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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Formulating a simple D-region model. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on a body of work that suggests that the effective recombination coefficients in the daytime D region are fairly invariant and thus lead to a rather simple solution for the electron concentrations. In addition, a quadratic expression is available for the estimation of electron concentrations at night. The ionization production rate q must be known and incorporated into the chemistry of the D region to determine electron concentrations (e) as a function of altitude. There is some D-region research that supports a simple way to determine (e) once q is known. Thus, the daytime effective recombination coefficient, Psi, appears to be relatively insensitive to q and can provide for the determination of (e), (e) = sq rt(q/Psi) under steady-state conditions. For steady-state conditions at night, an equation exists that yields (e) with reasonable accuracy.

Swider, W.

1987-10-28

2

Print This Paper, Kill A Tree: Environmental Sustainability as a Research Topic for Human-Computer Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many HCI researchers have recently begun to examine the opportunities to use ICTs to promote environmental sustainability and ecological consciousness on the part of technology users. This paper examines the limits upon this work as currently construed. In particular, it argues that the political and cultural contexts of environmental practice must be part of an effective solution. Research on ecological

Paul Dourish

3

The Collaborative Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a five-week English course in which pairs of students work collaboratively on team-building activities, library research, research-paper topic selection, outlining, paraphrasing and summarizing, and writing and editing a joint research paper. Presents the peer-evaluation techniques, which differentiate students' share of the work so that…

Bashore, Joy

1999-01-01

4

Rethinking the Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With rare exceptions, the assignment of a research paper elicits groans from students and sighs from their teachers, or worse. While the research paper became a fixture in composition textbooks and classrooms by the 1940s, its origins can be traced to fundamental changes in the American academy after the Civil War. The language of the term paper

Ballenger, Bruce

5

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

6

Abstracts of Research Papers 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication includes the abstracts of 199 research papers presented at the 1970 American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Seattle, Washington. Abstracts from symposia on environmental quality education, obesity, motor development, research methods, and laboratory equipment are also included. Each…

Drowatzky, John N., Ed.

7

White Paper on Environmental Liability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent European Commission (EC) "White Paper" on environmental liability sets out "the structure for a future EC environmental liability regime that aims at implementing the polluter pays principle." The report includes the key elements necessary for an "effective and practicable" regime. Full text (.pdf format) is available in nine languages, with summaries in ten languages.

8

Research Application Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast two types of scholarly article designs, quantitative and qualitative, as to how two research designs can be similar and different, and how the authors conduct their research and present their results. When researching and analyzing two scholarly articles of different design types, it is…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

9

Introductory Papers on Institutional Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers include: the role of institutional research in the managerial revolution in higher education (W. Hugh Stickler); student studies in the institutional research program (W. Hugh Stickler); needed research studies in college admissions (Cameron Fincher); an introduction to budgetary analysis (James L. Miller); future enrollments and planning…

Schietinger, E. F., Ed.

10

Introduction to Hydrology Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This research paper assignment is designed for my Junior level Hydrology course for majors. The intent of the project to to make sure my students can conduct literature reviews, outline a research project and obtain practice in formatting their work for publication. Getting my students prepared to enter the workforce and/or graduate school with these skill sets is imperative for their future success, since in the sciences we write more than we conduct research.

Ward, James

11

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR A MANUFACTURER OF GRAVURE-COATED METALIZED PAPER AND METALIZED FILM  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. n an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cent...

12

ERPA: European Research Papers Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ERPA, the European Research Papers Archive, provides a common interface for searching a database of online working papers relevant to European integration. Contributors to the archive include the Robert Schuman Centre of the Academy of European Law at the European University Institute, the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, the Jean Monnet Working Papers Series at Harvard Law School, and the European Communities Studies Association-Austria. Users can select either a short form to search recent additions to the archive or a long form to either or to also access the many advanced search options, including full-text searches.

13

Abstracts of Research Papers 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume includes the abstracts of 112 research papers presented at the 1971 American Association of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Detroit, Michigan. Abstracts from the following symposia are also included: a) The Role of Perception in Learning Movement Activities; b) The Academic Discipline and the School Program:…

Fox, Katharine, Ed.

14

Roundtable Discussion Groups Summary Papers: Environmental BioIndicators in Coral Reef Ecosystems: The Need to Align Research, Monitoring, and Environmental Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors' Note:At the 14 International Conference on Environmental Bioindicators (14 ICEBI) held in Linthicum Heights, Maryland, USA on 24–26 April 2006, the Conference Chairs and Program Committee initiated the Roundtable Discussion Groups as a regular feature of this and future conferences. The Discussions are designed to generate focused debate around key topic areas, led by academic, government and industry experts,

Paul W. Sammarco; Pamela Hallock; Judith C. Lang; Richard S. LeGore

2007-01-01

15

Sensing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of environmental education research has been moving away from scientistic and positivistic discourses for some time now ("Environmental Education Research," 2000; Hart & Nolan, 1999). However, it has been noted that the meta-discourse about this research continues to draw on their framings, registers, and lexicons (Hart, 2000;…

Reid, Alan

2003-01-01

16

Careers in Environmental Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to provide individuals with information about potential careers in environmental research with the agency. The brochure's introduction presents an overview of the EPA and its involvement in setting environmental standards, standards enforcement and monitoring, and future trends…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

17

Fiber optics: A research paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some basic aspects concerning fiber optics are examined. Some history leading up to the development of optical fibers which are now used in the transmission of data in many areas of the world is discussed. Basic theory of the operation of fiber optics is discussed along with methods for improving performance of the optical fiber through much research and design. Splices and connectors are compared and short haul and long haul fiber optic networks are discussed. Fiber optics plays many roles in the commercial world. The use of fiber optics for communication applications is emphasized.

Drone, Melinda M.

1987-01-01

18

Environmental Research and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TVA's interdisciplinary approach to environmental research and development is summarized. Efforts cover air pollution control, water quality control, strip mine reclamation, acid rain effects, and effects of thermal-effluent discharges from power plants. ...

M. L. Iwanski

1982-01-01

19

Columbia Environmental Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Columbia Environmental Research Center (CERC) is part of the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and provides data and scientific information needed to address environmental contaminant issues, and the effects of habitat alterations on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Their mission is to provide this data to help maintain clean water resources and habitat quality across the US. This site contains CERC research and project information, which addresses issues such as populations, contaminants in marine and estuarine environments, aquatic resources, at-risk and endangered species, ecosystems, status and trends, and wildlife. To provide an integrated approach to these complex resource problems, research projects are staffed with team members from six science branches: toxicology, ecology, environmental chemistry, biochemistry, field stations, and information technology. Details about research in each of these branches are provided, as well as many links for further information. Much of CERC's research occurs on the Missouri and Mississippi rivers.

20

Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will use scaffolding to research and organize information for writing a research paper. A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question (problem), literature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references. Students examine informational text, use an inquiry-based approach, and practice genre-specific strategies for expository writing. Depending on the goals of the assignment, students may work collaboratively or as individuals. A student-written paper about color psychology provides an authentic model of a scaffold and the corresponding finished paper. The research paper scaffold is designed to be completed during seven or eight sessions over the course of four to six weeks.

O'Day, Shannon A.

2012-01-01

21

Environmental Research Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The assignment is the development of scientific research project proposal, tailored to a specific range of course-appropriate topics and mimicked after current calls for NSF proposals in Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or Low temperature geochemistry. Project components include a one paragraph pitch, submission of a draft for peer-review, and submission of the final proposal with a response to peer comments. A final, oral or poster presentation is an optional component. This is a multi-week assignment, and typically a significant componenent of the course grade.

Robins, Colin

22

Archeological/Environmental Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Landsat/Seasat remote sensing was used by Ames Research Center to evaluate environmental influence on ancient Mayan civilization. Over 35 archeological sites were imaged and valuable information concerning Maya settlement patterns, environment, and resource usage resulted. The imagery was also used by Mexican authorities to develop coastal management plans, establish Biosphere Reserves and assess damage from the 1988 Hurricane Gilbert. Imagery showed evidence of ancient coastlines, changes in sea level, an ancient river plain and Mayan canal systems. Previously unknown Mayan reservoirs were discovered. The project is considered a pioneering effort combining remote sensing, environmental studies and archeology.

1991-01-01

23

Tips for Preparing a Scientific Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tips prepared by the Woods Hole Sea Grant Program, with help from researchers, librarians, and teachers. Designed to help middle school or high school students organize their research papers from beginning to end, takes it step-by-step and week-by-week. Covers: how to start, identifying a topic; outlining the project, compiling resources, finding help; organizing resources, recognizing when you have enough; expanding the outline, writing clearly and logically; and reviewing the paper.

2010-08-03

24

Paper. Environmental Ecological Education Project. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is designed to help the intermediate elementary school student become aware of the history of paper, the papermaking process, the variety of uses and kinds of paper, the economic aspects of the paper industry, and the importance of recycling. It includes 13 major concepts relating to paper, the behavioral objectives and expected student…

Parkway School District, Chesterfield, MO.

25

Environmental Research Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Research Foundation (ERF) provides "understandable scientific information about the influence of toxic substances on human health and the environment." ERF aims to inform journalists, community activists, librarians, environmentalists, and others concerned with toxins and environmental justice. The ERF site contains an online library of pertinent documents under such categories as agriculture & food security, global concerns, chemicals & health, human rights, and more. ERF also offers a database of related sites under the categories of biodiversity, cancer, children/youth, and food safety, to name a few. Site visitors can sign up for a free electronic subscription to the informative _Rachel's Environment & Health News_ (named in honor of renowned ecologist Rachel Carson). A Spanish-language edition of the publication is available as well. The website is also available in both Spanish and English.

26

Reading for Pleasure: The Research Paper Reconsidered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a research paper assignment in which students choose a controversial news event reported by six to eight newspapers and arrive at a thesis by comparing the accounts. Notes that students become truly engaged with the assignment and that engagement shows itself strongly in the intelligence and life of the papers. (RS)

Kotler, Janet

1989-01-01

27

Outfoxing Fraud: Research Papers without Repression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses four strategies used by the author in college English courses to discourage fraud yet to allow students enough freedom to conduct original research. The strategies include generating "topic lists," in hope of beating term paper "clearinghouses," which must certainly have a time-lag on the topics in their collections; an…

Wagner, Eileen N.

28

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website describes the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre's work utilizing luminescence and radiocarbon dating. Through this expansive website, visitors can learn about the centre's many research projects including radioactive contamination, isotope geology, and environmental gamma spectrometry.

2008-03-12

29

Research Paper Step #1: Task Definition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project will help students choose a topic for a research paper. Students will be researching the effects of a a well-known person, event, or idea. Standard 1: Students will use vocabulary development and an understanding of text elements to comprehend literary and informational grade level text. Standard 3: Students will understand the process if seeking and giving information in conversations, group discussions, written reports, and oral presentations. Objective: Students will use a variety of ...

Haws, Mrs.

2007-11-08

30

Environmental Education Research: To What Ends?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper engages questions about ends in environmental education research. In doing so, I argue that such questions are essentially normative, and that normative questions are underrepresented in this field. After cautioning about perils of prescribing research agendas, I gently suggest that in environmental education key normative questions…

Jickling, Bob

2009-01-01

31

Research Abstracts of ACE 2001 Research Paper Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides abstracts of nine research papers presented at the 2001 Agricultural Communication in Education annual conference. Includes papers on food safety, critical thinking, distance education, information technologies, agricultural news sources, and genetically engineered foods. (JOW)

Journal of Applied Communications, 2001

2001-01-01

32

Incorporating Film into the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers face two serious difficulties when assigning research papers: (1) motivation and mental disposition; and (2) plagiarism as a by-product of the Web. In this article, the authors describe how they have addressed both these problems by strategically using appropriate motion pictures as entrees into the subject matter and as points of…

Fontenot, Michael J.; Fontenot, Karen A.

2008-01-01

33

Lockean Epistemology and the Freshman Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the research paper as taught in English classes is an artificial construct that has its basis in empiricism, a philosophical system that English teachers no longer understand or accept. Suggests a system of probablistic reasoning developed by eighteenth century philosopher John Locke may be a more useful system for teaching the…

Moran, Michael G.

1984-01-01

34

Lockean Epistemology and the Freshman Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Probabilistic reasoning as developed by John Locke can provide the English teacher with a useful system for teaching the research paper since it consists of four major strategies for probing a subject: (1) the use of maxims or principles, (2) the framing of hypotheses, (3) the use of analogy, and (4) the reliance on authority. However, it is the…

Moran, Michael G.

35

Facilitating Coherence across Qualitative Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bringing the various elements of qualitative research papers into coherent textual patterns presents challenges for authors and editors alike. Although individual sections such as presentation of the problem, review of the literature, methodology, results, and discussion may each be constructed in a sound logical and structural sense, the…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Duffy, Maureen; St. George, Sally; Wulff, Dan

2011-01-01

36

Environmental Education Research News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creation of an environmentally literate citizenry is a goal of environmental education. Examines literacy as an educational concern; discusses the establishment and identification of consensus standards for environmental literacy; and presents attributes of the environmentally literate person. (Contains 10 references.) (MDH)

Disinger, John F.; Roth, Charles E.

1992-01-01

37

HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) at Harvard University has scholars working on housing conditions, international policy issues, and dozens of other areas related to government. This site offers works-in-progress for scholars and others, and visitors are encouraged to search the database, view abstracts of papers, or download the complete paper. The papers found here date back to 2007, and sample titles include "Building Social Capital Through Microfinance", "Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China", and "The Dynamics of Capitalism". Visitors should also take a look at their quarterly Faculty Research Digest, which showcases recent works organized by publication title and research topic. Finally, visitors can also read the user's guide which will help them navigate the contents of the site more efficiently and effectively.

38

Data Management for Environmental Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of managing environmental research data is to develop a resource sufficient for the study and potential solution of environmental problems. Consequently, environmnetal data management must include a broad spectrum of activities ranging from ...

R. H. Strand

1976-01-01

39

Basic research for environmental restoration  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is in the midst of a major environmental restoration effort to reduce the health and environmental risks resulting from past waste management and disposal practices at DOE sites. This report describes research needs in environmental restoration and complements a previously published document, DOE/ER-0419, Evaluation of Mid-to-Long Term Basic Research for Environmental Restoration. Basic research needs have been grouped into five major categories patterned after those identified in DOE/ER-0419: (1) environmental transport and transformations; (2) advanced sampling, characterization, and monitoring methods; (3) new remediation technologies; (4) performance assessment; and (5) health and environmental effects. In addition to basic research, this document deals with education and training needs for environmental restoration. 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-01

40

A decade of research on the environmental impacts of pulp and paper mill effluents in Canada: development and application of fish bioassays.  

PubMed

Laboratory tests have been used to assess the regulatory and research questions related to the effects of pulp mill effluents on aquatic biota. Acute, short-term laboratory tests have clearly shown the improvement in final effluent quality following installation of secondary treatment at Canadian pulp mills. In an effort to predict and investigate impacts on wild fish, laboratory bioassays were developed to examine sublethal endpoints: induction of hepatic mixed function oxygenase activity and reduction of sex steroid concentrations. These laboratory assays have been used to assess whole effluents, specific chemicals, and components of pulp mill processes, and to discriminate between historical and present-day effluent discharges. These tests have shown that induction of mixed-function oxygenase activity and reduction of sex steroid concentrations are produced by effluents from a variety of mill types, with and without chlorine bleaching, in hardwood and softwood pulping facilities, and before and after effluent treatment. These short-term bioassays have enabled reductions in sex steroid concentrations to be linked to mill process streams, and have provided information on effective waste stream treatment. Longer term, life-cycle fish bioassays have shown that chronic exposure to pulp mill effluents commonly results in growth enhancement, liver enlargement, and decreases in gonad size, secondary sex characteristics, and fecundity. These long-term laboratory exposures are able to mimic the most commonly observed alterations of wild fish exposed to pulp mill effluents: increases in condition factors, increases in liver-somatic indices, and decreases in gonadosomatic indices. This pattern of response is a combination of nutrient enrichment with metabolic disruption. The most sensitive and biologically meaningful endpoint is decreased reproduction in fish life-cycle exposures. As the laboratory tests move forward into the next decade, attention will focus on the reproductive endpoints and on the possibility of shortening the fish bioassays while still maintaining sensitivity and biological relevance. PMID:16723329

Parrott, Joanne L; McMaster, Mark E; Hewitt, L Mark

2006-01-01

41

House of Commons Library Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK House of Commons has recently created a site that offers access to the full text of Research Papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) which are compiled for the benefit of British Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library. An occasional series focusing on topics of current parliamentary interest, the papers, "aim to be politically impartial and contain factual information as well as a range of opinions on each subject covered." Recently released titles include: "EU Enlargement: The Political Process," "EU Enlargement: The Financial Consequences," "Northern Ireland: political developments since 1972," "The local elections of 7 May 1998 and the London Referendum," and "Unemployment by Constituency: Welfare-to-work groups - April 1998."

Library., Great B.

1998-01-01

42

Earth's radiation belts. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

This report develops radiation belt transport theory from physical principles and compares the results with experimental data. It also provides an easy reference to the present empirical radiation flux models with some simple application techniques given. Specialized topics include shell-splitting, effects of wave-particle interactions, the ring current, geosynchronous environment, nuclear detonations and radiation effects. Heavy ions are specifically highlighted as a significant component of the radiation belts.

Spjeldvik, W.N.; Rothwell, P.L.

1983-09-20

43

Nuclear methods in environmental and energy research  

SciTech Connect

A total of 75 papers were presented on nuclear methods for analysis of environmental and biological samples. Sessions were devoted to software and mathematical methods; nuclear methods in atmospheric and water research; nuclear and atomic methodology; nuclear methods in biology and medicine; and nuclear methods in energy research.

Vogt, J R [ed.

1980-01-01

44

Investigation of Cause in Pulp and Paper Environmental Effects Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) Programs in Canada have been developed for the pulp and paper and metal min- ing industries. The EEM Program conducts cyclical evaluations of receiving environments to determine whether effects exist when facilities comply with existing regulations. Investigation of cause (IOC) is a specific stage in the EEM Program that is used after environmental effects in fish

L. Mark Hewitt; Monique G. Dubé; Sandra C. Ribey; Joseph M. Culp; Richard Lowell; Kathleen Hedley; Bruce Kilgour; Cameron Portt; Deborah L. MacLatchy; Kelly R. Munkittrick

2005-01-01

45

Applied Information Management (AIM) Institute Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to keep current with the dynamic environment in information technology, education, and economic development, the Applied Information Management (AIM) Institute participates in a variety of research-oriented activities. These research studies focus on survey data that helps identify key characteristics of Nebraska's and surrounding area's information technology environment including trends in the IT department's role, technology usage, educational requirements, and workforce challenges.

2011-09-22

46

Reading Titles of Empirical Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The restricted time allocated to courses and the immediate need to read literature in English necessitates the teaching of selective reading in many English as a foreign language contexts. This paper reports on one element of an expeditious (quick, effective, efficient and selective) reading course for learners in an English for Academic Purposes…

Labassi, Tahar

2009-01-01

47

Abstracts of Research Papers 1977 AAHPER Convention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of abstracts describes papers written on the following topics: (1) Strength Physiology; (2) Learning Disabilities (motor); (3) Physiology - General; (4) Work Capacity; (5) Measurement and Recreation; (6) Biomechanics; (7) Professional Preparation (physical education); (8) Muscle Performance; (9) Sociology of Sport; (10) History of…

Sage, George H., Ed.

48

Better Research, Better Programmes? Cardiff Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lessons learned from Onderwijs un Sociaal Milieu (OSM), or Education and Social Origin, the largest compensation and enrichment program ever developed in The Netherlands, are described in this paper. Although the program did not raise lower class students' standardized test scores to the national level, the program had overly ambitious goals and…

Fase, Willem

49

SESAME/Environmental Research Laboratories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL) have been designated as the basic research group of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). ERL performs an integrated program of research and research services directed toward understanding the geophysical environment, protecting the environment, and improving the forecasting ability of NOAA. Twenty-four laboratories located throughout the United States comprise ERL. The Project SESAME (Severe Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment) Planning Office is a project office within ERL. SESAME is conceived as a joint effort involving NOAA, NASA, NSF, and the atmospheric science community to lay the foundation for improved prediction of severe convective storms. The scientific plan for SESAME includes a phased buildup of analysis, modeling, instrumentation development and procurement, and limited-scale observational activities.

1977-01-01

50

Environmental Research, A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarized in this report are all environmental research projects sponsored by the American Petroleum Institute (API). Included are: (1) status reports on all current projects, (2) published reports on completed projects, together with abstracts of findings, and (3) an organization chart of the Committee for Air and Water Conservation and its…

American Petroleum Inst., Washington, DC. Committee for Air and Water Conservation.

51

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN CHILDREN'S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

PubMed Central

Community engagement strategies and skills can build trust and reduce historical mistrust between researchers, communities and populations being studied, as well as contribute to the quality of study designs, methods and dissemination of findings. This review paper discusses why community engagement is of increasing importance in children’s environmental health research, describes models and the continuum of methods that are used and discusses their challenges and benefits. Two case studies, representing different study designs and using different community engagement models and methods, and lessons learned from these cases are described. Community engagement methods are best understood on a continuum based on the degree to which community members or representatives of community populations are involved in research planning, decision making and dissemination. Methods along this continuum include community consultation, community based participatory research(CBPR) and community consent to research. Community engagement knowledge and skills are especially important in the conduct of children’s environmental health research with its emphasis on reducing environmental risks at the community level; the increasing focus on genetics and gene-environment interactions; and the importance placed on translation of scientific results into behaviors and policies that protect the community. Across study designs, whether qualitative survey research, an observational epidemiology study, or a randomized intervention trial, understanding community interests, norms and values is necessary to describe attitudes and behaviors of specific population groups, build evidence of cause and effect between environmental exposures and health and/or that demonstrate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce risks.

Brenner, Barbara L.; Manice, Melissa P.

2010-01-01

52

78 FR 56817 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order; Referendum Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number AMS-FV-11-0069; FR-B] RIN 0581-AD21 Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information...referendum to determine whether issuance of a proposed Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research...

2013-09-16

53

External Environment Papers. Working Papers of Planning and Development Research. Working Paper 88-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers present the major issues and directions in five areas: (1) the socioeconomic and demographic environment (demography, the economies and labor forces of Canada and of Ontario, and the international and social environments); (2) education (K-12, postsecondary, adult, and the educational media resource market); (3) the broadcast…

TV Ontario, Toronto.

54

International Journal of Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Tehran, the International Journal of Environmental Research (IJER) is "concerned with all aspects of environment." On the journal's homepage, visitors will also learn that some of the specific fields covered within the publication include natural disasters, environmental design, and risk assessment and management. The journal was started in early 2007, and the executive manager is Professor Karbassi. Currently, there are three complete issues of the journal available online, and visitors can also read about the journal's editorial board. Interested parties may also wish to read up on how they can submit their own pieces of scholarly work for consideration.

55

Guidebook for Writers of Research Papers in Industrial Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the guidebook is to provide help for the writing of a good research paper. The quality of the writing of the research paper is in many ways tied in with the quality of the content of the study. Good writing of the research paper increases c...

I. Kauranen M. Aaltonen M. Naumanen M. M. Kaila A. J. Salonen

1992-01-01

56

Environmental quality with endogenous domestic and trade policies 1 This research was conducted while the author was a graduate student and a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA. An earlier version of this paper titled `Environmental protection with policies for sale' appeared as an IATRC Working Paper #97-2, February 1997. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes environmental quality under different policy regimes in a small open political economy model with production or consumption externalities. In contrast to standard theory, it is shown that inefficient trade policies can lead to higher environmental quality than efficient domestic policies. For a production externality, lobbying by a polluting industry results in environmental quality that is lower than

Joachim Schleich

1999-01-01

57

Research papers and publications (1981-1987): Workload research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of the research reports written by participants in NASA's Workload Research Program since 1981 is presented, representing the results of theoretical and applied research conducted at Ames Research Center and at universities and industrial laboratories funded by the program. The major program elements included: 1) developing an understanding of the workload concept; 2) providing valid, reliable, and practical measures of workload; and 3) creating a computer model to predict workload. The goal is to provide workload-related design principles, measures, guidelines, and computational models. The research results are transferred to user groups by establishing close ties with manufacturers, civil and military operators of aerospace systems, and regulatory agencies; publishing scientific articles; participating in and sponsoring workshops and symposia; providing information, guidelines, and computer models; and contributing to the formulation of standards. In addition, the methods and theories developed have been applied to specific operational and design problems at the request of a number of industry and government agencies.

Hart, Sandra G. (compiler)

1987-01-01

58

Researching Schools' Contributions to Sustainable Development: Perspectives on Environmental Education and Environmental Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a proposal for an international research initiative [DREAMS-Direct Research in Education And environmental Management in Schools] which aims to develop an indicative methodology for evaluating the contribution of environmental management systems to the 'implementation of sustainable development' in schools. The research

Scott, William; Gough, Stephen; Reid, Alan

59

Dealing with Environmental Issues: The Use of Simulation. Environmental Education Occasional Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper provides a rationale for using a decision-making model in teaching environmental issues, outlines specific steps in creating a simulation, and illustrates its use in the classroom. The objectives of environmental education are to provide learning opportunities for students to know, think, choose, and act regarding pervasive social issues…

Patton, William E.; Wilen, William W.

60

Boning up for the Research Paper: A Mock Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research papers produced by students in college composition classes are often boring, poorly written, and disappointing. One way to help students overcome their inability to write decent research reports is to assign them the task of handing in a three page trial-run mock research paper about three weeks before the final essay is due. They must…

Boyle, Kevin

61

The "Research Paper" Prompt: A Dialogic Opportunity for Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The treatment of a research paper as an isolated utterance within a composition classroom is problematic in that such papers may fail to encourage transfer of writing knowledge. In this essay, I argue that a research paper's failure to work as a utterance situated within a conversation--as critiqued through a framework constructed by Mikhail…

Dirk, Kerry

2012-01-01

62

A model for conducting experimental environmental accounting research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to survey the research methods employed in the extant environmental accounting literature, finding few experimental studies. The need for more experimentation in the literature is discussed, as well as how experiments' unique methodological advantages can help address important environmental accounting issues. These issues culminate in a proposed model for conducting experimental environmental

Hank C. Alewine

2010-01-01

63

Undergraduate research semester internship fall 1999 abstracts and research papers  

SciTech Connect

The Undergraduate Research Semester (URS) program provides a unique and challenging off-campus research opportunity for upper-division university undergraduate and pre-grad-school students in science, mathematics, and engineering. This internship program is a partnership between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories (New Mexico and California), and Los Alamos National Laboratory, to provide 75+ (annually) science and engineering undergraduates a rich research experience in this collaborative program. The URS project supports the DP mission through ensuring a scientifically and technically literate citizenry, and contributes to the development of a highly skilled, diverse scientific workforce, with experience, exposure and increased awareness and support for the DP science/technology and Science Based Stockpile Stewardship.

Brown, S; Capaldi, L; Garcia, M A; Kahn, S S; Monbleau, D N; Nault, D; Nicks, N; Ho, M; Tran, N L

1999-12-01

64

Research Papers without Fear: Seven Simple Steps for Reluctant Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that the key to making research writing something students are eager to learn is the instructor's enthusiasm and skill in gathering irresistible ideas and prompts to pique students' curiosity. Presents seven steps to help students write research papers. (RS)

Whitehouse, Ann M.

1994-01-01

65

71 FR 16699 - Environmental Protection Research Fellowships and Special Research Consultants for Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania...publication, we are publishing a separate document that will serve as...fellowships in environmental protection research, appoint fellows...to advise on environmental protection research) if adverse...

2006-04-04

66

Atmospheric, climatic and environmental research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work performed on the three tasks during the report period is summarized. The climate and atmospheric modeling studies included work on climate model development and applications, paleoclimate studies, climate change applications, and SAGE II. Climate applications of Earth and planetary observations included studies on cloud climatology and planetary studies. Studies on the chemistry of the Earth and the environment are briefly described. Publications based on the above research are listed; two of these papers are included in the appendices.

Broecker, Wallace S.; Gornitz, Vivien M.

1992-01-01

67

Prove Your Case: A New Approach to Teaching Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a new approach to teaching the process of writing research papers to college freshmen. Instructors explain the analogy that a student writing a research paper is like a lawyer defending a court case: lawyers frame their case (as students define their topic), search out evidence (as students search for sources), present the…

Broskoske, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

68

Environmental Design: Research, Theory, and Application. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association (10th).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assembled collection contains research reports (with an abstract) and, in many cases, abstracts only of unpublished papers grouped under the following topics in environmental design: (1) perception and preference, (2) social-environmental issues, (3) urban environments, (4) housing and residential environments, (5) theory, (6) research

Seidel, Andrew D., Ed.; Danford, Scott, Ed.

69

Interactions between operational research and environmental management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth is frequently considered to be in conflict with sustainable development and environmental quality. Therefore, a decision maker needs to know how to deal with the environmental issues that come around. This article aims to inform Operational Researchers of the possibilities of incorporating environmental issues when analyzing industrial supply chains and to inform environmental scientists more generally of the

Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard; Paul van Beek; Leen Hordijk; Luk N. Van Wassenhove

1995-01-01

70

Behaviorist EE Research: Environmentalism as Individualism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article continues a dialogue about the nature of environmental education research by establishing the behaviorist nature of the dominant approach to environmental education research and exploring implications for environmentalism of one aspect of the politics of methods of this dominant behaviorist approach--the tendency to individualize the…

Robottom, Ian; Hart, Paul

1995-01-01

71

Summer Undergraduate Research Program: Environmental studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the summer undergraduate internship program for research in environmental studies is to provide an opportunity for well-qualified students to undertake an original research project as an apprentice to an active research scientist in basic e...

J. McMillan

1994-01-01

72

Improving library research papers in undergraduate science classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

After several years of trial and error, I have developed a method to generate consistently good library research papers in undergraduate science classes, papers that show thought and integrate information. It is based, in part, on treating the student papers as journal article submissions. There are five steps to the procedure which are spaced throughout the semester to ensure that

Suzanne O'Connell

1996-01-01

73

National Exposure Research Laboratory: Environmental Sciences Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of the Office of Research and Development's National Exposure Research Laboratory conducts research, development, and technology transfer programs on environmental exposures to ecological and human receptors." Chemists can discover ESD's methods for characterizing chemical stressors and its research and monitoring of contamination. Researchers can download various models for contaminate transport, data analysis, and environmental assessments. The website provides many online scientific articles dealing with ESD's projects including spatial interpolations, the Trace Organic Analysis, and the use of a mass spectrometer in environmental forensics.

74

Issues in Perceived Environmental Quality Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication reports on a series of research workshops which examined the place of environmental perception in a comprehensive system of indices for assessing and monitoring trends in environmental quality. The specific objectives were to (1) define t...

K. H. Craik E. H. Zube

1975-01-01

75

Global environmental change research: empowering developing countries.  

