Sample records for energy conservation analysis

  1. Thermodynamic Analysis for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Kenney, W. F.

    1981-01-01

    that industry is doing a bad job at energy conservation because the typical Second Law efficiency for industrial processes is very low (about 10%). His remedy(l) was to propose legislation making it mandatory to report process energy consumptions against... of the 95th Congress First Session, Volume 123, No. 133, August 3, 1977. (2) D?. P. Maloney and J. R. Burton, "Use of Second Law Analysis for Energy Conservation Studies in the Petrochemical Industry," U.S. Department of Energy Workshop on Second Law...

  2. Training Manual for the Energy Conservation Analysis Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Cooperative Extension Service.

    This document is the Massachusetts Energy Extension Service training manual for Residential Energy Auditors. This manual is part of a four-week program to train persons to perform home energy audits and was developed under the Energy Conservation Analysis Project (ECAP) at the University of Massachusetts. The chapter titles include: (1) Project…

  3. Conserving Energy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ember, Lois R.

    1979-01-01

    A report on a recent Technology for Energy Conservation meeting. Topics of the meeting were the need for conservation measures, legistated economic incentives to encourage conservation, and the technology to accomplish this. (BB)

  4. An analysis of residential energy conservation in Wisconsin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Sarkar; S. Clemmer; J. Simon

    1995-01-01

    This study develops a simple tax policy strategy that would encourage the residential sector in Wisconsin to invest in energy conservation. The long-range objectives of the program were to reduce overall natural gas consumption by a certain percentage and to stabilize electricity consumption growth. The authors conduct a detailed energy analysis of a typical house in Madison, Wisconsin, using actual

  5. Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, J.M.; Tawil, J.J.

    1980-12-01

    Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) were mandated by the Energy Conservation Standards for New Buildings Act of 1976 (Title III of Energy Conservation and Production Act) to promote energy efficiency and the use of renewable resources in new buildings. The report analyzes alternative Federal strategies and their component policy instruments and recommends a strategy for achieving the goals of the Act. The concern is limited to space conditioning (heating, cooling, and lighting) and water heating. The policy instruments considered include greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are then described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) BEPS with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings. (MCW)

  6. Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai

    E-print Network

    Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

    2006-01-01

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Co ntrol Systems for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. V-6-4 Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai Chen Chen Yiqun Pan Zhizhong...

  7. Energy Conservation Analysis of Three-Row-Hole Hollow Blocks 

    E-print Network

    Chen, G.; Li, H.; Liu, Z.

    2006-01-01

    materials' energy conserving effects. The government of China adopted forcible energy conserving measures in the building industry in 2005. Because of this, more attention is being paid to the energy-conserving ability of the wall material. In this paper, we...

  8. Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    This chapter of "The Best of the Best of ERIC" contains 14 annotations of documents and journal articles on energy conservation, all of which are indexed in the ERIC system. Materials on teaching energy conservation to students, the energy crisis and its impact on school finances, building heating and cooling, and other topics are annotated. (DS)

  9. A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign Available online 13 July 2011 Keywords: Energy conservation Policy-making Stakeholder analysis Network, the stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign still has been under-developed. This paper

  10. Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Education Association, Toronto (Ontario).

    A questionnaire distributed in March 1977 to 71 Canadian school systems sought information on any energy conservation programs that the school boards might have undertaken. Based on the 43 replies received, a 60 percent response rate, the findings are reported and some suggestions are offered. The first section on energy conservation at the board…

  11. Energy conserving Anisotropic Anhysteretic Magnetic Modelling for Finite Element Analysis

    E-print Network

    Jens Krause

    2012-12-20

    To model ferromagnetic material in finite element analysis a correct description of the constitutive relationship (BH-law) must be found from measured data. This article proposes to use the energy density function as a centrepiece. Using this function, which turns out to be a convex function of the flux density, guarantees energy conservative modelling. The magnetic field strength can be seen as a derivative with respect to the flux density. Especially for anisotropic materials (from lamination and/or grain orientation) this method has advantages. Strictly speaking this method is only valid for anhysteretic and thermodynamically stable material.

  12. Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abelson, Philip H.

    1972-01-01

    Comments on The Potential for Energy Conservation,'' a study by the Office of Emergency Preparedness, emphasizing the coming dependence on foreign oil, and presses for government influence to encourage development of more efficient cars. (AL)

  13. an analysis of transportation energy conservation projects in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffry J. Erickson; David L. Greene; Alberto J. Sabadell

    1988-01-01

    Industrialized countries have extensive experience with various transportation energy conservation measures and have been making steady progress in improving the efficiency of their transport sector. Less Developed Countries (LDCs) have also been making progress, but their experience in many aspects of transportation energy conservation is very limited. Development organizations have funded many transportation projects in developing countries, but the vast

  14. Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes options is found to be associated with household use of energy conservation practices conservation practices and place primary importance on energy savings for environmental reasons, while

  15. Energy Conservation Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    Delgado, Mauricio

    Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

  16. Models for residential-and commercial-sector energy conservation analysis: Applications, limitations, and future potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, H. E.; Fuller, R. E.

    1980-09-01

    Four of the major models used by DOE for energy conservation analyses in the residential and commercial building sectors are reviewed and critically analyzed to determine how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. The most effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy conservation policy and analysis is assessed. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

  17. Conserving energy in new buildings: analysis of nonregulatory policies

    SciTech Connect

    Scheer, R.M.; Nieves, L.A.; Mazzucchi, R.P.

    1981-05-01

    The costs and effectiveness of non-regulatory options relative to those of a regulatory approach are analyzed. Nonregulatory program alternatives identified are: information and education programs, tax incentives and disincentives, and mortage and finance programs. Chapter 2 briefly reviews survey data to assess present public awareness of energy issues and energy-efficient building design. Homebuyer and homebuilder surveys are reviewed and conservation motivations are discussed. Chapter 3 examines the provision of technical and economic information to various factors affecting building design decisions. This approach assumes that the economic incentives and technical means to achieve energy conservation goals already exist but that critical information is lacking. Chapter 4 examines how adjustments to the tax structure could enhance economic incentives and counter economic disincentives for energy conservation. Qualifying buildings for tax benefits would almost certainly require certification of design energy consumption. The effectiveness of tax incentives would depend in part on dissemination of public information regarding the incentives. Chapter 5 examines subsidies, such as subsidized mortgages and loan guarantees, which lower the cost of money or other costs but do not change the market structure facing the consumer. Certification that buildings qualify for such treatment would probably be required. Chapter 6 presents recommendations based on the study's findings. (MCW)

  18. Analysis of energy conserving low-order models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yunheng Wang

    2007-01-01

    Low-order models of order n, denoted by LOM( n), naturally arise in the application of Galerkin type projection techniques to a system of partial differential equations of interest in geophysical domain. In order for the LOM(n) to represent physically meaningful solution, it is necessary that LOM(n) conserves energy. The Galerkin projection technique does not incorporate any explicit criteria for the

  19. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  20. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    1990-10-01

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  1. Industrial energy conservation technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1983-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at a conference which examined energy conservation in industrial plants. Topics considered at the conference included the economics of cogeneration, energy conservation techniques, heat recovery systems, energy retrofits, energy management systems in buildings, energy conservation in the textile industry, energy conservation in the telecommunications industry, alternative energy sources, efficient techniques for heating and cooling

  2. Evaluating energy and non-energy impacts of energy conservation programs: A supply curve framework of analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E.; Harris, J.

    1989-06-01

    Historically, the evaluation of energy conservation programs has focused primarily on energy savings and costs. The recent, increased interest in global environmental problems (e.g., acid rain, ozone depletion, and the greenhouse effect), has made decision makers, as well as program evaluators, sensitive to the environmental impacts of all programs, including energy conservation programs. Economic impacts of programs remain important policy concerns. Many state and local jurisdictions are concerned with the net effects of energy policies on economic growth, jobs, and tax revenues, as well as the impacts of growth and development on local energy issues (e.g., construction of new power plants). Consequently, policy makers need a methodology to compare easily the energy and non-energy impacts of a specific program in a consistent way, for both retrospective analysis and for prospective planning. We present the general concepts of a proposed new approach to multi-attribute analysis, as an extension of the concept of ''supply curves of conserved energy.'' In their simplest form, energy conservation supply curves rank and display the savings from conservation measures in order of their cost-effectiveness. This simple concept is extended to reflect multiple decision criteria and some important linkages between energy and non-energy policy decisions (e.g., a ''supply curve of reduced carbon emissions, ''or a ''supply curve of net local job-creation''). The framework is flexible enough, so that policy makers can weigh and compare each of the impacts to reflect their concerns, and see the results in terms of program rankings. The advantages of this analysis framework are that it is simple to use, flexible, and replicable. 15 refs., 6 figs.

  3. Commercial space: Policy analysis of profitability of retrofit for energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Williams; D. Eisen; A. Beverly; R. Murray

    1976-01-01

    The formulation of policy alternatives to promote the retrofit of commercial buildings for energy conservation was investigated. The study design called for: (1) the collection of detailed financial data and building characteristics; (2) the identification of rational retrofit measures individually developed for selected buildings with an estimate of cost and energy saving; (3) a detailed analysis of the financial projection

  4. Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home

    E-print Network

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home of global societies. Conventional centralized water supply systems are inefficient and energy intensive Undergraduate Research Fellowship Award offered by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center at Virginia Tech

  5. School Energy Management: An Analysis of Energy Conservation Measures under the Schools and Hospitals Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen (Shirley J.) Associates, Inc., Lake Jackson, TX.

    This report analyzes a 1981 survey of public school districts receiving energy conservation measure (ECM) grants under the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, Title III, Cycle 1. The report contains charts of data, analyses of projects, and sections presenting study design, data treatment, findings, and conclusions. The survey's purpose was…

  6. Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center 

    E-print Network

    Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1993-01-01

    and Statistical Graphics In order to report the calibration differences, several computer programs and graphical tools were used, including routines by Abbas (1993) and routines developed especially for this report (Bou-Saada 1994). First, the building... Station College Station, Texas !- 12/93 DRAFT - USDOE CDC Report, p. 35 REFERENCES Abbas, M., (1993). Development of Graphical Indices for Building Energy Data, M.S. Thesis, Energy Systems Report No. ESL-TH-93/12-02, Texas A&M University, College Station...

  7. Analysis of the Administrative Cost of Present Energy Conservation: A Case Study of Hebei Province

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Junfeng; Niu Jiangao

    2011-01-01

    This paper, based on clustering methodology, analyzes the administrative measures taken by Hebei Province to complete the mission of energy conservation in industry since the Eleventh Five-Year Plan. Such measures include three aspects: a series of regulations and projects related to industrial energy conservation implemented by relevant government departments; province-wide conferences specifically about industrial energy conservation held many times; but

  8. Parametric analysis of alternative energy conservation measures in an office building in hot and humid climate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Imran Iqbal; Mohammad S. Al-Homoud

    2007-01-01

    The growth of demand for electrical energy in the rapidly expanding towns, cities and industries exceeds the growth of the power being made available. Therefore, energy conservation is becoming an increasingly important issue in Saudi buildings. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of alternative energy conservation measures on energy requirements in office buildings in hot–humid climates.

  9. Energy conservation and the environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. S. Carlsmith

    1974-01-01

    The research emphasizes energy conservation in the residential sector. Experimental investigations attempt to determine optional insulation standards for mobile homes. The program started with a comparison of energy intensiveness for the various transportation modes. Subsequent research was devoted to detailed analysis of automobiles, airplanes, and bicycles. Policy options were reviewed to determine potential impact in reducing overall energy consumption, reducing

  10. Energy conservation standards for new federal residential buildings: A decision analysis study using relative value discounting

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, C. (Houston Univ., TX (USA). Coll. of Business Administration); Merkhofer, M.M.; Hamm, G.L. (Applied Decision Analysis, Inc., Menlo Park, CA (USA))

    1990-07-02

    This report presents a reassessment of the proposed standard for energy conservation in new federal residential buildings. The analysis uses the data presented in the report, Economic Analysis: In Support of Interim Energy Conservation Standards for New Federal Residential Buildings (June 1988)-to be referred to as the EASIECS report. The reassessment differs from that report in several respects. In modeling factual information, it uses more recent forecasts of future energy prices and it uses data from the Bureau of the Census in order to estimate the distribution of lifetimes of residential buildings rather than assuming a hypothetical 25-year lifetime. In modeling social preferences decision analysis techniques are used in order to examine issues of public values that often are not included in traditional cost-benefit analyses. The present report concludes that the public would benefit from the proposed standard. Several issues of public values regarding energy use are illustrated with methods to include them in a formal analysis of a proposed energy policy. The first issue places a value on costs and benefits that will occur in the future as an irreversible consequence of current policy choices. This report discusses an alternative method, called relative value discounting which permits flexible discounting of future events-and the possibility of placing greater values on future events. The second issue places a value on the indirect benefits of energy savings so that benefits accrue to everyone rather than only to the person who saves the energy. This report includes non-zero estimates of the indirect benefits. The third issue is how the costs and benefits discussed in a public policy evaluation should be compared. In summary, selection of individual projects with larger benefit to cost ratios leads to a portfolio of projects with the maximum benefit to cost difference. 30 refs., 6 figs., 16 tabs. (JF)

  11. Energy Conservation in Existing Housing Sites; a Comparative Case Analysis in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Hoppe; Hans Bressers; Kris Lulofs

    2009-01-01

    The housing sector in the Netherlands is responsible for a significant fraction of primary energy use and CO2 emissions. Great energy conservation opportunities are to be found in the existing housing stock, especially in large renovation projects on existing sites. Energy conservation savings of up to 90% are technically feasible. Despite this, there is little empirical evidence available about processes

  12. Energy Conservation vs. Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Somasundaram, Sriram

    2010-09-30

    Energy conservation is considered by some as synonymous with energy efficiency, but to others, it has a meaning of getting fewer or lower quality energy services. The degree of confusion between these meanings varies widely by individual, culture, historic period and language spoken. In the context of this document, energy conservation means to keep from being lost or wasted; saved, and energy efficiency means the ability to produce a desired effect or product with a minimum of effort, expense or waste.

  13. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-09-30

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  14. Major models and data sources for residential and commercial sector energy conservation analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    Major models and data sources are reviewed that can be used for energy-conservation analysis in the residential and commercial sectors to provide an introduction to the information that can or is available to DOE in order to further its efforts in analyzing and quantifying their policy and program requirements. Models and data sources examined in the residential sector are: ORNL Residential Energy Model; BECOM; NEPOOL; MATH/CHRDS; NIECS; Energy Consumption Data Base: Household Sector; Patterns of Energy Use by Electrical Appliances Data Base; Annual Housing Survey; 1970 Census of Housing; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; RECS; Solar Market Development Model; and ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book. Models and data sources examined in the commercial sector are: ORNL Commercial Sector Model of Energy Demand; BECOM; NEPOOL; Energy Consumption Data Base: Commercial Sector; F.W. Dodge Data Base; NFIB Energy Report for Small Businesses; ADL Commercial Sector Energy Use Data Base; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; Nonresidential Buildings Surveys of Energy Consumption; General Electric Co: Commercial Sector Data Base; The BOMA Commercial Sector Data Base; The Tishman-Syska and Hennessy Data Base; The NEMA Commercial Sector Data Base; ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book; and Solar Market Development Model. Purpose; basis for model structure; policy variables and parameters; level of regional, sectoral, and fuels detail; outputs; input requirements; sources of data; computer accessibility and requirements; and a bibliography are provided for each model and data source.

  15. Potential For Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Kumar, A.

    1981-01-01

    The largest single area for industrial energy conservation is in the improvement of combustion efficiencies for heaters and boilers. A number of methods can be employed to recover heat. The most common are by use of recuperative air preheaters...

  16. Promoting household energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Steg

    2008-01-01

    It is commonly assumed that households must change their behaviour to reduce the problems caused by increasing levels of fossil energy use. Strategies for behaviour change will be more effective if they target the most important causes of the behaviour in question. Therefore, this paper first discusses the factors influencing household energy use. Three barriers to fossil fuel energy conservation

  17. Energy Conservation in GTR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl Hoefer

    2000-01-01

    The topics of gravitational field energy and energy-momentum conservation in General Relativity theory have been unjustly neglected by philosophers. If the gravitational field in space free of ordinary matter, as represented by the metric gab itself, can be said to carry genuine energy and momentum, this is a powerful argument for adopting the substantivalist view of spacetime.This paper explores the

  18. Communication and Energy Conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack M. McLeod; Carroll J. Glynn; Robert J. Griffin

    1987-01-01

    Surveys of homeowners in two Wisconsin communities examined the relationship of media use to a set of cognitive, attitudinal, and behavioral components of energy conservation. The perceived importance of the energy issue was associated with media use in both communities. In addition, this relationship was stronger the more energy related the communication variable. Communicaton did not, however, relate consistently to

  19. Energy conservation in infants.

    PubMed

    Blass, Elliott

    2015-08-01

    Energy acquisition through suckling has been widely studied in rat and human infants. Processes mediating energy conservation, however, have not received the attention that they deserve. This essay, in honor of Professor Jerry Hogan, discusses parallel behaviors used by rat and human mothers to minimize energy loss in their offspring. Parallel mechanisms underlying energy preservation have been identified in rats and humans, suggesting phylogenetic conservation and possibly continuity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: In Honor of Jerry Hogan. PMID:25643950

  20. Evaluation and Analysis of GreenHDFS: A Self-Adaptive, Energy-Conserving Variant of the Hadoop Distributed File System

    E-print Network

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Evaluation and Analysis of GreenHDFS: A Self-Adaptive, Energy-Conserving Variant of the Hadoop@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract We present a detailed evaluation and sensitivity anal- ysis of an energy-conserving, highly-classification driven energy-conserving data placement to realize guaranteed, substantially long periods (several days

  1. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Option for the Warehouse Facility at the Human Services Center Complex 

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use of the warehouse facility at the Human Services Center Complex in Austin, Texas was analyzed using the DOE-2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for each building as specified in the building plans provided...

  2. Energy conservation standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. S. Dubin; C. G. Jr. Long

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to present a framework for understanding energy flows in buildings. This book may be used to trace and measure energy flows in a building, to determine which conservation options are most suitable, and to choose materials, forms, systems, and design features. Other topics covered include the cross-influences of lighting, air conditioning and other internal

  3. Campus energy conservation study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. S. Blossom; D. R. Bahnfleth

    1979-01-01

    Recommendations were made for improving a midwestern military academy's central heating plant as part of a program for conserving energy on campus and developing a multi-fuel capability after an energy management evaluation was made. The evaluating team's findings are summarized and corrective measures for immediate changes with little capital investment are listed. A solar hot water system would only be

  4. Conservation of Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

    This lesson plan, authored and curated by David P. Stern, introduces the concept of energy through the ideas of conservation and the ability to run machines. A series of both qualitative and quantitative examples are used to explore different forms of energy and transformations between them. Starting with and focusing on mechanical energy, examples regarding chemical energy, electrical energy, and heat are included. This is part of the larger site "From Stargazers to Starships", and includes a link to the Energy chapter in this online text.

  5. Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians Energy Conservation and Options Analysis - Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Paul Turner

    2008-07-11

    The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant through the Department of Energy First Steps program in June of 2006. The primary purpose of the grant was to enable the Tribe to develop energy conservation policies and a strategy for alternative energy resource development. All of the work contemplated by the grant agreement has been completed and the Tribe has begun implementing the resource development strategy through the construction of a 1.0 MW grid-connected photovoltaic system designed to offset a portion of the energy demand generated by current and projected land uses on the Tribe’s Reservation. Implementation of proposed energy conservation policies will proceed more deliberately as the Tribe acquires economic development experience sufficient to evaluate more systematically the interrelationships between conservation and its economic development goals.

  6. Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presley, Michael H.; And Others

    This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

  7. Energy conservation and sleep

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph J. Berger; Nathan H. Phillips

    1995-01-01

    Phylogenetic and ontogenetic associations between sleep and endothermy are consistent with the hypothesis that sleep evolved in conjuction with endothermy to offset the high energetic cost of endothermy. The electrophysiological and thermoregulatory continuum of slow wave sleep, circadian torpor and hibernation substantiates a primordial link between sleep and energy conservation. Sleep constitutes a circadian and circannual rhythm of hypometabolic adaptation

  8. Energy Conservation in the School Curriculum. Energy Conservation Guidelines 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Irving M., Ed.

    Third in a series of four publications on energy conservation, this booklet discusses the role of an energy conservation curriculum. The pamphlet outlines developing a curriculum, making goal statements, instilling an energy ethic in the minds of students, and effecting an interdisciplinary approach to energy conservation instruction. The…

  9. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program 

    E-print Network

    Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

    1988-01-01

    Texas A&M University's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center (EADC) performed 15 energy audits of small- to medium-size manufacturing plants during its first year. The purpose of the EADC is to identify and recommend specific opportunities...

  10. Data needs in transportation energy conservation research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. P. Oconnor; Andy Loebl

    1977-01-01

    An overview of the subject of data needs in transportation energy conservation research is presented. The discussion focuses upon data which are needed for analysis of economic, social and technological factors which determine energy consumption and conservation aspects in the transportation sector. It is conceived that credible information related to energy supply and demand will help to facilitate a consensus

  11. Energy conservation in museums

    SciTech Connect

    Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

    1980-07-01

    An overall assessment of energy conservation in museums in New York is made in view of the special environmental considerations involved. The special relative humidity, temperature, and lighting requirements of museums were studied extensively. An energy consumption data base was formed with actual energy use data obtained from over fifty institutions across the state. The computerized energy consumption data base compiled covers an extremely wide range of energy usage levels. On-site energy consumption ranged from approximately 20,000 to 400,000 Btu/ft/sup 2/ year. The data base includes small rural institutions and large metropolitan museums, historic and modern structures, seasonal and year-round museums, single buildings and collections of buildings, single-story buildings and multiple-story buildings, an aquarium, and a zoo. Thus, it is difficult to identify trends in the energy consumption data and to make correlations with such parameters as age, type, size, etc. Walk-through or mini energy audits were performed on ten museums located in various parts of New York State. This project also included a thorough study of all potential funding sources to which museums can apply for financing energy conservation measures. Sources of technical assistance and information were also identified. (MCW)

  12. Energy impacts of a municipal conservation policy

    SciTech Connect

    Dietz, T.; Vine, E.L.

