a communication module for receiving the wireless transmission, a power supply, processor, memory, annunciation system, and RFID module. The RFID module has an RFID receiver that listens for an RFID transmission from an RFID reader disposed in a portal of an area of interest. The PAD identifies the transmission and changes its operating state based on the transmission. The RFID readers recognize, record, and transmit the state of the PAD to a base station providing accountability of the wearer.

  3. Personal computers on Ethernet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kao, R.

    1988-01-01

    Many researchers in the Division have projects which require transferring large files between their personal computers (PC) and VAX computers in the Laboratory for Oceans Computing Facility (LOCF). Since Ethernet local area network provides high speed communication channels which make file transfers (among other capabilities) practical, a network plan was assembled to connect IBM and IBM compatible PC's to Ethernet for participating personnel. The design employs ThinWire Ethernet technology. A simplified configuration diagram is shown. A DEC multiport repeater (DEMPR) is used for connection of ThinWire Ethernet segments. One port of DEMPR is connected to a H4000 transceiver and the transceiver is clamped onto the Goddard Ethernet backbonecoaxial cable so that the PC's can be optionally on the SPAN network. All these common elements were successfully installed and tested.

  4. Personalization in Future TV Proceedings of the AH'2002 Workshop on

    E-print Network

    Ardissono, Liliana

    the Quality of the Personalized Electronic Programme Guide Barry Smyth, David Wilson and Derry O' Sullivan Dipartimento di Informatica Università di Torino Corso Svizzera 185, I-10149 Torino, Italy e-mail: liliana the Personalized EPG ­ An Alternative Architecture for the Delivery of DTV Services Barry Smyth, Paul Cotter

  5. Privacy policies of personal health records: an evaluation of their effectiveness in protecting patient information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorenzo Martino; Suchit Ahuja

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been growing demand by patients for access to their own health information via tools like Personal Health Records [1]. The Markle Foundation [2] defines the Personal Health Record (PHR) as an electronic application through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information in a secure and confidential environment. PHRs are emerging and consolidating

  6. Personalized Cancer Care Conference

    PubMed Central

    Zänker, Kurt S.; Mihich, Enrico; Huber, Hans-Peter; Borresen-Dale, Anne-Lise

    2013-01-01

    The Oslo University Hospital (Norway), the K.G. Jebsen Centre for Breast Cancer Research (Norway), The Radiumhospital Foundation (Norway) and the Fritz-Bender-Foundation (Germany) designed under the conference chairmen (E. Mihich, K.S. Zänker, A.L. Borresen-Dale) and advisory committee (A. Borg, Z. Szallasi, O. Kallioniemi, H.P. Huber) a program at the cutting edge of “PERSONALIZED CANCER CARE: Risk prediction, early diagnosis, progression and therapy resistance.” The conference was held in Oslo from September 7 to 9, 2012 and the science-based presentations concerned six scientific areas: (1) Genetic profiling of patients, prediction of risk, late side effects; (2) Molecular profiling of tumors and metastases; (3) Tumor-host microenvironment interaction and metabolism; (4) Targeted therapy; (5) Translation and (6) Informed consent, ethical challenges and communication. Two satellite workshops on (i) Ion Ampliseq—a novel tool for large scale mutation detection; and (ii) Multiplex RNA ISH and tissue homogenate assays for cancer biomarker validation were additionally organized. The report concludes that individual risk prediction in carcinogenesis and/or metastatogenesis based on polygenic profiling may be useful for intervention strategies for health care and therapy planning in the future. To detect distinct and overlapping DNA sequence alterations in tumor samples and adjacent normal tissues, including point mutations, small insertions or deletions, copy number changes and chromosomal rearrangements will eventually make it possible to design personalized management plans for individualized patients. However, large individualized datasets need a new approach in bio-information technology to reduce this enormous data dimensionally to simply working hypotheses about health and disease for each individual. PMID:25562519

  7. Personalized cancer care conference.

    PubMed

    Zänker, Kurt S; Mihich, Enrico; Huber, Hans-Peter; Borresen-Dale, Anne-Lise

    2013-01-01

    The Oslo University Hospital (Norway), the K.G. Jebsen Centre for Breast Cancer Research (Norway), The Radiumhospital Foundation (Norway) and the Fritz-Bender-Foundation (Germany) designed under the conference chairmen (E. Mihich, K.S. Zänker, A.L. Borresen-Dale) and advisory committee (A. Borg, Z. Szallasi, O. Kallioniemi, H.P. Huber) a program at the cutting edge of "PERSONALIZED CANCER CARE: Risk prediction, early diagnosis, progression and therapy resistance." The conference was held in Oslo from September 7 to 9, 2012 and the science-based presentations concerned six scientific areas: (1) Genetic profiling of patients, prediction of risk, late side effects; (2) Molecular profiling of tumors and metastases; (3) Tumor-host microenvironment interaction and metabolism; (4) Targeted therapy; (5) Translation and (6) Informed consent, ethical challenges and communication. Two satellite workshops on (i) Ion Ampliseq-a novel tool for large scale mutation detection; and (ii) Multiplex RNA ISH and tissue homogenate assays for cancer biomarker validation were additionally organized. The report concludes that individual risk prediction in carcinogenesis and/or metastatogenesis based on polygenic profiling may be useful for intervention strategies for health care and therapy planning in the future. To detect distinct and overlapping DNA sequence alterations in tumor samples and adjacent normal tissues, including point mutations, small insertions or deletions, copy number changes and chromosomal rearrangements will eventually make it possible to design personalized management plans for individualized patients. However, large individualized datasets need a new approach in bio-information technology to reduce this enormous data dimensionally to simply working hypotheses about health and disease for each individual. PMID:25562519

  8. Gender Typing and Social Desirability of Personality in Person Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoppard, Janet M.; Kalin, Rudolph

    1983-01-01

    Assessed whether evaluations of men and women are influenced by the gender appropriateness of personality characteristics. Students (N=211) rated written descriptions of masculine or feminine individuals with socially desirable or undesirable personality traits. Results showed gender appropriateness had no significant effect on evaluation. Ratings…

  9. SERVICE OF MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL PERSONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    SERVICE OF MANAGEMENT OF PERSONAL PERSONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE Opening hours and organizational chart. It manages all the procedures relating to the temporary or permanent administrative staff, from the beginning to the ending of his relation with the University. Manages all the procedures relating

  10. Personal Constructs and Personal Paradigms: Elaboration, Modification, and Transformation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Candy, Philip C.

    1982-01-01

    Parallels are drawn between T. S. Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions and George Kelly's personal construct systems. Personal construct psychology is depicted as a particularly innovative approach to adult learning with implications for: (1) the philosophy of lifelong learning; (2) the importance of experience; (3) recognition of individual…

  11. Intelligence and personality characteristics associated with accuracy in rating a co-twin's personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Aitken Harris; Philip A Vernon; Kerry L Jang

    1998-01-01

    The relationship between measured intelligence and personality and accuracy in rating the personality traits of a same sex co-twin was examined. Participants completed a standard timed adult intelligence test, a personality inventory measuring 20 personality traits and personality adjectives corresponding to the 20 personality scales. Participants also completed the personality adjectives in a manner in which they felt would be

  12. Multimethod Investigation of Interpersonal Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Stepp, Stephanie D.; Hallquist, Michael N.; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Pilkonis, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Even though interpersonal functioning is of great clinical importance for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), the comparative validity of different assessment methods for interpersonal dysfunction has not yet been tested. This study examined multiple methods of assessing interpersonal functioning, including self- and other-reports, clinical ratings, electronic diaries, and social cognitions in three groups of psychiatric patients (N=138): patients with (1) BPD, (2) another personality disorder, and (3) Axis I psychopathology only. Using dominance analysis, we examined the predictive validity of each method in detecting changes in symptom distress and social functioning six months later. Across multiple methods, the BPD group often reported higher interpersonal dysfunction scores compared to other groups. Predictive validity results demonstrated that self-report and electronic diary ratings were the most important predictors of distress and social functioning. Our findings suggest that self-report scores and electronic diary ratings have high clinical utility, as these methods appear most sensitive to change. PMID:21808661

  13. Social Metadata for Personal Photography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Risto Sarvas; Marko Turpeinen

    The increasing number of media creation devices is adding to the organization and media management problem for personal media. Content describing metadata is seen as the most prominent answer to this problem. However, current metadata standards have shortcomings when it comes to the domain of personal media. This is because the standards are designed for public and professional uses of

  14. Personality Factors and Instructional Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Dennis; Randhawa, Bikkar S.

    The Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) was administered to 23 academically handicapped children (mean IQ, 79) and 35 academically gifted students (mean IQ, 147). The CPQ measures 14 distinct personality factors; data on these variables were analyzed using a 2 x 2 (academic ability x sex) analysis of variance design. A stepwise discriminant…

  15. Personal Money Management. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailard, Thomas E.; And Others

    This text for a junior college or college level course in personal finance contains five units organized around these clearly defined strategies: (1) setting one's financial goals, planning a career, preparing personal financial statements, and setting up a budget; (2) protecting one's income and assets through effective use of insurance; (3)…

  16. Comparative personality research: methodological approaches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jana Uher

    2008-01-01

    In the broadest sense, personality refers to stable inter-individual variability in beha- vioural organisation within a particular population. Researching personality in human as well as nonhuman species provides unique possibilities for comparisons across species with different phylogenies, ecologies and social systems. It also allows insights into mechanisms and processes of the evolution of population differences within and between species. The

  17. Goals and Personality in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanz de Acedo Lizarraga, M. L.; Ugarte, M. D.; Lumbreras, M. Victoria; Sanz de Acedo Baquedano, M. T.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of personality factors in the value allotted by adolescents to various groups of goals. For this purpose, the "Cuestionario de Personalidad Situacional, CPS" (Situational Personality Questionnaire) and the "Cuestionario de Metas para Adolescentes, CMA" (Goals for Adolescents Questionnaire)…

  18. Personalizing CS1 with robots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay Summet; Deepak Kumar; Keith O'Hara; Daniel Walker; Lijun Ni; Doug Blank; Tucker Balch

    2009-01-01

    We have developed a CS1 curriculum that uses a robotics context to teach introductory programming [1]. Core to our approach is that each student has their own personal robot. Our robot and software have been specifically developed to support the needs of a CS1 curriculum. We frame traditional problems (robot control) in terms that are personal, relevant, and fun. Initial

  19. Personalizing CS1 with robots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay Summet; Deepak Kumar; Keith J. O'hara; Daniel Walker; Lijun Ni; Douglas S. Blank; Tucker R. Balch

    2009-01-01

    We have developed a CS1 curriculum that uses a robotics context to teach introductory programming (1). Core to our approach is that each student has their own personal robot. Our robot and software have been specifically developed to support the needs of a CS1 curriculum. We frame tradi- tional problems (robot control) in terms that are personal, relevant, and fun.

