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1

International journal of environmental research and public health best paper award 2015.  

PubMed

nternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health started to institute an annual award in 2013 to recognize outstanding papers related to environmental health sciences and public health that meet the aims, scope and high standards of this journal. We are pleased to announce the third "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Best Paper Awards" for 2015. Nominations were solicited from the Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board members, with all papers published in 2011 eligible for consideration. The following nine papers were selected for recognition awards:[...]. PMID:25612214

Tchounwou, Paul B; Zhou, Joyce

2015-01-01

2

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE REDUCTION ACTIVITIES AND OPTIONS FOR A LAMINATOR OF PAPER AND CARDBOARD PACKAGES.  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) funded a project with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy (NJDEPE) to assist in conducting waste minimization assessments at thirty small- to medium-sized businesses in the state of New Jersey. One of th...

3

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE REDUCTION ACTIVITIES AND OPTIONS FOR A LAMINATOR OF PAPER AND CARDBOARD PACKAGES  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) funded a project with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy (NJDEPE) to assist in conducting waste minimization assessments at thirty small- to medium-sized businesses in the state of New Jersey. ne of the ...

4

Writing a Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of research and the career of a university lecturer depend heavily on the success in publishing scientific papers. This article reviews the guidelines for writing and submitting research papers. The three most important success criteria in publishing are as follows: the paper describes a good research, it is written according to the…

Mikk, Jaan

2006-01-01

5

Appendix E: Research papers. Use of remote sensing in landscape stratification for environmental impact assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A refinement to the matrix approach to environmental impact assessment is to use landscape units in place of separate environmental elements in the analysis. Landscape units can be delineated by integrating remotely sensed data and available single-factor data. A remote sensing approach to landscape stratification is described and the conditions under which it is superior to other approaches that require single-factor maps are indicated. Flowcharts show the steps necessary to develop classification criteria, delineate units and a map legend, and use the landscape units in impact assessment. Application of the approach to assessing impacts of a transmission line in Montana is presented to illustrate the method.

Stanturf, J. A.; Heimbuch, D. G.

1980-01-01

6

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

7

White Paper on Environmental Liability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent European Commission (EC) "White Paper" on environmental liability sets out "the structure for a future EC environmental liability regime that aims at implementing the polluter pays principle." The report includes the key elements necessary for an "effective and practicable" regime. Full text (.pdf format) is available in nine languages, with summaries in ten languages.

8

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

development of two hourly building energy simulation programs, BLAST and DOE­2. Designed in the days simulation tool, EnergyPlus, building on the capabilities and features of BLAST and DOE-2. This paper focusesThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

9

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1­012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂŠ de

10

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4293-9 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 info.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Zero of Computer Science and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2Beijing Key Laboratory

Duchowski, Andrew T.

11

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences July 2012 Vol. 55 No. 7: 1509­1519 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4467-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China; 2School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University

12

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences July 2012 Vol. 55 No. 7: 1639­1649 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4598-3 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info of Internet Security Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2Institute of Computer Science

Duchowski, Andrew T.

13

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences September 2012 Vol. 55 No. 9: 2090­2101 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4427-0 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info University, Beijing 100191, China; 2School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing

14

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences September 2012 Vol. 55 No. 9: 2075­2089 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4637-0 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China; 2Department of Informatics, University

Pajarola, Renato B.

15

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences May 2011 Vol. 54 No. 5: 1­11 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4238-3 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 info.scichina.com www for motion editing using procedure visualization. Sci China Inf Sci, 2011, 54: 1­11, doi: 10.1007/s11432

Lee, In-Kwon

16

The World Food Situation: Resource and Environmental Issues in the Developing Countries and the United States. Research Paper R-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book provides an overview of the food situation in developing nations and in the United States as it will be until the end of the 20th century. Specifically, the research focuses on interrelationships among world food needs, resources, and environmental issues. The document is presented in seven chapters. Chapter I presents background on the…

Crosson, Pierre R.; Frederick, Kenneth D.

17

National Environmental Research Parks  

SciTech Connect

The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.

Not Available

1994-07-01

18

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

. 1997. EnergyBase: The Merger of BLAST and DOE-2. Proceedings of Building Simulation '97, Vol. 3, pp. 1 and supported two hourly building energy simulation programs, DOE­2 and BLAST. DOE­2 has been supportedThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

19

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

locations, using the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) pro- gram (Hittle 1979). TwoThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group.) This study quantitatively examines the potential energy savings for two prototypical buildings due to both

Ghajar, Afshin J.

20

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

simulation programs ­ BLAST and ESP-r are also presented. INTRODUCTION The evaluation of building energyThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group.D. Spitler, S.J. Rees. 2002. An Analytical Verification Test Suite for Multizone Building Fabric and Control

21

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

and disadvantages. Building energy simulations, such as BLAST [BSO, 1989], IBLAST [Taylor, 1990, 1991] and DOE-2This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group Simulation and Its Implementation in EnergyPlus. Proceedings of Building Simulation '99, Vol. 3, pp. 1245

22

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY - CORVALLIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Research Laboratory - Corvallis is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's - national research center for terrestrial and watershed ecology, aquatic ecoregions, and for the ecological effects of climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and atmospheric p...

23

ALTERNATIVES TO RESEARCH PAPERS  

E-print Network

of undergraduate education and are the building blocks of information literacy. Putting thoughts to paper. Trace the paper through ISI's Web of Science (Social Science or Humanities) Citation Index. ¡ Objective

Alpay, S. Pamir

24

Sensing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of environmental education research has been moving away from scientistic and positivistic discourses for some time now ("Environmental Education Research," 2000; Hart & Nolan, 1999). However, it has been noted that the meta-discourse about this research continues to draw on their framings, registers, and lexicons (Hart, 2000;…

Reid, Alan

2003-01-01

25

Summer Research Paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Certain populations such as chemotherapy patients and atomic bomb survivors have been exposed to ionizing radiation and experience tissue damage and cancer initiation and progression. One cancer that can be initiated from radiation is esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), an epithelial cancer that has a survival rate as low as 20%. Researchers have found that when protein tyrosine kinase receptors (RPTK) activate oncogenes, they can create epithelial tumors and cause deadly cancers like ESCC. The RPTK family has one group, MET, that has only two receptors, MET and RON, present in the human body. MET s ligand is the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and RON's ligand is the macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP-1). Both HGF and MSP-1 have been shown to activate their receptors and are implicated in certain processes. Since radiation damages cells throughout the biological system, researchers are investigating whether or not HGF and MSP-1 protects or kills certain normal and cancerous cells by being part of cell recovery processes. One research group recently reviewed that the HGF-MET pathway has an important role in the embryonic development in the liver, migration of myogenic precursor cells, regulation of epithelial morphogenesis and growth, and regeneration and protection in tissues. In addition, since the RON receptor is more commonly expressed in cells of epithelial origin, and when activated is part of epithelial cell matrix invasion, dissociation, and migration processes, scientists conclude that RON might be one of the factors causing epithelial cancer initiation in the biological system. In order to examine HGF and MSP-1 s effect on cancer initiation and progression we used two immortalized esophageal epithelial cell lines. One is a normal human cell line (EPC2-hTERT), while the other had a p53 mutation at the 175th amino acid position (EPC2-hTERT-p53(sup R175H)). For this investigation, we used 0(control), 2, and 4 Gray doses of gamma (Cs137) radiation and selected various concentrations from 0-100 ng/mL of HGF and MSP-1 in our assays. Since the HGF and MSP-1 pathways have proliferative roles in epithelial cells, we conducted the MTT proliferation assay to see if either drug enhances or inhibits cell proliferation over time. Also, a MTT cytotoxicity assay was necessary to observe whether the drugs are protecting the cells from radiation and if a trend is occurring depending upon the amount of dose added. In addition, a wound healing assay was done since both drugs have been to known to promote cell motility. Since cell damage occurs when radiation is added, apoptosis and micronuclei assays are vital to see if HGF and MSP-1 increase or decrease cell death and damage in normal and pre-cancerous cells and by how much based on the radiation dosage. Overall, we used the MTT, wound healing, apoptosis and micronuclei assays to investigate the effects ofHGF and MSP-1 on irradiated esophageal epithelial cells.

Patel, Zarana

2011-01-01

26

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR A MANUFACTURER OF GRAVURE-COATED METALIZED PAPER AND METALIZED FILM  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. n an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cent...

27

Environmental Sustainability Paper Usage / Reduction  

E-print Network

;carbon footprint and develop carbon reduction projects around IT and staff/student behaviour change is supported by the Environmental Sustainability Manager and is seen as a key link to the University's Carbon Management Programme (e.g. to produce a forecast of carbon reductions as required by the Carbon Trust

28

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,  

E-print Network

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

Utrecht, Universiteit

29

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University  

E-print Network

exchanger and various aspects of heat transfer to and from the ground remain active areas of research Spitler PhD & Michel Bernier PhD (2011): Ground-source heat pump systems: The first century and beyond://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uhvc20 Ground-source heat pump systems: The first century and beyond Jeffrey Spitler PhD a & Michel

30

Roundtable Discussion Groups Summary Papers: Environmental BioIndicators in Coral Reef Ecosystems: The Need to Align Research, Monitoring, and Environmental Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors' Note:At the 14 International Conference on Environmental Bioindicators (14 ICEBI) held in Linthicum Heights, Maryland, USA on 24–26 April 2006, the Conference Chairs and Program Committee initiated the Roundtable Discussion Groups as a regular feature of this and future conferences. The Discussions are designed to generate focused debate around key topic areas, led by academic, government and industry experts,

Paul W. Sammarco; Pamela Hallock; Judith C. Lang; Richard S. LeGore

2007-01-01

31

ERPA: European Research Papers Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ERPA, the European Research Papers Archive, provides a common interface for searching a database of online working papers relevant to European integration. Contributors to the archive include the Robert Schuman Centre of the Academy of European Law at the European University Institute, the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, the Jean Monnet Working Papers Series at Harvard Law School, and the European Communities Studies Association-Austria. Users can select either a short form to search recent additions to the archive or a long form to either or to also access the many advanced search options, including full-text searches.

32

Author's personal copy Research paper  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Research paper Identi cation and composition of secondary meniscus calcite 2010 Editor: U. Brand Keywords: Meniscus calcite Coral Diagenesis Sr/Ca ratio EBSD AFM Biomineral secondary calcite in coral skeletons. Secondary calcite appears to have nucleated on the original aragonite

33

RESEARCH PAPER Temperature Preference During  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Temperature Preference During Forelimb Regeneration in the Red-Spotted Newt Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada Red-spotted newts, tails, jaws, spinal cords, as well as the lens of the eye. Newts are small ectotherms that are aquatic

Tattersall, Glenn

34

Research Paper on Curricular Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this research paper is on the role of teachers and the teaching strategies used in classrooms. The premise is that teachers are now realizing that they need to reach beyond traditional ways of teaching in order to assist their students in acquiring a deeper understanding of the topics being studied while developing critical thinking…

Hall, Arnita Rena

2006-01-01

35

Environmental Research Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The assignment is the development of scientific research project proposal, tailored to a specific range of course-appropriate topics and mimicked after current calls for NSF proposals in Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or Low temperature geochemistry. Project components include a one paragraph pitch, submission of a draft for peer-review, and submission of the final proposal with a response to peer comments. A final, oral or poster presentation is an optional component. This is a multi-week assignment, and typically a significant componenent of the course grade.

Colin Robins

36

Archeological/Environmental Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Landsat/Seasat remote sensing was used by Ames Research Center to evaluate environmental influence on ancient Mayan civilization. Over 35 archeological sites were imaged and valuable information concerning Maya settlement patterns, environment, and resource usage resulted. The imagery was also used by Mexican authorities to develop coastal management plans, establish Biosphere Reserves and assess damage from the 1988 Hurricane Gilbert. Imagery showed evidence of ancient coastlines, changes in sea level, an ancient river plain and Mayan canal systems. Previously unknown Mayan reservoirs were discovered. The project is considered a pioneering effort combining remote sensing, environmental studies and archeology.

1991-01-01

37

GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY  

E-print Network

#12;#12;GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY ANNUAL REPORT FY 1985 December 1985 Eugene J and Atmospheric Research Environmental Research Laboratories Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 2300 .........................Contracts and Grants 48 Front Cover: Water levels on the Great Lakes have been in a high regimefor the past

38

Position paper Characterising performance of environmental modelsq  

E-print Network

development Model evaluation Performance indicators Model testing Sensitivity analysis a b s t r a cPosition paper Characterising performance of environmental modelsq Neil D. Bennett a , Barry F of Systems and Computers, University of Florence, Italy d IRSTEA, France e Center for International Energy

39

Environmental Education Research: To What Ends?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper engages questions about ends in environmental education research. In doing so, I argue that such questions are essentially normative, and that normative questions are underrepresented in this field. After cautioning about perils of prescribing research agendas, I gently suggest that in environmental education key normative questions…

Jickling, Bob

2009-01-01

40

Environmental Education Research News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an extended abstract of the summary of a survey of environmental studies programs conducted in 1987 by Disinger and Schoenfeld. Covered are survey procedures, responses, and the status of environmental studies programs. (CW)

Schoenfeld, A. Clay; Disinger, John F.

1988-01-01

41

Why Ontology Matters to Reviewing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper responds to a keynote paper presented by William Scott at the 2007 World Environmental Education Congress held in Durban, South Africa. The keynote address reviewed 30 years of environmental education research. In this response to William Scott's paper I contemplate the way in which environmental education research may enable…

Lotz-Sisitka, Heila

2009-01-01

42

MICROBIAL ECOLOGY BIOL 4115 FALL 2014 RESEARCH PAPER GUIDLINES  

E-print Network

Bioremediation Microbial mats in extreme environments Remote sensing and microbial ecology Biological carbonMICROBIAL ECOLOGY ­ BIOL 4115 ­ FALL 2014 RESEARCH PAPER GUIDLINES Purpose: To develop and evaluate in microbial ecology. Style: Some journals (e.g., Applied and Environmental Microbiology and Environmental

Christner, Brent C.

43

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research Special Volume: Advances in Computational, the emerging research incorporating advances in computational optimization has been proven to be useful Volume of the Annals of Operations Research on Advances in Computational Optimization and Logistics

44

Fiber optics: A research paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some basic aspects concerning fiber optics are examined. Some history leading up to the development of optical fibers which are now used in the transmission of data in many areas of the world is discussed. Basic theory of the operation of fiber optics is discussed along with methods for improving performance of the optical fiber through much research and design. Splices and connectors are compared and short haul and long haul fiber optic networks are discussed. Fiber optics plays many roles in the commercial world. The use of fiber optics for communication applications is emphasized.

Drone, Melinda M.

1987-01-01

45

Basics of Research Paper Writing and Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writing and trying to publish research and its flndings is an integral part of a researcher's professional life. However, writing is not in every researcher's talent pool, and the obstacles of making reviewers accept the own submission are often nerve-wracking. This paper gives an introductory report on basic issues of writing and organizing scientiflc papers, and preparing them for submission

Michael Derntl

46

The New Guide to Writing Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper teaches college students how to use basic research skills that are needed for gathering information and writing papers in a variety of courses as well as methods used for lifelong learning, both on and off the job. The last decade of technological development has resulted in new choices in resources for research, particularly…

Callan, Stasia J.; Penwarden, Ann P.; Wendell, Carolyn

47

Educational Research Ethics: A Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational researchers should be aware of the general consensus of the research community as to what is proper and improper in the conduct of educational research, since there is as yet no explicit code of ethics. Accordingly, this paper examines existing ethical standards to initiate discussion of issues specific to the educational research…

Lafleur, Clay

48

environmental policy working papers udall center  

E-print Network

| Laura López-Hoffman | Marc L. Miller Incorporating an Ecosystem Services Approach in Environmental;#12;Incorporating an Ecosystem Services Approach | Presnall, López-Hoffman, and Miller iii Highlights ¡ We assess the potential of using an ecosystem services approach as part of the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act

Hoffman, Laura LĂłpez

49

RESEARCH PAPER Amorphous dysprosium carbonate: characterization,  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Amorphous dysprosium carbonate: characterization, stability, and crystallization earths Á Dysprosium Á Carbonate Á Crystallization Introduction The crystallization of many simple ionic

Benning, Liane G.

50

Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will use scaffolding to research and organize information for writing a research paper. A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question (problem), literature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references. Students examine informational text, use an inquiry-based approach, and practice genre-specific strategies for expository writing. Depending on the goals of the assignment, students may work collaboratively or as individuals. A student-written paper about color psychology provides an authentic model of a scaffold and the corresponding finished paper. The research paper scaffold is designed to be completed during seven or eight sessions over the course of four to six weeks.

Shannon Alicia O'Day

2012-01-01

51

The Research Paper: A Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers why the traditional research paper seems to have been part of the English curriculum forever. Provides a glimpse at what teachers in the past have done to alter its teaching and final format and provides a background against which English teachers may want to reevaluate and reinspire their own teaching of the research paper. (SG)

Moulton, Margaret R. "Cookie"; Holmes, Vicki L.

2003-01-01

52

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research Special Volume: Stochastic Methods in Reliability of Operations Research seeks submissions for a special volume on Stochastic Methods in Reliability and Risk Management dedicated to the research areas of applied probability presented at the Seventh International

Li, Haijun

53

COE589: Digital Forensics Reading Research Papers  

E-print Network

- Ahmad Almulhem 5 #12;Reading Process (Fong 2009) Comprehension ¡ understand what a paper says EvaluationCOE589: Digital Forensics Reading Research Papers Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM - Fall 2012 (T121) 1COE of Papers ¡ Reading Process ¡ Efficient Reading ­ Keshav's Approach ¡ Reading Exercise COE589 - Ahmad

Almulhem, Ahmad

54

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION ASSESSMENT FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PAPER ROLLS, INK ROLLS, INK RIBBONS, AND MAGNETIC AND THERMAL TRANSFER RIBBON  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. aste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) were established at selected un...

55

National Sunflower Association Research Forum Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Sunflower Association (NSA) offers downloadable papers presented at the annual NSA Research Forum from 2002 onwards. Available search fields include year, author, keyword (s), and categories like Bird Predation, Insects, Quality, and Weeds.

56

RESEARCH PAPER Optothermal sample preconcentration and manipulation  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Optothermal sample preconcentration and manipulation with temperature gradient provided by a digital projector as established for particle manipulation, to achieve analogous Preconcentration Á Analyte manipulation Á Microfluidics 1 Introduction Widespread application of point-of-care (POC

Bahrami, Majid

57

Reading for Pleasure: The Research Paper Reconsidered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a research paper assignment in which students choose a controversial news event reported by six to eight newspapers and arrive at a thesis by comparing the accounts. Notes that students become truly engaged with the assignment and that engagement shows itself strongly in the intelligence and life of the papers. (RS)

Kotler, Janet

1989-01-01

58

COE589: Digital Forensics Reading Research Papers  

E-print Network

shows citation counts COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem 5 #12;Reading Process (Fong 2009) Comprehension COE589 - Ahmad Almulhem 6 #12;Reading Process (Fong 2009) Comprehension: understand what a paper saysCOE589: Digital Forensics Reading Research Papers Dr. Ahmad Almulhem KFUPM - Spring 2013 (T122) 1

Almulhem, Ahmad

59

A Decade of Research on the Environmental Impacts of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents in Canada: Development and Application of Fish Bioassays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory tests have been used to assess the regulatory and research questions related to the effects of pulp mill effluents on aquatic biota. Acute, short-term laboratory tests have clearly shown the improvement in final effluent quality following installation of secondary treatment at Canadian pulp mills. In an effort to predict and investigate impacts on wild fish, laboratory bioassays were developed

Joanne L. Parrott; Mark E. McMaster; L. Mark Hewitt

2006-01-01

60

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Electricity generation and treatment of paper recycling  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Electricity generation and treatment of paper recycling wastewater production and treatment of a paper recycling plant wastewater using microbial fuel cells. Treatment batch cycle). These results demonstrate limitations to treatment efficiencies with actual wastewaters

61

USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Columbia Environmental Research Center (CERC) (first mentioned in the February 17, 1999, Scout Report for Science & Engineering) "provides leadership and scientific information for the US Geological Survey by addressing national and international environmental contaminant issues, and assessing effects of habitat alterations on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This includes large-river floodplains, coastal habitats, wetlands, and lakes." The CERC website provides summaries of a variety of research projects involving Endangered and At-Risk Species, Contaminants, Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Ecosystems, and more. The site also links to information about CERC Science Branches such as Toxicology, River Studies, Environment Chemistry, and Field Station Research. In addition, CERC offers a sizeable collection of downloadable publications, a number of online databases, and a staff directory.

62

International Journal of Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Tehran, the International Journal of Environmental Research (IJER) is "concerned with all aspects of environment." On the journal's homepage, visitors will also learn that some of the specific fields covered within the publication include natural disasters, environmental design, and risk assessment and management. The journal was started in early 2007, and the executive manager is Professor Karbassi. Currently, there are three complete issues of the journal available online, and visitors can also read about the journal's editorial board. Interested parties may also wish to read up on how they can submit their own pieces of scholarly work for consideration.

63

A decade of research on the environmental impacts of pulp and paper mill effluents in Canada: development and application of fish bioassays.  

PubMed

Laboratory tests have been used to assess the regulatory and research questions related to the effects of pulp mill effluents on aquatic biota. Acute, short-term laboratory tests have clearly shown the improvement in final effluent quality following installation of secondary treatment at Canadian pulp mills. In an effort to predict and investigate impacts on wild fish, laboratory bioassays were developed to examine sublethal endpoints: induction of hepatic mixed function oxygenase activity and reduction of sex steroid concentrations. These laboratory assays have been used to assess whole effluents, specific chemicals, and components of pulp mill processes, and to discriminate between historical and present-day effluent discharges. These tests have shown that induction of mixed-function oxygenase activity and reduction of sex steroid concentrations are produced by effluents from a variety of mill types, with and without chlorine bleaching, in hardwood and softwood pulping facilities, and before and after effluent treatment. These short-term bioassays have enabled reductions in sex steroid concentrations to be linked to mill process streams, and have provided information on effective waste stream treatment. Longer term, life-cycle fish bioassays have shown that chronic exposure to pulp mill effluents commonly results in growth enhancement, liver enlargement, and decreases in gonad size, secondary sex characteristics, and fecundity. These long-term laboratory exposures are able to mimic the most commonly observed alterations of wild fish exposed to pulp mill effluents: increases in condition factors, increases in liver-somatic indices, and decreases in gonadosomatic indices. This pattern of response is a combination of nutrient enrichment with metabolic disruption. The most sensitive and biologically meaningful endpoint is decreased reproduction in fish life-cycle exposures. As the laboratory tests move forward into the next decade, attention will focus on the reproductive endpoints and on the possibility of shortening the fish bioassays while still maintaining sensitivity and biological relevance. PMID:16723329

Parrott, Joanne L; McMaster, Mark E; Hewitt, L Mark

2006-01-01

64

VET Research for Industry. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was a keynote address at the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) conference held in Canberra in April 2012. The author notes that industry is arguably the key stakeholder in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector, but is not a single actor nor a disinterested consumer of…

Karmel, Tom

2012-01-01

65

RESEARCH PAPER Multiphysics hillslope processes triggering landslides  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Multiphysics hillslope processes triggering landslides Ronaldo I. Borja ¡ Xiaoyu Liu that was accurately predicted by our 3-D continuum model. Keywords Hillslopes Á Landslides Á Multiphysics Á Slope stability Á Unsaturated soil 1 Introduction Rainfall-induced landslides and/or debris flows threaten lives

Borja, Ronaldo I.

66

Incorporating Film into the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers face two serious difficulties when assigning research papers: (1) motivation and mental disposition; and (2) plagiarism as a by-product of the Web. In this article, the authors describe how they have addressed both these problems by strategically using appropriate motion pictures as entrees into the subject matter and as points of…

Fontenot, Michael J.; Fontenot, Karen A.

2008-01-01

67

HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) at Harvard University has scholars working on housing conditions, international policy issues, and dozens of other areas related to government. This site offers works-in-progress for scholars and others, and visitors are encouraged to search the database, view abstracts of papers, or download the complete paper. The papers found here date back to 2007, and sample titles include "Building Social Capital Through Microfinance", "Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China", and "The Dynamics of Capitalism". Visitors should also take a look at their quarterly Faculty Research Digest, which showcases recent works organized by publication title and research topic. Finally, visitors can also read the user's guide which will help them navigate the contents of the site more efficiently and effectively.

68

How to write your first research paper.  

PubMed

Writing a research manuscript is an intimidating process for many novice writers in the sciences. One of the stumbling blocks is the beginning of the process and creating the first draft. This paper presents guidelines on how to initiate the writing process and draft each section of a research manuscript. The paper discusses seven rules that allow the writer to prepare a well-structured and comprehensive manuscript for a publication submission. In addition, the author lists different strategies for successful revision. Each of those strategies represents a step in the revision process and should help the writer improve the quality of the manuscript. The paper could be considered a brief manual for publication. PMID:21966034

Kallestinova, Elena D

2011-09-01

69

7th Grade Country Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We live in a global society with people in our schools from many different countries and cultures. Many of the world's problems could be eliminated if we all had a greater understanding of each other. This project will help you learn about a specific country and it's people and culture. You will share what you've learned with your class and will learn from other classmates. You will choose a country you want to learn more about. You have learned about the Big 6 researching skills and will use those and a webquest to guide you through the research process. Then you will write a three page research paper. In addition to learning about countries and cultures, you will also develop inquiry skills that are part of the language arts core, and researching skills that are part of the Utah library media core. This is a major project and will be a large part of your grade this semester. You will be graded on: the information you gather from the webquest, how well you put the information together, the quality of your final project, and how well you share what you've learned with others. Objectives: Utah Library Media Core Standard Standard 6512-02 Students will identify, evaluate, and select resources Language Arts Core Standard Standard 3 (Inquiry/Research/Oral Presentation) Students will understand the process of seeking and giving information in written reports and oral presentations (Task Definition) Your task is to write a three page research paper on a country ...

Mathews, Ms.

2009-11-30

70

Engaging Children: Research Issues around Participation and Environmental Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we explore a number of issues arising from the papers in this special issue of "Environmental Education Research." The papers focus on current examples of childhood environment research in the UK together with research reviews from the UK, the US and Australia. In order to provide a framework for considering and contextualizing…

Hacking, Elisabeth Barratt; Barratt, Robert; Scott, William

2007-01-01

71

Population Council: Policy Research Division Working Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New abstracts from the latest Policy Research Division Working Papers have been added to the Population Council Site. Titles include: "Urbanization, unemployment and migration in Africa: Theory and Policy," "Absent and problematic men: Demographic accounts of male reproductive roles," and "Transition to adulthood of female factory workers: Some evidence from Bangladesh." Free copies of working papers are available to qualified individuals and institutions in developing countries working in the field of population, and to developing-country students enrolled in degree programs at developed-country institutions. Ordering information is available at the site.

72

PAPER PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING - OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL RELEASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents an analysis of chemicals and processes used during the production and processing of paper and paper goods with emphasis on the workplace exposure and environmental release of chemicals from these operations. Reviews of chemical substances in this report are i...

73

House of Commons Library Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK House of Commons has recently created a site that offers access to the full text of Research Papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) which are compiled for the benefit of British Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library. An occasional series focusing on topics of current parliamentary interest, the papers, "aim to be politically impartial and contain factual information as well as a range of opinions on each subject covered." Recently released titles include: "EU Enlargement: The Political Process," "EU Enlargement: The Financial Consequences," "Northern Ireland: political developments since 1972," "The local elections of 7 May 1998 and the London Referendum," and "Unemployment by Constituency: Welfare-to-work groups - April 1998."

Library., Great B.

1998-01-01

74

National Exposure Research Laboratory: Environmental Sciences Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of the Office of Research and Development's National Exposure Research Laboratory conducts research, development, and technology transfer programs on environmental exposures to ecological and human receptors." Chemists can discover ESD's methods for characterizing chemical stressors and its research and monitoring of contamination. Researchers can download various models for contaminate transport, data analysis, and environmental assessments. The website provides many online scientific articles dealing with ESD's projects including spatial interpolations, the Trace Organic Analysis, and the use of a mass spectrometer in environmental forensics.

75

Global environmental change research: empowering developing countries.  

PubMed

This paper discusses ways to reconcile the United Nations Millennium Development Goals with environmental sustainability at the national and international levels. The authors argue that development and better use of sustainability relevant knowledge is key, and that this requires capacity building globally, and especially in the less developed regions of the world. Also essential is stronger integration of high-quality knowledge creation and technology--and policy--development, including, importantly, the creation of centers of excellence in developing regions which effectively use and produce applications-directed high quality research and bring it to bear on decision making and practices related to environmental change and sustainable management of natural resources. The authors argue that Southern centers of excellence are a necessary first step for bottom-up societal transformation towards sustainability, and that such centers must help design innovative ways to assess and place value on ecosystem services. PMID:18797803

Nobre, Carlos A; Lahsen, Myanna; Ometto, Jean P H B

2008-09-01

76

ADVANCES IN MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH: PROCEEDINGS OF A SYMPOSIUM  

EPA Science Inventory

The volume is a collection of the invited papers presented on the occasion of the dedication in June, 1977 of a major addition to the EPA Environmental Research Laboratory at Narragansett, RI. Studies of the biological effects of environmental perturbations dominate the collectio...

