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1

Energy Conservation Analysis  

E-print Network

orientation. Another feature is the ability to separate the building lnd hv m-df7n rlmm.=nfm Pnnh --n to input i reading on :merit alone. mf section) useful to the :Uve on the !lass area or s, pulldown ~ts on data wng review The Energy Policy Act... orientation. Another feature is the ability to separate the building lnd hv m-df7n rlmm.=nfm Pnnh --n to input i reading on :merit alone. mf section) useful to the :Uve on the !lass area or s, pulldown ~ts on data wng review The Energy Policy Act...

Clark, W. H.

1994-01-01

2

Analysis of Energy Conservation in Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we use the Erlang theory to quantitatively analyse the trade offs between energy conservation and quality of service in an ad-hoc wireless sensor network. Nodes can be either sleeping, where no transmission or reception can occur, or awake where traffic is processed. Increasing the proportion of time spent in the sleeping state will decrease throughput and increase

Quang Gao; Keith J. Blow; David J. Holding; Ian W. Marshall

2005-01-01

3

Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings  

SciTech Connect

Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) were mandated by the Energy Conservation Standards for New Buildings Act of 1976 (Title III of Energy Conservation and Production Act) to promote energy efficiency and the use of renewable resources in new buildings. The report analyzes alternative Federal strategies and their component policy instruments and recommends a strategy for achieving the goals of the Act. The concern is limited to space conditioning (heating, cooling, and lighting) and water heating. The policy instruments considered include greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are then described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) BEPS with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings. (MCW)

Fang, J.M.; Tawil, J.J.

1980-12-01

4

Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The policy instruments considered include: greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings.

Fang, J. M.; Tawil, J.

1980-12-01

5

Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai  

E-print Network

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Co ntrol Systems for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. V-6-4 Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai Chen Chen Yiqun Pan Zhizhong...ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Co ntrol Systems for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. V-6-4 Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai Chen Chen Yiqun Pan Zhizhong...

Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

2006-01-01

6

an analysis of transportation energy conservation projects in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrialized countries have extensive experience with various transportation energy conservation measures and have been making steady progress in improving the efficiency of their transport sector. Less Developed Countries (LDCs) have also been making progress, but their experience in many aspects of transportation energy conservation is very limited. Development organizations have funded many transportation projects in developing countries, but the vast

Jeffry J. Erickson; David L. Greene; Alberto J. Sabadell

1988-01-01

7

Conserving energy in new buildings: Analysis of nonregulatory policies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nonregulatory program alternatives identified are: information and education programs, tax incentives and disincentives, and mortage and finance programs. Surveys data to assess present public awareness of energy issues and energy-efficient building design were reviewed. Homebuyer and homebuilder surveys were reviewed and conservation motivations are discussed. The provision of technical and economic information to various factors affecting building design decisions were examined. This approach assumes that the economic incentives and technical means to achieve energy conservation goals already exist but that critical information is lacking.

Scheer, R. M.; Nieves, L. A.; Mazzucchi, R. P.

1981-05-01

8

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Conservation High Temperature Hot Water Line ReplacementHigh Temperature Hot Water Line ReplacementEnergy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C

Delgado, Mauricio

9

Conserving energy in new buildings: analysis of nonregulatory policies  

SciTech Connect

The costs and effectiveness of non-regulatory options relative to those of a regulatory approach are analyzed. Nonregulatory program alternatives identified are: information and education programs, tax incentives and disincentives, and mortage and finance programs. Chapter 2 briefly reviews survey data to assess present public awareness of energy issues and energy-efficient building design. Homebuyer and homebuilder surveys are reviewed and conservation motivations are discussed. Chapter 3 examines the provision of technical and economic information to various factors affecting building design decisions. This approach assumes that the economic incentives and technical means to achieve energy conservation goals already exist but that critical information is lacking. Chapter 4 examines how adjustments to the tax structure could enhance economic incentives and counter economic disincentives for energy conservation. Qualifying buildings for tax benefits would almost certainly require certification of design energy consumption. The effectiveness of tax incentives would depend in part on dissemination of public information regarding the incentives. Chapter 5 examines subsidies, such as subsidized mortgages and loan guarantees, which lower the cost of money or other costs but do not change the market structure facing the consumer. Certification that buildings qualify for such treatment would probably be required. Chapter 6 presents recommendations based on the study's findings. (MCW)

Scheer, R.M.; Nieves, L.A.; Mazzucchi, R.P.

1981-05-01

10

Promoting energy conservation: An analysis of behavioral research  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews and analyzes the past ten years of research on changing the energy-related behavior of individuals. It reviews the results of about 200 studies and presents them in a form usable by program designers, researchers, and auditors in the field. The book discusses the effectiveness of ways to change people's behavior to save more energy, e.g., to get them to recycle, carpool, or turn down the thermostat. The book analyzes three ways to motivate people to change their behavior: antecedent communications, consequences, and social influences. Antecedent communications are sent to people before they make energy conservation decisions, and include information, prompts, and persuasion. Techniques that change the consequences of acting in a certain way include feedback, incentives, and disincentives. Social influence techniques include group contingencies (rewards predicated on the behavior of a group of people, rather than one individual), demonstrations of ways to conserve energy, and solicitations of individual commitments to conserve. Katzev and Johnson derive lessons from the research on each type of technique.

Katzev, R.D.; Johnson, T.R.

1987-01-01

11

Foundry energy conservation workbook  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

Not Available

1990-12-31

12

Energy: Conservation, Energy Briefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive energy conservation program at College of the Holy Cross has saved nearly one-third of the fuel oil and one-fifth of the electricity used at the college; briefs on boilers, lights, design. (Author/MLF)

Nation's Schools and Colleges, 1975

1975-01-01

13

Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries  

E-print Network

1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes, but not with adoption of energy-efficient technologies. Household characteristics also influence household energy use behavior. Younger household cohorts are more likely to adopt energy-efficient technologies and energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

2009-05-01

15

School Energy Management: An Analysis of Energy Conservation Measures under the Schools and Hospitals Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes a 1981 survey of public school districts receiving energy conservation measure (ECM) grants under the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, Title III, Cycle 1. The report contains charts of data, analyses of projects, and sections presenting study design, data treatment, findings, and conclusions. The survey's purpose was…

Hansen (Shirley J.) Associates, Inc., Lake Jackson, TX.

16

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center  

E-print Network

The Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features, including a photovoltaic system, solar hot water system, energy efficient lighting, and energy efficient heat...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01

17

Energy consumption and conservation psychology: A review and conceptual analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The burgeoning literature devoted to “the psychology of energy consumption” is categorized by specific methodological approach, is critically reviewed, and is conceptually analyzed. Three main categories of energy research are discerned, these categories corresponding to the traditional methodological typology of the survey study, the field experiment, and the laboratory investigation. For each of these major approaches, several subcategories and special

Glenn Shippee

1980-01-01

18

Water & Energy Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Water & Energy Conservation Plan View of PGI construction and retention pond, Sitapura Industrial that India and the college both face. Within, plans are made for the conservation of water and energy of water and energy consumption on PGC's campuses and makes recommendations for increased conservation

Illinois at Chicago, University of

19

Energy Conservation Through Utility Systems Transient Response Analysis  

E-print Network

Utility systems stability is essential for energy efficient operation of a large industrial complex. Analyses have been made of the transient responses of the steam and instrument air systems to various upsets that might occur. This effort...

Sorotzkin, J.

1981-01-01

20

Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home  

E-print Network

Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home Undergraduate Research Fellowship Award offered by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center at Virginia Tech reports and information on site specific costs and requirements. David Mitchem, Water Center Water Quality

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

21

Investigating the Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Video Analysis: Four Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inexpensive video analysis technology now enables students to make precise measurements of an object's position at incremental times during its motion. Such capability now allows users to "examine", rather than simply "assume", energy conservation in a variety of situations commonly discussed in introductory physics courses. This article describes…

Bryan, J. A.

2010-01-01

22

Energy conservation and solar retrofit analysis of a large office building  

SciTech Connect

During the winter and spring of 1981, a technical energy conservation and solar analysis of the JFK Federal Office Building in Boston was conducted. To reduce the building's energy consumption of a total of nineteen Energy Conservation Measures (ECM's) were analyzed. Among the measures studied were: reduction of ventilation and supply air, central automation controls, programmable lighting, absorption chiller replacement, fenestration modification and heat recovery. The results of the analyse show that implementation of all recommended ECM's would reduce energy consumption by 50% from a raw source Annual Energy Index (AEI) of 33.9 x 10/sup 8/ J/m/sup 2/ (299 MBtu/sf) to 17.2 10/sup 8/ j/m/sup 2/ (152 MBtu/sf). This relates to a savings of approximately $950,000 annually at April 1981 energy costs for a total construction cost of three million dollars.

Arasteh, D.; Hepner, M.

1981-01-01

23

Physics and Energy Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunities abound to conserve energy. Losses, many of them avoidable or potentially capable of large reduction, occur all the way from energy resource extraction to ultimate use. Other presentations in this conference touch on ways to conserve energy by increased efficiencies in the energy cycle up to the point of use. Some of the greatest scientific challenges lie in this

John H. Gibbons

1974-01-01

24

TVA and energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The historical philosophy of ''plentiful energy at the cheapest possible price...'' has made the Tennessee Valley Authority's energy conservation program passive. Rate schedules offer no incentive to customers to conserve energy except to lower their total bill. TVA, unlike other utilities, can change its rates and rate structure without approval from a public regulatory agency. Years of low energy prices

1976-01-01

25

(Symposium on energy conservation)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended the International Energy Conservation Symposium and presented a paper on the integrated resource planning project in Costa Rica being conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and RCG/Hagler-Bailly, Inc., in conjunction with US AID. The Symposium was organized primarily to promote awareness of energy conservation opportunities in Pakistan. The Symposium was well attended by over 470 people the vast majority of whom were from Pakistan. The symposium included sessions on policy issues, national experiences in energy conservation, energy conservation in the industrial sector, energy conservation in buildings and agriculture, energy conservation in the power sector, and prospective technologies in energy systems. The symposium had a great deal of political support including a keynote address by the Minister of State for Production, a closing session with the Governor of Sindh, and the majority of sessions being chaired by senior industry or government representatives.

Kuliasha, M.A.

1990-05-25

26

Cost-Effect Analysis of the Japanese Steel Industry's Energy Conservation Measures (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese steel industry accounts for 10% of Japan's energy consumption, and therefore the success or failure of that industry's energy conservation measures is of the greatest importance in any discussion of energy and environmental issues, including global climate change issues. This paper makes an objective, quantitative assessment, based on public statistics, of the state of progress of energy conservation

KAINOU Kazunari

2006-01-01

27

Rural Energy-Conservation Program  

SciTech Connect

The Rural Energy Conservation Program is a Cooperative Extension Service educational program stressing improved energy efficiency and encouraging a self-help atmosphere among rural and small town residents. Included here are program promotion materials, project schedules, workshop agendas, heat loss and home insulation analysis worksheets, program evaluation worksheets, heating system analysis materials, and client interview data sheets. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-01-01

28

Models for residential- and commercial-sector energy-conservation analysis: applications, limitations, and future potential. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews four of the major models used by the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy conservation analyses in the residential- and commercial-building sectors. The objective is to provide a critical analysis of how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. For this, the study brings together information on the models' analytical structure and their strengths and limitations in policy applications these are then employed to assess the most-effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy-conservation policy and analysis. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

Cole, Henry E.; Fullen, Robert E.

1980-09-01

29

Communication and energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

Surveys of homeowners in two Wisconsin communities examined the relationship of media use to a set of cognitive, attitudinal, and behavioral components of energy conservation. The perceived importance of the energy issue was associated with media use in both communities. In addition, this relationship was stronger the more energy related the communication variable. Communication did not, however, relate consistently to energy behavior. Utility pamphlets had opposite relationships with energy conservation across communities. It is suggested that conservation campaigns must take into account the communication and energy use environment of specific groups of consumers, and that research into the impact of mass media on energy issue salience is particularly important in times of energy ''gluts.''

McLeod, J.M.; Glynn, C.J.; Griffin, R.J.

1987-01-01

30

Designing for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alief Independent School District, Texas, has been successful in obtaining energy efficient designs for its new schools by developing energy goals prior to the selection of architects and engineers. Features of four projects designed to conserve energy are described. (Author/MLF)

Estes, R. C.

1979-01-01

31

Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-12-31

32

Mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy.  

SciTech Connect

In the past decade, a great deal of effort has been focused in research and development of versatile robotic ground vehicles without understanding their performance in a particular operating environment. As the usage of robotic ground vehicles for intelligence applications increases, understanding mobility of the vehicles becomes critical to increase the probability of their successful operations. This paper describes a framework based on conservation of energy to predict the maximum mobility of robotic ground vehicles over general terrain. The basis of the prediction is the difference between traction capability and energy loss at the vehicle-terrain interface. The mission success of a robotic ground vehicle is primarily a function of mobility. Mobility of a vehicle is defined as the overall capability of a vehicle to move from place to place while retaining its ability to perform its primary mission. A mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy is described in this document. The tool is a graphical user interface application. The mobility analysis tool has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. The tool is at an initial stage of development. In the future, the tool will be expanded to include all vehicles and terrain types.

Spletzer, Barry Louis; Nho, Hyuchul C.; Salton, Jonathan Robert

2007-08-01

33

Quantitative Policy Evaluation of the Energy-Conservation Judgement Standards Regulations for Commercial Buildings under the Energy Conservation Act in Japan by Cost-benefit Analysis (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the measures employed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry to address energy and environmental problems is to lay down, based on the Act Concerning the Rational Use of Energy (Energy Conservation Act), judgement standards for the energy consumption efficiency of buildings within Japan that are either newly built

KAINOU Kazunari

2007-01-01

34

Energy Conservation (Bernoulli's Equation)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Chiang Shih's Thermal-Fluids I course at the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering combines "the traditional thermal disciplines in Thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics." This PowerPoint presentation, from Shih's lecture notes, illustrates Benoulli's Equation and energy conservation. Along with mathematical equations, there are also a number of illustrations and examples which show the concepts discussed.

Shih, Chiang

2008-09-24

35

Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

Presley, Michael H.; And Others

36

Energy conservation in museums  

SciTech Connect

An overall assessment of energy conservation in museums in New York is made in view of the special environmental considerations involved. The special relative humidity, temperature, and lighting requirements of museums were studied extensively. An energy consumption data base was formed with actual energy use data obtained from over fifty institutions across the state. The computerized energy consumption data base compiled covers an extremely wide range of energy usage levels. On-site energy consumption ranged from approximately 20,000 to 400,000 Btu/ft/sup 2/ year. The data base includes small rural institutions and large metropolitan museums, historic and modern structures, seasonal and year-round museums, single buildings and collections of buildings, single-story buildings and multiple-story buildings, an aquarium, and a zoo. Thus, it is difficult to identify trends in the energy consumption data and to make correlations with such parameters as age, type, size, etc. Walk-through or mini energy audits were performed on ten museums located in various parts of New York State. This project also included a thorough study of all potential funding sources to which museums can apply for financing energy conservation measures. Sources of technical assistance and information were also identified. (MCW)

Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

1980-07-01

37

Analysis of the impacts of energy conservation codes in new single-family homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the 50 states some form of federal code or standard for energy conservation in new building construction is typically incorporated into state and local codes. Two of these codes, the Model Energy Code (MEC) and the proposed ASHRAE standard 90.2P are of special importance to the residential data base developed by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) because they influence

R. L. Ritschard; J. W. Hanford; A. O. Sezgen

1992-01-01

38

Industrial Energy Conservation Technology  

SciTech Connect

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 55 papers presented in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 18 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

39

Industrial energy conservation technology  

SciTech Connect

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 60 papers included in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 21 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

Schmidt, P.S.; Williams, M.A. (eds.)

1980-01-01

40

Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Institute (TTI) has been committed to reducing energy consumption, conserving water and recycling since and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuelEnergy Management and Conservation Plan December 2005 #12;Texas Transportation Institute December

41

Energy Conservation Code Decoded  

SciTech Connect

Designing an energy-efficient, affordable, and comfortable home is a lot easier thanks to a slime, easier to read booklet, the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), published in March 2006. States, counties, and cities have begun reviewing the new code as a potential upgrade to their existing codes. Maintained under the public consensus process of the International Code Council, the IECC is designed to do just what its title says: promote the design and construction of energy-efficient homes and commercial buildings. Homes in this case means traditional single-family homes, duplexes, condominiums, and apartment buildings having three or fewer stories. The U.S. Department of Energy, which played a key role in proposing the changes that resulted in the new code, is offering a free training course that covers the residential provisions of the 2006 IECC.

Cole, Pam C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

2006-09-01

42

Apparatus for Investigating Momentum and Energy Conservation With MBL and Video Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the development and use of a laboratory setup that is appropriate for computer-aided student investigation of the principles of conservation of momentum and mechanical energy in collisions. The setup consists of two colliding carts on a low-friction track, with one of the carts (the target) attached to a spring, whose extension or compression takes the place of the

Elizabeth George; Jesus Vazquez-Abad

1998-01-01

43

Energy conservation: its nature, hidden benefits, and hidden barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report discusses various definitions of energy conservation and efficiency of energy utilization. The roles of physical analysis as well as economic analysis are related, and it is suggested that energy conservation is the economic and technical procedure of optimizing energy-using systems based on present and future costs to provide greater output for lower energy inputs. Energy conservation is thus

Schipper

1976-01-01

44

Energy conservation and analysis and evaluation. [specifically at Slidell Computer Complex  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The survey assembled and made recommendations directed at conserving utilities and reducing the use of energy at the Slidell Computer Complex. Specific items included were: (1) scheduling and controlling the use of gas and electricity, (2) building modifications to reduce energy, (3) replacement of old, inefficient equipment, (4) modifications to control systems, (5) evaluations of economizer cycles in HVAC systems, and (6) corrective settings for thermostats, ductstats, and other temperature and pressure control devices.

1976-01-01

45

National energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A set of energy conservation actions that cut across all sectors of the economy were analyzed so that all actions under consideration be analyzed systematically and as a whole. The actions considered were as follows: (1) roll back the price of newly discovered oil, (2) freeze gasoline production for 3 years at 1972 levels, (3) mandate automobile mileage improvements, (4) require industry to improve energy efficiency, (5) require manufacture of household appliances with greater efficiency, (6) force conversion of many power plants from gas and oil to coal. The results showed that considerable gas and oil would be saved by forcing switches to coal. However, the large scale switch to coal was shown to require greatly increased outputs from many other industries that in turn require more energy. It was estimated that nearly 2.5 quads of additional coal were needed to produce these additional requirements. Also, the indirect requirements would create more jobs.

1975-01-01

46

Ambient intelligence for energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home energy savings and low CO2 emissions are indispensable against global warming. This paper proposes a home energy conservation support system by using ubiquitous sensors. This system encourages energy conservation to the residents by indicating the non-energy conservation activities and the estimated loss money. This system is composed by human activities and environment monitoring system and energy-saving advice system. Human

Keisuke Kobayashi; Mina Tsukahara; Akira Tokumasu; Kousuke Okuyama; Kouhei Saitou; Yasushi Nakauchi

2011-01-01

47

Residential energy use and conservation actions: Analysis of disaggregate household data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Energy Information Administration recently published data collected from the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey (NIECS). NIECS includes detailed information on 4081 individual households; demographic characteristics, energy related features of the structure, heating equipment and appliances, conservation actions taken by the household, and fuel consumption and cost for the April 1978 to March 1979 one year period. The NIECS data on household energy consumption - total energy use, electricity use, and use of the primary space heating fuel, are summarized and analyzed. The regression equations constructed explain roughly half the variation in energy use among households. These equations contain ten or fewer independent variables, the most important of which are fuel price, year house was built, floor area, and heating degree days. Regression equations were developed that estimate the energy saving achieved by each household based on their recent retrofit actions.

Hirst, E.; Goeltz, R.; Carney, J.

1981-03-01

48

The politics of energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a decade of debate about U.S. energy policy, the two political parties reached consensus that conservation is needed to achieve energy efficiency and to ensure adequate future supplies. But what is the most effective spur to energy conservation. In this book, Pietro S. Nivola argues that basic pricing reform in all energy sectors, though politically controversial, should be the

Nivola

1986-01-01

49

Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

. Due to this fact, BAF started a corporation wide energy reduction program in 1999. The program was one full time project engineer focused only on energy reduction projects. This approach, called project based energy conservation, worked well for about...

Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

50

Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Addition to Records Storage Building  

E-print Network

, and implementing the proposed ASHRAE standards. Finally, the energy consumption of the building was compared with the energy consumption of the building with solar film and other options which conformed to the proposed ASHRAE energy standard. SUMMARY The energy..., reducing the light level to 1.8 w/sf, use of solar film on the skylights and windows,- and changing the indoor temperature from 75 to 7 8. These options will not only reduce the peak loads but also reduce the total energy. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION The cost...

Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

1986-01-01

51

Analysis of the impacts of energy conservation codes in new single-family homes  

SciTech Connect

Within the 50 states some form of federal code or standard for energy conservation in new building construction is typically incorporated into state and local codes. Two of these codes, the Model Energy Code (MEC) and the proposed ASHRAE standard 90.2P are of special importance to the residential data base developed by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) because they influence thermal requirements and have either been recently updated or will be revised in 1992. In this study, we evaluate the impacts of these two thermal codes on the energy performance and energy consumption of prototypical new single-family buildings. Base case buildings, with characteristics typical of current building practices, are modified to meet the thermal envelope standards and are simulated with the DOE-2.1D building energy simulation program. In addition, we also model the effects of appliance and heating and cooling equipment efficiencies promulgated under the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) of 1987 and of the NAECA Amendments of 1988. We compare heating and cooling loads and energy use for the prototypical house for several cases: the base case, with 1980s vintage thermal envelope and appliance and equipment efficiencies; with ASHRAE 90 thermal requirements; with Model Energy Code thermal requirements; with NAECA appliance and HVAC efficiencies; and with combinations of the ASHRAE 90 Standard or Model Energy Code and the NAECA appliance and equipment efficiency improvements. The results provide a glimpse of how these standards will affect future end-use energy consumption in new single-family buildings.

Ritschard, R.L.; Hanford, J.W.; Sezgen, A.O.

1992-12-01

52

Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one ...

Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee)

1996-01-01

53

Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Option for the Warehouse Facility at the Human Services Center Complex  

E-print Network

Facility. Lighting The peak lighting levels were estimated to be 2.0 w/sf in office areas. The lighting level in warehouse areas is 1.0 w/sf. The lighting system for the entire building will be the fluorescent 34 watt miser lamps with energy saving ballasts... Facility. Lighting The peak lighting levels were estimated to be 2.0 w/sf in office areas. The lighting level in warehouse areas is 1.0 w/sf. The lighting system for the entire building will be the fluorescent 34 watt miser lamps with energy saving ballasts...

Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

1986-01-01

54

An analysis of International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)-compliant single-family residential energy use  

E-print Network

properties of 8" block with perlite fill...................................................... 124 Table 4.21 Thermal properties of 8" block with perlite and concrete fill................................. 125 Table 4.22 Thermal properties of 8" block... with perlite fill...................................................... 127 x Page Table 4.23 Thermal properties of 8" block with perlite and concrete filled............................. 128 Table 4.24 Simulation scheme for window analysis...

Kim, Seongchan

2009-06-02

55

Cooling Towers, Energy Conservation Machines  

E-print Network

Cooling towers, in all too many industrial plants, are often the neglected units of the process chain which are hidden bonanzas for energy conservation and dollar savings. By lowering the entire systems temperature by the use of colder water...

Burger, R.

1980-01-01

56

Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Optimization  

E-print Network

Energy conservation strategies involve more than examination of fan horsepower. Colder water and pumping head provide vast savings potentials. What is dollar value of 1°F in your process? What is dollar cost of pumping water to distribution system...

Burger, R.

57

Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Energy Conservation and Greenhouse Gas Management Solutions  

E-print Network

) algorithm. The Cogeneration Design System examines corporate energy use in multiple plants and determines from greenhouse gas emissions. It uses sequential layer analysis to evaluates each plant's current relations for the plants entered and stored in the Access database using interactive data forms. Also

Pike, Ralph W.

58

The Thermodynamics of Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

they relate to energy conser vation. Some simple examples of how they are used to analyze energy conservation systems will be presented. The use of device efficiencies will be ex plained. Turbine expansions and other com monly encountered calcul... conservation situations. We shall not derive equations based on these laws because such derivations are common place in all elementary thermodynamics texts, see for example [1,2J. FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS The first law of thermodynamics is the rela...

Witte, L. C.

59

Residential Energy Conservation Forum  

SciTech Connect

A public forum for homeowners on how to reduce energy usage in the home. Representatives from Long Island Power Authority, Renewable Energy Long Island, and BNL explored alternative energy solutions for the home, analyzing energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental-friendliness. Some of the technologies discussed include solar panels, Energy Star-certified products, and modern wood-burning stoves.

