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1

Thermodynamic Analysis for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

of processes. These can provide some guidance to i(~fovment seekers with little or no further effort. A fairly general, and largely facilities oriented example of such a 249 ..' . :i' :1 ESL-IE-81-04-44 Proceedings from the Third Industrial Energy...

Kenney, W. F.

1981-01-01

2

Case analysis of Yangzhou Energy Mechanism Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy Mechanism Conservation (EMC) is a successful internationally-run energy efficiency financing mode. This mode promotes a new energy efficient financial management method instead of selling products or techniques. In this mode, the Energy Service Company (ESCO) signs contracts with customers (enterprises or organizations) who shall pay for the cost of energy efficiency program in accordance with energy conservation during the

Ge Ping; Chen Dehua; Shen Li

2010-01-01

3

Training Manual for the Energy Conservation Analysis Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the Massachusetts Energy Extension Service training manual for Residential Energy Auditors. This manual is part of a four-week program to train persons to perform home energy audits and was developed under the Energy Conservation Analysis Project (ECAP) at the University of Massachusetts. The chapter titles include: (1) Project…

Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Cooperative Extension Service.

4

Conserving Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this project you will learn what energy is, how energy is used , and how to conserve it What are new ways of protecting the environment to conserve energy? Use your 4- column chart to record information about the questions i ask and you learn about. Begin by seeing what energy isEnergy Quest Tells different ways of conserving energy. List what you learn. What are simple ways to conserve energy everyday? How are vehicle manufactures inventing ways to conserve ...

Mr. Y

2009-10-21

5

Analysis of alternative strategies for energy conservation in new buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The policy instruments considered include: greater reliance on market forces; research and development; information, education and demonstration programs; tax incentives and sanctions; mortgage and finance programs; and regulations and standards. The analysis starts with an explanation of the barriers to energy conservation in the residential and commercial sectors. Individual policy instruments are described and evaluated with respect to energy conservation, economic efficiency, equity, political impacts, and implementation and other transitional impacts. Five possible strategies are identified: (1) increased reliance on the market place; (2) energy consumption tax and supply subsidies; (3) Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS) with no sanctions and no incentives; (4) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (price control); and (5) BEPS with sanctions and incentives (no price controls). A comparative analysis is performed. Elements are proposed for inclusion in a comprehensive strategy for conservation in new buildings.

Fang, J. M.; Tawil, J.

1980-12-01

6

An analysis of residential energy conservation in Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect

This study develops a simple tax policy strategy that would encourage the residential sector in Wisconsin to invest in energy conservation. The long-range objectives of the program were to reduce overall natural gas consumption by a certain percentage and to stabilize electricity consumption growth. The authors conduct a detailed energy analysis of a typical house in Madison, Wisconsin, using actual data. Twenty-eight energy conservation measures (ECMs) for natural gas and six ECMs for electricity use in this typical house are compared. The economic evaluation is based on cost of conserved energy. The model explores the long range impacts of the tax programs and they find that a simple tax credit program compares well with the rebate-based residential energy conservation programs. They determine that the most effective, yet simple and equitable, approach would be through a 33 percent tax credit that homeowners and renters could take on their annual state income tax forms. The program could be administered through the state energy office so that funding for the program could be provided through federal energy conservation programs like the Oil Overcharge Fund.

Sarkar, A. [Resource Management Associates, Madison, WI (United States); Clemmer, S. [Wisconsin Dept. of Administration, Madison, WI (United States). Energy Bureau; Simon, J. [Campaign for a Prosperous Georgia, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1995-11-01

7

Energy Conservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the idea that energy use impacts the environment and our wallets. They discuss different types of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, as well as the impacts of energy consumption. Through a series of activities, students understand how they use energy and how it is transformed from one type to another. They learn innovative ways engineers conserve energy and how energy can be conserved in their homes.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

8

Energy Conservation Analysis of Three-Row-Hole Hollow Blocks  

E-print Network

materials' energy conserving effects. The government of China adopted forcible energy conserving measures in the building industry in 2005. Because of this, more attention is being paid to the energy-conserving ability of the wall material. In this paper, we...

Chen, G.; Li, H.; Liu, Z.

2006-01-01

9

Intercity passenger transportation: Mode\\/energy conservation. Volume 2: Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents: Intercity passenger data; Development of intercity passenger demand models; Energy conservation policies and their impacts; Evaluation of alternative energy conservation policies; Analyses of regression results; Travel and energy data for conservation policies; Regression analyses using air\\/auto costs. Portions of this document are not fully legible.

G. Roche; A. M. Lago

1975-01-01

10

Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on The Potential for Energy Conservation,'' a study by the Office of Emergency Preparedness, emphasizing the coming dependence on foreign oil, and presses for government influence to encourage development of more efficient cars. (AL)

Abelson, Philip H.

1972-01-01

11

Determination analysis of energy conservation standards for distribution transformers  

SciTech Connect

This report contains information for US DOE to use in making a determination on proposing energy conservation standards for distribution transformers as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Potential for saving energy with more efficient liquid-immersed and dry-type distribution transformers could be significant because these transformers account for an estimated 140 billion kWh of the annual energy lost in the delivery of electricity. Objective was to determine whether energy conservation standards for distribution transformers would have the potential for significant energy savings, be technically feasible, and be economically justified from a national perspective. It was found that energy conservation for distribution transformers would be technically and economically feasible. Based on the energy conservation options analyzed, 3.6-13.7 quads of energy could be saved from 2000 to 2030.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Das, S.

1996-07-01

12

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

13

Analysis of energy conserving low-order models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low-order models of order n, denoted by LOM( n), naturally arise in the application of Galerkin type projection techniques to a system of partial differential equations of interest in geophysical domain. In order for the LOM(n) to represent physically meaningful solution, it is necessary that LOM(n) conserves energy. The Galerkin projection technique does not incorporate any explicit criteria for the choice of the order and the modes to guarantee energy conservation. With this study, we derive a new set of sufficient conditions on the structural parameter of LOM(n) for conserving energy. It is well known in Mathematical Physics that the Volterra gyrostat and many of its special cases including the Euler gyroscope represent a prototype of energy conserving dynamical systems. It is formally proved in this dissertation that the systems of coupled Volterra gyrostats are special cases of LOMs that satisfies the new sufficient conditions. We also introduce the definition of the generalized Volterra gyrostats that contains nonlinear feedback. Exploiting the inherent relation between the energy conserving LOMs satisfying the sufficient conditions and the systems of coupled generalized Volterra gyrostats, it turns out that these two sets of systems are equivalent. Using the class of generalized Volterra gyrostats as basic building block, any energy conserving low-order model that routinely arise in fluid dynamics, turbulence and atmospheric sciences can be converted into a system of coupled generalized gyrostats. An algorithm for doing such a transformation is provided. Motivated by the importance and the central role played by the Volterra gyrostat in studying LOMs, this study also analyze the stability properties of the classical Volterra gyrostat and all of its special cases.

Wang, Yunheng

14

Conserving energy in new buildings: analysis of nonregulatory policies  

SciTech Connect

The costs and effectiveness of non-regulatory options relative to those of a regulatory approach are analyzed. Nonregulatory program alternatives identified are: information and education programs, tax incentives and disincentives, and mortage and finance programs. Chapter 2 briefly reviews survey data to assess present public awareness of energy issues and energy-efficient building design. Homebuyer and homebuilder surveys are reviewed and conservation motivations are discussed. Chapter 3 examines the provision of technical and economic information to various factors affecting building design decisions. This approach assumes that the economic incentives and technical means to achieve energy conservation goals already exist but that critical information is lacking. Chapter 4 examines how adjustments to the tax structure could enhance economic incentives and counter economic disincentives for energy conservation. Qualifying buildings for tax benefits would almost certainly require certification of design energy consumption. The effectiveness of tax incentives would depend in part on dissemination of public information regarding the incentives. Chapter 5 examines subsidies, such as subsidized mortgages and loan guarantees, which lower the cost of money or other costs but do not change the market structure facing the consumer. Certification that buildings qualify for such treatment would probably be required. Chapter 6 presents recommendations based on the study's findings. (MCW)

Scheer, R.M.; Nieves, L.A.; Mazzucchi, R.P.

1981-05-01

15

Foundry energy conservation workbook  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

none,

1990-10-01

16

Foundry energy conservation workbook  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

Not Available

1990-12-31

17

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

2009-05-01

18

Commercial space: Policy analysis of profitability of retrofit for energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formulation of policy alternatives to promote the retrofit of commercial buildings for energy conservation was investigated. The study design called for: (1) the collection of detailed financial data and building characteristics; (2) the identification of rational retrofit measures individually developed for selected buildings with an estimate of cost and energy saving; (3) a detailed analysis of the financial projection

J. Williams; D. Eisen; A. Beverly; R. Murray

1976-01-01

19

Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home  

E-print Network

Analysis of Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Capture System on a Single Family Home of global societies. Conventional centralized water supply systems are inefficient and energy intensive Undergraduate Research Fellowship Award offered by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center at Virginia Tech

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

20

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center  

E-print Network

The Child Development Center (CDC) was designed to be a "showpiece" model building. Its construction included energy efficient features, including a photovoltaic system, solar hot water system, energy efficient lighting, and energy efficient heat...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01

21

Investigating the Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Video Analysis: Four Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inexpensive video analysis technology now enables students to make precise measurements of an object's position at incremental times during its motion. Such capability now allows users to "examine", rather than simply "assume", energy conservation in a variety of situations commonly discussed in introductory physics courses. This article describes…

Bryan, J. A.

2010-01-01

22

Intercity passenger transportation: mode\\/energy conservation. Volume II. Analysis. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report given includes discussions on: intercity passenger data; development of intercity passenger demand models; energy conservation policies and their impacts; evaluation of alternative energy conservation policies; analyses of regression results; travel and energy data for conservation policies; regression analyses using air\\/auto costs. Portions of this document are not fully legible. (GRA)

G. Roche; A. M. Lago

1975-01-01

23

Water & Energy Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Water & Energy Conservation Plan View of PGI construction and retention pond, Sitapura Industrial of Colleges (PGC) in Rajasthan, India suggests measures to mitigate the impending water and energy crisis that India and the college both face. Within, plans are made for the conservation of water and energy

Illinois at Chicago, University of

24

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center, Final Summary Report  

E-print Network

ESL-TR-94/12-11 ANALYSIS OF ENERGY CONSERVATION OPTIONS FOR U.S.D.O.E. CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER FINAL SUMMARY REPORT Prepared by: T. E. Bou-Saada, J. S. Haberl, P.I. Energy Systems Laboratory Mechanical Engineering Department Texas A&M University... Research sponsored by U. S. Department of Energy through Sandia National Laboratory, Contract No. AK-8010 December 1993 Revised December 1994 12/94 - USDOE CDC Report, p. i TABLE OF CONTENTS Page LIST OF FIGURES ii LIST OF TABLES iii ABSTRACT iv PREFACE v...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1994-01-01

25

California's crisis: An exploratory analysis of lifestyle, energy use, and conservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electricity is one of the most serious issues of the 21st century. Modern human societies have become completely dependent upon energy to power modern life---resulting in unwanted environmental effects. Although electricity itself is invisible, many of the most conspicuous household items consume the most electricity. The 2001 energy crisis in California provides a unique opportunity to study how people negotiated their lives during a time of perceived resource scarcity, increased electricity prices, and threats of blackouts. Combining cultural and environmental literatures, I argued that changes in resource availability (perceived or real) led to unsettled lives in which beliefs, rituals and ways of behaving began to be questioned---resulting in new patterns of action organized around lifestyle. As a conceptual framework, lifestyle can be useful for understanding the patterns of people's everyday lives, the objects they consume, and the degrees to which those lifestyles affect the environment. Using data from the California Residential Electricity Conservation Study (CRECS), this research explores the ways households navigated and used different conservation strategies during the summers of 2001 and 2002. Analysis of Behavioral Conservation Strategies (BCS) that require ongoing effort and attention by household residents in order to achieve successful conservation outcomes (e.g., turning off lights or regulating indoor temperature), and Consumer Investment Strategies (CIS) that are one-time purchases improving efficiency (e.g., purchase of an appliance or fixture) reveal different strategies of action over the two years. Wealth indicators and time constraints were less important for predicting conservation, while cultural differences and household composition were better predictors of conservation efforts. In addition, despite assumptions that people are unwilling to change their lifestyle in order to conserve electricity, households employed more strategies that required daily effort and vigilance than one-time consumer actions. Furthermore, many households continued many conservation efforts in the year following the crisis, and there was not an immediate "snap-back" to pre-crisis behaviors. Not only did households employ a variety of conservation strategies that required changes to their lifestyle, the majority did not believe that their quality of life had been reduced or that their conservation efforts involved sacrifices.

Gossard, Marcia Hill

26

Models for residential- and commercial-sector energy-conservation analysis: applications, limitations, and future potential. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews four of the major models used by the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy conservation analyses in the residential- and commercial-building sectors. The objective is to provide a critical analysis of how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. For this, the study brings together information on the models' analytical structure and their strengths and limitations in policy applications these are then employed to assess the most-effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy-conservation policy and analysis. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

Cole, Henry E.; Fullen, Robert E.

1980-09-01

27

Parametric analysis of alternative energy conservation measures in an office building in hot and humid climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of demand for electrical energy in the rapidly expanding towns, cities and industries exceeds the growth of the power being made available. Therefore, energy conservation is becoming an increasingly important issue in Saudi buildings. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of alternative energy conservation measures on energy requirements in office buildings in hot–humid climates.

Imran Iqbal; Mohammad S. Al-Homoud

2007-01-01

28

Energy Conservation Simplified  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The standard formulation of energy conservation involves the subsidiary ideas of kinetic energy (KE), work (W), thermal energy, internal energy, and a half-dozen different kinds of potential energy (PE): elastic, chemical, nuclear, gravitational, and so forth. These quantities came to be recognized during the centuries over which the principle developed. The final conservation law, although rich in specificity, is fairly involved. More significantly, it obscures a fundamental underlying simplicity, which could only be appreciated post-relativity (1905). Energy is the scalar measure of physical change. Using the special theory it will be shown that there are only two all-encompassing classifications of energy—energy of rest and energy of motion—and that we can apply the idea of conservation of energy to all physical processes using only these two energy types as quantified by mass and KE.

Hecht, Eugene

2008-02-01

29

Energy Conservation Simplified  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard formulation of energy conservation involves the subsidiary ideas of kinetic energy ("KE"), work ("W"), thermal energy, internal energy, and a half-dozen different kinds of potential energy ("PE"): elastic, chemical, nuclear, gravitational, and so forth. These quantities came to be recognized during the centuries over which the…

Hecht, Eugene

2008-01-01

30

Energy Conservation vs. Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Energy conservation is considered by some as synonymous with energy efficiency, but to others, it has a meaning of getting fewer or lower quality energy services. The degree of confusion between these meanings varies widely by individual, culture, historic period and language spoken. In the context of this document, energy conservation means to keep from being lost or wasted; saved, and energy efficiency means the ability to produce a desired effect or product with a minimum of effort, expense or waste.

Somasundaram, Sriram

2010-09-30

31

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

Lucas, Robert G.

2011-09-30

32

Major models and data sources for residential and commercial sector energy conservation analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Major models and data sources are reviewed that can be used for energy-conservation analysis in the residential and commercial sectors to provide an introduction to the information that can or is available to DOE in order to further its efforts in analyzing and quantifying their policy and program requirements. Models and data sources examined in the residential sector are: ORNL Residential Energy Model; BECOM; NEPOOL; MATH/CHRDS; NIECS; Energy Consumption Data Base: Household Sector; Patterns of Energy Use by Electrical Appliances Data Base; Annual Housing Survey; 1970 Census of Housing; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; RECS; Solar Market Development Model; and ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book. Models and data sources examined in the commercial sector are: ORNL Commercial Sector Model of Energy Demand; BECOM; NEPOOL; Energy Consumption Data Base: Commercial Sector; F.W. Dodge Data Base; NFIB Energy Report for Small Businesses; ADL Commercial Sector Energy Use Data Base; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; Nonresidential Buildings Surveys of Energy Consumption; General Electric Co: Commercial Sector Data Base; The BOMA Commercial Sector Data Base; The Tishman-Syska and Hennessy Data Base; The NEMA Commercial Sector Data Base; ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book; and Solar Market Development Model. Purpose; basis for model structure; policy variables and parameters; level of regional, sectoral, and fuels detail; outputs; input requirements; sources of data; computer accessibility and requirements; and a bibliography are provided for each model and data source.

Not Available

1980-09-01

33

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program  

E-print Network

frequently recommended energy conservation measure in this group is waste heat recovery from air compressors for the purpose of space heating. Gas Energy ECOs have a simple payback of approximately five months. There were 14 recommendations for Non-Energy... of manufacturing facilities. Waste heat recovery opportunities were found at several manufacturing plants. Other Gas Energy ECOs include boiler tune-ups, turning off unnecessary heaters, insulating a condensate tank, and recovering hot water. Manufacturing plants...

Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

34

Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-12-31

35

Mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy.  

SciTech Connect

In the past decade, a great deal of effort has been focused in research and development of versatile robotic ground vehicles without understanding their performance in a particular operating environment. As the usage of robotic ground vehicles for intelligence applications increases, understanding mobility of the vehicles becomes critical to increase the probability of their successful operations. This paper describes a framework based on conservation of energy to predict the maximum mobility of robotic ground vehicles over general terrain. The basis of the prediction is the difference between traction capability and energy loss at the vehicle-terrain interface. The mission success of a robotic ground vehicle is primarily a function of mobility. Mobility of a vehicle is defined as the overall capability of a vehicle to move from place to place while retaining its ability to perform its primary mission. A mobility analysis tool based on the fundamental principle of conservation of energy is described in this document. The tool is a graphical user interface application. The mobility analysis tool has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. The tool is at an initial stage of development. In the future, the tool will be expanded to include all vehicles and terrain types.

Spletzer, Barry Louis; Nho, Hyuchul C.; Salton, Jonathan Robert

2007-08-01

36

The NASA Energy Conservation Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Large energy-intensive research and test equipment at NASA installations is identified, and methods for reducing energy consumption outlined. However, some of the research facilities are involved in developing more efficient, fuel-conserving aircraft, and tradeoffs between immediate and long-term conservation may be necessary. Major programs for conservation include: computer-based systems to automatically monitor and control utility consumption; a steam-producing solid waste incinerator; and a computer-based cost analysis technique to engineer more efficient heating and cooling of buildings. Alternate energy sources in operation or under evaluation include: solar collectors; electric vehicles; and ultrasonically emulsified fuel to attain higher combustion efficiency. Management support, cooperative participation by employees, and effective reporting systems for conservation programs, are also discussed.

Gaffney, G. P.

1977-01-01

37

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation in Texas A&M's Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Program  

E-print Network

energy and, where appropriate, the use of alternate (less expensive) energy sources in the operation of small- and medium-size manufacturing The Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center program is financially supported by the Office of Industrial...FIRST YEAR ANALYSIS OF INIXJSTRIAL ENERGY crNSERVATIOO IN TEXAS A&M' S ENERGY ANALYSIS AND DIAEnergy Analysis and Diagnostic Center Mechanical Engineering Department Texas A&M University COllege Station...

Grubb, M. K.; Heffington, W. M.

38

Energy Conservation for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information intended for those concerned with the administration, planning, financing, operation, and maintenance of school facilities applies to both new and existing building. An examination of motivation and policies relating to energy conservation is followed by the methods used for quantitative assessment of energy savings relative to extra…

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto.

39

Energy pricing and conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

If interference in the US economy in the form of subsidies for energy production, the treatment of utilties as natural monopolies, and price controls can be blamed for the excessive energy consumption in the US, a rational pricing strategy could lead to conservation. A sudden stop to present policies, however, is neither economically nor socially feasible, but support could be

Holzman

1979-01-01

40

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mesa, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the 2003 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of $145 a year for an average new house compared to the 2003 IECC. This energy cost saving decreases to $125 a year for the 2009 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Construction cost increases (per home) for complying with the 2009 IECC are estimated at $1256 relative to the 2003 IECC and $800 for 2006 IECC. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of about $80 a year by complying with the 2009 IECC because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

Lucas, Robert G.

2011-03-31

41

Energy Conservation (Bernoulli's Equation)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Chiang Shih's Thermal-Fluids I course at the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering combines "the traditional thermal disciplines in Thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics." This PowerPoint presentation, from Shih's lecture notes, illustrates Benoulli's Equation and energy conservation. Along with mathematical equations, there are also a number of illustrations and examples which show the concepts discussed.

Shih, Chiang

42

Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

Presley, Michael H.; And Others

43

Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians Energy Conservation and Options Analysis - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant through the Department of Energy First Steps program in June of 2006. The primary purpose of the grant was to enable the Tribe to develop energy conservation policies and a strategy for alternative energy resource development. All of the work contemplated by the grant agreement has been completed and the Tribe has begun implementing the resource development strategy through the construction of a 1.0 MW grid-connected photovoltaic system designed to offset a portion of the energy demand generated by current and projected land uses on the Tribe’s Reservation. Implementation of proposed energy conservation policies will proceed more deliberately as the Tribe acquires economic development experience sufficient to evaluate more systematically the interrelationships between conservation and its economic development goals.

Paul Turner

2008-07-11

44

Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Addition to Records Storage Building  

E-print Network

reflectivity and low overall heat transfer coefficient was used to study the reduction of glass conduction and glass solar loads. Other options which were studied included increasing the wall and roof insulation,- reducing the light level, temperature setback... analyzed using the DOE 2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for the building as specified in schematic designs and primary drawings. To reduce the solar heat gain of the building through the windows and skylights, a glass with high...

Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

1986-01-01

45

Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs  

E-print Network

of District Admin was key to moving our conservation efforts to the next level. 14 Conserve My Planet ? Allen ISD ?First Energy Conservation Week Contest - SUCCESS! ?Winning School received Energy All Star Trophy ?District Wide Savings.... ?Winning school awarded the Megawatt Energy Conservation Award. 16 Conserve My Planet ? Allen ISD Epilogue ?Program successful ? Increased Buy-in from all parties ?Participation exceeded expectations ?Not everything went perfect ?Expanding...

Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

2012-01-01

46

Energy conservation in museums  

SciTech Connect

An overall assessment of energy conservation in museums in New York is made in view of the special environmental considerations involved. The special relative humidity, temperature, and lighting requirements of museums were studied extensively. An energy consumption data base was formed with actual energy use data obtained from over fifty institutions across the state. The computerized energy consumption data base compiled covers an extremely wide range of energy usage levels. On-site energy consumption ranged from approximately 20,000 to 400,000 Btu/ft/sup 2/ year. The data base includes small rural institutions and large metropolitan museums, historic and modern structures, seasonal and year-round museums, single buildings and collections of buildings, single-story buildings and multiple-story buildings, an aquarium, and a zoo. Thus, it is difficult to identify trends in the energy consumption data and to make correlations with such parameters as age, type, size, etc. Walk-through or mini energy audits were performed on ten museums located in various parts of New York State. This project also included a thorough study of all potential funding sources to which museums can apply for financing energy conservation measures. Sources of technical assistance and information were also identified. (MCW)

Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

1980-07-01

47

Selling energy conservation.  