  20. Personal, Interpersonal, and Political Temperaments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Alford; John R. Hibbing

    2007-01-01

    Are political liberals generous? Are political conservatives conscientious? Are generous people personally agreeable? Research in behavioral genetics and elsewhere increasingly indicates a biological basis for the manner in which people behave in personal, interpersonal, and political situations, but this biological basis does not mean behavior in these three very different contexts is correlated. In this article, using an original data

  1. Building Blocks for Personal Brands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the four essential building blocks for personal brands: (1) name; (2) message; (3) channels; and (4) bridges. However, outstanding building materials can only take a person so far. The author emphasizes that vision, determination, faith, a sense of humor, and humility are also required.

  2. Imagery Rescripting for Personality Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arntz, Arnoud

    2011-01-01

    Imagery rescripting is a powerful technique that can be successfully applied in the treatment of personality disorders. For personality disorders, imagery rescripting is not used to address intrusive images but to change the implicational meaning of schemas and childhood experiences that underlie the patient's problems. Various mechanisms that may…

  3. Personality Correlates of Polydrug Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilpatrick, Dean G.; And Others

    Although the personality correlates of heroin addiction, LSD use, and marijuana smoking have been frequently investigated, relatively few data are available to describe the personality or lifestyle variables correlated with the pattern of polydrug abuse. In an attempt to gather such information, 17 polydrug users, selected from a group of 224…

  4. Personality Model of Fine Artists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Debdulal Dutta

    1996-01-01

    Comparison of 51 artists and 51 nonartists in India found three personality factors (introversion, independence, and tender-mindedness) which, related to working style and creative production of artists, could best differentiate artists from nonartists. These could be predicted from seven other personality factors. (DB)

  5. Dynamics of personality organization. I

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. Maslow

    1943-01-01

    A reductive-analytic method is rejected in favor of a holistic-analytic approach. In studying personality, a general-dynamic point of view, i.e., holistic, functional, dynamic and purposive, is considered most adequate. After defining a personality syndrome as \\

  6. Validity in Personal Trait Attribution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gormly, John; Edelberg, Walter

    1974-01-01

    Results of this study provide strong evidence for the position that social aggressiveness can accurately be considered as a personality trait; that is, peer ratings of aggressiveness describe a recognizable component of a person's behavior which is consistent across situations. (Author)

  7. Individuality and the prejudiced personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine J. Reynolds; John C. Turner

    2006-01-01

    Many researchers maintain that individual psychological processes related to our human evolutionary inheritance, a person's particular genetic make-up, and\\/or childhood learning and socialisation patterns are a root cause of prejudice. The effects of collective processes on the individual are considered to be largely in the past, producing individual personalities and social attitudes that are relatively fixed and enduring. There is,

  8. Personal Epistemologies, Work and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billett, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This paper elaborates the role and development of personal epistemologies when learning through and for work. It does this by drawing on explanatory propositions from psychology, sociology and philosophical accounts. The aim here is to go beyond conceptions of epistemological beliefs and to position personal epistemologies as being active,…

  9. Personal Rapid Transit Minneapolis, Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    and Background Tom Sorel Laurie McGinnis The second event on personal rapid transit in Minnesota in less than/DOT commissioner Tom Sorel said the agency issued the RFI to see if personal rapid transit is a viable technologies, he said. "That's what's driving us, that's why we're here today to discuss PRT," he said. Sorel

  10. Personal constructs and homosexual stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Leitner; Suzana Cado

    1982-01-01

    Evaluated a personal-construct approach to the assessment of the potential for homosexual threat (homosexual stress). The measure, modified from personal construct research on death threat, was tested with 20 male and 20 female undergraduates. Those Ss who were more stressed by homosexuality had more negative attitudes toward homosexuality. Further, those Ss with the most negative attitudes toward homosexuals were those

  11. A Mobile Personalized RFID System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruay-shiung Chang; Jih-sheng Chang; Jiing-hsing Ruey

    2009-01-01

    RFID is a rapid-developing technology for wireless identification lately. There are many related products and systems for various applications. However, most of them only deal with logistic management or business management without involving users' concerns for personalized services. Therefore, it motivates us to develop a mobile personalized RFID system with an event processing model focusing on the characterization of identification

  12. Gender and personality in alcoholism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H.-G. Weijers; G. A. Wiesbeck; N. Wodarz; H. Keller; T. Michel; J. Böning

    2003-01-01

    Summary ¶The topic gender and personality in alcoholism is discussed on the background of a research project on clinical aspects of alcoholism at the University of Würzburg, Germany. The data of this study are presented in the context of two questions: Which personality differences are there between women and men dependent on alcohol, and is there a connection between these

  13. Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarabjot Singh Anand; Bamshad Mobasher

    2003-01-01

    In this chapter we provide a comprehensive overview of the topic of Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization. Web Personalization is viewed as an application of data mining and machine learning techniques to build mod- els of user behaviour that can be applied to the task of predicting user needs and adapting future interactions with the ultimate goal of improved user

  14. Pharmacogenetics: implementing personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania

    2009-01-01

    Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics have been widely recognized as fundamental steps toward personalized medicine. They deal with genetically determined variants in how individuals respond to drugs, and hold the promise to revolutionize drug therapy by tailoring it according to individual genotypes.The clinical need for novel approaches to improve drug therapy derives from the high rate of adverse reactions to drugs and their lack of efficacy in many individuals that may be predicted by pharmacogenetic testing.Significant advances in pharmacogenetic research have been made since inherited differences in response to drugs such as isoniazid and succinylcholine were explored in the 1950s. The clinical utility and applications of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are at present particularly evident in some therapeutic areas (anticancer, psycotrophic, and anticoagulant drugs).Recent evidence derived from several studies includes screening for thiopurine methyl transferase or uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyl-transferase 1A1 gene polymorphisms to prevent mercaptopurine and azathioprine or irinotecan induced myelosuppression, respectively. Also there is a large body of information concerning cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms and their relationship to drug toxicity and response. Further examples include screening the presence of the HLA-B*5701 allele to prevent the hypersensitivity reactions to abacavir and the assessment of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER-2) expression for trastuzumab therapy of breast cancer or that of KRAS mutation status for cetuximab or panitumumab therapy in colorectal cancer.Moreover, the application of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics to therapies used in the treatment of osteoarticular diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis) holds great promise for tailoring therapy with clinically relevant drugs (e.g. disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, vitamin D, and estrogens). Although the classical candidate gene approach has helped unravel genetic variants that influence clinical drug responsiveness, gene-wide association studies have recently gained attention as they enable to associate specific genetic variants or quantitative differences in gene expression with drug response.Although research findings are accumulating, most of the potential of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics remains to be explored and must be validated in prospective randomized clinical trials.The genetic and molecular foundations of personalized medicine appear solid and evidence indicates its growing importance in healthcare. PMID:22461093

  15. GENDER ROLE AND PERSONALITY DISORDERS

    PubMed Central

    Klonsky, E. David; Jane, J. Serrita; Turkheimer, Eric; Oltmanns, Thomas F.

    2015-01-01

    Many researchers have hypothesized relationships between personality disorders and gender role (i.e., masculinity and femininity). However, research has not addressed if people who are masculine or feminine more often meet the criteria for personality disorders. The present study examined whether college students (N = 665, 60% women) higher in masculinity or femininity more often exhibited features of the 10 DSM-IV personality disorders. Feminine men exhibited more features of all the personality disorders except antisocial. Dependent traits were associated with higher femininity and lower masculinity. Antisocial traits were associated with masculinity. Both men and women who typically behaved consistent with their gender had more narcissistic and histrionic features, whereas participants who typically behaved unlike their gender had more features of the Cluster A personality disorders. PMID:12489312

  16. Economic crime: does personality matter?

    PubMed

    Alalehto, Tage

    2003-06-01

    Since the publication of Edwin Sutherland's classical study, White Collar Crime, personality has been treated as completely irrelevant as a cause or as a correlating variable in studies of economic crime. This article questions that thesis. In an ongoing Swedish project studying economic crime in the areas of construction, engineering, and the music industry, 128 informants were interviewed regarding the personal character of the economic criminal compared to that of the law-abiding businessperson. Data were collected from five different regions in Sweden using the Big Five model, the personality model most often used within the field of personality research today. This article compares the results from the interviews with the few international studies that exist regarding economic crimes in these areas and common results are emphasized. It also presents nuanced analyses of the significance of personality in economic crime. PMID:12808742

  17. Leadership, collective personality, and performance.

    PubMed

    Hofmann, David A; Jones, Lisa M

    2005-05-01

    By viewing behavior regularities at the individual and collective level as functionally isomorphic, a referent-shift compositional model for the Big 5 personality dimensions is developed. On the basis of this compositional model, a common measure of Big 5 personality at the individual level is applied to the collective as a whole. Within this framework, it is also hypothesized that leadership (i.e., transformational, transactional, and passive) would predict collective personality and that collective personality would be significantly related to collective performance. The results supported these hypotheses using a sample of franchised units. On the basis of recent research at the individual level, several interactions among the various personality dimensions were hypothesized and supported. Implications are discussed. PMID:15910146

  18. Normal personality versus pathological personality: dimensional and predictive study.

    PubMed

    Aluja, Anton; Blanch, Angel; Balada, Ferran

    2013-11-01

    The present study aimed to replicate the previous relationship between the Zuckerman personality model and the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ) and to evaluate the contribution of the facets and factors from Zuckerman's new instrument Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) versus the old Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire to the four clusters of the DAPP-BQ. The sample consisted of 443 subjects from the general population of both sexes. The ZKA-PQ dimensions predicted between 35 % and 61% of the DAPP-BQ cluster variance and facets between 54% and 63%. Local regression graphical analysis (LOESS) showed that neuroticism and aggressiveness are the dimensions most related with emotional dysregulation. Sensation seeking and aggressiveness were associated with dissocial behaviour. Neuroticism and extraversion (negative) were associated with social avoidance and activity and sensation seeking (negative) with compulsiveness. The new ZKA-PQ improves the psychometric properties of the old Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire. Both dimensional personality measures can play a role in the prediction of the future DSM-V personality disorder dimensional system. PMID:24343978

  19. The AAS electronic resource

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boyce, Peter B.; Biemesderfer, Chris; Owens, Evan

    Recent experience is helping to sharpen our understanding of how the electronic world differs from the centuries-old, paper-based communication methods. The electronic future is highly interlinked, with all different types of information being included in the web of available resources. The enhanced ability to interchange information electronically improves the effectiveness of communication. At this time the author community does not make full use of the new capabilities. Most astronomers writing for electronic distribution have been slow to adopt new styles of presentation which exploit the new capabilities inherent in the electronic environment. By working together and sharing the burden, the community's resources can be multiplied. A coordinated distributed effort can yield a much more valuable product than any single person or group. Long term archiving and site maintenance are important responsibilities for publishers of electronic scholarly information. Ensuring access to electronic information into the foreseeable future takes planning from the beginning, and requires cooperation between the publishers, libraries, and other scholarly institutions.

