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This article calls for more concerted scholarly attention to the role of nationalnews agencies. The authors argue that the very viability of the institution of nationalnews agency in many parts of Europe is under severe strain. The sources of pressure, however, are identifiably similar to those which have plagued news agencies since their inception, having to do with
Every science enthusiast will find countless, fascinating stories at this National Geographic website. The news site covers stories related to adventure and exploration, archaeology and paleontology, kids' news, science and technology, people and culture, the environment, and travel. Users can discover Special Series which cover emerging explorers, oceans, the pulse of the planet, and so much more. The incredible images warrant a visit all by themselves.
The Fox News Network has received a lot of attention from political pundits, scholars and elected officials. At best, Fox News merely preaches to the choir of (already) conservative viewers. At worst, Fox News is polarizing viewers by moving their audience to the extreme right. Past research suggests that Fox News viewers hold more conservative attitudes and beliefs, but only
NIST News announcements: News releases, announcements, and newsletters from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, such as the biweekly NIST UPDATE and "NIST Tech Beat", a tip sheet for science journalists.
Sandia National Laboratories publishes its quarterly journal of research and development at this Web site. Free to the general public, Sandia Technology summarizes current work related to national security, energy development and infrastructure, and various other advances made at the installation. The fall/ winter 2002 issue centers on sensors for all kinds of purposes. From sensors that monitor water supplies to air-sniffing devices that can detect chemical and biological toxins, Sandia is extremely adept in this area. All back issues of Sandia Technology are also available for browsing, which cover topics such as nuclear power and smart machines.
Overall performance of methanol fuel for automobiles will get a rigid test from 13 teams of college engineering students during the Methanol Challenge April 5-8. The event, organized by the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, pits automobiles specially modified to burn methanol fuel in a series of competitive events designed to test virtually all aspects of automobile driving under severe conditions. For comparison, a gasoline-powered car will compete too. Methanol, also known as wood alcohol, can be made from natural gas, coal and a variety of wood-waste sources. If methanol could be made practical as an automobile fuel, the nation could improve air quality while easing dependence of foreign petroleum. During the competition, students will also tour testing and manufacturing facilities, hear presentations by engineers on advanced-vehicle and alter-native-fuels technology, and see displays of racing cars and experimental vehicles designed by professional engineers.
The theoretical assumption of this paper is that when a foreign news item is defined as ‘ours’, then journalists’ professional practices become subordinate to national loyalty; when an item is ‘theirs’, journalistic professionalism comes into its own. Thus, the article argues that there is an inverse relation between professional news values and the national identity of the journalist and the
This study analyses the relationship between international news references and disaster news references in the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. The American media receive frequent criticism for inadequate coverage of news from other nations. Both...
Nationalnews agencies tend not to excite the same scholarly or even the same popular attention as the international or `global' news agencies. Yet both international and nationalnews agencies contribute to the simultaneous processes of globalization and localization. The number of major general news international agencies has reduced in recent years, while nationalnews agencies are faced with a
News Agencies, like any other provider of electronic services, start to make heavy use of modern Internet technologies to\\u000a provide fast, reliable and useroriented services for their customers. To meet today’s requirements it is becomes necessary\\u000a to not only improve these services but also enhance the quality of the underlying methods to create, modify and distribute\\u000a news articles all over
Markus Schranz; Schahram Dustdar; Christian Platzer
Created by BBC News, this site is a very useful reference for both students and general readers interested in the European Union and European integration. At the site, visitors will find several reference guides, including a timeline, interactive maps of planned and possible EU enlargement, overviews of key institutions, an explanation of the EU budget, and information on the Euro. Other reference resources include country profiles, in-depth studies, and related links, all accessed via pull-down menus at the bottom of the page. In addition, the site also offers background briefings on current news stories, regular features stories from BBC correspondents, and a glossary.
|Examines the international flow of news within the context of the nationalnews agency of Yugoslavia, Tanjug, and its efforts and activity for a freer and multidimensional flow of news through its participation in the Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool. (JMF)|
This study of the main evening television news programs in four European countries focuses on the framing of news surrounding a major European event, the January 1, 1999, introduction of the common European currency, the euro. We investigated the visibility of political and economic news in general and of the launch of the euro in particular. We found variations across
Considers how membership of a Single European Currency would affect Single European Currency members’ national economic sovereignty. First defines concisely national economic sovereignty. Explores economic life in the Single European Currency. A picture of a converged Single European Currency area economy emerges. Then considers what influence Single European Currency members would have on the Single European Currency area’s macroeconomic policy,
This online publication includes the best 2009 posts from the Connecting News With the National Science Education Standards blog which is written for middle school science teachers. The posts provide engaging lessons that integrate the latest in scientific research in the news and provide ideas for turning the current event into an inquiry-based, standards-related learning experience for students. The topics range from polar bears to H1N1 virus. This format allows for flipping of pages, zooming, and sharing via a variety of formats
Examined variations in adolescent time use within Europe and their relation to culture, focusing on organization of free time, most frequent leisure activities, and resulting emotional states. Found that European adolescents spent free time in a range of activities, including electronic media, computer games, playing musical instruments, reading,…
We analyze the impact of macroeconomic news and central bank communication on the exchange rates of three Central and Eastern European (CEE) currencies against the euro. In doing so, we first estimate standard and extended versions of the monetary model to capture deviations from the long-term monetary equilibrium. In the second stage, we employ a high-frequency GARCH model that includes
We miss the significance of the advent of the Euro for European political, economic, and social order if we ignore its identity dimension. Money has always been a symbolic marker in nation-building efforts and is strongly related to collective national identities. This article makes two interrelated causal claims. On the one hand, the introduction of Euro bills and coins has
This study seeks to determine a parsimonious set of media indicators to represent the national media news environment at the daily, weekly, and monthly levels. It provides evidence of the convergent validity of these indicators using cancer and drunk driving news coverage for 1981–2006, and of criterion validity using cancer news coverage for 2003–2006. Validated search terms were used to
This media analysis of the incidents in Bali in 2002 (10\\/12) and Madrid in 2004 (3\\/11) reveals the black and white portrayal of these attacks in western news through the localization of international terrorism occurrences, pro-government perspective, and internalization of U.S. policies. The Old Europe and New Europe debate further fractures the European press. Such rhetoric perpetuates the \\
This research explores race- and gender-related selection bias in national television news coverage of missing children cases. When the proportions of race and gender from the news coverage of five national television stations between 2005 and 2007 were compared to official missing children statistics, it was found that African American missing children and female missing children were significantly underrepresented in
|The news in the national papers has an important role to inform the people about the content of new primary school curriculum. This study investigated the way of function with the comparison of the studies in the literature. The news concerning the renewed curriculum appearing in the national media in the period between 2004 and 2007 was obtained…
|A study investigated how differences in student characteristics might affect the relationship between heightened interest in nationalnews and news-seeking behavior. Data were taken from the Youth Civic Involvement component of the 1996 National Household Education Survey. Telephone interviews were conducted with 8,043 students in grades 6…
This article investigates the processes through which the European Union has become a major actor in national media regulation. The European Union is not viewed as a monolith but as a constellation of institutions that pursue Europeanization with different policy instruments and intersecting agendas. Therefore, the article illustrates how the European Commission (in turn, operating through different Directorates-General and the
Examines the effect of highly unrepresentative news stories on gaps in the accuracy of U.S. residents' judgments about different foreign countries. Concludes that unrepresentative news about developing countries reduces accuracy while increasing confidence and satisfaction in judgments. (MM)
|Argues that racial ideology structures news coverage of race. Illustrates how two manifestations of racial ideology, namely racial hierarchy and temporal distancing, operate in news articles to help create racialized criteria for being an "American." (SR)|
The Internet is not only an object of and a tool for study; it is also both simultaneously global and local. In order to address how global and how local it is, this study compares the news content of 1 week from four different computer news web sites in four different countries (using four different languages). These sites use the
Political parties play an important role in structuring political competition at different levels of governance in the European Union (EU). The political parties that contest national elections also participate in the EU legislative institutions, with the governing parties at the national level participating in the Council of Ministers and a broad range of national parties represented in the European Parliament
Clifford J. Carrubba; Matthew Gabel; Lacey Murrah; Ryan Clough; Elizabeth Montgomery; Rebecca Schambach
Science forms an integral part of our daily lives and plays an important role in democratic deliberation and decision making. One would expect this omnipresence of science to be reflected in television news programs in public broadcasting because of its responsibility to preserve the diversity and openness of the media. For this study, a representative sample of six Western European
This study compared news coverage of genetic cloning research in three online news sites (CNN.com, ABC.com, and MSNBC.com) and three national daily newspapers (The New York Times, The Washington Post, and USA Today). The study involved the analysis of 230 online and print news articles concerning genetic cloning published from 1996 through 1998. Articles were examined with respect to formats,
News framing can exert a strong influence on public opinion. Following a media content analysis, this article investigates the effects of news framing on support for membership of Turkey in the European Union. A first experimental study (n = 304) showed a significant difference in the level of support for Turkish membership between respondents who were exposed to a positively
Claes H. de Vreese; Hajo G. Boomgaarden; Holli A. Semetko
These two experiments compare perceptions of local, national, and Internet news articles on two U.S. environmental policy issues: oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and ratification of the Kyoto treaty on global warming. Of interest were the potential effects of perceived article reach and slant on estimates of public support for different policy alternatives. While perceived slant proved
|Historical summaries and annotated bibliographies are provided for chapters focusing on national minorities in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Italy and Austria, Bulgaria, and Albania between 1919 and 1980. Chapter 1, "Eastern EuropeanNational Minorities, 1919-1980" (Stephen M. Horak), includes an historical summary…
This web site is an article from National Geographic News, which describes the link between "the explosion of sea lice in farmed fish populations and the decline of Scottish sea trout." In addition to the article, visitors can view a dynamic map of Shieldaig in western Scotland.
A content analysis of cancer news coverage in a sample of local and national newspapers, television, and magazines was conducted for the years 2002 and 2003. Analyses compared proportions of mentions of cancer sites with proportional contribution to cancer incidence and mortality based on available epidemiological estimates. Analyses also examined relative attention provided to prevention, detection, treatment, causes, and outcomes
Michael D. Slater; Marilee Long; Erwin P. Bettinghaus; Jason B. Reineke
|The National Parent Information Network (NPIN) was created in 1993 to collect and disseminate information about high-quality resources for parents. One of the services provided by NPIN is "Parent News," an Internet magazine that focuses on topics of interest to parents and to professionals who work with parents. Compiled in response to requests…
A random survey of nonstudent adult residents was undertaken to determine whether exposure to network news has a demonstrable effect on racial attitudes and perceptions of African Americans. After controlling for a number of factors, results revealed that exposure to network news depressed estimates of African American income. In addition, network news exposure increased the endorsement of African American stereotypes,
This study compared news coverage of genetic cloning research in three online news sites (CNN.com, ABC.com, and MSNBC.com) and three national daily newspapers (The New York Times, The Washington Post, and USA Today). The study involved the analysis of 230 online and print news articles concerning genetic cloning published from 1996 through 1998. Articles were examined with respect to formats, sources, focus, tone, and assessments about the impact of cloning research. Findings indicated that while print news formats remained relatively constant for the duration of this study, online news formats changed significantly with respect to the kinds of media used to represent the news, the layouts used to represent cloning news, and the emphasis placed on audio-visual content. Online stories were as much as 20 to 70% shorter than print stories. More than 50% of the articles appearing online were composed by outside sources (wire services, guest columnists, etc.). By comparison, nearly 90% of the articles published by print newspapers were written "in-house" by science reporters. Online news sites cited fewer sources and cited a smaller variety of sources than the newspapers examined here. In both news outlets, however, the sources most frequently cited were those with vested interests in furthering cloning research. Both online and print news coverage of cloning tends to focus principally on the technical procedures and on the future benefits of cloning. More than 60% of the articles focused on the techniques and technologies of cloning. Less than 25% of the articles focused on social, ethical, or legal issues associated with cloning. Similarly, articles from all six sources (75%) tended to be both positive and future-oriented. Less than 5% of the total articles examined here had a strongly negative or critical tone. Moreover, both online and print news sources increasingly conveyed a strong sense of acceptance about the possibility of human cloning. Data from this study are among the first to indicate the ways in which online news outlets are transforming science news. Furthermore, this study reaffirms the need for a greater diversity of sources in assessing a broader spectrum of issues related to cloning.
In this paper the impact of national borders on international trade within the European Union is considered. Using a gravity model, I find that, averaged over all EU countries, intranational trade is about ten times as high as international trade with an EU partner country of similar size and distance. This relatively strong home bias suggests that even within the
One strategy used by nations to enhance their image is to host global media events. This study examines Associated Press, Reuters, and Inter Press Service coverage of six major U.N. summit meetings for their presentation of the host nations. Three of the conferences took place in western capitals; three were held in the developing world. While hosting a summit resulted
Objective: This survey provides an overview of the development of policies and strategies for quality improvement in European healthcare systems, by mapping quality improvement policies and strategies, progress in their implementation, and early indications of their impact. Study design: A survey of quality improvement policies and strategies in healthcare systems of the European Union was conducted in 2005 for the first phase of the Methods of Assessing Response to Quality Improvement Strategies (MARQuIS) project. Participants: The survey, completed by 68 key experts in quality improvement from 24 European Union member states, represents their views and accounts of quality improvement policies and strategies in their healthcare systems. Principal findings: There are substantial international and intra-national variations in the development of healthcare quality improvement. Legal requirements for quality improvement strategies are an important driver of progress, along with the activities of national governments and professional associations and societies. Patient and service user organisations appear to have less influence on quality improvement. Wide variation in voluntary and mandatory coverage of quality improvement policies and strategies across sectors can potentially lead to varying levels of progress in implementation. Many healthcare organisations lack basic infrastructure for quality improvement. Conclusions: Some convergence can be observed in policies on quality improvement in healthcare. Nevertheless, the growth of patient mobility across borders, along with the implications of free market provisions for the organisation and funding of healthcare systems in European Union member states, require policies for cooperation and learning transfer.
In the weeks that this article was being written, approximately 15,000 students in Year 6 and Year 10 classrooms in 620 schools from all jurisdictions and sectors across the country are sitting the second cycle of national testing in Civics and Citizenship. The first cycle of this testing, which was conducted in October 2004, involved approximately 20,000 students from 567
The National Academy Press has released a prepublication copy of this National Research Council report, which calls for "ensur[ing] that all children are equipped with the skills and instruction they need to learn to read." According to one of the report's authors, "We need the will to ensure that every child has access to excellent preschool environments and well-prepared teachers. Because reading is such a complex and multifaceted activity, no single method is the answer. It is time for educators, parents, and everyone else concerned with children's education to make sure that children have all the experiences that research has shown to support reading development." The press release accompanying the report lays out its basic findings, which can also be found in the executive summary of the report. The press release also connects to a full text version of the report, available as individual page images (print quality varies) at this time. Purchasing information is also available.
Community leaders in Atlanta, GA, the Detroit and Lansing, MI, areas, and San Francisco, CA, participated in a demonstration of techniques to disseminate information and increase public awareness of the recommendations from the Surgeon General's Workshop on Drunk Driving, held in December 1988. Local officials worked with the Public Health Service's Office for Substance Abuse Prevention, of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, to educate and inform the public about the workshop recommendations as well as other alcohol-related concerns, and to encourage public involvement in their communities with the issue of alcohol-impaired driving and other alcohol-related concerns. With minimal assistance from Federal agencies and Washington-based health and public interest groups, the communities developed unique approaches to generating local television, radio, and newspaper coverage of an event that had originated as nationalnews. The events demonstrated that, with minimal Federal resources and support, local groups can create media attention in conjunction with nationalnews, and local media events can lead to successful community activism. The techniques can be applied by other community groups to gain sufficient news media attention to encourage the public to organize around issues of common concern.
Communication is a cornerstone of future intelligent transportation systems (ITS); and standardization is a key aspect for European and worldwide deployment and usage. The European Telecommunication Standardization Institute (ETSI), well known for communication standards such as GSM, created a technical committee (TC) for ITS at the end of 2007. Generally, its mission is the creation of standards and specifications for
Drawing on analyses of American and French news reports on "overweight" and "obesity," this article examines how national context—including position in a global field of nation states, as well as different national politics and culture—shapes the framing of social problems. As has been shown in previous research, news reports from France—the economically dominated but culturally dominant nation of the two—discuss the United States more often than vice versa, typically in a negative way. Our contribution is to highlight the flexibility of anti-American rhetoric, which provides powerful ammunition for a variety of social problem frames. Specifically, depending on elite interests, French news reports may invoke anti-American rhetoric to reject a given phenomenon as a veritable public problem, or they may use such rhetoric to drum up concern over an issue. We further show how diverse cultural factors shape news reporting. Despite earlier work showing that a group-based discrimination frame is more common in the United States than in France, we find that the U.S. news sample is no more likely to discuss weight-based discrimination than the French news sample. We attribute this to specific barriers to this particular framing, namely the widespread view that body size is a behavior, akin to smoking, rather than an ascribed characteristic, like race. This discussion points, more generally, to some of the mechanisms limiting the diffusion of frames across social problems. PMID:20976972
In 2009 competent organisations in the European Union provided the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with data from the most recent national dietary survey at the level of individuals’ consumption. Twenty different Member States provided EFSA with data from 22 different national dietary surveys, with consumption figures for adults and, when available, for children. Member States’ dietary data were assembled
C. Merten; P. Ferrari; M. Bakker; A. Boss; Á. Hearty; C. Leclercq; O. Lindtner; C. Tlustos; P. Verger; J. L. Volatier; D. Arcella
This article posits that national identity is an important element in explaining attitudes towards the European Union. A model of support for European integration is developed that suggests that feelings of national identity are highly important in an individual's choice to support the EU. The impacts of three alternative conceptualizations of national identity are tested. These relate to national identity
Created in 1992 in Lyons, France, EuroNews is a European Broadcasting Union initiative that was started by a group of European public broadcasters interested in providing European viewers with a diverse set of perspectives of regional and international news. The site will be of interest to anyone with an interest in viewing recent news briefs about a number of important topics of relevance, such as political affairs within the European Union, cultural activities, and technological innovations within various parts of the EU. Visitors can also view a weekly schedule for EuroNews, or elect to view the latest news update from EuroNews. As might be expected, the site may be viewed in a number of languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Russian.