PubMed

This article concerns the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crisis and its impact on energy efficiency measures in the US. In 1985, when the OPEC collapsed, the US government had avoided the need to construct 350 gigawatts of new electric capacity. The most successful efficiency improvements, especially in household appliances and equipment, lighting and tightened energy efficiency standards in new buildings, resulted from the OPEC event. The real innovation of that time was the change in profit rules for utilities. This revolution and the way some US utilities view energy have not caught on elsewhere. Despite the initiative toward improving energy efficiency in homes, offices and industries, the change has been slow. Partly to blame are the big development banks, which pointed out that short-term conservation and efficiency measures could save at least 15% of the total energy demand without the need for major investment. The benefits of energy conservation was shown during the oil shock when per capita energy consumption fell by 5% in the member states of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, while the per capita gross domestic product grew by a third. There has been a decrease in energy expenditure worldwide, and the scope for further energy savings is enormous, but governments need to recognize and seize the opportunity. PMID:12295818

Hinrichsen, D

1995-01-01

48

Energy and Educational Facilities: Costs and Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of energy costs and conservation in educational facilities in the United States is presented in this report. Tables and text give dollar figures for energy expenditures in education since the first oil embargo. Energy conservation through facilities management and through facilities modification is stressed. Recommendations are…

Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.

49

Industrial Energy Conservation Technology  

SciTech Connect

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 55 papers presented in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 18 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

50

Industrial energy conservation technology  

SciTech Connect

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 60 papers included in this volume, all of which will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA); 21 were selected for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (MCW)

Schmidt, P.S.; Williams, M.A. (eds.)

1980-01-01

51

Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

Institute (TTI) has been committed to reducing energy consumption, conserving water and recycling since and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuel. Utility services and related energy management and conservation plans for these facilities would

52

Commercial space: policy analysis of profitability of retrofit for energy conservation. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to provide a factual and analytical basis for the formulation of policy alternatives to promote the retrofit of commercial buildings for energy conservation. Specifically, the study design called for: (1) the collection of detailed financial data and building characteristics for selected buildings in the Boston, Detroit, and Miama areas; (2) the identification of rational

J. Williams; D. Eisen; A. Beverly; R. Murray

1976-01-01

53

Energy conservation and analysis and evaluation. [specifically at Slidell Computer Complex  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The survey assembled and made recommendations directed at conserving utilities and reducing the use of energy at the Slidell Computer Complex. Specific items included were: (1) scheduling and controlling the use of gas and electricity, (2) building modifications to reduce energy, (3) replacement of old, inefficient equipment, (4) modifications to control systems, (5) evaluations of economizer cycles in HVAC systems, and (6) corrective settings for thermostats, ductstats, and other temperature and pressure control devices.

1976-01-01

54

Supply Curves of Conserved Energy  

SciTech Connect

Supply curves of conserved energy provide an accounting framework that expresses the potential for energy conservation. The economic worthiness of a conservation measure is expressed in terms of the cost of conserved energy, and a measure is considered economical when the cost of conserved energy is less than the price of the energy it replaces. A supply curve of conserved energy is independent of energy prices; however, the economical reserves of conserved energy will depend on energy prices. Double-counting of energy savings and error propagation are common problems when estimating conservation potentials, but supply curves minimize these difficulties and make their consequences predictable. The sensitivity of the cost of conserved energy is examined, as are variations in the optimal investment strategy in response to changes in inputs. Guidelines are presented for predicting the consequences of such changes. The conservation supply curve concept can be applied to peak power, water, pollution, and other markets where consumers demand a service rather than a particular good.

Meier, Alan Kevin

1982-05-01

55

Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one ...

Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee)

1996-01-01

56

An analysis of International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)-compliant single-family residential energy use  

E-print Network

properties of 8" block with perlite fill...................................................... 124 Table 4.21 Thermal properties of 8" block with perlite and concrete fill................................. 125 Table 4.22 Thermal properties of 8" block... with perlite fill...................................................... 127 x Page Table 4.23 Thermal properties of 8" block with perlite and concrete filled............................. 128 Table 4.24 Simulation scheme for window analysis...

Kim, Seongchan

2009-06-02

57

California's Energy Policy: Conservation Works  

E-print Network

Conservation is the foundation of California's energy policy and the largest single source of the state's 'new energy supply'. Our goal is to use economic market forces and government programs to direct energy Investments away from our current...

Greene, D.

1982-01-01

58

Energy conservation and air transportation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Air transportation demand and passenger energy demand are discussed, in relation to energy conservation. Alternatives to air travel are reviewed, along with airline advertising and ticket pricing. Cargo energy demand and airline systems efficiency are also examined, as well as fuel conservation techniques. Maximum efficiency of passenger aircraft, from B-747 to V/STOL to British Concorde, is compared.

1973-01-01

59

Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai  

E-print Network

Total electrical consumption? 9,210,007 kWh/year Total oil consumption? 9,719,002 MJ .2 t ? /year Electrical consumption? 157.4 kWh/ m 2?year Oil consumption? 166.1 MJ/ m2?year 4 kg/m 2? Electrical cost? 7,395,636 RMB/year Oil... cost? 1,005,130 RMB/year Chiller 12.2% Cooling Tower 0.4% Fan 4.4%Pump5.0% Equipment 45.5% Lighting 32.5% Fig.4 Electrical usage breakdown ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Co ntrol Systems for Energy Efficiency...

Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

2006-01-01

60

Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

61

Atoms and Conservation of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will explore how the Law of Conservation of Energy (the First Law of Thermodynamics) applies to atoms, as well as the implications of heating or cooling a system. This activity focuses on potential energy and kinetic energy as well as energy conservation. The goal is to apply what is learned to both our human scale world and the world of atoms and molecules.Students will be able to:

2012-07-19

62

Capital Improvements for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although colleges and universities have been aggressive in making capital improvements to conserve energy, their efforts have been hampered by limited capital funds. Decisions about capital investments tend to be complex because of the interrelatedness of conservation strategies and the need to consider the cost advantage of alternatives.…

Green, Alan C.

1981-01-01

63

Retrospective analysis of energy use and conservation trends: 1972-1982. Appendix  

SciTech Connect

This appendix contains the detailed documentation corresponding to the end-use sectoral analyses presented in the main report. The data and methods used to calculate alternative scenarios for estimating energy savings in four economic sectors are provided in this volume. Appendix A contains the detailed documentation for the residential sector analysis. The methodology used to prepare estimates of building energy savings in the commercial sector is provided in Appendix B. Finally, Appendices C and D discuss the data and explain the analytical techniques used to derive estimates of energy savings in the industrial and transportation sectors, respectively. 9 refs., 14 figs., 86 tabs.

Adams, R.C.; Belzer, D.B.; Fang, J.M.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lax, D.H.; Moe, R.J.; Roop, J.M.; Wusterbarth, A.R.

1985-06-01

64

Cooling Towers, Energy Conservation Machines  

E-print Network

Cooling towers, in all too many industrial plants, are often the neglected units of the process chain which are hidden bonanzas for energy conservation and dollar savings. By lowering the entire systems temperature by the use of colder water...

Burger, R.

1980-01-01

65

Residential Energy Conservation Forum  

SciTech Connect

A public forum for homeowners on how to reduce energy usage in the home. Representatives from Long Island Power Authority, Renewable Energy Long Island, and BNL explored alternative energy solutions for the home, analyzing energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental-friendliness. Some of the technologies discussed include solar panels, Energy Star-certified products, and modern wood-burning stoves.

2008-06-26

66

Fermilab Central Computing Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study  

SciTech Connect

This report is developed as part of the Fermilab Central Computing Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update under the provisions of DOE Document 6430.1, Chapter XIII-21, Section 14, paragraph a. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis and should be considered as a supplement to the Title I Design Report date March 1986 wherein energy related issues are discussed pertaining to building envelope and orientation as well as electrical systems design.

Krstulovich, S.F.

1986-11-12

67

A. La Rosa Lecture Notes ENERGY CONSERVATION  

E-print Network

________________________________________________________________________ ENERGY CONSERVATION The Fisrt Law of Thermodynamics and the Classical Work Kinetic-Energy (CWE) Theorem I. CONSERVATION of ENERGY Ref: This section taken from The Feynman Lectures Vol. 1, Ch. 4] I.1. What is energy? Illustration of conservation of energy with an analogy: Conservation of blocks I.2. Reversible and non

68

Foundry energy conservation workbook  

SciTech Connect

The foundry industry is a significant user of energy, and therefore, a natural candidate for efforts to save energy and improve efficiency by both governmental agencies and technical/trade associations. These efforts are designed to both improve the national energy position and improve the industry's efficiency and profitability. Increased energy cost and the reduced availability of fossil fuels at certain times have provided the incentive to curb waste and to utilize purchased energy wisely. Energy costs now approach and sometimes exceed 10% of the sales dollar of many foundries. Although energy use by foundries has gradually decreased on a per/ton basis in recent years, the foundry industry must continue to find ways to utilize energy more efficiently. This workbook provides ways to achieve this goal.

Not Available

1990-01-01

69

Household Energy Conservation and Efficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students complete three different activities to evaluate the energy consumption in a household and explore potential ways to reduce that consumption. The focus is on conservation and energy efficient electrical devices and appliances.The lesson reinforces the relationship between power and energy and associated measurements and calculations required to evaluate energy consumption. The lesson provides students with more concrete information for completing their culminating unit assignment.

Office of Educational Partnerships,

70

Energy conservation and older housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation and historic preservation interests can collide in older buildings of the southeast. While older buildings are often automatically assumed to be energy-inefficient, they are sometimes more efficient than modern structures. The author discusses insulation, artificial sidings, windows, and lighting. With each discussion he outlines potential problems arising from unwise choices of materials and procedures. Care must be given

2009-01-01

71

Energy Conservation and Gravity Waves in Sound-proof Treatments of Stellar Interiors. II. Lagrangian Constrained Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel; Brown, Benjamin P.; Wood, Toby S.; Zweibel, Ellen G.

2013-08-01

72

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

2013-08-20

73

Designing for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a description of the energy efficient designs for new schools in the Alief Independent School District of Houston, Texas. Exhibit A shows how four major school projects differ from conventional designs. Parameters and designs for heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and lighting are given. Twenty year projected energy costs and…

Estes, R. C.

74

Energy conservation principles  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This paper and presentation discuss preliminary findings from energy audits conducted in cotton gins in six states including the allocation of motor horse power and kilowatt hours energy consumption per bale. General inferences will be drawn from information collected at gin plants of various bale...

75

Renewables for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Thermal Solar Photovoltaic Geothermal* #12;Applications Power Generation Cooking Water Heating Process Commercial Residential #12;Industry Process Heating Energy from Waste Cogeneration Solar Water Heater Solar Water Heater ­ Residential, Commercial(Flat plate collector) Solar Water Heater ­ Boiler feed water

Banerjee, Rangan

76

76 FR 69122 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...regulations the energy and water conservation standards required by the Energy...published amended energy and water conservation standards for commercial clothes...Sec. 431.156 Energy and water conservation standards and effective...

2011-11-08

77

Economic analysis in support of proposed interim energy conservation voluntary performance standards for new non-federal residential buildings: Volume 6  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this document is to present an analysis of the impacts of the proposed voluntary energy conservation standard fr the construction of new residential buildings. This analysis examines the impacts of having the proposed residential standard apply immediately and, alternatively, having the proposed standard phased in over a five-year period.

NONE

1989-09-01

78

Building for energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ways in which buildings may be designed to increase thermal efficiency are discussed, giving first of all examples of thermal design in relation to climate. How the building itself may be designed to take advantage of solar energy and the ways in which heat loss takes place are described; the effect of design variables such as siting, volume, and insulation

Burberry

1978-01-01

79

Recreation Planning for Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To conserve energy consumed by cars and to improve the environment by reducing air pollution caused by them, communities should develop and expand already existing urban parks so they will be attractive to potential users who can reach them by walking or bicyling. (JD)

Gold, Seymour M.

1977-01-01

80

Energy conservation in swine buildings  

SciTech Connect

Saving energy in confinement swine buildings can be achieved by conserving existing animal heat through both proper building construction and control of the environment. Environmental management practices considered include building insulation and modifications, heating and cooling system selection, ventilation system adjustments, and proper building temperature. (MCW)

Jones, D.D.; Friday, W.H.

1980-05-01

81

ENERGY CONSERVATION THROUGH SOURCE REDUCTION  

EPA Science Inventory

This report deals with energy conservation through reduction in generation of post-consumer solid waste. The objective, scope, methodology and summary of the report are presented in Section 1. Section 2 contains the conclusions. Section 3 presents a review of output and input app...

82

Energy Conservation in Sensor and  

E-print Network

Sensor Networks Current research and implementation efforts are mostly oriented toward a traditionalChapter 4 Energy Conservation in Sensor and Sensor-Actuator Networks Ivan Stojmenovic 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Homogeneous Sensor Networks Recent technological advances have enabled the development

Stojmenovic, Ivan

83

75 FR 17036 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction AGENCY: Office of...energy conservation standards for small electric motors, which was published on March...energy conservation standards for small electric motors. Due to a drafting error,...

2010-04-05

84

Nonprice incentives and energy conservation.  

PubMed

In the electricity sector, energy conservation through technological and behavioral change is estimated to have a savings potential of 123 million metric tons of carbon per year, which represents 20% of US household direct emissions in the United States. In this article, we investigate the effectiveness of nonprice information strategies to motivate conservation behavior. We introduce environment and health-based messaging as a behavioral strategy to reduce energy use in the home and promote energy conservation. In a randomized controlled trial with real-time appliance-level energy metering, we find that environment and health-based information strategies, which communicate the environmental and public health externalities of electricity production, such as pounds of pollutants, childhood asthma, and cancer, outperform monetary savings information to drive behavioral change in the home. Environment and health-based information treatments motivated 8% energy savings versus control and were particularly effective on families with children, who achieved up to 19% energy savings. Our results are based on a panel of 3.4 million hourly appliance-level kilowatt-hour observations for 118 residences over 8 mo. We discuss the relative impacts of both cost-savings information and environmental health messaging strategies with residential consumers. PMID:25583494

Asensio, Omar I; Delmas, Magali A

2015-02-10

85

Energy conservation is a waste  

SciTech Connect

Energy conservation is virtually always a bust. Governments around the world continually trot out new schemes to reduce energy use and promote efficiency. The prime American example of this futility is government regulation of automobile gas mileage. Prompted by the Arab oil embargo of 1973, Congress mandated a doubling of gas mileage. What happened? Gasoline consumption rose from 1973 to the 1990s, as the roads were flooded with energy-efficient cars. Huge sport-utility vehicles crowd parking lots, also thanks to more efficient engines. Conservation fails because it takes no account of economics of human nature. The combination of greater engine efficiency and rising disposable income has produced a true golden age of motoring. In the same way, what is saved by installing special light bulbs is often wasted on new hot tubs, exterior lighting and a host of other energy uses, as homeowners assume that their electric bills will drop off substantially. In spite of these and dozens of other clear failures, the claims for conservation to solve virtually all the national energy dilemmas continue. Few if any are valid. While each of us can reduce energy use in one or two areas, one finds that the nation gradually uses more.

Inhaber, H. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies

1998-07-01

86

Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects  

E-print Network

Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects A.Keller, S. Hughes, S. Bennett, M, the Metropolitan Water District, the California Urban Water Conservation Council, Santa Clara Valley Water District) as a result of energy and water conservation; ~ Determined total cost of implementing the conservation

Keller, Arturo A.

87

The economics of energy conservation policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation proponents have recently attempted to provide a more rigorous economics justification for both energy appliance standards and utility energy conservation programmes. A tenable case cannot however, be made: market failures do not produce a consistent bias towards energy use; conservation programmes do not reduce the cause of the market failure, and more typically exacerbate market or regulatory failures;

Ronald J Sutherland

1996-01-01

88

Aerial thermography for energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal infrared scanning from an aircraft is a convenient and commercially available means for determining relative rates of energy loss from building roofs. The need to conserve energy as fuel costs makes the mass survey capability of aerial thermography an attractive adjunct to community energy awareness programs. Background information on principles of aerial thermography is presented. Thermal infrared scanning systems, flight and environmental requirements for data acquisition, preparation of thermographs for display, major users and suppliers of thermography, and suggested specifications for obtaining aerial scanning services were reviewed.

Jack, J. R.

1978-01-01

89

A Practical Approach to Process Analysis and Improvement for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

of the atmosphere [7]. The available energy concept was given by Gibbs and later developed further by Keenan [7]. In steady-state flow system, the available energy of a mixture, where such factors as kinetic and potential energies are neglected, is defined...", Chem. Eng. in a Changing World (W. T. Koetsier ed.), pp.483, Elsevier Pub. (1976) [7] Keenan, J. H., "Availability and Irreversibility in Thermodynamics", British Journal of Applied Physics, Vol.2, July, pp.183 (1951) [8] Gaggioli, R. A. and P...

Shiroko, K.; Umeda, T.

1980-01-01

90

ECASTAR: Energy Conservation; an Assessment of Systems, Technologies and Requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology for a systems approach display and assessment of the potential for energy conservation actions and the impacts of those actions was presented. The U.S. economy is divided into four sectors: energy industry, industry, residential/commercial and transportation. Each sector is assessed with respect to energy conservation actions and impacts. The four sectors are combined and three strategies for energy conservation actions for the combined sectors are assessed. The three strategies (national energy conservation, electrification and diversification) represent energy conservation actions for the near term (now to 1985), the mid term (1985 to 2000) and the far term (2000 and beyond). The assessment procedure includes input/output analysis to bridge the flows between the sectors, and net economics and net energetics as performance criteria for the conservation actions. Targets of opportunity for large net energy net energy savings and the application of technology to achieve these savings are discussed.

1975-01-01

91

76 FR 9696 - Equipment Price Forecasting in Energy Conservation Standards Analysis  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Annual Review of Resource Economics, 1: 597-619; and Tietenberg, T. (2009). ``Energy Efficiency Policy: Pipe Dream or Pipeline to the Future?'' Review of Environmental Economics and Policy. Vol. 3, No. 2: 304-320. \\3\\ A...

2011-02-22

92

Energy Conservation at Westinghouse R&D  

E-print Network

ENERGY CONSERVATION AT WESTINGHOUSE R&D Patrick Norelli and Vance Roy Plant Engineering Westinghouse R&D Center Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Presented herein is the history of "Energy Conservation at the Westinghouse R&D Center" from the time...

Norelli, P.; Roy, V.

1981-01-01

93

Energy Conservation for Public Office Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The energy conservation policy for public office buildings includes experimental designs of new federal office buildings in Manchester, New Hampshire and Saginaw, Michigan, as well as immediate energy conservation efforts. (Author/MF)

Roush, Larry F.

1973-01-01

94

Identification of cost effective energy conservation measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In addition to a successful program of readily implemented conservation actions for reducing building energy consumption at Kennedy Space Center, recent detailed analyses have identified further substantial savings for buildings representative of technical facilities designed when energy costs were low. The techniques employed for determination of these energy savings consisted of facility configuration analysis, power and lighting measurements, detailed computer simulations and simulation verifications. Use of these methods resulted in identification of projected energy savings as large as $330,000 a year (approximately two year break-even period) in a single building. Application of these techniques to other commercial buildings is discussed

Bierenbaum, H. S.; Boggs, W. H.

1978-01-01

95

Energy conservation in ice skating rinks  

SciTech Connect

An economic and energy analysis of ice rinks was made to examine the areas in which energy could be profitably conserved. The areas where new equipment could make a major reduction in energy use are: the use of waste heat for space heating, the installation of a low emissivity false ceiling to reduce radiant heat, the use of a load cycling controller to reduce refrigeration costs, and the installation of more efficient lighting systems. Changes in rink operating procedure that could cut energy use are: higher refrigerant temperatures, thinner ice, the use of colder resurfacing water, turning the compressors and pumps off at night, and reducing ventilation.

Dietrich, B.K.; McAvoy, T.J.

1980-01-01

96

78 FR 14717 - Energy Conservation Standards for Set-Top Boxes: Availability of Initial Analysis  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...rate), DOE conducts the LCC and PBP analysis by modeling both the uncertainty and variability in the inputs using Monte Carlo simulation and probability distributions. The primary outputs of the LCC and PBP analyses are: (1) Average...

2013-03-07

97

A compendium of energy conservation success stories  

SciTech Connect

Three-quarters of DOE's Conservation R and D funds have been devoted to technology research and development: basic and applied research, exploratory R and D, engineering feasibility studies, pilot-scale prototype R and D, and technology demonstration. Non R and D projects have involved technology assessment program planning and analysis, model development, technology transfer and consumer information, health effects and safety research, and technical support for rule making. The success stories summarized in this compendium fall into three general categories: Completed Technology Success Stories, projects that have resulted in new energy-saving technologies that are presently being used in the private sector; Technical Success Stories, projects that have produced or disseminated important scientific/technical information likely to result in future energy savings; Program Success Stories, non-R and D activities that have resulted in nationally significant energy benefits. The Energy Conservation research and development program at DOE is managed by the Office of Conservation under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. Three subordinate Program Offices correspond to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors. A fourth subordinate Program Office/endash/Energy Utilization Research/endash/sponsors research and technical inventions for all end-use sectors.

Not Available

1988-09-01

98

Energy conservation using face detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computerized Face Detection, is concerned with the difficult task of converting a video signal of a person to written text. It has several applications like face recognition, simultaneous multiple face processing, biometrics, security, video surveillance, human computer interface, image database management, digital cameras use face detection for autofocus, selecting regions of interest in photo slideshows that use a pan-and-scale and The Present Paper deals with energy conservation using face detection. Automating the process to a computer requires the use of various image processing techniques. There are various methods that can be used for Face Detection such as Contour tracking methods, Template matching, Controlled background, Model based, Motion based and color based. Basically, the video of the subject are converted into images are further selected manually for processing. However, several factors like poor illumination, movement of face, viewpoint-dependent Physical appearance, Acquisition geometry, Imaging conditions, Compression artifacts makes Face detection difficult. This paper reports an algorithm for conservation of energy using face detection for various devices. The present paper suggests Energy Conservation can be done by Detecting the Face and reducing the brightness of complete image and then adjusting the brightness of the particular area of an image where the face is located using histogram equalization.

Deotale, Nilesh T.; Kalbande, Dhananjay R.; Mishra, Akassh A.

2011-10-01

99

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers including: Environmental impacts; regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act as amended (P.L. 94-163), establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of standards on dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers. The economic impact analysis is performed in five major areas: An Engineering Analysis, which establishes technical feasibility and product attributes including costs of design options to improve appliance efficiency. A Consumer Analysis at two levels: national aggregate impacts, and impacts on individuals. The national aggregate impacts include forecasts of appliance sales, efficiencies, energy use, and consumer expenditures. The individual impacts are analyzed by Life-Cycle Cost (LCC), Payback Periods, and Cost of Conserved Energy (CCE), which evaluate the savings in operating expenses relative to increases in purchase price; A Manufacturer Analysis, which provides an estimate of manufacturers' response to the proposed standards. Their response is quantified by changes in several measures of financial performance for a firm. An Industry Impact Analysis shows financial and competitive impacts on the appliance industry. A Utility Analysis that measures the impacts of the altered energy-consumption patterns on electric utilities. A Environmental Effects analysis, which estimates changes in emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides, due to reduced energy consumption in the home and at the power plant. A Regulatory Impact Analysis collects the results of all the analyses into the net benefits and costs from a national perspective. 47 figs., 171 tabs. (JF)

Not Available

1990-12-01

100

Estimating the energy conservation potential of ventilation control through weather data analysis. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hourly weather data for six selected cities in the United States covering eleven consecutive years were analyzed to aid in estimating the possible energy saving that could be achieved by closing the outdoor dampers during unoccupied hours. Hourly temperature and enthalpy values are presented in histogram form for occupied and unoccupied periods (office use), with the suggestion that similar data

T. Kusuda; J. W. Bean

1977-01-01

101

On energy conservation in extended magnetohydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

A systematic study of energy conservation for extended magnetohydrodynamic models that include Hall terms and electron inertia is performed. It is observed that commonly used models do not conserve energy in the ideal limit, i.e., when viscosity and resistivity are neglected. In particular, a term in the momentum equation that is often neglected is seen to be needed for conservation of energy.

