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1

Education for Equitable Outcomes or Educational Inequality: A Critical Analysis of UNESCO’S Education for All and the United States’ No Child Left Behind Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

while the overall goals of UNESCO’s Education for All (EFA) and the United States’ No Child Left Behind (NCLB) programs are admirable, approaches for achieving these goals often parallel inappropriate neoliberal, neocolonial,\\u000a elitist and market driven models (Zajda, 2005, 2006). This chapter discusses key problems that challenge each program in varying\\u000a degrees, including (a) stratified colonial systems of formal education

Karen Biraimah

2

Mind-Sets and Equitable Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much talk about equity in education is about bricks and mortar--about having equal facilities and equal resources. Those factors, although extremely important, are relatively easy to quantify. What may be harder to capture are the beliefs that administrators, teachers, and students hold--beliefs that can have a striking impact on students'…

Dweck, Carol S.

2010-01-01

3

Cost-Effective, Equitable and Flexible Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how this mega-university offers increasing access to cost-effective, equitable and flexible higher education by analyzing data from primary and secondary sources, identifies challenges impacting the continued growth of enrollment in distance education, and outlines opportunities for increasing access to higher education through…

Islam, Tofazzal

2011-01-01

4

Save 100 Babies©: engaging communities for just and equitable birth outcomes through Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry.  

PubMed

This paper presents a community engagement model designed to advance social justice and equity for African American birth outcomes through the combined techniques of Photovoice and Appreciative Inquiry. In response to the persistent racial disparities in birth outcomes, Save 100 Babies© was constructed as a 2-day summit where the emphasis was placed on individual and community assets rather than deficits. The engagement was designed to create a level of readiness among individuals working within and outside the field of Maternal and Child Health to envision strategies to attain equitable birth outcomes. The goal of the conference was to facilitate higher level consciousness by guiding the participants though a process aimed at articulating assets, possibilities and the potential for co-creating the desired future where racial disparities in birth outcome are eliminated. As the result of the guided discourse that began with photographs of the lives of African American women, participants articulated the strengths they detected from the pictures, their recommendations for multifaceted changes in policies and practices, and their individual and organizational commitments for a changed future. Since the summit, participants have indicated ways they have fulfilled their vows that include informing families and communities about pregnancy risks, working with youth programs, supporting fatherhood involvement in pregnancy and birth, and advancing case management that is more attuned to women's strengths. Save 100 Babies© is evolving into a network and clearinghouse for sharing and disseminating information and resources for collaboration. PMID:24474593

Jackson, Fleda Mask; Saran, Ama R; Ricks, Sharon; Essien, Joyce; Klein, Kevin; Roberts, Darryl; Worthy, Natasha

2014-10-01

5

Making Education Equitable in Rural China through Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Distance Education Project for Rural Schools (DEPRS) was implemented by the Chinese government between 2003 and 2007 to improve the quality of basic education in rural areas of China, especially in the poorer western provinces. It has been referred to as "the largest ICT project in the world up to now" because "it serves a larger population…

McQuaide, Shiling

2009-01-01

6

Standard-Driven Variety: Why Must Equitable Outcomes Be the "Same" Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, economists and policymakers agree that raising the level of achievement for more learners is important. Studies of global workforce competitiveness regularly point toward the goal of nearly everyone achieving skills and knowledge commensurate with at least two years of higher education. According to this author, educators have…

Donohue, Nicholas C.

2007-01-01

7

Equitable Access for Underrepresented Students in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial and ethnic disproportionality in gifted education is a persistent and perennial inequity in many school districts. This report describes the root causes of this disproportionality and discusses ways in which this issue can be addressed. Whereas most of the attention has been paid to assessment, specifically the use of nonverbal tests to…

Payne, Alexander

2011-01-01

8

Culturally Proficient Coaching: Supporting Educators to Create Equitable Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural classrooms require a multifaceted approach to creating inclusive, learning-rich environments that empower all students. To meet this growing need, "Culturally Proficient Coaching" provides educators with a simple, yet comprehensive, new framework: a powerful fusion of the field-tested and respected Cognitive Coaching and Cultural…

Lindsey, Delores B.; Martinez, Richard S.; Lindsey, Randall B.

2006-01-01

9

Outcomes-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes-based education (OBE) is a controversial model of educational restructuring that defines learning as what students can demonstrate that they know. This document reviews four journal articles and one bulletin that reflect a range of perspectives on OBE's potential promise and problems. In "Organizing for Results: The Basis of Authentic…

McNeir, Gwennis

1993-01-01

10

Didacticism and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This note provides an analysis of the determinants of educational outcomes at age 16, and of subsequent pathways as school pupils transit toward the labour market. There is some evidence that examination results tend to be better where nondidactic teaching methods are used, but there is little evidence to suggest that teaching method has an…

Johnes, Geraint

2006-01-01

11

Education in a Diverse Society Necessitates the Implementation of an Equitable Language Policy: The Russian Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russia's secondary school populations are becoming increasingly diverse in terms of ethnicity, culture, language, and religion. The growing diversity makes a considerable impact on the functions and goals of schools, the realization of which requires the implementation of an equitable language policy. In this article, I briefly represent…

Sinagatullin, Ilghiz M.

2013-01-01

12

Barriers to Equitable Access: Higher Education Policy and Practice in Chile Since 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines higher education policy in Chile after the return to democracy in 1990 from an equity perspective. Chile faces the challenge of implementing equity-oriented policies within the legal confines of an education system constructed under the neoliberal model and introduced by the military government (1973-1990). This has resulted in…

Matear, Ann

2006-01-01

13

Sreyashi Jhumki Basu: Building a More Equitable World through Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. Sreyashi Jhumki Basu was a scholar committed to equity and social justice in science education who passed away in December 2008. In this essay, I describe Jhumki's research and the call to action her life's work has laid out for the science education community. In particular, I draw attention to the role of critical science agency in learning…

Barton, Angela Calabrese

2009-01-01

14

Ramadan, Fasting and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a difference-in-differences framework, we estimate the impact of Ramadan on educational outcomes of Muslim students living in a non-Muslim country. For identification we exploit that the number of Ramadan weeks during the course that we study, varies from year to year, ranging from zero to four. Our main finding is that Ramadan observance…

Oosterbeek, Hessel; van der Klaauw, Bas

2013-01-01

15

Sreyashi Jhumki Basu: Building a more equitable world through science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dr. Sreyashi Jhumki Basu was a scholar committed to equity and social justice in science education who passed away in December 2008. In this essay, I describe Jhumki's research and the call to action her life's work has laid out for the science education community. In particular, I draw attention to the role of critical science agency in learning and the democratic science pedagogy model that Jhumki developed to support students in crafting such agency.

Barton, Angela Calabrese

2009-06-01

16

Is Increasing Private Expenditure, Especially in Tertiary Education, Associated with Less Public Funding and Less Equitable Access? Education Indicators in Focus. No. 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Education Indicators in Focus" is a recurring series of briefs that highlight specific indicators in "OECD's Education at a Glance" that are of particular interest to policy makers and practitioners. They provide a detailed look into current issues in pre-primary, primary and secondary education, higher education, and adult outcomes from a global…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

17

Outcome-Based Education: A Success Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sparta (Illinois) Board of Education's efforts to improve their district's educational delivery system by adopting an outcome-based approach involving specific instructional strategies, a uniform discipline program, and outcomes developed for each grade level. (MLH)

Brown, Alan S.

1988-01-01

18

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective, urban middle school in a large district that participated in several reform efforts. These reforms include both efforts focused on school-level change and efforts focused on change in science teaching and learning. Its program incorporates aspects of several school-level reforms---from the underlying Paideia philosophy, to structural characteristics of middle schools, to site-based decision-making, to its status as a magnet school, to its participation as a professional development school. Further, the participation of all science teachers in the intensive, standards-based professional development offered by Ohio's systemic reform of mathematics and science created a critical mass of reform-oriented teachers who supported one another as they incorporated reform-based practices into their teaching. The interplay of the reform efforts has manifested in a high level of science achievement in comparison to the school's district. Addressing the third component of O'Day and Smith's model for systemic reform, the need for school-level change to enable implementation of curriculum frameworks and aligned policies, this study illustrates two important points. First, the high-quality teacher professional development increased teachers' capacity to change their practices by enhancing their knowledge of and skills in implementing standards-based teaching practices. Second, because of the synchrony among the school-level reforms and between the school-level and science education reforms, the context of Webster provided a supportive environment in which lasting changes in science teaching and learning were implemented. Science education reform efforts were mediated by the school's context to create an environment in which the reform practices could be implemented and sustained. Using Kahle's (1998) Equity Metric, this study demonstrates that the synergy of the policies and practices of school-level and science education reforms can contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform.

Kelly, Mary Kathryn

19

Measuring Inclusive Education Outcomes in Alberta, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study details the results of a review of the academic and public sector literature on measuring inclusive education in large systems. It highlights some outcomes drawn from the international literature on inclusion that might be indicative of the presence and quality of inclusive education in an effort to develop a set of outcomes for…

Loreman, Tim

2014-01-01

20

Healthy school meals and educational outcomes.  

PubMed

This paper provides field evidence on the effects of diet on educational outcomes, exploiting a campaign lead in the UK in 2004, which introduced drastic changes in the meals offered in the schools of one borough - Greenwich - shifting from low-budget processed meals towards healthier options. We evaluate the effect of the campaign on educational outcomes in primary schools using a difference in differences approach; comparing educational outcomes in primary schools (Key Stage 2 outcomes more specifically) before and after the reform, using the neighbouring Local Education Authorities as a control group. We find evidence that educational outcomes did improve significantly in English and Science. We also find that authorized absences - which are most likely linked to illness and health - fell by 14%. PMID:21458872

Belot, Michèle; James, Jonathan

2011-05-01

21

PROGRAM OUTCOMES AND EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Identify intended outcomes of the health education program.  

E-print Network

/promotion programs designed to promote health and reduce the risk for developing disease. Upon the successfulPROGRAM OUTCOMES AND EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Identify intended outcomes of the health education program. The intended student outcomes of the Department of Health Promotion are to train health promotion

Ward, Karen

22

Outcome-Based Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a summary of research on outcome-based education (OBE). The first section provides an overview of the evolution and history of OBE in the United States. Other outcome-based models are described in the second section. The third section reviews research on OBE and related concepts, including mastery learning, cooperative…

Kearney, James M.

23

The Relationship between Educational Expenditures and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

(english) This paper presents a survey of the large empirical literature in economics that has sought to examine the relationship between educational expenditures and outcomes in both developed and developing countries. The main feature of this literature is the remarkable lack of consensus about the results of standard studies using the ‘education production function’ conceptual framework, whether at the macro

François Leclercq

2005-01-01

24

Improving Educational Outcomes through Learning Assistants in  

E-print Network

updates Develop new material to integrate active, inquiry-based learning Weekly meetingsImproving Educational Outcomes through Learning Assistants in Biology, Chemistry, and Physics Knight ­ SED Science Education #12;Boston University Slideshow Title Goes Here What is a Learning

Lin, Xi

25

Educational Outcomes and Competencies across the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to evaluate college effectiveness and ensure student academic achievement, St. Vincent's College, a small two-year health science college in Bridgeport, Connecticut, formed a task force to develop general education outcomes across the curriculum. The college's general education core curriculum consists of 25 credits, including…

McCain, Anita K.; Hine, Terry; Wolfertz, Joanne

26

Student Outcomes. The Forum for Liberal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of approaches to student outcomes in higher education are described and an essay on the topic is included in this bulletin. In the essay, "The Campus as a Learning Environment," Douglas Heath suggests the significance of such projects for liberal education in the broadest sense. The following programs are discussed: Institutional Program…

Mohrman, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

27

Latino Educational Outcomes and the Campus Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a longitudinal study aimed at understanding the factors that affect educational outcomes for Latinos. They explore Latino students' perceptions of the campus climate, their sense of belonging in college, their analytical skills and abilities, and their development of a pluralistic orientation necessary to function in a diverse…

Hurtado, Sylvia; Ponjuan, Luis

2005-01-01

28

Culturally Diverse and Underserved Populations of Gifted Students in the United States and in Taiwan: Equitable Access to Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a continuing increase in the African American and Hispanic student populations in public schools. The students who are invited to gifted programs are overwhelmingly White. This is the situation in schools in the United States and also in Taiwan. Misunderstanding or unawareness of culture difference among educators might contribute to…

Ho, Ya-Ting

2014-01-01

29

Empowering Students through Outcome-Based Education (OBE)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been greater attention in recent times on the outcomes of the education system so that the return on investments in education could be evaluated. It is measured based on tangible performance indicators and intangible students' outcome known as outcome-based education (OBE). Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia has implemented an OBE system…

Kaliannan, Maniam; Chandran, Suseela Devi

2012-01-01

30

Higher Education Structure and Education Outcomes: Evidence from the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents substantial differences across states in their higher education (HE) structures and highlights several empirical relationships between these structures and individuals' HE outcomes. Not surprisingly, individuals who are exposed to more-fractionalized HE structures are more likely to attend small public universities and…

Koedel, Cory

2014-01-01

31

Equitable random graphs.  

PubMed

Random graph models have played a dominant role in the theoretical study of networked systems. The Poisson random graph of Erd?s and Rényi, in particular, as well as the so-called configuration model, have served as the starting point for numerous calculations. In this paper we describe another large class of random graph models, which we call equitable random graphs and which are flexible enough to represent networks with diverse degree distributions and many nontrivial types of structure, including community structure, bipartite structure, degree correlations, stratification, and others, yet are exactly solvable for a wide range of properties in the limit of large graph size, including percolation properties, complete spectral density, and the behavior of homogeneous dynamical systems, such as coupled oscillators or epidemic models. PMID:25493850

Newman, M E J; Martin, Travis

2014-11-01

32

Equitable random graphs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Random graph models have played a dominant role in the theoretical study of networked systems. The Poisson random graph of Erd?s and Rényi, in particular, as well as the so-called configuration model, have served as the starting point for numerous calculations. In this paper we describe another large class of random graph models, which we call equitable random graphs and which are flexible enough to represent networks with diverse degree distributions and many nontrivial types of structure, including community structure, bipartite structure, degree correlations, stratification, and others, yet are exactly solvable for a wide range of properties in the limit of large graph size, including percolation properties, complete spectral density, and the behavior of homogeneous dynamical systems, such as coupled oscillators or epidemic models.

Newman, M. E. J.; Martin, Travis

2014-11-01

33

Outcome-Based Education. ERIC Digest, No. 85.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest examines the tenets of outcome-based education (OBE), outlines some of its primary criticisms and challenges, and describes successful OBE models implemented in various school districts. Outcome-based education (OBE) is one model for restructuring currently being examined nationwide. In contrast to traditional educational practices…

McNeir, Gwennis

34

A Model of Equitable and Sustainable Redistribution of Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is one of the pillars in which a Welfare State is effectively based on in order to achieve an equitable distribution of wealth. In contemporary society, knowledge and education are among the most appreciated goods, and everyone should have the right to acquire them, without distinction of gender, race, age, health or religion. From our…

Garcia, Ana Maria Delgado; Cuello, Rafael Oliver

2010-01-01

35

A call for outcomes research in medical education.  

PubMed

The primary goal of medical education is to produce physicians who deliver high-quality health care. Recent calls for greater accountability in medical education and the development of outcomes research methodologies should encourage a new research effort to examine the effects of medical training upon clinical outcomes. The authors offer a research agenda that links medical education and quality of health care and give specific examples of potential research projects that would begin to examine that relationship. A proposed model of patient outcomes research in medical education recognizes the contributory effects of health care system-level factors as well as the continuum of medical education, process measures, and individual training and preparedness to deliver high-quality care. There exists an opportunity to create a research agenda in medical education outcomes research that is multidisciplinary, broad based, and focused on patient-centered outcomes. PMID:15383351

Chen, Frederick M; Bauchner, Howard; Burstin, Helen

2004-10-01

36

Assessing Outcomes in Optometric Education: A Commentary by the Council on Optometric Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statement of the Council for Optometric Education (COE) defines and characterizes educational outcomes, outcomes assessment, and outcomes data, and explains the reasons for outcomes assessment, its relationship to curricular design, and its function in accreditation of optometry programs. Stated COE standards and expectations of optometry…

Optometric Education, 1998

1998-01-01

37

Perspective Transformation: Analyzing the Outcomes of International Education  

E-print Network

PERSPECTIVE TRANSFORMATION: ANALYZING THE OUTCOMES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION A Dissertation by KRISTA DIANE TACEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Diane Tacey PERSPECTIVE TRANSFORMATION: ANALYZING THE OUTCOMES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION A Dissertation by KRISTA DIANE TACEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Tacey, Krista Diane

2012-10-19

38

Influences of Mastery Goal and Perceived Competence on Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivation research has shown significant relations of students' mastery goal orientation and perceived competence to educational outcomes, but has not simultaneously scrutinized their relative influences on various educational outcomes. In the present investigation, a sample of Australian students from 6 secondary schools in Western Sydney…

Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Craven, Rhonda G.; Kaur, Gurvinder

2014-01-01

39

State Funding and the Equal Educational Opportunity of Language Minority Students: The Texas Public School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served  

E-print Network

School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served. (December 2010) Noelle Rogers Eason, B.A., Texas A&M University; M.A., Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Rafael Lara-Alecio Dr... (Baker & Markham, 2002; Berne & Stiefel, 1984; NCES, 2003). The number of ELL students Texas schools has increased dramatically from 1998 to 2008 (Cortez & Johnson, 2008). According to TEA (2009), between 1998-1999 and 2008-2009, the number of ELL...

Eason, Noelle Rogers

2012-02-14

40

Strategies for gender-equitable HIV services in rural India  

PubMed Central

The emergence of HIV in rural India has the potential to heighten gender inequity in a context where women already suffer significant health disparities. Recent Indian health policies provide new opportunities to identify and implement gender-equitable rural HIV services. In this review, we adapt Mosley and Chen's conceptual framework of health to outline determinants for HIV health services utilization and outcomes. Examining the framework through a gender lens, we conduct a comprehensive literature review for gender-related gaps in HIV clinical services in rural India, focusing on patient access and outcomes, provider practices, and institutional partnerships. Contextualizing findings from rural India in the broader international literature, we describe potential strategies for gender-equitable HIV services in rural India, as responses to the following three questions: (1) What gender-specific patient needs should be addressed for gender-equitable HIV testing and care? (2) What do health care providers need to deliver HIV services with gender equity? (3) How should institutions enforce and sustain gender-equitable HIV services? Data at this early stage indicate substantial gender-related differences in HIV services in rural India, reflecting prevailing gender norms. Strategies including gender-specific HIV testing and care services would directly address current gender-specific patient needs. Rural care providers urgently need training in gender sensitivity and HIV-related communication and clinical skills. To enforce and sustain gender equity, multi-sectoral institutions must establish gender-equitable medical workplaces, interdisciplinary HIV services partnerships, and oversight methods, including analysis of gender-disaggregated data. A gender-equitable approach to rural India's rapidly evolving HIV services programmes could serve as a foundation for gender equity in the overall health care system. PMID:19244284

Sinha, Gita; Peters, David H; Bollinger, Robert C

2009-01-01

41

Public University Entry in Ghana: Is It Equitable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public universities in Ghana are highly subsidised by the central government and account for about 80 per cent of university students in the country. Yet issues of fairness in terms of entry into the public university system have so far hardly been addressed. To find out whether participation in public university education is equitable, the…

Yusif, Hadrat; Yussof, Ishak; Osman, Zulkifly

2013-01-01

42

Preservice Teachers' Belief Systems toward Curricular Outcomes for Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was grounded in the belief systems and physical activity literature and investigated preservice teachers' belief systems toward curricular outcomes for physical education programs. Preservice teachers (N = 486; men = 62%, women = 38%) from 18 U.S. colleges/universities shared their beliefs about curricular outcomes. Preservice teachers…

Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; Brusseau, Timothy; Ferry, Matthew; Cothran, Donetta

2010-01-01

43

School Choice and Educational Opportunity: Rationales, Outcomes and Racial Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the rationales for school choice, and the significance of choice mechanisms for racial disparities in educational opportunities and outcomes. It identifies tensions between liberty-based rationales and equality-based rationales, and surveys research findings on the outcomes of school choice policies, especially with regard to…

Ben-Porath, Sigal

2012-01-01

44

The Trouble with Outcomes: Pragmatic Inquiry and Educational Aims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although outcomes assessment (OA) has become "common sense" in higher education, this article shows that the concept of "outcomes" tends to limit and compromise teaching and learning while serving the interests of institutional management. By contrast, the pragmatic concept of consequences tends to expand our view of teaching and learning, and…

Gallagher, Chris W.

2012-01-01

45

Understanding the Workforce Outcomes of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for educational programs to show their return on investment is exemplified in the intense debate surrounding gainful employment programs--defined as programs that lead to gainful employment in a recognized occupation and theoretically differ from programs that offer education in the liberal arts or prepare students for further education.…

Mullin, Christopher M.

2012-01-01

46

Research on the Outcomes of Elementary School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of objective assessments of the short- and long-term outcomes of elementary school physical education programs. Evaluations have used a variety of designs, including longitudinal and tracking studies as well as correlational analyses. The short-term effect of physical education on health and…

Shephard, Roy J.; Trudeau, Francois

2008-01-01

47

The outcomes of doctoral education: An institutional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to establish baseline data on the outcomes of doctoral education at a private, urban university. Through the use of a survey instrument developed by the researchers, Ph.D. and Ed.D. recipients from 16 departments who had graduated between 1963 and 1984 were contacted. Three primary areas were examined: (1) the impact of doctoral education on career development, (2)

Eileen M. Kolman; Karen S. Gallagher; Donald Hossler; Francis Catania

1987-01-01

48

Model Learner Outcomes for Technology Education/Industrial Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides model learner outcomes used by communities and schools to improve learning experiences in trade and industrial education. It contains a mission statement for public education in Minnesota and 13 learner goals that must be incorporated into each district's goal statements. The bulk of this document contains model learner…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

49

Performance theory based outcome measurement in engineering education and training  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach is presented to improve engineering education that is based on new concepts of systems performance and classic feedback theory. An important aspect is the use of general systems performance theory (GSPT) to provide a performance model of the educational system and as a basis for the key outcome metrics: the volumes of performance capacity envelopes of individual students.

William E. Dillon; George V. Kondraske; Louis J. Everett; Richard A. Volz

2000-01-01

50

PISA Proficiency Scores Predict Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) examines the extent to which 15-year-old students who are near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the competencies essential for participation in the labor market and society. Given that this participation hinges on educational attainment, it is crucial to empirically…

Fischbach, Antoine; Keller, Ulrich; Preckel, Franzis; Brunner, Martin

2013-01-01

51

The Development of NOAA Education Common Outcome Performance Measures (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Education Council has embarked on an ambitious Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) project that will allow it to assess education program outcomes and impacts across the agency, line offices, and programs. The purpose of this internal effort is to link outcome measures to program efforts and to evaluate the success of the agency's education programs in meeting the strategic goals. Using an outcome-based evaluation approach, the NOAA Education Council is developing two sets of common outcome performance measures, environmental stewardship and professional development. This presentation will examine the benefits and tradeoffs of common outcome performance measures that collect program results across a portfolio of education programs focused on common outcomes. Common outcome performance measures have a few benefits to our agency and to the climate education field at large. The primary benefit is shared understanding, which comes from our process for writing common outcome performance measures. Without a shared and agreed upon set of definitions for the measure of an outcome, the reported results may not be measuring the same things and would incorrectly indicate levels of performance. Therefore, our writing process relies on a commitment to developing a shared set of definitions based on consensus. We hope that by taking the time to debate and coming to agreement across a diverse set of programs, the strength of our common measures can indicate real progress towards outcomes we care about. An additional benefit is that these common measures can be adopted and adapted by other agencies and organizations that share similar theories of change. The measures are not without their drawbacks, and we do make tradeoffs as part of our process in order to continue making progress. We know that any measure is necessarily a narrow slice of performance. A slice that may not best represent the unique and remarkable contribution of an individual program, but does reflect a variety of contributions along a single dimension across a large portfolio of programs. The process has ended up pushing our working group to call for even more measures, to capture an increasing number of dimensions that reflect the nature of the portfolio of programs. This past year we have been working on developing two sets of common outcome performance measures for professional development (PD) and stewardship education programs. The outcome we chose for PD programs was the use of what was learned in the educator's practice. The outcome we chose for stewardship programs was the stewardship behaviors that participants learn and practice. The measurement of these outcomes will inform whether our strategies are having their intended impact. By knowing how and how much these outcomes are occurring as a result of our program, we can improve program performance over time. The common outcome performance measures help demonstrate how these programs engage audiences in supporting NOAA's mission. As AGU climate literacy community continues to grow, it is important to consider an approach to demonstrate the community's contribution to the Nation's climate literacy. Development of common outcome performance measures is one approach that could help focus the community in meeting its goals.

Baek, J.

2013-12-01

52

Educational Cartography: Mapping the Learning Outcomes Frontier.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a philosophy and outlines a process that enables institutions to sustain their values while providing evidence of their effectiveness. States that by shifting institutional focus to documentation of student achievement, institutions create a framework to convert implied learning assumptions into explicit learning outcomes. Asserts that…

Baker, Ronald L.

2001-01-01

53

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a policy priority in many countries. A growing body of research recognises that it provides a wide range of benefits, including social and economic benefits, better child well-being and learning outcomes as a foundation for lifelong learning, more equitable outcomes and reduction of poverty, and…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

54

A Quality of Life Framework for Special Education Outcomes  

E-print Network

A Quality of Life Framework for Special Education Outcomes H, RUTHERFORD TURNBULL Ill, ANN P. TURNBULL, AND JIYEON PARK MICHAEL L. WEHMEYER, ABSTRACT The national goals of higher expectations for all stu- dents and their emphasis on academic...-stakes testing for this population are evident and poten- tially quite harmful. 4. The establishment of high-stakes consequences for students based on their performance on statewide tests as- sumes that the threat of failing to achieve desired outcomes...

Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Turnbull, Ann P.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Park, Jiyeon

2003-01-01

55

New measures to establish the evidence base for medical education: identifying educationally sensitive patient outcomes.  

PubMed

Researchers lack the rich evidence base and benchmark patient outcomes needed to evaluate the effectiveness of medical education practice and guide policy. The authors offer a framework for medical education research that focuses on physician-influenced patient outcomes that are potentially sensitive to medical education. Adapting the concept of ambulatory care sensitive conditions, which provided traction to health services research by defining benchmark patient outcomes to measure health system performance, the authors introduce the concept and propose the adoption of educationally sensitive patient outcomes and suggest two measures: patient activation and clinical microsystem activation. They assert that the ultimate goal of medical education is to ensure that measurement of future physicians' competence and skills is based not only on biomedical knowledge and critical clinical skills but also on the ability to translate these competencies into effective patient- and systems-level outcomes. The authors consider methodological approaches and challenges to measuring such outcomes and argue for large, multiinstitutional, prospective cohort studies and the development of a national Database for Research in Education in Academic Medicine to provide the needed infrastructure. They advocate taking the next steps to establish an educational evidence base to guide the academic medical centers of the 21st century in aligning medical education practice with health care delivery that meets the needs of individuals and populations. PMID:20520038

Kalet, Adina L; Gillespie, Colleen C; Schwartz, Mark D; Holmboe, Eric S; Ark, Tavinder K; Jay, Melanie; Paik, Steve; Truncali, Andrea; Hyland Bruno, Julia; Zabar, Sondra R; Gourevitch, Marc N

2010-05-01

56

Goals and Outcomes for Science Education in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the five goals and supporting outcomes that represent students' knowledge and habits of mind resulting from participation in a pre-K through grade-13 science education programs in Ohio. The five goals are in the following areas: (1) the nature of science, (2) the physical setting, (3) the living environment, (4) societal perspectives, and…

Ohio Department of Education

1993-01-01

57

Modifying Softball for Maximizing Learning Outcomes in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Softball is taught in many physical education programs throughout the United States. This article describes modifications that maximize learning outcomes and that address the National Standards and safety recommendations. The modifications focus on tasks and equipment, developmentally appropriate motor-skill acquisition, increasing number of…

Brian, Ali; Ward, Phillip; Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Sutherland, Sue

2014-01-01

58

Corruption and Educational Outcomes: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corruption is a problem that continues to plague developed and developing countries worldwide. Previous studies have explored the negative implications of corruption on several aspects of human development, but, despite its serious and long-lasting consequences, the impact of corruption on educational outcomes has started to receive attention only…

Huang, Francis Lim

2008-01-01

59

The Constant Error of the Halo in Educational Outcomes Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests correlations between student gains and college experiences may be an artifact of halo effect. A study examined whether halo error underlies students' self-reported gains, significance of the error, and its effect on the relationship between college experiences and educational outcomes. Results confirm halo error may be an…

Pike, Gary R.

1999-01-01

60

The Impact of Chile's School Feeding Program on Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chile operates one of the oldest and largest school feeding programs in Latin America, targeting higher-calorie meals to relatively poorer schools. This paper evaluates the impact of higher-calorie meals on the education outcomes of public, rural schools and their students. It applies a regression-discontinuity design to administrative data,…

McEwan, Patrick J.

2013-01-01

61

Globalization, Learning Outcomes, and Possibilities for Theological Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Respecting religious diversity while also staying true to the role of faith in theological practice remains a challenge in contemporary education. This is made more complex by the role of learning outcomes to assess student learning. This article first emphasizes the role of faith in theological discourse and then raises questions about the nature…

Buhrman, William D.

2011-01-01

62

Suhrawardi's Epistemological Point of View and Its Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates Suhrawardi's epistemological and philosophical point of view in order to analyze and elicit its educational outcomes. His philosophy, which can be called eclectic philosophy (involving intellect and intuition), regularly proposes a different philosophical system with intuitionist outlook. It is the combination of two…

Nowrozi, Reza Ali; Ardakani, Seyed Hassan Hashemi; Shiri, Ali Shiravani

2012-01-01

63

The Influence of Sexual Identity on Higher Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research empirically explores how sexual identity influences higher education outcomes for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) college students. A path model was constructed with structural equation modeling using responses from 1,125 non-heterosexual college students. The model includes four psychological variables (level of sexual…

Sorgen, Carl H., IV.

2011-01-01

64

Product Outcome Objectives: Model Grant to Serve Educationally Disadvantaged Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three Oregon community colleges collaborated to develop a model program to meet the learning needs of educationally disadvantaged students. The model consists of several Outcome Objectives, or goals for the program. The discussion of each objective includes background information relevant to the specific goal and a description of the methods used…

Portland Community Coll., OR.

65

Migration, Remittances and Educational Outcomes: The Case of Haiti  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper empirically investigates how migration and the receipt of remittances affect educational outcomes in Haiti. Based on a theoretical approach it tries to disentangle the effects of both phenomena that have mostly been jointly modeled in previous literature. The results suggest that remittances play an important role for poor households in…

Bredl, Sebastian

2011-01-01

66

Qualitative research and outcomes in health, social work and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to outline ways in which qualitative research has a contribution to make to research on outcomes in Health, Social Work and Education. It is a methodology paper with a practical purpose. Large tracts of inquiry work (a broad term to cover research, evaluation, policy analysis, and practitioner research) are concerned with questions about the

Ian Shaw

2003-01-01

67

High-Leverage Leadership: Improving Outcomes in Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalisation of world trade, international media, technological innovation and social change are creating opportunities and challenges that today's pupils will inherit and build on. A pupil's academic, technical and social capacity will define their success or failure. Therefore, educational outcomes and well-being for young people across…

Mongon, Denis; Chapman, Christopher

2011-01-01

68

Outcomes of dental hygiene baccalaureate degree education in Canada.  

PubMed

There is little published literature about the outcomes of dental hygiene baccalaureate degree education, particularly in Canada. Since there are various dental hygiene entry-to-practice educational models in Canada, exploring baccalaureate dental hygiene education is becoming an increasingly important subject. The purpose of this study was to explore the personal outcomes and dental hygiene practice outcomes of dental hygiene degree-completion education in Canada from the perspectives of diploma dental hygienists who have continued their education to the bachelor's degree level. This study employed a qualitative phenomenological design, using a maximum variation purposeful sampling strategy. Data generation occurred with sixteen dental hygienists across Canada through individual semistructured interviews. Interviews were audiorecorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded for data analysis, involving pattern recognition and thematic development. Themes that emerged included changes in self-perception, values, and knowledge base. Changes in self-perception were reflected in a reported increase in self-confidence and perceived credibility. Changes in values included a greater appreciation for lifelong learning. Advancements in knowledge strengthened the development of specific abilities that ultimately influenced participants' dental hygiene practice. These abilities included an increased ability to think critically, to make evidence-based decisions, and to provide more comprehensive care. Participants also commented on having more career opportunities available to them outside of the private clinical practice setting. These results reveal important insights into the impact of earning a dental hygiene baccalaureate degree on oneself and one's dental hygiene practice. PMID:21368255

Kanji, Zul; Sunell, Susanne; Boschma, Geertje; Imai, Pauline; Craig, Bonnie J

2011-03-01

69

Standardized Testing: Undermining Equity in Education. Report Prepared for the National Issues in Education Initiative = Les Tests Standardises: Atteinte a L'Equite en Education. Rapport Prepare dans le Cadre de la Campagne des Dossiers Nationaux en Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in assessment policy have resulted in a proliferation of testing in Canadian schools. Advocates claim that more testing will result in greater accountability, but this book states that there is little evidence to support standardized testing from a pedagogical perspective. It examines the effects of standardized testing on educational

Froese-Germain, Bernie

70

Interrogating Social Justice in Early Years Education: How Effectively Do Contemporary Policies and Practices Create Equitable Learning Environments for Indigenous Australian Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines some of the contemporary policies and practices in Australian early years education to provide an insight into why social justice is such a critical element in preparing Australia's Indigenous children to engage in learning experiences in ways that will enable them to establish sound foundations for their future learning…

Herbert, Jeannie

2013-01-01

71

Partnering with diabetes educators to improve patient outcomes  

PubMed Central

Diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that affects millions worldwide. The paradigm of diabetes management has shifted to focus on empowering the person with diabetes to manage the disease successfully and to improve their quality of life. Diabetes self-management education is a collaborative process through which people with diabetes gain the knowledge and skills needed to modify their behavior and to self-manage successfully the disease and its related conditions. Diabetes educators are health care professionals who apply in-depth knowledge and skills in the biological and social sciences, communication, counseling, and pedagogy to enable patients to manage daily and future challenges. Diabetes educators are integral in providing individualized education and promoting behavior change, using a framework of seven self-care behaviors known as the AADE7 Self-Care Behaviors™, developed by the American Association of Diabetes Educators. The iterative process of promoting behavior change includes assessment, goal setting, planning, implementation, evaluation, and documentation. Diabetes educators work as part of the patient’s health care team to engage with the patient in informed, shared decision making. The increasing prevalence of diabetes and the growing focus on its prevention require strategies for providing people with knowledge, skills, and strategies they need and can use. The diabetes educator is the logical facilitator of change. Access to diabetes education is critically important; incorporating diabetes educators into more and varied practice settings will serve to improve clinical and quality of life outcomes for persons with diabetes. PMID:24550679

Burke, Sandra D; Sherr, Dawn; Lipman, Ruth D

2014-01-01

72

Redesigning medical education to improve health care delivery and outcomes.  

