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1

Achieving Equitable Outcomes. A Supporting Paper to Australia's National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training, 1998-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is one of five supporting papers to "A Bridge to the Future: Australia's National Strategy for VET 1998-2003" (ED 420 764). Although some equity client groups in Australia are now relatively well represented in vocational education and training (VET), patterns of enrollment and achievement are not uniform. To respond to this situation…

Australian National Training Authority, Brisbane.

2

Towards Efficient and Equitable Education for All in Togo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two sets of measures may improve the effective and equitable use of public funds for education in Togo. The first measure is related to the reduction of enrollment and the per capita costs of higher education. The costs of higher education borne by individuals and the state drain monies from the primary and secondary education sectors. The…

Kogoe, Akrima

3

Paths to success: optimal and equitable health outcomes for all.  

PubMed

Abstract:U.S. health disparities are real, pervasive, and persistent, despite dramatic improvements in civil rights and economic opportunity for racial and ethnic minority and lower socioeconomic groups in the United States. Change is possible, however. Disparities vary widely from one community to another, suggesting that they are not inevitable. Some communities even show paradoxically good outcomes and relative health equity despite significant social inequities. A few communities have even improved from high disparities to more equitable and optimal health outcomes. These positive-deviance communities show that disparities can be overcome and that health equity is achievable. Research must shift from defining the problem (including causes and risk factors) to testing effective interventions, informed by the natural experiments of what has worked in communities that are already moving toward health equity. At the local level, we need multi-dimensional interventions designed in partnership with communities and continuously improved by rapid-cycle surveillance feedback loops of community-level disparities metrics. Similarly coordinated strategies are needed at state and national levels to take success to scale. We propose ten specific steps to follow on a health equity path toward optimal and equitable health outcomes for all Americans. PMID:22643550

Rust, George; Levine, Robert S; Fry-Johnson, Yvonne; Baltrus, Peter; Ye, Jiali; Mack, Dominic

2012-05-01

4

Mind-Sets and Equitable Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much talk about equity in education is about bricks and mortar--about having equal facilities and equal resources. Those factors, although extremely important, are relatively easy to quantify. What may be harder to capture are the beliefs that administrators, teachers, and students hold--beliefs that can have a striking impact on students'…

Dweck, Carol S.

2010-01-01

5

Educational Outcomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the beginning of the 21st century, education seems dominated by talk about educational outcomes and their assessment. This chapter serves to demystify these topics. This free selection includes the Preface, Table of Contents, an About the Author page, and the Alphabetical List of the 88 Education Terms.

Colburn, Alan

2003-01-01

6

Cost-Effective, Equitable and Flexible Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning in Bangladesh  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how this mega-university offers increasing access to cost-effective, equitable and flexible higher education by analyzing data from primary and secondary sources, identifies challenges impacting the continued growth of enrollment in distance education, and outlines opportunities for increasing access to higher education through…

Islam, Tofazzal

2011-01-01

7

Kliptown Youth Project: Fulfilling the Promise of Equitable Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a global movement, South Africa is embracing political and academic change designed to enhance the lives of all students. Small, gradual courses of actions serve to level the educational playing field for students with and without disabilities. Kliptown Youth Project by design serves as evidence of a small, but persistent transforming…

Jones, Vita; Cote, Debra Lynn; Brandon, Regina R.

2012-01-01

8

A Framework for Educative, Equitable, and Empowering Disciplinary Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student discipline is an ongoing challenge for school administrators, and its importance has been magnified as accountability reporting and public concerns for school safety have come into play. School personnel are expected to maintain a safe school environment that focuses on student learning. Disciplinary interventions should be "educative,"…

Lashley, Carl; Tate, Alicia S.

2009-01-01

9

Strategy for Promoting the Equitable Development of Basic Education in Underdeveloped Counties as Seen from Cili County  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing statistical analysis, this study has made a preliminary exploration of promoting the equitable development of basic education in underdeveloped counties through the case study of Cili county. The unequally developed basic education in the county has been made clear, the reasons for the inequitable education have been analyzed, and,…

Shihua, Peng; Rihui, Tan

2009-01-01

10

Narrowing the treatment gap with equitable access: mid-term outcomes of a community case management program in Cameroon.  

PubMed

Coverage of case management interventions remains low and inadequate to achieve millennium development goal (MDG) target reductions in child mortality. Children living in the poorest households are particularly disadvantaged. Community case management (CCM) uses trained and supervised community health workers to improve access to, quality of and demand for effective case management. Evidence that CCM programs can achieve equitable improvements in coverage is limited. This cross-sectional study uses a quasi-experimental design with intervention and comparison areas. Outcomes of a CCM program for malaria and diarrhoea operating in two districts of Cameroon were measured after 1 year of implementation. A household census (N = 16 954) provided measurement of treatment-seeking behaviour for recent episodes of fever and diarrhoea. Results were compared between areas using chi-square tests. Intervention-area children with fever or diarrhoea were nearly nine times more likely to receive treatment with artemisinin combination therapy or oral rehydration salts, respectively, vs neighbouring comparison-area children. High levels of effective treatment were equitable across socioeconomic status in intervention areas, whereas disparities were observed in neighbouring comparison areas. CCM can achieve rapid and equitable improvements in coverage of case management for malaria and diarrhoea, and is a promising strategy for achieving MDG 4. Improved access to treatment, quality of care and caregiver demand were achieved in two districts of Cameroon. CCM must be scaled up to demonstrate outcomes and impact at scale. PMID:23144228

Littrell, Megan; Moukam, Laure Vartan; Libite, Roger; Youmba, Jean Christian; Baugh, Gunther

2013-10-01

11

Characteristics of Equitable Systems of Education: A Cross-National Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines equity in national systems of education in terms of differences in student outcomes, as measured by mathematics achievement scores on Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003. The author uses four measures for assessing equity in student outcomes: (1) the strength of the relationship between student…

Perry, Laura

2009-01-01

12

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective,

Mary Kathryn Kelly

2001-01-01

13

Equitable Learning Outcomes: Supporting Economically and Culturally Disadvantaged Students in "Formative Learning Environments"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central and distinguishing thesis of social and cultural perspectives on outcome equity is that public school classrooms are culturally biased environments. Such environments disaffect children who arrive at school from the economic or cultural margin. The "formative learning environment" (FoLE) establishes and sustains legitimate…

Clark, Ian

2014-01-01

14

Outcomes-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes-based education (OBE) is a controversial model of educational restructuring that defines learning as what students can demonstrate that they know. This document reviews four journal articles and one bulletin that reflect a range of perspectives on OBE's potential promise and problems. In "Organizing for Results: The Basis of Authentic…

McNeir, Gwennis

1993-01-01

15

Barriers to Equitable Access: Higher Education Policy and Practice in Chile Since 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines higher education policy in Chile after the return to democracy in 1990 from an equity perspective. Chile faces the challenge of implementing equity-oriented policies within the legal confines of an education system constructed under the neoliberal model and introduced by the military government (1973-1990). This has resulted in…

Matear, Ann

2006-01-01

16

Access and Choice: Equitable Financing of Postsecondary Education. Report No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current federal student financial assistance programs are described, and their impact on access to and choice of postsecondary education are assessed. In addition, recommendations and policy options for promoting educational opportunity are offered. Findings of the following eight studies are analyzed: (1) changes in college attendance and student…

National Commission on Student Financial Assistance, Washington, DC.

17

Short Changed: The Importance of Facilitating Equitable Financial Education in Urban Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through this literature review, the authors explore financial educations' relevance to urban society. They consider research measuring children's financial development by observing environmental influences that affect both financial learning and personal judgments. These conditions necessitate financial curricula addressing associated challenges.…

Lucey, Thomas A.; Giannangelo, Duane M.

2006-01-01

18

Funding Education Equitably: The "Comparability Provision" and the Move to Fair and Transparent School Budgeting Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on intradistrict funding inequities in many large school districts confirm what most would guess--high-poverty schools actually receive less money per pupil than more affluent schools. These funding inequities have real repercussions for the quality of education offered at high-poverty schools and a district's ability to overcome the…

Bireda, Saba

2011-01-01

19

Assessing General Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In both purpose and practice, general education in American higher education has experienced several recurring debates and national revivals. In a world with constantly evolving technology, students need a strong general education to be flexible and adaptable to the changes of the world. General education is an important component and requirement…

Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks

2010-01-01

20

Focusing on Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

National education goals, content standards, and national tests are the hot topics of the day in educational reform. Special services personnel eventually will be faced with these issues, and can either be part of the discussion from the beginning, or wait and have to deal with someone else's decisions. In this article, we highlight some recent national and state educational

Martha L. Thurlow; James E. Ysseldyke

1994-01-01

21

NASA'S Education Programs: Defining Goals, Assessing Outcomes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the report, the Committee on NASA Education Program outcomes of the National Research Council has advised the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) about its education programs, precollege through postdoctoral. The committee examined the...

1994-01-01

22

Educational Outcomes for Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on the results of education for students with disabilities considers a number of issues, including what outcomes should be expected and how they should be measured and reported, school reform, the possible role of Goals 2000/Educate America Act, and alternative views on identifying outcomes and setting standards such as those of the…

Ysseldyke, James E., Ed.; Thurlow, Martha L., Ed.

1994-01-01

23

Student Success through Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to Alberta's Educational Quality Indicators initiative, Fort McMurray Catholic Schools implemented outcome-based mathematics instruction in 30 classrooms, grades 2-10. Collaborative planning and implementation of outcome-based education principles led to improvements in student achievement, attitudes, and responsibility. (SV)

Geddert, Phyllis

1993-01-01

24

Migration and Educational Outcomes of Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of migration on educational outcomes of children. It looks at the outcomes of internationally as well as internally migrating children and identifies the specific barriers they face in access to quality schooling. It discusses the various channels through which migration affects the education and wellbeing of non-migrant children in migrant households. It subsequently examines the

Kristina A. Schapiro

2009-01-01

25

FINANCIAL LITERACY, FINANCIAL EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC OUTCOMES  

PubMed Central

In this article we review the literature on financial literacy, financial education, and consumer financial outcomes. We consider how financial literacy is measured in the current literature, and examine how well the existing literature addresses whether financial education improves financial literacy or personal financial outcomes. We discuss the extent to which a competitive market provides incentives for firms to educate consumers or offer products that facilitate informed choice. We review the literature on alternative policies to improve financial outcomes, and compare the evidence to evidence on the efficacy and cost of financial education. Finally, we discuss directions for future research.

Hastings, Justine S.; Madrian, Brigitte C.; Skimmyhorn, William L.

2013-01-01

26

Trends in State Assessment of Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

State departments of education routinely conduct assessments of educational outcomes—most often through statewide achievement testing. It is important to evaluate the participation of students with disabilities in these activities because the data produced by such efforts help direct education programs and policies that may have an impact on all students. In this paper, we present the major findings from a

James G. Shriner; Cheri J. Gilman; Martha L. Thurlow; James E. Ysseldyke

1994-01-01

27

Physical Education Performance Outcomes and Cognitive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article intends to inform physical education teachers about the current research describing the relationship between physical education performance outcomes as identified by the national physical education standards (i.e., regular participation in physical activity, physical fitness, motor competence; National Association of Physical…

Castelli, Darla M.; Hillman, Charles H.

2007-01-01

28

Model Learner Outcomes for Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this document contains sets of statements adopted by either the Minnesota State Board of Education or the Minnesota State Legislature. They represent the hierarchy used by Department of Education staff as they develop model learner outcomes for each subject area. Contents include learner values, education system values, philosophy for…

Rogers, Cheryl, Ed.; And Others

29

Outcome-Based Educational Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whitmore Lake's (Michigan) outcome-based planning model emphasizes starting the planning process by obtaining consensus on desired outcomes; involves students, teachers, staff, parents, and community in planning; and identifies the responsibilities of students, the home, and the school in helping students achieve the desired outcomes. (MJL)

Stephens, Gail M.; Herman, Jerry J.

1984-01-01

30

Raising Education Outcomes in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impressive progress has been made in raising participation in early childhood education as well as tertiary educational attainment over the past 30 years. However, the inflow of poorly educated youth into the labour market is unusually heavy for a high-income country, largely on account of high drop-out rates in lower secondary education which, in turn, reflect one of the highest

Andrés Fuentes

2009-01-01

31

Education, Cognitive Skill, and Labor Force Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the degree to which educational attainment and cognitive skill explain labor force outcomes, both in occupational status and earnings. Reveals that educational attainment and cognitive skill contribute independently in subsamples of whites, blacks, and Hispanics but in different ways and degrees. Includes references. (CMK)

Kerckhoff, Alan C.; Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Glennie, Elizabeth

2001-01-01

32

State Special Education Outcomes, 2003: Marching On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the ninth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and 9 of the 11 federally funded entities (unique states). The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the new initiatives, trends,…

Thompson, Sandra; Thurlow, Martha

2004-01-01

33

Educational Outcomes and Competencies across the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to evaluate college effectiveness and ensure student academic achievement, St. Vincent's College, a small two-year health science college in Bridgeport, Connecticut, formed a task force to develop general education outcomes across the curriculum. The college's general education core curriculum consists of 25 credits, including…

McCain, Anita K.; Hine, Terry; Wolfertz, Joanne

34

Assessing Higher Education Learning Outcomes in Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brazil has developed an encompassing system for quality assessment of higher education, the National System of Higher Education Evaluation (SINAES), which includes a test for assessing learning outcomes at the undergraduate level, the National Exam of Student Performance (ENADE). The present system has been running since 2004, and also serves as…

Pedrosa, Renato H. L.; Amaral, Eliana; Knobel, Marcelo

2013-01-01

35

7 CFR 760.106 - Equitable relief.  

...2014-01-01 false Equitable relief. 760.106 Section 760...for Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs § 760.106 Equitable relief. (a) The Secretary may provide equitable relief on a case-by-case...

2014-01-01

36

7 CFR 760.106 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Equitable relief. 760.106 Section 760...for Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs § 760.106 Equitable relief. (a) The Secretary may provide equitable relief on a case-by-case...

2012-01-01

37

7 CFR 760.106 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Equitable relief. 760.106 Section 760...for Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs § 760.106 Equitable relief. (a) The Secretary may provide equitable relief on a case-by-case...

2011-01-01

38

7 CFR 760.106 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Equitable relief. 760.106 Section 760...for Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs § 760.106 Equitable relief. (a) The Secretary may provide equitable relief on a case-by-case...

2013-01-01

39

7 CFR 760.106 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Equitable relief. 760.106 Section 760...for Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs § 760.106 Equitable relief. (a) The Secretary may provide equitable relief on a case-by-case...

2010-01-01

40

Educational Outcomes at Harcum Junior College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the institutional research conducted at Harcum Junior College, a private women's college, has focused on measuring the educational outcomes of students in relation to the college's objectives. Past studies have sought to determine how well Harcum prepares transfer curriculum students by analyzing rates of baccalaureate degree attainment,…

Blai, Boris

41

New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

Clyde, Anne

1992-01-01

42

Inventory of Educational Outcomes and Activities. Preliminary Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Careful definition and measurement of the activities and outcomes of higher education can contribute significantly to the resolution of some of the most vital issues related to the educational enterprise. The inventory of educational outcomes and activities presented in this report is divided into 4 sections: (1) instructional outcomes, including…

Huff, Robert A.

43

Learning and Equitable Access in the Western Cape, South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Silent exclusion, when children register and attend school but learn little, is a critical feature of educational access in South Africa. Several international studies (e.g. TIMMS, SACMEQ) have shown that despite high levels of investment, South African schools perform poorly in relation to other countries at similar levels of income. Equitable

Gilmour, David; Soudien, Crain

2009-01-01

44

The Tertiary Programming Learning Environment: Is It Equitable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computing learning environment has not often been equitable for female students. For example, the number of females enrolled in tertiary computing courses is low compared with males and their retention is poor. In recent years, New Zealand educational institutions have experienced an increased enrolment of "new arrivals"--students of diverse…

Crump, Barbara J.; Rennie, Leonie J.

2004-01-01

45

Responsive Professional Education: Balancing Outcomes and Opportunities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 3, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Goals and outcomes in various fields of professional education are considered. Attention is directed to generic outcomes of professional preparation, the emphasis these outcomes receive among professional educators, some problems that concern professional educators, and recommendations for future action and study. The generic outcomes, which were…

Stark, Joan S.; And Others

46

Indigenous Australian Education: A New Millennium, a More Focused Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable progress has been made in Australia toward the attainment of equitable educational outcomes by Aboriginal people during the past 30 years, and by people of the Torres Strait Islands during the past 15 years. Although parity of outcomes has not yet been achieved, Indigenous education is now positioned within the core business of both…

Tripcony, Penny

47

The Pearl of Great Price: Achieving Equitable Access to Primary and Secondary Education and Enhancing Learning in Sri Lanka. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 29  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of public policy in Sri Lanka has had a profound impact on the thinking of the global development community in relation to the role of education in economic development. In particular, the example of Sri Lanka helped to persuade policy makers around the world that governments can successfully develop a general education system to…

Aturupane, Harsha

2009-01-01

48

Outcomes of Nutrition Education for Professional Female Basketball Players  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proper nutrition and weight control practices can strongly influence basketball performance. Yet, little is known about the outcomes of nutrition education programs that target the food and weight concerns of female professional basketball players. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in eating behaviors consequent to a nutrition education program (1-hour nutrition education session plus 10 to 15minutes

N. Clark; J. Polonchek

1998-01-01

49

Claiming "Educative Outcomes" in HPE: The Potential for "Pedagogic Action"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will propose and privilege "educative outcomes" in Health and Physical Education (HPE), reflecting that one of the five propositions in the "Draft Shape of Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education" (Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority [ACARA], 2012a) can be regarded as the bonding…

DinanThompson, Maree

2013-01-01

50

Family, Community, and Educational Outcomes in South Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we review research on the economics and sociology of education to assess the relationships between family and community variables and children's educational outcomes in South Asia. At the family level, we examine the variables of family socioeconomic status (SES), parental education, family structure, and religion and caste. At…

Chudgar, Amita; Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

51

Improving Educational Outcomes for Studes with Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The educational landscape for students with disabilities is undergoing vast changes. Thanks to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its push for increased access to education for students with disabilities, and the No Child Left Behi...

2004-01-01

52

48 CFR 49.208 - Equitable adjustment after partial termination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Principles for Fixed-Price Contracts Terminated...208 Equitable adjustment after partial termination...request an equitable adjustment in the price or prices of the...negotiating the equitable adjustment and executing...an increase in price is included...

2013-10-01

53

48 CFR 1852.243-72 - Equitable adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...clause. Equitable Adjustments (APR 1998) (a...provide for an equitable adjustment, including those clauses...the following detail: material quantities and costs... (e) Equitable adjustments for deleted work shall...on the basis of the price being determined...

2013-10-01

54

Outcome-Reporting Bias in Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome-reporting bias occurs when primary studies do not include information about all outcomes measured in a study. When studies omit findings on important measures, efforts to synthesize the research using systematic review techniques will be biased and interpretations of individual studies will be incomplete. Outcome-reporting bias has been…

Pigott, Therese D.; Valentine, Jeffrey C.; Polanin, Joshua R.; Williams, Ryan T.; Canada, Dericka D.

2013-01-01

55

Standardized Testing: Undermining Equity in Education. Report Prepared for the National Issues in Education Initiative = Les Tests Standardises: Atteinte a L'Equite en Education. Rapport Prepare dans le Cadre de la Campagne des Dossiers Nationaux en Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in assessment policy have resulted in a proliferation of testing in Canadian schools. Advocates claim that more testing will result in greater accountability, but this book states that there is little evidence to support standardized testing from a pedagogical perspective. It examines the effects of standardized testing on educational

Froese-Germain, Bernie

56

Academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD.  

PubMed

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor grades, poor reading and math standardized test scores, and increased grade retention. ADHD is also associated with increased use of school-based services, increased rates of detention and expulsion, and ultimately with relatively low rates of high school graduation and postsecondary education. Children in community samples who show symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity with or without formal diagnoses of ADHD also show poor academic and educational outcomes. Pharmacologic treatment and behavior management are associated with reduction of the core symptoms of ADHD and increased academic productivity, but not with improved standardized test scores or ultimate educational attainment. Future research must use conceptually based outcome measures in prospective, longitudinal, and community-based studies to determine which pharmacologic, behavioral, and educational interventions can improve academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD. PMID:17261487

Loe, Irene M; Feldman, Heidi M

2007-01-01

57

Academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD.  

PubMed

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor grades, poor reading and math standardized test scores, and increased grade retention. ADHD is also associated with increased use of school-based services, increased rates of detention and expulsion, and ultimately with relatively low rates of high school graduation and postsecondary education. Children in community samples who show symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity with or without formal diagnoses of ADHD also show poor academic and educational outcomes. Pharmacologic treatment and behavior management are associated with reduction of the core symptoms of ADHD and increased academic productivity, but not with improved standardized test scores or ultimate educational attainment. Future research must use conceptually based outcome measures in prospective, longitudinal, and community-based studies to determine which pharmacologic, behavioral, and educational interventions can improve academic and educational outcomes of children with ADHD. PMID:17569716

Loe, Irene M; Feldman, Heidi M

2007-07-01

58

The advent of equitation science.  

PubMed

The lengthy association of humans with horses has established traditional equestrian techniques that have served military and transport needs well. Although effective, these techniques have by-passed the research findings of modern psychologists, who developed the fundamentals of learning theory. That said, the pools of equestrian debate are far from stagnant. The latest wave of horse whisperers has offered some refinements and some novel interpretations of the motivation of horses undergoing training. Additionally, the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) has introduced the concept of the 'happy equine athlete' and, in the light of the hyperflexion (Rollkür) debate, recently examined the possible effects of some novel dressage modalities on equine 'happiness'. However, many still question the welfare of the ridden horse since it is largely trained using negative reinforcement, has to respond to pressure-based signals and is seldom asked to work for positive rewards. Science holds tremendous promise for removing emotiveness from the horse-riding welfare debate by establishing how much rein tension is too much; how much contact is neutral; how contact can be measured; how discomfort can be measured; how pain can be measured; and how learned helplessness manifests in horses. These are some of the topics addressed by equitation science, an emerging discipline that combines learning theory, physics and ethology to examine the salience and efficacy of horse-training techniques. PMID:17157542

McGreevy, Paul D

2007-11-01

59

Education Participation and Outcomes by Geographic Location. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) were analyzed to assess the viability of using the LSAY study data for national reporting of outcomes by geographic location and to identify variations in young Australians' education participation and outcomes by geographic region. The analysis revealed several sample distribution…

Jones, Roger G.

60

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Student Outcomes, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents information about the outcomes of students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) during 2011. The figures are derived from the Student Outcomes Survey, which is an annual survey that covers students who have an Australian address as their usual address and are awarded a qualification (graduates), or…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

61

The Trouble with Outcomes: Pragmatic Inquiry and Educational Aims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although outcomes assessment (OA) has become "common sense" in higher education, this article shows that the concept of "outcomes" tends to limit and compromise teaching and learning while serving the interests of institutional management. By contrast, the pragmatic concept of consequences tends to expand our view of teaching and learning, and…

Gallagher, Chris W.

2012-01-01

62

Preservice Teachers' Belief Systems toward Curricular Outcomes for Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was grounded in the belief systems and physical activity literature and investigated preservice teachers' belief systems toward curricular outcomes for physical education programs. Preservice teachers (N = 486; men = 62%, women = 38%) from 18 U.S. colleges/universities shared their beliefs about curricular outcomes. Preservice teachers…

Kulinna, Pamela Hodges; Brusseau, Timothy; Ferry, Matthew; Cothran, Donetta

2010-01-01

63

31 CFR 391.2 - Equitable considerations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF INTEREST, ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS, AND PENALTIES § 391.2 Equitable considerations. For reasons of equity and good conscience, late charges may be waived under the circumstances identified in this section. (a) Where, without fault or...

2013-07-01

64

Prediction of Educational Outcome After Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Evaluation of the predictive value of neuropsychological test scores with respect to special education placement following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Study Design: Longitudinal follow-up and hierarchical logistic regression analyses. Setting: Regional rehabilitation center. Participants: Consecutive series of referrals, including 58 children with TBI and no confounding premorbid histories or other complicating factors. Main Outcome Measures: Special education placement

Lori J. Miller; Jacobus Donders

2003-01-01

65

Research on the Outcomes of Elementary School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of objective assessments of the short- and long-term outcomes of elementary school physical education programs. Evaluations have used a variety of designs, including longitudinal and tracking studies as well as correlational analyses. The short-term effect of physical education on health and…

Shephard, Roy J.; Trudeau, Francois

2008-01-01

66

Seven Years of Distance Education in Russia: First Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the year 2002, the federal experiment on creating and developing the system of distance education in Russia came to its end. This fact provokes the author to analyze the first outcomes of the beginning era of computer-based-learning in this country. The paper aims to review the development of distance education in the context of past and…

Yakushkina, Tatiana

2004-01-01

67

The outcomes of doctoral education: An institutional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to establish baseline data on the outcomes of doctoral education at a private, urban university. Through the use of a survey instrument developed by the researchers, Ph.D. and Ed.D. recipients from 16 departments who had graduated between 1963 and 1984 were contacted. Three primary areas were examined: (1) the impact of doctoral education on career development, (2)

Eileen M. Kolman; Karen S. Gallagher; Donald Hossler; Francis Catania

1987-01-01

68

The Effects of Competition on Educational Outcomes. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competition exists when vendors of a service are available to meet the demands of customers. In the education sector, parents and children are consumers, and schools and districts are the suppliers. Theoretically, more competition should translate into higher quality schooling and enhanced educational outcomes. This digest reviews the literature…

Belfield, Clive R.

69

Educational Reform, Students of Color, and Potential Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on middle-class, white values and assumptions, school restructuring proposed in "first wave reform" will increase inequity and stratification and hamper social mobility for minorities. School choice, outcomes-based education, and secondary track systems are critiqued. When race, culture, and ethnicity influence educational policy, students…

Reyes, Pedro; Scribner, Alicia Paredes

1995-01-01

70

Educational Commodification and the (Economic) Sign Value of Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If managerialism points to the ideological foundations and bureaucratisation of contemporary education, marketisation signals its commodification, image and exchange. This paper brings to bear the prevailing influence of marketisation on education. It begins with a brief description of the European context and development of learning outcomes, and…

Brancaleone, David; O'Brien, Stephen

2011-01-01

71

Parents' Education Levels, Parents' Beliefs, and Child Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between parents' education levels, parents' beliefs concerning children, children's cognitions related to themselves and their relationships, and academic achievement were investigated in a sample of Turkish fourth-grade children and their parents. Structural equations were used in data analysis. Level of parents' education was a significant predictor of parents' beliefs for both parents. Relationships between parents' beliefs and child outcomes

Nuran Hortaçsu

1995-01-01

72

Indigenous Education 1991-2000: Documents, Outcomes and Governments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is often a disparity in Indigenous Affairs between many documents, such as policies, reports and legislation, and outcomes. This article explores this difference through analysing the policy area of Indigenous education during the period of 1991 to 2000. I examine three key documents relating to Indigenous education. These are the "National…

Gunstone, Andrew

2012-01-01

73

PISA Proficiency Scores Predict Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) examines the extent to which 15-year-old students who are near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the competencies essential for participation in the labor market and society. Given that this participation hinges on educational attainment, it is crucial to empirically…

Fischbach, Antoine; Keller, Ulrich; Preckel, Franzis; Brunner, Martin

2013-01-01

74

Lumbar Disk Herniation in the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT): Does Educational Attainment Impact Outcome?  

PubMed Central

Study Design Randomized trial with concurrent observational cohort. 1171 patients were divided into subgroups by educational attainment: high school or less, some college, and college degree or above. Objective To assess the influence of education level on outcomes for treatment of lumbar disk herniation. Summary of Background Data Educational attainment has been demonstrated to have an inverse relationship with pain perception, co-morbidities, and mortality. Methods The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial enrolled surgical candidates (imaging-confirmed disk herniation with at least 6 weeks of persistent signs and symptoms of radiculopathy) from 13 multidisciplinary spine clinics in 11 US states. Treatments were standard open diskectomy vs. non-operative treatment. Outcomes were changes from baseline for SF-36 bodily pain (BP) and physical function (PF) scales and the modified Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and yearly through 4 years. Results Substantial improvement was seen in all patient cohorts. Surgical outcomes did not differ by level of education. For non-operative outcomes, however, higher levels of education were associated with significantly greater overall improvement over 4 years in BP (p=0.007), PF (p=0.001) and ODI (p=0.003). At 4 years a “dose-response” type relationship was shown for BP (high school or less 25.5; some college 31; college graduate or above 36.3; p= 0.004); results were similar for PF and ODI. The success of non-operative treatment in the more educated cohort resulted in an attenuation of the relative benefit of surgery. Conclusions Patients with higher educational attainment demonstrated significantly greater improvement with non-operative treatment while educational attainment was not associated with surgical outcomes.

Olson, Patrick R.; Lurie, Jon D.; Frymoyer, John; Walsh, Thomas; Zhao, Wenyan; Abdu, William A.; Weinstein, James N.

2011-01-01

75

Outcomes Assessment in Veterinary Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine's use of outcomes assessment (OA) as part of the accreditation review process for the American Veterinary Medical Association. Discusses its nine OA survey instruments and use of resulting data during accreditation. (EV)

Black, Leslie S.; Turnwald, Grant H.; Meldrum, James B.

2002-01-01

76

Educational Cartography: Mapping the Learning Outcomes Frontier.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a philosophy and outlines a process that enables institutions to sustain their values while providing evidence of their effectiveness. States that by shifting institutional focus to documentation of student achievement, institutions create a framework to convert implied learning assumptions into explicit learning outcomes. Asserts that…

Baker, Ronald L.

2001-01-01

77

The Development of NOAA Education Common Outcome Performance Measures (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Education Council has embarked on an ambitious Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) project that will allow it to assess education program outcomes and impacts across the agency, line offices, and programs. The purpose of this internal effort is to link outcome measures to program efforts and to evaluate the success of the agency's education programs in meeting the strategic goals. Using an outcome-based evaluation approach, the NOAA Education Council is developing two sets of common outcome performance measures, environmental stewardship and professional development. This presentation will examine the benefits and tradeoffs of common outcome performance measures that collect program results across a portfolio of education programs focused on common outcomes. Common outcome performance measures have a few benefits to our agency and to the climate education field at large. The primary benefit is shared understanding, which comes from our process for writing common outcome performance measures. Without a shared and agreed upon set of definitions for the measure of an outcome, the reported results may not be measuring the same things and would incorrectly indicate levels of performance. Therefore, our writing process relies on a commitment to developing a shared set of definitions based on consensus. We hope that by taking the time to debate and coming to agreement across a diverse set of programs, the strength of our common measures can indicate real progress towards outcomes we care about. An additional benefit is that these common measures can be adopted and adapted by other agencies and organizations that share similar theories of change. The measures are not without their drawbacks, and we do make tradeoffs as part of our process in order to continue making progress. We know that any measure is necessarily a narrow slice of performance. A slice that may not best represent the unique and remarkable contribution of an individual program, but does reflect a variety of contributions along a single dimension across a large portfolio of programs. The process has ended up pushing our working group to call for even more measures, to capture an increasing number of dimensions that reflect the nature of the portfolio of programs. This past year we have been working on developing two sets of common outcome performance measures for professional development (PD) and stewardship education programs. The outcome we chose for PD programs was the use of what was learned in the educator's practice. The outcome we chose for stewardship programs was the stewardship behaviors that participants learn and practice. The measurement of these outcomes will inform whether our strategies are having their intended impact. By knowing how and how much these outcomes are occurring as a result of our program, we can improve program performance over time. The common outcome performance measures help demonstrate how these programs engage audiences in supporting NOAA's mission. As AGU climate literacy community continues to grow, it is important to consider an approach to demonstrate the community's contribution to the Nation's climate literacy. Development of common outcome performance measures is one approach that could help focus the community in meeting its goals.