Summary: This paper explores the possibility of a pan-European regulation of stem cell research. After identifying the range of current legal and regulatory positions across Europe, and drawing on a social science risk governance framework, the paper shows how distinct political cultures shape the SC agenda within Europe. It is suggested that regulatory consensus is difficult to achieve and is
The European Union's increasing attention to social and cultural matters has been expressed through the notions of European citizenship and identity which are to be developed among children, adolescents and adults. Whether, and if so, how, children perceive a European identity to coexist with national identities is a challenging and relatively…
This study examines the way that China is portrayed by the Canadian news media at the national, local, and hyper-local levels, and across multiple media formats. With an average of over 40,000 new immigrants per year – a number that has seen rapid growth since the 1980s – Chinese are Canada's second largest immigrant group. As a result, identifying the
Despite extensive research examining the implications of European integration, the determinants of national adaptation to EU legislation remain poorly understood. There is particular debate as to whether successful adaptation is determined by the compatibility of national and European procedures and practices ('goodness-of-fit'), or domestic institutional veto points. When implementing the Packaging Waste Directive, Britain introduced new legislation swiftly despite severe
Discussion of the status of third country nationals in the European Union tends to focus on member state and\\/or European Community law and policy. These debates need to take into account the policies and interests of the sending states as well. They are central to the decisions of third country nationals to naturalise and integrate into host countries. We examine
This article focuses on Spanish interpretations of the European integration process. Based on extensive use of primary sources and interviews, the article examines perceptions of national identity, nationalism and people's cultural attachment to the European Union (EU). It discusses the diversity of opinions among the different political parties, labor unions, business leaders and lay citizens regarding the organization of the
News media coverage of health topics can frame and heighten the salience of health-related issues, thus influencing the public's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through their routine coverage of scientific developments, news media are a critical intermediary in translating research for the public, patients, practitioners, and policymakers. Until now, little was known about how health and medical science reporters and editors initiate, prioritize, and develop news stories related to health and medicine. We surveyed 468 reporters and editors representing 463 local and national broadcast and print media outlets to characterize individual characteristics and occupational practices leading to the development of health and medical science news. Our survey revealed that 70% of respondents had bachelor's degrees; 8% were life sciences majors in college. Minorities are underrepresented in health journalism; 97% of respondents were non-Hispanic and 93% were White. Overall, initial ideas for stories come from a "news source" followed by press conferences or press releases. Regarding newsworthiness criteria, the "potential for public impact" and "new information or development" are the major criteria cited, followed by "ability to provide a human angle" and "ability to provide a local angle." Significant differences were seen between responses from reporters vs. editors and print vs. broadcast outlets. PMID:19051112
Viswanath, K; Blake, Kelly D; Meissner, Helen I; Saiontz, Nicole Gottlieb; Mull, Corey; Freeman, Carol S; Hesse, Bradford; Croyle, Robert T
This study examines program ordering effects derived from viewing CNN television news relative to The Daily Show on the political gratifications associated with both types of information sources. Internal political self-efficacy is assessed as an individual-difference moderator. Main primacy effects are found on the gratifications associated with both national television news viewing and The Daily Show viewing. However, The Daily
R. Lance Holbert; Jennifer L. Lambe; Anthony D. Dudo; Kristin A. Carlton
The harmony between national identity and European identities based on European citizenship will be a cornerstone of the coexistence of dual and multiple identities in the twenty-first century. Can British people harmonise their national identities with European citizenship? This question applies not only to the possibility of becoming a European citizen without losing British identity, but also on a broader
This paper discusses the paradigms of European history and of European civilisation defined in the main histories of Europe written from the Enlightenment to Guizot.Voltaire, Robertson, Gibbon, and Guizot consolidated a model of the history of Europe which has its origins in the fall of the western Roman Empire and the invasions of the Barbarians. The other main steps of
An outline of frameworks for conceptualising and analysing news media roles in the representation of teachers, is followed by a discussion of quantitative and qualitative approaches to the study of news coverage. An argument is made for the benefit of using corpus linguistic tools within the overall conceptual focus on lexical and syntactical structures offered by critical discourse analysis. Findings
This study adapts Timothy Cook's 1986 analysis of news coverage of members of Congress to women legislators. The relative impact of independent variables on the amount of television news coverage received by women in the House from 1987 to 1998 was determined using Poisson regression. These included structural variables (leadership, seniority, party control of the chamber, and membership on a
|Examines coverage of the stock market crash in 1987 by CBS Evening News, "Newsweek," the "New York Times," and "Wall Street Journal." Finds that print media favored Wall Street sources whereas CBS favored government sources. Finds that news media favor high prestige sources and that use of different sources results in distinctly different slants.…
|An outline of frameworks for conceptualising and analysing news media roles in the representation of teachers, is followed by a discussion of quantitative and qualitative approaches to the study of news coverage. An argument is made for the benefit of using corpus linguistic tools within the overall conceptual focus on lexical and syntactical…
Research has long established that the public tends to view national political officials in lower regard than sub-national political officials, such as state legislatures and local governments. Even more research focuses on the myriad ways that media consumption affects political attitudes, with mixed findings on whether media consumption tends to enhance or diminish trust in government. While much work has
Newspapers constitute an important source of information as they contain the latest information in the form of news with, often daily, updating. Being aware of their importance, libraries have been providing news clipping services in various ways to their users since newspapers were invented. Initially, manual methods of marking, cutting and pasting the useful news items were used, but today’s
In 2009 competent organisations in the European Union provided the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with data from the most recent national dietary survey at the level of individuals' consumption. Twenty different Member States provided EFSA with data from 22 different national dietary surveys, with consumption figures for adults and, when available, for children. Member States' dietary data were assembled into the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database. In this paper an overview of the methodologies and protocols employed in the different national dietary surveys is provided. Specifically, details about dietary assessment methods, interview administration, sampling design, portion size estimation, dietary software, evaluation of under-reporting and non-dietary information collected are described. This information is crucial to evaluate the level of accuracy of food consumption data and to anticipate and acknowledge the utmost important sources of heterogeneity of national databases included in the Comprehensive Database. The Comprehensive Database constitutes a unique resource for the estimation of consumption figures across the European Union and represents a useful tool to assess dietary exposure to hazardous substances and nutrient intake in Europe. Nevertheless, the many substantial methodological differences that characterise the Comprehensive Database are acknowledged and critically discussed. PMID:21732710
This article analyses the relationships between sport, national identity and the media in the English press during the European Football Championship, EURO 96. Our objective is to highlight some of media representations that surround and underpin sport in general and (association) football in particular in the context of contemporary European politics. This is done primarily through a qualitative discourse analysis
This article empirically investigates the effect of national identity on public opinion towards European Union (EU) control over immigration policy. The EU has recently gained some control over immigration policy, but has faced strong opposition from reluctant national politicians. This study argues that public opinion is an important factor in explaining such reluctance. I propose a hypothesis of national identity
Objective: The present study seeks to establish the ex- tent to which media coverage acknowledges alcohol's contribution to violent crime as well as to motor vehicle injuries and other injury inci- dents. Method: The study content-analyzes a unique sample, closely approximating national representativeness, of local and national televi- sion news, local newspapers, and national magazines randomly sampled during a 2-year
Despite the lack of legal base, the European Union has been increasingly involved in the regulation of certain aspects of sport during the last 20 years, up to the level of finally including an article on sport (Article III-282) in the Constitutional Treaty. This paper aims at complementing the workshop by presenting a longitudinal case study with the main decisions
Background: Food allergy is targeted as a public health priority by the European Union Commission. Parental perception of food allergy in their offspring is a proxy measure of the potential demand for allergy medicine services in the paediatric population. Methods: A representative sample of the general population was contacted by a randomised telephone survey in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany,
Mathias Steinke; Alessandro Fiocchi; Veronika Kirchlechner; Barbara Ballmer-Weber; Knut Brockow; Claudia Hischenhuber; Manjula Dutta; Johannes Ring; Radvan Urbanek; Luigi Terracciano; Rainer Wezel
Zeilstra A. S. and Elhorst J. P. Integrated analysis of regional and national unemployment differentials in the European Union, Regional Studies. This study investigates the causes of variation in regional unemployment rates from a cross-country perspective. In the proposed, stylized theoretical framework, both regional- and national-level variables serve as explanatory variables. An econometric model of random and fixed coefficients of
Background The Union of NationalEuropean Paediatric Societies and Associations was founded in 1976 in Rotterdam. Thirty years later,\\u000a the authors—former presidents and secretaries general—present a retrospective on the activities and achievements of UNEPSA.\\u000a In 2006, 36 of 46 (78%) European countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union, were members of UNEPSA. UNEPSA\\u000a has created a forum for the
Klaus Betke; Jochen H. H. Ehrich; Jan Janda; Manuel Katz; Armido Rubino
To explore the influence of international public relations on US news media and public perceptions of foreign nations, this study used a triangulation of methods by comparing public relations counsel for foreign nations, media content and public opinion data in 1998 and 2002. The results indicate that while the relationship between public relations counsel and media coverage was minimal at
The implementation, delivery, and impact on students of news programs delivered to schools by Channel One and CNN-Newsroom were examined in seven rural districts in Wisconsin. Investigation covered three districts using CNN and four districts using Channel One within a three-county area. Involved administrators, teachers, and students responded to…
This survey of 27 French journalists responsible for choosing foreign news from the wire services to publish in regional newspapers outside Paris shows that Agence France Presse remains the major wire source. But the concise, unadorned style of the French language service offered by the Associated Press has gained many users. French journalists are specializing more, and about one-fourth of
Cable subscribers who are regular users of television news indicated that broadcast stations were the dominant source of news across all dayparts. Cable news dependent subscribers were more likely than broadcast news dependent subscribers to use cable news on a regular basis and tune to cable in a national crisis. They were younger, compared cable news more favorably to broadcast
Thomas F. Baldwin; Marianne Barrett; Benjamin Bates
For a long time, support for European integration could be analysed without much reference tothe attachments of European citizens to their nations. Beyond the recurring acknowledgement of thestrong social determination of attitudes towards Europe, analysts did observe important differences insupport between European countries, but these were considered as encompassing all sorts ofdifferences between these countries; there was no need to
|Examines argument and the creation and maintenance of social identity. Discusses the relationship between argument and current research on the construction of identities. Presents two illustrations--one focusing on nationalism as given expression in the divided city of Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and another focusing on environmentalism as…
In this study the authors analyse Czech national identity after the break-up of Czechoslovakia and before accession to the European Union. National identity is understood here as a construct consisting of several elements, four of which the authors analyse: territorial identity (localism, regionalism, patriotism, and Eur- opeanism), the image of the nation - the cultural nation (ethno-nation) and the political
One of the guiding principles of health policy in many European countries is equitable access to health care services. One of the life saving procedures is percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) performed after coronary angiography. Introducing payment for these procedures would limit access for low-income patients. Fortunately, despite political debate, invasive cardiology develops well in Poland. It is important to notice that within the European Union Polish citizens would be able to receive this treatment in other member states and, according to a European Court of Justice ruling, the costs would have to be reimbursed by the National Health Fund. The wider implication is that the 10 new EU member states now have to realise that health care is no longer a matter of national sovereignty - a fact legislators and health care managers in the 15 member states of the pre-accession EU are still struggling with. PMID:16964685
Objective: This study presents an overview of national nutrition action plans in the member states of the European Union (EU), before its enlargement in 2004. In addition, their compliance with key recommendations of the World Health Organization, as documented in the First Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy and the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health, has
Carl Lachat; John Van Camp; Stefaan De Henauw; Christophe Matthys; Yvan Larondelle; Patrick Kolsteren
In the framework of the EGIDA Project (European Commission FP7), that aims to support the implementation of the GEOSS Science and Technology roadmap, a workshop was held for the identification and analysis of EuropeanNational contributions across a wide range of GEOSS SBAs (Social Benefit Areas), characterised through a bottom-up approach to GEOSS. During the workshop organization phase it was decided to address the activities not only to the identification of further examples showcasing GEOSS at work, but also to provide to the European Commission and GEOSS: a) elements to improve the national/regional contribution to GEOSS; b) elements to make the national contribution sustainable; and c) practices, commonalities and needs for further replication processes. The workshop collected 17 contributions from various European research institutes, programmes, projects and academia. The results of the workshop have been analysed in terms of practices, commonalities and needs, and they have been grouped into nine issues, such as: a) organising & catalysing resources, b) reuse and replication, c) promote data sharing, d) raise awareness for changing culture, e) ICT supporting activities & knowledge transfer, f) national GEO implementation & also governance, g) quick wins, h) scientific engagement in GEOSS and i) possible improvement of GEOSS at the EU level.
Mazzetti, P.; Bonora, N.; McCallum, I.; Nativi, S.
The release of ESA 1995 GDP data for Malta has ushered in great changes in the way in which the Maltese economy can be analysed. Indicators computed from the new national accounts reveal that the Maltese economy has achieved a relatively high degree of convergence with the European average, especially when compared with other new Member States. However some industries
|How is the tension between renewed nationalist and European narratives of belonging being unfolded in the curricula, discourse, and practice of civic education in Slovakia and Estonia. As two post-socialist territories that were "reborn" as independent nation-states in the 1990s, Slovakia and Estonia were confronted with pressure to…
This article investigates the media construction of female bodies in relation to the symbolic processes of nation-making through the European handball championships in 1998. The focus is on mediated texts from Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Norway and Romania, in which cultural differences and similarities through cultural metaphors in a feminist perspective are the main issues. Contradictions and ambivalences are also included
The European earwig, Forficula auricularia L., was surveyed using pitfall traps at three sites at the Hanford Reach National Monument in south central Washington state. Pitfall traps were collected weekly from April 2002 through April 2003. The earwig was consistently taken during all months of the...
This study is a cross-national comparative content analysis of the broadsheet press coverage of EU Common Foreign and Security issues (n=1453) focusing on the presence of indicators of a European Public Sphere. Specifically, we investigated the visibility of Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) stories, featuring actors, the tone of coverage and the presence of ‘risk’ and ‘opportunity’ frames. We
The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.
In an era of increasing globalization, women continue to be underrepresented and stereotyped in national, international and global news media. The problem is exacerbated when traditional geographic boundaries are crossed and the media in one country report on issues and events, particularly those that impact women, in another country. The question addressed in this article is how news organizations can
An information revolution is underway which will have an impact on all sectors of society. It will fundamentally change national and international health systems. The global Internet is a key influence and will change the balance of power within and between healthcare professions, and between them and the general public. This revolution offers enormous potential benefits to global health but there is also potential for harm. There are a wide range of barriers to realising the potential benefits. They lie in areas such as the protection of personal information; ownership and legal accountability; data meanings: structures and database navigation; deficiencies in the global Internet and lack of access by many communities. This paper considers the nature of those barriers. In 1994, the Group of Seven Nations launched an initiative to stimulate a global information society. Theme 8 deals with healthcare and therein Sub-project 5 'Enabling Mechanisms', which the author leads, is seeking to identify barriers and the authoritative international sources of advise and good practice. It is conducting an international survey, the results of which should be published by the end of 1997. This paper describes the aims of this Sub-project. PMID:9600400
|Compares different theoretical approaches to the study of international news. Finds many comparative studies of the foreign news output of national broadcasters and few studies analyzing the actual flow of television news between actors at the wholesale level and the flow between wholesale and retail level. Suggests a better framework for the…
In 2002, funding from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Ireland spurred the creation of the Humanities in the European Research Area (HERA). By 2005, the organization had defined its mission as a "network of national funding agencies and the European Science Foundation...committed to leading and developing funding opportunities for humanities researchers in Europe...and sharing management practices and outcomes." Visitors can find a list of the member countries under the Network of Funders tab. Visitors interested in learning what topics of humanities research have been aided by HERA should check out the News tab on the menu near the top of any page. There visitors will find Research Policy News, Research News, and Newsfeeds. Some newsfeeds of note here include International Conference on Translating E-Literature, Radio Show on Vienna Housing, and Memory Work and Civil Society.
Citizens depend on information from the mass media when forming their opinion about political issues. Studies have shown that news media coverage of the EU can affect general and policy-specific support for European integration. Extant research has focused on individual-level analyses at specific points in time. The present study considers whether the visibility and the framing of EU news coverage
Rens Vliegenthart; Andreas R. T. Schuck; Hajo G. Boomgaarden; Claes H. De Vreese
A national poll and a content analysis of network newscasts examined if coverage of foreign nations had an agenda-setting influence. The more media coverage a nation received, the more likely respondents were to think the nation was vitally important to U.S. interests, supporting the agenda-setting hypothesis. The more negative coverage a nation received, the more likely respondents were to think
This article analyzes the successful Romanian weekly satire show Cronica Cârcota?ilor (The Tattlers' Tattle) in the context of the televisual landscape of postsocialist Romania. I argue that given the widespread skepticism toward the unfulfilled promises of the post-socialist transition and the European Union (EU) accession, the show's ability to curb Romanians' disaffection from politics is remarkable. Positioning Romanians as active
... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of ... On behalf of the Friends of the National Library of Medicine (FNLM), welcome to the Summer 2008 ...
This document presents outcomes of a review of the Memorandum on Lifelong Learning (LL) consultation reports from member states of the European Commission and EEA (European Economic Area) countries that collected all views on how best to make progress in implementing LL at local, regional, and national levels. Section 1 provides an overview of…
The purpose of this study was to evaluate past research pertaining to an exotic species, the European wild boar (Sus scrofa) and to incorporate that information with management objectives of the National Park Service into a comprehensive, problem-solving ...
News media coverage of health topics can frame and heighten the salience of health-related issues, thus influencing the public's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through their routine coverage of scientific developments, news media are a critical intermediary in translating research for the public, patients, practitioners, and policymakers. Until now, little was known about how health and medical science reporters and editors
K. Viswanath; Kelly D. Blake; Helen I. Meissner; Nicole Gottlieb Saiontz; Corey Mull; Carol S. Freeman; Bradford Hesse; Robert T. Croyle
Background Growth charts based on data collected in different populations and time periods are key tools to assess children’s linear growth. We analyzed the impact of geographic factors and the secular trend on height-for-age charts currently used in European populations, developed up-to-date European growth charts, and studied the effect of using different charts in a sample of growth retarded children. Methods and Findings In an international survey we obtained 18 unique national height-for-age charts from 28 European countries and compared them with charts from the World Health Organization (WHO), Euro-Growth reference, and Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). As an example, we obtained height data from 3,534 children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) from 13 countries via the ESPN/ERA-EDTA registry, a patient group generally suffering from growth retardation. National growth charts showed a clear secular trend in height (mean height increased on average 0.6 cm/decade) and a North-South height gradient in Europe. For countries without a recent (>1990) national growth chart novel European growth charts were constructed from Northern and Southern European reference populations, reflecting geographic height differences in mean final height of 3.9 cm in boys and 3.8 cm in girls. Mean height SDS of 2- to 17-year-old ESRD patients calculated from recent national or derived European growth charts (?1.91, 95% CI: ?1.97 to ?1.85) was significantly lower than when using CDC or WHO growth charts (?1.55, 95% CI: ?1.61 to ?1.49) (P<0.0001). Conclusion Differences between height-for-age charts may reflect true population differences, but are also strongly affected by the secular trend in height. The choice of reference charts substantially affects the clinical decision whether a child is considered short-for-age. Therefore, we advocate using recent national or European height-for-age charts derived from recent national data when monitoring growth of healthy and diseased European children.
Bonthuis, Marjolein; van Stralen, Karlijn J.; Verrina, Enrico; Edefonti, Alberto; Molchanova, Elena A.; Hokken-Koelega, Anita C. S.; Schaefer, Franz; Jager, Kitty J.
The _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication, is now available on the Web. The current issue features an interview with the new Executive Director of the Internet Society, Tony Rutkowski, as well as a full-length article about the new NSFNET architecture, with a topology map; a Regional NIC Report from NorthWestNet about health care providers and the Internet; a news brief on current and pending National Information Infrastructure (NII) legislation, with a table of current legislation and status; and regular features of the _NSF Network News_ such as the InterNIC Event Calendar and updates from InterNIC partners.
This contribution studies the conditional impact of European political preferences on the vote. Part of the effect of European preferences on the v ote is assumed to remain hidden as long as one does not account for heterogeneity in the deter minants of party choice across voters. Three sources of heterogeneity at different levels of analysis are examined. At the
People worldwide rely on the news media to report current events accurately and without bias. TV and radio have been available for decades to report the news, but the Internet is rapidly becoming a major source for instantaneous news. During and following the events of September 11, users with access to the Internet watched the terrorist attacks of September unfold
This paper investigates how competition in the media affects the quality of news. In our model, demand for news depends on the market perception of the media's ability to receive correct information: it is positive if and only if news is potentially useful for the voting decision. When the media receives information which contradics commonly shared priors, it either reports
|This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five Europeannational libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital…
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in late life takes various forms including physical harm, sexual assault, and murder. Using national newspaper reports of IPV among elders, we identified the types of violence reported most frequently in media and examined how the abuse was conceptualized by reporters. We found that most cases of IPV reported involved murder, with men as perpetrators and women as victims. Caregiving stress and health problems were frequently cited as contributing factors in the cases. Interpreting these findings from a feminist perspective, we suggest implications for practitioners working with older adults. PMID:23627429
This study is based on the analysis of a week of programmes on European television channels. In the news programmes an under-representation of women among the journalists as well as in the news items themselves may be observed. If women are predominant in commercials, they appear there mainly as housewives, whose decisions to purchase a product need to be guided
Background The Netherlands is one of the few countries where euthanasia is legal under strict conditions. This study investigates whether Dutch newspaper articles use the term ‘euthanasia’ according to the legal definition and determines what arguments for and against euthanasia they contain. Methods We did an electronic search of seven Dutch national newspapers between January 2009 and May 2010 and conducted a content analysis. Results Of the 284 articles containing the term ‘euthanasia’, 24% referred to practices outside the scope of the law, mostly relating to the forgoing of life-prolonging treatments and assistance in suicide by others than physicians. Of the articles with euthanasia as the main topic, 36% described euthanasia in the context of a terminally ill patient, 24% for older persons, 16% for persons with dementia, and 9% for persons with a psychiatric disorder. The most frequent arguments for euthanasia included the importance of self-determination and the fact that euthanasia contributes to a good death. The most frequent arguments opposing euthanasia were that suffering should instead be alleviated by better care, that providing euthanasia can be disturbing, and that society should protect the vulnerable. Conclusions Of the newspaper articles, 24% uses the term ‘euthanasia’ for practices that are outside the scope of the euthanasia law. Typically, the more unusual cases are discussed. This might lead to misunderstandings between citizens and physicians. Despite the Dutch legalisation of euthanasia, the debate about its acceptability and boundaries is ongoing and both sides of the debate are clearly represented.
The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news
Jeff Niederdeppe; Dominick L. Frosch; Robert C. Hornik
Based on personal interviews with 166 men and women older than age 65 and 246 mail questionnaires, this study finds that older people prefer television for national and world news, but newspapers for local news. Of television programs, both men and women prefer news and public affairs programs highest, but thereafter women prefer educational programs next while men favor sports
This study examines patterns of news consumption across multiple media platforms and relates them to civic participation. Analyzing a national sample of close to 25,000 respondents, nearly half the adult population in America is classified as news “Avoiders,” and the other half as “News-seekers.” Testing the relationship between civic participation and news consumption for each of 6 media platforms individually,
Thomas B. Ksiazek; Edward C. Malthouse; James G. Webster
\\/ This study content analyzed international news published on two of the most visited websites in the US, cnn.com and www.nytimes.com. The influences of trade, existence of news agencies, national traits and cultural and geographic proximity on these two news websites were examined. The international news from the online version was analyzed and compared with the print and broadcast versions.
Europe is undergoing considerable demographic, economic, cultural and socio-political change. National citizenship identities have been challenged by the simultaneous processes of European integration and the migration of people into and across Europe. This paper explores how the current generation of youth relates towards Europe, and highlights…
|The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official…
|Summarizes public opinion on perceived threats to peace, the means considered most effective to preserve and strengthen peace, and attitudes toward military resistance, nuclear weapons, and defense spending. The data presented span several years and are often reported for individual West Europeannations. (JDH)|
|This document is comprised of the two issues published in volume 1 (1999) of "Parent News Offline," a newsletter of the National Parent Information Network (NPIN), designed to introduce those without Internet access to the activities and information available through NPIN. The spring 1999 issue contains the following articles: (1) "Child Care:…
A set of recursive relations called NEWS (for New-Product Early Warning System) is here presented in its own right as a separable part of the DEMON System for marketing new products. NEWS is designed to distinguish the variables and relations that are usu...
A. Charnes W. W. Cooper J. K. Devoe D. B. Learner L. Light
For additional updates on the development of RFID technology, RFID News maintains current news about emerging standards (including the controversial ISO 11784/85 standard), innovative applications, and general issues. Some topics covered include pet identification devices, intellectual property, and court cases involving RFID.
Transponder News offers several articles that explore the technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) in greater detail. Topics include choosing the frequency, types of RFID systems, suppliers, trends, and technical reports. Visitors will also find links to interviews, standards, and registration for Transponder News' newsletter of site updates.
The news media provides a public forum that educates and informs the government and the governed. The tension between news as a business commodity and public good affects newsgathering and dissemination--what the public wants to know and what they need to...