PubMed

The need to improve the health of individuals and populations by providing high-quality health care has become a priority and has led to the implementation of various quality indicators to measure performance and outcomes. However, significant disparities exist in the health care delivery and outcomes among individuals that can only intensify, considering the future projections for an aging and increasingly diverse population. This article provides the authors' perspectives on how these issues can be addressed and overcome by redesigning medical education so the future generations of physicians have the necessary knowledge, skills, and attitudes to provide high-quality, patient-centered, and culturally sensitive care. PMID:23364415

Alexandraki, Irene; Mooradian, Arshag D

2013-01-01

73

The Strategy for Learning Outcomes at Higher Education Institutions in Sweden ISSN 1340-8550  

E-print Network

20 23 9 The Strategy for Learning Outcomes at Higher Education Institutions in Sweden ISSN 1340-8550 #12; [] The Strategy for Learning Outcomes at Higher Education Institutions in Sweden Institutions in Sweden #12;The Strategy for Learning Outcomes at Higher Education Institutions in Sweden

Banbara, Mutsunori

74

Education Outcomes and Poverty: A Reassessment. Education, Poverty and International Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do we know about the outcomes of education in developing countries? Where are the gaps in our knowledge, and why are they important to fill? What are the policy challenges that underlie these knowledge gaps, and how can education best contribute to eliminating the problem of widespread poverty in the developing world? This book arises out of…

Colclough, Christopher, Ed.

2012-01-01

75

Student Identification with Business Education Models: Measurement and Relationship to Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although management scholars have provided a variety of metaphors to describe the role of students in management courses, researchers have yet to explore students' identification with the models and how they are linked to educational outcomes. This article develops a measurement tool for students' identification with business education models and…

Halbesleben, Jonathon R. B.; Wheeler, Anthony R.

2009-01-01

76

School Inputs And Educational Outcomes In South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the relationship between educational inputs-primarily pupil-teacher ratios-and school outcomes in South Africa immediately before the end of apartheid government. Black households were severely limited in their residential choice under apartheid and attended schools for which funding decisions were made centrally, by White-controlled entities over which they had no control. The allocations resulted in marked disparities in average class

Anne Case; Angus Deaton

1999-01-01

77

Public Health and Education Spending in Ghana in 1992?98: Issues of Equity and Efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an economy facing fiscal constraints, public spending in the social sectors needs to be linked to outcomes to ensure efficient and equitable delivery of services.Using primary data from the health and education ministries and household survey data from the Ghana Statistical Service, Canagarajah and Ye analyze equity and efficiency issues in public spending on health and education in Ghana

Xiao Ye; Sudharshan Canagarajah

2001-01-01

78

Medical specialty boards can help measure graduate medical education outcomes.  

PubMed

U.S. graduate medical education (GME) training institutions are under increasing scrutiny to measure program outcomes as a demonstration of accountability for the sizeable funding they receive from the federal government. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a potential agent of measuring GME accountability but has no interaction with physicians after residency training is completed. American Board of Medical Specialty (ABMS) member boards interact with physicians throughout their careers through maintenance of certification (MOC) and are a potential source of valuable data on physician competency and quality of care, both of which could be used to measure GME accountability.The authors propose that ABMS boards and the ACGME deepen their existing relationship to better assess residency training outcomes. ABMS boards have a wealth of data on physicians collected as a by-product of MOC and business operations. Further, many ABMS boards collect practice demographics and scope-of-practice information through MOC enrollment surveys or recertification examination questionnaires. These data are potentially valuable in helping residencies know what their graduates are doing in practice. Part 4 of MOC generally involves assessment of the quality of care delivered in practice, and ABMS boards could share these deidentified data with the ACGME and residency programs to provide direct feedback on the practice outcomes of graduates.ABMS member boards and the ACGME should broaden their long-standing relationship to further develop shared roles and data-sharing mechanisms to better inform residencies and the public about GME training outcomes. PMID:24871232

Peterson, Lars E; Carek, Peter; Holmboe, Eric S; Puffer, James C; Warm, Eric J; Phillips, Robert L

2014-06-01

79

Sustainable and equitable urban environments in Asia  

E-print Network

This study identifies some of the factors and conditions that can encourage the development of sustainable and equitable urban environments. It argues that cities will continue to grow and that it is not productive to view ...

Badshah, Akhtar

1993-01-01

80

7 CFR 636.20 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.20 Equitable relief. (a) If a participant relied upon the advice or action...

2012-01-01

81

7 CFR 636.20 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVES PROGRAM § 636.20 Equitable relief. (a) If a participant relied upon the advice or action...

2010-01-01

82

7 CFR 636.20 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WILDLIFE HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM § 636.20 Equitable relief. (a) If a participant relied upon the advice or action...

2014-01-01

83

Consequences of family disruption on children's educational outcomes in Norway.  

PubMed

Using high-quality data from Norwegian population registers, we examine the relationship between family disruption and children's educational outcomes. We distinguish between disruptions caused by parental divorce and paternal death and, using a simultaneous equation model, pay particular attention to selection bias in the effect of divorce. We also allow for the possibility that disruption may have different effects at different stages of a child's educational career. Our results suggest that selection on time-invariant maternal characteristics is important and works to overstate the effects of divorce on a child's chances of continuing in education. Nevertheless, the experience of marital breakdown during childhood is associated with lower levels of education, and the effect weakens with the child's age at disruption. The effects of divorce are most pronounced for the transitions during or just beyond the high school level. In models that do not allow for selection, children who experienced a father's death appear less disadvantaged than children whose parents divorced. After we control for selection, however differences in the educational qualifications of children from divorced and bereaved families narrow substantially and, at mean ages of divorce, are almost non-existent. PMID:19771944

Steele, Fiona; Sigle-Rushton, Wendy; Kravdal, Øystein

2009-08-01

84

Can Sales Tax Revenue Equitably Finance Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988, 66 of Tennessee's rural school districts brought suit against the state government claiming that the school funding system of a local option sales tax discriminates against rural areas. This study examines the effects of increased reliance on local sales tax revenue on Tennessee's school expenditures. Not every county can support a major…

Jansen, Anicca C.

85

Motivational Climates, Achievement Goals, and Physical Education Outcomes: A Longitudinal Test of Achievement Goal Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research tested the longitudinal relations over a school?year between motivational climates, achievement goals, and five physical education outcomes, namely intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, positive attitude, exertion, and attendance in physical education. The results showed that students’ mastery goals measured early in the school?year (Time 1) predicted all five physical education outcomes one year later (Time 2), controlling for

Hallgeir Halvari; Knut Skjesol; Tor Egil Bagøien

2011-01-01

86

Baylor Health Care System's journey to provide equitable care.  

PubMed

Baylor Health Care System* has a long history of addressing health disparities at its hospitals and clinics and in the communities it serves. The organization's definition of health equity has evolved from simply providing care that looks the same for all patients to providing care that is tailored to and effective at producing equitable outcomes for the highly diverse populations of North Texas. Baylor's overarching framework for achieving health equity requires work in three dimensions: improving access to care, improving care delivery, and ultimately producing equitable outcomes for patients. The strategies and tactics used by Baylor have also evolved over time and range from initiatives supporting volunteerism and community service to the operation of a network of clinics tailored to meet the needs of uninsured and underinsured patients. The factors contributing to disparities among different populations include a broad range of health system, medical, and societal issues, many of which are outside the direct scope of influence of hospitals and other healthcare organizations. We share how Baylor has proactively addressed disparities within the organization and its community in the hope of encouraging other hospitals and providers to engage in similar efforts to improve care for all patients. PMID:25291890

Allison, Joel T; Fullerton, Cliff; Chabira, Adam

2014-01-01

87

Developing Relationships & Partnerships between Tribes and the State to Ensure Equitable Resources & Quality Education for Native American Students. State of New Mexico Tribal-State Indian Education Summit Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 300 tribal representatives and educators from across New Mexico met at Ohkay Owingeh on December 19, 2005, to discuss ways to improve education for American Indian students in New Mexico. The Summit was a collaborative effort by New Mexico's Office of Indian Affairs, Public Education Department, Higher Education Department, and tribal…

New Mexico Higher Education Department, 2005

2005-01-01

88

A study on Korean nursing students' educational outcomes  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to describe outcome indicators of nursing education including critical thinking, professionalism, leadership, and communication and to evaluate differences among nursing programs and academic years. A descriptive research design was employed. A total of 454 students from four year baccalaureate (BS) nursing programs and two three-year associate degree (AD) programs consented to complete self-administered questionnaires. The variables were critical thinking, professionalism, leadership and communication. Descriptive statistics, ?2-test, t-tests, ANOVA, and the Tukey test were utilized for the data analysis. All the mean scores of the variables were above average for the test instruments utilized. Among the BS students, those in the upper classes tended to attain higher scores, but this tendency was not identified in AD students. There were significant differences between BS students and AD students for the mean scores of leadership and communication. These findings suggested the need for further research to define properties of nursing educational outcomes, and to develop standardized instruments for research replication and verification. PMID:21602914

Oh, Kasil; Lee, Hyang-Yeon; Lee, Sook-Ja; Kim, In-Ja; Choi, Kyung-Sook; Ko, Myung-Sook

2011-01-01

89

A study on Korean nursing students' educational outcomes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to describe outcome indicators of nursing education including critical thinking, professionalism, leadership, and communication and to evaluate differences among nursing programs and academic years. A descriptive research design was employed. A total of 454 students from four year baccalaureate (BS) nursing programs and two three-year associate degree (AD) programs consented to complete self-administered questionnaires. The variables were critical thinking, professionalism, leadership and communication. Descriptive statistics, ?(2)-test, t-tests, ANOVA, and the Tukey test were utilized for the data analysis. All the mean scores of the variables were above average for the test instruments utilized. Among the BS students, those in the upper classes tended to attain higher scores, but this tendency was not identified in AD students. There were significant differences between BS students and AD students for the mean scores of leadership and communication. These findings suggested the need for further research to define properties of nursing educational outcomes, and to develop standardized instruments for research replication and verification. PMID:21602914

Oh, Kasil; Ahn, Yang Heui; Lee, Hyang-Yeon; Lee, Sook-Ja; Kim, In-Ja; Choi, Kyung-Sook; Ko, Myung-Sook

2011-01-01

90

Improving health outcomes with better patient understanding and education  

PubMed Central

A central plank of health care reform is an expanded role for educated consumers interacting with responsive health care teams. However, for individuals to realize the benefits of health education also requires a high level of engagement. Population studies have documented a gap between expectations and the actual performance of behaviours related to participation in health care and prevention. Interventions to improve self-care have shown improvements in self-efficacy, patient satisfaction, coping skills, and perceptions of social support. Significant clinical benefits have been seen from trials of self-management or lifestyle interventions across conditions such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, heart failure and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the focus of many studies has been on short-term outcomes rather that long term effects. There is also some evidence that participation in patient education programs is not spread evenly across socio economic groups. This review considers three other issues that may be important in increasing the public health impact of patient education. The first is health literacy, which is the capacity to seek, understand and act on health information. Although health literacy involves an individual’s competencies, the health system has a primary responsibility in setting the parameters of the health interaction and the style, content and mode of information. Secondly, much patient education work has focused on factors such as attitudes and beliefs. That small changes in physical environments can have large effects on behavior and can be utilized in self-management and chronic disease research. Choice architecture involves reconfiguring the context or physical environment in a way that makes it more likely that people will choose certain behaviours. Thirdly, better means of evaluating the impact of programs on public health is needed. The Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework has been promoted as one such potential approach. PMID:22312219

Adams, Robert John

2010-01-01

91

Creating Excellent and Equitable Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators Linda Darling-Hammond and Diane Friedlaender share findings from their recent report highlighting five California high schools that have beaten the odds in supporting the success of low-income students of color. Animo Inglewood Charter High School, Stanley E. Foster Construction Tech Academy, June Jordan School for Equity, Leadership…

Darling-Hammond, Linda; Friedlaender, Diane

2008-01-01

92

An Exploration of Equitable Science Teaching Practices for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for…

Morales, Marlene

2011-01-01

93

Seeing Culture and Power in Mathematical Learning: Toward a Model of Equitable Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is centered on creating equitable opportunities for learners in mathematics education. Through observations of teacher practice, the paper seeks to theorize how teachers enact their dispositions toward mathematics instruction. These observed propensities, in relation to teachers' aims for students to "take up their space" in and beyond…

Hand, Victoria

2012-01-01

94

Leveling the Playing Field: Preparing Teachers for Equitable Instruction in Diverse, Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite greater responsibility for creating equitable and inclusive classroom models, some research suggests that educators "may not have the necessary attitudes, dispositions, or perhaps more important, the professional skills to successfully instruct students in diverse, inclusive classrooms" (Van Laarhoven, Munk, Lynch, Bosman & Rouse, 2007, p.…

Eva, Amy L.; Walker, Bridget

2010-01-01

95

A New Model for Equitable and Efficient Resource Allocation to Schools: The Israeli Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper sets out a new budget allocation formula for schools, designed to achieve a more equitable distribution of educational achievement. In addition to needs-based elements, the suggested composite allocation formula includes an improvement component, whereby schools receive budgetary allocations based on a new incentive measure developed in…

BenDavid-Hadar, Iris; Ziderman, Adrian

2011-01-01

96

What Did You Do All Day? Maternal Education and Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does maternal education have an impact on children's educational outcomes even at the very low levels found in many developing countries? We use instrumental variables analysis to address this issue in Pakistan. We find that children of mothers with some education spend 72 more minutes per day on educational activities at home. Mothers with some…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2012-01-01

97

Enhancing the Relevance and Value of Marketing Curriculum Outcomes to a Liberal Arts Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Could marketing coursework be part of the general education requirements for all college students? This article describes the ways in which the professional school marketing curriculum model (Schibrowsky, Peltier, & Boyt, 2002) can complement and enhance liberal arts education outcomes. First, the general relationship between liberal arts education and business education is reviewed. Second, the relevance of specific marketing curriculum

Ed Petkus

2007-01-01

98

75 FR 39994 - AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company, et al.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...File No. 812-13686] AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company, et al.; Notice of...APPLICANTS: AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company (``AXA Equitable...Equitable Separate Accounts''), MONY Life Insurance Company of America...

2010-07-13

99

Learning Outcomes across Disciplinary Divides and Contrasting National Higher Education Traditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many quarters, attempts are underway to identify learning outcomes in higher education which are context-neutral or "generic"; such measures could provide new ways to assess and compare outputs from higher education. This paper considers potential challenges in using such broad learning outcomes across contrasting disciplinary and…

Sweetman, Rachel; Hovdhaugen, Elisabeth; Karlsen, Hilde

2014-01-01

100

Understanding the Impact of Parent School Involvement on Children's Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent school involvement in children's education is associated with positive educational outcomes. This association has prompted efforts to increase such involvement through formal programs. However, among the few programs that have been rigorously evaluated, most do not appear to improve child outcomes. Using data from a study of 193 Los Angeles area 2nd- and 5th-grade children and their mothers, the

Gail L. Zellman; Jill M. Waterman

1998-01-01

101

Does Family Structure Affect Children's Educational Outcomes? NBER Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines correlations between children's educational outcomes and family structure. Although popular discussions focus on distinctions between two-parent and single-parent families, earlier research shows that outcomes for stepchildren are similar to outcomes for children in single-parent families, and earlier researchers suggested that…

Pollak, Robert A.; Ginther, Donna K.

102

A Meta-Analysis of Educational Data Mining on Improvements in Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-synthesis study was conducted of 60 research studies on educational data mining (EDM) and their impacts on and outcomes for improving learning outcomes. After an overview, an examination of these outcomes is provided (Romero, Ventura, Espejo, & Hervas, 2008; Romero, "et al.", 2011). Then, a review of other EDM-related research…

AlShammari, Iqbal A.; Aldhafiri, Mohammed D.; Al-Shammari, Zaid

2013-01-01

103

Promoting an equitable and supportive school climate in high schools: The role of school organizational health and staff burnout.  

PubMed

In response to persistent racial disparities in academic and behavioral outcomes between Black and White students, equitable school climate has drawn attention as a potential target for school reform. This study examined differences in Black and White students' experiences of school climate and explored whether indicators of school organizational health and staff burnout moderated differences in students' school experiences by race. Utilizing hierarchical linear modeling with a sample of 18,397 Black students (n=6228) and White students (n=12,169) and 2391 school staff in 53 schools, we found a consistent pattern of racial inequalities, such that Black students reported less positive experiences than White students across three indicators of school climate (caring ?=-0.08, p<.001; equity ?=-0.05, p=.007; and engagement ?=-0.05, p<.001). In addition, we found significant, positive associations between aggregated staff-report of school organizational health and student-reported school climate (e.g., staff affiliation and student-perceived equity, ?=0.07, p<.001). Surprisingly, a number of school organizational health indicators were more strongly associated with positive perceptions of school climate among White students than Black students, translating into greater racial disparities in perceived school climate at schools with greater organizational health (e.g., supportive leadership by race on student-perceived engagement, ?=-0.03, p=.042). We also found negative associations between staff-reported burnout and students' experience of equity, such that the racial gap was smaller in schools with high ratings of burnout (?=0.04, p=.002). These findings have implications for educators and education researchers interested in promoting school social contexts that equitably support student engagement and success. PMID:25432272

Bottiani, Jessika H; Bradshaw, Catherine P; Mendelson, Tamar

2014-12-01

104

Successful Schooling for All: A Primer on Outcome-Based Education and Mastery Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection brings together writings on two powerful approaches to education, outcome-based education (OBE) and mastery learning. OBE is about refocusing on the people in the educational system and their success in achieving excellence as learners and teachers. The following papers are included: (1) "Toward a Network Description of…

Gray, I. Lee, Ed.; Hymel, Glenn M., Ed.

105

Effects of Cooperative Education on Community College Employment Outcomes at the School to Work Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of cooperative education is to prepare students for the workplace by combining academic education with practical experience to develop employment competencies. This research compared employment outcomes and employment earnings for graduates from cooperative education programs with graduates from non-cooperative programs at a…

Goho, James; Rew, David

2009-01-01

106

Effects of Interactivity in Educational Games: A Mediating Role of Social Presence on Learning Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Networked interactivity is one of the essential factors that differentiate recent online educational games from traditional stand-alone CD-based games. Despite the growing popularity of online educational games, empirical studies about the effects of networked interactivity are relatively rare. The current study tests the effects of networked interactivity on game users' learning outcomes by comparing three groups (online educational quiz game

Kwan Min Lee; Eui Jun Jeong; Seoungho Ryu

2011-01-01

107

Construction of Engineering Education Program based on the Alumni's Evaluation of the Educational Outcome  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering in Toyota National College of Technology has put great emphasis on fundamental subjects, such as “electrical and electronic circuit" and “electromagnetism" more than 40 years. On the other hand, several issues of our college were clarified by the alumni's evaluation of the educational outcome in 2002. The most serious issue was low achievement of English and Social education. The alumni of all generation are dissatisfied with their low skill in English communication. As a part of the educational reforms, our department has constructed a new engineering education program focusing on fundamental ability. We introduced many problem-based-learning experiments and the compulsory subjects such as “English communication for electrical engineers" and “Engineering Ethics" into this program. Great educative results are obtained by these improvements. As a typical example, the scores of all 2nd grade students of advanced engineering course in TOEIC tests became 450 points or more. Our program has been authorized by JABEE since 2004.

Tsukamoto, Takehiko; Nishizawa, Hitoshi

108

The Case for Assessing Complex General Education Student Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment of general education has a long history, although relative to the age of liberal education and educational evaluation it is a very recent development. One of the first recorded efforts to comprehensively assess student achievement in higher education in the United States occurred in the late 1920s and early 1930s, when many institutions…

Penn, Jeremy D.

2011-01-01

109

Implementation and evaluation of Nursing Interventions Classification and Nursing Outcomes Classification in a patient education plan.  

PubMed

Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) are recognized examples of standardized nursing languages used to describe the contribution nursing makes to patient care. Columbus Regional Hospital nursing leadership recognized the need to use standardized nursing interventions and nursing-sensitive patient outcomes to describe the unique contribution nursing makes to patient education. In collaboration with the University of Iowa, NIC/NOC languages were implemented in the development of a patient education plan for a clinical pathway population. PMID:9610012

Hajewski, C; Maupin, J M; Rapp, D A; Sitterding, M; Pappas, J

1998-06-01

110

A study of the educational outcomes of the teacher-in-industry program  

E-print Network

of the educational outcomes of the internships based on teacher beliefs which has been conducted to date. P m erview Teacher-in-Industry In the Teacher-in-Industry Program, secondary science, mathematics and technology-related teachers serve summer internships... learning situations (Johnson 8c Johnson, 1986; Kagan, 1985). The desired educational outcomes of teacher internships are stressed in the science, technology and society literature. The Board of the National Science 20 Teachers Association (NSTA, 1984...

Metcalf, Teri Flynn

1991-01-01

111

Documenting Impact of Educational Contexts on Long-Term Outcomes for Students with Significant Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Follow-up studies of students with significant disabilities consistently indicate poor post-school outcomes. Although existing research indicates that services in inclusive general education contexts can result in positive short-term outcomes for these individuals during their school years, there are few investigations of the lives of adults with…

Ryndak, Diane Lea; Alper, Sandra; Hughes, Carolyn; McDonnell, John

2012-01-01

112

School-Level Environment and the Implementation of Outcomes-Based Education in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined secondary school teachers' perceptions of their school-level environment and its influence on implementation of outcomes-based education (OBE). Participating schools were in South Africa's Limpopo Province (one of its poorest rural provinces) and were implementing Curriculum 2005, a new outcomes-based approach to teaching and…

Mailula, Esrom M.; Laugksch, Rudiger C.; Aldridge, Jill M.; Fraser, Barry J.

113

Education and Outreach Work Team Recommendation to the University Sustainability Goals and Outcomes Committee  

E-print Network

Education and Outreach Work Team Recommendation to the University Sustainability Goals and Outcomes in sustainability reflects a shared realization that we need to better understand and influence how actions in one system domain affect outcomes in another domain (Figure 1). Decisions by present and future generations

Minnesota, University of

114

Young Adult Educational and Vocational Outcomes of Children Diagnosed with ADHD  

PubMed Central

Decreased success at work and educational attainment by adulthood are of concern for children with ADHD given their widely documented academic difficulties; however there are few studies that have examined this empirically and even fewer that have studied predictors and individual variability of these outcomes. The current study compares young adults with and without a childhood diagnosis of ADHD on educational and occupational outcomes and the predictors of these outcomes. Participants were from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS), a prospective study with yearly data collection. Significant group differences were found for nearly all variables such that educational and occupational attainment was lower for adults with compared to adults without histories of childhood ADHD. Despite the mean difference, educational functioning was wide-ranging. High school academic achievement significantly predicted enrollment in post-high school education and academic and disciplinary problems mediated the relationship between childhood ADHD and post-high school education. Interestingly, ADHD diagnosis and disciplinary problems negatively predicted occupational status while enrollment in post-high school education was a positive predictor. Job loss was positively predicted by a higher rate of academic problems and diagnosis of ADHD. This study supports the need for interventions that target the child and adolescent predictors of later educational and occupational outcomes in addition to continuing treatment of ADHD in young adulthood targeting developmentally appropriate milestones, such as completing post-high school education and gaining and maintaining stable employment. PMID:22752720

Kuriyan, Aparajita B.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Babinski, Dara E.; Walther, Christine; Cheong, JeeWon; Yu, Jihnhee; Kent, Kristine M.

2012-01-01

115

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: Special Education Programs and the Perceptions of Special Education Teachers. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined types of courses in which SWDs are being enrolled, and the role perception of special education teachers. Twenty-one special education teachers from three high schools in urban areas, three in…

Schumaker, Jean B.; Lenz, B. Keith; Bulgren, Janis A.; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet; Deshler, Donald D.

116

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010: Process and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010 was conducted to update the competencies model for entry- and advanced-level health educators. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Structured interviews, focus groups, and a modified Delphi technique were implemented to engage 59 health educators from diverse work settings and experience…

Doyle, Eva I.; Caro, Carla M.; Lysoby, Linda; Auld, M. Elaine; Smith, Becky J.; Muenzen, Patricia M.

2012-01-01

117

The Pyramid Model: an integrated approach for evaluating continuing education programs and outcomes.  

PubMed

Recent mergers and downsizing of health care agencies have made resources for continuing education (CE) increasingly scarce. Nurse educators must demonstrate the effectiveness and sustainability of CE programs and establish the link between nursing professionalism and positive patient outcomes. The Pyramid Evaluation Model expands and enhances previous evaluation frameworks. Simple steps are outlined to evaluate CE programs and outcomes systematically and comprehensively through an impact model that examines goals, reviews program design, monitors program implementation, assesses outcomes and impact, and analyzes efficiency. PMID:10808836

Hawkins, V E; Sherwood, G D

1999-01-01

118

Enhancing the Relevance and Value of Marketing Curriculum Outcomes to a Liberal Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Could marketing coursework be part of the general education requirements for all college students? This article describes the ways in which the professional school marketing curriculum model (Schibrowsky, Peltier, & Boyt, 2002) can complement and enhance liberal arts education outcomes. First, the general relationship between liberal arts…

Petkus, Ed, Jr.

2007-01-01

119

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary…

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

120

Outcome (Competency) Based Education: An Exploration of Its Origins, Theoretical Basis, and Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome based or competency based education (OBE) is so firmly established in undergraduate medical education that it might not seem necessary to ask why it was included in recommendations for the future, like the Flexner centenary report. Uncritical acceptance may not, however, deliver its greatest benefits. Our aim was to explore the…

Morcke, Anne Mette; Dornan, Tim; Eika, Berit

2013-01-01

121

The Ideology of Outcome-based Education An Interview with William Spady  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perhaps no educational movement in recent history has generated as much ideological argument as has outcome-based education (OBE). Much has been written about the subject, and it is not the purpose of this interview to add to the debate by either promoting or denigrating the movement.For reasons that may never be entirely understood, the OBE movement became identified as the

James A. Tucker

1998-01-01

122

Outcome of Patients Attending a Specialist Educational and Mental Health Service for Social Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adolescents with anxiety-based school attendance problems enrolled in a specialist adolescent educational and mental health program that provides educational assistance and social skills development, and to suggest key elements that may account for its apparent effectiveness. Young people attending the Sulman Program in Sydney, Australia, between March 2003 and

Gerard Mcshane; Cheryl Bazzano; Garry Walter; Giles Barton

2007-01-01

123

Secondary student perspectives on musical and educational outcomes from participation in band festivals  

Microsoft Academic Search

While it seems many music educators share an enthusiasm for music festivals, others do not. Discrepancies seem to be rooted in the perceived educational outcomes in terms of musical knowledge gained, motivation, competition, psychological impact and social considerations. Advocates believe competitive festivals provide a ‘superlative’ motivational factor and elevate performance quality beyond what could otherwise be achieved. Students and directors

Peter Gouzouasis; Alan Henderson

2012-01-01

124

Program Review, Accreditation Processes, and Outcomes Assessment: Pressures on Institutions of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends over the past 25 years calling for accreditation, program evaluation, and outcomes assessment for higher education institutions are briefly reviewed. The cooperative market model of institutional research and self-study is outlined, which involves cooperation among institutions, accrediting bodies, state departments of education, and state…

Lincoln, Yvonna S.

1990-01-01

125

Motivational Climates, Achievement Goals, and Physical Education Outcomes: A Longitudinal Test of Achievement Goal Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research tested the longitudinal relations over a school-year between motivational climates, achievement goals, and five physical education outcomes, namely intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, positive attitude, exertion, and attendance in physical education. The results showed that students' mastery goals measured early in the…

Halvari, Hallgeir; Skjesol, Knut; Bagoien, Tor Egil

2011-01-01

126

Effects and Social Validity of Differentiated Instruction on Student Outcomes for Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student outcome data were examined for 35 teacher education candidates working toward special education certification who used an iterative differentiated instruction process over a 5-week period. Data were analyzed across a range of content areas and ages. Results indicated statistically significant and noteworthy effects across students…

Ernest, James M.; Thompson, Shirley E.; Heckaman, Kelly A.; Hull, Karla; Yates, Jamie

2011-01-01

127

Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies across Countries and of Schools within Countries. CEE DP 117  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The motivation for this paper is to increase individuals' understanding of the way in which inequality in educational outcomes and in the relation between measures of backgrounds is related to levels and dispersion of educational performance of young persons. The article thus sheds light on the international variation in the importance of…

Freeman, Richard B.; Machin, Stephen J.; Viarengo, Martina G.

2010-01-01

128

Harmonisation of the Educational Concept "Learning Outcome" in the Lithuanian Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, an example of translation of the English term "learning outcome" into the Lithuanian system of educational terms is used to discuss semantic peculiarities of translating professional terms. Consistency of a concept signifier and content of a concept, as well as their tune with already existing systems of educational terms are…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Smetona, Antanas

2011-01-01

129

Quality Early Childhood Education in Costa Rica? Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-quality early childhood education has been shown to improve school outcomes in several developing and developed nations. The history of policy around pre-school education in Costa Rica is described as background to presenting cross-sectional data on the emergent literacy skills of low-income Costa Rican children in kindergarten, 1st and 2nd…

San Francisco, Andrea Rolla; Arias, Melissa; Villers, Renata

2005-01-01

130

Educational outcomes, policy reform and cultural capital in Italian secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Italy’s poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary schooling, combining high levels of track differentiation with a comparatively

John Polesel

2010-01-01

131

Secondary Student Perspectives on Musical and Educational Outcomes from Participation in Band Festivals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While it seems many music educators share an enthusiasm for music festivals, others do not. Discrepancies seem to be rooted in the perceived educational outcomes in terms of musical knowledge gained, motivation, competition, psychological impact and social considerations. Advocates believe competitive festivals provide a "superlative" motivational…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henderson, Alan

2012-01-01

132

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Educational Data Mining: Collection and Analysis of Score Matrices for Outcomes-Based  

E-print Network

of these educational statistics problems. The timing of these developments could not be better, given the currentUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Educational Data Mining: Collection and Analysis of Score Matrices for Outcomes-Based Assessment A Dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements

Zordan, Victor

133

Final Outcome Evaluation Report. Demonstration and Implementation Sites. Experience-Based Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of the Appalachia Educational Laboratory's (AEL) Experience-Based Career Education (EBCE) program focused on outcome data pertaining to students, parents, and employers collected at the demonstration site at AEL, and implementation sites located in Bremen, Georgia; Crowley, Louisiana; Ames, Iowa; and Staten Island, Ithaca, and North…

Shively, Joe E.; Kessel, Phyllis

134

Students with Disabilities in Postsecondary Education: A Profile of Preparation, Participation, and Outcomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This statistical analysis report, released yesterday by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), offers a comprehensive profile of students with disabilities enrolled in postsecondary education. The report examines how disabled students prepared for postsecondary education, explores how well they fared in school, and takes a look at early labor market outcomes and graduate school rates of college graduates. Based on four NCES surveys, the report includes more than 50 statistical tables, charts, and graphs.