PubMed

This paper discusses ways to reconcile the United Nations Millennium Development Goals with environmental sustainability at the national and international levels. The authors argue that development and better use of sustainability relevant knowledge is key, and that this requires capacity building globally, and especially in the less developed regions of the world. Also essential is stronger integration of high-quality knowledge creation and technology--and policy--development, including, importantly, the creation of centers of excellence in developing regions which effectively use and produce applications-directed high quality research and bring it to bear on decision making and practices related to environmental change and sustainable management of natural resources. The authors argue that Southern centers of excellence are a necessary first step for bottom-up societal transformation towards sustainability, and that such centers must help design innovative ways to assess and place value on ecosystem services. PMID:18797803

Nobre, Carlos A; Lahsen, Myanna; Ometto, Jean P H B

2008-09-01

76

SERS internship Fall 1992--Spring 1993: Abstract and research papers  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the abstracts and research papers by students on a variety of topics in engineering, genetics, solid state physics, thermonuclear energy, astrophysics, and other science related topics.

Not Available

1993-08-05

77

A Computer Data Base System for Indexing Research Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents a significant revision to NBS Technical Note 1123 published in 1980. In that report, the Kaetzel, Glass, Smith (KGS) data base system permitted users to index, edit, classify, and retrieve scientific research paper citations. During...

J. T. Calabrese L. J. Kaetzel R. A. Glass G. R. Smith

1982-01-01

78

Teaching the Research Paper through Inquiry-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The freshman research paper can be a labor for both the teacher and the student with its many layers of skills and expectations. While academia has moved beyond note cards and simplified documentation models, students continue to get lost in the research process, often to the point that instructors may even wonder if they had been teaching in an…

Zeek, Sara

2011-01-01

79

A Lightweight Approach to Semantic Annotation of Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel application of a semantic annotation system, named Cerno, to analyze research publications in electronic format. Specifically, we address the problem of providing automatic support for authors who need to deal with large volumes of research documents. To this end, we have developed Biblio, a user-friendly tool based on Cerno. The tool directs the user's attention

Nicola Zeni; Nadzeya Kiyavitskaya; Luisa Mich; John Mylopoulos; James R. Cordy

2007-01-01

80

Radiation Effects Research Foundation Bibliography of Published Papers, 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography lists the titles of a total of 75 papers published by members of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in 1986 (three of them published in 1985). The papers cover; 'The central nervous system and in utero exposure to ionizing radiatio...

1987-01-01

81

Environmental Education and Training in Brazil. Discussion Paper No. 84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazilian environmental education and training experience is recent but has a concrete base of generating awareness among all levels of the population and also aims to train people to protect, control and manage the use of environmental resources. Several visits were made by the author to organizations, enterprises and institutions from federal,…

Bruan, Ricardo

82

Partnership for Environmental Technology Education. Discussion Paper No. 106.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for broad cooperative effort directed toward the enhancement of science and mathematics education, including environmental science and technology, has been recognized as a national priority in the United States by government, industry, and the academic community. In an effort to address this need, the Partnership for Environmental

Dickinson, Paul R.

83

Environmental Research Laboratories Publication Abstracts, FY 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the research arm of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL) support the present responsibilities and the development of future services of NOAA. Programs include investigation of ocean p...

1991-01-01

84

Integrated research: concepts of connection in environmental science and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The idea of integration in research has risen rapidly in both environmental science and public environmental policy since the mid-1990s, and has encouraged innovative relationships between scientists and practitioners in a range of contexts. Yet the concept of integration is broad and ambiguous, which inhibits efforts to learn from these innovations. In this paper I review the different concepts

Lorrae van Kerkhoff

85

ADVANCES IN MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH: PROCEEDINGS OF A SYMPOSIUM  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume is a collection of the invited papers presented on the occasion of the dedication in June, 1977 of a major addition to the EPA Environmental Research Laboratory at Narragansett, RI. Studies of the biological effects of environmental perturbations dominate the collectio...

86

A Position Paper on CAI Research and Development. A Series Two Paper from ERIC at Stanford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a critical review of the papers on Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) of several prominent educators, recommendations are proffered for CAI systems improvements prior to new research. These include replacing the typed message with an inexpensive cathode ray tube, developing the student interface as an efficient and pleasant carrel which…

Feldhusen, John H.; Lorton, Paul, Jr.

87

A white paper: NASA virtual environment research, applications, and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research support for Virtual Environment technology development has been a part of NASA's human factors research program since 1985. Under the auspices of the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST), initial funding was provided to the Aerospace Human Factors Research Division, Ames Research Center, which resulted in the origination of this technology. Since 1985, other Centers have begun using and developing this technology. At each research and space flight center, NASA missions have been major drivers of the technology. This White Paper was the joint effort of all the Centers which have been involved in the development of technology and its applications to their unique missions. Appendix A is the list of those who have worked to prepare the document, directed by Dr. Cynthia H. Null, Ames Research Center, and Dr. James P. Jenkins, NASA Headquarters. This White Paper describes the technology and its applications in NASA Centers (Chapters 1, 2 and 3), the potential roles it can take in NASA (Chapters 4 and 5), and a roadmap of the next 5 years (FY 1994-1998). The audience for this White Paper consists of managers, engineers, scientists and the general public with an interest in Virtual Environment technology. Those who read the paper will determine whether this roadmap, or others, are to be followed.

Null, Cynthia H. (editor); Jenkins, James P. (editor)

1993-01-01

88

Center for Research in Security Prices Working Paper Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) was founded in 1960 by James H. Lorie and Lawrence Fisher, Professors at the University of Chicago, Graduate School of Business to "advance research in operations of security markets." CRSP compiles standard and derived security data concerning the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ stock markets, and maintains a list of current staff working papers for academic and commercial use [.pdf]. At present, thirty papers cover topics of market efficiency, stock diversification, and bank deregulation among others. A bibliography of reprints locates other titles in publications such as The Journal of Monetary Economics and The Journal of Finance.

1998-01-01

89

European Community research on environmental mutagenesis and carcinogenesis.  

PubMed Central

Within the 12 Member States of the European Community (EC), environmental policy is now formulated primarily at Community level. As a result, the EC has important regulatory responsibilities for the protection of workers, consumers, and the general public from risks that may arise from environmental chemicals, foremost among them potential carcinogens and mutagens. An important part of EC environmental research and development is intended to provide a scientific basis for these regulations as well as increasing understanding of the basic mechanisms involved in environmental carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. This paper contains a brief introduction to EC environment policy and research, followed by an overview of EC chemicals control activities that are of particular relevance to the research and development program. Community-level research on environmental mutagenesis and carcinogenesis is then reviewed in some detail, including the achievements of recent projects, the scientific content of the current program, and perspectives for the future.

Sors, A I

1993-01-01

90

Creating a Knowledge Base of Biological Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

develop will be applicable to other branches of molecular biology. We are focusing on the Materials and Methods sections of these papers, as being both typical of texts in experimental biology and sufficiently narrow and patterned to be amenable to knowledge engineering techniques. Intelligent text-oriented tools for representing and searching the biological research literature are being developed, which combine object-oriented

Carole D. Hafner; Kenneth Baclawski; Robert P. Futrelle; Natalya Fridman Noy; Shobana Sampath

1994-01-01

91

Putting the Past into the Present through Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to have freshman composition students review and strengthen their research and documentation skills, they are asked to write 700 to 1,000-word papers synthesizing from sources such as anthologies, journals, government documents, films, biographies, almanacs, and interviews. Three assignments require the students to gather information…

Demerly, Ed

92

Just the FAQs: An Alternative to Teaching the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing the form of the traditional research paper often results in a greater emphasis on inquiry or FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). An alternative form of presentation that capitalizes on available technology and requires students to develop their thinking, reading, writing and presentation skills is presented.

Strickland, James

2004-01-01

93

Sport, Health, Fitness and Dance. AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of symposium papers provides current synthesis of research in the field of physical education and health. In this volume the physiological aspects of physical activities are discussed. The effects of chronic heavy physical training in swimming are examined, comparing age groups and males and females. Stress factors are also…

Corbin, Charles B., Ed.

94

Qualitative methods in environmental health research.  

PubMed Central

Public health researchers increasingly turn to qualitative methods either on their own or in combination with quantitative methods. Qualitative methods are especially important to community environmental health research, as they provide a way to produce community narratives that give voice to individuals and characterize the community in a full and complex fashion. This article first traces the legacy of qualitative research in environmental health, then uses a case study of the author's experiences studying the Woburn, Massachusetts, childhood leukemia cluster to provide personal and scholarly insights on qualitative approaches. That material then informs a discussion of important components of qualitative methods in environmental health research, including flexible study design, access, trust, empathy, and personal shifts in the researcher's worldview, bias, and the nature of the researcher's roles. A concluding discussion addresses issues in funding policy and research practices.

Brown, Phil

2003-01-01

95

Incorporating interactive three-dimensional graphics in astronomy research papers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most research data collections created or used by astronomers are intrinsically multi-dimensional. In contrast, all visual representations of data presented within research papers are exclusively two-dimensional (2D). We present a resolution of this dichotomy that uses a novel technique for embedding three-dimensional (3D) visualisations of astronomy data sets in electronic-format research papers. Our technique uses the latest Adobe Portable Document Format extensions together with a new version of the S2PLOT programming library. The 3D models can be easily rotated and explored by the reader and, in some cases, modified. We demonstrate example applications of this technique including: 3D figures exhibiting subtle structure in redshift catalogues, colour-magnitude diagrams and halo merger trees; 3D isosurface and volume renderings of cosmological simulations; and 3D models of instructional diagrams and instrument designs.

Barnes, David G.; Fluke, Christopher J.

2008-11-01

96

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 47th Annual meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was produced by the ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education in cooperation with the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) to provide abstracts of most of the papers presented at the NARST annual conference in Chicago, Illinois, on April 15-18, 1974. The…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

97

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 48th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was produced by the ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education in cooperation with the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) to provide abstracts of most of the papers presented at the 48th annual conference in Los Angeles, California, March 17-19, 1975. The…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

98

Cellulose based electro-active papers: performance and environmental effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electro-active paper (EAPap) is attractive as an electro-active polymer (EAP) actuator material due to its low weight, dry condition, large displacement output, low actuation voltage and low power consumption and biodegradability. EAPap is made from cellulose. Cellulose fibre is dissolved into a solution and made into a sheet, then thin electrodes are deposited on the cellulose paper to make an

Jaehwan Kim; Chun-Seok Song; Sung-Ryul Yun

2006-01-01

99

Lost in the Ashes: A Case Study Demonstrating the Importance of Embracing the Share Economy for Environmental and Scientific Journalism A Research Paper Submitted for the INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ONLINE JOURNALISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the economic downturn in the American market, many U.S. news organizations are unable to perform their social role at the previous scope and scale, and have reduced staffing, coverage and services to their consumers. Specialty beats like science and environmental reporting have been hit particularly hard, and some national news organizations (such as CNN) have cut such specialty

J. Richard Stevens

100

Environmental physiology research presented at ICEE2013  

PubMed Central

The 15th International Conference on Environmental Ergonomics, Queenstown, New Zealand, February 11 to 15, 2013 (ICEE2013) brought together researchers interested in work and exercise physiology, safety, comfort and performance in various stressful and extreme environments.

2013-01-01

101

National Environmental Research Center/Program Directory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This new Directory replaces the OR&D Technical Personnel Access Directory and the Laboratory Operations Division publication, National Environmental Research Center Directory. Following is a description of the contents: OR&D Organizational Directory - thi...

1974-01-01

102

International Research: Its Role in Environmental Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an international research laboratory to investigate environmental factors in human health. By international cooperation unnecessary duplication and waste of resources can be avoided and long-term studies can examine various world-wide environments. (JM)

Higginson, John

1970-01-01

103

Environmental Systems Research, FY-99 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The purpose for strengthening technical capabilities of the INEEL is to provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM). The original portfolio of research activities was assembled after an analysis of the EM technology development and science needs as gathered by the Site Technology Coordination Groups (STCGs) complex-wide. Current EM investments in science and technology throughout the research community were also included in this analysis to avoid duplication of efforts. This is a progress report for the second year of the ESR Program (Fiscal Year 99). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (a) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (b) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (c) Materials Dynamics, (d) Characterization Science, and (e) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas, are described.

Miller, David Lynn

2000-01-01

104

Environmental Systems Research FY-99 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The purpose for strengthening technical capabilities of the INEEL is to provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM). The original portfolio of research activities was assembled after an analysis of the EM technology development and science needs as gathered by the Site Technology Coordination Groups (STCGs) complex-wide. Current EM investments in science and technology throughout the research community were also included in this analysis to avoid duplication of efforts. This is a progress report for the second year of the ESR Program (Fiscal Year 99). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (a) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (b) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (c) Materials Dynamics, (d) Characterization Science, and (e) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas, are described.

Miller, D.L.

2000-01-01

105

Environmental research program. 1992 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to contribute to the understanding of the formation, mitigation, transport, transformation, and ecological effects of energy-related pollutants on the environment. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental and applied research in chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and ecology. The program undertakes research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollution abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group investigates combustion, atmospheric processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Not Available

1993-07-01

106

University Libraries and Other General Research Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papers on university and other research libraries, presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) 'The Impact of Technology on Users of Academic and Research Libraries,' in which C. Lee Jones (United...

1983-01-01

107

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

108

Pulp and paper research energized by DOE and IPST  

SciTech Connect

The DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) announced its partnerships with the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research, University of Florida, Weyerhaeuser Co., and Wood Industries Co. for cost-shared projects to study the production of ethanol form dedicated energy crops and forestry product wastes. Weyerhaeuser, in collaboration with Amoco Corp., proposes to investigate expanding the use of biomass at the Weyerhaeuser facility in New Bern, NC. Weyerhaeuser will provide saw-mill wastes and other forestry residues to produce ethanol and electricity which would help the forestry industry attain self-sufficiency. Wood Industries Co. (WICO) of Visalia, CA, proposes to operate a 100-acre demofarm using plantation crops of seed sorghum, kenaf and hybrid poplar, willow, and eucalyptus to produce ethanol for gasoline blending and solid fuel for generating electricity. WICO will investigate cost-reduction strategies for the biomass-to-energy process. According to IPST (Institute of Paper Science and Technology) President Richard A. Matula, the institute's research efforts can be categorized as follows: Fundamental, long-term research; Applied, mid-term research; Commercialization of new technology; and Process engineering products.

Not Available

1994-09-01

109

Atmospheric, climatic and environmental research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted during the past year in the climate and atmospheric modeling programs was focused on the development of appropriate atmospheric and upper ocean models, and preliminary applications of these models. Prinicpal models are a one-dimensional radiative-convection model, a three-dimensional global climate model, and an upper ocean model. Principal application is the study of the impact of CO2, aerosols and the solar constant on climate. Also the performance of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud detection algorithm was evaluated, concentrating initially on its application to geosynchronous data, with an eventual switch of the developed methodologies to data from polar orbiting satellites. In the process, a number of improvements were made, in particular: an improved technique for tracking small scale day to day variability in clear sky continental temperatures; a number of techniques for the statistical assessment of cloud detection uncertainties due to cloud types which are spatially and temporally invariant; and a method used to detect those cloudy regions which have long term spatial and temporal stability.

Broecker, W. S.; Fung, I.

1986-01-01

110

Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multi-disciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally-benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Brown, N.J.

1995-04-01

111

Research on Environmental Health Interventions: Ethical Problems and Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a variety of ethical issues one must consider when conducting research on environmental health interventions on human subjects. The paper uses the Kennedy Krieger Institute lead abatement study as well as a hypothetical asthma study to discuss questions concerning benefits and risks, risk minimization, safety monitoring, the duty to warn, the duty to report, the use of

DAVID B. RESNIK; DARRYL C. ZELDIN; RICHARD R. SHARP

2005-01-01

112

Environmental practices for biomedical research facilities.  

PubMed Central

As a result of the Leadership Conference on Biomedical Research and the Environment, the Facilities Committee focused its work on the development of best environmental practices at biomedical research facilities at the university and independent research facility level as well as consideration of potential involvement of for-profit companies and government agencies. The designation "facilities" includes all related buildings and grounds, "green auditing" of buildings and programs, purchasing of furnishings and sources, energy efficiency, and engineering services (lighting, heating, air conditioning), among other activities. The committee made a number of recommendations, including development of a national council for environmental stewardship in biomedical research, development of a system of green auditing of such research facilities, and creation of programs for sustainable building and use. In addition, the committee recommended extension of education and training programs for environmental stewardship, in cooperation with facilities managers, for all research administrators and researchers. These programs would focus especially on graduate fellows and other students, as well as on science labs at levels K--12.

Medlin, E L; Grupenhoff, J T

2000-01-01

113

Can Public Research Universities Compete? Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.17.06  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many leaders of public research universities worry about falling behind private research universities at a time when private university finances have improved dramatically and state support for higher education has declined. In this paper, I provide grounds for a more optimistic view of the competitive position of public research universities. I…

Brint, Steven

2006-01-01

114

Jaetepaperin Polton Ympaeristoevaikutukset Systeemiratkaisuna (System Analysis of Environmental Impacts of the Combustion of Waste Paper).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Combustion alternatives of diffrent waste paper grades that are unsuitable or difficult to recycle were studied. Environmental impacts of alternative methods of waste paper treatment - combustion, dump disposal and use for fibre raw material - were studie...

R. Palanterae

1996-01-01

115

77 FR 40353 - Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2985-008 Massachusetts] Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc; Notice of Availability of Environmental...No. 486, 52 FR 47897), Commission staff has reviewed the Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.'s application for surrender of...

2012-07-09

116

Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program of the Governments of Canada and Alberta aims to establish baseline data on aquatic and terrestrial fauna, meteorology, and air and water quality. Air research topics include plume dispersion, chemical constitution and transformation within plumes, and the deposition of pollutants. Land system research covers subjects such as the effects of airborne emissions, soil chemistry, biochemical and physiological responses of vegetation and sulfur pathways, which are being studied with a sulfur isotope technique. Water system research topics involve mine tailings, saline waters from mine depressurization, natural river waters that flow through bitumen deposits, the effects of industrial waters on stream biota, and toxicological aspects of industrial contaiminants. The program, which began in 1975, has identified significant environmental effects owing to current oil sands developments.

Macdonald, W.R.; Sandhu, H.S.; Bottenheim, J.W.; Munson, B.

1980-01-01

117

Twenty-one years of social and environmental accountability research: A coming of age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends upon previous research into the profile and direction of social and environmental accounting research, analysing and critiquing 21 years of contemporary research in social and environmental accounting published particularly in four leading interdisciplinary accounting research journals covering the period 1988–2002 inclusive. It reflects upon selected seminal papers on the field, and presents an empirical analysis of SEA

Lee D. Parker

2011-01-01

118

78 FR 57005 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commodity Promotion, Research and Information...industry-funded research, promotion and...2010 to oversee development of the program...agricultural commodity research and promotion orders...commodities, develop new uses for agricultural...establishment of a board or council from among...

2013-09-16

119

78 FR 187 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commodity Promotion, Research and Information...industry-funded research, promotion and...2010 to oversee development of the program...approval by the OMB of new information collection...agricultural commodity research and promotion orders...establishment of a board or council from among...

2013-01-02

120

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

121

Nortel's green design research project environmental telephone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1995, Nortel (Northern Telecom Ltd.) has made several environmental achievements, including: a lead-free interconnection technology; use of a nonhalogenated flame retardant for printed circuit broads; and a reduction in the diversity of plastics in telephones. In 1997, Nortel decided to consolidate these achievements into one green design research project, using a telephone as a predictive model. The purpose of

W. Trumble; M. Frenette

1998-01-01

122

Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself

Daniel M Kammen

2008-01-01

123

Qualitative Methods in Research on Teaching. Occasional Paper No. 81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic issues concerning interpretive research, and theories and methods of using interpretive research to study teaching are discussed. The concept of interpretive research may also be known as ethnographic, qualitative, participant observational, case study, symbolic interactionist, phenomenological, or constructivist. Interpretive research

Erickson, Frederick

124

University Libraries and Other General Research Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on university and other research libraries, presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "The Impact of Technology on Users of Academic and Research Libraries," in which C. Lee Jones (United States) focuses on the impact of technical advances in computing and telecommunication…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

125

Authorship of research papers: ethical and professional issues for short-term researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has published clear guidance on the authorship of scientific papers, short-term contract research workers, who perform much of the research that is reported in the biomedical literature, are often at a disadvantage in terms of recognition, reward and career progression. This article identifies several professional, ethical and operational issues associated with the

A Newman; R Jones

2006-01-01

126

SERS internship: Spring 1994 abstracts and research papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains abstracts from the science and engineering research semester at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Projects cover many areas, including contaminant removal from the environment, physics, and genetics research. Individual pr...

B. Goldman

1994-01-01

127

White Paper: NASA Virtual Environment Research, Applications, and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research support for Virtual Environment technology development has been a part of NASA's human factors research program since 1985. Under the auspices of the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST), initial funding was provided to the Aerospace...

C. H. Null J. P. Jenkins

1993-01-01

128

Environmental Education in Three German-Speaking Countries: Tensions and Challenges for Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore a series of issues and tensions raised by the papers in this Special Issue of "Environmental Education Research." This papers focus on developments in environmental education and ESD research in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In order to provide an alternative framework for contextualising and understanding the…

Nikel, Jutta; Reid, Alan

2006-01-01

129

Federal Support of Academic Research. Working Paper, Preliminary Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to the subject of federal support to academic research is presented. It is noted that total federal support to academic research in fiscal 1976 came to roughly $4.5 billion, close to a third of all federal dollars spent on higher education. Top universities receive 25 percent or more of their operating budgets from federal research

White, Geoffrey

130

An Overview of the Research Base of PLATO. Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional educators demand that their methods and instructional resources be soundly based on research and theory. From its origins nearly 40 years ago, the PLATO[R] system has built the largest base of basic research on computer-based learning in the field. Beginning with research funded by the National Science Foundation and conducted at the…

Foshay, Rob

131

NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) works with a range of public sector and industry partners to "conduct innovative research on the dynamic environments and ecosystems of the Great Lakes" in order to produce information for resource use and management decisions. From its homepage, visitors can explore the CoastWatch program which includes large data sets about the Great Lakes, sophisticated images, and contour maps. Moving on, the Publications area contains annual reports, fact sheets, poster presentations, and more. The site is rounded out by a host of photo galleries and web cams placed in various locations, including Muskegon, Alpena, and Michigan City.

132

Environmental Contaminants in Food. Volume II-Part B: Working Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume contains working papers written for Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) to assist in preparation of the report Environmental Contaminants in Food. The contents include: (1) Toxic substances in food information systems: design and management;...

1980-01-01

133

75 FR 6377 - Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2985-006] Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment February 2, 2010. In accordance with...

2010-02-09

134

The Effectiveness of Career Guidance Approaches. Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Educational Research Unit Project ITL2 Study A in Singapore was quasi-experimental research designed to measure the effectiveness of non-traditional personnel and resource material package in developmental career guidance. Comparisons were made between experimental group and control group, and group guidance and individual counseling. The…

Lui, Hah Wah Elena

135

Review of NCVER Building Researcher Capacity Initiative. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In mid-2010 NCVER undertook a review of its building researcher capacity initiative in order to inform its direction into the future. The review found that the initiative had achieved a high profile among vocational education and training (VET) practitioners. The scholarship programs had heightened awareness about the role research can play in…

Bartram, Ashlea; Stanwick, John; Loveder, Phil

2010-01-01

136

Content Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education: 18 Years of Academic Publishing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the history of the "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) journal in terms of its sustainable future. The development of geographical and environmental education is evaluated, as reflected from the papers published in the journal "IRGEE". A content analysis of all papers and forum sections…

Kidman, Gillian; Papadimitriou, Fivos

2012-01-01

137

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. State Regulatory Strategies Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two papers consider state regulation of the telecommunications industry. The first paper, "Managing the Mixed Bag: Incentive Regulation at the State Level" (Gail Garfield Schwartz, Deputy Chairman, New York State Public Service Commission), describes New York State's regulatory policies in the broader context of the best ways for state regulators…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

138

Geographic information systems: their use in environmental epidemiologic research.  

PubMed Central

Advances in geographic information system (GIS) technology, developed by geographers, provide new opportunities for environmental epidemiologists to study associations between environmental exposures and the spatial distribution of disease. A GIS is a powerful computer mapping and analysis technology capable of integrating large quantities of geographic (spatial) data as well as linking geographic with nongeographic data (e.g., demographic information, environmental exposure levels). In this paper we provide an overview of some of the capabilities and limitations of GIS technology; we illustrate, through practical examples, the use of several functions of a GIS including automated address matching, distance functions, buffer analysis, spatial query, and polygon overlay; we discuss methods and limitations of address geocoding, often central to the use of a GIS in environmental epidemiologic research; and we suggest ways to facilitate its use in future studies. Collaborative efforts between epidemiologists, biostatisticians, environmental scientists, GIS specialists, and medical geographers are needed to realize the full potential of GIS technology in environmental health research and may lead to innovative solutions to complex questions. Images p598-a Figure 2. Figure 3. A Figure 3. B Figure 3. C Figure 3. D Figure 3. E

Vine, M F; Degnan, D; Hanchette, C

1997-01-01

139

Radiation Effects Research Foundation Bibliography of Published Papers, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report lists the titles and authors of the reports of studies made under the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. The list include 87 studies, which cover 'immunological diagnosis of lung cancer', 'electrophoretic variants of haptoglobin found in th...

1988-01-01

140

In situ gamma spectroscopy in environmental research and monitoring.  

PubMed

In situ gamma spectroscopy was introduced to determine the outdoor gamma dose rate from soil and to calculate the radionuclide concentration and the relative contribution to the dose rate. This paper reviews the most common and proven applications of in situ gamma spectroscopy-together with the most recent and innovative research outcomes obtained with this technique, particularly for its use indoors. Advantages and limitations of its utilization to assess environmental radioactivity-indoors and outdoors-are also discussed. PMID:18511287

Nuccetelli, Cristina

2008-11-01

141

Environmental research program. 1995 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and noncriteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems. Combustion chemistry research emphasizes modeling at microscopic and macroscopic scales. At the microscopic scale, functional sensitivity analysis is used to explore the nature of the potential-to-dynamics relationships for reacting systems. Rate coefficients are estimated using quantum dynamics and path integral approaches. At the macroscopic level, combustion processes are modelled using chemical mechanisms at the appropriate level of detail dictated by the requirements of predicting particular aspects of combustion behavior. Parallel computing has facilitated the efforts to use detailed chemistry in models of turbulent reacting flow to predict minor species concentrations.

Brown, N.J.

1996-06-01

142

The Institutional Costs of Student Attrition. Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on attrition has focused on the economic consequences of low graduation rates in terms of costs to students and families (from tuition and fees that do not culminate in a credential), lost time, and income and tax losses from low educational attainment in the workforce. However, no systematic attention has been given to another…

Johnson, Nate

2012-01-01

143

The Troubled Waters of Communication Research: A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that faculty members in communication departments or schools of journalism and mass communication must navigate between the Scylla of diminishing faculty lines and the Charybdis of the turbulent waters of academic scholarship. Examines problems faced by journalism and communication researchers and places their work in a contemporary…

Leslie, Larry Z.

1998-01-01

144

Civil Aviation Research and Development Policy Study. Supporting Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains the results of a series of analyses made as part of the Joint DOT-NASA Civil Aviation Research and Development Policy Study. The sections in this document cover a variety of subjects, some technical - which relate directly to civil ...

1971-01-01

145

Catastrophe Theory in Higher Education Research. AIR Forum 1981 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The applicability of catastrophe theory to research in higher education is considered, with several problems that typically appear in the literature presented in a theoretical framework. A catastrophe model is attempted for each. The nature of mathematical modeling and the relationship between modeling continuous systems and discontinuous systems…

Staman, E. Michael

146

Environmental and economic policy analysis of waste paper trade and recycling in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive case study of Mumbai (Bombay), India was undertaken to investigate the economic, social and environmental impact of international trade of waste paper for recycling purposes between industrialised and developing countries. Analysis of a Western approach vis-a-vis informal policy for waste paper recovery concludes that employment is maximum under informal policy measure and public response plays an important role

Vinod K Sharma; Pieter van Beukering; Barnali Nag

1997-01-01

147

ISO 14001 certification and environmental performance in Quebec's pulp and paper industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests whether adopting the international norm ISO 14001 significantly impacts environmental performance in Quebec's pulp and paper industry. Using monthly data collected from 37 plants between 1997 and 2003, we show that: (i) ISO certification does not lead to a reduction in total suspended solid emissions or in quantity of rejected process water; (ii) discharge of biological oxygen

Philippe Barla

2007-01-01

148

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Standards and Standardization Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three papers consider various models and mechanisms for the achievement of industrial standardization. The first, "Duopoly Compatibility Standards with Partial Cooperation and Standards Leadership" (Sanford V. Berg, University of Florida) presents a model of duopolists producing differentiated substitutes, and considers the equilibrium…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

149

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Computer and Communications Security Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his paper, "European Needs and Attitudes towards Information Security," Richard I. Polis notes that the needs for security in computer systems, telecommunications, and media are rather uniform throughout Western Europe, and are seen as being significantly different from the needs in the United States. Recognition of these needs is, however,…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

150

Research Issues in Information and Public Policy. Occasional Paper 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the very timely issue of national information policy, particularly in view of the pending second White House Conference on Libraries and Information Services in July 1991. Information policy is examined from economic, political, and social points of view and the national government is urged to address the challenging task of…

Galvin, Thomas J.

151

Parliamentary Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on parliamentary and legislative libraries presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Parliamentary Libraries and Networks," a brief overview by Dermot Englefield (United Kingdom) of the position of legislative libraries in national networks, the extent of legislative library…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

152

National Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on national library services and activities, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "The National Library of China in its Gradual Application of Modern Technology," a discussion by Zhu Nan and Zhu Yan (China) of microform usage and library automation; (2) "The…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

153

New Technology Industries. Skills Task Force Research Paper 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the growth of new technology industries in Great Britain and the skills needed for these industries. The industries are advanced materials, biotechnology, and opto-electronics. The report profiles the current status, expected growth, and skills needed for each of these industry sectors. It also points out the…

Hendry, Chris

154

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Capital Recovery Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two papers consider the capital recovery difficulties of telephone companies in the current deregulatory environment. The first, "Capital Recovery in the Transition Period" (Gail Garfield Schwartz, New York State Public Service Commission) describes the process determining depreciation in both regulated and deregulated environments, and argues…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

155

Siderophores in environmental research: roles and applications  

PubMed Central

Siderophores are organic compounds with low molecular masses that are produced by microorganisms and plants growing under low iron conditions. The primary function of these compounds is to chelate the ferric iron [Fe(III)] from different terrestrial and aquatic habitats and thereby make it available for microbial and plant cells. Siderophores have received much attention in recent years because of their potential roles and applications in various areas of environmental research. Their significance in these applications is because siderophores have the ability to bind a variety of metals in addition to iron, and they have a wide range of chemical structures and specific properties. For instance, siderophores function as biocontrols, biosensors, and bioremediation and chelation agents, in addition to their important role in weathering soil minerals and enhancing plant growth. The aim of this literature review is to outline and discuss the important roles and functions of siderophores in different environmental habitats and emphasize the significant roles that these small organic molecules could play in applied environmental processes.