  20. Electron radiography

    DOEpatents

    Merrill, Frank E.; Morris, Christopher

    2005-05-17

    A system capable of performing radiography using a beam of electrons. Diffuser means receive a beam of electrons and diffuse the electrons before they enter first matching quadrupoles where the diffused electrons are focused prior to the diffused electrons entering an object. First imaging quadrupoles receive the focused diffused electrons after the focused diffused electrons have been scattered by the object for focusing the scattered electrons. Collimator means receive the scattered electrons and remove scattered electrons that have scattered to large angles. Second imaging quadrupoles receive the collimated scattered electrons and refocus the collimated scattered electrons and map the focused collimated scattered electrons to transverse locations on an image plane representative of the electrons' positions in the object.

  1. Personal Development Planner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogten, Hubert; Martens, Harrie

    We are facing many ever changing and increasing learning needs in our information society. Society is changing at an increasing pace, constantly pushed forward by emerging new information and communication technologies. New and changing demands of society on the individual, both on and off the job, are following these technological changes in a similar pace. In just one generation, information and communications technologies have revolutionised the way we live, learn, work and play. As a result, technical skills, communication skills, knowledge, in short competences are quickly outdated and require constant updating. Jobs for a lifetime have become the exception and are in fact considered undesirable by both the employer and the employee. Therefore, the traditional approach towards learning, which mainly took place during very specific stages of someone’s life, has been replaced by the idea of professional development. The information society has also lead to more active and involved society members, who are increasingly more demanding regarding their personal goals and developments. Individuals are regularly confronted with question such as: are my competences still up-to-date?; is my current job still satisfying and challenging enough?; in what directions can I change my career?; can I improve myself?; what other opportunities do I have? These types of question are not necessarily work related, although they often are.

  2. Sexual orientation and personality.

    PubMed

    Lippa, Richard A

    2005-01-01

    The relation between sexual orientation and personality was examined in a meta-analysis with a total sample of 2,724 heterosexual men, 799 gay men, 157 bisexual men, 5,053 heterosexual women, 697 lesbian women, and 317 bisexual women. Self-ascribed masculinity-femininity (Self-M-F) and gender-related interests showed the largest heterosexual-homosexual differences (respective ds = .60 and 1.28 for men, and -1.28 and -1.46 for women) and the largest sex differences (respective ds = 2.83 and 2.65). Instrumentality and expressiveness showed much smaller heterosexual-homosexual and sex differences. Big Five traits showed a number of small-to-moderate heterosexual-homosexual and sex differences. Bisexual men were much more like gay men than like heterosexual men in their Self-M-F and gender-related interests, whereas bisexual women were intermediate between lesbian and heterosexual women. Homosexual participants were more variable on some gender-related traits than same-sex heterosexuals were. The gender inversion hypothesis-that gay men's traits tend to be somewhat feminized and that lesbians' traits tend to be somewhat masculinized-received considerable support. Results are discussed in terms of biological and psychosocial theories of gender and sexual orientation. PMID:16913290

  3. Packet personal radiation monitor

    DOEpatents

    Phelps, James E. (Knoxville, TN)

    1989-01-01

    A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a low-loss sensing network which generates a feedback signal to control the high voltage power supply such that the high voltage bias is recharged to +500 VDC when the current pulses of the sensor, generated by the detection of ionizing radiation events, discharges the high voltage bias to +450 VDC. During the high voltage recharge period an audio transducer is activated to produce an audible "chirp". The rate of the "chirps" is controlled by the rate at which the high voltage bias is recharged, which is proportional to the radiation field intensity to which the sensor is exposed. The chirp rate sensitivity is set to be approximately 1.5 (chirps/min/MR/hr.). The G-M tube sensor is used in a current sensing mode so that the device does not paralyze in a high radiation field.

  4. Packet personal radiation monitor

    DOEpatents

    Phelps, J.E.

    1988-03-31

    A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a low-loss sensing network which generates a feedback signal to control the high voltage power supply such that the high voltage bias is recharged to +500 VDC when the current pulses of the sensor, generated by the detection of ionizing radiatonevents, discharges the high voltage bias to +450 VDC. During the high voltage recharge period an audio transducer is activated to produce an audible ''chirp''. The rate of the ''chirps'' is controlled by the rate at which the high voltage bias is recharged, which is proportional to the radiation field intensity to which the sensor is exposed. The chirp rate sensitivity is set to be approximately 1.5 (chirps/min/MR/hr.). The G-M tube sensor is used in a current sensing mode so that the device does not paralyze in a high radiation field. 2 figs.

  5. Personality Diagnosis for Personalized eHealth Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cortellese, Fabio; Nalin, Marco; Morandi, Angelica; Sanna, Alberto; Grasso, Floriana

    In this paper we present two different approaches to personality diagnosis, for the provision of innovative personalized services, as used in a case study where diabetic patients were supported in the improvement of physical activity in their daily life. The first approach presented relies on a static clustering of the population, with a specific motivation strategy designed for each cluster. The second approach relies on a dynamic population clustering, making use of recommendation systems and algorithms, like Collaborative Filtering. We discuss pro and cons of each approach and a possible combination of the two, as the most promising solution for this and other personalization services in eHealth.

  6. Music Training, Cognition, and Personality

    PubMed Central

    Corrigall, Kathleen A.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Misura, Nicole M.

    2013-01-01

    Although most studies that examined associations between music training and cognitive abilities had correlational designs, the prevailing bias is that music training causes improvements in cognition. It is also possible, however, that high-functioning children are more likely than other children to take music lessons, and that they also differ in personality. We asked whether individual differences in cognition and personality predict who takes music lessons and for how long. The participants were 118 adults (Study 1) and 167 10- to 12-year-old children (Study 2). We collected demographic information and measured cognitive ability and the Big Five personality dimensions. As in previous research, cognitive ability was associated with musical involvement even when demographic variables were controlled statistically. Novel findings indicated that personality was associated with musical involvement when demographics and cognitive ability were held constant, and that openness-to-experience was the personality dimension with the best predictive power. These findings reveal that: (1) individual differences influence who takes music lessons and for how long, (2) personality variables are at least as good as cognitive variables at predicting music training, and (3) future correlational studies of links between music training and non-musical ability should account for individual differences in personality. PMID:23641225

  7. Stills from movies : personal photography and the personal computer

    E-print Network

    Hourvitz, Leo

    1985-01-01

    A system for the capture and combination of video images is proposed as a prototype for a future personal computer that allows free manipulation and intermixing of information from the computer, video, and photography ...

  8. Personality correlates of employees' personal use of work computers.

    PubMed

    Everton, Wendi J; Mastrangelo, Paul M; Jolton, Jeffrey A

    2005-04-01

    The advent of the desktop computer has allowed organizations to help their employees become faster and more productive workers. Some employees, however, use their work computers in unproductive ways as well, such as sending personal email and playing computer games. We call this Personal Use of Work Computers (PUWC). Using a work computer for personal reasons deviates from many organizations' norms. In the current study, we surveyed employees at an educational institution and asked them to report how they use their computers at work. These respondents also answered questions related to their sensation seeking, impulsiveness, conscientiousness, and job satisfaction as well as demographic information. We found that people who use their computers in unproductive ways tend to be men, younger, more impulsive, and less conscientious. We also found that those who use their computers for riskier PUWC behaviors (like viewing sexual content) tended to have sensation seeking personalities. PMID:15938654

  9. Metropolitan Area Personal Income and Per Capita Personal Income: 1999

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This new release from the BEA shows that "strong earnings growth in 'new economy' industries like business services and communications contributed to rapid personal income growth for the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas in 1999."

  10. Computational Challenges of Personal Genomics

    PubMed Central

    Bolouri, Hamid

    2008-01-01

    It is widely predicted that cost and efficiency gains in sequencing will usher in an era of personal genomics and personalized, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine within a decade. I review the computational challenges ahead and propose general and specific directions for research and development. There is an urgent need to develop semantic ontologies that span genomics, molecular systems biology, and medical data. Although the development of such ontologies would be costly and difficult, the benefits will far outweigh the costs. I argue that availability of such ontologies would allow a revolution in web-services for personal genomics and medicine. PMID:19440448

  11. How to Recieve Personal Revelaiton

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bro. Boyce

    2006-10-03

    Activity: You are going to make a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father resonds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Items Needed for this activity: (Go get them you\\'ll use them for this activity. If you don\\'t have your scriptures at home, used the links below.) -Scriptures -Pencil -Journal Read the following scriptures and underline the keywords you find that teach you how we receive personal revelation. Scripture #1:D C 8:2-3 Turn to the scripture above and ...

  12. Solid-State Personal Dosimetry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wrbanek, John D.; Fralick, Gustave C.; Wrbanek, Susan Y.

    2005-01-01

    This document is a web site page, and a data sheet about Personal protection (i.e., space suits) presented to the Radiation and Micrometeoroid Mitigation Technology Focus Group meeting. The website describes the work of the PI to improve solid state personal radiation dosimetry. The data sheet presents work on the active personal radiation detection system that is to provide real-time local radiation exposure information during EVA. Should undue exposure occur, knowledge of the dynamic intensity conditions during the exposure will allow more precise diagnostic assessment of the potential health risk to the exposed individual.

  13. Personalized medicine: selected Web resources

    PubMed Central

    Stimson, Nancy F.

    2009-01-01

    Information about personalized medicine abounds, yet it is difficult to comprehensively search for information on this topic due to the broadness of the term “personalized medicine, ” the variety of terms that are used to describe this concept, the vast amount of pertinent journal articles and Web sites, and the fast pace of developments in this field, A selected list of Web sites is provided as a starting place for information about concepts, terminology, projects, databases, tools, and stakeholders related to personalized medicine. PMID:20135904

  14. 76 FR 56294 - Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ...RIN 1625-AB60 Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices AGENCY...for inflatable recreational personal flotation devices (PFDs...rule entitled ``Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices'' in the...was revised to return this value to 10%. Another...

