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Sample records for energiewerke nord gmbh

  1. Multiprocessor data acquisition for NordBall

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jerrestam, Dan; Forycki, A.; Holm, A.; Høy-Christensen, P.; Jian Shen, T.

    1989-12-01

    For the NordBall multidetector system a versatile data acquisition system has been developed around the VME bus utilizing 68010 processors. The readout of the instrument is based on a generalized READER concept. READERs are CPU boards reading hardware in parallel for each event. In the FERA bus the final fast logical decision is made before an event is to be considered as being present for readout. Synchronization with the trigger for readout, coming from the FERA bus system, is performed by a special hardware unit. Synchronization on event level between the READERs is done by the same hardware unit monitored by a master CPU.

  2. Teaching Religion in Public Schools: Review of Warren A. Nord, "Does God Make a Difference?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Walter

    2013-01-01

    In this review of Warren Nord's "Does God Make a Difference? Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities," Walter Feinberg provides a detailed analysis of Nord's argument that the study of religion should be constitutionally mandated as a corrective to the overwhelmingly secular course of study offered in…

  3. 75 FR 7936 - Airworthiness Directives; SCHEIBE-Flugzeugbau GmbH Model SF 25C Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ...'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a... GmbH Model SF 25C Gliders AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule...-Flugzeugbau GmbH has issued SCHEIBE AIRCRAFT GMBH Service Bulletin 653-64, dated November 10, 2009....

  4. 77 FR 7005 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GMBH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it...; ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GMBH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA),...

  5. 77 FR 32884 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GMBH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2012-0101; Directorate Identifier 2010-SW... Deutschland GMBH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. ] SUMMARY.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ed Cuevas, Aviation Safety Engineer, Safety Management...

  6. 76 FR 19721 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will... Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft Aerospace GmbH; Fairchild Dornier GmbH; Dornier Luftfahrt GmbH) Model 328-100 and -300 Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT....

  7. Requirement of norD for Brucella suis Virulence in a Murine Model of In Vitro and In Vivo Infection

    PubMed Central

    Loisel-Meyer, Séverine; Jiménez de Bagüés, Maria Pilar; Bassères, Eugénie; Dornand, Jacques; Köhler, Stephan; Liautard, Jean-Pierre; Jubier-Maurin, Véronique

    2006-01-01

    A mutant of Brucella suis bearing a Tn5 insertion in norD, the last gene of the operon norEFCBQD, encoding nitric oxide reductase, was unable to survive under anaerobic denitrifying conditions. The norD strain exhibited attenuated multiplication within nitric oxide-producing murine macrophages and rapid elimination in mice, hence demonstrating that norD is essential for Brucella virulence. PMID:16495577

  8. 77 FR 55105 - Airbus Operations GmbH Grant of Exemption No. 10611

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ... http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR ; or 3. Contacting the person... Administration 14 CFR Part 121 Airbus Operations GmbH Grant of Exemption No. 10611 AGENCY: Federal Aviation...: Summary of Grant of Exemption Docket No.: FAA-2012-0429. Petitioner: Airbus Operations GmbH. Sections...

  9. 78 FR 42677 - Airworthiness Directives; Austro Engine GmbH Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... applies to all Austro Engine GmbH model E4 engines, with a waste gate controller, part number (P/N) E4A-41... directive (AD) for all Austro Engine GmbH model E4 engines. This AD requires removing from service certain... the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov ; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between...

  10. 78 FR 18920 - Airworthiness Directives; Austro Engine GmbH Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ... AD applies to all Austro Engine GmbH model E4 engines, with a waste gate controller, part number (P/N...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Austro Engine GmbH model E4... comments electronically. Mail: Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200...

  11. 76 FR 33660 - Airworthiness Directives; Austro Engine GmbH Model E4 Diesel Piston Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-09

    ... 2010-23-09, Amendment 39-16498 (75 FR 68179, November 5, 2010), for Austro Engine GmbH model E4 diesel...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect... FR 68179, November 5, 2010), and adding the following new AD: Austro Engine GmbH: Docket No....

  12. 78 FR 69320 - Airworthiness Directives; DORNIER LUFTFAHRT GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-19

    ... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation... GmbH Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... (AD) for all DORNIER LUFTFAHRT GmbH Model 228-212 airplanes. This proposed AD results from...

  13. 78 FR 77380 - Airworthiness Directives; Dornier Luftfahrt GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... 2006-11-19 (71 FR 32268; June 5, 2006), Dornier Luftfahrt GmbH changed the compliance time between... Amendment 39-14624 (71 FR 32268; June 5, 2006), and adding the following new AD: Dornier Luftfahrt GmbH.... Discussion On May 24, 2006, we issued AD 2006-11-19, Amendment 39-14624 (71 FR 32268; June 5, 2006). That...

  14. 78 FR 65869 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect...-17646; AD 2013-22-14] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders AGENCY... adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for any DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG-1000T glider equipped...

  15. 78 FR 70209 - Airworthiness Directives; XtremeAir GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect...-047-AD; Amendment 39-17674; AD 2013-23-19] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; XtremeAir GmbH.... SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for XtremeAir GmbH Model XA42 airplanes....

  16. 76 FR 76330 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH... ] Flugzeugbau GmbH Models DG-500 Elan Orion sailplanes and DG-500M and DG-500MB powered sailplanes....

  17. 77 FR 43736 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed... Deutschland GmbH (Eurocopter) Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 helicopters. This proposed AD is prompted by the...

  18. 77 FR 69558 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model EC135 P1, EC135 P2, EC135 P2+, EC135 T1, EC135 T2, and EC135...

  19. 78 FR 67013 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect...-030-AD; Amendment 39-17644; AD 2013-22-12] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH.... SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Models DG-800A,...

  20. 77 FR 42958 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-23

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model MBB-BK 117 (all versions) and BO-105LS A-3 helicopters. This...

  1. 77 FR 71359 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH... Flugzeugbau GmbH Model DG-1000T gliders equipped with Solo Kleinmotoren Model 2350 C engines. This proposed...

  2. 78 FR 16196 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-14

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will... Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... (AD) for all Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) EC 135 P1, P2, P2+, T1, T2, and T2+...

  3. 77 FR 49705 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... (77 FR 37777, June 25, 2012), currently includes the following paragraph (e)(1)(i) in the Required... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request... published in the Federal Register. That AD applies to Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Model MBB-BK 117...

  4. 78 FR 7312 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed... Deutschland GmbH (Eurocopter) Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 helicopters. This proposed AD would require changing...

  5. 77 FR 65503 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will... Industries GmbH Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT... (AD) for Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 42, DA 42 M-NG, and DA 42 NG airplanes....

  6. 76 FR 42031 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... (76 FR 19721). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant... Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft Aerospace GmbH; Fairchild Dornier GmbH;...

  7. Evidence of earliest human occurrence in Europe: the site of Pirro Nord (Southern Italy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arzarello, Marta; Marcolini, Federica; Pavia, Giulio; Pavia, Marco; Petronio, Carmelo; Petrucci, Mauro; Rook, Lorenzo; Sardella, Raffaele

    2007-02-01

    Some flint lithic artifacts were discovered in the fissure fillings of the well-known Pirro Nord site (Apulia, Southern Italy). The lithic industry, composed by three cores and some flakes, has been found to be associated to an Early Pleistocene vertebrate fossil assemblage. The fossil association contains a wide range of micromammals, including Allophaiomys ruffoi and Episoriculus gibberodon and large mammals including Bison degiulii and Equus altidens together with African elements as the gelada baboon Theropithecus and the saber-toothed cat Megantereon whitei. It defines the latest Villafranchian chronological unit (Pirro Nord Faunal Unit) in the Western European mammal biochronology. The lithic industry of Pirro Nord represents the oldest occurrence of the genus Homo in Europe as it is attributable to a chronological interval between 1.3 and 1.7 Ma. This supports the hypothesis that the genus Homo, with Oldowaian technology, extended its range in Europe, probably from western Asia, during the first half of the Early Pleistocene. The new discovery from Pirro Nord changes the chronology of the first arrival of hominids in Europe and offers new perspectives in the debate about the human dispersal in the Early Pleistocene.

  8. Improving irrigation management in L'Horta Nord (Valencia, Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pascual-Seva, Nuria; San Bautista, Alberto; López-Galarza, Salvador; Maroto, Jose Vicente; Pascual, Bernardo

    2014-05-01

    L'Horta Nord is an important irrigation district in Valencia (Spain), especially for vegetable crops. The traditional cropping pattern in the region consists of a rotation of chufa with crops such as potato, onion, lettuce, escarole and red cabbage, being all these crops furrow irrigated. Currently, the quality of the water used is acceptable, water is not expensive and there are no limitations on supply. Consequently, growers are not aware of the volumes of water used, application efficiencies, nor water productivity for any of the crops cited. The European Framework Directive 2000/60, based on the precautionary principle, considers preventive action for measures to be taken; moreover, drought periods are becoming more frequent and extended, and water is being diverted to other uses. Thus, water use is an issue to improve. In this sense, the current situation of the irrigation in the area is analysed using chufa (Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativus Boeck.) as representative of the crops, since most of the crops in the area have shallow root systems, as chufa, which are irrigated in similar patterns. In order to analyse the irrigation performance of the traditional chufa crop as well as to achieve more sustainable results, different studies have been carried out, during the last decade. Efforts have been directed to increase water productivity, increasing yield and minimising the volumes of water applied. Different planting configurations and different irrigation thresholds, not only in furrow irrigation but also in drip irrigation, are examples of how the irrigation performance could be improved. Herein is presented a two-year study, comparing, in both furrow and drip irrigation, two irrigation schedules based on the volumetric soil water content, which was continuously monitored using capacitance sensors. Yield was significantly affected by the growing season, the irrigation system and by the irrigation schedule, and by the second order interactions of the

  9. 77 FR 20321 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-04

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed... Deutschland GmbH (ECD) MBB-BK 117 A-3, MBB-BK 117 A-4, MBB- BK B-1, MBB-BK 117 B-2, and MBB-BK C-1...

  10. A thorny question: the taxonomic identity of the Pirro Nord cervical vertebrae revisited.

    PubMed

    Alba, David M; Colombero, Simone; Delfino, Massimo; Martínez-Navarro, Bienvenido; Pavia, Marco; Rook, Lorenzo

    2014-11-01

    The past geographic distribution of the genus Theropithecus (Primates: Cercopithecidae) is mainly restricted to Africa. Outside that continent, the earliest reported records of this genus consist of a calcaneus of cf. Theropithecus sp. from 'Ubeidiya (Israel, 1.6-1.2 Ma [millions of years ago]), as well as three associated cervical vertebrae from Pirro Nord (Italy, 1.7-1.3 Ma) attributed to Theropithecus sp. The attribution of the Pirro Nord vertebrae to this genus has been disputed on morphometric grounds, although their assignment to a large-bodied cercopithecid has remained undisputed. Here we report unpublished cervical vertebral specimens with a similar morphology and, given their significance for the paleobiogeography of Theropithecus (purportedly representing its earliest European record), we re-evaluate their taxonomic attribution. In particular, we reconsider the possibility that they belong to another non-primate mammal recorded at this site. Based on both qualitative and metric morphological comparisons, we strongly favor an alternative attribution of the cervical vertebrae from Pirro Nord to the large porcupine Hystrix refossa, which is widely documented at the site by both dentognathic and other postcranial remains. We therefore conclude that the dispersal of Theropithecus out of Africa before ca. 1 Ma (when it is recorded by dental remains from Cueva Victoria, Spain) is currently based only on the calcaneus from 'Ubeidiya tentatively attributed to this genus. PMID:25042286

  11. 76 FR 77159 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... proposed AD. Discussion On September 30, 2009, we issued AD 2009-21-06, Amendment 39-16043 (74 FR 53151... Luftfahrt GmbH) Model 328-100 and -300 airplanes. Since we issued AD 2009-21-06, Amendment 39-16043 (74 FR...-06, Amendment 39-16043 (74 FR 53151, October 16, 2009)] as an interim solution, to require a...

  12. 78 FR 31394 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ...We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 helicopters. This AD requires revising the operating limitations to prohibit flights under instrument flight rules (IFR) or under night visual flight rules (VFR) when the autotrim is inoperative. The actions of this AD are intended to prevent a workload situation whereby stabilizing......

  13. 76 FR 65421 - Airworthiness Directives; Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ...We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH Model Discus 2cT gliders. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) originated by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition...

  14. 77 FR 66409 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will... Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA... TS, and HK 36 TTS airplanes. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing...

  15. 77 FR 37790 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ...We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) that supersedes an existing Emergency Airworthiness Directive (EAD) for certain Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model EC135 helicopters. The existing EAD, which was previously sent to all known U.S. owners and operators of ECD Model EC135 helicopters and not made generally effective by publication in the Federal Register, currently requires......

  16. 77 FR 44116 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-27

    ..., at 77 FR 20321, the Federal Register published our notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), which... not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule....

  17. 78 FR 49115 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-13

    .... DATES: This final rule is effective August 13, 2013. The effective date for AD 2012-11-02 (77 FR 37790....miles@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: AD 2012-11-02, Amendment 39-17065 (77 FR 37790, June 25, 2012... Deutschland GmbH Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final...

  18. 78 FR 26241 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Powered Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ...-08, amendment 39-17365 (78 FR 14160, March 5, 2013), for all Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models... certain publications listed in this AD as of April 9, 2013 (78 FR 14160, March 5, 2013). We must receive... products. Actions Since AD Was Issued Since we issued AD 2013-04-08 (78 FR 14160, March 5, 2013), it...

  19. 76 FR 82110 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-30

    ...-16236 (75 FR 12439, March 16, 2010). (c) Applicability This AD applies to Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH..., Amendment 39-16236 (75 FR 12439, March 16, 2010). That AD applies to the specified products. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on October 18, 2011 (76 FR 64285). That NPRM proposed to require...

  20. 77 FR 13488 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... (75 FR 32253, June 8, 2010), and adding the following new AD: 2010-11-09R1 Thielert Aircraft Engines... IBR on July 13, 2010 (75 FR 32253, June 8, 2010). (i) Thielert Aircraft Engines (TAE) GmbH, TAE SB No... 13, 2010 (75 FR 32253, June 8, 2010). ADDRESSES: For service information identified in this...

  1. 77 FR 67675 - Importer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration, SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ..., 2012, 77 FR 50162, SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co., LLC., 3500 Dekalb Street, St. Louis, Missouri... (7437) I Psilocyn (7438) I 1- piperidine I (7470). N-Benzylpiperazine (7493) I Heroin (9200)...

  2. 78 FR 39339 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co., LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ..., 78 FR 19015, SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co. LLC., 3500 Dekalb Street, St. Louis, Missouri 63118... Heroin (9200) I Normorphine (9313) I Etonitazene (9624) I Amphetamine (1100) II Methamphetamine (1105)...

  3. 77 FR 12450 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ...We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for BRP- Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax 912 S2, 912 S3, and 914 F2 reciprocating engines. This AD requires performing a one-time inspection of the oil system for leaks and a torque check of the oil pump attachment bolts, and if leaks are detected, performing a one-time inspection of the oil pump and engine valve train, on certain serial number......

  4. [Evaluation of the website of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais regional pharmacovigilance center].

    PubMed

    Rochoy, Michaël; Béné, Johana; Messaadi, Nassir; Auffret, Marine; Gautier, Sophie

    2016-06-01

    We posted the Nord-Pas-de-Calais regional pharmacovigilance center website and distributed a survey to its potential users between August 2014 and October 2014 (135 general practitioners, 45 pharmacists, 14 patients). Satisfaction was 7.3±1.6 out of 10 points for the visual aspect, 7.8±1.5 out of 10 points for navigation and 7.6±1.4 out of 10 points for content. The website was declared useful by 98% respondents, particularly for the reporting of adverse drugs reactions (89%). PMID:27235657

  5. The Nordic long-term OCD treatment study (NordLOTS): rationale, design, and methods

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper describes and discusses the methodology of the Nordic long-term OCD-treatment study (NordLOTS). The purpose of this effectiveness study was to study treatment outcome of CBT, to identify CBT non- or partial responders and to investigate whether an increased number of CBT-sessions or sertraline treatment gives the best outcome; to identify treatment refractory patients and to investigate the outcome of aripiprazole augmentation; to study the outcome over a three year period for each responder including the risk of relapse, and finally to study predictors, moderators and mediators of treatment response. Methods Step 1 was an open and uncontrolled clinical trial with CBT, step 2 was a controlled, randomised non-blinded study of CBT non-responders from step 1. Patients were randomized to receive either sertraline plus CBT-support or continued and modified CBT. In step 3 patients who did not respond to either CBT or sertraline were treated with aripiprazole augmentation to sertraline. Conclusions This multicenter trial covering three Scandinavian countries is going to be the largest CBT-study for paediatric OCD to date. It is not funded by industry and tries in the short and long-term to answer the question whether further CBT or SSRI is better in CBT non-responders. PMID:24354717

  6. 75 FR 52292 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 40 and DA 40F Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft... new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 40 and DA...

  7. 75 FR 54462 - Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier-Rotax GmbH 912 F Series and 912 S Series Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... to the specified products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on May 17, 2010 (75 FR... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant... GmbH 912 F Series and 912 S Series Reciprocating Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...

  8. 75 FR 75868 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 40 and DA 40F Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... Register on August 25, 2010 (75 FR 52292). That NPRM proposed to require a retrofit of the rear passenger... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 40 and DA 40F Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration,...

  9. 77 FR 50162 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co., LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co., LLC Correction In notice document 2012-19191 appearing on pages 47106-47108 in the issue...