77

Laura Lpez-Hoffman environmental policy working papers  

E-print Network

the Shared Environment of the U.S. and Mexico Laura LĂłpez-Hoffman, Ph.D.1 1 Assistant professor, SchoolLaura LĂłpez-Hoffman environmental policy working papers Transboundary Ecosystem Services A New Vision for Managing the Shared Environment of the U.S. and Mexico udall centerfor studies in public

Hoffman, Laura LĂłpez

78

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY Research Notes from NERI No. 254 RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU Research Notes from NERI No. 254 2009 MEASUREMENTS OF AIR POLLUTION Massling #12;[Blank page] #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: Research Notes from NERI No. 254 Title

79

Office of Biological and Environmental Research  

E-print Network

Sciences Fusion Energy Sciences Advanced Scientific Computing Research Nuclear Physics Biological SystemsOffice of Science Office of Biological and Environmental Research Next Generation Ecosystem, 2011 Dan Stover Mike Kuperberg #12;Department of Energy ¡ Office of Science ¡ Biological

80

Environmental research to improve food safety  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective of this work is to demonstrate in a popular form how the EMFSL experimental environmental research looks and what results are expected. The research leader Dan Shelton explains the history and purpose of the research site creation. The information about the current field research group...

81

2009 Progress Report Environmental Research Group  

E-print Network

with the department of civil and environmental engineering who wrote the proposal for Marine Debris Re- search in 2005 of Contents 3 Beachcombing Gives Marine Debris Researchers Results Marine Debris Research 4 Researchers Go and cans were the next largest offending group. Marine Debris Research began at UNH in 2006 with grants

82

Call for PapersCall for Papers Annals of Operations Research  

E-print Network

of Operations Research seeks submissions for a special volume on Stochastic Methods in Reliability and RiskCall for PapersCall for Papers Annals of Operations Research Special Volume: Stochastic Methods in Reliability and Risk Management _______________________________________________________________ The Annals

83

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research  

E-print Network

, Google Scholar, EBSCO, CSA, ProQuest, ABS Academic Journal Quality Guide, Academic OneFile, Academic Abstracts in Operations Research, Mathematical Reviews, OCLC, SCImago, STMA-Z, Summon by ProQuest. #12;Guest

84

International Research: Its Role in Environmental Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an international research laboratory to investigate environmental factors in human health. By international cooperation unnecessary duplication and waste of resources can be avoided and long-term studies can examine various world-wide environments. (JM)

Higginson, John

1970-01-01

85

78 FR 56817 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order; Referendum Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number AMS-FV-11-0069; FR-B] RIN 0581-AD21 Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information...referendum to determine whether issuance of a proposed Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research...

2013-09-16

86

Research Center ESSEC Working Paper 1323  

E-print Network

Raquel Orozco Tapia How to Define and Analyze Business Model Innovation in Service #12;HOW TO DEFINE AND ANALYZE BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION IN SERVICE Xavier PAVIE, Ph.D.1 , Eva HSU2 , Hanns Justus Tillman RĂ?DLE3 , Raquel Orozco TAPIA4 Abstract: This research deals with the process of business model innovation

Boyer, Edmond

87

CALL FOR PAPERS Annals of Operations Research  

E-print Network

tools such as value at risk ¡ Multi-criteria decision making in financial services ¡ Optimizing banking letter and a manuscript via the journal's online submission site. Manuscripts submitted after process managed by the Guest Editors and accepted papers will be published online individually, before

88

Abstracts of Research Papers 1977 AAHPER Convention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of abstracts describes papers written on the following topics: (1) Strength Physiology; (2) Learning Disabilities (motor); (3) Physiology - General; (4) Work Capacity; (5) Measurement and Recreation; (6) Biomechanics; (7) Professional Preparation (physical education); (8) Muscle Performance; (9) Sociology of Sport; (10) History of…

Sage, George H., Ed.

89

Reading Titles of Empirical Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The restricted time allocated to courses and the immediate need to read literature in English necessitates the teaching of selective reading in many English as a foreign language contexts. This paper reports on one element of an expeditious (quick, effective, efficient and selective) reading course for learners in an English for Academic Purposes…

Labassi, Tahar

2009-01-01

90

Environmental Pollution, A Guide to Current Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled from data gathered in fiscal years 1969 and 1970 by the Science Information Exchange, Smithsonian Institution, this inventory of more than 4200 federally and non-federally supported environmental research projects represents an attempt to provide a meaningful look at the shape, complexity, and direction of current and recent research

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Science Information Exchange.

91

Experience Papers Introducing Research Methods to Computer Science Honours  

E-print Network

Experience Papers Introducing Research Methods to Computer Science Honours Students Vashti Galpina research methods Honours course to increase our students' exposure to research and to help them cope better of the problems we encountered with the Honours research reports prior to the introduction of the research methods

Galpin, Vashti

92

Climate, Energy and Environmental care - experiences with International research partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with climate, energy and environmental care. What ties these three themes together is that they (a) all impact on natural resources, (b) are strongly interrelated, (c) are transboundary (meaning: do not respect political-administrative boundaries and may affect different political-administrative entities) and (e) are the subject of a growing global concern, not only for researchers but also

Pieter van der Zaag; Bekithemba Gumbo; E. R. N. Gunawardena; Edwin Rap

2008-01-01

93

10 Steps in Writing the Research Paper. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retaining the compact format of earlier editions, this updated book presents techniques and models for high school and college students to write successful research papers. After a preface and an introduction to research, the book discusses the 10 steps in writing a research paper: (1) find a subject; (2) read a general article; (3) formulate a…

Markman, Roberta H.; And Others

94

Reading a Computer Science Research Paper Philip W. L. Fong  

E-print Network

, the reading process is divided into three tasks: comprehension, evaluation and synthesis. The genre of paper with a comprehension-evaluation- synthesis structure. 1 Comprehension The first lesson to reading research papersReading a Computer Science Research Paper Philip W. L. Fong Department of Computer Science

95

The "Research Paper" Prompt: A Dialogic Opportunity for Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The treatment of a research paper as an isolated utterance within a composition classroom is problematic in that such papers may fail to encourage transfer of writing knowledge. In this essay, I argue that a research paper's failure to work as a utterance situated within a conversation--as critiqued through a framework constructed by Mikhail…

Dirk, Kerry

2012-01-01

96

Environmentally Sustainable Biofuels: Advances in Biodiesel Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to diminishing petroleum reserves and the deleterious environmental consequences of exhaust gases from fossil-based fuels,\\u000a research on renewable and environmentally friendly fuels has received a lot of impetus in recent years. With oil at high prices,\\u000a alternate renewable energy has become very attractive. Many of these are eco-friendly. Besides ethanol, other unconventional\\u000a choices are: biodiesel made from non-edible sources

Palligarnai T. Vasudevan; Boyi Fu

2010-01-01

97

Environmental Education International Contributions 1988. Proceedings from the Research Center for Environmental and Health Education No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research program of the research center for environmental and health education is to promote an awareness of the interrelationship between society and its environment. This volume contains four papers which were given at various international meetings in 1988. Reported are: (1) Danish environmental education and school initiatives…

Breiting, Soren; And Others

98

Regions and the environment: experiences of environmental research networks in southern Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses how the main environmental research networks in southern Africa have adopted a regional approach to environmental issues. Documented information is used to assess and discuss the experiences of the regional environmental research networks on the basis of four criteria: structure and functionality, productivity, impact and sustainability. It is apparent from the analysis that of the seven main

Amani Saidi; Johan Pauw

2010-01-01

99

Health and environmental research. Summary of accomplishments  

SciTech Connect

This is a short account of a 40-year-old health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Under the sponsorship of the federal agencies that were consecutively responsible for the national energy mission, this research program has contributed to the understanding of the human health and environmental effects of emergining energy technologies. In so doing, it has also evolved several nuclear techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of human ills. The form of this presentation is through examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of these areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

Not Available

1984-04-01

100

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No #12;[Tom side] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI.: NERI Technical Report No. 618 Title: Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment of hydrocarbon

101

Advice on Choosing Research Topics and Writing Technical Papers  

E-print Network

" (more important?) than others. ¡ "Hot" topics sell better (hopefully because they are needed) ­ Nano Science & Technology journal ¡ Science papers >> technology papers in number ¡ Very few "engineering need for different journals #12;Environmental Science & Technology (ES&T) ¡ Many journals now reject

102

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research Subseries  

E-print Network

Call for Papers Annals of Operations Research Subseries: Operations Research in Medicine Computing in advancing research and development related to medical and biological applications. Complexity of medical of his research effort and passion to advancing the fields of medicine and biology. Manuscripts must

103

Research papers and publications (1981-1987): Workload research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An annotated bibliography of the research reports written by participants in NASA's Workload Research Program since 1981 is presented, representing the results of theoretical and applied research conducted at Ames Research Center and at universities and industrial laboratories funded by the program. The major program elements included: 1) developing an understanding of the workload concept; 2) providing valid, reliable, and practical measures of workload; and 3) creating a computer model to predict workload. The goal is to provide workload-related design principles, measures, guidelines, and computational models. The research results are transferred to user groups by establishing close ties with manufacturers, civil and military operators of aerospace systems, and regulatory agencies; publishing scientific articles; participating in and sponsoring workshops and symposia; providing information, guidelines, and computer models; and contributing to the formulation of standards. In addition, the methods and theories developed have been applied to specific operational and design problems at the request of a number of industry and government agencies.

Hart, Sandra G. (compiler)

1987-01-01

104

Environmental practices for biomedical research facilities.  

PubMed Central

As a result of the Leadership Conference on Biomedical Research and the Environment, the Facilities Committee focused its work on the development of best environmental practices at biomedical research facilities at the university and independent research facility level as well as consideration of potential involvement of for-profit companies and government agencies. The designation "facilities" includes all related buildings and grounds, "green auditing" of buildings and programs, purchasing of furnishings and sources, energy efficiency, and engineering services (lighting, heating, air conditioning), among other activities. The committee made a number of recommendations, including development of a national council for environmental stewardship in biomedical research, development of a system of green auditing of such research facilities, and creation of programs for sustainable building and use. In addition, the committee recommended extension of education and training programs for environmental stewardship, in cooperation with facilities managers, for all research administrators and researchers. These programs would focus especially on graduate fellows and other students, as well as on science labs at levels K--12. PMID:11121360

Medlin, E L; Grupenhoff, J T

2000-01-01

105

Atmospheric, climatic and environmental research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted during the past year in the climate and atmospheric modeling programs was focused on the development of appropriate atmospheric and upper ocean models, and preliminary applications of these models. Prinicpal models are a one-dimensional radiative-convection model, a three-dimensional global climate model, and an upper ocean model. Principal application is the study of the impact of CO2, aerosols and the solar constant on climate. Also the performance of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud detection algorithm was evaluated, concentrating initially on its application to geosynchronous data, with an eventual switch of the developed methodologies to data from polar orbiting satellites. In the process, a number of improvements were made, in particular: an improved technique for tracking small scale day to day variability in clear sky continental temperatures; a number of techniques for the statistical assessment of cloud detection uncertainties due to cloud types which are spatially and temporally invariant; and a method used to detect those cloudy regions which have long term spatial and temporal stability.

Broecker, W. S.; Fung, I.

1986-01-01

106

[Epidemiological research on children's environmental health].  

PubMed

In accordance with the Declaration of the Environment Leaders of the Eight on Children's Environmental Health (Miami Declaration) in 1997, the Japanese government (the Ministry of Environment, Japan) organized a commission tasked to discuss issues related to the present situation of the environmental health of children (Advisory Commission for Children's Environmental Health). Epidemiological research on children's environmental health has been recommended as one of the priority projects by the commission because the effects of environmental factors on children's health are clarified by only studies using children as subjects, particularly, a birth cohort study, and not by animal experiments. The Advisory Committee of Epidemiological Research on Children's Environmental Health was established in 2007 and decided to start a nationwide birth cohort study following up children from pregnancy to 12 years old. Under the Advisory Committee, a working group composed of scientific experts, including epidemiologists, toxicologists, obstetricians, orthopedists, and statisticians, was organized in 2008. Pilot studies are going to be conducted in several areas in Japan with the support of the working group. Study hypotheses will also be decided by the working group soon. The full-scale survey will start in 2010. PMID:19797846

Hasegawa, Manabu; Tsukamoto, Naoya

2009-09-01

107

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 793 2010 Gas emissions 2009 to 2030 neri technical report no. 793 2010 ole-Kenneth nielsen morten Winther mette title and no.: NERI Technical Report no. 792 Title: Projection of Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2009 to 2030

108

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 752 2010 NERI Technical Report no. 752 2010 #12;2 'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 752 - Denmark URL: http://www.neri.dk Year of publication: June 2010 Referee: Peter WĂĽhlin Technical support

109

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 724 2009 INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU NERI Technical Report no. 724 2009 DENMARK'S NATIONAL INVENTORY REPORT 2009 page] #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 724 Title: Denmark's National

110

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 776 2010 GyldenkĂŚrne Patrik Fauser Marlene S. Plejdrup Rikke Albrektsen Katja Hjelgaard NERI Technical Report no. 774 of the protocols to year 2008 #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 776 Title: Annual

111

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 716 2009 NERI Technical Report no. 716 2009 ANNUAL DANISH INFORMATIVE INVENTORY REPORT TO UNECE Emission Katja Hjelgaard #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 716 Title: Annual Danish

112

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 754 2009 TO 2007 Erik Lyck Malene Nielsen Ole-Kenneth Nielsen Morten Winther Leif Hoffmann Marianne Thomsen NERI Technical Report no. 754 2009 #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 754 Title

113

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 777 2010 Helge Rørdam Olesen Rossana Bossi Jesper StubkjÌr NERI Technical Report no. 777 2010 AIR POLLUTION f VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 777 Title: Air pollution from residential wood

114

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

AU NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY NERI Technical Report no. 780 2010 INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY Morten Winther Erik Slentø NERI Technical Report no. 780 2010 HEAVY METAL EMISSIONS fOR DANISH ROAD TRANSpORT #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 780 Title

115

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

116

Prove Your Case: A New Approach to Teaching Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a new approach to teaching the process of writing research papers to college freshmen. Instructors explain the analogy that a student writing a research paper is like a lawyer defending a court case: lawyers frame their case (as students define their topic), search out evidence (as students search for sources), present the…

Broskoske, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

117

Undergraduate research semester internship fall 1999 abstracts and research papers  

SciTech Connect

The Undergraduate Research Semester (URS) program provides a unique and challenging off-campus research opportunity for upper-division university undergraduate and pre-grad-school students in science, mathematics, and engineering. This internship program is a partnership between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories (New Mexico and California), and Los Alamos National Laboratory, to provide 75+ (annually) science and engineering undergraduates a rich research experience in this collaborative program. The URS project supports the DP mission through ensuring a scientifically and technically literate citizenry, and contributes to the development of a highly skilled, diverse scientific workforce, with experience, exposure and increased awareness and support for the DP science/technology and Science Based Stockpile Stewardship.

Brown, S; Capaldi, L; Garcia, M A; Kahn, S S; Monbleau, D N; Nault, D; Nicks, N; Ho, M; Tran, N L

1999-12-01

118

Scholarly Paper Recommendation via User's Recent Research Interests  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the effect of modeling a researcher's past works in recommending scholarly papers to the researcher. Our hypothesis is that an author's published works constitute a clean signal of the latent interests of a researcher. A key part of our model is to en- hance the profile derived directly from past works with information coming from the past works'

Kazunari Sugiyama; Min-Yen Kan

2010-01-01

119

Workshop on environmental research for actinide elements  

SciTech Connect

The discussions in this fifth workshop were directed to the advances which have been made in the environmental chemistry of plutonium and to the feasibility and worth of developing environmental transport models which might serve as predictive tools for long term behavior and as guides for future research needs. Two plutonium models of the soil/plant pathway were presented for critique and as examples of possible approaches. Reports of the following four panels are presented in this proceedings: model development; marine; terrestrial and freshwater/groundwater.

Watters, R.L. (ed.)

1981-09-01

120

Environmental Education and Training in Brazil. Discussion Paper No. 84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazilian environmental education and training experience is recent but has a concrete base of generating awareness among all levels of the population and also aims to train people to protect, control and manage the use of environmental resources. Several visits were made by the author to organizations, enterprises and institutions from federal,…

Bruan, Ricardo

121

ORIGINAL PAPER Environmental, social, morphological, and behavioral constraints  

E-print Network

, are much less well understood. Using a long-term study on yellow-bellied marmots (Marmota flaviventris), we environmental constraints when studying multiple paternity. Keywords Marmota flaviventris . Yellow

Blumstein, Daniel T.

122

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

fOR STATIONARY COMbUSTION PLANTS Inventories until year 2007 NERI Technical Report no. 744 2009 #12;[Blank pageNvENtOriEs fOr statiONary COMbustiON PlaNts NEri technical report no. 744 2009 NatiONal ENvirONMENtal rEsEarCH iNstitutE aarHus uNivErsity #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 744 Title: Danish

123

Geographic information systems: their use in environmental epidemiologic research.  

PubMed Central

Advances in geographic information system (GIS) technology, developed by geographers, provide new opportunities for environmental epidemiologists to study associations between environmental exposures and the spatial distribution of disease. A GIS is a powerful computer mapping and analysis technology capable of integrating large quantities of geographic (spatial) data as well as linking geographic with nongeographic data (e.g., demographic information, environmental exposure levels). In this paper we provide an overview of some of the capabilities and limitations of GIS technology; we illustrate, through practical examples, the use of several functions of a GIS including automated address matching, distance functions, buffer analysis, spatial query, and polygon overlay; we discuss methods and limitations of address geocoding, often central to the use of a GIS in environmental epidemiologic research; and we suggest ways to facilitate its use in future studies. Collaborative efforts between epidemiologists, biostatisticians, environmental scientists, GIS specialists, and medical geographers are needed to realize the full potential of GIS technology in environmental health research and may lead to innovative solutions to complex questions. Images p598-a Figure 2. Figure 3. A Figure 3. B Figure 3. C Figure 3. D Figure 3. E PMID:9288494

Vine, M F; Degnan, D; Hanchette, C

1997-01-01

124

76 FR 8357 - Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Biological and Environmental...Committee AGENCY: Department of Energy; Office of Science. ACTION...Officer, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental...Environmental Research Long-Term Vision Response Joint Genome...

2011-02-14

125

NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) works with a range of public sector and industry partners to "conduct innovative research on the dynamic environments and ecosystems of the Great Lakes" in order to produce information for resource use and management decisions. From its homepage, visitors can explore the CoastWatch program which includes large data sets about the Great Lakes, sophisticated images, and contour maps. Moving on, the Publications area contains annual reports, fact sheets, poster presentations, and more. The site is rounded out by a host of photo galleries and web cams placed in various locations, including Muskegon, Alpena, and Michigan City.

126

Research from the research utilization project: environmental temperatures.  

PubMed

Thermoregulation is one of the most common concerns for neonatal nurses. The literature contains limited information regarding the effects of environmental temperature during the transitioning process from the incubator to the crib for the premature infant weighing 1,500-1,800 g. The type and amount of insulation while in the incubator and open crib and the effects of the cooler environmental temperature may influence the success of the weaning process from the incubator. As an adjunct to the Transition of the Preterm Infant to an Open Crib Research Utilization Project, sponsored by the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), nurses collected data regarding environmental temperatures at 6 of the 10 project sites. The average correlation of infant's temperature to environmental temperature once the infant was out of the incubator for a weaning period was 0.09. In one-third of the cases, the environmental temperature never varied; however, in the rest of the infants, mean infant temperatures during weaning stayed constant, with little variance. There appears to be no association between neonatal intensive-care unit environmental temperature and infant's temperature during the weaning process when nurses followed a specific protocol of layering the infant with blankets. PMID:8057188

Gelhar, D K; Miserendino, C A; O'Sullivan, P L; Vessey, J A

1994-05-01

127

Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical Research Call for papers  

E-print Network

that present cutting edge research - from various academic disciplines, such as theology, religious studies, and in relation to concrete social, cultural and political issues. Submission and process We are seeking papers

Utrecht, Universiteit

128

RESEARCH PAPER Design sensitivity and reliability-based structural  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Design sensitivity and reliability-based structural optimization by univariate univariate decompo- sition method for design sensitivity analysis and reliability- based design optimization univariate approximation of a general multivariate function in the rotated Gaussian space for reliability

Rahman, Sharif

129

RESEARCH PAPER Contribution of omega-3 fatty acid desaturase and  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Contribution of omega-3 fatty acid desaturase and 3-ketoacyl-ACP synthase II (KASII: Cold acclimation, fatty acid, freezing resistance, linoleic acid, low temperature, omega-3 fatty acid

Palva, Tapio

130

RESEARCH PAPER Effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on polyvinyl alcohol  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on polyvinyl alcohol: interfacial layer and bulk:1 and 14 nm for 50:1). The presence of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) limits the particle growth (15 nm for 20

Guo, John Zhanhu

131

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Estuary hydrogeomorphology affects carbon sources  

E-print Network

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Estuary hydrogeomorphology affects carbon sources supporting aquatic The relative importance of carbon sources supporting aquatic food webs within and among estuaries may to examine (1) the relative importance of carbon sources supporting estuarine consumers among estuaries

Hoeinghaus, David J.

132

RESEARCH PAPERS Acta Cryst. (1995). D51,859-870  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPERS Acta Cryst. (1995). D51,859-870 Laue Diffraction Studies of Human Rhinovirus 14 crystals of human rhinovirus 14 (HRV14) with and without bound antiviral compounds. In optimal condi- tions

Rossmann, Michael G.

133

SERS internship Fall 1992--Spring 1993: Abstract and research papers  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the abstracts and research papers by students on a variety of topics in engineering, genetics, solid state physics, thermonuclear energy, astrophysics, and other science related topics.

Not Available

1993-08-05

134

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 47th Annual meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was produced by the ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education in cooperation with the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) to provide abstracts of most of the papers presented at the NARST annual conference in Chicago, Illinois, on April 15-18, 1974. The…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

135

Research papers Distribution and relative abundance of humpback whales in relation to  

E-print Network

Research papers Distribution and relative abundance of humpback whales in relation to environmental 2012 Accepted 28 January 2012 Available online 7 February 2012 Keywords: Humpback whale Distribution­habitat relationships. We investigated the distribution and relative abundance of humpback whales in relation

136

The application of geographic information science to environmental research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information Science (GISci) in general, and land cover mapping in particular are important components of many environmental studies including, but not limited to, animal habitat modeling, biogeography, conservation biology, biogeochemistry, hydrologic modeling and global change studies. This dissertation explores methods for integrating remotely sensed satellite imagery, GPS (Global Positioning System) and environmental data to create regional land cover maps and their application to environmental questions. Specifically, a statewide land cover map of Wyoming created for the Wyoming Gap Analysis Program is described and used to explore biogeographic boundaries in the state. A detailed map of Costa Rica is created by integrating remotely sensed data with other geospatial information for predicting gas flux from tropical soils. A map of dominant deciduous tree species is developed using multitemporal Landsat TM data and other information in the Catskills of New York to explore biogeochemical controls on water quality. An experiment exploring the relationship between sampling effort and sample size highlights issues associated with assessing the thematic accuracy of large area maps. All of these studies demonstrate the strengths of GISci for supporting environmental research while also revealing fundamental limitations of spectral data for mapping, especially in large map domains. These fundamental limitations are discussed, including spectral ambiguity and issues associated with modeling land cover when environmental envelopes of classes overlap or when the legacy of past land use obscures environmental relationships. Together, the papers included in this dissertation represent an exploration of the application of land cover data to environmental questions.

Driese, Kenneth L.

137

Writing Research Papers. A Norton Guide. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to take students on a guided tour of entire research projects, from developing interests and focusing ideas to producing finished papers, through the experiences of five students, this book also provides exhaustive coverage of research mechanics. Checklists throughout the book (and indexed inside the front cover) allow students to review…

Walker, Melissa

138

Teaching the Research Paper through Inquiry-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The freshman research paper can be a labor for both the teacher and the student with its many layers of skills and expectations. While academia has moved beyond note cards and simplified documentation models, students continue to get lost in the research process, often to the point that instructors may even wonder if they had been teaching in an…

Zeek, Sara

2011-01-01

139

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark NERI Technical Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 604, 2006 Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 604 Title: Annual Danish Emission Inventory Report

140

Participation Research. Canberra Papers in Continuing Education, New Series 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains five studies of participation in adult education. The first paper, "Participation in Organised Adult Education: A Review of the Literature" by R. J. Sumner, examines a selection of studies conducted in England, the United States, and Australia. Chris Duke's paper which is entitled "Participation Research," discusses…

Duke, Chris, Ed.

141

TIPS FOR WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER A. Grading  

E-print Network

's computers. Although GALILEO and other search engines are a good place to start, the indexing of articlesTIPS FOR WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER A. Grading: 1. Term papers: Your grade will be based on old textbooks in the library is not going to work. Nor will doing a search with the library

Loughry, Jim

142

Energy development: The environmental tradeoffs. Volume 4: Background papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background information directly relevant to the analysis of environmental tradeoffs among the different measures to increase U.S. energy supply is presented. Subject areas covered include: Technological Overview; Social Impacts of Energy Development in a Rural Area: A Case Example of Western Coal Development; Water Availability and Consumption for Energy; Water Pollution Potential of Energy Conversion Processes; and Air Pollution Impacts

M. D. Levine; R. V. Steele; I. W. Yabroff

1975-01-01

143

PROCEEDINGS OF CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY SENSORS (2ND) HELD AT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER, LAS VEGAS, NEVADA ON OCTOBER 10-11, 1973  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains the papers presented at the Second Conference on Environmental Quality Sensors, held at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Environmental Research Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, on October 10 and 11, 1973. The papers covered such topics as: aircra...

144

Tales from Camp Wilde: Queer(y)ing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper questions the relative silence of queer theory and theorizing in environmental education research. We explore some possibilities for queering environmental education research by fabricating (and inviting colleagues to fabricate) stories of Camp Wilde, a fictional location that helps us to expose the facticity of the field's…

Gough, Noel; Gough, Annette

2003-01-01

145

Issues for Environmental Education and ESD Research Development: Looking Ahead from WEEC 2007 in Durban  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can we avoid inheriting serious issues from research related to environmental education when the researcher community is addressing education for sustainable development? This paper identifies and discusses three main issues: if an explicit and coherent concept of environmental education or education for sustainable development is missing; if the…

Breiting, Soren

2009-01-01

146

Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group  

E-print Network

Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group Creating a Topographic Index and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group ¡ Topographic Index maps are grids derived from digital in GWLF, SWAT. #12;Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group ¡ Topographic

Walter, M.Todd

147

Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Missouri, the Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems (CARES) is committed to integrating "the social, physical, and biological sciences to better understand human, natural resource, and environmental issues and problems." Along with their scientific mission, CARES also features a strong community outreach component, and visitors can use the "Map Room" to create their own customized economic, demographic, physical, or cultural maps of Missouri. This area also contains a series of interactive maps of the state. In the "Projects" area, visitors can learn about the Center's recent work, such as projects dealing with the ecological economic impacts of landscape change across Montana and the uses of an integrated resource management system. Also, visitors won't want to miss the "Community Issues Management" area. Here visitors can learn about the ways in which this system allows local governments and organizations to take advantage of spatial data in order to deliver a wide range of services.

148

ORIGINAL PAPER Plant genotypic diversity and environmental stress interact  

E-print Network

(Populus tremuloides Michx.). We found that varying plant geno- typic diversity and watering treatment Populus tremuloides Introduction With growing concerns about species extinctions, many researchers have

Pfrender, Michael

149

Publishing And Refereeing Papers In Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the 2007 Physics Education Research Conference, a workshop on publishing and refereeing was held with a panel of editors from four different publishing venues: the physics education research section of the American Journal of Physics, the Journal of the Learning Sciences, Physical Review Special TopicsâPhysics Education Research, and the Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings. These editors answered questions from participants regarding publishing in their respective venues, as well as writing referee reports that would be useful to both journal editors and authors. This paper summarizes the discussion.

Hsu, Leonardo; Beichner, Robert J.; Cummings, Karen; Kolodner, Janet L.; Mccullough, Laura

2009-05-26

150

An Environmental Ethical Conceptual Framework for Research on Sustainability and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that environmental ethics can have great relevance for environmental ethical content analyses in environmental education and education for sustainable development research. It is based on a critique that existing educational research does not reflect the variety of environmental ethical theories. Accordingly, we suggest an…

Kronlid, David O.; Ohman, Johan

2013-01-01

151

A white paper: NASA virtual environment research, applications, and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research support for Virtual Environment technology development has been a part of NASA's human factors research program since 1985. Under the auspices of the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology (OAST), initial funding was provided to the Aerospace Human Factors Research Division, Ames Research Center, which resulted in the origination of this technology. Since 1985, other Centers have begun using and developing this technology. At each research and space flight center, NASA missions have been major drivers of the technology. This White Paper was the joint effort of all the Centers which have been involved in the development of technology and its applications to their unique missions. Appendix A is the list of those who have worked to prepare the document, directed by Dr. Cynthia H. Null, Ames Research Center, and Dr. James P. Jenkins, NASA Headquarters. This White Paper describes the technology and its applications in NASA Centers (Chapters 1, 2 and 3), the potential roles it can take in NASA (Chapters 4 and 5), and a roadmap of the next 5 years (FY 1994-1998). The audience for this White Paper consists of managers, engineers, scientists and the general public with an interest in Virtual Environment technology. Those who read the paper will determine whether this roadmap, or others, are to be followed.

