Sample records for electronic personal dosemeters

  1. Operational experience of electronic active personal dosemeter and comparison with CaSo4:Dy TL dosemeter in Indian PHWR.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vishwanath P; Managanvi, S S; Bihari, R R; Bhat, H R

    2013-01-01

    Direct reading dosemeter has been used for day-to-day radiation exposure control and management for last four decades in Indian nuclear power plants (NPPs). Recently new real time, alarm and pre-alarm on equivalent dose/dose rate, storage of dose/dose rate and maximum dose rate, user-friendly electronic active personal dosemeter (APD) has been implemented into practice for the first time at Kaiga Atomic Power Station-3&4,  of Indian NPPs. The dosemeter showed tolerance level (L) 0.1085±0.0450 compared with 0.1869±0.0729 (average±SD) for CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter, having narrow range trumpet curve, nil electromagnetic interference. Records of >29 000 for APD and TL dosemeter were analysed for comparasion of the measurement of the individual dose. APD followed general acceptance rule of ±25 % for dose >1 mSv. Monthly Station collective dose by TL dosemeters and APD for normal reactor operation as well as outage are found in good agreement. Operational experiences and statistical analysis support that an APD dosemeter is reasonably equivalent to CaSO4:Dy TL dosemeter. The accuracy, reproducibility and repeatability of the measurement of radiation for (137)Cs are comparable with CaSO4:Dy, TL dosemeter. Operational experience of APD during the normal operation as well as outage showed as one of the best ALARA tool for occupational dose monitoring, control, management and future outage planning. PMID:23528326

  2. Official dosimetry with personal electronic dosemeters--the framework in Germany.

    PubMed

    Czarwinski, R; Kaulard, J; Pfeffer, W

    2007-01-01

    In Germany, personal electronic dosemeters (AEPDs) are presently applied mainly for operational radiation protection monitoring particularly in nuclear power engineering companies, large hospitals and research centres. This is done in addition to the official dosimetry of record. Therefore, frequently, double monitoring occurs-officially and operationally. A crucial advantage of AEPDs compared with passive dosemeters is the ability to adapt the monitoring period to the working time in controlled areas and to allow an immediate readout of the dose after leaving the controlled area, e.g. a job-related monitoring is possible by correlating the readout dose with the job performed. Germany started a general research project, consisting of two parts, for an optimised implementation of personal electronic dosemeters into official dosimetry. The use of AEPDs as official dosemeters depends on an approval by Federal and Federal State ('Länder') authorities as an official dosimetry system, which has to comply with special requirements ensuring that the legal requirements are fulfilled. The formulation of these special requirements is in the focus of part one of the research project, supervised by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) and performed by the Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH. As a result of part one, a framework was developed which is the basis for a future technical implementation project. Part one is described in the paper, while part two is still to be initiated and will deal with the implementation and testing phase of the introduction of personal electronic dosemeters as official dosemeters. PMID:16987912

  3. Electronics Personal Dosemeter (EPD-N) Test and Evaluation Report

    SciTech Connect

    Shourbaji, A.A.

    2003-04-08

    Three electronic personal dosimeters (EPD-N) manufactured by Siemens, serial numbers 0635, 0658, and 0683, were tested at the Radiation Calibration Laboratory for an evaluation of their response to neutron, gamma and x-ray radiation. Designed to provide real-time neutron and photon dosimetry, the EPD-N is capable of estimating and displaying neutron and gamma dose components separately for a range of energies from 50 keV to 7 MeV for photon and 0.025 eV to > 10 MeV for neutron. All tests were conducted using the factory calibrations. A technical representative of the manufacturer indicated that site-specific calibrations are required as factory settings are calibrated for the lowest neutron energy limit of 0.025 eV. This raises concerns about the reliability of these devices in measuring neutrons when calibrations are made for a specific site radiological characterization then used at another site.

  4. Personal photon dosemeter trial--Devonport Royal Dockyard.

    PubMed

    Collison, Roger

    2005-03-01

    To establish an understanding of the operational responses of various personal dosemeters employed at Devonport and to assess new types of dosemeters, a photon dosemeter trial was conducted. Most day-to-day exposure is to relatively low dose rates. Therefore the suitability of each dosemeter for use within the relatively low Devonport dose rate environment has been assessed. The Panasonic TLD demonstrated a good representation of the dose within the medium to higher gamma energy ranges with an unexpected under-response at lower energies. The optically stimulated luminescent dosemeter showed a varied response within a degraded (60)Co environment. With consistent under-response, the NRPB TLD and film badge were found to generally be unsuitable for sites such as Devonport. The Harshaw TLD demonstrated a good representation of the dose. The RADOS RAD80 and QFD fail to meet current best industry standards. However, the QFD is the only direct reading dosemeter suitable for use where intrinsically safe equipment is required. The RADOS RAD52 and SAIC PD 2i show a reasonable representation of the dose received but should be adjusted to read within an operational (60)Co environment. Direct ion storage and Thermo [corrected] electronic personal dosemeters showed good representations of the dose. Inherent characteristics combined with the associated systems led to the conclusion that these dosemeters should be employed for preference. PMID:15798276

  5. Performance of the electronic personal dosemeter for neutron 'Saphydose-N' at different workplaces of nuclear facilities.

    PubMed

    Lahaye, T; Chau, Q; Ménard, S; Lacoste, V; Muller, H; Luszik-Bhadra, M; Reginatto, M; Bruguier, P

    2006-01-01

    This paper mainly aims at presenting the measurements and the results obtained with the electronic personal neutron dosemeter Saphydose-N at different facilities. Three campaigns were led in the frame of the European contract EVIDOS ('Evaluation of Individual Dosimetry in Mixed Neutron and Photon Radiation Fields'). The first one consisted in the measurements at the IRSN French research laboratory in reference neutron fields generated by a thermal facility (SIGMA), radionuclide ISO sources ((241)AmBe; (252)Cf; (252)Cf(D(2)O)\\Cd) and a realistic spectrum (CANEL/T400). The second one was performed at the Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant (Germany) close to the boiling water reactor and to a spent fuel transport cask. The third one was realised at Mol (Belgium), at the VENUS Research Reactor and at Belgonucléaire, a fuel processing factory. PMID:16820401

  6. Photon energy dependence of three fortuitous dosemeters from personal electronic devices, measured by optically stimulated luminescence.

    PubMed

    Beerten, Koen; Vanhavere, Filip

    2010-08-01

    New data are presented with regard to the relative OSL sensitivity of three different emergency dosemeters irradiated to various photon energies approximately between 48 and 1250 keV using blue excitation light. Investigated components extracted from commonly worn objects include those from USB flash drives (alumina substrate), mobile phones (Ba-rich silicate) and credit cards (chip card module). Several basic properties have been investigated such as the overall radiation sensitivity, the shape of the decay curve and fading of the OSL signal. An increase of the sensitivity for low energies relative to (60)Co gamma rays can be observed for the three dosemeters, the increase being very pronounced for the Ba-rich component (factor of 10) and less pronounced for the chip card module (factor of 2). It is concluded that proper dose correction factors for photon energy have to be applied in order to accurately determine the absorbed dose to tissue. The OSL sensitivity to neutron irradiation was investigated as well, but this was found to be less than the gamma sensitivity. PMID:20304766

  7. A method for evaluating personal dosemeters in workplace with neutron fields.

    PubMed

    de Freitas Nascimento, Luana; Cauwels, Vanessa; Vanhavere, Filip

    2012-04-01

    Passive detectors, as albedo or track-etch, still dominate the field of neutron personal dosimetry, mainly due to their low-cost, high-reliability and elevated throughput. However, the recent appearance in the market of electronic personal dosemeters for neutrons presents a new option for personal dosimetry. In addition to passive detectors, electronic personal dosemeters necessitate correction factors, concerning their energy and angular response dependencies. This paper reports on the results of a method to evaluate personal dosemeters for workplace where neutrons are present. The approach here uses few instruments and does not necessitate a large mathematical workload. Qualitative information on the neutron energy spectrum is acquired using a simple spectrometer (Nprobe), reference values for H*(10) are derived from measurements with ambient detectors (Studsvik, Berthold and Harwell) and angular information is measured using personal dosemeters (electronic and bubbles dosemeters) disposed in different orientations on a slab phantom. PMID:21565843

  8. Establishing local workplace field correction factors for neutron personal dosemeters.

    PubMed

    Vanhavere, Filip; Cauwels, Vanessa

    2014-10-01

    The present personal neutron dosemeters still need local correction factors to be able to provide accuracy comparable with photon dosemeters. Characterisation of the local neutron field is an indispensable part of neutron dosimetry to obtain such correction factors. It is often overlooked that besides characterisation in the neutron energy also the directional distribution of neutrons plays a crucial part in this characterisation. The authors have done such characterisation in the energy and angle for four workplace fields in Paks NPP. For this a relatively simple approximation method was used using the Nprobe for the energy distribution and measurements on the six sides of the slab phantom with personal dosemeters for the directional distribution. This allowed one to estimate a reference neutron Hp(10) rate and to compare it with the response of several neutron personal dosemeters. PMID:24962515

  9. Measurements of eye lens doses in interventional cardiology using OSL and electronic dosemeters†.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, R M; Vano, E; Fernandez, J M; Ginjaume, M; Duch, M A

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of this paper is to test the appropriateness of OSL and electronic dosemeters to estimate eye lens doses at interventional cardiology environment. Using TLD as reference detectors, personal dose equivalent was measured in phantoms and during clinical procedures. For phantom measurements, OSL dose values resulted in an average difference of -15 % vs. TLD. Tests carried out with other electronic dosemeters revealed differences up to ±20 % versus TLD. With dosemeters positioned outside the goggles and when TLD doses were >20 ?Sv, the average difference OSL vs. TLD was -9 %. Eye lens doses of almost 700 ?Sv per procedure were measured in two cases out of a sample of 33 measurements in individual clinical procedures, thus showing the risk of high exposure to the lenses of the eye when protection rules are not followed. The differences found between OSL and TLD are acceptable for the purpose and range of doses measured in the survey. PMID:24464819

  10. Evaluation of two personal dosemeters in polyenergetic mono- and multi-directional neutron fields.

    PubMed

    Nunes, J C; Surette, R A

    2005-01-01

    The neutron dose-equivalent response of two commercially available electronic personal neutron dosemeters was studied in several laboratory-produced broad-spectrum neutron fields. Fluence-weighted mean energies ranged from 200 keV to 4 MeV; personal dose-equivalent rates ranged from 75 to 10 mSv h(-1); and angles of incidence were multidirectional, 0 degrees, 30 degrees and 60 degrees. Three of these fields have been shown previously to resemble ones found in CANDU (Canadian Deuterium Uranium is a registered trademark of the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited) power plant workplaces. Both dosemeters were found to perform reasonably well across the range of energy spectra and angles of incidence. One type of dosemeter displayed values of the personal dose equivalent that were, at worst, within a factor of approximately 2 of the reference values and, at best, within a few per cent of the reference values. The other type displayed values of the personal dose equivalent that were consistently within unity and 20% of the reference values. Although the radiological performance of one was found to be more accurate, this device was also found to be the less rugged of the two. Some of the data acquired in this work were compared with results previously published by others. There was consistency between these sets of data. PMID:15713742

  11. Performance of a personal neutron dosemeter based on direct ion storage at workplace fields in the nuclear industry.

    PubMed

    Boschung, M; Fiechtner, A; Wernli, C

    2007-01-01

    In the framework of the EVIDOS project, funded by the EC, measurements were carried out using dosemeters, based on ionisation chambers with direct ion storage (DIS-N), at several workplace fields, namely, at a fuel processing plant, a boiling and a pressurised water reactor, and near transport and storage casks. The measurements and results obtained with the DIS-N in these workplaces, which are representative for the nuclear industry, are described in this study. Different dosemeter configurations of converter and shielding materials were considered. The results are compared with values for personal dose equivalent which were assessed within the EVIDOS project by other partners. The advantages and limitations of the DIS-N dosemeter are discussed. PMID:17110388

  12. Application of whole-body personal TL dosemeters in mixed field beta-gamma radiation.

    PubMed

    Ciupek, K; Aksamit, D; Wo?oszczuk, K

    2014-11-01

    Application of whole-body personal TL dosemeters based on a high-sensitivity LiF:Mg,Cu,P (MCP-N) in mixed field beta-gamma radiation has been characterised. The measurements were carried out with (90)Sr/(90)Y, (85)Kr and (137)Cs point sources to calculate the energy response and linearity of the TLD response in a dose range of 0.1-30 mSv. From the result, calibration curves were obtained, enabling the readout of individual dose equivalent Hp(10) from gamma radiation and Hp(0.07) from beta radiation in mixed field beta-gamma. Limitation of the methodology and its application are presented and discussed. PMID:25009188

  13. Evaluation of personal dose equivalent using optically stimulated luminescent dosemeters in Marumori after the Fukushima nuclear accident.

    PubMed

    Yoshida-Ohuchi, Hiroko; Hirasawa, Noriyasu; Kobayashi, Ikuo; Yoshizawa, Takeshi

    2013-01-01

    The personal dose equivalent for 36 Marumori residents living in wooden houses was evaluated using optically stimulated luminescent dosemeters after the Fukushima nuclear accident. The cumulative doses to residents over 200 d from 1 September 2011 ranged from 536 to 1490 µSv. In each resident's house, the indoor and outdoor ambient dose equivalents were measured with an NaI scintillation survey meter. A linear relationship with a slope of 0.5 was found between them; however, the ratio of the indoor to the outdoor ambient dose equivalent varied from 0.36 to 1.0. A better linear relationship was observed between the personal dose equivalent and the indoor ambient dose equivalent compared with that between the personal dose equivalent and the outdoor ambient dose equivalent. These results indicate that the individual exposure dose depends on the indoor ambient dose equivalent rather than the outdoor ambient dose equivalent. These results should be very helpful in obtaining the countermeasures to reduce residents' exposure dose. PMID:22987119

  14. The use of passive personal neutron dosemeters to determine the neutron component of cosmic radiation fields in spacecraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartlett, D. T.; Hager, L. G.; Tanner, R. T.

    For the altitude range and inclination of the International Space Station (ISS), secondary neutrons can be a major contributor to dose equivalent inside a spacecraft. The exact proportion is very dependent on the amount of shielding of the primary galactic cosmic radiation and trapped particles, but is likely to lie in the range of 10% to 50%. Personal neutron dosemeters of simple design, and processed using simple techniques developed for personal dosimetry may be used to estimate this neutron component. For the etch regime employed, the combination of high LET threshold (there is little response below a restricted LET200 in PADC of about 40 keV ?m-1), and poor angle dependence of response to high-energy charged particles (HZE), results in a much reduced overall response of the neutron dosimeter to the HZE component of the field in spacecraft and no response to protons of energy greater than about 2 MeV. Preliminary measurements indicate that for examples of the HZE component of the radiation fields in spacecraft, a correction of 5 to 10 % is necessary to account for the detector HZE response. Alternatively, an additional chemical etch can be carried out which allows discrimination. Recent results for exposures in low Earth orbit are reported.

  15. Response of dosemeters in the radiation field generated by a TW-class laser system.

    PubMed

    Olšovcová, V; Klír, D; Krása, J; Kr?s, M; Velyhan, A; Zelenka, Z; Rus, B

    2014-10-01

    State-of-the-art laser systems are able to generate ionising radiation of significantly high energies by focusing ultra-short and intense pulses onto targets. Thus, measures ensuring the radiation protection of both working personnel and the general public are required. However, commercially available dosemeters are primarily designed for measurement in continuous fields. Therefore, it is important to explore their response to very short pulses. In this study, the responses of dosemeters in a radiation field generated by iodine high-power and Ti:Sapphire laser systems are examined in proton and electron acceleration experiments. Within these experiments, electron bunches of femtosecond pulse duration and 100-MeV energy and proton bunches with sub-nanosecond pulse duration and energy of several megaelectronvolts were generated in single-shot regimes. Responses of typical detectors (TLD, films and electronic personal dosemeter) were analysed and compared. Further, a first attempt was carried out to characterise the radiation field generated by TW-class laser systems. PMID:24563524

  16. Multichannel dosemeter and Al2O3:C optically stimulated luminescence fibre sensors for use in radiation therapy: evaluation with electron beams.

    PubMed

    Magne, S; Auger, L; Bordy, J M; de Carlan, L; Isambert, A; Bridier, A; Ferdinand, P; Barthe, J

    2008-01-01

    This article proposes an innovative multichannel optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosemeter for on-line in vivo dose verification in radiation therapy. OSL fibre sensors incorporating small Al(2)O(3):C fibre crystals (TLD(500)) have been tested with an X-ray generator. A reproducible readout procedure should reduce the fading-induced uncertainty ( approximately - 1% per decade). OSL readouts are temperature-dependent [ approximately 0.3% K(-1) when OSL stimulation is performed at the same temperature as irradiation; approximately 0.16% K(-1) after thermalisation (20 degrees C)]. Sensor calibration and depth-dose measurements with electron beams have been performed with a Saturne 43 linear accelerator in reference conditions at CEA-LNHB (ionising radiation reference laboratory in France). Predosed OSL sensors show a good repeatability in multichannel operation and independence versus electron energy in the range (9, 18 MeV). The difference between absorbed doses measured by OSL and an ionisation chamber were within +/-0.9% (for a dose of about 1 Gy) despite a sublinear calibration curve. PMID:18757901

  17. Self-indicating radiation alert dosemeter (SIRAD).

    PubMed

    Riel, Gordon K; Winters, Patrick; Patel, Gordhan; Patel, Paresh

    2006-01-01

    In an event of a nuclear or dirty bomb explosion and a radiological accident, there is a need for self-indicating instant radiation dosemeter for monitoring radiation exposure. The self-indicating instant radiation alert dosemeter (SIRAD) is a credit card size radiation dosemeter for monitoring ionising radiation from a few hundredths of a Gray to a few Gray. It is always active and is ready to use. It needs no battery. The dosemeter develops colour instantly upon exposure, and the colour intensifies with dose. It has a colour chart so that the dose on the active element may be read by matching its colour with the chart that is printed next to it on the card. However, in this work, the dose is measured by the optical density of the element. The dosemeter cannot be reset. The response changes by <1% per degrees C from -20 to +60 degrees C. The shelf-life is >3 y at room temperature. It contains no hazardous materials. The dosemeter would meet the requirements of instantly monitoring high dose in an event of a nuclear or dirty bomb explosion or a radiation accident. PMID:16565203

  18. Desiderata for Personal Electronic Communication in Clinical Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Indra Neil Sarkar; Justin Starren

    2002-01-01

    Electronic communication among clinicians and patients is becoming an essential part of medical practice. Evaluation and selection of these electronic systems, called personal clinical electronic communication (PCEC) systems, can be a difficult task in institutions that have no prior experience with such systems. It is particularly difficult in the clinical context. To directly address this point, the authors consulted a

  19. Retrospective dosimetry with alumina substrate from electronic components.

    PubMed

    Ekendahl, Daniela; Judas, Libor

    2012-06-01

    Alumina substrate can be found in electronic components used in portable electronic devices. The material is radiation sensitive and can be applied in dosimetry using thermally or optically stimulated luminescence. Electronic portable devices such as mobile phones, USB flash discs, mp3 players, etc., which are worn close to the body, can represent  personal dosemeters for members of the general public in situations of large-scale radiation accidents or malevolent acts with radioactive materials. This study investigated dosimetric properties of alumina substrates and aspects of using mobile phones as personal dosemeters. The alumina substrates exhibited favourable dosimetry characteristics. However, anomalous fading had to be properly corrected in order to achieve sufficient precision in dose estimate. Trial dose reconstruction performed by means of two mobile phones proved that mobile phones can be used for reconstruction of personal doses. PMID:21964904

  20. Electronic and Personal Health Records: VA's Key to Patient Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet M. Schneider

    2010-01-01

    The move to electronic and personal health records (PHRs) is being spurred by new incentives offered by President Obama's administration. While the benefits to patients and health care organizations are great, implementation also presents many challenges and pitfalls. This article outlines the types of electronic health records and their uses, barriers to implementation, and issues patients should be aware of

  1. A passive neutron dosemeter based on a CR39 track detector with multi-field evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Savvidis; W. G. Alberts; M. Luszik-Bhadra; M. Zamani

    1994-01-01

    A passive neutron personal dosemeter is proposed which is based on a single CR-39 track detector, covered at four positions with different converters and absorbers. Its dose equivalent response has been investigated with respect to its energy and angle dependence, covering energies from thermal up to 15 MeV and angles of incidence up to 85°. A position-related readout of the

  2. Private Health Plans Perspectives: Electronic Personal Health Records and Electronic Prescribing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy M. McGee; Gene Reeder; Timothy S. Regan; J. D. Kleinke; Steve Arnold

    2009-01-01

    Background: Patients, payers, public health researchers, medical econ - omists, and policymakers have all called for aggressive deployment of information technologies to support the management of health records and prescriptions. In response, payers of all types have been making investments in electronic systems. Objectives: To understand, analyze, and quantify current private payer involvement in electronic personal health records and electronic

  3. Thermoluminescence dosimetry of electronic components from personal objects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Koen Beerten; Clemens Woda; Filip Vanhavere

    2009-01-01

    Owing to the existence of ceramic materials inside common personal objects such as cellular phones and USB flash drives, these objects may be very useful in emergency (accident) dosimetry. Here we will present initial results regarding the dosimetric properties as determined by thermoluminescence (TL) from two alumina-rich electronic components from a USB flash drive. The TL method was applied in

  4. Designing an Electronic Personal Health Record for Professional Iranian Athletes

    PubMed Central

    Abdolkhani, Robab; Halabchi, Farzin; Safdari, Reza; Dargahi, Hossein; Shadanfar, Kamran

    2014-01-01

    Background: By providing sports organizations with electronic records and instruments that can be accessed at any time or place, specialized care can be offered to athletes regardless of injury location, and this makes the follow-up from first aid through to full recovery more efficient. Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop an electronic personal health record for professional Iranian athletes. Patients and Methods: First, a comparative study was carried out on the types of professional athletes’existing handheld and electronic health information management systems currently being used in Iran and leading countries in the field of sports medicine including; Australia, Canada and the United States. Then a checklist was developed containing a minimum dataset of professional athletes’ personal health records and distributed to the people involved, who consisted of 50 specialists in sports medicine and health information management, using the Delphi method. Through the use of data obtained from this survey, a basic paper model of professional athletes' personal health record was constructed and then an electronic model was created accordingly. Results: Access to information in the electronic record was through a web-based, portal system. The capabilities of this system included: access to information at any time and location, increased interaction between the medical team, comprehensive reporting and effective management of injuries, flexibility and interaction with financial, radiology and laboratory information systems. Conclusions: It is suggested that a framework should be created to promote athletes’ medical knowledge and provide the education necessary to manage their information. This would lead to improved data quality and ultimately promote the health of community athletes. PMID:25741410

  5. Potential dosemeter for quantifying biologically effective blue light exposures.

    PubMed

    Turnbull, David J; Parisi, Alfio V

    2012-04-01

    This paper reports on the development of a blue light (VIS(BL)) dosemeter. The VIS(BL) dosemeter is based on the combination of polysulfone and phenothiazine as a potential VIS(BL) dosemeter for population studies of exposures related to the blue light hazard. This research found that this combination of photosensitive chromophores reacts to both ultraviolet and visible wavelengths of the solar spectrum. Further to this, the majority of the ultraviolet wavelengths <380 nm can be filtered out with the use of a low-pass filter. It was found that a large change in optical absorbance at 437 nm occurred when the dosemeter was employed to quantify the solar blue light hazard exposures. Preliminary results indicate that this dosemeter saturates relatively slowly and is able to measure exposures equivalent to >1200 kJ m(-2) of blue light hazard weighted solar radiation. PMID:21712257

  6. Environmental scanning electron microscopy of personal and household products.

    PubMed

    Hoyberg, K

    1997-03-01

    The ability to forego sample preparation and to make observation directly in the environmental scanning electron microscope has benefited both household and personal product research at Unilever Research. Product efficacy on biological materials such as microcomedones was easily ascertained. Skin biopsies were examined in a moist state with no sample preparation. Effects of relative humidity on detergents were visually determined by recreating the necessary conditions in the microscope. Effects of cooling rates on the morphology of softener sheet actives that remained on polyester fabric were characterized via dynamic experimentation. PMID:9099009

  7. Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters

    SciTech Connect

    Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

    1992-08-01

    Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

  8. Calibration of Far West Technology (FWT-60) radiachromic dye dosemeters

    SciTech Connect

    Mincher, B.J.; Zaidi, M.K.

    1992-01-01

    Radiachromic dye dosimetry was used to measure kilogray doses absorbed by various liquid samples during gamma-ray exposure in a spent nuclear fuel pool. The source of nuclear fuel was the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Calibrations were performed using a {sup 60}Co source and were run on bare dosemeters, as well as on dosemeters which mocked to simulate the samples. These dosemeters were prepared as a dye-impregnated nylon film and are commercially available. When exposed to gamma-ray doses of 0.5 to 200 kGy, a color change occurs which has an optical density proportional to absorbed dose. The difference in the calibration curves demonstrated the importance of irradiation of dosemeters under conditions as close to the actual samples as possible. Since these dosemeters could not be immersed directly in the organic solutions of interest, they were sandwiched between layers of lucite and stainless steel. This simulated the conditions inside an irradiated sample and provides a practical method of measuring absorbed doses. The reproducibility of measurements using the radiachromic dye dosemeters is also shown. 10 refs.

  9. 75 FR 15413 - Approval for Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-29

    ...Processing Authority, Foreign-Trade Zone 196, ATC Logistics & Electronics (Personal Navigation Devices), Fort Worth, Texas Pursuant...adopts the following Order: Whereas, ATC Logistics & Electronics, an operator of Foreign-Trade Zone 196, has...

  10. Establishing a Personal Electronic Health Record in the Rhine-Neckar Region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oliver Heinze; Antje Brandner; Björn Bergh

    2009-01-01

    We present the underlying vision, the approach, the current status and the gained experiences in the attempt to establish a personal and electronic health record (PEHR) system in the Rhine-Neckar Region. First, an electronic health record (EHR) shall be implemented, which is in a second step expanded by a personal health record (PHR) in order to form a PEHR. Integration

  11. Potential clinical utility of a fibre optic-coupled dosemeter for dose measurements in diagnostic radiology.

    PubMed

    Jones, A Kyle; Hintenlang, David

    2008-01-01

    Many types of dosemeters have been investigated for absorbed dose measurements in diagnostic radiology, including ionisation chambers, metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor dosemeters, thermoluminescent dosemeters, optically stimulated luminescence detectors, film and diodes. Each of the aforementioned dosemeters suffers from a critical limitation, either the need to interrogate, or read, the dosemeter to retrieve dose information or large size to achieve adequate sensitivity. This work presents an evaluation of a fibre optic-coupled dosemeter (FOCD) for use in diagnostic radiology dose measurement. This dosemeter is small, tissue-equivalent and capable of providing true real-time dose information. The FOCD has been evaluated for dose linearity, angular dependence, sensitivity and energy dependence at energies, beam qualities and beam quantities relevant to diagnostic radiology. The FOCD displayed excellent dose linearity and high sensitivity, while exhibiting minimal angular dependence of response. However, the dosemeter does exhibit positive energy dependence, and is subject to attenuation of response when bent. PMID:18845674

  12. Using Personal Reprint Management Software to Teach Information Management Skills for the Electronic Library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J. Owen

    1997-01-01

    The growing electronic library now provides researchers, students and clinicians with ready access to a wide range of useful electronic information sources which can augment, and increasingly replace, the traditional print versions. As a result of this, medical researchers and health professionals are turning to librarians for guidance in the effective organization, and manipulation of personal information collections. Many library

  13. My Library: Personalized Electronic Services in the Cornell University Library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suzanne A. Cohen; John Fereira; Angela Horne; Robert Kibbee; Holly Mistlebauer; Adam Smith

    2000-01-01

    Library users who are Web users expect customization and interactivity. MyLibrary is a Cornell University Library initiative to provide numerous personalized library services to Cornell University students, faculty, and staff. Currently, it consists of MyLinks, a tool for collecting and organizing resources for private use by a patron, and MyUpdates, a tool to help scholars stay informed of new resources

  14. The PING Personally Controlled Electronic Medical Record System: Technical Architecture

    PubMed Central

    Simons, William W.; Mandl, Kenneth D.; Kohane, Isaac S.

    2005-01-01

    Despite progress in creating standardized clinical data models and interapplication protocols, the goal of creating a lifelong health care record remains mired in the pragmatics of interinstitutional competition, concerns about privacy and unnecessary disclosure, and the lack of a nationwide system for authenticating and authorizing access to medical information. The authors describe the architecture of a personally controlled health care record system, PING, that is not institutionally bound, is a free and open source, and meets the policy requirements that the authors have previously identified for health care delivery and population-wide research. PMID:15492031

  15. NaCl as a retrospective and accident dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Ekendahl, Daniela; Judas, Libor

    2011-04-01

    NaCl is a cheap and widely available material. This study investigated the potential of NaCl in the form of a household salt as a retrospective and accident dosemeter using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). Samples of the investigated household salt were stimulated using blue light of linearly modulated power. Attention was concentrated on sensitivity, dose dependence of the OSL signal, fading, optimisation of the read-out procedure and application of analytical protocols that do not require a specific calibration. A potential of NaCl as a complementary dosemeter within emergency preparedness was considered. The behaviour of the OSL signal observed was found to be favourable for dosimetry. PMID:21068016

  16. Household salt as a retrospective dosemeter using optically stimulated luminescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Bernhardsson; Maria Christiansson; Sören Mattsson; Christopher L. Rääf

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate the potential of a selection of household salts (NaCl) as a retrospective dosemeter\\u000a for ionising radiation using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The OSL-response of five brands of salt to an absorbed\\u000a dose in the range from 1 mGy to 9 Gy was investigated using a Risø TL\\/OSL-15 reader and a 60Co beam, allowing low

  17. Beyond the Electronic Portfolio: A Lifetime Personal Web Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Ellen R.; Hibbitts, Bernard J.

    2004-01-01

    The electronic portfolio (e-portfolio) is higher education's new "got to have it" tool--the show-and-tell platform of the millennium. Hundreds of academic institutions are variously studying, using, or innovating e-portfolio systems. Indeed, the current e-portfolio movement is spawning new university committees; on-campus training modules, books,…

  18. Performance of the EPD-N2 dosemeter for monitoring aircrew doses.

    PubMed

    Scherpelz, R I; Cezeaux, J R

    2015-03-01

    United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew fly at altitudes and for durations where doses from cosmic radiation are significant enough to warrant monitoring. This study evaluated a candidate radiological monitoring system for USAF aircrew, the Thermo Scientific electronic personnel dosemeter (EPD-N2). The evaluation consisted of characterising the device in a well-characterised radiation field at a European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) accelerator, and aboard an USAF aircraft. The performance of the EPDs was evaluated by comparison with accepted values for dose at the CERN facility, comparison with the value calculated by flight dose software and comparison with the value estimated by a tissue-equivalent proportional counter aboard the aircraft. This study recommends that a correction factor of 1/CF = 1/3.9 be applied to EPD-N2 measurements aboard aircraft flights. The uncertainty in this correction factor is 11.8 %. PMID:25108394

  19. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society. PMID:24699375

  20. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-04-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society.

  1. Personal electronics printing via tapping mode composite liquid metal ink delivery and adhesion mechanism.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Yi; He, Zhi-Zhu; Yang, Jun; Liu, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Printed electronics is becoming increasingly important in a variety of newly emerging areas. However, restricted to the rather limited conductive inks and available printing strategies, the current electronics manufacture is usually confined to industry level. Here, we show a highly cost-effective and entirely automatic printing way towards personal electronics making, through introducing a tapping-mode composite fluid delivery system. Fundamental mechanisms regarding the reliable printing, transfer and adhesion of the liquid metal inks on the substrate were disclosed through systematic theoretical interpretation and experimental measurements. With this liquid metal printer, a series of representative electronic patterns spanning from single wires to desired complex configurations such as integrated circuit (IC), printed-circuits-on-board (PCB), electronic paintings, or more do-it-yourself (DIY) devices, were demonstrated to be printed out with high precision in a moment. And the total machine cost already reached personally affordable price. This is hard to achieve by a conventional PCB technology which generally takes long time and is material, water and energy consuming, while the existing printed electronics is still far away from the real direct printing goal. The present work opens the way for large scale personal electronics manufacture and is expected to generate important value for the coming society. PMID:24699375

  2. Electronic Method to Detect Persons Hidden Within Cargo containers

    SciTech Connect

    Fuller, G.M.

    1997-11-10

    Physical security technologies have been unable to address most `Trojan Horse' scenarios at vehicle portals which provide access through the perimeter of a secure area. Thorough visual searches of vehicle cargo containers are time consuming, involve a number of security personnel and are cursory at best. Vehicles entering or exiting a protected site provide an adversary with an easy pathway across secure boundaries. A method to detect the presence of persons hiding within a vehicle's enclosed cargo container has been developed by LQckheed Martin Energy Systems. The system measures vibrations coupled to the container and generated by the human heart. Each time the human heart beats, it generates a small but measurable shock wave. This shock wave is propagated through the body and transmitted to anything with which the body has contact. This wave is referred to as a baflistocardiograrn and is the mechanical equivalent to an electrocardiogram. Systems have been installed in several State prisons and have been independently tested and evaluated. The effectiveness of the system has been determined by the Thunder Mountain Evaluation Center at Fort Huachuca. Arizona. Sympathetic vibrations of the cargo container's surface can be collected using any of several detection methods, i.e. infrared, Doppler microwave, Doppler ultrasonic wave and geophones. The analog signal delivered by the sensors is passed through an amplifier and a low pass filter and then fed to a microprocessor via an analog to digital converter. When initiated by the operator, anafog signals are recorded for a specific interval of time and rate. At the end of the recording intervaL the data are analysed using wavelet transform techniques and compared with a ballistocardiographic template. If the collected data are similar, the system informs the operator that there is a high degree of probability that a person is within the vehicle. The paper describes in depth the development of the system, system operation, and system software and hardware, and discusses the algorithm, current development activities, testing, and actual usage of the system for the protection of nuclear facilities and State prisons. It focuses on technologies being evaluated for future iterations of the system and applications other than the protection of perimeters.

  3. A Quantitative Exploration of the Relationship between Patient Health and Electronic Personal Health Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hines, Denise Williams

    2009-01-01

    The use of electronic personal health records is becoming increasingly more popular as healthcare providers, healthcare and government leaders, and patients are seeking ways to improve healthcare quality and to decrease costs (Abrahamsen, 2007). This quantitative, descriptive correlational study examined the relationship between the degree of…

  4. Electronic Personal Health Record Systems: A Brief Review of Privacy, Security, and Architectural Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Daglish; Norm Archer

    2009-01-01

    Electronic personal health records (PHRs) are beginning to receive widespread attention as a tool for consumers. Such systems may be used by individuals to input data and to access information from a variety of sources (e.g. family physicians), thus improving their understanding of the state of their health and helping to manage their own healthcare better. The main source of

  5. 78 FR 2912 - Prohibition on Personal Use of Electronic Devices on the Flight Deck

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ...Personal Use of Electronic Devices on the Flight Deck AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...use while at their duty station on the flight deck while the aircraft is being operated...the challenge of task management on the flight deck or a loss of situational...