Ahmed, E; Holmstrom, S J M

2014-01-01

156

Environmental training research project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Santa Fe Community College serves an area including the city and county of Santa Fe. The population has a high percentage of Hispanics and a Native American population of about 3%. The student body at the college generally reflects that of the service district. The college strives to recruit students from all segments of the population so there is representation among all ethnic and economic groups. The college strives to serve students and the community by offering educational opportunities that meet the needs of both elements and which will lead to gainful employment. Instruction is also offered to meets needs for retraining, upgrades, and personal enlightenment. The college started a hazardous materials management program in the fall of 1991 which has since been renamed environmental management. The purpose of this program is to prepare students for environmental careers, to provide required training such as OSHA HAZWOPER and refresher courses, and to provide educational opportunities that would make the public more environmentally aware. The program content needs to be studied to ensure we`re meeting the needs of the students and the business community. There had not been a significant opportunity to conduct this research.

NONE

1996-04-01

157

How to reconcile environmental and economic performance to improve corporate sustainability: corporate environmental strategies in the European paper industry.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the relationship between environmental and economic performance and the influence of corporate strategies with regard to sustainability and the environment. After formulating a theoretical model, results are reported from an empirical analysis of the European paper manufacturing industry. New data are used to test hypotheses derived from the theoretical model, using environmental performance indices representing different corporate environmental strategy orientations. In particular, an emissions-based index largely reflecting end-of-pipe strategies and an inputs-based index reflecting integrated pollution prevention are distinguished. For the emissions-based index, a predominantly negative relationship between environmental and economic performance is found, whereas for the inputs-based index no significant link is found. This is consistent with the theoretical model, which predicts the possibility of different relationships. The results also show that for firms with pollution prevention-oriented corporate environmental strategies, the relationship between environmental and economic performance is more positive, thus making improvements in corporate sustainability more likely. Based on this last insight, managerial implications of this are discussed with regard to strategy choices, investment decisions and operations management. PMID:15939122

Wagner, Marcus

2005-07-01

158

Environmental Research Laboratories annual report for 1979 and 1980  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Laboratory (ATDL) research program is organized around the following subject areas: transport and diffusion over complex terrain, atmospheric turbulence and plume diffusion, and forest meteorology and climatological studies. Current research efforts involve experimental and numerical modeling studies of flow over rugged terrain, studies of transport of airborne material in and above a forest canopy, basic studies of atmospheric diffusion parameters for applications to environmental impact evaluation, plume rise studies, and scientific collaboration with personnel in DOE-funded installations, universities, and government agencies on meteorological studies in our area of expertise. Abstracts of fifty-two papers that have been published or are awaiting publication are included.

Not Available

1981-03-01

159

Complexity and interdisciplinary approaches to environmental research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The launch of volume 8 of Environmental Research Letters (ERL) comes at a critical time in terms of innovations and exciting areas of science, but particularly in the areas linking environmental research and action. The most recent climate change Conference of the Parties meeting (COP), in Doha in December 2012, has now come and gone. As has been dissected in the press, very little was accomplished. Some will see this as a failure, as I do, and others will reasonably enough note that this meeting, the 18th such COP was1 never intended to be a milestone moment. The current plan, in fact, is for a 'post-Kyoto' international climate agreement to be adopted only at the COP20 summit in December 2015. As we lead up to COP20, and potentially other regional or national approaches to climate protection, innovations in science, innovations in policy tools, and political commitment must come together. The science of climate change only continues to get clearer and clearer, and bleaker [1]. Later this year the IPCC will release its Fifth Assessment Report, AR5. The draft versions are out for review now. ERL has published a number of papers on climate change science, mitigation and adaptation, but one area where the world needs a particular focus is on the nexus of science and action. A summary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's findings from the first assessment report (FAR; 1990) to the latest report is presented in figure 1. This graphic is specifically not about the scientific record alone. What is most important about this figure is the juxtaposition of the language of science and the language of ... language. Figure 1. Figure 1. A superposition of the state of climate science in three key data sets, and the dates of the first, second, third and fourth assessment reports (FAR, SAR, TAR, and AR4, respectively) plotted as vertical lines. On the right are the key statements from each of these reports, along with the conclusion of the Special Report on Renewable Energy (SRREN, completed in 2011) which found that up to an 80% decarbonization of the global economy was possible if we can enable and launch a large-scale transition to a clean energy system consistent with what a number of 'leading edge' cities, regions, and nations have already accomplished or started. Note, in particular, that as the physical climate change metrics have progressed, the words—shown on the right—have also progressed. In 1990, at the time of the FAR the strongest scientific consensus statement was that another decade of data would likely be needed to clearly observe climate change. Through the second to fourth (SAR, TAR, and AR4) reports, increasing clarity on the science of climate change translated into a consensus of overwhelming blame on human activities. The key statements from each report are not only about the growing evidence for anthropogenically driven climate change, but they have moved into the ecological and social impacts of this change. AR4 critically concluded that climate change would lead to climate injustice as the poor, globally, bear the brunt of the impacts. Despite this 'Rosetta Stone' translating science to language, we have failed to act collectively. One area where ERL can advance the overall conversation is on this science/action interface. As AR5 emerges, the climate change/climate response interface will need deep, substantive, action that responds rapidly to new ideas and opportunities. The rapid publication and open access features of ERL are particularly critical here as events a such as Hurricane Sandy, economic or political advances in climate response made by cities, regions or nations, all warrant assessment and response. This is one of many areas where ERL has been at the forefront of the conversation, through not only research letters, but also commentary-style Perspective pieces and the conversation that ERL's sister community website environmentalresearchweb can facilitate. This process of translating proposed solutions—innovations—between interest groups, has been in far too short supply rece

Kammen, Daniel M.

2013-03-01

160

Environmental assessment of enzyme assisted processing in pulp and paper industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Aims and Scope  The pulp and paper (P&P) industry is traditionally known to be a large contributor to environmental pollution due its large\\u000a consumptions of energy and chemicals. Enzymatic processing, however, offers potential opportunities for changing the industry\\u000a towards more environmentally friendly and efficient operations compared to the conventional methods. The aims of the present\\u000a study has been to investigate

Peter B. Skals; Anders Krabek; Per H. Nielsen; Henrik Wenzel

2008-01-01

161

Initial robotics research for environmental restoration and waste management  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the initial research and development activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) that will support the technology development component of the overall National Robotics Technology Development Program (NRTDP). The NRTDP is a subelement of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ER and WM) 5-Year Applied Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation Plan and of overall efforts at DOE operational sites around the country. ORNL research will focus on fundamental improvement of remote manipulation through enhancements of the human man/machine interface, integration of automated functions, and the incorporation of machine intelligence to increase productivity. Background and goals for these activities are presented in this paper.

Hamel, W.R.; Mann, R.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-06-01

162

An Environmental Ethical Conceptual Framework for Research on Sustainability and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that environmental ethics can have great relevance for environmental ethical content analyses in environmental education and education for sustainable development research. It is based on a critique that existing educational research does not reflect the variety of environmental ethical theories. Accordingly, we suggest an…

Kronlid, David O.; Ohman, Johan

2013-01-01

163

HUMAN HEALTH RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION PLAN, NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL), as part of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Research and Development (ORD), is responsible for conducting research to improve the risk assessment of chemicals for potential effects ...

164

Real-world approaches to assessing the impact of environmental research on policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial investment is made each year in research to support environmental policies. Understanding the impact of this research is important from a number of perspectives. What remains unclear is how such evaluations may be undertaken, particularly as very little current practice is captured in the literature. This paper reports on a set of 10 exploratory case studies of environmental

Sarah Bell; Ben Shaw; Annette Boaz

2011-01-01

165

Issues for Environmental Education and ESD Research Development: Looking Ahead from WEEC 2007 in Durban  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can we avoid inheriting serious issues from research related to environmental education when the researcher community is addressing education for sustainable development? This paper identifies and discusses three main issues: if an explicit and coherent concept of environmental education or education for sustainable development is missing; if the…

Breiting, Soren

2009-01-01

166

Environmental Systems Research and Analysis FY 2000 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the INEEL. Strengthening the Technical capabilities of the INEEL will provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Office of Environmental Management (EM). This is a progress report for the third year of the ESR Program (FY 2000). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (1) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (2) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (3) Materials Dynamics, (4) Characterization Science, and (5) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, the report describes activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas. The five research areas are subdivided into 18 research projects. FY 2000 research in these 18 projects has resulted in more than 50 technical papers that are in print, in press, in review, or in preparation. Additionally, more than 100 presentations were made at professional society meetings nationally and internationally. Work supported by this program was in part responsible for one of our researchers, Dr. Mason Harrup, receiving the Department of Energy’s “Bright Light” and “Energy at 23” awards. Significant accomplishments were achieved. Non-Destructive Assay hardware and software was deployed at the INEEL, enhancing the quality and efficiency of TRU waste characterization for shipment. The advanced tensiometer has been employed at numerous sites around the complex to determine hydrologic gradients in variably saturated vadose zones. An ion trap, secondary ion mass spectrometer (IT-SIMS) was designed and fabricated to deploy at the INEEL site to measure the chemical speciation of radionuclides and toxic metals on the surfaces of environmentally significant minerals. The FY 2001 program will have a significantly different structure and research content. This report presents the final summary of projects coming to an end in FY 2000 and is a bridge to the FY 2001 program.

David L. Miller; Castle, Peter Myer; Steven J. Piet

2001-01-01

167

European Birth Cohorts for Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Many pregnancy and birth cohort studies investigate the health effects of early-life environmental contaminant exposure. An overview of existing studies and their data is needed to improve collaboration, harmonization, and future project planning. Objectives: Our goal was to create a comprehensive overview of European birth cohorts with environmental exposure data. Methods: Birth cohort studies were included if they a) collected data on at least one environmental exposure, b) started enrollment during pregnancy or at birth, c) included at least one follow-up point after birth, d) included at least 200 mother–child pairs, and e) were based in a European country. A questionnaire collected information on basic protocol details and exposure and health outcome assessments, including specific contaminants, methods and samples, timing, and number of subjects. A full inventory can be searched on www.birthcohortsenrieco.net. Results: Questionnaires were completed by 37 cohort studies of > 350,000 mother–child pairs in 19 European countries. Only three cohorts did not participate. All cohorts collected biological specimens of children or parents. Many cohorts collected information on passive smoking (n = 36), maternal occupation (n = 33), outdoor air pollution (n = 27), and allergens/biological organisms (n = 27). Fewer cohorts (n = 12–19) collected information on water contamination, ionizing or nonionizing radiation exposures, noise, metals, persistent organic pollutants, or other pollutants. All cohorts have information on birth outcomes; nearly all on asthma, allergies, childhood growth and obesity; and 26 collected information on child neurodevelopment. Conclusion: Combining forces in this field will yield more efficient and conclusive studies and ultimately improve causal inference. This impressive resource of existing birth cohort data could form the basis for longer-term and worldwide coordination of research on environment and child health.

Casas, Maribel; Bergstrom, Anna; Carmichael, Amanda; Cordier, Sylvaine; Eggesb?, Merete; Eller, Esben; Fantini, Maria P.; Fernandez, Mariana F.; Fernandez-Somoano, Ana; Gehring, Ulrike; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Hohmann, Cynthia; Karvonen, Anne M.; Keil, Thomas; Kogevinas, Manolis; Koppen, Gudrun; Kramer, Ursula; Kuehni, Claudia E.; Magnus, Per; Majewska, Renata; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Patelarou, Evridiki; Petersen, Maria Skaalum; Pierik, Frank H.; Polanska, Kinga; Porta, Daniela; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Santos, Ana Cristina; Slama, Remy; Sram, Radim J.; Thijs, Carel; Tischer, Christina; Toft, Gunnar; Trnovec, Tomas; Vandentorren, Stephanie; Vrijkotte, Tanja G.M.; Wilhelm, Michael; Wright, John; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark

2011-01-01

168

Biological sample collections from minors for genetic research: a systematic review of guidelines and position papers  

PubMed Central

Stored tissue samples are an important resource for epidemiological genetic research. Genetic research on biological material from minors can yield valuable information on the development and genesis of early-onset genetic disorders and the early interaction of environmental and genetic factors. The use of such tissue raises some specific ethical and governance questions, which are not completely covered by the discussion on biological materials from adults. We have retrieved 29 guidelines and position papers pertaining to the storage and use of biological tissue samples for genetic research, originating from 27 different organizations. Five documents have an international scope, three have an European scope and 21 have a national scope. We discovered that 11 of these documents did not contain a section on biological materials from minors. The content of the remaining 18 documents was categorized according to four themes: consent, principles of non-therapeutic research on vulnerable populations, ethics committee approval and difference between anonymous and identifiable samples. We found out that these themes are not consistently mentioned by each document, but that documents discussing the same themes were mostly in agreement with their recommendations. However, a systematic reflection on the ethical and policy issues arising from the participation of minors in biobank research is missing.

Hens, Kristien; Nys, Herman; Cassiman, Jean-Jacques; Dierickx, Kris

2009-01-01

169

PROCEEDINGS OF CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY SENSORS (2ND) HELD AT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER, LAS VEGAS, NEVADA ON OCTOBER 10-11, 1973  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains the papers presented at the Second Conference on Environmental Quality Sensors, held at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Research Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, on October 10 and 11, 1973. The papers covered such topics as: aircra...

170

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for

Andrea Gazzinelli; Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira; Guo-Jing Yang; Boakye A. Boatin; Helmut Kloos

2012-01-01

171

Assessment of cold-climate environmental research priorities  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has consistently recognized that cold regions pose unique environmental problems. This report sets forth the conceptual framework and research plans for several high priority research areas. It provides the fundamental basis for implementation of the EPA Cold-Climate Environmental Research Program. This three- to five-year program encompasses both short- and long-term research of high relevance to the EPA and to the cold regions that it serves.

States, J.B.

1983-04-01

172

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCHER  

EPA Science Inventory

Qualitative research techniques are often under-utilized by the environmental health researcher. Focus groups, one such qualitative method, can provide rich data sets for study planning and implementation, risk perception, program and policy research, and exploration into future...

173

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2011-07-01

174

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5 Section 18.5 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2010-07-01

175

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5 Section 18.5 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2011-07-01

176

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2010-07-01

177

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5 Section 18.5 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

178

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

179

40 CFR 18.10 - Appointment of Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Appointment of Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

180

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5 Section 18.5 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2012-07-01

181

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2012-07-01

182

Biogenic manganese oxides: Formation mechanisms, mineralogy and environmental relevance Term paper: Biogeochemistry and pollutant dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biogenic manganese oxides can be a tool for soil remediation. Recent papers are reviewed to gather information on their formation mechanisms, mineralogy and environmental relevance. Characterisations of the manganese oxidation products of the bacteria groups Bacillus sp., Pseudomonas putida and Leptothrix discophora are described and compared. The biochemical path- ways of bacterial manganese oxidation are discussed. It seems, that bacteria

Ruben Kretzschmar

183

Environmental Management Accounting: A Case Study Research on Innovative Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to conduct an in-depth study on environmental management systems developed in the ceramic tiles sector. This study is conceived as an improvement on a previous survey related to an environmental diagnosis of the ceramic tiles sector where some incongruities between environmental explicit speeches and environmental actions were detected. Such incongruities revealed that firms assumed

Maria J. Masanet-Llodra

2006-01-01

184

EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally- Enhanced Hydropower Turbines: Technical Papers  

SciTech Connect

The EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydropower Turbines was a component of a larger project. The goal of the overall project was to conduct the final developmental engineering required to advance the commercialization of the Alden turbine. As part of this effort, the conference provided a venue to disseminate information on the status of the Alden turbine technology as well as the status of other advanced turbines and research on environmentally-friendly hydropower turbines. The conference was also a product of a federal Memorandum of Understanding among DOE, USBR, and USACE to share technical information on hydropower. The conference was held in Washington, DC on May 19 and 20, 2011 and welcomed over 100 attendees. The Conference Organizing Committee included the federal agencies with a vested interest in hydropower in the U.S. The Committee collaboratively assembled this conference, including topics from each facet of the environmentally-friendly conventional hydropower research community. The conference was successful in illustrating the readiness of environmentally-enhanced hydropower technologies. Furthermore, the topics presented illustrated the need for additional deployment and field testing of these technologies in an effort to promote the growth of environmentally sustainable hydropower in the U.S. and around the world

None

2011-12-01

185

USEPA RESEARCH ACTIVITIES TO CHARACTERIZE CHILDREN'S ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES  

EPA Science Inventory

Given the vulnerability of children to effects from environmental exposures, understanding links between children's health and environmental exposures is critical. In recent years, significant research has been initiated at USEPA to characterize children's exposures. ...

186

75 FR 6651 - Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science and Climate and Environmental Sciences Divisions Updates on the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and the Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment Reports on the Atmospheric System Research Science Plan and the Subsurface...

2010-02-10

187

ASAS Centennial Paper: Future needs of research and extension in forage utilization.  

PubMed

Forage-animal production agriculture is implementing infrastructure changes and management strategies to adjust to increased energy-related costs of fuel, feed grains, fertilizers, and seeds. The primary objectives of this position paper are to assess future research and extension scientific needs in forage utilization, financial support for the discipline, and changing status and number of scientists. A survey questionnaire returned from 25 land-grant universities in the eastern half of the United States rated the top 4 research needs as 1) pasture systems and efficiency of production; 2) interfacing with energy concerns; 3) forage cultivar evaluations and persistence; and 4) environment impacts. Plant-animal future research needs at 11 USDA-ARS regional locations are targeted at sustainable management and improved livestock performance, ecophysiology and ecology of grasslands, environment impacts, and improved technologies for nutritive value assessments. Extension scientists from 17 southern and northeastern states listed the top 3 needs as forage persistence, soil fertility and nutrient management, and pasture systems and efficiency of production. Grant funds currently provide more than 40% of land-grant university research and extension efforts in forage utilization, and scientists estimate that this support base will increase to 55 to 60% of the funding total by 2013. Reduced allocation of state and federal funding has contributed to a reduction in the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) scientists engaged in forage utilization research and extension activities. The current 25 state FTE conducting research number about 2.8 per state. This includes 10 states with >3, 11 states with <2, and 3 states with <1 FTE. Increased interest in cellulosic energy, climate change, and environmental impact may offer new opportunities for these FTE to participate in integrated cross-discipline research Extension programming, and technology transfer methods will change to accommodate reduced funding but with increasing numbers of novice, recreation-oriented landowners. PMID:18820155

Rouquette, F M; Redmon, L A; Aiken, G E; Hill, G M; Sollenberger, L E; Andrae, J

2009-01-01

188

From telling to transforming: Rhetorical invention and the genre of the research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project argues for a re-visioning of the traditional research paper assignment in first-year composition courses, both in how it is assigned and in how instructors view it. The traditional research paper assignment is an extended writing project that involves writing from sources, with an emphasis on the formal aspects of academic writing. The research paper project for undergraduates evolved

Karen A Kaiser Lee

2011-01-01

189

The Writer and the Text: Basic Writers, Research Papers and Plagiarism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While research papers may hold unique challenges for all writers, they are especially daunting for "less experienced" writers because these students often come to college without ever having written a research paper. A study examined several research papers written by students who took part in the Summer Bridge program at California State…

Klompien, Kathleen

190

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT / POLLUTION PREVENTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Goal 8.4 Improve Environmental Systems Management (Formally Pollution Prevention and New Technology) Background The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean-up pollution through...

191

Borrowing from the Sciences: A Model for the Freshman Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a research paper, modeled after scientific research papers and dissertations, with a four-part format including introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion. Notes that the model is suited to students' first encounter with professional research because it encourages reflection on the research process itself. (MM)

Jeske, Jeff

1987-01-01

192

Understanding Environmental Advocacy: Interdisciplinary Research and the Role of Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a selective review of interdisciplinary research of the bases for and obstacles to effective environmental advocacy (EA). Synthesizes an analysis of the social backdrop of contemporary EA, considers research associated with environmental communication, and uses theory and research involving social cognition to indicate ways that advocates…

Cantrill, James G.

1992-01-01

193

STRATEGY FOR RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO CHILDREN  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Research and Development (ORD) is pleased to announce the availability of its Strategy for Research on Environmental Risks to Children. This document provides the strategic direction for ORD's research program in chi...

194

Critical Environmental Education Research: Re-Engaging the Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of research in environmental education has experienced several changes in orientation in its first 25 or so years. In the period of the 70s and 80s, the most visible approach to environmental education research was clearly applied science in nature. From the late 80s/early 90s there has been a period of intense debate about research in…

Robottom, Ian

2005-01-01

195

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research.  

PubMed

This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade. Basic principles, factors, limits, InSAR sensors, available software packages for the generation of InSAR interferograms were summarized to support future applications. Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences. It ends with a discussion of future research directions. PMID:22573992

Zhou, Xiaobing; Chang, Ni-Bin; Li, Shusun

2009-01-01

196

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research  

PubMed Central

This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade. Basic principles, factors, limits, InSAR sensors, available software packages for the generation of InSAR interferograms were summarized to support future applications. Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences. It ends with a discussion of future research directions.

Zhou, Xiaobing; Chang, Ni-Bin; Li, Shusun

2009-01-01

197

Effective methods for training Japanese industry research engineers to write proper technical papers in English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes twenty-five-year experience of how I have been training Japanese research engineers in industry research laboratories to write proper technical papers and conference abstracts in English so that their papers and abstracts can be easily understood by native speakers of English. Since almost all these engineers have not been taught how to write technical papers in English, they

Y. A. Ono

2009-01-01

198

Applied and Environmental Microbiology Gordon Research Conference  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of the Gordon Research Conference on Applied and Environmental Microbiology was to present and discuss new, fundamental research findings on microorganisms, their activities in the environment, their ecosystem-level effects, and their environmental or commercial applications. To accomplish this goal, knowledge of microbial diversity, interactions and population dynamics was required. The genomic basis of microbial processes, the cycling of naturally occurring and hazardous substances, and methodologies to assess the functional relationships of microorganisms in their habitats were essential for understanding the ecological consequences of microbial activities and the formulation of generalizing principles. In the last decade, molecular technology has revealed that microbial diversity is far more extensive than the limited view obtained from culturing procedures. Great advances in environmental microbiology have resulted from the development and application of molecular approaches to ecology and molecular evolution. A further surprise resulting from the application of these new tools is the blurring of the distinction between pathogenic traits versus those considered non-pathogenic. This year's conference addressed the issues of biodiversity, its development, and the impact of stress on gene selection and expression. In addition microbial metabolic versatility with toxins such as heavy metals, antibiotics, and organic pollutants were discussed. The nine session topics were (1) biodiversity and the bacterial species, (2) mechanisms of biodiversification, (3) biofilms in health and environment, (4) a genomic view of microbial response to stress, (5) microbial use of toxic metals, (6) microbial mineral formation and dissolution, (7) power and limitations of antimicrobials, (8) biodegradation of organic pollutants, and (9) astrobiology. The Conference had an international profile: the Conference Vice-Chair, Dr. Gerard Muyzer, was from The Nether lands, 10 of the 28 speakers and 2 of the 9 discussion leaders were from outside the USA. The program was composed of speakers and discussion leaders (selected through open peer discussion) from a wide range of universities, institutes, government laboratories, and industries. The Conference has traditionally drawn many non-U.S. conferees. In typical Gordon Conference style, the Conference sessions were informal, off the record, and open to all participants for the expression of their views. Meetings were held in the morning and evening. Afternoons were available for participation in small, informal discussion groups. The latest and often unpublished findings were emphasized. Following each evening session, conferees were able to gather in a central location where additional discussion occurred. Poster sessions facilitated informal discussion in the afternoon and evenings. The entire atmosphere of the Conference was designed to foster informal interaction. In fact, publication of a proceedings was not permitted by the Gordon Conferences in order to promote discussion of unpublished data. This type of meeting is a valuable means of disseminating information and ideas in a way that cannot be achieved through the usual channels of publication and presentations at large scientific meetings. The primary criteria for admittance to this Conference were scientific commitment and, implicitly, an interest in active and meaningful participation in the discussions.

Wall, Judy D.

2003-11-19

199

CER: Centre for Environmental Research at the University of Limerick  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Environmental Research (CER) encompasses research in many science areas at the University of Limerick including biochemistry, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and hydrology. The website features the current projects of the director, Professor Richard Moles, whose interests incorporate "integrated assessment, system dynamics and spatial modelling, interactive research, sustainable development, plant and bird ecology, landscape evolution, soil science, geomorphology, and pollution pathways." Users can find links to CER's three main themes: environmental catalysis and chemistry, scientific management of environmental quality, and environmental technology. There, individuals can obtain extensive information on the researchers, their interests, and publications.

200

Environmental Systems Research Candidates FY-01 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program ran from April 2000 through September 2001 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). ESRA provides key science and technology to meet the cleanup mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (EM), and performs research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the accomplishments of the ESRC Program. The ESRC Program consisted of 25 tasks subdivided within four research areas.

Miller, David Lynn; Piet, Steven James

2001-03-01

201

Nanomaterials driven energy, environmental and biomedical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed state-of-the-art nanomaterials such as nanofibers, nanotubes, nanoparticles, nanocatalysts and nanostructures for clean energy, environmental and biomedical research. Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed, but it can be converted from one form to another. Based on this principle, chemical energy such as hydrogen has been produced from water electrolysis at a much lower voltage using RuO2 nanoparticles on the Si wafer substrate. Once the hydrogen is produced from the clean sources such as solar energy and water, it has to be stored by physisorption or chemisorption processes on to the solid state systems. For the successful physical adsorption of hydrogen molecule, we have developed novel polyaniline nanostructures via chemical templating and electrospinning routes. Chemical or complex hydrides involving nano MgH2 and transition metal nanocatalysts have been synthesized to tailor both the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen (chemi) sorption respectively. Utilization of solar energy (UV-Vis) and a coupling of novel semiconductor oxide nanoparticles have been recently demonstrated with enhancement in photo-oxidation and/or photo-reduction processes for the water/air detoxification and sustainable liquid fuel production respectively. Magnetic nanoparticles such as ZnFe2O4 have been synthesized and optimized for biomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and tumor diagnostic sensing (MRI).

Sharma, Prakash C.; Srinivasan, Sesha S.; Wilson, Jeremiah F.

2014-03-01

202

Research in the Language Classroom: State of the Art. Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New trends in language teaching have resulted in a move towards research in the language classroom. A brief overview of classroom research reveals three distinct but inter-related research paradigms: classroom-centered research, classroom process research, and qualitative research, respectively.

Salmani-Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

2006-01-01

203

Indigenous Knowledge in Environmental Education Processes: Perspectives on a Growing Research Arena  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides perspective on the growing research arena of indigenous knowledge in environmental education in southern Africa. By drawing mainly on South African case examples of indigenous knowledge activities and research (including our own research) we provide an overview of activities and debates that have emerged in response to earlier…

Van Damme, Lynette Sibongile Masuku; Neluvhalani, Edgar Fulufhelo

2004-01-01

204

Responding to Agenda 2020: A technology vision and research agenda for America`s forest, wood and paper industry  

SciTech Connect

This document presents project summaries that demonstrate specific capabilities of interest to the forest, wood and paper industry in areas where PNL offers significant depth of experience or unique expertise. Though PNL possesses a wide range of capabilities across many of the technology-related issues identified by the industry, this document focuses on capabilities that meet the specific forest, wood and paper industry needs of the following research areas: forest inventory; human and environmental effects; energy and environmental tradeoffs; reduction of impacts of liquid effluent; solid wastes; removal of non-process elements in pulp and paper operations; life cycle assessment; and process measurement and controls. In addition, PNL can provide the forest, wood and paper industry with support in areas such as strategic and program planning, stakeholder communications and outreach, budget defense and quality metrics. These are services PNL provides directly to several programs within DOE.

Lang, K.S.

1995-03-01

205

Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Umweltforschung - Umwelttechnik. (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Environmental research and engineering).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The nuclear research centre at Karlsruhe ('Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe', KfK) works within the framework of research projects on the development of processes and technologies for the solution of environmental problems, inter alia in the fields of wast...

1990-01-01

206

Health and Environmental Research: Summary of Accomplishments. Volume 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is an account of some of the accomplishments of the health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Both direct and indirect societal benefits emerged from the new knowledge provide...

1986-01-01

207

Recent developments in social and environmental accounting research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The last years have witnessed a growth in interest in social and environmental questions. Many companies have developed environmental management and auditing systems and altered their social and environmental disclosure practices. These developments resulted in the growth of research focusing on the analysis of information disclosed by companies. The purpose of this study is to contribute a reflection

Teresa Eugénio; Isabel Costa Lourenço; Ana Isabel Morais

2010-01-01

208

Evaluating and Interpreting Research Syntheses in Adult Learning and Literacy. NCSALL Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occasional paper introduces the methods of research synthesis and meta-analysis to researchers and consumers of research in the field of adult learning and literacy. To begin, the first section of the paper defines key terms and offers a brief history of how the methodologies developed. The second section provides a conceptualization of…

Cooper, Harris

2007-01-01

209

The Canadian Arctic and the Oceans Act: the development of participatory environmental research and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years in the Canadian Arctic, participatory and pluralistic approaches have become common in several areas of environmental management relevant to the resolution of multiple-use conflicts: fish and wildlife, protected area planning, integrated coastal zone management, ecosystem health monitoring, contaminants research, environmental assessment, and climate change. This paper analyzes the emergence and development of aboriginal participation in resource management

Fikret Berkes; Jack Mathias; Mina Kislalioglu; Helen Fast

2001-01-01

210

Empirical research in environmental psychology: Past, present, and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Have research interests in environmental psychology changed over the years? If so, in which direction? What can we learn from the past to direct future research? To answer these questions, empirical studies published in Environment & Behavior (E&B) and in Journal of Environmental Psychology (JEP), from their foundation to 2005, were reviewed. The articles were classified in relation to the

Maria Vittoria Giuliani; Massimiliano Scopelliti

2009-01-01

211

The current status of environmental health research in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, the extent of environmental health research in Australia is unclear and there are no recent overarching reviews of national publications on the subject. This study investigates the current status of environmental health research in Australia using a bibliometric analysis. Three databases (Medline, Web of Science, and AUSTHealth) were used to access original, peer-reviewed journal articles with Australian data

Angela Gowland; Angus Cook; Jane Heyworth

2011-01-01

212

The current status of environmental health research in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, the extent of environmental health research in Australia is unclear and there are no recent overarching reviews of national publications on the subject. This study investigates the current status of environmental health research in Australia using a bibliometric analysis. Three databases (Medline, Web of Science, and AUSTHealth) were used to access original, peer-reviewed journal articles with Australian data

Angela Gowland; Angus Cook; Jane Heyworth

2012-01-01

213

Environmental-performance research priorities: Wood products. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a research plan to establish environmental, energy, and economic performance measures for renewable building materials, and to identify management and technology alternatives to improve environmental performance in a cost-effective manner. The research plan is designed to: (1) collect environmental and economic data on all life-cycle stages of the materials, (2) ensure that the data follows consistent definitions and collection procedures, and (3) develop analytical procedures for life-cycle analysis to address environmental performance questions. The research will be subdivided into a number of individual project modules. The five processing stages of wood used to organize the research plan are: (1) resource management and harvesting; (2) processing; (3) design and construction of structures; (4) use, maintenance, and disposal; and (5) waste recycling. Individual research module descriptions are provided in the report, as well as assessment techniques, research standards and protocol, and research management. 13 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

NONE

1998-01-15

214

Environmental Law Institute Research and Policy Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This organization works with local and regional partners in the United States and worldwide to strengthen environmental laws, to develop new approaches to ensure their effectiveness, and to improve the capacity of citizens and governments to use the law to protect the environment. The site focuses on four areas; water resources, land and biodiversity, integration and innovation in environmental governance, and global sustainable development. Each focus area contains several topics of interest as well as objectives the organization would like to see realized. There is also a link to environmental laws that are endangered.

