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1

Toward Gender Equitable Outcomes in IT Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research-in-progress paper reports on a National Science Foundation funded project aimed at examining ways to engage women and girls in courses of study that will qualify and motivate them for information technology (IT)-related careers. This Information Technology Work Force (ITWF) award provides support to investigate 15 tertiary education programs in information systems, information science, instructional systems technology, and informatics,

Manju Ahuja; Susan Herring; Chris Ogan; Jean C. Robinson

2004-01-01

2

The Significance of the Interculturally Competent School Psychologist for Achieving Equitable Education Outcomes for Migrant Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines procedures and processes that result in the over-referral of migrant students to separate special education programmes and, as a consequence, their exclusion from general education. The particular focus is on the role of the school psychologist in this process. The empirical study is a comparison of Swiss teachers' and…

Lanfranchi, Andrea

2014-01-01

3

Goals for Sex Equitable Sexuality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an overview of issues related to sex equity in sexuality education. Goals which might represent sex equitable sexuality education include eliminating double standards, and redefining sexuality education. (IAH)

Whatley, Mariamne H.

1987-01-01

4

GENESIS OF THE PROJECT Across North America, issues regarding equitable educational experiences and outcomes are at the forefront of  

E-print Network

Pedagogy and Culturally Responsive Pedagogy. Its core belief connects pedagogical practice to high, and educational bodies, are calling on educators to explore their practice and the outcomes of schooling by asking/University of Toronto, we created a Framework for Culturally Responsive and Relevant Pedagogy (CRRP). This framework

Sun, Yu

5

Equitable Opportunities in Australian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most developed countries a majority of the citizens benefit from extensive educational opportunities, yet there is a growing number of people in these same countries who are educationally disadvantaged because of their sociocultural backgrounds. There are four stages of educational disadvantage including: (1) limited experiences in early…

Keeves, John P.

6

Paths to Success: Optimal and Equitable Health Outcomes for All  

PubMed Central

U.S. health disparities are real, pervasive, and persistent, despite dramatic improvements in civil rights and economic opportunity for racial and ethnic minority and lower socioeconomic groups in the United States. Change is possible, however. Disparities vary widely from one community to another, suggesting that they are not inevitable. Some communities even show paradoxically good outcomes and relative health equity despite significant social inequities. A few communities have even improved from high disparities to more equitable and optimal health outcomes. These positive-deviance communities show that disparities can be overcome and that health equity is achievable. Research must shift from defining the problem (including causes and risk factors) to testing effective interventions, informed by the natural experiments of what has worked in communities that are already moving toward health equity. At the local level, we need multi-dimensional interventions designed in partnership with communities and continuously improved by rapid-cycle surveillance feedback loops of community-level disparities metrics. Similarly coordinated strategies are needed at state and national levels to take success to scale. We propose ten specific steps to follow on a health equity path toward optimal and equitable health outcomes for all Americans. PMID:22643550

Rust, George; Levine, Robert S.; Fry-Johnson, Yvonne; Baltrus, Peter; Ye, Jiali; Mack, Dominic

2013-01-01

7

Save 100 babies©: engaging communities for just and equitable birth outcomes through photovoice and appreciative inquiry.  

PubMed

This paper presents a community engagement model designed to advance social justice and equity for African American birth outcomes through the combined techniques of Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry. In response to the persistent racial disparities in birth outcomes, Save 100 Babies© was constructed as a 2-day summit where the emphasis was placed on individual and community assets rather than deficits. The engagement was designed to create a level of readiness among individuals working within and outside the field of Maternal and Child Health to envision strategies to attain equitable birth outcomes. The goal of the conference was to facilitate higher level consciousness by guiding the participants though a process aimed at articulating assets, possibilities and the potential for co-creating the desired future where racial disparities in birth outcome are eliminated. As the result of the guided discourse that began with photographs of the lives of African American women, participants articulated the strengths they detected from the pictures, their recommendations for multifaceted changes in policies and practices, and their individual and organizational commitments for a changed future. Since the summit, participants have indicated ways they have fulfilled their vows that include informing families and communities about pregnancy risks, working with youth programs, supporting fatherhood involvement in pregnancy and birth, and advancing case management that is more attuned to women's strengths. Save 100 Babies© is evolving into a network and clearinghouse for sharing and disseminating information and resources for collaboration. PMID:24474593

Jackson, Fleda Mask; Saran, Ama R; Ricks, Sharon; Essien, Joyce; Klein, Kevin; Roberts, Darryl; Worthy, Natasha

2014-10-01

8

Borrowing from Business and Equitable Transformation in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, by focusing on the application of marketing principles from the business environment to the educational environment, illustrates how educational management theorists have taken a generally accepted conceptual framework to maximize consumer satisfaction and competitive advantage and created a conceptual quagmire. The use of principles…

Van Der Bijl, Andre

9

Equitable Access for Underrepresented Students in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial and ethnic disproportionality in gifted education is a persistent and perennial inequity in many school districts. This report describes the root causes of this disproportionality and discusses ways in which this issue can be addressed. Whereas most of the attention has been paid to assessment, specifically the use of nonverbal tests to…

Payne, Alexander

2011-01-01

10

A Great Balancing Act: Equitable Education for Girls and Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents recent research-based information about educationally relevant gender-related differences between girls and boys and how they are taught and perceived in society. The book offers practical suggestions on how to avoid trammeling either girls or boys, how to overcome negative aspects of gender-stereotyping, and how to maximize…

Chapman, Anne

11

Culturally Proficient Coaching: Supporting Educators to Create Equitable Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural classrooms require a multifaceted approach to creating inclusive, learning-rich environments that empower all students. To meet this growing need, "Culturally Proficient Coaching" provides educators with a simple, yet comprehensive, new framework: a powerful fusion of the field-tested and respected Cognitive Coaching and Cultural…

Lindsey, Delores B.; Martinez, Richard S.; Lindsey, Randall B.

2006-01-01

12

Equitable science education in urban middle schools: Do reform efforts make a difference?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A central commitment of current reforms in science education is that all students, regardless of culture, gender, race, and/ or socioeconomic status, are capable of understanding and doing science. The study Bridging the Gap: Equity in Systemic Reform assessed equity in systemic reform using a nested research design that drew on both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. As part of the study, case studies were conducted in two urban middle schools in large Ohio cities. The purpose of the case studies was to identify factors affecting equity in urban science education reform. Data were analyzed using Kahle's (1998) equity metric. That model allowed us to assess progress toward equity using a range of research-based indicators grouped into three categories critical for equitable education: access to, retention in, and achievement in quality science education. In addition, a fourth category was defined for systemic indicators of equity. Analyses indicated that the culture and climate of the case study schools differentially affected their progress toward equitable reform in science education.

Hewson, Peter W.; Butler Kahle, Jane; Scantlebury, Kathryn; Davies, Darleen

2001-12-01

13

Strategy for Promoting the Equitable Development of Basic Education in Underdeveloped Counties as Seen from Cili County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing statistical analysis, this study has made a preliminary exploration of promoting the equitable development of basic education in underdeveloped counties through the case study of Cili county. The unequally developed basic education in the county has been made clear, the reasons for the inequitable education have been analyzed, and,…

Shihua, Peng; Rihui, Tan

2009-01-01

14

Paths to Success: Optimal and Equitable Health Outcomes for AllGeorge Rust  

E-print Network

of Maternal-Child Health in the National Center for Primary Care at MSM. Dr. Peter baLtrus is a Research of Community Health/Preventive Medicine, and a Research Scholar of the National Center for Primary Care at MSM, public health, primary care, success, health outcomes, race. Dr. GeorGe rust is Professor of Family

Sibille, Etienne

15

Didacticism and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This note provides an analysis of the determinants of educational outcomes at age 16, and of subsequent pathways as school pupils transit toward the labour market. There is some evidence that examination results tend to be better where nondidactic teaching methods are used, but there is little evidence to suggest that teaching method has an…

Johnes, Geraint

2006-01-01

16

Assessing General Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In both purpose and practice, general education in American higher education has experienced several recurring debates and national revivals. In a world with constantly evolving technology, students need a strong general education to be flexible and adaptable to the changes of the world. General education is an important component and requirement…

Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks

2010-01-01

17

Barriers to Equitable Access: Higher Education Policy and Practice in Chile Since 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines higher education policy in Chile after the return to democracy in 1990 from an equity perspective. Chile faces the challenge of implementing equity-oriented policies within the legal confines of an education system constructed under the neoliberal model and introduced by the military government (1973-1990). This has resulted in…

Matear, Ann

2006-01-01

18

Sreyashi Jhumki Basu: Building a More Equitable World through Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. Sreyashi Jhumki Basu was a scholar committed to equity and social justice in science education who passed away in December 2008. In this essay, I describe Jhumki's research and the call to action her life's work has laid out for the science education community. In particular, I draw attention to the role of critical science agency in learning…

Barton, Angela Calabrese

2009-01-01

19

District Court Demands More State Investment ? All Our Children Deserve an Excellent, Equitable Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas educators and communities have long fought for educational equity. From the earliest major school finance cases, the pressing need for equity has been at the heart of school finance litigation. And the courts have affirmed through numerous cases that equity must be addressed. Recapture provisions in Texas? current school finance system are…

Montecel, Maria Robledo

2004-01-01

20

Equitable Science Education in Urban Middle Schools: Do Reform Efforts Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of case studies in two Ohio middle schools that employed a model known as the equity metric to identify factors affecting equity in urban science education reform. (Contains 33 references.) (DDR)

Hewson, Peter W.; Kahle, Jane Butler; Scantlebury, Kathryn; Davies, Darleen

2001-01-01

21

Role of School Counselors in Creating Equitable Educational Opportunities for Students with Disabilities in Urban Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will explore the school counselor's role of advocate, champion of social justice, social change agent, and urban school counselor to empower marginalized students, specifically those with disabilities, to increase achievement and educational opportunities and be successful.

Mitcham, Michelle; Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe; Dean, Asabi Afi

2009-01-01

22

When is the Efficient Subsidy to Higher Education the Equitable Subsidy?  

E-print Network

Despite some empirical evidence to the contrary, government subsidy to higher education is usually presumed to be inequitable because college-educated workers earn more than less educated workers. Using a simple model of educational choice with endogenous wages and two worker types, I obtain strong results concerning this conßict between efficiency and equity — namely that equity and efficiency do not conßict unless there are borrowing constraints. Preexisting distorting taxes or real externalities imply that the efficient subsidy is positive and that the efficient subsidy is also the subsidy which maximizes the net income of the unskilled. However, when tuition subsidies are used to overcome borrowing constraints, the efficient subsidy exceeds the subsidy which maximizes the net income of the unskilled. If borrowing constraints could be overcome with another policy, like student loans, efficiency and equity would not be in conßict. In a more complex model with a range of worker abilities there is no equity-efficiency trade-off only when the efficient subsidy is zero — that is, in the absence of real externalities, pre-existing taxes or borrowing constraints. The presence of any one of these three complications makes the efficient subsidy positive, while the subsidy that maximizes the net income of the unskilled is lower. In those cases, efficiency conßicts with equity.

William R. Johnson

2004-01-01

23

Funding Education Equitably: The "Comparability Provision" and the Move to Fair and Transparent School Budgeting Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on intradistrict funding inequities in many large school districts confirm what most would guess--high-poverty schools actually receive less money per pupil than more affluent schools. These funding inequities have real repercussions for the quality of education offered at high-poverty schools and a district's ability to overcome the…

Bireda, Saba

2011-01-01

24

Assessing Education Program Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education programs help teachers gain knowledge and skills, develop "new" attitudes, and impact their beliefs about teaching, thereby favorably affecting teaching outcomes. In the absence of national standards and formal studies in Lebanon of existing teacher preparation programs, findings of this study could greatly contribute to needed…

Bahous, Rima; Nabhani, Mona

2011-01-01

25

Ramadan, Fasting and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a difference-in-differences framework, we estimate the impact of Ramadan on educational outcomes of Muslim students living in a non-Muslim country. For identification we exploit that the number of Ramadan weeks during the course that we study, varies from year to year, ranging from zero to four. Our main finding is that Ramadan observance…

Oosterbeek, Hessel; van der Klaauw, Bas

2013-01-01

26

Outcome-Based Education: A Success Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sparta (Illinois) Board of Education's efforts to improve their district's educational delivery system by adopting an outcome-based approach involving specific instructional strategies, a uniform discipline program, and outcomes developed for each grade level. (MLH)

Brown, Alan S.

1988-01-01

27

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective, urban middle school in a large district that participated in several reform efforts. These reforms include both efforts focused on school-level change and efforts focused on change in science teaching and learning. Its program incorporates aspects of several school-level reforms---from the underlying Paideia philosophy, to structural characteristics of middle schools, to site-based decision-making, to its status as a magnet school, to its participation as a professional development school. Further, the participation of all science teachers in the intensive, standards-based professional development offered by Ohio's systemic reform of mathematics and science created a critical mass of reform-oriented teachers who supported one another as they incorporated reform-based practices into their teaching. The interplay of the reform efforts has manifested in a high level of science achievement in comparison to the school's district. Addressing the third component of O'Day and Smith's model for systemic reform, the need for school-level change to enable implementation of curriculum frameworks and aligned policies, this study illustrates two important points. First, the high-quality teacher professional development increased teachers' capacity to change their practices by enhancing their knowledge of and skills in implementing standards-based teaching practices. Second, because of the synchrony among the school-level reforms and between the school-level and science education reforms, the context of Webster provided a supportive environment in which lasting changes in science teaching and learning were implemented. Science education reform efforts were mediated by the school's context to create an environment in which the reform practices could be implemented and sustained. Using Kahle's (1998) Equity Metric, this study demonstrates that the synergy of the policies and practices of school-level and science education reforms can contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform.

Kelly, Mary Kathryn

28

AMEE Guide No. 14. Outcome-Based Education: Part 3--Assessment in Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of performance assessment in outcome-based education. Compares the relationship and interplay between the two related paradigms and presents guidelines of assessment programs in outcome-based education. (Author/CCM)

Ben-David, Miriam Friedman

1999-01-01

29

PROGRAM OUTCOMES AND EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Identify intended outcomes of the health education program.  

E-print Network

PROGRAM OUTCOMES AND EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Identify intended outcomes of the health education program. The intended student outcomes of the Department of Health Promotion are to train health promotion professionals to achieve competency in the seven responsibility areas for the entry level health educator (NCHEC

Ward, Karen

30

Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education 2013 Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

An initiative of the Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education (formerly the Center for the Advancement of Pharmaceutical Education) (CAPE), the CAPE Educational Outcomes are intended to be the target toward which the evolving pharmacy curriculum should be aimed. Their development was guided by an advisory panel composed of educators and practitioners nominated for participation by practitioner organizations. CAPE 2013 represents the fourth iteration of the Educational Outcomes, preceded by CAPE 1992, CAPE 1998 and CAPE 2004 respectively. The CAPE 2013 Educational Outcomes were released at the AACP July 2013 Annual meeting and have been revised to include 4 broad domains, 15 subdomains, and example learning objectives. PMID:24159203

Medina, Melissa S.; Stowe, Cindy D.; Robinson, Evan T.; DeLander, Gary; Beck, Diane E.; Melchert, Russell B.; Supernaw, Robert B.; Roche, Victoria F.; Gleason, Brenda L.; Strong, Mark N.; Bain, Amanda; Meyer, Gerald E.; Dong, Betty J.; Rochon, Jeffrey; Johnston, Patty

2013-01-01

31

Outcome Standards for Secondary Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which sought to establish outcome standards very important for secondary marketing education. Business people, former students, and marketing educators were asked to judge the standards identified from the literature in terms of importance to secondary marketing education. (CT)

Stone, James R., III

1985-01-01

32

Model Learner Outcomes for Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this document contains sets of statements adopted by either the Minnesota State Board of Education or the Minnesota State Legislature. They represent the hierarchy used by Department of Education staff as they develop model learner outcomes for each subject area. Contents include learner values, education system values, philosophy for…

Rogers, Cheryl, Ed.; And Others

33

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2013-07-01

34

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2014-07-01

35

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2010-07-01

36

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2012-07-01

37

34 CFR 200.64 - Factors for determining equitable participation of private school children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...equitable participation of private school children. 200.64 Section 200.64 Education...Agencies Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.64 Factors...equitable participation of private school children. (a) Equal expenditures....

2011-07-01

38

Equitable Systemic Reform in Science and Mathematics: Assessing Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes educational equity in science and mathematics and proposes a practical way to assess equity in systemic reform. Develops definitions of equity and equitable education. Contains 40 references. (DDR)

Kahle, Jane Butler

1998-01-01

39

Outcome-Based Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a summary of research on outcome-based education (OBE). The first section provides an overview of the evolution and history of OBE in the United States. Other outcome-based models are described in the second section. The third section reviews research on OBE and related concepts, including mastery learning, cooperative…

Kearney, James M.

40

RESEARCH BRiEf | April 2010 HigHer StandardS for all: implicationS of tHe common core for equit y in education | A pril 2010 1  

E-print Network

RESEARCH BRiEf | April 2010 HigHer StandardS for all: implicationS of tHe common core for equit y in education | A pril 2010 1 HigHer StandardS for all: ImplIcAtIons of the common core for equIty In educ tocivilrightsgoalsineducation. Thisresearchbriefreviewstheresearchand evidencethatinformstheCommonCoreState StandardsInitiative(CommonCore

Kammen, Daniel M.

41

Educational outcome of neonatal intensive care graduates.  

PubMed

Studies of developmental outcome of neonatal intensive care unit graduates have generally been limited to the first 2 to 3 years of life, with outcome determined by psychometric tests. This study followed neonatal intensive care unit graduates born 1975 through 1983 (n = 457) into the public school system and compared their educational outcomes with those of newborn nursery graduates (n = 656). Outcomes were evaluated by placement in four academic categories: regular classroom, academic problems, speech/language impairment, and major impairment. Educational outcomes for children of both groups were essentially the same. Their placement in the four academic categories were equally affected by nonmedical variables, primarily income (below/above poverty level), race, and sex. Seventy percent of poverty-level children were in one of the three problem categories, compared with 40% of children above poverty level. Neither neonatal intensive care unit treatment nor low birth weight were major predictors of educational outcome. The only clear-cut neonatal intensive care unit effect occurred among children born with sensory or physical impairments. Therefore, in order to reduce poor educational outcomes, follow-up and intervention programs should be targeted primarily to children with diagnosable handicaps and from minority, low-income families. PMID:1741207

Resnick, M B; Roth, J; Ariet, M; Carter, R L; Emerson, J C; Hendrickson, J M; Packer, A B; Larsen, J J; Wolking, W D; Lucas, M

1992-03-01

42

Student Outcomes. The Forum for Liberal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of approaches to student outcomes in higher education are described and an essay on the topic is included in this bulletin. In the essay, "The Campus as a Learning Environment," Douglas Heath suggests the significance of such projects for liberal education in the broadest sense. The following programs are discussed: Institutional Program…

Mohrman, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

43

State Special Education Outcomes, 2003: Marching On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the ninth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and 9 of the 11 federally funded entities (unique states). The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the new initiatives, trends,…

Thompson, Sandra; Thurlow, Martha

2004-01-01

44

Assessing Higher Education Learning Outcomes in Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazil has developed an encompassing system for quality assessment of higher education, the National System of Higher Education Evaluation (SINAES), which includes a test for assessing learning outcomes at the undergraduate level, the National Exam of Student Performance (ENADE). The present system has been running since 2004, and also serves as…

Pedrosa, Renato H. L.; Amaral, Eliana; Knobel, Marcelo

2013-01-01

45

Outcomes-Based Education and Educational Reform in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses outcomes-based education in South Africa, which has been only recently implemented to improve the quality of education and to address the demands for a skilled work force. Addresses the fundamental question: Will OBE improve the quality of education and transform schools in South Africa? (Contains 24 references.) (WFA)

Botha, R. J.

2002-01-01

46

Measuring Educational Outcomes: Vocational Education and Training. Conference Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vocational education and training (VET) sector has a long tradition of measuring and reporting outcomes. The public face of this is the "Annual National Report of the Australian Vocational Education and Training System" published (and tabled in the Commonwealth Parliament) since 1994. The reporting framework has undergone a number of changes…

Karmel, Tom

2009-01-01

47

Beyond Traditional Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transitional outcome-based education lies in the twilight zone between traditional subject matter curriculum structures and planning processes and the future-role priorities inherent in transformational OBE. Districts go through incorporation, integration, and redefinition stages in implementing transitional OBE. Transformational OBE's guiding…

Spady, William G.; Marshall, Kit J.

1991-01-01

48

Empowering Students through Outcome-Based Education (OBE)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been greater attention in recent times on the outcomes of the education system so that the return on investments in education could be evaluated. It is measured based on tangible performance indicators and intangible students' outcome known as outcome-based education (OBE). Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia has implemented an OBE system…

Kaliannan, Maniam; Chandran, Suseela Devi

2012-01-01

49

(Re)thinking Outcomes-Based Education: From Arborescent to Rhizomatic Conceptions of Outcomes (Based-Education)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year 2007 is the tenth anniversary of the launch of South Africa's outcomes-based education curriculum. Despite revisions that have occurred over the past ten years, the underlying approach to the national curriculum frameworks has remained outcomes-based education. Outcomes-based education has been the subject of fierce contestation in…

Le Grange, Lesley

2007-01-01

50

Modelling factors for predicting student learning outcomes in higher education  

E-print Network

time and attention has been spent understanding and theorizing aspects of learning in higher education1 Modelling factors for predicting student learning outcomes in higher education Linda Price factors for predicting student learning outcomes in higher education. In D. Gijbels, J. Richardson, & V

51

The evaluation of “outcomes” of accounting ethics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores five important issues relating to the evaluation of ethics education in accounting. The issues that are considered include: (a) reasons for evaluating accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 133–35); (b) goal setting as a prerequisite to evaluating the outcomes of accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 135–37); (c) possible broad levels of outcomes of accounting

Stephen E. Loeb

1991-01-01

52

Applying Outcome Measurements: A Guide to Educational Outcome Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministries, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with the application of outcome

Glaser, Ezra

53

Outcomes-Based Education: Some Insights from Complexity Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a new outcomes-based teacher-education curriculum being introduced in South Africa, noting its compatibility with complexity theory, which advocates self-organization, unpredictability, and randomness. While outcomes-based education is criticized for being behavioristic, for its prescriptiveness, for its rejection of modernism's…

Claassen, C.

1998-01-01

54

Australia's Adoption of Outcomes Based Education: A Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's adoption of outcomes based education (OBE), sometimes known as Essential Learnings or outcomes and standards based education, has been at the centre of a good deal of public scrutiny and debate. In Western Australia, during 2006, the planned introduction of OBE into years 11 and 12 led to a strident and vocal media campaign, in part,…

Donnelly, Kevin

2007-01-01

55

Strategies for gender-equitable HIV services in rural India  

PubMed Central

The emergence of HIV in rural India has the potential to heighten gender inequity in a context where women already suffer significant health disparities. Recent Indian health policies provide new opportunities to identify and implement gender-equitable rural HIV services. In this review, we adapt Mosley and Chen's conceptual framework of health to outline determinants for HIV health services utilization and outcomes. Examining the framework through a gender lens, we conduct a comprehensive literature review for gender-related gaps in HIV clinical services in rural India, focusing on patient access and outcomes, provider practices, and institutional partnerships. Contextualizing findings from rural India in the broader international literature, we describe potential strategies for gender-equitable HIV services in rural India, as responses to the following three questions: (1) What gender-specific patient needs should be addressed for gender-equitable HIV testing and care? (2) What do health care providers need to deliver HIV services with gender equity? (3) How should institutions enforce and sustain gender-equitable HIV services? Data at this early stage indicate substantial gender-related differences in HIV services in rural India, reflecting prevailing gender norms. Strategies including gender-specific HIV testing and care services would directly address current gender-specific patient needs. Rural care providers urgently need training in gender sensitivity and HIV-related communication and clinical skills. To enforce and sustain gender equity, multi-sectoral institutions must establish gender-equitable medical workplaces, interdisciplinary HIV services partnerships, and oversight methods, including analysis of gender-disaggregated data. A gender-equitable approach to rural India's rapidly evolving HIV services programmes could serve as a foundation for gender equity in the overall health care system. PMID:19244284

Sinha, Gita; Peters, David H; Bollinger, Robert C

2009-01-01

56

Learning and Equitable Access in the Western Cape, South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Silent exclusion, when children register and attend school but learn little, is a critical feature of educational access in South Africa. Several international studies (e.g. TIMMS, SACMEQ) have shown that despite high levels of investment, South African schools perform poorly in relation to other countries at similar levels of income. Equitable

Gilmour, David; Soudien, Crain

2009-01-01

57

Public University Entry in Ghana: Is It Equitable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public universities in Ghana are highly subsidised by the central government and account for about 80 per cent of university students in the country. Yet issues of fairness in terms of entry into the public university system have so far hardly been addressed. To find out whether participation in public university education is equitable, the…

Yusif, Hadrat; Yussof, Ishak; Osman, Zulkifly

2013-01-01

58

Outcome-Reporting Bias in Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome-reporting bias occurs when primary studies do not include information about all outcomes measured in a study. When studies omit findings on important measures, efforts to synthesize the research using systematic review techniques will be biased and interpretations of individual studies will be incomplete. Outcome-reporting bias has been…

Pigott, Therese D.; Valentine, Jeffrey C.; Polanin, Joshua R.; Williams, Ryan T.; Canada, Dericka D.

2013-01-01

59

Researching Teaching and Student Outcomes in Postsecondary Education  

E-print Network

of CACU affairs staff tments, prog tion represen s in Student A University Stu g and Studen ed by some oResearching Teaching and Student Outcomes in Postsecondary Education: A Guide Susan Elgie With., Lopes, V., Szala-Meneok, K., & Wiggers, R. D. (2012). Researching Teaching and Student Outcomes

Ellis, Randy

60

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Student Outcomes, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents information about the outcomes of students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) during 2011. The figures are derived from the Student Outcomes Survey, which is an annual survey that covers students who have an Australian address as their usual address and are awarded a qualification (graduates), or…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

61

School Choice and Educational Opportunity: Rationales, Outcomes and Racial Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the rationales for school choice, and the significance of choice mechanisms for racial disparities in educational opportunities and outcomes. It identifies tensions between liberty-based rationales and equality-based rationales, and surveys research findings on the outcomes of school choice policies, especially with regard to…

Ben-Porath, Sigal

2012-01-01

62

Preservice Teachers' Belief Systems toward Curricular Outcomes for Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was grounded in the belief systems and physical activity literature and investigated preservice teachers' belief systems toward curricular outcomes for physical education programs. Preservice teachers (N = 486; men = 62%, women = 38%) from 18 U.S. colleges/universities shared their beliefs about curricular outcomes. Preservice teachers…

Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; Brusseau, Timothy; Ferry, Matthew; Cothran, Donetta

2010-01-01

63

Understanding the Workforce Outcomes of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for educational programs to show their return on investment is exemplified in the intense debate surrounding gainful employment programs--defined as programs that lead to gainful employment in a recognized occupation and theoretically differ from programs that offer education in the liberal arts or prepare students for further education.…

Mullin, Christopher M.

2012-01-01

64

State Funding and the Equal Educational Opportunity of Language Minority Students: The Texas Public School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served  

E-print Network

students (X5), % special education students (X6,), % ELL students in specialized language programs (X7), % compensatory education students (X8,), % students enrolled in career and technology classes (X9,) and % gifted and talented students (X10); a..., according to TEA (2006). Percent English language learner (ELL) population. The percentage of students within a district being served by a specialized language program under Section 29 of the Texas Education Code, according to Texas Education Code...

Eason, Noelle Rogers

2012-02-14

65

The Higher Education Outcome Measures Identification Study. A Descriptive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to inform NCHEMS constituents and other interested persons about the results of the Higher Education Outcome Measures Identification Study (OMIS) conducted by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems at WICHE in spring 1974. The purpose of the study was to help practitioners and researchers gain a…

Micek, Sidney S.; Arney, William Ray

66

Research on the Outcomes of Elementary School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of objective assessments of the short- and long-term outcomes of elementary school physical education programs. Evaluations have used a variety of designs, including longitudinal and tracking studies as well as correlational analyses. The short-term effect of physical education on health and…

Shephard, Roy J.; Trudeau, Francois

2008-01-01

67

Investigating ESL Students' Performance on Outcomes Assessments in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes assessments are gaining great attention in higher education because of increased demand for accountability. These assessments are widely used by U.S. higher education institutions to measure students' college-level knowledge and skills, including students who speak English as a second language (ESL). For the past decade, the increasing…

Lakin, Joni M.; Elliott, Diane Cardenas; Liu, Ou Lydia

2012-01-01

68

Family, community, and educational outcomes in South Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we review research on the economics and sociology of education to assess the relationships between family\\u000a and community variables and children’s educational outcomes in South Asia. At the family level, we examine the variables of\\u000a family socioeconomic status (SES), parental education, family structure, and religion and caste. At the community level, we\\u000a assess the limited research on

Amita ChudgarM; M. Najeeb Shafiq

2010-01-01

69

The Pearl of Great Price: Achieving Equitable Access to Primary and Secondary Education and Enhancing Learning in Sri Lanka. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of public policy in Sri Lanka has had a profound impact on the thinking of the global development community in relation to the role of education in economic development. In particular, the example of Sri Lanka helped to persuade policy makers around the world that governments can successfully develop a general education system to…

Aturupane, Harsha

2009-01-01

70

Preservice teachers' belief systems toward curricular outcomes for physical education.  

PubMed

This study was grounded in the belief systems and physical activity literature and investigated preservice teachers' belief systems toward curricular outcomes for physical education programs. Preservice teachers (N = 486; men = 62%, women = 38%) from 18 U.S. colleges/universities shared their beliefs about curricular outcomes. Preservice teachers completed a previously validated belief systems instrument designed to measure the relative importance of four outcome goals for programs (physical activity/fitness, self-actualization, motor skill development, and social development). Internal consistency reliability for the instrument was .98. A confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit of the current sample to the hypothesized outcomes model. Multivariate analysis of variance results revealed a significant interaction in outcome preservice teachers' priorities for year in school by region. The teachers' views also differed on the important outcome goals for physical education. Two critical "tensions" are discussed: (a) the need to examine more fully the consistency of preservice teacher/teacher belief systems, and (b) implications for teacher education and professional development programming. It is important to heed prospective teachers' voices and address their belief systems in teacher education programs. PMID:20527304

Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; Brusseau, Timothy; Ferry, Matthew; Cothran, Donetta

2010-06-01

71

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a policy priority in many countries. A growing body of research recognises that it provides a wide range of benefits, including social and economic benefits, better child well-being and learning outcomes as a foundation for lifelong learning, more equitable outcomes and reduction of poverty, and…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

72

K-12 Educational Outcomes of Immigrant Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth López Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across segments of the immigrant population defined by generational status, race

Ruth N. López Turley; Robert Crosnoe

2011-01-01

73

Schools and Educational Outcomes: What Causes the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-American and Hispanic students often have lower test scores than white students at all levels of education. In this article, we examine whether school factors impact racial groups differentially, helping reduce the test score gaps, and whether school policies benefit one racial group at the expense of another. Copyright (c) 2003 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

Valentina A. Bali; R. Michael Alvarez

2003-01-01

74

K-12 Educational Outcomes of Immigrant Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary:The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth López Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across segments of the immigrant population defined by generational status, race

Ruth N. López Turley; Robert Crosnoe

2011-01-01

75

Priorities for optometric education: outcomes of the curriculum conference.  

PubMed

The Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO) and the American Optometric Association (AOA) jointly sponsored a national meeting in July 1992 for the primary purpose of developing a curriculum model for optometric education. The conference was the third in the "Summit in Optometric Education" series and attracted 138 national and international leaders representing organized optometry and academia. This paper discusses the conference framework and presents outcomes as determined by conferee summary reports, postconference surveys, and interviews. There is evidence that the conference produced several successful outcomes that could benefit future educational planners. The task of designing a curriculum with learning objectives, using the innovative outcomes-based education (OBE) approach, was achieved. The conferees identified the importance of refocusing optometry graduate programs to include a greater emphasis in the biological sciences in order to produce educators and researchers for the changing profession. In addition the workshops on alternate teaching strategies, including problem-based learning, raised awareness amongst educators and practitioners of nontraditional options for presenting an ever-expanding information base within the confines of a 4-year professional curriculum. PMID:7908731

Berman, M S

1994-02-01

76

Sex education attitudes and outcomes among North American women.  

