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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Perspectives in Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER): Collected Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER) program was begun at NBDL in 1977. This report includes four papers which were written between 1977 and 1980 describing progress and developments in this program. 'An Engineering Approach...

R. S. Kennedy A. C. Bittner M. M. Harbeson M. B. Jones

1981-01-01

2

[Discussion paper participation research].  

PubMed

This contribution introduces the "Diskussionspapier Teilhabeforschung" (discussion paper participation research) of the German Association for Rehabilitation (DVfR) and German Society for Rehabilitation Science (DGRW). The aim of this paper is to more clearly define current scientific research activity on the subject of participation and the significance of interdisciplinary participation research. The authors emphasise the desirability of a stronger scientific basis for instruments designed to improve the participation of disabled individuals. The paper is meant to be understood as an initial basis for the discussion about participation research development, and the authors are open to suggestions and elaboration.Participation research is understood in this discussion paper as an interdisciplinary research field with 7 goals and characteristics: 1. focussing on participation and self-determination; 2. contextual approach (taking environmental and personal factors into consideration that affect participation); 3. the participation of disabled persons in participation research; 4. interdisciplinary cooperation; 5. involving organisations and institutions whose approaches to participation research overlap; 6. referring to social and healthcare policies; 7. national and international orientations.The authors discuss the rationale behind increasing the support for participation research and theoretical models thereof. Fundamental concepts with high relevance to participation research include the biopsychosocial model of the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health (ICF), the inclusion concept, empowerment concept, and capabilities concept. The authors conclude their paper with recommendations for strengthening the research funding for participation research, and specify concrete steps toward greater participation research. PMID:23235948

Farin, Erik

2012-12-12

3

Print This Paper, Kill A Tree: Environmental Sustainability as a Research Topic for Human-Computer Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many HCI researchers have recently begun to examine the opportunities to use ICTs to promote environmental sustainability and ecological consciousness on the part of technology users. This paper examines the limits upon this work as currently construed. In particular, it argues that the political and cultural contexts of environmental practice must be part of an effective solution. Research on ecological

Paul Dourish

4

Approach to oil shale health and environmental research: a concept paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

An integrated research approach is discussed for understanding the complex health and environmental issues that affect both the extent and rate of development of the US oil shale resource. Our main purpose is to investigate process modifications that mitigate any health and environmental impacts while improving or maintaining the yield and quality of shale oil. Because many of the recognized

E. J. Peterson; W. D. Spall; P. Wagner; L. M. Holland; M. I. Tillery; W. J. Parkinson; G. F. Strniste

1983-01-01

5

Approach to oil shale health and environmental research: a concept paper  

SciTech Connect

An integrated research approach is discussed for understanding the complex health and environmental issues that affect both the extent and rate of development of the US oil shale resource. Our main purpose is to investigate process modifications that mitigate any health and environmental impacts while improving or maintaining the yield and quality of shale oil. Because many of the recognized problems are influenced by the physics and chemistry of the retorting process, they must be understood in the context of those process parameters that control the identity and behavior of products, wastes, and effluents. To develop an orderly perspective of health and environmental consequences of oil shale processing, the identity and behavior of the raw material, the chemical principles operative during processing, and the interaction of the raw material and the process to yield products, effuents, and solid wastes must be understood. This approach allows us to determine the nature, magnitude, and time dependence of the organic compound, major, and trace element releases as functions of the raw shale mineralogy, retorting conditions, and spent shale and effluent compositions. This information is essential for understanding and quantifying the environmental behavior and health effects that may result from shale oil extraction and processing.

Peterson, E.J.; Spall, W.D.; Wagner, P.; Holland, L.M.; Tillery, M.I.; Parkinson, W.J.; Strniste, G.F.

1983-11-01

6

Writing a Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The value of research and the career of a university lecturer depend heavily on the success in publishing scientific papers. This article reviews the guidelines for writing and submitting research papers. The three most important success criteria in publishing are as follows: the paper describes a good research, it is written according to the…

Mikk, Jaan

2006-01-01

7

Writing a research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to help those embarking on research to communicate effectively through writing, and to improve their chances of getting a paper published. The quality of a paper's researchcontent is judged by originality, importance and scientific validity. Advice should be sought on a project's potential for high-quality research content before taking up the research. When readers

Malcolm Chiswick

2002-01-01

8

Updating the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than 30 years, Staples High School (Westport, Connecticut) juniors have undertaken a major research paper. Their English teachers supervise this project-based unit and get feedback about the preparation students feel they have gotten in research and in writing. Students used to be taught to use notebooks, paper, pencil, and index cards…

Liepolt, Werner

2005-01-01

9

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

10

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

11

Abstracts of Research Papers 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication includes the abstracts of 199 research papers presented at the 1970 American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Seattle, Washington. Abstracts from symposia on environmental quality education, obesity, motor development, research methods, and laboratory equipment are also included. Each…

Drowatzky, John N., Ed.

12

Discussion of Charles R. Goldman's paper entitled ''The importance of establishing long term environmental research''  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Goldman has provided some positive examples of long-term ecological research, of which his work is an outstanding example, as well as other situations which have involved multiple individuals and, in some cases, multiple institutions. Examples of these are the US Forest Service's Coweeta Hydrological Laboratory, the site of multidisciplinary ecosystem studies involving the University of Georgia and others; the Hubbard Brook watershed program, involving Cornell, Dartmouth, and Yale universities, the US Forest Service, and, more recently, the Institute of Ecosystem Studies; the Walker Branch Watershed studies of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and numerous university investigators. These and several other equally important studies have been successful because they were conceived and initiated by good scientists who were fortunate to be in an institutional setting where this kind of research was encouraged; or because key individuals involved had already attained sufficient stature that they were beyond some of the constraints that are often faced by university-based investigators who wish to do long-term research that has applied or mission implications. 1 fig.

Auerbach, S.I.

1987-01-01

13

Introduction to Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the heart of the ICSE-2005 program are the 44 research papers selected by the Program Committee (PC) from the 313 submissions to the conference. All submissions were rigorously reviewed by the PC -- each submission received reviews from at least three different PC members. The PC then met on 5-6 November 2004 in Newport Beach, California, USA, to discuss

William G. Griswold; Bashar Nuseibeh

2005-01-01

14

Research Application Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast two types of scholarly article designs, quantitative and qualitative, as to how two research designs can be similar and different, and how the authors conduct their research and present their results. When researching and analyzing two scholarly articles of different design types, it is…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

15

The World Food Situation: Resource and Environmental Issues in the Developing Countries and the United States. Research Paper R-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book provides an overview of the food situation in developing nations and in the United States as it will be until the end of the 20th century. Specifically, the research focuses on interrelationships among world food needs, resources, and environmental issues. The document is presented in seven chapters. Chapter I presents background on the…

Crosson, Pierre R.; Frederick, Kenneth D.

16

Introduction to Hydrology Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This research paper assignment is designed for my Junior level Hydrology course for majors. The intent of the project to to make sure my students can conduct literature reviews, outline a research project and obtain practice in formatting their work for publication. Getting my students prepared to enter the workforce and/or graduate school with these skill sets is imperative for their future success, since in the sciences we write more than we conduct research.

Ward, James

17

National Environmental Research Parks  

SciTech Connect

The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.

Not Available

1994-07-01

18

ERPA: European Research Papers Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ERPA, the European Research Papers Archive, provides a common interface for searching a database of online working papers relevant to European integration. Contributors to the archive include the Robert Schuman Centre of the Academy of European Law at the European University Institute, the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, the Jean Monnet Working Papers Series at Harvard Law School, and the European Communities Studies Association-Austria. Users can select either a short form to search recent additions to the archive or a long form to either or to also access the many advanced search options, including full-text searches.

19

Research Paper on Curricular Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this research paper is on the role of teachers and the teaching strategies used in classrooms. The premise is that teachers are now realizing that they need to reach beyond traditional ways of teaching in order to assist their students in acquiring a deeper understanding of the topics being studied while developing critical thinking…

Hall, Arnita Rena

2006-01-01

20

Evaluating Impact. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers in this collection address issues related to participatory approaches to assessing impact. The first section, "What Is an Impact Study and How Should We Do It?" contains: (1) "Participatory Impact Assessment" (John Shotton); (2) "Participatory Action Research as an Approach to Impact Assessment" (Victoria McKay); (3) "Participatory…

McKay, Veronica, Ed.; Treffgarne, Carew, Ed.

21

Abstracts of Research Papers 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume includes the abstracts of 112 research papers presented at the 1971 American Association of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation convention in Detroit, Michigan. Abstracts from the following symposia are also included: a) The Role of Perception in Learning Movement Activities; b) The Academic Discipline and the School Program:…

Fox, Katharine, Ed.

22

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY - CORVALLIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Research Laboratory - Corvallis is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's - national research center for terrestrial and watershed ecology, aquatic ecoregions, and for the ecological effects of climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and atmospheric p...

23

Roundtable Discussion Groups Summary Papers: Environmental BioIndicators in Coral Reef Ecosystems: The Need to Align Research, Monitoring, and Environmental Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Editors' Note:At the 14 International Conference on Environmental Bioindicators (14 ICEBI) held in Linthicum Heights, Maryland, USA on 24–26 April 2006, the Conference Chairs and Program Committee initiated the Roundtable Discussion Groups as a regular feature of this and future conferences. The Discussions are designed to generate focused debate around key topic areas, led by academic, government and industry experts,

Paul W. Sammarco; Pamela Hallock; Judith C. Lang; Richard S. LeGore

2007-01-01

24

Writing good software engineering research papers: minitutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify the types of research reported in the submitted

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

25

Research Papers and Their Pitfalls (Teaching Ideas).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an approach to teaching the student research paper that improves the quality of arguments and prose. Reviews specific steps to writing and researching the research paper, which include free writing on a topic of interest, formulating a research question, interviewing and surveying, initial drafting of an argument, and (only after these…

Szentkiralyi, Endre

1996-01-01

26

Environmental monitoring for nuclear safeguards. Background paper  

SciTech Connect

To assure that states are not violating their Non-Proliferation Treaty commitments, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) must verify that states do not possess convert nuclear facilities-a mission that prior to the 1991 Gulf War, it had neither the political backing nor the resources to conduct. The IAEA recognizes the importance of this new mission and is in the process of assuming it. One of the tools it is exploring to provide some indication of the presence of secret, or undeclared, nuclear activities and facilities is environmental monitoring. Modern sampling and analysis technologies provide powerful tools to detect the presence of characteristic substances that are likely to be emitted by such illicit activities. This background paper examines the prospects for such technologies to improve nuclear safeguards. It concludes that environmental monitoring can greatly increase the ability to detect undeclared activity at declared, or known, sites, and it can significantly increase the chances of detecting and locating undeclared sites.

NONE

1995-09-01

27

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

· What concrete evidence shows that your result Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

28

The Research Paper: A Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers why the traditional research paper seems to have been part of the English curriculum forever. Provides a glimpse at what teachers in the past have done to alter its teaching and final format and provides a background against which English teachers may want to reevaluate and reinspire their own teaching of the research paper. (SG)|

Moulton, Margaret R. "Cookie"; Holmes, Vicki L.

2003-01-01

29

The Research Paper: A Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers why the traditional research paper seems to have been part of the English curriculum forever. Provides a glimpse at what teachers in the past have done to alter its teaching and final format and provides a background against which English teachers may want to reevaluate and reinspire their own teaching of the research paper. (SG)

Moulton, Margaret R. "Cookie"; Holmes, Vicki L.

2003-01-01

30

Environmental Research Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The assignment is the development of scientific research project proposal, tailored to a specific range of course-appropriate topics and mimicked after current calls for NSF proposals in Environmental Science, Environmental Engineering, or Low temperature geochemistry. Project components include a one paragraph pitch, submission of a draft for peer-review, and submission of the final proposal with a response to peer comments. A final, oral or poster presentation is an optional component. This is a multi-week assignment, and typically a significant componenent of the course grade.

Robins, Colin

31

Environmental Economics Research Strategy. Appendices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2005 Environmental Economics Research Strategy (EERS) presents a conceptual framework for future economics and decision science research of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This research strategy identifies the economics and decision sc...

2005-01-01

32

Tips for Preparing a Scientific Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tips prepared by the Woods Hole Sea Grant Program, with help from researchers, librarians, and teachers. Designed to help middle school or high school students organize their research papers from beginning to end, takes it step-by-step and week-by-week. Covers: how to start, identifying a topic; outlining the project, compiling resources, finding help; organizing resources, recognizing when you have enough; expanding the outline, writing clearly and logically; and reviewing the paper.

2010-08-03

33

Indexing Research Papers in Open Access Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper synthesizes the actions performed in order to transform a classic\\u000ascientific research journal - 'Annals. Computer Science Series' - available\\u000aonly in printed form until 2008, into a modern e-journal with free access to\\u000athe full text of the articles. For achieving this goal, the research papers\\u000ahave been included in various article databases, portals and library catalogs

Alexandra-Emilia Fortis

2009-01-01

34

Reading for Pleasure: The Research Paper Reconsidered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a research paper assignment in which students choose a controversial news event reported by six to eight newspapers and arrive at a thesis by comparing the accounts. Notes that students become truly engaged with the assignment and that engagement shows itself strongly in the intelligence and life of the papers. (RS)|

Kotler, Janet

1989-01-01

35

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center: Opportunities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) lists a variety of funding opportunities, including internship projects for undergraduates or graduate students (in Global Change, Landscape Ecology, Ecology of Coastal Ecosystems, Environmental Engineering, and other subjects) and fellowships for graduate students or postdocs (in many research areas). Interested applicants should contact the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.

1999-01-01

36

Paper. Environmental Ecological Education Project. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This unit is designed to help the intermediate elementary school student become aware of the history of paper, the papermaking process, the variety of uses and kinds of paper, the economic aspects of the paper industry, and the importance of recycling. It includes 13 major concepts relating to paper, the behavioral objectives and expected student…

Parkway School District, Chesterfield, MO.

37

Research Paper Step #1: Task Definition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project will help students choose a topic for a research paper. Students will be researching the effects of a a well-known person, event, or idea. Standard 1: Students will use vocabulary development and an understanding of text elements to comprehend literary and informational grade level text. Standard 3: Students will understand the process if seeking and giving information in conversations, group discussions, written reports, and oral presentations. Objective: Students will use a variety of ...

Haws, Mrs.

2007-11-08

38

Environmental Education Research: To What Ends?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper engages questions about ends in environmental education research. In doing so, I argue that such questions are essentially normative, and that normative questions are underrepresented in this field. After cautioning about perils of prescribing research agendas, I gently suggest that in environmental education key normative questions…

Jickling, Bob

2009-01-01

39

Research Abstracts of ACE 2001 Research Paper Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides abstracts of nine research papers presented at the 2001 Agricultural Communication in Education annual conference. Includes papers on food safety, critical thinking, distance education, information technologies, agricultural news sources, and genetically engineered foods. (JOW)|

Journal of Applied Communications, 2001

2001-01-01

40

Incorporating Film into the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers face two serious difficulties when assigning research papers: (1) motivation and mental disposition; and (2) plagiarism as a by-product of the Web. In this article, the authors describe how they have addressed both these problems by strategically using appropriate motion pictures as entrees into the subject matter and as points of…

Fontenot, Michael J.; Fontenot, Karen A.

2008-01-01

41

Rural Extension Services. Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes the considerations that lead policy makers to undertake extension investments as a key public responsibility, as well as the complex set of factors and intra-agency incentives that explain variations in performance between different extension systems. The goals of extension include transferring knowledge from researchers to…

Anderson, Jock R.; Feder, Gershon

42

Facilitating Coherence across Qualitative Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bringing the various elements of qualitative research papers into coherent textual patterns presents challenges for authors and editors alike. Although individual sections such as presentation of the problem, review of the literature, methodology, results, and discussion may each be constructed in a sound logical and structural sense, the…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Duffy, Maureen; St. George, Sally; Wulff, Dan

2011-01-01

43

Incorporating Film into the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers face two serious difficulties when assigning research papers: (1) motivation and mental disposition; and (2) plagiarism as a by-product of the Web. In this article, the authors describe how they have addressed both these problems by strategically using appropriate motion pictures as entrees into the subject matter and as points of…

Fontenot, Michael J.; Fontenot, Karen A.

2008-01-01

44

Writing the Original Medical Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

An original article is generally considered a cornerstone of modern research. It is a detailed written presentation of novel and original data that undergo peer review. The current paper describes in detail how to draw up an original article effectively, using strategies such as modern information technology and a rational sequence of writing title page, materials and methods, figures and

Thomas Andersen Schmidt; Jan Bech; Keld Kjeldsen

2005-01-01

45

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION ASSESSMENT FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PAPER ROLLS, INK ROLLS, INK RIBBONS, AND MAGNETIC AND THERMAL TRANSFER RIBBON  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. aste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) were established at selected un...

46

How to Write Your First Research Paper  

PubMed Central

Writing a research manuscript is an intimidating process for many novice writers in the sciences. One of the stumbling blocks is the beginning of the process and creating the first draft. This paper presents guidelines on how to initiate the writing process and draft each section of a research manuscript. The paper discusses seven rules that allow the writer to prepare a well-structured and comprehensive manuscript for a publication submission. In addition, the author lists different strategies for successful revision. Each of those strategies represents a step in the revision process and should help the writer improve the quality of the manuscript. The paper could be considered a brief manual for publication.

Kallestinova, Elena D.

2011-01-01

47

7th Grade Country Research Paper  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We live in a global society with people in our schools from many different countries and cultures. Many of the world's problems could be eliminated if we all had a greater understanding of each other. This project will help you learn about a specific country and it's people and culture. You will share what you've learned with your class and will learn from other classmates. You will choose a country you want to learn more about. You have learned about the Big 6 researching skills and will use those and a webquest to guide you through the research process. Then you will write a three page research paper. In addition to learning about countries and cultures, you will also develop inquiry skills that are part of the language arts core, and researching skills that are part of the Utah library media core. This is a major project and will be a large part of your grade this semester. You will be graded on: the information you gather from the webquest, how well you put the information together, the quality of your final project, and how well you share what you've learned with others. Objectives: Utah Library Media Core Standard Standard 6512-02 Students will identify, evaluate, and select resources Language Arts Core Standard Standard 3 (Inquiry/Research/Oral Presentation) Students will understand the process of seeking and giving information in written reports and oral presentations (Task Definition) Your task is to write a three page research paper on a country ...

Mathews, Ms.

2009-11-30

48

Environmental Research. Volume 1. Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TVA's environmental research activities are focused on five key environmental issues: acid deposition, air quality (including indoor air quality), waste management, groundwater quality, and surface water quality. This year another section, Forest and Wild...

L. R. Brown

1986-01-01

49

A Decade of Research on the Environmental Impacts of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents in Canada: Development and Application of Fish Bioassays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory tests have been used to assess the regulatory and research questions related to the effects of pulp mill effluents on aquatic biota. Acute, short-term laboratory tests have clearly shown the improvement in final effluent quality following installation of secondary treatment at Canadian pulp mills. In an effort to predict and investigate impacts on wild fish, laboratory bioassays were developed

Joanne L. Parrott; Mark E. McMaster; L. Mark Hewitt

2006-01-01

50

Library Theory and Research Section. Education and Research Division. Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papers on library/information science theory and research, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) 'The Role of the Library in Computer-Aided Information and Documentation Systems,'...

1983-01-01

51

House of Commons Library Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK House of Commons has recently created a site that offers access to the full text of Research Papers (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) which are compiled for the benefit of British Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library. An occasional series focusing on topics of current parliamentary interest, the papers, "aim to be politically impartial and contain factual information as well as a range of opinions on each subject covered." Recently released titles include: "EU Enlargement: The Political Process," "EU Enlargement: The Financial Consequences," "Northern Ireland: political developments since 1972," "The local elections of 7 May 1998 and the London Referendum," and "Unemployment by Constituency: Welfare-to-work groups - April 1998."

Library., Great B.

1998-01-01

52

NATO and nuclear proliferation. Research paper  

SciTech Connect

This research project explores the topic of nuclear proliferation in the current, post-Cold War environment. The intention is to provide the military planner with a basic primer on what has been and will continue to be a highly dynamic problem. The methodology for this research is primarily a literature review to illuminate the nuclear proliferation issue. These topics are critically assessed as they relate to NATO. This process will highlight tasks which NATO should consider accomplishing to confront the challenge of nuclear proliferation. Included in Chapter 1 is an examination of the nuclear environment - which states presently possess or are in pursuit of acquiring nuclear weapons, and what are the motives and disincentives of this pursuit. Methods of proliferation will be explored followed by an analysis of the factors which complicate decision-making on nuclear issues. Chapter 2 discusses the effectiveness of current treaties and international organizations in countering proliferation. Chapter 3 investigates current issues confronting NATO. An overview of the alliance`s new proliferation policy is included in Chapter 4. The paper`s fundamental theme is to provide the reader an understanding of the proliferation issue as well as an appreciation for today`s opportunities to confront the problem.

Necas, P.; Oliveira, L.; Alligood, M.J.; Frake, S.; Viloria-Villega, J.L.

1996-04-01

53

Locating the Environmental in Environmental Education Research: "What" Research--And Why?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the challenge of "locating the environmental in environmental education research" and does so with particular reference to previously published work by St Maurice (1996), Stables (2001) and Kaufman et al. (2001). At one level these three extracts are about the same thing: that is, they are about environmental education…

Gough, Stephen

2006-01-01

54

Why Ontology Matters to Reviewing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper responds to a keynote paper presented by William Scott at the 2007 World Environmental Education Congress held in Durban, South Africa. The keynote address reviewed 30 years of environmental education research. In this response to William Scott's paper I contemplate the way in which environmental education research may enable…

Lotz-Sisitka, Heila

2009-01-01

55

Earth's radiation belts. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

This report develops radiation belt transport theory from physical principles and compares the results with experimental data. It also provides an easy reference to the present empirical radiation flux models with some simple application techniques given. Specialized topics include shell-splitting, effects of wave-particle interactions, the ring current, geosynchronous environment, nuclear detonations and radiation effects. Heavy ions are specifically highlighted as a significant component of the radiation belts.

Spjeldvik, W.N.; Rothwell, P.L.

1983-09-20

56

Nuclear methods in environmental and energy research  

SciTech Connect

A total of 75 papers were presented on nuclear methods for analysis of environmental and biological samples. Sessions were devoted to software and mathematical methods; nuclear methods in atmospheric and water research; nuclear and atomic methodology; nuclear methods in biology and medicine; and nuclear methods in energy research.

Vogt, J R [ed.

1980-01-01

57

Environmental research. Volume 1. Summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

TVA's environmental research activities are focused on five key environmental issues: acid deposition, air quality (including indoor air quality), waste management, groundwater quality, and surface water quality. This year another section, Forest and Wildlife Management, has been added to describe TVA's activities in natural resource management. TVA's current natural resource management efforts are summarized in the last section of the

1986-01-01

58

Environmental Research and Training Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following aspects of the Environmental Research and Training Center (ERTC) are introduced: (1) Thailand took responsibility for land preparation, construction of access roads and fences, extension of electricity, telephone, and water supplies to the s...

P. Taranatham

1992-01-01

59

Marine Environmental Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Maine-based research facility studies pollutant impacts on marine mammals, water quality monitoring, and coastal impacts. Also maintains a seal stranding response and rescue center. Public outreach programs feature speakers, lending library, and Ocean Aquarium Room with regional marine life. Experiential education programs including onsite visits and ecological cruises are offered for schools and the community, fees apply. Summer internships available for undergraduate and graduate students.

60

Investigation of Cause in Pulp and Paper Environmental Effects Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) Programs in Canada have been developed for the pulp and paper and metal min- ing industries. The EEM Program conducts cyclical evaluations of receiving environments to determine whether effects exist when facilities comply with existing regulations. Investigation of cause (IOC) is a specific stage in the EEM Program that is used after environmental effects in fish

L. Mark Hewitt; Monique G. Dubé; Sandra C. Ribey; Joseph M. Culp; Richard Lowell; Kathleen Hedley; Bruce Kilgour; Cameron Portt; Deborah L. MacLatchy; Kelly R. Munkittrick

2005-01-01

61

Teaching residents to write a research paper.  

PubMed

Medical writing and publications are important in developing a scholarly basis for residency programs and in providing a learning experience for both resident and faculty mentors. Residency directors must provide the stimulus and support for both faculty and residents' varied creative activities. This support manifests itself in a commitment to scholarly activity (including a dedicated research person), the procurement of available research materials, the establishment of a process or plan for beginning a research project, and the development of a method for rewarding or recognizing faculty and residents who produce scholarly works. Some osteopathic residency programs may need to train faculty in research skills at the same time that residents are learning to write. Trained faculty are better models and coaches for residents engaged in research. Beginning with a fundamental, but disciplined, writing program, both faculty and residents may learn methods for sharing new knowledge or acquiring those skills necessary to critically analyze the medical literature. PMID:8244789

Coleridge, S T

1993-09-01

62

The economic and environmental impact of paper recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Optimal Fibre Flow?model, a combined optimization and simulation model, calculates the optimal combination of energy recovery and recycling of waste paper for paper and board production. In addition, the environmental impact is estimated by using an Environment Load Unit?index (ELU?index). The ELU?index assigns an environmental load value to emissions and to the use of non?renewable resources such as oil

Stig Byström; Lars Lönnstedt

1997-01-01

63

Applied Information Management (AIM) Institute Research Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to keep current with the dynamic environment in information technology, education, and economic development, the Applied Information Management (AIM) Institute participates in a variety of research-oriented activities. These research studies focus on survey data that helps identify key characteristics of Nebraska's and surrounding area's information technology environment including trends in the IT department's role, technology usage, educational requirements, and workforce challenges.

2011-09-22

64

Reading Titles of Empirical Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The restricted time allocated to courses and the immediate need to read literature in English necessitates the teaching of selective reading in many English as a foreign language contexts. This paper reports on one element of an expeditious (quick, effective, efficient and selective) reading course for learners in an English for Academic Purposes…

Labassi, Tahar

2009-01-01

65

How to Write a Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Busy strokologists often find little time for scientific writing. They sometimes develop a mental condition equivalent to that known by neurologists as writer’s cramp. It may result in permanent damage to academic career. This paper provides advice how to prevent or treat this condition. Methods: Prepare your manuscript following the IMRaD principle (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion), with every

Andrei V. Alexandrov

2004-01-01

66

Abstracts of Research Papers 1977 AAHPER Convention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of abstracts describes papers written on the following topics: (1) Strength Physiology; (2) Learning Disabilities (motor); (3) Physiology - General; (4) Work Capacity; (5) Measurement and Recreation; (6) Biomechanics; (7) Professional Preparation (physical education); (8) Muscle Performance; (9) Sociology of Sport; (10) History of…

Sage, George H., Ed.

67

PAPER PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING - OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL RELEASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents an analysis of chemicals and processes used during the production and processing of paper and paper goods with emphasis on the workplace exposure and environmental release of chemicals from these operations. Reviews of chemical substances in this report are i...

68

Pfleger Institute of Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1998, the Pfleger Institute of Environmental Research (PIER) is a non-profit organization "dedicated to education and research of the marine environment." From their headquarters in Oceanside, California, their team of scientists continues to work on a variety of studies on thresher sharks, roosterfish, and the giant sea bass. Visitors can also click on the "Publications" section to read the results of some of their scientific endeavors over the years.

69

Research Paper Recommender Systems: A Random-Walk Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every day researchers from all over the world have to filter the huge mass of existing research papers with the crucial aim of finding out useful publications related to their current work. In this paper we propose a research paper recommending algorithm based on the citation graph and random-walker properties. The PaperRank algorithm is able to assign a preference score

Marco Gori; Augusto Pucci

2006-01-01

70

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN CHILDREN'S ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

PubMed Central

Community engagement strategies and skills can build trust and reduce historical mistrust between researchers, communities and populations being studied, as well as contribute to the quality of study designs, methods and dissemination of findings. This review paper discusses why community engagement is of increasing importance in children’s environmental health research, describes models and the continuum of methods that are used and discusses their challenges and benefits. Two case studies, representing different study designs and using different community engagement models and methods, and lessons learned from these cases are described. Community engagement methods are best understood on a continuum based on the degree to which community members or representatives of community populations are involved in research planning, decision making and dissemination. Methods along this continuum include community consultation, community based participatory research(CBPR) and community consent to research. Community engagement knowledge and skills are especially important in the conduct of children’s environmental health research with its emphasis on reducing environmental risks at the community level; the increasing focus on genetics and gene-environment interactions; and the importance placed on translation of scientific results into behaviors and policies that protect the community. Across study designs, whether qualitative survey research, an observational epidemiology study, or a randomized intervention trial, understanding community interests, norms and values is necessary to describe attitudes and behaviors of specific population groups, build evidence of cause and effect between environmental exposures and health and/or that demonstrate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce risks.

Brenner, Barbara L.; Manice, Melissa P.

2010-01-01

71

78 FR 56817 - Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information Order; Referendum Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number AMS-FV-11-0069; FR-B] RIN 0581-AD21 Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research and Information...referendum to determine whether issuance of a proposed Paper and Paper-Based Packaging Promotion, Research...

2013-09-16

72

A working paper on the structuring of environmental design education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure of contemporary environmental design is distorted by paradoxes perpetuated by the professional associations, practitioners, university faculties, and many design students prior to their graduation. Although landscape architectural education is utilized, in this paper, to exemplify three of the structuring paradoxes, planners, architects, and interior designers will readily note similarities within their own respective professional educational processes. The paradoxes

Bob Scarfo

1988-01-01

73

SERS internship fall 1995 abstracts and research papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a compilation of twenty abstracts and their corresponding full papers of research projects done under the US Department of Energy Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) program. Papers cover a broad range of topics, for example, e...