Null, Cynthia H. (editor); Jenkins, James P. (editor)

1993-01-01

152

Initial robotics research for environmental restoration and waste management  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the initial research and development activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) that will support the technology development component of the overall National Robotics Technology Development Program (NRTDP). The NRTDP is a subelement of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ER and WM) 5-Year Applied Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation Plan and of overall efforts at DOE operational sites around the country. ORNL research will focus on fundamental improvement of remote manipulation through enhancements of the human man/machine interface, integration of automated functions, and the incorporation of machine intelligence to increase productivity. Background and goals for these activities are presented in this paper.

Hamel, W.R.; Mann, R.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-06-01

153

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for

Andrea Gazzinelli; Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira; Guo-Jing Yang; Boakye A. Boatin; Helmut Kloos

2012-01-01

154

Siderophores in environmental research: roles and applications  

PubMed Central

Siderophores are organic compounds with low molecular masses that are produced by microorganisms and plants growing under low iron conditions. The primary function of these compounds is to chelate the ferric iron [Fe(III)] from different terrestrial and aquatic habitats and thereby make it available for microbial and plant cells. Siderophores have received much attention in recent years because of their potential roles and applications in various areas of environmental research. Their significance in these applications is because siderophores have the ability to bind a variety of metals in addition to iron, and they have a wide range of chemical structures and specific properties. For instance, siderophores function as biocontrols, biosensors, and bioremediation and chelation agents, in addition to their important role in weathering soil minerals and enhancing plant growth. The aim of this literature review is to outline and discuss the important roles and functions of siderophores in different environmental habitats and emphasize the significant roles that these small organic molecules could play in applied environmental processes. PMID:24576157

Ahmed, E; Holmström, S J M

2014-01-01

155

Environmental training research project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Santa Fe Community College serves an area including the city and county of Santa Fe. The population has a high percentage of Hispanics and a Native American population of about 3%. The student body at the college generally reflects that of the service district. The college strives to recruit students from all segments of the population so there is representation among all ethnic and economic groups. The college strives to serve students and the community by offering educational opportunities that meet the needs of both elements and which will lead to gainful employment. Instruction is also offered to meets needs for retraining, upgrades, and personal enlightenment. The college started a hazardous materials management program in the fall of 1991 which has since been renamed environmental management. The purpose of this program is to prepare students for environmental careers, to provide required training such as OSHA HAZWOPER and refresher courses, and to provide educational opportunities that would make the public more environmentally aware. The program content needs to be studied to ensure we`re meeting the needs of the students and the business community. There had not been a significant opportunity to conduct this research.

NONE

1996-04-01

156

Siderophores in environmental research: roles and applications.  

PubMed

Siderophores are organic compounds with low molecular masses that are produced by microorganisms and plants growing under low iron conditions. The primary function of these compounds is to chelate the ferric iron [Fe(III)] from different terrestrial and aquatic habitats and thereby make it available for microbial and plant cells. Siderophores have received much attention in recent years because of their potential roles and applications in various areas of environmental research. Their significance in these applications is because siderophores have the ability to bind a variety of metals in addition to iron, and they have a wide range of chemical structures and specific properties. For instance, siderophores function as biocontrols, biosensors, and bioremediation and chelation agents, in addition to their important role in weathering soil minerals and enhancing plant growth. The aim of this literature review is to outline and discuss the important roles and functions of siderophores in different environmental habitats and emphasize the significant roles that these small organic molecules could play in applied environmental processes. PMID:24576157

Ahmed, E; Holmström, S J M

2014-05-01

157

Oil shale: potential environmental impacts and control technology. Environmental research brief  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory in Cincinnati, Ohio (IERL-Ci) has performed research related to oil shale processing and disposal since 1973. This research is in support of the Clean Air Act, The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Toxic Substances Control Act. Potential environmental

E. R. Bates; W. W. Liberick; J. Burckle

1984-01-01

158

HUMAN HEALTH RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION PLAN, NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL), as part of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Research and Development (ORD), is responsible for conducting research to improve the risk assessment of chemicals for potential effects ...

159

Center for Research in Security Prices Working Paper Series  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) was founded in 1960 by James H. Lorie and Lawrence Fisher, Professors at the University of Chicago, Graduate School of Business to "advance research in operations of security markets." CRSP compiles standard and derived security data concerning the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ stock markets, and maintains a list of current staff working papers for academic and commercial use [.pdf]. At present, thirty papers cover topics of market efficiency, stock diversification, and bank deregulation among others. A bibliography of reprints locates other titles in publications such as The Journal of Monetary Economics and The Journal of Finance.

1998-01-01

160

Complexity and interdisciplinary approaches to environmental research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The launch of volume 8 of Environmental Research Letters (ERL) comes at a critical time in terms of innovations and exciting areas of science, but particularly in the areas linking environmental research and action. The most recent climate change Conference of the Parties meeting (COP), in Doha in December 2012, has now come and gone. As has been dissected in the press, very little was accomplished. Some will see this as a failure, as I do, and others will reasonably enough note that this meeting, the 18th such COP was1 never intended to be a milestone moment. The current plan, in fact, is for a 'post-Kyoto' international climate agreement to be adopted only at the COP20 summit in December 2015. As we lead up to COP20, and potentially other regional or national approaches to climate protection, innovations in science, innovations in policy tools, and political commitment must come together. The science of climate change only continues to get clearer and clearer, and bleaker [1]. Later this year the IPCC will release its Fifth Assessment Report, AR5. The draft versions are out for review now. ERL has published a number of papers on climate change science, mitigation and adaptation, but one area where the world needs a particular focus is on the nexus of science and action. A summary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's findings from the first assessment report (FAR; 1990) to the latest report is presented in figure 1. This graphic is specifically not about the scientific record alone. What is most important about this figure is the juxtaposition of the language of science and the language of ... language. Figure 1. Figure 1. A superposition of the state of climate science in three key data sets, and the dates of the first, second, third and fourth assessment reports (FAR, SAR, TAR, and AR4, respectively) plotted as vertical lines. On the right are the key statements from each of these reports, along with the conclusion of the Special Report on Renewable Energy (SRREN, completed in 2011) which found that up to an 80% decarbonization of the global economy was possible if we can enable and launch a large-scale transition to a clean energy system consistent with what a number of 'leading edge' cities, regions, and nations have already accomplished or started. Note, in particular, that as the physical climate change metrics have progressed, the words—shown on the right—have also progressed. In 1990, at the time of the FAR the strongest scientific consensus statement was that another decade of data would likely be needed to clearly observe climate change. Through the second to fourth (SAR, TAR, and AR4) reports, increasing clarity on the science of climate change translated into a consensus of overwhelming blame on human activities. The key statements from each report are not only about the growing evidence for anthropogenically driven climate change, but they have moved into the ecological and social impacts of this change. AR4 critically concluded that climate change would lead to climate injustice as the poor, globally, bear the brunt of the impacts. Despite this 'Rosetta Stone' translating science to language, we have failed to act collectively. One area where ERL can advance the overall conversation is on this science/action interface. As AR5 emerges, the climate change/climate response interface will need deep, substantive, action that responds rapidly to new ideas and opportunities. The rapid publication and open access features of ERL are particularly critical here as events a such as Hurricane Sandy, economic or political advances in climate response made by cities, regions or nations, all warrant assessment and response. This is one of many areas where ERL has been at the forefront of the conversation, through not only research letters, but also commentary-style Perspective pieces and the conversation that ERL's sister community website environmentalresearchweb can facilitate. This process of translating proposed solutions—innovations—between interest groups, has been in far too short supply rece

Kammen, Daniel M.

2013-03-01

161

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2010-07-01

162

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2011-07-01

163

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

... Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2014-07-01

164

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

Notes from NERI No. 223 #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the protocols to year 2003 Research Notes from NERI No. 223 2005 Jytte Boll Illerup Malene Nielsen Morten Analysis Serial title and no.: Research Notes from NERI No. 223 Publisher: National Environmental Research

165

77 FR 40353 - Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2985-008 Massachusetts] Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc; Notice of Availability of Environmental...No. 486, 52 FR 47897), Commission staff has reviewed the Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.'s application for surrender of...

2012-07-09

166

A Brief History Of Publishing Papers On Astronomy Education Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While some research had been done on K-12 and planetarium astronomy teaching from the 1930's to the 1980's, the growth of research on college physics education offered astronomy education researchers a model for examining techniques for teaching introductory college astronomy survey "Astronomy 101" courses as well. This early research was published in widely scattered journals and rarely reached the practitioners of astronomy education. The need to inform and unite the community of astronomy educators led to the birth of the journal "Astronomy Education Review," whose history and sudden death is analyzed. This paper provides a short history of publishing astronomy education research results and provides context for the advent of the new ³Journal of Astronomy & Earth Sciences Education² (JAESE).

Fraknoi, Andrew

2014-12-01

167

Marine and Aquatic Education. Environmental Education Occasional Paper No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed primarily for educators, this paper focuses on the importance of water in the daily life of all living creatures and on the role marine and aquatic education plays in helping individuals understand this concept. Section one discusses the limitations of water, human impact on the global water system, and the need to protect it. Section two…

Cantrell, Diane

168

RESEARCH PAPER Enhanced-throughput production of polymersomes  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Enhanced-throughput production of polymersomes using a parallelized capillary device. Double-emulsion drops are transformed to polymersomes through a dewetting of the amphiphile of the oil drop. Therefore, we can make polymersomes with a production rate enhanced by a factor given

169

RESEARCH PAPER Surgical implantation techniques for electronic tags in fish  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Surgical implantation techniques for electronic tags in fish Glenn N. Wagner Intracoelomic implantation of transmit- ters into fish requires making a surgical incision, incision closure, and other surgery related techniques; however, the tools and techniques used in the surgical process vary

Cooke, Steven J.

170

Writing an Original Research Paper Involves an Ability to Perform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help underprepared students entering college in an open admissions program learn to write original research papers, a method was devised which relates the students' experiences in the nonacademic world to their academic assignments. Students first visit a local business, store, or institution with which they are familiar and write an…

Soll, Lila

171

RESEARCH PAPER Nanosized cancer cell-targeted polymeric immunomicelles  

E-print Network

)-assisted hyperthermia anti-cancer (Ito et al. 2006; Johannsen et al. 2006; Fortin et al. 2007; Jin et al. 2008RESEARCH PAPER Nanosized cancer cell-targeted polymeric immunomicelles loaded the targeting capabil- ity of these micelles, their surface was modified with the cancer cell-specific anti

Sridhar, Srinivas

172

RESEARCH PAPER The first fossil record of Polyrhachis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER The first fossil record of Polyrhachis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) from taxon represents the first occurrence of the genus in the fossil record. The origin and rise of one Á Polyrhachis Á New species Á Miocene Á Fossil ant Kurzfassung Aus dem Obermioza¨n von Kreta (Grie

Villemant, Claire

173

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper  

E-print Network

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper What is Reactive Power? Peter W-Champaign September 16, 2003 Engineering talk Reactive power is a quantity that is normally only defined time). In that sense, these are pulsating quantities. Because of this, the power being transmitted down

174

RESEARCH PAPER Maize ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) with  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Maize ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) with distinct expression patterns have species. The maize RIP is unusual among the plant RIPs because it is synthesized as an inactive precursor (also known as maize proRIP1 or b-32). The proenzyme undergoes proteolytic activation that results

Bass, Hank W.

175

Research Paper High-throughput phenotyping technology for maize roots  

E-print Network

Research Paper High-throughput phenotyping technology for maize roots T.E. Grift a, *, J. Novais b-throughput measurement techniques allowing acquisition of phenotypical data describing maize roots. One of a maize root maize inbreds B73 and CML333. B73 and CML333 are known to have different root characteristics

176

Research paper Fast cochlear amplification with slow outer hair cells  

E-print Network

Research paper Fast cochlear amplification with slow outer hair cells Timothy K. Lu a,b , Serhii hair cells (OHCs) produce mechanical amplification over the entire audio-frequency range (up to 100 k reserved. Keywords: Cochlear amplifier; Outer hair cell; Receptor potential; Membrane time constant low

Sarpeshkar, Rahul

177

RESEARCH PAPER Plantpollinator interactions in a Mexican Acacia community  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Plant­pollinator interactions in a Mexican Acacia community Nigel E. Raine � Alice transfer (HPT) in a community of four Acacia species in a highly seasonal tropical habitat in Mexico species (Acacia macracantha and Acacia an- gustissima) shared multiple flower visitors, raising

Chittka, Lars

178

RESEARCH PAPER Ethical and welfare considerations when using cephalopods  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Ethical and welfare considerations when using cephalopods as experimental animals N as a result of the experiment. Keywords Animal welfare Á Animal ethics Á Capture Á Cephalopods Á Cuttlefish Á+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract When using cephalopods as experimental animals, a number of factors, including

McFall-Ngai, Margaret

179

Miscellaneous Papers Presented at the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 8 papers from the Seventeenth Annual Telecommunications Policy Research Conference includes: (1) "The Measurement, Evaluation, and Encouragement of Telephone Service Quality" (S. Berg and J. Lynch, Jr.); (2) "Impacts of Deregulation and Competition on the PBX/Centrex Market" (H. Ware); (3) "The Quasi-Public Network: Issues of…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

180

RESEARCH PAPER Modelling the Human Immune System by Combining  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Modelling the Human Immune System by Combining Bioinformatics and Systems Biology of a microbe the immune system will react, the so-called epitopes. Many predicted epitopes have later been of immune system-related diseases where both timing and genomic information are of importance. Key words

Utrecht, Universiteit

181

Research papers Does hyperaccumulated nickel affect leaf decomposition?  

E-print Network

Research papers Does hyperaccumulated nickel affect leaf decomposition? A field test using Senecio and the other a non-hyper- accumulator population. Our main goal was to determine if leaf Ni status (hyperaccumulator or non-hyperaccu- mulator) affected leaf decomposition rate on serpentine sites. We also used

Boyd, Robert S.

182

Increasing Knowledge -- How to Read a Research Paper  

MedlinePLUS

... is the study of how living things function. Human bodies are composed of smaller living systems that have unique life cycles. Disease has a life cycle also and how that cycle plays out in the human system is the subject of many research papers. ...

183

Research paper A vision-based system for inspecting painted  

E-print Network

Research paper A vision-based system for inspecting painted slates Ovidiu Ghita, Tim Carew and Paul the visual defects on painted slates. Design/methodology/approach ­ The vision system that has been developed indicates that automating the inspection of painted slates can be achieved and installation in a factory

Whelan, Paul F.

184

DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erg309 RESEARCH PAPER  

E-print Network

of a long-term loss of photosynthetic capacity was tested by ana- lysing photosynthesis in Trifolium repensDOI: 10.1093/jxb/erg309 RESEARCH PAPER Variation in acclimation of photosynthesis in Trifolium repens after eight years of exposure to Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) Elizabeth A. Ainsworth1 , Alistair

Rogers, Alistair

185

Just the FAQs: An Alternative to Teaching the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing the form of the traditional research paper often results in a greater emphasis on inquiry or FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). An alternative form of presentation that capitalizes on available technology and requires students to develop their thinking, reading, writing and presentation skills is presented.

Strickland, James

2004-01-01

186

Creating a Knowledge Base of Biological Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

develop will be applicable to other branches of molecular biology. We are focusing on the Materials and Methods sections of these papers, as being both typical of texts in experimental biology and sufficiently narrow and patterned to be amenable to knowledge engineering techniques. Intelligent text-oriented tools for representing and searching the biological research literature are being developed, which combine object-oriented

Carole D. Hafner; Kenneth Baclawski; Robert P. Futrelle; Natalya Fridman Noy; Shobana Sampath

1994-01-01

187

Developing Faculty as Researchers. ASHE 1985 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Domains of faculty research development are considered, with attention to various scholarly activities such as publishing in journals, editing books/monographs, publishing book reviews, and delivering papers at professional meetings. A cognitive map of faculty development is presented that incorporates findings from the literature on the sociology…

Wheeler, Daniel; Creswell, John

188

RESEARCH PAPER Population genetic diversity and species relationships in the  

E-print Network

and Estonian endemic R. osiliensis. Rhinanthus javorkae and R. minor were genetically most differentiatedRESEARCH PAPER Population genetic diversity and species relationships in the genus Rhinanthus L:10.1111/plb.12057 ABSTRACT The genus Rhinanthus L. is complex, containing many taxonomically

Helenurm, Kaius

189

Research Papers Leaf Processing by Wild Chimpanzees: Physically Defended Leaves  

E-print Network

Research Papers Leaf Processing by Wild Chimpanzees: Physically Defended Leaves Reveal Complex Andrews, Fife, Scotland Abstract The manual processing of eight species of leaf was investigated in the M-group chimpanzees of Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Leaf species varied in the extent to which physical

190

RESEARCH PAPER Molecular dynamics simulations of oscillatory Couette flows  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Molecular dynamics simulations of oscillatory Couette flows with slip boundary-periodic flows of monatomic liquids is investigated using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations Molecular dynamics simulation Á Liquid flow Á Nanofluidics Á Slip length 1 Introduction The rational design

Priezjev, Nikolai V.

191

Research paper The relationship between MOC reflex and masked threshold  

E-print Network

simultaneously with one repetition of a 300-ms masker in an ongoing train of masker bursts. Three maskingResearch paper The relationship between MOC reflex and masked threshold Angela Garinisa,*, Lynne. In the present study, the relationship between strength of the contralateral MOC reflex and masked threshold

Allen, Jont

192

Faculty Research Working Papers Series Kyoto and Geneva  

E-print Network

climate change is manifest in the Kyoto Protocol, negotiated in that city in 1997, and likely soonFaculty Research Working Papers Series Kyoto and Geneva: Linkage of the Climate Change Regime at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=619261 #12;June 20 + Oct. 1, 2004 "Kyoto and Geneva: Linkage

193

EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH OPAL Physics Paper PR395  

E-print Network

EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH OPAL Physics Paper PR395 15 th January 2004 Revised 1 st at LEP2 The OPAL Collaboration Abstract Anomalous quartic couplings between the electroweak gauge bosons. This analysis uses the LEP2 OPAL data sample at centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. Event selections identify

194

1578 Research Paper The generation and diversification of butterfly eyespot  

E-print Network

1578 Research Paper The generation and diversification of butterfly eyespot color patterns Craig R color patterning. In 0960-9822/01/$ ­ see front matterdifferent butterfly species, the same and change. The of Wisconsin-Madison, 1525 Linden Drive, recently derived eyespots on butterfly wings vary

Monteiro, AntĂłnia

195

Environmental Education Research: 30 Years on from Tbilisi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a transcript of the author's Keynote Address to the Fourth World Environmental Education Congress, Durban, July 2007. He has been asked to speak about environmental education research since Tbilisi, to explore what environmental education researchers might learn from this work, and look ahead to the challenges that now face them as…

Scott, William

2009-01-01

196

Assessment of cold-climate environmental research priorities  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has consistently recognized that cold regions pose unique environmental problems. This report sets forth the conceptual framework and research plans for several high priority research areas. It provides the fundamental basis for implementation of the EPA Cold-Climate Environmental Research Program. This three- to five-year program encompasses both short- and long-term research of high relevance to the EPA and to the cold regions that it serves.

States, J.B.

1983-04-01

197

Orbiting Debris: a Space Environmental Problem. Background Paper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Artificial debris, deposited in a multitude of orbits about the Earth as the result of the exploration and use of the space environment, poses a growing hazard to future space operations. Unless nations sharply reduce the amount of orbital debris they produce, future space activites could suffer loss of capability, loss of income, and even loss of life as a result of collisions between spacecraft and debris. This background paper discusses the sources of debris and how they can be greatly reduced.

1990-01-01

198

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCHER  

EPA Science Inventory

Qualitative research techniques are often under-utilized by the environmental health researcher. Focus groups, one such qualitative method, can provide rich data sets for study planning and implementation, risk perception, program and policy research, and exploration into future...

199

European Birth Cohorts for Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Many pregnancy and birth cohort studies investigate the health effects of early-life environmental contaminant exposure. An overview of existing studies and their data is needed to improve collaboration, harmonization, and future project planning. Objectives: Our goal was to create a comprehensive overview of European birth cohorts with environmental exposure data. Methods: Birth cohort studies were included if they a) collected data on at least one environmental exposure, b) started enrollment during pregnancy or at birth, c) included at least one follow-up point after birth, d) included at least 200 mother–child pairs, and e) were based in a European country. A questionnaire collected information on basic protocol details and exposure and health outcome assessments, including specific contaminants, methods and samples, timing, and number of subjects. A full inventory can be searched on www.birthcohortsenrieco.net. Results: Questionnaires were completed by 37 cohort studies of > 350,000 mother–child pairs in 19 European countries. Only three cohorts did not participate. All cohorts collected biological specimens of children or parents. Many cohorts collected information on passive smoking (n = 36), maternal occupation (n = 33), outdoor air pollution (n = 27), and allergens/biological organisms (n = 27). Fewer cohorts (n = 12–19) collected information on water contamination, ionizing or nonionizing radiation exposures, noise, metals, persistent organic pollutants, or other pollutants. All cohorts have information on birth outcomes; nearly all on asthma, allergies, childhood growth and obesity; and 26 collected information on child neurodevelopment. Conclusion: Combining forces in this field will yield more efficient and conclusive studies and ultimately improve causal inference. This impressive resource of existing birth cohort data could form the basis for longer-term and worldwide coordination of research on environment and child health. PMID:21878421

Casas, Maribel; Bergström, Anna; Carmichael, Amanda; Cordier, Sylvaine; Eggesbř, Merete; Eller, Esben; Fantini, Maria P.; Fernández, Mariana F.; Fernández-Somoano, Ana; Gehring, Ulrike; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Hohmann, Cynthia; Karvonen, Anne M.; Keil, Thomas; Kogevinas, Manolis; Koppen, Gudrun; Krämer, Ursula; Kuehni, Claudia E.; Magnus, Per; Majewska, Renata; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Patelarou, Evridiki; Petersen, Maria Skaalum; Pierik, Frank H.; Polanska, Kinga; Porta, Daniela; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Santos, Ana Cristina; Slama, Rémy; Sram, Radim J.; Thijs, Carel; Tischer, Christina; Toft, Gunnar; Trnovec, Tomáš; Vandentorren, Stephanie; Vrijkotte, Tanja G.M.; Wilhelm, Michael; Wright, John; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark

2011-01-01

200

Patrick Christopher Wilson Assistant Professor of Environmental Toxicology (60% Research,  

E-print Network

Patrick Christopher Wilson Assistant Professor of Environmental Toxicology (60% Research, 40 Science), Clemson University, 1994 Ph.D., Environmental Toxicology, Clemson University, 1999 Expertise. Aquatic toxicology notes: predicting the fate and effects of aquatic and ditchbank herbicides. EDIS

Jawitz, James W.

201

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AGROECOSYSTEM MONITORING AND RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The monitoring program described in this document is one component of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP), a national program administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development. or EMAP, agroecosystems are defined ...

202

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

203

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research  

PubMed Central

This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade. Basic principles, factors, limits, InSAR sensors, available software packages for the generation of InSAR interferograms were summarized to support future applications. Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences. It ends with a discussion of future research directions. PMID:22573992

Zhou, Xiaobing; Chang, Ni-Bin; Li, Shusun

2009-01-01

204

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research.  

PubMed

This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade. Basic principles, factors, limits, InSAR sensors, available software packages for the generation of InSAR interferograms were summarized to support future applications. Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences. It ends with a discussion of future research directions. PMID:22573992

Zhou, Xiaobing; Chang, Ni-Bin; Li, Shusun

2009-01-01

205

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

on Climate Change. 1990-2003 Research Notes from NERI No. 211 #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Notes from NERI No. 211 2005 Jytte Boll Illerup Erik Lyck Malene Nielsen Morten Winther Mette Hjorth and Planning. Serial title and no.: Research Notes from NERI No. 211 Publisher: National Environmental Research

206

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

on Climate Change, 1990-2001 Research Notes from NERI No. 181 #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Notes from NERI No. 181 2003 Jytte Boll Illerup Erik Lyck Malene Nielsen Morten Winther Mette Hjort Analysis Serial title and no.: Research Notes from NERI No. 181 Publisher: National Environmental Research

207

REU Site: Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science offers undergraduate students a unique opportunity to actively experience field research in Environmental Science in a premier National Park, over a nine-week period in the summer. The Yosemite REU is a collaboration between three institutions: the University of California at Merced, Yosemite National Park, and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. Student activities

M. H. Conklin; B. Dayrat

2009-01-01

208

STRATEGY FOR RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO CHILDREN  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Research and Development (ORD) is pleased to announce the availability of its Strategy for Research on Environmental Risks to Children. This document provides the strategic direction for ORD's research program in chi...

209

Indigenous Knowledge in Environmental Education Processes: Perspectives on a Growing Research Arena  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides perspective on the growing research arena of indigenous knowledge in environmental education in southern Africa. By drawing mainly on South African case examples of indigenous knowledge activities and research (including our own research) we provide an overview of activities and debates that have emerged in response to earlier…

Van Damme, Lynette Sibongile Masuku; Neluvhalani, Edgar Fulufhelo

2004-01-01

210

Federal laboratory research benefitting the pulp and paper industry  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the methodology and results of a test effort to surface from six federal laboratories research results of potential application in the pulp and paper industry (PPI), particularly those results applicable to improving energy productivity. The six laboratories surveyed were the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL); Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLL); National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lewis Research Center (NASA Lewis); Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); and the Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore (SNL). The principal methodology steps in this effort were the development of a taxonomy of the pulp and paper industry, identification of industry needs and laboratory capabilities, laboratory visits, review of technology findings with industry, and publication of results. Thirty-eight technologies relevant to the PPI were discovered in the laboratories; they are identified and profiled concisely herein.

Moore, N.L.; Fink, C.R.

1984-09-01

211

Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In November 2012, ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the BER program office. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1) The scale of data sets available to science collaborations continues to increase exponentially. This has broad impact, both on the network and on the computational and storage systems connected to the network. 2) Many science collaborations require assistance to cope with the systems and network engineering challenges inherent in managing the rapid growth in data scale. 3) Several science domains operate distributed facilities that rely on high-performance networking for success. Key examples illustrated in this report include the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase). This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section as well as the text of the case studies discussed at the review.

Dart, Eli; Tierney, Brian

2013-09-01

212

Educational paper: research in oral and maxillofacial surgery.  

PubMed

Training in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) requires undergraduate degrees in both medicine and dentistry. When trainees in other surgical specialties may be pursuing a higher degree in research or education, OMFS trainees will be studying for their second undergraduate degree. It is possibly therefore that the specialty is weak in terms of doubly qualified university academics who have been trained in the full and extended curriculum OMFS. Research is recognised in all applications to United Kingdom and Ireland specialist training programmes, and points are awarded, though many juniors who enter these will have found it difficult to do any research during their careers to date. With changes in specialist training it may become even more difficult to obtain a research degree, although with the introduction of the National Institute for Health Research Integrated Academic Training (academic clinical fellowships/clinical lectureships) there is renewed hope that enthusiasm for academic OMFS will be reignited. In this paper we try to provide an idea of the opportunities available to OMFS trainees in academia and research. PMID:19889491

Walker, Tom W M; Cascarini, Luke; Brennan, Peter A

2010-12-01

213

Environmental Systems Research Candidates FY-01 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program ran from April 2000 through September 2001 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). ESRA provides key science and technology to meet the cleanup mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (EM), and performs research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the accomplishments of the ESRC Program. The ESRC Program consisted of 25 tasks subdivided within four research areas.

Miller, David Lynn; Piet, Steven James

2001-03-01

214

CER: Centre for Environmental Research at the University of Limerick  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Environmental Research (CER) encompasses research in many science areas at the University of Limerick including biochemistry, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and hydrology. The website features the current projects of the director, Professor Richard Moles, whose interests incorporate "integrated assessment, system dynamics and spatial modelling, interactive research, sustainable development, plant and bird ecology, landscape evolution, soil science, geomorphology, and pollution pathways." Users can find links to CER's three main themes: environmental catalysis and chemistry, scientific management of environmental quality, and environmental technology. There, individuals can obtain extensive information on the researchers, their interests, and publications.

215

Four Universities: Achieving Environmental Quality through Environmental Education and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five universities receiving aid from the Rockefeller Foundation are discussed. The American University has had difficulty initially interdisciplinary environmental studies. Problems include insufficient financial independence, autonomous faculty nature, seniority system, students, and departmental structure. Penn State's efforts involve…

Richardson, Ralph W., Jr., Ed.; Nash, Roderick, Ed.

216

Environmental Remediation Technologies Derived from Space Industry Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Beginning in the 1950s and 1960s, an abundance of effort and initiative was focused on propelling the space industry outward for planetary exploration and habitation. During these early years, the push to take space science to new levels indirectly contributed to the evolution of another science field that would not fully surface until the early 1980s, environmental remediation. This field is associated with the remediation or cleanup of environmental resources such as groundwater, soil, and sediment. Because the space-exploration initiative began prior to the establishment of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in December of 1970, many NASA Centers as well as space-related support contractors allowed for the release of spent chemicals into the environment. Subsequently, these land owners have been directed by the EPA to responsibly initiate cleanup of their impacted sites. This paper will focus on the processes and lessons learned with the development, testing, and commercialization initiatives associated with four remediation technologies. The technologies include installation techniques for permeable reactive barriers (PRBs), the use of ultrasound to improve long-term performance of PRBs, emulsified zero-valent iron for product-level solvent degradation, and emulsion technologies for application to metal and polychlorinated biphenyl contaminated media. Details of the paper cover technology research, evaluation, and testing; contracts and grants; and technology transfer strategies including patenting, marketing, and licensing.