  10. 78 FR 70327 - TÜV SÜD Product Services GmbH: Request for Renewal of Recognition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ... recognition as a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory on July 20, 2001 (66 FR 38032), for a five-year... Order No. 1-2012 (77 FR 3912, Jan. 25, 2012), and 29 CFR 1910.7. Signed at Washington, DC, on November... Occupational Safety and Health Administration T V S D Product Services GmbH: Request for Renewal of...

  11. La tectonique active de la région nord-algérienne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yelles-Chaouche, AbdelKrim; Boudiaf, Azzedine; Djellit, Hamou; Bracene, Rabah

    2006-01-01

    En Algérie, la tectonique active est localisée dans la région nord du pays, essentiellement dans le Tell. Dans cette région, frontière entre les plaques Africaine et Eurasiatique, la déformation tectonique est l'expression de la convergence actuelle des ces deux plaques et se traduit par la fermeture progressive des bassins néogènes et par la poursuite de l'édification de la chaîne. Le long de la marge, la déformation s'exprime dans la partie de la plaine abyssale proche du continent, par le plissement de la couverture plio-quaternaire. Au niveau de la pente et sur le plateau continental, la sismicité est générée par des accidents qui se prolongent parfois à terre. Cette tectonique littorale active est à l'origine de la surrection de la côte, comme cela fut le cas lors du dernier séisme de Boumerdes du 21 mai 2003, où le soulèvement cosismique a été estimé en moyenne à 0,50 m. À terre, la sismicité s'exprime surtout le long des bordures des bassins néogènes qui longent la côte. Ces bassins se déforment en donnant des structures plicatives (synclinaux, anticlinaux) et parfois cassantes (pli-failles, failles inverses, chevauchements) orientées NE-SW à NNE-SSW. Ces dernières sont le plus souvent à l'origine des violents tremblements de terre que connaît l'Algérie. Plus au sud, la sismicité s'exprime, tout le long du Tell, le long des faisceaux de plis de direction NE-SW. Actuellement, dans les régions des Hauts Plateaux et la région de l'Atlas saharien, l'activité sismique est faible. Pour citer cet article : A. Yelles-Chaouche et al., C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).

  12. 77 FR 17323 - Special Conditions: XtremeAir GmbH, XA42; Acrobatic Category Aerodynamic Stability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ...These special conditions are issued for the XtremeAir GmbH XA42 airplane. The XA42 airplane has a novel or unusual design feature associated with its static stability. This airplane can perform at the highest level of aerobatic competition. To be competitive, the aircraft was designed with positive and, at some points, neutral stability within its flight envelope. Its lateral and directional......

  13. 76 FR 80829 - Special Conditions: XtremeAir GmbH, XA42; Acrobatic Category Aerodynamic Stability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ...This action proposes special conditions for the XtremeAir GmbH XA42 airplane. The XA42 airplane has a novel or unusual design feature associated with its static stability. This airplane can perform at the highest level of aerobatic competition. To be competitive, the aircraft was designed with positive and, at some points, neutral stability within its flight envelope. Its lateral and......

  14. Source apportionment of particles at Station Nord, North East Greenland during 2008-2010 using COPREM and PMF analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, Q. T.; Skov, H.; Sørensen, L. L.; Jensen, B. J.; Grube, A. G.; Massling, A.; Glasius, M.; Nøjgaard, J. K.

    2012-09-01

    In order to develop strategies for controlling and reducing Arctic air pollution, there is a need to understand the basic mechanisms for determining the fate of air pollution in the Arctic. Sources of atmospheric particles at Station Nord (81°36' N, 16°40' W) in North East Greenland were evaluated for a two-year period from March 2008 to February 2010. Source apportionment using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and COnstrained Physical Receptor Model (COPREM) was based on measurements of black carbon, elements (Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Pb) and inorganic ions (SO2, SO42-, Na+, NH4+, NO3-, Cl-). In general, source apportionment results by PMF and COPREM showed good agreement. Five sources adequately explained the measurements, which included a Marine and a Soil source of natural origin and three additional anthropogenic sources, which were all influenced by metal industries. One anthropogenic source was dominated by Zn of which air mass back trajectories using the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model suggested a Canadian Arctic origin, despite certain influences from southern and eastern origins. Another anthropogenic source was characterised by high concentrations of Pb and As, which has been historically referred to as a Combustion source at Station Nord. The impacts of large-scale industry in Siberia, Russia were evident through high Cu concentrations in both the Combustion source and an additional Cu/Ni source. Br correlated well with the anthropogenic species S and Pb though the elements are unlikely to have a common origin. More likely, sulphuric acid aerosols serve as transport containers for Br species of marine or local origin. Of particular relevance to climate, sources of black carbon were identified to be mainly anthropogenic and most probably of Siberian origin (80-98%).

  15. Source apportionment of particles at Station Nord, North East Greenland during 2008-2010 using COPREM and PMF analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, Q. T.; Skov, H.; Sørensen, L. L.; Jensen, B. J.; Grube, A. G.; Massling, A.; Glasius, M.; Nøjgaard, J. K.

    2013-01-01

    In order to develop strategies for controlling and reducing Arctic air pollution, there is a need to understand the basic mechanisms for determining the fate of air pollution in the Arctic. Sources of atmospheric particles at Station Nord (81° 36' N, 16° 40' W) in North East Greenland were evaluated for a two-year period from March 2008 to February 2010. Source apportionment using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and COnstrained Physical REceptor Model (COPREM) was based on measurements of black carbon, elements (Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Pb) and inorganic ions (SO2, SO42-, Na+, NH4+, NO3-, Cl2-. In general, source apportionment results by PMF and COPREM showed good agreement. Five sources adequately explained the measurements, which included a Marine and a Soil source of natural origin and three additional anthropogenic sources, which were all influenced by metal industries. One anthropogenic source was dominated by Zn of which air mass back trajectories using the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model suggested a Canadian Arctic origin, despite certain influences from Southern and Eastern origins. Another anthropogenic source was characterised by high concentrations of Pb and As, which has been historically referred to as a Combustion source at Station Nord. The impacts of large-scale industry in Siberia, Russia were evident through high Cu concentrations in both the Combustion source and an additional Cu/Ni source. Br correlated well with the anthropogenic species S and Pb though the elements are unlikely to have a common origin. More likely, sulphuric acid aerosols serve as transport containers for Br species of marine origin. Of particular relevance to climate, sources of black carbon were identified to be mainly anthropogenic and most probably of Siberian origin (80-98%).

  16. Jan Mayen revisited, the sister volcanoes Sør-Jan and Nord-Jan (Beerenberg) and their evolution through time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoskuldsson, A.; Gjerlxw, E.; Pedersen, R. B.; Thorseth, I. H.

    2011-12-01

    The Island of Jan Mayen is situated at 71°N and 8.3°W in the north Atlantic at the southern edge of the Jan Mayen fracture zone. It is a volcanic island extending for about 53 km from SW towards NE. Maximum width of the island is 15.8 km at its northern tip, while minimum width is only 2.5 km at its centre. The island is built up by two main edifices that have erupted repeatedly, namely Sør-Jan and Nord-Jan or Beerenberg. Petrology of the two edifices is strikingly different. In the south volcanic products are characterized by evolved basalts and trackites to rhyolites. Crystals of ol, cpx, opx are small and in low portions in the rocks. Plg is however common. A 220 m thick plinian formation is found at Borga location in Sør Jan resting on top of a palaeo beach at the altitude of some 170-200 m. This we interpret as caldera formation on Sør Jan and the beach uplift a later stage resurgent activity within the caldera. Further the post caldera volcanic activity all indicates that magma has been stored for shorter or longer time before eruption on surface. Nord Jan or Beerenberg on the other hand shows more primitive magma evolution indicating its younger age. At the flanks of Beerenberg (e.g. Esk krater and Kapp Fishburn) volcanic activity is characterized by ankaramitic magma, with ol, opx and cpx (to lesser extent) in the size range of 1-4 cm and portions up 30% of the whole rock. Plg is absent in these rocks. Volcanic vents closer to the summit area of Beerenberg have smaller ol, cpx and opx (to a lesser extent) and in much lower portion than at the flank eruption sites. These rocks also all carry plg, indicating magma reservoir development and shallow magma residence towards the centre of Beerenberg. We will present a model for the evolution of the Jan Mayen Island, as a migrating volcanism from South towards North. At first the volcanism is characterized by mantle derived magma, namely ankaramites. Prolonged activity forms magma chambers in the crust that

  17. 77 FR 57041 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-01, TAE 125-02-99, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ...-07-09, amendment 39-16646 (76 FR 17757, March 31, 2011), for Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH models... a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26...-09, Amendment 39-16646 (76 FR 17757, March 31, 2011), and adding the following new AD:...

  18. Developpement D'un Modele Climatique Regional: Fizr Simulation des Conditions de Janvier de la Cote Ouest Nord Americaine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goyette, Stephane

    1995-11-01

    Le sujet de cette these concerne la modelisation numerique du climat regional. L'objectif principal de l'exercice est de developper un modele climatique regional ayant les capacites de simuler des phenomenes de meso-echelle spatiale. Notre domaine d'etude se situe sur la Cote Ouest nord americaine. Ce dernier a retenu notre attention a cause de la complexite du relief et de son controle sur le climat. Les raisons qui motivent cette etude sont multiples: d'une part, nous ne pouvons pas augmenter, en pratique, la faible resolution spatiale des modeles de la circulation generale de l'atmosphere (MCG) sans augmenter a outrance les couts d'integration et, d'autre part, la gestion de l'environnement exige de plus en plus de donnees climatiques regionales determinees avec une meilleure resolution spatiale. Jusqu'alors, les MCG constituaient les modeles les plus estimes pour leurs aptitudes a simuler le climat ainsi que les changements climatiques mondiaux. Toutefois, les phenomenes climatiques de fine echelle echappent encore aux MCG a cause de leur faible resolution spatiale. De plus, les repercussions socio-economiques des modifications possibles des climats sont etroitement liees a des phenomenes imperceptibles par les MCG actuels. Afin de circonvenir certains problemes inherents a la resolution, une approche pratique vise a prendre un domaine spatial limite d'un MCG et a y imbriquer un autre modele numerique possedant, lui, un maillage de haute resolution spatiale. Ce processus d'imbrication implique alors une nouvelle simulation numerique. Cette "retro-simulation" est guidee dans le domaine restreint a partir de pieces d'informations fournies par le MCG et forcee par des mecanismes pris en charge uniquement par le modele imbrique. Ainsi, afin de raffiner la precision spatiale des previsions climatiques de grande echelle, nous developpons ici un modele numerique appele FIZR, permettant d'obtenir de l'information climatique regionale valide a la fine echelle spatiale

  19. Polymorphisme de l'apolipoprotéine E dans la population du nord du Maroc: fréquence et influence sur les paramètres lipidiques

    PubMed Central

    Benyahya, Fatiha; Barakat, Amina; Ghailani, Naima; Bennani, Mohcine

    2013-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de ce travail est de déterminer les fréquences alléliques et génotypiques des sites polymorphes situés dans le gène de l'apolipoprotéine E (apo E) ainsi que leur impact sur les paramètres cliniques et lipidiques dans un échantillon de la population du nord du Maroc cliniquement diagnostiqué ADH. Méthodes Le génotype de l'apo E a été analysé par séquençage direct chez 46 patients cliniquement diagnostiqués ADH selon les critères standards. Résultats Les fréquences des allèles epsilon 3, epsilon 2 et epsilon 4 ont été respectivement 78.3%, 2.2% et 19.6%. La fréquence de l'allèle epsilon 4 est très élevée chez la population du nord du Maroc en comparaison avec les populations des autres régions marocaines. Elle est similaire à celle rapportée dans les pays de l'Europe du nord. Les taux du cholestérol total, du cholestérol LDL ainsi que la présence des xanthomes et les maladies cardiovasculaires ne différent pas entre les génotypes de l'apoE. En revanche, les résultats ont montré une influence de l'allèle epsilon4 sur le taux des triglycérides chez les sujets obèses. Conclusion Le génotype de l'apoE ne peut expliquer le phénotype clinique et biochimique présenté par des patients du Nord du Maroc cliniquement diagnostiqués ADH. PMID:24396563

  20. Alcohol use and spousal mental distress in a population sample: the nord-trøndelag health study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background It is a widely held notion that alcohol abuse is related to mental distress in the spouse. Research has substantiated this notion by showing a tendency for spouses of alcohol abusers to experience more mental distress than spouses of non-abusers. However, the picture seems to be more complex, as some results do not show a significant effect or even less mental distress among spouses of alcohol abusers with the highest alcohol consumption. The present study investigates the association between spousal mental distress and both a high consumption of alcohol and having experienced alcohol related problems. Methods Norwegian population-based questionnaire data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 2) were analyzed. In total 11,584 couples were eligible for analysis. Alcohol consumption was measured by numerical indicators of alcohol amount and frequency of drinking, whereas alcohol-related problems (i.e. having been criticized for excessive drinking) were measured by the CAGE Alcohol Screening Questionnaire. Multivariate hierarchical regression analyses were performed. Results Results revealed that alcohol consumption was significantly associated with a decrease in spousal mental distress, whereas alcohol-related problems were associated with an increase in spousal mental distress when adjusted for each other. Interaction effects indicated that couples discordant for drinking problems experienced more mental distress than spouses concordant for drinking problems. Conclusions The results of our study indicate that alcohol-related problems constitute a clear risk factor for spousal mental distress. On the other hand, a high consumption of alcohol per se was related to lower levels of spousal mental distress, after adjusting for the alcohol-related problems perceived by the alcohol consumer him/herself. All effect sizes were small, but the trends were clear, challenging the notion that a high consumption of alcohol is exclusively and under all

  1. Semi-open environmental conditions during phases of hominin occupation at the Eemian Interglacial basin site Neumark-Nord 2 and its wider environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pop, Eduard; Bakels, Corrie

    2015-06-01

    Neandertal occupation of Eemian environments in Europe is well attested by several archaeological sites dating to this interglacial period. Does this mean that Neandertals were living in closed forest environments? Due to the potential variability of Eemian environments in space and time, it is necessary to study environmental records that can be correlated with phases of hominin presence, as reflected in the archaeological record. Such a perspective can be obtained from the small basin locality Neumark-Nord 2, as it contains an extensive and detailed environmental record, as well as a large archaeological record consisting of several distinct find levels. Analysis shows that hominin presence is predominantly associated with semi-open environmental conditions. A review of the data from the neighbouring Neumark-Nord 1 basin shows that semi-open environments were also characterizing the wider environment during phases of hominin presence at both basin localities. Large herbivores attracted to the water in these basins may have played an important role in the vegetation openness, probably in conjunction with (local) climatic conditions. The relationship between hominin presence and semi-open environments is explained as Neandertals exploiting the large herbivores aggregating around these freshwater localities, while the more varied vegetation would also have provided them with edible plant foods. Other Eemian sites from freshwater contexts provide evidence for semi-open conditions as well.

  2. Women's weight and disordered eating in a large Norwegian community sample: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)

    PubMed Central

    Eik-Nes, Trine; Romild, Ulla; Guzey, Ismail; Holmen, Turid; Micali, Nadia; Bjørnelv, Sigrid

    2015-01-01

    Objectives An increasing part of the population is affected by disordered eating (DE) even though they do not meet the full eating disorder (ED) criteria. To improve treatment in the range of weight-related disorders, there is a need to improve our knowledge about DE and relevant correlates of weight problems such as underweight, overweight and obesity. However, studies investigating DE and weight problems in a wide range of ages in the general population have been lacking. This paper explores DE, weight problems, dieting and weight dissatisfaction among women in a general population sample. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting The third survey of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3). Participants The population included 27 252 women, aged 19–99 years, with information on DE outcomes and covariates. Outcomes DE was assessed with an 8-item version of the Eating Attitude Test and the Eating Disorder Scale-5. Body mass index (BMI) was objectively measured. Data on dieting and weight dissatisfaction were collected from self-reported questionnaires and analysed across weight categories. Crude and adjusted logistic and multinomial logistic regression models were used. Results High rates of overweight (38%) and obesity (23%) were found. DE was associated with weight problems. In women aged <30 years, 11.8% (95% CI 10.3 to 13.1) reported DE, and 12% (95% CI 11.5 to 12.6) reported DE in women aged >30 years. In those of younger ages (19–29 years), lower weight predicted DE, while increasing weight predicted DE in older aged women (30–99 years). The majority of women were dissatisfied with their weight (58.8%), and 54.1% of the women reported dieting. Neither BMI status nor age was associated with dieting or weight dissatisfaction. Conclusions A high prevalence of DE was observed, and findings suggest that weight problems and DE are not distinct from one another. Dieting was associated with women's weight dissatisfaction, rather than with actual weight

  3. NORD's Patient Assistance Programs

    MedlinePlus

    ... rarediseases.org Fax: 1-203-349-3277 CARNITOR® Medication Assistance (L-Carnitine or levo carnitine) Conditions: Primary systemic carnitine deficiency, inborn errors of metabolism resulting in secondary carnitine deficiency, carnitine ...