B. Davis

1996-01-01

74

Subject classification of research papers based on interrelationships analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding scientific papers and journals relevant to a particular area of research is a concern for many people including students, professors, and researchers. A subject classification of papers facilitates the search process. That is, having a list of subjects in a research field, we try to find out to which subject(s) a given paper is more related. This task can

Mohsen Taheriyan

2011-01-01

75

Engaging children: research issues around participation and environmental learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we explore a number of issues arising from the papers in this special issue of Environmental Education Research. The papers focus on current examples of childhood environment research in the UK together with research reviews from the UK, the US and Australia. In order to provide a framework for considering and contextualizing this research we explore conceptions

Elisabeth Barratt Hacking; Robert Barratt; William Scott

2007-01-01

76

Forest genetic research at the Institute of Paper Chemistry  

Treesearch

Source: In: Proceedings of the Ninth Lake States Forest Tree Improvement Conference; Res ... Description: Forest genetics research is carried on in the Genetics and ... chemistry, chemical engineering, mathematics, and environmental control.

77

Environmental costs at a Canadian paper mill: a case study of Environmental Management Accounting (EMA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Environmental Management Accounting (EMA) framework is applied to the 2000 year-end financial report for the Mackenzie Paper Division paper mill owned and operated by Abitibi-Consolidated Inc. of Montreal, Quebec. A conventional reading of the obvious environmental costs from this financial report is Cdn$2,196,838. This figure is derived from an analysis of effluent treatment costs and other line item environmental

Robert Gale

2006-01-01

78

Space and Geometry. Papers from a Research Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seven papers presented at a research conference on space and geometry are contained in this monograph. The first paper gives an historical sketch of the development of geometry and discusses several considerations for selecting geometric content for the elementary school. Two papers deal with Piaget's research into the child's development of…

Martin, J. Larry, Ed.; Bradbard, David A., Ed.

79

On the recommending of citations for research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative filtering has proven to be valuable for recommending items in many different domains. In this paper, we explore the use of collaborative filtering to recommend research papers, using the citation web between papers to create the ratings matrix. Specifically, we tested the ability of collaborative filtering to recommend citations that would be suitable additional references for a target research

Sean M. McNee; Istvan Albert; Dan Cosley; Prateep Gopalkrishnan; Shyong K. Lam; Al Mamunur Rashid; Joseph A. Konstan; John Riedl

2002-01-01

80

Researching Schools' Contributions to Sustainable Development: Perspectives on Environmental Education and Environmental Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a proposal for an international research initiative [DREAMS-Direct Research in Education And environmental Management in Schools] which aims to develop an indicative methodology for evaluating the contribution of environmental management systems to the 'implementation of sustainable development' in schools. The research

Scott, William; Gough, Stephen; Reid, Alan

81

Research on Coal Environmental Cost Optimization Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

With an increase in the scale of society and the economy, coal environmental problems are becoming more serious and the environmental cost is increasing twofold. Environmental problems cause many social issues and economic losses for enterprises. The optimization of the environmental cost becomes more and more important. This paper analyzes the major types of coal environmental costs. Based on the

Wenyu Lu; Weiming Li

2009-01-01

82

A model for conducting experimental environmental accounting research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to survey the research methods employed in the extant environmental accounting literature, finding few experimental studies. The need for more experimentation in the literature is discussed, as well as how experiments' unique methodological advantages can help address important environmental accounting issues. These issues culminate in a proposed model for conducting experimental environmental

Hank C. Alewine

2010-01-01

83

Doing REAL History: Citing Your Mother in Your Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a project for high school students where the students write research papers that incorporate oral history interviews. Provides a list of questions students can answer and excerpts from students' research papers. Discusses which National Council for the Social Studies standards the assignment addresses. (CMK)|

Libresco, Andrew S.

2001-01-01

84

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends from Academic Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic Term Recognition (ATR) is concerned with discovering terminology in large volumes of text corpora. Technical terms are vital elements for understanding the techniques used in academic research papers, and in this paper, we use focused technical terms to explore technical trends in the research literature. The major purpose of this work is to understand the relationship between techniques and

Teng-kai Fan; Chia-hui Chang

2008-01-01

85

Prove Your Case: A New Approach to Teaching Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a new approach to teaching the process of writing research papers to college freshmen. Instructors explain the analogy that a student writing a research paper is like a lawyer defending a court case: lawyers frame their case (as students define their topic), search out evidence (as students search for sources), present the…

Broskoske, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

86

Doing REAL History: Citing Your Mother in Your Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project for high school students where the students write research papers that incorporate oral history interviews. Provides a list of questions students can answer and excerpts from students' research papers. Discusses which National Council for the Social Studies standards the assignment addresses. (CMK)

Libresco, Andrew S.

2001-01-01

87

New Approaches to Research on Leadership and Governance. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how to design useful research and scholarship on higher education governance, trusteeship, and the academic presidency, proposing radically altered decision making mechanisms and several research approaches derived from the humanities and social sciences. The paper describes the world into which today's graduates are moving,…

Kolodny, Annette

2000-01-01

88

The Multigenre Paper: Increasing Interest, Motivation, and Functionality in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how undergraduate secondary English education majors in a course on teaching writing defined and created the multigenre research paper, researching a topic and then writing a number of pieces that integrated and interpreted their findings. Notes students' enthusiasm, creativity and ownership; shows two student papers; and describes using…

Moulton, Margaret R. "Cookie"

1999-01-01

89

Interactions between operational research and environmental management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth is frequently considered to be in conflict with sustainable development and environmental quality. Therefore, a decision maker needs to know how to deal with the environmental issues that come around. This article aims to inform Operational Researchers of the possibilities of incorporating environmental issues when analyzing industrial supply chains and to inform environmental scientists more generally of the

Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard; Paul van Beek; Leen Hordijk; Luk N. Van Wassenhove

1995-01-01

90

Behaviorist EE Research: Environmentalism as Individualism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article continues a dialogue about the nature of environmental education research by establishing the behaviorist nature of the dominant approach to environmental education research and exploring implications for environmentalism of one aspect of the politics of methods of this dominant behaviorist approach--the tendency to individualize the…

Robottom, Ian; Hart, Paul

1995-01-01

91

Environmental Research Laboratories Publication Abstracts, FY 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL) are the research component of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). They are responsible for conducting oceanic and atmospheric research in support of NOAA's mission to describe and predi...

1992-01-01

92

C-20A Environmental Science Research Aircraft  

NASA Website

NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center operates a C-20A, a military version of the Gulfstream III business jet, as an environmental science research aircraft for a variety of geophysical research missions.

93

Scholarly Paper Recommendation via User's Recent Research Interests  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the effect of modeling a researcher's past works in recommending scholarly papers to the researcher. Our hypothesis is that an author's published works constitute a clean signal of the latent interests of a researcher. A key part of our model is to en- hance the profile derived directly from past works with information coming from the past works'

Kazunari Sugiyama; Min-Yen Kan

2010-01-01

94

Environmental Design Research: A Faculty View.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the development of a definition of environmental design research (EDR), discusses priority setting for EDR, and outlines proposals for environmental projects based on philosophy and theory, performance, and process. High priority rese...

J. King S. A. Guregian

1979-01-01

95

Operations research applications in the pulp and paper industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Operations research, the quantitative study of optimally allocating limited resources among competing activities, became associated with pulp and paper industries in the beginning of the 1960s through applications to the cutting stock problem facing finis...

H. Halvorsen

1991-01-01

96

How (not) to write research papers in agroforestry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication of research results is an integral part of research. The most recognized way of doing that is through well-presented\\u000a publications. In order to get published, papers should be written well; but many writers, especially early-career professionals,\\u000a have difficulty with that. This paper presents some of the common problems the author has come across in his capacity as the\\u000a Editor-in-Chief

P. K. R. Nair

2005-01-01

97

Requirements of a good analytical chemistry research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

A good analytical chemistry research paper may be defined as one that passes the critical review of one’s peers for publication\\u000a in a recognized reviewed jour-nal. Factors to consider in publishing an analytical paper include careful selection of the\\u000a right journal, clear concise presentation that emphasizes the re-search contribution and its significance to the field, and\\u000a careful revision if called

Josephine M. Petruzzi

1977-01-01

98

Writing Research Papers. A Norton Guide. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to take students on a guided tour of entire research projects, from developing interests and focusing ideas to producing finished papers, through the experiences of five students, this book also provides exhaustive coverage of research mechanics. Checklists throughout the book (and indexed inside the front cover) allow students to review…

Walker, Melissa

99

Teaching the Research Paper through Inquiry-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The freshman research paper can be a labor for both the teacher and the student with its many layers of skills and expectations. While academia has moved beyond note cards and simplified documentation models, students continue to get lost in the research process, often to the point that instructors may even wonder if they had been teaching in an…

Zeek, Sara

2011-01-01

100

A Lightweight Approach to Semantic Annotation of Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel application of a semantic annotation system, named Cerno, to analyze research publications in electronic format. Specifically, we address the problem of providing automatic support for authors who need to deal with large volumes of research documents. To this end, we have developed Biblio, a user-friendly tool based on Cerno. The tool directs the user's attention

Nicola Zeni; Nadzeya Kiyavitskaya; Luisa Mich; John Mylopoulos; James R. Cordy

2007-01-01

101

Educational Research: A Perspective. Occasional Paper 05/84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on an analysis of the trends in educational research, the paper presents a conceptual model, general trends, and areas of need in educational research. Following an introduction, a conceptual model is presented which helps readers visualize three sets of variables. Set 1 variables center around the educational influences of social class,…

Mitra, Shib K.

102

Radiation Effects Research Foundation Bibliography of Published Papers, 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography lists the titles of a total of 75 papers published by members of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in 1986 (three of them published in 1985). The papers cover; 'The central nervous system and in utero exposure to ionizing radiatio...

1987-01-01

103

A Combination Ranking Model for Research Paper Social Bookmarking Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social bookmarking systems are essential tools for web resource discovery. The performance and capabilities of search results\\u000a from research paper bookmarking system are vital. This paper proposes a combination of similarity based indexing “tag title\\u000a and abstract” and static ranking to improve search results. In this particular study, the year of the published paper is combined\\u000a with similarity ranking called

Pijitra Jomsri; Siripun Sanguansintukul; Worasit Choochaiwattana

104

Ethical issues in international environmental health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental health problems are among the world's most significant health concerns. Although environmental risks are experienced disproportionately by people in developing countries, environmental health research (EHR) is conducted primarily in developed countries. Human subjects participate in five main types of EHR: (1) documentation and quantification of exposure to potentially hazardous substances; (2) elucidation of biological responses to these materials; (3)

J. V. Lavery; R. E. G. Upshur; R. R. Sharp; K. J. Hofman

2003-01-01

105

Environmental impact assessment of development-oriented research  

SciTech Connect

Development agencies` use of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project evaluation and monitoring portends its application to development-oriented research. This paper examines significant process-design issues raised by both research and development contexts. The research context presents a choice between stand-alone EIA nd its integration into general project evaluation. An adaptive approach to EIA is also discussed, particularly regarding the scoping issue of whether EIA should extend beyond research activities to the application of research outcomes. EIA could also be applied to the research funding policies of donor agencies. The development context requires the differing values by incorporated, since EIA methods are not value-neutral. The use of indigenous knowledge and the capacity-building potential of EIA are also discussed. The paper concludes that well-designed EIA could enhance the environmental quality of development-oriented research and its outcomes, and contribute to environmental capacity building.

Kennett, S.A.; Perl, A. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1995-07-01

106

Integrated research: concepts of connection in environmental science and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The idea of integration in research has risen rapidly in both environmental science and public environmental policy since the mid-1990s, and has encouraged innovative relationships between scientists and practitioners in a range of contexts. Yet the concept of integration is broad and ambiguous, which inhibits efforts to learn from these innovations. In this paper I review the different concepts

Lorrae van Kerkhoff

107

Integrated research: concepts of connection in environmental science and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of integration in research has risen rapidly in both environmental science and public environmental policy since the mid-1990s, and has encouraged innovative relationships between scientists and practitioners in a range of contexts. Yet the concept of integration is broad and ambiguous, which inhibits efforts to learn from these innovations. In this paper, I review the different concepts of

Lorrae van Kerkhoff

2005-01-01

108

Publishing And Refereeing Papers In Physics Education Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2007 Physics Education Research Conference, a workshop on publishing and refereeing was held with a panel of editors from four different publishing venues: the physics education research section of the American Journal of Physics, the Journal of the Learning Sciences, Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research, and the Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings. These editors answered questions from participants regarding publishing in their respective venues, as well as writing referee reports that would be useful to both journal editors and authors. This paper summarizes the discussion.

Hsu, Leon; Beichner, Robert; Cummings, Karen; Kolodner, Janet L.; McCullough, Laura

2007-11-01

109

Tennessee Valley Authority environmental research summary, 1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

This annual report summarizes environmental research activities of the Tennessee Valley Authority, conducted during fiscal year 1986. This research is conducted to identify and resolve environmental problems associated with TVA's programs. TVA also considers the search for effective, practical means of protecting and enhancing the environment to be a vital component of its mission to develop and conserve the natural

L. R. Brown; R. E. Green

1987-01-01

110

A Position Paper on CAI Research and Development. A Series Two Paper from ERIC at Stanford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After a critical review of the papers on Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) of several prominent educators, recommendations are proffered for CAI systems improvements prior to new research. These include replacing the typed message with an inexpensive cathode ray tube, developing the student interface as an efficient and pleasant carrel which…

Feldhusen, John H.; Lorton, Paul, Jr.

111

Environmental research to improve food safety  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective of this work is to demonstrate in a popular form how the EMFSL experimental environmental research looks and what results are expected. The research leader Dan Shelton explains the history and purpose of the research site creation. The information about the current field research group...

112

Analytical Instrumentation for Environmental Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bioflo reactor and the respirometer are used to carry out degradation experiments for various environmental pollutants present in propellants as well as degradation of energetic materials. The HPLC, and GC/MS, Capillary Electrophoresis, and the LC/Ms/...

G. P. Korfistis

1995-01-01

113

Process and Pitfalls in Writing Information Visualization Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this chapter is to help authors recognize and avoid a set of pitfalls that recur in many rejected information\\u000a visualization papers, using a chronological model of the research process. Selecting a target paper type in the initial stage\\u000a can avert an inappropriate choice of validation methods. Pitfalls involving the design of a visual encoding may occur during

Tamara Munzner

114

Partnership for Environmental Technology Education. Discussion Paper No. 106.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for broad cooperative effort directed toward the enhancement of science and mathematics education, including environmental science and technology, has been recognized as a national priority in the United States by government, industry, and the academic community. In an effort to address this need, the Partnership for Environmental

Dickinson, Paul R.

115

Environmental Education and Training in Brazil. Discussion Paper No. 84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazilian environmental education and training experience is recent but has a concrete base of generating awareness among all levels of the population and also aims to train people to protect, control and manage the use of environmental resources. Several visits were made by the author to organizations, enterprises and institutions from federal,…

Bruan, Ricardo

116

Going for the Green: Contests as Motivation for Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how the author's opinion of contests for students changed from generally negative to overwhelmingly positive after he had experience with them. Recounts his experiences with the contests and describes the projects entered by his history students. Concludes that contests can work well in motivating students to write research papers.…

Hoffman, Abraham

1987-01-01

117

Just the FAQs: An Alternative to Teaching the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changing the form of the traditional research paper often results in a greater emphasis on inquiry or FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). An alternative form of presentation that capitalizes on available technology and requires students to develop their thinking, reading, writing and presentation skills is presented.|

Strickland, James

2004-01-01

118

Sport, Health, Fitness and Dance. AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of symposium papers provides current synthesis of research in the field of physical education and health. In this volume the physiological aspects of physical activities are discussed. The effects of chronic heavy physical training in swimming are examined, comparing age groups and males and females. Stress factors are also…

Corbin, Charles B., Ed.

119

Just the FAQs: An Alternative to Teaching the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing the form of the traditional research paper often results in a greater emphasis on inquiry or FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). An alternative form of presentation that capitalizes on available technology and requires students to develop their thinking, reading, writing and presentation skills is presented.

Strickland, James

2004-01-01

120

Celebrating 20 years of historical papers in Photosynthesis Research.  

PubMed

This editorial has four goals: (1) to inform the readers of 'Photosynthesis Research' about the past of the 'Historical corner'; which began 20 years ago; (2) to encourage photosynthesis researchers and historians of science to contact me for publishing papers of historical interest; these include: (a) Obituaries and Tributes; (b) historical papers on current and past discoveries and controversies; (c) history of research in specific laboratories, or in specific countries, or at specific conferences; (d) Personal perspectives (not discussed any further); (3) to encourage researchers not to discard, but to save correspondence and data of their discoveries for the future historians by donating them to their Archives, when appropriate (not discussed any further); and (4) to reinforce to the readers that the concept of two-light reaction and two-pigment system was already there in 1959. I mention here three key papers presented at the IXth International Botanical Congress, held at Montreal Canada (in August, 1959) prior to the famous April 9, 1960 paper by Robert Hill and Fay Bendall on the 'Z-scheme' of photosynthesis, that was based on thermodynamic and energetic considerations. PMID:16633907

Govindjee

2006-01-26

121

Sport, Health, Fitness and Dance. AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of symposium papers provides current synthesis of research in the field of physical education and health. In this volume the physiological aspects of physical activities are discussed. The effects of chronic heavy physical training in swimming are examined, comparing age groups and males and females. Stress factors are also…

Corbin, Charles B., Ed.

122

Bibliometric Analysis for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency/Office of Research and Development's Drinking Water Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a bibliometric analysis of the papers prepared by intramural and extramural researchers of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Drinking Water Research Program. For this analysis, 910 papers were reviewed, and they were published from ...

2007-01-01

123

Qualitative methods in environmental health research.  

PubMed Central

Public health researchers increasingly turn to qualitative methods either on their own or in combination with quantitative methods. Qualitative methods are especially important to community environmental health research, as they provide a way to produce community narratives that give voice to individuals and characterize the community in a full and complex fashion. This article first traces the legacy of qualitative research in environmental health, then uses a case study of the author's experiences studying the Woburn, Massachusetts, childhood leukemia cluster to provide personal and scholarly insights on qualitative approaches. That material then informs a discussion of important components of qualitative methods in environmental health research, including flexible study design, access, trust, empathy, and personal shifts in the researcher's worldview, bias, and the nature of the researcher's roles. A concluding discussion addresses issues in funding policy and research practices.

Brown, Phil

2003-01-01

124

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 48th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication was produced by the ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education in cooperation with the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST) to provide abstracts of most of the papers presented at the 48th annual conference in Los Angeles, California, March 17-19, 1975. The…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

125

Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alberta Oil Sands Environmental Research Program of the Governments of Canada and Alberta aims to establish baseline data on aquatic and terrestrial fauna, meteorology, and air and water quality. Air research topics include plume dispersion, chemical constitution and transformation within plumes, and the deposition of pollutants. Land system research covers subjects such as the effects of airborne emissions, soil

W. R. Macdonald; H. S. Sandhu; J. W. Bottenheim; B. Munson

1980-01-01

126

Twenty problems frequently found in English research papers authored by Japanese researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes the research and results of a project designed to identify significant problems in English research papers authored by Japanese researchers, for whom English is a foreign language. Research text written by Japanese students, faculty, and corporate researchers in a wide range of scientific and technical fields was obtained in draft or final form for analysis, along with

Thomas Orr; Atsuko K. Yamazaki

2004-01-01

127

ISS Servir Environmental Research and Visualization System  

NASA Video Gallery

From the Marshall Space Flight Center’s Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) in Huntsville, Ala., NASA Public Affairs Officer Lori Meggs interviews Burgess Howell, Principal Investigator for the International Space Station Servir Environmental Research and Visualization System (ISERV).

Russell Todd D

2013-03-27

128

Environmental Research Program: FY 1988 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principal objective of the Environmental Research Program is to understand the formation, transformation, transport, and effects of energy-related pollutants on the environment, and how these are influenced by energy generation and emission control te...

1989-01-01

129

Lost in the Ashes: A Case Study Demonstrating the Importance of Embracing the Share Economy for Environmental and Scientific Journalism A Research Paper Submitted for the INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ONLINE JOURNALISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the economic downturn in the American market, many U.S. news organizations are unable to perform their social role at the previous scope and scale, and have reduced staffing, coverage and services to their consumers. Specialty beats like science and environmental reporting have been hit particularly hard, and some national news organizations (such as CNN) have cut such specialty

J. Richard Stevens

130

Current Environmental Research in Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 8 papers in the report deal with the following areas: Efficiency, Economic Incentives, and Noise Treatment Policy: The Ben-Gurion Airport Experience; Procedures for Evaluating Planned Development During the Noise Study Process; Automated Light Rail Tr...

E. Feitelson Force Pendakur

1989-01-01

131

Environmental Education throughout FE. 1: Policy and Strategy. FEDA Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1992 the Further Education Unit (FEU) published a guide to environmental action in Further Education colleges, "Colleges Going Green," that drew attention to the moral principle of sustainability that includes a duty of care for other people and forms of life and acknowledges the need to limit and to share the use of the earth's resources.…

Khan, Shirley Ali; Parkin, Christopher

1995-01-01

132

Technical Trend Analysis by Analyzing Research Papers' Titles  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The history of the elemental technologies (underlying technologies) used in a particular research field is essential for analyzing\\u000a technical trend in the field. However, it is too costly and time-consuming to collect and read all of the papers in the field\\u000a for the purpose of this analysis. Therefore, we have constructed a system that can recognize the application of elemental

Tomoki Kondo; Hidetsugu Nanba; Toshiyuki Takezawa; Manabu Okumura

2009-01-01

133

Policy Research Issues for Canadian Youth: Transition Experiences of Young Women. Research Paper Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is part of a research paper series that the Applied Research Branch of Human Resources Development Canada commissioned in 2001 to contribute to the development of a research strategy for young Canadians completing their education and starting their careers. The series focuses on various elements of the school-work transitions of…

Andres, Lesley

2002-01-01

134

Environmental Systems Research, FY-99 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The purpose for strengthening technical capabilities of the INEEL is to provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM). The original portfolio of research activities was assembled after an analysis of the EM technology development and science needs as gathered by the Site Technology Coordination Groups (STCGs) complex-wide. Current EM investments in science and technology throughout the research community were also included in this analysis to avoid duplication of efforts. This is a progress report for the second year of the ESR Program (Fiscal Year 99). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (a) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (b) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (c) Materials Dynamics, (d) Characterization Science, and (e) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas, are described.

Miller, David Lynn

2000-01-01

135

Environmental Systems Research FY-99 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The purpose for strengthening technical capabilities of the INEEL is to provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM). The original portfolio of research activities was assembled after an analysis of the EM technology development and science needs as gathered by the Site Technology Coordination Groups (STCGs) complex-wide. Current EM investments in science and technology throughout the research community were also included in this analysis to avoid duplication of efforts. This is a progress report for the second year of the ESR Program (Fiscal Year 99). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (a) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (b) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (c) Materials Dynamics, (d) Characterization Science, and (e) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas, are described.

Miller, D.L.

2000-01-01

136

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

137

Environmental Pollution, A Guide to Current Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compiled from data gathered in fiscal years 1969 and 1970 by the Science Information Exchange, Smithsonian Institution, this inventory of more than 4200 federally and non-federally supported environmental research projects represents an attempt to provide a meaningful look at the shape, complexity, and direction of current and recent research.…

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Science Information Exchange.

138

Environmental Pollution, A Guide to Current Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled from data gathered in fiscal years 1969 and 1970 by the Science Information Exchange, Smithsonian Institution, this inventory of more than 4200 federally and non-federally supported environmental research projects represents an attempt to provide a meaningful look at the shape, complexity, and direction of current and recent research.…

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Science Information Exchange.

139

PUBLICATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1971-1979. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER - RTP  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, a bibliography, lists published articles authored by the staff of the four Laboratories comprising EPA's Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, NC. These are the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, the Environmental Sciences Research Laborator...

140

Environmental research program. 1992 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to contribute to the understanding of the formation, mitigation, transport, transformation, and ecological effects of energy-related pollutants on the environment. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental and applied research in chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, and ecology. The program undertakes research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollution abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group investigates combustion, atmospheric processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Not Available

1993-07-01

141

Issues for environmental education and ESD research development: looking ahead from WEEC 2007 in Durban  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can we avoid inheriting serious issues from research related to environmental education when the researcher community is addressing education for sustainable development? This paper identifies and discusses three main issues: if an explicit and coherent concept of environmental education or education for sustainable development is missing; if the field is dominated by researchers with an environmental science background; and if

Soren Breiting

2009-01-01

142

Most important outcomes research papers on anticoagulation for cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed

The following are highlights from the new series, Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes Topic Review. This series will summarize the most important manuscripts, as selected by the Editor, that have been published in the Circulation portfolio. The objective of this new series is to provide our readership with a timely, comprehensive selection of important papers that are relevant to the quality and outcomes, and general cardiology audience. The studies included in this article represent the most significant research in the area of anticoagulation for cardiovascular disease. PMID:22991352

Bikdeli, Behnood; Gupta, Aakriti; Mody, Purav; Lampropulos, Julianna F; Dharmarajan, Kumar

2012-09-01

143

Environmentally Sustainable Biofuels: Advances in Biodiesel Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to diminishing petroleum reserves and the deleterious environmental consequences of exhaust gases from fossil-based fuels,\\u000a research on renewable and environmentally friendly fuels has received a lot of impetus in recent years. With oil at high prices,\\u000a alternate renewable energy has become very attractive. Many of these are eco-friendly. Besides ethanol, other unconventional\\u000a choices are: biodiesel made from non-edible sources

Palligarnai T. Vasudevan; Boyi Fu

2010-01-01

144

78 FR 44107 - Monadnock Paper Mills, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [ Project No. 6597-013-NH] Monadnock Paper Mills, Inc.; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of...

2013-07-23

145

Environmental Research Program. 1994 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multi-disciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally-benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and non-criteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems.

Brown, N.J.

1995-04-01

146

Research on Environmental Health Interventions: Ethical Problems and Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a variety of ethical issues one must consider when conducting research on environmental health interventions on human subjects. The paper uses the Kennedy Krieger Institute lead abatement study as well as a hypothetical asthma study to discuss questions concerning benefits and risks, risk minimization, safety monitoring, the duty to warn, the duty to report, the use of

DAVID B. RESNIK; DARRYL C. ZELDIN; RICHARD R. SHARP

2005-01-01

147

UCG environmental research: summary and suggested projections  

SciTech Connect

Recent UCG experiments sponsored by Government and Industry have yielded a broad and comprehensive environmental data base. Groundwater modifications involving hydrologic effects and water quality changes have been carefully documented over a period of several years at a number of UCG test sites. The effects of cavity roof collapse, including aquifer interconnection and surface susidence, have also been investigated both computationally and experimentally. The long term implications of these changes will require further study. Future research will also be guided by the need to extend our environmental knowledge to a broader range of hydrogeological conditions, to consider the application of available environmental knowledge to probable commercialization scenarios, and to explore the effectiveness of promising mitigation measures and control technologies. We have considered some specific problems at the Hoe Creek site that appear to need attention, and we discuss some general recommendations for environmental activities that we believe can help pave the way for a commercial UCG technology.

Mead, S.W.; Wang, F.T.; Stuermer, D.H.

1982-08-09

148

Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO) Glossary  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Boolean Operators:  AND, OR, and NOT are Boolean Operators. These three words can be used to make a query in a literature search more narrow or broad, or to exclude certain results.   From Health & Environmental Research Online (HERO) Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing (((why was) literature) created)

2012-12-10

149

Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself

Daniel M Kammen

2008-01-01

150

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving,…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

151

Research Perspectives on Education. Occasional Paper No. 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspectives on educational research are presented, and articles are included that reflect research projects that were undertaken at the Institute for Educational Research (IER) of the Human Services Research Council of the Republic of South Africa (RSA). Articles in this collection include: (1) "Educational Research in the RSA: Trends and…

Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria (South Africa). Inst. for Educational Research.

152

Green Revolutions: Environmental Reconstruction in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Worldwatch Paper 99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this paper is environmental issues facing Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union as they struggle with the momentous tasks of economic and political reform. Given the important role that environmental protest played in the upheavals, environmentalists have claimed a mandate for strong environmental controls. The state of the environment…

French, Hilary F.

153

Green Revolutions: Environmental Reconstruction in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Worldwatch Paper 99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is environmental issues facing Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union as they struggle with the momentous tasks of economic and political reform. Given the important role that environmental protest played in the upheavals, environmentalists have claimed a mandate for strong environmental controls. The state of the environment…

French, Hilary F.

154

Jaetepaperin Polton Ympaeristoevaikutukset Systeemiratkaisuna (System Analysis of Environmental Impacts of the Combustion of Waste Paper).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Combustion alternatives of diffrent waste paper grades that are unsuitable or difficult to recycle were studied. Environmental impacts of alternative methods of waste paper treatment - combustion, dump disposal and use for fibre raw material - were studie...

R. Palanterae

1996-01-01

155

Authorship of research papers: ethical and professional issues for short-term researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has published clear guidance on the authorship of scientific papers, short-term contract research workers, who perform much of the research that is reported in the biomedical literature, are often at a disadvantage in terms of recognition, reward and career progression. This article identifies several professional, ethical and operational issues associated with the

A Newman; R Jones

2006-01-01

156

Semiconductor Research Needs in the Nanoscale Physical Sciences: A Semiconductor Research Corporation Working Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to identify areas in the basic physical sciences where additional research is needed to sustain the extraordinary progress in electronics that has now extended for several decades. Also, it is argued that basic research will provide the foundation for the discovery of new generations of nanoelectronic devices that will continue the experimental rate of

Ralph K. Cavin III; Daniel J. C. Herr; Victor V. Zhirnov

2000-01-01

157

Auroral boundary index from 1983 to 1990. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

Since the release of the auroral boundary index for the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)/F2 satellite, equivalent midnight auroral equatorward boundaries have been routinely processed for the DMSP/F6,/F7,/F8 and /F9 satellites at the AFGL. The auroral equatorward boundary selection algorithm was modified from that for the SSJ/3 particle detector on the/F2 satellite to work for the next generation SSJ/4 instrument that flies on the later satellites. The final product presented here is comprised of a series of solar rotation plots, stacked five per page for the period 1 January 1983 to 15 May 1990. The equivalent midnight boundaries that are plotted are a subset of the complete data base. Only those boundaries occurring in the evening sector are used since there is little ambiguity in their selection. In addition, we apply other criteria that are somewhat satellite dependent. The original set of criteria used on the boundaries from the /F6 and /F7 satellites were modified when boundaries from /F8 and /F9 satellites became available. Since all plots of boundaries that made their way to the public before 1988 used the 'original' criteria, both 'original' and 'modified' criteria are explained.