J. Benfer J. Bohr J. Chambers R. Castellvi W. Beard
New Zealand (NZ) Europeans show a unique implicit bicultural effect, with research using the Implicit Association Test consistently\\u000a showing that they associate M?ori (the Indigenous peoples) and their own (dominant\\/advantaged majority) group as equally representative\\u000a of the nation. We replicated and extended this NZ = bicultural effect in a small online national sample of M?ori and NZ Europeans.\\u000a The NZ European majority
Jessica F. HardingChris; Chris G. Sibley; Andrew Robertson
This article examines local news coverage of an election in one of the nation's “social capital capitals,” Minnesota. In Minnesota, according to theorized connections between civic involvement and news media use, we might expect the orientation of local news to be local and the quality of coverage of local campaigns to be high. Content analysis of all evening newscasts on
Daniel Stevens; Dean Alger; Barbara Allen; John L. Sullivan
A leading national newspaper has stated that the majority of the information contained in its pages is in the form of advertisements. To investigate this, portions of the local newspaper are distributed to students working in groups. The class first reaches consensus on their definitions of "news" and other general headings (sports, entertainment, etc.). Students then express the ratio of the area of each category to the area of the page as a fraction and decimal. After analyzing the entire newspaper, students decide how much of it is really news.
For this activity students read the newspaper on a daily basis, listen to news on the radio, or watch television, to acquire material related to the earth sciences. They will look for natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, hurricanes, etc.), human-made hazards (urbanization, compromised engineering projects, etc.), environmental issues, or resource extraction issues which all appear in the news with great frequency and are easily accessible. Students are reminded that they should look for information on the local level (water quality, solid waste management, development issues, etc.), as well as national and world wide issues. The news items may then be presented to the class as show-and-tell exercises with follow-up discussion by the class; a bulletin board that could be dedicated to posting the geologic events of the week; or scrapbooks of events, arranged either chronologically or by category of events compiled by individuals or classes.
It can be quite fun to read the news, but about what the beauty of viewing a clutch of colorful news sites? Pulse is an "elegant news reading application" designed for the iPhone, Android, and other mobile devices. The application uses colorful panning story bars and populates them with content from sources (such as CNN, the BBC, and so on) selected by the user. Visitors can sign up for a free account, and they will also want to read over the FAQ section on the site.
GARR is engineering its next generation of the Italian Research and Education Network (GARR-X), which will exploit a countrywide optical infrastructure based on DWDM equipment and advanced multi-domain services. The trend is common in all National Research and Education Networks  in Europe and worldwide. NRENs are relying more and more on direct use of optical equipment to fulfill the researchers' requirements. These hybrid networks are built to provide services on a multi-domain environment both at the circuit and at the IP layer for researchers in, for example, radio astronomy (eVLBI ), GRID computing (EGEE , LHC ), high-performance computing (DEISA ). This article outlines the status and issues of ongoing research activities in GARR  and NRENs to provide, manage, and evolve dedicated optical-based networks for providing multi-domain end-to-end services. The research is performed mainly in the framework of the European Commission co-funded project GÉANT2 .
... Transparency; Website Policies. FDA. US Food and Drug ... 888-463-6332) Email FDA. USA.gov; E ... International Programs; News & Events; Training and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/newsevents
|For this study, European WAIS III performance subtest norms were compared to the original US norms. When European WAIS III raw scores were scored using US norms, the resulting perceptual organization index (POI) means were significantly higher than the processing speed index (PSI) means. The POI/PSI difference is roughly 5-10 points for the…
This document is the report of a commission appointed by the Governor of New Jersey to examine the status of Eastern European studies in the state's public schools. The commission surveyed the state's secondary schools and found that the Eastern European region outside of Russia was given very little attention. As its main focus, the commission…
For this study, European WAIS III performance subtest norms were compared to the original US norms. When European WAIS III raw scores were scored using US norms, the resulting perceptual organization index (POI) means were significantly higher than the processing speed index (PSI) means. The POI/PSI difference is roughly 5-10 points for the German…
|Rebecca New describes a history of selective enthusiasm for Western European ideas about children, the period of childhood, and the potentials of early care and educational services. She further acknowledges the European origins of many features of contemporary early childhood education, including the prevalence of educational toys, the…
Rebecca New describes a history of selective enthusiasm for Western European ideas about children, the period of childhood, and the potentials of early care and educational services. She further acknowledges the European origins of many features of contemporary early childhood education, including the prevalence of educational toys, the principles…
Purpose – This paper aims to present an exploratory investigation into ten-year (1995-2004) patterns of trade specialization among Eastern European and former Soviet Union Nations, assessing patterns of comparative advantage across the textile machinery, man-made fiber, textile, and apparel sectors of the textile complex to determine whether these conform with both trade specialization and industry evolution theories. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A
Xenopus is an essential vertebrate model system for biomedical research that has contributed to important discoveries in many disciplines, including cell biology, molecular biology, physiology, developmental biology and neurobiology. However, unlike other model systems no central repository/stock center for Xenopus had been established until recently. Similar to mouse, zebrafish and fly communities, which have established stock centers, Xenopus researchers need to maintain and distribute rapidly growing numbers of inbred, mutant and transgenic frog strains, along with DNA and protein resources, and individual laboratories struggle to accomplish this efficiently. In the last five years two resource centers were founded to address this need: the European Xenopus Resource Center (EXRC) at the University of Portsmouth in England, and the National Xenopus Resource (NXR) at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, MA, USA. These two centers work together to provide resources and support to the Xenopus research community. The EXRC and NXR serve as stock centers and acquire, produce, maintain and distribute mutant, inbred and transgenic X. laevis and X. tropicalis lines. Independently, the EXRC is a repository for Xenopus cDNAs, fosmids and antibodies; it also provides oocytes and wild type frogs within the UK. The NXR will complement these services by providing research training and promoting intellectual interchange through hosting minicourses and workshops and offering space for researchers to perform short-term projects at the MBL. Together the EXRC and NXR will enable researchers to improve productivity by providing resources and expertise to all levels, from graduate students to experienced PIs. These two centers will also enable investigators that use other animal systems to take advantage of Xenopus’ unique experimental features to complement their studies.
Pearl, Esther J.; Grainger, Robert M.; Guille, Matthew; Horb, Marko E.
Together with the national central banks of the European Union, the European Central Bank (ECB) collects statistical information and governs the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Legal texts about the ECB, the ESCB, and the European Monetary Union (EMI) are provided in addition to press releases, speeches, euro area statistics and selected publications of the EMI (in eleven European languages).
One of the most important yet insufficiently researched dynamics of the European Union (EU) concerns its effectiveness in accommodating the security concerns of its members. With NATO dominating the collective security market of the old continent, the lau...
Aims: To examine the psychosocial correlates of substance use among adolescents in six European countries. Design: Cross-sectional school population survey (ESPAD) based on standardized methodological procedures. Setting: High schools in six European countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Romania, Slovenia and UK. Participants: Representative samples of a total sample of 16,445 high school students whose 16th birthday fell in the year of
Anna Kokkevi; Clive Richardson; Silvia Florescu; Marina Kuzman; Eva Stergar
After a reconstruction of the traditional legal setting of extradition, the paper explores the European Arrest Warrant Framework Decision’s nationality and residence clauses in their normative context: mutual recognition and mutual trust. It then discusses how these clauses have been implemented at Member States’ level and the problems encountered therein with the surrender of a state national and with (some
National Chemistry Week"> Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).
Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL
Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section
Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.
Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.
NSTA Teacher Awards
During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
|This study tested the power of "elite nation" factors (trade, population, and gross national product) to predict the amount of foreign news coverage for specific countries. A composite week for the first quarter of 1975 was randomly drawn, and ten Canadian and twenty-nine United States newspapers were coded for all news items reported on those…
The aim of this paper is to describe a news-based multivariate GARCH estimation and simulation of the DM-$ and Yen-$ exchange rates jointly with two financial variables strictly connected with their dynamics, i.e. long term yields and the Dow Jones Index. A twice daily frequency (Japanese-European and American time zones) empirical approach and a new class of unscheduled news variables
|This article presents several news stories about computers and technology. (1) Applied Science Associates of Narragansett, Rhode Island is providing computer modeling technology to help locate the remains to the USS Bonhomme Richard, which sank in 1779 after claiming a Revolutionary War victory. (2) Whyville, the leading edu-tainment virtual…
Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007
This paper highlights the economic meaning of the size of the state for members of the European Union, thereby making the economic success of EU states statistically tangible. Firstly, we show in descriptive illustrations that the theoretically expected characteristics of small countries clearly apply to the current EU states. From the theoretical perspective, only the bivariate relationship between the population
|Analyzed the reigns of 25 long-tenured European absolute monarchs for 238 five-year age periods to determine the relationship between age and achievement in the politico-military domain. Results indicated that age negatively correlated with success in foreign wars and with treaty negotiation, and positively correlated with civil instability at…
Cardiovascular scientific production in Europe is growing both in quantity and quality. Promoting high- quality research is a major goal of the European So- ciety of Cardiology (ESC) (1-3). The ESC has two highly respected official general journals, namely the \\
Ernst E. van der Wall; Anesti Kondili; Djamaleddine Nibouche; Karlen Adamyan; Kurt Huber; Hugo Ector; Izet Masic; Rumiana Tarnovska; Mario Ivanusa; Jørgen Videbæk; Mohamed Hamed; Alexandras Laucevicius; Pirjo Mustonen; Jean-Yves Artigou; Ariel Cohen; Mamanti Rogava; Michael Böhm; Eckart Fleck; Gerd Heusch; Rainer Klawki; Panos Vardas; Christodoulos Stefanadis; József Tenczer; Massimo Chiariello; Joseph Elias; Halima Benjelloun; Olaf Rødevand; Edvard Apetrei; Victor A. Lusov; Rafael G. Oganov; Velibor Obradovic; Gabriel Kamensky; Miran F. Kenda; Christer Höglund; Thomas F. Lüscher; René Lerch; Moufid Jokhadar; Habib Haouala; Vedat Sansoy; Valentin Shumakov; Adam Timmis
The European Commission has designed a network of European Union-National Reference Laboratories (EU-NRLs), coordinated by a Community Reference Laboratory (CRL), for control of hygiene of milk and milk products (Council Directive 92/46/ECC). As a common contaminant of milk and milk products such as cheese, staphylococcal enterotoxins are often involved in human outbreaks and should be monitored regularly. The main tasks of the EU-CRLs were to select and transfer to the EU-NRLs a reference method for detection of enterotoxins, and to set up proficiency testing to evaluate the competency of the European laboratory network. The first interlaboratory exercise was performed on samples of freeze-dried cheese inoculated with 2 levels of staphylococcal enterotoxins (0.1 and 0.25 ng/g) and on an uninoculated control. These levels were chosen considering the EU regulation for staphylococcal enterotoxins in milk and milk products and the limit of detection of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test recommended in the reference method. The trial was conducted according to the recommendations of ISO Guide 43. Results produced by laboratories were compiled and compared through statistical analysis. Except for data from 2 laboratories for the uninoculated control and cheese inoculated at 0.1 ng/g, all laboratories produced satisfactory results, showing the ability of the EU-NRL network to monitor the enterotoxin contaminant. PMID:12733489
|This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five Europeannational libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from…
This paper reports research into cross-national differences in corporate lobbying in the European Union (EU). Original data collected through an online survey, conducted between April and June 2010, of 132 government affairs managers in large firms are analysed to ascertain the extent their political activities are influenced by the national business cultures in which they were socialised. Findings indicate significant
|Includes the following reports: "'LJ' (Library Journal) News Report: Libraries Success at Funding Books and Bytes"; "'SLJ' (School Library Journal) News Report: We're in the Money!"; and "'PW' (Publishers Weekly) News Reports". (AEF)|
St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Margolis, Rick; Glick, Andrea; Milliot, Jim
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on Government Secrecy, which works to "challenge excessive government secrecy and to promote public oversight," has recently launched this email publication. Distributed two to three times per week, Secrecy News contains stories on recent developments in secrecy and security policy and links to new materials placed on the FAS Website. A subscription form is provided at the site.
Since 2003 the Employment Equality Directive (2000\\/78\\/EC) requires Member States of the European Union to prohibit sexual orientation discrimination in the field of employment. This book assesses to what degree the Directive’s requirements have been met by the twenty-seven Member States. The authors discuss the relevant aspects of EU law and provide a detailed analysis of the quality and conformity
Science News is the magazine of the Society for Science and the Public, and they certainly do deliver via their well designed website. There is a lot to read on the homepage alone and the material is pitched towards a general audience, so visitors don't need to be students of science to understand the articles. The "SN Bookshelf" offers reviews of the latest science-oriented books. The "SN Multimedia" section, near the bottom of the homepage, offers videos and photo slideshows to explain scientific research, such as the videos "Pigeons usually let best navigator take the lead" and "Fruit flies turn on auto-pilot." There is even a "Science News for Kids" section, accessible at the top of any page. For those visitors who are impressed by this site and want to continue learning about science, there is an e-mail alert or RSS feed available and there are dozens of topics to choose to get news from, as well as columns and features.
|The effect of physical mobility on news consumption and on preference for a particular news medium for different geographic news was investigated in this study. A survey of 652 residents of Lansing, Michigan, linked levels of mass media news usage to the extent of residential mobility and to national and foreign traveling indexes. Demographic…
This experiment investigated the effects of television news frames on (1) audience interpretations of a political issue, (2) the salience of news frames versus other information in the story, and (3) support for future policy. A sample of 145 adults watched an experimental television news bulletin produced in cooperation with reporters and editors at a national television news program about
"Three scenarios of future mortality trends are presented for all countries of the European Economic Area. The high scenario assumes a considerable decline in mortality rates. Consequently life expectancy at birth will continue to increase at about the same rate as during the last decades.... In the low scenario only a small decline in death rates is assumed. This scenario assumes that there will be no convergence between countries. Moreover the current differences between male and female mortality are assumed to persist." PMID:12348630
|Investigates Asian and European students' perceptions of imbalance in international news reported in the United States media. Finds that both European and Asian students find bias in world news coverage in United States media, but notes that the more Western-oriented students are more critical of media coverage. (RS)|
This article first summarises the findings of a three-year research project on the Europeanisation of national party organisation, then proceeds to a critical analysis of the consequences for national as well as EU governance. The account begins with the general finding that mainstream centre-left and centre-right parties have not created new procedures to make their leaders more accountable for their
|Each of the three studies in this report explores in some detail a category of news that traditionally has been regarded as monolithic--business, sports, and foreign news. Highlights of the three studies are as follows: (1) A public opinion poll showed that people were more interested in stories about local business and industry than in national…
This paper examines the international news coverage of governability offered by several news sources. Governability is defined as actual or potential challenges to the domestic political order or stability of a nation, manifested by oppositional violence, leadership crises or institutional change. The New York Times, AP, UPI, Reuters, Northern Reuters, Kyodo and Xinshua are examined for one week. We evaluate
Learning about the world of design can be rather fun, and for persons interested in entering this industry, it can be essential to stay on top of ongoing developments. Design Week launched their site in November 2006, and as the publication is based in Britain, the coverage of design events and trends is primarily focused on the British and Continental scenes. From those thinking about looking for a new job in the field, the site also contains job postings and suggestions for those going on the job market. The site is rounded out by a place where visitors can also sign up to receive news alerts via email.
After the news of Osama Bin Laden's death leaked through Twitter, many people wondered if Twitter would fundamentally change the way we produce, spread, and consume news. In this paper we provide an in-depth analysis of how the news broke and spread on Twitter. We confirm the claim that Twitter broke the news first, and find evidence that Twitter had
Mengdie Hu; Shixia Liu; Furu Wei; Yingcai Wu; John Stasko; Kwan-Liu Ma
The transition to a fully digital breast screening programme, utilising three different full-field digital mammography (FFDM) systems has presented many challenges to the implementation of the European guidelines for physico-technical quality assurance (QA) testing. An analysis of the QA results collected from the FFDM systems in the screening programme over a 2-y period indicates that the three different systems have similar QA performances. Generally, the same tests were failed by all systems and failure rates were low. The findings provide some assurance that the QA guidelines are being correctly implemented. They also suggest that there is more scope for the development of the relevance of the guidelines with respect to modern FFDM systems. This study has also shown that a summary review of the QA data can be achieved by simple organisation of the QA data storage and by automation of data query and retrieval using commonly available software. PMID:23173219
Background Disability weights represent the relative severity of disease stages to be incorporated in summary measures of population health. The level of agreement on disability weights in Western European countries was investigated with different valuation methods. Methods Disability weights for fifteen disease stages were elicited empirically in panels of health care professionals or non-health care professionals with an academic background following a strictly standardised procedure. Three valuation methods were used: a visual analogue scale (VAS); the time trade-off technique (TTO); and the person trade-off technique (PTO). Agreement among England, France, the Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden on the three disability weight sets was analysed by means of an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) in the framework of generalisability theory. Agreement among the two types of panels was similarly assessed. Results A total of 232 participants were included. Similar rankings of disease stages across countries were found with all valuation methods. The ICC of country agreement on disability weights ranged from 0.56 [95% CI, 0.52–0.62] with PTO to 0.72 [0.70–0.74] with VAS and 0.72 [0.69–0.75] with TTO. The ICC of agreement between health care professionals and non-health care professionals ranged from 0.64 [0.58–0.68] with PTO to 0.73 [0.71–0.75] with VAS and 0.74 [0.72–0.77] with TTO. Conclusions Overall, the study supports a reasonably high level of agreement on disability weights in Western European countries with VAS and TTO methods, which focus on individual preferences, but a lower level of agreement with the PTO method, which focuses more on societal values in resource allocation.
Schwarzinger, Michael; Stouthard, Marlies EA; Burstrom, Kristina; Nord, Erik
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic stem cell disorder in which the diagnosis is confirmed by detection of a genetic marker: Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome in almost 90% of cases. Some of Ph1 negative patients, nevertheless, test positive for the abnormal gene, or the abnormal protein associated with this chromosome, when more sensitive studies, such as PCR or FISH are used and nowadays the diagnosis of CML is based, not only on cytogenetic, but also on molecular analysis. The better understanding of the CML biology provided by the latest researches requires a deeper knowledge about the epidemiologic data in each geographic area, so the compiling of a National and/or European Registry for CML patients, that represents one of the aims of this study, became a stringent matter in our days; it can offer valuable data concerning the real incidence of this disease in Romania and can provide the basics for establishing long-term budgetary strategies. PMID:21180244
Vl?d?reanu, Ana Maria; Voican, Irina; Bumbea, H; Vasile, Daniela; Radesi, Sânziana; Coriu, D; Coli?a, Adriana; T?lmaci, Rodica; Ilea, Anca
This paper investigates the ways in which readers interpret a news editorial on the basis of cultural assumptions formulated partly under the influence of the media they are associated with. For this investigation, questionnaires (English and Japanese versions) on the discourse of whaling were administered to 30 Japanese postgraduate students and 30 British, European and North American academics, researchers and
The Optical Long Baseline Interferometry News is a website and forum for scientists, engineers, and students who share an interest in long baseline stellar interferometry. It was established in 1995 and is the focus of activity of the IAU Working Group on Optical/Infrared Interferometry. Here you will find links to projects devoted to stellar interferometry, news items, recent papers and preprints, and resources for further research. The email news forum was established in 2001 to complement the website and to facilitate exchanges and collaborations. The forum includes an email exploder and an archived list of discussions. You are invited to explore the forum and website at http://olbin.jpl.nasa.gov. Work by PRL was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
|On every continent, educational systems are considered the exclusive responsibility of individual states. Particularly in Europe, developing educational systems was viewed as an important part of nation building until World War II. After the war, however, there was a concerted effort to harmonize educational policies to protect the continent from…
On every continent, educational systems are considered the exclusive responsibility of individual states. Particularly in Europe, developing educational systems was viewed as an important part of nation building until World War II. After the war, however, there was a concerted effort to harmonize educational policies to protect the continent from…
The influence of natural disturbance on biodiversity is poorly known in the intensively cultivated landscape of Europe. As\\u000a an example of insect disturbance we studied effects of gaps generated by outbreaks of the spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) on biodiversity in the area of the National Park “Bavarian Forest” and compared them with openings (e.g. meadows) created\\u000a by humans in
Jörg Müller; Heinz Bußler; Martin Goßner; Thomas Rettelbach; Peter Duelli
Many critics allege that the US nationalnews media is biased in favour of liberal causes and Democratic candidates. The lack of an objective measure of news content ensures that such charges remain controversial. I consider an indirect test for media bias: if the nationalnews media do exhibit a liberal bias, consumption should be higher in liberal media markets,
Many critics allege that the US nationalnews media is biased in favour of liberal causes and Democratic candidates. The lack of an objective measure of news content ensures that such charges remain controversial. I consider an indirect test for media bias: if the nationalnews media do exhibit a liberal bias, consumption should be higher in liberal media markets,
This article tested a model, informed by the knowledge gap hypothesis, to predict information seeking about cancer immediately following news about the diagnosis or death from cancer of a national celebrity. I identified five celebrity news events and examined their impact using data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. News…
|Investigates the influence on international news coverage in 38 countries of (1) traits of nations, (2) magnitude of interaction and relatedness between nations, and (3) logistics of newsgathering. Finds trade volume and presence of international news agencies were the two primary predictors of the amount of news coverage. (NH)|
|This article tested a model, informed by the knowledge gap hypothesis, to predict information seeking about cancer immediately following news about the diagnosis or death from cancer of a national celebrity. I identified five celebrity news events and examined their impact using data from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. News…
Summary The European Union has experienced dramatic internal and external changes within the last few decades. These changes have deeply affected and changed the traditional concepts, meaning and importance of the principles of sovereignty and nationality. The discussion about the pros and cons of the exception clause to the free movement of workers principle (Art. 39.4 EC) has to been
Purpose – To describe the process and results of the business-planning workpackage of The European Library (TEL) project, in which eight national libraries collaborated on a joint approach to access to their digital libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology was in three parts: first, a literature review and the mapping of the partners' existing and planned digital products and services, then
In this PBS NewsHour Extra lesson plan, students take an in-depth look at the SARS epidemic, with a particular focus on pan-national public health administration. A NewsHour interview with Dr. David Heyman, Director for Communicable Diseases at the World Health Organization (WHO), forms the basis of the exercise (video, audio, and transcript available). A NewsHour Extra story on SARS provides additional material. The site also offers ideas for homework and extension activities, each designed to help students explore and understand the process by which organizations like WHO tackle new disease outbreaks.