Baek, J.

2013-12-01

78

Identifying, Measuring, and Defining Equitable Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many scholars have studied the problem of persistent inequitable educational opportunities and outcomes in the U.S. They have presented analyses of the causes of these inequities and proposed solutions ranging from increasing school funding to studying participation structures in classrooms. This dissertation takes the perspective that inequities…

Goffney, Imani Dominique

2010-01-01

79

K-12 Educational Outcomes of Immigrant Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth Lopez Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across…

Crosnoe, Robert; Turley, Ruth N. Lopez

2011-01-01

80

The Effects of Technology on Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A long-standing question in educational research and policy discussion turns on whether technology-based instruction can improve academic performance. Finding a convincing answer to this question is important because school systems across the country have invested and continue to invest very large sums on new instructional hardware and software.…

Strickland, LaVada A.

2011-01-01

81

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much vaunted…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

82

Does a woman's educational attainment influence in vitro fertilization outcomes?  

PubMed

The association between educational level and cycle outcomes was quantified by applying multivariable logistic and linear regression within a prospective cohort of 2,569 women commencing their first in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. Although a woman's educational attainment was not associated with the likelihood of implantation failure, chemical pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, or live birth, the odds of cycle cancellation before egg retrieval were 40% lower among those with an college degree and 48% lower among those with graduate school attendance compared with women who had no college degree, suggesting that educational attainment is inversely associated with the likelihood of cycle cancellation. PMID:21601850

Mahalingaiah, Shruthi; Berry, Katharine F; Hornstein, Mark D; Cramer, Daniel W; Missmer, Stacey A

2011-06-30

83

Does a woman's educational attainment influence in vitro fertilization outcomes?  

PubMed Central

The association between educational level and cycle outcomes was quantified by applying multivariable logistic and linear regression within a prospective cohort of 2,569 women commencing their first in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. Although a woman’s educational attainment was not associated with the likelihood of implantation failure, chemical pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, or live birth, the odds of cycle cancellation before egg retrieval were 40% lower among those with an college degree and 48% lower among those with graduate school attendance compared with women who had no college degree, suggesting that educational attainment is inversely associated with the likelihood of cycle cancellation.

Mahalingaiah, Shruthi; Berry, Katharine F.; Hornstein, Mark D.; Cramer, Daniel W.; Missmer, Stacey A.

2014-01-01

84

The Impact of Chile's School Feeding Program on Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chile operates one of the oldest and largest school feeding programs in Latin America, targeting higher-calorie meals to relatively poorer schools. This paper evaluates the impact of higher-calorie meals on the education outcomes of public, rural schools and their students. It applies a regression-discontinuity design to administrative data,…

McEwan, Patrick J.

2013-01-01

85

Learning Outcomes for Sustainable Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper sets out to discuss the commonalities that can be found in learning outcomes (LOs) for education for sustainable development in the context of the Tbilisi and Barcelona declarations. The commonalities include systemic or holistic thinking, the integration of different perspectives, skills such as critical thinking, change agent…

Svanstrom, Magdalena; Lozano-Garcia, Francisco J.; Rowe, Debra

2008-01-01

86

Migration, Remittances and Educational Outcomes: The Case of Haiti  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper empirically investigates how migration and the receipt of remittances affect educational outcomes in Haiti. Based on a theoretical approach it tries to disentangle the effects of both phenomena that have mostly been jointly modeled in previous literature. The results suggest that remittances play an important role for poor households in…

Bredl, Sebastian

2011-01-01

87

Engineering Graphics Educational Outcomes for the Global Engineer: An Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the formulation of educational outcomes for engineering graphics that span the global enterprise. Results of two repeated faculty surveys indicate that new computer graphics tools and techniques are now the preferred mode of engineering graphical communication. Specifically, 3-D computer modeling, assembly modeling, and model…

Barr, R. E.

2012-01-01

88

High Success in Mathematics through Outcome-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to implement the principles of Outcome-Based Education (OBE) in the "Fort McMurray (Alberta, Canada) Roman Catholic Separate School District (RCSSD) No. 32" and to collect data related to student achievement, responsibility, and attitudes in mathematics to help assess the effects of the implementation. This report…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Planning and Policy Secretariat.

89

Measuring Learning Outcomes in Higher Education: Motivation Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the pressing need for accountability in higher education, standardized outcomes assessments have been widely used to evaluate learning and inform policy. However, the critical question on how scores are influenced by students' motivation has been insufficiently addressed. Using random assignment, we administered a multiple-choice test and an…

Liu, Ou Lydia; Bridgeman, Brent; Adler, Rachel M.

2012-01-01

90

Educational Quality and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Bogota, Colombia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of the relationship of several measures of educational quality to labor market outcomes among 4,000 workers in Bogota, Colombia. Finds that the score on university entrance examinations and the university's prestige have a significant positive impact on the earnings and occupational status of adults. (CFR)

Psacharopoulos, George; Velez, Eduardo

1993-01-01

91

Migrants' children and education in Greece: Gender and academic outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first part of this paper the presence of migrants' children in the greek educational system is in the question. In the second part the focus will be on the role of gender in migrant's students academic outcomes. The last decades after 1990, the school population in Greece changes considerably due to the immigration flows. The data that we

Maria Prelorenzou

92

Outcomes of a Genetics Education Program for Nursing Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summer institutes with follow-up continuing education sought to increase nursing faculty's knowledge and teaching of genetics. Outcome measures following four summer institutes (n=126) revealed significant improvements in genetics knowledge, increased genetics content in curricula, and development of new elective genetics courses. (Contains 22…

Prows, Cynthia A.; Hetteberg, Carol; Johnson, Nancy; Latta, Kathy; Lovell, Anne; Saal, Howard M.; Warren, Nancy Steinberg

2003-01-01

93

Outcome Assessment and Evaluation of Engineering Education at Kuwait University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial stages of development and implementation of assessment plans for engineering programs at Kuwait University have been completed. The plans include a structured process that translates educational objectives into measurable outcomes at the program and course levels, necessary assessment instruments, and feedback channels for corrective action. This paper presents the experience in developing such plans.

Andreas P. Christoforou; Mohammad D. Al-Ansary; Ahmet S. Yigit; Aziz Tayfun; Adel A. Aly; Haitham Lababidi; Faridah Ali; Ibrahim S. Nashawi; Mohamed Zribi

94

The Influence of Sexual Identity on Higher Education Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research empirically explores how sexual identity influences higher education outcomes for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) college students. A path model was constructed with structural equation modeling using responses from 1,125 non-heterosexual college students. The model includes four psychological variables (level of sexual…

Sorgen, Carl H., IV.

2011-01-01

95

Migration, remittances and educational outcomes: The case of Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically investigates how migration and the receipt of remittances affect educational outcomes in Haiti. Based on a theoretical approach it tries to disentangle the effects of both phenomena that have mostly been jointly modeled in previous literature. The results suggest that remittances play an important role for poor households in alleviating budget constraints. Household wealth, captured via an

Sebastian Bredl

2011-01-01

96

Migration, remittances and educational outcomes: The case of Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the Cox proportional hazards model this paper empirically investigates how migration of household members and the receipt of remittances affect educational outcomes in Haiti. Based on a theoretical approach it tries to disentangle the effects of both phenomena that have mostly been jointly modeled in previous literature. The results suggest that remittances play an important role for poor households

Sebastian Bredl

2009-01-01

97

Outcome-Based Instructional Systems: Primer and Practice. Education Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outcome-Based Instructional Systems approach is a comprehensive design for teaching and learning and instructional management that has its roots in the mastery learning and competency-based education movements of the early 1970s and has been implemented in hundreds of schools and districts across the country. The first part of this brief…

Murphy, Carol, Ed.

98

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Student Outcomes, 2006. Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information regarding the training outcomes for students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) during 2005. The findings presented relate to students who are awarded a qualification (graduates), or who successfully complete part of a course and then leave the VET system (module completers). This…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2006

2006-01-01

99

The Constant Error of the Halo in Educational Outcomes Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests correlations between student gains and college experiences may be an artifact of halo effect. A study examined whether halo error underlies students' self-reported gains, significance of the error, and its effect on the relationship between college experiences and educational outcomes. Results confirm halo error may be an…

Pike, Gary R.

1999-01-01

100

Assessing Sociology Educational Outcomes: Occupational Status and Mobility of Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on first and current occupations of sociology majors in order to assess education outcomes in the field. Earnings of males and females, graduate degree status and income, changes in prestige, and choice of graduate program are explored. Implications for the teaching of sociology are discussed. (KO)

Watts, W. David; Ellis, Ann Marie

1989-01-01

101

Corruption and Educational Outcomes: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corruption is a problem that continues to plague developed and developing countries worldwide. Previous studies have explored the negative implications of corruption on several aspects of human development, but, despite its serious and long-lasting consequences, the impact of corruption on educational outcomes has started to receive attention only…

Huang, Francis Lim

2008-01-01

102

Public university entry in Ghana: Is it equitable?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public universities in Ghana are highly subsidised by the central government and account for about 80 per cent of university students in the country. Yet issues of fairness in terms of entry into the public university system have so far hardly been addressed. To find out whether participation in public university education is equitable, the authors of this paper carried out a binary logistic regression analysis. Individual data were collected from 1,129 (614 male and 515 female) final year senior high school (SHS) students for the 2009 cohort. The authors measured student, father and mother characteristics likely to influence admission to a public university. The results show that the major predictors of public university entry are students' academic ability, quality of SHS attended and number of siblings. This seems to suggest that there is a significant bias in the selection of students from different socio-economic groups for admission to highly subsidised public universities. The implication is that public financing of university education in Ghana may not be equitable.

Yusif, Hadrat; Yussof, Ishak; Osman, Zulkifly

2013-06-01

103

Partnering with diabetes educators to improve patient outcomes  

PubMed Central

Diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that affects millions worldwide. The paradigm of diabetes management has shifted to focus on empowering the person with diabetes to manage the disease successfully and to improve their quality of life. Diabetes self-management education is a collaborative process through which people with diabetes gain the knowledge and skills needed to modify their behavior and to self-manage successfully the disease and its related conditions. Diabetes educators are health care professionals who apply in-depth knowledge and skills in the biological and social sciences, communication, counseling, and pedagogy to enable patients to manage daily and future challenges. Diabetes educators are integral in providing individualized education and promoting behavior change, using a framework of seven self-care behaviors known as the AADE7 Self-Care Behaviors™, developed by the American Association of Diabetes Educators. The iterative process of promoting behavior change includes assessment, goal setting, planning, implementation, evaluation, and documentation. Diabetes educators work as part of the patient’s health care team to engage with the patient in informed, shared decision making. The increasing prevalence of diabetes and the growing focus on its prevention require strategies for providing people with knowledge, skills, and strategies they need and can use. The diabetes educator is the logical facilitator of change. Access to diabetes education is critically important; incorporating diabetes educators into more and varied practice settings will serve to improve clinical and quality of life outcomes for persons with diabetes.

Burke, Sandra D; Sherr, Dawn; Lipman, Ruth D

2014-01-01

104

20 CFR 222.34 - Relationship resulting from equitable adoption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...true Relationship resulting from equitable adoption. 222.34 Section 222.34 Employees...34 Relationship resulting from equitable adoption. In many States, where a legal adoption proceeding was defective under State...

2013-04-01

105

Assessing outcomes of industrial hygiene graduate education.  

PubMed

To ensure that industrial hygiene professionals continue to be prepared for current and future trends, it is important to regularly assess the value of their education. Described here are the results of discussions with employers and a mailed survey of graduates. Comparisons are made with past mailed surveys of both groups. Two sets of discussions were held in late 2005 with employers of industrial hygienists and other health and safety professionals. Twenty-eight participants were asked to discuss current and future needs for professionals in their organization and economic sector, their expectations for knowledge and skills when hiring professionals, methods for finding and hiring, and the importance of ABET accreditation. At the same time, a survey was mailed to 71 industrial hygiene students graduating in the last 15 years. Respondents were asked to rank the value of and their proficiency in 42 competencies. Questions also assessed employment experience, certification, the importance of ABET accreditation, and demographic characteristics. There was a lot of agreement between the two stakeholder groups (employers and graduates) about the most important skill and knowledge areas. Most employers identified communicating effectively and exposure assessment among the most important skills, with designing and initiating research as among the least. Hazard recognition, exposure measurement principles, and personal protective equipment were the most highly ranked knowledge areas. Employers discussed the need for good "business skills" such as teamwork, communication, and project management, and the importance of problem-solving skills. Graduates reported that skills in the areas of recognition, evaluation, and control were most valuable in their first jobs and generally reported high levels of proficiency in these skill areas. There was a similar dichotomy in opinions about accreditation within each stakeholder group. The reputation of the academic program was important when making hiring decisions; accreditation became an important factor only when a program's reputation was not known. Graduates strongly supported ongoing accreditation but did not apply or attend on the basis of accreditation. PMID:19204864

Brosseau, Lisa; Fredrickson, Ann

2009-05-01

106

Student Identification with Business Education Models: Measurement and Relationship to Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although management scholars have provided a variety of metaphors to describe the role of students in management courses, researchers have yet to explore students' identification with the models and how they are linked to educational outcomes. This article develops a measurement tool for students' identification with business education models and…

Halbesleben, Jonathon R. B.; Wheeler, Anthony R.

2009-01-01

107

Education Outcomes and Poverty: A Reassessment. Education, Poverty and International Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do we know about the outcomes of education in developing countries? Where are the gaps in our knowledge, and why are they important to fill? What are the policy challenges that underlie these knowledge gaps, and how can education best contribute to eliminating the problem of widespread poverty in the developing world? This book arises out of…

Colclough, Christopher, Ed.

2012-01-01

108

48 CFR 552.243-71 - Equitable Adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...entitlement to an equitable adjustment, including increases...direct costs: (1) Material cost broken down by...negotiation of an equitable adjustment is completed, the...decreasing the contract price by an amount to be determined...agree to an equitable adjustment, the Contracting...

2013-10-01

109

Leveling the Playing Field: Preparing Teachers for Equitable Instruction in Diverse, Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite greater responsibility for creating equitable and inclusive classroom models, some research suggests that educators "may not have the necessary attitudes, dispositions, or perhaps more important, the professional skills to successfully instruct students in diverse, inclusive classrooms" (Van Laarhoven, Munk, Lynch, Bosman & Rouse, 2007, p.…

Eva, Amy L.; Walker, Bridget

2010-01-01

110

School Practices for Equitable Discipline of African American Students. ERIC Digest Number 166.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools employ varied strategies to ensure equitable treatment of African American students and fair and educative disciplinary procedures. This digest reviews successful disciplinary practices. Cross-cultural competence has a role in student-school relationships. Many negative perceptions of difference exist in today's society. Schools can…

Schwartz, Wendy, Ed.

111

Heart to Heart: Using Heart Rate Telemetry to Meet Physical Education Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a foundation for establishing measurable physical education outcomes, demonstrating how heart rate telemetry can help measure and achieve such outcomes. After explaining heart rate telemetry function, the article examines student and teacher outcomes that could be included in school physical education outcomes and achieved using heart…

Deal, Tami Benham; Deal, Laurence O.

1995-01-01

112

Generating Outcome Measurements: Economic and Societal. A Guide to Educational Outcomes Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministires, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with generating outcome measurements:…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

113

Medical specialty boards can help measure graduate medical education outcomes.  

PubMed

U.S. graduate medical education (GME) training institutions are under increasing scrutiny to measure program outcomes as a demonstration of accountability for the sizeable funding they receive from the federal government. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a potential agent of measuring GME accountability but has no interaction with physicians after residency training is completed. American Board of Medical Specialty (ABMS) member boards interact with physicians throughout their careers through maintenance of certification (MOC) and are a potential source of valuable data on physician competency and quality of care, both of which could be used to measure GME accountability.The authors propose that ABMS boards and the ACGME deepen their existing relationship to better assess residency training outcomes. ABMS boards have a wealth of data on physicians collected as a by-product of MOC and business operations. Further, many ABMS boards collect practice demographics and scope-of-practice information through MOC enrollment surveys or recertification examination questionnaires. These data are potentially valuable in helping residencies know what their graduates are doing in practice. Part 4 of MOC generally involves assessment of the quality of care delivered in practice, and ABMS boards could share these deidentified data with the ACGME and residency programs to provide direct feedback on the practice outcomes of graduates.ABMS member boards and the ACGME should broaden their long-standing relationship to further develop shared roles and data-sharing mechanisms to better inform residencies and the public about GME training outcomes. PMID:24871232

Peterson, Lars E; Carek, Peter; Holmboe, Eric S; Puffer, James C; Warm, Eric J; Phillips, Robert L

2014-06-01

114

Linkages between Total Quality Management and the Outcomes-Based Approach in an Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Africa has embarked on a process of education renewal by adopting outcomes-based education (OBE). This paper focuses on the linkages between total quality management (TQM) and the outcomes-based approach in an education context. Quality assurance in academic programmes in higher education in South Africa is, in some instances, based on the…

de Jager, H. J.; Nieuwenhuis, F. J.

2005-01-01

115

Educational outcomes necessary to enter pharmacy residency training.  

PubMed

It is the position of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) that formal postgraduate residency training, or equivalent experience, is required to enter direct patient care practice. Therefore, it is important to align professional degree educational outcomes with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to enter residency training. This position statement addresses the outcomes necessary in the professional degree program curriculum to ensure the ability of pharmacy graduates to transition effectively into postgraduate year one residency training. Five key outcome areas are identified: communication, direct patient care, professionalism, research, and practice management. The position statement examines how performance in each of the five outcome areas should be addressed by professional degree programs. The ACCP believes that for the student to achieve the clinical proficiency necessary to enter residency training, the professional degree program should emphasize, assess, and provide adequate opportunities for students to practice: communication with patients, caregivers, and members of the health care team in direct patient care environments; provision of direct patient care in a wide variety of practice settings, especially those involving patient-centered, team-based care; professionalism under the supervision and guidance of faculty and preceptors who model and teach the traits of a health care professional; application of principles of research that engender an appreciation for the role of research and scholarship in one's professional development; and application of practice management, including documentation of direct patient care activities that affect drug-related outcomes. PMID:24753155

Hester, Elizabeth Kelly; McBane, Sarah E; Bottorff, Michael B; Carnes, Tristan A; Dell, Kamila; Gonyeau, Michael J; Greco, Angelo J; McConnell, Karen J; Skaar, Debra J; Splinter, Michele Y; Trujillo, Toby C

2014-04-01

116

Consequences of family disruption on children's educational outcomes in Norway.  

PubMed

Using high-quality data from Norwegian population registers, we examine the relationship between family disruption and children's educational outcomes. We distinguish between disruptions caused by parental divorce and paternal death and, using a simultaneous equation model, pay particular attention to selection bias in the effect of divorce. We also allow for the possibility that disruption may have different effects at different stages of a child's educational career. Our results suggest that selection on time-invariant maternal characteristics is important and works to overstate the effects of divorce on a child's chances of continuing in education. Nevertheless, the experience of marital breakdown during childhood is associated with lower levels of education, and the effect weakens with the child's age at disruption. The effects of divorce are most pronounced for the transitions during or just beyond the high school level. In models that do not allow for selection, children who experienced a father's death appear less disadvantaged than children whose parents divorced. After we control for selection, however differences in the educational qualifications of children from divorced and bereaved families narrow substantially and, at mean ages of divorce, are almost non-existent. PMID:19771944

Steele, Fiona; Sigle-Rushton, Wendy; Kravdal, Øystein

2009-08-01

117

Outcome-Based Education: Its Relevance to State and National Decision Making. Synthesis Report 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on identifying education outcomes for students with disabilities proposes a framework for applying an outcome-based approach throughout the education system, by looking at the needs of the three major levels of the system (local, state, and national); defining different uses for the term "outcome" in order to achieve consensus and…

Massanari, Carol B.

118

The impact of internal migration on educational outcomes: Evidence from Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to the relation between the inflows of immigrants and educational outcomes that are found in immigration studies, the spatial distribution of internal migrants within a given country also may influence educational outcomes, at least in the short run. This could be particularly true in Turkey, where inter-provincial mobility is high and where striking differences in educational resources and therefore

Ali Berker

2009-01-01

119

Improving Education Outcomes in the Slovak Republic. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 578  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving education outcomes is vital for achieving convergence with GDP per capita levels in Western European countries and for reducing income inequality. While some education outcomes are favourable, such as the low secondary-school drop-out rate, others have room for improvement: education achievement is below the OECD average and strongly…

Carey, David

2007-01-01

120

Technology and the Environment--Establishing Student Outcome Objectives [and] Resources for Developing Technology Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Karian and Stahl suggest that establishing clear student outcome objectives will clarify the study of the environmental impact of technology. McCade presents resources to help educators develop a technology education curriculum with examples and an action plan. (JOW)

Karian, Michael E.; And Others

1995-01-01

121

Generating Outcome Measurements: Achievement and Attitudes. A Guide to Educational Outcome Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministries, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with how to obtain information on…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

122

Audit of the Kentucky State Police's Equitable Sharing Program Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of the Inspector General, Audit Division, has completed an audit of the use of DOJ equitable sharing revenues by the Kentucky State Police (KSP). Equitable sharing revenues represent a share of the proceeds fro...

2012-01-01

123

What Did You Do All Day? Maternal Education and Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does maternal education have an impact on children's educational outcomes even at the very low levels found in many developing countries? We use instrumental variables analysis to address this issue in Pakistan. We find that children of mothers with some education spend 72 more minutes per day on educational activities at home. Mothers with some…

Andrabi, Tahir; Das, Jishnu; Khwaja, Asim Ijaz

2012-01-01

124

Measuring alternative learning outcomes: dispositions to study in higher education.  

PubMed

In this paper we describe the validation of two scales constructed to measure pre-university students' changing disposition (i) to enter Higher Education (HE) and (ii) to further study mathematically-demanding subjects. Items were selected drawing on interview data, and on a model of disposition as socially- as well as self- attributed. Rasch analyses showed that the two scales each produce robust one-dimensional measures on what we call a 'strength of commitment to enter HE' and 'disposition to study mathematically-demanding subjects further' respectively. However, the former scale was initially found to suffer psychometrically from a ceiling effect, which we 'corrected' by adding some harder items at a later data point, and revised the scale according to our interpretation of subsequent results. We finally discuss the potential significance of the constructed measures of learning outcomes, as variables in monitoring or even explaining students' progress into different subjects in HE. PMID:23816596

Pampaka, Maria; Williams, Julian; Hutcheson, Graeme; Black, Laura; Davis, Pauline; Hernandez-Martinez, Paul; Wake, Geoff

2013-01-01

125

Evaluating outcomes of community-based cancer education interventions: a 10-year review of studies.  

PubMed

The public is encouraged to participate in cancer education programs because it is believed that acquiring health-promoting knowledge will motivate participants to make the recommended, evidence-based behavioral modifications that should lead to reductions in cancer morbidity and mortality. Because of the extended time that elapses between conducting a health education program and the amassing of the scientific evidence needed to establish that an education program has ultimately resulted in a reduction in morbidity and mortality, researchers have sought more proximal and intermediate outcome measures as substitutes for the more distal desired outcomes. This paper presents an analysis of research published in the Journal of Cancer Education from 2000 through 2010, in which the impact of cancer education interventions was evaluated. The focus was to identify the proximal, intermediate, and distal outcome measures used to evaluate the impact of cancer education interventions. The results showed that researchers primarily focus on measuring the varied proximal outcomes (e.g., knowledge and attitude changes) of cancer education interventions. Intermediate outcome measures (the desired behavior change itself) received less attention, while distal outcomes (changes in morbidity and mortality) were never measured. This review gives cancer education researchers a review of the proximal and intermediate outcome measures and strategies that behavioral scientists recently used to overcome the challenges of measuring distal outcomes. Future reviews could expand this analysis to studies published in other journals and health disciplines. PMID:24189833

Booker, Alexandria; Malcarne, Vanessa L; Sadler, Georgia Robins

2014-06-01

126

The Impact of Internal Migration on Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Similar to the relation between the inflows of immigrants and educational outcomes that are found in immigration studies, the spatial distribution of internal migrants within a given country also may influence educational outcomes, at least in the short run. This could be particularly true in Turkey, where inter-provincial mobility is high and…

Berker, Ali

2009-01-01

127

Education determines a nation's health, but what determines educational outcomes? A cross-national comparative analysis.  

PubMed

This study is premised on the notion that public health policy should address not only health itself, but also primary determinants of health. We examined the effect of national policies on educational outcomes, in particular, on adolescent reading literacy (ARL). We compared the effect of traditional policy indicators--national income and educational spending--with income inequality, a measure of redistributive policies. We used Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) data that provide a rare opportunity to test policy effects after accounting for competing individual-, school-, and country-level explanations. Our sample consisted of 119,814 students, 5126 schools, and 24 countries. Multilevel/Hierarchical regression findings were striking: GDP had a significant, but negligible effect on ARL scores (?=0.002, SE=0.0008), while educational spending had no significant effect. By contrast, income inequality exhibited a larger inverse association (?=-1.15, SE=0.57). Among the wealthy nations in OECD, additional economic prosperity and educational spending is trumped by distribution of income for its effect on ARL. Our study yielded a striking result about education, a major determinant of health. Not only is income inequality a significant determinant of ARL scores, but direct spending on education and overall national economic prosperity are not. PMID:22048059

Siddiqi, Arjumand; Kawachi, Ichiro; Berkman, Lisa; Hertzman, Clyde; Subramanian, S V

2012-02-01

128

Using the SAQA Critical Outcomes to Empower Learners and Transform Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using his thirty years of international experience with future-focused Outcomes-Based Education designs and models as a foundation, Dr. Spady describes a five-step process for translating the familiar twelve SAQA "Critical Outcomes" into a compelling life-performance framework of "exit outcomes" that directly empowers learners and genuinely…

Spady, William

2004-01-01

129

Assessing Educational Outcomes in Middle Childhood: Validation of the Teacher Academic Attainment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: Assessing educational outcomes in high-risk populations is crucial for defining long-term outcomes. As standardized tests are costly and time-consuming, we assessed the use of the Teacher Academic Attainment Scale (TAAS) as an outcome measure. Method: Three hundred and forty three children in mainstream schools aged 10 to 11 years (144 males,…

Johnson, Samantha; Marlow, Neil; Wolke, Dieter

2012-01-01

130

A Meta-Analysis of Educational Data Mining on Improvements in Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-synthesis study was conducted of 60 research studies on educational data mining (EDM) and their impacts on and outcomes for improving learning outcomes. After an overview, an examination of these outcomes is provided (Romero, Ventura, Espejo, & Hervas, 2008; Romero, "et al.", 2011). Then, a review of other EDM-related research…

AlShammari, Iqbal A.; Aldhafiri, Mohammed D.; Al-Shammari, Zaid

2013-01-01

131

Does Family Structure Affect Children's Educational Outcomes? NBER Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines correlations between children's educational outcomes and family structure. Although popular discussions focus on distinctions between two-parent and single-parent families, earlier research shows that outcomes for stepchildren are similar to outcomes for children in single-parent families, and earlier researchers suggested that…

Pollak, Robert A.; Ginther, Donna K.

132

Construction of Engineering Education Program based on the Alumni's Evaluation of the Educational Outcome  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering in Toyota National College of Technology has put great emphasis on fundamental subjects, such as “electrical and electronic circuit" and “electromagnetism" more than 40 years. On the other hand, several issues of our college were clarified by the alumni's evaluation of the educational outcome in 2002. The most serious issue was low achievement of English and Social education. The alumni of all generation are dissatisfied with their low skill in English communication. As a part of the educational reforms, our department has constructed a new engineering education program focusing on fundamental ability. We introduced many problem-based-learning experiments and the compulsory subjects such as “English communication for electrical engineers" and “Engineering Ethics" into this program. Great educative results are obtained by these improvements. As a typical example, the scores of all 2nd grade students of advanced engineering course in TOEIC tests became 450 points or more. Our program has been authorized by JABEE since 2004.

Tsukamoto, Takehiko; Nishizawa, Hitoshi

133

Successful Schooling for All: A Primer on Outcome-Based Education and Mastery Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection brings together writings on two powerful approaches to education, outcome-based education (OBE) and mastery learning. OBE is about refocusing on the people in the educational system and their success in achieving excellence as learners and teachers. The following papers are included: (1) "Toward a Network Description of…

Gray, I. Lee, Ed.; Hymel, Glenn M., Ed.

134

Aboriginal Post-Secondary Education and Labour Market Outcomes: Canada, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents data from the 1996 Census of Canada concerning educational attainment, educational success, and labor market outcomes among Aboriginal people and others in Canada. There has been clear educational progress among registered Indians over the past decade, particularly in high school completion and postsecondary participation.…

Hull, Jeremy

135

Longer-Term Outcomes for Individuals Completing Vocational Education and Training Qualifications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The longer-term employment and training outcomes of enrollment in vocational education and training (VET) were examined. The study analyzed data from the 1993 "Survey of Training and Education Experience" (STE) and the 1997 "Survey of Education and Training Experience" (SET) which were conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics to collect…

Ryan, Chris

136

Model Learner Outcomes for Health Education. A Mission toward Healthy People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a structure within which teaching staff can improve students' learning experiences and predict specific learner outcomes in health education. The material is presented in four chapters followed by an appendix. Chapters 1-3 examine the system's values, learner values, philosophy of education, mission for public education and…

Wandberg, Robert; And Others

137

Developing Preservice Teachers' Expertise in Equitable Assessment for English Learners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study illustrated a pathway of growth that a preservice teacher might traverse when learning to use and develop equitable assessments (EA). The study is rare in that it looks at the development of preservice teachers' understanding and ability to design EA. I examined the understanding and implementation of EA of 23 secondary preservice teachers within two classes. The methods classes focused on the academic content area of science. Participants' journals, teaching philosophies, and inquiry-based science units served as data sources. Participants progressed from a simple view of EA as "fairness" to a more sophisticated view of EA, including: ways to increase fairness, the importance of challenging students, and using assessments for learning. Results also showed changes in preservice teachers' views of learners and the purpose of assessment. While understanding developed robustly, teachers' assessment plans in their units were not as strong. Teacher education programs need to place more emphasis on developing critical understanding of EA practices to meet the needs of diverse learners.