135

The Art and Science of Cancer Education and Evaluation: Toward Facilitating Improved Patient Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer education is a constantly evolving field, as science continues to advance both our understanding of cancer and its\\u000a effects on patients, families, and communities. Moving discoveries to practice expeditiously is paramount to impacting cancer\\u000a outcomes. The continuing education of cancer care professionals throughout their practice life is vital to facilitating the\\u000a adoption of therapeutic innovations. Meanwhile, more general educational

Lenora Johnson; Anita Ousley; Jeffrey Swarz; Raymond J. Bingham; J. Bianca Erickson; Steven Ellis; Terra Moody

2011-01-01

136

Frequency of Educational Computer Use as a Longitudinal Predictor of Educational Outcome in Young People with Specific Language Impairment  

PubMed Central

Computer use draws on linguistic abilities. Using this medium thus presents challenges for young people with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and raises questions of whether computer-based tasks are appropriate for them. We consider theoretical arguments predicting impaired performance and negative outcomes relative to peers without SLI versus the possibility of positive gains. We examine the relationship between frequency of computer use (for leisure and educational purposes) and educational achievement; in particular examination performance at the end of compulsory education and level of educational progress two years later. Participants were 49 young people with SLI and 56 typically developing (TD) young people. At around age 17, the two groups did not differ in frequency of educational computer use or leisure computer use. There were no associations between computer use and educational outcomes in the TD group. In the SLI group, after PIQ was controlled for, educational computer use at around 17 years of age contributed substantially to the prediction of educational progress at 19 years. The findings suggest that educational uses of computers are conducive to educational progress in young people with SLI. PMID:23300610

Durkin, Kevin; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2012-01-01

137

Equitability, mutual information, and the maximal information coefficient  

PubMed Central

How should one quantify the strength of association between two random variables without bias for relationships of a specific form? Despite its conceptual simplicity, this notion of statistical “equitability” has yet to receive a definitive mathematical formalization. Here we argue that equitability is properly formalized by a self-consistency condition closely related to Data Processing Inequality. Mutual information, a fundamental quantity in information theory, is shown to satisfy this equitability criterion. These findings are at odds with the recent work of Reshef et al. [Reshef DN, et al. (2011) Science 334(6062):1518–1524], which proposed an alternative definition of equitability and introduced a new statistic, the “maximal information coefficient” (MIC), said to satisfy equitability in contradistinction to mutual information. These conclusions, however, were supported only with limited simulation evidence, not with mathematical arguments. Upon revisiting these claims, we prove that the mathematical definition of equitability proposed by Reshef et al. cannot be satisfied by any (nontrivial) dependence measure. We also identify artifacts in the reported simulation evidence. When these artifacts are removed, estimates of mutual information are found to be more equitable than estimates of MIC. Mutual information is also observed to have consistently higher statistical power than MIC. We conclude that estimating mutual information provides a natural (and often practical) way to equitably quantify statistical associations in large datasets. PMID:24550517

Kinney, Justin B.; Atwal, Gurinder S.

2014-01-01

138

Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

Culver, Steve

2010-01-01

139

Distance Learners in Higher Education: Institutional Responses for Quality Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributors to this book, administrators and faculty from a variety of higher education institutions in North America, reflect on current research and practices in distance higher education, and address specific facets of the distance learner. Following an introduction by Michael G. Moore, eight chapters include the following: (1) Distance…

Gibson, Chere Campbell, Ed.

140

Sexual Identity and Postsecondary Education: Outcomes, Institutional Factors, and Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociological literature has not paid the same attention to the educational attainment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons, despite their status as a socially marginalized group. Through the application of sociological methods and theories, my dissertation argues that sexual identity's effect on educational attainment is…

Fine, Leigh Everett

2012-01-01

141

The Influence of Higher Education Institutions on Labor Market Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, different institutions of higher education and their effects on employment opportunities for professionals in Sweden are compared and analyzed. The availability of extensive, longitudinal register data made it possible to determine a match between degree and occupation for higher education graduates aged twenty-six to twenty-eight…

Berggren, Caroline

2010-01-01

142

Understanding Participant and Practitioner Outcomes of Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education can deliver benefits to individuals, society and the environment, but few studies have asked practitioners or participants what they feel these benefits are. This research compares the perspectives of practitioners and participants in environmental education projects, using questionnaires, focus groups and participant…

West, Sarah E.

2015-01-01

143

Impact of Physician Asthma Care Education on Patient Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: We evaluated the effectiveness of a continuing medical education program, Physician Asthma Care Education, in improving pediatricians' asthma therapeutic and communication skills and patients' health care utilization for asthma. Methods: We conducted a randomized trial in 10 regions in the United States. Primary care providers…

Cabana, Michael D.; Slish, Kathryn K.; Evans, David; Mellins, Robert B.; Brown, Randall W.; Lin, Xihong; Kaciroti, Niko; Clark, Noreen M.

2014-01-01

144

Efficient and equitable HIV prevention: A case study of male circumcision in South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background We determine efficient, equitable and mixed efficient-equitable allocations of a male circumcision (MC) intervention reducing female to male HIV transmission in South Africa (SA), as a case study of an efficiency-equity framework for resource allocation in HIV prevention. Methods We present a mathematical model developed with epidemiological and cost data from the nine provinces of SA. The hypothetical one-year-long MC intervention with a budget of US$ 10 million targeted adult men 15–49 years of age in SA. The intervention was evaluated according to two criteria: an efficiency criterion, which focused on maximizing the number of HIV infections averted by the intervention, and an equity criterion (defined geographically), which focused on maximizing the chance that each male adult individual had access to the intervention regardless of his province. Results A purely efficient intervention would prevent 4,008 HIV infections over a year. In the meantime, a purely equitable intervention would avert 3,198 infections, which represents a 20% reduction in infection outcome as compared to the purely efficient scenario. A half efficient-half equitable scenario would prevent 3,749 infections, that is, a 6% reduction in infection outcome as compared to the purely efficient scenario. Conclusions This paper provides a framework for resource allocation in the health sector which incorporates a simple equity metric in addition to efficiency. In the specific context of SA with a MC intervention for the prevention of HIV, incorporation of geographical equity only slightly reduces the overall efficiency of the intervention. PMID:23289923

2013-01-01

145

An exploration of equitable science teaching practices for students with learning disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a mixed methods approach was used to gather descriptive exploratory information regarding the teaching of science to middle grades students with learning disabilities within a general education classroom. The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' beliefs and their practices concerning providing equitable opportunities for students with learning disabilities in a general education science classroom. Equitable science teaching practices take into account each student's differences and uses those differences to inform instructional decisions and tailor teaching practices based on the student's individualized learning needs. Students with learning disabilities are similar to their non-disabled peers; however, they need some differentiation in instruction to perform to their highest potential achievement levels (Finson, Ormsbee, & Jensen, 2011). In the quantitative phase, the purpose of the study was to identify patterns in the beliefs of middle grades science teachers about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom. In the qualitative phase, the purpose of the study was to present examples of instruction in the classrooms of science education reform-oriented middle grades science teachers. The quantitative phase of the study collected data from 274 sixth through eighth grade teachers in the State of Florida during the 2007--2008 school year using The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory. Overall, the quantitative findings revealed that middle grades science teachers held positive beliefs about the inclusion of students with learning disabilities in the general education science classroom. The qualitative phase collected data from multiple sources (interviews, classroom observations, and artifacts) to develop two case studies of reform-oriented middle grades science teachers who were expected to provide equitable science teaching practices. Based on their responses to The Teaching Science to Students with Learning Disabilities Inventory, the case study teachers demonstrated characteristics of successful teachers of diverse learners developed by Lynch (2000). Overall, the qualitative findings revealed that the case study teachers were unsure how to provide equitable science teaching practices to all students, particularly to students with learning disabilities. They provided students with a variety of learning experiences that entailed high expectations for all; however, these experiences were similar for all students. Had the teachers fully implemented equitable science teaching practices, students would have had multiple options for taking in the information and making sense of it in each lesson. Teaching that includes using a variety of validated practices that take into account students' individualized learning needs can promote aspects of equitable science teaching practices. Finally, this study provides implications for teacher education programs and professional development programs. As teachers implement science education reform efforts related to equitable science teaching practices, both teacher education programs and professional development programs should include opportunities for teachers to reflect on their beliefs about how students with learning disabilities learn and provide them with a variety of validated teaching practices that will assist them in teaching students with learning disabilities in the general education classroom while implementing science reform efforts.

Morales, Marlene

146

Academic performance, educational aspiration and birth outcomes among adolescent mothers: a national longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal educational attainment has been associated with birth outcomes among adult mothers. However, limited research explores whether academic performance and educational aspiration influence birth outcomes among adolescent mothers. Methods Data from Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) were used. Adolescent girls whose first pregnancy occurred after Wave I, during their adolescence, and ended with a singleton live birth were included. Adolescents’ grade point average (GPA), experience of ever skipping a grade and ever repeating a grade, and their aspiration to attend college were examined as predictors of birth outcomes (birthweight and gestational age; n?=?763). Univariate statistics, bivariate analyses and multivariable models were run stratified on race using survey procedures. Results Among Black adolescents, those who ever skipped a grade had higher offspring’s birthweight. Among non-Black adolescents, ever skipping a grade and higher educational aspiration were associated with higher offspring’s birthweight; ever skipping a grade was also associated with higher gestational age. GPA was not statistically significantly associated with either birth outcome. The addition of smoking during pregnancy and prenatal care visit into the multivariable models did not change these associations. Conclusions Some indicators of higher academic performance and aspiration are associated with better birth outcomes among adolescents. Investing in improving educational opportunities may improve birth outcomes among teenage mothers. PMID:24422664

2014-01-01

147

Behavioral and cognitive predictors of educational outcomes in pediatric traumatic brain injury.  

PubMed

Research reveals mixed results regarding the utility of standardized cognitive and academic tests to predict educational outcomes in youth following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Yet, deficits in everyday school-based outcomes are prevalent after pediatric TBI. The current study used path modeling to test the hypothesis that parent ratings of adolescents’ daily behaviors associated with executive functioning (EF) would predict long-term functional educational outcomes following pediatric TBI, even when injury severity and patient demographics were included in the model. Furthermore, we contrasted the predictive strength of the EF behavioral ratings with that of a common measure of verbal memory. A total of 132 adolescents who were hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical intervention trial. EF ratings and verbal memory were measured within 6 months of the injury; functional educational outcomes were measured 12 months later. EF ratings and verbal memory added to injury severity in predicting educational competence post injury but did not predict post-injury initiation of special education. The results demonstrated that measurement of EF behaviors is an important research and clinical tool for prediction of functional outcomes in pediatric TBI. PMID:23790158

Arnett, Anne B; Peterson, Robin L; Kirkwood, Michael W; Taylor, H Gerry; Stancin, Terry; Brown, Tanya M; Wade, Shari L

2013-09-01

148

Behavioral and Cognitive Predictors of Educational Outcomes in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury  

PubMed Central

Research reveals mixed results regarding the utility of standardized cognitive and academic tests to predict educational outcomes in youth following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Yet, deficits in everyday school-based outcomes are prevalent after pediatric TBI. The current study used path modeling to test the hypothesis that parent ratings of adolescents’ daily behaviors associated with executive functioning (EF) would predict long-term functional educational outcomes following pediatric TBI, even when injury severity and patient demographics were included in the model. Furthermore, we contrasted the predictive strength of the EF behavioral ratings with that of a common measure of verbal memory. A total of 132 adolescents who were hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical intervention trial. EF ratings and verbal memory were measured within 6 months of the injury; functional educational outcomes were measured 12 months later. EF ratings and verbal memory added to injury severity in predicting educational competence post injury but did not predict post-injury initiation of special education. The results demonstrated that measurement of EF behaviors is an important research and clinical tool for prediction of functional outcomes in pediatric TBI. PMID:23790158

Arnett, Anne B.; Peterson, Robin L.; Kirkwood, Michael W.; Taylor, H. Gerry; Stancin, Terry; Brown, Tanya M.; Wade, Shari L.

2014-01-01

149

Stability and Change in Rural Youths’ Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition. PMID:21140200

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

150

Educational Outcomes and Research from 1:1 Computing Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the growing interest in 1:1 computing initiatives, relatively little empirical research has focused on the outcomes of these investments. The current special edition of the Journal of Technology and Assessment presents four empirical studies of K-12 1:1 computing programs and one review of key themes in the conversation about 1:1 computing…

Bebell, Damian; O'Dwyer, Laura M.

2010-01-01

151

Effects of Class Size on Alternative Educational Outcomes across Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first study to use self-reported ratings of student learning, instructor recommendations, and course recommendations as the outcome measure to estimate class size effects, doing so across 24 disciplines. Fixed-effects models controlling for heterogeneous courses and instructors reveal that increasing enrollment has negative and…

Cheng, Dorothy A.

2011-01-01

152

Partnership for Improving Outcomes in Indigenous Education: Relationship or Business?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the Australian government's Indigenous policy by interrogating the concept of partnership between governments and Indigenous communities through three examples. Increasingly, the Australian federal government is focusing attention on the poor literacy and numeracy outcomes for Indigenous children in remote and very remote…

Ma Rhea, Zane

2012-01-01

153

Changing Minds? Reassessing Outcomes in Free-Choice Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses three case studies--an exhibition on biodiversity, a hotel water conservation program, and a partnership between a nature center and urban public schools--to establish parameters for designing learning experiences that accommodate the varied worldviews and attitudes of learners. Positive outcomes occurred in all three cases,…

Storksdieck, Martin; Ellenbogen, Kirsten; Heimlich, Joe E.

2005-01-01

154

Do educational outcomes correspond with the requirements of nursing practice: educators' and managers' assessments of novice nurses' professional competence  

PubMed Central

Objective This study evaluated weather educational outcomes of nurse education meet the requirements of nursing practice by exploring the correspondence between nurse educators' and nurse managers' assessments of novice nurses' professional competence. The purpose was to find competence areas contributing to the acknowledged practice–theory gap. Design A cross-sectional, comparative design using the Nurse Competence Scale was applied. Subjects The sample comprised nurse educators (n = 86) and nurse managers (n = 141). Methods Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the data analysis. Main outcome measures Educators assessed novice nurses' competence to a significantly higher level than managers in all competence areas (p < 0.001). The biggest correspondence between educators' and mangers' assessments were in competencies related to immediate patient care, commitment to ethical values, maintaining professional skills and nurses' care of the self. The biggest differences were in competencies related to developmental and evaluation tasks, coaching activities, use of evidence-based knowledge and in activities which required mastering a comprehensive view of care situations. However, differences between educators' and managers' assessments were strongly associated with their age and work experience. Active and improved collaboration should be focused on areas in which the differences between educators' and managers' assessments greatly differ in ensuring novice nurses? fitness for practice. PMID:24512685

Numminen, Olivia; Laine, Tuija; Isoaho, Hannu; Hupli, Maija; Leino-Kilpi, Helena; Meretoja, Riitta

2014-01-01

155

Educational and occupational outcome in Prader-Willi syndrome.  

PubMed

An educational and occupational history was obtained for affected members of the Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (UK). Of 32 females and 29 males over 16 years of age (mean 23 years), over 45% attended mainstream infant schools, but by the time they reached junior and secondary schools the majority were in schools for children with learning disabilities. On reaching adulthood, 31% were attending adult training centres or day centres. Nearly one in six were in employment, usually of a sheltered type. The majority had no formal educational qualifications, but over 10% had at least one Certificate of Secondary Education and one person had three O levels. Nearly three-quarters of those with known intelligence quotients had IQs in the 70 to 100 range. The physical and behavioural characteristics of the study population closely resembled those reported in Prader-Willi syndrome by other authors, although it is possible that some members of the Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (UK) may not have Prader-Willi syndrome. The findings highlight the heterogeneity in educational achievements associated with Prader-Willi syndrome, and illustrate the importance of assessing individual educational strengths and needs. PMID:2225344

Waters, J; Clarke, D J; Corbett, J A

1990-01-01

156

Views from the Field: Conservation Educators' and Practitioners' Perceptions of Education as a Strategy for Achieving Conservation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data from a mixed-methods study that collected data through surveys (n = 656), interviews (n = 15), and discussion groups (n = 75) to explore the use of social strategies such as education and outreach by non-governmental organizations and government agencies to reach outcomes related to biodiversity conservation and resource…

Ardoin, Nicole M.; Heimlich, Joe E.

2013-01-01

157

Assessment of Learning Outcomes in Higher Education: A Comparative Review of Selected Practices. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education institutions (HEIs) have experienced increasing pressures to provide accountability data and consumer information on the quality of teaching and learning. Existing ratings and rankings of HEIs tend to neglect information on student learning outcomes. Instead, they focus on inputs, activities and research outputs, such as resources…

Nusche, Deborah

2008-01-01

158

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: The Perceptions of General Education Teachers. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seventh in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined the high school context within which students with and without disabilities must succeed and the supports in place for assisting them. A questionnaire was administered to 70 high school…

Bulgren, Janis A.; Lenz, B. Keith; McKnight, Melinda; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet; Deshler, Donald D.; Schumaker, Jean B.

159

Program Design and Student Outcomes in Graduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doctoral programs in the humanities and related social sciences are characterized by high attrition and long times to degree. In 1991 the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation launched the Graduate Education Initiative (GEI) to improve the quality of graduate programs and in turn reduce attrition and shorten time-to-degree. Over a 10-year period, the…

Groen, Jeffrey A.; Jakubson, George H.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Condie, Scott; Liu, Albert Y.

2008-01-01

160

Improving Educational Outcomes for Children in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent statistics estimate that there are 783,000 children living in foster care in the United States. This vulnerable population is at risk for academic failure as well as internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems. Compared to their peers, foster youth face significant educational difficulties, including lower levels of academic…

Watson, Christina; Kabler, Brenda

2012-01-01

161

Three Accelerated Developmental Education Programs: Features, Student Outcomes, and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To support the long-term success of underprepared students, many community colleges are experimenting with accelerated developmental education models, which allow students to complete remediation and enroll in college-level math and English within a shorter time frame. This study examines three developmental acceleration programs, including two in…

Jaggars, Shanna Smith; Hodara, Michelle; Cho, Sung-Woo; Xu, Di

2015-01-01

162

The Whole Truth: Socioeconomic Status and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have long known that children from families of lower socio-economic status (SES) do not do as well in school as those from wealthier families. Of course, this relationship is not deterministic; many children from disadvantaged backgrounds do perform well, and many children from advantaged backgrounds struggle. But the overall trend is…

Fransoo, Randy; Ward, Trish; Wilson, Elaine; Brownell, Marni; Roos, Noralou

2005-01-01

163

Achievement Motivation and Outcome in Social Work Field Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For this study, 188 students from 4 social work programs completed a questionnaire about their motivation and performance in field practicum. Achievement motivation included task value, intrinsic motivation, perception of task difficulty, confidence, and self-efficacy. Students were more satisfied with field education and rated their social work…

Fortune, Anne E.; Lee, Mingun; Cavazos, Alonzo

2005-01-01

164

EDITORIAL: The outcomes of an education in physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Honorary Editor Readers should now be fully aware that both The Institute of Physics and the Association for Science Education (ASE) are encouraging members to think hard about what they would like to see in the revised National Curriculum for science. The story of curriculum development in science for the past ten years has been of grand national initiatives which

Ken Dobson

1998-01-01

165

Distance, Online and Campus Higher Education: Reflections on Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss performance in postgraduate education in Sweden and Scotland. Drawing on two cases, the paper considers three themes: differences in students' performance by study mode, differences in students' performance by length of study, and finally comparing performance by study mode between modules in…

McPhee, Iain; Soderstrom, Tor

2012-01-01

166

Outcome-Based Workforce Development and Education in Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad scope of the public health mission leads to an increasingly diverse workforce. Given the range of feeder disciplines and the reality that much of the workforce does not have formal training in public health science and practice, a pressing need exists for training and education throughout the workforce. Just as we in public health take a rigorous approach

Denise Koo; Kathleen Miner

2010-01-01

167

Uncertain Aspirations for Continuing in Education: Antecedents and Associated Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little is known about adolescents who hold uncertain aspirations, that is, those who do not know what they would like to do in the future regarding their educational or occupational plans. Drawing upon the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England born in 1989-1990, the authors tested a pathway model to investigate the antecedents…

Gutman, Leslie Morrison; Schoon, Ingrid; Sabates, Ricardo

2012-01-01

168

Improving Student Outcomes: Restoring America's Education Potential. Strategy Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, investments in public education have boosted U.S. productivity and earnings, forged a path out of poverty for many families, helped disadvantaged students narrow the learning gap with their peers, and developed a workforce that continues to be among the most productive and innovative on Earth. More recently, this engine of growth has…

Greenstone, Michael; Looney, Adam; Shevlin, Paige

2011-01-01

169

Family-School Links: How Do They Affect Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores issues related to the links between families and schools and how they affect children's educational achievement, and is organized as follows: Part 1, titled "Families and Schools: How Can They Work Together To Promote Children's School Success?" contains the following chapters: chapter 1, "Family Involvement in Chidrens' and…

Booth, Alan, Ed.; Dunn, Judith F., Ed.

170

Linguistic and metalinguistic outcomes of intense immersion education: how bilingual?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anglophone children in Grades 2 and 5 who attended an intensive French immersion program were examined for linguistic and metalinguistic ability in English and French. Measures of linguistic proficiency (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) were consistently higher in English and remained so even after 5 years of immersion education in French. Measures of metalinguistic ability (letter fluency and ignoring semantic anomalies

Nicola Hermanto; Sylvain Moreno; Ellen Bialystok

2012-01-01

171

Asthma Education for Rural School Nurses: Resources, Barriers, and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a school-based asthma education program for rural elementary school nurses. The program was designed to teach school nurses in 7 rural counties in Maryland how to implement and to reinforce asthma management behaviors in children with asthma and their caregivers. Rural nurses who participated in this program increased their…

Winkelstein, Marilyn L.; Quartey, Ruth; Pham, Luu; Lewis-Boyer, LaPricia; Lewis, Cassia; Hill, Kimberly; Butz, Arlene

2006-01-01

172

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High-School Students with Disabilities: The Perceptions of Administrators. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sixth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study compared views of general education and special education administrators on the educational programs for SWDs and other at-risk students. Administrators in three high schools in urban areas, three in…

Jones, Jennifer; Adams, Gary; Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Bulgren, Janis A.; Marquis, Janet; Lenz, B. Keith

173

Delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care in India.  

PubMed

The delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care is one of India's greatest public health challenges. Public expenditure on cancer in India remains below US$10 per person (compared with more than US$100 per person in high-income countries), and overall public expenditure on health care is still only slightly above 1% of gross domestic product. Out-of-pocket payments, which account for more than three-quarters of cancer expenditures in India, are one of the greatest threats to patients and families, and a cancer diagnosis is increasingly responsible for catastrophic expenditures that negatively affect not only the patient but also the welfare and education of several generations of their family. We explore the complex nature of cancer care systems across India, from state to government levels, and address the crucial issues of infrastructure, manpower shortages, and the pressing need to develop cross-state solutions to prevention and early detection of cancer, in addition to governance of the largely unregulated private sector and the cost of new technologies and drugs. We discuss the role of public insurance schemes, the need to develop new political mandates and authority to set priorities, the necessity to greatly improve the quality of care, and the drive to understand and deliver cost-effective cancer care programmes. PMID:24731888

Pramesh, C S; Badwe, Rajendra A; Borthakur, Bibhuti B; Chandra, Madhu; Raj, Elluswami Hemanth; Kannan, T; Kalwar, Ashok; Kapoor, Sanjay; Malhotra, Hemant; Nayak, Sukdev; Rath, Goura K; Sagar, T G; Sebastian, Paul; Sarin, Rajiv; Shanta, V; Sharma, Suresh C; Shukla, Shilin; Vijayakumar, Manavalan; Vijaykumar, D K; Aggarwal, Ajay; Purushotham, Arnie; Sullivan, Richard

2014-05-01

174

Developing Preservice Teachers' Expertise in Equitable Assessment for English Learners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study illustrated a pathway of growth that a preservice teacher might traverse when learning to use and develop equitable assessments (EA). The study is rare in that it looks at the development of preservice teachers' understanding and ability to design EA. I examined the understanding and implementation of EA of 23 secondary preservice teachers within two classes. The methods classes focused on the academic content area of science. Participants' journals, teaching philosophies, and inquiry-based science units served as data sources. Participants progressed from a simple view of EA as "fairness" to a more sophisticated view of EA, including: ways to increase fairness, the importance of challenging students, and using assessments for learning. Results also showed changes in preservice teachers' views of learners and the purpose of assessment. While understanding developed robustly, teachers' assessment plans in their units were not as strong. Teacher education programs need to place more emphasis on developing critical understanding of EA practices to meet the needs of diverse learners.

Siegel, Marcelle A.

2014-04-01

175

Equitable traffic assignment with environmental cost functions  

SciTech Connect

In the past 10 years increased importance has been placed on public participation and environmental concerns in transportation system decision-making. While there are numerous societal objectives to consider when planning and operating a transportation system, it is not clear whether the optimal strategy with respect to one objective is also the optimal strategy with respect to the other objectives. This paper examines how new objectives and environmental considerations can be modeled within the traditional, macroscopic traffic assignment methodology. In addition, a new methodology for modeling the assignment of vehicles in realistic networks is developed based on equitable, rather than user-equilibrium or system-optimal, principles. The basic premise is that with the advent of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) the operation of the transportation system based on the objectives of the general public, rather than the traveling public and system operators, is feasible. A methodology for modeling these situations is required. All of the approaches discussed here were tested on a calibrated network from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Benedek, C.M. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Rilett, L.R. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-01-01

176

Outcome based education enacted: teachers' tensions in balancing between student learning and bureaucracy.  

PubMed

This paper reports on how teachers within health sciences education translate outcome-based education (OBE) into practice when they design courses. The study is an empirical contribution to the debate about outcome- and competency-based approaches in health sciences education. A qualitative method was used to study how teachers from 14 different study programmes designed courses before and after OBE was implemented. Using an interpretative approach, analysis of documents and interviews was carried out. The findings show that teachers enacted OBE either to design for more competency-oriented teaching-learning, or to further detail knowledge and thus move towards reductionism. Teachers mainly understood the outcome-based framework as useful to support students' learning, although the demand for accountability created tension and became a bureaucratic hindrance to design for development of professional competence. The paper shows variations of how teachers enacted the same outcome-based framework for instructional design. These differences can add a richer understanding of how outcome- or competency-based approaches relate to teaching-learning at a course level. PMID:24464366

Barman, Linda; Silén, Charlotte; Bolander Laksov, Klara

2014-12-01

177

The implications of consumer surplus levels for equitable pricing decisions  

E-print Network

THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS POR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS FOR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Approved as to style and content by: William P...

Christensen, Neal Alan

1989-01-01

178

Moving Success from the Shadows: Data Systems that Link Education and Workforce Outcomes. Policy Brief 2010-01PBL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for better data on the performance of higher education has become a major focus of education policymakers, and this has been reflected in federal legislation. Community colleges are appropriately held accountable for the workforce outcomes of their students, but the data that are gathered to evaluate those outcomes must reflect the…

Mullin, Christopher M.; Lebesch, Anna

2010-01-01

179

The Effect of an Economic Crisis on Educational Outcomes: An Economic Framework and Review of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first provides an economic framework for understanding how an economic crisis affects children's educational outcomes; this framework shows that there are both negative (harmful) effects and positive (beneficial) effects on educational outcomes. A review of the empirical evidence suggests that the negative effects are typically…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

180

Academic Attainment during Commitment and Postrelease Education-Related Outcomes of Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with disabilities are disproportionately represented in juvenile justice populations and their education-related outcomes and rates of high school graduation are poor. This study examined academic characteristics of youth with and without disabilities ("N" = 4,066) and reports on the education-related outcomes of these youth 3…

Cavendish, Wendy

2014-01-01

181

Attitudinal and Psychosocial Outcomes of a Fitness and Health Education Program on Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudinal and psychosocial outcomes of a fitness and health education program for adults with Down syndrome were examined. Participants were 53 adults with Down syndrome ages 30 years and older (29 females, 24 males, M age = 39.72 years) who were randomized into a training (n = 32) or control group (n = 21). The training group participated in a…

Heller, Tamar; Hsieh, Kelly; Rimmer, James H.

2004-01-01

182

High Performance Education. Porsche Shares Outcomes-Based Model with Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Porsche model of outcome-based education in its auto technician training program was adapted by vocational instructors in Nevada. Its effectiveness derives from pretesting, teaching with demonstrations, student practice with peer coaching, performance measurement, and reteaching and retesting. (SK)

Luft, Vernon

1994-01-01

183

Models of Instructional Organization: A Casebook on Mastery Learning and Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mastery learning is both a philosophy about student learning and a set of instructional implementation techniques. This volume presents 10 case studies of instructional programs identified as mastery learning or outcome-based education. The programs are organized according to whole-class mastery, flexible grouping, flexible grouping/continuous…

Burns, Robert

184

Instructional Development for Teachers in Higher Education: Effects on Students' Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence regarding the impact of teachers' instructional development on student learning in higher education is scarce. In this study, we investigate the impact of an instructional development program for beginning university teachers on students' learning outcomes. We also explore whether this impact is dependent on class size and student level.…

Stes, Ann; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter

2012-01-01

185

Does Parental Homework Involvement Mediate the Relationship between Family Background and Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines whether parental homework involvement mediates the relationship between family background and educational outcomes such as academic achievement and academic self-concept. Data from two studies in which grade 8 students (N = 1274 and N = 1911) described their parents' involvement in the homework process were reanalyzed via…

Dumont, Hanna; Trautwein, Ulrich; Ludtke, Oliver; Neumann, Marko; Niggli, Alois; Schnyder, Inge

2012-01-01

186

Defining the Community-Based Education Alliance: Outcomes, Values, Purposes, and Operating Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the stakeholder values, desired student outcomes, organizational purposes, and operating model of the Community-based Education Alliance (CBEA), a transition program operated by a partnership between the Center for Disabilities Studies of the University of Delaware, and two school districts in New Castle County, Delaware. The…

Fina, Nicholas J.

2009-01-01

187

Creating an Outcomes-Based Tool for Learning Barrier Assessment in an Outpatient Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based assessment instrument was devised to screen patients for learning problems that would impede patient education in cardiac rehabilitation. Criteria for seven barriers were established: hearing, language, cultural, religious, vision, cognitive, emotional). Points of data collection and a rationale for collection were identified.…

Hernandez, Teri L.; Rupnow, Jana M.; Currie, Kristi A.; Procious, James K.; Adams, Jenny

2003-01-01

188

Educational Outcomes of a Collaborative School-Home Behavioral Intervention for ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated educationally relevant outcomes from a newly developed collaborative school-home intervention (Collaborative Life Skills Program [CLS]) for youth with attention and/or behavior problems. Participants included 17 girls and 40 boys in second through fifth grades (mean age = 8.1 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds. CLS was…

Pfiffner, Linda J.; Villodas, Miguel; Kaiser, Nina; Rooney, Mary; McBurnett, Keith

2013-01-01

189

Students' Motivational Profiles and Achievement Outcomes in Physical Education: A Self-Determination Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies in education have inspected the relations between students' autonomous versus controlled motivation and relevant outcomes. In most of those studies a global index of self-determined motivation was created. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) how the different types of motivation proposed by Self-Determination Theory…

Boiche, Julie C. S.; Sarrazin, Philippe G.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Grouzet, Frederick M. E.; Chanal, Julien P.

2008-01-01

190

An integral nursing education experience: outcomes from a BSN Reiki course.  

PubMed

Reiki is a hands-on healing modality that is practiced to support patients' healing process at more than 800 hospitals in the United States. This article explores the educational outcomes of an RN-BSN Reiki course as an aspect of an integral-holistic curriculum experience. PMID:23211384

Clark, Carey S

2013-01-01

191

Using Social Media Applications for Educational Outcomes in College Teaching: A Structural Equation Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more and more faculty members jump on the wagon of social media, an increasing number of publications began to investigate the adoption of social media applications and its motivators in and out of the classrooms. However, little research has paid close attention to the educational outcomes of social media utilization in college teaching. Thus,…

Cao, Yingxia; Ajjan, Haya; Hong, Paul

2013-01-01

192

Racial Segregation and Educational Outcomes in Metropolitan Boston. Metro Boston Equity Initiative. Issue Summary No.6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report takes a look at the issues concerning racial segregation and educational outcomes in Metropolitan Boston. Despite the fact that metro Boston is overwhelmingly white, its public schools are highly segregated by race and language. Segregated minority schools in metro Boston are profoundly unequal, with high poverty levels, with lower…

Lee, Chungmei

2004-01-01

193

Teacher Education and PK Outcomes: Are We Asking the Right Questions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies do not find consistent relationships between teacher degree, major, and certification, and PK outcomes (Early, D. M., Bryant, D. M., Pianta, R. C., Clifford, R. M., Burchinal, M. R., Ritchie, S., et al. (2006). Are teachers' education, major, and credentials related to classroom quality and children's academic gains in…

Bogard, Kimber; Traylor, Fasaha; Takanishi, Ruby

2008-01-01

194

AA-AAS Misperceptions Page 1 March 10, 2010 National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO)  

E-print Network

AA-AAS Misperceptions Page 1 March 10, 2010 National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) National the process of rethinking assumptions about alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards (AA-AAS performance. Assumptions Underlying Misperception: Some people assume that students who take the AA-AAS have

Minnesota, University of

195

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Outcomes from the Productivity Places Program, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is presented in this publication about the outcomes for students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) under the Productivity Places Program (PPP) during 2008. The Productivity Places Program Survey covers students who were awarded a qualification in 2008 with funding from the PPP. The survey focuses on students'…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2009

2009-01-01

196

What Makes a Difference between Two Schools? Teacher Job Satisfaction and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the interplay between school factors and teacher job satisfaction that influences educational outcomes by comparing two Non-governmental Organisation (NGO) schools in Cambodia. This small-scale qualitative case study was conducted over a period of eight weeks in 2005 in two NGO schools in a suburb of Phnom Penh. The findings…

Lee, Moosung

2006-01-01

197

Determinants of Adult Functional Outcome in Adolescents Receiving Special Educational Assistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study investigates the role of IQ, autistic traits and challenging behaviours in affecting adult outcomes among adolescents who receive special educational assistance. Methods: A total of 58 participants were recruited from an ongoing longitudinal study. All received assessments of IQ, behavioural patterns (using the Childhood…

McGeown, H. R.; Johnstone, E. C.; McKirdy, J.; Owens, D. C.; Stanfield, A. C.