ABC News has added a section of video and audio newsclips to its news service at the GO Network, InfoSeek Corporation's Internet portal. Users can see and listen to national headline news, such as a clip from Warren Beatty's speech at an awards dinner Wednesday night (sounding rather presidential). They can also search for additional video files using Videosearch, by Virage. Beatty as a search term turned up a clip about the Clinton family's summer vacation on Martha's Vineyard that included a mention of Beatty's presidential aspirations and opinions on the Democratic Party, but no additional pictures of Beatty.
A national, web-based survey of 1,222 African-American, Latina/o, Asian-American and European-American psychology graduate students revealed both similarities and differences in experiences and perspectives. Mentoring was found to be the strongest predictor of satisfaction across groups. Academic supports and barriers, along with perceptions of diversity were also important predictors of satisfaction. Students of color differed from European-American students in perceptions of fairness of representation of their ethnic group within psychology, and in aspects of the graduate school experience perceived as linked to ethnicity. Limitations of the study and implications for future research and action are discussed.
Maton, Kenneth I.; Wimms, Harriette E.; Grant, Sheila K.; Wittig, Michele A.; Rogers, Margaret R.; Vasquez, Melba J. T.
|A special issue with extensive coverage of The Television News Exchange. Contributing authors from all over the world give their perspectives on the current status and future prospects of The Television News Exchange. (HB)|
|Presents results of a study among a rural population of the relationship of amount of local and network television news-viewing and age, education, sex, income, length of local residence, radio-news listening behavior, and newspaper reading. (JMF)|
Against the backdrop of the post?Cold War world and within the framework of the social construction of reality, this paper argues that social structure, both internal and external, is a major influence on the news. Using data collected during a 26?day period from China's CCTV and the United States’ ABC, this study examines how the form and content of international
Topics addressed include: magnetic bearing flywheel flight model; short take-off and landing fanjet; effect of air blowoff from a mobile wing casing on turbine performance; interactive parameter identification system (IPIS); load model storm detection equ...
From 1513 to 1640, news pamphlets informed and entertained the English. Such publications have been difficult to identify and little has been written about them. More than 1,200 pamphlets were identified by reviewing entries in the Short Title Catalogue. They were then analyzed by numbers produced and subject matter. Factors that news pamphlets may share with modern news formats -
|Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…
Breaking bad news has been ignored in the past and still depends largely on culture and social state. We experience now a strong trend towards full information in modern societies. The article describes the typical stages patients go through when dealing with bad news. Recommendations how to break bad news stress the importance of privacy and enough time, the necessity
This site at Texas A&M features frequently updated links to anthropology news stories published on the web by major news sources and university press releases. The news items are listed most recently first, but the whole site can also searched by keyword.
Yahoo!News has updated its Website with a new feature: slideshows of current news photos. Each of its news sections -- Top Stories, World, Entertainment, Sports, Science, Lifestyle, and Politics -- now contains a grouping of photos in a slideshow format. The slideshows are updated daily, and an archive is available. Be warned, however, that a few advertisements pop up during the slideshows.
Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…
\\u000a The criteria used in selecting astronomical papers for press conferences and press releases are reviewed in the context of\\u000a what the news media expect and require. The press activities developed over the past 15 years for the semiannual national\\u000a meetings of the American Astronomical Society, including press conferences, media seminars, and photo opportunities, which\\u000a are planned on the basis of
Stephen P. Maran; Lynn R. Cominsky; Laurence A. Marschall
This paper discusses assorted aspects of the images of cities in the news media. Images affect perceptions and various spatial decisions made by three groups: the general public, decision makers on the national level and the place's inhabitants. Thus, media portrayal has implications for the position of cities in the growing international and national competition for various resources such as
|This document consists of the 12 issues of "Parent News" (an electronic Internet magazine for parents, prepared for the National Parent Information Network) published during 1998. Each monthly issue contains feature articles describing the activities of the National Parent Information Network, summarizing research useful to parents, announcing…
This study examines the modern-day television “news grazer” in American politics. We define news grazers as those individuals who watch television news with remote control in hand and switch to another channel when an uninteresting topic comes up. Using survey data from the Pew Research Center, we find that news grazers differ significantly from nongrazers in news-gathering habits, political knowledge,
There have been very few and limited cross-national comparisons concerning pain among residents of long-term care facilities in Europe. The aim of the present cross-sectional study has been to document the prevalence of pain, its frequency and severity as well as its correlates in three European countries: Finland (north), Italy (south) and the Netherlands (western central). Patients (aged 65years or above) were assessed with the Minimum Data Set 2.0 (MDS).The final sample comprised 5761 patients from 64 facilities in Finland, 2295 patients from 8 facilities in the Netherlands and 1959 patients from 31 facilities in Italy. The prevalence of pain - defined as any type of pain - varied between 32% in Italy, 43% in the Netherlands and 57% in Finland. In nearly 50% of cases, pain was present daily; there were no significant differences in pain prevalence between patients with cancer diagnosis and those with non-cancer diagnosis. Regardless of the different prevalence estimates, pain was moderate-to-severe in over 50% of cases in all the countries. In multivariate logistic regression models, clinical correlates of pain were substantially similar across countries: pain was positively correlated with more severe physical disability (ADL impairment), clinical depression and a diagnosis of osteoporosis. Pain was negatively correlated with a diagnosis of dementia and more severe degrees of cognitive deterioration. We conclude that pain is frequently encountered in long-term care facilities in Europe and that, despite cultural and case-mix differences, pain speaks one language. PMID:19910119
Achterberg, Wilco P; Gambassi, Giovanni; Finne-Soveri, Harriet; Liperoti, Rosa; Noro, Anja; Frijters, Dinnus H M; Cherubini, Antonio; Dell'aquila, Giusy; Ribbe, Miel W
|A study investigated the differences between television news programming in Canada and the United States in three areas: ownership (public versus private), language (French versus English), and nation of origin (Canada versus the United States), in order to determine basic differences in network TV news content Canadian viewers may experience,…
The news media industry and the U.S. national security strategy have been inextricably linked since the founding of the country, when newspaper articles became the medium for widespread public discussion. In the globalized 21st century, the news media ind...
C. S. Ey J. M. Ahlgrimm J. P. Eckardt M. G. Binder N. K. Andrews
This article investigates the determinants of the incumbency bonuses in news coverage. Two main factors are identified: the distribution of political power and changes in the media market. To test these assumptions, a content analysis of the news coverage of 5 national election campaigns in Denmark was conducted (4,592 news stories). First, the more unevenly political power is distributed, the
This paper is concerned with representations of the human genome and medical applications of modern biotechnology in Finnish television news. The main focus is on the way that news stories are framed by various linguistic and visual means and on how scientists appearing in the news are positioned. The qualitative analysis shows that in the national frame, biotechnology was treated
This textual analysis examines the representations of farmed animals in national print and broadcast news discourse in over 100 stories published from 2000 to 2003. Findings show these American news media largely support the speciesist status quo by favoring elite viewpoints and failing to provide balance. Although exceptions are provided, news media often objectify nonhuman animals discursively through: 1) commodification,
The study of the world beyond the sky and how it interacts with the Earth is not only of interest to nations like the United States, but also to developing countries around the world. One aspect of this broad field, Planetary Science, was covered by a United Nations/European Space Agency (UN/ESA) workshop. Topics discussed included: the Chicxulub Impact Crater in Yucatan, Mexico; the solar eclipse of July 11, 1991 and its affect on Costa Rica, and modeling the primeval atmospheres of the gas giants. For individual titles, see A95-79917 through A95-79921.
Frontier News is World Resources Institute's online news service tracking "threats to and development in the world's large, intact natural forests." Updated weekly, Frontier News offers recent news articles on Africa, Asia, Europe & Russia, North & Central America, Oceania (Papua New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand), and South America. General news stories and editorials highlight frontier forests, and emphasize concerns of the Forest Frontiers Initiative.
This month's issue has the following 3 articles: (1) Kathy Yelick is the new director for the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); (2) Head of the Class--A cray XT4 named Franklin passes a rigorous test and becomes an official member of the NERSC supercomputing family; and (3) Model Comparisons--Fusion research group published several recent papers examining the results of two types of turbulence simulations and their impact on tokamak designs.
This cross-national study investigates the relationshipbetween media and p olitical knowledge and participation. Drawing on panel surveys and news media content analyses the study links exposure and attention to specific media contents to changes in political knowledge and participation. While the literature on this issue is divided, this study shows that the positive effects of news media exposure outweigh the
This week's In the News examines the recent high-level corruption scandal in the European Union. Last Tuesday, the European Commission -- the executive body that initiates and implements EU legislation -- resigned en masse, plunging the supranational organization into unprecedented political chaos. All 20 commissioners, led by commission President Jacques Santer of Luxembourg, abdicated their positions the day after the release of a scathing report by the Committee of Independent Experts. The independent panel of experts, who were appointed by the European Parliament, had investigated allegations of bureaucratic malfeasance perpetrated by the European Commission. The committee's report collectively accused the commission of financial "fraud, mismanagement, and nepotism." In the wake of the incriminating report and subsequent resignations, EU foreign ministers are scrambling to find successors for the commissioners to placate the bewildered European citizenry and return to business as usual. This political upheaval happened at a crucial transitional time in the EU's 42-year history, undermining its credibility at a time when it plans to expand into eastern Europe. The current tumult occurred just three months after launching a new unified currency, seven weeks before the new Treaty of Amsterdam commences, and three months before the next European Parliamentary elections, which will determine the future composition of the EU's 626-member assembly. During the next two days, distracted leaders from all fifteen EU member states will meet in Berlin to discuss the reconstruction of the European Commission and formulate a seven-year budget for the entire EU, an organization with about 18,000 officials who administer nearly $100 billion annually. The eight resources discussed provide news, commentary, and analysis.
Recommends playing Anne Murray's recording of "A Little Good News" to promote discussion about the nature of news and Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billy Joe" for discussion on writing news stories about suicides. (CRH)
The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).
In search of a better understanding of young people’s news media consumption in a European high-media environment, this study analysed the role of uses and gratifications motivations in driving time spent with television news, newspapers, and online news sites, while controlling for the effects of possible influential socio-demographics. Our findings confirmed that the need to get information about the world
A. M. R. van Cauwenberge; L. S. J. d'Haenens; J. W. J. Beentjes
BackgroundTo examine the accuracy and adequacy of lay media news stories about complementary and alternative medicines and therapies.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsA descriptive analysis of news stories about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the Australian media using a national medical news monitoring website, mediadoctor.org.au. Each story was rated against 10 criteria by two individuals. Consensus scores of 222 news articles reporting therapeutic
Billie Bonevski; Amanda Wilson; David A. Henry; Walter H. Curioso
The purpose of this paper is to explain the attitude toward the euro on the basis of different aspects of national identity. It is demonstrated that national identity and national pride both entail multi-dimensional constructs. Where national identity is concerned, in most countries a dimension of pure categorization (patriotism) can be distinguished from a dimension of discrimination (nationalism). The third
A health impact assessment (HIA) to consider the potential effects of European Union accession on agriculture and food policies in Slovenia has been undertaken as a joint project between the Slovenian Ministry of Health and the WHO European Region. The HIA project in Slovenia was conducted as a pilot project to develop the methods of HIA in this policy sector. The implications of the European Union Agricultural Policy to health are discussed. HIA methods have been used to assess some of the potential effects in Slovenia of accession to the European Union. This paper outlines some of the early findings and lessons to be learnt from the Slovenian HIA experience in order that other countries may adopt the approach to improve health considerations in agriculture and other intersectoral policymaking.
Personal reports of receiving bad news provide data that describes patients' comprehension, reflections, experienced emotions, and an interpretative commentary with the wisdom of hindsight. Analysis of autobiographical accounts of "hearing bad news" enables the identification of patterns of how patients found out diagnoses, buffering techniques used, and styles of receiving the news. I describe how patients grapple with the news, their somatic responses to hearing, and how they struggle and strive to accept what they are hearing. I discuss metaphors used within the languages of hearing bad news. Finally, I discuss implications for a change of focus in the breaking bad news research agenda, that is, from the physician's "performance" to a patient-focused agenda. PMID:21503780
Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
J. J. Lagowski
J. Mark Tolman
Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to firstname.lastname@example.org; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done
Compiled by Market News International, the Economeister gathers business news and market data to help readers predict the financial future. Links to key economic indicators from around the world are provided by the constantly updated Global Calendar. In addition, longer-term predictions are available in editorial form from the Economeister Intelligencer. Other Economeister options include NY Opening Rates, Archives, and information on fee-based services from Market News.
The antennas are the largest single item in the ALMA budget. Thus the status of antenna procurement is of the highest importance for the project. Associated Universities Inc/NRAO have been given ALMA Board approval and permission by the US National Science Foundation to procure their antennas. On July 11, they signed a contract with VertexRSI for up to 32 antennas for ALMA. ESO is moving ahead with its antenna procurement as quickly as possible. The Joint ALMA Office is leading the rebaselining (a reassessment of project costs). This is proceeding at full speed. There will be discussions of both the rebaselining and antenna procurement issues at the next meetings of the ESO Council to be held in September.
The European Universe Awareness (EU-UNAWE) programme uses the beauty and grandeur of the cosmos to encourage young children, particularly those from underprivileged backgrounds, to develop an interest in science and technology and to foster a sense of global citizenship. EU-UNAWE is already active in 40 countries and comprises a global network of almost 500 astronomers, teachers and other educators. The programme was recently awarded a grant of 1.9 million euros by the European Union so that it can be further developed in five European countries and South Africa. The grant will be used to organise teacher training workshops and to develop educational materials, such as an astronomy news service for children and games. During this presentation we will outline some of the biggest achievements of EU-UNAWE to date and discuss future plans for the programme.
Russo, P.; Miley, G.; Westra van Holthe, F.; Schrier, W.; Reed, S.
This study analyzes change in news media usage among thirteenand seventeen-year-old students, compares TV, radio, and newspaper attention levels, and considers changes in news topics of interest to teenagers during the Vietnam-Watergate era. The data are from national surveys conducted by the National Assessment of Educational Progress in 1969 and 1975. By 1975, American youth of both age groups watched
PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998 TABLE OF CONTENTS Notes from the National Cancer Institute PLCO: State of the Union ReportGreetings and Happy New Year from NCI! Because You Asked Why Did PLCO Mail Mouthwash to Me? Around Town Highlights
Since the classic Columbia University studies conducted in the 1940s, the role of the mass media in modern U.S. politics has been the subject of debate among political scientists. This paper contributes to that debate by examining news media coverage of American national political institutions: the presidency, Congress, and the Supreme Court. A…
|Although there are many news search engines on the Web, finding the news items one wants can be challenging. Choosing appropriate search terms is one of the biggest challenges. Unless one has seen the article that one is seeking, it is often difficult to select words that were used in the headline or text of the article. The limited archives of…
Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.
In researching innovative energy sources, we are faced with a good news\\/bad news situation. On the good news side, new arenas of research activity are being opened up and pursued vigorously. These range from relatively mainstream approaches to develop solar energy, to highly innovative approaches to extract energy from vacuum fluctuations. On the bad news side, despite varying degrees of
The University of Exeter (UK) Physics Department has given new meaning to the term "value added" in its mirroring of the American Institute of Physics' weekly publication, Physics News Update. The AIP Public Information Division makes available Physics News, which provides concise coverage of new developments in physics, graphics "depicting important physics research topics and concepts," and a subset of more in-depth stories about breaking news in physics. This Exeter site provides all of the content of the AIP's Physics News Update, and enhances it by: 1) providing an archive back to September of 1990; 2) making this archive searchable; and 3) providing the reports in HTML format, with each article subject cross-referenced to any of over 25 topics from atomic physics to superconductors, allowing the user easy access to other Physics News articles on the same topics.
This paper looks into the challenges that further economic integration in the European Union (EU) poses upon the member states. The continuing adjustment and integration of the individual economies of the EU does not focus as much on ironing out structural differences as on issues of economic policy fine-tuning. The argument suggests that by harmonizing their economic goals with those
The curriculum is a governance technology of knowledge production and is also itself governed by complex dynamics within European education policy space. This article focuses on how the curriculum is governed by comparative knowledge; in particular, it identifies how this facet of governance has manifested itself within the policy space of…
The active involvement of European citizens became a new form of democracy in the Treaty of Lisbon of 2009 by the introduction of a whole new chapter dedicated to this purpose. There is an article that obligates the Commission to give serious consideration to the demands of one million citizens from a significant number of Member States. The treaty also
Mail questionnaires were distributed to corporate donors in France, Germany and the UK in an attempt to ascertain the extents to which European businesses applied commercial principles to the management of their philanthropic activities. Substantial commercial orientation towards the corporate philanthropy (CP) function was observed among firms in all three countries, especially France. Majorities of businesses in the three samples
The link between formal education and national identities is widely acknowledged. Empirical research on national and supranational identities of teachers, however, is still relatively rare. Whilst a number of studies consider the special population of teachers, these contributions do not consistently focus on national and supranational identities.…
|Reviews implications for education and training of the movement toward integration among European Community nations and the end of Communist governments. Discusses common concerns for new Europe, including data sharing, teacher training, educational quality, disadvantaged learners, demographic and employment trends, European Studies curricula,…
According to a recent survey made by Nielsen NetRatings, searching on news articles is one of the most important activity online. Indeed, Google, Yahoo, MSN and many others have proposed commercial search engines for indexing news feeds. Despite this commercial interest, no academic research has focused on ranking a stream of news articles and a set of news sources. In
Gianna M. Del Corso; Antonio Gullí; Francesco Romani
|Reports on the frequency and manner in which various crime and noncrime news topics were presented in selected newspapers and television newscasts in 1976. Examines news flow data to determine whether news output was inflexible, and whether crime news coverage distorted the amount of real-life crime. (PD)|
Due to the fast delivery of news articles by news providers on the Internet and\\/or via news datafeeds, it becomes an important research issue of predicting the risk of stocks by utilizing such textual information available in addition to the time series information. In the literature, the issue of predicting stock price up\\/down trend based on news articles has been
Qi Pan; Hong Cheng; Di Wu; Jeffrey Xu Yu; Yu Yiping Ke
The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or refers to Antarctica in some way - whether it is focused on the science done there, or on the people who play such a large part in the work accomplished, or on the issues related to it. No attempt has been made to correlate the number of articles, or their length, with the importance of the subjects treated. Clippings are provided to the Foundation by a service that searches for items containing the phrase 'National Science Foundation'. Identical versions of many stories, especially those written and distributed by wire services such as the Associated Press and United Press International, and by syndicated columnists, are published in numerous papers across the United States. Other articles are submitted from a variety of sources, including interested readers across the United States and in New Zealand.
A new religion-based cleavage has emerged in Europe in the post-9\\/11 era in the form of tensions between Christian majorities and Muslim minorities. The contested nature of Islam and democracy in Europe in public and political circles relates inextricably to the European Union (EU) membership of Turkey, which is predominantly Muslim but a secular country founded on democratic values and
Physicians often struggle with how to manage the task of breaking bad news with patients. Moreover, the arduous nature of the task can contribute to physician detachment from the patient or an avoidance of breaking the news in a timely manner. A plan of action can only improve physician confidence in breaking bad news, and also make the task more manageable. Over a decade ago, Rabow and McPhee offered a strategy; the ABCDE plan, which provided a patient centered framework from which to deliver troubling news to patients and families. At the heart of this plan was the creation of a safe environment, the demonstration of timely communication skills, and the display of empathy on the physician's part. Careful consideration of the doctor's own reactions to death and dying also played an important role. A close review of the five tenets of this plan indicates the relevance of Rabow and McPhee's strategy today. The patient base in our nation and state continues to be older, on average, and physicians are faced with numerous patients who have terminal illness. A constructive plan with specific ideas for breaking bad news can help physicians effectively navigate this difficult task. PMID:22655433
Internet News Radio (iNR) is an audio news program which uses RealAudio software allowing Internet users to play audio files "on-demand" over the Internet, including through a standard modem connection. Most stories are broadcast in both French and English. Each week major stories relevant to the Internet are covered, as well as related technology news. iNR also offers audio articles containing movie reviews, software reviews, and feature stories. Pointers to Web sites relevant to stories are provided. Note that RealAudio now supports 28.8 modem connections in its 2.0 beta version.
College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.
This website presents Medical News Today, an organization based in the United Kingdom, aimed at providing "the latest news headlines from the world of medicine and healthcare today and every day." The site offers 19 pages of recent news headline lists, with each headline hyperlinked to its article (or part of its article). Most article pages contain an original URL or some other contact or source information. In addition, the article pages allow site visitors to write an opinion piece about the article, as well as view other visitors' opinions. This website also provides search engines for medical abbreviations and terms, and links to information about healthcare, conditions, and patient resources.
‘Europeanization’, or the adaptation of national political actors to European integration, has increased the professionalization of European Green parties. Previous studies of this phenomenon’s effects on the Greens have not fully accounted for the processes behind this form of party development. Using a qualitative adaptation of Harmel and Janda’s (1994) model of party change as a foundation, this article develops
Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell III.
Text VersionPage 1. News for Educators Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Food Safety Nutrition Cosmetics July 2013 The Heat Is On! ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents
Published by the Center for Health Communication of the Harvard School of Public Health, this online weekly news digest covers stories on public health issues from around the world. Aimed at an international audience of policy makers, journalists, public health researchers, practitioners, and advocates, World Health News blends original reporting with links to stories and editorials from publications worldwide. Currently, the site features a spotlight story on women's rights, health, and equality, as well as synopses and links to stories on the death penalty, AIDS, mental health care for children, environmental hazards, teens and tobacco, and gene therapy, among others. Future plans for the site include video and audio offerings, such as expert interviews and coverage of breaking public health news from "leading news organizations."
Bruce Mulliken has been covering news and commentary on the world of clean, efficient, and renewable energy since 1996. His Green Energy News site is geared towards a broad audience that includes the general public, industry professionals, and government officials. First-time visitors will want to look at the "News Stories" on the front page which in recent editions have included pieces on the growing hydrogen economy, the potential of parking lots as a form of solar power, and the possibility of a zero emission electric vehicle with two wheels. Those looking for previous news features can browse the "Archives and Resources" area, which dates back to April 1996. Those looking for "green" events should browse over to the "Events Calendar" section, which provides links to upcoming events such as renewable energy conferences and clean vehicle expos.
Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)
This Science News article, from Cornell University, provides information about extraordinarily small vibrating devices, including a nanoguitar that is "carved out of crystalline silicon and no larger than a single cell." An optical method for detecting these vibrations is described.
The American news media industry is characterized by two competing dynamics -- traditional journalistic values and market demands for profit. Most within the industry consider themselves to be journalists first. In that capacity, they fulfill two key role...
American news media has two fundamental roles in our democracy: that of eyewitness, giving citizens critical information, and also as the watchdog, providing another arm of 'checks and balances' within our governmental system. A central feature of the new...
C. Bartlett C. Bracuto D. Buonassisi F. Caruso D. Gurney
The Environmental News Network (ENN) has as its primary goal to educate the world about environmental issues facing our Earth. People can freely read articles that change daily on the latest news that affects our planet, read stories from major environmental organizations, search past stories, learn about upcoming events on the provided calendar, listen online to EarthNews Radio, and more. An example of a current in-depth article describes how fossil fuels today are depleted 100,000 times faster than they form and how, by 2010, world energy consumption is expected to increase almost 50 percent. Although the site may be slightly biased, it does provide easy access to a wealth of environmental news and information; those interested can even subscribe for email delivery of the latest ENN articles.
The legal system of the European Union (EU) offers domestic actors apowerful tool to influence national policy. European law can be drawn onby private litigants in national courts to challenge national policies.These challenges can be sent by national judges to the European Court ofJustice (ECJ), which instructs national courts to apply European lawinstead of national law, or to interpret national
The Environment News Service is a daily international wire service covering issues and events that affect the environment. Topics include legislation, politics, conferences, lawsuits, international agreements, demonstrations, science and technology, public health, air quality, and many others. Site materials include text-based news articles and press releases, videos, information on professional media services, and subscription instructions. There is also a keyword search function that lets users locate material in older articles.
We review and model the impact of the internet on the production and uptake of high-quality news. Our review of trends in the market for news suggests three stylized facts: i) particular quality news markets are dominated by merely a few providers, ii) demand for quality news appears stable, but provision of news has become specialized; mainstream news is decoupled
This study investigated the effects of strategic television news coverage of a routine political issue in a nonelectoral context on political cynicism, issue evaluation, and policy support. An experimentally manipulated television news story about the en- largement of the European Union was produced in a strategy version and an is- sue-framed version, which were embedded in an experimental bulletin of
This study explores the relationship between news stories on child abuse and neglect and reports of child abuse and neglect made to a mandated agency. Academic literature on crime news is reviewed to provide a context for interpretation. News stories from metropolitan daily newspapers were compared with child maltreatment reports made to mandated agencies on a local and national basis were surveyed over 25 years. The results suggested that both child maltreatment reports and news coverage increased over the period surveyed. However, rather than media stories increasing prior to increases in mandated reports and therefore contributing to the rise in reported cases, they appeared to increase at the same time. It is suggested that the initial cause of both increases may be national policy changes. More recent increases in child abuse reports may be due to economic downturns and other widespread societal changes rather than media attention. PMID:8730763
Despite the purported surge in internal migration following the 2004 enlargement of the European Union, data from the 2006 European Union Survey of Income and Living Conditions show that internal migrants are a relatively small share of the European Union's population. Depending on the exact definition used, only about 1 to 2 percent of the population of European Union-13 countries
Luca Barbone; Misha Bontch-Osmolovsky; Salman Zaidi
Propofol, which is the most commonly used drug for induction of general anaesthesia, has also become a popular drug for procedural sedation. Because its use may be associated with serious and potentially fatal side-effects, the manufacturers of propofol restrict its use solely to personnel trained in general anaesthesia. In spite of this warning, the use of propofol for procedural sedation by non-anaesthesiologists is rapidly expanding in many countries. Recently, the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) denied a petition from gastroenterologists seeking the removal of this particular restriction. This unequivocal ruling of the FDA received strong support from the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). At about the same time, the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA), together with various European gastroenterology societies, published new guidelines entitled 'Non-anaesthesiologist Administration of Propofol for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy' (NAAP). Following publication of the NAAP guidelines, many reservations have been expressed by ESA member societies and individuals, dealing with professional, political, procedural and safety-oriented concerns. Out of concern for patient safety, and in order to officially and publicly dissociate themselves from the NAAP guidelines, 21 national societies of anaesthesiology in Europe, all of whom are ESA members, have signed a Consensus Statement confirming that due to its significant well known risks, propofol should be administered only by those trained in the administration of general anaesthesia. PMID:21705907
Objective To characterise the relative amount and type of daily newspaper, local and national TV newscast, and nationalnews magazine coverage of tobacco control issues in the United States in 2002 and 2003. Design Content analysis of daily newspapers, news magazines, and TV newscasts. Subjects Items about tobacco in daily newspapers, local and national TV newscasts, and three nationalnews magazines in a nationally representative sample of 56 days of news stratified by day of week and season of the year, from 2002 and 2003. Main outcome measures Story theme, tobacco topics, sources, story prominence, story valence (orientation), and story type. Results Tobacco coverage was modest over the two?year period as estimated in our sample. Only 21 TV stories, 17 news magazine stories, and 335 daily newspaper stories were found during the two?year sampling period. Noteworthy results for the newspaper data set include the following: (1) government topics predominated coverage; (2) government action and negative health effects topics tended not to occur together in stories; (3) tobacco stories were fairly prominently placed in newspapers; (4) opinion news items tended to favour tobacco control policies, while news and feature stories were evenly split between positive and negative stories; and (5) tobacco coverage in the southeast, which is the country's major tobacco producing region, did not differ from the rest of the country. Conclusion Results suggest mixed support in news coverage for tobacco control efforts in the United States. The modest amount of news coverage of tobacco is troubling, particularly because so few news stories were found on TV, which is a more important news source for Americans than newspapers. When tobacco was covered, government themed stories, which often did not include mentions of negative health effects, were typical, suggesting that media coverage does not reinforce the reason for tobacco control efforts. However, some results were encouraging. For example, when newspapers did cover tobacco, they accorded the stories relatively high prominence, thus increasing the chance that readers would see tobacco stories when they were published.
Long, Marilee; Slater, Michael D; Lysengen, Lindsay
Pursuant to recommendations of the United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE III) and deliberations of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS), annual UN/European Space Agency workshops on basic space science have been held around the world since 1991. These workshops contributed to the development of astrophysics and space science, particularly in developing nations. Following a process of prioritization, the workshops identified the following elements as particularly important for international cooperation in the field: (i) operation of astronomical telescope facilities implementing TRIPOD, (ii) virtual observatories, (iii) astrophysical data systems, (iv) concurrent design capabilities for the development of international space missions, and (v) theoretical astrophysics such as applications of nonextensive statistical mechanics. Beginning in 2005, the workshops focus on preparations for the International Heliophysical Year 2007 (IHY2007). The workshops continue to facilitate the establishment of astronomical telescope facilities as pursued by Japan and the development of low-cost, ground-based, world-wide instrument arrays as lead by the IHY secretariat.
INTRODUCTION: Neuropathic pain is a common symptom, present in 39% of the patients with cancer pain. Treating this type of pain is challenging, as this patient group is often frail and has comorbidities which increase the risk of side events and hence influences their quality of life. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) can be helpful for clinicians, especially when scientific evidence is uncertain or weak. In this study, we focused on the quality of the review of the literature used in treatment recommendations in the selected European CPGs. METHODS: In a previous study, 9 CPGs from European countries that contained at least one paragraph on treatment for neuropathic pain in cancer were included. Recommendations with their grade (according SIGN 55 classification) and supporting literature (first author, patients' population, year and type of publication) were compared between CPGs. RESULTS: In all CPGs, amitriptylin was mentioned as the drug of first choice. Six guidelines proposed also gabapentinoids. Only 30 of the 163 citations (18%) were based on studies in patients with cancer. Seven CPGs did not argue the indirect evidence due to extrapolation of study results from non-cancer to patients with cancer. CONCLUSION: The majority of guideline development groups extrapolated their results from non-cancer publications to formulate recommendations. Consequently, these guidelines fail to address important issues such as altered kinetics and side effect profiles in these patients. We recommend creating specific recommendations by an international expert group for the treatment for neuropathic pain in patients with cancer supported by targeted research in patients with cancer. PMID:23360414
|This article presents several news stories from the European Prison Education Association (EPEA). These include: (1) The 7th International Conference for Directors of Prison Education held in Malmo, Sweden from September 11-14, 2008; (2) The visit of EPEA representatives to the Modern University of the Humanities (MUH) in Russia to examine how…
This study focuses on the effects of news and advertising expenditures on corporate reputation. Both advertisement expenditures and the tone (or tenor) of business news exert a positive influence on corporate reputation. In addition, advertising expenditures were found to magnify the effects of the tone of the news. In particular, moderately educated customers are susceptible to the tone of the
Presently no reliable synoptic picture of number, extent, distribution and emissions from mining waste sites exists, neither for EU member states, nor for the Accession and Candidate Countries. At EU level, this information is needed to assess the large range of environmental impacts caused by mining wastes and their emissions in a coherent way across the different policies addressing the protection and sustainable use of environmental resources. The core task lies in the harmonised collection and standardised compilation and evaluation of existing data and in connecting them to a geographical reference system compatible with other European data sets. In the proposed approach information from national registers of mining wastes is linked to related standardized spatial data layers such as CORINE Land Cover (the classes of mineral extraction sites, dump sites) or other data sets available in the EUROSTAT GISCO data base, thus adding the spatial dimension at regional scale. Higher level of spatial detail and distinction between mineral extraction site and waste sites with or without accumulation of potentially hazardous material is added by remote sensing, applying a semi-automated principal component analysis (PCA) to selected spectral channels of geo-referenced Landsat-TM full scenes. The method was demonstrated on large areas covering approximately 120000 km2 of Slovakia and Romania and was validated against mining-related features from Pan-European and/or national databases, detailed geological maps, mineral resource maps, as well as by a GIS analysis showing the distribution of anomalous pixels in the above-mentioned features compared to the main land cover classes.
Historically, any form of news-making is an institutional method of making information available to an audience or customers; it is located and gathered by professionals within organizations. Essentially, news in some form reflect society, indeed, it is a \\
This week c|net: the Computer Network launched News.Com, an online service entirely devoted to technology news. It promises to be a useful site for a wide range of computer and Internet users who can visit once (or more) a day for updates on who's doing what in the world of the Internet, computing, Intranets, and business. Each section offers a dozen or more varied stories produced by c|net or accessed through links to other Internet publishers. Also offered in each section are short takes that provide a single paragraph summary of a piece of technology news. On the page with each current news story are links to related stories from the c|net archives that are useful for background information (the stories from the archives may be several months old, however, so be sure to check the dates to know if you are reading news or background). Opinion pieces can be found under Perspectives, and Newsmakers offers multimedia interviews with movers and shakers.
The main objectives of the Workshop were to promote basic space science in Western Asia countries; to enhance national capabilities to develop programs and to undertake research activities in basic space science, to enhance scientific cooperation among developing countries and between developing and industrialized countries.
The American public holds mixed views about the desirability of government action to combat childhood obesity. The framing of coverage by news media may affect citizens' views about the causes of childhood obesity and the most appropriate strategies for addressing the problem. We analyzed the content of a 20% random sample of news stories on childhood obesity published in 18 national and regional news sources in the United States over a 10-year period (2000-2009). News media coverage patterns indicated that by 2003, childhood obesity was firmly on the news media's agenda and remained so until 2007, after which coverage decreased. We identified changes in news media framing over time and significant differences according to news source. News coverage of causes of childhood obesity that were linked to the food and beverage industry increased in the early years of the study but then decreased markedly in later years. Similarly, mention of solutions to the problem of childhood obesity that involved restrictions on the food and beverage industry followed a reverse U-shaped pattern over the 10-year study period. News stories consistently mentioned individual behavioral changes most often as a solution to the problem of childhood obesity. Television news was more likely than other news sources to focus on behavior change as a solution, whereas newspapers were more likely to identify system-level solutions such as changes that would affect neighborhoods, schools, and the food and beverage industry. PMID:21690111
Barry, Colleen L; Jarlenski, Marian; Grob, Rachel; Schlesinger, Mark; Gollust, Sarah E
|Discusses the difficulty of breaking bad news to parents, whether the news pertains to center policy or a child's behavior. Provides strategies for presenting news and for helping parents to overcome difficult situations, including gathering facts in advance, arranging an appropriate time, and having resource materials available for parents.…
|Subjective comments from veteran news reporters, media critics, and the public give the impression that bad or negative news is becoming a major problem in this country. This impression raises major questions concerning how much is really known about bad news, including whether the media present an accurate or distorted picture of reality in…
|This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…
Presented is a review of important science news stories reported in Science News during 1976. Most items include a volume and page number reference to the issue of Science News in which the article appeared. Items are grouped under general major headings such as: space, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, etc. (SL)
Objective To describe changes in reported influenza activity associated with the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in European countries and determine whether there is a correlation between these changes and completeness of national strategic pandemic preparedness. Design A retrospective correlational study. Setting Countries were included if their national strategic plans had previously been analysed and if weekly influenza-like illness (ILI) data from sentinel networks between week 21, 2006 and week 20, 2010 were more than 50% complete. Outcome measures For each country we calculated three outcomes: the percentage change in ILI peak height during the pandemic relative to the prepandemic mean; the timing of the ILI peak and the percentage change in total cases relative to the prepandemic mean. Correlations between these outcomes and completeness of a country's national strategic pandemic preparedness plan were assessed using the Pearson product–moment correlation coefficient. Results Nineteen countries were included. The ILI peak occurred earlier than the mean seasonal peak in 17 countries. In 14 countries the pandemic peak was higher than the seasonal peak, though the difference was large only in Norway, the UK and Greece. Nine countries experienced more total ILI cases during the pandemic compared with the mean for prepandemic years. Five countries experienced two distinct pandemic peaks. There was no clear pattern of correlation between overall completeness of national strategic plans and pandemic influenza outcome measures and no evidence of association between these outcomes and components of pandemic plans that might plausibly affect influenza outcomes (public health interventions, vaccination, antiviral use, public communication). Amongst the 17 countries with a clear pandemic peak, only the correlation between planning for essential services and change in total ILI cases significantly differed from zero: correlation coefficient (95% CI) 0.50 (0.02, 0.79). Conclusions The diversity of pandemic influenza outcomes across Europe is not explained by the marked variation in the completeness of pandemic plans.
While there is a great deal of information about genes and genomes available in the mainstream media, it may be difficult for many to obtain more objective and scientifically-informed material about these complex subjects. To that end, the Genome News Network provides this bi-weekly publication that features stories about human medicine, microbes, biotechnology, and agriculture. Visitors who may be less familiar about genes and genomes will want to start with the "Quick Guide to Sequenced Genomes," or the basic overview provided in the "What's a Genome" area. The site also features news updates on topics ranging from the African-American Biobank, the first cloned mule, and how geneticists recognize cancer cells. Additionally, visitors can browse through the archives of the News Network (back to the year 2000), and elect to receive the bi-weekly report via email.
|The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, a national catastrophe and the major news story of the year, was the first national labor strike in U.S. history. Because of the ideological bias of the press, specifically its implicit commitment to capitalism and to objectivity (itself a "myth" of social order), newspapers of the period could be expected to…
The electronic media influence public opinion by defining which national and international issues become significant, and shape public debates by the television images conveyed to the American audience. Based upon the Vanderbilt Television News Archive, this study examines the image projected in reporting of terrorist activities by the three major national networks, the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), the Columbia Broadcasting
This is the home page of the monthly publication US Water News. Most online content is news coverage of water supply and quality, legislation, water rights, conservation, and the global waterfront. The collection of links is quite impressive, with state, federal, international, nonprofit, and many other resources listed. Assorted buyer's guides for a wide variety of water products are given with links to online catalogs. For people that want to stay current on new developments and technologies, there is also information about upcoming water related conferences from around the world.
The well known InterPsych Newsletter has changed its name to PsychNews International and is available via email subscription and the Web. It is published ten times per year. Each issue can contain a combination of research findings, job and conference listings, and listings of Internet resources. PsychNews International concentrates on issues of psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences. The Internet resources sections are a good place for anyone interested in the field to keep abreast of useful resources.
European eels (Anguilla anguilla), crucian carps (Carassius carassius) and catfish (Ictalurus nebulosus) were collected in three coastal locations of the Vaccarès lagoon (French National Nature Reserve of Camargue). The purpose of this paper is to report results of the first biomonitoring investigation in fish living in this protected coastal wetland. Residues of organochlorine (OC) contaminants (i.e. ?PCBs, ?HCH, HCB, dieldrin,
Hélène Roche; Astrid Buet; Odile Jonot; François Ramade
In this paper, we present a schema for content-based analysis of broadcast news video. First, we separate commercials from news using audiovisual features. Then, we automatically organize news programs into a content hierarchy at various levels of abstraction via effective integration of video, audio, and text data available from the news programs. Based on these news video structure and content analysis technologies, a TV news video Library is generated, from which users can retrieve definite news story according to their demands.
Twelve National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) for rabies have undertaken a comparative assay to assess the comparison of fluorescent antibody test (FAT) results using five coded commercial anti-rabies conjugates (Biorad, Bioveta, Fujirebio, Millipore, and SIFIN conjugates). Homogenized positive brain tissues infected with various lyssavirus species as well as negative samples were analyzed blindly using a standardized FAT procedure. Conjugates B, C, D, and E were found to be significantly more effective than conjugate A for GS7 (French RABV) diluted samples (1/8 and 1/100) while the frequency of concordant results of conjugates C and D differ significantly from conjugates A, B and E for CVS 27. For detection of EBLV-1 strains, conjugates C and D also presented a significantly lower frequency of discordant results compared to conjugates A, B and E. Conjugates B, C and D were found to be significantly more effective than conjugates E and A for EBLV-2 and ABLV samples. In view of these results, conjugates C and D set themselves apart from the others and appeared as the most effective of this 5-panel conjugates. This study clearly demonstrates that the variability of conjugates used by National Reference Laboratories can potentially lead to discordant results and influence assay sensitivity. In case of false negative results this could have a dramatic impact if the animal under investigation is responsible for human exposure. To avoid such situations, confirmatory tests should be implemented. PMID:23578701
Robardet, E; Andrieu, S; Rasmussen, T Bruun; Dobrostana, M; Horton, D L; Hostnik, P; Jaceviciene, I; Juhasz, T; Müller, T; Mutinelli, F; Servat, A; Smreczak, M; Vanek, E; Vázquez-Morón, S; Cliquet, F
Describes how one teacher uses news articles to teach connections between the present-day real world and the books that her students read. Notes that her intent is to help readers transfer concepts from one domain (their reading) to another (real life). Offers the example of how this was done with the book "The Giver" by Lois Lowry. (SR)
|This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…
This site from NASA offers the latest news on the space shuttle program. It features a variety of articles on the program. Links to other sites on the shuttle program provide provide resources such as posters, educational materials and interactive resources. Users can use the site to learn more about the most recent space shuttle missions or any of the past missions.
We present a brief summary of recent news from LBL related to accelerator physics. This talk was given on October 29, 1993 at the 6th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on the subject ``Synchro- Betraton Resonances,`` held in Funchal (Madeira, Portugal), October 24--30, 1993.
|Smart Start is a comprehensive public-private initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and ready to succeed, and provides children from birth to age five access to high-quality and affordable child care, health care, and other critical services. This document comprises the first two issues of "Smart Start News," a…
... Put keywords from the news report into a search engine and see what comes up. The results will give you lots of different perspectives — particularly if the issue is big ... the sites that show up in search results may not have the most accurate and ...
This news article provides information about the newest version of the ânanoguitarâ created at Cornell University. The article describes the manufacture of sub-micron oscillators, in this case in the shape of a guitar and how the guitar string vibrations are investigated. The article includes a micrograph of this tiny musical instrument.
This online publication offers timely, interesting news stories and features, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, and web resources. The content areas include atoms and forces, earth and sky, humans and health, life, and tech and math and it is appropriate for children 9-14, their parents, and their teachers.
A growing scandal over phone-hacking, alleged bribery of senior police officers and the use of convicted private investigators to obtain private information illegally enveloped Rupert Murdoch's global media empire, News Corporation. Murdoch and his son James were questioned by MPs as pressure grew in Britain, and abroad, to curb the tycoon's dominant role. Malta voted to legalise divorce. A corruption
|Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…
St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan
A collection of 13 news reports ranging in length from 1:30 to 2:16, about a wide range of on-going research dealing with the following environmental issues: remote sensing-water resources, a better soybean ink, kenaf: new paper crop, pesta: to control we...
The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or r...
|This fall 2002 newsletter from the Community College League of California contains several articles, news stories, and the brochure from the 2002 Annual Convention, "Celebrating the Way California LEARNS." Articles include: (1) "Nursing Shortage Poses Dilemma for Colleges: Access vs. Efficiency," a discussion of the debate over how to increase…
Utter the news media to anyone and chances are you will be offered an instant judgment of the institution: Fair and balanced defenders of democracy biased liberals watch dogs attack dogs, and let's not forget former U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew's de...
W. Beard J. Benfer J. Bohr R. Castellvi J. Chambers
News from the Frontline Leslie G. Ford, M.D. Associate Director for Clinical Research Division of Cancer Prevention NCI/NIH/DHHS March 18, 2003 Dr. Elias Zerhouni NIH Director NIH Roadmap: Themes New Pathways to Discovery Re-engineering Clinical Research
PLCO News, Winter 2001 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of November 30, 2000): 152,139 Men enrolled: 75,565 Women enrolled: 76,574 Number of people enrolled at age: 55-59 49,944 60-64 47,058
PLCO News, Winter 2001 Cancer Information Service If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a nationwide toll-free telephone hotline Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.