Quinn, Jacqueline; Sauser, Brian; Helminger, Andrew

2004-01-01

217

ORD RESEARCH AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT AT EPA'S R.S. KERR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY; ADA, OK  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory is one of ten Office of Research and Development research laboratories. The R.S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory conducts EPA-investigator led laboratory and field research to provide the scientific basis to support t...

218

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

...RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18...and appointment of Environmental Protection Research...the applicant's qualifications; designate in writing persons to receive Environmental Protection...

2014-07-01

219

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18...and appointment of Environmental Protection Research...the applicant's qualifications; designate in writing persons to receive Environmental Protection...

2010-07-01

220

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18...and appointment of Environmental Protection Research...the applicant's qualifications; designate in writing persons to receive Environmental Protection...

2011-07-01

221

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18...and appointment of Environmental Protection Research...the applicant's qualifications; designate in writing persons to receive Environmental Protection...

2012-07-01

222

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18...and appointment of Environmental Protection Research...the applicant's qualifications; designate in writing persons to receive Environmental Protection...

2013-07-01

223

How to publish a peer-reviewed research paper from integrative landscape research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Publishing is an important aspect of communication in the sciences and contributes to its progress. Researchers involved in integrative landscape research perceive it to be more difficult to publish integrative studies than disciplinary studies. Therefore, the objective of this chapter is to provide guidelines for writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal or as a chapter in

Gunther Tress; B. Tress; Gary Fry

2006-01-01

224

RESEARCH PAPER Environmental Manipulation to Avoid a Unique Predator  

E-print Network

wallabies (Macropus agilis) to avoid saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) predation: the cre- ation sites. Drinking holes were twice as far from the water's edge in a river stretch with high crocodile density (2/km) than those in a stretch with low crocodile density (0.08/km). However, site differences

Canberra, University of

225

Semiempirical low-latitude ionospheric model. Environmental research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since current empirical models specifying low-latitude electron density profiles severely underestimate the daytime plasma density scale-height and total electron content (TEC), a Semi-empirical, Low-latitude, Ionospheric Model (SLIM) was developed that is not only more realistic but is also computationally fast. Electron-density profiles (180 to 1800 km) are theoretically calculated as a function of latitude (every 2° between 24 N and

D. N. Anderson; Mendillo; Herniter

1985-01-01

226

Investigating the Benefits of Participatory Action Research for Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education (EE) continues to focus on enhancing people's ecological knowledge to encourage sustainable actions. This deficit approach presumes that once informed about environmental harms, people will work towards sustainable solutions for healthy societies. Yet research overwhelmingly demonstrates that knowledge of environmental…

Bywater, Krista

2014-01-01

227

Teens Make the Environmental Scene. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films used as a force in creating public awareness of local environmental problems were discussed in this occasional paper. Teenagers active in an environmental studies summer program at Gill School, Bernardsville, New Jersey, realized that films effectively informed fellow citizens of such problems. They produced 8mm films portraying pollution…

Vogl, Robert; Vogl, Sonia

228

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 632, 2007 Denmark's Nationa.: NERI Technical Report No. 632 Title: Denmark's National Inventory Report 2007 Subtitle: Emission

229

Applied and Environmental Microbiology Gordon Research Conference  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of the Gordon Research Conference on Applied and Environmental Microbiology was to present and discuss new, fundamental research findings on microorganisms, their activities in the environment, their ecosystem-level effects, and their environmental or commercial applications. To accomplish this goal, knowledge of microbial diversity, interactions and population dynamics was required. The genomic basis of microbial processes, the cycling of naturally occurring and hazardous substances, and methodologies to assess the functional relationships of microorganisms in their habitats were essential for understanding the ecological consequences of microbial activities and the formulation of generalizing principles. In the last decade, molecular technology has revealed that microbial diversity is far more extensive than the limited view obtained from culturing procedures. Great advances in environmental microbiology have resulted from the development and application of molecular approaches to ecology and molecular evolution. A further surprise resulting from the application of these new tools is the blurring of the distinction between pathogenic traits versus those considered non-pathogenic. This year's conference addressed the issues of biodiversity, its development, and the impact of stress on gene selection and expression. In addition microbial metabolic versatility with toxins such as heavy metals, antibiotics, and organic pollutants were discussed. The nine session topics were (1) biodiversity and the bacterial species, (2) mechanisms of biodiversification, (3) biofilms in health and environment, (4) a genomic view of microbial response to stress, (5) microbial use of toxic metals, (6) microbial mineral formation and dissolution, (7) power and limitations of antimicrobials, (8) biodegradation of organic pollutants, and (9) astrobiology. The Conference had an international profile: the Conference Vice-Chair, Dr. Gerard Muyzer, was from The Nether lands, 10 of the 28 speakers and 2 of the 9 discussion leaders were from outside the USA. The program was composed of speakers and discussion leaders (selected through open peer discussion) from a wide range of universities, institutes, government laboratories, and industries. The Conference has traditionally drawn many non-U.S. conferees. In typical Gordon Conference style, the Conference sessions were informal, off the record, and open to all participants for the expression of their views. Meetings were held in the morning and evening. Afternoons were available for participation in small, informal discussion groups. The latest and often unpublished findings were emphasized. Following each evening session, conferees were able to gather in a central location where additional discussion occurred. Poster sessions facilitated informal discussion in the afternoon and evenings. The entire atmosphere of the Conference was designed to foster informal interaction. In fact, publication of a proceedings was not permitted by the Gordon Conferences in order to promote discussion of unpublished data. This type of meeting is a valuable means of disseminating information and ideas in a way that cannot be achieved through the usual channels of publication and presentations at large scientific meetings. The primary criteria for admittance to this Conference were scientific commitment and, implicitly, an interest in active and meaningful participation in the discussions.

Wall, Judy D.

2003-11-19

230

Nanomaterials driven energy, environmental and biomedical research  

SciTech Connect

We have developed state-of-the-art nanomaterials such as nanofibers, nanotubes, nanoparticles, nanocatalysts and nanostructures for clean energy, environmental and biomedical research. Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed, but it can be converted from one form to another. Based on this principle, chemical energy such as hydrogen has been produced from water electrolysis at a much lower voltage using RuO{sub 2} nanoparticles on the Si wafer substrate. Once the hydrogen is produced from the clean sources such as solar energy and water, it has to be stored by physisorption or chemisorption processes on to the solid state systems. For the successful physical adsorption of hydrogen molecule, we have developed novel polyaniline nanostructures via chemical templating and electrospinning routes. Chemical or complex hydrides involving nano MgH{sub 2} and transition metal nanocatalysts have been synthesized to tailor both the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen (chemi) sorption respectively. Utilization of solar energy (UV-Vis) and a coupling of novel semiconductor oxide nanoparticles have been recently demonstrated with enhancement in photo-oxidation and/or photo-reduction processes for the water/air detoxification and sustainable liquid fuel production respectively. Magnetic nanoparticles such as ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} have been synthesized and optimized for biomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and tumor diagnostic sensing (MRI)

Sharma, Prakash C.; Srinivasan, Sesha S.; Wilson, Jeremiah F. [Department of Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088 (United States)

2014-03-31

231

Nanometrology and its perspectives in environmental research  

PubMed Central

Objectives Rapid increase in engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in many goods has raised significant concern about their environmental safety. Proper methodologies are therefore needed to conduct toxicity and exposure assessment of nanoparticles in the environment. This study reviews several analytical techniques for nanoparticles and summarizes their principles, advantages and disadvantages, reviews the state of the art, and offers the perspectives of nanometrology in relation to ENP studies. Methods Nanometrology is divided into five techniques with regard to the instrumental principle: microscopy, light scattering, spectroscopy, separation, and single particle inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Results Each analytical method has its own drawbacks, such as detection limit, ability to quantify or qualify ENPs, and matrix effects. More than two different analytical methods should be used to better characterize ENPs. Conclusions In characterizing ENPs, the researchers should understand the nanometrology and its demerits, as well as its merits, to properly interpret their experimental results. Challenges lie in the nanometrology and pretreatment of ENPs from various matrices; in the extraction without dissolution or aggregation, and concentration of ENPs to satisfy the instrumental detection limit. PMID:25384386

Kim, Hyun-A; Seo, Jung-Kwan; Kim, Taksoo; Lee, Byung-Tae

2014-01-01

232

Nanomaterials driven energy, environmental and biomedical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed state-of-the-art nanomaterials such as nanofibers, nanotubes, nanoparticles, nanocatalysts and nanostructures for clean energy, environmental and biomedical research. Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed, but it can be converted from one form to another. Based on this principle, chemical energy such as hydrogen has been produced from water electrolysis at a much lower voltage using RuO2 nanoparticles on the Si wafer substrate. Once the hydrogen is produced from the clean sources such as solar energy and water, it has to be stored by physisorption or chemisorption processes on to the solid state systems. For the successful physical adsorption of hydrogen molecule, we have developed novel polyaniline nanostructures via chemical templating and electrospinning routes. Chemical or complex hydrides involving nano MgH2 and transition metal nanocatalysts have been synthesized to tailor both the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen (chemi) sorption respectively. Utilization of solar energy (UV-Vis) and a coupling of novel semiconductor oxide nanoparticles have been recently demonstrated with enhancement in photo-oxidation and/or photo-reduction processes for the water/air detoxification and sustainable liquid fuel production respectively. Magnetic nanoparticles such as ZnFe2O4 have been synthesized and optimized for biomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and tumor diagnostic sensing (MRI).

Sharma, Prakash C.; Srinivasan, Sesha S.; Wilson, Jeremiah F.

2014-03-01

233

75 FR 6377 - Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2985-006] Onyx Specialty Papers, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment February 2, 2010. In accordance with...

2010-02-09

234

Environmentally Mediated Risks for Psychopathology: Research Strategies and Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To consider the research design requirements needed to provide a rigorous test of environmental mediation hypotheses and to summarize the main findings from research using such designs. Method: Selective review of empirical evidence dealing with psychopathology. Results: There is robust evidence of environmentally mediated risks for…

Rutter, Michael

2005-01-01

235

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical 2004 Ole-Kenneth Nielsen Malene Nielsen Jytte Boll Illlerup #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI

236

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 665 Title: Individual traffic-related air pollution

237

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No GyldenkĂŚrne #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 655 Title: Projection of SO2, NOX

238

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 672, 2008 Revised emission factors for gas engines including start/stop emissions Sub-report 3 (NERI) #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI

239

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 611, 2007 Projection title and no.: Technical Report from NERI No. 611 Title: Projection of greenhouse gas emissions Subtitle

240

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 681 and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 681 Title: The Danish Air Quality Monitoring Programme Subtitle

241

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 623 Jørgen Brandt Jesper Christensen Mathias Ketzel #12;2 'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical

242

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No Marraat #12;[Blank page] #12;National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI;Data sheet Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 629 Title: A chemical and biological study

243

Environmental Research Group (ERG) 2020 Collaboration, Commercialization and STEM Growth  

E-print Network

Environmental Research Group (ERG) 2020 Collaboration, Commercialization and STEM Growth Submitted of women and under-represented minority students and faculty, aligning CEPS well with the UNH Advance UNH in meeting its goal of doubling the number of STEM graduates. 1 #12;Environmental Research Group

244

Environmental-performance research priorities: Wood products. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a research plan to establish environmental, energy, and economic performance measures for renewable building materials, and to identify management and technology alternatives to improve environmental performance in a cost-effective manner. The research plan is designed to: (1) collect environmental and economic data on all life-cycle stages of the materials, (2) ensure that the data follows consistent definitions and collection procedures, and (3) develop analytical procedures for life-cycle analysis to address environmental performance questions. The research will be subdivided into a number of individual project modules. The five processing stages of wood used to organize the research plan are: (1) resource management and harvesting; (2) processing; (3) design and construction of structures; (4) use, maintenance, and disposal; and (5) waste recycling. Individual research module descriptions are provided in the report, as well as assessment techniques, research standards and protocol, and research management. 13 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

NONE

1998-01-15

245

Current Issues VI: The Yearbook of Environmental Education and Environmental Studies. Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education (9th).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two major sections, one dealing with the practitioner's perspective and the other addressing research and evaluation, comprise these proceedings of the 1980 Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education (NAEE). Section I contains 10 essays which describe programs, approaches, and issues of interest to the environmental…

Sacks, Arthur B., Ed.; And Others

246

Environmental Behavior and Gender: An Emerging Area of Concern for Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ecofeminism suggests that women are more active than men regarding environmental issues for a variety of social, cultural, and biological reasons. In support to these arguments, women predominate within the overall grassroots of the Environmental Justice movement. However, claims have been made that environmental education theory and research are…

Sakellari, Maria; Skanavis, Constantina

2013-01-01

247

The Administrator-Researcher Interaction: The Conduct of Cooperative Research. Research, Evaluation, Development Paper Series. No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thesis of this paper is that by recognizing the separate abilities and insights of educational administrators and researchers, cooperative research can be conducted that benefits both parties, yet requires neither a new research methodology nor increased research sophistication of administrators. The authors address this thesis from the…

Murray, Stephen L.; Smith, Nick L.

248

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

for the greenhouse gas inventory Version 1 Research Notes from NERI No. 224 #12;[Blank page] #12;National inventory Version 1 Research Notes from NERI No. 224 2005 Peter Borgen Sørensen Jytte Boll Illerup Malene.: Research Notes from NERI No. 224 Publisher: National Environmental Research Institute Ministry

249

78 FR 47271 - Draft Environmental Assessment for the Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGRICULTURE Draft Environmental Assessment...Subtropical Agricultural Research Center...Transfer AGENCY: Agricultural Research Service...of the Draft Environmental Assessment...Subtropical Agricultural Research...

2013-08-05

250

Printed and tablet e-paper newspaper from an environmental perspective - A screening life cycle assessment  

SciTech Connect

Viable alternatives to conventional newspapers, such as electronic papers, e-papers or e-readers, are intended to have many of the qualities of paper, such as reading using reflective light, high resolution, 180 deg. viewing angle. It has been suggested that the environmental impact of e-paper can be lower than for printed and internet-based newspapers. However, in order to find the facts of the matter, a thorough life cycle perspective covering raw material acquisition, production, use and disposal should preferably be used to study the environmental performance of the different products. A screening life cycle assessment was performed to describe the potential environmental impacts of two product systems; printed on paper and tablet e-paper newspapers. Results show that the most significant phase of the life cycle for both product systems was the production of substrate or platform. Accordingly, key aspects that may affect the resulting environmental performance of newspaper product systems were for the printed newspaper number of readers per copy and number of pages per issue and for the tablet e-paper newspaper lifetime and multi-use of the device. The printed newspaper in general had a higher energy use, higher emissions of gases contributing to climate change and several other impact categories than the tablet e-paper newspaper. It was concluded that tablet e-paper has the potential to decrease the environmental impact of newspaper consumption. However, further studies regarding the environmental impact of production and waste management of electronic devices and internet use, as well as more comprehensive assessment of toxicological impacts are needed. As the data on the electronic devices becomes more comprehensive this may prove to be a major limitation of electronic newspaper systems. Developers are suggested to strive towards minimisation of toxic and rare substances in production.

Moberg, Asa, E-mail: asa.moberg@infra.kth.s [KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); STFI-Packforsk, PO Box 5604, SE 114 86 Stockholm (Sweden); KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Centre for Sustainable Communications, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Johansson, Martin, E-mail: martin.x.johansson@lantmannen.co [STFI-Packforsk, PO Box 5604, SE 114 86 Stockholm (Sweden); Finnveden, Goeran, E-mail: goran.finnveden@infra.kth.s [KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Urban Planning and Environment, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Centre for Sustainable Communications, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Jonsson, Alex, E-mail: alexj@csc.kth.s [KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Media Technology and Graphic Arts, School of Computer Science and Communication, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Centre for Sustainable Communications, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2010-04-15

251

THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIMEN BANK RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR SAMPLING, STORAGE, AND ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The work was performed under a joint NBS/EPA research program to develop state-of-the-art protocols for sampling, storage, and analysis of biological and environmental-type matrices. This report is a compliation of research papers and/or efforts describing developed or adopted pr...

252

The 5th World Environmental Education Congress, 2009: A Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contextualizes the 5th World Environmental Education Congress, discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the Congress theme "Earth Our Common Home," and relates this theorizing to the research project that was woven through the Congress. We provide a rationale for engaging in this research project, as an invitation for Congress…

Jickling, Bob; Sauve, Lucie; Briere, Laurence; Niblett, Blair; Root, Emily

2010-01-01

253

The Distinctive Characteristics of Environmental Education Research in Australia: An Historical and Comparative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the question of how Australian environmental education (EE) research was conceptualised and contextualised in the decade of the 1990s. Sixty seven articles published by Australian authors in this journal from 1990-2000 were analysed to examine the conceptualisation of this research using an inductive emergent categorisation…

Stevenson, Robert B.; Evans, Neus

2011-01-01

254

Training for Environmental Law Enforcement in Sweden: The role of NGOs. Discussion Paper No. 105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion paper examines the training citizen groups need in order to confront a wide variety of industries and types of pollution. Section I of the paper focuses on the interaction of three groups: (1) industry: this group includes distributors of environmental pollutants as well as manufactures of pollution control equipment; (2)…

Gillberg, Bjorn O.; Tamplin, Arthur R.

255

Enhancing Faculty Involvement in Institutional Research. A Collaborative Action Research Strategy. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the void in the literature on the methodology of institutional research and examines the complex process of interaction that occurs when an institution engages a faculty member or academic unit to assume primary responsibility for conducting a research project on behalf of the institution. A case study of a study conducted by…

Peterson, Marvin W.

256

Linking Child Poverty and Child Outcomes: Exploring Data and Research Strategies. Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews research on processes linking low incomes, deprived neighborhoods, and adverse outcomes for British children, identifying gaps and limitations in existing datasets and research strategies. Four domains are examined: education, health and psychological outcomes, crime and related behavior, and items linked to transitioning to…

Plewis, Ian; Smith, George; Wright, Gemma; Cullis, Andrew

257

Environmental research program: FY 1987, annual report  

SciTech Connect

This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1987 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics, and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs. For their studies, the group is developing novel analytical and research methods for characterizing aerosol species. Aerosol research is performed in the laboratory and in the field. Studies of smoke emissions from fires and their possible effects on climatic change, especially as related to nuclear winter, are an example of the collaboration between the Atmospheric Aerosol Research and Combustion Research Groups.

Not Available

1988-03-01

258

Wealth, Cost, and the Undergraduate Student Experience at Large Public Research Universities. SERU Project and Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE 13.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relying primarily on the responses of a proportionally weighted sample of undergraduate students attending eighteen major public research universities (N greater than 300K, responses from greater than 130K, n greater than 40K) that are part of the Student Experience in the Research University Consortium, this paper concludes that students from…

Chatman, Steve

2011-01-01

259

EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself a particularly large and interesting challenge: to help connect the vast community of environmental researchers, practitioners, activists, and interested informed observers. ERL and its partner online resource base and community website, environmentalresearchweb, fills a major void: a single locus for rapid publication of peer-reviewed and highly interdisciplinary material spanning literally every aspect of environmental research and thought. The wide range of material that falls squarely into the purview of ERL—from restoration ecology to global change science and politics, to toxicology and environmental justice, to environmental and social impacts of energy conversion—illustrate just how diverse a 'community' we hope to serve. Thanks to an exceptional editorial staff and board, and a diverse range of fascinating contributed papers, ERL is off to a particularly fast start. ERL has both a small advisory board and a larger editorial board. The board serves several functions, beginning with the traditional one of taking the lead on reviews of papers in such a dizzying array of areas. This task alone is a challenge because of the commitment ERL has made to exceptionally rapid publication: a goal of 90 days from submission to online publication for accepted papers. This goal, which we have generally met, includes the publication of complementary (but not always complimentary) 500 1000 word commentaries on a number of papers. To accomplish this alone the editorial board, and the reviewers, have been heroic, and deserve a huge round of applause. IOP Publishing too, has been truly wonderful in making this happen. The rapid publication has proven to be important in both expected and unexpected ways. First, it means that emerging environmental analysis can reach a readership fast, and that discussions of key findings do not even have to wait for the next paper to appear (which, also, can be rapid given that ERL publishes online as papers complete the review process, without waiting for a full, 'bound' volume, to be ready). This rapid dialog is the result of another innovation that IOP Publishing was willing to support: environmentalresearchweb. Launched in February 2007, environmentalresearchweb is a portal for environmental news, discussions of both papers in ERL and events—climate meetings such as the recent Bali Summit or the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (to which I am very proud to have contributed as a lead author)—as well as meetings, and other goings on that impact environmental issues globally. By all objective measures this most direct role of ERL has gone exceedingly well. Publication has been rapid, and of high quality, and the readership has been fantastic. We have had over 50 000 downloads of full article PDFs. The most popular few articles have received over 5000 downloads apiece, showing clearly how far the reach can be for online publication of important new material. ERL articles have been profiled in Nature and other top journals. This level of international visibility that ERL's open-access model guarantees for authors and their work is one particular benefit of the journal and one that we have already seen translating into article citations. Virtually every author asks about ERL's Impact Factor and it's listing in the various scientific ranking services. It generally takes over a year, or a volume of publication, for a new journal to be reviewed and the articles listed by all citation services. The most important criteria that determine journal listing vary between different citation services, but what is clear is that only continued publication of research of the highest quality, impact

Kammen, Daniel M.

2008-03-01

260

Applied Science Division annual report, Environmental Research Program FY 1983  

SciTech Connect

The primary concern of the Environmental Research Program is the understanding of pollutant formation, transport, and transformation and the impacts of pollutants on the environment. These impacts include global, regional, and local effects on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and on certain aspects of human health. This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. During FY 1983, research concentrated on atmospheric physics and chemistry, applied physics and laser spectroscopy, combustion theory and phenomena, environmental effects of oil shale processing, freshwater ecology and acid precipitation, trace element analysis for the investigation of present and historical environmental impacts, and a continuing survey of instrumentation for environmental monitoring.

Cairns, E.J.; Novakov, T.

1984-05-01

261

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1996  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Fiscal Year 1996 activities and products of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research. The report is organized into four main sections. The introduction identifies the basic program structure, describes the programs of the Environmental Sciences Division, and provides the level of effort for each program area. The research areas and project descriptions section gives program contact information, and provides descriptions of individual research projects including: three-year funding history, research objective and approach used in each project, and results to date. Appendixes provide postal and e-mail addresses for principal investigators and define acronyms used in the text. The indexes provide indexes of principal investigators, research institutions, and keywords for easy reference. Research projects are related to climatic change and remedial action.

NONE

1997-06-01

262

A facility for using cluster research to study environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This report begins by describing the general application of cluster based research to environmental chemistry and the development of a Cluster Structure and Dynamics Research Facility (CSDRF). Next, four important areas of cluster research are described in more detail, including how they can impact environmental problems. These are: surface-supported clusters, water and contaminant interactions, time-resolved dynamic studies in clusters, and cluster structures and reactions. These facilities and equipment required for each area of research are then presented. The appendices contain workshop agenda and a listing of the researchers who participated in the workshop discussions that led to this report.

Not Available

1991-11-01

263

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences At CIRES--  

E-print Network

mantra for CIRES. We are proud to host a very dynamic and interdisciplinary environmental research explore all aspects of the earth system and search for ways to better understand how natural and human in interdisciplinary research and teaching. We're committed to communicating our research in ways that help inform

Colorado at Boulder, University of

264

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

Emissions Inventory Report to UNECE Inventories from the base year of the protocols to year 2001 NERI to year 2001 NERI Research Notes No. 184 2003 Jytte Boll Illerup Erik Lyck Malene Nielsen Morten Winther and no.: NERI Research Notes from NERI No. 184 Publisher: National Environmental Research Institute

265

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

inventory for particulate matter (PM) Research Notes from NERI No. 189 #12;[Blank page] #12;National matter (PM) Research Notes from NERI No. 189 2003 Malene Nielsen Morten Winther Jytte Boll Illerup Mette of Policy Analysis Serial title and no.: Research Notes from NERI No. 189 Publisher: National Environmental

266

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

267

78 FR 211 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order; Referendum Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...printing, writing and related paper, kraft packaging paper (used for products like...withdrawn for use in the United States. (g) Kraft process means a process that transforms...does not include carbonless paper; (2) Kraft packaging paper, which is coarse...

2013-01-02

268

UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE Research Faculty Guide to Environmental Health and  

E-print Network

DNA? (Section 3.3) Will you purchase, or have in your laboratory, a biological safety cabinet, laminarUNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE Research Faculty Guide to Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory Services Department of Environmental Health & Safety (302) 831-8475 http://www.udel.edu/ehs Created: August

Firestone, Jeremy

269

UMBC CENTER FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This was a multi-year project to establish the Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education (CUERE) at UMBC. The Center was founded to advance understanding of the environmental, social and economic consequences of changes to the urban and suburban landscape. ...

270

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect, or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health research program emphasizes

J. R. Fowle; K. Sexton

1992-01-01

271

Ministry of Environment and Energy National Environmental Research Institute  

E-print Network

Ministry of Environment and Energy National Environmental Research Institute NERI Report Status of Environment and Energy NERI Report 2002 Status report of seabird surveys at Horns Rev, 2000-2001 Thomas KjĂŚr Department: Department of Coastal Zone Ecology Serial title: NERI report Publisher: National Environmental

272

California Energy Balance ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH  

E-print Network

sector. 2008 California Energy Flow Chart (in trillion British thermal units of energy) Source: de can be used to improve energy sourcing to California residents, including more environmentally sustainable sources, lower costs to consumers, and lower air pollution emissions. This information

273

Research Program in Environmental Planning and Geographic Information Systems (REGIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California at Berkeley provides this site on Environmental Planning and Geographic Information Systems (REGIS) research. Based at the University's Center for Environmental Design Research, REGIS aims "to develop GIS tools and apply them in environmental planning, management, research, and teaching." Four sections form the heart of the homepage: GRASSLinks (an interactive Web GIS program that enables real-time display and analysis of data), GIS Analysis and Modeling (includes photos and GIS coverages of San Francisco Bay/ Delta region), Research Projects and Collaborative Partnerships (lists collaborators), and GIS Data and Information Sources at REGIS (includes publications, instructional resources, and GRASS-related software). For academics and professionals interested in GIS and Environmental Planning, this is a solid and useful resource.

274

Published in : Environmental Research Status: Postprint (Author's version)  

E-print Network

Published in : Environmental Research Status: Postprint (Author's version) Pesticide exposure foodstuffs. Consumption of contaminated food is the main source of exposure nowadays. We sought to identify main contributors to blood chlordecone concentration (BCC) and to validate an exposure indicator based

Boyer, Edmond

275

THE CENTER FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION - UMBC  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA GRANT NUMBER: R831058 Title: The Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education - UMBC Investigator: Claire Welty Institution: University of Maryland - Baltimore County EPA Project Officer: Brandon Jones Project...

276

An Overview Of Current Research At The Environmental Protection Agency  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of the current research at the Environmental Protection Agency. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT ROGER B. YEARDLEY, JR., LAND REMEDIATION AND POLLUTION CONTROL DIVISION, 513-569-7548. ...

277

EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) WASTE MINIMIZATION RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Waste minimization is viewed by the Environmental Protection Agency as a desirable and viable alternative to hazardous waste disposal. The Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory, in conjunction with the Office of Solid Waste, is developing a Waste Minimization Program fo...

278

APPLICATION OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY RESEARCH TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Authors describe the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency research program in biotechnology risk assessment to study fate and effects of nonindigenous microorganisms in aquatic and terrestrial environments. nformation from the studies can be used by industries and regulatory agen...

279

RESEARCH PAPER Inertial microfluidics for continuous particle filtration  

E-print Network

environmental and biological applications, including cell separations in cancer therapy ([20 lm), removal bacteria strains such as E. coli O157:H7 (*1 lm) from water (Blankenstein and Larsen 1998; Odegaard 1998

Papautsky, Ian

280

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on research in global change, as well as environmental remediation. Global change research investigates the following: distribution and balance of radiative heat energy; identification of the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases; and prediction of changes in the climate and concomitant ecological effects. Environmental remediation develops the basic understanding needed to remediate soils, sediments, and ground water that have undergone radioactive and chemical contamination.

NONE

1996-09-01

281

Applying environmental product design to biomedical products research.  