  4. Long-term storage facility for reactor compartments in Sayda Bay - German support for utilization of nuclear submarines in Russia

    SciTech Connect

    Wolff, Dietmar; Voelzke, Holger; Weber, Wolfgang; Noack, Volker; Baeuerle, Guenther

    2007-07-01

    The German-Russian project that is part of the G8 initiative on Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction focuses on the speedy construction of a land-based interim storage facility for nuclear submarine reactor compartments at Sayda Bay near Murmansk. This project includes the required infrastructure facilities for long-term storage of about 150 reactor compartments for a period of about 70 years. The interim storage facility is a precondition for effective activities of decommissioning and dismantlement of almost all nuclear-powered submarines of the Russian Northern Fleet. The project also includes the establishment of a computer-assisted waste monitoring system. In addition, the project involves clearing Sayda Bay of other shipwrecks of the Russian navy. On the German side the project is carried out by the Energiewerke Nord GmbH (EWN) on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour (BMWi). On the Russian side the Kurchatov Institute holds the project management of the long-term interim storage facility in Sayda Bay, whilst the Nerpa Shipyard, which is about 25 km away from the storage facility, is dismantling the submarines and preparing the reactor compartments for long-term interim storage. The technical monitoring of the German part of this project, being implemented by BMWi, is the responsibility of the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM). This paper gives an overview of the German-Russian project and a brief description of solutions for nuclear submarine disposal in other countries. At Nerpa shipyard, being refurbished with logistic and technical support from Germany, the reactor compartments are sealed by welding, provided with biological shielding, subjected to surface treatment and conservation measures. Using floating docks, a tugboat tows the reactor compartments from Nerpa shipyard to the interim storage facility at Sayda Bay where they will be left on the on-shore concrete

  5. Source tracing of fluvial suspended sediments by magnetic and geochemical particle characterization: example of the Canche watershed (Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patault, Edouard; Alary, Claire; Franke, Christine; Gauthier, Arnaud; Abriak, Nor-Edine

    2016-04-01

    In France, erosion by water run-off is estimated to 1.5 t ha‑1yr‑1 and can exceed 10 t ha‑1yr‑1 in large growing areas, such as the North of France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais). In this region, the Canche watershed (1294 km2) sustains heavy loss of fertile soils. The land use is mainly dominated by arable lands (80%) and in 2013, 104 kt of suspended sediment transited to the estuary. As demonstrated in literature, agricultural soil erosion leads to the gradual disappearance and depletion of fertile soil, which constitute a non-renewable resource at human time scale. Additionally, water erosion can significantly damage the aquatic habitat and can be responsible for the input of nutrients, bacteria, pesticides, heavy metals and radionuclides into surface waters. Conscious of these effects, many programs have emerged in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais to reduce erosion. This study presents a combination of environmental magnetic proxy parameters and geochemical analyses on sediments and suspended particulate matter. The aim is to develop effective tools to trace erosion by water run-off and quantify this process. In order to identify the respective sediment sources in the Canche watershed, sediment trap samples of suspended particulate matter were recovered at key positions along the Canche watershed. The preliminary results show that magnetic concentration (Mrs) shows typical values for the agricultural soils in the region, but these variations in magnetic concentrations and total irons concentrations are not always correlated, which may be explained by the iron speciation. In calculating the so-called S-ratio for each sample we can distinguish changes in magneto-mineralogy (and thus iron speciation) from magnetite-dominated assemblages in the mainstream Canche (naturel background signal) to high-coercivity-dominated assemblages in the tributaries, typical for soil erosion material rich in hematite/goethite. In combination with the element concentrations from ICP analyses

  6. The relationship between health promoting resources and work participation in a sample reporting musculoskeletal pain from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, HUNT 3, Norway

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is one of the most frequent causes of sick leave from work, and is a common and potentially disabling condition. This study is based on the salutogenic perspective and investigates the relationship between personal, social, and functional health resources and work participation in a population reporting MSP. Method Analysis was performed on cross sectional data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, HUNT 3, in Norway. The sample of n= 6702 was extracted from HUNT 3, including a total of N= 50807 participants. Self-reported health (SRH) and, personal, social, and functional resources were assessed by a questionnaire. Reported sick leave was collected by interview at the point of time when the data were collected, from October 2006 until June 2008. Results Logistic regression analysis demonstrated statistically significant differences between the work group and sick leave group in self-rated health, work support, work control, work load, and feeling strong, and the model predicted 68% of the cases correctly. Females had a lower statistically significant probability (B= −.53) to be in the work group then men when suffering from MSP, with odds of 41%. Conclusion There was a statistically significant relationship between health promoting resources such as SRH, feeling strong, absence of neuroticism, work load, work control, and work participation in MSP population. PMID:23509959

  7. Chronic pain and use of opioids: a population-based pharmacoepidemiological study from the Norwegian prescription database and the Nord-Trøndelag health study.

    PubMed

    Fredheim, Olav Magnus S; Mahic, Milada; Skurtveit, Svetlana; Dale, Ola; Romundstad, Pål; Borchgrevink, Petter C

    2014-07-01

    In previous studies on prescription patterns of opioids, accurate data on pain are missing, and previous epidemiological studies of pain lack accurate data on opioid use. The present linkage study, which investigates the relationship between pain and opioid use, is based on accurate individual data from the complete national Norwegian prescription database and the Nord-Trøndelag health study 3, which includes about 46,000 people. Baseline data were collected in 2006 to 2008, and the cohort was followed up for 3 years. Of 14,477 people who reported chronic nonmalignant pain, 85% did not use opioids at all, 3% used opioids persistently, and 12% used opioids occasionally. Even in the group reporting severe or very severe chronic pain, the number not using opioids (2680) was far higher than the number who used opioids persistently (304). However, three quarters of people using opioids persistently reported strong or very strong pain in spite of the medication. Risk factors for the people with chronic pain who were not persistent opioid users at baseline to use opioids persistently 3 years later were occasional use of opioids, prescription of >100 defined daily doses per year of benzodiazepines, physical inactivity, reports of strong pain intensity, and prescription of drugs from 8 or more Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical groups. The study showed that most people having chronic nonmalignant pain are not using opioids, even if the pain is strong or very strong. However, the vast majority of patients with persistent opioid use report strong or very strong pain in spite of opioid treatment. PMID:24637039

  8. Éthique de la recherche en santé mondiale : la relation Nord-Sud, quel partenariat pour quelle justice sociale ?

    PubMed

    Godard, Béatrice; Hunt, Matthew; Moube, Zéphirin

    2014-03-01

    La recherche en santé mondiale s'inscrit dans une volonté de mobiliser des connaissances au service d'interventions et de politiques publiques pour l'atteinte équitable du bien-être commun, notamment en matière de santé. Elle joue un rôle primordial en ce sens, en favorisant l'implication des communautés et leur autonomisation et de nombreuses lignes directrices supportent un tel partenariat. Néanmoins, certains enjeux éthiques sont liés au financement de la recherche, aux environnements de recherche, à la priorisation des problématiques de recherche, aux mécanismes d'évaluation éthique posent souvent un problème de justice sociale au niveau de la redistribution des ressources et de la reconnaissance des différences culturelles. Comment alors déterminer quelle est la façon « idéale » d'agir en tenant compte de la globalité des individus et du pluralisme culturel des sociétés pour « bien faire », pour satisfaire l'exigence de l'équité? Une réflexion et une démarche éthique demeurent essentielles, ainsi qu'un dialogue entre les chercheurs du Nord et du Sud, et leurs autres partenaires que sont les décideurs, les responsables locaux et les communautés. Un tel dialogue, établi dans un continuum du développement de projets de recherche à leur pérennité, peut grandement contribuer à limiter les problèmes de justice sociale et à viser un développement plus égalitaire des savoirs scientifiques. Plusieurs chercheurs se sont déjà engagés dans cette voie, et leurs initiatives devraient être encouragées pour mettre les nouveaux savoirs au service des populations. PMID:24594489

  9. Geochemical survey and metal bioaccumulation of three bivalve species (Crassostrea gigas, Cerastoderma edule and Ruditapes philippinarum) in the Nord Medoc salt marshes (Gironde estuary, France).

    PubMed

    Baudrimont, M; Schäfer, J; Marie, V; Maury-Brachet, R; Bossy, C; Boudou, A; Blanc, G

    2005-01-20

    A 15-month experiment combining a geochemical survey of Cd, Cu, Zn and Hg with a bioaccumulation study for three filter-feeding bivalve species (oysters, Crassostrea gigas; cockles, Cerastoderma edule; and clams, Ruditapes philippinarum) was conducted in a breeding basin of the Nord Medoc salt marshes connected to the Gironde estuary, which is affected by historic polymetallic pollution. Regular manual surface measurements of temperature, salinity, pH and dissolved O(2) concentration and hourly multiprobe in situ measurements throughout several periods for 6-8 weeks were performed. The geochemical behavior of metals in water, suspended particulate matter and sediment and their ecotoxicological impact on the three bivalve species were evaluated by in situ exposure of juvenile oysters (water column) and adult cockles and clams (sediment surface). The physico-chemical parameters reflected seasonal variations and basin management. A distinct daily periodicity (except salinity) indicated intense photosynthesis and respiration. In summer, low dissolved O(2) saturations ( approximately 40-50%) occurred in the early morning at 30 cm above the sediment, whereas in depressions, the water column near the sediment surface was suboxic. Cadmium, Zn and Cu concentrations in suspended particulate matter exceeded typical estuarine values and were much higher than the homogeneously distributed concentrations in different depth ranges of the basin sediment. Particles collected in sediment traps showed intermediate metal concentrations close to sediment values. These results suggest trace metal recycling due to reductive dissolution under suboxic conditions at the sediment surface resulting in trace metal release to the water column and adsorption onto suspended particles. Dissolved Cd, Zn and Hg concentrations (e.g. 13-136 ng l(-1); 0.3-25.1 microg l(-1) and 0.5-2.0 ng l(-1), respectively) in the basin corresponded to the concentration range typically observed in the Gironde estuary

  10. Épidémiologie descriptive de la brûlure dans un territoire de santé exemple du « territoire nord franche-comté » durant l’année 2014

    PubMed Central

    Fortin, J.L.; Bitar, M.P.; Marx, T.; Macher, J.M.; Desmettre, T.; Ravat, F.; Labourey, J.M.; Capellier, G.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Cette étude est une analyse épidémiologique rétrospective du recours aux services de santé du nord de la Franche-Comté en raison d’une brûlure durant l’année 2014 (114 patients). L’âge moyen était de 26 ans (8 mois-81 ans), 1/3 des brûlures ont touché des enfants de moins de 15 ans. Les brûlures, plus fréquentes l’été, surviennent principalement autour de l’heure des repas, les jours « sans école », à domicile, avec un liquide chaud. Elles sont peu étendues (4,81% de la SCT) et souvent superficielles. Elles nécessitent un passage dans un Service d’Accueil des Urgences dans 88,59% des cas, suivi d’un transfert en CTB (Lyon plus que Nancy ou Metz) dans 12,28% des cas. PMID:27252605

  11. Review of environmental exposure concentrations of chemical warfare agent residues and associated the fish community risk following the construction and completion of the Nord Stream gas pipeline between Russia and Germany.

    PubMed

    Sanderson, Hans; Fauser, Patrik; Rahbek, Malene; Larsen, Jørn Bo

    2014-08-30

    This paper compiles all the measured chemical warfare agent (CWA) concentrations found in relation to the Nord Stream pipeline work in Danish waters for the past 5 years. Sediment and biota sampling were performed along the pipeline route in four campaigns, prior to (in 2008 and 2010), during (in 2011) and after (in 2012) the construction work. No parent CWAs were detected in the sediments. Patchy residues of CWA degradation products of Adamsite, Clark I, phenyldichloroarsine, trichloroarsine and Lewisite II, were detected in a total of 29 of the 391 sediment samples collected and analyzed the past 5 years. The cumulative fish community risk quotient for the different locations, calculated as a sum of background and added risk, ranged between 0 and 0.017 suggesting a negligible acute CWA risk toward the fish community. The added risk from sediment disturbance in relation to construction of the pipelines represents less than 2% of the total risk in the areas with the highest calculated risk. The analyses of benthic infauna corroborate the finding of CWA related low risk across the years. There was no significant difference in CWA risk before (2008) and after the pipeline construction (2012). PMID:25113514

  12. Non-Smoking Tobacco Affects Endothelial Function in Healthy Men in One of the Largest Health Studies Ever Performed; The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study in Norway; HUNT3

    PubMed Central

    Aspenes, Stian Thoresen; Ellingsen, Øyvind

    2016-01-01

    Background Oral tobacco (snuff) is taking a large market share in Scandinavia, especially with young users. However, long-term health effects are unknown. Small studies show association between snuff and reduced endothelial function, representing an early stage of vascular injury that often precedes manifest cardiovascular disease by several years. We therefore determined the associations between snuff and endothelial function in a large sample of healthy Norwegian men. Methods and Design In the Fitness substudy of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3), endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Aerobic fitness was measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). A cross-sectional design including 1 592 self-reported healthy men compared these observations with records of present tobacco use, standard cardiovascular risk factors, and socioeconomic status, using general linear models. Results FMD was lower in snuff users (FMD: 4.12%, 3.63, 4.61) compared to non-users (FMD: 4.52%, 4.27, 4.78) after adjustment for age (difference: -0.57%, -1.12, -0.01). After further adjustment for potential confounders, FMD still tended to be lower in snuff users than in non-users (difference: -0.53%, -1.09, 0.02). This difference was even more pronounced in the inactive snuff users (-0.83%, -1.59, -0.06) and in the low fit snuff users (-0.74%, CI -0.55, 0.079). Conclusions Oral tobacco is associated with a tendency towards reduced endothelial function, indicating vascular changes that precede cardiovascular disease. The strongest associations were found in men with low physical activity or reduced aerobic fitness. PMID:27490361

  13. Implementation and Operational Research: Programmatic Feasibility of Dried Blood Spots for the Virological Follow-up of Patients on Antiretroviral Treatment in Nord Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    PubMed Central

    Serrano, Laetitia; Muwonga, Jeremie; Kabuayi, Jean Pierre; Kambale, Alain; Mutaka, Fidèle; Fujiwara, Paula I.; Decosas, Josef; Peeters, Martine; Delaporte, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Background: As part of its policy to shift monitoring of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to primary health care (PHC) workers, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) tested the feasibility of using dried blood spots (DBS) for viral load (VL) quantification and genotypic drug resistance testing in off-site high-throughput laboratories. Methods: DBS samples from adults on ART were collected in 13 decentralized PHC facilities in the Nord-Kivu province and shipped during program quarterly supervision to a reference laboratory 2000 km away, where VL was quantified with a commercial assay (m2000rt, Abbott). A second DBS was sent to a World Health Organization (WHO)-accredited laboratory for repeat VL quantification on a subset of samples with a generic assay (Biocentric) and genotypic drug resistance testing when VL >1000 copies per milliliter. Findings: Constraints arose because of an interruption in national laboratory funding rather than to technical or logistic problems. All samples were assessed by both VL assays to allow ART adjustment. Median DBS turnaround time was 37 days (interquartile range: 9–59). Assays performed unequally with DBS, impacting clinical decisions, quality assurance, and overall cost-effectiveness. Based on m2000rt or generic assay, 31.3% of patients were on virological failure (VF) and 14.8% presented resistance mutations versus 50.3% and 15.4%, respectively. Conclusion: This study confirms that current technologies involving DBS make virological monitoring of ART possible at PHC level, including in challenging environments, provided organizational issues are addressed. Adequate core funding of HIV laboratories and adapted choice of VL assays require urgent attention to control resistance to ART as coverage expands. PMID:26413848

  14. Etude des connaissances, attitudes et pratiques en matière de réintégration sociale des femmes victimes de fistule obstétricale: région de l'Extrême-nord, Cameroun

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Sanou Sobze; Adogaye, Sali Ben Béchir; Rodrigue, Mabvouna Biguioh; Maurice, Douryang; Vivaldi, Teikeu Tessa Vladimir; Amede, Saah Fopa Michael; Marie, Ovaga Eyenga Landry; Meriam, Ausseil Sandra; Colizzi, Vittorio; Gianluca, Russo

    2015-01-01

    Introduction La fistule obstétricale est un orifice entre le vagin et la vessie ou le rectum, voire les deux. Ses impacts sont des conséquences anatomo-fonctionnelles et sociales. On estime à plus de 19 000 le nombre de femmes qui souffrent de fistule obstétricale au Cameroun. Méthodes Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale descriptive conduite dans trois districts de santé de la région de l'Extrême-nord. Vingt-huit femmes victimes de fistules obstétricales, quarante-deux membres de leur entourage et vingt-quatre agents de santé ont été interviewés entre Novembre et Décembre 2013. Trois types de questionnaires ont été utilisés. Les données ont été analysées dans Epi Info version 7.1.4.0. Les moyennes et les fréquences ont été calculées avec un intervalle de confiance à 95%. Résultats 46,4% des femmes victimes de fistule obstétricales interviewées avaient subi une intervention chirurgicale réparatrice parmi lesquelles, 61,5% bénéficiaient de la réintégration. Le fonds de commerce (62,5%) était l'aide la plus reçue. Vingt-deux membres de l'entourage savaient pourquoi on fait la réintégration. Selon eux, les considérations socioculturelles (68,2%), sont la principale barrière de la réintégration. D'après les agents de santé, le suivi psychosocial (58,3%) est la principale activité de la réintégration dans les centres de prise en charge de la fistule. Conclusion La prise en charge des fistules obstétricales au Cameroun souffre de manque de réintégration sociale. Ceci expliquerait en partie la persistance de cette pathologie. Un accent devrait être mis sur l'appui matériel, financier et sur le suivi psychosocial des femmes victimes de fistule obstétricale. PMID:26113915

  15. Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms as Predictors of All-Cause Mortality among People with Insulin-Naïve Type 2 Diabetes: 17-Year Follow-Up of the Second Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey (HUNT2), Norway

    PubMed Central

    Nefs, Giesje; Tell, Grethe S.; Espehaug, Birgitte; Midthjell, Kristian; Graue, Marit; Pouwer, Frans