Siegel, Marcelle A.

2014-04-01

138

Delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care in India.  

PubMed

The delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care is one of India's greatest public health challenges. Public expenditure on cancer in India remains below US$10 per person (compared with more than US$100 per person in high-income countries), and overall public expenditure on health care is still only slightly above 1% of gross domestic product. Out-of-pocket payments, which account for more than three-quarters of cancer expenditures in India, are one of the greatest threats to patients and families, and a cancer diagnosis is increasingly responsible for catastrophic expenditures that negatively affect not only the patient but also the welfare and education of several generations of their family. We explore the complex nature of cancer care systems across India, from state to government levels, and address the crucial issues of infrastructure, manpower shortages, and the pressing need to develop cross-state solutions to prevention and early detection of cancer, in addition to governance of the largely unregulated private sector and the cost of new technologies and drugs. We discuss the role of public insurance schemes, the need to develop new political mandates and authority to set priorities, the necessity to greatly improve the quality of care, and the drive to understand and deliver cost-effective cancer care programmes. PMID:24731888

Pramesh, C S; Badwe, Rajendra A; Borthakur, Bibhuti B; Chandra, Madhu; Raj, Elluswami Hemanth; Kannan, T; Kalwar, Ashok; Kapoor, Sanjay; Malhotra, Hemant; Nayak, Sukdev; Rath, Goura K; Sagar, T G; Sebastian, Paul; Sarin, Rajiv; Shanta, V; Sharma, Suresh C; Shukla, Shilin; Vijayakumar, Manavalan; Vijaykumar, D K; Aggarwal, Ajay; Purushotham, Arnie; Sullivan, Richard

2014-05-01

139

26 CFR 1.6015-4 - Equitable relief.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the discretion to grant equitable relief from joint and several liability to a requesting spouse when, considering all of the facts and circumstances, it would be inequitable to hold the requesting spouse jointly and severally liable. (b) This...

2011-04-01

140

The Value of Equitable Redemption in Commercial Mortgage Contracting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Equitable redemption is a feature of all common law mortgages that allows a borrower a chance to “redeem” the real estate\\u000a in the event of default. What is puzzling is that equitable redemption is universally enforced in all mortgages, including\\u000a commercial mortgages. The purpose of this study is to understand if there might be conditions under which the universal enforcement

Lynn M. Fisher; Abdullah Yavas

2007-01-01

141

District variations in educational resources and student outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970s, poorer school districts lacking educational resources have formed coalitions and sued their respective states. Their lawsuits claim that interdistrict variations in educational resources violate state constitutions because they deny poorer school districts an equal educational opportunity. Using data from school districts in Virginia, this research investigates two questions. First, whether a school district's level of educational resources

James D. Unnever; Allan C. Kerckhoff; Timothy J. Robinson

2000-01-01

142

EDITORIAL: The outcomes of an education in physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Honorary Editor Readers should now be fully aware that both The Institute of Physics and the Association for Science Education (ASE) are encouraging members to think hard about what they would like to see in the revised National Curriculum for science. The story of curriculum development in science for the past ten years has been of grand national initiatives which have concentrated, in science at least, on the content of what is taught rather than on the ways in which it might be taught - or how it is learnt. The initiatives have been `top-down', with usually rather hurried `consultation' with no attempt to weigh the value of responses. For example, in deciding upon a common core for A-level physics the Institute of Biology was given as much weighting as the Institute of Physics. What students thought seemed to be irrelevant. But chickens come home to roost, horses led to water don't always drink, and it seems that compelling all children to study physics as part of a science course has not had the effect of making them fall in love with subject and opt to study more of it after age 16. Physics is a growing subject, in terms of what it now covers, as the increase in the number of journal titles over recent years shows. These show that it is also more and more a fragmented subject, and the practitioners of different fragments will have different views on what constitutes a foundation core for further studies. And, of course, fewer than 10% of students at one educational level choose to take the subject in the next. I conclude from this that what physics young people study between age 11 and age 16 doesn't matter as much as the writers of the National Curriculum supposed. We would like to get young people interested in physics (or better, interested by physics) and to develop positive feelings about physics and what physicists do, based on a feeling of success in studying the subject. Different students should be given opportunities to gain satisfaction in different ways; some via linking physics to everyday life, some via the way real people have developed and are developing the ideas and artefacts of physics and technology, some via the sheer pleasure of handling difficult ideas and mathematical models. And so on. It may be that we should start looking at the outcomes of a physics course less (or not only) in terms of the knowledge and understanding that examinations test but also in terms of what the students think and feel about the time they have spent at our disposal. I suggest that a successful physics course should have the following certifiable outcomes for all students (within reason!), who should be able to say, as a minimum: I enjoyed learning physics. I understood quite a lot of it. I can use my understanding of physics to make some sense of the way things are and how things work. I could learn more physics if I had to.... ... and I know how I can find things out by myself when I do need to learn something new. I guess that this might even apply to PhD students. Ken Dobson Honorary Editor

Dobson, Ken

1998-01-01

143

Psychosocial Adjustment and Educational Outcome in Adolescents with a Childhood Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo conduct a retrospective follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and educational outcome in adolescents with a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and a group of clinical controls.

JULIE M. WILSON; ANN C. MARCOTTE

1996-01-01

144

Learning Outcome Objectives: A Critical Tool in Learner-Centered Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning outcomes for continuing medical education should be derived from learner perspectives. Concise, clear objectives assist learners in selecting appropriate learning activities, structuring learning experiences, and determining what has been learned. (SK)

Houlden, Robyn L.; Collier, Christine P.

1999-01-01

145

A Review of Rational-Emotive Education Outcome Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined research studies to determine the efficacy of rational-emotive education (REE), the educational derivation of rational-emotive therapy, with various populations of school-aged children (non-clinical; learning disabled; \\

Darko J. Hajzler; Michael E. Bernard

1991-01-01

146

The consequences of central examinations on educational quality standards and labour market outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central examinations—that is, centrally set and marked exams—have often been discussed as an instrument for improving educational outcomes. The aim of our study was to determine whether central exams have an impact not only on educational but also on labour market outcomes. We explain school quality choice through the incentives created by central exams vs. non?central exams and model the

Stephan Veen

2008-01-01

147

Does parent education moderate relations between low birth weight and child cognitive development outcomes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using baseline and 3-year data from The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examined the potential for mothers' and fathers' education to buffer at-risk and low birth weight (LBW) children from poor cognitive development outcomes at age 3. Findings suggest that mothers' and fathers' education may both buffer at-risk children from poor cognitive development outcomes, although in different ways.

Bharathi J. Zvara; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan

2010-01-01

148

Assistive Technology Outcomes in a Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a comprehensive assistive technology (AT) teacher preparation model designed to address both general education and special education or early childhood education students. National technology standards provide the context for the model that incorporates (a) an innovative component, consisting of web-based modules and…

Wojcik, Brian W.; Peterson-Karlan, George; Watts, Emily H.; Parette, Phil

2004-01-01

149

Oregon's Quality Education Model: Linking Adequacy and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development of the Oregon Quality Education model, an adequacy-funding model. Explores the rationale behind its development as well as the political and economic realities policymakers face in attempting to determine how much money Oregon's schools would need to meet state education reform goals and provide a quality education to all…

Conley, David T.; Picus, Lawrence O.

2003-01-01

150

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010: Process and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010 was conducted to update the competencies model for entry- and advanced-level health educators. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Structured interviews, focus groups, and a modified Delphi technique were implemented to engage 59 health educators from diverse work settings and experience…

Doyle, Eva I.; Caro, Carla M.; Lysoby, Linda; Auld, M. Elaine; Smith, Becky J.; Muenzen, Patricia M.

2012-01-01

151

Nephrology training in the 21st century: toward outcomes-based education.  

PubMed

Twentieth century postgraduate nephrology training evolved from an apprenticeship model to a defined period in formal fellowship. Subsequently, curriculum content taught by an engaged faculty, including broad clinical exposure, literature review, and investigative experience, established the benchmark of quality education. Self-directed study by the trainee was emphasized, and competence to practice nephrology was presumed in part on the basis of adequate exposure to a program's curriculum. At the close of the century, multiple accreditation bodies of medical education questioned the validity of this educational process in medical training. As a result, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education instituted 6 general competencies as the foundation of an outcomes-based education philosophy. Although some disciplines have developed an evidence base for educational techniques directed at outcomes, nephrology has few publications in this arena and these principally address curriculum structure. Interventional nephrology is a recent exception. In this area of training, publications have appeared linking educational process with learner outcome. Opportunities are abundant to implement and study new educational techniques, including simulation and e-learning. To keep pace with contemporary medical education philosophy, the nephrology education community is challenged to apply evidence-based education techniques to the training of 21st century nephrologists. PMID:20418002

Parker, Mark G

2010-07-01

152

Young Adult Educational and Vocational Outcomes of Children Diagnosed with ADHD  

PubMed Central

Decreased success at work and educational attainment by adulthood are of concern for children with ADHD given their widely documented academic difficulties; however there are few studies that have examined this empirically and even fewer that have studied predictors and individual variability of these outcomes. The current study compares young adults with and without a childhood diagnosis of ADHD on educational and occupational outcomes and the predictors of these outcomes. Participants were from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS), a prospective study with yearly data collection. Significant group differences were found for nearly all variables such that educational and occupational attainment was lower for adults with compared to adults without histories of childhood ADHD. Despite the mean difference, educational functioning was wide-ranging. High school academic achievement significantly predicted enrollment in post-high school education and academic and disciplinary problems mediated the relationship between childhood ADHD and post-high school education. Interestingly, ADHD diagnosis and disciplinary problems negatively predicted occupational status while enrollment in post-high school education was a positive predictor. Job loss was positively predicted by a higher rate of academic problems and diagnosis of ADHD. This study supports the need for interventions that target the child and adolescent predictors of later educational and occupational outcomes in addition to continuing treatment of ADHD in young adulthood targeting developmentally appropriate milestones, such as completing post-high school education and gaining and maintaining stable employment.

Kuriyan, Aparajita B.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Babinski, Dara E.; Walther, Christine; Cheong, JeeWon; Yu, Jihnhee; Kent, Kristine M.

2012-01-01

153

Ethical Aspects of Outcome Studies in Social, Behavioral, and Educational Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The domain of outcome research is enormous and the consequences weighty. Ethical, practical, and political goals of evaluation have insured a multitude of outcome studies concerning social, behavioral, and educational interventions as well as critiques thereof and descriptions of how to conduct related research. We have a rich literature guiding…

Gambrill, Eileen

2011-01-01

154

Unanticipated Learning Outcomes Associated with Commitment to Change in Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Educator-derived, predetermined instructional objectives are integral to the traditional instructional model and form the linkage between instructional design and postinstruction evaluation. The traditional model does not consider unanticipated learning outcomes. We explored the contribution of learner-identified desired outcomes

Dolcourt, Jack L.; Zuckerman, Grace

2003-01-01

155

A Statistical Model for Misreported Binary Outcomes in Clustered RCTs of Education Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education randomized control trials (RCTs), the misreporting of student outcome data could lead to biased estimates of average treatment effects (ATEs) and their standard errors. This article discusses a statistical model that adjusts for misreported binary outcomes for two-level, school-based RCTs, where it is assumed that misreporting could…

Schochet, Peter Z.

2013-01-01

156

Development of an assessment instrument to examine outcomes of entrepreneurship education on engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a comprehensive assessment instrument to examine the multiple outcomes of entrepreneurship education for engineering students. It is targeted at senior-level students enrolled in capstone engineering design courses and is part of a larger study intended to clarify the relationship between faculty beliefs and practices, program characteristics, and student outcomes. The assessment draws on survey

Nathalie Duval-Couetil; Teri Reed-Rhoads; Shiva Haghighi

2010-01-01

157

Outcome-Based and Gifted Education: Can We Assume Continued Support?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome-based education (OBE) is a reform movement that puts equity in the forefront, ties excellence to outcomes, and recognizes giftedness only as it is expressed by achievement. Gains brought about by pull-out, mentoring, and compaction programs may be lost if needs of gifted students are not recognized under OBE. (JDD)

Evans, Karen M.; King, Jean A.

1994-01-01

158

Assets, Economic Opportunity and Toxic Stress: A Framework for Understanding Child and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large body of evidence indicates that socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of school achievement, college graduation and child outcomes in general. Better developmental and health outcomes are strongly associated with family assets, income and education. We introduce a model incorporating a range of theoretical and empirical…

Shanks, Trina R. Williams; Robinson, Christine

2013-01-01

159

Summary of Outcome Evaluation Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Training (PETC-1).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the technical report Outcome Evaluation Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Training (PETC-I) which presents the data collected about the three outcome studies of the PETC-I system. This information is primarily summative in nature and is designed to help those who may be considering the system as a…

George, Catherine; Green, David

160

The Effects of Competition on Educational Outcomes: A Review of US Evidence. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper systematically reviews the cross-sectional research evidence on the effects of competition on educational outcomes. Competition is typically measured using either the Herfindahl Index or the enrollment rate at an alternative choice (for example, private school). Outcomes are separated into those relating to academic test scores,…

Belfield, Clive R.; Levin, Henry M.

161

Outcomes of a Behavioral Education Model for Children with Autism in a Mainstream School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors report 1-year outcomes for 11 children (3-7 years) with autism who attended an "Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) classroom" educational intervention in a mainstream school setting. The children learned new skills by the end of 1 year and learned additional skills during a 2nd year. Group analysis of standardized test outcomes (IQ and…

Grindle, Corinna F.; Hastings, Richard P.; Saville, Maria; Hughes, J. Carl; Huxley, Kathleen; Kovshoff, Hanna; Griffith, Gemma M.; Walker-Jones, Elin; Devonshire, Katherine; Remington, Bob

2012-01-01

162

Student Outcomes: Investigating Competency-Based Curriculum in Adult Basic Education. Research Report No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The outcomes attained by Australian adults enrolled in competency-based Certificate in Adult Foundation Education (CAFE) courses were examined. Special attention was paid to the outcomes achieved by students in the two lowest of the CAFE program's four levels. The main data sources were as follows: literature review; enrollment data from the…

Hazell, Pat

163

Achievement for All: Improving Psychosocial Outcomes for Students with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) are at a greatly increased risk of experiencing poor psychosocial outcomes. Developing effective interventions that address the cause of these outcomes has therefore become a major policy priority in recent years. We report on a national evaluation of the Achievement for All (AfA)…

Humphrey, Neil; Lendrum, Ann; Barlow, Alexandra; Wigelsworth, Michael; Squires, Garry

2013-01-01

164

Associations Between Educational Outcomes and Background Variables: A Review of Selected Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature is reviewed that addresses the association between background factors and educational outcomes. After completing the review, Westat, Inc. issued this report which synthesizes the literature into correlates of academic performance and outcomes other than academic achievement. The former considers such background variables as…

Bryant, Edward C.; And Others

165

Youth Risk Factors and Educational Outcomes of Mentored and Non-Mentored Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As mentoring is receiving increasing attention as a method to improve youth educational outcomes, it is important to continue to examine the effects of mentoring on these youth outcomes. This study uses secondary data from Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and transcript data from the Adolescent…

Castellanos-Brown, Karen

2010-01-01

166

Design Principles and Outcomes of Peer Assessment in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was aimed at finding effective ways of organising peer assessment of written assignments in the context of teaching history at university level. To discover features yielding optimal results, several peer assessment designs were developed, implemented in courses and their learning outcomes evaluated. Outcomes were defined in terms of…

van den Berg, Ineke; Admiraal, Wilfried; Pilot, Albert

2006-01-01

167

Viewpoints on Interpreting Outcome Measures in Vocational Education. National Conference on Outcome Measures for Vocational Education (Louisville, Kentucky, August 16-18, 1979). Information Series No. 187.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The valid interpretation of information related to the outcomes of vocational education is a persistent and profound problem of the profession. Some of the reasons for this problem are difficulties of communication, problems of definition, problems of collecting and interpreting data, and lack of documentation. The primary problem appears to be…

McKinney, Floyd L., Ed.; Harvey, Beth, Ed.

168

The Social Outcomes of Education and Feedbacks on Growth in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the effects of education included in the complete model presented here are shown to be consistent with those found in the mainstream of the research on each outcome using microeconomic data. This, however, is a first effort to estimate net education effects more comprehensively, beyond just growth and health effects on other key measures of development in Africa,

E. N. Appiah; W. W. McMahon

2002-01-01

169

Developing a National Outcome Reporting System for the Adult Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed to help adult education stakeholders involved in efforts to develop/test/implement a national reporting system of outcome measures documenting students' performance in the federally funded adult education program. The report reviews existing/planned accountability systems, examines major issues involved in developing an…

Condelli, Larry; Kutner, Mark

170

Final Outcome Evaluation Report. Demonstration and Implementation Sites. Experience-Based Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of the Appalachia Educational Laboratory's (AEL) Experience-Based Career Education (EBCE) program focused on outcome data pertaining to students, parents, and employers collected at the demonstration site at AEL, and implementation sites located in Bremen, Georgia; Crowley, Louisiana; Ames, Iowa; and Staten Island, Ithaca, and North…

Shively, Joe E.; Kessel, Phyllis

171

Quality Early Childhood Education in Costa Rica? Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-quality early childhood education has been shown to improve school outcomes in several developing and developed nations. The history of policy around pre-school education in Costa Rica is described as background to presenting cross-sectional data on the emergent literacy skills of low-income Costa Rican children in kindergarten, 1st and 2nd…

San Francisco, Andrea Rolla; Arias, Melissa; Villers, Renata

2005-01-01

172

Invested Dollars or Diverted Dreams: The Effect of Resources on Vocational Students' Educational Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how the investment of resources affects the outcomes of vocational education programs. Addresses the criticism that vocational programs divert working-class students from higher education. Results indicate that high levels of resource investment increase the likelihood of students graduating from high school while low levels increase the…

Arum, Richard

1998-01-01

173

Family Structure, Parental Investment, and Educational Outcomes among Black South Africans. Population Studies Center Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between family structure, expenditures on education, and children's educational outcomes for black South Africans, using the nationally representative 1995 October Household Survey. The analyses focused on 28,215 individuals, ages 10 to 24 years, who had not completed secondary schools. The findings indicated…

Anderson, Kermyt G.

174

2005 State Special Education Outcomes: Steps Forward in a Decade of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the tenth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and six of the eleven federally funded entities (unique states). The purpose of this report is to provide a snapshot of the new initiatives, trends,…

Thompson, Sandra; Johnstone, Christopher; Thurlow, Martha; Altman, Jason

2005-01-01

175

Motivational Climates, Achievement Goals, and Physical Education Outcomes: A Longitudinal Test of Achievement Goal Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research tested the longitudinal relations over a school-year between motivational climates, achievement goals, and five physical education outcomes, namely intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, positive attitude, exertion, and attendance in physical education. The results showed that students' mastery goals measured early in the…

Halvari, Hallgeir; Skjesol, Knut; Bagoien, Tor Egil

2011-01-01

176

Secondary Student Perspectives on Musical and Educational Outcomes from Participation in Band Festivals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While it seems many music educators share an enthusiasm for music festivals, others do not. Discrepancies seem to be rooted in the perceived educational outcomes in terms of musical knowledge gained, motivation, competition, psychological impact and social considerations. Advocates believe competitive festivals provide a "superlative" motivational…

Gouzouasis, Peter; Henderson, Alan

2012-01-01

177

Effects and Social Validity of Differentiated Instruction on Student Outcomes for Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student outcome data were examined for 35 teacher education candidates working toward special education certification who used an iterative differentiated instruction process over a 5-week period. Data were analyzed across a range of content areas and ages. Results indicated statistically significant and noteworthy effects across students…

Ernest, James M.; Thompson, Shirley E.; Heckaman, Kelly A.; Hull, Karla; Yates, Jamie

2011-01-01

178

Teacher Philosophy and Program Implementation and the Impact on Sex Education Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a study that evaluated teacher influence and impact in a middle school abstinence sex education program, noting pre-post change, teacher differences, and student differences. Surveys indicated abstinence sex education programs can produce positive outcomes that are significantly influenced by the teacher's own philosophy and commitment to…

De Gaston, Jacqueline F.; And Others

1994-01-01

179

Quantifiable outcomes from corporate and higher education learning collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study investigated the existence of measurable learning outcomes that emerged out of the shared strengths of collaborating sponsors. The study identified quantifiable learning outcomes that confirm corporate, academic and learner participation in learning collaborations. Each of the three hypotheses and the synergy indicator quantitatively and qualitatively confirmed learning outcomes benefiting participants. The academic-indicator quantitatively confirmed that learning outcomes attract learners to the institution. The corporate-indicator confirmed that learning outcomes include knowledge exchange and enhanced workforce talents for careers in the energy-utility industry. The learner-indicator confirmed that learning outcomes provide professional development opportunities for employment. The synergy-indicator confirmed that best learning practices in learning collaborations emanate out of the sponsors' shared strengths, and that partnerships can be elevated to strategic alliances, going beyond response to the desires of sponsors to create learner-centered cultures. The synergy-indicator confirmed the value of organizational processes that elevate sponsors' interactions to sharing strength, to create a learner-centered culture. The study's series of qualitative questions confirmed prior success factors, while verifying the hypothesis results and providing insight not available from quantitative data. The direct benefactors of the study are the energy-utility learning-collaboration participants of the study, and corporation, academic institutions, and learners of the collaboration. The indirect benefactors are the stakeholders of future learning collaborations, through improved knowledge of the existence or absence of quantifiable learning outcomes.

Devine, Thomas G.

180

New Directions for Higher Education: Challenges, Opportunities, and Outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the last few decades, pervasive technology and significant social and economic development have forever changed our society. Social and economic change has made it increasingly difficult for higher education to operate in insular ways; attention to changing demographics, global economies, and new social mores is required (Keller 2008). The potential reach of technology seems limitless and has already changed higher education institutions in "the way we organize ourselves, our policies, our culture, what faculty do, the way we work, and those we serve" (Ikenberry 1999, p. 63). Change in higher education to accommodate broader societal changes requires new ways of thinking about economic issues, accountability, technology, and the teaching-learning process. This chapter makes the challenges currently facing higher education explicit. It outlines the leadership traits and behaviors that are moving higher education into a hybrid version of traditional and distance institutions. Six principles of sound strategic planning for creating a new higher education enterprise are reviewed.

Cleveland-Innes, Marta

181

The Influence of Higher Education Institutions on Labor Market Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, different institutions of higher education and their effects on employment opportunities for professionals in Sweden are compared and analyzed. The availability of extensive, longitudinal register data made it possible to determine a match between degree and occupation for higher education graduates aged twenty-six to twenty-eight…

Berggren, Caroline

2010-01-01

182

Distance Learners in Higher Education: Institutional Responses for Quality Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributors to this book, administrators and faculty from a variety of higher education institutions in North America, reflect on current research and practices in distance higher education, and address specific facets of the distance learner. Following an introduction by Michael G. Moore, eight chapters include the following: (1) Distance…

Gibson, Chere Campbell, Ed.

183

Improving Educational Aspirations and Outcomes through Community Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how a community action research approach supported the implementation of an educational support programme for children, parents and local educators. The aim was the creation of a learning community that acknowledged, valued and used the expertise and experience of all involved. The action reflection cycle informed the…

Bleach, Josephine

2013-01-01

184

Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

Culver, Steve

2010-01-01

185

The impact of HIV/AIDS on children's educational outcome: a critical review of global literature.  

PubMed

The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated 23 studies for examination. Existing studies show educational disadvantages among children affected by AIDS in various educational outcomes, including school enrollment and attendance, school behavior and performance, school completion, and educational attainment. A number of individual and contextual factors potentially moderate or mediate the effect of HIV/AIDS on children's education. These factors include gender of child, pattern of parental loss (maternal vs. paternal vs. dual), living arrangement (relationship with caregivers, gender of the household head), and household poverty. Current literature indicates limitations in number and scope of existing studies and in educational outcome measurements. There is a lack of studies with longitudinal design and data collection from multiple sources (e.g., students, teachers, caregivers), and a lack of studies on the relationship between psychosocial well-being of children affected by AIDS and their educational outcomes. Future studies need to employ more rigorous methodology and incorporate both individual and contextual factors for children affected by AIDS in various regions. More efforts are needed to design and implement culturally appropriate and context-specific approaches to improve the educational outcomes of children affected by AIDS. PMID:22519300

Guo, Yan; Li, Xiaoming; Sherr, Lorraine

2012-01-01

186

Can Rational Prescribing Be Improved by an Outcome-Based Educational Approach? A Randomized Trial Completed in Iran  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: An outcome-based education approach has been proposed to develop more effective continuing medical education (CME) programs. We have used this approach in developing an outcome-based educational intervention for general physicians working in primary care (GPs) and evaluated its effectiveness compared with a concurrent CME program in…

Esmaily, Hamideh M.; Silver, Ivan; Shiva, Shadi; Gargani, Alireza; Maleki-Dizaji, Nasrin; Al-Maniri, Abdullah; Wahlstrom, Rolf

2010-01-01

187

Educational outcomes and leadership to meet the needs of modern health care  

PubMed Central

If professionals are to be equipped better to meet the needs of modern health care systems and the standards of practice required, significant educational change is still required. Educational change requires leadership, and lack of educational leadership may have impeded change in the past. In practical terms standards refer to outcomes, and thus an outcome based approach to clinical education is advocated as the one most likely to provide an appropriate framework for organisational and system change. The provision of explicit statements of learning intent, an educational process enabling acquisition and demonstration of these, and criteria for ensuring their achievement are the key features of such a framework. The derivation of an appropriate outcome set should emphasise what the learners will be able to do following the learning experience, how they will subsequently approach these tasks, and what, as a professional, they will bring to their practice. Once defined, the learning outcomes should determine, in turn, the nature of the learning experience enabling their achievement and the assessment processes to certify that they have been met. Provision of the necessary educational environment requires an understanding of the close interrelationship between learning style, learning theory, and methods whereby active and deep learning may be fostered. If desired change is to prevail, a conducive educational culture which values learning as well as evaluation, review, and enhancement must be engendered. It is the responsibility of all who teach to foster such an environment and culture, for all practitioners involved in health care have a leadership role in education. Quality in Health Care(Quality in Health Care 2001;10(Suppl II):ii38–ii45) Key Words: leadership; learning; outcome based education

Spencer, J; Jordan, R

2001-01-01

188

Evaluation of the Job Skills Education Program: Learning Outcomes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the evaluation of the Job Skills Education Program (TSEP), a computer based, job-relevant curriculum designed to teach soldiers competencies prerequisite to learning job skills. Researchers observed and gathered data on the program a...

C. P. Hahn D. M. Hoffman L. M. Hoffman R. A. Dean

1988-01-01

189

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010: process and outcomes.  

PubMed

The National Health Educator Job Analysis 2010 was conducted to update the competencies model for entry- and advanced-level health educators. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Structured interviews, focus groups, and a modified Delphi technique were implemented to engage 59 health educators from diverse work settings and experience levels in a seven-step instrument development process. An online survey was then completed by 1,022 practicing health educators. Survey participants used 4-point ordinal scales to rank subcompetencies by frequency of use and importance and related knowledge items by cognitive levels based on the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. Composite scores were calculated and subgroup comparisons conducted to validate 223 subcompetencies at entry (162), advanced-1 (42), and advanced-2 (19) levels of practice, along with 113 knowledge items. Advanced-level versus entry-level competencies and a comparison with the Competency Update Project model of 2006 are discussed. Implications and recommendations for the profession are provided. PMID:23104980

Doyle, Eva I; Caro, Carla M; Lysoby, Linda; Auld, M Elaine; Smith, Becky J; Muenzen, Patricia M

2012-12-01

190

Stability and Change in Rural Youths' Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years  

PubMed Central

There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition.

Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

2014-01-01

191

Psychosocial and educational outcomes of weight faltering in infancy in ALSPAC  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate whether infants with weight faltering have impaired psychosocial and educational outcomes in later childhood. Design Follow-up of infants with weight faltering in a large UK cohort study. Setting The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Participants 11?534 term infants from ALSPAC with complete weight records. Weight gain (conditional on initial weight) was calculated for three periods: from birth to 8?weeks, 8?weeks to 9?months, and birth to 9?months. Cases of weight faltering were defined as those infants with a conditional weight gain below the 5th centile, and these were compared with the rest of the cohort as the control group. Outcomes Between 6 and 11?years, social, emotional and behavioural development was measured by direct assessment of the children and parental and teacher report. Educational outcomes included Standardised Assessment Test results at 7 and 11?years and Special Educational Needs status at age 11. Results Differences seen on univariate analysis in attention, non-verbal accuracy, educational attainment and special educational needs became non-significant after adjustment for confounding. Children with weight faltering in infancy did not differ from controls on any measures of self-esteem, peer relationships, experience of bullying, social cognition, antisocial activities, anxiety, depression or behavioural problems. Conclusions Weight faltering in early infancy was associated with poorer educational outcomes in later childhood, but these associations were explained by confounding. The subsequent psychosocial development of infants with slow weight gain was not different from that of their peers.

Holme, Amelia R; Blair, Peter S; Emond, Alan M

2013-01-01

192

Just Playing a Game? Educational Simulation Software and Cognitive Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that investigated whether second grade students internalized content and concepts embedded in a science computer simulation as opposed to treating it as a game to be played. Discusses cognitive outcomes and processes, thinking skills, use of scientific language, transfer to other contexts, and partner and gender considerations.…

Henderson, Lyn; Klemes, Joel; Eshet, Yoram

2000-01-01

193

Family and Community Influences on Educational Outcomes among Appalachian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has shown how quantifiable aspects of community context affect a wide range of behaviors and outcomes. Due partially to the historical development of this field, currently published work focuses on urban rather than rural areas. We draw upon data from a longitudinal study of families and health in Appalachia--the Great Smoky…

Brown, Ryan; Copeland, William E.; Costello, E. Jane; Erkanli, Alaattin; Worthman, Carol M.

2009-01-01

194

Learning outcomes of two approaches to multicultural music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of multicultural music instruction on classroom learning outcomes. Fifth-grade children (10-11 years of age; N = 170) from four schools were randomly assigned to one of two instructional treatments: music concept and sociocultural context. The former approach used formal elements of music as a framework for learning; the latter contextualized

Carlos R. Abril

2006-01-01

195

Changing Minds? Reassessing Outcomes in Free-Choice Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses three case studies--an exhibition on biodiversity, a hotel water conservation program, and a partnership between a nature center and urban public schools--to establish parameters for designing learning experiences that accommodate the varied worldviews and attitudes of learners. Positive outcomes occurred in all three cases,…

Storksdieck, Martin; Ellenbogen, Kirsten; Heimlich, Joe E.