2008-06-26

60

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program  

E-print Network

. The third than one year. These are simple paybacks and dOl' group consists of Non-Energy Saving ECOs. As the not consider the time value of money. Tabl. 1 Su_ary ot Annual Energy Consumption and Cost Oat_ ot the 15 Manutacturing Plants Audited... for 55% of the total annual electrical energy savings, 67% of total annual gas savings, 41% of the monthly reduction in demand, and 49% Su_ary ot Elect dcal Energy teos En.rqy C??and Total No. of Energy Energy Cost Oemand Cost Cost Iapl???n- Siaple...

Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

61

Consumers' Attitudes Toward Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the finding that there are not strong links between energy-related attitudes and behaviors such as conservation support and actions. Proposes that appropriate energy-related attitudes and beliefs may constitute a necessary but not sufficient condition for appropriate energy-related behaviors. (Author/MK)

Olsen, Marvin E.

1981-01-01

62

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program  

E-print Network

Tenth Annual INDUSTRIAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE September 13-15, 1988 Adam's Mark Hotel Houston, Texas W.D.Turner Conference Director Technical Program Director Susan K. Gibson Proceedings Editor TEES Information Services Graphics & Layout... is on an appropriate rate schedule. 245 Esl-PA-88-09-03 Reprinted with permission form the Tenth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference September 13-15, 1988. Each energy audit takes six to eight hours (or more), and is performed by an audit team consisting...

Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

63

Energy conservation via solar energy applications to multi-family and commercial structures. Volume 3: An energy, engineering and economic analysis of heating and cooling systems for multi-family structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy analysis was made for a multi family apartment model involving the heating, cooling, lumination and miscellaneous equipments energy consumption. The analysis compared various heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems with and without solar assistance to determine their merits on the basis of energy conservation and economic value. An electric resistance heating and electric air conditioning system were utilized

W. S. Fleming; T. Bender; T. Jagusztyn; P. Parkman; D. Sweetser

1977-01-01

64

Energy conservation via solar energy application to multi-family and commercial structures. Volume III. An energy, engineering and economic analysis of heating and cooling systems for multi-family structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy analysis was made for a multi-family apartment model involving the heating, cooling, lumination and miscellaneous equipments energy consumption. The analysis compares various heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems with and without solar assistance to determine their merits on the basis of energy conservation and economic value. An electric resistance heating and electric air conditioning system were utilized

W. S. Fleming; T. Bender; T. Jagusztyn; P. Parkman; D. Sweetser

1977-01-01

65

Foundry energy conservation workbook  

SciTech Connect

The foundry industry is a significant user of energy, and therefore, a natural candidate for efforts to save energy and improve efficiency by both governmental agencies and technical/trade associations. These efforts are designed to both improve the national energy position and improve the industry's efficiency and profitability. Increased energy cost and the reduced availability of fossil fuels at certain times have provided the incentive to curb waste and to utilize purchased energy wisely. Energy costs now approach and sometimes exceed 10% of the sales dollar of many foundries. Although energy use by foundries has gradually decreased on a per/ton basis in recent years, the foundry industry must continue to find ways to utilize energy more efficiently. This workbook provides ways to achieve this goal.

Not Available

1990-01-01

66

Household Energy Conservation and Efficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students complete three different activities to evaluate the energy consumption in a household and explore potential ways to reduce that consumption. The focus is on conservation and energy efficient electrical devices and appliances.The lesson reinforces the relationship between power and energy and associated measurements and calculations required to evaluate energy consumption. The lesson provides students with more concrete information for completing their culminating unit assignment.

Office Of Educational Partnerships

67

Evaluation and Analysis of GreenHDFS: A Self-Adaptive, Energy-Conserving Variant of the Hadoop Distributed File System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a detailed evaluation and sensitivity analysis of an energy-conserving, highly scalable variant of the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) called Green-HDFS. Green HDFS logically divides the servers in a Hadoop cluster into Hot and Cold Zones and relies on insightful data-classification driven energy-conserving data placement to realize guaranteed, substantially long periods(several days) of idleness in a significant subset

Rini T. Kaushik; Milind A. Bhandarkar; Klara Nahrstedt

2010-01-01

68

Qualifying Energy Conservation Bonds  

E-print Network

1Qualified Energy Construction Bonds (QECB’s) CATEE Conference December 18, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 • Originally authorized by the Energy Improvement & Extension... are QECB’s ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 • 70% of allocation must be for public use, 30% of allocation MAY be used for a private activity • Representative projects include school...

Briggs, J.

2013-01-01

69

Designing for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a description of the energy efficient designs for new schools in the Alief Independent School District of Houston, Texas. Exhibit A shows how four major school projects differ from conventional designs. Parameters and designs for heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and lighting are given. Twenty year projected energy costs and…

Estes, R. C.

70

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

2013-08-20

71

A Computer Analysis of Energy Use and Energy Conservation Options for a Twelve Story Office Building in Austin, Texas  

E-print Network

The energy use of the Travis Building at Austin, Texas was analyzed using the DOE 2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for the building as specified in the building plans and as operated by the personnel currently occupying...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.; Farad, M.

1986-01-01

72

LABORATORY I: CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND HEAT  

E-print Network

system as the copper and the water. If energy leaves the system, where does it go? 2. Using conservationLab I - 1 LABORATORY I: CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND HEAT In 1101 labs, you used conservation the principle of conservation of energy as a means of describing the behavior of a system when the internal

Minnesota, University of

73

Rotary actuator with energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy conserving air motor with rotary actuation includes a pair of cooperating different diameter pistons coaxially arranged and connected rigidly to one another by a central connecting member provided with spur gear section adaptable of receiving a meshing pinion assembled inside an elongated housing provided with a diffential diameter bore passing therethrough and adaptable of receiving inside a larger

Pauliukonis

1984-01-01

74

Energy Conservation in Sensor and  

E-print Network

Chapter 4 Energy Conservation in Sensor and Sensor-Actuator Networks Ivan Stojmenovic 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Homogeneous Sensor Networks Recent technological advances have enabled the development of low-cost, low-power, and multifunctional sensor devices. Large collections of these devices organized

Stojmenovic, Ivan

75

Recreation Planning for Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To conserve energy consumed by cars and to improve the environment by reducing air pollution caused by them, communities should develop and expand already existing urban parks so they will be attractive to potential users who can reach them by walking or bicyling. (JD)

Gold, Seymour M.

1977-01-01

76

Energy conservation in swine buildings  

SciTech Connect

Saving energy in confinement swine buildings can be achieved by conserving existing animal heat through both proper building construction and control of the environment. Environmental management practices considered include building insulation and modifications, heating and cooling system selection, ventilation system adjustments, and proper building temperature. (MCW)

Jones, D.D.; Friday, W.H.

1980-05-01

77

Selling Energy Conservation Projects to Top Management  

E-print Network

A guide to presenting proposals on Energy Conservation Projects by plant engineers to their top level management, in order to get approval for Energy Conservation Projects. Through the author's past experience he ascertained that many Energy...

Jonsson, K. A.

1983-01-01

78

34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616...Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a...maximize the efficient use of energy. (b) The following standards of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and...

2013-07-01

79

34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616...Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a...maximize the efficient use of energy. (b) The following standards of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and...

2010-07-01

80

34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616...Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a...maximize the efficient use of energy. (b) The following standards of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and...

2011-07-01

81

34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616...Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a...maximize the efficient use of energy. (b) The following standards of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and...

2012-07-01

82

24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section 242...Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2014-04-01

83

24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section 200... Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2013-04-01

84

24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section 242...Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2010-04-01

85

24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section 200... Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2014-04-01

86

24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section 242...Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2013-04-01

87

24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section 200... Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2012-04-01

88

24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section 242...Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2011-04-01

89

24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section 242...Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2012-04-01

90

24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section 200... Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall...

2011-04-01

91

Energy conservation is a waste  

SciTech Connect

Energy conservation is virtually always a bust. Governments around the world continually trot out new schemes to reduce energy use and promote efficiency. The prime American example of this futility is government regulation of automobile gas mileage. Prompted by the Arab oil embargo of 1973, Congress mandated a doubling of gas mileage. What happened? Gasoline consumption rose from 1973 to the 1990s, as the roads were flooded with energy-efficient cars. Huge sport-utility vehicles crowd parking lots, also thanks to more efficient engines. Conservation fails because it takes no account of economics of human nature. The combination of greater engine efficiency and rising disposable income has produced a true golden age of motoring. In the same way, what is saved by installing special light bulbs is often wasted on new hot tubs, exterior lighting and a host of other energy uses, as homeowners assume that their electric bills will drop off substantially. In spite of these and dozens of other clear failures, the claims for conservation to solve virtually all the national energy dilemmas continue. Few if any are valid. While each of us can reduce energy use in one or two areas, one finds that the nation gradually uses more.

Inhaber, H. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies

1998-07-01

92

Energy Consumption and Conservation Potential at a Georgia Textile Plant  

E-print Network

is air-conditioned, the plant is an intensive user of electricity, fossil fuel, and water. Following completion of the energy analysis, recommendations to conserve energy and water resources were developed. Potential energy savings of approximately thirty...

Gurta, M. E.; Brown, M. L.

93

75 FR 17036 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction AGENCY: Office of...energy conservation standards for small electric motors, which was published on March...energy conservation standards for small electric motors. Due to a drafting error,...

2010-04-05

94

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center, Final Summary Report  

E-print Network

The U.S.D.O.E. Forrestal Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features such as efficient lighting, a photovoltaic system, an energy management system, lighting...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1994-01-01

95

Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the research reported here is to analyze energy use trends for the entire economy and by end-use sector (residential, commercial, and industrial, and transportation). In particular, an examination of energy trends was undertaken for the period 1972 through 1982 to determine the magnitude of ''energy savings'' attributable to: (1) changes in economic activity; (2) efficiency improvements relative to the 1972 stock (including structures and capital equipment); and (3) efficiency improvements relative to 1960 to 1972 trends. In addition to identifying the measures of energy savings described above, the causes of efficiency improvement relative to 1972 are explored. For example, energy savings due to efficiency improvements in the residential sector are explained by such activities as changes in household size, migration, improved shell and appliance efficiencies, and increased wood use. For this research, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed a consistent methodology for analyzing energy use trends by end-use sector. Alternative measures of energy use trends (i.e., alternative base cases) were developed for the purpose of measuring energy savings. The energy use trends were calculated as the product of economic activity levels (number of households in the residential sector, square feet of floor space in the commercial sector, output in the industrial sector, and person-miles/ton-miles traveled in the transportation sector) and energy use intensities (energy use per household, energy use per square foot of commercial floor space, energy use per unit of industrial output, and energy use per mile traveled). Energy savings were then defined as differences between alternative estimates of energy use. Data and methods used to derive the alternative estimates are contained in a separate volume of this report (PNL-5026-App.).

Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

1985-06-01

96

Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects  

E-print Network

Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects A.Keller, S. Hughes, S. Bennett, M, the Metropolitan Water District, the California Urban Water Conservation Council, Santa Clara Valley Water District) as a result of energy and water conservation; ~ Determined total cost of implementing the conservation

Keller, Arturo A.

97

Aerial thermography for energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal infrared scanning from an aircraft is a convenient and commercially available means for determining relative rates of energy loss from building roofs. The need to conserve energy as fuel costs makes the mass survey capability of aerial thermography an attractive adjunct to community energy awareness programs. Background information on principles of aerial thermography is presented. Thermal infrared scanning systems, flight and environmental requirements for data acquisition, preparation of thermographs for display, major users and suppliers of thermography, and suggested specifications for obtaining aerial scanning services were reviewed.

Jack, J. R.

1978-01-01

98

California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission  

E-print Network

..,. "'- '-- "''-"'" CON-lOA:l4 California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission Nursing homes Children's homes Mental hospitals Mental sanitariums Jails Prisons Reformatories the Publications Unit of the Energy resources Conservation and Development Commission, 1111 Howe '-' Avenue

99

Identification of cost effective energy conservation measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In addition to a successful program of readily implemented conservation actions for reducing building energy consumption at Kennedy Space Center, recent detailed analyses have identified further substantial savings for buildings representative of technical facilities designed when energy costs were low. The techniques employed for determination of these energy savings consisted of facility configuration analysis, power and lighting measurements, detailed computer simulations and simulation verifications. Use of these methods resulted in identification of projected energy savings as large as $330,000 a year (approximately two year break-even period) in a single building. Application of these techniques to other commercial buildings is discussed

Bierenbaum, H. S.; Boggs, W. H.

1978-01-01

100

A compendium of energy conservation success stories  

SciTech Connect

Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office/endash/Energy Utilization Research/endash/sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

Not Available

1988-09-01

101

ECASTAR: Energy Conservation; an Assessment of Systems, Technologies and Requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology for a systems approach display and assessment of the potential for energy conservation actions and the impacts of those actions was presented. The U.S. economy is divided into four sectors: energy industry, industry, residential/commercial and transportation. Each sector is assessed with respect to energy conservation actions and impacts. The four sectors are combined and three strategies for energy conservation actions for the combined sectors are assessed. The three strategies (national energy conservation, electrification and diversification) represent energy conservation actions for the near term (now to 1985), the mid term (1985 to 2000) and the far term (2000 and beyond). The assessment procedure includes input/output analysis to bridge the flows between the sectors, and net economics and net energetics as performance criteria for the conservation actions. Targets of opportunity for large net energy net energy savings and the application of technology to achieve these savings are discussed.

1975-01-01

102

A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

with friction, Equation (3) p~ays an important role because Equations (4) and (5) are constant. From Equations (2), (3) and (6), the 783 ESL-IE-80-04-139 Proceedings from the Second Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 13-16, 1980... with friction, Equation (3) p~ays an important role because Equations (4) and (5) are constant. From Equations (2), (3) and (6), the 783 ESL-IE-80-04-139 Proceedings from the Second Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 13-16, 1980...

Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

1980-01-01

103

77 FR 22472 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies; Correction AGENCY...energy conservation standards for certain external power supplies to re-insert a table...conservation standards for all Class A external power supplies to meet. DATES:...

2012-04-16

104

36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.  

...2014-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36 Section 910...UNIFORM STANDARDS FOR URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN OF DEVELOPMENT...Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development...District of Columbia Energy Conservation Code Act of 1979 and its...

2014-07-01

105

Assessment of residential energy conservation programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a broad overview of programs that encourage residential energy conservation or provide services that result in energy conservation in residential space heating, space cooling, and water heating. These programs focus on residential buildings with one to four dwelling units. Energy conservation retrofits are a type of discretionary home improvement that may be a good investment but that

P. H. Kier; G. A. Ettinger; R. A. Hrabak; N. F. Jr. Kron; K. W. Suchy; J. F. Tschanz; I. M. Von Zuckerstein

1984-01-01

106

Thermal performance analysis according to wood flooring structure for energy conservation in radiant floor heating systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to reduce energy consumption, especially heating, in buildings. Improvements in the thermal conductivity of wood flooring, which was considered to decrease heating between floors and the indoor areas, were investigated. Wood flooring components such as solid-wood, high-density fiberboard (HDF), adhesives and polyethylene generally exhibit low thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivity and transfer performance of

Jungki Seo; Jisoo Jeon; Jeong-Hun Lee; Sumin Kim

2011-01-01

107

Analysis of Energy Conservation in Sensor Networks , K.J.Blow1  

E-print Network

spent in the sleeping state will decrease throughput and increase packet loss and delivery delay and quality of service in an ad-hoc wireless sensor network. Nodes can be either sleeping, where. However there is a complex relationship between sleeping time and energy consumption. Increasing

Kent, University of

108

Analysis of two allegations about the Tennessee Valley Authority's energy-conservation programs and their efficiency and effectiveness  

SciTech Connect

Two allegations were investigated regarding the Tennessee Valley Authority's energy conservation programs. Regarding the first allegation, it was found that TVA was slow to respons to a request for a home inspection that was necessary for the complainants to qualify for a low interest heat pump loan. TVA officials cited poor communications, abnormally large backlog, and loss of two energy advisors as circumstances contributing to the oversight. The second allegation was made by a former TVA energy advisor that he was fired for disclosing improprieties in the home insulation program. Two lawsuits resulted; the first seeking a copy of TVA's investigations of the complainant's charges, and the second asserting that the former employee had been defamed in a statement released to a local newspaper. Types of energy conservation programs sponsored by TVA are identified., as well as how the programs are organized and administered, and the scope of activity under each program. 9(LEW)

Not Available

1982-08-11

109

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

Not Available

1990-12-01

110

Energy Conservation of Air Conditioning Systems in Large Public Buildings  

E-print Network

, some pointed improvement measures are proposed further. According to the study and analysis, even though large-scale public buildings consume a great of energy, there exists a huge potential for energy conservation....

Liu, P.; Li, D.

2006-01-01

111

Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Dry Ice Slider-Projectiles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy concepts are fundamentally important for describing and analyzing systems ranging from subatomic particles to spiral galaxies. In general, students first encounter such concepts in introductory courses that typically focus on forms of energy, energy transfer, and conservation laws. Within these courses, conservation of mechanical energy is particularly useful for solving problems (since the physical quantities being analyzed do not require vector analysis). However, strictly speaking, conservation of mechanical energy is valid only when no energy is transferred across the boundary of the system being considered.

Gales, Jenna; Baker, Blane

2008-09-01

112

Equity implications of utility energy conservation programs  

SciTech Connect

This paper uses the Residential Energy Consumption Survey undertaken by the Energy Information Administration in 1990 to estimate the statistical association between household income and participation in electric utility energy conservation programs and the association between participation and the electricity consumption. The results indicate that utility rebates, energy audits, load management programs and other conservation measures tend to be undertaken at greater frequency by high income households than by low income households. Participants in conservation programs tend to occupy relatively new and energy efficient residences and undertake conservation measures other than utility programs, which suggests that utility sponsored programs are substitutes for other conservation investments. Electricity consumption during 1990 is not significantly less for households participating in utility programs than for nonparticipants, which also implies that utility conservation programs are displacing other conservation investments. Apparently, utility programs are not avoiding costs of new construction and instead are transferring wealth, particularly to high income participating households.

Sutherland, R.J.

1994-03-15

113

Energy conservation for housing: A workbook  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multifamily housing project managers can reduce their energy costs from 30 to 60 percent by capitalizing on a variety of energy conservation opportunities (ECO's) identified in HUD research on the physical condition of public housing stock. This workbook prepares managers for this planning and for making individualized energy audits. It provides all the materials they need to proceed, including analysis sheets for calculating costs - benefit and payback periods for each of the 50 ECO's described. The ECO's listed all into four general categories: architectural improvements to the energy design of the building envelope; heating system ECO's to increase energy efficiency; secondary ECO's related to the domestic water supply, air conditioning systems, and central laundry equipment; and electric system ECO's reducing utility surcharges and increasing light bulb efficiency.

1982-05-01

114

EVIDENTIARY HEARING CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION  

E-print Network

Project by ) Orange Grove Energy, LLC ) ______________________________) PALA MESA RESORT SUN ROOM 2001 OLDEVIDENTIARY HEARING BEFORE THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION Water District Taylor Miller Sempra Energy Steve Taylor Jeff Gabey (via telephone) Ruth Love Juanita

115

Driver Education Curriculum Guide. Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide high school students with information concerning energy-efficient driving, this curriculum guide covers techniques of conserving energy, efficient use of motor vehicles, safe driving techniques, and development of energy-efficient driving habits. The guide consists of six lessons: (1) Fuel Conservation: Why It Is Essential; (2)…

Governor's Highway Safety Program Office, Columbus, OH.

116

Diffusion in Energy Conserving Coupled Maps  

E-print Network

We consider a dynamical system consisting of subsystems indexed by a lattice. Each subsystem has one conserved degree of freedom ("energy") the rest being uniformly hyperbolic. The subsystems are weakly coupled together so that the sum of the subsystem energies remains conserved. We prove that the subsystem energies satisfy the diffusion equation in a suitable scaling limit.

Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

2011-02-18

117

Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book: Supplement II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is Supplement II to Edition I of the Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book, EAPA 3:0527, which was published in October, 1976, by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The series of documents is intended to provide a desk-top reference for use by the Transportation Energy Conservation Division of the Energy Research and Development Administration. The supplements contain statistics which update

Shonka

1977-01-01

118

Design of an energy conservation building  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

Jensen, R. N.

1981-01-01

119

Design of an energy conservation building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

Jensen, R. N.

1981-11-01

120

An Energy Management Programme for Grande Prairie Public School District. Energy Conservation: Energy Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a pilot energy conservation project in Grande Prairie (Alberta) School District No. 2357. Extensive data collection and analysis were undertaken to provide a sound, quantitative basis for evaluation of the program. Energy conserving measures requiring capital outlays were not considered. During the project, electric demand…

Calgary Univ. (Alberta).

121

Relevance of the second law of thermodynamics to energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

An analysis is presented of the potential relevance of the use of analytical tools based on the Second Law of thermodynamics to existing federal programs for energy conservation in the industrial, transportation, buildings, and utility sectors in the US. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01

122

78 FR 25627 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Warm Air Furnaces AGENCY: Office of...amended energy conservation standards for commercial warm air furnaces. Once completed...Telephone: (202) 286-1692. Email: commercial_furnaces@ee.doe.gov....

2013-05-02

123

Energy conservation opportunities in small commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

As part of a joint project between Duke Power Co. and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), a study was performed to determine the energy savings potential of small commercial buildings, located in the Duke Power service territory. This relatively untouched portion of the commercial sector has the potential for reducing energy consumption by 13% - 25%, which corresponds to a reduction in average annual operating costs of $500 - $1000 per building. A database of over sixty customers was used to target five buildings with unusually high levels of energy consumption and/or peak demand. Conservation measures in these buildings were selected on the basis of cost-effectiveness and relative non-intrusiveness on the occupants. Together, ORNL and Duke Power representatives worked on data analysis, site-audits, and measure recommendations. Duke Power supplied hourly and monthly utility data, customer survey information and participated in site-audits. ORNL analyzed the data, developed targeting indices, performed site-audits and corresponding first-order energy simulations on candidate buildings, and recommended individualized conservation retrofits. For the five buildings examined, retrofits including lighting, controls, and HVAC systems accounted for a total reduction in consumption of 32%, and in peak demand of 22%. In addition, the study emphasizes the importance of continuous attention to the operating conditions of HVAC equipment and controls, in order to ensure long-term sustainability of these energy savings.

Abraham, M.M.; MacDonald, J.M.

1995-08-01

124

78 FR 62988 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Technical Corrections Act amended the Energy Policy and Conservation Act as to certain...Part B \\1\\ of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975...as if it were included in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of...

2013-10-23

125

Energy conservation potential of surface modification technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries. The energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries is assessed by estimating their friction and wear tribological sinks and the subsequent reduction in these sinks when surface modified tools are used. Ion implantation, coatings, and laser and electron beam surface modifications are considered.

Le, H.K.; Horne, D.M.; Silberglitt, R.S.

1985-09-01

126

Energy conservation through process modification and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Application of the second law of thermodynamics for identification of energy conservation opportunities in process plants is briefly reviewed. Energy conservation by process modification and control in process and petrochemical plants is presented via examples. Also, a generalized algorithm, minimizing incremental cost, for load allocation to multiple units (functionally similar, e.g., boilers, process heaters, pumps, compressors, etc.) operating in parallel

S. C. Agarwal; M. A. Keyes

1981-01-01

127

Assessing Communication Effects on Energy Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a field experiment on alternative ways of prompting energy conservation behavior. The source of the communication was found to influence the number of requests for energy conservation information and the actual consumption of electricity. Repetition of the communication had no effect on either. 36 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

C. Samuel Craig; John M. McCann

1978-01-01

128

Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity packet for grade 6 is one of a series developed in response to the concern for energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade six. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and…

Bakke, Ruth

129

Energy Conservation--The Global Imperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents energy as a pivotal prerequisite of highly developed economic and social structure. Discusses: (1) fossil-fuel resources and demand in various countries; (2) energy conservation; (3) measures for conservation; (4) technology transfer; and (5) considerations to be regarded internationally. (HM)

Murthy, K. K.

1978-01-01

130

Effective Transfer of Industrial Energy Conservation Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Voluntary participation in industrial energy conservation programs resulted in savings of approximately 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day in the US during 1981. These energy savings accrued largely from the development, introduction, and accepta...

M. Clement, R. W. Vallario

1983-01-01

131

Energy Conservation in the Bell System  

E-print Network

, and correlating factors, and to provide rapid determination of energy performance. Immediate steps, primarily in building and motor vehicle operations, resulted in approximately 10% energy conservation in 1974 compared with 1973. These, plus intermediate range...

Del Grande, M. R.

1979-01-01

132

A Graduate Course in Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the University of Michigan's (Ann Arbor) success with a six-year energy conservation program (The Energy Star Program) offered by the Environmental Protection Agency. Describes the program's components and areas of savings the university has achieved. (GR)

Fickes, Michael

1999-01-01

133

Refuel Here for Energy Conservation Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests many possible educational activities for energy education under the following sub-headings: math and science, field trips, energy conservation in the home, language arts, and social studies. (MDR)

Hogue, June; Simmons, Barbara

1978-01-01

134

Energy Conservation Through Effective Steam Trapping  

E-print Network

ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH EFFECTIVE STEAM TRAPPING Loris Diamante and Chuck Nagengast Columbia Controls Houston, Texas Fuel costs are rapidly escalating. The overall efficiency of any energy utilization must be improved immediately. Steam...ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH EFFECTIVE STEAM TRAPPING Loris Diamante and Chuck Nagengast Columbia Controls Houston, Texas Fuel costs are rapidly escalating. The overall efficiency of any energy utilization must be improved immediately. Steam...