PubMed

Attitudes and outcomes of sex education received by North American women are examined via an Internet survey (N = 1,400). Mean age was 19.5, with 24% reporting one or more unplanned pregnancies. Women were more satisfied with sex education from informal sources than from parents, schools, and physicians. Those receiving sex education from parents or schools reported fewer pregnancies and abortions. In school, women receiving a combination of contraceptive and abstinence education and those receiving primarily abstinence education were least likely to experience unplanned pregnancy. Religious identification was significantly related to unplanned pregnancy and type of sex education received from parents. These factors seem to play a significant role in reducing unplanned pregnancy and abortion. PMID:16689438

Williams, Monnica T; Bonner, Laura

2006-01-01

77

Teaching Teachers to Build Equitable Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether they are the outcome of global immigration trends, residential living patterns, or educational reform efforts such as detracking, heterogeneous classrooms pose considerable pedagogical challenges for educators. This article describes a systemic approach to restructuring the classroom with the goal of establishing and maintaining an…

Lotan, Rachel

2006-01-01

78

The Whole Picture: Florida's Educational Delivery System. A Longitudinal Study Comparing Outcomes by Educational Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study followed 10 Florida cohorts with different levels of education over a period of 3 years to determine outcomes of employment, continuing education status, level of public assistance, incarceration or probation status, and military assistance. Information for the study was derived from the Florida Education and Training Placement…

Lanham, Claudia; Whitfield, Duane L.

79

Outcomes Based Education? Rethinking the Provision of Compulsory Education in Western Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes based education (OBE), which emphasises a radical reinterpretation of the enterprise of education, is a phenomenon enveloping the Australian compulsory education sector. This paper examines the theoretical tenets of OBE as articulated by its chief exponent, William Spady. It then explores the effects that OBE implementation is having on…

Berlach, Richard G.; McNaught, Keith

2007-01-01

80

Engineering Graphics Educational Outcomes for the Global Engineer: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the formulation of educational outcomes for engineering graphics that span the global enterprise. Results of two repeated faculty surveys indicate that new computer graphics tools and techniques are now the preferred mode of engineering graphical communication. Specifically, 3-D computer modeling, assembly modeling, and model…

Barr, R. E.

2012-01-01

81

Migration, Remittances and Educational Outcomes: The Case of Haiti  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper empirically investigates how migration and the receipt of remittances affect educational outcomes in Haiti. Based on a theoretical approach it tries to disentangle the effects of both phenomena that have mostly been jointly modeled in previous literature. The results suggest that remittances play an important role for poor households in…

Bredl, Sebastian

2011-01-01

82

Outcome-Based Instructional Systems: Primer and Practice. Education Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outcome-Based Instructional Systems approach is a comprehensive design for teaching and learning and instructional management that has its roots in the mastery learning and competency-based education movements of the early 1970s and has been implemented in hundreds of schools and districts across the country. The first part of this brief…

Murphy, Carol, Ed.

83

Measuring Learning Outcomes in Higher Education: Motivation Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the pressing need for accountability in higher education, standardized outcomes assessments have been widely used to evaluate learning and inform policy. However, the critical question on how scores are influenced by students' motivation has been insufficiently addressed. Using random assignment, we administered a multiple-choice test and an…

Liu, Ou Lydia; Bridgeman, Brent; Adler, Rachel M.

2012-01-01

84

Researching “Black” Educational Experiences and Outcomes: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article delineates how race has been undertheorized in research on the educational experiences and outcomes of Blacks. The authors identify two dominant traditions by which researchers have invoked race (i.e., as culture and as a variable) and outline their conceptual limitations. They analyze how these traditions mask the heterogeneity of the Black experience, underanalyze institutionalized productions of race and

Carla O’Connor; Amanda Lewis; Jennifer Mueller

2007-01-01

85

Researching "Black" Educational Experiences and Outcomes: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article delineates how race has been undertheorized in research on the educational experiences and outcomes of Blacks. The authors identify two dominant traditions by which researchers have invoked race (i.e., as culture and as a variable) and outline their conceptual limitations. They analyze how these traditions mask the heterogeneity of…

O'Connor, Carla; Lewis, Amanda; Mueller, Jennifer

2007-01-01

86

One District's Journey to Success with Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite serving growing numbers of at-risk students, Pasco (Washington) School District has been transformed through outcome-based education into a district widely recognized for quality. Pascoe's OBE process demanded a school vision and mission statement; intensive teacher retraining; implementation of mastery learning, reality therapy, and…

Nyland, Larry

1991-01-01

87

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper tests the hypothesis that World Bank education projects have a higher likelihood of being successful if at the time of appraisal, they underwent good quality economic analysis. Analysis shows a strong relationship between the quality of cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis and the quality of project outcomes. Economic…

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

2003-01-01

88

Corruption and Educational Outcomes: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corruption is a problem that continues to plague developed and developing countries worldwide. Previous studies have explored the negative implications of corruption on several aspects of human development, but, despite its serious and long-lasting consequences, the impact of corruption on educational outcomes has started to receive attention only…

Huang, Francis Lim

2008-01-01

89

The Influence of Sexual Identity on Higher Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research empirically explores how sexual identity influences higher education outcomes for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) college students. A path model was constructed with structural equation modeling using responses from 1,125 non-heterosexual college students. The model includes four psychological variables (level of sexual…

Sorgen, Carl H., IV.

2011-01-01

90

Outcomes of a Genetics Education Program for Nursing Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summer institutes with follow-up continuing education sought to increase nursing faculty's knowledge and teaching of genetics. Outcome measures following four summer institutes (n=126) revealed significant improvements in genetics knowledge, increased genetics content in curricula, and development of new elective genetics courses. (Contains 22…

Prows, Cynthia A.; Hetteberg, Carol; Johnson, Nancy; Latta, Kathy; Lovell, Anne; Saal, Howard M.; Warren, Nancy Steinberg

2003-01-01

91

India's Educational Policy--Moving into the 21st Century: Education for Equality with Specific Reference to Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses gender discrimination with regard to educational opportunity and outcomes in India. Although official statements promoting equity indicate awareness of the imbalances in this area, solutions, it is argued, lie not only in propagating new equitable educational practices but in political decisions that take into account existing…

Ghosh, Ratna

92

K-12 educational outcomes of immigrant youth.  

PubMed

The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth López Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across segments of the immigrant population defined by generational status, race and ethnicity, and national origin. A good deal of evidence points to an immigrant advantage in multiple indicators of academic progress, meaning that many youths from immigrant families outperform their peers in school. This apparent advantage is often referred to as the immigrant paradox, in that it occurs despite higher-than-average rates of social and economic disadvantages in this population as a whole. The immigrant paradox, however, is more pronounced among the children of Asian and African immigrants than other groups, and it is stronger for boys than for girls. Furthermore, evidence for the paradox is far more consistent in secondary school than in elementary school. Indeed, school readiness appears to be one area of potential risk for children from immigrant families, especially those of Mexican origin. For many groups, including those from Latin America, any evidence of the immigrant paradox usually emerges after researchers control for family socioeconomic circumstances and youths' English language skills. For others, including those from Asian countries, it is at least partially explained by the tendency for more socioeconomically advantaged residents of those regions to leave their home country for the United States. Bilingualism and strong family ties help to explain immigrant advantages in schooling; school, community, and other contextual disadvantages may suppress these advantages or lead to immigrant risks. Crosnoe and Turley also discuss several policy efforts targeting young people from immigrant families, especially those of Latin American origin. One is the DREAM Act, proposed federal legislation to create a pathway to citizenship for undocumented youth who meet certain criteria. Another effort includes culturally grounded programs to support the college preparation of immigrant adolescents and the educational involvement of immigrant parents of young children. PMID:21465858

Crosnoe, Robert; Turley, Ruth N López

2011-01-01

93

Sustainable and equitable urban environments in Asia  

E-print Network

This study identifies some of the factors and conditions that can encourage the development of sustainable and equitable urban environments. It argues that cities will continue to grow and that it is not productive to view ...

Badshah, Akhtar

1993-01-01

94

Advocating for equitable science-learning opportunities for girls in an urban city youth club and the roadblocks faced by women science educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports on a study that examined the obstacles women science educators faced as they facilitated Explorers, an after-school science program for girls aged 6-12. The program aimed to provide girls with opportunities to legitimately participate in science activity. Explorers was one of several programs offered by the Foothills City Youth Club (FCYC) in a racially diverse urban center in the Southwestern United States. The youth club was meant to serve the needs of children and youth in that community. Through analysis of field notes, interviews, and documents, the social structures and forces that impeded the implementation of practices and the acquisition of capital are described. They include: (a) inadequate funding and community support, (b) conflicting beliefs between FCYC leaders and community leaders about the needs of boys and girls, and 3) inequitable decision-making structures of the community. Underlying beliefs, structures, and practices within the community weakened the FCYC in many ways, interrupted the leadership's attempts to meet their goals as they worked with the community's children, and brought to the surface issues of bias and oppression.

Davis, Kathleen S.

2002-02-01

95

Generating Outcome Measurements: Economic and Societal. A Guide to Educational Outcomes Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministires, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with generating outcome measurements:…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

96

Heart to Heart: Using Heart Rate Telemetry to Meet Physical Education Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a foundation for establishing measurable physical education outcomes, demonstrating how heart rate telemetry can help measure and achieve such outcomes. After explaining heart rate telemetry function, the article examines student and teacher outcomes that could be included in school physical education outcomes and achieved using heart…

Deal, Tami Benham; Deal, Laurence O.

1995-01-01

97

SCHOOL INPUTS AND EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES IN SOUTH AFRICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the relationship between educational inputs—primarily pupil- teacher ratios—and school outcomes in South Africa immediately before the end of apartheid government. Black households were severely limited in their residential choice under apartheid and attended schools for which funding decisions were made centrally, by White-controlled entities over which they had no control. The allocations resulted in marked disparities in average

ANNE CASE; ANGUS DEATON

98

Medical specialty boards can help measure graduate medical education outcomes.  

PubMed

U.S. graduate medical education (GME) training institutions are under increasing scrutiny to measure program outcomes as a demonstration of accountability for the sizeable funding they receive from the federal government. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a potential agent of measuring GME accountability but has no interaction with physicians after residency training is completed. American Board of Medical Specialty (ABMS) member boards interact with physicians throughout their careers through maintenance of certification (MOC) and are a potential source of valuable data on physician competency and quality of care, both of which could be used to measure GME accountability.The authors propose that ABMS boards and the ACGME deepen their existing relationship to better assess residency training outcomes. ABMS boards have a wealth of data on physicians collected as a by-product of MOC and business operations. Further, many ABMS boards collect practice demographics and scope-of-practice information through MOC enrollment surveys or recertification examination questionnaires. These data are potentially valuable in helping residencies know what their graduates are doing in practice. Part 4 of MOC generally involves assessment of the quality of care delivered in practice, and ABMS boards could share these deidentified data with the ACGME and residency programs to provide direct feedback on the practice outcomes of graduates.ABMS member boards and the ACGME should broaden their long-standing relationship to further develop shared roles and data-sharing mechanisms to better inform residencies and the public about GME training outcomes. PMID:24871232

Peterson, Lars E; Carek, Peter; Holmboe, Eric S; Puffer, James C; Warm, Eric J; Phillips, Robert L

2014-06-01

99

Educational outcomes necessary to enter pharmacy residency training.  

PubMed

It is the position of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) that formal postgraduate residency training, or equivalent experience, is required to enter direct patient care practice. Therefore, it is important to align professional degree educational outcomes with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to enter residency training. This position statement addresses the outcomes necessary in the professional degree program curriculum to ensure the ability of pharmacy graduates to transition effectively into postgraduate year one residency training. Five key outcome areas are identified: communication, direct patient care, professionalism, research, and practice management. The position statement examines how performance in each of the five outcome areas should be addressed by professional degree programs. The ACCP believes that for the student to achieve the clinical proficiency necessary to enter residency training, the professional degree program should emphasize, assess, and provide adequate opportunities for students to practice: communication with patients, caregivers, and members of the health care team in direct patient care environments; provision of direct patient care in a wide variety of practice settings, especially those involving patient-centered, team-based care; professionalism under the supervision and guidance of faculty and preceptors who model and teach the traits of a health care professional; application of principles of research that engender an appreciation for the role of research and scholarship in one's professional development; and application of practice management, including documentation of direct patient care activities that affect drug-related outcomes. PMID:24753155

Hester, Elizabeth Kelly; McBane, Sarah E; Bottorff, Michael B; Carnes, Tristan A; Dell, Kamila; Gonyeau, Michael J; Greco, Angelo J; McConnell, Karen J; Skaar, Debra J; Splinter, Michele Y; Trujillo, Toby C

2014-04-01

100

Linkages between Total Quality Management and the Outcomes-Based Approach in an Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Africa has embarked on a process of education renewal by adopting outcomes-based education (OBE). This paper focuses on the linkages between total quality management (TQM) and the outcomes-based approach in an education context. Quality assurance in academic programmes in higher education in South Africa is, in some instances, based on the…

de Jager, H. J.; Nieuwenhuis, F. J.

2005-01-01

101

Evaluating Outcomes and Impact of Nutrition Education Programs Designed for Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of a series of literature reviews on nutrition education for older adults, this article emphasizes the importance of measuring a variety of outcomes when evaluating education programs. Types of outcomes and impacts and difficulties in evaluating programs are discussed. Current findings regarding older adult nutrition education evaluation are presented. A table summarizes sixteen reports of older adult nutrition education

Mary Meck Higgins; Mary Clarke Barkley

2003-01-01

102

Equitable Partitioning Policies for Mobile Robotic Networks  

E-print Network

The most widely applied strategy for workload sharing is to equalize the workload assigned to each resource. In mobile multi-agent systems, this principle directly leads to equitable partitioning policies in which (i) the workspace is divided into subregions of equal measure, (ii) there is a bijective correspondence between agents and subregions, and (iii) each agent is responsible for service requests originating within its own subregion. In this paper, we design provably correct, spatially-distributed and adaptive policies that allow a team of agents to achieve a convex and equitable partition of a convex workspace, where each subregion has the same measure. We also consider the issue of achieving convex and equitable partitions where subregions have shapes similar to those of regular polygons. Our approach is related to the classic Lloyd algorithm, and exploits the unique features of power diagrams. We discuss possible applications to routing of vehicles in stochastic and dynamic environments. Simulation r...

Pavone, Marco; Frazzoli, Emilio; Bullo, Francesco

2009-01-01

103

Outcomes of a breastfeeding educational intervention for baccalaureate nursing students.  

PubMed

Educational institutions have the responsibility to provide students with knowledge and practical experiences of best practices and international standards of care. Worldwide, international standards for appropriate and effective breastfeeding promotion and services often have not been met. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an infant feeding educational intervention on student nurses' knowledge levels about (1) evidence-based breastfeeding promotion, (2) evidence-based beliefs about outcomes of breastfeeding and formula-feeding, (3) evidence-based attitudes toward breastfeeding and formula-feeding, and (4) intention to perform evidence-based breastfeeding promotion behaviors. A quasi-experimental intervention with a non-equivalent control group was conducted at a major university in Hong Kong. The intervention group (n=111) received 10h of didactic instruction and an 8-week perinatal clinical rotation while the control group (n=162) did not. The intervention group was significantly more likely to associate breastfeeding with positive maternal and child outcomes. Attitudes toward breastfeeding and formula-feeding were not significantly affected by the educational intervention. On the 19-item knowledge survey, the control group (M=6.84; SD=2.95) scored significantly lower than the intervention group (M=10.30; SD=2.51). A public health breastfeeding promotion strategy frequently overlooked is professional-level curricular interventions. Improving evidence-based practices in nursing programs has the potential to impact many breastfeeding families in the hospital and the community. PMID:17257711

Dodgson, Joan E; Tarrant, Marie

2007-11-01

104

Consequences of family disruption on children's educational outcomes in Norway.  

PubMed

Using high-quality data from Norwegian population registers, we examine the relationship between family disruption and children's educational outcomes. We distinguish between disruptions caused by parental divorce and paternal death and, using a simultaneous equation model, pay particular attention to selection bias in the effect of divorce. We also allow for the possibility that disruption may have different effects at different stages of a child's educational career. Our results suggest that selection on time-invariant maternal characteristics is important and works to overstate the effects of divorce on a child's chances of continuing in education. Nevertheless, the experience of marital breakdown during childhood is associated with lower levels of education, and the effect weakens with the child's age at disruption. The effects of divorce are most pronounced for the transitions during or just beyond the high school level. In models that do not allow for selection, children who experienced a father's death appear less disadvantaged than children whose parents divorced. After we control for selection, however differences in the educational qualifications of children from divorced and bereaved families narrow substantially and, at mean ages of divorce, are almost non-existent. PMID:19771944

Steele, Fiona; Sigle-Rushton, Wendy; Kravdal, Øystein

2009-08-01

105

Equitable regulation of private forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sustainability of forested ecosystems often requires cross-boundary management at large spatial scales. This can be challenging,\\u000a however, in landscapes where forests are primarily under small-scale, private ownership. Consequently, in many areas of the\\u000a world private forest practices are governmentally regulated to promote more consistent cross-boundary outcomes and better\\u000a protection of large-scale ecological integrity. In this qualitative, ‘grounded theory’ study,

Roje S. Gootee; Keith A. Blatner; David M. Baumgartner; Matthew S. Carroll; Edward P. Weber

106

Developing Relationships & Partnerships between Tribes and the State to Ensure Equitable Resources & Quality Education for Native American Students. State of New Mexico Tribal-State Indian Education Summit Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 300 tribal representatives and educators from across New Mexico met at Ohkay Owingeh on December 19, 2005, to discuss ways to improve education for American Indian students in New Mexico. The Summit was a collaborative effort by New Mexico's Office of Indian Affairs, Public Education Department, Higher Education Department, and tribal…

New Mexico Higher Education Department, 2005

2005-01-01

107

Creating Excellent and Equitable Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators Linda Darling-Hammond and Diane Friedlaender share findings from their recent report highlighting five California high schools that have beaten the odds in supporting the success of low-income students of color. Animo Inglewood Charter High School, Stanley E. Foster Construction Tech Academy, June Jordan School for Equity, Leadership…

Darling-Hammond, Linda; Friedlaender, Diane

2008-01-01

108

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Child § 222.34 Relationship resulting from equitable...A claimant will have the relationship of an equitably adopted...and (b) The natural parents or the person legally...

2011-04-01

109

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Child § 222.34 Relationship resulting from equitable...A claimant will have the relationship of an equitably adopted...and (b) The natural parents or the person legally...

2014-04-01

110

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Child § 222.34 Relationship resulting from equitable...A claimant will have the relationship of an equitably adopted...and (b) The natural parents or the person legally...

2013-04-01

111

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Child § 222.34 Relationship resulting from equitable...A claimant will have the relationship of an equitably adopted...and (b) The natural parents or the person legally...

2010-04-01

112

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Child § 222.34 Relationship resulting from equitable...A claimant will have the relationship of an equitably adopted...and (b) The natural parents or the person legally...

2012-04-01

113

Public university entry in Ghana: Is it equitable?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public universities in Ghana are highly subsidised by the central government and account for about 80 per cent of university students in the country. Yet issues of fairness in terms of entry into the public university system have so far hardly been addressed. To find out whether participation in public university education is equitable, the authors of this paper carried out a binary logistic regression analysis. Individual data were collected from 1,129 (614 male and 515 female) final year senior high school (SHS) students for the 2009 cohort. The authors measured student, father and mother characteristics likely to influence admission to a public university. The results show that the major predictors of public university entry are students' academic ability, quality of SHS attended and number of siblings. This seems to suggest that there is a significant bias in the selection of students from different socio-economic groups for admission to highly subsidised public universities. The implication is that public financing of university education in Ghana may not be equitable.

Yusif, Hadrat; Yussof, Ishak; Osman, Zulkifly

2013-06-01

114

Improving Education Outcomes in the Slovak Republic. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 578  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving education outcomes is vital for achieving convergence with GDP per capita levels in Western European countries and for reducing income inequality. While some education outcomes are favourable, such as the low secondary-school drop-out rate, others have room for improvement: education achievement is below the OECD average and strongly…

Carey, David

2007-01-01

115

Outcome Equity in Education. Fifteenth Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers from an Equity Study Group are compiled to give a real-world look at an evolving school system. The Equity Study Group was formed by the New York State Board of Regents to investigate how the allocation of resources contributes to the disparity in outcome for New York school children. The following papers are included: (1) "Educational

Berne, Robert, Ed.; Picus, Lawrence O., Ed.

116

Educational Opportunities in Washington's High Schools under State Education Reform: Background and Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses educational outcomes for Washington state's public high school students, describing national trends in high school reform. Information came from surveys and interviews with teachers, students, and parents and national and state data. Many reforms have been tried nationwide. Most Washington high schools had students in…

Harding, Edie

117

Nurse anesthesia education in the new millennium: outcomes of a federally funded advanced nursing education grant.  

PubMed

Graduate nursing education is evolving in response to multiple societal influences affecting higher education. Nurse anesthesia education has also been affected by these forces. This article describes the planning, implementation, and evaluation of a new graduate track in nurse anesthesia made possible by an academic partnership, and the positive impact that a federally funded grant had on the venture. The excellent academic outcomes, the changes in diversity of the student body, the innovative curriculum, and lessons learned from the project are described. PMID:16921802

Beitz, Janice M; Kost, Michael

2006-01-01

118

Seeing Culture and Power in Mathematical Learning: Toward a Model of Equitable Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is centered on creating equitable opportunities for learners in mathematics education. Through observations of teacher practice, the paper seeks to theorize how teachers enact their dispositions toward mathematics instruction. These observed propensities, in relation to teachers' aims for students to "take up their space" in and beyond…

Hand, Victoria

2012-01-01

119

School Practices for Equitable Discipline of African American Students. ERIC Digest Number 166.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools employ varied strategies to ensure equitable treatment of African American students and fair and educative disciplinary procedures. This digest reviews successful disciplinary practices. Cross-cultural competence has a role in student-school relationships. Many negative perceptions of difference exist in today's society. Schools can…

Schwartz, Wendy, Ed.

120

An Exploration of Equitable Science Teaching Practices for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for…

Morales, Marlene

2011-01-01

121

Improving health outcomes with better patient understanding and education  

PubMed Central

A central plank of health care reform is an expanded role for educated consumers interacting with responsive health care teams. However, for individuals to realize the benefits of health education also requires a high level of engagement. Population studies have documented a gap between expectations and the actual performance of behaviours related to participation in health care and prevention. Interventions to improve self-care have shown improvements in self-efficacy, patient satisfaction, coping skills, and perceptions of social support. Significant clinical benefits have been seen from trials of self-management or lifestyle interventions across conditions such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, heart failure and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the focus of many studies has been on short-term outcomes rather that long term effects. There is also some evidence that participation in patient education programs is not spread evenly across socio economic groups. This review considers three other issues that may be important in increasing the public health impact of patient education. The first is health literacy, which is the capacity to seek, understand and act on health information. Although health literacy involves an individual’s competencies, the health system has a primary responsibility in setting the parameters of the health interaction and the style, content and mode of information. Secondly, much patient education work has focused on factors such as attitudes and beliefs. That small changes in physical environments can have large effects on behavior and can be utilized in self-management and chronic disease research. Choice architecture involves reconfiguring the context or physical environment in a way that makes it more likely that people will choose certain behaviours. Thirdly, better means of evaluating the impact of programs on public health is needed. The Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework has been promoted as one such potential approach. PMID:22312219

Adams, Robert John

2010-01-01

122

Generating Outcome Measurements: Achievement and Attitudes. A Guide to Educational Outcome Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministries, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with how to obtain information on…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

123

The Effects of Neighborhood and School Context on Extracurricular Participation and Educational Outcomes.  

E-print Network

??Participation in the extracurriculum is fairly well established as having positive effects on educational outcomes, including grades, high school graduation, and postsecondary attainment. Furthermore, measures… (more)

Smith, Jason

2006-01-01

124

Measuring alternative learning outcomes: dispositions to study in higher education.  

PubMed

In this paper we describe the validation of two scales constructed to measure pre-university students' changing disposition (i) to enter Higher Education (HE) and (ii) to further study mathematically-demanding subjects. Items were selected drawing on interview data, and on a model of disposition as socially- as well as self- attributed. Rasch analyses showed that the two scales each produce robust one-dimensional measures on what we call a 'strength of commitment to enter HE' and 'disposition to study mathematically-demanding subjects further' respectively. However, the former scale was initially found to suffer psychometrically from a ceiling effect, which we 'corrected' by adding some harder items at a later data point, and revised the scale according to our interpretation of subsequent results. We finally discuss the potential significance of the constructed measures of learning outcomes, as variables in monitoring or even explaining students' progress into different subjects in HE. PMID:23816596

Pampaka, Maria; Williams, Julian; Hutcheson, Graeme; Black, Laura; Davis, Pauline; Hernandez-Martinez, Paul; Wake, Geoff

2013-01-01

125

Enhancing the Relevance and Value of Marketing Curriculum Outcomes to a Liberal Arts Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Could marketing coursework be part of the general education requirements for all college students? This article describes the ways in which the professional school marketing curriculum model (Schibrowsky, Peltier, & Boyt, 2002) can complement and enhance liberal arts education outcomes. First, the general relationship between liberal arts education and business education is reviewed. Second, the relevance of specific marketing curriculum

Ed Petkus

2007-01-01

126

Adult socioeconomic, educational, social, and psychological outcomes of childhood obesity: a national birth cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To assess adult socioeconomic, educational, social, and psychological outcomes of childhood obesity by using nationally representative data. Design 1970 British birth cohort. Participants 16 567 babies born in Great Britain 5-11 April 1970 and followed up at 5, 10, and 29-30 years. Main outcome measures Obesity at age 10 and 30 years. Self reported socioeconomic, educational, psychological, and social

Russell M Viner; Tim J Cole

2005-01-01

127

Labour's Record on Education: Policy, Spending and Outcomes 1997-2010  

E-print Network

Labour's Record on Education: Policy, Spending and Outcomes 1997-2010 Ruth Lupton and Polina Obolenskaya Working Paper 3 July 2013 #12;2 WP03 Labour's Record on Education: Policy, Spending and Outcomes and political changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty

Banaji,. Murad

128

The Outcomes and Impacts of Adult Literacy Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The outcomes and impacts of adult literacy education in the United States were examined through a qualitative assessment of the pertinent research conducted since the late 1960s. A comprehensive literature search identified approximately 115 outcomes and impacts studies. Of the 68 studies found to have an outcomes component, the 23 most credible…

Beder, Hal

129

Reliability and Validity of Outcome Expectancy-Related Measures in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of outcome likelihood, outcome value, and outcome expectancy using data collected from students in secondary school physical education classes. Dependent measures were examined for construct, concurrent, and predictive validity, as well as internal and temporal reliability. The…

Gao, Zan; Liu, Yuanlong; Lodewyk, Ken; Zhang, Tao; Kosma, Maria

2011-01-01

130

A Meta-Analysis of Educational Data Mining on Improvements in Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-synthesis study was conducted of 60 research studies on educational data mining (EDM) and their impacts on and outcomes for improving learning outcomes. After an overview, an examination of these outcomes is provided (Romero, Ventura, Espejo, & Hervas, 2008; Romero, "et al.", 2011). Then, a review of other EDM-related research…

AlShammari, Iqbal A.; Aldhafiri, Mohammed D.; Al-Shammari, Zaid

2013-01-01

131

A study of the educational outcomes of the teacher-in-industry program  

E-print Network

A STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES OF THE TEACHER-IN-INDUSTRY PROGRAM A Thesis by TERI FLYNN METCALF Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Educational Curriculum &, Instruction A STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES OF THE TEACHER-IN-INDUSTRY PROGRAM A Thesis by TERI FLYNN METCALF Approved as to style and content by: Robert (Chair of James mmittee...

Metcalf, Teri Flynn

2012-06-07

132

48 CFR 49.208 - Equitable adjustment after partial termination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...208 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TERMINATION OF CONTRACTS Additional Principles for Fixed-Price Contracts Terminated for Convenience 49.208 Equitable adjustment...

2010-10-01

133

48 CFR 243.205-71 - Requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 243.205-71 Requests for equitable adjustment. Use the clause at...

2010-10-01

134

Children's Educational Outcomes under Adverse Labor Market Conditions: Evidence from The West Bank and Gaza  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the relative impact of family background and living standards on the educational attainment of Palestinian children in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Applying an ordered probit model to micro-level data, the paper shows that parent's education and occupations exert decisive impact on the children's educational outcomes. While inter-household variations in standards of living are significant,

Sulayman Al-Qudsi; Asma Al-Qudsi

2003-01-01

135

Effects of Interactivity in Educational Games: A Mediating Role of Social Presence on Learning Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Networked interactivity is one of the essential factors that differentiate recent online educational games from traditional stand-alone CD-based games. Despite the growing popularity of online educational games, empirical studies about the effects of networked interactivity are relatively rare. The current study tests the effects of networked interactivity on game users' learning outcomes by comparing three groups (online educational quiz game

Kwan Min Lee; Eui Jun Jeong; Seoungho Ryu

2011-01-01

136

Model Learner Outcomes for Health Education. A Mission toward Healthy People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a structure within which teaching staff can improve students' learning experiences and predict specific learner outcomes in health education. The material is presented in four chapters followed by an appendix. Chapters 1-3 examine the system's values, learner values, philosophy of education, mission for public education and…

Wandberg, Robert; And Others

137

Longer-Term Outcomes for Individuals Completing Vocational Education and Training Qualifications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The longer-term employment and training outcomes of enrollment in vocational education and training (VET) were examined. The study analyzed data from the 1993 "Survey of Training and Education Experience" (STE) and the 1997 "Survey of Education and Training Experience" (SET) which were conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics to collect…

Ryan, Chris

138

EDITORIAL: The outcomes of an education in physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honorary Editor Readers should now be fully aware that both The Institute of Physics and the Association for Science Education (ASE) are encouraging members to think hard about what they would like to see in the revised National Curriculum for science. The story of curriculum development in science for the past ten years has been of grand national initiatives which have concentrated, in science at least, on the content of what is taught rather than on the ways in which it might be taught - or how it is learnt. The initiatives have been `top-down', with usually rather hurried `consultation' with no attempt to weigh the value of responses. For example, in deciding upon a common core for A-level physics the Institute of Biology was given as much weighting as the Institute of Physics. What students thought seemed to be irrelevant. But chickens come home to roost, horses led to water don't always drink, and it seems that compelling all children to study physics as part of a science course has not had the effect of making them fall in love with subject and opt to study more of it after age 16. Physics is a growing subject, in terms of what it now covers, as the increase in the number of journal titles over recent years shows. These show that it is also more and more a fragmented subject, and the practitioners of different fragments will have different views on what constitutes a foundation core for further studies. And, of course, fewer than 10% of students at one educational level choose to take the subject in the next. I conclude from this that what physics young people study between age 11 and age 16 doesn't matter as much as the writers of the National Curriculum supposed. We would like to get young people interested in physics (or better, interested by physics) and to develop positive feelings about physics and what physicists do, based on a feeling of success in studying the subject. Different students should be given opportunities to gain satisfaction in different ways; some via linking physics to everyday life, some via the way real people have developed and are developing the ideas and artefacts of physics and technology, some via the sheer pleasure of handling difficult ideas and mathematical models. And so on. It may be that we should start looking at the outcomes of a physics course less (or not only) in terms of the knowledge and understanding that examinations test but also in terms of what the students think and feel about the time they have spent at our disposal. I suggest that a successful physics course should have the following certifiable outcomes for all students (within reason!), who should be able to say, as a minimum: I enjoyed learning physics. I understood quite a lot of it. I can use my understanding of physics to make some sense of the way things are and how things work. I could learn more physics if I had to.... ... and I know how I can find things out by myself when I do need to learn something new. I guess that this might even apply to PhD students. Ken Dobson Honorary Editor

Dobson, Ken

1998-01-01

139

Creating Outcomes through Experiential Education: The Challenge of Confounding Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing interest in the field of experiential education to move beyond simply documenting the value of experiential education programs and, instead, develop more evidence-based models for experiential education practice (cf., Gass, 2005; Henderson, 2004). Due in part to the diversity of experiential education programs, participants,…

Ewert, Alan; Sibthorp, Jim

2009-01-01

140

The Case for Assessing Complex General Education Student Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment of general education has a long history, although relative to the age of liberal education and educational evaluation it is a very recent development. One of the first recorded efforts to comprehensively assess student achievement in higher education in the United States occurred in the late 1920s and early 1930s, when many institutions…

Penn, Jeremy D.