  6. Further studies on sensitivity of a LR115 based radon dosemeter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F Bagnoli; F Bochicchio; S Bucci; D Marocco

    2001-01-01

    A radon dosemeter widely used in Italy and other countries has a cylindrically shaped diffusion cell and contains two LR-115 detectors covered by a thin film of absorber as an energy degrader. The sensitivity of this dosemeter was first studied by means of a simplified model for track formation in LR-115, based on three independent parameters (Emin,Emax and the critical

  7. Design and Evaluation of a Protocol to Assess Electronic Travel Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.; van der Velde, Hanneke; Pinkster, J. Christiaan; Kooijman, Aart C.

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated a protocol that was developed to assess how beneficial electronic travel aids are for persons who are visually impaired. Twenty persons with visual impairments used an electronic travel device (Trekker) for six weeks to conform to the protocol, which proved useful in identifying successful users of the device. (Contains 2…

  8. Response of alanine and radio-photo-luminescence dosemeters to mixed high-energy radiation fields.

    PubMed

    Vincke, H; Brunner, I; Floret, I; Forkel-Wirth, D; Fuerstner, M; Mayer, S; Theis, C

    2007-01-01

    Alanine and Radio-Photo-Luminescence (RPL) dosemeters are passive dosemeters used to monitor absorbed dose in all kind of radiation fields. However, up to now both dosemeter types are calibrated to photon sources only. In order to study the response of RPL and alanine dosemeters to mixed high-energy particle fields like those occurring at CERN's accelerators, an irradiation campaign at the CERN-EC High-Energy Reference field Facility (CERF-field) was performed. In this facility a copper target is irradiated by hadrons with a momentum of 120 GeV/c. Dosemeters were exposed to various mixed radiation fields by placing them at various positions on the surface of the target. In addition to the experiment FLUKA Monte Carlo simulations were carried out, which provide information concerning the energy deposition at the dosemeter locations. This paper compares the measurements with the simulation results and discusses the radiation field compositions present at the various dosemeter positions on the target. PMID:17369266

  9. Web-Based Personal-Centered Electronic Health Record for Elderly Population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eung-Hun Kim; Sneha Modi; David Fang; Cheong B. Soh; Anne Herbaugh; Sally Shinstrom; W. B. Lober; B. Zierler; Y. Kim

    2006-01-01

    Increasing acceptance and availability of information and communication technology (ICT) have made the development and implementation of Web-based electronic personal health records (PHRs) more feasible. Previous studies have demonstrated the PHR's potential to alleviate limitations in traditional healthcare delivery. However, this type of technology-dependent approach inherits the vulnerabilities of exposing the society to its own share of inequality (i.e., \\

  10. Designing a Service Framework for Electronic Personal Health Records: A Patient-Centred Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret Leyland

    2010-01-01

    With the increase in diabetes prevalence and the resultant greater demand for diabetes services, together with fewer resources to pay for them, diabetes has become a multi-billion dollar economic burden the world over. Electronic personal health records (ePHRs) have been positioned as transformational agents that facilitate productive interactions between patients and their healthcare providers, and support self-management of chronic diseases

  11. A personal computer-based monitoring and control system for electron accelerators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. A. Van Ausdeln; K. J. Haskell; J. L. Jones

    2001-01-01

    A virtual instrument (VI) has been designed to provide monitor and control function for a selectable-energy, electron accelerator at the Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC). The virtual instrument is written using the National Instruments LabVIEW graphical programming language for operation on an IBM-compatible, Windows-based, personal computer. All data acquisition is accomplished using National Instruments data acquisition hardware interface (NI-DAQ). The VI

  12. A comparison of personal dose equivalent measurements made by personal dosemeters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cechak, T.; Davidkova, J.; Kodl, O.; Novacek, P.; Papirnik, P.; Petrova, K.; Prasek, P.; Martincik, J.; Sochor, V.

    2014-11-01

    Individual monitoring services for external radiation were tested in the Czech Republic. The results of the tests show that they are dosimetry systems authorized and regularly tested in the Czech Republic having outliers for low energy region and angle of 50 degree and greater. With the highest probability, it can be stated that the processing equipment does not determine the angle of exposure reliably. These cases may have caused overestimations of Hp(10) in the special conditions occurring e.g. in interventional radiology and cardiology procedures.

  13. Rapid progress or lengthy process? Electronic personal health records in mental health.

    PubMed

    Ennis, Liam; Rose, Diana; Callard, Felicity; Denis, Mike; Wykes, Til

    2011-01-01

    A major objective of many healthcare providers is to increase patients' participation in their own care. The introduction of electronic personal health records (ePHRs) may help to achieve this. An ePHR is an electronic database of an individual's health information, accessible to and maintained by the patient. ePHRs are very much in vogue, with an increasing number of studies reporting their potential utility as well as cost. However, the vast majority of these studies focus on general healthcare. Little attempt has been made to document the specific problems which might occur throughout the implementation of ePHRs in mental health. This review identifies such concerns through an electronic search of the literature. Several potential difficulties are highlighted and addressed, including access to information technology, identifying relevant populations and the handling of sensitive information. Special attention is paid to the concept of 'empowerment' and what this means in relation to ePHRs. PMID:21791069

  14. Rapid progress or lengthy process? electronic personal health records in mental health

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    A major objective of many healthcare providers is to increase patients' participation in their own care. The introduction of electronic personal health records (ePHRs) may help to achieve this. An ePHR is an electronic database of an individual's health information, accessible to and maintained by the patient. ePHRs are very much in vogue, with an increasing number of studies reporting their potential utility as well as cost. However, the vast majority of these studies focus on general healthcare. Little attempt has been made to document the specific problems which might occur throughout the implementation of ePHRs in mental health. This review identifies such concerns through an electronic search of the literature. Several potential difficulties are highlighted and addressed, including access to information technology, identifying relevant populations and the handling of sensitive information. Special attention is paid to the concept of 'empowerment' and what this means in relation to ePHRs. PMID:21791069

  15. The road to hot electron photochemistry at surfaces: A personal recollection

    SciTech Connect

    Gadzuk, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

    2012-09-07

    A very important part of contemporary fs-laser surface photochemistry (SPC) is based on a proposed mechanism in which a laser pulse incident upon an adsorbate-covered surface photoexcites substrate electrons which in turn inelastically scatter from atoms and molecules (chemists may call them 'reactants') in or on the surface. The present narrative outlines my own very personal SPC saga that began with early exposure to the wonders of and fascination with inelastic resonant electron scattering from gas phase atoms and molecules that dominated the Atomic and Electron Physics activities at NBS (now NIST) in 1968 when I arrived. How this lead to a fundamental understanding of important aspects of SPC is the focus of this essay.

  16. A comparison of the response of PADC neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields.

    PubMed

    Trompier, F; Boschung, M; Buffler, A; Domingo, C; Cale, E; Chevallier, M-A; Esposito, A; Ferrarini, M; Geduld, D R; Hager, L; Hohmann, E; Mayer, S; Musso, A; Romero-Esposito, M; Röttger, S; Smit, F D; Sashala Naik, A; Tanner, R; Wissmann, F; Caresana, M

    2014-10-01

    Within the framework of the EURADOS Working Group 11, a comparison of passive neutron dosemeters in high-energy neutron fields was organised in 2011. The aim of the exercise was to evaluate the response of poly-allyl-glycol-carbonate neutron dosemeters from various European dosimetry laboratories to high-energy neutron fields. Irradiations were performed at the iThemba LABS facility in South Africa with neutrons having energies up to 66 and 100 MeV. PMID:24298170

  17. 1983 ORNL intercomparison of personnel neutron and gamma dosemeters

    SciTech Connect

    Swaja, R.E.; Sims, C.S.; Greene, R.T.

    1985-01-01

    The Ninth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was conducted during April 19-21, 1983, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dosemeters from 33 participating agencies were mounted on water-filled polyethylene elliptical phantoms and exposed to a range of low-level dose equivalents (0.02-0.45 mSv gamma and 0.49-11.14 mSv neutron) which could be encountered during routine personnel monitoring in mixed radiation fields. The Health Physics Research Reactor served as the radiation source for six separate exposures which used four different shield conditions: unshielded and shielded with steel, steel/concrete, and concrete. Results of the neutron measurements indicate that it is not unusual for dose equivalent estimates made under the same conditions by different agencies to differ by more than a factor of 2. Albedo systems, which were the most popular neutron monitors in this study, provided the most accurate results with CR-39 recoil track being least accurate. Track and film neutron systems exhibited problems providing measurable indication of neutron exposure at dose equivalents of about 0.50 mSv. Gamma measurements showed that TLD and film systems generally overestimated dose equivalents in the mixed radiation fields with film exhibiting significant problems providing measurable indication of gamma exposure at dose equivalents lower than about 0.15 mSv. Under the conditions of this study in which exposures were carefully controlled and participants had information concerning exposure conditions and incident spectra prior to dosemeter analysis, only slightly more than half of all neutron and gamma dose equivalent estimates met regulatory accuracy standards relative to reference values. These results indicate that continued improvement of mixed-field personnel dosimetry is required by many participating organizations. 15 references, 30 tables.

  18. Tissue banking, bioinformatics, and electronic medical records: the front-end requirements for personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Suh, K Stephen; Sarojini, Sreeja; Youssif, Maher; Nalley, Kip; Milinovikj, Natasha; Elloumi, Fathi; Russell, Steven; Pecora, Andrew; Schecter, Elyssa; Goy, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Personalized medicine promises patient-tailored treatments that enhance patient care and decrease overall treatment costs by focusing on genetics and "-omics" data obtained from patient biospecimens and records to guide therapy choices that generate good clinical outcomes. The approach relies on diagnostic and prognostic use of novel biomarkers discovered through combinations of tissue banking, bioinformatics, and electronic medical records (EMRs). The analytical power of bioinformatic platforms combined with patient clinical data from EMRs can reveal potential biomarkers and clinical phenotypes that allow researchers to develop experimental strategies using selected patient biospecimens stored in tissue banks. For cancer, high-quality biospecimens collected at diagnosis, first relapse, and various treatment stages provide crucial resources for study designs. To enlarge biospecimen collections, patient education regarding the value of specimen donation is vital. One approach for increasing consent is to offer publically available illustrations and game-like engagements demonstrating how wider sample availability facilitates development of novel therapies. The critical value of tissue bank samples, bioinformatics, and EMR in the early stages of the biomarker discovery process for personalized medicine is often overlooked. The data obtained also require cross-disciplinary collaborations to translate experimental results into clinical practice and diagnostic and prognostic use in personalized medicine. PMID:23818899

  19. Tissue Banking, Bioinformatics, and Electronic Medical Records: The Front-End Requirements for Personalized Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Suh, K. Stephen; Sarojini, Sreeja; Youssif, Maher; Nalley, Kip; Milinovikj, Natasha; Elloumi, Fathi; Russell, Steven; Pecora, Andrew; Schecter, Elyssa; Goy, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Personalized medicine promises patient-tailored treatments that enhance patient care and decrease overall treatment costs by focusing on genetics and “-omics” data obtained from patient biospecimens and records to guide therapy choices that generate good clinical outcomes. The approach relies on diagnostic and prognostic use of novel biomarkers discovered through combinations of tissue banking, bioinformatics, and electronic medical records (EMRs). The analytical power of bioinformatic platforms combined with patient clinical data from EMRs can reveal potential biomarkers and clinical phenotypes that allow researchers to develop experimental strategies using selected patient biospecimens stored in tissue banks. For cancer, high-quality biospecimens collected at diagnosis, first relapse, and various treatment stages provide crucial resources for study designs. To enlarge biospecimen collections, patient education regarding the value of specimen donation is vital. One approach for increasing consent is to offer publically available illustrations and game-like engagements demonstrating how wider sample availability facilitates development of novel therapies. The critical value of tissue bank samples, bioinformatics, and EMR in the early stages of the biomarker discovery process for personalized medicine is often overlooked. The data obtained also require cross-disciplinary collaborations to translate experimental results into clinical practice and diagnostic and prognostic use in personalized medicine. PMID:23818899

  20. Personalized Mortality Prediction Driven by Electronic Medical Data and a Patient Similarity Metric

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Joon; Maslove, David M.; Dubin, Joel A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Clinical outcome prediction normally employs static, one-size-fits-all models that perform well for the average patient but are sub-optimal for individual patients with unique characteristics. In the era of digital healthcare, it is feasible to dynamically personalize decision support by identifying and analyzing similar past patients, in a way that is analogous to personalized product recommendation in e-commerce. Our objectives were: 1) to prove that analyzing only similar patients leads to better outcome prediction performance than analyzing all available patients, and 2) to characterize the trade-off between training data size and the degree of similarity between the training data and the index patient for whom prediction is to be made. Methods and Findings We deployed a cosine-similarity-based patient similarity metric (PSM) to an intensive care unit (ICU) database to identify patients that are most similar to each patient and subsequently to custom-build 30-day mortality prediction models. Rich clinical and administrative data from the first day in the ICU from 17,152 adult ICU admissions were analyzed. The results confirmed that using data from only a small subset of most similar patients for training improves predictive performance in comparison with using data from all available patients. The results also showed that when too few similar patients are used for training, predictive performance degrades due to the effects of small sample sizes. Our PSM-based approach outperformed well-known ICU severity of illness scores. Although the improved prediction performance is achieved at the cost of increased computational burden, Big Data technologies can help realize personalized data-driven decision support at the point of care. Conclusions The present study provides crucial empirical evidence for the promising potential of personalized data-driven decision support systems. With the increasing adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems, our novel medical data analytics contributes to meaningful use of EMR data. PMID:25978419

  1. Characterization of optically stimulated luminescence dosemeters to measure organ doses in diagnostic radiology

    PubMed Central

    Endo, A; Katoh, T; Kobayashi, I; Joshi, R; Sur, J; Okano, T

    2012-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of an optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter (OSLD) for use in diagnostic radiology and to apply the OSLD in measuring the organ doses by panoramic radiography. Methods The dose linearity, energy dependency and angular dependency of aluminium oxide-based OSLDs were examined using an X-ray generator to simulate various exposure settings in diagnostic radiology. The organ doses were then measured by inserting the dosemeters into an anthropomorphic phantom while using three panoramic machines. Results The dosemeters demonstrated consistent dose linearity (coefficient of variation<1.5%) and no significant energy dependency (coefficient of variation<1.5%) under the applied exposure conditions. They also exhibited negligible angular dependency (?10%). The organ doses of the X-ray as a result of panoramic imaging by three machines were calculated using the dosemeters. Conclusion OSLDs can be utilized to measure the organ doses in diagnostic radiology. The availability of these dosemeters in strip form proves to be reliably advantageous. PMID:22116136

  2. Characteristics and Performance of the Sunna High Dose Dosemeter Using Green Photoluminescence and UV Absorption Readout Methods

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Steven D.; Murphy, Mark K.; Tinker, Mike R.; Kovacs, Andres; Mclaughlin, William

    2002-01-01

    Growth in the use of ionizing radiation for medical sterilization and the potential for wide-scale international food irradiation have created the need for robust, mass-producible, inexpensive, and highly accurate radiation dosemeters. The Sunna dosemeter, lithium fluoride injection-moulded in a polyethylene matrix, can be read out using either green photoluminescence or ultraviolet (UV) absorption.

  3. Silicon-based hybrid energy cell for self-powered electrodegradation and personal electronics.

    PubMed

    Yang, Ya; Zhang, Hulin; Liu, Yan; Lin, Zong-Hong; Lee, Sangmin; Lin, Ziyin; Wong, Ching Ping; Wang, Zhong Lin

    2013-03-26

    Silicon (Si)-based solar cell is by far the most established solar cell technology. The surface of a Si solar cell is usually covered by a layer of transparent material to protect the device from corrosion, contamination and mechanical damage. Here, we replaced this protection layer by a thin layer film of polydimethysiloxane nanowires. Based on this layer and using the conductive layer on the surface of the wavy Si, we have fabricated a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG). The solar cell and the TENG form a hybrid energy cell for simultaneously harvesting solar and mechanical energies. The hybrid energy cell can be directly used for self-powered electrodegradation of rhodamine B, where the degradation percentage is up to 98% in 10 min. Moreover, the produced energy can also be stored in the Li-ion batteries for driving some personal electronics such as a red laser diode and a commercial cell phone. PMID:23432414

  4. Electronic Personal Health Records for Childhood Cancer Survivors: An Exploratory Study.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Lisa K; Carvalho, Priscilla; Southward, Matthew; Schmidt, Mary Lou; Jabine, Leslie N; Stolley, Melinda R; Gerber, Ben S

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors have complex healthcare needs that may be effectively communicated using electronic personal health records. This study explores the knowledge, interest, and attitudes of a sample of survivors and some of their caregivers towards electronic personal health records (ePHRs). Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in a pediatric hematology-oncology clinic and associated survivorship clinic with a convenience sample of caregivers of survivors who were <14 years old and survivors ?14 years old along with their caregivers when present. A semi-structured interview was conducted with survivors and some caregivers to understand their knowledge, interest, and attitudes towards adoption of ePHRs. Results: Interviews were completed with 11 caregivers of young survivors, four survivors alone, and five survivor-caregiver dyads. Survivors ranged in age at diagnosis from 1 to 17 years old. Among the ethnically diverse sample, approximately half of the nine survivors and 25% of 16 caregivers reported having some knowledge of ePHRs. Eighty-nine percent (8/9) of the survivors and 81% (13/16) of the caregivers reported that they were somewhat or very comfortable using the internet. All nine survivors and 75% of caregivers were interested in the adoption of ePHRs. Data security and privacy were the primary concerns expressed. Conclusions: Interest in adoption of ePHRs to manage cancer survivorship-related health information was high. Most felt that the privacy and security concerns would not prevent adoption. Additional research is needed on larger and more representative samples of survivors to understand what types of support and education are needed to effectively implement ePHRs. PMID:25276495

  5. Developing a method and deriving an uncertainty budget for the internal calibration of dosemeters for radiographic equipment.

    PubMed

    Worrall, M; Sutton, D G

    2015-03-01

    Any institution wishing to perform an internal cross calibration of its diagnostic dosemeters should first quantify the uncertainty associated with this to demonstrate that it remains appropriate for the measurements being undertaken.An uncertainty budget for internal cross calibration that covers a range of locally used dosemeters has been derived using the methodology of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The specific internal cross calibration protocol requirements necessary for this uncertainty budget to be valid are discussed.The final quantified uncertainty is 5.31%; this is dominated by the 5% uncertainty associated with the calibration of the reference instrument. The next largest contributions are from differences in temperature and pressure and dosemeter energy dependence.It has been demonstrated that with careful adherence to a well designed internal cross calibration protocol, dosemeters can be calibrated in-house against a calibrated reference dosemeter with very little increase in the associated calibration uncertainty. PMID:25651390

  6. A gamma/neutron-discriminating, Cooled, Optically Stimulated Luminescence (COSL) dosemeter

    SciTech Connect

    Eschbach, P.A.; Miller, S.D.

    1992-07-01

    The Cooled Optically Stimulated Luminescence (COSL) of CaF{sub 2}:Mn (grain sizes from 0.1 to 100 microns) powder embedded in a hydrogenous matrix is reported as a function of fast-neutron dose. When all the CaF{sub 2}:Mn grains are interrogated at once, the COSL plastic dosemeters have a minimum detectable limit of 1 cSv fast neutrons; the gamma component from the bare {sup 252}cf exposure was determined with a separate dosemeter. We report here on a proton-recoil-based dosemeter that generates pulse height spectra, much like the scintillator of Hornyak, (2) to provide information on both the neutron and gamma dose.

  7. Independent evaluation of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters for environmental monitoring.

    PubMed

    Timilsina, Bindu; Gesell, Thomas F

    2011-01-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters (manufactured by Landauer®) are reported to have a high degree of environmental stability, high level of sensitivity and provide wide range of dose measuring capabilities from 0.05 mGy to 100 Gy. The optical read out method is fast and relatively simple and permits repeated read out, but few studies have been performed about its application in monitoring radiation in the environment. This study was initiated to independently test the performance of OSL dot dosemeters for the application of measuring doses of radiation in the outdoor environment. Testing was performed in the laboratory to evaluate reproducibility and stability and in the field to evaluate accuracy relative to calibrated high-pressure ionisation chambers. The results showed that OSL dot dosemeters had good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and field tests and met the performance requirements of standards of the American National Standards Institute. PMID:20947590

  8. A fibre optic scintillator dosemeter for absorbed dose measurements of low-energy X-ray-emitting brachytherapy sources.

    PubMed

    Sliski, Alan; Soares, Christopher; Mitch, Michael G

    2006-01-01

    A newly developed dosemeter using a 0.5 mm diameter x 0.5 mm thick cylindrical plastic scintillator coupled to the end of a fibre optic cable is capable of measuring the absorbed dose rate in water around low-activity, low-energy X-ray emitters typically used in prostate brachytherapy. Recent tests of this dosemeter showed that it is possible to measure the dose rate as a function of distance in water from 2 to 30 mm of a (103)Pd source of air-kerma strength 3.4 U (1 U = 1 microGy m(2) h(-1)), or 97 MBq (2.6 mCi) apparent activity, with good signal-to-noise ratio. The signal-to-noise ratio is only dependent on the integration time and background subtraction. The detector volume is enclosed in optically opaque, nearly water-equivalent materials so that there is no polar response other than that due to the shape of the scintillator volume chosen, in this case cylindrical. The absorbed dose rate very close to commercial brachytherapy sources can be mapped in an automated water phantom, providing a 3-D dose distribution with sub-millimeter spatial resolution. The sensitive volume of the detector is 0.5 mm from the end of the optically opaque waterproof housing, enabling measurements at very close distances to sources. The sensitive detector electronics allow the measurement of very low dose rates, as exist at centimeter distances from these sources. The detector is also applicable to mapping dose distributions from more complex source geometries such as eye applicators for treating macular degeneration. PMID:16782747

  9. The development of an indoor mobility course for the evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids for persons who are visually impaired

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uta Regina Roentgen; Gert Jan Gelderblom; Luc P. de Witte

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To develop a suitable mobility course for the assessment of mobility performance as part of a user evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation.Method: A review of the literature led to a list of critical factors for the assessment of mobility performance of persons who are visually impaired. Based upon that list, method, test

  10. The Development of an Indoor Mobility Course for the Evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roentgen, Uta R.; Gelderblom, Gert Jan; de Witte, Luc P.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To develop a suitable mobility course for the assessment of mobility performance as part of a user evaluation of Electronic Mobility Aids (EMA) aimed at obstacle detection and orientation. Method: A review of the literature led to a list of critical factors for the assessment of mobility performance of persons who are visually impaired.…

  11. Performance characteristics of neutron personnel dosemeters used in the Oak Ridge intercomparison studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Swaja

    1987-01-01

    To provide an opportunity for dosimetrists to test and calibrate their neutron personnel monitoring systems, the staff of the Dosimetry Applications Research Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has conducted personnel dosimetry intercomparison studies (PDIS) periodically since 1974. During these studies, neutron dosemeters are mailed to ORNL, exposed to low-level (less than 15 mSv) dose equivalents in a

  12. Influence of dosemeter position for the assessment of eye lens dose during interventional cardiology.

    PubMed

    Principi, Sara; Ginjaume, Mercè; Duch, Maria Amor; Sánchez, Roberto M; Fernández, Jose M; Vano, Eliseo

    2015-04-01

    The equivalent dose limit for the eye lens for occupational exposure recommended by the ICRP has been reduced to 20 mSv y(-1) averaged over defined periods of 5 y, with no single year exceeding 50 mSv. The compliance with this new requirement could not be easy in some workplace such as interventional radiology and cardiology. The aim of this study is to evaluate different possible approaches in order to have a good estimate of the eye lens dose during interventional procedures. Measurements were performed with an X-ray system Philips Allura FD-10, using a PMMA phantom to simulate the patient scattered radiation and a Rando phantom to simulate the cardiologist. Thermoluminescence (TL) whole-body and TL eye lens dosemeters together with Philips DoseAware active dosemeters were located on different positions of the Rando phantom to estimate the eye lens dose in typical cardiology procedures. The results show that, for the studied conditions, any of the analysed dosemeter positions are suitable for eye lens dose assessment. However, the centre of the thyroid collar and the left ear position provide a better estimate. Furthermore, in practice, improper use of the ceiling-suspended screen can produce partial protection of some parts of the body, and thus large differences between the measured doses and the actual exposure of the eye could arise if the dosemeter is not situated close to the eye. PMID:25514919

  13. Personal Electronic Health Records: Understanding User Requirements and Needs in Chronic Cancer Care

    PubMed Central

    Winkler, Eva; Kamradt, Martina; Längst, Gerda; Eckrich, Felicitas; Heinze, Oliver; Bergh, Bjoern; Szecsenyi, Joachim; Ose, Dominik

    2015-01-01

    Background The integration of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) is becoming increasingly important in reorganizing health care. Adapting ICTs as supportive tools to users' needs and daily practices is vital for adoption and use. Objective In order to develop a Web-based personal electronic health record (PEPA), we explored user requirements and needs with regard to desired information and functions. Methods A qualitative study across health care sectors and health professions was conducted in a regional health care setting in Germany. Overall, 10 semistructured focus groups were performed, collecting views of 3 prospective user groups: patients with colorectal cancer (n=12) and representatives from patient support groups (n=2), physicians (n=17), and non-medical HCPs (n=16). Data were audio- and videotaped, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results For both patients and HCPs, it was central to have a tool representing the chronology of illness and its care processes, for example, patients wanted to track their long-term laboratory findings (eg, tumor markers). Designing health information in a patient accessible way was highlighted as important. Users wanted to have general and tumor-specific health information available in a PEPA. Functions such as filtering information and adding information by patients (eg, on their well-being or electronic communication with HCPs via email) were discussed. Conclusions In order to develop a patient/user centered tool that is tailored to user needs, it is essential to address their perspectives. A challenge for implementation will be how to design PEPA’s health data in a patient accessible way. Adequate patient support and technical advice for users have to be addressed. PMID:25998006

  14. Electron dosimetry with thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE).

    PubMed

    Wieters, C U; Kriegseis, W; Petel, M; Scharmann, A

    1984-09-01

    The dependence of exoelectron emission from BeO and Al2O3 on primary electron energy has been measured over the 200 keV to 1.2 MeV range. Two types of measurements are made, firstly with the isotopes 90Sr + 90Y, 147Pm, 204Tl, and secondly for BeO with monoenergetic electrons from an accelerator. The TSEE response of covered BeO-dosemeters (cover of 7 mg cm-2 polyethylene) is independent from electron energies in the 200 to 700 keV range for constant equivalent doses (ICRP 21). The experimental results for uncovered TSEE-dosemeters and electron fluences are in agreement with calculations performed using a Monte Carlo program developed by Seltzer and Berger. The TSEE responses for electrons and photons in equivalent dose units are very similar. A lower detection limit of 20 mu Gy (absorbed dose in air) is found for this dosemeter. PMID:6483974

  15. [A personal system of automated planning of microprocessor printing plates for radio-electronic medical equipment].

    PubMed

    Gala?, Iu P; Kukhlevski?, V S; Ul'ianov, S V

    1989-01-01

    Personal CAD/CAM for graphic projection and manufacture of microprocessor PCB masks, input information-carrying medium and numeric controlled lathes has been designed. CAD/CAM instrument-software could be interfaced to an APRICOT type PC and to the USSR-manufactured equipment. Personal CAD/CAM is considered as a person-machine system and works in the automatic and semi-automatic modes. The convertor program, which is included into the software allows one to use the present CAD/CAM system with the alternative USSR and foreign manufactured systems. PMID:2770499

  16. Application of solid state integrating dosemeters to the determination of biologically equivalent doses in space.

    PubMed

    Yasuda, H

    2002-01-01

    If the biological responses are well approximated by the efficiencies of solid-state integrating dosemeters (SSID), the biologically equivalent doses can be simply estimated using SSID. For demonstrating the applicability of this method to space radiation dosimetry, biologically equivalent doses for two biological endpoints (enzyme inactivation and cell survival) were evaluated in the 8.8 d Shuttle-Mir mission (STS-89) using three commercial thermoluminescence dosemeters: Mg2SiO4:Tb, BeO:Na and 7LiF:Mg,Ti. The approximate biologically equivalent doses at two positions in the Spacehab module were found to be significantly different for trypsin inactivation, whereas they were almost identical for mammalian cell survival. PMID:12382929

  17. Field calibration of dosemeters used for routine measurements at flight altitudes.

    PubMed

    Wissmann, F; Burmeister, S; Dönsdorf, E; Heber, B; Hubiak, M; Klages, T; Langner, F; Möller, T; Meier, M

    2010-08-01

    Intercomparisons of dosemeters used in radiation protection are performed routinely in reference radiation fields under well-defined conditions. In the case of the radiation protection of aircrew members, such reference fields either do not exist or they can be partially simulated by accelerator-based fields. Another method is to perform simultaneous measurements on board an aircraft under constant flight conditions, i.e. at defined latitude, longitude and altitude. The intercomparison presented in this work is the second one of its kind. As reference instruments, two types of tissue-equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) were used in comparison with different silicon detector systems. The excellent agreement of the FDOScalc code, which is based on measurements made by PTB during different phases of solar cycle 23 with the TEPC measurements and the results of the preceding project "Coordinated Access to Aircraft for Transnational Environmental Research" (CAATER) even allows the in-field calibration of the Si dosemeters. PMID:20484163

  18. Digital divide: Use of electronic personal health record by different population groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eung-Hun Kim; Yongmin Kim

    2010-01-01

    Personal Health Record (PHR) has been increasingly recognized and actively promoted by the federal government, experts and industry as an important tool for improving healthcare in the U.S. However, the PHR use by patients and its utility have not been studied well. We have evaluated a web-based PHR in multiple locations covering diverse population groups. The study sites included a

  19. A randomized trial comparing in person and electronic interventions for improving adherence to oral medications in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Velligan, Dawn; Mintz, Jim; Maples, Natalie; Xueying, Li; Gajewski, Stephanie; Carr, Heather; Sierra, Cynthia

    2013-09-01

    Poor adherence to medication leads to symptom exacerbation and interferes with the recovery process for patients with schizophrenia. Following baseline assessment, 142 patients in medication maintenance at a community mental health center were randomized to one of 3 treatments for 9 months: (1) PharmCAT, supports including pill containers, signs, alarms, checklists and the organization of belongings established in weekly home visits from a PharmCAT therapist; (2) Med-eMonitor (MM), an electronic medication monitor that prompts use of medication, cues the taking of medication, warns patients when they are taking the wrong medication or taking it at the wrong time, record complaints, and, through modem hookup, alerts treatment staff of failures to take medication as prescribed; (3) Treatment as Usual (TAU). All patients received the Med-eMonitor device to record medication adherence. The device was programmed for intervention only in the MM group. Data on symptoms, global functioning, and contact with emergency services and police were obtained every 3 months. Repeated measures analyses of variance for mixed models indicated that adherence to medication was significantly better in both active conditions than in TAU (both p<0.0001). Adherence in active treatments ranged from 90-92% compared to 73% in TAU based on electronic monitoring. In-person and electronic interventions significantly improved adherence to medication, but that did not translate to improved clinical outcomes. Implications for treatment and health care costs are discussed. PMID:23086987

  20. Electron Beam Computed Tomographic Coronary Calcium Scanning: A Review and Guidelines for Use in Asymptomatic Persons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN A. RUMBERGER; BRUCE H. BRUNDAGE; DANIEL J. RADER; GEORGE KONDOS

    1999-01-01

    Coronary artery disease is the No. 1 cause of death in the developed world. Effective means of treatment such as drug therapy to lower cholesterol levels are available, but clinical application to patients at highest risk remains imprecise. Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) has been suggested as a means to diagnose subclinical coronary disease and facilitate risk stratification, but no

  1. The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

  2. Characterising Passive Dosemeters for Dosimetry of Biological Experiments in Space (dobies)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vanhavere, Filip; Spurny, Frantisek; Yukihara, Eduardo; Genicot, Jean-Louis

    Introduction: The DOBIES (Dosimetry of biological experi-ments in space) project focusses on the use of a stan-dard dosimetric method (as a combination of differ-ent passive techniques) to measure accurately the absorbed doses and equivalent doses in biological samples. Dose measurements on biological samples are of high interest in the fields of radiobiology and exobiology. Radiation doses absorbed by biological samples must be quantified to be able to determine the relationship between observed biological effects and the radiation dose. The radiation field in space is very complex, con-sisting of protons, neutrons, electrons and high-energy heavy charged particles. It is not straightfor-ward to measure doses in this radiation field, cer-tainly not with only small and light passive doseme-ters. The properties of the passive detectors must be tested in radiation fields that are representative of the space radiation. We will report on the characterisation of different type of passive detectors at high energy fields. The results from such characterisation measurements will be applied to recent exposures of detectors on the International Space Station. Material and methods: Following passive detectors are used: • thermoluminescent detectors (TLD) • optically stimulated luminescence detectors (OSLD) • track etch detectors (TED) The different groups have participated in the past to the ICCHIBAN series of irradiations. Here protons and other particles of high energy were used to de-termine the LET-dependency of the passive detec-tors. The last few months, new irradiations have been done at the iThemba labs (100-200 MeV protons), Dubna (145 MeV protons) and the JRC-IRMM (quasi mono energetic neutrons up to 19 MeV). All these detectors were also exposed to a simulated space radiation field at CERN (CERF-field). Discussion: The interpretation of the TLD and OSLD results is done using the measured LET spectrum (TED) and the LET-dependency curves of ths TLD and OSLDs. These LET- dependency curves are determined based on the different irradiations listed above. We will report on the results of the different detectors in these fields. Further information on the LET of the space irradia-tion can be deduced from the ratio of the different peaks of the TLDs after glow curve deconvolution, and from the shape of the decay curve of the OSLDs. The results in the CERF field can on the other hand directly being used as a calibration for space radia-tion fields. Conclusion: Combining different passive detectors will lead to improved information on the radiation field, and thus to a better estimation of the absorbed dose to the bio-logical samples. We use the characterisations on high energy accelerators to improve the estimation of some recent space doses.