PubMed Central

The principal themes for the Biomedical Research and the Environment Conference Committee on Environmental Economics in Biomedical Research include the following: healthcare delivery companies and biomedical research organizations, both nonprofit and for-profit, need to improve their environmental performance; suppliers of healthcare products will be called upon to support this need; and improving the environmental profile of healthcare products begins in research and development (R&D). The committee report begins with requirements from regulatory authorities (e.g., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], the U.S. Food and Drug Administration), and the healthcare delivery sector). The 1998 American Hospital Association and EPA Memorandum of Understanding to reduce solid waste and mercury from healthcare facilities is emblematic of these requirements. The dominant message from the requirements discussion is to ensure that R&D organizations do not ignore customer, environmental, and regulatory requirements in the early stages of product development. Several representatives from healthcare products manufacturers presented their companies' approaches to meeting these requirements. They reported on efforts to ensure that their R&D processes are sensitive to the environmental consequences from manufacturing, distributing, using, and disposing of healthcare products. These reports describe representatives' awareness of requirements and the unique approaches their R&D organizations have taken to meet these requirements. All representatives reported that their R&D organizations have embraced environmental product design because it avoids the potential of returning products to R&D to improve the environmental profile. Additionally, several reports detailed cost savings, sustainability benefits, and improvements in environmental manufacturing or redesign, and increased customer satisfaction. Many companies in healthcare delivery are working to improve environmental performance. Fundamental to these efforts is the necessity of motivating suppliers to improve the environmental profile of new products used in the healthcare delivery sector. PMID:11121364

Messelbeck, J; Sutherland, L

2000-01-01

282

Environmental Inquiry: Authentic Scientific Research for High School Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environmental Inquiry (EI) features curriculum materials and online resources developed to help students conduct environmental science research and participate in communities of fellow student scientists. EI includes two levels of inquiry, modeled after professional scientific research. First, students learn specific research protocols, then conduct interactive research projects based on the protocols. Downloadable forms help them design experiments and then analyze, interpret, and present the results. Discussion boards and an online peer-review forum provide opportunities for interaction with fellow students. Topics include toxicology, invasive species, biodegradation, and watershed dynamics. Each of these topic areas is supported by a textbook and web-based resources.

283

Undergraduate Research Engagement at Major US Research Universities. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.14.13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bolstered by the recommendations of the 1998 Boyer Report, US federal agencies have put significant resources into promoting opportunities for undergraduates to engage in research. American universities and colleges have been creating support programs and curricular opportunities intended to create a "culture of undergraduate research."…

Douglass, John Aubrey; Zhao, Chun-Mei

2013-01-01

284

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.5 Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research...

2014-07-01

285

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.5 Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research...

2013-07-01

286

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.5 Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research...

2012-07-01

287

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.5 Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research...

2011-07-01

288

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.5 Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research...

2010-07-01

289

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2011-07-01

290

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection...AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...

2010-07-01

291

77 FR 6826 - Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education (9487). Dates...concerning support for environmental research and education. Agenda:...

2012-02-09

292

77 FR 50532 - Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education, 9487. Dates...concerning support for environmental research and education. Agenda...

2012-08-21

293

76 FR 47611 - Advisory Committee for Environmental Research And Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research And Education; Notice of Meeting...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education (9487). Dates...concerning support for environmental research and education. Agenda...

2011-08-05

294

78 FR 9743 - Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education; Notice of Meeting...Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education, 9487. Dates...concerning support for environmental research and education. Agenda March...

2013-02-11

295

Creating Meaningful Partnerships Between Communities and Environmental Health Researchers  

PubMed Central

Community engagement is a necessary, although challenging, element of environmental health research in communities. To facilitate the engagement process, direct action community organizing agencies can be useful in bringing together communities and researchers. This article describes the preliminary activities that one direct action community organizing agency used in partnership with researchers to improve community engagement in the first 6 months of an environmental health study conducted in a major U.S. city. Activities included developing communication strategies, creating opportunities for researcher–community interaction, and sustaining project momentum. To conduct environmental research that is both scientifically rigorous and relevant to communities, collaborating partners had to develop professional skills and strategies outside of their areas of expertise. PMID:23875568

De Souza, Rachael; Aguilar, Genevieve C.; de Castro, A. B.

2014-01-01

296

Food Production, Population Growth, and Environmental Quality. Caltech Population Program Occasional Papers, Series 1, Number 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, one in a series of occasional publications, discusses trends in food production and population growth, emphasizing how environmental quality will be affected. The series is intended to increase understanding of the interrelationships between population growth and socioeconomic and cultural patterns throughout the world, and to…

Groth, Edward, III

297

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS OF SELECTED ENERGY CONSERVING MANUFACTURING PROCESS OPTIONS. VOLUME V. PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This study assesses the likelihood of new process technology and new practices being introduced by energy intensive industries and explores the environmental impacts of such changes. Volume 5 examines four options in the pulp and paper industry in depth: (1) alkaline-oxygen pulpi...

298

Environmental assessment for paper and cardboard industry in Jordan — a cleaner production concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

An environmental assessment for Jordan Paper and Cardboard Factory (JPCF) was conducted. Cleaner production concept, what it can achieve, and how it can be applied to JPCF was tested. Using the waste audit tool, five independent options were identified as having potential for improvements; these were on site reuse, technological changes, raw material changes, good housekeeping, and product changes. For

Ghaleb Y Abbasi; Bassim E Abbassi

2004-01-01

299

An Overview of the Research Base of PLATO. Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional educators demand that their methods and instructional resources be soundly based on research and theory. From its origins nearly 40 years ago, the PLATO[R] system has built the largest base of basic research on computer-based learning in the field. Beginning with research funded by the National Science Foundation and conducted at the…

Foshay, Rob

300

The Research-to-Practice Dilemma. Occasional Paper No. 123.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relative newness of the field of adult education and the newness of its research has been one of the problems in the research-to-practice dilemma. Edcuators have a sense of uncertainty and hence uneasiness in their role as social scientists. Others feel that adult education research is too flawed or impoverished for adoption. Dissemination…

Merriam, Sharan B.

301

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews the history, evolution, and transition of the United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr.

Kent Pandolf (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine)

2011-12-01

302

[Environmental Hazards Assessment Program annual report, June 1992--June 1993]. Summer undergraduate research program: Environmental studies  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the summer undergraduate internship program for research in environmental studies is to provide an opportunity for well-qualified students to undertake an original research project as an apprentice to an active research scientist in basic environmental research. Ten students from throughout the midwestern and eastern areas of the country were accepted into the program. These students selected projects in the areas of marine sciences, biostatistics and epidemiology, and toxicology. The research experience for all these students and their mentors was very positive. The seminars were well attended and the students showed their interest in the presentations and environmental sciences as a whole by presenting the speakers with thoughtful and intuitive questions. This report contains the research project written presentations prepared by the student interns.

McMillan, J. [ed.

1993-12-01

303

University Libraries and Other General Research Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on network activity among university and other general research libraries and information centers presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "The Principles of the Relationship Between National and University Library Collections as a Basis for a Network" by K. W. Humphreys (United…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

304

Toward fostering environmental political participation: framing an agenda for environmental education research  

E-print Network

to influence environmental governance, such as voting, community organizing, activism, communicating that individuals' actions can influence political processes) and politi- cal interest (individuals' willingness participa- tion through education, (2) synthesizes research on the factors that influence political

Edwards, Paul N.

305

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center, Ada, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

U.S. EPA's Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center, Ada, Oklahoma, has reduced its annual energy consumption by 45% by upgrading its building mechanical system and incorporating renewable energy.

Farrar-Nagy, S.; Voss, P.; Van Geet, O.

2006-10-01

306

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HAIPER) is an advanced airborne research platform which is currently being built and modified for application in environmental research. The aircraft is maintained and operated for the National Science Foundation by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo. HIAPER is described as "a new research aircraft with exceptional capabilities." The series of missions for this aircraft, which is scheduled to arrive at NCAR's Jefferson County Airport (JeffCo) facility on Friday, March 11, are beginning in 2005. The website provides information on the research project and the aircraft specifications, as well as photos of the aircraft, a glossary of terms used in aviation and in the atmospheric research community, and links to related websites.

307

EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally- Enhanced Hydropower Turbines: Technical Papers  

SciTech Connect

The EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydropower Turbines was a component of a larger project. The goal of the overall project was to conduct the final developmental engineering required to advance the commercialization of the Alden turbine. As part of this effort, the conference provided a venue to disseminate information on the status of the Alden turbine technology as well as the status of other advanced turbines and research on environmentally-friendly hydropower turbines. The conference was also a product of a federal Memorandum of Understanding among DOE, USBR, and USACE to share technical information on hydropower. The conference was held in Washington, DC on May 19 and 20, 2011 and welcomed over 100 attendees. The Conference Organizing Committee included the federal agencies with a vested interest in hydropower in the U.S. The Committee collaboratively assembled this conference, including topics from each facet of the environmentally-friendly conventional hydropower research community. The conference was successful in illustrating the readiness of environmentally-enhanced hydropower technologies. Furthermore, the topics presented illustrated the need for additional deployment and field testing of these technologies in an effort to promote the growth of environmentally sustainable hydropower in the U.S. and around the world

None

2011-12-01

308

Environmental Education and Research Programs at State Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to obtain systematic information concerning environmentally-oriented instruction and research programs at state universities, the Council on Research Policy and Administration of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges developed a questionnaire for this purpose. The objectives were to obtain information…

Young, Roy A.

309

Environmental Education Research in Southern Africa: Dilemmas of Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These multiple framings of our reflections on environmental education research in southern Africa are written as dilemmas of interpretation that aim to disrupt any temptation to generalise or essentialise its qualities and characteristics. Recognising that research is a textual practice, we use J. M. Coetzee's portrayal of the dilemmas faced by…

Gough, Annette; Gough, Noel

2004-01-01

310

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark NERI Technical Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 602, 2006 Dioxin Air Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 602 Title: Dioxin Air Emission Inventory 1990

311

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 667, 2008 Denmark's National VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 667 Title: Denmark's National Inventory Report

312

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS OF AVALANCHES: PRELIMINARY RESEARCH IN GLACIER NATIONAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS OF AVALANCHES: PRELIMINARY RESEARCH IN GLACIER NATIONAL PARK Site Focus: Balu Pass, Glacier National Park, B.C. Avalanche path near Balu Pass. (Photo Courtesy of: www in avalanche areas? #12;Researchers ¡ Ben Ferrel ¡ Keri Laughlin ¡ Kevin McPhedran ¡ Mark Brown ¡ also thanks

Smith, Dan

313

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived (Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research) and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR (INterferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, Haluk; Zerbini, Susanna; Bastos, Luisa; Becker, Matthias; Meghraoui, Mustapha; Reilinger, Robert

2013-07-01

314

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Ecosystems Research Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research at the Environmental Protection Agency's Ecosystems Research Division (ERD) "includes studies of the behavior of contaminants, nutrients, and biota in environmental systems, and the development of mathematical models to assess the response of aquatic systems, watersheds and landscapes to stresses from natural and anthropogenic sources." The ERD website contains information about a wide variety of research foci including: Nitrogen and Redox Speciation in Environmental Systems; Lock Lake Tidal Marsh Study; Exposure Analysis Modeling System; Oil Spills; Brownfields, and more. The site offers a collection of downloadable publications and fact sheets and lists complete publications from 1995 onward as well. Site visitors will also find contact information for staff, presentation abstracts, information about various research opportunities, and a link to available ERD software.

315

Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center  

EPA Science Inventory

The Kerr Center, situated on 16 acres three miles south of Ada, Oklahoma, houses the Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL). The division develops strategies and technologies to protect and restore grou...

316

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

317

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH OUTLOOK, 1984  

EPA Science Inventory

This document is the ninth in this series of reports to Congress. Research needs identified in this year's report include: Toxic Substances and Pesticides, Hazardous Wastes, Air and Radiation, Energy, Acid Rain, Drinking Water, and Water Quality as well as several other issues wh...

318

Gender and School Achievement in the Caribbean. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the relationship of sex differences, gender and educational attainment has drawn upon biological, psycho-social and more recently, political theories to help explain results that differentiate the performance of boys and girls. This research report addresses the problem of gender differentiated achievement and retention, but…

Kutnick, Peter; Jules, Vena; Layne, Anthony

319

Models for Learning Mathematics, Papers from a Research Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purposes of a model are discussed, then seven papers are presented which demonstrate several different facets of the problems associated with constructing and using models of mathematics learning. In the first paper, the task addressed concerns how to incorporate developmental psychology into perceptions of what is happening in the…

Osborne, Alan R., Ed.; Bradbard, David A., Ed.

320

Parliamentary Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on parliamentary and legislative libraries, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Need for and Use of Parliamentary Papers," a report by Eeva-Maija Tammekann on the results of a 1983 survey of 37 parliamentary libraries (with a 51% response rate) covering types of…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

321

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Regulation, Deregulation & Competition Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers discuss aspects of telecommunications regulation in a deregulated environment. The first paper, "Implementing Telephone Deregulation: The Political Economy of State Regulation in the Post-Divestiture Era" (Paul E. Teske), analyzed the variation in state regulation of local telephone operating companies using regression analyses across…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

322

Authorship of research papers: ethical and professional issues for short?term researchers  

PubMed Central

Although the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has published clear guidance on the authorship of scientific papers, short?term contract research workers, who perform much of the research that is reported in the biomedical literature, are often at a disadvantage in terms of recognition, reward and career progression. This article identifies several professional, ethical and operational issues associated with the assignment of authorship, describes how a university department of primary care set about identifying and responding to the concerns of its contract research staff on authorship and describes a set of guidelines that were produced to deal with the ethical and professional issues raised. These guidelines include directions on how authorship should be negotiated and allocated and how short?term researchers can begin to develop as authors. They also deal with the structures required to support an equitable system, which deals with the needs of short?term researchers in ways that are realistic in the increasingly competitive world of research funding and publication, and may offer a model for more formal guidelines that could form part of institutional research policy. PMID:16816044

Newman, A; Jones, R

2006-01-01

323

Lessons of Researcher-Teacher Co-Design of an Environmental Health Afterschool Club Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the impact of teachers' beliefs about argumentation and their community of practice framed views of teaching on co-designing an environmental health afterschool club curriculum with researchers. Our team collaborated with a group of four middle school teachers, asking them to co-design a club that would facilitate (1)…

Hundal, Savreen; Levin, Daniel M.; Keselman, Alla

2014-01-01

324

Radiological and Environmental Research Division annual report, July 1979-June 1980. [Lead abstract  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for 19 of the 33 papers presented by the Center for Human Radiobiology for the Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report. The 14 items not included are abstracts only and deal with the mechanisms and dosimetry for induction of malignancies by radium. (KRM)

Rowland, R.E.; Stehney, A.F.

1981-05-01

325

SUMMARY OF DRILLING FLUID RESEARCH ACTIVITIES, U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, GULF BREEZE  

EPA Science Inventory

Drilling-fluid related research at the U.S. EPA Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, is summarized. The program is conducted primarily through contracts, grants, and some inhouse projects designed to assess the potential hazard to the marine environment from fluids dis...

326

[Published papers in biomedicine from Argentina. Data on clinical research].  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to provide quantitative data about clinical investigation in Argentina. We searched MEDLINE which is the U.S. National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database that contains more than 18 million references to journal articles in life sciences; 5400 journals in 39 languages are listed. In 2009 almost 850,000 papers were cited in MEDLINE and Argentina provided 0.33% of them, 90% of these in English. The number of papers published in Spanish is diminishing every year and similar results are observed with the German, French and other languages. Using the tools provided by MEDLINE we searched for papers that could be classified as clinical. We restricted our search to the word "patients" in the text and "hospital" in the address provided by the authors. Along the last 10 years, from 2000 to 2009, about 16% of the papers published from Argentina contain the word "patient" and this percentage is reduced to half if we combine the word "patient" with the word "hospital" in the address. If we search for papers written in Spanish with these two restrictions the number is much lower. The number of articles from Argentina followed the upward trend in the total of articles cited in MEDLINE in the last 10 years. This local increase was due to basic investigation papers because the percentage of clinical articles was relatively constant during these years. In conclusion, these data provide a survey of an area with scanty quantitative information. PMID:21550937

Kotsias, Basilio A

2011-01-01

327

ASAS Centennial Paper: Future research in physiology and endocrinology.  

PubMed

Over the next quarter century in North America, the following eventualities are likely for physiology and endocrinology research with agricultural animals. 1) Total funding adjusted for inflation will change little but will come less from public sources, and most of that will be in the context of human health. Much of the privately funded research will be herd specific and remain proprietary. 2) The numbers of MS, PhD, and postdoctoral students probably will decrease, but research in the context of credentialing will remain important. 3) Resources such as expanded databases in genomics and proteomics, and remarkable new tools such as small inhibitory RNA will continue to become available, likely at a faster rate than in the previous 25 yr. 4) The huge amounts of data from production agriculture will make agricultural animals ideal models for some kinds of basic research, such as studying fetal programming, resulting in synergy with more applied research. Most of these experimental animals will be in private production herds and flocks, even when work is publicly funded. 5) The trend toward more interdisciplinary research will continue, especially considering interactions among reproduction, health, nutrition, selective breeding, management factors, and societal concerns; reductionist research probing deeper into cellular and molecular mechanisms will remain important, as will whole-animal approaches. 6) Agricultural animals are a product of evolution plus selective breeding. Insights drawn from the former will aid progress in the latter. One focus of research in physiology and endocrinology will be understanding heterosis, inbreeding depression, and epigenetic effects as it becomes possible to manipulate and identify the allelic structure of individual animals. 7) Additional insightful concepts will evolve that will simplify thinking in some respects, such as the maternal to embryonic shift in transcribed RNA in early embryos; however, animal biology will turn out to be even more complex than most of us currently imagine. PMID:18765843

Seidel, G E

2009-01-01

328

Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational experiment illustrates the electrolysis of water and copper chloride to middle school science students. The electrolysis cell is composed of filter paper soaked with Na[subscript 2]SO[subscript 4] or CuCl[subscript 2] aqueous solution sandwiched, along with a sheet of platinum foil, between two coin-type lithium batteries. When the…

Kamata, Masahiro; Yajima, Seiko

2013-01-01

329

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect, or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health research program emphasizes the validation of appropriate biologic markers and their application to high-priority Agency issues. The rationale for EPA's biomarker research program is presented, and future research directions are discussed. Exposure biomarkers will receive most of the research emphasis in the near term, particularly body burden indicators of exposure to high-priority chemicals, such as benzene, ozone, selected heavy metals, and organophosphate pesticides. Research on effects biomarkers will attempt to validate the relationship between the observed biological effects and adverse health consequences in humans, especially for cancer, pulmonary toxicity, immunotoxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity.

Fowle, J.R. III; Sexton, K. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-11-01

330

Research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes  

PubMed Central

Objective To consider the research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes due to their manufacture, use and disposal. Methods Literature searches were conducted through December 2013. Studies were included in this review if they related to the environmental impacts of e-cigarettes. Results Scientific information on the environmental impacts of e-cigarette manufacturing, use and disposal is very limited. No studies formally evaluated the environmental impacts of the manufacturing process or disposal of components, including batteries. Four studies evaluated potential exposure to secondhand e-cigarette aerosol, an indication of impacts on indoor air quality. A 2010 survey of six e-cigarette models found that none of the products provided disposal instructions for spent cartridges containing nicotine. Notably, some e-cigarette manufacturers claim their e-cigarettes are ‘eco-friendly’ or ‘green’, despite the lack of any supporting data or environmental impact studies. Some authors argue that such advertising may boost sales and increase e-cigarette appeal, especially among adolescents. Conclusions Little is known about the environmental impacts of e-cigarettes, and a number of topics could be further elucidated by additional investigation. These topics include potential environmental impacts related to manufacturing, use and disposal. The environmental impacts of e-cigarette manufacturing will depend upon factory size and the nicotine extracting method used. The environmental impacts of e-cigarette use will include chemical and aerosol exposure in the indoor environment. The environmental impacts of disposal of e-cigarette cartridges (which contain residual nicotine) and disposal of e-cigarettes (which contain batteries) represent yet another environmental concern. PMID:24732165

Chang, Hoshing

2014-01-01

331

Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Winner of the Apple Design Award among other honors, the Paper app is, above all else, beautiful. ItâÂÂs also convenient and user-friendly. Whether youâÂÂre doodling for fun or drawing out plans for a new kitchen, think about bringing your creative energy to your iPad with this hugely popular app. Available for iOS 7.0+.

2014-10-09

332

Responding to Agenda 2020: A technology vision and research agenda for America`s forest, wood and paper industry  

SciTech Connect

This document presents project summaries that demonstrate specific capabilities of interest to the forest, wood and paper industry in areas where PNL offers significant depth of experience or unique expertise. Though PNL possesses a wide range of capabilities across many of the technology-related issues identified by the industry, this document focuses on capabilities that meet the specific forest, wood and paper industry needs of the following research areas: forest inventory; human and environmental effects; energy and environmental tradeoffs; reduction of impacts of liquid effluent; solid wastes; removal of non-process elements in pulp and paper operations; life cycle assessment; and process measurement and controls. In addition, PNL can provide the forest, wood and paper industry with support in areas such as strategic and program planning, stakeholder communications and outreach, budget defense and quality metrics. These are services PNL provides directly to several programs within DOE.

Lang, K.S.

1995-03-01

333

The Institutional Costs of Student Attrition. Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on attrition has focused on the economic consequences of low graduation rates in terms of costs to students and families (from tuition and fees that do not culminate in a credential), lost time, and income and tax losses from low educational attainment in the workforce. However, no systematic attention has been given to another…

Johnson, Nate

2012-01-01

334

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

335

Catastrophe Theory in Higher Education Research. AIR Forum 1981 Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The applicability of catastrophe theory to research in higher education is considered, with several problems that typically appear in the literature presented in a theoretical framework. A catastrophe model is attempted for each. The nature of mathematical modeling and the relationship between modeling continuous systems and discontinuous systems…

Staman, E. Michael

336

SME dependence and coordination in innovation networks RESEARCH PAPER  

E-print Network

;1 INTRODUCTION Many researches have stressed the strong involvement of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs. Keywords: coordination, dependence, small and medium-sized firms, hub firm, innovation network, size #12 networks and even more in the case of networks set up by small firms. This article partially fills this gap

Boyer, Edmond

337

RESEARCH PAPERS accuracy, less noise sensitivity, more flexibility and  

E-print Network

are more popular for their basic advantages of higher DESIGN ENHANCEMENT OF COMBINATIONAL NEURAL NETWORKS research on implementing various kinds of neural networks on the HDL platform in (Ali, & Mohammed, 2010 of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) which have been made possible due to advances in electronics. ANNs have

Fan, Jeffrey

338

Research Paper Timeline Timeline and Due Dates for Writing  

E-print Network

or the Writing Lab in the CSL to get information on how to write in that style. Narrow your topic Critical, make necessary changes. Write thesis statement and supporting points to create a working outline Creative Write your thesis statement to guide your paper and begin pulling out supporting points from your

Kasman, Alex

339

Writing the Research Paper Step-by-Step.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Incremental Method of teaching writing is described. Students examined the increments of the writing of one student. The method is taught through four assignments: examinations of previous student papers, imitations of the correct components, correction of the faulty components, and analysis of revisions. (MLW)

Buehler, Marilyn L.

1988-01-01

340

Miscellaneous Papers Presented at the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 26 miscellaneous conference papers that consider various aspects of telecommunications policy, as follows: (1) "New Communications Systems and Services" (Baer); (2) "Regulatory Incentive Mechanisms and Political Action" (Baron); (3) "Efficiency Issues in Competitive Allocation of the Broadcast Spectrum" (Borenstein); (4)…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

341

National Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on national networks and national libraries and information centers presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Networking Developments in the U.S. at the National Level," in which Warren J. Haas predicts the development of links between existing library bibliographic networks, the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

342

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Computer and Communications Security Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his paper, "European Needs and Attitudes towards Information Security," Richard I. Polis notes that the needs for security in computer systems, telecommunications, and media are rather uniform throughout Western Europe, and are seen as being significantly different from the needs in the United States. Recognition of these needs is, however,…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

343

Winona State University Anthology of K-12 Action Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers are partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Education at Winona State University in Winona, Minnesota. The cohort included a variety of licenser areas that represent most levels and content areas of K-12 education. The students were encouraged to keep their questions and hypothesis directed at…

Sherman, Thomas F., Ed.; Lundquist, Margaret, Ed.

2004-01-01

344

Understudied Education: Toward Building a Homeschooling Research Agenda. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with a brief history of homeschooling in America, this paper discusses literature describing today's population of homeschoolers. Although older, the binary typology offered by Van Galen (1987, 1991) to categorize the motivations of homeschoolers is still utilized in much of the homeschooling literature. Van Galen breaks homeschoolers…

Nemer, Kariane Mari

345

The University of Birmingham - Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Birmingham introduces the goal of its department of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences' (GEES) research to link climate, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology studies in order to build integrated models of fluvial systems. Users can find ample information about the goals and significance in its many projects which include riparian hydroecology, hydrology of cold environments, hydrogeomorphology, and channel sedimentation dynamics. Most of the materials contain an abundance of links to help users fully understand the Earth Surface Systems research. Along with the research of the staff, the site supplies introductions to many of the PhD research students' work.

346

Using a Scientific Paper Format to Foster Problem-Based, Cohort-Learning in Undergraduate Environmental Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Environmental Science at the University of Southern Maine implemented a problem-based, cohort-learning curriculum for undergraduate environmental science majors. The curriculum was based on a five-course sequence patterned after the outline of a scientific paper. Under faculty guidance, students select local environmental…

Wagner, T.; Langley-Turnbaugh, S. J.; Sanford, R.

2006-01-01

347

Research Paper: Natural Language Processing Framework to Assess Clinical Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe authors developed a natural language processing (NLP) framework that could be used to extract clinical findings and diagnoses from dictated physician documentation.DesignDe-identified documentation was made available by i2b2 Bio-informatics research group as a part of their NLP challenge focusing on obesity and its co-morbidities. The authors describe their approach, which used a combination of concept detection, context validation, and

Henry Ware; Charles J. Mullett; V. Jagannathan

2009-01-01

348

Technologies development for environmental restoration and waste management: International university and research institution and industry partnerships  

SciTech Connect

The Institute for Central and Eastern European Cooperative Environmental Research (ICEECER) at Florida State University was formed in 1990 soon after the end of the Cold War. ICEECER consists of a number of joint centers which link FSU, and US as well as international funding agencies, to academic and research institutions in Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia, and the other countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States. Areas of interest include risk assessment, toxicology, contaminated site remediation/characterization, waste management, emergency response, environmental technology development/demonstration/transfer, and some specialized areas of research (e.g., advanced chemical separations). Through ICEECER, numerous international conferences, symposia, training courses, and workshops have also been conducted on a variety of environmental topics. This paper summarizes the mission, structure, and administration of ICEECER and provides information on the projects conducted through this program at FSU.

Herndon, R.C.; Moerlins, J.E.; Kuperberg, J.M.