Kimura, Keiji [Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Morrison, P. J. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-1060 (United States)

2014-08-15

102

Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Conservation Investments  

E-print Network

The Alliance to Save Energy conducted case studies of conservation investment practices in five energy-intensive industries. A portion of the case studies focused on the economic evaluation of proposed conservation investments. The results suggested...

Reid, M. W.

1984-01-01

103

76 FR 56126 - Energy Conservation Program: Treatment of “Smart” Appliances in Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...appliances in the development of DOE's energy conservation standards...appliances in the development of DOE's energy conservation standards...Energy Efficiency, Office of Technology Development, Energy Efficiency and...

2011-09-12

104

77 FR 32381 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430 [Docket...EERE-2008-BT-STD-0019] RIN 1904-AB90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...Benefit Estimates utilize forecasts of energy prices and housing starts (which...

2012-05-31

105

California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission  

E-print Network

..,. "'- '-- "''-"'" CON-lOA:l4 California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission ~ Conservation Division Regulations for Appliance Efficiency Standards Relating to Gas Appliance Intermittent Space Heaters Water Heaters and Plumbing Fittings Amended December 22, 1977 #12;'- TABLJ

106

National Energy Conservation Policy Act: an evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A qualitative analysis is made of the landmark National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA) of 1978 to examine its basic principles and objectives, how it proposes to meet those objectives, and the extent to which they are likely to be met. The authors feel that, while the Act makes some progress in defining the principles of conservation, not enough significance is granted to the economics of energy supply and demand and the value of market signals; NECPA should be evaluated on the basis of the amount, the speed, and the cost of energy that can be saved. They also feel that vagueness in the text reflects the lack of consensus in defining specific conservation measures and te skepticism many feel toward government participation. Some of the constraints on utility participation in the Title II residential program, for example, are viewed as shortsighted. The major controvery over NECPA involves Title IV, which substitutes government-imposed energy-efficiency standards for pricing efficiency, although economicaly rational energy use will probably result from either approach. Two problems - lifecycle cost and procurement practices, both of which could discourage solar technologies - are noted for Title V. (DCK)

Schipper, l. (Univ. of California, Berkeley); Hollander, J.M.; Levine, M.; Craig, P.P.

1979-10-01

107

Energy Conservation Management Can Pay For Itself  

E-print Network

With proper management of energy conservation programs, any structure can be energy efficient. And this energy efficiency need not require great expenditures. A 'systems approach' to energy management identifies a series of activities which...

McCall, R.; Bickle, L.

1982-01-01

108

Energy conservation in large hospitals & medical centers.  

PubMed

Energy conservation programs can save money for medical centers. The necessary engineering capability to evaluate these methods can be provided by Clinical Engineering staffs since the analytical ability of the Clinical Engineer is directly transferable to energy conservation programs. Several conservation methods are applicable to hospitals and deserve consideration. Cogeneration can provide significant energy conservation without any sacrifice in comfort. Solar energy is well suited to hospitals and can provide good publicity as well as energy savings. Finally, better electronic and pneumatic controls for heating, air conditioning and ventilation can provide large energy savings at moderate cost. PMID:10252004

Ostroy, L

1981-01-01

109

78 FR 77607 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and...conservation standards for residential furnace fans, with a comment period that was scheduled...conservation standards for residential furnace fans published on October 25, 2013 (78...

2013-12-24

110

Energy Conservation Analysis  

E-print Network

in the program: tinting glass, single-to-double pane conversion, adding roof insulation, savings from landscape features, external wall shading and reduction in outside air. Each of these are evaluated in a separate building load subroutine. The program computes...

Clark, W. H.

1994-01-01

111

Equity implications of utility energy conservation programs  

SciTech Connect

This paper uses the Residential Energy Consumption Survey undertaken by the Energy Information Administration in 1990 to estimate the statistical association between household income and participation in electric utility energy conservation programs and the association between participation and the electricity consumption. The results indicate that utility rebates, energy audits, load management programs and other conservation measures tend to be undertaken at greater frequency by high income households than by low income households. Participants in conservation programs tend to occupy relatively new and energy efficient residences and undertake conservation measures other than utility programs, which suggests that utility sponsored programs are substitutes for other conservation investments. Electricity consumption during 1990 is not significantly less for households participating in utility programs than for nonparticipants, which also implies that utility conservation programs are displacing other conservation investments. Apparently, utility programs are not avoiding costs of new construction and instead are transferring wealth, particularly to high income participating households.

Sutherland, R.J.

1994-03-15

112

75 FR 21981 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...No: C1-2010-7611] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 [Docket Number EE-2006-BT-STD-0129] RIN 1904-AA90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Water Heaters, Direct Heating...

2010-04-27

113

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

2014-01-01

114

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

2011-01-01

115

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

2012-01-01

116

10 CFR 436.104 - Energy conservation measures and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measures and standards. 436.104...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING...Operations Plans § 436.104 Energy conservation measures and standards....

2013-01-01

117

A Utility View of Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Energy conservation, as viewed by the utility companies, is of real concern due to the energy situation and recent national energy legislation. The conversion programs of the electric utilities, particularly those in the southwestern part of the U...

Grant, S. A.

1979-01-01

118

District-Level Plan for Conservation. Energy Conservation Guidelines 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Updating a similar booklet published in 1975, this guide is written to assist local school districts in organizing their energy conservation efforts to maintain vital services and programs and to provide the healthful, safe, and comfortable physical environment necessary for schools. Topics covered include the composition of the district energy

Peterson, Irving M., Ed.; Colavita, Leon J., Ed.

119

Driver Education Curriculum Guide. Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide high school students with information concerning energy-efficient driving, this curriculum guide covers techniques of conserving energy, efficient use of motor vehicles, safe driving techniques, and development of energy-efficient driving habits. The guide consists of six lessons: (1) Fuel Conservation: Why It Is Essential; (2)…

Governor's Highway Safety Program Office, Columbus, OH.

120

Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention. Imagine that…

Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

2014-01-01

121

Energy Conservation/Efficiency Programs Chart  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this chart of energy conservation and efficiency programs. The document includes a visual overview of current and potential program curricula in energy conservation and efficiency. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

122

Diffusion in Energy Conserving Coupled Maps  

E-print Network

We consider a dynamical system consisting of subsystems indexed by a lattice. Each subsystem has one conserved degree of freedom ("energy") the rest being uniformly hyperbolic. The subsystems are weakly coupled together so that the sum of the subsystem energies remains conserved. We prove that the subsystem energies satisfy the diffusion equation in a suitable scaling limit.

Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

2012-09-09

123

Design of an energy conservation building  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concepts in designing and predicting energy consumption in a low energy use building are summarized. The building will use less than 30,000 Btu/sq.ft./yr. of boarder energy. The building's primary energy conservation features include heavy concrete walls with external insulation, a highly insulated ceiling, and large amounts of glass for natural lighting. A solar collector air system is integrated into the south wall. Calculations for energy conservation features were performed using NASA's NECAP Energy Program.

Jensen, R. N.

1981-01-01

124

77 FR 10997 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction AGENCY: Office of Energy...conservation standards for distribution transformers. It was recently discovered that values...Equipment,'' including distribution transformers. The Energy Policy Act of 1992...

2012-02-24

125

A Computer Analysis of Energy Use and Energy Conservation Options for a Twelve Story Office Building in Austin, Texas  

E-print Network

, Houston, Lubbock, and El Paso to study the influence of the weather on its energy consumption. In addition, a glass with high reflectivity and low overall heat transfer coefficient was used to study the reduction of glass conduction and glass solar loads...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.; Farad, M.

1986-01-01

126

Making an Energy Conservation Program Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first step of an energy conservation program is to monitor energy consumption. A system is explained that, in order to determine which buildings are energy efficient (considering all types of energy that a building might use), monitors total energy consumption. All such consumptions can be reduced to a common denominator: Barrels of Energy

Rump, Erwin E.; Hunter, James L.

127

Energy conservation potential of surface modification technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries. The energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries is assessed by estimating their friction and wear tribological sinks and the subsequent reduction in these sinks when surface modified tools are used. Ion implantation, coatings, and laser and electron beam surface modifications are considered.

Le, H.K.; Horne, D.M.; Silberglitt, R.S.

1985-09-01

128

Adoption of Energy Conservation among California Homeowners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1977, just as California was emerging from one of the worst droughts in its history, 215 Palo Alto homeowners were interviewed about their views on energy and water conservation, and about the extent to which they had adopted 11 energy-conserving practices (ECP) in the home. The objective was to discover variables both important to…

Leonard-Barton, Dorothy; Rogers, Everett M.

129

Energy Conservation--The Global Imperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents energy as a pivotal prerequisite of highly developed economic and social structure. Discusses: (1) fossil-fuel resources and demand in various countries; (2) energy conservation; (3) measures for conservation; (4) technology transfer; and (5) considerations to be regarded internationally. (HM)

Murthy, K. K.

1978-01-01

130

A Graduate Course in Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the University of Michigan's (Ann Arbor) success with a six-year energy conservation program (The Energy Star Program) offered by the Environmental Protection Agency. Describes the program's components and areas of savings the university has achieved. (GR)

Fickes, Michael

1999-01-01

131

Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit  

E-print Network

The quickly escalating cost of energy has outpaced all other plant costs and has placed energy conservation squarely as the critical leverage for improving profitability. The transition of priority created a need at the Union Carbide Seadrift, Texas...

Korich, R. D.

1982-01-01

132

Refuel Here for Energy Conservation Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests many possible educational activities for energy education under the following sub-headings: math and science, field trips, energy conservation in the home, language arts, and social studies. (MDR)

Hogue, June; Simmons, Barbara

1978-01-01

133

Chapter 28. Iowa supplemental energy conservation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Iowa supplemental energy conservation plan is designed to provide conservation services to those consumers who would not otherwise be offered services under the statewide I-SAVE conservation plan. The provisions of the plan are tailored to the needs and concerns of the small to medium-sized energy supplier and reflect a balance between effective conservation services, program participation, and cost-recovery ability. The plan applies to all electric and gas utilities not covered under the I-SAVE plan and to all suppliers of fuel oil, propane, and butane for home-heating purposes. Participation in the plan is voluntary. The text of the plan is presented.

None

1980-01-01

134

24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

2014-04-01

135

24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

2013-04-01

136

24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

2012-04-01

137

24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

2010-04-01

138

24 CFR 965.306 - Energy conservation equipment and practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Energy conservation equipment and practices. 965.306...PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.306 Energy conservation equipment and practices. In...

2011-04-01

139

Energy conservation in typical Asian countries  

SciTech Connect

Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

Yang, M. [International Inst. for Energy Conservation, Bangkok (Thailand); Rumsey, P. [Supersymmetry USA, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-06-01

140

Energy conservation in health-care facilities  

SciTech Connect

As energy expenditures continue their dramatic rise in the health-care industry, they absorb a larger portion of hospital budgets and prompt managers to seek ways to conserve energy and reduce consumption. Hospital managers, however, may be forced by capital constraints to choose between medical and energy conservation investments. The author examines some of the issues (including fairness, legal and financial impediments, and medical practices) involved in reducing health care costs. He makes practical suggestions for improving facility efficiency that include a strategy for energy management and a checklist of ideas. The case histories of 25 medical facilities illustrate conservation opportunities. 18 references, 34 figures, 3 tables. (DCK)

Hunt, V.D. (comp.)

1983-01-01

141

Conservation as an alternative energy source  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A speech is given outlining the energy situation in the United States. It is warned that the existing energy situation cannot prevail and the time is fast running out for continued growth or even maintenance of present levels. Energy conservation measures are given as an aid to decrease U.S. energy consumption, which would allow more time to develop alternative sources of energy.

Allen, D. E.

1978-01-01

142

Motivating People to Conserve Energy--Energy Conservation Education  

E-print Network

Energy is not saved merely by the installation of sophisticated computers, elaborate process equipment or wonder gadgets. Energy is saved or lost by the people who turn the valves that consume energy. The first step in any successful energy...

Cobb, D. L.; Jackson F.M.

1979-01-01

143

Electric load management and energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electric load management and energy conservation relate heavily to the major problems facing power industry at present. The three basic modes of energy conservation are identified as demand reduction, increased efficiency and substitution for scarce fuels. Direct and indirect load management objectives are to reduce peak loads and have future growth in electricity requirements in such a manner to cause more of it to fall off the system's peak. In this paper, an overview of proposed and implemented load management options is presented. Research opportunities exist for the evaluation of socio-economic impacts of energy conservation and load management schemes specially on the electric power industry itself.

Kheir, N. A.

1976-01-01

144

Marketing energy conservation options to Northwest manufactured home buyers  

SciTech Connect

This study relies on extensive, existing survey data and new analyses to develop information that would help design a marketing plan to achieve energy conservation in new manufactured homes. Existing surveys present comprehensive information about regional manufactured home occupants and their homes that are relevant to a potential conservation marketing plan. An independent analysis of the cost-effectiveness of various efficiency improvements provides background information for designing a marketing plan. This analysis focuses on the economic impacts of alternative energy conservation options as perceived by the home owner. Identifying impediments to conservation investments is also very important in designing a marketing plan. A recent report suggests that financial constraints and the need for better information and knowledge about conservation pose the major conservation investment barriers. Since loan interest rates for new manufactured homes typically exceed site-built rates by a considerable amount and the buyers tend to have lower incomes, the economics of manufactured home conservation investments are likely to significantly influence their viability. Conservation information and its presentation directly influences the manufactured home buyer's decision. A marketing plan should address these impediments and their implications very clearly. Dealers express a belief that consumer satisfaction is the major advantage to selling energy efficient manufactured homes. This suggests that targeting dealers in a marketing plan and providing them direct information on consumers' indicated attitudes may be important. 74 refs.

Hendrickson, P.L.; Mohler, B.L.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lee, A.D.; Onisko, S.A.

1985-06-01

145

Energy Conservation. Educational Facilities Digest 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because today's schools consume large amounts of energy and, consequently, pay high energy bills, the term "energy cirsis" is no exaggeration to describe the situation facing educators and school administrators. Schools everywhere are under pressure to use less electricity, natural gas, heating oil, and gasoline. While energy conservation

Council of Educational Facility Planners, Columbus, OH.

146

Transportation Energy Use and Conservation Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes transportation energy consumption and energy intensiveness for inter-city freight and passenger traffic and urban passenger traffic with the definition of energy intensiveness as Btu per ton-mile or per passenger-mile. Indicates that public education is one of three ways to achieve the goals of energy conservation. (CC)

Hirst, Eric

1973-01-01

147

14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

2012-01-01

148

14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

2011-01-01

149

14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

2010-01-01

150

14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

2014-01-01

151

14 CFR 152.609 - Energy conservation practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation practices. 152.609 Section 152...AIRPORTS AIRPORT AID PROGRAM Energy Conservation in Airport Aid Program § 152.609 Energy conservation practices. Each sponsor shall...

2013-01-01

152

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2012-07-01

153

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2007-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2011-07-01

154

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2013-07-01

155

41 CFR 101-25.112 - Energy conservation policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2012-07-01 true Energy conservation policy. 101-25.112 Section...Policies § 101-25.112 Energy conservation policy. (a) Agency officials...pursuant to Public Law 94-163, Energy Policy and Conservation Act....

2014-07-01

156

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

energy consumption, conserving water and recycling since the 1980's, with a renewed emphasis since 2002Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan Quarterly Report ­ June 30. TTI's Energy Management and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have

157

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2012-07-01

158

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2011-07-01

159

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2014-07-01

160

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2013-07-01

161

The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic  

E-print Network

The cost of conserved energy (CCE) is an investment statistic that simplifies comparison of conservation measures among themselves and against competing energy supplies. A formula for calculating the cost of conserved energy formula is presented. A...

Meier, A. K.

1984-01-01

162

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2010-07-01

163

Biosludge Incineration - A Program for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Waste biosludge generated in Shell's Deer Park Manufacturing Complex aqueous effluent treatment facilities is disposed of by on-site incineration. In 1981, an energy conservation program resulted in a 48 percent reduction in natural gas consumption...

Compernolle, R. V.

1982-01-01

164

Energy Conservation Through Education and Training  

E-print Network

A successful energy conservation program at a large industrial complex depends on the participation and active contribution of the entire staff. In order to achieve this goal it is essential for people to have an overall understanding and insight...

Sorotzkin, J.

1981-01-01

165

Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes  

E-print Network

This paper summarizes the results of a survey of energy conservation options applicable to distillation processes. Over twenty such options were identified, and eight of these were selected for detailed presentation. These options were chosen...

Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

1980-01-01

166

The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society  

E-print Network

membership, recent meeting topics, and examples of some benefits to society members are also presented. The Gulf Coast Energy Conservation Society was the outcome of informal meetings between Amoco, Union Carbide, and Monsanto back in 1973 and has grown...

Faulkner, C. R.

1979-01-01

167

Energy Conservation Guidelines for Pennsylvania Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy conservation measures that can be effected in the architecture and engineering of new and existing school buildings are listed. Guidelines are also offered for general school operation and maintenance. (MLF)

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.

168

Education and Training for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

A successful energy conservation program at a large industrial complex depends on the participation and active contribution of the entire staff. To achieve this goal it is essential for people to have an overall understanding and insight as well...

Sorotzkin, J.

1982-01-01

169

Energy Conservation for Boiler Water Systems  

E-print Network

such as boiler blowdown heat recovery, economizers, air preheaters, and boiler blowdown control. The chemical aspects discussed for energy conservation include fuel additives, boiler internal treatment, and condensate treatments. The emphasis in this paper...

Beardsley, M. L.

1981-01-01

170

Canada's Voluntary Industrial Energy Conservation Program  

E-print Network

camnit to initiating a comprehensive programme of voluntary industrial energy conservation. 2. This programme would include, as far as practicable, all industries across Canada. 3. Voluntary conservation targets for improving the efficiency... original Task Forces and their ccmmit ments to reduce the energy required per unit of production were as follows: Task Forces 1980 Goal Ferrous Metals 3% Non-Ferrous Metals 6% Industrial Minerals 10% Textiles 11% Pulp and P'1per 12% Machinery 15...

Wolf, C. A., Jr.

1980-01-01

171

On energy conservation in electromagnetic radiation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy conservation in the radiation process by electron beam in a wave guide with arbitrary cross section is proved.\\u000a Some mistakes in Ref. [1] by myself are corrected. And the results are extended to the waveguide system with one shorted end.\\u000a This result explains that the energy conservation is intrinsic attributes of the Maxwell’s equation set.

Song Wenmiao

1990-01-01

172

Energy Conservation in the Bell System  

E-print Network

ENERGY CONSERVATION IN THE BELL SYSTEM M. R. Del Grande American Telephone and Telegraph Company 295 North Maple Avenue Basking Ridge, NJ 07920 ABSTRACT In December 1973, the Bell System launched a comprehensive energy conservation program..., and the United States Government. In providing telecommunications services, the Bell System employs nearly one million people, utilizes almost 28,000 buildings, and operates over 180,000 motor vehicles (the world's largest owned and operated private fleet...

Del Grande, M. R.

1979-01-01

173

First Year Analysis of Industrial Energy Conservation/Management of the Texas A&M University- Kingsville Energy Analysis and Diagnostic Center  

E-print Network

the energy-related needs of small and medium sized manufacturers. These needs relate specifically to energy used in manufacturing processes but also include other aspects of a manufacturer's energy use. The Center analyzes operating characteristics and energy...

Medina, M. A.; Elkassabgi, Y.

174

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Course Development Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on energy efficiency and conservation methods. The curriculum focuses on energy use reduction, both in commercial and domestic settings. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

175

Energy Conservation on Campus. Volume I. Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high cost of energy and the curtailment of primary preferred fuel has upset many long-standing maintenance and operation policies, forcing institutions to look quickly for ways to reduce energy usage. This booklet is designed to assist institutions of higher education in establishing or upgrading energy conservation programs. The development…

Federal Energy Administration, Washington, DC.

176

Energy Conservation Utilizing Wireless Dimmable Lighting Control  

E-print Network

Energy Conservation Utilizing Wireless Dimmable Lighting Control in a Shared-Space Office Yao & motivation Research goals Research questions System design & development System implementation Implementation Lighting accounts for 25-30% of energy usage in building electrical systems Energy savings can be generated

Agogino, Alice M.

177

76 FR 43941 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy through the...rulemaking process, see section...regulations.gov, including Federal Register...Government, including influential...Bulletin, the energy conservation...development process and...

2011-07-22

178

Undeformed (additive) energy conservation law in Doubly Special Relativity  

E-print Network

All the Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) models studied in literature so far involve a deformation of the energy conservation rule that forces us to release the hypothesis of the additivity of the energy for composite systems. In view of the importance of the issue for a consistent formulation of a DSR statistical mechanics and a DSR thermodynamics, we show that DSR models preserving the usual (i.e. additive) energy conservation rule can be found. These models allow the construction of a DSR-covariant extensive energy. The implications of the analysis for the dynamics of DSR-covariant multiparticle systems are also briefly discussed.

Gianluca Mandanici

2008-11-11

179

Net zero building energy conservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research deals with energy studies performed as part of a net-zero energy study for buildings. Measured data of actual energy utilization by a building for a continuous period of 33 months was collected and studied. The peak design day on which the building consumes maximum energy was found. The averages of the energy consumption for the peak month were determined. The DOE EnergyPlus software was used to simulate the energy requirements for the building and also obtain peak energy requirements for the peak month. Alternative energy sources such as ground source heat pump, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and day-lighting modifications were applied to redesign the energy consumption for the building towards meeting net-zero energy requirements. The present energy use by the building, DOE Energy software simulations for the building as well as the net-zero model for the building were studied. The extents of the contributions of the individual energy harvesting measures were studied. For meeting Net Zero Energy requirement, it was found that the total energy load for the building can be distributed between alternative energy methods as 5.4% to daylighting modifications, 58% to geothermal and 36.6% to solar photovoltaic panels for electricity supply and thermal energy. Thus the directions to proceed towards achieving complete net-zero energy status were identified.

Kadam, Rohit

180

Energy Conservation in Process Heaters  

E-print Network

Energy savings in refinery and petrochemical fired heaters can basically be achieved in two ways: Thru optimization on energy use which can be done with small or no investments, or with extensive energy recovery systems. Various alternatives...

Bagge, R. W.

1982-01-01

181

Social Norms and Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

This paper evaluates a pilot program run by a company called OPOWER, previously known as Positive Energy, to mail home energy reports to residential utility consumers. The reports compare a household’s energy use to that ...

Allcott, Hunt

182

Energy Conservation Through Effective Utilization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various ways in which the demand for energy could be decreased, focusing not so much on discouraging demand by increasing prices, as on reducing energy consumption by improving efficiency of energy utilization in buildings and in industry. (JR)

Berg, Charles A.

1973-01-01

183

State industrial energy-conservation workshops  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Office of Industrial Programs, in cooperation with the Office of State and Local Programs, sponsored a series of four workshops on state industrial energy-conservation programs in September and October, 1980. The workshops provided it a forum in which Federal and state officials could discuss: Federal programs supporting the development and implementation of industrial energy-conservation technology; Federal assistance available for state and local energy-conservation programs; states' programs and policy efforts to encourage industrial energy conservation, and identification of states' needs and recommendations for actions to meet the states' needs more effectively. The basic focus of the workshops was on industrial programs developed by the states through funding by the State Energy-Conservation Program. The objectives, background, and format of the workshops are described in Section 2. A summary of state industrial programs in Section 3 includes a program measure matrix and a discussion of elements in program design. Section 4 describes factors affecting the development, implementation, and evaluation of state industrial conservation programs. In Section 5 state needs, as perceived by the state representatives, are presented and discussed. Section 6 summarizes the states' suggestions as developed in the third session of each workshop.

Murphy, P.T.; Tatar, J.J.; Evans, A.R.; Anderson, R.W.