2011-01-01

141

Equitability, mutual information, and the maximal information coefficient  

PubMed Central

How should one quantify the strength of association between two random variables without bias for relationships of a specific form? Despite its conceptual simplicity, this notion of statistical “equitability” has yet to receive a definitive mathematical formalization. Here we argue that equitability is properly formalized by a self-consistency condition closely related to Data Processing Inequality. Mutual information, a fundamental quantity in information theory, is shown to satisfy this equitability criterion. These findings are at odds with the recent work of Reshef et al. [Reshef DN, et al. (2011) Science 334(6062):1518–1524], which proposed an alternative definition of equitability and introduced a new statistic, the “maximal information coefficient” (MIC), said to satisfy equitability in contradistinction to mutual information. These conclusions, however, were supported only with limited simulation evidence, not with mathematical arguments. Upon revisiting these claims, we prove that the mathematical definition of equitability proposed by Reshef et al. cannot be satisfied by any (nontrivial) dependence measure. We also identify artifacts in the reported simulation evidence. When these artifacts are removed, estimates of mutual information are found to be more equitable than estimates of MIC. Mutual information is also observed to have consistently higher statistical power than MIC. We conclude that estimating mutual information provides a natural (and often practical) way to equitably quantify statistical associations in large datasets. PMID:24550517

Kinney, Justin B.; Atwal, Gurinder S.

2014-01-01

142

TOWARD A CLEANER, MORE EQUITABLE WASTE TRANSFER SYSTEM IN MANHATTAN  

E-print Network

TOWARD A CLEANER, MORE EQUITABLE WASTE TRANSFER SYSTEM IN MANHATTAN Trash and the City EXECUTIVE SUMMARY #12;#12;Trash and the City TOWARD A CLEANER, MORE EQUITABLE WASTE TRANSFER SYSTEM IN MANHATTAN needs to reopen its waterfront, including in Man- hattan, for marine transfer stations and recycling

Columbia University

143

Equitability, mutual information, and the maximal information coefficient.  

PubMed

How should one quantify the strength of association between two random variables without bias for relationships of a specific form? Despite its conceptual simplicity, this notion of statistical "equitability" has yet to receive a definitive mathematical formalization. Here we argue that equitability is properly formalized by a self-consistency condition closely related to Data Processing Inequality. Mutual information, a fundamental quantity in information theory, is shown to satisfy this equitability criterion. These findings are at odds with the recent work of Reshef et al. [Reshef DN, et al. (2011) Science 334(6062):1518-1524], which proposed an alternative definition of equitability and introduced a new statistic, the "maximal information coefficient" (MIC), said to satisfy equitability in contradistinction to mutual information. These conclusions, however, were supported only with limited simulation evidence, not with mathematical arguments. Upon revisiting these claims, we prove that the mathematical definition of equitability proposed by Reshef et al. cannot be satisfied by any (nontrivial) dependence measure. We also identify artifacts in the reported simulation evidence. When these artifacts are removed, estimates of mutual information are found to be more equitable than estimates of MIC. Mutual information is also observed to have consistently higher statistical power than MIC. We conclude that estimating mutual information provides a natural (and often practical) way to equitably quantify statistical associations in large datasets. PMID:24550517

Kinney, Justin B; Atwal, Gurinder S

2014-03-01

144

How effective are poor schools? Poverty and educational outcomes in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given South Africa's divided past, it is imperative to improve educational outcomes to overcome labour market inequalities. Historically white and Indian schools still outperform black and coloured schools in examinations, and intraclass correlation coefficients (rho) reflect far greater between-school variance than for other countries.SACMEQ's rich data sets provide new possibilities for investigating relationships between educational outcomes, socio-economic status (SES), pupil

Servaas van der Berg

2008-01-01

145

Assets, Economic Opportunity and Toxic Stress: A Framework for Understanding Child and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large body of evidence indicates that socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of school achievement, college graduation and child outcomes in general. Better developmental and health outcomes are strongly associated with family assets, income and education. We introduce a model incorporating a range of theoretical and empirical…

Shanks, Trina R. Williams; Robinson, Christine

2013-01-01

146

Associations Between Educational Outcomes and Background Variables: A Review of Selected Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature is reviewed that addresses the association between background factors and educational outcomes. After completing the review, Westat, Inc. issued this report which synthesizes the literature into correlates of academic performance and outcomes other than academic achievement. The former considers such background variables as…

Bryant, Edward C.; And Others

147

Outcomes of a Behavioral Education Model for Children With Autism in a Mainstream School Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report 1-year outcomes for 11 children (3-7 years) with autism who attended an “Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) classroom” educational intervention in a mainstream school setting. The children learned new skills by the end of 1 year and learned additional skills during a 2nd year. Group analysis of standardized test outcomes (IQ and adaptive behavior) showed moderate to large

Corinna F. Grindle; Richard P. Hastings; Maria Saville; J. Carl Hughes; Kathleen Huxley; Hanna Kovshoff; Gemma M. Griffith; Elin Walker-Jones; Katherine Devonshire; Bob Remington

2012-01-01

148

Cooperative Education and Employment Outcomes for Post-Graduation Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined the post-graduation employment outcomes of business undergraduate college students who have participated in a cooperative education (co-op) program. The co-op students' post-graduate employment outcomes were compared to those of non-program (co-op) participants. This data was gathered from the Sam M. Walton College of…

Sprandel, Heather

2009-01-01

149

Youth Risk Factors and Educational Outcomes of Mentored and Non-Mentored Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As mentoring is receiving increasing attention as a method to improve youth educational outcomes, it is important to continue to examine the effects of mentoring on these youth outcomes. This study uses secondary data from Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and transcript data from the Adolescent…

Castellanos-Brown, Karen

2010-01-01

150

A Statistical Model for Misreported Binary Outcomes in Clustered RCTs of Education Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education randomized control trials (RCTs), the misreporting of student outcome data could lead to biased estimates of average treatment effects (ATEs) and their standard errors. This article discusses a statistical model that adjusts for misreported binary outcomes for two-level, school-based RCTs, where it is assumed that misreporting could…

Schochet, Peter Z.

2013-01-01

151

The Effects of Competition on Educational Outcomes: A Review of US Evidence. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper systematically reviews the cross-sectional research evidence on the effects of competition on educational outcomes. Competition is typically measured using either the Herfindahl Index or the enrollment rate at an alternative choice (for example, private school). Outcomes are separated into those relating to academic test scores,…

Belfield, Clive R.; Levin, Henry M.

152

Summary of Outcome Evaluation Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Training (PETC-1).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the technical report Outcome Evaluation Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Training (PETC-I) which presents the data collected about the three outcome studies of the PETC-I system. This information is primarily summative in nature and is designed to help those who may be considering the system as a…

George, Catherine; Green, David

153

Outcomes of a Behavioral Education Model for Children with Autism in a Mainstream School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors report 1-year outcomes for 11 children (3-7 years) with autism who attended an "Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) classroom" educational intervention in a mainstream school setting. The children learned new skills by the end of 1 year and learned additional skills during a 2nd year. Group analysis of standardized test outcomes (IQ and…

Grindle, Corinna F.; Hastings, Richard P.; Saville, Maria; Hughes, J. Carl; Huxley, Kathleen; Kovshoff, Hanna; Griffith, Gemma M.; Walker-Jones, Elin; Devonshire, Katherine; Remington, Bob

2012-01-01

154

The Impact of Physical Education on Student Outcomes: A Review of Research in Economics, Education, Kinesiology, and Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literature from a variety of fields indicates that Physical Education classes can have a positive impact on students? educational outcomes. Kinesiology and health related publications indicate that individuals who engage in regular, vigorous exercise reap myriad health benefits, including a decreased risk of contracting chronic diseases. The benefits of exercise are particularly noteworthy for school age children, many of whom

Alexander LaRose

2011-01-01

155

Education and Women's Labour Market Outcomes in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to determine association between level of female education and gender wage differentials in India finds that while gender-based wage discrimination exits, level of female education is not a significant factor. Finds return on investment rises with education level for both sexes. (Contains 37 references.) (PKP)

Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi; Unni, Jeemol

2001-01-01

156

Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa.  

PubMed

A recent systematic review of studies in the developing world has critically examined linkages from familial HIV/AIDS and associated factors such as poverty and child mental health to negative child educational outcomes. In line with several recommendations in the review, the current study modelled relationships between familial HIV/AIDS, poverty, child internalising problems, gender and four educational outcomes: non-enrolment at school, non-attendance, deficits in grade progression and concentration problems. Path analyses reveal no direct associations between familial HIV/AIDS and any of the educational outcomes. Instead, HIV/AIDS-orphanhood or caregiver HIV/AIDS-sickness impacted indirectly on educational outcomes via the poverty and internalising problems that they occasioned. This has implications for evidence-based policy inferences. For instance, by addressing such intervening variables generally, rather than by seeking to target families affected by HIV/AIDS, interventions could avoid exacerbating stigmatisation, while having a more direct and stronger impact on children's educational outcomes. This analytic approach also suggests that future research should seek to identify causal paths, and may include other intervening variables related to poverty (such as child housework and caring responsibilities) or to child mental health (such as stigma and abuse), that are linked to both familial HIV/AIDS and educational outcomes. PMID:23965029

Orkin, Mark; Boyes, Mark E; Cluver, Lucie D; Zhang, Yuning

2014-01-01

157

Quantifiable outcomes from corporate and higher education learning collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study investigated the existence of measurable learning outcomes that emerged out of the shared strengths of collaborating sponsors. The study identified quantifiable learning outcomes that confirm corporate, academic and learner participation in learning collaborations. Each of the three hypotheses and the synergy indicator quantitatively and qualitatively confirmed learning outcomes benefiting participants. The academic-indicator quantitatively confirmed that learning outcomes attract learners to the institution. The corporate-indicator confirmed that learning outcomes include knowledge exchange and enhanced workforce talents for careers in the energy-utility industry. The learner-indicator confirmed that learning outcomes provide professional development opportunities for employment. The synergy-indicator confirmed that best learning practices in learning collaborations emanate out of the sponsors' shared strengths, and that partnerships can be elevated to strategic alliances, going beyond response to the desires of sponsors to create learner-centered cultures. The synergy-indicator confirmed the value of organizational processes that elevate sponsors' interactions to sharing strength, to create a learner-centered culture. The study's series of qualitative questions confirmed prior success factors, while verifying the hypothesis results and providing insight not available from quantitative data. The direct benefactors of the study are the energy-utility learning-collaboration participants of the study, and corporation, academic institutions, and learners of the collaboration. The indirect benefactors are the stakeholders of future learning collaborations, through improved knowledge of the existence or absence of quantifiable learning outcomes.

Devine, Thomas G.

158

Young adult educational and vocational outcomes of children diagnosed with ADHD.  

PubMed

Decreased success at work and educational attainment by adulthood are of concern for children with ADHD given their widely documented academic difficulties; however there are few studies that have examined this empirically and even fewer that have studied predictors and individual variability of these outcomes. The current study compares young adults with and without a childhood diagnosis of ADHD on educational and occupational outcomes and the predictors of these outcomes. Participants were from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS), a prospective study with yearly data collection. Significant group differences were found for nearly all variables such that educational and occupational attainment was lower for adults with compared to adults without histories of childhood ADHD. Despite the mean difference, educational functioning was wide-ranging. High school academic achievement significantly predicted enrollment in post-high school education and academic and disciplinary problems mediated the relationship between childhood ADHD and post-high school education. Interestingly, ADHD diagnosis and disciplinary problems negatively predicted occupational status while enrollment in post-high school education was a positive predictor. Job loss was positively predicted by a higher rate of academic problems and diagnosis of ADHD. This study supports the need for interventions that target the child and adolescent predictors of later educational and occupational outcomes in addition to continuing treatment of ADHD in young adulthood targeting developmentally appropriate milestones, such as completing post-high school education and gaining and maintaining stable employment. PMID:22752720

Kuriyan, Aparajita B; Pelham, William E; Molina, Brooke S G; Waschbusch, Daniel A; Gnagy, Elizabeth M; Sibley, Margaret H; Babinski, Dara E; Walther, Christine; Cheong, Jeewon; Yu, Jihnhee; Kent, Kristine M

2013-01-01

159

Equitable Partnerships for Mutual Learning or Perpetuator of North-South Power Imbalances? Ireland-South Africa School Links  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how various components of a school-linking programme between Ireland and South Africa either support Development Education's goal of sustainable, equitable partnerships that enable mutual learning between Northern and Southern countries or, instead, promote power imbalances that reify stereotypic images of weak, needy…

Gallwey, Susan Kresky; Wilgus, Gay

2014-01-01

160

Open Enrollment: A Study in Revealed Preferences for Educational Outcomes in a Big City School System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines consumer education choices over variables affecting the quality and the costs of differing educational outcomes. For ten years, the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, has pursued a policy of open enrollment. Transfer figures for the 1974-75 school year at the city's 15 high schools are analyzed according to schoolwide racial data,…

Moody, James

161

Family Background, Forms of Capital, and Educational Outcomes of Children of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family background as a single entity, as distinguished from schooling in its effect, has been found to play a dominant role in children's educational outcomes on such indices as academic achievement, school persistence, and educational attainment. What are the mechanisms and/or processes through which family background creates and reproduces these…

Wang, Ling

162

Quality Early Childhood Education in Costa Rica? Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-quality early childhood education has been shown to improve school outcomes in several developing and developed nations. The history of policy around pre-school education in Costa Rica is described as background to presenting cross-sectional data on the emergent literacy skills of low-income Costa Rican children in kindergarten, 1st and 2nd…

San Francisco, Andrea Rolla; Arias, Melissa; Villers, Renata

2005-01-01

163

Outcome of Patients Attending a Specialist Educational and Mental Health Service for Social Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adolescents with anxiety-based school attendance problems enrolled in a specialist adolescent educational and mental health program that provides educational assistance and social skills development, and to suggest key elements that may account for its apparent effectiveness. Young people attending the Sulman Program in Sydney, Australia, between March 2003 and

Gerard Mcshane; Cheryl Bazzano; Garry Walter; Giles Barton

2007-01-01

164

2005 State Special Education Outcomes: Steps Forward in a Decade of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the tenth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and six of the eleven federally funded entities (unique states). The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the new initiatives, trends,…

Thompson, Sandra; Johnstone, Christopher; Thurlow, Martha; Altman, Jason

2005-01-01

165

Enhancing the Relevance and Value of Marketing Curriculum Outcomes to a Liberal Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Could marketing coursework be part of the general education requirements for all college students? This article describes the ways in which the professional school marketing curriculum model (Schibrowsky, Peltier, & Boyt, 2002) can complement and enhance liberal arts education outcomes. First, the general relationship between liberal arts…

Petkus, Ed, Jr.

2007-01-01

166

The Role of Non-Classroom Faculty in Student Learning Outcomes in Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have identified a number of learning experiences including faculty-student interaction which affect students' gains in learning outcomes in higher education. This study specifically focused on the relationship between out-of-class faculty-student contact and student learning gains in a language teacher education program. The study was…

Inozu, Julide

2011-01-01

167

Longitudinal Impact of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in First Grade on Educational Outcomes in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the longitudinal effects of 2 first-grade universal preventive interventions on academic outcomes (e.g., achievement, special education service use, graduation, postsecondary education) through age 19 in a sample of 678 urban, primarily African American children. The classroom-centered intervention combined the Good Behavior…

Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Zmuda, Jessika H.; Kellam, Sheppard G.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2009-01-01

168

Harmonisation of the Educational Concept "Learning Outcome" in the Lithuanian Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, an example of translation of the English term "learning outcome" into the Lithuanian system of educational terms is used to discuss semantic peculiarities of translating professional terms. Consistency of a concept signifier and content of a concept, as well as their tune with already existing systems of educational terms are…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Smetona, Antanas

2011-01-01

169

Motivational Climates, Achievement Goals, and Physical Education Outcomes: A Longitudinal Test of Achievement Goal Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research tested the longitudinal relations over a school-year between motivational climates, achievement goals, and five physical education outcomes, namely intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, positive attitude, exertion, and attendance in physical education. The results showed that students' mastery goals measured early in the…

Halvari, Hallgeir; Skjesol, Knut; Bagoien, Tor Egil

2011-01-01

170

Relationship of preschool special education outcomes to instructional practices and parent–child interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental outcomes attained by children receiving preschool special education services in relationship to both the general instructional approach used by their teachers and their parents’ style of interaction were examined. The sample included 70 children from 41 Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) classrooms. The type of instructional model children received was determined by dividing the sample into three clusters based

Gerald Mahoney; C. Abigail Wheeden; Frida Perales

2004-01-01

171

Outcomes-Based Education in the English Second Language Classroom in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The re-birth of South Africa in 1994 has brought the implementation of effective educational policies. Simultaneously, the Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) approach has been introduced to advance the teaching and learning of the Learning areas in schools in South Africa. This article focuses on the learning of English as a Second Language (ESL) in…

Schlebusch, Gawie; Thobedi, Motsamai

2004-01-01

172

Improving Educational Outcomes for Youth in Care. Symposium Summary Report (Washington, DC, February 8, 2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that the child welfare, education, and judicial systems are uniquely positioned to support the improvement of educational outcomes for youth in out-of-home care, the Child Welfare League of America and the National Council for Juvenile and Family Court Judges convened a symposium in 2002 to initiate a dialogue among the child welfare,…

Yu, Elisabeth; Day, Pamela; Williams, Millicent

173

The Impact of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Educational Outcomes. NBER Working Paper No. 14671  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of public health insurance expansions through both Medicaid and SCHIP on children's educational outcomes, measured by 4th and 8th grade reading and math test scores, available from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). We use a triple difference estimation strategy, taking advantage of the…

Levine, Phillip B.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore

2009-01-01

174

Improving Educational Aspirations and Outcomes through Community Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how a community action research approach supported the implementation of an educational support programme for children, parents and local educators. The aim was the creation of a learning community that acknowledged, valued and used the expertise and experience of all involved. The action reflection cycle informed the…

Bleach, Josephine

2013-01-01

175

Impact of Physician Asthma Care Education on Patient Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: We evaluated the effectiveness of a continuing medical education program, Physician Asthma Care Education, in improving pediatricians' asthma therapeutic and communication skills and patients' health care utilization for asthma. Methods: We conducted a randomized trial in 10 regions in the United States. Primary care providers…

Cabana, Michael D.; Slish, Kathryn K.; Evans, David; Mellins, Robert B.; Brown, Randall W.; Lin, Xihong; Kaciroti, Niko; Clark, Noreen M.

2014-01-01

176

Teachers' Education and Outcomes: Mapping the Research Terrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Questions about teacher quality, including how teachers ought to be educated and licensed, rank near the top of the educational agenda in the United States. These controversies persist because of lack of consensus about what "teacher quality" means, conflicting claims about the empirical evidence, and public skepticism about…

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn; Cannady, Matthew; McEachern, Kirstin Pesola; Mitchell, Kara; Piazza, Peter; Power, Christine; Ryan, Amy

2012-01-01

177

Partisanship, Political Polarization, and State Higher Education Budget Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore how partisanship affects state higher education policy priorities and expenditures. We assume that party coalitions are heterogeneous and policy preferences/priorities differ via mediating factors. We find that Democratic Party strength positively affects state funding for higher education but that the effect diminishes…

Dar, Luciana; Lee, Dong-Wook

2014-01-01

178

Frequency of Educational Computer Use as a Longitudinal Predictor of Educational Outcome in Young People with Specific Language Impairment  

PubMed Central

Computer use draws on linguistic abilities. Using this medium thus presents challenges for young people with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and raises questions of whether computer-based tasks are appropriate for them. We consider theoretical arguments predicting impaired performance and negative outcomes relative to peers without SLI versus the possibility of positive gains. We examine the relationship between frequency of computer use (for leisure and educational purposes) and educational achievement; in particular examination performance at the end of compulsory education and level of educational progress two years later. Participants were 49 young people with SLI and 56 typically developing (TD) young people. At around age 17, the two groups did not differ in frequency of educational computer use or leisure computer use. There were no associations between computer use and educational outcomes in the TD group. In the SLI group, after PIQ was controlled for, educational computer use at around 17 years of age contributed substantially to the prediction of educational progress at 19 years. The findings suggest that educational uses of computers are conducive to educational progress in young people with SLI. PMID:23300610

Durkin, Kevin; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2012-01-01

179

Effects of Class Size on Alternative Educational Outcomes across Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first study to use self-reported ratings of student learning, instructor recommendations, and course recommendations as the outcome measure to estimate class size effects, doing so across 24 disciplines. Fixed-effects models controlling for heterogeneous courses and instructors reveal that increasing enrollment has negative and…

Cheng, Dorothy A.

2011-01-01

180

Potential Uses of Longitudinal Analyses to Investigate Education Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of methods for measuring the ongoing (or longitudinal impact) of these outcomes are discussed in this paper. These were applied to cohorts of students in the last three years of secondary schooling in New Zealand (years 10-12). Over the period of analysis (1992-1995, statistics was taught within the mathematics curriculum at years 10 (School Certificate mathematics) and 11

Sharleen Forbes

181

The Relationship of Rurality and Education Accountability Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines accountability outcomes of Tennessee school districts, comparing rural versus urban districts and litigant versus nonlitigant districts from a 1993 fiscal equity lawsuit. School districts were assigned a measure of rurality using the Cleland Rurality Index, and comparisons were made among the 29 low-rurality districts, 66…

Peevely, Gary; Ray, John R.

182

Educational Outcomes and Research from 1:1 Computing Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the growing interest in 1:1 computing initiatives, relatively little empirical research has focused on the outcomes of these investments. The current special edition of the Journal of Technology and Assessment presents four empirical studies of K-12 1:1 computing programs and one review of key themes in the conversation about 1:1 computing…

Bebell, Damian; O'Dwyer, Laura M.

2010-01-01

183

Can Rational Prescribing Be Improved by an Outcome-Based Educational Approach? A Randomized Trial Completed in Iran  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: An outcome-based education approach has been proposed to develop more effective continuing medical education (CME) programs. We have used this approach in developing an outcome-based educational intervention for general physicians working in primary care (GPs) and evaluated its effectiveness compared with a concurrent CME program in…

Esmaily, Hamideh M.; Silver, Ivan; Shiva, Shadi; Gargani, Alireza; Maleki-Dizaji, Nasrin; Al-Maniri, Abdullah; Wahlstrom, Rolf

2010-01-01

184

Academic performance, educational aspiration and birth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a national longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal educational attainment has been associated with birth outcomes among adult mothers. However, limited research explores whether academic performance and educational aspiration influence birth outcomes among adolescent mothers. Methods Data from Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) were used. Adolescent girls whose first pregnancy occurred after Wave I, during their adolescence, and ended with a singleton live birth were included. Adolescents’ grade point average (GPA), experience of ever skipping a grade and ever repeating a grade, and their aspiration to attend college were examined as predictors of birth outcomes (birthweight and gestational age; n?=?763). Univariate statistics, bivariate analyses and multivariable models were run stratified on race using survey procedures. Results Among Black adolescents, those who ever skipped a grade had higher offspring’s birthweight. Among non-Black adolescents, ever skipping a grade and higher educational aspiration were associated with higher offspring’s birthweight; ever skipping a grade was also associated with higher gestational age. GPA was not statistically significantly associated with either birth outcome. The addition of smoking during pregnancy and prenatal care visit into the multivariable models did not change these associations. Conclusions Some indicators of higher academic performance and aspiration are associated with better birth outcomes among adolescents. Investing in improving educational opportunities may improve birth outcomes among teenage mothers. PMID:24422664

2014-01-01

185

Parent Involvement and Educational Outcomes for Latino Students  

E-print Network

was 28%, compared to only 7% for Anglos and 13% for African Americans (National Center for Education Statistics [NCES], 2002). Additionally, Latino students consistently score lower on math and reading tests

186

Delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care in India.  

PubMed

The delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care is one of India's greatest public health challenges. Public expenditure on cancer in India remains below US$10 per person (compared with more than US$100 per person in high-income countries), and overall public expenditure on health care is still only slightly above 1% of gross domestic product. Out-of-pocket payments, which account for more than three-quarters of cancer expenditures in India, are one of the greatest threats to patients and families, and a cancer diagnosis is increasingly responsible for catastrophic expenditures that negatively affect not only the patient but also the welfare and education of several generations of their family. We explore the complex nature of cancer care systems across India, from state to government levels, and address the crucial issues of infrastructure, manpower shortages, and the pressing need to develop cross-state solutions to prevention and early detection of cancer, in addition to governance of the largely unregulated private sector and the cost of new technologies and drugs. We discuss the role of public insurance schemes, the need to develop new political mandates and authority to set priorities, the necessity to greatly improve the quality of care, and the drive to understand and deliver cost-effective cancer care programmes. PMID:24731888

Pramesh, C S; Badwe, Rajendra A; Borthakur, Bibhuti B; Chandra, Madhu; Raj, Elluswami Hemanth; Kannan, T; Kalwar, Ashok; Kapoor, Sanjay; Malhotra, Hemant; Nayak, Sukdev; Rath, Goura K; Sagar, T G; Sebastian, Paul; Sarin, Rajiv; Shanta, V; Sharma, Suresh C; Shukla, Shilin; Vijayakumar, Manavalan; Vijaykumar, D K; Aggarwal, Ajay; Purushotham, Arnie; Sullivan, Richard

2014-05-01

187

Stability and Change in Rural Youths' Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition. PMID:21140200

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

188

Educational Inequalities in Perinatal Outcomes: The Mediating Effect of Smoking and Environmental Tobacco Exposure  

PubMed Central

Objective Socioeconomic status (SES) is adversely associated with perinatal outcomes. This association is likely to be mediated by tobacco exposure. However, previous studies were limited to single perinatal outcomes and devoted no attention to environmental tobacco exposure. Therefore, this study aimed firstly to explain the role of maternal smoking in the association between maternal education and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA), and secondly to explain whether environmental tobacco smoke mediates these associations further. Study Design This study was nested in a population-based cohort study in the Netherlands, the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development (ABCD) study. Analyses were done in a sample of 3821 pregnant women of Dutch origin, using logistic regression analysis. Results Least educated women, who were more often smoking and exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, had a significantly higher risk of PTB (OR 1.95 [95% CI: 1.19–3.20]), LBW (OR 2.41 [95% CI: 1.36–4.27]) and SGA (OR 1.90 [95% CI 1.32–2.74]) than highly educated women. The mediating effect of smoking in the least educated women was 43% for PTB, 55% for LBW and 66% for SGA. Environmental tobacco smoke did not explain these associations further. After adjustment for maternal smoking, the association between lower maternal education and pregnancy outcomes was no longer significant. Conclusions Smoking explains to a considerable extent the association between lower maternal education and adverse perinatal outcomes. Therefore, tobacco-interventions in lower educated women should be primarily focussed on maternal smoking to reduce PTB, LBW, and SGA. Additional attention to environmental tobacco exposure does not seem to reduce educational inequalities in perinatal outcomes. PMID:22590643

van den Berg, Gerrit; van Eijsden, Manon; Vrijkotte, Tanja G. M.; Gemke, Reinoud J. B. J.

2012-01-01

189

Clinical Outcomes Associated with Attempts to Educate Patients about Lower Endoscopy: A Narrative Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient knowledge about lower endoscopy might have beneficial effects on satisfaction outcomes, pre-procedure anxiety, and\\u000a adherence, although this is poorly understood. Methods Searching the national and international literature, we reviewed 20 years of observational studies and randomized trials\\u000a that examine possible relationships between educating patients about lower endoscopy and clinical outcomes. Twenty-three publications\\u000a were included but their heterogeneity precluded meta-analyses. Standard

John M. Coombes; John F. Steiner; David B. Bekelman; Allan V. Prochazka; Thomas D. Denberg

2008-01-01

190

Outcome of comprehensive psycho-educational interventions for young children with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates comprehensive psycho-educational research on early intervention for children with autism. Twenty-six outcome studies were identified. Twenty-one studies evaluated behavioral treatment, 3 studies evaluated TEACCH and 2 studies evaluated the Colorado Health Sciences Project. Outcome studies are graded according to their scientific value, and subsequently graded according to the magnitude of results documented in the studies. Based on

Svein Eikeseth

2008-01-01

191

Self-Determination as an Educational Outcome: A Definitional Framework and Implications for Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an emerging recognition that self-determination is an important outcome for youth with disabilities. This article presents a definitional framework of self-determination as an educational outcome and describes essential characteristics of self-determined behavior. Within this framework, students become self-determined young people through the development and acquisition of a set of component elements of self-determined behavior. The article introduces these

Michael Wehmeyer

1997-01-01

192

Adolescents’ Educational Outcomes: Racial and Ethnic Variations in Peer Network Importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little attention has been paid to the role of peer social capital in the school context, especially as a predictor of adolescents’\\u000a academic outcomes. This study uses a nationally representative (N = 13,738, female = 51%), longitudinal sample and multilevel models to examine how peer networks impact educational achievement\\u000a and attainment. Results reveal that, in addition to those factors typically associated with academic outcomes

Franklin Goza; Igor Ryabov

2009-01-01

193

Mind Mapping in Executive Education: Applications and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates the technique of mind mapping as applied in executive education and management development. Indicates that most of the 70 students surveyed appreciated its use for recall and creative thinking, although some prefer a top-to-bottom, linear outline approach. (SK)

Mento, Anthony J.; Martinelli, Patrick; Jones, Raymond M.

1999-01-01

194

Sex Differences in the Labor Market Outcomes of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins by surveying the major theoretical approaches to studying sex differences in the labor market. Focusing on developing nations, it then analyzes major manifestations of sex differences in labor market consequences of education: market-activity rates, wages, earnings profiles and rates of return, and occupational distribution.…

Ram, Rati

1980-01-01

195

Survey of Outcomes Measurement in Research on Character Education Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Children's social and moral development has long been a central goal of American schools (McClellan 1999). Through the Partnerships in Character Education Program (PCEP), located in the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (OSDFS) in the U.S. Department o...

A. E. Person, E. Moiduddin, L. M. Malone, M. Hague-Angus

2009-01-01

196

The Whole Truth: Socioeconomic Status and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have long known that children from families of lower socio-economic status (SES) do not do as well in school as those from wealthier families. Of course, this relationship is not deterministic; many children from disadvantaged backgrounds do perform well, and many children from advantaged backgrounds struggle. But the overall trend is…

Fransoo, Randy; Ward, Trish; Wilson, Elaine; Brownell, Marni; Roos, Noralou

2005-01-01

197

Distance, Online and Campus Higher Education: Reflections on Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss performance in postgraduate education in Sweden and Scotland. Drawing on two cases, the paper considers three themes: differences in students' performance by study mode, differences in students' performance by length of study, and finally comparing performance by study mode between modules in…

McPhee, Iain; Soderstrom, Tor

2012-01-01

198

Educational Outcomes of Social Studies Programs in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance of rural 13-year-olds on the 1971-1972 social studies assessment by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) were reviewed in terms of three major exercise themes. Performance on skill exercises revealed rural strengths in source selection and human affairs insights, but weaknesses in reading maps and graphs. Fewer than…

Easton, Stanley E.

199

Asthma Education for Rural School Nurses: Resources, Barriers, and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a school-based asthma education program for rural elementary school nurses. The program was designed to teach school nurses in 7 rural counties in Maryland how to implement and to reinforce asthma management behaviors in children with asthma and their caregivers. Rural nurses who participated in this program increased their…

Winkelstein, Marilyn L.; Quartey, Ruth; Pham, Luu; Lewis-Boyer, LaPricia; Lewis, Cassia; Hill, Kimberly; Butz, Arlene

2006-01-01

200

A Report on Outcomes of Teacher Education Grants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2000, the Commission on Higher Education initiated discussions regarding the critical role of colleges and universities in preparing and sustaining effective preschool-to-grade-twelve teachers, and those discussions subsequently resulted in four different Commission programs focused on teacher quality. New Jersey's long-range plan for…

New Jersey Commission on Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

201

Linguistic and Metalinguistic Outcomes of Intense Immersion Education: How Bilingual?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anglophone children in Grades 2 and 5 who attended an intensive French immersion program were examined for linguistic and metalinguistic ability in English and French. Measures of linguistic proficiency (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) were consistently higher in English and remained so even after 5 years of immersion education in French.…

Hermanto, Nicola; Moreno, Sylvain; Bialystok, Ellen

2012-01-01

202

Family-School Links: How Do They Affect Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores issues related to the links between families and schools and how they affect children's educational achievement, and is organized as follows: Part 1, titled "Families and Schools: How Can They Work Together To Promote Children's School Success?" contains the following chapters: chapter 1, "Family Involvement in Chidrens' and…

Booth, Alan, Ed.; Dunn, Judith F., Ed.