    2016-01-01

    Aim To examine whether elevated anxiety and/or depressive symptoms are related to all-cause mortality in people with Type 2 diabetes, not using insulin. Methods 948 participants in the community-wide Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey conducted during 1995–97 completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale with subscales of anxiety (HADS-A) and depression (HADS-D). Elevated symptoms were defined as HADS-A or HADS-D ≥8. Participants with type 2 diabetes, not using insulin, were followed until November 21, 2012 or death. Cox regression analyses were used to estimate associations between baseline elevated anxiety symptoms, elevated depressive symptoms and mortality, adjusting for sociodemographic factors, HbA1c, cardiovascular disease and microvascular complications. Results At baseline, 8% (n = 77/948) reported elevated anxiety symptoms, 9% (n = 87/948) elevated depressive symptoms and 10% (n = 93/948) reported both. After a mean follow-up of 12 years (SD 5.1, range 0–17), 541 participants (57%) had died. Participants with elevated anxiety symptoms only had a decreased mortality risk (unadjusted HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.46–0.96). Adjustment for HbA1c attenuated this relation (HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.50–1.07). Those with elevated depression symptoms alone had an increased mortality risk (fully adjusted model HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.05–1.84). Having both elevated anxiety and depressive symptoms was not associated with increased mortality risk (adjusted HR 1.30, 95% CI 0.96–1.74). Conclusions Elevated depressive symptoms were associated with excess mortality risk in people with Type 2 diabetes not using insulin. No significant association with mortality was found among people with elevated anxiety symptoms. Having both elevated anxiety and depressive symptoms was not associated with mortality. The hypothesis that elevated levels of anxiety symptoms leads to behavior that counteracts the adverse health effects of Type 2 diabetes needs further investigation. PMID:27537359

  16. Education et Developpement au Moyen-Nord.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charbonneau, Yvon

    Humans, not things, are of primary importance when talking of development. All over the world, two separate, contradictory types of development may be seen: the first, centered on man, the second, on wealth. One of the ways in which man can gain control over his own future is through the school. It is essential to find out which type of…

  17. Pollen-inferred quantitative reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe for the evaluation of past climate-vegetation feedbacks - The Swedish LANDCLIM project and the NordForsk LANDCLIM network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaillard, Marie-Jose; Sugita, Shinya; Rundgren, Mats; Smith, Benjamin; Mazier, Florence; Trondman, Anna-Kari; Fyfe, Ralph; Kokfelt, Ulla; Nielsen, Anne-Birgitte; Strandberg, Gustav

    2010-05-01

    Reliable predictive models are needed to describe potential future climate changes and their impacts. Land surface-atmosphere feedbacks and their impacts on climate are a current priority in the climate modelling community, but reliable records of long-term land use and vegetation change required for model evaluation are limited. Palaeoecological and palaeo-climatic data provide a unique record of the past changes in vegetation, land use and climate on time scales relevant to vegetation processes and global change projections. The application of a new technique (the REVEALS model (Sugita 2007) to landscape reconstruction using fossil pollen data makes robust comparisons with vegetation model output possible . The model corrects for biases caused by e.g. inter-taxonomic differences in pollen productivity and dispersal. Our results show that pollen percentages, a traditional indicator of land cover changes, generally underestimate the unforested areas and certain broad-leaved trees such as Corylus and Tilia, while they often overestimate Betula and Pinus (see Cui et al. BG 6.2). Climate models use simplified land-surface classifications (plant functional types (PFTs)), such as grass (i.e. open land), deciduous trees, and conifers. Therefore, the observed large discrepancies in past land cover between the REVEALS estimates and pollen percentages are expected to influence model outcomes of the Holocene regional climate in NW Europe. The LANDCLIM project and research network (sponsored by the Swedish [VR] and Nordic [NordForsk] Research Councils) aim to quantify human-induced changes in regional vegetation/land-cover in NW Europe during the Holocene, and to evaluate the effects of these changes on the regional climate through altered feedbacks. We use the REVEALS model, theoretically derived and empirically tested, to estimate the percentage cover of taxa and groups of taxa (PFTs) from fossil pollen data for selected time windows of the Holocene, at a spatial resolution

  18. Evaluation of the Dornier Gmbh interactive grid generation system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Robert L.

    1989-01-01

    An interactive grid generation program, INGRID, is investigated and evaluated. A description of the task and work performed, a description and evaluation of INGRID, and a discussion of the possibilities for bringing INGRID into the NASA and Numerical Aerodynamic Simulator (NAS) computing environments is included. The interactive grid generation program was found to be a viable approach for grid generation and determined that it could be converted to work in the NAS environment but that INGRID does not solve the fundamentally hard problems associated with grid generation, specifically, domain decomposition.

  19. Impacts potentiels d'un changement climatique sur le pergelisol dans le nord canadien

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Obretin, Calin

    This thesis explores the potential impacts of a climate change due to the greenhouse gases on the state and the evolution of the permafrost in the Canadian North. The permafrost represents the half of the Canadian national territory and a change of its current state will echo in all spheres of activity, on the biosphere and on the environment generally. In spite of the evident importance of the subject, there is no precise idea as to how the permafrost will react to the climate change and to what extent the frozen layer will be disrupted. This thesis investigates this problem by using a methodological approach inspired by the Canadian model on the evolution of permafrost (TTOP) coupled with a theoretical approach based on the theory of the complex neuronal systems. The general objective of this thesis is to improve the Canadian model of evolution of permafrost (TTOP-Temperature one the Top Of Permafrost) created by Smith and Riseborough in 1996, its structure of computation, spatial resolution and to determine the state of the permafrost in the study area between 2010 and 2100. The study zone is situated in the Mackenzie Basin (N-W.T) on a north-south transect of 1440 by 720 km. The first objective of the research is to derive maps of the annual values of temperature on the top of the permafrost from 2010 to 2100 by using an improved dynamic model of the evolution of permafrost (TTOP-A). Thereafter, these values are compared with those obtained by Smith and Riseborough (1996). The values of the evolution of air temperature for this period are supplied by the climatic scenarios CGCM32 SRES A1B, CGCM3 SRES A2 and CGCM3 SRES B1. Secondly, this thesis has as an objective the production of the maps of the thickness of permafrost for 2100 with a spatial resolution of 25 km. More exactly, we determine the evolution of the values of thickness of permafrost for the three climatic scenarios mentioned above. Furthermore, the study proposes: i) a new method for downscaling of climate data by using a Determined Stochastic Model, ii) the integration of soil type, iii) the integration of the soil humidity, iv) the integration of the values of thickness of the snow layer and v) the integration of remote sensing data (SSM/I). As a rule, the results obtained by the TTOP-A model reveal that the mean values of temperature at the surface of the permafrost follow closely the values of air temperature and that they are similar to those found by Smith and Riseborough (1996) and Heginbottom and coll. (1995). Also, the differences of the values of temperature on the surface of permafrost between 2010 and 2100 are similar to the values published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Concerning the second objective of this thesis, the spatio-temporal dynamics of the permafrost until 2100 demonstrates that, in the study zone, the surface perturbed by global warming will be 37 %, 60 % and 29 % according to the scenarios CGCM3 SRES A1B, CGCM3 SRES A2 and CGCM3 SRES B1 respectively. The permafrost layer inside this zone will disappear by 20 %, 32 % and 18 % according to the scenarios mentioned before. These results lead us to believe that the estimations made by Smith and Riseborough were overvalued in the context of two of three current climates scenarios compared to that of the 1996. Finally, this study demonstrates that the method of downscaling of climate data using the neuronal network within a Determined Stochastic Model gives good results and it represents a reliable option which lends itself to large-scale generalizations. Keywords: permafrost, downscaling, snow, soil humidity, climate scenarios, neuronal network, Determined Stochastic Model, climate change, CGCM3, TTOP. 2The third generation Coupled Global Climate Model [CCCma, 2010].

  20. Principales lignes structurales du Maroc nord-oriental : apport de la gravimétrie

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chennouf, Touria; Khattach, Driss; Milhi, Abdellah; Andrieux, Pierre; Keating, Pierre

    2007-05-01

    The present work is based on various filtered maps (horizontal derivative, upward continuation) and Euler deconvolution of the gravity data from northeastern Morocco. These results allow the delineation of many geological structures, such as faults, basins, or diapirs. Some of these structures are hidden totally or partially by the Mesozoic and Cenozoic cover. The results were used to make a structural map of the study area; this map confirms the existence of several faults, localised or inferred, from former geological studies. It complements information on some of them and outlines a great number of deep or near-surface faults that had remained unknown until the present time. The major features show two principal directions: N080°-085° and N055°-065°, with a predominance of the latter, and their depth can reach 4500 m. The N080°-085° directions correspond to the Kebdana, Sidi Bouhouria, Naima, and Guefait faults, and the N055°-065° directions correspond to a fault parallel to the Mediterranean coast and the Moulouya, Madagh, Angad, and Zekkara faults.

  1. 78 FR 72568 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    ... NPRM was published in the Federal Register on September 17, 2013 (78 FR 57104). That NPRM proposed to.... We received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 57104, September 17, 2013) or on the determination of the... consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (78 FR 57104, September 17, 2013)) for...

  2. 78 FR 52412 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-23

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On April 22, 2013, at 78 FR 23696, the Federal Register published our... did not receive any comments on the NPRM (78 FR 23696, April 22, 2013). FAA's Determination These... Executive Order 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  3. 78 FR 22170 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ... Register on October 29, 2012 (77 FR 65503). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 65503, October 29, 2012) or on... determined that these minor changes: Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77...

  4. 77 FR 35890 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034.... The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as excessive voids in the adhesive joint between the center... detected in the adhesive joint between the centre wing spars and the upper centre wing skins, between...

  5. 77 FR 54800 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... NPRM was published in the Federal Register on June 15, 2012 (77 FR 35890). That NPRM proposed to... this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 35890, June 15, 2012) or on the determination of... determined that these minor changes: Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77...

  6. 77 FR 57531 - Airworthiness Directives; Stemme GmbH & Co. KG Powered Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-18

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska... describes the unsafe condition as unapproved rubber hoses installed in the engine fuel, oil, and cooling... rubber hoses installed in the engine fuel, oil, and cooling systems. We are issuing this proposed AD...

  7. 78 FR 37446 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On January 10, 2013, at 78 FR 2223, the Federal Register published our... comments on the NPRM (78 FR 2223, January 10, 2013). FAA's Determination These helicopters have been... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in...

  8. 78 FR 2223 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-10

    ... FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it... cantilever assemblies, cyclic stick locking devices, or cyclic stick holder assemblies installed. This proposed AD would require modifying and identifying the cyclic stick cantilever or lock. This proposed...

  9. 78 FR 16604 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-18

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and ] Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect... Temporary Revision TR-M M 42-701, Doc. 7.01.15-E, dated November 20, 2012; DA 42 NG AFM Temporary Revision TR-M M 42-701, Doc. 7.01.16-E, dated November 20, 2012; and DA 42 NG AFM Temporary Revision TR-O...

  10. 77 FR 51462 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code... Order 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... carburetors connected to those fuel pumps for contamination within 5 flight hours after the effective date...

  11. 76 FR 76068 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Examining the Docket You may... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not... would require inspecting certain main rotor blades for debonding of the erosion protective shell. If...

  12. 78 FR 48599 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ....gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On December 6, 2011, at 76 FR 76068, the Federal Register... main rotor blade. On December 19, 2012, at 77 FR 75073, the Federal Register published our supplemental... AD, but we did not receive any comments on the NPRM (76 FR 76068, December 6, 2011) or the SNPRM...

  13. 77 FR 75073 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ... published in the Federal Register as a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) on December 6, 2011 (76 FR 76068... the helicopter. Actions Since Previous NPRM Was Issued Since we issued the previous NPRM (76 FR 76068... the original NPRM (76 FR 76068, December 6, 2011). As a result, we have determined that it...

  14. 77 FR 16968 - Airworthiness Directives; Burkhart GROB Luft- und Raumfahrt GmbH Powered Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-23

    ... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as excessive corrosion on the nose plate in the vertical stabilizer, which could cause the vertical stabilizer nose plate to fail. We are issuing...

  15. 77 FR 32887 - Airworthiness Directives; Burkhart GROB Luft- und Raumfahrt GmbH Powered Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... in the Federal Register on March 23, 2012 (77 FR 16968). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe... comments on the NPRM (77 FR 16968, March 23, 2012) or on the determination of the cost to the public...: Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77 FR 16968, March 23, 2012)...

  16. 77 FR 66534 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ...-13 (77 FR 51462, August 24, 2012) remains September 10, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may examine the AD... 2012-16-13, amendment 39-17160 (77 FR 51462, August 24, 2012), currently requires replacing the... S2; 912 S3; and 912 S4 reciprocating engines. The word ``not'' was improperly omitted from...

  17. 78 FR 22166 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the... deposits on the No. 2 and No. 3 spark plug center and grounding electrodes, and if found, replacement...

  18. 78 FR 44039 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034.... This proposed AD would require inspecting the lock release assembly and the middle and upper lever... for damage and correct installation and inspecting the middle lever and upper lever locking bolts...

  19. 78 FR 30793 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Model Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect... require modifying the rod and re-identifying the rod and lever with a new part number. Differences Between... L671M5040205; lever, P/N L671M5040101; and floor, P/N L533M1014101, L533M1014102, L533M1014103,...

  20. 78 FR 65169 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... matthew.fuller@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On May 23, 2013, at 78 FR 30793, the... comments on the NPRM (78 FR 30793, May 23, 2013). FAA's Determination These helicopters have been approved... Executive Order 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  1. 77 FR 20526 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ... reference of certain other publications listed in this AD as of November 20, 2009 (74 FR 53151, October 16... December 12, 2011 (76 FR 77159), and proposed to supersede AD 2009-21-06, Amendment 39- 16043 (74 FR 53151... condition, EASA issued AD 2009-0082 [which corresponds to FAA AD 2009-21-06, Amendment 39-16043 (74 FR...

  2. 78 FR 59223 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... published in the Federal Register on July 8, 2013 (78 FR 40642). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe... FR 40642, July 8, 2013). You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket on the Internet at http://www... participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 40642, July 8, 2013) or on...

  3. 77 FR 52265 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it... control lever (lever). This proposed AD is prompted by a European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD and a... intended to detect corrosion and thread damage in the threaded area of the weight and lever, and to...

  4. 78 FR 40642 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska... landing gear attachment lever causes the rod end to bend at each gear retraction sequence. We are issuing... insufficient clearance between the rod end safety washer and the NLG attachment lever, causing the rod end...

  5. 78 FR 52410 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-23

    ....y.miles@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On August 29, 2012, at 77 FR 52265, the... we did not receive any comments on the NPRM (77 FR 52265, August 29, 2012). FAA's Determination These.... These minor changes are consistent with the intent of the proposals in the NPRM (77 FR 52265, August...

  6. 78 FR 40047 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska... intended to prevent the affected control lever from shifting, contacting the helicopter structure, and... condition. EASA states that this condition, if not corrected, could result in the affected control...

  7. 76 FR 76293 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co. KG Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ..., 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... certain part number (P/N) 888164 crankshafts has been detected, which may have resulted in a latent...

  8. 77 FR 72913 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-07

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On May 11, 2012, at 77 FR 27661, the Federal Register published our notice... in developing this AD, but we received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 27661, May 11, 2012). FAA's... Executive Order 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  9. 76 FR 14346 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Model DA 42 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... Number (P/N) D60-3217-23-5x (4 different lengths are available), which is made of aluminum, is... conditions, the affected MLG joint, Part Number (P/N) D60-3217-23-5x (4 different lengths are available... runway conditions, the affected MLG joint, Part Number (P/N) D60-3217-23-5x (4 different lengths...

  10. 78 FR 53630 - Airworthiness Directives; Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co. Segelflugzeugbau Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ... Register on May 23, 2013 (78 FR 30791), and proposed to supersede AD 64-07-05, Amendment 701 (29 FR 3227... opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 30791, May 23... proposed in the NPRM (78 FR 30791, May 23, 2013) for correcting the unsafe condition; and Do not add...

  11. 78 FR 4090 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect... minimum dimensions required in the design documents to ensure safe functioning of the bevel gear...

  12. 78 FR 42409 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-16

    ... January 18, 2013, at 78 FR 4090, the Federal Register published our notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM... comments on the NPRM (78 FR 4090, January 18, 2013). FAA's Determination These helicopters have been... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in...

  13. 78 FR 66666 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will... Card Part Number (P/N) 010-12074-02 ``Additional ALTN FAIL trigger'' with system software P/N 010-00670... Configuration Card P/N 010-12074-02 ``Additional ALTN FAIL trigger'' and System Software P/N 010-00670-10...

  14. 76 FR 253 - Airworthiness Directives; ROLLADEN-SCHNEIDER Flugzeugbau GmbH Model LS6 Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-04

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion In 1986, we issued AD 86-25-07, Amendment 39-5487 (51 FR 44901, December... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not.... 39.13 by rescinding AD 86-25-07, Amendment 39- 5487 (51 FR 44901, December 15, 1986): 86-25-07...

  15. 78 FR 1728 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... in the Federal Register on August 31, 2012 (77 FR 53154). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have... this AD. If chips are found to be blocking the vent hole, additional corrective action is...

  16. 78 FR 40053 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect.... This proposed AD would require analyzing the main gearbox (MGB) oil for indications of metal chips or... chip indications. This proposed AD is prompted by a partial tooth rupture found in an MGB that...

  17. 75 FR 68179 - Airworthiness Directives; Austro Engine GmbH Model E4 Diesel Piston Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-05

    ... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code... Order 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  18. 76 FR 54373 - Airworthiness Directives; Austro Engine GmbH Model E4 Diesel Piston Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... certain publication listed in this AD as of November 22, 2010 (75 FR 68179, November 5, 2010). ADDRESSES...-16498 (75 FR 68179, November 5, 2010). That AD applies to the specified products. The NPRM published in the Federal Register on June 9, 2011 (76 FR 33660). That NPRM proposed to continue to require...