1996-12-31

349

Group of Eight Response to DIISR Consultation Paper: "Meeting Australia's Research Workforce Needs"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Group of Eight (Go8) welcomes the Government's commitment to developing a comprehensive research workforce strategy. Australia's research capacity and the continuing translation of research into policy, products and services is directly linked to the future productivity of the economy, social wellbeing, environmental outcomes and the nation's…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

350

Changes in Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviour: A Critical Review of Research into the Impacts of Environmental Education Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews research literature on the impact of environmental education initiatives on learners' attitudes, beliefs and behaviours. The review focuses on initiatives involving learners of all ages and school-aged learners in particular. The review shows two things. There is some evidence that environmental education initiatives are…

Gralton, Anna; Sinclair, Mark; Purnell, Ken

2004-01-01

351

Environmental Education Policy Research--Challenges and Ways Research Might Cope with Them  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay examines the relationship between research and policy and, more specifically, how researchers might relate to policy work. Given the current international policy focus on climate change, green growth and sustainability in general, it argues for strengthening and widening policy research in the areas of Environmental Education (EE),…

Laessoe, Jeppe; Feinstein, Noah Weeth; Blum, Nicole

2013-01-01

352

Genomics:GTL Bioenergy Research Centers White Paper  

SciTech Connect

In his Advanced Energy Initiative announced in January 2006, President George W. Bush committed the nation to new efforts to develop alternative sources of energy to replace imported oil and fossil fuels. Developing cost-effective and energy-efficient methods of producing renewable alternative fuels such as cellulosic ethanol from biomass and solar-derived biofuels will require transformational breakthroughs in science and technology. Incremental improvements in current bioenergy production methods will not suffice. The Genomics:GTL Bioenergy Research Centers will be dedicated to fundamental research on microbe and plant systems with the goal of developing knowledge that will advance biotechnology-based strategies for biofuels production. The aim is to spur substantial progress toward cost-effective production of biologically based renewable energy sources. This document describes the rationale for the establishment of the centers and their objectives in light of the U.S. Department of Energy's mission and goals. Developing energy-efficient and cost-effective methods of producing alternative fuels such as cellulosic ethanol from biomass will require transformational breakthroughs in science and technology. Incremental improvements in current bioenergy-production methods will not suffice. The focus on microbes (for cellular mechanisms) and plants (for source biomass) fundamentally exploits capabilities well known to exist in the microbial world. Thus 'proof of concept' is not required, but considerable basic research into these capabilities remains an urgent priority. Several developments have converged in recent years to suggest that systems biology research into microbes and plants promises solutions that will overcome critical roadblocks on the path to cost-effective, large-scale production of cellulosic ethanol and other renewable energy from biomass. The ability to rapidly sequence the DNA of any organism is a critical part of these new capabilities, but it is only a first step. Other advances include the growing number of high-throughput techniques for protein production and characterization; a range of new instrumentation for observing proteins and other cell constituents; the rapid growth of commercially available reagents for protein production; a new generation of high-intensity light sources that provide precision imaging on the nanoscale and allow observation of molecular interactions in ultrafast time intervals; major advances in computational capability; and the continually increasing numbers of these instruments and technologies within the national laboratory infrastructure, at universities, and in private industry. All these developments expand our ability to elucidate mechanisms present in living cells, but much more remains to be done. The Centers are designed to accomplish GTL program objectives more rapidly, more effectively, and at reduced cost by concentrating appropriate technologies and scientific expertise, from genome sequence to an integrated systems understanding of the pathways and internal structures of microbes and plants most relevant to developing bioenergy compounds. The Centers will seek to understand the principles underlying the structural and functional design of selected microbial, plant, and molecular systems. This will be accomplished by building technological pathways linking the genome-determined components in an organism with bioenergy-relevant cellular systems that can be characterized sufficiently to generate realistic options for biofuel development. In addition, especially in addressing what are believed to be nearer-term approaches to renewable energy (e.g., producing cellulosic ethanol cost-effectively and energy-efficiently), the Center research team must understand in depth the current industrial-level roadblocks and bottlenecks (see section, GTL's Vision for Biological Energy Alternatives, below). For the Centers, and indeed the entire BER effort, to be successful, Center research must be integrated with individual investigator research, and coordination of activities,

Mansfield, Betty Kay [ORNL; Alton, Anita Jean [ORNL; Andrews, Shirley H [ORNL; Bownas, Jennifer Lynn [ORNL; Casey, Denise [ORNL; Martin, Sheryl A [ORNL; Mills, Marissa [ORNL; Nylander, Kim [ORNL; Wyrick, Judy M [ORNL; Drell, Dr. Daniel [Office of Science, Department of Energy; Weatherwax, Sharlene [U.S. Department of Energy; Carruthers, Julie [U.S. Department of Energy

2006-08-01

353

Environmental Systems Research Candidates Program--FY2000 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program, which is scheduled to end September 2001, was established in April 2000 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to provide key science and technology to meet the clean-up mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management, and perform research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the progress and accomplishments of the ESRC Program from April through September 2000. The ESRC Program consists of 24 tasks subdivided within four research areas: A. Environmental Characterization Science and Technology. This research explores new data acquisition, processing, and interpretation methods that support cleanup and long-term stewardship decisions. B. Subsurface Understanding. This research expands understanding of the biology, chemistry, physics, hydrology, and geology needed to improve models of contamination problems in the earth’s subsurface. C. Environmental Computational Modeling. This research develops INEEL computing capability for modeling subsurface contaminants and contaminated facilities. D. Environmental Systems Science and Technology. This research explores novel processes to treat waste and decontaminate facilities. Our accomplishments during FY 2000 include the following: • We determined, through analysis of samples taken in and around the INEEL site, that mercury emissions from the INEEL calciner have not raised regional off-INEEL mercury contamination levels above normal background. • We have initially demonstrated the use of x-ray fluorescence to image uranium and heavy metal concentrations in soil samples. • We increased our understanding of the subsurface environment; applying mathematical complexity theory to the problem of transport of subsurface contaminants. • We upgraded the INEEL’s high-speed computer link to offsite supercomputers from T1 (1.5 MB/s) to DS3 (45 MB/s). Procurements have initiated a further upgrade to OC3 (155 MB/s) with additional onsite computational power that should put the INEEL on the Top 500 Supercomputing Sites list. • We developed advanced decontamination, decommissioning, and dismantlement techniques, including the Decontamination, Decommissioning, and Remediation Optimal Planning System.

Piet, Steven James

2001-01-01

354

Toward an integrated approach to nutritional quality, environmental sustainability, and economic viability: research and measurement gaps.  

PubMed

Nutrition is affected by numerous environmental and societal causes. This paper starts with a simple framework based on three domains: nutritional quality, economic viability, and environmental sustainability, and calls for an integrated approach in research to simultaneously account for all three. It highlights limitations in the current understanding of each domain, and how they influence one another. Five research topics are identified: measuring the three domains (nutritional quality, economic viability, environmental sustainability); modeling across disciplines; furthering the analysis of food systems in relation to the three domains; connecting climate change and variability to nutritional quality; and increasing attention to inequities among population groups in relation to the three domains. For an integrated approach to be developed, there is a need to identify and disseminate available metrics, modeling techniques, and tools to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. This is a first step so that a systems approach that takes into account potential environmental and economic trade-offs becomes the norm in analyzing nutrition and food-security patterns. Such an approach will help fill critical knowledge gaps and will guide researchers seeking to define and address specific research questions in nutrition in their wider socioeconomic and environmental contexts. PMID:25351044

Herforth, Anna; Frongillo, Edward A; Sassi, Franco; Mclean, Mireille Seneclauze; Arabi, Mandana; Tirado, Cristina; Remans, Roseline; Mantilla, Gilma; Thomson, Madeleine; Pingali, Prabhu

2014-12-01

355

Personalized Exposure Assessment: Promising Approaches for Human Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

New technologies and methods for assessing human exposure to chemicals, dietary and lifestyle factors, infectious agents, and other stressors provide an opportunity to extend the range of human health investigations and advance our understanding of the relationship between environmental exposure and disease. An ad hoc Committee on Environmental Exposure Technology Development was convened to identify new technologies and methods for deriving personalized exposure measurements for application to environmental health studies. The committee identified a “toolbox” of methods for measuring external (environmental) and internal (biologic) exposure and assessing human behaviors that influence the likelihood of exposure to environmental agents. The methods use environmental sensors, geographic information systems, biologic sensors, toxicogenomics, and body burden (biologic) measurements. We discuss each of the methods in relation to current use in human health research; specific gaps in the development, validation, and application of the methods are highlighted. We also present a conceptual framework for moving these technologies into use and acceptance by the scientific community. The framework focuses on understanding complex human diseases using an integrated approach to exposure assessment to define particular exposure–disease relationships and the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in disease occurrence. Improved methods for exposure assessment will result in better means of monitoring and targeting intervention and prevention programs. PMID:16002370

Weis, Brenda K.; Balshaw, David; Barr, John R.; Brown, David; Ellisman, Mark; Lioy, Paul; Omenn, Gilbert; Potter, John D.; Smith, Martyn T.; Sohn, Lydia; Suk, William A.; Sumner, Susan; Swenberg, James; Walt, David R.; Watkins, Simon; Thompson, Claudia; Wilson, Samuel H.

2005-01-01

356

The NASA Ames Closed Environmental Research Chamber: Present Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Closed Environmental Research Chamber (CERC) at the NASA Ames Research Center was created to investigate both components and complete systems for life support of advanced space exploration missions. This facility includes a Main Chamber, an Airlock, a Sample Transfer Lock, a Vacuum System, an Air Recompression System, a dedicated control room and a pit area for housing supporting and environmental control systems. The Main Chamber provides 310 sq ft of internal working/living space on two levels. It is planned that the CERC will be a human-rated facility for habitation simulation under mass balance closure conditions. The internal pressure will be variable over the range of 14.7 psia to 5 psia with accompanying capability for variation in atmosphere composition to maintain the oxygen partial pressure at 160 mm Hg. The CERC will be provided with a core set of primary life support subsystems for temperature and humidity control, C02 removal and trace contaminant control. Interfacing with external life support technology test bds with be provided, along with connection to centralized, microprocessor-based data acquisition and control systems. This paper will discuss the current status of the CERC facility and show how it is being used to address the advanced technology requirements necessary to implement an integrated working and living environment for a planetary habitat. In particular, it will be shown how the CERC, along with a human-powered centrifuge, a planetary terrain simulator and advanced displays and a virtual reality capability will work together to develop and demonstration applicable technologies for future planetary habitats. Artificial intelligence and expert system programming techniques will be used extensively to provide an automated environment for a 4-person crew. There will be several robotic mechanisms performing exploration tasks external to the habitat that will be controlled through the virtual environment to provide representative workloads for the crew. Finally, there will be a discussion of how effective are innovative new multidisciplinary test facilities to the investigation of the wide range of human and machine problems inherent in exploration missions.

Gross, Anthony R.; Korsmeyer, David J.; Harper, Lynn D.; Force, Edwin L.

1994-01-01

357

Health and Environmental Research: summary of accomplishments. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This is an account of some of the accomplishments of the health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Both direct and indirect societal benefits emerged from the new knowledge provided by the health and environmental research program. In many cases, the private sector took this knowledge and applied it well beyond the mission of supporting the defense and energy needs of the Nation. Industrial and medical applications, for example, have in several instances provided annual savings to society of $100 million or more. The form of this presentation is, in fact, through ''snapshots'' - examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of the areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The program's worth is not necessarily confined to such accomplishments; it extends, rather, to its ability to identify and help solve potential health and environmental problems before they become critical. This anticipatory mission has been pursued with an approach that combines applied problem solving with a commitment to fundamental research that is long-term and high-risk. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

Not Available

1986-08-01

358

RESEARCH Open Access Environmental determinant of malaria cases  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Environmental determinant of malaria cases among travellers GaĂŤtan Texier1: Approximately 125 million travellers visit malaria-endemic countries annually and about 10,000 cases of malaria are reported after returning home. Due to the fact that malaria is insect vector transmitted, the environment

Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂŠ de

359

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The EPA health research program places a high priority on

J. R. Fowle; K. Sexton

1992-01-01

360

Research in the College of Life and Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

and Environmental Sciences (GEES); Sport and Exercise Sciences; and Psychology. 3 We span an enormous breadth (HEFCE) confirmed the pre-eminence of our School of Psychology, with 80% of our research falling and Computer Sciences and the College of Medical and Dental Sciences); and Resilience and Urban Living

Birmingham, University of

361

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) GROUND-WATER RESEARCH PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's ground-water research programs are described. The programs focus on protection of ground-water resources by eliminating or controlling sources of contamination; understanding and predicting the movement and attenuation of contaminants in...

362

ISERV Pathfinder. The ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SERVIR integrates Earth observations (e.g., space imagery), predictive models, and in situ data to provide timely information products to support environmental decision makers. ISERV propoesed development -- ISERV-W: Internal Visible/Near-Infrared (VNIR), attached to ISS via Window Observational Research Facility (WORF), ISERV-E: External Visible/Broad-Infrared (V/IR) and ISERV-PM: External Passive Microwave.

Howell, Burgess

2011-01-01

363

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 675, 2008 Annual Danish Emission Inventory Report to UNECE Inventories. Plejdrup Jytte Boll Illerup #12;'DWD VKHHW Series title and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 675 Title

364

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark  

E-print Network

National Environmental Research Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No Institute University of Aarhus . Denmark NERI Technical Report No. 652, 2008 A preliminary strategic David Boertmann Gert Asmund Christian Glahder Mikkel Tamstorf #12;Data sheet Series title and no.: NERI

365

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

on Climate Change, 1990-2004 NERI Technical Report No. 589 #12;(Blank page) #12;National Environmental 2006 Submitted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1990-2004 NERI Research Institute. 2) Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning. Serial title and no.: NERI

366

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

in the Atmosphere AMAP- Nuuk, Westgreenland 2002-2004 NERI Technical Report, No. 547 #12;[Tom side] #12;National, Westgreenland 2002-2004 NERI Technical Report, No. 547 2005 Henrik Skov Rossana Bossi Peter Wühlin Jørgen and no.: NERI Technical Report No. 547 Publisher: National Environmental Research Institute Ministry

367

National Environmental Research Institute Ministry of the Environment . Denmark  

E-print Network

: http://www.neri.dk Editing complete: August 2006 Year of publication: November 2006 Accepted for public and Biodiversity, NERI, and Dept. of Population Biology, University of Copenhagen. National Environmental Research offshore wind farm, mortality, Denmark. Layout and drawings: NERI Graphics Group, Silkeborg Front page

368

GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS TOOL FOR HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (GATHER)  

EPA Science Inventory

GATHER, Geographic Analysis Tool for Health and Environmental Research, is an online spatial data access system that provides members of the public health community and general public access to spatial data that is pertinent to the analysis and exploration of public health issues...

369

Environmental Research In Practice: Restoration And Protection Of Water Resources  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is tasked to protect human health and the environment. To carry out this task, the EPA makes use of technical expertise within its Office of Research and Development. Restoration and protection of water resources is one area of tec...

370

International Research Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling: Problems, Prospects, and Research Needs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 4th International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (GIS/EM4) was convened in Banff, Canada, September 2-8, 2000 at The Banff Centre for Conferences. The meeting's purpose, like it's predecessors was to reformulate, each three to four years, the collaborative research agenda for integrating spatio-temporal analysis with environmental simulation modeling.

Parks, Bradley

2001-01-01

371

Environmental Survey Report for ORNL: Small Mammal Abundance and Distribution Survey Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 2009 - 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes a 1-year small mammal biodiversity survey conducted on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The task was implemented through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Natural Resources Management Program and included researchers from the ORNL Environmental Sciences Division, interns in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Higher Education Research Experiences Program,

Neil R Giffen; R. Scott Reasor; Claire L. Campbell

2009-01-01

372

Review Article: The Interdisciplinary Research Project in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concerns an attempt to develop an interdisciplinary environment-oriented program in a Canadian graduate school. A problem-solving approach was utilized in a study of the environmental aspects of the pulp and paper industry. The success of this project coincided with a growing interdisciplinary trend in other universities. (MA)

Berkes, Fikret; Butler, M. J. A.

1975-01-01

373

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY - AN ANNUAL REPORT OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2000  

EPA Science Inventory

This Annual Report showcases some of the research activities of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in various health and environmental effects research areas. The report is an indicator of the examples of progress and accomplishments that ...

374

AUTOMATED DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEM BOLSTERS EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) AIR POLLUTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of advanced microcomputer technology to the research laboratory has enhanced the way scientists design and perform experiments. Here at the Environmental Research Laboratory of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Corvallis, Oregon, we are researching the ...

375

Reconfiguring the Role of the Research Paper: Collaborative Writing To Teach Basic Academic Research and Writing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year that the author of this paper, an English instructor at Moorhead College (Minnesota), teaches the first-year "research paper," one instructor turns more and more to collaborative writing work. And she admits that some of her motives in reshaping the research paper in collaborative ways can seem to be based in assisting herself as a…

Fleming, Michelle M.

376

The concept of externality: Implications for TVA Environmental Research Center  

SciTech Connect

Pollution of the environment is a result of the economic activities of production and consumption. And although the market system is touted as the superior method of organizing and operating an economic system, society frequently is dissatisfied with some of the side effects. In these cases of market failure, a cry for intervention often is raised to obtain more socially-desirable solutions. Environmental pollution is one symptom of market failure. If the TVA Environmental Research Center is to focus on defining solutions to environmental problems and designing policy options for implementing such solutions, its efforts should benefit from an understanding of why the market fails and how it may be adjusted to produce more socially-desirable results. The purposes of this report are to: (1) promote an appreciation for and understanding of the concept of externality; (2) demonstrate the utility of the concept in the design and packaging of policy and technology for improved environmental performance; (3) provide a brief summary of the externality valuation issue currently being debated by the electric power industry; and (4) identify environmental research and development agenda opportunities or strategic considerations suggested for the Center by this review.

Foster, T.H.

1994-06-01

377

What makes a good paper? CS6101 Exploration of Computer Science Research  

E-print Network

What makes a good paper? CS6101 Exploration of Computer Science Research Leow Wee Kheng Department of Computer Science, School of Computing CS6101 What makes a good paper? 1 #12;Recall a crappy paper... CS6101 What makes a good paper? 2 #12;"Good" paper means... Different meanings of "good": Ground

Leow, Wee Kheng

378

Scientific integrity: critical issues in environmental health research  

PubMed Central

Environmental health research is a relatively new scientific area with much interdisciplinary collaboration. Regardless of which human population is included in field studies (e.g., general population, working population, children, elderly, vulnerable sub-groups, etc.) their conduct must guarantee well acknowledged ethical principles. These principles, along with codes of conduct, are aimed at protecting study participants from research-related undesired effects and guarantee research integrity. A central role is attributed to the need for informing potential participants (i.e., recruited subjects who may be enrolled in a study), obtaining their written informed consent to participate, and making them aware of their right to refuse to participate at any time and for any reason. Data protection is also required and communication of study findings must respect participant's willingness to know or not know. This is specifically relevant for studies including biological markers and/or storing biological samples that might be analysed years later to tackle research objectives that were specified and communicated to participants at the time of recruitment or that may be formulated after consent was obtained. Integrity is central to environmental health research searching for causal relations. It requires open communication and trust and any violation (i.e., research misconduct, including fabrication or falsification of data, plagiarism, conflicting interests, etc.) may endanger the societal trust in the research community as well as jeopardize participation rates in field projects. PMID:18541075

Merlo, Domenico Franco; Vahakangas, Kirsi; Knudsen, Lisbeth E

2008-01-01

379

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

380

The Content Analysis of the Research Papers on Foreign Language Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the trends of recent research papers in foreign language teaching in Turkish context and to give ideas to researchers and policy makers for future studies. Content Analysis method was used in this study. The focus of the study was 189 research papers published between 2009-2013 years in journals indexed…

Solak, Ekrem

2014-01-01

381

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

382

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The EPA health research program places a high priority on the validation of appropriate biologic markers and their application to high priority Agency issues. The rationale for EPA's biomarker research program is presented and future research directions are discussed. Exposure biomarkers will receive most of the research emphasis in the near term, particularly body burden indicators of exposures to high priority chemicals, such as benzene, ozone, selected heavy metals, and organophosphate pesticides. Research on effects biomarkers will attempt to validate the relationship between the observed biological effects and adverse health consequences in humans, especially for cancer, pulmonary toxicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity.

Fowle, J.R.; Sexton, K.

1992-01-01

383

Research Experience for Undergraduates Program in Multidisciplinary Environmental Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During summers 2011 and 12 Montclair State University hosted a Research Experience for Undergraduates Program (REU) in transdisciplinary, hands-on, field-oriented research in environmental sciences. Participants were housed at the Montclair State University's field station situated in the middle of 30,000 acres of mature forest, mountain ridges and freshwater streams and lakes within the Kittatinny Mountains of Northwest New Jersey, Program emphases were placed on development of project planning skills, analytical skills, creativity, critical thinking and scientific report preparation. Ten students were recruited in spring with special focus on recruiting students from underrepresented groups and community colleges. Students were matched with their individual research interests including hydrology, erosion and sedimentation, environmental chemistry, and ecology. In addition to research activities, lectures, educational and recreational field trips, and discussion on environmental ethics and social justice played an important part of the program. The ultimate goal of the program is to facilitate participants' professional growth and to stimulate the participants' interests in pursuing Earth Science as the future career of the participants.

Wu, M. S.

2012-12-01

384

The age of citizen science: Stimulating future environmental research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public awareness of the state of the ocean is growing with issues such as climate change, over-harvesting, marine pollution, coral bleaching, ocean acidification and sea level rise appearing regularly in popular media outlets. Society is also placing greater value on the range of ecosystem services the ocean provides. This increased consciousness of environmental change due to a combination of anthropogenic activities and impacts from climate change offers scientists the opportunity of engaging citizens in environmental research. The term citizen science refers to scientific research carried out by citizens and led by professionals, which involves large scale data collection whilst simultaneously engaging and educating those who participate. Most projects that engage citizen scientists have been specifically designed to provide an educational benefit to the volunteer and benefit the scientific inquiry by collecting extensive data sets over large geographical areas. Engaging the public in environmental science is not a new concept and successful projects (such as the Audobon Christmas Bird Count and Earthwatch) have been running for several decades resulting in hundreds of thousands of people conducting long-term field research in partnership with scientists based at universities worldwide. The realm of citizen science projects is continually expanding, with public engagement options ranging from science online; to backyard afternoon studies; to fully immersive experiential learning projects running for weeks at a time. Some organisations, such as Earthwatch also work in partnership with private industry; giving scientists access to more funding opportunities than those avenues traditionally available. These scientist -industry partnerships provide mutual benefits as the results of research projects in environments such as coastal ecosystems feed directly back into business risk strategies; for example mitigating shoreline erosion, storm surges, over fishing and warming water temperatures. Citizen science projects fulfill the requirements of government granting institutions for outreach and scientific communication. This presentation will highlight marine research projects, which have not only engaged citizens in the scientific process but also discuss the impacts of associated outreach, capacity building and community environmental stewardship.

Burgess, S. N.

2010-12-01

385

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) OIL SHALE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper is an overview of EPA's oil shale research activities. In spite of substantial cutbacks in the program, several new projects should not only be of interest to developers and researchers but also support future regulatory and permitting decisions by the Agency. New activ...

386

Biological sample collections from minors for genetic research: a systematic review of guidelines and position papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stored tissue samples are an important resource for epidemiological genetic research. Genetic research on biological material from minors can yield valuable information on the development and genesis of early-onset genetic disorders and the early interaction of environmental and genetic factors. The use of such tissue raises some specific ethical and governance questions, which are not completely covered by the discussion

Kristien Hens; Herman Nys; Jean-Jacques Cassiman; Kris Dierickx

2009-01-01

387

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter Research Focusing on the Past 25 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) celebrated its 50th anniversary on July 1, 2011. This article reviews its history, evolution, and transition of its research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr. During the 1990s, USARIEM published a series of…

Pandolf, Kent B.; Francesconi, Ralph; Sawka, Michael N.; Cymerman, Allen; Hoyt, Reed W.; Young, Andrew J.; Zambraski, Edward J.

2011-01-01

388

FRESHWATER FINDINGS, 1979-1982: RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, DULUTH, MINNESOTA  

EPA Science Inventory

This report contains citations of publications for the years 1979-1982 on research conducted or supported by the Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. All published material has been organized into two major categories: (1) Journal Articles, Book Chapters, Proceedings, etc., ...

389

Research in Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Germany: The State of the Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the state of the art in German research on environmental education and education for sustainable development (ESD). Empirical German research on the importance of environmental education and ESD for schools is analysed in relation to three research fields. First, survey research describes the practice of environmental…

Seybold, Hansjorg; Rieb, Werner

2006-01-01

390

Brief description of research papers accepted for publication during 1979. Annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brief descriptions of research papers in radiobiology, biochemistry, metabolism, and biophysics published during 1979 are presented. The research was conducted by investigators in the Dept. of Radiation Biology and Biophysics. (ACR)

1980-01-01

391

Critical Choices: From Adolescence to Maturity in Higher Education Research. ASHE 1986 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purposes of research in higher education, the issue of research paradigms, and the identification of research questions are discussed in this keynote panel paper. Different purposes of research include conceptual and theoretical development, relating theory and practice, and improving practice. Higher education as a field has not yet given much…

Peterson, Marvin W.

392

Paper for the 5th Annual Acquisition Research Symposium, 14-15 May 2008  

E-print Network

Institute for Software Research University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA 92697-3455 USA {wscacchi at the Institute for Software Research, University of California, Irvine. He received a Ph.D. in Information more than 150 research papers, and has directed 45 externally funded research projects. In 2007, he

Scacchi, Walt

393

Faculty Perspectives on Teaching at a Research University. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the status and role of teaching faculty at research-intensive universities. After agreeing that research was the dominant element in the university's reward system, a case study format was used to examine the attitudes of 11 active and 18 less-active researchers at a large public research institution regarding their own…

Serow, Robert C.; Demery, James

394

Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. Environmental Impact Statement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an institutional environmental impact statement relating to the overall operation of the NASA, Flight Research Center. The Center is located in Kern County, California, approximately 100 miles northeast of Los Angeles. Flight activities relate primarily to areas in the vicinity of Los Angeles, Kern, Inyo and San Bernardino counties in Southern California; and to areas in Southern Nevada (principally Nye and Clark counties. Operations of the Flight Research Center have a very neglibible impact on the environment; and they are planned and controlled to eliminate or minimize effects on water, air and noise.

1971-01-01

395

CNR LARA project, Italy: Airborne laboratory for environmental research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The increasing interest for the environmental problems and the study of the impact on the environment due to antropic activity produced an enhancement of remote sensing applications. The Italian National Research Council (CNR) established a new laboratory for airborne hyperspectral imaging, the LARA Project (Laboratorio Aero per Ricerche Ambientali - Airborne Laboratory for Environmental Research), equipping its airborne laboratory, a CASA-212, mainly with the Daedalus AA5000 MIVIS (Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer) instrument. MIVIS's channels, spectral bandwidths, and locations are chosen to meet the needs of scientific research for advanced applications of remote sensing data. MIVIS can make significant contributions to solving problems in many diverse areas such as geologic exploration, land use studies, mineralogy, agricultural crop studies, energy loss analysis, pollution assessment, volcanology, forest fire management and others. The broad spectral range and the many discrete narrow channels of MIVIS provide a fine quantization of spectral information that permits accurate definition of absorption features from a variety of materials, allowing the extraction of chemical and physical information of our environment. The availability of such a hyperspectral imager, that will operate mainly in the Mediterranean area, at the present represents a unique opportunity for those who are involved in environmental studies and land-management to collect systematically large-scale and high spectral-spatial resolution data of this part of the world. Nevertheless, MIVIS deployments will touch other parts of the world, where a major interest from the international scientific community is present.

Bianchi, R.; Cavalli, R. M.; Fiumi, L.; Marino, C. M.; Pignatti, S.

1995-01-01

396

REU Site: Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science offers undergraduate students a unique opportunity to actively experience field research in Environmental Science in a premier National Park, over a nine-week period in the summer. The Yosemite REU is a collaboration between three institutions: the University of California at Merced, Yosemite National Park, and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. Student activities mainly consist of individual research projects, spanning a broad range of disciplines such as Ecology, Geosciences, Biodiversity, Conservation, Restoration, and Hydrology. All projects include a strong field component. Students are exposed to the benefits of multi-disciplinary research in weekly meetings in which all students talk about their most recent work. Students present their research in Yosemite Valley at the end of the program before a public audience (including visitors). Research training is provided by mentors from UC Merced (Schools of Natural Sciences, Engineering, and Social Sciences) and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. In addition to their interactions with their mentors and other faculty, students have opportunities to meet with NPS professionals engaged in park-related activities, to learn more about the integration of science with resources management and about potential careers in research and science outside academia. Students also participate in field trips led by UCM, USGS, and NPS scientists, focusing on Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada. Students attend a weekly seminar in Environmental Science with a broad diversity of speakers, including researchers as well as other science-related professionals, such as freelance science writers and illustrators, as well as NPS scientists and staff. Finally, student participants engage in several other activities, including outreach (e.g., a day-long meeting with high-school Central Valley students from underrepresented minorities). The Yosemite REU has already run for 2 years (with funds still available for another summer in 2010). Each year, eight students have been selected from a large pool of at least 150 complete applications, nationwide (with about 20 to 25% being students from under-represented minorities). Each year, five students out of eight have been from under-represented minorities.

Conklin, M. H.; Dayrat, B.

2009-12-01

397

Bridging Research and Environmental Regulatory Processes: The Role of Knowledge Brokers  

PubMed Central

Federal funding agencies increasingly require research investigators to ensure that federally-sponsored research demonstrates broader societal impact. Specifically, the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Superfund Research Program (SRP) requires research centers to include research translation and community engagement cores to achieve broader impacts, with special emphasis on improving environmental health policies through better scientific understanding. This paper draws on theoretical insights from the social sciences to show how incorporating knowledge brokers in research centers can facilitate translation of scientific expertise to influence regulatory processes and thus promote public health. Knowledge brokers connect academic researchers with decision-makers, to facilitate the translation of research findings into policies and programs. In this article, we describe the stages of the regulatory process and highlight the role of the knowledge broker and scientific expert at each stage. We illustrate the cooperation of knowledge brokers, scientific experts and policymakers using a case from the Brown University (Brown) SRP. We show how the Brown SRP incorporated knowledge brokers to engage scientific experts with regulatory officials around the emerging public health problem of vapor intrusion. In the Brown SRP, the knowledge broker brought regulatory officials into the research process, to help scientific experts understand the critical nature of this emerging public health threat, and helped scientific experts develop a research agenda that would inform the development of timely measures to protect public health. Our experience shows that knowledge brokers can enhance the impact of environmental research on public health by connecting policy decision-makers with scientific experts at critical points throughout the regulatory process. PMID:24083557

Pennell, Kelly G.; Thompson, Marcella; Rice, James W.; Senier, Laura; Brown, Phil; Suuberg, Eric

2013-01-01

398

Analysis and Synthesis of Research on Responsible Environmental Behavior: A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the wealth of information which exists concerning environmental behavior, it is not known which variable or variables appear to be most influential in motivating individuals to take responsible environmental action. A meta-analysis of environmental behavior research was undertaken in an attempt to determine this. An exhaustive search of the empirically based environmental behavior research conducted over the past decade

Jody M. Hines; Harold R. Hungerford; Audrey N. Tomera

1987-01-01

399

Assessing the benefits of OHER (Office of Health and Environmental Research) research: Three case studies  

SciTech Connect

This research was undertaken to estimate the societal benefits and costs of selected past research performed for the Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Three case studies of representative OHER and DOE research were performed. One of these, the acid rain case study, includes research conducted elsewhere in DOE. The other two cases were the OHER marine research program and the development of high-purity germanium that is used in radiation detectors. The acid rain case study looked at the research benefits and costs of furnace sorbent injection and duct injection, technologies that might reduce acid deposition precursors. Both appear to show benefits in excess of costs. We examined in detail one of the OHER marine research program's accomplishments - the increase in environmental information used by the Outer Continental Shelf leasing program to manage bidding for off-shore oil drilling. The results of an econometric model show that environmental information of the type supported by OHER is unequivocally linked to government and industry leasing decisions. The germanium case study indicated that the benefits of germanium radiation detectors were significant.