203

Cleaning the Slate? School Choice and Educational Outcomes in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a nation-wide survey on Spanish workers, this paper examines two issues: the determinants of school choice (distinguishing between public and private schools) and the influence of school type on the individual's educational attainment. For that, bivariate probit models are estimated. The analysis is carried out separately by gender…

Albert, Cecilia; Garcia-Serrano, Carlos

2010-01-01

204

Improving Student Outcomes: Restoring America's Education Potential. Strategy Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, investments in public education have boosted U.S. productivity and earnings, forged a path out of poverty for many families, helped disadvantaged students narrow the learning gap with their peers, and developed a workforce that continues to be among the most productive and innovative on Earth. More recently, this engine of growth has…

Greenstone, Michael; Looney, Adam; Shevlin, Paige

2011-01-01

205

Trusting Our Judgment: Measurement and Accountability for Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Education policymakers across the country face an urgent problem: we know there is wide disparity in teacher effectiveness, but we lack meaningful tools to identify and reward the most effective teachers or to ensure that the least effective improve or leave the classroom. Purpose: This article considers the value of the…

Steiner, David

2013-01-01

206

“Geography of Opportunity”: Poverty, Place, and Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an expanded version of the 2008 American Educational Research Association’s Presidential Address. The purpose of the article is to describe the geography of opportunity in two metropolitan regions of the United States that are engaged in significant efforts to transform their local political economies. Both metropolitan regions have invested substantive resources into the development of an area

William F. Tate

2008-01-01

207

Assessment of Student Outcomes in Home Economics Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement of common core capabilities in the areas of human development, nutrition, management, design, the profession, educational principles, public policy, professional development, and computer literacy was measured for 3,791 entering and 2,156 exiting students. The 955 usable responses showed significant differences by major and a…

Smith, Frances M.

1995-01-01

208

Maternal education and perinatal outcomes among Spanish women residing in southern Spain (2001-2011).  

PubMed

Evidence suggests that educational differences in perinatal outcomes have increased in some countries (Eastern Europe) while remained stable in others (Scandinavian countries). However, less is known about the experience of Southern Europe. This study aims to evaluate the association between maternal education and perinatal outcomes derived from birthweight (low birthweight and macrosomia) and gestational age (pre-term and post-term births) among Spaniards living in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia during the period 2001-2011 (around 19 % of births in Spain); and to evaluate whether the educational differences narrowed or widened during that period, which includes both an economic boom (2001-2008) and the global economic crisis (2009-2011). This study uses the Andalusian Population Longitudinal Database and the Vital Statistics Data provided by the Spanish National Statistics Institute. We study live and singleton births of Spanish mothers who lived in Andalusia at the time of delivery (n = 404,951). ORs with 95 % confidence intervals (crude and adjusted) were estimated using multinomial regression models. A negative educational gradient is observed in all perinatal outcomes studied (i.e., the higher the educational status, the lower the risk of negative perinatal outcomes). However, when disaggregating the sample in two periods, the gradient is only statistically significant for pre-term birth during 2001-2008, while a full gradient is observed in all perinatal indicators in the period 2009-2011 with an increase in the educational inequalities in macrosomia and post-term. Further studies are needed in order to confirm whether there is a causal association between the widening of the educational differences in perinatal outcomes and the onset of the economic crisis in Spain, or the widening can be explained by other factors, such as changes in childbearing patterns and the composition of women accessing motherhood. PMID:24374730

Juárez, Sol; Revuelta-Eugercios, Bárbara A; Ramiro-Fariñas, Diego; Viciana-Fernández, Francisco

2014-10-01

209

Views from the Field: Conservation Educators' and Practitioners' Perceptions of Education as a Strategy for Achieving Conservation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data from a mixed-methods study that collected data through surveys (n = 656), interviews (n = 15), and discussion groups (n = 75) to explore the use of social strategies such as education and outreach by non-governmental organizations and government agencies to reach outcomes related to biodiversity conservation and resource…

Ardoin, Nicole M.; Heimlich, Joe E.

2013-01-01

210

Multimodality and interactivity: connecting properties of serious games with educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Serious games have become an important genre of digital media and are often acclaimed for their potential to enhance deeper learning because of their unique technological properties. Yet the discourse has largely remained at a conceptual level. For an empirical evaluation of educational games, extra effort is needed to separate intertwined and confounding factors in order to manipulate and thus attribute the outcome to one property independent of another. This study represents one of the first attempts to empirically test the educational impact of two important properties of serious games, multimodality and interactivity, through a partial 2 x 3 (interactive, noninteractive by high, moderate, low in multimodality) factorial between-participants follow-up experiment. Results indicate that both multimodality and interactivity contribute to educational outcomes individually. Implications for educational strategies and future research directions are discussed. PMID:19903078

Ritterfeld, Ute; Shen, Cuihua; Wang, Hua; Nocera, Luciano; Wong, Wee Ling

2009-12-01

211

Evaluation outcomes of a dedicated education unit in a baccalaureate nursing program.  

PubMed

Quality clinical learning environments (CLE) are crucial to student education and clinical learning and are influenced by both academic and nursing service factors. The University at Buffalo School of Nursing implemented an innovative academic-service partnership model for clinical education of students called a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU). The aims of this study were to (a) investigate students' perceived outcomes of the DEU model on the CLE and (b) explore staff nurses' and faculty's perceived outcomes of the DEU. Qualitative and quantitative methodologies were used. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis of focus groups are reported. Students and DEU nurses reported high scores for satisfaction. Focus group themes for students, faculty, and DEU nurse revealed appreciation for the benefits of the DEU model. The DEU is a worthwhile approach to clinical education that can enhance student's ability to receive diverse clinical experiences and access to clinical experts. Such programs can strengthen academic/service relationships. PMID:22818192

Rhodes, Mattie L; Meyers, Claire C; Underhill, Meghan L

2012-01-01

212

Interprofessional education: a survey of students' collaborative competency outcomes.  

PubMed

This study examines students' collaborative competencies after participating in an interprofessional education (IPE) course offered to undergraduates in nursing, medicine, and pharmacy. Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) was foundational to the course. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey was administered to 33 students who had successfully completed the interprofessional education course; 17 students completed the survey, for a response rate of 52%. The students' collaborative competencies in the core areas of communication, collaboration, roles and responsibilities, collaborative patient- and family-centered approach, conflict management and resolution, and team functioning significantly improved (n = 17, p < 0.001) after course completion, compared with their collaborative competencies before the course. The findings suggest that students' perceptions of their development of interprofessional and collaborative competencies significantly improved after course completion. This may influence their professional practice at the point of care and enhance patient safety. PMID:24256003

Baker, Maureen J; Durham, Carol Fowler

2013-12-01

213

Impact of physician asthma care education on patient outcomes.  

PubMed

Objective. We evaluated the effectiveness of a continuing medical education program, Physician Asthma Care Education, in improving pediatricians' asthma therapeutic and communication skills and patients' health care utilization for asthma. Methods. We conducted a randomized trial in 10 regions in the United States. Primary care providers were recruited and randomly assigned by site to receive the program provided by local faculty. The program included 2 interactive seminar sessions (2.5 hours each) that reviewed national asthma guidelines, communication skills, and key educational messages. Format included short lectures, case discussions, and a video modeling communication techniques. We collected information on parent perceptions of physicians' communication, the child's asthma symptoms, and patients' asthma health care utilization. We used multivariate regression models to determine differences between control and intervention groups. Results. A total of 101 primary care providers and a random sample of 870 of their asthma patients participated. After 1 year, we completed follow-up telephone interviews with the parents of 731 of the 870 patients. Compared to control subjects, parents reported that physicians in the intervention group were more likely to inquire about patients' concerns about asthma, encourage patients to be physically active, and set goals for successful treatment. Patients of physicians that attended the program had a greater decrease in days limited by asthma symptoms (8.5 vs 15.6 days), as well as decreased emergency department asthma visits (0.30 vs 0.55 visits per year). Conclusions. The Physician Asthma Care Education program was used in a range of locations and was effective in improving parent-reported provider communication skills, the number of days affected by asthma symptoms, and asthma health care use. Patients with more frequent asthma symptoms and higher health care utilization at baseline were more likely to benefit from their physician's participation in the program. PMID:25270176

Cabana, Michael D; Slish, Kathryn K; Evans, David; Mellins, Robert B; Brown, Randall W; Lin, Xihong; Kaciroti, Niko; Clark, Noreen M

2014-10-01

214

On Educational Outcomes in an Urban School District  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban school districts face an enormous challenge. They are confronted with high levels of poverty and minority students who at high-risk for educational failure. To compound this, financial resources are lacking in improving these dire conditions. Thus, in a situation where increased budgetary support is no longer accessible, one question remains: What will make a difference?\\u000aChapter 1 suggests a

Michael A Gottfried

2010-01-01

215

Outcome of a Dietitian Managed Multidisciplinary Diabetes Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MDDEP consisted of four 3-hour weekly educational sessions provided by a health care team composed of 8 disciplines. Nutrition intervention included three 1-hour group sessions: 1) basic diabetic diet principles using The First Step in Diabetes Meal Planning; 2) individual meal planning using the Exchange Lists for Meal Planning; and 3) dining-out and sick-day management. Glycemic control and blood

M. J. Craig; W. A. Morgan; A. E. Pusateri

1998-01-01

216

Understanding neurodevelopmental outcomes of prematurity: education priorities for NICU parents.  

PubMed

NICU nurses have an important role to play in many aspects of parent education. This article stresses the need for an increased focus on teaching parents about the central role that self-regulation will play in their infant's neurobehavioral development not only during the early infancy period but throughout all of childhood and adolescence. Suggestions are made about how to conceptualize the relation between cognition and emotions in humans and how to help parents understand that continued vigilance concerning potential problems in attention and self-regulation will be necessary. PMID:20697216

Watson, Anne

2010-08-01

217

Outcome based education enacted: teachers' tensions in balancing between student learning and bureaucracy.  

PubMed

This paper reports on how teachers within health sciences education translate outcome-based education (OBE) into practice when they design courses. The study is an empirical contribution to the debate about outcome- and competency-based approaches in health sciences education. A qualitative method was used to study how teachers from 14 different study programmes designed courses before and after OBE was implemented. Using an interpretative approach, analysis of documents and interviews was carried out. The findings show that teachers enacted OBE either to design for more competency-oriented teaching-learning, or to further detail knowledge and thus move towards reductionism. Teachers mainly understood the outcome-based framework as useful to support students' learning, although the demand for accountability created tension and became a bureaucratic hindrance to design for development of professional competence. The paper shows variations of how teachers enacted the same outcome-based framework for instructional design. These differences can add a richer understanding of how outcome- or competency-based approaches relate to teaching-learning at a course level. PMID:24464366

Barman, Linda; Silén, Charlotte; Bolander Laksov, Klara

2014-12-01

218

Experimentally Estimated Impacts of a School Choice Intervention on Long-Term Educational Outcomes  

E-print Network

Outcomes: The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment Matthew M. Chingos Brown Center on Education. The scarcity of experimental data has been supplemented in part by numerous quasi-experimental and high estimates of the effects of a school voucher intervention in New York City on college enrollments

219

Motivating Learning and Assessing Outcomes in Continuing Medical Education Using a Personal Learning Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Although there is increasing focus on provider behavior change as an outcome of continuing medical education (CME), it has long been known that an increase in knowledge alone is rarely sufficient to induce such change. The Personal Learning Plan (PLP), designed to motivate and assess CME learning, was partly derived from SMART goals…

Reed, Virginia A.; Schifferdecker, Karen E.; Turco, Mary G.

2012-01-01

220

Foster Care Experiences and Educational Outcomes of Young Adults Formerly Placed in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributes to the body of research on the educational outcomes of young adults who were formerly placed in foster care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 359 young adults (a 54.6% response rate). Participants must have been served for at least one year by one private foster care agency in one of its twenty-two offices. Results…

Havalchak, Anne; White, Catherine Roller; O'Brien, Kirk; Pecora, Peter J.; Sepulveda, Martin

2009-01-01

221

Determinants of Adult Functional Outcome in Adolescents Receiving Special Educational Assistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study investigates the role of IQ, autistic traits and challenging behaviours in affecting adult outcomes among adolescents who receive special educational assistance. Methods: A total of 58 participants were recruited from an ongoing longitudinal study. All received assessments of IQ, behavioural patterns (using the Childhood…

McGeown, H. R.; Johnstone, E. C.; McKirdy, J.; Owens, D. C.; Stanfield, A. C.

2013-01-01

222

Exploring the Link among Behavior Intervention Plans, Treatment Integrity, and Student Outcomes under Natural Educational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several researchers have argued that the functional behavior assessment (FBA) and behavior intervention plan (BIP) mandates in the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act of 2004 have gone beyond the current research base. For instance, although BIPs have been shown to improve student outcomes when implemented with strict control and oversight…

Cook, Clayton R.; Mayer, G. Roy; Wright, Diana Browning; Kraemer, Bonnie; Wallace, Michele D.; Dart, Evan; Collins, Tai; Restori, Alberto

2012-01-01

223

Quality Indicators for Competitive Employment Outcomes: What Special Education Teachers Need to Know in Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of job outcomes achieved by youth with disabilities who are transitioning into employment varies widely across the country. Special education teachers, youth with disabilities, families, community rehabilitation program (CRP) staff providing employment services, and others involved in assisting transitioning youth can benefit from a…

Brooke, Valerie Ann; Revell, Grant; Wehman, Paul

2009-01-01

224

Improving Education Outcomes in Germany. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 611  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving education outcomes is important for Germany's long-term economic performance and social cohesion. While student achievement is above the OECD average in science and at the OECD average in reading and mathematics according to the 2006 OECD PISA study, weaker students tend to do badly by international comparison and socio-economic and/or…

Carey, David

2008-01-01

225

If and When Money Matters: The Relationships among Educational Expenditures, Student Engagement and Students' Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for accountability in higher education are prompted in part by questions concerning whether colleges and universities use their resources effectively to promote student learning. Unfortunately, too little is known about whether money matters to desired outcomes of college. Using students' responses to the 2004 administration of the National…

Pike, Gary R.; Kuh, George D.; McCormick, Alexander C.; Ethington, Corinna A.; Smart, John C.

2011-01-01

226

Attributions of the Educational Outcomes of Students with Learning Disabilities in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to raise awareness of the importance of attributional beliefs in relation to the educational outcomes of students with a learning disability (LD) in China. The study presented in this paper examined the attributional beliefs that Chinese pre-service teachers had developed towards students with LD, in comparison to students without…

Woodcock, Stuart; Jiang, Han

2012-01-01

227

How to Tackle the Shift of Educational Assessment from Learning Outcomes to Competencies: One Program's Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the new Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) represent a shift from measuring learning outcomes to core competencies, results from assessments conducted prior to this shift continue to provide useful information for program-level assessment and can serve as a baseline as programs redesign assessments for reaffirmation.…

Meyer-Adams, Nancy; Potts, Marilyn K.; Koob, Jeffrey J.; Dorsey, Catherine J.; Rosales, Anna M.

2011-01-01

228

Labor Market Outcomes for Persons with Long Term Disabilities and College Educations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the labor market consequences of long term disability status for persons who have had the opportunity to receive a university education and rehabilitation services. The sample matches persons with functional limitations with a similar sample of university graduates without these limitations. In this paper, we focus on the salary outcomes for these two groups. We also

Wallace Hendricks; ChrisAnn Schrio-Geist; Emir Broadbent

1996-01-01

229

Examining Student Spiritual Outcomes as a Result of a General Education Religion Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era in which part-time faculty are becoming a higher proportion of the teaching faculty on most campuses, this study addressed the question of whether student learning outcomes in religious education courses are significantly influenced by whether the instructor teaches in a full- or part-time capacity in the Department of Religion. We…

Hilton, John, III; Plummer, Kenneth

2013-01-01

230

High Performance Education. Porsche Shares Outcomes-Based Model with Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Porsche model of outcome-based education in its auto technician training program was adapted by vocational instructors in Nevada. Its effectiveness derives from pretesting, teaching with demonstrations, student practice with peer coaching, performance measurement, and reteaching and retesting. (SK)

Luft, Vernon

1994-01-01

231

What Doesn't Kill You Makes You Weaker: Prenatal Pollution Exposure and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I examine the impact of prenatal total suspended particulate (TSP) exposure on educational outcomes using county-level variation in the timing and severity of the industrial recession of the early 1980s as a shock to ambient TSPs (similar to Chay and Greenstone 2003b). I then instrument for pollution levels using county-level changes in relative…

Sanders, Nicholas J.

2012-01-01

232

ICT Expenditures and Education Outputs/Outcomes in Selected Developed Countries: An Assessment of Relative Efficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of the paper is to review some previous researches examining ICT efficiency and the impact of ICT on educational output/outcome as well as different conceptual and methodological issues related to performance measurement. Design/methodology/approach: This paper adopts a non-parametric methodology, i.e. data envelopment analysis…

Aristovnik, Aleksander

2013-01-01

233

Educational Outcomes of a Collaborative School-Home Behavioral Intervention for ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated educationally relevant outcomes from a newly developed collaborative school-home intervention (Collaborative Life Skills Program [CLS]) for youth with attention and/or behavior problems. Participants included 17 girls and 40 boys in second through fifth grades (mean age = 8.1 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds. CLS was…

Pfiffner, Linda J.; Villodas, Miguel; Kaiser, Nina; Rooney, Mary; McBurnett, Keith

2013-01-01

234

The Relationship between ISO 9000 Participation and Educational Outcomes of Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The study seeks to examine the relationship between the implementation of the ISO 9000 quality management system and educational outcomes of schools, measured by student achievement on the state-mandated tests and school attendance rates--graduation rates, in the case of high schools. Design/methodology/approach: The study was conducted…

Bae, Sang Hoon

2007-01-01

235

Assessing the Quality of the Learning Outcome in Vocational Education: The Expero Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to present an innovative model to evaluate the quality of the learning outcome in vocational education and training (VET) considering a wide approach that includes, in particular, stakeholders' expectations and perceptions. Design/methodology/approach: The Expero model was implemented in various kinds of vocational schools…

Cervai, Sara; Cian, Luca; Berlanga, Alicia; Borelli, Massimo; Kekale, Tauno

2013-01-01

236

Comparison of Selected Outcomes Based on Teaching Strategies that Promote Active Learning in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in the effects of three active-learning teaching strategies (case-based learning, simulation, and simulation with narrative pedagogy) on the outcomes of nursing student performance of intervention activities, performance retention of intervention activities, student satisfaction, self-confidence, and educational

Nicholson, Anita Christine

2010-01-01

237

Does Parental Homework Involvement Mediate the Relationship between Family Background and Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines whether parental homework involvement mediates the relationship between family background and educational outcomes such as academic achievement and academic self-concept. Data from two studies in which grade 8 students (N = 1274 and N = 1911) described their parents' involvement in the homework process were reanalyzed via…

Dumont, Hanna; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Neumann, Marko; Niggli, Alois; Schnyder, Inge

2012-01-01

238

Does Prison-Based Adult Basic Education Improve Postrelease Outcomes for Male Prisoners in Florida?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors use administrative data from Florida to determine the extent to which prison-based adult basic education (ABE) improves inmate's postrelease labor market outcomes, such as earnings and employment. Using two nonexperimental comparison groups, the authors find evidence that ABE participation is associated with higher postrelease…

Cho, Rosa Minhyo; Tyler, John H.

2013-01-01

239

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

240

The Effects Of High School Athletic Participation On Education And Labor Market Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a simple allocation-of-time model to explain the high school athletic participation choice and the implications of this choice for educational and labor market outcomes. Four different factors that could explain athletic participation are identified in the context of this model. A variety of tests of the model are provided using two data sets: the National Longitudinal Survey of

John M. Barron; Bradley T. Ewing; Glen R. Waddell

2000-01-01

241

The effects of high school athletic participation on education and labor market outcomes  

E-print Network

We introduce a simple allocation-of-time model to explain the high school athletic participation choice and the implications of this choice for educational and labor market outcomes. Four different factors that could explain athletic participatio n are identified in the context of this model. A variety of tests of the model are provided using two data sets: the

John M. Barron; Bradley T. Ewing; Glen R. Waddell

2000-01-01

242

Students' Motivational Profiles and Achievement Outcomes in Physical Education: A Self-Determination Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies in education have inspected the relations between students' autonomous versus controlled motivation and relevant outcomes. In most of those studies a global index of self-determined motivation was created. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) how the different types of motivation proposed by Self-Determination Theory…

Boiche, Julie C. S.; Sarrazin, Philippe G.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Grouzet, Frederick M. E.; Chanal, Julien P.

2008-01-01

243

Using the Technology Acceptance Model for Outcomes Assessment in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employs the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in an educational setting to determine the usefulness of deploying the theory as an outcomes assessment instrument to assist in the accreditation process. The study of 131 college students found that the adoption of Internet usage is positively related to TAM constructs of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, behavioral intention to

ROBERT M. WOLK

2009-01-01

244

Empowering Communities for Improved Educational Outcomes: Some Evaluation Findings from the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community involvement in the management of schools--community empowerment--is a growing phenomenon in the developing world. Many see it as a way to increase the relevance of schools, school attendance, and ultimately to improve learning outcomes. Increasingly, World Bank lending for basic education includes growing support for community…

Nielsen, H. Dean

2007-01-01

245

Using Social Media Applications for Educational Outcomes in College Teaching: A Structural Equation Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more and more faculty members jump on the wagon of social media, an increasing number of publications began to investigate the adoption of social media applications and its motivators in and out of the classrooms. However, little research has paid close attention to the educational outcomes of social media utilization in college teaching. Thus,…

Cao, Yingxia; Ajjan, Haya; Hong, Paul

2013-01-01

246

A Millennium Learning Goal for Education Post-2015: A Question of Outcomes or Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the target year for the current Millennium Development Goal of universal completion of primary education approaches, three World Bank economists have proposed its replacement with a Millennium Learning Goal. This is part of a trend of increased privileging of learning outcomes. The proposal is assessed from the perspective of human rights-based…

Barrett, Angeline M.

2011-01-01

247

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes. Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research reported in this paper tests the hypothesis that World Bank education projects for which the project appraisal documents are judged "good" have a higher probability of leading to successful outcomes than projects for which the appraisals are judged "poor." The research draws on project document evaluations carried out in 1993 and 1998.…

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

248

Services for All: Are Outcome-Based Education and Flexible School Structures the Answer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the recent controversy over outcome-based education (OBE), arguing that while OBE may be correct in establishing high standards for student learning, its implementation has tended to establish rigid "assembly line" approaches to teaching. A call is made for more flexible and individualized systems that respond to student needs…

Smith, Sarah J.

1995-01-01

249

Diffusion of the National Qualifications Framework and Outcomes-Based Education in Southern and Eastern Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores policy and curriculum diffusion in southern and eastern Africa through an examination of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and outcomes-based education. The article argues that the NQF was adopted for different reasons in different contexts, but that discourse coalitions and conferences have been critical in…

Chisholm, Linda

2007-01-01

250

Outcomes from Breakout Sessions The core concepts to address in climate change education  

E-print Network

Outcomes from Breakout Sessions The core concepts to address in climate change education: College steps at individual, household, regional, and international levels. K-12: 1. Core scientific concepts and variations (but how much to stress this was debated) 2. "nature of science"-type concepts: scientific

251

ED-LTCY 203 Film and Contemporary Issues in Education: University Learning Outcome 11 Social Sciences  

E-print Network

ED-LTCY 203 Film and Contemporary Issues in Education: University Learning Outcome 11 ­ Social as demonstrated through a variety of written assignments and oral discussion activities Example Assignment: Film or theme in one or more of the films they have viewed in the semester. Students are encouraged you to use

Barrash, Warren

252

Post-School Outcomes Data Collection and Use: Questions State Directors of Special Education Should Ask  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to give state directors of special education, especially those who are new in their positions, a guide to understanding their role and responsibilities with respect to the collection, analysis and reporting of post-school outcomes data for Indicator 14 of the Part B State Performance Plan (SPP). To assist state…

Reder, Nancy

2006-01-01

253

African Americans in College: The Impact of Institutional Racial Composition on Student Development and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the results and implications of a major new national study exploring the effects of institutional racial composition on African American students' development and their educational outcomes, taking into account individuals' background characteristics, their perceptions of the institutional environment, and their experiences in…

Flowers, Lamont A.; Pascarella, Ernest T.

2011-01-01

254

Transgender College Students: An Exploratory Study of Perceptions, Engagement, and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We explored transgender students' perceptions, engagement, and educational outcomes across 17 dimensions of the collegiate experience. Data were collected as part of a national study and represent a total of 91 transgender-identified college students as well as matching samples of nontransgender LGB and heterosexual peers for comparative purposes.…

Dugan, John P.; Kusel, Michelle L.; Simounet, Dawn M.

2012-01-01

255

Professional Development through Self-Directed Expatriation: Intentions and Outcomes for Young, Educated Eastern Europeans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the experiences of young, well-educated Eastern Europeans who have moved to Western Europe in search of opportunities for professional development, opportunities that, for the most part, are not available in their home countries. The focus of this paper is on the resulting outcome of downskilling, where these individuals work…

Felker, Julie A.

2011-01-01

256

The Effects of Urban Poverty on Educational Outcomes: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Using data from a randomized housing-mobilityexperiment, this paper examines the effects of neighborhood,poverty on the educational outcomes,of children as reported in school administrative records. We find that the opportunity for public housing residents to move from

Jens Ludwig; Helen F. Ladd; Greg J. Duncan

2000-01-01

257

Educational Outcomes in Extremely Preterm Children: Neuropsychological Correlates and Predictors of Attainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the impact of extremely preterm birth on academic attainment at 11 years of age, investigated neuropsychological antecedents of attainment in reading and mathematics, and examined early predictors of educational outcomes. Children born extremely preterm had significantly poorer academic attainment and a higher prevalence of learning difficulties than their term peers. General cognitive ability and specific deficits in

Samantha Johnson; Dieter Wolke; Enid Hennessy; Neil Marlow

2011-01-01

258

Young Adult Educational and Vocational Outcomes of Children Diagnosed with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decreased success at work and educational attainment by adulthood are of concern for children with ADHD given their widely documented academic difficulties; however there are few studies that have examined this empirically and even fewer that have studied predictors and individual variability of these outcomes. The current study compares young…

Kuriyan, Aparajita B.; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Babinski, Dara E.; Walther, Christine; Cheong, JeeWon; Yu, Jihnhee; Kent, Kristine M.

2013-01-01

259

Attitudinal and Psychosocial Outcomes of a Fitness and Health Education Program on Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudinal and psychosocial outcomes of a fitness and health education program for adults with Down syndrome were examined. Participants were 53 adults with Down syndrome ages 30 years and older (29 females, 24 males, M age = 39.72 years) who were randomized into a training (n = 32) or control group (n = 21). The training group participated in a…

Heller, Tamar; Hsieh, Kelly; Rimmer, James H.

2004-01-01

260

Even in Sweden? Excluding the Included: Some Reflections on the Consequences of New Policies on Educational Processes and Outcomes, and Equity in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to reflect on the effects of educational reforms (which are guided by a neoliberal political agenda) on educational processes, outcomes, and inclusive education in Sweden. It is focused in particular on the increasing marginalisation and exclusion of students with special educational needs, immigrant students, and…

Berhanu, Girma

2010-01-01

261

Do Extra-Curricular Activities in Schools Improve Educational Outcomes? A Critical Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary schools tend to sponsor a large number of extra-curricular activities (ECA) yet little is known about their contribution to students' educational outcomes. This meta-analysis aims to determine what it is about ECA participation that supports positive educational outcomes. Furthermore, this study challenges the theoretical assumptions…

Shulruf, Boaz

2010-01-01

262

Moving Success from the Shadows: Data Systems that Link Education and Workforce Outcomes. Policy Brief 2010-01PBL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for better data on the performance of higher education has become a major focus of education policymakers, and this has been reflected in federal legislation. Community colleges are appropriately held accountable for the workforce outcomes of their students, but the data that are gathered to evaluate those outcomes must reflect the…

Mullin, Christopher M.; Lebesch, Anna

2010-01-01

263

The Effect of an Economic Crisis on Educational Outcomes: An Economic Framework and Review of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first provides an economic framework for understanding how an economic crisis affects children's educational outcomes; this framework shows that there are both negative (harmful) effects and positive (beneficial) effects on educational outcomes. A review of the empirical evidence suggests that the negative effects are typically…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

264

Academic Attainment during Commitment and Postrelease Education-Related Outcomes of Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with disabilities are disproportionately represented in juvenile justice populations and their education-related outcomes and rates of high school graduation are poor. This study examined academic characteristics of youth with and without disabilities ("N" = 4,066) and reports on the education-related outcomes of these youth 3…

Cavendish, Wendy

2014-01-01

265

Comparison of on-campus and hybrid student outcomes in occupational therapy doctoral education.  

PubMed

We compared the graduate outcomes of doctoral students in a traditional on-campus occupational therapy program with those in a hybrid program. Participants were 81 students from an on-campus program and 13 students from a hybrid program. Graduate outcomes were measured with student grade-point average (GPA) at the end of each academic year, cumulative GPA, Fieldwork Performance Exam, National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) practice exam scores, and final NBCOT pass rate. Consistent with previous research, our results revealed no significant differences on most outcome variables, suggesting that hybrid programs are an effective delivery model for postsecondary higher education. These findings may provide guidance to occupational therapy programs in curriculum design, content delivery, and program refinement and development. Replication of this study is needed with a larger sample and inclusion of qualitative data. Future studies should compare the affective domain of graduate outcomes in on-campus and online or hybrid programs. PMID:25397939

Mu, Keli; Coppard, Brenda M; Bracciano, Al G; Bradberry, J Chris

2014-01-01

266

The influence of learning styles preference of undergraduate nursing students on educational outcomes in substance use education.  

PubMed

This paper reports a study identifying the learning styles preference of undergraduate nursing students and examining its influence on educational outcomes. There are limited recent studies in the UK on the learning styles preference of undergraduate and its influence on educational outcomes. A purposive sample of 110 undergraduate nursing students completed a demographic questionnaire and the Honey and Mumford's learning styles inventory. A pre-post-test design was used to evaluate the educational outcomes. Reflector learning styles preference was the dominant learning styles among the majority of undergraduate nursing students. An interesting phenomenon about the distribution of the learning styles preference is the additional "dual" learning style category. The hypothesis that learning styles preference will determine knowledge acquisition, changes in attitude and intervention confidence skills was rejected. However, as this is a multi-layered hypothesis the findings showed that only the dual learning styles preference group was found to have a significant influence in intervention confidence skills. Further research is warranted to replicate this study using the same methodology but with several different population samples specialising in different branch of nursing. As there are limited literature on the dual learning styles preferences, this dual preference phenomenon needs further investigation to establish its acceptability in nursing education. PMID:18373952

Rassool, G Hussein; Rawaf, Salman

2008-09-01

267

Learning Outcomes for Peer Educators: The National Survey on Peer Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer education programs have gained popularity on college campuses because peer educators can communicate with other students in ways that faculty and administrators cannot. Peer education programs continue to grow exponentially because college-age students often feel more comfortable talking with peers when it comes to sensitive issues such as…

Wawrzynski, Matthew R.; LoConte, Carl L.; Straker, Emily J.

2011-01-01

268

Physician empathy: Definition, outcome-relevance and its measurement in patient care and medical education  

PubMed Central

Objective: The present study gives a brief introduction into the definition of physician empathy (PE) and its influence on patients’ health outcomes. Furthermore we present assessment instruments to measure PE from the perspective of the patient and medical student. The latter topic will be explored in detail as we conducted a pilot study on the German versions of two self-assessment instruments of empathy, which are mostly used in medical education research, namely the “Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Student Version” (JSPE-S) and the “Interpersonal Reactivity Index” (IRI). Methods: We first present an overview of the current empirical and theoretical literature on the definition and outcome-relevance of PE. Additionally, we conducted basic psychometric analyses of the German versions of the JSPE-S and the IRI. Data for this analyses is based on a cross-sectional pilot-survey in N=44 medical students and N=63 students of other disciplines from the University of Cologne. Results: PE includes the understanding of the patient as well as verbal and non-verbal communication, which should result in a helpful therapeutic action of the physician. Patients’ health outcomes in different healthcare settings can be improved considerably from a high quality empathic encounter with their clinician. Basic psychometric results of the German JSPE-S and IRI measures show first promising results. Conclusion: PE as an essential and outcome-relevant element in the patient-physician relationship requires more consideration in the education of medical students and, thus, in medical education research. The German versions of the JSPE-S and IRI measures seem to be promising means to evaluate these education aims and to conduct medical education research on empathy. PMID:22403596

Neumann, Melanie; Scheffer, Christian; Tauschel, Diethard; Lutz, Gabriele; Wirtz, Markus; Edelhauser, Friedrich

2012-01-01

269

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

...Who is the insured's equitably adopted child? 404.359 Section 404.359 ...Insurance Benefits; Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.359 Who is the insured's equitably adopted child? You may be eligible for...