2005-01-01

196

Can Financial Incentives Enhance Educational Outcomes? Evidence from International Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been a revival of interest in financial incentives to encourage students to attend school and to improve their academic achievement, graduation rates, and other outcomes. Conditional cash transfer programs in developing countries, especially PROGRESA in Mexico, have found positive effects on attendance in large-scale…

Slavin, Robert E.

2009-01-01

197

Institutionalizing Equitable Policies and Practices for Contingent Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a qualitative inquiry into the institutionalization of equitable policies for non-tenure-track faculty. Through the theoretical framework of institutionalization, we examine factors and strategies forwarding various policies and practices and the challenges that arise. The results highlight themes throughout the stages of…

Kezar, Adrianna; Sam, Cecile

2013-01-01

198

Audit of the Milwaukee Police Department's Equitable Sharing Program Activities, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of the Inspector General (OIG), Audit Division, has completed an audit of the use of DOJ equitable sharing revenues by the Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Police Department (Milwaukee PD). Equitable sharing revenues repr...

2013-01-01

199

Audit of the St. Charles County Sheriff's Department's Equitable Sharing Program Activities, O'Fallon, Missouri.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of the Inspector General, Audit Division, has completed an audit of the use of DOJ equitable sharing revenues by the St. Charles County, Missouri, Sheriffs Department (Sheriffs Department). Equitable sharing re...

2012-01-01

200

12 CFR 614.4590 - Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations. 614.4590 ...FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS...Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations. (a) Each...

2010-01-01

201

12 CFR 614.4590 - Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations. 614.4590 ...FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS...Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations. (a) Each...

2009-01-01

202

30 CFR 585.540 - How will BOEM equitably distribute revenues to States?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How will BOEM equitably distribute revenues to States...Sharing with States § 585.540 How will BOEM equitably distribute revenues to States? (a) BOEM will distribute among the...

2013-07-01

203

20 CFR 222.57 - When an equitably adopted child is dependent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When an equitably adopted child is dependent. 222.57 Section 222...RETIREMENT ACT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Child Support and Dependency § 222.57 When an equitably adopted child is dependent. An employee's...

2013-04-01

204

20 CFR 404.359 - Who is the insured's equitably adopted child?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Who is the insured's equitably adopted child? 404.359 Section 404.359 ...Insurance Benefits; Period of Disability Child's Benefits § 404.359 Who is the insured's equitably adopted child? You may be eligible for...

2013-04-01

205

Understanding Outcome-Based Education Changes in Teacher Education: Evaluation of a New Instrument with Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome-based education (OBE) is a current initiative in Hong Kong universities, with widespread backing by governments and standards bodies. However, study of students' perceptions of OBE and validation of understanding these perceptions are lacking. This paper reports on the validation of an OBE-specific instrument and resulting preliminary…

Deneen, Christopher; Brown, Gavin T. L.; Bond, Trevor G.; Shroff, Ronnie

2013-01-01

206

Views from the Field: Conservation Educators' and Practitioners' Perceptions of Education as a Strategy for Achieving Conservation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data from a mixed-methods study that collected data through surveys (n = 656), interviews (n = 15), and discussion groups (n = 75) to explore the use of social strategies such as education and outreach by non-governmental organizations and government agencies to reach outcomes related to biodiversity conservation and resource…

Ardoin, Nicole M.; Heimlich, Joe E.

2013-01-01

207

Self-Determination as an Educational Outcome: A Definitional Framework and Implications for Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an emerging recognition that self-determination is an important outcome for youth with disabilities. This article presents a definitional framework of self-determination as an educational outcome and describes essential characteristics of self-determined behavior. Within this framework, students become self-determined young people through the development and acquisition of a set of component elements of self-determined behavior. The article introduces these

Michael Wehmeyer

1997-01-01

208

Adolescents’ Educational Outcomes: Racial and Ethnic Variations in Peer Network Importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little attention has been paid to the role of peer social capital in the school context, especially as a predictor of adolescents’\\u000a academic outcomes. This study uses a nationally representative (N = 13,738, female = 51%), longitudinal sample and multilevel models to examine how peer networks impact educational achievement\\u000a and attainment. Results reveal that, in addition to those factors typically associated with academic outcomes

Franklin Goza; Igor Ryabov

2009-01-01

209

Outcome of comprehensive psycho-educational interventions for young children with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates comprehensive psycho-educational research on early intervention for children with autism. Twenty-six outcome studies were identified. Twenty-one studies evaluated behavioral treatment, 3 studies evaluated TEACCH and 2 studies evaluated the Colorado Health Sciences Project. Outcome studies are graded according to their scientific value, and subsequently graded according to the magnitude of results documented in the studies. Based on

Svein Eikeseth

2008-01-01

210

Outcome Research in Environmental Education: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses approaches to evaluation in environmental education. Describes the structure of tests used as evaluation tools in a three-year project implemented in a number of Italian secondary schools and presents a critical analysis of the results. Contains 19 references. (JRH)

Bachiorri, Antonella; Vezzosi, Monica

1997-01-01

211

Primary Education in Vietnam: Extra Classes and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extra classes are increasingly observed in both developed and developing countries. In Vietnam, a country where education reforms are at their height, extra classes are proliferating and have become a concern to society and the government. Although the government has banned extra classes that are independent of school administration, teachers…

Ha, Tran Thu; Harpham, Trudy

2005-01-01

212

Vocational Education Outcomes for Eleven Grossmont College Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, a study was conducted at Grossmont College (GC) in El Cajon, California, to determine employment positions and incomes of former students who had left/graduated during the 3 academic years 1985-86, 1986-87, and 1987-1988 and had been enrolled in one of the following 11 vocational education programs: Accounting, Administration and Justice,…

Smith, Larry; Dean, Winston

213

Impact of Education for Physicians on Patient Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study was conducted to assess the impact of an interactive seminar based on self-regulation theory on 1) the treatment practices and communications and education behavior of physicians, 2) the health status and medical care utilization of their pediatric patients with asthma, and 3) the satisfaction with care of the subjects' parents. Methods. A total of 74 general practice

Noreen M. Clark; Molly Gong; M. Anthony Schork; David Evans; Dietrich Roloff; Martin Hurwitz; Lois Maiman; Robert B. Mellins

1998-01-01

214

Parent and Student Perceptions of Special Education Interventions and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. Bradley, Danielson, & Hallahan (2002) suggested that research was needed to specify the impact of early identification and intervention on district costs, number of special education referrals, and the degree of intensity required to be effective. Horowitz (2007) stated that additional research was necessary in the study of students…

Katz-Plotkin, Andrea

2009-01-01

215

Family-School Links: How Do They Affect Educational Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores issues related to the links between families and schools and how they affect children's educational achievement, and is organized as follows: Part 1, titled "Families and Schools: How Can They Work Together To Promote Children's School Success?" contains the following chapters: chapter 1, "Family Involvement in Chidrens' and…

Booth, Alan, Ed.; Dunn, Judith F., Ed.

216

Achieving Equitable Science Education: It Isn't Rocket Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science/Technology/Society approach to teaching science has been researched and practiced for over 20 years. This model uses current issues in students' lives and society as the foundation of study. Teaching STS science requires nothing more than a shifting emphasis and willingness to empower students. (MLH)

Weld, Jeffrey

1999-01-01

217

Interprofessional education: a survey of students' collaborative competency outcomes.  

PubMed

This study examines students' collaborative competencies after participating in an interprofessional education (IPE) course offered to undergraduates in nursing, medicine, and pharmacy. Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) was foundational to the course. The Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Survey was administered to 33 students who had successfully completed the interprofessional education course; 17 students completed the survey, for a response rate of 52%. The students' collaborative competencies in the core areas of communication, collaboration, roles and responsibilities, collaborative patient- and family-centered approach, conflict management and resolution, and team functioning significantly improved (n = 17, p < 0.001) after course completion, compared with their collaborative competencies before the course. The findings suggest that students' perceptions of their development of interprofessional and collaborative competencies significantly improved after course completion. This may influence their professional practice at the point of care and enhance patient safety. PMID:24256003

Baker, Maureen J; Durham, Carol Fowler

2013-12-01

218

Linguistic and metalinguistic outcomes of intense immersion education: How bilingual?  

PubMed Central

Anglophone children in Grades 2 and 5 who attended an intensive French immersion program were examined for linguistic and metalinguistic ability in English and French. Measures of linguistic proficiency (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) were consistently higher in English and remained so even after five years of immersion education in French. Measures of metalinguistic ability (letter fluency and ignoring semantic anomalies in sentence judgments) in French improved significantly over the two grades studied and closed the gap (letter fluency) or caught up with (sentence judgments) similar performance in English. This dissociation between developmental trajectories for linguistic and metalinguistic development is exactly the pattern expected for fully bilingual children, endorsing immersion education as a route to bilingualism.

Hermanto, Nicola; Moreno, Sylvain; Bialystok, Ellen

2012-01-01

219

Linguistic and metalinguistic outcomes of intense immersion education: How bilingual?  

PubMed

Anglophone children in Grades 2 and 5 who attended an intensive French immersion program were examined for linguistic and metalinguistic ability in English and French. Measures of linguistic proficiency (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) were consistently higher in English and remained so even after five years of immersion education in French. Measures of metalinguistic ability (letter fluency and ignoring semantic anomalies in sentence judgments) in French improved significantly over the two grades studied and closed the gap (letter fluency) or caught up with (sentence judgments) similar performance in English. This dissociation between developmental trajectories for linguistic and metalinguistic development is exactly the pattern expected for fully bilingual children, endorsing immersion education as a route to bilingualism. PMID:22468133

Hermanto, Nicola; Moreno, Sylvain; Bialystok, Ellen

2012-01-01

220

Creating an Outcomes-Based Tool for Learning Barrier Assessment in an Outpatient Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based assessment instrument was devised to screen patients for learning problems that would impede patient education in cardiac rehabilitation. Criteria for seven barriers were established: hearing, language, cultural, religious, vision, cognitive, emotional). Points of data collection and a rationale for collection were identified.…

Hernandez, Teri L.; Rupnow, Jana M.; Currie, Kristi A.; Procious, James K.; Adams, Jenny

2003-01-01

221

Learner Outcomes as Articulated in Adult Education Literature: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography contains 14 citations of books, papers, and videotapes that pertain to learner outcomes in adult education. The following are cited: "Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning" (S. Brookfield); "Self-Direction for Lifelong Learning" (P. Candy); "Helping Adults Learn Workshop" (A. Chickering); "Adults as Learners"…

Brewer, Patricia

222

Specific Language Impairment and School Outcomes. II: Educational Context, Student Satisfaction, and Post-Compulsory Progress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This investigation is the second paper of a companion set reporting the outcomes of secondary schooling for young people who have been participating in the Manchester Language Study. Aims: To examine the school context of educational results at 16 years of age and to provide information on the adolescents' post-16 activities. Methods &…

Durkin, Kevin; Simkin, Zoe; Knox, Emma; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2009-01-01

223

Survey Response and Its Relationship to Educational Outcomes among First-Year College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on survey response, which was defined simply as the completion of a survey. It examined connections between survey response and college student characteristics. It also investigated whether survey response predicted educational outcomes, including retention. The study focused on a cohort of first-year students at a mid-size,…

Woosley, Sherry A.

2005-01-01

224

Improving Education Outcomes in Germany. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 611  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving education outcomes is important for Germany's long-term economic performance and social cohesion. While student achievement is above the OECD average in science and at the OECD average in reading and mathematics according to the 2006 OECD PISA study, weaker students tend to do badly by international comparison and socio-economic and/or…

Carey, David

2008-01-01

225

Examining Student Spiritual Outcomes as a Result of a General Education Religion Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era in which part-time faculty are becoming a higher proportion of the teaching faculty on most campuses, this study addressed the question of whether student learning outcomes in religious education courses are significantly influenced by whether the instructor teaches in a full- or part-time capacity in the Department of Religion. We…

Hilton, John, III; Plummer, Kenneth

2013-01-01

226

An Examination of Non-Occupationally Specific Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of secondary vocational education has traditionally been occupational preparation, with the primary activity for achieving that purpose being occupationally specific skill training. Today, however, a significant amount of effort is also directed toward outcomes that prepare an individual for work rather than for a specific job or…

Ruff, Richard D.; And Others

227

The Evaluation of Educational Goals, Instructional Procedures and Outcomes or The Iceman Cometh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…

Scriven, Michael

228

Professional Development through Self-Directed Expatriation: Intentions and Outcomes for Young, Educated Eastern Europeans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the experiences of young, well-educated Eastern Europeans who have moved to Western Europe in search of opportunities for professional development, opportunities that, for the most part, are not available in their home countries. The focus of this paper is on the resulting outcome of downskilling, where these individuals work…

Felker, Julie A.

2011-01-01

229

Education, Training, and Employment Outcomes: Analysis of a National Survey of Employers. Final Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effect of education and training on the economy and on employment outcomes. Data collected during a 1982 nationwide telephone survey of 3,500 employers were used as the basis for statistical models of voluntary and involuntary job separations and job promotions. Four major conclusions resulted from the modeling process…

Hollenbeck, Kevin

230

The Role of Teachers' Support in Predicting Students' Motivation and Achievement Outcomes in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining how teachers' beliefs and behaviors predict students' motivation and achievement outcomes in physical education is an area of increasing research interest. Guided by the expectancy-value model and self-determination theory, the major purpose of this study was to examine the predictive strength of teachers' autonomy, competence, and…

Zhang, Tao; Solmon, Melinda A.; Gu, Xiangli

2012-01-01

231

Comparison of Selected Outcomes Based on Teaching Strategies that Promote Active Learning in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences in the effects of three active-learning teaching strategies (case-based learning, simulation, and simulation with narrative pedagogy) on the outcomes of nursing student performance of intervention activities, performance retention of intervention activities, student satisfaction, self-confidence, and educational

Nicholson, Anita Christine

2010-01-01

232

Diffusion of the National Qualifications Framework and Outcomes-Based Education in Southern and Eastern Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores policy and curriculum diffusion in southern and eastern Africa through an examination of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) and outcomes-based education. The article argues that the NQF was adopted for different reasons in different contexts, but that discourse coalitions and conferences have been critical in…

Chisholm, Linda

2007-01-01

233

Defining the Community-Based Education Alliance: Outcomes, Values, Purposes, and Operating Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the stakeholder values, desired student outcomes, organizational purposes, and operating model of the Community-based Education Alliance (CBEA), a transition program operated by a partnership between the Center for Disabilities Studies of the University of Delaware, and two school districts in New Castle County, Delaware. The…

Fina, Nicholas J.

2009-01-01

234

Adolescents' Cognitive "Habitus", Learning Environments, Affective Outcomes of Schooling, and Young Adults' Educational Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A moderation-mediation model was constructed to examine relationships among adolescents' cognitive "habitus" (their cognitive dispositions), learning environments, affective outcomes of schooling, and young adults' educational attainment. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal survey of Australian youth (4,171 females, 3,718 males). The…

Marjoribanks, Kevin

2006-01-01

235

Trading Places: The Impact and Outcomes of Market Reform in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate, from a national perspective, the impact and outcomes of market reform in vocational education and training (VET), particularly the introduction of competitive tendering and "user choice". It does so by examining the structure, composition and dynamics of contestable or "quasi-markets" for VET, assessing…

Anderson, Damon

2005-01-01

236

Competition in the Sandbox: A Test of the Effects of Preschool Competition on Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of publicly subsidized preschool raises important policy questions about the role of market forces and, in places where competition to provide these services exists, presents a setting in which the effects of competition on educational outcomes can be tested. We test neo-institutional hypotheses concerning the effects of competition…

Henry, Gary T.; Gordon, Craig S.

2006-01-01

237

Using Targeting Outcomes of Programs as a Framework to Target Photographic Events in Nonformal Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Targeting Outcomes of Programs (TOP) is a seven-step hierarchical programming model in which the program development and performance sides are mirror images of each other. It served as a framework to identify a simple method for targeting photographic events in nonformal education programs, indicating why, when, and how photographs would be useful…

Rockwell, S. Kay; Albrecht, Julie A.; Nugent, Gwen C.; Kunz, Gina M.

2012-01-01

238

The Relationship between ISO 9000 Participation and Educational Outcomes of Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The study seeks to examine the relationship between the implementation of the ISO 9000 quality management system and educational outcomes of schools, measured by student achievement on the state-mandated tests and school attendance rates--graduation rates, in the case of high schools. Design/methodology/approach: The study was conducted…

Bae, Sang Hoon

2007-01-01

239

Assessing the Quality of the Learning Outcome in Vocational Education: The Expero Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to present an innovative model to evaluate the quality of the learning outcome in vocational education and training (VET) considering a wide approach that includes, in particular, stakeholders' expectations and perceptions. Design/methodology/approach: The Expero model was implemented in various kinds of vocational schools…

Cervai, Sara; Cian, Luca; Berlanga, Alicia; Borelli, Massimo; Kekale, Tauno

2013-01-01

240

Attitudinal and Psychosocial Outcomes of a Fitness and Health Education Program on Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudinal and psychosocial outcomes of a fitness and health education program for adults with Down syndrome were examined. Participants were 53 adults with Down syndrome ages 30 years and older (29 females, 24 males, M age = 39.72 years) who were randomized into a training (n = 32) or control group (n = 21). The training group participated in a…

Heller, Tamar; Hsieh, Kelly; Rimmer, James H.

2004-01-01

241

Educational Outcomes of a Collaborative School-Home Behavioral Intervention for ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated educationally relevant outcomes from a newly developed collaborative school-home intervention (Collaborative Life Skills Program [CLS]) for youth with attention and/or behavior problems. Participants included 17 girls and 40 boys in second through fifth grades (mean age = 8.1 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds. CLS was…

Pfiffner, Linda J.; Villodas, Miguel; Kaiser, Nina; Rooney, Mary; McBurnett, Keith

2013-01-01

242

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Outcomes from the Productivity Places Program, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is presented in this publication about the outcomes for students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) under the Productivity Places Program (PPP) during 2008. The Productivity Places Program Survey covers students who were awarded a qualification in 2008 with funding from the PPP. The survey focuses on students'…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2009

2009-01-01

243

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

244

Motivating Learning and Assessing Outcomes in Continuing Medical Education Using a Personal Learning Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Although there is increasing focus on provider behavior change as an outcome of continuing medical education (CME), it has long been known that an increase in knowledge alone is rarely sufficient to induce such change. The Personal Learning Plan (PLP), designed to motivate and assess CME learning, was partly derived from SMART goals…

Reed, Virginia A.; Schifferdecker, Karen E.; Turco, Mary G.

2012-01-01

245

Students' Learning Outcomes and Learning Experiences through Playing a Serious Educational Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to examine students' learning outcomes and their learning experiences through playing a Serious Educational Game. A mixed-method research design was employed collecting both quantitative and qualitative data. A total of 98 middle-school students ranging from sixth to eighth grades participated through paper-and-pencil…

Cheng, Meng-Tzu; Annetta, Len

2012-01-01

246

Relation between Teachers' Professionalism and Job Attitudes, Educational Outcomes, and Organizational Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between teacher professionalism and educational process and outcomes, teachers' job attitudes and feelings, and school organizational factors. Surveys of primary principals, teachers, and students in Hong Kong indicated that primary school-level teachers professionalism positively related to students'…

Cheng, Yin Cheong

1996-01-01

247

If and When Money Matters: The Relationships among Educational Expenditures, Student Engagement and Students' Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for accountability in higher education are prompted in part by questions concerning whether colleges and universities use their resources effectively to promote student learning. Unfortunately, too little is known about whether money matters to desired outcomes of college. Using students' responses to the 2004 administration of the National…

Pike, Gary R.; Kuh, George D.; McCormick, Alexander C.; Ethington, Corinna A.; Smart, John C.

2011-01-01

248

Services for All: Are Outcome-Based Education and Flexible School Structures the Answer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the recent controversy over outcome-based education (OBE), arguing that while OBE may be correct in establishing high standards for student learning, its implementation has tended to establish rigid "assembly line" approaches to teaching. A call is made for more flexible and individualized systems that respond to student needs…

Smith, Sarah J.

1995-01-01

249

Young Adult Educational and Vocational Outcomes of Children Diagnosed with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decreased success at work and educational attainment by adulthood are of concern for children with ADHD given their widely documented academic difficulties; however there are few studies that have examined this empirically and even fewer that have studied predictors and individual variability of these outcomes. The current study compares young…

Kuriyan, Aparajita B.; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Babinski, Dara E.; Walther, Christine; Cheong, JeeWon; Yu, Jihnhee; Kent, Kristine M.

2013-01-01

250

Community College Students: Goals, Academic Preparation, and Outcomes. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document profiles the goals, preparation, and outcomes of community college students using three data sources: the 1999-2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, the 1996/01 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study, and the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988, Fourth Follow-up. This study addresses the following…

Hoachlander, Gary; Sikora, Anna C.; Horn, Laura

251

Students' Motivational Profiles and Achievement Outcomes in Physical Education: A Self-Determination Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies in education have inspected the relations between students' autonomous versus controlled motivation and relevant outcomes. In most of those studies a global index of self-determined motivation was created. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) how the different types of motivation proposed by Self-Determination Theory…

Boiche, Julie C. S.; Sarrazin, Philippe G.; Pelletier, Luc G.; Grouzet, Frederick M. E.; Chanal, Julien P.

2008-01-01

252

Building an Integrated Student Learning Outcomes Assessment for General Education: Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using experiences from three institutions, the authors describe a three-stage process for designing an integrated general education program that takes into account institutional differences. The three stages are (1) establishing initial discussions that lead to alignment of key university student learning outcomes (SLOs) with key general…

Galle, Jo K.; Galle, Jeffery

2010-01-01

253

Using Social Media Applications for Educational Outcomes in College Teaching: A Structural Equation Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more and more faculty members jump on the wagon of social media, an increasing number of publications began to investigate the adoption of social media applications and its motivators in and out of the classrooms. However, little research has paid close attention to the educational outcomes of social media utilization in college teaching. Thus,…

Cao, Yingxia; Ajjan, Haya; Hong, Paul

2013-01-01

254

Transition Literature Review: Educational, Employment, and Independent Living Outcomes. Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review focuses on both published and unpublished literature in the areas of education, employment, and independent living outcomes across 13 handicapping conditions. Preliminary chapters describe the database system used to manage the literature identified, and discuss research methods in transition literature. Subsequent chapters then review…

Harnisch, Delwyn L.; Fisher, Adrian T.

255

Exposure to Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse and Subsequent Educational Achievement Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This paper examined the relationship between exposure to sexual and physical abuse (CSA and CPA) in childhood and later educational achievement outcomes in late adolescence and early adulthood in a birth cohort of over 1,000 children studied to age 25. Method: Retrospective data on CSA and CPA were gathered at ages 18 and 21 and used to…

Boden, Joseph M.; Horwood, L. John; Fergusson, David M.

2007-01-01

256

The Research-Based Model Partnership Education Program: A 4-Year Outcome Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the four-year outcome of the Research-Based Model Partnership in Education Program, an after-school tutoring and adaptive-skills training program for mostly low-achieving, low-income African-American students. Computerized school records provided academic and social data. Results indicated that four-year participants had higher grade…

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Herman, Keith C.; Reid, Alaycia D.; Keefer, Nikki L.; Vogel, David L.

1998-01-01

257

Interdisciplinary Curriculum and Student Outcomes: The Case of a General Education Course at a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher Student relationship;This article examines the relationship between interdisciplinary curriculum and student outcomes. In this inquiry, the author uses data collected during a two-year ethnographic study of six courses in a general education reform at Southwestern University (all names are pseudonyms), a research university with a diverse…

Orillion, Marie-France

2009-01-01

258

Transgender College Students: An Exploratory Study of Perceptions, Engagement, and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We explored transgender students' perceptions, engagement, and educational outcomes across 17 dimensions of the collegiate experience. Data were collected as part of a national study and represent a total of 91 transgender-identified college students as well as matching samples of nontransgender LGB and heterosexual peers for comparative purposes.…

Dugan, John P.; Kusel, Michelle L.; Simounet, Dawn M.

2012-01-01

259

Attributions of the Educational Outcomes of Students with Learning Disabilities in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to raise awareness of the importance of attributional beliefs in relation to the educational outcomes of students with a learning disability (LD) in China. The study presented in this paper examined the attributional beliefs that Chinese pre-service teachers had developed towards students with LD, in comparison to students without…

Woodcock, Stuart; Jiang, Han

2012-01-01

260

Learning Behaviors Mediating the Relationship between Behavior Problems and Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between behavior problems, learning behaviors and educational outcomes for at-risk preschool children. A sample of Head Start children (N = 196) were selected in the Southeast. Behavior problems were assessed using The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA; Le Buffe & Naglieri, 1999) and learning behaviors were assessed using the Preschool Learning Behavior Scale (PLBS, McDermott,

Ximena Dominguez Escalon

2008-01-01

261

Foster Care Experiences and Educational Outcomes of Young Adults Formerly Placed in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributes to the body of research on the educational outcomes of young adults who were formerly placed in foster care. Telephone interviews were conducted with 359 young adults (a 54.6% response rate). Participants must have been served for at least one year by one private foster care agency in one of its twenty-two offices. Results…

Havalchak, Anne; White, Catherine Roller; O'Brien, Kirk; Pecora, Peter J.; Sepulveda, Martin

2009-01-01

262

Determinants of Adult Functional Outcome in Adolescents Receiving Special Educational Assistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study investigates the role of IQ, autistic traits and challenging behaviours in affecting adult outcomes among adolescents who receive special educational assistance. Methods: A total of 58 participants were recruited from an ongoing longitudinal study. All received assessments of IQ, behavioural patterns (using the Childhood…

McGeown, H. R.; Johnstone, E. C.; McKirdy, J.; Owens, D. C.; Stanfield, A. C.

2013-01-01

263

One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red…

Meece, Darrell

2008-01-01

264

Racial Differences in the Impact of Participating in Advanced Placement Programs on Educational and Labor Market Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the wealth of information generated in recent years regarding the benefits for students who participate in Advanced Placement (AP) programs on educational outcomes, limited research exists contrasting and comparing the differential effects of AP program participation on educational and labor market outcomes by race. However, research…

Flowers, Lamont A.

2008-01-01

265

Do Extra-Curricular Activities in Schools Improve Educational Outcomes? A Critical Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary schools tend to sponsor a large number of extra-curricular activities (ECA) yet little is known about their contribution to students' educational outcomes. This meta-analysis aims to determine what it is about ECA participation that supports positive educational outcomes. Furthermore, this study challenges the theoretical assumptions…

Shulruf, Boaz

2010-01-01

266

Academic Attainment during Commitment and Postrelease Education-Related Outcomes of Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth with disabilities are disproportionately represented in juvenile justice populations and their education-related outcomes and rates of high school graduation are poor. This study examined academic characteristics of youth with and without disabilities ("N" = 4,066) and reports on the education-related outcomes of these youth 3…

Cavendish, Wendy

2014-01-01

267

The Effect of an Economic Crisis on Educational Outcomes: An Economic Framework and Review of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first provides an economic framework for understanding how an economic crisis affects children's educational outcomes; this framework shows that there are both negative (harmful) effects and positive (beneficial) effects on educational outcomes. A review of the empirical evidence suggests that the negative effects are typically…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

268

Learning by reflection: the effect on educational outcomes.  

PubMed

Learning by experience involves being able to reflect on a personal happening and through a process of analysis, come to understand it. Such an activity should result in 'deep learning' when carried out in a structured way. Higher education establishments are keen to develop such learning methods in students, as a secondary effect of this form of learning is to create student independence from the teacher. This is a much sought after ability as recent government changes have meant higher student numbers without a corresponding rise in teacher numbers. This threatens the quality of student knowledge unless it is compensated for in some way. This study sets out to examine the learning of two student groups. The experimental design was that of group comparison using matched pairs of students. One group, the experimental group, were exposed to reflective teaching methods, whilst the other group (the control group) were exposed to conventional teaching methods only. At the end of a set period of time, the learning achieved in both groups was estimated using an especially designed test paper. The results obtained from both groups were compared and it was found that there was no significant difference obtained in the learning between the groups (P>5%) Therefore, we concluded that students learnt just as well using reflective methods when compared to the conventional methods of learning. However, the potential for enhancement of learning was evident and invites further investigation. All the students in this study were on the Diploma in Higher Education (Nursing) course. The subject area used throughout the study was in the biological sciences. PMID:9637331

Lowe, P B; Kerr, C M

1998-05-01

269

Early education and health outcomes of a 2001 U.S. birth cohort.  

PubMed

This paper looks at health outcomes, health behaviors, and health screening with respect to participation in Early Childhood Care and Education. With information on health status at multiple periods in time, we are able to look at whether healthier children select into early childhood education (as measured by center-based preschool care and Head Start), as well as whether early childhood education has immediate and near-term effects on a range of health status measures. There is some evidence that child obesity is ameliorated by participation in center-based preschool or Head Start and this finding is supported by clear evidence of improved nutrition and increased levels of health screening. Effects on other health outcomes such as asthma, ear infections, and respiratory problems may be partially masked by unobserved heterogeneity. PMID:22672886

Belfield, Clive R; Kelly, Inas Rashad

2013-07-01

270

Species richness, equitability, and abundance of ants in disturbed landscapes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ants are used as indicators of environmental change in disturbed landscapes, often without adequate understanding of their response to disturbance. Ant communities in the southeastern United States displayed a hump-backed species richness curve against an index of landscape disturbance. Forty sites at Fort Benning, in west-central Georgia, covered a spectrum of habitat disturbance (military training and fire) in upland forest. Sites disturbed by military training had fewer trees, less canopy cover, more bare ground, and warmer, more compact soils with shallower A-horizons. We sampled ground-dwelling ants with pitfall traps, and measured 15 habitat variables related to vegetation and soil. Ant species richness was greatest with a relative disturbance of 43%, but equitability was greatest with no disturbance. Ant abundance was greatest with a relative disturbance of 85%. High species richness at intermediate disturbance was associated with greater within-site spatial heterogeneity. Species richness was also associated with intermediate values of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), a correlate of net primary productivity (NPP). Available NPP (the product of NDVI and the fraction of days that soil temperature exceeded 25 ??C), however, was positively correlated with species richness, though not with ant abundance. Species richness was unrelated to soil texture, total ground cover, and fire frequency. Ant species richness and equitability are potential state indicators of the soil arthropod community. Moreover, equitability can be used to monitor ecosystem change. ?? 2008 Elsevier Ltd.

Graham, J. H.; Krzysik, A. J.; Kovacic, D. A.; Duda, J. J.; Freeman, D. C.; Emlen, J. M.; Zak, J. C.; Long, W. R.; Wallace, M. P.; Chamberlin-Graham, C.; Nutter, J. P.; Balbach, H. E.