    1982-09-01

    An analysis of one of the oldest residential conservation programs in the United States (i.e., the Davis, California Energy Conservation Building Code) reveals a 15% reduction in electricity consumption in the first 41 months of implementation. This reduction, which has been corrected for weather effects, energy-price changes, and non-local policies, is attributed to both the structural features of the code and to the energy conserving behavior of the residents of the city.

  13. Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Optimization 

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    1985-01-01

    COOLING TOWER ENERGY CONSERVATION OPTIMIZATION Robert Burger Burger Associates, Inc. Dallas, Texas Energy conservation strategies involve more than examination of fan horsepower. Colder water and pumping head provide vast savings potentials...

  14. Cooling Towers, Energy Conservation Machines 

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    1980-01-01

    ------------~'l:~' COOLING TOWERS, ENERGY CONSERVATION MACHINES 1980 CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY Robert Burger B~rger Associates Dallas, Texas ABSTRACT Cooling towers, in all too many industrial plants, are often...

  15. Energy conservation: its nature, hidden benefits, and hidden barriers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Schipper

    1976-01-01

    This report discusses various definitions of energy conservation and efficiency of energy utilization. The roles of physical analysis as well as economic analysis are related, and it is suggested that energy conservation is the economic and technical procedure of optimizing energy-using systems based on present and future costs to provide greater output for lower energy inputs. Energy conservation is thus

  16. Advanced energy conservation technology program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Grey

    1976-01-01

    Effective energy conservation is an essential element in national policy. This Conference was assembled to consider the processes by which advanced energy conservation engineering knowledge and methods are introduced into practical end-product manufacture and use, and to examine the possibilities for accelerating these processes. The specific Conference goals were (a) to identify those energy conservation technical disciplines which offer the

  17. LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Lab IV - 1 LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY In this lab you will begin to use the principle of conservation of energy to determine the motion resulting from interactions that are difficult to analyze using force concepts alone. You will explore how conservation of energy is applied to real interactions. Keep

  18. Energy Management and Conservation Plan

    E-print Network

    Energy Management and Conservation Plan December 2005 #12;Texas Transportation Institute December 2005 Energy Management and Conservation Plan Page 2 of 24 Table of Contents Section One: Executive: Reporting Progress #12;Texas Transportation Institute December 2005 Energy Management and Conservation Plan

  19. Industrial Energy Conservation Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 55 papers presented in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 18 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

  20. Industrial energy conservation technology

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, P.S.; Williams, M.A. (eds.)

    1980-01-01

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 60 papers included in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 21 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

  1. Commercial space: policy analysis of profitability of retrofit for energy conservation. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Williams; D. Eisen; A. Beverly; R. Murray

    1976-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide a factual and analytical basis for the formulation of policy alternatives to promote the retrofit of commercial buildings for energy conservation. Specifically, the study design called for: (1) the collection of detailed financial data and building characteristics for selected buildings in the Boston, Detroit, and Miama areas; (2) the identification of rational

  2. Analysis of perceptions regarding the current and future energy-conservation needs of public school districts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to ascertain how chief state school officers, superintendents, facilities directors, and principals perceived the present and future energy conservation needs of local school districts. Information was obtained by questionnaire from randomly selected Washington State superintendents, facilities directors and principals; and from chief state school officers in seven western states. Collected data were analyzed by

  3. Redshift and Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Alasdair Macleod

    2004-08-06

    It has always been considered a serious error to treat the cosmological redshift as a Doppler velocity effect rather than the result of space expansion. It is demonstrated here that in practical terms this is not the case, and that the apparent distance - redshift relation derived from a Doppler interpretation is reasonably consistent with supernova data (though not as good as the standard model with dark energy). The normal Doppler effect is examined in detail and shown to conserve energy as expected. Because of the equivalence between the general relativistic space expansion paradigm and the Doppler effect (as demonstrated) the long-standing problem of energy loss associated with the expansion of the Universe is treated in a similar manner to the normal well-behaved Doppler effect. The mechanism by which energy is conserved with the normal Doppler shift is applied to the cosmological redshift and the energy violation disappears. However, an additional luminosity-dependent recession factor is introduced. The effect on astronomical objects is examined and it is found to add only a small additional redshift to a body generating power by nuclear means but can be very large for objects powered by gravity. A possible connection to the claimed anomalous redshift of quasars is considered.

  4. Personal Values and Commitment to Energy Conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith Neuman

    1986-01-01

    Human values represent an important but neglected level of analysis in the study of energy conservation behavior. This article examines the role values play in people's commitment to energy conservation, using data from an in-depth survey of 376 households in Southern California. The impact of values on commitment is considered in terms of a theoretical framework that includes attributes of

  5. Physics 321 Energy Conservation Potential Energy in

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Physics 321 Hour 7 Energy Conservation ­ Potential Energy in One Dimension WorkEnergy Theorem all Ts, Us. T+U = E = E0. Gives v(y). Conservation of Energy II A sphere rolls without slipping down T and U. 2) Write equations of constraint among variables. #12;Conservation of Energy III (b) A sphere

  6. Information Strategies and Energy Conservation Behavior: A Meta-analysis of Experimental Studies from 1975-2012

    E-print Network

    Delmas, Magali A.; Fischlein, Miriam; Asensio, Omar I.

    2013-01-01

    world, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservation

  7. Information Strategies and Energy Conservation Behavior: A Meta-analysis of Experimental Studies from 1975-2011

    E-print Network

    Delmas, Magali; Fischlein, Miriam; Asensio, Omar

    2013-01-01

    world, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservation

  8. National energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A set of energy conservation actions that cut across all sectors of the economy were analyzed so that all actions under consideration be analyzed systematically and as a whole. The actions considered were as follows: (1) roll back the price of newly discovered oil, (2) freeze gasoline production for 3 years at 1972 levels, (3) mandate automobile mileage improvements, (4) require industry to improve energy efficiency, (5) require manufacture of household appliances with greater efficiency, (6) force conversion of many power plants from gas and oil to coal. The results showed that considerable gas and oil would be saved by forcing switches to coal. However, the large scale switch to coal was shown to require greatly increased outputs from many other industries that in turn require more energy. It was estimated that nearly 2.5 quads of additional coal were needed to produce these additional requirements. Also, the indirect requirements would create more jobs.

  9. Supply Curves of Conserved Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Meier, Alan Kevin

    1982-05-01

    Supply curves of conserved energy provide an accounting framework that expresses the potential for energy conservation. The economic worthiness of a conservation measure is expressed in terms of the cost of conserved energy, and a measure is considered economical when the cost of conserved energy is less than the price of the energy it replaces. A supply curve of conserved energy is independent of energy prices; however, the economical reserves of conserved energy will depend on energy prices. Double-counting of energy savings and error propagation are common problems when estimating conservation potentials, but supply curves minimize these difficulties and make their consequences predictable. The sensitivity of the cost of conserved energy is examined, as are variations in the optimal investment strategy in response to changes in inputs. Guidelines are presented for predicting the consequences of such changes. The conservation supply curve concept can be applied to peak power, water, pollution, and other markets where consumers demand a service rather than a particular good.

  10. Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs 

    E-print Network

    Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

    2012-01-01

    Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs Emily Goodin, LEED AP Energy Solutions Specialist Schneider Electric Steve Hanner Director of Maintenance Allen ISD Roy Mitchel District Energy Manager Allen ISD 2 Behavior... arranged with Energy Management Team ?Opportunity arises from discussions Conserve My Planet 4 The Opportunity ?Technology and Maintenance addressed ?DDC Controls ?Efficient Lighting ?Efficient Mechanical Equipment ?Motion sensors...

  11. Individual energy-conservation behaviors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Beck; S. I. Doctors; P. Y. Hammond

    1980-01-01

    One important basis for sound energy policy is an understanding of how American consumers view and practice energy conservation. Project Monitor, a study of consumers' energy attitudes and behavior surveyed more than 1000 household consumers to determine individual attributes, situational factors, attitudes, and perceptions that influence (or fail to influence) energy conservation. Using these data, the authors related specific types

  12. Energy conservation program guide for commercial buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    de Latour

    1975-01-01

    The following topics are discussed: the definition of the commercial building category, the purpose of the conservation program guide, energy conservation in existing buildings, energy conservation in new buildings, goals of the state energy conservation programs, and reports. (MHR)

  13. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Addition to Records Storage Building

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    REPORT Submitted by Mohsen Farzad Dennis L. O'Neal Prepared For Energy Efficiency Division Texas Public Utility Commission Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The energy use and peak load requirements of the addition to Records Storage Building in Austin, Texas were... reflectivity and low overall heat transfer coefficient was used to study the reduction of glass conduction and glass solar loads. Other options which were studied included increasing the wall and roof insulation,- reducing the light level, temperature setback...

  14. Energy conservation with flywheels

    SciTech Connect

    Rabenhorst, D.W.

    1981-01-01

    The flywheel can be made to store more energy per unit weight, volume and cost than conventional electric storage batteries. It accepts or delivers the energy at a much higher rate than the electric battery, and has a much longer operating life. These capabilities uniquely qualify the flywheel for many mobile energy conservation concepts which, if implemented, could significantly reduce world oil consumption. Flywheels made of isotropic materials, such as solid steel, are generally limited to about five or six watt-hours-per-pound. The performance of the improved wound flywheels is now in the range of ten to thirty-watt-hours-per-pound, and the principal objective of the current U.S. Department of Energy high performance program is a demonstration of flywheels having a capability of forty watt-hours-per-pound. Actual laboratory demonstrations have exceeded twice this value. Applications subject to current flywheel programs are for urban buses (flywheel only; flywheel/diesel hybrid), automobiles (flywheel/battery hybrid, flywheel/engine hybrid, miniature car with flywheel only), mine shuttle car, stationary electric generators from about 1 kWh to 100 kWh,and for tools.

  15. California's Energy Policy: Conservation Works 

    E-print Network

    Greene, D.

    1982-01-01

    Conservation is the foundation of California's energy policy and the largest single source of the state's 'new energy supply'. Our goal is to use economic market forces and government programs to direct energy Investments away from our current...

  16. Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs

    E-print Network

    Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

    2012-01-01

    Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs Emily Goodin, LEED AP Energy Solutions Specialist Schneider Electric Steve Hanner Director of Maintenance Allen ISD Roy Mitchel District Energy Manager Allen ISD 2 Behavior...

  17. Conducting an Energy Conservation Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Rodney F.; LaHart, David E.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a lesson where students conduct an attitude survey on energy conservation in order to learn about survey research and scales in handling survey data. Explains that the understanding of survey research and energy conservation is relevant to ones civic life. Provides the energy attitude survey the students used for data collection. (CMK)

  18. Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

    2009-01-01

    Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

  19. The Thermodynamics of Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Witte, L. C.

    1986-01-01

    . The first and second laws of thermodynamics will be reviewed in this paper from the context of how they relate to energy conservation. Some simple examples of how they are used to analyze energy conservation systems will be presented. The use of device...

  20. Economic incentives for energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. N. Nemetz; M. Hankey

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses theoretical and practical issues involved in the use of economic incentives for energy conservation. The principal focus is on electricity use in North American residential and commercial sectors. An additional discussion is provided on fuels, conservation measures, industrial energy use, and related European experience. Topics covered include: electricity pricing, introduction and the nature of utility costs; cost

  1. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation/Management of the Texas A&M University- Kingsville Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center

    E-print Network

    Medina, M. A.; Elkassabgi, Y.

    requirements of manufacturing plants; to identify, quantify, and recommend specific opportunities to conserve energy and/or utilize alternate energy sources. The findings are reported to the manufactures, together with estimates of their savings, implementation...

  2. Transportation energy conservation data book

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Loebl; D. J. Bjornstad; D. F. Burch; E. B. Howard; J. F. Hull; D. G. Madewell; N. S. Malthouse; M. C. Ogle

    1976-01-01

    Statistical data on energy use in the transportation sector are presented in the form of tables, graphs, and charts. The following topics are covered in six chapters: characteristics of transportation modes; energy characteristics, including energy consumption by source and by sector and energy intensiveness; conservation alternatives; government impacts, including expenditures, regulations and research, development, and demonstration spending; energy supply, including

  3. February 25, 2005 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR

    E-print Network

    Tübingen, Universität

    February 25, 2005 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR MULTI­FREQUENCY OSCILLATORY DIFFERENTIAL­time near­conservation of the total and oscillatory energies of numerical integrators for Hamiltonian systems, modulated Fourier expansion, energy conservation, oscillatory solutions. 1 Introduction

  4. February 6, 2004 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR

    E-print Network

    Hairer, Ernst

    February 6, 2004 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR MULTI­FREQUENCY OSCILLATORY DIFFERENTIAL­time near­conservation of the total and oscillatory energies of numerical integrators for Hamiltonian, Hamiltonian systems, modulated Fourier expansion, energy conservation, oscillatory solutions. 1 Introduction

  5. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36 Section 910...Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development ...and the District of Columbia Energy Conservation Code Act of 1979 and its...

  6. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation. 910.36 Section 910...Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development ...and the District of Columbia Energy Conservation Code Act of 1979 and its...

  7. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36 Section 910...Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development ...and the District of Columbia Energy Conservation Code Act of 1979 and its...

  8. Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982. Appendix

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

    1985-06-01

    This appendix contains the detailed documentation corresponding to the end-use sectoral analyses presented in the main report. The data and methods used to calculate alternative scenarios for estimating energy savings in four economic sectors are provided in this volume. Appendix A contains the detailed documentation for the residential sector analysis. The methodology used to prepare estimates of building energy savings in the commercial sector is provided in Appendix B. Finally, Appendices C and D discuss the data and explain the analytical techniques used to derive estimates of energy savings in the industrial and transportation sectors, respectively. 9 refs., 14 figs., 86 tabs.

  9. Information strategies and energy conservation behavior: A meta-analysis of experimental studies from 1975 to 2012

    E-print Network

    Delmas, MA; Fischlein, M; Asensio, OI

    2013-01-01

    strategies. Energy use accounts for 40% of greenhouse gases across the world and effective conservationworld, there are new and exciting opportunities to test information-based strategies for energy conservation.

  10. Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Optimization

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    Energy conservation strategies involve more than examination of fan horsepower. Colder water and pumping head provide vast savings potentials. What is dollar value of 1°F in your process? What is dollar cost of pumping water to distribution system...

  11. IECL Energy Conservation Material Package.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Interstate Energy Conservation Leadership.

    This publication presents information on how schools and school districts can save energy. The energy conservation materials contained in this package are organized into two sections. The section titles are: (1) Towards a State Education Energy Policy; and (2) Materials for Distribution to School Districts. Topics presented in the first section…

  12. Heat transfer in energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. J. Goldstein; D. Didion; R. Gopal; K. Kreider; R. Schoenhals

    1977-01-01

    Seventeen papers by various authors are presented. The topics discussed are the many areas of heat transfer in energy conservation systems such as new techniques for measurement of quantities related to heat loss and energy use; monitoring and control instrumentation; potential energy savings in commercial\\/residential communities; total system design for building envelopes; and heat storage systems. Individual papers are abstracted

  13. A. La Rosa Lecture Notes ENERGY CONSERVATION

    E-print Network

    ________________________________________________________________________ ENERGY CONSERVATION The Fisrt Law of Thermodynamics and the Classical Work Kinetic-Energy (CWE) Theorem I. CONSERVATION of ENERGY Ref: This section taken from The Feynman Lectures Vol. 1, Ch. 4] I.1. What is energy? Illustration of conservation of energy with an analogy: Conservation of blocks I.2. Reversible and non

  14. Fermilab Central Computing Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study

    SciTech Connect

    Krstulovich, S.F.

    1986-11-12

    This report is developed as part of the Fermilab Central Computing Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update under the provisions of DOE Document 6430.1, Chapter XIII-21, Section 14, paragraph a. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis and should be considered as a supplement to the Title I Design Report date March 1986 wherein energy related issues are discussed pertaining to building envelope and orientation as well as electrical systems design.

  15. Energy Conservation Guidelines - 4: Energy Conservation in School Transportation Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giesguth, John, Ed.; Scheingold, Edward, Ed.

    Recommended are practices for reducing energy consumed in the process of transporting school pupils. Among the areas in which energy conservation measures may be instituted are preventive bus maintenance, field trip coordination, bus driving practices, modified scheduling policies, and training of bus drivers. (WB)

  16. Energy Conservation Guidelines - 2: Energy Conservation in School Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Irving M., Ed.; Gates, Richard M., Ed.

    The suggestions contained in this guide are intended to help reduce energy consumption in school facilities. Energy conservation measures are discussed on three levels: (1) the educational program and activities schedule, (2) operation of the facility and supporting systems, and (3) the physical plant. Discussed are high cost, medium cost, and low…

  17. Energy Conservation Guidelines - 3: Energy Conservation in the School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Irving M., Ed.

    Contained in this curriculum manual are guidelines for incorporating energy conservation into regular classroom programs. To be most effective in teaching an energy ethic, a problem-solving approach is recommended which uses the expertise of each discipline. Also presented are general program goals, cognitive objectives, and affective goals for an…

  18. Energy conservation programs in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Levine; Jonathan E. Sinton

    1996-01-01

    State-sponsored energy conservation policies and programs have been a key factor in the striking drop in energy intensity of China's economy since the 1980s. China established an extensive administrative structure for energy management that linked the highest policy-making bodies with all the country's major energy-users. A national agency was created to administer large grants and loans for energy-efficiency projects. A

  19. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect

    Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

    2013-08-20

    The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

  20. Household Energy Conservation and Efficiency

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Office of Educational Partnerships,

    Students complete three different activities to evaluate the energy consumption in a household and explore potential ways to reduce that consumption. The focus is on conservation and energy efficient electrical devices and appliances.The lesson reinforces the relationship between power and energy and associated measurements and calculations required to evaluate energy consumption. The lesson provides students with more concrete information for completing their culminating unit assignment.

  1. Energy Conservation in Sensor and

    E-print Network

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    wireless network, and must work unattended. The limited energy budget at the individual sensor level Sensor Networks Current research and implementation efforts are mostly oriented toward a traditionalChapter 4 Energy Conservation in Sensor and Sensor-Actuator Networks Ivan Stojmenovic 4

  2. Facilities Recycling for Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredrickson, John H.

    Conservation of energy is within the control and very much within the responsibility of educators. Schools are among the greatest "wasters" of energy in the nation today. Principals must become more knowledgeable about their buildings than they have been in the past. Indepth inspections of the school facilities will identify the most flagrant…

  3. Conservation of Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Michael Horton

    2009-05-30

    This activity is inquiry because students have not yet been exposed to the idea of gravitational potential energy being converted into kinetic energy. Students should be able to measure this by performing this activity. They will compare the velocity that

  4. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The foundry industry is a significant user of energy, and therefore, a natural candidate for efforts to save energy and improve efficiency by both governmental agencies and technical/trade associations. These efforts are designed to both improve the national energy position and improve the industry's efficiency and profitability. Increased energy cost and the reduced availability of fossil fuels at certain times have provided the incentive to curb waste and to utilize purchased energy wisely. Energy costs now approach and sometimes exceed 10% of the sales dollar of many foundries. Although energy use by foundries has gradually decreased on a per/ton basis in recent years, the foundry industry must continue to find ways to utilize energy more efficiently. This workbook provides ways to achieve this goal.

  5. Economic analysis in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 6

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1989-09-01

    The objective of this document is to present an analysis of the impacts of the proposed voluntary energy conservation standard fr the construction of new residential buildings. This analysis examines the impacts of having the proposed residential standard apply immediately and, alternatively, having the proposed standard phased in over a five-year period.

  6. Energy Conservation Guidelines - 1: District Level Plan for Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Irving M., Ed.; Colavita, Leon J., Ed.

    Presented are suggestions written to help local school districts develop an energy conservation program in order to minimize budget problems brought about by rising energy costs. Program areas covered include formation of the district energy conservation team, assignment of duties, operation of energy audit systems, and evaluation procedures. To…

  7. 76 FR 69122 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ...regulations the energy and water conservation standards required by the Energy...published amended energy and water conservation standards for commercial clothes...Sec. 431.156 Energy and water conservation standards and effective...

  8. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program 

    E-print Network

    Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

    1988-01-01

    additional 5,500 MMBtu of natural gas savings result from the Opportunity ECOs) or 11% of the total energy savings, and $11,000 or 4% of the total cost savings. The estimated cost to implement the 10 ECOs (9% of the ECOs) is $4,800 resulting in a payback...,536 175 158 28 10,100 (4,884 ) 276 13,520 11,233) 890 697 349 100.261 21.509 11,479 8,451 1,886 90,000 15,500 5,500 14,300 5,000 0.9 0.7 0.5 1.7 2.7 Total 2,558,905 361 5,492 14,223 143,586 130,300 0.9 dryers with gas...

  9. Designing for Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes, R. C.

    This document is a description of the energy efficient designs for new schools in the Alief Independent School District of Houston, Texas. Exhibit A shows how four major school projects differ from conventional designs. Parameters and designs for heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and lighting are given. Twenty year projected energy costs and…

  10. Energy conservation principles

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This paper and presentation discuss preliminary findings from energy audits conducted in cotton gins in six states including the allocation of motor horse power and kilowatt hours energy consumption per bale. General inferences will be drawn from information collected at gin plants of various bale...

  11. Energy conserving nonholonomic integrators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jorge Cortes

    2002-01-01

    We address the problem of constructing numerical integrators for nonholonomic Lagrangian systems that enjoy appropriate discrete versions of the geometric properties of the continuous flow, including the preservation of energy. Building on previous work on time-dependent discrete mechanics, our approach is based on a discrete version of the Lagrange-d'Alembert principle for nonautonomous systems.

  12. Energy conservation in industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Strub; H. Ehringer

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses combustion and heat recovery, engines and batteries, and applications and technologies. Some of the topics covered include: energy-saving technologies; heat exchangers, fluidized bed exchangers, industrial heat pumps; fluidized bed combustion; waste heat recovery; orc machines and cascading; engines and flywheels; new types of engines; advanced batteries; fuel cell; chemical industry and catalysis; metallurgy; textile industry; food industry;

  13. Energy Conservation for Servers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Bohrer; D. Cohn; E. Elnozahy; T. Keller; M. Kistler; C. Lefurgy; R. Rajamony; F. Rawson; E. Van Hensbergen

    We base our opinion on several observed trends in the technology and the marketplace. Technology trends for server-class processors predict ever increasing performance at the expense of a rising energy budget (4). Recent advances also have allowed manufacturers to pack and integrate unprecedented numbers of transistors on a chip, with a corresponding increase in power consumption and cooling requirements. These

  14. A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

    1980-01-01

    is arbitrarily divideq into two parts - physical and chemical - and fur~her? more the physical available energy is similarly divided into thermal available energy (Aj,t) assd ciated with temperature change and mechanical available energy (A. ) associated...

  15. Energy conservation in swine buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, D.D.; Friday, W.H.

    1980-05-01

    Saving energy in confinement swine buildings can be achieved by conserving existing animal heat through both proper building construction and control of the environment. Environmental management practices considered include building insulation and modifications, heating and cooling system selection, ventilation system adjustments, and proper building temperature. (MCW)

  16. ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH SOURCE REDUCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report deals with energy conservation through reduction in generation of post-consumer solid waste. The objective, scope, methodology and summary of the report are presented in Section 1. Section 2 contains the conclusions. Section 3 presents a review of output and input app...

  17. Midway Community Energy Conservation Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Englund; James S

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to study the effects of certain energy conservation modifications to houses at Midway, Washington. The installation costs of the modifications were considered in order to determine whether the modifications were cost effective. Eighteen houses were studied. A computerized data recording system has been installed in the community which measures the same variables for every

  18. Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects

    E-print Network

    Keller, Arturo A.

    Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects A.Keller, S. Hughes, S. Bennett, M, the Metropolitan Water District, the California Urban Water Conservation Council, Santa Clara Valley Water District) as a result of energy and water conservation; ~ Determined total cost of implementing the conservation

  19. Nonprice incentives and energy conservation.

    PubMed

    Asensio, Omar I; Delmas, Magali A

    2015-02-10

    In the electricity sector, energy conservation through technological and behavioral change is estimated to have a savings potential of 123 million metric tons of carbon per year, which represents 20% of US household direct emissions in the United States. In this article, we investigate the effectiveness of nonprice information strategies to motivate conservation behavior. We introduce environment and health-based messaging as a behavioral strategy to reduce energy use in the home and promote energy conservation. In a randomized controlled trial with real-time appliance-level energy metering, we find that environment and health-based information strategies, which communicate the environmental and public health externalities of electricity production, such as pounds of pollutants, childhood asthma, and cancer, outperform monetary savings information to drive behavioral change in the home. Environment and health-based information treatments motivated 8% energy savings versus control and were particularly effective on families with children, who achieved up to 19% energy savings. Our results are based on a panel of 3.4 million hourly appliance-level kilowatt-hour observations for 118 residences over 8 mo. We discuss the relative impacts of both cost-savings information and environmental health messaging strategies with residential consumers. PMID:25583494

  20. Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center, Final Summary Report 

    E-print Network

    Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1994-01-01

    The U.S.D.O.E. Forrestal Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features such as efficient lighting, a photovoltaic system, an energy management system, lighting...

  1. A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

    1980-01-01

    for the present purpose, the so-called heat availability diagram has been used. It is useful to show visually the status of energy utilization, the loss of available energy due to irreversibility of process, and the bottleneck on improving energy utilization...

  2. Ship energy conservation assist team (SECAT)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RICHARD DANGEL; A. EDWARD BRICE

    1984-01-01

    The Ship Energy Conservation Assist Team (SECAT) Program was initiated in Fiscal Year (FY) 82 by the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) to demonstrate and introduce individual Ship Commands to known energy conserving techniques without adding equipment complexity or additional maintenance burden. The principal objective is to provide each ship with an energy consumption, coupled with recommended energy conservation strategies.

  3. The economics of energy conservation policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald J Sutherland

    1996-01-01

    Energy conservation proponents have recently attempted to provide a more rigorous economics justification for both energy appliance standards and utility energy conservation programmes. A tenable case cannot however, be made: market failures do not produce a consistent bias towards energy use; conservation programmes do not reduce the cause of the market failure, and more typically exacerbate market or regulatory failures;

  4. Decision support for energy conservation promotion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. M. Kablan

    2004-01-01

    An effective energy conservation program in any country should encourage the different enterprises, utilities and individuals to employ energy efficient processes, technologies, equipment, and materials. Governments use different mechanisms or policy instruments such as pricing policy (PP), regulation and legislation (RL), training and education, fiscal and financial incentives (FFI), and R&D to promote energy conservation. Effective implementation of energy conservation

  5. ECASTAR: Energy Conservation; an Assessment of Systems, Technologies and Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A methodology for a systems approach display and assessment of the potential for energy conservation actions and the impacts of those actions was presented. The U.S. economy is divided into four sectors: energy industry, industry, residential/commercial and transportation. Each sector is assessed with respect to energy conservation actions and impacts. The four sectors are combined and three strategies for energy conservation actions for the combined sectors are assessed. The three strategies (national energy conservation, electrification and diversification) represent energy conservation actions for the near term (now to 1985), the mid term (1985 to 2000) and the far term (2000 and beyond). The assessment procedure includes input/output analysis to bridge the flows between the sectors, and net economics and net energetics as performance criteria for the conservation actions. Targets of opportunity for large net energy net energy savings and the application of technology to achieve these savings are discussed.

  6. Directory of industrial energy conservation opportunities (DIECO)

    SciTech Connect

    Duke, L.D.

    1984-08-01

    This Directory has been assembled to systematize the collection, computerized storage, and analysis of energy conservation opportunities (ECOs). Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs) are organized into major groups, subgroups, and ECO types. Each major group is labeled with a two-digit number, ending in zero; each subgroup is also labeled with a two-digit number, beginning with the same digit as the associated major group. Each ECO type carries a four-digit number, of which the first two are the same as the code of the associated subgroup, and the fourth is a zero. The DIECO system is intended to group ECOs logically for easy reference and access, minimize redundant ECO listings, organize ECOs hierarchically to allow data analysis at several levels of detail, and cross-reference similar ECOs which may refer to different areas of industrial energy usage.

  7. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  8. Energy Conservation for Public Office Buildings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roush, Larry F.

    1973-01-01

    The energy conservation policy for public office buildings includes experimental designs of new federal office buildings in Manchester, New Hampshire and Saginaw, Michigan, as well as immediate energy conservation efforts. (Author/MF)

  9. Energy Conservation for Boiler Water Systems 

    E-print Network

    Beardsley, M. L.

    1981-01-01

    . This paper reviews methods to conserve energy in industrial boiler water systems. Both mechanical and chemical approaches for energy conservation are discussed. The important aspects of efficient combustion are covered as well as other mechanical factors...

  10. Studying the Laws of Conservation of Momentum and Energy using a Ballistic Pendulum Conservation of Energy

    E-print Network

    Yu, Jaehoon

    Studying the Laws of Conservation of Momentum and Energy using a Ballistic Pendulum Theory: Conservation of Energy Conservation of energy is a principle that energy is neither created nor destroyed of conservation of momentum and energy are used with the ballistic pendulum to measure the velocity

  11. A compendium of energy conservation success stories

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-09-01

    Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office/endash/Energy Utilization Research/endash/sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

  12. Energy conservation in ice skating rinks

    SciTech Connect

    Dietrich, B.K.; McAvoy, T.J.

    1980-01-01

    An economic and energy analysis of ice rinks was made to examine the areas in which energy could be profitably conserved. The areas where new equipment could make a major reduction in energy use are: the use of waste heat for space heating, the installation of a low emissivity false ceiling to reduce radiant heat, the use of a load cycling controller to reduce refrigeration costs, and the installation of more efficient lighting systems. Changes in rink operating procedure that could cut energy use are: higher refrigerant temperatures, thinner ice, the use of colder resurfacing water, turning the compressors and pumps off at night, and reducing ventilation.

  13. Identification of cost effective energy conservation measures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bierenbaum, H. S.; Boggs, W. H.

    1978-01-01

    In addition to a successful program of readily implemented conservation actions for reducing building energy consumption at Kennedy Space Center, recent detailed analyses have identified further substantial savings for buildings representative of technical facilities designed when energy costs were low. The techniques employed for determination of these energy savings consisted of facility configuration analysis, power and lighting measurements, detailed computer simulations and simulation verifications. Use of these methods resulted in identification of projected energy savings as large as $330,000 a year (approximately two year break-even period) in a single building. Application of these techniques to other commercial buildings is discussed

  14. Energy conservation in Bacillus megaterium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew J. Downs; Colin W. Jones

    1975-01-01

    1.The respiratory chain energy conservation systems of Bacillus megaterium strains D440 and M have been investigated following growth in batch and continuous culture. Respiratory membranes from these strains contained cytochromes b, aa3, o and b, c, a, o, respectively; both readily oxidised NADH but neither showed any pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase activity.2.Whole cells of both strains exhibited endogenous ?H-\\/O ratios of

  15. On energy conservation in extended magnetohydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Kimura, Keiji [Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Morrison, P. J. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-1060 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    A systematic study of energy conservation for extended magnetohydrodynamic models that include Hall terms and electron inertia is performed. It is observed that commonly used models do not conserve energy in the ideal limit, i.e., when viscosity and resistivity are neglected. In particular, a term in the momentum equation that is often neglected is seen to be needed for conservation of energy.

  16. Enhancing energy conserving methods \\Lambda Sebastian Reich

    E-print Network

    Reich, Sebastian

    Enhancing energy conserving methods \\Lambda Sebastian Reich Konrad­Zuse Zentrum Berlin Heilbronner], achieves conservation of energy by a global scaling of the force field. This leads to an undesirable also show how to combine an energy conserving discretization of the strong forces with a symplectic

  17. ENERGY CONSERVATION BY ORMERTYPE NUMERICAL INTEGRATORS

    E-print Network

    Tübingen, Universität

    ENERGY CONSERVATION BY ST ¨ ORMER­TYPE NUMERICAL INTEGRATORS ERNST HAIRER \\Lambda AND CHRISTIAN and the Numerov method. In Section 2 we begin by studying the long­time conservation of the total energy when the long­time energy conservation by a class of methods which integrate the linear part of oscillatory

  18. ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH NONSYMPLECTIC METHODS: EXAMPLES AND

    E-print Network

    Hairer, Ernst

    ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH NON­SYMPLECTIC METHODS: EXAMPLES AND COUNTER­EXAMPLES ERWAN FAOU 1 , ERNST. email: Ernst.Hairer@math.unige.ch, Truong­Linh.Pham@math.unige.ch Abstract. Energy conservation into energy conservation with non­ symplectic methods. Su#cient conditions and counter­examples are presented

  19. Payette Idaho Pool Energy Conservation Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loren L. Larson; Timothy C. Hillman; Jeffrey J. McCullough; Nicole D. Roy

    2001-01-01

    Staff at PNNL studied and performed evaluations on the pool facility for energy conservation measures and actions to lower the annual energy costs of the pool complex. PNNL staff analyzed the utility billing data and a number of energy conservation opportunities. Conservation opportunities analyzed include adding pool covers and a solar water heating system, sealing and insulating the building envelope,

  20. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... false Modernization and energy conservation standards. 968.115 ...115 Modernization and energy conservation standards. All improvements...Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified in...

  1. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Modernization and energy conservation standards. 968.115 ...115 Modernization and energy conservation standards. All improvements...Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified in...

  2. An attempt to simulate more precisely the behavior of a solid body using new energy conservation equation for fully coupled thermal structural analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Écsi; P. Élesztös

    In this paper a numerical study of solid bar behavior under various mechanical loads is presented using fully coupled thermal\\u000a structural analysis with large strain \\/ large deformation formulation. The analysis is based on a new energy conservation\\u000a equation [2], which the authors believe represents the most complete formulation of the first principle of thermodynamics in contemporary\\u000a computational mechanics. In

  3. Estimating the energy conservation potential of ventilation control through weather data analysis. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Kusuda; J. W. Bean

    1977-01-01

    Hourly weather data for six selected cities in the United States covering eleven consecutive years were analyzed to aid in estimating the possible energy saving that could be achieved by closing the outdoor dampers during unoccupied hours. Hourly temperature and enthalpy values are presented in histogram form for occupied and unoccupied periods (office use), with the suggestion that similar data

  4. Cooling Towers, Energy Conservation Strategies 

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    1983-01-01

    COOLING TOWERS, ENERGY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES Robert Burger, Burger Associates, Inc., Dallas, Texas EVERY REFRIGERATION INSTALLATION, PETROCHEMICAL FACILITY AND CHEMICAL PLANT HAS A RESOURCE QUIETLY AWAITING EXPLOITATION - COLD WATER...,024 93,402 103,780 150 140.57 36,942 49,256 61,570 73.884 86,198 98,511 110,825 123,139 200 188.65 49.577 66,103 82,629 99.154 115,680 132,206 148,732 165,257 BURGER ASSOCIATES INC. FIGURE 5: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HORSE POWER AND ENERGY COSTS...

  5. Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws. Gauge Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily

    1999-01-01

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational

  6. Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself 

    E-print Network

    McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

    1982-01-01

    With proper management of energy conservation programs, any structure can be energy efficient. And this energy efficiency need not require great expenditures. A 'systems approach' to energy management identifies a series of activities which...

  7. 77 FR 10997 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ...Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction AGENCY...regarding energy conservation standards for distribution transformers. It was recently discovered...Industrial Equipment,'' including distribution transformers. The Energy Policy...

  8. 75 FR 12144 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ...produce significant energy savings in comparison...Furnaces 1. Background Energy conservation standards...EPCA in terms of annual fuel utilization...amending the minimum energy conservation standards...manufactured for sale in the United States, or imported...

  9. 75 FR 21981 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ...No: C1-2010-7611] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 [Docket Number EE-2006-BT-STD-0129] RIN 1904-AA90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct Heating...

  10. Energy Conservation Analysis 

    E-print Network

    Clark, W. H.

    1994-01-01

    in the program: tinting glass, single-to-double pane conversion, adding roof insulation, savings from landscape features, external wall shading and reduction in outside air. Each of these are evaluated in a separate building load subroutine. The program computes...

  11. Energy and cost savings analysis of Wood Burning Boiler Plant, Fort Stewart, Georgia: Final report, Validation of ECIP Project No. 193: DOD, Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Broders; D. R. Miller

    1987-01-01

    An Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) project to install a 94,900 lb steam per hour wood burning boiler in the Fort Stewart Central Energy Plant was selected by the US Army for validation by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This ECIP project was justified on the basis of fuel cost savings and the use of a renewable energy source: wood

  12. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  13. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  14. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  15. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  16. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  17. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...HUD; (b) Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation...Where changing or installing a new utility system, conduct a life-cycle cost analysis, reflecting installation and operating costs; and (d) Provide...

  18. District-Level Plan for Conservation. Energy Conservation Guidelines 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Irving M., Ed.; Colavita, Leon J., Ed.

    Updating a similar booklet published in 1975, this guide is written to assist local school districts in organizing their energy conservation efforts to maintain vital services and programs and to provide the healthful, safe, and comfortable physical environment necessary for schools. Topics covered include the composition of the district energy

  19. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation 

    E-print Network

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    1985-01-01

    This paper describes an overview of the energy conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy efficiencies and how it changes constitution of fuel--converting oil consumption to coal. Energy...

  20. Energy Conservation Activity Packet, K-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakke, Ruth

    This book was developed in response to the concern for energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grades K-2. The teacher is provided with some background information on energy, an extensive teacher's annotated bibliography, and a list of resources. The…

  1. Diffusion in Energy Conserving Coupled Maps

    E-print Network

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2012-09-09

    We consider a dynamical system consisting of subsystems indexed by a lattice. Each subsystem has one conserved degree of freedom ("energy") the rest being uniformly hyperbolic. The subsystems are weakly coupled together so that the sum of the subsystem energies remains conserved. We prove that the subsystem energies satisfy the diffusion equation in a suitable scaling limit.

  2. Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

    2014-01-01

    Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention. Imagine that…

  3. Spin precession and energy conservation Onuttom Narayan

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Spin precession and energy conservation Onuttom Narayan Physics Department, University as a single closed system whose energy is conserved. Through two simple examples, it is shown, but as a result of the energy difference between states with the spin parallel and antiparallel to the field. Thus

  4. Energy Conservation More Effective With Rebound Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh

    2011-01-01

    This article sketches the problem of indirect energy use effects, also known as rebound, of energy conservation. There is\\u000a widespread support for energy conservation, especially when it is voluntary, as this seems a cheap way to realize environmental\\u000a and energy-climate goals. However, this overlooks the phenomenon of rebound. The topic of energy rebound has mainly attracted\\u000a attention from energy analysts,

  5. Design of an energy conservation building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jensen, R. N.

    1981-11-01

    The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

  6. Design of an energy conservation building

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jensen, R. N.

    1981-01-01

    The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

  7. Conference report: Energy Conservation in Transportation and Construction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. W. Busching; D. O. Covault; R. L. Dean; R. Lochow

    1976-01-01

    The following topics are discussed: highway transportation's response to energy conservation; alternate transport modes and energy consumption; alternate freight modes; public transportation and energy conservation; rail transportation - its place in the Nation's energy conservation program; vehicle performance; optimizing the use of materials and energy in construction; options for conserving energy in transportation; transportation system design; and energy conservation related

  8. 76 FR 43941 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ...Control Number. D. Review Under the National...in the context of global climate change...amendments to the energy conservation standards...rulemaking. E. Review Under Executive...in-progress peer reviews of the energy conservation...

  9. 79 FR 8337 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Cooking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2014-02-12

    ...to the cooking efficiency of microwave ovens. DOE also published a final...energy conservation standards for microwave oven standby mode and off mode. 78...energy conservation standards for microwave ovens as part of this...

  10. 77 FR 28927 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning...DOE is also updating the current Federal test procedures or, for certain...

  11. 77 FR 2355 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning...proposing updates to the current Federal test procedures to incorporate by...

  12. The state energy conservation program

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    State Energy Conservation Program (SE-CP) is ahead of the game with respect to partnership grants. It logged experience recently with a joint EPA/DOE pilot program, where seven states worked on competitive solicitations that invited proposals for industrial waste minimization. It was very successful in getting some excellent projects started. They learned what to do, what not to do, etc. They put together a proposed rule that went right through the clearance process. Based on this model, SECP has confidence that it knows how to structure solicitations that yield the most for the money, both from the state and Federal perspectives. The structure draws in utilities and forces interaction with the state energy offices in multiple areas. It is hard to separate SECP`s base budget from that for EPAct implementation. DOE hopes that Congress supports its request to increase the budget for the states in 1994. The states have a growing role in implementing energy efficiency programs. The actual technology implementation and dissemination of public information is going to occur at the state level. The increased budget request is recognition of that growing role.

  13. Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily

    1998-01-01

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation\\u000alaws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on\\u000afibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant\\u000atransformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on\\u000aa world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in\\u000agravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational

  14. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation

    E-print Network

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    ENERGY CONSERVATION IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy... conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants...

  15. 76 FR 45606 - Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat Conservation Plan and Possible Land Use Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ...80221-1112-80221-F2] Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat...amended, for the proposed Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan (DRECP...NEPA for the proposed Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan...

  16. 76 FR 22324 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...establishing an energy conservation standard...representative of relevant points of view (including...representative of relevant points of view (including...with respect to an energy conservation standard...representative of relevant points of view (including...with respect to an energy conservation...

  17. 77 FR 32307 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ...establishing an energy conservation standard...representative of relevant points of view (including...is concerned that energy conservation standards have reached the point where higher levels...representative of relevant points of view (including...with respect to an energy conservation...

  18. Rotary actuator with energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Pauliukonis, R.S.

    1984-07-03

    An energy conserving air motor with rotary actuation includes a pair of cooperating different diameter pistons coaxially arranged and connected rigidly to one another by a central connecting member provided with spur gear section adaptable of receiving a meshing pinion assembled inside an elongated housing provided with a diffential diameter bore passing therethrough and adaptable of receiving inside a larger diameter section which is blind a larger piston while smaller diameter section which is provided with fluid supply and exhaust port means receives smaller diameter piston while said pinion entering said housing perpendicularly substantially central to the housing ends so as to rotate therein when pistons move linearly inside bore between a first normally atmospheric and a second energized positions in response to the working fluid pressure supplied via fluid supply and exhaust port means by way of a 3-way solenoid or pilot operated directional valve so as to allow energization of the small diameter piston, initially atmospheric, with an end force large enough to shift piston assembly into the second energized position at which time working fluid enters backside of the larger piston via internal pilot porting provided therebetween to exert a much larger end force than that prevailing over the small piston, automatically returning piston assembly into the first original position for an eventual exhaust of the working fluid via 3-way valve and cycle repetition saving energy.

  19. Bibliography on institutional barriers to energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. M. York; C. Blumstein; B. Krieg; L. Schipper

    1978-01-01

    The bibliography was created as part of a study on institutional barriers to energy conservation, funded by the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The bibliography was compiled to aid in the location and identification of literature on the subjects of institutional barriers and energy conservation. The bibliography includes reports on barriers related to public attitudes, lack of incentives, lack

  20. Energy-conservation for tactical robot networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason Redi; Bob Welsh

    1999-01-01

    Advancements in mechanical and sensor technologies promise a wealth of new and exciting robotic devices. However, in order for these systems to perform advanced collaborative problem solving, sophisticated communications capabilities must be available. The importance of energy-conservation for general mobile communications has been well established through practical and research experience. The need to conserve energy is particularly acute in robotic

  1. Energy Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazjanac, Vladimir

    1981-01-01

    The Aquatic Center at Corvallis (Oregon) is analyzed for energy use. Energy conservation in the building would be accomplished best through heavy insulation of exterior surfaces and the maximization of passive solar gain. (Author/MLF)

  2. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission 

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use of the Supreme Court and Attorney General buildings in Austin, Texas was analyzed using the D0E-2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for each building as specified in the building ...

  3. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    loads, is solar film on the windows. Both the proposed ASHRAE standards and the California standards appear to reduce energy use. The following Table shows EUIs for the Supreme Court and Attorney General buildings with different options. EUI...'s For The Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings (KBtu/sf-yr) ABSTRACT The energy use and peak load requirement of the Supreme Court & Attorney General Buildings in Austin, Texas were analyzed using the DOE 2.IB building energy simulation program. An analysis...

  4. Anticipation, Orbital Stability, and Energy Conservation in Discrete Harmonic Oscillators

    SciTech Connect

    Antippa, Adel F. [Departement de Physique, Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, Trois-Rivieres, Quebec, G9A 5H7 (Canada); Dubois, Daniel M. [Centre for Hyperincursion and Anticipation in Ordered Systems, CHAOS asbl, Institute of Mathematics, B37, University of Liege, Grande Traverse 12, B-4000 LIEGE 1 (Belgium)

    2004-08-19

    We make a systematic analysis of the dual incursive model of the discrete harmonic oscillator. We derive its closed form solution, and identify its natural frequency of oscillation. We study its orbital stability, and the conservation of its total energy. We finally propose a superposed model that conserves energy with absolute precision, and exhibits a high degree of orbital stability. Within the conjecture that spacetime is discrete, the above results lead to the conclusion that discretization must be accompanied by anticipation, in order to guarantee orbital stability and energy conservation.

  5. The potential effect of end-users on energy conservation in office buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seppo Junnila

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of the study is to estimate the potential of end-user effect on energy conservation in office buildings. The study quantifies the energy conservation potential and estimates the current level of energy management in four banking organisations in the Nordic countries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The multiple case study employs quantitative scenario analysis for estimating the energy conservation potential

  6. Industrial Conservation Technology Energy Savings Monitoring System 

    E-print Network

    Crowell, J. J.; Phipps, H. R., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    A system is described which monitors actual market penetration and energy savings of Department of Energy sponsored industrial conservation commercial technologies. The procedure to implement a new, technology into the Impact Scoreboard System (ISS...

  7. A Graduate Course in Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Examines the University of Michigan's (Ann Arbor) success with a six-year energy conservation program (The Energy Star Program) offered by the Environmental Protection Agency. Describes the program's components and areas of savings the university has achieved. (GR)

  8. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION

    E-print Network

    / STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the matter of they are submittedto the Office ofAdministrative Law for review. IV. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION The Energy Commission

  9. Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents 

    E-print Network

    Larson, R. J.

    1984-01-01

    Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...

  10. Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit 

    E-print Network

    Korich, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    The quickly escalating cost of energy has outpaced all other plant costs and has placed energy conservation squarely as the critical leverage for improving profitability. The transition of priority created a need at the Union Carbide Seadrift, Texas...

  11. Architect's and engineer's guide to energy conservation in existing buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-04-01

    This first volume serves as a resource for federal energy managers to assist them in understanding and undertaking energy conservation projects. This volume is a general overview or preview on energy conservation general, while the second volume deals with 118 specific energy conservation opportunities (ECOs). Chapter 1.0 is an introduction to the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), as well as overview of this two-volume guide. Chapter 2.0 presents background information on characteristics of the federal buildings sector and reviews pertinent federal legislation concerning energy conservation. Chapter 3.0 provides guidance on how to assess energy use in federal facilities. Included in Chapter 3.0 is a discussion of analysis of utility bills, screening for energy conservation opportunities, analysis of promising opportunities, and identification of supplemental metering needs. With the increasing use of computers, especially personal computers, many building simulations or models are now available to aid energy managers or architects/engineers in analyzing ECOs. Chapter 4.0 discusses the evolution of these diverse computer simulation models, the typical data input needed to use these models effectively, how to use the models, the typical data input needed to use these models effectively, how to use the models for ECO analysis, and how to interpret the model results. The last section of Chapter 4.0 discusses some of the limitations associated with using computer models in ECO analysis. 11 refs., 1 fig., 10 tabs.

  12. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  13. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  14. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  15. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  16. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  17. Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit

    E-print Network

    Korich, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    . It also provides direction to the process operators on the parameters to focus attention toward in order for them to make their contribution to energy conservation. General Energy Conservation Coordination 1. SOP review - Unit standard operating... procedures are reviewed periodically to insure that energy-efficient techniques are part of the appro priate SOPs. 2. project review - All projects to be im plemented in the unit are carefully reviewed to maximize energy efficiency in the design stage...

  18. Energy conservation strategies for sports centers: Part A. Sports halls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Trianti-Stourna; K. Spyropoulou; C. Theofylaktos; K. Droutsa; C. A. Balaras; M. Santamouris; D. N. Asimakopoulos; G. Lazaropoulou; N. Papanikolaou

    1998-01-01

    This paper summarizes the results from a number of energy audits and the analysis performed in order to improve indoor conditions and optimize energy use, in Hellenic sports halls, performed for the European Commission, in the framework of the SAVE program. The aim of this work was to investigate the technical, functional and administrative obstacles for energy conservation in sports

  19. Energy conservation strategies for sports centers: Part B. Swimming pools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Trianti-Stourna; K. Spyropoulou; C. Theofylaktos; K. Droutsa; C. A. Balaras; M. Santamouris; D. N. Asimakopoulos; G. Lazaropoulou; N. Papanikolaou

    1998-01-01

    This paper summarizes the results from a number of energy audits and the analysis performed in order to improve indoor conditions and optimize energy use, in Hellenic indoor swimming pools, performed for the European Commission, in the framework of the SAVE program. The aim of this work was to investigate the technical, functional and administrative obstacles for energy conservation in

  20. Energy-conservation study for the US Air Force Academy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Peterson; L. B. Davis

    1983-01-01

    The United States Air Force Academy (AFA) has asked the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist them in conducting detailed energy and solar analyses of selected AFA buildings using the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. The results of the energy conservation study conducted by Los Alamos in FY 1981 and 1982 for Building 2360 (Vandenberg Hall), Building 2169 (Field

  1. Mixed strategies for energy conservation and alternate energy utilization in buildings. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1977-01-01

    The mixed strategy analysis was a tradeoff analysis between energy conservation methods and solar energy systems considering technical and economic benefits. The objective of the analysis was to develop guidelines for: reducing energy requirements; reducing conventional fuel use; and identifying economic alternatives for building owners. The analysis was done with a solar system in place. This makes the study unique

  2. Conservation as an alternative energy source

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, D. E.

    1978-01-01

    A speech is given outlining the energy situation in the United States. It is warned that the existing energy situation cannot prevail and the time is fast running out for continued growth or even maintenance of present levels. Energy conservation measures are given as an aid to decrease U.S. energy consumption, which would allow more time to develop alternative sources of energy.

  3. Gaming for energy conservation in households

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. V. Geelen; J. C. Brezet; D. V. Keyson; S. U. Boess

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a study about a ‘serious game’, “Energy Battle”, as a means to influence energy-related behavior in households. The Energy Battle is designed to engage home occupants in a fun way in energy conservation via a competition with other households. The challenge enabled home occupants to gain insight in their energy consumption and actively involved them in reducing

  4. 77 FR 13026 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ...Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...conservation standards for automatic commercial ice makers; the analytical framework, models...preliminary TSD) for automatic commercial ice makers. The comment period is...

  5. Education and Training Promote Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Steele, N. W.

    1980-01-01

    reduced developed processes that take low-value or the amount of energy to produce a pound waste materials such as tree stumps, cotton of product by 31% compared to the 1972 linters, citrus peels and oil refinery gases, base year. Savings... has funded and implemented hundreds of energy conservation projects ranging from individual funding levels of several thousand to millions of dollars. Examples of some of our energy conservation projects are: utilization of waste by...

  6. Conservation of energy and Gauss Bonnet gravity

    E-print Network

    Christophe Real

    2007-11-07

    It is shown how can be made the classification of all tensors constructed from the Riemann tensor that verify the conservation of gravitational energy momentum. More precisely we explain that there exists a unique tensor of degree n in the Riemann tensor and its contractions that verifies the conservation of energy. We show that this tensor, only because it obeys this degree n structure as well as energy conservation, two facts which are true in all dimensions, verifies in dimension 2n this striking particularity of being Euler gravity. We stick here to the case n=2 but explain briefly why the general case is similar.

  7. Electric load management and energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kheir, N. A.

    1976-01-01

    Electric load management and energy conservation relate heavily to the major problems facing power industry at present. The three basic modes of energy conservation are identified as demand reduction, increased efficiency and substitution for scarce fuels. Direct and indirect load management objectives are to reduce peak loads and have future growth in electricity requirements in such a manner to cause more of it to fall off the system's peak. In this paper, an overview of proposed and implemented load management options is presented. Research opportunities exist for the evaluation of socio-economic impacts of energy conservation and load management schemes specially on the electric power industry itself.

  8. Energy demand and conservation in Kenya: initial appraisal

    SciTech Connect

    Schipper, L.

    1980-03-01

    Ongoing research into the use and conservation of energy in Kenya is reported briefly. A partial accounting of energy use in Kenya is presented, and evidence that some energy conservation has been taking place is discussed. A fuller accounting for all commercial energy flows is both possible and desirable. The work presented should serve as a basis for further data collection and analysis in Kenya, and can be used as a model for similar efforts in other countries. The author intends to continue much of this energy accounting in Kenya in the latter half of 1980.

  9. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  10. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  11. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  12. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  13. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  14. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b) With...

  15. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2007-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b) With...

  16. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b) With...

  17. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b) With...

  18. Energy Conservation in The Bell System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. C. Draper

    1978-01-01

    In December 1973, the Bell System launched a comprehensive energy conservation program which includes immediate, intermediate, and long range steps. A computerized data base system was developed to permit monthly input of energy consumption, costs, and correlating factors, and to provide rapid determination of energy performance. Immediate steps, primarily in building and motor vehicle operations, resulted in approximately 10% energy

  19. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. C. Draper

    1978-01-01

    In December 1973, the Bell System launched a comprehensive energy conservation program which includes immediate, intermediate, and long range steps. A computerized data base system was developed to permit monthly input of energy consumption, costs, and correlating factors, and to provide rapid determination of energy performance. Immediate steps, primarily in building and motor vehicle operations, resulted in approximately 10% energy

  20. The Brookhaven buildings energy conservation optimization model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. C. Carhart; S. S. Mulherkar; Y. Sanborn

    1978-01-01

    The Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model is a linear programming representation of energy use in buildings. Starting with engineering and economic data on cost and performance of energy technologies used in buildings, including both conversion devices (such as heat pumps) and structural improvements, the model constructs alternative flows for energy through the technologies to meet demands for space heating,

  1. Transportation Energy Use and Conservation Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirst, Eric

    1973-01-01

    Analyzes transportation energy consumption and energy intensiveness for inter-city freight and passenger traffic and urban passenger traffic with the definition of energy intensiveness as Btu per ton-mile or per passenger-mile. Indicates that public education is one of three ways to achieve the goals of energy conservation. (CC)

  2. Applying LCA and fuzzy AHP to evaluate building energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guozhong Zheng; Youyin Jing; Hongxia Huang; Yuefen Gao

    2011-01-01

    Reducing energy consumption and environment pollution is an important part in energy sustainability. Building energy conservation evaluation will drive the application of the new energy conservation technology. For building an energy conservation evaluation, energy conservation and environment impacts in all stages of the life cycle should be assessed. In this paper, the fuzzy analytic hierarchical process method and life-cycle assessment

  3. Energy Conservation in the Bell System 

    E-print Network

    Draper, W. C.

    1983-01-01

    The Bell System provides numerous examples of ways in which demand for energy may be reduced, resulting in conservation of resources and preservation of the environment. The System's telecommunications network links nearly 185 million telephones...

  4. Energy Conservation--Hero or Villian?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keith, William J. B.

    1985-01-01

    Energy conservation efforts have often hermetically sealed buildings without concern for air quality. The Waterloo County Board of Education, Ontario, has installed indicators to test air quality and has installed a "clean room" for children with allergies. (MLF)

  5. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    E-print Network

    Williamson, J. W.

    1982-01-01

    The Bell System provides numerous examples of ways in which demand for energy may be reduced, resulting in conservation of resources and preservation of the environment. The System's telecommunications network links nearly 185 million telephones...

  6. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    E-print Network

    Draper, W. C.

    1983-01-01

    The Bell System provides numerous examples of ways in which demand for energy may be reduced, resulting in conservation of resources and preservation of the environment. The System's telecommunications network links nearly 185 million telephones...

  7. Conserve Energy by Optimizing Air Compressor System 

    E-print Network

    Williams, V. A.

    1985-01-01

    There are many opportunities to conserve energy within an Industrial Plant without adversely impacting the operation or production. Many of these represent only relatively small savings, when compared to the overall utility bill; however, one major...

  8. Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes

    E-print Network

    Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

    1980-01-01

    This paper summarizes the results of a survey of energy conservation options applicable to distillation processes. Over twenty such options were identified, and eight of these were selected for detailed presentation. These options were chosen...

  9. Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems

    E-print Network

    Solt, J. C.

    1979-01-01

    ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION SYSTEMS J. C. Solt Solar Turbines International An Operating Group of International Group San Diego, California ABSTRACT This paper traces the development of cogeneration systems...

  10. Energy Conservation for Boiler Water Systems

    E-print Network

    Beardsley, M. L.

    1981-01-01

    such as boiler blowdown heat recovery, economizers, air preheaters, and boiler blowdown control. The chemical aspects discussed for energy conservation include fuel additives, boiler internal treatment, and condensate treatments. The emphasis in this paper...

  11. Energy Conservation Through Education and Training 

    E-print Network

    Sorotzkin, J.

    1981-01-01

    A successful energy conservation program at a large industrial complex depends on the participation and active contribution of the entire staff. In order to achieve this goal it is essential for people to have an overall understanding and insight...

  12. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society 

    E-print Network

    Faulkner, C. R.

    1979-01-01

    membership, recent meeting topics, and examples of some benefits to society members are also presented. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society was the outcome of informal meetings between Amoco, Union Carbide, and Monsanto back in 1973 and has grown...

  13. A Teacher's Introduction to Energy and Energy Conservation: Secondary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH. Center for Improved Education.

    This document is intended to give the secondary school teacher background information and general suggestions for teaching units and correlated learning activities related to energy and energy conservation. Sections are directed to: A Problem Shared by All, Causes, What is Energy?, Energy Sources, Searching for Solutions, Conservation: An Ethic…

  14. A Teacher's Introduction to Energy and Energy Conservation: Elementary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH. Center for Improved Education.

    This document is intended to give the elementary school teacher background information and general suggestions for teaching units and correlated learning activities related to energy and energy conservation. Sections are directed to: A Problem Shared by All, Causes, What is Energy?, Energy Sources, Searching for Solutions, Conservation: An Ethic…

  15. Energy Conservation in the Bell System 

    E-print Network

    Williamson, J. W.

    1982-01-01

    by the Bell System in 1981 Metal Weight Copper 257 .6 mil 1i on 1bs ? Lead 55.8 million lbs. Gold 265.1 thousand Troy Oz. Silver 149.5, thousand Troy Oz. Platinum 12.7 thousand Troy Oz. Pall adi urn 190. 9 thousand Troy Oz. Methods recently developed... is the quantity of energy contained in a 42 gallon barrel of crude oil (5.8 million BTUs). The AT&T Energy r1anagement Organization pro vi des Energy Coordi nators with energy conserv,ation suggesti ons and i dentification of energy siavi ng technological...

  16. 77 FR 8525 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Standby Mode and Off Mode for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ...by incorporating a zero-standby cooking...baseline standby energy use incorporate...likely will implement zero-standby cooking...mode and off mode energy conservation standards...be associated with zero energy consumption....

  17. 77 FR 59719 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ...rule establishing an energy conservation standard...representative of relevant points of view (including representatives...determined by the Secretary of Energy (Secretary), that...this to include only energy consumed at the point of use and in the...

  18. 77 FR 59712 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Dishwashers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ...rule establishing an energy conservation standard...representative of relevant points of view (including representatives...determined by the Secretary of Energy (Secretary), that...this to include only energy consumed at the point of use and in the...

  19. Energy Conserving Lifestyles: Final Report to the California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Seymour I.

    This report examines the broad topic of energy use and its relationship to lifestyles. The emphasis is on three energy conserving lifestyle models: (1) the rural alternative lifestyle; (2) new towns; and (3) energy conserving subdivisions in existing cities. The first chapter presents an introduction. Chapter two examines the back-to-the-land…

  20. Energy conservation and the residential and commercial sector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A detailed analysis of energy conservation actions relevant to the residential and commercial sector has led to the conclusion that the potential for savings is great. The task will not be easy, however, since many of the actions require significant life style changes that are difficult to accomplish. Furthermore, many of the conservation actions cited as instant solutions to the energy crisis are those with only mid to long term potential, such as solar energy or heat pumps. Three significant conservation approaches are viable: adjusting price structure, mandating actions, and educating consumers. The first two appear to be the most feasible. But they are not without a price. Higher utility bills adversely affect the poor and the elderly on fixed incomes. Likewise, strict mandatory measures can be quite distasteful. But the effect of alternatives, such as voluntary savings accomplished through education processes, is minimal in a nation without a true conservation ethic.

  1. Energy conservation measures in building: a survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P Steadman

    1974-01-01

    A wide range of possible measures for the conservation of energy in buildings are reviewed. The survey is made in the context of the American situation and covers energy use in space heating and cooling, water heating, lighting, and domestic and other appliances. Topics discussed include 'total energy' systems, insulation, heat losses through ventilation, solar heat gain, heat of lights,

  2. US industrial sector energy conservation savings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. L. Wilfert; J. M. Roop

    1986-01-01

    Since the early 1970s, US industry, and the manufacturing sector in particular, has emerged as a leading practitioner of ways to conserve energy. Objective of this paper is to first sort out the compositional shifts from energy efficiency improvements using a simple regression model. After the efficiency improvements of the recent reductions in industrial energy use are identified, the various

  3. (Energy conservation in buildings and community systems)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1990-01-01

    The International Energy Agency, Energy Conservation in Building and Community Systems, with cooperation from the Solar Research and Development and the Commission of the European Communities has been developing plans for new areas of investigation that affect various energy, environmental, economic, and technical trends on buildings of the next 40 years. Creating a sustainable society must be accomplished in the

  4. Energy conservation in Kenya: progress, potentials, problems

    SciTech Connect

    Schipper, L.; Hollander, J.M.; Milukas, M.; Alcamo, J.; Meyers, S.; Noll, S.

    1981-09-01

    A study was carried out of the flows of commercial energy in the economy of Kenya. Indications were sought of the extent to which energy conservation, (i.e., increase in efficiency of energy use) has reduced the ratio of energy inputs to economic outputs, in the post-1973 years. An assessment was made of the potential for energy conservation to reduce the growth of Kenyan energy use in the future and of significant barriers to increasing energy efficiency. Consideration was given to the role of government policy and of international assistance in fostering energy conservation in Kenya and other developing countries. The study was performed by analyzing available energy data and statistics from the largest oil companies, the Kenyan electric utility, and the government. These sources were supplemented by conducting personal interviews with personnel of nearly 50 commercial firms in Kenya. Direct consumption of fuel accounts for 94% of the commercial energy use in Kenya, while electricity accounts for 6%. The sectoral division of fuel use is: transportation 53%, industry 21%, energy production 11%, agriculture 9%, buildings and residences 5%, and construction 1%. For electricity the division is: buildings and residences 48%, industry 45%, energy production 4%, agriculture 2%, and construction 1%. Recent progress in conservation is reported.

  5. Living Lightly: Energy Conservation in Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Tom

    This publication contains a series of papers which promote the concepts of energy conservation and offer safe and convenient ways of handling all aspects of our lives affected by energy without having to depend in any way on fossil fuels or nuclear power. These changes, which can be brought about in homes and in energy flows affected by the…

  6. Factors that influence energy conservation alterations in Oregon households

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johnson-Carroll

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the relative contribution of factors that may influence residential energy conservation behavior. The theoretical framework for the study was Niemeyer's (1982) model of energy adjustment. Niemeyer's model was expanded to include actual energy conservation alteration actions performed. Energy conservation alteration actions were divided into two conceptually different types of conservation alterations: energy

  7. Energy Conservation Within the Paper Machine Room 

    E-print Network

    Walker, P. J.; Erskine, K. J.

    1979-01-01

    important points. 1. The first law of thermodynamics, the law of conservation of energy states one form of energy may be converted into another - this law facilitates carrying out an energy audit or balance. 2. The second law of thermodynamics states...ENERGY CONSERVATION WITHIN THE PAPER MACHINE ROOM P. J. Walker General Sales Manager Ross Air Systems Division Midland-Ross Corporation 304 st. Patrick Street LaSalle, Quebec, Canada H8N 2Hl K. J. Erskine Southern Regional Manager Ross Air...

  8. Energy conservation and solar energy - Partners in progress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. B. McCarley

    1979-01-01

    Energy conservation and energy use education programs undertaken by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) are discussed. These include a home insulation program, a commercial and industrial energy audit program designed to help detect areas in which conservation measures can be applied, a program intended to encourage use of electric heat pump units, and a project in which the TVA works

  9. Net zero building energy conservation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadam, Rohit

    This research deals with energy studies performed as part of a net-zero energy study for buildings. Measured data of actual energy utilization by a building for a continuous period of 33 months was collected and studied. The peak design day on which the building consumes maximum energy was found. The averages of the energy consumption for the peak month were determined. The DOE EnergyPlus software was used to simulate the energy requirements for the building and also obtain peak energy requirements for the peak month. Alternative energy sources such as ground source heat pump, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and day-lighting modifications were applied to redesign the energy consumption for the building towards meeting net-zero energy requirements. The present energy use by the building, DOE Energy software simulations for the building as well as the net-zero model for the building were studied. The extents of the contributions of the individual energy harvesting measures were studied. For meeting Net Zero Energy requirement, it was found that the total energy load for the building can be distributed between alternative energy methods as 5.4% to daylighting modifications, 58% to geothermal and 36.6% to solar photovoltaic panels for electricity supply and thermal energy. Thus the directions to proceed towards achieving complete net-zero energy status were identified.

  10. Social Norms and Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Allcott, Hunt

    This paper evaluates a pilot program run by a company called OPOWER, previously known as Positive Energy, to mail home energy reports to residential utility consumers. The reports compare a household’s energy use to that ...

  11. Energy conservation from regenerative incineration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pennington

    1982-01-01

    The oil embargo in the winter of 1973 covered the nation with a serious energy crisis. Although the ''gas lines'' have subsided, sky-rocketing fuel costs and diminishing energy supplies linger on. Projected U.S. energy demands indicate normal energy requirements over a normal growth rate. However, when compared with the projected U.S. energy supplies, a very significant energy deficit may exist

  12. Industrial energy conservation technologies and research opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    De Renzo, D.J. (ed.)

    1983-01-01

    This book assesses and evaluates energy technologies currently available for application to industrial energy conservation. Also considered are research needs for developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. Part I assesses and evaluates information on the newer energy technologies offered commercially. The primary objective of this evaluation was to identify technologies that had potential for saving energy in applications in industry. Once these technologies were identified, concise summaries on potential energy savings, economics, basic operational considerations and potential applications were prepared. Part II is a study of research opportunities important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. It describes a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major energy end-use sectors. Part III provides a review and synthesis of several significant studies that were conducted to assess R and D needs and opportunities for advanced energy conservation systems.

  13. Weber-like interactions and energy conservation

    E-print Network

    F. Bunchaft; S. Carneiro

    1997-08-20

    Velocity dependent forces varying as $k(\\hat{r}/r)(1 - \\mu \\dot{r}^2 + \\gamma r \\ddot{r})$ (such as Weber force), here called Weber-like forces, are examined from the point of view of energy conservation and it is proved that they are conservative if and only if $\\gamma=2\\mu$. As a consequence, it is shown that gravitational theories employing Weber-like forces cannot be conservative and also yield both the precession of the perihelion of Mercury as well as the gravitational deflection of light.

  14. Energy-momentum conservation and Lipkin's zilch

    E-print Network

    H. Lashkari-Ghouchani; M. H. Alizadeh

    2014-08-13

    As Noether's theorem states any differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. Lipkin introduced the conservation laws of zilches. But the corresponding symmetries are yet to be determined. Here we find a method to determine those symmetries and by direct calculations express the zilch tensor's relation to current-density for $n$-dimensional Minkowski space-time. Also, we extend this method to calculate symmetries of conservation of energy-momentum. Finally we show that in the special case of n=4, our general equation governing optical chirality reduces to the continuity equation of optical chirality density and optical chirality flow.

  15. Conservation and Renewable Energy Program: Bibliography, 1988 edition

    SciTech Connect

    Vaughan, K.H. (comp.)

    1988-04-01

    The 831 references covering the period 1980 through Feb. 1988, are arranged under the following: analysis and evaluation, building equipment, building thermal envelope systems and materials, community systems and cogeneration, residential conservation service, retrofit, advanced heat engine ceramics, alternative fuels, microemulsion fuels, industrial chemical heat pumps, materials for waste heat utilization, energy conversion and utilization materials, tribology, emergency energy conservation,inventions, electric energy systems, thermal storage, biofuels production, biotechnology, solar technology, geothermal, and continuous chromatography in multicomponent separations. An author index is included.

  16. Barriers to household investment in residential energy conservation: preliminary assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, W.L.

    1982-12-01

    A general assessment of the range of barriers which impede household investments in weatherization and other energy efficiency improvements for their homes is provided. The relationship of similar factors to households' interest in receiving a free energy audits examined. Rates of return that underly household investments in major conservation improvements are assessed. A special analysis of household knowledge of economically attractive investments is provided that compares high payback improvements specified by the energy audit with the list of needed or desirable conservation improvements identified by respondents. (LEW)

  17. Energy Conservation Program Guide for Industry and Commerce (EPIC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Massey

    1975-01-01

    The first supplement to the National Bureau of Standards Handbook 115 ''Energy Conservation Program for Industry and Commerce (EPIC),'' provides more ideas and suggestions to aid in energy conservation efforts by industrial companies, educational systems, hospitals, and government agencies. The supplement includes a revised explanation of how to implement an energy conservation program, an expanded checklist of energy conservation opportunities,

  18. Energy efficiency and conservation study for a medium scale industry in Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hasimah Abdul Rahman; Shah Majid; Lee Wan Zheri; Che Azemi Che Aziz

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the methodology and opportunity in implementing energy conservation and efficiency in a medium scale industry. A user-friendly package was developed to assist the energy auditor in analyzing the data collected to determine the potential of energy efficiency and conservation. The software covers the analysis on motor, transformer, lighting, cable sizing, air-conditioning and power factor improvement. The analysis

  19. Systematic energy conservation management guide. Volume 8. Conserving energy through recycling, recuperation, and cogeneration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ricupero

    1978-01-01

    Conservation of energy through recycling, recuperation, and cogeneration is presented with emphasis on industrial applications. Following the introductory chapter, Section 2 explains terminology and nomenclature. Cogeneration is discussed in Section 3. The material includes historical perspective, technical descriptions, and discussion of key issues relevant to industrial applications. Recycling, a more general topic of energy conservation than either cogeneration or heat

  20. Hospital ventilation standards and energy conservation: a review of governmental and private agency energy conservation initiatives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. S. Banks; D. Rainer

    1980-01-01

    Results are presented of a study of hospital energy conservation initiatives undertaken at the federal and state levels and by private sector agencies. This study was originally directed toward governmental activities involved with changes to hospital environmental standards. However, it early became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting these standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of

  1. Potential for energy conservation in apartment buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. A Balaras; K Droutsa; A. A Argiriou; D. N Asimakopoulos

    2000-01-01

    The potential for energy conservation in apartment buildings is investigated following the epiqr methodology and software. Several scenarios are evaluated for various apartment buildings located in three climatic zones of Hellas. The proposed retrofit actions concentrate on space heating and cooling, domestic hot water production and lighting. Energy savings for the corresponding actions in each building are accounted for in

  2. Dissipative or conservative cosmology with dark energy?

    SciTech Connect

    Szydlowski, Marek [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Orla 171, 30-244 Krakow (Poland); Marc Kac Complex Systems Research Center, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)], E-mail: uoszydlo@cyf-kr.edu.pl; Hrycyna, Orest [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland)], E-mail: hrycyna@kul.lublin.pl

    2007-12-15

    All evolutional paths for all admissible initial conditions of FRW cosmological models with dissipative dust fluid (described by dark matter, baryonic matter and dark energy) are analyzed using dynamical system approach. With that approach, one is able to see how generic the class of solutions leading to the desired property-acceleration-is. The theory of dynamical systems also offers a possibility of investigating all possible solutions and their stability with tools of Newtonian mechanics of a particle moving in a one-dimensional potential which is parameterized by the cosmological scale factor. We demonstrate that flat cosmology with bulk viscosity can be treated as a conservative system with a potential function of the Chaplygin gas type. We characterize the class of dark energy models that admit late time de Sitter attractor solution in terms of the potential function of corresponding conservative system. We argue that inclusion of dissipation effects makes the model more realistic because of its structural stability. We also confront viscous models with SNIa observations. The best fitted models are obtained by minimizing the {chi}{sup 2} function which is illustrated by residuals and {chi}{sup 2} levels in the space of model independent parameters. The general conclusion is that SNIa data supports the viscous model without the cosmological constant. The obtained values of {chi}{sup 2} statistic are comparable for both the viscous model and {lambda}CDM model. The Bayesian information criteria are used to compare the models with different power-law parameterization of viscous effects. Our result of this analysis shows that SNIa data supports viscous cosmology more than the {lambda}CDM model if the coefficient in viscosity parameterization is fixed. The Bayes factor is also used to obtain the posterior probability of the model.

  3. Energy conservation in large buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. Rosenfeld; D. Hafemeister

    1985-01-01

    As energy prices rise, newly energy aware designers use better tools and technology to create energy efficient buildings. Thus the U.S. office stock (average age 20 years) uses 250 kBTU\\/ft2 of resource energy, but the guzzler of 1972 uses 500 (up×2), and the 1986 ASHRAE standards call for 100-125 (less than 25% of their 1972 ancestors). Surprisingly, the first real

  4. The construction of discretely conservative finite volume schemes that also globally conserve energy or entropy

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    for the dissipation of energy by the shock waves. These results are extended to systems of conservation laws that if the conservation law has an accompanying energy estimate, it should be possible to construct discrete schemes whichThe construction of discretely conservative finite volume schemes that also globally conserve

  5. Energy conservation in distillation: a technology applications manual

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-05-01

    Distillation is the most widely practiced technique for separating mixtures of chemical species, but it is an energy intensive process. A 10% reduction in distillation energy consumption would effect a significant savings. On a national basis this would be an annual savings of 200 trillion Btu, or the equivalent of 36.5 million barrels of oil per year. Technology to achieve these savings in distillation energy is available and measures are presented to assist process engineers in technical and economic analysis of the energy conservation measures most suitable for particular distillation applications. The manual catalogs all of the energy conservation options applicable to distillation and the options by the investment required; describes in detail the options having a significant potential to reduce distillation energy requirements economically; provides guidelines that will allow the plant engineer to quickly screen each option for his application; and provides short-cut calculation procedures for use in a preliminary economic analysis of promising options.

  6. Social-psychological correlates of household energy-conservation activities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1987-01-01

    Energy-conservation programs have been concentrated in the residential sector. An understanding of the variables that affect household energy conservation can lead to more-effective consumer energy policies. In this study, four categories of variables relevant to household conservation were examined - demographics, household structure, conservation experience and attitudes, and conservation-policy preferences. A distinction was made between two types of conservation activities

  7. Energy conservation through sealing technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stair, W. K.; Ludwig, L. P.

    1978-01-01

    Improvements in fluid film sealing resulting from a proposed research program could lead to an annual energy saving, on a national basis, equivalent to about 37 million bbl of oil or 0.3% of the total U.S. energy consumption. Further, the application of known sealing technology can result in an annual saving of an additional 10 million bbl of oil. The energy saving would be accomplished by reduction in process heat energy loss, reduction of frictional energy generated, and minimization of energy required to operate ancillary equipment associated with the seal system. In addition to energy saving, cost effectiveness is further enhanced by reduction in maintenance and in minimization of equipment for collecting leakage and for meeting environmental pollution standards.

  8. 76 FR 37549 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ...agency must periodically review its already established energy conservation standards...requirement, the next review that DOE would need...NPCC), California Energy Commission (CEC...Commercial Systems, Goodman Global Inc., Lennox...

  9. 76 FR 71835 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ...and Regulatory Review,'' because the energy savings for both...Control Number. D. Review Under the National...the context of global climate change...amendments to the energy conservation standards...regulations.gov. E. Review Under...

  10. Conservation of Energy 4-1 What is energy?

    E-print Network

    Glashausser, Charles

    laws of physics, the conservation of energy. There is a fact, or if you wish, a law, governing all as we know. The law is called the conservation of energy. It states that there is a certain quantity, she counts the blocks very carefully, and discovers a phenomenal law-- no matter what he does

  11. Motivating People to Conserve Energy--Energy Conservation Education 

    E-print Network

    Cobb, D. L.; Jackson F.M.

    1979-01-01

    programs: pamplets, periodicals, posters, newsletters and memos, films, videotapes, I slideshows , and seminars. I 691 ESL-IE-79-04-81 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 Some of the survey...

  12. Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

    1982-11-01

    This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

  13. Transportation energy conservation data book

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Loebl; D. J. Bjornstad; D. F. Burch; E. B. Howard; J. F. Hull; D. G. Madewell; N. S. Malthouse; M. C. Ogle

    2011-01-01

    Statistics which characterize the major transportation modes are assembled and displayed, and data on other factors which influence the transportation sector in the nation are presented. Statistical data on energy use in the transportation sector are presented in the form of tables, graphs, and charts. The following topics are covered in six chapters: Characteristics of Transportation Modes; Energy Characteristics, including

  14. Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

    1981-12-01

    This document is a study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major end-use sectors. The study develops and applies a systematic approach to identifying and screening applied energy conservation research opportunities. To broadly cover the energy end-use sectors, this study develops useful information relating to the areas where federally-funded applied research will most likely play an important role in promoting energy conservation. This study is not designed to produce a detailed agenda of specific recommended research activities. The general information presented allows uniform comparisons of disparate research areas and as such provides the basis for formulating a cost-effective, comprehensive federal-applied energy conservation research strategy. Chapter 2 discusses the various methodologies that have been used in the past to identify research opportunities and details the approach used here. In Chapters 3, 4, and 5 the methodology is applied to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors and the opportunities for applied research in these sectors are discussed.Chapter 6 synthesizes the results of the previous three chapters to give a comprehensive picture of applied energy conservation research opportunities across all end-use sectors and presents the conclusions to the report.

  15. Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Conservation Investments 

    E-print Network

    Reid, M. W.

    1984-01-01

    15-18, 1984 projects that will become cost effective if energy prices increase more rapidly than expected? Firms that do not organize potential projects into an inventory are likely to "muddle through" the conservation investment process... Energy the analytic tools that would help them Engineering Congress [2J. prove these points. 623 ESL-IE-84-04-107 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume II, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 Repeatedly, we found...

  16. What's the status of petrochemical energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Sauer, H.J.

    1982-07-01

    Results of a new Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA) survey of energy conservation progress show that in 1981 U.S. chemical companies on the average reduced energy use per unit of output by 24.2 percent compared with 1972. This is 2.1 percentage points higher than the CMA survey results for 1980. Two years ago, CMA members adopted a voluntary goal of 30 percent energy efficiency improvement by 1985.

  17. Labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Three papers are presented discussing the labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures, namely: Generation of the Industry/Occupation Wage Matrix and Related Matters, by Carole Green; Job Shifts from Energy Conservation (Salary Distribution Effects), by Robert A. Herendeen; and Energy and Labor Implication of Improving Thermal Integrity of New Houses, by John Joseph Nangle. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper.

  18. Electrical Energy Conservation and Load Management - An Industrial User's Viewpoint 

    E-print Network

    Jackson, C. E.

    1984-01-01

    Conservation of electrical energy and load management can reduce industry's electric bills, conserves natural resources and reduces the need for new generating plants. In recent years, industry has implemented extensive conservation programs. Some...

  19. Electrical Energy Conservation and Load Management - An Industrial User's Viewpoint

    E-print Network

    Jackson, C. E.

    1984-01-01

    Conservation of electrical energy and load management can reduce industry's electric bills, conserves natural resources and reduces the need for new generating plants. In recent years, industry has implemented extensive conservation programs. Some...

  20. Energy Conservation Equations of Motion

    E-print Network

    Vinokurov, Nikolay A

    2015-01-01

    A conventional derivation of motion equations in mechanics and field equations in field theory is based on the principle of least action with a proper Lagrangian. With a time-independent Lagrangian, a function of coordinates and velocities that is called energy is constant. This paper presents an alternative approach, namely derivation of a general form of equations of motion that keep the system energy, expressed as a function of generalized coordinates and corresponding velocities, constant. These are Lagrange equations with addition of gyroscopic forces. The important fact, that the energy is defined as the function on the tangent bundle of configuration manifold, is used explicitly for the derivation. The Lagrangian is derived from a known energy function. A development of generalized Hamilton and Lagrange equations without the use of variational principles is proposed. The use of new technique is applied to derivation of some equations.

  1. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production

    E-print Network

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

  2. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production 

    E-print Network

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

  3. Energy-environmental impacts of five energy conservation measures in the Middle Atlantic and Pacific states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. D. Moskowitz; E. Edelson; T. Q. Le; W. A. Sevian; J. E. Smith; A. Struth

    1979-01-01

    Estimates of some energy and environmental impacts for five different energy-conservation measures (district heating, industrial cogeneration, retrofit, rate reform, and vehicle redesign) were prepared for two different regions (Middle Atlantic and Pacific) and two different time periods (1985 and 2000) based upon data presented in regional reference energy systems developed at BNL. Results of the analysis indicate that regional energy

  4. Energy conservation impacts on environmental laboratories

    SciTech Connect

    Lumpkin, R.M. [Hankins and Anderson, Inc., Richmond, VA (United States)

    1997-05-01

    Environmental laboratories have the most energy intensive environmental systems of any facility requiring heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. These laboratories serve a wide variety of situations, including petrochemical and food processing industries, biological research facilities, and quality assurance (QA) testing. This article describes a QA laboratory that serves a number of wastewater treatment plants in the Tidewater region of Virginia. The primary reason and source of the energy requirements is the large quantity of outside air required for exhaust hood makeup air. The makeup air for the hood exhaust needs to be conditioned and filtered to provide clean and environmentally stable operating conditions for performing chemical analyses, which are, in many instances, temperature and/or moisture sensitive. These parameters provide the maximum challenge for an environmental system design that is to be energy conserving and energy efficient with respect to laboratory facility environmental control. How this is accomplished and what issues must be addressed to achieve energy conservation will be covered.

  5. Analysis of United States' Utility Conservation Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franz Wirl; Wolfgang Orasch

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews the United States' experience with utility sponsored energy conservation programs. Such programs are central to the recent discussions about electric utility regulation in the United States and elsewhere. First it is shown that these programs are exposed to three problems on the consumers' side – rebound, adverse selection and moral hazard – which lower the effectiveness of

  6. Energy conservation: electricity and fuels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaminski

    1981-01-01

    A bibliography of approximately 550 citations on timely metallurgical topics is presented. Subjects covered include: trends in the efficient utilization of electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, coke, coal and other types of primary energy; case histories; conversion from radiant to direct fired furnaces; regenerative and recuperative heat recovery, control of current efficiency in electrolysis, substitution of fuel; innovative charge mixtures,

  7. Energy conservation in large buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenfeld, A.; Hafemeister, D.

    1985-11-01

    As energy prices rise, newly energy aware designers use better tools and technology to create energy efficient buildings. Thus the U.S. office stock (average age 20 years) uses 250 kBTU/ft2 of resource energy, but the guzzler of 1972 uses 500 (up×2), and the 1986 ASHRAE standards call for 100-125 (less than 25% of their 1972 ancestors). Surprisingly, the first real cost of these efficient buildings has not risen since 1972. Scaling laws are used to calculate heat gains and losses of buildings to obtain the ?T(free) which can be as large as 15-30 °C (30-60 °F) for large buildings. The net thermal demand and thermal time constants are determined for the Swedish Thermodeck buildings which need essentially no heat in the winter and no chillers in summer. The BECA and other data bases for large buildings are discussed. Off-peak cooling for large buildings is analyzed in terms of saving peak-electrical power. By downsizing chillers and using cheaper, off-peak power, cost-effective thermal storage in new commercial buildings can reduce U.S. peak power demands by 10-20 GW in 15 years. A further potential of about 40 GW is available from adopting partial thermal storage and more efficient air conditioners in existing buildings.

  8. Energy conservation in small enterprises

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Markis; J. A. Paravantis

    2007-01-01

    Compared to other non-residential buildings that have been widely researched, industrial buildings have higher thermal loads, higher air-change rates, longer operating hours and greater pollution control requirements. This paper presents the results of preliminary audits carried out on a sample of 12 representative small business enterprises in Greece including food, marble, wood, paper, plastic, metallurgical and service companies. Energy intensity

  9. Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting 

    E-print Network

    Meharg, E.

    1979-01-01

    are changed. LI FECOST - $+ I 2000 l ' I i f lUfo1lNAIRES CLEANED ONLY I _, / WHEN LAMP IS CHANGED 1500 t 20% SAVINGS [ o---J-o-- ! Iii LIFECOST i --0--~ 1000 lUMINAIRES CLEANEDt L ! ONCE A YEAR liOTE: ENERGY SAVINGS IS 351:. 500 t I AREA: 900...

  10. Energy Conservation Guidebook : to be Used in Conjunction with the Energy Conservation Policies October 1993.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-11-01

    This guidebook is an instrument for implementing BPA`s Energy Conservation Policies established through the concensus of the four Area Office Managers and the Assistant Administrator for the Office of Energy Resources. As technical support for, and elaboration of, the Energy Conservation Policies, the Guidebook follows the format of the Policies themselves. The Guidebook tackles each section of the Policies in order, again assigning roles and responsibilities where appropriate, enlarging on policy issues and, where appropriate, outlining data considerations. The sections in order are: conservation load reduction, cost-effectiveness limits, BA management targets, consumer contributions, utility contribution, program verification, and program evaluation.

  11. Energy Management and the Conservation Investment Decision

    E-print Network

    DeLozier, T. C.

    1983-01-01

    This paper will describe briefly the model and method used to determine the value of the differential cash flow from an Energy Conservation Investment (E.C.I.). The key ingredients are the net effect on cash flow over the useful life...

  12. Energy Conservation Provide prompts / signage for employees

    E-print Network

    Florida, University of

    Energy Conservation Provide prompts / signage for employees to remember to turn off lights equipment. Utilize some type of green power, such as solar. Office Products Buy recycled when ordering necessary. Buy items that can be recycled at the end of their life. Reduce-Reuse-Recycle Post signs near

  13. Recent Trend of Energy Conservation Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroyuki Kudo

    2006-01-01

    In order to cope with the global warming, importance of energy conservation technologies becomes large and large. This paper shows outline of the recent technology trends and future R&D strategies of national projects in Japan. The basic concept and some important R&D topics of the technology strategies, which will be determined by this September are summarized. They are Super combustion

  14. Energy conserving heating and air conditioning system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1980-01-01

    An energy conserving system is disclosed for heating and air conditioning multi-zone structures such as multi-story office buildings. A conventional heating and air conditioning system for a multistory building has a central cooling unit for supplying chilled water for cooling and separately controlled fans or blowers for circulating cooled air in each story or zone. Separately controlled air heating (or

  15. Energy Conservation Featured in Illinois High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modern Schools, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, scheduled to open in 1977, is being built with energy conservation uppermost in mind. In this system, 70 heat pumps will heat and cool 300,000 square feet of educational facilities. (Author/MLF)

  16. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the Matter of of Administrative Law approved on October 16, 2007. #12;2 On November 14, 2011, Sierra Club and NRDC submitted oral comments on the subject matter of the proceeding. Petitions to intervene are not necessary. Any

  17. Thermal Comfort and Strategies for Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rohles, Frederick H., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses studies in thermal comfort which served as the basis for the comfort standard. Examines seven variables in the human response to the thermal environment in terms of the ways in which they can be modified to conserve energy. (Author/MK)

  18. Energy conservation indicators. 1982 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Belzer, D.B.

    1982-09-01

    A series of Energy Conservation Indicators were developed for the Department of Energy to assist in the evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. As descriptive statistics that signify current conditions and trends related to efficiency of energy use, indicators provide a way of measuring, monitoring, or inferring actual responses by consumers in markets for energy services. Related sets of indicators are presented in some 40 one-page indicator summaries. Indicators are shown graphically, followed by several paragraphs that explain their derivation and highlight key findings. Indicators are classified according to broad end-use sectors: Aggregate (economy), Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Transportation and Electric Utilities. In most cases annual time series information is presented covering the period 1960 through 1981.

  19. How energy conservation limits our measurements

    E-print Network

    Miguel Navascues; Sandu Popescu

    2014-04-25

    Observations in Quantum Mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this paper we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with non-trivial energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and we quantify them exactly when the target is a two-level quantum system. Our work thus identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake.

  20. International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015

    E-print Network

    Ellis, S.

    2014-01-01

    International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015 What’s the Difference? ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Energy Codes Specialist Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station shirleyellis...@tamu.edu Shirley Ellis ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Agenda • Overview and Intent of IECC • Scope and Administration, Definitions, Design Conditions, Existing Buildings, Referenced Standards...

  1. Conserve Energy: Modernize Your Solvent Deasphalting Unit

    E-print Network

    Lambert, J. S.; Gleitsmann, J. W.

    1983-01-01

    in raising the temperature of DAO/solvent m~x to its critical temperature is quite high, a part of this heat can be recovered by exchange to preheat DAO/solvent mix from the extractor. Ecor;OMIcs Each added stage of evaporation requires an additional...CONSERVE ENERGY: MODERNIZE YOUR SOLVENT DEASPHALTING UNIT Joseph W. Gleitsmann* John S. Lambert Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation Livingston, New Jersey ABSTRACT Deasphalting units provide high quality feedstocks for lube oil manufacture...

  2. International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015 

    E-print Network

    Ellis, S.

    2014-01-01

    International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015 What’s the Difference? ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Energy Codes Specialist Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station shirleyellis...@tamu.edu Shirley Ellis ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Agenda • Overview and Intent of IECC • Scope and Administration, Definitions, Design Conditions, Existing Buildings, Referenced Standards...

  3. Two theorems on energy-momentum conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Martin Pereira

    1976-01-01

    The mathematical meaning of the law of conservation of energy-momentum is examined. A distinction is made between the intrinsic properties of the metric tensor (i.e., those properties that are independent of the coordinate system), and the nonintrinsic properties of this tensor (i.e., those properties that depend upon the coordinate system). The covariance of the energy-momentum law is used to demonstrate

  4. Energy conservation: a vehicle for change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2008-01-01

    A comprehensive energy conservation program applied to a fully-integrated energy system must, on the one hand, balance an economic equilibrium between reduced consumption, resource substitution, and increased efficiency of utilization, and on the other hand, make a judgment on both environmental quality (loosely defined) and integrability of the program into the organization. After a brief exposition on the engineering-system-design aspects

  5. 78 FR 12969 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...industrial equipment, including residential water heaters. EPCA also requires the U.S...standards for several classes of residential water heaters in an April 2010 final rule....

  6. 77 FR 16769 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning...January 2012 NOPR to update the current Federal test procedures, or for certain equipment types adopt new test procedures, to incorporate by...

  7. Finite difference schemes for that inherit energy conservation or dissipation

    E-print Network

    the energy conservation or dissipation property from nonlinear partial differential equations­Hilliard equation, and numerically verified the inheritance of the energy conservation and dissipation properties for KdV eq. and Cahn­Hilliard eq. Key words. finite difference method, energy conservation, energy dissi

  8. July 18, 2012 Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public

    E-print Network

    July 18, 2012 Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally conservation projects, including public building upgrades that reduce energy use by at least 20 percent

  9. Adaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Heidemann, John

    and simulation studies show that our energy-conserving algorithms can consume as little as 50% of the energy of energy limited nodes, so designing power-conserving protocols deserves study. For some scenarios, powerAdaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks Ya Xu, John Heidemann, Deborah

  10. Energy-conservation study for the US Air Force Academy

    SciTech Connect

    Peterson, J.L.; Davis, L.B.

    1983-01-01

    The United States Air Force Academy (AFA) has asked the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist them in conducting detailed energy and solar analyses of selected AFA buildings using the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. The results of the energy conservation study conducted by Los Alamos in FY 1981 and 1982 for Building 2360 (Vandenberg Hall), Building 2169 (Field House), and Building 2410 (Aeronautics Laboratory) are presented. Energy Conservation and Solar Opportunities (ECOs) are identified for each building and predicted heating, cooling and electric energy savings are presented for each ECO. Economic results are summarized as annual dollars saved, discounted benefit-to-cost ratio, maximum investment targets, and the life-cycle cost of implementing each ECO.

  11. Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

    2014-10-01

    Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention.1,2 Imagine that a pair of coherent, point-like wave sources (located at the same position) radiates sinusoidal waves of amplitude A, spreading in a uniform medium. Assume also that radiation of the two sources is in phase. Since the energy of oscillation, E, is proportional to amplitude squared, one quickly arrives at an apparent paradox. That is, the energy of oscillation in every point due to only one source is E0=CA2 (C is the coefficient of proportionality), while according to the linear superposition principle, the combined amplitude of oscillations from the two sources is 2A and the energy of oscillations is E =C(2A)2=4CA2=4E0, i.e., four (not two) times greater than the energy of oscillation of one isolated source in the absence of the second. In the general case, superposition of two waves with identical amplitudes and wavelengths produces a wave with an intensity somewhere between zero and four times the intensity of a single wave source (depending on relative phase of the two waves). This leads to the obvious question: how can we account for the extra (or missing) energy that necessarily results from in-phase (or anti-phase) wave interference? This apparent violation of the principle of conservation energy, due to the superposition of waves, is the primary topic of this paper.

  12. 75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

  13. Energy Conservation in the School Curriculum. Energy Conservation Materials Package 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston.

    This pamphlet is composed of two sections. The first is an address by S. David Freeman delivered to the Boston Conference of the Interstate Energy Conservation Leadership Project (IECL). Freeman claims that the energy crisis can be the most effective teaching aid of the decade, and that the energy crisis reflects a set of problems that require…

  14. Sweet Grass Elementary School: A Study in Energy Conservation. Energy Conservation: School Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonton Public Schools (Alberta).

    The results of building a new school in Edmonton (Alberta) in accordance with energy efficient principles are described in this report, the third and last in a series describing three projects utilizing different approaches to energy conservation. The Sweet Grass Elementary School project consisted in designing, building, and monitoring an energy

  15. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section 101-25.112 Public Contracts and Property...documents reflect the policy set forth in paragraph...established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation...

  16. Designing for Energy Conservation - The Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital 

    E-print Network

    Wiernik, L. B.; Ranzau, P. A.

    1984-01-01

    The concept of designing for energy conservation has long been a concern of Houston Lighting & Power (HL&P), culminating in the development of a local energy conservation design award competition in 1980. This competition sponsored by HL...

  17. Energy Challenges and Conservation Achievements in the Aluminum Industry 

    E-print Network

    Sheldon, A. C.

    1979-01-01

    constraints with stringent, voluntary energy conservation programs that are enabling producers to reduce their consumption significantly. Conservation plus the results of on-going, energy-related R&D work and innovative technology are helping Alcoa reduce...

  18. Energy conservation and circular economy in China's process industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huiquan Li; Weijun Bao; Caihong Xiu; Yi Zhang; Hongbin Xu

    2010-01-01

    Since energy consumption in process industries accounts for a great proportion of China's total energy consumption, energy conservation becomes the practical choice to reduce the conflict between energy demand and energy supply in China, and therefore, promoting energy conservation is the long-term solution to China's energy and environment problems from the source. In this paper, based on the introduction of

  19. Solar energy, conservation, and rental housing

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, A.; Raab, J.

    1981-03-01

    Renters must pay the majority of energy costs either directly or in their rents. They have limited financial and legal abilities to make improvements necessary to increase substantially the energy efficiency of rental housing. This report discusses the problem of how to increase investments in energy conservation and solar energy devices for rental housing, which constitutes over one-third of US housing. As background, this report characterizes the rental-housing market, including owners' decision-making criteria. Federal, state, and local policies that affect energy-related investments in rental housing are described. Programs are divided into five major categories: (1) programs for tenants, (2) financial incentives for owners, (3) leasing of solar energy equipment, (4) mediation between tenants and landlords, and (5) regulation. The report concludes that energy and conservation programs aimed at the residential sector must disaggregate owner-occupied housing from rental housing for maximum effect. No one program is advocated since local rental-housing markets differ substantially. For improvements greater than no-cost or low-cost items, programs must be directed at rental-housing owners and not only at tenants.

  20. Integrated energy and water conservation modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Monsabert, S. de; Liner, B.L. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States)

    1998-04-01

    Under the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is required to provide federal facility managers with a clear determination of the impact of water conservation practices on energy consumption. This paper introduces the WATERGY model, which is a spreadsheet model to analyze total energy savings associated with water conservation efforts. The contribution of this effort is the development of a synergistic model based on engineering algorithms as opposed to lumped parameter estimates. The model explicitly details the relationships between direct and indirect water and energy savings. Irrigation, plumbing fixture, appliance, and boiler blowdown savings comprise the direct water component of the model. Reduction in leakage and unaccounted-for water in the distribution system are calculated as indirect water savings. Direct energy savings are calculated for hot water production. Indirect energy savings associated with distribution and collection, electric line losses, and unaccounted-for gas are determined by the model. Data sources, algorithms, and engineering assumptions used in the development of the model are detailed. The model capabilities are demonstrated for a hypothetical federal facility.

  1. Solar Heating And Cooling Of Buildings (SHACOB): Requirements definition and impact analysis-2. Volume 1: Energy-conserving design for residential structures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. K. Cretcher

    1980-01-01

    The impact of stringent energy conserving building standards on electric utility service areas and their customers was analyzed. The demands on the seven broadly representative electric utilities were aggregated to represent the total new construction electric heating demands in the years 1990 and 2000 to be compared to the aggregate obtained similarly for a nominal, less stringent standard, viz., ASHRAE

  2. Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program 

    E-print Network

    Wolf, C. A., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    themselves with the Voluntary Task Force system. TIlE PROGRAM The question that can reasonably be asked is ''Why would industrial firms choose to voluntarily practise energy conservation and commit to reporting via the Sector Task Force programme... people is necessary to improve efficiencies. Sane examples of "retrofit" projects would be: double glazing windows, adding insulation to pipes and walls, installing control devices on boilers and electrical circuits, replacing equipment like motors...

  3. Energy conservation strategies among American college students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lauren Dundes; Anna Kulow; Debra Lemke

    2009-01-01

    This research compares both attitudes and recycling behaviors in a sample of college males and females (N?=?302), a demographic group whose behaviors and willingness to adopt environmentally sound policies will become the dominant\\u000a force for environmental reform in the USA in approaching decades. Consistent with prior research, women were significantly\\u000a more likely to support strategies for energy conservation and were

  4. Gulf resid HDS + FCC for energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. F. Ondish; J. A. Frayer; J. D. McKinney

    1976-01-01

    The Gulf HDS Process, commercially proven for direct residual desulfurization, could be a significant aid to energy conservation while simultaneously contributing to environmental protection. These twin benefits are achieved by mating of Gulf HDS with the Gulf FCC Process, the latter charging total naphtha-free HDS resid. As sulfur contents of HDS residua are lowered to 0.1 to 0.5%, distillate-like materials

  5. Biosludge Incineration - A Program for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Compernolle, R. V.

    1982-01-01

    . Process contaminated aqueous waste effluents are treated to meet federal, state, and local environmental quality requirements before being discharged to the ship channel. The activated sludge process is used to remove soluble organic pollutants from... aqueous ef fluents. Biological sludge, or biosludge, produced by this process is disposed of by incineration in a multiple hearth incinerator located in the complex. Shell has had a long-standing program in energy conservation. As part of this program...

  6. Energy conservation - A test for scattering approximations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acquista, C.; Holland, A. C.

    1980-01-01

    The roles of the extinction theorem and energy conservation in obtaining the scattering and absorption cross sections for several light scattering approximations are explored. It is shown that the Rayleigh, Rayleigh-Gans, anomalous diffraction, geometrical optics, and Shifrin approximations all lead to reasonable values of the cross sections, while the modified Mie approximation does not. Further examination of the modified Mie approximation for the ensembles of nonspherical particles reveals additional problems with that method.

  7. Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

    E-print Network

    and recycling since the 1980's, with a renewed emphasis since 2002. TTI's Energy Management and Conservation and awareness. We post our utility awareness program on our agency intranet, provide energy conservation or other documents. TTI has actively participated in various energy conservation programs and is committed

  8. Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan

    E-print Network

    energy consumption, conserving water and recycling since the 1980's, with a renewed emphasis since 2002 with the State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) to implement programs reducing consumption and improving in various energy conservation programs and is committed to working with and implementing procedures provided

  9. Careers in the Renewable Energy and Conservation Professions and Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

    Many kinds of jobs can be found in the renewable energy and energy conservation industries. This pamphlet indicates that a large career potential exists within the solar and conservation professions and trades. These careers consist of individuals who design, build, or install solar heating or hot water systems, who implement energy conservation

  10. iPower: An Energy Conservation System for

    E-print Network

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    iPower: An Energy Conservation System for Intelligent Buildings by Wireless Sensor Networks Lun. Exploiting the context-aware capability of WSN to achieve energy conservation in intelligent buildings is an attractive direction. We thus propose an iPower (intelligent and personalized energy-conservation system

  11. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ONSAGER'S CONJECTURE FOR THE EULER EQUATIONS

    E-print Network

    Shvydkoy, Roman

    ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ONSAGER'S CONJECTURE FOR THE EULER EQUATIONS A. CHESKIDOV, P. CONSTANTIN, S for incompressible fluids in R3 conserve energy only if they have a certain minimal smoothness, (of order of 1 that energy is conserved for velocities in the function space B 1/3 3,c(N). We show that this space is sharp

  12. ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ENERGY DIFFUSION IN HARMONIC SYSTEM WITH CONSERVATIVE NOISE GIADA BASILE AND STEFANO OLLA Abstract with a stochastic pertur- bation of the dynamics that conserves energy and momentum. The results concern pinned proposed, where the added random dynamics conserves the energy. In [7] Fourier Law is proven

  13. Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk Array-Based Servers

    E-print Network

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk Array-Based Servers Eduardo Pinheiro and Ricardo.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study energy conservation techniques for disk array-based network servers. First conserve significant energy with only a small fraction of delayed requests. Overall, we find that PDC

  14. Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk ArrayBased Servers

    E-print Network

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk Array­Based Servers #3; Eduardo Pinheiro and Ricardo,ricardobg@cs.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study energy conservation techniques for disk array­based network servers. First conserve significant energy with only a small fraction of delayed requests. Overall, we find that PDC

  15. THE ECONOMICS OF CONSERVED-ENERGY "SUPPLY" CURVES

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-028 THE ECONOMICS OF CONSERVED-ENERGY "SUPPLY" CURVES Steven Stoft April 1995 This paper Berkeley, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;PWP-028 THE ECONOMICS OF CONSERVED-ENERGY "SUPPLY" CURVES Steven Stoft April 1995 #12;Table of Contents The Economics of Conserved-Energy "Supply

  16. Energy conservation: House Study Group special legislative report. [Monograph

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Piltz

    1981-01-01

    President Reagan's proposed budget cuts would reduce funding for state energy-conservation programs by 76% in fiscal year 1982, from $453 million to $197 million. Because energy-conservation programs in Texas are heavily dependent on federal funds, the main state programs could be eliminated after this year if Congress accepts the Reagan budget. This report considers the potential for energy conservation and

  17. Human factors, information campaigns, and energy conservation. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. K. Mick; U. Mick; D. Callahan

    1982-01-01

    This report is based on an 18-month study to assess the application of human factors models and techniques to the public information programs in energy conservation. The objective was to develop guidelines for the development, implementation, and operation of more effective public information programs in energy conservation. A good deal of the input comes from an examination of energy conservation

  18. Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only)

    E-print Network

    page - 16 Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only) Given one type of conservative force F UB - UA= - = - Definition of 'Potential energy difference" conserv #12;page - 17 the definition of the "potential energy difference UB - UA " as equal to negative value of the work W done

  19. Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Attitudes towards Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekbiyik, Ahmet; Ipek, Cemalettin

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to examine the pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation. In order to reach this main aim following research questions are formulated: (1) What are the attitude levels of pre-service primary teachers in terms of energy conservation? (2) Do pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation

  20. Program for developing professional capabilities in energy-conservation policy analysis. Final report, September 1979December 1980

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Sweeney; L. Lau

    1980-01-01

    The current program proceeds through the various stages of recruitment and training, internship, dissertation writing, and career assignment in an energy policy related field. Three years of experience is reported for the program which consists of five stages: recruitment of graduate students from the Stanford University Engineering-Economic Systems Department and Economics Department who have a strong technical education, outstanding analytic

  1. Snowboarding And The Conservation Of Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-01-01

    The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this lesson, students will design a new snowboarding event through the use of the free physics simulation program “Skateboard Park.” Students will investigate the energy dynamics their course and explore the conservation of energy principle.

  2. HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES

    SciTech Connect

    Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

    1980-03-01

    This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

  3. 77 FR 18477 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ...DOE) to determine whether more stringent, amended standards...emissions reductions relative to the most recent version of the Annual...the cost savings they would enjoy from an energy conservation...for example, in order to more accurately estimate energy...

  4. Teaching Energy Conservation as a Unifying Principle in Physics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jordi Solbes; Jenaro Guisasola; Francisco Tarín

    2009-01-01

    In this work we present the design and assessment of a teaching sequence aimed at introducing the principle of energy conservation\\u000a at post-compulsory secondary school level (16–18 year olds). The proposal is based on the result of research into teaching-learning\\u000a difficulties and on the analysis of the physics framework. Evidence is shown that this teaching sequence, together with the\\u000a methodology used

  5. Energy Conservation at the Gravitational Collapse

    E-print Network

    V. Majernik

    2006-09-12

    We apply the principle of energy conservation to the motion of the test particle in gravitational field by requiring that its energy, gained by gravitation, has to be balanced by decrease of its rest mass. Due to the change of mass in gravitational field Newton's force law between gravitating bodies is modified, too. With this modified force law we build up the the classical field theory of gravitation in which all relevant field quantities are in the definition domain $r\\in [0,\\infty)$ finite and positive. We show that under such circumstances, the energy release at any gravitational collapse is finite. On the other side, the energy conservation leads to an equation which relates the mass change of the test particle due to gravitation and the metric of the corresponding gravitational field. The mass change in Newton's gravitational field lead to a remarkable simple metric which shifts, in contrast to the Schwarzschild metric, the horizon of events to the gravity center of the gravitational collapse.

  6. Energy Conservation: A Conceptual Framework of Energy Awareness Development Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Choong Weng Wai; Abdul Hakim Mohammed; Buang Alias

    Energy is wasted each day due to lack of awareness among societies. Past research suggest that there are two main energy conservation methods - technology fixed and behavioural approach. Technology fixed is based on instruments such as motion sensor control lighting and photovoltaic. Behavioural approach requires changes in human attitudes by using motivation, raising awareness and skill developing. This paper

  7. Physics 321 Energy Conservation Potential Energy in

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    2 = = = + = = This is a useful relation ­ but we'll go one step further: = = |2 1 = = · Positive no explicit time dependence, we can define a potential energy. Otherwise, we can not. In general = Vector Calculus in Mathematica vec_calc_ex.nb #12;

  8. Saving Money Through Employee Motivation and Participation in Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Francis, G.

    1982-01-01

    and participation in energy conservation, a topic sometimes neglected and all too infrequently discussed in relation to energy conservation. It is however, in our opinion, a topic that is crucial to achieving and sustaining an ongoing in-plant conservation program....

  9. Small industries: 1981 Louisiana energy-conservation seminars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Brown; F. Milstead; J. W. Golden; J. Matthews; L. Doll; W. Godwin; J. McLemore

    1981-01-01

    Materials are presented that supplement presentations made by speakers at the 1981 Louisiana Industrial Energy Conservation Seminars. Ideas currently in use, case studies of actual applications, and reference materials are included, as well as several articles from professional energy management periodicals. Topics covered include: energy accounting systems; employee awareness; load management in industry; energy billing; financial incentives for energy conservation

  10. A Study on Energy Management Contracting Pattern in Existing Building Energy Conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Cai; Xiaodong Wen; Wei Gu

    2010-01-01

    The chief object of the present study is to demonstrate and the characters and functions of Energy Management Contracting (EMC) in existing building energy conservation. According to the top topics of energy conservation and sustainable development, the patterns of EMC in building energy conservation were analyzed. The main technical measures for building facilities energy conservation were introduced, and a case

  11. Motivating residents to conserve energy without financial incentives

    SciTech Connect

    McMakin, Andrea H.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Lundgren, Regina E.

    2002-11-01

    Applied energy-conservation campaigns were conducted at two U.S. military installations where residents do not pay their own utility bills. Results help illuminate what drives pro-conservation behavior.

  12. Energy Conservation in Flat FRW Cosmology

    E-print Network

    Steven Maxson

    2009-01-07

    The consequence of energy conservation in the flat Friedmannn-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology is a strictly positive accelerating expansion. A mechanism is proposed for this expansion due to the effect of the attractive (negative) gravitational potential of matter as it is being included within the expanding horizon, and the offsetting work of metric expansion, which takes place at sub-luminal speed. In our semi-classical treatment, we deal with a quintic as the equation for the scale parameter. Implications for modeling the earliest parts of the primordial expansion are discussed.

  13. Energy Conservation and the Unruh Effect

    E-print Network

    Riuji Mochizuki; Takayuki Suga

    1999-08-30

    In this paper it is explicitly demonstrated that the energy conservation law is kept when a detector uniformly accelerated in the Minkowski vacuum is excited and emits a particle. This fact had been hidden in conventional approaches in which detectors were considered to be forced on trajectories. To lift the veil we suggest a detector model written in terms of the Minkowski coordinates. In this model the Hamiltonian of the detector involves a classical potential term instead of the detector's fixed trajectory. The transition rate agrees with the corresponding conventional one in the limit of an infinite mass detector though even then the recoil remains.

  14. An energy conservative difference scheme for the nonlinear fractional Schrödinger equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Pengde; Huang, Chengming

    2015-07-01

    In this paper, an energy conservative Crank-Nicolson difference scheme for nonlinear Riesz space-fractional Schrödinger equations is studied. We give a rigorous analysis of the conservation properties, including mass conservation and energy conservation in the discrete sense. Based on Brouwer fixed point theorem, the existence of the difference solution is proved. By virtue of the energy method, the difference solution is shown to be unique and convergent at the order of O (?2 +h2) in the l2-norm with time step ? and mesh size h. Finally a linearized iterative algorithm is presented and numerical experiments are given to confirm the theoretical results.

  15. The Role of the Canadian Government in Industrial Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Godin, M. A.

    1980-01-01

    Canada has undertaken to become self sufficient in energy by 1990. To buy the necessary time to develop domestic supplies, energy transport systems and to extend the time life of energy reserves, we have embarked on an energy conservation program...

  16. Simplified energy design economics: Principles of economics applied to energy conservation and solar energy investments in buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, H. E.; Ruegg, R. T.; Wilson, F.

    1980-01-01

    Economic analysis techniques for evaluating alternative energy conservation investments in buildings are presented. Life cycle cost, benefit cost, savings to investment, payback, and rate of return analyses are explained and illustrated. The procedure for discounting is described for a heat pump investment. Formulas, tables of discount factors, and detailed instructions are provided to give all information required to make economic evaluations of energy conserving building designs.

  17. Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

    1992-01-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

  18. Energy conservation in buildings and industrial plants. [includes glossary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meckler

    1981-01-01

    An examination is made of the opportunities and alternatives for energy conservation where great savings are possible - the design, construction, and operation of buildings and industrial facilities. Contrasts are made between the actual energy requirements of various building types (office buildings, schools, hospitals, shopping centers) and results are described of recent energy conservation measures applied to existing buildings. Energy-saving

  19. Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Dry Ice Slider-Projectiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gales, Jenna; Baker, Blane

    2008-01-01

    Energy concepts are fundamentally important for describing and analyzing systems ranging from subatomic particles to spiral galaxies. In general, students first encounter such concepts in introductory courses that typically focus on forms of energy, energy transfer, and conservation laws. Within these courses, conservation of mechanical energy is…

  20. Energy Conservation in Small Schools. Small Schools Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardener, Clark

    Information concerning methods and available materials for conserving energy is needed by small, rural schools to offset continued increasing energy costs and lack of financial support and technical assistance. The first step in developing an energy conservation policy is to obtain school board commitment and to establish an energy saving policy.…

  1. Modeling Energy Conservation in a Completely Integrable Boussinesq system

    E-print Network

    Kalisch, Henrik

    Modeling Energy Conservation in a Completely Integrable Boussinesq system Alfatih Ali and Henrik]. It is the purpose of the present paper to shed light on the conservation of energy in the context of the Kaup system Abstract This work presents a derivation of the energy density and energy flux of surface waves modeled

  2. Exploiting Redundancy to Conserve Energy in Storage Systems

    E-print Network

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    Exploiting Redundancy to Conserve Energy in Storage Systems Eduardo Pinheiro Rutgers University disk energy. Second, it evaluates the previ- ous (redundancy-oblivious) energy conservation techniques redundancy configura- tion for new energy-aware storage systems. To study Diverted Ac- cesses for realistic

  3. INTERGOVERNMENTAL ROLES IN LOCAL ENERGY CONSERVATION: A RESEARCH FRONTIER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beverly A. Cigler

    1982-01-01

    This article examines a frontier research area: local energy conservation and intergovernmental relations. The vast potential for financial and energy savings by local governments through energy conservation is contrasted to a significant lack of meaningful programs by reviewing current local programs through examination of research efforts, intergovernmental trends in assistance and the legal foundation for local energy roles. Several items

  4. The Consequences of Participant Satisfaction With Energy Conservation Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernard Goitein; Bob Weinstein

    1986-01-01

    The relationship between satisfaction with a residential energy audit and reported subsequent energy conservation behavior is investigated in a stratified random sample of 500 Illinois audit recipient. Results demonstrate a weak relationship between audit satisfaction and energy conservation behavior, a finding consistent with similar satisfac tion-behavior relationships studied in the literature of social and organizational psychology. Although impacts upon energy

  5. Energy Conservation, Understanding and Activities for Young People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Energy Administration, Washington, DC.

    This publication on energy conservation is designed as a resource material for the classroom. It is divided into three chapters concerning a definition of energy, the conservation of energy, and the uses of energy. For each subtopic within the chapters, there is background information and suggested project topics designed for secondary school…

  6. ENERGEX: Expert systems for industrial energy conservation and management

    SciTech Connect

    Gopalakrishnan, B.; Plummer, R.W.; Nagarajan, S. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1997-06-01

    US manufacturing must extract the highest percentage of productive energy from each Btu of energy produced, especially since it has a high per capita consumption of energy in the industrial sector. This is necessary for competing in the global marketplace. This article describes the design and development of a computer based tool (ENERGEX) which aids the industrial user in developing energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) in plants. The software system is capable of recommending ECOs in areas such as lighting, boilers, motor selection, analysis of belt driven systems, destratification, insulation of heated surfaces, and air compressor operation. In addition, the system offers expert advice on all these areas including power factor improvement possibilities. The system has been designed so as to query the industrial user on aspects related to the plant, from which the most appropriate ECO list is generated and presented for further analysis.

  7. Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency in the Northwestin the Northwest Tom EckmanTom Eckman Manager, Conservation ResourcesManager, Conservation Resources Northwest Power and Conservation CouncilNorthwest Power and Conservation Council Presented October 20, 2005

  8. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

  9. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

  10. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

  11. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

  12. BPA's Eighth Annual Energy Conservation Management Conference : Proceedings.

    SciTech Connect

    Energy Conservation Management Conference (8th : 1981); United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1981-01-01

    The five-year energy conservation program at Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is described at the conference. An overview of the program is presented. Topics covered in panel discussions include: how utilities can work effectively with weatherization contractors, homebuilders, energy auditors, and weatherization material suppliers; mechanisms for implementing conservation programs in the commercial sector; experiences gained in existing residential weatherization programs; and streamlining relationships between consumers, utilities, and BPA in providing services and getting feedback. The planning, programming, technical assistance, and engineering thrusts of BPA's conservation programs are discussed. Indoor air quality, renewable energy, and the regulator's role in relationships to energy conservation are discussed. Passive solar programs, DOE initiatives in solar and conservation for buildings, conservation potential in the commercial and industrial sectors, and current conservation research and development are also discussed. (MCW)

  13. Energy Conservation and Pomeron Loops in High Energy Evolution

    E-print Network

    Emil Avsar

    2006-10-31

    We present a formalism which modifies the Mueller Dipole Model such that it incorporates energy-momentum conservation and also important colour suppressed effects. We implement our formalism in a Monte Carlo simulation and compare the results to inclusive data from HERA and the Tevatron, where we see that there is a good agreement between the data and our model.

  14. Energy Stable Flux Formulas For The Discontinuous Galerkin Discretization Of First Order Nonlinear Conservation Laws

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barth, Timothy; Charrier, Pierre; Mansour, Nagi N. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    We consider the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) finite element discretization of first order systems of conservation laws derivable as moments of the kinetic Boltzmann equation. This includes well known conservation law systems such as the Euler For the class of first order nonlinear conservation laws equipped with an entropy extension, an energy analysis of the DG method for the Cauchy initial value problem is developed. Using this DG energy analysis, several new variants of existing numerical flux functions are derived and shown to be energy stable.

  15. Electrorheology for energy production and conservation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Ke

    Recently, based on the physics of viscosity, we developed a new technology, which utilizes electric or magnetic fields to change the rheology of complex fluids to reduce the viscosity, while keeping the temperature unchanged. The method is universal and applicable to all complex fluids with suspended particles of nano-meter, submicrometer, or micrometer size. Completely different from the traditional viscosity reduction method, raising the temperature, this technology is energy-efficient, as it only requires small amount of energy to aggregate the suspended particles. In this thesis, we will first discuss this new technology in detail, both in theory and practice. Then, we will report applications of our technology to energy science research. Presently, 80% of all energy sources are liquid fuels. The viscosity of liquid fuels plays an important role in energy production and energy conservation. With an electric field, we can reduce the viscosity of asphalt-based crude oil. This is important and useful for heavy crude oil and off-shore crude oil production and transportation. Especially, since there is no practical way to raise the temperature of crude oil inside the deepwater pipelines, our technology may play a key role in future off-shore crude oil production. Electrorehology can also be used to reduce the viscosity of refinery fuels, such as diesel fuel and gasoline. When we apply this technology to fuel injection, the fuel droplets in the fuel atomization become smaller, leading to faster combustion in the engine chambers. As the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines depends on the combustion speed and timing, the fast combustion produces much higher fuel efficiency. Therefore, adding our technology on existing engines improves the engine efficiency significantly. A theoretical model for the engine combustion, which explains how fast combustion improves the engine efficiency, is also presented in the thesis. As energy is the key to our national security, we believe that our technology is important and will have a strong impact on energy production and conversation in the future.

  16. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENERGY DECENTRALIZATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark D.; Craig, Paul P.

    1980-01-01

    We have presented views of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system. appears not to be functioning in very important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in the economic system is, in our judgment. far greater than is recognized either by the public or by 'experts.' It has led to an over-investment in centralized energy systems and has discouraged the use of decentralized systems that could contribute significantly in the near term to a lessening of our energy problems. There are some signs that the situation is changing. albeit rather slowly. High prices and the widespread recognition of the seriousness of our energy problems have contributed to an increasing involvement of individuals in energy decisions profoundly affecting their future. To achieve an evolution of the energy system in which decentralized technologies (and, in the near term, particularly technologies that improve the efficiency of energy use) play an important role, the government must act forcefully. This action needs to recognize and be responsive to the powerful discriminatory effect of the economic system, as it is presently constituted, against investments in energy conservation.

  17. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama 

    E-print Network

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    1985-01-01

    The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

  18. Energy conservation: Buildings, volume 1. A bibliography with abstracts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Hundemann

    1978-01-01

    This bibliography contains 162 abstracts. Energy conservation in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings through use of efficient heating, air conditioning, and lighting systems is discussed. Topic areas cover the retrofitting of existing buildings, methods of detecting heat loss, efficient use of electric power, and the use of thermal energy storage and solar heat. Potential for conserving energy in buildings and

  19. Energy Conservation Activity Packet, K-2. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohlman, Betty; And Others

    This notebook was developed in response to the concern for energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grades K-2. The teacher is provided with some background information on energy, an extensive revised teacher's annotated bibliography, and a list of…

  20. Energy Conservation Management for School Administrators: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukco, Bernard J.

    Information concerning energy conservation management is presented to aid school administrators in improving the energy efficiency of their buildings and programs. Three general topics are discussed: (1) the general nature and unique characteristics of school energy management; (2) initial steps in developing a conservation program, including…

  1. Basic Energy Conservation and Management Part 1: Looking at Lighting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Glenn

    2012-01-01

    Reducing school district energy expenditures has become a universal goal. However, school board members, superintendents, and directors of buildings and grounds are often unaware of the many options available to conserve energy. School energy conservation used to be relatively simple: turn off the lights and turn down the heat in the winter and…

  2. Promoting energy conservation through occupational licensure: A feasibility study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. W. Wilms

    1977-01-01

    It was assumed that if candidates were tested on their knowledge of energy conservation, training institutions (colleges and universities) and publishers would institutionalize energy conservation in their curricula and publications to prepare candidates for the examinations, which would achieve a long-term structural change. Topics studied include: approximately five licensed occupations, which because of their size or function, can promote energy

  3. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  4. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  5. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  6. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  7. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  8. Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing 

    E-print Network

    Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

    1980-01-01

    from waste heat streams for reuse in the processing operations. This paper addresses the recovery of waste heat and the storage of thermal energy as a means of energy conservation in food processing. An energy conservation project in a poultry...

  9. Energy Use Analysis for the Federal Energy Management Program

    E-print Network

    Mazzucchi, R. P.; Devine, K. D.

    1988-01-01

    and support to users, preparation of guidelines and procedures for energy savings initiatives, and publication of a manual to guide identification and analysis of energy conservation measures. This paper describes the current status and planned progress...

  10. New priorities in energy-conservation research and development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willke, T. L.; Ashton, W. B.; Hopp, W. J.; Hane, G. J.; Liberman, A.; Strasser, G.

    1981-12-01

    Information on various technologies which offer significant potential for energy conservation yet require applied research and development to achieve that potential are discussed. The scope and the methodology used to identify and screen energy conservation research and development (R and D) opportunities are discussed. Results of the R and D opportunities study are discussed, including a tabular summary of conservation potential and example R and D needs. General aspects of the new energy policy and its effects on the federal role in energy conservation are discussed. The potential effects of the new energy policy upon areas of applied R and D identified under previous criteria are illustrated and elements of the new federal role in energy conservation are summarized.

  11. Implementation and effectiveness of state-administered, federally funded energy conservation programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1985-01-01

    State governments are playing an increasing role in providing a national policy for energy conservation. One area of such activity is the administration and implementation of federally funded energy conservation programs: the State Energy Conservation Program, the Energy Extension Service, the Institutional Conservation Program, the Weatherization Assistance Program, and the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank. A survey of the

  12. Finding of no significant impact for the State Energy Conservation Program

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA), DOE/EA 1068, to assess the environmental impacts associated with the State Energy Conservation Program (SECP). DOE previously funded SECP projects under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA). The State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvements Act of 1990 (SEEPIA) and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) amended EPCA to broaden the range of state initiatives qualifying for Federal assistance under the SECP. The PEA presents a general analysis of the potential environmental effects associated with broad types of projects that can be funded under the SECP. It does not analyze specific environmental effects or alternatives associated with individual energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy projects. Individual actions are to be evaluated in detail on a project-by-project basis to determine whether their impacts fall within the bounding analysis of the impacts analyzed in the SECP PEA.

  13. Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

    2009-01-01

    The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development

  14. Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 5. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohlman, Betty; And Others

    This activity notebook for grade 5 is one of a series developed in response to energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade five. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and objectives, and…

  15. A Better 2-D Mechanical Energy Conservation Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paesler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    A variety of simple classical mechanics energy conservation experiments are used in teaching laboratories. Typical one-dimensional (1-D) setups may involve falling balls or oscillating springs. Many of these can be quite satisfying in that students can confirm--within a few percent--that mechanical energy is conserved. Students generally have…

  16. Energy-Conserving Air Indexes for Nearest Neighbor Search

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    Energy-Conserving Air Indexes for Nearest Neighbor Search Baihua Zheng1 , Jianliang Xu2 , Wang Baptist University, Hong Kong xujl@comp.hkbu.edu.hk 3 Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802 studies energy-conserving air indexes for NN search in a wireless broadcast environment. Linear access

  17. Conservation of energy of a rollercoaster using high speed video

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Peter Bohacek

    A high speed video clip of a roller coaster is used as an example of conservation of mechanical energy. Student use the video to determine whether mechanical energy is conserved while the roller coaster rolls up, and then back down a hil.

  18. Summary of current state industrial energy conservation programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. W. Anderson; A. R. Evans; P. J. Grogan

    1980-01-01

    A preliminary study of industrial energy conservation measures initiated by states under the State Energy Conservation Program is presented. Elements, targets, and administration of state programs are briefly examined. As the results of the study indicate, the states perceive the need for Federal assistance in programs to: establish a forum for coordination of state programs and interchange of approaches and

  19. Conflict between energy conservation and water pollution control standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lamb

    1980-01-01

    The potential conflict in national needs for both energy conservation and water pollution control is indicated. Meeting broader obligations in reconciling these apparent differences has failed. Major contributions to energy conservation efforts needed today could be made without giving up any important pollution control goals. Hopefully, state and Federal regulatory agencies soon will recognize their obligations in this respect and

  20. An Energy-Conserving Access Protocol for Wireless Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Imrich Chlamtac; Chiara Petrioli; Jason Redi

    1997-01-01

    A myriad of applications such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart card networks are emerging in which nodes are designed for extremely low-cost, large scale applications such that the replacement of batteries is not feasible. Energy conservation therefore becomes a major constraint. Classical access protocols are either not energy conserving or lead to unacceptable delays. In this paper, we

  1. Energy-conservation responsibilities and tasks of principals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the differences among the energy-conservation responsibilities and tasks of elementary and secondary principals in the public schools of urban, suburban, and rural school systems in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Specifically, answers to the following questions were sought: (1) are principals in the public schools of Virginia assuming energy conservation responsibilities and tasks

  2. Electrical energy conservation through school board policy development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roseann Keller Samson

    1999-01-01

    School districts across the nation are being asked by overburdened taxpayers to do more with less. The purpose of the study was to determine what constitutes an effective electrical energy conservation policy in the public school districts in Florida. This study identified the several components that should be included in a school district energy conservation policy. A descriptive case study

  3. Potential for energy conservation: St. Louis Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. D. Levine; J. P. Whittier

    1979-01-01

    The method of approach to study energy conservation potential in St. Louis is described. It is observed that the key features of St. Louis are: uncertainty of population and economic projections; growth of suburban areas and decline of the inner city during the past two decades; inner city has numerous social\\/economic problems; inadequate (economically suboptimal) levels of energy conservation in

  4. Social aspects of energy conservation. Study module IB final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. E. Olsen; J. A. Goodnight

    1977-01-01

    If the Pacific Northwest or the United States should decide to pursue a policy of increased energy conservation in the future, a number of crucial questions and issues concerning the implementation and possible consequences of that policy would immediately arise. The purpose of this study is not to evaluate the desirability of energy conservation as a public policy, but rather

  5. Tracking consumer attitudes on energy conservation in the Pacific Northwest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1986-01-01

    Measurement of consumer attitudes and other characteristics allows for the segmentation of the market in a variety of ways to aid in the development and implementation of effective energy conservation programs in the residential sector. Pacific Northwest Laboratory has been conducting marketing analyses for energy conservation activities in the Pacific Northwest for Bonneville Power Administration since 1983. Work completed to

  6. Conservation of energy and natural resources by recycling building waste

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Thormark

    2001-01-01

    Recycling of building waste can considerably reduce the need for energy and natural resources and reduce the amount of material to landfill. Knowledge of the size of the annual conservation potential is important. The purpose of this study was to assess the conservation of energy and natural resources and the amount of material to landfill by recycling building waste in

  7. Outcomes analysis for hearing conservation programs.

    PubMed

    Helfer, T M; Shields, A R; Gates, K E

    2000-12-01

    In health care, an increasing interest in accountability for outcomes, proof of quality care, and cost effectiveness is forcing many practitioners, including audiologists, in the direction of using outcomes analysis to provide proof of performance in their practices. Critical to the conduct of outcomes analysis are the selection of valid outcomes metrics and application of appropriate statistical processes. Modeling of clinical protocols is a useful exercise for developing outcomes data and data management standards. The authors describe the implications for wider use of outcomes modeling once the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) administrative simplification law is implemented. This legislation will set up a wholly new administrative data set that has strong potential to provide outcomes metrics to a variety of Audiology practices. The modeling exercise described here was originally intended to derive assessment outcomes for evaluating hearing conservation program effectiveness in military populations from an administrative database implemented within the Military Health System starting in 1997. The outcomes modelers, however, soon realized the broader applicability of modeling techniques for other special populations and Audiology practices, particularly with the oncoming startup of HIPAA legislative mandates. The modeling exercise demonstrates a process of structuring standard health-care codes to produce outcomes data for epidemiologic and cost analyses, thereby providing better information to guide health-care practices toward improving quality and cost effectiveness. This information in time series should also provide a record of continuous quality improvement. The authors present a general hearing surveillance protocol for evaluating occupational hearing loss. The protocol is used as a specific instance to demonstrate the shaping of an outcomes metrics model. This same process can be applied more generally when used to model outcomes data from other audiology practices. Implementation of the administrative data model described here began at more than 400 Department of Defense (DOD) medical treatment facilities worldwide as of October 1, 1999. The exercise of developing similar outcomes metrics for newborn hearing screening programs, school hearing conservation programs, and other clinical and rehabilitative audiology practices in the civilian sector remains to be done. PMID:11200195

  8. Energy Storage Architecture Northwest Power and Conservation Council Symposium

    E-print Network

    benefits Managing energy storage within a smart grid Future of energy storage and clean energy #12 the Grid Storage Market #12;13-Feb-2013 121Energy Systems · Energy storage = flexibility ­ Clean renewableModular Energy Storage Architecture (MESA) Northwest Power and Conservation Council Symposium

  9. Energy conservation in buildings: cogeneration and cogeneration coupled with thermal energy storage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. H. Khan; M. G. Rasul; M. M. K. Khan

    2004-01-01

    Energy-conservation opportunity in an institutional building is studied through cogeneration with double-effect absorption chiller. Both, technical and economical feasibility is evaluated and presented. The typical electrical energy and cooling-load demand profiles of the buildings concerned are determined. Payback period, internal rate-of-return (IRR), net present value (NPV) and net profit of the Institute is determined through cash-flow analysis. Then, cogeneration coupling

  10. The Gas Utility View of Industrial Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Loberg, T. J.

    1980-01-01

    The gas industry fostered more efficient energy utilization long before the idea of energy conservation became fashionable. It became apparent in the late '60's that misguided Federal Legislation was discouraging necessary search for new gas...

  11. The Utilization of Air Borne Ultrasonics for Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Goodman, M. A.

    1979-01-01

    The goal of energy conservation is not to reduce productive capacity in order to prudently manage expensive and finite resources. The use of ultrasonic technology in the detection of energy loss can be very cost effective and requires little...

  12. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  13. The Utilization of Air Borne Ultrasonics for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Goodman, M. A.

    1979-01-01

    The goal of energy conservation is not to reduce productive capacity in order to prudently manage expensive and finite resources. The use of ultrasonic technology in the detection of energy loss can be very cost effective and requires little...

  14. The French National Energy Conservation Program - The Case of Industry 

    E-print Network

    Zyss, J.

    1980-01-01

    THE FRENCH NATIrnAL ENERGY CONSERVATIrn PROGRAM THE CASE OF INDUSTRY JACQUES ZYSS HEAD OF THE INDUSTRY AND AGRICULTURE DIVISION ENERGY CONSERVATION AGENCY DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY-FRANCE PARIS, FRANCE France is certainly one... import. FRANCEJAPON RFA Therefore, France. had, from year l~/j on, to redefine a brand new energy policy and shifted its emphasis into the three following directions : - energy conservation ; - reduction of our vulnerability with respect to oil...

  15. Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

    This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

  16. Energy conservation opportunities implemented by small and medium-size manufacturers. EADC Program, 1981-1983

    SciTech Connect

    Kirsch, F.W.; Deevy, L.M.