1981-01-01

184

Energy conservation standards for room air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) of 1987 established minimum energy-efficiency standards for room air conditioners, which became effective on January 1, 1990. The 1990 minimum energy-efficiency ratios (EER) range from 8.0 to 9.0 (Btu/h)/W (2.34 to 2.64 W/W). As required by NAECA, the Department of Energy (DOE) must also consider amending the room air conditioner standards that went into effect in 1990. As a result, the DOE issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) in March 1994 proposing new energy-efficiency standards for several products including room air conditioners. DOE received an extensive number of comments in response to the updated standards that were proposed. A reanalysis was conducted incorporating these comments, resulting in revised estimates of the cost and efficiency increases for more efficient room air conditioner designs. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of DOE`s effort to revise the energy-efficiency standards that were proposed for room air conditioners in March 1994. The analysis shows that for the most popular classes of room air conditioners (classes without reverse cycle, with louvered sides, and with capacities ranging from less than 5000 to 20,000 Btu/h [1758 to 5860 W]) EERs of approximately 10.0 (Btu/h)/W (2.93 W/W) can be achieved by incorporating commonly used technologies, such as high-efficiency rotary compressors, grooved refrigerant tubing, slit-type fins, subcoolers, and permanent split capacitor fan motors. Even greater increases in efficiency can be realized with brushless permanent magnet fan motors, enlarged heat exchanger coils, and variable-speed compressors.

Rosenquist, G.J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1998-12-31

185

California Energy Resources Conservation and  

E-print Network

and Development Commission (Energy Commission) to receive and administer federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) funds awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy for its State Energy Program (Energy Program). On February 17, 2009, the federal government enacted the Recovery Act

186

Energy Conservation Management in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an energy management program to be presented at the annual meeting of the Association of School Business Officials. The program is based on the Carleton Board of Education (Ontario) energy management program. (Author/MLF)

Bourassa, A. A.

1980-01-01

187

Weber-like interactions and energy conservation  

E-print Network

Velocity dependent forces varying as $k(\\hat{r}/r)(1 - \\mu \\dot{r}^2 + \\gamma r \\ddot{r})$ (such as Weber force), here called Weber-like forces, are examined from the point of view of energy conservation and it is proved that they are conservative if and only if $\\gamma=2\\mu$. As a consequence, it is shown that gravitational theories employing Weber-like forces cannot be conservative and also yield both the precession of the perihelion of Mercury as well as the gravitational deflection of light.

F. Bunchaft; S. Carneiro

1997-08-20

188

Social psychological aspects of energy conservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although some increases in the adoption of energy-efficient practices have been noted, only a small fraction of the potential savings are being realized, perhaps because human behavior is too complex for existing economic models. The rational-economic model is able to predict behavior in many situations, but it has limitations. To design effective public policy, the social, cognitive, and personal forces, that in addition to the economic realities define the situation, must be understood. This chapter examines one aspect of current energy conservation policy, the home energy audit program mandated by the Residential Conservation Service, and attempts to show how existing social psychological research might be beneficially applied.

Aronson, Elliot; Yates, Suzanne

1985-11-01

189

Conservation and Renewable Energy Program: Bibliography, 1988 edition  

SciTech Connect

The 831 references covering the period 1980 through Feb. 1988, are arranged under the following: analysis and evaluation, building equipment, building thermal envelope systems and materials, community systems and cogeneration, residential conservation service, retrofit, advanced heat engine ceramics, alternative fuels, microemulsion fuels, industrial chemical heat pumps, materials for waste heat utilization, energy conversion and utilization materials, tribology, emergency energy conservation,inventions, electric energy systems, thermal storage, biofuels production, biotechnology, solar technology, geothermal, and continuous chromatography in multicomponent separations. An author index is included.

Vaughan, K.H. (comp.)

1988-04-01

190

Barriers to household investment in residential energy conservation: preliminary assessment  

SciTech Connect

A general assessment of the range of barriers which impede household investments in weatherization and other energy efficiency improvements for their homes is provided. The relationship of similar factors to households' interest in receiving a free energy audits examined. Rates of return that underly household investments in major conservation improvements are assessed. A special analysis of household knowledge of economically attractive investments is provided that compares high payback improvements specified by the energy audit with the list of needed or desirable conservation improvements identified by respondents. (LEW)

Hoffman, W.L.

1982-12-01

191

On Energy Conservation in Lund String Fragmentation  

E-print Network

I discuss a Monte Carlo algorithm for hadronization in the Lund string fragmentation picture, which conserves energy and momentum exactly as is proposed by the model. An embryo to this Monte Carlo is used to calculate the total decay density of a string. This is found to reach its predicted asymptotic behaviour already at a string energy of about six hadron masses.

Patrik Eden

2000-04-14

192

Energy Conservation Through Rational Architecture and Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Buildings can be designed in harmony with the natural environment, and new techniques of "active" solar design exist to collect and use solar energy for space heating and cooling. Preservation and reuse of existing buildings and neighborhoods are other ways to conserve energy. (Author/MLF)

Brubaker, C. William

1976-01-01

193

Dissipative or conservative cosmology with dark energy?  

SciTech Connect

All evolutional paths for all admissible initial conditions of FRW cosmological models with dissipative dust fluid (described by dark matter, baryonic matter and dark energy) are analyzed using dynamical system approach. With that approach, one is able to see how generic the class of solutions leading to the desired property-acceleration-is. The theory of dynamical systems also offers a possibility of investigating all possible solutions and their stability with tools of Newtonian mechanics of a particle moving in a one-dimensional potential which is parameterized by the cosmological scale factor. We demonstrate that flat cosmology with bulk viscosity can be treated as a conservative system with a potential function of the Chaplygin gas type. We characterize the class of dark energy models that admit late time de Sitter attractor solution in terms of the potential function of corresponding conservative system. We argue that inclusion of dissipation effects makes the model more realistic because of its structural stability. We also confront viscous models with SNIa observations. The best fitted models are obtained by minimizing the {chi}{sup 2} function which is illustrated by residuals and {chi}{sup 2} levels in the space of model independent parameters. The general conclusion is that SNIa data supports the viscous model without the cosmological constant. The obtained values of {chi}{sup 2} statistic are comparable for both the viscous model and {lambda}CDM model. The Bayesian information criteria are used to compare the models with different power-law parameterization of viscous effects. Our result of this analysis shows that SNIa data supports viscous cosmology more than the {lambda}CDM model if the coefficient in viscosity parameterization is fixed. The Bayes factor is also used to obtain the posterior probability of the model.

Szydlowski, Marek [Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, Orla 171, 30-244 Krakow (Poland); Marc Kac Complex Systems Research Center, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)], E-mail: uoszydlo@cyf-kr.edu.pl; Hrycyna, Orest [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin (Poland)], E-mail: hrycyna@kul.lublin.pl

2007-12-15

194

Energy savings potential from energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

This report systematically compares, within a consistent framework, the technical and economic characteristics of energy-conserving irrigation systems with those of conventional irrigation systems and to determine total energy savings. Levelized annual costs of owning and operating both energy-conserving and conventional irrigation systems have been developed and compared for all 17 states to account for the differences in energy costs and irrigation conditions in each state. Market penetration of energy-conserving systems is assessed for those systems having lower levelized annual costs than conventional systems performing the same function. Annual energy savings were computed by matching the energy savings per system with an assumed maximum market penetration of 100 percent in those markets where the levelized annual costs of energy-conserving systems are lower than the levelized annual costs of conventional systems.

Wilfert, G.L.; Patton, W.P.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.

1982-11-01

195

Energy conservation in museums and historic buildings  

SciTech Connect

The special environmental needs of museums and historic buildings can be met through methods that conserve energy as well. The research reported in this article is a result of a project undertaken to assess the energy conservation possibilities in such buildings. The irreplaceable nature of museum collections and the historic structures which often house them mandates that proper care be taken not to cause any irreversible damage in the process of saving energy. This article outlines specific heating, cooling and humidity control guidelines to follow, and recommends that all such buildings have an energy audit performed on their facilities. It also describes an energy use data base which has been compiled to show the actual energy consumption of museums.

Ucar, M.; Doering, G.C.

1983-08-01

196

Graphical Methods in Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

It goes without saying that more efficient use of electrical energy results in savings for both companies and their customers, but effective communication of such information to customers, clients, management, and anyone else without technical...

McAlister, J.

197

Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities  

SciTech Connect

This document is a study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major end-use sectors. The study develops and applies a systematic approach to identifying and screening applied energy conservation research opportunities. To broadly cover the energy end-use sectors, this study develops useful information relating to the areas where federally-funded applied research will most likely play an important role in promoting energy conservation. This study is not designed to produce a detailed agenda of specific recommended research activities. The general information presented allows uniform comparisons of disparate research areas and as such provides the basis for formulating a cost-effective, comprehensive federal-applied energy conservation research strategy. Chapter 2 discusses the various methodologies that have been used in the past to identify research opportunities and details the approach used here. In Chapters 3, 4, and 5 the methodology is applied to the buildings, transportation, and industrial end-use sectors and the opportunities for applied research in these sectors are discussed.Chapter 6 synthesizes the results of the previous three chapters to give a comprehensive picture of applied energy conservation research opportunities across all end-use sectors and presents the conclusions to the report.

Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

1981-12-01

198

Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation  

E-print Network

conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants... and several specific techniques such as Heat pipe application, Coal oil mixture, Coal water slurry are also mentioned in this paper. INTRODUCTION China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) is a comprehensive state enterprise combining manufac turing...

You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

199

Reliable aerial thermography for energy conservation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method for energy conservation, the aerial thermography survey, is discussed. It locates sources of energy losses and wasteful energy management practices. An operational map is presented for clear sky conditions. The map outlines the key environmental conditions conductive to obtaining reliable aerial thermography. The map is developed from defined visual and heat loss discrimination criteria which are quantized based on flat roof heat transfer calculations.

Jack, J. R.; Bowman, R. L.

1981-01-01

200

Labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures  

SciTech Connect

Three papers are presented discussing the labor and energy impacts of energy-conservation measures, namely: Generation of the Industry/Occupation Wage Matrix and Related Matters, by Carole Green; Job Shifts from Energy Conservation (Salary Distribution Effects), by Robert A. Herendeen; and Energy and Labor Implication of Improving Thermal Integrity of New Houses, by John Joseph Nangle. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper.

Not Available

1980-01-01

201

Assessment of residential energy conservation programs  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a broad overview of programs that encourage residential energy conservation or provide services that result in energy conservation in residential space heating, space cooling, and water heating. These programs focus on residential buildings with one to four dwelling units. Energy conservation retrofits are a type of discretionary home improvement that may be a good investment but that still must be subordinate to the purchase of necessities and must compete with other discretionary purchases. Hence, the attitudes, motivation, and information needs of energy consumers are important considerations that should be accounted for in promoting and structuring a program of residential energy conservation. A literature review identifies the relevant characteristics of consumers and how the consumers interact with the programs. An inventory containing short descriptions of programs is included, but is not meant to be exhaustive; rather, it illustrates the wide variety of programs currently or formerly in operation. The inventory also mentions the many organizations that sponsor or cooperate in programs and the variety of techniques that are used. Based on a qualitative assessment of these programs and the information obtained from the literature review, five hypotheses were developed about characteristics that tend to be associated with successful programs.

Kier, P.H.; Ettinger, G.A.; Hrabak, R.A.; Kron, N.F. Jr.; Suchy, K.W.; Tschanz, J.F.; Von Zuckerstein, I.M.

1984-05-01

202

Window design to conserve energy  

SciTech Connect

Describes how windows can be made more energy efficient. Outlines exterior window strategies, outlines frames and glazing, and describes interior strategies. Each strategy is designed to maximize at least one of the attributes of windows: passive solar heat, daylighting, shading, insulation, air tightness, and ventilation. Primary audience: architects, contractors, builders, and students.

NONE

1994-12-31

203

Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production  

E-print Network

in granulating and drying fertilizer. The device has been installed in about 30 fertilizer plants across the U.S.A. resulting in current annual energy savings equivalent to approximately 11 million gallons of fuel oil. In six years of cooperation with the TVA...

Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

1984-01-01

204

Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting  

E-print Network

are changed. LI FECOST - $+ I 2000 l ' I i f lUfo1lNAIRES CLEANED ONLY I _, / WHEN LAMP IS CHANGED 1500 t 20% SAVINGS [ o---J-o-- ! Iii LIFECOST i --0--~ 1000 lUMINAIRES CLEANEDt L ! ONCE A YEAR liOTE: ENERGY SAVINGS IS 351:. 500 t I AREA: 900...

Meharg, E.

1979-01-01

205

Water conservation through energy management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is the simultaneous management of two important industrial resources – energy and water. A class of industrial processes where heat transfer is accompanied by mass transfer (water evaporation and condensation) are concerned, and special attention is given to them where the transfer of heat is a limiting stage. These processes are considered not in isolation

Toshko K. Zhelev

2005-01-01

206

Teaching Energy Conservation as a Unifying Principle in Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work we present the design and assessment of a teaching sequence aimed at introducing the principle of energy conservation at post-compulsory secondary school level (16-18 year olds). The proposal is based on the result of research into teaching-learning difficulties and on the analysis of the physics framework. Evidence is shown that this…

Solbes, Jordi; Guisasola, Jenaro; Tarin, Francisco

2009-01-01

207

Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Petroleum Refining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the analysis presented here is improved recovery (and use) of waste heat at existing petroleum refineries. The major energy-conservation opportunities associated with waste heat are systematically examined both physically and in terms of cost. The opportunities at the Study Refinery are systematically examined in detail. The presentation begins with an overview of the processes carried out in

William Gale Larsen

1990-01-01

208

77 FR 3404 - Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers: Public Meeting and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Determine Installed Price C. Energy Use Analysis D...manufacturer selling price and equipment efficiency...is evaluating for energy conservation standards...manufacturer selling price, sales taxes, distribution...of the equipment (energy cost, water...

2012-01-24

209

77 FR 40530 - Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Determine Installed Price C. Energy Use Analysis D...manufacturer selling price and product efficiency...evaluating as potential energy conservation standards...manufacturer selling price, sales taxes, distribution...of the product (energy cost, water...

2012-07-10

210

A Field Tested Model of Industrial Energy Conservation Assistance to Small Industries  

E-print Network

The University of Tennessee is one of three universities selected by the Industrial Energy Conservation Program of the Department of Energy to develop and demonstrate the concept of an Energy Analysis and Diagnostics Center (EADC). The objective...

Jendrucko, R. J.; Mitchell, D. S.; Snyder, W. T.; Symonds, F. W.

1980-01-01

211

Determination for the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code, Residential Buildings – Technical Support Document  

SciTech Connect

Provides a technical analysis showing that the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code contains improvements in energy efficiency compared to its predecessor, the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code. DOE is required by law to issue "determinations" of whether or not new editions of the IECC improve energy efficiency.

Lucas, Robert G.

2009-09-26

212

Conservation in the energy industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic energy supply and utilization problems faced by the United States were described. Actions which might alleviate the domestic shortfall of petroleum and natural gas are described, analyzed and overall impacts are assessed. Specific actions included are coal gasification, in situ shale oil production, improved oil and gas recovery, importation of liquid natural gas and deregulation of natural gas prices. These actions are weighed against each other as alternate techniques of alleviating or overcoming existing shortfalls.

1975-01-01

213

Electrical Energy Conservation and Load Management - An Industrial User's Viewpoint  

E-print Network

Conservation of electrical energy and load management can reduce industry's electric bills, conserves natural resources and reduces the need for new generating plants. In recent years, industry has implemented extensive conservation programs. Some...

Jackson, C. E.

1984-01-01

214

Energy conservation, using remote thermal scanning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Airborne thermal infrared scans and thermal maps utilized in NASA's energy conservation program have proven to be efficient cost-effective method for identifying heat losses from building roofs and heating system distribution lines. Method employs commercially available equipment in highly developed way.

Bowman, R. L.; Jack, J. R.

1978-01-01

215

Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures: Management Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a summary of the first of five phases of a demonstration project of energy conservation school building modifications. The ten schools studied in this phase were selected as typical of the variations of building design, construction, and location for schools in this country. Given in this report are: (1) descriptions of the schools…

American Association of School Administrators, Washington, DC.

216

Energy Management and the Conservation Investment Decision  

E-print Network

This paper will describe briefly the model and method used to determine the value of the differential cash flow from an Energy Conservation Investment (E.C.I.). The key ingredients are the net effect on cash flow over the useful life...

DeLozier, T. C.

1983-01-01

217

Energy Conservation Featured in Illinois High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, scheduled to open in 1977, is being built with energy conservation uppermost in mind. In this system, 70 heat pumps will heat and cool 300,000 square feet of educational facilities. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1976

1976-01-01

218

Conceptual Physics Conservation of Energy Units  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This topic is broken into units to help in formulating cohesive, effective lessons. Clicking on each unit title will display appropriate activities, lesson plans, or labs. Units are intended to help students understand the interconnectedness of the concepts of conservation of energy, momentum and angular momentum underpinning the basis for much of physics. Units are not listed in a prescribed order.

The Physics Front

2011-09-20

219

Adjusting Your Water Heater to Conserve Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

- In this lab-based activity the students will use their knowledge about the law of conservation of energy to explain the loss of heat by warm water to cold water. Then, the students will use these concepts to design and carry an experiment to determine the unknown temperature of a hot water sample.

Nour Sinada, Woodbury Junior High, Woodbury, MN, based on the an original activity from the curriculum of 9th grade physical science in South Washington County Schools and from the USAFA Department of Chemistry

220

Thermal Comfort and Strategies for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses studies in thermal comfort which served as the basis for the comfort standard. Examines seven variables in the human response to the thermal environment in terms of the ways in which they can be modified to conserve energy. (Author/MK)

Rohles, Frederick H., Jr.

1981-01-01

221

Energy conserving automatic light output system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy conserving lighting system is provided wherein a plurality of fluorescent lamps are powered by a poorly regulated voltage source power supply which provides a decreasing supply voltage with increasing arc current so as to generally match the volt-ampere characteristics of the lamps. A transistor ballast and control circuit connected in the arc current path controls the arc current,

Widmayer

1983-01-01

222

The Urgent Need for Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the serious nature of the Energy Crisis'' and the dependence of the United States economy on imported hydrocarbons. Urges immediate action to alleviate the situation by increasing domestic production of oil, substituting coal for oil, and by conservation, especially in the use of automobile fuel. (JR)

Abelson, Philip H.

1973-01-01

223

Energy Conservation Guidebook : to be Used in Conjunction with the Energy Conservation Policies October 1993.  

SciTech Connect

This guidebook is an instrument for implementing BPA`s Energy Conservation Policies established through the concensus of the four Area Office Managers and the Assistant Administrator for the Office of Energy Resources. As technical support for, and elaboration of, the Energy Conservation Policies, the Guidebook follows the format of the Policies themselves. The Guidebook tackles each section of the Policies in order, again assigning roles and responsibilities where appropriate, enlarging on policy issues and, where appropriate, outlining data considerations. The sections in order are: conservation load reduction, cost-effectiveness limits, BA management targets, consumer contributions, utility contribution, program verification, and program evaluation.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1993-11-01

224

Energy Responsibility Accounting - An Energy Conservation Tool for Industrial Facilities  

E-print Network

, the AC Spark Plug Division plant in It also provides the factual justification Flint, Michigan, implemented ERA in its needed to allocate manpower and dollars for Plant Engineering Department and achieved cost effective conservation activities. 718...ENERGY RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTING AN ENERGY CONSERVATION TOOL FOR INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES Richard L. Kelly, General Motors Corporation Detroit, Michigan ABSTRACT As energy costs continue to rise faster than the rate of inflation, industrial...

Kelly, R. L.

1980-01-01

225

Emergency petroleum conservation: a review and analysis of selected measures  

SciTech Connect

ORNL was asked by the Economic Regulatory Administration to (1) collect, screen, and recommend a limited number of emergency measures that might conserve petroleum in residential and commercial buildings and in commercial transportation and (2) provide a detailed analysis of the energy savings and the economic and environmental impacts associated with restricting the hours of operation of commercial buildings. A total of 41 emergency measures were identified that might conserve petroleum, and these were reduced to a list of five that seemed most promising. Analysis of the measure to restrict hours of operation for commercial buildings shows that it might save 4 to 6% of annual commercial building energy use. The type of fuel conserved would vary widely from region to region, and appreciable negative economic impacts would result from implementing the measure.

Boercker, F.D.; Balasubramaniam, M.; Hull, E.; Savadelis, J.; Valentini, J.J.

1980-01-01

226

How Energy Conservation Limits Our Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations in quantum mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this Letter, we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with a nonconstant energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and, in case the target is a two-level quantum system, we quantify them exactly. Our Letter, thus, identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake.

Navascués, Miguel; Popescu, Sandu

2014-04-01

227

Energy conservation indicators. 1982 annual report  

SciTech Connect

A series of Energy Conservation Indicators were developed for the Department of Energy to assist in the evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. As descriptive statistics that signify current conditions and trends related to efficiency of energy use, indicators provide a way of measuring, monitoring, or inferring actual responses by consumers in markets for energy services. Related sets of indicators are presented in some 40 one-page indicator summaries. Indicators are shown graphically, followed by several paragraphs that explain their derivation and highlight key findings. Indicators are classified according to broad end-use sectors: Aggregate (economy), Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Transportation and Electric Utilities. In most cases annual time series information is presented covering the period 1960 through 1981.

Belzer, D.B.

1982-09-01

228

Protein Sectors: Statistical Coupling Analysis versus Conservation  

PubMed Central

Statistical coupling analysis (SCA) is a method for analyzing multiple sequence alignments that was used to identify groups of coevolving residues termed “sectors”. The method applies spectral analysis to a matrix obtained by combining correlation information with sequence conservation. It has been asserted that the protein sectors identified by SCA are functionally significant, with different sectors controlling different biochemical properties of the protein. Here we reconsider the available experimental data and note that it involves almost exclusively proteins with a single sector. We show that in this case sequence conservation is the dominating factor in SCA, and can alone be used to make statistically equivalent functional predictions. Therefore, we suggest shifting the experimental focus to proteins for which SCA identifies several sectors. Correlations in protein alignments, which have been shown to be informative in a number of independent studies, would then be less dominated by sequence conservation. PMID:25723535

Te?ileanu, Tiberiu; Colwell, Lucy J.; Leibler, Stanislas

2015-01-01

229

Energy conservation in new-plant design  

Microsoft Academic Search

New plant designs will now include new energy-conservation design ; features, more-stringent safety features, and environmental-protection devices. ; U. S. process plants have been designed for low capital cost, but with higher ; operating costs. Nine methods described that engineers are now using to cope ; with the higher energy costs of the 1975-1980 period are furnace efficiency; ; power-recovery

J. B. Fleming; J. R. Lambrix; M. R. Smith

1974-01-01

230

International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015  

E-print Network

International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015 What’s the Difference? ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Energy Codes Specialist Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station shirleyellis...@tamu.edu Shirley Ellis ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Agenda • Overview and Intent of IECC • Scope and Administration, Definitions, Design Conditions, Existing Buildings, Referenced Standards...

Ellis, S.

2014-01-01

231

Energy conservation for pasteurizer apparatus  

SciTech Connect

In the pasteurizing of beverages in closed containers, the containers arrive generally in a chilled state and are progressively raised in temperature approaching the pasteurizing temperature and, after being pasteurized for an appropriate time, are progressively cooled down. Apparatus of this type is provided with a source of chilled water which is available for use when skips occur in the supply of the containers, the chilled water being accumulated from the incoming containers and from common outside sources. The accumulated water in its chilled state saves substantial amounts of energy by eliminating mechanical or other means to produce the chill effect, and such source of water is constantly available under control which senses the presence of a skip in the supply of containers.