  15. 31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

  16. 31 CFR 800.221 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

  17. Personality Predicts Cognitive Function Over Seven Years in Older Persons

    PubMed Central

    Chapman, Benjamin; Duberstein, Paul; Tindle, Hilary A; Sink, Kaycee M; Robbins, John; Tancredi, Daniel J.; Franks, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Objectives To determine whether Neuroticism, as well as the less-studied dimensions the Five Factor Model of personality (Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) were associated with 7-year trajectories of cognitive functioning in older persons. Design Primary analysis of existing clinical trial data. Participants 602 persons of average age 79 at baseline. Measurements The NEO-Five Factor Inventory of personality, completed at baseline, and the modified Mini Mental Status Exam (3MSE) measured every 6 months for 7 years. Results Controlling for demographics, baseline morbidities including depression, health behaviors, Apolipoprotein E4 genotype, and self-rated health, higher Neuroticism was associated with worse average cognitive functioning and a steeper rate of decline over follow-up. Higher Extraversion and lower Openness were both associated with worse average cognitive functioning prospectively, while persons higher in Conscientiousness showed a slower rate of cognitive decline. Conclusions In addition to Neuroticism, other dispositional tendencies appear prognostically relevant for cognitive functioning in older persons. More work is needed to understand the mechanisms by which traits operate, as well as whether mitigation of certain dispositional tendencies can facilitate a better course of cognitive function. PMID:22735597

  18. Personal genomes, quantitative dynamic omics and personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    Mias, George I.; Snyder, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The rapid technological developments following the Human Genome Project have made possible the availability of personalized genomes. As the focus now shifts from characterizing genomes to making personalized disease associations, in combination with the availability of other omics technologies, the next big push will be not only to obtain a personalized genome, but to quantitatively follow other omics. This will include transcriptomes, proteomes, metabolomes, antibodyomes, and new emerging technologies, enabling the profiling of thousands of molecular components in individuals. Furthermore, omics profiling performed longitudinally can probe the temporal patterns associated with both molecular changes and associated physiological health and disease states. Such data necessitates the development of computational methodology to not only handle and descriptively assess such data, but also construct quantitative biological models. Here we describe the availability of personal genomes and developing omics technologies that can be brought together for personalized implementations and how these novel integrated approaches may effectively provide a precise personalized medicine that focuses on not only characterization and treatment but ultimately the prevention of disease.

  19. Chemistry of Personalized Solar Energy

    E-print Network

    Nocera, Daniel G.

    Personalized energy (PE) is a transformative idea that provides a new modality for the planet’s energy future. By providing solar energy to the individual, an energy supply becomes secure and available to people of both ...

  20. Code AI Personal Web Pages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

  1. The Holocaust: A Personal Encounter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marmor, Margie

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that story is a powerful tool in teaching antiracist education. Presents the personal story of a World War II concentration camp survivor. Discusses the use of Holocaust literature to explore anti-Semitism and racism. (CFR)

  2. Maturation of personality in adolescence.

    PubMed

    Klimstra, Theo A; Hale, William W; Raaijmakers, Quinten A W; Branje, Susan J T; Meeus, Wim H J

    2009-04-01

    The present research assesses adolescent personality maturation by examining 3 measures of change and stability (i.e., mean-level change, rank-order stability, and profile similarity) of Big Five personality traits, employing data from a 5-annual-wave study with overlapping early to middle (n = 923) and middle to late (n = 390) adolescent cohorts. Results indicated that mean levels of Agreeableness and Emotional Stability increased during adolescence. There was mixed evidence for increases in Extraversion and Openness. Additionally, rank-order stability and profile similarity of adolescent personality traits clearly increased from early to late adolescence. For all change facets, the authors found evidence for gender differences in the timing of adolescent personality maturation, as girls were found to mature earlier than boys. PMID:19309210

  3. Device-transparent personal storage

    E-print Network

    Strauss, Jacob A. (Jacob Alo), 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Users increasingly store data collections such as digital photographs on multiple personal devices, each of which typically presents the user with a storage management interface isolated from the contents of all other ...

  4. DEATH AND MENTALLY RETARDED PERSONS

    E-print Network

    Evans, Daryl

    1981-01-01

    Special images associated with the concept ofdeath are applied to people who are mentally retarded. The images reflect, and are reflected in, social attitudes which often lead to alienating expertences for retarded persons. These experiences...

  5. Setting a personal career direction.

    PubMed

    McCurdy, Fredrick A; Marcdante, Karen

    2003-01-01

    In summary, we believe that both you and your organization should have a set of core values, a well-defined mission (core purpose), and a vision of the future. Ideally, your projects and activities should be congruent with your mission and values, you should be pursuing your vision, and all of this should be congruent with the organization mission and values. Practically speaking, most individuals we have worked with over the years find themselves in two different groups at this point in the exercise. The minority find that their personal mission is not at all similar to the mission of their current organization and they find it necessary to seriously reevaluate their personal career direction. Sometimes, this results in them finding some other place to work. On the other hand, the majority discover their personal mission is in reasonable agreement with that of their organization. For both, this exercise has helped them clarify and better manage their personal career direction. PMID:12690951

  6. Interpersonal process and borderline personality

    E-print Network

    Hopwood, Christopher James

    2009-05-15

    Although borderline personality is characterized by a variety of interpersonal antecedents and consequences, interpersonal theory has yet to develop an adequate model of the disorder. It was hypothesized that considerations of non...

  7. Modal Personality in the Bahamas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefley, Harriet P.

    1972-01-01

    Reports investigation of modal personality of a colonial people evolving toward independence--Phase I of a longitudinal study of behavioral adaptation to sociopolitical change. Comparative data from Thailand and the Philippines are also presented. (RJ)

  8. Personal Change and Intervention Style

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, John D. W.

    1977-01-01

    Presents a theory of personal change and analyzes growth-producing interventions using examples from the film, "Three Approaches to Psychotherapy". Compares the styles of Carl Rogers, Frttz Perls, and Albert Ellis to illustrate the theory. (Editor/RK)

  9. A Foolproof Personal Filing System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Thomas F.; Gentry, Castelle G.

    1979-01-01

    Describes the personal inverted filing system (PIFS) which features (1) storage accession numbers, (2) main entry bibliography cards, (3) retrieval by matrix or bibliography cards, and (4) classification by descriptors from existing thesauri. (CMV)

  10. Affordable avatar control system for personal robots

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jun Ki, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Social robots (personal robots) emphasize individualized social interaction and communication with people. To maximize communication capacity of a personal robot, designers make it more anthropomorphic (or zoomorphic), and ...

  11. 7 CFR 1220.118 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.118 Person. The term person...

  12. Policy Name: Policy on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act of Ontario ("FIPPA"), is unaffected by this Policy of PIPEDA. Other questions of freedom of information and protection of privacy at the University in ensuring compliance by the University with PIPEDA will be provided by the Freedom of Information

  13. Accessing personal electronic health records: End users' evaluations

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    , Richard Fitton2, Amir Hannan3 1Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology Centre for Healthcare (MATCH of Technology Centre for Healthcare Count % Accessing online MR ever saved calls to GPS in last 12 months No 66. Acknowledgements This work was funded by the Health Foundation and the Multidisciplinary Assessment of Technology

  14. Ethnicity and four personality disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denise A Chavira; Carlos M Grilo; M. Tracie Shea; Shirley Yen; John G Gunderson; Leslie C Morey; Andrew E Skodol; Robert L Stout; Mary C Zanarini; Thomas H Mcglashan

    2003-01-01

    The current study examined the relationship between ethnicity and DSM-IV personality disorders. The distribution of four personality disorders—borderline (BPD), schizotypal (STPD), avoidant (AVPD), and obsessive-compulsive (OCPD)—along with their criteria sets, were compared across three ethnic groups (Caucasians, African Americans, and Hispanics) using both a clinician-administered diagnostic interview and a self-report instrument. Participants were 554 patients drawn from the Collaborative Longitudinal

  15. Emotional processing in personality disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabine C. Herpertz

    2003-01-01

    In the field of personality disorders, borderline and antisocial types are associated with emotional dysfunctioning. In borderline\\u000a personality disorder (BPD), the hypothesis of emotional hyperresponsiveness can be supported by several experimental studies\\u000a that suggest highly intensive and slowly subsiding emotions to primed and non-primed stimuli, as well as by data showing biased\\u000a information, which processes in the context of emotions.

  16. Great Talks about Personal Revelation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bro. Boyce

    2006-10-19

    Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

  17. Great Talks about Personal Revelation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bro. Boyce

    2006-10-03

    Click on any of these talks to learn some more great information about recieving revelation. Here are some great talks about what we learned in seminary this last week: Did You Get the Right Message? by President James E. Faust Personal Revelation: The Gift, the Test, and the Promise Download this MP3 and put it on your iPod! How to Receive Personal Revelation By Bruce R. McConkie MP3 Download ...

  18. Mother's personality and infant temperament

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Macedo; M. Marques; S. Bos; B. R. Maia; T. Pereira; M. J. Soares; J. Valente; A. A. Gomes; V. Nogueira; M. H. Azevedo

    2011-01-01

    We examined if perfectionism and the perception of being an anxious person were associated with more negative infant temperament ratings by the mothers. 386 women (mean age=30.08; standard deviation=4.21) in their last trimester of pregnancy completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and an item about their perception of being or not an anxious person. The

  19. The ideal romantic partner personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aurelio José Figueredo; Jon Adam Sefcek; Daniel Nelson Jones

    2006-01-01

    Most contemporary social psychological studies on inter-personal attraction have independently explored the competing concepts of similarity and complementarity. Incorporating evolutionary principles associated with assortative mating, two studies were conducted that examined individual difference preferences using the five-factor model (FFM) of human personality as assessed by the NEO-FFI. The first study (N=104) examined the degree to which individuals showed an absolute

  20. The Roma Personal Metadata Service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Swierk; Emre Kiciman; Nathan C. Williams; Takashi Fukushima; Hideki Yoshida; Vince Laviano; Mary Baker

    2002-01-01

    People now have available to them a diversity of dig- ital storage facilities, including laptops, cell phone address books, handheld devices, desktop comput- ers and web-based storage services. Unfortunately, as the number of personal data repositories in- creases, so does the management problem of ensur- ing that the most up-to-date version of any docu- ment in a user's personal file

  1. [Life events, personality and dementia].