Madden, D.; Gussenhoven, M.S.

1990-12-21

158

Mexico's northern border: Environmental dimensions. Intelligence research paper. Wall chart  

SciTech Connect

The Mexican Government has launched several projects to address the growing pollution on the border. Mexico is building water treatment plants and sewage systems, implementing vehicle-emissions testing, and developing solid and chemical waste disposal sites. The wall chart outlines current projects and border pollution trends. It includes aerial photographs of key sites.

Not Available

1992-08-01

159

Environmental Research Program: FY 1988 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The principal objective of the Environmental Research Program is to understand the formation, transformation, transport, and effects of energy-related pollutants on the environment, and how these are influenced by energy generation and emission control technology. The multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1988 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research Group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs, and development of novel methods for individual particle characterization. The Flue Gas Chemistry Research group is engaged in research whose aim is to help develop new processes for simultaneous SO/sub 2/ and NO/sub x/removal. The Combustion Research Group studies complex combustion processes by acquiring a fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical processes that determine the combustion efficiency, formation, and emissions of species from these processes. The Membrane Bioenergetics Group studies the effects of strongly chemically reactive compounds generated within cells. The main emphases in Analytical Chemistry have continued to be in the area of impacts and mass extinctions.

Not Available

1989-03-01

160

Environmental Law in the Supreme Court: Highlights from the Blackmun Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers of the late Justice Harry A. Blackmun provide a remarkably rich archive that documents how the Court, for nearly a quarter century, handled environmental cases during a period crucial to the development of environmental law. This Article reviews highlights of what the Blackmun papers reveal about the U.S. Supreme Court’s handling of environmental cases during Justice Blackmun’s service

Robert V. Percival

2005-01-01

161

SERS internship: Fall 1994 abstracts and research papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is a collection of articles generated as a result of the fall 1994 Science and Engineering Research Semester program at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Research titles include: electrochemical cells in the reduction of hexavalent chromium;...

B. Goldman

1994-01-01

162

SERS internship: Spring 1994 abstracts and research papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains abstracts from the science and engineering research semester at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Projects cover many areas, including contaminant removal from the environment, physics, and genetics research. Individual pr...

B. Goldman

1994-01-01

163

The Landscape Below Ground III Researcher Summit White Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the conference presentations, a researcher summit was held at the Morton Arboretum to assess the current state of root and soil research and identify future research needs. Seven distinct subgroups were identified within the broader topic of urban soils and root systems. They include: Nursery Production and Planting; Structural Root Depth; Construction and Infrastructure; Tree Stability; Root Growth and

Gary Watson; Andrew Koeser

164

Environmental education in three German?speaking countries: tensions and challenges for research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we explore a series of issues and tensions raised by the papers in this Special Issue of Environmental Education Research. The papers focus on developments in environmental education and ESD research in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In order to provide an alternative framework for contextualising and understanding the trends and challenges illustrated in the collection, we begin

Jutta Nikel; Alan Reid

2006-01-01

165

Comparative Review of Research on Environmental Impacts of Tourism in English and Chinese Literatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is experiencing an increasingly high level of recreation and tourism use of its environments but only limited studies of the environmental impacts of tourism have been published. This paper is based upon a collection of research papers on the environmental impacts of tourism in English and Chinese, especially research on carrying capacity and the physical impacts of tourism. The

Xiang Huang; Geoffrey Wall; Jigang Bao

2007-01-01

166

Environmental Education in Three German-Speaking Countries: Tensions and Challenges for Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we explore a series of issues and tensions raised by the papers in this Special Issue of "Environmental Education Research." This papers focus on developments in environmental education and ESD research in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In order to provide an alternative framework for contextualising and understanding the…

Nikel, Jutta; Reid, Alan

2006-01-01

167

Constructing Indices from Citations in Collections of Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosetta, an indexing and retrieval system indexes papers in a collection based on the way they have been described when referenced by other papers in the collection. Using Rosetta, simple natural language queries retrieve high-precision results in which descriptions based on citations clearly summarize retrieved papers, allowing users to quickly…

Bradshaw, Shannon; Hammond, Kristian

1999-01-01

168

Novel biotechnological approaches in environmental remediation research.  

PubMed

Two novel approaches, the use of Agrobacterium-transformed plant roots and mycelia cultures of fungi, are considered as research tools in the study of the remediation of soil, groundwater, and biowastes. Transformed roots are excellent model systems for screening higher plants that are tolerant of various inorganic and organic pollutants, and for determining the role of the root matrix in the uptake and further metabolism of contaminants. Edible and/or medicinal fungi may also be natural environmental remediators. Liquid cultures of fungal mycelia are appropriate model systems with which to commence screening and biochemical studies in this under-researched area of biotransformation. PMID:14538122

Pletsch, M; de Araujo, B S; Charlwood, B V

1999-12-30

169

Environmental Education throughout FE. 2: A Model and Unit of Environmental Learning Outcomes. FEDA Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes the outcomes of the "Colleges Going Green" project that sought to develop a widely applicable core of environmental learning outcomes (curriculum objectives) and illustrative learning assignments and to review activity in colleges and provide guidance on introducing environmental policy. This report also presents a unit of…

Lawrence, Allan; Parkin, Christopher

1995-01-01

170

Competence Mapping through Analysing Research Papers of a Scientific Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Main goal of a scientific community is the collaborative production of new knowledge through research and scholarship. An\\u000a integrative research approach, fostered by confrontation and collaboration among researchers, is widely recognized as a key\\u000a factor to improve the quality of production of a scientific community. Competence mapping is a valid approach to highlight\\u000a expertise, encourage re-use of knowledge, contributing significantly

Antonio P. Volpentesta; Alberto M. Felicetti

2011-01-01

171

The status and trends in food, industrial and environmental biotechnology research in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biotechnology offers industrial and environmental solutions through the use of living cells and or their products to provide goods and services. This paper reviews for the first time the status and trends in industrial and environmental biotechnology research in Zimbabwe for the past 25 years. An attempt is made to pinpoint significant research gaps, and the applications of the research

Wilson Parawira

172

Identifying citing sentences in research papers using supervised learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have largely focused on analyzing citation links from one scholarly work to another. Such citing sentences are an important part of the narrative in a research article. If we can automatically identify such sentences, we can devise an editor that helps suggest when a particular piece of text needs to be backed up with a citation or not. In

Kazunari Sugiyama; Tarun Kumar; Min-Yen Kan; Ramesh C. Tripathi

2010-01-01

173

SERS internship: Fall 1994 abstracts and research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication is a collection of articles generated as a result of the fall 1994 Science and Engineering Research Semester program at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Research titles include: electrochemical cells in the reduction of hexavalent chromium; an automated system for studying the power distribution of electron beams; the mapping of novel genes to human chromosome 19; bolometer analysis comparisons; design

Goldman

1994-01-01

174

Gender and School Achievement in the Caribbean. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research into the relationship of sex differences, gender and educational attainment has drawn upon biological, psycho-social and more recently, political theories to help explain results that differentiate the performance of boys and girls. This research report addresses the problem of gender differentiated achievement and retention, but…

Kutnick, Peter; Jules, Vena; Layne, Anthony

175

Digital pen and paper practices in observational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers from many disciplines are taking advantage of increasingly inexpensive digital video to capture extensive records of human activity in real-world settings. The ability to record and share such data has created a critical moment in the practice and scope of behavioral research. While recent work is beginning to develop techniques for visualizing and interacting with integrated multimodal information collected

Nadir Weibel; Adam Fouse; Colleen Emmenegger; Whitney Friedman; Edwin Hutchins; James Hollan

2012-01-01

176

Viewpoint Paper: People and Organizational Issues in Research Systems Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge about people and organizational issues pertinent to implementation and maintenance of clinical systems has grown steadily over the past fifteen years. Less is known about implementation of systems used for clinical and biomedical research. In conjunction with current National Institutes of Health Roadmap efforts that promote translational research, these issues should now be identified and addressed. During the 2007

Joan S. Ash; Nicholas R. Anderson; Peter Tarczy-Hornoch

2008-01-01

177

Content Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education: 18 Years of Academic Publishing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the history of the "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) journal in terms of its sustainable future. The development of geographical and environmental education is evaluated, as reflected from the papers published in the journal "IRGEE". A content analysis of all papers and forum sections…

Kidman, Gillian; Papadimitriou, Fivos

2012-01-01

178

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Future of Cable TV Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This group of four papers considers the future of the cable television industry, and in particular, examines the impact of recent court and regulatory decisions in this field. The papers presented are: (1) "The First Amendment, Cable TV, and the Must-Carry Rule: Moving towards a Cost-Benefit Analysis" (John R. Woodbury, Federal Trade Commission);…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

179

Parliamentary Libraries Section. General Research Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on parliamentary and legislative libraries, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Need for and Use of Parliamentary Papers," a report by Eeva-Maija Tammekann on the results of a 1983 survey of 37 parliamentary libraries (with a 51% response rate) covering types of…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

180

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. State Regulatory Strategies Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two papers consider state regulation of the telecommunications industry. The first paper, "Managing the Mixed Bag: Incentive Regulation at the State Level" (Gail Garfield Schwartz, Deputy Chairman, New York State Public Service Commission), describes New York State's regulatory policies in the broader context of the best ways for state regulators…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

181

Fundamental Fluidization Research Project. Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Morgantown Energy Technology Center proposes to conduct fundamental research on fluidization technology by designing, constructing, and operating a 2-foot diameter, 50-foot high, pressurized fluidized-bed unit. The anticipated result of the proposed project would be a better, understanding of fluidization phenomena under pressurized and high velocity conditions. This improved understanding would, provide a sound basis for design and scale-up of pressurized circulating fluidized-bed combustion (PCFBC) processes for fossil energy applications. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major, Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required and the Department is issuing this FONSI.

Not Available

1994-01-01

182

Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Missouri, the Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems (CARES) is committed to integrating "the social, physical, and biological sciences to better understand human, natural resource, and environmental issues and problems." Along with their scientific mission, CARES also features a strong community outreach component, and visitors can use the "Map Room" to create their own customized economic, demographic, physical, or cultural maps of Missouri. This area also contains a series of interactive maps of the state. In the "Projects" area, visitors can learn about the Center's recent work, such as projects dealing with the ecological economic impacts of landscape change across Montana and the uses of an integrated resource management system. Also, visitors won't want to miss the "Community Issues Management" area. Here visitors can learn about the ways in which this system allows local governments and organizations to take advantage of spatial data in order to deliver a wide range of services.

183

Environmental research program. 1995 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Environmental Research Program is to enhance the understanding of, and mitigate the effects of pollutants on health, ecological systems, global and regional climate, and air quality. The program is multidisciplinary and includes fundamental research and development in efficient and environmentally benign combustion, pollutant abatement and destruction, and novel methods of detection and analysis of criteria and noncriteria pollutants. This diverse group conducts investigations in combustion, atmospheric and marine processes, flue-gas chemistry, and ecological systems. Combustion chemistry research emphasizes modeling at microscopic and macroscopic scales. At the microscopic scale, functional sensitivity analysis is used to explore the nature of the potential-to-dynamics relationships for reacting systems. Rate coefficients are estimated using quantum dynamics and path integral approaches. At the macroscopic level, combustion processes are modelled using chemical mechanisms at the appropriate level of detail dictated by the requirements of predicting particular aspects of combustion behavior. Parallel computing has facilitated the efforts to use detailed chemistry in models of turbulent reacting flow to predict minor species concentrations.

Brown, N.J.

1996-06-01

184

Teens Make the Environmental Scene. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Films used as a force in creating public awareness of local environmental problems were discussed in this occasional paper. Teenagers active in an environmental studies summer program at Gill School, Bernardsville, New Jersey, realized that films effectively informed fellow citizens of such problems. They produced 8mm films portraying pollution…

Vogl, Robert; Vogl, Sonia

185

Environmental Impact Statements. Resource Papers for College Geography, No. 78-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The monograph examines objectives and preparation of environmental impact statements (EISs) and assesses the degree to which these documents are successful in monitoring the environmental impact of development in the United States. The document is part of a series of resource papers developed to supplement college-level geography textbooks. The…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

186

Teens Make the Environmental Scene. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. VI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Films used as a force in creating public awareness of local environmental problems were discussed in this occasional paper. Teenagers active in an environmental studies summer program at Gill School, Bernardsville, New Jersey, realized that films effectively informed fellow citizens of such problems. They produced 8mm films portraying pollution…

Vogl, Robert; Vogl, Sonia

187

National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory Annual Report, 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report showcases some of the scientific activities of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in various health and environmental effects research areas. Where appropriate, the contributions of other collabor...

1996-01-01

188

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Fiscal Year 1996 activities and products of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research. The report is organized into four main sections. The introduction iden...

1997-01-01

189

Research paper citation record keeping: It is not for wimps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era in which academic institutions are held more accountable, a problem, which does not seem to have an immediate resolution, exists: how does one demonstrate the quality of one's work? Spe- cifically, how does one show that his or her research is making an impact and is thought to be important? A variety of measures of scientific journal

M. V. Dodson

2009-01-01

190

Research about Mathematics Achievement in the Rural Circumstance. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research yields nine conclusions concerning mathematics achievement among rural and urban students. Among them are that currently a national rural vs. non-rural mathematics achievement gap does not exist; at the state level, a rural vs. non-rural achievement gap exists in 40 percent of the states, and that gap is evenly split between…

Howley, Craig B.

191

The University Library: Analysis and Proposals. Research Paper Number 169.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The past few decades have been an era of rapid growth and expansion for university and research libraries, yet their standards of library services have declined. Specifically, more people more often cannot get the information they seek from the library. The main factors in this decline in service are the rapidly increasing numbers both of volumes…

Weinberg, Charles B.

192

Is Text Cohesion a Precursor to Reading Success? Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper underscores the effect of text cohesion on EFL reading comprehension. 160 EFL (n=80) and non-EFL (n=80) university students took two versions of a cloze test based on a passage of 750 words length, one developed with every nth word deletion and the other with cohesive word deletion. The results of analyses of variance indicated that…

Salmani-Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali

2007-01-01

193

USSR: seasonality in energy production and foreign trade. Research paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper focuses on seasonality in several key statistical series for the Soviet economy during 1960-80, using the Bureau of Census's X-11 seasonal adjustment method. The series selected for analysis include quarterly data (1960-80) on the production of electricity, oil and gas condensate, coal, natural gas, and export and import values.

Not Available

1981-02-01

194

SERS internship Spring 1995 abstracts and research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented topics varied over many fields in science and engineering. Botany on grasses in California, real time face recognition technology, thermogravimetric studies on corrosion and finite element modeling of the human pelvis are examples of discussed subjects. Further fields of study are carcinogenics, waste management, radar imaging, automobile accessories, document searching on the internet, and shooting stars. Individual papers are

1995-01-01

195

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Standards and Standardization Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These three papers consider various models and mechanisms for the achievement of industrial standardization. The first, "Duopoly Compatibility Standards with Partial Cooperation and Standards Leadership" (Sanford V. Berg, University of Florida) presents a model of duopolists producing differentiated substitutes, and considers the equilibrium…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

196

Miscellaneous Papers Presented at the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of 26 miscellaneous conference papers that consider various aspects of telecommunications policy, as follows: (1) "New Communications Systems and Services" (Baer); (2) "Regulatory Incentive Mechanisms and Political Action" (Baron); (3) "Efficiency Issues in Competitive Allocation of the Broadcast Spectrum" (Borenstein); (4)…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

197

Miscellaneous Papers Presented at the Telecommunications Policy Research Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 26 miscellaneous conference papers that consider various aspects of telecommunications policy, as follows: (1) "New Communications Systems and Services" (Baer); (2) "Regulatory Incentive Mechanisms and Political Action" (Baron); (3) "Efficiency Issues in Competitive Allocation of the Broadcast Spectrum" (Borenstein); (4)…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

198

Writing the Research Paper Step-by-Step.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Incremental Method of teaching writing is described. Students examined the increments of the writing of one student. The method is taught through four assignments: examinations of previous student papers, imitations of the correct components, correction of the faulty components, and analysis of revisions. (MLW)

Buehler, Marilyn L.

1988-01-01

199

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Computer and Communications Security Section. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In his paper, "European Needs and Attitudes towards Information Security," Richard I. Polis notes that the needs for security in computer systems, telecommunications, and media are rather uniform throughout Western Europe, and are seen as being significantly different from the needs in the United States. Recognition of these needs is, however,…

Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Inc., Washington, DC.

200

Cryptographic potentials of quasigroup transformations Category: RESEARCH PAPER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we show the potentials of string transforma- tions by quasigroups, as a new paradigm in cryptography. To show that, we describe several algorithms that include a block cipher, a stream cipher, a hash function with variable length of output that is strongly collision free and a nonlinear pseudo random number generator. All those algorithms can be implemented

D. Gligoroski; S. Markovski

201

Research Paper: Profiling Characteristics of Internet Medical Information Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe Internet's potential to bolster health promotion and disease prevention efforts has attracted considerable attention. Existing research leaves two things unclear, however: the prevalence of online health and medical information seeking and the distinguishing characteristics of individuals who seek that information.DesignThis study seeks to clarify and extend the knowledge base concerning health and medical information use online by profiling adults

James B. Weaver III; Darren Mays; Gregg Lindner; Dogan Eroglu; Frederick Fridinger; Jay M. Bernhardt

2009-01-01

202

Research Paper: Natural Language Processing Framework to Assess Clinical Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe authors developed a natural language processing (NLP) framework that could be used to extract clinical findings and diagnoses from dictated physician documentation.DesignDe-identified documentation was made available by i2b2 Bio-informatics research group as a part of their NLP challenge focusing on obesity and its co-morbidities. The authors describe their approach, which used a combination of concept detection, context validation, and

Henry Ware; Charles J. Mullett; V. Jagannathan

2009-01-01

203

Genomics:GTL Bioenergy Research Centers White Paper  

SciTech Connect

In his Advanced Energy Initiative announced in January 2006, President George W. Bush committed the nation to new efforts to develop alternative sources of energy to replace imported oil and fossil fuels. Developing cost-effective and energy-efficient methods of producing renewable alternative fuels such as cellulosic ethanol from biomass and solar-derived biofuels will require transformational breakthroughs in science and technology. Incremental improvements in current bioenergy production methods will not suffice. The Genomics:GTL Bioenergy Research Centers will be dedicated to fundamental research on microbe and plant systems with the goal of developing knowledge that will advance biotechnology-based strategies for biofuels production. The aim is to spur substantial progress toward cost-effective production of biologically based renewable energy sources. This document describes the rationale for the establishment of the centers and their objectives in light of the U.S. Department of Energy's mission and goals. Developing energy-efficient and cost-effective methods of producing alternative fuels such as cellulosic ethanol from biomass will require transformational breakthroughs in science and technology. Incremental improvements in current bioenergy-production methods will not suffice. The focus on microbes (for cellular mechanisms) and plants (for source biomass) fundamentally exploits capabilities well known to exist in the microbial world. Thus 'proof of concept' is not required, but considerable basic research into these capabilities remains an urgent priority. Several developments have converged in recent years to suggest that systems biology research into microbes and plants promises solutions that will overcome critical roadblocks on the path to cost-effective, large-scale production of cellulosic ethanol and other renewable energy from biomass. The ability to rapidly sequence the DNA of any organism is a critical part of these new capabilities, but it is only a first step. Other advances include the growing number of high-throughput techniques for protein production and characterization; a range of new instrumentation for observing proteins and other cell constituents; the rapid growth of commercially available reagents for protein production; a new generation of high-intensity light sources that provide precision imaging on the nanoscale and allow observation of molecular interactions in ultrafast time intervals; major advances in computational capability; and the continually increasing numbers of these instruments and technologies within the national laboratory infrastructure, at universities, and in private industry. All these developments expand our ability to elucidate mechanisms present in living cells, but much more remains to be done. The Centers are designed to accomplish GTL program objectives more rapidly, more effectively, and at reduced cost by concentrating appropriate technologies and scientific expertise, from genome sequence to an integrated systems understanding of the pathways and internal structures of microbes and plants most relevant to developing bioenergy compounds. The Centers will seek to understand the principles underlying the structural and functional design of selected microbial, plant, and molecular systems. This will be accomplished by building technological pathways linking the genome-determined components in an organism with bioenergy-relevant cellular systems that can be characterized sufficiently to generate realistic options for biofuel development. In addition, especially in addressing what are believed to be nearer-term approaches to renewable energy (e.g., producing cellulosic ethanol cost-effectively and energy-efficiently), the Center research team must understand in depth the current industrial-level roadblocks and bottlenecks (see section, GTL's Vision for Biological Energy Alternatives, below). For the Centers, and indeed the entire BER effort, to be successful, Center research must be integrated with individual investigator research, and coordination of activities,

Mansfield, Betty Kay [ORNL; Alton, Anita Jean [ORNL; Andrews, Shirley H [ORNL; Bownas, Jennifer Lynn [ORNL; Casey, Denise [ORNL; Martin, Sheryl A [ORNL; Mills, Marissa [ORNL; Nylander, Kim [ORNL; Wyrick, Judy M [ORNL; Drell, Dr. Daniel [Office of Science, Department of Energy; Weatherwax, Sharlene [U.S. Department of Energy; Carruthers, Julie [U.S. Department of Energy

2006-08-01

204

Authorship of research papers: ethical and professional issues for short-term researchers  

PubMed Central

Although the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has published clear guidance on the authorship of scientific papers, short?term contract research workers, who perform much of the research that is reported in the biomedical literature, are often at a disadvantage in terms of recognition, reward and career progression. This article identifies several professional, ethical and operational issues associated with the assignment of authorship, describes how a university department of primary care set about identifying and responding to the concerns of its contract research staff on authorship and describes a set of guidelines that were produced to deal with the ethical and professional issues raised. These guidelines include directions on how authorship should be negotiated and allocated and how short?term researchers can begin to develop as authors. They also deal with the structures required to support an equitable system, which deals with the needs of short?term researchers in ways that are realistic in the increasingly competitive world of research funding and publication, and may offer a model for more formal guidelines that could form part of institutional research policy.

Newman, A; Jones, R

2006-01-01

205

Printed and tablet e-paper newspaper from an environmental perspective — A screening life cycle assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viable alternatives to conventional newspapers, such as electronic papers, e-papers or e-readers, are intended to have many of the qualities of paper, such as reading using reflective light, high resolution, 180° viewing angle. It has been suggested that the environmental impact of e-paper can be lower than for printed and internet-based newspapers. However, in order to find the facts of

Åsa Moberg; Martin Johansson; Goeran Finnveden; Alex Jonsson

2010-01-01

206

Initial robotics research for environmental restoration and waste management  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the initial research and development activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) that will support the technology development component of the overall National Robotics Technology Development Program (NRTDP). The NRTDP is a subelement of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ER and WM) 5-Year Applied Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation Plan and of overall efforts at DOE operational sites around the country. ORNL research will focus on fundamental improvement of remote manipulation through enhancements of the human man/machine interface, integration of automated functions, and the incorporation of machine intelligence to increase productivity. Background and goals for these activities are presented in this paper.

Hamel, W.R.; Mann, R.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1990-06-01

207

NHTSA's Research Program for Vehicle Aggressivity and Fleet Compatibility. Paper No. 249.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents an overview of NHTSA's vehicle aggressivity and fleet compatibility research activities. This research program is being conducted in close cooperation with the International Harmonized Research Agenda (IHRA) compatibility research grou...

S. M. Summers A. Prasad W. T. Hollowell

2002-01-01

208

Training for Environmental Law Enforcement in Sweden: The role of NGOs. Discussion Paper No. 105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This discussion paper examines the training citizen groups need in order to confront a wide variety of industries and types of pollution. Section I of the paper focuses on the interaction of three groups: (1) industry: this group includes distributors of environmental pollutants as well as manufactures of pollution control equipment; (2)…

Gillberg, Bjorn O.; Tamplin, Arthur R.

209

Tales from Camp Wilde: Queer(y)ing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper questions the relative silence of queer theory and theorizing in environmental education research. We explore some possibilities for queering environmental education research by fabricating (and inviting colleagues to fabricate) stories of Camp Wilde, a fictional location that helps us to expose the facticity of the field's…

Gough, Noel; Gough, Annette

2003-01-01

210

Issues for Environmental Education and ESD Research Development: Looking Ahead from WEEC 2007 in Durban  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Can we avoid inheriting serious issues from research related to environmental education when the researcher community is addressing education for sustainable development? This paper identifies and discusses three main issues: if an explicit and coherent concept of environmental education or education for sustainable development is missing; if the…

Breiting, Soren

2009-01-01

211

Environmental Systems Research and Analysis FY 2000 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research (ESR) Program, a part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program, was implemented to enhance and augment the technical capabilities of the INEEL. Strengthening the Technical capabilities of the INEEL will provide the technical base to serve effectively as the Environmental Management Laboratory for the Office of Environmental Management (EM). This is a progress report for the third year of the ESR Program (FY 2000). A report of activities is presented for the five ESR research investment areas: (1) Transport Aspects of Selective Mass Transport Agents, (2) Chemistry of Environmental Surfaces, (3) Materials Dynamics, (4) Characterization Science, and (5) Computational Simulation of Mechanical and Chemical Systems. In addition to the five technical areas, the report describes activities in the Science and Technology Foundations element of the program, e.g., interfaces between ESR and the EM Science Program (EMSP) and the EM Focus Areas. The five research areas are subdivided into 18 research projects. FY 2000 research in these 18 projects has resulted in more than 50 technical papers that are in print, in press, in review, or in preparation. Additionally, more than 100 presentations were made at professional society meetings nationally and internationally. Work supported by this program was in part responsible for one of our researchers, Dr. Mason Harrup, receiving the Department of Energy’s “Bright Light” and “Energy at 23” awards. Significant accomplishments were achieved. Non-Destructive Assay hardware and software was deployed at the INEEL, enhancing the quality and efficiency of TRU waste characterization for shipment. The advanced tensiometer has been employed at numerous sites around the complex to determine hydrologic gradients in variably saturated vadose zones. An ion trap, secondary ion mass spectrometer (IT-SIMS) was designed and fabricated to deploy at the INEEL site to measure the chemical speciation of radionuclides and toxic metals on the surfaces of environmentally significant minerals. The FY 2001 program will have a significantly different structure and research content. This report presents the final summary of projects coming to an end in FY 2000 and is a bridge to the FY 2001 program.

David L. Miller; Castle, Peter Myer; Steven J. Piet

2001-01-01

212

Using Web Resources for Support of Online-browsing of Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With more appropriate linkage of digital libraries to Web resources, online-browsing of research papers would be much comfortable since many digital libraries of research papers are online and accessible from the Web. This paper proposes a browsing support system for reading research papers online with the use of OCRed text of scanned academic articles. Our digital library stores scanned document

Manabu Ohta; Toshihiro Hachiki; Atsuhiro Takasu

2009-01-01

213

European Birth Cohorts for Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Many pregnancy and birth cohort studies investigate the health effects of early-life environmental contaminant exposure. An overview of existing studies and their data is needed to improve collaboration, harmonization, and future project planning. Objectives: Our goal was to create a comprehensive overview of European birth cohorts with environmental exposure data. Methods: Birth cohort studies were included if they a) collected data on at least one environmental exposure, b) started enrollment during pregnancy or at birth, c) included at least one follow-up point after birth, d) included at least 200 mother–child pairs, and e) were based in a European country. A questionnaire collected information on basic protocol details and exposure and health outcome assessments, including specific contaminants, methods and samples, timing, and number of subjects. A full inventory can be searched on www.birthcohortsenrieco.net. Results: Questionnaires were completed by 37 cohort studies of > 350,000 mother–child pairs in 19 European countries. Only three cohorts did not participate. All cohorts collected biological specimens of children or parents. Many cohorts collected information on passive smoking (n = 36), maternal occupation (n = 33), outdoor air pollution (n = 27), and allergens/biological organisms (n = 27). Fewer cohorts (n = 12–19) collected information on water contamination, ionizing or nonionizing radiation exposures, noise, metals, persistent organic pollutants, or other pollutants. All cohorts have information on birth outcomes; nearly all on asthma, allergies, childhood growth and obesity; and 26 collected information on child neurodevelopment. Conclusion: Combining forces in this field will yield more efficient and conclusive studies and ultimately improve causal inference. This impressive resource of existing birth cohort data could form the basis for longer-term and worldwide coordination of research on environment and child health.