Diamante, L.; Nagengast, C.

1979-01-01

135

Energy conservation in typical Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

Yang, M. [International Inst. for Energy Conservation, Bangkok (Thailand); Rumsey, P. [Supersymmetry USA, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-06-01

136

Program for developing professional capabilities in energy-conservation policy analysis. Final report, September 1979-December 1980  

SciTech Connect

The current program proceeds through the various stages of recruitment and training, internship, dissertation writing, and career assignment in an energy policy related field. Three years of experience is reported for the program which consists of five stages: recruitment of graduate students from the Stanford University Engineering-Economic Systems Department and Economics Department who have a strong technical education, outstanding analytic skills in economics, in modeling of complex systems, in optimization of resource allocation, and in analysis of decision alternatives; training of those recruited in the application of analytic techniques to energy policy questions; establishment and support of a professional fellowship program in energy policy analysis with the Department of Energy; supervision of students during their dissertation work after their internships have been completed; and launching of those professionally trained and experienced graduates into career assignments in energy policy related areas.

Sweeney, J.L.; Lau, L.

1980-12-01

137

Managing state energy conservation programs - The Minnesota experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development and operation of energy conservation programs in the Minnesota Energy Agency (MEA) are discussed. The MEA has responsibility for voluntary conservation efforts, regulating energy efficient devices, and grant programs to audit and retrofit public buildings. The MEA has developed the plan under which the Minnesota utilities will provide conservation services to residential customers, including an on-site home energy audit. The relation between the Department of Energy (DOE) and state energy offices in implementing programs is considered. The DOE has provided technical assistance to the states through the development of a model audit. Steps are discussed to reduce the burdens imposed on the states by program planning, funding, and management responsibilities, including the consolidation of several existing state conservation programs. Improved policy analysis is suggested to correct inefficiencies in government programs.

Hirst, E.; Armstrong, J. R.

1980-11-01

138

Graphical Methods in Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

backgrounds can be difficult. It’s often helpful to provide them with a method of easily determining for themselves the potential for conservation and improvement in their old facilities. Graphical techniques can help accomplish this. This paper...

McAlister, J.

139

Motivating People to Conserve Energy--Energy Conservation Education  

E-print Network

Energy is not saved merely by the installation of sophisticated computers, elaborate process equipment or wonder gadgets. Energy is saved or lost by the people who turn the valves that consume energy. The first step in any successful energy...

Cobb, D. L.; Jackson F.M.

1979-01-01

140

78 FR 55889 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Proposed Rule Federal Register...Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment AGENCY: Office of Energy...industrial equipment, including commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE). EPCA also...

2013-09-11

141

REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA)  

E-print Network

with this requirement. Waste management guidance and plan template can be downloaded at http://www.energy that generate waste. Attachments: Energy Commission Waste Management Plan Guidance Waste Management Plan1 REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA) STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) AMERICAN

142

Energy Conservation. Educational Facilities Digest 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because today's schools consume large amounts of energy and, consequently, pay high energy bills, the term "energy cirsis" is no exaggeration to describe the situation facing educators and school administrators. Schools everywhere are under pressure to use less electricity, natural gas, heating oil, and gasoline. While energy conservation

Council of Educational Facility Planners, Columbus, OH.

143

Energy Conservation in the Food Industry : Follow-up Report.  

SciTech Connect

United Industries Corporation (UIC) conducted an energy analysis at five food processing plants (SIC 20) in the winter of 1984-1985. Tour of plants (Alpac, Carnation, Terminal flour mill, Tree Top) were revisited eighteen months later to determine what energy conservation measures (ECM's) had been or would be implemented. Additionally, the follow-up investigation evaluated the actual energy savings that accrued for the implemented ECM's and recorded the plants' views on the usefulness of the energy analysis.

United Industries Corporation.

1986-06-01

144

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2010-07-01

145

The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic  

E-print Network

The cost of conserved energy (CCE) is an investment statistic that simplifies comparison of conservation measures among themselves and against competing energy supplies. A formula for calculating the cost of conserved energy formula is presented. A...

Meier, A. K.

1984-01-01

146

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2012-01-01

147

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2014-01-01

148

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2013-01-01

149

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures...the energy conservation standards for general operations listed in appendix A...

2011-01-01

150

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2013-07-01

151

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2012-07-01

152

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

...2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2014-07-01

153

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2011-07-01

154

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2010-07-01

155

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2007-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2011-07-01

156

Marketing energy conservation options to Northwest manufactured home buyers  

SciTech Connect

This study relies on extensive, existing survey data and new analyses to develop information that would help design a marketing plan to achieve energy conservation in new manufactured homes. Existing surveys present comprehensive information about regional manufactured home occupants and their homes that are relevant to a potential conservation marketing plan. An independent analysis of the cost-effectiveness of various efficiency improvements provides background information for designing a marketing plan. This analysis focuses on the economic impacts of alternative energy conservation options as perceived by the home owner. Identifying impediments to conservation investments is also very important in designing a marketing plan. A recent report suggests that financial constraints and the need for better information and knowledge about conservation pose the major conservation investment barriers. Since loan interest rates for new manufactured homes typically exceed site-built rates by a considerable amount and the buyers tend to have lower incomes, the economics of manufactured home conservation investments are likely to significantly influence their viability. Conservation information and its presentation directly influences the manufactured home buyer's decision. A marketing plan should address these impediments and their implications very clearly. Dealers express a belief that consumer satisfaction is the major advantage to selling energy efficient manufactured homes. This suggests that targeting dealers in a marketing plan and providing them direct information on consumers' indicated attitudes may be important. 74 refs.

Hendrickson, P.L.; Mohler, B.L.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lee, A.D.; Onisko, S.A.

1985-06-01

157

Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D  

E-print Network

are credited to the Westinghouse Corporate Task Force recommendations and to our own informal conservation programs. The natural gas shortages of early 1977 and the national coal strike of early 1978 resulted in extreme gas and electric energy savings...

Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

1981-01-01

158

The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society  

E-print Network

membership, recent meeting topics, and examples of some benefits to society members are also presented. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society was the outcome of informal meetings between Amoco, Union Carbide, and Monsanto back in 1973 and has grown...

Faulkner, C. R.

1979-01-01

159

Energy Conservation--Hero or Villian?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy conservation efforts have often hermetically sealed buildings without concern for air quality. The Waterloo County Board of Education, Ontario, has installed indicators to test air quality and has installed a "clean room" for children with allergies. (MLF)

Keith, William J. B.

1985-01-01

160

Group Discussions Regarding Consumer Energy Conservation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the results of a series of group discussions conducted to investigate consumer attitudes and motivations as they relate to energy conservation. Specifically, the study was designed to cast light on the following questions: (1) The bac...

1976-01-01

161

Biosludge Incineration - A Program for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Waste biosludge generated in Shell's Deer Park Manufacturing Complex aqueous effluent treatment facilities is disposed of by on-site incineration. In 1981, an energy conservation program resulted in a 48 percent reduction in natural gas consumption...

Compernolle, R. V.

1982-01-01

162

Energy conservation through process modification and control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Application of the second law of thermodynamics for identification of energy conservation opportunities in process plants is briefly reviewed. Energy conservation by process modification and control in process and petrochemical plants is presented via examples. Also, a generalized algorithm, minimizing incremental cost, for load allocation to multiple units (functionally similar, e.g., boilers, process heaters, pumps, compressors, etc.) operating in parallel has been developed.

Agarwal, S. C.; Keyes, M. A.

1981-01-01

163

Energy Conservation Through Education and Training  

E-print Network

and cooperation. The methods used to accomp1 ish the educational and training aspects are discussed. INTRODUCTION Deer Park Manufacturi ng Complex (DPMC) is Shell Oil Company's largest refining petrochemical operation. It is located 20 miles from Houston... are: Quarterly Senior Management Presentation Continuous support and involvement of the Complex senior management in the energy conservation effort depends on a thorough under'standi ng of the program. The energy conservation activities...

Sorotzkin, J.

1981-01-01

164

Energy Conservation in Process Heaters  

E-print Network

Energy savings in refinery and petrochemical fired heaters can basically be achieved in two ways: Thru optimization on energy use which can be done with small or no investments, or with extensive energy recovery systems. Various alternatives...

Bagge, R. W.

1982-01-01

165

Santa Claus and the Conservation of Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an amusing application of the concept of kinetic energy. Using some rudimentary physical notions, we have analysed the energetics of the motion of Santa Claus. The results, which are quite surprising, can be of interest to high school and early college physics educators when they teach kinetic energy, and energy conservation

Hassani, Sadri

2005-01-01

166

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Course Development Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on energy efficiency and conservation methods. The curriculum focuses on energy use reduction, both in commercial and domestic settings. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-09

167

Transportation energy conservation data book, supplement3  

Microsoft Academic Search

This series of documents is intended to provide a desk-top reference for use by the Transportation Energy Conservation Division of the Energy Research and Development Administration. The supplements contain statistics that expand and refine data presented in edition one. A variety of tables, charts, maps, and graphs is used in this volume to present statistical data on energy use and

A. S. Loebl; P. D. Patterson

1977-01-01

168

Transportation energy conservation data book, edition 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

All major modes of transportation are represented: highway, air, rail, marine, and pipeline. Various aspects of the transportation sector discussed: (1) modal characteristics, (2) current energy use, efficiency and conservation, (3) projections of modal energy use, (4) impact of government activities, (5) supply and cost of energy, and (6) general demographic and economic characteristics. More than 400 tables and figures

D. B. Shonka

1979-01-01

169

75 FR 19296 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures and Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standards for Residential Furnaces and Boilers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and...amend the test procedures for furnaces and boilers, and the energy conservation standards...Procedures for Residential Furnaces and Boilers'' or ``NOPM for Energy...

2010-04-14

170

76 FR 57897 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prescribed under the Energy Policy and Conservation...supplies used either in security or life safety alarms...I. Background The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Pub...325(u)(3) of the Energy Policy and...

2011-09-19

171

A Better 2-D Mechanical Energy Conservation Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A variety of simple classical mechanics energy conservation experiments are used in teaching laboratories. Typical one-dimensional (1-D) setups may involve falling balls or oscillating springs. Many of these can be quite satisfying in that students can confirm—within a few percent—that mechanical energy is conserved. Students generally have little trouble identifying discrepancies such as the loss of a few percent of the gravitational potential energy due to air friction encountered by a falling ball. Two-dimensional (2-D) systems can require more sophisticated analysis for higher level laboratories, but such systems often incorporate complicating components that can make the exercise academically incomplete and experimentally less accurate. The following describes a simple 2-D energy conservation experiment based on the popular "Newton's Cradle" toy that allows students to account for nearly all of the mechanical energy in the system in an academically complete analysis.

Paesler, Michael

2012-02-01

172

Computerized Reporting of Energy Conservation Progress  

E-print Network

DEFINITION In the proposed data-processing scheme, the foregoing essentials are applied in three primary programs. These are, for our purpose, arbitrarily: Energy Program - Reference File (EP 3400) Energy Program - Master Source File (EP 3500) Energy... lower energy-conservation factor, other things being equal. However, beware of exceptions - for example, the process where a secondary reaction causing a lower yield is exothermic, with recoverable heat credited to the variable energy of the deparment...

Troyan, J. E.

1979-01-01

173

Assessment of energy conservation using solar energy in Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tables of measured and calculated data which indicate the amount of fossil energy that could be conserved by using solar and wind energy in Kansas are presented. Data include solar energy received; estimated energy consumption; energy available daily from direct use of solar energy for an average home; minimum potential daily and annual energy savings using solar energy for space

J. T. Pytlinski

1978-01-01

174

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards...2) What is the estimate of savings by fuel type? (3)...

2010-01-01

175

Energy Conservation Management in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an energy management program to be presented at the annual meeting of the Association of School Business Officials. The program is based on the Carleton Board of Education (Ontario) energy management program. (Author/MLF)

Bourassa, A. A.

1980-01-01

176

Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs  

E-print Network

to enact indoor environmental standards? Tried to implement computer energy saving settings? Tried to ban mini-fridges, microwaves, coffee makers, heaters, etc? Have you ever? 7 Up to? 8 Typical Institutional Energy Use 35% 35% 15% 15... to enact indoor environmental standards? Tried to implement computer energy saving settings? Tried to ban mini-fridges, microwaves, coffee makers, heaters, etc? Have you ever? 7 Up to? 8 Typical Institutional Energy Use 35% 35% 15% 15...

Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

2012-01-01

177

Energy conservation through sealing technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improvements in fluid film sealing resulting from a proposed research program could lead to an annual energy saving, on a national basis, equivalent to about 37 million bbl of oil or 0.3% of the total U.S. energy consumption. Further, the application of known sealing technology can result in an annual saving of an additional 10 million bbl of oil. The energy saving would be accomplished by reduction in process heat energy loss, reduction of frictional energy generated, and minimization of energy required to operate ancillary equipment associated with the seal system. In addition to energy saving, cost effectiveness is further enhanced by reduction in maintenance and in minimization of equipment for collecting leakage and for meeting environmental pollution standards.

Stair, W. K.; Ludwig, L. P.

1978-01-01

178

Conservation - The Keystone of Energy Management  

E-print Network

-.. ,;. CONSERVATION - THE KEYSTONE OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT R. C. READ INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY CHICAGO, ILLINOIS IH, AN INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURER OF HEAVY DUTY CAPITAL GOODS, HAS FOR THE PAST 7 YEARS HAD A PROGRAM OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT... PROGRAM WAS APPROPRIATE AND A SUC CESS. Tt-IE ADVENT OF THE NATIONAL ENERGY ACTS OF 1978 AND THEIR SUBSEQUENT REGULATIONS, THE CONTINUING ESCALATION OF ENERGY PRICES, AND THE ONGOING UNCERTAINTY OF AMPLE FUEL SUP PLIES GAVE RISE TO THE NEED...

Read, R. C.

1981-01-01

179

Focus On: Energy Conservation Practices in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet briefly describes 23 effective energy conservation programs in Massachusetts schools today. These practices range from changes in classroom lighting fixtures to complete heating system redesign. Each program represents an effort by school systems to adapt to changing energy needs and available resources. Each entry describes the…

Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston.

180

The application of turboexpanders for energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial energy can be recovered using low grade waste heat, process gas, or waste gas pressure letdown. Centrifugal (radial inflow) turboexpanders are well adapted to such energy conservation schemes and with recent developments which have increased their reliability, are suitable for unattended service on a 24-hour, 7-day week operational basis. Some of these recent developments presented herein include shaft seals,

Holm

1983-01-01

181

Transportation energy conservation data book: Edition 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the fourth edition of the Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book, a statistical compendium compiled and published by ORNL for DOE. Secondary data on transportation characteristics by mode, on transportation energy use, and on other related variables are presented in tabular and\\/or graphic form. All major modes of transportation are represented: highway, air, rail, marine, and pipeline. The six

G. Kulp; D. B. Shonka; M. J. Collins; B. J. Murphy; K. J. Reed

1980-01-01

182

Radiant heat for energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is proposed that human comfort could be provided in otherwise chilly surroundings by filling the occupied space with electromagnetic energy of centimeter wavelength. Very considerable reductions in the consumption of energy required for the heating of buildings should result from the lowering of interior temperatures thereby permitted

R. V. Pound

1980-01-01

183

Dissipative or conservative cosmology with dark energy?  

SciTech Connect

All evolutional paths for all admissible initial conditions of FRW cosmological models with dissipative dust fluid (described by dark matter, baryonic matter and dark energy) are analyzed using dynamical system approach. With that approach, one is able to see how generic the class of solutions leading to the desired property-acceleration-is. The theory of dynamical systems also offers a possibility of investigating all possible solutions and their stability with tools of Newtonian mechanics of a particle moving in a one-dimensional potential which is parameterized by the cosmological scale factor. We demonstrate that flat cosmology with bulk viscosity can be treated as a conservative system with a potential function of the Chaplygin gas type. We characterize the class of dark energy models that admit late time de Sitter attractor solution in terms of the potential function of corresponding conservative system. We argue that inclusion of dissipation effects makes the model more realistic because of its structural stability. We also confront viscous models with SNIa observations. The best fitted models are obtained by minimizing the {chi}{sup 2} function which is illustrated by residuals and {chi}{sup 2} levels in the space of model independent parameters. The general conclusion is that SNIa data supports the viscous model without the cosmological constant. The obtained values of {chi}{sup 2} statistic are comparable for both the viscous model and {lambda}CDM model. The Bayesian information criteria are used to compare the models with different power-law parameterization of viscous effects. Our result of this analysis shows that SNIa data supports viscous cosmology more than the {lambda}CDM model if the coefficient in viscosity parameterization is fixed. The Bayes factor is also used to obtain the posterior probability of the model.

Szydlowski, Marek [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Orla 171, 30-244 Krakow (Poland); Marc Kac Complex Systems Research Center, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)], E-mail: uoszydlo@cyf-kr.edu.pl; Hrycyna, Orest [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland)], E-mail: hrycyna@kul.lublin.pl

2007-12-15

184

76 FR 52892 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts AGENCY: Office of Energy...proposing new and amended standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts (ballasts) pursuant...notice of data availability (NODA) for fluorescent lamp ballasts and provide the...

2011-08-24

185

Barriers to household investment in residential energy conservation: preliminary assessment  

SciTech Connect

A general assessment of the range of barriers which impede household investments in weatherization and other energy efficiency improvements for their homes is provided. The relationship of similar factors to households' interest in receiving a free energy audits examined. Rates of return that underly household investments in major conservation improvements are assessed. A special analysis of household knowledge of economically attractive investments is provided that compares high payback improvements specified by the energy audit with the list of needed or desirable conservation improvements identified by respondents. (LEW)

Hoffman, W.L.

1982-12-01

186

Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production  

E-print Network

An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

1984-01-01

187

Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities  

SciTech Connect

This document is a study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major end-use sectors. The study develops and applies a systematic approach to identifying and screening applied energy conservation research opportunities. To broadly cover the energy end-use sectors, this study develops useful information relating to the areas where federally-funded applied research will most likely play an important role in promoting energy conservation. This study is not designed to produce a detailed agenda of specific recommended research activities. The general information presented allows uniform comparisons of disparate research areas and as such provides the basis for formulating a cost-effective, comprehensive federal-applied energy conservation research strategy. Chapter 2 discusses the various methodologies that have been used in the past to identify research opportunities and details the approach used here. In Chapters 3, 4, and 5 the methodology is applied to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors and the opportunities for applied research in these sectors are discussed.Chapter 6 synthesizes the results of the previous three chapters to give a comprehensive picture of applied energy conservation research opportunities across all end-use sectors and presents the conclusions to the report.

Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

1981-12-01

188

Reliable aerial thermography for energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method for energy conservation, the aerial thermography survey, is discussed. It locates sources of energy losses and wasteful energy management practices. An operational map is presented for clear sky conditions. The map outlines the key environmental conditions conductive to obtaining reliable aerial thermography. The map is developed from defined visual and heat loss discrimination criteria which are quantized based on flat roof heat transfer calculations.

Jack, J. R.; Bowman, R. L.

1981-01-01

189

Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation  

E-print Network

conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants... and several specific techniques such as Heat pipe application, Coal oil mixture, Coal water slurry are also mentioned in this paper. INTRODUCTION China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) is a comprehensive state enterprise combining manufac turing...

You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

190

Energy conservation in distillation: a technology applications manual  

SciTech Connect

Distillation is the most widely practiced technique for separating mixtures of chemical species, but it is an energy intensive process. A 10% reduction in distillation energy consumption would effect a significant savings. On a national basis this would be an annual savings of 200 trillion Btu, or the equivalent of 36.5 million barrels of oil per year. Technology to achieve these savings in distillation energy is available and measures are presented to assist process engineers in technical and economic analysis of the energy conservation measures most suitable for particular distillation applications. The manual catalogs all of the energy conservation options applicable to distillation and the options by the investment required; describes in detail the options having a significant potential to reduce distillation energy requirements economically; provides guidelines that will allow the plant engineer to quickly screen each option for his application; and provides short-cut calculation procedures for use in a preliminary economic analysis of promising options.

Not Available

1980-05-01

191

LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY  

E-print Network

. The lead engineer on the project assigns you to determine if the new magnetic bumpers are more efficient magnetic bumpers. You know that when a normal pinball rebounds off traditional bumpers, some of the initial energy of motion is "dissipated" in the deformation of the ball and bumper, thus slowing the ball down

Minnesota, University of

192

Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

1982-11-01

193

Energy Conservation with Energy Efficient Lighting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy resources of the world are under severe pressure to cope up with the growing need of energy. The technological changes and changes in the lifestyle have increased the demand for energy tremendously. With the resources become scarce and energy costs growing, it becomes imperative for everyone to save energy or to use the available energy judiciously. The need

ARVIND DHINGRA; TEJINDE R SINGH

194

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation/Management of the Texas A&M University- Kingsville Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center  

E-print Network

from the Seventeenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 1995 Table I. Plant Annual Energy Consumption Summary Report No. Principal Products Electrical Consumption (kWh/yr) Electrical Cost (S/yr) Gas Consumption... (MCF/yr) Gas Cost ($/yr) Total Energy Cost (S/yr) 94-01 Misc. Plastics 2,012,724 134,982 63 433 135,415 94-02 Automatic Doors 1,921,500 139,943 0 0 139,943 94-03 Electronic Components 6,572,000 372,069 5,254 25,489 397,558 94-04 Packaged...

Medina, M. A.; Elkassabgi, Y.

195

Conceptual Physics Conservation of Energy Units  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This topic is broken into units to help in formulating cohesive, effective lessons. Clicking on each unit title will display appropriate activities, lesson plans, or labs. Units are intended to help students understand the interconnectedness of the concepts of conservation of energy, momentum and angular momentum underpinning the basis for much of physics. Units are not listed in a prescribed order.

Front, The P.

2011-09-20

196

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION  

E-print Network

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION 2012 Rulemaking 2014) Phase 3: Long Term (2nd Qtr 2014 ­ 2nd Qtr 2015) Consumer Electronics Displays; Game consoles; Multi-faceted reflector (MR) lamps; Light-emitting diode (LED) lamps EISA exempt lamps; Lighting

197

Energy Conservation Ideas for Mobile Homes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this text is to investigate potential energy conservation opportunities in already sited and occupied mobile homes. Its primary focus is on the owner and the limited technical and economic resources readily available to him. The text is wri...

1980-01-01

198

Thermal Comfort and Strategies for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses studies in thermal comfort which served as the basis for the comfort standard. Examines seven variables in the human response to the thermal environment in terms of the ways in which they can be modified to conserve energy. (Author/MK)

Rohles, Frederick H., Jr.

1981-01-01

199

Energy Conservation: Implementing an Effective Campus Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After reviewing the physical plant environment and temperature control equipment at Eastfield College (Texas), this paper explains how redirected efforts toward energy conservation can result in important cost/usage savings. Electricity billing rates are explained to provide a stronger usage strategy for cost effectiveness. Two methods of reducing…

Marsee, Jeff

200

Energy Conservation Featured in Illinois High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, scheduled to open in 1977, is being built with energy conservation uppermost in mind. In this system, 70 heat pumps will heat and cool 300,000 square feet of educational facilities. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1976

1976-01-01

201

Low-Tech Energy Conservation for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Institute of Architects National Committee on Architecture for Education presents this guide which addresses methods of energy conservation in school buildings with simple design, construction, and equipment-control technology so that trained and creative people can take over functions normally done by machinery and automated…

Stein, Benjamin

202

Teaching Energy Conservation as a Unifying Principle in Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work we present the design and assessment of a teaching sequence aimed at introducing the principle of energy conservation at post-compulsory secondary school level (16-18 year olds). The proposal is based on the result of research into teaching-learning difficulties and on the analysis of the physics framework. Evidence is shown that this…

Solbes, Jordi; Guisasola, Jenaro; Tarin, Francisco

2009-01-01

203

Teaching Energy Conservation as a Unifying Principle in Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we present the design and assessment of a teaching sequence aimed at introducing the principle of energy conservation at post-compulsory secondary school level (16-18 year olds). The proposal is based on the result of research into teaching-learning difficulties and on the analysis of the physics framework. Evidence is shown that this teaching sequence, together with the methodology used in the classroom, may result in students having a better grasp of the principle of energy conservation.

Solbes, Jordi; Guisasola, Jenaro; Tarín, Francisco

2009-06-01

204

Some Experience with Training for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

SOME EXPERIENCE WITH TRAINING FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION William F. Kenney/Elizabeth Garcia Exxon Chemical Company Florham Park, New Jersey ABSTRACT The best way to meet the challenge of our ever changing energy technology is pursuit... of knowledge. Trained personnel is the most impor tant raw material in our plants. With this in mind, the Central Engineering Division of Exxon Chemical Company has developed suitable training programs for a wide audience in our operating plants as well...

Kenney, W. F.; Garcia, E.

205

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This publication presents current efforts by the US DOE Office of Industrial Technologies to increase national end-use efficiency and promote renewable energy use in industrial applications. This also entails reducing industrial and municipal waste and the associated environmental impacts and hazards. The transfer of research results to commercial practice in such industries as petroleum refining, chemicals, primary metals, pulp and paper, food, and textiles is a vital step in energy conservation.