Institute, Environmental L.

215

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), conducted December 14 through 18, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. The team includes outside experts supplied by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with SERI. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at SERI, and interviews with site personnel. 33 refs., 22 figs., 21 tabs.

Not Available

1988-10-01

216

Environmental research program: FY 1987, annual report  

SciTech Connect

This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1987 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics, and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs. For their studies, the group is developing novel analytical and research methods for characterizing aerosol species. Aerosol research is performed in the laboratory and in the field. Studies of smoke emissions from fires and their possible effects on climatic change, especially as related to nuclear winter, are an example of the collaboration between the Atmospheric Aerosol Research and Combustion Research Groups.

Not Available

1988-03-01

217

User Needs Research Practices of Designers. Environmental Design Research, Problems and Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current state of user needs research and applications by practicing design professionals is documented, and potential user needs research areas for the proposed environmental design research program are described. Selected designers and their staffs w...

M. H. Lorenz

1978-01-01

218

OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL RESEARCH WITHIN THE EPA NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY (NHEERL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) is one of the laboratories in EPA's Office of Research and Development contributing the Global Change Research Program. NHEERL is studying the potential effects of global change on vulnerable ecosystems. ...

219

Environmental Behavior and Gender: An Emerging Area of Concern for Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ecofeminism suggests that women are more active than men regarding environmental issues for a variety of social, cultural, and biological reasons. In support to these arguments, women predominate within the overall grassroots of the Environmental Justice movement. However, claims have been made that environmental education theory and research are…

Sakellari, Maria; Skanavis, Constantina

2013-01-01

220

Unveiling Social and Environmental Accounting Research in Spain: A Narrative of the Mobilisation of the Spanish Academic Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a personal overview of the process of mobilisation of the social and environmental accounting research (SEAR) Spanish academic community to develop social and environmental accounting research as a legitimate research field. Using the arguments of Hambrick and Chen (2008) for analysing new academic fields as admittance-seeking social movements, a narrative is provided

Carmen Correa

2011-01-01

221

Using a Scientific Paper Format to Foster Problem-Based, Cohort-Learning in Undergraduate Environmental Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Environmental Science at the University of Southern Maine implemented a problem-based, cohort-learning curriculum for undergraduate environmental science majors. The curriculum was based on a five-course sequence patterned after the outline of a scientific paper. Under faculty guidance, students select local environmental

Wagner, T.; Langley-Turnbaugh, S. J.; Sanford, R.

2006-01-01

222

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH PROGRAM GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

Annual extramural research program guide for the Office of Research and Development. This report provides information on work being done in each part of ORD, research which EPA is planning for FY 1984, and how much the authors intend to spend on each program area. Some of the are...

223

Bibliography of Northwestern State University Research Papers Relating to Louisiana, 1957-1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hundred and seventy-seven research papers by graduates and undergraduates are listed in this bibliography, which both teachers and researchers are likely to find useful. All the papers deal with some aspect of Louisiana, but many contain implications and information of quite general application, such as "The Relationship of Socioeconomic…

Bridges, Katherine

224

Applied Science Division annual report, Environmental Research Program FY 1983  

SciTech Connect

The primary concern of the Environmental Research Program is the understanding of pollutant formation, transport, and transformation and the impacts of pollutants on the environment. These impacts include global, regional, and local effects on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and on certain aspects of human health. This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. During FY 1983, research concentrated on atmospheric physics and chemistry, applied physics and laser spectroscopy, combustion theory and phenomena, environmental effects of oil shale processing, freshwater ecology and acid precipitation, trace element analysis for the investigation of present and historical environmental impacts, and a continuing survey of instrumentation for environmental monitoring.

Cairns, E.J.; Novakov, T.

1984-05-01

225

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1996  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Fiscal Year 1996 activities and products of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research. The report is organized into four main sections. The introduction identifies the basic program structure, describes the programs of the Environmental Sciences Division, and provides the level of effort for each program area. The research areas and project descriptions section gives program contact information, and provides descriptions of individual research projects including: three-year funding history, research objective and approach used in each project, and results to date. Appendixes provide postal and e-mail addresses for principal investigators and define acronyms used in the text. The indexes provide indexes of principal investigators, research institutions, and keywords for easy reference. Research projects are related to climatic change and remedial action.

NONE

1997-06-01

226

EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself a particularly large and interesting challenge: to help connect the vast community of environmental researchers, practitioners, activists, and interested informed observers. ERL and its partner online resource base and community website, environmentalresearchweb, fills a major void: a single locus for rapid publication of peer-reviewed and highly interdisciplinary material spanning literally every aspect of environmental research and thought. The wide range of material that falls squarely into the purview of ERL—from restoration ecology to global change science and politics, to toxicology and environmental justice, to environmental and social impacts of energy conversion—illustrate just how diverse a 'community' we hope to serve. Thanks to an exceptional editorial staff and board, and a diverse range of fascinating contributed papers, ERL is off to a particularly fast start. ERL has both a small advisory board and a larger editorial board. The board serves several functions, beginning with the traditional one of taking the lead on reviews of papers in such a dizzying array of areas. This task alone is a challenge because of the commitment ERL has made to exceptionally rapid publication: a goal of 90 days from submission to online publication for accepted papers. This goal, which we have generally met, includes the publication of complementary (but not always complimentary) 500 1000 word commentaries on a number of papers. To accomplish this alone the editorial board, and the reviewers, have been heroic, and deserve a huge round of applause. IOP Publishing too, has been truly wonderful in making this happen. The rapid publication has proven to be important in both expected and unexpected ways. First, it means that emerging environmental analysis can reach a readership fast, and that discussions of key findings do not even have to wait for the next paper to appear (which, also, can be rapid given that ERL publishes online as papers complete the review process, without waiting for a full, 'bound' volume, to be ready). This rapid dialog is the result of another innovation that IOP Publishing was willing to support: environmentalresearchweb. Launched in February 2007, environmentalresearchweb is a portal for environmental news, discussions of both papers in ERL and events—climate meetings such as the recent Bali Summit or the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (to which I am very proud to have contributed as a lead author)—as well as meetings, and other goings on that impact environmental issues globally. By all objective measures this most direct role of ERL has gone exceedingly well. Publication has been rapid, and of high quality, and the readership has been fantastic. We have had over 50 000 downloads of full article PDFs. The most popular few articles have received over 5000 downloads apiece, showing clearly how far the reach can be for online publication of important new material. ERL articles have been profiled in Nature and other top journals. This level of international visibility that ERL's open-access model guarantees for authors and their work is one particular benefit of the journal and one that we have already seen translating into article citations. Virtually every author asks about ERL's Impact Factor and it's listing in the various scientific ranking services. It generally takes over a year, or a volume of publication, for a new journal to be reviewed and the articles listed by all citation services. The most important criteria that determine journal listing vary between different citation services, but what is clear is that only continued publication of research of the highest quality, impact

Kammen, Daniel M.

2008-03-01

227

A facility for using cluster research to study environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This report begins by describing the general application of cluster based research to environmental chemistry and the development of a Cluster Structure and Dynamics Research Facility (CSDRF). Next, four important areas of cluster research are described in more detail, including how they can impact environmental problems. These are: surface-supported clusters, water and contaminant interactions, time-resolved dynamic studies in clusters, and cluster structures and reactions. These facilities and equipment required for each area of research are then presented. The appendices contain workshop agenda and a listing of the researchers who participated in the workshop discussions that led to this report.

Not Available

1991-11-01

228

THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIMEN BANK RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR SAMPLING, STORAGE, AND ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The work was performed under a joint NBS/EPA research program to develop state-of-the-art protocols for sampling, storage, and analysis of biological and environmental-type matrices. This report is a compliation of research papers and/or efforts describing developed or adopted pr...

229

The Distinctive Characteristics of Environmental Education Research in Australia: An Historical and Comparative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the question of how Australian environmental education (EE) research was conceptualised and contextualised in the decade of the 1990s. Sixty seven articles published by Australian authors in this journal from 1990-2000 were analysed to examine the conceptualisation of this research using an inductive emergent categorisation…

Stevenson, Robert B.; Evans, Neus

2011-01-01

230

The 5th World Environmental Education Congress, 2009: A Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contextualizes the 5th World Environmental Education Congress, discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the Congress theme "Earth Our Common Home," and relates this theorizing to the research project that was woven through the Congress. We provide a rationale for engaging in this research project, as an invitation for Congress…

Jickling, Bob; Sauve, Lucie; Briere, Laurence; Niblett, Blair; Root, Emily

2010-01-01

231

2005 synopsis on Canadian environmental legislation and policies affecting active sonar research based in Nova Scotia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) Atlantic has a number of sonar projects that require the underwater transmission of acoustic energy. Because of potential adverse environmental effects, a number of international and Canadian laws as well as Department of National Defence (DND) policies impact on these research activities. Of particular interest for this paper are the Canadian legislation and departmental

James A. Theriault; Gary Fisher; Sean Pecknold

2005-01-01

232

Approaches to Research Priorities for Policy: A Comparative Study. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diana Wilkinson, Chief Social Researcher with the Scottish Government, assisted National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) to facilitate a forum to discuss the development of national research priorities for the vocational education and training sector. This paper summarises Diana Wilkinson's impression of the forum and uses two…

Wilkinson, Diana

2010-01-01

233

Issues in Community Research: Asian American Perspectives. Occasional Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises a collection of workshop papers addressing the issues of doing research on the complex social and human problems faced in any community from an Asian American perspective. The following topics are discussed: (1) the nature of community research; (2) the pros and cons of pure basic and applied research; (3) the nature and…

Murata, Alice K., Ed.; Salvador-Burris, Juanita, Ed.

234

Utilizing Generalizability Theory to Investigate the Reliability of the Grades Assigned to Undergraduate Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Educational researchers have long espoused the virtues of writing with regard to student cognitive skills. However, research on the reliability of the grades assigned to written papers reveals a high degree of contradiction, with some researchers concluding that the grades assigned are very reliable whereas others suggesting that they…

Gugiu, Mihaiela R.; Gugiu, Paul C.; Baldus, Robert

2012-01-01

235

Adult Education Research Conference Papers (14th, Montreal, Quebec, April 5-6, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers were presented at the Adult Education Research Conference in Saskatchewan: (1) Three Channel Theory of Communication in Small Groups; (2) Communicating with Low Income People: CSCS Research; (3) Focus on the Future: Futurology for Correctional Education; (4) Using Experimental Design in Educational Research in a Volunteer,…

Boyd, Robert; And Others

236

Reflections on Foucauldian discourse analysis in planning and environmental policy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse analysis is becoming an increasingly common approach in planning and environmental policy research. This paper asserts that the generic treatment of discourse analysis obscures distinct approaches in which ‘discourses’ can combine different elements of text, systems of thought and action. Textually oriented approaches have been more prevalent during the 1990s, but this paper explores a different approach, grounded in

Liz Sharp; Tim Richardson

2001-01-01

237

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

238

Prospects for American Indian English Linguistics Research. Papers in Southwest English 1: Research Techniques and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several focal points for southwestern American Indian English research are proposed. This variation is used on reservations or in urban Indian enclaves when the "Indianness" of the discussion or participants needs formal linguistic marking. One research goal is to demonstrate that tribal varieties of Indian English actually exist. Analysis shows…

Leap, William L.

239

Environmental research needs for geothermal resources development. Volume I  

SciTech Connect

A detailed analysis was conducted to determine the adequacy of the total research efforts regarding the potential environmental impacts related to the exploration, drilling, production, and transmission stages of vapor-dominated, liquid-dominated, geopressured, and hot-dry-rock geothermal resources. The following environmental considerations were selected and analyzed in detail: air emissions (hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, mercury, boron, radon, etc.); liquid emissions (brine, and toxic chemicals); land subsidence; seismic activity; and noise. Following the definition of the problem and the assessment of the past and ongoing research efforts, environmental research needs were then recommended based on: (1) the severity of the environmental problems as perceived by literature and contacts with the research community; (2) probability of occurrence; (3) and the research dependency for a solution to that particular problem. The recommended research needs consisted of: (1) an evaluation of the past and ongoing research efforts to ascertain gaps in knowledge for a particular pollutant, process, or control technology; (2) baseline studies of air, soil, water, and ecology around the existing geothermal facilities and in the locations scheduled for future geothermal development; (3) need for the development of appropriate models for predicting concentration and dispersion of pollutants; (4) development of predictive models for potential health and environmental effects associated with geothermal operations; and (5) development of appropriate control technology to destroy, remove or reduce harmful emissions in order to prevent the occurrence of environmental and health hazards and to comply with existing standards and criteria.

Carstea, D.

1977-04-01

240

A Report on Research and Development in Environmental Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first section of this document contains a report on research conducted to develop a model to evaluate the attitudinal and behavioral goals of K-12 environmental education. The goals of environmental education are specified, the desired skill outcomes are listed, examples of evaluative techniques are given, and an evaluation of a 2-week unit on…

Bennett, Dean B.

241

ASSESSMENT OF COLD-CLIMATE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PRIORITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Since its inception, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has maintained a research program in Alaska to address environmental problems unique to cold climates. The wide range of natural resource developments now being considered pose an equally wide range of possible environ...

242

UMBC CENTER FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This was a multi-year project to establish the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education (CUERE) at UMBC. The Center was founded to advance understanding of the environmental, social and economic consequences of changes to the urban and suburban landscape. ...

243

TERENO - A new Network of Terrestrial Observatories for Environmental Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change and land use changes are the most important factors of global environmental change which have to be managed by the society in the next years. Global changes in terrestrial systems take place on different spatial and temporal scales. In order to address the challenges of global change, interdisciplinary research in terrestrial environmental science is of great importance. Therefore,

S. Zacharias; H. R. Bogena; H. Kunstmann; E. Priesack; P. Haschberger; O. Bens; P. Dietrich; H. Vereecken; H. Papen; H. P. Schmid; J. C. Munch; I. Hajnsek

2009-01-01

244

Environmental Values in Public Decisions, A Research Agenda.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews current research and administrative practices for carrying out the requirement of the National Environmental Policies Act which charges all Federal agencies to develop methods and procedures in consultation with the Council on Environm...

R. N. L. Andrews M. J. Waits

1978-01-01

245

An Overview Of Current Research At The Environmental Protection Agency  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of the current research at the Environmental Protection Agency. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT ROGER B. YEARDLEY, JR., LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION, 513-569-7548. ...

246

National Center for Environmental Research and Quality Assurance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development announces a number of 1998 grants at this site. In addition to a listing of grants and deadlines, the hyperlinked text leads readers to detailed information and application forms.

247

THE CENTER FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION - UMBC  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA GRANT NUMBER: R831058 Title: The Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education - UMBC Investigator: Claire Welty Institution: University of Maryland - Baltimore County EPA Project Officer: Brandon Jones Project...

248

APPLICATION OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY RESEARCH TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Authors describe the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency research program in biotechnology risk assessment to study fate and effects of nonindigenous microorganisms in aquatic and terrestrial environments. nformation from the studies can be used by industries and regulatory agen...

249

CNR Lara Project, Italy: Airborne Laboratory for Environmental Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The increasing interest for the environmental problems and the study of the impact on the environment due to antropic activity produced an enhancement of remote sensing applications. The Italian National Research Council (CNR) established a new laboratory...

R. Bianchi R. M. Cavalli L. Fiumi C. M. Marino S. Pignatti

1995-01-01

250

Environmental Planning in Sweden: No.55. The Abisko Research Station.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report briefly summarizes work being done at the Abisko Research Station operated by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in the extreme north of Sweden. The station has recently attracted attention as a potential member of the global environmental ...

L. Emmelin

1974-01-01

251

Gas, Oil, Coal, and Environmental Biotechnology Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The missions of Biotechnology Research at Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) are to apply biological processes to the production and utilization of fossil energy and related products and to determine ways of accelerating the natural processes by which biol...

1995-01-01

252

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on research in global change, as well as environmental remediation. Global change research investigates the following: distribution and balance of radiative heat energy; identification of the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases; and prediction of changes in the climate and concomitant ecological effects. Environmental remediation develops the basic understanding needed to remediate soils, sediments, and ground water that have undergone radioactive and chemical contamination.

NONE

1996-09-01

253

Environmental Inquiry: Authentic Scientific Research for High School Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environmental Inquiry (EI) features curriculum materials and online resources developed to help students conduct environmental science research and participate in communities of fellow student scientists. EI includes two levels of inquiry, modeled after professional scientific research. First, students learn specific research protocols, then conduct interactive research projects based on the protocols. Downloadable forms help them design experiments and then analyze, interpret, and present the results. Discussion boards and an online peer-review forum provide opportunities for interaction with fellow students. Topics include toxicology, invasive species, biodegradation, and watershed dynamics. Each of these topic areas is supported by a textbook and web-based resources.

254

Applying environmental product design to biomedical products research.  

PubMed

The principal themes for the Biomedical Research and the Environment Conference Committee on Environmental Economics in Biomedical Research include the following: healthcare delivery companies and biomedical research organizations, both nonprofit and for-profit, need to improve their environmental performance; suppliers of healthcare products will be called upon to support this need; and improving the environmental profile of healthcare products begins in research and development (R&D). The committee report begins with requirements from regulatory authorities (e.g., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], the U.S. Food and Drug Administration), and the healthcare delivery sector). The 1998 American Hospital Association and EPA Memorandum of Understanding to reduce solid waste and mercury from healthcare facilities is emblematic of these requirements. The dominant message from the requirements discussion is to ensure that R&D organizations do not ignore customer, environmental, and regulatory requirements in the early stages of product development. Several representatives from healthcare products manufacturers presented their companies' approaches to meeting these requirements. They reported on efforts to ensure that their R&D processes are sensitive to the environmental consequences from manufacturing, distributing, using, and disposing of healthcare products. These reports describe representatives' awareness of requirements and the unique approaches their R&D organizations have taken to meet these requirements. All representatives reported that their R&D organizations have embraced environmental product design because it avoids the potential of returning products to R&D to improve the environmental profile. Additionally, several reports detailed cost savings, sustainability benefits, and improvements in environmental manufacturing or redesign, and increased customer satisfaction. Many companies in healthcare delivery are working to improve environmental performance. Fundamental to these efforts is the necessity of motivating suppliers to improve the environmental profile of new products used in the healthcare delivery sector. PMID:11121364

Messelbeck, J; Sutherland, L

2000-12-01

255

Directions for environmentally biodegradable polymer research  

SciTech Connect

A major factor promoting interest in biodegradable polymers is the growing concern raised by the recalcitrance and unknown environmental fate of many of the currently used synthetic polymers. These polymers include both water-soluble and water-insoluble types. The former are generally specialty polymers with functional groups that effect water solubility such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, amido, etc.; the latter are usually nonfunctional polymers commonly referred to as commodity plastics. Both types of polymers are widely used in many applications. Water-soluble polymers are used, for example, in cosmetics, water treatment, dispersants, thickeners, detergents, and superabsorbents, and they include poly(acrylic acid), polyacrylamide, poly(vinyl alcohol), and poly(ethylene glycol). Plastics are used in packaging, disposable diaper backing, fishing nets, and agricultural film; they include polymers such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, poly(vinyl chloride), poly(ethylene terephthalate), and Nylon 6.6. In this Account, the author presents a personal perspective on definitions and test protocols for biodegradable polymers as well as how they will influence the future direction and developments in the field. However, before doing so he digresses briefly to present a commentary on the role of biodegradable polymers in environmental waste management. This should be useful for those readers unfamiliar with the subject, and it will set the stage for the rest of the discussion. 36 refs., 3 figs.

Swift, G. (Rohm and Haas Company, Spring House, PA (United States))

1993-03-01

256

Creating Meaningful Partnerships Between Communities and Environmental Health Researchers  

PubMed Central

Community engagement is a necessary, although challenging, element of environmental health research in communities. To facilitate the engagement process, direct action community organizing agencies can be useful in bringing together communities and researchers. This article describes the preliminary activities that one direct action community organizing agency used in partnership with researchers to improve community engagement in the first 6 months of an environmental health study conducted in a major U.S. city. Activities included developing communication strategies, creating opportunities for researcher–community interaction, and sustaining project momentum. To conduct environmental research that is both scientifically rigorous and relevant to communities, collaborating partners had to develop professional skills and strategies outside of their areas of expertise.

De Souza, Rachael; Aguilar, Genevieve C.; de Castro, A. B.

2014-01-01

257

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews the history, evolution, and transition of the United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr.

Kent Pandolf (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Ralph Francesconi (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Michael Sawka (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Allen Cymerman (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Reed Hoyt (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Andrew Young (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine)

2011-12-01

258

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

259

Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center  

EPA Science Inventory

The Kerr Center, situated on 16 acres three miles south of Ada, Oklahoma, houses the Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL). The division develops strategies and technologies to protect and restore grou...

260

Merging of Research and Teaching in Developmental Biology: Adaptation of Current Scientific Research Papers for Use in Undergraduate Laboratory Exercises  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two laboratory exercises adopted from current research papers for use in an undergraduate developmental biology course. Gives methods, summary of student results, and student comments. Lists lecture topics, text and reprint assignments, and laboratory exercises for course. (EB)

Lee, H. H.; and others

1970-01-01

261

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HAIPER) is an advanced airborne research platform which is currently being built and modified for application in environmental research. The aircraft is maintained and operated for the National Science Foundation by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo. HIAPER is described as "a new research aircraft with exceptional capabilities." The series of missions for this aircraft, which is scheduled to arrive at NCAR's Jefferson County Airport (JeffCo) facility on Friday, March 11, are beginning in 2005. The website provides information on the research project and the aircraft specifications, as well as photos of the aircraft, a glossary of terms used in aviation and in the atmospheric research community, and links to related websites.

262

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2011-07-01

263

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2010-07-01

264

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

265

40 CFR 18.9 - Duration of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Duration of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.9 Section 18.9 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

266

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows. 18.7 Section 18.7 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2013-07-01

267

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2012-07-01

268

Studies in Teaching. 1995 Research Digest. Papers Presented at the Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of papers reporting student research projects at the Annual Research Forum, Department of Education, Wake Forest University (North Carolina). They include: "Student Interest in Studying World History in Relation to Current Events" (Conan Arthur); "Perceptions of High School Student Athletes and Athletics" (Edward Barrett);…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

269

Research Universities: Core of the U.S. Science and Technology System. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.5.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the historical development of the American research and technology enterprise from its origins in the post-Civil War period to its current international dominance in the discovery and dissemination of scientific knowledge. U.S. research universities have become the vital center of this enterprise over the past 60 years. But…

Atkinson, Richard C.; Blanpied, William A.

2007-01-01

270

The Dimensions of Education: Recent Research on School Size. Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews selected research of the past decade concerning the optimal size of elementary and secondary schools in the United States. By quoting from primary sources, it seeks to present the character, substance, and trend of the school size debate; to identify principal researchers and findings; and to serve as a resource document. Small…

Williams, Davant T.

271

"Can I Write About My Life?" The Research Paper and the Inexperienced Writer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inexperienced writers can become inspired researchers when they are allowed and encouraged to write about what matters to them. The traditional research paper assignment inflicts torture on students in two ways: (1) by the process it demands--basically a frenzied series of new learning tasks; and (2) by the mystery surrounding its codes--rarely do…

MacDonald, Susan Peck

272

Stating the case for nursing research ethics committees: a discussion paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progression of nurse education from apprentice to educational courses in response to demands forstrengthening professional status has led to an increase of nursing research proposals at Level 3 and beyond. Accordingly, the demands on ethics committees in considering ethico-legal aspects of such proposals have also risen. Historically, this function has fallen to (medical) local research ethics committees. This paper considers

Theresa Mitchell; Ian Fletcher

1998-01-01

273

The Emerging Paradigm of Afrocentric Research Methods. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers fundamental questions raised in the current debate about Afrocentric research methods in the social sciences. The discussion covers feminist, critical theory, radical humanist, radical structuralist, ethnographic, naturalistic inquiry, constructivism, and phenomenological inquiry approaches to research. The working definition…

Milam, John H., Jr.

274

Environmental Education Research in Southern Africa: Dilemmas of Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These multiple framings of our reflections on environmental education research in southern Africa are written as dilemmas of interpretation that aim to disrupt any temptation to generalise or essentialise its qualities and characteristics. Recognising that research is a textual practice, we use J. M. Coetzee's portrayal of the dilemmas faced by…

Gough, Annette; Gough, Noel

2004-01-01

275

An Exploration of Future Trends in Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes future trends in environmental education (EE) research based on a mixed-methods study where data were collected through a content analysis of peer-reviewed articles published in EE journals between 2005 and 2010; interviews with experts engaged in EE research and sustainability-related fields; surveys with current EE…

Ardoin, Nicole M.; Clark, Charlotte; Kelsey, Elin

2013-01-01

276

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement-Building  

PubMed Central

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher-participant relationships, academic-community interaction, and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others’ research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper we introduce the concept of reflexive research ethics: ethical guidelines and decision-making principles that depend on continual reflexivity concerning the relationships between researchers and participants. Seeing ethics in this way can help scientists conduct research that simultaneously achieves a high level of professional conduct and protects the rights, well-being, and autonomy of both researchers and the multiple publics affected by research. We highlight our research with community-based organizations in Massachusetts, California, and Alaska, and discuss the potential impacts of the community or social movement on the research process and the potential impacts of research on community or social movement goals. We conclude by discussing ways in which the ethical concerns that surface in community-engaged research have led to advances in ethical research practices. This type of work raises ethical questions whose answers are broadly relevant for social movement, environmental, and public health scholars.

Cordner, Alissa; Ciplet, David; Brown, Phil; Morello-Frosch, Rachel

2012-01-01

277

Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position paper, in collaboration with EFA  

PubMed Central

In less than half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health threat, today affecting the lives of more than 60 million people in Europe, and probably close to one billion worldwide, thereby heavily impacting the budgets of public health systems. More disturbingly, its prevalence and impact are on the rise, a development that has been associated with environmental and lifestyle changes accompanying the continuous process of urbanization and globalization. Therefore, there is an urgent need to prioritize and concert research efforts in the field of allergy, in order to achieve sustainable results on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of this most prevalent chronic disease of the 21st century. The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is the leading professional organization in the field of allergy, promoting excellence in clinical care, education, training and basic and translational research, all with the ultimate goal of improving the health of allergic patients. The European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations (EFA) is a non-profit network of allergy, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) patients’ organizations. In support of their missions, the present EAACI Position Paper, in collaboration with EFA, highlights the most important research needs in the field of allergy to serve as key recommendations for future research funding at the national and European levels. Although allergies may involve almost every organ of the body and an array of diverse external factors act as triggers, there are several common themes that need to be prioritized in research efforts. As in many other chronic diseases, effective prevention, curative treatment and accurate, rapid diagnosis represent major unmet needs. Detailed phenotyping/endotyping stands out as widely required in order to arrange or re-categorize clinical syndromes into more coherent, uniform and treatment-responsive groups. Research efforts to unveil the basic pathophysiologic pathways and mechanisms, thus leading to the comprehension and resolution of the pathophysiologic complexity of allergies will allow for the design of novel patient-oriented diagnostic and treatment protocols. Several allergic diseases require well-controlled epidemiological description and surveillance, using disease registries, pharmacoeconomic evaluation, as well as large biobanks. Additionally, there is a need for extensive studies to bring promising new biotechnological innovations, such as biological agents, vaccines of modified allergen molecules and engineered components for allergy diagnosis, closer to clinical practice. Finally, particular attention should be paid to the difficult-to-manage, precarious and costly severe disease forms and/or exacerbations. Nonetheless, currently arising treatments, mainly in the fields of immunotherapy and biologicals, hold great promise for targeted and causal management of allergic conditions. Active involvement of all stakeholders, including Patient Organizations and policy makers are necessary to achieve the aims emphasized herein.

2012-01-01

278

Training in Business and Industry. Selected Research Papers, 1995. AERA Special Interest Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 7 of the 10 papers presented at the 1995 program of the American Educational Research Association's special interest group, Training in Business and Industry. The following papers are included: "A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Integrating Evaluation and Training" (Jo D. Gallagher); "Comparing Managers and Employees in Team…

Mulder, Martin, Ed.

279

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 44th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of papers presented to the 44th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic of the session at which they were presented. Separate sessions were devoted to elementary, secondary, junior high school, and college and university science teaching, with papers on evaluation,…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

280

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. R&D in a Post-Divestiture World Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers consider the effect of divestiture on the research and development capacity of Bell Telephone. The first paper, "Forecasts of the Impact of Divestiture on Bell Telephone Laboratories: An Assessment" (David C. Mowery), discusses the operation of Bell Telephone Laboratories (BTL) prior to divestiture in 1984 and reviews forecasts of the…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

281

Studies of Interaction. Working Paper of the Language Behavior Research Laboratory, No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers are provided. Mary Rainey's paper, "Style Switching in a Head Start Class," considers speech styles used in the classroom. "Language Acquisition in the Deaf: Some Suggestions for Inclusion in the Field Manual," by Carol Pfuderer, suggests areas of psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic research relevant to the exploration of deaf…

Rainey, Mary; And Others

282

Compilation of K-12 Action Research Papers in Language Arts Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this compilation are the result of K-12 action research projects and were submitted in partial fulfillment for a variety of degrees from Winona State University (Minnesota). The compilation contains the following nine papers: "Will Playing Background Music in My Classroom Help Increase Student Spelling Scores?" (Jonathan L. Wright);…

Sherman, Thomas F.; Lundquist, Margaret

283

Environmental impact assessment of a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill--A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill in Sabah, Malaysia, is presented. The EIA before the mill construction included, among other things, a detailed baseline study and also environmental impact predictions based on certain mill design and pollution abatement measures. Subsequent to mill construction (during the operational stage), data

M. Mohamed; L. Landner

1993-01-01

284

Barriers to the development of environmental management accounting : An exploratory study of pulp and paper companies in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to attempt to gain an understanding of the root causes of barriers to the development of environmental management accounting in organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study employs semi-structured interviews with key informants accompanied by site observations. Key informants include chief operating officers, environmental managers and accounting directors of three pulp and paper companies

Watchaneeporn Setthasakko

2010-01-01

285

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Ecosystems Research Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research at the Environmental Protection Agency's Ecosystems Research Division (ERD) "includes studies of the behavior of contaminants, nutrients, and biota in environmental systems, and the development of mathematical models to assess the response of aquatic systems, watersheds and landscapes to stresses from natural and anthropogenic sources." The ERD website contains information about a wide variety of research foci including: Nitrogen and Redox Speciation in Environmental Systems; Lock Lake Tidal Marsh Study; Exposure Analysis Modeling System; Oil Spills; Brownfields, and more. The site offers a collection of downloadable publications and fact sheets and lists complete publications from 1995 onward as well. Site visitors will also find contact information for staff, presentation abstracts, information about various research opportunities, and a link to available ERD software.