  3. Use of electronic personal health record systems to encourage HIV screening: an exploratory study of patient and provider perspectives

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background When detected, HIV can be effectively treated with antiretroviral therapy. Nevertheless in the U.S. approximately 25% of those who are HIV-infected do not know it. Much remains unknown about how to increase HIV testing rates. New Internet outreach methods have the potential to increase disease awareness and screening among patients, especially as electronic personal health records (PHRs) become more widely available. In the US Department of Veterans' Affairs medical care system, 900,000 veterans have indicated an interest in receiving electronic health-related communications through the PHR. Therefore we sought to evaluate the optimal circumstances and conditions for outreach about HIV screening. In an exploratory, qualitative research study we examined patient and provider perceptions of Internet-based outreach to increase HIV screening among veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health care system. Findings We conducted two rounds of focus groups with veterans and healthcare providers at VHA medical centers. The study's first phase elicited general perceptions of an electronic outreach program to increase screening for HIV, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Using phase 1 results, outreach message texts were drafted and then presented to participants in the second phase. Analysis followed modified grounded theory. Patients and providers indicated that electronic outreach through a PHR would provide useful information and would motivate patients to be screened for HIV. Patients believed that electronic information would be more convenient and understandable than information provided verbally. Patients saw little difference between messages about HIV versus about diabetes and cholesterol. Providers, however, felt patients would disapprove of HIV-related messages due to stigma. Providers expected increased workload from the electronic outreach, and thus suggested adding primary care resources and devising methods to smooth the flow of patients getting screened. When provided a choice between unsecured emails versus PHRs as the delivery mechanism for disease screening messages, both patients and providers preferred PHRs. Conclusions There is considerable potential to use PHR systems for electronic outreach and social marketing to communicate to patients about, and increase rates of, disease screening, including for HIV. Planning for direct-to-patient communications through PHRs should include providers and address provider reservations, especially about workload increases. PMID:21843313

  4. Spectral correction factors for conventional neutron dosemeters used in high-energy neutron environments.

    PubMed

    Lee, K W; Sheu, R J

    2015-04-01

    High-energy neutrons (>10 MeV) contribute substantially to the dose fraction but result in only a small or negligible response in most conventional moderated-type neutron detectors. Neutron dosemeters used for radiation protection purpose are commonly calibrated with (252)Cf neutron sources and are used in various workplace. A workplace-specific correction factor is suggested. In this study, the effect of the neutron spectrum on the accuracy of dose measurements was investigated. A set of neutron spectra representing various neutron environments was selected to study the dose responses of a series of Bonner spheres, including standard and extended-range spheres. By comparing (252)Cf-calibrated dose responses with reference values based on fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients, this paper presents recommendations for neutron field characterisation and appropriate correction factors for responses of conventional neutron dosemeters used in environments with high-energy neutrons. The correction depends on the estimated percentage of high-energy neutrons in the spectrum or the ratio between the measured responses of two Bonner spheres (the 4P6_8 extended-range sphere versus the 6? standard sphere). PMID:25280480

  5. Efficiency of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter for low-earth-orbit space radiation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yasuda, H.; Fujitaka, K.; Badhwar, G. D. (Principal Investigator)

    2002-01-01

    Chips of a radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeter (RPLG) were used for measurements of space radiation during a 9.8 d Shuttle-Mir mission (STS-91) at an altitude of 400 km and an inclination of 51.65 degrees. Two of RPLG chips were put into each of 59 positions in or on a life-size human phantom. The RPLG values equivalent to 137Cs gamma ray absorbed doses were found to be systematically lower than those of a Mg2SiO4:Tb thermoluminescence dosemeter (TDMS). In comparison with the organ or tissue absorbed dose and dose equivalent values that were estimated using a combination of TDMS and plastic nuclear track detectors, the efficiencies of the RPLG chips were about 80% for the water absorbed dose and about 40% for the dose equivalent. Whereas the percentage values will change during different missions, such additional information obtained from small RPLG chips is useful for improving the reliability of radiation dosimetry in space.

  6. Measurement models for passive dosemeters in view of uncertainty evaluation using the Monte Carlo method.

    PubMed

    van Dijk, J W E

    2014-12-01

    Two measurement models for passive dosemeters such as thermoluminescent dosemeter, optically stimulated luminescence, radio-photoluminescence, photographic film or track etch are discussed. The first model considers the dose evaluation with the reading equipment as a single measurement, the one-stage model. The second model considers the build-up of a latent signal or latent image in the detector during exposure and the evaluation using a reader system as two separate measurements, the two-stage model. It is discussed that the two-stage model better reflects the cause and effect relations and the course of events in the daily practice of a routine dosimetry service. The one-stage model will be non-linear in crucial input quantities which can give rise to erroneous behavior of the uncertainty evaluation based on the law of propagation of uncertainty. Input quantities that show an asymmetric probability distributions propagate through the one-stage model in a physically not relevant way. PMID:24464818

  7. A global travelers' electronic health record template standard for personal health records.

    PubMed

    Li, Yu-Chuan; Detmer, Don E; Shabbir, Syed-Abdul; Nguyen, Phung Anh; Jian, Wen-Shan; Mihalas, George I; Shortliffe, Edward H; Tang, Paul; Haux, Reinhold; Kimura, Michio

    2012-01-01

    Tourism as well as international business travel creates health risks for individuals and populations both in host societies and home countries. One strategy to reduce health-related risks to travelers is to provide travelers and relevant caregivers timely, ongoing access to their own health information. Many websites offer health advice for travelers. For example, the WHO and US Department of State offer up-to-date health information about countries relevant to travel. However, little has been done to assure travelers that their medical information is available at the right place and time when the need might arise. Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) utilizing mobile phones for health management are promising tools both for the delivery of healthcare services and the promotion of personal health. This paper describes the project developed by international informaticians under the umbrella of the International Medical Informatics Association. A template capable of becoming an international standard is proposed. This application is available free to anyone who is interested. Furthermore, its source code is made open. PMID:21849333

  8. Detecting the Use of Intentionally Transmitting Personal Electronic Devices Onboard Commercial Aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woods, Randy; Ely, Jay J.; Vahala, Linda

    2003-01-01

    The need to detect unauthorized usage of intentionally transmitting portable electronic devices (PEDs) onboard commercial aircraft is growing, while still allowing passengers to use selected unintentionally transmitting devices, such as laptop computers and CD players during non-critical stages of flight. The following paper presents an installed system for detecting PEDs over multiple frequency bands. Additionally, the advantages of a fixed verses mobile system are discussed. While data is presented to cover the frequency range of 20 MHz to 6.5 GHz, special attention was given to the Cellular/PCS bands as well as Bluetooth and the FRS radio bands. Measurement data from both the semi-anechoic and reverberation chambers are then analyzed and correlated with data collected onboard a commercial aircraft to determine the dominant mode of coupling inside the passenger cabin of the aircraft versus distance from the source. As a final check of system feasibility, several PEDs transmission signatures were recorded and compared with the expected levels.

  9. Adoption, non-adoption, and abandonment of a personal electronic health record: case study of HealthSpace

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the policy making process, implementation by NHS organisations, and patients’ and carers’ experiences of efforts to introduce an internet accessible personal electronic health record (HealthSpace) in a public sector healthcare system. Design Mixed method, multilevel case study. Setting English National Health Service; the basic HealthSpace technology (available throughout England) and the advanced version (available in a few localities where this option had been introduced) were considered. Main outcome measures National statistics on invitations sent, HealthSpace accounts created, and interviews and ethnographic observation of patients and carers. Data analysis was informed by a socio-technical approach which considered macro and micro influences on both adoption and non-adoption of innovations, and by the principles of critical discourse analysis. Participants 56 patients and carers (of whom 21 opened a basic HealthSpace account, 20 had diabetes but were not initially using HealthSpace, and 15 used advanced HealthSpace accounts to exchange messages with their general practitioner), 3000 pages of documents (policies, strategies, business plans, minutes of meetings, correspondence), observational field notes, and 160 interviews with policy makers, project managers, and clinical staff. Results Between 2007 and October 2010, 172?950 people opened a basic HealthSpace account. 2913 (0.13% of those invited) opened an advanced account, compared with 5-10% of the population anticipated in the original business case. Overall, patients perceived HealthSpace as neither useful nor easy to use and its functionality aligned poorly with their expectations and self management practices. Those who used email-style messaging were positive about its benefits, but enthusiasm beyond three early adopter clinicians was low, and fewer than 100 of 30?000 patients expressed interest. Policy makers’ hopes that “deploying” HealthSpace would lead to empowered patients, personalised care, lower NHS costs, better data quality, and improved health literacy were not realised over the three year evaluation period. Conclusion Unless personal electronic health records align closely with people’s attitudes, self management practices, identified information needs, and the wider care package (including organisational routines and incentive structures for clinicians), the risk that they will be abandoned or not adopted at all is substantial. Conceptualising such records dynamically (as components of a socio-technical network) rather than statically (as containers for data) and employing user centred design techniques might improve their chances of adoption and use. The findings raise questions about how eHealth programmes in England are developed and approved at policy level. PMID:21081595

  10. Calibration of dosemeters used in mammography with different X ray qualities: EUROMET project no. 526.

    PubMed

    Witzani, J; Bjerke, H; Bochud, F; Csete, I; Denoziere, M; de Vries, W; Ennow, K; Grindborg, J E; Hourdakis, C; Kosunen, A; Kramer, H M; Pernick, F; Sander, T

    2004-01-01

    The effect of different X ray radiation qualities on the calibration of mammographic dosemeters was investigated within the framework of a EUROMET (European Collaboration in Measurement Standards) project. The calibration coefficients for two ionization chambers and two semiconductor detectors were established in 13 dosimetry calibration laboratories for radiation qualities used in mammography. They were compared with coefficients for other radiation qualities, including those defined in ISO 4037-1, with first half value layers in the mammographic range. The results indicate that the choice of the radiation quality is not crucial for instruments with a small energy dependence of the response. However, the radiation quality has to be chosen carefully if instruments with a marked dependence of their response to the radiation energy are calibrated. PMID:14974603

  11. Investigation of dosimetric characteristics of the high sensitivity LiF:Mg,Cu,P Thermoluminescent Dosemeter and its applications in diagnostic radiology—a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl K. L Fung

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated the dosimetric properties of the high sensitivity TLD (Thermoluminescent Dosemeter) of LiF:Mg,Cu,P and its applications in diagnostic radiology. A reproducible readout and annealing regime for this high sensitivity TLD was developed in the initial part of this study with the newly installed automatic TLD Reader system. Basic dosimetric characteristics of this T.L. dosemeter were then investigated. This

  12. Energy response of LiF:Mg, Ti dosemeters to ISO 4037 and typical diagnostic x-ray beams in Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W E Muhogora; W N Ngoye; D Mwalongo

    2002-01-01

    The energy response of three types of LiF:Mg, Ti dosemeter to standard x-ray calibration qualities and diagnostic x-rays has been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the inherent mismatch between these qualities compromises the accuracy of the evaluated occupational doses in diagnostic x-ray facilities. A sample of 10 dosemeters of each type was exposed to air

  13. Assessment of risks of EMI for personal medical electronic devices (PMEDs) from emissions of millimeter-wave security screening systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witters, Donald; Bassen, Howard; Guag, Joshua; Addissie, Bisrat; LaSorte, Nickolas; Rafai, Hazem

    2013-06-01

    This paper describes research and testing of a representative group of high priority body worn and implantable personal medical electronic devices (PMEDs) for exposure to millimeter wave (MMW) advanced imaging technology (AIT) security systems used at airports. The sample PMEDs included in this study were implantable cardiac pacemakers, ICDs, neurostimulators and insulin pumps. These PMEDs are designed and tested for susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI) under the present standards for medical device electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). However, the present standards for medical equipment do not address exposure to the much higher frequency fields that are emitted by MMW security systems. Initial AIT emissions measurements were performed to assess the PMED and passenger exposures. Testing protocols were developed and testing methods were tailored to the type of PMED. In addition, a novel exposure simulation system was developed to allow controlled EMC testing without the need of the MMW AIT system. Methodology, test results, and analysis are presented, along with an assessment of the human exposure and risks for PMED users. The results on this study reveal no effects on the medical devices from the exposure to the MMW security system. Furthermore, the human exposure measurements and analysis showed levels well below applicable standard, and the risks for PMED users and others we assessed to be very low. These findings apply to the types of PMEDs used in the study though these findings might suggest that the risks for other, similar PMEDs would likely be similar.

  14. Progress report of the CR-39 neutron personal monitoring service at PSI.

    PubMed

    Fiechtner, A; Boschung, M; Wernli, C

    2007-01-01

    At the Paul Scherrer Institute a personal neutron dosimetry system based on chemically etched CR-39 detectors and automatic track counting is in routine use since the beginning of 1998. The quality of the CR-39 detectors has always been a crucial aspect to maintain a trustable personal neutron dosimetry system. This paper summarises the 7 y experience in routine use. The effect of detector material defects which could lead to false positive neutron doses is described. The potentiality of improving the background statistics by extending the pre-etch time is investigated and involves as a drawback a quite lower sensitivity to thermal neutrons. Furthermore, the impact of small changes in the production process of the detectors on the response to fast and thermal neutrons is shown. For the personal dosimetry at CERN, a new dosimetry concept was launched by combining a CR-39 neutron dosemeter with a Direct-Ion Storage (DIS) dosemeter for photon and beta radiation. The usage period of the CR-39 dosemeters is prolonged now from 3 months up to 12 months. In this context, the long-term behaviour over 1 y of the background track density and the response to Am-Be are described. PMID:17038406

  15. Improving medication management after a hospitalization with pharmacist home visits and electronic personal health records: an observational study

    PubMed Central

    Kogut, Stephen Jon; Goldstein, Elaina; Charbonneau, Camille; Jackson, Anita; Patry, Gail

    2014-01-01

    Background Substantial opportunity exists to improve medication management in the period following a hospital discharge. The objective of this study was to assess and improve medication management during care transitions through pharmacist home visits and the use of an electronic personal health record (ePHR) system. Methods Recently discharged patients aged 50 years or older and having a chronic medical condition were offered the opportunity to meet with a pharmacist in the home setting to review medication instructions and receive a demonstration of an ePHR system. Patients agreeable to using the ePHR system were offered pharmacist support with setting up the ePHR system, having emphasis on documenting and reviewing medication regimens. Medication-related problems identified by the pharmacist during the visit were categorized according to ePHR use and by other characteristics. Results Thirty recently discharged patients with chronic disease were visited by a pharmacist over a 6-month period. The percentage of medication-related problems identified by the pharmacist was greater among those patients who agreed to use the ePHR system, as compared with patients whose visit did not include use of the ePHR (75% versus 40%, respectively; P=0.06). Differing types of medication-related problems were identified, including therapy duplications, lack of use of clinically important therapies, and patient nonadherence. Conclusion For some patients, the home setting can be a suitable venue for medication review and education after discharge from hospital. Assisting patients with setting up the ePHR system may enhance pharmacists’ ability to identify and resolve medication-related problems that may lead to rehospitalization. PMID:24465136

  16. Dose response of commercially available optically stimulated luminescent detector, Al2O3:C for megavoltage photons and electrons.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong Wook; Chung, Weon Kuu; Shin, Dong Oh; Yoon, Myonggeun; Hwang, Ui-Jung; Rah, Jeong-Eun; Jeong, Hojin; Lee, Sang Yeob; Shin, Dongho; Lee, Se Byeong; Park, Sung Yong

    2012-04-01

    This study examined the dose response of an optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter (OSLD) to megavoltage photon and electron beams. A nanoDot™ dosemeter was used to measure the dose response of the OSLD. Photons of 6-15 MV and electrons of 9-20 MeV were delivered by a Varian 21iX machine (Varian Medical System, Inc. Milpitas, CA, USA). The energy dependency was <1 %. For the 6-MV photons, the dose was linear until 200 cGy. The superficial dose measurements revealed photon irradiation to have an angular dependency. The nanoDot™ dosemeter has potential use as an in vivo dosimetric tool that is independent of the energy, has dose linearity and a rapid response compared with normal in vivo dosimetric tools, such as thermoluminescence detectors. However, the OSLD must be treated very carefully due to the high angular dependency of the photon beam. PMID:21636557

  17. Uncertainties associated with the use of optically stimulated luminescence in personal dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Benevides, L; Romanyukha, A; Hull, F; Duffy, M; Voss, S; Moscovitch, M

    2011-03-01

    This study investigates several sources of uncertainty associated with the application of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) to personal dosimetry. A commercial OSL system based on Al(2)O(3):C was used for this study. First, it is demonstrated that the concept of repeated evaluation (readout) of the same dosemeter, often referred to as 're-analysis', can introduce uncertainty in the re-estimated dose. This uncertainty is associated with the fact that the re-analysis process depletes some of the populated traps, resulting in a continuous decrease of the OSL signal with each repeated reading. Furthermore, the rate of depletion may be dose-dependent. Second, it is shown that the previously reported light-induced fading in this system is the result of light leaks through miniature openings in the dosemeter badge. PMID:21450702

  18. On optically stimulated luminescence properties of household salt as a retrospective dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Timar-Gabor, Alida; Trandafir, Oana

    2013-08-01

    Thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) in the UV (270-370 nm) spectral region have been investigated for five types of table salt (NaCl) available in Romanian supermarkets with a view to applying them in retrospective dosimetry. The salt samples gave bright TL signals with two main peaks at ?100°C and at 300 or 260°C, depending on the origin of the salt and bright OSL signals under continuous stimulation with blue light. The OSL signal (stimulated at 100°C after a pre-heat of 10 s at 150°C) was used for investigations in a standard multiple aliquot procedure. The dose-response was found to be linear in the dose range investigated (up to ?100 mGy) and the lower limit of detection for the samples varied from ?0.01 to 14 mGy. These characteristics, along with the widespread abundance and low cost of household salt, confirm its potential as a retrospective dosemeter. PMID:23443414

  19. Personal Genomics, Personalized Medicine,

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    Personal Genomics, Personalized Medicine, & YOU Carrie Iwema, PhD, MLS 21st May 2012 AAAS/Science Translational Medicine panel discussion; MLA 2012 #12;Timeline: Human Genome Sequence HSLS, U.Pitt 1995 2014 2000 2003 2007 2007 2010 Human Genome Draft Sequence Complete Human Reference Genome Individual Human

  20. Some personal and historical notes on the utility of “deep-etch” electron microscopy for making cell structure/function correlations

    PubMed Central

    Heuser, John E.

    2014-01-01

    This brief essay talks up the advantages of metal replicas for electron microscopy and explains why they are still the best way to image frozen cells in the electron microscope. Then it explains our approach to freezing, namely the Van Harreveld trick of “slamming” living cells onto a supercold block of metal sprayed with liquid helium at ?269ºC, and further talks up this slamming over the alternative of high-pressure freezing, which is much trickier but enjoys greater favor at the moment. This leads me to bemoan the fact that there are not more young investigators today who want to get their hands on electron microscopes and use our approach to get the most “true to life” views of cells out of them with a minimum of hassle. Finally, it ends with a few perspectives on my own career and concludes that, personally, I'm permanently stuck with the view of the “founding fathers” that cell ultrastructure will ultimately display and explain all of cell function, or as Palade said in his Nobel lecture,electron micrographs are “irresistible and half transparent … their meaning buried under only a few years of work,” and “reasonable working hypotheses are already suggested by the ultrastructural organization itself.” PMID:25360049

  1. The Impact of Electronic Bibliographic Databases and Electronic Journal Articles on the Scholar's Information-Seeking Behavior and Personal Collection of "Reprints" 

    E-print Network

    McGeachin, Robert B.

    2004-01-01

    This article examines the potential changes to the information seeking behavior of scholars and how they manage their own collection of research article “reprints”. With bibliographic databases and electronic journals provided by academic libraries...

  2. Characterisation of energy response of Al(2)O(3):C optically stimulated luminescent dosemeters (OSLDs) using cavity theory.

    PubMed

    Scarboro, S B; Kry, S F

    2013-01-01

    Aluminium oxide (Al(2)O(3):C) is a common material used in optically stimulated luminescent dosemeters (OSLDs). OSLDs have a known energy dependence, which can impact on the accuracy of dose measurements, especially for lower photon energies, where the dosemeter can overrespond by a factor of 3-4. The purpose of this work was to characterise the response of Al(2)O(3):C using cavity theory and to evaluate the applicability of this approach for polyenergetic photon beams. The cavity theory energy response showed good agreement (within 2 %) with the corresponding measured values. A comparison with measured values reported in the literature for low-energy polyenergetic spectra showed more varied agreement (within 6 % on average). The discrepancy between these results is attributed to differences in the raw photon energy spectra used to calculate the energy response. Analysis of the impact of the photon energy spectra versus the mean photon energy showed improved accuracy if the energy response was determined using the entire photon spectrum rather than the mean photon energy. If not accounted for, the overresponse due to photon energy could introduce substantial inaccuracy in dose measurement using OSLDs, and the results of this study indicate that cavity theory may be used to determine the response with reasonable accuracy. PMID:22653437

  3. Measurement of the fluence response of the GSI neutron ball dosemeter in the energy range from thermal to 19 MeV.

    PubMed

    Fehrenbacher, G; Kozlova, E; Gutermuth, F; Radon, T; Schütz, R; Nolte, R; Böttger, R

    2007-01-01

    At high-energy particle accelerators, area monitoring needs to be performed in a wide range of neutron energies. In principle, neutrons occur from thermal energies up to the energy of the accelerated ions, which is for the present GSI (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung) accelerator facility approximately 1-2 GeV per nucleon. There are no passive dosemeters available, which are designed for the use at high-energy accelerators. At GSI, a neutron dosemeter was developed, which is suitable for the measurement of high-energy neutron radiation by the insertion of a lead layer around Thermoluminescence (TL) detection elements (pairs of TL 600/700) at the centre of the dosemeter. The design of the sphere was derived from the construction of the extended range rem-counters for the measurement of ambient dose equivalent H(10). In this work, the dosemeter fluence response was measured in the quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields of the accelerator facility of the PTB in Braunschweig and in the thermal neutron field of the GKSS research reactor FRG-1 in Geesthacht. For the accelerator measurements, the reactions (7)Li(p,n)(7)Be, (3)H(p,n)(3)He and (2)H(d,n)(3)He were used to produce neutron fields with energy peaks between 144 keV and 19 MeV. The measured fluence responses are 27% too low for thermal energies and show an agreement with approximately 14% for the accelerator produced neutron fields related to the computed fluence responses (MCNP, FLUKA calculations). The measured as well as the computed fluence responses of the dosemeter are compared with the corresponding conversion coefficients. PMID:17561518

  4. A Study of the Intent to Fully Utilize Electronic Personal Health Records in the Context of Privacy and Trust

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Rhonda J.

    2012-01-01

    Government initiatives called for electronic health records for each individual healthcare consumer by 2014. The purpose of the initiatives is to provide for the common exchange of clinical information between healthcare consumers, healthcare providers, third-party payers and public healthcare officials. This exchange of healthcare information…

  5. A Study to Determine the Perception of Business Persons on Changing from a Traditional Office to the Electronic Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Geraldine A.; Ford, Jerry D.

    A study examined the attitudes of employers from 10 firms in northwest Arkansas toward changing from a traditional office to an electronic one. Even though the 10 employers represented 7 different categories of industry (construction, manufacturing, transportation and public utilities, wholesale and retail trade, finance and real estate, services,…

  6. [Human person and personalism].

    PubMed

    Sgreccia, Elio

    2013-01-01

    The first part of this article is an analysis of the historical and philosophical evolution of the concept of human person, from antiquity to present times, including an outline of its major developments. The second part deals critically with reductionist and empiricist positions -particularly Engelhardt's and of utilitarianism- exposing some of its practical implications in the realm of Bioethics. Finally the author concludes with an enunciation of what would constitute a conceptual basis for the ontological foundation of Personal Bioethics derived from the initial framework of intuitive ideas first outlined by Sgreccia in the eighties. PMID:23745824

  7. Personality disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorders are a group of mental health conditions in which a person has a long-term pattern ... Causes of personality disorders are unknown. Genetic and ... a role. Mental health professionals categorize these disorders ...

  8. Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan E. Zuckerman; George R. Kim

    A personal health record (PHR, also known as a personally controlled health record or PCHR) is “an electronic application\\u000a through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information, and that of others for whom they are authorized,\\u000a in a private, secure, and confidential environment.”1 PHRs are lifelong summaries of key information from all providers and include data gathered

  9. Correlation of the LET-dependent TL-response of LIF:Mg,Ti TL-dosemeters and gentoxic endpoints after proton irradiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Noll; E. Böck; P. Egger; C. Wolf; H. Rüdiger; N. Vana

    2000-01-01

    The high temperature ratio (HTR) method using LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescent dosemeters allows in addition to the measurement of absorbed dose, the evaluation of the biological effectiveness of radiation. In order to analyse the correlation of the measured parameter HTR and gentoxic endpoints irradiation of cell cultures and TLDs were performed in a 62 MeV proton beam. The gentoxic effects respectively the

  10. Personality Disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses. They involve long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that ... serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with everyday stresses and problems. ...

  11. Patient Experiences With Full Electronic Access to Health Records and Clinical Notes Through the My HealtheVet Personal Health Record Pilot: Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, Erin; Tuepker, Anais; Press, Nancy A; Nazi, Kim M; Turvey, Carolyn L; Nichol, W. Paul

    2013-01-01

    Background Full sharing of the electronic health record with patients has been identified as an important opportunity to engage patients in their health and health care. The My HealtheVet Pilot, the initial personal health record of the US Department of Veterans Affairs, allowed patients and their delegates to view and download content in their electronic health record, including clinical notes, laboratory tests, and imaging reports. Objective A qualitative study with purposeful sampling sought to examine patients’ views and experiences with reading their health records, including their clinical notes, online. Methods Five focus group sessions were conducted with patients and family members who enrolled in the My HealtheVet Pilot at the Portland Veterans Administration Medical Center, Oregon. A total of 30 patients enrolled in the My HealtheVet Pilot, and 6 family members who had accessed and viewed their electronic health records participated in the sessions. Results Four themes characterized patient experiences with reading the full complement of their health information. Patients felt that seeing their records positively affected communication with providers and the health system, enhanced knowledge of their health and improved self-care, and allowed for greater participation in the quality of their care such as follow-up of abnormal test results or decision-making on when to seek care. While some patients felt that seeing previously undisclosed information, derogatory language, or inconsistencies in their notes caused challenges, they overwhelmingly felt that having more, rather than less, of their health record information provided benefits. Conclusions Patients and their delegates had predominantly positive experiences with health record transparency and the open sharing of notes and test results. Viewing their records appears to empower patients and enhance their contributions to care, calling into question common provider concerns about the effect of full record access on patient well-being. While shared records may or may not impact overall clinic workload, it is likely to change providers’ work, necessitating new types of skills to communicate and partner with patients. PMID:23535584

  12. Personal Health Records: Empowering Consumers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marion J. Ball; Carla Smith; Richard S. Bakalar

    By empowering consumers, electronic personal health records (ePHRs, more commonly PHRs) will play a key role in the evolving electronically enabled health information environment. Consumers want to be more engaged in their own healthcare and are seeking out information online. Despite intense concerns about confidentiality and security, they have high expectations for electronic health information.The growth of patient self- management

  13. Relative HCP-to-gamma Thermoluminescent Efficiencies for TLD-100 Dosemeters Exposed to Low-energy Ions

    SciTech Connect

    Avila, O. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, AP 18-1027, 11801, DF (Mexico); Rodriguez-Villafuerte, M.; Buenfil, A. E.; Ruiz-Trejo, C.; Concha, K.; Brandan, M. E. [Instituto de Fisica, UNAM, AP 20-364, 01000, DF (Mexico); Aviles, P. [Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, AP 70-542, 04510, DF (Mexico); Gamboa de Buen, I. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, AP 70-543, 04510 DF (Mexico)

    2006-09-08

    This work presents data and calculations of (HCP)-to-gamma TLD-100 thermoluminescent efficiencies. Dosemeters were irradiated with low energy hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen ions. For nitrogen and oxygen two energies, corresponding to ''mirror'' values below and above the Bragg peak energy, were used to measure TL efficiencies for the same linear energy transfer (LET) entrance value. Efficiency results, both as a function of LET and energy, show distinct curves for each ion species. For energies above the Bragg peak energy, measurements show the well known tendency, efficiency values decrease with increasing LET. Data for energies lower than the Bragg peak display the opposite, efficiency increases with increasing LET. Results presented as a function of incident energy show that efficiency decreases with decreasing energy. For nitrogen and oxygen ions, the ''mirror'' measurements at higher energy (above the Bragg peak) are found to be 1.45 times greater than their low energy counterparts. Theoretical predictions based on Modified Track Structure Theory (MTST) show agreement with data within 40 % and predict the observed behavior, higher efficiency for higher ion energy.

  14. On the use of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters in space--a critical review.

    PubMed

    Horowitz, Y S; Satinger, D; Fuks, E; Oster, L; Podpalov, L

    2003-01-01

    The use of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters (TLDs) in space radiation fields is reviewed. It is demonstrated in the context of modified track structure theory and microdosimetric track structure theory that there is no unique correlation between the relative thermoluminescence (TL) efficiency of heavy charged particles, neutrons of all energies and linear energy transfer (LET). Many experimental measurements dating back more than two decades also demonstrate the multivalued, non-universal, relationship between relative TL efficiency and LET. It is further demonstrated that the relative intensities of the dosimetric peaks and especially the high-temperature structure are dependent on a large number of variables, some controllable, some not. It is concluded that TL techniques employing the concept of LET (e.g. measurement of total dose, the high-temperature ratio (HTR) methods and other combinations of the relative TL efficiency of the various peaks used to estimate average Q or simulate Q-LET relationships) should be regarded as lacking a sound theoretical basis, highly prone to error and, as well, lack of reproducibility/universality due to the absence of a standardised experimental protocol essential to reliable experimental methodology. PMID:14653322

  15. Organ dose and effective dose estimation in paediatric chest radiographic examinations by using pin silicon photodiode dosemeters.

    PubMed

    Kawasaki, Toshio; Aoyama, Takahiko; Yamauchi-Kawaura, Chiyo; Fujii, Keisuke; Koyama, Shuji

    2013-01-01

    Organ and effective doses during paediatric chest radiographic examination were investigated for various tube voltages between 60 and 110 kV at a constant milliampere-second value and focus-to-film distance by using an in-phantom dose measuring system and a Monte Carlo (MC) simulation software (PCXMC), where the former was composed of 32 photodiode dosemeters embedded in various tissue and organ sites within a 6-y-old child anthropomorphic phantom. Lung doses obtained ranged from 0.010 to 0.066 mGy and effective doses from 0.004 to 0.025 mSv, where these doses varied by a factor of 6 with the change in the tube voltage. Effective doses obtained using the MC simulation software agreed with those obtained using the dose measuring system within 23 %, revealing the usefulness of PCXMC software for evaluating effective doses. The present study would provide helpful dose data for the selection of technical parameters in paediatric chest radiography in Japan. PMID:23019596

  16. Alarm inhalation dosemeter for long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release

    SciTech Connect

    Streil, T.; Oeser, V. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Rambousky, R.; Buchholz, F. W. [SARAD GmbH, Wiesbadener Str. 10-20, D-01159 Dresden (Germany); Armed Forces Scientific Institute for Protection Technologies-NBC Protection PO.Box 1142, 29633 Munster (Germany)

    2008-08-07

    MyRIAM is the acronym for My Radioactivity In Air Monitor and points out that the device was designed for personal use to detect any radioactivity in the air at the place and at the moment of danger. The active air sampling process enables a detection limit several orders of magnitude below that of Gamma detectors. Therefore, it is the unique way to detect dangerous exposures in time.Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust (LLRD) saves human life and health. LLRD may occur in natural environment as well as in case of nuclear accidence or military and terrorist attacks. But in any case, the immediate warning of the population is of great importance. Keep in mind: it is very easy to avoid LLRD inhalation--but you have to recognize the imminent danger. The second requirement of gap-less documentation and reliable assessment of any derived LLRD exposure is building the link to Dosimetry applications.The paper demonstrates the possibility to design small and low cost air samplers, which can be used as personal alarm dosimeters and fulfil the requirements mentioned above.Several test measurements taken by a mobile phone sized MyRIAM, shall be used to demonstrate the correctness of this statement.

  17. Alarm inhalation dosemeter for long living radioactive dust due to an uncontrolled release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Streil, T.; Oeser, V.; Rambousky, R.; Buchholz, F. W.

    2008-08-01

    MyRIAM is the acronym for My Radioactivity In Air Monitor and points out that the device was designed for personal use to detect any radioactivity in the air at the place and at the moment of danger. The active air sampling process enables a detection limit several orders of magnitude below that of Gamma detectors. Therefore, it is the unique way to detect dangerous exposures in time. Individual protection against inhalation of long living radioactive dust (LLRD) saves human life and health. LLRD may occur in natural environment as well as in case of nuclear accidence or military and terrorist attacks. But in any case, the immediate warning of the population is of great importance. Keep in mind: it is very easy to avoid LLRD inhalation—but you have to recognize the imminent danger. The second requirement of gap-less documentation and reliable assessment of any derived LLRD exposure is building the link to Dosimetry applications. The paper demonstrates the possibility to design small and low cost air samplers, which can be used as personal alarm dosimeters and fulfil the requirements mentioned above. Several test measurements taken by a mobile phone sized MyRIAM, shall be used to demonstrate the correctness of this statement.

  18. Personal Dose Equivalent Conversion Coefficients For Photons To 1 GEV

    SciTech Connect

    Veinot, K. G.; Hertel, N. E.

    2010-09-27

    The personal dose equivalent, H{sub p}(d), is the quantity recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) to be used as an approximation of the protection quantity Effective Dose when performing personal dosemeter calibrations. The personal dose equivalent can be defined for any location and depth within the body. Typically, the location of interest is the trunk where personal dosemeters are usually worn and in this instance a suitable approximation is a 30 cm X 30 cm X 15 cm slab-type phantom. For this condition the personal dose equivalent is denoted as H{sub p,slab}(d) and the depths, d, are taken to be 0.007 cm for non-penetrating and 1 cm for penetrating radiation. In operational radiation protection a third depth, 0.3 cm, is used to approximate the dose to the lens of the eye. A number of conversion coefficients for photons are available for incident energies up to several MeV, however, data to higher energies are limited. In this work conversion coefficients up to 1 GeV have been calculated for H{sub p,slab}(10) and H{sub p,slab}(3) using both the kerma approximation and by tracking secondary charged particles. For H{sub p}(0.07) the conversion coefficients were calculated, but only to 10 MeV due to computational limitations. Additionally, conversions from air kerma to H{sub p,slab}(d) have been determined and are reported. The conversion coefficients were determined for discrete incident energies, but analytical fits of the coefficients over the energy range are provided. Since the inclusion of air can influence the production of secondary charged particles incident on the face of the phantom conversion coefficients have been determined both in vacuo and with the source and slab immersed within a sphere in air. The conversion coefficients for the personal dose equivalent are compared to the appropriate protection quantity, calculated according to the recommendations of the latest International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) guidance.

  19. EMPLOYEE PERSONAL DATA FORM For initial hires, the EPDF (Employee Personal Data Form) must accompany the ePAF (electronic personnel action form). This document is not an application for employment.