Casas, Maribel; Bergstrom, Anna; Carmichael, Amanda; Cordier, Sylvaine; Eggesb?, Merete; Eller, Esben; Fantini, Maria P.; Fernandez, Mariana F.; Fernandez-Somoano, Ana; Gehring, Ulrike; Grazuleviciene, Regina; Hohmann, Cynthia; Karvonen, Anne M.; Keil, Thomas; Kogevinas, Manolis; Koppen, Gudrun; Kramer, Ursula; Kuehni, Claudia E.; Magnus, Per; Majewska, Renata; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Patelarou, Evridiki; Petersen, Maria Skaalum; Pierik, Frank H.; Polanska, Kinga; Porta, Daniela; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Santos, Ana Cristina; Slama, Remy; Sram, Radim J.; Thijs, Carel; Tischer, Christina; Toft, Gunnar; Trnovec, Tomas; Vandentorren, Stephanie; Vrijkotte, Tanja G.M.; Wilhelm, Michael; Wright, John; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark

2011-01-01

214

How to reconcile environmental and economic performance to improve corporate sustainability: corporate environmental strategies in the European paper industry.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the relationship between environmental and economic performance and the influence of corporate strategies with regard to sustainability and the environment. After formulating a theoretical model, results are reported from an empirical analysis of the European paper manufacturing industry. New data are used to test hypotheses derived from the theoretical model, using environmental performance indices representing different corporate environmental strategy orientations. In particular, an emissions-based index largely reflecting end-of-pipe strategies and an inputs-based index reflecting integrated pollution prevention are distinguished. For the emissions-based index, a predominantly negative relationship between environmental and economic performance is found, whereas for the inputs-based index no significant link is found. This is consistent with the theoretical model, which predicts the possibility of different relationships. The results also show that for firms with pollution prevention-oriented corporate environmental strategies, the relationship between environmental and economic performance is more positive, thus making improvements in corporate sustainability more likely. Based on this last insight, managerial implications of this are discussed with regard to strategy choices, investment decisions and operations management. PMID:15939122

Wagner, Marcus

2005-04-25

215

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for

Andrea Gazzinelli; Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira; Guo-Jing Yang; Boakye A. Boatin; Helmut Kloos

2012-01-01

216

Oil shale: potential environmental impacts and control technology. Environmental research brief  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory in Cincinnati, Ohio (IERL-Ci) has performed research related to oil shale processing and disposal since 1973. This research is in support of the Clean Air Act, The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Toxic Substances Control Act. Potential environmental

E. R. Bates; W. W. Liberick; J. Burckle

1984-01-01

217

Oil shale mining environmental research program overview. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the direction and progress of the Bureau of Mines Oil Shale Mining Environmental Research Program as of January 31, 1979. It is aimed at focusing the Bureau's role in environmental research supporting oil shale development with respect to the activities of other involved government agencies and private industry. Environmental considerations in oil shale extraction, such as ecological

C. Ogasawara; G. F. Kuncir; D. A. Lewis

1979-01-01

218

Environmental Education Research: 30 Years on from Tbilisi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a transcript of the author's Keynote Address to the Fourth World Environmental Education Congress, Durban, July 2007. He has been asked to speak about environmental education research since Tbilisi, to explore what environmental education researchers might learn from this work, and look ahead to the challenges that now face them…

Scott, William

2009-01-01

219

Assessment of cold-climate environmental research priorities  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has consistently recognized that cold regions pose unique environmental problems. This report sets forth the conceptual framework and research plans for several high priority research areas. It provides the fundamental basis for implementation of the EPA Cold-Climate Environmental Research Program. This three- to five-year program encompasses both short- and long-term research of high relevance to the EPA and to the cold regions that it serves.

States, J.B.

1983-04-01

220

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) Yearly Report FY 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes GLERL's most significant research accomplishments during fiscal year (FY) 1995. Projects descriptions, accomplishments, and plans are listed under their primary GLERL research program area and then by Environmental Research Laborator...

1995-01-01

221

Compilation of Abstracts of Dissertations, Theses, and Research Papers Submitted by Candidates for Degrees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the Naval Postgraduate School most of the curricula in which advanced degrees are offered require the submission of an acceptable dissertation, thesis or research paper. This publication contains abstracts of theses and research papers submitted for El...

W. M. Tolles

1978-01-01

222

Environmental biotechnology for waste treatment, environmental science research, Volume 41  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book contains the proceedings of the symposium entitled [open quotes]Environmental Biotechnology: Moving from the Flask to the Field[close quotes] held in October 17th through 19th, 1990, in Knoxville, Tennessee. Environmental biotechnology involves the use of microorganisms and their processes for the clean-up of environmental contamination, specific examples of which include ground-water treatment, treatment of leachates, and clean-up of contaminated

G. S. Saylor; R. Fox; J. W. Blackburn

1991-01-01

223

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM AGROECOSYSTEM MONITORING AND RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The monitoring program described in this document is one component of the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP), a national program administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development. or EMAP, agroecosystems are defined ...

224

USEPA RESEARCH ACTIVITIES TO CHARACTERIZE CHILDREN'S ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES  

EPA Science Inventory

Given the vulnerability of children to effects from environmental exposures, understanding links between children's health and environmental exposures is critical. In recent years, significant research has been initiated at USEPA to characterize children's exposures. ...

225

The first minutes of conference presentations: An analysis of the opening of 16 research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rhetorical aptitude of engineers appears to be meager in relation to the advice of rhetorical scholars. How different is it from the behavior of the scholars themselves? How do communication researchers present their papers? Do they follow the classical advice? This paper reports on an extensive case-study of professional communication researchers presenting their research papers. During an (inter)national conference

Bas A. Andeweg; Jaap C. de Jong; Frederique van Breugel

2010-01-01

226

ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT / POLLUTION PREVENTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Goal 8.4 Improve Environmental Systems Management (Formally Pollution Prevention and New Technology) Background The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed and evaluated tools and technologies to monitor, prevent, control, and clean-up pollution through...

227

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research.  

PubMed

This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade. Basic principles, factors, limits, InSAR sensors, available software packages for the generation of InSAR interferograms were summarized to support future applications. Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences. It ends with a discussion of future research directions. PMID:22573992

Zhou, Xiaobing; Chang, Ni-Bin; Li, Shusun

2009-03-13

228

Understanding Environmental Advocacy: Interdisciplinary Research and the Role of Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a selective review of interdisciplinary research of the bases for and obstacles to effective environmental advocacy (EA). Synthesizes an analysis of the social backdrop of contemporary EA, considers research associated with environmental communication, and uses theory and research involving social cognition to indicate ways that…

Cantrill, James G.

1992-01-01

229

STRATEGY FOR RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS TO CHILDREN  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Research and Development (ORD) is pleased to announce the availability of its Strategy for Research on Environmental Risks to Children. This document provides the strategic direction for ORD's research program in chi...

230

An Automated Research Paper Classification Method for the IPC system with the Concept Base  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, a classification method using the Concept Base is proposed and evaluated in the Patent Mining Task of the NTCIR-7 workshop. In this task, research papers are classified into the Interna- tional Patent Classification (IPC) system. The clas- sification enables research papers to be located on a patent map. In order to classify a paper, patent docu-

Takanori Shimano; Takashi Yukawa

2008-01-01

231

Group of Eight Response to DIISR Consultation Paper: "Meeting Australia's Research Workforce Needs"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Group of Eight (Go8) welcomes the Government's commitment to developing a comprehensive research workforce strategy. Australia's research capacity and the continuing translation of research into policy, products and services is directly linked to the future productivity of the economy, social wellbeing, environmental outcomes and the nation's…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

232

The use of environmental, health and safety research in nanotechnology research.  

PubMed

Environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns are receiving considerable attention in nanoscience and nanotechnology (nano) research and development (R&D). Policymakers and others have urged that research on nano's EHS implications be developed alongside scientific research in the nano domain rather than subsequent to applications. This concurrent perspective suggests the importance of early understanding and measurement of the diffusion of nano EHS research. The paper examines the diffusion of nano EHS publications, defined through a set of search terms, into the broader nano domain using a global nanotechnology R&D database developed at Georgia Tech. The results indicate that nano EHS research is growing rapidly although it is orders of magnitude smaller than the broader nano S&T domain. Nano EHS work is moderately multidisciplinary, but gaps in biomedical nano EHS's connections with environmental nano EHS are apparent. The paper discusses the implications of these results for the continued monitoring and development of the cross-disciplinary utilization of nano EHS research. PMID:21446421

Youtie, Jan; Porter, Alan; Shapira, Philip; Tang, Li; Benn, Troy

2011-01-01

233

Industrial Restructuring in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Relationships to Corporate Environmental, Health and Safety Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Industrial restructuring has been occurring at various levels of organizational analysis. Industries, companies, departments and processes within organizations have all undergone major restructuring efforts within the past two decades. During this period corporate environmental management as well as safety and health components have also evolved and grown as a critical element for the long-term existence of organizations. This paper

Wayne Gray; Harry Fatkin; Dominic Golding; Scott Jiusto; Joseph Sarkis

234

CORE Discussion Paper 2007\\/50 Environmental innovation under Cournot competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we address the incentives to invest in environmental innovation of enterprises that exercise market power in the output market and also buy and sell pollution permits. Dierently from the existing literature, using a market approach we explicitly model the interaction between the output market, where …rms play à la Cournot, and the permits market. We …nd that,

Lhoist Berghmans; Jean J. Gabszewicz; Marco Marinucci

235

Environmental Performance of Canadian Pulp and Paper Plants: Why Some Do Well and Others Do Not ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally recognized that firms face both internal and external pressure to improve their environmental performance. However, few studies have attempted to delineate the importance of those various sources of pressure as firms' managers themselves perceive them. In this study, we show that managers in the Canadian pulp and paper industry perceive government and public, but not financial and

Julie Doonan; Paul Lanoie; Benoit Laplante

2002-01-01

236

Environmental Systems Research Candidates FY-01 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program ran from April 2000 through September 2001 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). ESRA provides key science and technology to meet the cleanup mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (EM), and performs research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the accomplishments of the ESRC Program. The ESRC Program consisted of 25 tasks subdivided within four research areas.

Miller, David Lynn; Piet, Steven James

2001-03-01

237

Strategic Planning vs. Disjointed Incrementalism: An Institutional Research Perspective. SAIR Conference Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategic planning in higher education is discussed from the perspective of institutional research. Attention is directed to: institutional mission, institutional assessment, institutional leadership, environmental assessment, market analysis, and competitive position. Strategic planning merges incrementalism, which focuses on flexibility,…

Jean, Paul M.; And Others

238

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4 Section 18.4 Protection... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. All Environmental Protection...

2013-07-01

239

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3 Section 18.3 Protection... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. Environmental Protection...

2013-07-01

240

Environmental biotechnology for waste treatment, environmental science research, Volume 41  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceedings of the symposium entitled [open quotes]Environmental Biotechnology: Moving from the Flask to the Field[close quotes] held in October 17th through 19th, 1990, in Knoxville, Tennessee. Environmental biotechnology involves the use of microorganisms and their processes for the clean-up of environmental contamination, specific examples of which include ground-water treatment, treatment of leachates, and clean-up of contaminated soils, sludges, and sediments. In comparison with other technologies, environmental biotechnology (or bioremediation) has the advantages of affecting mineralization of toxic compounds to innocuous end-products, being energy-effective with processes able to take place at a moderate temperature and pressure, safety, and economy and is, therefore, perceived to hold great potential for environmental clean-up. Bioremediation treatment technologies for contaminated soils and groundwater can take the form of: (1) solid-phase biotreatment; (2) slurry-phase treatment; (3) in situ treatment; and (4) combination biological and physical/chemical treatment. The goal of the symposium was to pressure technical accomplishments at the laboratory and field-scale levels, future technical directions and economic, public and regulatory concerns in environmental biotechnology. The book is divided into five major sections on Current Perceptions, Field-Scale Studies, Technical Issues and Concerns in Implementation, Nontechnical Issues and Concerns in Implementation, International Activities, and ends with a critical review of the symposium.

Saylor, G.S.; Fox, R.; Blackburn, J.W.

1991-01-01

241

Minimum data set for mass-gathering health research and evaluation: a discussion paper.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the need for consistency in mass-gathering data collection and biomedical reporting. Mass gatherings occur frequently throughout the world, and having an understanding of the complexities of mass gatherings is important to inform health services about the possible required health resources. Factors within the environmental, psychosocial and biomedical domains influence the usage of health services at mass gatherings. The biomedical domain includes the categorization of presenting injury or illness, and rates such as patient presentation rate, transferred to hospital rate and referred to hospital rate. These rates provide insight into the usage of onsite health services, prehospital ambulance services. and hospital emergency department services. Within the literature, these rates are reported in a manner that is varied, haphazard and author dependent. This paper proposes moving away from an author-dependent practice of collection and reporting of data. An expert consensus approach is proposed as a means of further developing mass-gathering theory and moving beyond the current situation of reporting on individual case studies. To achieve this, a minimum data set with a data dictionary is proposed in an effort to generate conversation about a possible agreed minimum amount and type of information that should be collected consistently for research and evaluation at mass gatherings. Finally, this paper outlines future opportunities that will emerge from the consistent collection and reporting of mass-gathering data, including the possibility for meta-analysis, comparison of events across societies and modeling of various rates to inform health services. PMID:23174040

Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison

2012-12-01

242

National Environmental Research Institute R and D projects 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication provides detailed information on the current research activities of the National Environmental Research Institute (NERI, Denmark). NERI operates under the Danish Ministry of the Environment with the task of carrying out both strategic and ...

H. Christensen

1994-01-01

243

Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Umweltforschung - Umwelttechnik. (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Environmental research and engineering).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The nuclear research centre at Karlsruhe ('Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe', KfK) works within the framework of research projects on the development of processes and technologies for the solution of environmental problems, inter alia in the fields of wast...

1990-01-01

244

LBL/AGMEF/JSU El Yunque Environmental Research Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The LBL/AGMEF/JSU Environmental Research Initiative has had several noteworthy successes. Faculty and student development is apparent. A research project involving atmospheric aerosol sampling was established at Universidad Metropolitana under Prof. Ferna...

R. L. Dod F. Diaz L. Feliu C. D. Parker

1989-01-01

245

Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations. Appendix A: Terrestrial Environmental Research in Alaska During 1980-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, an Appendix to the report Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations, provides a review of ongoing and planned Arctic terrestrial environmental res...

1981-01-01

246

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

247

Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: evaluation and recommendations. Appendix A: terrestrial environmental research in Alaska during 1980-1981  

SciTech Connect

This report, an Appendix to the report Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations, provides a review of ongoing and planned Arctic terrestrial environmental research in Alaska during 1980-1981. The report reviews which agency conducted Arctic-oriented ecological research; the goals, philosophies, and directions of these agencies; the financial support provided for Arctic terrestrial environmental research; and whether the agencies have a relationship with the DOE's Ecological Research Program.

Not Available

1981-01-01

248

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

249

Writing and Publishing a Research Paper in a Peer-Reviewed Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing and publishing a research paper in a peer-reviewed journal is a complicated process. This paper tries to take some of the mystery out of that process by describing how a good research paper should be structured, and how the journal submission process works.|

Porter, Stephen R.

2007-01-01

250

Environmental research at the Advanced Photon Source.  

SciTech Connect

Because of the importance of probing molecular-scale chemical and physical structure of environmental samples in their natural and often hydrated state, synchrotron radiation has been a powerful tool for environmental scientists for decades. Thus, the crucial role that a highly coherent and high-brightness hard X-ray source such as the Advance Photon Source (APS) can play in addressing many of the outstanding questions in molecular environmental science (MES) was recognized even before 'first light' at the facility. No single synchrotron-based technique or experimental approach can adequately address the tremendous temporal and spatial heterogeneities of the chemistry, physics, and biology of natural environmental samples. Thus, it is common at the APS that multiple X-ray techniques and experimental systems are employed to investigate environmental samples, often chosen for their ability to focus on solute species, plants, microbes, organics, interfacial species, or solids.

Kemner, K. M.; Boyanov, M. I.; Eng, P.; Fenter, P.; Heald, S.; Lai, B.; Lee, S. S.; Scheckel, K. G.; Skanthakumar, S.; Sutton, S. R.; Wilson, R. E. (Advanced Photon Source); ( BIO); ( CSE); ( XSD); (Univ. of Chicago); (National Risk Management Research Lab.)

2010-01-01

251

The Canadian Arctic and the Oceans Act: the development of participatory environmental research and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years in the Canadian Arctic, participatory and pluralistic approaches have become common in several areas of environmental management relevant to the resolution of multiple-use conflicts: fish and wildlife, protected area planning, integrated coastal zone management, ecosystem health monitoring, contaminants research, environmental assessment, and climate change. This paper analyzes the emergence and development of aboriginal participation in resource management

Fikret Berkes; Jack Mathias; Mina Kislalioglu; Helen Fast

2001-01-01

252

The research on human dimensions of global environmental change in Latin America : Looking back, moving forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Environmental studies have developed slowly within social sciences in Latin America. This paper seeks to assess and systematize the contribution of social sciences in the research on the human dimensions of global environmental change (HDGEC) in the region outlining its state of the art and process of development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach taken is the organization of a

Rafael D'Almeida Martins; Leila da Costa Ferreira

2010-01-01

253

Environmentally Mediated Risks for Psychopathology: Research Strategies and Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To consider the research design requirements needed to provide a rigorous test of environmental mediation hypotheses and to summarize the main findings from research using such designs. Method: Selective review of empirical evidence dealing with psychopathology. Results: There is robust evidence of environmentally mediated risks for…

Rutter, Michael

2005-01-01

254

40 CFR 18.10 - Appointment of Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION § 18.10 ...Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection. (a) Purpose...consultants with expertise in environmental sciences or engineering who...

2013-07-01

255

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3...3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

256

40 CFR 18.9 - Duration of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Duration of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.9...9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

257

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4...4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

258

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5...5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

259

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows. 18.7 Section 18.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

260

40 CFR 18.3 - Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Purpose of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.3...3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

261

40 CFR 18.4 - Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Establishment of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.4...4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

262

40 CFR 18.7 - Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Selection and appointment of Environmental Protection Research Fellows. 18.7 Section 18.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

263

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5...5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

264

40 CFR 18.10 - Appointment of Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Special Research Consultants for Environmental Protection. 18.10 Section 18.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

265

Environmental Law Institute Research and Policy Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This organization works with local and regional partners in the United States and worldwide to strengthen environmental laws, to develop new approaches to ensure their effectiveness, and to improve the capacity of citizens and governments to use the law to protect the environment. The site focuses on four areas; water resources, land and biodiversity, integration and innovation in environmental governance, and global sustainable development. Each focus area contains several topics of interest as well as objectives the organization would like to see realized. There is also a link to environmental laws that are endangered.

Institute, Environmental L.

266

A Multi-criteria Collaborative Filtering Approach for Research Paper Recommendation in Papyres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduate students, professors and researchers regularly access, review, and use large amounts of literature. In previous work,\\u000a we presented Papyres, a Research Paper Management Systems, which combines bibliography functionalities along with paper recommender\\u000a techniques and document management tools, in order to provide a set of functionalities to locate research papers, handle and\\u000a maintain the bibliographies, and to manage and share

Amine Naak; Hicham Hage; Esma Aïmeur

2009-01-01

267

The Wood for the Paper: Old-Growth Forest, Hemp and Environmental Harm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the politico-legal construction of environmental harm. It does so by comparing and contrasting the production processes and legislation relating to the clearfelling of old-growth forest and harvesting of fibre hemp for paper products. It asks why it is lawful to engage in an activity which is ecologically harmful (ie clearfelling old-growth forest), and, conversely, why it is

Mark Halsey

1997-01-01

268

Quality of research papers: Specific criteria in the field of Adults Learning Mathematics?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1997, the identity of the research field of Adults Learning Mathematics (ALM) has been debated; the research field has grown in quantity and quality; and the research forum ALM has established an international journal. In practice, we answer the question about identity and quality of research papers in programme committees, in editorial teams or as referees in journals. The

Tine Wedege

269

Empirical?Analytical Methodological Research in Environmental Education: response to a negative trend in methodological and ideological discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to methodological discourse about research approaches to environmental education. More specifically, the paper explores the current status of the ‘empirical?analytical methodology’ and its ‘positivist’ (traditional? and post?positivist) ideologies, in environmental education research through the critical analysis of three criticisms outlined in Robottom & Hart (1995). Their negative discussion of this methodology relates

Sharon Connell

1997-01-01

270

Environmental research program: FY 1987, annual report  

SciTech Connect

This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1987 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics, and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs. For their studies, the group is developing novel analytical and research methods for characterizing aerosol species. Aerosol research is performed in the laboratory and in the field. Studies of smoke emissions from fires and their possible effects on climatic change, especially as related to nuclear winter, are an example of the collaboration between the Atmospheric Aerosol Research and Combustion Research Groups.

Not Available

1988-03-01

271

Research priorities in environmental education - Treesearch  

Treesearch

Description: Although natural processes operate in urban areas, they are ... to a child's level of comprehension; develop better methods of training teachers and ... environmental education programs; and identify ways to use elements found in  ...

272

OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL RESEARCH WITHIN THE EPA NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY (NHEERL)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) is one of the laboratories in EPA's Office of Research and Development contributing the Global Change Research Program. NHEERL is studying the potential effects of global change on vulnerable ecosystems. ...

273

Unveiling Social and Environmental Accounting Research in Spain: A Narrative of the Mobilisation of the Spanish Academic Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a personal overview of the process of mobilisation of the social and environmental accounting research (SEAR) Spanish academic community to develop social and environmental accounting research as a legitimate research field. Using the arguments of Hambrick and Chen (2008) for analysing new academic fields as admittance-seeking social movements, a narrative is provided

Carmen Correa

2011-01-01

274

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH PROGRAM GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

Annual extramural research program guide for the Office of Research and Development. This report provides information on work being done in each part of ORD, research which EPA is planning for FY 1984, and how much the authors intend to spend on each program area. Some of the are...

275

Research in Distance Education: 2. Revised Papers from the Research in Distance Education Seminar (2nd, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen papers concerning various aspects of distance education and distance education research are presented in this document. The papers are: (1) "Introduction, Celebrating Difference in Research in Distance Education" (Terry Evans); (2) "Discourse or Discord? A Dilemma of Distance Education" (Philip Juler); (3) "Reconceptualising Distance…

Evans, Terry, Ed.; Juler, Philip, Ed.

276

The Contribution of Action Research to Development in Social Endeavours: a position paper on action research methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this invited paper, presented at the 1994 BERA conference, the author reviews key ideas arising from her own practice of action research and that of close colleagues over the past fifteen years, in particular John Elliott. The paper is divided into two parts. The first describes and comments upon the main characteristics of action research as perceived by this

Bridget Somekh

1995-01-01

277

Citation analysis of top research papers in chemistry with specific reference to India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this study is to determine India's position in publishing top research papers in chemistry as reflected in Science Direct. It also aims to find out authorship pattern, countries with major contributions, journals with high publication rates, etc. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Citation analysis methods were applied to study citations of 450 research papers in chemistry taken

Bulu Maharana; Sabitri Majhi; Bipin Bihari Sethi

2011-01-01

278

Environmental research for underground coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the environmental impact of underground coal gasification (UCG), conducted at the four UCG test sites at Hanna, Wyo., by the Department of Energy, Laramie Energy Technology Center, included the effects of the process gas cleanup system, the effects of migrating water on the process and the surrounding ground water, and the effects of subsidence. In phase 2 of

Virgona

1978-01-01

279

UCG environmental research: summary and suggested projections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent UCG experiments sponsored by Government and Industry have yielded a broad and comprehensive environmental data base. Groundwater modifications involving hydrologic effects and water quality changes have been carefully documented over a period of several years at a number of UCG test sites. The effects of cavity roof collapse, including aquifer interconnection and surface susidence, have also been investigated both

S. W. Mead; F. T. Wang; D. H. Stuermer

1982-01-01

280

Environmental research for underground coal gasification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the environmental impact of underground coal gasification (UCG), conducted at the four UCG test sites at Hanna, WY, by the Department of Energy, Laramie Energy Technology Center, included the effects of the process gas cleanup system, the effects of migrating water on the process and the surrounding ground water, and the effects of subsidence. In phase 2 of

Virgona

1978-01-01

281

Applied Science Division annual report, Environmental Research Program FY 1983  

SciTech Connect

The primary concern of the Environmental Research Program is the understanding of pollutant formation, transport, and transformation and the impacts of pollutants on the environment. These impacts include global, regional, and local effects on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and on certain aspects of human health. This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. During FY 1983, research concentrated on atmospheric physics and chemistry, applied physics and laser spectroscopy, combustion theory and phenomena, environmental effects of oil shale processing, freshwater ecology and acid precipitation, trace element analysis for the investigation of present and historical environmental impacts, and a continuing survey of instrumentation for environmental monitoring.

Cairns, E.J.; Novakov, T.

1984-05-01

282

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1996  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Fiscal Year 1996 activities and products of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research. The report is organized into four main sections. The introduction identifies the basic program structure, describes the programs of the Environmental Sciences Division, and provides the level of effort for each program area. The research areas and project descriptions section gives program contact information, and provides descriptions of individual research projects including: three-year funding history, research objective and approach used in each project, and results to date. Appendixes provide postal and e-mail addresses for principal investigators and define acronyms used in the text. The indexes provide indexes of principal investigators, research institutions, and keywords for easy reference. Research projects are related to climatic change and remedial action.

NONE

1997-06-01

283

EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself a particularly large and interesting challenge: to help connect the vast community of environmental researchers, practitioners, activists, and interested informed observers. ERL and its partner online resource base and community website, environmentalresearchweb, fills a major void: a single locus for rapid publication of peer-reviewed and highly interdisciplinary material spanning literally every aspect of environmental research and thought. The wide range of material that falls squarely into the purview of ERL—from restoration ecology to global change science and politics, to toxicology and environmental justice, to environmental and social impacts of energy conversion—illustrate just how diverse a 'community' we hope to serve. Thanks to an exceptional editorial staff and board, and a diverse range of fascinating contributed papers, ERL is off to a particularly fast start. ERL has both a small advisory board and a larger editorial board. The board serves several functions, beginning with the traditional one of taking the lead on reviews of papers in such a dizzying array of areas. This task alone is a challenge because of the commitment ERL has made to exceptionally rapid publication: a goal of 90 days from submission to online publication for accepted papers. This goal, which we have generally met, includes the publication of complementary (but not always complimentary) 500 1000 word commentaries on a number of papers. To accomplish this alone the editorial board, and the reviewers, have been heroic, and deserve a huge round of applause. IOP Publishing too, has been truly wonderful in making this happen. The rapid publication has proven to be important in both expected and unexpected ways. First, it means that emerging environmental analysis can reach a readership fast, and that discussions of key findings do not even have to wait for the next paper to appear (which, also, can be rapid given that ERL publishes online as papers complete the review process, without waiting for a full, 'bound' volume, to be ready). This rapid dialog is the result of another innovation that IOP Publishing was willing to support: environmentalresearchweb. Launched in February 2007, environmentalresearchweb is a portal for environmental news, discussions of both papers in ERL and events—climate meetings such as the recent Bali Summit or the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (to which I am very proud to have contributed as a lead author)—as well as meetings, and other goings on that impact environmental issues globally. By all objective measures this most direct role of ERL has gone exceedingly well. Publication has been rapid, and of high quality, and the readership has been fantastic. We have had over 50 000 downloads of full article PDFs. The most popular few articles have received over 5000 downloads apiece, showing clearly how far the reach can be for online publication of important new material. ERL articles have been profiled in Nature and other top journals. This level of international visibility that ERL's open-access model guarantees for authors and their work is one particular benefit of the journal and one that we have already seen translating into article citations. Virtually every author asks about ERL's Impact Factor and it's listing in the various scientific ranking services. It generally takes over a year, or a volume of publication, for a new journal to be reviewed and the articles listed by all citation services. The most important criteria that determine journal listing vary between different citation services, but what is clear is that only continued publication of research of the highest quality, impact

Kammen, Daniel M.

2008-03-01

284

A fuzzy approach for modelling knowledge in environmental systems evaluation 1 This paper describes research coordinated by A. Magnaghi, University of Florence, “Theories, Methods and Experiences of Spatial Analysis and Ecological Planning”, Ministry of Scientific Research, Research Program of National Interest and Relevant Interest for Science Development. The Research Unit (AI Applications in Spatial Planning) of the Polytechnic of Bari is directed by D. Borri. The paper is the result of team work. The Introduction was written by E. Conte; the next nine sections are by G. Concilio; and the conclusion is by D. Borri. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uncertainty often appears in modelling environmental systems, in particular uncertainty concerning the data and the relations between the system components. A fuzzy set theory approach is used in this study to help solve this problem of subjectivity in the determining the system parameters involved. Fuzzy rule-based models are usable both in “soft” disciplines, such as ecology or biology, and in

Dino Borri; Grazia Concilio; Emilia Conte

1998-01-01

285

A facility for using cluster research to study environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This report begins by describing the general application of cluster based research to environmental chemistry and the development of a Cluster Structure and Dynamics Research Facility (CSDRF). Next, four important areas of cluster research are described in more detail, including how they can impact environmental problems. These are: surface-supported clusters, water and contaminant interactions, time-resolved dynamic studies in clusters, and cluster structures and reactions. These facilities and equipment required for each area of research are then presented. The appendices contain workshop agenda and a listing of the researchers who participated in the workshop discussions that led to this report.

Not Available

1991-11-01

286

Environmental Research Division technical progress report, January 1984-December 1985  

SciTech Connect

Technical progress in the various research and assessment activities of Argonne National Laboratory's Environmental Research Division is reported for the period 1984 to 1985. Textual, graphic, and tabular information is used to briefly summarize (in separate chapters) the work of the Division's Atmospheric Physics, Environmental Effects Research, Environmental Impacts, Fundamental Molecular Physics and Chemistry, and Waste Management Programs. Information on professional qualifications, awards, and outstanding professional activities of staff members, as well as lists of publications, oral presentations, special events organized, and participants in educational programs, are provided in appendices at the end of each chapter.

Not Available

1986-05-01

287

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: Environmental Influences in the Early Education of Migrant and Disadvantaged Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conference papers on early childhood education cover the following topics: individual variation among preschoolers in a cognitive intervention program in low income families presented by Phyllis Levenstein, programmatic research on disadvantaged youth and an ameliorative intervention program by Merle B. Karnes and others, special education and…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

288

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting": Information Literacy Narratives and the Student Research Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives…

Detmering, Robert; Johnson, Anna Marie

2012-01-01

289

Adult Education Research Conference Papers (14th, Montreal, Quebec, April 5-6, 1973).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following papers were presented at the Adult Education Research Conference in Saskatchewan: (1) Three Channel Theory of Communication in Small Groups; (2) Communicating with Low Income People: CSCS Research; (3) Focus on the Future: Futurology for Correctional Education; (4) Using Experimental Design in Educational Research in a Volunteer,…

Boyd, Robert; And Others

290

Farming Systems Research: A Critical Appraisal. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of the state-of-the-art paper, second in a series on farming systems research (FSR) in the Third World, are to: (1) review the literature on farming systems; (2) evaluate farming systems research in international institutes and in national agricultural research systems in the Third World; and (3) recommend what can be done to…

Gilbert, Elon H.; And Others

291

40 CFR 18.9 - Duration of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.9 Section 18.9 Protection... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR...of Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. Initial appointments to...

2013-07-01

292

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5 Section 18.5 Protection... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND SPECIAL RESEARCH CONSULTANTS FOR...for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. Scholastic and other...