1991-10-01

206

A Field Tested Model of Industrial Energy Conservation Assistance to Small Industries  

E-print Network

The University of Tennessee is one of three universities selected by the Industrial Energy Conservation Program of the Department of Energy to develop and demonstrate the concept of an Energy Analysis and Diagnostics Center (EADC). The objective...

Jendrucko, R. J.; Mitchell, D. S.; Snyder, W. T.; Symonds, F. W.

1980-01-01

207

Transportation energy conservation data book: Edition 4  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth edition of the Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book, a statistical compendium compiled and published by ORNL for DOE. Secondary data on transportation characteristics by mode, on transportation energy use, and on other related variables are presented in tabular and/or graphic form. All major modes of transportation are represented: highway, air, rail, marine, and pipeline. The six main chapters focus on various characteristics of the transportation sector including (1) modal characteristics, (2) current energy use, efficiency and conservation, (3) projections of modal energy use, (4) impact of government activities, (5) supply and cost of energy, and (6) general demographic and economic characteristics. Included in the tables and figures are the following transportation stock and use statistics: number of vehicles, vehicle-miles traveled, passenger-miles and freight ton-miles, fleet characteristics, household automobile ownership, size mix of automobiles, vehicle travel characteristics, and commuting patterns. Energy characteristics presented include energy use by fuel source and transportation mode, energy intensity figures by mode, indirect energy use, production as a percent of consumption, imports as a percent of domestic production, energy prices from the wellhead to the retail outlet, and alternative fuels.

Kulp, G.; Shonka, D.B.; Collins, M.J.; Murphy, B.J.; Reed, K.J.

1980-09-01

208

Eukaryotic Regulatory Element Conservation Analysis and Identification Using  

E-print Network

Eukaryotic Regulatory Element Conservation Analysis and Identification Using Comparative Genomics regulatory element identification, because functional noncoding sequences may be conserved across species regulatory elements and discovered that human regulatory elements are more conserved between human and mouse

Puglisi, Joseph

209

Dissipative or conservative cosmology with dark energy?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All evolutional paths for all admissible initial conditions of FRW cosmological models with dissipative dust fluid (described by dark matter, baryonic matter and dark energy) are analyzed using dynamical system approach. With that approach, one is able to see how generic the class of solutions leading to the desired property -- acceleration -- is. The theory of dynamical systems also offers a possibility of investigating all possible solutions and their stability with tools of Newtonian mechanics of a particle moving in a 1-dimensional potential which is parameterized by the cosmological scale factor. We demonstrate that flat cosmology with bulk viscosity can be treated as a conservative system with a potential function of the Chaplygin gas type. We also confront viscous models with SNIa observations. The best fitted models are obtained by minimizing the $\\chi^{2}$ function which is illustrated by residuals and $\\chi^{2}$ levels in the space of model independent parameters. The general conclusion is that SNIa data supports the viscous model without the cosmological constant. The obtained values of $\\chi^{2}$ statistic are comparable for both the viscous model and LCDM model. The Bayesian information criteria are used to compare the models with different power law parameterization of viscous effects. Our result of this analysis shows that SNIa data supports viscous cosmology more than the LCDM model if the coefficient in viscosity parameterization is fixed. The Bayes factor is also used to obtain the posterior probability of the model.

Szydlowski, M.; Hrycyna, O.

2007-12-01

210

78 FR 51463 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...voltage [dagger] Minimum standard equation...bin, DOE is proposing the use of an equation-based energy conservation standard...use wattage bins (instead of a single equation spanning the entire covered wattage...

2013-08-20

211

78 FR 7296 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large Commercial Package Air Conditioning and Heating...energy conservation standards for certain commercial air-conditioning and heating equipment...large, and very large air-cooled commercial air conditioners and heat pumps....

2013-02-01

212

Energy Conservation Fund: Helping Corporations Develop Energy Conservation Strategies and Reduce Utility Costs  

E-print Network

Fund (ECF) is part of a total energy approach that helps corporations identify projects, dedicate funds and implement changes. It makes conservation improvement projects more attractive on the front end, so companies can enjoy the long-term benefits....

Swanson, G. A.; Houston, W.

2005-01-01

213

Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention.1,2 Imagine that a pair of coherent, point-like wave sources (located at the same position) radiates sinusoidal waves of amplitude A, spreading in a uniform medium. Assume also that radiation of the two sources is in phase. Since the energy of oscillation, E, is proportional to amplitude squared, one quickly arrives at an apparent paradox. That is, the energy of oscillation in every point due to only one source is E0=CA2 (C is the coefficient of proportionality), while according to the linear superposition principle, the combined amplitude of oscillations from the two sources is 2A and the energy of oscillations is E =C(2A)2=4CA2=4E0, i.e., four (not two) times greater than the energy of oscillation of one isolated source in the absence of the second. In the general case, superposition of two waves with identical amplitudes and wavelengths produces a wave with an intensity somewhere between zero and four times the intensity of a single wave source (depending on relative phase of the two waves). This leads to the obvious question: how can we account for the extra (or missing) energy that necessarily results from in-phase (or anti-phase) wave interference? This apparent violation of the principle of conservation energy, due to the superposition of waves, is the primary topic of this paper.

Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

2014-10-01

214

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan 3rd Quarterly Report) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption at tenant, as a component member of the Texas A&M #12;Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

215

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan 1st Quarterly Report) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption at tenant, as a component member of the Texas A&M #12;Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

216

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan 4th Quarterly Report) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption at tenant, as a component member of the Texas A&M #12;Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

217

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan 2nd Quarterly Report) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption at tenant, as a component member of the Texas A&M #12;Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

218

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan Quarterly Report ­ April 14 and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuel to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption at tenant facilities. Fuel

219

Texas Tech University Energy Conservation Plan -Quarterly Update  

E-print Network

Texas Tech University Energy Conservation Plan - Quarterly Update April 2006 Executive Order RP-49 from the Governor's Office requires each state agency to develop an energy conservation plan and set Plan, reporting to the State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) is the two-year energy reduction goal

Gelfond, Michael

220

Sweet Grass Elementary School: A Study in Energy Conservation. Energy Conservation: School Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of building a new school in Edmonton (Alberta) in accordance with energy efficient principles are described in this report, the third and last in a series describing three projects utilizing different approaches to energy conservation. The Sweet Grass Elementary School project consisted in designing, building, and monitoring an energy

Edmonton Public Schools (Alberta).

221

Energy-conservation study for the US Air Force Academy  

SciTech Connect

The United States Air Force Academy (AFA) has asked the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist them in conducting detailed energy and solar analyses of selected AFA buildings using the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. The results of the energy conservation study conducted by Los Alamos in FY 1981 and 1982 for Building 2360 (Vandenberg Hall), Building 2169 (Field House), and Building 2410 (Aeronautics Laboratory) are presented. Energy Conservation and Solar Opportunities (ECOs) are identified for each building and predicted heating, cooling and electric energy savings are presented for each ECO. Economic results are summarized as annual dollars saved, discounted benefit-to-cost ratio, maximum investment targets, and the life-cycle cost of implementing each ECO.

Peterson, J.L.; Davis, L.B.

1983-01-01

222

Energy-conserving development regulations: current practice  

SciTech Connect

Almost every aspect of land development has an effect on energy use, from minute architectural details to broad considerations of urban density. Energy-efficiency depends in part on how development is planned and carried out. Conventional development regulations, such as zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, can be adapted in many ways to promote energy conservation at the community level. This report is about energy-efficient site and neighborhood design. It examines recent experiences of local governments that have adopted new development regulations or amended existing ones to promote energy conservation, more efficient generation and distribution, or a switch to alternative, renewable sources. Although much has been written in recent years about saving energy through community design, actual experience in applying these new ideas is still limited. To date, most communities have focused their efforts on studying the problem, documenting consumption patterns, and writing reports and plans. Only a handful have amended their land-use controls for the express purpose of saving energy. This study identifies 13 of these pioneering communities, after undertaking a survey of over 1400 local, regional, and state planning agencies. It takes a look at their experiences, to learn what has been done, how well it has worked, and what problems have been encountered.

Not Available

1980-05-01

223

Integrated energy and water conservation modeling  

SciTech Connect

Under the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is required to provide federal facility managers with a clear determination of the impact of water conservation practices on energy consumption. This paper introduces the WATERGY model, which is a spreadsheet model to analyze total energy savings associated with water conservation efforts. The contribution of this effort is the development of a synergistic model based on engineering algorithms as opposed to lumped parameter estimates. The model explicitly details the relationships between direct and indirect water and energy savings. Irrigation, plumbing fixture, appliance, and boiler blowdown savings comprise the direct water component of the model. Reduction in leakage and unaccounted-for water in the distribution system are calculated as indirect water savings. Direct energy savings are calculated for hot water production. Indirect energy savings associated with distribution and collection, electric line losses, and unaccounted-for gas are determined by the model. Data sources, algorithms, and engineering assumptions used in the development of the model are detailed. The model capabilities are demonstrated for a hypothetical federal facility.

Monsabert, S. de; Liner, B.L. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States)

1998-04-01

224

Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission  

E-print Network

loads, is solar film on the windows. Both the proposed ASHRAE standards and the California standards appear to reduce energy use. The following Table shows EUIs for the Supreme Court and Attorney General buildings with different options. EUI... the direct solar heat gain through the windows. The other strategies include redesigns of the buildings to the proposed ASHRAE standard 9 0.1p and the existing California energy standards. WINDOW FILM The proposed exterior glazing in the Supreme Court...

Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

1986-01-01

225

Energy conservation strategies among American college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research compares both attitudes and recycling behaviors in a sample of college males and females (N?=?302), a demographic group whose behaviors and willingness to adopt environmentally sound policies will become the dominant\\u000a force for environmental reform in the USA in approaching decades. Consistent with prior research, women were significantly\\u000a more likely to support strategies for energy conservation and were

Lauren Dundes; Anna Kulow; Debra Lemke

2009-01-01

226

Helicity conservation and energy confinement in CTX spheromaks  

SciTech Connect

Results are reported for the CTX spheromak with a 0.67 m radius mesh flux conserver. Measured currents in the mesh allow a nonperturbing determination of the equilibrium profile. Analysis of sustained discharges shows that injected magnetic helicity is conserved. Increase of the spheromak radius from 0.40 m to 0.67 m has not led to an increase in energy confinement. Our attempts to resolve this issue, including the use of a conducting core and applied bias fields, is discussed.

Wright, B.L.; Barnes, C.W.; Fernandez, J.C.; Henins, I.; Hoida, H.W.; Jarboe, T.R.; Knox, S.O.; Marklin, G.J.; Mayo, R.M.; Platts, D.A.

1986-01-01

227

Work and Energy Problem: Conservation of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A pendulum of unknown mass is suspended from a platform and swings as shown in the animation (assume negligible loss of energy due to air resistance; position is shown in meters and time is in seconds).

Christian, Wolfgang; Belloni, Mario

2006-01-21

228

Automation, Energy Conservation and Common Sense  

E-print Network

, Minnesota, 1977. II Studenski, Roger B., Energy Study Project Report Building 209, Divisio~ Engineering, 3M, St Paul, Minnesota,j 1978. I Gupta, Ramesh K., and Katzenmier, : William J., Energy Audit and AnalysiS for 3M Center Buildings 208, 218 andi..., Minnesota, 1977. II Studenski, Roger B., Energy Study Project Report Building 209, Divisio~ Engineering, 3M, St Paul, Minnesota,j 1978. I Gupta, Ramesh K., and Katzenmier, : William J., Energy Audit and AnalysiS for 3M Center Buildings 208, 218 andi...

Hester, D.

1981-01-01

229

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan Quarterly Report ­ June 30. TTI's Energy Management and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have by SECO, TAMU and its' Lessors in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce

230

Drops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California  

E-print Network

Drops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions May 2011;1Berkeley Law \\ UCLA Law Drops of Energy: Conserving Urban Water in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Executive Summary: Expanding Water Conservation in California Water use means energy use

Kammen, Daniel M.

231

Careers in the Renewable Energy and Conservation Professions and Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many kinds of jobs can be found in the renewable energy and energy conservation industries. This pamphlet indicates that a large career potential exists within the solar and conservation professions and trades. These careers consist of individuals who design, build, or install solar heating or hot water systems, who implement energy conservation

Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

232

Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Attitudes towards Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine the pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation. In order to reach this main aim following research questions are formulated: (1) What are the attitude levels of pre-service primary teachers in terms of energy conservation? (2) Do pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation

Tekbiyik, Ahmet; Ipek, Cemalettin

2008-01-01

233

HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

1980-03-01

234

National energy-conservation policy under the Reagan Administration: analysis of hearings on the Department of Energy authorization for Fiscal Year 1982. Report prepared by the Congressional Research Service Library of Congress for the Subcommittee on Energy Development and Applications  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes hearings held on February 26, March 4, 5, 13 and 17, 1981. The purpose of the hearings was to examine the impacts of reductions in the DOE energy-conservation budget proposed by the Reagan Administration in its FY 1982 authorization request. Issues covered included the extent to which the private sector would pick up the research efforts terminated by the federal government; the possible effects of program terminations on the competitiveness of US energy-conversion equipment in world markets; the cost-effectiveness of existing federal energy conservation programs; and the ability of state and local governments to assume responsibility for energy-conservation outreach and information-dissemination programs.

Not Available

1982-01-01

235

Energy conservation and the transportation sector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present status of the energy implications of the transportation systems in the United States was illustrated, with primary emphasis on the technologies and methods for achieving a substantial reduction in the associated energy price (approximately 25% of the nation's energy is consumed directly in the operation of these systems). These technologies may be classified as follows: (1) improvement of system efficiency (system operations or technological), (2) substitution for scarce energy resources (electrification, alternate fuels, use of man power, recycling), (3) curtailment of end use (managed population growth rate, education of citizenry, alternatives to personal transportation, improved urban planning, reduced travel incentives). Examples and illustrations were given. Thirty-four actions were chosen on the basis of a preliminary filtering process with the objective of: (1) demonstrating a methodological approach to arrive at logical and consistent conservation action packages, (2) recommending a viable and supportable specific set of actions.

1975-01-01

236

77 FR 38743 - Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies AGENCY...establish energy conservation standards for battery chargers and external power supplies...Establish Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power...

2012-06-29

237

Energy Conservation: A Conceptual Framework of Energy Awareness Development Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is wasted each day due to lack of awareness among societies. Past research suggest that there are two main energy conservation methods - technology fixed and behavioural approach. Technology fixed is based on instruments such as motion sensor control lighting and photovoltaic. Behavioural approach requires changes in human attitudes by using motivation, raising awareness and skill developing. This paper

Choong Weng Wai; Abdul Hakim Mohammed; Buang Alias

238

Modeling Physics.org: Quantitative Energy Calculations & Energy Conservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is a model assessment for introductory physics students on conservation of energy. It assesses both quantitative/mathematical skills in solving problems, as well as qualitative skills in creating energy bar graphs and flow diagrams. It is part of a larger set of curriculum materials, all of which are aligned with the Modeling Instruction pedagogical method of teaching.

2007-12-04

239

Conservation Energy Efficiency in theEnergy Efficiency in the  

E-print Network

Northwest Power and Conservation Council Energy Efficiency in theEnergy Efficiency in the Northwest power plants to beon 28 coal and nuclear power plants to be completed over a 20completed over a 20--year Terminate or mothball 9 nuclear and 5 coal plantsTerminate or mothball 9 nuclear and 5 coal plants at a cost

240

Risk of producing energy, and conserving it  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The idea that society can have a free lunch in the form of a risk-free energy system is rapidly fading away. All energy systems have some risk to human health, and for some it can be substantial. Nuclear power seems to have both a low occupational and public risk compared to other forms. In addition to this, research is presented with calculations on some of the risk associated with sealing up houses to keep heat in. When the effects of the accumulated radon are included; the risk per unit energy saved for this form of conservation can be great. Indeed, it appears to be much greater than the public risk of nuclear power.

Inhaber, H.; Caton, G.; Gove, R. M.

241

Alternative Energy Sources 6: Vol. 4: conservation\\/management\\/policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume provides information on conservation, and environment and safety. Energy planning and policies, rural energy programs, and energy management are other topics of discussion in this volume. Energy education is also highlighted in this collection of conservation, management and policy papers on alternative energy sources.

Verziroglu

1985-01-01

242

Education and Training for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

: an improved control system to conserve energy also provides the operator with more flexibil ity in his daily job; con tinuous and more accurate measurement of steam and other uti 1ity fl ows reduces work on month-end reports and makes preparation... Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 4-7, 1982 Util i ty Systems One of the most important educationa1 and training tasks is to make sure that engineers and operating personnel fully understand the design and operation of the Comp1ex uti 1i ty systems...

Sorotzkin, J.

1982-01-01

243

The Role of the Canadian Government in Industrial Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

conservation we have maintained the traditional cooperative relationship between government and industry in Canada and have been able to manage a successful energy conservation program with a minimum of government intervention and bureaucracy. Industry sets...

Godin, M. A.

1980-01-01

244

Thermodynamic Analysis for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

typical modern ethane cracker. The processing sequence was divided into subsections and the 'lost work' of each section quantified. Combustion and radiant heat transfer in the furnaces and boilers alone result in the loss of 50% of the availability...

Kenney, W. F.

1981-01-01

245

Skating on Thin Ice: Evolution of Conservation in Energy Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why are we physicists so often drawn into the nexus of energy policy and governance? There are several explanations. First, we are quite accustomed to this phenomenon of ``cause and effect,'' so we instinctively examine those two ends as well as the connections between them (i.e., what happens between a lump of coal and a light bulb). That way of thinking makes energy production and consumption intiminately connected and ``conservation'' naturally becomes a technological strategy rather than an appendage. Strangely, however, ``conservation'' in our society (called ``The Cowboy Economy'' by economist Kenneth Boulding) has been widely interpreted as competitive with supply and ridiculed as only a minor option, entailing denial of an amenity. After nearly a half-century of dialogue, innovation, and frustration, the rationality of what I call the ``physics'' perspective seems to have come of age. The evolution of relevant science and technology and public policy has advanced markedly, reflected and sustained at the national level by a succession of organizations. The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the Federal Office of Energy Conservation, the Federal Energy Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Not surprisingly, physicists continue to play key roles in the inculcation of science and analysis into the policy and governance. This requires, as implied by C.P. Snow, a bridging and strengthening of the thin ice between science and society. We still have a long road to travel.

Gibbons, Jack

2009-05-01

246

Systematic energy conservation management guide. Volume 9. Analyzing capital projects in energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volume 9 is designed to provide the basic tools, concepts, and techniques of financial management needed to analyze capital energy conservation projects. Capital budgeting is discussed in Section 1 followed by a complete discussion in Section 2 on capital budgeting principles, ranging from the concept of the time value of money to capital rationing. Each concept is discussed in detail

Tibrewala

1978-01-01

247

76 FR 52854 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...standards for appliances are based on the definitions of...the executive branch based on the principles enumerated...of programs and/or projects. The ``Energy Conservation...level) were developed based on DOE testing and reversing...supply to maintain the microcontroller chip while the...

2011-08-24

248

77 FR 32307 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Register in a separate notice. 6. Need of the Nation To Conserve Energy...depending on the individual needs of each manufacturer. These...rulemaking, and DOE does not need to prepare an Environmental...Executive Order 12988, ``Civil Justice Reform,'' imposes on...

2012-05-31

249

Opportunities for energy conservation through biotechnology  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to identify and quantify potential energy savings available through the development and application of biotechnologies. This information is required in support of ECUT research planning efforts as an aid in identifying promising areas needing further consideration and development. It is also intended as background information for a companion ECUT study being conducted by the National Academy of Science to evaluate the use of bioprocessing methods to conserve energy. Several studies have been conducted recently to assess the status and implications of the development of biotechnology. The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) considered institutional, economic, and scientific problems and barriers. The National Science Foundation sponsored a study to examine regulatory needs for this new and expanding technology. Somewhat in contrast to these studies, this report covers principally the technical issues. It should be emphasized that the practicality of many developments in biotechnology is not evaluated solely on the basis of energy considerations. Bioprocesses must often compete with well-established coal, petroleum, and natural gas technologies. A complete evaluation of the technical, economical, and ecological impacts of the large-scale applications discussed in this report is not possible within the scope of this study. Instead, this report assesses the potential of biotechnology to save energy so that research into all aspects of implementation will be stimulated for those industries with significant energy savings potential. 92 references, 6 figures, 24 tables.

Young, J.K.; Griffin, E.A.; Russell, J.A.

1984-11-01

250

Strategy Plan Strengthens Energy Conservation Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Department of Energy's Schools and Hospitals Program has been popular among schools. The necessity of locating nonfederal resources to achieve energy management warrants (1) developing a strategy of evaluation among schools and (2) market research and analysis. (CJH)

Minning, William R.

1987-01-01

251

Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

1992-01-01

252

BPA's Eighth Annual Energy Conservation Management Conference : Proceedings.  

SciTech Connect

The five-year energy conservation program at Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is described at the conference. An overview of the program is presented. Topics covered in panel discussions include: how utilities can work effectively with weatherization contractors, homebuilders, energy auditors, and weatherization material suppliers; mechanisms for implementing conservation programs in the commercial sector; experiences gained in existing residential weatherization programs; and streamlining relationships between consumers, utilities, and BPA in providing services and getting feedback. The planning, programming, technical assistance, and engineering thrusts of BPA's conservation programs are discussed. Indoor air quality, renewable energy, and the regulator's role in relationships to energy conservation are discussed. Passive solar programs, DOE initiatives in solar and conservation for buildings, conservation potential in the commercial and industrial sectors, and current conservation research and development are also discussed. (MCW)

Energy Conservation Management Conference (8th : 1981); United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1981-01-01

253

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2010-01-01

254

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2011-01-01

255

Low Cost/No Cost Energy Conservation Opportunities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Funding for energy conservation projects will not likely increase over the next 5 years. Naval activities will, however, still be responsible for their energy consumption reduction goals. In this new environment, energy managers will have to consider low ...

M. Rocha

1996-01-01

256

Energy conservation strategies for Army installations. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes research to identify problems in current energy conservation programs and identify the policies, programs, and research efforts needed to support and improve the effectiveness of these programs. The study described in this report evaluated the energy decision-making and energy management processes at the installation level and in scoped and organized problems associated with effective conservation and cost

Hittle

1984-01-01

257

Energy consumption, cost and conservation in the steel industry  

SciTech Connect

Integrated steel plant energy costs are 20 to 25% of operating costs. International and domestic steel production capability, energy consumption and cost trends will be noted along with general procurement activities. Legislative/regulatory constraints, past energy conservation practices and future conservation/efficiency challenges.

Martocci, A.P. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States). Corporate Energy Affairs

1995-07-01

258

Energy Conservation Management for School Administrators: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information concerning energy conservation management is presented to aid school administrators in improving the energy efficiency of their buildings and programs. Three general topics are discussed: (1) the general nature and unique characteristics of school energy management; (2) initial steps in developing a conservation program, including…

Lukco, Bernard J.

259

Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Petroleum Refining.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of the analysis presented here is improved recovery (and use) of waste heat at existing petroleum refineries. The major energy-conservation opportunities associated with waste heat are systematically examined both physically and in terms of cost. The opportunities at the Study Refinery are systematically examined in detail. The presentation begins with an overview of the processes carried out in contemporary petroleum refineries including discussion of typical energy use. There follows a brief thermodynamic description of refinery energy flows with an emphasis on heat and on energy-efficiency analysis. The heart of the thesis is Chapters 3-5 describing heat recovery opportunities involving, respectively: extraction and use of heat from combustion gases being discharged through stacks, the exchange of heat between product streams, and uses for low-temperature waste heat. In Chapter 6, a unifying economic concept is introduced (with details in the Appendix): a "supply curve" for saved energy. This describes the potential rate of energy savings in barrels of oil-equivalent per year (in analogy with production capacity of oil or gas fields), as a function of the cost of saved energy in dollars per barrel (in analogy with the production cost of energy). The nature of the distribution is, of course, for the cost of saved energy to increase with increasing energy savings. In this chapter, estimates are presented for the energy conservation opportunities other than waste heat at the Study Refinery. All the opportunities are then summarized in a single supply curve. The extraordinary result in a cost-effective opportunity to reduce refinery energy use by some 26% at 1984 prices. This translates into roughly a 1 energy-cost reduction per 42-gallon barrel of petroleum input. Of course, investments are required; the net benefit would be about 1.5 cents per gallon of product. This would be a major benefit in relation to typical refinery earnings. The concluding chapter includes a discussion of which projects are likely to be carried out at the Study Refinery, and why many, perhaps most, will not. (Unfortunately the author--WGL--did not prepare more than a rough draft of the concluding chapter.). The importance of this dissertation is two-fold: First, it provides a systematic overview of the opportunity to save energy and reduce energy costs in petroleum refining, combined with an analysis of the specific opportunities at a major refinery. Such an analysis has not been presented in the public literature for any major industrial facility in the U.S. Second, it provides clear physical explanations of the heat recovery options and of the reasons why some options are more advantageous than others.