  19. 78 FR 67020 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... INFORMATION: Discussion On June 20, 2013, at 78 FR 37150, the Federal Register published our notice of... comments on the NPRM (78 FR 37150, June 20, 2013). FAA's Determination These helicopters have been approved... Executive Order 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  20. 78 FR 37150 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will... alert pilots to avoid certain engine speeds during steady-state operations, prevent failure of the third... and installing a placard as described in ECD Alert Service Bulletin No. BO105-60-110, Revision...

  1. 78 FR 77567 - Airworthiness Directives; Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... specified products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on July 29, 2013 (78 FR 45471). That... opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 45471, July 29... proposed in the NPRM (78 FR 45471, July 29, 2013) for correcting the unsafe condition; and Do not add...

  2. 77 FR 3583 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ... October 5, 2011 (76 FR 61638). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified... NPRM (76 FR 61638, October 5, 2011) or on the determination of the cost to the public. Conclusion We... consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (76 FR 61638, October 5, 2011) for correcting...

  3. 77 FR 3090 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-POWERTRAIN GMBH & CO KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-23

    ... with a S/N listed in Table 1 of this AD. Table 1--S/Ns of Affected Fuel Pressure Regulators, P/N 887130... this AD will affect about 75 products of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 2 work... 3090-3091] [FR Doc No: 2012-1133] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14...

  4. 78 FR 48795 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co KG Rotax Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... INFORMATION: Discussion On April 4, 2013, we issued AD 2013-07-12, amendment 39-17416 (78 FR 22166, April 15.... Actions Since AD Was Issued Since we issued AD 2013-07-12 (78 FR 22166, April 15, 2013), we received a... not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February...

  5. 77 FR 1624 - Airworthiness Directives; Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ... Register on October 21, 2011 (76 FR 65421). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (76 FR 65421... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate...

  6. 78 FR 47228 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will... of engine power loss due to engine coolant contaminating the engine clutch. The design of the...

  7. 77 FR 27659 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034..., Rotorcraft Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. [FR Doc. 2012-11468 Filed 5- 10-12; 8:45 am] BILLING... deterioration of the main gearbox (MGB) caused by a contaminated oil supply. The proposed actions are...

  8. 78 FR 70216 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ... NPRM was published in the Federal Register on August 5, 2013 (78 FR 47228). The NPRM proposed to... the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 47228... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate...

  9. 78 FR 23696 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-22

    ... FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it... rotor controls, of movement of the longitudinal main rotor actuator piston after shut-down of the... advises that during rigging of the main rotor controls, it was ] discovered that the piston of...

  10. 77 FR 27661 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will... by two reports of the plain journal bearings moving in relation to the main rotor swashplate sliding... plain journal bearing, which could limit the movement of the collective control and result in...

  11. 78 FR 78710 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... FR 22209, the Federal Register published our notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), which proposed to... opportunity to participate in developing this AD, but we received no comments on the NPRM (78 FR 22209, April... Order 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  12. 78 FR 14160 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-05

    ... NPRM was published in the Federal Register on November 5, 2012 (77 FR 66409). That NPRM proposed to... participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 66409, November 5, 2012) or on... the NPRM (77 FR 66409, November 5, 2012) for correcting the unsafe condition; and Do not add...

  13. 78 FR 30791 - Airworthiness Directives; Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co. Segelflugzeugbau Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ..., Amendment 701 (29 FR 3227, March 11, 1964). That AD required actions intended to address an unsafe condition on some of the products listed above. Since we issued AD 64-07-05, Amendment 701 (29 FR 3227, March... from AD 64-07-05, Amendment 701 (29 FR 3227, March 11, 1964) for Models Ka2B, Ka 6, Ka 6 B, Ka 6 BR,...

  14. 77 FR 21400 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ... products. That SNPRM was published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2012 (77 FR 2236). That SNPRM... developing this AD. We received no comments on the SNPRM (77 FR 2236, January 17, 2012) or on the... (77 FR 2236, January 17, 2012) for correcting the unsafe condition; and Do not add any...

  15. 78 FR 54383 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-04

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On March 14, 2013, at 78 FR 16196, the Federal Register published our... any comments on the NPRM (78 FR 16196 March 14, 2013). FAA's Determination These helicopters have been... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); (3) Will...

  16. 78 FR 25361 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-01

    ... On July 26, 2012, at 77 FR 43736, the Federal Register published our notice of proposed rulemaking... on the NPRM (77 FR 43736, July 26, 2012). FAA's Determination This helicopter has been approved by... the NPRM (77 FR 43736, July 26, 2012) and will not increase the economic burden on any operator...

  17. 77 FR 2236 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... the Federal Register on December 7, 2011 (76 FR 76330). That earlier NPRM proposed to require actions intended to address the unsafe condition for the products listed above. Since that NPRM (76 FR 76330... expand the scope of the earlier NPRM (76 FR 76330, December 7, 2011). As a result, we have...

  18. 77 FR 71487 - Airworthiness Directives; Stemme GmbH & Co. KG Powered Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-03

    ... specified products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on September 18, 2012 (77 FR 57531.... We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 57531, September 18, 2012) or on the determination of the... determined that these minor changes: Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77...

  19. 78 FR 9792 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... NPRM was published in the Federal Register on November 30, 2012 (77 FR 71359). That NPRM proposed to... intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77 FR 71359, November 30, 2012) for correcting the unsafe condition; and Do not add any additional burden upon the public than was already proposed in the NPRM (77...

  20. 77 FR 37777 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ... issued AD 2011-21-13 (76 FR 68299, November 4, 2011), for all ECD model MBB-BK 117 C-2 helicopters. Our... Existing AD Was Issued Before we issued AD 2011-21-13 (76 FR 68299, November 4, 2011), EASA, which is the... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the...

  1. 77 FR 64437 - Airworthiness Directives; Burkhart GROB Luft-und Raumfahrt GmbH Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-22

    ... corrosion damage and, in case of water freeze between the external control rod and the internal mass balance... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  2. 78 FR 1726 - Airworthiness Directives; Burkhart GROB Luft- und Raumfahrt GmbH Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... in the Federal Register on October 22, 2012 (77 FR 64437). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe... corrosion damage and, in case of water freeze between the external control rod and the internal mass balance... this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 64437, October 22, 2012) or on the determination...

  3. 78 FR 45471 - Airworthiness Directives; Schempp-Hirth Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may... inspections by a properly certificated aircraft mechanic. (g) Other FAA AD Provisions The following...

  4. 77 FR 19063 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ..., 2012 (77 FR 2234). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The.... We received no comments on the NPRM (77 FR 2234, January 17, 2012) or on the determination of the... determined that these minor changes: Are consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (77 FR...

  5. 77 FR 2234 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... bulkhead of the glider's center of gravity (CG) tow hook that, if not detected and corrected, may lead to... bulkhead of the glider's center of gravity (CG) tow hook that, if not detected and corrected, may lead...

  6. 78 FR 22209 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ...'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect... Blvd., Room 663, Fort Worth, Texas 76137. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Matt Wilbanks, Aviation... Worth, Texas 76137; telephone (817) 222-5110; email matt.wilbanks@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY...

  7. 78 FR 56597 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ....gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On May 8, 2013, at 78 FR 26715, the Federal Register... did not receive any comments on the NPRM (78 FR 26715, May 8, 2013). FAA's Determination These... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); (3) Will...

  8. 78 FR 26715 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will... CONTACT: Matt Wilbanks, Aviation Safety Engineer, Rotorcraft Certification Office, Rotorcraft Directorate, FAA, 2601 Meacham Blvd., Fort Worth, Texas 76137; telephone (817) 222-5110; email...

  9. 78 FR 44050 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); 3. Will not affect intrastate aviation... Meacham Blvd., Room 663, Fort Worth, Texas 76137. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Matt Wilbanks, Aviation... Worth, Texas 76137; telephone (817) 222-5110; email matt.wilbanks@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY...

  10. 76 FR 63167 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Airplanes With Supplemental Type...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... FR 37684). That NPRM proposed to require removal of the VCS mount, which could result in the air... developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (76 FR 37684, June 28, 2011) or on the determination... consistent with the intent that was proposed in the NPRM (76 FR 37684, June 28, 2011) for correcting...

  11. 76 FR 37684 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Model (Diamond) DA 40 Airplanes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and (4) Will... the airplane weight and balance. This proposed AD was prompted by reports of damage around the VCS... balance. Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority...

  12. 76 FR 31457 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Model DA 42 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ... (76 FR 14346). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a...

  13. 76 FR 72128 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ...-09, Amendment 39-16314 (75 FR 32253, June 8, 2010), for TAE Models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02-99...-flight shutdown, possibly resulting in reduced control of the aircraft. Actions Since Existing AD (75 FR... requirements of AD 2010- 11-09 (75 FR 32253, June 8, 2010), except the repetitive replacement interval...

  14. 76 FR 68636 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ... 39-16415 (75 FR 52240, August 25, 2010), for certain TAE models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02-99... Existing AD Was Issued Since we issued AD 2010-18-02 (75 FR 52240, August 25, 2010), TAE identified an... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in...

  15. 78 FR 1733 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... (76 FR 17757, March 31, 2011), and adding the following new AD: 2012-26-13 Thielert Aircraft Engines... rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 to supersede AD 2011-07-09, Amendment 39-16646 (76 FR 17757, March... September 17, 2012 (77 FR 57041). That NPRM proposed to require removing all software mapping versions...

  16. 77 FR 4217 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-27

    ... the specified products. That NPRM published in the Federal Register on October 18, 2011 (76 FR 64289... participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM (76 FR 64289, October 18, 2011... Order 12866, (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  17. Etude de la variabilite climatique des hautes latitudes nord, derivee d'observations satellites micro-ondes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mialon, Arnaud

    Observing sub-polar ecosystems is important as they are suspected to change significantly in response to the expected increase in temperature for the next decades. To bypass the lack of meteorological stations in the Northern High Latitudes, remote sensing is an interesting alternative tool, covering almost the entire area. This project deals with the development of a method to derive surface parameters (>50°N) from satellite data. For this study, brightness temperature data acquired by the SSM/I (Special Sensor Microwave Imager) in the microwave spectrum are used because they are independent of solar radiation and weakly influenced by the atmosphere. Methods used are based on brightness temperatures measured at 19 and 37 GHz, which allow to derive three geophysical parameters related to climate variability: daily maps of snowcover between 1988 and 2002; a water surface extent (open water, small lakes, reservoirs, wetlands associated with low vegetation); a temperature characterizing the surface and the air above the ground. A method to normalize the temperature is presented to overcome the variation of the time of measurement. It leads to hourly series of temperature, This allows to study climate indicators such as the annual sum of positive degree days. Trends confirm observed climate evolution: increase of surface temperature (+0.8 +/- 0.4°C for Canada/Alaska between 1992 and 2002), decrease in snow extent cover. These original databases could also be useful for validation of regional climate model. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  18. Cout direct hospitalier des accidents vasculaires cérébraux à Parakou au nord du Benin

    PubMed Central

    Adoukonou, Thierry; Kouna-Ndouongo, Philomène; Codjia, Jean-Mannix; Covi, Richmine; Tognon-Tchegnonsi, Francis; Preux, Pierre-Marie; Houinato, Dismand

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Les accidents vasculaires cérébraux constituent un véritable problème de santé publique en Afrique avec une charge importante. Les données fiables sur sa réelle charge économique sont rares en Afrique. L'objectif de cette étude était d’évaluer le coût direct hospitalier des AVC à Parakou au Bénin. Méthodes Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale économique ayant inclus des patients hospitalisés pour un AVC à l'hôpital de Parakou entre le 1er Juin 2010 au 31Mai 2011. Les données concernant les différents postes de consommation ont été collectées selon la méthode dite bottom-up. Le coût était envisagé du point de vue de la société et du patient. L'unité du coût était le franc CFA (valeur en 2011). Une régression linéaire multiple était utilisée pour déterminer les meilleurs prédicteurs du coût. Résultats Ils étaient 78 patients dont 52 hommes, âgés en moyenne de 57 ans ± 10.9. Le NIHSS moyen était de 14,4. Le taux de mortalité était de 20,5%. Le coût direct moyen était de 316.810,3 (±230.774,8) F CFA (environ 704 ± 512 Euros). Les grands postes de consommation étaient les explorations paracliniques (34.3%) les soins et médicaments (28.4%) et les frais d'hospitalisation (17.9%). Les meilleurs prédicteurs du coût élevé étaient un AVC hémorragique, un NIHSS élevé à l'admission et une longue durée d'hospitalisation. Conclusion Cette étude suggère un coût élevé de la prise en charge actuelle des AVC à Parakou. PMID:24839529

  19. 75 FR 75159 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-02

    ... proposed AD. Discussion On June 3, 2008, we issued AD 2008-10-51, Amendment 39-15535 (73 FR 30752, May 29... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic.... 106(g), 40113, 44701. Sec. 39.13 2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by removing Amendment 39-15535 (73...

  20. 76 FR 68299 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-04

    ... one generator is deactivated, loss of electrical power, loss of systems necessary for flight safety... generator, likely resulting in loss of electrical power and inducing loss of systems that are necessary for... the electrical power display during switching of a generator. Also, EASA advises that their AD is...

  1. 76 FR 61638 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... the basic requirements of this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Based on....-- Task description-- Identified in-- 328-100 airplanes Task 27-10-00-09...... Visual Check of 328...

  2. 77 FR 12163 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-29

    ... Register on August 31, 2011 (76 FR 54145). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... requested we revise the Cost of Compliance section of the NPRM (76 FR 54145, August 31, 2011). The commenter... a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February...

  3. 75 FR 48617 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH (ECD) Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... (72 FR 13679, March 23, 2007). That AD required actions intended to address an unsafe condition on the... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034.... 39.13 2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by removing Amendment 39-14961 (72 FR 13679, dated March 23,...

  4. 76 FR 58094 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... was published in the Federal Register on December 2, 2010 (75 FR 75159), and proposed to supersede AD 2008-10-51, Amendment 39-15535 (73 FR 30752, May 29, 2008). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe... paragraph (h) of the NPRM (75 FR 75159, December 2, 2010). GCT DO Airworthiness Office stated that, based...

  5. 76 FR 54145 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will... lever could not be operated as intended during the landing roll-out. * * * Recurrence of such an event... past with Dornier 328-100 aeroplanes, where the power lever could not be operated as intended...

  6. 75 FR 66657 - Airworthiness Directives; Eurocopter Deutschland GmbH Model MBB-BK 117 C-2 Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...: Discussion A proposal to amend 14 CFR Part 39 by superseding AD 2006-26-51, Amendment 39 14961 (72 FR 13679... 11, 2010 (75 FR 48617). AD 2006-26-51 requires actions intended to address an unsafe condition on the... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3....

  7. 77 FR 47106 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... applications to import narcotic raw material are not appropriate. 72 FR 3417 (2007). In regard to the non... published in the Federal Register on September 23, 1975, 40 FR 43745-46, all applicants for registration to... company plans to import a synthetic cannabidiol and a synthetic Tetrahydrocannabinol. No other...

  8. 78 FR 19015 - Importer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; SA INTL GMBH C/O., Sigma Aldrich Co. LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ... appropriate. 72 FR 3417(2007). In regard to the non-narcotic raw material, any bulk manufacturer who is... September 23, 1975, 40 FR 43745-46, all applicants for registration to import basic classes of any... analysis. In reference to drug codes 7360 and 7370, the company plans to import a synthetic cannabidiol...

  9. 78 FR 32576 - Proposed Airworthiness Design Standards; AQUILA Aviation by Excellence GmbH, Model AT01

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... additional design criteria issued on September 2, 2003 (68 FR 56809) The regulation applicable to the Amended..., VLA 1583 and due to absence of specific requirements in CS-VLA (VLA 1107, VLA 1381, VLA 1383) the... limitations'. SpC VLA 1583 Operating limitations (a) Airspeed limitations. The following information must...

  10. 75 FR 30280 - Airworthiness Directives; Stemme GmbH & Co. KG Model S10-VT Powered Sailplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ... an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: AD 2007-0315-E was issued to address... replacement of fuel plastic-made connectors by connectors made of metal. Since its publication, another fuel... required by AD 2007-0315-E. It has been determined that the fuel leak may have been caused by...

  11. 77 FR 71593 - Robert Bosch GmbH; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-03

    ..., Portable Music & Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof, Inv. No. 337- TA-745, available..., Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof, Inv. No. 337-TA-745...

  12. 75 FR 7947 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Model TAE 125-01 Reciprocating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... Register on September 17, 2009 (74 FR 47759. That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3... W12-140, Washington, DC 20590- 0001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara Chaidez, Aerospace...

  13. 75 FR 17084 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Model TAE 125-01 Reciprocating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara Chaidez, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA,...

  14. 75 FR 39803 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Model TAE 125-01 Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ... Register on April 5, 2010 (75 FR 17084). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... W12-140, Washington, DC 20590- 0001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara Chaidez, Aerospace...

  15. 75 FR 27487 - Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier-Rotax GmbH 912 F Series and 912 S Series Reciprocating Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion The European... Order 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara...

  16. 76 FR 419 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... found on a trim tab fitting assembly. The cause of the cracking was identified as stress corrosion. This... Register on October 1, 2010 (75 FR 60659). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... tab fitting assembly. The cause of the cracking was identified as stress corrosion. This condition,...

  17. 75 FR 60659 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or..., notify your principal maintenance inspector (PMI) or principal avionics inspector (PAI), as...