2013-07-01

293

The uneven spread of global science: Patterns of international collaboration in global environmental change research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data on publication and collaboration patterns of USA and German research institutions in the field of global environmental change research. A dataset derived from the Web of Science showed that a marked rise in international co-authorship occured in the period 1993–2002. However, this increase covered different world regions unevenly. Building on interview data, four factors driving international

Anita Engels; Tina Ruschenburg

2008-01-01

294

2005 synopsis on Canadian environmental legislation and policies affecting active sonar research based in Nova Scotia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) Atlantic has a number of sonar projects that require the underwater transmission of acoustic energy. Because of potential adverse environmental effects, a number of international and Canadian laws as well as Department of National Defence (DND) policies impact on these research activities. Of particular interest for this paper are the Canadian legislation and departmental

James A. Theriault; Gary Fisher; Sean Pecknold

2005-01-01

295

The 5th World Environmental Education Congress, 2009: A Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper contextualizes the 5th World Environmental Education Congress, discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the Congress theme "Earth Our Common Home," and relates this theorizing to the research project that was woven through the Congress. We provide a rationale for engaging in this research project, as an invitation for Congress…

Jickling, Bob; Sauve, Lucie; Briere, Laurence; Niblett, Blair; Root, Emily

2010-01-01

296

THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIMEN BANK RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR SAMPLING, STORAGE, AND ANALYSIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The work was performed under a joint NBS/EPA research program to develop state-of-the-art protocols for sampling, storage, and analysis of biological and environmental-type matrices. This report is a compliation of research papers and/or efforts describing developed or adopted pr...

297

The Distinctive Characteristics of Environmental Education Research in Australia: An Historical and Comparative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses the question of how Australian environmental education (EE) research was conceptualised and contextualised in the decade of the 1990s. Sixty seven articles published by Australian authors in this journal from 1990-2000 were analysed to examine the conceptualisation of this research using an inductive emergent categorisation…

Stevenson, Robert B.; Evans, Neus

2011-01-01

298

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

299

Environmental Research Puts Science into Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The new paradigm for student research should be articulations and collaborations with local governmental, academic, and civic entities. This will enable students to make lasting contributions to bettering their communities through scientific research, and to better understand the practical relevance of science. This article presents two such…

Zaikowski, Lori; Lichtman, Paul

2007-01-01

300

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH OUTLOOK FOR FY 1978 THROUGH FY 1982  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the third of a series of annual reports to Congress presenting a five-year projection of environmental research activities to be conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This year's report, however, takes a different approach than the two previous in ...

301

OCS Environmental Research Technology in Ice-Covered Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of ice for nine to ten months each year over the continental shelves in the Arctic requires new methods and technology in environmental assessment programs. As part of the BLM\\/NOAA Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program in Alaska, biological and physical research is now carried out routinely throughout the year, by landing helicopters on the pack ice and

G. Weller

1976-01-01

302

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAM RESEARCH STRATEGY, JULY 2002  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) is a long-term research effort to enable status and trends assessments of aquatic ecosystems across the U.S. with known statistical confidence. Initiated in the late 1980's wi...

303

Environmental Research: A Decade of Accomplishments 1990-2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Transportation, whether it is the mode of getting from one point to another (automobile, train) or the superstructure that supports it (road, bridge), has impacts on communities, people, and the environment. The FHWA Environmental Research Program (ERP) c...

1999-01-01

304

78 FR 63170 - Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on the Web site: http://science.energy.gov/ber/berac...to the Director, Office of Science of the Department of Energy...and Environmental Research News From the Biological Systems Science and Climate and...

2013-10-23

305

EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) WASTE MINIMIZATION RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

Waste minimization is viewed by the Environmental Protection Agency as a desirable and viable alternative to hazardous waste disposal. The Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory, in conjunction with the Office of Solid Waste, is developing a Waste Minimization Program fo...

306

Publishing non-research papers as a trainee: a recipe for beginners.  

PubMed

There is an ever-increasing expectation on trainees and junior doctors to publish more. Not all doctors are fortunate enough to participate in and publish high-quality original research. This paper provides some practical tips to trainee doctors, who are novice researchers and who have few or no published papers, on how to publish (not how to write) non-research papers. Although we acknowledge that not all these tips may be relevant to all trainees aspiring to publish, we hope that some of these tips will be applicable to most trainees. PMID:19710970

George, S; Moreira, K

2009-08-01

307

An exploration of future trends in environmental education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes future trends in environmental education (EE) research based on a mixed-methods study where data were collected through a content analysis of peer-reviewed articles published in EE journals between 2005 and 2010; interviews with experts engaged in EE research and sustainability-related fields; surveys with current EE researchers; and convenings with EE researchers and practitioners. We discuss four core

Nicole M. Ardoin; Charlotte Clark; Elin Kelsey

2012-01-01

308

Environmental Research Laboratories 1977 annual report  

SciTech Connect

Research is reported in the following subject areas: regional-scale effects of energy generation; mesoscale transport and diffusion modeling; effluent plume behavior; forest meteorology; climatological studies. Current research programs include air transport studies, especially in rough terrain; air pollution studies; the meteorological effects of cooling towers and energy production; research on plume and wake behavior (including effects of buoyancy, active thermal convection, building wake interaction, and removal processes); extension of atmospheric transport, diffusion, and effluent removal models to special situations such as over-water and over-forest flows; and study of the role of forest structure on the atmospheric energy balance and on diffusion. Separate abstracts were prepared for those studies on scope for ERA/EDB. (JGB)

Not Available

1978-12-01

309

The Impact of Training on Women's Micro-Enterprise Development. Education Research Paper. Knowledge & Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the impact of training on women's micro-enterprise development in four programs in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Sudan. Research design was a series of case studies of projects and programs providing training in technical or business skills. Impact of training was measured against these four indicators: income, access to and…

Leach, Fiona; Abdulla, Salwa; Appleton, Helen; el-Bushra, Judy; Cardenas, Nora; Kebede, Kibre; Lewis, Viv; Sitaram, Shashikala

310

Environmental Research Laboratory-Corvallis. Draft report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory research programs address several broad areas, including the ecological effects of airborne pollutants, such as ozone, acid rain, and air toxics; the effects of toxic chemicals on plants, animals, and ecosystems; the assessment and restoration of contaminated or degraded environments; the characterization and assessment of the vulnerability of ecological systems, such as wetlands, to human impacts; the use of

Lackey

1989-01-01

311

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH OUTLOOK, 1984  

EPA Science Inventory

This document is the ninth in this series of reports to Congress. Research needs identified in this year's report include: Toxic Substances and Pesticides, Hazardous Wastes, Air and Radiation, Energy, Acid Rain, Drinking Water, and Water Quality as well as several other issues wh...

312

Novel biotechnological approaches in environmental remediation research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two novel approaches, the use of Agrobacterium-transformed plant roots and mycelia cultures of fungi, are considered as research tools in the study of the remediation of soil, groundwater, and biowastes. Transformed roots are excellent model systems for screening higher plants that are tolerant of various inorganic and organic pollutants, and for determining the role of the root matrix in the

Marcia Pletsch; Brancilene Santos de Araujo; Barry V Charlwood

1999-01-01

313

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

314

Compilation of Abstracts of Dissertations, Theses, and Research Papers Submitted by Candidates for Degrees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication contains abstracts of theses and research papers submitted for Aeronautical Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Master of Science degrees and Master of Arts degrees during the period 1 April 1978 - 30 September 1978.

W. M. Tolles

1979-01-01

315

Basic and Applied Research on Environmental Decisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Societal use of well-understood physical or biological science generally involves social processes, including dissemination of the knowledge across society and modification of public policy and of group and individual behavior. The social processes are often poorly understood, from the standpoint of social science; thus, questions in applied natural science often give rise to fundamental questions within social science. For example, problems concerning communication of uncertain scientific information give rise to basic research about how conceptual frameworks (of both the recipients and the providers of such information) change, over the course of repeated attempts at communication. Our Center has been exposed to such communication problems, in several field projects, and this exposure has suggested fruitful new directions for our laboratory research on decision making. For example, we noted (as others have) that communication is often more effective when presented to a group of peers gathered in a familiar setting than to individuals. Among other observations, Orlove and his collaborators noted that Ugandan villagers gather in groups to hear radio broadcasts of climate forecasts together. What behavioral processes lead to more effective communication to groups? Does the social setting enhance individual learning? Does the group frame decision problems differently from the average individual member? Are individual goals modified by the group setting? All three of these processes may be important; we have results concerning each from our current laboratory experiments. I argue that these ideas also require major modification of current theories of decision making, and so are particularly fruitful for basic research in the Decision Sciences. Our experience has led us to emphasize the very close relation between basic and applied social research. We also believe that social-science students need much stronger education in natural sciences and/or engineering, in order to involve themselves deeply both in societal application of natural science and in the basic research on the social processes involved.

Krantz, D. H.

2006-12-01

316

Research Paper: Issues in Biomedical Research Data Management and Analysis: Needs and Barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesA. Identify the current state of data management needs of academic biomedical researchers. B. Explore their anticipated data management and analysis needs. C. Identify barriers to addressing those needs.DesignA multimodal needs analysis was conducted using a combination of an online survey and in-depth one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Subjects were recruited via an e-mail list representing a wide range of academic biomedical

Nicholas R. Anderson; E. Sally Lee; J. Scott Brockenbrough; Mark E. Minie; Sherrilynne Fuller; James F. Brinkley; Peter Tarczy-Hornoch

2007-01-01

317

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research

Gilat Brill; Anat Yarden

2003-01-01

318

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HAIPER) is an advanced airborne research platform which is currently being built and modified for application in environmental research. The aircraft is maintained and operated for the National Science Foundation by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo. HIAPER is described as "a new research aircraft with exceptional capabilities." The series of missions for this aircraft, which is scheduled to arrive at NCAR's Jefferson County Airport (JeffCo) facility on Friday, March 11, are beginning in 2005. The website provides information on the research project and the aircraft specifications, as well as photos of the aircraft, a glossary of terms used in aviation and in the atmospheric research community, and links to related websites.

319

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness.

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

320

Learning biology through research papers: a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students.  

PubMed

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

321

Stating the case for nursing research ethics committees: a discussion paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progression of nurse education from apprentice to educational courses in response to demands forstrengthening professional status has led to an increase of nursing research proposals at Level 3 and beyond. Accordingly, the demands on ethics committees in considering ethico-legal aspects of such proposals have also risen. Historically, this function has fallen to (medical) local research ethics committees. This paper considers

Theresa Mitchell; Ian Fletcher

1998-01-01

322

Characters and development tendency analysis on sports prediction scientific research papers in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sports prediction is an important part of sports statistics. With the development of interdisciplinary integration, such as the computing technology and the gray system, etc, there are some flaws in the scopes of its theory exploring, applied research and methods. Using literature methods and statistics methods, the essay analyzed the characters and development tendency on sports prediction research papers during

Changmei Huang; Weihua Shen

2011-01-01

323

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Business Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on business related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

324

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Humanities Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on humanities related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

325

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Education Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on education related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

326

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Psychology Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on psychology related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

327

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Psychology Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on psychology related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

328

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Humanities Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on humanities related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

329

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Education Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on education related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

330

Researching a Paper in the Library. A Programmed Text: Business Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of programmed texts specifically designed for college upperclassmen doing research for term papers, this text focuses on business related topics, and the examples have been selected with advanced research for academic disciplines in mind. The text emphasizes making critical and evaluative judgments about the materials used and is…

McArthur, Judy; Kenney, Pat

331

Environmental Education for Empowerment: Action Research and Community Problem Solving.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses the subject of environmental education in the context of educational and social change. It focuses on the synthesis of action research and community problem solving in the context of education. The result, Action Research and Community Problem Solving (ARCPS), can be defined as a process that enables students and teachers to…

Stapp, William B.; And Others

332

Incorporating environmental sciences and nursing research: An NINR initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environment is a pivotal determinant of human health and well-being, and understanding its impact is essential to improving public health. This article reflects the deliberations of a panel convened by the National Institute of Nursing Research to identify gaps in environmental sciences, along with research opportunities and challenges that could be explored through investigator-initiated clinical studies.

Patricia A. Grady; J. Taylor Harden; Patricia Moritz; Lynn M. Amende

1997-01-01

333

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) ADOPTS WETLANDS RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in January 1986 adopted a Wetlands Research Plan which decribes the research necessary to assist the Agency in implementing its responsibilities relative to wetlands, including 404 of the Clean Water Act. Many of the products will as...

334

Environmental Education Research in Southern Africa: Dilemmas of Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These multiple framings of our reflections on environmental education research in southern Africa are written as dilemmas of interpretation that aim to disrupt any temptation to generalise or essentialise its qualities and characteristics. Recognising that research is a textual practice, we use J. M. Coetzee's portrayal of the dilemmas faced by…

Gough, Annette; Gough, Noel

2004-01-01

335

The LBL\\/AGMEF\\/JSU El Yunque Environmental Research Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The LBL\\/AGMEF\\/JSU Environmental Research Initiative has had several noteworthy successes. Faculty and student development is apparent. A research project involving atmospheric aerosol sampling was established at Universidad Metropolitana under Prof. Fernando Diaz. A National Science Foundation grant received to expand upon that project. Review of analyses carried out since 1986 supports the original view that El Yunque peak on the

R. L. Dod; F. Diaz; L. Feliu; C. D. Parker

1989-01-01

336

Mass Spectrometry Plays a Significant Role in Advancing Environmental Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental science strives to understand the formation, disposition, transport, and transformation of pollutants in the environment. Explorations of reaction chemical kinetics and mechanisms, chemical and biological transformations of anthropogenic contaminants, and the transport of contaminants in atmospheric and aquatic systems represent the nature of research conducted. The performance of this research depends on the development and application of analytical techniques

M. Judith Charles; Thomas N. Feinberg

1995-01-01

337

Training in Business and Industry. Selected Research Papers, 1995. AERA Special Interest Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 7 of the 10 papers presented at the 1995 program of the American Educational Research Association's special interest group, Training in Business and Industry. The following papers are included: "A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Integrating Evaluation and Training" (Jo D. Gallagher); "Comparing Managers and Employees in Team…

Mulder, Martin, Ed.

338

RESEARCH PAPER WRITING: THE TASK DEPENDENCY PRINCIPLE AS A TOOL IN DEVELOPING LEARNER INDEPENDENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper sets out to examine the efficiency of the Task Dependency Principle (TDP) in teaching research paper writing for BA students in English Philology. So far the TDP has been used in teaching practical language skills to non-native speakers. It consists in giving students tasks which are based on previously accomplished tasks. The TDP has turned out to

Inesa Ðeðkauskienë

2006-01-01

339

National Association for Research in Science Teaching 44th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Abstracts of papers presented to the 44th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic of the session at which they were presented. Separate sessions were devoted to elementary, secondary, junior high school, and college and university science teaching, with papers on evaluation,…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

340

Training in Business and Industry. Selected Research Papers, 1995. AERA Special Interest Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 7 of the 10 papers presented at the 1995 program of the American Educational Research Association's special interest group, Training in Business and Industry. The following papers are included: "A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Integrating Evaluation and Training" (Jo D. Gallagher); "Comparing Managers and Employees in Team…

Mulder, Martin, Ed.

341

Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position paper, in collaboration with EFA  

PubMed Central

In less than half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health threat, today affecting the lives of more than 60 million people in Europe, and probably close to one billion worldwide, thereby heavily impacting the budgets of public health systems. More disturbingly, its prevalence and impact are on the rise, a development that has been associated with environmental and lifestyle changes accompanying the continuous process of urbanization and globalization. Therefore, there is an urgent need to prioritize and concert research efforts in the field of allergy, in order to achieve sustainable results on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of this most prevalent chronic disease of the 21st century. The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is the leading professional organization in the field of allergy, promoting excellence in clinical care, education, training and basic and translational research, all with the ultimate goal of improving the health of allergic patients. The European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations (EFA) is a non-profit network of allergy, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) patients’ organizations. In support of their missions, the present EAACI Position Paper, in collaboration with EFA, highlights the most important research needs in the field of allergy to serve as key recommendations for future research funding at the national and European levels. Although allergies may involve almost every organ of the body and an array of diverse external factors act as triggers, there are several common themes that need to be prioritized in research efforts. As in many other chronic diseases, effective prevention, curative treatment and accurate, rapid diagnosis represent major unmet needs. Detailed phenotyping/endotyping stands out as widely required in order to arrange or re-categorize clinical syndromes into more coherent, uniform and treatment-responsive groups. Research efforts to unveil the basic pathophysiologic pathways and mechanisms, thus leading to the comprehension and resolution of the pathophysiologic complexity of allergies will allow for the design of novel patient-oriented diagnostic and treatment protocols. Several allergic diseases require well-controlled epidemiological description and surveillance, using disease registries, pharmacoeconomic evaluation, as well as large biobanks. Additionally, there is a need for extensive studies to bring promising new biotechnological innovations, such as biological agents, vaccines of modified allergen molecules and engineered components for allergy diagnosis, closer to clinical practice. Finally, particular attention should be paid to the difficult-to-manage, precarious and costly severe disease forms and/or exacerbations. Nonetheless, currently arising treatments, mainly in the fields of immunotherapy and biologicals, hold great promise for targeted and causal management of allergic conditions. Active involvement of all stakeholders, including Patient Organizations and policy makers are necessary to achieve the aims emphasized herein.

2012-01-01

342

Research for the People--Research by the People. Selected Papers from the International Forum on Participatory Research (Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally presented at a forum on participatory research, these theoretical papers and case studies represent an effort to place the overall work of participatory research within the larger theoretical context of research methods, education, and structural change. In the first paper Orlando Fals Borda explores the relationship between science and…

Dubell, Folke, Ed.; And Others

343

Research for the People--Research by the People. Selected Papers from the International Forum on Participatory Research (Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Originally presented at a forum on participatory research, these theoretical papers and case studies represent an effort to place the overall work of participatory research within the larger theoretical context of research methods, education, and structural change. In the first paper Orlando Fals Borda explores the relationship between science…

Dubell, Folke, Ed.; And Others

344

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center, Ada, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

U.S. EPA's Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center, Ada, Oklahoma, has reduced its annual energy consumption by 45% by upgrading its building mechanical system and incorporating renewable energy.

Farrar-Nagy, S.; Voss, P.; Van Geet, O.

2006-10-01

345

Counting Highly Cited Papers for University Research Assessment: Conceptual and Technical Issues  

PubMed Central

A Kuhnian approach to research assessment requires us to consider that the important scientific breakthroughs that drive scientific progress are infrequent and that the progress of science does not depend on normal research. Consequently, indicators of research performance based on the total number of papers do not accurately measure scientific progress. Similarly, those universities with the best reputations in terms of scientific progress differ widely from other universities in terms of the scale of investments made in research and in the higher concentrations of outstanding scientists present, but less so in terms of the total number of papers or citations. This study argues that indicators for the 1% high-citation tail of the citation distribution reveal the contribution of universities to the progress of science and provide quantifiable justification for the large investments in research made by elite research universities. In this tail, which follows a power low, the number of the less frequent and highly cited important breakthroughs can be predicted from the frequencies of papers in the upper part of the tail. This study quantifies the false impression of excellence produced by multinational papers, and by other types of papers that do not contribute to the progress of science. Many of these papers are concentrated in and dominate lists of highly cited papers, especially in lower-ranked universities. The h-index obscures the differences between higher- and lower-ranked universities because the proportion of h-core papers in the 1% high-citation tail is not proportional to the value of the h-index.

Rodriguez-Navarro, Alonso

2012-01-01

346

SUMMARY OF DRILLING FLUID RESEARCH ACTIVITIES, U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, GULF BREEZE  

EPA Science Inventory

Drilling-fluid related research at the U.S. EPA Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, is summarized. The program is conducted primarily through contracts, grants, and some inhouse projects designed to assess the potential hazard to the marine environment from fluids dis...

347

The politics of global immunization initiatives: can we learn from research on global environmental issues?  

PubMed

The number of institutions, representing different groups of stakeholders and organizations, aiming to coordinate global health policy is on the rise. Yet, as each have distinct interests and priorities, the political dimension becomes an important factor in understanding how institutions work, and how the coordination at the global level affects implementation in countries. This is already a topic for research on global environmental cooperation, inciting the question if one can transfer their analytical framework to the health field. This paper combines a presentation of lessons from research on environmental regimes with a review of global immunization policies and initiatives in order to explore that possibility. The paper describes cooperation on vaccines and immunization according the concepts of institutions and regimes, as defined by international relations research. This description emphasizes efforts to fulfill transnational agreements on objectives, the different ways stakeholders organize and the dynamics of such arrangements. An account of the research practice on global environmental cooperation leads to a discussion of how one could adapt the analytical framework. The paper makes the case for the development of a research program, where the analytical approach is modified to account for the interaction between technology production and public-led institutions. The conclusion proposes a number of entry points to research that have already yielded policy-relevant knowledge in the environmental field. These include the formation of new institutions, the contribution of institutional design to effective implementation, and the interplay between vaccine initiatives and other global institutions. PMID:17449135

Sandberg, Kristin Ingstad; Bjune, Gunnar

2007-04-20

348

Outcome Research in Environmental Education: A Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review includes an analysis of the 34 environmental education studies published since 1974 that attempted to demonstrate changes in environmentally relevant knowledge, attitudes, or behaviors. The authors divide the studies into two major categories—in-class and out-of-class programs—and critique the studies' findings and methodologies. Although many of the investigations contained methodological difficulties, some of the findings indicate that future research

Frank C. Leeming; William O. Dwyer; Bryan E. Porter; Melissa K. Cobern

1993-01-01

349

Biomedical Research Institute, Biomedical Research Foundation of Northwest Louisiana, Shreveport, Louisiana. Environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-0789, evaluating the environmental impacts of construction and operation of a Biomedical Research Institute (BRI) at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Medical Center, Shreveport, Louisiana. The purpose of the BRI is to accelerate the development of biomedical research in cardiovascular disease, molecular biology, and neurobiology. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required.

Not Available

1992-05-02

350

New view of environmental health: Toward an environmental research policy for international strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are witnessing a growing concern with the global dimension of many environmental issues, reflected in the increase in the number and significance of international environmental organizations. Yet there is no internationally applicable strategy for environmental research which is management oriented. A new type of research policy, which integrates ideas derived from environmental and human ecology, is required in order to deal with cultural and ecological diversity and their interactions as reflected in the ecology of landscapes. The newly defined concept of environmental health is proposed to fill this gap. This concept integrates the latest developments in landscape evolutionary ecology and environmental health, bringing out a conflict between making the environment conducive to human health and increasing the available options for supporting the essential biological and ecological processes of the environment. Lessons derived from the evolution of human environments are used in order to illustrate how health may become un umbrella for developing an environmental research policy, which could also serve as a catalyst for international environmental projects.

Ayala, Hana L.

1987-03-01

351

The Genesis of an ‘Interesting’ and Important Social and Environmental Accounting Conversation: Celebrating the Contribution of Professor David Owen to Social and Environmental Accounting and Auditing (SEAA) Research and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reflects on the nature of ‘interesting’ research in the context of the contributions Professor David Owen has made to the social and environmental accounting and auditing (SEAA) research field over his academic career. The paper reviews some of Professor Owen's key research themes and research papers related to the topic of (corporate) social accountability as examples of ‘interesting’

Brendan ODwyer

2011-01-01

352

Research and development for DOE environmental restoration and waste management  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) recently consolidated its environmental restoration and waste management activities. Within that new organization, DOE has committed to support Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing and Evaluation (RDDT E) activities with the following objectives: rapidly advance beyond currently available technologies; provide solutions to key technical issues that will improve effectiveness, efficiency, and safety; and enhance DOE's ability to meet its 30-year compliance and cleanup goals. DOE has already supported a number of R D activities in this area and plans to continue that support in the future. DOE's Office of Technology Development is interested in eliciting broad participation from qualified organizations who can contribute to RDDT E activities. This presentation addresses the on-going and future R D, with an emphasis on the private sector activities. To focus private sector capabilities on the high-priority needs of DOE, a series of competitive solicitations was started in FY 1990. On May 1, 1990, on behalf of DOE's Office of Technology Development, Argonne National Laboratory issued a Request for Proposals that solicited proposals for research and development in the areas of (1) groundwater remediation, (2) soil remediation, (3) characterization of contamination and geological and hydrological features, and (4) containment of contaminated sites. In response to this solicitation, Argonne National Laboratory received 147 proposals. Fifteen of the proposals totaling $5.7 million were funded in FY 1990. The scope of work and evaluation criteria used in the procurement and the workscope of the resultant contracts are reviewed in this paper. The FY 1991 plans for competitive private sector research and development activities will also be presented at the conference. Funding levels, technical workscope, evaluation criteria, and schedule for the FY 1991 Request for Proposals will be detailed. 2 tabs.

Erickson, M.D.; Borys, S.S.; Bugielski, D. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Lien, S.C.T.; Hain, K.E. (USDOE Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Research and Development)

1991-01-01

353

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect, or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health research program emphasizes the validation of appropriate biologic markers and their application to high-priority Agency issues. The rationale for EPA's biomarker research program is presented, and future research directions are discussed. Exposure biomarkers will receive most of the research emphasis in the near term, particularly body burden indicators of exposure to high-priority chemicals, such as benzene, ozone, selected heavy metals, and organophosphate pesticides. Research on effects biomarkers will attempt to validate the relationship between the observed biological effects and adverse health consequences in humans, especially for cancer, pulmonary toxicity, immunotoxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity.

Fowle, J.R. III; Sexton, K. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-11-01

354

Applying EMSL Capabilities to Biogeochemistry and Environmental Research  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Molecular Sciences laboratory (EMSL) is a national scientific user facility operated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Located in Richland, Washington, EMSL offers researchers a comprehensive array of cutting-edge capabilities unmatched anywhere else in the world and access to the expertise of over 300 resident users--all at one location. EMSL's resources are available on a peer-reviewed proposal basis and are offered at no cost if research results are shared in the open literature. Researchers are encouraged to submit a proposal centered around one of EMSL's four Science Themes, which represent growing areas of research: (1) Geochemistry/Biogeochemistry and Subsurface Science; (2) Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry; (3) Biological Interactions and Dynamics; and (4) Science of Interfacial Phenomena. To learn more about EMSL, visit www.emsl.pnl.gov.

Felmy, Andy

2007-04-19

355

Research on biodeterioration of wood, 1987-1992. 1. Decay mechanisms and biocontrol. Forest Service research paper  

SciTech Connect

Growing concerns about the environment present an urgent need for new approaches to preserving wood. Some commonly used preservatives have been banned or restricted in several countries. The research paper first describes current knowledge about how white-and-brown rot fungi decay wood and then delineates research in to problem areas: (1) control of wood decay through targeting biosynthetic and degradative pathways, and (2) biological control (biocontrol) of wood decay through non-decay micro-organisms.

Highley, T.L.; Clausen, C.A.; Croan, S.C.; Green, F.; Illman, B.L.

1994-03-01

356

Development of research paper writing skills of poultry science undergraduate students studying food microbiology.  

PubMed

Because food and poultry industries are demanding an improvement in written communication skills among graduates, research paper writing should be an integral part of a senior undergraduate class. However, scientific writing assignments are often treated as secondary to developing the technical skills of the students. Scientific research paper writing has been emphasized in an undergraduate course on advanced food microbiology taught in the Poultry Science Department at Texas A& M University (College Station, TX). Students' opinions suggest that research paper writing as part of a senior course in Poultry Science provides students with scientific communication skills and useful training for their career, but more emphasis on reading and understanding scientific literature may be required. PMID:16523638

Howard, Z R; Donalson, L M; Kim, W K; Li, X; Zabala Díaz, I; Landers, K L; Maciorowski, K G; Ricke, S C

2006-02-01

357

Making Biodiversity Conservation Happen: The Role of Environmental Education and Communication. A GreenCOM Disucssion Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This discussion paper is one of a series produced by the Environmental Education and Communication (GreenCOM) Project of the United States Agency for International Development. The series is intended for policy makers, program managers, technical speciali...

P. Foster-Turkey

1996-01-01

358

The Role of Action Research (AR) in Environmental Research: Learning from a Local Organic Food and Farming Research Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

We expand on the FMA model of inquiry elucidated by Checkland and Holwell (Syst Pract Act Res 11:9, 1998) and identify three\\u000a kinds of research: interactive Action Research (AR), extractive participatory research, and traditional science, that were\\u000a integrated into an interdisciplinary agro-environmental research project involving researchers from eight countries around\\u000a the Baltic Sea. The research project held the goal of

Hillevi Helmfrid; Andrew Haden; Magnus Ljung

2008-01-01

359

Reading a Critical Review of Evidence: Notes and queries on research programmes in environmental education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rickinson's (2001) review of the evidence base for environmental education learning is a welcome addition to the literature. It is comprehensive, displays technical merit, and is valuable as a resource for informing the substance and focus of future research in this area. A critical perspective is still required though. In this paper, we explore the notion that a review communicates

ALAN D. REID; JUTTA NIKEL

2003-01-01

360

Statistical and Scientometric Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Certain statistic and scientometric features of articles published in the journal "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) are examined in this paper for the period 1992-2009 by applying nonparametric statistics and Shannon's entropy (diversity) formula. The main findings of this analysis are: (a) after 2004,…

Papadimitriou, Fivos; Kidman, Gillian

2012-01-01

361

Environmental analysis using integrated GIS and remotely sensed data - Some research needs and priorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some basic scientific issues and research needs in the joint processing of remotely sensed and GIS data for environmental analysis. Two general topics are treated in detail: (1) scale dependence of geographic data and the analysis of multiscale remotely sensed and GIS data, and (2) data transformations and information flow during data processing. The discussion of scale

F. W. Davis; D. A. Quattrochi; M. K. Ridd; N. S.-N. Lam; S. J. Walsh

1991-01-01

362

The University of Birmingham - Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Birmingham introduces the goal of its department of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences' (GEES) research to link climate, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology studies in order to build integrated models of fluvial systems. Users can find ample information about the goals and significance in its many projects which include riparian hydroecology, hydrology of cold environments, hydrogeomorphology, and channel sedimentation dynamics. Most of the materials contain an abundance of links to help users fully understand the Earth Surface Systems research. Along with the research of the staff, the site supplies introductions to many of the PhD research students' work.