Huling, J.K.

1981-07-21

232

Eukaryotic Regulatory Element Conservation Analysis and Identification Using  

E-print Network

Eukaryotic Regulatory Element Conservation Analysis and Identification Using Comparative Genomics regulatory element identification, because functional noncoding sequences may be conserved across species regulatory elements and discovered that human regulatory elements are more conserved between human and mouse

Puglisi, Joseph

233

Analysis of United States' Utility Conservation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the United States' experience with utility sponsored energy conservation programs. Such programs are central to the recent discussions about electric utility regulation in the United States and elsewhere. First it is shown that these programs are exposed to three problems on the consumers' side – rebound, adverse selection and moral hazard – which lower the effectiveness of

Franz Wirl; Wolfgang Orasch

1998-01-01

234

77 FR 16769 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning...January 2012 NOPR to update the current Federal test procedures, or for certain equipment types adopt new test procedures, to incorporate by...

2012-03-22

235

Energy use and conservation in the commercial sector: Volume 1, Conditional demand analysis applied to the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS): Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an investigation into the application of an enhanced conditional demand analysis (CDA) technique to the estimation and forecasting of commercial sector energy demand. The report consists of two volumes. This volume, the first, presents the theoretical background of the procedure and applies it to a national data set. 4 figs., 24 tabs.

Parti, M.; Sebald, A.V.; Farber, M.

1988-02-01

236

75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

2010-05-28

237

Energy-conservation study for the US Air Force Academy  

SciTech Connect

The United States Air Force Academy (AFA) has asked the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist them in conducting detailed energy and solar analyses of selected AFA buildings using the DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program. The results of the energy conservation study conducted by Los Alamos in FY 1981 and 1982 for Building 2360 (Vandenberg Hall), Building 2169 (Field House), and Building 2410 (Aeronautics Laboratory) are presented. Energy Conservation and Solar Opportunities (ECOs) are identified for each building and predicted heating, cooling and electric energy savings are presented for each ECO. Economic results are summarized as annual dollars saved, discounted benefit-to-cost ratio, maximum investment targets, and the life-cycle cost of implementing each ECO.

Peterson, J.L.; Davis, L.B.

1983-01-01

238

78 FR 12969 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Renewable Energy through the...rulemaking process, see section...regulations.gov, including Federal Register...comments, including a discussion...the waiver process that DOE...of the Energy Policy and...proposed waiver process on small...applicable energy conservation...heaters, including any...

2013-02-26

239

Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility: Energy conservation report and mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis study  

SciTech Connect

This report is developed as part of the Fermilab D-0 Experimental Facility Project Title II Design Documentation Update. As such, it concentrates primarily on HVAC mechanical systems design optimization and cost analysis.

Krstulovich, S.F.

1987-10-31

240

Integrated energy and water conservation modeling  

SciTech Connect

Under the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is required to provide federal facility managers with a clear determination of the impact of water conservation practices on energy consumption. This paper introduces the WATERGY model, which is a spreadsheet model to analyze total energy savings associated with water conservation efforts. The contribution of this effort is the development of a synergistic model based on engineering algorithms as opposed to lumped parameter estimates. The model explicitly details the relationships between direct and indirect water and energy savings. Irrigation, plumbing fixture, appliance, and boiler blowdown savings comprise the direct water component of the model. Reduction in leakage and unaccounted-for water in the distribution system are calculated as indirect water savings. Direct energy savings are calculated for hot water production. Indirect energy savings associated with distribution and collection, electric line losses, and unaccounted-for gas are determined by the model. Data sources, algorithms, and engineering assumptions used in the development of the model are detailed. The model capabilities are demonstrated for a hypothetical federal facility.

Monsabert, S. de; Liner, B.L. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States)

1998-04-01

241

Energy-conserving development regulations: current practice  

SciTech Connect

Almost every aspect of land development has an effect on energy use, from minute architectural details to broad considerations of urban density. Energy-efficiency depends in part on how development is planned and carried out. Conventional development regulations, such as zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, can be adapted in many ways to promote energy conservation at the community level. This report is about energy-efficient site and neighborhood design. It examines recent experiences of local governments that have adopted new development regulations or amended existing ones to promote energy conservation, more efficient generation and distribution, or a switch to alternative, renewable sources. Although much has been written in recent years about saving energy through community design, actual experience in applying these new ideas is still limited. To date, most communities have focused their efforts on studying the problem, documenting consumption patterns, and writing reports and plans. Only a handful have amended their land-use controls for the express purpose of saving energy. This study identifies 13 of these pioneering communities, after undertaking a survey of over 1400 local, regional, and state planning agencies. It takes a look at their experiences, to learn what has been done, how well it has worked, and what problems have been encountered.

Not Available

1980-05-01

242

Cooling Towers- Energy Conservation Strategies Understanding Cooling Towers  

E-print Network

COOLING TOWERS - ENERGY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES UNDERSTANDING COOLING TOWERS MATT SMITH L.S. Enterprises Fort Myers, Florida Cooling towers are energy conservation devices that Management, more often than not, historically overlooks...

Smith, M.

243

Overview of energy-conservation research opportunities: executive summary  

SciTech Connect

A study of research opportunities that are important to developing advanced technologies for efficient energy use is presented. The study's purpose is to describe a wide array of attractive technical areas from which specific research and development programs could be implemented. Research areas are presented for potential application in each of the major energy end-use sectors. The analysis employs a systematic process for both identifying and screening candidate energy conservation research areas. The study team was comprehensive in its review of aggregate energy consumption and employed explicit criteria to evaluate the technology research areas.

Hopp, W.J.; Hauser, S.G.; Hane, G.J.; Gurwell, W.E.; Bird, S.P.; Cliff, W.C.; Williford, R.E.; Williams, T.A.; Ashton, W.B.

1981-11-01

244

Texas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan  

E-print Network

, conserving water and recycling since the 1980's, with a renewed emphasis since 2002. TTI's Energy Management and Conservation Plan documents various initiatives implemented which have reduced energy, water and fuelTexas Transportation Institute Energy Management and Conservation Plan Quarterly Report ­ April 14

245

Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Attitudes towards Energy Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine the pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation. In order to reach this main aim following research questions are formulated: (1) What are the attitude levels of pre-service primary teachers in terms of energy conservation? (2) Do pre-service primary teachers' attitudes towards energy conservation

Tekbiyik, Ahmet; Ipek, Cemalettin

2008-01-01

246

Careers in the Renewable Energy and Conservation Professions and Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many kinds of jobs can be found in the renewable energy and energy conservation industries. This pamphlet indicates that a large career potential exists within the solar and conservation professions and trades. These careers consist of individuals who design, build, or install solar heating or hot water systems, who implement energy conservation

Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

247

Snowboarding And The Conservation Of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this lesson, students will design a new snowboarding event through the use of the free physics simulation program “Skateboard Park.” Students will investigate the energy dynamics their course and explore the conservation of energy principle.

2010-01-01

248

Identifying Opportunities for Industrial Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

, and the mix of energy sources (i.e., natural gas, coal, oil, b i om ass, etc.) nee de d tome e tind u s t ria 1 demand; and (5) assessing the potential impacts of various government policies (e.g., those that affect fuel and equipment costs..., including add-on conservation options, along with improved data on technology character istics and costs. Cost estimates for pr imary fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal will be updated, along with cost estimates for processed energy carriers...

Hoffman, A. R.

1981-01-01

249

77 FR 38743 - Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies AGENCY...establish energy conservation standards for battery chargers and external power supplies...Establish Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power...

2012-06-29

250

HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

1980-03-01

251

Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency  

E-print Network

Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency in thein the NorthwestNorthwest Power and ConservationPower and Conservation PlanPlan Tom EckmanTom Eckman Manager, Conservation ResourcesManager, Conservation Resources Northwest Power and Conservation Council

252

Energy Conservation: Guidelines for Action. Suggested Guidelines for Local School District Development of Energy Conservation Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum guidelines for the local development of energy conservation programs in public schools reflect an interdisciplinary educational approach--the result of a coordinated effort by industry, commerce, education, and government agencies concerned with the energy crisis. The scope and nature of the problem, with its implications for education…

Michigan Association of School Administrators, East Lansing.

253

Ames Energy: A Consumer's Guide to Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an annotated bibliography of energy-related materials for the consumer. Materials (which include books, videotape recordings, magazines, pamphlets, and other media) are arranged by subject area. These area include: (1) earth sheltered buildings; (2) fuels; (3) general (including general energy conservation and insulation); (4) heat…

Women's Support Network, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA.

254

Conservation of Energy 4-1 What is energy?  

E-print Network

as we know. The law is called the conservation of energy. It states that there is a certain quantity, which we call energy, that does not change in the manifold changes which nature undergoes a child, perhaps "Dennis the Menace," who has blocks which are absolutely indestructible, and cannot

Glashausser, Charles

255

Conservation Energy Efficiency in theEnergy Efficiency in the  

E-print Network

Northwest Power and Conservation Council Energy Efficiency in theEnergy Efficiency in the Northwest in the PNWPower Planning in the PNW ""New DealNew Deal"" MysticismMysticism (1930(1930--1950)1950) ­­ Politicians plan usingPoliticians plan using ""chicken entrails and crystalchicken entrails and crystal ballsballs

256

Energy Conservation Education. An Action Approach. Grades 4-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen lessons are provided in this curriculum designed to involve students (grades 4-9) in energy conservation. The lessons are presented in four parts. The three lessons in part I are intended to give students a preliminary conceptual framework for energy conservation and to motivate them to participate in the conservation-action projects…

Zamm, Michael; Samuel, Barry C.

257

A Study on Energy Management Contracting Pattern in Existing Building Energy Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chief object of the present study is to demonstrate and the characters and functions of Energy Management Contracting (EMC) in existing building energy conservation. According to the top topics of energy conservation and sustainable development, the patterns of EMC in building energy conservation were analyzed. The main technical measures for building facilities energy conservation were introduced, and a case

Wei Cai; Xiaodong Wen; Wei Gu

2010-01-01

258

Skating on Thin Ice: Evolution of Conservation in Energy Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why are we physicists so often drawn into the nexus of energy policy and governance? There are several explanations. First, we are quite accustomed to this phenomenon of ``cause and effect,'' so we instinctively examine those two ends as well as the connections between them (i.e., what happens between a lump of coal and a light bulb). That way of thinking makes energy production and consumption intiminately connected and ``conservation'' naturally becomes a technological strategy rather than an appendage. Strangely, however, ``conservation'' in our society (called ``The Cowboy Economy'' by economist Kenneth Boulding) has been widely interpreted as competitive with supply and ridiculed as only a minor option, entailing denial of an amenity. After nearly a half-century of dialogue, innovation, and frustration, the rationality of what I call the ``physics'' perspective seems to have come of age. The evolution of relevant science and technology and public policy has advanced markedly, reflected and sustained at the national level by a succession of organizations. The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the Federal Office of Energy Conservation, the Federal Energy Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Not surprisingly, physicists continue to play key roles in the inculcation of science and analysis into the policy and governance. This requires, as implied by C.P. Snow, a bridging and strengthening of the thin ice between science and society. We still have a long road to travel.

Gibbons, Jack

2009-05-01

259

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy...

2012-01-01

260

10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation Standards § 431.266 Energy...

2010-01-01

261

10 CFR 431.326 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Lamp Ballasts and Fixtures Energy Conservation Standards § 431.326 Energy...

2010-01-01

262

10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Canned Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy...

2014-01-01

263

10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Canned Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy...

2010-01-01

264

10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.136 Energy...

2013-01-01

265

10 CFR 431.77 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Energy Conservation Standards § 431.77 Energy...

2012-01-01

266

10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.136 Energy...

2010-01-01

267

10 CFR 431.77 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Energy Conservation Standards § 431.77 Energy...

2013-01-01

268

10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation Standards § 431.266 Energy...

2011-01-01

269

10 CFR 431.77 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Energy Conservation Standards § 431.77 Energy...

2014-01-01

270

10 CFR 431.326 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Lamp Ballasts and Fixtures Energy Conservation Standards § 431.326 Energy...

2013-01-01

271

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.25 Energy...

2012-01-01

272

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.25 Energy...

2011-01-01

273

10 CFR 431.77 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Energy Conservation Standards § 431.77 Energy...

2010-01-01

274

10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation Standards § 431.266 Energy...

2012-01-01

275

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy...

2011-01-01

276

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy...

2013-01-01

277

10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.136 Energy...

2012-01-01

278

10 CFR 431.326 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Lamp Ballasts and Fixtures Energy Conservation Standards § 431.326 Energy...

2014-01-01

279

10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Canned Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy...

2013-01-01

280

10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.136 Energy...

2014-01-01

281

10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation Standards § 431.266 Energy...

2013-01-01

282

10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.136 Energy...

2011-01-01

283

10 CFR 431.266 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Prerinse Spray Valves Energy Conservation Standards § 431.266 Energy...

2014-01-01

284

10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Canned Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy...

2011-01-01

285

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy...

2010-01-01

286

10 CFR 431.296 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Canned Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards § 431.296 Energy...

2012-01-01

287

10 CFR 431.326 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Lamp Ballasts and Fixtures Energy Conservation Standards § 431.326 Energy...

2012-01-01

288

10 CFR 431.77 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Energy Conservation Standards § 431.77 Energy...

2011-01-01

289

10 CFR 431.226 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Modules and Pedestrian Modules Energy Conservation Standards § 431.226 Energy...

2014-01-01

290

10 CFR 431.326 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Lamp Ballasts and Fixtures Energy Conservation Standards § 431.326 Energy...

2011-01-01

291

Programs in energy conservation: Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program was established as an interdisciplinary applied research and exploratory development program as a result of a 1979 Department of Energy (DOE) Technology Base Assessment. The assessment identified a deficiency in the level of federal support for technology base research needed to sustain long-term efficiency improvements in the conversion and use of energy. The ECUT Program is administered by the Office of Energy Utilization Research, which is in DOE's Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conservation. ECUT focuses on five interdisciplinary research areas that are generic to energy conservation: combustion, materials, thermal sciences, biocatalysis, and tribology. By challenging conventional wisdom in combination with careful planning, sound decisions, and well-spent dollars, ECUT researchers are pioneering exciting new technologies. In this brochure, we highlight the program's unique approach and some of its major accomplishments.

Not Available

1988-12-01

292

Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

1992-01-01

293

Energy Conservation in Small Schools. Small Schools Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information concerning methods and available materials for conserving energy is needed by small, rural schools to offset continued increasing energy costs and lack of financial support and technical assistance. The first step in developing an energy conservation policy is to obtain school board commitment and to establish an energy saving policy.…

Gardener, Clark

294

Conservation of Mechanical Energy Using Dry Ice Slider-Projectiles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy concepts are fundamentally important for describing and analyzing systems ranging from subatomic particles to spiral galaxies. In general, students first encounter such concepts in introductory courses that typically focus on forms of energy, energy transfer, and conservation laws. Within these courses, conservation of mechanical energy is…

Gales, Jenna; Baker, Blane

2008-01-01

295

Energy Conservation, Understanding and Activities for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication on energy conservation is designed as a resource material for the classroom. It is divided into three chapters concerning a definition of energy, the conservation of energy, and the uses of energy. For each subtopic within the chapters, there is background information and suggested project topics designed for secondary school…

Federal Energy Administration, Washington, DC.

296

Opportunities for energy conservation through biotechnology  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to identify and quantify potential energy savings available through the development and application of biotechnologies. This information is required in support of ECUT research planning efforts as an aid in identifying promising areas needing further consideration and development. It is also intended as background information for a companion ECUT study being conducted by the National Academy of Science to evaluate the use of bioprocessing methods to conserve energy. Several studies have been conducted recently to assess the status and implications of the development of biotechnology. The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) considered institutional, economic, and scientific problems and barriers. The National Science Foundation sponsored a study to examine regulatory needs for this new and expanding technology. Somewhat in contrast to these studies, this report covers principally the technical issues. It should be emphasized that the practicality of many developments in biotechnology is not evaluated solely on the basis of energy considerations. Bioprocesses must often compete with well-established coal, petroleum, and natural gas technologies. A complete evaluation of the technical, economical, and ecological impacts of the large-scale applications discussed in this report is not possible within the scope of this study. Instead, this report assesses the potential of biotechnology to save energy so that research into all aspects of implementation will be stimulated for those industries with significant energy savings potential. 92 references, 6 figures, 24 tables.

Young, J.K.; Griffin, E.A.; Russell, J.A.

1984-11-01

297

Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency  

E-print Network

Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency the 5Insights from the 5thth NorthwestNorthwest PowerPower and Conservation Planand Conservation Plan Tom EckmanTom Eckman Manager, Conservation ResourcesManager, Conservation Resources Northwest Power

298

Conservation The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency  

E-print Network

Northwest Power and Conservation Council The Role of Energy EfficiencyThe Role of Energy Efficiency in the Northwestin the Northwest Tom EckmanTom Eckman Manager, Conservation ResourcesManager, Conservation Resources Northwest Power and Conservation CouncilNorthwest Power and Conservation Council Presented October 20, 2005

299

Electrorheology for energy production and conservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, based on the physics of viscosity, we developed a new technology, which utilizes electric or magnetic fields to change the rheology of complex fluids to reduce the viscosity, while keeping the temperature unchanged. The method is universal and applicable to all complex fluids with suspended particles of nano-meter, submicrometer, or micrometer size. Completely different from the traditional viscosity reduction method, raising the temperature, this technology is energy-efficient, as it only requires small amount of energy to aggregate the suspended particles. In this thesis, we will first discuss this new technology in detail, both in theory and practice. Then, we will report applications of our technology to energy science research. Presently, 80% of all energy sources are liquid fuels. The viscosity of liquid fuels plays an important role in energy production and energy conservation. With an electric field, we can reduce the viscosity of asphalt-based crude oil. This is important and useful for heavy crude oil and off-shore crude oil production and transportation. Especially, since there is no practical way to raise the temperature of crude oil inside the deepwater pipelines, our technology may play a key role in future off-shore crude oil production. Electrorehology can also be used to reduce the viscosity of refinery fuels, such as diesel fuel and gasoline. When we apply this technology to fuel injection, the fuel droplets in the fuel atomization become smaller, leading to faster combustion in the engine chambers. As the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines depends on the combustion speed and timing, the fast combustion produces much higher fuel efficiency. Therefore, adding our technology on existing engines improves the engine efficiency significantly. A theoretical model for the engine combustion, which explains how fast combustion improves the engine efficiency, is also presented in the thesis. As energy is the key to our national security, we believe that our technology is important and will have a strong impact on energy production and conversation in the future.

Huang, Ke

300

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENERGY DECENTRALIZATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS  

SciTech Connect

We have presented views of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system. appears not to be functioning in very important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in the economic system is, in our judgment. far greater than is recognized either by the public or by 'experts.' It has led to an over-investment in centralized energy systems and has discouraged the use of decentralized systems that could contribute significantly in the near term to a lessening of our energy problems. There are some signs that the situation is changing. albeit rather slowly. High prices and the widespread recognition of the seriousness of our energy problems have contributed to an increasing involvement of individuals in energy decisions profoundly affecting their future. To achieve an evolution of the energy system in which decentralized technologies (and, in the near term, particularly technologies that improve the efficiency of energy use) play an important role, the government must act forcefully. This action needs to recognize and be responsive to the powerful discriminatory effect of the economic system, as it is presently constituted, against investments in energy conservation.

Levine, Mark D.; Craig, Paul P.

1980-01-01

301

Energy conservation and energy decentralization: issues and prospects  

SciTech Connect

Views are presented of the seemingly paradoxical nature and irrationality of the energy system and the decisions that determine its evolution. An economic approach to energy decisions, while widely espoused and generally believed to be the underpinning of our system, appears not to be functioning in very-important areas. The result is enormous waste of economic and intangible resources to produce energy that could be effectively replaced by energy conservation at low costs. This inefficiency in the economic system is, in the author's judgment, far greater than is recognized either by the public or by experts. They feel it has led to an over-investment in centralized energy systems and has discouraged the use of decentralized systems that could contribute significantly in the near term to a lessening of our energy problems. There are some signs that the situation is changing, albeit rather slowly. High prices and the widespread recognition of the seriousness of our energy problems have contributed to an increasing involvement of individuals in energy decisions profoundly affecting their future. To achieve an evolution of the energy system in which decentralized technologies (and, in the near term, particularly technologies that improve the efficiency of energy use) play an important role, the government must act forcefully. This action needs to recognize and be responsive to the powerful discriminatory effect of the economic system, as it is presently constituted, against investments in energy conservation.

Levine, M.D.; Craig, P.P.

1980-01-01

302

BPA's Eighth Annual Energy Conservation Management Conference : Proceedings.  

SciTech Connect

The five-year energy conservation program at Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is described at the conference. An overview of the program is presented. Topics covered in panel discussions include: how utilities can work effectively with weatherization contractors, homebuilders, energy auditors, and weatherization material suppliers; mechanisms for implementing conservation programs in the commercial sector; experiences gained in existing residential weatherization programs; and streamlining relationships between consumers, utilities, and BPA in providing services and getting feedback. The planning, programming, technical assistance, and engineering thrusts of BPA's conservation programs are discussed. Indoor air quality, renewable energy, and the regulator's role in relationships to energy conservation are discussed. Passive solar programs, DOE initiatives in solar and conservation for buildings, conservation potential in the commercial and industrial sectors, and current conservation research and development are also discussed. (MCW)

Energy Conservation Management Conference (8th : 1981); United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1981-01-01

303

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2011-01-01

304

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2012-01-01

305

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2013-01-01

306

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2014-01-01

307

10 CFR 430.34 - Energy and water conservation standards amendments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards amendments 430.34 Section 430.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER...

2010-01-01

308

10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards § 431.206...

2010-01-01

309

10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards § 431.206...

2013-01-01

310

10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation Standards § 431.246...

2010-01-01

311

10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation Standards § 431.246...

2014-01-01

312

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small...

2011-01-01

313

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small...

2012-01-01

314

10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation Standards § 431.246...

2011-01-01

315

10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards § 431.206...

2011-01-01

316

10 CFR 431.87 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Efficiency Standards § 431.87 Energy conservation standards and their effective...

2010-01-01

317

10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation Standards § 431.246...

2012-01-01

318

10 CFR 431.87 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Efficiency Standards § 431.87 Energy conservation standards and their effective...

2014-01-01

319

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small...

2014-01-01

320

10 CFR 431.87 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Efficiency Standards § 431.87 Energy conservation standards and their effective...

2011-01-01

321

10 CFR 431.87 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Efficiency Standards § 431.87 Energy conservation standards and their effective...

2012-01-01

322

10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards § 431.206...

2014-01-01

323

10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards § 431.206...

2012-01-01

324

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...EQUIPMENT Small Electric Motors Energy Conservation Standards § 431.446 Small...

2013-01-01

325

10 CFR 431.87 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Efficiency Standards § 431.87 Energy conservation standards and their effective...

2013-01-01

326

10 CFR 431.246 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Unit Heaters Energy Conservation Standards § 431.246...

2013-01-01

327

Metering and Monitoring Approaches for Verifying Energy Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits: Experiences from the Field  

E-print Network

METERING AND MONITORING APPROACHES FOR VERIFYING ENERGY SAVINGS FROM ENERGY CONSERVATION RETROFITS: EXPERIENCES FROM THE FIELD John R. McBride Charles J. Bohmer Roger H. Lippman Senior Scientist Senior Instrumentation Senior Instrumentation..., 18:57-88. 5. Bohmer, c., Lippman, R., and McBride, J., Monitoring Equipment Installation Manual, LoanStar Monitoring and Analysis Program, Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1994. 6. Misuriello, H. "Field...

McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.

328

The conservation nexus: valuing interdependent water and energy savings in Arizona.  