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    . The information requested on this form will only be used for statistical purposes. The University complies: Home Phone w/area code: RACE Select all that apply: White: A person having origins in any having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) who

  20. Advantage of 3D volumetric dosemeter in delivery quality assurance of dynamic arc therapy: comparison of pencil beam and Monte Carlo calculations

    PubMed Central

    Shin, H-J; Song, J H; Jung, J-Y; Kwak, Y-K; Kay, C S; Kang, Y-N; Choi, B O; Jang, H S

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of pencil beam calculation (PBC) and Monte Carlo calculation (MCC) for dynamic arc therapy (DAT) in a cylindrically shaped homogenous phantom, by comparing the two plans with an ion chamber, a film and a three-dimensional (3D) volumetric dosemeter. Methods: For this study, an in-house phantom was constructed, and the PBC and MCC plans for DAT were performed using iPlan® RT (BrainLAB®, Heimstetten, Germany). The A16 micro ion chamber (Standard Imaging, Middleton, WI), Gafchromic® EBT2 film (International Specialty Products, Wayne, NJ) and ArcCHECK™ (Sun Nuclear, Melbourne, FL) were used for measurements. For comparison with each plan, two-dimensional (2D) and 3D gamma analyses were performed using 3%/3?mm and 2%/2?mm criteria. Results: The difference between the PBC and MCC plans using 2D and 3D gamma analyses was found to be 7.85% and 28.8%, respectively. The ion chamber and 2D dose distribution measurements did not exhibit this difference revealed by the comparison between the PBC and MCC plans. However, the 3D assessment showed a significant difference between the PBC and MCC (62.7% for PBC vs 93.4% for MCC, p?=?0.034). Conclusion: Evaluation using a 3D volumetric dosemeter can be clinically useful for delivery quality assurance (QA), and the MCC should be used to achieve the most reliable dose calculation for DAT. Advances in knowledge: (1) The DAT plan calculated using the PBC has a limitation in the calculation methods, and a 3D volumetric dosemeter was found to be an adequate tool for delivery QA of DAT. (2) The MCC was superior to PBC in terms of the accuracy in dose calculation for DAT even in the homogenous condition. PMID:24234583

  1. Person Tracking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keni Bernardin; Rainer Stiefelhagen; Aristodemos Pnevmatikakis; Oswald Lanz; Alessio Brutti; Josep R. Casas; Gerasimos Potamianos

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a One of the most basic building blocks for the understanding of human actions and interactions is the accurate detection and\\u000a tracking of persons in a scene. In constrained scenarios involving at most one subject, or in situations where persons can\\u000a be confined to a controlled monitoring space or required to wear markers, sensors, or microphones, these tasks can be solved

  2. Personalized ophthalmology

    PubMed Central

    Porter, LF; Black, GCM

    2014-01-01

    Porter L.F., Black G.C.M. Personalized ophthalmology. Clin Genet 2014: 86: 1–11. © 2014 The Authors. Clinical Genetics published by John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2014 Ophthalmology has been an early adopter of personalized medicine. Drawing on genomic advances to improve molecular diagnosis, such as next-generation sequencing, and basic and translational research to develop novel therapies, application of genetic technologies in ophthalmology now heralds development of gene replacement therapies for some inherited monogenic eye diseases. It also promises to alter prediction, diagnosis and management of the complex disease age-related macular degeneration. Personalized ophthalmology is underpinned by an understanding of the molecular basis of eye disease. Two important areas of focus are required for adoption of personalized approaches: disease stratification and individualization. Disease stratification relies on phenotypic and genetic assessment leading to molecular diagnosis; individualization encompasses all aspects of patient management from optimized genetic counseling and conventional therapies to trials of novel DNA-based therapies. This review discusses the clinical implications of these twin strategies. Advantages and implications of genetic testing for patients with inherited eye diseases, choice of molecular diagnostic modality, drivers for adoption of personalized ophthalmology, service planning implications, ethical considerations and future challenges are considered. Indeed, whilst many difficulties remain, personalized ophthalmology truly has the potential to revolutionize the specialty. PMID:24665880

  3. Detection of thermal neutrons with a CMOS pixel sensor for a future dosemeter

    SciTech Connect

    Vanstalle, M.; Husson, D.; Higueret, S.; Le, T. D.; Nourreddine, A. M. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Univ. of Strasbourg, CNRS, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

    2011-07-01

    The RaMsEs group (Radioprotection et Mesures Environnementales) is developing a new compact device for operational neutron dosimetry. The electronic part of the detector is made of an integrated active pixel sensor, originally designed for tracking in particle physics. This device has useful features for neutrons, such as high detection efficiency for charged particles, good radiation resistance, high readout speed, low power consumption and high rejection of photon background. A good response of the device to fast neutrons has already been demonstrated [1]. In order to test the sensibility of the detector to thermal neutrons, experiments have been carried out with a 512 x 512 pixel CMOS sensor on a californium source moderated with heavy water (Cf.D{sub 2}O) on the Van Gogh irradiator at the LMDN, IRSN, Cadarache (France)). A thin boron converter is used to benefit from the significant cross section of the {sup 10}B (n,{alpha}) {sup 7}Li reaction. Results show a high detection efficiency (around 10{sup -3}) of the device to thermal neutrons. Our measurements are in good agreement with GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations. (authors)

  4. TEM-EELS: a personal perspective.

    PubMed

    Egerton, R F

    2012-08-01

    The development of electron energy-loss spectroscopy in a transmission electron microscope (TEM-EELS) is illustrated through personal anecdote, highlighting some of the basic principles, instrumentation and personalities involved. The current state of the art is reviewed, together with some challenges for the future. PMID:22221958

  5. Personal Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

    Developed as part of the Marine Corps Institute (MCI) correspondence training program, this course on personal finance is designed to provide all Marines with the ability to manage their financial affairs successfully. Introductory materials include specific information for MCI students, a course introduction, and a study guide (guidelines to…

  6. Person Perception and Personality Pathology

    PubMed Central

    Oltmanns, Thomas F.; Turkheimer, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Studies of person perception (people's impressions and beliefs about others) have developed important concepts and methods that can be used to help improve the assessment of personality disorders. They may also inspire advances in our knowledge of the nature and origins of these conditions. Information collected from peers and other types of informants is reliable and provides a perspective that often differs substantially from that obtained using questionnaires and interviews. For some purposes, this information is quite useful. Much remains to be learned about the incremental validity (and potential biases) associated with data from various kinds of informants. PMID:20539833

  7. Technical Performance of the Luxel Al2O3:C Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosemeter Element at Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Accident Dose Levels

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Steven D.; Murphy, Mark K.

    2006-12-12

    The dose ranges typical for radiation oncology and nuclear accident dosimetry are on the order of 2?70 Gy and 0.1?5 Gy, respectively. In terms of solid-state passive dosimetry; thermoluminescent (TL) materials historically have been used extensively for these two applications, with silver-halide, leuco-dye, and BaFBr:Eu-based films being used on a more limited basis than TL for radiation oncology. This present work provides results on the performance of a film based on an aluminum oxide, Al2O3:C, for these dosimetry applications, using the optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL) readout method. There have been few investigations of Al2O3:C performance at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels, and these have included minimal dosimetric and environmental effects information. Based on investigations already published, the authors of this present study determined that overall improvements over film and TLDs for this Al2O3:C OSL technology at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels may include (1) a more tissue-equivalent response to photons compared to X-ray film, (2) higher sensitivity, (3) ability to reread dosemeters, and (4) diagnostic capability using small-area imaging. The results of the present investigation indicate that additional favorable performance characteristics for the Al2O3:C dosemeter are a wide dynamic range(0.001 to 100 Gy), a response insensitive to temperature and moisture over a wide range, negligible dose rate dependence, and minimal change in post-irradiation response. As a radiation detection medium, this OSL phosphor offers an assortment of dosimetry properties that will permit it to compete with current radiation detection technologies such as silver-halide, leuco-dye, and photostimulable-phosphor based films, as well as TLDs.

  8. 20 CFR 416.1216 - Exclusion of household goods and personal effects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...include but are not limited to: Furniture, appliances, electronic equipment such as personal computers and television sets, carpets, cooking and eating utensils, and dishes. (b) Personal effects. (1) We do not count personal effects as...

  9. Personal Services Agreements Policy

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Policy Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance and Administration (DPA) Personnel Rules, Chapter 10, govern the procurement of personal services, personal services and disseminate policies and procedures establishing a Personal Services Review Program. While the State Personnel

  10. Privacy in electronic communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sylvia Kierkegaard

    2005-01-01

    As use of information technology increases, there has been an upsurge in the way that people can access and deal with personal data, particularly in electronic format and over electronic communications system. A whole world of electronic monitoring continues to grow rapidly with the increasing amounts of technology. In every electronic communication, an Internet user gives away some form of

  11. Author's personal copy Fast communication

    E-print Network

    Ray, Asok

    are validated on time series data, generated from a laboratory apparatus of nonlinear electronic systems. & 2008Author's personal copy Fast communication Generalization of Hilbert transform for symbolic analysis analysis of time series data in dynamical systems. When used in conjunction with D-Markov machines, also

  12. Personal Timeline

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rebecca Teed

    For this homework assignment, students have to draw two scaled timelines. The first is a personal timeline. They need to come up with the events themselves, an easy task that will build confidence for student who are intimidated by science and math. Following guidelines, they decide on a scale, and draw a linear timeline on which they plot their chosen events. Most students will primarily include recent events. They are asked to identify and explain any patterns in their timeline. Students should note the clustering at the present, and describe the emphasis on the present as resulting from memory, relevance to future hopes and worries, etc. The second timeline is more traditional. The students are given 16 Earth history events with dates and asked to draw another timeline, using the procedure from the personal timeline, but the line is already drawn for them. They will probably recognize most of the events on the list, and will be keeping them in order and spacing them out on the timeline. They are once again asked to identify and explain patterns and should recognize the emphasis on the present. This time, availability of fossils/rocks and relevance to current conditions and problems are good answers.

  13. Personal construct psychology and personal selling performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard E. Plank; Joel N. Greene

    1996-01-01

    Proposes an alternative approach to understanding personal selling performance based on personal construct psychology, a cognitively based personality paradigm, originally formulated in clinical psychology by George Kelly. Explains how personal construct psychology theory (PCT), which reflects a constructivist epistemology, provides a conceptual framework for understanding and predicting sales performance. Demonstrates how PCT can be integrated with existing theoretical models of

  14. Borderline Personality

    PubMed Central

    Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

    2004-01-01

    BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD) IS A COMPLEX AXIS II Phenomenon that is typically described in a psychological or psychiatric context. In this article, we translate the various aspects of BPD to the primary care setting. Previous work in this area has explored specific relationships between BPD and individual medical disorders or between BPD and general somatic symptoms, but the synthesis of these findings and their augmentation with cogent psychological theory is new to the field. Specifically, we highlight the prevalence rate of BPD in the primary care setting, the effects on healthcare utilization, the themes of somatic preoccupation and somatization disorder, several medical syndromes that illustrate the dynamics of the disorder in the medical setting, and the relationship of BPD to disability. We believe that the BPD concept needs to extend beyond its traditional psychological/psychiatric borders to include the subset of BPD patients with somatic symptoms who are seen in primary care settings. PMID:21197375

  15. Dependent personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Dependent personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people depend too much on others to meet their emotional ... Cause of dependent personality disorder is unknown. The disorder usually ... is one of the most common personality disorders and is ...

  16. Personal Information Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Hilary D.

    1973-01-01

    The effects of personal systems on formal library and secondary information services use are analyzed. Conclusions are that personal information systems are not personalized libraries;'' formal library services should concentrate on developing complimentary programs. (9 references) (Author)

  17. Personal Financial Certificate Program

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Finance Personal Financial Planning Certificate Program Curriculum satisfies the CFP Board-known, uncompromising standard of academic excellence. #12;Personal Financial Planning Certificate Program Market profession. University of California, Irvine Extension's Program in Personal Financial Planning is registered

  18. Electronic Privacy: Patient Concerns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anza A. Akram

    2006-01-01

    This study postulates issues related to electronic privacy and addresses the factors that directly effect personal electronic information. There is no positivist study done to measure patient privacy concerns using Smith et a l(1996) privacy model and the effect of previous experience and media on these concerns. This study measures the four dimensions of patient concerns against the electronic privacy,

  19. Borderline personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Personality disorder - borderline ... Cause of borderline personality disorder is unknown. Genetic, family, and social factors are thought to play roles. Risk factors for BPD include: Abandonment in ...

  20. Collaborative Electronic Notebooks as Electronic Records: Design Issues for the Secure Electronic Laboratory Notebook (ELN)

    SciTech Connect

    Myers, James D.

    2003-01-24

    Current electronic notebooks (EN) can be grouped roughly into two general classes - personal/group productivity tools and enterprise records/knowledge management systems. Personal/group productivity-oriented ENs extend the notebook metaphor in terms of supporting multimedia annotations, automating workflow and data processing, supporting simultaneous use by distributed researchers, providing displays on personal digital assistants

  1. AIR TOXICS EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRONICS INCINERATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this project is to examine the emissions of air toxics from the combustion of electronics equipment, primarily personal computer components. Due to a shortage of recycling programs for personal computers and other personal electronics equipment, most of these mate...

  2. Early Experiences with Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN D. HALAMKA; KENNETH D. MANDL; PAUL C. TANG

    2008-01-01

    Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical

  3. Personal identity, multiple personality, and hypnosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Sutcliffe; Jean Jones

    1962-01-01

    The concept of multiple personality ia critically examined in the light of its historical development. Various conceptions of multiple personality are considered: aa a diagnostic fashion; aa a product of shaping in therapy; as a product of hypnotic suggestion; as simulation; and aa an extension of characteristica found in “normal” personslitiea. These considerations lead to the conclusion that the significant

  4. Back to the Future: Personality and Assessment and Personality Development

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Brent W.

    2009-01-01

    In this essay I consider the future of personality development in light of the past effects of Personality and Assessment on the field of personality in general and personality development in particular. The essay is organized around 1) the effect of Mischel's book on the foundational theories informing personality development; 2) definitions of personality traits; 3) an alternative model of personality traits, described as the sociogenomic model of personality traits, that can bridge the divide that still characterizes the field of personality development; 4) the application of the sociogenomic model of personality traits to issues of personality trait development, and 5) a “Newtonian” vision for the future of personality psychology. PMID:20161194

  5. Methods of Studying Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinemann, Allen W.; Shontz, Franklin C.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a method that permits answering research questions of general importance by examining individuals in a comprehensive, whole-person manner. Discusses their use in two studies of persons with spinal cord injuries. (LLL)

  6. Cryptosporidium: Infection - Immunocompromised Persons

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Who might be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system? Examples of persons with weakened immune systems include ... times. How does cryptosporidiosis affect you if your immune system is severely weakened? In persons with AIDS and ...

  7. Unlocking Personality Type.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tieger, Paul D.

    2002-01-01

    This article examines some of the intricacies of personality types and their effect on career choices. Proposes that knowing students' Myers-Briggs personality types can help school counselors guide them down the right career path. (GCP)

  8. Editorial: personality and situations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iven Van Mechelen; Boele De Raad

    1999-01-01

    During the last few decades the personality domain has witnessed several major controversies, including the person-situation debate and the debates on accurate reflection versus systematic distortion, on nomothetic versus idiographic approaches, on nature-nurture, etc. Within these controversies several sharp contrasts and pendulum movements have stood out. In particular, regarding the person-situation debate, during the late sixties global personality traits have

  9. Perspective: Balancing Personalized Medicine and Personalized Care

    PubMed Central

    Cornetta, Kenneth; Brown, Candy Gunther

    2013-01-01

    The current description of personalized medicine by the National Institutes of Health is “the science of individualized prevention and therapy.” Although physicians are just beginning to see the promise of genetic medicine coming to fruition, the rapid pace of sequencing technology, informatics, and computer science predict a true revolution in the ability to care for patients in the near future. The enthusiasm expressed by researchers is well founded, but the expectations voiced by the public do not center on advancing technology. Rather, patients are asking for personalized care: a holistic approach that considers an individual’s physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. This perspective considers psychological, religious, and ethical challenges that may arise as the precision of preventive medicine improves. Psychological studies already highlight the barriers to single gene testing and suggest significant barriers to the predictive testing envisioned by personalized medicine. Certain religious groups will likely mount opposition if they believe personalized medicine encourages embryo selection. If the technology prompts cost-containment discussions, those concerned about the sanctity of life may raise ethical objections. Consequently, the availability of new scientific developments does not guarantee advances in treatment because patients may prove unwilling to receive and act upon personalized genetic information. This perspective highlights current efforts to incorporate personalized medicine and personalized care into the medical curriculum, genetic counseling, and other aspects of clinical practice. As these efforts are generally independent, the authors offer recommendations for physicians and educators so that personalized medicine can be implemented in a manner that meets patient expectations for personalized care. PMID:23348082

  10. Therapy of multiple personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaretta K. Bowers; Sylvia Brecher-marer; Bernauer W. Newton; Zygmunt Piotrowski; Thea C. Spyer; William S. Taylor; John G. Watkins

    1971-01-01

    In multiple personality, conflicting portions of the original personality have become 2 or more, largely disparate and autonomous personalities. Being a portion, each may be called a subpersonality. Of each 2 subpersonalities, at least one has some amnesia for the other.The therapist must be especially competent, particularly if he uses any hypnosis, deep analysis, or strong suggestion. He must avoid

  11. Attachment and Personality Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Preeti; Sharan, Pratap

    2007-01-01

    Personality disorders (PDs) arise from core psychopathology of interpersonal relationships and understanding of self and others. The distorted representations of self and others, as well as unhealthy relationships that characterize persons with various PDs, indicate the possibility that persons with PDs have insecure attachment. Insecure…

  12. Polite Personal Agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silvia N. Schiaffino; Analía Amandi

    2006-01-01

    Personal agents are computer programs that learn users' interests, preferences, and habits and give them proactive, personalized assistance with a computer application. Such agents are analogous to personal assistants in the real-world work environment. Both agents and assistants gradually learn a target individual's preferences and habits to enhance collaboration and productivity.

  13. Personalized Information Retrieval Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dongpyo Hong; Yun-Kyung Park; Jeongwon Lee; Vladimir Shin; Woontack Woo

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a framework of personalized information retrieval system for a wearer (a person who is equipped with a wearable computer) in ubiquitous computing environments. In ubiquitous computing environments, personalized information retrieval is indispensable for a wearer because desired or undesired information will be flooded around the wearer. Although there have been many research activities on information

  14. Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory

    E-print Network

    Schacter, Daniel

    Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory Modifying memory: Selectively enhancing and updating personal memories for a museum; Reactivating personal memory 2 Abstract Memory can be modified when reactivated

  15. Personal vs Non-Personal Blogs Initial Classification Experiments

    E-print Network

    de Rijke, Maarten

    Personal vs Non-Personal Blogs Initial Classification Experiments Erik Elgersma edelgers ABSTRACT We address the task of separating personal from non-personal blogs, and report on a set, Measurement, Performance, Experimentation Keywords Blog classification, language modeling 1. INTRODUCTION

  16. Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron-

    E-print Network

    Martin, Milo M. K.

    Electronics, Volume 38, Number 8, April 19, 1965 The future of integrated electronics is the future of electron- ics itself. The advantages of integration will bring about a proliferation of electronics, and personal portable communications equipment. The electronic wrist- watch needs only a display to be feasible

  17. Lifestreams: a storage model for personal data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Freeman; David Gelernter

    1996-01-01

    Conventional software systems, such as those based on the “desktop metaphor,” are ill-equipped to manage the electronic information and events of the typical computer user. We introduce a new metaphor, Lifestreams, for dynamically organizing a user's personal workspace. Lifestreams uses a simple organizational metaphor, a time-ordered stream of documents, as an underlying storage system. Stream filters are used to organize,

  18. Personal health records: a scoping review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Archer; U Fevrier-Thomas; C Lokker; K A McKibbon; S E Straus

    2011-01-01

    Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be

  19. Libraries without Resources: Towards Personal Collections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savenije, Bas; Grygierczyk, Natalia

    The main function of the library of the future is to provide access to electronic sources stored elsewhere. In order to comply with the users' needs, therefore, flexible license scenarios are necessary. Another future function of the library will be to set up and maintain a personal alerting system and to assist users in organizing their own…

  20. Communication, Public Affairs Knowledge, and Older Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, K. E.; Rush, Ramona R.

    The impact of print and electronic media orientations upon the public affairs knowledge of older persons was investigated through interviews with 59 participants in a foster grandparents program, 68 participants in a retired senior volunteer program, and 23 members of a retired teachers association. Analysis of results indicated a clear pattern in…

  1. Protecting Personal Information: Obstacles and Directions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel Greenstadt; Michael D. Smith

    We present a framework for comparing and evaluating approaches for achieving electronic informational privacy. Our framework focuses on the issues of decision-making, negotiation, and enforcement, which are fun- damental in determining what personal information is considered private and what uses of that information are considered improper. Our analysis of four leading approaches finds that none adequately address all three issues.

  2. Computerized Symbol Processing for Handicapped Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osguthorpe, Russell T.; And Others

    The paper describes the development of a computerized symbol processing system which allows nonspeaking severely handicapped persons to create communication electronically. Two pilot studies investigated the use of Rebus and Bliss Symbols with either an Apple Graphics Tablet or the Power Pad, a peripheral which allowed users to activate the…

  3. Dynamic leaching test of personal computer components

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yadong Li; Jay B. Richardson; Xiaojun Niu; Ollie J. Jackson; Jeremy D. Laster; Aaron K. Walker

    2009-01-01

    A dynamic leaching test (DLT) was developed and used to evaluate the leaching of toxic substances for electronic waste in the environment. The major components in personal computers (PCs) including motherboards, hard disc drives, floppy disc drives, and compact disc drives were tested. The tests lasted for 2 years for motherboards and 1.5 year for the disc drives. The extraction

  4. Learning User Profiles for Personalized Informat ion Dissemination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ah-Hwee Tan; Christine Teo; Heng Mui Keng

    1998-01-01

    Personalized information systems represent the recent effort of delivering information to users more effectively in the modern electronic age. This paper illustrates how a supervised Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) system, known as fuzzy ARAM, can be used to learn user pro- files for personalized information dissemination. ARAM learning is on-line, fast, and incremental. Acquisition of new knowledge does not require

  5. THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information

    E-print Network

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    of Arizona is committed to providing its users good privacy practices regarding electronic personalTHINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information The THINK TANK at the University with external organizations for data management. Information collected by systems is used to provide and tailor

  6. Gender and Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayne E. Stake; Heather Eisele

    \\u000a Personality is the study of individual differences and thus holds promise for a better understanding of how our gendered society\\u000a shapes and reinforces differences in women’s and men’s attitudes, emotions, and behaviors. Two strengths of present-day personality\\u000a research are particularly relevant for the study of gender. First, personality researchers gather data from large samples\\u000a of normally functioning individuals and emphasize

  7. The Architecture of Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Cervone

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a theoretical framework for analyzing psychological systems that contribute to the variability, consistency, and cross-situational coherence of personality functioning. In the proposed knowledge-and-appraisal personality architecture (KAPA), personality structures and processes are delineated by combining 2 principles: distinctions (a) between knowledge structures and appraisal processes and (b) among intentional cognitions with varying directions of fit, with the latter

  8. Personal information Your name: _______________________________________________________________________________________

    E-print Network

    Personal information Your name _____________________________________________ Account holder Social Security number (payable to HealthEquity, Inc.) with this contribution form. Mail to: CDH Administrator 15 West Scenic

  9. Psychological adjustment, close personal relationships and personality.

    PubMed

    McLennan, J; Omodei, M M

    1988-09-01

    The finding (Cramer, 1985) that psychological adjustment is positively related to facilitative relationship quality for females but not for males was not supported in a study of 61 couples. For males, both relationship quality and personality characteristics of neuroticism and extraversion were significantly related to psychological adjustment. However, for females, perceived relationship quality was not related to well-being once the effects of personality characteristics were controlled for. These findings are consistent with other reports of gender and sex-role differences in the process of social relationship support utilization. The findings may have implications for marital counselling. PMID:3179251

  10. Personal Information Request Request for Personal Information

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    Information Personal information on this form is collected under Newfoundland and Labrador's Access: (YYYY-MM-DD) Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Memorial University of Newfoundland #12, payable to the Newfoundland Exchequer). · Please note that if the public body does not respond within 30

  11. Personality Theory and TESOL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Shalabi, M. Fadi; Salmani Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, it is argued, based on evidence from psychological literature, that there are three major approaches to the study of personality, namely (1) situationism, (2) interactionism, and (3) constructivism. It is also noticed that these approaches have resulted in the emergence of three major types of personality theories: (i) type…

  12. Teacher Attitudes and Personality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, James A., Jr.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    The Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory (MTAI), the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS), and the Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) were administered to 183 undergraduate students enrolled in teacher education courses. The MTAI was compared with each of the two personality instruments by canonical analysis. Concludes that teacher's…

  13. Evaluating Personalized Risk Messages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Neil D.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    An experiment with 766 homeowners compared 3 strategies for delivering radon test results to homeowners. Small improvements in consumer satisfaction were found for personalized messages (a telephone call or personal letter) over a form letter. No detectable improvement was found in recall of advice or compliance for any strategy. (SLD)

  14. Chisholm, persons and identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harold W. Noonan

    1993-01-01

    R. M. Chisholm has written in many places about identity and personal identity. Following Bishop Butler he maintains that while the identity over time of such physical things as ships is identity only in a 'loose and popular' sense, personal identity is identity in a 'strict and philosophical' sense, and he draws many striking conclusions from this contention. Despite the

  15. Organizing and Personalizing Intelligence

    E-print Network

    Tan, Ah-Hwee

    and dissemination of competitive intelligence (CI). It combines the use of a novel user-configurable clustering users to define and personalize the organization of the information clusters according to their needs and preferences into portfolios. These personalized portfolios created are saved and can be subsequently tracked

  16. Personal computer brand loyalty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tyrone W. Jackson; Jeffrey M Perloff

    1996-01-01

    A Markov model shows the degree of brand loyalty to Apple, Compaq, IBM, and Wyse personal computers by large corporate customers of Businessland, a large reseller of personal computers in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Because Businessland temporarily lost its franchise to carry Compaq for half a year in the middle of our sample, the model captures the effect

  17. [Personality disorders and aging].

    PubMed

    Calvet, Benjamin; Péricaud, Marion; Parneix, Mathieu; Bricaud, Magali; Lavigne, Benjamin; Clément, Jean-Pierre

    2014-06-01

    Personality disorder can be defined as an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that markedly deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture. With aging, personality disorders may improve or worsen. Their prevalence in the elderly is slightly lower than the prevalence in young adult. Furthermore, their comorbidity and co-occurrence are the rule with an increased risk of late decompensation. Categorical approach used in the current international classifications (ICD-10 and DSM-5) is not adapted to the specificities of the elderly with consequent overrepresentation of "unspecified personality disorder". However, a pathological personality tends to complicate all interventions for somatic or psychological care in the elderly. Thus, this review describes changes in personality disorders related to aging in order to help the clinician to better identify these disorders. Indeed, recognizing a pathological personality in the elderly improves its management both in the field of mental health and in somatic disorders in which the role of personality must be evaluated. Personality and its disorders should therefore be taken into account in all geriatric practices, in particular in the context of cognitive disorders. PMID:24939408

  18. Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki

    E-print Network

    Eirinaki, Magdalini

    Web Mining for Web Personalization Magdalini Eirinaki Michalis Vazirgiannis Athens University of Economics and Business Department of Informatics #12;M.Eirinaki, M. Vazirgiannis Web Mining for Web Personalization 2PKDD 2005 Introduction Continuous growth in the size and the use of WWW Large and complicated web

  19. Histrionic personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    Histrionic personality disorder is a mental health condition in which people act in a very emotional and dramatic way that ... Cause of histrionic personality disorder is unknown. Genes and ... may be responsible. It is diagnosed more often in women than in ...

  20. FITNESS INSTRUCTOR -Personal Training -

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    FITNESS INSTRUCTOR TRAINING - Personal Training - Joseph Agnew, Fitness Coordinator Website: joseph.agnew@unlv.edu srwc.unlv.edu 702-774-7126 702-774-7100 UNLV Campus Recreational Services Fitness Instructor Training (F.I.T.) course combines lecture & practical appli- cation to cover the basics of personal fitness

  1. Personal Food System Mapping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilsey, David; Dover, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Personal food system mapping is a practical means to engage community participants and educators in individualized and shared learning about food systems, decisions, and behaviors. Moreover, it is a useful approach for introducing the food system concept, which is somewhat abstract. We developed the approach to capture diversity of personal food…

  2. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A3 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised: A3 include one or more of the following: Section 24-50-504 (1) ­ The contract is for personal services

  3. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A2 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised: A2 the adequate staff to perform these services. #12;Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A2 Responsible

  4. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A5 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised: A5 or personal property. 5. Copier and Office Machine Maintenance: CSM does not have staff qualified to perform

  5. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A1 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised these specialized services. #12;Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A1 Responsible Administrative Units

  6. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix B Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised(s), the requesting department MUST submit a "Personal Services Certification Form" and all supporting documents

  7. Personal Services Agreements Waivers

    E-print Network

    Personal Services Agreements Waivers: Appendix A4 Responsible Administrative Units: Human Resources Finance & Administration Contacts: vgraves@mines.edu nmartine@mines.edu Issued: May 31, 2006 Revised: A4 or relocation of houses and structures owned by CSM. CSM does not have staff qualified to #12;Personal Services

  8. Designing personalized web applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gustavo Rossi; Daniel Schwabe; Robson Guimarães

    2001-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to argue the need to approach the personalization issues in Web applications from the very beginning in the application's development cycle. Since personalization is a critical aspect in many popular domains such as e-commerce, it important enough that it should be dealt with through a design view, rather than only an implementation view (which

  9. Personal Computer Communications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leclerc, Gerry

    The interconnection between personal computers and other personal, mini, or mainframe computer systems is discussed. The following topics relevant to college personnel are addressed: hardware techniques for tying computers together, advantages and disadvantages of available software, the prospects for sophisticated micro/mainframe links with major…

  10. The Technological Personality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivers, Richard

    2004-01-01

    If technology is the single most important factor in explaining the organization of modern societies, it is likewise the key to understanding the modern personality. The technological personality is the psychological counterpart to the technological society.Technology indirectly destroys the basis of a common morality and so leaves human…

  11. Borderline Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Noam Lindenboim; Alex L. Chapman; Marsha M. Linehan

    The primary purpose of this chapter is to elucidate the role of therapy homework in the context of an empirically supported treatment for borderline personality disorder— Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993a). Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a disorder of emotion dysregulation, and patients who meet criteria for BPD often present with myriad life difficulties and comorbid disorders. According to

  12. Competencies for Electronic Information Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbin, John

    1993-01-01

    Defines electronic information services and the competencies required for librarians providing them. Highlights include personal characteristics; basic skills, including computer use, navigation, and word processing; general knowledge, including information storage and retrieval, copyright, and ethics; and education, including formal education,…

  13. Calculation of personal dose equivalent for positron-emitting radionuclides using Monte Carlo code EGS5.

    PubMed

    Kato, T; Aoki, K; Yokoyama, S; Ejiri, K; Minami, K; Yashima, H; Taniguchi, A; Nakamura, T; Hirayama, H

    2011-07-01

    The conversion coefficients, H'(d,?)/?, for monoenergetic positrons and positron-emitting radionuclides were calculated by using the user code UCICRPM of the Monte Carlo code EGS5 to estimate the radiation dose for medical staff involved in positron emission tomography examinations. From these coefficients, the dose equivalent rates per unit activity at 0.07 and 10 mm depths in a soft tissue for a straight-line source of 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) were calculated by using the developed user code UCF18DOSE. The dose equivalent rates per unit activity at 0.07 and 10 mm depths were measured by using a personal dosemeter (DOSE(3)) under the same conditions as those considered in the calculation. The calculated dose equivalent rates per unit activity at 0.07 and 10 mm depths were 0.116 and 0.0352 pSv min(-1) Bq(-1), respectively, at 20 cm from the (18)F-FDG injection tube. PMID:21498852

  14. ISePHR 2006 The International Symposium on Electronic

    E-print Network

    Langseth, Helge

    ISePHR 2006 The International Symposium on Electronic Personal Health Records Trondheim, Norway posed by electronic personal health records. The articles in these proceedings addresses several aspects diagnosis and symptoms. Crawford gives an overview of the use of personal health records, and how a great

  15. Early experiences with personal health records.

    PubMed

    Halamka, John D; Mandl, Kenneth D; Tang, Paul C

    2008-01-01

    Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies--MyChart at Palo Alto Medical Foundation, PatientSite at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Indivo at Children's Hospital Boston. We describe our implementation challenges from 1999 to 2007 and postulate the evolving challenges we will face over the next five years. PMID:17947615

  16. The temporal relationship of personality traits to personality disorders 

    E-print Network

    Warner, Megan Beth

    2002-01-01

    Personality disorders are presumed to be stable because of underlying stable and maladaptive personality traits. It has been argued that it is the stability of these traits that makes personality disorders difficult to treat. Previous research has...

  17. University of Warwick -Electronic Mail Policy Introduction

    E-print Network

    Davies, Christopher

    University of Warwick - Electronic Mail Policy Introduction Email is an important means facilities · Clarify issues of privacy, ownership and security of electronic communications Scope The policy, or libellous material. · harassment of any person or group of persons · production or promulgation of material

  18. A Personalized Information Environment for Digital Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jayawardana, Champa; Hewagamage, K. Priyantha; Hirakawa, Masahito

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of digital libraries focuses on the need for personalization capabilities so users can create their own personalized information environments. Highlights include material personalization; collection personalization; active reading; personalized retrieving; personalized filtering; and a prototype system. (LRW)

  19. Person-centered Therapeutics

    PubMed Central

    Cloninger, C. Robert; Cloninger, Kevin M.

    2015-01-01

    A clinician’s effectiveness in treatment depends substantially on his or her attitude toward -- and understanding of -- the patient as a person endowed with self-awareness and the will to direct his or her own future. The assessment of personality in the therapeutic encounter is a crucial foundation for forming an effective working alliance with shared goals. Helping a person to reflect on their personality provides a mirror image of their strengths and weaknesses in adapting to life’s many challenges. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) provides an effective way to describe personality thoroughly and to predict both the positive and negative aspects of health. Strengths and weaknesses in TCI personality traits allow strong predictions of individual differences of all aspects of well-being. Diverse therapeutic techniques, such as diet, exercise, mood self-regulation, meditation, or acts of kindness, influence health and personality development in ways that are largely indistinguishable from one another or from effective allopathic treatments. Hence the development of well-being appears to be the result of activating a synergistic set of mechanisms of well-being, which are expressed as fuller functioning, plasticity, and virtue in adapting to life’s challenges PMID:26052429

  20. Adapting recommender systems to the requirements of personal health record systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Wiesner; Daniel Pfeifer

    2010-01-01

    In the future many people in industrialized countries will manage their personal health data electronically in centralized, reliable and trusted repositories - so-called personal health record systems (PHR). At this stage PHR systems still fail to satisfy the individual medical information needs of their users. Personalized recommendations could solve this problem. A first approach of integrating recommender system (RS) methodology

  1. Personal Health Record: Managing Personal Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlotte Weaver; Rita Zielstorff

    \\u000a This chapter presents the work of the TIGER Collaborative on Consumer Empowerment and the Personal Health Record (PHR). The\\u000a entire body of work for the TIGER Collaborative Team #9 is available at http:\\/\\/tigerphr.pbworks.com\\/ The first part of this\\u000a chapter will review the state of the science on the potential of health consumerism as seen through the lens of health literacy

  2. PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF

    E-print Network

    March 2005 PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES AND CONTRACTORS: FEDERAL A new Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) for a government- wide personal identity enhance security, increase government efficiency, reduce identity fraud, and protect personal privacy

  3. First Person Arts - The First Person Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The First Person Museum is part of the First Person Arts organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and its goal is to "transform the drama of real life into memoir and documentary art." The First Person Museum exhibit, which debuted a physical gallery of "meaningful stories behind objects", gives people a place to display their objects and the stories that go with them. The online gallery of these stories is available to the visitor by clicking on "The Gallery", where a grid of pictures of objects can be scrolled over for a brief description. Each description includes information about who submitted the picture, when the picture was submitted, the picture's "Theme", and "Object Type". Some of the themes include "From the Heart", "Generation to Generation", "Good Times", and "To Remember You By". Visitors can also browse the Gallery by "Theme", "Object Type", and "Most Recent". Many of the stories about the objects are just a few sentences, some like "The Locket" are touching, while others are clever and funny such as "Squeaky Clean: How My Cat Became Clutter", about a cremated cat whose ashes are taking up space. All visitors are invited to submit a story for the online or future physical gallery.