Larsen, William Gale

1990-01-01

260

Energy conservation study on Agripac Processing Plant, Salem, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

An energy study on electrical energy using systems was performed at Agripac plant No. 1 in Salem, Oregon, in the late summer and fall of 1984. The plant processes mainly green beans, corn and squash. The respective products are inspected, prepared and graded, after which they are either canned or frozen in freeze tunnels or cold storage cells. The canned products are sent through pressure cookers. In the case of green beans and corn, some of the product is frozen in freeze tunnels and dumped into tote bins for the repack operation, while some is packaged in cartons and quick frozen in blast freeze cells. For squash, all the product processed is put into cartons and frozen in the cells. Energy conservation measures were calculated using a simple payback analysis. Conservation measures have been evaluated interactively to avoid overestimating savings, assuming that measures that are cost effective will be implemented as a package. In some cases, mutually exclusive conservation measures have been considered for a single application. These have been presented as an either/or measure. Details of the options are included in the text and the calculation sheets.

Not Available

1985-01-15

261

The conservation nexus: valuing interdependent water and energy savings in Arizona.  

PubMed

Water and energy resources are intrinsically linked, yet they are managed separately--even in the water-scarce American southwest. This study develops a spatially explicit model of water-energy interdependencies in Arizona and assesses the potential for cobeneficial conservation programs. The interdependent benefits of investments in eight conservation strategies are assessed within the context of legislated renewable energy portfolio and energy efficiency standards. The cobenefits of conservation are found to be significant. Water conservation policies have the potential to reduce statewide electricity demand by 0.82-3.1%, satisfying 4.1-16% of the state's mandated energy-efficiency standard. Adoption of energy-efficiency measures and renewable generation portfolios can reduce nonagricultural water demand by 1.9-15%. These conservation cobenefits are typically not included in conservation plans or benefit-cost analyses. Many cobenefits offer negative costs of saved water and energy, indicating that these measures provide water and energy savings at no net cost. Because ranges of costs and savings for water-energy conservation measures are somewhat uncertain, future studies should investigate the cobenefits of individual conservation strategies in detail. Although this study focuses on Arizona, the analysis can be extended elsewhere as renewable portfolio and energy efficiency standards become more common nationally and internationally. PMID:24460528

Bartos, Matthew D; Chester, Mikhail V

2014-02-18

262

Energy Conservation: An Examination of Energy Conservation Mechanisms As They Relate to School Districts in Region XI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to supply information on energy conservation mechanisms that can be employed in schools to the public schools of Minnesota. The report begins by presenting guidelines for developing an energy conservation plan. The two models include the concept of Total Educational Energy Management as developed by the Colorado Department of…

Kerns, Marilyn

263

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy conservation standards and...Red Arrow 12 9 12? Green Ball 15 15 8?...

2010-01-01

264

Energy: Consumption, cost and conservation in the steel industry  

SciTech Connect

As part of the US steel industry`s effort to be competitive worldwide, energy consumption and costs/ton of steel need to be equal to or below major foreign competitors. The US steel industry has made significant improvements in reducing energy consumption/ton of steel by more than 40% between 1975 and 1994. Historically, energy conservation was driven by cost reduction. Energy cost reduction has two aspects, which need to remain separate: reduction of energy unit cost; and reduction of energy consumption per ton of steel product. Current and future energy conservation efforts and targets are interwoven with environmental concerns. Costs remain an important factor. Effective energy conservation requires a high-priority action plan. This plan should include both specific goals with existing equipment and processes, and strategic planning for new equipment and processes that includes energy conservation as one of the priorities. Periodic audits should also be a key part of the plan.

Martocci, A.P. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States). Corporate Energy Affairs

1996-12-01

265

Investment Analysis: Proper Risk Evaluation makes Conservation Projects the RIGHT CHOICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investment opportunities in renewable and low environmental impact generation capacity are abundant, and green energy has become the media darling. In the shadows of this limelight are probably better opportunities for investment-conservation projects. Proper risk analysis is the essential tool used to divine between stereotypically mundane conservation projects and the more glamorous green power ones.Business analysts measure investment opportunities based

Mark S. Sankey

2009-01-01

266

Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing  

E-print Network

from waste heat streams for reuse in the processing operations. This paper addresses the recovery of waste heat and the storage of thermal energy as a means of energy conservation in food processing. An energy conservation project in a poultry...

Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

1980-01-01

267

Energy conserving interior window treatments. Final progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This final report summarizes the results of a project to develop, evaluate, revise, demonstrate, and disseminate a booklet and four slide\\/tape presentations concerning energy conserving interior window treatments. The purpose was to train home economists in Utah so that they could teach others how to construct, mount, and select energy conserving interior window treatments. As a result, 33 home economists

Windley

1983-01-01

268

Conservation of energy of a rollercoaster using high speed video  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A high speed video clip of a roller coaster is used as an example of conservation of mechanical energy. Student use the video to determine whether mechanical energy is conserved while the roller coaster rolls up, and then back down a hil.

Bohacek, Peter

269

Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 3. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This notebook for grade 3 is one of a series developed in response to the concern for energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade three. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and…

Pohlman, Betty; And Others

270

City of Austin, Energy Conservation Commission first annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the city of Austin, an Energy Conservation Commission was established in January, 1974 to study various methods of conserving energy and to make recommendations to the City Council. A summary of the programs and related data includes: minimum insulation standards for new frame structures; increased insulation requirements for duct work and steam condensate pipe; Dr. Jerold Jones Study-- ''Residential

R. Whorrall; J. Gallery; M. Holder

1975-01-01

271

Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 6. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity notebook for grade 6 is one of a series developed in response to the concern for energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade six. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and…

Pohlman, Betty; And Others

272

Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 5. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity notebook for grade 5 is one of a series developed in response to energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade five. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and objectives, and…

Pohlman, Betty; And Others

273

Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development work can provide unique solutions to the railroad industry in energy the conservation. (1) Alternate Fuels - An examination of various blends of bio-based diesel fuels for the railroad industry, using Norfolk Southern as a model for the industry. The team determined that bio-diesel fuel is a suitable alternative to using straight diesel fuel, however, the cost and availability across the country varies to a great extent. (2) Utilization of fuel cells for locomotive power systems - While the application of the fuel cell has been successfully demonstrated in the passenger car, this is a very advanced topic for the railroad industry. There are many safety and power issues that the research team examined. (3) Thermal and emission reduction for current large scale diesel engines - The current locomotive system generates large amount of heat through engine cooling and heat dissipation when the traction motors are used to decelerate the train. The research team evaluated thermal management systems to efficiently deal with large thermal loads developed by the operating engines. (4) Use of Composite and Exotic Replacement Materials - Research team redesigned various components using new materials, coatings, and processes to provide the needed protection. Through design, analysis, and testing, new parts that can withstand the hostile environments were developed. (5) Tribology Applications - Identification of tribology issues in the Railroad industry which play a significant role in the improvement of energy usage. Research team analyzed and developed solutions which resulted in friction modification to improve energy efficiency.

Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

2009-12-31

274

The effectiveness of government initiatives in energy conservation  

E-print Network

Energy policy in the US is characterized by two motivations: to stem the flow of currency to the oil producing nations, and to prevent energy prices rising as much as it is now being feared they will. Conservation has been ...

Boshier, John F.

1978-01-01

275

Energy Conservation Measures at an Automotive Instructional Facility  

E-print Network

Energy consumption and costs to operate an automotive technical training facility at Texas State Technical Institute in Waco have been significantly reduced through implementation of several energy conservation measures. This paper reviews building...

Godsey, F. W.

1989-01-01

276

Energy conserving electrical power control circuit  

SciTech Connect

An energy conserving circuit for controlling supply of electrical power to various loads such as a street lamp or a hot water heater comprises a photoelectric device for starting a timer when a change from daylight to dark is sensed at sundown, and a load power control responsive to the timer to switch between power-off and power-on states. With a street lamp the timer and power control means are connected to switch the power control means to power-on state at the beginning of the delay period at sundown and later, well before sunrise, to switch to power-off state. In the case of a household hot water heater the switching of the power control to power-on state is delayed until the peak demand hours have ended after sundown. The photoelectric device will normally cause the power control to switch to poweroff state at sunrise. But a second timer may be added which is responsive to the photoelectric device to start a second timing period ending after normal sunrise so that switching to power-off will occur if the photoelectric device does not or cannot respond to sunrise.

Grady, J.K.

1982-12-07

277

Energy conservation at The University of Miami  

SciTech Connect

The University of Miami (UM) has embarked on a very important and worthwhile mission: {open_quotes}To make UM one of the most energy efficient Universities in the Nation by the year 2000.{close_quotes} In order for the University to meet this goal we knew we would need to take advantage of all the available technologies and address the freon issues. In June 1990 the Coral Gables Campus had five chilled Water Production Plants, each representing small independent systems serving from four to ten buildings. Because of energy conservation measures of the past (i.e. elimination, reheat, first generation lighting retrofits, and some diversity), each plant had excess capacity. At that time we also had identified about 600 tons of old falling apart air conditioning equipment. Our Capital Construction Program was beginning design efforts for a new Music Recital Hall and an addition to the Law Library. With all this considered it made sense to develop a common chilled water loop to connect these plants and provide a vehicle to capitalize on available capacity. As this concept took shape it became evident that a master chilled water loop encircling the entire campus would address the next 20 years of campus development. This 20 year plan would require various phases of development. Phase I would connect three chilled water production plants and enable us to supply chilled water to seven existing facilities with approximately 600 tons of old inefficient air conditioning equipment and supply chilled water to the new Law and Music facilities, (approximately 400 tons) without buying any additional chillers.

Atherton, V.; Anzoategui, F.

1995-06-01

278

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

279

A Journal of Integrative Biology Phylogeographic and Conservation Genetic Analysis  

E-print Network

A Journal of Integrative Biology Phylogeographic and Conservation Genetic Analysis of the Black), Manaus, AM, Brazil 2 Biology Department, University of Puerto Rico--Rio Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico 3 IP. 2008. Phylogeographic and conservation genetic analysis of the black caiman (Melanosuchus niger

Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

280

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2010-07-01

281

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2014-07-01

282

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2012-07-01

283

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2013-07-01

284

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2011-07-01

285

10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy...436—Energy Program Conservation Elements (a) In all successful energy conservation programs, certain key elements need to be present. The...

2012-01-01

286

10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy...436—Energy Program Conservation Elements (a) In all successful energy conservation programs, certain key elements need to be present. The...

2013-01-01

287

10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements  

...false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy...436—Energy Program Conservation Elements (a) In all successful energy conservation programs, certain key elements need to be present. The...

2014-01-01

288

Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

Grossman, Andrew James

289

Industrial Conservation Technology Energy Savings Monitoring System  

E-print Network

) is described. Included are examples of the implementation steps using two industrial conservation technologies, a ceramic recuperator and a textile foam finishing technology. The paper concludes with a summary of the system benefits to government and industry....

Crowell, J. J.; Phipps, H. R., Jr.

1980-01-01

290

Direct and indirect conservation of fossil-fuel energy: the influence of financial and philosophical motivators and available human resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research was conducted as a secondary analysis of data collected during the evaluation of a statewide household energy audit conducted at Michigan State University. Energy-consumption data from utility and oil companies served as the measure of direct conservation. Indirect conservation was investigated through the analysis of self-reported participation in a variety of behaviors collectively defined as voluntary simplicity. The

1982-01-01

291

Marketing: an approach to successful energy-conservation information programs  

SciTech Connect

This monograph shows how the adoption of a marketing approach can improve the quality of the development and delivery of energy-conservation programs. Several factors make the use of such a marketing approach to conservation particularly beneficial, namely: (1) goals of conservation programs can be quantified (e.g., specified amount of energy to be saved); in addition, intermediate effects necessary for program success are also measureable (e.g., knowledge, attitude change, etc); (2) there is an apparent and increasing need for conservation by different parts (or sectors) of the population; however, it is clear that the desire for conservation is not the same for all sectors; (3) conservation programs can be thought of in much the same way as products with benefits and costs; this necessitates an understanding of how the population makes conservation decisions so that the program can fit into that decision process; (4) the need to tailor programs to the needs of the population is heightened by the general competition for the consumer dollar; it is necessary to design and present programs in a way that the individual will view conservation as an attractive choice among many (e.g., bank savings, buying clothes, furniture, car, etc.); and (5) the population's response to, and need for conservation is constantly changing; consequently, it is important to realize that these changes may need to be reflected in the conservation programs themselves (both ongoing and new).

Hutton, R. B.; McNeill, D. L.

1980-08-01

292

Measures and Investment Options for Community Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

on the utilization of two micro-computer programs, Predesign Energy Simulation Program (PREP), and Demand Side Planner (DSP). PREP was used to evaluate individual changes in energy consumption in four typical residential units found in the San Antonio area... by simulating changes in electric and gas consumption due to different energy conservation measures. The DSP model analyzed the relationship between the benefits and costs of specific conservation and load management program investment alternatives. Figure...

Myers, M. S.; Korinchock, D.

1986-01-01

293

Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective  

E-print Network

of the Day (h) Figure 4. Daily Electricity Consumption of a Peak Day in Kuwait for 2003. 3. ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM This section explains advances made by the Buildings and Energy Technologies Department (BET), of the Environmental and Urban...’s fifth strategic plan to reduce electricity consumption by 10%, BET department of KISR has been working for the development of an advanced code for energy conservation in A/C buildings under a MOE- sponsored research...

Hajiah, A. E.

2006-01-01

294

Advances in Energy Conservation of China Steel Industry  

PubMed Central

The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980–2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011–2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

2013-01-01

295

Advances in energy conservation of China steel industry.  

PubMed

The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980-2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011-2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

2013-01-01

296

Effects of television modeling on residential energy conservation  

PubMed Central

A combination of social marketing, communications, social learning (particularly modeling), and behavior analysis may provide an effective framework for behavior change via films and television. We used this approach in developing special television programs about residential energy conservation. The programs were tailored and directed to preselected middle-class homeowners (N = 150), and delivered over a public access channel of a cable TV system. The results indicated that after one program exposure (about 20 minutes), viewers adopted simple strategies modeled in the programs which led to savings of approximately 10% on their home energy use for a substantial part of the cooling and heating season. Although the potential benefits to costs of large-scale media efforts seemed great, institutional barriers for such programs were identified. Less expensive, more local programs seem more viable. PMID:16795683

Winett, Richard A.; Leckliter, Ingrid N.; Chinn, Donna E.; Stahl, Brian; Love, Susie Q.

1985-01-01

297

Power Conditioning and Control Applications for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

as possessing significant potential for energy conserving applications: switching power supplies, high frequency ballasts and AC synthesizers. On a national basis, it was estimated that industry could conserve 8.5, 42.2, 109.7 terawatt-hrs. (1012 watt...

Brushwood, J. S.

1982-01-01

298

Energy conservation manual for builders in the Mid-Columbia Basin area  

SciTech Connect

Results of a comprehensive cost-effectiveness evaluation of energy conservation measures currently available for use in typical residential buildings are presented. Section 2 discusses construction techniques for energy-efficient buildings and presents estimates of the cost of incorporating the conservation measures in the prototype building, the resultant annual energy savings, and the value of that annual energy savings based upon typical regional fuel prices. In Section 3 this information is summarized to prioritize conservation investments according to their economic effectiveness and offer general recommendations to home builders. Appendix A contains detailed information pertaining to the energy consumption calculations. Appendix B presents the methodology, assumptions, and results of a detail cash flow analysis of each of the conservation items for which sufficient performance and cost data are currently available. (MCW)

Mazzucchi, R.P.; Nieves, L.A.; Hopp, W.J.

1981-03-01

299

Assessment of industrial energy conservation by unit processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The investment required to produce a given amount of conservation, the amount of conservation to be accomplished before costs equal those of new supply, and how a given investment should be allocated to yield the largest energy savings are questions addressed from the perspective of energy use in industrial unit operations. It was found that: a real energy minimum exists which is distinct from the process thermodynamic limit and this minimum represents the limit to conservation; cost/energy relationships for an industrial process can be described to first approximation by a single technology parameter which is characteristic of that particular technology; the technology parameter permits competing technologies to be ranked by energy saving potential for a given investment; and government investment in conservation can be allocated for greatest return using the technology parameters of, and the fractions of energy use by, each of the unit operations. Energy embodied in conservation equipment may, under certain circumstances, decrease the rate at which the benefits of conservation appear in national energy accounts.

Phung, D. L.; Vangool, W.; Boyd, D. A.; Casavant, D.; Devine, W. D., Jr.; Plasa, H.; Pollard, W. G.

1980-03-01

300

Energy conservation potential in Taiwanese textile industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Taiwan lacks sufficient self-produced energy, increasing energy efficiency and energy savings are essential aspects of Taiwan’s energy policy. This work summarizes the energy savings implemented by 303 firms in Taiwan’s textile industry from the on-line Energy Declaration System in 2008. It was found that the total implemented energy savings amounted to 46,074ton of oil equivalent (TOE). The energy saving

Gui-Bing Hong; Te-Li Su; Jenq-Daw Lee; Tsung-Chi Hsu; Hua-Wei Chen

2010-01-01

301

41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...accesses closed during the heating and cooling...

2010-07-01

302

41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...accesses closed during the heating and cooling...

2012-01-01

303

41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...accesses closed during the heating and cooling...

2011-01-01

304

41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...accesses closed during the heating and cooling...

2013-07-01

305

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small electric motors energy conservation standards and...

2012-01-01

306

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small electric motors energy conservation standards and...

2013-01-01

307

78 FR 62488 - Energy Conservation Program: Compliance Date for the Dehumidifier Test Procedure  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the existing energy conservation standards, with the...any amended energy conservation standards enacted in...future that incorporate measures of standby mode and...which incorporates measures of active mode, standby...compliance with energy conservation standards, but...

2013-10-22

308

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation standards amendments...

2014-01-01

309

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section...EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of Commerce shall develop an...

2010-01-01

310

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section...EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of Commerce shall develop an...

2014-01-01

311

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section...EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of Commerce shall develop an...

2013-01-01

312

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section...EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of Commerce shall develop an...

2012-01-01

313

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section...EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of Commerce shall develop an...

2011-01-01

314

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section 73.81 Protection...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation...

2011-07-01

315

78 FR 79638 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Proposed Determination of Hearth Products as a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...A of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act...Authority Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of...explored in any future energy conservation standards...National Environmental Policy Act of 1969...

2013-12-31

316

Supplementing Conservation Practices with Alternative Energy Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and colleges have two major roles: to reduce their own energy consumption and costs, and to develop and test new energy options. Alternative energy sources considered include solar energy, wind power, biomass, hydropower, ocean energy, geothermal heat, coal, and nuclear energy. (MLW)

Kraetsch, Gayla A.

1981-01-01

317

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

2010-01-01

318

10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

2010-01-01

319

10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

2011-01-01

320

10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

2011-01-01

321

10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

2010-01-01

322

Designing for Energy Conservation - The Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital  

E-print Network

efficient and economically constructed has the winning combination. This paper details the design concepts of a 1984 Grand Award winner, the Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital, in the Fourth Annual Energy Conservation Design Award Competition....

Wiernik, L. B.; Ranzau, P. A.

1984-01-01

323

The Institutional Conservation Program: A Funding Option for Energy Retrofits  

E-print Network

The Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) provides matching grants to K-12 schools, colleges/universities, and hospitals for energy-related retrofit studies and the implementation of capital projects identified, analyzed, and recommended...

Roberts, M.

1988-01-01

324

Cooling Towers- Energy Conservation Strategies Understanding Cooling Towers  

E-print Network

Cooling towers are energy conservation devices that Management, more often than not, historically overlooks in the survey of strategies for plant operating efficiencies. The utilization of the colder water off the cooling tower is the money maker!...

Smith, M.

325

Dissipative Particle Dynamics with Energy Conservation: Heat Conduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study by means of numerical simulations the model of dissipative particle dynamics with energy conservation for the simple case of thermal conduction. It is shown that the model displays correct equilibrium fluctuations and reproduces Fourier law. The connection between \\

Marisol Ripoll; Pep Español; Matthieu H. Ernst

1999-01-01

326

Refinery Energy Conservation Experience with Enhanced Surface Reboilers  

E-print Network

Examples of refinery services where existing reboilers were retubed or replaced with enhanced High Flux tubing to better utilize or conserve energy are reported. (1) Retubing an existing toluene column reboiler permitted the use of low cost 115...

Ragi, E. G.; O'Neill, P. S.

1981-01-01

327

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section 101-25.112 Public Contracts and Property Management ...PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT 25-GENERAL 25.1-General Policies §...

2012-07-01

328

ECASTAR: Energy conservation. An assessment of systems, technologies and requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology was presented for a systems approach to energy conservation actions and their potentials and impacts in the United States. Constraints affecting the approach were ranked, and the most important ones are the present economic and technical conditions. The following unresolved issues were identified: consumptive lifestyles vs. conservation ethic, environmental standards vs. energy conservation, capital availability, decentralization and vertical integration vs. centralization, fuel rich regions vs. fuel poor regions, supply vs. end use conservation, life cycle costing vs. initial cost, mandatory savings vs. voluntary savings, labor intensive vs. capital intensive, price control vs. free market. The following recommendations were made: provide action/impact assessment, establish regional energy centers, improve technology articulation with government, design total energy systems, utilize existing systems approach expertise.

1975-01-01

329

Potential cost savings from investments in energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

A comparative analysis is presented of the levelized costs of selected irrigation systems, with an emphasis on the costs and benefits of energy savings. The net economic benefits are evaluated, measured as energy cost savings minus additional capital and operating costs, of some energy-conserving systems. Energy use in irrigation and descriptions of both the conventional and the energy-saving technologies involved in the analysis are discussed. The approach used in the analysis is outlined, and comparative analysis results are discussed. Detailed cost information is presented by state. (LEW)

Patton, W.P.; Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.; Sherman, K.L.

1982-10-01

330

Household energy conservation attitudes and behaviors in the Northwest: Tracking changes between 1983 and 1985  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has analyzed the changes in consumer energy conservation attitudes and behaviors in the Pacific Northwest between 1983 and 1985. The information was collected through stratified random telephone surveys on 2000 and 1058 households, respectively, for 1983 and 1985 in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area in Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Western Montana. This report covers four topic areas and tests two hypotheses. The topics are as follows: consumer perceptions and attitudes of energy use and conservation in the home; consumer perceptions of energy institutions and other entities; past and intended conservation actions and investments; and segmentation of homeowners into market prospect groups. The hypotheses tested are as follows: (1) There has been no change in the size and psychographic make-up of the original three market segments found in the 1983 survey analysis; and (2) image profiles of institutions with respect to familiarity, overall impression, and believability as sources of energy conservation information remain unchanged since 1983.

Fang, J.M.; Hattrup, M.P.; Nordi, R.T.; Shankle, S.A.; Ivey, D.L.

1987-05-01

331

Energy conservation in small meat, poultry and dairy processing plants  

SciTech Connect

Energy audits were performed in twenty-three small (generally under 50 employees) meat, poultry and dairy processing plants. Energy conservation opportunities with the greatest potential for net gain in a plant are listed and discussed. Relationships between product throughput and energy consumption are reported.

Hausen, C.L.; Fields, E.L.; Huff, R.C.

1983-06-01

332

Module 3: Energy Conservation in Agriculture: Part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Eastern Iowa Community College provides this learning module to teach students about energy conservation in agriculture, lighting efficiency, efficient equipment, efficient tillage practices, and a number of other topics related to agricultural energy. Users can download a zip file in which they will find a syllabus, student handouts, Energy Log activity, and 65 slide PowerPoint presentation.

2013-11-20

333

Sample Energy Conservation Education Activities for Elementary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet contains learning activities for introducing energy and conservation concepts into the existing elementary school curriculum. The activities were developed by Palm Beach County teachers during a one-week workshop. A framework of ideas is divided into three functional categories: universe of energy, living systems and energy, and social…

Allen, Rodney F., Ed.; LaHart, David E., Ed.

334

Pipe Insulation Model for Energy Conservation in Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Piping insulation as an energy conservation measure was studied for a commercial facility. A model with a flowchart for steam piping insulation was developed. By applying a simplified method and energy data for the facility, the methodology calculates the current energy consumption and future operating costs, savings, and simple payback for an upgrade of the piping system with recommended fiberglass

Emmanuel C. Nsofor; Veera Vijay

2011-01-01

335

Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy  

E-print Network

Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Greater Sage associated with wind energy development on greater sage-grouse populations. We hypothesized that greater sage-grouse nest, brood, and adult survival would decrease with increasing proximity to wind energy infrastructure

Beck, Jeffrey L.

336

*indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

FOR CERTIFICATION FOR THE Docket No. 05-AFC-03 SUN VALLEY ENERGY PROJECT PROOF OF SERVICE (Revised 2/11/13) SERVICE*indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 1516 NINTH STREET, SACRAMENTO, CA 95814 1-800-822-6228 ­ WWW.ENERGY.CA.GOV APPLICATION

337

Energy use and conservation trends, 1972--1986  

SciTech Connect

US trends in energy use and conservation since 1972 are analyzed in this report. That year represents the last year prior to significant energy price shocks. In 1986, an estimated 31.8 quads has been saved in the US compared with what consumption would have been if the energy use per dollar of GNP had continued on the same trend after 1972 as in the period 1960--1972. Actual US energy consumption in 1986 was 74.3 quads. It is clear that energy conservation is persistent and conservation investments continue to pay off even after initial energy price shocks have subsided. Separate analyses have been conducted for the major end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation). Savings have been estimated in each sector, and the factors contributing to sectoral savings identified. 19 refs., 23 figs., 26 tabs.