286

Bibliography of Papers Presented at Meetings or in Technical Journals on Studies of the Mobility and Environmental Systems Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a bibliography of papers related to activities of the Mobility and Environmental Systems Laboratory of the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station published in technical journals, special publications, transactions, or proceed...

M. P. Meyer

1975-01-01

287

NASA Ames Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program: 1986 research papers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Engineering enrollments are rising in universities; however the graduate engineering shortage continues. Particularly, women and minorities will be underrepresented for many years. As one means of solving this shortage, Federal agencies facing future scientific and technological challenges were asked to participate in the Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program (SHARP). This program was created to provide an engineering experience for gifted female and minority high school students at an age when they could still make career and education decisions. The SHARP program is designed for high school juniors who are U.S. citizens, are 16 years old, and who have very high promise in math and science through outstanding academic performance in high school. Students who are accepted into this summer program will earn as they learn by working 8 hr days in a 5-day work week. Reports from SHARP students are presented.

Powell, Patricia

1988-01-01

288

Research for the People--Research by the People. Selected Papers from the International Forum on Participatory Research (Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally presented at a forum on participatory research, these theoretical papers and case studies represent an effort to place the overall work of participatory research within the larger theoretical context of research methods, education, and structural change. In the first paper Orlando Fals Borda explores the relationship between science and…

Dubell, Folke, Ed.; And Others

289

SUMMARY OF DRILLING FLUID RESEARCH ACTIVITIES, U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, GULF BREEZE  

EPA Science Inventory

Drilling-fluid related research at the U.S. EPA Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, is summarized. The program is conducted primarily through contracts, grants, and some inhouse projects designed to assess the potential hazard to the marine environment from fluids dis...

290

Biomedical Research Institute, Biomedical Research Foundation of Northwest Louisiana, Shreveport, Louisiana. Environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-0789, evaluating the environmental impacts of construction and operation of a Biomedical Research Institute (BRI) at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Medical Center, Shreveport, Louisiana. The purpose of the BRI is to accelerate the development of biomedical research in cardiovascular disease, molecular biology, and neurobiology. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required.

Not Available

1992-05-02

291

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect, or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health research program emphasizes the validation of appropriate biologic markers and their application to high-priority Agency issues. The rationale for EPA's biomarker research program is presented, and future research directions are discussed. Exposure biomarkers will receive most of the research emphasis in the near term, particularly body burden indicators of exposure to high-priority chemicals, such as benzene, ozone, selected heavy metals, and organophosphate pesticides. Research on effects biomarkers will attempt to validate the relationship between the observed biological effects and adverse health consequences in humans, especially for cancer, pulmonary toxicity, immunotoxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity.

Fowle, J.R. III; Sexton, K. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-11-01

292

Environmental Management Science Program Research Projects to Improve Decontamination and Decommissioning of U.S. Department of Energy Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes fourteen basic science projects aimed at solving decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) problems within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Funded by the Environmental Science Management Program (EMSP), these research projects add...

A. M. Phillips

2003-01-01

293

Research on noise and environmental issues. Transportation Research Record  

SciTech Connect

The 12 papers in the report deal with the following areas: Summary of highway noise barrier construction in the United States; Effectiveness of traffic noise barrier on I-74 in Campbell County, Kentucky; Analysis and programs for assessment of absorptive and tilted parallel barriers; Tilted Parallel Barrier Program: application and verification; Construction noise: I-78 through the Watchung Reservation; Highway traffic noise prediction for microcomputers: modeling of Ontario simplified program; Noise barriers and the community involvement process; Overview of NJDOT's mitigation program; Acoustical insulation design for existing schools and residences near San Francisco International Airport; Development and verification of the California line source dispersion model; Dispersion characteristics of flows in asymmetric street canyons and sensitivity to block shape; Corrections to hot- and cold-start vehicle fractions for microscale air-quality modeling.

Weiss, M.; Creasey, F.T.; Agent, K.R.; Slutsky, S.; Bertoni, H.L.

1988-01-01

294

Statistical and Scientometric Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain statistic and scientometric features of articles published in the journal "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) are examined in this paper for the period 1992-2009 by applying nonparametric statistics and Shannon's entropy (diversity) formula. The main findings of this analysis are: (a) after 2004,…

Papadimitriou, Fivos; Kidman, Gillian

2012-01-01

295

Research progress in the use of ferrate(VI) for the environmental remediation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to review the research progress of using ferrate(VI) in following fields of environmental remediation: (1) water disinfection; (2) degradation of synthetic organic pollutants; (3) treatment of emerging organic pollutants; (4) oxidation of inorganic pollutants; (5) removing humic substance; (6) wastewater treatment and disinfection; and (7) sewage sludge treatment. Whilst the superior performance of potassium

J. Q. Jiang

2007-01-01

296

A Community-Based Social Marketing Campaign at Pacific University Oregon: Recycling, Paper Reduction, and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to design a community-based social marketing (CBSM) campaign to foster sustainable behavior change in paper reduction, commingled recycling, and purchasing environmentally preferred products (EPP) with faculty and staff at Pacific University Oregon. Design/methodology/approach: A CBSM campaign was developed…

Cole, Elaine J.; Fieselman, Laura

2013-01-01

297

Protecting Privacy and Confidentiality in Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

Environmental health researchers often need to make difficult decisions on how to protect privacy and confidentiality when they conduct research in the home or workplace. These dilemmas are different from those normally encountered in clinical research. Although protecting privacy and confidentiality is one of the most important principles of research involving human subjects, it can be overridden to prevent imminent harm to individuals or if required by law. Investigators should carefully consider the facts and circumstances and use good judgment when deciding whether to breach privacy or confidentiality.

Resnik, David B.

2011-01-01

298

The University of Birmingham - Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Birmingham introduces the goal of its department of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences' (GEES) research to link climate, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology studies in order to build integrated models of fluvial systems. Users can find ample information about the goals and significance in its many projects which include riparian hydroecology, hydrology of cold environments, hydrogeomorphology, and channel sedimentation dynamics. Most of the materials contain an abundance of links to help users fully understand the Earth Surface Systems research. Along with the research of the staff, the site supplies introductions to many of the PhD research students' work.

299

A Guide for Writing Research Papers based on Modern Language Association (MLA) Documentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the Humanities Department and The Arthur C. Banks Jr. Library at Capital Community-Technical College in Hartford, Connecticut, this site offers a basic guide to writing research papers based on MLA guidelines. The guide covers topics from gathering materials to the works cited page, with tips for using outlines, working with quotations, formatting the paper, and using parenthetical documentation. Numerous examples and related links are provided.

300

Sustainable tourism research: an analysis of papers published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews a content analysis of papers published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism, the only journal exclusively devoted to sustainable tourism research over the past 15 years (1993–2007). Based on a detailed examination of the contents, a database was developed which consists of information about (1) volume\\/number\\/year; (2) study areas; (3) forms of tourism; (4) subject themes; (5)

Jiaying Lu

2009-01-01

301

Identifying Related Documents For Research Paper Recommender By CPA and COA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work-in-progress paper introduces two new approaches called Citation Proximity Analysis (CPA) and Citation Order Analysis (COA). They can be applied to identify related documents for the purpose of research paper recommender systems. CPA is a variant of co-citation analysis that additionally considers the proximity of citations to each other within an article's full-text. The underlying idea is that the

Bela Gipp; Jöran Beel

302

EDITORIAL: The need and challenge for Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why another journal? This is the inevitable question that every effort to launch a new journal must, and should, address. A common statistic in the business world is that nine out of ten new restaurants fail. In the academic world something similar, but less definitive, can happen: a potentially interesting, but practically flawed, effort can be launched, never truly build an intellectual community, but then continue as a sub-critical, little-known journal for far too long. The challenge any new publication, academic or professional, faces is thus extreme. A new journal must find a way to usefully compete, and bring new value, in the face of multiple existing outlets for significant results, tremendous barriers to establishing a 'track record' or 'name recognition' against existing publications, and a print and a cyberspace increasingly desperate in the search for 'content', scientific or otherwise. In the case of Environmental Research Letters (ERL), however, these questions answered themselves and, as a result, I cannot imagine a more critically needed new publication. Indeed, the goal of ERL is to be more than simply one more good new journal. It is to be a place—both physical and online—that those engaged in environmental issues—from researchers within the physical and natural sciences, to those concerned with applied systems studies, modeling and simulation techniques, practical engagement in environmental activism, and developing, conducting or critiquing policy, legal, or business efforts—will all want to go to read, and to engage with colleagues. The environmental field has witnessed an incredible intellectual and professional proliferation. The areas of ecological resilience, global change science, policy, law and economics, industrial ecology, green buildings, environmental genomics, environmental archaeology, and the sociology of environmental movements have become increasingly regarded and, to varying degrees, recognized themselves as major fields. To that illustrative list, the number and diversity of emerging areas of investigation have also blossomed—from the economics of biodiversity, to the interface of synthetic biology and agro- and bioenergy crops and systems, to the potential of the nanotechnology/energy interface to become the 'next trillion dollar industry', environment, science, and technology are changing at incredible rates. While many of these areas have, or will have, highly focused journals and publications, a massive void has developed in the linking and dialog around what are the truly seminal advances in environmental science, social science, business, law, and policy. The need for this dialog is vital, and yet it is far too easy to forget in the hectic and information overloaded academic, business, governmental, and non-governmental communities. Everyone recognizes that environmental research and practice today exists within an increasingly interdisciplinary setting. That simple statement, often echoed, but easily forgotten on a day-to-day basis, is the intellectual glue that we must not neglect, and from which will come many of the advances that make understanding the environment so unique. ERL begins publication this month, October 2006, in an intellectual milieu that lacks a journal and a forum for such an environmental discussion and dialog. Until now, there has been no place to access the combination of environmental research breadth and depth that is the goal of ERL. The format of the journal is intended to facilitate such exchanges. ERL will be built around concise, high-impact original research Letters that present important results from across the environmental spectrum. As the first open-access journal to cover the whole of environmental science, our aim for ERL is to offer: Completely free access to original research of the highest quality. The environmental research and action community is diverse, both intellectually and geographically. ERL's open-access publishing model will make it a truly unique resource for scholars in developed and developing nations, as well a

Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-11-01

303

Quantum computing at the Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (Plenary Paper)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Air Force Research Laboratory leads the discovery, development, and integration of affordable war fighting technologies for our air and space forces. In particular, the Information Directorate"s mission is to advance and apply Information Systems Science and Technology to provide Information Dominance. This paper discusses why the Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate is concerned with researching prospective computing architectures for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance applications. Projects addressing quantum information science and quantum computing will be discussed, highlighting where these technologies offer potential disruptive technology solutions for the Air Force.

Drager, Steven L.; Walsh, Lois D.

2005-05-01

304

Research and the promotion of child health: a position paper of the European society for pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition.  

PubMed

Children comprise one-fifth of Europe's population. Promoting child health and development is of key importance for society and its future. This position paper highlights opportunities of investing in gastrointestinal, liver, and nutritional research to promote child health and delineates priorities for research. Investing in child health plays a key role in the promotion of population health, well-being, and disease prevention lifelong, with large health economic benefits. Major opportunities for improving knowledge and translational application arise from recent scientific and technological developments, for example, the long-term impact of early environmental cues interacting with genes. Personalised approaches to therapy and prevention should be enhanced. Deciphering the microbiome and its effects on functions can help in promoting long-term health. Epigenetic research can help to understand how early environmental factors influence later gastrointestinal and hepatic health and disease. A linked nutrition and physical activity strategy can promote health and prevent nutritional deficiencies, inactivity, and chronic noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes, to ensure optimal health and cognition. Special attention should be devoted to populations with low socioeconomic status, migrant background, and ethnic minorities, and to critical life periods, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, and childhood. Improved understanding of optimal nutrition and on maintaining gut and liver homeostasis throughout childhood will help prevent chronic diseases in later life. PMID:24796801

Koletzko, Berthold; Kolacek, Sanja; Phillips, Alan; Troncone, Riccardo; Vandenplas, Yvan; Baumann, Ulrich; van Goudoever, Johannes; de Swarte, Casper; Benninga, Marc; Mearin, Luisa

2014-08-01

305

Environmental Systems Research Candidates Program--FY2000 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program, which is scheduled to end September 2001, was established in April 2000 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to provide key science and technology to meet the clean-up mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management, and perform research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the progress and accomplishments of the ESRC Program from April through September 2000. The ESRC Program consists of 24 tasks subdivided within four research areas: A. Environmental Characterization Science and Technology. This research explores new data acquisition, processing, and interpretation methods that support cleanup and long-term stewardship decisions. B. Subsurface Understanding. This research expands understanding of the biology, chemistry, physics, hydrology, and geology needed to improve models of contamination problems in the earth’s subsurface. C. Environmental Computational Modeling. This research develops INEEL computing capability for modeling subsurface contaminants and contaminated facilities. D. Environmental Systems Science and Technology. This research explores novel processes to treat waste and decontaminate facilities. Our accomplishments during FY 2000 include the following: • We determined, through analysis of samples taken in and around the INEEL site, that mercury emissions from the INEEL calciner have not raised regional off-INEEL mercury contamination levels above normal background. • We have initially demonstrated the use of x-ray fluorescence to image uranium and heavy metal concentrations in soil samples. • We increased our understanding of the subsurface environment; applying mathematical complexity theory to the problem of transport of subsurface contaminants. • We upgraded the INEEL’s high-speed computer link to offsite supercomputers from T1 (1.5 MB/s) to DS3 (45 MB/s). Procurements have initiated a further upgrade to OC3 (155 MB/s) with additional onsite computational power that should put the INEEL on the Top 500 Supercomputing Sites list. • We developed advanced decontamination, decommissioning, and dismantlement techniques, including the Decontamination, Decommissioning, and Remediation Optimal Planning System.

Piet, Steven James

2001-01-01

306

Scientific integrity: critical issues in environmental health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental health research is a relatively new scientific area with much interdisciplinary collaboration. Regardless of which human population is included in field studies (e.g., general population, working population, children, elderly, vulnerable sub-groups, etc.) their conduct must guarantee well acknowledged ethical principles. These principles, along with codes of conduct, are aimed at protecting study participants from research-related undesired effects and guarantee

Domenico Franco Merlo; Kirsi Vahakangas; Lisbeth E Knudsen

2008-01-01

307

Personalized Exposure Assessment: Promising Approaches for Human Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

New technologies and methods for assessing human exposure to chemicals, dietary and lifestyle factors, infectious agents, and other stressors provide an opportunity to extend the range of human health investigations and advance our understanding of the relationship between environmental exposure and disease. An ad hoc Committee on Environmental Exposure Technology Development was convened to identify new technologies and methods for deriving personalized exposure measurements for application to environmental health studies. The committee identified a “toolbox” of methods for measuring external (environmental) and internal (biologic) exposure and assessing human behaviors that influence the likelihood of exposure to environmental agents. The methods use environmental sensors, geographic information systems, biologic sensors, toxicogenomics, and body burden (biologic) measurements. We discuss each of the methods in relation to current use in human health research; specific gaps in the development, validation, and application of the methods are highlighted. We also present a conceptual framework for moving these technologies into use and acceptance by the scientific community. The framework focuses on understanding complex human diseases using an integrated approach to exposure assessment to define particular exposure–disease relationships and the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in disease occurrence. Improved methods for exposure assessment will result in better means of monitoring and targeting intervention and prevention programs.

Weis, Brenda K.; Balshaw, David; Barr, John R.; Brown, David; Ellisman, Mark; Lioy, Paul; Omenn, Gilbert; Potter, John D.; Smith, Martyn T.; Sohn, Lydia; Suk, William A.; Sumner, Susan; Swenberg, James; Walt, David R.; Watkins, Simon; Thompson, Claudia; Wilson, Samuel H.

2005-01-01

308

Health and Environmental Research: summary of accomplishments. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This is an account of some of the accomplishments of the health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Both direct and indirect societal benefits emerged from the new knowledge provided by the health and environmental research program. In many cases, the private sector took this knowledge and applied it well beyond the mission of supporting the defense and energy needs of the Nation. Industrial and medical applications, for example, have in several instances provided annual savings to society of $100 million or more. The form of this presentation is, in fact, through ''snapshots'' - examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of the areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The program's worth is not necessarily confined to such accomplishments; it extends, rather, to its ability to identify and help solve potential health and environmental problems before they become critical. This anticipatory mission has been pursued with an approach that combines applied problem solving with a commitment to fundamental research that is long-term and high-risk. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

Not Available

1986-08-01

309

Environmental Security Training Workshop (Center for Strategic Leadership. Issue Paper Volume 03-05, January 2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM) Theater Security Cooperation Program for Central America reached a new level of success with the completion of the Environmental Security Training Workshop in Alajuela, Costa Rica. The seven-day conference g...

K. H. Butts A. Sonski J. Reynolds

2005-01-01

310

AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers: Socio-Psychological Dimensions, Research Design and Safety. Volume II, Book 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection focuses on research topics in physical education and athletics and includes the following papers: Methodological Problems in the Assessment of Personality from the Psychoanalytic, Behavioral and Cognitive Positions; Some Factors Affecting the Performance of Women in Sports and Activity; Multivariate Considerations in Children's…

Cox, Richard H., Ed.

311

IFLA General Conference, 1986. General Research Libraries Division. Section: University Libraries and Other General Research Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers on university libraries and other general research libraries were presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. "Activities of the National Centers for Overseas Periodicals" (Keinosuke Imamura, Japan) describes the functions of the eight Japanese university libraries designated as National…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

312

Smart Sensor Arrays for Environmental and Atmospheric Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an examination of how smart sensory arrays can be used to study complex, interwoven environmental and meteorological processes. We begin with a summary of challenges researchers confront as they attempt to combine various measurements and modeling approaches into integrated land-atmosphere views. We describe land-atmosphere process models in general. We propose an architecture of sensors arrays that will incorporate land-atmosphere processes, their interactions and scale. A set of system design requirements are developed that convert the hardware design of the sensor nodes, the design of the sensor network and the capabilities for remote data access and management into a configuration suitable for land-atmosphere research. We present a specific instance of the architecture for monitoring carbon sequestration in subalpine forests. The proposed deployed network will consist of 320 microscale nodes, 9 mesoscale nodes and 2 network nodes. The application driven design exercise serves to identify important areas of further work in data sampling, communications, network retasking and health monitoring. Key Works : Array - collection of sensors in a network; Cluster - a dynamic connection of higher-level nodes with local lower-level nodes; Event - Internally generated or externally received diagnostic (including network), sensed or derived signal requiring response evaluation; Microscale -spatial scales 10 meters or less; Mesoscale - spatial scales 10 meters to 10 kilometers; Node - physical and conceptual model of a sensor in a network; Sensor - combination of one or more transducers, a data input/output(I/O) component, a power component, and a transmitter component; Transducer - sensor component that converts state property (temperature, humidity) to electronic signal. Examples: thermister, capacitive moisture transducer, etc.

Laffea, L. L.; Monson, R. K.; Schimel, D.

2004-12-01

313

Plan-Do-Check-Act and the Management of Institutional Research. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the application of a Total Quality Management strategy called Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) to the projects and activities of an institutional research office at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. PDCA is a cycle designed to facilitate incremental continual improvement through change. The specific steps are…

McLaughlin, Gerald W.; Snyder, Julie K.

314

Internet Administration of Paper-and-Pencil Questionnaires Used in Couple Research: Assessing Psychometric Equivalence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the psychometric equivalence of paper-and-pencil and Internet formats of key questionnaires used in couple research. Self-report questionnaires assessing interpersonal constructs (relationship satisfaction, communication/conflict management, partner support, emotional intimacy) and intrapersonal constructs (individual traits,…

Brock, Rebecca L.; Barry, Robin A.; Lawrence, Erika; Dey, Jodi; Rolffs, Jaci

2012-01-01

315

Mona Lisa Writes a Letter: An Alternative to the Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an alternative to the research paper for a course on Sexism in Literature, the idea of looking at feminine beauty through time and space was borrowed from Kenneth Clark's book, "Feminine Beauty." After a field trip to the Honolulu Academy of Arts and a background survey of library materials, each student chose a reproduction about which to…

Fuchs, Gaynell M.

316

The Role of Institutional Research in Student Evaluations of Teaching. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role played by an office of institutional research in developing a new student evaluation of teaching protocol. At Southeastern Louisiana University, a comprehensive 4-year public institution, the administration appointed a campus-wide committee to study the student evaluations of teaching and to make recommendations for…

Hall, Michelle; Baldwin, Beatrice

317

Intermediate Level Skills: How Are They Changing? Skills Task Force Research Paper 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the demand for and supply of intermediate-level vocational skills within the United Kingdom (UK) economy. Using existing research from surveys and case studies, Part One argues that there is a lack of evidence that widespread intermediate-skill shortages exist within the expanding service sector. In the manufacturing sector,…

Lloyd, Caroline; Steedman, Hilary

318

Adults' Informal Learning: Definitions, Findings, Gaps, and Future Research. NALL Working Paper #21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on adult informal learning is divided into four sections. Section 1 examines different conceptions of informal learning and the issues and limitations associated with alternative definitions of informal learning. Section 2 is a review of empirical research on the estimated extent, role, and outcomes of informal learning and posited…

Livingstone, D. W.

319

The Use of Radar Imagery in Climatological Research. Resource Paper No. 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to supplement undergraduate college geography courses, this resource paper investigates the need and use of radar in weather phenomena research. Radar can be used to study weather phenomena over a wide area, thus improving the results of statistical analyses previously limited by inadequate data. Radar techniques are also useful for…

Williams, Aaron, Jr.

320

The Top American Research Universities. An Occasional Paper from the Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers an alternative ranking of top American research universities, criticizing the methodology used by US News & World Report and its commercialization. It begins by questioning two "givens"--the American pursuit of the "best" and the rankings "game" of trying to define the best colleges and universities. Following a brief discussion…

Lombardi, John V.; Craig, Diane D.; Capaldi, Elizabeth D.; Gater, Denise S.

321

Research Advances: Paper Batteries, Phototriggered Microcapsules, and Oil-Free Plastic Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemists continue to work at the forefront of materials science research. Recent advances include application of bioengineering to produce plastics from renewable biomass instead of petroleum, generation of paper-based batteries, and development of phototriggerable microcapsules for chemical delivery. In this article, the author provides summaries…

King, Angela G.

2010-01-01

322

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 49th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides abstracts of papers presented at the 49th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) held in San Francisco, April 23-25, 1976. The entries represent a wide range of topics in the field of science education. The themes recurring most often are related to the fields of: (1)…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

323

National Association for Research in Science Teaching. 50th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides abstracts of papers presented at the 50th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching held in Cincinnati, Ohio March 22-24, 1977. The entries represent a wide range of topics in the field of science education. Topics include instruction, teacher education, learning, enrollments, concept…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

324

National Association for Research in Science Teaching, 45th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of papers presented to the 45th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic for the session at which they were presented. Series of sessions were devoted to test and instrument development, evaluation, learning theory, verbal behavior, instructional methods and…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

325

Information Sources on Scientific Research Related to the Preservation of Books, Paper, and Adhesives. Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Produced as part of an effort by the Commission on Preservation and Access to assist with the formation of a preservation research agenda, this report contains: (1) a directory of laboratories and organizations working in the four specific areas of concern in preservation--books, paper, adhesives, and mold; (2) directories of indexes, abstracts,…

Commission on Preservation and Access, Washington, DC.

326

Conceptual Strategies for Utilizing Research and Development Products in Education. Occasional Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effective utilization of research and development products ranks as one of the top priorities in American public education. The document contains two concept papers by recognized authorities on knowledge utilization activities: A Diffusion Mechanism for the Center for Vocational and Technical Education, Egon G. Guba; and Alternative Diffusion…

Guba, Egon G.; Brickell, Henry M.

327

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

328

Research for Performance Based Vocational Education in Indiana. A Position Paper. Information Series Number Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This position paper describes Indiana's research goals and efforts to develop a student-centered, industry-referenced approach to performance based vocational education (PBVE) programs and curricula. The introductory section traces the state's efforts to establish priorities and systematically develop performance based programs and describes…

West, Bill R.

329

Starting from Scratch: Teacher to Researcher and Back Again. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Berwyn Clayton has been involved in the VET (vocational education and training) sector for over 25 years. After beginning her career as a teacher, Berwyn became a pioneer in promoting the value of research. With a record of over 30 publications and 25 conference papers or journal articles, Berwyn has created an impressive body of knowledge,…

Clayton, Berwyn

2012-01-01

330

A Review of Recent Near Infrared Research for Wood and Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article introduces recent technical and scientific reports in terms of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in the wood and paper science and industry, where interest has increased during the last couple decades. Many researchers reported the NIR technique was useful to detect multi information in both chemical and physical properties of wood materials, although it was widely used in

Satoru Tsuchikawa

2007-01-01

331

The Distribution of Mexico's Public Spending on Education. Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that education in Mexico has played a crucial role in the process of earnings formation and that returns to education have increased only in the higher levels of education and in the upper tail of the conditional earnings distribution. This paper examines the public educational expenditure patterns in the face of possible…

Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys; Salinas, Angel

332

GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS TOOL FOR HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (GATHER)  

EPA Science Inventory

GATHER, Geographic Analysis Tool for Health and Environmental Research, is an online spatial data access system that provides members of the public health community and general public access to spatial data that is pertinent to the analysis and exploration of public health issues...

333

Environmental Research In Practice: Restoration And Protection Of Water Resources  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is tasked to protect human health and the environment. To carry out this task, the EPA makes use of technical expertise within its Office of Research and Development. Restoration and protection of water resources is one area of tec...

334

MULTIMEDIA ASSESSMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH NEEDS OF THE CEMENT INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This project was initiated to obtain a comprehensive assessment of the cement industry and its environmental research needs. This report contains a profile of the U.S. cement industry; an analysis of the cement manufacturing processes; a discussion of waste stream characteristics...

335

A system architecture for collaborative environmental modeling research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This relates to early stage research that aims to build an integrated toolbox of instruments that can be used for environmental modeling tasks. The application area described is grape growing and wine production. A comparative study including data gathered in both New Zealand and Chile is described. Using both passive and sensor technology data is gathered from atmosphere, vines, and

Philip Sallis; Subana Shanmuganathan; Leopoldo Pavesi; M. C. Jarur Munoz

2008-01-01

336

THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S WATERSHED MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAM: AN OVERVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has directed much attention to watersheds and water quality during its tenure as the United States Federal Agency charged with protection of human health and the environment. Watershed research as a vehicle to understand the interaction ...

337

EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself

Daniel M. Kammen

2008-01-01

338

ROLE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S AIR AND ENERGY ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the major role played by quality assurance (QA) in the environmental engineering research programs conducted by EPA's Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) in Research Triangle Park, NC. Consistent with Agency policy, AEERL requires that all d...

339

Role of quality assurance in the US Environmental Protection Agency's Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the major role played by quality assurance (QA) in the environmental engineering research programs conducted by EPA's Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) in Research Triangle Park, NC. Consistent with Agency policy, AEERL requires that all data collection be documented by approved QA Project Plans, which establish the data quality needed for a project. AEERL has developed an innovative Project Category approach to QA plan documentation which bases the mandatory reporting elements on the type of research project and the intended use of the data (e.g., rulemaking, fundamental research). This approach is also applied to audits, which ensure that QA requirements are implemented properly. AEERL has implemented a comprehensive QA program based on detailed QA Project Plans, QA audits, and final report reviews which can be readily adapted to other environmentally related, data collection activities at the Federal, State, and local levels.

Johnson, G.L.; Ford, J.S.; Kulkarni, S.; Smith, F.

1986-07-01

340

The concept of externality: Implications for TVA Environmental Research Center  

SciTech Connect

Pollution of the environment is a result of the economic activities of production and consumption. And although the market system is touted as the superior method of organizing and operating an economic system, society frequently is dissatisfied with some of the side effects. In these cases of market failure, a cry for intervention often is raised to obtain more socially-desirable solutions. Environmental pollution is one symptom of market failure. If the TVA Environmental Research Center is to focus on defining solutions to environmental problems and designing policy options for implementing such solutions, its efforts should benefit from an understanding of why the market fails and how it may be adjusted to produce more socially-desirable results. The purposes of this report are to: (1) promote an appreciation for and understanding of the concept of externality; (2) demonstrate the utility of the concept in the design and packaging of policy and technology for improved environmental performance; (3) provide a brief summary of the externality valuation issue currently being debated by the electric power industry; and (4) identify environmental research and development agenda opportunities or strategic considerations suggested for the Center by this review.

Foster, T.H.

1994-06-01

341

NERP: Data from DOE's National Environmental Research Parks  

DOE Data Explorer

The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The research parks were established by DOE and its predecessors, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration. The seven parks are administered through the regional DOE Operations Offices and coordinated and guided by the Office of Energy Research through the Office of Health and Environment Research. Data available varies across the specific NERP sites. The sites are: • Savannah River: 198,000 acres, Southern Mixed Forest ecosystem. Savannah River NERP website is http://www.uga.edu/srel/Fact_Sheets/nerp.htm • Idaho: 568,000 acres, Shrub-steppe ecosystem. Idaho NERP website is http://www.stoller-eser.com/NERP.htm • Los Alamos: 28,400 acres, Juniper-Pinyon and Grassland ecosystem. Los Alamos NERP website may not be accessible. • Hanford: 366,000 acres, Shrub-steppe ecosystem. Hanford NERP website is http://www.pnl.gov/nerp/ • Oak Ridge: 21,500 acres, Eastern Deciduous Forest ecosystem. Oak Ridge NERP website is http://www.esd.ornl.gov/facilities/nerp/ • Fermilab: 6,800 acres, Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Fermilab NERP website is http://www.fnal.gov/pub/about/campus/ecology/park/ • Nevada: 865,000 acres, Desert Shrub ecosystem. Nevada NERP website is http://www.uga.edu/srel/ESSite/Nevada.html

342

Action at the Grassroots: Fighting Poverty and Environmental Decline. Worldwatch Paper 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many forces of environmental and economic decline that endanger our communities and planet. These have caused a global threat which is very complex. The pressure to feed increasing numbers of people helps cause high rates of topsoil loss which results in decreased agricultural productivity. As poorer nations attempt to fight these…

Durning, Alan B.