This study examines press metacoverage (i.e., news about news) on traditional broadcast network evening news programs, political talk programs on cable television, and political comedy programs. A content analysis found that 2008 presidential primary campaign stories on The O'Reilly Factor, Countdown, and The Daily Show were more likely to cover the news media and to present the news media in
This site enables access to Local Area, Geographic Area, National, and other related Interagency Wildland Fire Training information. The home page also contains current training news and a comment section.
|A study examined the influence of nation states' self-interests on their media's coverage of a major news event, in this instance, the Soviet shooting down of a Korean airliner. It was hypothesized (1) that there would be discrepancies between different accounts of the KAL 007 incident, a complex news event with international political…
This study aims to test the public relations efforts of other countries as a predictor of their newsworthiness in the US news media, after controlling for national traits and social significance. Based on a content analysis of US newspaper and television news coverage (New York Times, Washington Post, ABC, NBC, CBS, and CNN) of 97 countries, this study found that
Drawing from critical-cultural scholarship, this quantitative content analysis systematically interrogates national network television news coverage of the same-sex marriage debate in 2003 and 2004. Analysis of sourcing patterns and sound bite length indicate the debate was dominated by conventionally “straight” perspectives. While gay and lesbian couples were visually prevalent in news stories, they were largely seen and not heard. Scrutinizing
A study examined the influence of nation states' self-interests on their media's coverage of a major news event, in this instance, the Soviet shooting down of a Korean airliner. It was hypothesized (1) that there would be discrepancies between different accounts of the KAL 007 incident, a complex news event with international political…
Since the dawn of broadcasting, and especially in the past decade, Americans have turned their attention from local to distant sources of news and entertainment. Television and national media generally are often thought to undermine civic engagement, transforming locally engaged citizens into viewers consuming programming from distant sources. Yet, some television, notably news programming, originates locally, raising the possibility that
Between 2002 and 2006, six newcomers took the anchor chairs at the evening news programs of ABC, CBS, and NBC. Collectively, they received extensive news coverage. This study uses content analysis to examine how three national newspapers framed the new anchors. A frame casting the anchors as competitors in a ratings game was especially common. At the same time, the
While most programs on television have an entertainment function, TV news is generally seen as meeting people's need for information. However more emotive gratifications are also associated with news- viewing. This study examines gratifications people derive from TV news in relation to their preferences for different types of news. It is found that people who watch TV news for information
News agencies are one of the main actors in the news business. These agencies produce daily big amounts of digital contents, which need to be managed and distributed to their customers. The NEWS (News Engine Web Services) project, already completed, had as goal to develop tools that, using state of the art technologies, may help news agencies to improve their
Norberto Fernández García; Damaris Fuentes; Luis Sánchez; Jesús Arias-Fisteus
Today, news browsing and searching is one of the most important Internet activity. This paper introduces a general framework to build a News search engine by describing Velthune, an academic News search engine available on line.
...2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services Â§ 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...
...2009-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services Â§ 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...
...2013-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services Â§ 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...
|Concludes that the increased "borrowing" of news from foreign news agencies may not be due to the declining number of United States foreign correspondents but to Third World restrictions on access to news. (FL)|
The Environmental News Link Web site is published by Capital Reports, which was founded in 1980 by former lobbyist Brian Sturtevant and is self described as a pioneer in specialized environmental policy reporting. Offering an alternative to mainstream sites, visitors can read timely articles on some of the most important environmental news stories of the day. A few of the recent entries include stories about new toxic air emission rules, potential changes to BLM grazing regulations, and how the EPA is providing tools to improve septic system management. Although the articles are very succinct and no links are offered for additional information, those seeking quick updates will appreciate the well laid out and easily read articles.
From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".
Each student must choose a current news article that relates to geomorphology. Each student will given an oral presentation about the article, including a synopsis of the story and a description of geomorphic processes that are involved. The other students are able to ask questions. The activity gives the students a chance to relate what they are learning about in class to current events and social issues. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component
The electronic newsletter BEN contains recent news about research and researchers in botany. Produced at least once a month by Dr. A. Ceska, the focus of BEN is primarily botany in British Columbia, Canada, and the adjacent Pacific Northwest (US). The BEN homepage offers users access to all issues of BEN back to 1995 (issue 115); articles vary in depth but often include links to substantial online information, such as publications, keys, or other useful resources.
The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.
With the newspapers' recent move to online reporting, traditional norms and practices of news reporting have changed to accommodate the new realities of online news writing. In particular, online news is much more fluid and prone to change in content than the traditional hard-copy newspapers--online newspaper articles often change over the course of the following days or even weeks as they respond to criticisms and new information becoming available. This poses a problem for social scientists who analyse newspaper coverage of science, health and risk topics, because it is no longer clear who has read and written what version, and what impact they potentially had on the national debates on these topics. In this note I want to briefly flag up this problem through two recent examples of U.K. national science stories and discuss the potential implications for PUS media research. PMID:22397084
Integration of the European economies has affected and will continue to affect almost every aspect of both domestic and international affairs of Balkan countries. Growth of intra-European trade, massive international financial flows, and the activities of multinational corporations are tying national economies more tightly to one another, thus making integration an important feature of the EU. Almost all economists and
This article discusses alternative perspectives on competition and industrial policies (IP) in theory and in practice and critically assesses recent European IP in this context. It develops a new framework for IP that emphasises the sustainability of value creation at the firm, meso and national levels, and explores its implications for IP in general and European IP in particular. It
The behavior of how individuals select and read news depends on the underlying media for reproduction. Today, the use of news websites is increasing. Online readers usually have to click on abstracts or headlines in order to see full articles. This kind of selection of information is less pleasant than in traditional newspapers where glancing over the whole layout of
This issue, a compilation of renewable electric activities in the states, is prepared for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). It includes news from California, Connecticut, Maryland, Minnesota, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Vermont, West Virginia.
This issue, a compilation of renewable electric activities in the states, is prepared for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). It includes news from Connecticut, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont.
|The paper examines the association between restrictions on teacher tobacco smoking at school and student exposure to teachers who smoke during school hours. The data are taken from a European Commission-funded study "Control of Adolescent Smoking" (the CAS study) in seven European countries. Multilevel modelling analyses were applied to…
Wold, Bente; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Currie, Candace; Roberts, Chris
Objective: To evaluate a media intervention designed to improve one newspaper's por- trayal of mental illnesses, specifically, schizophrenia. The project was part of an inter- national antistigma program, Open the Doors, organized by the World Psychiatric Association. Methods: The media intervention attempted to influence news content directly by provid- ing reporters with more accurate background information and helping them develop
This issue, a compilation of renewable electric activities in the states, is prepared for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). It includes news from Alabama, Arizona, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont.
This publication presents news and views related to the governance of ocean space, and includes two papers related to the Law of the Sea, main issues before the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. A list of sample activities related to marine pollution is presented, as well as activities related to Oceanography--Meteorology,…
The construction of texts that place hepatitis C-positive persons at social risk (Candlin, 1989, p. ix), informs this study of the ways in which public health policy makers and journalists in Australia communicate about hepatitis C. The institutions of public health and the news media form part of the cultural context within which persons construct their illness narratives. The privileged
A number of studies have suggested DNA sequence variability in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) between European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) populations, which could be clinically important, given the central role SLC6A4 has in serotonin transmission. However, these studies have had relatively small samples, used self-reported measures of race, and have only tested the promoter-linked polymorphism 5-HTTLPR. Here we genotype 5-HTTLPR and rs25531, a neighboring functional polymorphism, in 954 AA and 2622EA subjects from a National Institute of Mental Health repository sample. Genotyping was performed using fragment analysis by capillary electrophoresis. AA, as compared with EA, groups had lower frequencies of the S allele (0.25 vs 0.43) and SS genotype (0.06 vs 0.19) at 5-HTTLPR, and higher rates of the G allele at rs25531 (0.21 vs 0.075). A rare xL variant at 5-HTTLPR was also more common among AAs (0.017 vs 0.008). When the polymorphisms were redefined into a high- and low-transcription haplotypes, the AA group showed significantly fewer low-transcription variants (?2=4.8, P=0.03). No genotypes were associated with major depression, any anxiety disorder, or neuroticism in either EA or AA populations. This is the largest study to show SLC6A4 genotype differences between EA and AA populations, and the first to include rs25531. Lack of associations with clinical outcomes may reflect untested moderating environmental influences.
Odgerel, Z; Talati, A; Hamilton, S P; Levinson, D F; Weissman, M M
Bias in the market for news is well-documented. Recent research in economics explains the phenomenon by assuming that consumers want to read (watch) news that is consistent with their tastes or prior beliefs rather than the truth. The present paper builds on this idea but recognizes that (i) besides “biased” consumers, there are also “conscientious” consumers whose sole interest is
In this paper we investigate the relationship between news sources and media firms. Although empirically important, this channel for supply-driven media bias has not previously been analyzed in economics literature. We model the relationship as an informal contract based on trust and punishment, where a news source decides if and how much information to provide to a media firm. Strategic
Armando J. Garcia-Pires; Hans Jarle Kind; Lars Sørgard
Web news articles play an important role in stock market. Sentiment classification of news articles can help the investors make investment decisions more efficiently. In this paper, we implemented an approach of Chinese new words detection by using N-gram model and applied the result for Chinese word segmentation and sentiment classification. Appraisal theory was introduced into sentiment analysis and Naive
Yang Gao; Li Zhou; Yong Zhang; Chunxiao Xing; Yigang Sun; Xianzhong Zhu
|A majority of American schools are meeting the challenge of educating children. A New York State district gets out the good news by producing school newsletters and videos, by constant and close contact with the local news media, and by forming ties with local real estate agents. (MLF)|
Video content parsing is possible when one has an a priori model of a video's structure based on domain knowledge. This paper presents work on using domain knowledge to parse content of news video programs. Approaches to locating and identifying frame structure models based on temporal and spatial structure of news video data, along with algorithms to apply these models
Hongjiang Zhang; Yihong Gong; Stephen W. Smoliar; Shuang Yeo Tan
Abstract: Based on the uses and gratifications theory and the Delphi technique, this study did an in-depth investigation among,28 college and high school students on youths’ rationales behind their news consumption behavior. The study concludes that, in years to come, the news industry needs to realize a
Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)
Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)
Newspapers, in addition to news, also cover topics of permanent interest to their readers. One such topic is sexuality. The appearance of the incurable sexually transmitted disease AIDS obliges a reconsideration of the complex and contradictory concept of sexuality. Sexuality is not often spoken of openly; rather, it is secret, hidden, and referred to obliquely. Sexuality is the manifestation and satisfaction of the sexual impulses common to all individuals. Sexuality is determined by anatomic and physiologic aspects and also by the knowledge, experiences, values, and norms internalized by the individual living in a social group. Messages about sexual conduct are constantly being received. This social part of sexuality supported by customs and morals is the part that is directly influenced by communications media. An important objective of the media is to create awareness and mold opinions. Mexico's large national circulation newspapers present different points of view about sexuality. Newspapers that continually critique homosexual practices and those that demonstrate implicit approval of pornographic videos by advertising them both present attitudes without providing opportunities to reason, compare, or support opinions. Sexuality is usually referred to indirectly and superficially in the press. Sex education may be mentioned but not the erotic implications of sexuality, and acceptance or opposition to use of condoms may be discussed without mention of psychological barriers to their use. The national press is not prepared to propose new attitudes toward sexuality in the age of AIDS. Only 1 national newspaper in Mexico regularly provides information on AIDS including aspects related to sexual pleasure and responsibility and safer sex. The majority continue with their pre-AIDS coverage of sexuality, using it to arouse interest but providing little depth. Newspapers should provide more extensive coverage on sexuality and its modifications due to AIDS, a reality threatening every person to some extent. PMID:12285216
|Reviews the global political environment, major global news providers, and technologies of global news production. Argues for a multinational comparative mapping of international news representation in the 1990s. Outlines a major international venture to update and elaborate the 1979 UNESCO/IAMCR study of foreign news in the media of 29…
In the European integration process, the European Union continues to struggle for an identity that can generate widespread support amongst its peoples. In this context it has been suggested by some that the European Union should embrace the Christian values that underpin its national traditions and cultures. I shall argue that, instead of relying on a communitarian vision of a
We apply uni- and multivariate unobserved components models to the study of European growth cycles. The multivariate dimension enables to search similar or, more strongly, common components among national GDP series (quarterly data from 1960 to 1999). Three successive ways to exhibit the European cycle satisfactorily converge: the direct decomposition of the aggregate European GDP; the aggregation of the member
An activity that I successfully used twice in teaching Active Tectonics is one I call "The News Hour," patterned after the PBS New Hour. I generated the idea out of concern that active tectonics sets of class readings are so broad, diverse, and and voluminous that it can be intimidating both for students and faculty to think about how best to prepare for a given class. I concluded that one way to achieve context is to set up a brief dialogue that removes 'geospeak' and centers a focus on societal implications of active tectonic phenomena. ACTIVE TECTONICS, SOCIETY, EARTHQUAKES, MEDIA
The Internet Archive has created this very ambitious project to bring together over 371,000 news broadcasts of various origins since 2009. Students of communications, media, and related fields will find much to revel in here. Visitors can search all of the captions from each program on the homepage or look at the Recent Extracted Topics word cloud. Not surprisingly, some of the popular words here include "Technology," "Energy," "Defense," and "Environment." Visitors can fine-tune their search by looking for certain programs on select networks in order to get a better sense of different programming styles and nuances.
The Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University publishes an online quarterly journal called news@sei interactive. The columns and features of the latest installment can be viewed online or downloaded as an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file. Of particular interest in this issue is the continuation of The Future of Software Engineering, a series of articles that considers industry trends and changes in technology. Another column examines overall Internet security and the risks inherent in doing business online. An archive on the site provides access to all previous issues of the journal, dating back to 1998.
News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: email@example.com. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: firstname.lastname@example.org. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, via email at email@example.com, or at http://fellowships.nas.edu. 1998 Pre-Doctoral Fellows Rafael Alcala, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical Engineering Diego J. Díaz, Cornell University, Analytical Chemistry Kanya Lynn Henderson, Colorado State University, Biochemistry Félix Mario Rivas, State University of New York, Buffalo, Organic Chemistry 1998 Dissertation Fellows Kristala Lanett Jones, Arizona State University, Chemical Engineering 1998 Postdoctoral Fellows Edgardo Tabión Farinas, Yale University, Interdisciplinary Chemistry Data Base of Online Courses TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, has implemented an international online course database of more than 9,000 courses. The database includes public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries and includes only those courses that can be completed fully online. Courses vary from graduate-level engineering offerings to simple "How to" courses. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to accredited degrees, diplomas, and certificates. Professional development and personal interest courses are also included. Students can access course information by browsing subject areas or by searching specific fields. Hotlinks connect students directly to the delivering institutions. In the past year, there has been an exponential rise in the number of courses being offered online, from fewer than 2,000 in January 1998 to more than 10,000 in December 1998. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The TeleCampus Online Course Database provides students with a means of finding information on courses that meet their needs. The database can be accessed from TeleCampus at http://telecampus.edu. Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, an Online Course An online conference, Proposals for Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, will take place from March 29 to April 10, 1999. The
This content analysis shows the number of international news items in the New York Times has decreased over the last 22 years. Roughly one in five items contained second-hand or borrowed news (material first disseminated by and attributed to another news organization), though trend analysis indicates increasing news borrowing. Borrowed news was most common in items from Second World (Communist)
Daniel Riffe; Charles F. Aust; Rhonda J. Gibson; Elizabeth K. Viall; Huiuk Yi
Radio news differs from news provided by other media. According to Oosthuizen (1996), radio is an alerting medium. Leiter, Harriss and Johnson (2000) refer to this attribute as immediacy. The time available to news is very limited and this is why radio news stories are condensed into only a few sentences. Furthermore, news for broadcast is written in a conversational
Buoyed by its brand name, Google News has grown from its beta stage into a popular news site with a significant share of the Internet market for “Current Events and Global News.” The success of Google News raises questions about the nature of news and even the desirability of Google's presenting news. Where does Google News fit into the myriad
One of the most exciting and successful examples of the Web impacting society is online news. The history of the news industry from print to the online medium is an interesting journey. Broadcast news transformed society by making news available instantly rather than once a day. While more channels became available, barriers to entry remained high and mainstream opinions continued
A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…
This participant observation study takes a critical look at the idea of “news routines.” By looking at a politically oppositional news room, it is possible to sort through the elements of production to discover just which ones make this radio station's news “oppositional.” Some scholars say that news routines, like the need to show balance or to report events instead
We use quantitative news data generated by a large-scale natural language processing (NLP) news analysis system to perform a comprehensive study on how a company's re- ported news frequency, sentiment polarity and subjectivity anticipates or reflects its stock trading volumes and finan- cial returns. Our analysis provides concrete evidence that news data is highly informative, as previously suggested in the
The preservation of a diverse news market has been one of the longstanding motivations behind media ownership limitations. Without the checks and balances provided by competition, owner interests may unduly influence the news. The vibrant online news community, which includes thousands of news sites representing a wide range of political viewpoints, has recently been cited as one of the reasons
This article addresses the intersection of two underexplored themes in studies of cultural production in traditional and digital media: the role of technology in news work and the processes that shape media convergence. The authors analyze organizational innovation in digital media production at GMS, a European firm that operates print and broadcast outlets in several specialized news markets. Between 1994
Working Committee 4 of EURADOS (the European RAdiation Dosimetry Group) have organized an intercomparison of unfolding codes used for deriving neutron spectra from Bonner sphere data. In July 1987 data for the exercise were circulated to a number of poten...
This multi-methodological study examined the news framing of the 2004 European Union enlargement in terms of risk and opportunity and the effect both frames had on public support for the enlargement. A content analysis showed that EU enlargement was portrayed as a controversial issue, but with an overall balanced tone of coverage. Risk and opportunity framing played an equally prominent
From an examination of the religious and social background of Sawai Jai Singh's European assistants, the article draws the conclusion that the Europeans, because of their own theological beliefs and prejudices, may not have presented the Copernican revolution to him in its true perspective. And, for the telescopic sight, it is suggested that the news of its invention may not have reached him in time before the observatories were conceived.
The US Department of the Interior (DOI) is charged with overseeing the US Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park Service, and the US Geological Survey, among other agencies. Those interested in wildlife and habitat conservation and the role that government agencies play in such efforts will find useful news releases at this site. The DOI homepage provides news and information on DOI activities, with a wide variety of links to other (related) agencies. The DOI's monthly newsletter People, Land, and Water may be accessed directly from the site (.pdf or .zip). Of greatest interest is the series of select press releases (Interior News Releases) highlighting recent ongoings in the DOI. Also available is an archive of past releases.
OBJECTIVES: This study explores how local television news structures the public and policy debate on youth violence. METHODS: A content analysis was performed on 214 hours of local television news from California. Each of the 1791 stories concerning youth, violence, or both was coded and analyzed for whether it included a public health perspective. RESULTS: There were five key findings. First, violence dominated local television news coverage. Second, the specifics of particular crimes dominated coverage of violence. Third, over half of the stories on youth involved violence, while more than two thirds of the violence stories concerned youth. Fourth, episodic coverage of violence was more than five times more frequent than thematic coverage, which included links to broader social factors. Finally, only one story had an explicit public health frame. CONCLUSIONS: Local television news provides extremely limited coverage of contributing etiological factors in stories on violence. If our nation's most popular source of news continues to report on violence primarily through crime stories isolated from their social context, the chance for widespread support for public health solutions to violence will be diminished.
|A study of 4,692 news stories from Egyptian, Algerian, and Tunisian electronic and print news media was conducted to see how state-controlled media reflected government policy changes following the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and the subsequent diplomatic break between Egypt and Arab League nations. The study found that the three controlled…
...correspondents or staff members of civilian news media. 705.15 Section 705.15 National...correspondents or staff members of civilian news media. (a) A member of the naval service...can act as correspondents for civilian media. (b) Military personnel on...
This article utilizes two national representative surveys to examine the roles of political news use, political discussion, and authoritarian orientation in shaping political participation in two democratizing societies: Singapore and Taiwan. The regression findings show that in both societies, the effects of political news use and political discussion have to be conditioned on the type of political participation as well
This exploratory study describes social workers' perceptions of the depiction of the social work profession found in the news and entertainment media. A random sample of 665 MSW social workers who were members of the Florida Chapter of the National Association of Social Workers were surveyed regarding how they felt the profession was depicted in the news and entertainment media
Carole B. Zugazaga; Raymond B. Surette; Monica Mendez; Charles W. Otto
The national context in which the conservative government conducted its European policy in the period 1996–2000 witnessed changes as well as continuities. Among the changes, different public opinion strategies were adopted to present the government's European policy to Spanish society. Partly as a result of the demands of agricultural interests, a greater emphasis was placed on the defence of ‘national
Background Historical studies of news media have suggested an association between reporting and increased drug abuse. Period effects for substance use have been documented for different classes of legal and illicit substances, with the suspicion that media publicity may have played major roles in their emergence. Previous analyses have drawn primarily from qualitative evidence; the temporal relationship between media reporting volume and adverse health consequences has not been quantified nationally. We set out to explore whether we could find a quantitative relationship between media reports about prescription opioid abuse and overdose mortality associated with these drugs. We assessed whether increases in news media reports occurred before or after increases in overdose deaths. Methodology/Principal Findings Our ecological study compared a monthly time series of unintentional poisoning deaths involving short-acting prescription opioid substances, from 1999 to 2005 using multiple cause-of-death data published by the National Center for Health Statistics, to monthly counts of English-language news articles mentioning generic and branded names of prescription opioids obtained from Google News Archives from 1999 to 2005. We estimated the association between media volume and mortality rates by time-lagged regression analyses. There were 24,272 articles and 30,916 deaths involving prescription opioids during the seven-year study period. Nationally, the number of articles mentioning prescription opioids increased dramatically starting in early 2001, following prominent coverage about the nonmedical use of OxyContin. We found a significant association between news reports and deaths, with media reporting preceding fatal opioid poisonings by two to six months and explaining 88% (p<0.0001, df 78) of the variation in mortality. Conclusions/Significance While availability, structural, and individual predispositions are key factors influencing substance use, news reporting may enhance the popularity of psychoactive substances. Albeit ecological in nature, our finding suggests the need for further evaluation of the influence of news media on health. Reporting on prescription opioids conforms to historical patterns of news reporting on other psychoactive substances.