Klan, M.S.; Belzer, D.B.; Marsh, S.J.; Moore, N.L.; Roop, J.M.; Sands, R.D.

1989-02-01

338

Policy Options for Energy Conservation (82), a Checklist of Legislation to Conserve Energy Prepared for Consideration of Legislation Leaders of the Northeast.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This checklist of legislation contains policy options for the conservation of energy in the Northeast. The 82 recommendations were made for conservation in the following areas: (1) saving energy in all buildings; (2) saving energy in residential construct...

1977-01-01

339

Solar energy: will it conserve nonrenewable resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines three solar energy applications: heating, thermal electric, and photovoltaic. Designs for these alternatives have recently been developed so that we can predict the magnitude of the material quantities for the commercial application of solar energy. If solar energy applications are to be economically successful, the energy consumed for fabricating, constructing, and operating such plants must be less

Baron

1978-01-01

340

Energy Conservation Utilizing Wireless Dimmable Lighting Control  

E-print Network

Energy Efficiency with Personal Lighting Preferences Light level tuning · Generates energy savings lighting control is not only energy efficient but also highly satisfactory #12;5 Research Goal Goal" ­ Allow each occupant to control the lights ­ Allow each light to be actuated separately · Energy-efficient

Agogino, Alice M.

341

Federal energy efficiency and water conservation funding study  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of a study required by section 162 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct). It outlines options for financing energy and water conservation measures at Federal facilities as required by Part 3 of Title V of the National Energy Policy and Conservation Act (NECPA) (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.) as amended by EPAct. It addresses: (1) the estimated Federal financial investment necessary to install energy and water conservation measures to meet NECPA and Executive Order requirements; (2) the use of revolving funds and other funding mechanisms which offer stable, long-term financing of energy and water conservation measures; and (3) the means for capitalizing such funds. On March 8, 1994, President Clinton signed Executive Order 12902. This Executive Order is an aggressive mandate to improve energy efficiency and water conservation in Federal buildings nationwide. This Executive Order is designed to meet and exceed requirements for Federal energy and water efficiency that were contained in section 152 of EPAct. Section 152 mandated that Federal agencies use all cost effective measures with less than a ten year payback to reduce energy consumption in their facilities by 20% by the year 2000 compared to 1985 levels. In addition, Executive Order 12902 established a requirement to use cost effective measures to reduce energy use by fiscal year 2005 by 30% compared to 1985 energy use. This report provides estimates for the energy and water conservation investments needed to achieve the NECPA and Executive Order goals as well as estimates for the contribution from various funding sources and a review of the mechanisms for funding these investments.

NONE

1998-01-01

342

An approach to enhance the conservation-compatibility of solar energy development.  

PubMed

The rapid pace of climate change poses a major threat to biodiversity. Utility-scale renewable energy development (>1 MW capacity) is a key strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but development of those facilities also can have adverse effects on biodiversity. Here, we examine the synergy between renewable energy generation goals and those for biodiversity conservation in the 13 M ha Mojave Desert of the southwestern USA. We integrated spatial data on biodiversity conservation value, solar energy potential, and land surface slope angle (a key determinant of development feasibility) and found there to be sufficient area to meet renewable energy goals without developing on lands of relatively high conservation value. Indeed, we found nearly 200,000 ha of lower conservation value land below the most restrictive slope angle (<1%); that area could meet the state of California's current 33% renewable energy goal 1.8 times over. We found over 740,000 ha below the highest slope angle (<5%)--an area that can meet California's renewable energy goal seven times over. Our analysis also suggests that the supply of high quality habitat on private land may be insufficient to mitigate impacts from future solar projects, so enhancing public land management may need to be considered among the options to offset such impacts. Using the approach presented here, planners could reduce development impacts on areas of higher conservation value, and so reduce trade-offs between converting to a green energy economy and conserving biodiversity. PMID:22685568

Cameron, D Richard; Cohen, Brian S; Morrison, Scott A

2012-01-01

343

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates. [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates. [Reserved] 431.446 Section 431.446 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2010-01-01

344

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2010-01-01

345

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2011-01-01

346

Energy Conservation Within the Paper Machine Room  

E-print Network

their startling waste of energy, the corrective measures taken to reduce this waste of energy, the potential for waste recovery and equipment available for waste heat recovery. Areas under study include the press section, paper machine dryer section, and machine...

Walker, P. J.; Erskine, K. J.

1979-01-01

347

The Nonlinear Spring and Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an air track experiment demonstrating the transfer of mechanical energy from elastic potential to kinetic. Discusses four methods for calculating energy stored in the spring. Included are pictures, typical data, and graphs. (YP)

Sherfinski, John

1989-01-01

348

Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself  

E-print Network

maintenance problems, and to determine if systems are operating as they're supposed to. This exercise should result in a report on the current status of your energy systems, with projections of future maintenance needs. Energy ~anagement Master Plan... responsible for the energy management program. The emphasis in these programs should be on motivation for saving energy and the no- or low-oost actions involved. II # # Cbmpletion of the steps discussed so far will give most organizations control...

McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

1982-01-01

349

Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents  

E-print Network

of capital which can be spent to save a unit of energy and still meet the criteria for profitability.' 'Investment Equivalents' can be calculated easily for any form of energy, at any location. The 'Investment Equivalent' can be used to screen energy saving...

Larson, R. J.

1984-01-01

350

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 5: Lighting Conservation Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the fifth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or part of a sequence of four modules on understanding utilities (see also modules 3, 6, and 7). The objective of this module is to train students to recognize…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

351

Basewide energy systems plan for Fort Gillem, Georgia; executive summary, facilities engineer conservation measures. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Increments A, B, F, and G of the Energy Engineering Analysis Program conducted at Fort Gillem, Georgia, by JRB Associates under Contract No. DACA21-80-C-0014. This report includes analyses of the energy patterns at the facility, and the identification and evaluation of energy conservation opportunities. The results obtained indicate that current energy use at Fort Gillem has risen 80 percent over FY 1975 figures.

NONE

1985-07-01

352

Financing residential energy conservation investment in the Northwest, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has analyzed how households in the Pacific Northwest financed their investments in energy conservation measures during the 1983-85 period, how they would finance their likely future investments, and related topics regarding conservation investments and financing. The information was collected through a stratified random telephone survey of householders conducted in October/November 1985 in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area in Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Western Montana. This information will be used by BPA to facilitate the planning, design, and implementation of relevant conservation programs such as the Residential Weatherization Program, and potential programs of bank and utility loans.

Fang, J.M.; Hattrup, M.P.; Nordi,, R.T.; Ivey, D.L.

1987-05-01

353

Overview of U. S. Department of Energy Program in Industrial Energy Conservation Technology Development  

E-print Network

the Second Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 13-16, 1980 ;..,.. -.. :... ;..' ..... "'''' ....... .. .. ".;, '. ...... :' in " !ij 2/4/80 m N Conservation and Solar Energy Exoeulivo Diroclor Kelly Sandy I ...... N... the Second Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 13-16, 1980 ;..,.. -.. :... ;..' ..... "'''' ....... .. .. ".;, '. ...... :' in " !ij 2/4/80 m N Conservation and Solar Energy Exoeulivo Diroclor Kelly Sandy I ...... N...

Massey, R. G.

1980-01-01

354

Energy Conservation in Process Chilled Water Systems  

E-print Network

as a function of part load ratio and tower water set point temperature. The energy use is given in the following non-dimensional form: AEU Eqn (6) EUF "'-- c c ACL 0.24 0.23 ~ 0.22 ............. ~P- 0.21 -.. ~ "-~ 0.2 d ? 0.19 ~ 0..., Houston, Tx, March 24-25, 1993 where: EUF dimensionless annual energy use factor ABU = annual energy use of system, kWh ACL = annual cooling load, kWh The two figures show how the combined energy use of Lhe chiller and cooling tower are related 1O...

Ambs, L. L.; DiBella, R. A.

355

Energy Conservation in the Home. Performance Based Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These ten performance-based lesson plans concentrate on tasks related to energy conservation in the home. They are (1) caulk cracks, holes, and joints; (2) apply weatherstripping to doors and windows; (3) add plastic/solar screen window covering; (4) arrange furniture for saving energy; (5) set heating/cooling thermostat; (6) replace faucet…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Home Economics Service.

356

Energy Conservation in the Food Industry : Terminal Flour Mill.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an energy study that was conducted at Terminal Flour Mill in Portland, Oregon. Terminal Flour Mill is one of five food industry (SIC 20) plants that are being studied. Energy conservation measures (ECM's) are divided into two groups; operation and maintenance (O and M) measures, and equipment modification measures.

United Industries Corporation.

1985-03-01

357

Conservation of Mechanical and Electric Energy: Simple Experimental Verification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two similar experiments on conservation of energy and transformation of mechanical into electrical energy are presented. Both can be used in classes, as they offer numerous possibilities for discussion with students and are simple to perform. Results are presented and are precise within 20% for the version of the experiment where measured values…

Ponikvar, D.; Planinsic, G.

2009-01-01

358

Energy Conservation in the Food Industry : Tree Top, Cashmere Plant.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an energy study that was conducted at Tree Top, Incorporated in Cashmere, Washington. Tree Top is one of five food industry (SIC 20) plants that are being studied. Energy conservation measures (ECM's) are divided into two groups; operation and maintenance (O and M) measures, and equipment modification measures.

United Industries Corporation.

1985-02-01

359

Citibank offers small firms energy-conservation loans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small businesses will be able to borrow money for energy conservation from Citibank, which learned that commercial banks rarely make this type of loan to small businesses unless the loan request is designated as business improvement. Businesses should document contractors' estimates of energy savings that will result from the renovation, but no loans will be made solely on the basis

Pospisil

1983-01-01

360

Landscape Design and Nursery Operation for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Landforms, vegetation, water bodies, climate and solar radiation can be analyzed and used to design an energy-conserving landscape and horticulture operation. Accordingly, this course instructor's manual covers the use of the elements of the environment to make landscaping and nursery design and operation more energy-efficient. Five sections…

Bell, Richard C.; Glazener, Dennis

361

Field-Proven Programs to Conserve Energy in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents field-proven school energy conservation programs, practices, procedures, and ideas that can assist educators with the resource allocation challenges caused by the international energy situation. The programs presented are representative of a broad spectrum of school and school-related organizations from 15 widely…

Association of School Business Officials, Chicago, IL.

362

Geography-informed energy conservation for Ad Hoc routing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a geographical adaptive fidelity (GAF) algorithm that reduces energy consumption in ad hoc wireless networks. GAF conserves energy by identifying nodes that are equivalent from a routing perspective and then turning off unnecessary nodes, keeping a constant level of routing fidelity. GAF moderates this policy using application- and system-level information; nodes that source or sink data remain on

Ya Xu; John S. Heidemann; Deborah Estrin

2001-01-01

363

Regional transportation energy conservation data book. Edition 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document seeks to highlight regional differences in characteristics affecting transportation energy conservation in the US. The basic energy use data are presented in five modal chapters: highway, air, rail, marine, and pipeline. Each chapter contains information on stock of vehicles, transport networks, vehicle use, fuel use, and related data. Within modal chapters, data are presented at three levels of

D. L. Greene; T. P. OConnor; P. D. Patterson; A. B. Rose; D. B. Shonka

1978-01-01

364

California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission  

E-print Network

a source of refrigeration requiring an unit for the storage ability to freeze food, energy input. (3 an energy input. It may include a compartment for the freezing and storage of food at temperatures below 32) "Freezer" means a cabinet designed as a of food at temperatures of about 0° F, having the and having

365

Energy Conservation: Better Living Through Thermodynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of the usual definition of energy efficiency are identified. Suggestions are general for better use of fossil fuels. Studies done by the American Physics Society (APS) are discussed and recommendations made for an improved definition of energy efficiency are described. (Author/EB)

Metz, William D.

1975-01-01

366

Seminar: energy conservation. Role of power capacitors: concepts and policy issues  

SciTech Connect

The following topics were discussed: energy conservation and power capacitors: concepts and policy issues; energy conservation by application of power capacitors in Indian power system network; energy conservation - application of dynamic shunt compensation; and energy conservation application of series capacitors in distribution circuits.

Pachauri, R.K.

1981-08-06

367

Energy conserving site design case study: Shenandoah, Georgia. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The case study examines the means by which energy conservation can be achieved at an aggregate community level by using proper planning and analytical techniques for a new town, Shenandoah, Georgia, located twenty-five miles southwest of Atlanta's Hartsfield International Airport. A potentially implementable energy conservation community plan is achieved by a study team examining the land use options, siting characteristics of each building type, alternate infrastructure plans, possible decentralized energy options, and central utility schemes to determine how community energy conservation can be achieved by use of pre-construction planning. The concept for the development of mixed land uses as a passively sited, energy conserving community is based on a plan (Level 1 Plan) that uses the natural site characteristics, maximizes on passive energy siting requirement, and allows flexibility for the changing needs of the developers. The Level 2 Plan is identical with Level 1 plan plus a series of decentraized systems that have been added to the residential units: the single-family detached, the apartments, and the townhouses. Level 3 Plan is similar to the Level 1 Plan except that higher density dwellings have been moved to areas adjacent to central site. The total energy savings for each plan relative to the conventional plan are indicated. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

368

Improving government regulations: a guidebook for conservation and renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

An integrated view of the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) policy making encompassing both administrative procedures and policy analysis is presented. Chapter One very briefly sketches each step in the development of a significant regulation, noting important requirements and participants. Chapter Two expands upon the Overview, providing the details of the process, the rationale and source of requirements, concurrence procedures, and advice on the timing and synchronization of steps. Chapter Three explains the types of analysis documents that may be required for a program. Regulatory Analyses, Environmental Impact Statements, Urban and Community Impact Analyses, and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses are all discussed. Specific information to be included in the documents and the circumstances under which the documents need to be prepared are explained. Chapter Four is a step-by-step discussion of how to do good analysis. Use of models and data bases is discussed. Policy objectives, alternatives, and decision making are explained. In Chapter five guidance is provided on identifying the public that would most likely be interested in the regulation, involving its constituents in a dialogue with CS, evaluating and handling comments, and engineering the final response. Chapter Six provides direction on planning the evaluation, monitoring the regulation's success once it has been promulgated, and allowing for constructive support or criticism from outside DOE. (MCW)

Neese, R. J.; Scheer, R. M.; Marasco, A. L.

1981-04-01

369

Upgrade Your Refinery for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Upgrading existing refineries for efficient energy utilization imposes strict restraints upon design engineers. Present and future production requirements must be defined. Reliable operating data must be obtained from historical records and test...

Johnnie, D. H., Jr.; Klooster, H. J.

1983-01-01

370

Conservation, An In-Plant Energy Resource  

E-print Network

Potential energy savings of 90 billion cubic feet of natural gas per year on existing facilities in basic steel alone are attainable through retrofitting and improvement in operations. Areas covered include reheat furnaces, soaking pits, cover...

Skudneski, L. A.

1980-01-01

371

Conserve Energy: Modernize Your Solvent Deasphalting Unit  

E-print Network

Deasphalting units provide high quality feedstocks for lube oil manufacture, fluid catalytic cracking, or hydrocracking, and can reduce the 'Bottom of the Barrel' by up to 90%. Older units built when energy was less expensive can be easily remodeled...

Lambert, J. S.; Gleitsmann, J. W.

1983-01-01

372

Energy Conservation Plan for the Public School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive energy management program contains these basic parts: a plan with responsibility for performance, a system for monitoring and evaluating the results, and feedback to make sure the savings are maintained. (Author/MLF)

Beerman, Albert L.

1977-01-01

373

Industrial Energy Conservation Potentials in North Carolina  

E-print Network

~ The technique involves removing up to half;of the existing tubes and ballasts, and installing the reflectors over the remaining lamps. . , The follOWing equation should be used to estimate the potential energy savings E, when efficient lighting management...~ The technique involves removing up to half;of the existing tubes and ballasts, and installing the reflectors over the remaining lamps. . , The follOWing equation should be used to estimate the potential energy savings E, when efficient lighting management...

Barakat, M. G.; Singh, H.; Mallik, A. K.

374

Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems  

E-print Network

natural gas compressor packages, and three mechanical drive refrigeration packages. How a Turbine Works A gas turbine engine consists of a compressor, a combustor, and an expansion turbine (Figure 1). Ambient air is drawn in through the compressor... and flows steadily into the combustor (Figure 2). Fuel is fired in the combustor and the resulting, high-energy hot gas passes through the expansion turbine. The energy extracted through the turbine section is used to drive the compressor and the load...

Solt, J. C.

1979-01-01

375

Energy Management and the Conservation Investment Decision  

E-print Network

maximum returns. Financial managers do not buy securities, then just leave them there. They moni tor performance and weed out poor performers or make changes as conditions dictate. Professional managers, managing energy, have to set up manage ment... specificallyi 635 ESL-IE-83-04-100 Proceedings from the Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 17-20, 1983 assigned function. Taxation versus capital gains, which are taxed at a lower rate, is a planning tool that can...

DeLozier, T. C.

1983-01-01

376

76 FR 56125 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EERE-2011-BT-STD-0047] RIN 1904-AC56 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products...Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,...

2011-09-12

377

Commercial building design and energy conservation: A preliminary assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the research was to determine the degree of change in commercial building design practice relating to energy conservation since the enactment of the Energy Conservation Standard for New Buildings Act of 1976. Data on current design practices consisted of information from 400 buildings advertised for bids or under construction in 1979 to 1980 on glass in windows and doors, exterior wall systems, roof system, heating plants, and lighting systems. In addition to these building design components, energy conservation measures used included: natural lighting; deadband thermostat; greenhouse-effect atrium collector, heat recovery from the top of the atrium, greenhouse passive heating panels; natural ventilation; insulating shutters, closable skylights, thermal shutters, Trombe wall, corridor trombe; attic ventilation; wind shielding, concrete wall; titled windows; night flushing cycle; and cooling coils using cooling tower water. A brief explanation of these measures is given.

Nieves, A. L.; Rosoff, D.

1982-02-01

378

Running Head: Ecosystem Energy and Conservation1 Ecosystem Energy as a Framework for Prioritizing Conservation Vulnerabilities and3  

E-print Network

practices most likely to be effective. Management strategies are then23 presented for ecosystems of each1 Running Head: Ecosystem Energy and Conservation1 2 Ecosystem Energy as a Framework variables, ecological processes, species, and humans play out11 differently. Are there general properties

Hansen, Andrew J.

379

Utility energy conservation programs for the pulp and paper industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation has been alive and well in the pulp and paper industry for many years. In the early 70s and 80s, each paper mill or organization worked independently to reduce their total energy consumption. Now in the 1990s, federal and state legislation (i.e. State of Minnesota Omnibus Energy Bill) make it advantageous for pulp and paper mills to share

P. L. Jackson; W. L. Bundschuh; M. D. Weaver; J. R. Thompson

1994-01-01

380

Modeling nonlinear random vibration: Implication of the energy conservation law  

E-print Network

Nonlinear random vibration under excitations of both Gaussian and Poisson white noises is considered. The model is based on stochastic differential equations, and the corresponding stochastic integrals are defined in such a way that the energy conservation law is satisfied. It is shown that Stratonovich integral and Di Paola-Falsone integral should be used for excitations of Gaussian and Poisson white noises, respectively, in order for the model to satisfy the underlining physical laws (e.g., energy conservation). Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the theoretical results.

Xu Sun; Jinqiao Duan; Xiaofan Li

2012-06-18

381

Energy conservation study on Smith Frozen Foods processing plant, Weston, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive energy study was performed at Smith Frozen Foods in Weston, Oregon, in the fall of 1984. The plant processes corn, peas, lima beans and carrots. The products are inspected, prepared and graded before being sent through freeze tunnels. The frozen products are dumped into tote bins which are transported into cold storage warehouses. Energy conservation measures were calculated using a modified return on investment analysis called a return on capital (ROC) analysis and current rate schedules.

Not Available

1985-01-02

382

Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit  

E-print Network

is recorded is a definition of the control 1imit of that value. If the I imi is exceeded, recommended corrective action is given in the far column. 358 ESL-IE-82-04-72 Proceedings from the Fourth Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April... is recorded is a definition of the control 1imit of that value. If the I imi is exceeded, recommended corrective action is given in the far column. 358 ESL-IE-82-04-72 Proceedings from the Fourth Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April...

Korich, R. D.

1982-01-01

383

Interregional sharing of energy conservation targets in China: Efficiency and equity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy conservation is a long-term strategic policy in China to support its economic and social development. This policy strategy is important for saving resources, protecting the environment, and ensuring the secure supply of energy to all economic activities. However, energy conservation often involves large amounts of investment and may also have dampening impacts on some local and regional economies. Moreover, energy conservation and efficiency improvement have many features of a public good. Therefore, government policy and intervention play a strong role to foster regional efforts and cooperative interregional actions on this issue. This dissertation introduces and analyzes a promising policy instrument---an interregional energy conservation-quota trading system---to help China fulfill its national energy conservation objective in an efficient and equitable way. To analyze the workings of the energy conservation-quota trading system, trading entities are first determined. In this study, statistical analyses (principal component analysis and cluster analysis) are applied to identify regional aggregations of provinces of China to act as the trading units. The marginal energy conservation cost curves of these regions are developed using engineering-economic methods and regression analysis. Simulations of interregional conservation-quota trading are undertaken after China's conservation goals in 2010 are allocated among regions according to several equity criteria. Various equity criteria are applied and analyzed in this study because of the philosophical differences in the appropriate definition of the concept. The trading simulations yield several important findings. First, the introduction of an interregional quota trading system can minimize both regional net compliance costs and national total conservation costs, irrespective of how the conservation tasks are initially allocated among regions according to different equity rules. Second, regional welfare implications differ across the applications of various equity criteria. However, for the energy production-based sovereignty and egalitarian equity criteria, the poorest region (in terms of per capita gross regional product) can enjoy net profits from trading, while the clustered region of wealthy coastal provinces shoulders the highest cost. This indicates that a conservation-quota trading system applying these two equity criteria is consistent with the national strategy in China to reduce regional income disparities and to develop the interior and western less-developed regions of the country. Third, compared with trading among conventional regions, trading among statistically clustered regions can more sharply apply the equity criteria to burden sharing and utilize larger differences in marginal conservation costs between regions to achieve a lower total net cost for the country as a whole. In sum, this research develops a useful methodology and identifies an operational way to attain energy conservation targets in China. It offers insights for similar interregional burden-sharing or benefit-sharing policies for China in the future, such as greenhouse gas emission trading, which is closely related to the energy conservation issue.

Wei, Dan

384

Alternatives for energy conservation in a baghouse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a comparison of alternate cases and how to achieve optimum energy consumption and economic benefits from baghouses or fabric filters for particulate control on coal fired boilers. Various components of baghouses are reviewed with an evaluation of fan efficiencies, duct routing, duct turning vanes, insulation, lagging, types of dampers and damper installations. Also discussed are cleaning cycle

P. J. Bakken; F. A. Horney

1982-01-01

385

Energy Conservation for Boiler Water Systems  

E-print Network

In the last ten years energy costs have soared. The cost of coal and # 2 fuel oil have gone up by a factor of 3-5. Residual fuel oil cost has increased by approximately ten times. The cost of natural gas has gone up at an even higher rate...

Beardsley, M. L.

1981-01-01

386

In Energy Impasse, Conservation Keeps Popping Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the position that the federal government will have to take a direct hand in holding down demand for energy while promoting new sources of supply. Increased consumption and the dim short-term prospects for major alternatives to oil are cited as major problems. (GS)

Gillette, Robert

1975-01-01

387

Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book, edition 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy data are presented for the various characteristics of transportation. Areas covered include projected transportation technologies, government impacts, district heating, utilization of waste heat from electric power generation, and on-site generation of electricity. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences) Find Similar Abstracts: Use: Authors Title Keywords (in text query field) Abstract Text Return: Query

D. B. Shonka; A. S. Loebl; P. D. Patterson; M. L. Johnson; E. B. Howard

1977-01-01

388

Transportation energy conservation data book: Edition 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The data book represents an assembly and display of statistics that characterize transportation activity and presents data on other factors that influence transportation energy use. The purpose of this publication is to present a large amount of relevant data in an easily retrievable and usable format with the statistical data shown in the form of tables and graphs. Each of

G. Kulp; D. B. Shonka; M. C. Holcomb

1981-01-01

389

78 FR 54197 - Energy Efficiency Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is initiating the rulemaking and data collection process to consider amending the energy conservation standards for commercial packaged boilers. This rulemaking will satisfy the statutory requirement for DOE to review energy conservation standards for covered equipment every six years to determine whether such standards should be amended. After concluding its......