  4. LIEM, GAVRILA: MULTI-PERSON TRACKING WITH OVERLAPPING CAMERAS 1 Multi-person tracking with overlapping

    E-print Network

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    , where the 2D images are combined into a 2D projection of a 3D scene. Tracking can then be done based be distributed unchanged freely in print or electronic forms. #12;2 LIEM, GAVRILA: MULTI-PERSON TRACKING, the spatial organization of the scene is estimated by projecting segmented 2D objects on the ground plane

  5. The Personal Health Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorne, Frederick C.

    1978-01-01

    The Personal Health Survey (PHS) is a 200-item inventory designed to sample symptomatology as subjective experiences from the 12 principal domains of organ system and psychophysiological functioning. This study investigates the factorial validity of the empirically constructed scales. (Author)

  6. Personalized building comfort control

    E-print Network

    Feldmeier, Mark Christopher, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Creating an appropriate indoor climate is essential to worker productivity and personal happiness. It is also an area of large expenditure for building owners. And, with rising fuel costs, finding ways of reducing energy ...

  7. Putting Personalizing into Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galloway, Mary Anne

    1974-01-01

    The personalizing of the Language Arts instructional program at the Concord High School in Wilmington, Delaware is discussed in terms of a) department organization, b) classroom organization, c) instructional materials, and d) special considerations related to individualizing instruction. (HMD)

  8. Personalizing Secondary Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, William J.

    1974-01-01

    To facilitate "personalizing" and individualizing secondary school curriculum, the author presents eight conceptual aspects of individualization and discusses the relationship of these concepts to program design and implementation of an individual learning program. (HMD)

  9. Schizoid personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is unknown. This disorder may be related to schizophrenia and shares many of the same risk factors. ... personality disorder is generally not as disabling as schizophrenia. It does not cause the disconnection from reality ( ...

  10. Schizotypal personality disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... disorder, is also common. Common signs of schizotypal personality disorder include: Discomfort in social situations Inappropriate displays of feelings No close friends Odd behavior or appearance Odd beliefs, fantasies, or ...

  11. Personal Web Pages

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    As almost every user will admit, personal Webpages are often far from the Internet's strong point. Uninspired, incomprehensible, and sometimes almost unreadable, many personal pages seem more a waste of bandwidth than anything else. This site, an About.com guide created and maintained by Linda Roeder, offers hope and help in the form of a number of articles and numerous related resources to help users design and create their own personal Webpages. Beginners should start with the Creating a Web Site Tutorial, while others will benefit from the archive of weekly articles, tips of the day, design tools, and product reviews. In addition to covering the process of creating and maintaining a personal Website, the guide addresses topics such as online diaries, Webcams, statistics-keeping, and Webrings.

  12. Personal Finance Calculations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Argo, Mark

    1982-01-01

    Contains explanations and examples of mathematical calculations for a secondary level course on personal finance. How to calculate total monetary cost of an item, monthly payments, different types of interest, annual percentage rates, and unit pricing is explained. (RM)

  13. Personalized diabetes management

    E-print Network

    O'Hair, Allison Kelly

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, we present a system to make personalized lifestyle and health decisions for diabetes management, as well as for general health and diet management. In particular, we address the following components of the ...

  14. [Personalities and chronic glaucoma].

    PubMed

    Demailly, P; Zoute, C; Castro, D

    1989-01-01

    This survey has investigated the occurence of psychopathological affections and their relationship with compliance in open angle glaucomatous patients. Three groups have been considered: 48 severe glaucomas, 37 early glaucomas and 48 control patients, under treatment for other ophthalmological affections. These groups have taken a psychiatric interview, compliance evaluating scale and psychological assessment (inducling: Vocabulaire Binois Pichot, Cattel's 16 Personality Factors and Autoanalyse, Thematic Aperception Test and the Rorschach Test analysed through Exner's Synthetic System). Anxiety personality and disoders are more frequent in the glaucomatous group than the control or early (P = 0.0156). Patients in the early group appeared to be most compliant. Personality structure play a role in the acceptance of the disease and in the degree of cooperation with treatment. Maximal compliance is observed at the beginning of the disease. Personality scales show that glaucomatous patients have difficulties in coping with aggressive pulsions and tend to react to affect loaded situations by a defensive or avoiding attitude. PMID:2635202

  15. Part Two. Personal Voices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, David C.

    1979-01-01

    Presents people's experiences and perceptions of events in four lesson plans. Includes personal accounts of people moving westward, one family's decision to migrate to America, Lucy Stone and women's rights, and Langston Hughes' high school days. (CK)

  16. Clothing and personal hygiene

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Finogenov, A. M.; Azhayev, A. N.; Kaliberdin, G. V.

    1975-01-01

    The biomedical maintenance of astronauts is discussed in terms of personal hygiene. Principal characteristics and general requirements are described which must be followed in perfecting a system of hygienic practices and in devising means to maintain personal hygiene, flight clothing, underwear, bedding, and medical-domestic equipment for manned space flights of varying durations. Factors discussed include: disposable clothing, thermal protection, oral hygiene, cleansing of the skin, and grooming of the hair.

  17. Personality and Development in Childhood: A Person-Centered Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Daniel; Atkins, Robert; Fegley, Suzanne

    2003-01-01

    Applied a person-centered approach to childhood personality development in 28 diverse samples of 3- to 6-year-olds studied over 6 years. Identified resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled personality types. Found that the undercontrolled personality type related to intellectual decline over 6 years. The number of family risks predicted…

  18. PFP 3341 Personal Finance: Goals Planning Personal Finance Concentration

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    PFP 3341 ­ Personal Finance: Goals Planning Personal Finance Concentration Instructor: Terrance K, TX 79409-1210 Course Website: www.blackboard.ttu.edu Required Texts: Personal Finance by E. Thomas separately or as part of the Personal Finance Concentration.1 Topics covered in PFP 3341 will include: · Goal

  19. The Electronic Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizell, Al P.; Centini, Barry M.

    The role of telecommunications in establishing the electronic classroom in distance education is illustrated. Using a computer-based doctoral program and the UNIX operating system as an example, how a personal computer and modem may be combined with a telephone line for instructional delivery is described. A number of issues must be addressed in…

  20. Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization

    E-print Network

    Tanaka, Jiro

    Webgrep: Web Webgrep: User Centered Web Personalization y Hironobu Aoki yy Jiro Tanaka y Master and Electronics,University of Tsukuba WWW Web Web Webgrep Webgrep 1 Web Web Web Web Web [1] My Yahoo! [2] MyNetscape [3] amazon.com [4] Web Web 2 Web Web |1| #12;1. Web 2. 3. 4. Web WWWC [5] Web Auto [6] Web 1 2 Web 3

  1. Microsoft: Personal Energy Meter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Microsoft's Education website offers several instructional resources, such as lesson plans and tutorials. Not suprisingly, the lessons and tutorials make use of Microsoft software products. The objectives for this lesson on measuring energy costs are: to analyze the amount and cost of energy used for personal day-to-day activities; to explore methods for and effects of conserving personal energy; and to advocate for better energy conservation. Students use Excel to keep track and analyze data they collect from one week of energy tracking at home. Among the resources provided by Microsoft is a Personal Energy Meter spreadsheet that students can use for this project. The website includes a step by step description of the activity along with links to some related online resources.

  2. State Personal Income Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

  3. Recognizing multiple personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Curtin, S L

    1993-02-01

    1. It currently takes an average of 5 to 7 years and repeated hospitalizations for a person with multiple personality disorder (MPD) to be accurately diagnosed. 2. Reasons for misdiagnosis include the assumption that MPD is rare, the complex polysymptomatic presentation of the disorder, and failure of standard psychiatric histories to elicit pertinent diagnostic information. 3. Nurses are often the first to observe the behavioral, clinical, and physiological symptoms associated with MPD. 4. It is important to include questions that will elicit pertinent diagnostic information in the nursing history and assessment. As nurses become more adept at recognizing this disorder, individuals with MPD will receive more prompt and appropriate treatment. PMID:8437140

  4. Multiple personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Piper, A

    1994-05-01

    Five aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of multiple personality disorder (MPD) were examined. The following five conclusions were made: the contemporary diagnostic criteria are vague and overinclusive; the recent alleged increase in prevalence of the disorder is almost certainly artefactual; legal proceedings involving MPD patients raise disturbing questions about personal responsibility; there is little literature support for the theory that MPD results from childhood trauma; and many of the techniques used to diagnose and treat the condition reinforce its symptoms. A careful revision of diagnostic criteria for the disorder is recommended. PMID:7921709

  5. Personal Fitness Plan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Cross

    2005-11-26

    This activity will help you create a personal fitness plan that is right for you. Maintaining a physically active lifestyle can help you feel your best and prevent the onset of certain diseases. At the conclusion of this activity, you will: Understand the health benefits of physical activity. Be able to describe three types of exercise. Create a custom plan based on your own preferences. The first step in creating your personal fitness plan is to understand why one is important to have and to maintain. Read ...

  6. [The perverse personality].

    PubMed

    Mormont, C

    1990-01-01

    From the clinical point of view, the perverse personality is characterised by constant manipulation of others, transgression of laws and disrespect of limits. Perversity does not refer to the presence of a sexual perversion, whether primary or associated, but to the fact that a same basic principle underlies the organization of the perverse personality and of the perverse sexuality. Both forms could thus be understood as two different manifestations of intolerance to disappointment. This general hypothesis avoid some questionable speculations and ad-hoc hypotheses. PMID:1670404

  7. Caring for a Person with Alzheimer's Disease

    MedlinePLUS

    ... misplaced or hidden by the person, like important papers, checkbooks, charge cards, jewelry, and keys. • People with ... person’s bank account. • Signatures on checks or other papers don’t look like the person’s signature. • Bills ...

  8. Viewpoint Paper: Early Experiences with Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Halamka; Kenneth D. Mandl; Paul C. Tang

    2008-01-01

    Over the past year, several payers, employers, and commercial vendors have announced personal health record projects. Few of these are widely deployed and few are fully integrated into ambulatory or hospital-based electronic record systems. The earliest adopters of personal health records have many lessons learned that can inform these new initiatives. We present three case studies—MyChart at Palo Alto Medical

  9. Personal Liberty and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Monroe D., Ed.

    This volume contains articles addressing the topic of personal liberty and its relationship to education. Some of these are reprinted from publications issued by members of the Alliance of Associations for the Advancement of Education or cooperating associations; others were written expressly for this volume. A commentary by Nat Hentoff is…

  10. Premorbid Personality in Psychoses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel J. Cuesta; Victor Peralta; Francisco Caro

    1999-01-01

    This study aimed to establish correlates of the dimen- sions of schizophrenia in the premorbid personality traits of patients. A sample of 112 patients of relatively recent illness onset who were admitted for a psychotic episode were assessed with a semistructured interview for schizophrenia. Positive and negative symptoms were evaluated with the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms and

  11. Type D personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Denollet

    2000-01-01

    Objective. Acute and chronic psychological distress have been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) but little is known about the determinants of distress as a coronary risk factor. Broad and stable personality traits may have much explanatory power; this article selectively focuses on negative affectivity (NA; tendency to experience negative emotions) and social inhibition (SI; tendency to inhibit self-expression in

  12. A Personal Essay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zawacki, Terry Myers

    The personal essay does not rely on the straight, even rows of a carefully laid out vegetable garden, on strings pulled tight to connect beginnings to ends. Instead it meanders, pulls from here and there, thinks out loud, asks questions, and proceeds leisurely through disconnections to make connections, as an ever-changing flower garden in which…

  13. Personal Pain as Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Counseling and Development, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Contains six personal accounts: "The PANACEA Prescription" (Hannah Amgott); "Grief as a Process: What Helps, What Hurts, What Heals" (Mary DePauw and James Luther); "Involuntary Isolation: A Counselor's Dilemma" (Samuel Gladding); "Grieving and Growing" (Stephanie Pollack); "From Both Sides Now: When the Helper Needs Help" (Patricia Ranzoni); and…

  14. Remembering Martha. Personality Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Robert P.

    2000-01-01

    Believes that learning about the life and character of Martha Washington is vital to understanding George Washington as a person. Describes the life of Martha Washington, her role as First Lady and as framer of the First Ladyship, the Washington's marriage, and her influence on President Washington's life and career. (CMK)

  15. Reliable Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ton Van Deursen; Paul Koster; Milan Petkovic

    2008-01-01

    A number of applications based on personal health records (PHRs) are emerging in the field of health care and wellness. PHRs empower patients by giving them control over their health data. Health data for PHRs can be supplied by patients, wellness providers and health care providers. Health care providers may use the PHRs to provide medical care. Unfortunately, the quality

  16. Personality, Education and Earnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silles, Mary A.

    2010-01-01

    Economists are only beginning to understand the relationship between personality traits and economic outcomes. This paper examines the influence of childhood social maladjustment on cognitive development, labor market earnings and career progression using longitudinal data drawn from the National Child Development Study. Net of differences in…

  17. Augmenting shared personal calendars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Tullio; Jeremy Goecks; Elizabeth D. Mynatt; David H. Nguyen

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we describe Augur, a groupware calendar system to support personal calendaring practices, informal workplace communication, and the socio-technical evolution of the calendar system within a workgroup. Successful design and deployment of groupware calendar systems have been shown to depend on several converging, interacting perspectives. We describe calendar-based work practices as viewed from these perspectives, and present the

  18. Personal Finance Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    This guide is intended to assist curriculum planners and classroom teachers in designing and implementing personal finance instruction to meet a variety of student needs, interests, and abilities. It is organized under five concept areas: employment and income, money management, credit, purchase of goods and services, and rights and…

  19. Personal Finance Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Board of Education, Salem.

    The guide was developed to aid teachers in planning and developing programs in personal finance education which will prepare students to function as intelligent consumers. Three case studies illustrating common consumer problems are followed by the body of the guide, focusing on five major topics and incorporating economic, social, and physical…

  20. Personal Information Retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fredrik Boström

    A distinct property of personal information retrieval compared to other information retrieval processes is that the piece of information sought for is already known to the user. It is a process where the user has seen and possibly processed the item on an earlier occasion and now needs it again for some reason. The time span between dealing with the

  1. Multiple personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Salama, A A

    1995-02-01

    This paper presents a description of Multiple Personality Disorder--its development, etiology, and presentation. The paper stresses the criteria for diagnosis that can help professionals to identify individuals at an early stage. An overview of treatment approaches and indications for hospitalization, length of treatment, and goals are also explained. PMID:7891008

  2. 'Person' in Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crane, Terese A.

    All research on curriculum development incorporates implicit assumptions about the nature of persons and the nature of learning. These assumptions fall into two major categories: (1) psychological assumptions, based on empirical descriptions; and (2) logical (conceptual) assumptions, which give explanatory accounts of meaning. Most curriculum…

  3. Personality Predicts Musical Sophistication

    E-print Network

    Greenberg, David M.; Müllensiefen, Daniel; Lamb, Michael E.; Rentfrow, Peter J.

    2015-06-09

    drug use was measured with one item: During your life, have you ever used ‘recreational’ drugs? (A drug, such as marijuana, used non- medically for personal enjoyment)”. Participants responded on a 7-point scale (“0 times”, “1 or 2 times”, “3 to 9...

  4. Dynamic personalities of proteins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine Henzler-Wildman; Dorothee Kern

    2007-01-01

    Because proteins are central to cellular function, researchers have sought to uncover the secrets of how these complex macromolecules execute such a fascinating variety of functions. Although static structures are known for many proteins, the functions of proteins are governed ultimately by their dynamic character (or 'personality'). The dream is to 'watch' proteins in action in real time at atomic

  5. Personalization in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yonezawa, Susan; McClure, Larry; Jones, Makeba

    2012-01-01

    Thoughtful educators personalize schools--greeting students by name, offering extra academic help, checking in about serious family problems. Some go further, such as setting up specialized clubs or internships with local businesses. Such acts benefit students, helping them feel connected to school and helping teachers and other staff respond to…

  6. Taking Library Leadership Personally

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Heather; Macauley, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines the emerging trends for leadership in the knowledge era. It discusses these within the context of leading, creating and sustaining the performance development cultures that libraries require. The first step is to recognise that we all need to take leadership personally no matter whether we see ourselves as leaders or followers.…

  7. Psychotherapy of Personality Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Gabbard, Glen O.

    2000-01-01

    Although personality disorders are often regarded as “untreatable” by third-party payers, there is actually a growing empirical literature suggesting that Axis II conditions may be eminently treatable by psychotherapy. This literature is critically reviewed, the implications for length of treatment are discussed, and cost-effectiveness issues are examined. PMID:10608903

  8. [Personality disorders and schizophrenia].

    PubMed

    Smulevich, A B

    2011-01-01

    Interactions of constitutional character anomalies with endogenous disease are considered. Deformation of personality structure caused by the endogenous process in light of traditional conceptions (personality disorders (PD) as the perversion of inherent traits or the formation of new traits due to the schizophrenic defect) and current conceptions (PD as Axis II disorders, comorbid to psychopathological presentations of Axis I, "recovery" conception) are viewed on the basis of amplification mechanisms, "splitting" etc that do not principally alter the initial premorbid structure. These correlations do not explain all the diversity of interactions between the abnormal personality structure and endogenous process. A mechanism of this interaction is realized according to the complete "substitution" of constitutional properties by psychopathological presentations of the previous psychosis. The data obtained suggest that these clinical formations further do not undergo the reverse development but, maintaining its syndrome completeness, during the stabilization of the schizophrenic process reduce to the level of "minor psychiatric disorders", i.e. to the level of border-line psychiatric pathology and duplicate the psychosis. Just in these cases the state may be determined as PD acquired during the lifetime per se. Based on the matrix reflecting the residual signs of the process, the restoration of the personality is implemented. PMID:21350405

  9. The Personal Touch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risley, Rod

    2013-01-01

    The use of personal student success stories as an advocacy tool provides a sense of reality for those of influence. In the case of community colleges, sharing stories of students overcoming adverse circumstances provides context to those who have never experienced community colleges or students' lives, including the depth and breadth of life…

  10. Sankey's Personal Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2011-01-01

    This paper takes issue with Derek Sankey's: "Minds, Brains, and Differences in Personal Understanding", "Educational Philosophy and Theory", 39 (2007), pp. 543-558 on the questions of the post-pedagogical classroom and the forms of knowledge. I then try to show that a theory of meaning framed in terms of normative pragmatics is better able than…

  11. Personalizing Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombs-Richardson, Rita

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses how a personal approach to online learning can yield a successful experience for adults earning advanced degrees or certification in teaching. Distance learning has become increasingly popular among learners with family and work obligations. Degree-seeking adult learners appreciate the flexibility and convenience of learning…

  12. Personalities Chomsky Hierarchy

    E-print Network

    Way, Andy

    revolution in psychology. Jie Jiang CHOMSKY HIERARCHY #12;Personalities Languages Grammars Chomsky Hierarchy Context Free Grammars Psychology Cognitive Revolution (1959) Universal grammar Jie Jiang CHOMSKY HIERARCHY Chomsky Marcel Sch¨utzenberger Marcel-Paul Sch¨utzenberger October 24, 1920 - July 29, 1996. French

  13. Personal Genres, Public Voices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielewicz, Jane

    2008-01-01

    Writing in personal genres, like autobiography, leads writers to public voices. Public voice is a discursive quality of a text that conveys the writer's authority and position relative to others. To show how voice and authority depend on genre, I analyze the autobiographies of two writers who take opposing positions on the same topic. By producing…

  14. Core features of personality disorder: differentiating general personality dysfunctioning from personality traits.

    PubMed

    Berghuis, Han; Kamphuis, Jan H; Verheul, Roel

    2012-10-01

    The distinction between general personality dysfunctioning (GPD) and specific personality traits (SPT) is an important focus of attention in the proposed revisions of the DSM-5. The present study explores the distinction between GPD and SPT using the self-report questionnaires General Assessment of Personality Disorder (GAPD) and Severity Indices for Personality Problems (SIPP-118) to measure GPD, and the NEO-PI-R to measure SPT. The sample consisted of 424 psychiatric patients. Using principal component analysis, GPD and SPT appeared to be clearly distinct components of personality. Our GPD model consisted of three factors, i.e., Self-identity dysfunctioning, Relational dysfunctioning, and Prosocial functioning. This model remained by and large intact when combined with SFT factors. Our findings support the distinction between personality traits and personality dysfunction laid down in the recent proposal by the Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group of the DSM-5 Task Force. PMID:23013339

  15. Personal health records: a scoping review.

    PubMed

    Archer, N; Fevrier-Thomas, U; Lokker, C; McKibbon, K A; Straus, S E

    2011-01-01

    Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be linked to physician electronic medical record systems, so PHR adoption is dependent on growth in electronic medical record adoption. Many PHR systems are physician-oriented, and do not include patient-oriented functionalities. These must be provided to support self-management and disease prevention if improvements in health outcomes are to be expected. Differences in patient motivation to use PHRs exist, but an overall low adoption rate is to be expected, except for the disabled, chronically ill, or caregivers for the elderly. Finally, trials of PHR effectiveness and sustainability for patient self-management are needed. PMID:21672914

  16. Personal health records: a scoping review

    PubMed Central

    Fevrier-Thomas, U; Lokker, C; McKibbon, K A; Straus, S E

    2011-01-01

    Electronic personal health record systems (PHRs) support patient centered healthcare by making medical records and other relevant information accessible to patients, thus assisting patients in health self-management. We reviewed the literature on PHRs including design, functionality, implementation, applications, outcomes, and benefits. We found that, because primary care physicians play a key role in patient health, PHRs are likely to be linked to physician electronic medical record systems, so PHR adoption is dependent on growth in electronic medical record adoption. Many PHR systems are physician-oriented, and do not include patient-oriented functionalities. These must be provided to support self-management and disease prevention if improvements in health outcomes are to be expected. Differences in patient motivation to use PHRs exist, but an overall low adoption rate is to be expected, except for the disabled, chronically ill, or caregivers for the elderly. Finally, trials of PHR effectiveness and sustainability for patient self-management are needed. PMID:21672914

  17. Personality Plus. (Your Guide to Better Health and Personal Development).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Concha, Hector

    This manual is designed to acquaint individuals with basic principles of personal health, grooming, and personality development. Addressed in the individual chapters of the guide are the following topics: self-evaluation and completion of a personal inventory; proper diet and principles of maintaining a sound body; relaxation techniques; key words…

  18. PERSONAL LEADERSHIP PROTECTS RESEARCH SUBJECTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Personal leadership promotes the ethical conduct of human research activities. Leadership entails application of one’s cognitive abilities, technical skills, and emotional intelligence during the conduct of research activities, Personal leadership assures human research subject protection....

  19. Personalizing situation awareness

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, Linn Marks [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roman, Jorge R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mane, Ketan K [RENCI

    2009-01-01

    Emergency responders need access to information but what counts as actionable information depends on their role, task, location, and other variables. For example, experts who have unique knowledge and experience and are called on to serve as scientific and teclmical responders, require correspondingly unique situation awareness in order to do their work. In our research-in-progress we leverage emerging and evolving web and digital library technologies to create personalized situation awareness tools that address the needs of these scientific and technical responders in real time, through focused information collection, extraction, integration, representation, and dissemination. We describe three personalized situation awareness tools in this paper: the Theme Awareness Tool (THEMAT), Social Awareness Tool (SAT), and Expertise Awareness Tool (EXPAT). The concepts and technologies we are developing in collaboration with experts apply to those who use the Web, in general, and offer an approach to the general issue of HCI design for emergencies.

  20. Nanoproteomics enabling personalized nanomedicine.

    PubMed

    Nicolini, Claudio; Bragazzi, Nicola; Pechkova, Eugenia

    2012-10-01

    Nucleic Acid Programmable Protein Arrays utilize a complex mammalian cell free expression system to produce proteins in situ. In alternative to fluorescent-labeled approaches a new label free method, emerging from the combined utilization of three independent and complementary nanotechnological approaches, appears capable to analyze protein function and protein-protein interaction in studies promising for personalized medicine. Quartz Micro Circuit nanogravimetry, based on frequency and dissipation factor, mass spectrometry and anodic porous alumina overcomes indeed the limits of correlated fluorescence detection plagued by the background still present after extensive washes. This could be further optimized by a homogeneous and well defined bacterial cell free expression system capable to realize the ambitious objective to quantify the regulatory protein networks in humans. Implications for personalized medicine of the above label free protein array using different test genes proteins are reported. PMID:22820526

  1. Personality types of entrepreneurs.

    PubMed

    Müller, Günter F; Gappisch, Cathrin

    2005-06-01

    85 German entrepreneurs were psychometrically assessed on 12 primary trait characteristics. The sample consisted of 49 men and 36 women whose mean age was 45.6 yr. (SD= 10.3). Occupational domains were production (40%) and services (60%). The mean duration of entrepreneurship within these domains was 13.1 yr. (SD=9.3). By factor analysis five personality types of entrepreneurs could be identified: Creative Acquisitor, Controlled Perseverator, Distant Achiever, Rational Manager, and Egocentric Agitator. These types correspond with types found in research by Miner and with the Myer-Briggs Indicator. In addition, correlations between general type potential and both job and life satisfaction of entrepreneurs were found. The results are discussed with regard to intercultural stability of personality types and implications for research and application. PMID:16050632

  2. Scholarship Search Profile Personal Information

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Scholarship Search Profile Personal Information Name: ____________________________________ Address) ________________________________________________________________________ Other interests · Sports or Hobbies · Talents (art, music, writing, etc.) · Skills · Career

  3. Our personal space.

    PubMed

    Suthers, M

    2000-10-01

    Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) as a model of human behaviour is presented. Its basic tenets and the factors that give rise to the physiological and emotional response to an external event are described. A number of psychotherapeutic interventions are also described, along with the influence of NLP on sporting and academic success. Finally, an exploration of these ideas for the purpose of contributing to personal well-being is given. PMID:11709956

  4. Personality Disorders and Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan L. Ettner

    \\u000a The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I\\u000a and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I disorders are clinical disorders such as depression,\\u000a anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Axis II disorders are personality disorders (PDs), defined as “pervasive, inflexible,\\u000a and enduring patterns of inner experiences and behavior that can

  5. First-Person Accounts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gribs, H.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Personal accounts describe the lives of 2 individuals with deaf-blindness, one an 87-year-old woman who was deaf from birth and became totally blind over a 50-year period and the other of a woman who became deaf-blind as a result of a fever at the age of 7. Managing activities of daily life and experiencing sensory hallucinations are among topics…

  6. Personalized Medicine for Gliomas

    PubMed Central

    Ene, Chibawanye I.; Holland, Eric C.

    2015-01-01

    Personalized medicine for cancer entails tailoring therapy for each patient based on unique features of the patient's tumor; physiologic, molecular, genetic and epigenetic. Our ability to molecularly characterize tumor cells has increased dramatically and shown that there are significant differences between samples from patients with the same tumor type. Given this extensive variability in mutations and pathways driving tumors in patients, seeking a single bullet is an unrealistic approach for achieving a cure. In glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common adult brain tumor, this inter-tumoral heterogeneity is further complicated by intra-tumoral heterogeneity within the tumor. This suggests that for personalized therapy to work for GBMs, pharmacologic agents would not only be tailored to target the differences from patient to patient but also the clonal diversity within each patient's tumor. In this review, we provide a historical perspective on clinical trials for cancer. We also discuss the current state of molecular biology and immunology based strategies for personalized therapies for glioblastoma multiforme. PMID:25722938

  7. Personalized Medicine and Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Mukesh

    2012-01-01

    Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, and more than 1.5 million new cases and more than 0.5 million deaths were reported during 2010 in the United States alone. Following completion of the sequencing of the human genome, substantial progress has been made in characterizing the human epigenome, proteome, and metabolome; a better understanding of pharmacogenomics has been developed, and the potential for customizing health care for the individual has grown tremendously. Recently, personalized medicine has mainly involved the systematic use of genetic or other information about an individual patient to select or optimize that patient’s preventative and therapeutic care. Molecular profiling in healthy and cancer patient samples may allow for a greater degree of personalized medicine than is currently available. Information about a patient’s proteinaceous, genetic, and metabolic profile could be used to tailor medical care to that individual’s needs. A key attribute of this medical model is the development of companion diagnostics, whereby molecular assays that measure levels of proteins, genes, or specific mutations are used to provide a specific therapy for an individual’s condition by stratifying disease status, selecting the proper medication, and tailoring dosages to that patient’s specific needs. Additionally, such methods can be used to assess a patient’s risk factors for a number of conditions and to tailor individual preventative treatments. Recent advances, challenges, and future perspectives of personalized medicine in cancer are discussed. PMID:25562699

  8. Explaining Scenarios for Information Personalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naren Ramakrishnan; Mary Beth Rosson; John M. Carroll

    2001-01-01

    Personalization customizes information access. The PIPE ('Personalization is Partial Evaluation') modeling methodology represents interaction with an information space as a program. The program is then specialized to a user's known interests or information seeking activity by the technique of partial evaluation. In this paper, we elaborate PIPE by considering requirements analysis in the personalization lifecycle. We investigate the use of

  9. Towards personalized distributed information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark James Carman; Fabio Crestani

    2008-01-01

    Our aim is to investigate if and how the performance of Distributed Information Retrieval (DIR) systems can be improved through personalization. Toward this aim we are building a testbed of document collections and corresponding personalized relevance judgments. In this paper we discuss our intended approach for personalizing the three different phases of the DIR process. We also describe the test

  10. Dimensions of multiple personality disorder.

    PubMed

    Murray, J B

    1994-06-01

    Research on multiple personality disorder (MPD) has burgeoned, and large-scale investigations indicate that a typical MPD patient is a woman, a victim of childhood abuse (especially sexual abuse), a person whose symptoms meet criteria for other psychiatric disorders, and a person who would employ many psychological defenses. Treatment approaches have frequently included hypnotherapy, which requires skill and caution. PMID:7931198

  11. FINANCE 532 Personal Financial Planning

    E-print Network

    Carter, John

    FINANCE 532 Personal Financial Planning Winter Quarter, 2014 Instructor John Epping Office Pigott confusion over the topics discussed. TEXTBOOK The textbook is the Fifth Edition of PERSONAL FINANCE by Jeff to be an introduction to and overview of personal financial planning. The goal of this course is for you to learn basic

  12. PERSONAL FINANCE COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON

    E-print Network

    Young, Paul Thomas

    PERSONAL FINANCE COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON COURSE SYLLABUS COURSE NUMBER: FINC-120 SECTION 001 student. REQUIRED TEXT: PERSONAL FINANCE: KAPOOR, DLABAY, AND HUGES: MCGRAW-HILL 10TH EDITION COURSE field with the knowledge and skills to manage their personal finances in an effective manner. OBJECTIVES

  13. Personalized healthcare through intelligent gadgets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyeju Jang; Sanghyun Kim; Changseok Bae

    2008-01-01

    An intelligent gadget is a wearable platform which is reconfigurable, scalable, and component-based and which can be equipped, carried as a personal accessory, or in a certain case, implanted internally into a body. Various kinds of personal information can be gathered with intelligent gadgets, and that information is used to provide specially personalized services to people in the ubiquitous computing

  14. Words matter: distinguishing "personalized medicine" and "biologically personalized therapeutics".

    PubMed

    Cherny, Nathan I; de Vries, Elisabeth G E; Emanuel, Linda; Fallowfield, Lesley; Francis, Prudence A; Gabizon, Alberto; Piccart, Martine J; Sidransky, David; Soussan-Gutman, Lior; Tziraki, Chariklia

    2014-12-01

    "Personalized medicine" has become a generic term referring to techniques that evaluate either the host or the disease to enhance the likelihood of beneficial patient outcomes from treatment interventions. There is, however, much more to personalization of care than just identifying the biotherapeutic strategy with the highest likelihood of benefit. In its new meaning, "personalized medicine" could overshadow the individually tailored, whole-person care that is at the bedrock of what people need and want when they are ill. Since names and definitional terms set the scope of the discourse, they have the power to define what personalized medicine includes or does not include, thus influencing the scope of the professional purview regarding the delivery of personalized care. Taxonomic accuracy is important in understanding the differences between therapeutic interventions that are distinguishable in their aims, indications, scope, benefits, and risks. In order to restore the due emphasis to the patient and his or her needs, we assert that it is necessary, albeit belated, to deconflate the contemporary term "personalized medicine" by taxonomizing this therapeutic strategy more accurately as "biologically personalized therapeutics" (BPT). The scope of truly personalized medicine and its relationship to biologically personalized therapeutics is described, emphasizing that the best of care must give due recognition and emphasis to both BPT and truly personalized medicine. PMID:25293984

  15. DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak

    E-print Network

    Zwolak, Michael

    DNA Sequencing via Electron Tunneling Michael Zwolak Department of Physics Oregon State University-cost DNA sequencing methods would revolutionize medicine: a person could have his/her full genome sequenced of "personalized medicine" is hampered today by the high cost and slow speed of DNA sequencing methods. We

  16. Personality types of oncology nurses.

    PubMed

    Bean, C A; Holcombe, J K

    1993-12-01

    Personality type influences the choice of occupation. The breadth of specialty areas within oncology nursing allows for divergent activities and relationships and, thus, the accommodation of different personality characteristics. This exploratory study examined personality types for a convenience sample of oncology nurses predominantly employed in hospitals. According to the personality typology defined by Carl Jung, a person demonstrates a preference among four dimensions, i.e., extraversion/introversion, sensory/intuition, thinking/feeling, and judging/perceiving. The type with the strongest self-selection for these oncology nurses was ISFJ, where feeling is introverted and perception is practical, so that helping others is both a responsibility and a pleasure. The discussion relates the personality types to Jung's theory and their impact in clinical practice. Strengths and weaknesses of each personality type are described. PMID:8111753

  17. Personality Disorders in Persons with Gender Identity Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Duišin, Dragana; Batini?, Borjanka; Bariši?, Jasmina; Djordjevic, Miroslav L.; Vujovi?, Svetlana; Bizic, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Background. Investigations in the field of gender identity disorder (GID) have been mostly related to psychiatric comorbidity and severe psychiatric disorders, but have focused less on personality and personality disorders (PDs). Aims. The aim of the study was to assess the presence of PDs in persons with GID as compared to cisgendered (a cisgender person is a person who is content to remain the gender they were assigned at birth) heterosexuals, as well as to biological sex. Methods. The study sample consisted of 30 persons with GID and 30 cisgendered heterosexuals from the general population. The assessment of PDs was conducted by application of the self-administered Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II PDs (SCID-II). Results. Persons with GID compared to cisgender heterosexuals have higher presence of PDs, particularly Paranoid PD, avoidant PDs, and comorbid PDs. In addition, MtF (transwomen are people assigned male at birth who identify as women) persons are characterized by a more severe psychopathological profile. Conclusions. Assessment of PDs in persons with GID is of great importance as it comprises a key part of personalized treatment plan tailoring, as well as a prognostic factor for sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) outcome. PMID:24959629

  18. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...prescribed: (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...10318, Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

  19. 42 CFR 32.6 - Persons eligible.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...EXAMINATIONS MEDICAL CARE FOR PERSONS WITH HANSEN'S DISEASE AND OTHER PERSONS IN EMERGENCIES...prescribed: (1) Persons afflicted with Hansen's disease; and (2) Non-beneficiaries...10318, Mar. 11, 1983] Persons With Hansen's...