2013-01-01

198

Diffusion of the National Qualifications Framework and Outcomes-Based Education in Southern and Eastern Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores policy and curriculum diffusion in southern and eastern Africa through an examination of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and outcomes-based education. The article argues that the NQF was adopted for different reasons in different contexts, but that discourse coalitions and conferences have been critical in…

Chisholm, Linda

2007-01-01

199

ICT Expenditures and Education Outputs/Outcomes in Selected Developed Countries: An Assessment of Relative Efficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of the paper is to review some previous researches examining ICT efficiency and the impact of ICT on educational output/outcome as well as different conceptual and methodological issues related to performance measurement. Design/methodology/approach: This paper adopts a non-parametric methodology, i.e. data envelopment analysis…

Aristovnik, Aleksander

2013-01-01

200

The Research-Based Model Partnership Education Program: A 4-Year Outcome Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the four-year outcome of the Research-Based Model Partnership in Education Program, an after-school tutoring and adaptive-skills training program for mostly low-achieving, low-income African-American students. Computerized school records provided academic and social data. Results indicated that four-year participants had higher grade…

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Herman, Keith C.; Reid, Alaycia D.; Keefer, Nikki L.; Vogel, David L.

1998-01-01

201

The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World  

E-print Network

The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World with a Focus on TIES Partner Countries World as shown by performance indicators of Arab universities and research centers. 2. Roadmap World: Number of HE institutes increased from 10 in 1940 to 260 in 2007 (Now about 450). Number

202

Using Targeting Outcomes of Programs as a Framework to Target Photographic Events in Nonformal Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Targeting Outcomes of Programs (TOP) is a seven-step hierarchical programming model in which the program development and performance sides are mirror images of each other. It served as a framework to identify a simple method for targeting photographic events in nonformal education programs, indicating why, when, and how photographs would be useful…

Rockwell, S. Kay; Albrecht, Julie A.; Nugent, Gwen C.; Kunz, Gina M.

2012-01-01

203

Professional Development through Self-Directed Expatriation: Intentions and Outcomes for Young, Educated Eastern Europeans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the experiences of young, well-educated Eastern Europeans who have moved to Western Europe in search of opportunities for professional development, opportunities that, for the most part, are not available in their home countries. The focus of this paper is on the resulting outcome of downskilling, where these individuals work…

Felker, Julie A.

2011-01-01

204

Transition Literature Review: Educational, Employment, and Independent Living Outcomes. Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review focuses on both published and unpublished literature in the areas of education, employment, and independent living outcomes across 13 handicapping conditions. Preliminary chapters describe the database system used to manage the literature identified, and discuss research methods in transition literature. Subsequent chapters then review…

Harnisch, Delwyn L.; Fisher, Adrian T.

205

One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red…

Meece, Darrell

2008-01-01

206

Adolescents' Cognitive "Habitus", Learning Environments, Affective Outcomes of Schooling, and Young Adults' Educational Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A moderation-mediation model was constructed to examine relationships among adolescents' cognitive "habitus" (their cognitive dispositions), learning environments, affective outcomes of schooling, and young adults' educational attainment. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal survey of Australian youth (4,171 females, 3,718 males). The…

Marjoribanks, Kevin

2006-01-01

207

Fundamental resource dis/advantages, youth health and adult educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Recent studies find lasting effects of poor youth health on educational attainment but use young samples and narrow life course windows of observation to explore outcomes. We apply a life course framework to three sets of Health and Retirement Study birth cohorts to examine early health status effects on education and skills attainment measured late in life. The older cohorts that we study were the earliest recipients of U.S. policies promoting continuing education through the GI Bill, community college expansions and new credentials such as the GED. We examine a wide range of outcomes but focus on GEDs, postsecondary school entry and adult human capital as job-related training. We find that older U.S. cohorts had considerable exposure to these forms of attainment and that the effects of youth health on them vary by outcome: health selection and ascription group effects are weak or fade, respectively, in outcomes associated with delayed or adult attainment. However, poorer health and social disadvantage in youth and barriers associated with ascription carry forward to limit attainment of key credentials such as diplomas and college degrees. We find that the human capital - health gradient is dynamic and that narrow windows of observation in existing studies miss much of it. National context also matters for studying health-education linkages over the life course. PMID:24267756

Elman, Cheryl; Wray, Linda A; Xi, Juan

2014-01-01

208

How Effective Are Poor Schools? Poverty and Educational Outcomes in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given South Africa's divided past, it is imperative to improve educational outcomes to overcome labour market inequalities. Historically white and Indian schools still outperform black and coloured schools in examinations, and intraclass correlation coefficients (rho) reflect far greater between-school variance than for other countries. SACMEQ's…

van der Berg, Servaas

2008-01-01

209

Vocational Education and Training in India: Challenges, Status and Labour Market Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of vocational education and training (VET) system in India, and discusses various challenges and difficulties in the Indian VET system. The paper also examines labour market outcomes of vocational graduates and compares these with those of general secondary graduates using a large-scale nationally representative…

Agrawal, Tushar

2012-01-01

210

Comparison of Selected Outcomes Based on Teaching Strategies that Promote Active Learning in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in the effects of three active-learning teaching strategies (case-based learning, simulation, and simulation with narrative pedagogy) on the outcomes of nursing student performance of intervention activities, performance retention of intervention activities, student satisfaction, self-confidence, and educational

Nicholson, Anita Christine

2010-01-01

211

The Role of Education in Determining Labor Market Outcomes in Urban China's Transitional Labor Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese urban workers are no longer shielded from market forces. They are bearing the brunt of the adjustment costs as enterprises shed redundant workers. This paper focuses on the role of education in determining labor market outcomes in China's rapidly changing urban labor environment. The empirical work, based on enterprise and worker survey data gathered in the fall of 1999

Margaret Maurer-Fazio

2002-01-01

212

The Tuning Project for Medicine--learning outcomes for undergraduate medical education in Europe.  

PubMed

The Tuning Project is an initiative funded by the European Commission to develop learning outcomes/competences for degree programmes in Europe and to promote harmonisation in the Higher Education sector. It is closely linked to the Bologna Declaration and subsequent developments. Under the auspices of the MEDINE Thematic Network for Medical Education in Europe, the Tuning (Medicine) Task Force has generated a draft set of learning outcomes for primary medical degree qualifications in Europe. These take account of previous work on learning outcomes in medicine, have been generated through an iterative process of expert review and development, and have been the subject of a Europe-wide internet-based opinion survey and subsequent analysis. They have been approved by the MEDINE Network and validated (subject to some additional analysis) by an Expert Panel of the European Commission. PMID:18236249

Cumming, Allan; Ross, Michael

2007-09-01

213

The art and science of cancer education and evaluation: toward facilitating improved patient outcomes.  

PubMed

Cancer education is a constantly evolving field, as science continues to advance both our understanding of cancer and its effects on patients, families, and communities. Moving discoveries to practice expeditiously is paramount to impacting cancer outcomes. The continuing education of cancer care professionals throughout their practice life is vital to facilitating the adoption of therapeutic innovations. Meanwhile, more general educational programs serve to keep cancer patients, their families, and the public informed of the latest findings in cancer research. The National Cancer Institute conducted an assessment of the current knowledge base for cancer education which involved two literature reviews, one of the general literature of the evaluation of medical and health education efforts, and the other of the preceding 5 years of the Journal of Cancer Education (JCE). These reviews explored a wide range of educational models and methodologies. In general, those that were most effective used multiple methodologies, interactive techniques, and multiple exposures over time. Less than one third of the articles in the JCE reported on a cancer education or communication product, and of these, only 70% had been evaluated for effectiveness. Recommendations to improve the evaluation of cancer education and the educational focus of the JCE are provided. PMID:20953858

Johnson, Lenora; Ousley, Anita; Swarz, Jeffrey; Bingham, Raymond J; Erickson, J Bianca; Ellis, Steven; Moody, Terra

2011-03-01

214

Comparison of on-campus and hybrid student outcomes in occupational therapy doctoral education.  

PubMed

We compared the graduate outcomes of doctoral students in a traditional on-campus occupational therapy program with those in a hybrid program. Participants were 81 students from an on-campus program and 13 students from a hybrid program. Graduate outcomes were measured with student grade-point average (GPA) at the end of each academic year, cumulative GPA, Fieldwork Performance Exam, National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) practice exam scores, and final NBCOT pass rate. Consistent with previous research, our results revealed no significant differences on most outcome variables, suggesting that hybrid programs are an effective delivery model for postsecondary higher education. These findings may provide guidance to occupational therapy programs in curriculum design, content delivery, and program refinement and development. Replication of this study is needed with a larger sample and inclusion of qualitative data. Future studies should compare the affective domain of graduate outcomes in on-campus and online or hybrid programs. PMID:25397939

Mu, Keli; Coppard, Brenda M; Bracciano, Al G; Bradberry, J Chris

2014-01-01

215

Learning Outcomes for Peer Educators: The National Survey on Peer Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer education programs have gained popularity on college campuses because peer educators can communicate with other students in ways that faculty and administrators cannot. Peer education programs continue to grow exponentially because college-age students often feel more comfortable talking with peers when it comes to sensitive issues such as…

Wawrzynski, Matthew R.; LoConte, Carl L.; Straker, Emily J.

2011-01-01

216

Physician empathy: Definition, outcome-relevance and its measurement in patient care and medical education  

PubMed Central

Objective: The present study gives a brief introduction into the definition of physician empathy (PE) and its influence on patients’ health outcomes. Furthermore we present assessment instruments to measure PE from the perspective of the patient and medical student. The latter topic will be explored in detail as we conducted a pilot study on the German versions of two self-assessment instruments of empathy, which are mostly used in medical education research, namely the “Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Student Version” (JSPE-S) and the “Interpersonal Reactivity Index” (IRI). Methods: We first present an overview of the current empirical and theoretical literature on the definition and outcome-relevance of PE. Additionally, we conducted basic psychometric analyses of the German versions of the JSPE-S and the IRI. Data for this analyses is based on a cross-sectional pilot-survey in N=44 medical students and N=63 students of other disciplines from the University of Cologne. Results: PE includes the understanding of the patient as well as verbal and non-verbal communication, which should result in a helpful therapeutic action of the physician. Patients’ health outcomes in different healthcare settings can be improved considerably from a high quality empathic encounter with their clinician. Basic psychometric results of the German JSPE-S and IRI measures show first promising results. Conclusion: PE as an essential and outcome-relevant element in the patient-physician relationship requires more consideration in the education of medical students and, thus, in medical education research. The German versions of the JSPE-S and IRI measures seem to be promising means to evaluate these education aims and to conduct medical education research on empathy. PMID:22403596

Neumann, Melanie; Scheffer, Christian; Tauschel, Diethard; Lutz, Gabriele; Wirtz, Markus; Edelhäuser, Friedrich

2012-01-01

217

Examining the Gender Gap in Educational Outcomes in Public Education: Involving Pre-Service School Counsellors and Teachers in Cross-Cultural and Interdisciplinary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International educational statistics have reported a gender gap in educational outcomes, with boys falling behind girls in regard to grades, high school graduation and university enrollment and retention. This study involved pre-service teachers and school counsellors in Colleges of Education at three universities on three continents carrying out…

Clark, Mary Ann; Thompson, Paul; Vialle, Wilma

2008-01-01

218

Depressive symptoms and adverse outcomes from hospitalization in older adults: Secondary outcomes of a trial of falls prevention education.  

PubMed

Depression is common in older people and symptoms of depression are known to substantially increase during hospitalization. There is little known about predictors of depressive symptoms in older adults or impact of common interventions during hospitalization. This study aimed to describe the magnitude of depressive symptoms, shift of depressive symptoms and the impact of the symptoms of depression among older hospital patients during hospital admission and identify whether exposure to falls prevention education affected symptoms of depression. Participants (n=1206) were older adults admitted within two Australian hospitals, the majority of participants completed the Geriatric Depression Scale - Short Form (GDS) at admission (n=1168). Participants' mean age was 74.7 (±SD 11) years and 47% (n=551) were male. At admission 53% (619 out of 1168) of participants had symptoms of clinical depression and symptoms remained at the same level at discharge for 55% (543 out of 987). Those exposed to the low intensity education program had higher GDS scores at discharge than those in the control group (low intensity vs control n=652, adjusted regression coefficient (95% CI)=0.24 (0.02, 0.45), p=0.03). The only factor other than admission level of depression that affected depressive symptoms change was if the participant was worried about falling. Older patients frequently present with symptoms of clinical depression on admission to hospital. Future research should consider these factors, whether these are modifiable and whether treatment may influence outcomes. PMID:25442784

Haines, Terry P; Williams, Cylie M; Hill, Anne-Marie; McPhail, Steven M; Hill, D; Brauer, Sandy G; Hoffmann, Tammy C; Etherton-Beer, Chris

2015-01-01

219

Does Prison-Based Adult Basic Education Improve Postrelease Outcomes for Male Prisoners in Florida?  

PubMed Central

The authors use administrative data from Florida to determine the extent to which prison-based adult basic education (ABE) improves inmate’s postrelease labor market outcomes, such as earnings and employment. Using two nonexperimental comparison groups, the authors find evidence that ABE participation is associated with higher postrelease earnings and employment rates, especially for minorities. The authors find that the relationship is the largest for ABE participants who had uninterrupted ABE instruction and for those who received other education services. However, the results do not find any positive effects of ABE participation on reducing recidivism.

Cho, Rosa Minhyo; Tyler, John H.

2014-01-01

220

Children with cochlear implants in Australia: educational settings, supports, and outcomes.  

PubMed

This Australian study examined the communication, academic, and social outcomes of pediatric cochlear implantation from the perspectives of teachers working with children with cochlear implants. The children were aged from 1 to 18 years and attended a range of educational settings in early intervention, primary, and secondary schooling. One hundred and fifty-one teachers completed a survey on one child with a cochlear implant and 15 of these teachers were interviewed. Teachers reported their perceptions of children's functional outcomes in a range of communication, academic, social, independence, and identity areas. Reported achievements in literacy, numeracy, and social development were below class levels. Implications for educational authorities and professionals working with children with cochlear implants are discussed. PMID:20525801

Punch, Renée; Hyde, Merv

2010-01-01

221

Citizenship Education as an Educational Outcome for Young People in Care: A Phenomenological Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study presents a retrospective analysis of how a cohort of young men, who as boys were assigned to residential care in Malta, perceive the citizenship education that they received while "in care" as having empowered them--as boys, adolescents, and eventually as young adults. Rather than focusing on citizenship education that is…

Spiteri, Damian

2012-01-01

222

Ecological Factors and the Behavioral and Educational Outcomes of African American Students in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American students are one of the historically disadvantaged groups by the public education system. Related to this phenomenon is the overrepresentation of African American children in special education due to disability diagnoses, which has been referred to as disproportionality. It has been hypothesized that disproportionality is due to…

Bean, Kristen

2012-01-01

223

Talking about the Pigou Paradox: Socio-Educational Background and Educational Outcomes of AlmaLaurea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Italy has an immobile social structure. At the heart of this immobility is the educational system, with its high direct, but especially indirect cost, due to the extremely long time necessary to get a degree and to complete the subsequent school-to-work transition. Such cost prevents the educational system from reallocating the best opportunities to all talented young people and from

Floro Ernesto Caroleo; Francesco Pastore

2012-01-01

224

Is the high-risk strategy to prevent cardiovascular disease equitable? A pharmacoepidemiological cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Statins are increasingly prescribed to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in asymptomatic individuals. Yet, it is unknown whether those at higher CVD risk – i.e. individuals in lower socio-economic position (SEP) – are adequately reached by this high-risk strategy. We aimed to examine whether the Danish implementation of the strategy to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) by initiating statin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) therapy in high-risk individuals is equitable across socioeconomic groups. Methods Design: Cohort study. Setting and participants: Applying individual-level nationwide register information on socio-demographics, dispensed prescription drugs and hospital discharges, all Danish citizens aged 20+ without previous register-markers of CVD, diabetes or statin therapy were followed during 2002–2006 for first occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) and a dispensed statin prescription (N?=?3.3 mill). Main outcome measures: Stratified by gender, 5-year age-groups and socioeconomic position (SEP), incidence of MI was applied as a proxy for statin need. Need-standardized statin incidence rates were calculated, applying MI incidence rate ratios (IRR) as need-weights to adjust for unequal needs across SEP.Horizontal equity in initiating statin therapy was tested by means of Poisson regression analysis. Applying the need-standardized statin parameters and the lowest SEP-group as reference, a need-standardized statin IRR?>?1 translates into horizontal inequity favouring the higher SEP-groups. Results MI incidence decreased with increasing SEP without a parallel trend in incidence of statin therapy. According to the regression analyses, the need-standardized statin incidence increased in men aged 40–64 by 17%, IRR 1.17 (95% CI: 1.14-1.19) with each increase in income quintile. In women the proportion was 23%, IRR 1.23 (1.16-1.29). An analogous pattern was seen applying education as SEP indicator and among subjects aged 65–84. Conclusion The high-risk strategy to prevent CVD by initiating statin therapy seems to be inequitable, reaching primarily high-risk subjects in lower risk SEP-groups. PMID:22863326

2012-01-01

225

The Missing Link to Connect Education and Employment: Recognition of Non-Formal and Informal Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of learning outcomes is at the heart of many research programmes and policy responses. International surveys (from the International Adult Literacy Survey, back in the mid-nineties, to the forthcoming Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes two OECD surveys), National Qualifications Frameworks or the European Qualifications…

Werquin, Patrick

2012-01-01

226

Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Practical Reasoning Instruction on Student Outcome in Home Economics Education in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis reviewed the effect of practical reasoning instruction (PRI) on student outcome in Home Economics education in Korea. In this meta-analysis, 25 studies with 35 effect sizes were analyzed. The results of this review indicated that PRI is more effective than traditional instruction on student outcomes. A medium and significant…

Yu, Nan Sook

2012-01-01

227

The Labor Market Outcomes of Two Forms of Cross-Border Higher Education Degree Programs between Malaysia and Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the labor market outcomes of two different forms of cross-border higher education degree programs (i.e., study abroad vs. twinning) between Malaysia and Japan. Based on a new graduate survey, it examines whether there are differences in the labor market outcomes between the two programs and what other factors have significant…

Koda, Yoshiko; Yuki, Takako

2013-01-01

228

Encouraging Equitable Online Participation through Curriculum Articulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student participation is a central issue in debates around online education. In most instances, course convenors wish to increase the amount of participation, while ensuring that the quality is of an acceptable standard. They also wish to ensure that their students have adequate access to the technology, and that there is no undue dominance by any…

Masters, Ken; Oberprieler, Gudrun

2004-01-01

229

Learning Outcomes and Knowledge Sharing using Web-based Technologies in Finnish Forest Education from an Educational Experience Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning outcomes, as a conceptual base, are a recognised phenomenon in higher education. Advances in technology, such as web-based technologies in teaching, have facilitated learning efficiency, while such technologies relation to learning outcomes remains a popular topic of research. In this article, we have employed the feedback of 312 Finnish…

Xia, Belle Selene; Rekola, Mika

2013-01-01

230

20 CFR 404.365 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 404.365 Section 404.365 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.365 When an equitably adopted child is...

2010-04-01

231

20 CFR 404.365 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 404.365 Section 404.365 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.365 When an equitably adopted child is...

2014-04-01

232

20 CFR 404.365 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 404.365 Section 404.365 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.365 When an equitably adopted child is...

2012-04-01

233

20 CFR 404.365 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 404.365 Section 404.365 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.365 When an equitably adopted child is...

2011-04-01

234

Institutionalizing Equitable Policies and Practices for Contingent Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a qualitative inquiry into the institutionalization of equitable policies for non-tenure-track faculty. Through the theoretical framework of institutionalization, we examine factors and strategies forwarding various policies and practices and the challenges that arise. The results highlight themes throughout the stages of…

Kezar, Adrianna; Sam, Cecile

2013-01-01

235

DRAFT: Generalizing Ham Sandwich Cuts to Equitable Subdivisions  

E-print Network

DRAFT: Generalizing Ham Sandwich Cuts to Equitable Subdivisions Sergei Bespamyatnikh David Abstract We prove a generalization of famous Ham Sandwich Theorem for the plane. Given gn red points and gm is equivalent to the Ham Sandwich Theorem in the plane. We also present an efficient algorithm for constructing

Bespamyatnikh, Sergei

236

ORIGINAL PAPER Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable,  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable, and enduring social bonds Joan B. Silk, coalitions, and aggression among chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) in the Okavango Delta of Botswana findings about the structure and function of social bonds in other primate groups. Keywords Baboons

Seyfarth, Robert

237

Microcredit initiatives for equitable and sustainable development: Who pays?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing acknowledgement that micro-credit programs have potential for equitable and sustainable development. However, my anthropological research on the micro-credit program of the Grameen Bank shows that bank workers are expected to increase disbursement of loans among their members and press for high recovery rates to earn profit necessary for economic viability of the institution. To ensure timely

Aminur Rahman

1999-01-01

238

Transition Care: Future Directions in Education, Health Policy, and Outcomes Research  

PubMed Central

All youth must transition from pediatric to adult-centered medical care. This process is especially difficult for youth with special health care needs. Many youth do not receive the age-appropriate medical care they need and are at risk during this vulnerable time. Previous research has identified barriers that may prevent effective transition, and protocols have been developed to improve the process. Health outcomes related to successful transition have yet to be fully defined. Health care transition can also be influenced by education of providers, but there are gaps in medical education at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels. Current changes in federal health policy allow improved health care coverage, provide some new financial incentives, and test new structures for transitional care, including the evolution of accountable care organizations (ACO). Future work must test how these systems changes will affect quality of care. Finally, transition protocols exist in various medical subspecialties; however, national survey results show no improvement in transition readiness, and there are no consistent measures of what constitutes transition success. In order to advance the field of transition, research must be done to integrate transition curricula at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels; to provide advance financial incentives and pilot the ACO model in centers providing care to youth during transition; to define outcome measures of importance to transition; and to study the effectiveness of current transition tools on improving these outcomes. PMID:24602574

Sharma, Niraj; O’Hare, Kitty; Antonelli, Richard C.; Sawicki, Gregory S.

2014-01-01

239

The Changing Infrastructure of Tertiary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents summaries of presentations delivered at the Programme on Educational Building seminar "The Changing Infrastructure of Tertiary Education", including topics on facility and educational quality, university building ownership, and indicators on strategic performance and equitable financing. (Contains Seminar conclusions.) (GR)

PEB Exchange, 2000

2000-01-01

240

Role of Education in HIV Clinical Outcomes in a Tuberculosis Endemic Setting.  

PubMed

This study evaluated how educational attainment impacts clinical outcomes of HIV-positive patients in Durban, South Africa. The authors conducted a prospective study of 466 adult HIV-positive patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) at an urban TB-HIV clinic from October 2004 to June 2007. The level of educational attainment (highest grade completed) was assessed at ART initiation. The authors measured tuberculosis treatment outcomes as well as death, lost to follow-up, viral suppression (HIV RNA <400 copies/mL), and immunologic response (CD4 ?200 cells/mm(3)) at 6, 12, and 24 months after ART initiation. After 24 months of ART initiation, there were 43 deaths; viral suppression and immunologic response were observed in 88% and 83% of the remaining patients, respectively. The authors found no association between level of educational attainment and mortality (P = .12), loss to follow-up (P = .85), virologic response (P = .51), or immunologic response (P = .63). Similar findings were observed at 6 and 12 months post-ART initiation. PMID:23708680

Cohen, Gabriel M; Werner, Lise; Gengiah, Santhanalakshmi; Naidoo, Kogieleum

2014-09-01

241

Longitudinal Impact of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in First Grade on Educational Outcomes in High School  

PubMed Central

This study examined the longitudinal effects of 2 first-grade universal preventive interventions on academic outcomes (e.g., achievement, special education service use, graduation, postsecondary education) through age 19 in a sample of 678 urban, primarily African American children. The classroom-centered intervention combined the Good Behavior Game (H. H. Barrish, Saunders, & Wolfe, 1969) with an enhanced academic curriculum, whereas a second intervention, the Family–School Partnership, focused on promoting parental involvement in educational activities and bolstering parents’ behavior management strategies. Both programs aimed to address the proximal targets of aggressive behavior and poor academic achievement. Although the effects varied by gender, the classroom-centered intervention was associated with higher scores on standardized achievement tests, greater odds of high school graduation and college attendance, and reduced odds of special education service use. The intervention effects of the Family–School Partnership were in the expected direction; however, only 1 effect reached statistical significance. The findings of this randomized controlled trial illustrate the long-term educational impact of preventive interventions in early elementary school. PMID:23766545

Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Zmuda, Jessika H.; Kellam, Sheppard G.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2013-01-01

242

Effect of patient completed agenda forms and doctors' education about the agenda on the outcome of consultations: randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess the effect of patient completed agenda forms for the consultation and doctors' education on identifying patients' agendas on the outcome of consultations. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting General practices in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom. Participants 46 general practitioners and 976 patients. Interventions Education for general practitioners, with an embedded clustered randomised controlled trial of a patient

J F Middleton; R K McKinley; C L Gillies

2006-01-01

243

Is It Worth It? Postsecondary Education and Labor Market Outcomes for the Disadvantaged. Discussion Paper No. 1425-14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine a range of postsecondary education and labor market outcomes, with a particular focus on minorities and/or disadvantaged workers. We use administrative data from the state of Florida, where postsecondary student records have been linked to Unemployment Insurance (UI) earnings data and also to secondary education records.…

Backes, Benjamin; Holzer, Harry J.; Velez, Erin Dunlop

2014-01-01

244

Is It Worth It? Postsecondary Education and Labor Market Outcomes for the Disadvantaged. CALDER Working Paper No. 117  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine a range of postsecondary education and labor market outcomes, with a particular focus on minorities and/or disadvantaged workers. We use administrative data from the state of Florida, where postsecondary student records have been linked to UI earnings data and also to secondary education records. Our main findings can be…

Backes, Benjamin; Holzer, Harry J.; Dunlop Velez, Erin

2014-01-01

245

Template of patient-specific summaries facilitates education and outcomes in paediatric cardiac surgery units  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES Few educational opportunities exist in paediatric cardiac critical care units (PCCUs). We introduced a new educational activity in the PCCU in the form of of patient-specific summaries (TPSS). Our objective was to study the role of TPSS in the provision of a positive learning experience to the multidisciplinary clinical team of PCCUs and in improving patient-related clinical outcomes in the PCCU. METHODS Prospective educational intervention with simultaneous clinical assessment was undertaken in PCCU in an academic children's hospital. TPSS was developed utilizing the case presentation format for upcoming week's surgical cases and delivered once every week to each PCCU clinical team member. Role of TPSS to provide clinical education was assessed using five-point Likert-style scale responses in an anonymous survey 1 year after TPSS provision. Paediatric cardiac surgery patients admitted to the PCCU were evaluated for postoperative outcomes for TPSS provision period of 1 year and compared with a preintervention period of 1 year. RESULTS TPSS was delivered to 259 clinical team members including faculty, fellows, residents, nurse practitioners, nurses, respiratory therapists and others from the Divisions of Anesthesia, Cardiology, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Critical Care, and Pediatrics working in the PCCU. Two hundred and twenty-four (86%) members responded to the survey and assessed the role of TPSS in providing clinical education to be excellent based on mean Likert-style scores of 4.32 ± 0.71 in survey responses. Seven hundred patients were studied for the two time periods and there were no differences in patient demographics, complexity of cardiac defect and surgical details. The length of mechanical ventilation for the TPSS period (57.08 ± 141.44 h) was significantly less when compared with preintervention period (117.39 ± 433.81 h) (P < 0.001) with no differences in length of PCICU stay, hospital stay and mortality for the two time periods. CONCLUSIONS Provision of TPSS in a paediatric cardiac surgery unit is perceived to be beneficial in providing clinical education to multidisciplinary clinical teams and may be associated with improved clinical outcome. PMID:23832839

Agarwal, Hemant S.; Wolfram, Karen B.; Slayton, Jennifer M.; Saville, Benjamin R.; Cutrer, William B.; Bichell, David P.; Harris, Zena L.; Barr, Frederick E.; Deshpande, Jayant K.

2013-01-01

246

Paradoxical Outcomes in an Educational Drama about Gang Rape: Ethical Responsibilities of Practitioners and Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational drama has been embraced as a promising way to address sensitive and highly-charged issues among youth. An Israeli drama, "Backyard Games", about gang rape, based on an actual case in a kibbutz [a communal settlement] called Shomrat, is considered the definitive work on the subject in Israeli theatre. Written by Edna Mazya and directed…

Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat

2005-01-01

247

The Stanford Medical Youth Science Program: educational and science-related outcomes.  

PubMed

Biomedical preparatory programs (pipeline programs) have been developed at colleges and universities to better prepare youth for entering science- and health-related careers, but outcomes of such programs have seldom been rigorously evaluated. We conducted a matched cohort study to evaluate the Stanford Medical Youth Science Program's Summer Residential Program (SRP), a 25-year-old university-based biomedical pipeline program that reaches out to low-income and underrepresented ethnic minority high school students. Five annual surveys were used to assess educational outcomes and science-related experience among 96 SRP participants and a comparison group of 192 youth who applied but were not selected to participate in the SRP, using ~2:1 matching on sociodemographic and academic background to control for potential confounders. SRP participants were more likely than the comparison group to enter college (100.0 vs. 84.4 %, p = 0.002), and both of these matriculation rates were more than double the statewide average (40.8 %). In most areas of science-related experience, SRP participants reported significantly more experience (>twofold odds) than the comparison group at 1 year of follow-up, but these differences did not persist after 2-4 years. The comparison group reported substantially more participation in science or college preparatory programs, more academic role models, and less personal adversity than SRP participants, which likely influenced these findings toward the null hypothesis. SRP applicants, irrespective of whether selected for participation, had significantly better educational outcomes than population averages. Short-term science-related experience was better among SRP participants, although longer-term outcomes were similar, most likely due to college and science-related opportunities among the comparison group. We discuss implications for future evaluations of other biomedical pipeline programs. PMID:25096792

Crump, Casey; Ned, Judith; Winkleby, Marilyn A

2014-08-01

248

Development, effects, and educational outcomes of reporting from a clinical database.  

PubMed

To develop clinically applicable and educationally useful reports from a clinical database, the authors explored the development of such databases at a medical center. The patient-centered database (PCD) integrates disparate data resources in the service of academic clinicians, postgraduate trainees, and students. From the PCD, daily and monthly reports are generated, which include 1) census update reports, serving as an educational format for a daily case-based morning report discussion and routine rounds; 2) reports of daily admissions and patient census stratified by appropriate housestaff providing the clinical care; and 3) quality assurance measures such as monitoring of length of stay of each patient regardless of the initial housestaff service to which the patient is initially admitted. The results of expanding the number of report beneficiaries, outcomes from a five-month test period, and possibilities for further development and implementation are considered. PMID:1663196

Rouan, G; Marks, E; Tuchfarber, B; Redington, T J; Lorenzi, N

1991-01-01

249

Effects of breast and colorectal cancer on labour market outcomes-average effects and educational gradients.  

PubMed

We estimate causal effects of breast and colorectal cancer on labour market outcomes 1-3 years after the diagnosis. Based on Danish administrative data we estimate average treatment effects on the treated by propensity score weighting methods using persons with no cancer diagnosis as control group. We conduct robustness checks using matching, difference-in-differences methods and an alternative control group of later cancer patients. The different methods give approximately the same results. Cancer increases the risks of leaving the labour force and receiving disability pension, and the effects are larger for the less educated. Effects on income are small and mostly insignificant. We investigate some of the mechanisms which may be important in explaining the educational gradient in effects of cancer on labour market attachment. PMID:24096321

Heinesen, Eskil; Kolodziejczyk, Christophe

2013-12-01

250

A tangled weave: Tracing outcomes of education in rural women's lives in North India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is based on the findings of a research study which traced 56 rural women learners 15 years after they had participated in an empowerment and education programme in North India. It attempts to understand, from the perspectives of women from marginalised communities, the ways in which participating in the programme had been empowering for them, or not. While most of the women were indeed able to transform several areas in their lives, this study illustrates that empowering outcomes cannot be assumed or articulated in categorical terms and that bringing about change requires the negotiation of power at various levels. The women's narratives stand in contrast to the prevalent discourses around women's literacy and empowerment, which highlight the importance of literacy only in terms of its positive impact on attaining development goals. Despite the vigorously discussed de-politicisation of the concept of empowerment, the authors show in this paper that empowerment, when informed by a critical feminist understanding, continues to provide a useful framework to analyse women's experiences related to education, as a process enabling women to understand and negotiate structures of power - which are neither static nor wholly dominating - and to find spaces to exercise agency. There are few longitudinal studies which trace the long-term impact of educational programmes on adult women, and most studies are in the nature of impact assessments of programmes. Through this paper the authors argue for the need to analyse the complexities around the relationship between women's education and empowerment.