2009-01-01

271

Examining the Gender Gap in Educational Outcomes in Public Education: Involving Pre-Service School Counsellors and Teachers in Cross-Cultural and Interdisciplinary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International educational statistics have reported a gender gap in educational outcomes, with boys falling behind girls in regard to grades, high school graduation and university enrollment and retention. This study involved pre-service teachers and school counsellors in Colleges of Education at three universities on three continents carrying out…

Clark, Mary Ann; Thompson, Paul; Vialle, Wilma

2008-01-01

272

The Hidden Costs of Ethnic Conflict: Decomposing Trends in Educational Outcomes of Young Kosovars. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of ethnic segmentation in education on educational outcomes. Between 1991 and the late 1990s, the Albanian Kosovar population received education services in an informal system parallel to the official one. Using the 2000 Kosovo Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) data, this paper exploits cohort differences in…

Alva, Soumya; Murrugarra, Edmundo; Paci, Pierella

273

Community Education: More than Just a Course. Exploring the Outcomes and Impact of Department of Education and Skills Funded Community Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009 AONTAS commissioned a piece of research to examine the outcomes and impact of community education in relation to the three aims that the Government has defined for it: enhancing learning; fostering empowerment, and contributing to civic society. In part, the research also responds to a need to measure the wider benefits of learning (such…

Bailey, Natasha; Breen, Jessica; Ward, Mark

2010-01-01

274

Working toward equitable opportunities for science students with disabilities: using professional development and technology.  

PubMed

As a result of federal legislation, adolescents with disabilities and other exceptionalities are increasingly included in science and math classes alongside their peers who are typically developing. The effectiveness of this placement option, however, is largely dependent on the skill level of the general educator and the support afforded to this teacher through various channels. Efforts arising from two National Science Foundation grants address both skill and support. Center's Lesson Adaptations for Student Success (CLASS) project used summer professional development opportunities to equip teachers with the knowledge and skills needed to provide students with physical, sensory and learning disabilities equitable access to laboratory and field experiences. Second, to support teachers back in their classrooms, the Ohio Resource Center's Lesson Adaptations for Student Success (OR-CLASS) uses web resources to share high quality, peer-reviewed lesson plans, complete with specific recommendations on adaptations for students with a variety of exceptional learning needs. PMID:20184529

Bargerhuff, Mary Ellen; Cowan, Heidi; Kirch, Susan A

2010-01-01

275

Outcomes-Based Occupational Education Accreditation: A New Vision for Educational Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current practice of accrediting technical education is based on a set of policies and comprehensive standards pertaining to all aspects of the institution. These policies and standards are applied by institutional personnel to conduct a self-study based on the school's mission and by an independent team of technical educators-evaluators to…

Bowman, Harry L.; Brown, G. Wayne

276

Citizenship Education as an Educational Outcome for Young People in Care: A Phenomenological Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study presents a retrospective analysis of how a cohort of young men, who as boys were assigned to residential care in Malta, perceive the citizenship education that they received while "in care" as having empowered them--as boys, adolescents, and eventually as young adults. Rather than focusing on citizenship education that is…

Spiteri, Damian

2012-01-01

277

U.S. dental hygiene faculty perceptions of learner outcomes in distance education courses.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine perceptions of full-time, entry-level dental hygiene educators regarding the ability to achieve interaction in their distance education courses and the impact of interaction on learning outcomes. The specific interactions explored were student-instructor, student-content, and student-student. A survey was developed, pilot tested, revised, and mailed to 287 educators across the United States, generating an overall response rate of 22.3 percent. The majority of respondents perceived interaction to be achievable in their distance courses, to increase through technology, and to positively influence learning outcomes. Nearly 90 percent reported student-instructor interaction as achievable, 95.3 percent reported student-content interaction as achievable, and 79.7 percent reported student-student interaction as achievable. Learning outcomes were defined in this study as the student's achievement of course objectives and competencies at course completion. Approximately 81 percent of the respondents reported a positive influence from student-instructor interaction, 79.7 percent from student-content interaction, and 70.3 percent from student-student interaction. This study also examined which modalities were perceived as being most influential in achieving interaction. The results demonstrated a prevalence of discussion board posting in an environment in which numerous Web 2.0 tools are available and respondents were not as positive about their ability to achieve student-student interaction in the distance learning environment. The authors conclude that faculty development is critical in achieving quality outcomes in dental hygiene distance education courses. PMID:24706682

Corum, Kathrine A; Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C; Johnson, Kerry; Strait, Tia M

2014-04-01

278

If and When Money Matters: The Relationships Among Educational Expenditures, Student Engagement and Students’ Learning Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls for accountability in higher education are prompted in part by questions concerning whether colleges and universities\\u000a use their resources effectively to promote student learning. Unfortunately, too little is known about whether money matters\\u000a to desired outcomes of college. Using students’ responses to the 2004 administration of the National Survey of Student Engagement\\u000a (NSSE) in concert with institutional data from

Gary R. Pike; George D. Kuh; Alexander C. McCormick; Corinna A. Ethington; John C. Smart

2011-01-01

279

Autonomous and controlled regulation of performance-approach goals: Their relations to perfectionism and educational outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research uses self-determination theory to examine whether autonomous and controlled regulation of performance-approach\\u000a (PAp) goals would differentially predict educational outcomes and add to the variance explained by the goal strength. Two\\u000a cross-sectional studies among 10th to 12th grade students supported this hypothesis but showed that when regulations of PAp\\u000a goals were entered into the same regression equation with

Maarten Vansteenkiste; Stijn Smeets; Bart Soenens; Willy Lens; Lennia Matos; Edward L. Deci

2010-01-01

280

Effect of equitation training on health and physical fitness of college females  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited information exists concerning equitation as a viable form of physical activity. The study’s purpose was to quantify effects of an equitation training program on health and physical fitness of college females. Following written informed consent, 15 college females enrolled in equitation and 10 controls (age = 23.6 ± 2.5 years; ht = 165.3 ± 5.3 cm; wt = 62.4 ± 3.4 kg) underwent a comprehensive pre- and post-series of tests to assess cardiorespiratory response

Michael C. Meyers

2006-01-01

281

A pragmatic comparison of two diabetes education programs in improving type 2 diabetes mellitus outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Although it is clear that education programs constitute key elements of improved diabetes management, uncertainty exists regarding the optimal method of delivering that education. In addition to the lack of consensus regarding the most appropriate delivery methods for these programs, there is a paucity of research which evaluates these methods in terms of specific clinical outcomes. This pragmatic study compares the effectiveness of two distinct diabetes education programs in improving clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a primary care setting. Results The two diabetes education classes (n?=?80 enrolled) retrospectively evaluated were ‘the ABC’s of Diabetes’ (one 2-hour didactic teaching session) and ‘Conversation Maps’ (3 highly interactive weekly classes, 6 hours in total). Eligible participants (n?=?32) had their charts reviewed and outcome measures (i.e., glycosylated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c), low density lipoprotein (LDL), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and weight) recorded 1 year prior to and 6 months following the class. Pre- and post-class outcome measures were compared. A trend towards lower HbA1c was observed after completion of both classes, with an average reduction of 0.2%, and 0.6% after 6 months in the ‘ABC’s of Diabetes’ class and ‘Conversation Maps’ class respectively. A significant decrease in weight was observed 6 months after the ‘ABC’s of Diabetes’ class (p?=?0.028), and in LDL after the ‘Conversation Maps’ class (p?=?0.049). Patients with HbA1c???8% showed a drop of 1.1% in HbA1c 3 months after either class (p?=?0.004). Conclusions No significant difference in outcomes was found between the two diabetes education classes assessed. There was a trend towards improved glycemic control after both classes, and patients with high HbA1c levels demonstrated statistically significant improvements. This indicates that shorter sessions using didactic teaching methods may be equally effective in producing improvements in diabetes self-management as more intensive course formats.

2014-01-01

282

Do extra-curricular activities in schools improve educational outcomes? A critical review and meta-analysis of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary schools tend to sponsor a large number of extra-curricular activities (ECA) yet little is known about their contribution\\u000a to students’ educational outcomes. This meta-analysis aims to determine what it is about ECA participation that supports positive\\u000a educational outcomes. Furthermore, this study challenges the theoretical assumptions about the benefits of participation in\\u000a ECA. 29 studies (all except for one based

Boaz Shulruf

2010-01-01

283

Learning Outcomes and Knowledge Sharing using Web-based Technologies in Finnish Forest Education from an Educational Experience Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning outcomes, as a conceptual base, are a recognised phenomenon in higher education. Advances in technology, such as web-based technologies in teaching, have facilitated learning efficiency, while such technologies relation to learning outcomes remains a popular topic of research. In this article, we have employed the feedback of 312 Finnish…

Xia, Belle Selene; Rekola, Mika

2013-01-01

284

The Outcomes and Impacts of Adult Literacy Education in the United States. Appendix A: Abstracts of Studies Reviewed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The outcomes and impacts of adult literacy education in the United States were examined through a qualitative assessment of the pertinent research conducted since the late 1960s. A comprehensive literature search was used to identify; the most credible outcomes and impacts studies, and case studies were prepared for these. This document contains…

Medina, Patsy

285

Paradoxical outcomes in an educational drama about gang rape: ethical responsibilities of practitioners and educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational drama has been embraced as a promising way to address sensitive and highly-charged issues among youth. An Israeli drama, Backyard Games, about gang rape, based on an actual case in a kibbutz [a communal settlement] called Shomrat, is considered the definitive work on the subject in Israeli theatre. Written by Edna Mazya and directed by Oded Kotler, at the

Anat Gesser-Edelsburg

2005-01-01

286

Paradoxical Outcomes in an Educational Drama about Gang Rape: Ethical Responsibilities of Practitioners and Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational drama has been embraced as a promising way to address sensitive and highly-charged issues among youth. An Israeli drama, "Backyard Games", about gang rape, based on an actual case in a kibbutz [a communal settlement] called Shomrat, is considered the definitive work on the subject in Israeli theatre. Written by Edna Mazya and directed…

Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat

2005-01-01

287

Higher order thinking skills competencies required by outcomes-based education from learners.  

PubMed

Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) brought about a significant paradigm shift in the education and training of learners in South Africa. OBE requires a shift from focusing on the teacher input (instruction offerings or syllabuses expressed in terms of content), to focusing on learner outcomes. OBE is moving away from 'transmission' models to constructivistic, learner-centered models that put emphasis on learning as an active process (Nieburh, 1996:30). Teachers act as facilitators and mediators of learning (Norms and Standards, Government Gazette vol 415, no 20844 of 2000). Facilitators are responsible to create the environment that is conducive for learners to construct their own knowledge, skills and values through interaction (Peters, 2000). The first critical cross-field outcome accepted by the South African Qualification Framework (SAQA) is that learners should be able to identify and solve problems by using critical and creative thinking skills. This paper seeks to explore some higher order thinking skills competencies required by OBE from learners such as critical thinking, reflective thinking, creative thinking, dialogic / dialectic thinking, decision making, problem solving and emotional intelligence and their implications in facilitating teaching and learning from the theoretical perspective. The philosophical underpinning of these higher order thinking skills is described to give direction to the study. It is recommended that a study focusing on the assessment of these intellectual concepts be made. The study may be qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods in nature (Creswell 2005). PMID:17131612

Chabeli, M M

2006-08-01

288

Transition Care: Future Directions in Education, Health Policy, and Outcomes Research  

PubMed Central

All youth must transition from pediatric to adult-centered medical care. This process is especially difficult for youth with special health care needs. Many youth do not receive the age-appropriate medical care they need and are at risk during this vulnerable time. Previous research has identified barriers that may prevent effective transition, and protocols have been developed to improve the process. Health outcomes related to successful transition have yet to be fully defined. Health care transition can also be influenced by education of providers, but there are gaps in medical education at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels. Current changes in federal health policy allow improved health care coverage, provide some new financial incentives, and test new structures for transitional care, including the evolution of accountable care organizations (ACO). Future work must test how these systems changes will affect quality of care. Finally, transition protocols exist in various medical subspecialties; however, national survey results show no improvement in transition readiness, and there are no consistent measures of what constitutes transition success. In order to advance the field of transition, research must be done to integrate transition curricula at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels; to provide advance financial incentives and pilot the ACO model in centers providing care to youth during transition; to define outcome measures of importance to transition; and to study the effectiveness of current transition tools on improving these outcomes.

Sharma, Niraj; O'Hare, Kitty; Antonelli, Richard C.; Sawicki, Gregory S.

2014-01-01

289

Longitudinal Impact of Two Universal Preventive Interventions in First Grade on Educational Outcomes in High School  

PubMed Central

This study examined the longitudinal effects of 2 first-grade universal preventive interventions on academic outcomes (e.g., achievement, special education service use, graduation, postsecondary education) through age 19 in a sample of 678 urban, primarily African American children. The classroom-centered intervention combined the Good Behavior Game (H. H. Barrish, Saunders, & Wolfe, 1969) with an enhanced academic curriculum, whereas a second intervention, the Family–School Partnership, focused on promoting parental involvement in educational activities and bolstering parents’ behavior management strategies. Both programs aimed to address the proximal targets of aggressive behavior and poor academic achievement. Although the effects varied by gender, the classroom-centered intervention was associated with higher scores on standardized achievement tests, greater odds of high school graduation and college attendance, and reduced odds of special education service use. The intervention effects of the Family–School Partnership were in the expected direction; however, only 1 effect reached statistical significance. The findings of this randomized controlled trial illustrate the long-term educational impact of preventive interventions in early elementary school.

Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Zmuda, Jessika H.; Kellam, Sheppard G.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2013-01-01

290

Long-Term Outcomes of Services for Two Persons with Significant Disabilities with Differing Educational Experiences: A Qualitative Consideration of the Impact of Educational Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research exists related to effective services in inclusive general education settings for students with significant disabilities, there are no longitudinal investigations of adult outcomes for persons with significant disabilities who received services in inclusive general education settings. This study uses qualitative methods to describe…

Ryndak, Diane Lea; Ward, Terri; Alper, Sandra; Montgomery, Jennifer Wilson; Storch, Jill F.

2010-01-01

291

Feedback Consequences and Steps Toward Implementation: A Guide to Educational Outcome Measurements and Their Uses. Seminar No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is essentially designed as a teaching aid for those who would inform planners, officials of educational ministries, school administrators, principals, and teachers about educational outcome measurements. In outline and graphic form, the guide presents topics for discussion in a seminar dealing with feedback consequences and steps toward…

Mushkin, Selma J.; Billings, Bradley B.

292

Unpacking Neighborhood Influences on Education Outcomes: Setting the Stage for Future Research. NBER Working Paper No. 16055  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We motivate future neighborhood research through a simple model that considers youth educational outcomes as a function of neighborhood context, neighborhood exposure, individual vulnerability to neighborhood effects, and non-neighborhood educational inputs--with a focus on effect heterogeneity. Research using this approach would require three…

Harding, David J.; Gennetian, Lisa; Winship, Christopher; Sanbonmatsu, Lisa; Kling, Jeffrey R.

2010-01-01

293

Latino and Caucasian Students' Academic and Non-Academic Characteristics as Predictors of Educational Outcomes, High School and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pathway to a postsecondary education is challenging for many students, including students from the growing Latino population in the United States. This research project focused on Latino and Caucasian students' academic and non-academic characteristics as predictors of educational outcomes, high school and beyond. The introduction to the…

Sanchez, Jafeth Evelyn

2010-01-01

294

Definition of "Rural" Determines the Placement Outcomes of a Rural Medical Education Program: Analysis of Jichi Medical University Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show the impact of changing the definition of what is "rural" on the outcomes of a rural medical education program. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 643 graduates under obligatory rural service and 1,699 graduates after serving their obligation, all from Jichi Medical University (JMU), a binding rural education program in Japan,…

Matsumoto, Masatoshi; Inoue, Kazuo; Kajii, Eiji

2010-01-01

295

State Special Education Outcomes, 2001: A Report on State Activities at the Beginning of a New Decade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the eighth survey of state directors of special education by the National Center on Educational Outcomes at the University of Minnesota. Results include all 50 states and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, American Samoa, and Palau. State directors report increased participation rates of students with disabilities in state…

Thompson, Sandra; Thurlow, Martha

296

Outcomes from a School-based Nutrition Education Program Using Resource Teachers and Cross-disciplinary Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Integrated Nutrition Project is an ongoing comprehensive elementary school-based program focused on increasing consumption of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables in children and establishing nutrition education in the schools through local partnerships. This paper reports on years three and four outcomes. It was hypothesized that blending Social Cognitive Theory with the educational philosophies of Piaget and Dewey would enhance

Garry W. Auld; Cathy Romaniello; Jerianne Heimendinger; Carolyn Hambidge; Michael Hambidge

1998-01-01

297

Outcomes of Project Wall Talk: An HIV/AIDS Peer Education Program Implemented within the Texas State Prison System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report select outcomes from an evaluation of Project Wall Talk, a community-based, peer-led HIV prevention education program implemented in 36 Texas State prison units. Peer educators completed questionnaires prior to receipt of a 40-hour intensive training (N = 590) and at 9-month follow-up (N = 257). Students (N = 2506) completed…

Ross, Michael W.; Harzke, Amy Jo; Scott, Deborah P.; McCann, Kelly; Kelley, Michael

2006-01-01

298

How effective is drug abuse resistance education? A meta-analysis of Project DARE outcome evaluations.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. Project DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) is the most widely used school-based drug use prevention program in the United States, but the findings of rigorous evaluations of its effectiveness have not been considered collectively. METHODS. We used meta-analytic techniques to review eight methodologically rigorous DARE evaluations. Weighted effect size means for several short-term outcomes also were compared with means reported for other drug use prevention programs. RESULTS. The DARE effect size for drug use behavior ranged from .00 to .11 across the eight studies; the weighted mean for drug use across studies was .06. For all outcomes considered, the DARE effect size means were substantially smaller than those of programs emphasizing social and general competencies and using interactive teaching strategies. CONCLUSIONS. DARE's short-term effectiveness for reducing or preventing drug use behavior is small and is less than for interactive prevention programs.

Ennett, S T; Tobler, N S; Ringwalt, C L; Flewelling, R L

1994-01-01

299

Audit of the Arlington Heights Police Department's Equitable Sharing Program Activities, Arlington Heights, Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of the Inspector General (OIG), Audit Division, has completed an audit of the use of DOJ equitable sharing revenues by the village of Arlington Heights, Illinois, Police Department (Arlington Heights PD). Equit...

2014-01-01

300

48 CFR 1352.271-85 - Documentation of requests for equitable adjustment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or proposes an equitable adjustment to the contract price for a change or an act...include a breakdown of the price adjustment in such form and supported...time of agreement upon the price of the equitable adjustment, the contractor...

2013-10-01

301

L'interet pour les petits producteurs fonde-t-il la consommation de produits equitables ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resume´ Cette etude s'interesse aux liens entre les motivations des consommateurs aacheter des produits issus du commerce equitable et les deux mentions « Commerce equitable » et « Petits producteurs » souvent juxtaposees sur les emballages. Deux enquetes, quali- tative puis quantitative, sur 228 individus, nous permettent de montrer que la perception que les individus ont de ces produits est

Maud Daniel; Nicolas Bricas; Lucie Sirieix; Cirad UMR Moisa; Montpellier France; Montpellier Supagro

2010-01-01

302

Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable, and enduring social bonds.  

PubMed

Analyses of the pattern of associations, social interactions, coalitions, and aggression among chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) in the Okavango Delta of Botswana over a 16-year period indicate that adult females form close, equitable, supportive, and enduring social relationships. They show strong and stable preferences for close kin, particularly their own mothers and daughters. Females also form strong attachments to unrelated females who are close to their own age and who are likely to be paternal half-sisters. Although absolute rates of aggression among kin are as high as rates of aggression among nonkin, females are more tolerant of close relatives than they are of others with whom they have comparable amounts of contact. These findings complement previous work which indicates that the strength of social bonds enhances the fitness of females in this population and support findings about the structure and function of social bonds in other primate groups. PMID:20976293

Silk, Joan B; Beehner, Jacinta C; Bergman, Thore J; Crockford, Catherine; Engh, Anne L; Moscovice, Liza R; Wittig, Roman M; Seyfarth, Robert M; Cheney, Dorothy L

2010-11-01

303

Adult Outcomes as a Function of an Early Childhood Educational Program: An Abecedarian Project Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adult (age 30) educational, economic, and social–emotional adjustment outcomes were investigated for participants in the Abecedarian Project, a randomized controlled trial of early childhood education for children from low-income families. Of the original 111 infants enrolled (98% African American), 101 took part in the age 30 follow-up. Primary indicators of educational level, economic status, and social adjustment were examined as

Frances A. Campbell; Elizabeth P. Pungello; Margaret Burchinal; Kirsten Kainz; Yi Pan; Barbara H. Wasik; Oscar A. Barbarin; Joseph J. Sparling; Craig T. Ramey

2012-01-01

304

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287â312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112â143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75â86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461â467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves studentsâ attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.

Salter, Irene Y.; Atkins, Leslie J.

2013-08-21

305

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75-86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461-467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves students' attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.

Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie

2013-02-01

306

Limits of teacher delivered sex education: interim behavioural outcomes from randomised trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether a theoretically based sex education programme for adolescents (SHARE) delivered by teachers reduced unsafe sexual intercourse compared with current practice. Design Cluster randomised trial with follow up two years after baseline (six months after intervention). A process evaluation investigated the delivery of sex education and broader features of each school. Setting Twenty five secondary schools in east Scotland. Participants 8430 pupils aged 13-15 years; 7616 completed the baseline questionnaire and 5854 completed the two year follow up questionnaire. Intervention SHARE programme (intervention group) versus existing sex education (control programme). Main outcome measures Self reported exposure to sexually transmitted disease, use of condoms and contraceptives at first and most recent sexual intercourse, and unwanted pregnancies. Results When the intervention group was compared with the conventional sex education group in an intention to treat analysis there were no differences in sexual activity or sexual risk taking by the age of 16 years. However, those in the intervention group reported less regret of first sexual intercourse with most recent partner (young men 9.9% difference, 95% confidence interval ?18.7 to ?1.0; young women 7.7% difference, ?16.6 to 1.2). Pupils evaluated the intervention programme more positively, and their knowledge of sexual health improved. Lack of behavioural effect could not be linked to differential quality of delivery of intervention. Conclusions Compared with conventional sex education this specially designed intervention did not reduce sexual risk taking in adolescents. What is already known on this topicDespite the widespread assumption that sex education delivered by teachers can reduce sexual risk taking in young people, there have been few randomised trials large enough to show this and none in the United KingdomSeveral quasi-experimental studies have concluded that sex education is effective, but most randomised trials suggest it is notWhat this study addsImprovements in teacher delivered whole class sex education have some beneficial effect on the quality of young people's sexual relationships but do not influence sexual behaviour

Wight, Daniel; Raab, Gillian M; Henderson, Marion; Abraham, Charles; Buston, Katie; Hart, Graham; Scott, Sue

2002-01-01

307

Outcomes of an intensive couple relationship education program with fragile families.  

PubMed

Couple relationship education (CRE) has been proposed as one means to help fragile families stabilize their relationships. The current research is one of the first studies to look at the outcomes of a CRE program with fragile families in the areas of couple stability and marriage formation. Data were from the Family Formation Project, a federal and state funded program working with fragile family couples (n = 96) in a metropolitan area. A historical cohort control group quasi-experimental research design was used with a matched control group from the Fragile Family and Child Well-being Study. The intervention consisted of in-home education and support, group educational events, and social service referrals. Findings showed that couples had the same rate of couple stability as the control group but an increased rate of marriage. These findings suggest that CRE can help fragile families achieve marriage when that is their goal, but that some fragile families may need more than CRE to help them stabilize their relationship, or they may be better off separating. PMID:24033242

Wilde, Jason L; Doherty, William J

2013-09-01

308

Interventions to address deaths from childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea equitably: what works and at what cost?  

PubMed

Global mortality in children younger than 5 years has fallen substantially in the past two decades from more than 12 million in 1990, to 6·9 million in 2011, but progress is inconsistent between countries. Pneumonia and diarrhoea are the two leading causes of death in this age group and have overlapping risk factors. Several interventions can effectively address these problems, but are not available to those in need. We systematically reviewed evidence showing the effectiveness of various potential preventive and therapeutic interventions against childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia, and relevant delivery strategies. We used the Lives Saved Tool model to assess the effect on mortality when these interventions are applied. We estimate that if implemented at present annual rates of increase in each of the 75 Countdown countries, these interventions and packages of care could save 54% of diarrhoea and 51% of pneumonia deaths by 2025 at a cost of US$3·8 billion. However, if coverage of these key evidence-based interventions were scaled up to at least 80%, and that for immunisations to at least 90%, 95% of diarrhoea and 67% of pneumonia deaths in children younger than 5 years could be eliminated by 2025 at a cost of $6·715 billion. New delivery platforms could promote equitable access and community platforms are important catalysts in this respect. Furthermore, several of these interventions could reduce morbidity and overall burden of disease, with possible benefits for developmental outcomes. PMID:23582723

Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Das, Jai K; Walker, Neff; Rizvi, Arjumand; Campbell, Harry; Rudan, Igor; Black, Robert E

2013-04-20

309

Toward Quality ESL Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the results from 18 round-table discussions and a symposium that involved community, education, and government stakeholders in building a vision for quality, equitable ESL education. The findings suggest six pillars of effective ESL education: comprehensive programming; responsive funding allocation; cultural competence;…

Van Ngo, Hieu

2007-01-01

310

Effect of Retention in First Grade on Parents' Educational Expectations and Children's Academic Outcomes  

PubMed Central

The effect of retention in first grade (Year 1) on parents’ educational expectations was tested in a sample of 530 ethnically diverse and academically at-risk children. Participants attended one of three school districts in Texas. Of the 530 children, 118 were retained in first grade. Retention had a negative effect on parent expectations in Year 2, which was maintained in Year 3. Year 2 parent expectations partially mediated the effect of retention in first grade on Year 3 reading and math achievement and child academic self-efficacy. All effects controlled for Year 1 measures of the outcome. Results were similar across gender, economic adversity, and ethnicity. Implications for minimizing the negative effect of retention on parents’ expectations are suggested.

Hughes, Jan N.; Kowk, Oi-man; Im, MyungHee

2013-01-01

311

Educating the engineers of 2020: An outcomes-based typology of engineering undergraduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Members of government and industry have called for greater emphasis within U.S. colleges and universities on producing engineers who can enter and advance a more competitive, globally connected workforce. Looking toward this future, engineers will need to exhibit strong analytical skills as in the past, but they also will need to be proficient in a cadre of new abilities to compete. This study examines, in combination, an array of knowledge and skills aligned with the National Academy of Engineering's "engineer of 2020." The study has two major goals. The first is to develop a typology of engineering students based on the learning outcomes associated with the engineer of E2020. The second is to understand the educational experiences that distinguish these groups of students who resemble, more or less, the engineer of 2020. This approach acknowledges that engineering graduates need a complex skill set to succeed in the new global economy; it is the combination of skills associated with the engineer of 2020, not the individual skills in isolation, which will ensure graduates can respond to workforce needs of the future. To date, research on student outcomes has studied learning outcomes independent of one another rather than investigating student learning holistically. The study uses student data from the Prototype to production: Processes and conditions for preparing the Engineer of 2020 study, sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF EEC-0550608). Engineering students from a nationally representative sample of engineering programs in the United States answered a survey that collected information on their pre-college academic preparation and sociodemographic characteristics, their curricular and co-curricular experiences in their engineering programs, and their self-ratings of their engineering-related competencies. Only data on engineering students in their senior year (n=2,422) were utilized in analyses. Analyses were conducted in multiple phases for each of five engineering disciplines in the data set (biomedical/bioengineering, chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering). First, cluster analyses produced typologies (or groupings) of engineering seniors (one for each of five engineering disciplines studied and an "all engineering" analysis) based on nine self-reported learning outcomes, including fundamental skills, design skills, contextual awareness, interdisciplinary competence, and professional skills. Second, profiles of pre-college characteristics as well as student experiences in college were developed for each discipline and the five disciplines combined. Using analyses of variance, Chi-square analyses, and multinomial logistic regression, this phase also identified differences in student characteristics and college experiences between clusters of students reporting high proficiencies on the array of outcomes and students in other clusters. This second phase informed the third phase, which produced parsimonious models that used pre-college characteristics and student experience variables to predict cluster membership. As a whole, the findings demonstrate that analyses that include the full array of E2020 learning outcomes produce meaningful typologies that distinguish between groupings of students in different engineering fields. Findings demonstrate that a subset of students – the engineers of 2020 – report high skills and abilities on the full array of learning outcomes. These are the graduates sought by both the federal government and industry who most closely resemble the engineers of 2020. In addition, distinctive curricular and co-curricular experiences distinguish this E2020 group of students in each engineering discipline from other groupings of students in that same discipline. These findings have valuable implications for practice because they identify an array of discipline-specific, in- and out-of-class learning experiences that appear to promote the development of this multi-dimensional set of outcomes. Overall, however, greater curricular emphases on b

Knight, David B.

312

34 CFR 200.65 - Determining equitable participation of teachers and families of participating private school...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...teachers and families of participating private school children. 200.65 Section 200...Participation of Eligible Children in Private Schools § 200.65 Determining equitable...teachers and families of participating private school children. (a)(1) From...

2013-07-01

313

The Search for Equitable Compensation for Religious Teaching in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues related to stipend, compensation, and benefit levels for the religious working in Catholic schools. Stresses the need for the development of a new, more equitable model of compensation. (CBC)

Steinkamp, Kathleen

1985-01-01

314

Analysis of Potential Adjustments to the Veterans Equitable Resource Allocation (VERA) System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Veterans Equitable Resource Allocation (VERA) system was instituted by the VHA in 1997 in a continuing effort to improve the allocation of congressionally appropriated health care funds to the 21 Veterans Integrated Service Networks (VISNs). VERA was ...

J. Wasserman J. Ringel K. Ricci J. Malkin M. Shoenbaum

2003-01-01

315

12 CFR 614.4590 - Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations.  

... false Equitable treatment of OFIs and Farm Credit System associations. 614.4590 Section 614.4590 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Farm...

2014-01-01

316

77 FR 47070 - Withdrawal of the Commission Policy Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies in Competition Cases  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement on Monetary Equitable Remedies in Competition Cases AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission...Policy Statement on Monetary Remedies in Competition Cases. The Commission has now withdrawn...Mark Seidman, Attorney, Bureau of Competition, Federal Trade Commission, 600...

2012-08-07

317

Health care improvement and continuing interprofessional education: continuing interprofessional development to improve patient outcomes.  