  18. 75 FR 70623 - Airworthiness Directives; DORNIER LUFTFAHRT GmbH Models Dornier 228-100, Dornier 228-101, Dornier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... proposed AD. Discussion On May 11, 2007, we issued AD 2007-11-03, Amendment 39-15060 (72 FR 28591; May 22...), 40113, 44701. Sec. 39.13 2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by removing Amendment 39-15060 (72 FR 28591;...

  19. 76 FR 6523 - Airworthiness Directives; Dornier Luftfahrt GmbH Models Dornier 228-100, Dornier 228-101, Dornier...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ...We are superseding an existing airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition...

  20. 76 FR 23169 - Airworthiness Directives; DG Flugzeugbau GmbH Glaser-Dirks Model DG-808C Gliders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-26

    ...We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by the aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition...

  1. 78 FR 52872 - Airworthiness Directives; 328 Support Services GmbH (Type Certificate Previously Held by AvCraft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... AD. Discussion On July 17, 2008, we issued AD 2008-14-16, Amendment 39-15611 (73 FR 40955, July 17... (73 FR 40955, July 17, 2008), we received reports that certain fasteners which were installed as part... $15,191 $531,685 actions from AD 2008-14-16, hour = $3230. Amendment 39-15611 (73 FR 40955, July...

  2. 75 FR 7949 - Airworthiness Directives; Extra Flugzeugproduktions- und Vertriebs- GmbH Models EA-300/200 and EA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... Register on November 3, 2009 (74 FR 56748). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... through 1043; and (2) Model EA-300/L airplanes, S/N 01 through 170, 172, 173, 1171, and 1174 through...

  3. Problemi di comunicazione interculturale tra Italiani e parlanti di italiano in Nord America (Intercultural Communication Problems Between Italians and Speakers of Italian in North America).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balboni, Paolo E.

    2001-01-01

    Examines intercultural communication between Italians and speakers of Italian in North America. Argues intercultural communicative competence comprises three elements: deep cultural values or "mental software"; non-verbal means of communication; and language. Offers advice to teachers of Italian who want to help their students develop…

  4. The flight of Arcadia: spatial CO2/SO2 variations in a cross section above the Nord East crater of Etna volcano

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giuffrida, Giovanni; Calabrese, Sergio; Bobrowski, Nicole; Finkenzeller, Henning; Pecoraino, Giovannella; Scaglione, Sarah

    2015-04-01

    The CO2/SO2 ratio in volcanic plumes of open conduit volcanoes can provide useful information about the magma depth inside a conduit and the possible occurrence of an eruptive event. Moreover, the same CO2 measurement when combined with a SO2 flux measurement, commonly carried out at many volcanoes nowadays, is used to contribute to an improved estimate of global volcanic CO2 budget. Today worldwide at 13 volcanoes automated in-situ instruments (known as Multi-GAS stations) are applied to continuously determine CO2/SO2 ratios and to use this signal as additional parameter for volcanic monitoring. Usually these instruments carry out measurements of half an hour 4 - 6 times/day and thus provide continuous CO2/SO2 values and their variability. The stations are located at crater rims in a position that according to the prevailing winds is invested by the plume. Obviously, although the stations are carefully positioned, it is inevitable that other sources than the plume itself, e.g. soil degassing and surrounding fumaroles, contribute and will be measured as well, covering the 'real' values. Between July and September 2014 experiments were carried out on the North East crater (NEC) of Mount Etna, installing a self-made cable car that crossed the crater from one side to the other. The basket, called "Arcadia", was equipped with an automated standard Multi-GAS station and a GPS, which acquired at high frequency (0.5 Hz) the following parameters : CO2, SO2, H2S, Rh, T, P and geo-coordinates. The choice of NEC of the volcano Etna was based on its accessibility, the relative small diameter (about 230 m) and the presence of a relatively constant and rather concentrated plume. Actually, NEC belongs also to the monitoring network EtnaPlume (managed by the INGV of Palermo). The aim of these experiments was to observe variations of each parameter, in particular the fluctuation of the CO2/SO2 ratio within the plume, moving from the edge to the center of the crater. The gained results give a first possibility to understand if common measurements carried out at the edge of a crater are subject to over- or underestimation and about the order of derivations caused by other sources than the plume. A preliminary analysis results in a lower CO2/SO2 ratio in the central part of the crater versus the more peripheral one. The deviation between the average CO2/SO2 ratio and the center of the plume ranges from a minimum of 58% up to a maximum of 74%. An increased CO2/SO2 emission could be caused by the influence of soil and/or fumarolic degassing at the crater rim. This interpretation leads us to the conclusion that measurements by fixed installed stations might overestimate the CO2/SO2 ratio compared to values originating from the "pure" plume. Further on, it means that variations of up to 74 % (in our experiment) don't necessarily correlate with volcanic activity changes.

  5. New archaeorthopteran insects from the Late Carboniferous of the Nord and Pas-de-Calais basins in northern France (Insecta: Cnemidolestodea, Panorthoptera).

    PubMed

    Coty, David; Háva, Jiří; Prokop, Jakub; Roques, Patrick; Nel, André

    2014-01-01

    New polyneopteran insects are described from Pennsylvanian (Bashkirian, Moscovian) compressed fossils from the North of France (Insecta: Archaeorthoptera). Discovery of wing apex with distinct venation, e.g., apical fusion of RA with RP, numerous parallel posterior branches of RP with transversal crossveins, can be assigned to cf. Tococladus sp. (Cnemidolestodea: Tococladidae). It represents the second record of Cnemidolestodea from the Avion locality apart from Aviocladus pectinatus Prokop et al., 2014. Bruaylogus magnificus gen. et sp. nov., based on forewing venation, is attributed to Panorthoptera nec Orthoptera having some distinct characters for the placement either close to Oedischiidae or a more basal position possibly with affinities to genus Heterologus. Aviologus duquesnei gen. et sp. nov., based on forewing venation, differs from Oedischiidae by the presence of basal fork of M far from point of separation between M and Cu and fusion of MA with first posterior branch of RP. Aviologus share a long stem of M and simple CuPaβ with Heterologus duyiwuer and H. langfordorum, but both differ in well separated median and radial veins. These new fossils demonstrate that the archaeorthopterid insect fauna from the North of France was rather diverse with links to late Carboniferous and early Permian assemblages in Euramerica such as the Mazon Creek, Carbondale Formation or Elmo, Wellington Formation (Illinois, Kansas, USA) entomofaunas. PMID:25544457

  6. Identification d'indicateurs de risque des populations victimes de conflits par imagerie satellitaire. Etude de cas: Le nord de l'Irak

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mubareka, Sarah Betoul

    Remote sensing and security, terms which are not usually associated, have found a common platform this decade with the conjuring of the GMOSS network (Global Monitoring for Security and Stability), whose mandate is to discover new applications for satellite-derived imagery to security issues. This study focuses on human security, concentrating on the characterisation of vulnerable areas to conflict. A time-series of satellite imagery taken from Landsat sensors from 1987 to 2001 and the SRTM mission imagery are used for this purpose over a site in northern Iraq. Human security issues include the exposure to any type of hazard. The region of study is first characterised in order to understand which hazards are and were present in the past for the region of study. The principal hazard for the region of study is armed conflict and the relative field data was analysed to determine the links between geographical indicators and vulnerable areas. This is done through historical research and the study of open-sourced information about disease outbreaks; the movements of refugees and the internally displaced; and humanitarian aid and security issues. These open sources offer information which are not always consistent, objective, or normalized and are therefore difficult to quantify. A method for the rapid mapping and graphing and subsequent analysis of the situation in a region where limited information is available is developed. This information is coupled with population numbers to create a "risk map": A disaggregated matrix of areas most at risk during conflict situations. The results show that describing the risk factor for a population to the hazard conflict depends on three complex indicators: Population density, remoteness and economic diversity. Each of these complex indicators is then derived from Landsat and SRTM imagery and a satellite-driven model is formulated. This model based on satellite imagery is applied to the study site for a temporal study. The output are three 90 m x 90 m resolution grids which describe, at a pixel level, the risk level within the region for each of the dates studies, and the changes which occur in northern Iraq as the result of the Anfal Campaigns. Results show that satellite imagery, with a minimum of processing, can yield indicators for characterising risk in a region. Although by no means a replacement for field data, this technological source, in the absence of local knowledge, can provide users with a starting point in understanding which areas are most at risk within a region. If this data is coupled with open sourced information such as political and cultural discrimination, economy and agricultural practices, a fairly accurate risk map can be generated in the absence of field data. Keywords. SRTM, Landsat, risk indicators, Iraq, conflict, population vulnerability, segmentation, land-use, fuzzy-classification, atmospheric corrections.

  7. Effets de la marée noire de l' ''Amoco Cadiz '' sur le benthos sublittoral du nord de la Bretagne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabioch, L.; Dauvin, J. C.; Mora Bermudez, J.; Rodriguez Babio, C.

    1980-03-01

    Effects of the “Amoco Cadiz ” oil spill on the sublittoral benthos, north of Brittany. Effects of hydrocarbons on the sublittoral macrobenthic communities have been observed through (1) studies of population dynamics of selected communities, conducted prior to the spill by the tanker “Amoco Cadiz ” in spring 1978 and (2) comparisons between the situation in summer 1978 with that in earlier years, with continuation of the observations in some selected sites. The effect of the spill has been selective, involving a limited number of species, mainly crustaceans, molluscs and the sand-urchin Echinocardium cordatum. The spill mainly affected communities on fine sediments and, to a lesser degree, those on mixed sediments. Notably, the destruction of the dominant populations of Ampelisca, in areas of fine sands in the Bay of Morlaix, has led to a marked decrease of biomass and production. Moreover, repopulation will be difficult because of the isolation of such communities on the southern side of the English Channel. The effects evolved with time; after a phase of sharp and selective mortality, which did not last more than a few weeks, secondary effects on the recruitment of the remaining species do not seem to have occurred on a large scale. Nevertheless, a proliferation of polychaetes has been noticed.

  8. Do Abnormal Serum Lipid Levels Increase the Risk of Chronic Low Back Pain? The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study

    PubMed Central

    Heuch, Ingrid; Heuch, Ivar; Hagen, Knut; Zwart, John-Anker

    2014-01-01

    Background Cross-sectional studies suggest associations between abnormal lipid levels and prevalence of low back pain (LBP), but it is not known if there is any causal relationship. Objective The objective was to determine, in a population-based prospective cohort study, whether there is any relation between levels of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides and the probability of experiencing subsequent chronic (LBP), both among individuals with and without LBP at baseline. Methods Information was collected in the community-based HUNT 2 (1995–1997) and HUNT 3 (2006–2008) surveys of an entire Norwegian county. Participants were 10,151 women and 8731 men aged 30–69 years, not affected by chronic LBP at baseline, and 3902 women and 2666 men with LBP at baseline. Eleven years later the participants indicated whether they currently suffered from chronic LBP. Results Among women without LBP at baseline, HDL cholesterol levels were inversely associated and triglyceride levels positively associated with the risk of chronic LBP at end of follow-up in analyses adjusted for age only. Adjustment for the baseline factors education, work status, physical activity, smoking, blood pressure and in particular BMI largely removed these associations (RR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.85–1.07 per mmol/l of HDL cholesterol; RR: 1.16, 95% CI: 0.94–1.42 per unit of lg(triglycerides)). Total cholesterol levels showed no associations. In women with LBP at baseline and men without LBP at baseline weaker relationships were observed. In men with LBP at baseline, an inverse association with HDL cholesterol remained after complete adjustment (RR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.72–0.95 per mmol/l). Conclusion Crude associations between lipid levels and risk of subsequent LBP in individuals without current LBP are mainly caused by confounding with body mass. However, an association with low HDL levels may still remain in men who are already affected and possibly experience a higher pain intensity. PMID:25233233

  9. Tectonique active du Nord-Est de Sulawesi(Indonésie) et contrôle structural de la caldeira de Tondano

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lécuyer, Frédéric; Bellier, Olivier; Gourgaud, Alain; Vincent, Pierre M.

    1997-10-01

    Field study and SPOT image analyses on the Tondano caldera region permit us to show a distributed active sinistral strike-slip fault zone which trends ENE- WSW This faulting accommodates the N-S movement of the Celebes Sea plate and represents a transfer fault zone between the Celebes sea subduetion end and the Moluccas sea subduetion zone. Furthermore, this study permits us to provide evidence for a tectonic control of the Tondano caldera collapse and evolution.

  10. Ongoing Transmission of Onchocerca volvulus after 25 Years of Annual Ivermectin Mass Treatments in the Vina du Nord River Valley, in North Cameroon

    PubMed Central

    Eisenbarth, Albert; Achukwi, Mbunkah Daniel; Renz, Alfons

    2016-01-01

    Background Recent reports of transmission interruption of Onchocerca volvulus, the causing agent of river blindness, in former endemic foci in the Americas, and more recently in West and East Africa, raise the question whether elimination of this debilitating disease is underway after long-term treatment of the population at risk with ivermectin. The situation in Central Africa has not yet been clearly assessed. Methods and findings Entomologic data from two former endemic river basins in North Cameroon were generated over a period of 43 and 48 months to follow-up transmission levels in areas under prolonged ivermectin control. Moreover, epidemiologic parameters of animal-borne Onchocerca spp. transmitted by the same local black fly vectors of the Simulium damnosum complex were recorded and their impact on O. volvulus transmission success evaluated. With mitochondrial DNA markers we unambiguously confirmed the presence of infective O. volvulus larvae in vectors from the Sudan savannah region (mean Annual Transmission Potential 2009–2012: 98, range 47–221), but not from the Adamawa highland region. Transmission rates of O. ochengi, a parasite of Zebu cattle, were high in both foci. Conclusions/significance The high cattle livestock density in conjunction with the high transmission rates of the bovine filaria O. ochengi prevents the transmission of O. volvulus on the Adamawa plateau, whereas transmission in a former hyperendemic focus was markedly reduced, but not completely interrupted after 25 years of ivermectin control. This study may be helpful to gauge the impact of the presence of animal-filariae for O. volvulus transmission in terms of the growing human and livestock populations in sub-Saharan countries. PMID:26926855

  11. Evaluation of the recovery annealing of the reactor pressure vessel of NPP Nord (Greifswald) Units 1 and 2 by means of subsize impact specimens

    SciTech Connect

    Ahlstrand, R.; Klausnitzer, E.N.; Leitz, C.; Lange, D.; Pastor, D.; Valo, M.

    1993-12-01

    In 1988 and 1990, the reactor pressure vessels of Units 1 and 2, respectively, of the Greifswald nuclear power station were subjected to heat treatment at 475 C for annealing of irradiation effects. To demonstrate the effect of annealing and to evaluate a new postannealing transition temperature of vessel base metal and weld metal, boat samples were removed by means of electric discharge machining (EDM) from the (unclad) inner surface of the vessel. From these samples, micronotched bar impact test specimens were fabricated and tested at different temperature. Transition curves were evaluated from the results. By means of correlation tests, the transition temperatures evaluated from the micro-specimen tests are converted to standard Charpy-5 transition temperatures. Results are available for the weld metal of Unit 1 after annealing. The transition temperature T{sub k} is lower than the value calculated by the designer of the plant. Specimens removed from Unit 2 before and after annealing are in preparation.

  12. Strategy for managing water in the Middle East and North Africa; Strategie pour la gestion de l`eau au moyen-orient et en afrique du nord

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-01

    Water has always been of central concern to life in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Burgeoning populations are placing unprecendented pressures on the resource, calling urgently for new approaches to water planning and management if escalating conflicts are to be avoided and if environmental degradation is to be reversed. The booklet sets out the implications of the new Bank policy for the MENA region, calling for a concerted effort by government and Bank staff to address water resources in a coordinated and sustainable manner. It proposes a practical, step-by-step approach to achieving this objective that could lead to new Bank-supported operations to address the water sector as a whole.

  13. Cadmium contamination of three bivalve species (oysters, cockles and clams) in Nord Médoc salt marshes (Gironde estuary, France): Geochemical survey and metal bioaccumulation kinetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baudrimont, M.; Schäfer, J.; Marie, V.; Maury-Brachet, R.; Bossy, C.; Durrieu, G.; Palvadeau, A.; Maneux, E.; Boudou, A.; Blanc, G.

    2003-05-01

    A historical Cd pollution of the Lot-Garonne River system (France) bas led to the contamination of sediment and water of the Gironde Estuary. In spite of the decrease of fluvial Cd inputs since the early 90ies, Cd concentrations in the Gironde oysters remain higher than European norms (5 μg.g^{-1} dry mass) and the “zone D” classification of the estuary prohibits bivalve production and harvesting for human consumption. A geochemical survey in salt marshes used for aquaculture (crustaceans) has been conducted in order to assess the heavy métal contamination level in these systems periodically alimented by the Gironde water, accompanied by caging experiments on three bivalve species of economical interest: oysters (Crassostrea gigas), cockles (Cerastoderma edule) and clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) to study heavy metal accumulation in these organisms. Distribution of heavy metals in this system is controlled by biogeochemical processes and is independent of routine water management. Contamination levels in the studied species indicate the high accumulation of Cd by oysters. On the other hand, Cd concentrations in benthic species, such as cockles and clams, are clearly lower than European safety limits for human consumption.