Nesse, R.J.; Callaway, J.M.; Englin, J.E.; Klan, M.S.; Nicholls, A.K.; Serot, D.E.

1987-09-01

400

#### ###### (1999). D55, 15391545 Snook & Wallace # Antiamoebin I 1539 research papers  

E-print Network

#### ###### (1999). D55, 1539¹1545 Snook & Wallace # Antiamoebin I 1539 research papers Acta of an intermediate-sized helical polypeptide, antiamoebin I C. F. Snook² and B. A. Wallace* Department, a number of intermediate-sized #12; research papers 1540 Snook & Wallace # Antiamoebin I #### ###### (1999

Wallace, Bonnie Ann

401

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4940 Cognitive and Behavioral Challenges  

E-print Network

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4940 Cognitive and Behavioral Challenges in Responding to Climate Change Kari Marie Norgaard The World Bank Development Economics World Development Report Team May 2009 BackgRound PaPeR to the 2010 WoRld develoPment RePoRt WPS4940 #12;Produced by the Research Support Team

402

Writing Cover Letters That Address Instructor Feedback Improves Final Papers in a Research Methods Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined how writing cover letters to the instructor influenced final papers in research methods courses. After receiving instructor feedback on drafts of each section of an American Psychological Association style research paper throughout the semester, students in two classes wrote cover letters to the instructor explaining how the instructor…

Daniel, Frances; Gaze, Catherine M.; Braasch, Jason L. G.

2015-01-01

403

The Readability of Published, Accepted, and Rejected Papers Appearing in "College & Research Libraries."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that examined the readability of papers "College and Research Libraries" accepted, rejected, and published for 1990 and 1991. Results showing a statistically significant difference for the text of papers but not for abstracts are reported, and topics for further research are suggested. (Contains six references.) (EAM)

Metoyer-Duran, Cheryl

1993-01-01

404

Kairos: Proactive Harvesting of Research Paper Metadata from Scientific Conference Web Sites  

E-print Network

Kairos: Proactive Harvesting of Research Paper Metadata from Scientific Conference Web Sites Markus@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract. We investigate the automatic harvesting of research paper metadata from recent scholarly events. Our system, Kairos, combines a focused crawler and an information extraction engine, to convert a list

Kan, Min-Yen

405

Collaborative research and health effects of environmental pollutants. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report is designed as an overview of more than five years of collaborative work intended to: (1) Provide EPA scientists with a ready means of access to University faculty and facilities and to enhance the intensity and frequency of interactions between EPA and UNC scientists; (2) Enrich the scientific milieu for EPA scientists; (3) Perform collaborative research in areas relevant to EPA's mission, especially in the air program; (4) Undertake research that could not be readily accomplished by EPA with its existing personnel - both in the area of development and application of techniques, and in the performance of research; (5) Provide access to diseased as well as normal human subjects, including children, in order to study sensitive as well as normal populations challenged with inhaled pollutants in highly controlled environmental exposure chambers.

Bromberg, P.A.

1987-07-01

406

Environmental effects research. Environmental Research Division annual report, January-December 1983. Part 3  

SciTech Connect

The Terrestrial Ecology group continued its involvement in the National Crop Loss Assessment Network, and studies of O/sub 3/ effects on winter wheat and soybeans were completed. Experiments on O/sub 3/ x SO/sub 2/ interactions on soybeans were also performed. The Microcosms for Acid Rain Studies (MARS) project had its first full year of research and much information concerning acid rain impacts on soil-plant systems was collected. A study of the influence of temporal variations in rain acidity on soybean productivity was also initiated. The aquatic radiochemistry group continued measurements of the mobility of plutonium and americium at a disposal site at Los Alamos and initiated similar work at Hanford. Laboratory tracer experiments were carried out to study the adsorptive behavior of neptunium, the solubility limits of plutonium, and the influence of rare earth concentration on the sorption and redox behavior of plutonium. The soil-plant process group initiated several studies on the influence of mycorrhizae to host plants in disturbed and natural environments. Much of the past research has been concerned with understanding mycorrhizal fungi propagule dynamics as related to disturbances associated with energy extraction. Future research will be directed at understanding how below-ground symbiotic associations may increase the fitness of host plants. Emphasis is being placed on resource acquisition and compartmental strategies. Separate analytics have been indexed for EDB.

Not Available

1984-12-01

407

Adult Education Research Conference Papers (14th, Montreal, Quebec, April 5-6, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers were presented at the Adult Education Research Conference in Saskatchewan: (1) Three Channel Theory of Communication in Small Groups; (2) Communicating with Low Income People: CSCS Research; (3) Focus on the Future: Futurology for Correctional Education; (4) Using Experimental Design in Educational Research in a Volunteer,…

Boyd, Robert; And Others

408

Bioassay-directed chemical analysis in environmental research  

SciTech Connect

The use of short-term bioassay tests in conjunction with analytical measurements, constitute a powerful tool for identifying important environmental contaminants. The authors have coined the terminology bioassay directed chemical analysis to best describe this marriage of analytical chemistry and biology. The objective of this methodology is to identify key compounds in various types of air-pollutant samples. Once that task is completed, studies on metabolism, sources, environmental exposure and atmospheric chemistry can be undertaken. The principles and methodologies for bioassay directed chemical analysis are presented and illustrated in this paper. Most of this work has been directed toward the characterization of ambient air and diesel particulates, which are used as examples in this report to illustrate the analytical logic used for identifying the bio-active components of complex mixtures.

Schuetzle, D.; Lewtas, J.

1986-01-01

409

Communication about scientific uncertainty in environmental nanoparticle research - a comparison of scientific literature and mass media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research about the fate and behavior of engineered nanoparticles in the environment is despite its wide applications still in the early stages. 'There is a high level of scientific uncertainty in nanoparticle research' is often stated in the scientific community. Knowledge about these uncertainties might be of interest to other scientists, experts and laymen. But how could these uncertainties be characterized and are they communicated within the scientific literature and the mass media? To answer these questions, the current state of scientific knowledge about scientific uncertainty through the example of environmental nanoparticle research was characterized and the communication of these uncertainties within the scientific literature is compared with its media coverage in the field of nanotechnologies. The scientific uncertainty within the field of environmental fate of nanoparticles is by method uncertainties and a general lack of data concerning the fate and effects of nanoparticles and their mechanisms in the environment, and by the uncertain transferability of results to the environmental system. In the scientific literature, scientific uncertainties, their sources, and consequences are mentioned with different foci and to a different extent. As expected, the authors in research papers focus on the certainty of specific results within their specific research question, whereas in review papers, the uncertainties due to a general lack of data are emphasized and the sources and consequences are discussed in a broader environmental context. In the mass media, nanotechnology is often framed as rather certain and positive aspects and benefits are emphasized. Although reporting about a new technology, only in one-third of the reports scientific uncertainties are mentioned. Scientific uncertainties are most often mentioned together with risk and they arise primarily from unknown harmful effects to human health. Environmental issues itself are seldom mentioned. Scientific uncertainties, sources, and consequences have been most widely discussed in the review papers. Research papers and mass media tend to emphasize more the certainty of their scientific results or the benefits of the nanotechnology applications. Neither the broad spectrum nor any specifications of uncertainties have been communicated. This indicates that there has been no effective dialogue over scientific uncertainty with the public so far.

Heidmann, Ilona; Milde, Jutta

2014-05-01

410

Environmental equity research: review with focus on outdoor air pollution research methods and analytic tools.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to review environmental equity research on outdoor air pollution and, specifically, methods and tools used in research, published in English, with the aim of recommending the best methods and analytic tools. English language publications from 2000 to 2012 were identified in Google Scholar, Ovid MEDLINE, and PubMed. Research methodologies and results were reviewed and potential deficiencies and knowledge gaps identified. The publications show that exposure to outdoor air pollution differs by social factors, but findings are inconsistent in Canada. In terms of study designs, most were small and ecological and therefore prone to the ecological fallacy. Newer tools such as geographic information systems, modeling, and biomarkers offer improved precision in exposure measurement. Higher-quality research using large, individual-based samples and more precise analytic tools are needed to provide better evidence for policy-making to reduce environmental inequities. PMID:24972259

Miao, Qun; Chen, Dongmei; Buzzelli, Michael; Aronson, Kristan J

2015-01-01

411

Simple, rapid, sensitive, and versatile SWNT-paper sensor for environmental toxin detection competitive with ELISA.  

PubMed

Safety of water was for a long time and still is one of the most pressing needs for many countries and different communities. Despite the fact that there are potentially many methods to evaluate water safety, finding a simple, rapid, versatile, and inexpensive method for detection of toxins in everyday items is still a great challenge. In this study, we extend the concept of composites, impregnated porous fibrous materials, such as fabrics and papers, by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), toward very simple but high-performance biosensors. They utilize the strong dependence of electrical conductivity through nanotubes percolation network on the width of nanotube-nanotube tunneling gap and can potentially satisfy all the requirements outlined above for the routine toxin monitoring. An antibody to the microcystin-LR (MC-LR), one of the common culprits in mass poisonings, was dispersed together with SWNTs. This dispersion was used to dip-coat the paper rendering it conductive. The change in conductivity of the paper was used to sense the MC-LR in the water rapidly and accurately. The method has the linear detection range up to 10 nmol/L and nonlinear detection up to 40 nmol/L. The limit of detection was found to be 0.6 nmol/L (0.6 ng/mL), which satisfies the strictest World Health Organization standard for MC-LR content in drinking water (1 ng/mL) and is comparable to the detection limit of the traditional ELISA method of MC-LR detection, while drastically reducing the time of analysis by more than an order of magnitude, which is one of the major hurdles in practical applications. Similar technology of sensor preparation can also be used for a variety of other rapid environmental sensors. PMID:19928776

Wang, Libing; Chen, Wei; Xu, Dinghua; Shim, Bong Sup; Zhu, Yingyue; Sun, Fengxia; Liu, Liqiang; Peng, Chifang; Jin, Zhengyu; Xu, Chuanlai; Kotov, Nicholas A

2009-12-01

412

Simple, Rapid, Sensitive, and Versatile SWNT-Paper Sensor for Environmental Toxin Detection Competitive with ELISA  

PubMed Central

Safety of water was for a long time and still is one of the most pressing needs for many countries and different communities. Despite the fact that there are potentially many methods to evaluate water safety, finding a simple, rapid, versatile, and inexpensive method for detection of toxins in everyday items is still a great challenge. In this study, we extend the concept of composites obtained impregnation of porous fibrous materials, such as fabrics and papers, by single walled carbon-nanotubes (SWNTs) toward very simple but high-performance biosensors. They utilize the strong dependence of electrical conductivity through nanotubes percolation network on the width of nanotubes-nanotube tunneling gap and can potentially satisfy all the requirements outlined above for the routine toxin monitoring. An antibody to the microcystin-LR (MC-LR), one of the common culprits in mass poisonings, was dispersed together with SWNTs. This dispersion was used to dip-coat the paper rendering it conductive. The change in conductivity of the paper was used to sense the MC-LR in the water rapidly and accurately. The method has the linear detection range up to 10 nmol/L and non-linear detection up to 40 nmol/L. The limit of detection was found to be 0.6 nmol/L (0.6 ng/mL), which satisfies the strictest World Health Organization standard for MC-LR content in drinking water (1 ng/mL), and is comparable to the detection limit of traditional ELISA method of MC-LR detection, while drastically reducing the time of analysis by more than an order of magnitude, which is one of the major hurdles in practical applications. Similar technology of sensor preparation can also be used for a variety of other rapid environmental sensors. PMID:19928776

Wang, Libing; Chen, Wei; Xu, Dinghua; Shim, Bong Sup; Zhu, Yingyue; Sun, Fengxia; Liu, Liqiang; Peng, Chifang; Jin, Zhengyu; Xu, Chuanlai; Kotov, Nicholas A.

2009-01-01

413

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH ON INDOOR AIR QUALITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses EPA's research program on indoor air quality. Now in its third year, it is a broad-based program that includes: field surveys of pollutant concentrations in homes, characterization of emissions from sources, health studies of genotoxic and irritant/neurobehavi...

414

Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), GIS and Mapping Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), a leading Geographic Information System (GIS) software developer and manufacturer, owner of ArcView and ArcInfo software. This site provides a portal to various ESRI support services, such as courses in GIS science, technology and software, examples of GIS maps, downloadable scripts and data, as well as links to standard commercial homepage fare such as ESRI employment opportunities and downloadable software updates. Some of the resources available through this portal may require ESRI software, which is not available as a downloadable file.

2008-10-06

415

Final environmental impact statement for Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA-Ames Research Center is described. together with the nature of its activities, from which it can be seen that the center is basically not a major pollution source. Geographical, and climatic characteristics of the site are described. inasmuch as they influence both the choice of disposal methods and the environmental effects of the pollutants. The known or probable pollution sources at the center are described. Where the intensities of these sources might exceed the recommended guidelines, the corrective actions that have been taken are described.

1971-01-01

416

A Community-Based Social Marketing Campaign at Pacific University Oregon: Recycling, Paper Reduction, and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to design a community-based social marketing (CBSM) campaign to foster sustainable behavior change in paper reduction, commingled recycling, and purchasing environmentally preferred products (EPP) with faculty and staff at Pacific University Oregon. Design/methodology/approach: A CBSM campaign was developed…

Cole, Elaine J.; Fieselman, Laura

2013-01-01

417

Current Issues in Environmental Education and Environmental Studies. Volume VIII. Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education (11th, Silver Bay, New York, October 15-20, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in three major sections are selected papers presented at the 1982 Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education. The first part contains four invited addresses on environmental issues and two symposium papers related to the Global 2000 Report to the President. Topics of addresses focus on education/citizen…

Sacks, Arthur B.; And Others

418

Obama address touches on research, energy, and environmental issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Barack Obama's State of the Union message, delivered on 24 January, touched on the need for basic research, energy production, support for clean energy, and environmental protection, but it included just one passing reference to climate change. In addition, the speech made no note of the Administration's recent denial of a controversial application for the Keystone XL pipeline to transport crude oil from Canada to the United States and made just an elliptical reference regarding the bankrupt Solyndra Corporation, which the administration had touted as a clean energy company. Innovation “demands basic research,” Obama said, adding that Congress should not “gut these investments in our budget.” Noting that one promise for innovation is American-made energy, Obama said he is directing the administration to “open more than 75% of our potential offshore oil and gas resources.”

Showstack, Randy

2012-02-01

419

Teachers as Researchers: environmental science research experiences for middle and high school teachers in Oregon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching inquiry-driven science is a complex process, and a considerable gap exists between the mandate to teach science inquiry and the degree to which it is implemented in classroom settings. Engaging teachers as participants in the practice of science is one approach to bridging this gap. The overarching goal of our work is to involve Oregon middle and high school teachers in environmental science research that expands their capacity to engage their students in similar authentic science research. Teacher research experiences at the Andrews Forest Long-Term Ecological Research Program and more generally with scientists at Oregon State University are a focus of this work. Our presentation will give a brief overview of program development and outcomes from projects that engage Oregon teachers in environmental science research, including year-long workshop series to multi-week and multi-year research experience for teachers. In addition, our presentation will highlight outcomes and lessons learned of a three-year NASA-funded project that brings together science educators and climate change researchers to engage teachers in three-week summer research institutes.

O'Connell, K.; Morrell, P.

2013-12-01

420

Legacy of Environmental Research During the Space Shuttle Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Shuttle Program provided many opportunities to study the role of spaceflight on human life for over the last 30 years and represents the longest and largest U.S. human spaceflight program. Risks to crewmembers were included in the research areas of nutrition, microbiology, toxicology, radiation, and sleep quality. To better understand the Shuttle environment, Crew Health Care System was developed. As part of this system, the Environmental Health Subsystem was developed to monitor the atmosphere for gaseous contaminants and microbial contamination levels and to monitor water quality and radiation. This program expended a great deal of effort in studying and mitigating risks related to contaminations due to food, water, air, surfaces, crewmembers, and payloads including those with animals. As the Shuttle had limited stowage space and food selection, the development of nutritional requirements for crewmembers was imperative. As the Shuttle was a reusable vehicle, microbial contamination was of great concern. The development of monitoring instruments that could withstand the space environment took several years and many variations to come up with a suitable instrument. Research with space radiation provided an improved understanding of the various sources of ionizing radiation and the development of monitoring instrumentation for space weather and the human exposure within the orbiter's cabin. Space toxicology matured to include the management of offgassing products that could pollute the crewmembers air quality. The Shuttle Program implemented a 5-level toxicity rating system and developed new monitoring instrumentation to detect toxic compounds. The environment of space caused circadian desynchrony, sleep deficiency, and fatigue leading to much research and major emphasis on countermeasures. Outcomes of the research in these areas were countermeasures, operational protocols, and hardware. Learning Objectives: This symposium will provide an overview of the major environmental lessons learned and the development of countermeasures, monitoring hardware, and procedures.

Lane, Helen W.

2011-01-01

421

Schools In Board - Bridging Arctic Research And Environmental Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schools on Board (www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca) was created in 2002 to address the outreach objectives of a network of Canadian scientists conducting research in the High Arctic. The program was piloted with great success with the 2004 research program called the Canadian Arctic Shelf Study (CASES). Since then, the S/B program continues as an integral outreach program of the Canadian Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) known as ArcticNet. The primary objective of the program is to bridge Arctic climate change research with science and environmental education in the public school system. It is a vehicle for scientists and graduate students to share their research program with high schools and the general public. The program encourages schools to include Arctic Sciences into their science programs by linking Arctic research to existing curriculum, providing resources and opportunities to send high school students and teachers into the Arctic to participate in a science expedition on board the Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen. The field program is an adventure into Arctic research that exposes students and teachers to the objectives and methods of numerous science teams representing a number of research disciplines and institutions from across Canada and beyond. Face-to-face interactions with scientists of all levels (masters, PhD's, researchers, CRC chairs), hands-on experiences in the field and in the labs, and access to state-of-the-art scientific instrumentation, combine to create a powerful learning environment. In addition to hands-on research activities the program introduces participants to many aspects of Canada's North, including local knowledge related to climate change, culture, history, and politics - within the educational program on the ship and the planned visits to Northern communities. During International Polar Year (IPY) Schools on Board collaborated with international researchers and northern agencies from 11 countries to offer one circumpolar Inuit, and two international field programs onboard the IPY-Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) system study (www.ipy-cfl.ca). In this presentation we describe the structure of the Schools on Board program and summarize the experiences gained through the three field program held during the IPY-CFL program.

Barber, D. G.; Barber, L.

2008-12-01

422

Write a Research Paper One Step at a Time: Research Writing Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to supplement the textbook series "Houghton Mifflin English Grammar and Composition" and to offer students and classroom teachers in the secondary schools a review of research writing, this guide outlines a step-by-step process allowing for thorough student comprehension and comfort with the application of basic research and writing…

Evans, Helen, Ed.

423

The Core Analytics of Randomized Experiments for Social Research. MDRC Working Papers on Research Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter examines the core analytic elements of randomized experiments for social research. Its goal is to provide a compact discussion for faculty members, graduate students, and applied researchers of the design and analysis of randomized experiments for measuring the impacts of social or educational interventions. Design issues considered…

Bloom, Howard S.

2006-01-01

424

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

425

Studies in Teaching. 1995 Research Digest. Papers Presented at the Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of papers reporting student research projects at the Annual Research Forum, Department of Education, Wake Forest University (North Carolina). They include: "Student Interest in Studying World History in Relation to Current Events" (Conan Arthur); "Perceptions of High School Student Athletes and Athletics" (Edward Barrett);…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

426

Outlining Purposes, Stating the Nature of the Present Research, and Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses in Academic Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Driving research questions from the prevailing issues and interests and developing from them new theories, formulas, algorithms, methods, and designs, and linking them to the interests of the larger audience is a vital component of scientific research papers. The present article discusses outlining purposes or stating the nature of the present…

Shehzad, Wasima

2011-01-01

427

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

PubMed Central

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for the socioeconomic and health systems research required for the development of sustainable control programmes. Using Stockols' social-ecological approach, we describe the role of various social (poverty, policy, stigma, culture, and migration) and environmental determinants (the home environment, water resources development, and climate change) in the perpetuation of helminthic diseases, as well as their impact as contextual factors on health promotion interventions through both the regular and community-based health systems. We examine these interactions in regard to community participation, intersectoral collaboration, gender, and possibilities for upscaling helminthic disease control and elimination programmes within the context of integrated and interdisciplinary approaches. The research agenda summarises major gaps that need to be addressed. PMID:22545168

Gazzinelli, Andrea; Correa-Oliveira, Rodrigo; Yang, Guo-Jing; Boatin, Boakye A.; Kloos, Helmut

2012-01-01

428

Environmental Policy with Endogenous Technology from a Game Theoretic Perspective: The Case of the US Pulp and Paper Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The merits of different types of regulatory tools in eliminating pollution and at the same time inducing innovation have long\\u000a been an interest of researchers in both environmental economics and industrial organization. Although there is a substantial\\u000a theoretical literature investigating the potential for various environmental policies to attain these dual goals, this is\\u000a a challenging empirical problem because every industry

Bahar Celikkol Erbas; David G. Abler

2008-01-01

429

Research Paper Colorimetric Polymer Films for Predicting Lipid Interactions and Percutaneous  

E-print Network

Research Paper Colorimetric Polymer Films for Predicting Lipid Interactions and Percutaneous June 3, 2008 Purpose. To develop and demonstrate a rapid and simple colorimetric film assay for evaluating lipid interactions of pharmaceutical compounds and gel formulations. Methods. The colorimetric

Jelinek, Raz

430

Primary Research Paper Ecosystem response to changes in water level of Lake Ontario marshes: lessons  

E-print Network

Primary Research Paper Ecosystem response to changes in water level of Lake Ontario marshes, Great Lake, Lake Ontario, emergent vegetation, submersed aquatic vegetation, coastal wetland Abstract Paradise Marsh (L. Ontario) to reduce sediment resuspension and bioturbation, and thus regenerate marsh

McMaster University

431

Recent research efforts in the area of biotechnology for fuels and chemicals: Poster session papers  

SciTech Connect

This report presents research presented at the poster session of the Symposium covering a wide spectrum of current biotechnological research activities. Research focused mostly on ethanol production and methane generation from biomass material via microbial processing, as well as on enhanced hydrogen yield from algae. Several of the posters dealt with the pretreatment of cellulosic materials, and enzyme production/characterization, while a good number of papers displayed research efforts on bioremediation, photosynthesis, production of various useful chemicals from biomass by bioprocessing, and on other miscellaneous subjects. One of the papers treated a very interesting topic of cellulose-cellulase complexes. Many of the poster papers are included in this volume, and a synopsis of all the poster/papers presented is the subject of this article.

Antonopoulos, A.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Grohmann, K. (US Citrus and Subtropical Products Lab., Winter Haven, FL (United States))

1992-01-01

432

Recent research efforts in the area of biotechnology for fuels and chemicals: Poster session papers  

SciTech Connect

This report presents research presented at the poster session of the Symposium covering a wide spectrum of current biotechnological research activities. Research focused mostly on ethanol production and methane generation from biomass material via microbial processing, as well as on enhanced hydrogen yield from algae. Several of the posters dealt with the pretreatment of cellulosic materials, and enzyme production/characterization, while a good number of papers displayed research efforts on bioremediation, photosynthesis, production of various useful chemicals from biomass by bioprocessing, and on other miscellaneous subjects. One of the papers treated a very interesting topic of cellulose-cellulase complexes. Many of the poster papers are included in this volume, and a synopsis of all the poster/papers presented is the subject of this article.

Antonopoulos, A.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Grohmann, K. [US Citrus and Subtropical Products Lab., Winter Haven, FL (United States)

1992-09-01

433

Iceberg Paper Published in Geophysical Research Letters 29(7), 10.1029/2001 GLO, 2002  

E-print Network

Iceberg Paper Published in Geophysical Research Letters 29(7), 10.1029/2001 GLO, 2002 Ecological. Fahnestock3 and Thorsten Markus 1 Department of Geophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-2115 2 H

434

Research paper Neural representation of pitch salience in the human brainstem revealed  

E-print Network

Research paper Neural representation of pitch salience in the human brainstem revealed of brainstem neurons in order to demonstrate that the neural manifestation of pitch salience emerges well before cortical involvement. Brainstem frequency following responses (FFRs) were recorded from

Dasgupta, Dipankar

435

Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Paper no. 1243-02  

E-print Network

, the proportion likely to serve time is quite large. For example, nearly 30 percent of African American men and 16Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Paper no. 1243-02 Will Employers Hire Ex

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

436

Research review paper Stable isotope probing in the metagenomics era: A bridge towards  

E-print Network

Research review paper Stable isotope probing in the metagenomics era: A bridge towards improved: Bioremediation Biodegradation Stable isotope probing Metagenomics Sequence-based screening Function Microbial biodegradation and biotransformation reactions are essential to most bioremediation processes, yet

437

Research Paper 757 Optically controlled collisions of biological objects to evaluate  

E-print Network

Research Paper 757 Optically controlled collisions of biological objects to evaluate potent determinants of adhesion between two biological objects following a collision are complex, and may vary from enables precise examination of the probability of adhesion under biologically relevant conditions

Prentiss, Mara

438

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research

Gilat Brill; Anat Yarden

2003-01-01

439

Energy-related indoor environmental quality research: A priority agenda  

SciTech Connect

A multidisciplinary team of IEQ and energy researchers has defined a program of priority energy-related IEQ research. This paper describes the methods employed to develop the agenda, and 35 high priority research and development (R&D) project areas related to four broad goals: (1) identifying IEQ problems and opportunities; (2) developing and evaluating energy-efficient technologies for improving IEQ; (3) developing and evaluating energy-efficient practices for improving IEQ; and (4) encouraging or assisting the implementation of technologies or practices for improving IEQ. The identified R&D priorities reflect a strong need to benchmark IEQ conditions in small commercial buildings, schools, and residences. The R&D priorities also reflect the need to better understand how people are affected by IEQ conditions and by the related building characteristics and operation and maintenance practices. The associated research findings will provide a clearer definition of acceptable IEQ that is required to guide the development of technologies, practices, standards, and guidelines. Quantifying the effects of building characteristics and practices on IEQ conditions, in order to provide the basis for development of energy efficient and effective IEQ control measures, was also considered a priority. The development or advancement in a broad range of IEQ tools, technologies, and practices are also a major component of the priority research agenda. Consistent with the focus on ''energy-related'' research priorities, building ventilation and heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and processes are very prominent in the agenda. Research related to moisture and microbiological problems, particularly within hot and humid climates, is also prominent within the agenda. The agenda tends to emphasize research on residences, small commercial buildings, and schools because these types of buildings have been underrepresented in prior research. Most of the research areas apply to both new construction and existing buildings. Nearly all of the recommended priority R&D project areas include tasks intended to facilitate the communication and implementation of the research results. In addition, the priority agenda includes several projects specifically designed to facilitate or stimulate the use of existing energy-efficient technologies and practices for improving IEQ. To assure that the research program continues to meet the needs of stakeholders and to facilitate the coordination of research among sponsors, the core team recommends an annual meeting attended by sponsors, a balanced group of stakeholders, and a selection of researchers implementing the agenda.

Fisk, W.J.; Brager, G.; Burge, H.; Cummings, J.; Levin, H.; Loftness, V.; Mendell, M.J.; Persily, A.; Taylor, S.; Zhang, J.S.

2002-08-01

440

Turning a Student into a Researcher: Challenges and Strategies of Teaching Research Methods to Environmental Studies and Earth Science Juniors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most agree that research is an important aspect of a geoscience undergraduate program, but simply making research opportunities available to undergraduates sometimes is not enough. Teaching research and making research mandatory are often necessary, as these steps can play a vital role in turning a student into a researcher and preparing them for the work force or graduate school. As part of our revised Environmental Studies curriculum in 2008, the Earth and Environmental Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania now teaches a junior seminar on research methods that is mandatory for all Environmental Studies majors, and for all Earth Science majors who wish to do a senior thesis. Since this course has been mandatory, the course has been taught twice, with 11 students the first time and 28 students the second time, and we have seen improvements in the quality of senior theses in our department. The course is broken into three parts: introduction to the importance of research, reading the primary scientific literature and finding a project, and data analysis. There is a corresponding assignment for each section, and the course culminates in the students writing a senior thesis proposal and giving a presentation on their proposal. Assignments 1 and 2 are papers, but in assignment 3 (data analysis) students are given an Excel file with 7 different small datasets, and they use Excel and SPSS to answer several questions about the datasets, employing tools discussed in class (t-test, chi-square test, histogram, standard deviation, linear regression, ANOVA, etc.). From student reviews and questionnaires, we have found that students feel the most helpful aspects of the course are discussions with current seniors about their theses, reading past senior theses and discussing them as a class, guest talks from professors about their research, assignment 2 (writing a literature review), assignment 3 (data analysis), and working in small groups to brainstorm thesis topics together. Aside from preparing our students to get involved in research earlier and smarter, the course has had the added benefit of building a strong cohort of students who work well together, are excited about research and support each other.

Dmochowski, J. E.