2013-09-03

390

ALINET: a model for assessing energy conservation opportunities in food processing  

SciTech Connect

ALINET, a network model of the US food processing and distribution sector, has been designed as a tool for analyzing energy use and for evaluating specific energy conserving technologies. The model is operational and has been used in the analysis of wheat processing. The results of a pilot study in which an alternative technology - microwave drying - is introduced in the pasta making process are described, and the impact on energy and on specific fuel use is analyzed.

Levis, A.H. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge); Ducot, E.R.; Webster, T.F.; Levis, I.S.

1981-01-01

391

Conservation of Fluid Mass and Energy by RELAP5-3D during a SBLOCA  

SciTech Connect

Mass and energy balances were performed to check the accuracy of RELAP5-3D’s solution during a loss-of-coolant accident initiated by a small break in a typical pressurized water reactor. Mass and energy balances were performed for the combined liquid and gas phases and the gas phase by itself. The analysis showed that RELAP5-3D adequately conserved mass and energy for the combined fluid and the gas phase.

Cliff B. Davis

2009-08-01

392

Energy Conservation in the Food Industry : Van de Kamp's Dutch Bakery.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an energy study that was conducted at Van de Kamp's Dutch Bakery in Seattle, Washington. Van de Kamp's is one of five food industry (SIC 20) plants that are being studied. The project tasks involve developing analysis procedures for energy conservation measures (ECM's); conducting energy analyses at five food industry plants; and reporting the results of the analyses to plant managers and BPA officials.

United Industries Corporation.

1985-01-01

393

Electric Energy Conservation and Production project: (Volume 2)  

SciTech Connect

A final report has been prepared under the Electric Energy Conservation and Production Project, conducted by the Blackfeet Indian Tribe and its consultants, Black Hawk Associates, Inc. The report addresses two major issues - the heavy reliance on electricity by residents of the Blackfeet Reservation, and the opportunities for electricity production from wind energy resources on the Reservation. The findings of this report help provide a basis for comprehensive energy management planning on the Reservation, analyze the potential for minimizing electricity demand and maximizing the efficiency of electrical end-uses through appropriate conservation measures, assess the potential of wind energy resources located on the Reservation, and identify and assess the technical, financial, legal, institutional, and regulatory issues involved in wind energy development within the Blackfeet Reservation.

Not Available

1984-02-01

394

Sturgeon Conservation: Insights From Elasticity Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use elasticity analyses for three sturgeon species, the shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum, Atlantic sturgeon A. oxyrinchus, and white sturgeon A. transmontanus, to calculate the potential to increase population growth rate, l, by improving survival and fecundity. Elasticity analysis is a means of assessing changes to l resulting from conserva- tion initiatives. The elasticity of l to survival has a

MART R. GROSS; JOE REPKA; CORY T. ROBERTSON; DAVID H. SECOR; WEBB VAN WINKLE

395

75 FR 34656 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...small diameter, elliptical reflector (ER), and bulged reflector (BR) incandescent...rulemaking for certain small diameter, ER, and BR incandescent reflector lamps...conservation standards for certain small diameter, ER, and BR incandescent reflector...

2010-06-18

396

78 FR 72533 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...conservation standards for small duct high velocity central air conditioners and heat pumps...standards specifically for small duct high velocity systems (SDHVs). (42 U.S.C...the definition of ``Small duct, high velocity system'' to read as follows:...

2013-12-03

397

Energy conservation in dissipative processes: Teacher expectations and strategies associated with imperceptible thermal energy  

E-print Network

Research has demonstrated that many students and some teachers do not consistently apply the conservation of energy principle when analyzing mechanical scenarios. In observing elementary and secondary teachers engaged in learning activities that require tracking and conserving energy, we find that challenges to energy conservation often arise in dissipative scenarios in which kinetic energy transforms into thermal energy (e.g., a ball rolls to a stop). We find that teachers expect that when they can see the motion associated with kinetic energy, they should be able to perceive the warmth associated with thermal energy. Their expectations are violated when the warmth produced is imperceptible. In these cases, teachers reject the idea that the kinetic energy transforms to thermal energy. Our observations suggest that apparent difficulties with energy conservation may have their roots in a strong and productive association between forms of energy and their perceptible indicators. We see teachers resolve these ch...

Daane, Abigail R; Vokos, Stamatis; Scherr, Rachel E

2014-01-01

398

Energy conservation through improved design of induction motor  

SciTech Connect

To meet the increasing demand of energy crisis, attempts have been made by harnessing energy from renewable sources or by improving the operating efficiency of devices used in generation, transmission and utilization of electric energy. Induction motors are used in a very large number in a variety of applications. Any significant improvement in the operating efficiency of induction motor will, therefore, help their effort at energy conservation. The optimized design of induction motor using Rosenbrock`s method is carried out with the objective of minimizing (1) cost of active materials; (2) the cost of annual energy consumed and (3) the total annual cost.

Ayyub, M. [A.M.U. Aligarh, Utter Pradesh (India). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Murthy, S.S.; Singh, B.P. [Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (India). Electrical Engineering Dept.

1995-12-31

399

75 FR 35338 - Implementation of Regulations Required Under Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy Act of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...In enacting Title XI of the Food, Conservation and Energy...1961) (``The legislative history shows Congress understood the...to livestock, meats, meat food products, or livestock products...analysis, origination and breeder history; (4) An action or...

2010-06-22

400

Fourteen Points for Energy Conservation in Lighting  

E-print Network

goal, this very often adds up to an expensive lighting system in terms of installed ini tial cost. The purpose of this report and 14 suggestions is to demonstrate that quality illumination, quality fix tures, quality esthetics, and lower energy costs... can all be had without increasing the typical lighting budget. Recommendation No.1 - Buy a light meter and know what the IES minimum lighting levels are. Consider a 1ibrary, would you think the recommended minimum level of lighting in a reading area...

Zekowski, G.

1979-01-01

401

Lining Over Refractory - Conserve Energy and Capital  

E-print Network

achieved. In refinery heaters, continuous heat times be difficult to finance, even though resulting treaters, etc., a great deal of valuable time can be energy savings normally provide a relatively quick saved during turnaround due to faster cool... in the refractory lining using an electro-pneumatic hammer drill. The holes are usually drilled to a depth of about 3 inches with a 1/4 inch diameter carbide drill bit. If the exist ing refractory is lightweight, such as insulating firebrick, a 3/16 inch...

Jost, M. L.; Barrows, G. L.

1980-01-01

402

Measured results of energy conservation retrofits in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study summarizes measured data on energy savings from conservation retrofits in existing residential buildings. Retrofits to the building shell, principally insulation of exterior surfaces, window treatments, and infiltration-reduction measures, are the most popular, although data on various heating system retrofits are now available. The average retrofit investment per unit in multifamily buildings is approximately $700, far lower than the

Goldman

1982-01-01

403

Measured results of energy conservation retrofits in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study summarizes measured data on energy savings from conservation retrofits in existing residential buildings to the building shell, principally insulation of exterior surfaces, window treatments, and infiltration-reduction measures, are the most popular, although data on various heating system retrofits are now available. The average retrofit investment per unit in multifamily buildings is approximately $700, far lower than the average

Goldman

1985-01-01

404

Conservation II. Science Activities in Energy. [Student's and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for science students in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades, the activities in this unit illustrate principles and problems related to the conservation of energy. Eleven student activities using art, economics, arithmetic, and other skills and disciplines help teachers directly involve students in exploring scientific questions and making…

Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.

405

Lighting Controls, Patterns of Lighting Consumption, and Energy Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of the important areas of the lighting energy conservation research program currently being carried out at the Division of Building Research, National Research Council of Canada, are described. The major emphasis of the program is to monitor present patterns and levels of lighting consumption in offices and schools and then develop and encourage cost-effective control systems to reduce the

Alan W. Levy

1980-01-01

406

Responsibilities For Energy Conservation And Environmental Pollution: The Consumer Viewpoint  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report focuses on (1) consumers' attitudes toward the responsibilities of government, textile and apparel industries, and consumers toward environmental pollution and energy conservation as related to textile and apparel products and (2) whether selected characteristics of the consumers influenced their responses. Data were generated from a mail survey of a stratified systematic sample of house holds in an urban

Eleanor Kelley; Jei Mei Fu; David Blouin; Catherine Gross; Charles Kirby

1985-01-01

407

Energy conservation and proportional control with load sensing hydraulic systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demanding requirement of today's mobile equipment can be met by using load sensing hydraulic systems. They offer advantages of energy conservation as well as ease of obtaining proportional control. This paper presents the basic load sensing techniques, together with typical system configurations\\/characteristics. Their application to mobile aerial work platforms is discussed with emphasis on system stability and accuracy.

Qureshi

1981-01-01

408

Contracting strategy for nationwide energy and water conservation program  

SciTech Connect

The following information describes a dynamic program to increase the number of energy and water conservation projects which may be identified, funded, and implemented. This program is still evolving and the presentation of this topic at the Conference will include updates. For additional information, please refer your questions to the individuals listed in Attachment One.

Dunham, E.A.

1995-06-01

409

Rule-Governed Approaches to Physics: Conservation of Mechanical Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated methods science and nonscience majors use to make predictions about five situations involving the conservation of mechanical energy. Two findings, among others, show that subjects did not employ identifiable strategies in over 97 percent of the cases and show differences in the way majors and nonmajors worked the problems given.…

Maloney, David P.

1985-01-01

410

Hypothermia and Energy Conservation: A Tradeoff for Elderly Persons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined association between concern for health and adoption of elderly persons of a lowered winter nighttime thermostat setting. Findings from two surveys of elderly respondents (N=232) who maintained separate owner-occupied residences showed that health and thermal comfort were major reasons for nonadoption of this energy conservation measure.…

Macey, Susan M.

1989-01-01

411

Energy Conservation--Can Teachers Teach by Example?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic experiments were part of an intensive, three-week energy conservation workshop conducted by Wilkes College. A group of 32 secondary science teachers participated in this workshop in order to acquire both facts and techniques that would enable them to act as resource persons for their schools, communities, and their own homes. (Author)

Snee, Nancy

1979-01-01

412

Motivational Aspect of Southwest Texas State Universiy's Energy Conservation Program  

E-print Network

risen above $5 million) as low as practical, and second, to instill in its students (the leaders of tomorrow) the proper attitude towards the conservation of energy and the environment. A two-prong approach is used in SWT’s efforts. One is the human...

Maier, O. A.

413

The Conservation of Energy in Schools--A Feasibility Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is concerned with suggestions for translating changing educational requirements and community needs into appropriate school facilities that are designed, or changed, to be cost beneficial and to conserve energy. Planning guides are offered for the construction and the improvement of elementary and secondary schools. Some preventative…

Whitworth, Fred E.

414

The Economics and Corporate Culture of Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

It seems that we have all struggled to convince management to pursue energy conservation using economic arguments, only to find that when all is said and done there is something else that gets certain projects approved. What is it, and what...

Gilbert, J. S.

1984-01-01

415

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for transportation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT) is charged with long-term, high-risk, and potentially high-payoff research and development of promising transportation technologies that are unlikely to be undertaken by the private sector alone. OTT activities are designed to develop an advanced technology base within the U.S. transportation industry for future manufacture of more energy-efficient, fuel-flexible, and environmentally sound transportation systems. OTT operations are focused on three areas: advanced automotive propulsion systems including gas turbines, low heat rejection diesel, and electric vehicle technologies; advanced materials development and tribology research; and research, development, demonstration, test, and evaluation (including field testing in fleet operations) of alternative fuels. Five papers describing the transportation technologies program have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

1990-11-01

416

Portland Energy Conservation Project. City energy plan: choices for saving energy in the residential sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed data are provided for energy consumed by space heating, water heating, appliances, lighting, and total home energy use. Ways to save in these areas are also indicated. Educational, incentive, and mandatory programs to implement these savings are outlined. Eighteen conservation programs for the city of Portland and the metropolitan region are described. Each program is created by combining specific

D. F. Mazziotti; G. M. Crandall

1976-01-01

417

Energy conservation in solid waste management in Bangladesh  

SciTech Connect

Recycling of solid wastes has a characteristic pattern in Bangladesh in the context of the general habits and socio-economic status of the population. Extensive resource recovery from solid wastes is being carried out at various stages of disposal. The characteristics of solid wastes at the final disposal site indicate that they contain more than 90% of organic wastes. Hence, anaerobic digestion of these wastes serves a dual purpose in the conservation of energy and of valuable crop nutrients for efficient recycling especially in an agriculture-based economy. This also improves overall environmental sanitation and reduces environmental degradation. In this paper, different recycling and reuse options for solid wastes are critically discussed from the energy recovery and energy conservation point of view. It has been shown that the resource recovery from solid wastes would minimize the energy problem and would lead to a net reduction of greenhouse gases, particularly in the developing world.

Rahman, M.H. [Bangladesh Univ. of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka (Bangladesh). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1994-12-31

418

Energy Conservation Study on the Industrial Boiler and Steam Kettle System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to give some suggestions for energy conservation rebuilding, comparison analysis was carried out on the coal-fired industry boiler and steam kettle system. Three schemes of steam water reclaim from the steam kettle to the coal- fired industrial boiler were put forward. The first scheme adopted a heat exchanger to reclaim the heat released from the condensate water and

Jingdong Song; Yunhua Gan; Shihong Li

2011-01-01

419

Energy Conservation in the 80's - A U.K. Point of View  

E-print Network

The pressures of energy prices and availability do not always provide sufficient incentive towards conservation, but the post 1995 scene is an incentive to industry to design and develop low energy. The U.K. approach to energy conservation...

Morris, J. R. S.

1982-01-01

420

78 FR 6232 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Conventional Cooking Products With Induction...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1904-AC71 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Conventional Cooking Products...of Energy (DOE) proposes to revise its test procedures for cooking products established...the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. Test procedures for cooking products can...

2013-01-30

421

78 FR 7939 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Microwave Ovens (Active Mode)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Microwave Ovens (Active...1904-AC26 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Microwave Ovens (Active...of Energy (DOE) proposes to revise its test procedures for microwave ovens...

2013-02-04

422

76 FR 58345 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...429 and 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Dishwashers...1904-AC27 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Dishwashers...Energy (DOE) has proposed to amend its test procedures for residential...

2011-09-20

423

76 FR 69869 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...429 and 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers...1904-AC08r Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers...of Energy (DOE) proposes to revise its test procedure for residential clothes...

2011-11-09

424

76 FR 59003 - Energy Conservation Program: Compliance Certification for Electric Motors  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information for electric motors covered under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as...10 CFR Part 431 to be consistent with the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) energy conservation standards....

2011-09-23

425

Regenerative gas turbine with thermal-energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A thermal-energy conservation system for a regenerative gas turbine, and preferably a highly-regenerated high-temperature two-shaft gas-turbine engine, operating at an equilibrium temperature is provided. The gas-turbine engine includes a compressor, a combustor, a fuel throttle, a turbine, and a regenerator which transfers thermal energy from the heated exhaust gases of the turbine to the compressed air delivered to the combustor.

Best

1982-01-01

426

Conservation of Heat Energy at Hot Petroleum Products Terminals  

E-print Network

CONSERVATION OF HEAT ENERGY AT HOT PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TERMINALS J. C. Powell and R. M. Graham Exxon Company, U.S.A. Houston, Texas ABSTRACT Exxon operates several terminals which store asphalt and heavy fuel oil. Due to the rising cost... petroleum products. SCOPE OF THE STUDY The scope of the study assignment was to be fairly far reaching and included the following: 1. Identify the most energy-efficient technology available and compare it to the technology presently in use. 2. Develop...

Powell, J. C.; Graham, R. M.

1981-01-01

427

Citizens' conference on energy conservation and utility policy:  

SciTech Connect

On May 2, 1986 the DC Citizens Energy Advisory Committee (CEAC) and the DC Consumer Utility Board (CUB) convened a day-long ''Citizens' Conference on Energy Conservation and Utility Policy'' at the Carnegie Library, University of the District of Columbia. The conference brought together a diverse group of panelists and participants for a broad discussion of energy policy problems, both at the national and local level. This report summarizes the perspectives offered on these problems by the Conference panelists. Funding for the Conference was provided by a grant from the DC Energy Office Extension Service.

Not Available

1986-01-01

428

Potential social, institutional, and environmental impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two Washington communities. [Seattle and Yakima  

SciTech Connect

The likely environmental, social, and institutional impacts of selected energy-conservation measures in two communities in Washington state are reported. The five conservation measures investigated in this study were: (1) retrofitting existing buildings; (2) district heating and Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES); (3) small automobiles and vehicle redesign; (4) land-use and housing modifications; and (5) electric-utility rate reform. Twenty potential impact areas were selected for analysis. These areas were divided into five categories of environmental impacts, economic impacts, community impacts, personal impacts, and overall quality of life in the community. The research was conducted in Seattle and Yakima, Washington. In each location, about two dozen public officials and business, labor, and community leaders were interviewed. Their diverse views are summarized. The Seattle respondents saw energy conservation as a highly desirable policy with a number of temporary, transitional problems arising as energy-conservation measures were implemented. Yakima respondents, in contrast, did not expect to encounter many serious energy problems in the foreseeable future and consequently viewed energy conservation as a relatively minor community concern. Moreover, they anticipated that many conservation measures, if implemented by the government, would encounter either apathy or resistance in their community. Two broad generalizations can bedrawn from these interviews: (1) energy conservation will basically be beneficial for the natural environment and our society; and (2) if energy conservation does become a dominant thrust in our society, it could stimulate and reinforce a much broader process of fundamental social change. (LCL)

Edelson, E.; Olsen, M.

1980-03-01

429

VEGETATION ANALYSIS OF UPLAND BURREN GRASSLANDS OF CONSERVATION INTEREST  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the classification of grassland and heath communities found within the Burren uplands of Co. Clare and identifies threats to their integrity. Quadrats were taken on a range of sites, focusing on semi-natural, upland grassland and heath of conservation interest. Before analysis, the data set was divided into a heath group and a grassland group based on cover

Sharon Parr; Grace O'Donovan; Stephen Ward; John A. Finn

2009-01-01

430

Energy Storage Technical and Economic Analysis Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The DOE Energy Storage program over the last several years has evaluated a large number of energy storage technologies, developed promising technologies, and successfully transferred new technologies to the private sector. In FY-1985 specific tasks involved in this area included: battery systems requirements analysis, statistical analysis of battery failures, and research needs for corrosion control and prevention in energy conservation systems. Battery cost analysis, R and D planning, and technology transfer/market analysis are also reported.

1985-11-01

431

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ENERGY GENERATING EXERCISE EQUIPMENT FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION EDUCATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The lack of effective energy conservation education and interest regarding alternative energy sources on Albion College’s campus illustrates a common problem among American university campuses. The purpose of this study is to integrate both education and renewable ...

432

Cost-Energy Dynamics: An Engineering - Economic Basis for Industrial Energy Conservation Policies  

E-print Network

This paper develops a theory called cost-energy dynamics that can be used to shape policies for industrial energy conservation. It is built on two hypotheses commonly observed in process engineering; namely, cost varies as positive power function...

Phung, D. L.; van Gool, W.

1980-01-01

433

75 FR 64173 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance...Department of Energy, Building Technologies...Department of Energy, Building Technologies...Department of Energy (DOE) proposed...its existing certification,...

2010-10-19

434

Potential for energy conservation in the glass industry  

SciTech Connect

While the glass industry (flat glass, container glass, pressed and blown glass, and insulation fiber glass) has reduced its specific energy use (Btu/ton) by almost 30% since 1972, significant potential for further reduction still remains. State-of-the-art technologies are available which could lead to incremental improvements in glass industry energy productivity; however, these technologies must compete for capital with projects undertaken for other reasons (e.g., capacity expansion, equipment rebuild, labor cost reduction, product quality improvement, or compliance with environmental, health or safety regulations). Narrowing profit margins in the large tonnage segments of the glass industry in recent years and the fact that energy costs represent less than 25% of the value added in glass manufacture have combined to impede the widespread adoption of many state-of-the-art conservation technologies. Savings in energy costs alone have not provided the incentive to justify the capital expenditures required to realize the energy savings. Beyond implementation of state-of-the-art technologies, significant potential energy savings could accrue from advanced technologies which represent a radical departure from current glass making technology. Long-term research and development (R and D) programs, which address the technical and economic barriers associated with advanced, energy-conserving technologies, offer the opportunity to realize this energy-saving potential.

Garrett-Price, B.A.; Fassbender, A.G.; Bruno, G.A.

1986-06-01

435

The Role of Thermal Energy Storage in Industrial Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Thermal Energy Storage for Industrial Applications is a major thrust of the Department of Energy's Thermal Energy Storage Program. Utilizing Thermal Energy Storage (TES) with process or reject heat recovery systems has been shown to be extremely...

Duscha, R. A.; Masica, W. J.

1979-01-01

436

76 FR 26656 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Kuppersbusch, Kelon, and DeLonghi); energy and environmental advocates (American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Appliance...Defense Council (NRDC), Alliance to Save Energy (ASE), Alliance for Water...

2011-05-09

437

76 FR 52852 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Kuppersbusch, Kelon, and DeLonghi); energy and environmental advocates (American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Appliance...Defense Council (NRDC), Alliance to Save Energy (ASE), Alliance for Water...

2011-08-24

438

75 FR 80292 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Electric Motors  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Act, as amended by the Energy Independence and Security Act. This document is being issued to correct the energy efficiency levels that DOE...b)(1)(B) of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007),...

2010-12-22

439

75 FR 10873 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public meeting materials, and related...small_electric_motors...Energy Use Characterization 1. Applications...Energy Use Characterization The energy use characterization estimates...of small electric motors...conveyors and material...

2010-03-09

440

A Study on Energy Conservation in Textile Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In textile mill, electricity consumption is in increasing trend, due to modernised machines and continuous usage of the equipments in inefficient operating parameters. The energy cost is around 15 % to 20 % over the production cost and it stands next to raw material cost. Hence now a day's area of focus is towards energy consumption at load end and by optimizing the efficiency of the motor. In this paper, influence of motors and process of optimisation in textile mill on energy conservation is discussed with practical data.

Dhayaneswaran, Y.; Ashokkumar, L.

2013-03-01

441

Texas Transportation Institute, Agency 727 Energy Management and Conservation Plan (RP-49)  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute, Agency 727 Energy Management and Conservation Plan (RP-49) Year and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuel space) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce energy consumption

442

SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO DESIGNERS SID-D: ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION  

E-print Network

SID-D SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO DESIGNERS SID-D: ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION JANUARY 2014 PAGE 1 OF 8 ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION Related Sections U-M Design Guideline Sections: SID-B - OPR: Energy and Water Conservation Report Format-Projects $2M to $10M Construction Cost Energy and Water

Kamat, Vineet R.

443

The potential impact of conservation and alternative energy sources on carbon dioxide emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report, we examine two global energy consumption scenarios to determine how each will contribute to the greenhouse effect and global warming. A steady emissions trend scenario assumes only modest energy conservation and little change in the world's energy conservation and little change in the world's energy consumption patterns. A reduced emissions trend scenario assumes significant conservation and switching

M. W. Edenburn; E. A. Aronson

1990-01-01

444

Energy conservation in the pulp and paper industry - a development study  

SciTech Connect

Literature on energy conservation in the pulp and paper industry was studied with the objective of becoming abreast of relevant developments and identify further avenues of research. Energy conservation measures will require an incresing amount of attention and energy awareness should be promoted among personnel by a continued effort of management. Potential areas of energy conservation and the principles involved are discussed and the role of a research institute in an energy conservation program is outlined.

Wojtowicz, W.S.; Venter, J.S.M.

1980-12-01

445

Assessment of energy conservation by using alternate energy sources in Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The minimum potential energy savings in Kansas by using incident solar energy and wind energy are being assessed. Applications such as space heating and cooling, water heating, and agricultural uses of solar and wind energy for pumping irrigation water are taken into consideration to establish energy conservation data now and for 1980. The use of biomass, for the generation of

J. T. Pytlinski; N. D. Eckhoff

1978-01-01

446

77 FR 14509 - State Energy Program and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program; Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) is interested in continuing to promote the use of financing mechanisms by grantees of the State Energy Program (SEP) and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program, in support of energy efficiency and renewable energy activities. To facilitate this process and to allow interested parties to provide suggestions, comments,......

2012-03-12

447

Savings money with energy conservation: an energy audit workbook for bakeries  

SciTech Connect

Part I presents 12 energy savings ideas. Part 2 lists ideas requiring little or no capital investment and with quick return. Part 3 gives ideas that require more capital, and in some cases, expertise beyond that of a normal bakery. The expense to implement these ideas and to obtain the expertise is greater, but so, generally, is the return. Part 4 contains three forms to help manage the energy conservation plan. Part 4 also has two examples to show typical methods of estimating the cost savings possible from implementing energy conservation measures. The workbook provides a quick approach to an energy conservation program for bakeries without engineering personnel.