Ghose, Malini; Mullick, Disha

2014-11-01

251

Chlamydia screening strategies and outcomes in educational settings: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) screening programs have been established in educational settings in many countries during the past 2 decades. However, recent evidence suggests that high uptake of screening and management (treatment, partner notification, and retesting for reinfection) improves program effectiveness. We conducted a systematic review to understand the screening strategies, the extent of screening conducted, and uptake of management strategies in educational settings. Screening studies in educational settings were identified through a systematic search of published literature from 2005 to 2011. We identified 27 studies describing 30 screening programs in the United States/Canada (n = 10), Europe (n = 8), Australia/New Zealand (n = 5), and Asia (n = 4). Most studies targeted both male and female students (74%). Classroom-based strategies resulted in 21,117 testes overall (4 programs), followed by opportunistic screening during routine health examination (n = 13,470; 5 programs) and opportunistic screening at school-based health centers (n = 13,006; 5 programs). The overall median CT positivity was 4.7% (range, 1.3%-18.1%). Only 5 programs reported treatment rates (median, 100%; range, 86%-100%), 1 partner notification rate (71%), 1 retesting rate within a year of an initial CT diagnosis (47%), and 2 reported repeat positivity rates (21.1% and 26.3%). In conclusion, this systematic review shows that a variety of strategies have been used to screen large numbers of students in educational settings; however, only a few studies have reported CT management outcomes. PMID:24521724

Jamil, Muhammad Shahid; Bauer, Heidi M; Hocking, Jane S; Ali, Hammad; Wand, Handan; Walker, Jennifer; Douglas, Laura; Donovan, Basil; Kaldor, John M; Guy, Rebecca J

2014-03-01

252

Species richness, equitability, and abundance of ants in disturbed landscapes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ants are used as indicators of environmental change in disturbed landscapes, often without adequate understanding of their response to disturbance. Ant communities in the southeastern United States displayed a hump-backed species richness curve against an index of landscape disturbance. Forty sites at Fort Benning, in west-central Georgia, covered a spectrum of habitat disturbance (military training and fire) in upland forest. Sites disturbed by military training had fewer trees, less canopy cover, more bare ground, and warmer, more compact soils with shallower A-horizons. We sampled ground-dwelling ants with pitfall traps, and measured 15 habitat variables related to vegetation and soil. Ant species richness was greatest with a relative disturbance of 43%, but equitability was greatest with no disturbance. Ant abundance was greatest with a relative disturbance of 85%. High species richness at intermediate disturbance was associated with greater within-site spatial heterogeneity. Species richness was also associated with intermediate values of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), a correlate of net primary productivity (NPP). Available NPP (the product of NDVI and the fraction of days that soil temperature exceeded 25 ??C), however, was positively correlated with species richness, though not with ant abundance. Species richness was unrelated to soil texture, total ground cover, and fire frequency. Ant species richness and equitability are potential state indicators of the soil arthropod community. Moreover, equitability can be used to monitor ecosystem change. ?? 2008 Elsevier Ltd.

Graham, J.H.; Krzysik, A.J.; Kovacic, D.A.; Duda, J.J.; Freeman, D.C.; Emlen, J.M.; Zak, J.C.; Long, W.R.; Wallace, M.P.; Chamberlin-Graham, C.; Nutter, J.P.; Balbach, H.E.

2009-01-01

253

Educators and students prefer traditional clinical education to a peer-assisted learning model, despite similar student performance outcomes: a randomised trial.  

PubMed

Question: What is the efficacy and acceptability of a peer-assisted learning model compared with a traditional model for paired students in physiotherapy clinical education? Design: Prospective, assessor-blinded, randomised crossover trial. Participants: Twenty-four physiotherapy students in the third year of a 4-year undergraduate degree. Intervention: Participants each completed 5 weeks of clinical placement, utilising a peer-assisted learning model (a standardised series of learning activities undertaken by student pairs and educators to facilitate peer interaction using guided strategies) and a traditional model (usual clinical supervision and learning activities led by clinical educators supervising pairs of students). Outcome measures: The primary outcome measure was student performance, rated on the Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice by a blinded assessor, the supervising clinical educator and by the student in self-assessment. Secondary outcome measures were satisfaction with the teaching and learning experience measured via survey, and statistics on services delivered. Results: There were no significant between-group differences in Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice scores as rated by the blinded assessor (p=0.43), the supervising clinical educator (p=0.94) or the students (p=0.99). In peer-assisted learning, clinical educators had an extra 6 minutes/day available for non-student-related quality activities (95% CI 1 to 10) and students received an additional 0.33 entries/day of written feedback from their educator (95% CI 0.06 to 0.61). Clinical educator satisfaction and student satisfaction were higher with the traditional model. Conclusion: The peer-assisted learning model trialled in the present study produced similar student performance outcomes when compared with a traditional approach. Peer-assisted learning provided some benefits to educator workload and student feedback, but both educators and students were more satisfied with the traditional model. Trial registration: ACTRN12610000859088. [Sevenhuysen S, Skinner EH, Farlie MK, Raitman L, Nickson W, Keating JL, Maloney S, Molloy E, Haines TP (2014) Educators and students prefer traditional clinical education to a peer-assisted learning model, despite similar student performance outcomes: a randomised trial.Journal of PhysiotherapyXX: XX-XX]. PMID:25450483

Sevenhuysen, Samantha; Skinner, Elizabeth H; Farlie, Melanie K; Raitman, Lyn; Nickson, Wendy; Keating, Jennifer L; Maloney, Stephen; Molloy, Elizabeth; Haines, Terry P

2014-10-23

254

Towards Graduate Medical Education (GME) Accountability: Measuring the Outcomes of GME Institutions  

PubMed Central

Purpose Graduate medical education (GME) plays a key role in the U.S. health care workforce, defining its overall size and specialty distribution, and influencing physician practice locations. Medicare provides nearly $10 billion annually to support GME, and faces growing policymaker interest in creating accountability measures. The purpose of this study was to develop and test candidate GME outcome measures related to physician workforce. Method The authors performed a secondary analysis of data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, National Provider Identifier file, Medicare claims, and National Health Service Corps, measuring the number and percentage of graduates from 2006 to 2008 practicing in high-need specialties and underserved areas aggregated by their U.S. GME program. Results Average overall primary care production rate was 25.2% for the study period, although this is an overestimate since hospitalists could not be excluded. Of 759 sponsoring institutions, 158 produced no primary care graduates, and 184 produced more than 80%. An average of 37.9% of Internal Medicine residents were retained in primary care, including hospitalists. Mean general surgery retention was 38.4%. Overall, 4.8% of graduates practiced in rural areas; 198 institutions produced no rural physicians, and 283 institutions produced no Federally Qualified Health Center or Rural Health Clinic physicians. Conclusions GME outcomes are measurable for most institutions and training sites. Specialty and geographic locations vary significantly. These findings can inform educators and policy-makers during a period of increased calls to align the GME system with national health needs. PMID:23752037

Chen, Candice; Petterson, Stephen; Phillips, Robert L.; Mullan, Fitzhugh; Bazemore, Andrew; O'Donnell, Sarah D.

2013-01-01

255

Piloting an outcome-based programme evaluation tool in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Aims: Different approaches to performance-oriented allocation of resources according to teaching quality are currently being discussed within German medical schools. The implementation of these programmes is impeded by a lack of valid criteria to measure teaching quality. An assessment of teaching quality should include structural and procedural aspects but focus on learning outcome itself. The aim of this study was to implement a novel, outcome-based evaluation tool within the clinical phase of a medical curriculum and address differences between the novel tool and traditional evaluation methods. Methods: Student self-assessments before and after completion of a teaching module were used to compute performance gains for specific learning objectives. Mean performance gains in each module were compared to student expectations before the module and data derived from a traditional evaluation tool using overall course ratings at the end of the module. Results: A ranking of the 21 modules according to computed performance gains yielded entirely different results than module rankings based on overall course ratings. There was no significant correlation between performance gain and overall ratings. However, the latter were significantly correlated to student expectations before entering the module as well as structural and procedural parameters (Pearson’s r 0.7-0.9). Conclusion: Performance gain computed from comparative self-assessments adds an important new dimension to course evaluation in medical education. In contrast to overall course ratings, the novel tool is less heavily confounded by construct-irrelevant factors. Thus, it appears to be more appropriate than overall course ratings in determining teaching quality and developing algorithms to guide performance-oriented resource allocation in medical education. PMID:22737199

Raupach, Tobias; Schiekirka, Sarah; Münscher, Christian; Beißbarth, Tim; Himmel, Wolfgang; Burckhardt, Gerhard; Pukrop, Tobias

2012-01-01

256

Education Outcomes, School Governance and Parents' Demand for Accountability: Evidence from Albania. Policy Research Working Paper 5643  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which teachers and school directors are held to account may play a central role in determining education outcomes, particularly in developing and transition countries where institutional deficiencies can distort incentives. This paper investigates the relationship between an expanded set of school inputs, including proxies for the…

Serra, Danila; Barr, Abigail; Packard, Truman

2011-01-01

257

The Influence of Peer Victimization on Educational Outcomes for LGBTQ and Non-LGBTQ High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 11,447 high school students were surveyed to test the relation between victimization and the educational outcomes of truancy, post-high school intentions, and grades for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) and non-LGBTQ students. LGBTQ students reported statistically higher truancy, lower grades, greater…

Aragon, Steven R.; Poteat, V. Paul; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Koenig, Brian W.

2014-01-01

258

Sounds Like Success: A Framework for Equitable Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers have many dilemmas when it comes to assessing a classroom of diverse students. Teachers need to find out what students really know while being fair to all students. They also need to learn how to alter assessments without watering down content. These challenges can be addressed by following five principles for equitable assessment. In this article, the authors describe the "McCes, Sounds Like Success" equity framework. They provide practical examples along with commentary from secondary preservice teachers who participated in a course through which they learned about and applied the framework.

Wissehr, Catherine; Halverson, Kristy; Siegel, Marcelle A.

2008-03-01

259

The Human Anatomy Teacher-Scholar: Meeting the Expectations of Educational Outcomes Research, Course Content Innovation, and Textbook Innovation for Educational Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to…

Eckel, Christine Marie

2009-01-01

260

Financing equitable TOD in Denver, San Francisco, and the rest of the nation  

E-print Network

Equitable TOD is an integrated approach to community development that links affordable housing production and preservation strategies to regional transportation and economic development planning. This approach has strong ...

Parkhurst, Marcie Elizabeth

2012-01-01

261

The human anatomy teacher-scholar: Meeting the expectations of educational outcomes research, course content innovation, and textbook innovation for educational scholarship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to become a human anatomy teacher-scholar. These projects included: (1) prospectively testing a hypothesis, and performing outcomes assessment in a field for which little data (theory) exist (dissection guide educational research project), (2) creating innovative course content that bridged disciplines (cadaver autopsy project), and (3) composing original teaching material for a specific audience (human anatomy laboratory manual). The training of a human anatomy teacher-scholar emphasizes knowledge acquisition in both the basic sciences (particularly gross anatomy) and in educational outcomes research methodology and theory. Therefore, human anatomy teacher-scholars are positioned to create innovative course content and materials and assess the innovations to guide future efforts. These are important skills for faculty members involved in the education of medical students in the U.S. as the medical education system in the U.S. continues to evolve.

Eckel, Christine Marie

262

Doing Better: Illuminating a Framework of Equitable Science Pedagogy through a Cross- Case Analysis of Urban High School Science Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students of color are routinely asked to participate in science education that is less intellectually rich and self-affirming. Additionally, teachers have trouble embarking on professional growth related to issues of equity and diversity in science. The purpose of this dissertation research is to develop a multi-dimensional framework for equitable science pedagogy (ESP) through analyzing the efforts and struggles of high school science teachers. This study is grounded in a conceptual framework derived from scholarship in science education, multicultural education, critical science studies, and teacher learning. The following questions guide this research: 1) What visions and enactments emerge in teachers' practices towards equitable science pedagogy? 2) How are teachers' practice decisions towards ESP influenced by their personal theories of race/culture, science, and learning and sociocultural contexts? 3) Why are there consistencies and variances across teachers' practices? This study employs a qualitative multiple case study design with ethnographic data collection to explore the practices of three urban high school science teachers who were identified as being committed to nurturing the science learning of students of color. Data include over 120 hours of classroom observation, 60 hours of teacher interviews, and 500 teacher- and student-generated artifacts. Data analysis included coding teachers' practices using theory- and participant generated codes, construction of themes based on emergent patterns, and cross-case analysis. The affordances and limitations of the participants' pedagogical approaches inform the following framework for equitable science pedagogy: 1) Seeing race and culture and sharing responsibility for learning form foundational dimensions. Practices from the other three dimensions--- nurturing students' identities, re-centering students' epistemologies, and critiquing structural inequities---emerge from the foundation. As emergent practices, they are constituted by but not reduced to practices in the initial dimensions. 2) Ideas from the foundational dimensions are filtered through teachers' stances on science. Thus, teachers' practices in the emergent dimensions and the foundational dimensions are mediated by teachers' pedagogical ideas about science and school science. 3) Teachers' articulations of practice influence the possibility of on-going work towards equitable science pedagogy.

Sheth, Manali J.

263

20 CFR 404.734 - Evidence you are an equitably adopted child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. 404.734 Section 404.734 Employees...INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.734 Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. In many States, the law will...

2011-04-01

264

20 CFR 404.734 - Evidence you are an equitably adopted child.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. 404.734 Section 404.734 Employees...INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence for Child's and Parent's Benefits § 404.734 Evidence you are an equitably adopted child. In many States, the law will...

2013-04-01

265

Learning Outcomes and Behavioral Changes With a Pharmacy Continuing Professional Education Program  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the results of an interactive curricular-based 3-month long pharmacy continuing professional education (CPE) program on short- and long-term learning outcomes and behavioral changes of current and potential preceptors. Methods A CPE program was developed that covered specific disease states and teaching skills. The goals of the course were to provide knowledge and skills needed to precept the College's new advanced rotations, and to attract more pharmacists to serve as preceptors. The course included pre-readings and 3-hour long workshops over a 3-month period of time. Learning and behavior were assessed by a pretest and posttest and follow-up survey. Results Ninety-nine pharmacists completed the course. Fifty participants completed the assessments and were included in the analysis, yielding a usable response rate of 52%. However, only 30 participants completed the follow-up survey instrument, resulting in a response rate of 30%. There was a significant increase in test scores between the pretest and posttest, but a significant decline in test scores between posttest and the follow-up survey. Conclusions An interactive, curricular-based pharmacy CPE program is effective in increasing learning, but participants may not maintain the acquired knowledge over time. The program was not an effective mechanism to attract pharmacists to serve as preceptors. PMID:17149405

2006-01-01

266

Research Problems in Data Curation: Outcomes from the Data Curation Education in Research Centers Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need for data curation is being recognized in numerous institutional settings as national research funding agencies extend data archiving mandates to cover more types of research grants. Data curation, however, is not only a practical challenge. It presents many conceptual and theoretical challenges that must be investigated to design appropriate technical systems, social practices and institutions, policies, and services. This presentation reports on outcomes from an investigation of research problems in data curation conducted as part of the Data Curation Education in Research Centers (DCERC) program. DCERC is developing a new model for educating data professionals to contribute to scientific research. The program is organized around foundational courses and field experiences in research and data centers for both master's and doctoral students. The initiative is led by the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, in collaboration with the School of Information Sciences at the University of Tennessee, and library and data professionals at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). At the doctoral level DCERC is educating future faculty and researchers in data curation and establishing a research agenda to advance the field. The doctoral seminar, Research Problems in Data Curation, was developed and taught in 2012 by the DCERC principal investigator and two doctoral fellows at the University of Illinois. It was designed to define the problem space of data curation, examine relevant concepts and theories related to both technical and social perspectives, and articulate research questions that are either unexplored or under theorized in the current literature. There was a particular emphasis on the Earth and environmental sciences, with guest speakers brought in from NCAR, National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Through the assignments, students constructed dozens of research questions informed by class readings, presentations, and discussions. A technical report is in progress on the resulting research agenda covering: data standards; infrastructure; research context; data reuse; sharing and access; preservation; and conceptual foundations. This presentation will discuss the agenda and its importance for the geosciences, highlighting high priority research questions. It will also introduce the related research to be undertaken by two DCERC doctoral students at NCAR during the 2013-2014 academic year and other data curation research in progress by the doctoral DCERC team.

Palmer, C. L.; Mayernik, M. S.; Weber, N.; Baker, K. S.; Kelly, K.; Marlino, M. R.; Thompson, C. A.

2013-12-01

267

Outcomes-based Management and Organizational Learning: The Role of the Adult Educator in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the experiences of nonprofit managers with the outcomes-based funding model. Research findings highlight the complexities of implementing outcome measurement systems in social service organizations. The paradox, however, is best managed within an organizational learning framework. The paper explains how outcome measurement can be integrated into organizational life in a manner that is motivating and compatible with the

Tracey Lloyd

268

Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable, and enduring social bonds  

PubMed Central

Analyses of the pattern of associations, social interactions, coalitions, and aggression among chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) in the Okavango Delta of Botswana over a 16-year period indicate that adult females form close, equitable, supportive, and enduring social relationships. They show strong and stable preferences for close kin, particularly their own mothers and daughters. Females also form strong attachments to unrelated females who are close to their own age and who are likely to be paternal half-sisters. Although absolute rates of aggression among kin are as high as rates of aggression among nonkin, females are more tolerant of close relatives than they are of others with whom they have comparable amounts of contact. These findings complement previous work which indicates that the strength of social bonds enhances the fitness of females in this population and support findings about the structure and function of social bonds in other primate groups. PMID:20976293

Beehner, Jacinta C.; Bergman, Thore J.; Crockford, Catherine; Engh, Anne L.; Moscovice, Liza R.; Wittig, Roman M.; Seyfarth, Robert M.; Cheney, Dorothy L.

2010-01-01

269

The Effects of Work on the Educational Experiences and Liberal Arts Outcomes of First Year College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This longitudinal study explores the effects of work on 18 experiences and outcomes commonly associated with a liberal arts education across 3,081 first-year, full-time college students at 19 institutions. It isolates the unique effects of five categories of work based on location (on- or off-campus) and intensity (number of hours worked,per week) while controlling for important demographic,variables and taking

Mark H. Salisbury; Ryan D. Padgett; Ernest T. Pascarella

270

Implications of Educational Attainment Trends for Labor Market Outcomes. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (7)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Well-educated workers have higher wages, higher wage growth, and lower unemployment rates than workers with lower levels of educational attainment. While earnings have traditionally grown with educational attainment, the gaps have become more pronounced in recent years. While returns to education have increased, this research shows that…

Buddin, Richard

2012-01-01

271

Linking Urban Youth to STEM Research: Outcomes of Educational Outreach in Diverse K-12 Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science, Engineering and Mathematics Link, Inc. (SEM Link) is national nonprofit organization that exposes K-12 students to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) research. Since 2005, SEM Link has worked with academic, government, and private industry partners to expose urban youth to STEM research. Its dual-core program model includes an Experimental Design Program and Math and Science Career Academy which enhance STEM educational experiences for culturally and ethnically diverse K-12 students in urban schools and youth-serving community organizations in the San Francisco Bay Area, Atlanta, and Washington, DC. The Experimental Design Program teaches students how to design and conduct experiments for science fairs utilizing research, laboratory, and scientific literacy skills. Science fair judging provides opportunities for students to get feedback on their projects from STEM professionals. SEM Link has supported over 20 science fairs at schools, school districts, community organizations and STEM professional societies. The Math and Science Career Academy connects youth with STEM professionals who engage classes in hands-on research activities, after-school programs, field trips and community events such as STEM career fairs and science festivals. Students are provided with opportunities to engage in hands-on STEM activities, explore STEM careers, and learn about real-world applications of STEM in the classroom, after-school programs, outdoors in community parks and greenspaces, and at academic institutions. Learning outcomes have been enhanced by supplementary, structured STEM activities, such as field experiments and science fair support, and by exposure to scientists and other STEM professionals from underrepresented groups.

Smith, T. T.; Myles, L.

2012-12-01

272

An Exploratory Investigation of the Assessment Practices of Selected Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business--Accredited Business Programs and Linkages with General Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study investigated the assessment practices of five different undergraduate business programs. It examines the learning outcomes required for the business programs and their linkages with general education outcomes. Specific assessment methods, the results from assessments, and how business program faculty use assessment findings to…

Vitullo, Elizabeth; Jones, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

273

The Association between Rural-Urban Continuum, Maternal Education and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Quebec, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Rural relative to urban area and low socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Whether a graded association of increasing magnitude is present across the urban-rural continuum, accounting for SES, is unclear. We examined the association between rural-urban continuum, SES and adverse birth outcomes. Methods:…

Auger, Nathalie; Authier, Marie-Andree; Martinez, Jerome; Daniel, Mark

2009-01-01

274

Expansion of Chinese Higher Education since 1998: Its Causes and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines an important development in Chinese higher education in the late 1990s and early 2000s, namely, its radical expansion of enrollment starting from 1998. After a brief review of the related literature on educational expansion, the paper analyzes the higher education expansion in China in detail. The paper argues that a variety of…

Wan, Yinmei

2006-01-01

275

Educational Outcomes for MD-PhD Program Matriculants: A National Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose Educational outcomes for a national cohort of MD-PhD program matriculants have not been described. Method The authors used multivariate logistic regression to identify factors independently associated with overall MD-PhD program non-completion (both MD-only graduation and medical-school withdrawal/dismissal) compared with MD-PhD program graduation among the 1995–2000 national cohort of MD-PhD program enrollees at matriculation at medical schools with and without National Institutes of Health Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) support. Results Of 2,582 MD-PhD program enrollees in this national cohort (1,729[67.0%] men; 853[33.0%] women), 1,885 (73.0%) were MD-PhD-program graduates, 597 (23.1%) were MD-only graduates, and 100 (3.9%) withdrew/were dismissed from medical school. Enrollees at non-MSTP-funded schools compared with MSTP-funded schools (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60–2.41) and who had lower Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores (<31 vs. ?36: AOR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.20–2.14; 31–33 vs. ?36: AOR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.01–1.70)were more likely to have left the MD-PhD program; enrollees who reported greater planned career involvement in research (AOR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.51–0.84) and matriculated in more recent years (AOR,0.90; 95% CI, 0.85–0.96) were less likely to have left the MD-PhD program. Gender, race/ethnicity, and pre-medical debt were not independently associated with overall MD-PhD program non-completion. Conclusions Most MD-PhD matriculants completed the MD-PhD program, and 85.7% (597/697) of non-completers graduated from medical school. The authors’ findings regarding variables associated with MD-PhD program attrition can inform efforts to recruit and support MD-PhD program enrollees through successful completion of the dual-degree program. PMID:24280845

Jeffe, Donna B.; Andriole, Dorothy A.; Wathington, Heather D.; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

276

Value and cancer care: toward an equitable future.  

PubMed

Health care expenses in the United States are increasing inexorably. At the current rate of growth, it is anticipated that 20% of the gross national product will consist of health-related expenditures within the next decade. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and it is increasing in prevalence because of the aging of the population and the limited number of successful prevention strategies. As the biological characteristics of cancer come into sharper focus, targeted therapies are being developed that offer the promise of increased clinical benefit with fewer toxicities than are associated with conventional treatment. Although spectacular successes are infrequent with this approach, to date, the majority of targeted therapies are modestly effective at best, and extremely costly. This observation suggests that a broadly acceptable definition of value in a cancer therapeutic agent is not at hand, but is sorely needed from the vantage points of the patient and society. A corollary issue of enormous import is how to equitably distribute the health care dollar in the service of achieving the greatest good for the greatest number. Although cancer is responsible for only 5% of the health care budget, its cost is increasing and it can be viewed as paradigmatic when contemplating the problem of equity in health care. Here, a number of concepts are discussed that focus on this goal and its implications for the cancer patient and society at large. PMID:21169254

Schnipper, Lowell E; Meropol, Neal J; Brock, Dan W

2010-12-15

277

An educational approach to improve outcomes in acute kidney injury (AKI): report of a quality improvement project  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the impact of a quality improvement project that used a multifaceted educational intervention on how to improve clinician's knowledge, confidence and awareness of acute kidney injury (AKI). Setting 2 large acute teaching hospitals in England, serving a combined population of over 1.5 million people. Participants All secondary care clinicians working in the clinical areas were targeted, with a specific focus on clinicians working in acute admission areas. Interventions A multifaceted educational intervention consisting of traditional didactic lectures, case-based teaching in small groups and an interactive web-based learning resource. Outcome measures We assessed clinicians’ knowledge of AKI and their self-reported clinical behaviour using an interactive questionnaire before and after the educational intervention. Secondary outcome measures included clinical audit of patient notes before and after the intervention. Results 26% of clinicians reported that they were aware of local AKI guidelines in the preintervention questionnaire compared to 64% in the follow-up questionnaire (?²=60.2, p<0.001). There was an improvement in the number of clinicians reporting satisfactory practice when diagnosing AKI, 50% vs 68% (?²=12.1, p<0.001) and investigating patients with AKI, 48% vs 64% (?²=9.5, p=0.002). Clinical audit makers showed a trend towards better clinical practice. Conclusions This quality improvement project utilising a multifaceted educational intervention improved awareness of AKI as demonstrated by changes in the clinician's self-reported management of patients with AKI. Elements of the project have been sustained beyond the project period, and demonstrate the power of quality improvement projects to help initiate changes in practice. Our findings are limited by confounding factors and highlight the need to carry out formal randomised studies to determine the impact of educational initiatives in the clinical setting. PMID:24650804

Xu, Gang; Baines, Richard; Westacott, Rachel; Selby, Nick; Carr, Susan

2014-01-01

278

77 FR 47070 - Withdrawal of the Commission Policy Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies in Competition Cases  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies in Competition Cases AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission...Policy Statement on Monetary Remedies in Competition Cases. The Commission has now withdrawn...Mark Seidman, Attorney, Bureau of Competition, Federal Trade Commission, 600...

2012-08-07

279

The Search for Equitable Compensation for Religious Teaching in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues related to stipend, compensation, and benefit levels for the religious working in Catholic schools. Stresses the need for the development of a new, more equitable model of compensation. (CBC)

Steinkamp, Kathleen

1985-01-01

280

Assessing the Outcomes of Higher Education. Proceedings of the ETS Invitational Conference (47th, New York, New York, October 25, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine papers were presented at the 1986 Educational Testing Service Invitational Conference on outcomes assessment in higher education. The Award for Distinguished Service to Measurement was awarded to Frederic Kuder for development of the Kuder-Richardson 20 and KR-21 formulas for test reliability, the Kuder Preference Record, and the Kuder…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

281

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: The Perceptions of Parents of Students with Disabilities. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined parents' perceptions of the educational program of their children with disabilities. Ten parents of students with disabilities participated in focus groups and provided their ideas and opinions…

Bulgren, Janis A.

282

Avoiding the Perils and Fulfilling the Promises of Microfinance: A Closer Examination of the Educational Outcomes of Clients' Children in Nicaragua  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many microfinance advocates claim that micro-credit has a positive effect on the educational outcomes of the children of micro-credit borrowers, and that these educational improvements provide us with evidence that micro-credit institutions are serving the social function for which they have been designed. This paper draws attention to this area…

Holland, Tracey; Wang, Lihua

2011-01-01

283

To What Extent is the Mayer and Salovey (1997) Model of Emotional Intelligence a Useful Predictor of Leadership Style and Perceived Leadership Outcomes in Australian Educational Institutions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have found that transformational leadership is related to positive outcomes in educational institutions. Hence, it is important to explore constructs that may predict leadership style in order to identify potential transformational leaders in assessment and selection procedures. Several studies in non-educational settings have found…

Grunes, Paul; Gudmundsson, Amanda; Irmer, Bernd

2014-01-01

284

The Quest for Continuous Improvement: A Qualitative Study on Diffusion of Outcomes Assessment among Career and Technical Education Faculty Members at Rocky Mountain States Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following qualitative multicase study presents an examination of outcomes assessment adoption as it relates to Career and Technical Education faculty at community colleges and outlines recommendations for postsecondary education administration as they introduce innovations to faculty members. The purpose of this investigation was to explore…

McFarlane, Michele

2012-01-01

285

Undergraduate Learning Outcomes for the 21st Century and Associated Practices: The Case of the College of Education at King Faisal University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focuses on higher education practices associated with learning outcomes for the 21st century, and the degree of their applications in the College of Education at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. The findings show that most of these practices are not implemented or are being administered at a low level. Accordingly, the study calls…

Al-arfaj, Maher M.

2011-01-01

286

An Investigation of the Cost-Benefits and Consumer Outcomes Related to Competency Based Education In a Community College Nursing Program. Final Report, 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three final reports on a competency-based computer-assisted nursing education program at Mt. Hood Community College include the following: (1) the examination and refinement of curricular outcomes; (2) cost analysis of the program relative to nursing education, learner benefits, and effectiveness; and (3) an examination of the relationship between…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

287

Just the Facts, Ma'am: Postsecondary Education and Labor Market Outcomes in the U.S. IRP Discussion Paper No. 1411-13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we provide a comprehensive and up-to-date snapshot of the most important postsecondary education and labor market outcomes in the United States using two nationally representative sources of data: the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and the National Educational Longitudinal Survey (NELS). We find that postsecondary…

Holzer, Harry J.; Dunlop, Erin

2013-01-01

288

From Bachelor's Degree to Work: Major Field of Study and Employment Outcomes of 1992-93 Bachelor's Degree Recipients Who Did Not Enroll in Graduate Education by 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between undergraduate major and early employment outcomes of college graduates who did not pursue graduate education within 4 years after earning their bachelor's degree. Data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond Study (National Center for Education Statistics) show that graduates who enter applied fields of engineering,…

Horn, Laura J.; Zahn, Lisa

2001-01-01

289

Long-Term Outcomes of Young Adults Exposed to Maltreatment: The Role of Educational Experiences in Promoting Resilience to Crime and Violence in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether positive educational experiences in midadolescence mitigate the impact of exposure to substantiated maltreatment and reduces young adult antisocial behavior. While there is theoretical and empirical support for the mediating or moderating role of educational experiences on maltreatment and antisocial outcomes, few…

Smith, Carolyn A.; Park, Aely; Ireland, Timothy O.; Elwyn, Laura; Thornberry, Terence P.

2013-01-01

290

The Effects of Multi-Dimensional Competition on Education Market Outcomes  

E-print Network

private schools BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics CBSA Core Based Statistical Area CCD Common Core of Data, National Center for Education Statistics CWI Comparable wage index DEA Data envelopment analysis f.o.b. Free-on-board GMM Generalized... ..................................................... 19 2.1.4. Monopsony in Education Labor Markets .................................... 21 2.2. Models of Education Personnel Wage Determination ................................ 25 2.2.1. Wages in an Oligopsony Model...

Karakaplan, Mustafa

2012-10-19

291

An Active-Learning Strategies Primer for Achieving Ability-Based Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Active learning is an important component of pharmacy education. By engaging students in the learning process, they are better able to apply the knowledge they gain. This paper describes evidence supporting the use of active-learning strategies in pharmacy education and also offers strategies for implementing active learning in pharmacy curricula in the classroom and during pharmacy practice experiences. PMID:22171114

Gleason, Brenda L.; Peeters, Michael J.; Resman-Targoff, Beth H.; Karr, Samantha; McBane, Sarah; Kelley, Kristi; Thomas, Tyan

2011-01-01

292

A Study of Four Federal Graduate Fellowship Programs: Education and Employment Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE) in the U.S. Department of Education (ED) sponsors four graduate fellowship programs: the Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad (DDRA) fellowship program, the Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) fellowship program, the Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need (GAANN) fellowship …

Kraus, Lewis E.; Henke, Robin R.; Nevill, Stephanie; Linnard, David; Pflueger, Jeff; Mattox, Tiffany

2008-01-01

293

Implicit, Stand-Alone or Integrated Skills Education for Undergraduates: A Longitudinal Analysis of Programme Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a longitudinal investigation into the effectiveness of skills education programmes within business and management undergraduate degree courses. During the period between 2005 and 2011, a large business school in the south-west of England was developed and implemented two distinct approaches to skills education.…

MacVaugh, Jason; Jones, Anna; Auty, Stephanie

2014-01-01

294

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in "Sci Educ" 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in "Sci Educ" 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective,…

Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie

2013-01-01

295

Outcomes Assessment: Responding to Societal and Economic Challenges through Adult Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that students over age 25 will soon comprise the majority in higher education, programming and resource allocation at many universities remain inadequate to meet adult needs. Institutions have also failed to invest in adult education research. At the same time, pressures for objective assessment of student learning in higher…

Murphy, John D.; And Others

296

Blended Learning in Higher Education: Students' Perceptions and Their Relation to Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New information and communication technologies (ICTs) provide educators and learners with an innovative learning environment to stimulate and enhance the teaching and learning process. In this context, novel educational concepts such as blended learning are being developed. In the present paper, we present the results obtained from a blended…

Lopez-Perez, M. Victoria; Perez-Lopez, M. Carmen; Rodriguez-Ariza, Lazaro

2011-01-01

297

LEAP Works! Outcomes of a Family-based Nutrition Education and Physical Activity Promotion Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overweight is an endemic public health concern for children, adolescents, and adults. Reducing the prevalence of childhood overweight is a national health objective and nine million U.S. children, currently classified as overweight, require effective nutrition education and physical activity promotion services. The intent of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a family-based nutrition education and physical activity promotion

Michelle A. Monastra; Judith Bordin; Cindy B. Wolff

2005-01-01

298

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age based school entry laws force parents and educators to consider an important tradeoff: though students who are the youngest in their school cohort typically have poorer academic performance, on average, they have slightly higher educational attainment. In this paper we document that for a large cohort of California and Texas natives the school…

Dobkin, Carlos; Ferreira, Fernando

2010-01-01

299

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes? NBER Working Paper No. 14945  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age based school entry laws force parents and educators to consider an important tradeoff: Though students who are the youngest in their school cohort typically have poorer academic performance, on average, they have slightly higher educational attainment. In this paper we document that for a large cohort of California and Texas natives the school…

Dobkin, Carlos; Ferreira, Fernando

2009-01-01

300

Evaluation of Learning Outcomes Using an Educational iPhone Game vs. Traditional Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present an initial study to determine the subject preferences for educational computer games for children, in which 150 education professionals participated. From the results of this first study, we have developed an iPhone game for transmitting knowledge as part of multiculturalism, solidarity and tolerance following established…

Furio, David; Gonzalez-Gancedo, Santiago; Juan, M.-Carmen; Segui, Ignacio; Rando, Noemi

2013-01-01

301

Toward Effective Public School Programs for Deaf Students: Context, Process, and Outcomes. Special Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book's aim is to define and clarify the issues involved in the education of deaf and hard of hearing children in local public schools, to bring to light the accumulating research in this area, and to recommend actions for organizing effective educational programs. The book offers a perspective on the current confusion in the field of deaf…

Kluwin, Thomas N., Ed.; And Others

302

An Outcome Evaluation Instrument for Alcohol Education, Prevention, and Intervention Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Alcohol Education Evaluation Instrument (AEEI), used in assessing the effectiveness of alcohol education programs. A pilot test with 543 elementary students indicated the measure was able to discriminate drinkers from nondrinkers. The relationship of attitudinal items to drinking behavior indicates the measure's usefulness. (JAC)

Kim, Sehwan; And Others

1984-01-01

303

Increasing Positive Outcomes for African American Males in Special Education with the Use of Guided Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of appropriate interventions is a critical component of educating students, particularly African Americans in special education. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of guided notes on the academic performance of eight African American boys identified as having emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD) and learning…

Patterson, Karen B.