  20. Electronic Journal of Sociology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Billed as "the world's first and longest running electronic journal of sociology", the Electronic Journal of Sociology has been in existence in 1994. The Journal's home is at Athabasca University, and persons with an interest in submitting materials for potential inclusion in a future edition of the Journal will want to take a look at their guidelines straight away. Members of the general public may want to browse around in the archives, which contain articles titled "Children and Young People's Status in Iran: Profiles and Challenge" and "Disembodiment and Cyberspace". The site is rounded out by a section where visitors can read new announcements from the editors and also offer feedback.

  1. Roadmap to personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    Qattan, Malak; Demonacos, Constantinos; Krstic-Demonacos, Marija

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Standard clinical protocols and the concept “one drug fits all” that are currently used to treat illness in many cases are not effective, and strikingly so in the treatment of cancer, where 75% of therapeutic schemes are ineffective. The concept of personalized medicine is that the treatment of the disease is designed on the basis of the individual needs of each patient and the factors that influence their response to different drugs. Individualization of patient care has the potential to generate novel effective therapies, limit the adverse drug effects, create optimal treatments for individual patients, and decrease the cost associated with chronic illness and complications of drug usage. However, to achieve the goals of personalized medicine many challenges must be addressed. Here we discuss possible ways to increase the consistency of data generated by basic research and their suitability for application in medicine. New technologies employing systems biology and computer based approaches will facilitate overcoming many of the scientific challenges in the field. Changes in the education of researchers, health professionals, and the public are also required to successfully implement personalized medicine as a routine in the clinic. Finally, shift of the focus away from the development of blockbuster drugs in the biopharmaceutical industry, and modifications in the legal system to accommodate novel advancements need to be considered. The joint effort of all interested parties is needed to generate an efficient roadmap that will take us rapidly and safely to effective individual treatment, which will eliminate diseases and create better health care for all. PMID:22911518

  2. Surfer Beware: Personal Privacy and the Internet

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    In conjunction with the US Federal Trade Commission's Public Workshop on Consumer Information Privacy held June 10-13, 1997, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) has released this short report, based on its review of "100 of the most frequently visited web sites on the Internet." The report discusses the collection of personal information, privacy policies, and browser cookie use at these sites. An appendix table details results of the review in seven categories. EPIC, a public interest research group that focuses on "emerging civil liberties issues and...privacy," offers a wealth of information related to civil liberties and privacy in the networked environment.

  3. Materials for Stretchable Electronics: Electronic Eyeballs, Brain Monitors, and Other Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A

    2009-01-01

    Electronic circuits that involve transistors and related components on thin plastic sheets or rubber slabs offer mechanical properties (e.g. bendability, stretchability) and other features (e.g. lightweight, rugged construction) which cannot be easily achieved with technologies that use rigid, fragile semiconductor wafer or glass substrates. Device examples include personal or structural health monitors and electronic eye imagers, in which the electronics

  4. Bridging a gap in the proposed personal health record

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wai Gen Yee; Brett Trockman

    2006-01-01

    The emerging electronic health record infrastructure is guiding records to be stored in repositories that collectively supply a patient's comprehensive health history. However, legal and technological constraints may keep such a system from delivering health histories in a timely manner (i.e., when medical attention is needed). To get around this, we propose a design for a portable personal health record

  5. A Framework for Personal Health Records in the Philippines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alvin B. Marcelo

    The advent of Internet technology has made it easier for consumers to participate in the management of their own health records. Add to this the proliferation of person-based devices that allow consumers to hold on to electronic copies of their health data (e.g., in their cellphones, PDAs, flash drives). Traditionally, health records have been maintained in hospitals, and patients could

  6. The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their…

  7. Evolutionary genomics of animal personality

    PubMed Central

    van Oers, Kees; Mueller, Jakob C.

    2010-01-01

    Research on animal personality can be approached from both a phenotypic and a genetic perspective. While using a phenotypic approach one can measure present selection on personality traits and their combinations. However, this approach cannot reconstruct the historical trajectory that was taken by evolution. Therefore, it is essential for our understanding of the causes and consequences of personality diversity to link phenotypic variation in personality traits with polymorphisms in genomic regions that code for this trait variation. Identifying genes or genome regions that underlie personality traits will open exciting possibilities to study natural selection at the molecular level, gene–gene and gene–environment interactions, pleiotropic effects and how gene expression shapes personality phenotypes. In this paper, we will discuss how genome information revealed by already established approaches and some more recent techniques such as high-throughput sequencing of genomic regions in a large number of individuals can be used to infer micro-evolutionary processes, historical selection and finally the maintenance of personality trait variation. We will do this by reviewing recent advances in molecular genetics of animal personality, but will also use advanced human personality studies as case studies of how molecular information may be used in animal personality research in the near future. PMID:21078651

  8. Electron crystallography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, X. D.; Hovmoeller, S.

    2008-01-01

    Different techniques for structure determination from transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction are reviewed, including three-dimensional reconstruction, the precession technique and ultrafast electron crystallography. Examples of electron-crystallography applications are given.

  9. e-Perceptions: Personality Impressions Based on Personal Websites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simine Vazire; Samuel D. Gosling

    2004-01-01

    This research examined the accuracy of personality impressions based on personal websites, a rapidly growing medium for self-expression, where identity claims are predominant. Eighty-nine websites were viewed by 11 observers, who rated the website authors' personalities. The ratings were compared with an accuracy criterion (self- and informant reports) and with the authors' ideal-self ratings. The websites elicited high levels of

  10. Nanotheranostics for personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae Hyung; Lee, Seulki; Chen, Xiaoyuan

    2013-04-01

    Nanotheranostics, the integration of diagnostic and therapeutic function in one system using the benefits of nanotechnology, is extremely attractive for personalized medicine. Because treating cancer is not a one-size-fits-all scenario, it requires therapy to be adapted to the patient's specific biomolecules. Personalized and precision medicine (PM) does just that. It identifies biomarkers to gain an understanding of the diagnosis and in turn treating the specific disorder based on the precise diagnosis. By predominantly utilizing the unique properties of nanoparticles to achieve biomarker identification and drug delivery, nanotheranostics can be applied to noninvasively discover and target image biomarkers and further deliver treatment based on the biomarker distribution. This is a large and hopeful role theranostics must fill. However, as described in this expert opinion, current nanotechnology-based theranostics systems engineered for PM applications are not yet sufficient. PM is an ever-growing field that will be a driving force for future discoveries in biomedicine, especially cancer theranostics. In this article, the authors dissect the requirements for successful nanotheranostics-based PM. PMID:23570404

  11. Chronology of Personal Computers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Polsson, Ken.

    This document by Ken Polsson "is an attempt to bring various published sources together to present a timeline about Personal Computers." The author has posted this document online as he continues to work on a book project, for which he has browsed extensively through various sources for historical information related to personal computers. The document provides a brief summary of "the essential happenings that shaped the industry." The full text, which contains close to 3,000 entries, is available for purchase. This online document represents the start of the timeline "to show you the quality of the material" and begins in 1947 with the invention of the point-contact transistor amplifier by three scientists at Bell Telephone Laboratories and ends in December, 1977 with a victory by Microsoft in an important legal battle against Pertec, on ownership of the BASIC software Bill Gates and Paul Allen wrote and licensed to MITS. The references are listed in a separate file, which is also available online.

  12. [Computerized EEG and personality].

    PubMed

    Ramírez Pérez, A; Martínez López-Coterilla, M; Fajardo López, A; Lardelli Claret, A

    1989-01-01

    The ordinary EEG, on only showing qualitative malfunction of abnormal graphoelements in the tracings, proves itself insufficient to go into the analysis of psychological and psycho-pathological problems. Since computerised studies of EEG permit quantitative comparisons, we tried to apply them in correlation with the characteristics of the personality classified also with quantitative criteria, such as those offered in the personality inventory 16 PF; from which have been chosen the so-called factors of the second order, and the subjectivity-objectivity factors. The test was carried out on 100 voluntary subjects from Almeria (Spain), all with High School grades, between 18 and 40 years of age, of both sexes, all right-handed, without neuro-psychiatric history, and with normal ordinary EEGs. From the statistical analysis of the results one could deduce that there are significant specific relationships from the computerised EEG, with those secondary polar values of 16 PF: high and low anxiety, extroversion-introversion. Subjects with low anxiety presented a significant increase of the alpha band opposed to the subjects with high anxiety. There is a significant differences in power of the frontal areas between extrovert and introvert subjects. The extroverted subjects have a greater power of the right side and the introverted subjects a greater power of the left. PMID:2698596

  13. Advancing personalized health care through health information technology: an update from the American Health Information Community's Personalized Health Care Workgroup.

    PubMed

    Glaser, John; Henley, Douglas E; Downing, Gregory; Brinner, Kristin M

    2008-01-01

    The Personalized Health Care Workgroup of the American Health Information Community was formed to determine what is needed to promote standard reporting and incorporation of medical genetic/genomic tests and family health history data in electronic health records. The Workgroup has examined and clarified a range of issues related to this information, including interoperability standards and requirements for confidentiality, privacy, and security, in the course of developing recommendations to facilitate its capture, storage, transmission, and use in clinical decision support. The Workgroup is one of several appointed by the American Health Information Community to study high-priority issues related to the implementation of interoperable electronic health records in the United States. It is also a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Personalized Health Care Initiative, which is designed to create a foundation upon which information technology that supports personalized, predictive, and pre-emptive health care can be built. PMID:18436899

  14. Personal Computer Software License Agreement 1. WARRANTY DISCLAIMER, BINDING AGREEMENT AND ADDITIONAL TERMS AND AGREEMENTS.

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    in the Documentation. "Computer" means a virtual machine or physical personal electronic device that accepts with hardware to operate general purpose laptop, desktop, server, and large format tablet microprocessor based

  15. Using Personal Computers To Acquire Special Education Information. Revised. ERIC Digest #429.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

    This digest offers basic information about resources, available to users of personal computers, in the area of professional development in special education. Two types of resources are described: those that can be purchased on computer diskettes and those made available by linking personal computers through electronic telephone networks. Resources…

  16. Privacy policies of personal health records: an evaluation of their effectiveness in protecting patient information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorenzo Martino; Suchit Ahuja

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been growing demand by patients for access to their own health information via tools like Personal Health Records [1]. The Markle Foundation [2] defines the Personal Health Record (PHR) as an electronic application through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information in a secure and confidential environment. PHRs are emerging and consolidating

  17. Renewable Energy Use Advantages of Maglev-Based Personal Rapid Transit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Baertsch; Jared Dunnmon

    2010-01-01

    Maglev personal rapid transit (MPRT) is a personal rapid transit (PRT) system that uses renewable energy in usage, distribution, and generation. A PRT system provides on-demand service in a manner similar to the automobile. Different types of PRT have different impacts on the electrical grid load. Recent advances in power electronics and maglev technology allow for the design of a

  18. Personalizing Results of Information Retrieval Systems Using Extended Fuzzy Concept Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Parham Moradi; M. Ebrahim; M. M. Ebadzadeh

    2008-01-01

    The increasing of the electronic documents and users has led to the creation of new paradigms of personalizing results of information retrieval systems and its goal is to better service to users based on their profiles. Personalized content retrieval aims at improving the retrieval process by taking into account the particular interests of individual users. The goal of information retrieval

  19. PowerScan: a single-switch environmental control system for persons with disabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhenduo Han; Hua Jiang; P. Scucces; S. Robidoux; Ying Sun

    2000-01-01

    The single switch environmental control system is a project that is geared to aid persons with disabilities such as paraplegia, and quadriplegia. This system will allow a person to have complete control over all electronic devices within their surroundings, by using a single switch

  20. CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Kuehnlenz, Kolja

    ://www.nst.ei.tum.de/team/cristian-axenie/ http://robotics.viviti.com Citizenship Romanian Date of birth 14th of April 1986 ACADEMIC RECORD Control, Faculty of Automation, Computers, Electrical and Electronics Eng., Dunrea de Jos University of Timioara, Romania Mobile Robot Fault Tolerant Control. June 2008 Invited paper at International Student

  1. Hispanic or Latino A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regard-less of race.

    E-print Network

    Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American. Internet (Website, Electronic Bulletin Board) . E. Other (explain). Michigan Technological University

  2. Lesson 12a: Various Personalities

    E-print Network

    [old woman] kikongwe; mzee [old person] kingori [young man] mtanashati [teenage boy] mume; mwanamume; janadume [man] #12;mwari [young woman] mwanamwali [teenage girl] mke; mwanamke; janajike [woman] tajiri

  3. Risk taking and personality.

    PubMed

    Levenson, M R

    1990-06-01

    Comparisons were made of the personality and social orientations of antisocial risk takers, defined as residents in a long-term drug-treatment facility (N = 24); adventurous risk takers, defined as rock climbers (N = 18); and prosocial risk takers, or heroes, defined as policemen and firemen decorated for bravery (N = 21). Measures included substance abuse proclivity, emotional arousability, conformity, moral reasoning, empathy, psychopathy, and sensation seeking. Discriminant analysis identified two functions that correctly classified 98.18% of the sample. Drug-unit residents had high scores on an Antisocial function, characterized by emotionality, depression, psychopathy, substance abuse proclivity, and lower scores on moral reasoning. Rock climbers had high scores on an Antistructural function, characterized by sensation seeking and moral reasoning, the latter reflecting the higher education level of the rock climbers. Neither discriminant function characterized the heroes. Thus, drug-unit residents, rock climbers, and heroes appear to represent both different psychological types and different forms of risk taking. PMID:2391639

  4. Personal computers on Ethernet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kao, R.

    1988-01-01

    Many researchers in the Division have projects which require transferring large files between their personal computers (PC) and VAX computers in the Laboratory for Oceans Computing Facility (LOCF). Since Ethernet local area network provides high speed communication channels which make file transfers (among other capabilities) practical, a network plan was assembled to connect IBM and IBM compatible PC's to Ethernet for participating personnel. The design employs ThinWire Ethernet technology. A simplified configuration diagram is shown. A DEC multiport repeater (DEMPR) is used for connection of ThinWire Ethernet segments. One port of DEMPR is connected to a H4000 transceiver and the transceiver is clamped onto the Goddard Ethernet backbonecoaxial cable so that the PC's can be optionally on the SPAN network. All these common elements were successfully installed and tested.

  5. Personal Display Wall

    SciTech Connect

    Shalf, John; Bethel, E. Wes; Siegerist, Cristina

    2004-01-01

    The LBNL Visualization Group has created a tiled display wall design that uses components that are readily available from a local hardware store and/or multiple online vendors, and requires minimal tools and skill to assemble. The result is a low-cost, easy to assemble tiled display device that is readily accessible to visualization researchers and domain scientists alike. The LBNL Personal Display (PD) Wall differentiates itself from other LCD-matrix displays because its design minimizes cost and complexity while retaining the functionality of its more expensive tiled display brethren. The PD-Wall occupies the same amount of desktop area as a large flatscreen LCD display panel. LBNL will be publishing and distributing simple plans so that any laboratory or user site can construct their own copies of this device.

  6. Personal watercraft vehicle engine

    SciTech Connect

    Webb, E.H.

    1991-12-17

    This paper describes a personal watercraft vehicle engine. It comprises: a crankcase having an upper portion and a lower portion a crankshaft operatively mounted in the crankcase, the crankshaft residing in a substantially horizontal orientation, the crankshaft having a longitudinal axis; a sealed flywheel housing, the sealed flywheel housing being axially aligned with the crankshaft; a flywheel cooperatively connected to the crankshaft, the flywheel residing in the flywheel housing, the flywheel housing being rigidly affixed to the crankcase; the flywheel having a plurality of gear teeth around its periphery; and a starter mounted in an opening defined in a plane parallel to the crankshaft and perpendicular to the starter axis, the starter being perpendicular to the crankshaft, in an upper-most portion of the sealed flywheel housing, the starter having a pinion gear, the pinion gear being engagable with the plurality of gear teeth on the periphery of the flywheel, whereby the starter is not as adversely affected by water.

  7. Personalized cancer care conference.

    PubMed

    Zänker, Kurt S; Mihich, Enrico; Huber, Hans-Peter; Borresen-Dale, Anne-Lise

    2013-01-01

    The Oslo University Hospital (Norway), the K.G. Jebsen Centre for Breast Cancer Research (Norway), The Radiumhospital Foundation (Norway) and the Fritz-Bender-Foundation (Germany) designed under the conference chairmen (E. Mihich, K.S. Zänker, A.L. Borresen-Dale) and advisory committee (A. Borg, Z. Szallasi, O. Kallioniemi, H.P. Huber) a program at the cutting edge of "PERSONALIZED CANCER CARE: Risk prediction, early diagnosis, progression and therapy resistance." The conference was held in Oslo from September 7 to 9, 2012 and the science-based presentations concerned six scientific areas: (1) Genetic profiling of patients, prediction of risk, late side effects; (2) Molecular profiling of tumors and metastases; (3) Tumor-host microenvironment interaction and metabolism; (4) Targeted therapy; (5) Translation and (6) Informed consent, ethical challenges and communication. Two satellite workshops on (i) Ion Ampliseq-a novel tool for large scale mutation detection; and (ii) Multiplex RNA ISH and tissue homogenate assays for cancer biomarker validation were additionally organized. The report concludes that individual risk prediction in carcinogenesis and/or metastatogenesis based on polygenic profiling may be useful for intervention strategies for health care and therapy planning in the future. To detect distinct and overlapping DNA sequence alterations in tumor samples and adjacent normal tissues, including point mutations, small insertions or deletions, copy number changes and chromosomal rearrangements will eventually make it possible to design personalized management plans for individualized patients. However, large individualized datasets need a new approach in bio-information technology to reduce this enormous data dimensionally to simply working hypotheses about health and disease for each individual. PMID:25562519

  8. Personalization in Cultural Heritage Personalization in Cultural Heritage: The

    E-print Network

    Ardissono, Liliana

    Personalization in Cultural Heritage 1 Personalization in Cultural Heritage: The Road Travelled to exploit cultural heritage material before, during and after the visit, having different goals and requirements in each phase. However, cultural heritage sites have a huge amount of information to present

  9. Personal Statement James Davis -Page 1 of 2 Personal Statement

    E-print Network

    Davis, James E.

    Personal Statement ­ James Davis - Page 1 of 2 Personal Statement Academic Personnel Review: teaching, inspiring students, inventing technology, and thinking. Let me quote from the research statement venue in computer graphics, and 6 of the papers were presented at the premiere computer vision

  10. MIE -H&S -08 -Personal Protection Personal Protection

    E-print Network

    MIE - H&S - 08 - Personal Protection Personal Protection 1. Safety glasses must be worn when any. Good ventilation must be maintained in the work area. 7. Hearing protection must be worn when working protection Please proceed to take the Test for this section. Answering 4 out of 6 questions is a pass and you

  11. Elby Defining personal epistemology p. 1 Defining personal epistemology

    E-print Network

    Elby, Andy

    & Pintrich and Sandoval Andrew Elby Dept. of Physics and Dept. of Curriculum & Instruction University researchers, including Hofer & Pintrich (1997) and Sandoval (2005), argue for defining personal epistemology not reached consensus about how to define personal epistemology. Some, such as Hofer & Pintrich (1997

  12. Electron radiography

    DOEpatents

    Merrill, Frank E.; Morris, Christopher

    2005-05-17

    A system capable of performing radiography using a beam of electrons. Diffuser means receive a beam of electrons and diffuse the electrons before they enter first matching quadrupoles where the diffused electrons are focused prior to the diffused electrons entering an object. First imaging quadrupoles receive the focused diffused electrons after the focused diffused electrons have been scattered by the object for focusing the scattered electrons. Collimator means receive the scattered electrons and remove scattered electrons that have scattered to large angles. Second imaging quadrupoles receive the collimated scattered electrons and refocus the collimated scattered electrons and map the focused collimated scattered electrons to transverse locations on an image plane representative of the electrons' positions in the object.

  13. Multimethod Investigation of Interpersonal Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Stepp, Stephanie D.; Hallquist, Michael N.; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Pilkonis, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Even though interpersonal functioning is of great clinical importance for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), the comparative validity of different assessment methods for interpersonal dysfunction has not yet been tested. This study examined multiple methods of assessing interpersonal functioning, including self- and other-reports, clinical ratings, electronic diaries, and social cognitions in three groups of psychiatric patients (N=138): patients with (1) BPD, (2) another personality disorder, and (3) Axis I psychopathology only. Using dominance analysis, we examined the predictive validity of each method in detecting changes in symptom distress and social functioning six months later. Across multiple methods, the BPD group often reported higher interpersonal dysfunction scores compared to other groups. Predictive validity results demonstrated that self-report and electronic diary ratings were the most important predictors of distress and social functioning. Our findings suggest that self-report scores and electronic diary ratings have high clinical utility, as these methods appear most sensitive to change. PMID:21808661

  14. Anonymous Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Usman Iqbal; Samsung Lim

    2007-01-01

    Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) has attracted major attention to charge toll from motorists without the need for them to stop at toll plazas. For ETC to perform its operations, it requires the identification information of the transponder attached to the windscreen. This convenience of a faster trip is at the cost of the loss of personal autonomy and privacy. This

  15. Personalized Medicine in Cardiovascular Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Moo-Sik; Flammer, Andreas J.; Lerman, Lilach O.

    2012-01-01

    Personalized medicine is a novel medical model with all decisions and practices being tailored to individual patients in whatever ways possible. In the era of genomics, personalized medicine combines the genetic information for additional benefit in preventive and therapeutic strategies. Personalized medicine may allow the physician to provide a better therapy for patients in terms of efficiency, safety and treatment length to reduce the associated costs. There was a remarkable growth in scientific publication on personalized medicine within the past few years in the cardiovascular field. However, so far, only very few cardiologists in the USA are incorporating personalized medicine into clinical treatment. We review the concepts, strengths, limitations and challenges of personalized medicine with a particular focus on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). There are many challenges from both scientific and policy perspectives to personalized medicine, which can overcome them by comprehensive concept and understanding, clinical application, and evidence based practices. Individualized medicine serves a pivotal role in the evolution of national and global healthcare reform, especially, in the CVDs fields. Ultimately, personalized medicine will affect the entire landscape of health care system in the near future. PMID:23091501

  16. A Personality typology of smokers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Patton; Gordon E. Barnes; Robert P. Murray

    1997-01-01

    The study of smoker's personality has a long and controversial history. Smokers tend to be more extroverted, tense, and anxious and have more antisocial characteristics than nonsmokers. However, some of the data is contradictory, and the strength of the relationship between personality and smoking is weak, probably because smokers are not a homogeneous group. To test this possibility, we used

  17. Appendix T. Personalizing Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrison, Jesse

    Two basic reasons compel a strong personalizing emphasis--a concern for the teacher-as-a-person--in the model teacher education program. Both are directly related to the "global objective" of providing for adaptive capabilities. The first reason derives from the already established mental health movement in our schools--the accepted responsibility…

  18. Mobile Mapping and Personal Driving

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    · Focus on estimated travel time · Discrete sensors (i.e. cell phones, GPS, cameras) Personal experienceMobile Mapping and Personal Driving History Aaron Clamage, Ben Bederson, Catherine Plaisant Human the best Aha! Build a system based on driving history! #12;A Driver-Centric Approach Decentralized data

  19. Patterns of Personal Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Scott

    2008-01-01

    The use of design patterns is now well established as an approach within the field of software systems as well as within the field of architecture. An initial effort was made to harness patterns as a tool for elaborating the design of the elements of personal learning environments as part of the University of Bolton's Personal Learning Environment…

  20. Goals and Personality in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanz de Acedo Lizarraga, M. L.; Ugarte, M. D.; Lumbreras, M. Victoria; Sanz de Acedo Baquedano, M. T.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of personality factors in the value allotted by adolescents to various groups of goals. For this purpose, the "Cuestionario de Personalidad Situacional, CPS" (Situational Personality Questionnaire) and the "Cuestionario de Metas para Adolescentes, CMA" (Goals for Adolescents Questionnaire)…

  1. Personalizing user-agent interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silvia N. Schiaffino; Analía Amandi

    2006-01-01

    Interface agents are computer programs that provide personalized assistance to users with their computer-based tasks. The interface agents developed so far have focused their attention on learning a user's preferences in a given application domain and on assisting him according to them. However, in order to personalize the interaction with users, interface agents should also learn how to best interact

  2. Intelligent Agents Generating Personal Newspapers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Cordero; P. Roldan; S. Schiafino; Analía Amandi

    1999-01-01

    NewsAgent i s an intelligent t ype of agent t hat has the capability of generating personal newspapers from particular user preferences extracted by observation and feedback. This agent generates personal newspapers using static word analysis for extracting a global classification and case-based reasoning for dynamic sub- classification. The agent observes users by an applet with capabilities of detecting changes

  3. Personal Analytical Calendar Sanaz Tavakkol

    E-print Network

    Tory, Melanie

    i Personal Analytical Calendar by Sanaz Tavakkol Bachelor of Science, Shahid Beheshti University of the author. #12;ii Supervisory Committee Personal Analytical Calendar by Sanaz Tavakkol Bachelor of Science digital calendars as a platform to integrate productivity related information as they provide beneficial

  4. Multiple personality disorder following childbirth.

    PubMed

    O'Dwyer, J M; Friedman, T

    1993-06-01

    A case of multiple personality disorder is described as a coping mechanism protecting the patient from the abuse to which she was subjected throughout her life. The multiple personalities became more prominent following the birth of a severely handicapped child. PMID:8330114

  5. Personal Finance: An Interdisciplinary Profession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane Schuchardt; Dorothy C. Bagwell; William C. Bailey; Sharon A. DeVaney; John E. Grable; Irene E. Leech; Jean M. Lown; Deanna L. Sharpe; Jing J. Xiao

    2007-01-01

    This commentary recommends that financial counseling and planning research, education, and practice be framed as an interdisciplinary profession called personal finance. Authors summarize the history of the profes- sion and key theories providing the conceptual foundation. In order for the emerging profession of personal finance to achieve significant visibility and gain maturity, professionals must reach consensus on defining col- lective

  6. Personal Finance. Common Curriculum Goals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    This document provides the common curriculum goals for the state of Oregon in personal finance, an area of study that relates basic economic concepts and practices to the financial concerns of consumers. These goals were designed to define what should be taught in all public school settings. The common curriculum goals in personal finance are…

  7. NASA Personal Property Disposal Manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The NASA Personal Property Disposal Manual is issued pursuant to Subchapters E and H of the Federal Property Management Regulations and the Space Act of 1958, as amended. It sets forth policy and procedural guidance for NASA personnel for the reporting, utilization, redistribution, and disposal of installation and contractor-held NASA excess and surplus personal property.

  8. Social Metadata for Personal Photography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Risto Sarvas; Marko Turpeinen

    The increasing number of media creation devices is adding to the organization and media management problem for personal media. Content describing metadata is seen as the most prominent answer to this problem. However, current metadata standards have shortcomings when it comes to the domain of personal media. This is because the standards are designed for public and professional uses of

  9. Personal Safety University of Strathclyde

    E-print Network

    Strathclyde, University of

    Personal Safety University of Strathclyde Personal Safety Guide Glasgow is a great place to live to follow these basic safety rules: · Be sure someone knows where you are, when you are due back and how or those with traffic and pedestrians. Walk facing the traffic so a car cannot pull up behind you unnoticed

  10. Human Resources Personal Tax Increases

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    Human Resources Personal Tax Increases Retroactive to January 1, 2014 for Employees Earning over be done by logging in to My Human Resources. · Choose "Payroll and Compensation", then "Personal Tax are finished. If you have any questions about the tax deduction changes, please contact Human Resources at 519

  11. Pharmacogenetics: implementing personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania

    2009-01-01

    Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics have been widely recognized as fundamental steps toward personalized medicine. They deal with genetically determined variants in how individuals respond to drugs, and hold the promise to revolutionize drug therapy by tailoring it according to individual genotypes. The clinical need for novel approaches to improve drug therapy derives from the high rate of adverse reactions to drugs and their lack of efficacy in many individuals that may be predicted by pharmacogenetic testing. Significant advances in pharmacogenetic research have been made since inherited differences in response to drugs such as isoniazid and succinylcholine were explored in the 1950s. The clinical utility and applications of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are at present particularly evident in some therapeutic areas (anticancer, psycotrophic, and anticoagulant drugs). Recent evidence derived from several studies includes screening for thiopurine methyl transferase or uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyl-transferase 1A1 gene polymorphisms to prevent mercaptopurine and azathioprine or irinotecan induced myelosuppression, respectively. Also there is a large body of information concerning cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms and their relationship to drug toxicity and response. Further examples include screening the presence of the HLA-B*5701 allele to prevent the hypersensitivity reactions to abacavir and the assessment of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER-2) expression for trastuzumab therapy of breast cancer or that of KRAS mutation status for cetuximab or panitumumab therapy in colorectal cancer. Moreover, the application of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics to therapies used in the treatment of osteoarticular diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis) holds great promise for tailoring therapy with clinically relevant drugs (e.g. disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, vitamin D, and estrogens). Although the classical candidate gene approach has helped unravel genetic variants that influence clinical drug responsiveness, gene-wide association studies have recently gained attention as they enable to associate specific genetic variants or quantitative differences in gene expression with drug response. Although research findings are accumulating, most of the potential of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics remains to be explored and must be validated in prospective randomized clinical trials. The genetic and molecular foundations of personalized medicine appear solid and evidence indicates its growing importance in healthcare. PMID:22461093

  12. INMARSAT's personal communicator system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hart, Nick; Haugli, HANS-C.; Poskett, Peter; Smith, K.

    1993-01-01

    Inmarsat has been providing near global mobile satellite communications since 1982 and Inmarsat terminals are currently being used in more than 130 countries. The terminals have been reduced in size and cost over the years and new technology has enabled the recent introduction of briefcase sized personal telephony terminals (Inmarsat-M). This trend continues and we are likely to see Inmarsat handheld terminals by the end of the decade. These terminals are called Inmarsat-P and this paper focuses on the various elements required to support a high quality service to handheld terminals. The main system elements are: the handheld terminals; the space segment with the associated orbits; and the gateways to terrestrial networks. It is both likely and desirable that personal handheld satellite communications will be offered by more than one system provider and this competition will ensure strong emphasis on service quality and cost of ownership. The handheld terminals also have to be attractive to a large number of potential users, and this means that the terminals must be small enough to fit in a pocket. Battery lifetime is another important consideration, and this coupled with radiation safety requirements limits the maximum radiated EIRP. The terminal G/T is mainly constrained by the gain of the omnidirectional antenna and the noise figure of the RF front end (including input losses). Inmarsat has examined, with the support of industry, a number of Geosynchronous (GSO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite options for the provision of a handheld mobile satellite service. This paper describes the key satellite and orbit parameters and tradeoffs which affect the overall quality of service and the space segment costing. The paper also stresses not only the importance of using and sharing the available mobile frequency band allocations efficiently, but also the key considerations affecting the choice of feeder link bands. The design of the gateways and the terrestrial network is critical to the overall viability of the service, and this paper also examines the key technical parameters associated with the Land Earth Stations (LES), which act as gateways into the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). These not only include the design tradeoffs associated with the LES, but also the different terrestrial network interface options. The paper concludes with a brief description of the satellite propagation conditions associated with the use of handheld terminals. It describes how the handheld results in a number of propagation impairments which are not common to the previous measurements associated with vehicle mounted antennas. These measurements indicate that there is a complex tradeoff between link margin and the elevation angle to the satellite which has a significant impact on the space segment requirements and costing.

  13. Economic crime: does personality matter?

    PubMed

    Alalehto, Tage

    2003-06-01

    Since the publication of Edwin Sutherland's classical study, White Collar Crime, personality has been treated as completely irrelevant as a cause or as a correlating variable in studies of economic crime. This article questions that thesis. In an ongoing Swedish project studying economic crime in the areas of construction, engineering, and the music industry, 128 informants were interviewed regarding the personal character of the economic criminal compared to that of the law-abiding businessperson. Data were collected from five different regions in Sweden using the Big Five model, the personality model most often used within the field of personality research today. This article compares the results from the interviews with the few international studies that exist regarding economic crimes in these areas and common results are emphasized. It also presents nuanced analyses of the significance of personality in economic crime. PMID:12808742

  14. Person-centered medical interview.

    PubMed

    Dor?evi?, Veljko; Bras, Marijana; Brajkovi?, Lovorka

    2012-08-01

    We are witnessing an unprecedented development of medical science and personalized medicine. However, technological superiority must not make us lose sight of the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual totality of the patient. The core of the medical profession has always been and will be the relationship between the health professional and the person seeking assistance. However, the traditional relationship between the physician and the patient has changed and is greatly impacted by huge social, philosophical, economic, and scientific developments. It is important to develop and promote the culture of health instead of the culture of illness through a patient-doctor collaborative partnership, as well as partnership among professionals. Person-centered medical interview is an important bridge between personalized and person-centered medicine. PMID:22911522

  15. Acculturation, personality, and psychological adjustment.

    PubMed

    Ahadi, Stephan A; Puente-Díaz, Rogelio

    2011-12-01

    Two studies investigated relationships between traditional indicators of acculturation, cultural distance, acculturation strategies, and basic dimensions of personality as they pertain to psychological adjustment among Hispanic students. Although personality characteristics have been shown to be important determinants of psychological well-being, acculturation research has put less emphasis on the role of personality in the well-being of immigrants. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that basic dimensions of personality such as extraversion and neuroticism were strongly related to psychological adjustment. Acculturation strategies did not mediate the effect of personality variables, but cultural resistance made a small, independent contribution to the explanation of some aspects of negative psychological adjustment. The implications of the results were discussed. PMID:22420116

  16. Personalized healthcare through intelligent gadgets.

    PubMed

    Jang, Hyeju; Kim, Sanghyun; Bae, Changseok

    2008-01-01

    An intelligent gadget is a wearable platform which is reconfigurable, scalable, and component-based and which can be equipped, carried as a personal accessory, or in a certain case, implanted internally into a body. Various kinds of personal information can be gathered with intelligent gadgets, and that information is used to provide specially personalized services to people in the ubiquitous computing environment. In this paper, we show a personalized healthcare service through intelligent gadgets. A service based on intelligent gadgets can be built intuitively and easily with a context representation language, called the intelligent gadget markup language (IGML) based on the event-condition-action (ECA) rule. The inherent nature of extensibility, not only environmental information but also physiological information can be specified as a context in IGML and can be dealt with an intelligent gadget with ease. It enables intelligent gadgets to be adopted to many different kinds of personalized healthcare services. PMID:19163415

  17. 16 CFR 316.4 - Requirement to place warning labels on commercial electronic mail that contains sexually oriented...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...commercial electronic mail that contains sexually oriented material. 316.4 Section...commercial electronic mail that contains sexually oriented material. (a) Any person...electronic mail message that includes sexually oriented material must: (1)...