PubMed

Health care improvement and continuing professional education must be better understood if we are to promote continuous service improvement through interprofessional learning in the workplace. We propose that situating interprofessional working, interprofessional learning, work-based learning, and service improvement within a framework of social learning theory creates a continuum between work-based interprofessional learning and service improvement in which each is integral to the other. This continuum provides a framework for continuing interprofessional development that enables service improvement in the workplace to serve as a vehicle through which individual professionals and teams can continually enhance patient care through working and learning together. The root of this lies in understanding that undertaking improvement and learning about improvement are co-dependent and that health care professionals must recognize their responsibility to improve as well as complete their everyday work. We believe that significant opportunities exist for health care commissioners, service providers, and educational institutions to work together to promote continuing interprofessional development in the workplace to enhance patient outcomes, and we outline some of the opportunities we believe exist. PMID:19530199

Wilcock, Peter M; Janes, Gillian; Chambers, Alison

2009-01-01

318

Home mechanical ventilation: outcomes according to remoteness from health center and different family education levels.  

PubMed

Throughout the world, home mechanical ventilation (HMV) is being increasingly employed to treat patients suffering from chronic respiratory failure. This present study aimed to examine the characteristics and outcomes of 27 children seen in our department over a four-year period who were treated with HMV. The causes of chronic respiratory failure were as follows: 16 (59.3%) neuromuscular disease, 6 (22.2%) primary respiratory diseases, 3 (11.1%) congenital heart disease, and 2 (7.4%) storage disease. The mean age was 59.4 months (1 day-15 years); mean follow-up for invasive ventilation was 356 (0-1200) days and for non-invasive HMV was 517 (30-1440) days. With respect to maternal educational level, 13 had graduated from elementary school and 14 from high school or university. Nine of our patients resided in Ankara, while 18 lived in rural areas of Turkey. Eleven of the 27 patients died during the HMV period (1-36 months) at home. Five patients were weaned from HMV between 1-19 months. Our experience showed that HMV can be applied successfully in chronic respiratory failure patients in Turkey. Length of the follow-up period and mortality rate were not affected by the patient's place of residence (city center or rural) or maternal level of education. PMID:20718184

Pekcan, Sevgi; Aslan, Ay?e Tana; Kiper, Nural; Köse, Mehmet; Cobanoglu, Nazan; Yalçin, Ebru; Do?ru, Deniz; Ozçelik, U?ur

2010-01-01

319

Partners in advancing care and education solutions study: impact on processes and outcomes of diabetes care.  

PubMed

This study evaluated a comprehensive approach to clinical care, Staged Diabetes Management, and a curriculum to facilitate optimum self-care, Type 2 Diabetes BASICS. The goal was to meet the Diabetes Physician Recognition Program (DFRP) and Education Recognition Program (ERP) criteria. Baseline chart audits were used to identify areas for improvement. Multiple methods were employed to train clinicians and staff and address organizational issues. Improvements in care were supported through consultation and repeated measurements and incentives. Eight centers completed training and submitted final data. None of the centers met DPRP recognition criteria at baseline; 3 centers already had ERP certification. After completing the program, all centers received DPRP and ERP certification. The greatest improvements occurred in documentation of eye and foot examinations. The Partners in Advancing Care and Education Solutions Study, or PACES, program was associated with significant improvements in diabetes care in diverse settings. Focusing on process deficiencies led to significant improvements, and spillover improvements were apparent in the outcome indicators. PMID:19108645

Mazze, Roger S; Powers, Margaret A; Wetzler, Harry P; Ofstead, Cori L

2008-12-01

320

The Human Anatomy Teacher-Scholar: Meeting the Expectations of Educational Outcomes Research, Course Content Innovation, and Textbook Innovation for Educational Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to…

Eckel, Christine Marie

2009-01-01

321

Development and Evaluation of a Curriculum to Improve Educational and Career Outcomes for High School Girls with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the national focus on improving transition services and post-school outcomes, many young women with disabilities still face significant barriers in obtaining meaningful employment and pursuing postsecondary education or training. Although recent reports indicate that the gender gap in employment rates may be diminishing, in this same…

Doren, Bonnie; Lombardi, Allison; Lindstrom, Lauren; Gau, Jeff

2012-01-01

322

The Influence of Peer Victimization on Educational Outcomes for LGBTQ and Non-LGBTQ High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 11,447 high school students were surveyed to test the relation between victimization and the educational outcomes of truancy, post-high school intentions, and grades for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) and non-LGBTQ students. LGBTQ students reported statistically higher truancy, lower grades, greater…

Aragon, Steven R.; Poteat, V. Paul; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Koenig, Brian W.

2014-01-01

323

Outcomes Assessment in Higher Education: Challenges and Future Research in the Context of Voluntary System of Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education institutions are becoming increasingly accountable to stakeholders at many levels as the federal government, accrediting organizations, and the public place a stronger emphasis on student learning outcomes. Evidence of student learning that is comparable across institutions is of urgent demand. Various accountability initiatives…

Liu, Ou Lydia

2011-01-01

324

Personality and Belief System Correlates of Cognitive Outcomes for Teacher Education Students: John Dewey and the NTE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships were examined between scores on the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, Personal Beliefs Inventory, Teaching Practices Inventory, Rokeach Dogmatism Scale, National Teacher Examinations (NTE), and grade point average (GPA) for 55 teacher education students. Significant correlations were established between the cognitive outcomes

Elmore, Randy F.; Ellett, Chad D.

325

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: Overview of the Study and Findings. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report discusses findings from descriptive studies that investigated the context and outcomes of educational programs for students with disabilities who were expected to receive standard high-school diplomas. The nine high schools included three in urban areas, three in suburban areas, and three in rural areas. Principals, special…

Schumaker, Jean B.; Deshler, Donald D.; Lenz, B. Keith; Bulgren, Janis A.; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet

326

The Relationships among Selected Characteristics of Student Outcomes Assessment Programs at American Two- and Four-Year Higher Education Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between attributes of faculty and administrative involvement, sources of internal and external funding, and characteristics of student outcomes assessment at U.S. two- and four-year higher education institutions. Data from selected items of the National Center for Postsecondary…

Womack, Noel C., IV

327

Initial Special Education Placement and Longitudinal Outcomes of Preschool- and Kindergarten-Identified Handicapped Children. [Final Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined how 620 children, identified as handicapped while in preschool or kindergarten, had progressed 3 to 9 years later. The study addressed questions of effectiveness of identification procedures, outcomes of early intervention, handicapping condition and placement level, and educational history. Among results were: Identification…

Raber, Suzanne M.; Frechtling, Joy A.

328

Understanding the Ways in Which Design Features of Educational Websites Impact upon Student Learning Outcomes in Blended Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness, in terms of the attainment of relevant learning outcomes, of the types of learning promoted by educational features commonly incorporated in course management systems. Twenty-one courses with significant use of the Internet, but with face-to-face teaching as the predominant instructional mode, were…

Kember, David; McNaught, Carmel; Chong, Fanny C. Y.; Lam, Paul; Cheng, K. F.

2010-01-01

329

Coordination of Roles of Academic Departments, Evaluation Units, and Institutional Planning Units in Evaluating Educational Program and Student Performance Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coordination of roles of academic departments, evaluation units, and institutional planning units is advocated as an effective approach to evaluating educational program and student performance outcomes. A model to effect this coordination is described in terms of purposes, characteristics, and structure. In the process model, four guideposts,…

Cantwell, Zita M.

330

Adolescents' Educational Outcomes in a Social Ecology of Parenting, Family, and Community Risks in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the influence of social ecological risks within the domains of parenting, family environment, and community in the prediction of educational outcomes for 770 adolescents (49% boys, 51% girls, "M"?=?13.6 years, "SD"?=?2.0) living in a setting of protracted political conflict, specifically working class areas…

Goeke-Morey, Marcie C.; Taylor, Laura K.; Merrilees, Christine E.; Cummings, E. Mark; Cairns, Ed; Shirlow, Peter

2013-01-01

331

Cohorts and Relatedness: Self-Determination Theory as an Explanation of How Learning Communities Affect Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether feelings of relatedness constitute a substantial means by which learning communities (cohorts) improve learning outcomes in higher education. It applies Ryan and Deci's Self-Determination Theory to an analysis of the National Survey of Student Engagement. The SDT hypothesizes that environments that support perceptions…

Beachboard, Martine Robinson; Beachboard, John C.; Li, Wenling; Adkison, Stephen R.

2011-01-01

332

Education Outcomes, School Governance and Parents' Demand for Accountability: Evidence from Albania. Policy Research Working Paper 5643  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which teachers and school directors are held to account may play a central role in determining education outcomes, particularly in developing and transition countries where institutional deficiencies can distort incentives. This paper investigates the relationship between an expanded set of school inputs, including proxies for the…

Serra, Danila; Barr, Abigail; Packard, Truman

2011-01-01

333

The human anatomy teacher-scholar: Meeting the expectations of educational outcomes research, course content innovation, and textbook innovation for educational scholarship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A human anatomy teacher-scholar is a scholar whose area of expertise includes content knowledge of the anatomical sciences (gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and/or neuroanatomy) and whose research interests and focus are centered in medical educational outcomes. The projects described in this dissertation represent endeavors I engaged in to become a human anatomy teacher-scholar. These projects included: (1) prospectively testing a hypothesis, and performing outcomes assessment in a field for which little data (theory) exist (dissection guide educational research project), (2) creating innovative course content that bridged disciplines (cadaver autopsy project), and (3) composing original teaching material for a specific audience (human anatomy laboratory manual). The training of a human anatomy teacher-scholar emphasizes knowledge acquisition in both the basic sciences (particularly gross anatomy) and in educational outcomes research methodology and theory. Therefore, human anatomy teacher-scholars are positioned to create innovative course content and materials and assess the innovations to guide future efforts. These are important skills for faculty members involved in the education of medical students in the U.S. as the medical education system in the U.S. continues to evolve.

Eckel, Christine Marie

334

Inequalities in multiple health outcomes by education, sex, and race in 93 US counties: Why we should measure them all  

PubMed Central

Introduction Regular reporting of health inequalities is essential to monitoring progress of efforts to reduce health inequalities. While reporting of population health became increasingly common, reporting of a subpopulation group breakdown of each indicator of the health of the population is rarely a standard practice. This study reports education-, sex-, and race-related inequalities in four health outcomes in each of the selected 93 counties in the United States in a systematic and comparable manner. Methods This study is a cross-sectional analysis of large, publicly available data, 2008, 2009, and 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends (SMART) and 2008, 2009, and 2010 United States Birth Records from the National Vital Statistics System. The study population is American adults older than 25 years of age residing in the selected 93 counties, representing about 30% of the US population, roughly equally covering all geographic regions of the country. Main outcome measures are: (1) Attribute (group characteristic)-specific inequality: education-, sex-, or race-specific inequality in each of the four health outcomes (poor or fair health, poor physical health days, poor mental health days, and low birthweight) in each county; (2) Overall inequality: the average of these three attribute-specific inequalities for each health outcome in each county; and (3) Summary inequality in total morbidity: the weighted average of the overall inequalities across the four health outcomes in each county. Results The range of inequality across the counties differed considerably by health outcome; inequality in poor or fair health had the widest range and the highest median among inequalities in all health outcomes. In more than 70% of the counties, education-specific inequality was the largest in all health outcomes except for low birthweight. Conclusions It is feasible to extend population health reporting to include reporting of a subpopulation group breakdown of each indicator of the health of the population at a small jurisdictional level using publicly available data. No single group characteristic or health outcome represents the whole picture of health inequalities in a population. Examining multiple group characteristics and outcomes in a comparable manner is essential in reporting health inequalities.

2014-01-01

335

Understanding the determinants of the complex interplay between cost-effectiveness and equitable impact in maternal and child mortality reduction  

PubMed Central

Background One of the most unexpected outcomes arising from the efforts towards maternal and child mortality reduction is that all too often the objective success has been coupled with increased inequity in the population. The aim of this study is to analyze the determinants of the complex interplay between cost-effectiveness and equity and suggest strategies that will promote an impact on mortality that reduce population child health inequities. Methods We developed a conceptual framework that exposes the nature of the links between the five key determinants that need to be taken into account when planning equitable impact. These determinants are: (i) efficiency of intervention scale-up (requires knowledge of differential increase in cost of intervention scale-up by equity strata in the population); (ii) effectiveness of intervention (requires understanding of differential effectiveness of interventions by equity strata in the population); (iii) the impact on mortality (requires knowledge of differential mortality levels by equity strata, and understanding the differences in cause composition of overall mortality in different equity strata); (iv) cost-effectiveness (compares the initial cost and the resulting impact on mortality); (v) equity structure of the population. The framework is presented visually as a four-quadrant graph. Results We use the proposed framework to demonstrate why the relationship between cost-effectiveness and equitable impact of an intervention cannot be intuitively predicted or easily planned. The relationships between the five determinants are complex, often nonlinear, context-specific and intervention-specific. We demonstrate that there will be instances when an equity-promoting approach, ie, trying to reach for the poorest and excluded in the population with health interventions, will also be the most cost-effective approach. However, there will be cases in which this will be entirely unfeasible, and where equity-neutral or even inequity-promoting approaches may be substantially more cost-effective. In those cases, investments into health system development among the poorest that would increase the quality and reduce the cost of intervention delivery would be required before intervention scale-up is planned. Conclusions The relationships between the most important determinants of cost-effectiveness and equitable impact of health interventions used to reduce maternal and child mortality are highly complex, and the effect on equity cannot be predicted intuitively, or by using simple linear models.

Chopra, Mickey; Campbell, Harry; Rudan, Igor

2012-01-01

336

Educational outcomes of a collaborative school-home behavioral intervention for ADHD.  

PubMed

This study evaluated educationally relevant outcomes from a newly developed collaborative school-home intervention (Collaborative Life Skills Program [CLS]) for youth with attention and/or behavior problems. Participants included 17 girls and 40 boys in second through fifth grades (mean age = 8.1 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds. CLS was implemented by 10 school-based mental health professionals at their schools and included 3 integrated components over 12 weeks: group behavioral parent training, classroom behavioral intervention, and a child social and independence skills group. Parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, organizational skills, and homework problems, and teacher-rated academic skills, report card grades, academic achievement, and classroom observations of student engagement were measured before and after treatment. Significant pre-post improvement was found for all measures, with large effect sizes for ADHD symptoms, organizational skills, and homework problems, and medium to large effects for teacher-rated academic skills, report card grades, academic achievement, and student engagement. Improvements in organizational skills mediated the relationship between improvement in ADHD symptoms and academic skills. Significant improvement in both ratings and objective measures (achievement testing, report cards, classroom observations) suggests that improvement exceeded what might be accounted for by expectancy or passage of time. Findings support the focus of CLS on both ADHD symptom reduction and organizational skill improvement and support the feasibility of a model which utilizes school-based mental health professionals as providers. PMID:23506023

Pfiffner, Linda J; Villodas, Miguel; Kaiser, Nina; Rooney, Mary; McBurnett, Keith

2013-03-01

337

Defining Equal Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that opportunities for equal education are inextricably related to other societal factors such as health, welfare, employment, and housing; suggests that equitable distribution of society's finite resources, diversification of educational programs and systems, desegregation, and a redefinition of the Federal government's role in…

Cohen, Wilbur J.

1973-01-01

338

Learning from Comparing: New Directions in Comparative Educational Research. Volume 1: Contexts, Classrooms and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reassesses the contributions of comparative educational research and theory to the understanding of contemporary educational problems and educators' capacity to solve them. The chapters arose from a series of seminars that examined the many changes in comparative education. The volume is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Comparative…

Alexander, Robin, Ed.; Broadfoot, Patricia, Ed.; Phillips, David, Ed.

339

Cohorts and Relatedness: Self-Determination Theory as an Explanation of How Learning Communities Affect Educational Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines whether feelings of relatedness constitute a substantial means by which learning communities (cohorts)\\u000a improve learning outcomes in higher education. It applies Ryan and Deci’s Self-Determination Theory to an analysis of the\\u000a National Survey of Student Engagement. The SDT hypothesizes that environments that support perceptions of social relatedness\\u000a improve motivation, thereby positively influencing learning behavior. The authors propose

Martine Robinson Beachboard; John C. Beachboard; Wenling Li; Stephen R. Adkison

340

Linking Urban Youth to STEM Research: Outcomes of Educational Outreach in Diverse K-12 Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science, Engineering and Mathematics Link, Inc. (SEM Link) is national nonprofit organization that exposes K-12 students to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) research. Since 2005, SEM Link has worked with academic, government, and private industry partners to expose urban youth to STEM research. Its dual-core program model includes an Experimental Design Program and Math and Science Career Academy which enhance STEM educational experiences for culturally and ethnically diverse K-12 students in urban schools and youth-serving community organizations in the San Francisco Bay Area, Atlanta, and Washington, DC. The Experimental Design Program teaches students how to design and conduct experiments for science fairs utilizing research, laboratory, and scientific literacy skills. Science fair judging provides opportunities for students to get feedback on their projects from STEM professionals. SEM Link has supported over 20 science fairs at schools, school districts, community organizations and STEM professional societies. The Math and Science Career Academy connects youth with STEM professionals who engage classes in hands-on research activities, after-school programs, field trips and community events such as STEM career fairs and science festivals. Students are provided with opportunities to engage in hands-on STEM activities, explore STEM careers, and learn about real-world applications of STEM in the classroom, after-school programs, outdoors in community parks and greenspaces, and at academic institutions. Learning outcomes have been enhanced by supplementary, structured STEM activities, such as field experiments and science fair support, and by exposure to scientists and other STEM professionals from underrepresented groups.

Smith, T. T.; Myles, L.

2012-12-01

341

Modifying Flag Football for Gender Equitable Engagement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Flag or touch football is a popular activity unit in American secondary physical education curricula. However, unlike other sports its stigmatization as a masculine-typed activity and frequent inequitable distribution of game play opportunities at the skill positions (e.g., receiver, quarterback) results in the marginalization of female…

Kahan, David

2008-01-01

342

Confronting the Categories: Equitable Admissions without Apartheid Race Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Africa's government requires information on apartheid race classification to implement and monitor racial redress. This has sparked resistance to race classification as a criterion for redress in higher education admissions. I argue that (1) jettisoning apartheid race categories now in favour of either class or "merit" would set back the few…

Erasmus, Z.

2010-01-01

343

How postsecondary education improves adult outcomes for Supplemental Security Income children with severe hearing impairments.  

PubMed

The rapid growth in the number of children participating in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program before the age of 18 has led policymakers to consider new methods of assisting children with disabilities in their transition from school to work. Postsecondary education represents one path that SSI children may take to acquire the skills necessary to enter employment and reduce dependency on the SSI disability program as adults. Yet little is known about SSI children's experience with postsecondary education, let alone their ability to increase their labor market earnings and reduce their time on SSI as adults in the long term. This lack of information on long-term outcomes is due in part to a lack of longitudinal data. This article uses a unique longitudinal data set to conduct a case study of SSI children who applied for postsecondary education at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) within the Rochester Institute of Technology. The data set was created by merging NTID administrative data on the characteristics and experiences of its applicants to Social Security Administration (SSA) longitudinal data on earnings and program participation. We used this data file to estimate the likelihood that an SSI child will graduate from NTID relative to other hearing-impaired NTID applicants, and we estimated the influence of graduation from NTID on participation in the SSI adult program and later success in the labor market. The results of our analysis show that the percentage of NTID applicants who were SSI children increased over time, from a low of 10 percent in 1982 to more than 41 percent in 2000. However, the differences in the probability of graduation from NTID between deaf SSI children and deaf applicants who were not SSI children did not change accordingly. The probability of graduation for SSI children who applied to NTID was 13.5 percentage points lower than for those who were not SSI children. The estimated disparity indicates that targeting college retention programs toward SSI children may be an effective way to improve overall graduation rates. Our results also show that SSI children who graduated from NTID spent less time in the SSI adult program and had higher earnings than SSI children who did not gradu- ate. Compared with SSI children who were accepted to NTID but chose not to attend, SSI children who graduated from NTID left the SSI program 19 months earlier, were less likely to reenter the program, and at age 30 had increased their earnings by an estimated 49 percent. Our findings demonstrate that SSI children need not be relegated to a lifetime of SSI participation as adults, despite the poor overall labor market experience of this population since the creation of the SSI program in 1974. PMID:18457089

Weathers, Robert R; Walter, Gerard; Schley, Sara; Hennessey, John; Hemmeter, Jeffrey; Burkhauser, Richard V

2007-01-01

344

Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs about Equitable Science Teaching: Does Service Learning Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study investigated the effect of community-based service learning on the self-efficacy beliefs of preservice elementary teachers in regards to equitable science teaching and learning. Using the Self-Efficacy Beliefs About Equitable Science Teaching (SEBEST) instrument (Ritter, Boone, & Rubba, 2001), pre- and posttest data from 32…

Cone, Neporcha

2009-01-01

345

20 CFR 234.16 - When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-04-01 true When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person...Death Payment § 234.16 When a widow(er) is eligible as an equitably entitled person. When a widow(er) files for an LSDP and the âliving...

2013-04-01

346

34 CFR 299.7 - What are the factors for determining equitable participation of children and teachers in private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...equitable participation of children and teachers in private schools? 299.7 Section...Services to Private School Students and Teachers § 299.7 What are the factors for...equitable participation of children and teachers in private schools? (a) Equal...

2009-07-01

347

34 CFR 299.7 - What are the factors for determining equitable participation of children and teachers in private...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...equitable participation of children and teachers in private schools? 299.7 Section...Services to Private School Students and Teachers § 299.7 What are the factors for...equitable participation of children and teachers in private schools? (a) Equal...

2010-07-01

348

General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle. NBER Working Paper No. 17504  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy debates about the balance of vocational and general education programs focus on the school-to-work transition. But with rapid technological change, gains in youth employment from vocational education may be offset by less adaptability and thus diminished employment later in life. To test our main hypothesis that any relative labor-market…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger; Zhang, Lei

2011-01-01

349

Crossing the Bridge: GED Credentials and Postsecondary Educational Outcomes. Year One Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most high school non-completers, the GED[R] credential provides a bridge to postsecondary education, but little is known about how successfully GED (General Educational Development) Test candidates make that transition and whether enrollment rates change with time. The American Council on Education (ACE) has begun a three-year longitudinal…

Patterson, Margaret Becker; Zhang, Jizhi; Song, Wei; Guison-Dowdy, Anne

2010-01-01

350

Implementation of Outcomes-Based Accreditation To Assure Quality in Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Occupational Education, Inc. (COE) is a not-for-profit corporation that was established in 1994 to serve as a national accreditor for all providers of postsecondary work force training and education who can meet its standards. The COE has developed a new system of quality assurance for occupational education that emphasizes the…

Bowman, Harry L.; Brown, G. Wayne

351

The Educational Outcomes of Occupational Sub-Baccalaureate Students: Evidence from the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study asks if occupational education bestows advantages or disadvantages on the students who pursue it, and how the educational experiences of occupational students compare to the experiences of students in academic programs. The authors used the Beginning Postsecondary Student Longitudinal Study of 1989-94 and 1995-98 to analyze educational

Alfonso, Mariana; Bailey, Thomas R.; Scott, Marc

352

Good Policy, Good Practice Improving Outcomes and Productivity in Higher Education: A Guide for Policymakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a wide range of successful strategies that states can draw from to increase the educational attainment of their residents while holding down higher education costs. Part I offers examples of strategies, programs, and practices that the authors' research finds can raise educational productivity. Part II describes the levers…

Callan, Patrick M.; Ewell, Peter T.; Finney, Joni E.; Jones, Dennis P.

2007-01-01

353

Education Clauses, State Contexts, and Finance Case Outcomes: Towards a Holistic Constitutional Interpretation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a collection of 54 papers from the 48th annual conference of the Education Law Association held in November 2002. It discusses the role that states' constitutional mandates play in education finance. It examines why, when one of the few constitutionally shared responsibilities of all 50 states is the provision of education,…

DeMoss, Karen

354

Physical Education Outcomes: Grades K-5. Report of the Task Force To Develop HPERD Program Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These program guidelines, based on the 5-point definition of the physically educated person developed by the National Association for Sports and Physical Education (NASPE), provide reference information to states, school districts, and local schools who seek assistance in developing and maintaining quality programs in physical education. Ten…

American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. Eastern District Association.

355

Older Men's and Women's Relationships with Adult Kin: How Equitable Are They?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sought global assessments of marital equitability from 62 older adults, and compared men's and women's global equity feelings concerning their relationships with spouses, aged parents, and adult children. Forty younger adults rated equity of their marriages and relationships with parents and grandparents. Majority of both generations' involvements…

Peterson, Candida C.; Peterson, James L.

1988-01-01

356

Keeping Kids Moving: How Equitable Transportation Policy Can Prevent Childhood Obesity Toolkit--Resource List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This list of resources offers promising strategies that communities and policymakers can use to make sustainable advances in achieving equitable transportation systems. Resources are organized into seven categories: transportation equity, Safe Routes to School, school siting, complete streets, non-motorized transportation, community design, and…

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

357

The implementation of equitable teaching strategies by high school biology student teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers can perpetuate stereotypic cultural beliefs regarding girls' ability in, aptitude for, and suitability for science by their teaching practices and behaviors. As teachers have a major influence on girls' career choices their equitable teaching practices in the classroom are important to encourage all students, but especially girls, to continue with science. Researchers have studied science classrooms and have defined

Kate Scantlebury; Jane Butler Kahle

1993-01-01

358

Gender Safety: A New Concept for Safer and More Equitable Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the development of the concepts of gender equity and school safety, asserting that these conceptualizations are not sufficient to eradicate the problems each targets. Proposes a new approach to this goal of creating and ensuring a safe, equitable school environment that builds upon key aspects of gender equity and school safety but is…

Stein, Nan; Tolman, Deborah L.; Porche, Michelle V.; Spencer, Renee

2002-01-01

359

Indicators for Improving Educational, Employment, and Economic Outcomes for Youth and Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A National Report on Existing Data Sources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes available national data on educational, employment and economic outcomes for youth and young adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) over the years 2000-2010. These data can be used to benchmark progress in improving these outcomes for young adult population across the country and within individual states. Data is…

Sulewski, Jennifer Sullivan; Zalewska, Agnes; Butterworth, John

2012-01-01

360

Continuous quality improvement: an effective strategy for improvement of program outcomes in a higher education setting.  

PubMed

The nursing department at a historically black university has implemented a continuous quality improvement approach to improve its program outcomes. A quality enhancement plan was designed with three major goals: to increase NCLEX-RN pass rates, to improve student advisement processes, and to increase student satisfaction. The strategies implemented to meet these outcomes are described and evaluated. PMID:18770948

Brown, Jennifer Field; Marshall, Bennie L

2008-01-01

361

Outcome Studies of Social, Behavioral, and Educational Interventions: Emerging Issues and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the core features of outcome research and then explores issues confronting researchers who engage in outcome studies. Using an intervention research perspective, descriptive and explanatory methods are distinguished. Emphasis is placed on the counterfactual causal perspective, designing programs that fit culture and context,…

Fraser, Mark W.; Guo, Shenyang; Ellis, Alan R.; Thompson, Aaron M.; Wike, Traci L.; Li, Jilan

2011-01-01

362

The Association between Rural-Urban Continuum, Maternal Education and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Quebec, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Rural relative to urban area and low socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Whether a graded association of increasing magnitude is present across the urban-rural continuum, accounting for SES, is unclear. We examined the association between rural-urban continuum, SES and adverse birth outcomes. Methods:…

Auger, Nathalie; Authier, Marie-Andree; Martinez, Jerome; Daniel, Mark

2009-01-01

363

Standardized Testing for Outcome Assessment: Analysis of the Educational Testing Systems MBA Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of standardized tests for outcome assessment has grown dramatically in recent years. Two driving factors have been the No Child Left Behind legislation, and the increase in outcome assessment measures by accrediting agencies such as AACSB, the international accrediting body for business schools. Despite the growth in usage, little effort…

Wright, Robert E.

2010-01-01

364

Is access to specialist assessment of chest pain equitable by age, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status? An enhanced ecological analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether access to rapid access chest pain clinics of people with recent onset symptoms is equitable by age, socioeconomic status, ethnicity and gender, according to need. Design Retrospective cohort study with ecological analysis. Setting Patients referred from primary care to five rapid access chest pain clinics in secondary care, across England. Participants Of 8647 patients aged ?35?years referred to chest pain clinics with new-onset stable chest pain but no known cardiac history, 7570 with documented census ward codes, age, gender and ethnicity comprised the study group. Patients excluded were those with missing date of birth, gender or ethnicity (n=782) and those with missing census ward codes (n=295). Outcome measures Effects of age, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status on clinic attendance were calculated as attendance rate ratios, with number of attendances as the outcome and resident population-years as the exposure in each stratum, using Poisson regression. Attendance rate ratios were then compared with coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality ratios to determine whether attendance was equitable according to need. Results Adjusted attendance rate ratios for patients aged >65?years were similar to younger patients (1.1, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.16), despite population CHD mortality rate ratios nearly 15 times higher in the older age group. Women had lower attendance rate ratios (0.81, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.84) and also lower population CHD mortality rate ratios compared with men. South Asians had higher attendance rates (1.67, 95% CI 1.57 to 1.77) compared with whites and had a higher standardised CHD mortality ratio of 1.46 (95% CI 1.41 to 1.51). Although univariable analysis showed that the most deprived patients (quintile 5) had an attendance rate twice that of less deprived quintiles, the adjusted analysis showed their attendance to be 13% lower (0.87, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.94) despite a higher population CHD mortality rate. Conclusion There is evidence of underutilisation of chest pain clinics by older people and those from lower socioeconomic status. More robust and patient focused administrative pathways need to be developed to detect inequity, correction of which has the potential to substantially reduce coronary mortality.

Sekhri, Neha; Hemingway, Harry; Walsh, Niamh; Eldridge, Sandra; Junghans, Cornelia; Feder, Gene

2012-01-01

365

Communication and proximity effects on outcomes attributable to sense of presence in distance bioinformatics education  

PubMed Central

Background Online learning is increasingly popular in medical education and sense of presence has been posited as a factor contributing to its success. Communication media influences on sense of presence and learning outcomes were explored in this study. Test performance and ratings of instruction and technology, factors influenced by sense of presence, are compared under four conditions involving different media and degrees of student physical presence: 1) videoconference co-located, 2) webcast co-located, 3) videoconference dispersed, and 4) webcast dispersed. Methods Eighty one first to forth year medical students heard a lecture on telemedicine and were asked to collaboratively search a telemedicine website under conditions where the lecture was delivered by videoconference or one way streaming (webcast) and where students were either co-located or dispersed. In the videoconference conditions, co-located students could use the technology to interact with the instructor and could interact with each other face to face, while the dispersed students could use the technology to interact with both the instructor and each other. In the webcast conditions, all students could use chat to communicate with the instructor or each other, although the co-located students also could interact orally. After hearing the lecture, students collaboratively searched a telemedicine website, took a test on lecture-website content and rated the instruction and the technology they used. Test scores on lecture and website content and ratings of instruction and technology for the four conditions were compared with analysis of variance and chi-square tests. Results There were no significant differences in overall measures, although there were on selected ratings of instruction. Students in both webcast conditions indicated they were encouraged more to follow up on their own and felt instruction was more interactive than co-located videoconferencing students. Dispersed videoconferencing students indicated the highest levels of interaction and there was evidence they interacted more. Conclusion Results do not strongly support proximity as a sense of presence factor affecting performance and attitudes, but do suggest communication medium may affect interactivity.