  14. Reconstitution de données climatiques pour l’Algérie du Nord : application des réseaux neuronaux

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouaoune, Djahida; Dahmani-Megrerouche, Malika

    2010-11-01

    In the present context of climate change and preservation of biodiversity, the appreciation of the vulnerability of the natural ecosystems and their capacity of adaptation appears among the main preoccupations to the world level (GIEC, 2007). This assessment of the ecosystems requires the availability of climatic data, what is often made difficult by the weak density or even the absence of meteorological stations notably, to the level of the mountains zones. In order to study the climate-vegetation relationship in North Algeria, we use an automatic interpolation method, the neural network method, for the reconstitution of climatic data of the sampled sites, (1035 phytoecological samples), from the existing meteorological network (269 stations). This method is characterized by a great suppleness of non-linearity and by its capacity for reconstituting information from partial and not well-defined indications such as the case of data provided from meteorological networks. In order to reconstitution of climatic data, we use the explicate variables, longitude, latitude and altitude, the variables to explain being the rainfall and temperatures. To define the best approach, the network calibration has been activated on climatic parameters taken globally or solely, for the whole of study zone, and by geographical sector. The results of the interpolation are expressed through a climatic parameter cartography, released automatically by the MapInfo software. The reliability results obtained by this method can be appreciated by elaboration of errors maps comparing to reference data.

  15. Métamorphisme miocène de granites panafricains dans le massif de l'Edough (Nord-Est de l'Algérie)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hammor, Dalila; Lancelot, Joël

    1998-09-01

    The Edough Massif is the easternmost crystalline core of the Maghrebides that represents the African segment of the west Mediterranean Alpine belt. U-Pb zircon dating provides upper intercept ages of 595 ± 51 My and 606 ± 55 My for an orthogneiss of the lower unit and a deformed leucogranite of the upper pelitic unit, respectively. These ages suggest emplacement of the two granitoids during the Pan-African orogeny. Monazites from a paragneiss sample gave a 18 ± 5 My U-Pb age that points to a Miocene age of the high-temperature metamorphism.

  16. Weight-of-evidence environmental risk assessment of dumped chemical weapons after WWII along the Nord-Stream gas pipeline in the Bornholm Deep.

    PubMed

    Sanderson, Hans; Fauser, Patrik; Thomsen, Marianne; Larsen, Jørn Bo

    2012-05-15

    In connection with installation of two natural gas pipelines through the Baltic Sea between Russia and Germany, there has been concern regarding potential re-suspension of historically dumped chemical warfare agents (CWA) in a nearby dump site and the potential environmental risks associated. 192 sediment and 11 porewater samples were analyzed for CWA residues, both parent and metabolites in 2008 and 2010 along the pipeline corridor next to the dump site. Macrozoobenthos and background variables were also collected and compared to the observed CWA levels and predicted potential risks. Detection frequencies and levels of intact CWA found were low, whereas CWA metabolites were more frequently found. Re-suspension of CWA residue-containing sediment from installation of the pipelines contributes marginally to the overall background CWA residue exposure and risk along the pipeline route. The multivariate weight-of-evidence analysis showed that physical and background parameters of the sediment were of higher importance for the biota than observed CWA levels. PMID:22440539

  17. Analyse multi-échelle par ondelettes des contacts géologiques : application à la carte gravimétrique du Maroc nord-oriental

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khattach, Driss; Mraoui, Hamid; Sbibih, Driss; Chennouf, Touria

    2006-06-01

    The multiscale wavelet analysis has been applied to the gravity data from northeastern Morocco to map the major geological contacts, such us faults. Hence, the faults affecting the survey area were outlined with their importance level and dip direction. Seismic data confirm these results and testify the efficiency of this method, particularly in studying structure of plains. The structural map established is a very useful document in the planning of natural resources investigations (i.e. water, mines) to be undertaken in the area of study. To cite this article: D. Khattach et al., C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).

  18. Apport de la gravimétrie à l'étude de la structure du bassin des Triffa (Maroc nord-oriental) : implications hydrogéologiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khattach, Driss; Keating, Pierre; Mili, El Mostafa; Chennouf, Touria; Andrieux, Pierre; Milhi, Abdellah

    2004-12-01

    Various techniques (horizontal and vertical derivatives, upward continuation, Euler deconvolution) have been applied to the gravity data from the Triffa's plain and the north flank of the Beni-Snassen massif to delineate various major geological structures such as faults and basins. These results allow the production of a structural map showing the fault systems for the survey area. This map forms the basis for planning future hydrogeological research in this region. To cite this article: D. Khattach et al., C. R. Geoscience 336 (2004).

  19. Plant Decontamination as a Precondition of the Remote Dismantling Concept of the Karlsruhe Vitrification Plant VEK - 12206

    SciTech Connect

    Dux, Joachim; Fleisch, Joachim; Latzko, Bernhard; Rohleder, Norbert

    2012-07-01

    Vitrification of the high-active liquid waste concentrates (HAWC) was a major milestone in the WAK decommissioning project (StiWAK). From September 2009 to June 2010, about 56 m{sup 3} of HAWC were vitrified at the Karlsruhe vitrification facility (VEK) and filled into 123 canisters. HAWC vitrification was followed by an extensive rinsing and shutdown program, in the course of which both the VEK process installations and the facilities for the storage and evaporation of high-active fission product solutions (LAVA) are prepared specifically for dismantling. Finally the rinsing programme leads to an overall reduction of the remaining contamination in the installations by a factor of approx. 5 - 10. The amount of liquids arisen from this program has been vitrified and another 17 canisters have been filled. In total, 140 canisters were packed into 5 CASTOR casks that were already transported to the Zwischenlager Nord (interim store North) of EWN GmbH (ZLN) in the mid of February 2011. The melter of the VEK was already shut down in the late November 2010. (authors)

  20. 76 FR 64289 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125-02-114...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion The European... that it would take about 3 work-hours per engine to comply with this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Required parts would cost about $1,500 per engine. Based on these...

  1. 76 FR 59950 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GMBH & CO KG 914 F2, 914 F3, and 914 F4 Reciprocating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA... estimate that it would take about 2 work-hours per product to comply with this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour. Required parts would cost about $180 per product. Based on...

  2. 75 FR 71371 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-01, TAE 125-02-99, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA... take about 0.5 work-hour per engine to comply with this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work- hour. There are no required parts cost. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of...

  3. 76 FR 64285 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-18

    ... European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) on AD 2010-06-12, (75 FR 12439, March 16, 2010). The MCAI describes... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion On March 8, 2010, the FAA issued AD 2010-06-12, (75 FR 12439, March 16, 2010). That AD...

  4. 75 FR 52240 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code... Order 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... production batch of the clutch. We are issuing this AD to prevent engine in-flight shutdown leading to...

  5. 75 FR 66342 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125-02-114...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-28

    ... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... occurred due to chain wear. This condition, if not corrected, could lead to in-flight cases of...

  6. 75 FR 47182 - Airworthiness Directives; GROB-WERKE GMBH & CO KG Models G102 ASTIR CS and G102 STANDARD ASTIR...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2010-0458; Directorate Identifier 2010-CE... (75 FR 23194). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI... developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM or on the determination of the cost to the...

  7. 76 FR 27861 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 42, DA 42 NG, and DA 42 M-NG...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... (76 FR 12627). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI...-16534 (75 FR 75868, December 7, 2010), as a unilateral action to address this unsafe condition on Models... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a...

  8. 76 FR 9963 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125-02-114...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ... Register on October 28, 2010 (75 FR 66342). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant... aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: Service experience has shown that fracture...

  9. 76 FR 1342 - Airworthiness Directives; GROB-WERKE GMBH & CO KG Models G102 ASTIR CS, G102 CLUB ASTIR III, G102...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-10

    ... the various levels of government. For the reasons discussed above, I certify this AD: (1) Is not a... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a significant... an appropriately rated mechanic under the oversight of a mechanic with an inspection authorization...

  10. 76 FR 33984 - Airworthiness Directives; BRP-Powertrain GmbH & Co. KG Rotax 912 F3, 912 S2, 912 S3, 912 S4, 914...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ... in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Authority for This Rulemaking... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant... has been detected, which exceeds the hardness of the design specification. The affected washers...

  11. 75 FR 61046 - Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier-Rotax GmbH Type 912 F, 912 S, and 914 F Series Reciprocating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-04

    ... Register on April 7, 2010 (75 FR 17632). That action proposed to require initial visual inspection for... part 39 by superseding AD 2002-16-26, Amendment 39-12865 (67 FR 53296, August 15, 2002), with a... 12866; (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  12. 75 FR 17632 - Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier-Rotax GmbH Type 912 F, 912 S, and 914 F Series Reciprocating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... engine and forced landing. DATES: We must receive any comments on this proposed AD by June 7, 2010..., 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http... available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. Discussion On August 7, 2002, the FAA issued AD...

  13. 76 FR 12627 - Airworthiness Directives; Diamond Aircraft Industries GmbH Models DA 42, DA 42 NG, and DA 42 M-NG...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ....gov , including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each... the MCAI, on November 23, 2010, we issued AD 2010-25-01, Amendment 39-16534 (75 FR 75868, December 7... Order 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44...

  14. 75 FR 12439 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-16

    ... in the Federal Register on October 19, 2009 (74 FR 53438). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe... ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3... Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590- 0001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara...

  15. 75 FR 53846 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ..., Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: tara.chaidez@faa.gov ; telephone (781) 238-7773; fax (781) 238-7199. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On June 8, 2010 (75 FR 32253), we published a final rule AD, FR Doc. 2010-12540, in... times of AD 2010-11-09 remain unchanged. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tara Chaidez,...

  16. 77 FR 53154 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-02-99 and TAE 125-02-114...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-31

    ... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... next scheduled maintenance or within 110 flight hours after the effective date of this AD. If chips...

  17. Questions of testing rate and flexibility of rocket test benches, discussed on the basis of the test benches of Nitrochemie GMBH in Aschau

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LEGRAND

    1987-01-01

    The rocket test benches are used to study burnup behavior by various methods. In the first ten months of 1966, 1578 shots were performed to test propellants, and 920 to test 14 thrust and pressure measurement projects.

  18. 76 FR 17757 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH Models TAE 125-01, TAE 125-02-99, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... November 23, 2010 (75 FR 71371). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... that a case of FADEC channel B manifold air pressure (MAP) sensor hose permeability is not...

  19. 75 FR 7996 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ..., 2009 (74 FR 17795, April 17, 2009): TAE has identified the gearbox as the primary source of vibrations... identified as the primary source of vibrations for the PPRV, and it has also been determined that failure of... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Discussion EASA, which is the Technical Agent...

  20. 75 FR 32253 - Airworthiness Directives; Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH (TAE) Models TAE 125-01 and TAE 125-02...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... the primary source of vibrations for the PPRV, and it has also been determined that failure of the... FR 17795) and that supplemental NPRM was published in the Federal Register on February 23, 2010 (75 FR 7996). That supplemental NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified...

  1. 75 FR 23194 - Airworthiness Directives; GROB-WERKE GMBH & CO KG Models G102 ASTIR CS and G102 STANDARD ASTIR...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2010-0458; Directorate Identifier... Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA AD No.: 2010-0053R1, dated April 14, 2010... Service Bulletin No. MSB- GROB-003, dated October 21, 2009. The actions described in this...

  2. 76 FR 32019 - Notice of Receipt of Petition for Decision That Nonconforming 2008-2010 M&V GmbH Siegmar Fzb...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... written in the English language, and be no greater than 15 pages in length, although there is no limit to..., 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). How to Read Comments submitted to the Docket: You may read the comments...

  3. Un segment proximal de rampe carbonatée d'âge protérozoïque supérieur au Nord du craton d'Afrique centrale (sud-est de la République centrafricaine)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez, Philippe

    1996-01-01

    Near Bakouma (southwest Central African Republic), the ante Pan African carbonated formations are deeply karstified and overlaid by uranium and phosphorus bearing sediments, probably Eocene in age. The sedimentological study, of drilling cores allows the proposal of a carbonated ramp model for the lithological pile. This ramp was backed on to a large argilaceous continental rise with feldspathic sandy deposits. In the marine domain, pelitic sediments of the coastal plain progressively change into dolomites deposited on a dissipative beach limited by a discontinuous and partially emerged stromatolic bioherm. In the south, the stromatolic bioherms of Kassa-Limassa are interbedded in lagoonal silicified dolomites bearing evidence of evaporitic processes. Native copper is locally present in shore deposits. The progradation of the facies is southwards. This model is compared to the beach of the carbonated ramp evidenced for the Schisto-calcaire Group in Congo. The carbonated ramps of Central Africa, established before the Pan-African orogeny, can be linked to the same tectono-eustatic regressive period as the Schisto-calcaire ramp (West-Congolian Supergroup). By comparaison with the results obtained in south Congo, the age of the carbonated ramp in the north of Central Africa could be near the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary.

  4. Profil étiologique des surdités neurosensorielle sévère et profonde de l'enfant dans la région du centre-nord du Maroc

    PubMed Central

    Ridal, Mohammed; Outtasi, Naouar; Taybi, Zainab; Boulouiz, Redouan; Chaouki, Sanae; Boubou, Meryem; Maaroufi, Mustapha; Benmansour, Najib; Zaki, Zouheir; Ouldim, Karim; Barakat, Hamid; Hida, Mustapha; Tizniti, Siham; El Alami, Mohamed Noreddine

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Le diagnostic d'une surdité profonde est possible dès les premiers jours de vie. Or, le développement du langage et l'intégration scolaire et professionnelle ne sont pas possible que si la surdité est prise en charge précocement. L’établissement d'un diagnostc étiologique a des implications pronostiques et thérapeutiques. Méthodes C'est une étude rétrospective allant de Juin 2009 au mois de Janvier 2012 ayant recensé 250 cas d'enfants porteurs d'une surdité sévère et profonde. Résultats La moyenne d’âge au moment de l'annonce du diagnostic est de 3.7 ans. Les étiologies prédominantes sont les surdités génétiques dans 35.6% suivies des surdités acquises dans 30.8% des cas. Dans 34.4% des cas aucune étiologie n'a pu être retrouvée. Conclusion Cette étude met en évidence la prédominance éventuelle de causes génétiques de la surdité neurosensorielle de l'enfant au Maroc, et souligne la nécessité d'améliorer les politiques de prévention des maladies infectieuses et de dépistage de la surdité néonatale. Cependant, des analyses moléculaires plus ciblées et la réalisation d'un scanner des rochers systématiques sont nécessaires pour évaluer plus précisément la contribution des étiologies génétiques. PMID:25018837

  5. Highlighting the Impacts of North-South Research Collaboration among Canadian and Southern Higher Education Partners (Principaux impacts des collaborations de recherche Nord-Sud entre les partenaires des etablissements d'enseignement superieur du Canada et du Sud)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) felt it was timely to create an academic forum in which university researchers have the opportunity to engage with their peers and relevant stakeholders and document the impacts of their North-South research collaboration in a peer-reviewed publication. The Association achieved this by…

  6. Origine et évolution du bassin Nord-Banda (Indonésie): apport des données magnétiquesOrigin and evolution of the North Banda Basin (Indonesia): constraints from magnetic data.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinschberger, Florent; Malod, Jacques-André; Réhault, Jean-Pierre; Dyment, Jérôme; Honthaas, Christian; Villeneuve, Michel; Burhanuddin, Safri

    2000-10-01

    The North Banda Sea Basin is located in Eastern Indonesia, close to the triple junction between the Eurasian, Pacific and Indo-Australian plates, and opened during Late Miocene time in a back arc setting. We use the magnetic and bathymetric data to depict this opening and the geodynamical evolution of the basin. We also take into account radiochronological datations available from some dredges of its basement. Sea floor spreading occurred from 12.5 to 7.15 Ma directed by three large NW-SE transform faults, namely the West Buru, Tampomas and Hamilton fracture zones. Finally, a schematic model of the North and South Banda basins evolution is presented.

  7. Tectonique en radeaux au toit d'un ≪ glacier de sel ≫ sous-marin albien de Tunisie du Nord-Ouest: exemple du secteur minier de Gueurn Halfaya

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vila, Jean-Marie; Youssef, Mohamed Ben; Bouhlel, Salah; Ghanmi, Mohamed; Kassa, Samia; Miaadi, Fethi

    1998-10-01

    In northwestern Tunisia, the new study of the Gueurn Halfaya mining area allows us to define the relationships of the Triassic masses with the surrounding Cretaceous and Miocene formations, and to specify the genesis of several mineralizations (Fe, Sr, Pb-Zn), from an Aptian-Albian tilted block extensional setting, later tectonically inverted during the Tertiary. During the Lower-Middle Cretaceous, a sedimentary slope with boulders, determined by normal faulting, receives a submarine 'salt glacier', like in the Gulf of Mexico. This is then overlain by two successive sedimentary covers (Middle-Upper Albian and Vraconian-Turonian); the depocentres of the second cover directly overlie the saliferous Triassic rocks after the rafting of the first cover. This organisation is similar to the Kuanza basin setting in Angola. The Lower-Middle Cretaceous tectono-sedimentary evolution proposed here, very different to the 'classical' forceful diapiric interpretation, is continuously drived from the extensional tectonics (sedimentation and mineralizations, before, during and after the halokinesis), and afterwards tectonically inverted by the two Tertiary contractional events.

  8. Histoire de l'exhumation de l'Altun Shan: indications sur l'âge de la subduction du bloc du Tarim sous le système de l'Altyn Tagh (Nord Tibet)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jolivet, Marc; Roger, Françoise; Arnaud, Nicolas; Brunel, Maurice; Tapponnier, Paul; Seward, Diane

    1999-11-01

    The Altun Shan is a tectonic block to the south of the Tarim basin, North Tibet, bounded to the south by the Altyn Tagh fault. U/Pb crystallisation ages on zircons are 441 ± 9 Ma. 40Ar/ 39Ar analysis on muscovite yields an age of 383 ± 7 Ma. Both indicate a cooling rate of 7.3 ± 0.6 °C·Ma -1 from 441 to 383 Ma. Further cooling, probably due to exhumation, began at this time and continued at a rate of 0.8 ± 0.3 °C·Ma -1 From three apatite fission-track analyses, cooling rate increased to 8 ± 2 °C·Ma -1 at 10 Ma.