2014-04-01

270

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

...2012-04-01 true When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's...

2014-04-01

271

30 CFR 285.540 - How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States...Sharing with States § 285.540 How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States? (a) The MMS will distribute among the...

2011-07-01

272

30 CFR 285.540 - How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States...Sharing with States § 285.540 How will MMS equitably distribute revenues to States? (a) The MMS will distribute among the...

2010-07-01

273

Institutionalizing Equitable Policies and Practices for Contingent Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a qualitative inquiry into the institutionalization of equitable policies for non-tenure-track faculty. Through the theoretical framework of institutionalization, we examine factors and strategies forwarding various policies and practices and the challenges that arise. The results highlight themes throughout the stages of…

Kezar, Adrianna; Sam, Cecile

2013-01-01

274

Toward Efficient and Equitable Distributed Air Tra c Flow Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—In order to ensure efficient and equitable use of the National Airspace, the problem of air traffic flow control is posed as a PDE constrained optimization program which explicitly incorporates distinct preferences for independent airlines. Novel cost metrics are introduced to capture the real- world cost of delays to the airlines, and control parameters are aligned with the actual inputs

R. Raffard; S. L. Waslander; A. M. Bayen; C. J. Tomlin

2006-01-01

275

Tenure-neutral and Equitable Housing Taxation Philippe Thalmann  

E-print Network

Tenure-neutral and Equitable Housing Taxation Philippe Thalmann [Paper first received, August 2005; in final form, April 2006] Summary. Equity and neutrality are distinct concepts in housing taxation and weak and strong tenure neutrality should be distinguished. When a tax system is tested for those

Lausanne, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de

276

U.S. dental hygiene faculty perceptions of learner outcomes in distance education courses.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine perceptions of full-time, entry-level dental hygiene educators regarding the ability to achieve interaction in their distance education courses and the impact of interaction on learning outcomes. The specific interactions explored were student-instructor, student-content, and student-student. A survey was developed, pilot tested, revised, and mailed to 287 educators across the United States, generating an overall response rate of 22.3 percent. The majority of respondents perceived interaction to be achievable in their distance courses, to increase through technology, and to positively influence learning outcomes. Nearly 90 percent reported student-instructor interaction as achievable, 95.3 percent reported student-content interaction as achievable, and 79.7 percent reported student-student interaction as achievable. Learning outcomes were defined in this study as the student's achievement of course objectives and competencies at course completion. Approximately 81 percent of the respondents reported a positive influence from student-instructor interaction, 79.7 percent from student-content interaction, and 70.3 percent from student-student interaction. This study also examined which modalities were perceived as being most influential in achieving interaction. The results demonstrated a prevalence of discussion board posting in an environment in which numerous Web 2.0 tools are available and respondents were not as positive about their ability to achieve student-student interaction in the distance learning environment. The authors conclude that faculty development is critical in achieving quality outcomes in dental hygiene distance education courses. PMID:24706682

Corum, Kathrine A; Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C; Johnson, Kerry; Strait, Tia M

2014-04-01

277

An Outcome Assessment of an ABC-Based HIV Peer Education Intervention Among Kenyan University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports an outcome assessment on an HIV peer education intervention at the main campus of Kenyatta University in Nairobi, Kenya. A quasiexperimental separate sample pretest–posttest design was used. Campuswide baseline and endline surveys were conducted with 632 and 746 students, respectively, soliciting information on HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. After 2 years of on-campus intervention, no changes in

Ann Neville Miller; Mike Mutungi; Elena Facchini; Benard Barasa; Wycliffe Ondieki; Charles Warria

2008-01-01

278

Cerebral Palsy—Long-Term Medical, Functional, Educational, and Psychosocial Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cerebral palsy, typically diagnosed in childhood, clearly continues into adulthood. This study describes the long-term medical, functional, educational, and psychosocial outcomes of people with cerebral palsy. Of the 203 people with cerebral palsy diagnosed and treated at the Child Development Center in Tel Aviv between 1975 and 1994, 163 (80%; age range 8-30 years, mean age 18.9 years, and median

Ronit Mesterman; Yael Leitner; Rachel Yifat; Gabi Gilutz; Ofra Levi-Hakeini; Ora Bitchonsky; Peter Rosenbaum; Shaul Harel

2010-01-01

279

How effective are poor schools? Poverty and educational outcomes in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Massive differentials on achievement tests and examinations reflect South Africa’s divided past. Improving the distribution of educational outcomes is imperative to overcome labour market inequalities. Historically white and Indian schools still outperform black and coloured schools in examinations, and intraclass correlation coefficients (rho) reflect far greater between-school variance compared to overall variance than for other countries. SACMEQ’s rich data sets

Servaas van der Berg

2006-01-01

280

If and When Money Matters: The Relationships Among Educational Expenditures, Student Engagement and Students’ Learning Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls for accountability in higher education are prompted in part by questions concerning whether colleges and universities\\u000a use their resources effectively to promote student learning. Unfortunately, too little is known about whether money matters\\u000a to desired outcomes of college. Using students’ responses to the 2004 administration of the National Survey of Student Engagement\\u000a (NSSE) in concert with institutional data from

Gary R. Pike; George D. Kuh; Alexander C. McCormick; Corinna A. Ethington; John C. Smart

2011-01-01

281

Community Education: More than Just a Course. Exploring the Outcomes and Impact of Department of Education and Skills Funded Community Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009 AONTAS commissioned a piece of research to examine the outcomes and impact of community education in relation to the three aims that the Government has defined for it: enhancing learning; fostering empowerment, and contributing to civic society. In part, the research also responds to a need to measure the wider benefits of learning (such…

Bailey, Natasha; Breen, Jessica; Ward, Mark

2010-01-01

282

A model for overview of student learning: a matrix of educational outcomes versus methodologies.  

PubMed

A concise overview of an institution's aspirations for its students becomes increasingly elusive because dental education has evolving emphases on priorities like critical thinking and adapting to new technology. The purpose of this article is to offer a learner-oriented matrix that gives a focus for discussion and an overview of an institution's educational outcomes. On one axis of the matrix, common educational outcomes are listed: knowledge, technical skills, critical thinking, ethical and professional values, patient and practice management, and social responsibility awareness. On the other axis, methodologies are listed: definition, cultivation strategies, measures (summative/formative, objective/subjective), institutional coordination, and competency determination. By completing the matrix, an overview of the process by which students reach these outcomes emerges. Each institution would likely complete the matrix differently and, ideally, with active discussion. While the matrix can first be used to establish "Where are we now?" for an institution, it can also be a starting point for more extensive matrices and further discussion. Vertical and horizontal analyses of the matrix provide a unique lens for viewing the institution's learning environment. PMID:21293038

Johnsen, David C; Marshall, Teresa A; Finkelstein, Michael W; Cunningham-Ford, Marsha A; Straub-Morarend, Cheryl L; Holmes, David C; Armstrong, Steven R; Aquilino, Steven A; Sharp, Helen M; Solow, Catherine M; McQuistan, Michelle R

2011-02-01

283

Equitable emergency access: rhetoric or reality?  

PubMed

The present paper is based on an address given at the Australian Financial Review Health Congress in February, 2005. Let's start with the underlying premise that patients have a valid right to fair and just access to emergency care. Fairness and justice are concepts more comfortably placed within legal and sociological settings than within health. They refer to our ability to deliver care without bias or favour. Our college has published a statement asserting patients' right to appropriate access (Patients' Right to Access Emergency Department Care. ACEM Policy Statement P31, March 2004). The other underlying premise in this discussion is that this issue of equity of access actually matters. It may be of significance at a moral level, at a relative resource consumption level, at the level of occupation of system capacity, or at the level of clinical outcomes for individual patients. PMID:16091104

Kennedy, Marcus

2005-08-01

284

Citizenship Education as an Educational Outcome for Young People in Care: A Phenomenological Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study presents a retrospective analysis of how a cohort of young men, who as boys were assigned to residential care in Malta, perceive the citizenship education that they received while "in care" as having empowered them--as boys, adolescents, and eventually as young adults. Rather than focusing on citizenship education that is…

Spiteri, Damian

2012-01-01

285

Achievement for All: improving psychosocial outcomes for students with special educational needs and disabilities.  

PubMed

Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) are at a greatly increased risk of experiencing poor psychosocial outcomes. Developing effective interventions that address the cause of these outcomes has therefore become a major policy priority in recent years. We report on a national evaluation of the Achievement for All (AfA) programme that was designed to improve outcomes for students with SEND through: (1) academic assessment, tracking and intervention, (2) structured conversations with parents, and (3) developing provision to improve wider outcomes (e.g. positive relationships). Using a quasi-experimental, pre-test-post-test control group design, we assessed the impact of AfA on teacher ratings of the behaviour problems, positive relationships and bullying of students with SEND over an 18-month period. Participants were 4758 students with SEND drawn from 323 schools across England. Our main impact analysis demonstrated that AfA had a significant impact on all three response variables when compared to usual practice. Hierarchical linear modelling of data from the intervention group highlighted a range of school-level contextual factors and implementation activities and student-level individual differences that moderated the impact of AfA on our study outcomes. The implications of our findings are discussed, and study strengths and limitations are noted. PMID:23380579

Humphrey, Neil; Lendrum, Ann; Barlow, Alexandra; Wigelsworth, Michael; Squires, Garry

2013-04-01

286

Do extra-curricular activities in schools improve educational outcomes? A critical review and meta-analysis of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary schools tend to sponsor a large number of extra-curricular activities (ECA) yet little is known about their contribution\\u000a to students’ educational outcomes. This meta-analysis aims to determine what it is about ECA participation that supports positive\\u000a educational outcomes. Furthermore, this study challenges the theoretical assumptions about the benefits of participation in\\u000a ECA. 29 studies (all except for one based

Boaz Shulruf

2010-01-01

287

Improving the Educational Outcomes for Minorities: A Study of the Interactive Effects of Personnel Stability and Representative Bureacracy  

E-print Network

IMPROVING THE EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES FOR MINORITIES: A STUDY OF THE INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF PERSONNEL STABILITY AND REPRESENTATIVE BUREACRACY A Dissertation by TABITHA SUSAN MARIE MORTON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... and personnel stability, could be used in combination with one another in order to improve the educational policy outcomes for African American and Latino students. Using data from Texas school districts from 1994-2010 and a cross-sectional longitudinal...

Morton, Tabitha Susan Marie

2013-08-06

288

The Missing Link to Connect Education and Employment: Recognition of Non-Formal and Informal Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of learning outcomes is at the heart of many research programmes and policy responses. International surveys (from the International Adult Literacy Survey, back in the mid-nineties, to the forthcoming Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes two OECD surveys), National Qualifications Frameworks or the European Qualifications…

Werquin, Patrick

2012-01-01

289

Educational and Employment Outcomes for Injured Workers after Vocational Training, 1993-96. Research Report No. 98-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the demographic characteristics and the educational and employment outcomes of 1,200 injured workers who exited from college between 1993-1996 after attending for vocational preparation. The study also evaluates the appropriateness of using the State Board for Community and Technical College's (SBCTC) Data Linking for Outcomes

Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia. Education Div.

290

Examining the Burdens of Gendered Racism: Implications for Pregnancy Outcomes Among College-Educated African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: As investigators increasingly identify racism as a risk factor for poor health outcomes (with implications for adverse birth outcomes), research efforts must explore individual experiences with and responses to racism. In this study, our aim was to determine how African American college-educated women experience racism that is linked to their identities and roles as African American women (gendered racism).

Fleda Mask Jackson; Mona Taylor Phillips; Carol J. Rowland Hogue; Tracy Y. Curry-Owens

2001-01-01

291

The Labor Market Outcomes of Two Forms of Cross-Border Higher Education Degree Programs between Malaysia and Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the labor market outcomes of two different forms of cross-border higher education degree programs (i.e., study abroad vs. twinning) between Malaysia and Japan. Based on a new graduate survey, it examines whether there are differences in the labor market outcomes between the two programs and what other factors have significant…

Koda, Yoshiko; Yuki, Takako

2013-01-01

292

Transition Care: Future Directions in Education, Health Policy, and Outcomes Research  

PubMed Central

All youth must transition from pediatric to adult-centered medical care. This process is especially difficult for youth with special health care needs. Many youth do not receive the age-appropriate medical care they need and are at risk during this vulnerable time. Previous research has identified barriers that may prevent effective transition, and protocols have been developed to improve the process. Health outcomes related to successful transition have yet to be fully defined. Health care transition can also be influenced by education of providers, but there are gaps in medical education at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels. Current changes in federal health policy allow improved health care coverage, provide some new financial incentives, and test new structures for transitional care, including the evolution of accountable care organizations (ACO). Future work must test how these systems changes will affect quality of care. Finally, transition protocols exist in various medical subspecialties; however, national survey results show no improvement in transition readiness, and there are no consistent measures of what constitutes transition success. In order to advance the field of transition, research must be done to integrate transition curricula at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels; to provide advance financial incentives and pilot the ACO model in centers providing care to youth during transition; to define outcome measures of importance to transition; and to study the effectiveness of current transition tools on improving these outcomes. PMID:24602574

Sharma, Niraj; O'Hare, Kitty; Antonelli, Richard C.; Sawicki, Gregory S.

2014-01-01

293

Higher order thinking skills competencies required by outcomes-based education from learners.  

PubMed

Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) brought about a significant paradigm shift in the education and training of learners in South Africa. OBE requires a shift from focusing on the teacher input (instruction offerings or syllabuses expressed in terms of content), to focusing on learner outcomes. OBE is moving away from 'transmission' models to constructivistic, learner-centered models that put emphasis on learning as an active process (Nieburh, 1996:30). Teachers act as facilitators and mediators of learning (Norms and Standards, Government Gazette vol 415, no 20844 of 2000). Facilitators are responsible to create the environment that is conducive for learners to construct their own knowledge, skills and values through interaction (Peters, 2000). The first critical cross-field outcome accepted by the South African Qualification Framework (SAQA) is that learners should be able to identify and solve problems by using critical and creative thinking skills. This paper seeks to explore some higher order thinking skills competencies required by OBE from learners such as critical thinking, reflective thinking, creative thinking, dialogic / dialectic thinking, decision making, problem solving and emotional intelligence and their implications in facilitating teaching and learning from the theoretical perspective. The philosophical underpinning of these higher order thinking skills is described to give direction to the study. It is recommended that a study focusing on the assessment of these intellectual concepts be made. The study may be qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods in nature (Creswell 2005). PMID:17131612

Chabeli, M M

2006-08-01

294

Direct investment by stepfathers can mitigate effects on educational outcomes but does not improve behavioural difficulties  

PubMed Central

In contemporary developed populations, stepfather presence has been associated with detrimental effects on child development. However, the proximate mechanisms behind such effects are yet to be fully explored. From a behavioural ecological perspective, the negative effects associated with stepfathers may be due to the reduced quantity and quality of investments children receive within stepfather households. Here, we build on previous studies by investigating whether the effects of stepfather presence on child outcomes are driven by differences in maternal and partner (i.e., father or stepfather) direct investments. We use data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to explore stepfather effects on children’s educational achievement and behavioural difficulties at age 7. Our results indicate that, for educational achievement, stepfather effects are due to the lower levels of direct investments children receive. For behavioural difficulty, stepfather effects are due to multiple factors whereby stepfather presence is associated with greater difficulties independent of investment levels, and direct investments from stepfathers are ineffective. Our results suggest that the negative effects of stepfathers on child outcomes can be explained, in part, by the reduced quantity and the ineffectiveness of direct investments children receive from stepfathers. Furthermore, the effects of stepfather direct investments seem to vary between child outcomes. PMID:25214758

Emmott, Emily H.; Mace, Ruth

2014-01-01

295

Exploring the relation between online case-based discussions and learning outcomes in dental education.  

PubMed

Online case-based discussions, parallel to theoretical dental education, have been highly valued by students and supervisors. This study investigated the relation between variables of online group discussions and learning outcomes. At Ghent University in Belgium, undergraduate dental students (years two and three) are required to participate in online case-based discussion groups (five students/group) in conjunction with two theoretical courses on basic periodontics and related therapy. Each week, a patient case is discussed under supervision of a periodontist, who authored the case and performed the treatment. Each case includes treatment history and demand, intra- and extraoral images, and full diagnostic information with periodontal and radiographic status. For this retrospective study, data were obtained for all 252 students in forty-three discussion groups between 2009 and 2012. Spearman's rank correlations were calculated to investigate the relation among group dynamics (number of group posts and views), individual student contributions (number of individual posts, newly introduced elements, questions, and reactions to other posts), supervisors' interventions (number of posts and posed questions), and learning outcomes (examination result). The results showed that learning outcomes were significantly related to the number of student posts (Spearman's rho (?)=0.19), newly introduced elements (?=0.21), reactions to other posts (?=0.14), number of supervisors' interventions (?=0.12), and supervisors' questions (?=0.20). These results suggest that individual student contributions during online case-based discussions and the provided supervision were related to learning outcomes. PMID:25362697

Koole, Sebastiaan; Vervaeke, Stijn; Cosyn, Jan; De Bruyn, Hugo

2014-11-01

296

What is Fair and Equitable Benefit-sharing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Fair and equitable benefit-sharing” is one of the objectives of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the FAO International\\u000a Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In essence, benefit-sharing holds that countries, farmers, and\\u000a indigenous communities that grant access to their plant genetic resources and\\/or traditional knowledge should share in the\\u000a benefits that users derive from these

Bram De Jonge

2011-01-01

297

Equitable solutions in QoS-aware service optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web services QoS optimization problem using the concept of Lorenz dominance is addressed. Lorenz solutions are equitable and well balanced. Such an approach could simplify the Decision Maker's choice. Evolutionary detection of Lorenz solution seem to be an appealing one. Some state-of-the art MOEAs are slightly modified for addressing the QoS optimization problem. Lorenz solutions drastically reduce the number of

Mihai Suciu; Marcel Cremene; Florin Pop; Dumitru Dumitrescu

2012-01-01

298

Role of Education in HIV Clinical Outcomes in a Tuberculosis Endemic Setting.  

PubMed

This study evaluated how educational attainment impacts clinical outcomes of HIV-positive patients in Durban, South Africa. The authors conducted a prospective study of 466 adult HIV-positive patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) at an urban TB-HIV clinic from October 2004 to June 2007. The level of educational attainment (highest grade completed) was assessed at ART initiation. The authors measured tuberculosis treatment outcomes as well as death, lost to follow-up, viral suppression (HIV RNA <400 copies/mL), and immunologic response (CD4 ?200 cells/mm(3)) at 6, 12, and 24 months after ART initiation. After 24 months of ART initiation, there were 43 deaths; viral suppression and immunologic response were observed in 88% and 83% of the remaining patients, respectively. The authors found no association between level of educational attainment and mortality (P = .12), loss to follow-up (P = .85), virologic response (P = .51), or immunologic response (P = .63). Similar findings were observed at 6 and 12 months post-ART initiation. PMID:23708680

Cohen, Gabriel M; Werner, Lise; Gengiah, Santhanalakshmi; Naidoo, Kogieleum

2014-09-01

299

Longitudinal Impact of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in First Grade on Educational Outcomes in High School.  

PubMed

This study examined the longitudinal effects of 2 first-grade universal preventive interventions on academic outcomes (e.g., achievement, special education service use, graduation, postsecondary education) through age 19 in a sample of 678 urban, primarily African American children. The classroom-centered intervention combined the Good Behavior Game (H. H. Barrish, Saunders, & Wolfe, 1969) with an enhanced academic curriculum, whereas a second intervention, the Family-School Partnership, focused on promoting parental involvement in educational activities and bolstering parents' behavior management strategies. Both programs aimed to address the proximal targets of aggressive behavior and poor academic achievement. Although the effects varied by gender, the classroom-centered intervention was associated with higher scores on standardized achievement tests, greater odds of high school graduation and college attendance, and reduced odds of special education service use. The intervention effects of the Family-School Partnership were in the expected direction; however, only 1 effect reached statistical significance. The findings of this randomized controlled trial illustrate the long-term educational impact of preventive interventions in early elementary school. PMID:23766545

Bradshaw, Catherine P; Zmuda, Jessika H; Kellam, Sheppard G; Ialongo, Nicholas S

2009-11-01

300

Problems in the Outcomes of Nursing Education Create Challenges for Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five years after graduation, a survey of 354 Finnish nurses found that they felt most confident with their basic nursing, collaborative, and counseling skills, least confident in interacting with patients with addiction problems. The survey identified nurses' continuing education needs. (Contains 54 references.) (SK)

Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Solante, Sinikka; Katajisto, Jouko

2001-01-01

301

Paradoxical Outcomes in an Educational Drama about Gang Rape: Ethical Responsibilities of Practitioners and Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational drama has been embraced as a promising way to address sensitive and highly-charged issues among youth. An Israeli drama, "Backyard Games", about gang rape, based on an actual case in a kibbutz [a communal settlement] called Shomrat, is considered the definitive work on the subject in Israeli theatre. Written by Edna Mazya and directed…

Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat

2005-01-01

302

Adolescents' Educational Outcomes: Racial and Ethnic Variations in Peer Network Importance  

PubMed Central

Little attention has been paid to the role of peer social capital in the school context, especially as a predictor of adolescents’ academic outcomes. This study uses a nationally representative (N = 13,738, female = 51%), longitudinal sample and multilevel models to examine how peer networks impact educational achievement and attainment. Results reveal that, in addition to those factors typically associated with academic outcomes (e.g., school composition), two individual-level peer network measures, SES and heterogeneity, had significant effects. Although educational attainment was generally worse in low SES schools, for all ethnic groups higher attainment was associated with attending schools with higher concentrations of minority students. At the individual level, however, membership in integrated peer networks was negatively related to high school graduation for Asians, Latinos, and non-Hispanic whites, and to GPA for Asians and Latinos, as only African-American achievement increased in more racially/ethnically heterogeneous peer networks. Our results suggest that co-ethnic and co-racial peer friendship networks should not be viewed as obstacles to the educational accomplishments of today’s youth. In fact, in many cases the opposite was true, as results generally support the ethnic social capital hypothesis while providing little corroboration for oppositional culture theory. Results also suggest that co-racial and co-ethnic ties may mediate the negative effects of school choice, or more specifically of between-school socioeconomic segregation. Consequently, we conclude that school policies aimed at socioeconomic desegregation are likely to beneficially affect the academic outcomes of all race/ethnic groups. PMID:19669905

Ryabov, Igor

2013-01-01

303

Definition of "Rural" Determines the Placement Outcomes of a Rural Medical Education Program: Analysis of Jichi Medical University Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show the impact of changing the definition of what is "rural" on the outcomes of a rural medical education program. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 643 graduates under obligatory rural service and 1,699 graduates after serving their obligation, all from Jichi Medical University (JMU), a binding rural education program in Japan,…

Matsumoto, Masatoshi; Inoue, Kazuo; Kajii, Eiji

2010-01-01

304

Adult Outcomes as a Function of an Early Childhood Educational Program: An Abecedarian Project Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult (age 30) educational, economic, and social-emotional adjustment outcomes were investigated for participants in the Abecedarian Project, a randomized controlled trial of early childhood education for children from low-income families. Of the original 111 infants enrolled (98% African American), 101 took part in the age 30 follow-up. Primary…

Campbell, Frances A.; Pungello, Elizabeth P.; Burchinal, Margaret; Kainz, Kirsten; Pan, Yi; Wasik, Barbara H.; Barbarin, Oscar A.; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.

2012-01-01

305

Feedback Consequences and Steps Toward Implementation: A Guide to Educational Outcome Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministries, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with feedback consequences and steps toward…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

306

Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. (B) ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content  

E-print Network

Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. (B) ABET in the context of a complex natural environment #12;Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. (C) COURSE OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT MATRIX Dept & Course No.: __BEE 475

Walter, M.Todd

307

Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. ABET Criterion 3: Outcomes Met By Course Content  

E-print Network

Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. ABET in the context of a complex natural environment #12;Cornell University is an equal opportunity, affirmative action educator and employer. (C) COURSE OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT MATRIX Dept & Course No.: __BEE 475

Walter, M.Todd

308

A Comparison of Grade Configuration on Urban Sixth to Eighth Grade Student Outcomes in Regular and Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the effect of school/grade configuration for regular and special education students in K-8 schools and middle schools. The analysis looked at the effect of grade configuration on two outcomes: student achievement and student attendance. The study followed a cohort of fifth graders (regular and special education) through sixth,…

Fink, Louise L.

2010-01-01

309

Long-Term Outcomes of Services for Two Persons with Significant Disabilities with Differing Educational Experiences: A Qualitative Consideration of the Impact of Educational Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research exists related to effective services in inclusive general education settings for students with significant disabilities, there are no longitudinal investigations of adult outcomes for persons with significant disabilities who received services in inclusive general education settings. This study uses qualitative methods to describe…

Ryndak, Diane Lea; Ward, Terri; Alper, Sandra; Montgomery, Jennifer Wilson; Storch, Jill F.

2010-01-01

310

Chlamydia screening strategies and outcomes in educational settings: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) screening programs have been established in educational settings in many countries during the past 2 decades. However, recent evidence suggests that high uptake of screening and management (treatment, partner notification, and retesting for reinfection) improves program effectiveness. We conducted a systematic review to understand the screening strategies, the extent of screening conducted, and uptake of management strategies in educational settings. Screening studies in educational settings were identified through a systematic search of published literature from 2005 to 2011. We identified 27 studies describing 30 screening programs in the United States/Canada (n = 10), Europe (n = 8), Australia/New Zealand (n = 5), and Asia (n = 4). Most studies targeted both male and female students (74%). Classroom-based strategies resulted in 21,117 testes overall (4 programs), followed by opportunistic screening during routine health examination (n = 13,470; 5 programs) and opportunistic screening at school-based health centers (n = 13,006; 5 programs). The overall median CT positivity was 4.7% (range, 1.3%-18.1%). Only 5 programs reported treatment rates (median, 100%; range, 86%-100%), 1 partner notification rate (71%), 1 retesting rate within a year of an initial CT diagnosis (47%), and 2 reported repeat positivity rates (21.1% and 26.3%). In conclusion, this systematic review shows that a variety of strategies have been used to screen large numbers of students in educational settings; however, only a few studies have reported CT management outcomes. PMID:24521724

Jamil, Muhammad Shahid; Bauer, Heidi M; Hocking, Jane S; Ali, Hammad; Wand, Handan; Walker, Jennifer; Douglas, Laura; Donovan, Basil; Kaldor, John M; Guy, Rebecca J

2014-03-01

311

Sowing the Seeds of Social Change: The Outcomes and Impact of a Social Action Model of Community Education. Research Report AONTAS 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this report is a companion piece of research to one conducted by AONTAS from 2009-2010 about the outcomes and impact of Department of Education and Skills (DES) funded community education. It answers a call in that research to isolate and investigate the outcomes of community education not wholly funded through DES. This…

Bailey, Natasha; Ward, Mark; Goodrick, Michelle

2011-01-01

312

Adult Outcomes as a Function of an Early Childhood Educational Program: An Abecedarian Project Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Adult (age 30) educational, economic, and social-emotional adjustment outcomes were investigated for participants in the Abecedarian Project, a randomized controlled trial of early childhood education for children from low-income families. Of the original 111 infants enrolled (98% African American), 101 took part in the age-30 follow-up. Primary indicators of educational level, economic status, and social-adjustment were examined as a function of early childhood treatment. Treated individuals attained significantly more years of education, but income-to-needs ratios and criminal involvement did not vary significantly as a function of early treatment. A number of other indicators were described for each domain. Overall, the findings provide strong evidence for educational benefits, mixed evidence for economic benefits and little evidence for social-adjustment outcomes. Implications for public policy are discussed. PMID:22250997

Campbell, Frances A.; Pungello, Elizabeth P.; Kainz, Kirsten; Burchinal, Margaret; Pan, Yi; Wasik, Barbara H.; Barbarin, Oscar; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.

2014-01-01

313

Formal Public Health Education and Career Outcomes of Medical School Graduates  

PubMed Central

Background Few data are available evaluating the associations of formal public health education with long-term career choice and professional outcomes among medical school graduates. The objective of this study was to determine if formal public health education via completion of a masters of public health (MPH) degree among US medical school graduates was associated with early and long-term career choice, professional satisfaction, or research productivity. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study in 1108 physicians (17.1% completed a MPH degree) who had 10–20 years of follow-up post medical school graduation. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results Compared to their counterparts with no MPH, medical school graduates with a MPH were more likely to have completed a generalist primary care residency only [relative risk (RR) 1.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.35–2.29], obtain employment in an academic institution (RR 1.81; 95% CI 1.33–2.37) or government agency (RR 3.26; 95% CI 1.89–5.38), and practice public health (RR 39.84; 95% CI 12.13–107.38) or primary care (RR 1.59; 95% CI 1.18–2.05). Furthermore, medical school graduates with a MPH were more likely to conduct public health research (RR 8.79; 95% CI: 5.20–13.82), receive NIH or other federal funding (RR 3.11, 95% CI 1.74–5.33), have four or more peer-reviewed publications (RR 2.07; 95% CI 1.56–2.60), and have five or more scientific presentations (RR 2.31, 95% CI 1.70–2.98). Conclusion Formal public health education via a MPH was associated with career choice and professional outcomes among physicians. PMID:22745699

Krousel-Wood, Marie; He, Jiang; Booth, Meredith; Chen, Chung-Shiuan; Rice, Janet; Kahn, Marc J.; Maeshiro, Rika; Whelton, Paul K.

2012-01-01

314

Sounds Like Success: A Framework for Equitable Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers have many dilemmas when it comes to assessing a classroom of diverse students. Teachers need to find out what students really know while being fair to all students. They also need to learn how to alter assessments without watering down content. These challenges can be addressed by following five principles for equitable assessment. In this article, the authors describe the "McCes, Sounds Like Success" equity framework. They provide practical examples along with commentary from secondary preservice teachers who participated in a course through which they learned about and applied the framework.

Wissehr, Catherine; Halverson, Kristy; Siegel, Marcelle A.

2008-03-01

315

Outcomes of an intensive couple relationship education program with fragile families.  

PubMed

Couple relationship education (CRE) has been proposed as one means to help fragile families stabilize their relationships. The current research is one of the first studies to look at the outcomes of a CRE program with fragile families in the areas of couple stability and marriage formation. Data were from the Family Formation Project, a federal and state funded program working with fragile family couples (n = 96) in a metropolitan area. A historical cohort control group quasi-experimental research design was used with a matched control group from the Fragile Family and Child Well-being Study. The intervention consisted of in-home education and support, group educational events, and social service referrals. Findings showed that couples had the same rate of couple stability as the control group but an increased rate of marriage. These findings suggest that CRE can help fragile families achieve marriage when that is their goal, but that some fragile families may need more than CRE to help them stabilize their relationship, or they may be better off separating. PMID:24033242

Wilde, Jason L; Doherty, William J

2013-09-01

316

48 CFR 243.204-71 - Certification of requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 243.204-71 Certification of requests for equitable adjustment. (a) A...

2010-10-01

317

Financing equitable TOD in Denver, San Francisco, and the rest of the nation  

E-print Network

Equitable TOD is an integrated approach to community development that links affordable housing production and preservation strategies to regional transportation and economic development planning. This approach has strong ...

Parkhurst, Marcie Elizabeth

2012-01-01

318

Identification of core educational goals and related outcome measures for development of assessment programs in selected schools of allied health.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine important core educational goals and valid, feasible outcome measures to assess the goals in schools of allied health in academic health centers. The study also attempted to identify potential problems associated with using these outcome measures. The population included all allied health deans in public academic health centers accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Questionnaires with Likert scales were designed to gather opinions utilizing the Delphi technique. Deans identified 13 important core educational goals and 84 outcome measures they perceived to be both valid and feasible to assess these goals. Outcome measures that require collection of highly objective data obtained from student or university records were considered most valid and feasible. Problems included inconsistency in definitions of outcomes, lack of appropriate methodology, and costs associated with developing instruments and collecting data. The results of this study indicate that there are a number of common educational goals and valid feasible outcome measures that schools can select to fit their unique needs, but potential problems must be addressed to ensure full and fair representation of the school's performance. PMID:7721648

McKenzie, S B

1994-01-01

319

National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment | 1 nowledge accountability connection self-reflection educate action understand communicate listen learn access quality innovation success ingenuity  

E-print Network

National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment | 1 nowledge accountability connection self curiosity challenge create achievement connection self-reflection educate action understand communicate connection understand communicate listen learn access quality innovation s ngenuity self-reflection educate

Ellis, Randy

320

Personality assessments and outcomes in medical education and the practice of medicine: AMEE Guide No. 79.  