PubMed

Water and energy resources are intrinsically linked, yet they are managed separately--even in the water-scarce American southwest. This study develops a spatially explicit model of water-energy interdependencies in Arizona and assesses the potential for cobeneficial conservation programs. The interdependent benefits of investments in eight conservation strategies are assessed within the context of legislated renewable energy portfolio and energy efficiency standards. The cobenefits of conservation are found to be significant. Water conservation policies have the potential to reduce statewide electricity demand by 0.82-3.1%, satisfying 4.1-16% of the state's mandated energy-efficiency standard. Adoption of energy-efficiency measures and renewable generation portfolios can reduce nonagricultural water demand by 1.9-15%. These conservation cobenefits are typically not included in conservation plans or benefit-cost analyses. Many cobenefits offer negative costs of saved water and energy, indicating that these measures provide water and energy savings at no net cost. Because ranges of costs and savings for water-energy conservation measures are somewhat uncertain, future studies should investigate the cobenefits of individual conservation strategies in detail. Although this study focuses on Arizona, the analysis can be extended elsewhere as renewable portfolio and energy efficiency standards become more common nationally and internationally. PMID:24460528

Bartos, Matthew D; Chester, Mikhail V

2014-02-18

329

Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama  

E-print Network

The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

330

Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Petroleum Refining.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of the analysis presented here is improved recovery (and use) of waste heat at existing petroleum refineries. The major energy-conservation opportunities associated with waste heat are systematically examined both physically and in terms of cost. The opportunities at the Study Refinery are systematically examined in detail. The presentation begins with an overview of the processes carried out in contemporary petroleum refineries including discussion of typical energy use. There follows a brief thermodynamic description of refinery energy flows with an emphasis on heat and on energy-efficiency analysis. The heart of the thesis is Chapters 3-5 describing heat recovery opportunities involving, respectively: extraction and use of heat from combustion gases being discharged through stacks, the exchange of heat between product streams, and uses for low-temperature waste heat. In Chapter 6, a unifying economic concept is introduced (with details in the Appendix): a "supply curve" for saved energy. This describes the potential rate of energy savings in barrels of oil-equivalent per year (in analogy with production capacity of oil or gas fields), as a function of the cost of saved energy in dollars per barrel (in analogy with the production cost of energy). The nature of the distribution is, of course, for the cost of saved energy to increase with increasing energy savings. In this chapter, estimates are presented for the energy conservation opportunities other than waste heat at the Study Refinery. All the opportunities are then summarized in a single supply curve. The extraordinary result in a cost-effective opportunity to reduce refinery energy use by some 26% at 1984 prices. This translates into roughly a 1 energy-cost reduction per 42-gallon barrel of petroleum input. Of course, investments are required; the net benefit would be about 1.5 cents per gallon of product. This would be a major benefit in relation to typical refinery earnings. The concluding chapter includes a discussion of which projects are likely to be carried out at the Study Refinery, and why many, perhaps most, will not. (Unfortunately the author--WGL--did not prepare more than a rough draft of the concluding chapter.). The importance of this dissertation is two-fold: First, it provides a systematic overview of the opportunity to save energy and reduce energy costs in petroleum refining, combined with an analysis of the specific opportunities at a major refinery. Such an analysis has not been presented in the public literature for any major industrial facility in the U.S. Second, it provides clear physical explanations of the heat recovery options and of the reasons why some options are more advantageous than others.

Larsen, William Gale

1990-01-01

331

Project Energize: Outcomes of a Community Confernece on Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help program planners and evaluators in providing insight as to what can be accomplished in an educational program dealing with energy conservation, this report is an evaluation of the outcomes of a community conference on energy conservation. There is a brief description of the day-long energy conference attended by 178 people (38 of…

Driscoll, Patricia; Deshler, David

332

Basic Energy Conservation and Management Part 1: Looking at Lighting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reducing school district energy expenditures has become a universal goal. However, school board members, superintendents, and directors of buildings and grounds are often unaware of the many options available to conserve energy. School energy conservation used to be relatively simple: turn off the lights and turn down the heat in the winter and…

Krueger, Glenn

2012-01-01

333

Transportation Energy Conservation Policy: Implications for Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role social science plays in federal transportation energy conservation policy; assesses the current forms and degree of consideration of social issues in transportation energy policy; and identifies contributions that the social sciences could make in achieving energy conservation goals. (Author/MK)

Zerega, Anne Marie

1981-01-01

334

Energy consumption, cost and conservation in the steel industry  

SciTech Connect

Integrated steel plant energy costs are 20 to 25% of operating costs. International and domestic steel production capability, energy consumption and cost trends will be noted along with general procurement activities. Legislative/regulatory constraints, past energy conservation practices and future conservation/efficiency challenges.

Martocci, A.P. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States). Corporate Energy Affairs

1995-07-01

335

July 18, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New  

E-print Network

July 18, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U, and local governments be given wide discretion in methods to conserve energy that may be financed with QECBs governments by providing them with access to subsidized financing to help promote energy-efficient policies

336

Energy consumption, cost and conservation in the steel industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated steel plant energy costs are 20 to 25% of operating costs. International and domestic steel production capability, energy consumption and cost trends will be noted along with general procurement activities. Legislative\\/regulatory constraints, past energy conservation practices and future conservation\\/efficiency challenges.

Martocci

1995-01-01

337

Energy Stable Flux Formulas For The Discontinuous Galerkin Discretization Of First Order Nonlinear Conservation Laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We consider the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) finite element discretization of first order systems of conservation laws derivable as moments of the kinetic Boltzmann equation. This includes well known conservation law systems such as the Euler For the class of first order nonlinear conservation laws equipped with an entropy extension, an energy analysis of the DG method for the Cauchy initial value problem is developed. Using this DG energy analysis, several new variants of existing numerical flux functions are derived and shown to be energy stable.

Barth, Timothy; Charrier, Pierre; Mansour, Nagi N. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

338

Key role for nuclear energy in global biodiversity conservation.  

PubMed

Modern society uses massive amounts of energy. Usage rises as population and affluence increase, and energy production and use often have an impact on biodiversity or natural areas. To avoid a business-as-usual dependence on coal, oil, and gas over the coming decades, society must map out a future energy mix that incorporates alternative sources. This exercise can lead to radically different opinions on what a sustainable energy portfolio might entail, so an objective assessment of the relative costs and benefits of different energy sources is required. We evaluated the land use, emissions, climate, and cost implications of 3 published but divergent storylines for future energy production, none of which was optimal for all environmental and economic indicators. Using multicriteria decision-making analysis, we ranked 7 major electricity-generation sources (coal, gas, nuclear, biomass, hydro, wind, and solar) based on costs and benefits and tested the sensitivity of the rankings to biases stemming from contrasting philosophical ideals. Irrespective of weightings, nuclear and wind energy had the highest benefit-to-cost ratio. Although the environmental movement has historically rejected the nuclear energy option, new-generation reactor technologies that fully recycle waste and incorporate passive safety systems might resolve their concerns and ought to be more widely understood. Because there is no perfect energy source however, conservation professionals ultimately need to take an evidence-based approach to consider carefully the integrated effects of energy mixes on biodiversity conservation. Trade-offs and compromises are inevitable and require advocating energy mixes that minimize net environmental damage. Society cannot afford to risk wholesale failure to address energy-related biodiversity impacts because of preconceived notions and ideals. PMID:25490854

Brook, Barry W; Bradshaw, Corey J A

2014-12-01

339

Conserved energy without work or heat.  

PubMed Central

By merely observing the common empirical temperature that two like subsystems in contact reach, as a recordable function of their initial empirical temperatures and specific volumes, we can deduce logically a conserved energy function that depends only on empirical temperature and specific volume. What makes possible this offbeat 18th-century inference, quite free of any 19th-century concepts of "heat" or measurable mechanical work, is the Invariance Law of nature, whereby any four like subsystems must settle down to the same common temperatures regardless of which two-by-two pairings are made-so to speak, an "independence of path" property. Mathematically, the Invariance Law imposes Abel-like functional equations on the admissible functions. Remarkably, recourse to such temperature-equalization data renders it impossible to identify one constant in the energy function. By observing how two quite different substances come into equilibrium, or by utilizing "adiabatic slopes" at two points for one substance, or by observing its expansion into a vacuum, we can determine all its unknowns. Much of conventional expositions of the First and Second Laws seems derivable from the equation of state and the First Law's energy function. PMID:11607277

Samuelson, P A

1992-01-01

340

Emmy Noether on Conservation of Energy in the General Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Emmy Noether proved two deep theorems, and their converses, on the connection between symmetries and conservation laws. The work was done following Hilbert's discovery of the Hilbert-Einstein lagrangian and his derivation of the general theory from Hamilton's principle .The failure of local energy conservation in the general theory was a problem that concerned many at that time. Noether proved theorems which solved the problem. With her characteristically deep insight and thorough analysis, she proved very general theorems that have profoundly influenced modern physics. Einstein wrote to Hilbert ``Yesterday I received from Miss Noether a very interesting paper on invariant forms. I am impressed that one can comprehend these matters from so general a viewpoint. It would not have done the old guard at Göttingen any harm had they picked up a thing or two from her..."

Byers, Nina

2005-03-01

341

Residential site design and energy conservation. Part 1: General report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy costs that can be saved by a subdivision design format related to energy conservation that is reasonably acceptable in marketing and aesthetic terms were determined. Six subdivision layouts were designed to densities ranging from 6.5 to 13.6 units per gross acre (1058 to 2232 units) or 16.25 to 34 units per gross hectare. Hourly radiation temperature, and wind characteristics for a year constitute the local climate data base. Six house types (from detached to apartment units) and seventeen basic house designs (mostly picked at random) were used. The method for calculating the set heat load and an analysis of the results are presented. The study shows that by way of the selection of the more energy efficient traditional house designs, orientation of buildings to maximize solar transmission, and landscaping to reduce the effect of wind, there is a possible residential space heating energy saving of up to 20% for a low density housing development.

1981-01-01

342

Energy Conservation: An Examination of Energy Conservation Mechanisms As They Relate to School Districts in Region XI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to supply information on energy conservation mechanisms that can be employed in schools to the public schools of Minnesota. The report begins by presenting guidelines for developing an energy conservation plan. The two models include the concept of Total Educational Energy Management as developed by the Colorado Department of…

Kerns, Marilyn

343

10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

2013-01-01

344

10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

2014-01-01

345

10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

2012-01-01

346

10 CFR 455.102 - Energy conservation measure cost-share credit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation measure cost-share credit. 455...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND...Cost Sharing § 455.102 Energy conservation measure cost-share...

2011-01-01

347

78 FR 73737 - Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...establishing energy conservation...rulemaking including new proposed energy conservation...analyses, and processes it anticipates...rulemaking process as it applies...Engineering; (2) energy use; (3...previously listed, including the...

2013-12-09

348

78 FR 54197 - Energy Efficiency Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Department of Energy (DOE) is initiating...data collection process to consider amending the energy conservation...DOE to review energy conservation...proposed rulemaking including new proposed...facilitate this process, DOE has...

2013-09-03

349

Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing  

E-print Network

from waste heat streams for reuse in the processing operations. This paper addresses the recovery of waste heat and the storage of thermal energy as a means of energy conservation in food processing. An energy conservation project in a poultry...

Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

1980-01-01

350

Energy: Consumption, cost and conservation in the steel industry  

SciTech Connect

As part of the US steel industry`s effort to be competitive worldwide, energy consumption and costs/ton of steel need to be equal to or below major foreign competitors. The US steel industry has made significant improvements in reducing energy consumption/ton of steel by more than 40% between 1975 and 1994. Historically, energy conservation was driven by cost reduction. Energy cost reduction has two aspects, which need to remain separate: reduction of energy unit cost; and reduction of energy consumption per ton of steel product. Current and future energy conservation efforts and targets are interwoven with environmental concerns. Costs remain an important factor. Effective energy conservation requires a high-priority action plan. This plan should include both specific goals with existing equipment and processes, and strategic planning for new equipment and processes that includes energy conservation as one of the priorities. Periodic audits should also be a key part of the plan.

Martocci, A.P. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States). Corporate Energy Affairs

1996-12-01

351

Energy Conservation Projects to Benefit the Railroad Industry  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Conservation Projects to benefit the railroad industry using the Norfolk Southern Company as a model for the railroad industry has five unique tasks which are in areas of importance within the rail industry, and specifically in the area of energy conservation. The NIU Engineering and Technology research team looked at five significant areas in which research and development work can provide unique solutions to the railroad industry in energy the conservation. (1) Alternate Fuels - An examination of various blends of bio-based diesel fuels for the railroad industry, using Norfolk Southern as a model for the industry. The team determined that bio-diesel fuel is a suitable alternative to using straight diesel fuel, however, the cost and availability across the country varies to a great extent. (2) Utilization of fuel cells for locomotive power systems - While the application of the fuel cell has been successfully demonstrated in the passenger car, this is a very advanced topic for the railroad industry. There are many safety and power issues that the research team examined. (3) Thermal and emission reduction for current large scale diesel engines - The current locomotive system generates large amount of heat through engine cooling and heat dissipation when the traction motors are used to decelerate the train. The research team evaluated thermal management systems to efficiently deal with large thermal loads developed by the operating engines. (4) Use of Composite and Exotic Replacement Materials - Research team redesigned various components using new materials, coatings, and processes to provide the needed protection. Through design, analysis, and testing, new parts that can withstand the hostile environments were developed. (5) Tribology Applications - Identification of tribology issues in the Railroad industry which play a significant role in the improvement of energy usage. Research team analyzed and developed solutions which resulted in friction modification to improve energy efficiency.

Clifford Mirman; Promod Vohra

2009-12-31

352

Semiconductor alternating-current motor drives and energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation by means of semiconductor alternating-current control of electric motor drives used in variable-rate industrial processes is presented and applications of the concept are discussed. The need for electrical energy conservation in the process industrial sector is pointed out for the case of drives used to operate industrial pumps, compressors, fans and blowers which typically involve ac electric motors

D. J. Bendaniel; E. E. David Jr.

1979-01-01

353

A Better 2-D Mechanical Energy Conservation Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of simple classical mechanics energy conservation experiments are used in teaching laboratories. Typical one-dimensional (1-D) setups may involve falling balls or oscillating springs. Many of these can be quite satisfying in that students can confirm--within a few percent--that mechanical energy is conserved. Students generally have…

Paesler, Michael

2012-01-01

354

Financial Energy Conservation Projects at Independent Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors affecting financial decisions for energy conservation projects at independent colleges and universities and methods that may be used when making a financial investment decision are examined, along with sources of funding for the projects. Projects that result in the conservation of energy resources might, in a time of extreme shortages,…

Morrell, L. R.

1981-01-01

355

Conflict between energy conservation and water pollution control standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential conflict in national needs for both energy conservation and water pollution control is indicated. Meeting broader obligations in reconciling these apparent differences has failed. Major contributions to energy conservation efforts needed today could be made without giving up any important pollution control goals. Hopefully, state and Federal regulatory agencies soon will recognize their obligations in this respect and

Lamb

1980-01-01

356

Conservation of energy of a rollercoaster using high speed video  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A high speed video clip of a roller coaster is used as an example of conservation of mechanical energy. Student use the video to determine whether mechanical energy is conserved while the roller coaster rolls up, and then back down a hil.

Peter Bohacek

357

Financing conservation and renewable energy in the eighties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the reported research was to determine if any financial barriers are likely to inhibit economically sound conservation and renewable energy development, and, if so, what measures can be taken to eliminate them. The major focus is on the inefficiencies in the financial marketplace affecting energy conservation and development. Basic financing issues are outlined that will affect policy

D. Hansen; T. Bolle

1982-01-01

358

Development of the Concepts of Energy Conservation and Entropy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the development of the concepts of energy conservation and entropy in 5- to 15-year-old children. Energy conservation was not well understood until about age 15. Entropy was understood by 9- to 15-year-olds when the concept was illustrated by the gradual mixing of differently colored, rolling marbles. (Author/DB)

Shultz, Thomas R.; Coddington, Marilyn

1981-01-01

359

Finding of no significant impact for the State Energy Conservation Program  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA), DOE/EA 1068, to assess the environmental impacts associated with the State Energy Conservation Program (SECP). DOE previously funded SECP projects under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA). The State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvements Act of 1990 (SEEPIA) and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) amended EPCA to broaden the range of state initiatives qualifying for Federal assistance under the SECP. The PEA presents a general analysis of the potential environmental effects associated with broad types of projects that can be funded under the SECP. It does not analyze specific environmental effects or alternatives associated with individual energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy projects. Individual actions are to be evaluated in detail on a project-by-project basis to determine whether their impacts fall within the bounding analysis of the impacts analyzed in the SECP PEA.

NONE

1996-10-01

360

The effectiveness of government initiatives in energy conservation  

E-print Network

Energy policy in the US is characterized by two motivations: to stem the flow of currency to the oil producing nations, and to prevent energy prices rising as much as it is now being feared they will. Conservation has been ...

Boshier, John F.

1978-01-01

361

The Gas Utility View of Industrial Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

The gas industry fostered more efficient energy utilization long before the idea of energy conservation became fashionable. It became apparent in the late '60's that misguided Federal Legislation was discouraging necessary search for new gas...

Loberg, T. J.

1980-01-01

362

Energy conservation in buildings: cogeneration and cogeneration coupled with thermal energy storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy-conservation opportunity in an institutional building is studied through cogeneration with double-effect absorption chiller. Both, technical and economical feasibility is evaluated and presented. The typical electrical energy and cooling-load demand profiles of the buildings concerned are determined. Payback period, internal rate-of-return (IRR), net present value (NPV) and net profit of the Institute is determined through cash-flow analysis. Then, cogeneration coupling

K. H. Khan; M. G. Rasul; M. M. K. Khan

2004-01-01

363

Energy conservation at The University of Miami  

SciTech Connect

The University of Miami (UM) has embarked on a very important and worthwhile mission: {open_quotes}To make UM one of the most energy efficient Universities in the Nation by the year 2000.{close_quotes} In order for the University to meet this goal we knew we would need to take advantage of all the available technologies and address the freon issues. In June 1990 the Coral Gables Campus had five chilled Water Production Plants, each representing small independent systems serving from four to ten buildings. Because of energy conservation measures of the past (i.e. elimination, reheat, first generation lighting retrofits, and some diversity), each plant had excess capacity. At that time we also had identified about 600 tons of old falling apart air conditioning equipment. Our Capital Construction Program was beginning design efforts for a new Music Recital Hall and an addition to the Law Library. With all this considered it made sense to develop a common chilled water loop to connect these plants and provide a vehicle to capitalize on available capacity. As this concept took shape it became evident that a master chilled water loop encircling the entire campus would address the next 20 years of campus development. This 20 year plan would require various phases of development. Phase I would connect three chilled water production plants and enable us to supply chilled water to seven existing facilities with approximately 600 tons of old inefficient air conditioning equipment and supply chilled water to the new Law and Music facilities, (approximately 400 tons) without buying any additional chillers.

Atherton, V.; Anzoategui, F.

1995-06-01

364

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2011-07-01

365

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2012-07-01

366

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2013-07-01

367

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2014-07-01

368

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2010-07-01

369

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

370

76 FR 25622 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...III.D. A. Annual Energy Use DOE's analysis of the annual unit energy consumption (UEC) for...DOE then used a scaling process to assess the UEC corresponding...higher efficiency levels, including the efficiency levels...basis of the national energy savings estimates...

2011-05-05

371

Molecular dynamics algorithm enforcing energy conservation for microcanonical simulations.  

PubMed

A reversible algorithm [enforced energy conservation (EEC)] that enforces total energy conservation for microcanonical simulations is presented. The key point is the introduction of the discrete-gradient method to define the forces from the conservative potentials, instead of the direct use of the force field at the actual position of the particle. We have studied the performance and accuracy of the EEC in two cases, namely Lennard-Jones fluid and a simple electrolyte model. Truncated potentials that usually induce inaccuracies in energy conservation are used. In particular, the reaction field approach is used in the latter. The EEC is able to preserve energy conservation for a long time, and, in addition, it performs better than the Verlet algorithm for these kinds of simulations. PMID:25353921

Salueña, Clara; Avalos, Josep Bonet

2014-05-01

372

Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

Grossman, Andrew James

373

A preliminary analysis of US CO/sub 2/ emissions reduction potential from energy conservation and the substitution of natural gas for coal in the period to 2010  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/) is a product of burning fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) and fossil fuel burning is the dominant source of global CO/sub 2/ emissions amounting to 5.2 petagrams of carbon per year (PgC) in 1985. The control of CO/sub 2/ emissions would require control of energy production and use. US emissions were 1.25 PgC in 1985. National Energy Policy Plan (NEPP) projections show total US emissions rising 38% by 2010 to 1.7 PgC. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Carbon Dioxide Research Division (CDRD) has sponsored research at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to do a preliminary assessment of the technical feasibility and consequences of reducing US CO/sub 2/ emissions from 1985 levels by 10, 25 or 50 percent by either the year 1995 and 2010. In addition, DOE/CDRD sponsored a day-long roundtable attended by nine experts in the field to discuss this issue. Two methods of CO/sub 2/ emissions reduction were considered: energy intensity reductions (conservation), and substitution of natural gas for coal. The study did not address the contribution of other energy supply options or the feasibility of pre- or post-combustion CO/sub 2/ removal. Furthermore, the study made no attempt to explore specific policies that might be employed to achieve technically feasible CO/sub 2/ emissions reductions. This is not a policy document.

Edmonds, J.A.; Ashton, W.B.; Cheng, H.C.; Steinberg, M.

1989-02-01

374

Energy conservation in the textile industry: 10 case histories  

SciTech Connect

Presented are ten case studies of energy conserving technologies that have been implemented by the textile industry. For each case is given: the name and location of the plant and an employee contact, description of products, energy consumption and costs in years before and after the energy conserving technology was implemented, energy savings since the energy conserving technology was implemented, description of investment decision-making process, and description of any institutional and environmental considerations. Measures included are: tandem preparation line, dyebath reuse, bump-and-run (dyebath temperature drifts for the last 85% of the hold time), foam finishing, wastewater heat recovery, wastewater chlorination and reuse, oven exhaust air counterflow, boiler economizer, wood-fired boiler, and solar industrial process heat. Several other energy conserving technologies that were not studied are briefly summarized. (LEW)

none,

1982-01-01

375

Energy conservation and cost benefits in the dairy processing industry  

SciTech Connect

Guidance is given on measuring energy consumption in the plant and pinpointing areas where energy-conservation activities can return the most favorable economics. General energy-conservation techniques applicable to most or all segments of the dairy processing industry, including the fluid milk segment, are emphasized. These general techniques include waste heat recovery, improvements in electric motor efficiency, added insulation, refrigeration improvements, upgrading of evaporators, and increases in boiler efficiency. Specific examples are given in which these techniques are applied to dairy processing plants. The potential for energy savings by cogeneration of process steam and electricity in the dairy industry is also discussed. Process changes primarily applicable to specific milk products which have resulted in significant energy cost savings at some facilities or which promise significant contributions in the future are examined. A summary checklist of plant housekeeping measures for energy conservation and guidelines for economic evaluation of conservation alternatives are provided. (MHR)

none,

1982-01-01

376

Marketing: an approach to successful energy-conservation information programs  

SciTech Connect

This monograph shows how the adoption of a marketing approach can improve the quality of the development and delivery of energy-conservation programs. Several factors make the use of such a marketing approach to conservation particularly beneficial, namely: (1) goals of conservation programs can be quantified (e.g., specified amount of energy to be saved); in addition, intermediate effects necessary for program success are also measureable (e.g., knowledge, attitude change, etc); (2) there is an apparent and increasing need for conservation by different parts (or sectors) of the population; however, it is clear that the desire for conservation is not the same for all sectors; (3) conservation programs can be thought of in much the same way as products with benefits and costs; this necessitates an understanding of how the population makes conservation decisions so that the program can fit into that decision process; (4) the need to tailor programs to the needs of the population is heightened by the general competition for the consumer dollar; it is necessary to design and present programs in a way that the individual will view conservation as an attractive choice among many (e.g., bank savings, buying clothes, furniture, car, etc.); and (5) the population's response to, and need for conservation is constantly changing; consequently, it is important to realize that these changes may need to be reflected in the conservation programs themselves (both ongoing and new).