2005-01-01

304

Examining Outcomes-Based Educational Evaluation through a Critical Theory Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary educational evaluation policy and practice can be challenged by applying critical theory and hermeneutics perspectives in evaluation and by asking whose interests are being served through evaluation. Using educational evaluation in Sweden as the context, the author argues for an explanation-oriented evaluation approach that assumes…

Segerholm, Christina

2010-01-01

305

Science in the Maori-Medium Curriculum: Assessment of Policy Outcomes in Putaiao Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second research paper on science education in Maori-medium school contexts complements an earlier article published in this journal (Stewart, 2005). Science and science education are related domains in society and in state schooling in which there have always been particularly large discrepancies in participation and achievement by Maori. In…

Stewart, Georgina

2011-01-01

306

Rewarding and Developing Staff in Higher Education: Outcome of Phase Two. Special Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides feedback on the second phase of the initiative to reward and develop staff in higher education. It includes a preliminary analysis of institutions' human resource (HR) strategies and lists the higher education institutions (HEIs) that have submitted strategies classified as full or full with conditions. In 2001, institutions…

Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

307

Improving the Outcomes of Science Education for the Pacific Northwest. Science and Mathematics Initiatives. Program Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents an effort to stimulate regional discussion and delineate issues of relevance for educators concerned with science education in the Pacific Northwest. It suggests topics of inquiry germane to the context of national initiatives and regional, state, and local challenges. Information is needed to understand "where we are" in…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

308

Gendered paths: Educational and occupational expectations and outcomes among adult children of immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines young adults’ educational and occupational trajectories over a ten-year period using panel data from the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in California. While many of the young men and women in the study are on straightforward paths to socio-economic success, others are falling well short of their goals and imagined futures. Males begin with lower educational and

Cynthia Feliciano; Rubén G. Rumbaut

2005-01-01

309

The development and validation of the Self-Efficacy Beliefs about Equitable Science Teaching and learning instrument for prospective elementary teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop, validate and establish the reliability of an instrument to assess the self-efficacy beliefs of prospective elementary teachers with regards to science teaching and learning for diverse learners. The study used Bandura's theoretical framework, in that the instrument would use the self-efficacy construct to explore the beliefs of prospective elementary science teachers with regards to science teaching and learning to diverse learners: specifically the two dimensions of self-efficacy beliefs defined by Bandura (1977): personal self-efficacy and outcome expectancy. A seven step plan was designed and followed in the process of developing the instrument, which was titled the Self-Efficacy Beliefs about Equitable Science Teaching or SEBEST. Diverse learners as recognized by Science for All Americans (1989) are "those who in the past who have largely been bypassed in science and mathematics education: ethnic and language minorities and girls" (p. xviii). That definition was extended by this researcher to include children from low socioeconomic backgrounds based on the research by Gomez and Tabachnick (1992). The SEBEST was administered to 226 prospective elementary teachers at The Pennsylvania State University. Using the results from factor analyses, Coefficient Alpha, and Chi-Square a 34 item instrument was found to achieve the greatest balance across the construct validity, reliability and item balance with the content matrix. The 34 item SEBEST was found to load purely on four factors across the content matrix thus providing evidence construct validity. The Coefficient Alpha reliability for the 34 item SEBEST was .90 and .82 for the PSE sub-scale and .78 for the OE sub-scale. A Chi-Square test (X2 = 2.7 1, df = 7, p > .05) was used to confirm that the 34 items were balanced across the Personal Self-Efficacy/Outcome Expectancy and Ethnicity/LanguageMinority/Gender Socioeconomic Status/dimensions of the content matrix. Based on the standardized development procedures used and the associated evidence, the SEBEST appears to be a content and construct valid instrument, with high internal reliability and moderate test-retest reliability qualities, for use with prospective elementary teachers to assess self-efficacy beliefs for teaching and learning science for diverse learners.

Ritter, Jennifer M.

1999-12-01

310

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Center for Research and Reform in Education, 2012

2012-01-01

311

The ELDER Project: Educational Model and Three-Year Outcomes of a Community-Based Geriatric Education Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the ELDER (Expanded Learning and Dedication to Elders in the Region) Project was to address the needs of underserved older adults by providing worksite education to individuals who provide nursing care to older adults in community health centers, home health agencies, and long-term care facilities. Four agencies located in a Health…

Lange, Jean W.; Mager, Diana; Greiner, Philip A.; Saracino, Katherine

2011-01-01

312

92 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION, VOL. 43, NO. 2, MAY 2000 Performance Theory Based Outcome Measurement  

E-print Network

Measurement in Engineering Education and Training William E. Dillon, Member, IEEE, George V. Kondraske, Senior Technology Program and United Space Alliance, Inc., Houston, TX. W. E. Dillon and G. V. Kondraske

Everett, Louis J.

313

Student Success Courses and Educational Outcomes at Virginia Community Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 40  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment has positive associations with shorter term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and persisting into the second year. The present study finds…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2012-01-01

314

Educational Outcomes of Children Adopted from Eastern Europe, Now Ages 8-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal data on the cognitive and physical outcomes of children adopted from Eastern Europe by American families is limited. While there is clear evidence that many children adopted from Eastern European countries are more at risk for medical concerns and developmental delay, research that follows these children into their elementary school…

Neuharth-Pritchett, Stacey

2006-01-01

315

Outcomes of an Interdisciplinary Study Abroad Course: Learning Spanish and Multicultural Education Concurrently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the outcomes of undergraduate students completing a pilot Interdisciplinary Intensive Course Abroad (IICA) with a service learning component. The IICA model is comprised of a three-part sequence of study that includes a seven-week course on campus, followed by three weeks of study abroad, and a summative seven-week course back…

Smith, Tami Kopischke; Moreno-Lopez, Isabel

2012-01-01

316

Educational Outcomes of Children Adopted from Eastern Europe, Now Ages 8-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 230,000 children have been adopted from other countries by American parents since 1989, including more than 72,000 from Eastern Europe. Many arrive with growth and development delays, and medical problems. Yet, little is known about the long-term outcomes for these children. Therefore, we assessed long-term developmental,…

Tirella, Linda Grey; Chan, Wilma; Miller, Laurie C.

2006-01-01

317

Perceived learning outcomes in entrepreneurship education : The impact of student motivation and team behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to address the impact of a person's motivation to study entrepreneurship on their subsequent levels of performance in terms of the generation of business ideas, while taking into account the effect of student team behaviour. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper hypothesises that both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation as well as team behaviour influence the learning outcome

Ulla Hytti; Pekka Stenholm; Jarna Heinonen; Jaana Seikkula-Leino

2010-01-01

318

How Features of Educational Technology Applications Affect Student Reading Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this review is to learn from rigorous evaluations of alternative technology applications how features of using technology programs and characteristics of their evaluations affect reading outcomes for students in grades K-12. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards.…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

319

Student Outcomes in Developmental Education 1994-95 through 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on student outcomes in developmental English and mathematics courses at Germanna Community College (Virginia) for the academic period 1994-2000. The study addressed four main issues: (1) the proportion of students enrolled in developmental math and English courses; (2) the success rate for students in developmental courses;…

Germanna Community Coll., Locust Grove, VA.

320

Student Success Courses in the Community College: Early Enrollment and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment, as well as student and institutional characteristics, has positive associations with shorter-term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2013-01-01

321

Integrating Outcomes Assessment into Optometry Education: A Strategic Guide for Enhancing Student Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines eight steps that will help optometry schools transition a faculty from "denial" of the need for assessment to "institutionalization": establish a collaborative environment, establish an infrastructure that makes assessment an integral activity, recruit a leader for full implementation of outcomes assessment, conduct a needs assessment,…

Beck, Diane E.; Daum, Kent M.

2003-01-01

322

Student Outcomes in Developmental Education, 1994-95 through 1999-2000. Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents student outcomes in developmental English and mathematics courses at Germanna Community College (Virginia) for the academic years 1994-95 through 1999-2000. It provides data to answer three questions: What proportion of students enroll in developmental courses? What is the success rate for students enrolled in developmental…

Germanna Community Coll., Locust Grove, VA.

323

Academic Outcome Trajectories of Students with ADHD: Does Exceptional Education Status Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with poor academic performance, but little is known about learning trajectories and risk factors for poor academic outcomes. This study investigates the relationship between ADHD and academic performance in students with ADHD (n = 87), students with subclinical ADHD (n = 23), and…

Bussing, Regina; Porter, Phillip; Zima, Bonnie T.; Mason, Dana; Garvan, Cynthia; Reid, Robert

2012-01-01

324

The Influence of Neighborhood Poverty During Childhood on Fertility, Education, and Earnings Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies attempting to estimate the relative importance of family, neighborhood, residential stability, and homeownership status characteristics of childhood environments on young adult outcomes have: (1) treated these variables as though they were independent, and (2) were limited in their ability to control for household selection effects. This study offers advances in both areas. First, it treats the key explanatory

George Galster; Dave E. Marcotte; Marv Mandell; Hal Wolman; Nancy Augustine

2007-01-01

325

PBL-GIS in Secondary Geography Education: Does It Result in Higher-Order Learning Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents research on evaluating problem-based learning using GIS technology in a Singapore secondary school. A quasi-experimental research design was carried to test the PBL pedagogy (PBL-GIS) with an experimental group of students and compare their learning outcomes with a control group who were exposed to PBL but not GIS. The…

Liu, Yan; Bui, Elisabeth N.; Chang, Chew-Hung; Lossman, Hans G.

2010-01-01

326

EQUALITY OUTCOMES SCHEME Edinburgh Napier University is one of the largest higher education institutions in  

E-print Network

EQUALITY OUTCOMES SCHEME 2013-15 #12;Foreword Edinburgh Napier University is one of the largest prior to the enactment of the Equality Act 2010, we have collected and published age, sex, ethnicity, students and visitors, we have been working to a three-year Equality Scheme 2010-13, which has now been

Maizels, Rick

327

The Interprofessional Psychosocial Oncology Distance Education (IPODE) project: perceived outcomes of an approach to healthcare professional education.  

PubMed

The Interprofessional Psychosocial Oncology Distance Education (IPODE) project was designed as an approach to the problems of feasibility and accessibility in specialty health professional education, in this case, psychosocial oncology (PSO). In this article, we report the evaluation findings from the first three years of the project in relation to one IPODE course, which was offered as a graduate level university elective in nine Canadian universities and as a continuing education (CE) option to health professionals between January 2008 and May 2010. The evaluation included a pre and post questionnaire that explored how an interprofessional (IP), web-based, PSO course influenced participants' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about IP, person-centered PSO care. It also examined what attributes of a web-based platform were most effective in delivering an IP PSO course. The study yielded two key findings. First, web-based learning in a pan-Canadian and cross-university collaboration is a viable alternative to providing specialty education and significantly improves knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about IP, person-centered PSO care. Second, a web-based platform with real-time seminars, discussion boards and multiple audio visual resources that privilege first person illness narratives were important elements in expanding knowledge and shifting attitudes about IP practice and person-centered care in regards to PSO. In their evaluation, course participants highlighted a variety of ways in which the course expanded their vision about what constitutes an IP team and increased their confidence in interacting with healthcare professionals from professions other than their own. PMID:24354498

McLeod, Deborah; Curran, Janet; Dumont, Serge; White, Maureen; Charles, Grant

2014-05-01

328

Substance Use, Education, Employment, and Criminal Activity Outcomes of Adolescents in Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation\\u000a in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on substance\\u000a use, school attendance, employment, and involvement in criminal activity at 12 months post-admission for 419 adolescents (aged\\u000a 12 to 18) enrolled in chemical dependency

Ana I. Balsa; Jenny F. Homer; Michael T. French; Constance M. Weisner

2009-01-01

329

Evaluating the impact of pain management (PM) education on physician practice patterns--a continuing medical education (CME) outcomes study.  

PubMed

California Assembly Bill AB487 mandates that all practicing physicians are required to obtain 12 h of Continuing Medical Education in Pain Management and End of Life Care before the year 2006 in order to renew their state license to practice medicine. In order to determine the effectiveness of this bill in influencing the practice of medicine, we conducted the first of five planned annual Pain Management seminars and utilized physician questionnaires to determine possible practice changes as a result of this seminar. Eighty-one physicians representing 17 multiple specialties of medicine enrolled in this seminar. The topics included: management of malignant and non-malignant pain, pharmacology and management of side effects of opiate and non-opiate analgesics, and adjunctive therapies including depression management and spirituality issues. Physicians were asked to respond to an immediate post-seminar questionnaire and were subsequently queried 4 months following the conference. Fifty-one out of 81 physician registrants responded to an immediate post-attendance questionnaire, and 31 responded to the 4-month follow-up questionnaire. Responses included: [Please see text]. This audience represents the most motivated group of practitioners electing to receive Pain Management Education long before the mandated deadline. Sixty-seven percent expressed an interest in changing their practice following this intensive educational experience. Ninety percent responding to the follow-up evaluation indicated that their practices had changed, suggesting that this seminar series is effective in altering physician practice patterns (supported by Cancer Center Support Grant CA 33572 and Sarnat Foundation). PMID:20204577

Leong, L; Ninnis, J; Slatkin, N; Rhiner, M; Schroeder, L; Pritt, B; Kagan, J; Ball, T; Morgan, R

2010-06-01

330

Educational Technology as a Means for Connecting Improved Learning Outcomes and Scholarly Communications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of scholars publishing their thinking and research as peer reviewed work in print has become in recent years the primary measure for demonstrating competence in higher education. Unfortunately, this increased emphasis has at times been to the detriment of good teaching. Interestingly, several current trends suggest that the "publish…

Bush, Michael D.

2012-01-01

331

The Relationship between Family Education and Support Services and Parent and Child Outcomes over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the use of family education and support (FES) services by examining the longitudinal trajectories of FES receipt and multiple domains of child and family functioning. Using an extant data set of more than 9,000 youth and their caregivers, results indicate that families who…

Kutash, Krista; Garraza, Lucas Godoy; Ferron, John M.; Duchnowski, Albert J.; Walrath, Christine; Green, Amy L.

2013-01-01

332

Redesigning a Special Education Teacher-Preparation Program: The Rationale, Process, and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher-preparation programs across the nation are faced with multiple mandates that aim to increase rigor and effectiveness of future educators. In the state of Illinois, all teacher-preparation programs must revise and redesign their coursework to align with the new professional teaching standards and licensure requirements. This article will…

Fuchs, Wendy W.; Fahsl, Allison J.; James, Susanne M.

2014-01-01

333

Improving Diabetes Outcomes Using a Web-Based Registry and Interactive Education: A Multisite Collaborative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: To support the adoption of guideline concordant care by primary care practices, the New York Diabetes Coalition (NYDC) promoted use of an electronic diabetes registry and developed an interactive educational module on using the registry and improving patient communication. The NYDC hypothesized that use of a registry with immediate…

Morrow, Robert W.; Fletcher, Jason; Kelly, Kim F.; Shea, Laura A.; Spence, Maureen M.; Sullivan, Janet N.; Cerniglia, Joan R.; Yang, YoonJung

2013-01-01

334

The Assessment of Doctoral Education: Emerging Criteria and New Models for Improving Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the growing commitment to assessment at the undergraduate level, doctoral programs are now grappling with what accountability means for them. This book provides a foundation for faculty and academic leaders of doctoral programs to promote inquiry into the educational practices that define their programs and contribute to graduate…

Maki, Peggy L., Ed.; Borkowski, Nancy A., Ed.

2006-01-01

335

The Impact of Service-Learning on General Education Outcomes at a Community College in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning is an instructional method designed to cultivate interaction between students and their communities in order to improve the learning process. Although there is a wealth of information available pertaining to the development and implementation of service-learning in higher education, evidence supporting the impact of…

Landas, Sonya Lisette

2012-01-01

336

Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Program Annual Report, Outcomes through Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship (TELS) program was designed to meet the unique needs of the state of Tennessee by incorporating the hallmark elements of existing merit-based aid programs in other states. Developed through a process involving elected officials and members of the academic community, the TELS program aims to address the…

Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2009

2009-01-01

337

Collaboration between General and Special Educators and Student Outcomes: A Need for More Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although collaboration between general and special educators is frequently recommended in the literature, how much is known and understood about actual collaboration practices remains unclear. Yet, current reforms and law are calling for increased collaboration. Therefore, the purpose of this review of the literature was to explore the research…

van Garderen, Delinda; Stormont, Melissa; Goel, Nidhi

2012-01-01

338

Analysis of Subsequent Educational Decisions of High School Dropouts and Their Life Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used data for a representative sample of 8th graders from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988. The intent was to (1) compare student's dropout status with variables such as demographics, academic and economic factors, limited English proficiency status, and other risk factors of dropping out, (2) distinguish factors…

Chan, Chi-Keung; Kato, Kentaro; Davenport, Ernest C., Jr.; Guven, Kamil

339

Does Patient Partnership in Continuing Medical Education (CME) Improve the Outcome in Osteoporosis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients (n=672) were screened and instructed about osteoporosis; 53 of their physicians attended lectures, a control group did not. A survey of 258 patients showed doctor-ordered screening tests increased regardless of lecture attendance. Increased patient-initiated discussions about osteoporosis suggest that patient education is effective.…

Pazirandeh, Mahmood

2002-01-01

340

Interaction Patterns and Their Relationship with Outcomes in Australian Science Education Project Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study designed to describe the nature of teacher-pupil-materials interactions occurring in classrooms using Australian Science Education Project (ASEP) materials and to investigate relationships between these interaction patterns, changes in student achievement and attitudes toward science in classes taught by teachers whose…

Power, Colin N.; Tisher, Richard P.

341

Positive Discrimination in Education: A Comparative Investigation of Its Bases, Forms, and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores some basic theoretical questions pertaining to positive discrimination in education, drawing from empirical experiences of several countries that have practiced it in one form or another--the United States, India, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. Encompasses policies and practices that have variously been called reverse discrimination,…

Wang, Bee-Lan Chan

1983-01-01

342

Effect of nutrition education on exclusive breastfeeding for nutritional outcome of low birth weight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Objectives:Low birth weight (LBW), defined as the body weight at birth of less than 2500 g, is a major public health problem in Bangladesh, where 37% of the babies are born with LBW. The objective of this study is to see the impact of nutrition education on growth of LBW babies with early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding compared to control

S K Thakur; S K Roy; K Paul; M Khanam; W Khatun; D Sarker

2012-01-01

343

Young Adult Outcomes of the Abecedarian and CARE Early Childhood Educational Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult benefits for participants in Project CARE were compared with those of the Abecedarian Project, a closely related randomized study of early childhood educational intervention for children from low-income families who were at risk of developmental delays and school failure. CARE replicated Abecedarian's young adult treatment-related…

Campbell, Frances A.; Wasik, Barbara H.; Pungello, Elizabeth; Burchinal, Margaret; Barbarin, Oscar; Kainz, Kirsten; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.

2008-01-01

344

Antecedents and Outcomes: Theories of Fit and the Study of Doctoral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores fit as an important theoretical construct in the study of doctoral education and doctoral student development. We discuss how research based on three types of fit (person-environment fit, person-culture fit, person-vocation fit) may provide critical insights into the doctoral student experience, and offer a framework based on…

Baker, Vicki L.; Pifer, Meghan J.

2015-01-01

345

The Impact of Adolescent Stuttering on Educational and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from a Birth Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In interview and survey studies, people who stutter report the belief that stuttering has had a negative impact on their own education and employment. This population study sought objective evidence of such disadvantage for people who stutter as a group, compared with people who do not stutter. Method: A secondary analysis of a British…

McAllister, Jan; Collier, Jacqueline; Shepstone, Lee

2012-01-01

346

Contemporary Approaches for Assessing Outcomes on Training, Education, and HRD Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When educators, trainers, and human resource development (HRD) practitioners are asked to produce evidence that supports the productivity of the training enterprise, they are often frustrated by the lack of simple and effective methods for assessment. While administrators in an organization are likely to know exactly how much training costs, they…

Brauchle, Paul E.; Schmidt, Klaus

2004-01-01

347

Program Development and Outcomes Assessment of Social Emotional Curriculum Utilized with High School Special Education Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study will assess the effectiveness of a social emotional learning curriculum implemented in a Midwestern high school with special education students. The specific social emotional curriculum utilized at this particular school was organized and delivered by the school psychologists at the high school, based on the Strong Teens…

Wedam, Allison

2012-01-01

348

Outcomes of a Scientific Nonformal Educational Initiative for Youth in Rio de Janeiro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to understand how former students view their professional and academic paths after taking part in a specific scientific nonformal educational initiative during high school. This program is called Vocational Scientific Program (Provoc) and is carried out in the Oswald Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.…

de Sousa, Isabela Cabral Felix

2013-01-01

349

The Efficacy of Private Sector Providers in Improving Public Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts required under No Child Left Behind to provide supplemental educational services (SES) to students in schools that are not making adequate yearly progress rely heavily on the private sector to offer choice in service provision. If the market does not work to drive out ineffective providers, students will be less likely to gain…

Heinrich, Carolyn; Nisar, Hiren

2012-01-01

350

Perceptions of LIS Development in Vietnam: Educational Outcomes and the Way Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors have been involved in the design and delivery of several LIS training and education programs in Vietnam in recent years. This activity has led them to become aware of library developments and initiatives taking place within Vietnam, and of issues that will affect future development of the library and information industry. Some of these…

Murray, Janet; Welch, Bernadette

2009-01-01

351

Criteria for Accreditation in Vietnam's Higher Education: Focus on Input or Outcome?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to analyse the development of accreditation standards and processes in Vietnam and to offer recommendations for the further progress of Vietnam's accreditation model. The authors first provide contextual details of the higher education system and then present the conceptual framework of quality assurance in relation…

Nguyen, Kim D.; Oliver, Diane E.; Priddy, Lynn E.

2009-01-01

352

Audience Involvement with Entertainment-Education Programs: Explicating Processes and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area of health promotion research rich with potential for both theoretical and empirical investigation is the "entertainment-education" (EE) strategy. Though a growing body of evidence points to the effectiveness of the EE strategy, further investigation is needed to explore the underlying cognitive and affective processes that make EE an…

Quintero Johnson, Jessie Marguerite

2011-01-01

353

African Americans and Mathematics Outcomes on National Assessment of Educational Progress: Parental and Individual Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated within group differences between African American female and male students who participated in the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment. Using results from participating states, we compare average scale scores of African American students based on home regulatory environment and interest…

Noble, Richard, III; Morton, Crystal Hill

2013-01-01

354

Improving Educational Outcomes of Hispanic Students in a Professional Degree Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to reduce the educational achievement gap of Hispanic students in a professional degree program, two courses grounded in the Keller method were implemented at a pharmacy school. The Keller method is characterized by breaking course content into modules, then allowing students to test and repeatedly remediate and retest until…

Fike, David S.; McCall, Kenneth L.; Raehl, Cynthia L.; Smith, Quentin R.; Lockman, Paul R.

2010-01-01

355

Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Program Annual Report, Outcomes through Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship (TELS) program was designed to meet the unique needs of the state of Tennessee by incorporating the hallmark elements of existing merit-based aid programs in other states. Developed through a process involving elected officials and members of the academic community, the TELS program aims to address the…

Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2008

2008-01-01

356

The Relationship between Learning Styles and Learning Outcomes for Adults in an Informal Educational Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more adults seeking unique and meaningful learning experiences in both recreational and professional arenas, informal learning institutions, such as museums, zoos, and botanical gardens are a natural source. Informal learning opportunities are the business of these institutions; moreover, a goal in education mission statements of many of…

Roberts, Larry N.

2013-01-01

357

Structure, Content, Delivery, Service, and Outcomes: Quality e-Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the need for quality e-Learning experiences. We used the Demand-Driven Learning Model (MacDonald, Stodel, Farres, Breithaupt, and Gabriel, 2001) to evaluate an online Masters in Education course. Multiple data collection methods were used to understand the experiences of stakeholders in this case study: the learners, design…

MacDonald, Colla J.; Thompson, Terrie Lynn

2005-01-01

358

The Beneficial Outcome of a Successful Mentoring Relationship: The Development of Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years there has been very high international interest around induction programmes aiming for the smooth integration of newcomer teachers in the working environment of the school unit. In addition, educational systems in many countries lay great importance on the provision of equal opportunities to all students and the provision of a more…

Angelides, Panayiotis; Mylordou, Anthi

2011-01-01

359

What Difference Does It Make? Assessing Outcomes from Participation in a Residential Environmental Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the influences of 3- and 5-day residential environmental education programs at the Great Smoky Mountains Institute at Tremont (TN) on participants' connections with nature, environmental stewardship, interest in learning and discovery, and awareness of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and biodiversity. The authors found…

Stern, Marc J.; Powell, Robert B.; Ardoin, Nicole M.

2008-01-01

360

Participation in Non-Formal Education Projects: Some Possible Negative Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation has been accepted as an always desirable methodology in seeking development with rather than for the people. This paper explores some of the limitations of participation as it relates to planning and implementing nonformal education projects. The author focuses on six broad issues that relate to project participation. (SSH)

Pigozzi, Mary Joy

1982-01-01

361

Experiential Education in the Classroom and Academic Outcomes: For Those Who Want it All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a pretest-posttest study using measures of higher order thinking skills (HOTS), and lower order thinking skills (LOTS) in six 12th-grade American Government classrooms taught by three experienced teachers over one semester. One of the three teachers implemented a curriculum in two classes based on experiential education (EE)…

Ives, Bob; Obenchain, Kathryn

2006-01-01

362

Redesigning Special Education Teacher Preparation Programs with a Focus on Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one component of a program improvement grant provided by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEPs), the authors' teacher preparation program (TPP) underwent substantial program redesign. In this article, the authors provide a detailed overview of the process they undertook to revamp their program based on the fundamental question,…

Sayeski, Kristin L.; Higgins, Kyle

2014-01-01

363

Diabetes education and care management significantly improve patient outcomes in the dialysis unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The incidence of diabetes mellitus, particularly type 2, is increasing in the general population. Similarly, the incidence of patients with diabetes mellitus who develop end-stage renal disease has increased concomitantly in the dialysis facility to 44% of patients starting dialysis therapy with diabetes mellitus as their primary diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine whether intensive education

Stephen D. McMurray; Greg Johnson; Stephen Davis; Kathryn McDougall

2002-01-01

364

Disease-specific health education for COPD: a systematic review of changes in health outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic review was conducted to deter- mine the benefits of disease-specific health edu- cation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A search was con- ducted through Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Physiotherapy Evi- dence Database and reference lists to obtain publications reporting on educational interven- tions compared with usual medical care. Two reviewers independently assessed each

Felicity Blackstock; K. E. Webster

2006-01-01

365

A Comprehensive Educational Program Improves Clinical Outcome Measures in Inner-City Patients With Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite improved understanding of the pathophysiology of asthma, morbidity and mortality con- tinue to rise, with disproportionate increases occurring among urban, indigent minorities. New approaches in the management of asthma are therefore necessary to re- verse these dramatic and costly trends. Objective: To determine if patients who are admitted to the hospital with acute asthma and receive inpatient education

Maureen R. George; Liza C. O'Dowd; Iris Martin; Kathleen O. Lindell; Fay Whitney; Martha Jones; Tracey Ramondo; Lynne Walsh; Jacqueline Grissinger; John Hansen-Flaschen

1999-01-01

366

The Influence of Higher Education on Law Enforcement Entry Level Examination Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entry into a career in law enforcement is most often dependent upon the aspiring candidate's relative success on a competitive, written, multiple-choice examination. In the state of New Jersey, as in many states, civil service laws preclude consideration of formal educational attainment when establishing the ordinal, eligibles lists for law…

Paprota, David A.

2012-01-01

367

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best-Evidence Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades 1-6 were included…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2013-01-01

368

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

369

Sharp Contrasts at the Boundaries: School Violence and Educational Outcomes Internationally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the impact of school violence on immigrant populations internationally. To do so we apply three-level models to 2007 TIMSS data to investigate the extent to which immigrant students are affected by school violence, and whether school- and educational-system levels of immigration and violence are related to achievement. We find that,…

Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David; Engel, Laura

2013-01-01

370

Educational Outcomes for Children At-Risk: The Influence of Individual Differences in Children's Temperaments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual differences in temperament can be protective or risk factors that may enhance or interfere with children's healthy development and educational success. This study examined the concurrent and predictive relationships between temperament, school adjustment, and academic achievement in children at-risk. Seventy-seven children at-risk, ages…

Al-Hendawi, Maha; Reed, Evelyn

2012-01-01

371

Preparing Information Systems Graduates for a Complex Society: Aligning IS Curricula with Liberal Education Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to encourage Information Systems (IS) faculty to intentionally revise their curriculum to address (and assess) higher-order learning skills which are demanded by industry and society and are representative of a liberal arts based education. We substantiated the need for this proposed curriculum revision by first…

Pratt, Jean A.; Keys, Anthony; Wirkus, Tyrrell

2014-01-01

372

The Effectiveness of Distance Education in Allied Health Science Programs: A Meta-Analysis of Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive meta-analysis of the research following Glass, McGraw, and Smith's (1981) technique integrated findings from twenty-five comparative studies from 1990 to 2003 targeting student achievement and distance education in allied health professions. Student achievement was assessed through course grades and resulted in an overall effect…

Williams, Stacy L.

2006-01-01

373

Improving Educational Outcomes for Poor Children. Discussion Paper No. 1352-08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the best ways to avoid being poor as an adult is to obtain a good education. Individuals with higher academic achievement and more years of schooling earn more than those with lower levels of human capital. This is not surprising given that we believe that schooling makes people more productive, allowing them to command higher wages in the…

Jacob, Brian A.; Ludwig, Jens

2008-01-01

374

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

375

An outcome of evidence-based practice education: sustained clinical decision-making among bedside nurses.  

PubMed

This research described factors related to incorporating evidence-based practice for clinical decision-making by staff nurses who completed an evidence-based practice (EBP) scholars program. A phenomenological approach was used with focus groups to collect data. A semi-structured questionnaire and field notes comprised study instruments. Audio tapes were transcribed and semantic content analysis was used to code data. Programs to teach bedside nurses how to incorporate EBP into care delivery not only result in better outcomes for patients but also greatly contribute to the sustained enculturation of EBP as a foundation for nursing practice. PMID:22999987

Balakas, Karen; Sparks, Laurie; Steurer, Lisa; Bryant, Terry

2013-01-01

376

School Context and Educational Outcomes: Results from a Quasi-Experimental Study.  

PubMed

In this study we draw on data from a quasi-experimental study to test whether moving into a subsidized housing development in an affluent suburb yields educational benefits to the children of residents, compared to the educations they would have received had they not moved into the development. Results suggest that resident children experienced a significant improvement in school quality compared with a comparison group of students whose parents also had applied for residence. Parents who were residents of the development also displayed higher levels of school involvement compared with the comparison group of non-resident parents, and their children were exposed to significantly lower levels of school disorder and violence within school and spent more time reading outside of school. Living in the development did not influence GPA directly, but did indirectly increase GPA by increasing the time residents spent reading outside of school. PMID:25342878

Casciano, Rebecca; Massey, Douglas S

2012-03-01

377

Graduate global public health education: activities and outcomes in relation to student prior experience.  