    PubMed

    Clément, Jean-Pierre; Darthout, Nicolas; Nubukpo, Philippe

    2003-06-01

    Etiopathogeny of dementia is presently considered as multidimensional, involving genetic, biological and psychological factors. This study was aimed to find out if life events and personality are risk factors for dementia and varied according to the type of dementia. 54 subjects meeting the DSM IV criteria for dementia were included and compared to 54 cognitively controls. 25 patients had dementia of Alzheimer type, 17 frontotemporal dementia and 12 vascular dementia. Data collection was performed using various questionnaires filled in by the patients and caregivers: questionnaire EVVIE for life events, the French version of the personality traits (VKP) for the assessment of personality, a questionnaire for diagnosing alexithymia (EFEA), the mini-geriatric depression scale for depression, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory for behavioural disorders. Cognitive function was assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination, and the Global Deterioration Scale. Significant differences were found between people suffering from dementia and controls for the frequency and impact of several life events occurred during childhood, marital or professional life. Some qualitative but no quantitative differences in life events experienced were found between patients with different types of dementia. People suffering from dementia had significant personality traits higher than controls such as passivity, avoidance, obsessive features and alexithymia. However, no difference was found in personality traits between subjects with the different types of dementia. These results suggest that psychosocial cumulative stress and personality could constitute a risk factor for dementia, which could be mediated by a dysregulation in the HPA axis. PMID:15683949

  2. Design and Implementation of XML-based electronic patient record secure transmission in the Internet XML encryption applications in electronic cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Yan; Hou XiuPing

    2010-01-01

    Electronic patient record based on XML involves the patient's personal secrets, how to transmit on the net safely, it is more important problem, this paper uses the encryption of XML, realize the security question of the electronic patient record.

  3. Proposed Changes in Personality and Personality Disorder Assessment and Diagnosis for DSM5 Part I: Description and Rationale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew E. Skodol; Lee Anna Clark; Donna S. Bender; Robert F. Krueger; Leslie C. Morey; Roel Verheul; Renato D. Alarcon; Carl C. Bell; Larry J. Siever; John M. Oldham

    2011-01-01

    A major reconceptualization of personality psychopathology has been proposed for DSM-5 that identifies core impairments in personality functioning, pathological personality traits, and prominent pathological personality types. A comprehensive personality assessment consists of four components: levels of personality functioning, personality disorder types, pathological personality trait domains and facets, and general criteria for personality disorder. This four-part assessment focuses attention on identifying

  4. Personality in cyberspace: personal Web sites as media for personality expressions and impressions.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Bernd; Machilek, Franz; Schütz, Astrid

    2006-06-01

    This research examined the personality of owners of personal Web sites based on self-reports, visitors' ratings, and the content of the Web sites. The authors compared a large sample of Web site owners with population-wide samples on the Big Five dimensions of personality. Controlling for demographic differences, the average Web site owner reported being slightly less extraverted and more open to experience. Compared with various other samples, Web site owners did not generally differ on narcissism, self-monitoring, or self-esteem, but gender differences on these traits were often smaller in Web site owners. Self-other agreement was highest with Openness to Experience, but valid judgments of all Big Five dimensions were derived from Web sites providing rich information. Visitors made use of quantifiable features of the Web site to infer personality, and the cues they utilized partly corresponded to self-reported traits. PMID:16784349

  5. Personal health records: the people's choice?

    PubMed

    Sprague, Lisa

    2006-11-30

    Information technology (IT), especially in the form of an electronic health record (EHR), is touted by many as a key component of meaningful improvement in health care delivery and outcomes. A personal health record (PHR) may be an element of an EHR or a stand-alone record. Proponents of PHRs see them as tools that will improve consumers' ability to manage their care and will also enlist consumers as advocates for widespread health IT adoption. This issue brief explores what a PHR is, the extent of demand for it, issues that need to be resolved before such records can be expected to proliferate, and public-private efforts to promote them. PMID:17146910

  6. Personalized biomedical devices & systems for healthcare applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, I.-Ming; Phee, Soo Jay; Luo, Zhiqiang; Lim, Chee Kian

    2011-03-01

    With the advancement in micro- and nanotechnology, electromechanical components and systems are getting smaller and smaller and gradually can be applied to the human as portable, mobile and even wearable devices. Healthcare industry have started to benefit from this technology trend by providing more and more miniature biomedical devices for personalized medical treatments in order to obtain better and more accurate outcome. This article introduces some recent development in non-intrusive and intrusive biomedical devices resulted from the advancement of niche miniature sensors and actuators, namely, wearable biomedical sensors, wearable haptic devices, and ingestible medical capsules. The development of these devices requires carful integration of knowledge and people from many different disciplines like medicine, electronics, mechanics, and design. Furthermore, designing affordable devices and systems to benefit all mankind is a great challenge ahead. The multi-disciplinary nature of the R&D effort in this area provides a new perspective for the future mechanical engineers.

  7. An Overview of Electronic Passport Security Features

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ?íha, Zden?k

    Electronic passports include contactless chip which stores personal data of the passport holder, information about the passport and the issuing institution. In its simplest form an electronic passport contains just a collection of read-only files, more advanced variants can include sophisticated cryptographic mechanisms protecting security of the document and / or privacy of the passport holder. This paper describes security features of electronic passports and discusses their efficiency.

  8. Convoy electrons

    SciTech Connect

    Burgdoerfer, J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-01-01

    Recent developments in the theory of the production and of the transport of convoy electrons through solids are reviewed. Similarities and differences to cusp electron emission in binary ion-atom collisions and to transport of free'' electrons through solids are highlighted. We also discuss recent observations of convoy electron emission in ion-surface collisions at small glancing angles. 36 refs., 13 figs.

  9. Personal neutron dosimetry in the space station MIR and the space shuttle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Luszik-Bhadra; M. Matzke; T. Otto; G. Reitz; H. Schuhmacher

    1999-01-01

    A passive neutron dosemeter based on nuclear track detectors and TLD's was used in 1995 and 1997 on the MIR station and in Space Shuttle flights to MIR. As it is equipped with neutron converters and shieldings of different types the track detector system allows the neutron dose equivalent to be determined in rough energy intervals. The results of the

  10. Electronic Circuit Theory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site has 13 interactive animated lessons about electronic circuit theory, it is self-paced. It provides great information to provide students further information in theory. The following topics are covered: Ohm's Law, power & energy, Kirchoff's Laws, resistors in series, resistors in parallel, node analysis, mesh analysis, superposition, thevenin & norton, diodes, transistors, capacitors, inductors. Overall, the website provides a nice overview of a plethora of topics. The lessons are well done, using extensive Flash programming, and allows the user go at their own personal pace.

  11. Dysfunctional beliefs and antisocial personality disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary McMurran; Gary Christopher

    2008-01-01

    Beck identified dysfunctional beliefs associated with personality disorders and these form the basis of the Personality Belief Questionnaire (PBQ). The PBQ has not yet been empirically examined in relation to antisocial personality disorder (ASPD); here, we examined the associations between PBQ antisocial beliefs and ASPD diagnosis, identified using the International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE). Adult male prisoners were grouped as

  12. Personality Predictors of Participation as a Mentor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niehoff, Brian P.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to focus on the personality characteristics of mentors. Design/methodology/approach: The five factor model of personality was used to examine relationships between personality and participation as a mentor. A sample of 194 practicing veterinarians were surveyed on the five factor model of personality and a…

  13. Hypnosis creates multiple personality: Myth or reality?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bennett G. Braun

    1984-01-01

    Since before the turn of the century, multiple personality has been associated with hysteria and hypnosis. The myth that hypnosis can create multiple personality is examined in this paper by reviewing studies that have suggested or implied a casual link between hypnosis and multiple personality. While it is possible that personality fragments can appear under hypnosis, there is no evidence

  14. Personality Theories for the 21st Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrae, Robert R.

    2011-01-01

    Classic personality theories, although intriguing, are outdated. The five-factor model of personality traits reinvigorated personality research, and the resulting findings spurred a new generation of personality theories. These theories assign a central place to traits and acknowledge the crucial role of evolved biology in shaping human…

  15. Conscientiousness and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas B. Samuel; Thomas A. Widiger

    2011-01-01

    A dimensional perspective on personality disorder hypothesizes that the current diagnostic categories represent maladaptive variants of general personality traits. However, a fundamental foundation of this viewpoint is that dimensional models can adequately account for the pathology currently described by these categories. While most of the personality disorders have well established links to dimensional models that buttress this hypothesis, obsessive–compulsive personality

  16. The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borghans, Lex; Duckworth, Angela Lee; Heckman, James J.; ter Weel, Bas

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the interface between personality psychology and economics. We examine the predictive power of personality and the stability of personality traits over the life cycle. We develop simple analytical frameworks for interpreting the evidence in personality psychology and suggest promising avenues for future research. The paper…

  17. Ethnicity and four personality disorders.

    PubMed

    Chavira, Denise A; Grilo, Carlos M; Shea, M Tracie; Yen, Shirley; Gunderson, John G; Morey, Leslie C; Skodol, Andrew E; Stout, Robert L; Zanarini, Mary C; McGlashan, Thomas H

    2003-01-01

    The current study examined the relationship between ethnicity and DSM-IV personality disorders. The distribution of four personality disorders--borderline (BPD), schizotypal (STPD), avoidant (AVPD), and obsessive-compulsive (OCPD)--along with their criteria sets, were compared across three ethnic groups (Caucasians, African Americans, and Hispanics) using both a clinician-administered diagnostic interview and a self-report instrument. Participants were 554 patients drawn from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS) who comprised these three ethnic groups and met personality disorder criteria based on reliably administered semistructured interviews. Chi-square analyses revealed disproportionately higher rates of BPD in Hispanic than in Caucasian and African American participants and higher rates of STPD among African Americans when compared to Caucasians. Self-report data reflected similar patterns. The findings suggest that in treatment-seeking samples, Caucasians, Hispanics, and African Americans may present with different patterns of personality pathology. The factors contributing to these differences warrant further investigation. PMID:14610727

  18. Electronic Jewelry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Vesta

    1972-01-01

    Brightly banded resisters, condensers, diodes and transistors as well as printed circuit boards were used with the objective of discovering their potential in creating objects for personal adornment. (RB)

  19. PC Board Layout and Electronic Drafting with CAD. Teacher Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryson, Jimmy

    This teacher's guide contains 11 units of instruction for a course on computer electronics and computer-assisted drafting (CAD) using a personal computer (PC). The course covers the following topics: introduction to electronic drafting with CAD; CAD system and software; basic electronic theory; component identification; basic integrated circuit…

  20. An Ultra-Low Power Subband-Based Electronic Stethoscope

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Johnson; David Hermann; Melody Witter; Etienne Cornu; Robert Brennan; Alain Dufaux

    2006-01-01

    Electronic stethoscopes are able to offer signal amplification and other benefits over traditional stethoscopes. However, many electronic stethoscopes rely on a personal computer for their signal processing, which reduces portability and requires a relatively large amount of power. This paper presents a low power, portable electronic stethoscope system that is based on a signal processing approach using an over-sampled filterbank.