2011-01-01

366

Undergraduate Learning Outcomes for the 21st Century and Associated Practices: The Case of the College of Education at King Faisal University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focuses on higher education practices associated with learning outcomes for the 21st century, and the degree of their applications in the College of Education at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. The findings show that most of these practices are not implemented or are being administered at a low level. Accordingly, the study calls…

Al-arfaj, Maher M.

2011-01-01

367

An Investigation of the Cost-Benefits and Consumer Outcomes Related to Competency Based Education In a Community College Nursing Program. Final Report, 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three final reports on a competency-based computer-assisted nursing education program at Mt. Hood Community College include the following: (1) the examination and refinement of curricular outcomes; (2) cost analysis of the program relative to nursing education, learner benefits, and effectiveness; and (3) an examination of the relationship between…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

368

Early Educational Intervention, Early Cumulative Risk, and the Early Home Environment as Predictors of Young Adult Outcomes within a High-Risk Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which early educational intervention, early cumulative risk, and the early home environment were associated with young adult outcomes was investigated in a sample of 139 young adults (age 21) from high-risk families enrolled in randomized trials of early intervention. Positive effects of treatment were found for education attainment,…

Pungello, Elizabeth P.; Kainz, Kirsten; Burchinal, Margaret; Wasik, Barbara H.; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.; Campbell, Frances A.

2010-01-01

369

Avoiding the Perils and Fulfilling the Promises of Microfinance: A Closer Examination of the Educational Outcomes of Clients' Children in Nicaragua  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many microfinance advocates claim that micro-credit has a positive effect on the educational outcomes of the children of micro-credit borrowers, and that these educational improvements provide us with evidence that micro-credit institutions are serving the social function for which they have been designed. This paper draws attention to this area…

Holland, Tracey; Wang, Lihua

2011-01-01

370

Long-Term Outcomes of Young Adults Exposed to Maltreatment: The Role of Educational Experiences in Promoting Resilience to Crime and Violence in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether positive educational experiences in midadolescence mitigate the impact of exposure to substantiated maltreatment and reduces young adult antisocial behavior. While there is theoretical and empirical support for the mediating or moderating role of educational experiences on maltreatment and antisocial outcomes, few…

Smith, Carolyn A.; Park, Aely; Ireland, Timothy O.; Elwyn, Laura; Thornberry, Terence P.

2013-01-01

371

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: The Perceptions of Parents of Students with Disabilities. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eighth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined parents' perceptions of the educational program of their children with disabilities. Ten parents of students with disabilities participated in focus groups and provided their ideas and opinions…

Bulgren, Janis A.

372

The Consequences of Schooling: A Review of Research on the Outcomes of Primary Schooling in Developing Countries. Education Development Discussion Paper No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two decades of research on the external efficacy of educational investments in developing countries have produced a persuasive rationale for expanding access to schooling and raising educational attainment levels. Schooling has been associated with such outcomes as the following: (1) rationalistic attitudes conducive to participating in modern…

Eisemon, Thomas Owen

373

Measuring Outcomes of Nursing Practice, Education, and Administration. Proceedings of the Annual SCCEN Research Conference (1st, Austin, Texas, December 4-5, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-five papers on the measurement of outcomes of nursing practice, education, and administration are presented from the 1981 research conference of the Southern Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing. Papers and authors include the following: "Why Nursing Research?" (Hildegard E. Peplau); "Job Satisfaction in Nurse Faculty: Test of a…

Field, William E., Jr., Ed.

374

To What Extent is the Mayer and Salovey (1997) Model of Emotional Intelligence a Useful Predictor of Leadership Style and Perceived Leadership Outcomes in Australian Educational Institutions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have found that transformational leadership is related to positive outcomes in educational institutions. Hence, it is important to explore constructs that may predict leadership style in order to identify potential transformational leaders in assessment and selection procedures. Several studies in non-educational settings have found…

Grunes, Paul; Gudmundsson, Amanda; Irmer, Bernd

2014-01-01

375

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

376

PBL-GIS in Secondary Geography Education: Does It Result in Higher-Order Learning Outcomes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents research on evaluating problem-based learning using GIS technology in a Singapore secondary school. A quasi-experimental research design was carried to test the PBL pedagogy (PBL-GIS) with an experimental group of students and compare their learning outcomes with a control group who were exposed to PBL but not GIS. The results show significant differences in the learning outcomes

Yan Liu; Elisabeth N. Bui; Chew-Hung Chang; Hans G. Lossman

2010-01-01

377

Education and Labour Market Outcomes in Sub-Saharan West Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

(english) The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of education on urban labour market participation and earnings in seven major West African cities. Our results show that although education does not always guard against unemployment, it does increase individual earnings in Abidjan, Bamako, Cotonou, Dakar, Lome, Niamey and Ouagadougou and opens the door to get into the

Mathias Kuepie; Christophe J. Nordman; François Roubaud

2006-01-01

378

Gendered paths: Educational and occupational expectations and outcomes among adult children of immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines young adults’ educational and occupational trajectories over a ten-year period using panel data from the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in California. While many of the young men and women in the study are on straightforward paths to socio-economic success, others are falling well short of their goals and imagined futures. Males begin with lower educational and

Cynthia Feliciano; Rubén G. Rumbaut

2005-01-01

379

Evaluation of Learning Outcomes Using an Educational iPhone Game vs. Traditional Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present an initial study to determine the subject preferences for educational computer games for children, in which 150 education professionals participated. From the results of this first study, we have developed an iPhone game for transmitting knowledge as part of multiculturalism, solidarity and tolerance following established…

Furio, David; Gonzalez-Gancedo, Santiago; Juan, M.-Carmen; Segui, Ignacio; Rando, Noemi

2013-01-01

380

Do educational outcomes in Lebanese universities differ based on the academic model?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine differences in students' perceptions of quality and satisfaction with their educational experience among four types of higher educational models, American, French, Egyptian and Lebanese, in Lebanon. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of over 200 students from each of the seven universities included in the research study were surveyed. Their perceptions were

Diane Issa Nauffal

2009-01-01

381

Using Mobile Phones to Improve Educational Outcomes: An Analysis of Evidence from Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite improvements in educational indicators, such as enrolment, significant challenges remain with regard to the delivery of quality education in developing countries, particularly in rural and remote regions. In the attempt to find viable solutions to these challenges, much hope has been placed in new information and communication technologies…

Valk, John-Harmen; Rashid, Ahmed T.; Elder, Laurent

2010-01-01

382

An Active-Learning Strategies Primer for Achieving Ability-Based Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Active learning is an important component of pharmacy education. By engaging students in the learning process, they are better able to apply the knowledge they gain. This paper describes evidence supporting the use of active-learning strategies in pharmacy education and also offers strategies for implementing active learning in pharmacy curricula in the classroom and during pharmacy practice experiences.

Gleason, Brenda L.; Peeters, Michael J.; Resman-Targoff, Beth H.; Karr, Samantha; McBane, Sarah; Kelley, Kristi; Thomas, Tyan

2011-01-01

383

The Educational Outcomes of Occupational Sub-Baccalaureate Students: Evidence from the 1990S  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational students constitute the majority of enrollments at community colleges. Moreover, over the last 15 years, the ''vocationalization'' of the community college has been one of the most controversial trends in higher education. However, little is known about how the educational experiences of occupational students compare to those of…

Alfonso, M.; Bailey, T.R.; Scott, M.

2005-01-01

384

Outcome of African American Men Screened for Prostate Cancer: The Detroit Education and Early Detection Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeWill early detection impact on stage of disease and recurrence of prostate cancer in a high risk population? We initiated a community based study to educate and recruit African American men for early diagnosis of prostate cancer, that is the Detroit Education and Early Detection (DEED) study. Our objective was to evaluate our recruitment process for this target population, examine

Isaac J. Powell; Lance Heilbrun; Peter L. Littrup; Archilind Franklin; Jean Parzuchowski; Donald Gelfand; Wael Sakr

1997-01-01

385

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in "Sci Educ" 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in "Sci Educ" 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective,…

Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie

2013-01-01

386

Young adult outcomes of the Abecedarian and CARE early childhood educational interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adult benefits for participants in Project CARE were compared with those of the Abecedarian Project, a closely related randomized study of early childhood educational intervention for children from low-income families who were at risk of developmental delays and school failure. CARE replicated Abecedarian's young adult treatment-related educational and vocational attainment gains. CARE data also supported the Abecedarian reduction in marijuana

Frances A. Campbell; Barbara H. Wasik; Elizabeth Pungello; Margaret Burchinal; Oscar Barbarin; Kirsten Kainz; Joseph J. Sparling; Craig T. Ramey

2008-01-01

387

Outcome Evaluation Report for Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Training (PETC-1).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a field test for the Preparing Educational Training Consultants: Skills Trainers instructional system (PETC-I), one of several instructional systems developed by the Improving Teaching Competencies Program of the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. The PETC-I is designed for mass distribution and use in…

Arends, Richard I.; Green, David

388

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes? NBER Working Paper No. 14945  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age based school entry laws force parents and educators to consider an important tradeoff: Though students who are the youngest in their school cohort typically have poorer academic performance, on average, they have slightly higher educational attainment. In this paper we document that for a large cohort of California and Texas natives the school…

Dobkin, Carlos; Ferreira, Fernando

2009-01-01

389

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age based school entry laws force parents and educators to consider an important tradeoff: though students who are the youngest in their school cohort typically have poorer academic performance, on average, they have slightly higher educational attainment. In this paper we document that for a large cohort of California and Texas natives the school…

Dobkin, Carlos; Ferreira, Fernando

2010-01-01

390

Can Outcome-Based Continuing Medical Education Improve Performance of Immigrant Physicians?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Immigrant physicians are a valued resource for physician workforces in many countries. Few studies have explored the education and training needs of immigrant physicians and ways to facilitate their integration into the health care system in which they work. Using an educational program developed for immigrant civilian physicians…

Castel, Orit Cohen; Ezra, Vered; Alperin, Mordechai; Nave, Rachel; Porat, Tamar; Golan, Avivit Cohen; Vinker, Shlomo; Karkabi, Khaled

2011-01-01

391

Defining and assessing competence: the distraction of outcomes and the importance of educational process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of competence is in common usage in various areas of education and training at present, and it is evident from these different usages that it has a variety of meanings. These meanings are explored, with particular attention being paid to the increasing influence of the National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) initiative and the rise of vocational education. It is

Frank Milligan

1998-01-01

392

Factors, Processes and Outcomes of Early Immersion Education in the Francophone Community in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Belgium is characterized by a widespread consensus that a functional proficiency in the two major national languages, Dutch and French, as well as in English is desirable, educational provision to achieve such proficiency has long been constrained by an official language policy which mandates that education must be monolingual in Dutch,…

Buyl, Aafke; Housen, Alex

2014-01-01

393

Social Outcomes of Students Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing in General Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with hearing loss attending general education classrooms have been reported to experience difficulties in social skills and relationships. This 5-year longitudinal study examined the social skills and problem behaviors of students who were deaf or hard of hearing, and who attended general education classrooms. Data were obtained from…

Antia, Shirin D.; Jones, Patricia; Luckner, John; Kreimeyer, Kathryn H.; Reed, Susanne

2011-01-01

394

Physical Education Resources, Class Management, and Student Physical Activity Levels: A Structure-Process-Outcome Approach to Evaluating Physical Education Effectiveness  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND This study was conducted to empirically evaluate specific human, curricular, and material resources that maximize student opportunities for physical activity during physical education (PE) class time. A structure-process-outcome model was proposed to identify the resources that influence the frequency of PE and intensity of physical activity during PE. The proportion of class time devoted to management was evaluated as a potential mediator of the relations between resource availability and student activity levels. METHODS Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from interviews conducted with 46 physical educators and the systematic observation of 184 PE sessions in 34 schools. Regression analyses were conducted to test for the main effects of resource availability and the mediating role of class management. RESULTS Students who attended schools with a low student-to-physical educator ratio had more PE time and engaged in higher levels of physical activity during class time. Access to adequate PE equipment and facilities was positively associated with student activity levels. The availability of a greater number of physical educators per student was found to impact student activity levels by reducing the amount of session time devoted to class management. CONCLUSION The identification of structure and process predictors of student activity levels in PE will support the allocation of resources and encourage instructional practices that best support increased student activity levels in the most cost-effective way possible. Implications for PE policies and programs are discussed.

Bevans, Katherine B.; Fitzpatrick, Leslie-Anne; Sanchez, Betty M.; Riley, Anne W.; Forrest, Christopher

2011-01-01

395

Learner feedback and educational outcomes with an internet-based ambulatory curriculum: a qualitative and quantitative analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Online medical education curricula offer new tools to teach and evaluate learners. The effect on educational outcomes of using learner feedback to guide curricular revision for online learning is unknown. Methods In this study, qualitative analysis of learner feedback gathered from an online curriculum was used to identify themes of learner feedback, and changes to the online curriculum in response to this feedback were tracked. Learner satisfaction and knowledge gains were then compared from before and after implementation of learner feedback. Results 37,755 learners from 122 internal medicine residency training programs were studied, including 9437 postgraduate year (PGY)1 residents (24.4?% of learners), 9864 PGY2 residents (25.5?%), 9653 PGY3 residents (25.0?%), and 6605 attending physicians (17.0?%). Qualitative analysis of learner feedback on how to improve the curriculum showed that learners commented most on the overall quality of the educational content, followed by specific comments on the content. When learner feedback was incorporated into curricular revision, learner satisfaction with the instructive value of the curriculum (1?=?not instructive; 5?=?highly instructive) increased from 3.8 to 4.1 (p?educational outcomes. Online curricula should be designed to include a mechanism for learner feedback and that feedback should be used for future curricular revision.

2012-01-01

396

Social Competence Intervention for Parents (SCI-P): Comparing Outcomes for a Parent Education Program Targeting Adolescents with ASD.  

PubMed

Research has shown that parent education programs can address some of the distinct challenges that parents of youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) encounter. This study examined the effectiveness of the Social Competence Intervention for Parents (SCI-P), a parent education program, administered in conjunction with a social competence intervention that targeted youth with ASD ages 11-14 (SCI-A). Using a quasi-experimental pre-post design, parents were assigned to either the SCI-P group (n = 16) or to the waitlist comparison group (n = 10). Analyses of covariance (ANCOVAs) revealed a significant effect for parent education participation such that SCI-P participants experienced significantly greater reductions in levels of stress and a trend for increases in parenting sense of competence from pre- to post-intervention. Moreover, parents in the SCI-P group reported high satisfaction with the program. These findings suggest that parent education can result in positive outcomes for parents' well being. PMID:22934178

Schultz, Tia R; Stichter, Janine P; Herzog, Melissa J; McGhee, Stephanie D; Lierheimer, Kristin

2012-01-01

397

The ELDER Project: Educational Model and Three-Year Outcomes of a Community-Based Geriatric Education Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the ELDER (Expanded Learning and Dedication to Elders in the Region) Project was to address the needs of underserved older adults by providing worksite education to individuals who provide nursing care to older adults in community health centers, home health agencies, and long-term care facilities. Four agencies located in a Health…

Lange, Jean W.; Mager, Diana; Greiner, Philip A.; Saracino, Katherine

2011-01-01

398

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Center for Research and Reform in Education, 2012

2012-01-01

399

Desegregation, the Attack on Public Education, and the Inadvertent Critiques of Social Justice Educators: Implications for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition in teacher education that in order to work toward a more equitable and just society, programs of teacher education must explicitly engage with the political commitments of teachers and teacher educators (Cochran-Smith, 2005). They must prepare prospective teachers to address "societal structures that perpetuate…

Philip, Thomas M.

2012-01-01

400

Education Reforms in Cambodia: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper identifies…

Tan, Charlene

2007-01-01

401

Species dominance and equitability: patterns in Cenozoic foraminifera of eastern North America  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Species dominance in benthonic foraminifera, represented by percent of the assemblage composed of the single most abundant species, shows little change in observed range of values from shallow into deep-marine waters in 1005 samples from the Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, and Arctic margins of North America. This finding contrasts with the model that species dominance is highest in shallow-marine environments and decreases offshore into deeper marine waters. Equitability, the relation of all species abundances within an assemblage, also shows little change between the values found in shallow-marine assemblages and those found in assemblages from deeper water environments. Equitability and dominance values found in 421 assemblages from Palaeocene, Eocene, Miocene, and Pleistocene strata of the Atlantic and E Gulf of Mexico coastal plains are similar to the modern values. -from Authors

Gibson, T. G.; Hill, E. E.

1992-01-01

402

Equitable aspects of access to and use of the geostationary satellite orbit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geostationary satellite orbit (GSO) and the radio frequency spectrum used by satellites in that orbit are mislabelled as "limited natural resources" by the international community. These physical phenomena are being expanded for use, they exist in perpetuity, they are inexhaustible, and they are not subject to sovereign claims or exclusive use by any nation. The geostationary satellite orbit's use must be a matter of pragmatic and reciprocal international cooperation and accommodation. In this situation, the GSO planning activities in the International Telecommunication Union must take into account not only the desires of nations to obtain access to the orbit, but also the equitability of claims made for use of the orbit. Treating the radio frequency spectrum and the GSO as a closed set of "limited natural resources" is not likely to produce the most efficient or effective results of any planning process. This paper explores equitable aspects of access to and the future use of the GSO.

Doyle, Stephen E.

403

General practitioner deprivation payments in Northern Ireland: is the current system equitable?  

PubMed Central

The allocation of General practitioners deprivation payments has been a contentious issue since it was first proposed. This paper examines the method of allocation of such payments in Northern Ireland. A more equitable system would be based on enumeration districts, have a lower Jarman score and a closer relationship between Jarman score and remuneration. Unlike other parts of the UK these changes are now possible in Northern Ireland and should be implemented.

O'Reilly, D.; Steele, K.

1998-01-01

404

A polynomial-time algorithm to find an equitable home-away assignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a polynomial-time algorithm to find an equitable home-away assignment for a given timetable of a round-robin tournament. Our results give an answer to a problem raised byElf et al. (Oper. Res. Lett. 31 (2003) 343), which concerns the computational complexityof the break minimization problem in sports timetabling. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ryuhei Miyashiro; Tomomi Matsui

2005-01-01

405

Outcomes of an Interdisciplinary Study Abroad Course: Learning Spanish and Multicultural Education Concurrently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the outcomes of undergraduate students completing a pilot Interdisciplinary Intensive Course Abroad (IICA) with a service learning component. The IICA model is comprised of a three-part sequence of study that includes a seven-week course on campus, followed by three weeks of study abroad, and a summative seven-week course back…

Smith, Tami Kopischke; Moreno-Lopez, Isabel

2012-01-01

406

Unintended/Unexpected Outcomes of Computer Usage in Higher Education. AIR 1987 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unpredicted ways in which the use of computers has affected social interactions in colleges and universities are considered. Information was gathered from a literature review and from personal observations. One outcome of introducing computers into an academic or administrative unit is the development of alliances depending on prior experience…

Muffo, John A.; Conner, Mark E.

407

Do Student Achievement Outcomes Differ across Teacher Preparation Programs? An Analysis of Teacher Education in Louisiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement outcomes for students taught by recent program completers of Louisiana's teacher preparation programs (TPPs) are examined using hierarchical linear modeling of State student achievement data in English language arts, reading, mathematics, science, and social studies. The current year's achievement in each content area is predicted…

Gansle, Kristin A.; Noell, George H.; Burns, Jeanne M.

2012-01-01

408

Educational Outcomes of Children Adopted from Eastern Europe, Now Ages 8-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 230,000 children have been adopted from other countries by American parents since 1989, including more than 72,000 from Eastern Europe. Many arrive with growth and development delays, and medical problems. Yet, little is known about the long-term outcomes for these children. Therefore, we assessed long-term developmental,…

Tirella, Linda Grey; Chan, Wilma; Miller, Laurie C.

2006-01-01

409

Academic Outcome Trajectories of Students with ADHD: Does Exceptional Education Status Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with poor academic performance, but little is known about learning trajectories and risk factors for poor academic outcomes. This study investigates the relationship between ADHD and academic performance in students with ADHD (n = 87), students with subclinical ADHD (n = 23), and…

Bussing, Regina; Porter, Phillip; Zima, Bonnie T.; Mason, Dana; Garvan, Cynthia; Reid, Robert

2012-01-01

410

The Determinants of Educational Outcomes: The Impact of Families, Peers, Teachers, and Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the results of 15 years of input-output (I-O) research on schooling effectiveness. The I-O approach identifies and measures the inschool and out-of-school factors that contribute to schooling outcomes, especially reading skills and verbal and mathematics achievement. Five categories of inputs are reviewed in this textbook: (1)…

Bridge, R. Gary; And Others

411

How Features of Educational Technology Applications Affect Student Reading Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this review is to learn from rigorous evaluations of alternative technology applications how features of using technology programs and characteristics of their evaluations affect reading outcomes for students in grades K-12. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards.…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

412

Success for All: First-Year Outcomes of a Comprehensive Plan for Reforming Urban Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-year outcomes are reported for Success for All--a program designed to bring all children to grade level in basic skills by the third grade. The program uses one-to-one tutoring, reading methods, frequent assessment, enhanced preschool and kindergarten programs, family support, and other interventions to prevent learning problems from…

Slavin, Robert E.; And Others

1990-01-01

413

Effects of Reflection Prompts on Learning Outcomes and Learning Behaviour in Statistics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting from difficulties that students display when they deal with correlation analysis, an e-learning environment ("Koralle") was developed. The design was inspired by principles of situated and example-based learning. In order to facilitate reflective processes and thus enhance learning outcomes, reflection prompts were integrated into the…

Stark, Robin; Krause, Ulrike-Marie

2009-01-01

414

The effect of inquiry teaching and advance organizers upon student outcomes in science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two areas of research were explored in this meta-analysis: comparison of inductive versus deductive teaching approachs, and the use of advance organizers. This study involved the coding of 128 characteristics for 39 studies which spanned the period from 1957 through 1980. The coding variables included 57 which were concerned with features of the treatment while 12 were concerned with outcome

Gerald W. Lott

1983-01-01

415

Intensity and Attachment: How the Chaotic Enrollment Patterns of Community College Students Relate to Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between community college enrollment patterns and student outcomes--credential completion and transfer to a 4-year institution--introducing a new way of visualizing the various attendance patterns of community college students. Patterns of enrollment intensity (full- or part-time status) and continuity…

Crosta, Peter M.

2014-01-01

416

Student Success Courses in the Community College: Early Enrollment and Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment, as well as student and institutional characteristics, has positive associations with shorter-term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2013-01-01

417

Student Success Courses and Educational Outcomes at Virginia Community Colleges. CCRC Working Paper No. 40  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Virginia Community College System and building upon prior Florida-based research, this study examines whether student success course enrollment has positive associations with shorter term student outcomes, including earning any college credits within the first year and persisting into the second year. The present study finds…

Cho, Sung-Woo; Karp, Melinda Mechur

2012-01-01

418

Postsecondary Education Employment and Independent Living Outcomes of Persons with Autism and Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to report employment and independent living outcomes of 125 graduates from the Taft College Transition to Independent Living (TIL) program. The TIL program has served students with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including autism spectrum disorder, since 1995. The TIL program follows graduates from the time of…

Ross, Jeffrey; Marcell, Jamia; Williams, Paula; Carlson, Dawn

2013-01-01

419

Equitable Distribution of Benefits in Integration Schemes Among the Less Developed Countries: The Andean Group. (330.15-M831).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

All economic integration schemes among less developed countries which have been established to date have foundered on the problem of how to equitably distribute the benefits arising from the existence of the scheme. The Cartagena Agreement of the Andean G...

D. Morawetz

1972-01-01

420

Catalyzing Equitable Development: An Initiative to Institutionalize a Gender Perspective in PVO and NGO Work in the Field.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Catalyzing Equitable Development (CED) Program responded to two questions that are key to gender equality and effective development. First, can organizations effectively integrate gender in their programs and operations. And second, to the extent they...

2007-01-01

421

Education Reform and Social Change. Multicultural Voices, Struggles, and Visions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selections in this collection offer the stories of real-life educators as they work to build a more participatory and equitable educational future for their students in bilingual and multicultural education. Also included are the voices of parents, students, and advocates of change as they work on educational and social change processes. The…

Walsh, Catherine E., Ed.

422

Education for All: National Plan of Action, 2003-2015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) Education for All National Plan of Action (EFA NPA) for 2003-2015 seeks to accomplish three major tasks: equitable access, improved quality and relevance and strengthened education management. Purpose: To design a National Education For All Action Plan for basic education in Lao PDR which…

Online Submission, 2005

2005-01-01

423

Towards an Education for Social Justice: Ethics Applied to Education. New International Studies in Applied Ethics. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book challenges educators to envisage an education system which sees as its goal a more socially just world. It explores the question of how education, both formal and informal, can positively impact on all pupils' life chances and life experiences. The contributors to the book take the view that access to an equitable education for all is a…

Cotton, Tony, Ed.

2012-01-01

424

Success for All: First-Year Outcomes of a Comprehensive Plan for Reforming Urban Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the first year's outcomes of Success for All, a program designed to bring all children to grade level in basic skills by the third grade. The program uses one-to-one tutoring, research-based reading methods, frequent assessment, enhanced preschool and kindergarten programs, family support, and other interventions to prevent learning problems from developing. An evaluation of the program in

Robert E. Slavin; Nancy A. Madden; Nancy L. Karweit; Barbara J. Livermon; Lawrence Dolan

1990-01-01

425

Investing in Education Powers U.S. Competitiveness: Education Funding Must Be Preserved  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is the key to American competitiveness and a strong economy, and continued federal investment in education is needed in order to support improvements in student achievement and put American economy on the path to sustained growth. The United States must continue to invest in education in order to create a system that is more equitable

Epstein, Diana

2012-01-01

426

Analysis of Subsequent Educational Decisions of High School Dropouts and Their Life Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used data for a representative sample of 8th graders from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988. The intent was to (1) compare student's dropout status with variables such as demographics, academic and economic factors, limited English proficiency status, and other risk factors of dropping out, (2) distinguish factors…

Chan, Chi-Keung; Kato, Kentaro; Davenport, Ernest C., Jr.; Guven, Kamil

427

Health Care Improvement and Continuing Interprofessional Education: Continuing Interprofessional Development to Improve Patient Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care improvement and continuing professional education must be better understood if we are to promote continuous service improvement through interprofessional learning in the workplace. We propose that situating interprofessional working, interprofessional learning, work-based learning, and service improvement within a framework of social…

Wilcock, Peter M.; Janes, Gillian; Chambers, Alison

2009-01-01

428

Educating Counselors in Vocational Guidance: The Process and the Outcomes in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vocational Inservice Program (VIP) for Public School Counselors in Oklahoma apprised counselors of the role of career development, vocational guidance, and vocational education and raised their awareness of the resources and opportunities available to them and their students. VIP was composed of three 2-day workshops that offered training for…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Research Div.

429

Resilient Educational Outcomes: Participation in School by Youth with Histories of Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disrupted high school experiences, including dropout, are educational consequences for many youth with histories of homelessness. Using an ecological resilience prediction model (ERPM) based on the literature on resilience in at-risk youth, the study followed 82 youth who were initially homeless for a 2-year period, to identify predictors of…

Hyman, Sophie; Aubry, Tim; Klodawsky, Fran

2011-01-01

430

New Perspectives on Theory-to-Practice: Implications for Transforming Teacher Education and Child Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the importance of the relationship between theory and practice to the quality of early childhood education, this paper deals with two issues: (1) translating available empirical and theoretical knowledge into effective practice, and (2) what Lilian Katz's work, collectively, would then indicate for a model of teacher and caregiver…

VanderVen, Karen

431

Evaluating a Nutrition Education Program for Pregnant Teen-Agers: Cognitive vs. Behavioral Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A manual on nutrition during pregnancy and lactation was developed and used with pregnant teenagers. Evaluation of the program showed that, while participants' knowledge of nutrition improved, their eating habits did not. The need for behavioral assessment of nutrition education programs is pointed out. (Author/PP)

Perkin, Judy

1983-01-01

432

Outcomes-Based Accreditation of Technical Education: A Strategy To Promote Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new system of quality assurance for occupational or technical education that is emerging emphasizes three components: (1) occupational skill standards as the basis for program design; (2) skill assessment/certification as the basis for assessing program effectiveness with individuals; and (3) job placement of training recipients as the basis…

Bowman, Harry L.; Brown, G. Wayne

433

Accreditation Outcomes, Quality of and Access to University Education in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In response to the challenges of enhancing quality, the agency of government which is responsible for coordinating university education in Nigeria, the National Universities Commission, evolved a system of academic programme accreditation in 1991 to ensure conformity with minimum standards and to promote quality. The purpose of this paper…

Alani, R. A.; Ilusanya, Gboyega

2008-01-01

434

The Effects of Computer-Assisted Feedback Strategies in Technology Education: A Comparison of Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of computer-assisted feedback strategies that have been utilized by university students in a technology education curriculum. Specifically, the study examined the effectiveness of the computer-assisted feedback strategy "Knowledge of Response feedback" (KOR), and the "Knowledge of Correct Responses feedback"…

Adams, Ruifang Hope; Strickland, Jane

2012-01-01

435

Perceptions of LIS Development in Vietnam: Educational Outcomes and the Way Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors have been involved in the design and delivery of several LIS training and education programs in Vietnam in recent years. This activity has led them to become aware of library developments and initiatives taking place within Vietnam, and of issues that will affect future development of the library and information industry. Some of these…

Murray, Janet; Welch, Bernadette

2009-01-01

436

Criteria for Accreditation in Vietnam's Higher Education: Focus on Input or Outcome?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to analyse the development of accreditation standards and processes in Vietnam and to offer recommendations for the further progress of Vietnam's accreditation model. The authors first provide contextual details of the higher education system and then present the conceptual framework of quality assurance in relation…

Nguyen, Kim D.; Oliver, Diane E.; Priddy, Lynn E.

2009-01-01

437

Improving Educational Outcomes of Hispanic Students in a Professional Degree Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to reduce the educational achievement gap of Hispanic students in a professional degree program, two courses grounded in the Keller method were implemented at a pharmacy school. The Keller method is characterized by breaking course content into modules, then allowing students to test and repeatedly remediate and retest until…

Fike, David S.; McCall, Kenneth L.; Raehl, Cynthia L.; Smith, Quentin R.; Lockman, Paul R.

2010-01-01

438

Fostering outcomes through education: a systems approach to collaboration and creativity.  