  9. Présence de sills de roches ignées acides dans la mine Sb-Au de Ribeiro da Serra, district Dúrico-Beirão, Nord Portugal. Implications métallogéniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Couto, Helena; Roger, Guy; Fonteilles, Michel

    1999-11-01

    In the Ribeiro da Serra mine, subconcordant and locally discordant veins composed mainly of quartz and albite, hosted by the bedded sequence of the schist-greywacke complex, are interpreted as sills of albitized felsic igneous rocks. They were emplaced after major Hercynian folding, in the same faulted structure as a mineralized quartz vein, and probably only a short time before the latter. The existence of this magmatic activity supports the hypothesis of an indirect relationship between the Sb-Au veins and a hidden granitic intrusion in the Dúrico-Beirão district.

  10. Extension spatiale de la salinisation des ressources en eau et modèle conceptuel des sources salées dans la plaine des Triffa (Maroc nord-oriental)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boughriba, Mimoun; Melloul, Abderrahmane; Zarhloule, Yassine; Ouardi, Abdelillah

    2006-09-01

    The succession of drought years and excessive abstraction in the plain of Triffa caused deterioration in water quality and endangers future exploitation of groundwater resources. A combination of geophysical surveys, including electrical resistivity and hydrochemical data has been used to identify the geographical extension of salinization and identify its origin. Electrical conductivity measurements are used to show the history of salinization in space and time. In this paper, a first conceptual model of the brackish springs has been established. To cite this article: M. Boughriba et al., C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).

  11. Origine du soufre associé aux minéralisations Pb-Zn de type Mississippi Valley de la chaîne des Beni Snassen orientaux (Maroc nord-oriental)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouabdellah, Mohammed; Boudchiche, Lahbib; Ouahhabi, Benali; Naciri, Tayeb

    2008-12-01

    Sulfur isotope data measured on samples of galena from the main Mississippi Valley-type prospects of the eastern Beni Snassen belt preclude an igneous source for sulfur, pointing instead to a sedimentary source. Negative δ 34S values are interpreted to being derived from bacteriogenic reduction of Jurassic seawater sulphate. Positive δ 34S values are considered to be hydrothermal sulfide transported with metal-bearing fluid. Mixing of these two fluids resulted in the deposition of the Pb ore.

  12. Process Document, Joint Verification Protocol, and Joint Test Plan for Verification of HACH-LANGE GmbH LUMIStox 300 Bench Top Luminometer and ECLOX Handheld Luminometer for Luminescent Bacteria Test for use in Wastewater

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Danish Environmental Technology Verification program (DANETV) Water Test Centre operated by DHI, is supported by the Danish Ministry for Science, Technology and Innovation. DANETV, the United States Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Technology Verification Progra...

  13. Kinetic studies of 25-hydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D3 and 1 alpha,25-dihydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D3 hydroxylation by CYP27B1 and CYP24A1.

    PubMed

    Urushino, Naoko; Nakabayashi, Sachie; Arai, Midori A; Kittaka, Atsushi; Chen, Tai C; Yamamoto, Keiko; Hayashi, Keiko; Kato, Shigeaki; Ohta, Miho; Kamakura, Masaki; Ikushiro, Shinichi; Sakaki, Toshiyuki

    2007-09-01

    Our previous study demonstrated that 25-hydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D(3) [25(OH)-19-nor-D(3)] inhibited the proliferation of immortalized noncancerous PZ-HPV-7 prostate cells similar to 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)], suggesting that 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) might be converted to 1 alpha,25-dihydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D(3) [1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-19-nor-D(3)] by CYP27B1 before exerting its antiproliferative activity. Using an in vitro cell-free model to study the kinetics of CYP27B1-dependent 1 alpha-hydroxylation of 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) [25(OH)D(3)] and CYP24A1-dependent hydroxylation of 1 alpha,25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) and 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), we found that k(cat)/K(m) for 1 alpha-hydroxylation of 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) was less than 0.1% of that for 25(OH)D(3), and the k(cat)/K(m) value for 24-hydroxylation was not significantly different between 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-19-nor-D(3) and 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). The data suggest a much slower formation and a similar rate of degradation of 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-19-nor-D(3) compared with 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). We then analyzed the metabolites of 25(OH)D(3) and 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) in PZ-HPV-7 cells by high-performance liquid chromatography. We found that a peak that comigrated with 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) was detected in cells incubated with 25(OH)D(3), whereas no 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-19-nor-D(3) was detected in cells incubated with 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3). Thus, the present results do not support our previous hypothesis that 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) is converted to 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)-19-nor-D(3) by CYP27B1 in prostate cells to inhibit cell proliferation. We hypothesize that 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) by itself may have a novel mechanism to activate vitamin D receptor or it is metabolized in prostate cells to an unknown metabolite with antiproliferative activity without 1 alpha-hydroxylation. Thus, the results suggest that 25(OH)-19-nor-D(3) has potential as an attractive agent for prostate cancer therapy. PMID:17553915

  14. 77 FR 72349 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ... & Logistic GMBH & Co. KG; Industrial Maritime Carriers LLC; Seaboard Marine, Ltd.; and West Coast Industrial... amendment removes BBC Chartering & Logistic GMBH & Co. KG as a party to the agreement. By Order of...

  15. 76 FR 72087 - Special Conditions: Diamond Aircraft Industries, Model DA-40NG; Electronic Engine Control (EEC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    .... A47CE to include the new model DA- 40NG with the Austro Engine GmbH model E4 Aircraft Diesel Engine (ADE...-tail airplane with the Austro Engine GmbH model E4 diesel engine and an increased maximum takeoff gross... Engine GmbH model E4 aircraft diesel engine. 1. Electronic Engine Control a. For electronic...

  16. Healing at Home: 100 Years of Public Health Nursing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahy, Ellen T.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Includes "Now More than Ever" (Fahy); "Healing at Home" (photo essay); "Amelia Greenwald: Pioneer in International Public Health Nursing" (Mayer); "Alaska's Watched Pot" (Nord); and "Gertrude Weld Peabody: Unsung Patron of Public Health Nursing Education" (Doona). (JOW)

  17. Genetics Home Reference: Fabry disease

    MedlinePlus

    ... National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases Association, Inc. Resource list from the ... Brady R, Barranger J, Collins AJ, Germain DP, Goldman M, Grabowski G, Packman S, Wilcox WR. Fabry disease, ...

  18. Spasticity

    MedlinePlus

    ... in association with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, stroke, brain or head trauma, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ... 999-NORD (6673) Fax: 203-798-2291 United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) 1825 K St NW Suite 600 Washington, ...

  19. Striatonigral Degeneration

    MedlinePlus

    ... 744-0100; Voice Mail: 800-999-NORD (6673) Fax: 203-798-2291 American Parkinson Disease Association 135 ... 223-2732; 877-223-3801 (Young Onset Center) Fax: 718-981-4399 National Parkinson Foundation 200 SE ...

  20. Genetics Home Reference: succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency

    MedlinePlus

    ... a chemical that transmits signals in the brain (neurotransmitter) called gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA). The primary ... Diseases National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) Pediatric Neurotransmitter Disease Association GeneReviews (1 link) Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase ...

  1. 75 FR 23847 - Blocking of Specially Designated National Pursuant to Executive Order 13413

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ..., Democratic Republic of the; DOB 1973; POB Nord-Kivu, DRC; alt. POB Rwanda; nationality Congo, Democratic.... MUTEBUZI, Jules), Rwanda; DOB 6 Jul 1960; POB South Kivu, DRC; nationality Congo, Democratic Republic...

  2. Genetics Home Reference: Laron syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... 5 links) Human Growth Foundation Little People of America National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD): Growth Hormone ... on PubMed Central Guevara-Aguirre J, Rosenbloom AL. Obesity, diabetes and cancer: insight into the relationship from ...

  3. Du Gondwana à l'atlantique sud: les connexions du fossé de la bénoué avec les bassins du Nord-Est brésilien jusqu'à l'ouverture du golfe de Guinée au crétacé inférieur

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popoff, Michel

    The Benue trough and the intracontinental basins of Northeast Brazil are located in the African-South American mobile belt deformed during the Pan-African (or Brazilian) orogeny. The chain trends in a N-S to NNE-SSW direction. During the Late Precambrian collision stages in between the cratons of West Africa, Sao Francisco and Congo, dominant NE-SW ductile shear zones acted as limits of mobile crustal blocks on both sides of the Gulf of Guinea. This gondwanian assemblage was reworked during the installation of the West and Central African rift system under the effects of a generalized distension which led to the opening of the Equatorial domain of the South Atlantic. Phanerozoic basins became oriented according to the inherited gondwanian mega-discontinuities along which brittle tectonics was most prominent. After an initial pre-rift deformation from Late Jurassic to Eo-Cretaceous, three principal tectono-sedimentary phases in the Benue Trough and the Northeast Brazilian basins have been shown— an eo-rift phase (Neocomian to Early Barremian) of extensional brittle tectonics and basin initiation— a syn-rift I phase (Barremian to Middle Albian) of crustal stretching, local block tilting and basin installation; associated synchronous basaltic magmatism with transitional affinities is characteristic of intracontinental distensive zones. This is the period of the Medio-African and NE-Brazilian Cretaceous Great Lakes; a syn-rift II phase (Late Albian-Early Cenomanian) of a probable crustal surextension related to regional tilting. The above evolutionary stages apply to the Equatorial domain of the South Atlantic (NE Brazil, Cameroon, Nigeria up to the Ivory Coast) deformed during the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous. This domain represented the final gondwanian link between the Central and South Atlantic. The new evidences of well dated polyphased intra-plate deformations are contrary to the earlier views of rigid plates in the context of continental reconstructions to obtain the pre-drift fit, different from the pre-rift one. Reconsidering the scenario of the South Atlantic opening through the geological record of its continental margins, it can be noted that the axial rift propagates from the South towards the North within successive domains (Austral, Tropical and Equatorial). The continental rifting-drifting processes were thus reproduced in the adjoining domain every 20 Ma. At the limit, transfer fault zones oriented NE-SW (with Africa in its present position) accomodate a differential deformation between each domain. In the Benue Trough, a strike-slip sinistral movement with a displacement of several tens of kilometres has been estimated along a similar NE-SW direction. The trough represents the abandoned arm of a RRF triple junction which acted at the time of the refraction of the Southern South Atlantic opening into the E-W domain of the Gulf of Guinea. The present features of the African and South American continents appeared as from the uppermost Albian to Lower Cenomanian times of final crustal disruption followed by a progressive separation of the land masses along the strike-slip equatorial margins.

  4. Communique: Special Issue on the International Network for Cooperation in Northern Science Created at a Meeting held in Edmonton, Alberta (October 12-15, 1982). Summary of Discussions and Agreements Reached = Numero special sur le Reseau Scientifique Internationale pour le Nord cree a la reunion tenue a Edmonton, Alberta (du 12 au 15 octobre 1982). Resume des discussions et accords conclus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Communique, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Delegations from Canada, Finland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, and the United States agreed to the establishment of a network for cooperation among individuals engaged in problems peculiar to the circumpolar North. The Northern Science Network, established within the Unesco Man and the Biosphere Program, consists of three themes: studies on the…

  5. "The Right To Speak Irish": representation de la langue gaelique en tant qu'enjeu de mobilisation militante en Irlande du Nord ("The Right To Speak Irish": Representation of the Gaelic Language as a Catalyst for Militant Activism in Northern Ireland).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Viviane

    2000-01-01

    The Irish language movement in Northern Ireland was formed in the 1970s. Pragmatic and symbolic implications of this minority language revival considerably evolved, reflecting and depending on important political changes happening in this European province. This article focuses on the representation of Irish language and the most recent strategy…

  6. Séquences de dépôt à l'articulation plate-forme urgonienne bassin (intervalle Barrémien Albien) dans le Prébalkan occidental (Bulgarie du Nord-Ouest)Depositional sequences at the Urgonian platform/basin transition (Barremian Albian interval) in the western Fore-Balkan (northwest Bulgaria).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peybernès, Bernard; Ivanov, Marin; Nikolov, Todor; Ciszak, Richard; Stoykova, Kristalina

    2000-04-01

    In the western Fore-Balkan (northwest Bulgaria), the characterization of numerous depositional sequences within the Barremian-Albian interval allows us to reconstruct from southeast to northwest the successive palaeogeographies of this part of the north Tethyan margin: two carbonate (Urgonian) platforms flanking a central terrigenous basin during the Barremian; a single centrifugal terrigenous basin (Aptian) marked, along its axis, by an olistostrome and siliciclastic turbidites; a single Albian basin characterized by the stacking of glauconite-rich condensation sections and anoxic black marls.

  7. Caractérisation géométrique et cinématique des structures liées aux phases compressives de l'Éocène au Quaternaire inférieur en Tunisie : exemple de la Tunisie nord-orientale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mzali, Houcem; Zouari, Hédi

    2006-08-01

    During Eocene to Early Quaternary period, three compressive tectonic phases are recognized in Northeast Tunisia: a NW-SE to north-south phase during the Late Eocene, a N120-to-N140 phase in the Late Miocene, and a NW-SE to north-south phase in the Plio-Early Quaternary. The first Eocene phase has built NE-SW folds and remobilised east-west-to-N120 and NE-SW faults with a reverse component. The second Miocene phase is characterized by east-west-to-N120 faults with a normal component and NE-SW folds. The third phase occurred during the Plio-Early Quaternary has edified NE-SW folds associated with east-west-to-N120 dextral reverse strike-slip faults and NE-SW faults with a reverse component. To cite this article: H. Mzali, H. Zouari, C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).

  8. Sur les inocérames de Tercis (Landes, France) : le meilleur outil corrélatif entre Europe et Amérique du Nord autour de la limite Campanien MaastrichtienInoceramids of the site of Tercis (Landes, France): the best correlative tool between Europe and North America across the Campanian Maastrichtian boundary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Odin, Gilles Serge; Walaszczyk, Ireneusz

    2003-01-01

    Four hundred inoceramids have been collected in the geological site at Tercis, where the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary has been recently defined. At Tercis, a distinct drop of the adult size of inoceramids is observed between levels 111 and 117 and two turnovers of faunal composition were documented between levels 94 and 96 and between levels 111 and 117; the latter interval encompasses the stage boundary. The recognised inoceramid assemblages are very close to those known from North America, allowing better correlation than before between the two domains in the interval 77-70 Ma. The presence of these faunas perfectly located in the section leads to consider the Tercis section as the best known reference for this fossil group, the surprisingly good correlative potential of which has still to be considered in many areas.

  9. L'olistostrome coniacien de Lordat (Pyrénées ariégeoises) et son équivalent latéral de Vicdessos, témoins d'un nouveau bassin d'avant-pays au front nord de la Haute Chaîne Primaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peybernès, Bernard; Fondecave-Wallez, Marie-José; Eichène, Paule

    By means of new datings and grade-datings founded on planktonic Foraminifera, ponctually identified in spite of a Campanian epimetamorphism, the extention of the Coniacian sub-basin of Lordat (« Zone des Écailles Bordières » , Ariège),partly calciturbiditic, is doubled indeed tripled at the expense of formations previously assigned to Paleozoic (particularly the ex-'Paleozoic slice of Lordat'). These last ones are only represented by very large size olistolites redeposited within a thick olistostrome (Lordat castle, Saint-Pierre hermitage), itself included within a monoclinal succession with calcareous intercalations, regarded as a probable equivalent of the 'Fucoïd flysch'. This épimetamorphic series also exists, more to the North, beyond the marbles of the Internal Metamorphic Zone, as it is evidenced by the Upper Cretaceous age assigned to the ex-Paleozoic slice of Carmilles directly overthrust by the North-pyrenean hercynian massif of Saint-Barthelemy. More to the West, the Vicdessos sub-basin is regarded as a lateral extension of the Lordat one ; it consists of a thick monoclinal Coniacian series and not of a large 'synclinorium' subdivided by Urgo-Aptian anticlines which correspond, in reality, to calcareous intercalations within the Upper Cretaceous normal succession. The herein studied terrigenous complex of Lordat-Vicdessos, partly turbiditic, is composed by, at least, two 3rd order tectono-sedimentary sequences, A and B, marking the successive infilling of foreland synsedimentary synclines supplied (olistolites) by the probably submarine erosion of the Northward migrating front of the High Primary Range (induced by successive synsedimentary probably blind overthrusts). This model of foreland sub-basin fits in perfectly with the evolutional sheme of an interplaque bivergent range, in compression during Upper Cretaceous, where followed along a N-S palinspastic section reconstructed during Coniacian, on the two sides of the future High Primary Range, at least two sub-basins linked to the European Plate (Lordat-Vicdessos and Nalzen I) and one sub-basin (San Gervas) linked to the Iberian Plate.

  10. Possible presence of some human remains of the Wadjak type found at Cau Giat (Quynh Luu Bay, North Vietnam)Présence probable de formes de type Wadjak dans la baie fossile de Quyhn Luu au Nord Viêt-nam sur le site de Cau Giat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demeter, Fabrice; Peyre, Evelyne; Coppens, Yves

    2000-03-01

    French archaeologists have known the Cau Giat site, excavated by Mrs Colani and Mr Pajot, since 1930. Many artefacts and human remains have been found, but human fossil material has long been lost and forgotten. However, the study of rediscovered fossil material highlights some morphological aspects that allow consideration of a human presence resembling the Wadjak in North Vietnam. Recognition of particular characters of the Wadjak type, outside Indonesia, leads to the hypothesis of the existence of migratory ways or diffusion between the Indonesian islands and the Eurasiatic continent.