  1. Understanding the Person through Narrative

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

    2011-01-01

    Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed. PMID:21994820

  2. Cosmological Inflation: A Personal Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demos

    2008-01-01

    We present a brief review of Cosmological Inflation from the personal perspective of the speaker who almost 30 years ago proposed a way of resolving the problem of Cosmological Horizon by employing certain notions and developments from the field of High Energy Physics. Along with a brief introduction of the Horizon and Flatness problems of standard cosmology, this lecture concentrates on personal reminiscing of the notions and ideas that prevailed and influenced the author's thinking at the time. The lecture then touches upon some more recent developments related to the subject including exact solutions to conformal gravity that provide a first principles emergence of a characteristic acceleration in the universe and concludes with some personal views concerning the direction that the cosmology field has taken in the past couple of decades and certain speculations some notions that may indicate future directions of research.

  3. Person-centred reflective practice.

    PubMed

    Devenny, Bob; Duffy, Kathleen

    Person-centred health and person-centred care have gained prominence across the UK following the publication of reports on public inquiries exploring failings in care. Self-awareness and participation in reflective practice are recognised as vital to supporting the person-centred agenda. This article presents an education framework for reflective practice, developed and used in one NHS board in Scotland, and based on the tenets of the clinical pastoral education movement. Providing an insight into the usefulness of a spiritual component in the reflective process, the framework provides an opportunity for nurses and other healthcare professionals to examine the spiritual dimensions of patient encounters, their own values and beliefs, and the effect these may have on their practice. PMID:24617403

  4. Narcissistic personality disorder in childhood.

    PubMed

    Kernberg, P F

    1989-09-01

    Narcissistic personality disorders can be identified in childhood and adolescence using the same diagnostic criteria as for adults. There are, however, additional descriptive characteristics specific to children: in particular, quality of friendships, quality of performance in school, gaze aversion, pathologic play, and separation anxiety. Various developmental pathways may present a special risk for the formation of narcissistic personality disorder: having narcissistic parents, being adopted, being abused, being overindulged, having divorced parents, or losing a parent through death. The diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder has important implications for treatment. The goals of treatment (in intensive psychoanalytic psychotherapy) are to work on the grandiose self, the pathologic defense mechanisms that interfere with development, and interactions with parents and peers. Concomitant parent counseling or family therapy is strongly recommended to work on the maladaptive narcissistic defenses operating at the family level, which help to maintain the disorder. PMID:2798202

  5. Shame regulation in personality pathology.

    PubMed

    Schoenleber, Michelle; Berenbaum, Howard

    2012-05-01

    Drawing on extant work on shame and emotion regulation, this article proposes that three broad forms of maladaptive shame regulation strategies are fundamental in much of personality pathology: Prevention (e.g., dependence, fantasy), used preemptively, lessens potential for shame; Escape (e.g., social withdrawal, misdirection) reduces current or imminent shame; Aggression, used after shame begins, refocuses shame into anger directed at the self (e.g., physical self-harm) or others (e.g., verbal aggression). This article focuses on the contributions of shame regulation to the development and maintenance of personality pathology, highlighting how various maladaptive shame regulation strategies may lead to personality pathology symptoms, associated features, and dimensions. Consideration is also given to the possible shame-related constructs necessitating emotion regulation (e.g., shame aversion and proneness) and the points in the emotion process when regulation can occur. PMID:21895346

  6. Trait Emotional Intelligence and Personality

    PubMed Central

    Furnham, Adrian; Petrides, K. V.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated if the linkages between trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) and the Five-Factor Model of personality were invariant between men and women. Five English-speaking samples (N = 307-685) of mostly undergraduate students each completed a different measure of the Big Five personality traits and either the full form or short form of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue). Across samples, models predicting global TEIQue scores from the Big Five were invariant between genders, with Neuroticism and Extraversion being the strongest trait EI correlates, followed by Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Openness. However, there was some evidence indicating that the gender-specific contributions of the Big Five to trait EI vary depending on the personality measure used, being more consistent for women. Discussion focuses on the validity of the TEIQue as a measure of trait EI and its psychometric properties, more generally.

  7. Electronics Lab

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Web site offers a one-stop shop for electronic projects with images, circuits with full descriptions, schematics and diagrams for printed circuit boards (PCBs), integrated circuits, and homemade electronic devices. This site supports an active electronics hobbyist community with free electronics articles, a blog, tutorials, question and answer area, design tips and hints, and an online electronics market with no registration required that allows people to buy and sell electronic parts and devices. This is a good site to search while the old soldering iron is heating up for electronics components, testing equipment, electronic kits, and detailed schematics and diagrams for almost any kind of electronic project including: amplifier, audio and noise, MIDI, counter, radio, simulators, sensors, measurement, temperature detectors, timing and timers, and video.

  8. Integrated Personal Mobility Architecture: A Complete Personal Mobility Solution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Binh Thai; Rachel Wan; Aruna Seneviratne; Thierry Rakotoarivelo

    2003-01-01

    The high expectations and demand for users to access the Internet from anywhere at anytime has made user mobility an important part of the design and development of the next generation mobile communications and computing. Traditionally user mobility has been divided into two areas: Terminal Mobility and Personal Mobility. In recent years terminal mobility has focused on the movement of

  9. Personality Dynamics: Insights From the Personality Social Cognitive Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael D. Robinson; Kathryn H. Gordon

    2011-01-01

    Psychodynamic and social cognitive approaches to personality assessment converge now more so than at any time in the history of experimental psychology. This contribution seeks to make this point. First, the trait of neuroticism predisposes one to multiple adverse outcomes, a point not sufficiently captured by the current version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.

  10. The Personalization(s) of Politics: Israel, 1949–2003

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gideon Rahat; Tamir Sheafer

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in interest in the personalization of politics. Unfortunately, the findings of studies carried out in different countries have led to inconsistent conclusions. This article argues that one of the reasons for this inconsistency is the lack of uniform conceptualization and operational definitions. The authors contend that it is helpful to make a

  11. Personal identity, multiple personality disorder, and moral personhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve Matthews

    1998-01-01

    Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi?memory (and other quasi?psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this

  12. 12 CFR 205.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  13. 12 CFR 205.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  14. 12 CFR 1005.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  15. 12 CFR 1005.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  16. 12 CFR 1005.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  17. 12 CFR 205.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  18. 12 CFR 205.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  19. 12 CFR 205.14 - Electronic fund transfer service provider not holding consumer's account.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... A person that provides an electronic fund transfer service to...1) and (2), from two business days to four business days after the consumer learns...and this part with respect to electronic fund transfers initiated...

  20. 19 CFR 4.7b - Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...4.7b Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...vessel being used to transport persons or property...which is being used to transport only passengers and/or...

  1. 19 CFR 4.7b - Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... false Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...4.7b Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...vessel being used to transport persons or property...which is being used to transport only passengers and/or...

  2. 19 CFR 4.7b - Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... false Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...4.7b Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...vessel being used to transport persons or property...which is being used to transport only passengers and/or...

  3. 19 CFR 4.7b - Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... false Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...4.7b Electronic passenger and crew arrival manifests...vessel being used to transport persons or property...which is being used to transport only passengers and/or...

  4. Service with personality: a note on generalizing personality across services contexts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Spielmann; Barry J. Babin

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to address the generalizability of the services personality concept and to propose a way of operationalizing personality across service contexts, not just retail\\/services brands. Interpersonal services seem especially relevant for analyzing using the personality concept because of the importance of human interaction within these contexts and because personality itself is socially molded. The personality-based image

  5. Violence and Personality in Forensic Patients: Is There a Forensic Patient-Specific Personality Profile?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stupperich, Alexandra; Ihm, Helga; Strack, Micha

    2009-01-01

    Concerning the discussion about the connection of personality traits, personality disorders, and mental illness, this study focused on the personality profiles of male forensic patients, prison inmates, and young men without criminal reports. The main topic centered on group-specific personality profiles and identifying personality facets…

  6. Dimensional models of personality disorder

    PubMed Central

    WIDIGER, THOMAS A

    2007-01-01

    There is little doubt that someday the classification of personality disorder will be dimensional. The failures of the categorical model are so many and are so well established that it is difficult to imagine that this model will ultimately survive. This paper provides a brief discussion of the major alternative proposals for a dimensional classification of personality disorder. It is possible that the authors of a future edition of a psychiatric diagnostic manual will simply choose one of these alternative proposals. However, the ideal solution might be to develop a common, integrative representation including the important contributions of each of the models. PMID:18235857

  7. Family Living and Personal Living

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Schultz

    2007-11-05

    Find links for various projects for Family Living and Personal Living classes. FAMILY LIVING Wayne County Clerk - Marriage License The Knot Martha Stewart Weddings *Travel Planning Sites* Northwest Airlines Amtrak Travelocity Spirit Air Orbitz PERSONAL LIVING (and Parenting): *Alcohol Research* Alcohol and Public Health - CDC MedlinePlus: Alcoholism NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism *Birth Control* Health and Wellness Resource Center - - start at this site by typing Birth Control in the search bar on the right of the screen and select "full text articles" and consumer heatlh. It will list a range of birth ...

  8. Bioinformatics challenges for personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    Fernald, Guy Haskin; Capriotti, Emidio; Daneshjou, Roxana; Karczewski, Konrad J.; Altman, Russ B.

    2011-01-01

    Motivation: Widespread availability of low-cost, full genome sequencing will introduce new challenges for bioinformatics. Results: This review outlines recent developments in sequencing technologies and genome analysis methods for application in personalized medicine. New methods are needed in four areas to realize the potential of personalized medicine: (i) processing large-scale robust genomic data; (ii) interpreting the functional effect and the impact of genomic variation; (iii) integrating systems data to relate complex genetic interactions with phenotypes; and (iv) translating these discoveries into medical practice. Contact: russ.altman@stanford.edu Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:21596790

  9. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDOOR, OUTDOOR, AND PERSONAL SAMPLES COLLECTED IN AND AROUND A RETIREMENT FACILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residential, personal, indoor, and outdoor sampling of particulate matter was conducted at a retirement center in the Towson area of northern Baltimore County in 1998. Concurrent sampling was conducted at a central community site. Computer-controlled scanning electron microsco...

  10. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF OUTDOOR, INDOOR, AND PERSONAL PARTICULATE AIR SAMPLES COLLECTED IN AND AROUND A RETIREMENT FACILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residential, personal, indoor, and outdoor sampling of particulate matter was conducted at a retirement center in the Towson area of northern Baltimore County in 1998. Concurrent sampling was conducted at a central community site. Computer-controlled scanning electron microsco...