Dasgupta, Nabarun; Mandl, Kenneth D.; Brownstein, John S.
The applications of geographic information systems (GIS) grow with each passing day, and more people are interested in careers in this field. The SpatialNews site is a good way for students and professionals in the GIS field to stay on top of new developments via their feature articles, RSS feeds, and discussion boards. There is a great deal of information on the homepage, and first-time visitors should start by looking over the sections on "GIS Education", "Features", and "Business Bit & Bytes". Some of the more notable feature articles profile the history of GIS, the use of GIS in the military, and the use of GIS during hurricane evacuations. The site is rounded out by a listing of job opportunities and selected comments from the discussion boards.
Updated daily, this site offers links to online philosophy news and articles from a variety of sources, though most seem to be located in the US or Australia. Recent items included pieces on the ethics of Kosovo, philosophical counseling, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said, an audio symposium on "Genes, Genesis, and God," and several notices of professional interest. Additional features at the site include PhilosophEye, a special essay with related links offering "philosophical perspectives on matters of public interest," a philosophy calendar, a Question of the Week with posted responses, and related links. The PNS also hosts a mailing list, PNS-List, which shares research and professional announcements for philosophers and philosophy students.
The purpose of the Space Launch Initiative (SLI) is "to identify feasible options for future NASA space transportation and enable a decision regarding whether the agency should proceed into full-scale development of a new reusable launch vehicle system." This news page has information on current developments, fact sheets, and vehicle concepts. Several technology summaries describe the various areas of research for the SLI. For example, using neural networks in the vehicle's control and navigation would allow for automatic, intelligent adjustments and would take some of the burden off the crew. Safety is one of the primary concerns, which is demonstrated by the articles on crew escape systems and the Integrated Vehicle Health Management system.
|Brennan discusses the daily activities required in the production of a television news show. In "The Not-So-Glamorous Life of a TV Reporter," Linda Yu describes the time and effort required to become a television reporter. (LS)|
This is the first of a column in the Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. Entitled "Microbial Control News" this article summarizes regulatory actions in the U.S. and Canada regarding microbial insect pest control agents....
... Home Current Issue Past Issues Good News About Childhood Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents ... 85 percent for the most common form of childhood cancer (acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL). During the ...
|Describes an experiment that manipulated two variables, repetition and pausing for viewer "digestion" of information in a news telecast. Concludes that the use of repetition increased viewers' retention of information, but that pauses did not. (FL)|
\\u000a There are a number of efforts towards building applications that leverage temporal information in documents. The demonstration\\u000a of our NEAT (News Exploration Along Time) prototype system that we propose here, is an attempt towards building an intuitive\\u000a and exploratory interface for search results over large news archives using timelines. The demonstration uses the New York\\u000a Times Annotated Corpus as an
Omar Alonso; Klaus Berberich; Srikanta J. Bedathur; Gerhard Weikum
The Why Files explores the "science behind the news." Current features are "Radiation Reassessed," an exploration of the effects of low-dose radiation, and "Olympic Ambition," about the impact of science on the Games. Each set of articles contains links to related information, as well as a glossary and bibliography. The style of presentation is informal, even irreverent, and that adds to the interest of the site. Past issues are archived on the site, and are searchable. A user forum is provided, as well as an announcement and discussion mailing list. The Why Files are provided by the National Institute for Science Education (NISE), which is based at the University of Wisconsin-Madison with original funding by the National Science Foundation.
Associations between disability and depression have been shown to be consistent across cultures among middle-aged adults. In later life the association between disability and depression is much more substantial and may be amenable to influences by health care facilities as well as economic and sociocultural factors. Fourteen community-based studies on depression in later life in 11 western European countries contribute
Arjan W. Braam; Philippe Delespaul; Aartjan T. F. Beekman; Dorly J. H. Deeg; Karine Pérès; Michael Dewey; Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä; Brian A. Lawlor; Hallgrímur Magnússon; Ingeborg Meller; Martin J. Prince; Friedel M. Reischies; Marc Roelands; Pedro Saz; Robert A. Schoevers; Ingmar Skoog; Cesare Turrina; Ann Versporten; John R. M. Copeland
This article compares preferences for Europeanizing 13 policies among European elites, national elites, and public opinion. Elites are more willing to cede national authority in sovereignty areas, but citizens are more favorable to EU social policies. Are there contrasting logics at work? The answer is two-sided. Elites and public preferences are similar in that both are least enthusiastic about Europeanizing
This paper describes an empirical study regarding deconstruction by network television news viewers. We define news deconstruction as the identification and criticism of ideology in news by its viewers. Twelve viewers were given surveys about the news, shown videotapes of NBC news, and asked to fill out cognitive response forms during viewing. We explained our studies of news deconstruction and
Kenneth L. Hacker; Tara G. Coste; Daniel F. Kamm; Carl R. Bybee
\\u000a This cross-national comparative case study of online news production analyzes the strategies of Cable News Network (CNN) and\\u000a the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), aiming at understanding of the implications of organizational\\u000a strategy on the role\\u000a of journalists, explains why traditional media organizations have a tendency to develop a multi-platform approach (distributing content on several platforms, such as television, online, mobile)
This instrumental case study employed several methodologies to determine the following: between 1994 and 2004, 64.7% of Canadian national television news reports featured evangelicals from Canada, 32.7% featured evangelicals from the United States, and just 2.5% (or three news reports) featured evangelicals whose country of origin was outside North American. Combined, the reports left a small pool of nonevangelical coders
|This unit is designed to help students better understand the concept of nationalism and the powerful influence it has on group sentiments today. Nationalism can be a positive or negative force, providing avenues for either inclusion or exclusion of peoples. The unit focuses on the basic concepts of nationalism and identity by drawing upon…
This site provides links to Earth and space science news articles from a variety of outlets and journals. Sources featured on the site must be freely accessible to online readers and are ranked by the editors based on reliability, timeliness, extent of coverage, multidisciplinary coverage, follow-up, and presentation. The main page features links to the day's headlines, a listing of the editors' top five resources for Earth and space science, and access to a selection of tools and resources, including a literature search; online tools and references such as unit conversion tools, links to U.S. and European patent offices; and links to journals and databases, career information, and conferences.
This study investigates the processes by which competition in the television news market might promote the presence of arousing characteristics in television news. A total of 3,024 news stories from six Dutch television news programs over the period 1990 to 2004 were investigated through content analysis. The findings of the study show overall increases in all 6 arousing characteristics. The
Paul Hendriks Vettehen; Johannes Beentjes; Koos Nuijten; Allerd Peeters
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal perceptions of news organization bias among people who use the internet. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this study were drawn from the Pew Research Center June 2005 News Interest Index. Respondents were asked if news organizations were politically biased in their reporting. Another question asked respondents if news organizations had a
With the advent of the Internet, the news agencies have published news on their websites for the internet readers. This improvement enables Internet readers to access news easily and also to gain information and knowledge in real time manner. Since there are many online news agencies and online newspapers, readers generally have difficulty to decide which newspaper or agency provides
For more than a decade now, it has been demonstrated that female news sources receive little attention in television news. Usually women account for no more than 20—25 percent of total time devoted to people speaking in the news. This article assesses when exactly female news sources are depicted in the news, using a dataset of 25,896 news items and
The Daily News - Free Internet Sources. A catalog of those sites on the Internet that provide significant business and economic news on a daily basis, without charge. Includes publications organized by geographic regions around the world.
NSFC Delegation Visits Russia NSFC President Visits UNEP and ICRAF Professor Chen Yiyu, NSFC President Visits South Africa Evaluation results for applications to the National Natural Science Fund Programs in 2009 Released ---- 17,858 proposals approved, 72,964 declined Prof. Shen Meets Guests from the Netherlands The 12th Joint Committee Meeting of the Sino-German Center Held in Germany NSFC-CIHR Workshop on Health Sciences held in Beijing President Chen Yiyu Meets with Dr. Alain Beaudet NFSC-FRSQ Joint Workshop on Genomics Held in Beijing President Chen Meets with Dr. Fidel Castro Diaz-Balart NSFC Vice President Attends the 13th U.S.-China Joint Commission Meeting on Science and Technology Cooperation DFG Secretary General Visits NSFC NSFC Vice President Attended the 3rd ASIAHORCs Meeting NSFC Vive President Visits Cuba and Canada NSFC Vice President Attends Second China-Thailand Joint Workshop Top Ten Events in China's Basic Research in 2009 Unveiled NSFC-RGC Funded Research Won IEEE Marconi Prize Paper Award
FindLaw (discussed in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this legal news section to its arsenal of law resources. Daily news feeds from Reuters are available in fourteen categories at this time, ranging from telecommunications to US Justice Department to various types of litigation news. There is a searchable archive, and email updates are available. This is an effective, one-stop shopping site featuring descriptive stories about the legal news of the day.
The European Union (EU)’s Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires that all Member States participate in intercalibration\\u000a exercises in order to ensure that ecological status concepts and assessment levels are consistent across the EU. This paper\\u000a describes one such exercise, performed by the countries in the Central\\/Baltic Geographical Intercalibration Group stretching\\u000a from Ireland in the west to Estonia in the east
Martyn Kelly; Cathy Bennett; Michel Coste; Cristina Delgado; François Delmas; Luc Denys; Luc Ector; Claude Fauville; Martial Ferréol; Malgorzata Golub; Amelie Jarlman; Maria Kahlert; John Lucey; Bernadette Ní Chatháin; Isabel Pardo; Peter Pfister; Joanna Picinska-Faltynowicz; Juliette Rosebery; Christine Schranz; Jochen Schaumburg; Herman van Dam; Sirje Vilbaste
When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News…
|Discusses conceptual problems with the traditional approach to the study of news bias; reports on a study conducted with 73 college students, which yielded data supporting the thesis that what news consumers see as biased news is often material that is discrepant with what they already believe. (GT)|
|When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News…
This paper describes our overview on crime news retrieval system for Malaysian context. We discuss a framework of an Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System (i-JEN) from the perspective of technical possibilities. Our main objectives are to construct crime based event; investigate the use of crime based event in improving the classification and clustering; develop an interactive crime news retrieval
Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break bad news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amytrophic lateral sclerosis is
Digitization of production has facilitated changes in the organization and practices of journalism. Technological convergence, media convergence and organizational conver- gence have helped change the way in which news is made. A substantial amount of research has been done on news production in general, and television news in particular. However, little research has been done specifically on the production context
|Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…
In this paper we examine tire developed techniques and lessons learned in an operational multimedia exploitation system, Broadcast News Editor (BNE) and Broadcast News Navigator (BNN). BNE captures, analyzes, annotates, segments, summarizes, and stores broadcast news audio, video and textual data within tlte context of multimedia database system BNN provides web based retrieval tools from the multimedia
In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived
According to a survey of activists, popular musicians perform a journalistic role in political movements. By serving as an alternative headline service, these musicians continue and update an ancient musical news tradition. From the lyrical poets of ancient Greece to Mexican corridistas, music allowed storytellers to effectively compose, retain, and present news. Although print news replaced lyrical reporting as the
Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from
Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from
This study examined the relationship between online news media use, selectivity in media content, and political tolerance. Tolerance develops as result of exposure to a diversity of ideas and perspectives, which the media provide. Online news use encourages and requires users to selectively expose and navigate through information based on personal choice. Online news permits individuals to choose information based
|A three-year research project, including more than one year in a network affiliate station, provided the material for an analysis of current practices in television news programming. Based on the thesis that the organization of news encourages the oversimplification of events, this analysis traces the foundation of the bias called the "news…
Recommendation Systems have become an important research area in mobile computing. Although various recommendation systems have been developed to help users to deal with information overload, few systems focus on proactive information recommendation. This paper presents a news recommender system that proactively pushes just-in-time personalized news articles to mobile users based on user's contextual information as well as news content.
|Reports that middle-level Chinese government officials are given almost verbatim translations of selected news stories and commentary from around the world in a publication called "News for Reference," which is widely distributed in China by the Hsinhua news agency. (FL)|
|Describes up-to-date news sources that are presently available on the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include electronic newspapers; AP (Associated Press) sources and Reuters; sports news; stock market information; New York Times; multimedia capabilities, including CNN Interactive; and local and regional news. (LRW)|
|Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…
|What do TV news workers do each day? For many of them, contributing to daily news broadcasts has changed greatly over the years. This evolution will likely continue for years to come. And more changes to news production are expected, according to Tom Weir, an associate professor at the University of South Carolina's School of Journalism and Mass…
Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…
August 27, 2013 Frederick National Library - Visiting Scholar Opportunity in Small Animal Imaging Program Source: Program Document July 24, 2013 NCI-MICCAI 2013 Grand Challenges in Image Segmentation Source: Program Website March 19, 2013 Cancer Imaging
Text Version... Conference April 15 - 16, 2013 Washington, DC World Health Care Congress April 6 - 10, 2013 National Harbor, MD American Association ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents
In response to mass media's role in the national and global system of pharmaceutical risk communication, the Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) convened a 'think tank' session on the 'Importance of Media in Pharmaceutical Risk Communication'. Prominent journalists and experts from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, medical practice and government were invited to consider the benefits and challenges of improving the way we communicate the benefits and risks of therapeutics via mass media, especially news media. Workshop discussions revealed a paucity of systematic research directed towards understanding how and why news media report on therapeutic risk, the impact of this coverage and how coverage can be improved. Consequently, participants produced a research agenda capturing the key aspects of the flow of information around this topic, including the meaning of risk, how news audiences process and use therapeutic risk information in the news, how and why news organizations report on therapeutic risk, and the role and impact of the pharmaceutical industry, government officials and academic researchers as sources of therapeutic risk information. The workshop ended with a discussion on action items addressing what news professionals, representatives of regulatory agencies and the medical products industry, and academic researchers can and should do to enable news media to effectively report therapeutic risk information. In sum, this proceedings report provides an outline for developing mass media risk communication research, influencing the practices of journalists and expert sources and ultimately, improving the quality of the public's life. PMID:15386695
News reports on AIDS have appeared at a time of general public concern about health risks, and, like the coverage of risk, the reporting on AIDS has been controversial. Perceptions of this disease have been linked to economic and personal stakes, professional ideologies, administrative responsibilities, and moral beliefs. It is from this perspective that news coverage of AIDS must be understood. The norms and practices of journalism, the technical uncertainties of risk evaluation, and the pressures placed on the media by various interests have influenced the reporting on this disease. However, media reports also shape the social context of the epidemic, affecting public perceptions, personal behavior, and policy agendas. PMID:1791792
Text retrieval from broadcast news video is unsatisfactory, because a transcript word frequently does not directly 'describe' the shot when it was spoken. Extending the retrieved region to a window around the matching keyword provides better recall, but low precision. We im- prove on text retrieval using the following approach: First we segment the visual stream into coherent story-like units,
European policy goals are challenging for transmission networks, requiring investments in cross-border capacity. Despite those goals, an increased awareness of the need for investments and the voluntary cooperation among countries sharing the challenges, a regulatory gap between national and European interests persists. Further development of a European cross-border planning and financing framework is required. U.S. experiences may serve as food for thought. (author)
Most news recommender systems try to identify users' interests and news' attributes and use them to obtain recommendations. Here we propose an adaptive model which combines similarities in users' rating patterns with epidemic-like spreading of news on an evolving network. We study the model by computer agent-based simulations, measure its performance and discuss its robustness against bias and malicious behavior. Subject to the approval fraction of news recommended, the proposed model outperforms the widely adopted recommendation of news according to their absolute or relative popularity. This model provides a general social mechanism for recommender systems and may find its applications also in other types of recommendation.
The Environment section of the National Geographic website has so many photos, quizzes, blogs, games and news to learn from and enjoy, that visitors will probably have to make a number of return visits. For those with only a little time, visitors absolutely must check out the link "News Blog: Greatest Nature Photos" under the "Environment News" heading near the top of the page. There visitors will see several of the 40 greatest nature photos that were chosen by a conservation photography organization in celebration of Earth Day 2010. "Test your Earth IQ" quizzes on backyard birds, Yosemite, pollution, natural disasters, and going green will keep visitors plenty busy, and the quizzes are also a great way to learn something new. The "NG in the Field" section reports on the grantees of National Geographic grants. Some of the projects include, "Big Cats Initiatives", "Blue Holes Project", and "Quintana Roo Underwater Cave Project."
The concept of relevancy is used to analyze differences between African American and European American viewers’ readings of a TV news investigative report documenting discrimination in the housing industry. In 17 focus group discussions (8 Black, 9 White) lasting about two hours, four key relevancies were discovered: the relevancy of oppression, the relevancy of the problem of racism, the relevancy
We empirically investigate temporal and cross correlations inthe frequency of news reports on companies, using a dataset of more than 100 million news articles reported in English by around 500 press agencies worldwide for the period 2003--2009. Our first finding is that the frequency of news reports on a company does not follow a Poisson process, but instead exhibits long memory with a positive autocorrelation for longer than one year. The second finding is that there exist significant correlations in the frequency of news across companies. Specifically, on a daily time scale or longer the frequency of news is governed by external dynamics, while on a time scale of minutes it is governed by internal dynamics. These two findings indicate that the frequency of news reports on companies has statistical properties similar to trading volume or price volatility in stock markets, suggesting that the flow of information through company news plays an important role in price dynamics in stock markets.
In order to put on the European Market, the medical devices shall be in conformity with two European Directives transcribed in national regulation: Directive 90/385/CEE--20 June 1990: concerning the implantable active medical devices, mandatory since the 1/01/95; Directive 93/42/CEE--13 June 1993: concerning the medical devices, applicable since the 1/01/95 and mandatory the 14/06/98. Both impose the conformity to essential requirements which can be proved by different procedures of evaluation verified by notify bodies. Then, the CE mark, technical passport, can be apposed. To demonstrate this conformity, the manufacturers can use harmonized european standards without obligation. The "Safety clause" allows to follow the "well-founded" of the CE marking and the national systems of vigilance to register and evaluate the incidents and to define corrective actions. PMID:9181704
|Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…
|At Tokai University (Japan), an English-as-a-Second-Language course in global issues through video uses the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's monthly video magazine "News in Review", published eight months a year for use in Canadian English-medium schools. Of the four segments in each magazine, usually two are about Canada or international…
Since 1985, News International has maintained an in-house database which provides access to several daily and Sunday newspaper titles and has developed into a powerful research tool for librarians and journalists. A plan to provide a web-based front end to the Editorial Database led to the development of an Editorial Services Intranet which also makes available content produced by Reference
Breaking bad news is never easy. There is no right way to do it. However, it is a vitally important communication skill which we should be helping our juniors to learn. In the past, we have all tended to learn by experience and there has been little or no formal training in this important area. While there is no substitute
Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…
This BBC News article lists the long line of earthquake history in Italy from the year 1693 to 1997. The article describes the intensity and also the damages caused by each earthquake. Images and links for further information are included as well.
This is a review of important science news stories of 1990 as reported in the pages of this journal. Areas covered include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and math, earth sciences, environment, food science, materials science, paleobiology, physics, science and society, and space sciences. (CW)
The purpose of the paper is to discuss in some detail the news media's weakness and responsibilities: To determine a means whereby the media can make a profit, remain free from governmental control and still provide the American public with balanced, undi...
We investigate the dimensionality of politics in the European Parliament by applying a scaling method to all roll-call votes between 1979 and 2001 in the European Parliament. Contrary to most existing studies using these methods, we are able to interpret the substantive content of the observed dimensions using exogenous measures of national party policy positions. We find that the main
The coming into force of the European Data Privacy Directive on October 25, 1998 may provide the impetus for Latin American nations to adopt European-style data protection laws. Latin American countries first showed real interest in data protection at the International Data Protection Commissioners' meeting in Brussels in 1997 where representatives of Uruguay and Mexico attended as official observers. Latin
Discusses universal service policies in the European Union. Topics include information access; the demise of the public service model; the effects of competition on universal service; financing; national implementation of member states; programs for schools and libraries; and pertinent Web sites on European universal service policy. (LRW)
The rejection of the Constitutional Treaty and the various events following the negative referenda provide an excellent occasion for reconsidering the real meaning of European integration. Paradoxically, the integration process is often praised for its clumsy and ultimately unsuccessful attempts to mimic the nation state, while its truly important contribution to European civilization – the establishment of a supranational constitutional
In the last 20 years, expenditures on pharmaceuticals - as well as total health expenditures - have grown faster than the gross national product in all European countries. The aim of this paper was to review policies that European governments apply to reduce or at least slow down public expenditure on pharmaceutical products. Such policies can target the industry, the
Silvia M. Ess; Sebastian Schneeweiss; Thomas D. Szucs
AbstractThis article will critically examine the traditional interpretation of Article 12 EC—prohibiting discrimination on the basis of nationality—as not applying to third country nationals (TCNs). Different arguments, both for and against this ‘classic’ interpretation, will be considered. Analysing the question of the ‘scope of application of the EC Treaty’, with a view to determining the scope of application of Article
|This article presents a snapshot of major happenings at some colleges and universities in Ohio. Ohio universities build on a tradition of inclusion. The Buckeye State has a rich tradition of progressive higher education institutions, many of which were among the first in the nation to offer degrees to women and people of color. Antioch College,…
This document is comprised of the three 2002 issues of a newsletter devoted to identifying and promoting strategies to reduce the poverty rate of young children and to improve the life chances of children still living in poverty. The Winter issue includes the following articles: (1) "NCCP [National Center for Children in Poverty] Responds to New…
|Presents statistics on a variety of subjects related to blacks in higher education: (1) survey statistics from the 25 highest-ranked national colleges and universities; (2) effects of actions of the mass media; (3) influence of intact families on black higher education; (4) how affirmative action encourages blacks to attend college; and (5) black…
|This document is comprised of the three 2002 issues of a newsletter devoted to identifying and promoting strategies to reduce the poverty rate of young children and to improve the life chances of children still living in poverty. The Winter issue includes the following articles: (1) "NCCP [National Center for Children in Poverty] Responds to New…
Cataloging of newspapers under the auspices of the National Endowment for the Humanities-funded United States Newspapcr Program began in 1983. Bibliographic records created by USNP participants are maintained as a subset of the CONSER Program database on OCLC, and holdings records are created and maintained in the OCLC Union List Subsystem. As of October, 1992, the database contained over 100,000
ABSTRACTThe sequence of events which followed the signature of the Rome treaty in 2004 demonstrated the uncertainties of reconciling pan European policy objectives with national political opinion. Public opinion in the United Kingdom was cautiously handled by ministers, taking care to avoid the issue becoming a clash between the parties. With some exceptions, relative moderation became the hallmark of the
Thinning ozone notwithstanding, researchers have uncovered one bright environmental spot in the Arctic. Pollution that hangs in layers over the region every spring -- the so-called Arctic haze -- has now declined to about 50% of what it was a decade ago, according to scientists at the national Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The haze, first observed in 1957, is a result of pollution from Europe and Asia that migrates north in later winter and early spring, say Barry A. Bodhaine and Ellsworth G. Dutton of NOAA. It grew yearly until 1982, then began a decline that probably stems from Russia's increased reliance on natural gas instead of coal and oil, as well as from tighter controls imposed on western European polluters. The researchers detected the decrease in springtime measurements at the NOAA Climate Monitoring Diagnostics Laboratory in Barrow, Alaska. A less significant decrease in springtime pollution was seen in aerosol monitoring at a station in the town of Alert in Canada's Northwest Territory. How the diminution of Arctic haze will affect climate is still uncertain. In 1983 NASA scientists factored the Arctic pollution, largely composed of sulfates, into their climate modeling and predicted that absorption of solar radiation would lead to a small Arctic warming. Now, says Bodhaine, all other things being equal, [open quotes]the warming effect of these particles should be half of what it was in 1983[close quotes].