PubMed

Across the country, integrated health care systems continue to emerge and expand. Large multifacility organizations can present both challenges and opportunities for nursing professional development and continuing education activities. This article will explore how one large multifacility system is addressing the varied learning needs of nursing staff across the enterprise. PMID:24702050

Smith, Elaine L

2014-04-01

439

The Stratification of Students in Israeli Universities: Persistent Outcomes of an Educational Expansion Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expansion trends of higher education systems involve the planned growth of new universities, frequently stratified lower than established ones in academic breadth and excellence as well as in the socio-demographic origins of their students. The persistence of this internal stratification of the university system subsequent to its expansion remains…

Yogev, Abraham

2007-01-01

440

The Impact of Adolescent Stuttering on Educational and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from a Birth Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In interview and survey studies, people who stutter report the belief that stuttering has had a negative impact on their own education and employment. This population study sought objective evidence of such disadvantage for people who stutter as a group, compared with people who do not stutter. Method: A secondary analysis of a British…

McAllister, Jan; Collier, Jacqueline; Shepstone, Lee

2012-01-01

441

Does Patient Partnership in Continuing Medical Education (CME) Improve the Outcome in Osteoporosis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patients (n=672) were screened and instructed about osteoporosis; 53 of their physicians attended lectures, a control group did not. A survey of 258 patients showed doctor-ordered screening tests increased regardless of lecture attendance. Increased patient-initiated discussions about osteoporosis suggest that patient education is effective.…

Pazirandeh, Mahmood

2002-01-01

442

Improving Diabetes Outcomes Using a Web-Based Registry and Interactive Education: A Multisite Collaborative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: To support the adoption of guideline concordant care by primary care practices, the New York Diabetes Coalition (NYDC) promoted use of an electronic diabetes registry and developed an interactive educational module on using the registry and improving patient communication. The NYDC hypothesized that use of a registry with immediate…

Morrow, Robert W.; Fletcher, Jason; Kelly, Kim F.; Shea, Laura A.; Spence, Maureen M.; Sullivan, Janet N.; Cerniglia, Joan R.; Yang, YoonJung

2013-01-01

443

Long-Term Educational Programs in Nature Parks: Characteristics, Outcomes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study on long-term educational programs (LTP) in nature, facilitated by an environmental agency we followed two distinct programs enacted in schools and in nature parks as case studies. Data were collected through observations of activities in schools and in the outdoors and through interviews with students, teachers and facilitators. In…

Morag, Orly; Tal, Tali; Rotem-Keren, Tammy

2013-01-01

444

Diabetes education and care management significantly improve patient outcomes in the dialysis unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The incidence of diabetes mellitus, particularly type 2, is increasing in the general population. Similarly, the incidence of patients with diabetes mellitus who develop end-stage renal disease has increased concomitantly in the dialysis facility to 44% of patients starting dialysis therapy with diabetes mellitus as their primary diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine whether intensive education

Stephen D. McMurray; Greg Johnson; Stephen Davis; Kathryn McDougall

2002-01-01

445

Positive Discrimination in Education: A Comparative Investigation of Its Bases, Forms, and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores some basic theoretical questions pertaining to positive discrimination in education, drawing from empirical experiences of several countries that have practiced it in one form or another--the United States, India, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. Encompasses policies and practices that have variously been called reverse discrimination,…

Wang, Bee-Lan Chan

1983-01-01

446

Educational Outcomes for Children At-Risk: The Influence of Individual Differences in Children's Temperaments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual differences in temperament can be protective or risk factors that may enhance or interfere with children's healthy development and educational success. This study examined the concurrent and predictive relationships between temperament, school adjustment, and academic achievement in children at-risk. Seventy-seven children at-risk, ages…

Al-Hendawi, Maha; Reed, Evelyn

2012-01-01

447

An Outcome Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Pre-Registration Midwifery Programmes of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project evaluated 23 preregistration midwifery education programs in Britain. Phase 1 reviewed the programs and identified a cohort of students for indepth study. Phase 2 followed this cohort into their first year in practice. A survey selected six case study sites. Findings showed a common cause of attrition was students being unable to balance…

Fraser, Diane; Murphy, Roger; Worth-Butler, Michelle

448

The Effects of Distance Education on K-12 Student Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community of K-12 education has seen explosive growth over the last decade in distance learning programs, defined as learning experiences in which students and instructors are separated by space and/or time. While elementary and secondary students have learned through the use of electronic distance learning systems since the 1930s, the…

Cavanaugh, Cathy; Gillan, Kathy Jo; Kromrey, Jeff; Hess, Melinda; Blomeyer, Robert

2004-01-01

449

African Americans and Mathematics Outcomes on National Assessment of Educational Progress: Parental and Individual Influences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated within group differences between African American female and male students who participated in the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment. Using results from participating states, we compare average scale scores of African American students based on home regulatory environment and interest…

Noble, Richard, III; Morton, Crystal Hill

2013-01-01

450

The Efficacy of Private Sector Providers in Improving Public Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts required under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to provide supplemental educational services (SES) to students in schools that are not making adequate yearly progress rely heavily on the private sector to offer choice in services. If the market does not drive out ineffective providers, students may not gain through SES participation.…

Heinrich, Carolyn J.; Nisar, Hiren

2013-01-01

451

Alternative Teacher Education Programs: A Review of the Literature and Outcome Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview on alternative teacher education programs (ATEP). This review covers the formation, development and design of these non-traditional certification approaches over the past 2 decades. The major reasons for the viability of these programs are presented. Moreover, research studies on critical issues such as teacher…

Suell, Jo Lynn; Piotrowski, Chris

2007-01-01

452

The Beneficial Outcome of a Successful Mentoring Relationship: The Development of Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years there has been very high international interest around induction programmes aiming for the smooth integration of newcomer teachers in the working environment of the school unit. In addition, educational systems in many countries lay great importance on the provision of equal opportunities to all students and the provision of a more…

Angelides, Panayiotis; Mylordou, Anthi

2011-01-01

453

Outcomes of On-Line Financial Education for Chronically Ill Rural Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was part of a larger longitudinal study of chronically ill rural women to determine if computer technology could be effective in allowing the women to take control of their own well-being, including finances. The current study examined whether chronically ill rural women can effectively use on-line personal finance educational

Haynes, Deborah C.; Haynes, George W.; Weinert, Clarann

2011-01-01

454

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best Evidence Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades K-6 were included…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2012-01-01

455

Effects of Educational Technology Applications on Reading Outcomes for Struggling Readers: A Best-Evidence Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effectiveness of educational technology applications in improving the reading achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. The review applies consistent inclusion standards to focus on studies that met high methodological standards. A total of 20 studies based on about 7,000 students in grades 1-6 were included…

Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

2013-01-01

456

Investment vs. Return: Outcomes of Special Education Technology Research in Literacy for Students with Mild Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a review of the research on technology integration in the area of literacy for individuals with mild disabilities. It describes relevant legislation, including how special education technology is impacted by the No Child Left Behind Act (2001). Included studies focus on research in the core content areas of reading and…

Anderson, Cindy L.; Anderson, Kevin M.; Cherup, Susan

2009-01-01

457

Young Adult Outcomes of the Abecedarian and CARE Early Childhood Educational Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult benefits for participants in Project CARE were compared with those of the Abecedarian Project, a closely related randomized study of early childhood educational intervention for children from low-income families who were at risk of developmental delays and school failure. CARE replicated Abecedarian's young adult treatment-related…

Campbell, Frances A.; Wasik, Barbara H.; Pungello, Elizabeth; Burchinal, Margaret; Barbarin, Oscar; Kainz, Kirsten; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.

2008-01-01

458

The Neuropsychological Educational Approach to Cognitive Remediation (NEAR) Model: Practice Principles and Outcome Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

NEAR is an evidence based approach to cognitive remediation which was specifically developed for use with psychiatric patients. NEAR emphasizes the fact that cognitive remediation is essentially a learning activity and therefore instructional techniques incorporate basic educational principles that have been shown to enhance learning. Rather than using a fixed software package, NEAR uses a variety of exercises, which are

ALICE MEDALIA; BRYAN FREILICH

2008-01-01

459

Contemporary Approaches for Assessing Outcomes on Training, Education, and HRD Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When educators, trainers, and human resource development (HRD) practitioners are asked to produce evidence that supports the productivity of the training enterprise, they are often frustrated by the lack of simple and effective methods for assessment. While administrators in an organization are likely to know exactly how much training costs, they…

Brauchle, Paul E.; Schmidt, Klaus

2004-01-01

460

Thinking Exit at Entry: Exploring Outcomes of Georgia's Juvenile Justice Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational programs are often considered the last opportunity for an incarcerated youth to prepare for successful transition into society. While there is considerable literature identifying and describing the characteristics of youth and program services for youth in correctional facilities, it is important to gain a better understanding of…

Rissler, Ed; O'Rourke, Tom

2009-01-01

461

Sharp Contrasts at the Boundaries: School Violence and Educational Outcomes Internationally  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the impact of school violence on immigrant populations internationally. To do so we apply three-level models to 2007 TIMSS data to investigate the extent to which immigrant students are affected by school violence, and whether school- and educational-system levels of immigration and violence are related to achievement. We find that,…

Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David; Engel, Laura

2013-01-01

462

Stuck in the Middle: Doctoral Education Ranking and Career Outcomes for Life Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do some Ph.D.'s languish in positions with little authority, and what does educational background have to do with it? Hypotheses predicted that life scientists with Ph.D.'s from elite programs would be the most likely, those from middle-ranked programs the next most likely, and those from lower ranked programs the least likely to achieve…

Smith-Doerr, Laurel

2006-01-01

463

Education and Training 16-19: Institutional Structures and Outcomes in Two English Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education and training for 16- to 19-year-olds have undergone expansion and diversification in the United Kingdom in the 1980s. In the context of high youth unemployment, the introduction by the central government of a host of vocational preparation programs has aimed to delay labor market entry for a significant proportion of 16-year-olds, while…

Evans, Karen

464

Reduced Stress in Medical Education: An Outcome of Altered Learning Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental curricular track (Primary Care Curriculum) was instituted at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine to educate more students to enter rural primary care and to better develop skills in life-long, self-motivated learning. A study comparing characteristics and results of the Primary Care Curriculum and of a conventional…

Moore-West, Maggi; And Others

1983-01-01

465

Experiential Education in the Classroom and Academic Outcomes: For Those Who Want it All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a pretest-posttest study using measures of higher order thinking skills (HOTS), and lower order thinking skills (LOTS) in six 12th-grade American Government classrooms taught by three experienced teachers over one semester. One of the three teachers implemented a curriculum in two classes based on experiential education (EE)…

Ives, Bob; Obenchain, Kathryn

2006-01-01

466

Data Systems Linking Resources to Actions and Outcomes: One of the Nation's Most Pressing Education Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inadequacy of present-day public school financial and performance reporting restricts policymakers. With existing spending and activity information now generally available, public officials can determine only overall education resource levels and make allocative decisions only among gross input categories such as relative amounts of labor and…

Guthrie, James W.

2007-01-01

467

The Assessment of Doctoral Education: Emerging Criteria and New Models for Improving Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the growing commitment to assessment at the undergraduate level, doctoral programs are now grappling with what accountability means for them. This book provides a foundation for faculty and academic leaders of doctoral programs to promote inquiry into the educational practices that define their programs and contribute to graduate…

Maki, Peggy L., Ed.; Borkowski, Nancy A., Ed.

2006-01-01

468

Integrating Multi-Tiered Measurement Outcomes for Special Education Eligibility with Sequential Decision-Making Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes to federal guidelines for the identification of children with disabilities have supported the use of multi-tiered models of service delivery. This study investigated the impact of measurement methodology as used across numerous tiers in determining special education eligibility. Four studies were completed using a sample of inner-city…

Decker, Scott L.; Englund, Julia; Albritton, Kizzy

2012-01-01

469

Student Outcomes of the Healing Web: Evaluation of a Transformative Model for Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Healing Web model of nursing education was used with 95 nursing students. Compared to 322 in the traditional program, Healing Web students scored higher in caring abilities, leadership, and assertiveness. They identified collaboration and awareness of different nursing roles as benefits of the experience. (SK)

Nelson, Margot L.; Howell, Jacquelyn K.; Larson, June C.; Karpiuk, Kathryn L.

2001-01-01

470

Collaboration between General and Special Educators and Student Outcomes: A Need for More Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although collaboration between general and special educators is frequently recommended in the literature, how much is known and understood about actual collaboration practices remains unclear. Yet, current reforms and law are calling for increased collaboration. Therefore, the purpose of this review of the literature was to explore the research…

van Garderen, Delinda; Stormont, Melissa; Goel, Nidhi

2012-01-01

471

Driving Innovation: How Six States Are Organizing to Improve Outcomes in Developmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More and more young people are enrolling in postsecondary education, particularly in community colleges, with the goal of preparing for jobs that provide access to middle-class wages. Unfortunately, too few students succeed. There are many reasons for this, but one of the biggest is the large number of students who lack the academic skills to do…

Collins, Michael Lawrence

2011-01-01

472

Entertainment-Education Radio Serial Drama and Outcomes Related to HIV Testing in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Makgabaneng" is an entertainment-education radio serial drama written and produced in Botswana to promote prevention of HIV. This effort is part of the national response to HIV/AIDS. Broadcast of the serial drama began in August 2001, and two new 15-minute episodes air each week. We examined associations between exposure to "Makgabaneng" and…

Pappas-Deluca, Katina A.; Kraft, Joan Marie; Galavotti, Christine; Warner, Lee; Mooki, Maungo; Hastings, Phil; Koppenhaver, Todd; Roels, Thierry H.; Kilmarx, Peter H.

2008-01-01

473

EarthScope National Office Education and Outreach Program: 2013 Update on Activities and Outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EarthScope Program (www.earthscope.org) funded by the National Science Foundation, fosters interdisciplinary exploration of the geologic structure and evolution of the North American continent by means of seismology, geodesy, magnetotellurics, in-situ fault-zone sampling, geochronology, and high-resolution topographic measurements. Data and findings from EarthScope continue to transform geoscientific studies throughout the Earth, enhance understanding and mitigation of hazards, and inform applications of geoscience toward environmental sustainability. The EarthScope Program also marshals significant resources and opportunities for education and outreach (E&O) in the Earth system sciences. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) at Arizona State University serves all EarthScope stakeholders, including the EarthScope Steering Committee, researchers, educators, students, and the general public. ESNO supports and promotes E&O through social media and web-hosted resources, newsletters and published articles, E&O workshops for informal educators (interpreters), assistance to grassroots K-12 STEM teacher professional development projects (typically led by EarthScope researchers), continuing education for researchers, collaborations with other Earth-science E&O providers, and biannual national conferences. The EarthScope E&O program at ESNO leads and supports wide dissemination of the data, findings, and legacy of EarthScope. Notable activities in 2013 include expansion of social-media and web-based content, two Interpretive Workshops in the eastern United States, the Great ShakeOut, the EarthScope National Meeting in Raleigh, and continuing partnerships with affiliated E&O providers. The EarthScope National Office is supported by the National Science Foundation under grants EAR-1101100 and EAR-1216301. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Semken, S. C.; Robinson, S.; Bohon, W.; Schwab, P.; Arrowsmith, R.; Garnero, E. J.; Fouch, M. J.; Pettis, L.; Baumback, D.; Dick, C.

2013-12-01

474

New media simulation stories in nursing education: a quasi-experimental study exploring learning outcomes.  

PubMed

New media simulation stories are short multimedia presentations that combine simulation, digital technology, and story branching to depict a variety of healthcare-related scenarios. The purpose of this study was to explore whether learning outcomes were enhanced if students viewed the results of both correct and incorrect nursing actions demonstrated through new media simulation stories. A convenience sample of 109 undergraduate nursing students in a family-centered maternity course participated in the study. Study findings suggests that students who viewed both correct and incorrect depictions of maternity nursing actions scored better on tests than did those students who viewed only correct nursing actions. PMID:23438866

Webb-Corbett, Robin; Schwartz, Melissa Renee; Green, Bob; Sessoms, Andrea; Swanson, Melvin

2013-04-01

475

Developmental perspectives on optimizing educational and vocational outcomes in child and adult survivors of cancer.  

PubMed

Over the last few decades, long-term survival rates of children diagnosed with the two most common forms of childhood cancer, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and brain tumors have improved substantially. Neurodevelopmental and psychosocial sequelae resulting from these diseases and their treatment have a direct impact on the developing brain and on the quality of life of these children and their families. The focus of this article is on optimizing neuropsychological and adaptive outcomes for children who have been successfully treated for these cancers and whose prospects for long-term survival are increasingly encouraging. We present a model for understanding systemic interactions among the multiple factors that influence the child's development over time and take into account contextual variables. Strategies for optimizing cognitive and psychosocial outcomes or ameliorating late effects need to consider treatment histories, specific stages of development, the contextual demands/developmental challenges associated with each, and the resources (internal and external to the child) available to meet these challenges. The challenges faced by survivors at the early childhood, middle childhood, adolescent, and emerging adulthood stages are discussed. We review different types of interventions and discuss how these can contribute to optimal functioning in survivors of childhood ALL and brain tumors. PMID:18924156

Rey-Casserly, Celiane; Meadows, Mary Ellen

2008-01-01

476

Perceived Parental Investment in School as a Mediator of the Relationship between Socio-Economic Indicators and Educational Outcomes in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, 1.3 million students fail to graduate, dropping the United States' high school graduation rate to 69%. One of the most salient predictors of high school dropout is socio-economic status (SES), which makes important an improved understanding of the reasons why SES affects educational outcomes. In this study, multilevel mediation models…

Henry, Kimberly L.; Cavanagh, Thomas M.; Oetting, Eugene R.

2011-01-01

477

Pendulum Swings in Educational Policymaking: The Effects of Organizational, School, Financial and Social Characteristics on Student Performance Outcomes in Michigan School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforms in American public education have not resolved the wide academic performance gap between students attending schools in poor, large, urban centers versus schools in wealthier areas. Aggregate performance outcomes on state achievement tests reveal that some school districts consistently outperform others, a few fluctuate over time but are…

Dyson, Dana D.

2009-01-01

478

Evaluation of the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test for Use in States' Child Outcomes Measurement Systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test (BDI-2 ST) for use in states' child outcomes accountability systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Complete Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI-2), assessment data were obtained for 142 children, ages 2 to 62 months, who…

Elbaum, Batya; Gattamorta, Karina A.; Penfield, Randall D.

2010-01-01

479

An Outcomes Based Evaluation of the Sustaining Effects of Chapter 1 Participation Using Measures of Regular Education Performance in Grades Kindergarten through Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of participation in Chapter 1 programs on students' educational outcomes. A total of 52 students at an elementary school in Maquoketa, Iowa, were divided into a primary group of students who participated in a Chapter 1 program during grades 1 or 2; an intermediate group of students who participated in a Chapter 1…

Schermer, Douglas G.

480

Twenty-Year Follow-Up of Children with and without Speech-Language Impairments: Family, Educational, Occupational, and Quality of Life Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Parents, professionals, and policy makers need information on the long-term prognosis for children with communication disorders. Our primary purpose in this report was to help fill this gap by profiling the family, educational, occupational, and quality of life outcomes of young adults at 25 years of age (N = 244) from the Ottawa Language…

Johnson, Carla J.; Beitchman, Joseph H.; Brownlie, E. B.

2010-01-01

481

Comparing Student Perceptions of General Education and Personal Growth Outcomes at HBCU and Non-HBCU Institutions. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared attitudes toward general education and personal growth of 3,410 students attending nine historically black colleges or universities (HBCUs) and 42,535 students attending 91 non-HBCUs. Data were retrieved from the most recent national user norm files for the College Outcomes Survey (COS). Analyses included percentages, factor…

McLure, Gail T.; Rao, A. M. Srikanta; Lester, William L.

482

Comparison of Teaching and Learning Outcomes between Video-Linked, Web-Based, and Classroom Tutorials: An Innovative International Study of Profession Education in Physical Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of interactive videoconferencing (IVC) on health professional educational outcomes between Canada and Hong Kong students was examined. Three formats were compared with respect to the instruction of two circumscribed intensive care topics. The formats included international video-linked (VL) tutorials in combination with web-based…

Jones, Alice Y. M.; Dean, Elizabeth; Hui-Chan, Christina

2010-01-01

483

Learning in Educational Computer Games for Novices: The Impact of Support Provision Types on Virtual Presence, Cognitive Load, and Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Embedding support devices in educational computer games has been asserted to positively affect learning outcomes. However, there is only limited direct empirical evidence on which design variations of support provision influence learning. In order to better understand the impact of support design on novices' learning, the current study…

Schrader, Claudia; Bastiaens, Theo

2012-01-01

484

The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: The Characteristics and Perceptions of Students with Disabilities. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the findings of a study that gathered descriptive information in the areas of salient student characteristics (e.g., gender, ethnicity, poverty, disability classification), level of participation in general education classes, current level of functioning, student outcomes (e.g., grade point average, performance on state or…

Deshler, Donald D.; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet; Schumaker, Jean B.; Bulgren, Janis A.; Lenz, B. Keith; Davis, Betsy

485

The Universal Askey-Wilson Algebra and the Equitable Presentation of U_q(sl_2)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Around 1992 A. Zhedanov introduced the Askey-Wilson algebra AW(3). Recently we introduced a central extension ? of AW(3) called the universal Askey-Wilson algebra. In this paper we discuss a connection between ? and the quantum algebra Uq(sl2). Our main result is an algebra injection from ? into a relative of Uq(sl2); the relative is obtained from Uq(sl2) by adjoining three mutually commuting indeterminates. We describe the injection using the equitable presentation of Uq(sl2).

Terwilliger, Paul

2011-10-01

486

Water and Sanitation in Schools: A Systematic Review of the Health and Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment. Published peer reviewed literature was screened and articles that documented the provision of water and sanitation at schools were considered. Forty-one peer-reviewed papers met the criteria of exploring the effects of the availability of water and/or sanitation facilities in educational establishments. Chosen studies were divided into six fields based on their specific foci: water for drinking, water for handwashing, water for drinking and handwashing, water for sanitation, sanitation for menstruation and combined water and sanitation. The studies provide evidence for an increase in water intake with increased provision of water and increased access to water facilities. Articles also report an increase in absenteeism from schools in developing countries during menses due to inadequate sanitation facilities. Lastly, there is a reported decrease in diarrheal and gastrointestinal diseases with increased access to adequate sanitation facilities in schools. Ensuring ready access to safe drinking water, and hygienic toilets that offer privacy to users has great potential to beneficially impact children’s health. Additional studies that examine the relationship between sanitation provisions in schools are needed to more adequately characterize the impact of water and sanitation on educational achievements.

Jasper, Christian; Le, Thanh-Tam; Bartram, Jamie

2012-01-01

487

Relations between Preschool Attention Span-Persistence and Age 25 Educational Outcomes  

PubMed Central

This study examined relations between children’s attention span-persistence in preschool and later school achievement and college completion. Children were drawn from the Colorado Adoption Project using adopted and non-adopted children (N = 430). Results of structural equation modeling indicated that children’s age 4 attention span-persistence significantly predicted math and reading achievement at age 21 after controlling for achievement levels at age 7, adopted status, child vocabulary skills, gender, and maternal education level. Relations between attention span-persistence and later achievement were not fully mediated by age 7 achievement levels. Logistic regressions also revealed that age 4 attention span-persistence skills significantly predicted the odds of completing college by age 25. The majority of this relationship was direct and was not significantly mediated by math or reading skills at age 7 or age 21. Specifically, children who were rated one standard deviation higher on attention span-persistence at age 4 had 48.7% greater odds of completing college by age 25. Discussion focuses on the importance of children’s early attention span-persistence for later school achievement and educational attainment.

McClelland, Megan M.; Acock, Alan C.; Piccinin, Andrea; Rhea, Sally Ann; Stallings, Michael C.

2012-01-01

488

Early Educational Intervention, Early Cumulative Risk, and the Early Home Environment as Predictors of Young Adult Outcomes Within a High-Risk Sample  

PubMed Central

The extent to which early educational intervention, early cumulative risk, and the early home environment were associated with young adult outcomes was investigated in a sample of 139 young adults (age 21) from high-risk families enrolled in randomized trials of early intervention. Positive effects of treatment were found for education attainment, attending college, and skilled employment; negative effects of risk were found for education attainment, graduating high school, being employed and avoiding teen parenthood. The home mediated the effects of risk for graduating high school, but not being employed or teen parenthood. Evidence for moderated mediation was found for educational attainment; the home mediated the association between risk and educational attainment for the control group, but not the treated group.

Pungello, Elizabeth P.; Kainz, Kirsten; Burchinal, Margaret; Wasik, Barbara H.; Sparling, Joseph J.; Ramey, Craig T.; Campbell, Frances A.

2009-01-01

489

Economically and Educationally Challenged Students in Higher Education: Access to Outcomes. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 33, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines conceptual frameworks and models that flow from scholars' definitions and operationalizations of social class: status attainment theory, human capital theory, the financial nexus model, Bourdieuian theory, and critical race theory. Since students often have multiple social locations that affect their educational process, the…

Walpole, MaryBeth, Ed.

2007-01-01

490

Russian Higher Education: Who Can Afford It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores the issue of access and equity in the Russian higher education system by examining recent government initiatives. While recently introduced measures such as the Unified State Examination and student loan project are designed to aid students and expand participation, they alone cannot ensure equitable access to higher education

Gounko, Tatiana

2012-01-01

491

First Nations Educational Governance: A Fractured Mirror  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Constitutional Act 1867 established a dual system of education in Canada--provincial authority and federal responsibility for First Nations' education. As a part of its treaty obligations, Canada agreed to provide western schools and services equitable with that provided by provincial systems (Morris 1880/1991). The authors argue that the…

Carr-Stewart, Shiela; Steeves, Larry

2009-01-01

492

The Complexities of Evaluating Bilingual Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a discussion of the complexities of evaluating bilingual education, this paper discusses critical questions related to equitable education. A first concern is the development of standards. Children must be given equal opportunities to learn, but the development of standards and new assessments alone will not ensure that inequities will…

Farr, Beverly P.; Garcia-Sims, Angela; Garcia Fontana, Rose Marie

493

Deriving Appropriate Educational Program Costs in Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the comprehensive analytical framework for school finance used by the Illinois State Board of Education to assist policymakers in their decisions about equitable distribution of state aid and appropriate levels of resources to meet the varying educational requirements of differing student populations. This framework, the…

Parrish, Thomas B.; Chambers, Jay G.

494

Historical Overview of Special Education in Belize  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Belize is a developing country located in Central America along the Caribbean Coast. A common social understanding in Belize is that each individual is entitled to an equitable and moral education; therefore it is interesting to examine how special education policies and practices in this country have developed over time, particularly in the…

Sukhram, Diana P.; Monda-Amaya, Lisa; Enriquez, Eleanor

2011-01-01

495

Enhancing Engineering Educational Outcomes Through Integration of New Vision for Civil Infrastructures with Nanotechnology into Undergraduate Curriculum and Its Implementation Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nanotechnology enables the creation and utilization of materials and devices with novel functions through the control of matter at the nanoscale level. It can be expected that the nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the design and construction of civil infrastructures. Nevertheless, the excitement and promise of nanotechnology for conceiving innovative systems can provide a new opportunity for educational institutions to stimulate interest and broaden the vision of diverse students in engineering and research, foster active learning and life-long learning, and inspire innovation and creativity. The objective of this paper is to share strategies for utilizing nanotechnology as a vehicle to strengthen engineering curriculum and enhance undergraduate engineering educational outcomes. The paper presents instructional strategies and new course modules for integrating nanotechnology education into a mainstream civil engineering undergraduate curriculum. The outcomes from the first year implementation are revealed, and their implications and future improvement are discussed.

2009-08-25

496

Association for Middle Level Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association for Middle Level Education (AMLE) collection focuses on STEM curricula, middle grade pedagogy and assessment, young adolescent development, leadership; and professional development. The collection has resources for educators, classroom teachers, principals to develop more effective schools. The goal of ALME is for schools to be academically excellent, developmentally responsive, and socially equitable for every young adolescent. AMLE provides professional development, journals, books, research, and other valuable information to assist educators on an ongoing basis.

2009-11-24

497

More equitable systems for allocating general practice deprivation payments: financial consequences.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The allocation of general practitioner (GP) deprivation payments has been a controversial topic since they were first proposed. It has recently been suggested that the current system could be made more equitable if the payments were allocated at enumeration districts and if there was a more graded relationship between Jarman score and funding. However, the implications of these changes on the distribution of deprivation payments have not been worked out. AIM: To explore the resource implications of the proposed changes to the methods of allocating GP deprivation payments within Northern Ireland, one of the few places in the United Kingdom (UK) where this can be done. METHOD: Three alternatives to the present system, incorporating the proposed changes, were modelled. The reallocation of deprivation payments between areas was determined. RESULTS: The proportion of population attracting GP deprivation payments depends on the scheme chosen. A system that entails a lower threshold Jarman score and more payment bands will bring between two and three times more areas and people within the scheme. Each of the three alternatives would redirect funds away from areas within the current payment bands towards those that previously failed to attract any deprivation payments. The loss would be greatest for those areas within the present 'low' payment band and least for those in the 'high' payment band. CONCLUSIONS: More equitable alternatives for allocating GP deprivation payments are feasible, although they will lead to significant movements of funds between areas. This may necessitate the introduction of further transitional payments.

O'Reilly, D; Steele, K

1998-01-01

498

Equitable access to spectrum in further development of the Geneva 2006 frequency plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the frequency plan of the Regional Radiocommunication Conference Geneva 2006 has come into force, many attempts have been made towards its enhancement. The preliminary results, however, seem not to be compliant with elementary principles of distribution justice. Therefore, the planning principles which lead to the observed imbalance will be scrutinized. Furthermore it will be shown that the utilization of spectrum can be advanced in a balanced way when the same (necessary) condition for "equitable access", which has been used by a group of middle European countries for the construction of the original frequency plan, is applied to plan refinements as well. The necessary condition mentioned consists simply in the parity of the number of coverages (constituted of disjoint allotments) configured in the plan for each country. In order to be able to plan enhancements, the concept of coverage number has to be generalized to the case of incomplete coverages of potentially overlapping allotments. The computation of coverage numbers is straightforward and renders the concept of coverage number parity a useful tool to be applied as a necessary condition in testing a frequency plan variant for equitable access.

Philipp, J.

2011-12-01

499

Equity and Quality in Private Education: The Haitian Paradox.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Haitian educational system. Assesses whether private education is playing an appropriate role in Haiti in terms of providing and promoting quality education. Reviews strategies that could allow the government to use its limited financial resources in a more cost-effective and equitable manner. (CMK)

Salmi, J.

2000-01-01

500

Analysis of a Proposal for an Education Satellite.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that telecommunications is transforming almost every sector of American society except education, this study analyzed the governance, management, technical, and fiscal issues associated with the creation and maintenance of an education satellite telecommunications system that would make cost-effective, equitable access to quality education

EDSAT Inst., Washington, DC.