  11. Family physicians’ perspectives on personal health records

    PubMed Central

    Yau, Gary L.; Williams, Andrew S.; Brown, Judith Belle

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Objective To explore FPs’ perspectives on the value of personal health records (PHRs) in primary care and the implementation and adoption of PHRs in Canada. Design A qualitative design using semistructured interviews. Setting Southwestern Ontario. Participants Ten FPs. Methods The 10 FPs participated in semistructured interviews, which were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. An iterative approach using immersion and crystallization was employed for analysis. Main findings Participants were generally positive about PHRs, and were attracted to their portability and potential to engage patients in health care. Their concerns focused on 3 main themes: data management, practice management, and the patient-physician relationship. Subthemes included security, privacy, reliability of data, workload, remuneration, physician obligations, patient misinterpretation of medical information, and electronic communication displacing face-to-face visits. Participants identified 3 key facilitators for adoption of PHR systems: integration with existing electronic health record systems, ease of use without being a burden on either time or money, and offering a demonstrated added value to family practice. Conclusion This study replicates previously published literature about FP concerns and opinions, and it further identifies remuneration as a potential barrier in Canadian fee-for-service payment models. Participants identified 3 key facilitators, which were suggested for implementation and adoption of PHRs, providing a basis for future research and development of these systems for use in Canadian family practice. PMID:21642732

  12. Electron Microscopy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beer, Michael

    1980-01-01

    Reviews technical aspects of structure determination in biological electron microscopy (EM). Discusses low dose EM, low temperature microscopy, electron energy loss spectra, determination of mass or molecular weight, and EM of labeled systems. Cites 34 references. (CS)

  13. Substance Use Disorders and Borderline Personality

    PubMed Central

    Sansone, Lori A.

    2011-01-01

    According to the empirical literature, substance use disorders are commonly comorbid with a number of psychiatric disorders, including the personality disorders and especially borderline personality disorder. With regard to borderline personality disorder, eight studies of varying sample types (e.g., inpatient, outpatient, community) indicate prevalence rates of substance use disorders from 14 percent (current rate) to 72 percent (lifetime rate). As expected, lifetime prevalence rates of substance use disorders in borderline personality disorder exceed current and 12-month rates. In addition, in clinical samples, men with borderline personality disorder outnumber women with borderline personality disorder with regard to the presence of comorbid substance use disorders. According to the meager available literature, there is also a relationship between prescription substance abuse and borderline personality disorder. However, this relationship deviates from traditional findings with general substance abuse in that rates for women with borderline personality disorder equal rates for men with borderline personality disorder. PMID:22010059

  14. Personality Correlates of Conceptual Tempo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bomba, Anne K.; And Others

    Temperament characteristics of 63 4- and 5-year-olds were assessed for the purpose of investigating the relationship between classifications of conceptual tempo and underlying personality factors. Subjects were classified as impulsive, reflective, fast accurate, and slow accurate on the basis of performance on Form A of Wright's (1971) Kansas…

  15. Was Adam a Real Person?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamoureux, Denis O.

    2011-01-01

    Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

  16. Personal Space of Incarcerated Offenders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormith, J. S.

    1984-01-01

    Administered the proxemic test and a psychometric test battery to 49 incarcerated offenders on two occasions, with a three-year follow-up. The Behind distance was largest on both occasions. There were no changes in the four distance measures over time. An algebraic formula was devised to calculate personal space area. (JAC)

  17. On Grandiosity in Personality Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdams, Dan P.

    2007-01-01

    Responds to the comments by A. Wood and S. Joseph (see record 2006-23492-015); S. R. Maddi (see record 2006-23492-016); and S. Epstein (see record 2006-23492-017) on the current author's original article (see record 2006-03947-002) "A New Big Five: Fundamental Principles for an Integrative Science of Personality" (McAdams & Pals, April 2006).…

  18. Arthur: A Personalized Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Juan E.; Han, C. Y.

    2002-01-01

    Examined whether there was a significant difference in learner outcomes from the use of Arthur (Gilbert & Han, 1999), a computer-based adaptive instructional system that provides personalized instruction to each learner. Found that Arthur does provide a significant difference in learner outcomes. (EV)

  19. Personalized Education in Southside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Robert L.

    1970-01-01

    This article is based on remarks presented at the annual convention of the National Society for Programmed Instruction, Sheraton Park Hotel, Wash., D.C., Apr 10, 1969. Urges personalized (not just individualized) instruction, in which relevancy is achieved by having the students themselves participate in decision making and daily programming. (MH)

  20. Personality, Delinquency, and Criminal Recidivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Dam, Coleta; De Bruyn, Eric E. J.; Janssens, Jan M. A. M.

    2007-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between PEN profiles, delinquency, and recidivism in young offenders. According to Eysenck, personality is based on three basic Dimensions: Psychoticism, Extraversion, and Neuroticism (PEN-model). Eysenck states that delinquents score high on all three dimensions. A group of young male offenders in a juvenile…

  1. Distance Education: The Personal Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweet, Robert

    Personal contacts students have with their tutors through the telephone tutoring system established at the Open Learning Institute, British Columbia, Canada, were investigated with completing and noncompleting students. Attention was directed to the frequency of contact with tutors and supportive behaviors tutors extend. For the 118 students, the…

  2. Ten Years of Personalized Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Fred S.

    1974-01-01

    This history of personalized instruction (PSI) from its inception at the University of Brasilia in a course on behavior analysis to its broadening use by other disciplines, educational levels, and countries also describes research efforts, sources of support, and variations on the theme of unitized learning. (JH)

  3. Personal Cloud Computing Security Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang-Ho Na; Jun-Young Park; Eui-nam Huh

    2010-01-01

    Cloud computing is an evolving term these days. It describes the advance of many existing IT technologies and separates application and information resources from the underlying infrastructure. Personal Cloud is the hybrid deployment model that is combined private cloud and public cloud. By and large, cloud orchestration does not exist today. Current cloud service is provided by web browser or

  4. Consumer Education for Disabled Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nemeth, Cheryl; Del Rogers, James

    The curriculum provides consumer information on five topics to increase independence and effectiveness of physically disabled (PD) persons in the marketplace. Noted is development of the curriculum as part of a 3 stage county educational program in San Diego, California, including incorporation of findings from a needs assessment survey of PD and…

  5. Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eyman, James R.; Eyman, Susanne Kohn

    1991-01-01

    Reviews the relevant research related to using the Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in the assessment of suicidality. Uses a case illustration to show how a battery of psychological tests can be used to identify characteristics that make an individual vulnerable to suicidal…

  6. Stuart Gatehouse: A Personal Appreciation

    PubMed Central

    Haggard, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Stuart Gatehouse worked in the MRC Institute of Hearing Research Scottish Section for 29 years until his untimely death in 2007. The former director records a personal appreciation but also an explanation, for those who did not know him well, of the mixture of qualities that made him an outstanding applied scientist. PMID:18567588

  7. Curriculum Vitae Format PERSONAL DATA

    E-print Network

    Niebur, Ernst

    Curriculum Vitae Format Part I PERSONAL DATA Name Office address, phone #, fax #, email Home) Proposal Review Activities External to School of Nursing Internal to School of Nursing Major resources, # of registered students for the past ten years). For clinical teaching, state the course title and size

  8. Personal sampler for nitrogen dioxide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. D. PALMES; A. F. GUNNISON; J. DiMATTIO; C. TOMCZYK

    1976-01-01

    A new type of personal sampler for gases in air, originally reported from this laboratory, has been adapted to measurement of NO2. The sampler depends on the transfer of NO2 by diffusion to a triethanolamine coated collector at the sealed end of a tube; the open end of the tube is exposed to the test environment. The devices are accurate,

  9. Personal Journey Motivation and Methods

    E-print Network

    Needell, Deanna

    and Methods Imaging New Results So I went to college at the University of Nevada and majored in Veterinary and Methods Imaging New Results After finally graduating, I entered the PhD program at UC Davis to studyPersonal Journey Motivation and Methods Imaging New Results Less is More: Robust image recovery via

  10. Author's personal copy Short Paper

    E-print Network

    Nekola, Jeffrey C.

    Author's personal copy Short Paper Radiocarbon ages of terrestrial gastropods extend duration Creeks Bølling­Allerød Gastropods Radiocarbon Laurentide Ice Sheet Analysis of terrestrial gastropods by lacustrine and glacial de- posits (Fig. 1; Black, 1970). Previous 14 C dating and counting of growth rings

  11. Mark A. Burgman Personal Details

    E-print Network

    Burgman, Mark

    1 Resume Mark A. Burgman Personal Details Address: School of Botany The University of Melbourne of Botany, University of Melbourne. 2002 ­ present Professor, School of Botany, University of Melbourne Professor and Reader, School of Botany, University of Melbourne. 1995 ­ 1999 Coordinator of Environmental

  12. Eleven Interpretations of Personal Suffering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foley, Daniel P.

    This document defines suffering as the affective aspect of the pain experience while the cognitive aspect of the pain experience is the sensation of pain. It considers personal suffering, which mean's one's own suffering, and not the suffering of other people. It notes that a particular interpretation of suffering may be formulated in any number…

  13. Author's personal copy Coral Reefs

    E-print Network

    Burkepile, Deron

    Author's personal copy Coral Reefs D E Burkepile and M E Hay, Georgia Institute of Technology Ecological Interactions on Coral Reefs Replenishment of Coral Reefs: The Role of Reproduction and Recruitment in the Ecology of Reefs Landscape Ecology of Coral Reefs: Connections of Coral Reefs to Mangrove and Seagrass

  14. Personal renewal for professional growth.

    PubMed

    O'Malley, S

    1998-07-01

    When healthcare professionals burn out, they put themselves and their organizations at risk. The solution, career specialists say, begins with looking closely at conflicts between personal and professional values. Ultimately it might lead to further education, a career change or finding a way to spend more time in one's area of expertise. PMID:10182816

  15. Personality correlates of driver stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald Matthews; Lisa Dorn; A. Ian Glendon

    1991-01-01

    Summary-This paper reports four studies of personality and mood correlates of a validated questionnaire measure of predisposition to driver stress, the Driving Behaviour Inventory (DBI: Gulian, Matthews, Glendon, Davies & Debney, 1989a; Ergonomics, 32.585-602). The DBI measures a general factor of driver stress, plus five more specific dimensions. Study I (N = 159) found that general driver stress was positively

  16. Madan Babu Mohan Personal Details

    E-print Network

    Babu, M. Madan

    University, Center for Biotechnology, Chennai, India B. Tech Industrial Biotechnology Indian Institute5th May 2005 1 Madan Babu Mohan Personal Details Address: National Center for Biotechnology for Biotechnology, Chennai, India Research project (after college hours) Supervised by: Prof. K. Sankaran "Evolution

  17. Subcultural Influences on Person Perception

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Asia; Waggoner, Ashley S.