363

EDITORIAL: The need and challenge for Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why another journal? This is the inevitable question that every effort to launch a new journal must, and should, address. A common statistic in the business world is that nine out of ten new restaurants fail. In the academic world something similar, but less definitive, can happen: a potentially interesting, but practically flawed, effort can be launched, never truly build an intellectual community, but then continue as a sub-critical, little-known journal for far too long. The challenge any new publication, academic or professional, faces is thus extreme. A new journal must find a way to usefully compete, and bring new value, in the face of multiple existing outlets for significant results, tremendous barriers to establishing a 'track record' or 'name recognition' against existing publications, and a print and a cyberspace increasingly desperate in the search for 'content', scientific or otherwise. In the case of Environmental Research Letters (ERL), however, these questions answered themselves and, as a result, I cannot imagine a more critically needed new publication. Indeed, the goal of ERL is to be more than simply one more good new journal. It is to be a place—both physical and online—that those engaged in environmental issues—from researchers within the physical and natural sciences, to those concerned with applied systems studies, modeling and simulation techniques, practical engagement in environmental activism, and developing, conducting or critiquing policy, legal, or business efforts—will all want to go to read, and to engage with colleagues. The environmental field has witnessed an incredible intellectual and professional proliferation. The areas of ecological resilience, global change science, policy, law and economics, industrial ecology, green buildings, environmental genomics, environmental archaeology, and the sociology of environmental movements have become increasingly regarded and, to varying degrees, recognized themselves as major fields. To that illustrative list, the number and diversity of emerging areas of investigation have also blossomed—from the economics of biodiversity, to the interface of synthetic biology and agro- and bioenergy crops and systems, to the potential of the nanotechnology/energy interface to become the 'next trillion dollar industry', environment, science, and technology are changing at incredible rates. While many of these areas have, or will have, highly focused journals and publications, a massive void has developed in the linking and dialog around what are the truly seminal advances in environmental science, social science, business, law, and policy. The need for this dialog is vital, and yet it is far too easy to forget in the hectic and information overloaded academic, business, governmental, and non-governmental communities. Everyone recognizes that environmental research and practice today exists within an increasingly interdisciplinary setting. That simple statement, often echoed, but easily forgotten on a day-to-day basis, is the intellectual glue that we must not neglect, and from which will come many of the advances that make understanding the environment so unique. ERL begins publication this month, October 2006, in an intellectual milieu that lacks a journal and a forum for such an environmental discussion and dialog. Until now, there has been no place to access the combination of environmental research breadth and depth that is the goal of ERL. The format of the journal is intended to facilitate such exchanges. ERL will be built around concise, high-impact original research Letters that present important results from across the environmental spectrum. As the first open-access journal to cover the whole of environmental science, our aim for ERL is to offer: Completely free access to original research of the highest quality. The environmental research and action community is diverse, both intellectually and geographically. ERL's open-access publishing model will make it a truly unique resource for scholars in developed and developing nations, as well a

Kammen, Daniel M.

2006-11-01

364

Toxic Releases from Paper Made with Recovered Wastepaper versus Virgin Wood Fiber: A Research Note  

PubMed

Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) data were used to compare average releases (kilograms per metric ton) of paper mills using primarily recovered wastepaper versus mills using primarily virgin wood fiber. Annual releases, for 79 mills, of chlorine, chlorine dioxide, chloroform, acids (hydrochloric and sulfuric), volatile organics (methyl ethyl ketone, methanol, and acetone), and ammonia were compared over the years 1987-1992. Both types of mills reported generally lower toxic releases in 1992 than in 1987; however, toxic releases in all categories were significantly lower from mills using recovered wastepaper than from mills using virgin wood fiber, strongly demonstrating that recycling has added benefits beyond reduced resource consumption. These results suggest that environmental policy should concentrate as much on increasing demand for recycled paper and developing wastepaper collection infrastructure as it does on end-of-pipe pollution abatement.KEY WORDS: Recycled paper; Toxic Release Inventory PMID:8703109

Press

1996-09-01

365

AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers: Socio-Psychological Dimensions, Research Design and Safety. Volume II, Book 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection focuses on research topics in physical education and athletics and includes the following papers: Methodological Problems in the Assessment of Personality from the Psychoanalytic, Behavioral and Cognitive Positions; Some Factors Affecting the Performance of Women in Sports and Activity; Multivariate Considerations in Children's…

Cox, Richard H., Ed.

366

Trends in university environmental health research and training.  

PubMed

A survey of 157 college and university programs in the United States indicates that, during the ten-year period from 1967 through 1976, the number of people completing graduate programs in environmental health specialties at the master's, doctoral, and post-doctoral levels doubled. In 1974-75, 75 per cent of those completing master's degree programs were in the specialty areas of water pollution, air pollution, and occupational health; 76 per cent of those completing doctoral programs were in water pollution, toxicology, radiation protection, air pollution, and cancer research; and 61 per cent of those completing post-doctoral programs were in cancer research and toxicology. Including those whose current positions could not be ascertained, less than 10 per cent of all graduates accepted employment outside the field of environmental health. Funding for university environmental health research continued to increase throughout this ten-year period. The sources of this funding, however, changed dramatically, with the relative contributions from the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare decreasing significantly, while those from industry and other federal agencies increased. In contrast, funding for university environmental health training increased significantly between 1966 and 1971, but showed no increase from 1971 to 1975. During this latter period, training support provided by HEW remained essentially constant, that by the Environmental Protection Agency decreased to less than half, while that from the universities approximately tripled. (Am. J. Public Health 69:125-129,1979.) PMID:760569

Moeller, D W; Pahl, H B; Hammond, P B

1979-02-01

367

Environmental Systems Research Candidates Program--FY2000 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program, which is scheduled to end September 2001, was established in April 2000 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to provide key science and technology to meet the clean-up mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management, and perform research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the progress and accomplishments of the ESRC Program from April through September 2000. The ESRC Program consists of 24 tasks subdivided within four research areas: A. Environmental Characterization Science and Technology. This research explores new data acquisition, processing, and interpretation methods that support cleanup and long-term stewardship decisions. B. Subsurface Understanding. This research expands understanding of the biology, chemistry, physics, hydrology, and geology needed to improve models of contamination problems in the earth’s subsurface. C. Environmental Computational Modeling. This research develops INEEL computing capability for modeling subsurface contaminants and contaminated facilities. D. Environmental Systems Science and Technology. This research explores novel processes to treat waste and decontaminate facilities. Our accomplishments during FY 2000 include the following: • We determined, through analysis of samples taken in and around the INEEL site, that mercury emissions from the INEEL calciner have not raised regional off-INEEL mercury contamination levels above normal background. • We have initially demonstrated the use of x-ray fluorescence to image uranium and heavy metal concentrations in soil samples. • We increased our understanding of the subsurface environment; applying mathematical complexity theory to the problem of transport of subsurface contaminants. • We upgraded the INEEL’s high-speed computer link to offsite supercomputers from T1 (1.5 MB/s) to DS3 (45 MB/s). Procurements have initiated a further upgrade to OC3 (155 MB/s) with additional onsite computational power that should put the INEEL on the Top 500 Supercomputing Sites list. • We developed advanced decontamination, decommissioning, and dismantlement techniques, including the Decontamination, Decommissioning, and Remediation Optimal Planning System.

Piet, Steven James

2001-01-01

368

Paper and plastic in daily diary research: Comment on Green, Rafaeli, Bolger, Shrout, and Reis (2006).  

PubMed

The authors applaud A. S. Green, E. Rafaeli, N. Bolger, P. E. Shrout, and H. T. Reis's (2006) response to one-sided comparisons of paper versus electronic (plastic) diary methods and hope that it will stimulate more balanced considerations of the issues involved. The authors begin by highlighting areas of agreement and disagreement with Green et al. The authors review briefly the broader literature that has compared paper and plastic diaries, noting how recent comparisons have relied on study designs and methods that favor investigators' allegiances. The authors note some sorely needed data for the evaluation of the implications of paper versus plastic for the internal and external validity of research. To facilitate evaluation of the existing literature and assist in the design of future studies, the authors offer a balanced comparison of paper and electronic diary methods across a range of applications. Finally, the authors propose 2 study designs that offer fair comparisons of paper and plastic diary methods. PMID:16594771

Tennen, Howard; Affleck, Glenn; Coyne, James C; Larsen, Randy J; Delongis, Anita

2006-03-01

369

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

370

Re-Imagining California Higher Education: Research & Occasional Papers Series: CSHE.14.10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

2010 marks the 50th anniversary of California's famed Master Plan for Higher Education, arguably the single most influential effort to plan the future of a system of higher education in the annals of American higher education. This essay builds on the analysis offered in a previous CSHE research paper ("From Chaos to Order and Back") by discussing…

Douglass, John Aubrey

2010-01-01

371

Internet Administration of Paper-and-Pencil Questionnaires Used in Couple Research: Assessing Psychometric Equivalence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the psychometric equivalence of paper-and-pencil and Internet formats of key questionnaires used in couple research. Self-report questionnaires assessing interpersonal constructs (relationship satisfaction, communication/conflict management, partner support, emotional intimacy) and intrapersonal constructs (individual traits,…

Brock, Rebecca L.; Barry, Robin A.; Lawrence, Erika; Dey, Jodi; Rolffs, Jaci

2012-01-01

372

National Association for Research in Science Teaching. 50th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication provides abstracts of papers presented at the 50th annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching held in Cincinnati, Ohio March 22-24, 1977. The entries represent a wide range of topics in the field of science education. Topics include instruction, teacher education, learning, enrollments, concept…

Helgeson, Stanley L., Ed.

373

Innovative Research-Based Approaches to Learning and Teaching. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 79  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on an earlier 2008 summary prepared for OECD by Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter, this paper by Gesa S. E. van den Broek provides a more extensive discussion of approaches described as "research based innovation." "Fostering Communities of Learning" is a constructivist approach in which teachers help students discover important…

van den Broek, Gesa Sonja Elsa

2012-01-01

374

Plan-Do-Check-Act and the Management of Institutional Research. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the application of a Total Quality Management strategy called Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) to the projects and activities of an institutional research office at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. PDCA is a cycle designed to facilitate incremental continual improvement through change. The specific steps are…

McLaughlin, Gerald W.; Snyder, Julie K.

375

Research Advances: Paper Batteries, Phototriggered Microcapsules, and Oil-Free Plastic Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemists continue to work at the forefront of materials science research. Recent advances include application of bioengineering to produce plastics from renewable biomass instead of petroleum, generation of paper-based batteries, and development of phototriggerable microcapsules for chemical delivery. In this article, the author provides…

King, Angela G.

2010-01-01

376

Intermediate Level Skills: How Are They Changing? Skills Task Force Research Paper 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the demand for and supply of intermediate-level vocational skills within the United Kingdom (UK) economy. Using existing research from surveys and case studies, Part One argues that there is a lack of evidence that widespread intermediate-skill shortages exist within the expanding service sector. In the manufacturing sector,…

Lloyd, Caroline; Steedman, Hilary

377

A Review of Recent Near Infrared Research for Wood and Paper (Part 2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article introduces recent technical and scientific reports in terms of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy at wood and paper science and industry, where the interests for them have been suddenly increased during the last decade. Many researchers reported NIR technique was useful to detect multi information in both chemical and physical properties of wood materials although it was widely

SATORU TSUCHIKAWA; MANFRED SCHWANNINGER

2011-01-01

378

A Review of Recent Near Infrared Research for Wood and Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article introduces recent technical and scientific reports in terms of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in the wood and paper science and industry, where interest has increased during the last couple decades. Many researchers reported the NIR technique was useful to detect multi information in both chemical and physical properties of wood materials, although it was widely used in

Satoru Tsuchikawa

2007-01-01

379

Research Issues in Manufacturing Flexibility - An Invited Review Paper for ICRA 2000 Symposium on Flexibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of flexibility issues in manufacturing. It covers strategies and approaches across the spectrum of product development, manufacturing, and distribution, showing different objectives of flexibility, such as design, manufacturing, and customization, along with approaches that have been suggested by researchers or implemented in industry

Daniel E. Whitney

2000-01-01

380

The Fictionalized Reader: Audiences for High-School Writers of Research Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school students writing research papers face the problem of finding audiences for their work, especially today when the consensus is that any kind of good writing requires some hypothetical audience or reader. Unless students are in a composition class where they write to someone special, they have difficulty grasping the idea of audience.…

DaGue, Elizabeth L.

381

Context Thesaurus for the Extraction of Metadata from Medical Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the academic literature available on the Web has never been adequately catalogued. Consequently, even using large-scale search engines, much of it remains inaccessible to researchers as indexing on this scale lacks the necessary detail to cope with discipline dependent terminologies and ontologies. Metadata has become a popular means to provide such information within known domains. In this paper,

Michael A. Shepherd; Carolyn R. Watters; June Young

2004-01-01

382

University Research and Economic Development in Arizona Today: A Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the working papers in the final report of the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness, this study focuses on Arizona's university research and economic development. There is concern that America is losing its competitive edge in the crucial areas of science and technology as fewer students study…

Fisher, Marvin

383

National Association for Research in Science Teaching, 45th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Abstracts of papers presented to the 45th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching are arranged according to the topic for the session at which they were presented. Series of sessions were devoted to test and instrument development, evaluation, learning theory, verbal behavior, instructional methods and…

ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

384

Nine Steps to a Quality Research Paper. A Special Report. Professional Growth Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide begins by offering advice to students who have been assigned to write a research paper and hints to teachers for ways in which they can facilitate the process for their students. It then presents detailed guidelines for students in nine steps: (1) Selecting a Topic; (2) Narrowing the Topic; (3) Formulating a Preliminary Question…

Stuurmans, Harry

385

Health and Environmental Research: summary of accomplishments. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This is an account of some of the accomplishments of the health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Both direct and indirect societal benefits emerged from the new knowledge provided by the health and environmental research program. In many cases, the private sector took this knowledge and applied it well beyond the mission of supporting the defense and energy needs of the Nation. Industrial and medical applications, for example, have in several instances provided annual savings to society of $100 million or more. The form of this presentation is, in fact, through ''snapshots'' - examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of the areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The program's worth is not necessarily confined to such accomplishments; it extends, rather, to its ability to identify and help solve potential health and environmental problems before they become critical. This anticipatory mission has been pursued with an approach that combines applied problem solving with a commitment to fundamental research that is long-term and high-risk. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

Not Available

1986-08-01

386

Personalized Exposure Assessment: Promising Approaches for Human Environmental Health Research  

PubMed Central

New technologies and methods for assessing human exposure to chemicals, dietary and lifestyle factors, infectious agents, and other stressors provide an opportunity to extend the range of human health investigations and advance our understanding of the relationship between environmental exposure and disease. An ad hoc Committee on Environmental Exposure Technology Development was convened to identify new technologies and methods for deriving personalized exposure measurements for application to environmental health studies. The committee identified a “toolbox” of methods for measuring external (environmental) and internal (biologic) exposure and assessing human behaviors that influence the likelihood of exposure to environmental agents. The methods use environmental sensors, geographic information systems, biologic sensors, toxicogenomics, and body burden (biologic) measurements. We discuss each of the methods in relation to current use in human health research; specific gaps in the development, validation, and application of the methods are highlighted. We also present a conceptual framework for moving these technologies into use and acceptance by the scientific community. The framework focuses on understanding complex human diseases using an integrated approach to exposure assessment to define particular exposure–disease relationships and the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in disease occurrence. Improved methods for exposure assessment will result in better means of monitoring and targeting intervention and prevention programs.

Weis, Brenda K.; Balshaw, David; Barr, John R.; Brown, David; Ellisman, Mark; Lioy, Paul; Omenn, Gilbert; Potter, John D.; Smith, Martyn T.; Sohn, Lydia; Suk, William A.; Sumner, Susan; Swenberg, James; Walt, David R.; Watkins, Simon; Thompson, Claudia; Wilson, Samuel H.

2005-01-01

387

Environmental Research In Practice: Restoration And Protection Of Water Resources  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is tasked to protect human health and the environment. To carry out this task, the EPA makes use of technical expertise within its Office of Research and Development. Restoration and protection of water resources is one area of tec...

388

EDITORIAL: Celebrating one year of Environmental Research Letters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The one-year anniversary is a critical milestone for a new journal. At that point there are enough articles published to begin to define the scope and readership, yet generally not enough of a track-record for the full community to regard the new entrant as a fixture and a source of 'must read' material. Environmental Research Letters (ERL) has set itself

Daniel M. Kammen

2008-01-01

389

Research on Resource Utilization and Environmental Impact for Chinese Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of booming economic growth based on mass production and consumption, China has been discharging an enormous amount of wastes giving rise to a wide range of environmental impacts. The method of economy-wide material flow analysis (EW-MFA) is one of the effective tools to examine and assess the metabolic performance of physical economies, but relevant researches in China

Duan Ning; Liu Kailing

2009-01-01

390

Environmental Research and Development: Strengthening the Federal Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report addresses the research and development (R&D) organizations and the decision-making processes that the Federal Government needs to enable it to work toward national and global environmental objectives. It is essential that these programs be well organized, adequately funded, and closely linked with the policy-making process. The report…

Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, New York, NY.

391

Multimedia Assessment and Environmental Research Needs of the Cement Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was initiated to obtain a comprehensive assessment of the cement industry and its environmental research needs. This report contains a profile of the U.S. cement industry; an analysis of the cement manufacturing processes; a discussion of was...

R. F. Smith J. E. Levin

1979-01-01

392

MULTIMEDIA ASSESSMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH NEEDS OF THE CEMENT INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This project was initiated to obtain a comprehensive assessment of the cement industry and its environmental research needs. This report contains a profile of the U.S. cement industry; an analysis of the cement manufacturing processes; a discussion of waste stream characteristics...

393

THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S WATERSHED MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAM: AN OVERVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has directed much attention to watersheds and water quality during its tenure as the United States Federal Agency charged with protection of human health and the environment. Watershed research as a vehicle to understand the interaction ...

394

GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS TOOL FOR HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (GATHER)  

EPA Science Inventory

GATHER, Geographic Analysis Tool for Health and Environmental Research, is an online spatial data access system that provides members of the public health community and general public access to spatial data that is pertinent to the analysis and exploration of public health issues...

395

A Community-Based Social Marketing Campaign at Pacific University Oregon: Recycling, Paper Reduction, and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to design a community-based social marketing (CBSM) campaign to foster sustainable behavior change in paper reduction, commingled recycling, and purchasing environmentally preferred products (EPP) with faculty and staff at Pacific University Oregon. Design/methodology/approach: A CBSM campaign was developed…

Cole, Elaine J.; Fieselman, Laura

2013-01-01

396

A Community-Based Social Marketing Campaign at Pacific University Oregon: Recycling, Paper Reduction, and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to design a community-based social marketing (CBSM) campaign to foster sustainable behavior change in paper reduction, commingled recycling, and purchasing environmentally preferred products (EPP) with faculty and staff at Pacific University Oregon. Design/methodology/approach: A CBSM campaign was developed…

Cole, Elaine J.; Fieselman, Laura

2013-01-01

397

ROLE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S AIR AND ENERGY ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the major role played by quality assurance (QA) in the environmental engineering research programs conducted by EPA's Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) in Research Triangle Park, NC. Consistent with Agency policy, AEERL requires that all d...

398

Environmental Education and Training in Hungary. Training Discussion Paper No. 83.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Hungary, the educational system is responsible for developing an up-to-date and enlightened attitude toward the environment. Elementary schools have made the greatest advance in environmental education during the past 10 years. Conditions for environmental education are most favorable in the gymnasium; secondary vocational education has the…

Benedek, Andras; Kohl, Agnes

399

Technologies development for environmental restoration and waste management: International university and research institution and industry partnerships  

SciTech Connect

The Institute for Central and Eastern European Cooperative Environmental Research (ICEECER) at Florida State University was formed in 1990 soon after the end of the Cold War. ICEECER consists of a number of joint centers which link FSU, and US as well as international funding agencies, to academic and research institutions in Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia, and the other countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States. Areas of interest include risk assessment, toxicology, contaminated site remediation/characterization, waste management, emergency response, environmental technology development/demonstration/transfer, and some specialized areas of research (e.g., advanced chemical separations). Through ICEECER, numerous international conferences, symposia, training courses, and workshops have also been conducted on a variety of environmental topics. This paper summarizes the mission, structure, and administration of ICEECER and provides information on the projects conducted through this program at FSU.

Herndon, R.C.; Moerlins, J.E.; Kuperberg, J.M.

1996-12-31

400

The concept of externality: Implications for TVA Environmental Research Center  

SciTech Connect

Pollution of the environment is a result of the economic activities of production and consumption. And although the market system is touted as the superior method of organizing and operating an economic system, society frequently is dissatisfied with some of the side effects. In these cases of market failure, a cry for intervention often is raised to obtain more socially-desirable solutions. Environmental pollution is one symptom of market failure. If the TVA Environmental Research Center is to focus on defining solutions to environmental problems and designing policy options for implementing such solutions, its efforts should benefit from an understanding of why the market fails and how it may be adjusted to produce more socially-desirable results. The purposes of this report are to: (1) promote an appreciation for and understanding of the concept of externality; (2) demonstrate the utility of the concept in the design and packaging of policy and technology for improved environmental performance; (3) provide a brief summary of the externality valuation issue currently being debated by the electric power industry; and (4) identify environmental research and development agenda opportunities or strategic considerations suggested for the Center by this review.

Foster, T.H.

1994-06-01

401

Toxic releases from paper made with recovered wastepaper versus virgin wood fiber: A research note  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) data were used to compare average releases (kilograms per metric ton) of paper mills using primarily recovered wastepaper versus mills using primarily virgin wood fiber. Annual releases, for 79 mills, of chlorine, chlorine dioxide, chloroform, acids (hydrochloric and sulfuric), volatile organics (methyl ethyl ketone, methanol, and acetone), and ammonia were compared over the years 1987-1992. Both types of mills reported generally lower toxic releases in 1992 than in 1987; however, toxic releases in all categories were significantly lower from mills using recovered wastepaper than from mills using virgin wood fiber, strongly demonstrating that recycling has added benefits beyond reduced resource consumption. These results suggest that environmental policy should concentrate as much on increasing demand for recycled paper and developing wastepaper collection infrastructure as it does on end-of-pipe pollution abatement.

Press, Daniel

1996-09-01

402

TERENO - A new Network of Terrestrial Observatories for Environmental Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to address the challenges of global change, interdisciplinary research in terrestrial environmental science is of great importance. Several environmental research networks have already been established in order to monitor, analyse and predict the impact of global change on different compartments and/or matter cycles of the environment. Typically these environmental research networks have focused on specific research questions, and compartments, such as CarboEurope, FLUXNET and ILTER. The infrastructure activity TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatories) aims the establishment of a network of terrestrial observatories, defined as a system consisting of the subsurface environment, the land surface including the biosphere, the lower atmosphere and the anthroposphere. Hydrological units will be used as the basic scaling units in a hierarchy of evolving scales and structures ranging from the local scale to the regional scale for multi-disciplinary process studies. Although terrestrial systems are extremely complex, the terrestrial component in most process-based climate and biosphere models is typically represented in a very conceptual and often rudimentary way. Remedying this deficiency is therefore one of the most important challenges in environmental and terrestrial research, and we suggest that terrestrial observatories could be an important step towards a new quality in environmental and terrestrial research. For the first phase three terrestrial observatories in Germany have been identified: the Lower Rhine Basin, the metropolitan area Leipzig-Halle, and the Northern pre-Alps including the long-term research stations Hoeglwald and Scheyern. A fourth Observatory is planned in the German Lowland region. The concept of TERENO is illustrated by the Lower Rhine Basin. A monitoring concept for the Rur catchment -the largest catchment in the observatory- will be described that is capable of measuring the spatial-temporal variability of the main hydrological processes and interactions as well as the varying residence times of the terrestrial water stores. More detailed measurements and characterisation of smaller, focal catchments will be embedded within progressively larger catchments, allowing the critical evaluation and development of hydrologic scaling strategies. Specific attention will be given to install novel wireless sensor technology and hydrogeophysical measurement techniques combined with remote sensing methods (e.g. precipitation radars and airborne remote sensing platforms).

Bogena, H. R.; Haschberger, P.; Hajnsek, I.; Dietrich, P.; Priesack, E.; Munch, J.; Schmid, H.; Zacharias, S.; Vereecken, H.

2008-12-01

403

TERENO - A new Network of Terrestrial Observatories for Environmental Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to address the challenges of global change, interdisciplinary research in terrestrial environmental science is of great importance. Several environmental research networks have already been established in order to monitor, analyse and predict the impact of global change on different compartments and/or matter cycles of the environment. Typically these environmental research networks have focused on specific research questions, and compartments, such as CarboEurope, FLUXNET and ILTER. The infrastructure activity TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatoria) aims the establishment of a network of terrestrial observatories, defined as a system consisting of the subsurface environment, the land surface including the biosphere, the lower atmosphere and the anthroposphere. Hydrological units will be used as the basic scaling units in a hierarchy of evolving scales and structures ranging from the local scale to the regional scale for multi-disciplinary process studies. Although terrestrial systems are extremely complex, the terrestrial component in most process-based climate and biosphere models is typically represented in a very conceptual and often rudimentary way. Remedying this deficiency is therefore one of the most important challenges in environmental and terrestrial research, and we suggest that terrestrial observatories could be an important step towards a new quality in environmental and terrestrial research. For the first phase three terrestrial observatories in Germany have been identified: the Lower Rhine Basin, the metropolitan area Leipzig-Halle, and the Northern pre-Alps including the long-term research stations Hoeglwald and Scheyern. The concept of TERENO is illustrated by the Lower Rhine Basin. A monitoring concept for the Rur catchment -the largest catchment in the observatory- will be described that is capable of measuring the spatial-temporal variability of the main hydrological processes and interactions as well as the varying residence times of the terrestrial water stores. More detailed measurements and characterisation of smaller, focal catchments will be embedded within progressively larger catchments, allowing the critical evaluation and development of hydrologic scaling strategies. Specific attention will be given to install novel wireless sensor technology and hydrogeophysical measurement techniques combined with remote sensing methods (e.g. precipitation radars and airborne remote sensing platforms). juelich.de/icg/icg-4/index.php?index=768

Priesack, E.; Bogena, H. R.; Haschberger, P.; Dietrich, P.; Schmid, H. P.; Schulz, K.; Vereecken, H.

2007-12-01

404

TERENO - A new Network of Terrestrial Observatories for Environmental Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change and land use changes are the most important factors of global environmental change which have to be managed by the society in the next years. Global changes in terrestrial systems take place on different spatial and temporal scales. In order to address the challenges of global change, interdisciplinary research in terrestrial environmental science is of great importance. Therefore, long-term operated „Global Change Observatories" for monitoring, analyzing and predicting changing state variables and fluxes within different environmental compartments are of special importance. Several environmental research networks have already been established in order to monitor, analyse and predict the impact of global change on different compartments and/or matter cycles of the environment. Typically these environmental research networks have focused on specific research questions, and compartments, such as CarboEurope, FLUXNET and ILTER The infrastructure activity TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatories), a research initiative of the Helmholtz Association, aims to establish a network of observation platforms linking terrestrial observatories in different sensitive and representative regions. The observed system consists of the subsurface environment, the land surface including the biosphere, the lower atmosphere and the anthroposphere. Hydrological units will be used as the basic scaling units in a hierarchy of evolving scales and structures ranging from the local scale to the regional scale for multi-disciplinary process studies. Terrestrial systems are extremely complex. Despite of this complexity, the terrestrial component in most process-based climate and biosphere models is typically represented in a very conceptual and often rudimentary way. Remedying this deficiency is therefore one of the most important challenges in environmental and terrestrial research, and we suggest that terrestrial observatories could be an important step towards a new quality in environmental and terrestrial research. For the first phase three terrestrial observatories in Germany have been identified: the Lower Rhine Basin, the metropolitan area Leipzig-Halle, and the Northern pre-Alps including the long-term research stations Hoeglwald and Scheyern. A fourth Observatory is planned in the German Lowland region. The concept of TERENO is illustrated by the Leipzig-Halle area. A monitoring concept for the Bode catchment - a mesoscale, lower mountain range catchment - will be described. The Bode river catchment is the central site for hydrological observation at the Leipzig-Halle TERENO study site. A integrated monitoring and research concept joining hydrological, atmospherical, biodiversity related, and soil physical research will be implemented during the next two years. This will lead to scale dependent intensive research activities on different spatial scales, allowing the development and evaluation of hydrologic scaling strategies. Hydrological monitoring will range from large scale satellite data to small scale catchment investigations on flow path, matter transport and transformation using advanced monitoring networks ranging from aerial photography and spectral analysis to non invasive geophysical investigations and sensor networks at the point scale (e.g. soil moisture).

Zacharias, S.; Bogena, H. R.; Kunstmann, H.; Priesack, E.; Haschberger, P.; Bens, O.; Dietrich, P.; Vereecken, H.; Papen, H.; Schmid, H. P.; Munch, J. C.; Hajnsek, I.

2009-04-01

405

EPA/OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY INTERNET (PUBLIC) SITE  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) is EPA's focal point for scientific research on the effects of contaminants and environmental stressors on human health and ecosystem integrity....

406

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter Research Focusing on the Past 25 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) celebrated its 50th anniversary on July 1, 2011. This article reviews its history, evolution, and transition of its research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr. During the 1990s, USARIEM published a series of…

Pandolf, Kent B.; Francesconi, Ralph; Sawka, Michael N.; Cymerman, Allen; Hoyt, Reed W.; Young, Andrew J.; Zambraski, Edward J.

2011-01-01

407

FRESHWATER FINDINGS, 1976-1978. RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY, DULUTH, MINNESOTA  

EPA Science Inventory

This bibliography, inclusive from 1976 through 1978 lists all publications authored by personnel of the Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. Some of the research findings were to determine how physical and chemical pollution affects aquatic life; to assess the effects of eco...