Hutton, R. B.; McNeill, D. L.

1980-08-01

377

Energy conservation in citrus processing. Final project report  

SciTech Connect

Alternative energy conserving systems for use in citrus processing plants were synthesized and evaluated in terms of energy savings and economic return. The energy intensive operations that are carried out in citrus processing plants include conveying and extraction, concentration, peel drying, refrigeration, and pasteurization. The alternative energy conserving systems are synthesized from components and subsystems that are arranged to make use of energy cascading and thermodynamic regeneration to reduce the overall energy usage. System requirements such as air pollution rules and plant processing load cycles, a characterization of major operations, description of alternative system concepts, and the evaluation of alternative systems in terms of economic parameters and energy usage are identified.

Leo, M.A.; Lari, R.I.; Moore, N.R.; Broussard, M.R.; Gyamfi, M.

1981-11-01

378

Advances in energy conservation of China steel industry.  

PubMed

The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980-2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011-2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

2013-01-01

379

Advances in Energy Conservation of China Steel Industry  

PubMed Central

The course, technical progresses, and achievements of energy conservation of China steel industry (CSI) during 1980–2010 were summarized. Then, the paper adopted e-p method to analyze the variation law and influencing factors of energy consumptions of large- and medium-scale steel plants within different stages. It is pointed out that energy consumption per ton of crude steel has been almost one half lower in these thirty years, with 60% as direct energy conservation owing to the change of process energy consumption and 40% as indirect energy conservation attributed to the adjustment of production structure. Next, the latest research progress of some key common technologies in CSI was introduced. Also, the downtrend of energy consumption per ton of crude steel and the potential energy conservation for CSI during 2011–2025 were forecasted. Finally, it is indicated that the key topic of the next 15 years' research on the energy conservation of CSI is the synergistic operation of material flow and energy flow. It could be achieved by the comprehensive study on energy flow network optimization, such as production, allocation, utilization, recovery, reuse, and resource, according to the energy quantity, quality, and user demand following the first and second laws of thermodynamics. PMID:23533344

Sun, Wenqiang; Cai, Jiuju; Ye, Zhu

2013-01-01

380

Energy Conservation Training Institute: commentary and review. [FEA Region V Institute meeting in Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the spring of 1976, the Federal Energy Administration, as part of its on-going support of energy conservation, contracted with the Conservation Foundation of Washington, D.C., to sponsor eight regional Energy Conservation Training Institutes. The purpose of the Institutes was to train citizens in energy conservation strategies. The Region V Institute was sponsored by the Conservation Foundation and was locally

R. Pauls; S. Pauls

1976-01-01

381

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

2011-01-01

382

13 CFR 120.330 - Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan? 120.330 Section 120...LOANS Special Purpose Loans Energy Conservation § 120.330 Who is eligible for an energy conservation loan? SBA may make or...

2014-01-01

383

15 CFR 9.4 - Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.4 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.4 Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. (a) The...

2013-01-01

384

15 CFR 9.4 - Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.4 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.4 Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. (a) The...

2010-01-01

385

15 CFR 9.4 - Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.4 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.4 Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. (a) The...

2012-01-01

386

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

2010-01-01

387

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

2013-01-01

388

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

2014-01-01

389

15 CFR 9.4 - Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.4 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.4 Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. (a) The...

2011-01-01

390

15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

2010-01-01

391

15 CFR 9.7 - Department of Commerce energy conservation mark.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. 9.7 Section 9.7 Commerce...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.7 Department of Commerce energy conservation mark. The Department of...

2012-01-01

392

15 CFR 9.4 - Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.4 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.4 Development of voluntary energy conservation specifications. (a) The...

2014-01-01

393

15 CFR 9.8 - Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. 9.8 Section...APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.8 Amendment or revision of voluntary energy conservation specifications. The...

2014-01-01

394

7 CFR 1710.405 - Eligible energy efficiency and conservation programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Eligible energy efficiency and conservation programs...ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program § 1710.405 Eligible energy efficiency and conservation...

2014-01-01

395

10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

2011-01-01

396

10 CFR 430.32 - Energy and water conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and their effective...PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and Water Conservation Standards § 430.32 Energy and water conservation standards and their...

2010-01-01

397

Potential cost savings from investments in energy-conserving irrigation systems  

SciTech Connect

A comparative analysis is presented of the levelized costs of selected irrigation systems, with an emphasis on the costs and benefits of energy savings. The net economic benefits are evaluated, measured as energy cost savings minus additional capital and operating costs, of some energy-conserving systems. Energy use in irrigation and descriptions of both the conventional and the energy-saving technologies involved in the analysis are discussed. The approach used in the analysis is outlined, and comparative analysis results are discussed. Detailed cost information is presented by state. (LEW)

Patton, W.P.; Wilfert, G.L.; Harrer, B.J.; Clark, M.A.; Sherman, K.L.

1982-10-01

398

Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation  

E-print Network

Environmental Conservation: page 1 of 9 C Foundation for Environmental Conservation 2013 doi:10.1017/S0376892913000015 Rethinking property rights: comparative analysis of conservation easements for wildlife conservation ADENA R. RISSMAN Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin

Rissman, Adena

399

77 FR 14509 - State Energy Program and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program; Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Program (SEP) and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...program, in support of energy efficiency and renewable energy activities...Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review'', 58 FR 51735...Intergovernmental Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy....

2012-03-12

400

Vehicle energy conservation indicating device and process for use  

SciTech Connect

A vehicle energy conservation indicating device comprises an integrated instrument cluster functioning basically as a nomographic computing mechanism. The odometer distance traveled indicator computing mechanism is linked with the fuel indicating gauge mechanism such that a three variable equation computing mechanism is obtained. The three variables are distance traveled, quantity of fuel consumed and distance traveled per unit of fuel consumed. Energy conservation is achieved by operating the vehicle under such performance conditions as to produce the highest possible value for distance traveled per unit of fuel consumed. The instrument panel cluster brings the operator's attention to focus upon and continuously stimulated to conserving energy. Furthermore, the vehicle energy conservation indicating device can be adapted for recording these performance variables on tape type print out. The speedometer advises the vehicle operator when he is obeying or breaking the speed laws which are enforced and monitored by the police with specific punishment prescribed for violations of the law. At this time there is no comparable procedure for enforcing vehicle energy conservation. Thus, this direct read out of distance traveled per unit of energy will moderate the operation in an analogous manner similar to subliminal advertising. This device becomes the focal point of the instrument panel along with the speedometer, thereby providing constant motivation to obey both the speed and energy conservation laws.

Crump, J.M.

1980-01-29

401

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

2010-01-01

402

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

2014-01-01

403

10 CFR 431.25 - Energy conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and effective dates. 431.25 Section 431.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

2013-01-01

404

77 FR 4698 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure and Energy Conservation Standard for Set-Top Boxes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Conservation Standard for Set-Top Boxes and Network Equipment AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency...conservation standards for set-top boxes and network equipment. The comment period is extended...information relating to set-top boxes and network equipment [[Page 4699

2012-01-31

405

ECASTAR: Energy conservation. An assessment of systems, technologies and requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology was presented for a systems approach to energy conservation actions and their potentials and impacts in the United States. Constraints affecting the approach were ranked, and the most important ones are the present economic and technical conditions. The following unresolved issues were identified: consumptive lifestyles vs. conservation ethic, environmental standards vs. energy conservation, capital availability, decentralization and vertical integration vs. centralization, fuel rich regions vs. fuel poor regions, supply vs. end use conservation, life cycle costing vs. initial cost, mandatory savings vs. voluntary savings, labor intensive vs. capital intensive, price control vs. free market. The following recommendations were made: provide action/impact assessment, establish regional energy centers, improve technology articulation with government, design total energy systems, utilize existing systems approach expertise.

1975-01-01

406

Designing for Energy Conservation - The Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital  

E-print Network

efficient and economically constructed has the winning combination. This paper details the design concepts of a 1984 Grand Award winner, the Cypress Fairbanks Medical Center Hospital, in the Fourth Annual Energy Conservation Design Award Competition....

Wiernik, L. B.; Ranzau, P. A.

1984-01-01

407

Industry - Specific Energy Conservation Opportunities in Chemical Plants  

E-print Network

INDUSTRY-SPECIFIC ENERGY CONSERVATION OPPORTUNITIES IN CHEMICAL PLANTS Robert B. McBride C&P Division Engineering Department Union Carbide Corporation South Charleston, West Virigina During the second and third quarters of 1978, the process...

McBride, R. B.

1979-01-01

408

Conservation of Energy Through Engineered Specification and Onsite Review  

E-print Network

There is more to conservation of energy than the thickness of insulation and the materials specified. Process temperature, environment, expected life, etc., must be considered. The dimensions of the insulation must be determined early in the design...

Wartan, W. J.

409

An Energy Conservation Program at a Large Cable Manufacturing Plant  

E-print Network

The Atlanta Works is the largest telephone cable manufacturing plant in the world plus the manufacturing center for fiber optic cable for the Western Electric Company and exemplifies how an effective energy conservation program can work...

Reale, P. J.

1983-01-01

410

Supplementing Conservation Practices with Alternative Energy Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and colleges have two major roles: to reduce their own energy consumption and costs, and to develop and test new energy options. Alternative energy sources considered include solar energy, wind power, biomass, hydropower, ocean energy, geothermal heat, coal, and nuclear energy. (MLW)

Kraetsch, Gayla A.

1981-01-01

411

Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy  

E-print Network

Management and Conservation Short-Term Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Greater Sage associated with wind energy development on greater sage-grouse populations. We hypothesized that greater sage-grouse nest, brood, and adult survival would decrease with increasing proximity to wind energy infrastructure

Beck, Jeffrey L.

412

Sample Energy Conservation Education Activities for Elementary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet contains learning activities for introducing energy and conservation concepts into the existing elementary school curriculum. The activities were developed by Palm Beach County teachers during a one-week workshop. A framework of ideas is divided into three functional categories: universe of energy, living systems and energy, and social…

Allen, Rodney F., Ed.; LaHart, David E., Ed.

413

Basic Energy Conservation and Management--Part 2: HVAC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reducing school district energy expenditures has become a universal goal, and new technologies have brought greater energy efficiencies to the school environment. In Part 1 of this two-part series, the author discussed the steps required to establish an energy conservation and management program with an emphasis on lighting. In this article, he…

Krueger, Glenn

2012-01-01

414

Engineering glass furnaces for energy conservation in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy shortages and increasing costs of energy supplies are an incentive to the glass industry to examine improvements in the design, construction, and operation of glass-melting regenerative furnaces in order to achieve more efficient operation and energy conservation. The following recommendations are made: planning and design must be optimized for the most efficient use of fuel. Model tests have proven

H. Grauer; S. E. LaDue

1978-01-01

415

The Clean Renewable Energy and Conservation Tax Act of 2007  

E-print Network

Bonds ("CREBs"). The bill authorizes $2 billion of new clean renewable energy bonds to finance to sales before January 1, 2010. This proposal is revenue neutral over 10 years. New Clean Renewable EnergyThe Clean Renewable Energy and Conservation Tax Act of 2007 December 5, 2007 I. CLEAN RENEWABLE

Kammen, Daniel M.

416

Energy conservation and cost savings related to highway routine maintenance. Executive Summary (revised). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study focused on a trend analysis of energy use in routine maintenance and development of an optimization approach that can be used to determine the optimal assignment of various equipment types to different activities. The use of the approach was illustrated through an example application. A set of energy-conservation guidelines was then outlined for possible implementation.

Saito, M.; Sharaf, E.A.; Sinha, K.C.

1986-07-10

417

Energy Conservation in Army Industrial Facilities  

E-print Network

for approximately 19 percent of the Army's total energy consumption (approximately 44 million barrels of oil equivalent) and have reduced energy consumption approximately 26 percent below FY 75 levels. Highlights of the program include a comprehensive energy audit...

Aveta, G. A.; Sliwinski, B. J.

1984-01-01

418

FUEL ENERGY CONSERVATION IN DRYING COTTON  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

About 300 cu. ft. of natural gas are used per bale of cotton ginned at a cost that has increased from $1.26 per bale in 2001 to $1.96/bale in 2004 to $3.29/bale in 2005. Gins can take a number of positive actions to conserve fuel such as 1)Insulate the drying system, 2)avoid unnecessary drying, 3)u...

419

Federal energy efficiency and water conservation funding study  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of a study required by section 162 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct). It outlines options for financing energy and water conservation measures at Federal facilities as required by Part 3 of Title V of the National Energy Policy and Conservation Act (NECPA) (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.) as amended by EPAct. It addresses: (1) the estimated Federal financial investment necessary to install energy and water conservation measures to meet NECPA and Executive Order requirements; (2) the use of revolving funds and other funding mechanisms which offer stable, long-term financing of energy and water conservation measures; and (3) the means for capitalizing such funds. On March 8, 1994, President Clinton signed Executive Order 12902. This Executive Order is an aggressive mandate to improve energy efficiency and water conservation in Federal buildings nationwide. This Executive Order is designed to meet and exceed requirements for Federal energy and water efficiency that were contained in section 152 of EPAct. Section 152 mandated that Federal agencies use all cost effective measures with less than a ten year payback to reduce energy consumption in their facilities by 20% by the year 2000 compared to 1985 levels. In addition, Executive Order 12902 established a requirement to use cost effective measures to reduce energy use by fiscal year 2005 by 30% compared to 1985 energy use. This report provides estimates for the energy and water conservation investments needed to achieve the NECPA and Executive Order goals as well as estimates for the contribution from various funding sources and a review of the mechanisms for funding these investments.

NONE

1998-01-01

420

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2011-01-01

421

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2014-01-01

422

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2013-01-01

423

10 CFR 455.110 - Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Grant application submittals for technical assistance and energy conservation measures. 455.110 Section 455.110 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2012-01-01

424

10 CFR 431.446 - Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates. [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small electric motors energy conservation standards and their effective dates. [Reserved] 431.446 Section 431.446 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION...

2010-01-01

425

Risk assessment and decision analysis in conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the fundamental problems conservation biologists face when they provide advice to managers is how to characterise and account for the uncertainties which result from measurement and estimation error, model mis-specification and simple lack of knowledge. Computer-intensive techniques, initially developed in the 1970s, can now be used to incorporate all these sources of uncertainty into a rigorous statistical framework.

John Harwood

2000-01-01

426

10 CFR 431.156 - Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates. 431.156 Section...Conservation Standards § 431.156 Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates. Each CCW...

2011-01-01

427

10 CFR 431.156 - Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates. 431.156 Section...Conservation Standards § 431.156 Energy and water conservation standards and effective dates. Each...

2010-01-01

428

Energy Conservation in the Bell System  

E-print Network

, year to date, and the life of the vehicle). Repa ir frequency and expense, broken down into 60 categories (emission system, front axle and drive shaft, for example). MOVIMS tailors reports for the individuals receiving them. The program is run... and repa ir vans. The program was de signed to match vehicles with personnel and use requirements to improve economy in use of vehicles and conserve fue 1. It is ava i 1ab le to a 11 Com panies, with users accessing from their terminals. A gasol ine...

Draper, W. C.

1983-01-01

429

76 FR 37407 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...3. Installed Cost per Unit 4...Legislation e. Physical Constraints f...Analysis L. Environmental Assessment M...Impacts 1. Social Cost of Carbon a...climate on the physical and biological...translation of these environmental impacts into...Council, Hidden Costs of Energy:...

2011-06-27

430

Energy and transport: strategies for energy conservation in urban passenger transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before proceeding to explore potential strategies for energy conservation in urban passenger transport, this paper presents some evidence on energy efficiencies of various transport modes and on travel behaviour under energy constraints. Knowledge of the relative energy efficiencies of different modes of transport is evidently necessary for analysing and developing policies for fuel conservation. Although the automobile does appear to

Kirsten Schou

1979-01-01

431

Conservation of energy and momentum in nonrelativistic plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Conservation laws of energy and momentum for nonrelativistic plasmas are derived from applying Noether's theorem to the action integral for the Vlasov-Poisson-Ampere system [Sugama, Phys. Plasmas 7, 466 (2000)]. The symmetric pressure tensor is obtained from modifying the asymmetric canonical pressure tensor with using the rotational symmetry of the action integral. Differences between the resultant conservation laws and those for the Vlasov-Maxwell system including the Maxwell displacement current are clarified. These results provide a useful basis for gyrokinetic conservation laws because gyrokinetic equations are derived as an approximation of the Vlasov-Poisson-Ampere system.

Sugama, H.; Watanabe, T.-H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Nunami, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

2013-02-15

432

Financing residential energy conservation investment in the Northwest, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has analyzed how households in the Pacific Northwest financed their investments in energy conservation measures during the 1983-85 period, how they would finance their likely future investments, and related topics regarding conservation investments and financing. The information was collected through a stratified random telephone survey of householders conducted in October/November 1985 in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) service area in Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Western Montana. This information will be used by BPA to facilitate the planning, design, and implementation of relevant conservation programs such as the Residential Weatherization Program, and potential programs of bank and utility loans.

Fang, J.M.; Hattrup, M.P.; Nordi,, R.T.; Ivey, D.L.

1987-05-01

433

Evaluation of measures for conserving energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy forecasting models are useful in making effective policy decisions that will encourage changes in consumer behavior through advisory, incentive, or regulatory channels. A study of primary energy sources and end use consumption was applied to residential households and personal transportation, in which individual consumers are the major users. Space and water heating, which account for 82% of residential energy

1975-01-01

434

A compendium of energy conservation: Success stories 90  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy proudly presents this summary of some its most successful projects and activities. The projects included in this document have made significant contributions to improving energy efficiency and fuel flexibility in the United States. The energy savings that can be realized from these projects are considerable. Americans have shown an impressive ability to reduce energy consumption since 1973. Studies show that 34 quadrillion Btus (quads) of energy were saved in 1988 alone as a result of energy conservation and other factors. These savings, worth approximately $180 billion, represent more energy than the United States obtains from any other single source. The availability of new, energy-efficient technologies has been an important ingredient in achieving these savings. Federal efforts to develop and commercialize energy-saving technologies and processes are a part of the reason for this progress. Over the past 10 years, DOE has carefully invested more than $2 billion in hundreds of research and development (R D) projects to ensure the availability of advanced technology in the marketplace. These energy-efficient projects are carried out through DOE's Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy and reflect opportunities in the three energy-consuming, end-use sectors of the economy: buildings, transportation, and industry.

Not Available

1990-12-01

435

Energy and Water Conservation Measures for Hanford (2013)  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) performed an energy and water evaluation of selected buildings on the Hanford Site during the months of May and June 2012. The audit was performed under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy, Sustainability Performance Office to identify key energy conservation measures (ECMs) and water conservation measures (WCMs). The evaluations consisted of on-site facility walk-throughs conducted by PNNL staff, interviews with building-operating personnel, and an examination of building designs and layouts. Information on 38 buildings was collected to develop a list of energy and water conservation measures. Table ES.1 is a summary of the ECMs, while table ES.2 is a summary of the WCMs.

Reid, Douglas J.; Butner, Ryan S.

2013-04-01

436

Landscape Design and Nursery Operation for Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Landforms, vegetation, water bodies, climate and solar radiation can be analyzed and used to design an energy-conserving landscape and horticulture operation. Accordingly, this course instructor's manual covers the use of the elements of the environment to make landscaping and nursery design and operation more energy-efficient. Five sections…

Bell, Richard C.; Glazener, Dennis

437

Geography-informed energy conservation for Ad Hoc routing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a geographical adaptive fidelity (GAF) algorithm that reduces energy consumption in ad hoc wireless networks. GAF conserves energy by identifying nodes that are equivalent from a routing perspective and then turning off unnecessary nodes, keeping a constant level of routing fidelity. GAF moderates this policy using application- and system-level information; nodes that source or sink data remain on

Ya Xu; John S. Heidemann; Deborah Estrin

2001-01-01

438

Energy Conservation in the Home. Performance Based Lesson Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These ten performance-based lesson plans concentrate on tasks related to energy conservation in the home. They are (1) caulk cracks, holes, and joints; (2) apply weatherstripping to doors and windows; (3) add plastic/solar screen window covering; (4) arrange furniture for saving energy; (5) set heating/cooling thermostat; (6) replace faucet…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Home Economics Service.

439

Improving government regulations: a guidebook for conservation and renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

An integrated view of the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) policy making encompassing both administrative procedures and policy analysis is presented. Chapter One very briefly sketches each step in the development of a significant regulation, noting important requirements and participants. Chapter Two expands upon the Overview, providing the details of the process, the rationale and source of requirements, concurrence procedures, and advice on the timing and synchronization of steps. Chapter Three explains the types of analysis documents that may be required for a program. Regulatory Analyses, Environmental Impact Statements, Urban and Community Impact Analyses, and Regulatory Flexibility Analyses are all discussed. Specific information to be included in the documents and the circumstances under which the documents need to be prepared are explained. Chapter Four is a step-by-step discussion of how to do good analysis. Use of models and data bases is discussed. Policy objectives, alternatives, and decision making are explained. In Chapter five guidance is provided on identifying the public that would most likely be interested in the regulation, involving its constituents in a dialogue with CS, evaluating and handling comments, and engineering the final response. Chapter Six provides direction on planning the evaluation, monitoring the regulation's success once it has been promulgated, and allowing for constructive support or criticism from outside DOE. (MCW)

Neese, R. J.; Scheer, R. M.; Marasco, A. L.

1981-04-01

440

10 CFR 431.306 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Coolers and Walk-in Freezers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.306 Energy...

2011-01-01

441

10 CFR 431.306 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Coolers and Walk-in Freezers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.306 Energy...

2013-01-01

442

10 CFR 431.306 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...Coolers and Walk-in Freezers Energy Conservation Standards § 431.306 Energy...

2012-01-01

443

Industrial Energy Conservation Potentials in North Carolina  

E-print Network

. Potential energy savings are also found in the operation of lights, motors, heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, ovens, temperature setting schedules, and many others. Table 2 summarizes the most frequently recommended EGOs..., their corresponding energy and cost savings, and implementation costs. Some of the major energy consuming equipment with related EGOs will be discussed. Table 1 Types of Manufacturers Type /I Savings ImpL MMBTU $ Cost Textile 19 99,374 634,881 376,464 Wood...

Barakat, M. G.; Singh, H.; Mallik, A. K.

444

Education and Training Promote Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

in the United major contributor to the chemical indus- States. The balance are situated in 29 try's efficiency improvement. For the overseas locations. l2-month period ending in December 1979, In our 67 years of operation, we have Hercules' domestic plants had... Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 13-16, 1980 before the Arab Oil Embargo. In fact, our interest and concern for efficient utiliza~ tion of energy predates the 1972 charter. A corporate report, describing an energy survey...

Steele, N. W.

1980-01-01

445

Make money - save energy: building partnerships for energy conservation in nonprofits  

SciTech Connect

This was the first national conference dedicated to promoting energy conservation and cost reduction in the nonprofit sector. Most of the information presented was via panels at five sessions - the panels consisting of 3-5 members from various nonprofit groups throughout the US (United Way, State Energy Offices, foundations, private energy corporations, etc.). The main conference binder is organized into six sections, five corresponding to the panel topics are: (1) building partnerships for energy conservation services in nonprofits; (2) designing energy conservation program services for established programs, (3) marketing energy conservation services to the nonprofit sector; (4) evaluating technical services for established energy conservation programs; and (5) financing energy conservation measures. Also included, but not bound, and available from NOPEC are: (a) Guidebook: How to Establish a Local Energy Conservation Program for Nonprofit Organizations ($3); and (b) Energy Use and Conservation Potential in the Nonprofit Sector: A National Profile ($12). Also available is the 15-page Annual Report (1987) of the Energy Conservation and Facilities Management Corp., 148 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016.