343

CIRES: Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) introduces its collaborative research and education program in the diverse field of earth system sciences. At this expansive website, students and educators can discover the Institute's numerous projects in the areas of climate system variability, geodynamics, planetary metabolism, and regional processes. CIRES discusses its five centers, which incorporate scientists with shared interests from within CIRES as well as from other departments at the University of Colorado and outside of the University. Students can learn about the graduate research fellowship program, the innovative research program, and other outreach initiatives. The website presents CIRES's latest news, research findings, and its seminar series about the relationship among policy, politics, and science in the White House.

344

AUTOMATED DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEM BOLSTERS EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) AIR POLLUTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of advanced microcomputer technology to the research laboratory has enhanced the way scientists design and perform experiments. Here at the Environmental Research Laboratory of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Corvallis, Oregon, we are researching the ...

345

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY - ACCOMPLISHMENTS FOR FY 2001  

EPA Science Inventory

This Annual Report showcases some of the scientific activities of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in various health and environmental effects research areas. Where appropriate, the contributions of other collaborating research organizat...

346

FRESHWATER FINDINGS, 1979-1982: RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, DULUTH, MINNESOTA  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains citations of publications for the years 1979-1982 on research conducted or supported by the Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. All published material has been organized into two major categories: (1) Journal Articles, Book Chapters, Proceedings, etc., ...

347

Diversity Matters: New Directions for Institutional Research on Undergraduate Racial/Ethnic and Economic Diversity. SERU Project and Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.8.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the new directions in institutional research on undergraduate racial/ethnic and socioeconomic diversity at the University of California, Berkeley. The use of SERU/UCUES and other web-based census surveys has made possible more detailed and extensive analysis of student diversity. Included is research on an expanded number of…

Thomson, Gregg

2011-01-01

348

Energy plantations in the Republic of the Philippines. Forest Service research paper  

SciTech Connect

Development and management of plantations to support wood-energy programs have been aggressively promoted in the Philippines since 1979. Over 60,000 hectares of energy plantations have been planted under government-supported programs. The paper documents the problems and accomplishments of these programs and describes plantation establishment, maintenance, protection, growth and yield, harvesting, and wood transport. Research priorities for improving energy-farm operations are also suggested.

Durst, P.B.

1987-07-01

349

Adverse Effects of Methylmercury: Environmental Health Research Implications  

PubMed Central

Background The scientific discoveries of health risks resulting from methylmercury exposure began in 1865 describing ataxia, dysarthria, constriction of visual fields, impaired hearing, and sensory disturbance as symptoms of fatal methylmercury poisoning. Objective Our aim was to examine how knowledge and consensus on methylmercury toxicity have developed in order to identify problems of wider concern in research. Data sources and extraction We tracked key publications that reflected new insights into human methylmercury toxicity. From this evidence, we identified possible caveats of potential significance for environmental health research in general. Synthesis At first, methylmercury research was impaired by inappropriate attention to narrow case definitions and uncertain chemical speciation. It also ignored the link between ecotoxicity and human toxicity. As a result, serious delays affected the recognition of methylmercury as a cause of serious human poisonings in Minamata, Japan. Developmental neurotoxicity was first reported in 1952, but despite accumulating evidence, the vulnerability of the developing nervous system was not taken into account in risk assessment internationally until approximately 50 years later. Imprecision in exposure assessment and other forms of uncertainty tended to cause an underestimation of methylmercury toxicity and repeatedly led to calls for more research rather than prevention. Conclusions Coupled with legal and political rigidity that demanded convincing documentation before considering prevention and compensation, types of uncertainty that are common in environmental research delayed the scientific consensus and were used as an excuse for deferring corrective action. Symptoms of methylmercury toxicity, such as tunnel vision, forgetfulness, and lack of coordination, also seemed to affect environmental health research and its interpretation.

Grandjean, Philippe; Satoh, Hiroshi; Murata, Katsuyuki; Eto, Komyo

2010-01-01

350

Environmental noise and health: An integrated research perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Europe, the proportion of the population exposed to environmental noise above 65 dB(A) has increased during the past decade from 15% to 26%. While the acute effects of such noise exposure are well accepted, firm conclusions about long-term consequences for health are still hampered by inconsistent results. Apart from methodological shortcomings, lack of conceptual clarity in research designs has

Peter Lercher

1996-01-01

351

Integrating Research Into the Undergraduate Environmental Chemistry Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey is a state liberal arts college located 50 miles southeast of Philadelphia and adjacent to the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve and the Mullica River/Great Bay Estuary, one of the last relatively pristine watersheds along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coastline. The College's location provides many unique teaching and research opportunities focused on the Pinelands ecosystem. Through support from the National Science Foundation Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement Program (NSF-CCLI) Stockton Chemistry and Environmental Studies faculty have incorporated research on the Pinelands into several undergraduate courses. Collaborating with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ-DEP), students in the Environmental Chemistry course are investigating air quality within the Pinelands. Stockton students maintain a NOx monitor at NJ-DEP's local air quality monitoring station where ozone and sulfur dioxide concentrations are measured by NJ-DEP. Students analyze and interpret the data in terms of photochemistry, sources, and transport. Students in this course also use ion chromatography to study local precipitation chemistry. Other student projects include evaluation of nutrient loading and algal productivity at a local lake, determination of metals in Pinelands waters, and monitoring changes in temperature and ion concentrations in Stockton's geothermal well field. Additionally, during summer 2005 nearly 100 high school students participated in water quality analysis in Stockton's research laboratories as part of the Governor's School on the Environment.

Hallock-Waters, K. A.; Sowers, L.; Chirenje, T.; Oxley, J.

2005-12-01

352

CNR LARA project, Italy: Airborne laboratory for environmental research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The increasing interest for the environmental problems and the study of the impact on the environment due to antropic activity produced an enhancement of remote sensing applications. The Italian National Research Council (CNR) established a new laboratory for airborne hyperspectral imaging, the LARA Project (Laboratorio Aero per Ricerche Ambientali - Airborne Laboratory for Environmental Research), equipping its airborne laboratory, a CASA-212, mainly with the Daedalus AA5000 MIVIS (Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer) instrument. MIVIS's channels, spectral bandwidths, and locations are chosen to meet the needs of scientific research for advanced applications of remote sensing data. MIVIS can make significant contributions to solving problems in many diverse areas such as geologic exploration, land use studies, mineralogy, agricultural crop studies, energy loss analysis, pollution assessment, volcanology, forest fire management and others. The broad spectral range and the many discrete narrow channels of MIVIS provide a fine quantization of spectral information that permits accurate definition of absorption features from a variety of materials, allowing the extraction of chemical and physical information of our environment. The availability of such a hyperspectral imager, that will operate mainly in the Mediterranean area, at the present represents a unique opportunity for those who are involved in environmental studies and land-management to collect systematically large-scale and high spectral-spatial resolution data of this part of the world. Nevertheless, MIVIS deployments will touch other parts of the world, where a major interest from the international scientific community is present.

Bianchi, R.; Cavalli, R. M.; Fiumi, L.; Marino, C. M.; Pignatti, S.

1995-01-01

353

The role of research in environmental science and health.  

PubMed

Research plays a crucial central role between physicians and regulatory agencies in assessing the potential risks posed by an ever-increasing variety of environmental pollutants. The explosion in our understanding of biology and the development of the powerful tools of molecular biology during the last 50 years have provided us with a unique opportunity to apply this knowledge to predict the dangers of these pollutants and to act to protect the public where appropriate. To realize this vision requires multidisciplinary cooperation, continued research funding, and improved scientific literacy among the public. In this article, we do not attempt to review all the literature relating the role that research has played in environmental health and science, but rather we hope to provide the reader with a broad overview of the role that research has played in the past, emphasizing our own area of expertise (the respiratory system) and the role that research should play as our increasingly complex society moves into the 21st century. PMID:10531806

Atkinson, M A; Dodson, R F

1999-10-01

354

The Environmental Polymorphism Registry: A Unique Resource that Facilitates Translational Research of Environmental Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Dissecting complex disease has become more feasible because of the availability of large-scale DNA resources and advances in high-throughput genomic technology. Although these tools help scientists identify potential susceptibility loci, subjects with relevant genotypes are needed for clinical phenotyping and toxicity studies. Objective: We have developed a resource of subjects and their DNA to use for translational research of environmental disease. Methods: More than 15,000 individuals of diverse sex, age, race, and ethnicity were recruited from North Carolina. DNA was isolated from their blood and coded with personal identification numbers linked to their identities. This linked resource of subjects and their DNA—the Environmental Polymorphism Registry (EPR)—allows scientists to screen for individuals with genotypes of interest and invite them to participate in follow-up studies. Discussion: The EPR is a phenotype-by-genotype resource designed to facilitate translational studies of environmental disease. Based on their genotypes, subjects are invited to participate at all levels of research, from basic laboratory ex vivo cell phenotyping experiments that require viable tissue to in vivo observational studies and clinical trials. Here we report on progress of the EPR since 2008. We also describe a major effort at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) to investigate susceptibility loci in 87 environmental response genes and gene × environment interactions using EPR resources. Conclusion: The EPR is a unique and novel resource and is ideal for genotype-driven translational research of environmental disease. We expect that it will serve as a model for future resources. Such tools help scientists attain their ultimate goals: to identify at-risk populations and develop strategies for preventing and treating human disease.

Vainorius, Enrikas; Garantziotis, Stavros; Burch, Lauranell H.; Blackshear, Perry J.; Zeldin, Darryl C.

2011-01-01

355

Environmental Protection Agency's White Paper on 'Bacillus thuringiensis' Plant-Pesticide Resistance Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze data generated in the 1996 growing season for current resistance management plans for Bacillus thuringiensis plant-pesticides for Bt potato, Bt corn and Bt cotton, identify technical modifications that might improve...

1998-01-01

356

Long-Term Environmental Research Programs - Evolving Capacity for Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-term forestry, watershed, and ecological research sites have become critical, productive nodes for environmental science research and in some cases for work in the social sciences and humanities. The Forest Service's century-old Experimental Forests and Ranges and the National Science Foundation's 28- year-old Long-Term Ecological Research program have been remarkably productive in both basic and applied sciences, including characterization of acid rain and old-growth ecosystems and development of forest, watershed, and range management systems for commercial and other land use objectives. A review of recent developments suggests steps to enhance the function of collections of long-term research sites as interactive science networks. The programs at these sites have evolved greatly, especially over the past few decades, as the questions addressed, disciplines engaged, and degree of science integration have grown. This is well displayed by small, experimental watershed studies, which first were used for applied hydrology studies then more fundamental biogeochemical studies and now examination of complex ecosystem processes; all capitalizing on the legacy of intensive studies and environmental monitoring spanning decades. In very modest ways these collections of initially independent sites have functioned increasingly as integrated research networks addressing inter-site questions by using common experimental designs, being part of a single experiment, and examining long-term data in a common analytical framework. The network aspects include data sharing via publicly-accessible data-harvester systems for climate and streamflow data. The layering of one research or environmental monitoring network upon another facilitates synergies. Changing climate and atmospheric chemistry highlight a need to use these networks as continental-scale observatory systems for assessing the impacts of environmental change on ecological services. To better capitalize on long-term research sites and networks, agencies and universities 1) need to encourage collaboration among sites and between science and land manager communities while 2) maintaining long- term studies and monitoring efforts, and staffing the collaboration in each partner organization, including positions specifically designated as liaisons among the participating communities.

Swanson, F. J.

2008-12-01

357

Environmental impact assessment of a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill--A case study  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill in Sabah, Malaysia, is presented. The EIA before the mill construction included, among other things, a detailed baseline study and also environmental impact predictions based on certain mill design and pollution abatement measures. Subsequent to mill construction (during the operational stage), data were gathered to determine the quality of the ambient air as well as the effluent and the receiving bay water quality. These post-construction monitoring results were then compared with the earlier impact predictions, and showed, in general, a good correspondence.

Mohamed, M. (Univ. Kebangsaan, (Malaysia)); Landner, L. (European Environmental Research Group, Stockholm (Sweden))

1993-11-01

358

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month involved the Dry Sorbent Injection (DST) test block with the Carbon Injection System. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit, the 0.4 MW Mini-Pilot Wet Scrubber, and the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. These units remain available for testing as future project work is identified. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments have required that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assess the health risks and environmental effects associated with air toxic emissions (primarily mercury) from fossil-fuel fired utility boilers. EPRI has sponsored research on environmental mercury since 1983 to determine the factors that may influence human health, and to determine the role of electric power generating stations in contributing to those factors. Over the last four years, EPRI`s Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) has conducted EPRI and DOE sponsored testing to develop and demonstrate appropriate measurement methods and control technologies for power plant atmospheric mercury emissions. Building upon the experience and expertise of the EPRI ECTC, a test program was initiated at the Center in July to further evaluate dry sorbent-based injection technologies upstream of a cold-side ESP for mercury control, and to determine the effects of such sorbents on ESP performance. The results from this program will be compared to the results from previous DOE/EPRI demonstrations, and to other ongoing programs. The primary objectives of this test program are to: (1) Determine the levels of mercury removal achievable by dry sorbent injection upstream of an electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The process parameters to be investigated include sorbent residence time, sorbent type, sorbent size, sorbent loading, and flue gas temperature. (2) Determine the impact of sorbent injection on ESP performance.

NONE

1997-07-01

359

Assessing the benefits of OHER (Office of Health and Environmental Research) research: Three case studies  

SciTech Connect

This research was undertaken to estimate the societal benefits and costs of selected past research performed for the Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Three case studies of representative OHER and DOE research were performed. One of these, the acid rain case study, includes research conducted elsewhere in DOE. The other two cases were the OHER marine research program and the development of high-purity germanium that is used in radiation detectors. The acid rain case study looked at the research benefits and costs of furnace sorbent injection and duct injection, technologies that might reduce acid deposition precursors. Both appear to show benefits in excess of costs. We examined in detail one of the OHER marine research program's accomplishments - the increase in environmental information used by the Outer Continental Shelf leasing program to manage bidding for off-shore oil drilling. The results of an econometric model show that environmental information of the type supported by OHER is unequivocally linked to government and industry leasing decisions. The germanium case study indicated that the benefits of germanium radiation detectors were significant.

Nesse, R.J.; Callaway, J.M.; Englin, J.E.; Klan, M.S.; Nicholls, A.K.; Serot, D.E.

1987-09-01

360

[Environmental and psychosocial aspects of genetic research in psychiatry].  

PubMed

Psychiatric disorders are thought to arise as a result of interactions between genetic vulnerability and environmental risk factors. However, research methods to actually investigate the pattern of hypothesized interactions have only recently been developed. In this article, we review the evidence that genes increase the risk for psychosis by making individuals more sensitive to environmental risk factors (genotype-environment interaction), or by making individuals more likely to select high-risk environments (genotype-environment correlation). It is likely that at least some of the impact of genes on the occurrence of psychosis is mediated through (sensitivity for ) environmental risk factors such as a dysfunctional early family rearing environment, paternal absence, use of cannabis, complications of birth and pregnancy, stressful life events and unknown environmental risk factors associated with urban life and membership of certain ethnic groups. With the advent of molecular genetics, further knowledge about possible genotype-environment interactions is urgently required in order to develop and improve strategies for the prevention and early treatment of psychosis. PMID:9622791

Van Os, J; Verdoux, H

1998-01-01

361

Anogenital distance and its application in environmental health research.  

PubMed

Anogenital distance (AGD), a useful anthropometric measurement for genital development in both animals and humans, was originally found by reproductive toxicologists in rodent experiments. As an easy-to-measure and sensitive marker, AGD has become a bioassay of fetal androgen action and a well-established reproductive toxicity endpoint in animals. It is generally accepted that AGD is sexually dimorphic in many mammals, with males having longer AGD than females. Exposure to proposed endocrine disruptors may result in reduced AGD; thus, it has been used to measure health effects of compounds with endocrine-altering properties or endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in environmental toxicology. Moreover, AGD is an important clinical measure to address endocrine-sensitive endpoints in the first year of life and to assess the adverse impact of in utero exposure to environmental EDCs. Recently, AGD has been identified as one of the endpoints in the US Environmental Protection Agency guidelines for reproductive toxicity studies in humans, but use of AGD in human studies is still rare, and the results remain mixed and inconclusive due to many reasons. In order to achieve a breakthrough, researchers are endeavoring to standardize the measurement of AGD, normalize age-specific population data in different ethnic groups, and conduct more in-depth human researches in this field. PMID:24474565

Liu, Chunhua; Xu, Xijin; Huo, Xia

2014-04-01

362

Teachers Environmental Resource Unit: Industry: Iron/Steel & Pulp/Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Iron and steel and pulp and paper industries, two representatives of American industry, are selected in this teacher's guide for the study of industrial pollution and current pollution control efforts. The resource unit is intended to provide the teacher with basic information that will aid classroom review of these problems. Both industries are…

Bemiss, Clair W.

363

Markets, technology and environmental regulation: price ambivalence of waste paper in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the price ambivalence of low quality waste paper (grades 1.02 and 1.04) on the German market. Since 1990 the price of these grades is at times positive and at times negative. The underlying reason is the combination of three institutional and technical characteristics of the market: (i) As a result of waste management legislation the supply of waste

Stefan Baumgärtner; Ralph Winkler

2003-01-01

364

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) research on indoor air quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses EPA's research program on indoor air quality. Now in its third year, it is a broad-based program that includes: field surveys of pollutant concentrations in homes, characterization of emissions from sources, health studies of genotoxic and irritant\\/neurobehavioral effects, and a limited amount of research and development of indoor air-quality controls. The primary emphasis in all areas is

1986-01-01

365

Environmental assessment of the Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center Facility  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Assessment has been prepared to determine if the Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (the Center), or its alternatives would have significant environmental impacts that must be analyzed in an Environmental Impact Statement. DOE`s proposed action is to continue funding the Center. While DOE is not funding construction of the planned Center facility, operation of that facility is dependent upon continued funding. To implement the proposed action, the Center would initially construct a facility of approximately 2,300 square meters (25,000 square feet). The Phase 1 laboratory facilities and parking lot will occupy approximately 1.2 hectares (3 acres) of approximately 8.9 hectares (22 acres) of land which were donated to New Mexico State University (NMSU) for this purpose. The facility would contain laboratories to analyze chemical and radioactive materials typical of potential contaminants that could occur in the environment in the vicinity of the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site or other locations. The facility also would have bioassay facilities to measure radionuclide levels in the general population and in employees of the WIPP. Operation of the Center would meet the DOE requirement for independent monitoring and assessment of environmental impacts associated with the planned disposal of transuranic waste at the WIPP.

NONE

1995-10-01

366

Space environmental effects on polymer composites: Research needs and opportunities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The long-term performance of polymer-based composites in the space environment is discussed. Both thermoset and thermoplastic matrix composites are included in this discussion. Previous efforts on the space environmental effects on composites are briefly reviewed. Focus of this review is placed on the effects of hygrothermal stresses, atomic oxygen, ultraviolet (UV), and space debris/micrometeoroid impacts along with the potential synergism. Potential approaches to estimating the residual strength of polymer composites after exposure to atomic oxygen erosion or space debris/micrometeoroid impact are evaluated. New ground-based data are then utilized to illustrate the effects of atomic oxygen and thermal cycling on the failure behavior of polymer composites. Finally, research needs, challenges, and opportunities in the field of space environmental effects on composite materials are highlighted.

Jang, Bor Z.; Bianchi, J.; Liu, Y. M.; Chang, C. P.

1993-01-01

367

Bridging research and environmental regulatory processes: the role of knowledge brokers.  

PubMed

Federal funding agencies increasingly require research investigators to ensure that federally sponsored research demonstrates broader societal impact. Specifically, the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Superfund Research Program (SRP) requires research centers to include research translation and community engagement cores to achieve broader impacts, with special emphasis on improving environmental health policies through better scientific understanding. This paper draws on theoretical insights from the social sciences to show how incorporating knowledge brokers in research centers can facilitate translation of scientific expertise to influence regulatory processes and thus promote public health. Knowledge brokers connect academic researchers with decision-makers, to facilitate the translation of research findings into policies and programs. In this article, we describe the stages of the regulatory process and highlight the role of the knowledge broker and scientific expert at each stage. We illustrate the cooperation of knowledge brokers, scientific experts and policymakers using a case from the Brown University (Brown) SRP. We show how the Brown SRP incorporated knowledge brokers to engage scientific experts with regulatory officials around the emerging public health problem of vapor intrusion (VI). In the Brown SRP, the knowledge broker brought regulatory officials into the research process, to help scientific experts understand the critical nature of this emerging public health threat, and helped scientific experts develop a research agenda that would inform the development of timely measures to protect public health. Our experience shows that knowledge brokers can enhance the impact of environmental research on public health by connecting policy decision-makers with scientific experts at critical points throughout the regulatory process. PMID:24083557

Pennell, Kelly G; Thompson, Marcella; Rice, James W; Senier, Laura; Brown, Phil; Suuberg, Eric

2013-11-01

368

Bioassay-directed chemical analysis in environmental research  

SciTech Connect

The use of short-term bioassay tests in conjunction with analytical measurements, constitute a powerful tool for identifying important environmental contaminants. The authors have coined the terminology bioassay directed chemical analysis to best describe this marriage of analytical chemistry and biology. The objective of this methodology is to identify key compounds in various types of air-pollutant samples. Once that task is completed, studies on metabolism, sources, environmental exposure and atmospheric chemistry can be undertaken. The principles and methodologies for bioassay directed chemical analysis are presented and illustrated in this paper. Most of this work has been directed toward the characterization of ambient air and diesel particulates, which are used as examples in this report to illustrate the analytical logic used for identifying the bio-active components of complex mixtures.

Schuetzle, D.; Lewtas, J.

1986-01-01

369

Programm Umwelt- und Klimaforschung 1988/89. (Environmental and climate research programme 1988/89).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Study Group of the Large-scale Research Institutes (AGF) has been reporting on these projects since 1972, in its programme for 'Environmental and Climate Research'. The programme, which is worked out by the AGF's Coordination Office for Environmental ...

1987-01-01

370

Energy and environment annual report 1974. [Environmental Research programs  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Division's environmental science program includes air pollution, water pollution, and the effects of pollutants on man and natural ecosystems. Work has focused on the chemistry and physics of particle surfaces. Using the technique of electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), surface reactions of sulfur and nitrogen compounds have been studied, and results include the identification of new chemical forms of nitrogen on particle surfaces and evidence for the importance of particle surfaces in the catalysis of sulfur dioxide to sulfuric acid. The Division's work in water pollution has been devoted to the study of trace metals in the estuarine environment, especially in San Francisco Bay. Studies on the effect of dredging operations on trace metals in the Mare Island ship channel and on the distribution of cadmium in Bay sediments have been performed. Research has also been conducted on the distribution of trace elements between bound states on suspended particles and in solution in Bay waters. Research is being conducted on a variety of problems relating to effects of pollutants. Biological studies seeking to discover effects of specific environmental insults such as oxidants at the cellular level have been done, and epidemiological studies have been initiated on the impacts of trace metals on human health. Theoretical studies in an attempt to develop a basis for assessing the stability of ecological systems are also being undertaken.

Blumstein, C. (ed.)

1974-01-01

371

Ethical Decision-Making in College: Choosing between Right, Wrong, and the Space in between. A SERU Project Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.2.09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is important to understand how students' changing belief structures influence their values and behaviors, including their ethical beliefs and decision-making patterns. As such, this study will address the following research questions: 1) what are students' ethical beliefs and their perceptions of students' ethical behaviors; and 2) how do…

Yeung, Fanny P.F.; Keup, Jennifer R.

2009-01-01

372

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) HAZARDOUS WASTE ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY'S RESEARCH PROGRAM IN SUPPORT OF SUPERFUND  

EPA Science Inventory

In anticipation of the passage of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund), the Office of Research and Development of the USEPA began a program in 1980 to support the Agency's activities concerned with uncontrolled ha...

373

Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), GIS and Mapping Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), a leading Geographic Information System (GIS) software developer and manufacturer, owner of ArcView and ArcInfo software. This site provides a portal to various ESRI support services, such as courses in GIS science, technology and software, examples of GIS maps, downloadable scripts and data, as well as links to standard commercial homepage fare such as ESRI employment opportunities and downloadable software updates. Some of the resources available through this portal may require ESRI software, which is not available as a downloadable file.

2008-10-06

374

Final environmental impact statement for Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-Ames Research Center is described. together with the nature of its activities, from which it can be seen that the center is basically not a major pollution source. Geographical, and climatic characteristics of the site are described. inasmuch as they influence both the choice of disposal methods and the environmental effects of the pollutants. The known or probable pollution sources at the center are described. Where the intensities of these sources might exceed the recommended guidelines, the corrective actions that have been taken are described.

1971-01-01

375

Survey of Research on Environmental Pollution - Its Sources, Fate, Effects and Control, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Research Committee of the AIChE, a joint committee of the AIChE Environmental Division and of the AIChE Research Committee, conducted a survey of environmentally related research and/or design projects in progress at U.S. Colleges and Un...

I. A. Jefcoat

1986-01-01

376

SURVEY OF RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION - ITS SOURCES, FATE, EFFECTS AND CONTROL, 1984  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Research Committee of the AIChE, a joint committee of the AIChE Environmental Division and of the AIChE Research Committee, conducted a survey of environmentally related research and/or design projects in progress at U.S. Colleges and Universities. Of interest w...

377

[Situation and perspectives of public health in Germany--research and teaching. Position paper of the German Public Health Association].  

PubMed

This position paper of the German Public Health Association describes current situation and perspectives of public health in Germany with emphasis on research and teaching. It outlines those measures necessary for strengthening of public health research in Germany. PMID:23175125

Gerlinger, T; Babitsch, B; Blättner, B; Bolte, G; Brandes, I; Dierks, M-L; Faller, G; Gerhardus, A; Gusy, B

2012-11-01

378

Teachers as Researchers: environmental science research experiences for middle and high school teachers in Oregon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching inquiry-driven science is a complex process, and a considerable gap exists between the mandate to teach science inquiry and the degree to which it is implemented in classroom settings. Engaging teachers as participants in the practice of science is one approach to bridging this gap. The overarching goal of our work is to involve Oregon middle and high school teachers in environmental science research that expands their capacity to engage their students in similar authentic science research. Teacher research experiences at the Andrews Forest Long-Term Ecological Research Program and more generally with scientists at Oregon State University are a focus of this work. Our presentation will give a brief overview of program development and outcomes from projects that engage Oregon teachers in environmental science research, including year-long workshop series to multi-week and multi-year research experience for teachers. In addition, our presentation will highlight outcomes and lessons learned of a three-year NASA-funded project that brings together science educators and climate change researchers to engage teachers in three-week summer research institutes.

O'Connell, K.; Morrell, P.

2013-12-01

379

Obama address touches on research, energy, and environmental issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Barack Obama's State of the Union message, delivered on 24 January, touched on the need for basic research, energy production, support for clean energy, and environmental protection, but it included just one passing reference to climate change. In addition, the speech made no note of the Administration's recent denial of a controversial application for the Keystone XL pipeline to transport crude oil from Canada to the United States and made just an elliptical reference regarding the bankrupt Solyndra Corporation, which the administration had touted as a clean energy company. Innovation “demands basic research,” Obama said, adding that Congress should not “gut these investments in our budget.” Noting that one promise for innovation is American-made energy, Obama said he is directing the administration to “open more than 75% of our potential offshore oil and gas resources.”

Showstack, Randy

2012-02-01

380

Legacy of Environmental Research During the Space Shuttle Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Shuttle Program provided many opportunities to study the role of spaceflight on human life for over the last 30 years and represents the longest and largest U.S. human spaceflight program. Risks to crewmembers were included in the research areas of nutrition, microbiology, toxicology, radiation, and sleep quality. To better understand the Shuttle environment, Crew Health Care System was developed. As part of this system, the Environmental Health Subsystem was developed to monitor the atmosphere for gaseous contaminants and microbial contamination levels and to monitor water quality and radiation. This program expended a great deal of effort in studying and mitigating risks related to contaminations due to food, water, air, surfaces, crewmembers, and payloads including those with animals. As the Shuttle had limited stowage space and food selection, the development of nutritional requirements for crewmembers was imperative. As the Shuttle was a reusable vehicle, microbial contamination was of great concern. The development of monitoring instruments that could withstand the space environment took several years and many variations to come up with a suitable instrument. Research with space radiation provided an improved understanding of the various sources of ionizing radiation and the development of monitoring instrumentation for space weather and the human exposure within the orbiter's cabin. Space toxicology matured to include the management of offgassing products that could pollute the crewmembers air quality. The Shuttle Program implemented a 5-level toxicity rating system and developed new monitoring instrumentation to detect toxic compounds. The environment of space caused circadian desynchrony, sleep deficiency, and fatigue leading to much research and major emphasis on countermeasures. Outcomes of the research in these areas were countermeasures, operational protocols, and hardware. Learning Objectives: This symposium will provide an overview of the major environmental lessons learned and the development of countermeasures, monitoring hardware, and procedures.

Lane, Helen W.

2011-01-01

381

Interfacing remote sensing and geographic information systems for global environmental change research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because changes in the Earth's environment have become major global issues, continuous, longterm scientific information is required to assess global problems such as deforestation, desertification, greenhouse effects and climate variations. Global change studies require understanding of interactions of complex processes regulating the Earth system. Space-based Earth observation is an essential element in global change research for documenting changes in Earth environment. It provides synoptic data for conceptual predictive modeling of future environmental change. This paper provides a brief overview of remote sensing technology from the perspective of global change research.

Lee, Jae K.; Randolph, J. C.; Lulla, Kamlesh P.; Helfert, Michael R.

1993-01-01

382

Communication about scientific uncertainty in environmental nanoparticle research - a comparison of scientific literature and mass media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research about the fate and behavior of engineered nanoparticles in the environment is despite its wide applications still in the early stages. 'There is a high level of scientific uncertainty in nanoparticle research' is often stated in the scientific community. Knowledge about these uncertainties might be of interest to other scientists, experts and laymen. But how could these uncertainties be characterized and are they communicated within the scientific literature and the mass media? To answer these questions, the current state of scientific knowledge about scientific uncertainty through the example of environmental nanoparticle research was characterized and the communication of these uncertainties within the scientific literature is compared with its media coverage in the field of nanotechnologies. The scientific uncertainty within the field of environmental fate of nanoparticles is by method uncertainties and a general lack of data concerning the fate and effects of nanoparticles and their mechanisms in the environment, and by the uncertain transferability of results to the environmental system. In the scientific literature, scientific uncertainties, their sources, and consequences are mentioned with different foci and to a different extent. As expected, the authors in research papers focus on the certainty of specific results within their specific research question, whereas in review papers, the uncertainties due to a general lack of data are emphasized and the sources and consequences are discussed in a broader environmental context. In the mass media, nanotechnology is often framed as rather certain and positive aspects and benefits are emphasized. Although reporting about a new technology, only in one-third of the reports scientific uncertainties are mentioned. Scientific uncertainties are most often mentioned together with risk and they arise primarily from unknown harmful effects to human health. Environmental issues itself are seldom mentioned. Scientific uncertainties, sources, and consequences have been most widely discussed in the review papers. Research papers and mass media tend to emphasize more the certainty of their scientific results or the benefits of the nanotechnology applications. Neither the broad spectrum nor any specifications of uncertainties have been communicated. This indicates that there has been no effective dialogue over scientific uncertainty with the public so far.