    2010-01-01

    Cognition offers a natural setting for the intersection of the research interests of both sociologists and psychologists. The study of cultural influences on automatic processing highlights the shared interests of social psychologists from both disciplines. In particular, the examination of subcultural differences in person perception is a…

  18. Putting Persons Back into Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pring, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Both the language of performance management and the target-setting culture of our schools lead to a "depersonalisation" of education--a failure to respect young learners as persons. They become a "means" to some further non-educational "end". John Macmurray challenged this depersonalisation in terms not only of its impoverished educational…

  19. Dynamics of personality organization. II

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. Maslow

    1943-01-01

    Within the personality syndrome we find hierarchies of importance, and clusterings rather than homogeneity. This makes it possible to classify within the syndrome. The following analogies are suggested as aids in a holistic technique of classification: levels of magnification in which parts are seen in relation to the whole, concept of syndrome concentration in which correlational data may be used,

  20. PERSONAL MONITOR FOR NITROGEN DIOXIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    An attempt was made to develop a personal monitor to measure nitrogen dioxide. Sampling of nitrogen dioxide is accomplished by permeation through a silicone membrane into a alkaline thymol blue solution. The nitrogen dioxide is converted to nitrite and is then quantitated by colo...

  1. Authoritarian Personalities, 1950-1973

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitten, Norman E.

    1976-01-01

    American college graduates of the post Kent State era are compared with those of the post Hitler era as to authoritarian type personality. A short rating scale, which is included in the article, administered to graduates in 1950 was again administered to graduates of the same college in 1973. The 1973 group was less authoritarian than the 1950…

  2. Madison Model for Personal Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portland Public Schools, OR.

    A unit plan for a course in consumer education, required for graduation from the Portland, Oregon, public schools, is presented in the document. The course, called Personal Finance, covers two semesters and involves instructors in mathematics, social studies, and home economics. The course covers 10 subject areas: (1) money management; (2)…

  3. Interoperability in Personalized Adaptive Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aroyo, Lora; Dolog, Peter; Houben, Geert-Jan; Kravcik, Milos; Naeve, Ambjorn; Nilsson, Mikael; Wild, Fridolin

    2006-01-01

    Personalized adaptive learning requires semantic-based and context-aware systems to manage the Web knowledge efficiently as well as to achieve semantic interoperability between heterogeneous information resources and services. The technological and conceptual differences can be bridged either by means of standards or via approaches based on the…

  4. Personal and Family Stress Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Patricia Tanner; Nelson, Carl William

    1981-01-01

    Reviews selected research on personal and family stress and outlines some of the most effective strategies for stress management. Topics include effective management strategies for individuals, families under stress, stress pile-ups, conflicting role expectations, and effective coping strategies for families. (CT)

  5. PERSPECTIVE Personal genome sequencing: current

    E-print Network

    Gerstein, Mark

    of this information for discovery and medicine is enormous. Fourteen genome sequences have been reported to datePERSPECTIVE Personal genome sequencing: current approaches and challenges Michael Snyder,1,5 Jiang Du,2 and Mark Gerstein2,3,4 1 Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine

  6. Gun Concerns Personal for Duncan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2013-01-01

    As U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan works with other Obama administration officials on policy responses to the shootings at a Connecticut elementary school, he brings a personal and professional history that has acquainted him with the impact of gun violence. As schools chief in Chicago from 2001 to 2008, he was affected by the gun deaths…

  7. Ruminations on narcissistic personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Trull, Timothy J

    2014-04-01

    Comments on the original article by Paris (see record 2012-18549-001) which provides an interesting and provocative overview of the diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). In this commentary, the author focuses on several assessment issues for narcissism, as well as NPD in particular. PMID:24796569

  8. Turn the Tide: Personal Steps

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site features nine personal actions to protect the environment, complete with calculators that tally and track our individual and collective impact immediately, plus advocacy to move communities, businesses, and governments to change the way goods are produced and consumed. In order to use the calculators users must fill out a free registration.

  9. Studies of Astrology and Personality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, I.W.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews the behavioral evidence of the possible relationship between the movements of the planets and personality variables. Concludes that astrology is a science consisting primarily of false data claims and much further research is required before any supported conclusions can be reached. (Author)

  10. Curriculum Vitae 1 Personal details

    E-print Network

    Litvak, Nelly

    Curriculum Vitae 1 Personal details Dr. Nelly V. Litvak Date and place of birth: 27 chains and their applications in complex random net- works. Research topics: · Markov models for node.A. Fedotkin Dissertation: Adaptive Control of Conflict Flows Doctorate Eindhoven University of Technology 22

  11. Personality Mediators of Interpersonal Attraction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Charles D.; And Others

    The current study was an examination of the effect of personality variables on the relationship between attitude disagreement and attraction. Attraction was measured in a neutral situation, designed to maximize any existing affective predispositions toward attitude agreement-disagreements. Subjects were placed in an ambiguous face-to-face…

  12. HRTF personalization using anthropometric measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dniitry N. Zotkin; Jane Hwang; R. Duraiswaini; Larry S. Davis

    2003-01-01

    Individualized head related transfer functions (HRTFs) are needed for accurate rendering of spatial audio, which is important in many applications. Since these are relatively tedious to acquire, they may not be acceptable for some applications. A number of studies have sought to perform simple customization of the HRTF. We propose and test a strategy for HRTF personalization, based on matching

  13. Personal Experiences and Professional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgii-Hemming, Eva

    2006-01-01

    This article is based on empirical research carried out in Sweden during the years 2000 and 2004. The study concerns five music teachers who teach at upper secondary school and the main aim was to acquire an understanding of the teachers' views of the core subject Music. A further aim was to describe the five teachers' personal experiences of…

  14. A Personal Problem Solving Inventory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heppner, P. Paul; Petersen, Chris H.

    Few studies have explicitly attended to the personal problem-solving process within the counseling literature, perhaps due in part to the dearth of relevant assessment instruments. To examine the dimensions underlying the applied problem-solving process, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted using data collected from four samples of college…

  15. Web mining for web personalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Magdalini Eirinaki; Michalis Vazirgiannis

    2003-01-01

    Web personalization is the process of customizing a Web site to the needs of specific users, taking advantage of the knowledge acquired from the analysis of the user's navigational behavior (usage data) in correlation with other information collected in the Web context, namely, structure, content, and user profile data. Due to the explosive growth of the Web, the domain of

  16. Aquatics and Persons with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilling, Mary Lou

    1993-01-01

    This bulletin shares information regarding adaptive equipment, recommended interventions, precautions, and fun activities related to aquatic activities and exercise for persons with handicapping conditions. The bulletin begins with a list of 13 safety precautions and then describes instructional aids, adaptive aids, fitness-oriented devices, and…

  17. Gender Patterns in Borderline Personality Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Sansone, Lori A.

    2011-01-01

    Gender differences in patients with borderline personality disorder are potentially relevant because they may guide clinicians in assessment and treatment. To date, a number of clinical features in borderline personality disorder have been examined for gender differences. As for prevalence, earlier research concluded that a higher proportion of women than men suffer from borderline personality disorder, although more recent research has determined no differences in prevalence by gender. In addition, there may not be gender differences in borderline personality disorder with respect to specific types of self-harm behavior, such as self-cutting or levels of psychological distress at clinical presentation. However, current evidence indicates that there are notable gender differences in borderline personality disorder with regard to personality traits, Axis I and II comorbidity, and treatment utilization. With regard to personality traits, men with borderline personality disorder are more likely to demonstrate an explosive temperament and higher levels of novelty seeking than women with borderline personality disorder. As for Axis I comorbidity, men with borderline personality disorder are more likely to evidence substance use disorders whereas women with borderline personality disorder are more likely to evidence eating, mood, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorders. With regard to Axis II comorbidity, men with borderline personality disorder are more likely than women to evidence antisocial personality disorder. Finally, in terms of treatment utilization, men with borderline personality disorder are more likely to have treatment histories relating to substance abuse whereas women are more likely to have treatment histories characterized by more pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. PMID:21686143

  18. Electronics Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prickett, Charlotte

    This document presents results of research conducted by industry representatives regarding tasks performed by electronic technicians and line manufacturing electro-mechanical technicians in Arizona electronics industries. Based on this research, a competency-based curriculum was developed for training entry-level electronics technicians. Twelve…

  19. Personal genomics services: whose genomes?

    PubMed Central

    Gurwitz, David; Bregman-Eschet, Yael

    2009-01-01

    New companies offering personal whole-genome information services over the internet are dynamic and highly visible players in the personal genomics field. For fees currently ranging from US$399 to US$2500 and a vial of saliva, individuals can now purchase online access to their individual genetic information regarding susceptibility to a range of chronic diseases and phenotypic traits based on a genome-wide SNP scan. Most of the companies offering such services are based in the United States, but their clients may come from nearly anywhere in the world. Although the scientific validity, clinical utility and potential future implications of such services are being hotly debated, several ethical and regulatory questions related to direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing strategies of genetic tests have not yet received sufficient attention. For example, how can we minimize the risk of unauthorized third parties from submitting other people's DNA for testing? Another pressing question concerns the ownership of (genotypic and phenotypic) information, as well as the unclear legal status of customers regarding their own personal information. Current legislation in the US and Europe falls short of providing clear answers to these questions. Until the regulation of personal genomics services catches up with the technology, we call upon commercial providers to self-regulate and coordinate their activities to minimize potential risks to individual privacy. We also point out some specific steps, along the trustee model, that providers of DTC personal genomics services as well as regulators and policy makers could consider for addressing some of the concerns raised below. PMID:19259127

  20. Personal genomics services: whose genomes?

    PubMed

    Gurwitz, David; Bregman-Eschet, Yael

    2009-07-01

    New companies offering personal whole-genome information services over the internet are dynamic and highly visible players in the personal genomics field. For fees currently ranging from US$399 to US$2500 and a vial of saliva, individuals can now purchase online access to their individual genetic information regarding susceptibility to a range of chronic diseases and phenotypic traits based on a genome-wide SNP scan. Most of the companies offering such services are based in the United States, but their clients may come from nearly anywhere in the world. Although the scientific validity, clinical utility and potential future implications of such services are being hotly debated, several ethical and regulatory questions related to direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing strategies of genetic tests have not yet received sufficient attention. For example, how can we minimize the risk of unauthorized third parties from submitting other people's DNA for testing? Another pressing question concerns the ownership of (genotypic and phenotypic) information, as well as the unclear legal status of customers regarding their own personal information. Current legislation in the US and Europe falls short of providing clear answers to these questions. Until the regulation of personal genomics services catches up with the technology, we call upon commercial providers to self-regulate and coordinate their activities to minimize potential risks to individual privacy. We also point out some specific steps, along the trustee model, that providers of DTC personal genomics services as well as regulators and policy makers could consider for addressing some of the concerns raised below. PMID:19259127