408

Research Paper: Handheld vs. Laptop Computers for Electronic Data Collection in Clinical Research: A Crossover Randomized Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo compare users' speed, number of entry errors and satisfaction in using two current devices for electronic data collection in clinical research: handheld and laptop computers.DesignThe authors performed a randomized cross-over trial using 160 different paper-based questionnaires and representing altogether 45,440 variables. Four data coders were instructed to record, according to a random predefined and equally balanced sequence, the content

Guy Haller; Dagmar M. Haller; Delphine S Courvoisier; Christian Lovis

2009-01-01

409

CIRES: Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) introduces its collaborative research and education program in the diverse field of earth system sciences. At this expansive website, students and educators can discover the Institute's numerous projects in the areas of climate system variability, geodynamics, planetary metabolism, and regional processes. CIRES discusses its five centers, which incorporate scientists with shared interests from within CIRES as well as from other departments at the University of Colorado and outside of the University. Students can learn about the graduate research fellowship program, the innovative research program, and other outreach initiatives. The website presents CIRES's latest news, research findings, and its seminar series about the relationship among policy, politics, and science in the White House.

2007-06-22

410

EPA priorities for biologic markers research in environmental health  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology allow for measurement of biologic events or substances that may provide markers of exposure, effect or susceptibility in humans. The application of these new and emerging techniques to environmental health offers the possibility of significantly reducing the uncertainties that traditionally hamper risk assessments. The EPA health research program places a high priority on the validation of appropriate biologic markers and their application to high priority Agency issues. The rationale for EPA's biomarker research program is presented and future research directions are discussed. Exposure biomarkers will receive most of the research emphasis in the near term, particularly body burden indicators of exposures to high priority chemicals, such as benzene, ozone, selected heavy metals, and organophosphate pesticides. Research on effects biomarkers will attempt to validate the relationship between the observed biological effects and adverse health consequences in humans, especially for cancer, pulmonary toxicity, neurotoxicity, and reproductive/developmental toxicity.

Fowle, J.R.; Sexton, K.

1992-01-01

411

Rice Research for Poverty Alleviation and Environmental Sustainability in Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through its new Strategic Plan, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is setting up a new, innovative, and exciting research agenda by targeting many of the UN's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This paper focuses specifically on two of the Plan's five goals, i.e., Reducing poverty through improved and diversified rice-based systems and Ensuring that rice production is sustainable and stable,

Robert S. Zeigler

412

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) OIL SHALE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper is an overview of EPA's oil shale research activities. In spite of substantial cutbacks in the program, several new projects should not only be of interest to developers and researchers but also support future regulatory and permitting decisions by the Agency. New activ...

413

78 FR 42928 - Draft Environmental Assessment for the Cotton Quality Research Station Land Transfer  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Draft Environmental Assessment for the Cotton Quality Research Station Land Transfer...Draft Environmental Assessment for the Cotton Quality Research Station Land Transfer...10 acres of land and facilities at the Cotton Quality Research Station (CQRS)...

2013-07-18

414

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY - AN ANNUAL REPORT OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2000  

EPA Science Inventory

This Annual Report showcases some of the research activities of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in various health and environmental effects research areas. The report is an indicator of the examples of progress and accomplishments that ...

415

AUTOMATED DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEM BOLSTERS EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) AIR POLLUTION RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of advanced microcomputer technology to the research laboratory has enhanced the way scientists design and perform experiments. Here at the Environmental Research Laboratory of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Corvallis, Oregon, we are researching the ...

416

The Economic and Social Research Council Green Paper on Data Policy and Data Archiving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic and Social Research Council in the UK (see the January 28, 2000 Scout Report for a recent reference) has posted a Green Paper that aims to solicit consultation on facilitating access to data, enhancing data and user support, funding data collection and surveys, and providing access to data sets over time through archive facilities in the UK. The Website lets users read the paper, respond to its open-ended questions, and complete a questionnaire. The Introduction to This Website and The Consultation Exercise section take visitors step-by-step through the process. The consultation exercise is being carried out for the ESRC by Professor Martin Boddy, Research Director at the School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol.

417

Internet administration of paper-and-pencil questionnaires used in couple research: assessing psychometric equivalence.  

PubMed

This study examined the psychometric equivalence of paper-and-pencil and Internet formats of key questionnaires used in couple research. Self-report questionnaires assessing interpersonal constructs (relationship satisfaction, communication/conflict management, partner support, emotional intimacy) and intrapersonal constructs (individual traits, psychological symptoms, contextual influences) were administered to young adults in committed dating relationships. The same measures were administered twice via paper-and-pencil and/or Internet methods over a 2-week period. Method order was counterbalanced among participants, and temporal stability was controlled. Intrapersonal and interpersonal measures generally remained reliable when administered online and demonstrated quantitative and qualitative equivalence across methods. The implications of online administration of questionnaires are discussed, and specific recommendations are made for researchers who wish to transition to online data collection. PMID:20881103

Brock, Rebecca L; Barry, Robin A; Lawrence, Erika; Dey, Jodi; Rolffs, Jaci

2010-09-29

418

The age of citizen science: Stimulating future environmental research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public awareness of the state of the ocean is growing with issues such as climate change, over-harvesting, marine pollution, coral bleaching, ocean acidification and sea level rise appearing regularly in popular media outlets. Society is also placing greater value on the range of ecosystem services the ocean provides. This increased consciousness of environmental change due to a combination of anthropogenic activities and impacts from climate change offers scientists the opportunity of engaging citizens in environmental research. The term citizen science refers to scientific research carried out by citizens and led by professionals, which involves large scale data collection whilst simultaneously engaging and educating those who participate. Most projects that engage citizen scientists have been specifically designed to provide an educational benefit to the volunteer and benefit the scientific inquiry by collecting extensive data sets over large geographical areas. Engaging the public in environmental science is not a new concept and successful projects (such as the Audobon Christmas Bird Count and Earthwatch) have been running for several decades resulting in hundreds of thousands of people conducting long-term field research in partnership with scientists based at universities worldwide. The realm of citizen science projects is continually expanding, with public engagement options ranging from science online; to backyard afternoon studies; to fully immersive experiential learning projects running for weeks at a time. Some organisations, such as Earthwatch also work in partnership with private industry; giving scientists access to more funding opportunities than those avenues traditionally available. These scientist -industry partnerships provide mutual benefits as the results of research projects in environments such as coastal ecosystems feed directly back into business risk strategies; for example mitigating shoreline erosion, storm surges, over fishing and warming water temperatures. Citizen science projects fulfill the requirements of government granting institutions for outreach and scientific communication. This presentation will highlight marine research projects, which have not only engaged citizens in the scientific process but also discuss the impacts of associated outreach, capacity building and community environmental stewardship.

Burgess, S. N.

2010-12-01

419

Internet vs. paper and pencil administration of questionnaires commonly used in panic\\/agoraphobia research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of Internet administered questionnaires used in panic research. Included were 494 people who had registered for an Internet-based treatment program for panic disorder (PD). Participants were randomly assigned to fill in the questionnaires either on the Internet or the paper-and-pencil versions, and then to fill in the same questionnaires

Per Carlbring; Sara Brunt; Susanne Bohman; David Austin; Jeffrey Richards; Lars-Göran Öst; Gerhard Andersson

2007-01-01

420

Environmentally friendly paper may increase risk of hand eczema in rosin-sensitive persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A connection between patch test reactions to paper extracts and contact allergy to rosin (colophony) has been demonstrated.Objective: We wanted to determine whether a difference in the allergenic activity of various types of paper is related to a difference in the pulp.Methods: Patients with dermatitis who were frequently exposed to paper were patch tested with extracts from various papers

Ann-Therese Karlberg; Elisabeth Gäfvert; Carola Lidén

1995-01-01

421

"Environmental hypertensionology" the effects of environmental factors on blood pressure in clinical practice and research.  

PubMed

Blood pressure (BP) is affected by many environmental factors including ambient temperature, altitude, latitude, noise, and air pollutants. Given their pervasiveness, it is plausible that such factors may also have an impact on hypertension prevalence and control rates. Health care providers should be aware that the environment can play a significant role in altering BP. Although not among the established modifiable risk factors (eg, obesity) for hypertension, reducing exposures when pertinent should be considered to prevent or control hypertension. The authors provide a concise review of the evidence linking diverse environmental factors with BP and suggest an approach for incorporating this knowledge into clinical practice. The authors propose using the term environmental hypertensionology to refer to the study of the effects of environmental factors on BP in clinical and research settings. PMID:22051429

Brook, Robert D; Weder, Alan B; Rajagopalan, Sanjay

2011-10-18

422

Priority targets for environmental research in the Sinos River basin.  

PubMed

The Sinos River Basin is often mentioned as a highly degraded watershed. A series of impacts on water quality, soil and air has been reported in this environment on a recurring basis over the years. This situation of environmental degradation has its origins in a process of huge economic development uncoupled from environmental conservation concerns. The intense consequent urbanization observed for the municipalities within the watershed was not preceded by urban planning proper zoning. The time has arrived for initiatives in scientific research in the Sinos River basin that are applicable to a more efficient and integrated management and recovery of the basin. In this article, a set of targets for research is suggested which the authors consider as the main priorities for the next few years, aiming for better knowledge and better management of the watershed. Some are still in course, while others have to be initiated as soon as possible. PMID:21225166

Spilki, F R; Tundisi, J G

2010-12-01

423

Bibliography of environmental research: ecosystems department, 1952--1975  

SciTech Connect

A bibliography of environmental research is presented which consists of items published between 1952 and mid-1975 by past and present staff members of the Ecosystems Dept., Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories. The material is arranged by alphabetical listing of author. Under each author, publications are listed chronologically by publication date in the categories of: journal articles, books, reports, and patents. No indexes are included. (LCL)

Vaughan, B E; Helbling, J. L.

1975-12-01

424

Pilot-scale incineration of ballistic missile liquid propellant components. Research paper  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) recently concluded agreements with the Ukraine and the Russian Federation under which the DoD is committed to providing both former Soviet Union (FSU) states with equipment and other aid for use in eliminating their strategic offensive arms in accordance with schedules negotiated in the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. One specific need consists of process equipment to treat or destroy pure ballistic missile liquid propellant components as well as vapor or purge media contaminated by these components. The propellant components are unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) fuel and nitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) oxidizer. Incineration is one possible treatment process. To supply data to demonstrate that incineration is a safe and effective treatment process, a series of tests was conducted at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s Incineration Research Facility.

Waterland, L.R.; Venkatesh, S.

1995-07-01

425

Abstracts of Suburban Press Research Series Papers Produced by the Suburban Press Research Center from July 1966 to February 1973. Suburban Press Research Series No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Abstracts of 13 research investigations, speeches, and bibliographic resources, collected by the Suburban Press Research Center, are provided in this paper. Topics of discussion include the following aspects of the suburban press: pretrial coverage, characteristics of communities served by suburban newspapers, science news coverage, the role of…

Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb. Suburban Press Research Center.

426

Interdisciplinary research center devoted to molecular environmental science opens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In October, a new research center opened at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom. The center is the product of over a decade of ground-breaking interdisciplinary research in the Earth and related biological and chemical sciences at the university The center also responds to the British governments policy of investing in research infrastructure at key universities.The Williamson Research Centre, the first of its kind in Britain and among the first worldwide, is devoted to the emerging field of molecular environmental science. This field also aims to bring about a revolution in understanding of our environment. Though it may be a less violent revolution than some, perhaps, its potential is high for developments that could affect us all.

Vaughan, David J.

427

Assessing the benefits of OHER (Office of Health and Environmental Research) research: Three case studies  

SciTech Connect

This research was undertaken to estimate the societal benefits and costs of selected past research performed for the Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). Three case studies of representative OHER and DOE research were performed. One of these, the acid rain case study, includes research conducted elsewhere in DOE. The other two cases were the OHER marine research program and the development of high-purity germanium that is used in radiation detectors. The acid rain case study looked at the research benefits and costs of furnace sorbent injection and duct injection, technologies that might reduce acid deposition precursors. Both appear to show benefits in excess of costs. We examined in detail one of the OHER marine research program's accomplishments - the increase in environmental information used by the Outer Continental Shelf leasing program to manage bidding for off-shore oil drilling. The results of an econometric model show that environmental information of the type supported by OHER is unequivocally linked to government and industry leasing decisions. The germanium case study indicated that the benefits of germanium radiation detectors were significant.

Nesse, R.J.; Callaway, J.M.; Englin, J.E.; Klan, M.S.; Nicholls, A.K.; Serot, D.E.

1987-09-01

428

Environmental Education in the School Systems of Latin America and the Caribbean. Working Papers 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the status and position of civic education and environmental education in the formal curricula of primary and secondary school systems in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The study consists of two parts: (1) a review of the literature related to each subject and its status in the school systems and the LAC…

Arias-La Forgia, Adalgisa

429

Environmental Profiles of Paper vs. Electronic UC-CEAS Annual Reports  

EPA Science Inventory

In 2010, the University of Cincinnati College of Engineering and Applied Sciences (UC-CEAS) created a new electronic format for the Annual Report that could be distributed through the collegeâ??s website to replace the prior print version. In order to determine the environmental co...

430

Developing an Environmental Scanning System in an Educational Organization: Lessons Learned. AIR 1990 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An environmental scanning system was developed by the admissions office of a graduate school of management in a small southeastern university. The school's strategic planning committee felt that it would be beneficial to acquire information concerning issues, trends, and possible events that might impact upon the school in the future and to…

Morrison, James L.; Ptaszynski, James G.

431

Developing an Environmental Scanning System in an Educational Organization: Lessons Learned. AIR 1990 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An environmental scanning system was developed by the admissions office of a graduate school of management in a small southeastern university. The school's strategic planning committee felt that it would be beneficial to acquire information concerning issues, trends, and possible events that might impact upon the school in the future and to…

Morrison, James L.; Ptaszynski, James G.

432

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the month involved the Dry Sorbent Injection (DST) test block with the Carbon Injection System. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit, the 0.4 MW Mini-Pilot Wet Scrubber, and the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. These units remain available for testing as future project work is identified. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments have required that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assess the health risks and environmental effects associated with air toxic emissions (primarily mercury) from fossil-fuel fired utility boilers. EPRI has sponsored research on environmental mercury since 1983 to determine the factors that may influence human health, and to determine the role of electric power generating stations in contributing to those factors. Over the last four years, EPRI`s Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) has conducted EPRI and DOE sponsored testing to develop and demonstrate appropriate measurement methods and control technologies for power plant atmospheric mercury emissions. Building upon the experience and expertise of the EPRI ECTC, a test program was initiated at the Center in July to further evaluate dry sorbent-based injection technologies upstream of a cold-side ESP for mercury control, and to determine the effects of such sorbents on ESP performance. The results from this program will be compared to the results from previous DOE/EPRI demonstrations, and to other ongoing programs. The primary objectives of this test program are to: (1) Determine the levels of mercury removal achievable by dry sorbent injection upstream of an electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The process parameters to be investigated include sorbent residence time, sorbent type, sorbent size, sorbent loading, and flue gas temperature. (2) Determine the impact of sorbent injection on ESP performance.

NONE

1997-07-01

433

Oil shale environmental research and coordination. Progress report, 1981-1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research program is two-fold: to conduct research on the environmental impacts of an oil shale industry and to develop strategies to mitigate these effects; and to assist the Department of Energy in the field coordination of the oil shale environmental research program. The environmental research program has focused primarily on a comprehensive study of the sources,

1982-01-01

434

Oil shale environmental research and coordination. Progress report, 1979-1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research program is two-fold: to conduct research on the environmental impacts of an oil shale industry and to develop strategies to mitigate these effects; and to assist the Department of Energy in the field coordination of the oil shale environmental research program. The environmental research program has focused primarily on a comprehensive study of the sources,

1982-01-01

435

Research in Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development in Germany: The State of the Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines the state of the art in German research on environmental education and education for sustainable development (ESD). Empirical German research on the importance of environmental education and ESD for schools is analysed in relation to three research fields. First, survey research describes the practice of environmental

Seybold, Hansjorg; Rieb, Werner

2006-01-01

436

Environmental effects research. Environmental Research Division annual report, January-December 1983. Part 3  

SciTech Connect

The Terrestrial Ecology group continued its involvement in the National Crop Loss Assessment Network, and studies of O/sub 3/ effects on winter wheat and soybeans were completed. Experiments on O/sub 3/ x SO/sub 2/ interactions on soybeans were also performed. The Microcosms for Acid Rain Studies (MARS) project had its first full year of research and much information concerning acid rain impacts on soil-plant systems was collected. A study of the influence of temporal variations in rain acidity on soybean productivity was also initiated. The aquatic radiochemistry group continued measurements of the mobility of plutonium and americium at a disposal site at Los Alamos and initiated similar work at Hanford. Laboratory tracer experiments were carried out to study the adsorptive behavior of neptunium, the solubility limits of plutonium, and the influence of rare earth concentration on the sorption and redox behavior of plutonium. The soil-plant process group initiated several studies on the influence of mycorrhizae to host plants in disturbed and natural environments. Much of the past research has been concerned with understanding mycorrhizal fungi propagule dynamics as related to disturbances associated with energy extraction. Future research will be directed at understanding how below-ground symbiotic associations may increase the fitness of host plants. Emphasis is being placed on resource acquisition and compartmental strategies. Separate analytics have been indexed for EDB.

Not Available

1984-12-01

437

Five Select Papers. Research Papers Selected from the Trade and Industrial Ecucation Research Committee's Carousel Presentations at the American Vocational Association Convention (Atlanta, Georgia, December 7, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation represents a jury selection of five papers, which were originally presented at the American Vocational Association Convention in Atlanta, Georgia, that were judged to make a timely contribution to the field of trade and industrial education. Included in the volume are the following papers: "A Status Assessment of Industrial Arts…

Hammer, Douglas; And Others

438

Current Issues in Environmental Education and Environmental Studies. Volume VIII. Selected Papers from the Annual Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education (11th, Silver Bay, New York, October 15-20, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in three major sections are selected papers presented at the 1982 Conference of the National Association for Environmental Education. The first part contains four invited addresses on environmental issues and two symposium papers related to the Global 2000 Report to the President. Topics of addresses focus on education/citizen…

Sacks, Arthur B.; And Others

439

A new environmentally benign technology for transforming wood pulp into paper. Engineering polyoxometalates as catalysts for multiple processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new environmentally benign technology, based on the use of polyoxometalate (POM) salts and oxygen, is being developed to bleach wood pulps for use in the manufacture of paper. Details of POM chemistry relating to the unit operations of an effluent-free bleaching process are reported. These include anaerobic delignification of wood pulp, aerobic reoxidation of reduced POMs for their cyclic

Ira A. Weinstock; Rajai H. Atalla; Richard S. Reiner; Mark A. Moen; Kenneth E. Hammel; Carl J. Houtman; Craig L. Hill; Mason K. Harrup

1997-01-01

440

Japan's Role in the Asian Environmental Crisis: Comparing the Critical Literature and the Environment Agency's White Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The late 1980s saw the development of two bodies of literature addressing Japan's relationship to the Asian environmental crisis.The Japanese government's statements were concerned primarily with the contributions Japan could make to solving that crisis, while critical scholars and NGOs focused on ways in which Japanese activity exacerbated it. Using the annual White Papers of the Japan Environment Agency as

Derek HALL

441

Stating the case for nursing research ethics committees: a discussion paper.  

PubMed

Progression of nurse education from apprentice to educational courses in response to demands for strengthening professional status has led to an increase of nursing research proposals at Level 3 and beyond. Accordingly, the demands on ethics committees in considering ethico-legal aspects of such proposals have also risen. Historically, this function has fallen to (medical) local research ethics committees. This paper considers one centre's response in creating a nurse-led research ethics committee to function in a symbiotic partnership with its medical counterparts. The authors consider arguments for and against such a committee, suggesting that nurse-led groups are generally more tolerant of the diversity revealed within nursing research proposals, including both quantitative and qualitative studies, than medical committees who are arguably steeped in the empirical tradition. The authors also consider the future viability of small ethics committees against the backdrop of national reorganization of nurse education. They contend that whilst organizational factors may encourage creation of regionally based multidisciplinary committees, the value of discrete local nurse-led ethics groups cannot be underestimated, and such groups should be retained. PMID:9592512

Mitchell, T; Fletcher, I

1998-02-01

442

Development of effluent guidelines and Environmental Protection Agency research and development program for edible oils industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the statutory basis for the establishment of effluent limitations guidelines and standards of performance\\u000a for this industry including remarks on water quality standards. The Environmental Protection Agency’s research, development,\\u000a and demonstration program is presented. The specific objectives, solution required, activities, and best available treatment,\\u000a zero discharge concept, and total elimination of discharges (elimination of multi-media pollution discharges)

William J. Lacy; George Keeler; George R. Webster

1975-01-01

443

The impact of environmental constraints on productivity improvement and energy efficiency in integrated paper and steel plants  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a methodology and results for assessing the impact of production and energy efficiency, environmental regulation, and abatement capital expenditure constraints (e.g. capital rationing) on the productivity of energy and pollution intensive sectors. Energy is treated like any other production input when examining evidence of inefficiency. We find that capital rationing and environmental regulations do contribute to productivity and energy efficiency losses, but do not explain all of the production and energy inefficiencies observed in the paper industry. A summary of the energy source of production inefficiency found in the paper industry, is presented.. Each source is derived as the incremental contribution., i.e. the first is constraints on capital, the second in environmental regulation not accounted for by the first, and the final component is production inefficiency that is not accounted for my any of the- environmental analysis. While the methods are very data intensive, they reveal much more that analysis of aggregate data, 1835 since the only plant level data can provide the estimates of inefficiency that this methodology employs.

Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; McClelland, J. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Economics

1996-12-31

444

Managing environmental enhancement plans for individual research projects at a national primate research center.  

PubMed

We describe a method for managing environmental enhancement plans for individual research projects at a national primate research center where most monkeys are assigned to active research projects. The Psychological Well-being Program (PWB) at the University of Washington National Primate Research Center developed an Environmental Enhancement Plan form (EEPL) that allows PWB to quantify and track changes in enrichment allowances over time while ensuring that each animal is provided with as much enrichment as possible without compromising research. Very few projects involve restrictions on toys or perches. Some projects have restrictions on food treats and foraging, primarily involving the provision of these enrichments by research staff instead of husbandry staff. Restrictions are not considered exemptions unless they entirely prohibit an element of the University of Washington Environmental Enhancement Plan (UW EE Plan). All exemptions must be formally reviewed and approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. Most exemptions from elements of the UW EE Plan involve social housing. Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of projects with no social contact restrictions increased by 1%, but those prohibiting any tactile social contact declined by 7%, and projects permitting tactile social contact during part of the study increased by 9%. The EEPL form has facilitated informing investigators about the enrichment their monkeys will receive if no restrictions or exemptions are requested and approved. The EEPL form also greatly enhances PWB's ability to coordinate the specific enrichment requirements of a project. PMID:18459714

Thom, Jinhee P; Crockett, Carolyn M

2008-05-01

445

Environmental Protection Agency's White Paper on 'Bacillus thuringiensis' Plant-Pesticide Resistance Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to analyze data generated in the 1996 growing season for current resistance management plans for Bacillus thuringiensis plant-pesticides for Bt potato, Bt corn and Bt cotton, identify technical modifications that might improve...

1998-01-01

446

Energy and environment annual report 1974. [Environmental Research programs  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Division's environmental science program includes air pollution, water pollution, and the effects of pollutants on man and natural ecosystems. Work has focused on the chemistry and physics of particle surfaces. Using the technique of electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), surface reactions of sulfur and nitrogen compounds have been studied, and results include the identification of new chemical forms of nitrogen on particle surfaces and evidence for the importance of particle surfaces in the catalysis of sulfur dioxide to sulfuric acid. The Division's work in water pollution has been devoted to the study of trace metals in the estuarine environment, especially in San Francisco Bay. Studies on the effect of dredging operations on trace metals in the Mare Island ship channel and on the distribution of cadmium in Bay sediments have been performed. Research has also been conducted on the distribution of trace elements between bound states on suspended particles and in solution in Bay waters. Research is being conducted on a variety of problems relating to effects of pollutants. Biological studies seeking to discover effects of specific environmental insults such as oxidants at the cellular level have been done, and epidemiological studies have been initiated on the impacts of trace metals on human health. Theoretical studies in an attempt to develop a basis for assessing the stability of ecological systems are also being undertaken.

Blumstein, C. (ed.)

1974-01-01

447

Environmental impact assessment of a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill--A case study  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for a mixed tropical hardwood integrated pulp and paper mill in Sabah, Malaysia, is presented. The EIA before the mill construction included, among other things, a detailed baseline study and also environmental impact predictions based on certain mill design and pollution abatement measures. Subsequent to mill construction (during the operational stage), data were gathered to determine the quality of the ambient air as well as the effluent and the receiving bay water quality. These post-construction monitoring results were then compared with the earlier impact predictions, and showed, in general, a good correspondence.

Mohamed, M. (Univ. Kebangsaan, (Malaysia)); Landner, L. (European Environmental Research Group, Stockholm (Sweden))

1993-11-01

448

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) HAZARDOUS WASTE ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY'S RESEARCH PROGRAM IN SUPPORT OF SUPERFUND  

EPA Science Inventory

In anticipation of the passage of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund), the Office of Research and Development of the USEPA began a program in 1980 to support the Agency's activities concerned with uncontrolled ha...

449

Environmental assessment of the Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center Facility  

SciTech Connect

This Environmental Assessment has been prepared to determine if the Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (the Center), or its alternatives would have significant environmental impacts that must be analyzed in an Environmental Impact Statement. DOE`s proposed action is to continue funding the Center. While DOE is not funding construction of the planned Center facility, operation of that facility is dependent upon continued funding. To implement the proposed action, the Center would initially construct a facility of approximately 2,300 square meters (25,000 square feet). The Phase 1 laboratory facilities and parking lot will occupy approximately 1.2 hectares (3 acres) of approximately 8.9 hectares (22 acres) of land which were donated to New Mexico State University (NMSU) for this purpose. The facility would contain laboratories to analyze chemical and radioactive materials typical of potential contaminants that could occur in the environment in the vicinity of the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site or other locations. The facility also would have bioassay facilities to measure radionuclide levels in the general population and in employees of the WIPP. Operation of the Center would meet the DOE requirement for independent monitoring and assessment of environmental impacts associated with the planned disposal of transuranic waste at the WIPP.

NONE

1995-10-01

450

Balanced Program Plan. Volume 8. Analysis for Biomedical and Environmental Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Balanced Program Planning (BPP) effort was initiated by the Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research (DBER) of ERDA to identify and develop a research plan for investigating the environmental impacts associated with energy technologies being ...

1976-01-01

451

Research Needs for Educational Uses of Information Technology, Occasional Paper, ITE/9/86, Edition 1 [and] Research in Progress, May 1986, Occasional Paper, ITE/10/86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two reports in this document identifies research topics relevant to the introduction of information technology (IT) into schools. A discussion of general issues in IT points out the need for detailed empirical evaluation for the implementation of IT; the need to overcome barriers to innovation; and the need to support and encourage…

Ridgway, Jim; Lewis, R.

452

EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) RESEARCH ON INDOOR AIR QUALITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses EPA's research program on indoor air quality. Now in its third year, it is a broad-based program that includes: field surveys of pollutant concentrations in homes, characterization of emissions from sources, health studies of genotoxic and irritant/neurobehavi...

453

Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), GIS and Mapping Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), a leading Geographic Information System (GIS) software developer and manufacturer, owner of ArcView and ArcInfo software. This site provides a portal to various ESRI support services, such as courses in GIS science, technology and software, examples of GIS maps, downloadable scripts and data, as well as links to standard commercial homepage fare such as ESRI employment opportunities and downloadable software updates. Some of the resources available through this portal may require ESRI software, which is not available as a downloadable file.

2008-10-06

454

EPA/OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY/REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY DIVISION INTERNET SITE  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Hhealth and Environmental Effect Research Laboratory's Reproductive Toxicology Division(RTD) brings together an unparalleled combination of expertise in teratogenesis and male and female reproductive toxicity to investigate the health effects of environmental contami...

455

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

PubMed Central

Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. Results A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?’s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. Conclusions For three of the four included questionnaires the participants’ scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

2012-01-01

456

Environmental management in fishery-based industries. Working papers in industrial planning  

SciTech Connect

The main objectives of this study are to present technical information and costs related to waste management in the seafood processing industry. Although there is a lack of published data on environmental management in the fish processing industry in developing countries, the focus is on seafood processors in developing countries drawing upon developed countries' experiences as relevant. Recovery and utilization of seafood wastes, both from wastewater and solid wastes, can be good policy for protecting the environment and for the seafood processing industry. Various options, such as production of fish meal, fish silage, and mince are explored. Fish silage, for example, is generally suggested as an option for waste utilization in small operations, whereas production of fish meal is more suitable for large plants.

Not Available

1991-06-19

457

Recognising Women in Environmental Education Pedagogy and Research: toward an ecofeminist poststructuralist perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, women have been overlooked in most environmental education programmes through being subsumed into the notion of ‘universalized people’. However, women have a distinctive contribution to make to environmental education pedagogy and research which needs to be foregrounded. This article reports on research into the gaps and silences present in policies, pedagogy and research in environmental education from

Annette Gough

1999-01-01

458

Obama address touches on research, energy, and environmental issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Barack Obama's State of the Union message, delivered on 24 January, touched on the need for basic research, energy production, support for clean energy, and environmental protection, but it included just one passing reference to climate change. In addition, the speech made no note of the Administration's recent denial of a controversial application for the Keystone XL pipeline to transport crude oil from Canada to the United States and made just an elliptical reference regarding the bankrupt Solyndra Corporation, which the administration had touted as a clean energy company. Innovation “demands basic research,” Obama said, adding that Congress should not “gut these investments in our budget.” Noting that one promise for innovation is American-made energy, Obama said he is directing the administration to “open more than 75% of our potential offshore oil and gas resources.”