Heidmann, Ilona; Milde, Jutta

2014-05-01

383

Using x-ray microprobes for environmental research.  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the fate of environmental contaminants is of fundamental importance in the development and evaluation of effective remediation strategies. Among the factors influencing the transport of these contaminants are the chemical speciation of the sample and the chemical and physical attributes of the surrounding medium. Characterization of the spatial distribution and chemical speciation at micron and submicron resolution is essential for studying the microscopic physical, geological, chemical, and biological interfaces that play a crucial role in determining contaminant fate and mobility. Hard X-ray spectroscopy and imaging are powerful techniques for the element-specific investigation of complex environmental samples at the needed micron and submicron resolution. An important advantage of these techniques results from the large penetration depth of hard X-rays in water. This minimizes the requirements for sample preparation and allows the detailed study of hydrated samples. This paper discusses some current problems in environmental science that can be addressed by using synchrotron-based X-ray imaging and spectroscopy. These concepts are illustrated by the results of recent X-ray microscopy studies at the Advanced Photon Source.

Cai, Z.; Jastrow, J.; Kemner, K. M.; Lai, B.; Lee, H.-R.; Legnini, D. G.; Miller, R. M.; Pratt, S. T.; Rodrigues, W.; Yun, W.

1998-07-30

384

Schools In Board - Bridging Arctic Research And Environmental Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schools on Board (www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca) was created in 2002 to address the outreach objectives of a network of Canadian scientists conducting research in the High Arctic. The program was piloted with great success with the 2004 research program called the Canadian Arctic Shelf Study (CASES). Since then, the S/B program continues as an integral outreach program of the Canadian Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) known as ArcticNet. The primary objective of the program is to bridge Arctic climate change research with science and environmental education in the public school system. It is a vehicle for scientists and graduate students to share their research program with high schools and the general public. The program encourages schools to include Arctic Sciences into their science programs by linking Arctic research to existing curriculum, providing resources and opportunities to send high school students and teachers into the Arctic to participate in a science expedition on board the Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen. The field program is an adventure into Arctic research that exposes students and teachers to the objectives and methods of numerous science teams representing a number of research disciplines and institutions from across Canada and beyond. Face-to-face interactions with scientists of all levels (masters, PhD's, researchers, CRC chairs), hands-on experiences in the field and in the labs, and access to state-of-the-art scientific instrumentation, combine to create a powerful learning environment. In addition to hands-on research activities the program introduces participants to many aspects of Canada's North, including local knowledge related to climate change, culture, history, and politics - within the educational program on the ship and the planned visits to Northern communities. During International Polar Year (IPY) Schools on Board collaborated with international researchers and northern agencies from 11 countries to offer one circumpolar Inuit, and two international field programs onboard the IPY-Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) system study (www.ipy-cfl.ca). In this presentation we describe the structure of the Schools on Board program and summarize the experiences gained through the three field program held during the IPY-CFL program.

Barber, D. G.; Barber, L.

2008-12-01

385

Addressing Global Environmental Challenges through Interdisciplinary Biogeochemical Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our planet is dynamic; energy and matter constantly move between the hydrosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere on time scales from seconds to millenia. These tight interactions - including those between organisms and their physical environment - are what make Earth habitable. However, as Rachel Carson wrote, 'Only within the moment of time represented by the present century has one species - man - acquired significant power to alter the nature of this world'. Globalization and explosive population growth have generated far-reaching environmental problems on a scale that humanity has never faced before. Fortunately, our species has also developed an unprecedented ability to provide science-based solutions. Since processes impacting the environment involve complex biological, physical, chemical and geological interactions and feedbacks, they require the integration of expertise from all these scientific disciplines as well as input from policy makers, social scientists, and economists. This talk presents four examples of current interdisciplinary research projects conducted in my lab, each one related to a theme from one of Carson's books (Under the Sea-wind, The Sea Around Us, The Edge of the Sea, and Silent Spring). These projects, and others like them, provide hope that we can move toward a sustainable relationship with the natural world by encouraging the best scientists to conduct interdisciplinary research with direct applications for environmental management and stewardship.

Paytan, A.

2013-12-01

386

Reactions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) leading to the formation of nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) in non-thermal plasmas (NTPs). White paper for the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) (Compliance Project CP-1038: Development of non-thermal plasma reactor technology for control of atmospheric emissions)  

SciTech Connect

SERDP Compliance Project CP-1038 (Development of Non-Thermal Plasma Reactor Technology for Control of Atmospheric Emissions) has been commissioned to evaluate and develop non-thermal plasma (NTP) reactor technology, a form of low-temperature plasma chemical processing, for Department of Defense (DoD) applications. The primary emphasis is on the control of emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), with a secondary emphasis on hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emission control (primarily volatile organic compounds--VOCs). In this white paper, as a SERDP-requested deliverable, the authors will verify the NO{sub x} removal reactions in NTPs, especially those converging on nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) as a primary reaction product. The benefit of making HNO{sub 3} as a primary terminal de-NO{sub x} product is that it can be easily neutralized by relatively simple caustic (base) scrubbers--although the economics of scrubber systems needs to be compared with the conversion to particles that can be filtered or precipitated. Jet engines also emit a significant amount of SO{sub x} in their exhaust; NTPs also remove SO{sub x} and actually do it more effectively in combination with NO{sub x}. This will not be dealt with in this particular white paper.

Rosocha, L.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Miziolek, A.W.; Nusca, M.J. [Army Research Lab., Watertown, MA (United States); Chang, J.S. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Herron, J.T. [National Inst. for Standards and Technology (United States)

1998-08-17

387

Textpresso for Neuroscience: Searching the Full Text of Thousands of Neuroscience Research Papers  

PubMed Central

Textpresso is a text-mining system for scientific literature. Its two major features are access to the full text of research papers and the development and use of categories of biological concepts as well as categories that describe or relate objects. A search engine enables the user to search for one or a combination of these categories and/or keywords within an entire literature. Here we describe Textpresso for Neuroscience, part of the core Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF). The Textpresso site currently consists of 67,500 full text papers and 131,300 abstracts. We show that using categories in literature can make a pure keyword query more refined and meaningful. We also show how semantic queries can be formulated with categories only. We explain the build and content of the database and describe the main features of the web pages and the advanced search options. We also give detailed illustrations of the web service developed to provide programmatic access to Textpresso. This web service is used by the NIF interface to access Textpresso. The standalone website of Textpresso for Neuroscience can be accessed at http://www.textpresso.org/neuroscience/.

Rangarajan, Arun; Teal, Tracy K.; Sternberg, Paul W.

2009-01-01

388

Pacific Northwest Laboratory: Director`s overview of research performed for DOE Office of Health And Environmental Research  

SciTech Connect

A significant portion of the research undertaken at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is focused on the strategic programs of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER). These programs, which include Environmental Processes (Subsurface Science, Ecosystem Function and Response, and Atmospheric Chemistry), Global Change (Climate Change, Environmental Vulnerability, and Integrated Assessments), Biotechnology (Human Genome and Structural Biology), and Health (Health Effects and Medical Applications), have been established by OHER to support DOE business areas in science and technology and environmental quality. PNL uses a set of critical capabilities based on the Laboratory`s research facilities and the scientific and technological expertise of its staff to help OHER achieve its programmatic research goals. Integration of these capabilities across the Laboratory enables PNL to assemble multidisciplinary research teams that are highly effective in addressing the complex scientific and technical issues associated with OHER-sponsored research. PNL research efforts increasingly are focused on complex environmental and health problems that require multidisciplinary teams to address the multitude of time and spatial scales found in health and environmental research. PNL is currently engaged in research in the following areas for these OHER Divisions: Environmental Sciences -- atmospheric radiation monitoring, climate modeling, carbon cycle, atmospheric chemistry, ecological research, subsurface sciences, bioremediation, and environmental molecular sciences; Health Effects and Life Sciences -- cell/molecular biology, and biotechnology; Medical Applications and Biophysical Research -- analytical technology, and radiological and chemical physics. PNL`s contributions to OHER strategic research programs are described in this report.

NONE

1995-06-01

389

Kankyo keisokuyo laser radar no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Kankyo network. (Research cooperation in the development of laser radar for environmental measurements. Environmental network).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Among the research cooperation in the development of laser radar for environmental measurements with Indonesia between FY 1993 and FY 1996, results of the research and development of the environmental network are summarized. For the environmental informat...

1997-01-01

390

Meeting of Experts on Shared Cataloguing in Research Libraries, Strasbourg, 6-8 June 1972; Three Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prior to the meeting of the Committee for Higher Education and Research of the Council of Europe, library experts met to discuss shared cataloging in research libraries. Working papers by three of the experts are presented in this volume. The paper by Ann...

A. Budach

1972-01-01

391

Research Universities: Producers of Economic Development or Luxury Goods? ASHE 1985 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research that occurs in universities under conditions of patronage is distinguished from research that occurs under less distorted market conditions. It is claimed that academic research is shifting from an area of patronage consumption to one of economic development investment. In addition to considering the markets for academic research and…

McClure, Maureen W.

392

Institutional Research: What Should We Expect? Defining and Exceeding Campus Expectations. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectations and roles of institutional researchers in higher education institutions are considered, as well as the question of what a research office should expect from its institution. A performance monitoring system for the assessment and continuous improvement of institutional research is also proposed. Ways that institutional research can be…

Clagett, Craig A.; Kerr, Helen S.

393

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

PubMed Central

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for the socioeconomic and health systems research required for the development of sustainable control programmes. Using Stockols' social-ecological approach, we describe the role of various social (poverty, policy, stigma, culture, and migration) and environmental determinants (the home environment, water resources development, and climate change) in the perpetuation of helminthic diseases, as well as their impact as contextual factors on health promotion interventions through both the regular and community-based health systems. We examine these interactions in regard to community participation, intersectoral collaboration, gender, and possibilities for upscaling helminthic disease control and elimination programmes within the context of integrated and interdisciplinary approaches. The research agenda summarises major gaps that need to be addressed.

Gazzinelli, Andrea; Correa-Oliveira, Rodrigo; Yang, Guo-Jing; Boatin, Boakye A.; Kloos, Helmut

2012-01-01

394

Proceedings of Workshop on Priority Great Lakes Environmental Research Initiatives (Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan, October 10-11, 1974).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the proceedings of a workshop held in Ann Arbor, Michigan to identify the priority Great Lakes environmental research initiatives. The five major objectives of the workshop include the determination of research initiatives, opportunities for university research communities to discuss and recommend future research

Pinsak, Arthur P., Ed.

395

Discrimination in Employment: An Appraisal of the Research. Policy Papers in Human Resources and Industrial Relations 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper appraises some completed and current research into discrimination in employment and indicates directions and questions for future research. Most research views discrimination as an economic waste and a social and moral evil, and so should be appraised in the light of the impact that it may have on eliminating or reducing discrimination.…

Hiestand, Dale L.

396

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

397

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month continued with the DOE/PRDA Phase I investigation of the Clear Liquor Scrubbing Process with Anhydrite Production. The DOE/PRDA Phase I testing of the B&W/Condensing Heat Exchanger (CH) was completed this month. This one-year tube wear analysis investigation was completed on 3/10/97, and a final inspection of the unit was made on 3/21/97. The CH unit and its related equipment are currently being removed from the ECTC test configuration, disassembled, and returned to B&W and CH Corp. for additional analyses. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the Carbon Injection System (the Pulse-jet Fabric Filter) remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly.

NONE

1997-03-01

398

Significant Life Experiences Revisited: A Review of Research on Sources of Environmental Sensitivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that environmental sensitivity, an important variable in environmental awareness and in the predisposition to take responsible environmental action, has been the subject of research in which sensitivity is associated with particular kinds of significant life experiences. Reviews studies of the significant life experiences of environmental

Chawla, Louise

1998-01-01

399

Alaska Water and Environmental Research Center Annual Technical Report, FY 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Water and Environmental Research Center (WERC), in the Institute of Northern Engineering (INE) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks has three major objectives: graduate and undergraduate research education, quality research, and science and engineeri...

2006-01-01

400

75 FR 50009 - Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...support for environmental research and education. Agenda September...activities. Discussion of Research Centers and Networks. Meeting with the Director...Discussion of Better Integrating Social and Physical Science Research. Update and...

2010-08-16

401

New Communication Technologies: Research Trends. Reports and Papers on Mass Communication No. 105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a synoptic view of the research on the subject of new information technologies that has been supported by Unesco and of research conducted outside Unesco's program. The report attempts to single out the main findings of this body of research and to identify new avenues of investigation and action that may be able to contribute…

Jouet, Josiane; Coudray, Sylvie

402

Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education? NBER Working Paper No. 14974  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education institutions and disciplines that traditionally did little research now reward faculty largely based on research, both funded and unfunded. Some worry that faculty devoting more time to research harms teaching and thus harms students' human capital accumulation. The economics literature has largely ignored the reasons for and…

Remler, Dahlia K.; Pema, Elda

2009-01-01

403

Achieving Quality within Funding Constraints: The Potential Contribution of Institutional Research. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How institutional research can improve the quality of institutional performance of colleges and universities in the face of funding constraints is discussed. An example of the use of instructional research to assist in documenting institutional quality in Australia is noted. Institutional research uses data collection, analysis, and interpretation…

Zimmer, Bruce

404

Environmental audit of the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the results of the environmental audit conducted at the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research, Environmental Restoration (LEHR-ER) Project at University of California-Davis (UCD), Davis, California. The scope of the audit at ...

1993-01-01

405

Online Literature Searching and Databases at the U.S. Environmental Research Center Library, Cincinnati, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide to information services used by the Environmental Research Center (ERC) in Cincinnati, the scientific and technical information focal point for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), explains the online searching services available at ...

M. L. Calkins

1978-01-01

406

Global Environmental Health. Research Gaps and Barriers for Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medi-cine of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) focuses on building partnerships and facilitating scientific discussions of ongoing and emerging issues in the field of environmental health. The r...

2008-01-01

407

Ethnography: A Research Tool for Policymakers in the Drug and Alcohol Fields. Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains papers and workshop summaries from a two-day symposium for ethnographers and drug abuse policymakers. An introductory paper outlines the background and purpose of the symposium, followed by papers that provide a definition of ethnography, present a history of illicit drug ethnographies, and examine state problems and the…

Akins, Carl, Ed.; Beschner, George, Ed.

408

Research on Intelligent Auto-Generating Test Paper Based on Improved Genetic Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The constraint conditions of the auto-generating test paper are analyzed. The mathematical model of intelligence test paper generation system is set up and a new method of composing test paper based on the improved genetic algorithm is given. The result of the experiments shows that the new method is more efficient and easier to deal with the problem of autogenerating

Wu Xiaoqin; Song Yin

2009-01-01

409

Environmental Research Needs in the Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX): Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Key Biscayne, Florida, 30 September-5 October 1979. Volume IIA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings of the Workshop on Environmental Research Needs in the Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX) are contained in four volumes. The report contains the following summary papers by the participants: Gulf of Mexico: A socioeconomic view of competing resources;...

D. K. Atwood

1981-01-01

410

Environmental Research Needs in the Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX): Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Key Biscayne, Florida, 30 September-5 October 1979. Volume IIB.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings of the Workshop on Environmental Research Needs in the Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX) are contained in four volumes. This report contains the following summary papers by the participants: Gulf of Mexico Wetlands: Value, State of Knowledge and Rese...

D. K. Atwood

1981-01-01

411

Faculty Vitality: Extending the Concept Beyond the Research University. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual and institutional/environmental factors that distinguish "vital" professors from a "representative" group of their colleagues were investigated. Of concern was whether the faculty vitality concept discriminates among professors in meaningful ways (i.e., regarding their professional attitudes, practices, achievements). The focus was…

Baldwin, Roger G.

412

GEOTHERMAL INDUSTRY POSITION PAPER, EPA REGULATORY OPTIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The environmental impact of geothermal energy development may be less intense or widespread than that of some other energy sources; however, it is the first example of a number of emerging energy technologies that must be dealt with by EPA. The report discusses the regulatory app...

413

Modern Offices: A User Survey. National Building Studies Research Paper 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A record and assessment of the important environmental features of office buildings erected between 1948 and 1961 in the business center of London, England, has been assembled. This survey gives an overall picture of the main trends in office building and architecture and examines their consequences in terms of user satisfactions and complaints.…

Langdon, F. J.

414

Online Literature Searching and Databases at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Center Library, Cincinnati, Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to information services used by the Environmental Research Center (ERC) in Cincinnati, the scientific and technical information focal point for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), explains the online searching services available at the Cincinnati Library, outlines the procedure for requesting a literature search, and…

Calkins, Mary L., Comp.

415

ROLE OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY IN ENVIRONMENTAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Analytical chemistry is an important tier of environmental protection and has been traditionally linked to compliance and/or exposure monitoring activities for environmental contaminants. The adoption of the risk management paradigm has led to special challenges for analytical ch...

416

Strategy for Research on Environmental Risks to Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is committed to promoting a safe and healthy environment for children through regulations, standards, policies, and risk assessments that consider special childhood vulnerabilities to environmental agents (EP...

J. Cicmanec K. Hammerstrom S. Hem G. Kimmel W. Nelson R. Smialowicz

2000-01-01

417

Research progress in the use of ferrate(VI) for the environmental remediation.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to review the research progress of using ferrate(VI) in following fields of environmental remediation: (1) water disinfection; (2) degradation of synthetic organic pollutants; (3) treatment of emerging organic pollutants; (4) oxidation of inorganic pollutants; (5) removing humic substance; (6) wastewater treatment and disinfection; and (7) sewage sludge treatment. Whilst the superior performance of potassium ferrate(VI) as an oxidant/disinfectant for the environmental remediation has been demonstrated in various recent researches, challenges have existed to the implementation of ferrate(VI) technology in full-scale water, wastewater and sewage sludge treatment owing to either the instability property of a ferrate(VI) solution or a high preparation cost of a solid ferrate(VI). In addition to this, there are some fundamental issues which have not yet been studied thoroughly which are crucial for the implementation of ferrate(VI)-these lead to the future research work recommended by this paper. PMID:17531376

Jiang, J Q

2007-07-31

418

Participatory Action Research and Environmental Learning: Implications for Resilient Forests and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can a participatory approach to research promote environmental learning and enhance social-ecological systems resilience? Participatory action research (PAR) is an approach to research that its' supporters claim can foster new knowledge, learning, and action to support positive social and environmental change through reorienting the standard…

Ballard, Heidi L.; Belsky, Jill M.

2010-01-01

419

Electric Power Research Institute: environmental Control Technology Center.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month involved continued investigations into the Clear Liquor Scrubbing Process for the production of Anhydrous Calcium Sulfate (Anhydrite). The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the Carbon Injection System (the Pulse-jet Fabric Filter) remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. From May 3-18, the NYSEG Kintigh Station and the ECTC were off-line for a two-week scheduled Station outage. During the ECTC outage, the major systems of the Center were inspected, and several preventive maintenance activities were completed. A listing of the major O&M outage activities completed during this period is presented in the Pilot/Mini-Pilot section of this report. In May 1997, an extension to the Anhydrite Production test block was started following the NYSEG outage. The extension to the Anhydrite Production test block is being funded by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) after promising results from the original test program. Both EPRI and the Department of Energy (DOE) funded the original test program as part of the DOE`s Advanced Power Systems Program, whose mission is to accelerate the commercialization of affordable, high- efficiency, low-emission, coal-fueled electric generating technologies. While the pilot portion of the Anhydrite project was conducted on the 4.0 MW wet FGD pilot unit at EPRI`s Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) in Barker, New York, the extension mainly used the 0.4 MW Mini-Pilot wet FGD unit to reduce operating costs. The project is designed to develop an advanced FGD process that produces a useable byproduct, anhydrite (anhydrous calcium sulfate). The original CLS/Anhydrite process included three steps: chloride removal, clear liquor scrubbing, and anhydrite production. The final step in the process involved sending the calcium sulfite slurry from the sludge bed reactor to the anhydrite reaction tank for conversion to anhydrous calcium sulfate (anhydrite). The original objective in the PRDA project was to demonstrate all three areas of the integrated process. However, the primary focus has been on anhydrite production because: The anhydrite process is the least developed and potentially most valuable of the three proposed processes; The initial anhydrite tests on the pilot unit were encouraging; and, The DOE has placed emphasis on the reuse of byproduct materials.

NONE

1997-09-04

420

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month continued with the Phase I DOE/PRDA investigation of the Clear Liquor Scrubbing Process with Anhydrite Production and Chloride Control. The Phase I DOE/PRDA testing of the B&W/Condensing Heat Exchanger (CHE) also continued this month as the inlet particulate control system (installed September 1996) is maintaining the inlet particulate mass loading to the unit at an average value of 0.2 lb./MMBTU. The one-year tube wear analysis project conducted across this unit will be completed in the early part of March. At the completion of testing, a final inspection will be conducted before the unit is cleaned, disassembled, and returned to B&W and CH Corp. for additional analysis. Once the unit is removed from the ECTC, the 0.4 MW Mini-Pilot Wet Scrubber unit will be assembled and configured back into the flue gas path for future testing. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the Carbon Injection System (the Pulse-jet Fabric Filter configuration) remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. In February 1997, the Clear Liquor Scrubbing with Anhydrite Production test block continued. This PRDA project is being jointly funded by the Electric Power Research Institute and the Department of Energy and is part of the DOE`s Advanced Power Systems Program, whose mission is to accelerate the commercialization of affordable, high-efficiency, low-emission, coal-fueled electric generating technologies. The pilot portion of the CLS/Anhydrite project is being conducted on the 4.0 MW wet FGD pilot unit at EPRI`s Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). The project is designed to develop an advanced FGD process incorporating chloride control, clear liquor scrubbing, and anhydrite (anhydrous calcium sulfate) production. While the three areas of the integrated process can be used independently, they work together in a manner that benefits the overall process. The HCI control process involves controlled humidification of the flue gas with a slurry containing a calcium-based alkali. The potential advantages of the HCI control process include: Helps control scaling in CLS process and increases the anhydrite production rate. Reduces the chloride concentration in FGD solutions which reduces the corrosion rate of alloys and increases the limestone dissolution rate (through calcium common ion effect).

NONE

1997-02-01

421

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month involved the completion of the Clear Liquor Scrubbing with Anhydrite Production test block extension. Also, the test plan for July (Dry Sorbent Injection with the Carbon Injection System) was developed and reconfiguration activities were initiated. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the 0.4 MW Mini-Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. These units remain available for testing as future project work is identified. In June 1997, the extension to the Anhydrite Production test block was completed. The extended Anhydrite test block was funded by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) after reviewing the promising results from the original test program. Both EPRI and the Department of Energy (DOE) funded the original PRDA test program as part of the DOE`s Advanced Power Systems Program, whose mission is to accelerate the commercialization of affordable, high-efficiency, low-emission, coal-fueled electric generating technologies. The project is designed to develop an advanced FGD process that produces a usable byproduct, anhydrite (anhydrous calcium sulfate). While the pilot portion of the Anhydrite PRDA project was conducted on the 4-MW wet FGD pilot unit at EPRI`s Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) in Barker, New York, the extension testing mainly used the 0.4 MW wet FGD pilot unit to reduce operating costs. As discussed in previous progress reports, the original CLS/Anhydrite process included three steps: chloride removal, clear liquor scrubbing, and anhydrite production. The final step in the process involved sending the calcium sulfite slurry from the sludge bed reactor to the anhydrite reaction tank for conversion to anhydrous calcium sulfate (anhydrite). The original objective in the PRDA project was to demonstrate all three areas of the integrated process. However, the primary focus has been on anhydrite production because: (1) The anhydrite process is the least developed and potentially most valuable of the three proposed processes; (2) The initial anhydrite tests on the pilot unit were encouraging; and, (3) The DOE has placed emphasis on the reuse of byproduct materials.

NONE

1997-06-01

422

Foreign Language Instruction and Second Language Acquisition Research in the United States. NFLC Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foreign language instruction and related research on second language acquisition in the United States can be understood only in the context of the role of English, of American education, and of speech and language research. Any part of an educational system is both a result of historical processes and a response to current needs and values. The…

Ferguson, Charles; Heubner, Thom

423

AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers: Health, Fitness, Recreation, and Dance. Volume II, Book 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The titles included in this collection are: Biographical Research in Health Education; Historical Research as it Applies to Groups or Institutions; Water & Electrolytes and Other Aids; Limiting Factors of Endurance Performance: A Brief Review; Limiting Factors for Endurance Exercise: Carbohydrate and Fat Utilization; Hooked on Running: A…

Cox, Richard H., Ed.

424

Invited paper: Implementing digital data hiding algorithms in reconfigurable hardware — Experiences on teaching and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital data hiding algorithms have recently re- ceived attention of the research community as an alternative to fight the piracy problem in the Internet era. Several data hiding applications, such as broadcasting monitoring and live performance watermarking, require a real-time multi-channel behavior, also new applications are constantly pushing the limits of available computing systems. This motivates the research on custom

Rene Cumplido; Claudia Feregrino-Uribe; Jose Juan Garcia-Hernandez

2011-01-01

425

The Assessment of the Institutional Research Function. AIR 1994 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Georgia College, a public, 4-year institution in the University System of Georgia, conducted an assessment of its institutional research function. The assessment design consisted of two distinct elements: an internal program assessment, and an assessment of institutional research as perceived by campus constituents. The assessment was…

Harrington, Charles

426

Going Further: A Roadmap to the Works of the ACCLAIM Research Initiative. Working Paper No. 42  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Going Further" presents a roadmap to the works of the ACCLAIM (Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics) Research Initiative, the research effort of one the Centers for Learning and Teaching (CLTs) created with a grant (2001-2005) from the National Science Foundation. The Center began with a broad…

Wilson, Zach; Howley, Craig

2012-01-01

427

Stating the Case for Nursing Research Ethics Committees: A Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nurse-led research ethics committees are generally more tolerant of diversity in research proposals than are medical committees steeped in empirical traditions. However, national trends in nursing in Britain may influence a preference for multidisciplinary over nurse-led committees. (SK)

Mitchell, Theresa; Fletcher, Ian

1998-01-01

428

Experimental Research in Culturally Based Education: An Assessment of Feasibility. Final Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive Order 13096 seeks to improve the educational achievement and academic progress of American Indian and Alaska Native students. Section F of the Order requires the U.S. Department of Education to develop and implement a research agenda for that purpose. Among other things, the research agenda is to include an evaluation of the role of…

Yap, Kim O.; Towner, John; Beaulieu, David; Kushman, Jim; Demmert, William; Tharp, Roland

2004-01-01

429

Taking Down the Walls: Communities and Educational Research in Canada's 21st Century. NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To take community seriously in the conduct of educational research, the researcher should consider taking down epistemological walls and the "real" ones that confine the processes and products of academic labor to artificially isolated settings. Epistemologically, the question of walls relates to the kinds of knowledge competed over, most often…

Haig-Brown, Celia

430

Marketing, Investment, and Institutional Renewal in the Academic Research Sector. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of selective renewal of basic research capability within a professional (medical) school of a major research university is addressed. Attention is directed to a strategy and process for conducting such a revitalization that includes marketing the program in a partnership modality to a local foundation. Reasons that the foundation…

Kutina, Kenneth L.; And Others

431

Bibliography of Research in Experiential Learning, Internships and Field Studies. PANEL Resource Paper #10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An annotated bibliography on the state of research in experiential learning covers sponsored field study, internships, or cooperative type placements at the postsecondary level. In addition to 4 studies in progress, 23 empirical research projects are described that concern program evaluation, developmental changes in students, program design, and…

Anderson, Jennifer, Comp.; Smith, Leslie, Comp.

432

Open Support Platform for Environmental Research (OSPER) - tools for the discovery and exploitation of environmental data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Open Support Platform for Environmental Research (OSPER) has been launched to take forward key data management components developed under the Swiss Experiment platform project to achieve improved usability and a wider scope. With this project, we aim to connect users to data and their context, an area identified during SwissEx as having the greatest potential impact on the research community. OSPER has a clear focus on providing the technology for data storage, management and exploitation with a special focus on data interoperability and documentation. In this presentation, we will demonstrate the key aims of OSPER for the period 2012 - 2015. Inheriting the basic SwissEx functionality, OSPER provides an excellent method of making data accessible via their metadata. One of the biggest differences between the OSPER infrastructure and other data platforms is the level of interaction that one can have with the data and the level of integration with the analysis tools used in science. We wish to capitalise on this advantage by increasing this integration and working with environmental research projects to develop the tools that make a difference to their daily research. The new data infrastructure will serve the following purposes: ? Open documentation, archiving and discovery of datasets. ? Facilitation of data sharing and collaboration (especially inter-disciplinary) with data owner controlled access rights, particularly concentrating on providing as much contextual information as possible. ? Improvements in ease of data access and combination of data sources. ? Tools for data visualisation and statistical and numerical data analysis with a focus on spatial data and trends. Key areas identified for development during OSPER are: ? New infrastructure and content for current WebGIS-based data visualisation system to create a publicly available platform. ? Provision of data in standard formats using standard methods as well as the consumption of such data by the processing/visualisation tools. ? Provision of connected tools to provide commonly used functionality. ? Cloud compatibility. ? Greater integration of metadata and data. ? Integration of publications using advances made in the ScienceWise project. ? Advanced queries of 3- and 4-Dimensional data sources. ? Documented examples of spatio-temporal statistical tools. Each of the components of the infrastructure (database middleware, WebGIS, model interfaces and processing/visualization tools) will be designed for usage both within the OSPER system and standalone. They will provide standardized interfaces, such that they can be adapted for use with data from any compatible infrastructure, and such that the data held within OSPER can be visualized or processed using any compatible tools.

Dawes, N. M.; Lehning, M.; Bavay, M.; Sarni, S.; Iosifescu, I.; Gwadera, R.; Scipion, D. E.; Blanchet, J.; Davison, A.; Berne, A.; Hurni, L.; Parlange, M. B.; Aberer, K.

2012-12-01

433

Conflicts of interest in research: is clinical decision-making compromised? An opinion paper.  