PubMed

In a paradigm of physician performance we propose that both "cognitive" and "noncognitive" components contribute to the performance of physicians-in-training and in-practice. Our review of the relevant literature indicates that personality, as an important factor of the "noncognitive" component, plays a significant role in academic and professional performances. We describe findings on 14 selected personality instruments in predicting academic and professional performances. We question the contention that personality can be validly and reliably assessed from admission interviews, letters of recommendation, essays, and personal statements. Based on conceptual relevance and currently available empirical evidence, we propose that personality attributes such as conscientiousness and empathy should be considered among the measures of choice for the assessment of pertinent aspects of personality in academic and professional performance. Further exploration is needed to search for additional personality attributes pertinent to medical education and patient care. Implications for career counseling, assessments of professional development and medical education outcomes, and potential use as supplementary information for admission decisions are discussed. PMID:23614402

Hojat, Mohammadreza; Erdmann, James B; Gonnella, Joseph S

2013-07-01

321

20 CFR 404.734 - Evidence you are an equitably adopted child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. 404.734 Section 404.734 Employees...INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.734 Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. In many States, the law will...

2011-04-01

322

20 CFR 404.734 - Evidence you are an equitably adopted child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. 404.734 Section 404.734 Employees...INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.734 Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. In many States, the law will...

2013-04-01

323

20 CFR 404.734 - Evidence you are an equitably adopted child.  

... Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. 404.734 Section 404.734 Employees...INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.734 Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. In many States, the law will...

2014-04-01

324

Pre-Service Physical Education Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Technology Integration Self-Efficacy and Instructional Technology Outcome Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to (1) identify the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK), Technology Integration Self Efficacy (TISE) and Instructional Technology Outcome Expectations (ITOE) of pre-service physical education teachers, (2) examine the relationships among TPACK, TISE and ITOE, and lastly (3) examine the differences…

Semiz, Kivanc; Ince, Mustafa Levent

2012-01-01

325

Development and Evaluation of a Curriculum to Improve Educational and Career Outcomes for High School Girls with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the national focus on improving transition services and post-school outcomes, many young women with disabilities still face significant barriers in obtaining meaningful employment and pursuing postsecondary education or training. Although recent reports indicate that the gender gap in employment rates may be diminishing, in this same…

Doren, Bonnie; Lombardi, Allison; Lindstrom, Lauren; Gau, Jeff

2012-01-01

326

Multiple Goals in a Hong Kong Chinese Educational Context: An Investigation of Developmental Trends and Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social goals have also been proposed as important additions to mastery and performance goals in educational contexts, particularly in non-Western cultures but no study has yet tested the possibility that such goals can also combine with mastery and performance goals leading to superior learning outcomes. Longitudinal studies are also rare in this…

Watkins, David; Hattie, John

2012-01-01

327

Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies across Countries and of Schools within Countries. NBER Working Paper No. 16293  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the variation in educational outcomes across and within countries using the TIMSS mathematics tests. It documents the wide cross-country variation in the level and dispersion of test scores. Countries with the highest test scores are those with the least inequality in scores, which suggests a "virtuous" equity-efficiency…

Freeman, Richard B.; Machin, Stephen; Viarengo, Martina

2010-01-01

328

The ACT College Outcome Measurement Project: A New Tool for Summative Evaluation of Nontraditional Postsecondary Education Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American College Testing Program (ACT) developed tests as a result of the College Outcome Measures Project (COMP). These instruments were intended for evaluation of nontraditional and traditional postsecondary education programs. They measure skills rather than information. The study was designed to check on several aspects of use of the COMP…

Ward, Eric F.; Pringle, Robert A.

329

Proficiency in Basic Educational Skills as Related to Program Outcome and Escape Risk among Juvenile Offenders in Residential Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of basic educational skills in Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension and Math to program outcome and escape risk among male juvenile offenders in residential care. The records of 144 youth who were treated in a residential treatment center between 1978 and 1996 were reviewed along with subsequent adult and juvenile…

McMackin, Robert A.; Tansi, Robert; Hartwell, Stephanie

2005-01-01

330

"You Want the Best for Your Kids": Improving Educational Outcomes for Children Living in Poverty through Parental Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Existing evidence suggests a relationship between family social contexts, family relationships and interactions, children's social and cognitive development and educational outcomes. Interventions that assist families in relation to parenting and supporting children's development can have positive effects on both…

Sime, Daniela; Sheridan, Marion

2014-01-01

331

Effects of the 2003 Quality Reform on Gender Gaps in Student Learning Outcomes in Norwegian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Norwegian higher educational system was reformed. The reform, known as the 2003 Quality Reform, introduced changes in the teaching model and student assessment. The authors wished to study how these changes affected male and female students. Therefore, they addressed student learning outcomes, measured through examination results,…

Lehre, Anne-Catherine; Hansen, Arvid; Lehre, Knut Petter; Laake, Petter

2014-01-01

332

Cohorts and Relatedness: Self-Determination Theory as an Explanation of How Learning Communities Affect Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether feelings of relatedness constitute a substantial means by which learning communities (cohorts) improve learning outcomes in higher education. It applies Ryan and Deci's Self-Determination Theory to an analysis of the National Survey of Student Engagement. The SDT hypothesizes that environments that support perceptions…

Beachboard, Martine Robinson; Beachboard, John C.; Li, Wenling; Adkison, Stephen R.

2011-01-01

333

Does a Nexus Exist Between the Work of Administrators and Student Outcomes in Higher Education?: An Answer from a Systematic Review of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Journal articles within the field of higher education that focus on college and university administrators, have for the most part, examined topics such as leadership, governance, and institutional effectiveness. Recently, internal and external critics have questioned the ability of college and universities to impact educational outcomes, more specifically student outcomes. In this regard, this study sought to examine how the

Jerlando F. L. Jackson; Kimberly S. Kile

2004-01-01

334

Physical Education Resources, Class Management, and Student Physical Activity Levels: A Structure-Process-Outcome Approach to Evaluating Physical Education Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study was conducted to empirically evaluate specific human, curricular, and material resources that maximize student opportunities for physical activity during physical education (PE) class time. A structure-process-outcome model was proposed to identify the resources that influence the frequency of PE and intensity of physical…

Bevans, Katherine B.; Fitzpatrick, Leslie-Anne; Sanchez, Betty M.; Riley, Anne W.; Forrest, Christopher

2010-01-01

335

The Human Anatomy Teacher-Scholar: Meeting the Expectations of Educational Outcomes Research, Course Content Innovation, and Textbook Innovation for Educational Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to…

Eckel, Christine Marie

2009-01-01

336

Equitable Written Assessments for English Language Learners: How Scaffolding Helps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the effects of the use of scaffolds in written classroom assessments through the voices of both native English speakers and English language learners from two middle schools. Students responded to assessment tasks in writing, by speaking aloud using think aloud protocols, and by reflecting in a post-assessment interview. The classroom assessment tasks were designed to engage students in scientific sense making and multifaceted language use, as recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards. Data analyses showed that both groups benefitted from the use of scaffolds. The findings revealed specific ways that modifications were supportive in helping students to comprehend, visualize and organize thinking, and elicit responses. This study offers a model for both sensitizing teachers and strengthening their strategies for scaffolding assessments equitably.

Siegel, Marcelle A.; Menon, Deepika; Sinha, Somnath; Promyod, Nattida; Wissehr, Cathy; Halverson, Kristy L.

2014-10-01

337

Equitable Written Assessments for English Language Learners: How Scaffolding Helps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the effects of the use of scaffolds in written classroom assessments through the voices of both native English speakers and English language learners from two middle schools. Students responded to assessment tasks in writing, by speaking aloud using think aloud protocols, and by reflecting in a post-assessment interview. The classroom assessment tasks were designed to engage students in scientific sense making and multifaceted language use, as recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards. Data analyses showed that both groups benefitted from the use of scaffolds. The findings revealed specific ways that modifications were supportive in helping students to comprehend, visualize and organize thinking, and elicit responses. This study offers a model for both sensitizing teachers and strengthening their strategies for scaffolding assessments equitably.

Siegel, Marcelle A.; Menon, Deepika; Sinha, Somnath; Promyod, Nattida; Wissehr, Cathy; Halverson, Kristy L.

2014-09-01

338

Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable, and enduring social bonds  

PubMed Central

Analyses of the pattern of associations, social interactions, coalitions, and aggression among chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) in the Okavango Delta of Botswana over a 16-year period indicate that adult females form close, equitable, supportive, and enduring social relationships. They show strong and stable preferences for close kin, particularly their own mothers and daughters. Females also form strong attachments to unrelated females who are close to their own age and who are likely to be paternal half-sisters. Although absolute rates of aggression among kin are as high as rates of aggression among nonkin, females are more tolerant of close relatives than they are of others with whom they have comparable amounts of contact. These findings complement previous work which indicates that the strength of social bonds enhances the fitness of females in this population and support findings about the structure and function of social bonds in other primate groups. PMID:20976293

Beehner, Jacinta C.; Bergman, Thore J.; Crockford, Catherine; Engh, Anne L.; Moscovice, Liza R.; Wittig, Roman M.; Seyfarth, Robert M.; Cheney, Dorothy L.

2010-01-01

339

Connecting resident education to patient outcomes: the evolution of a quality improvement curriculum in an internal medicine residency.  

PubMed

As part of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Next Accreditation System, residency programs must connect resident-physician education to improved patient care outcomes. Residency training programs, however, face multiple obstacles in doing so. Results from residency quality improvement (QI) curricula tend to show improvement in simple process-based measures but not in more complex outcomes of care such as diabetes or blood pressure control. In this article, the authors describe the evolution of their QI educational program for internal medicine residents at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center within the structure of a novel training model called the Ambulatory Long Block. They discuss a resident-run project that led to reduced rates of patients with uncontrolled diabetes as an example of improvement in outcome measures. Despite favorable results from that particular resident group, the successful intervention did not spread practice-wide. Using this example, they detail the phases of evolution and lessons learned from their curriculum from 2006 to 2014 within a framework of previously published general principles for successful QI education, including those of exemplary care and learning sites. Successful programs require leadership, faculty expertise and mentorship, data management, learner buy-in, and patient engagement. Their experience will hopefully be of help to others as they attempt to simultaneously improve care and education. Further research and innovation are needed in this area, including optimizing strategies for strengthening resident-driven projects through partnership with nursing, allied health, and longitudinally engaged faculty members. PMID:25054419

Zafar, Muhammad A; Diers, Tiffiny; Schauer, Daniel P; Warm, Eric J

2014-10-01

340

Do Typical RCTs of Education Interventions Have Sufficient Statistical Power for Linking Impacts on Teacher Practice and Student Achievement Outcomes? Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

For randomized control trials (RCTs) of education interventions, it is often of interest to estimate associations between student and mediating teacher practice outcomes, to examine the extent to which a study’s conceptual model is supported by data, and to identify mediators most associated with student learning. This paper develops statistical power formulas for such exploratory analyses under clustered school-based RCTs

Peter Z. Schochet

2009-01-01

341

The human anatomy teacher-scholar: Meeting the expectations of educational outcomes research, course content innovation, and textbook innovation for educational scholarship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to become a human anatomy teacher-scholar. These projects included: (1) prospectively testing a hypothesis, and performing outcomes assessment in a field for which little data (theory) exist (dissection guide educational research project), (2) creating innovative course content that bridged disciplines (cadaver autopsy project), and (3) composing original teaching material for a specific audience (human anatomy laboratory manual). The training of a human anatomy teacher-scholar emphasizes knowledge acquisition in both the basic sciences (particularly gross anatomy) and in educational outcomes research methodology and theory. Therefore, human anatomy teacher-scholars are positioned to create innovative course content and materials and assess the innovations to guide future efforts. These are important skills for faculty members involved in the education of medical students in the U.S. as the medical education system in the U.S. continues to evolve.

Eckel, Christine Marie

342

The effect of neighborhood socioeconomic status on education and health outcomes for children living in social housing.  

PubMed

Objectives. We explored differences in health and education outcomes between children living in social housing and not, and effects of social housing's neighborhood socioeconomic status. Methods. In this cohort study, we used the population-based repository of administrative data at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. We included children aged 0 to 19 years in Winnipeg, Manitoba, in fiscal years 2006-2007 to 2008-2009 (n?=?13?238 social housing; n?=?174?017 others). We examined 5 outcomes: age-2 complete immunization, a school-readiness measure, adolescent pregnancy (ages 15-19 years), grade-9 completion, and high-school completion. Logistic regression and generalized estimating equation modeling generated rates. We derived neighborhood income quintiles (Q1 lowest, Q5 highest) from average household income census data. Results. Children in social housing fared worse than comparative children within each neighborhood income quintile. When we compared children in social housing by quintile, preschool indicators (immunization and school readiness) were similar, but adolescent outcomes (grade-9 and high-school completion, adolescent pregnancy) were better in Q3 to Q5. Conclusions. Children in social housing had poorer health and education outcomes than all others, but living in social housing in wealthier areas was associated with better adolescent outcomes. PMID:25211758

Martens, Patricia J; Chateau, Daniel G; Burland, Elaine M J; Finlayson, Gregory S; Smith, Mark J; Taylor, Carole R; Brownell, Marni D; Nickel, Nathan C; Katz, Alan; Bolton, James M

2014-11-01

343

34 CFR 300.138 - Equitable services provided.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State...entity. (2) Special education and related services provided...parentally-placed private school children with disabilities,...

2010-07-01

344

An equitable way to pay for universal coverage.  

PubMed

This article describes a way to finance universal health care coverage that preserves much of the current financing system and replaces funds obtained from regressive sources with revenue from more progressive ones. New funding would be needed for 24 percent of health expenditures and would be raised through an increase in the federal personal income tax. Premiums are eliminated since their cost is the same to everyone regardless of income. Cost sharing and out-of-pocket spending for medically necessary services are also abolished. In a more equitably financed system, employers would pay a new payroll tax that raised the same amount of money they currently spend for employee health insurance premiums; this would require a payroll tax of about 7 percent. Revenue from an increase in federal personal income taxes would replace household out-of-pocket expenditures for medically necessary services and payments for insurance premiums. For the average, middle-income family, the tax increase would total $731 in 1998. In exchange for the tax increase, no American or American employer would need to buy health insurance or face out-of-pocket charges for any medically indicated health care. PMID:10079403

Rasell, E

1999-01-01

345

Demand for Education and Labor Market Outcomes: Lessons from the Abolition of Compulsory Conscription in France  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before 1997, education was a way for young French men to avoid military service in the army. After the abolition of compulsory conscription in 1997, this incentive to stay on in education disappeared. We show that the decrease in the benefit of pursuing education for men was followed by a fall in their educational achievement relative to women and…

Maurin, Eric; Xenogiani, Theodora

2007-01-01

346

Ways of Knowing, Outcomes and "Comparative Education": Be Careful What You Pray For  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparative education as a field of study in universities (and "comparative education" as practised by nineteenth-century administrators of education in Canada, England, France and the USA) has always addressed the theme of "transfer": that is, the movement of educational ideas, principles and practices, and institutions and…

Cowen, Robert

2014-01-01

347

Learning from Comparing: New Directions in Comparative Educational Research. Volume 1: Contexts, Classrooms and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reassesses the contributions of comparative educational research and theory to the understanding of contemporary educational problems and educators' capacity to solve them. The chapters arose from a series of seminars that examined the many changes in comparative education. The volume is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Comparative…

Alexander, Robin, Ed.; Broadfoot, Patricia, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

348

48 CFR 1352.271-85 - Documentation of requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...271-85 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1352.271-85 Documentation of requests for equitable...

2011-10-01

349

48 CFR 1352.271-85 - Documentation of requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...271-85 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1352.271-85 Documentation of requests for equitable...

2013-10-01

350

48 CFR 1352.271-85 - Documentation of requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...271-85 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 1352.271-85 Documentation of requests for equitable...

2012-10-01

351

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...benefits as an equitably adopted child if the insured had agreed to adopt you as his or her child but the adoption did not occur. The...you would be able to inherit a child's share of the insured's personal...

2013-04-01

352

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...benefits as an equitably adopted child if the insured had agreed to adopt you as his or her child but the adoption did not occur. The...you would be able to inherit a child's share of the insured's personal...

2012-04-01

353

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...benefits as an equitably adopted child if the insured had agreed to adopt you as his or her child but the adoption did not occur. The...you would be able to inherit a child's share of the insured's personal...

2011-04-01

354

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benefits as an equitably adopted child if the insured had agreed to adopt you as his or her child but the adoption did not occur. The...you would be able to inherit a child's share of the insured's personal...

2010-04-01

355

77 FR 47070 - Withdrawal of the Commission Policy Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies in Competition Cases  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION Withdrawal of the Commission Policy Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies...ACTION: Notice of withdrawal of Commission policy statement...the Federal Trade Commission issued a Policy Statement on Monetary Remedies in...

2012-08-07

356

Race/Ethnicity, Education, and Treatment Parameters as Moderators and Predictors of Outcome in Binge Eating Disorder  

PubMed Central

Objective Binge eating disorder (BED) is prevalent among individuals from minority racial/ethnic groups and among individuals with lower levels of education, yet the efficacy of psychosocial treatments for these groups has not been examined in adequately powered analyses. This study investigated the relative variance in treatment retention and post-treatment symptom levels accounted for by demographic, clinical, and treatment variables as moderators and predictors of outcome. Method Data were aggregated from eleven randomized, controlled trials of psychosocial treatments for BED conducted at treatment sites across the United States. Participants were N = 1,073 individuals meeting criteria for BED including n = 946 Caucasian, n = 79 African American, and n = 48 Hispanic/Latino participants. Approximately 86% had some higher education; 85% were female. Multi-level regression analyses examined moderators and predictors of treatment retention, Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) global score, frequency of objective bulimic episodes (OBEs), and OBE remission. Results Moderator analyses of race/ethnicity and education were non-significant. Predictor analyses revealed African Americans were more likely to drop out of treatment than Caucasians, and lower level of education predicted greater post-treatment OBEs. African Americans showed a small but significantly greater reduction in EDE global score relative to Caucasians. Self-help treatment administered in a group showed negative outcomes relative to other treatment types, and longer treatment was associated with better outcome. Conclusions Observed lower treatment retention among African Americans and lesser treatment effects for individuals with lower levels of educational attainment are serious issues requiring attention. Reduced benefit was observed for shorter treatment length and self-help administered in groups. PMID:23647283

Thompson-Brenner, Heather; Franko, Debra L.; Thompson, Douglas R.; Grilo, Carlos M.; Boisseau, Christina L.; Roehrig, James P.; Richards, Lauren K.; Bryson, Susan W.; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Crow, Scott J.; Devlin, Michael J.; Gorin, Amy A.; Kristeller, Jean L.; Masheb, Robin; Mitchell, James E.; Peterson, Carol B.; Safer, Debra L.; Striegel, Ruth H.; Wilfley, Denise E.; Wilson, G. Terence

2014-01-01

357

Nonmarket outcomes of schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of the benefits of education focus on market outcomes, particularly labor market returns. But the rewards of education are not limited to success at finding a job and earning money; schooling also affects nonmarket outcomes, such as one's health and the cognitive development of one's children. The authors discuss several nonmarket outcomes of education that have been confirmed

Barbara Wolfe; S. Zuvekas

358

Employment and Educational Equivalence Outcomes as Measures of Employment and Career Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Canada, government departments and other funders of services tend to view change in employment status as the primary indicator of success in career and employment counselling. If a client becomes employed, the counselling is viewed as successful, while all other outcomes are viewed as failures. We advance the idea that many other outcomes, such…

Conger, Stuart; Hiebert, Bryan

2007-01-01

359

The Association between Rural-Urban Continuum, Maternal Education and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Quebec, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Rural relative to urban area and low socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Whether a graded association of increasing magnitude is present across the urban-rural continuum, accounting for SES, is unclear. We examined the association between rural-urban continuum, SES and adverse birth outcomes. Methods:…

Auger, Nathalie; Authier, Marie-Andree; Martinez, Jerome; Daniel, Mark

2009-01-01

360

Indicators for Improving Educational, Employment, and Economic Outcomes for Youth and Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A National Report on Existing Data Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes available national data on educational, employment and economic outcomes for youth and young adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) over the years 2000-2010. These data can be used to benchmark progress in improving these outcomes for young adult population across the country and within individual states. Data is…

Sulewski, Jennifer Sullivan; Zalewska, Agnes; Butterworth, John

2012-01-01

361

An Exploratory Investigation of the Assessment Practices of Selected Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business--Accredited Business Programs and Linkages with General Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study investigated the assessment practices of five different undergraduate business programs. It examines the learning outcomes required for the business programs and their linkages with general education outcomes. Specific assessment methods, the results from assessments, and how business program faculty use assessment findings to…

Vitullo, Elizabeth; Jones, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

362

An alternative assessment to higher education outcomes: Differentiating by institutional type  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose higher education, and community colleges in particular, be evaluated not solely on their functional merits, but on their value in promoting, what Dewey (1966) called an “active citizenry.” Rather than considering only how well higher education meets the needs of democratic capitalism, we investigate alternative methods of assessing the contribution of higher education to the

Ken Kempner; Craig Taylor

1998-01-01

363

Effect of providing free glasses on children's educational outcomes in China: cluster randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the effect of provision of free glasses on academic performance in rural Chinese children with myopia. Design Cluster randomized, investigator masked, controlled trial. Setting 252 primary schools in two prefectures in western China, 2012-13. Participants 3177 of 19?934 children in fourth and fifth grades (mean age 10.5 years) with visual acuity <6/12 in either eye without glasses correctable to >6/12 with glasses. 3052 (96.0%) completed the study. Interventions Children were randomized by school (84 schools per arm) to one of three interventions at the beginning of the school year: prescription for glasses only (control group), vouchers for free glasses at a local facility, or free glasses provided in class. Main outcome measures Spectacle wear at endline examination and end of year score on a specially designed mathematics test, adjusted for baseline score and expressed in standard deviations. Results Among 3177 eligible children, 1036 (32.6%) were randomized to control, 988 (31.1%) to vouchers, and 1153 (36.3%) to free glasses in class. All eligible children would benefit from glasses, but only 15% wore them at baseline. At closeout glasses wear was 41% (observed) and 68% (self reported) in the free glasses group, and 26% (observed) and 37% (self reported) in the controls. Effect on test score was 0.11 SD (95% confidence interval 0.01 to 0.21) when the free glasses group was compared with the control group. The adjusted effect of providing free glasses (0.10, 0.002 to 0.19) was greater than parental education (0.03, ?0.04 to 0.09) or family wealth (0.01, ?0.06 to 0.08). This difference between groups was significant, but was smaller than the prespecified 0.20 SD difference that the study was powered to detect. Conclusions The provision of free glasses to Chinese children with myopia improves children’s performance on mathematics testing to a statistically significant degree, despite imperfect compliance, although the observed difference between groups was smaller than the study was originally designed to detect. Myopia is common and rarely corrected in this setting. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN03252665. PMID:25249453

Yi, Hongmei; Pang, Xiaopeng; Shi, Yaojiang; Chen, Qianyun; Meltzer, Mirjam E; le Cessie, Saskia; He, Mingguang; Rozelle, Scott; Liu, Yizhi

2014-01-01

364

An educational approach to improve outcomes in acute kidney injury (AKI): report of a quality improvement project  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the impact of a quality improvement project that used a multifaceted educational intervention on how to improve clinician's knowledge, confidence and awareness of acute kidney injury (AKI). Setting 2 large acute teaching hospitals in England, serving a combined population of over 1.5 million people. Participants All secondary care clinicians working in the clinical areas were targeted, with a specific focus on clinicians working in acute admission areas. Interventions A multifaceted educational intervention consisting of traditional didactic lectures, case-based teaching in small groups and an interactive web-based learning resource. Outcome measures We assessed clinicians’ knowledge of AKI and their self-reported clinical behaviour using an interactive questionnaire before and after the educational intervention. Secondary outcome measures included clinical audit of patient notes before and after the intervention. Results 26% of clinicians reported that they were aware of local AKI guidelines in the preintervention questionnaire compared to 64% in the follow-up questionnaire (?²=60.2, p<0.001). There was an improvement in the number of clinicians reporting satisfactory practice when diagnosing AKI, 50% vs 68% (?²=12.1, p<0.001) and investigating patients with AKI, 48% vs 64% (?²=9.5, p=0.002). Clinical audit makers showed a trend towards better clinical practice. Conclusions This quality improvement project utilising a multifaceted educational intervention improved awareness of AKI as demonstrated by changes in the clinician's self-reported management of patients with AKI. Elements of the project have been sustained beyond the project period, and demonstrate the power of quality improvement projects to help initiate changes in practice. Our findings are limited by confounding factors and highlight the need to carry out formal randomised studies to determine the impact of educational initiatives in the clinical setting. PMID:24650804

Xu, Gang; Baines, Richard; Westacott, Rachel; Selby, Nick; Carr, Susan

2014-01-01

365

Review of prospective longitudinal studies of children with ADHD: Mental health, educational, and social outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder of childhood, resulting in\\u000a impairments in academic, mental health, and functional domains. Whereas the short-term effects of ADHD are well documented,\\u000a much less is understood about the adolescent and adult outcomes of children diagnosed with ADHD. This article attempts to\\u000a increase understanding of these outcomes by providing an integrated summary of

Emma Sciberras; Leslie E. Roos; Daryl Efron

2009-01-01

366

Understanding the determinants of the complex interplay between cost-effectiveness and equitable impact in maternal and child mortality reduction  

PubMed Central

Background One of the most unexpected outcomes arising from the efforts towards maternal and child mortality reduction is that all too often the objective success has been coupled with increased inequity in the population. The aim of this study is to analyze the determinants of the complex interplay between cost-effectiveness and equity and suggest strategies that will promote an impact on mortality that reduce population child health inequities. Methods We developed a conceptual framework that exposes the nature of the links between the five key determinants that need to be taken into account when planning equitable impact. These determinants are: (i) efficiency of intervention scale-up (requires knowledge of differential increase in cost of intervention scale-up by equity strata in the population); (ii) effectiveness of intervention (requires understanding of differential effectiveness of interventions by equity strata in the population); (iii) the impact on mortality (requires knowledge of differential mortality levels by equity strata, and understanding the differences in cause composition of overall mortality in different equity strata); (iv) cost-effectiveness (compares the initial cost and the resulting impact on mortality); (v) equity structure of the population. The framework is presented visually as a four-quadrant graph. Results We use the proposed framework to demonstrate why the relationship between cost-effectiveness and equitable impact of an intervention cannot be intuitively predicted or easily planned. The relationships between the five determinants are complex, often nonlinear, context-specific and intervention-specific. We demonstrate that there will be instances when an equity-promoting approach, ie, trying to reach for the poorest and excluded in the population with health interventions, will also be the most cost-effective approach. However, there will be cases in which this will be entirely unfeasible, and where equity-neutral or even inequity-promoting approaches may be substantially more cost-effective. In those cases, investments into health system development among the poorest that would increase the quality and reduce the cost of intervention delivery would be required before intervention scale-up is planned. Conclusions The relationships between the most important determinants of cost-effectiveness and equitable impact of health interventions used to reduce maternal and child mortality are highly complex, and the effect on equity cannot be predicted intuitively, or by using simple linear models. PMID:23198135

Chopra, Mickey; Campbell, Harry; Rudan, Igor

2012-01-01

367

The development and validation of the Self-Efficacy Beliefs about Equitable Science Teaching and learning instrument for prospective elementary teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop, validate and establish the reliability of an instrument to assess the self-efficacy beliefs of prospective elementary teachers with regards to science teaching and learning for diverse learners. The study used Bandura's theoretical framework, in that the instrument would use the self-efficacy construct to explore the beliefs of prospective elementary science teachers with regards to science teaching and learning to diverse learners: specifically the two dimensions of self-efficacy beliefs defined by Bandura (1977): personal self-efficacy and outcome expectancy. A seven step plan was designed and followed in the process of developing the instrument, which was titled the Self-Efficacy Beliefs about Equitable Science Teaching or SEBEST. Diverse learners as recognized by Science for All Americans (1989) are "those who in the past who have largely been bypassed in science and mathematics education: ethnic and language minorities and girls" (p. xviii). That definition was extended by this researcher to include children from low socioeconomic backgrounds based on the research by Gomez and Tabachnick (1992). The SEBEST was administered to 226 prospective elementary teachers at The Pennsylvania State University. Using the results from factor analyses, Coefficient Alpha, and Chi-Square a 34 item instrument was found to achieve the greatest balance across the construct validity, reliability and item balance with the content matrix. The 34 item SEBEST was found to load purely on four factors across the content matrix thus providing evidence construct validity. The Coefficient Alpha reliability for the 34 item SEBEST was .90 and .82 for the PSE sub-scale and .78 for the OE sub-scale. A Chi-Square test (X2 = 2.7 1, df = 7, p > .05) was used to confirm that the 34 items were balanced across the Personal Self-Efficacy/Outcome Expectancy and Ethnicity/LanguageMinority/Gender Socioeconomic Status/dimensions of the content matrix. Based on the standardized development procedures used and the associated evidence, the SEBEST appears to be a content and construct valid instrument, with high internal reliability and moderate test-retest reliability qualities, for use with prospective elementary teachers to assess self-efficacy beliefs for teaching and learning science for diverse learners.

Ritter, Jennifer M.

1999-12-01

368

Development of a peer review system using patient records for outcome evaluation of medical education: reliability analysis.  

PubMed

In addition to input evaluation (education delivered at school) and output evaluation (students' capability at graduation), the methods for outcome evaluation (performance after graduation) of medical education need to be established. One approach is a review of medical records, which, however, has been met with difficulties because of poor inter-rater reliability. Here, we attempted to develop a peer review system of medical records with high inter-rater reliability. We randomly selected 112 patients (and finally selected 110 after removing two ineligible patients) who visited (and were hospitalized in) one of the four general hospitals in the Tohoku region of Japan between 2008 and 2012. Four reviewers, who were well-trained general internists from outside the Tohoku region, visited the hospitals independently and evaluated outpatient medical records based on an evaluation sheet that consisted of 14 items (3-point scale) for record keeping and 15 items (5-point scale) for quality of care. The mean total score was 84.1 ± 7.7. Cronbach's alpha for these items was 0.798. Single measure and average measure intraclass correlations for the reviewers were 0.733 (95% confidence interval: 0.720-0.745) and 0.917 (95% confidence interval: 0.912-0.921), respectively. An exploratory factor analysis revealed six factors: history taking, physical examination, clinical reasoning, management and outcome, rhetoric, and patient relationship. In conclusion, we have developed a peer review system of medical records with high inter-rater reliability, which may enable us, with further validity analysis, to measure quality of patient care as an outcome evaluation of medical education in the future. PMID:25008553

Kameoka, Junichi; Okubo, Tomoya; Koguma, Emi; Takahashi, Fumie; Ishii, Seiichi; Kanatsuka, Hiroshi

2014-01-01

369

"Many Are Called, but Few Are Chosen": The Role of Spirituality and Religion in the Educational Outcomes of "Chosen" African American Male Mathematics Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational outcomes of African American male students have been explored by several scholars. What has been lacking, however, is an examination of the role of spirituality and religion as it pertains to the educational experiences of African American male students, especially those who have been successful along the mathematics continuum. In…

Jett, Christopher C.

2010-01-01

370

Competency Profile Development for the (Supervisory) Management Curriculum. Marketing Education Teacher's Resource Guide. Competency Listing, Expected Student Learning Outcomes and Cross-Referenced Instructional Materials by Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for the marketing education teacher provides a competency listing, expected student learning outcomes, and cross-referenced instructional materials by competencies for supervisory management. The first section discusses 1991 revisions to the Missouri marketing education core curriculum for supervisory management. The processes…

Smith, Clifton L.

371

Undergraduate Learning Outcomes for the 21st Century and Associated Practices: The Case of the College of Education at King Faisal University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focuses on higher education practices associated with learning outcomes for the 21st century, and the degree of their applications in the College of Education at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. The findings show that most of these practices are not implemented or are being administered at a low level. Accordingly, the study calls…

Al-arfaj, Maher M.