Not Available

1987-01-01

446

Energy Conservation Provide prompts / signage for employees  

E-print Network

teleconferencing and video conferenc- ing to save on travel. Carpool to meetings. Purchase Energy Star® office, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions

Florida, University of

447

Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws  

SciTech Connect

This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

Keyfitz, Barbara

2014-02-15

448

Energy conserving site design case study: Shenandoah, Georgia. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The case study examines the means by which energy conservation can be achieved at an aggregate community level by using proper planning and analytical techniques for a new town, Shenandoah, Georgia, located twenty-five miles southwest of Atlanta's Hartsfield International Airport. A potentially implementable energy conservation community plan is achieved by a study team examining the land use options, siting characteristics of each building type, alternate infrastructure plans, possible decentralized energy options, and central utility schemes to determine how community energy conservation can be achieved by use of pre-construction planning. The concept for the development of mixed land uses as a passively sited, energy conserving community is based on a plan (Level 1 Plan) that uses the natural site characteristics, maximizes on passive energy siting requirement, and allows flexibility for the changing needs of the developers. The Level 2 Plan is identical with Level 1 plan plus a series of decentraized systems that have been added to the residential units: the single-family detached, the apartments, and the townhouses. Level 3 Plan is similar to the Level 1 Plan except that higher density dwellings have been moved to areas adjacent to central site. The total energy savings for each plan relative to the conventional plan are indicated. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

449

Potential of energy production from conserved forages  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Forages have a potential role in meeting the demand for energy. Perennial forages are attractive for various reasons. One, both the monetary and energy cost of planting is spread over many years. Two, we already have the equipment for harvesting, storing and transporting this source of biomass. Thre...

450

Energy Conservation Technology Education Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outreach programs were conducted in four communities over a period of nine months. Focus was on disseminating information to the public on how to use energy more efficiently in the home. The basic format for disseminating information involved the following activities: public meetings to provide general information on home energy consumption and…

League of Women Voters of the U.S., Washington, DC.

451

Energy Conservation Within the Paper Machine Room  

E-print Network

Pulp and paper mills are one of the major industrial consumers of energy, a great deal of which is wasted, misused or recoverable. An "energy audit" is conducted on a typical fine paper mill, a step-by-step program is followed which reveals...

Walker, P. J.; Erskine, K. J.

1979-01-01

452

Energy Conservation: Better Living Through Thermodynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shortcomings of the usual definition of energy efficiency are identified. Suggestions are general for better use of fossil fuels. Studies done by the American Physics Society (APS) are discussed and recommendations made for an improved definition of energy efficiency are described. (Author/EB)

Metz, William D.

1975-01-01

453

The Energy and Conservation Education Glossary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The glossary of approximately 700 energy-related terms provides a useful resource to K-12 classroom teachers and curriculum developers for teaching basic energy concepts and skills. In addition, developers of the glossary suggest that it can help teachers develop supplementary language and word games for students, such as crossword puzzles. The…

Dalton, Ed; And Others

454

77 FR 76972 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...including technological developments relating to energy use or energy efficiency of compressors. With respect...typically prepares initially an energy conservation standards...is considering for the development of energy conservation...

2012-12-31

455

10 CFR 431.306 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Energy Conservation Standards § 431.306 Energy conservation standards and their effective dates...component has provided to the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy all data and technical information necessary...

2014-01-01

456

Bibliography for transportation energy conservation. [578 citations  

SciTech Connect

A listing is given of 578 reports, books, articles, and conference papers on transportation and energy. Coverage is primarily on U. S. developments and research from 1970 to 1975. Following a section of citations of general works on energy, the bibliography contains two main parts: ''Energy for Transportation'' and ''Transportation of Energy.'' Within each of these topics the arrangement is multimodal (at the urban, regional, national, or international level), then by mode. Selected information sources are listed in the last part. Within each section, entries are arranged alphabetically by author or, lacking an author, by title. References were drawn from the Transportation Center Library collection and other libraries in the Northwestern University system. An earlier bibliography, Transportation and Energy, compiled by the Transportation Center Library in March 1974, forms the basis for the arrangement and provides coverage from 1970 to 1973.

LaBelle, Sarah J.

1976-05-01

457

Commercial building design and energy conservation: A preliminary assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the research was to determine the degree of change in commercial building design practice relating to energy conservation since the enactment of the Energy Conservation Standard for New Buildings Act of 1976. Data on current design practices consisted of information from 400 buildings advertised for bids or under construction in 1979 to 1980 on glass in windows and doors, exterior wall systems, roof system, heating plants, and lighting systems. In addition to these building design components, energy conservation measures used included: natural lighting; deadband thermostat; greenhouse-effect atrium collector, heat recovery from the top of the atrium, greenhouse passive heating panels; natural ventilation; insulating shutters, closable skylights, thermal shutters, Trombe wall, corridor trombe; attic ventilation; wind shielding, concrete wall; titled windows; night flushing cycle; and cooling coils using cooling tower water. A brief explanation of these measures is given.

Nieves, A. L.; Rosoff, D.

1982-02-01

458

Commercial building design and energy conservation: a preliminary assessment  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the research was to determine the degree of change in commercial building design practice relating to energy conservation since the enactment of the Energy Conservation Standard for New Buildings Act of 1976. Data on current design practices consisted of information from 400 buildings advertised for bids or under construction in 1979 to 1980 on glass in windows and doors, exterior wall systems, roof system, heating plants, and lighting systems. In addition to these building design components, energy conservation measures used included: natural lighting; deadband thermostat; greenhouse-effect atrium collector, heat recovery from the top of the atrium, greenhouse passive heating panels; natural ventilation; insulating shutters, closable skylights, thermal shutters, Trombe wall, corridor trombe; attic ventilation; wind shielding, concrete wall; titlted windows; night flushing cycle; and cooling coils using cooling tower water. A brief explanation of these measures is given. (MCW)

Nieves, A.; Rosoff, D.

1982-02-01

459

Energy Analysis Capstone Course Development Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model for an energy analysis capstone semester. Students will examine energy consuming facilities, identify energy conservation measures, perform energy audits and create an energy audit report and energy management plan. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

460

76 FR 78174 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure and Energy Conservation Standard for Set-Top Boxes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...rulemaking and data collection process to develop a potential test procedure and energy conservation standard...To facilitate this process, DOE has gathered data...efficiency standards and energy use data for STBs on...of this rulemaking (including topics not raised...

2011-12-16

461

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Office of building Technologies (OBT) pursues advanced energy efficiency and renewable technologies and accelerates the rate of adoption of these technologies in the residential and commercial sectors through research, development, and demonstration.

Not Available

1991-05-01

462

Energy Conservation in Process Chilled Water Systems  

E-print Network

The energy consumption of the chiller and cooling tower in a process cooling application was analyzed using the TRNSYS computer code. The basic system included a constant speed centrifugal chiller and an induced-draft, counterflow cooling tower...

Ambs, L. L.; DiBella, R. A.

463

Automation, Energy Conservation and Common Sense  

E-print Network

and contains 5 million square feet of administration office and research laboratory space. An Engineering study to investigate an automated computer controlled energy management system has been completed. The study objectives were to identify system parameters...

Hester, D.

1981-01-01

464

EVIDENTIARY HEARING CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION  

E-print Network

Walters PUBLIC ADVISER'S OFFICE Nick Bartsch APPLICANT Jane E. Luckhardt, Downey|Brand counsel to J Water District Taylor Miller Sempra Energy Steve Taylor Jeff Gabey (via telephone) Ruth Love Juanita

465

Conservation of Fluid Mass and Energy by RELAP5-3D during a SBLOCA  

SciTech Connect

Mass and energy balances were performed to check the accuracy of RELAP5-3D’s solution during a loss-of-coolant accident initiated by a small break in a typical pressurized water reactor. Mass and energy balances were performed for the combined liquid and gas phases and the gas phase by itself. The analysis showed that RELAP5-3D adequately conserved mass and energy for the combined fluid and the gas phase.

Cliff B. Davis

2009-08-01

466

75 FR 31323 - Energy Efficiency Program: Energy Conservation Standards Furnace Fans: Public Meeting and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...that any new or amended energy conservation standard...standby mode and off mode energy use pursuant to 42 U...Accordingly, DOE is including in this framework document...issues, analyses, and processes it anticipates using...the development of new energy conservation...

2010-06-03

467

78 FR 9631 - Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...second round of energy conservation...obligation to review energy conservation...proposed rulemaking including new proposed...facilitate this process, DOE has prepared...the rulemaking process as it applies...Engineering; (2) energy-use characterization...previously listed, including the market...

2013-02-11

468

77 FR 28927 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Equipment AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department...Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building...EnergyConsult Pty Ltd., Equipment Energy Efficiency Committee Regulatory Impact...1,140 15,058...

2012-05-16

469

Energy Information: The Key to Cost-Effective Conservation  

E-print Network

ENERGY INFORMATION: THE KEY TO COST-EFFECTIVE CONSERVATION John R. McBride President New Horizon Technologies Butte, Montana ABSTRACT This paper analyzes the cost-effectiveness simple payback, Net Present Value (NPV) and Return... Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 22-23, 1998 4. Energy Systems Laboratory, LoanSTAR Program Saves Texas Taxpayers Millions in Energy Bills, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 1996. 5. McBride, J., Bohmer, c., Price, S., Carlson, K...

McBride, J. R.; Flanagan, D. E.

470

Home retrofitting for energy conservation and solar considerations  

SciTech Connect

This manual explains both the key concepts behind our need for and our impact on energy usage, as well as a nuts-and-bolts explanation of how to improve the energy efficiency of your home. By reviewing both the concepts and practices of energy conservation, the manual presents a comprehensive picture of how home energy use is effected by the inhabitants and by the structure itself. The manual begins with an explanation of why we are looking at energy, then proceeds to explain how the heat transfer occurs between houses and humans. Next is a chapter on energy audits and how to use them, followed by a comprehensive section on energy conservation actions to do now to reduce energy use. Conservation actions include low cost/no cost measures, schemes to reduce infiltration, how to increase insulation, and what to do with windows and doors, heating and heat distribution systems, and water heaters. Solar energy options are then briefly explained, as well as the all important issues of financing and tax credits. The manual concludes with a bibliography to direct the reader to more sources of information.

Not Available

1981-10-01

471

Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems  

E-print Network

and flows steadily into the combustor (Figure 2). Fuel is fired in the combustor and the resulting, high-energy hot gas passes through the expansion turbine. The energy extracted through the turbine section is used to drive the compressor and the load... DIAGRAM 232-2 Figure L Basic Simple Cycle Gas Turbine BLEED AIR VALVE BLEED AIR DUCT I COM PRESSOR~~~~F!~~~~lF=""-"""~~MJb:~ ROTOR ASSEMBLY TURBINE IGNITER ROTOR ASSEMBLY TORCH COMBUSTION CHAMBER ROTATING PARTS Figure 2. Airflow Through...

Solt, J. C.

1979-01-01

472

Computerized Reporting of Energy Conservation Progress  

E-print Network

~ with electronic data processing specialists will disclose that several interdependent programs of instruction I I 861 ESL-IE-79-04-101 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 will be needed...

Troyan, J. E.

1979-01-01

473

University of Minnesota Energy Conservation and Use  

E-print Network

to 2000, the South East Steam Plant was retrofitted with two new gas / oil fired boilers and one similarly sized boilers, reducing both the cost and carbon footprint of energy production. This translates in deciding what fuels to use in our steam plants. Increased fuel costs increase operational costs, which

Gulliver, Robert

474

Environmental Action Energy Conservation. Teacher Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The environmental education curriculum called Environment ACTION is designed to empower students with the knowledge and skills necessary to make meaningful environmental changes. This module provides step-by-step instructions on how to explore the sources, production, uses, and environmental effects of energy in their schools and home. There are…

1998

475

Energy conservation strategy: The ignored cooling tower  

SciTech Connect

Cooling towers in electric generating plants are orphans ignored by many engineers and operators. The importance of the cooling water is that more energy is required since hotter water reduces product output at greater energy input to overcome resultant high head pressures and high head temperatures. Generating plants, chemical processes and refrigeration loops, that utilize cooling towers, could be superior money makers if better understood. Towers hardly ever break down. As long as the box stands there and appears solid, with fans constantly rotating, there are numerous engineers that think that all is well with the cooling tower, turn their backs on it, and proceed to spend funds on their power generating and process equipment. Conversely, colder water generates better vacuums, equipment runs cooler which saves energy and makes more dollar profit. This presentation will investigate basic cooling tower technology and compare State-of-the-Art retrofit and upgrading to optimize the different types of cooling towers. Actual field operations hands on slides will be presented with detailed statistics of costs, energy savings generated and payback.

Burger, R.

1996-12-31

476

Impact of the resource conservation and recovery act on energy facility siting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 is a multifaceted approach to the management of both solid and hazardous waste. The focus of this research is on the RCRA mandated proposed regulations for the siting of hazardous waste disposal facilities. This research is an analysis of the interactions among hazardous waste disposal facilities, energy supply technologies and land

Tevepaugh

1982-01-01

477

Public Schools Energy Conservation Measures, Report Number 6: P. F. Brown Elementary School, Lubbock, Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarized in this report are the methodology and findings of building investigations, computer simulations and assessments of possible energy conservation strategies at P. F. Brown Elementary School, Lubbock, Texas. For each recommendation, the initial cost, annual savings, and payback years are presented. This analysis is a component of the…

American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

478

Energy Conservation Study on the Industrial Boiler and Steam Kettle System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to give some suggestions for energy conservation rebuilding, comparison analysis was carried out on the coal-fired industry boiler and steam kettle system. Three schemes of steam water reclaim from the steam kettle to the coal- fired industrial boiler were put forward. The first scheme adopted a heat exchanger to reclaim the heat released from the condensate water and

Jingdong Song; Yunhua Gan; Shihong Li

2011-01-01

479

75 FR 41102 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Furnace Fans: Reopening of Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...conservation standards for the use of electricity for purposes of circulating air through duct work of residential heating and cooling systems (``furnace fans''). The comment period closed on July 6, 2010. The comment period is reopened from July...

2010-07-15

480

1999 annual progress report -- Energy conservation team  

SciTech Connect

This report highlights progress achieved during FY 1999 under the Light-duty Fuels Utilization R and D Program. The program is comprised of two elements: the Advanced Petroleum-Based APB Fuels Program which focused on developing and testing advanced fuels for use with compression-ignition direct-injection (CIDI) engines and fuel cells and the Alternative Fuels Program which focused on Natural gas and natural gas derived fuels. The report contains 17 summaries of industry and National Laboratory projects. Fuel efficient vehicles with very low emissions are essential to meet the challenges of climate change, energy security, and improved air quality. The authors anticipate cooperative efforts with the auto and energy industries to develop new and innovative technologies that will be used to make advanced transportation vehicles that are fuel efficient, clean, and safe.

Chalk, S. (EERE OTT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Energy Conversion Team Leader)

1999-10-19

481

Active Control by Conservation of Energy Concept  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three unrelated experiments are discussed; each was extremely sensitive to initial conditions. The initial conditions are the beginnings of the origins of the information that nonlinearity displays. Initial conditions make the phenomenon unstable and unpredictable. With the knowledge of the initial conditions, active control requires far less power than that present in the system response. The first experiment is on the control of shocks from an axisymmetric supersonic jet; the second, control of a nonlinear panel response forced by turbulent boundary layer and sound; the third, control of subharmonic and harmonics of a panel forced by sound. In all three experiments, control is achieved by redistribution of periodic energy response such that the energy is nearly preserved from a previous uncontrolled state. This type of active control improves the performance of the system being controlled.

Maestrello, Lucio

2000-01-01

482

Energy conservation in flare purging systems  

SciTech Connect

A major source of energy consumption in flare systems is the purge gas flow. At very low flaring rates, combustion tends to retreat into the flare tip. Sustained burning within the tip will result in damage and eventual failure of the tip. The purge gas flow is normally adjusted until a visible flame is noticeable at grade. This paper presents a method of calculating purge gas flow rates for basic pipe flares based on an extensive research effort.

Herbert, K.J.; Rawlings, R.L.

1985-01-01

483

Conservation, An In-Plant Energy Resource  

E-print Network

fuel cost and indicates a write-off time of about 1. 7 months including all installation costs. The next potential area of savings is the soaking pit. Figure N describes the application of adjustable flame burners and temperature dif ference... control to one way fired soaking pits. Soaking pits are equally critical from the stand point of production and energy consumption. Adjustable flame burners coupled with temper ature difference control assures temperature uniformity within the pit...

Skudneski, L. A.

1980-01-01

484

The Family Life Cycle and Preferred Policies for Gasoline Conservation: A Conjoint Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used family life cycle as the basis for assessing public reaction to alternative energy-conservation measures in a sample of 367 adults. Results showed most respondents preferred some sort of energy conservation policy. Young marrieds were most concerned with conservation; middle-aged adults were least willing to adopt energy conservation

Tashchian, Armen; And Others

1983-01-01

485

Comparative Lifecycle Energy Analysis: Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the position that more energy is conserved through recycling secondary materials than is generated from municipal solid waste incineration. Discusses one component of a lifecycle analysis--a comparison of energy requirements for manufacturing competing products. Includes methodological issues, energy cost estimates, and difficulties…

Morris, Jeffrey; Canzoneri, Diana

1992-01-01

486

Advisory Council on energy conservation. Report to the Secretary of State for Energy.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An assessment is given of energy conservation measures in the United Kingdom. It is concluded that significant progress was made and that the strongest and most necessary part of any energy conservation program is energy pricing on the basis of true long run replacement costs. Domestic, industrial, and transportation energy are discussed. The role of controls and energy management systems are discussed. Hot water heating, thermal insulation, and heating systems are also discussed.

1982-04-01

487

Genomic data analysis using DNA structure: an analysis of conserved nongenic sequences and ultraconserved elements.  

PubMed

Recent comparative studies of the human and mouse genomes have revealed sets of conserved nongenic sequences (CNGs) and sets of ultraconserved elements (UCEs). Both sets of sequences, which exhibit extremely high levels of conservation, extend over hundreds of bases and have no known function. Since there is no detectable sequence homology between paralogous CNGs or UCEs in either of the species, an alignment-free technique is needed for their analysis. We have previously compiled a database of the structural properties of all 32,896 unique DNA octamers, including information on stability, the minimum energy conformation, and flexibility. We have used Fourier techniques to analyze the UCEs and CNGs in terms of their octamer structural properties, to reveal structural correlations which may indicate possible functions for some of these sequences. PMID:16563006

Gardiner, Eleanor J; Hirons, Linda; Hunter, Christopher A; Willett, Peter

2006-01-01

488

Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of teaching aids consists of seven Audubon Nature Bulletins, providing the teacher and student with informational reading on various topics in conservation. The bulletins have these titles: Plants as Makers of Soil, Water Pollution Control, The Ground Water Table, Conservation--To Keep This Earth Habitable, Our Threatened Air Supply,…

National Audubon Society, New York, NY.

489

Conserving Energy in Blast Freezers Using Variable Frequency Drives  

E-print Network

A stationary blast freezer processing 22-lb cartons of sardines in 19,000 pound lots was modified to improve efficiency and to conserve energy. Baffles were first added to produce uniform air flow. Maximum measured freeze times of 12.6 hours fell...

Kolbe, E.; Ling, Q.; Wheeler, G.

2004-01-01

490

Methods for evaluating and ranking transportation energy conservation programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy conservation programs are assessed in terms of petroleum savings, incremental costs to consumers probability of technical and market success, and external impacts due to environmental, economic, and social factors. Three ranking functions and a policy matrix are used to evaluate the programs. The net present value measure which computes the present worth of petroleum savings less the present

L. C. Santone

1981-01-01

491

Building recycling: real conservation; save energy, dollars and preserve history  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective method of conserving energy and basic materials includes recycling aluminum cans, waste paper, and now old buildings. The advantages and disadvantages of recycling or rehabilitating old buildings are evaluated. The great stockpiles of bricks, timbers, stones, steel, iron, and decorative pieces may be recycled. A review of new construction codes may be made to determine if an old

Campeau

1978-01-01

492

The Conservation of Energy in Schools--A Feasibility Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is concerned with suggestions for translating changing educational requirements and community needs into appropriate school facilities that are designed, or changed, to be cost beneficial and to conserve energy. Planning guides are offered for the construction and the improvement of elementary and secondary schools. Some preventative…

Whitworth, Fred E.

493

Curriculum for Energy Use and Conservation Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project designed a national curriculum model for Energy Conservation-and-Use Technicians (ECUTs) and developed and tested instructional materials for use in the courses. The two-year postsecondary ECUT curriculum was designed to provide an interdisciplinary technical base (electrical, mechanical, thermal, and fluidal principles) and technical…

Hull Daniel M.

494

Seeding Social Norms about Energy Conservation among Girl Scouts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies examined whether a social norm message (SNM) to Girl Scouts who had completed an energy conservation program would impact behavior and attitudes. Studies 1 and 2 were conducted with girls recently completing the program, study 3 was conducted with girls completing the program one year earlier. Results suggest that the SNM may impact…

Bernstein, Debra; Puttick, Gillian

2014-01-01

495

Motivational Aspect of Southwest Texas State Universiy's Energy Conservation Program  

E-print Network

proved highly successful .... not only in pro? moting energy conservation, but in the promotion of the university as well. To ensure a suitable picture for the cover, a contest (open to all faculty, staff and student members) was held each semester...

Maier, O. A.

496

Energy Conservation Experiments You Can Do...from Edison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information, lists of materials needed, and procedures are provided for 11 energy conservation experiments. They include: (1) five experiments on heating and cooling (investigating how insulation works, investigating how weatherstripping works, investigating how storm windows work, building a draftometer, and letting sun heat a house);…

Thomas Alva Edison Foundation, Southfield, MI.

497

Energy Conserving Equations of Motion for Gear Systems  

E-print Network

Energy Conserving Equations of Motion for Gear Systems Sejoong Oh Senior Engineer General Motors Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI A system of two meshing gears exhibits a stiffness by dynamic simulation, using a sys- tem of two involute spur gears as an example. It is shown that the two

Barber, James R.

498

Hypothermia and Energy Conservation: A Tradeoff for Elderly Persons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined association between concern for health and adoption of elderly persons of a lowered winter nighttime thermostat setting. Findings from two surveys of elderly respondents (N=232) who maintained separate owner-occupied residences showed that health and thermal comfort were major reasons for nonadoption of this energy conservation measure.…

Macey, Susan M.

1989-01-01

499

ERDA funding in transportation energy conservation area and research plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several facets of the Transportation Energy Conservation Program pursued by ERDA are presented. The program elements were divided into three categories: (1) Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: (2) Highway Systems; and (3) NonHighway Transport and Special Projects. The Highway System Program is directed towards improving propulsion system and researching alternative fuels. As part of the improvements towards propulsion systems, ERDA is

G. Mannella

1977-01-01

500

Energy conservation in honey storage building using Trombe wall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates energy conservation, mitigation of CO2 emissions and economics of retrofitting for a honey storage building with Trombe wall for winter heating application. The passive heating potential of Trombe wall for a honey storage building was estimated using TRNSYS building simulation software. This honey storage building is located at Gwalior (latitude: 26°14?N) in India. During winter months, the

Arvind Chel; J. K. Nayak; Geetanjali Kaushik

2008-01-01