PubMed

The Dalla Lana School of Public Health uses an "add-on" or concentration model of global health education. Records of masters' graduate cohorts across five disciplinary fields from 2006 to 2009 were classified as to prior experience at application and completion of global health concentration requirements. Alumni from the first two cohorts (2006-08 and 2007-09) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Prior experience was not linked consistently with the number of elective courses, location of practica or completion of requirements. Successful completion of the global health requirements depended more on the student's base disciplinary program. Interviewed alumni with medium prior experience reported greater satisfaction with the concentration. Alumni with lower prior experience wanted more courses and support with practica. The pros and cons of a concentration model of global public health graduate education are discussed. PMID:23618475

Jackson, Suzanne F; Cole, Donald C

2013-05-01

378

Infant health, race/ethnicity, and early educational outcomes using the ECLS-B.  

PubMed

Using data from the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort," this article emphasizes the central role of poor infant health as a mechanism in the formation of early educational disparities. Results indicate that the varying prevalence of poor infant health across racial/ethnic groups explains a significant portion of the black disadvantage and a moderate portion of the Asian advantage relative to whites in math and reading skills at age four. Results also demonstrate that infant health is an equal opportunity offender across social groups as children with poor health are equally disadvantaged in terms of early cognitive development, regardless of racial/ethnic status. Overall, results indicate that health at birth has important consequences for individual educational achievement and racial/ethnic disparities in cognitive development and school readiness. PMID:22171366

Lynch, Jamie L

2011-01-01

379

School Context and Educational Outcomes: Results from a Quasi-Experimental Study  

PubMed Central

In this study we draw on data from a quasi-experimental study to test whether moving into a subsidized housing development in an affluent suburb yields educational benefits to the children of residents, compared to the educations they would have received had they not moved into the development. Results suggest that resident children experienced a significant improvement in school quality compared with a comparison group of students whose parents also had applied for residence. Parents who were residents of the development also displayed higher levels of school involvement compared with the comparison group of non-resident parents, and their children were exposed to significantly lower levels of school disorder and violence within school and spent more time reading outside of school. Living in the development did not influence GPA directly, but did indirectly increase GPA by increasing the time residents spent reading outside of school. PMID:25342878

Casciano, Rebecca; Massey, Douglas S.

2013-01-01

380

Financing Public Education: Tax Equity and Equality of Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of Colorado tax allocation examined the feasibility of replacing the present system for financing education with a state income tax system. Further study is recommended, but indications are that an equitable distribution of financial assistance would result in better educational opportunities for economically disadvantaged counties.…

Vaughn, Milton David

1972-01-01

381

Educational skills: Long-term outcome and predictors following paediatric traumatic brain injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that reading, spelling and arithmetic skills are acquired through childhood, their development may be compromised following a childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study examined educational skills (reading accuracy, spelling and arithmetic) at a mean follow-up interval of 6.8 years post-injury in children who had sustained a mild, moderate, or severe TBI at two ages: ‘Young’ (age at

Cathy Catroppa; Vicki A. Anderson; Frank Muscara; Sue A. Morse; Flora Haritou; Jeffrey V. Rosenfeld; Liesl M. Heinrich

2009-01-01

382

Women and Higher Education in Postrevolutionary Iran: Unsettling Policies and Unanticipated Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter analyses the position of women in Iran1 over the last 3 decades, particularly with reference to tertiary education. The objective is to explore (a) the commonly\\u000a held view that the Islamic revolution and the Khomeini regime produced a serious and adverse setback in the status and condition\\u000a of women in Iran and (b) the regime’s relationship to women’s

Goli M. Rezai-Rashti; Susan James

383

Autonomy–Mastery, Supportive or Performance Focused? Different teacher behaviours and pupils' outcomes in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the role of motivational climates, teacher autonomy support, perceived competence and autonomy on pupils' self?regulated motivation in physical education (PE) classes of Norwegian 10th?graders. Path analyses revealed that a mastery climate and teacher autonomy support both (a) positively influenced intrinsically regulated motivation as measured by the relative autonomy index (RAI) and by the intrinsic motivation subdimension, and (b)

Yngvar Ommundsen; Silje Eikanger Kvalø

2007-01-01

384

EarthScope National Office Education and Outreach Program: 2013 Update on Activities and Outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EarthScope Program (www.earthscope.org) funded by the National Science Foundation, fosters interdisciplinary exploration of the geologic structure and evolution of the North American continent by means of seismology, geodesy, magnetotellurics, in-situ fault-zone sampling, geochronology, and high-resolution topographic measurements. Data and findings from EarthScope continue to transform geoscientific studies throughout the Earth, enhance understanding and mitigation of hazards, and inform applications of geoscience toward environmental sustainability. The EarthScope Program also marshals significant resources and opportunities for education and outreach (E&O) in the Earth system sciences. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) at Arizona State University serves all EarthScope stakeholders, including the EarthScope Steering Committee, researchers, educators, students, and the general public. ESNO supports and promotes E&O through social media and web-hosted resources, newsletters and published articles, E&O workshops for informal educators (interpreters), assistance to grassroots K-12 STEM teacher professional development projects (typically led by EarthScope researchers), continuing education for researchers, collaborations with other Earth-science E&O providers, and biannual national conferences. The EarthScope E&O program at ESNO leads and supports wide dissemination of the data, findings, and legacy of EarthScope. Notable activities in 2013 include expansion of social-media and web-based content, two Interpretive Workshops in the eastern United States, the Great ShakeOut, the EarthScope National Meeting in Raleigh, and continuing partnerships with affiliated E&O providers. The EarthScope National Office is supported by the National Science Foundation under grants EAR-1101100 and EAR-1216301. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Semken, S. C.; Robinson, S.; Bohon, W.; Schwab, P.; Arrowsmith, R.; Garnero, E. J.; Fouch, M. J.; Pettis, L.; Baumback, D.; Dick, C.

2013-12-01

385

Pilot intervention outcomes of an educational program for biospecimen research participation.  

PubMed

Biospecimen banking programs are critically dependent on participation of diverse population members. The purpose of this study was to test a pilot intervention to enhance recruitment to a biospecimen bank among racially diverse community members. A mixed methods, community-based participatory research (CBPR) orientation was used to develop and pilot an intervention to educate and recruit participants to a biospecimen bank. Pre- and post-assessments of knowledge about research, perceived costs and benefits of participation (expected utility), and emotional states associated with research participation (affective associations) as well as post-intervention participation in biobanking were examined to determine intervention effectiveness. The pilot intervention educated 148 community members; 107 (73 %) donated blood and 77 (52 %) completed a 36-page lifestyle questionnaire. Thirty-two percent of participants were African American and 11 % were Native American. Participating in the educational program significantly reduced negative affect associated with research involving collection of genetic material or completion of a survey. Improved knowledge and understanding of biobanking and research through a CBPR approach are likely to increase participation rates in biobanking for diverse community members. Accurate information and improved knowledge can reduce individual anxiety and concerns that serve as barriers to research participation. PMID:23150142

Kiviniemi, Marc T; Saad-Harfouche, Frances G; Ciupak, Gregory L; Davis, Warren; Moysich, Kirsten; Hargrave, Nikia Clark; Ambrosone, Christine B; Walker, Charles; Erwin, Deborah O

2013-03-01

386

Technology in Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes four articles on the effective use of computers and electronic technology in education, and on equitable access to educational technologies for Hispanics and other minority groups. "Teachers and Instructional Technology: Wise or Foolish Choices" (Laura Chris Green) describes three unproductive roles for computer…

IDRA Newsletter, 1995

1995-01-01

387

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION SUMMARY: UNLV CAREER OUTCOMES 2008 -2009 Summary of the Career Outcomes Survey conducted by Career Services within two months after graduation  

E-print Network

Survey conducted by Career Services within two months after graduation Employment Status While in School College of Education = 135 Undergraduates: 46/135 = 34% Graduates: 89/135 = 66% All Education 0% 10% 20 OF EDUCATION RESPONDENTS TO OUR SURVEY, 79% of graduates reported they were currently employed or had accepted

Hemmers, Oliver

388

An Analysis of Associations between Residential and School Mobility and Educational Outcomes in South African Urban Children: The Birth to Twenty Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from Birth to Twenty, a cohort of South African urban children, the current paper investigates the relationships between residential and school mobility and a set of educational outcomes. The findings provide some evidence of a positive association between changes in residence and numeracy and literacy scores, and school mobility was…

Ginsburg, Carren; Richter, Linda M.; Fleisch, Brahm; Norris, Shane A.

2011-01-01

389

Evaluation of the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test for Use in States' Child Outcomes Measurement Systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test (BDI-2 ST) for use in states' child outcomes accountability systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Complete Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI-2), assessment data were obtained for 142 children, ages 2 to 62 months, who…

Elbaum, Batya; Gattamorta, Karina A.; Penfield, Randall D.

2010-01-01

390

String Music Educators' Perceptions of the Impact of New String Programs on Student Outcomes, School Music Programs, and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of newly initiated string programs on teachers, schools, districts, communities, and existing music program administration and students. Research questions pertained to (a) locations, student access, and instructional offerings; (b) educators; and (c) perceived impact on student outcomes. Data…

Gillespie, Robert; Russell, Joshua A.; Hamann, Donald L.

2014-01-01

391

The effect of the Yamaha Music In Education keyboard instructional approach on the musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Yamaha Music In Education (MIE) keyboard instructional approach on selected musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students. One hundred and thirty-four middle school students from Miami, Florida were involved in the study. Experimental group participants (n = 68) received the MIE keyboard instructional approach, and were compared

Patricia Ooi Englehardt

2005-01-01

392

The Effect of the Yamaha Music In Education Keyboard Instructional Approach on the Musical and Nonmusical Outcomes of Middle School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Yamaha Music In Education (MIE) keyboard instructional approach on selected musical and nonmusical outcomes of middle school students. One hundred and thirty-four middle school students from Miami, Florida were involved in the study. Experimental group participants (n = 68) received the MIE keyboard instructional approach, and were compared

Patricia Ooi Englehardt

2006-01-01

393

Long-Term Outcomes of Early Childhood Science Education: Insights from a Cross-National Comparative Case Study on Conceptual Understanding of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore the long-term outcomes of either participating or not participating in early childhood science education on grade 6 students' conceptual understanding of science. The research is situated in a conceptual framework that evokes Piagetian developmental levels as both potential curriculum constraints and…

Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary; Venville, Grady

2012-01-01

394

Identification of core goals and related outcome measurements for the development of community service-learning programs in selected institutions of higher education  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to identify important educational goals and valid and feasible outcome measures that could be used in the design and development of campus based service-learning programs. The study was designed to utilize the consensus...

Price, Jon Kevin

2009-05-15

395

The effects of the interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy on the educational outcomes for a science exhibit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines factors which may affect the educational effectiveness of science exhibits. Exhibit effectiveness is the result of a complex interaction among exhibit features, cognitive characteristics of the museum visitor, and educational outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative proportions of field-dependent and field-independent visitors in the museum audience, and to ascertain if the cognitive style of visitors interacted with instructional strategies to affect the educational outcomes for a computer-based science exhibit. Cognitive style refers to the self-consistent modes of selecting and processing information that an individual employs throughout his or her perceptual and intellectual activities. It has a broad influence on many aspects of personality and behavior, including perception, memory, problem solving, interest, and even social behaviors and self-concept. As such, it constitutes essential dimensions of individual differences among museum visitors and has important implications for instructional design in the museum. The study was conducted in the spring of 1998 at the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in Chicago. Two experimental treatments of a computer-based exhibit were tested in the study. The first experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-dependent visitors that limited the text and provided more structure and cueing than the baseline treatment of the computer program. The other experimental treatment utilized strategies designed for field-independent visitors that provided hypothesis-testing and more contextual information. Approximately two-thirds of the visitors were field-independent. The results of a multiple regression analysis indicated that there was a significant interaction between cognitive style and instructional strategy that affected visitors' posttest scores on a multiple-choice test of the content. Field-independent visitors out- performed the field-dependent visitors in the control, baseline, and both experimental treatments. Both field-dependent and field-independent visitor posttest scores increased in the field-dependent experimental treatment and in the field-independent treatment. The most effective treatment for all visitors was the field-independent treatment. Criteria for designing a computer-based exhibit to meet the needs of all visitors were recommended. These included organized, concise text; a structured, rather than exploratory design; and cueing in the form of questions, bold fonts, underlining of important words and concepts, and captioned images.

Knappenberger, Naomi

396

Gender Equitable Curricula in High School Science and Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) supplement to the VaNTH Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Educational Technologies ( www.vanth.org ), an interdisciplinary group of secondary teachers and college faculty have come together to develop and field test new materials for secondary school science classrooms. The instructional units have as their starting point a \\

Stacy S. Klein; Robert D. Sherwood

2005-01-01

397

Confronting the Categories: Equitable Admissions without Apartheid Race Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Africa's government requires information on apartheid race classification to implement and monitor racial redress. This has sparked resistance to race classification as a criterion for redress in higher education admissions. I argue that (1) jettisoning apartheid race categories now in favour of either class or "merit" would set back the few…

Erasmus, Z.

2010-01-01

398

Modifying Flag Football for Gender Equitable Engagement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Flag or touch football is a popular activity unit in American secondary physical education curricula. However, unlike other sports its stigmatization as a masculine-typed activity and frequent inequitable distribution of game play opportunities at the skill positions (e.g., receiver, quarterback) results in the marginalization of female…

Kahan, David

2008-01-01

399

34 CFR 300.137 - Equitable services determined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...determined. (a) No individual right to special education and related...parentally-placed private school child with a disability has an individual right to receive some or all of the...and related services that the child would receive if enrolled...

2010-07-01

400

Education Reforms in Cambodia: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper identifies…

Tan, Charlene

2007-01-01

401

Keeping Kids Moving: How Equitable Transportation Policy Can Prevent Childhood Obesity Toolkit--Resource List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This list of resources offers promising strategies that communities and policymakers can use to make sustainable advances in achieving equitable transportation systems. Resources are organized into seven categories: transportation equity, Safe Routes to School, school siting, complete streets, non-motorized transportation, community design, and…

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

402

Keeping Kids Moving: How Equitable Transportation Policy Can Prevent Childhood Obesity--What It Is  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nation faces an obesity crisis, especially among low-income children and children of color. Today, nearly one-third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, and physical inactivity is a leading cause of this epidemic. Equitable transportation policy that fosters healthy, opportunity-rich communities has a critical role to play in…

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

403

Science Curriculum and Student Diversity: A Framework for Equitable Learning Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address issues of science curriculum for nonmainstream students--students of color, students learning English as a new language, and students from low-income families--who are often concentrated in urban schools. First, we describe a theoretical framework for equitable learning opportunities with nonmainstream students. Building on this…

Lee, Okhee; Buxton, Cory

2008-01-01

404

Noticing Children's Participation: Insights into Teacher Positionality toward Equitable Mathematics Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how teachers in a professional development course responded to what they noticed about children's participation in elementary mathematics classrooms and how what they noticed was connected to the teachers' positionality toward equitable mathematics pedagogy. Findings suggest that a lens of participation supported…

Wager, Anita A.

2014-01-01

405

LIBRARY LOANS SANCTIONS To ensure equitable access to Library materials for  

E-print Network

LIBRARY LOANS SANCTIONS To ensure equitable access to Library materials for all library users, borrowing privileges are suspended when total Library fines and/or replacement charges reach $50. 3-hour item Library items more than 35 days overdue or declared lost Purchase price of items plus processing

Canberra, University of

406

Low Cost Private Schooling in India: Is It Pro Poor and Equitable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

India has seen an explosion in low-fee private (LFP) schooling aimed at the poorer strata of society, and this once-urban phenomenon has spread in the last decade to rural areas, with implications for equity due to the level of direct costs involved. This study explores whether or not LFP schooling in rural India is pro-poor and equitable, and…

Harma, Joanna

2011-01-01

407

Older Men's and Women's Relationships with Adult Kin: How Equitable Are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sought global assessments of marital equitability from 62 older adults, and compared men's and women's global equity feelings concerning their relationships with spouses, aged parents, and adult children. Forty younger adults rated equity of their marriages and relationships with parents and grandparents. Majority of both generations' involvements…

Peterson, Candida C.; Peterson, James L.

1988-01-01

408

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Relationship Education in the U.S. Army: 2-Year Outcomes.  

PubMed

This study examined the effectiveness of an evidence-based, community-delivered adaptation of couple relationship education (CRE; specifically, PREP, The Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program) delivered at two Army installations. The study is a randomized controlled trial with two years of follow-up, examining marital quality and stability. Sample composition was 662 married couples with a spouse in the U.S. Army. Analyses yielded no evidence of overall enduring intervention effects on relationship quality but couples assigned to intervention at the higher risk site were significantly less likely than controls to be divorced at the two-year follow-up (8.1% vs. 14.9%, p < .01). This effect was moderated by ethnic minority status. Specifically, the impact of the intervention on divorce was strongest for minority couples. The findings add to the literature on who may benefit most from CRE. PMID:25419027

Stanley, Scott M; Rhoades, Galena K; Loew, Benjamin A; Allen, Elizabeth S; Carter, Sarah; Osborne, Laura J; Prentice, Donnella; Markman, Howard J

2014-10-01

409

Education for All: National Plan of Action, 2003-2015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) Education for All National Plan of Action (EFA NPA) for 2003-2015 seeks to accomplish three major tasks: equitable access, improved quality and relevance and strengthened education management. Purpose: To design a National Education For All Action Plan for basic education in Lao PDR which…

Online Submission, 2005

2005-01-01

410

Strategies for Supporting Inclusive Education for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004 supports equitable access to educational opportunities for all children who have disabilities. IDEA requires that students who receive services for special needs receive a free appropriate public education, and have access to the general education curriculum, which includes…

Mumford, Vincent E.; Chandler, Judy Potter

2009-01-01

411

Economically and Educationally Challenged Students in Higher Education: Access to Outcomes. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 33, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines conceptual frameworks and models that flow from scholars' definitions and operationalizations of social class: status attainment theory, human capital theory, the financial nexus model, Bourdieuian theory, and critical race theory. Since students often have multiple social locations that affect their educational process, the…

Walpole, MaryBeth, Ed.

2007-01-01

412

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION SUMMARY: UNLV CAREER OUTCOMES 2006 -2007 A summary of the Career Outcomes Survey conducted by Career Services staff three months after graduation  

E-print Network

% employment rate for College of Education 2006 ­ 2007 graduates. In addition, 82% of the respondents who Survey conducted by Career Services staff three months after graduation Employment Status of Respondents EXPERIENCE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE! For College of Education graduates, 90% of respondents indicated

Hemmers, Oliver

413

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION SUMMARY: UNLV CAREER OUTCOMES 2007 -2008 Summary of the Career Outcomes Survey conducted by Career Services staff after graduation  

E-print Network

Survey conducted by Career Services staff after graduation Employment Status While in School Top 5 Majors EXPERIENCE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE! For College of Education graduates, 94% of respondents indicated%). Of the Education graduates who reported working while in school, 83% said their pre- graduation employment

Hemmers, Oliver

414

From Bachelor's Degree to Work: Major Field of Study and Employment Outcomes of 1992-93 Bachelor's Degree Recipients Who Did Not Enroll in Graduate Education by 1997. Statistical Analysis Report. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis described in this report investigated the relationship between undergraduate major and early employment outcomes among 1992-1993 college graduates who did not pursue graduate education within 4 years after earning their bachelors' degrees (i.e., as of 1997). These college graduates represented 70% of all graduates, and most entered…

Horn, Laura J.; Zahn, Lisa

415

Effects of the family bereavement program on academic outcomes, educational expectations and job aspirations 6 years later: the mediating role of parenting and youth mental health problems.  

PubMed

Experiencing the death of a parent during childhood is associated with a variety of difficulties, including lower academic achievement, that have implications for functioning in childhood and adulthood. This study examines effects of the Family Bereavement Program (FBP), a preventive intervention for parentally-bereaved youth and their caregivers, on grade point averages (GPA), educational expectations and job aspirations of youths 6 years after the intervention. A total of 244 bereaved youths ages 8-16 and their caregivers were randomized to either the FBP or a comparison group that received books about bereavement. Assessments occurred at pretest, post-test, and 11-month and 6-year follow-ups. Direct program effects on educational outcomes and job aspirations 6 years later were non-significant, although the program improved educational expectations for children with fewer behavior problems at program entry, and GPA for younger children. Mediational pathways for program effects on educational outcomes were also tested. Program-induced improvements in effective parenting at 11-month follow-up were associated with higher GPAs at 6-year follow-up for youth who were younger or for whom more time had passed since the loss. Program-induced improvements in parenting and teacher-rated youth mental health problems at the 6-year follow-up mediated program effects on youths' educational expectations for those with fewer behavior problems at program entry. The implications of these findings for understanding processes related to academic and educational outcomes following the death of a parent and for prevention efforts to help bereaved and other high-risk children succeed in school are discussed. PMID:25052624

Schoenfelder, Erin N; Tein, Jenn-Yun; Wolchik, Sharlene; Sandler, Irwin N

2015-02-01

416

Multimedia in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education Student Use of Computer-assisted Learning (CAL) and Effects on Learning Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a qualitative evaluation of student use of a computer-assisted learning (CAL) program and associated learning outcomes. Learning outcomes were classified by analysis of examination scripts using the Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy, and individuals were interviewed to uncover aspects of their learning processes while using the CAL program. All students were aware of the

Craig Zimitat; Iain McAlpine

417

Critical Change for the Greater Good: Multicultural Perceptions in Educational Leadership toward Social Justice and Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Educational leadership for social justice and equity is the primary leadership response to inclusive and equitable education. This inquiry builds on multicultural education and educational leadership to explore an alternative approach to mainstream leadership practice. Purpose: To examine ways in which educational leaders of color in…

Santamaría, Lorri J.

2014-01-01

418

Intended Consequences: Challenging White Teachers' Habitus and Its Influence in Urban Schools Implementing an Arts-Based Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform efforts like the urban, arts-based initiative Project ARTS are designed to provide intentional, equitable methods of improving students' learning, yet few urban educators have been sufficiently trained to recognize differences in habitus between themselves and their students. For equitable reform to occur teachers must understand their…

Woollen, Susan; Otto, Stacy

2014-01-01

419

Participant outcomes, perceptions, and experiences in the Internationally Educated Engineers Qualification Program, University of Manitoba: An exploratory study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Immigration, economic, and regulatory trends in Canada have challenged all professions to examine the processes by which immigrant professionals (international graduates) achieve professional licensure and meaningful employment in Canada. The Internationally Educated Engineers Qualification Program (IEEQ) at the University of Manitoba was developed as an alternate pathway to integrate international engineering graduates into the engineering profession in Manitoba. However, universities have the neither mandate nor the historical practice to facilitate licensure for immigrant professionals and, thus, the knowledge base for program development and delivery is predominantly experiential. This study was developed to address the void in the knowledge base and support the program's ongoing development by conducting a critical, exploratory, participant-oriented evaluation of the IEEQ Program for both formative and summative purposes. The research questions focussed on how the IEEQ participants perceived and described their experiences in the IEEQ Program, and how the participants' outcomes in the IEEQ Program compared to international engineering graduates pursuing other licensing pathways. The study was built on an interpretivist theoretical approach that supported a primarily qualitative methodology with selected quantitative elements. Data collection was grounded in focus group interviews, written questionnaires, student reports, and program records for data collection, with inductive data analysis for qualitative data and descriptive statistics for quantitative data. The findings yielded rich understandings of participants' experiences in the IEEQ Program, their outcomes relative to international engineering graduates (IEGs) pursuing other licensing pathways, and their perceptions of their own adaptation to the Canadian engineering profession. Specifically, the study suggests that foreign credentials recognition processes have tended to focus on the recognition and translation of human and/or institutional capital. Yet, access to and acquisition of social and cultural capital need to receive equal attention. Further, the study suggested that, while it is reasonable that language fluency is a pre-requisite for successful professional integration, there is also a fundamental link between language and cognition in that international engineering graduates are challenged to understand and assimilate information for which they may not possess useful language or the underlying mental constructs. The findings have implications for our collective understanding of the scope of the professional engineering body of knowledge.

Friesen, Marcia R.

420

Equitable Key Escrow with Limited Time Span (or, How to Enforce Time Expiration Cryptographically)  

Microsoft Academic Search

With equitable key escrow mechanisms the controlof society over the individual and the control of the individualover society are shared fairly. In particular, the controlis limited to specified time periods. We consider two applications:limited time-span escrow and limited time-spanauctions with closed bids. In the first the individual cannotbe targeted outside the period authorized by the court.In the second the individual

Mike Burmester; Yvo Desmedt; Jennifer Seberry

1998-01-01

421

20 CFR 641.365 - How must the equitable distribution provisions be reconciled with the provision that disruptions...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...disruptions to current participants should be avoided? 641.365 Section 641.365 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION...SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM The State Plan § 641.365 How must the equitable distribution provisions...

2014-04-01

422

20 CFR 641.365 - How must the equitable distribution provisions be reconciled with the provision that disruptions...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...disruptions to current participants should be avoided? 641.365 Section 641.365 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION...SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM The State Plan § 641.365 How must the equitable distribution provisions...

2012-04-01

423

20 CFR 641.365 - How must the equitable distribution provisions be reconciled with the provision that disruptions...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...disruptions to current participants should be avoided? 641.365 Section 641.365 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION...SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM The State Plan § 641.365 How must the equitable distribution provisions...

2013-04-01

424

Will Mobile Diabetes Education Teams (MDETs) in primary care improve patient care processes and health outcomes? Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence to suggest that delivery of diabetes self-management support by diabetes educators in primary care may improve patient care processes and patient clinical outcomes; however, the evaluation of such a model in primary care is nonexistent in Canada. This article describes the design for the evaluation of the implementation of Mobile Diabetes Education Teams (MDETs) in primary care settings in Canada. Methods/design This study will use a non-blinded, cluster-randomized controlled trial stepped wedge design to evaluate the Mobile Diabetes Education Teams' intervention in improving patient clinical and care process outcomes. A total of 1,200 patient charts at participating primary care sites will be reviewed for data extraction. Eligible patients will be those aged ?18, who have type 2 diabetes and a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of ?8%. Clusters (that is, primary care sites) will be randomized to the intervention and control group using a block randomization procedure within practice size as the blocking factor. A stepped wedge design will be used to sequentially roll out the intervention so that all clusters eventually receive the intervention. The time at which each cluster begins the intervention is randomized to one of the four roll out periods (0, 6, 12, and 18?months). Clusters that are randomized into the intervention later will act as the control for those receiving the intervention earlier. The primary outcome measure will be the difference in the proportion of patients who achieve the recommended HbA1c target of ?7% between intervention and control groups. Qualitative work (in-depth interviews with primary care physicians, MDET educators and patients; and MDET educators’ field notes and debriefing sessions) will be undertaken to assess the implementation process and effectiveness of the MDET intervention. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01553266 PMID:22974080

2012-01-01

425

Education and Telecommunications: Partners in Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's rural communities are facing increasing challenges to the provision of equitable services and economic stability. Two major rural concerns are the lack of educational opportunities and resources and potentially inadequate telecommunications infrastructures for economic development. In order to attain economic and educational parity with…

Kitchen, Will

426

Ethnicity, Inequality, and Higher Education in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development since 1957 of Malaysian education policies aimed at providing equitable access to higher education. Suggests that these policies have increased representation of the Malay underclass in tertiary institutions and the professions, but have had little effect on intraethnic class inequalities. 46 references. (SV)

Selvaratnam, Viswanathan

1988-01-01

427

First Nations Educational Governance: A Fractured Mirror  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Constitutional Act 1867 established a dual system of education in Canada--provincial authority and federal responsibility for First Nations' education. As a part of its treaty obligations, Canada agreed to provide western schools and services equitable with that provided by provincial systems (Morris 1880/1991). The authors argue that the…

Carr-Stewart, Shiela; Steeves, Larry

2009-01-01

428

Russian Higher Education: Who Can Afford It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores the issue of access and equity in the Russian higher education system by examining recent government initiatives. While recently introduced measures such as the Unified State Examination and student loan project are designed to aid students and expand participation, they alone cannot ensure equitable access to higher education

Gounko, Tatiana

2012-01-01

429

Association for Middle Level Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association for Middle Level Education (AMLE) collection focuses on STEM curricula, middle grade pedagogy and assessment, young adolescent development, leadership; and professional development. The collection has resources for educators, classroom teachers, principals to develop more effective schools. The goal of ALME is for schools to be academically excellent, developmentally responsive, and socially equitable for every young adolescent. AMLE provides professional development, journals, books, research, and other valuable information to assist educators on an ongoing basis.

2009-11-24

430

Analysis of a Proposal for an Education Satellite.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that telecommunications is transforming almost every sector of American society except education, this study analyzed the governance, management, technical, and fiscal issues associated with the creation and maintenance of an education satellite telecommunications system that would make cost-effective, equitable access to quality education

EDSAT Inst., Washington, DC.

431

Educational Adequacy Litigation in the American South: 1973-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the United States Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education" (1954), educational finance litigation focused almost entirely on the equitable distribution of state educational financing, ending preferential disbursement of state funds. This ended in 1973, with the United States Supreme Court's decision in "San Antonio…

Dishman, Mike; Redish, Traci

2010-01-01

432

Constructive Tendencies in Rural Education. Bulletin, 1925, No. 25  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most conspicuous and pertinent tendency in rural education in the biennium is that toward better understanding of and intelligent accomplishment in the direction of more equitable distribution of school opportunities and school expense burdens. Rural education is still the weak spot in the American educational system. The passing of the…

Cook, Katherine M.

1925-01-01

433

Equity and Quality in Private Education: The Haitian Paradox.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Haitian educational system. Assesses whether private education is playing an appropriate role in Haiti in terms of providing and promoting quality education. Reviews strategies that could allow the government to use its limited financial resources in a more cost-effective and equitable manner. (CMK)

Salmi, J.

2000-01-01

434

Student Financial Aid and Educational Outcomes: Is There a Difference between Grants and Loans? ASHE 1987 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of different types of student financial aid on student outcomes were investigated for the year 1983: types of support looked at included scholarships, working while attending school, grants, and loans. Attention was directed to four outcome measures that reflect in-school behaviors and attitudes that affect student performance:…

Urahn, Susan; Nettles, Michael T.

435

The Relationship between Residential Land Use Patterns and the Educational Outcomes of Economically Disadvantaged Students in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disparate outcomes resulting from economic segregation in public primary schools have been the subject of much debate and litigation. Little research, however, examines whether negative outcomes may be exacerbated by inequities in the distribution of housing across metropolitan areas. This article explores connections between residential land use…

Van Zandt, Shannon; Wunneburger, Douglas F.

2011-01-01

436

Different Strategies, Different Outcomes? The History and Trends of the Inclusive and Special Education in Alberta (Canada) and in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares the strategies and delivery of education for students with special educational needs in the province of Alberta, Canada, and in the country of Finland, in the European Union. The rationale for comparing these two jurisdictions is grounded by the idea that both of these areas have high general standards of living, a well-developed public education system, and

Markku Jahnukainen

2011-01-01

437

Beyond No Means No: Outcomes of an Intensive Program To Train Peer Facilitators for Campus Acquaintance Rape Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a larger multimethod evaluation, the present study examined the effects of a uniquely intensive rape education program. Participants included 74 undergraduates (53 women and 21 men) enrolled in Campus Acquaintance Rape Education (CARE), a semester-long university course designed to train peer facilitators to conduct rape education

Lonsway, Kimberly A.; Klaw, Elena L.; Berg, Dianne R.; Waldo, Craig R.; Kothari, Chevon; Mazurek, Christopher J.; Hegeman, Kurt E.

438

Technology Education Using a Novel Approach in e-Learning-Towards Optimizing the Quality of Learning Outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ever since the advent of the new era in presenting taught material in Electronic Form, international bodies, academic institutions, public sectors, as well as specialized entities in the private sector, globally, have all persevered to exploit the power of Distance Learning and e-Learning to disseminate the knowledge in Science and Art using the ubiquitous World Wide Web and its supporting Internet and Internetworking. Many Science & Education-sponsoring bodies, like UNESCO, the European Community, and the World Bank have been keen at funding multinational Distance Learning projects, many of which were directed at an educated audience in certain technical areas. Many countries around the Middle East have found a number of interested European partners to launch funding requests, and were generally successful in their solicitation efforts for the needed funds from these funding bodies. Albeit their intricacies in generating a wealth of knowledge in electronic form, many of the e-Learning schemas developed thus far, have only pursued their goals in the most conventional of ways; In essence, there had been little innovation introduced to gain anything, if any, above traditional classroom lecturing, other than, of course, the gained advantage of the simultaneous online testing and evaluation of the learned material by the examinees. In a sincere effort to change the way in which people look at the merits of e-Learning, and seek the most out of it, we shall propose a novel approach aimed at optimizing the learning outcomes of presented materials. In this paper we propose what shall henceforth be called as Iterative e-Learning. In Iterative e-Learning, as the name implies, a student uses some form of electronic media to access course material in a specific subject. At the end of each phase (Section, Chapter, Session, etc.) on a specific topic, the student is assessed online of how much he/she would have achieved before he/she would move on. If the student fails, due to some delinquency on a particular topic, the online process of e-Learning would take the student at some more detailed and deeper level on the subject matter where he/she had failed; once the student bridges the gap, to this end, then the ongoing e-Learning process would carry him/her further up the next level of the subject matter he/she is pursuing. This process is carried on at all levels of learning: section, chapter, and course level. A student may not progress to the next course level before he/she would pass the entire course at 80% or more. If in the process of repeating some section, chapter, or a whole course, then the student shall be required to score a higher percentage than the mere 80% he was required to attain the first time around; say 5% more per iteration he/she makes. Here, students going through Iterative e-Learning shall be allowed to move on to the next level of learning sooner than others if the time that takes them to learn a particular topic is shorter than would normally require an average student to expend, provided, of course, they make it through all the required assessment phases. Unlike the traditional ways of classroom or online lecturing, a student going through Iterative e-Learning is expected to achieve a quality of learning never before achieved via standard pedagogical methodologies. With Iterative e-Learning, it is expected that poorly accredited academic institutions will be able, for the first time, to produce the quality of graduates who are more capable of competing for highly paying jobs globally, and to be of the quality of contributing in more industry-supported economies.