2011-01-01

372

Challenging Preservice Teacher Perspectives: Immigration, Equitable Opportunity, and Advocacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conceptual article, I use five questions that were posed in 1936 about immigration and the education of immigrant children as a lens to examine contemporary perspectives on immigration and the education of immigrant children. Dispelling myths about immigrant students and English learners has been a consistent concern in our country. These…

Nino, Mary Catherine

2012-01-01

373

Factors, Processes and Outcomes of Early Immersion Education in the Francophone Community in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Belgium is characterized by a widespread consensus that a functional proficiency in the two major national languages, Dutch and French, as well as in English is desirable, educational provision to achieve such proficiency has long been constrained by an official language policy which mandates that education must be monolingual in Dutch,…

Buyl, Aafke; Housen, Alex

2014-01-01

374

Three-Year Outcomes for Positively and Negatively Discharged EBD Students from Nonpublic Special Education Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents results from a study initiated by a consortium of non-public special education facilities to respond to issues of accountability. Research questions were (a) How do students from the most restrictive therapeutic non-public special education facilities compare with other nationally published studies?; and (b) How do positive and…

Carran, Deborah; Kerins, Marie; Murray, Susan

2005-01-01

375

Can Outcome-Based Continuing Medical Education Improve Performance of Immigrant Physicians?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Immigrant physicians are a valued resource for physician workforces in many countries. Few studies have explored the education and training needs of immigrant physicians and ways to facilitate their integration into the health care system in which they work. Using an educational program developed for immigrant civilian physicians…

Castel, Orit Cohen; Ezra, Vered; Alperin, Mordechai; Nave, Rachel; Porat, Tamar; Golan, Avivit Cohen; Vinker, Shlomo; Karkabi, Khaled

2011-01-01

376

Using Mobile Phones to Improve Educational Outcomes: An Analysis of Evidence from Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite improvements in educational indicators, such as enrolment, significant challenges remain with regard to the delivery of quality education in developing countries, particularly in rural and remote regions. In the attempt to find viable solutions to these challenges, much hope has been placed in new information and communication technologies…

Valk, John-Harmen; Rashid, Ahmed T.; Elder, Laurent

2010-01-01

377

Evaluation of Learning Outcomes Using an Educational iPhone Game vs. Traditional Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present an initial study to determine the subject preferences for educational computer games for children, in which 150 education professionals participated. From the results of this first study, we have developed an iPhone game for transmitting knowledge as part of multiculturalism, solidarity and tolerance following established…

Furio, David; Gonzalez-Gancedo, Santiago; Juan, M.-Carmen; Segui, Ignacio; Rando, Noemi

2013-01-01

378

Social Outcomes of Students Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing in General Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with hearing loss attending general education classrooms have been reported to experience difficulties in social skills and relationships. This 5-year longitudinal study examined the social skills and problem behaviors of students who were deaf or hard of hearing, and who attended general education classrooms. Data were obtained from…

Antia, Shirin D.; Jones, Patricia; Luckner, John; Kreimeyer, Kathryn H.; Reed, Susanne

2011-01-01

379

An active-learning strategies primer for achieving ability-based educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Active learning is an important component of pharmacy education. By engaging students in the learning process, they are better able to apply the knowledge they gain. This paper describes evidence supporting the use of active-learning strategies in pharmacy education and also offers strategies for implementing active learning in pharmacy curricula in the classroom and during pharmacy practice experiences. PMID:22171114

Gleason, Brenda L; Peeters, Michael J; Resman-Targoff, Beth H; Karr, Samantha; McBane, Sarah; Kelley, Kristi; Thomas, Tyan; Denetclaw, Tina H

2011-11-10

380

Employer Engagement in British Secondary Education: Wage Earning Outcomes Experienced by Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2004, the devolved education systems of England, Scotland and Wales have introduced initiatives to increase contact between employers and young people, particularly aged 14-19, as a supplementary, co-curricular activity within mainstream education. The initiatives are motivated partly to increase wage-earning potential but studies to date…

Mann, Anthony; Percy, Christian

2014-01-01

381

Implicit, Stand-Alone or Integrated Skills Education for Undergraduates: A Longitudinal Analysis of Programme Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a longitudinal investigation into the effectiveness of skills education programmes within business and management undergraduate degree courses. During the period between 2005 and 2011, a large business school in the south-west of England was developed and implemented two distinct approaches to skills education.…

MacVaugh, Jason; Jones, Anna; Auty, Stephanie

2014-01-01

382

Measuring Learning Outcomes in Higher Education. ETS R&D Connections. Number 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college tuitions and fees continue to grow, students, parents and public policymakers are interested in understanding how public universities operate and whether their investments are well-utilized. Accountability in public higher education has come into focus following the attention accountability has received in K-12 education. Against this…

Liu, Ou Lydia

2009-01-01

383

Toward Effective Public School Programs for Deaf Students: Context, Process, and Outcomes. Special Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book's aim is to define and clarify the issues involved in the education of deaf and hard of hearing children in local public schools, to bring to light the accumulating research in this area, and to recommend actions for organizing effective educational programs. The book offers a perspective on the current confusion in the field of deaf…

Kluwin, Thomas N., Ed.; And Others

384

Physical Education and Sport in Schools: A Review of Benefits and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the scientific evidence that has been gathered on the contributions and benefits of physical education and sport (PES) in schools for both children and for educational systems. Research evidence is presented in terms of children's development in a number of domains: physical, lifestyle, affective, social, and cognitive. The review suggests that PES have the potential to make

Richard Bailey

2006-01-01

385

Defining and assessing competence: the distraction of outcomes and the importance of educational process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of competence is in common usage in various areas of education and training at present, and it is evident from these different usages that it has a variety of meanings. These meanings are explored, with particular attention being paid to the increasing influence of the National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) initiative and the rise of vocational education. It is

Frank Milligan

1998-01-01

386

Science in the Maori-Medium Curriculum: Assessment of Policy Outcomes in Putaiao Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second research paper on science education in Maori-medium school contexts complements an earlier article published in this journal (Stewart, 2005). Science and science education are related domains in society and in state schooling in which there have always been particularly large discrepancies in participation and achievement by Maori. In…

Stewart, Georgina

2011-01-01

387

Improving the Outcomes of Science Education for the Pacific Northwest. Science and Mathematics Initiatives. Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents an effort to stimulate regional discussion and delineate issues of relevance for educators concerned with science education in the Pacific Northwest. It suggests topics of inquiry germane to the context of national initiatives and regional, state, and local challenges. Information is needed to understand "where we are" in…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

388

Cost Sharing in Higher Education in Kenya: Examining the Undesired Policy Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cost sharing in higher education is a policy that comes from the United States. The policy advocates that costs of higher education should be shared between the government, parents, students and/or donor organizations. Proponents of the policy (such as the World Bank) have over the years been advocating for its implementation in African countries.…

Ngolovoi, Mary S.

2010-01-01

389

Physical Education and Sport in Schools: A Review of Benefits and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the scientific evidence that has been gathered on the contributions and benefits of physical education and sport (PES) in schools for both children and for educational systems. Research evidence is presented in terms of children's development in a number of domains: physical, lifestyle, affective, social, and cognitive. The…

Bailey, Richard

2006-01-01

390

Teacher-Student Relationship Climate and School Outcomes: Implications for Educational Policy Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent discussions regarding concerns about the academic achievement of US students, educational policy makers have suggested the implementation of certain teacher policies. To address the limited empirical research on the putative educational impact of such policies, this study used multilevel structural equation models to investigate the…

Barile, John P.; Donohue, Dana K.; Anthony, Elizabeth R.; Baker, Andrew M.; Weaver, Scott R.; Henrich, Christopher C.

2012-01-01

391

The Effects of Adolescent Health on Educational Outcomes: Causal Evidence Using Genetic Lotteries between Siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been growing interest in using specific genetic markers as instrumental variables in attempts to assess causal relationships between health status and socioeconomic outcomes, including human capital accumulation. In this paper, we use a combination of family fixed effects and genetic marker instruments to estimate the causal effects of poor adolescent mental and physical health status on years of

Jason M. Fletcher; Steven F. Lehrer

2009-01-01

392

Outcomes of Global Education: External and Internal Change Associated with Study Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides an overview of external and internal changes associated with collegiate study abroad experiences. A brief review of the research literature is included along with recent research that sheds light on potential mechanisms associated with study abroad-related change. Recommendations for enhancing outcomes associated with study…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy; Thompson, Don

2014-01-01

393

THE EFFECT OF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: INFLUENCE ON ACADEMIC OUTCOMES?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on the relationship between academic outcomes and participation in extracurricular activity has produced seemingly contradictory results. These contradictions can be explained, in large part, by differences in methodology and assumptions in theoretical explanations. Using a more appropriate causal ordering and improved selection controls, this research examines how participation in eight types of extracurricular activities (athletics, cheerleading\\/pep club, church,

H. David Hunt

2005-01-01

394

Effects of Reflection Prompts on Learning Outcomes and Learning Behaviour in Statistics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from difficulties that students display when they deal with correlation analysis, an e-learning environment ("Koralle") was developed. The design was inspired by principles of situated and example-based learning. In order to facilitate reflective processes and thus enhance learning outcomes, reflection prompts were integrated into the…

Stark, Robin; Krause, Ulrike-Marie

2009-01-01

395

PBL-GIS in Secondary Geography Education: Does It Result in Higher-Order Learning Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents research on evaluating problem-based learning using GIS technology in a Singapore secondary school. A quasi-experimental research design was carried to test the PBL pedagogy (PBL-GIS) with an experimental group of students and compare their learning outcomes with a control group who were exposed to PBL but not GIS. The…

Liu, Yan; Bui, Elisabeth N.; Chang, Chew-Hung; Lossman, Hans G.

2010-01-01

396

Improving Children's Educational Outcomes by Advancing Assessment and Intervention Practices: An Overview of the Special Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the studies making up this special topic issue on state of the art research in academic and behavioral assessment and intervention. Each unsolicited research study illustrates scientific advances in assessment and intervention practices that have direct implications for improving children's edu- cational outcomes. A case is made that scientific improvements in our field serve as the primary

Tanya L. Eckert

397

Educational Outcomes of Children Adopted from Eastern Europe, Now Ages 8-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 230,000 children have been adopted from other countries by American parents since 1989, including more than 72,000 from Eastern Europe. Many arrive with growth and development delays, and medical problems. Yet, little is known about the long-term outcomes for these children. Therefore, we assessed long-term developmental,…

Tirella, Linda Grey; Chan, Wilma; Miller, Laurie C.

2006-01-01

398

Physical Education in Primary Schools: Classroom Teachers' Perceptions of Benefits and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine the perceptions of classroom teachers regarding the benefits and outcomes of their PE programs. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Thirty eight randomly selected primary schools in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Method: A mixed-mode methodology was utilized, incorporating semi-structured…

Morgan, Philip J.; Hansen, Vibeke

2008-01-01

399

Intensity and Attachment: How the Chaotic Enrollment Patterns of Community College Students Relate to Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between community college enrollment patterns and student outcomes--credential completion and transfer to a 4-year institution--introducing a new way of visualizing the various attendance patterns of community college students. Patterns of enrollment intensity (full- or part-time status) and continuity…

Crosta, Peter M.

2014-01-01

400

Educational Outcomes of Children Adopted from Eastern Europe, Now Ages 8-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal data on the cognitive and physical outcomes of children adopted from Eastern Europe by American families is limited. While there is clear evidence that many children adopted from Eastern European countries are more at risk for medical concerns and developmental delay, research that follows these children into their elementary school…

Neuharth-Pritchett, Stacey

2006-01-01

401

Age effects and information shocks: A study of the impact of education policy on student outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis studies the impacts of school entry policy and information revelation on student outcomes using a sample of students from the province of British Columbia (BC), Canada. The questions examined by the first two essays arise from a policy used by many industrialized countries, whereby students born within a 1-year time span all begin school at the same time.

Justin Smith

2008-01-01

402

APPENDIX I: Introduction and Overview to General Education Course Learning Outcomes  

E-print Network

, paragraph development, correct sentences, and usage. Such courses may take the form of a workshop Requirement expresses this broad commitment, but the concern for and attention to rhetorically effective. Course Specific Outcomes: Lower-division writing: · demonstrate rhetorically effective, accurate writing

Rose, Michael R.

403

Postsecondary Education Employment and Independent Living Outcomes of Persons with Autism and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to report employment and independent living outcomes of 125 graduates from the Taft College Transition to Independent Living (TIL) program. The TIL program has served students with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including autism spectrum disorder, since 1995. The TIL program follows graduates from the time of…

Ross, Jeffrey; Marcell, Jamia; Williams, Paula; Carlson, Dawn

2013-01-01

404

An innovative outcomes-based medical education program built on adult learning principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative medical curriculum at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) has been developed through a highly collaborative process aimed at building faculty ownership and ongoing sustainability. The result is a novel capability-based program that features early clinical experience and small-group teaching, which offers students considerable flexibility and achieves a high degree of alignment between graduate outcomes, learning activities

H. Patrick McNeil; Chris S. Hughes; Susan M. Toohey; S. Bruce Dowton

2006-01-01

405

Evolution and Punctuation of Theories of Educational Expenditure and Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether school-expenditure theory can be described in terms of Thomas Kuhn's punctuated-equilibrium model: long periods of theoretical stasis interspersed with brief periods of revolutionary change. Current researchers, influenced by organizational behavior theories, believe that finding a global money/student outcome relationship is an…

Marion, Russ; Flanigan, Jack

2001-01-01

406

Academic Outcome Trajectories of Students with ADHD: Does Exceptional Education Status Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with poor academic performance, but little is known about learning trajectories and risk factors for poor academic outcomes. This study investigates the relationship between ADHD and academic performance in students with ADHD (n = 87), students with subclinical ADHD (n = 23), and…

Bussing, Regina; Porter, Phillip; Zima, Bonnie T.; Mason, Dana; Garvan, Cynthia; Reid, Robert

2012-01-01

407

Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students With Autism During COMPASS Consultation  

PubMed Central

The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate that an autism-specific consultation planning framework known as the collaborative model for promoting competence and success (COMPASS) is effective in increasing child Individual Education Programs (IEP) outcomes (Ruble, Dal-rymple, & McGrew, 2010; Ruble, McGrew, & Toland, 2011). In this study, we describe the verbal interactions, defined as speech acts and speech act exchanges that take place during COMPASS consultation, and examine the associations between speech exchanges and child outcomes. We applied the Psychosocial Processes Coding Scheme (Leaper, 1991) to code speech acts. Speech act exchanges were overwhelmingly affiliative, failed to show statistically significant relationships with child IEP outcomes and teacher adherence, but did correlate positively with IEP quality. PMID:22639523

RUBLE, LISA; BIRDWHISTELL, JESSIE; TOLAND, MICHAEL D.; MCGREW, JOHN H.

2011-01-01

408

Study of Relationships between the Laryngectomee's Body Image and Patient Education Outcomes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A methodology is discussed for determining the relationships between a laryngectomy patient's body image, knowledge of the treatment process, and adherence to a post-operation self-care regimen. Information is presented on nurse education in this area pri...

I. K. Blues

1982-01-01

409

The Effects of Multi-Dimensional Competition on Education Market Outcomes  

E-print Network

private schools BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CBSA Core Based Statistical Area CCD Common Core of Data, National Center for Education Statistics CWI Comparable wage index DEA Data envelopment analysis f.o.b. Free-on-board GMM Generalized... product NCES National Center for Education Statistics OLS Ordinary least squares OMB U.S. Office of Management and Budget vi OSPI Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, Washington PSS Private School Universe Survey, National Center...

Karakaplan, Mustafa

2012-10-19

410

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Center for Research and Reform in Education, 2012

2012-01-01

411

The ELDER Project: Educational Model and Three-Year Outcomes of a Community-Based Geriatric Education Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the ELDER (Expanded Learning and Dedication to Elders in the Region) Project was to address the needs of underserved older adults by providing worksite education to individuals who provide nursing care to older adults in community health centers, home health agencies, and long-term care facilities. Four agencies located in a Health…

Lange, Jean W.; Mager, Diana; Greiner, Philip A.; Saracino, Katherine

2011-01-01

412

Lay press material on preterm birth: no real progress in education on potentially problematic outcomes.  

PubMed

Premature birth has many implications for the newborn, parents, other family members, and the healthcare system. Ten years ago, a literature search was executed through US newspapers, magazines, and news wires over a 6-month period to determine the scope of lay media coverage concerning premature birth outcomes. The results indicated that lay media resources provided limited information on the topic. In May 2013, the original search was replicated in an effort to determine whether the current scope of coverage had expanded since the original search was conducted. This article discusses the results of the May 2013 literature search of lay media resources for information on premature birth and its potential outcomes. PMID:24675630

Melberg, Dawn M

2014-04-01

413

A Randomized Study of Neighborhood Effects on Low-Income Children's Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental data from the Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration were used to examine (a) if moving from high- to low-poverty neighborhoods (via randomization) was associated with low-income minority children's achievement, grade retention, and suspensions\\/expulsions; (b) if moving minimized gender differences in these outcomes; and (c) potential mediators of observed program effects. Data on school-age children (mean age =

Tama Leventhal; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

2004-01-01

414

Shaping the Culture of Schooling: The Rise of Outcome-Based Education. SUNY Series, Education and Culture: Critical Factors in the Formation of Character and Community in American Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Johnson City, New York, the schools have sustained positive, meaningful educational change since 1964. The Johnson City schools have also given birth to the national movement of Outcome-Based Education (OBE). This book provides a cultural history of the relationship between community and school in school reform. The book describes the…

Desmond, Cheryl Taylor

415

Outcomes of a continuing education course on intravenous catheter insertion for experienced registered nurses.  

PubMed

Many experienced nurses report a lack of confidence in their intravenous (IV) catheter skills despite training with a phlebotomist and designated orientation time with the IV team. This study assessed the success of an IV catheter insertion continuing education class aimed at improving experienced nurses' skills levels, confidence, and knowledge regarding IV catheter insertion, maintenance, and infection prevention. Through a partnership between a hospital and a college of nursing continuing education program, a 1-day course was provided for 33 experienced nurses. The educators sought to determine whether a continuing education course improved the knowledge and skills of experienced nurses regarding the insertion of peripheral IV catheters and whether the nurses retained the knowledge and skills learned in a formal IV course over time. The findings showed that the continuing education IV course improved the knowledge and skills of experienced nurses. Improvement in knowledge was shown immediately after the course and 8 to 12 weeks later. Skills improvement with regard to infection prevention and policy adherence was evident. Because confidence data were collected with two different scales before and after the course, they were unusable for statistical testing. Further study is needed to determine whether nurses' confidence levels would improve after the implementation of a formal IV course. Replication studies are also needed to validate the results with a larger sample size. PMID:22074216

Lyons, Margaret G; Kasker, Jennifer

2012-04-01

416

The “Degree” of Instructor Education and Child Outcomes in Junior Kindergarten: A Comparison of Certificated Teachers and Early Childhood Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore differences in the social and cognitive development of 4-year-old children in junior kindergarten, taught by groups of differentially educated instructors. Indices of social competence and social skills (i.e., solitary play, reticent behaviors, sociodramatic play) and cognitive skills (i.e., vocabulary, storybook knowledge, counting) were assessed for children in classrooms instructed by early childhood

Robert J. Coplan; Cherami Wichmann; Daniel G. Lagace-Seguin; Lorne M. Rachlis; Marianna K. McVey

1999-01-01

417

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the “living...

2010-04-01

418

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the “living...

2012-04-01

419

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the “living...

2011-04-01

420

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

... 2012-04-01 true When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the “living...

2014-04-01

421

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-04-01 true When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the “living...

2013-04-01

422

The influence of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching macroevolution on student outcomes in a general education biology course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the influence of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching macroevolution on non-science majors' knowledge of macroevolution and evolution acceptance. The nature and sources of an experienced faculty member's PCK and instruction as enacted PCK (Park & Oliver, 2008) were examined to consider the influence of these components on students' knowledge of macroevolution and evolution acceptance. The study used a mixed methods approach to understand how PCK influences student outcomes, and is one of the first to examine the influence of PCK on student outcomes at the post-secondary level. In addition, the study is one of few to document a significant relationship between knowledge of evolution and evolution acceptance, including how instruction influenced these outcomes. The case selected for study was a general education biology class: 270 students and their instructor. To examine the nature and sources of the instructor's PCK for teaching macroevolution, the course was observed in its entirety, the instructor was interviewed before, during, and after the evolution unit, and artifacts were collected from the evolution unit. Interview and observational protocols for the instructor were developed based on the Magnussson, Kracjik, & Borko (1999) model of PCK. The instructor was found to have deep knowledge of learners, and this knowledge in turn informed the other components of her PCK. Her knowledge of learners was built through reflecting on student exam outcomes, referencing the pedagogical literature, interactions with students, and discussions with colleagues. These findings have implications for faculty professional development. The influence of the course was examined both quantitatively and qualitatively. Students were surveyed using the Measure of Understanding of Macroevolution (Nadelson & Southerland, 2010a) the Measure of Acceptance of the Theory of Evolution (Rutledge & Warden, 1999, 2007). From pre- to post-test, students became significantly more accepting of evolution (p < .0001) and made significant gains in understanding macroevolution ( p < .0001). Knowledge of macroevolution and evolution acceptance were also significantly correlated (r[268] = .47, p < .01). Twelve students initially scoring low on both instruments also interviewed to examine how the instruction influenced their responses on the instruments. Nine of the students became more accepting of evolution, which they attributed to learning about the volume of evidence for evolution (especially transitional fossils) and learning about the history of life. These findings have important implications for evolution education policy and practice at the post-secondary level.

Walter, Emily Marie

423

Physical Therapists' Level of McKenzie Education, Functional Outcomes, and Utilization in Patients With Low Back Pain.  

PubMed

Study Design Longitudinal, prospective, observational cohort. Objective To examine associations between McKenzie training, functional status (FS) at discharge, and number of physical therapy visits (utilization) in patients receiving physical therapy for low back pain. Background The McKenzie method is commonly used in treating patients with low back pain. Methods A McKenzie postgraduate educational program was initiated in a large outpatient physical therapy service. Functional status data were collected at intake and at discharge. Separate hierarchical linear mixed models were used to examine associations between physical therapists' McKenzie training level (none; Parts A, B, C, and D; and credentialed), FS score at discharge, and utilization, controlling for patient risk factors. Results The final data set included 20 882 patients (mean ± SD age, 51 ± 16 years; 57% women) who completed FS surveys at both admission and discharge. Patients treated by physical therapists with any McKenzie training had better outcomes (additional 0.7 to 1.3 FS points; P<.05 to <.001) and fewer visits (0.6 to 0.9, P<.001) compared to patients treated by physical therapists with no training. For patients treated by therapists with no versus some McKenzie education, 65% versus 70% achieved at least the minimal clinically important improvement, respectively. There were no significant differences in outcomes or utilization by level of McKenzie training. Conclusion There was a slightly greater improvement of 0.7 to 1.3 points in FS at discharge in patients receiving physical therapy for low back pain by physical therapists who underwent McKenzie training. This difference was clinically important for an additional 5% of patients who achieved the minimal clinically important improvement when treated by therapists with some McKenzie training. Reduction in physical therapy utilization was 0.6 to 0.9 visits, with the fewest visits utilized by patients of physical therapists at the McKenzie Part D and credentialed levels. Together, these findings suggest improved cost-effectiveness at advanced McKenzie training levels. Ways to improve ongoing education and patient outcomes were proposed. Level of Evidence Therapy, level 2b. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2014;44(12):925-936. Epub 29 October 2014. doi:10.2519/jospt.2014.5272. PMID:25353260

Deutscher, Daniel; Werneke, Mark W; Gottlieb, Ditza; Fritz, Julie M; Resnik, Linda

2014-12-01

424

Equitable Access to Funding. The Equal Funding Struggle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how, as the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, unequal educational funding is impacting student learning. Six major categories typically affected most by funding disparities are children at risk of failure, student/teacher ratio, student enrichment opportunities, technology, teacher salaries, and learning ambiance. (SM)

Swan, Edward T.

1995-01-01

425

Modifying Flag Football for Gender Equitable Engagement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Flag or touch football is a popular activity unit in American secondary physical education curricula. However, unlike other sports its stigmatization as a masculine-typed activity and frequent inequitable distribution of game play opportunities at the skill positions (e.g., receiver, quarterback) results in the marginalization of female…

Kahan, David

2008-01-01

426

Traditional and Non-Traditional Educational Outcomes: Trade-Off or Complementarity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, schools have increasingly been charged with enhancing non-traditional academic competencies, in addition to traditional academic competencies. This article raises the question whether schools can implement these new educational goals in their curricula and simultaneously realise the traditional ones or whether a trade-off between…

van der Wal, Marieke; Waslander, Sietske

2007-01-01

427

The Impact of Adolescent Stuttering on Educational and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from a Birth Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In interview and survey studies, people who stutter report the belief that stuttering has had a negative impact on their own education and employment. This population study sought objective evidence of such disadvantage for people who stutter as a group, compared with people who do not stutter. Method: A secondary analysis of a British…

McAllister, Jan; Collier, Jacqueline; Shepstone, Lee

2012-01-01

428

Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Program Annual Report, Outcomes through Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship (TELS) program was designed to meet the unique needs of the state of Tennessee by incorporating the hallmark elements of existing merit-based aid programs in other states. Developed through a process involving elected officials and members of the academic community, the TELS program aims to address the…

Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2009

2009-01-01

429

Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Program Annual Report, Outcomes through Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship (TELS) program was designed to meet the unique needs of the state of Tennessee by incorporating the hallmark elements of existing merit-based aid programs in other states. Developed through a process involving elected officials and members of the academic community, the TELS program aims to address the…

Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

430

Implementation and Outcomes of Supplemental Educational Services: The Tennessee State-Wide Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supplemental Educational Services (SES), a component of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, provides free tutoring to economically disadvantaged children who are attending Title I schools in their 2nd or more years of school improvement. This research evaluated SES in Tennessee to determine the: (a) impacts on student achievement, and (b)…

Ross, Steven M.; Potter, Allison; Paek, Jangmi; McKay, Dawn; Sanders, William; Ashton, James

2008-01-01

431

Education and Training 16-19: Institutional Structures and Outcomes in Two English Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education and training for 16- to 19-year-olds have undergone expansion and diversification in the United Kingdom in the 1980s. In the context of high youth unemployment, the introduction by the central government of a host of vocational preparation programs has aimed to delay labor market entry for a significant proportion of 16-year-olds, while…

Evans, Karen

432

Outcomes of a Scientific Nonformal Educational Initiative for Youth in Rio de Janeiro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to understand how former students view their professional and academic paths after taking part in a specific scientific nonformal educational initiative during high school. This program is called Vocational Scientific Program (Provoc) and is carried out in the Oswald Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.…

de Sousa, Isabela Cabral Felix

2013-01-01

433

Criteria for Accreditation in Vietnam's Higher Education: Focus on Input or Outcome?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to analyse the development of accreditation standards and processes in Vietnam and to offer recommendations for the further progress of Vietnam's accreditation model. The authors first provide contextual details of the higher education system and then present the conceptual framework of quality assurance in relation…

Nguyen, Kim D.; Oliver, Diane E.; Priddy, Lynn E.

2009-01-01

434

Perceptions of LIS Development in Vietnam: Educational Outcomes and the Way Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors have been involved in the design and delivery of several LIS training and education programs in Vietnam in recent years. This activity has led them to become aware of library developments and initiatives taking place within Vietnam, and of issues that will affect future development of the library and information industry. Some of these…

Murray, Janet; Welch, Bernadette

2009-01-01

435

An Expectancy-Value Perspective of Civic Education Motivation, Learning and Desirable Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study assessed the mediating role of expectancy for success and value beliefs in civic education in linking socio-academic factors (gender, ethnicity, school level and prior achievement) to desirable civic attributes. The sample comprised 1664 students in their Year-7-Year-12 (mean age = 14.79, range = 12-18). Structural equation…

Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Chua, Bee Leng

2013-01-01

436

West African youth initiative: outcome of a reproductive health education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To describe the implementation and evaluation of an adolescent reproductive health peer education program in West Africa. The program, known as the West African Youth Initiative (WAYI), was developed to improve knowledge of sexuality and reproductive health, and promote safer sex behaviors and contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents in Nigeria and Ghana.Methods: Between November 1994 and April 1997,

William R Brieger; Grace E Delano; Oladimeji Oladepo; Kola A Oyediran

2001-01-01

437

Improving Diabetes Outcomes Using a Web-Based Registry and Interactive Education: A Multisite Collaborative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: To support the adoption of guideline concordant care by primary care practices, the New York Diabetes Coalition (NYDC) promoted use of an electronic diabetes registry and developed an interactive educational module on using the registry and improving patient communication. The NYDC hypothesized that use of a registry with immediate…

Morrow, Robert W.; Fletcher, Jason; Kelly, Kim F.; Shea, Laura A.; Spence, Maureen M.; Sullivan, Janet N.; Cerniglia, Joan R.; Yang, YoonJung

2013-01-01

438

Autonomy-Mastery, Supportive or Performance Focused? Different Teacher Behaviours and Pupils' Outcomes in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the role of motivational climates, teacher autonomy support, perceived competence and autonomy on pupils' self-regulated motivation in physical education (PE) classes of Norwegian 10th-graders. Path analyses revealed that a mastery climate and teacher autonomy support both (a) positively influenced intrinsically regulated…

Ommundsen, Yngvar; Kvalo, Silje Eikanger

2007-01-01

439

Driving Innovation: How Six States Are Organizing to Improve Outcomes in Developmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More and more young people are enrolling in postsecondary education, particularly in community colleges, with the goal of preparing for jobs that provide access to middle-class wages. Unfortunately, too few students succeed. There are many reasons for this, but one of the biggest is the large number of students who lack the academic skills to do…

Collins, Michael Lawrence

2011-01-01

440

The Efficacy of Private Sector Providers in Improving Public Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts required under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to provide supplemental educational services (SES) to students in schools that are not making adequate yearly progress rely heavily on the private sector to offer choice in services. If the market does not drive out ineffective providers, students may not gain through SES participation.…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Nisar, Hiren

2013-01-01

441

The Efficacy of Private Sector Providers in Improving Public Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts required under No Child Left Behind to provide supplemental educational services (SES) to students in schools that are not making adequate yearly progress rely heavily on the private sector to offer choice in service provision. If the market does not work to drive out ineffective providers, students will be less likely to gain…

Heinrich, Carolyn; Nisar, Hiren

2012-01-01

442

Data Systems Linking Resources to Actions and Outcomes: One of the Nation's Most Pressing Education Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inadequacy of present-day public school financial and performance reporting restricts policymakers. With existing spending and activity information now generally available, public officials can determine only overall education resource levels and make allocative decisions only among gross input categories such as relative amounts of labor and…

Guthrie, James W.

2007-01-01

443

Sharp Contrasts at the Boundaries: School Violence and Educational Outcomes Internationally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the impact of school violence on immigrant populations internationally. To do so we apply three-level models to 2007 TIMSS data to investigate the extent to which immigrant students are affected by school violence, and whether school- and educational-system levels of immigration and violence are related to achievement. We find that,…

Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David; Engel, Laura

2013-01-01

444

Evaluating a Nutrition Education Program for Pregnant Teen-Agers: Cognitive vs. Behavioral Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A manual on nutrition during pregnancy and lactation was developed and used with pregnant teenagers. Evaluation of the program showed that, while participants' knowledge of nutrition improved, their eating habits did not. The need for behavioral assessment of nutrition education programs is pointed out. (Author/PP)

Perkin, Judy

1983-01-01

445

State Political Culture, Higher Education Spending Indicators, and Undergraduate Graduation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning higher education today (e.g., rising costs, declining public trust, changing state economics) have created new demands for postsecondary institutions to demonstrate their productivity. We examine whether differences in states' political cultures (i.e., underlying traditions, values, and public policy choices) are reflected…

Heck, Ronald H.; Lam, Wendy S.; Thomas, Scott L.