Available in English, German, and French, the European Commission's (EC) online press room is an excellent resource for any users interested in the latest news and press releases from the EC and the European Union. At the site, visitors will find links to the latest headlines and releases (many available in multiple languages), a weekly archive, a searchable database of press releases since 1985, and links to video news, photos, and other resources. Registered users may also sign up to receive free electronic press releases on designated areas of interest.
This cross-national comparative case study of online news production analyzes the strategies of Cable News Network (CNN) and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), aiming to contribute to the understanding of the implications of organizational strategy on the role of journalists and explaining why traditional media organizations have a tendency to develop a cross platform approach (distributing content on several platforms,
This thesis assesses the prospects for building a constitutional structure for the European Union (EU) that will secure popular support and protect national sovereignty, in the light of four theories of political integration: functionalism, neotunctionali...
The European project is facing a crisis. Citizens no longer understand what the EU is about. Young people and the new ruling class have forgotten the clear message of the European project launched just after the Second World War \\
The EMU site was created by a group of students at the King's Hospital Secondary School in Palmerston, Dublin, Ireland. Their site discusses the potential positive and negative effects of the EMU, popular opinion on the Euro, and the possible side effects for Ireland, which will join, when its neighbor Britain does not join. After months of doubt and political difficulties in France, Germany, and most recently, Italy, it now appears that the unified European currency, the Euro, will indeed begin on January 1, 1999 to replace the national currencies of as many as 10 or 11 countries. The path to a unified currency is by no means smooth, however. Many European Union member states are finding it politically difficult to reduce their budget deficit to 3 percent of gross domestic product and other states, such as Britain and Denmark, are choosing to remain out for now regardless. On the other hand, European economic growth will apparently exceed earlier expectations, allowing leaders to use increased tax revenues instead of cutting social services to qualify.
This study conducted a content analysis to examine the types of images that accompany online news stories about obesity and to determine how obese people are portrayed in news photographs. Images were selected from news articles about obesity obtained from 5 major news Web sites, during a 2-week period in September of 2009. Images accompanying news stories about obesity (N = 549)
Chelsea A. Heuer; Kimberly J. McClure; Rebecca M. Puhl
|Recommends classroom activities and student projects designed to foster an interest in the news. Argues that student participation in active news gathering and interpretation will enable them to recognize news bias and emotional appeal. Suggests production of a newspaper, a newscast, an editorial, and assembly of a news review comparing news from…
|This book is a primer on the techniques of news writing and the application of those principles to print and broadcast journalism. Chapters include: "The News Media," which presents a brief history of journalism and the foundations on which it is based; "What Is News?"; "Gathering News," which discusses news beats, reporters' qualifications, and…
|From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight…
The European Cooperation for Space Standardization (ECSS) is an initiative established to develop a coherent, single set of user-friendly standards for use in all European space activities. In the autumn of 1993, several national space agencies in Europe, ESA and the European space industry joined forces to start developing the space standards. The ECSS standards must improve industrial efficiency and competiveness, and satisfy European and international clients. The standards will apply as needed to any party participating in the definition, development, manufacturing, verification or operation of any assembly, equipment, subsystem, system or service used for any space mission.
The first comprehensive study about the European solar thermal market came out in 1996. The European Solar Industry Federation (ESIF) had conducted it within the framework of the ALTENER program of the European Commission and published it with the title “Sun in Action.” Experts from 10 countries collated descriptions of the European and some non-European markets. The market data published
OBJECTIVES: This study quantifies the representativeness with which the print news media depict mortality. METHODS: The proportion of mortality-related copy in samples of national print media was compared with the proportion of actual deaths attributable to the leading causes of US mortality over a 1-year period. RESULTS: For every tested cause of death, a significant disproportion was found between amount of text devoted to the cause and the actual number of attributable deaths. Underrepresented causes included tobacco use (23% of expected copy) and heart disease (33%); overrepresented causes included illicit use of drugs (1740%), motor vehicles (1280%), and toxic agents (1070%). CONCLUSIONS: The news media significantly misrepresent the prevalence of leading causes of death and their risk factors. This misrepresentation may contribute to the public's distorted perceptions of health threats.
eHealth and telemedicine services are promising business areas in Europe. It is clear that eHealth products and services will be sold and ordered from a distance and over national borderlines in the future. However, there are many barriers to overcome. For both national and pan-European eHealth and telemedicine applications a common security framework is needed. These frameworks set security requirements needed for cross-border eHealth services. The next step is to build a security infrastructure which is independent of technical platforms. Most of the European eHealth platforms are regional or territorial. Some countries are looking for a Public Key Infrastructure, but no large scale solutions do exist in healthcare. There is no clear candidate solution for European-wide interoperable eHealth platform. Gross-platform integration seems to be the most practical integration method at a European level in the short run. The use of Internet as a European integration platform is a promising solution in the long run. PMID:15061534
Video news releases are an important public relations tactic, but use by television stations is difficult to evaluate. While electronic tracking exists, data are rarely shared or published. This study analyzed proprietary data regarding the use of 14 VNRs, which resulted in 4,245 airings across the U.S.Findings indicate all sizes of markets are likely to use VNRs, but smaller markets
Using archival data published in 2003 and 2007, we investigated factors that influence the change of nationality of the most senior executives in foreign affiliates of MNCs operating in Japan. Our results show that as the length of operation in Japan increases, the likelihood of a non-Japanese top executive in the affiliate being replaced by a Japanese top executive, was
|This article considers the current changes in Russian universities, especially moves towards a more outward-looking, international approach, driven in particular by the Bologna Process. It is noted that the speed of change has been uneven, with many institutions slow to embrace reform. The situation at the National University of Science and…
Cardiac rehabilitation programs have the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality and increase quality of life after acute coronary events and coronary bypass surgery (CABG). Unfortunately, the proportion of eligible patients that participate in cardiac rehabilitation remains low, despite coverage of such programs by the Israeli National Health Insurance. A low participation rate is especially prominent in women, elderly, minorities and low socioeconomic classes. In this edition of Harefuah, Gendler et at conducted an interventional study aimed at increasing the participation of patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs after CABG in 5 cardiothoracic wards across Israel. They interviewed 489 patients in the intervention arm and 472 patients in the control arm before surgery and a year later. The intervention included dissemination of information on cardiac rehabilitation to the medical staff and patients. Following the intervention, cardiac rehabilitation increased almost twofold in veteran-Israeli males and females. Although it increased significantly in USSR-born male immigrants, their absolute rate of participation remained low (13.6%). No USSR-born female participated in rehabilitation, either before or after the intervention. The good news is that a simple, inexpensive intervention can increase participation in cardiac rehabilitation after CABG surgery. The bad news is that this potentially lifesaving activity remains unattended by most USSR-born immigrants, and particularly by females. Additional research is required to explore the cultural, social and economic barriers of this phenomenon. PMID:23367745
There is no need to summarize the features of this simplified model, which describes the manner in which modern science was transmitted to the lands beyond Western Europe. The graph of Fig. 1 and the examples drawn from science in various lands should have made them clear. It may be in order, however, to reiterate that there is nothing about the phases of my model that is cosmically or metaphysically necessary. I am satisfied if my attempt will interest others to go beyond my crude analysis and make a systematic investigation of the diffusion of Western science throughout the world. Such an investigation would include a comparative appraisal of the development of science in different national, cultural, and social settings and would mark the beginnings of truly comparative studies in the history and sociology of science. The present lack of comparative studies in these disciplines can be attributed to the widespread belief that science is strictly an international endeavor. In one sense this is true. As Sir Isaac Newton remarked in his Principia (49), "the descent of stones in Europe and in America" must both be explained by one set of physical laws. Yet, we cannot ignore the peculiar environment in which members of a national group of scientists are trained and carry on their research. While I do not hold with the Nazi theorists that science is a direct reflection of the racial or national spirit (50), neither do I accept Chekhov's dictum (51) that "there is no national science just as there is no national multiplication table. . . ." In emphasizing the international nature of scientific inquiry we have forgotten that science exists in a local social setting. If that setting does not decisively mold the conceptual growth of science, it can at least affect the number and types of individuals who are free to participate in the internal development of science. Perhaps the effect is more profound; only future scholarship can determine the depth of its influence. PMID:5337176
The Agricultural Marketing Service of the US Department of Agriculture has made available (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only) this weekly report, which is an indispensible resource for dairy market analysts. It tracks trends in the butter, cheese, fluid milk, nonfat dry milk, whey and casein markets, on a national and regional basis. Though certainly not aimed at the casual reader, this is probably the best place to keep current of market developments. Weekly, monthly, and annual pertinent statistical average tables (mostly prices) are also available.
Structural changes in Western European politics increases the importance of lobbying. The “political deficit” of the European Union has created an exploding lobbying market which is mirrored in the increased importance of lobbying at the national state level in Europe. This study looks at the role of corporate PR managers in corporate lobbying in one European country, Norway, and looks
Beyond the well-known discussion in regard to the Cassis de Dijon of the European Court of Justice, implying the mutual recognition of national product regulations, the topic of mutual recognition and regulatory competition has emerged again in the realm of European corporate laws (“Centros” of the ECJ in 1999). Can effective competition among European corporate laws be expected? In the
Social media are revolutionizing the ways that people communicate and the ways they get their news. Traditional news outlets are in decline, and no subject area is declining faster than science news. Every day there are fewer professional science journalists working in traditional media. On the other hand, ever greater numbers of scientists, science enthusiasts, and online journalists are turning to blogs, podcasts, eBooks, twitter feeds, and social media sites like Facebook and Tumbler to spread news about science. I will present an overview of the state of science journalism and speculate on the likely directions it seems to be heading. I will also offer some general guidelines to help scientists understand what makes a good science news story, as well as suggesting ways that they can get their work in the news.
... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest Â§ 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...
...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...
...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...
...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA Â§ 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...
...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA Â§ 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...
...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA Â§ 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...
...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. Transactions...establishment and operation of news bureaus in the United States by Cuban organizations...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. (c)...
Different ''paradigmatic'' approaches to explain news effects on voting may supplement each other, because their starting points are based on different news types in political campaign news: news on issue positions of parties, news on real-world developments, news on support or criticism for parties, and news on success and failure of parties. Daily content analysis data and a weekly multiwave
Jan Kleinnijenhuis; Anita M. J. van Hoof; Dirk Oegema; Jan A. de Ridder
Adopting the construct of “brand personality,” this article examines the news brands of Cable News Network, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, CBS news, NBC news, and ABC news; investigates the factors influencing their brand images; and assesses the consequences of these brand perceptions. Using the news brand personality dimensions of competence, timeliness, and dynamism, it was found that antecedents such as
\\u000a A method for deriving statistical indicators from the Europe Media Monitor (EMM) is described. EMM monitors world news in\\u000a real time from the Internet and various News Agencies. The new method measures the intensity of news reporting for any country\\u000a concerning a particular theme. Two normalised indicators are defined for each theme (j) and for each country (c). The first
Local television news is an important source of health information for the public. Yet little is known about coverage of health issues on local television newscasts. This study examined 1,863 news stories that aired on 4 English-language channels and 1 Spanish channel in 7 U.S. markets during a composite week in 2000. About 10% of news stories focused on health
The potential health effects arising from exposure to depleted uranium have been much in the news of late. Naturally occurring uranium contains the radioisotopes 238U (which dominates, at a current molar proportion of 99.3%), 235U and a small amount of 234U. Depleted uranium has an isotopic concentration of 235U that is below the 0.7% found naturally. This is either because
This article from BBC News discusses how two mathematicians made a crochet model of chaos. The mathematicians, whose research focuses on developing a computer model to describe complex surfaces, were able to represent the Lorenz equations using 25,511 crochet stitches. The pattern was published in the journal Mathematics Intelligencer and the mathematicians are challenging others to repeat the effort. The model stretches almost a meter across and was used as a Christmas decoration.
This site features news articles and features that highlight research from NASA's current space missions. The home page provides links to current headline stories and recent stories on space science, astronomy, living in space, Earth science, physical and biological sciences, and advances in technology. The stories are available as podcasts, which can be downloaded or played from the web site, and as illustrated transcripts (text). There is also an archive of stories dating back to 1996.
Vaccination schedules for under-five children in the EU member states differ markedly, mainly as a consequence of differences in programme organization, decision making and history, and to a limited extent by epidemiological differences. There is little willingness towards unification since little evidence exists to prefer one schedule over the others, but the differences might impact on public confidence. Monitoring key determinants influencing individual decision making on immunization ('soft impacts') is thus as important as other existing monitoring systems of the 'hard' impacts of immunization programmes, and both should focus on the impact of these schedule differences. Harmonization of vaccination schedules is not the main issue, but the reasons behind the differences should be explained in an understandable and coherent way to the public. Scientists and advisory bodies should look over the country borders and communicate any crucial information, in order to improve scientific consensus on immunization schedules and programmes. These were the main conclusions of a members' experts panel of the European network of independent science advisory bodies on health (EuSANH), at a workshop in November 2012. PMID:23962536
We use a standard single-agent model to conduct a simple consumption growth accounting exercise. Consumption growth is driven by news about current and expected future returns on the market portfolio. We impute the residual of consumption growth innovations that cannot be attributed to either news about financial asset returns or future labor income growth to news about expected future returns
This article empirically examines the use and evaluation of television news by young 'news seekers' of Moroccan and Turkish origin. The main research questions are: Do 'migrant' adolescents, between 18 and 28 years, consult the Flemish television news? And, if so, how do they evaluate these broadcastings? By means of in-depth interviewing we tried, in this qualitative study, to gain
Do network news agencies (ABC, CBS, and NBC) play their dominant strategies in selecting the lead news story (cover story) for nightly newscasts? The present paper seeks an answer to this question by employing elementary game-theory analysis and simple logit\\/ordered logit regression models to examine the choice the network agencies make in selecting a nightly lead news story. While economic
In two studies we examined the influence of violent television news on viewers’ emotional experiences and facial expressions. In doing so, we considered formal and content aspects of news reports as well as viewers’ gratifications as independent variables. Analyses showed that violence in TV news elicits primarily negative emotions depending on the type of portrayed violence. Effects of presentation mode
News producers continue to increase their volume of production and delivery platforms in an effort to reach and maintain news consumers. However, consumers may not necessarily find more news desirable. Previous studies have suggested that information surplus can lead to negative outcomes for consumers, but research of outcomes related to news production and consumption has been scant. This study explores novel areas of news surplus and overload, empirically examining factors associated with the degree of perceived overload across a broad spectrum of news delivery platforms. The findings reveal that the majority of today's news consumers feel overloaded with the amount of news they are confronted with. Gender, news interest, and the use of specific news platforms and outlets predict the degree of that overload. News access through platforms and outlets such as computers, e-readers, and Facebook is positively associated with overload, whereas other platforms such as television and the iPhone are negatively associated with overload. Implications for media psychology and news consumption are discussed. PMID:23020743
Given that the public uses the media to learn about adoption as a family form, this study analyzes U.S. television news coverage of adoption between 2001 and 2005 (N = 309 stories), to identify the types of news events covered about adoption. A majority of news stories covered fraud, crime, legal disputes, and negative international adoption cases. Adoptees as defective or unhealthy
Susan L. Kline; Karishma Chatterjee; Amanda I. Karel
This study compared and integrated the influence of motivational and situational determinants on news viewing behavior. Individual people-meter data allowed the unobtrusive study of news viewing situations. The finding is that the viewing context is much more important than motivations. However, interest in the news and politics can reinforce or reverse situational influences. For interested viewers, watching more TV in
News is commonly intended to be delivered in an objective, unbiased manner and therefore presented plainly and formally, even though its content often affects readers emotionally. The NewsViz system aims to enhance the news reading experience by integrating 30 seconds long Flash-animations into news article web pages depicting their content and emotional aspects. NewsViz interprets football news texts automatically and
News media coverage can affect how Americans view health policy issues. While previous research has investigated the text content of news media coverage of obesity, these studies have tended to ignore the photographs and other images that accompany obesity-related news coverage. Images can convey important messages about which groups in society are more or less affected by a health problem, and, in turn, shape public understanding about the social epidemiology of that condition. In this study, we analyzed the images of overweight and obese individuals in Time and Newsweek coverage over a 25-year period (1984-2009), and compared these depictions, which we characterize as representing the "news media epidemiology" of obesity, to data describing the true national prevalence of obesity within key populations of interest over this period. Data collected included descriptive features of news stories and accompanying images, and demographic characteristics of individuals portrayed in images. Over the 25-year period, we found that news magazines increasingly depicted non-whites as overweight and obese, and showed overweight and obese individuals less often performing stereotypical behaviors. Even with increasing representation of non-whites over time, news magazines still underrepresented African Americans and Latinos. In addition, the elderly were starkly underrepresented in images of the overweight and obese compared to actual prevalence rates. Research in other policy arenas has linked media depictions of the populations affected by social problems with public support for policies to combat them. Further research is needed to understand how news media depictions can affect public stigma toward overweight and obese individuals and public support for obesity prevention efforts. PMID:22445762
This new bimonthly magazine published by the European Commission is targeted at "decision-makers/opinion formers having an impact on European Integration" in the ten Central European and Baltic countries that have applied to join the EU. The electronic version of the first issue contains articles on humanitarian aid, membership negotiations, pensions, and economic forecasts.
...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co...southernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. at...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company...
Delcam, a manufacturing software developer, has supplied substantial funding towards a UK Government initiative intended to revolutionize the study of design and technology in schools. The computer-aided design software for schools (CAD-CAM) programme will give students a bridge into industry by enabling them to employ video links with engineers at companies such as British Aerospace and Rolls Royce. They will then be able to convert their virtual reality designs into a finished product. When the revised National Curriculum comes into effect this year, CAD-CAM will become compulsory from Key Stage 3, reflecting the greater focus on work-related learning, as well as the added importance being given to Information and Communications Technology (ICT) within the curriculum. Under the new scheme, schools can use a range of software designed in the UK (currently used for such items as jet aircraft and Formula One racing cars), which is being made available free of charge. The Design and Technology Association is monitoring the programme and the schools taking part have had to propose targets, focused on curriculum innovation, pupil outcomes and staff development. Still on the theme of design is the `Young Foresight' project launched in January and inviting 13 to 14 year-olds to tackle the challenges of the future through designing a new product for the world of 2020. The aim here is to encourage creativity, enterprise and innovation among young people by giving them an idea of what is involved in the design and development of a successful product. The students will be supported by mentors drawn from the local business community and there will be related BBC schools television programmes early in March with classroom resources, teacher training and an interactive website. The first phase of the initiative, based on 100 schools from across England and Wales, should be completed by autumn 2000, with phase 2 for 3000 schools over a three-year period incorporating a further nine programmes reflecting the work of the national Foresight Panels. The national Foresight programme is about preparing for the future by identifying market drivers, threats and opportunities and using that knowledge to inform the decisions that need to be taken today. Details can be viewed at www.foresight.gov.uk And for those with any remaining untapped ingenuity, the deadline is fast approaching for this year's `Young Engineer for Britain' competition. Young people, either individually or in teams of up to four, are invited to demonstrate their engineering skills in an event with a total prize value of over Â£65 000. The individual winner takes away a personal prize of Â£2500 plus a trophy, and their school receives an additional Â£2500 for engineering teaching equipment. Entry details can be obtained from Young Engineers for Britain, Engineering Council, 10 Maltravers Street, London WC2R 3ER and the closing date is 28 April 2000 .
|In this article, the author argues that European education policies and rhetoric are imbued with orthodoxy of agency and models of empowered, entrepreneurial actors, striving to surpass the limits of national boundaries. Free circulation of citizens has progressively underpinned a new construction of "the European", who is entrepreneurial,…
This website presents the European Register of Marine Species, an EU-funded marine biodiversity research consortium involving research groups in nine Europeannations. An ultimate goal of the project was to "produce a register of marine species in Europe, linked with a bibliography of identification guides, register of taxonomic experts, locations of collections of reference specimens, and an Information Pack on European marine biodiversity (based on this project's results)." The site links to brief and full checklists for numerous taxa including information on genus, higher taxon, authority, specific epithet, distribution, and more. From the species pages, site users can link to information about the checklists, identification guides, and taxonomic hierarchy. The homepage provides links to information about project participants, project background, and a simple map illustrating the geographic scope of the project. This site is also reviewed in the April 2, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.
A substantial proportion of American adults hold fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention despite evidence that a large proportion of cancer deaths are preventable. Several scholars suggest that news media coverage is one source of these beliefs, but scant evidence has been brought to bear on this assertion. We report findings from two studies that assess the plausibility of the claim that local television (TV) news cultivates fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention. