Science.gov

Sample records for energy conservation analysis

  1. Thermodynamic Analysis for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Kenney, W. F.

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes a methodology for performing a thermodynamic analysis of a process, and it demonstrates how such a study can be useful in identifying areas in the process with the greatest potential for improvement in energy use. The basis is a...

  2. 76 FR 9696 - Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards Analysis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ... Parts 430 and 431 Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards Analysis AGENCY: Office... technical improvements its energy conservation standards rulemaking analysis, and requests comment on corresponding revisions to the analysis for energy conservation standards for refrigerators,...

  3. Training Manual for the Energy Conservation Analysis Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Cooperative Extension Service.

    This document is the Massachusetts Energy Extension Service training manual for Residential Energy Auditors. This manual is part of a four-week program to train persons to perform home energy audits and was developed under the Energy Conservation Analysis Project (ECAP) at the University of Massachusetts. The chapter titles include: (1) Project…

  4. Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, J.M.; Tawil, J.J.

    1980-12-01

    Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) were mandated by the Energy Conservation Standards for New Buildings Act of 1976 (Title III of Energy Conservation and Production Act) to promote energy efficiency and the use of renewable resources in new buildings. The report analyzes alternative Federal strategies and their component policy instruments and recommends a strategy for achieving the goals of the Act. The concern is limited to space conditioning (heating, cooling, and lighting) and water heating. The policy instruments considered include greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are then described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) BEPS with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings. (MCW)

  5. A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    A network-based modeling framework for stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign Available online 13 July 2011 Keywords: Energy conservation Policy-making Stakeholder analysis Network, the stakeholder analysis of China's energy conservation campaign still has been under-developed. This paper

  6. Energy conserving Anisotropic Anhysteretic Magnetic Modelling for Finite Element Analysis

    E-print Network

    Jens Krause

    2012-12-20

    To model ferromagnetic material in finite element analysis a correct description of the constitutive relationship (BH-law) must be found from measured data. This article proposes to use the energy density function as a centrepiece. Using this function, which turns out to be a convex function of the flux density, guarantees energy conservative modelling. The magnetic field strength can be seen as a derivative with respect to the flux density. Especially for anisotropic materials (from lamination and/or grain orientation) this method has advantages. Strictly speaking this method is only valid for anhysteretic and thermodynamically stable material.

  7. Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Education Association, Toronto (Ontario).

    A questionnaire distributed in March 1977 to 71 Canadian school systems sought information on any energy conservation programs that the school boards might have undertaken. Based on the 43 replies received, a 60 percent response rate, the findings are reported and some suggestions are offered. The first section on energy conservation at the board…

  8. Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Energy Conservation and Greenhouse Gas Management Solutions

    E-print Network

    Pike, Ralph W.

    ) algorithm. The Cogeneration Design System examines corporate energy use in multiple plants and determines wide analysis is made on impact of merchant power plants and tightening emission standards19f Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Energy Conservation

  9. Models for residential-and commercial-sector energy conservation analysis: Applications, limitations, and future potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, H. E.; Fuller, R. E.

    1980-09-01

    Four of the major models used by DOE for energy conservation analyses in the residential and commercial building sectors are reviewed and critically analyzed to determine how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. The most effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy conservation policy and analysis is assessed. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

  10. Conserving energy in new buildings: analysis of nonregulatory policies

    SciTech Connect

    Scheer, R.M.; Nieves, L.A.; Mazzucchi, R.P.

    1981-05-01

    The costs and effectiveness of non-regulatory options relative to those of a regulatory approach are analyzed. Nonregulatory program alternatives identified are: information and education programs, tax incentives and disincentives, and mortage and finance programs. Chapter 2 briefly reviews survey data to assess present public awareness of energy issues and energy-efficient building design. Homebuyer and homebuilder surveys are reviewed and conservation motivations are discussed. Chapter 3 examines the provision of technical and economic information to various factors affecting building design decisions. This approach assumes that the economic incentives and technical means to achieve energy conservation goals already exist but that critical information is lacking. Chapter 4 examines how adjustments to the tax structure could enhance economic incentives and counter economic disincentives for energy conservation. Qualifying buildings for tax benefits would almost certainly require certification of design energy consumption. The effectiveness of tax incentives would depend in part on dissemination of public information regarding the incentives. Chapter 5 examines subsidies, such as subsidized mortgages and loan guarantees, which lower the cost of money or other costs but do not change the market structure facing the consumer. Certification that buildings qualify for such treatment would probably be required. Chapter 6 presents recommendations based on the study's findings. (MCW)

  11. Energy Conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, P.

    1995-06-01

    There are two fundamental reasons or motivations for energy conservation: (1) economics; and (2) consideration of energy - its sources and availability. Economics speaks for itself and needs little explanation: a project is undertaken, the cost is recovered in a given period of time (we hope) and our company realizes cost savings thereafter. We study and propose a project; we estimate the payback. If approved, we implement the project. Then, we eagerly watch for its effectiveness - for the proposed payback. The second consideration in regard to energy conservation might - in the foreseeable future - become by far the most important - that of availability. Very knowledgeable persons have stated that this - in reality - is the most serious problem facing our nation today. Readily available, reasonably priced energy has given to the US the high form of living experienced today. An interruption in this flow could catapult our nation in an awesome catastrophe. The energy shortage of the late 70`s might be a forerunner of such an experience.

  12. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program 

    E-print Network

    Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

    1988-01-01

    conservation opportunities (ECOs) in 15 energy audits, an average of seven ECOs per audit. The 109 recommendations are divided into four groups: Electrical Energy ECOs, Natural Gas ECOs, Non-Energy Saving ECOs, and Opportunity ECOs. This paper... will briefly discuss the EADC method of energy auditing and reporting, the four groups of ECOs in detail, and the implementation of the ECOs. INTRODUCTION Texas A&M University is one of 13 universities in the nation that operates an Energy Analysis...

  13. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    1990-10-01

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  14. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  15. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah

    SciTech Connect

    Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

    2009-05-01

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

  16. Energy: Conservation, Energy Briefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nation's Schools and Colleges, 1975

    1975-01-01

    A comprehensive energy conservation program at College of the Holy Cross has saved nearly one-third of the fuel oil and one-fifth of the electricity used at the college; briefs on boilers, lights, design. (Author/MLF)

  17. Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center 

    E-print Network

    Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1993-01-01

    The Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features, including a photovoltaic system, solar hot water system, energy efficient lighting, and energy efficient heat...

  18. Investigating the Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Video Analysis: Four Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, J. A.

    2010-01-01

    Inexpensive video analysis technology now enables students to make precise measurements of an object's position at incremental times during its motion. Such capability now allows users to "examine", rather than simply "assume", energy conservation in a variety of situations commonly discussed in introductory physics courses. This article describes…

  19. Models for residential- and commercial-sector energy-conservation analysis: applications, limitations, and future potential. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Cole, Henry E.; Fullen, Robert E.

    1980-09-01

    This report reviews four of the major models used by the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy conservation analyses in the residential- and commercial-building sectors. The objective is to provide a critical analysis of how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. For this, the study brings together information on the models' analytical structure and their strengths and limitations in policy applications these are then employed to assess the most-effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy-conservation policy and analysis. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

  20. Energy conservation standards for new federal residential buildings: A decision analysis study using relative value discounting

    SciTech Connect

    Harvey, C. . Coll. of Business Administration); Merkhofer, M.M.; Hamm, G.L. )

    1990-07-02

    This report presents a reassessment of the proposed standard for energy conservation in new federal residential buildings. The analysis uses the data presented in the report, Economic Analysis: In Support of Interim Energy Conservation Standards for New Federal Residential Buildings (June 1988)-to be referred to as the EASIECS report. The reassessment differs from that report in several respects. In modeling factual information, it uses more recent forecasts of future energy prices and it uses data from the Bureau of the Census in order to estimate the distribution of lifetimes of residential buildings rather than assuming a hypothetical 25-year lifetime. In modeling social preferences decision analysis techniques are used in order to examine issues of public values that often are not included in traditional cost-benefit analyses. The present report concludes that the public would benefit from the proposed standard. Several issues of public values regarding energy use are illustrated with methods to include them in a formal analysis of a proposed energy policy. The first issue places a value on costs and benefits that will occur in the future as an irreversible consequence of current policy choices. This report discusses an alternative method, called relative value discounting which permits flexible discounting of future events-and the possibility of placing greater values on future events. The second issue places a value on the indirect benefits of energy savings so that benefits accrue to everyone rather than only to the person who saves the energy. This report includes non-zero estimates of the indirect benefits. The third issue is how the costs and benefits discussed in a public policy evaluation should be compared. In summary, selection of individual projects with larger benefit to cost ratios leads to a portfolio of projects with the maximum benefit to cost difference. 30 refs., 6 figs., 16 tabs. (JF)

  1. 76 FR 9696 - Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards Analysis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ...EE-2008-BT-STD-0012] Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards...EE-2J, Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards...as well as from the Energy Information Administration...EIA). Historical price or cost data for...

  2. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-09-30

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  3. Home Energy Conservation Primer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLuca, V. William; And Others

    This guide was prepared to support a program of training for community specialists in contemporary and practical techniques of home energy conservation. It is designed to assist professionals in efficient operation of energy conservation programs and to provide ideas for expanding education operations. Eight major sections are presented: (1)…

  4. Communication and Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeod, Jack M.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Reports on the results of a survey of homeowners in two Wisconsin communities which examined the relationship of media use to a set of cognitive, attitudinal, and behavioral components of energy conservation. Suggests that conservation campaigns take into account communication patterns and energy use of specific groups of consumers. (TW)

  5. Major models and data sources for residential and commercial sector energy conservation analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    Major models and data sources are reviewed that can be used for energy-conservation analysis in the residential and commercial sectors to provide an introduction to the information that can or is available to DOE in order to further its efforts in analyzing and quantifying their policy and program requirements. Models and data sources examined in the residential sector are: ORNL Residential Energy Model; BECOM; NEPOOL; MATH/CHRDS; NIECS; Energy Consumption Data Base: Household Sector; Patterns of Energy Use by Electrical Appliances Data Base; Annual Housing Survey; 1970 Census of Housing; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; RECS; Solar Market Development Model; and ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book. Models and data sources examined in the commercial sector are: ORNL Commercial Sector Model of Energy Demand; BECOM; NEPOOL; Energy Consumption Data Base: Commercial Sector; F.W. Dodge Data Base; NFIB Energy Report for Small Businesses; ADL Commercial Sector Energy Use Data Base; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; Nonresidential Buildings Surveys of Energy Consumption; General Electric Co: Commercial Sector Data Base; The BOMA Commercial Sector Data Base; The Tishman-Syska and Hennessy Data Base; The NEMA Commercial Sector Data Base; ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book; and Solar Market Development Model. Purpose; basis for model structure; policy variables and parameters; level of regional, sectoral, and fuels detail; outputs; input requirements; sources of data; computer accessibility and requirements; and a bibliography are provided for each model and data source.

  6. Commitment and energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Pallak, M.S.; Cook, D.A.; Sullivan, J.J.

    1980-01-01

    The authors discuss the process of becoming committed to energy conservation research, then describe practical issues of field research and several data sets on household energy conservation. Their results show that taking a stand affected behavior in reducing the levels of natural gas and electricity usage, with the effect continuing even after the study ended. Although based on the assumption that homeowners were initially favorable toward energy conservation, the studies suggest that energy-related behavior is malleable and amenable to approaches familiar to psychologists. The study indicates that feedback on energy use during peak seasons could help to avoid power shortages. 16 references, 6 tables.

  7. Mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy.

    SciTech Connect

    Spletzer, Barry Louis; Nho, Hyuchul C.; Salton, Jonathan Robert

    2007-08-01

    In the past decade, a great deal of effort has been focused in research and development of versatile robotic ground vehicles without understanding their performance in a particular operating environment. As the usage of robotic ground vehicles for intelligence applications increases, understanding mobility of the vehicles becomes critical to increase the probability of their successful operations. This paper describes a framework based on conservation of energy to predict the maximum mobility of robotic ground vehicles over general terrain. The basis of the prediction is the difference between traction capability and energy loss at the vehicle-terrain interface. The mission success of a robotic ground vehicle is primarily a function of mobility. Mobility of a vehicle is defined as the overall capability of a vehicle to move from place to place while retaining its ability to perform its primary mission. A mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy is described in this document. The tool is a graphical user interface application. The mobility analysis tool has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. The tool is at an initial stage of development. In the future, the tool will be expanded to include all vehicles and terrain types.

  8. Energy Conservation Simplified

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hecht, Eugene

    2008-01-01

    The standard formulation of energy conservation involves the subsidiary ideas of kinetic energy ("KE"), work ("W"), thermal energy, internal energy, and a half-dozen different kinds of potential energy ("PE"): elastic, chemical, nuclear, gravitational, and so forth. These quantities came to be recognized during the centuries over which the…

  9. Energy Management and Conservation Plan

    E-print Network

    Energy Management and Conservation Plan December 2005 #12;Texas Transportation Institute December: Reporting Progress #12;Texas Transportation Institute December 2005 Energy Management and Conservation Plan Institute (TTI) has been committed to reducing energy consumption, conserving water and recycling since

  10. Evaluation and Analysis of GreenHDFS: A Self-Adaptive, Energy-Conserving Variant of the Hadoop Distributed File System

    E-print Network

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Evaluation and Analysis of GreenHDFS: A Self-Adaptive, Energy-Conserving Variant of the Hadoop@cs.uiuc.edu Abstract We present a detailed evaluation and sensitivity anal- ysis of an energy-conserving, highly-classification driven energy-conserving data placement to realize guaranteed, substantially long periods (several days

  11. The effects of feedback on energy conservation: A meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Karlin, Beth; Zinger, Joanne F; Ford, Rebecca

    2015-11-01

    Feedback has been studied as a strategy for promoting energy conservation for more than 30 years, with studies reporting widely varying results. Literature reviews have suggested that the effectiveness of feedback depends on both how and to whom it is provided; yet variations in both the type of feedback provided and the study methodology have made it difficult for conclusions to be drawn. The current article analyzes past theoretical and empirical research on both feedback and proenvironmental behavior to identify unresolved issues, and utilizes a meta-analysis of 42 feedback studies published between 1976 and 2010 to test a set of hypotheses about when and how feedback about energy usage is most effective. Results indicate that feedback is effective overall, r = .071, p < .001, but with significant variation in effects (r varied from -.080 to .480). Several treatment variables were found to moderate this relationship, including frequency, medium, comparison message, duration, and combination with other interventions (e.g., goal, incentive). Overall, results provide further evidence of feedback as a promising strategy to promote energy conservation and suggest areas in which future research should focus to explore how and for whom feedback is most effective. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26390265

  12. Potential For Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Kumar, A.

    1981-01-01

    The largest single area for industrial energy conservation is in the improvement of combustion efficiencies for heaters and boilers. A number of methods can be employed to recover heat. The most common are by use of recuperative air preheaters...

  13. Energy conservation in distillation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mix, T. W.; Dweck, J. S.; Weinberg, M.; Armstrong, R. C.

    1981-07-01

    An audit of major industrial and processes and key colums in each major process indicated that approximately twoquads of energy were consumed for distillation in the US in 1976. Energy usage by industry is included: petroleum refineries, 66% chemical (including petrochemical) industry, 29% natural gas liquids processing, 5%. Techniques and current practices for conserving distillation energy are reviewed, and guidelines indicating those process conditons which favor the use of each energy conserving technique are enumerated. Expressions for payout time for tray and control retrofit options are developed based on energy savings and increased throughput. Calculations for industrial colums suggested that both types of retrofits would frequently have short (,6 months) payout times based on either criterion. Extractive distillation is also discussed, and criteria enabling the estimation of the energy which may be conserved using this technique are developed. Good housekeeping practices and field techniques for checking the energy efficiency of industrial distillations are also discussed.

  14. The NASA Energy Conservation Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffney, G. P.

    1977-01-01

    Large energy-intensive research and test equipment at NASA installations is identified, and methods for reducing energy consumption outlined. However, some of the research facilities are involved in developing more efficient, fuel-conserving aircraft, and tradeoffs between immediate and long-term conservation may be necessary. Major programs for conservation include: computer-based systems to automatically monitor and control utility consumption; a steam-producing solid waste incinerator; and a computer-based cost analysis technique to engineer more efficient heating and cooling of buildings. Alternate energy sources in operation or under evaluation include: solar collectors; electric vehicles; and ultrasonically emulsified fuel to attain higher combustion efficiency. Management support, cooperative participation by employees, and effective reporting systems for conservation programs, are also discussed.

  15. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Option for the Warehouse Facility at the Human Services Center Complex 

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use of the warehouse facility at the Human Services Center Complex in Austin, Texas was analyzed using the DOE-2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for each building as specified in the building plans provided...

  16. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Addition to Records Storage Building 

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use and peak load requirements of the addition to Records Storage Building in Austin, Texas were analyzed using the DOE 2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for the building as specified in schematic designs...

  17. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mesa, Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-03-31

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the 2003 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of $145 a year for an average new house compared to the 2003 IECC. This energy cost saving decreases to $125 a year for the 2009 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Construction cost increases (per home) for complying with the 2009 IECC are estimated at $1256 relative to the 2003 IECC and $800 for 2006 IECC. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of about $80 a year by complying with the 2009 IECC because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  18. Course Description for Spring 2009 offering: GE 520/ME500: Analysis of Energy Conservation/Supply Alternatives: Boston University case study

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xi

    /Supply Alternatives: Boston University case study This course will continue the analysis of energy use at BU with a goal of identifying, evaluating, and implementing specific conservation and energy alternativesCourse Description for Spring 2009 offering: GE 520/ME500: Analysis of Energy Conservation

  19. Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians Energy Conservation and Options Analysis - Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Paul Turner

    2008-07-11

    The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant through the Department of Energy First Steps program in June of 2006. The primary purpose of the grant was to enable the Tribe to develop energy conservation policies and a strategy for alternative energy resource development. All of the work contemplated by the grant agreement has been completed and the Tribe has begun implementing the resource development strategy through the construction of a 1.0 MW grid-connected photovoltaic system designed to offset a portion of the energy demand generated by current and projected land uses on the Tribe’s Reservation. Implementation of proposed energy conservation policies will proceed more deliberately as the Tribe acquires economic development experience sufficient to evaluate more systematically the interrelationships between conservation and its economic development goals.

  20. Motor Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple motor inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: High Efficiency Motor retrofit and Cogged V-belts retrofit. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  1. Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presley, Michael H.; And Others

    This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

  2. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program 

    E-print Network

    Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

    1988-01-01

    INDUSTRIAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE September 13-15, 1988 Adam's Mark Hotel Houston, Texas W.D.Turner Conference Director Technical Program Director Susan K. Gibson Proceedings Editor TEES Information Services Graphics & Layout Sponsored by Energy Systems... Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University Texas Governor's Energy Management Center Louisiana Department of Natural Resources Center for Energy and Mineral Resources, Texas A&M University FIRST YEAR ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL ENERGY...

  3. Collaborative Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Toronto, University of

    is u0 = 0. The optimal schedule can be computed by using Dijkstra's algorithm to solve a shortest pathCollaborative Energy Conservation in a Microgrid Mohit Jain mohitjain@in.ibm.com IBM Research India a UI to choose when they want to use a particular secondary appliance DG Optimizer A software that uses

  4. Energy-conservation indicators

    SciTech Connect

    Belzer, D.B.

    1982-06-01

    A series of Energy Conservation Indicators were developed for the Department of Energy to assist in the evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. As descriptive statistics that signify current conditions and trends related to efficiency of energy use, indicators provide a way of measuring, monitoring, or inferring actual responses by consumers in markets for energy services. Related sets of indicators are presented in some 30 one-page indicator summaries. Indicators are shown graphically, followed by several paragraphs that explain their derivation and highlight key findings. Indicators are classified according to broad end-use sectors: Aggregate (economy), Residential, Commercial, Industrial, and transportation. In most cases annual time series information is presented covering the period 1960 through 1981.

  5. Motivating People to Conserve Energy--Energy Conservation Education 

    E-print Network

    Cobb, D. L.; Jackson F.M.

    1979-01-01

    conservation program is to motivate employees to eliminate waste with existing equipment. The first hurdle of any energy conservation program is to modernize the attitudes of the entire organization regarding the cost of energy. This is accomplished through...

  6. 78 FR 14717 - Energy Conservation Standards for Set-Top Boxes: Availability of Initial Analysis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ...-hours (kWh) per year. 76 FR 34914 (June 15, 2011). \\1\\ For editorial reasons, upon codification in the U... potential energy conservation standards for set-top boxes. 76 FR 78174. DOE held a public meeting on January..., DOE published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) for a set-top box test procedure. 78 FR 5075....

  7. Energy conservation and analysis and evaluation. [specifically at Slidell Computer Complex

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The survey assembled and made recommendations directed at conserving utilities and reducing the use of energy at the Slidell Computer Complex. Specific items included were: (1) scheduling and controlling the use of gas and electricity, (2) building modifications to reduce energy, (3) replacement of old, inefficient equipment, (4) modifications to control systems, (5) evaluations of economizer cycles in HVAC systems, and (6) corrective settings for thermostats, ductstats, and other temperature and pressure control devices.

  8. Energy conservation in museums

    SciTech Connect

    Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

    1980-07-01

    An overall assessment of energy conservation in museums in New York is made in view of the special environmental considerations involved. The special relative humidity, temperature, and lighting requirements of museums were studied extensively. An energy consumption data base was formed with actual energy use data obtained from over fifty institutions across the state. The computerized energy consumption data base compiled covers an extremely wide range of energy usage levels. On-site energy consumption ranged from approximately 20,000 to 400,000 Btu/ft/sup 2/ year. The data base includes small rural institutions and large metropolitan museums, historic and modern structures, seasonal and year-round museums, single buildings and collections of buildings, single-story buildings and multiple-story buildings, an aquarium, and a zoo. Thus, it is difficult to identify trends in the energy consumption data and to make correlations with such parameters as age, type, size, etc. Walk-through or mini energy audits were performed on ten museums located in various parts of New York State. This project also included a thorough study of all potential funding sources to which museums can apply for financing energy conservation measures. Sources of technical assistance and information were also identified. (MCW)

  9. LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Lab IV - 1 LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY In this lab you will begin to use the principle of conservation of energy to determine the motion resulting from interactions that are difficult to analyze using force concepts alone. You will explore how conservation of energy is applied to real interactions. Keep

  10. Industrial Energy Conservation Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 55 papers presented in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 18 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

  11. Industrial energy conservation technology

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, P.S.; Williams, M.A.

    1980-01-01

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 60 papers included in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 21 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

  12. Why not energy conservation?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlson, Shawn

    2016-01-01

    Energy conservation is a deep principle that is obeyed by all of the fundamental forces of nature. It puts stringent constraints on all systems, particularly systems that are ‘isolated,’ meaning that no energy can enter or escape. Notwithstanding the success of the principle of stationary action, it is fair to wonder to what extent physics can be formulated from the principle of stationary energy. We show that if one interprets mechanical energy as a state function, then its stationarity leads to a novel formulation of classical mechanics. However, unlike Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, which deliver their state functions via algebraic proscriptions (i.e., the Lagrangian is always the difference between a system’s kinetic and potential energies), this new formalism identifies its state functions as the solutions to a differential equation. This is an important difference because differential equations can generate more general solutions than algebraic recipes. When applied to Newtonian systems for which the energy function is separable, these state functions are always the mechanical energy. However, while the stationary state function for a charged particle moving in an electromagnetic field proves not to be energy, the function nevertheless correctly encodes the dynamics of the system. Moreover, the stationary state function for a free relativistic particle proves not to be the energy either. Rather, our differential equation yields the relativistic free-particle Lagrangian (plus a non-dynamical constant) in its correct dynamical context. To explain how this new formalism can consistently deliver stationary state functions that give the correct dynamics but that are not always the mechanical energy, we propose that energy conservation is a specific realization of a deeper principle of stationarity that governs both relativistic and non-relativistic mechanics.

  13. Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai 

    E-print Network

    Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents a model of a commercial building in Shanghai with energy simulation software, and after calibration, the energy consumption of this building is calculated. On the basis of the simulation and calculation, a series of energy saving...

  14. Redshift and Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Alasdair Macleod

    2004-08-06

    It has always been considered a serious error to treat the cosmological redshift as a Doppler velocity effect rather than the result of space expansion. It is demonstrated here that in practical terms this is not the case, and that the apparent distance - redshift relation derived from a Doppler interpretation is reasonably consistent with supernova data (though not as good as the standard model with dark energy). The normal Doppler effect is examined in detail and shown to conserve energy as expected. Because of the equivalence between the general relativistic space expansion paradigm and the Doppler effect (as demonstrated) the long-standing problem of energy loss associated with the expansion of the Universe is treated in a similar manner to the normal well-behaved Doppler effect. The mechanism by which energy is conserved with the normal Doppler shift is applied to the cosmological redshift and the energy violation disappears. However, an additional luminosity-dependent recession factor is introduced. The effect on astronomical objects is examined and it is found to add only a small additional redshift to a body generating power by nuclear means but can be very large for objects powered by gravity. A possible connection to the claimed anomalous redshift of quasars is considered.

  15. Analysis of the impacts of energy conservation codes in new single-family homes

    SciTech Connect

    Ritschard, R.L.; Hanford, J.W.; Sezgen, A.O.

    1992-12-01

    Within the 50 states some form of federal code or standard for energy conservation in new building construction is typically incorporated into state and local codes. Two of these codes, the Model Energy Code (MEC) and the proposed ASHRAE standard 90.2P are of special importance to the residential data base developed by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) because they influence thermal requirements and have either been recently updated or will be revised in 1992. In this study, we evaluate the impacts of these two thermal codes on the energy performance and energy consumption of prototypical new single-family buildings. Base case buildings, with characteristics typical of current building practices, are modified to meet the thermal envelope standards and are simulated with the DOE-2.1D building energy simulation program. In addition, we also model the effects of appliance and heating and cooling equipment efficiencies promulgated under the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) of 1987 and of the NAECA Amendments of 1988. We compare heating and cooling loads and energy use for the prototypical house for several cases: the base case, with 1980s vintage thermal envelope and appliance and equipment efficiencies; with ASHRAE 90 thermal requirements; with Model Energy Code thermal requirements; with NAECA appliance and HVAC efficiencies; and with combinations of the ASHRAE 90 Standard or Model Energy Code and the NAECA appliance and equipment efficiency improvements. The results provide a glimpse of how these standards will affect future end-use energy consumption in new single-family buildings.

  16. National energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A set of energy conservation actions that cut across all sectors of the economy were analyzed so that all actions under consideration be analyzed systematically and as a whole. The actions considered were as follows: (1) roll back the price of newly discovered oil, (2) freeze gasoline production for 3 years at 1972 levels, (3) mandate automobile mileage improvements, (4) require industry to improve energy efficiency, (5) require manufacture of household appliances with greater efficiency, (6) force conversion of many power plants from gas and oil to coal. The results showed that considerable gas and oil would be saved by forcing switches to coal. However, the large scale switch to coal was shown to require greatly increased outputs from many other industries that in turn require more energy. It was estimated that nearly 2.5 quads of additional coal were needed to produce these additional requirements. Also, the indirect requirements would create more jobs.

  17. Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations

    E-print Network

    Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee)

    1996-01-01

    This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one ...

  18. Energy conservation and air transportation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Air transportation demand and passenger energy demand are discussed, in relation to energy conservation. Alternatives to air travel are reviewed, along with airline advertising and ticket pricing. Cargo energy demand and airline systems efficiency are also examined, as well as fuel conservation techniques. Maximum efficiency of passenger aircraft, from B-747 to V/STOL to British Concorde, is compared.

  19. Physics 321 Energy Conservation Potential Energy in

    E-print Network

    Hart, Gus

    Physics 321 Hour 7 Energy Conservation ­ Potential Energy in One Dimension Bottom Line · Energy is conserved. · Kinetic energy is a definite concept. · If we can determine the kinetic energy at all points in space by knowing it at one point in space, we can invent a potential energy so that energy can

  20. 76 FR 69122 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ...EERE-2006-STD-0127] RIN 1904-AB93 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...procedure, Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports,...

  1. Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

    2009-01-01

    Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

  2. 77 FR 13026 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ... commercial ice makers, published on January 24, 2012 (77 FR 3404) is extended until April 22, 2012. ADDRESSES... public meeting to discuss and receive comment on the preliminary analysis. 77 FR 3404. The NOPM provides... Part 431 RIN 1904-AC39 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for...

  3. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

    E-print Network

    Pennycook, Steve

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Program Evaluation - Overview & Approach DNV KEMA Energy & Sustainability #12;Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Evaluation;Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Evaluation Primary Objectives of the EECBG

  4. Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982. Appendix

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

    1985-06-01

    This appendix contains the detailed documentation corresponding to the end-use sectoral analyses presented in the main report. The data and methods used to calculate alternative scenarios for estimating energy savings in four economic sectors are provided in this volume. Appendix A contains the detailed documentation for the residential sector analysis. The methodology used to prepare estimates of building energy savings in the commercial sector is provided in Appendix B. Finally, Appendices C and D discuss the data and explain the analytical techniques used to derive estimates of energy savings in the industrial and transportation sectors, respectively. 9 refs., 14 figs., 86 tabs.

  5. 76 FR 39245 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ...EERE-2011-BT-STD-0011] RIN 1904-AC06 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Residential...Register on June 27, 2011, regarding the Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

  6. February 6, 2004 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR

    E-print Network

    Hairer, Ernst

    February 6, 2004 NUMERICAL ENERGY CONSERVATION FOR MULTI­FREQUENCY OSCILLATORY DIFFERENTIAL­time near­conservation of the total and oscillatory energies of numerical integrators for Hamiltonian, Hamiltonian systems, modulated Fourier expansion, energy conservation, oscillatory solutions. 1 Introduction

  7. Fermilab Central Computing Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study

    SciTech Connect

    Krstulovich, S.F.

    1986-11-12

    This report is developed as part of the Fermilab Central Computing Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update under the provisions of DOE Document 6430.1, Chapter XIII-21, Section 14, paragraph a. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis and should be considered as a supplement to the Title I Design Report date March 1986 wherein energy related issues are discussed pertaining to building envelope and orientation as well as electrical systems design.

  8. Energy Conservation and Passive Solar Techniques in Campus Renovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Probasco, Jack; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The analysis of a building from an energy conservation and passive solar potential has three aspects: building envelope, landscaping, and room utilization. Typical conservation and solar control modifications are listed. (Author/MLF)

  9. Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Optimization 

    E-print Network

    Burger, R.

    1985-01-01

    Energy conservation strategies involve more than examination of fan horsepower. Colder water and pumping head provide vast savings potentials. What is dollar value of 1°F in your process? What is dollar cost of pumping water to distribution system...

  10. The Thermodynamics of Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Witte, L. C.

    1986-01-01

    This paper is part of a session dealing with the fundamentals of energy conservation. The paper is intended to be a tutorial for engineers who have not been trained in thermodynamics, or have not practiced recently and ...

  11. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect

    Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel; Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G.; Wood, Toby S.

    2013-08-20

    The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

  12. Economic analysis in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 6

    SciTech Connect

    1989-09-01

    The objective of this document is to present an analysis of the impacts of the proposed voluntary energy conservation standard fr the construction of new residential buildings. This analysis examines the impacts of having the proposed residential standard apply immediately and, alternatively, having the proposed standard phased in over a five-year period.

  13. Science Activities in Energy: Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.

    Presented is a science activities in energy package which includes 14 activities relating to energy conservation. Activities are simple, concrete experiments for fourth, fifth and sixth grades, which illustrate principles and problems relating to energy. Each activity is outlined on a simple card which is introduced by a question. A teacher's…

  14. Residential Energy Conservation Forum

    SciTech Connect

    Multiple

    2008-06-26

    A public forum for homeowners on how to reduce energy usage in the home. Representatives from Long Island Power Authority, Renewable Energy Long Island, and BNL explored alternative energy solutions for the home, analyzing energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental-friendliness. Some of the technologies discussed include solar panels, Energy Star-certified products, and modern wood-burning stoves.

  15. Energy Conservation. CORD Energy Technology Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    This course in energy conservation is one of 16 courses in the Energy Conservation-and-Use Technology curriculum. Intended for use in two-year postsecondary technical institutions to prepare technicians for employment, the courses are also useful in industry for updating employees in company-sponsored training programs. Comprised of seven modules,…

  16. 76 FR 57897 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ...EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005] RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...used in specific applications from certain energy conservation standards prescribed under the Energy...

  17. 76 FR 52852 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ...EERE-2007-BT-STD-0010] RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers...Department of Energy (DOE) adopted amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes...

  18. Industrial Energy Conservation Potentials in North Carolina 

    E-print Network

    Barakat, M. G.; Singh, H.; Mallik, A. K.

    1987-01-01

    CONSERVATION POTENTIALS IN NORTH CAROLINA MONJED G. BARAKAT Chief Engineer Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center North Carolina A & T State University HARMOHINDAR SINGH Associate Professor Architectural Engineering Department North Carolina A... & T State University ARUP K. MALLIK Professor & Chairman Industrial Engineering Department North Carolina A & T State University ABSTRACT The energy crisis has been of concern to us all since the early seventies, yet energy inefficiency in many...

  19. Energy Consumption and Conservation Potential at a Georgia Textile Plant 

    E-print Network

    Gurta, M. E.; Brown, M. L.

    1994-01-01

    is air-conditioned, the plant is an intensive user of electricity, fossil fuel, and water. Following completion of the energy analysis, recommendations to conserve energy and water resources were developed. Potential energy savings of approximately thirty...

  20. 78 FR 14717 - Energy Conservation Standards for Set-Top Boxes: Availability of Initial Analysis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ...manufacturer selling price, distribution chain...the range of annual energy consumption of set-top...e.g., annual energy consumption, product...lifetime, electricity price, discount rate...manufacturer selling prices from the MIA, and average annual energy consumption...

  1. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The foundry industry is a significant user of energy, and therefore, a natural candidate for efforts to save energy and improve efficiency by both governmental agencies and technical/trade associations. These efforts are designed to both improve the national energy position and improve the industry's efficiency and profitability. Increased energy cost and the reduced availability of fossil fuels at certain times have provided the incentive to curb waste and to utilize purchased energy wisely. Energy costs now approach and sometimes exceed 10% of the sales dollar of many foundries. Although energy use by foundries has gradually decreased on a per/ton basis in recent years, the foundry industry must continue to find ways to utilize energy more efficiently. This workbook provides ways to achieve this goal.

  2. Steam System Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: fixing steam leaks. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, and building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  3. Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center, Final Summary Report 

    E-print Network

    Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1994-01-01

    The U.S.D.O.E. Forrestal Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features such as efficient lighting, a photovoltaic system, an energy management system, lighting...

  4. Designing for Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes, R. C.

    This document is a description of the energy efficient designs for new schools in the Alief Independent School District of Houston, Texas. Exhibit A shows how four major school projects differ from conventional designs. Parameters and designs for heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and lighting are given. Twenty year projected energy costs and…

  5. Energy conservation principles

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This paper and presentation discuss preliminary findings from energy audits conducted in cotton gins in six states including the allocation of motor horse power and kilowatt hours energy consumption per bale. General inferences will be drawn from information collected at gin plants of various bale...

  6. 75 FR 17036 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ...EERE-2007-BT-STD-0007] RIN 1904-AB70 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction...correction to the final rule regarding the energy conservation standards for small electric motors,...

  7. 77 FR 22472 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ...EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005] RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...correction to its regulations pertaining to the energy conservation standards for certain external power...

  8. 75 FR 41102 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Furnace Fans: Reopening of Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...EE-2010-BT-STD-0011] RIN 1904-AC22 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Furnace Fans: Reopening of...comments on the framework document to establish energy conservation standards for the use of electricity...

  9. 75 FR 27227 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ...EE-2008-BT-STD-0006] RIN 1904-AB47 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air Conditioners...to analyze for purposes of establishing energy conservation standards for residential central air...

  10. 77 FR 10997 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ...EERE-2010-BT-STD-0048] RIN 1904-AC04 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers...proposed to amend DOE regulations regarding energy conservation standards for distribution...

  11. 78 FR 62494 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ...EERE-2012-BT-STD-0045] RIN 1904-AC87 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans AGENCY: Office...its current rulemaking to consider setting energy conservation standards for ceiling fans....

  12. 78 FR 77019 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ...EERE-2013-BT-NOA-0047] RIN 1904-AD08 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...as codified), which provides for an energy conservation program for consumer products other...

  13. 77 FR 13026 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ...EERE-2010-BT-STD-0037] RIN 1904-AC39 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers...to analyze for purposes of establishing energy conservation standards for automatic commercial ice...

  14. 75 FR 5544 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures: Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ...Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures: Public Meeting and...energy conservation standards for certain metal halide lamp fixtures. This document announces...Document for energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures and provide...

  15. Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

  16. Qualifying Energy Conservation Bonds 

    E-print Network

    Briggs, J.

    2013-01-01

    ) of the interest cost associated with the transaction • Typical effective interest rates anywhere from 0%-2% depending on credit strength • Bond issuance or private placement is acceptable 2 What are QECB’s ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy... Bonds (QECB’s) CATEE Conference December 18, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 • Originally authorized by the Energy Improvement & Extension Act of 2008 • American Recovery...

  17. ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH SOURCE REDUCTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report deals with energy conservation through reduction in generation of post-consumer solid waste. The objective, scope, methodology and summary of the report are presented in Section 1. Section 2 contains the conclusions. Section 3 presents a review of output and input app...

  18. Energy conservation in swine buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, D.D.; Friday, W.H.

    1980-05-01

    Saving energy in confinement swine buildings can be achieved by conserving existing animal heat through both proper building construction and control of the environment. Environmental management practices considered include building insulation and modifications, heating and cooling system selection, ventilation system adjustments, and proper building temperature. (MCW)

  19. Recreation Planning for Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Seymour M.

    1977-01-01

    To conserve energy consumed by cars and to improve the environment by reducing air pollution caused by them, communities should develop and expand already existing urban parks so they will be attractive to potential users who can reach them by walking or bicyling. (JD)

  20. ECASTAR: Energy Conservation; an Assessment of Systems, Technologies and Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A methodology for a systems approach display and assessment of the potential for energy conservation actions and the impacts of those actions was presented. The U.S. economy is divided into four sectors: energy industry, industry, residential/commercial and transportation. Each sector is assessed with respect to energy conservation actions and impacts. The four sectors are combined and three strategies for energy conservation actions for the combined sectors are assessed. The three strategies (national energy conservation, electrification and diversification) represent energy conservation actions for the near term (now to 1985), the mid term (1985 to 2000) and the far term (2000 and beyond). The assessment procedure includes input/output analysis to bridge the flows between the sectors, and net economics and net energetics as performance criteria for the conservation actions. Targets of opportunity for large net energy net energy savings and the application of technology to achieve these savings are discussed.

  1. 75 FR 27227 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ... as a public meeting to discuss and receive comment on the preliminary analysis. 75 FR 14368. The NOPM... Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps AGENCY: Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and... conservation standards for residential central air conditioners and heat pumps; the analytical...

  2. Nonprice incentives and energy conservation

    PubMed Central

    Asensio, Omar I.; Delmas, Magali A.

    2015-01-01

    In the electricity sector, energy conservation through technological and behavioral change is estimated to have a savings potential of 123 million metric tons of carbon per year, which represents 20% of US household direct emissions in the United States. In this article, we investigate the effectiveness of nonprice information strategies to motivate conservation behavior. We introduce environment and health-based messaging as a behavioral strategy to reduce energy use in the home and promote energy conservation. In a randomized controlled trial with real-time appliance-level energy metering, we find that environment and health-based information strategies, which communicate the environmental and public health externalities of electricity production, such as pounds of pollutants, childhood asthma, and cancer, outperform monetary savings information to drive behavioral change in the home. Environment and health-based information treatments motivated 8% energy savings versus control and were particularly effective on families with children, who achieved up to 19% energy savings. Our results are based on a panel of 3.4 million hourly appliance-level kilowatt–hour observations for 118 residences over 8 mo. We discuss the relative impacts of both cost-savings information and environmental health messaging strategies with residential consumers. PMID:25583494

  3. Nonprice incentives and energy conservation.

    PubMed

    Asensio, Omar I; Delmas, Magali A

    2015-02-10

    In the electricity sector, energy conservation through technological and behavioral change is estimated to have a savings potential of 123 million metric tons of carbon per year, which represents 20% of US household direct emissions in the United States. In this article, we investigate the effectiveness of nonprice information strategies to motivate conservation behavior. We introduce environment and health-based messaging as a behavioral strategy to reduce energy use in the home and promote energy conservation. In a randomized controlled trial with real-time appliance-level energy metering, we find that environment and health-based information strategies, which communicate the environmental and public health externalities of electricity production, such as pounds of pollutants, childhood asthma, and cancer, outperform monetary savings information to drive behavioral change in the home. Environment and health-based information treatments motivated 8% energy savings versus control and were particularly effective on families with children, who achieved up to 19% energy savings. Our results are based on a panel of 3.4 million hourly appliance-level kilowatt-hour observations for 118 residences over 8 mo. We discuss the relative impacts of both cost-savings information and environmental health messaging strategies with residential consumers. PMID:25583494

  4. Energy conservation in industry

    SciTech Connect

    Strub, A.S.; Ehringer, H.

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses combustion and heat recovery, engines and batteries, and applications and technologies. Some of the topics covered include: energy-saving technologies; heat exchangers, fluidized bed exchangers, industrial heat pumps; fluidized bed combustion; waste heat recovery; orc machines and cascading; engines and flywheels; new types of engines; advanced batteries; fuel cell; chemical industry and catalysis; metallurgy; textile industry; food industry; microwave applications; and cement and glass ceramic industry.

  5. LABORATORY II FORCE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    LABORATORY II FORCE AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY Lab II - 1 After studying forces and material bodies the relationship between forces and energy conservation. Energy and forces, together, support an extremely be able to: · State the principle of conservation of energy; state the relationship between the work done

  6. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  7. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  8. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  9. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  10. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  11. A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

    1980-01-01

    . From above-mentioned definition, when a steady-s~ate flow system changes from a State 1 to another St~te 2, the available energy change is given by (6) Wmin/max W+ (W - W) min/max (W + I) i (7) where WminO~ W...

  12. Energy Conservation for Public Office Buildings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roush, Larry F.

    1973-01-01

    The energy conservation policy for public office buildings includes experimental designs of new federal office buildings in Manchester, New Hampshire and Saginaw, Michigan, as well as immediate energy conservation efforts. (Author/MF)

  13. A compendium of energy conservation success stories

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-09-01

    Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office/endash/Energy Utilization Research/endash/sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

  14. Energy conservation in ice skating rinks

    SciTech Connect

    Dietrich, B.K.; McAvoy, T.J.

    1980-01-01

    An economic and energy analysis of ice rinks was made to examine the areas in which energy could be profitably conserved. The areas where new equipment could make a major reduction in energy use are: the use of waste heat for space heating, the installation of a low emissivity false ceiling to reduce radiant heat, the use of a load cycling controller to reduce refrigeration costs, and the installation of more efficient lighting systems. Changes in rink operating procedure that could cut energy use are: higher refrigerant temperatures, thinner ice, the use of colder resurfacing water, turning the compressors and pumps off at night, and reducing ventilation.

  15. Identification of cost effective energy conservation measures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bierenbaum, H. S.; Boggs, W. H.

    1978-01-01

    In addition to a successful program of readily implemented conservation actions for reducing building energy consumption at Kennedy Space Center, recent detailed analyses have identified further substantial savings for buildings representative of technical facilities designed when energy costs were low. The techniques employed for determination of these energy savings consisted of facility configuration analysis, power and lighting measurements, detailed computer simulations and simulation verifications. Use of these methods resulted in identification of projected energy savings as large as $330,000 a year (approximately two year break-even period) in a single building. Application of these techniques to other commercial buildings is discussed

  16. Aerial thermography for energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jack, J. R.

    1978-01-01

    Thermal infrared scanning from an aircraft is a convenient and commercially available means for determining relative rates of energy loss from building roofs. The need to conserve energy as fuel costs makes the mass survey capability of aerial thermography an attractive adjunct to community energy awareness programs. Background information on principles of aerial thermography is presented. Thermal infrared scanning systems, flight and environmental requirements for data acquisition, preparation of thermographs for display, major users and suppliers of thermography, and suggested specifications for obtaining aerial scanning services were reviewed.

  17. Kinetic Energy Conserving Discontinuous Galerkin Yves Allaneau

    E-print Network

    Jameson, Antony

    Kinetic Energy Conserving Discontinuous Galerkin Scheme Yves Allaneau and Antony Jameson Stanford. The kinetic energy conserving scheme introduced by Jameson4,5 in 2007 for finite volumes proved efficient described. In a second part, the kinetic energy conserving flux is derived for the Burger's equation

  18. Energy Conservation and Mentally Retarded Citizens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogelman, Charles J.; And Others

    Suggested are some principles of developing energy conservation programs where retarded persons might be particularly affected, ways to conserve energy, and pertinent references. It is thought that the retarded, particularly the retarded in institutions, are more likely to suffer from energy conservation measures than members of the larger…

  19. ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH NONSYMPLECTIC METHODS: EXAMPLES AND

    E-print Network

    Faou, Erwan

    ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH NON­SYMPLECTIC METHODS: EXAMPLES AND COUNTER­EXAMPLES ERWAN FAOU 1 , ERNST. email: Ernst.Hairer@math.unige.ch, Truong­Linh.Pham@math.unige.ch Abstract. Energy conservation into energy conservation with non­ symplectic methods. Su#cient conditions and counter­examples are presented

  20. Enhancing energy conserving methods \\Lambda Sebastian Reich

    E-print Network

    Reich, Sebastian

    Enhancing energy conserving methods \\Lambda Sebastian Reich Konrad­Zuse Zentrum Berlin Heilbronner], achieves conservation of energy by a global scaling of the force field. This leads to an undesirable also show how to combine an energy conserving discretization of the strong forces with a symplectic

  1. On energy conservation in extended magnetohydrodynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Kimura, Keiji; Morrison, P. J.

    2014-08-15

    A systematic study of energy conservation for extended magnetohydrodynamic models that include Hall terms and electron inertia is performed. It is observed that commonly used models do not conserve energy in the ideal limit, i.e., when viscosity and resistivity are neglected. In particular, a term in the momentum equation that is often neglected is seen to be needed for conservation of energy.

  2. 76 FR 26656 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ... energy conservation standards for clothes dryers and room air conditioners on April 21, 2011 (76 FR 22454... Part 430 RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential... adopted amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes dryers and room air conditioners....

  3. California's Energy Policy: Conservation Works 

    E-print Network

    Greene, D.

    1982-01-01

    for effective conservation and solar measures. The recently opened Gregory Bateson State Office Building in Sacramento d~onstrates some of the latest techniques in pas S1ve solar design. The building requires 40% less energy tha~ 9ne of a similar size built... to current energy eff1c1ency s~angards. Th~ techniques learned from the Bateson bU1ld1ng are be1ng app11ed in other new state buildings under construction. WHERE WE ARE AND WHERE WE'RE GOING Most of. the ~tate's major conserva~ion pro&rams did n~t e~1st...

  4. Energy Conservation Analysis 

    E-print Network

    Clark, W. H.

    1994-01-01

    in the program: tinting glass, single-to-double pane conversion, adding roof insulation, savings from landscape features, external wall shading and reduction in outside air. Each of these are evaluated in a separate building load subroutine. The program computes...

  5. Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself 

    E-print Network

    McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

    1982-01-01

    With proper management of energy conservation programs, any structure can be energy efficient. And this energy efficiency need not require great expenditures. A 'systems approach' to energy management identifies a series of activities which...

  6. Energy conservation in large hospitals & medical centers.

    PubMed

    Ostroy, L

    1981-01-01

    Energy conservation programs can save money for medical centers. The necessary engineering capability to evaluate these methods can be provided by Clinical Engineering staffs since the analytical ability of the Clinical Engineer is directly transferable to energy conservation programs. Several conservation methods are applicable to hospitals and deserve consideration. Cogeneration can provide significant energy conservation without any sacrifice in comfort. Solar energy is well suited to hospitals and can provide good publicity as well as energy savings. Finally, better electronic and pneumatic controls for heating, air conditioning and ventilation can provide large energy savings at moderate cost. PMID:10252004

  7. Institutional Manager's Guide to Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Office of State and Local Programs.

    The information provided in this guidebook is based on a field evaluation of grantees in the Institutional Conservation Program (ICP). The ICP, authorized by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act of 1978 and administered by the Department of Energy, provides energy audits and 50 percent matching grants for detailed energy analyses and for…

  8. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development shall be designed to be economical in energy consumption. The Energy Guidelines of the...

  9. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development shall be designed to be economical in energy consumption. The Energy Guidelines of the...

  10. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development shall be designed to be economical in energy consumption. The Energy Guidelines of the...

  11. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development shall be designed to be economical in energy consumption. The Energy Guidelines of the...

  12. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new development shall be designed to be economical in energy consumption. The Energy Guidelines of the...

  13. Relevance of the second law of thermodynamics to energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    An analysis is presented of the potential relevance of the use of analytical tools based on the Second Law of thermodynamics to existing federal programs for energy conservation in the industrial, transportation, buildings, and utility sectors in the US. (LCL)

  14. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  15. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  16. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  17. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  18. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  19. Reliable aerial thermography for energy conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Jack, J.R.; Bowman, R.L.

    1981-08-01

    Extensive energy conservation programs are being implemented throughout the country because prime energy sources are dwindling and as a result energy costs are skyrocketing. One method currently being used on a large scale to promote energy conservation is the aerial thermography survey. Its concept and its use for locating sources of energy losses and wasteful energy management practices are quite straightforward and very effective when the thermography are obtained under proper conditions and have good discrimination, that is, structures and energy losses are easily and simply discerned in the imagery. However, over the past several years, thermography has been acquired with possible ambiguities that have caused confusion in the interpretation of the imagery. In an attempt to eliminate ambiguities, an operational map is presented for clear-sky conditions. This map outlines the key environmental conditions conducive to obtaining reliable aerial thermography. The map is developed from defined visual and heat loss discrimination criteria that are then quantized based on flat-roof heat transfer calculations. Data from previous NASA and independent contractor thermography are discussed with reference to the operational map. Appendixes discuss uncertainties involved in selecting values for the parameters used in the analysis. A suggested specifications for obtaining an aerial thermography survey is also presented.

  20. Diffusion in Energy Conserving Coupled Maps

    E-print Network

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2012-09-09

    We consider a dynamical system consisting of subsystems indexed by a lattice. Each subsystem has one conserved degree of freedom ("energy") the rest being uniformly hyperbolic. The subsystems are weakly coupled together so that the sum of the subsystem energies remains conserved. We prove that the subsystem energies satisfy the diffusion equation in a suitable scaling limit.

  1. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  2. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  3. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  4. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  5. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  6. Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

    2014-01-01

    Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention. Imagine that…

  7. Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws

    E-print Network

    G. Giachetta; L. Mangiarotti; G. Sardanashvily

    1998-07-20

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational models, the corresponding energy-momentum flows reduce to the generalized Komar superpotential. We show that the superpotential form of a conserved flow is the common property of gauge conservation laws if generators of gauge transformations depend on derivatives of gauge parameters. At the same time, dependence of conserved flows on gauge parameters make gauge conservation laws form-invariant under gauge transformations.

  8. Design of an energy conservation building

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jensen, R. N.

    1981-11-01

    The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

  9. Design of an energy conservation building

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jensen, R. N.

    1981-01-01

    The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

  10. A Computer Analysis of Energy Use and Energy Conservation Options for a Twelve Story Office Building in Austin, Texas 

    E-print Network

    Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.; Farad, M.

    1986-01-01

    and the potential for reducing energy use. The Travis building at Austin, Texas was one of the buildings chosen for preliminary studies. There is a wide variation of weather conditions in the state of Texas. It is hot and humid in the South and relatively... is a major contributor to the peak load and energy use in the Travis building. As Been from Figure 3 and 4, DOE 2.18 estimates 36% of the freak cooling' load and 27% of the total cooling energy use either from glas~ solar or glass conduction...

  11. 78 FR 51463 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ...Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures; Proposed Rule Federal...Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures AGENCY: Office of...commercial and industrial equipment, including metal halide lamp fixtures. EPCA also...

  12. 78 FR 77607 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... (78 FR 64067) to make available and invite comments on the proposed rule regarding energy conservation... conservation standards for residential furnace fans published on October 25, 2013 (78 FR 64067) is extended to... Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AC22 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy...

  13. 78 FR 25626 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AC87 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards... meeting and availability of the Framework Document in the Federal Register (78 FR 16443) to make available and invite comments on the Framework Document regarding energy conservation standards for...

  14. 76 FR 31795 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers and Freezers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB85 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended by section... FR 21580 (April 15, 2011). Since the publication of that rulemaking, it was recently discovered...

  15. Conservation of Energy 4-1 What is energy?

    E-print Network

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    4 Conservation of Energy 4-1 What is energy? In this chapter, we begin our more detailed study laws of physics, the conservation of energy. There is a fact, or if you wish, a law, governing all as we know. The law is called the conservation of energy. It states that there is a certain quantity

  16. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  17. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  18. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  19. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  20. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

  1. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...executive agencies shall promote energy conservation and energy efficiency by...

  2. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2007-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...executive agencies shall promote energy conservation and energy efficiency by...

  3. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...executive agencies shall promote energy conservation and energy efficiency by...

  4. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...executive agencies shall promote energy conservation and energy efficiency by...

  5. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency...executive agencies shall promote energy conservation and energy efficiency by...

  6. 77 FR 31964 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    .... 77, No. 104 / Wednesday, May 30, 2012 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AC64 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION:...

  7. 77 FR 32381 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    .... 77, No. 105 / Thursday May 31, 2012 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AB90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy....

  8. Energy conservation potential of surface modification technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Le, H.K.; Horne, D.M.; Silberglitt, R.S.

    1985-09-01

    This report assesses the energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries. The energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries is assessed by estimating their friction and wear tribological sinks and the subsequent reduction in these sinks when surface modified tools are used. Ion implantation, coatings, and laser and electron beam surface modifications are considered.

  9. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. The incorporated document is on file at the Department of Education, Grants and... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design...

  10. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. The incorporated document is on file at the Department of Education, Grants and... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design...

  11. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. The incorporated document is on file at the Department of Education, Grants and... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design...

  12. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. The incorporated document is on file at the Department of Education, Grants and... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design...

  13. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. The incorporated document is on file at the Department of Education, Grants and... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design...

  14. Adoption of Energy Conservation among California Homeowners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonard-Barton, Dorothy; Rogers, Everett M.

    In spring 1977, just as California was emerging from one of the worst droughts in its history, 215 Palo Alto homeowners were interviewed about their views on energy and water conservation, and about the extent to which they had adopted 11 energy-conserving practices (ECP) in the home. The objective was to discover variables both important to…

  15. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission 

    E-print Network

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use of the Supreme Court and Attorney General buildings in Austin, Texas was analyzed using the D0E-2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for each building as specified in the building plans and the specifications...

  16. Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit 

    E-print Network

    Korich, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    The quickly escalating cost of energy has outpaced all other plant costs and has placed energy conservation squarely as the critical leverage for improving profitability. The transition of priority created a need at the Union Carbide Seadrift, Texas...

  17. Effective Transfer of Industrial Energy Conservation Technologies 

    E-print Network

    Clement, M.; Vallario, R. W.

    1983-01-01

    Voluntary participation in industrial energy conservation programs resulted in savings of approximately 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day in the U.S. during 1981. These energy savings accrued largely from the development, introduction...

  18. Energy Conservation in Army Industrial Facilities 

    E-print Network

    Aveta, G. A.; Sliwinski, B. J.

    1984-01-01

    production parameters and energy consumption throughout the command. This will enable DARCOM to forecast future energy requirements and to determine the effectiveness of the conservation program in a dynamic industrial environment....

  19. Energy Conservation in the Bell System 

    E-print Network

    Del Grande, M. R.

    1979-01-01

    In December 1973, the Bell System launched a comprehensive energy conservation program which includes immediate, intermediate, and long range steps. A computerized data base system was developed to permit monthly input of energy consumption, costs...

  20. A Graduate Course in Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Examines the University of Michigan's (Ann Arbor) success with a six-year energy conservation program (The Energy Star Program) offered by the Environmental Protection Agency. Describes the program's components and areas of savings the university has achieved. (GR)

  1. Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs 

    E-print Network

    Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

    2012-01-01

    Management Team ?Opportunity arises from discussions Conserve My Planet 4 The Opportunity ?Technology and Maintenance addressed ?DDC Controls ?Efficient Lighting ?Efficient Mechanical Equipment ?Motion sensors ?Power Factor Correction... ?Preventive Maintenance on CMMS ? Information Adequate but Inconsistent ?Behavior Modification not fully utilized ?How to refresh message ?New Ideas ?Marketing Expertise 5 Conserve My Planet ?District utilizing Schneider Electric?s Expertise...

  2. Energy Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazjanac, Vladimir

    1981-01-01

    The Aquatic Center at Corvallis (Oregon) is analyzed for energy use. Energy conservation in the building would be accomplished best through heavy insulation of exterior surfaces and the maximization of passive solar gain. (Author/MLF)

  3. Conservation as an alternative energy source

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, D. E.

    1978-01-01

    A speech is given outlining the energy situation in the United States. It is warned that the existing energy situation cannot prevail and the time is fast running out for continued growth or even maintenance of present levels. Energy conservation measures are given as an aid to decrease U.S. energy consumption, which would allow more time to develop alternative sources of energy.

  4. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

  5. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

  6. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

  7. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

  8. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

  9. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  10. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  11. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  12. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  13. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

  14. The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic 

    E-print Network

    Meier, A. K.

    1984-01-01

    The cost of conserved energy (CCE) is an investment statistic that simplifies comparison of conservation measures among themselves and against competing energy supplies. A formula for calculating the cost of conserved energy formula is presented. A...

  15. CECIPCALTECH ENERGY CONSERVATION INVESTMENT PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT 2014

    E-print Network

    Winfree, Erik

    CECIPCALTECH ENERGY CONSERVATION INVESTMENT PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT 2014 ABOUT CECIP Caltech's green. Consequently, Caltech's green revolving loan fund, the Caltech Energy Conservation Investment Program (CECIP revolving fund, CECIP, combines finance, engineering and operations to implement energy conservation

  16. Protein Sectors: Statistical Coupling Analysis versus Conservation

    PubMed Central

    Te?ileanu, Tiberiu; Colwell, Lucy J.; Leibler, Stanislas

    2015-01-01

    Statistical coupling analysis (SCA) is a method for analyzing multiple sequence alignments that was used to identify groups of coevolving residues termed “sectors”. The method applies spectral analysis to a matrix obtained by combining correlation information with sequence conservation. It has been asserted that the protein sectors identified by SCA are functionally significant, with different sectors controlling different biochemical properties of the protein. Here we reconsider the available experimental data and note that it involves almost exclusively proteins with a single sector. We show that in this case sequence conservation is the dominating factor in SCA, and can alone be used to make statistically equivalent functional predictions. Therefore, we suggest shifting the experimental focus to proteins for which SCA identifies several sectors. Correlations in protein alignments, which have been shown to be informative in a number of independent studies, would then be less dominated by sequence conservation. PMID:25723535

  17. Conservation of energy and Gauss Bonnet gravity

    E-print Network

    Christophe Real

    2007-11-07

    It is shown how can be made the classification of all tensors constructed from the Riemann tensor that verify the conservation of gravitational energy momentum. More precisely we explain that there exists a unique tensor of degree n in the Riemann tensor and its contractions that verifies the conservation of energy. We show that this tensor, only because it obeys this degree n structure as well as energy conservation, two facts which are true in all dimensions, verifies in dimension 2n this striking particularity of being Euler gravity. We stick here to the case n=2 but explain briefly why the general case is similar.

  18. Electric load management and energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kheir, N. A.

    1976-01-01

    Electric load management and energy conservation relate heavily to the major problems facing power industry at present. The three basic modes of energy conservation are identified as demand reduction, increased efficiency and substitution for scarce fuels. Direct and indirect load management objectives are to reduce peak loads and have future growth in electricity requirements in such a manner to cause more of it to fall off the system's peak. In this paper, an overview of proposed and implemented load management options is presented. Research opportunities exist for the evaluation of socio-economic impacts of energy conservation and load management schemes specially on the electric power industry itself.

  19. Computerized Reporting of Energy Conservation Progress 

    E-print Network

    Troyan, J. E.

    1979-01-01

    REPORTING OF ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRESS J. E. Troyan Olin Corporation Houston, Texas ABSTRACT i Reporting of energy conservation progress, particularly by companies with a multiplicity of Pla~ts and products, can be facilitated by application.../.5 520 350 WllSE YARD 5. OUTSIDE 12.0 8380 698 360 AD~INISTRATIO!'! 12.0 10795 899 TOTAL PLANT 3928154 Col urm (1) (2) [3) ENERGY CONSERVATION REPORT PROCESSING PERIOD 01/78 THRU 02/78 PLA.~T 062 ----------CURRENT PERIOD---------- TOTAL TOTAL...

  20. Energy Conservation and Historic Properties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Donna

    1986-01-01

    Explains some of the finer details in the requirements and the responsibilities grantees of Institutional Conservation Program's (ICP) funding have to building preservation of historic or potentially historic buildings under the National Historic Preservation Act. (MD)

  1. 78 FR 62988 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ...The recently enacted American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act amended the Energy Policy and Conservation Act as to certain consumer products and commercial and industrial equipment. The amendments include new and revised energy conservation standards and definitions, as well as technical corrections, which the Department of Energy (DOE) is incorporating into its regulations in......

  2. 76 FR 52852 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ...In a direct final rule published on April 21, 2011, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) adopted amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes dryers and room air conditioners. As required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), DOE also published simultaneously a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) that proposed identical energy efficiency standards. The standards......

  3. 16.10 Energy Conservation Page 1 of 1 Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Hung, I-Kuai

    16.10 Energy Conservation Page 1 of 1 Energy Conservation Original Implementation: December 4, 1987 Last Revision: July 28, 2015 The university supports, and is committed to, the statewide energy utilities and equipment by the operation of an automated energy management system, replacement of HVAC

  4. 76 FR 22324 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ... consideration of amended standards for room air conditioners and clothes dryers, 75 FR 7987 (Feb. 23, 2010), DOE...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and Room Air Conditioners AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...

  5. Energy Conservation. Educational Facilities Digest 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Educational Facility Planners, Columbus, OH.

    Because today's schools consume large amounts of energy and, consequently, pay high energy bills, the term "energy cirsis" is no exaggeration to describe the situation facing educators and school administrators. Schools everywhere are under pressure to use less electricity, natural gas, heating oil, and gasoline. While energy conservation

  6. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT: CONFLICT OR COMPLEMENT?

    E-print Network

    Schipper, L.

    2011-01-01

    Ultimately, energy conservation-environment-economy problemsenvironment economy interaction • Energy conservation almostconservation and envi- ronmental quality will be marked. Transportation Economies

  7. Undeformed (additive) energy conservation law in Doubly Special Relativity

    E-print Network

    Gianluca Mandanici

    2008-11-11

    All the Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) models studied in literature so far involve a deformation of the energy conservation rule that forces us to release the hypothesis of the additivity of the energy for composite systems. In view of the importance of the issue for a consistent formulation of a DSR statistical mechanics and a DSR thermodynamics, we show that DSR models preserving the usual (i.e. additive) energy conservation rule can be found. These models allow the construction of a DSR-covariant extensive energy. The implications of the analysis for the dynamics of DSR-covariant multiparticle systems are also briefly discussed.

  8. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society 

    E-print Network

    Faulkner, C. R.

    1979-01-01

    membership, recent meeting topics, and examples of some benefits to society members are also presented. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society was the outcome of informal meetings between Amoco, Union Carbide, and Monsanto back in 1973 and has grown...

  9. Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program 

    E-print Network

    Wolf, C. A., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    Industrial Energy Conservation in Canada is organized and promoted through a voluntary program that is administered by industry. Industry is divided into fifteen sectors, each of which is represented by a Voluntary Task Force. Information exchange...

  10. Energy Conservation--Hero or Villian?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keith, William J. B.

    1985-01-01

    Energy conservation efforts have often hermetically sealed buildings without concern for air quality. The Waterloo County Board of Education, Ontario, has installed indicators to test air quality and has installed a "clean room" for children with allergies. (MLF)

  11. Education and Training for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Sorotzkin, J.

    1982-01-01

    A successful energy conservation program at a large industrial complex depends on the participation and active contribution of the entire staff. To achieve this goal it is essential for people to have an overall understanding and insight as well...

  12. Energy Conservation Through Education and Training 

    E-print Network

    Sorotzkin, J.

    1981-01-01

    A successful energy conservation program at a large industrial complex depends on the participation and active contribution of the entire staff. In order to achieve this goal it is essential for people to have an overall understanding and insight...

  13. Energy conservation and the residential and commercial sector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A detailed analysis of energy conservation actions relevant to the residential and commercial sector has led to the conclusion that the potential for savings is great. The task will not be easy, however, since many of the actions require significant life style changes that are difficult to accomplish. Furthermore, many of the conservation actions cited as instant solutions to the energy crisis are those with only mid to long term potential, such as solar energy or heat pumps. Three significant conservation approaches are viable: adjusting price structure, mandating actions, and educating consumers. The first two appear to be the most feasible. But they are not without a price. Higher utility bills adversely affect the poor and the elderly on fixed incomes. Likewise, strict mandatory measures can be quite distasteful. But the effect of alternatives, such as voluntary savings accomplished through education processes, is minimal in a nation without a true conservation ethic.

  14. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation 

    E-print Network

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    1985-01-01

    North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants and several specific... ORGANIZATION A fairly perfect energy management system has been set up in the North Industries Corporation. In its headquarters, there is an energy conserva tion section. It is responsible for carrying out energy conservation policy, guiding...

  15. 75 FR 19296 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures and Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ...Standards for Residential Furnaces and Boilers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and...amend the test procedures for furnaces and boilers, and the energy conservation standards...Procedures for Residential Furnaces and Boilers'' or ``NOPM for Energy...

  16. 76 FR 47518 - Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of “Smart” Appliances in Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... Parts 430 and 431 Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of ``Smart'' Appliances in Energy Conservation... comments related to the analytical treatment of ``smart'' appliances in the development of DOE's energy... any of the following methods: E-mail: to SmartApplianceRFI-2011-NOA-0038@ee.doe.gov . Include...

  17. 75 FR 80292 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Electric Motors

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ...). 74 FR 12058 (March 23, 2009) It was recently discovered that the efficiency levels under 10 CFR 431... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 RIN 1904-AB71 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Electric...

  18. 75 FR 17036 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ...This document contains a technical correction to the final rule regarding the energy conservation standards for small electric motors, which was published on March 9, 2010. In that final rule, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) adopted regulations to establish energy conservation standards for small electric motors. Due to a drafting error, an incorrect compliance date for this equipment was......

  19. 76 FR 37549 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    .... A link to the docket Web page can be found at: http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail ;dct=FR+PR.... 76, No. 123 / Monday, June 27, 2011 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AC06 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces...

  20. 78 FR 64067 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ...Pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) must prescribe energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including residential furnace fans. EPCA requires DOE to determine whether such standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified, and......

  1. 78 FR 12969 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including residential water heaters. EPCA also requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether more stringent amended standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified,......

  2. 77 FR 31964 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ...The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including residential dishwashers. EPCA also requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether amended standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified, and would save a......

  3. 75 FR 21981 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AA90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, and Pool Heaters Correction In rule document 2010-7611 beginning...

  4. A Teacher's Introduction to Energy and Energy Conservation: Secondary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH. Center for Improved Education.

    This document is intended to give the secondary school teacher background information and general suggestions for teaching units and correlated learning activities related to energy and energy conservation. Sections are directed to: A Problem Shared by All, Causes, What is Energy?, Energy Sources, Searching for Solutions, Conservation: An Ethic…

  5. Energy Conservation Utilizing Wireless Dimmable Lighting Control

    E-print Network

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Energy Conservation Utilizing Wireless Dimmable Lighting Control in a Shared-Space Office Yao Lighting accounts for 25-30% of energy usage in building electrical systems Energy savings can be generated from various lighting management strategies · Daylight harvesting (35-40% in daylit area, 12

  6. Santa Claus and the Conservation of Energy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassani, Sadri

    2005-01-01

    This article examines an amusing application of the concept of kinetic energy. Using some rudimentary physical notions, we have analysed the energetics of the motion of Santa Claus. The results, which are quite surprising, can be of interest to high school and early college physics educators when they teach kinetic energy, and energy conservation

  7. Santa Claus and the conservation of energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hassani, Sadri

    2005-11-01

    This article examines an amusing application of the concept of kinetic energy. Using some rudimentary physical notions, we have analysed the energetics of the motion of Santa Claus. The results, which are quite surprising, can be of interest to high school and early college physics educators when they teach kinetic energy, and energy conservation in general.

  8. State industrial energy-conservation workshops

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, P.T.; Tatar, J.J.; Evans, A.R.; Anderson, R.W.

    1981-01-01

    DOE's Office of Industrial Programs, in cooperation with the Office of State and Local Programs, sponsored a series of four workshops on state industrial energy-conservation programs in September and October, 1980. The workshops provided it a forum in which Federal and state officials could discuss: Federal programs supporting the development and implementation of industrial energy-conservation technology; Federal assistance available for state and local energy-conservation programs; states' programs and policy efforts to encourage industrial energy conservation, and identification of states' needs and recommendations for actions to meet the states' needs more effectively. The basic focus of the workshops was on industrial programs developed by the states through funding by the State Energy-Conservation Program. The objectives, background, and format of the workshops are described in Section 2. A summary of state industrial programs in Section 3 includes a program measure matrix and a discussion of elements in program design. Section 4 describes factors affecting the development, implementation, and evaluation of state industrial conservation programs. In Section 5 state needs, as perceived by the state representatives, are presented and discussed. Section 6 summarizes the states' suggestions as developed in the third session of each workshop.

  9. Capturing conservation through community energy management

    SciTech Connect

    Berkowitz, P.I.; Karl, S.L.; Ramsay, J.

    1994-03-01

    A renewed interest in energy conservation has created a revival of community-based energy management projects throughout North America. Bolstered by utility least-cost planning, higher energy prices, and environmental concerns, more than 25 programs have emerged in the last 5 years. Utilities have found conservation can be less expensive than building new power plants, and many of their demand side management programs include a community approach. This article provides a brief overview of the community energy management concept, discussing the design models they employ and the selection and transformation of host communities. A case study is presented.

  10. Conservation and Renewable Energy Program: Bibliography, 1988 edition

    SciTech Connect

    Vaughan, K.H.

    1988-04-01

    The 831 references covering the period 1980 through Feb. 1988, are arranged under the following: analysis and evaluation, building equipment, building thermal envelope systems and materials, community systems and cogeneration, residential conservation service, retrofit, advanced heat engine ceramics, alternative fuels, microemulsion fuels, industrial chemical heat pumps, materials for waste heat utilization, energy conversion and utilization materials, tribology, emergency energy conservation,inventions, electric energy systems, thermal storage, biofuels production, biotechnology, solar technology, geothermal, and continuous chromatography in multicomponent separations. An author index is included.

  11. The construction of discretely conservative finite volume schemes that also globally conserve energy or entropy

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    for the dissipation of energy by the shock waves. These results are extended to systems of conservation laws that if the conservation law has an accompanying energy estimate, it should be possible to construct discrete schemes whichThe construction of discretely conservative finite volume schemes that also globally conserve

  12. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609... (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall require fuel and energy conservation practices in the operation...

  13. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609... (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall require fuel and energy conservation practices in the operation...

  14. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609... (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall require fuel and energy conservation practices in the operation...

  15. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609... (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall require fuel and energy conservation practices in the operation...

  16. 14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609... (CONTINUED) AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall require fuel and energy conservation practices in the operation...

  17. Energy Conservation Through Effective Utilization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Charles A.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses various ways in which the demand for energy could be decreased, focusing not so much on discouraging demand by increasing prices, as on reducing energy consumption by improving efficiency of energy utilization in buildings and in industry. (JR)

  18. Social Norms and Energy Conservation

    E-print Network

    Allcott, Hunt

    This paper evaluates a pilot program run by a company called OPOWER, previously known as Positive Energy, to mail home energy reports to residential utility consumers. The reports compare a household’s energy use to that ...

  19. Energy-momentum conservation and Lipkin's zilch

    E-print Network

    H. Lashkari-Ghouchani; M. H. Alizadeh

    2014-08-13

    As Noether's theorem states any differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. Lipkin introduced the conservation laws of zilches. But the corresponding symmetries are yet to be determined. Here we find a method to determine those symmetries and by direct calculations express the zilch tensor's relation to current-density for $n$-dimensional Minkowski space-time. Also, we extend this method to calculate symmetries of conservation of energy-momentum. Finally we show that in the special case of n=4, our general equation governing optical chirality reduces to the continuity equation of optical chirality density and optical chirality flow.

  20. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104 Section 436.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  1. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104 Section 436.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  2. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104 Section 436.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  3. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104 Section 436.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  4. 10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104 Section 436.104 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Guidelines for General Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

  5. Energy conservation in distillation: a technology applications manual

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-05-01

    Distillation is the most widely practiced technique for separating mixtures of chemical species, but it is an energy intensive process. A 10% reduction in distillation energy consumption would effect a significant savings. On a national basis this would be an annual savings of 200 trillion Btu, or the equivalent of 36.5 million barrels of oil per year. Technology to achieve these savings in distillation energy is available and measures are presented to assist process engineers in technical and economic analysis of the energy conservation measures most suitable for particular distillation applications. The manual catalogs all of the energy conservation options applicable to distillation and the options by the investment required; describes in detail the options having a significant potential to reduce distillation energy requirements economically; provides guidelines that will allow the plant engineer to quickly screen each option for his application; and provides short-cut calculation procedures for use in a preliminary economic analysis of promising options.

  6. 76 FR 71835 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ... definitions and energy conservation standards for vented gas hearth direct heating equipment. 75 FR 20112. \\1... are excluded from DOE's regulations.'' 75 FR 20112, 20234 (April 16, 2010). In this final rule, DOE is... energy conservation standards for direct heating equipment manufactured on or after April 16, 2013. 75...

  7. Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 11: Economics of Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

    This module is the eleventh in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 9, and 10). The objective of this module is…

  8. 77 FR 22472 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... final rule was published on March 23, 2009. See 74 FR 12058. Subsequently, Congress revisited elements... a technical amendment to codify verbatim in regulation these statutory changes. See 76 FR 57897... Part 430 RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain...

  9. 76 FR 71835 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ... definitions and energy conservation standards for vented gas hearth direct heating equipment. 75 FR 20112. \\1... energy conservation standards for direct heating equipment manufactured on or after April 16, 2013. 75 FR... are excluded from DOE's regulations.'' 75 FR 20112, 20234 (April 16, 2010). In this final rule, DOE...

  10. School and hospital energy conservation incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Meyers, D.; Shrivastava, V.

    1985-01-01

    The success of the Institutional Conservation Program will depend on the financial, economic, and institutional characteristics of schools and hospitals insofar as these factors influence energy conserving behavior. This paper explores these factors in an attempt to assist the ICP in reaching schools and hospitals. There are serious problems in both schools and hospitals with energy-conserving capital funding. Hospitals are discouraged from borrowing for this purpose by rate base regulation which limits their capital recovery. They are also unable to generate funds internally. Schools face no active disincentives for capital improvements but face a paucity of debt funding. Schools also have no means to generate funds internally. The major implications of these and other key findings for the ICP are as follows: In funding ECM's, the ICP is paying for improvements that might not otherwise have occurred, since both schools and hospitals are capital-poor; energy price decontrol hurts hospitals and schools, but tax breaks generated by the windfall profits tax do not help them; rate base regulation discourages energy conservation in hospitals if the ICP can exert some influence on hospital rating, its effectiveness would increase; and individual schools may be information-poor with regard to energy conservation. (The ICP therefore has a role to play in publicizing and organizing information for this sector).

  11. Energy Conservation Checklist for Universities and Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Physical Plant Administrators of Universities and Colleges, Washington, DC.

    Several specific success stories are included here from institutions that have had energy conservation programs long enough to establish meaningful statistics. They illustrate why it is not unreasonable for most institutions to meet the federal objective of a 15% reduction in energy consumption, even if 1973 is used as the base year, but with some…

  12. A. La Rosa Lecture Notes ENERGY CONSERVATION

    E-print Network

    1 A. La Rosa Lecture Notes PH 213. CONSERVATION of ENERGY Ref: This section taken from The Feynman Lectures Vol. 1, Ch. 4] I.1. What is energy of a multiple particle rigid body II.3 Limitation of the CWE theorem II.4 Generalization of the Classical Work

  13. On Energy Conservation in Lund String Fragmentation

    E-print Network

    Patrik Eden

    2000-04-14

    I discuss a Monte Carlo algorithm for hadronization in the Lund string fragmentation picture, which conserves energy and momentum exactly as is proposed by the model. An embryo to this Monte Carlo is used to calculate the total decay density of a string. This is found to reach its predicted asymptotic behaviour already at a string energy of about six hadron masses.

  14. Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D 

    E-print Network

    Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

    1981-01-01

    Presented herein is the history of 'Energy Conservation at the Westinghouse R&D Center' from the time of the OPEC crisis to the present and forecasts of our intended programs for the next few years. The energy and fuel saved from 1973 to 1977...

  15. 77 FR 40530 - Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ...Determine Installed Price C. Energy Use Analysis D...manufacturer selling price and product efficiency...evaluating as potential energy conservation standards...manufacturer selling price, sales taxes, distribution...of the product (energy cost, water...

  16. 76 FR 17573 - Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment: Public Meeting and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-30

    ...Determine Installed Price C. Energy Use Analysis D...manufacturer selling price and equipment efficiency...is evaluating for energy conservation standards...manufacturer selling price, sales taxes, distribution...of the equipment (energy cost and...

  17. 77 FR 3404 - Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers: Public Meeting and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-24

    ...Determine Installed Price C. Energy Use Analysis D...manufacturer selling price and equipment efficiency...is evaluating for energy conservation standards...manufacturer selling price, sales taxes, distribution...of the equipment (energy cost, water...

  18. Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Conservation Investments 

    E-print Network

    Reid, M. W.

    1984-01-01

    the financial attractiveness of a potential capital investment. In some Table 2 shows a projection of cash flo~s firms the IRR goes under a different name, for a hypothetical conservation investment. such as "di scounted cash flow rate of Cash inflows... 105 100 100 100 F. INVESTMENT TAX CREDIT 100 G. ENERGY TAX CREDIT H. NON-ENERGY CASH FLO~ (1000) 121 53 46 44 41 (61) (63) (66) (69) (71) (=A+C+E+F+G) PRESENT VALUE OF CASH FLO~S AT 15 PERCENT DISCOUNT RATE = (888.1) EQUIVALENT LEVEL COST...

  19. 75 FR 59469 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-27

    ...-Size Freezers 3. Compact Refrigeration Products 4. Built-In Refrigeration Products 5. Summary of... document as ``refrigeration products''), shall be designed to ``achieve the maximum improvement in energy... this notice, DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for refrigeration products....

  20. Energy Conservation Fund: Helping Corporations Develop Energy Conservation Strategies and Reduce Utility Costs 

    E-print Network

    Swanson, G. A.; Houston, W.

    2005-01-01

    Energy conservation projects can save companies significant money over time and often pay for themselves very quickly. This is especially true with the dramatic increase in energy costs over the past few years. Yet convincing corporate decision...

  1. Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting 

    E-print Network

    Meharg, E.

    1979-01-01

    In order to reduce energy use in lighting Union Carbide recently issued drastically reduced new lighting level standards. A computerized lighting cost program was also developed. Using this program a number of additional energy saving techniques...

  2. Teaching Energy Conservation as a Unifying Principle in Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solbes, Jordi; Guisasola, Jenaro; Tarin, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    In this work we present the design and assessment of a teaching sequence aimed at introducing the principle of energy conservation at post-compulsory secondary school level (16-18 year olds). The proposal is based on the result of research into teaching-learning difficulties and on the analysis of the physics framework. Evidence is shown that this…

  3. 75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of...

  4. Energy conservation through sealing technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stair, W. K.; Ludwig, L. P.

    1978-01-01

    Improvements in fluid film sealing resulting from a proposed research program could lead to an annual energy saving, on a national basis, equivalent to about 37 million bbl of oil or 0.3% of the total U.S. energy consumption. Further, the application of known sealing technology can result in an annual saving of an additional 10 million bbl of oil. The energy saving would be accomplished by reduction in process heat energy loss, reduction of frictional energy generated, and minimization of energy required to operate ancillary equipment associated with the seal system. In addition to energy saving, cost effectiveness is further enhanced by reduction in maintenance and in minimization of equipment for collecting leakage and for meeting environmental pollution standards.

  5. A surface-scattering model satisfying energy conservation and reciprocity

    E-print Network

    Sasihithlu, Karthik; Hugonin, Jean-Paul; Greffet, Jean-Jacques

    2015-01-01

    In order for surface scattering models to be accurate they must necessarily satisfy energy conservation and reciprocity principles. Roughness scattering models based on Kirchoff's approximation or perturbation theory do not satisfy these criteria in all frequency ranges. Here we present a surface scattering model based on analysis of scattering from a layer of particles on top of a substrate in the dipole approximation which satisfies both energy conservation and reciprocity and is thus accurate in all frequency ranges. The model takes into account the absorption in the substrate induced by the particles but does not take into account the near-field interactions between the particles.

  6. Energy conservation in museums and historic buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

    1983-08-01

    The special environmental needs of museums and historic buildings can be met through methods that conserve energy as well. The research reported in this article is a result of a project undertaken to assess the energy conservation possibilities in such buildings. The irreplaceable nature of museum collections and the historic structures which often house them mandates that proper care be taken not to cause any irreversible damage in the process of saving energy. This article outlines specific heating, cooling and humidity control guidelines to follow, and recommends that all such buildings have an energy audit performed on their facilities. It also describes an energy use data base which has been compiled to show the actual energy consumption of museums.

  7. Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

    1981-12-01

    This document is a study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major end-use sectors. The study develops and applies a systematic approach to identifying and screening applied energy conservation research opportunities. To broadly cover the energy end-use sectors, this study develops useful information relating to the areas where federally-funded applied research will most likely play an important role in promoting energy conservation. This study is not designed to produce a detailed agenda of specific recommended research activities. The general information presented allows uniform comparisons of disparate research areas and as such provides the basis for formulating a cost-effective, comprehensive federal-applied energy conservation research strategy. Chapter 2 discusses the various methodologies that have been used in the past to identify research opportunities and details the approach used here. In Chapters 3, 4, and 5 the methodology is applied to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors and the opportunities for applied research in these sectors are discussed.Chapter 6 synthesizes the results of the previous three chapters to give a comprehensive picture of applied energy conservation research opportunities across all end-use sectors and presents the conclusions to the report.

  8. Reliable aerial thermography for energy conservation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jack, J. R.; Bowman, R. L.

    1981-01-01

    A method for energy conservation, the aerial thermography survey, is discussed. It locates sources of energy losses and wasteful energy management practices. An operational map is presented for clear sky conditions. The map outlines the key environmental conditions conductive to obtaining reliable aerial thermography. The map is developed from defined visual and heat loss discrimination criteria which are quantized based on flat roof heat transfer calculations.

  9. Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach

    E-print Network

    Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach campaigns. by Kyle Bruce of Thesis: Marine conservation in nonprofits: An analysis of advocacy and outreach campaigns. Examining-building around marine conservation issues, evidence suggests society has pushed itself past planetary boundaries

  10. 78 FR 73355 - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-05

    ...1710, 1717, 1721, et al. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program...1724, and 1730 RIN 0572-AC19 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program...financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs)...

  11. 77 FR 43723 - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ...1724, and 1730 RIN 0572-AC19 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program...financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs) sponsored...implementing demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation...

  12. First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation/Management of the Texas A&M University- Kingsville Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center 

    E-print Network

    Medina, M. A.; Elkassabgi, Y.

    1995-01-01

    by the University City Science Center, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the 1993-94 academic year, the Center conducted 15 energy audits of small and medium sized manufacturing plants in South Texas. The SIC code of the plants audited ranged from... include the introduction of new technologies, the adoption of modem and efficient equipment, and the implementation of more effective operating practices. Number 0' Plants by SIC , ? .-- P1:..:;lII1:;:=--wlthin-=? --,.. =:':..:;150:..::mil...

  13. Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

    1982-11-01

    This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

  14. Energy Conservation Equations of Motion

    E-print Network

    Vinokurov, Nikolay A

    2015-01-01

    A conventional derivation of motion equations in mechanics and field equations in field theory is based on the principle of least action with a proper Lagrangian. With a time-independent Lagrangian, a function of coordinates and velocities that is called energy is constant. This paper presents an alternative approach, namely derivation of a general form of equations of motion that keep the system energy, expressed as a function of generalized coordinates and corresponding velocities, constant. These are Lagrange equations with addition of gyroscopic forces. The important fact, that the energy is defined as the function on the tangent bundle of configuration manifold, is used explicitly for the derivation. The Lagrangian is derived from a known energy function. A development of generalized Hamilton and Lagrange equations without the use of variational principles is proposed. The use of new technique is applied to derivation of some equations.

  15. Graphical Methods in Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    McAlister, J.

    1985-01-01

    It goes without saying that more efficient use of electrical energy results in savings for both companies and their customers, but effective communication of such information to customers, clients, management, and anyone ...

  16. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production 

    E-print Network

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

  17. Energy and Its Conservation Work: not always what you think

    E-print Network

    Glashausser, Charles

    CHAPTER 6 Energy and Its Conservation Work: not always what you think Energy of motion: kinetic energy Energy of position: potential energy Gravitational potential energy The reference level Mechanical energy and its conservation Electric potential energy Springs: elastic potential energy Hooke's law

  18. Energy Conservation Guidebook : to be Used in Conjunction with the Energy Conservation Policies October 1993.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-11-01

    This guidebook is an instrument for implementing BPA`s Energy Conservation Policies established through the concensus of the four Area Office Managers and the Assistant Administrator for the Office of Energy Resources. As technical support for, and elaboration of, the Energy Conservation Policies, the Guidebook follows the format of the Policies themselves. The Guidebook tackles each section of the Policies in order, again assigning roles and responsibilities where appropriate, enlarging on policy issues and, where appropriate, outlining data considerations. The sections in order are: conservation load reduction, cost-effectiveness limits, BA management targets, consumer contributions, utility contribution, program verification, and program evaluation.

  19. Labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Three papers are presented discussing the labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures, namely: Generation of the Industry/Occupation Wage Matrix and Related Matters, by Carole Green; Job Shifts from Energy Conservation (Salary Distribution Effects), by Robert A. Herendeen; and Energy and Labor Implication of Improving Thermal Integrity of New Houses, by John Joseph Nangle. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper.

  20. The Urgent Need for Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abelson, Philip H.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the serious nature of the Energy Crisis'' and the dependence of the United States economy on imported hydrocarbons. Urges immediate action to alleviate the situation by increasing domestic production of oil, substituting coal for oil, and by conservation, especially in the use of automobile fuel. (JR)

  1. Low-Tech Energy Conservation for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Benjamin

    The American Institute of Architects National Committee on Architecture for Education presents this guide which addresses methods of energy conservation in school buildings with simple design, construction, and equipment-control technology so that trained and creative people can take over functions normally done by machinery and automated…

  2. Energy conservation, using remote thermal scanning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowman, R. L.; Jack, J. R.

    1978-01-01

    Airborne thermal infrared scans and thermal maps utilized in NASA's energy conservation program have proven to be efficient cost-effective method for identifying heat losses from building roofs and heating system distribution lines. Method employs commercially available equipment in highly developed way.

  3. Home Energy Conservation Training Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia Univ., Morgantown. Coll. of Human Resources and Education.

    Described is a project designed to present four training sessions for community specialists representing outreach interests such as cooperative extension, senior citizens organizations, and welfare agencies. Training consists of instruction in contemporary knowledge, skills, and methods of home energy conservation, and in how to teach others to…

  4. Thermal Comfort and Strategies for Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rohles, Frederick H., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses studies in thermal comfort which served as the basis for the comfort standard. Examines seven variables in the human response to the thermal environment in terms of the ways in which they can be modified to conserve energy. (Author/MK)

  5. Groucho: An Energy Conservation Computer Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canipe, Stephen L.

    Groucho is a computer game designed to teach energy conservation concepts to upper elementary and junior high school students. The game is written in Applesoft Basic for the Apple II microcomputer. A complete listing of the program is provided. The game utilizes low resolution graphics to reward students for correct answers to 10 questions…

  6. Energy Conservation Research Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cayemberg, Merlin; And Others

    This study explored the availability of energy conservation programs at community colleges; the apparent need for such programs or courses by industry, business, and government; and the types of programs, if any, which should be offered at the vocational/technical level. Information was sought from 52 current two-year programs, the fifty state…

  7. Energy conservation in fertilizer production

    SciTech Connect

    Mings, W.J.; Sonnett, W.M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The PCR uses the heat of reaction of ammonia with phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid to replace fossil fuel heat used in granulating and drying fertilizer. The device has been installed in about 30 fertilizer plants across the U.S.A. resulting in current annual energy savings equivalent to approximately 11 million gallons of fuel oil. In six years of cooperation with the TVA, the DOE spent about one million dollars on the PCR technology transfer effort. This TVA project is a notable success based upon demonstrated energy savings and industry acceptance of the technology. The technology is applicable to producing NPKS, DAP and MAP types of fertilizer. This paper discusses the technology with emphasis on the technology transfer work conducted by TVA and supported by DOE-OIP.

  8. 77 FR 18477 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ... (CAIR, 70 FR 25162 (May 12, 2005)), but not the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR, 70 FR 28606 (May 18, 2005... March 27, 2012 Part III Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... / Vol. 77 , No. 59 / Tuesday, March 27, 2012 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR...

  9. Energy conservation indicators. 1982 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Belzer, D.B.

    1982-09-01

    A series of Energy Conservation Indicators were developed for the Department of Energy to assist in the evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. As descriptive statistics that signify current conditions and trends related to efficiency of energy use, indicators provide a way of measuring, monitoring, or inferring actual responses by consumers in markets for energy services. Related sets of indicators are presented in some 40 one-page indicator summaries. Indicators are shown graphically, followed by several paragraphs that explain their derivation and highlight key findings. Indicators are classified according to broad end-use sectors: Aggregate (economy), Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Transportation and Electric Utilities. In most cases annual time series information is presented covering the period 1960 through 1981.

  10. How energy conservation limits our measurements

    E-print Network

    Miguel Navascues; Sandu Popescu

    2014-04-25

    Observations in Quantum Mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this paper we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with non-trivial energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and we quantify them exactly when the target is a two-level quantum system. Our work thus identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake.

  11. How energy conservation limits our measurements.

    PubMed

    Navascués, Miguel; Popescu, Sandu

    2014-04-11

    Observations in quantum mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this Letter, we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with a nonconstant energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and, in case the target is a two-level quantum system, we quantify them exactly. Our Letter, thus, identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake. PMID:24765932

  12. Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study

    SciTech Connect

    Krstulovich, S.F.

    1987-10-31

    This report is developed as part of the Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis.

  13. Energy Conservation in Process Heaters 

    E-print Network

    Bagge, R. W.

    1982-01-01

    for the first case are given while the second concept is examined in more detail. Upgrading of heater efficiency should primarily aim at transferring as much energy as feasible to the actual process. When this is not possible the secondary target should...

  14. Energy conservation in large buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenfeld, A.; Hafemeister, D.

    1985-11-01

    As energy prices rise, newly energy aware designers use better tools and technology to create energy efficient buildings. Thus the U.S. office stock (average age 20 years) uses 250 kBTU/ft2 of resource energy, but the guzzler of 1972 uses 500 (up×2), and the 1986 ASHRAE standards call for 100-125 (less than 25% of their 1972 ancestors). Surprisingly, the first real cost of these efficient buildings has not risen since 1972. Scaling laws are used to calculate heat gains and losses of buildings to obtain the ?T(free) which can be as large as 15-30 °C (30-60 °F) for large buildings. The net thermal demand and thermal time constants are determined for the Swedish Thermodeck buildings which need essentially no heat in the winter and no chillers in summer. The BECA and other data bases for large buildings are discussed. Off-peak cooling for large buildings is analyzed in terms of saving peak-electrical power. By downsizing chillers and using cheaper, off-peak power, cost-effective thermal storage in new commercial buildings can reduce U.S. peak power demands by 10-20 GW in 15 years. A further potential of about 40 GW is available from adopting partial thermal storage and more efficient air conditioners in existing buildings.

  15. Energy-conservation study for the US Air Force Academy

    SciTech Connect

    Peterson, J.L.; Davis, L.B.

    1983-01-01

    The United States Air Force Academy (AFA) has asked the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist them in conducting detailed energy and solar analyses of selected AFA buildings using the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. The results of the energy conservation study conducted by Los Alamos in FY 1981 and 1982 for Building 2360 (Vandenberg Hall), Building 2169 (Field House), and Building 2410 (Aeronautics Laboratory) are presented. Energy Conservation and Solar Opportunities (ECOs) are identified for each building and predicted heating, cooling and electric energy savings are presented for each ECO. Economic results are summarized as annual dollars saved, discounted benefit-to-cost ratio, maximum investment targets, and the life-cycle cost of implementing each ECO.

  16. Dissipative or Conservative cosmology with dark energy ?

    E-print Network

    Marek Szydlowski; Orest Hrycyna

    2007-11-24

    All evolutional paths for all admissible initial conditions of FRW cosmological models with dissipative dust fluid (described by dark matter, baryonic matter and dark energy) are analyzed using dynamical system approach. With that approach, one is able to see how generic the class of solutions leading to the desired property -- acceleration -- is. The theory of dynamical systems also offers a possibility of investigating all possible solutions and their stability with tools of Newtonian mechanics of a particle moving in a 1-dimensional potential which is parameterized by the cosmological scale factor. We demonstrate that flat cosmology with bulk viscosity can be treated as a conservative system with a potential function of the Chaplygin gas type. We also confront viscous models with SNIa observations. The best fitted models are obtained by minimizing the $\\chi^{2}$ function which is illustrated by residuals and $\\chi^{2}$ levels in the space of model independent parameters. The general conclusion is that SNIa data supports the viscous model without the cosmological constant. The obtained values of $\\chi^{2}$ statistic are comparable for both the viscous model and LCDM model. The Bayesian information criteria are used to compare the models with different power law parameterization of viscous effects. Our result of this analysis shows that SNIa data supports viscous cosmology more than the LCDM model if the coefficient in viscosity parameterization is fixed. The Bayes factor is also used to obtain the posterior probability of the model.

  17. Conservation in the energy industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The basic energy supply and utilization problems faced by the United States were described. Actions which might alleviate the domestic shortfall of petroleum and natural gas are described, analyzed and overall impacts are assessed. Specific actions included are coal gasification, in situ shale oil production, improved oil and gas recovery, importation of liquid natural gas and deregulation of natural gas prices. These actions are weighed against each other as alternate techniques of alleviating or overcoming existing shortfalls.

  18. Adaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Heidemann, John

    Adaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks Ya Xu, John Heidemann, Deborah and simulation studies show that our energy-conserving algorithms can consume as little as 50% of the energy of energy limited nodes, so designing power-conserving protocols deserves study. For some scenarios, power

  19. Finite difference schemes for that inherit energy conservation or dissipation

    E-print Network

    the energy conservation or dissipation property from nonlinear partial differential equations­Hilliard equation, and numerically verified the inheritance of the energy conservation and dissipation properties for KdV eq. and Cahn­Hilliard eq. Key words. finite difference method, energy conservation, energy dissi

  20. Exploiting Redundancy to Conserve Energy in Storage Systems

    E-print Network

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    Exploiting Redundancy to Conserve Energy in Storage Systems Eduardo Pinheiro Rutgers University disk energy. Second, it evaluates the previ- ous (redundancy-oblivious) energy conservation techniques. Our simulation results show that our technique can conserve 20-61% of the disk energy consumed

  1. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In purchasing original or, when...

  2. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In purchasing original or, when...

  3. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In purchasing original or, when...

  4. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In purchasing original or, when...

  5. 24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In purchasing original or, when...

  6. 75 FR 41102 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Furnace Fans: Reopening of Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... standards for furnace fans on June 3, 2010 by publishing a notice in the Federal Register (75 FR 31323). The... establish energy conservation standards for the use of electricity for purposes of circulating air...

  7. 78 FR 12969 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...industrial equipment, including residential water heaters. EPCA also requires the U.S...standards for several classes of residential water heaters in an April 2010 final rule....

  8. Energy conservation for dynamical black holes.

    PubMed

    Hayward, Sean A

    2004-12-17

    An energy conservation law is described, expressing the increase in mass-energy of a general black hole in terms of the energy densities of the infalling matter and gravitational radiation. This first law of black-hole dynamics describes how a black hole grows and is regular in the limit where it ceases to grow. An effective gravitational-radiation energy tensor is obtained, providing measures of both ingoing and outgoing, transverse and longitudinal gravitational radiation on and near a black hole. Corresponding energy-tensor forms of the first law involve a preferred time vector which plays the role of a stationary Killing vector. Identifying an energy flux, vanishing if and only if the horizon is null, allows a division into energy supply and work terms. The energy supply can be expressed in terms of area increase and a newly defined surface gravity, yielding a Gibbs-like equation. PMID:15697889

  9. Energy conservation for pasteurizer apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Huling, J.K.

    1981-07-21

    In the pasteurizing of beverages in closed containers, the containers arrive generally in a chilled state and are progressively raised in temperature approaching the pasteurizing temperature and, after being pasteurized for an appropriate time, are progressively cooled down. Apparatus of this type is provided with a source of chilled water which is available for use when skips occur in the supply of the containers, the chilled water being accumulated from the incoming containers and from common outside sources. The accumulated water in its chilled state saves substantial amounts of energy by eliminating mechanical or other means to produce the chill effect, and such source of water is constantly available under control which senses the presence of a skip in the supply of containers.

  10. Saving Money Through Employee Motivation and Participation in Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Tomlin, W.

    1980-01-01

    motivation and participation in energy conservation, a topic sometimes neglected and all too infrequently discussed in relation to energy conservation. In our opinion however, it is a topic that is crucial to achieving and sustaining an ongoing in...

  11. Designing for Energy Conservation - The Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital 

    E-print Network

    Wiernik, L. B.; Ranzau, P. A.

    1984-01-01

    The concept of designing for energy conservation has long been a concern of Houston Lighting & Power (HL&P), culminating in the development of a local energy conservation design award competition in 1980. This competition sponsored by HL...

  12. Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities: executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

    1981-11-01

    A study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use is presented. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major energy end-use sectors. The analysis employs a systematic process for both identifying and screening candidate energy conservation research areas. The study team was comprehensive in its review of aggregate energy consumption and employed explicit criteria to evaluate the technology research areas.

  13. 78 FR 7296 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-01

    ...Pursuant to the American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is initiating an effort to determine whether to amend the current energy conservation standards for certain commercial air-conditioning and heating equipment. This notice seeks to solicit information from the public to help DOE determine whether national standards more stringent than......

  14. 77 FR 28927 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... FR 2356, 2382-98 (Jan. 17, 2012). The energy conservation standards being adopted in today's final... would save a significant amount of energy and are technologically feasible. 77 FR 2356, 2416-17 (Jan. 17... energy efficiency ratings, they must be clearly provided in the I&O manual shipped with the unit. 77...

  15. 78 FR 36315 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Standby Mode and Off Mode for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-17

    ... and to consider inclusion of such power as part of the energy conservation standards rulemaking. 73 FR.... 74 FR 16040, 16042 (Apr. 8, 2009). In the interim, DOE proceeded with consideration of energy... mode energy use of the microwave component. 78 FR 4015 (Jan. 18, 2013). The Association of...

  16. Sweet Grass Elementary School: A Study in Energy Conservation. Energy Conservation: School Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonton Public Schools (Alberta).

    The results of building a new school in Edmonton (Alberta) in accordance with energy efficient principles are described in this report, the third and last in a series describing three projects utilizing different approaches to energy conservation. The Sweet Grass Elementary School project consisted in designing, building, and monitoring an energy

  17. Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

    2014-10-01

    Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention.1,2 Imagine that a pair of coherent, point-like wave sources (located at the same position) radiates sinusoidal waves of amplitude A, spreading in a uniform medium. Assume also that radiation of the two sources is in phase. Since the energy of oscillation, E, is proportional to amplitude squared, one quickly arrives at an apparent paradox. That is, the energy of oscillation in every point due to only one source is E0=CA2 (C is the coefficient of proportionality), while according to the linear superposition principle, the combined amplitude of oscillations from the two sources is 2A and the energy of oscillations is E =C(2A)2=4CA2=4E0, i.e., four (not two) times greater than the energy of oscillation of one isolated source in the absence of the second. In the general case, superposition of two waves with identical amplitudes and wavelengths produces a wave with an intensity somewhere between zero and four times the intensity of a single wave source (depending on relative phase of the two waves). This leads to the obvious question: how can we account for the extra (or missing) energy that necessarily results from in-phase (or anti-phase) wave interference? This apparent violation of the principle of conservation energy, due to the superposition of waves, is the primary topic of this paper.

  18. Low-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple low-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: Low-wattage T8 lighting retrofit, T12 to T8 lighting retrofit, LED Exit signs retrofit, Occupancy sensors, Screw-in lighting retrofit, and central lighting controls. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cooling load reduction, heating load increases, cost savings, building life cycle costs including: Simple payback, discounted payback,more »net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.« less

  19. High-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple high-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: 1000 Watt to 750 Watt High-pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, 400 Watt to 360 Watt High Pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T5 lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T8 lighting retrofit, and Daylighting. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, building lifemore »cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.« less

  20. DuPont Parlin Energy Conservation Team 

    E-print Network

    Derer, R.; Pollock, M.; Mumink, B.; Guidry, V.; Kersch, J.

    2015-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-15-06-03.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 8554 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-15-06-03.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 DuPont Parlin Energy... Conservation Mike Pollock DuPont Engineering Energy Operations Consultant IETC – 2015 New Orleans, LA ESL-IE-15-06-03 Proceedings of the Thrity-Seventh Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. June 2-4, 2015 2? Central NJ location...

  1. High-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple high-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: 1000 Watt to 750 Watt High-pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, 400 Watt to 360 Watt High Pressure Sodium lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T5 lighting retrofit, High Intensity Discharge to T8 lighting retrofit, and Daylighting. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cost savings, building life cycle costs including: simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  2. Low-bay Lighting Energy Conservation Measures

    SciTech Connect

    2010-12-31

    This software requires inputs of simple low-bay lighting system inventory information and calculates the energy and cost benefits of various retrofit opportunities. This tool includes energy conservation measures for: Low-wattage T8 lighting retrofit, T12 to T8 lighting retrofit, LED Exit signs retrofit, Occupancy sensors, Screw-in lighting retrofit, and central lighting controls. This tool calculates energy savings, demand reduction, cooling load reduction, heating load increases, cost savings, building life cycle costs including: Simple payback, discounted payback, net-present value, and savings to investment ratio. In addition this tool also displays the environmental benefits of a project.

  3. Error magnitude in the conservation of energy in the

    E-print Network

    van Thienen, Peter

    Appendix A Error magnitude in the conservation of energy in the approximate melt segregation scheme A.1 Conservation of energy The approximate melt segregation used in the thermochemical convection models of chap- ters 6 and 7 has an impact on the conservation of energy, because although 'segregated

  4. Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk Array-Based Servers

    E-print Network

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    Energy Conservation Techniques for Disk Array-Based Servers Eduardo Pinheiro and Ricardo.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study energy conservation techniques for disk array-based network servers. First conserve significant energy with only a small fraction of delayed requests. Overall, we find that PDC

  5. Conservation of `moving' energy in nonholonomic systems with affine constraints

    E-print Network

    Fassò, Francesco

    Conservation of `moving' energy in nonholonomic systems with affine constraints and integrability point out that, nevertheless, in certain cases, there is a modification of the energy that is conserved-periodic on tori of dimension up to three. Keywords: Nonholonomic mechanical systems, Conservation of energy

  6. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ONSAGER'S CONJECTURE FOR THE EULER EQUATIONS

    E-print Network

    Shvydkoy, Roman

    ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ONSAGER'S CONJECTURE FOR THE EULER EQUATIONS A. CHESKIDOV, P. CONSTANTIN, S for incompressible fluids in R3 conserve energy only if they have a certain minimal smoothness, (of order of 1 that energy is conserved for velocities in the function space B 1/3 3,c(N). We show that this space is sharp

  7. iPower: An Energy Conservation System for

    E-print Network

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    iPower: An Energy Conservation System for Intelligent Buildings by Wireless Sensor Networks Lun. Exploiting the context-aware capability of WSN to achieve energy conservation in intelligent buildings is an attractive direction. We thus propose an iPower (intelligent and personalized energy-conservation system

  8. Conserving Energy with On-Demand Topology Management

    E-print Network

    Conserving Energy with On-Demand Topology Management Cigdem Sengul Department of Computer Science from the need to conserve energy while maintain- ing communication. Although topology management], [4]. A common approach to idle- time energy conservation is to switch to a power-save mode where

  9. Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Attitudes towards Energy Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekbiyik, Ahmet; Ipek, Cemalettin

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to examine the pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation. In order to reach this main aim following research questions are formulated: (1) What are the attitude levels of pre-service primary teachers in terms of energy conservation? (2) Do pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation

  10. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation...-General Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials responsible for procurement..., which has been established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b)...

  11. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation...-General Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials responsible for procurement..., which has been established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b)...

  12. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true Energy conservation...-General Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials responsible for procurement..., which has been established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b)...

  13. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation...-General Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials responsible for procurement..., which has been established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b)...

  14. 41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Energy conservation...-General Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials responsible for procurement..., which has been established pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act. (b)...

  15. Energy-conserving development regulations: current practice

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-05-01

    Almost every aspect of land development has an effect on energy use, from minute architectural details to broad considerations of urban density. Energy-efficiency depends in part on how development is planned and carried out. Conventional development regulations, such as zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, can be adapted in many ways to promote energy conservation at the community level. This report is about energy-efficient site and neighborhood design. It examines recent experiences of local governments that have adopted new development regulations or amended existing ones to promote energy conservation, more efficient generation and distribution, or a switch to alternative, renewable sources. Although much has been written in recent years about saving energy through community design, actual experience in applying these new ideas is still limited. To date, most communities have focused their efforts on studying the problem, documenting consumption patterns, and writing reports and plans. Only a handful have amended their land-use controls for the express purpose of saving energy. This study identifies 13 of these pioneering communities, after undertaking a survey of over 1400 local, regional, and state planning agencies. It takes a look at their experiences, to learn what has been done, how well it has worked, and what problems have been encountered.

  16. Solar energy, conservation, and rental housing

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, A.; Raab, J.

    1981-03-01

    Renters must pay the majority of energy costs either directly or in their rents. They have limited financial and legal abilities to make improvements necessary to increase substantially the energy efficiency of rental housing. This report discusses the problem of how to increase investments in energy conservation and solar energy devices for rental housing, which constitutes over one-third of US housing. As background, this report characterizes the rental-housing market, including owners' decision-making criteria. Federal, state, and local policies that affect energy-related investments in rental housing are described. Programs are divided into five major categories: (1) programs for tenants, (2) financial incentives for owners, (3) leasing of solar energy equipment, (4) mediation between tenants and landlords, and (5) regulation. The report concludes that energy and conservation programs aimed at the residential sector must disaggregate owner-occupied housing from rental housing for maximum effect. No one program is advocated since local rental-housing markets differ substantially. For improvements greater than no-cost or low-cost items, programs must be directed at rental-housing owners and not only at tenants.

  17. Energy conservation - A test for scattering approximations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acquista, C.; Holland, A. C.

    1980-01-01

    The roles of the extinction theorem and energy conservation in obtaining the scattering and absorption cross sections for several light scattering approximations are explored. It is shown that the Rayleigh, Rayleigh-Gans, anomalous diffraction, geometrical optics, and Shifrin approximations all lead to reasonable values of the cross sections, while the modified Mie approximation does not. Further examination of the modified Mie approximation for the ensembles of nonspherical particles reveals additional problems with that method.

  18. Energy Conservation Through Improved Industrial Ventilation in Small and Medium-Sized Industrial Plants 

    E-print Network

    Saman, N. F.; Nutter, D. W.

    1994-01-01

    INDUSTRIAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE 1994 ESL-PA-94/04-03 REPRINTED WITH PERMISSION ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH IMPROVED INDUSTRIAL VENTILATION IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED INDUSTRIAL PLANTS Namir Saman, Ph.D., P.E. Visiting Assistant Professor Energy System... Laboratory Texas A&M University ABSTRACT This paper discusses energy conservation projects in the area of industrial ventilation that have been recommended by the Texas A&M University Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center (EADQ to small and medium...

  19. Energy Conservation: Guidelines for Action. Suggested Guidelines for Local School District Development of Energy Conservation Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan Association of School Administrators, East Lansing.

    Curriculum guidelines for the local development of energy conservation programs in public schools reflect an interdisciplinary educational approach--the result of a coordinated effort by industry, commerce, education, and government agencies concerned with the energy crisis. The scope and nature of the problem, with its implications for education…

  20. 76 FR 56126 - Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of “Smart” Appliances in Energy Conservation Standards and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... on ``smart'' appliances published August 5, 2011 (76 FR 47518) if they are received no later than... information (RFI) in the Federal Register (76 FR 47518) to request information on the treatment of ``smart... Parts 430 and 431 Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of ``Smart'' Appliances in Energy...

  1. 78 FR 51463 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ..., issued on January 18, 2011. 76 FR 3281, (Jan. 21, 2011). E.O. 13563 is supplemental to and explicitly... consider. 76 FR 1812 (April 1, 2011). In the April 2011 notice, DOE requested comment on issues that would... August 20, 2013 Part V Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program:...

  2. 77 FR 32307 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ...), DOE prescribed amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes washers. 66 FR 3314. EPCA...), a NOPR on October 5, 2000 (65 FR 59550), and a final rule on January 12, 2001 revising the energy..., 70 FR 25162 (May 12, 2005)), but not the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR, 70 FR 28606 (May 18,...

  3. 78 FR 55781 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers and Freezers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... discuss the document. The notice also solicited comment on the matters raised in the document. 74 FR 411... preliminary analyses performed by DOE; and (4) potential standard levels that DOE could consider. 75 FR 17080... September 11, 2013 Part II Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program:...

  4. 76 FR 67037 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ...The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a direct final rule to establish amended energy conservation standards for residential furnaces and residential central air conditioners and heat pumps in the Federal Register on June 27, 2011. DOE has determined that the adverse comments received in response to the direct final rule do not provide a reasonable basis for withdrawing the direct......

  5. 77 FR 14509 - State Energy Program and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program; Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ...EESEP0216] State Energy Program and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...Information AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office...State Energy Program (SEP) and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block...

  6. Simulation model for assessing building energy-conservation policies

    SciTech Connect

    Kleeman, P T

    1980-05-01

    A multiple-region simulation model for estimating economic, environmental, and energy-related impacts of building energy-conservation policies is presented. The model is formulated as a time-stepped sequence of optimization subproblems, each reflecting building energy-conservation options and energy costs, and identifying optimal investments and energy consumption for the time step.

  7. Energy conservation and the transportation sector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The present status of the energy implications of the transportation systems in the United States was illustrated, with primary emphasis on the technologies and methods for achieving a substantial reduction in the associated energy price (approximately 25% of the nation's energy is consumed directly in the operation of these systems). These technologies may be classified as follows: (1) improvement of system efficiency (system operations or technological), (2) substitution for scarce energy resources (electrification, alternate fuels, use of man power, recycling), (3) curtailment of end use (managed population growth rate, education of citizenry, alternatives to personal transportation, improved urban planning, reduced travel incentives). Examples and illustrations were given. Thirty-four actions were chosen on the basis of a preliminary filtering process with the objective of: (1) demonstrating a methodological approach to arrive at logical and consistent conservation action packages, (2) recommending a viable and supportable specific set of actions.

  8. Energy Conservation at the Gravitational Collapse

    E-print Network

    V. Majernik

    2006-09-12

    We apply the principle of energy conservation to the motion of the test particle in gravitational field by requiring that its energy, gained by gravitation, has to be balanced by decrease of its rest mass. Due to the change of mass in gravitational field Newton's force law between gravitating bodies is modified, too. With this modified force law we build up the the classical field theory of gravitation in which all relevant field quantities are in the definition domain $r\\in [0,\\infty)$ finite and positive. We show that under such circumstances, the energy release at any gravitational collapse is finite. On the other side, the energy conservation leads to an equation which relates the mass change of the test particle due to gravitation and the metric of the corresponding gravitational field. The mass change in Newton's gravitational field lead to a remarkable simple metric which shifts, in contrast to the Schwarzschild metric, the horizon of events to the gravity center of the gravitational collapse.

  9. Conservation of Energy Thermodynamic Energy Equation

    E-print Network

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    T = change in internal energy (where Cp is the specific heat at constant pressure), and ­dp = change in energy due to the work of expansion. Adding dp to both sides of (1) and then dividing by Cpdt yields: dt dq Cdt dp Cdt dT pp 1 += (2) (a) (b) (c) with the specified terms defined as: a) rate of change

  10. Dealing with Energy Conservation Alternatives. CEFP Special Report No. 9. Energy Conservation: A New Challenge for Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Richard G.

    1973-01-01

    Examines how rising energy costs will affect school planning in general and urban school planning in particular. It discusses the energy crisis, the energy consumption by schools, and the potential for energy conservation in education. Also describes a project to be undertaken in New York City to determine ways of conserving energy in that city's…

  11. Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries

    SciTech Connect

    Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

    1992-01-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

  12. Energy Management and the Conservation Investment Decision 

    E-print Network

    DeLozier, T. C.

    1983-01-01

    do I get my money back, is the only basic interest. However, if one were to apply the same principles to energy conservation investment as they do to the purchase of bonds, stocks, real estate and other income pro ducing assets, they would see... what I see. I see returns of 30, 40, 50% sometimes over 100%, at a negative cost of capital. That is right: a negative cost of capital. Requi rements for Success It takes a great deal of expertise to make such a system work. It takes a complete...

  13. Energy Conservation and the Unruh Effect

    E-print Network

    Riuji Mochizuki; Takayuki Suga

    1999-08-30

    In this paper it is explicitly demonstrated that the energy conservation law is kept when a detector uniformly accelerated in the Minkowski vacuum is excited and emits a particle. This fact had been hidden in conventional approaches in which detectors were considered to be forced on trajectories. To lift the veil we suggest a detector model written in terms of the Minkowski coordinates. In this model the Hamiltonian of the detector involves a classical potential term instead of the detector's fixed trajectory. The transition rate agrees with the corresponding conventional one in the limit of an infinite mass detector though even then the recoil remains.

  14. Energy Conservation in Flat FRW Cosmology

    E-print Network

    Steven Maxson

    2009-01-07

    The consequence of energy conservation in the flat Friedmannn-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology is a strictly positive accelerating expansion. A mechanism is proposed for this expansion due to the effect of the attractive (negative) gravitational potential of matter as it is being included within the expanding horizon, and the offsetting work of metric expansion, which takes place at sub-luminal speed. In our semi-classical treatment, we deal with a quintic as the equation for the scale parameter. Implications for modeling the earliest parts of the primordial expansion are discussed.

  15. First National Conference on Microcomputer Applications for Conservation and Renewable Energy. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Osborn, D.E.

    1985-05-01

    The National Conference on Microcomputer Applications for Conservation and Renewable Energy serves to integrate the foregoing microcomputer energy applications, and to assist in setting goals and directions promoting a nationwide energy conservation ethic. Ranging from commercial HVAC and solar design packages to data acquisition systems and analysis to advanced energy modeling, the conference highlighted the widespread applications and uses made possible by the new microcomputer technologies. Microcomputer impacts on the development and use of solar and other renewable resources as energy conservation techniques were explored.

  16. Ames Energy: A Consumer's Guide to Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Women's Support Network, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA.

    Presented is an annotated bibliography of energy-related materials for the consumer. Materials (which include books, videotape recordings, magazines, pamphlets, and other media) are arranged by subject area. These area include: (1) earth sheltered buildings; (2) fuels; (3) general (including general energy conservation and insulation); (4) heat…

  17. Energy Conservation in Small Schools. Small Schools Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardener, Clark

    Information concerning methods and available materials for conserving energy is needed by small, rural schools to offset continued increasing energy costs and lack of financial support and technical assistance. The first step in developing an energy conservation policy is to obtain school board commitment and to establish an energy saving policy.…

  18. Modeling Energy Conservation in a Completely Integrable Boussinesq system

    E-print Network

    Kalisch, Henrik

    Modeling Energy Conservation in a Completely Integrable Boussinesq system Alfatih Ali and Henrik]. It is the purpose of the present paper to shed light on the conservation of energy in the context of the Kaup system Abstract This work presents a derivation of the energy density and energy flux of surface waves modeled

  19. Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Dry Ice Slider-Projectiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gales, Jenna; Baker, Blane

    2008-01-01

    Energy concepts are fundamentally important for describing and analyzing systems ranging from subatomic particles to spiral galaxies. In general, students first encounter such concepts in introductory courses that typically focus on forms of energy, energy transfer, and conservation laws. Within these courses, conservation of mechanical energy is…

  20. Energy Stable Flux Formulas For The Discontinuous Galerkin Discretization Of First Order Nonlinear Conservation Laws

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barth, Timothy; Charrier, Pierre; Mansour, Nagi N. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    We consider the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) finite element discretization of first order systems of conservation laws derivable as moments of the kinetic Boltzmann equation. This includes well known conservation law systems such as the Euler For the class of first order nonlinear conservation laws equipped with an entropy extension, an energy analysis of the DG method for the Cauchy initial value problem is developed. Using this DG energy analysis, several new variants of existing numerical flux functions are derived and shown to be energy stable.

  1. On the Coupling Effects between Elastic and Electromagnetic Fields from the Perspective of Conservation of Energy

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Peng

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the law of conservation of energy is applied to analyze reversible and coupling processes between elastic and electromagnetic fields. This approach is here called the energy formulation. For simple physical processes such as mechanical movement, diffusion and electrodynamic process, it is shown their governing equations all satisfy the law of conservation of energy. Then, analysis is extended to coupling effects. First, it is found the constitutive equations of the linear direct and converse piezoelectric and piezomagnetic effects guarantee that energy is conserved during the conversion of energies. Second, analyses found that for the generalized Villari effects, the electromagnetic energy can be treated as an extra term in the generalized elastic energy. Third, both the laws of conservation of momentum and energy are used to analyze electrostriction and magnetostriction. It is argued that both of these strictive effects are induced by the Maxwell stress. In addition, their energy is purely ele...

  2. 75 FR 56795 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... systematically enforce applicable energy and water conservation standards for covered products and covered equipment and provide for more accurate, comprehensive information about the energy and water use... Federal conservation standards, which include energy conservation, water conservation and design...

  3. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation...

  4. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation...

  5. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation...

  6. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation...

  7. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates. 430.32 Section 430.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates....

  8. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates. 430.32 Section 430.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates....

  9. 10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.34 Energy and water conservation...

  10. Simplified energy design economics: Principles of economics applied to energy conservation and solar energy investments in buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, H. E.; Ruegg, R. T.; Wilson, F.

    1980-01-01

    Economic analysis techniques for evaluating alternative energy conservation investments in buildings are presented. Life cycle cost, benefit cost, savings to investment, payback, and rate of return analyses are explained and illustrated. The procedure for discounting is described for a heat pump investment. Formulas, tables of discount factors, and detailed instructions are provided to give all information required to make economic evaluations of energy conserving building designs.

  11. How to Conserve Energy in School Transportation Systems. Energy Conservation Materials Package 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

    Energy conservation in school transportation is a major area of concern to the educational community. School buses travel in excess of four billion miles annually consuming 900 million gallons of fuel, transporting 55 percent of the school enrollment (grades K-12). Since the fuel allocation emergency, school transportation managers have begun…

  12. 76 FR 52854 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ... and management effectiveness of programs and/or projects. The ``Energy Conservation Standards.... DATES: The direct final rule published on April 21, 2011 (76 FR 22454) was effective on August 19, 2011... (ACEEE), Appliance Standards Awareness Project (ASAP), Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC),...

  13. 77 FR 31917 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ...) addressing energy conservation standards for these products. 72 FR 64432. On December 19, 2007, Congress... regulations at the time of preparation of the AEO, including the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR, 70 FR 25162 (May 12, 2005)), but not the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR, 70 FR 28606 (May 18, 2005))....

  14. 78 FR 73589 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-06

    ... and energy conservation standards. 74 FR 12058. On December 22, 2008, DOE proposed to update the test procedures under 10 CFR part 431 both for electric motors and small electric motors. 73 FR 78220. DOE... electric motor requirements. 64 FR 54114. In response to EISA 2007, on March 23, 2009, DOE updated,...

  15. 76 FR 57515 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-15

    ... after July 1, 2001. 62 FR 23102. This 1997 rule set the energy conservation standards that are currently... the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR, 70 FR 25162 (May 12, 2005)), but not the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR, 70 FR 28606 (May 18, 2005)). Subsequent regulations, including the proposed CAIR replacement...

  16. 77 FR 8525 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Standby Mode and Off Mode for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ... energy conservation standards. 73 FR 62034. In the October 2008 NOPR, DOE tentatively concluded that a....regulations.gov/#!docketDetail ;dct=FR+PR+N+O+SR;rpp=10;po=0;D=EERE- 2011-BT-STD-0048. This Web page will... in- place regulations, including the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR, 70 FR 25162 (May 12,...

  17. BPA's Eighth Annual Energy Conservation Management Conference : Proceedings.

    SciTech Connect

    Energy Conservation Management Conference; United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1981-01-01

    The five-year energy conservation program at Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is described at the conference. An overview of the program is presented. Topics covered in panel discussions include: how utilities can work effectively with weatherization contractors, homebuilders, energy auditors, and weatherization material suppliers; mechanisms for implementing conservation programs in the commercial sector; experiences gained in existing residential weatherization programs; and streamlining relationships between consumers, utilities, and BPA in providing services and getting feedback. The planning, programming, technical assistance, and engineering thrusts of BPA's conservation programs are discussed. Indoor air quality, renewable energy, and the regulator's role in relationships to energy conservation are discussed. Passive solar programs, DOE initiatives in solar and conservation for buildings, conservation potential in the commercial and industrial sectors, and current conservation research and development are also discussed. (MCW)

  18. Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency in the Northwestin the Northwest Tom EckmanTom Eckman Manager, Conservation ResourcesManager, Conservation Resources Northwest Power and Conservation CouncilNorthwest Power and Conservation Council Presented October 20, 2005

  19. Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation

    E-print Network

    Rissman, Adena

    Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation easements for wildlife conservation ADENA R. RISSMAN Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin

  20. 76 FR 52854 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ...dedicated electrical outlet). 3. Energy Price Forecast AGA stated that DOE's...AEO) 2010 Reference Case for energy prices under-accounts for the expansion...of the analysis for its default energy price forecast, and conducts...

  1. Opportunities for energy conservation through biotechnology

    SciTech Connect

    Young, J.K.; Griffin, E.A.; Russell, J.A.

    1984-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify and quantify potential energy savings available through the development and application of biotechnologies. This information is required in support of ECUT research planning efforts as an aid in identifying promising areas needing further consideration and development. It is also intended as background information for a companion ECUT study being conducted by the National Academy of Science to evaluate the use of bioprocessing methods to conserve energy. Several studies have been conducted recently to assess the status and implications of the development of biotechnology. The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) considered institutional, economic, and scientific problems and barriers. The National Science Foundation sponsored a study to examine regulatory needs for this new and expanding technology. Somewhat in contrast to these studies, this report covers principally the technical issues. It should be emphasized that the practicality of many developments in biotechnology is not evaluated solely on the basis of energy considerations. Bioprocesses must often compete with well-established coal, petroleum, and natural gas technologies. A complete evaluation of the technical, economical, and ecological impacts of the large-scale applications discussed in this report is not possible within the scope of this study. Instead, this report assesses the potential of biotechnology to save energy so that research into all aspects of implementation will be stimulated for those industries with significant energy savings potential. 92 references, 6 figures, 24 tables.

  2. Energy conservation study on Agripac Processing Plant, Salem, Oregon

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-15

    An energy study on electrical energy using systems was performed at Agripac plant No. 1 in Salem, Oregon, in the late summer and fall of 1984. The plant processes mainly green beans, corn and squash. The respective products are inspected, prepared and graded, after which they are either canned or frozen in freeze tunnels or cold storage cells. The canned products are sent through pressure cookers. In the case of green beans and corn, some of the product is frozen in freeze tunnels and dumped into tote bins for the repack operation, while some is packaged in cartons and quick frozen in blast freeze cells. For squash, all the product processed is put into cartons and frozen in the cells. Energy conservation measures were calculated using a simple payback analysis. Conservation measures have been evaluated interactively to avoid overestimating savings, assuming that measures that are cost effective will be implemented as a package. In some cases, mutually exclusive conservation measures have been considered for a single application. These have been presented as an either/or measure. Details of the options are included in the text and the calculation sheets.

  3. Energy conservation and equivalence principle in General Relativity

    E-print Network

    Michael B. Mensky

    2004-09-30

    The generalized Stokes theorem (connecting integrals of dimensions 3 and 4) is formulated in a curved space-time in terms of paths in Minkowski space (forming Path Group). A covariant integral form of the conservation law for the energy-momentum of matter is then derived in General Relativity. It extends Einstein's equivalence principle on the energy conservation, since it formulates the conservation law for the energy-momentum of matter without explicit including the gravitational field in the formulation.

  4. Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Petroleum Refining.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larsen, William Gale

    1990-01-01

    The focus of the analysis presented here is improved recovery (and use) of waste heat at existing petroleum refineries. The major energy-conservation opportunities associated with waste heat are systematically examined both physically and in terms of cost. The opportunities at the Study Refinery are systematically examined in detail. The presentation begins with an overview of the processes carried out in contemporary petroleum refineries including discussion of typical energy use. There follows a brief thermodynamic description of refinery energy flows with an emphasis on heat and on energy-efficiency analysis. The heart of the thesis is Chapters 3-5 describing heat recovery opportunities involving, respectively: extraction and use of heat from combustion gases being discharged through stacks, the exchange of heat between product streams, and uses for low-temperature waste heat. In Chapter 6, a unifying economic concept is introduced (with details in the Appendix): a "supply curve" for saved energy. This describes the potential rate of energy savings in barrels of oil-equivalent per year (in analogy with production capacity of oil or gas fields), as a function of the cost of saved energy in dollars per barrel (in analogy with the production cost of energy). The nature of the distribution is, of course, for the cost of saved energy to increase with increasing energy savings. In this chapter, estimates are presented for the energy conservation opportunities other than waste heat at the Study Refinery. All the opportunities are then summarized in a single supply curve. The extraordinary result in a cost-effective opportunity to reduce refinery energy use by some 26% at 1984 prices. This translates into roughly a 1 energy-cost reduction per 42-gallon barrel of petroleum input. Of course, investments are required; the net benefit would be about 1.5 cents per gallon of product. This would be a major benefit in relation to typical refinery earnings. The concluding chapter includes a discussion of which projects are likely to be carried out at the Study Refinery, and why many, perhaps most, will not. (Unfortunately the author--WGL--did not prepare more than a rough draft of the concluding chapter.). The importance of this dissertation is two-fold: First, it provides a systematic overview of the opportunity to save energy and reduce energy costs in petroleum refining, combined with an analysis of the specific opportunities at a major refinery. Such an analysis has not been presented in the public literature for any major industrial facility in the U.S. Second, it provides clear physical explanations of the heat recovery options and of the reasons why some options are more advantageous than others.

  5. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama 

    E-print Network

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    1985-01-01

    The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

  6. Energy Conservation Through Water Usage Reduction in the Semiconductor Industry 

    E-print Network

    Mendicino, L.; McCormack, K.; Gibson, S.; Patton, B.; Lyon, D.; Covington, J.

    1998-01-01

    systems. Indirect energy costs can also be allocated to steps in the UPW process. Motorola recognizes that by reducing UPW consumption, energy savings will result. Energy conservation can also be achieved by improving the UPW generation process itself...

  7. Residential Building Energy Analysis

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1990-09-01

    PEAR (Program for Energy Analysis of Residences) provides an easy-to-use and accurate method of estimating the energy and cost savings associated with various energy conservation measures in site-built single-family homes. Measures such as ceiling, wall, and floor insulation; different window type and glazing layers; infiltration levels; and equipment efficiency can be considered. PEAR also allows the user to consider the effects of roof and wall color, movable night insulation on the windows, reflective and heatmore »absorbing glass, an attached sunspace, and use of a night temperature setback. Regression techniques permit adjustments for different building geometries, window areas and orientations, wall construction, and extension of the data to 880 U.S. locations determined by climate parameters. Based on annual energy savings, user-specified costs of conservation measures, fuel, lifetime of measure, loan period, and fuel escalation and interest rates, PEAR calculates two economic indicators; the Simple Payback Period (SPP) and the Savings-to-Investment Ratio (SIR). Energy and cost savings of different sets of conservation measures can be compared in a single run. The program can be used both as a research tool by energy policy analysts and as a method for nontechnical energy calculation by architects, home builders, home owners, and others in the building industry.« less

  8. Project Energize: Outcomes of a Community Confernece on Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driscoll, Patricia; Deshler, David

    Intended to help program planners and evaluators in providing insight as to what can be accomplished in an educational program dealing with energy conservation, this report is an evaluation of the outcomes of a community conference on energy conservation. There is a brief description of the day-long energy conference attended by 178 people (38 of…

  9. Energy Conservation Management for School Administrators: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukco, Bernard J.

    Information concerning energy conservation management is presented to aid school administrators in improving the energy efficiency of their buildings and programs. Three general topics are discussed: (1) the general nature and unique characteristics of school energy management; (2) initial steps in developing a conservation program, including…

  10. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Modernization and energy... energy conservation standards. All improvements funded under this part shall: (a) Meet the modernization standards as prescribed by HUD; (b) Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified...

  11. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy... renewable energy reserve. The Administrator will allocate 300,000 allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of the Acid Rain Data System. Allowances from this Reserve will...

  12. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Modernization and energy... energy conservation standards. All improvements funded under this part shall: (a) Meet the modernization standards as prescribed by HUD; (b) Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified...

  13. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy... renewable energy reserve. The Administrator will allocate 300,000 allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of the Acid Rain Data System. Allowances from this Reserve will...

  14. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Modernization and energy... energy conservation standards. All improvements funded under this part shall: (a) Meet the modernization standards as prescribed by HUD; (b) Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified...

  15. Basic Energy Conservation and Management Part 1: Looking at Lighting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Glenn

    2012-01-01

    Reducing school district energy expenditures has become a universal goal. However, school board members, superintendents, and directors of buildings and grounds are often unaware of the many options available to conserve energy. School energy conservation used to be relatively simple: turn off the lights and turn down the heat in the winter and…

  16. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy... renewable energy reserve. The Administrator will allocate 300,000 allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of the Acid Rain Data System. Allowances from this Reserve will...

  17. 24 CFR 968.115 - Modernization and energy conservation standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Modernization and energy... energy conservation standards. All improvements funded under this part shall: (a) Meet the modernization standards as prescribed by HUD; (b) Incorporate cost-effective energy conservation measures, identified...

  18. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  19. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  20. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  1. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  2. 10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

  3. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation...

  4. 10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.246 Section 431.246 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation...

  5. 10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.246 Section 431.246 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation...

  6. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation...

  7. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation...

  8. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation...

  9. 10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.246 Section 431.246 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation...

  10. 10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.246 Section 431.246 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation...

  11. 10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.246 Section 431.246 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation...

  12. 10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation...

  13. Key role for nuclear energy in global biodiversity conservation.

    PubMed

    Brook, Barry W; Bradshaw, Corey J A

    2015-06-01

    Modern society uses massive amounts of energy. Usage rises as population and affluence increase, and energy production and use often have an impact on biodiversity or natural areas. To avoid a business-as-usual dependence on coal, oil, and gas over the coming decades, society must map out a future energy mix that incorporates alternative sources. This exercise can lead to radically different opinions on what a sustainable energy portfolio might entail, so an objective assessment of the relative costs and benefits of different energy sources is required. We evaluated the land use, emissions, climate, and cost implications of 3 published but divergent storylines for future energy production, none of which was optimal for all environmental and economic indicators. Using multicriteria decision-making analysis, we ranked 7 major electricity-generation sources (coal, gas, nuclear, biomass, hydro, wind, and solar) based on costs and benefits and tested the sensitivity of the rankings to biases stemming from contrasting philosophical ideals. Irrespective of weightings, nuclear and wind energy had the highest benefit-to-cost ratio. Although the environmental movement has historically rejected the nuclear energy option, new-generation reactor technologies that fully recycle waste and incorporate passive safety systems might resolve their concerns and ought to be more widely understood. Because there is no perfect energy source however, conservation professionals ultimately need to take an evidence-based approach to consider carefully the integrated effects of energy mixes on biodiversity conservation. Trade-offs and compromises are inevitable and require advocating energy mixes that minimize net environmental damage. Society cannot afford to risk wholesale failure to address energy-related biodiversity impacts because of preconceived notions and ideals. PMID:25490854

  14. Sturgeon Conservation: Insights From Elasticity Analysis MART R. GROSS

    E-print Network

    Gross, Mart

    Sturgeon Conservation: Insights From Elasticity Analysis MART R. GROSS Department of Zoology elasticity analyses for three sturgeon species, the shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum, Atlantic sturgeon A. oxyrinchus, and white sturgeon A. transmontanus, to calculate the potential to increase

  15. 76 FR 45606 - Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat Conservation Plan and Possible Land Use Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ... possible amendment to the CDCAP on November 20, 2009 (74 FR 60291). At this time, BLM announces the joining... Bureau of Land Management Fish and Wildlife Service Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat Conservation Plan and Possible Land Use Plan Amendment, Southern California: Environmental Impact...

  16. Energy Conservation and Pomeron Loops in High Energy Evolution

    E-print Network

    Emil Avsar

    2006-10-31

    We present a formalism which modifies the Mueller Dipole Model such that it incorporates energy-momentum conservation and also important colour suppressed effects. We implement our formalism in a Monte Carlo simulation and compare the results to inclusive data from HERA and the Tevatron, where we see that there is a good agreement between the data and our model.

  17. Finding of no significant impact for the State Energy Conservation Program

    SciTech Connect

    1996-10-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA), DOE/EA 1068, to assess the environmental impacts associated with the State Energy Conservation Program (SECP). DOE previously funded SECP projects under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA). The State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvements Act of 1990 (SEEPIA) and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) amended EPCA to broaden the range of state initiatives qualifying for Federal assistance under the SECP. The PEA presents a general analysis of the potential environmental effects associated with broad types of projects that can be funded under the SECP. It does not analyze specific environmental effects or alternatives associated with individual energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy projects. Individual actions are to be evaluated in detail on a project-by-project basis to determine whether their impacts fall within the bounding analysis of the impacts analyzed in the SECP PEA.

  18. Energy conservation and energy decentralization: issues and prospects

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, M.D.; Craig, P.P.

    1980-01-01

    Views are presented of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system, appears not to be functioning in very-important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in the economic system is, in the author's judgment, far greater than is recognized either by the public or by experts. They feel it has led to an over-investment in centralized energy systems and has discouraged the use of decentralized systems that could contribute significantly in the near term to a lessening of our energy problems. There are some signs that the situation is changing, albeit rather slowly. High prices and the widespread recognition of the seriousness of our energy problems have contributed to an increasing involvement of individuals in energy decisions profoundly affecting their future. To achieve an evolution of the energy system in which decentralized technologies (and, in the near term, particularly technologies that improve the efficiency of energy use) play an important role, the government must act forcefully. This action needs to recognize and be responsive to the powerful discriminatory effect of the economic system, as it is presently constituted, against investments in energy conservation.

  19. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENERGY DECENTRALIZATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, Mark D.; Craig, Paul P.

    1980-01-01

    We have presented views of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system. appears not to be functioning in very important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in the economic system is, in our judgment. far greater than is recognized either by the public or by 'experts.' It has led to an over-investment in centralized energy systems and has discouraged the use of decentralized systems that could contribute significantly in the near term to a lessening of our energy problems. There are some signs that the situation is changing. albeit rather slowly. High prices and the widespread recognition of the seriousness of our energy problems have contributed to an increasing involvement of individuals in energy decisions profoundly affecting their future. To achieve an evolution of the energy system in which decentralized technologies (and, in the near term, particularly technologies that improve the efficiency of energy use) play an important role, the government must act forcefully. This action needs to recognize and be responsive to the powerful discriminatory effect of the economic system, as it is presently constituted, against investments in energy conservation.

  20. 76 FR 45606 - Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat Conservation Plan and Possible Land Use Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ...will also serve as a Natural Community Conservation Plan (NCCP...renewable energy development, solar (photovoltaic and thermal...restore, and enhance natural communities and ecosystems that support...species and sensitive natural communities; Provide a means to...

  1. Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

    2009-12-31

    The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development work can provide unique solutions to the railroad industry in energy the conservation. (1) Alternate Fuels - An examination of various blends of bio-based diesel fuels for the railroad industry, using Norfolk Southern as a model for the industry. The team determined that bio-diesel fuel is a suitable alternative to using straight diesel fuel, however, the cost and availability across the country varies to a great extent. (2) Utilization of fuel cells for locomotive power systems - While the application of the fuel cell has been successfully demonstrated in the passenger car, this is a very advanced topic for the railroad industry. There are many safety and power issues that the research team examined. (3) Thermal and emission reduction for current large scale diesel engines - The current locomotive system generates large amount of heat through engine cooling and heat dissipation when the traction motors are used to decelerate the train. The research team evaluated thermal management systems to efficiently deal with large thermal loads developed by the operating engines. (4) Use of Composite and Exotic Replacement Materials - Research team redesigned various components using new materials, coatings, and processes to provide the needed protection. Through design, analysis, and testing, new parts that can withstand the hostile environments were developed. (5) Tribology Applications - Identification of tribology issues in the Railroad industry which play a significant role in the improvement of energy usage. Research team analyzed and developed solutions which resulted in friction modification to improve energy efficiency.

  2. 40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

  3. 40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

  4. 40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

  5. 40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

  6. 40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

  7. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section 73.26 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Allocations § 73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...

  8. Energy Conservation Activity Packet, Grade 5. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohlman, Betty; And Others

    This activity notebook for grade 5 is one of a series developed in response to energy conservation. It contains activities that stress an energy conservation ethic and includes many values clarification activities for grade five. The packet is divided into two parts and provides the teacher with background information, concepts and objectives, and…

  9. Development of the Concepts of Energy Conservation and Entropy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shultz, Thomas R.; Coddington, Marilyn

    1981-01-01

    Studied the development of the concepts of energy conservation and entropy in 5- to 15-year-old children. Energy conservation was not well understood until about age 15. Entropy was understood by 9- to 15-year-olds when the concept was illustrated by the gradual mixing of differently colored, rolling marbles. (Author/DB)

  10. A Better 2-D Mechanical Energy Conservation Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paesler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    A variety of simple classical mechanics energy conservation experiments are used in teaching laboratories. Typical one-dimensional (1-D) setups may involve falling balls or oscillating springs. Many of these can be quite satisfying in that students can confirm--within a few percent--that mechanical energy is conserved. Students generally have…

  11. 40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section 73.26 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Allowance Allocations § 73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...

  12. Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing 

    E-print Network

    Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

    1980-01-01

    from waste heat streams for reuse in the processing operations. This paper addresses the recovery of waste heat and the storage of thermal energy as a means of energy conservation in food processing. An energy conservation project in a poultry...

  13. 77 FR 7281 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ...Technology Assessment 1. Scope...Screening Analysis 1. Nanotechnology...Analysis 1. Modeling Transformer...Technology c. Patents Related to...standards analysis is called...the present analysis entails some...National Energy Modeling System: An...Technology Assessment For the...

  14. The Role of the Canadian Government in Industrial Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Godin, M. A.

    1980-01-01

    : 1. Industry Energy Conservation Task Forces 2. Information and awareness packages 3. Fiscal and Financial incentives 4. Industry Data Base Development and 5. Industry policy studies. By selecting the voluntary approach to deal with energy...

  15. The effectiveness of government initiatives in energy conservation

    E-print Network

    Boshier, John F.

    1978-01-01

    Energy policy in the US is characterized by two motivations: to stem the flow of currency to the oil producing nations, and to prevent energy prices rising as much as it is now being feared they will. Conservation has been ...

  16. Look beyond the Obvious Energy Savers to Conserve School Dollars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisniewski, Adrian T.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, school system's energy conservation project that insulated utility tunnels and pipes in two schools. Energy savings will pay back the insulation cost in less than two years. (MD)

  17. The Gas Utility View of Industrial Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Loberg, T. J.

    1980-01-01

    The gas industry fostered more efficient energy utilization long before the idea of energy conservation became fashionable. It became apparent in the late '60's that misguided Federal Legislation was discouraging necessary search for new gas...

  18. Energy Conservation Measures at an Automotive Instructional Facility 

    E-print Network

    Godsey, F. W.

    1989-01-01

    Energy consumption and costs to operate an automotive technical training facility at Texas State Technical Institute in Waco have been significantly reduced through implementation of several energy conservation measures. This paper reviews building...

  19. On Energy and Momentum Conservation in Particle-in-Cell Simulation

    E-print Network

    Brackbill, J U

    2015-01-01

    Particle-in-cell (PIC) plasma simulations are a productive and valued tool for the study of nonlinear plasma phenomena, yet there are basic questions about the simulation methods themselves that remain unanswered. Here we study one such question: energy and momentum conservation by PIC. We employ both analysis and simulations of one-dimensional, electrostatic plasmas to understand why PIC simulations are either energy or momentum conserving but not both, what the role of numerical stability is in non-conservation, and how do errors in conservation scale with the numerical parameters. Conserving both momentum and energy make it possible to model problems such as Jeans' -type equilibria. Avoiding numerical instability is useful, but so is being able to identify when its effect on the results may be important. Designing simulations to achieve the best possible accuracy with the least expenditure of effort requires results on the scaling of error with the numerical parameters.. Our results identify the central ro...

  20. 10 CFR 431.110 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.110 Section 431.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Hot Water Storage Tanks Energy Conservation Standards § 431.110 Energy conservation standards...

  1. 10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.296 Section 431.296 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates....

  2. 10 CFR 431.110 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.110 Section 431.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Hot Water Storage Tanks Energy Conservation Standards § 431.110 Energy conservation standards...

  3. 10 CFR 431.110 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.110 Section 431.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Hot Water Storage Tanks Energy Conservation Standards § 431.110 Energy conservation standards...

  4. 10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.296 Section 431.296 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates....

  5. 10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.296 Section 431.296 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates....

  6. 10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.296 Section 431.296 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates....

  7. 10 CFR 431.110 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.110 Section 431.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Hot Water Storage Tanks Energy Conservation Standards § 431.110 Energy conservation standards...

  8. 10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.296 Section 431.296 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates....

  9. 10 CFR 431.110 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.110 Section 431.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR... Hot Water Storage Tanks Energy Conservation Standards § 431.110 Energy conservation standards...

  10. Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws

    SciTech Connect

    Keyfitz, Barbara

    2014-02-15

    This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

  11. Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

    This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

  12. District Level Plan for Conservation. An Outline for a District-Level Plan for Energy Conservation. Energy Conservation Materials Package Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Interstate Energy Conservation Leadership.

    Features shared by successful school energy conservation programs include: (1) the formation of a district energy conservation committee that involves as many segments of the educational community as practical, (2) the assignment of specific responsibilities to specific individuals, (3) careful planning in the development of guidelines, (4)…

  13. 75 FR 31323 - Energy Efficiency Program: Energy Conservation Standards Furnace Fans: Public Meeting and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...EERE-2010-BT-STD-0011] RIN 1904-AC22 Energy Efficiency Program: Energy Conservation...Document AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department...Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,...

  14. Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grossman, Andrew James

    The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

  15. Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy EfficiencyNorthwest Power and Conservation Council Presented October 14, 2005Presented October 14, 2005 Idaho Energy ConferenceIdaho Energy Conference #12;slide 2 Northwest Power and Conservation Council What You're About

  16. Marketing: an approach to successful energy-conservation information programs

    SciTech Connect

    Hutton, R. B.; McNeill, D. L.

    1980-08-01

    This monograph shows how the adoption of a marketing approach can improve the quality of the development and delivery of energy-conservation programs. Several factors make the use of such a marketing approach to conservation particularly beneficial, namely: (1) goals of conservation programs can be quantified (e.g., specified amount of energy to be saved); in addition, intermediate effects necessary for program success are also measureable (e.g., knowledge, attitude change, etc); (2) there is an apparent and increasing need for conservation by different parts (or sectors) of the population; however, it is clear that the desire for conservation is not the same for all sectors; (3) conservation programs can be thought of in much the same way as products with benefits and costs; this necessitates an understanding of how the population makes conservation decisions so that the program can fit into that decision process; (4) the need to tailor programs to the needs of the population is heightened by the general competition for the consumer dollar; it is necessary to design and present programs in a way that the individual will view conservation as an attractive choice among many (e.g., bank savings, buying clothes, furniture, car, etc.); and (5) the population's response to, and need for conservation is constantly changing; consequently, it is important to realize that these changes may need to be reflected in the conservation programs themselves (both ongoing and new).

  17. Energy conservation at The University of Miami

    SciTech Connect

    Atherton, V.; Anzoategui, F.

    1995-06-01

    The University of Miami (UM) has embarked on a very important and worthwhile mission: {open_quotes}To make UM one of the most energy efficient Universities in the Nation by the year 2000.{close_quotes} In order for the University to meet this goal we knew we would need to take advantage of all the available technologies and address the freon issues. In June 1990 the Coral Gables Campus had five chilled Water Production Plants, each representing small independent systems serving from four to ten buildings. Because of energy conservation measures of the past (i.e. elimination, reheat, first generation lighting retrofits, and some diversity), each plant had excess capacity. At that time we also had identified about 600 tons of old falling apart air conditioning equipment. Our Capital Construction Program was beginning design efforts for a new Music Recital Hall and an addition to the Law Library. With all this considered it made sense to develop a common chilled water loop to connect these plants and provide a vehicle to capitalize on available capacity. As this concept took shape it became evident that a master chilled water loop encircling the entire campus would address the next 20 years of campus development. This 20 year plan would require various phases of development. Phase I would connect three chilled water production plants and enable us to supply chilled water to seven existing facilities with approximately 600 tons of old inefficient air conditioning equipment and supply chilled water to the new Law and Music facilities, (approximately 400 tons) without buying any additional chillers.

  18. Energy conservation in the textile industry: 10 case histories

    SciTech Connect

    1982-01-01

    Presented are ten case studies of energy conserving technologies that have been implemented by the textile industry. For each case is given: the name and location of the plant and an employee contact, description of products, energy consumption and costs in years before and after the energy conserving technology was implemented, energy savings since the energy conserving technology was implemented, description of investment decision-making process, and description of any institutional and environmental considerations. Measures included are: tandem preparation line, dyebath reuse, bump-and-run (dyebath temperature drifts for the last 85% of the hold time), foam finishing, wastewater heat recovery, wastewater chlorination and reuse, oven exhaust air counterflow, boiler economizer, wood-fired boiler, and solar industrial process heat. Several other energy conserving technologies that were not studied are briefly summarized. (LEW)

  19. Energy conservation and cost benefits in the dairy processing industry

    SciTech Connect

    1982-01-01

    Guidance is given on measuring energy consumption in the plant and pinpointing areas where energy-conservation activities can return the most favorable economics. General energy-conservation techniques applicable to most or all segments of the dairy processing industry, including the fluid milk segment, are emphasized. These general techniques include waste heat recovery, improvements in electric motor efficiency, added insulation, refrigeration improvements, upgrading of evaporators, and increases in boiler efficiency. Specific examples are given in which these techniques are applied to dairy processing plants. The potential for energy savings by cogeneration of process steam and electricity in the dairy industry is also discussed. Process changes primarily applicable to specific milk products which have resulted in significant energy cost savings at some facilities or which promise significant contributions in the future are examined. A summary checklist of plant housekeeping measures for energy conservation and guidelines for economic evaluation of conservation alternatives are provided. (MHR)

  20. Potential cost savings from investments in energy-conserving irrigation systems

    SciTech Connect

    Patton, W.P.; Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.; Sherman, K.L.

    1982-10-01

    A comparative analysis is presented of the levelized costs of selected irrigation systems, with an emphasis on the costs and benefits of energy savings. The net economic benefits are evaluated, measured as energy cost savings minus additional capital and operating costs, of some energy-conserving systems. Energy use in irrigation and descriptions of both the conventional and the energy-saving technologies involved in the analysis are discussed. The approach used in the analysis is outlined, and comparative analysis results are discussed. Detailed cost information is presented by state. (LEW)

  1. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  2. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  3. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  4. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  5. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  6. 15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

  7. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  8. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  9. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  10. 24 CFR 990.185 - Utilities expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. 990...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. (a... If a PHA undertakes energy conservation measures that are...

  11. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  12. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  13. 24 CFR 990.185 - Utilities expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. 990...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. (a... If a PHA undertakes energy conservation measures that are...

  14. 24 CFR 990.185 - Utilities expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. 990...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. (a... If a PHA undertakes energy conservation measures that are...

  15. 24 CFR 990.185 - Utilities expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. 990...expense level: Incentives for energy conservation/rate reduction. (a... If a PHA undertakes energy conservation measures that are...

  16. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  17. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  18. 41 CFR 102-74.160 - What actions must Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? 102-74.160 Section...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Energy Conservation § 102-74.160 What...Federal agencies take to promote energy conservation? Federal agencies...

  19. 15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

  20. 7 CFR 1710.405 - Eligible energy efficiency and conservation programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Eligible energy efficiency and conservation programs...ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program § 1710.405 Eligible energy efficiency and conservation...

  1. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  2. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  3. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  4. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their compliance...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  5. 10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

  6. Energy conservation in citrus processing. Final project report

    SciTech Connect

    Leo, M.A.; Lari, R.I.; Moore, N.R.; Broussard, M.R.; Gyamfi, M.

    1981-11-01

    Alternative energy conserving systems for use in citrus processing plants were synthesized and evaluated in terms of energy savings and economic return. The energy intensive operations that are carried out in citrus processing plants include conveying and extraction, concentration, peel drying, refrigeration, and pasteurization. The alternative energy conserving systems are synthesized from components and subsystems that are arranged to make use of energy cascading and thermodynamic regeneration to reduce the overall energy usage. System requirements such as air pollution rules and plant processing load cycles, a characterization of major operations, description of alternative system concepts, and the evaluation of alternative systems in terms of economic parameters and energy usage are identified.

  7. A Field Tested Model of Industrial Energy Conservation Assistance to Small Industries 

    E-print Network

    Jendrucko, R. J.; Mitchell, D. S.; Snyder, W. T.; Symonds, F. W.

    1980-01-01

    consumption data for the same SIC category were used to establish resources to conduct an energy audit and do an engineering/economic analysis of potential energy an energy priority factor for each of the 20 SIC conservation opportunities (ECO...'s). categories. The factors which were considered im portant for this purpose were: The university of Tennessee EADC has completed a) National energy consumption for the SIC category, analyses of 52 industrial energy audits in Tennessee. EN Consumption data...

  8. Household energy conservation attitudes and behaviors in the Northwest: Tracking changes between 1983 and 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, J.M.; Hattrup, M.P.; Nordi, R.T.; Shankle, S.A.; Ivey, D.L.

    1987-05-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has analyzed the changes in consumer energy conservation attitudes and behaviors in the Pacific Northwest between 1983 and 1985. The information was collected through stratified random telephone surveys on 2000 and 1058 households, respectively, for 1983 and 1985 in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area in Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Western Montana. This report covers four topic areas and tests two hypotheses. The topics are as follows: consumer perceptions and attitudes of energy use and conservation in the home; consumer perceptions of energy institutions and other entities; past and intended conservation actions and investments; and segmentation of homeowners into market prospect groups. The hypotheses tested are as follows: (1) There has been no change in the size and psychographic make-up of the original three market segments found in the 1983 survey analysis; and (2) image profiles of institutions with respect to familiarity, overall impression, and believability as sources of energy conservation information remain unchanged since 1983.

  9. Overview of U. S. Department of Energy Program in Industrial Energy Conservation Technology Development 

    E-print Network

    Massey, R. G.

    1980-01-01

    The primary responsibility for Federal industrial energy conservation is in the Office of Industrial Programs which reports to the Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Solar Energy. The objectives of the Federal program are to: achieve maximum...

  10. Advances in energy conservation of China steel industry.

    PubMed

    Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

    2013-01-01

    The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980-2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011-2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

  11. Advances in Energy Conservation of China Steel Industry

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

    2013-01-01

    The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980–2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011–2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

  12. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  13. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  14. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 436 - Energy Program Conservation Elements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy Program Conservation Elements D Appendix D to Part 436 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Pt. 436,...

  15. 78 FR 79637 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Set-Top Boxes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-31

    ...Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements...Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports, Incorporation by reference,...

  16. 76 FR 24761 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ...Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements...Confidential business information, Energy conservation, Household appliances, Imports, Intergovernmental...

  17. Residential energy use and conservation in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Meyers, S.

    1982-03-01

    A portrait is presented of residential energy use in the United States disaggregated by fuel and end-use for the period March 1978 to April 1979. The results are based on analysis of the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey, a major national survey of residential energy use. It is estimated that space heating accounted for 63% of total residential energy use, water heating 15%, cooking 5%, and other electric appliances 16%. It is also shown that, after accounting for climate and dwelling size, the average oil-heated dwelling uses 1.24 times as much energy for space heating as the average gas-heated dwelling and 2.91 times as much as the average electrically-heated dwelling, and the average gas-heated dwelling uses 2.34 times as much as the average electrically-heated dwelling. These differences are attributable to relative heating system efficiencies, differences in weatherization levels, and other factors. An assessment is made of the extent of energy conservation that occurred between 1970 and the period studied. The indicator for which the most reliable data are available, gas space heating per degree-day, showed a drop of 16.4%.

  18. Energy conservation in Maryland public schools, 1978-1981

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-09-10

    The energy consumption of public schools in Maryland is reviewed. It is proved that energy consevation can produce very significant savings in schools. It is not possible to generalize these findings to the schools of the nation, but there is no known factor tht would indicate a systematic difference between energy conservation potential in Maryland and in other states. The Maryland data do not reflect any clear effect of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) on energy conservation in Maryland schools. For schools that participated in the energy audit (EA) and the technical assistance (TA) phases, the percentage of energy saved was no more than for those schools that participated in the preliminary energy audit (PEA) phase. Compared to data for 1980, schools that participated in the energy conservation measure (ECM) phase in 1981 experienced a 7 percent increase in energy use; whereas, the schools participated in the PEA phase (or not at all) showed an 11 percent decline. For the same period of comparison, energy costs increased for all groups by 20 percent.

  19. Energy Conservation in Dissipative Processes: Teacher Expectations and Strategies Associated with Imperceptible Thermal Energy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daane, Abigail R.; McKagan, Sarah B.; Vokos, Stamatis; Scherr, Rachel E.

    2015-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that many students and some teachers do not consistently apply the conservation of energy principle when analyzing mechanical scenarios. In observing elementary and secondary teachers engaged in learning activities that require tracking and conserving energy, we find that challenges to energy conservation often arise in…

  20. 75 FR 51423 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ...Statement of Policy for Adopting Full-Fuel-Cycle Analyses Into Energy Conservation...Specifically, DOE proposes to use full-fuel-cycle (FFC) measures of energy and...Notice of Proposed Policy for Full-Fuel-Cycle Analysis Docket No....