Malkawi, M. I.; Hawarey, M. M.

2012-04-01

439

Educational Development through the Community College in a Developing Region of South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for a differentiated college system to redress educational disparities in South Africa and to enhance equitable access to postsecondary education within a reasonable budget. Considers adequate primary and secondary education the long-term solution, but sees the development of community colleges from existing educational

Strydom, A. H.; And Others

1995-01-01

440

Does material disadvantage explain the increased risk of adverse health, educational, and behavioural outcomes among children in lone parent households in Britain? A cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To test the hypothesis that material disadvantage explains the increased risk among children and young people of adverse health, educational, and behavioural problems associated with living in lone parent households in Britain Study design: Secondary analysis of a cross sectional survey of a representative sample of British households with children and youth Main outcomes: Parent reported fair/poor health, longstanding illness and disability, statement of special educational needs, suspension and/or expulsion from school, and in trouble with the police. Participants: Data were available on 15 636 (8049 boys and 7587 girls) aged 0–18 years in 8541 households in the third sweep (2001) of the British government's families and children study Results: Lone parenthood was associated with increased risk of health and educational problems, and antisocial behaviour among boys and girls in a logistic regression model adjusting for child's age alone. Adding age of main carer, number of dependent children, and child's rank in the household made little difference to the associations. Addition of housing tenure, household hardship index, and an interaction term for lone parenthood and hardship eliminated the relation with lone parenthood for all outcomes except parent reported health among girls. Similar results were obtained for households headed by lone parents for at least a year. An interaction effect of lone parenthood with hardship for parent reported health and statement of special educational needs was noted. Conclusion: Adverse effects of lone parenthood on health, education, and antisocial behaviour were apparently explained by material disadvantage in this cross sectional sample of British households with children and youth. PMID:15650148

Spencer, N.

2005-01-01

441

Young Persons' Education, Training and Employment Outcomes with Special Reference to Early School Leavers. A Report Prepared for the Business Council of Australia and Dusseldorp Skills Forum by Applied Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian researchers investigated the education training outcomes of young people (age 15-19 years), focusing on early school leavers. Data came from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the National Center for Vocational and Educational Research. About one-third of the 270,000 students who leave school each year leave before 12th grade. The…

2002

442

Outcomes analysis of Internet-based CME initiatives for diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia patients: transition from education to physician behavior to patient health  

PubMed Central

A well designed outcomes research study was performed in which 20 primary care physicians were selected to participate. Each physician had more than 30 fibromyalgia patients in their practice. The study design consisted of four phases. In phase one, physicians undertook a self-assessment of their practice. Phase two of the study involved diagnosis and treatment of a virtual case vignette. The third phase consisted of analysis of the data from phase two and providing feedback from an expert rheumatologist, and the fourth phase was to complete patient report forms for five patients in their practice. The year-long study was completed by 12 physicians and resulted in data on 60 patients. The results of this study provide an insight into how physicians are diagnosing and treating patients with fibromyalgia. In this study, we transition from continuing medical education to physician behavior to patient outcomes. PMID:23118542

Somasekhar, Melinda M; Berney, Steven; Rausch, Chris; Degnan, James

2012-01-01

443

Equitable Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine certain objective admission criteria at open admission institutions, eliminating the problem of truncated variable distribution. Minorities who are admitted to selective colleges and universities with lower than average Scholastic Assessment Test or ACT Assessment test scores (1100 and 27, respectively) in…

Hashway, Robert M.; Brentley, Mary; Carter, Joseph

444

Career & Technical Education and School-to-Work at the End of the 20th Century: Participation and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined participation in the Career and Technical Education concentration (CTE), and School-to-Work activities at the end of the century following more than a decade of education reform in the United States. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we also explored whether school-to-work activities have extended beyond…

Stone, James R., III; Aliaga, Oscar A.

2005-01-01

445

Summary of Field Test and Outcome Milestone Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Consulting (PETC-II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing Educational and Training Consultants (PECT-II) is the second in a series of three cumulative and sequential instructional systems designed to help a cadre of educators acquire process training and consulting skills. The PETC-II graduate should be capable of forming a temporary relationship with a small group or major subsystem of an…

George, Catherine A.; Murray, Stephen L.

446

Promoting Social and Emotional Learning Outcomes in Physical Education: Insights from a School-Based Research Project in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competition is an integral aspect of many physical education lessons, and one of the central characteristics of units and lessons adopting the Sport Education model. Pedagogy has a key, yet under-researched, role to play in supporting students to develop social and emotional skills that will enable them to cope with situations in which they…

Ang, Swee Chong; Penney, Dawn

2013-01-01

447

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in Australian Higher Education: The Challenge of Balancing Academic Rigour, Equity and Quality Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality in Australian higher education comes at a time of significant change in the external policy framework. Such changes are timely due to the growth of higher education and the emergence of the quality and equity agenda in the context of ongoing decline in public funding. The article provides an overview of current quality…

Shah, Mahsood; Lewis, Ione; Fitzgerald, Robert

2011-01-01

448

Educational Outcomes across the Generational and Gender Divide: The Rural Family Habitus of Pakistani Families Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education for all as a global agenda has particular repercussions for those living in rural poverty. By adopting a Bourdieusian framework to analyse interview data collected from fathers, mothers, sons and daughters in 10 rural Punjabi households, we expose the intersections of education, gender, poverty and rurality. The concept of a "rural…

Arnot, Madeleine; Naveed, Arif

2014-01-01

449

Measuring Meaningful Outcomes in Consequential Contexts: Searching for a Happy Medium in Educational Technology Research (Phase II)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a paper published 25 years ago, Ross and Morrison ("Educ Technol Res Dev" 37(1):19-33, 1989) called for a "happy medium" in educational technology research, to be achieved by balancing high rigor of studies (internal validity) with relevance to real-world applications (external validity). In this paper, we argue that,…

Ross, Steven M.; Morrison, Jennifer R.

2014-01-01

450

Different Strategies, Different Outcomes? The History and Trends of the Inclusive and Special Education in Alberta (Canada) and in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares the strategies and delivery of education for students with special educational needs in the province of Alberta, Canada, and in the country of Finland, in the European Union. The rationale for comparing these two jurisdictions is grounded by the idea that both of these areas have high general standards of living, a…

Jahnukainen, Markku

2011-01-01

451

Implementation of the Bologna Objectives in a Sample of European Private Higher Education Institutions: Outcomes of a Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the main results of a recent survey of private higher education institutions from twelve selected European countries (Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Estonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia) [in the framework of the UNESCO-CEPES project on "Private Higher Education in Europe and Quality Assurance…

Vlasceanu, Lazar; Voicu, Bogdan

2006-01-01

452

‘Expanding your mind’: the process of constructing gender-equitable masculinities in young Nicaraguan men participating in reproductive health or gender training programs  

PubMed Central

Background Traditional forms of masculinity strongly influence men's and women's wellbeing. Objective This study has two aims: (i) to explore notions of various forms of masculinities in young Nicaraguan men participating in programs addressing sexual health, reproductive health, and/or gender equality and (ii) to find out how these young men perceive their involvement in actions aimed at reducing violence against women (VAW). Design A qualitative grounded theory study. Data were collected through six focus groups and two in-depth interviews with altogether 62 young men. Results Our analysis showed that the informants experienced a process of change, labeled ‘Expanding your mind’, in which we identified four interrelated subcategories: The apprentice, The responsible/respectful man, The proactive peer educator, and ‘The feminist man’. The process showed how an increased awareness of gender inequities facilitated the emergence of values (respect and responsibility) and behavior (thoughtful action) that contributed to increase the informant's critical thinking and agency at individual, social, and political levels. The process was influenced by individual and external factors. Conclusions Multiple progressive masculinities can emerge from programs challenging patriarchy in this Latin American setting. The masculinities identified in this study show a range of attitudes and behaviors; however, all lean toward more equitable gender relations. The results suggest that learning about sexual and reproductive health does not directly imply developing more gender-equitable attitudes and behaviors or a greater willingness to prevent VAW. It is paramount that interventions to challenge machismo in this setting continue and are expanded to reach more young men. PMID:22870066

Torres, Virgilio Mariano Salazar; Goicolea, Isabel; Edin, Kerstin; Öhman, Ann

2012-01-01

453

Education and Turkish Communities in Bulgaria in the Years of Transformation (1989-2007): A Negotiated Formal Balance of Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on the education of the Turkish minority in Bulgaria in the years of transformation (1989-2007) aims to discuss the perceptions and experiences of minority members in schooling. After a succinct introduction into the historical development of minority education, the article focuses on research conducted among the Turkish communities in…

Iliycheva, Maria

2010-01-01

454

Do Children Who Move Home and School Frequently Have Poorer Educational Outcomes in Their Early Years at School? An Anonymised Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Frequent mobility has been linked to poorer educational attainment. We investigated the association between moving home and moving school frequently and the early childhood formal educational achievement. We carried out a cohort analysis of 121,422 children with anonymised linked records. Our exposure measures were: 1) the number of residential moves registered with a health care provider, and 2) number of school moves. Our outcome was the formal educational assessment at age 6–7. Binary regression modeling was used to examine residential moves within the three time periods: 0 – <1 year; 1 – <4 years and 4 – <6 years. School moves were examined from age 4 to age 6. We adjusted for demographics, residential moves at different times, school moves and birth related variables. Children who moved home frequently were more likely not to achieve in formal assessments compared with children not moving. Adjusted odds ratios were significant for 3 or more moves within the time period 1 –<4 years and for any number of residential moves within the time period 4–<6 years. There was a dose response relationship, with increased odds ratios with increased frequency of residential moves (2 or more moves at 4–<6 years, adjusted odds ratio 1.16 (1.03, 1.29). The most marked effect was seen with frequent school moves where 2 or more moves resulted in an adjusted odds ratio of 2.33 (1.82, 2.98). This is the first study to examine the relationship between residential and school moves in early childhood and the effect on educational attainment. Children experiencing frequent mobility may be disadvantaged and should be closely monitored. Additional educational support services should be afforded to children, particularly those who frequently change school, in order to help them achieve the expected educational standards. PMID:23940601

Hutchings, Hayley A.; Evans, Annette; Barnes, Peter; Demmler, Joanne; Heaven, Martin; Hyatt, Melanie A.; James-Ellison, Michelle; Lyons, Ronan A.; Maddocks, Alison; Paranjothy, Shantini; Rodgers, Sarah E.; Dunstan, Frank

2013-01-01

455

Time well spent: the duration of foster care and early adult labor market, educational, and health outcomes.  

PubMed

Individuals who spent time in foster care as children fare on average worse than non-placed peers in early adult life. Recent research on the effect of foster care placement on early adult life outcomes provides mixed evidence. Some studies suggest negative effects of foster care placement on early adult outcomes, others find null effects. This study shows that differences in the average duration of foster care stays explain parts of these discordant findings and then test how foster care duration shapes later life outcomes using administrative data on 7220 children. The children experienced different average durations of foster care because of differences in exposure to a reform. Later born cohorts spent on average 3 months longer in foster care than earlier born cohorts. Isolating exogenous variation in duration of foster care, the study finds positive effects of increased duration of foster care on income and labor market participation. PMID:24215947

Fallesen, Peter

2013-12-01

456

Outcomes from Enabling Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The outcomes of enabling courses offered in Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector were examined. "Enabling course" was defined as lower-level preparatory and prevocational courses covering a wide range of areas, including remedial education, bridging courses, precertificate courses, and general employment preparation courses.…

Phan, Oanh; Ball, Katrina

457

A Study of Implementation in Seven Follow Through Educational Models and How Instructional Processes Relate to Child Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Follow Through Classroom Observation Evaluation was to assess the implementation of seven Follow Through sponsor models included in the study and to examine the relationships between classroom instructional processes and child outcomes. The seven programs selected for study include two behavioristic models, an open school model…

Stallings, Jane

458

Teaching Note--Educating Public Health Social Work Professionals: Results from an MSW/MPH Program Outcomes Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dual-degree programs in public health and social work continue to proliferate, yet there has been little research on master's of social work (MSW)/master's of public health (MPH) graduates. The purpose of this study was to describe and better understand the self-reported professional experiences, identities, roles, and outcomes

Ruth, Betty J.; Marshall, Jamie Wyatt; Velásquez, Esther E. M.; Bachman, Sara S.

2015-01-01

459

Outcomes from Combining Work and Tertiary Study. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in some capacity is almost considered de rigueur for tertiary students. The reasons for working and the impact this has on both an individual's ability to complete their studies and on their post-study labour market outcomes are only recently receiving attention. Using the 1995 and 1998 cohorts of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian…

Polidano, Cain; Zakirova, Rezida

2011-01-01

460

From River to River: Examining the Relationship between Racial Environments and Educational Outcomes for Asian American Students at Selective Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between pre-college and college racial environments and post-secondary outcomes for Asian American students at selective institutions. This research utilized a sample of API students (n = 940) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman (1998-2003) which examined the pre-college and college experiences of…

Chiang, Warren Yi-Jeng

2011-01-01

461

SOAP in Practice: Learning Outcomes of a Cross-Institutional Innovation Project Conducted by Teachers, Student Teachers, and Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a case study investigating learning outcomes at the individual and organisational level of a cross-institutional innovation project based on the SOAP approach. SOAP integrates "S"chooling of teachers, "O"rganisational development of schools, "A"ction- and development-oriented research, and "P"rofessional development of…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob; Kirschner, Paul

2010-01-01

462

Tuning-AHELO Conceptual Framework of Expected and Desired Learning Outcomes in Economics. OECD Education Working Papers No. 59  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Secretariat, at the invitation of the AHELO Group of National Experts, contracted the Tuning Association to undertake initial development work on learning outcomes to be used for valid and reliable assessments of students from diverse institutions and countries. The two disciplines…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

463

Organisational Innovations in the Integration of Learning and Earning: Professional Development, Curriculum, Student Outcomes and Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a preliminary investigation into organisational innovations in Senior L/earning as these potentially relate to teachers' professional development, the curriculum and the outcomes for young adults. Specifically, this paper focuses on an investigation into organisational innovations in Senior L/earning in Queensland through a…

Singh, Michael; Cui, Guihua; Harreveld, Bobby

2009-01-01

464

A Tuning-AHELO Conceptual Framework of Expected Desired/Learning Outcomes in Engineering. OECD Education Working Papers, Number 60  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The OECD Secretariat, at the invitation of the AHELO Group of National Experts, contracted the Tuning Association to undertake initial development work on learning outcomes to be used for valid and reliable assessments of students from diverse institutions and countries. The two disciplines selected for the AEHLO Feasibility Study are engineering…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

465

Progress Report on Student Learning Outcomes Assessment. A Report to the Maryland Higher Education Commission from Howard Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates progress made at Howard Community College (HCC) in the last three years in efforts to improve student learning, instructional effectiveness, and curriculum. Information for this progress report was compiled with input from offices involved in monitoring outcomes assessment of student learning at the college. These include the office of…

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD. Office of Planning and Evaluation.

466

Morningness-Eveningness and Educational Outcomes: The Lark Has an Advantage over the Owl at High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Chronotype refers to individuals' preference for morning or evening activities. Its two dimensions (morningness and eveningness) are related to a number of academic outcomes. Aims: The main goal of the study was to investigate the incremental validity of chronotype as a predictor of academic achievement after controlling for a number…

Preckel, Franzis; Lipnevich, Anastasiya A.; Boehme, Katharina; Brandner, Lena; Georgi, Karsten; Konen, Tanja; Mursin, Katharina; Roberts, Richard D.

2013-01-01

467

Outcomes of the primary and early childhood science and technology education project at the university of Canberra  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the Primary and Early Childhood Science and Technology Education Project (PECSTEP) is to improve teaching and learning\\u000a in science and technology of by increasing the number of early childhood and primary teachers who are effective educators.\\u000a PECSTEP is based on an interactive model of teaching and systematically links work on gender with the learning and teaching\\u000a of

Tim Hardy; Margaret Bearlin; Valda Kirkwood

1990-01-01

468

The influence of participant's self-perceived role on metabolic outcomes in a diabetes group education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the demographic, biomedical, and perceptional factors influencing HbA1c 2 years after baseline in an educational program for persons with type 2 diabetes. Patients (N = 259) participated in a year-long group educational program led by specially trained pharmacists. There was a significant reduction of HbA1c (?0.15% unit; p < 0.05) on the group level after 24 months. Answers

Anna Sarkadi; Anikó Vég; Urban Rosenqvist

2005-01-01

469

Strengthening Education through Collaborative Networks: Leading the Cultural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational partnerships with area-based approaches comprise an increasingly well-grounded and internationally extended strategy for equitable improvement. However, literature shows a lack of focused inquiry on the assessment of these educational collaborative programmes. This article aims to develop and validate an instrument to assess these…

Díaz-Gibson, Jordi; Civís-Zaragoza, Mireia; Guàrdia-Olmos, Joan

2014-01-01

470

Fulfilling an Ethical Obligation: An Educative Research Assistantship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scant research evidence is available about the day-to-day workings of research assistantships or the educational possibilities they provide for research assistants and their academic supervisors. This case study documents the equitable, educative, and ethical nature of one research assistantship at a Canadian university. Data sources include audio…

McGinn, Michelle K.; Niemczyk, Ewelina K.; Saudelli, Mary Gene

2013-01-01

471

Reimagine Learning: Building a District on Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three years ago the city, county, and school district of San Francisco was determined to provide daily sequential arts learning to all its public school students. Through his support of arts education, Superintendent Carlos Garcia is creating a model for an equitable, high-quality, and relevant education for public school students. In this…

Penning, Dia

2008-01-01

472

The Purpose of the Cataloging for Matters of Equitable Access: Spanish-Language Cataloging and "Everyday" Approaches of Non-Native English Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While teacher-librarians embrace the concept of equitable access when they select "multicultural" materials to include in their collections, plan special programs, and teach lessons on a variety of topics, what do they do to make equitable access a part of their online catalogs? Have they achieved (or nearly achieved) a consistent level of…

Adamich, Tom

2009-01-01

473

PISA 2009 Results: Overcoming Social Background. Equity in Learning Opportunities and Outcomes. Volume II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the ultimate goals of policy makers is to enable citizens to take advantage of a globalised world economy. This is leading them to focus on the improvement of education policies, ensuring the quality of service provision, a more equitable distribution of learning opportunities and stronger incentives for greater efficiency in schooling.…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

474

Learn about effective collaboration processes, tools and outcomes for science education professionals and scientists: NASA's Heliophysics Science Education and Public Outreach Forum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA has funded four Science Education and Public Outreach Forums (SEPOFs) that work closely with NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and with each other to support and coordinate NASA's science education and public outreach activities. The Heliophysics E/PO Forum is one of these forums. The currently funded program has been operating for 3 years. The work of the Heliophysics E/PO Forum has resulted in several deliverables. 1) We have continued and further developed a 'community of practice' for Heliophysics E/PO professionals, which includes an on-line workspace for the heliophysics community (and other NASA SEPOF communities), monthly features of Heliophysics educational programs and products and the people who run the programs and develop the products, monthly tag-ups for Heliophysics E/PO professionals funded by NASA, an annual 'internal' workshop for this community, professional development opportunities, a structure for reporting information to NASA, and a weekly newsletter; 2) We have created tools for scientists interested in doing education and public outreach; 3) We have created workshops for faculty teaching Heliophysics topics; 4) We have analyzed heliophysics educational products in order to classify them both for 'gap analysis' as well as for use in a digital catalogue of science educational resources; and 5) We have worked on several cross-forum initiatives including professional development opportunities, working groups, a digital library of science educational resources, reporting support for NASA SMD, and the on-line workspace infrastructure and design. We present evaluation data on the impact of these deliverables in meeting our goals and objectives specifically for the Heliophysics E/PO Forum. We also discuss our perspectives on the benefits of working closely with the other NASA science E/PO Forums. We share how the Heliophysics E/PO Forum can benefit scientists in their E/PO efforts as well.

Peticolas, L. M.; Bartolone, L. M.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Paglierani, R.; Mendez, B. J.; Nichols, M.; Davis, H.; Ali, N. A.

2012-12-01

475

Physician Migration, Education, and Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physician migration is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that is intimately intertwined with medical education. Imbalances in the production of physicians lead to workforce shortages and surpluses that compromise the ability to deliver adequate and equitable health care to large parts of the world's population. In this overview, we address a…

Norcini, John J.; Mazmanian, Paul E.

2005-01-01

476

Higher Education for Mid-level Technology: A Comparative Analysis of Brazil and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares education of lower-middle and working classes in Brazil and the United States to examine effects of the educational system in supporting the changing technological infrastructure. Concludes that both countries need to improve access and minimize stratification to make their systems of education for mid-level technology more equitable.…

Kempner, Ken; Castro, Claudio de Moura

1988-01-01

477

Physical Education PLC: Neoliberalism, Curriculum and Governance. New Directions for PESP Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy (PESP) communities in the UK, Europe, Australasia and elsewhere go about researching the implications of neoliberalism and increasing privatisation of Education for the entitlements of young people to a common, comprehensive, high quality, equitable Physical Education (PE)? Our analyses suggest that…

Evans, John; Davies, Brian

2014-01-01

478

Snips and Snails and Puppy Dogs' Tails: Genderism and Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contrasts public discussions about the educational troubles of boys and girls to consider what a gender equitable mathematics education might look like. Both public discussions and mathematics education research typically do not carefully define or theorize gender, tend to essentialize gender, and have narrow or unclear definitions of…

Esmonde, Indigo

2011-01-01

479

To reduce urban disparities in health, strengthen and enforce equitably environmental and consumer laws.  

PubMed

While observers agree that reducing disparities in health is an important health priority for the USA, there is little agreement and no comprehensive plan to achieve this goal. In this commentary, we make the case for reducing the disproportionate exposure to environmental and consumer hazards as a promising strategy for reducing health disparities. Exposures to environmental risks such as air pollution, lead, and hazardous wastes and to consumer products such as tobacco, alcohol, and unhealthy food have been identified as significant threats to health and important contributors to disparities in health. Strengthening the regulations that prevent exposure to these harmful substances and enforcing these rules equitably could bring benefits to the population as a whole and especially to the disenfranchised, primarily urban, populations that are most exposed. The current policy environment may present a window of opportunity for pursuing this strategy. PMID:19533364

Olden, Kenneth; Ramos, Rose Marie; Freudenberg, Nicholas

2009-11-01

480

Weinberger v. Romero-Barcelo: equitable discretion and the enforcement of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Weinberger v. Romero-Barcelo illustrates the Supreme Court's reluctance to limit a court's traditional powers of equitable discretion. For the first time, the Court explicitly held that a federal judge may permit a continuing violation of a federal statute. Holding that preserving the integrity of the Nation's water is not necessarily compromised by witholding injunctive relief, it gave little consideration to

Kantor

2009-01-01

481

Toward Efficient and Equitable Distributed Air Traffic Flow Control Steven L. Waslander, Robin L. Raffard, Claire J. Tomlin,  

E-print Network

Toward Efficient and Equitable Distributed Air Traffic Flow Control Steven L. Waslander, Robin L, but compensates less expensive flights via transfer payments. I. INTRODUCTION Air traffic flow control in the U of experienced flow control specialists at the FAA Air Traffic Control System Command Center. There is a clear

Tomlin, Claire

482

Association for Faculty Women (AFW) An organization dedicated to an equitable, collegial environment for faculty women on all tracks  

E-print Network

environment for faculty women on all tracks Founded in 1975 Our mission: to further the professional growthAssociation for Faculty Women (AFW) An organization dedicated to an equitable, collegial of faculty women, by providing A means to network with other women faculty who share similar interests

Collins, Gary S.

483

Association for Faculty Women (AFW) An organization dedicated to an equitable, collegial environment for all university faculties  

E-print Network

Association for Faculty Women (AFW) An organization dedicated to an equitable, collegial environment for all university faculties Founded in 1975 Our mission: to further the professional growth of faculty women, by providing A means to network with other women faculty who share similar interests

Collins, Gary S.

484

An HLM Analysis of the Effects of a Teachers' Contract on More Equitable Distribution of Experienced Faculty in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a family of three hierarchical analyses of trends in the distribution of experienced teachers among schools. The analyses were used to assess whether implementation of key provisions of the 2004 contract between the Philadelphia School District and the Philadelphia Federation of Teachers (PFT) led to a more equitable

Offenberg, Robert M.

2008-01-01

485

The SEDL/Regional Exchange: One Component of an Emerging Effort to Disseminate the Outcomes of Educational Research and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the need for a regional dissemination system; the conceptualization of the Southwest Educational Development Labortory (SEDL) Regional Exchange as part of the nation-wide Research and Development Exchange (RDx); and the operation of the SEDL Regional Exchange (RX). It emphasizes that the Research and Development Exchange is…

Kronkosky, Preston C.

486

The Core Competencies and MFT Education: Practical Aspects of Transitioning to a Learning-Centered, Outcome-Based Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The MFT core competencies and latest COAMFTE accreditation standards usher in a new paradigm for MFT education. This transition necessitates not only measuring student mastery of competencies but also, more importantly, adopting a contemporary pedagogical model. This article provides an overview of the changes, a review of parallel trends in other…

Gehart, Diane

2011-01-01

487

Harm Reduction for Drug Abusing Ex-Offenders: Outcome of the California Prevention and Education Project MORE Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

MORE was a mobile outreach drug abuse prevention and HIV harm reduction program primarily for ex-offenders who are active drug users. Through case management, clients were provided substance abuse education, counseling, and referral. Long term goals of these services were to reduce their drug use and re-incarceration for drug related crimes. From January 2002 to May 2006, 487 unduplicated clients

Benjamin P. Bowser; Tazima Jenkins-Barnes; Carla Dillard-Smith; Gloria Lockett

2010-01-01

488

The Role of the School Psychologist in Inclusive Education for Ensuring Quality Learning Outcomes for All Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In comparison to international perspectives, the specific role of the school psychologist in Hong Kong will provide a case study of the tensions experienced by a system in transition between a very traditional, highly segregated education system, to one that is actively promoting a whole school approach to inclusion. Consideration will initially…

Forlin, Chris

2010-01-01

489

Educational Outcomes of Young People in Scotland Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Intersections of Deafness and Social Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the intersection between deafness and social class in the context of the unstable economic circumstances in Scotland following the 2007 recession. More specifically, this research investigated the following in the case of young people who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH): (1) the interaction between educational attainment…

Fordyce, Mariela; Riddell, Sheila; O'Neill, Rachel; Weedon, Elisabet

2015-01-01

490

Diet and Body Composition Outcomes of an Environmental and Educational Intervention among Men in Treatment for Substance Addiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine the effect of an educational and environmental intervention on diet, body mass index, and waist circumference of men in substance addiction treatment. Methods: One hundred three racially/ethnically diverse men in 6 urban substance addiction residential treatment facilities in Upstate New York participated in weekly…

Cowan, Jennifer A.; Devine, Carol M.

2013-01-01

491

Sex Education, First Sex and Sexual Health Outcomes in Adulthood: Findings from a Nationally Representative Sexual Health Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between school sex education and sexual health behaviours at first sex and later in adulthood, using nationally representative data. Respondents were adults from the 2010 Irish Contraception and Crisis Pregnancy Survey, a cross-sectional survey designed to assess knowledge, attitudes and behaviours relating…

Bourke, Ashling; Boduszek, Daniel; Kelleher, Caroline; McBride, Orla; Morgan, Karen

2014-01-01

492

Examining the Link between Program Implementation and Behavior Outcomes in the Lifestyle Education for Activity Program (LEAP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lifestyle Education for Activity Program (LEAP) was a comprehensive, school-based intervention designed to promote physical activity in high school girls. The intervention focused on changes in instructional practices and the school environment to affect personal, social, and environmental factors related to physical activity. Multiple process…

Saunders, Ruth P.; Ward, Dianne; Felton, Gwen M.; Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R.

2006-01-01

493

The Unique and Combined Effects of Homelessness and School Mobility on the Educational Outcomes of Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of…

Fantuzzo, John W.; LeBoeuf, Whitney A.; Chen, Chin-Chih; Rouse, Heather L.; Culhane, Dennis P.

2012-01-01

494

An Assessment of Cost, Quality and Outcomes for Five HIV Prevention Youth Peer Education Programs in Zambia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth peer education (YPE) programs are a popular strategy for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. However, research on the effectiveness of YPE programs is scarce and the wide variation in programs makes it difficult to generalize research findings. Measuring quality and comparing program effectiveness require the use of standardized…

Burke, H. M.; Pedersen, K. F.; Williamson, N. E.

2012-01-01

495

Differences in Experiences and Outcomes of Transfer and Native Students in an Elementary Education Program: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research targeted elementary education graduates of a large Southwestern university who were transfer students, and compared them to native students on selected variables. These variables included retention in teaching, and perception of supports and obstacles at the university. The sample consisted of 143 respondents: 73 native and 70…

Tucker, Tami L.

2012-01-01

496

Is Identification with School the Key Component in the "Black Box" of Education Outcomes? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we follow up the important class size reduction randomized experiment in Tennessee in the mid 1980s (Project STAR) to attempt to further understand the long-lasting influences of early education interventions. While STAR led to large test score benefits during the intervention, these benefits quickly faded at its conclusion.…

Fletcher, Jason M.

2009-01-01

497

Effects of a Multidisciplinary Educational Rehabilitative Intervention in Breast Cancer Survivors: The Role of Body Image on Quality of Life Outcomes  

PubMed Central

In breast cancer survivors, own body image may change due to physical and psychological reasons, worsening women's living. The aim of the study was to investigate whether body image may affect the functional and quality of life outcomes after a multidisciplinary and educational rehabilitative intervention in sixty women with primary nonmetastatic breast cancer who have undergone conservative surgery. To assess the quality of life was administered The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Study Group on Quality of Life core questionnaire, while to investigate the psychological features and self-image were administered the following scales: the Body Image Scale, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. To assess the recovery of the function of the shoulder were administered: the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire and the Constant-Murley Score. Data were collected at the baseline, at the end of the intervention, and at 3-month follow-up. We found a general improvement in the outcomes related to quality of life, and physical and psychological features after treatment (P < 0.001). During follow-up period, a higher further improvement in women without alterations in body image in respect of those with an altered self-perception of their own body was found (P = 0.01). In conclusion, the body image may influence the efficacy of a rehabilitative intervention, especially in the short term of follow-up. PMID:25405222

Scappaticci, Antonella; Alcuri, Maria Rosaria; Saraceni, Vincenzo Maria; Paolucci, Stefano; Paolucci, Teresa

2014-01-01

498

Yes, but Can They Earn a Living? Methods for Creating an Effective System of Measuring Labor Market Outcomes in Higher Education. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.5.13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new federal initiative calls for a College Scorecard which will include a yet to be determined measure of graduate earnings. In this paper we examine the political context that drives this initiative and examine the nascent efforts of four states to develop statewide systems to measure the labor market outcomes of higher education. We propose…

Moore, Richard W.; Chapman, Kenneth; Huber, Bettina; Shors, Mark

2013-01-01

499

Influence of socioeconomic status on community-acquired pneumonia outcomes in elderly patients requiring hospitalization: a multicenter observational study  

PubMed Central

Background The associations between socioeconomic status and community-acquired pneumonia outcomes in adults have been studied although studies did not always document a relationship. The aim of this multicenter observational study was to determine the association between socioeconomic status and community-acquired pneumonia outcomes in the elderly, in the context of a public health system providing universal free care to the whole population. Methods A total of 651 patients aged ?65 years hospitalized due to community-acquired pneumonia through the emergency departments of five Spanish public hospitals were recruited and followed up between May 2005 and January 2007. The primary outcomes studied were: length of stay, intensive care unit admission, overall mortality and readmission. Socioeconomic status was measured using both individual and community data: occupation [categorized in six social groups (I, II, III, IVa, IVb and V)], educational level (? primary level or ? secondary level) and disposable family income of the municipality or district of residence [>12,500 € (high municipality family income) and ?12,500 € (low municipality family income)]. The six social groups were further categorized as upper/middle social class (groups I-IVb) and lower class (group V). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed. OR and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated. All statistical tests were two tailed and statistical significance was established as p < 0.05. Results 17.7% of patients lived in a municipality or district with a high municipality family income and 63.6% were upper/middle social class (I-IVb). Only 15.7% of patients had a secondary education. The adjusted analysis showed no association between pneumonia outcomes and social class, educational level or municipality family income. However, length of stay increased significantly in patients in whom the factors, living alone and being a smoker or ex-smoker coincided (p < 0.001). Conclusions We measured socioeconomic status using both individual and community data and found no association between social class, educational level or municipality family income and the variables of pneumonia outcomes. The lack of differences between social classes supports the provision of universal, equitable health care by the public health system. PMID:20633254

2010-01-01

500

Students with ‘Special Rights’ for Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The chapter draws attention to the need for equitable access to quality mathematics education for students with ‘special rights’.\\u000a These special rights stem from the fact that students who are visually or hearing impaired, or who have Down syndrome or other\\u000a intellectual or physical impairments, historically have not had access to high-quality mathematics education. Included in\\u000a this group with special

Ann Gervasoni; Lena Lindenskov