  18. Sexual orientation and personality.

    PubMed

    Lippa, Richard A

    2005-01-01

    The relation between sexual orientation and personality was examined in a meta-analysis with a total sample of 2,724 heterosexual men, 799 gay men, 157 bisexual men, 5,053 heterosexual women, 697 lesbian women, and 317 bisexual women. Self-ascribed masculinity-femininity (Self-M-F) and gender-related interests showed the largest heterosexual-homosexual differences (respective ds = .60 and 1.28 for men, and -1.28 and -1.46 for women) and the largest sex differences (respective ds = 2.83 and 2.65). Instrumentality and expressiveness showed much smaller heterosexual-homosexual and sex differences. Big Five traits showed a number of small-to-moderate heterosexual-homosexual and sex differences. Bisexual men were much more like gay men than like heterosexual men in their Self-M-F and gender-related interests, whereas bisexual women were intermediate between lesbian and heterosexual women. Homosexual participants were more variable on some gender-related traits than same-sex heterosexuals were. The gender inversion hypothesis-that gay men's traits tend to be somewhat feminized and that lesbians' traits tend to be somewhat masculinized-received considerable support. Results are discussed in terms of biological and psychosocial theories of gender and sexual orientation. PMID:16913290

  19. A personal research odyssey.

    PubMed

    Medalie, J H

    1999-07-01

    The Journal of Family Practice is pleased to publish the acceptance speech of Dr Jack Medalie, the 1998 recipient of the Maurice Wood Award for Lifetime Contribution to Primary Care Research. This address was delivered on November 6, 1998, at the 26th Annual Meeting of the North American Primary Care Research Group (NAPCRG) in Montreal. This prestigious annual award honors the person who has, throughout his or her career, made the greatest contribution to primary care research and related fields. Researchers from all nations, working in all professional and scientific disciplines are eligible to receive the award. The award is named in honor of Dr Maurice Wood, an early pioneer and leader in primary care research in North America and founder of NAPCRG. The Wood Award is supported by donations from friends of primary care research across North America and around the world. For more information, contact NAPCRG at: PO Box 8729, Kansas City, Missouri 64114; 1-800-274-2237; E-mail: napcrg@stfm.org. PMID:10428247

  20. Personal Radiation Protection System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McDonald, Mark; Vinci, Victoria

    2004-01-01

    A report describes the personal radiation protection system (PRPS), which has been invented for use on the International Space Station and other spacecraft. The PRPS comprises walls that can be erected inside spacecraft, where and when needed, to reduce the amount of radiation to which personnel are exposed. The basic structural modules of the PRPS are pairs of 1-in. (2.54-cm)-thick plates of high-density polyethylene equipped with fasteners. The plates of each module are assembled with a lap joint. The modules are denoted bricks because they are designed to be stacked with overlaps, in a manner reminiscent of bricks, to build 2-in. (5.08-cm)-thick walls of various lengths and widths. The bricks are of two varieties: one for flat wall areas and one for corners. The corner bricks are specialized adaptations of the flat-area bricks that make it possible to join walls perpendicular to each other. Bricks are attached to spacecraft structures and to each other by use of straps that can be tightened to increase the strengths and stiffnesses of joints.

  1. Reliable personal health records.

    PubMed

    Van Deursen, Ton; Koster, Paul; Petkovi?, Milan

    2008-01-01

    A number of applications based on personal health records (PHRs) are emerging in the field of health care and wellness. PHRs empower patients by giving them control over their health data. Health data for PHRs can be supplied by patients, wellness providers and health care providers. Health care providers may use the PHRs to provide medical care. Unfortunately, the quality of the health data in PHRs cannot be guaranteed in all cases. For example, consider cases where non-professionals such as patients and wellness providers supply data. To address this problem, we present in this paper a system that provides health care professionals with an indication of the quality of health data in a PHR. This indication is based on the reputation of the supplier and on metadata provided by measurement devices. The proposed reputation system mimics the way in which trust in health data and their suppliers is built in the real world. The system introduces minimal overhead for health care providers and patients. PMID:18487778

  2. Personalized medicine in neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Nicolaidis, Stylianos

    2013-01-01

    Personalized medicine (PM) in neurosurgery is possible today thanks to newly accessible imaging technologies, and to genomic, proteomic and epigenetic biomarkers capable of providing clinically useful information about individual patients. PM is becoming increasingly indispensable in neurosurgery because this specialty offers a wide range of therapeutic options such as surgery and/or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Moreover, the effectiveness of these procedures varies from one patient to another, depending inter alia on the patients' individual genomic traits. A prime example is glioblastoma multiforme, which exhibits at least five genomic biomarkers related to distinct therapeutic and prognostic outcomes. At least one of these biomarkers, the ?-6 methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter of methylation status, has already been used in clinical trials. New functional imaging techniques allow the surgeon to circumvent crucial brain areas whose location may vary among patients, thus allowing the safe and complete excision of an adjacent tumor. Functional imaging, together with an increasing number of genomic and other 'omic' biomarkers, has also given rise to an improved classification based on molecular signatures of tumors like glioblastoma multiforme that will facilitate the correspondence between type of glioma and choice of biologically tailored-to-patient therapy. PMID:23018147

  3. Personal Development Planner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogten, Hubert; Martens, Harrie

    We are facing many ever changing and increasing learning needs in our information society. Society is changing at an increasing pace, constantly pushed forward by emerging new information and communication technologies. New and changing demands of society on the individual, both on and off the job, are following these technological changes in a similar pace. In just one generation, information and communications technologies have revolutionised the way we live, learn, work and play. As a result, technical skills, communication skills, knowledge, in short competences are quickly outdated and require constant updating. Jobs for a lifetime have become the exception and are in fact considered undesirable by both the employer and the employee. Therefore, the traditional approach towards learning, which mainly took place during very specific stages of someone’s life, has been replaced by the idea of professional development. The information society has also lead to more active and involved society members, who are increasingly more demanding regarding their personal goals and developments. Individuals are regularly confronted with question such as: are my competences still up-to-date?; is my current job still satisfying and challenging enough?; in what directions can I change my career?; can I improve myself?; what other opportunities do I have? These types of question are not necessarily work related, although they often are.

  4. Packet personal radiation monitor

    DOEpatents

    Phelps, J.E.

    1988-03-31

    A personal radiation monitor of the chirper type is provided for detecting ionizing radiation. A battery powered high voltage power supply is used to generate and apply a high voltage bias to a G-M tube radiation sensor. The high voltage is monitored by a low-loss sensing network which generates a feedback signal to control the high voltage power supply such that the high voltage bias is recharged to +500 VDC when the current pulses of the sensor, generated by the detection of ionizing radiatonevents, discharges the high voltage bias to +450 VDC. During the high voltage recharge period an audio transducer is activated to produce an audible ''chirp''. The rate of the ''chirps'' is controlled by the rate at which the high voltage bias is recharged, which is proportional to the radiation field intensity to which the sensor is exposed. The chirp rate sensitivity is set to be approximately 1.5 (chirps/min/MR/hr.). The G-M tube sensor is used in a current sensing mode so that the device does not paralyze in a high radiation field. 2 figs.

  5. Personal Fuel Appliance

    SciTech Connect

    Stuart Energy

    2003-12-30

    This report summarizes the progress made in Phase I of Stuart's Personal Fueling Appliance Program. Phase I concluded in March 2002 with the demonstration and deployment of several working models. As proposed in the original project plan, working models of the PFA were built to prove feasibility and technically market the concept. Future follow up phases of the project, Phase II and III, will take the concept through prototyping development to pre-production of commercially viable product. The Phase I program successfully demonstrate a home fueling system capable of running on a household circuit, 220V/40 Amp/single phase or equivalent. Connected to a source of ''drinking water'' the system has all the functions necessary to convert water and electricity to high-pressure hydrogen fuel. Pressures of up to 3600 psig were achieved on demonstration systems and higher pressures up to 5000 psig were achieved in the lab. The development program spanned building 3 series of prototypes: White Box (1 unit built 1998), PFA Series 100 (4 units built 1999-2000), and Series 200 (6 units built 2000-02). Advanced in controls and process learned in the PFA program have been embodied in Stuart's larger fuel appliances.

  6. A new measure of brand personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maggie Geuens; Bert Weijters; Kristof De Wulf

    2009-01-01

    In response to criticism of brand personality measures that embrace other aspects besides brand personality, we developed a new brand personality measure consisting of personality items only. Belgian respondents (n=12,789) participated in a study of 193 brands. The new scale consists of five factors that show an affinity with the Big Five human personality dimensions. Unlike existing scales, this new

  7. A New Measure of Brand Personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. GEUENS; B. WEIJTERS; K. DE WULF

    2008-01-01

    In response to criticism on brand personality measures that embrace other aspects besides brand personality, we developed a new brand personality measure consisting of personality items only. 12,789 Belgian respondents participated in a study on 193 brands. The new scale consists of five factors that show an affinity with the Big Five of human personality. Unlike existing scales, this new

  8. Personal Health Assistance Service Expert System (PHASES)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chakkrit Snae; Michael Brueckner

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the authors present the framework of a system for assisting users through counseling on personal health, the Personal Health Assistance Service Expert System (PHASES). Personal health assistance systems need Personal Health Records (PHR), which support wellness activities, improve the understanding of personal health issues, enable access to data from providers of health services, strengthen health promotion, and

  9. Personality Diagnosis for Personalized eHealth Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cortellese, Fabio; Nalin, Marco; Morandi, Angelica; Sanna, Alberto; Grasso, Floriana

    In this paper we present two different approaches to personality diagnosis, for the provision of innovative personalized services, as used in a case study where diabetic patients were supported in the improvement of physical activity in their daily life. The first approach presented relies on a static clustering of the population, with a specific motivation strategy designed for each cluster. The second approach relies on a dynamic population clustering, making use of recommendation systems and algorithms, like Collaborative Filtering. We discuss pro and cons of each approach and a possible combination of the two, as the most promising solution for this and other personalization services in eHealth.

  10. Person X Situation Interaction in Personality Prediction: Some Specifics of the Person Factor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breen, Lawrence J.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Determined if multidimensionality of Endler-Okada inventory would be reflected in differential personality profiles. Results suggest existence of separate personality profiles for each facet of A-Trait. These profiles are logically congruent with type of situation described. Data form patterns consistent with claim for multidimensionality of the…

  11. 20 CFR 416.430 - Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. 416.430 Section 416.430 Employees' Benefits ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. (a) When an eligible individual with an...

  12. 20 CFR 416.430 - Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. 416.430 Section 416.430 Employees' Benefits ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. (a) When an eligible individual with an...

  13. 20 CFR 416.430 - Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. 416.430 Section 416.430 Employees' Benefits ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. (a) When an eligible individual with an...

  14. 20 CFR 416.430 - Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. 416.430 Section 416.430 Employees' Benefits ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. (a) When an eligible individual with an...

  15. 20 CFR 416.430 - Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. 416.430 Section 416.430 Employees' Benefits ...Eligible individual with eligible spouse; essential person(s) present. (a) When an eligible individual with an...

  16. SERVICIO DE GESTIN DE PERSONAL SERVICIO DE GESTIN DE PERSONAL

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    la misma. Gestiona todos los procedimientos referentes a la vida administrativa o laboral del PDI de PERSONAL UNIDAD DE PAS UNIDAD DE PDI UNIDAD DE PLANIFICACI�N DOCENTE Gestiona la nómina del PAS, PDI y de

  17. SERVEI DE GESTI DE PERSONAL SERVEI DE GESTI DE PERSONAL

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    mateixa. Gestiona tots els procediments referents a la vida administrativa o laboral del PDI d PERSONAL UNITAT DE PAS UNITAT DE PDI UNITAT DE PLANIFICACI� DOCENT Gestiona la nòmina del PAS, PDI i dels

  18. Stills from movies : personal photography and the personal computer

    E-print Network

    Hourvitz, Leo

    1985-01-01

    A system for the capture and combination of video images is proposed as a prototype for a future personal computer that allows free manipulation and intermixing of information from the computer, video, and photography ...

  19. Examining the Role of Anxiety and Apathy in Health Consumers' Intentions to Use Patient Health Portals for Personal Health Information Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Carlos A.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated college students' attitudes toward and intentions to use personal health portals (PHPs) for managing their personal health information using a survey method. The study also aimed to examine the roles electronic Personal Health Information Management (PHIM) anxiety and apathy play in influencing students' attitudes toward…

  20. Personalized medicine: selected web resources.

    PubMed

    Stimson, Nancy F

    2009-01-01

    Information about personalized medicine abounds, yet it is difficult to comprehensively search for information on this topic due to the broadness of the term "personalized medicine," the variety of terms that are used to describe this concept, the vast amount of pertinent journal articles and Web sites, and the fast pace of developments in this field. A selected list of Web sites is provided as a starting place for information about concepts, terminology, projects, databases, tools, and stakeholders related to personalized medicine. PMID:20135904

  1. How to Recieve Personal Revelaiton

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bro. Boyce

    2006-10-03

    Activity: You are going to make a scripture chain that teaches us how we can receive Personal Revelation. Remember, when we talk to Heavenly Father we call it prayer. When Heavenly Father resonds to us by the Holy Ghost we call it Personal Revelation. Items Needed for this activity: (Go get them you\\'ll use them for this activity. If you don\\'t have your scriptures at home, used the links below.) -Scriptures -Pencil -Journal Read the following scriptures and underline the keywords you find that teach you how we receive personal revelation. Scripture #1:D C 8:2-3 Turn to the scripture above and ...

  2. Assessing Effectiveness of Personality Style in Documentation

    E-print Network

    Novick, David G.

    review the characteristics of introverted and extroverted personality types, review prior research certain descriptions are connected with the different personality types. The left side of the diagramAssessing Effectiveness of Personality Style in Documentation Kenneth Sayles. Department

  3. The Perils of Behavior-Based Personalization

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Juanjuan

    “Behavior-based personalization” has gained popularity in recent years, whereby businesses offer personalized products based on consumers' purchase histories. This paper highlights two perils of behavior-based personalization ...

  4. 31 CFR 800.221 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.221 Person. The term person means any...

  5. 31 CFR 800.216 - Foreign person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS, AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.216 Foreign person. The term foreign person...

  6. 25 CFR 700.101 - Single person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Single person. 700.101 Section 700.101 Indians...Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.101 Single person. A single person is a widow, widower, unmarried or...

  7. 25 CFR 700.101 - Single person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Single person. 700.101 Section 700.101 Indians...Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.101 Single person. A single person is a widow, widower, unmarried or...

  8. 25 CFR 700.101 - Single person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Single person. 700.101 Section 700.101 Indians...Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.101 Single person. A single person is a widow, widower, unmarried or...

  9. 25 CFR 700.101 - Single person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Single person. 700.101 Section 700.101 Indians...Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.101 Single person. A single person is a widow, widower, unmarried or...

  10. 25 CFR 700.101 - Single person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Single person. 700.101 Section 700.101 Indians...Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.101 Single person. A single person is a widow, widower, unmarried or...

  11. 28 CFR 551.6 - Personal hygiene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personal hygiene. 551.6 Section 551...MISCELLANEOUS Grooming § 551.6 Personal hygiene. The Warden shall make...articles necessary for maintaining personal hygiene. [46 FR 59509, Dec....

  12. Personalized Information Retrieval in Context David Vallet,*

    E-print Network

    Personalized Information Retrieval in Context David Vallet,* Miriam Fernández,* Pablo Castells towards its use in personalization for information retrieval. The goal of the research presented here., 15773 Zographou, Athens, Greece {fmylonas, iavr}@image.ntua.gr Abstract Personalized content retrieval

  13. 19 CFR 148.42 - Personal effects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Personal effects. 148.42 Section 148...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Exemptions for Nonresidents § 148.42 Personal effects. (a)...

  14. 19 CFR 148.42 - Personal effects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Personal effects. 148.42 Section 148...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Exemptions for Nonresidents § 148.42 Personal effects. (a)...

  15. 76 FR 56294 - Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ...USCG-2011-0076] RIN 1625-AB60 Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices AGENCY: Coast Guard...standards for inflatable recreational personal flotation devices (PFDs) with current...direct final rule entitled ``Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices'' in the...

  16. 77 FR 19937 - Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ...USCG-2011-0076] RIN 1625-AB60 Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices AGENCY: Coast Guard...standards for inflatable recreational personal flotation devices (PFDs) with current...OMB Office of Management and Budget PFD Personal flotation device STP Standards...

  17. 12 CFR 561.5 - Affiliated person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...a) A director, officer, or controlling person of such association...spouse of a director, officer, or controlling person of such association...of a director, officer, or controlling person of such...

  18. 36 CFR 223.279 - Personal use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS Forest Botanical Products § 223.279 Personal use. (a) Personal use. A person may...

  19. 36 CFR 223.279 - Personal use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS Forest Botanical Products § 223.279 Personal use. (a) Personal use. A person may...

  20. 36 CFR 223.279 - Personal use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS Forest Botanical Products § 223.279 Personal use. (a) Personal use. A person may...

  1. What is a case manager? The perspective of persons with borderline personality disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nadine Nehls

    2001-01-01

    Background: Case management services have expanded to include persons with diagnoses other than schizophrenia. Attention has been directed toward persons with chronic, nonpsychotic disorders—in particular, persons with personality disorders. However, to date, the nature and effects of case management for persons with personality disorders are relatively unknown. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore case management services from

  2. The Portable Personal Health Records: Storage on SD Card and Network, Only for One's Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoqiang Ma; Juan Liu; Zhaoyu Wei

    2010-01-01

    The Electronic health record is kept in various hospitals in China. However, each hospital stores patient health records for its own purpose, and the patients do not have their own electronic health records. This does not achieve patient-centered medical service objectives. To this end, we have designed and developed a patient-centered of portable personal health information management system, and the

  3. 7 CFR 1205.303 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.303 Person. Person means any individual, partnership,...

  4. 7 CFR 1205.303 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.303 Person. Person means any individual, partnership,...

  5. 7 CFR 1205.303 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.303 Person. Person means any individual, partnership,...

  6. 7 CFR 1205.303 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.303 Person. Person means any individual, partnership,...

  7. 7 CFR 1205.303 - Person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.303 Person. Person means any individual, partnership,...

  8. Affordable avatar control system for personal robots

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jun Ki, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Social robots (personal robots) emphasize individualized social interaction and communication with people. To maximize communication capacity of a personal robot, designers make it more anthropomorphic (or zoomorphic), and ...

  9. Convoy electrons

    SciTech Connect

    Burgdoerfer, J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-01-01

    Recent developments in the theory of the production and of the transport of convoy electrons through solids are reviewed. Similarities and differences to cusp electron emission in binary ion-atom collisions and to transport of free'' electrons through solids are highlighted. We also discuss recent observations of convoy electron emission in ion-surface collisions at small glancing angles. 36 refs., 13 figs.

  10. Personality Dysfunction and Employment Dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Sansone, Lori A

    2010-01-01

    According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, personality disorders are characterized by functional impairment, which may unfold in the work environment. A number of empirical studies convincingly suggest that the presence of personality dysfunction has substantial negative and diffuse effects on work functioning. However, not all studies are in agreement. In addition, there may be specific mediating variables that modulate the likelihood that an individual with a personality disorder will experience work difficulties. These include the type of personality disorder, degree of neuroticism and disagreeableness, extent of social dysfunction, and severity of symptoms—all of which appear to be interrelated. Because employment generally promotes an individual's stability, further research into these variables is essential. PMID:20436770

  11. How to personalize the Web

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob Barrett; Paul P. Maglio; Daniel C. Kellem

    1997-01-01

    Agents can personalize otherwise impersonal computational systems. The World Wide Web presents the same appear- ance to every user regardless of that user's past activity. Web Browser Intelligence (WBI, pronounced \\

  12. Personal traits, cohabitation, and marriage.

    PubMed

    French, Michael T; Popovici, Ioana; Robins, Philip K; Homer, Jenny F

    2014-05-01

    This study examines how personal traits affect the likelihood of entering into a cohabitating or marital relationship using a competing risk survival model with cohabitation and marriage as competing outcomes. The data are from Waves 1, 3, and 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a rich dataset with a large sample of young adults (N=9835). A personal traits index is constructed from interviewer-assessed scores on the respondents' physical attractiveness, personality, and grooming. Having a higher score on the personal traits index is associated with a greater hazard of entering into a marital relationship for men and women, but the score does not have a significant influence on entering into a cohabitating relationship. Numerous sensitivity tests support the core findings. PMID:24576635

  13. Device-transparent personal storage

    E-print Network

    Strauss, Jacob A. (Jacob Alo), 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Users increasingly store data collections such as digital photographs on multiple personal devices, each of which typically presents the user with a storage management interface isolated from the contents of all other ...

  14. Conversational topics in transsexual persons.

    PubMed

    Van Borsel, John; Cayzeele, Miet; Heirman, Eva; T'sjoen, Guy

    2014-06-01

    Abstract In general, speech language therapy for transsexual persons focuses on pitch and pitch variation and more recently also on resonance. Other communicative aspects are dealt with far less often, especially language. This study investigated to what extent conversational topics might need attention in therapy for transsexual persons. A total of 111 males, 116 females, 28 male-to-female and 18 female-to-male transsexuals were asked to indicate on a list with 34 topics how often they speak about each topic (never, sometimes, often) in conversations with males, with females and in a gender mixed group. Results showed that transsexual persons behave in accordance with the desired gender. However, they also tend to adopt a position depending on the gender of their conversational partner. It can be concluded that in general it is not necessary to pay attention to conversational topics in therapy for transsexual persons. PMID:24446798

  15. Personal Rapid Transit Minneapolis, Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Workshop Goals and Context and Summary of RFI Responses .................... 3 RFI Responses............................................................................................ 3 RFI Responders' Comments...................................................................... 5/DOT commissioner Tom Sorel said the agency issued the RFI to see if personal rapid transit is a viable

  16. [Collage work characteristics and personality].

    PubMed

    Sato, Shizuka

    2002-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality and characteristics in collage work. Seventy undergraduates filled the Yatabe-Guilford (YG) personality test and produced a piece of collage work. The YG personality types were not different in terms of collage work characteristics. However, emotional adaptation and introvert/extrovert scores were reflected in the number of cuttings used in the piece. General activity score was reflected in the number of vehicle pictures used. Those who used an eye picture had a tendency to be depressed and lacking in confidence. Those who used a "stone circle" picture tended to be more emotionally adapted and extroverted. The results suggested a possibility that personality traits were reflected in specific characteristics in collage work. PMID:12199065

  17. Reconceptualizing second-person interaction

    PubMed Central

    de Bruin, Leon; van Elk, Michiel; Newen, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Over the last couple of decades, most neuroscientific research on social cognition has been dominated by a third-person paradigm in which participating subjects are not actively engaging with other agents but merely observe them. Recently this paradigm has been challenged by researchers who promote a second-person approach to social cognition, and emphasize the importance of dynamic, real-time interactions with others. The present article's contribution to this debate is twofold. First, we critically analyze the second-person challenge to social neuroscience, and assess the various ways in which the distinction between second- versus third-person modes of social cognition has been articulated. Second, we put forward an alternative conceptualization of this distinction—one that gives pride of place to the notion of reciprocity. We discuss the implications of our proposal for neuroscientific studies on social cognition. PMID:22679421

  18. Code AI Personal Web Pages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

  19. Sexuality, Personality, and Eating Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KAMRYN T. EDDY; CATHERINE M. NOVOTNY; DREW WESTEN

    2004-01-01

    To assess sexuality, personality, and eating pathology in women with eating disorders (EDs), we asked a random sample of 234 clinicians to describe an ED patient (age 16–65). Restricting AN patients tended to be childlike and prim\\/proper, while BN patients tended to be flirtatious and promiscuous. A constricted\\/overcontrolled personality predicted a childlike sexuality independent of AN diagnosis, and an undercontrolled,

  20. The Roma Personal Metadata Service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Swierk; Emre K?c?man; Nathan C. Williams; Takashi Fukushima; Hideki Yoshida; Vince Laviano; Mary Baker

    2002-01-01

    People now have available to them a diversity of digital storage facilities, including laptops, cell phone address books, handheld devices, desktop computers and web-based storage services. Unfortunately, as the number of personal data repositories increases, so does the management problem of ensuring that the most up-to-date version of any document in a user's personal file space is available to him

  1. The Roma Personal Metadata Service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Swierk; Emre Kiciman; Nathan C. Williams; Takashi Fukushima; Hideki Yoshida; Vince Laviano; Mary Baker

    2002-01-01

    People now have available to them a diversity of dig- ital storage facilities, including laptops, cell phone address books, handheld devices, desktop comput- ers and web-based storage services. Unfortunately, as the number of personal data repositories in- creases, so does the management problem of ensur- ing that the most up-to-date version of any docu- ment in a user's personal file

  2. Personality correlates of hallucinogen use

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khalil A. Khavari; Edward Mabry; Mae Humes

    1977-01-01

    Obtained personality and hallucinogen-use data from 298 adult male or female members of labor unions. Data from the Eysenck Personality Inventory, the Sensation-Seeking Scale, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale were subjected to multivariate analyses to determine the amount of variance accounted for by each subtest. Results show that (a) use of psychedelics, depending on

  3. Adi Fux, Mor Peleg, Pnina Soffer, Silvana Quaglini, Matteo Gabetta. Eliciting Knowledge for an Ontology for Personalizing Medical Decision-Making. International

    E-print Network

    Peleg, Mor

    to the patient's clinical data that are often codified in the patient's electronic health record. However recommendations. Another hurdle for personalizing DSSs is that this personal information is recorded in electronic health records as an unstructured textual remarks that are difficult for automatic analysis. In order

  4. Usability Evaluation of a Personal Health Record

    PubMed Central

    Segall, Noa; Saville, Jeffrey G.; L’Engle, Pete; Carlson, Boyd; Wright, Melanie C.; Schulman, Kevin; Tcheng, James E.

    2011-01-01

    The electronic personal health record (PHR) has been championed as a mediator of patient-centered care, yet its usability and utility to patients, key predictors of success, have received little attention. Human-centered design (HCD) offers validated methods for studying systems effects on users and their cognitive tasks. In HCD, user-centered activities allow potential users to shape the design of the end product and enhance its usability. We sought to evaluate the usability and functionality of HealthView, the PHR of the Duke University Health System, using HCD methods. Study participants were asked to think aloud as they carried out tasks in HealthView. They then completed surveys and interviews eliciting their reactions to the web portal. Findings were analyzed to generate redesign recommendations, which will be incorporated in a future release of HealthView. PMID:22195184

  5. Personal health records: the people's choice?

    PubMed

    Sprague, Lisa

    2006-11-30

    Information technology (IT), especially in the form of an electronic health record (EHR), is touted by many as a key component of meaningful improvement in health care delivery and outcomes. A personal health record (PHR) may be an element of an EHR or a stand-alone record. Proponents of PHRs see them as tools that will improve consumers' ability to manage their care and will also enlist consumers as advocates for widespread health IT adoption. This issue brief explores what a PHR is, the extent of demand for it, issues that need to be resolved before such records can be expected to proliferate, and public-private efforts to promote them. PMID:17146910

  6. Personalized biomedical devices & systems for healthcare applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, I.-Ming; Phee, Soo Jay; Luo, Zhiqiang; Lim, Chee Kian

    2011-03-01

    With the advancement in micro- and nanotechnology, electromechanical components and systems are getting smaller and smaller and gradually can be applied to the human as portable, mobile and even wearable devices. Healthcare industry have started to benefit from this technology trend by providing more and more miniature biomedical devices for personalized medical treatments in order to obtain better and more accurate outcome. This article introduces some recent development in non-intrusive and intrusive biomedical devices resulted from the advancement of niche miniature sensors and actuators, namely, wearable biomedical sensors, wearable haptic devices, and ingestible medical capsules. The development of these devices requires carful integration of knowledge and people from many different disciplines like medicine, electronics, mechanics, and design. Furthermore, designing affordable devices and systems to benefit all mankind is a great challenge ahead. The multi-disciplinary nature of the R&D effort in this area provides a new perspective for the future mechanical engineers.

  7. A personal computer-based nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Job, Constantin; Pearson, Robert M.; Brown, Michael F.

    1994-11-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy using personal computer-based hardware has the potential of enabling the application of NMR methods to fields where conventional state of the art equipment is either impractical or too costly. With such a strategy for data acquisition and processing, disciplines including civil engineering, agriculture, geology, archaeology, and others have the possibility of utilizing magnetic resonance techniques within the laboratory or conducting applications directly in the field. Another aspect is the possibility of utilizing existing NMR magnets which may be in good condition but unused because of outdated or nonrepairable electronics. Moreover, NMR applications based on personal computer technology may open up teaching possibilities at the college or even secondary school level. The goal of developing such a personal computer (PC)-based NMR standard is facilitated by existing technologies including logic cell arrays, direct digital frequency synthesis, use of PC-based electrical engineering software tools to fabricate electronic circuits, and the use of permanent magnets based on neodymium-iron-boron alloy. Utilizing such an approach, we have been able to place essentially an entire NMR spectrometer console on two printed circuit boards, with the exception of the receiver and radio frequency power amplifier. Future upgrades to include the deuterium lock and the decoupler unit are readily envisioned. The continued development of such PC-based NMR spectrometers is expected to benefit from the fast growing, practical, and low cost personal computer market.

  8. Personality in cyberspace: personal Web sites as media for personality expressions and impressions.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Bernd; Machilek, Franz; Schütz, Astrid

    2006-06-01

    This research examined the personality of owners of personal Web sites based on self-reports, visitors' ratings, and the content of the Web sites. The authors compared a large sample of Web site owners with population-wide samples on the Big Five dimensions of personality. Controlling for demographic differences, the average Web site owner reported being slightly less extraverted and more open to experience. Compared with various other samples, Web site owners did not generally differ on narcissism, self-monitoring, or self-esteem, but gender differences on these traits were often smaller in Web site owners. Self-other agreement was highest with Openness to Experience, but valid judgments of all Big Five dimensions were derived from Web sites providing rich information. Visitors made use of quantifiable features of the Web site to infer personality, and the cues they utilized partly corresponded to self-reported traits. PMID:16784349

  9. Electronic Jewelry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Vesta

    1972-01-01

    Brightly banded resisters, condensers, diodes and transistors as well as printed circuit boards were used with the objective of discovering their potential in creating objects for personal adornment. (RB)

  10. Electronics Lab

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Web site offers a one-stop shop for electronic projects with images, circuits with full descriptions, schematics and diagrams for printed circuit boards (PCBs), integrated circuits, and homemade electronic devices. This site supports an active electronics hobbyist community with free electronics articles, a blog, tutorials, question and answer area, design tips and hints, and an online electronics market with no registration required that allows people to buy and sell electronic parts and devices. This is a good site to search while the old soldering iron is heating up for electronics components, testing equipment, electronic kits, and detailed schematics and diagrams for almost any kind of electronic project including: amplifier, audio and noise, MIDI, counter, radio, simulators, sensors, measurement, temperature detectors, timing and timers, and video.

  11. Future Personal Health Records as a Foundation for Computational Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Steele; Amanda Lo

    2009-01-01

    Personal Health Records (PHRs) and other emerging health information technologies create the potential for the capture and\\u000a storage of a much greater quantity and quality of health data in the future. PHRs in particular provide a likely more privacy\\u000a supporting form of electronic health data storage. This paper discusses how new health information technologies can support\\u000a richer future health record

  12. The Wasabi Personal Shopper: A Case-Based Recommender System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin D. Burke

    1999-01-01

    The Wasabi Personal Shopper (WPS) is a domain- independent database browsing tool designed for on-line information access, particularly for electronic product catalogs. Typically, web-based catalogs rely either on text search or query formulation. WPS introduces an alternative form of access via preference-based navigation. WPS is based on a line of academic research called FindMe systems. These systems were built in

  13. Personality Theories for the 21st Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrae, Robert R.

    2011-01-01

    Classic personality theories, although intriguing, are outdated. The five-factor model of personality traits reinvigorated personality research, and the resulting findings spurred a new generation of personality theories. These theories assign a central place to traits and acknowledge the crucial role of evolved biology in shaping human…

  14. Conscientiousness and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas B. Samuel; Thomas A. Widiger

    2011-01-01

    A dimensional perspective on personality disorder hypothesizes that the current diagnostic categories represent maladaptive variants of general personality traits. However, a fundamental foundation of this viewpoint is that dimensional models can adequately account for the pathology currently described by these categories. While most of the personality disorders have well established links to dimensional models that buttress this hypothesis, obsessive–compulsive personality

  15. User - interface agent interaction: personalization issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silvia N. Schiaffino; Anal??a Amandi

    2004-01-01

    Interface agents are computer programs that provide personalized assistance to users with their computer-based tasks. Most interface agents achieve personalization by learning a user's preferences in a given application domain and assisting him according to them. In this work we adopt a different approach to personalization: how to personalize the interaction between interface agents and users in a mixed-initiative interaction

  16. Collaborative Information Retrieval Method among Personal Repositories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Koji Kamei; Takashi Yukawa; Sen Yoshida; Kazuhiro Kuwabara

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a collaborative information retrieval method among personal repositorie and an implementation of the method on a personal agent framework. We propose a framework for personal agents that aims to enable the sharing and exchange of information resources that are distributed unevenly among individuals. The kernel of a personal agent framework is an RDF(resource description framework)-based

  17. Personality Factors Associated with Severe Traumatic Disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Malec

    1985-01-01

    Personality traits such as adventurousness and an active, external orientation may both predispose persons to traumatic injury and assist them in adjustment to disabilities resulting from such injury. Using the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) and the Derogatis Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), personality and level of distress were assessed for 111 rehabilitation patients with either traumatic or nontraumatic disabilities associated with either

  18. TOP VALUEIN THE NATION --Kiplinger's Personal Finance

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    TOP VALUEIN THE NATION --Kiplinger's Personal Finance and The Princeton Review HOW TO FINANCE YOUR, and Binghamton's billing process. We have also outlined personal financing options as well as tax benefits: PERSONAL FINANCING OPTIONS Personal circumstances (e.g., home ownership, life insurance policy, 401k) may

  19. Hypnosis creates multiple personality: Myth or reality?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bennett G. Braun

    1984-01-01

    Since before the turn of the century, multiple personality has been associated with hysteria and hypnosis. The myth that hypnosis can create multiple personality is examined in this paper by reviewing studies that have suggested or implied a casual link between hypnosis and multiple personality. While it is possible that personality fragments can appear under hypnosis, there is no evidence

  20. Sport Personality Assessment: Facts, Fallacies, and Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, A. Craig

    The status of sport personality literature is reviewed in light of three key questions: Is there a sport type? Does personality relate to success? Does sport participation influence the athlete's personality? Critical assessment of the literature provides rather definite answers to these questions. Some theoretical underpinnings of personality

  1. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDOOR, OUTDOOR, AND PERSONAL SAMPLES COLLECTED IN AND AROUND A RETIREMENT FACILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residential, personal, indoor, and outdoor sampling of particulate matter was conducted at a retirement center in the Towson area of northern Baltimore County in 1998. Concurrent sampling was conducted at a central community site. Computer-controlled scanning electron microsco...