Showstack, Randy

2012-02-01

459

Freshwater findings, 1979-1982: research publications of the Environmental Research Laboratory, Duluth, Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

This report contains citations of publications for the years 1979-1982 on research conducted or supported by the Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. All published material has been organized into two major categories: (1) Journal Articles, Book Chapters, Proceedings, etc., and (2) EPA Research Reports. The report is organized by year with all journal articles, book chapters, proceedings, etc., for a given year appearing before the EPA research reports for the same year; within each category publications are listed alphabetically by author. Authors of the publications listed include ERL-Duluth laboratory staff members and scientists at universities, in industry, and at other facilities who received research funding under the auspices of the Environmental Research Laboratory-Duluth. Limited quantities of reprints are available for those articles identified by ERL-Duluth reprint number in parentheses following the citation. These can be obtained by writing to: Librarian, ERL-Duluth, U.S. EPA, 6201 Congdon Boulevard, Duluth, MN 55804. EPA research reports can be obtained by writing to: National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22151. All other articles are not available from ERL-Duluth or NTIS, but can be found in most major libraries.

Highland, T.; Curtis, C.

1983-10-01

460

Using x-ray microprobes for environmental research.  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the fate of environmental contaminants is of fundamental importance in the development and evaluation of effective remediation strategies. Among the factors influencing the transport of these contaminants are the chemical speciation of the sample and the chemical and physical attributes of the surrounding medium. Characterization of the spatial distribution and chemical speciation at micron and submicron resolution is essential for studying the microscopic physical, geological, chemical, and biological interfaces that play a crucial role in determining contaminant fate and mobility. Hard X-ray spectroscopy and imaging are powerful techniques for the element-specific investigation of complex environmental samples at the needed micron and submicron resolution. An important advantage of these techniques results from the large penetration depth of hard X-rays in water. This minimizes the requirements for sample preparation and allows the detailed study of hydrated samples. This paper discusses some current problems in environmental science that can be addressed by using synchrotron-based X-ray imaging and spectroscopy. These concepts are illustrated by the results of recent X-ray microscopy studies at the Advanced Photon Source.

Cai, Z.; Jastrow, J.; Kemner, K. M.; Lai, B.; Lee, H.-R.; Legnini, D. G.; Miller, R. M.; Pratt, S. T.; Rodrigues, W.; Yun, W.

1998-07-30

461

Integrating terrestrial environmental research by establishing a network of observatories: A new instrument for hydrological research?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To address the challenges of global change, interdisciplinary and integrated research in terrestrial environmental science at multiple temporal and spatial scales is of great importance. Several environmental research networks have already been established in order to monitor, analyse and predict the impact of global change on different compartments and/or water and matter cycles of the environment. Typically these environmental research networks have focused on specific research questions and compartments, such as CarboEurope, FLUXNET and ILTER. At present other initiatives like ICOS, Lifewatch, NOHA, and ANAEE are emerging, each of them focussing on specific research questions. We argue that there is a need to establish a network of terrestrial observatories, defined as a system consisting of the subsurface environment, the land surface including the biosphere, the lower atmosphere as well as socioeconomic aspects in order to spur and move forward all fields of terrestrial research, and hydrological research in particular. Although terrestrial systems are extremely complex, the hydrological component in larger scale process-based climate and biosphere models is often represented in a very conceptual and often rudimentary way. Addressing this issue is therefore one of the most important challenges in hydrological research, and we suggest that terrestrial observatories could play an important role. The establishment of these observatories will create unprecedented data sets by integrating existing and new measurement technologies such as remote sensing platforms, hydrogeophysical measurement techniques and wireless sensor networks that will significantly improve our understanding of hydrological processes. We will illustrate this by the recent TERENO initiative aiming at establishing a network of terrestrial observatories in Germany.

Vereecken, H.; Bogena, H.; Huisman, J. A.; Puetz, T.; Vanderborght, J.

2009-04-01

462

Pacific Northwest Laboratory: Director`s overview of research performed for DOE Office of Health And Environmental Research  

SciTech Connect

A significant portion of the research undertaken at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is focused on the strategic programs of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER). These programs, which include Environmental Processes (Subsurface Science, Ecosystem Function and Response, and Atmospheric Chemistry), Global Change (Climate Change, Environmental Vulnerability, and Integrated Assessments), Biotechnology (Human Genome and Structural Biology), and Health (Health Effects and Medical Applications), have been established by OHER to support DOE business areas in science and technology and environmental quality. PNL uses a set of critical capabilities based on the Laboratory`s research facilities and the scientific and technological expertise of its staff to help OHER achieve its programmatic research goals. Integration of these capabilities across the Laboratory enables PNL to assemble multidisciplinary research teams that are highly effective in addressing the complex scientific and technical issues associated with OHER-sponsored research. PNL research efforts increasingly are focused on complex environmental and health problems that require multidisciplinary teams to address the multitude of time and spatial scales found in health and environmental research. PNL is currently engaged in research in the following areas for these OHER Divisions: Environmental Sciences -- atmospheric radiation monitoring, climate modeling, carbon cycle, atmospheric chemistry, ecological research, subsurface sciences, bioremediation, and environmental molecular sciences; Health Effects and Life Sciences -- cell/molecular biology, and biotechnology; Medical Applications and Biophysical Research -- analytical technology, and radiological and chemical physics. PNL`s contributions to OHER strategic research programs are described in this report.

NONE

1995-06-01

463

Reactions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) leading to the formation of nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) in non-thermal plasmas (NTPs). White paper for the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) (Compliance Project CP-1038: Development of non-thermal plasma reactor technology for control of atmospheric emissions)  

SciTech Connect

SERDP Compliance Project CP-1038 (Development of Non-Thermal Plasma Reactor Technology for Control of Atmospheric Emissions) has been commissioned to evaluate and develop non-thermal plasma (NTP) reactor technology, a form of low-temperature plasma chemical processing, for Department of Defense (DoD) applications. The primary emphasis is on the control of emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), with a secondary emphasis on hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emission control (primarily volatile organic compounds--VOCs). In this white paper, as a SERDP-requested deliverable, the authors will verify the NO{sub x} removal reactions in NTPs, especially those converging on nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) as a primary reaction product. The benefit of making HNO{sub 3} as a primary terminal de-NO{sub x} product is that it can be easily neutralized by relatively simple caustic (base) scrubbers--although the economics of scrubber systems needs to be compared with the conversion to particles that can be filtered or precipitated. Jet engines also emit a significant amount of SO{sub x} in their exhaust; NTPs also remove SO{sub x} and actually do it more effectively in combination with NO{sub x}. This will not be dealt with in this particular white paper.

Rosocha, L.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Miziolek, A.W.; Nusca, M.J. [Army Research Lab., Watertown, MA (United States); Chang, J.S. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Herron, J.T. [National Inst. for Standards and Technology (United States)

1998-08-17

464

First detection of lead in black paper from intraoral film: an environmental concern.  

PubMed

Lead (Pb) contamination in the black paper that recovers intraoral films (BKP) has been investigated. BKP samples were collected from the Radiology Clinics of the Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. For sake of comparison, four different methods were used. The results revealed the presence of high lead levels, well above the maximum limit allowed by the legislation. Pb contamination levels achieved after the following treatments: paper digestion in nitric acid, microwave treatment, DIN38414-54 method and TCLP method were 997 microg g(-1), 189 microg g(-1), 20.8 microg g(-1), and 54.0 microg g(-1), respectively. Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were employed for lead determination according to the protocols of the applied methods. Lead contamination in used BKP was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EDS). All the SEM imaging was carried out in the secondary electron mode (SE) and backscattered-electron mode (QBSD) following punctual X-ray fluorescence spectra. Soil contamination derived from this product revealed the urgent need of addressing this problem. These elevated Pb levels, show that a preliminary treatment of BKP is mandatory before it is disposed into the common trash. The high lead content of this material makes its direct dumping into the environment unwise. PMID:19525063

Guedes, Débora F C; Silva, Reginaldo S; da Veiga, Márcia A M S; Pecora, Jesus D

2009-05-19

465

Meeting of Experts on Shared Cataloguing in Research Libraries, Strasbourg, 6-8 June 1972; Three Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prior to the meeting of the Committee for Higher Education and Research of the Council of Europe, library experts met to discuss shared cataloging in research libraries. Working papers by three of the experts are presented in this volume. The paper by Ann...

A. Budach

1972-01-01

466

[Meeting of Experts on Shared Cataloguing in Research Libraries, Strasbourg, 6-8 June 1972; Three Papers].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the meeting of the Committee for Higher Education and Research of the Council of Europe, library experts met to discuss shared cataloging in research libraries. Working papers by three of the experts are presented in this volume. The paper by Anneliese Budach on "The Duetsche Bibliothek at Frankfurt am Main and Its Contributions to Shared…

Budach, Anneliese; And Others

467

The development of HIAPER, the new NSF\\/NCAR platform for advanced environmental research  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, work is now taking place to develop the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER). This new research aircraft is a Gulfstream V (GV) business jet that has been built and is undergoing modification to serve the environmental research needs of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and other

K. Laursen; R. Friesen; J. Huning

2003-01-01

468

A Research Agenda for Helminth Diseases of Humans: Social Ecology, Environmental Determinants, and Health Systems  

PubMed Central

In this paper, the Disease Reference Group on Helminth Infections (DRG4), established in 2009 by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), with the mandate to review helminthiases research and identify research priorities and gaps, focuses on the environmental, social, behavioural, and political determinants of human helminth infections and outlines a research and development agenda for the socioeconomic and health systems research required for the development of sustainable control programmes. Using Stockols' social-ecological approach, we describe the role of various social (poverty, policy, stigma, culture, and migration) and environmental determinants (the home environment, water resources development, and climate change) in the perpetuation of helminthic diseases, as well as their impact as contextual factors on health promotion interventions through both the regular and community-based health systems. We examine these interactions in regard to community participation, intersectoral collaboration, gender, and possibilities for upscaling helminthic disease control and elimination programmes within the context of integrated and interdisciplinary approaches. The research agenda summarises major gaps that need to be addressed.

Gazzinelli, Andrea; Correa-Oliveira, Rodrigo; Yang, Guo-Jing; Boatin, Boakye A.; Kloos, Helmut

2012-01-01

469

Discrete choice modeling of environmental security. Research report  

SciTech Connect

The presence of overpopulation or unsustainable population growth may place pressure on the food and water supplies of countries in sensitive areas of the world. Severe air or water pollution may place additional pressure on these resources. These pressures may generate both internal and international conflict in these areas as nations struggle to provide for their citizens. Such conflicts may result in United States intervention, either unilaterally, or through the United Nations. Therefore, it is in the interests of the United States to identify potential areas of conflict in order to properly train and allocate forces. The purpose of this research is to forecast the probability of conflict in a nation as a function of it s environmental conditions. Probit, logit and ordered probit models are employed to forecast the probability of a given level of conflict. Data from 95 countries are used to estimate the models. Probability forecasts are generated for these 95 nations. Out-of sample forecasts are generated for an additional 22 nations. These probabilities are then used to rank nations from highest probability of conflict to lowest. The results indicate that the dependence of a nation`s economy on agriculture, the rate of deforestation, and the population density are important variables in forecasting the probability and level of conflict. These results indicate that environmental variables do play a role in generating or exacerbating conflict. It is unclear that the United States military has any direct role in mitigating the environmental conditions that may generate conflict. A more important role for the military is to aid in data gathering to generate better forecasts so that the troops are adequntely prepared when conflicts arises.

Carson, K.S.

1998-10-01

470

‘Why not give us the full story?’: functions of referees’ comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer reviews of research articles submitted to journals are an occluded genre, that is, they are not publicly available documents which are part of the research record. When submitting their first scientific papers to international journals for publication, NNSE (non-native speaker of English) novice researchers face the challenging task of framing effective replies to referees’ criticisms, a complex process requiring

Hugh Gosden

2003-01-01

471

The Contribution of Latino Studies to Social Science Research on Immigration. JSRI Occasional Paper No. 36. Latino Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper offers a conceptual "map" of issues and approaches in immigration research and illustrates features of the map with the significant contributions of Latino Studies to immigration research. One axis of the map concerns the time line of various waves of immigration. Although research on immigrants and immigration processes was a…

Pedraza, Silvia

472

Allergic respiratory diseases and environmental pollution: experience in the printing/paper-manufacturing industry.  

PubMed

Several studies have shown a correlation between airborne pollutants and respiratory disorders. To determine whether professional exposure to industrial pollution might represent a risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases, we administered allergologic tests to 275 workers employed in a paper-making/printing factory and to a control population composed of 160 office workers from the same urban area. All subjects were evaluated on the basis of personal and family histories, the results of prick tests with common airborne allergens, specific serum IgE levels, pulmonary function test, and standard chest radiography. The percentage of subjects with allergies in the factory-worker group (67/275; 24.4%) was significantly higher than that observed among the office workers (20/160; 12.5%) (chi-square test: 8.17; P < 0.01). Of the 67 factory workers with allergies, 94% had histories of daily exposure to aliphatic hydrocarbons. The results of this study indicate that exposure to the latter type of industrial pollutants is associated with a significantly higher prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases. PMID:8947342

Papa, G; Quaratino, D; Di Fonso, M; Guiffreda, F; Romano, A; Venuti, A

1996-11-01

473

Lower Columbia River Terminal Fisheries Research Project : Final Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

This notice announces BPA`S`s decision to fund the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), and the Clatsop Economic Development Committee for the Lower Columbia River Terminal Fisheries Research Project (Project). The Project will continue the testing of various species/stocks, rearing regimes, and harvest options for terminal fisheries, as a means to increase lower river sport and commercial harvest of hatchery fish, while providing both greater protection of weaker wild stocks and increasing the return of upriver salmon runs to potential Zone 6 Treaty fisheries. The Project involves relocating hatchery smolts to new, additional pen locations in three bays/sloughs in the lower Columbia River along both the Oregon and Washington sides. The sites are Blind Slough and Tongue Point in Clatsop County, Oregon, and Grays Bay/Deep River, Wahkiakum County, Washington. The smolts will be acclimated for various lengths of time in the net pens and released from these sites. The Project will expand upon an existing terminal fisheries project in Youngs Bay, Oregon. The Project may be expanded to other sites in the future, depending on the results of this initial expansion. BPA`S has determined the project is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required, and BPA`S is issuing this FONSI.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1995-04-01

474

Scintillator-Layered Imaging Microscope for Environmental Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a detection mechanism to observe fluorescent light from a fluorescently-tagged biological sample as well as the electron from the beta decay of ^14C within the same sample while maintaining the position information of the interaction. This system will be used to study the carbon uptake of microorganisms from permafrost soil samples, which will help understand the output of CO and CH4 from thawing permafrost. Our system is called SLIMER, the Scintillator-Layered Imaging Microscope for Environmental Research. The microscope component of SLIMER is a fluorescence microscope already capable of detecting the fluorescent signal. We chose to use CsI(Tl), which, when vapor-deposited on a fiber-optic plate, grows with a microcolumnar structure. These columns channel the light produced within them, thus maintaining the position information of the beta decay. We will present our progress using this method of detection.

Kidd, M. F.; Elliott, S. R.; Onstott, T. C.; Myeni, S.; Stackhouse, B.; Pfiffner, S. M.; Vishnivetskaya, T.; Layton, A.; Whyte, L. G.; Mykytczuk, N.; Allan, J.; Wilhem, R. C.; Hettich, R.; Chourey, K.; Phelps, T. J.; Hatcher, P.

2012-03-01

475

Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute Site Environmental report, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute (ITRI) was constructed in 1960 with the initial purpose of studying human health hazards of inhaling airborne radioactive fission products; its scope was broadened to cover other airborne materials. ITRI has in place an extensive radiological and nonradiological environmental monitoring program which monitors air emissions, groundwater, soil and ambient air around the facility. ITRI is in compliance with air quality and hazardous waste regulations; however, sewage lagoons remain from previous operations. Remediation activities have been begun or are scheduled to begin on these lagoons and on low-level radioactive liquid waste evaporation ponds. Except for the issues mentioned, ITRI is in compliance with all other federal, state, and local regulations.

NONE

1995-05-01

476

Global atmospheric change and research needs in environmental health sciences  

SciTech Connect

On November 6-7, 1989, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) held a conference on Global Atmospheric Change and Human Health. As a result, and in the months since this conference, many important areas of research have been identified with regard to the impacts of climatic changes on human health. To develop comprehensive research programs that address important human health issues related to global warming, it is necessary to begin by recognizing that some of the health effects will be direct such as those due to temperature changes, and others will be indirect consequences of environmental alterations resulting in crop loss, changing disease vectors, population migration, etc. It should also be recognized that the conditions leading to global warming have importance to human health and the environment other than through increasing concentrations of CO[sub 2] in the atmosphere, rising surface temperatures, and rising sea levels. Much of the increase in CO[sub 2] in the atmosphere is due to the increased combustion of fossil fuels for transportation and electric power production. Over the next 30 years, the demand for electrical power is expected to grow at a rate of 2 to 4% per year in the United States alone, and even faster growth is likely for developing countries. Much of this energy will be derived from the combustion of fossil fuels, including coal, which result in pollutant emissions to the air such as metals, radioactivity, SO[sub x], NO[sub x], and particles. Therefore, with increasing concentrations of CO[sub 2] there will not only be the effects of global warming on health, but also increasing concentrations of many serious air pollutants in urban areas, including the precursors of acid rain and acid deposition over large regional areas.

Goldstein, B.D. (Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States)); Reed, D.J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

1991-12-01

477

Oil shale mining environmental research program overview. Final report, September 1978June 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the direction and progress of the Bureau of Mines Oil Shale Mining Environmental Research Program as of January 31, 1979. The report focuses on the Bureau's role in environmental research supporting oil shale development with respect to the activities of other involved Government agencies and private industry. Environmental considerations in oil shale extraction, such as ecological disturbances,

C. Ogasawara; G. F. Kuncir; D. A. Lewis

1979-01-01

478

Alaska Water and Environmental Research Center Annual Technical Report, FY 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Water and Environmental Research Center (WERC), in the Institute of Northern Engineering (INE) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks has three major objectives: graduate and undergraduate research education, quality research, and science and engineeri...

2006-01-01

479

78 FR 29121 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting is to review new start research and development projects requesting Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program funds...Studies and Toxicology, National Research Council, National Academy...Northwest a Synthetic National Biology Toolbox Laboratory, for...

2013-05-17

480

78 FR 47271 - Draft Environmental Assessment for the Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Subtropical Agricultural Research Center Land Transfer AGENCY: Agricultural Research Service...Subtropical Agricultural Research Center Land Transfer...Environmental Assessment (EA) for the proposed transfer of approximately 70 acres of land...

2013-08-05

481

Undergraduate Research Participation at the University of California, Berkeley. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.17.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the University of California, Berkeley has increased efforts to involve undergraduates in scientific research, little data exists regarding the number of undergraduate researchers. The University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (UCUES) presents an opportunity to investigate the extent of undergraduate research involvement at…

Berkes, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

482

Institutional Factors That Motivate Research Activity in Research Universities. A Progress Report. ASHE 1988 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the institutional factors at research universities that motivate faculty to pursue research grants and are correlated with significant movement up and down an index of overall research activity is reported. Two institutions within one state system, one with a positive and one with a negative change, are used. Surveys of faculty at…

Plucker, Frank E.

483

Global environmental security: Research and policy strategies for the 1990s  

SciTech Connect

The subject of global environmental change is emerging as one of the most hotly debated international issues for the 1990s. In fact, our earth system has undergone a nature-induced gradual change in climate on both a temporal scale that spans over millions of years and a spatial scale ranging from regional to transcontinental. Pollutant emissions associated with population growth and industrial activities manifest the anthropogenic climatic forcing that has been superimposed on the background of natural climate fluctuations. Our incomplete understanding of the global impacts of environmental pollution on the earth systems (atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and lithosphere), however, make the prediction of the timing, magnitude, and patterns of future global change uncertain. This paper examines the science and policy background of global environmental change. The major scientific uncertainties and policy issues confronting decision makers are identified; and the scientific framework, as well as current national and international research programs aimed at resolving the scientific uncertainties, are discussed. A coherent, stable, and flexible policy is needed to provide a foundation for coordinated international-interagency programs of observation, research, analysis, and international negotiation toward a policy consensus concerning global environmental security. On the basis of what is currently known about global change, recommendations are presented on both near-term and long-term policy option decisions.

Lazaro, M.A.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

484

A Vision for the Future of Environmental Research: Creating Environmental Intelligence Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature of the environmental issues facing our nation demands a capability that allows us to enhance economic vitality, maintain environmental quality, and limit threats to life and property through more fundamental understanding of the Earth. It is "advanced" knowledge of how the system may respond that gives environmental information most of its power and utility. This fact is evident in the demand for new forecasting products, involving air quality, energy demand, water quality and quantity, ultraviolet radiation, and human health indexes. As we demonstrate feasibility and benefit, society is likely to demand a growing number of new operational forecast products on prediction time scales of days to decades into the future. The driving forces that govern our environment are widely recognized, involving primarily weather and climate, patterns of land use and land cover, and resource use with its associated waste products. The importance of these driving forces has been demonstrated by a decade of research on greenhouse gas emissions, ozone depletion and deforestation, and through the birth of Earth System Science. But, there are also major challenges. We find the strongest intersection between human activity, environmental stresses, system interactions and human decision-making in regional analysis coupled to larger spatial scales. In addition, most regions are influenced by multiple-stresses. Multiple, cumulative, and interactive stresses are clearly the most difficult to understand and hence the most difficult to assess and to manage. Currently, we are incapable of addressing these issues in a truly integrated fashion at global scales. The lack of an ability to combine global and regional forcing and to assess the response of the system to multiple stresses at the spatial and temporal scales of interest to humans limits our ability to assess the impacts of specific human perturbations, to assess advantages and risks, and to enhance economic and societal well being in the context of global, national and regional stewardship. These societal needs lead to a vision that uses a regional framework as a stepping-stone to a comprehensive national or global capability. The development of a comprehensive regional framework depends on a new approach to environmental research - the creation of regional Environmental Intelligence Centers. A key objective is to bring a demanding level of discipline to "forecasting" in a broad arena of environmental issues. The regional vision described above is designed to address a broad range of current and future environmental issues by creating a capability based on integrating diverse observing systems, making data readily accessible, developing an increasingly comprehensive predictive capability at the spatial and temporal scales appropriate for examining societal issues, and creating a vigorous intersection with decision-makers. With demonstrated success over a few large-scale regions of the U.S., this strategy will very likely grow into a national capability that far exceeds current capabilities.

Barron, E. J.

2002-12-01

485

Research on Journalism as Work: Implications for Education. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Selected findings drawn from research studies on journalism and work are discussed. The social science research methodologies employed by Herbert J. Gans and Stephen Hess are described with attention to story selection and general reporters and beat reporters. Selected journalistic research in the fields of science, business, and education are…

Lowther, Malcolm A.

486

ICT in Initial Teacher Training: Research Review. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research review reports on articles presenting empirical research in the area of how teacher-training institutions work on preparing future teachers for the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) in their future classrooms. It was conducted mainly in English and French and covers research in 11 OECD-countries during…

Enochsson, Ann-Britt; Rizza, Caroline

2009-01-01

487

Knowledge into Action: The Use of Research in Taiwan's Family Planning Program. Paper No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on the effects that research on the Taiwan family planning program has had on social change, both in the intergration of research findings into national action programs and in the dissemination of these ideas to other Asian countries, this report discusses five individual case studies and presents a summary and analysis of the research

Cernada, George; Sun, T. H.

488

Recent research efforts in the area of biotechnology for fuels and chemicals: Poster session papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents research presented at the poster session of the Symposium covering a wide spectrum of current biotechnological research activities. Research focused mostly on ethanol production and methane generation from biomass material via microbial processing, as well as on enhanced hydrogen yield from algae. Several of the posters dealt with the pretreatment of cellulosic materials, and enzyme production\\/characterization, while

A. A. Antonopoulos; K. Grohmann

1992-01-01

489

New Directions in Journalism Research. A Selection of Papers from the Colloquium on Research in Journalism (Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, April 1985). Publications Series B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for those interested in scientific research in journalism, the papers in this volume focus on conditions of journalism, journalism and reality, and methodology. The papers discuss the following topics: (1) research on the contents of newspapers and the working conditions for editorial staff; (2) the meanings and functions of audience in…

Furhoff, Lars, Ed.; Hemanus, Pertti, Ed.

490

New Directions in Journalism Research. A Selection of Papers from the Colloquium on Research in Journalism (Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, April 1985). Publications Series B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for those interested in scientific research in journalism, the papers in this volume focus on conditions of journalism, journalism and reality, and methodology. The papers discuss the following topics: (1) research on the contents of newspapers and the working conditions for editorial staff; (2) the meanings and functions of audience in…

Furhoff, Lars, Ed.; Hemanus, Pertti, Ed.

491

Electric Power Research Institute: Environmental Control Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) test block was conducted using the Carbon Injection System (the 4.0 MW Spray Dryer Absorber and the Pulse-jet Fabric Filter). Testing also continued across the B&W/CHX Heat Exchanger this month as the effects of increased particulate loading are being studied. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. Testing in October at the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) included tests from the Pilot Trace Elements Removal (TER) test block as part of EPRI`s overall program to develop control technology options for reduction of trace element emissions. This experimental program investigates mercury removal and mercury speciation under different operating conditions. The 1996 program is being performed on the 4.0 MW wet FGD pilot unit and the spray dryer/pulse jet fabric filter (SDA/PJFF) pilot units. The 1996 Trace Elements Removal (TER) test block is a continuation of the 1995 TER test block and will focus on up to five research areas, depending on experimental results. These areas are: (1) Mercury speciation methods; (2) Effect of FGD system operating variables on mercury removal; (3) Novel methods for elemental mercury control; (4) Catalytic methods for converting elemental mercury to oxidized mercury; and (5) Electrostatic charging of particulate material in the FGD inlet flue gas stream. The work during October continued to focus on catalytic oxidation of elemental mercury. These tests included the evaluation of two different loadings of catalyst CT-9 (carbon-based material) over extended periods (8-10 days) and an evaluation of FAB-2B (bulk bituminous fly ash taken from the first hopper of the pilot ESP) for a four-day period. Three baseline tests were conducted for comparison with the catalyst tests.

NONE

1996-10-01

492

Ethnography: A Research Tool for Policymakers in the Drug and Alcohol Fields. Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains papers and workshop summaries from a two-day symposium for ethnographers and drug abuse policymakers. An introductory paper outlines the background and purpose of the symposium, followed by papers that provide a definition of ethnography, present a history of illicit drug ethnographies, and examine state problems and the…

Akins, Carl, Ed.; Beschner, George, Ed.

493

Modern Offices: A User Survey. National Building Studies Research Paper 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A record and assessment of the important environmental features of office buildings erected between 1948 and 1961 in the business center of London, England, has been assembled. This survey gives an overall picture of the main trends in office building and architecture and examines their consequences in terms of user satisfactions and complaints.…

Langdon, F. J.

494

Computer decision-making process for the elimination of noise from data. Environmental research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data acquired in many scientific and engineering activities are contaminated by noise or extraneous readings that are superimposed on base-line values. Automated data-analysis routines normally resort to some form of numerical averaging to suppress noise with the assumption that the smoothed values will closely approximate the base data. There are, however, circumstances where averaging may not produce acceptable results such

Berthel

1987-01-01

495

Effects of asymmetric magnetospheric currents on cosmic radiation. Environmental research papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to now, most studies were carried out assuming azimuthally symmetric currents, neglecting the well established longitudinal asymmetry in the geomagnetic disturbance at low- and mid-latitudes during magnetic storms. The asymmetric perturbations superposed upon a symmetric field depression has been attributed by several authors to a a longitudinally limited, partial ring current with field aligned closure through the auroral ionosphere

Flueckiger

1982-01-01

496

Research Paper The Physics, Biology, and Environmental Ethics of Making Mars Habitable  

Microsoft Academic Search

The considerable evidence that Mars once had a wetter, more clement, environment motivates the search for past or present life on that planet. This evidence also suggests the possibility of restoring habitable conditions on Mars. While the total amounts of the key molecules— carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen— needed for creating a biosphere on Mars are unknown, estimates suggest that

CHRISTOPHER P. MCKAY; MARGARITA M. MARINOVA

497

Analytic theory for trajectories and current to a cylinder in a flowing magnetoplasma. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional guiding-center theory for a body in a flowing magnetoplasma leads to the electric potential satisfying Laplace's equation outside of the body, one or two forbidden regions, and the inner part of the wake. It is applied to a conducting cylinder larger than the shuttle, of circular cross section, with radius much less than the length, aligned with the magnetic field, which is perpendicular to the flow vector. Ion and electron trajectories and current to the cylinder are calculated. The effects of collisions, waves, and turbulence are neglected, as is the charge in the forbidden regions and wake. Because of this, the potential and trajectories of the nonimpacting particles are symmetric in the ram and wake. Therefore, the theory results in no particles hitting the wake side and no ion focusing. The steady-state potentials result in -0.26 and -0.61 V for cylinder radii of 25 and 250 m, respectively. The result of calculating the charging-time constant due to capacitance is of the order of 1 ns, which is negligible compared to the transit time. Therefore, the charging time is determined by the transit time and current to a cylinder in a flowing magnetoplasma.

Dubs, C.W.; Heinemann

1985-11-22

498

The geomagnetic index q - its persistence, predictability, and other pertinent properties. Environmental research papers  

SciTech Connect

The persistence and predictability of the geomagnetic index Q are demonstrated. The other important properties of this index are described. The immediate use and widespread utility of the results are indicated.

Reilly, A.E.

1978-09-18

499

Technical Plan for the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report updates the reports dated January 1978. Objectives are: (1) To sharpen the focus on key Great Lakes environmental problems and key environmental processes; (2) To sharpen the focus of project objectives; (3) To initiate multidisciplinary resea...

E. J. Aubert

1979-01-01

500

Basic research on marine environmental geology of the Kyeonggi Bay.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Comprehensive study of marine environmental geology was carried out to obtain basic data for the environmental management of the Kyeonggi Bay. Distribution and textural properties of the surface sediments in the Kyeonggi Bay are closely related to the hyd...

Y. S. Park K. H. Chi H. K. Bahng

1995-01-01