    1985-05-01

    The 479 small and medium-size manufacturers served by the Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center program during 1981-83 implemented 1782 energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) that had been identified in their plants. By doing so they were able to save over $11.25 million/year of their energy costs and to conserve more than 1822 billion Btu/year of their energy use. Those quantities represent 72.6% of the potential savings and 74.8% of the total conservation identified by the five EADCs that performed energy audits in these plants. This report presents the first overall analysis of the 1782 ECOs implemented, although previous reports have discussed portions of them. They are examined at different levels of detail, according to the energy sources involved, the categories of energy use affected, and the industries where they occurred.

  17. Fort Gordon energy survey and analysis of boiler and chiller plants, Building 25910, Building 25330. Proposed energy conservation opportunities for Savannah District Corps of Engineers. Executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-04-03

    This report is the result of extensive field studies to determine the ability of the plants in the North Central and South Utility Buildings to meet current and future heating and cooling demands at Fort Gordon. As described in this document, the ability to meet these demands is based on providing utility services that are cost effective, efficient and reliable. The purpose of this report is to present four opportunities for Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) projects at Fort Gordon. Each ECIP consists of multiple Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs). Each ECIP and ECO is described in sufficient detail to support the application process for funding.

  18. Communication and the Adoption of Energy Conservation Measures by the Elderly

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Griffin

    1989-01-01

    A four-wave panel study was conducted in a Midwest community to determine the relationship of communication to adoption of energy conservation behavior among homeowners. Special attention was paid to the communication and energy use constraints faced by the elderly. Analysis indicates that younger respondents adopted actions to save energy in the home at a faster rate than did older respondents.

  19. Energy attitudes, beliefs, and behavior: a specification of situational and personal determinants of residential conservation behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hand

    1986-01-01

    Utilizing data from a mailed questionnaire of Knoxville and area residents (N = 286), this study examined a number of key issues in conceptualizing the relationship between situational and personal characteristics of residential energy consumers, conservation behavior, and energy use. The review of literature raises three issues in need of further analysis: (1) clarifying the link between knowledge of energy

  20. Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grossman, Andrew James

    The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

  1. District Level Plan for Conservation. An Outline for a District-Level Plan for Energy Conservation. Energy Conservation Materials Package Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Interstate Energy Conservation Leadership.

    Features shared by successful school energy conservation programs include: (1) the formation of a district energy conservation committee that involves as many segments of the educational community as practical, (2) the assignment of specific responsibilities to specific individuals, (3) careful planning in the development of guidelines, (4)…

  2. Energy conservation manual for builders in the Mid-Columbia Basin area

    SciTech Connect

    Mazzucchi, R.P.; Nieves, L.A.; Hopp, W.J.

    1981-03-01

    Results of a comprehensive cost-effectiveness evaluation of energy conservation measures currently available for use in typical residential buildings are presented. Section 2 discusses construction techniques for energy-efficient buildings and presents estimates of the cost of incorporating the conservation measures in the prototype building, the resultant annual energy savings, and the value of that annual energy savings based upon typical regional fuel prices. In Section 3 this information is summarized to prioritize conservation investments according to their economic effectiveness and offer general recommendations to home builders. Appendix A contains detailed information pertaining to the energy consumption calculations. Appendix B presents the methodology, assumptions, and results of a detail cash flow analysis of each of the conservation items for which sufficient performance and cost data are currently available. (MCW)

  3. Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation

    E-print Network

    Rissman, Adena

    Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation easements for wildlife conservation ADENA R. RISSMAN Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin

  4. Energy conservation and cost benefits in the dairy processing industry

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    1982-01-01

    Guidance is given on measuring energy consumption in the plant and pinpointing areas where energy-conservation activities can return the most favorable economics. General energy-conservation techniques applicable to most or all segments of the dairy processing industry, including the fluid milk segment, are emphasized. These general techniques include waste heat recovery, improvements in electric motor efficiency, added insulation, refrigeration improvements, upgrading of evaporators, and increases in boiler efficiency. Specific examples are given in which these techniques are applied to dairy processing plants. The potential for energy savings by cogeneration of process steam and electricity in the dairy industry is also discussed. Process changes primarily applicable to specific milk products which have resulted in significant energy cost savings at some facilities or which promise significant contributions in the future are examined. A summary checklist of plant housekeeping measures for energy conservation and guidelines for economic evaluation of conservation alternatives are provided. (MHR)

  5. Industrial Conservation Technology Energy Savings Monitoring System

    E-print Network

    Crowell, J. J.; Phipps, H. R., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    ) is described. Included are examples of the implementation steps using two industrial conservation technologies, a ceramic recuperator and a textile foam finishing technology. The paper concludes with a summary of the system benefits to government and industry....

  6. Selling Energy Conservation Projects to Top Management 

    E-print Network

    Jonsson, K. A.

    1983-01-01

    Conservation activities do not gain approval due to plant engineer's inability to properly prepare and present proposals for expenditure approval by top level management. Over the past several years the author has developed a successful format to obtain...

  7. Energy conservation in citrus processing. Final project report

    SciTech Connect

    Leo, M.A.; Lari, R.I.; Moore, N.R.; Broussard, M.R.; Gyamfi, M.

    1981-11-01

    Alternative energy conserving systems for use in citrus processing plants were synthesized and evaluated in terms of energy savings and economic return. The energy intensive operations that are carried out in citrus processing plants include conveying and extraction, concentration, peel drying, refrigeration, and pasteurization. The alternative energy conserving systems are synthesized from components and subsystems that are arranged to make use of energy cascading and thermodynamic regeneration to reduce the overall energy usage. System requirements such as air pollution rules and plant processing load cycles, a characterization of major operations, description of alternative system concepts, and the evaluation of alternative systems in terms of economic parameters and energy usage are identified.

  8. Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation

    E-print Network

    Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01

    Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation Tim Giebler. Mingsheng Liu, and David Claridge Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University Abstract Numerous energy conservation measures are being implemented into the air..., leaving the cold deck set point constant. Hot and cold deck reset schedules optimized according to outside air temperature have been studied and documented by Liu et a1 [3,4]. Knowledge of outside air dew point temperature or relative humidity can...

  9. Commercial and Industrial Energy Conservation Programs in Illinois

    E-print Network

    Thomas, S. K.

    1980-01-01

    by the end of 1979. i , 0" conservation practices, fuel switching opportunities INR developed a manual for a waste heat recover1 and renewable energy sources. Primary attention is program during 1979. I given to citizens, businesses and institutions most... and distributed audit manuals for ducted approximately 50 energy audits and made the following establishments and operations in energy conservation recommendations at commercial 1979: restaurants, supermarkets, department and industrial faci1ities throughout...

  10. Effects of television modeling on residential energy conservation

    PubMed Central

    Winett, Richard A.; Leckliter, Ingrid N.; Chinn, Donna E.; Stahl, Brian; Love, Susie Q.

    1985-01-01

    A combination of social marketing, communications, social learning (particularly modeling), and behavior analysis may provide an effective framework for behavior change via films and television. We used this approach in developing special television programs about residential energy conservation. The programs were tailored and directed to preselected middle-class homeowners (N = 150), and delivered over a public access channel of a cable TV system. The results indicated that after one program exposure (about 20 minutes), viewers adopted simple strategies modeled in the programs which led to savings of approximately 10% on their home energy use for a substantial part of the cooling and heating season. Although the potential benefits to costs of large-scale media efforts seemed great, institutional barriers for such programs were identified. Less expensive, more local programs seem more viable. PMID:16795683

  11. Financing residential energy conservation investment in the Northwest, 1985

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Fang; M. P. Hattrup; Nordi; D. L. Ivey

    1987-01-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has analyzed how households in the Pacific Northwest financed their investments in energy conservation measures during the 1983-85 period, how they would finance their likely future investments, and related topics regarding conservation investments and financing. The information was collected through a stratified random telephone survey of householders conducted in October\\/November 1985 in the Bonneville Power Administration

  12. Power Conditioning and Control Applications for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Brushwood, J. S.

    1982-01-01

    as possessing significant potential for energy conserving applications: switching power supplies, high frequency ballasts and AC synthesizers. On a national basis, it was estimated that industry could conserve 8.5, 42.2, 109.7 terawatt-hrs. (1012 watt...

  13. Energy conservation techniques for disk array-based servers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Pinheiro; Ricardo Bianchini

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we study energy conservation techniques for disk array-based network servers. First, we introduce a new conservation technique, called Popular Data Concentration (PDC), that migrates frequently accessed data to a subset of the disks. The goal is to skew the load towards a few of the disks, so that others can be transitioned to low-power modes. Next, we

  14. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  15. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  16. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  17. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  18. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  19. 13 CFR 120.330 - Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan? 120.330 Section 120...LOANS Special Purpose Loans Energy Conservation § 120.330 Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan? SBA may make or...

  20. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  1. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  2. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  3. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  4. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  5. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  6. The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC) is CTI's platform for collaboration with industry and

    E-print Network

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    Purpose The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC) is CTI's platform Development & Training · Environmental Technology · Water Management Conservation & Renewable Energy Solutions http://collaboratory.asu.edu The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC

  7. 77 FR 48108 - Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers: Public Meeting and Availability of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ...whether to amend the energy and water conservation standards for commercial clothes...considering amended energy and water conservation standards for commercial clothes...need for national energy and water conservation; and (7) Other factors...

  8. 40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section 73.81 Protection...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation...

  9. 40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section 73.81 Protection...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation...

  10. 40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section 73.81 Protection...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation...

  11. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  12. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  13. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  14. Energy as a Framework for Prioritizing Conservation Vulnerabilities and Management Strategies

    E-print Network

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    Energy as a Framework for Prioritizing Conservation Vulnerabilities and Management Strategies - trophic structure - evolutionary processes - available energy. Theoretical Roots of Conservation Biology of Conservation Biology #12;· A framework to grouping ecological systems based on ecosystem energy and habitat

  15. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  16. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  17. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  18. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  19. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  20. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  1. Advances in energy conservation of China steel industry.

    PubMed

    Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

    2013-01-01

    The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980-2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011-2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

  2. State and local government assistance program energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, C.C.; Hanks, J.; Razi, P.S.

    1997-06-01

    State and local government buildings usually are among the largest single energy consumers. Much of this energy is inefficiently used. In order to assist units of state and local government to better manage their usage and save tax dollars, the Department of Energy and the Department of Natural Resources in Louisiana is implementing the State and Local Government Assistance Program - Energy Conservation. The actual work has been conducted by the License Professional Engineers from Southern University. The energy audit is one of the first steps to perform when initiating an effective energy conservation program. Most of the energy-saving projects resulting from a thorough audit will provide the energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) that will reduce energy usage. There are, however, many reasons to promote efficient energy use. Foremost among these are the need for government to set a good example, the need to reduce adverse environmental impact. The experienced auditor plays a key role in the successful energy conservation program and also helps promote the concept of modern energy conservation. This paper discusses the problems in the audit process and solutions, the computer calculation method used in their ECOs, and the results of their three year study in State and Local Government Buildings. Topics are presented through a discussion in a typical example and summary in the results of their computer simulation.

  3. Potential cost savings from investments in energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect

    Patton, W.P.; Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.; Sherman, K.L.

    1982-10-01

    A comparative analysis is presented of the levelized costs of selected irrigation systems, with an emphasis on the costs and benefits of energy savings. The net economic benefits are evaluated, measured as energy cost savings minus additional capital and operating costs, of some energy-conserving systems. Energy use in irrigation and descriptions of both the conventional and the energy-saving technologies involved in the analysis are discussed. The approach used in the analysis is outlined, and comparative analysis results are discussed. Detailed cost information is presented by state. (LEW)

  4. Conservation of Energy: Home and School. Grades 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Alice Ann; And Others

    Four energy conservation concept areas are developed in this unit: (1) energy resources are many and varied and have evolved over a long period of history; (2) as much as 30 to 50 percent of the energy in the United States is wasted; (3) homes, offices, and schools account for 24 percent of total energy consumption and savings can be made through…

  5. Summary of UTMB O&M Project: Energy Conservation Potential in Five Buildings

    E-print Network

    Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Reddy, T. A.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1993-01-01

    ESL-TR-93/10-03 LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program Summary of UTMB O&M Project: ENERGY CONSERVATION POTENTIAL IN FIVE BUILDINGS Submitted to the Texas State Energy Conservation Office By the Monitoring and Analysis Task E (O&M) Dr. Mingsheng... Building: 10 4.4 Moody Library Building: 11 4.5 John Sealy South Building: 12 5. OTHER O&M MEASURES 13 5.1 Delamping at the John Sealy South Building 13 5.2 Using Economizer Cycle at the Moody Library Building 14 6. POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS 15 7. MEASURED...

  6. 10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

  7. 10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

  8. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  9. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  10. 10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

  11. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

  12. 10 CFR Appendix C to Part 436 - General Operations Energy Conservation Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General Operations Energy Conservation Measures C Appendix C to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS...

  13. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

  14. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  15. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  16. Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 8: Building Construction Versus Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

    This module is the eighth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 9-11). The objective of this module is to train students…

  17. User-Oriented Software for Energy Conservation with Personal Computers

    E-print Network

    Schmidt, P. S.; Fischer, D. B.; Barr, C. L.

    1982-01-01

    Personal computers offer the potential for significantly easing the task of energy conservation engineering and management. Effective use of these powerful tools, however, requires good software. This paper describes a number of techniques...

  18. Conservation of Energy Through Engineered Specification and Onsite Review 

    E-print Network

    Wartan, W. J.

    1985-01-01

    There is more to conservation of energy than the thickness of insulation and the materials specified. Process temperature, environment, expected life, etc., must be considered. The dimensions of the insulation must be determined early in the design...

  19. Achieving Energy Conservation in Poisson-Boltzmann Molecular Dynamics

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Hongkai

    1 Achieving Energy Conservation in Poisson-Boltzmann Molecular Dynamics: Accuracy and Precision important for their structures, dynamics, and functions. Efficient molecular dynamics simulation most particles in molecular dynamics are to represent water molecules solvating the target biomolecules

  20. ON ENERGY CONSERVATION OF THE SIMPLIFIED TAKAHASHI-IMADA METHOD.

    PubMed

    Hairer, Ernst; McLachlan, Robert I; Skeel, Robert D

    2009-07-01

    In long-time numerical integration of Hamiltonian systems, and especially in molecular dynamics simulation, it is important that the energy is well conserved. For symplectic integrators applied with sufficiently small step size, this is guaranteed by the existence of a modified Hamiltonian that is exactly conserved up to exponentially small terms. This article is concerned with the simplified Takahashi-Imada method, which is a modification of the Störmer-Verlet method that is as easy to implement but has improved accuracy. This integrator is symmetric and volume-preserving, but no longer symplectic. We study its long-time energy conservation and give theoretical arguments, supported by numerical experiments, which show the possibility of a drift in the energy (linear or like a random walk). With respect to energy conservation, this article provides empirical and theoretical data concerning the importance of using a symplectic integrator. PMID:20539750

  1. User-Oriented Software for Energy Conservation with Personal Computers 

    E-print Network

    Schmidt, P. S.; Fischer, D. B.; Barr, C. L.

    1982-01-01

    Personal computers offer the potential for significantly easing the task of energy conservation engineering and management. Effective use of these powerful tools, however, requires good software. This paper describes a ...

  2. The Coupled Pendulum--A Demonstration of Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Record, Daniel J.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a classroom demonstration that illustrates the Law of Conservation of Energy. The demonstration utilizes a coupled pendulum device that can easily be constructed from ordinary monofilament fishing line and two metal pendulum bobs. (HM)

  3. On the role of NLL corrections and Energy Conservation in the High Energy Evolution of QCD

    E-print Network

    Jeppe R. Andersen

    2006-02-27

    We present a new method for solving the BFKL evolution applicable at both leading and next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy, and tailored to the study of QCD multi-jet events at colliders. We utilise this to discuss corrections to the standard analysis. There are known, large corrections from energy and momentum conservation. We show that, despite claims to the contrary in the literature, these are unrelated to the next-to-leading logarithmic corrections to the evolution kernel.

  4. Resource Conservation. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    Developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives in Ohio, this document is a comprehensive and verified employer competency profile for resource conservation occupations. The list contains units (with and without subunits), competencies, and competency…

  5. Is energy conservation fire-safe. Technical report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melott

    1978-01-01

    This paper is an overview of the existing and potential fire problems associated with (or likely to be associated with) energy-conservation efforts in structures. Among the topics discussed are some of the known fire problems related to such energy-conservation measures as: the manufacture and use of combustible insulation; the improper (from a fire-safety viewpoint) installation of insulation; the return to

  6. Cooling Towers - Energy Conservation and Money Making Mechanisms 

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    1981-01-01

    COOLING TOWERS - ENERGY CONSERVATION AND MONEY MAKING MECHANISMS Robert Burger Burger Associates, Inc. Dallas, Texas The utilization of colder water conserves energy, creates profits, increases product output. In an effort to obtain greater... Calculations, Chapter 8. HCooling Tower Technology" Textbook, Burger, Robert, 1979. 6. Certified CTI Test Report by Midwest Re search Institute Dated 6-12-75. Complete Report Available Upon Request. 7. Munters Corporation, "Counterflow and Cro...

  7. Refinery Energy Conservation Experience with Enhanced Surface Reboilers 

    E-print Network

    Ragi, E. G.; O'Neill, P. S.

    1981-01-01

    REFINERY ENERGY CONSERVATION EXPERIENCE WITH ENHANCED SURFACE REB OILERS E. G. Ragi, P. S. O'Neill Union Carbide Corporation Linde Division Tonawanda, New York ABSTRACT Examples of refinery services where existing re boilers were retubed... in various applications for energy conservation, as reported in the literature. Examples of efficient heat and mass transfer equipment are Union Carbide High Flux tubing (6, 7, 8) and Multiple Downcomer (MD) trays (9). High Flux tubing contains a thin...

  8. Coordinated Energy Conservation in Ad Hoc Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Selma Ikiz; Vinit A. Ogale; Vijay K. Garg

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new power conservation scheme for multi-hop ad hoc networks. A virtual backbone consisting of special nodes (coordinators) is used for the power saving algorithm and routing. We present a new distributed algo- rithm for constructing a connected dominating set (CDS) that is used to construct and maintain the virtual backbone of the network. Our scheme includes

  9. Energy conservation through building design. Citations from the engineering index data base

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Hundemann

    1978-01-01

    This bibliography contains 72 abstracts. Energy conservation through design of both residential and nonresidential buildings is discussed. Topic areas cover solar radiation considerations in building planning and design, daylighting and window design, use of computer graphics for building energy analysis, design of ventilation and air flow systems in new buildings, and architectural design concepts. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred

  10. Self-Selection Bias in the Evaluation of Voluntary Energy Conservation Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond S. Hartman

    1988-01-01

    While voluntary energy conservation programs have been extensively promoted by electric utilities and public utility commissions, their effectiveness has been insufficiently critiqued. This paper contributes to the growing evaluation of such programs by measuring the net energy savings directly attributable to an actual set of programs. The analysis explicitly \\

  11. Supplementing Conservation Practices with Alternative Energy Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraetsch, Gayla A.

    1981-01-01

    Universities and colleges have two major roles: to reduce their own energy consumption and costs, and to develop and test new energy options. Alternative energy sources considered include solar energy, wind power, biomass, hydropower, ocean energy, geothermal heat, coal, and nuclear energy. (MLW)

  12. Plant engineers and managers guide to energy conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thumann

    1987-01-01

    The text covers both management and technical strategies which can be utilized to slash energy costs by up to 40%. Topics include life cycle costing, electrical and HVAC system optimization, mechanical and process system efficiency improvement, methods to reduce building energy losses, and guidelines for establishing an effective energy conservation-oriented maintenance program. A new chapter on cogeneration covers how to

  13. Plant engineers and managers guide to energy conservation. Fourth edition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thumann

    1989-01-01

    This book covers both management and technical strategies which can be utilized to slash energy costs by up to 40%. Topics include life cycle costing, electrical and HVAC system optimization, mechanical and process system efficiency improvement, cogeneration, methods to reduce building energy losses, and guidelines for establishing an effective energy conservation-oriented maintenance program. The latest technological advances for reducing the

  14. Basic Energy Conservation and Management--Part 2: HVAC

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Glenn

    2012-01-01

    Reducing school district energy expenditures has become a universal goal, and new technologies have brought greater energy efficiencies to the school environment. In Part 1 of this two-part series, the author discussed the steps required to establish an energy conservation and management program with an emphasis on lighting. In this article, he…

  15. Energy conservation in small meat, poultry and dairy processing plants

    SciTech Connect

    Hausen, C.L.; Fields, E.L.; Huff, R.C.

    1983-06-01

    Energy audits were performed in twenty-three small (generally under 50 employees) meat, poultry and dairy processing plants. Energy conservation opportunities with the greatest potential for net gain in a plant are listed and discussed. Relationships between product throughput and energy consumption are reported.

  16. Energy Conservation. The Best of ERIC, Number 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    The 13 articles in this annotated bibliography cover a wide range of concerns from the finances of energy conservation to solar energy applications, to building design, to building maintenance, and to the role of the science teacher as an energy analyst and activist. (IRT)

  17. *indicates change 1 BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    *indicates change 1 BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION.ENERGY.CA.GOV IN THE MATTER OF THE COMPLAINT AGAINST DYOCORE, INC. BROUGHT BY Docket No. 11-CAI-03 ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF Pierce, Jr. c/o Robert F. Kane Law Offices of Robert F. Kane 870 Market Street, Suite 1128 San Francisco

  18. Module 3: Energy Conservation in Agriculture: Part 1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Eastern Iowa Community College provides this learning module to teach students about energy conservation in agriculture, lighting efficiency, efficient equipment, efficient tillage practices, and a number of other topics related to agricultural energy. Users can download a zip file in which they will find a syllabus, student handouts, Energy Log activity, and 65 slide PowerPoint presentation.

  19. An energy conservation case study: Union Carbide Corporate Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1996-01-01

    In the design and operation of any building, the consumption of energy is an important consideration. Though a building may have been designed with excellent energy conserving features, the operating staff holds the key to the successful administration of the facility. Some energy efficient buildings never operate as designed because of improper commissioning, lack of staff training, poor maintenance, and\\/or

  20. On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws

    E-print Network

    On the Noether Derivation of the Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws Alain J. Brizard. Tronko, Exact momentum conservation laws for the gyrokinetic Vlasov-Poisson equations, submitted Variational Principles · Gyrokinetic Energy-Momentum Conservation Laws · Gyrokinetic Angular Momentum