  2. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF OUTDOOR, INDOOR, AND PERSONAL PARTICULATE AIR SAMPLES COLLECTED IN AND AROUND A RETIREMENT FACILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Residential, personal, indoor, and outdoor sampling of particulate matter was conducted at a retirement center in the Towson area of northern Baltimore County in 1998. Concurrent sampling was conducted at a central community site. Computer-controlled scanning electron microsco...

  3. 21 CFR 1305.06 - Persons entitled to fill orders for Schedule I and II controlled substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...and II controlled substances, whether on a DEA Form 222 or an electronic order, may be filled only by a person registered with DEA as a manufacturer or distributor of...following: (a) A person registered with DEA to dispense the substances, or to...

  4. 21 CFR 1305.06 - Persons entitled to fill orders for Schedule I and II controlled substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...and II controlled substances, whether on a DEA Form 222 or an electronic order, may be filled only by a person registered with DEA as a manufacturer or distributor of...following: (a) A person registered with DEA to dispense the substances, or to...

  5. 21 CFR 1305.06 - Persons entitled to fill orders for Schedule I and II controlled substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...and II controlled substances, whether on a DEA Form 222 or an electronic order, may be filled only by a person registered with DEA as a manufacturer or distributor of...following: (a) A person registered with DEA to dispense the substances, or to...

  6. 21 CFR 1305.06 - Persons entitled to fill orders for Schedule I and II controlled substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...and II controlled substances, whether on a DEA Form 222 or an electronic order, may be filled only by a person registered with DEA as a manufacturer or distributor of...following: (a) A person registered with DEA to dispense the substances, or to...

  7. 21 CFR 1305.06 - Persons entitled to fill orders for Schedule I and II controlled substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...and II controlled substances, whether on a DEA Form 222 or an electronic order, may be filled only by a person registered with DEA as a manufacturer or distributor of...following: (a) A person registered with DEA to dispense the substances, or to...

  8. Cosmological Inflation: A Personal Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kazanas, Demos

    2008-01-01

    We present a brief review of Cosmological Inflation from the personal perspective of the speaker who almost 30 years ago proposed a way of resolving the problem of Cosmological Horizon by employing certain notions and developments from the field of High Energy Physics. Along with a brief introduction of the Horizon and Flatness problems of standard cosmology, this lecture concentrates on personal reminiscing of the notions and ideas that prevailed and influenced the author's thinking at the time. The lecture then touches upon some more recent developments related to the subject including exact solutions to conformal gravity that provide a first principles emergence of a characteristic acceleration in the universe and concludes with some personal views concerning the direction that the cosmology field has taken in the past couple of decades and certain speculations some notions that may indicate future directions of research.

  9. Understanding the Person through Narrative

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Joanne M.; Powell, Jill

    2011-01-01

    Mental health nurses need to know their clients at depth, and to comprehend their social contexts in order to provide holistic care. Knowing persons through their stories, narratives they tell, provides contextual detail and person-revealing characteristics that make them individuals. Narratives are an everyday means of communicating experience, and there is a place for storytelling in nearly all cultures. Thus narrative is a culturally congruent way to ascertain and understand experiences. This means the nurse should ask questions such as “How did that come about?” versus why questions. A narrative approach stands in contrast to a yes/no algorithmic process in conversing with clients. Eliciting stories illustrates the social context of events, and implicitly provides answers to questions of feeling and meaning. Here we include background on narrative, insights from narrative research, and clinical wisdom in explaining how narratively understanding the person can improve mental health nursing services. Implications for theory, practice, and research are discussed. PMID:21994820

  10. Electronic Publishing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, F. W.

    1989-01-01

    Describes various stages involved in the applications of electronic media to the publishing industry. Highlights include computer typesetting, or photocomposition; machine-readable databases; the distribution of publications in electronic form; computer conferencing and electronic mail; collaborative authorship; hypertext; hypermedia publications;…

  11. 48 CFR 23.704 - Electronic products environmental assessment tool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...products. (1) The IEEE 1680 standard for personal computer products— (i) Was issued by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers on April 28, 2006; (ii) Is a voluntary consensus standard consistent with Section 12(d) of Pub. L....

  12. 48 CFR 23.704 - Electronic products environmental assessment tool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...products. (1) The IEEE 1680 standard for personal computer products— (i) Was issued by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers on April 28, 2006; (ii) Is a voluntary consensus standard consistent with Section 12(d) of Pub. L....

  13. 31 CFR 594.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 594.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  14. 31 CFR 594.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 594.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  15. 31 CFR 595.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 595.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  16. 31 CFR 594.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 594.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  17. 31 CFR 594.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 594.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  18. 31 CFR 594.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 594.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  19. 31 CFR 595.315 - United States person; U.S. person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false United States person; U.S. person...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General...Definitions § 595.315 United States person; U.S. person. The term United States person or U.S....

  20. Violence and Personality in Forensic Patients: Is There a Forensic Patient-Specific Personality Profile?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stupperich, Alexandra; Ihm, Helga; Strack, Micha

    2009-01-01

    Concerning the discussion about the connection of personality traits, personality disorders, and mental illness, this study focused on the personality profiles of male forensic patients, prison inmates, and young men without criminal reports. The main topic centered on group-specific personality profiles and identifying personality facets…

  1. Family physicians’ perspectives on personal health records

    PubMed Central

    Yau, Gary L.; Williams, Andrew S.; Brown, Judith Belle

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Objective To explore FPs’ perspectives on the value of personal health records (PHRs) in primary care and the implementation and adoption of PHRs in Canada. Design A qualitative design using semistructured interviews. Setting Southwestern Ontario. Participants Ten FPs. Methods The 10 FPs participated in semistructured interviews, which were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. An iterative approach using immersion and crystallization was employed for analysis. Main findings Participants were generally positive about PHRs, and were attracted to their portability and potential to engage patients in health care. Their concerns focused on 3 main themes: data management, practice management, and the patient-physician relationship. Subthemes included security, privacy, reliability of data, workload, remuneration, physician obligations, patient misinterpretation of medical information, and electronic communication displacing face-to-face visits. Participants identified 3 key facilitators for adoption of PHR systems: integration with existing electronic health record systems, ease of use without being a burden on either time or money, and offering a demonstrated added value to family practice. Conclusion This study replicates previously published literature about FP concerns and opinions, and it further identifies remuneration as a potential barrier in Canadian fee-for-service payment models. Participants identified 3 key facilitators, which were suggested for implementation and adoption of PHRs, providing a basis for future research and development of these systems for use in Canadian family practice. PMID:21642732

  2. Personalized access control for a personally controlled health record

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lillian Røstad; Øystein Nytrø

    2008-01-01

    Access control is a key feature of healthcare systems. Up un- til recently most healthcare information systems have been local to a healthcare facility and accessible only to clinicians. Currently there is a move towards making health informa- tion more accessible to patients. One example is the Person- ally Controlled Health Record (PCHR) where the patient is in charge of

  3. Personal Identity Readings Page 34/47 PERSONAL IDENTITY

    E-print Network

    Grush, Rick

    that the principle of self-interest is more rationally compelling than any moral principle. And it makes them more is transplanted into someone else's (brainless) body, and that the resulting person has my character and apparent agreed that I could survive if my brain were successfully transplanted. And people have in fact survived

  4. Day Persons, Night Persons, and Time of Birth: Preliminary Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Benjamin; Fisher, Leslie E.

    2001-01-01

    Presents the results from two surveys that explored the relationship between time of birth and being a day or night person. Explains that in survey one, U.S. high school students completed a questionnaire related to daytime or nighttime activity, while in survey two, U.S. college students completed the same questionnaire. (CMK)

  5. Bioinformatics challenges for personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    Fernald, Guy Haskin; Capriotti, Emidio; Daneshjou, Roxana; Karczewski, Konrad J.; Altman, Russ B.

    2011-01-01

    Motivation: Widespread availability of low-cost, full genome sequencing will introduce new challenges for bioinformatics. Results: This review outlines recent developments in sequencing technologies and genome analysis methods for application in personalized medicine. New methods are needed in four areas to realize the potential of personalized medicine: (i) processing large-scale robust genomic data; (ii) interpreting the functional effect and the impact of genomic variation; (iii) integrating systems data to relate complex genetic interactions with phenotypes; and (iv) translating these discoveries into medical practice. Contact: russ.altman@stanford.edu Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:21596790

  6. Multiple personality disorder in Japan.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Y; Suzuki, K; Sato, T; Murakami, Y; Takahashi, T

    1998-06-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether the features of multiple personality disorder (MPD) in Japan are similar to those in North America, although a wide disparity exists in the prevalence of MPD between the two areas. In order to describe the features of MPD in Japan, we obtained clinical data from MPD case reports, including two of our own cases, published in Japanese academic journals and compared it with the data from other countries. The cases in Japan differed significantly from those in North America in the mean number of personalities and prevalence of sexual and/or physical abuse. PMID:9681581

  7. Personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, H.

    1981-11-01

    The use of a personal miniature electrophysiological tape recorder to measure the physiological reactions of space flight personnel to space flight stress and weightlessness is described. The Oxford Instruments Medilog recorder, a battery-powered, four-channel cassette tape recorder with 24 hour endurance is carried on the person and will record EKG, EOG, EEG, and timing and event markers. The data will give information about heart rate and morphology changes, and document adaptation to zero gravity on the part of subjects who, unlike highly trained astronauts, are more representative of the normal population than were the subjects of previous space flight studies.

  8. Florence Nightingale: her personality type.

    PubMed

    Dossey, Barbara M

    2010-03-01

    This article casts new and refreshing light on Florence Nightingale's life and work by examining her personality type. Using the theory-based Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the author examines Nightingale's personality type and reveals that she was an introverted-intuitive-thinking-judging type. The merit of using the MBTI is that it allows us to more clearly understand three major areas of Nightingale's life that have been partially unacknowledged or misunderstood: her spiritual development as a practicing mystic, her management of her chronic illness to maintain her prodigious work output, and her chosen strategies to transform her visionary ideas into new health care and social realities. PMID:20467028

  9. Biometrics Person Authentication Using Projection-Based Face Recognition System in Verification Scenario

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyeonjoon Moon

    2004-01-01

    \\u000a There are tremendous need for personal verification and identification in internet security, electronic commerce and access\\u000a control in recent years. Also, as the demands for security in many applications such as data protection and financial transaction\\u000a become an increasingly relevant issues, the importance of biometrics technology is rapidly increasing. We explored face recognition\\u000a system for person authentication applications by explicitly

  10. Electron transferases.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Patricia; Martínez-Júlvez, Marta; Medina, Milagros

    2014-01-01

    The flavin isoalloxazine ring in electron transferases functions in a redox capacity, being able to take up electrons from a donor to subsequently deliver them to an acceptor. The main characteristics of these flavoproteins, including their unique ability to mediate obligatory processes of two-electron transfers with those involving single-electron transfer, are here described. To illustrate the versatility of these proteins, the acquired knowledge of the function of the two electron transferases involved in the cyanobacterial photosynthetic electron transfer from photosystem I to NADP(+) is presented. Many aspects of their biochemistry and biophysics have been extensively characterized using site-directed mutagenesis, steady-state and transient kinetics, spectroscopy, calorimetry, X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance, and computational methods. PMID:24764089

  11. Personality Assessment in Suicide Prediction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eyman, James R.; Eyman, Susanne Kohn

    1991-01-01

    Reviews the relevant research related to using the Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in the assessment of suicidality. Uses a case illustration to show how a battery of psychological tests can be used to identify characteristics that make an individual vulnerable to suicidal…

  12. Gun Concerns Personal for Duncan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2013-01-01

    As U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan works with other Obama administration officials on policy responses to the shootings at a Connecticut elementary school, he brings a personal and professional history that has acquainted him with the impact of gun violence. As schools chief in Chicago from 2001 to 2008, he was affected by the gun deaths…

  13. Virginity: A Very Personal Decision

    MedlinePLUS

    KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > For Guys > Virginity: A Very Personal Decision Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? ... t mean your mind is ready. Although some teens understand how sex can affect them emotionally, many don't — and ...

  14. Personality, Sex, and Work Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hales, Loyde; Hartman, Timothy

    1978-01-01

    The Vocational Preference Inventory (VPA) and the Ohio Work Values Inventory (OWVI) were administered to 115 undergraduates. A two-factor MANOVA was performed with personality types (VPI) and sex as independent variables and work values (OWVI) as dependent variables. The F-ratios for main effects were significant. (Author/SJL)

  15. Personality Characteristics of Black Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Nina W.

    Four hundred and forty-six poor black urban and rural adolescents ages 15-18 enrolled in a summer poverty-work program are administered Gough's Adjective Checklist (ACL) and Holland's Vocatonal Preference Inventory (VPI) to determine their personality profile, to ascertain differences between this gorup and blacks attending colleges, and to study…

  16. Personality Characteristics of Black Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Nina W.

    1977-01-01

    This research attempted to determine 1) the personality profiles of disadvantaged Black adolescents on Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI) and Gough's Adjective Checklist (ACL), 2) if this group differed significantly on the VPI from Blacks attending college, and 3) what implications for programming and planning could be determined…

  17. Mark A. Burgman Personal Details

    E-print Network

    Burgman, Mark

    1 Resume Mark A. Burgman Personal Details Address: School of Botany The University of Melbourne of Botany, University of Melbourne. 2002 ­ present Professor, School of Botany, University of Melbourne Professor and Reader, School of Botany, University of Melbourne. 1995 ­ 1999 Coordinator of Environmental

  18. GeorgiosAkrivis Personal data

    E-print Network

    Akrivis, Georgios

    GeorgiosAkrivis Personal data Year of birth 1950 Place of birth Chrysovitsa by Ioannina, Greece Education 1968­1973 Bachelor, University of Ioannina, Ioannina. Mathematics 1977­1983 PhD, University, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Ioannina, Ioannina. 1991­1995 Associate Professor

  19. Trends in Personal Injury Suits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Smissen, Betty

    1985-01-01

    Professional competence becomes more important as personal injury suits against recreation enterprises and parks focus increasingly on the professional responsible for facility safety. All professionals should be aware of and educated in risk management. Trends in liability awards and providers' legal responsibilities in various situations are…

  20. Governance for Personal Health Records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shane R Reti; Henry J Feldman; Charles Safran

    2010-01-01

    Personal health records (PHR) are a modern health technology with the ability to engage patients more fully in their healthcare. Despite widespread interest, there has been little discussion around PHR governance at an organizational level. We develop a governance model and compare it to the practices of some of the early PHR adopters, including hospitals and ambulatory care settings, insurers

  1. Interoperability of personal health records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaakko Lähteenmäki; Juha Leppänen; Hannu Kaijanranta

    2009-01-01

    Personal health records (PHR's) and related services are emerging rapidly. Currently, most PHR's are isolated and do not communicate with other systems. Standards for interoperability exist, but they are oriented towards clinical applications. However, a substantial part of a typical PHR consists of non-clinical information such as a health diary. The present paper highlights the requirements related to exchanging non-clinical

  2. Personal Health Records: Selected Webliography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dixie A. Jones

    2012-01-01

    Personal health records (PHRs) allow individuals to conveniently access information about their medical histories, medications, allergies, and procedures. These records are offered in a number of formats by a variety of vendors. PHRs may be maintained solely by individuals or by entities such as health care providers and insurance companies. With the advent of “meaningful use criteria,” PHRs are becoming

  3. Personal health records: an evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S OFlaherty; E Jandera; J Llewellyn; M Wall

    1987-01-01

    A cohort of mothers whose babies were born over one calendar month were followed up eight to 11 months after being given a personal health record for their newborn babies. Eight per cent of mothers lost the records and three more said they had not been given a record while in hospital; a total of 10% of mothers had either

  4. Personal Data and the Press.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Herbert A.

    Spurred on by a July 1973 report of an advisory committee to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), a movement seems to be building to enact statutory protection for the privacy of personal data in government computers and other records storage systems. This effort to protect privacy poses challenges to statutory protection of…

  5. Behavior: Preschool Personality and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Announces the findings of a study which appeared in the June, 1979 issue of "Perceptual and Motor Skills." According to the study, introverted children learn more through observation than do extroverted children and extroverts respond more to social, person-oriented stimuli. (Author/SA)

  6. Natural selection and animal personality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Niels J. Dingemanse; Denis Réale

    2005-01-01

    Summary Recent progress has been made on the study of personality in animals, both from a mecha- nistic and a functional perspective. While we start knowing more about the proximal mech- anisms responsible for the consistent differences in behaviour between individuals in a pop- ulation, little is known yet about the relationship between the phenotypic distribution of per- sonality traits,

  7. Author's personal copy Review Article

    E-print Network

    Jones, Alan G.

    Author's personal copy Review Article Imaging and observing the electrical Moho Alan G. Jones 26 February 2013 Keywords: Moho Electrical Moho Electrical conductivity Electrical resistivity Crust its discovery 100 year ago, the seismic Moho is, almost ubiquitously, used as the crust

  8. Cardiac Response and Personality Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blatt, Sidney J.; Feirstein, Alan

    1977-01-01

    This study examines the level and variability of cardiac response during complex problem-solving and interposed rest periods and their differing relationships to estimates of personality integration on the Rorschach. Findings suggest cardiac variability may be a more differentiated measure than level of cardiac response. (Author)

  9. A Personal Problem Solving Inventory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heppner, P. Paul; Petersen, Chris H.

    Few studies have explicitly attended to the personal problem-solving process within the counseling literature, perhaps due in part to the dearth of relevant assessment instruments. To examine the dimensions underlying the applied problem-solving process, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted using data collected from four samples of college…

  10. Consumer Education for Disabled Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nemeth, Cheryl; Del Rogers, James

    The curriculum provides consumer information on five topics to increase independence and effectiveness of physically disabled (PD) persons in the marketplace. Noted is development of the curriculum as part of a 3 stage county educational program in San Diego, California, including incorporation of findings from a needs assessment survey of PD and…

  11. Drug repositioning for personalized medicine

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Human diseases can be caused by complex mechanisms involving aberrations in numerous proteins and pathways. With recent advances in genomics, elucidating the molecular basis of disease on a personalized level has become an attainable goal. In many cases, relevant molecular targets will be identified for which approved drugs already exist, and the potential repositioning of these drugs to a new indication can be investigated. Repositioning is an accelerated route for drug discovery because existing drugs have established clinical and pharmacokinetic data. Personalized medicine and repositioning both aim to improve the productivity of current drug discovery pipelines, which expend enormous time and cost to develop new drugs, only to have them fail in clinical trials because of lack of efficacy or toxicity. Here, we discuss the current state of research in these two fields, focusing on recent large-scale efforts to systematically find repositioning candidates and elucidate individual disease mechanisms in cancer. We also discuss scenarios in which personalized drug repositioning could be particularly rewarding, such as for diseases that are rare or have specific mutations, as well as current challenges in this field. With an increasing number of drugs being approved for rare cancer subtypes, personalized medicine and repositioning approaches are poised to significantly alter the way we diagnose diseases, infer treatments and develop new drugs. PMID:22494857

  12. Personal Learning Networks for Retirees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pipkin, Ann Marie

    2012-01-01

    As school librarians tout lifelong learning for students, then it follows that lifelong learning applies to educators as well. Learning does not stop in retirement; however, the learning is different. The emphasis changes from professional development to more personal development. Although retirees may not need professional activities to add to…

  13. Personality differences in hindsight bias

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jochen Musch

    2003-01-01

    Ten personality correlates of hindsight bias were tested in a study with 75 participants answering almanac-type knowledge questions. Participants showed hindsight bias when hindsight estimates were compared to foresight estimates (memory condition), when hindsight estimates were compared to foresight estimates of other participants (BS = between-subjects hypothetical condition), and when hindsight estimates were compared to foresight estimates in response to

  14. The sociology of personal finance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Robinson; Elton G. McGoun

    1998-01-01

    Abstract Finance in general and personal finance, in particular, assume that there is a pure market money. The financial resources of a business or a household,are taken to be a single mass,made up of indistinguishable dollars, marks, yen, pounds, francs, or whatever. Consequently, we are free to devise “rational rules” for managing this mass, for prescribing how a business or

  15. Substance Use and Older Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lillian A.; Alexander, Stephen F.

    This guide contains materials developed for senior adults and service providers concerned with substance abuse by the elderly. A module, "Substance Use and Older Persons," is presented in a session-by-session outline of the three one-hour programs. The agenda for the first two sessions focuses on prescription and over-the-counter drugs, while the…

  16. Authoritarian Personalities, 1950-1973

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitten, Norman E.

    1976-01-01

    American college graduates of the post Kent State era are compared with those of the post Hitler era as to authoritarian type personality. A short rating scale, which is included in the article, administered to graduates in 1950 was again administered to graduates of the same college in 1973. The 1973 group was less authoritarian than the 1950…

  17. Personal Cloud Computing Security Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang-Ho Na; Jun-Young Park; Eui-nam Huh

    2010-01-01

    Cloud computing is an evolving term these days. It describes the advance of many existing IT technologies and separates application and information resources from the underlying infrastructure. Personal Cloud is the hybrid deployment model that is combined private cloud and public cloud. By and large, cloud orchestration does not exist today. Current cloud service is provided by web browser or

  18. Was Adam a Real Person?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamoureux, Denis O.

    2011-01-01

    Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

  19. Putting Persons Back into Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pring, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Both the language of performance management and the target-setting culture of our schools lead to a "depersonalisation" of education--a failure to respect young learners as persons. They become a "means" to some further non-educational "end". John Macmurray challenged this depersonalisation in terms not only of its impoverished educational…

  20. On Grandiosity in Personality Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdams, Dan P.

    2007-01-01

    Responds to the comments by A. Wood and S. Joseph (see record 2006-23492-015); S. R. Maddi (see record 2006-23492-016); and S. Epstein (see record 2006-23492-017) on the current author's original article (see record 2006-03947-002) "A New Big Five: Fundamental Principles for an Integrative Science of Personality" (McAdams & Pals, April 2006).…

  1. Personal Security on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogle, Jan G.

    This document is a printed copy of the Web site written to educate Internet users about potential risks associated with communication over the Internet, and to suggest precautions to reduce those risks. An Introduction highlights why users should care about privacy on the Internet, activities that can reveal personal information to others, and…

  2. Omnisphere: a Personal Communication Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franck Rousseau; Justinian Oprescu; Laurentiu-sorin Paun; Andrzej Duda

    2003-01-01

    Small ubiquitous devices connected by wireless networks will become future Internet appliances. To support them, communication networks must evolve to seamlessly as- sist appliances and provide advanced functionalities. We present a personal communication environment called Om- nisphere that provides a communication and information universe surrounding wireless appliances. It is based on a high level concept calledambient services that allows to

  3. Web mining for web personalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Magdalini Eirinaki; Michalis Vazirgiannis

    2003-01-01

    Web personalization is the process of customizing a Web site to the needs of specific users, taking advantage of the knowledge acquired from the analysis of the user's navigational behavior (usage data) in correlation with other information collected in the Web context, namely, structure, content, and user profile data. Due to the explosive growth of the Web, the domain of

  4. Toward exercise as personalized medicine.

    PubMed

    Buford, Thomas W; Roberts, Michael D; Church, Timothy S

    2013-03-01

    The early 21st century has witnessed a steady push by scientists, industry leaders, and government officials to make medicine more personalized. To date, the concept of personalized medicine has referred largely to the field of pharmacogenomics. In contrast, relatively few data exist regarding the application of preventive strategies such as physical exercise in the context of personalized medicine. Within this review, we highlight the extant literature and propose five strategies for scientists that may propel the exercise and sports science fields toward this global goal. Notably, these approaches are in addition to methods to maintain adherence to training - a well-known factor in determining exercise responsiveness. Briefly, these strategies include (1) evaluating participant responses to training at the individual as well as group level; (2) identifying sources of variability in responsiveness to training; (3) optimizing exercise dosing strategies to maximize benefits while minimizing barriers to participation; (4) evaluating the efficacy of multimodal interventions for relevant population subgroups; and (5) increasing the clinical relevance of study populations and outcomes in exercise trials. We look forward to seeing these strategies considered in trials of preventive health interventions such as exercise. Extensive future research in this area is needed for the vision of exercise as a personalized form of medicine to become a reality. PMID:23382011

  5. Author's personal copy Review Paper

    E-print Network

    Fierer, Noah

    ecology Cross-site comparisons Microbial communities Soil carbon dynamics Ecological principles a b s t rAuthor's personal copy Review Paper Searching for unifying principles in soil ecology Noah Fierer a a c t The field of soil ecology has relatively few fundamental unifying principles that can be used

  6. PERSONAL SAFETY IN DANGEROUS PLACES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TERRY WILLIAMS; ELOISE DUNLAP; BRUCE D. JOHNSON; ANSLEY HAMID

    1992-01-01

    Personal safety during fieldwork is seldom addressed directly in the literature. Drawing from many prior years of ethnographic research and from field experience while studying crack distributors in New York City, the authors provide a variety of strategies by which ethnographic research can be safely conducted in dangerous settings. By projecting an appropriate demeanor, ethnographers can seek others for protector

  7. Stuart Gatehouse: A Personal Appreciation

    PubMed Central

    Haggard, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Stuart Gatehouse worked in the MRC Institute of Hearing Research Scottish Section for 29 years until his untimely death in 2007. The former director records a personal appreciation but also an explanation, for those who did not know him well, of the mixture of qualities that made him an outstanding applied scientist. PMID:18567588

  8. Person name disambiguation by bootstrapping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minoru Yoshida; Masaki Ikeda; Shingo Ono; Issei Sato; Hiroshi Nakagawa

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we report our system that disambiguates person names in Web search results. The system uses named entities, compound key words, and URLs as features for document similarity calculation, which typically show high precision but low recall clustering results. We propose to use a two-stage clustering algorithm by bootstrapping to improve the low recall values, in which clustering

  9. Dezernat 1 Personal/ Organisation Sekretariat

    E-print Network

    Dezernat 1 Personal/ Organisation Dezernent Jens Müll Sekretariat Frau M. Voigt Personalverwaltung-Kathrin Friedrich Fakultät I, III, Zentrale Einrichtungen Frau H. Neunaber Frau K. Paluch Fakultät II, IV, BIS, IT Frau S. Kusch Frau A. Feldhus FK V (Theor. Physik, Forwind), Fakultät VI Frau S. Garre Herr J. Kraft FK

  10. Personality, Delinquency, and Criminal Recidivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Dam, Coleta; De Bruyn, Eric E. J.; Janssens, Jan M. A. M.

    2007-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between PEN profiles, delinquency, and recidivism in young offenders. According to Eysenck, personality is based on three basic Dimensions: Psychoticism, Extraversion, and Neuroticism (PEN-model). Eysenck states that delinquents score high on all three dimensions. A group of young male offenders in a juvenile…

  11. Personal Computer Price and Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Walt

    1993-01-01

    Discusses personal computer price trends since 1986; describes offerings and prices for four direct-market suppliers, i.e., Dell CompuAdd, PC Brand, and Gateway 2000; and discusses overall value and price/performance ratios. Tables and graphs chart value over time. (EA)

  12. Personal sampler for nitrogen dioxide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. D. PALMES; A. F. GUNNISON; J. DiMATTIO; C. TOMCZYK

    1976-01-01

    A new type of personal sampler for gases in air, originally reported from this laboratory, has been adapted to measurement of NO2. The sampler depends on the transfer of NO2 by diffusion to a triethanolamine coated collector at the sealed end of a tube; the open end of the tube is exposed to the test environment. The devices are accurate,

  13. Aquatics and Persons with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilling, Mary Lou

    1993-01-01

    This bulletin shares information regarding adaptive equipment, recommended interventions, precautions, and fun activities related to aquatic activities and exercise for persons with handicapping conditions. The bulletin begins with a list of 13 safety precautions and then describes instructional aids, adaptive aids, fitness-oriented devices, and…

  14. The creative person as maverick.

    PubMed

    Giovacchini, P L

    1991-01-01

    The innate talents that are the essence of creativity are associated with a particular type of character structure. The child's creative potential has to be supported by the infantile milieu, which also happens to have a characteristic stamp. Within this context of personality configurations and developmental antecedents associated with creative ability, there can be considerable variation. I am not postulating a specific or stereotypic creative character. There are, however, certain qualities that can be found in various character types (and can even exist alongside psychopathology) that are often found in creative scientists and perhaps artists as well. I believe the maverick often possesses these character traits and many of the scientists I have had the opportunity of treating proudly considered themselves mavericks. The creative personality is characterized by paradoxes; these cast it in the maverick mold. Possessors of this personality belong and do not belong. They do not break the rules but bend them a little. They are nonconformists but not rebels. They display many features that do not seem to belong together. The paradoxical qualities that dominate the creator's personality and behavior are the outcome of a certain fluidity of character and ego boundaries. The creative process involves a broad range of functioning and traverses various levels of the psyche, frequently reaching down to the very earliest, primary-process-oriented parts of the self. Ego boundaries, in turn, can become quite fluid and permeable, even though they are ordinarily firmly established and well structured. It is this broad spectrum, a prominent feature of the creative process (Giovacchini, 1965, 1971, 1981), that has been often confused with psychopathology. These paradoxical elements are the outcome of an infantile environment that has provided considerable gratification. Again the early milieu of creative personalities may be extremely varied, but there has always been some person or persons who have had a considerable emotional investment in the child. As the developing psyche incorporates and introjects these gratifying and security-establishing experiences, they become amalgamated into the self-representation. In the face of adversity, they provide confidence and reassurance and allow the creator to soothe him- or herself when upset by inner tension. Consequently, creative scientists do not depend so much on the outer world as they do on inner resources. One scientist told me that he could not understand how anyone could ever be bored. Even if he were denied access to his work, he could always find something interesting to do or explore.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1938581

  15. Challenges of web-based personal genomic data sharing.

    PubMed

    Shabani, Mahsa; Borry, Pascal

    2015-12-01

    In order to study the relationship between genes and diseases, the increasing availability and sharing of phenotypic and genotypic data have been promoted as an imperative within the scientific community. In parallel with data sharing practices by clinicians and researchers, recent initiatives have been observed in which individuals are sharing personal genomic data. The involvement of individuals in such initiatives is facilitated by the increased accessibility of personal genomic data, offered by private test providers along with availability of online networks. Personal webpages and on-line data sharing platforms such as Consent to Research (Portable Legal Consent), Free the Data, and Genomes Unzipped are being utilized to host and share genotypes, electronic health records and family history uploaded by individuals. Although personal genomic data sharing initiatives vary in nature, the emphasis on the individuals' control on their data in order to benefit research and ultimately health care has seen as a key theme across these initiatives. In line with the growing practice of personal genomic data sharing, this paper aims to shed light on the potential challenges surrounding these initiatives. As in the course of these initiatives individuals are solicited to individually balance the risks and benefits of sharing their genomic data, their awareness of the implications of personal genomic data sharing for themselves and their family members is a necessity. Furthermore, given the sensitivity of genomic data and the controversies around their complete de-identifiability, potential privacy risks and harms originating from unintended uses of data have to be taken into consideration. PMID:26085313

  16. Probable Person-to-Person Transmission of Avian Influenza A (H5N1)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumnuan Ungchusak; Prasert Auewarakul; Scott F. Dowell; Rungrueng Kitphati; Wattana Auwanit; Pilaipan Puthavathana; Mongkol Uiprasertkul; Kobporn Boonnak; Chakrarat Pittayawonganon; Nancy J. Cox; Sherif R. Zaki; Pranee Thawatsupha; Malinee Chittaganpitch; Rotjana Khontong; James M. Simmerman; Supamit Chunsutthiwat

    2005-01-01

    background During 2004, a highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus caused poultry dis- ease in eight Asian countries and infected at least 44 persons, killing 32; most of these persons had had close contact with poultry. No evidence of efficient person-to-person transmission has yet been reported. We investigated possible person-to-person trans- mission in a family cluster of the disease

  17. Official conceptualizations of person-centered care: which person counts?

    PubMed

    O'Dwyer, Ciara

    2013-08-01

    Numerous studies have indicated that a "psycho-social" person-centered care approach, involving the delivery of a compassionate, respectful model of care, leads to a high quality of life, particularly for older people living in residential care. This has prompted policy-makers to endorse this approach. Yet, some commentators have argued that the model of person-centered care in official government policies equates to a "consumer-based" rather than a psycho-social approach, as it focuses solely on offering service-users more choice and on promoting independence. However, as such arguments are made in the absence of any empirical analysis, it is unclear both whether such a distinction exists in practice, and, if so, how this alternative model developed. This study explores the development of minimum standards for residential care settings for older people in Ireland in order to address this gap in our understanding of person-centered care. Findings confirm that a consumer-driven model of person-centered care underpins the Irish Standards; residential care is portrayed as a hotel-like service and residents as discerning consumers, which may be unsuitable for older people in residential care with limited capacity to make key choices. Analysis indicates that this model can be seen both as an extension of consumer-driven policies endorsed by many neo-liberal governments, and also of policy-makers' fears of losing their autonomy when they reach the "Fourth Age". This study is particularly illuminating, given the similarities between the Irish care system with England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and Australia. PMID:23849421

  18. Socratic Electronics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kuphaldt, Tony R.

    Created by Tony R. Kuphaldt, this web site from the Open Book Project provides educational resources for learning and teaching electronics. It is promotes student discussion and individual research. The web site contains essays that describe this style of teaching, a collection of worksheets for teachers to use to stimulate student discussion and research about electronics, and a link to animations that help describe dynamic processes in electric and electronic circuits.

  19. White Paper: Advancing Personalized Health Care through Health Information Technology: An Update from the American Health Information Community's Personalized Health Care Workgroup

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Glaser; Douglas E. Henley; Gregory Downing; Kristin M. Brinner

    2008-01-01

    The Personalized Health Care Workgroup of the American Health Information Community was formed to determine what is needed to promote standard reporting and incorporation of medical genetic\\/genomic tests and family health history data in electronic health records. The Workgroup has examined and clarified a range of issues related to this information, including interoperability standards and requirements for confidentiality, privacy, and

  20. Internetworking satellite and local exchange networks for personal communications applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolff, Richard S.; Pinck, Deborah

    1993-01-01

    The demand for personal communications services has shown unprecedented growth, and the next decade and beyond promise an era in which the needs for ubiquitous, transparent and personalized access to information will continue to expand in both scale and scope. The exchange of personalized information is growing from two-way voice to include data communications, electronic messaging and information services, image transfer, video, and interactive multimedia. The emergence of new land-based and satellite-based wireless networks illustrates the expanding scale and trend toward globalization and the need to establish new local exchange and exchange access services to meet the communications needs of people on the move. An important issue is to identify the roles that satellite networking can play in meeting these new communications needs. The unique capabilities of satellites, in providing coverage to large geographic areas, reaching widely dispersed users, for position location determination, and in offering broadcast and multicast services, can complement and extend the capabilities of terrestrial networks. As an initial step in exploring the opportunities afforded by the merger of satellite-based and land-based networks, several experiments utilizing the NASA ACTS satellite and the public switched local exchange network were undertaken to demonstrate the use of satellites in the delivery of personal communications services.