2010-12-01

441

Homework and fieldwork: investigations into the rhetoric–reality gap in environmental education research and pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For years, environmental educators have been arguing that the culture of schooling (mostly focused on cultural reproduction) is antithetical to environmental education. Within this context, it is often suggested that environmental education occurs when there is a particularly passionate and motivated teacher who, despite frequent barriers, maintains environmental education as a priority. Yet the author’s doctoral research suggests that even

Mary Jeanne Barrett

2007-01-01

442

Proceedings of Workshop on Priority Great Lakes Environmental Research Initiatives (Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan, October 10-11, 1974).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the proceedings of a workshop held in Ann Arbor, Michigan to identify the priority Great Lakes environmental research initiatives. The five major objectives of the workshop include the determination of research initiatives, opportunities for university research communities to discuss and recommend future research…

Pinsak, Arthur P., Ed.

443

Learning biology through research papers: a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students.  

PubMed

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

444

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

445

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH  

E-print Network

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PHASE II BLANK #12;ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH PHASE II EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared in accordance with the National

Tchumper, Gregory S.

446

UNIDATA SUMMER WORKSHOP Expanding Horizons: Unsing Environmental Data for Education, Research and Decision Making  

E-print Network

UNIDATA SUMMER WORKSHOP Expanding Horizons: Unsing Environmental Data for Education, Research and Decision Making 23-27 June 2003 UNIDATA SUMMER WORKSHOP Expanding Horizons: Unsing Environmental Data AND ENVIRONMENTAL DATA AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Theresa M. Carpenter, P.E. Hydrologic Research Center http

447

Working Papers m 2013:03 University efforts to support interdisciplinary research  

E-print Network

and unintended consequences John Pisapia, Tony Townsend and Jamila Razzaq #12;Adam Smith Research Foundation Papers series and avoid technical language and extensive footnotes as much as possible. m The Adam Smith legacy of Adam Smith (1723-1790) with independent, original research that impartially advances knowledge

Guo, Zaoyang

448

Expanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper Technology  

E-print Network

Expanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper, Project Leader Fiber Processes and Products USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory Madison? As one component of our response, the USDA Forest Service has undertaken a major research program aimed

Abubakr, Said

449

research papers 1088 doi:10.1107/S0907444912020598 Acta Cryst. (2012). D68, 10881097  

E-print Network

research papers 1088 doi:10.1107/S0907444912020598 Acta Cryst. (2012). D68, 1088­1097 Acta, National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL 60439, USA, b Basic Research Program, SAIC­Frederick, 9700 S. Cass demonstrated to be useful for numerous imaging applications (Chudakov et al., 2005; Hoffman, 2005; Hoffman

450

This work is distributed as a Discussion Paper by the STANFORD INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH  

E-print Network

RESEARCH SIEPR Discussion Paper No. 10-022 Yours, Mine and Ours: Do Divorce Laws Affect the Intertemporal Institute for Economic Policy Research or Stanford University. #12;Yours, Mine and Ours: Do Divorce Laws University Abstract Divorce laws regulate when divorce is allowed and establish each spouse's property rights

Li, Fei-Fei

451

76 FR 23603 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...from these formative research projects will inform...clearance for formative research activities pertaining...clearance for formative research featuring biospecimen...health and environmental science professional organizations...Policy, Analysis and Communication, National...

2011-04-27

452

Research Paper Segmentation of touching insects based on optical flow and  

E-print Network

Research Paper Segmentation of touching insects based on optical flow and NCuts Qing Yao a in paddy fields. This paper focuses on developing a segmentation method for separating the touching insects in the rice light-trap insect image from our imaging system to automatically identify and count rice pests

453

Meandering Roadways vs. Superhighways: An Approach to Teaching the Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of writing a research paper must be broken into manageable units while at the same time retaining the recursive characteristic of the writing process. One approach does this by means of a series of assignments that also allow students to accumulate and practice the skills needed to write the final paper. These assignments are (1)…

Kelly, Rebecca

454

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 44th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of papers presented to the 44th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic of the session at which they were presented. Separate sessions were devoted to elementary, secondary, junior high school, and college and university science teaching, with papers on evaluation,…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

455

TTP 220 Transportation Policy and Planning Assignment 1: Research Paper on Historical Topic  

E-print Network

of the automobile as a part of daily life If it fits for your topic, consider including an element of "now and then-spaced research paper on a topic of your choosing related to the history of urban transportation. This paper of the streetcar system - The early importance of the automobile in rural America - The rationale

Handy, Susan L.

456

Training in Business and Industry. Selected Research Papers, 1995. AERA Special Interest Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 7 of the 10 papers presented at the 1995 program of the American Educational Research Association's special interest group, Training in Business and Industry. The following papers are included: "A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Integrating Evaluation and Training" (Jo D. Gallagher); "Comparing Managers and Employees in Team…

Mulder, Martin, Ed.

457

Research Paper 417 A gain-of-function screen for genes controlling motor axon  

E-print Network

Research Paper 417 A gain-of-function screen for genes controlling motor axon guidance neuromuscular gain-of-function phenotypes. Forty-one of these (known genes) have published Published: 20 March-transposable elementIn this paper, we describe a P element­based gain-of- function (GOF) screen for gene products

Zinn, Kai

458

Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position paper, in collaboration with EFA  

PubMed Central

In less than half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health threat, today affecting the lives of more than 60 million people in Europe, and probably close to one billion worldwide, thereby heavily impacting the budgets of public health systems. More disturbingly, its prevalence and impact are on the rise, a development that has been associated with environmental and lifestyle changes accompanying the continuous process of urbanization and globalization. Therefore, there is an urgent need to prioritize and concert research efforts in the field of allergy, in order to achieve sustainable results on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of this most prevalent chronic disease of the 21st century. The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is the leading professional organization in the field of allergy, promoting excellence in clinical care, education, training and basic and translational research, all with the ultimate goal of improving the health of allergic patients. The European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations (EFA) is a non-profit network of allergy, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) patients’ organizations. In support of their missions, the present EAACI Position Paper, in collaboration with EFA, highlights the most important research needs in the field of allergy to serve as key recommendations for future research funding at the national and European levels. Although allergies may involve almost every organ of the body and an array of diverse external factors act as triggers, there are several common themes that need to be prioritized in research efforts. As in many other chronic diseases, effective prevention, curative treatment and accurate, rapid diagnosis represent major unmet needs. Detailed phenotyping/endotyping stands out as widely required in order to arrange or re-categorize clinical syndromes into more coherent, uniform and treatment-responsive groups. Research efforts to unveil the basic pathophysiologic pathways and mechanisms, thus leading to the comprehension and resolution of the pathophysiologic complexity of allergies will allow for the design of novel patient-oriented diagnostic and treatment protocols. Several allergic diseases require well-controlled epidemiological description and surveillance, using disease registries, pharmacoeconomic evaluation, as well as large biobanks. Additionally, there is a need for extensive studies to bring promising new biotechnological innovations, such as biological agents, vaccines of modified allergen molecules and engineered components for allergy diagnosis, closer to clinical practice. Finally, particular attention should be paid to the difficult-to-manage, precarious and costly severe disease forms and/or exacerbations. Nonetheless, currently arising treatments, mainly in the fields of immunotherapy and biologicals, hold great promise for targeted and causal management of allergic conditions. Active involvement of all stakeholders, including Patient Organizations and policy makers are necessary to achieve the aims emphasized herein. PMID:23121771

2012-01-01

459

Research for the Environment The Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research -UFZ is a research institution within the  

E-print Network

. The Group "Microbial Systems Ecology" in the Department of Environmental Microbiology is seeking a highly for 3 years. Our group performs research into various aspects of microbial ecology such as plant-microbe interactions, protistan ecology, biodegradation, HGT, bacteriophage ecology and theoretical microbial ecology

van Tiggelen, Bart

460

Discrete choice modeling of environmental security. Research report  

SciTech Connect

The presence of overpopulation or unsustainable population growth may place pressure on the food and water supplies of countries in sensitive areas of the world. Severe air or water pollution may place additional pressure on these resources. These pressures may generate both internal and international conflict in these areas as nations struggle to provide for their citizens. Such conflicts may result in United States intervention, either unilaterally, or through the United Nations. Therefore, it is in the interests of the United States to identify potential areas of conflict in order to properly train and allocate forces. The purpose of this research is to forecast the probability of conflict in a nation as a function of it s environmental conditions. Probit, logit and ordered probit models are employed to forecast the probability of a given level of conflict. Data from 95 countries are used to estimate the models. Probability forecasts are generated for these 95 nations. Out-of sample forecasts are generated for an additional 22 nations. These probabilities are then used to rank nations from highest probability of conflict to lowest. The results indicate that the dependence of a nation`s economy on agriculture, the rate of deforestation, and the population density are important variables in forecasting the probability and level of conflict. These results indicate that environmental variables do play a role in generating or exacerbating conflict. It is unclear that the United States military has any direct role in mitigating the environmental conditions that may generate conflict. A more important role for the military is to aid in data gathering to generate better forecasts so that the troops are adequntely prepared when conflicts arises.

Carson, K.S.

1998-10-01

461

Scintillator-Layered Imaging Microscope for Environmental Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a detection mechanism to observe fluorescent light from a fluorescently-tagged biological sample as well as the electron from the beta decay of ^14C within the same sample while maintaining the position information of the interaction. This system will be used to study the carbon uptake of microorganisms from permafrost soil samples, which will help understand the output of CO and CH4 from thawing permafrost. Our system is called SLIMER, the Scintillator-Layered Imaging Microscope for Environmental Research. The microscope component of SLIMER is a fluorescence microscope already capable of detecting the fluorescent signal. We chose to use CsI(Tl), which, when vapor-deposited on a fiber-optic plate, grows with a microcolumnar structure. These columns channel the light produced within them, thus maintaining the position information of the beta decay. We will present our progress using this method of detection.

Kidd, M. F.; Elliott, S. R.; Onstott, T. C.; Myeni, S.; Stackhouse, B.; Pfiffner, S. M.; Vishnivetskaya, T.; Layton, A.; Whyte, L. G.; Mykytczuk, N.; Allan, J.; Wilhem, R. C.; Hettich, R.; Chourey, K.; Phelps, T. J.; Hatcher, P.

2012-03-01

462

Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute Site Environmental report, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute (ITRI) was constructed in 1960 with the initial purpose of studying human health hazards of inhaling airborne radioactive fission products; its scope was broadened to cover other airborne materials. ITRI has in place an extensive radiological and nonradiological environmental monitoring program which monitors air emissions, groundwater, soil and ambient air around the facility. ITRI is in compliance with air quality and hazardous waste regulations; however, sewage lagoons remain from previous operations. Remediation activities have been begun or are scheduled to begin on these lagoons and on low-level radioactive liquid waste evaporation ponds. Except for the issues mentioned, ITRI is in compliance with all other federal, state, and local regulations.

NONE

1995-05-01

463

The Impact of Training on Women's Micro-Enterprise Development. Education Research Paper. Knowledge & Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the impact of training on women's micro-enterprise development in four programs in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Sudan. Research design was a series of case studies of projects and programs providing training in technical or business skills. Impact of training was measured against these four indicators: income, access to and…

Leach, Fiona; Abdulla, Salwa; Appleton, Helen; el-Bushra, Judy; Cardenas, Nora; Kebede, Kibre; Lewis, Viv; Sitaram, Shashikala

464

Midwest Nursing Research Society Best Paper 2009 Western Journal of Nursing Research  

E-print Network

with better physical and psychological health outcomes. Thus, the promotion of physical activity is recognized as a high public priority (Humpel, Owen, & Leslie, 2002). Older persons can improve their cardiovascular pull machine) at a health club. Human Motion Analysis Human motion analysis is a well-researched topic

He, Zhihai "Henry"

465

ROLE OF VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY AT THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY IN ATHENS, GEORGIA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Athens GA, is best known by vibrational spectroscopists as the laboratory where much of the pioneering work on the development of a sensitive, real-time gas chromatograph/Fourier transform infrared syste...

466

[Research advances in the responses of carbohydrates in grassland plants to environmental stress].  

PubMed

Carbohydrates are the main energy materials for plant metabolic activities. Enough carbohydrates stored in roots are necessary for plant re-growth, its tolerance against environmental stress, and the maintenance of grassland ecosystem stability. This paper summarized the influences of grazing, nitrogen fertilization, salt stress, drought, low temperature, and low oxygen stress on the carbohydrates in grassland plants, and introduced the advanced methods of measuring root carbohydrates. It was suggested that the research emphasis in the future should be paid on the relationships between root soluble sugar components and root physio-ecological functions. PMID:20136023

Gao, Ying-Zhi; Wang, Yan-Hua; Wang, Jing-Ting; Liu, Ju-Shan; Wang, De-Li

2009-11-01

467

Participatory Action Research and Environmental Learning: Implications for Resilient Forests and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can a participatory approach to research promote environmental learning and enhance social-ecological systems resilience? Participatory action research (PAR) is an approach to research that its' supporters claim can foster new knowledge, learning, and action to support positive social and environmental change through reorienting the standard…

Ballard, Heidi L.; Belsky, Jill M.

2010-01-01

468

Trends in publication of research papers by Australian-based nurse authors.  

PubMed

Analysis of Australian nursing research output is becoming more important as academic institutions move into implementing quality programs of research output. Notable in determining research quality is the publication of research papers in journals with a high ranking within the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) or Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA). This paper reports an analysis of Australian nurse researcher output in journals highly ranked by the ISI and ERA. Research abstracts were analysed for topic, sources of data, location of research and methodological paradigm. A total of 530 articles from five Australian and from five USA and UK journals were analysed. There was an increase in output from the period of prior analyses in 2000. Practice issues are the most common topic followed closely by nurse education. While most studies used nurses as sources of data there were more studies in which consumers of nursing care were the point of inquiry. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were utilised. Given the importance of rationalising nursing practice and adding new knowledge to evidence based care, it is imperative for the nursing profession to disseminate research findings. Failure to do this may result in poor return in investment outcomes for the future of nursing in Australia and internationally. PMID:21957665

Wilkes, Lesley; Jackson, Debra

2011-01-01

469

Additional Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education (4th, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These reports are designed to provide environmental educators with the current issues in the field. Topics discussed in these papers include general environmental concerns such as environmental controls, energy policies, environmental crises and public relations, and effects of offshore drilling on the marine environment. Illustrations for the…

National Association for Environmental Education, Miami, FL.

470

Tradeoff between environmental impacts and economic benefits?: A case study of the Finnish and British pulp and paper industries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the increased used paper collection rates in Western Europe, more recycled fibre will be used in the manufacture of paper. This will affect both the environmental and economic performance of the pulp and paper industry. The potential for the increase of the collection rate varies significantly in different countries in western Europe. In some countries the collection rate is already close to 70% (Austria, Germany; in others it is around 45% (Italy, United Kingdom). With the increased demand for recycled fibre also the collection will increase. When the collection of waste paper is increased something has to be done with the collected paper. Different utilisation modes results in different emission profiles. They also have different economic consequences. In this article the environmental and economic impacts of an increased paper collection rate are studied with three alternative scenarios. These scenarios are drawn using a dynamic material flow modelling such as Joined Time Projection (JTP). The results show, that a clear trade off between harmful environmental impacts and economic benefits exists.

Valtonen, Mikko

2001-02-01

471

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this presentation we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived (Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research) and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR (INterferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, H.; Zerbini, S.; Bastos, M. L.; Becker, M. H.; Meghraoui, M.; Reilinger, R. E.

2013-05-01

472

A new environmentally benign technology for transforming wood pulp into paper. Engineering polyoxometalates as catalysts for multiple processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new environmentally benign technology, based on the use of polyoxometalate (POM) salts and oxygen, is being developed to bleach wood pulps for use in the manufacture of paper. Details of POM chemistry relating to the unit operations of an effluent-free bleaching process are reported. These include anaerobic delignification of wood pulp, aerobic reoxidation of reduced POMs for their cyclic

Ira A. Weinstock; Rajai H. Atalla; Richard S. Reiner; Mark A. Moen; Kenneth E. Hammel; Carl J. Houtman; Craig L. Hill; Mason K. Harrup

1997-01-01

473

Open Support Platform for Environmental Research (OSPER) - tools for the discovery and exploitation of environmental data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Open Support Platform for Environmental Research (OSPER) has been launched to take forward key data management components developed under the Swiss Experiment platform project to achieve improved usability and a wider scope. With this project, we aim to connect users to data and their context, an area identified during SwissEx as having the greatest potential impact on the research community. OSPER has a clear focus on providing the technology for data storage, management and exploitation with a special focus on data interoperability and documentation. In this presentation, we will demonstrate the key aims of OSPER for the period 2012 - 2015. Inheriting the basic SwissEx functionality, OSPER provides an excellent method of making data accessible via their metadata. One of the biggest differences between the OSPER infrastructure and other data platforms is the level of interaction that one can have with the data and the level of integration with the analysis tools used in science. We wish to capitalise on this advantage by increasing this integration and working with environmental research projects to develop the tools that make a difference to their daily research. The new data infrastructure will serve the following purposes: ? Open documentation, archiving and discovery of datasets. ? Facilitation of data sharing and collaboration (especially inter-disciplinary) with data owner controlled access rights, particularly concentrating on providing as much contextual information as possible. ? Improvements in ease of data access and combination of data sources. ? Tools for data visualisation and statistical and numerical data analysis with a focus on spatial data and trends. Key areas identified for development during OSPER are: ? New infrastructure and content for current WebGIS-based data visualisation system to create a publicly available platform. ? Provision of data in standard formats using standard methods as well as the consumption of such data by the processing/visualisation tools. ? Provision of connected tools to provide commonly used functionality. ? Cloud compatibility. ? Greater integration of metadata and data. ? Integration of publications using advances made in the ScienceWise project. ? Advanced queries of 3- and 4-Dimensional data sources. ? Documented examples of spatio-temporal statistical tools. Each of the components of the infrastructure (database middleware, WebGIS, model interfaces and processing/visualization tools) will be designed for usage both within the OSPER system and standalone. They will provide standardized interfaces, such that they can be adapted for use with data from any compatible infrastructure, and such that the data held within OSPER can be visualized or processed using any compatible tools.

Dawes, N. M.; Lehning, M.; Bavay, M.; Sarni, S.; Iosifescu, I.; Gwadera, R.; Scipion, D. E.; Blanchet, J.; Davison, A.; Berne, A.; Hurni, L.; Parlange, M. B.; Aberer, K.

2012-12-01

474

Paradigms and progress in building research capacity in international environmental health.  

PubMed

Populations in low- and middle-income nations bear significant risks for poor health due to air, land and water contamination; natural resource depletion; deterioration of ecosystems; contaminated food supplies and other conditions related to poverty, including poor housing, crowding and inadequate nutrition and health care. These risks, related to rapid industrialization, increasing urbanization, poor land use, natural changes in ecology and other conditions, will only increase in the coming decades if current trends persist. The implications on populations' health include increased spread or emergence of disease, particularly those that impact children disproportionately, and added stress on already overburdened or weakened health care systems. To address environmental health conditions in a relevant manner in resource-poor settings, the training of scientists and health professionals from these settings is key to setting priorities and identifying cost-effective interventions. Training of professionals in a range of environmental health disciplines is a prerequisite for the establishment of effective national and international policies. Working to strengthen local expertise and scientific capacity is one of the most effective and lasting ways to affect positive policy change in environmental health. This paper describes four paradigms that support research training and research programs to meet the increasing and changing needs in this field. Factors influencing the development of the programs and their evolution are discussed as well as trends for the future. PMID:12971697

Hrynkow, Sharon H; Primack, Aron; Bridbord, Kenneth

2003-08-01

475

AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers: Socio-Psychological Dimensions, Research Design and Safety. Volume II, Book 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection focuses on research topics in physical education and athletics and includes the following papers: Methodological Problems in the Assessment of Personality from the Psychoanalytic, Behavioral and Cognitive Positions; Some Factors Affecting the Performance of Women in Sports and Activity; Multivariate Considerations in Children's…

Cox, Richard H., Ed.

476

The Status of Research on Models of Product Development and Evaluation. Research Evaluation Development Paper Series. No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a critical look at the current research base supporting development and evaluation (D&E) models of instructional products. The author, accepting as valid a definition of D&E models as "exemplary models, outlining designs or conceptions of things worthy of imitation," examines current interest in their development and use and…

Smith, Nick L.; Murray, Stephen L.

477

A Guide for Writing Research Papers based on Modern Language Association (MLA) Documentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the Humanities Department and The Arthur C. Banks Jr. Library at Capital Community-Technical College in Hartford, Connecticut, this site offers a basic guide to writing research papers based on MLA guidelines. The guide covers topics from gathering materials to the works cited page, with tips for using outlines, working with quotations, formatting the paper, and using parenthetical documentation. Numerous examples and related links are provided.

478

Selected demonstration and educational products/activities. [National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center  

SciTech Connect

The information in this paper was assembled for several informal presentations to a variety of visitor groups during the summer of 1992. A number of staff members at TVA's National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (NFERC) found it useful as a quick overview for their use and for their sharing with external colleagues and customers. The paper is not meant to be an exhaustive list or explanation of all products and services available from NFERC. However, the authors believe it will give a flavor and tenor of some of the ongoing activities of the Center, especially those activities relating to the retail fertilizer dealer. Programs over the years have focused on key aspects of nutrient efficiency and management. TVA is uniquely positioned to assist the fertilizer industry and US agriculture in protecting the environment from potential adverse environmental impacts of agriculture, especially for fertilizer and the attendant agrichemicals. TVA has the technical base and an ongoing working relationship with the fertilizer industry in technology development and introduction. Dealer education is very important in TVA programs in two aspects: (1) education for the dealer in meeting new environmental stewardship challenges from an operational perspective; and (2) education for the dealer in meeting the site-specific information needs of the farmer.

Williams, R.J.; Mann, H.C.

1992-07-01

479

Environmental Science and Research Foundation, Inc. annual technical report: Calendar year 1997  

SciTech Connect

This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The Foundation conducts an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provides environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research on the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. Summaries are included of the individual research projects.

Reynolds, R.D.; Warren, R.W. [eds.

1998-05-01

480

Where Are Children and Young People in Environmental Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984, the "Australian Journal of Environmental Education" commenced. At that time, this author was 6 years old, in her first year of primary school at Tieri State School in Central-Western Queensland, and knew nothing of the "Australian Journal of Environmental Education" (AJEE), or environmental education for that matter.…

Cutter-Mackenzie, Amy

2014-01-01

481

The impact of environmental constraints on productivity improvement and energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a methodology and results for assessing the impact of production and energy efficiency, environmental regulation, and abatement capital expenditure constraints (e.g. capital rationing) on the productivity of energy and pollution intensive sectors. Energy is treated like any other production input when examining evidence of inefficiency. We find that capital rationing and environmental regulations do contribute to productivity and energy efficiency losses, but do not explain all of the production and energy inefficiencies observed in the paper industry. A summary of the energy source of production inefficiency found in the paper industry, is presented.. Each source is derived as the incremental contribution., i.e. the first is constraints on capital, the second in environmental regulation not accounted for by the first, and the final component is production inefficiency that is not accounted for my any of the- environmental analysis. While the methods are very data intensive, they reveal much more that analysis of aggregate data, 1835 since the only plant level data can provide the estimates of inefficiency that this methodology employs.

Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; McClelland, J. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Economics

1996-12-31

482

Action at the Grassroots: Fighting Poverty and Environmental Decline. Worldwatch Paper 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many forces of environmental and economic decline that endanger our communities and planet. These have caused a global threat which is very complex. The pressure to feed increasing numbers of people helps cause high rates of topsoil loss which results in decreased agricultural productivity. As poorer nations attempt to fight these…

Durning, Alan B.

483

Energy development: the environmental tradeoffs. Volume 4. Background papers. Energy and environment series  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background information directly relevant to the analysis of environmental tradeoffs among the different measures to increase U.S. energy supply is presented. Subject areas covered include: technological Overview; social impacts of energy development in a rural area: a case example of western coal development; water availability and consumption for energy; water pollution potential of energy conversion processes; and air pollution impacts

M. D. Levine; R. V. Steele; I. W. Yabroff

1975-01-01

484

Environmental Education in the School Systems of Latin America and the Caribbean. Working Papers 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the status and position of civic education and environmental education in the formal curricula of primary and secondary school systems in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The study consists of two parts: (1) a review of the literature related to each subject and its status in the school systems and the LAC region;…

Arias-La Forgia, Adalgisa

485

Environmental Profiles of Paper vs. Electronic UC-CEAS Annual Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

In 2010, the University of Cincinnati College of Engineering and Applied Sciences (UC-CEAS) created a new electronic format for the Annual Report that could be distributed through the college?s website to replace the prior print version. In order to determine the environmental co...

486

76 FR 38189 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...results of formative research will be used to maximize...from these formative research projects will inform...and environmental science professional organizations...Director, Office of Science Policy, Analysis and Communication, National...

2011-06-29

487

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Assessing the impact of climate change on brown trout  

E-print Network

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Assessing the impact of climate change on brown trout (Salmo trutta fario and the vulnerable early life stages of brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) in a prealpine catchment in SwitzerlandFlow Á Salmo trutta fario Á Bedload transport Á Scouring Á Mesohabitat Á Spawning Introduction It is now

488

RESEARCH PAPER A plug-based microfluidic system for dispensing lipidic cubic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER A plug-based microfluidic system for dispensing lipidic cubic phase (LCP) material This article presents a plug-based microfluidic system to dispense nanoliter-volume plugs of lipidic cubic by crystallizing membrane proteins in lipidic mesophases, including LCP. This system allows for accurate dispensing

Ismagilov, Rustem F.

489

Redefining Skill: Revision of the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC2000). Skills Task Force Research Paper 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers issues relating to the measurement of skill for national statistical purposes. It draws upon the work program and research underlying the revision of the national occupational classification for the United Kingdom (UK), SOC90 (Standard Occupational Classification introduced in 1990). The report's introduction states the…

Elias, Peter; McKnight, Abigail; Kinshott, Graham

490

Nine Steps to a Quality Research Paper. A Special Report. Professional Growth Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide begins by offering advice to students who have been assigned to write a research paper and hints to teachers for ways in which they can facilitate the process for their students. It then presents detailed guidelines for students in nine steps: (1) Selecting a Topic; (2) Narrowing the Topic; (3) Formulating a Preliminary Question Outline…

Stuurmans, Harry

491

A Review of Recent Near Infrared Research for Wood and Paper (Part 2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article introduces recent technical and scientific reports in terms of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy at wood and paper science and industry, where the interests for them have been suddenly increased during the last decade. Many researchers reported NIR technique was useful to detect multi information in both chemical and physical properties of wood materials although it was widely

SATORU TSUCHIKAWA; MANFRED SCHWANNINGER

2011-01-01

492

Starting from Scratch: Teacher to Researcher and Back Again. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Berwyn Clayton has been involved in the VET (vocational education and training) sector for over 25 years. After beginning her career as a teacher, Berwyn became a pioneer in promoting the value of research. With a record of over 30 publications and 25 conference papers or journal articles, Berwyn has created an impressive body of knowledge,…

Clayton, Berwyn

2012-01-01

493

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Microhabitat use and prey selection of the coral-feeding  

E-print Network

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Microhabitat use and prey selection of the coral-feeding snail Drupella Science+Business Media B.V. 2010 Abstract Corallivorous gastropods of the genus Drupella are known10750-009-0053-x Author's personal copy #12;gastropod Drupella Thiele spp. have the potential to destroy

Zuschin, Martin

494

Call for Papers IMS/ASA Spring Research Conference on Statistics  

E-print Network

Call for Papers IMS/ASA Spring Research Conference on Statistics in Industry and Technology June Conference (SRC) on Statistics in Industry and Technology is sponsored by Institute of Mathematical Statistics, American Statistical Association, and Harvard University. The theme of this conference

Wolfe, Patrick J.

495

National Association for Research in Science Teaching, 45th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts of papers presented to the 45th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic for the session at which they were presented. Series of sessions were devoted to test and instrument development, evaluation, learning theory, verbal behavior, instructional methods and…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

496

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 49th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides abstracts of papers presented at the 49th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) held in San Francisco, April 23-25, 1976. The entries represent a wide range of topics in the field of science education. The themes recurring most often are related to the fields of: (1)…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

497

National Association for Research in Science Teaching. 50th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides abstracts of papers presented at the 50th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching held in Cincinnati, Ohio March 22-24, 1977. The entries represent a wide range of topics in the field of science education. Topics include instruction, teacher education, learning, enrollments, concept…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

498

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water  

E-print Network

PRIMARY RESEARCH PAPER Is salinity tolerance the key to success for the invasive water bug) that occurs in brackish and saline aquatic systems. Recently, it has been found invading three continents compared both the realized and standardized salinity niche of invasive T. verticalis and native Corixidae

Green, Andy J.

499

RESEARCH PAPER Wood anatomical responses of oak saplings exposed to air  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Wood anatomical responses of oak saplings exposed to air warming and soil drought P, or acclimate by exploit- ing their range of phenotypic and physiological plasticity (Lambers et al. 2008; Valladares et al. 2007). Acclimation processes, i.e., positive structural or physiological response to new

500

A Review of Recent Near Infrared Research for Wood and Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article introduces recent technical and scientific reports in terms of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in the wood and paper science and industry, where interest has increased during the last couple decades. Many researchers reported the NIR technique was useful to detect multi information in both chemical and physical properties of wood materials, although it was widely used in

Satoru Tsuchikawa

2007-01-01