Not Available

1980-07-01

448

Conservation and solar energy program: congressional budget request, FY 1982  

SciTech Connect

Funding summaries are presented for the Conservation and Solar Energy Program funding information and program overview on energy conservation (Volume 7 of 7, DOE/CR-0011/2) are included for the Buildings and Community Systems, Industrial, Transportation; State and Local, Multi-Sector, Energy Impact Assistance, and Residential/Commercial retrofit programs. Funding information and program overviews on solar technology (Volume 2 of 7, DOE/CR-011/2) are included for Active and Passive Solar Heating and Cooling, Photovoltaics Energy Systems, Solar Thermal Power Systems, Biomass Energy Systems, Wind Energy Conversion Systems, Ocean Systems, Solar International Activities, Solar Information Systems, SERI Facility, MX-RES, Program Direction, and Alcohol Fuels programs. Information and overviews on energy production, demonstration, and distribution (Volume 6 of 7, DOE/CR-0011/2) are given for the solar program. A funding summary and a program overview are included for electrochemical and physical and chemical storage systems as appearing in DOE/CR-0011/2, Volume 3 of 7. Relevant tabulated data from the FY 1981. Request to the Congress are presented for Supplementals, Rescissions, and Deferrals. (MCW)

None

1981-01-01

449

Edinburgh Research Explorer Conservation of Mass Analysis for Bio-PEPA  

E-print Network

on the notion of conservation of mass. Failure to obey the law of mass conservation can be an indicationEdinburgh Research Explorer Conservation of Mass Analysis for Bio-PEPA Citation for published version: Clark, A, Gilmore, S, Guerriero, ML & Hillston, J 2013, 'Conservation of Mass Analysis for Bio

Millar, Andrew J.

450

Comparative Lifecycle Energy Analysis: Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the position that more energy is conserved through recycling secondary materials than is generated from municipal solid waste incineration. Discusses one component of a lifecycle analysis--a comparison of energy requirements for manufacturing competing products. Includes methodological issues, energy cost estimates, and difficulties…

Morris, Jeffrey; Canzoneri, Diana

1992-01-01

451

Self-perception based strategies for stimulating energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

This study recommends self-perception based influence techniques for stimulating socially conscious consumption. One such technique - an attribution/labelling message - is tested for influencing consumers perceptions of effectiveness along with their propensities to consume in an energy-efficient fashion; messages were delivered through specially prepared television commercials. Results suggest that self-perception based strategies merit further examination as tools for stimulating conservation. 20 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

Allen, C.T.

1982-03-01

452

An Energy Conservation Program in the Food Industry  

E-print Network

AN ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY Carl T. Farner General Foods Corporation White Plains, General Foods Corporation is one of the largest food manufacturing companies in the United States. It's brand names are well known..., covering a wide range of food products. Maxwell House coffee, Post cereals, Birds Eye frozen vegetables, Jell-O desserts and Kool-Aid powdered drink mixes are some of the more prominent ones. The company also manufactures some food ingredients...

Farner, C. T.

453

Strangeness-Conserving Hadronic Parity Violation at Low Energies  

E-print Network

The parity-violating nucleon-nucleon interaction is the key to understanding the strangeness-conserving hadronic weak interaction at low energies. In this brief talk, I review the past accomplishments in and current status of this subject, and outline a new joint effort between experiment and theory that tries to address the potential problems in the past by focusing on parity violation in few-nucleon systems and using the language of effective field theory.

C. -P. Liu

2007-03-01

454

The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC) is CTI's platform for collaboration with industry and  

E-print Network

energy, conservation and sustainability. · Photovoltaic Reliability Lab (PRL) · Vocational Training integration, applied research and training for a variety of activities such as vocational training for clean Development & Training · Environmental Technology · Water Management Conservation & Renewable Energy

McGraw, Kevin J.

455

75 FR 71570 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1904-AB99 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts...of Energy (DOE) proposes to revise its test procedures for fluorescent lamp ballasts...Policy and Conservation Act. The proposed test method would eliminate the use of...

2010-11-24

456

75 FR 14287 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures and Standards for Fluorescent...1904-AB99 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts...DOE) proposes major revisions to its test procedures for fluorescent lamp...

2010-03-24

457

77 FR 21038 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Light-Emitting Diode Lamps  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1904-AC67 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Light-Emitting Diode Lamps...of Energy (DOE) proposes to establish test procedures for light-emitting diode...Conservation Act (EPCA). The proposed test procedures define methods for...

2012-04-09

458

78 FR 49607 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...429 and 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers...1904-AC63 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers...proposed rulemaking (NOPR) to amend the test procedures for residential clothes...

2013-08-14

459

78 FR 2340 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Residential Water Heaters and Commercial Water...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...heaters and commercial water heaters. This test procedure...residential and commercial water heaters pursuant to the amendments to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act...The Energy Policy and Conservation Act...for commercial storage water heaters,...

2013-01-11

460

Energy Responsibility Accounting - An Energy Conservation Tool for Industrial Facilities  

E-print Network

As energy costs continue to rise faster than the rate of inflation, industrial energy management becomes a more important issue in the control of manufacturing costs. Energy Responsibility Accounting (ERA) is a tool which improves management...

Kelly, R. L.

1980-01-01

461

Neutrino oscillations: Entanglement, energy-momentum conservation and QFT  

E-print Network

We consider several subtle aspects of the theory of neutrino oscillations which have been under discussion recently. We show that the $S$-matrix formalism of quantum field theory can adequately describe neutrino oscillations if correct physics conditions are imposed. This includes space-time localization of the neutrino production and detection processes. Space-time diagrams are introduced, which characterize this localization and illustrate the coherence issues of neutrino oscillations. We discuss two approaches to calculations of the transition amplitudes, which allow different physics interpretations: (i) using configuration-space wave packets for the involved particles, which leads to approximate conservation laws for their mean energies and momenta; (ii) calculating first a plane-wave amplitude of the process, which exhibits exact energy-momentum conservation, and then convoluting it with the momentum-space wave packets of the involved particles. We show that these two approaches are equivalent. Kinematic entanglement (which is invoked to ensure exact energy-momentum conservation in neutrino oscillations) and subsequent disentanglement of the neutrinos and recoiling states are in fact irrelevant when the wave packets are considered. We demonstrate that the contribution of the recoil particle to the oscillation phase is negligible provided that the coherence conditions for neutrino production and detection are satisfied. Unlike in the previous situation, the phases of both neutrinos from $Z^0$ decay are important, leading to a realization of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox.

E. Kh. Akhmedov; A. Yu. Smirnov

2010-08-12

462

77 FR 28927 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The energy use characterization is described...miscellaneous multipliers materials and from 2011...assumed that the materials components portion...Administration, Electric Sales, Revenue...the energy use characterization described in section...Sec. 431.75 Materials incorporated...

2012-05-16

463

76 FR 47518 - Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of “Smart” Appliances in Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...standards and qualification as an ENERGY STAR product. DATES: Written comments and...submitted a joint petition to the ENERGY STAR program regarding smart grid enabled appliances...consider a five percent credit to the ENERGY STAR performance level for smart grid...

2011-08-05

464

What is the optimum social marketing mix to market energy conservation behaviour: an empirical study.  

PubMed

This study attempts to identify the optimum social marketing mix for marketing energy conservation behaviour to students in Malaysian universities. A total of 2000 students from 5 major Malaysian universities were invited to provide their preferred social marketing mix. A choice-based conjoint analysis identified a mix of five social marketing attributes to promote energy conservation behaviour; the mix is comprised of the attributes of Product, Price, Place, Promotion, and Post-purchase Maintenance. Each attribute of the mix is associated with a list of strategies. The Product and Post-purchase Maintenance attributes were identified by students as the highest priority attributes in the social marketing mix for energy conservation behaviour marketing, with shares of 27.12% and 27.02%, respectively. The least preferred attribute in the mix is Promotion, with a share of 11.59%. This study proposes an optimal social marketing mix to university management when making decisions about marketing energy conservation behaviour to students, who are the primary energy consumers in the campus. Additionally, this study will assist university management to efficiently allocate scarce resources in fulfilling its social responsibility and to overcome marketing shortcomings by selecting the right marketing mix. PMID:24178312

Sheau-Ting, Low; Mohammed, Abdul Hakim; Weng-Wai, Choong

2013-12-15

465

Criteria for the installation of energy conservation measures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Standard installation practices were developed to assist in assuring the effectiveness and safety of energy conservation measures. The criteria are being used by DOE to develop training manuals for installers, inspectors, and energy auditors. Issues that were considered in the development of the standards: moisture and building retrofit, attic ventilation, electrical wiring, recessed and surface-mounted fixtures, the use of diagnostic tools (infrared thermography, air change rate, and window air leakage measurements), and product certification are discussed. The products covered are loose-fill, batts and blankets, rigid foam boards, UF foam and reflective insulations, window devices, caulks and sealants, water heater insulation, oil burner replacements, and vent dampers.

Trechsel, H. R.; Launey, S. J.

1981-07-01

466

Texas Transportation Institute, Agency 727 Energy Management and Conservation Plan (RP-49)  

E-print Network

Texas Transportation Institute, Agency 727 Energy Management and Conservation Plan (RP-49) Year and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuel' Lessors (leased office space) in regard to respective energy management and conservation plans to reduce

467

Intraventricular vorticity favors conservation of kinetic energy along the cardiac cycle: analysis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy by post-processing color-doppler images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background: This study assesses if the left ventricle (LV) filling vortex developed during diastole may be a mechanism that improves systolic efficiency. 19 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and 37 healthy volunteers were studied. Recently, we have developed and validated a method that derives two-dimensional maps of the LV flow from standard color-Doppler sequences. Two-dimensional maps of instantaneous LV flow were obtained, and circulation, energy and position of the main and secondary vortices were calculated along the cardiac cycle. At aortic valve opening (AVO) the vortex circulation is higher in DCM subjects than healthy volunteers. However, the position of the vortex is farthest form LV outflow tract (LVOT), and this results in lower flow velocity in LVOT at AVO. This phenomenon is altered in patients with DCM.

Alhama, Marta; Benito, Yolanda; Bermejo, Javier; Yotti, Raquel; Perez-David, Esther; Barrio, Alicia; Perez Del Villar, Candelas; Gonzalez Mansilla, Ana; Fernandez Aviles, Francisco; Del Alamo, Juan Carlos

2011-11-01

468

Energy Conservation in New Building Design: An Impact Assessment of ASHRAE Standard 90-75. Conservation and Environment Buildings Programs. Conservation Number 43B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), has developed a document governing energy usage in all types of new construction: ASHRAE Standard 90-75: Energy Conservation in New Building Design (ASHRAE 90). To lay the foundation for an evaluation of ASHRAE 90, the Federal Energy Administration (FEA)…

Federal Energy Administration, Washington, DC.

469

77 FR 76959 - Energy Conservation Program: Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...should be excluded from energy conservation standards. E. Options for...R20 short lamps from energy conservation standards. Earthjustice...coverage under EPCA energy conservation standards, measures must be taken to ensure...

2012-12-31

470

41 CFR 102-74.155 - What energy conservation policy must Federal agencies follow in the management of facilities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false What energy conservation policy must Federal agencies follow... § 102-74.155 What energy conservation policy must Federal agencies follow...and (b) Observe the energy conservation policies cited in this...

2011-01-01

471

41 CFR 102-74.170 - May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be granted?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be granted...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.170 May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be...

2011-01-01

472

41 CFR 102-74.170 - May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be granted?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be granted...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.170 May exceptions to the energy conservation policies in this subpart be...

2010-07-01

473

10 CFR 455.111 - Applicant certifications for technical assistance and energy conservation measure grants to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...certifications for technical assistance and energy conservation measure grants to institutions...agencies. 455.111 Section 455.111 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

2010-01-01

474

10 CFR 455.111 - Applicant certifications for technical assistance and energy conservation measure grants to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...certifications for technical assistance and energy conservation measure grants to institutions...agencies. 455.111 Section 455.111 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

2011-01-01

475

77 FR 2355 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and =240,000 Btu/h, Electric 1/11) Resistance Heating...and =240,000 Btu/h, Electric Resistance or No Heating...based on the energy use characterization described in section V.D...prices are used to convert the electric energy...

2012-01-17

476

Encouraging energy conservation in multifamily housing: RUBS and other methods of allocating energy costs to residents  

SciTech Connect

Methods of encouraging energy conservation in multifamily housing by allocating energy costs to residents are discussed; specifically, methods appropriate for use in master metered buildings without equipment to monitor energy consumption in individual apartments are examined. Several devices available for monitoring individual energy consumption are also discussed plus methods of comparing the energy savings and cost effectiveness of monitoring devices with those of other means of promoting conservation. Specific information in Volume I includes a comparison study on energy use in master and individually metered buildings; types of appropriate conservation programs for master metered buildings; a description of the Resident Utility Billing System (RUBS); energy savings associated with RUBS; Resident reactions to RUBS; cost effectiveness of RUBS for property owners; potential abuses, factors limiting widespread use, and legal status of RUBS. Part I of Volume II contains a cost allocation decision guide and Part II in Volume II presents the RUBS Operations Manual. Pertinent appendices to some chapters are attached. (MCW)

McClelland, L.

1980-10-01

477

78 FR 55781 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers and Freezers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...broadcast as a webinar. See section VII, ``Public Participation...and condensing unit sections). Packaged systems...not experience as much energy loss in the refrigerant lines...with a representative cross-section of manufacturers....

2013-09-11

478

77 FR 18477 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...also be broadcast as a webinar. See section VII, ``Public Participation...but no later than May 29, 2012. See section VI, ``Public Participation,'' for...Lester commented that ``the reduction in energy loss as estimated is overstated for golf...

2012-03-27

479

75 FR 1121 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...elasticity of demand, of -0.34. Fuel Switching...operation of CCWs requires use of fossil fuels and results in emissions of CO...energy production, and with use of fossil fuels at sites where CCWs are used....

2010-01-08

480

76 FR 22453 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...as meaning ``electricity, or fossil fuels,'' or other fuels that DOE adds...use the sun's energy instead of fossil fuels or electricity. DOE also notes...content of either the electricity or fossil fuels used at the site...

2011-04-21

481

76 FR 57515 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).\\35\\ The BLS regularly...by the amount of energy saved (by fuel type) due to each TSL. The inputs...SO 2 emissions from affected fossil fuel fired combustion devices (also...

2011-09-15

482

Toward an energy-conserving model of spontaneous wavefunction collapse  

E-print Network

Collapse models explain the absence of quantum superpositions at the macroscopic scale, while giving practically the same predictions as quantum mechanics for microscopic systems. A well-known problem of the original models is the steady and unlimited increase of the energy induced by the collapse noise. Here we define the first collapse model which, besides applying also to (non-relativistic) identical particles, guarantees a finite energy during the entire system's evolution, thus making a crucial step toward a realistic energy-conserving collapse model. This is achieved by introducing a proper non-linear stochastic modification of the Schr\\"odinger equation, which represents the action of a dissipative finite-temperature collapse noise.

Andrea Smirne; Angelo Bassi

2014-08-27

483

Urban Environmental Education Project, Curriculum Module II: Energy Conservation - What Are the Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this module are five activities dealing with energy conservation in the urban environment. The activities include: (1) conducting an energy inventory; (2) the physical nature of temperature, space, and insulation and their effects on energy use; (3) blackouts; (4) the sellers and consumers of energy; (5) energy conservation

Nous, Albert P.

484

Regenerative gas turbine with thermal-energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

A thermal-energy conservation system for a regenerative gas turbine, and preferably a highly-regenerated high-temperature two-shaft gas-turbine engine, operating at an equilibrium temperature is provided. The gas-turbine engine includes a compressor, a combustor, a fuel throttle, a turbine, and a regenerator which transfers thermal energy from the heated exhaust gases of the turbine to the compressed air delivered to the combustor. A compressor air-inlet throttle is operatively associated with the fuel throttle so that the flow of air to the compressor is reduced to a predetermined level when the fuel throttle is moved from a high power position to a low power or negative power position. This reduced air flow to the compressor causes a corresponding reduced flow of gases to the turbine and results in engine braking. With the heat added by engine braking, the thermal energy of the gas-turbine engine and particularly of the regenerator is substantially maintained and conserved at the equilibrium temperature with minimum cooling. In a preferred embodiment, the compressor air-inlet throttle is constituted by the guide vanes of the compressor.

Best, G.C.

1982-06-17

485

Solar energy and conservation technologies for Caribbean Tourist Facilities (CTF)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of the Caribbean Tourist Facilities (CTF) project were to develop and publish materials and conduct workshops on solar energy and conservation technologies that would directly address the needs and interests of tourist facilities in the Caribbean basin. Past contacts with the Caribbean and US tourist industries indicated that decision-makers remained unconvinced that renewable technologies could have a significant impact on development and operation costs or that renewable energy products and services suited their needs. In order to assure that the materials and programs developed were responsive to the Caribbean tourist industry and US conservation and renewable energy industries, marketing research with potential end users and the organizations and associations that serve those users was included as an underlying task in the project. The tasks outlined in the CTF Statement of Work included conference planning, gathering of field data, development of educational materials, and conduct of workshop(s). In addition to providing a chronicle of the fulfillment of those tasks, this final report includes suggestions for distributing the documents developed during the project, venues for future workshops, and other technology transfer and market influence strategies. 3 refs.

Not Available

1991-01-01

486

Retrofit energy conservation in residential buildings in southern California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The common energy conservation techniques (ECTs) that can be retrofit-installed into residential buildings are surveyed. The quantity of saved energy for heating and cooling attributable to each ECT is evaluated for three common modes of heating: natural gas heating at 60/therm; heating via heat pump at $1.20/therm; and electric resistance heating at $2.40/therm. In every case, a life cycle cost comparison is made between the long term revenue due to energy conservation and a safe and conventional alternative investment that might be available to the prudent homeowner. The comparison between investment in an ECT and the alternative investment is brought into perspective using the life cycle payback period and an economic Figure of Merit (FOM). The FOM allows for relative ranking between candidate ECTs. Because the entire spectrum of winter heating climates in California is surveyed, the decision maker can determine whether or not a considered ECT is recommended in a given climate, and under what conditions an ECT investment becomes attractive.

Turner, R. H.; Birur, G. C.; Daksla, C.

1982-01-01

487

The role of thermal energy storage in industrial energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal Energy Storage for Industrial Applications is a major thrust of the Department of Energy's Thermal Energy Storage Program. Utilizing Thermal Energy Storage (TES) with process or reject heat recovery systems is shown to be extremely beneficial for several applications. Recent system studies resulting from contracts awarded by the Department of Energy (DOE) identified four especially significant industries where TES appears attractive - food processing, paper and pulp, iron and steel, and cement. Potential annual fuel savings with large scale implementation of near term TES systems for these industries is over 9,000,000 bbl of oil. This savings is due to recuperation and storage in the food processing industry, direct fuel substitution in the paper and pulp industry and reduction in electric utility peak fuel use through inplant production of electricity from utilization of reject heat in the steel and cement industries.

Duscha, R. A.; Masica, W. J.

1979-01-01

488

Potential impact of energy farming for conserving the fossil-fuel energy requirements of food production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of supplying the energy requirements for food production by utilizing waste biomass was investigated. It was found that the energy available was more than sufficient even after conversion of waste biomass to more versatile fuel forms. The concept of utilizing waste biomass has the potential for conserving fossil fuels. Only the energy balance aspects of utilizing waste biomass

R. C. Bailie; D. M. Doner; J. D. Henry

1976-01-01

489

Energy-conserving site design: case study, The Woodlands, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The Woodlands is a HUD Title VII New Town located north of Houston. It includes 22,000 acres and the plan for the new town consists of 6 residential villages, a town center called the Metro Center and several additional tracts, such as the Trade Center for larger-scale industrial use. Each village is to be structured around one large and several supporting neighborhood centers. Ultimate population is planned to be 150,000. Included in this report are sections on background, team structure and organization, methodological considerations, the conventional and energy-conserving plan, constraints to implementation, and general conclusions and next phases.

Swanson, M.

1980-03-01

490

Modified energy-momentum conservation laws and vacuum Cherenkov radiation  

E-print Network

We present a general parametrization for the leading order terms in a momentum power expansion of a non-universal Lorentz-violating, but rotational invariant, kinematics and its implications for two-body decay thresholds. The considered framework includes not only modified dispersion relations for particles, but also modified energy-momentum conservation laws, something which goes beyond effective field theory. As a particular and relevant example, bounds on the departures from special relativistic kinematics from the non-observation of vacuum Cherenkov radiation are discussed and compared with those obtained within the effective field theory scenario.

Carmona, J M; Romeo, B

2014-01-01

491

78 FR 23335 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...generation net of the revenues that the generator could earn from the hourly energy...rule, EPA established a standard for hydrogen chloride as a surrogate for acid gas...market is served by imports, mostly from Canada and Mexico. Many of the small...

2013-04-18

492

78 FR 25626 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Standards for Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...residential ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits in the Federal Register. This document...rulemaking for ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits. The comment period is extended...

2013-05-02

493

75 FR 20111 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the amount of energy saved (by fuel type) due to the TSLs. The inputs...heating products requires use of fossil fuels and results in emissions of CO...heating products requires use of fossil fuels and results in emissions of CO...

2010-04-16

494

Energy Conservation Aspect of Energy Systems Technology Education Program  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this paper is to present a brief explanation of the Energy Systems Technology Education Program (ESTEP). This program is a system of continuing education that has been devised for the technical and supervisory personnel...

McBride, R. B.

1982-01-01

495

Program for Energy Analysis of Residences (PEAR) (for Microcomputers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

PEAR is an interactive program for residential building energy analysis utilizing a comprehensive DOE-2.1 database for residential buildings. The extensive database is used by PEAR to estimate the annual energy use of houses with typical conservation meas...

N. Corin

1989-01-01

496

78 FR 73589 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/inforeg/for-agencies/Social-Cost-of-Carbon-for-RIA...whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/inforeg/technical-update-social-cost-of-carbon-for-regulator-impact-analysis...Excel, WordPerfect, or text (ASCII) file format, to the appropriate address...

2013-12-06

497

77 FR 7281 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...well as issues of materials access for small...NEEA, Schneider Electric, and the joint...contractor labor and materials markup that affects...contractor labor and materials markup of 1.43...end-use load characterization analysis (chapter...and ownership (electric utilities own...

2012-02-10

498

Energy conservation by hyperfiltration: food industry background literature survey  

SciTech Connect

The application of hyperfiltration to selected food product streams and food processing wastewaters for energy conservation was examined. This literature survey had led to the following conclusions: no research has been conducted in the food industry using membranes with hot process streams due to the temperature limitation (< 40/sup 0/C) of the typically studied cellulose acetate membranes; based on the bench-scale research reviewed, concentration of fruit and vegetable juices with membranes appears to be technically feasible; pretreatment and product recovery research was conducted with membranes on citrus peel oil, potato processing and brine wastewaters and wheys. The experiments demonstrated that these applications are feasible; many of the problems that have been identified with membranes are associated with either the suspended solids or the high osmotic pressure and viscosity of many foods; research using dynamic membranes has been conducted with various effluents, at temperatures to approx. 100/sup 0/C, at pressures to 1200 psi and with suspended solids to approx. 2%; and, the dynamic membrane is being prototype tested by NASA for high temperature processing of shower water. The literature review substantiates potential for dynamic membrane on porous stainless tubes to process a number of hot process and effluent streams in the food processing industry. Hot water for recycle and product concentrations are major areas with potential for economic application. The two plants involved in the first phase of the project should be reviewed to identify potential energy conservation applications. As many as possible of the conservation applications should be tested during the screening phase at each site. The most promising applications at each site should be evaluated more intensively to establish engineering estimates of the economics of this technology for the canned fruit and vegetable segment of the food industry.

Not Available

1980-04-15

499

Cool roofs as an energy conservation measure for federal buildings  

SciTech Connect

We have developed initial estimates of the potential benefits of cool roofs on federal buildings and facilities (building scale) as well as extrapolated the results to all national facilities under the administration of the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). In addition, a spreadsheet ''calculator'' is devised to help FEMP estimate potential energy and cost savings of cool roof projects. Based on calculations for an average insulation level of R-11 for roofs, it is estimated that nationwide annual savings in energy costs will amount to $16M and $32M for two scenarios of increased roof albedo (moderate and high increases), respectively. These savings, corresponding to about 3.8 percent and 7.5 percent of the base energy costs for FEMP facilities, include the increased heating energy use (penalties) in winter. To keep the cost of conserved energy (CCE) under $0.08 kWh-1 as a nationwide average, the calculations suggest that the incremental cost for cool roofs should not exceed $0.06 ft-2, assuming that cool roofs have the same life span as their non-cool counterparts. However, cool roofs usually have extended life spans, e.g., 15-30 years versus 10 years for conventional roofs, and if the costs of re-roofing are also factored in, the cutoff incremental cost to keep CCE under $0.08 kWh-1 can be much higher. In between these two ends, there is of course a range of various combinations and options.

Taha, Haider; Akbari, Hashem

2003-04-07

500

Computer simulated building energy consumption for verification of energy conservation measures in network facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program called ECPVER (Energy Consumption Program - Verification) was developed to simulate all energy loads for any number of buildings. The program computes simulated daily, monthly, and yearly energy consumption which can be compared with actual meter readings for the same time period. Such comparison can lead to validation of the model under a variety of conditions, which allows it to be used to predict future energy saving due to energy conservation measures. Predicted energy saving can then be compared with actual saving to verify the effectiveness of those energy conservation changes. This verification procedure is planned to be an important advancement in the Deep Space Network Energy Project, which seeks to reduce energy cost and consumption at all DSN Deep Space Stations.

Plankey, B.

1981-01-01