PubMed

Lack of transparency in funded research can compromise clinical decision-making in an evidence-based practice. Transparency can be defined as full disclosure of all financial assistance and support to authors and investigators. There is a perception that ethical principles are eroding and that research data can be biased due to conflicts of interest. These research outcomes biased or not, are used for clinical decision-making in the evidence-based practice. One suggested solution to this common ethical dilemma is to continue the dialogue on transparency in research and to create oversight bodies which include representatives from business and industry, private practice, academia, and research. There is increasing evidence of the need for more ethics education at all levels. PMID:20945733

Adibi, Shawn; Abidi, Shawn; Bebermeyer, Richard D

2010-08-01

434

IFLA General Conference, 1992. Division of General Research Libraries: Section on National Libraries; Section on Parliamentary Libraries; Section on University Libraries and Other General Research Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen papers delivered for the Division of General Research Libraries at the 1992 International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions annual meeting are presented. These papers deal with national libraries, parliamentary (legislative) libraries, and university libraries. The papers are: (1) "Seeking Alternatives to National…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, London (England).

435

The relation between environmental performance and environmental disclosure: a research note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of the relation between environmental performance and environmental disclosure have consistently documented a lack of significance. This study examines the relation between 1990 annual report environmental disclosures for a sample of 131 US companies and their environmental performance as based on toxics release data from 1988 (made available in 1990). In contrast to the previous examinations, results indicate

Dennis M. Patten

2002-01-01

436

Views of the Medical Research Council on the Green Paper "A Framework for Government Research and Development"*  

PubMed Central

The Council recognize the research needs of Government departments and wish to play their part in meeting them (paragraph 4). The Council have an important role in the national research effort (paragraph 5). Coherent policies in medical research are essential for the best use of resources (paragraph 6). The customer/contractor relationship is inappropriate to most biomedical research (paragraph 8). Transfer of 25% of the Council's budget to departments would, in the long term, hinder the advance of medical practice (paragraph 9). Short-term consequences for universities would be severe (paragraph 10). It would be uneconomical for departments to duplicate machinery for making detailed research policy choices (paragraph 11). A better partnership that will meet the needs of government should be developed between departments and the Council (paragraph 12). Respective responsibilities of departments and the Council in research should be redefined (paragraph 12a). Government funds for medical and related research should be reapportioned in relation to responsibilities (paragraph 12b). A basis is proposed for future partnership with departments, which is not dependent on financial sanctions (paragraph 12c). The Council favour establishment of a board similar to that proposed in the Dainton report (Annex 2).

1972-01-01

437

Summary of work completed under the Environmental and Dynamic Equipment Qualification research program (EDQP)  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of the main projects undertaken under the Environmental and Dynamic Equipment Qualification Research Program (EDQP) sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) under FIN A6322. Lasting from fiscal year 1983 to 1987, the program dealt with environmental and dynamic (including seismic) equipment qualification issues for mechanical and electromechanical components and systems used in nuclear power plants. The research results have since been used by both the NRC and industry. The program included seven major research projects that addressed the following issues: (a) containment purge and vent valves performing under design basis loss of coolant accident loads, (b) containment piping penetrations and isolation valves performing under seismic loadings and design basis and severe accident containment wall displacements, (c) shaft seals for primary coolant pumps performing under station blackout conditions, (d) electrical cabinet internals responding to in-structure generated motion (rattling), and (e) in situ piping and valves responding to seismic loadings. Another project investigating whether certain containment isolation valves will close under design basis conditions was also started under this program. This report includes eight main section, each of which provides a brief description of one of the projects, a summary of the findings, and an overview of the application of the results. A bibliography lists the journal articles, papers, and reports that document the research.

Steele, R. Jr.; Bramwell, D.L.; Watkins, J.C.; DeWall, K.G. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-02-01

438

Research on environmental impacts of tourism in China: progress and prospect.  

PubMed

With the rapid development of tourism industry in China since 1980, the country has experienced an increasing use of its natural and cultural environment for tourism, resulting in tourism resources being adversely impacted in many tourism destinations. This paper described the research progress in tourism impacts on the environment in the context of China through a review of the growing literature in this field. Specifically, research on tourism impacts on the biophysical and socio-cultural environments, tourism carrying capacity, environmental quality assessment, and measures for the protection and management of tourism resources was reviewed. The review found that the majority of research was qualitative and descriptive in nature, and there was a lack of case studies and theoretical development. Future research should focus on the evaluation of environmental impacts, particularly those gradual cumulative impacts on the tourism environment; examination of the quantitative relationship between the impact and the level of tourism use for different activities; development of methods to estimate the carrying capacity; and understanding of positive impacts of tourism. PMID:21821344

Zhong, Linsheng; Deng, Jinyang; Song, Zengwen; Ding, Peiyi

2011-11-01

439

The Language Research Center's Computerized Test System for environmental enrichment and psychological assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the spring of 1987, we undertook to provide environmental enrichment to nonhuman primate subjects in ways that would complement and even contribute to the bio-behaviorial science that justified the monkeys' captivity. Of course, the psychological well-being of captive primates--and indeed all research species-- has been an area of intense research activity since the 1985 amendment of the Animal Welfare Act. This mandate for researchers to ensure the psychological, as well as physical, fitness of experimental animals catalyzed the humane and scientific interests of the research community. The contemporary literature is replete with proposed means both of assaying and of providing enrichment and well-being. Notwithstanding, consensus on either assessment or intervention has yet to be reached. The paradigm we employed was modelled after successful efforts with chimpanzees. An automated test system was constructed in which subjects responded to computer tasks by manipulating a joystick. The tasks, interactive game-like versions of many of the classic testing paradigms of cognitive and comparative psychology, permitted the controlled presentation of stimuli and demands without the required presence of a human experimenter. Despite significant barriers to the success, rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and a variety of other primate species (including, of course, humans) have mastered the skills necessary for testing in this paradigm. Previous experiments have illustrated the utility of the test system for addressing questions of learning, memory, attention, perception, and motivation. Additional data have been reported to support the contention that the Language Research Center's Computerized Test System (LRC-CTS) serves its other raison d'etre--providing environmental enrichment and assessing psychological well-being. This paper is designed to augment previous descriptions of the technology and the paradigm for scientists and caretakers interested in environmental enrichment and performance assessment with primates.

Washburn, D. A.; Rumbaugh, D. M.; Richardson, W. K.

1992-01-01

440

Qualitative Strategies in Social and Educational Research: The Life History Method in Theory and Practice. Newland Papers, Number Fourteen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Already a standard technique in anthropology, the life history method is widely used in the development of oral and local history, and within educational and social science research the method is growing in popularity. This is in large part due to the growing respectability of qualitative research in general. Part I of this paper explains the life…

Armstrong, Paul F.

441

75 FR 38100 - National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Superfund Hazardous Substance Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...fundamental issues related to hazardous substances. These disciplines include toxicology, molecular biology, engineering, geosciences, epidemiology, ecology, etc. SRP research achieves a fundamental understanding of biological, environmental and...

2010-07-01

442

Geothermal heating for the Arizona Environmental Research Laboratory greenhouses  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary study of the technical and economic feasibility of installing a retrofit geothermal heating system is analyzed for the Environmental Research Laboratory Farms greenhouse facility located in Tucson, Arizona. The facility consists of 10.6 acres of greenhouse area, of which 7.4 acres are currently operational. Natural gas or diesel fuel are presently used for heating. The maximum heating load is estimated to be 28,620,000 Btu/hr. Average annual heating energy consumption between 1974 and 1979 was 35,684 million But/year for 7.4 acres of greenhouse, costing an estimated $96,703 at 1981 natural gas prices. Two 2500 foot geothermal production wells are required, each capable of producing 1500 gpm of 130{sup 0}F water. The geothermal water is expected to contain 500 ppM total dissolved solids. Total estimated capital cost for installing the system is $902,946. The expected first year geothermal energy cost savigs are estimated to be $58,920. A simple payback of 9.1 years is calculated and the project has a net present value of $961,751. Geothermal heat could be supplied at a cost of $5.39 per million Btu in the first year of operation. The project as herein presented is marginally economic. However, it became clear after the study that an attractive economic case could be made for providing about 50 to 60 percent of the required heating load as a base load using geothermal energy.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

443

International Conference on Research Library Cooperation (Stanford, California, October 1-3, 1984). Papers 1-13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises a program schedule; welcoming remarks by Herman Liebaers (Brussels), entitled "Towards a European Equivalent of the Council on Library Resources"; and conference papers presented at an international conference on cooperation among research libraries. The following papers presented at the conference are (with two exceptions)…

Research Libraries Group, Inc., Stanford, CA.

444

Position papers on the US ITER Research and Development (R and D) Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the US ITER research and development program on the following topics: Magnets; Neutral Beam; PF Magnets; Blanket/Shield; Containment Structures; Remote Handling and Maintenance; Fueling; Vacuum Technology; Plasma Facing Components; I...

A. J. Glass J. N. Doggett F. V. Kahle D. E. Post C. C. Baker

1992-01-01

445

Papers Commissioned for the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The opportunity for experimental research involving early human embryos has become feasible only recently. Coincidentally, the increased clinical utilization of assisted conception technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) for the treatment of inf...

1994-01-01

446

Utilization of Family Planning Services en Peru. Small Applied Research Paper No. 9.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our research is focused on the study of four types of interventions: family planning, birth control, birth services, and the pap smear. Despite obvious differences in analysis due to the very characteristics of these interventions, it has been possible fo...

A. Beltran

1999-01-01

447

Greentree White Paper: Sexual Violence, Genitoanal Injury, and HIV: Priorities for Research, Policy, and Practice  

PubMed Central

Abstract The links between sexual violence, genitoanal injury, and HIV are understudied but potentially significant for understanding the epidemic's disproportionate impacts on young women and girls, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, other hyperendemic areas, and conflict-affected regions. A Scientific Research Planning Meeting was convened by the Social Science Research Council at the Greentree Foundation in New York, March 19–20, 2012, bringing together an interdisciplinary group of researchers, clinicians, and policy makers to identify knowledge needs and gaps in three key areas: (1) the role of genitoanal injury on HIV transmission, acquisition, and pathogenesis; (2) the influence of sex and age-related anatomic characteristics on HIV transmission, acquisition, and pathogenesis; and (3) the role of heterosexual anal intercourse in HIV transmission. This article reflects the consensus that emerged from the Greentree Meeting regarding priority scientific research questions in these three areas, associated data collection and measurement challenges and opportunities, and implications for policy and practice.

Auerbach, Judith D.; Veronese, Fulvia; Brown, Gina; Pei, April; Wira, Charles R.; Hope, Thomas J.; M'boup, Souleymane

2012-01-01

448

Environmental Science and Research Foundation, Inc. annual technical report: Calendar year 1997  

SciTech Connect

This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The Foundation conducts an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provides environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research on the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. Summaries are included of the individual research projects.

Reynolds, R.D.; Warren, R.W. [eds.

1998-05-01

449

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEGENER is originally the acronym for Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research. It was founded in March 1981 in response to an appeal delivered at the Journées Luxembourgeoises de Geodynamique in December 1980 to respond with a coordinated European proposal to a NASA Announcement of Opportunity inviting participation in the Crustal Dynamics and Earthquake Research Program. WEGENER, during the past 32 years, has always kept a close contact with the Agencies and Institutions responsible for the development and maintenance of the global space geodetic networks with the aim to make them aware of the scientific needs and outcomes of the project which might have an influence on the general science policy trends. WEGENER was serving as Inter-commission Project 3.2, between Commission 1 and Commission 3, of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) until 2012. Since then, WEGENER project has became the Sub-commission 3.5 of IAG commission 3, namely Tectonics and Earthquake Geodesy. In this study, we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, Haluk; Zerbini, Susanna; Bastos, Luisa; Becker, Matthias; Meghraoui, Mustapha; Reilinger, Robert

2013-04-01

450

ORD/NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS LABORATORY'S RESEARCH PROGRAMS AND TOPICS INTERNET SITE  

EPA Science Inventory

This Internet site provides information on the research (by Research Area) conducted under the direction of the EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) at the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL). Information on all of NHEERL's Research Ar...

451

Quarterly Report of Railway Technical Research Institute, Vol. 31, No. 4, December 1990. Technical Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains English language Reviews, Technical Papers and Technical Notes by authors from the various laboratories in the Institute. The reports should be of interest to all personnel engaged in the transportation industry with particular emphasi...

1990-01-01

452

Commissioned Paper for National Institute of Justice: Research Meeting on Longitudinal Data on Teen Dating Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This brief review paper was commissioned by the National Institute of Justice with a specific charge to identify relevant studies that fit the following two types of targeted longitudinal data sets: 1) those where teen dating violence (TDV) measures could...

D. L. Espelage

2012-01-01

453

Selected demonstration and educational products/activities. [National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center  

SciTech Connect

The information in this paper was assembled for several informal presentations to a variety of visitor groups during the summer of 1992. A number of staff members at TVA's National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (NFERC) found it useful as a quick overview for their use and for their sharing with external colleagues and customers. The paper is not meant to be an exhaustive list or explanation of all products and services available from NFERC. However, the authors believe it will give a flavor and tenor of some of the ongoing activities of the Center, especially those activities relating to the retail fertilizer dealer. Programs over the years have focused on key aspects of nutrient efficiency and management. TVA is uniquely positioned to assist the fertilizer industry and US agriculture in protecting the environment from potential adverse environmental impacts of agriculture, especially for fertilizer and the attendant agrichemicals. TVA has the technical base and an ongoing working relationship with the fertilizer industry in technology development and introduction. Dealer education is very important in TVA programs in two aspects: (1) education for the dealer in meeting new environmental stewardship challenges from an operational perspective; and (2) education for the dealer in meeting the site-specific information needs of the farmer.

Williams, R.J.; Mann, H.C.

1992-07-01

454

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Initiates Wetlands Research in the Pacific Northwest.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In January 1986 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) adopted a Wetlands Research Plan (Zedler and Kentula 1986). The plan describes the research necessary to assist the Agency in implementing its responsibilities for protecting wetlands, includi...

M. E. Kentula

1987-01-01

455

Air Pollution: EPA's (Environmental Protection Agency's) Process for Planning, Budgeting, and Reviewing Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report focuses on concerns that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) may not give adequate consideration to the needs of EPA regulators in planning and budgeting for research and determines to what extent that EPA research programs are reviewed b...

1987-01-01

456

Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Environmental and Watershed Research Annual Technical Report, FY 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Maine Water Resources Research Institute serves an important function in the state through its support of research, graduate studies, and outreach. During the past year the Maine Institute has supported five projects: Valuing Environmental Changes for...

2006-01-01

457

Energy Efficiency and Indoor Environmental Quality in Schools. A Joint EPA Working Paper from Energy Star[R] and Indoor Air Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how to protect and enhance indoor environmental quality without sacrificing energy performance, lists the common pollutants and their sources, and explores how energy efficiency projects affect indoor environmental quality. Also highlighted are study figures showing the energy costs of outdoor air ventilation and an…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Radiation and Indoor Air.

458

Environmental Impact Research Program: Environmental Impact Assessment in Coastal Habitats: An Evaluation of Predictions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey of environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared for coastal projects was undertaken to evaluate the degree to which environmental impact prediction changed over the 20-year period since EISs were required. Statements were evaluated for the lev...

C. T. Hackney

1990-01-01

459

Preliminary Investigation of the Abuse of Girls in Zimbabwean Junior Secondary Schools. Education Research Paper. Knowledge & Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study found that the abuse of girls in the coeducational schools where the research took place was widespread and took the form of aggressive sexual behavior, intimidation and physical assault by older boys, sexual advances by male teachers, and corporal punishment and verbal abuse by both female and male teachers (on boys as well as girls).…

Leach, Fiona; Machakanja, Pamela

460

Ethics and Leadership: Reflections from A Public Research University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues of ethics and leadership are important, growing and intense in universities. Five examples are discussed, drawn from the personal experience of the author. These involve the selection of research, the collection and use of ethically sensitive materials, major relationships with industry and donors, access and admissions, and the content of…

King, C. Judson

2008-01-01

461

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 10: The NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of the NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge DIffusion Research Project in helping to maintain U.S. competitiveness is addressed. The phases of the project are examined in terms of the focus, emphasis, subjects, methods, and desired outcomes. The importance of the project to aerospace R&D is emphasized.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Kennedy, John M.; Barclay, Rebecca O.

1991-01-01

462

Validating the IS-Impact Measurement Model in Malaysia: A Research-in-Progress Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies making large investments in information systems anticipate positive impacts on their organisation. Measuring information systems effectiveness or success has been an important criterion for practitioners and researchers in justifying the associated investment, both pre- and post-implementation. Often this kind of impact simply relates to the cost benefits. However, the impact that these systems bring to the companies usually involves

Nur Fazidah Elias

463

Organizational Communications in Refugee Camp Situations. New Issues in Refugee Research. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research on the international and multicultural not-for-profit inter-organizational domain is examined to identify models for designing intercultural communication training to members of refugee camp populations, their host communities, and aid project participants. Three levels of training programs with the following objectives are described:…

Ngai, Phyllis Bo-yuen; Koehn, Peter H.

464

Studies in Placement Working Paper No. 2. Research in Rehabilitation Placement: A Conference Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is an edited transcript of proceedings of a 3-day training conference held in Berkeley, California, July 15-17, 1976 to determine what issues were researchable on placement in vocational rehabilitation. The 46 participants were divided into 4 d...

L. F. James

1977-01-01

465

Strategic Marketing Evaluation: A Focus Area for Institutional Research. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of awareness, knowledge, and current practices regarding strategic marketing within institutional research (IR) offices were studied for colleges in the Rocky Mountain region. Of the 18 responding offices, 9 indicated that their institutions utilized a marketing approach to planning. Of these 9 offices, 56 percent reported formal…

Cooper, Edward M.; Gackenbach, Rusty

466

Application Generators: Their Impact within Institutional Research and Beyond. AIR Forum 1982 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of application generators and the reasons they are and will be used increasingly in collegiate institutional research are addressed. The incorporation of application generators within a total institutional data and information processing network is also outlined. The analysis considers the often noted "gap" between expectations…

Stevenson, Michael; Walleri, R. Dan

467

Research on University-Industry Linkages: The State of the Art. AIR 1984 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning research partnerships between universities and industry are reviewed. Attention is directed to: the genesis of partnerships, a typology of linkages, salient incentives for academe and commerce, currently perceived barriers, qualitative assessment of linkages, and recommendations for the improvement of partnerships. Linkages fall…

Melchiori, Gerlinda S.

468

Seek, Gather, and Report. Experiences in Program-Based Literacy Research. Occasional Paper No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains nine articles about the process of doing research by literacy practitioners and volunteers in several areas of the Ontario (Canada) literacy field. "Implementing a Workplace Program: A Look Back" (Maria Ioannou-Makrakis) describes the process followed and the learning outcomes from planning, implementing, and developing a…

Program-Based Research Special Interest Group, London (Ontario).

469

The Interview: An Educational Research Tool. An Occasional Paper from ERIC at Stanford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like all good social research methods, the interview demands careful planning and intelligent administration. The study director formulates the goals of the study, which serve as the basis for the interview schedule or instrument. The interview schedule decided upon may be standardized or unstandardized. Questions may be closed-ended or…

Collins, Andrew

470

Medically Assisted Conception: An Agenda for Research. Report of a Study and Workshop Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was prompted by a concern that, because of a policy that in effect prohibits federal funds for research involving human embryos, the clinical practice of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVFET) was pushing to the limit of its scientif...

1989-01-01

471

Tracking and Inequality: New Directions for Research and Practice. WCER Working Paper No. 2009-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of tracking and ability grouping--the division of students into separate tracks, classes, and groups for instruction based on their purported interests and abilities--has long been debated. Evidence from decades of research indicates that tracking magnifies inequality between high and low achievers without raising achievement overall,…

Gamoran, Adam

2009-01-01

472

Educational and Occupational Attainment of Migrants and Nonmigrants from a Colombian Highland Community. Research Paper 63.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report focuses on the educational, migrational, and occupational characteristics of the rural-born people from various class origins in a highland minifundia community near Bogota, Colombia. Three main objectives are to describe the nature of growth and adjustment in the labor force under conditions of rapid population growth and…

Haney, Wava G.

473

The Chemical Transfer of Memory, Research and Implications. An I/D/E/A Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, the product of a second seminar on the chemical transfer of memory, summarizes the current research work presented at the seminar including future implications for education as perceived by the 12 biochemists and psychologists who participated. Developments described include 1) the memory-transfer experiments of James McConnell from…

Institute for Development of Educational Activities, Dayton, OH.

474

Does Field Independence Relate to Performance on Communicative Language Tests? Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent language testing research investigates factors other than language proficiency that may be responsible for systematic variance in language test performance. One such factor is the test takers' cognitive styles. The present study was carried out with the aim of finding the probable effects of Iranian EFL learners' cognitive styles on their…

Salmani-Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

2006-01-01

475

Science and the Entrepreneurial University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.9.10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current and still-evolving role of the American research university has been shaped by four key developments in the past sixty-five years: the historic decision to establish a comprehensive postwar federal science policy, described in Vannevar Bush's 1945 report, "Science, The Endless Frontier;" the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980; economic analyses…

Atkinson, Richard C.; Pelfrey, Patricia A.

2010-01-01

476

Futures Research Data and General Education Reform. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usefulness of futures research data to reform the general education curriculum was assessed in 1984, using the Delphi method. Expert opinion was identified concerning changes in the general education curriculum that should be made in light of conclusions provided in "The Global 2000 Report" and "Megatrends." In addition to stating…

Alley, J. David

477

The Effects of State Public K-12 Education Expenditures On Income Distribution. NEA Research Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of education on people's income are well documented in the economics literature, and the benefits of investing in human capital--in terms of both higher earnings and of other economic and social benefits--are popular research topics for economists and other social scientists. The present study explores the effects of public education…

Behr, Todd; Christofides, Constantinos; Neelakantan, Pattabiraman

2004-01-01

478

The Economics of Direct versus Indirect Cost Recovery in Sponsored Research. AIR Annual 1984 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of reduced reimbursements by the federal government for indirect research costs was analyzed for the typical academic medical center. The effects of simply cutting indirect cost reimbursement were contrasted with the impact of securing compensating levels of increased direct project support. To determine if the consequences differed as…

Kutina, Kenneth L.; And Others

479

The Role of Historical Research in Higher Education. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role and purposes of historical research in the study of higher education are considered, and essential processes in employing historical methodology are identified. An historical study underway of Native American tribally controlled community colleges heavily utilizing primary sources is cited as a case in point of how lessons learned from…

Young, Raymond J.

480

Parental Involvement and Literacy Achievement: The Research Evidence and the Way Forward. Consultation Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review of published research findings on parental involvement and literacy was undertaken to support the information needs of the National Literacy Trust, policymakers and educational providers in the United Kingdom (UK). Parental involvement and family involvement is a core value of the National Literacy Trust and underpins its…

National Literacy Trust (England)

481

Decommissioning of the Austrian 10 MW Research Reactor, Results and Lessons learned Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the decision to shut down the 10 MW ASTRA-MTR Research Reactor was reached in May 1998, the possible options and required phases for decommissioning and removal of the radioactive components were evaluated in a decommissioning study. To support the decisions at each phase, an estimate of the activity inventory in the various parts of the reactor and the waste

G. Hillebrand; F. Meyer

2008-01-01

482

Research on Environmental Financial Risk Management and Construction of Environmental Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Environmental finance is developing as a field in response to an acceptance of the idea that sound environmental management\\u000a is positively correlated with sound economic management. Thus, there is growing confidence that environmental quality is justified\\u000a by the bottom line. However, because environmental quality cannot be packaged like a physical commodity and sold in a traditional\\u000a marketplace, innovation has been

Zhao Yajing; Xiao Xu; Zhang Caiping

483

Addressing conflicts of interest in the research paper: a societal demand in contemporary science?  

PubMed Central

In the last decade, dialogue between science and society has found a forum in an increasing number of publications on topics such as public engagement with science and public trust in science. Concerning the latter, issues that include cases of research misconduct, accountability in research, and conflicts of interest (COIs) have shaped global discussions on the communication of science. In the publication setting, the perception that hiding COIs and/or not managing them well may affect public trust in the research record has grown among editors. We conducted a search for editorials addressing COIs between 1989 and 2011, using four major databases: Medline/PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge. We explored the content of these editorials and the relationship they established between COIs and the public trust in science. Our results demonstrate that the relationship between disclosure of COIs and public trust in science has become a major concern among editors. We, thus, argue that COIs should be discussed more openly and frequently in graduate courses in the sciences, around the globe, not only in biomedical but also in non-biomedical areas. This is a critical issue in contemporary science, as graduate students are the future voices and decision-makers of the research community. Therefore, COIs, especially in the broader context of science and society, merit closer attention from policymakers, researchers, and educators. At times of great expectations for public engagement with science, mishandling of COIs may have undesirable consequences for public engagement with science and confidence in the scientific endeavor.

Vasconcelos, S.M.R.; Cassimiro, M.C.; Martins, M.F.M.; Palacios, M.

2013-01-01

484

Energy and environmental (JSR) research emphasizing low-rank coal  

SciTech Connect

The products of plastic thermal depolymerization can be used for the manufacture of new plastics or various other hydrocarbon-based products. One thermal depolymerization development effort is ongoing at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) of the University of North Dakota, under joint sponsorship of the American Plastics Council, the 3M corporation, and the Department of Energy. Thermal depolymerization process development began at the EERC with a benchscale program that ran from 9/92 to 6/93 (1). Testing was conducted in a 1-4-lb/hr continuous fluid-bed reactor (CFBR) unit using individual virgin resins and resin blends and was intended to determine rough operating parameters and product yields and to identify product stream components. Process variables examined included temperature and bed material, with a lesser emphasis on gas fluidization velocity and feed material mix. The following work was performed: (1) a short program to determine the suitability of using CaO in a postreactor, fixed bed for chlorine remediation, (2) thermal depolymerization of postconsumer plastics, and (3) testing of industrial (3M) products and wastes to determine their suitability as feed to a thermal depolymerization process. The involvement of DOE in the development of the plastics thermal depolymerization process has helped to facilitate the transfer of coal conversion technology to a new and growing technology area -- waste conversion. These two technology areas are complementary. The application of known coal conversion technology has accelerated the development of plastics conversion technology, and findings from the plastics depolymerization process development, such as the development of chlorine remediation techniques and procedures for measurement of organically associated chlorine, can be applied to new generations of coal conversion processes.

Sharp, L.L.

1994-12-01

485

Toward Fostering Environmental Political Participation: Framing an Agenda for Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars of environmental education (EE) and education for sustainable development (ESD) have been among the environmental leaders calling for individuals to become increasingly engaged in political action aimed at addressing environmental and sustainability issues. Few, however, have studied how educational experiences might foster greater…

Levy, Brett L. M.; Zint, Michaela T.

2013-01-01

486

Students as Catalysts of Environmental Change: A Framework for Researching Intergenerational Influence through Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many environmental problems are desperately in need of attention. Educating both adults and young people is seen as part of the solution to such problems. Given this situation, and the already considerable investment in environmental education in schools, the notion of encouraging students to initiate environmental discussions with adults at home…

Ballantyne, Roy; Connell, Sharon; Fien, John

2006-01-01

487

Bioassy-directed chemical analysis in environmental research  

SciTech Connect

Using short-term bioassays in conjunction with analytical measurements simplifies the identification of environmental contaminants. The term bioassay-directed chemical analysis is used to describe this combination of analytical chemistry and biology. The use of this procedure to identify chemical mutagens in environmental samples is described and explained in this article. 36 references, 7 figures, 3 tables.

Schuetzle, D.; Lewtas, J.

1986-09-01

488

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 38: Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and the communication of technical information in aerospace  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper discusses the use of computers as a medium for communication (CMC) used by aerospace engineers and scientists to obtain and/or provide technical information related to research and development activities. The data were obtained from a questionnaire survey that yielded 1006 mail responses. In addition to communication media, the research also investigates degrees of task uncertainty, environmental complexity, and other relevant variables that can affect aerospace workers' information-seeking strategies. While findings indicate that many individuals report CMC is an important function in their communication patterns, the research indicates that CMC is used less often and deemed less valuable than other more conventional media, such as paper documents, group meetings, telephone and face-to-face conversations. Fewer than one third of the individuals in the survey account for nearly eighty percent of the reported CMC use, and another twenty percent indicate they do not use the medium at all, its availability notwithstanding. These preliminary findings suggest that CMC is not as pervasive a communication medium among aerospace workers as the researcher expect a priori. The reasons underlying the reported media use are not yet fully known, and this suggests that continuing research in this area may be valuable.

Murphy, Daniel J.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

1994-01-01

489

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Media Concentration and the First Amendment Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two papers consider the implications of industry concentration in the mass media industry. The first, "Selling the Store: Policy Implications of the 1986 Bonanza in Television Station Transfers" (Joseph Foley, Ohio State University), analyzes the relationship between key market variables and prices paid in 1986 television stations transfers,…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

490

The Transformation of Academic Work: Facts and Analysis. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.4.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the main changes that have effected a transformation in the nature of academic work: on the one hand, the increasing diversification and specialisation of academic tasks, and on the other, new forms of control over academic work. An analysis of these trends leads to a discussion of the relationships between the evolution of…

Musselin, Christine

2007-01-01

491

A Comparison of Local Concerns in West Virginia Communities: 1996 and 2000. Research Paper 2016.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2000, a survey of 148 local government officials in West Virginia sought information in eight areas of local issues, including community needs. This paper focuses on responses of about 11 categories of community needs and compares them to findings from a similar study conducted in 1996. The categories are governmental administration, financial…

Teagarden, Jennifer

492

Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? Identifying Constraints on the Provision of Education. Policy Research Working Paper 5674  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an estimated 115 million children not attending primary school in the developing world, increasing access to education is critical. Resource constraints limit the effectiveness of demand-based subsidies. This paper focuses on the importance of a supply-side factor--the availability of low-cost teachers--and the resulting ability of the market…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2011-01-01

493

Geological Survey research 1962; Short papers in geology, hydrology, and topography; Articles 180-239  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An investigation of the source of salt contributing to mineralization of the Arkansas and Red Rivers indicated that shallow deposits of halite in the Flowerpot Shale of Permian age were associated with salt springs (Ward, 1960, 1961). This paper summarizes the result of the Red River in Beckham and Harmon Counties, Okla. (Available as Photostat Copy Only)

Geological Survey (U.S.)

1963-01-01

494

Library Schools and Other Training Aspects Section. Education and Research Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on the education and training of librarians, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "The Role of New Technology in the Librarianship Syllabus," in which J. A. Large and R. F. Guy (United Kingdom) describe possible problems related to the integration of new technology…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

495

FDIC Center for Financial Research Working Paper No. 2004-02. Capital Adequacy and Basel II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a one common factor Black-Scholes-Merton (BSM) equilibrium model of credit risk, this paper derives unbiased capital allocation rules for portfolios in which idiosyncratic risk is fully diversified. When these rules are compared with the Basel II In...

P. H. Kupiec

2004-01-01

496