2014-01-01

446

Long-Term Educational Programs in Nature Parks: Characteristics, Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study on long-term educational programs (LTP) in nature, facilitated by an environmental agency we followed two distinct programs enacted in schools and in nature parks as case studies. Data were collected through observations of activities in schools and in the outdoors and through interviews with students, teachers and facilitators. In…

Morag, Orly; Tal, Tali; Rotem-Keren, Tammy

2013-01-01

447

Positive Discrimination in Education: A Comparative Investigation of Its Bases, Forms, and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores some basic theoretical questions pertaining to positive discrimination in education, drawing from empirical experiences of several countries that have practiced it in one form or another--the United States, India, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. Encompasses policies and practices that have variously been called reverse discrimination,…

Wang, Bee-Lan Chan

1983-01-01

448

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

449

Experiential Education in the Classroom and Academic Outcomes: For Those Who Want it All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a pretest-posttest study using measures of higher order thinking skills (HOTS), and lower order thinking skills (LOTS) in six 12th-grade American Government classrooms taught by three experienced teachers over one semester. One of the three teachers implemented a curriculum in two classes based on experiential education (EE)…

Ives, Bob; Obenchain, Kathryn

2006-01-01

450

The Assessment of Doctoral Education: Emerging Criteria and New Models for Improving Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the growing commitment to assessment at the undergraduate level, doctoral programs are now grappling with what accountability means for them. This book provides a foundation for faculty and academic leaders of doctoral programs to promote inquiry into the educational practices that define their programs and contribute to graduate…

Maki, Peggy L., Ed.; Borkowski, Nancy A., Ed.

2006-01-01

451

Youth Participation in Setting the Agenda: Learning Outcomes for Sex Education in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research set out to explore how young people could contribute to sexual health curriculum development, in order to increase the relevance of such curricula to school children. The aim was to facilitate young Irish people, through a participatory research methodology, to generate, collate and present their views on effective sex education.…

O'Higgins, Siobhan; Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse

2010-01-01

452

African Americans and Mathematics Outcomes on National Assessment of Educational Progress: Parental and Individual Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated within group differences between African American female and male students who participated in the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment. Using results from participating states, we compare average scale scores of African American students based on home regulatory environment and interest…

Noble, Richard, III; Morton, Crystal Hill

2013-01-01

453

How Effective Are the NSSE Benchmarks in Predicting Important Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE), one of the most widely used annual surveys of undergraduates in the country, is specifically designed to assess the extent to which college students are engaged in empirically vetted good practices in undergraduate education. One of the major assumptions of the NSSE is that in measuring the extent…

Pascarella, Ernest T.; Seifert, Tricia A.; Blaich, Charles

2010-01-01

454

Assessing K-12 Teachers' Personal Environmental Education Teaching Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine change in environmental education teaching efficacy beliefs of K-12 teachers who participated in two weeks of an intensive summer earth systems science institute using the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) curriculum as the conceptual framework. Thirty-eight teachers…

Moseley, Christine; Huss, Jeanine; Utley, Juliana

2010-01-01

455

Inequality of Outcomes: Two-Year Educations. Preliminary Draft, Subject to Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of its lower cost, cultural integration into the community, non-selective admission requirements, and vocational/technical programs, the two-year college has been seen as a way of enrolling students historically underrepresented in higher education. In comparison to his four-year college counterpart, the two-year college student is from a…

Shea, Brent Mack

456

Does Patient Partnership in Continuing Medical Education (CME) Improve the Outcome in Osteoporosis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients (n=672) were screened and instructed about osteoporosis; 53 of their physicians attended lectures, a control group did not. A survey of 258 patients showed doctor-ordered screening tests increased regardless of lecture attendance. Increased patient-initiated discussions about osteoporosis suggest that patient education is effective.…

Pazirandeh, Mahmood

2002-01-01

457

Outcomes of On-Line Financial Education for Chronically Ill Rural Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was part of a larger longitudinal study of chronically ill rural women to determine if computer technology could be effective in allowing the women to take control of their own well-being, including finances. The current study examined whether chronically ill rural women can effectively use on-line personal finance educational

Haynes, Deborah C.; Haynes, George W.; Weinert, Clarann

2011-01-01

458

Integrating Multi-Tiered Measurement Outcomes for Special Education Eligibility with Sequential Decision-Making Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes to federal guidelines for the identification of children with disabilities have supported the use of multi-tiered models of service delivery. This study investigated the impact of measurement methodology as used across numerous tiers in determining special education eligibility. Four studies were completed using a sample of inner-city…

Decker, Scott L.; Englund, Julia; Albritton, Kizzy

2012-01-01

459

Fostering outcomes through education: a systems approach to collaboration and creativity.  

PubMed

Across the country, integrated health care systems continue to emerge and expand. Large multifacility organizations can present both challenges and opportunities for nursing professional development and continuing education activities. This article will explore how one large multifacility system is addressing the varied learning needs of nursing staff across the enterprise. PMID:24702050

Smith, Elaine L

2014-04-01

460

New media simulation stories in nursing education: a quasi-experimental study exploring learning outcomes.  

PubMed

New media simulation stories are short multimedia presentations that combine simulation, digital technology, and story branching to depict a variety of healthcare-related scenarios. The purpose of this study was to explore whether learning outcomes were enhanced if students viewed the results of both correct and incorrect nursing actions demonstrated through new media simulation stories. A convenience sample of 109 undergraduate nursing students in a family-centered maternity course participated in the study. Study findings suggests that students who viewed both correct and incorrect depictions of maternity nursing actions scored better on tests than did those students who viewed only correct nursing actions. PMID:23438866

Webb-Corbett, Robin; Schwartz, Melissa Renee; Green, Bob; Sessoms, Andrea; Swanson, Melvin

2013-04-01

461

Noticing Children's Participation: Insights into Teacher Positionality toward Equitable Mathematics Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how teachers in a professional development course responded to what they noticed about children's participation in elementary mathematics classrooms and how what they noticed was connected to the teachers' positionality toward equitable mathematics pedagogy. Findings suggest that a lens of participation supported…

Wager, Anita A.

2014-01-01

462

What about Language while Equitably Assessing Science?: Case Studies of Preservice Teachers' Evolving Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three case studies, drawing on qualitative analysis of surveys, interviews, program artifacts, and classroom observation, describe secondary science preservice teachers' evolving expertise at providing opportunities for linguistically diverse students to learn and demonstrate what they have learned (i.e., equitable assessment). The teachers…

Lyon, Edward G.

2013-01-01

463

Gender Safety: A New Concept for Safer and More Equitable Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the development of the concepts of gender equity and school safety, asserting that these conceptualizations are not sufficient to eradicate the problems each targets. Proposes a new approach to this goal of creating and ensuring a safe, equitable school environment that builds upon key aspects of gender equity and school safety but is…

Stein, Nan; Tolman, Deborah L.; Porche, Michelle V.; Spencer, Renee

2002-01-01

464

Equitable Partitions, Coherent Algebras and Random Walks: Applications to the Correlation  

E-print Network

Equitable Partitions, Coherent Algebras and Random Walks: Applications to the Correlation Structure for a profound study of landscapes. These functions are defined in terms of random walks on G and re­ presented, in chemistry and elsewhere. Con­ figuration spaces im molecular biology, spin glass models in physics, QSAR

Stadler, Peter F.

465

Low Cost Private Schooling in India: Is It Pro Poor and Equitable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

India has seen an explosion in low-fee private (LFP) schooling aimed at the poorer strata of society, and this once-urban phenomenon has spread in the last decade to rural areas, with implications for equity due to the level of direct costs involved. This study explores whether or not LFP schooling in rural India is pro-poor and equitable, and…

Harma, Joanna

2011-01-01

466

LIBRARY LOANS SANCTIONS To ensure equitable access to Library materials for  

E-print Network

LIBRARY LOANS SANCTIONS To ensure equitable access to Library materials for all library users, borrowing privileges are suspended when total Library fines and/or replacement charges reach $50. 3-hour item Library items more than 35 days overdue or declared lost Purchase price of items plus processing

Canberra, University of

467

Older Men's and Women's Relationships with Adult Kin: How Equitable Are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sought global assessments of marital equitability from 62 older adults, and compared men's and women's global equity feelings concerning their relationships with spouses, aged parents, and adult children. Forty younger adults rated equity of their marriages and relationships with parents and grandparents. Majority of both generations' involvements…

Peterson, Candida C.; Peterson, James L.

1988-01-01

468

Evidence for the validity of grouped self-assessments in measuring the outcomes of educational programs.  

PubMed

There is compelling empirical evidence in support of the use of grouped self-assessment data to measure program outcomes. However, other credible research has clearly shown that self-assessments are poor predictors of individual achievement such that the validity of self-assessments has been called into question. Based on the reanalysis of two previously published studies and an analysis of two original studies, we show that grouped self-assessments may be good predictors of and hence valid measures of performance at the group level, an outcome commonly used in program evaluation studies. We found statistically significant correlation coefficients (between 0.56 and 0.87), when comparing across performance items using the group means of self-assessments with the group means of individual achievement on criterion tests. We call for further research into the conditions and circumstances in which grouped self-assessments are used, so that they can be employed more effectively and confidently by program evaluators, decision makers, and researchers. PMID:23396128

D'Eon, Marcel F; Trinder, Krista

2014-12-01

469

School Context and Educational Outcomes: Results from a Quasi-Experimental Study  

PubMed Central

In this study we draw on data from a quasi-experimental study to test whether moving into a subsidized housing development in an affluent suburb yields educational benefits to the children of residents, compared to the educations they would have received had they not moved into the development. Results suggest that resident children experienced a significant improvement in school quality compared with a comparison group of students whose parents also had applied for residence. Parents who were residents of the development also displayed higher levels of school involvement compared with the comparison group of non-resident parents, and their children were exposed to significantly lower levels of school disorder and violence within school and spent more time reading outside of school. Living in the development did not influence GPA directly, but did indirectly increase GPA by increasing the time residents spent reading outside of school. PMID:25342878

Casciano, Rebecca; Massey, Douglas S.

2013-01-01

470

Autonomy–Mastery, Supportive or Performance Focused? Different teacher behaviours and pupils' outcomes in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the role of motivational climates, teacher autonomy support, perceived competence and autonomy on pupils' self?regulated motivation in physical education (PE) classes of Norwegian 10th?graders. Path analyses revealed that a mastery climate and teacher autonomy support both (a) positively influenced intrinsically regulated motivation as measured by the relative autonomy index (RAI) and by the intrinsic motivation subdimension, and (b)

Yngvar Ommundsen; Silje Eikanger Kvalø

2007-01-01

471

Team formation by region to improve outcomes for distance-education students in a PBL course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because they are not able to meet face-to-face, distance education students find it more difficult to develop team-working skills: an important graduate attribute. In an effort to improve the development of this skill, (where possible) teams in a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) course were formed so that students were located in the same city or region. The expectation was that by

Andrew P. Wandel

2011-01-01

472

Stuck in the Middle: Doctoral Education Ranking and Career Outcomes for Life Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do some Ph.D.'s languish in positions with little authority, and what does educational background have to do with it? Hypotheses predicted that life scientists with Ph.D.'s from elite programs would be the most likely, those from middle-ranked programs the next most likely, and those from lower ranked programs the least likely to achieve supervisory positions. A sample of 2,062

Laurel Smith-Doerr

2006-01-01

473

EarthScope National Office Education and Outreach Program: 2013 Update on Activities and Outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EarthScope Program (www.earthscope.org) funded by the National Science Foundation, fosters interdisciplinary exploration of the geologic structure and evolution of the North American continent by means of seismology, geodesy, magnetotellurics, in-situ fault-zone sampling, geochronology, and high-resolution topographic measurements. Data and findings from EarthScope continue to transform geoscientific studies throughout the Earth, enhance understanding and mitigation of hazards, and inform applications of geoscience toward environmental sustainability. The EarthScope Program also marshals significant resources and opportunities for education and outreach (E&O) in the Earth system sciences. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) at Arizona State University serves all EarthScope stakeholders, including the EarthScope Steering Committee, researchers, educators, students, and the general public. ESNO supports and promotes E&O through social media and web-hosted resources, newsletters and published articles, E&O workshops for informal educators (interpreters), assistance to grassroots K-12 STEM teacher professional development projects (typically led by EarthScope researchers), continuing education for researchers, collaborations with other Earth-science E&O providers, and biannual national conferences. The EarthScope E&O program at ESNO leads and supports wide dissemination of the data, findings, and legacy of EarthScope. Notable activities in 2013 include expansion of social-media and web-based content, two Interpretive Workshops in the eastern United States, the Great ShakeOut, the EarthScope National Meeting in Raleigh, and continuing partnerships with affiliated E&O providers. The EarthScope National Office is supported by the National Science Foundation under grants EAR-1101100 and EAR-1216301. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Semken, S. C.; Robinson, S.; Bohon, W.; Schwab, P.; Arrowsmith, R.; Garnero, E. J.; Fouch, M. J.; Pettis, L.; Baumback, D.; Dick, C.

2013-12-01

474

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

475

Identification of core goals and related outcome measurements for the development of community service-learning programs in selected institutions of higher education  

E-print Network

IDENTIFICATION OF CORE GOALS AND RELATED OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY SERVICE- LEARNING PROGRAMS IN SELECTED INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION A Dissertation by JON K. PRICE Submitted to the Office... MEASUREMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY SERVICE- LEARNING PROGRAMS IN SELECTED INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION A Dissertation by JON K. PRICE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Price, Jon Kevin

2009-05-15

476

Do stimulant medications improve educational and behavioral outcomes for children with ADHD?  

PubMed

We examine the effects of a policy change in the province of Quebec, Canada which greatly expanded insurance coverage for prescription medications. We show that the change was associated with a sharp increase in the use of stimulant medications commonly prescribed for ADHD in Quebec relative to the rest of Canada. We ask whether this increase in medication use was associated with improvements in emotional functioning or academic outcomes among children with ADHD. We find little evidence of improvement in either the medium or the long run. Our results are silent on the effects on optimal use of medication for ADHD, but suggest that expanding medication in a community setting had little positive benefit and may have had harmful effects given the average way these drugs are used in the community. PMID:24954077

Currie, Janet; Stabile, Mark; Jones, Lauren

2014-09-01

477

The effects of the interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy on the educational outcomes for a science exhibit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines factors which may affect the educational effectiveness of science exhibits. Exhibit effectiveness is the result of a complex interaction among exhibit features, cognitive characteristics of the museum visitor, and educational outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative proportions of field-dependent and field-independent visitors in the museum audience, and to ascertain if the cognitive style of visitors interacted with instructional strategies to affect the educational outcomes for a computer-based science exhibit. Cognitive style refers to the self-consistent modes of selecting and processing information that an individual employs throughout his or her perceptual and intellectual activities. It has a broad influence on many aspects of personality and behavior, including perception, memory, problem solving, interest, and even social behaviors and self-concept. As such, it constitutes essential dimensions of individual differences among museum visitors and has important implications for instructional design in the museum. The study was conducted in the spring of 1998 at the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in Chicago. Two experimental treatments of a computer-based exhibit were tested in the study. The first experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-dependent visitors that limited the text and provided more structure and cueing than the baseline treatment of the computer program. The other experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-independent visitors that provided hypothesis-testing and more contextual information. Approximately two-thirds of the visitors were field-independent. The results of a multiple regression analysis indicated that there was a significant interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy that affected visitors' posttest scores on a multiple-choice test of the content. Field-independent visitors out- performed the field-dependent visitors in the control, baseline, and both experimental treatments. Both field-dependent and field-independent visitor posttest scores increased in the field-dependent experimental treatment and in the field-independent treatment. The most effective treatment for all visitors was the field-independent treatment. Criteria for designing a computer-based exhibit to meet the needs of all visitors were recommended. These included organized, concise text; a structured, rather than exploratory design; and cueing in the form of questions, bold fonts, underlining of important words and concepts, and captioned images.

Knappenberger, Naomi

478

Water and sanitation in schools: a systematic review of the health and educational outcomes.  

PubMed

A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment. Published peer reviewed literature was screened and articles that documented the provision of water and sanitation at schools were considered. Forty-one peer-reviewed papers met the criteria of exploring the effects of the availability of water and/or sanitation facilities in educational establishments. Chosen studies were divided into six fields based on their specific foci: water for drinking, water for handwashing, water for drinking and handwashing, water for sanitation, sanitation for menstruation and combined water and sanitation. The studies provide evidence for an increase in water intake with increased provision of water and increased access to water facilities. Articles also report an increase in absenteeism from schools in developing countries during menses due to inadequate sanitation facilities. Lastly, there is a reported decrease in diarrheal and gastrointestinal diseases with increased access to adequate sanitation facilities in schools. Ensuring ready access to safe drinking water, and hygienic toilets that offer privacy to users has great potential to beneficially impact children's health. Additional studies that examine the relationship between sanitation provisions in schools are needed to more adequately characterize the impact of water and sanitation on educational achievements. PMID:23066396

Jasper, Christian; Le, Thanh-Tam; Bartram, Jamie

2012-08-01

479

Water and Sanitation in Schools: A Systematic Review of the Health and Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment. Published peer reviewed literature was screened and articles that documented the provision of water and sanitation at schools were considered. Forty-one peer-reviewed papers met the criteria of exploring the effects of the availability of water and/or sanitation facilities in educational establishments. Chosen studies were divided into six fields based on their specific foci: water for drinking, water for handwashing, water for drinking and handwashing, water for sanitation, sanitation for menstruation and combined water and sanitation. The studies provide evidence for an increase in water intake with increased provision of water and increased access to water facilities. Articles also report an increase in absenteeism from schools in developing countries during menses due to inadequate sanitation facilities. Lastly, there is a reported decrease in diarrheal and gastrointestinal diseases with increased access to adequate sanitation facilities in schools. Ensuring ready access to safe drinking water, and hygienic toilets that offer privacy to users has great potential to beneficially impact children’s health. Additional studies that examine the relationship between sanitation provisions in schools are needed to more adequately characterize the impact of water and sanitation on educational achievements. PMID:23066396

Jasper, Christian; Le, Thanh-Tam; Bartram, Jamie

2012-01-01

480

Implementation and assessment of outcome based education (OBE) in the Faculty of Civil Engineering at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fostering the intellectual student development today is really a big challenge to all educators nowadays. In an attempt to improve teaching and learning of a program Faculty of Civil Engineering (FCE), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) has moving to a new paradigm with full of enthusiasm and commitment. In this paper, we present the Program Outcome of our faculty for Diploma

Abdul Manaff Ismail; Ruqayyah Ismail; Fariz Aswan Ahmad Zakwan; Badrul Nizam Ismail

2010-01-01

481

Pendulum Swings in Educational Policymaking: The Effects of Organizational, School, Financial and Social Characteristics on Student Performance Outcomes in Michigan School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforms in American public education have not resolved the wide academic performance gap between students attending schools in poor, large, urban centers versus schools in wealthier areas. Aggregate performance outcomes on state achievement tests reveal that some school districts consistently outperform others, a few fluctuate over time but are…

Dyson, Dana D.

2009-01-01

482

Comparing Student Perceptions of General Education and Personal Growth Outcomes at HBCU and Non-HBCU Institutions. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared attitudes toward general education and personal growth of 3,410 students attending nine historically black colleges or universities (HBCUs) and 42,535 students attending 91 non-HBCUs. Data were retrieved from the most recent national user norm files for the College Outcomes Survey (COS). Analyses included percentages, factor…

McLure, Gail T.; Rao, A. M. Srikanta; Lester, William L.

483

Teachers' Ideas about How "Schools" Can Help Improve Educational Outcomes for Children and Youth in the Foster Care System. Ready to Succeed in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of improving educational outcomes for children and youth in foster care is receiving some long-overdue attention, but the voices of classroom teachers have not been prominent in the discussions so far. To help fill this gap, a team from the Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning and funded by the Stuart Foundation convened six…

Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning, 2010

2010-01-01

484

Do Typical RCTs of Education Interventions Have Sufficient Statistical Power for Linking Impacts on Teacher Practice and Student Achievement Outcomes? NCEE 2009-4065  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For RCTs of education interventions, it is often of interest to estimate associations between student and mediating teacher practice outcomes, to examine the extent to which the study's conceptual model is supported by the data, and to identify specific mediators that are most associated with student learning. This paper develops statistical power…

Schochet, Peter Z.

2009-01-01

485

Perceived Parental Investment in School as a Mediator of the Relationship between Socio-Economic Indicators and Educational Outcomes in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, 1.3 million students fail to graduate, dropping the United States' high school graduation rate to 69%. One of the most salient predictors of high school dropout is socio-economic status (SES), which makes important an improved understanding of the reasons why SES affects educational outcomes. In this study, multilevel mediation models…

Henry, Kimberly L.; Cavanagh, Thomas M.; Oetting, Eugene R.

2011-01-01

486

The effect of the Yamaha Music In Education keyboard instructional approach on the musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Yamaha Music In Education (MIE) keyboard instructional approach on selected musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students. One hundred and thirty-four middle school students from Miami, Florida were involved in the study. Experimental group participants (n = 68) received the MIE keyboard instructional approach, and were compared

Patricia Ooi Englehardt

2005-01-01

487

The Effect of the Yamaha Music In Education Keyboard Instructional Approach on the Musical and Nonmusical Outcomes of Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Yamaha Music In Education (MIE) keyboard instructional approach on selected musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students. One hundred and thirty-four middle school students from Miami, Florida were involved in the study. Experimental group participants (n = 68) received the MIE keyboard instructional approach, and were compared

Patricia Ooi Englehardt

2006-01-01

488

Technology in Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes four articles on the effective use of computers and electronic technology in education, and on equitable access to educational technologies for Hispanics and other minority groups. "Teachers and Instructional Technology: Wise or Foolish Choices" (Laura Chris Green) describes three unproductive roles for computer…

IDRA Newsletter, 1995

1995-01-01

489

Gender Issues in Art Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expectation of educators for more than a decade has been that they would be aware of and attend to gender issues. The British Columbia Visual Arts Curricula states "Gender-equitable education will initially focus on girls in order to redress historical inequities." However, it is important to be informed about the issues that adversely affect…

McCoubrey, Sharon, Ed.

2000-01-01

490

A randomized study of neighborhood effects on low-income children's educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Experimental data from the Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration were used to examine (a) if moving from high- to low-poverty neighborhoods (via randomization) was associated with low-income minority children's achievement, grade retention, and suspensions/expulsions; (b) if moving minimized gender differences in these outcomes; and (c) potential mediators of observed program effects. Data on school-age children (mean age = 11.79 years, SD = 3.26) were obtained from standardized assessments and parent and adolescent interviews during the New York City site's 3-year follow-up evaluation (N = 588). Moving to low-poverty neighborhoods had positive effects on 11-18-year-old boys' achievement scores compared with those of their peers in high-poverty neighborhoods. These male adolescents' scores were comparable to females' scores, whereas male adolescents in high-poverty neighborhoods scored 10 points lower than female peers. Homework time and school safety partially accounted for program effects. From a policy perspective, the program benefited disadvantaged male adolescents at high risk for dropping out of school. PMID:15238038

Leventhal, Tama; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2004-07-01

491

Educational outcomes in teenage pregnancy and parenting programs: results from a demonstration.  

PubMed

A comparison of five in-school educational and service approaches offered at seven sites in Arizona to 789 pregnant and parenting teenagers shows that except for those who enroll in a program in their third trimester, pregnant and parenting teenagers who attend a comprehensive, school-based, community-linked program are significantly more likely to continue in school than are those who have no access to a special program. The comprehensive program's impact is greatest among Hispanic students, younger students, those in grades 9-10, those who are living with their partner and those who enter the program in the first trimester. Two of the program components--strong outreach efforts and case management-are believed to have an especially favorable impact on continuation in school. PMID:8405340

Warrick, L; Christianson, J B; Walruff, J; Cook, P C

1993-01-01

492

Desegregation, the Attack on Public Education, and the Inadvertent Critiques of Social Justice Educators: Implications for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition in teacher education that in order to work toward a more equitable and just society, programs of teacher education must explicitly engage with the political commitments of teachers and teacher educators (Cochran-Smith, 2005). They must prepare prospective teachers to address "societal structures that perpetuate…

Philip, Thomas M.

2012-01-01

493

Outcomes of a scientific nonformal educational initiative for youth in Rio de Janeiro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this research is to understand how former students view their professional and academic paths after taking part in a specific scientific nonformal educational initiative during high school. This program is called Vocational Scientific Program (Provoc) and is carried out in the Oswald Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This institution has for over 100 years played a pioneer role in public health research in the country. This institution has many graduate programs and a high school dedicated to training students in health issues. Provoc was originated in this school and has been part of it for the last 25 years. Since its beginning, this program has been characterized by a significant predominance of women which relates to the female predominance of professionals in this institution working in the traditional areas of Fiocruz, which are Biology, Medicine, Public Health, Humanities and Social Sciences. This study was qualitative in nature and involved observations and 34 individual interviews, which followed a semi structured questionnaire, designed for this research. The results indicate that the majority of participants see their program participation experiences as an asset in their academic and professional careers. Many describe feeling empowered by presenting their work in seminars and a few by writing a research article. Many former students also testified to the establishment of social long lasting relationships in the research work environment. And finally, the interviews reveal a few moments and the factors involved in the selection of a profession by youth.

Cabral Félix de Sousa, Isabela

2013-03-01

494

[New teaching methods in equitation--consequences for the execution in practice].  

PubMed

Recent changes in equitation, tournament disciplines and teaching methods, which did not play a significant role in Germany so far, have to be reflected critically. Several examples such as hyperflexion of the neck, western riding, endurance riding and eventing are given to explain the requirements for teaching methods and different disciplines in terms of animal welfare and the role of the competent authorities. PMID:17484504

Bottermann, H; Vogel, M

2007-04-01

495

Athena SWAN Objectives 2011 1). To promote equitable working cultures within Queen Mary in which all staff  

E-print Network

Athena SWAN Objectives 2011 1). To promote equitable working cultures within Queen Mary in which/Institutes for Athena SWAN Silver Awards. The discipline of application for the awards and analysis: · underpins

Chittka, Lars

496

Relationship of nursing education and care management inpatient rehabilitation interventions and patient characteristics to outcomes following spinal cord injury: The SCIRehab project  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate associations of nursing bedside education and care management activities during inpatient rehabilitation with functional, participation, and quality-of-life outcomes for patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods In a prospective observational study, data were obtained by means of systematic recording of nursing activities by registered nurses (RNs), chart review and patient interview. Results Greater patient participation in nursing activities is associated with better outcomes. More time spent by RNs in coordination with other members of the care team, consultants and specialists, along with participation in physician rounds (team process) is associated with patient report of higher life satisfaction and higher CHART mobility at the one-year injury anniversary; more time providing psychosocial support is associated with higher CHART mobility and occupation scores and with greater likelihood of working or being in school at the anniversary. More time spent providing education about specific care needs is associated with several outcomes but not as consistently as might be expected. Conclusion(s) Higher levels of patient participation in nursing care activities is associated with multiple better outcomes, and hence, nurses should promote active patient participation during all aspects of care and interactions between themselves and patients with SCI. Time spent providing psychosocial support of patients and their families should be evaluated to ensure that other necessary education or care management interventions are not minimized. Note This is the seventh of nine articles in the SCIRehab series. PMID:23318039

Bailey, Joy; Dijkers, Marcel P.; Gassaway, Julie; Thomas, Jane; Lingefelt, Patricia; Kreider, Scott E.D.; Whiteneck, Gale

2012-01-01

497

Social outcomes and quality of life of childhood cancer survivors in Japan: a cross-sectional study on marriage, education, employment and health-related QOL (SF-36).  

PubMed

Social outcomes and quality of life (QOL) of childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain unknown in Japan. We investigated these outcomes in young adult CCSs compared to those of their siblings in Japan, and analyzed the association between social outcome and SF-36 health survey subscale scores. Between 2007 and 2009, we performed a cross-sectional survey using self-rating questionnaires. We estimated social outcomes and health-related QOL by performing the SF-36 in each group: CCSs with or without stem cell transplantation (SCT)/radiotherapy (RT) and their siblings. Adjusted odds ratios for outcomes of interest were estimated using logistic regression analysis. Questionnaires from 185 CCSs and 72 CCS's siblings were analyzed. There were no differences in educational attainment or annual income. The SF-36 subscale scores of CCSs with SCT and RT were significantly lower than those of siblings in physical functioning (PF) (p < 0.001 and 0.003, respectively) and general health (GH) (both p = 0.001). Lower PF scores correlated with recurrence (p = 0.041) and late effects (p = 0.010), and poor GH scores with late effects (p = 0.006). The CCSs had made efforts to attain educational/vocational goals; however, a significant proportion of CCSs who had experienced late effects remain at increased risk of experiencing diminished QOL. PMID:21519844

Ishida, Yasushi; Honda, Misato; Kamibeppu, Kiyoko; Ozono, Shuichi; Okamura, Jun; Asami, Keiko; Maeda, Naoko; Sakamoto, Naoko; Inada, Hiroko; Iwai, Tsuyako; Kakee, Naoko; Horibe, Keizo

2011-05-01

498

A meta-analysis on the impact of disease-specific education programs on health outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  

PubMed

Disease-specific education programs have become an important factor in the treatment and care of chronic conditions, such as heart failure and diabetes mellitus. However, the effectiveness of these educational methods on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate whether disease-specific education programs were beneficial to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) variables and other long-term health outcomes in patients with COPD. Using electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Chinese Biomedical Data System, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database) and individual searches (published and unpublished Chinese studies), we identified 12 randomized controlled trials (RCTs; English and/or Chinese) from 1991 to 2011. A meta-analysis on these studies revealed a positive relationship between disease-specific education programs and HRQoL scores (as measured by the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire). Moreover, educational programs were associated with increased knowledge about COPD, improved disease management skills, inhaler adherence, and decreased COPD-related emergency department visits and hospital admissions, as well as long-term effects on improving COPD patients' health outcomes. Although significant effects were not detected across all HRQoL variables and health measures, our findings suggest that education programs have the potential to be a valuable intervention for COPD patients. Our results provide a foundation for future research in this area, which we recommend as including more rigorously designed, large, randomized studies. PMID:22595334

Tan, Jing-Yu; Chen, Jin-Xiu; Liu, Xian-Liang; Zhang, Qi; Zhang, Min; Mei, Li-Juan; Lin, Run

2012-01-01

499

The effect of antenatal education in small classes on obstetric and psycho-social outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol  

PubMed Central

Background The aims of antenatal education contain both outcomes related to pregnancy, birth and parenthood. Both content and methods of antenatal education have changed over time without evidence of effects on relevant outcomes. The effect of antenatal education in groups, with participation of a small number of participants, may differ from the effect of other forms of antenatal education. The latest Cochrane review, assessed as up-to-date in 2007, concluded that the effect of antenatal education for childbirth or parenthood or both remains largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess the effects of antenatal education in small groups on obstetric as well as psycho-social outcomes. Methods/design Eligible studies include individually randomized as well as cluster-randomized trials irrespective of language, publication year, publication type, and publication status. Only interventions carried out in the Western world will be considered in this review. We will search the databases Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO using relevant search terms. Two independent review authors will extract data and assess risk of bias. Results will be presented as structured summaries of the included trials. A meta-analysis will be conducted. We will assess heterogeneity by using both the Chi-squared test and the I-squared statistic, and conduct subgroup analysis separately for various intervention types. Discussion In healthcare systems with limited resources evidence of the effectiveness of services provided is important for decision making, and there is a need for policy makers to implement changes in healthcare systems based on scientific evidence. The effectiveness of antenatal education in small classes is still questioned. Therefore an up-to-date systematic review is needed. This systematic review protocol was registered within the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) as number CRD42013004319. PMID:24521166

2014-01-01

500

Self-management of cystic fibrosis: short-term outcomes of the Cystic Fibrosis Family Education Program.  

PubMed

This study tested the efficacy of the Cystic Fibrosis Family Education Program, a cystic fibrosis self-management program, on improving participants' knowledge, self-efficacy, self-management behavior, health, and quality of life. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest nonequivalent comparison group design was employed. Participants made up 104 patient-primary caregiver dyads from the intervention site cystic fibrosis center and 95 from the usual care comparison center. The intervention, a self-paced print curriculum based on social cognitive theory, targeted behavioral capability, self-efficacy, and outcome expectations and was implemented as an integral part of medical care. Parents, early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescents received separate materials on respiratory, nutrition and malabsorption, communication, and coping issues. Significant intervention effects were found on the knowledge scores for caregivers, adolescents, and children; caregiver and adolescent total self-management scores; Child Behavior Checklist total score; one parent coping scale score; the modified NIH score; NIH pulmonary factor 1; and the Brasfield total score. Significant interaction effects were evident in the self-efficacy scores for caregivers and children. PMID:9307900

Bartholomew, L K; Czyzewski, D I; Parcel, G S; Swank, P R; Sockrider, M M; Mariotto, M J; Schidlow, D V; Fink, R J; Seilheimer, D K

1997-10-01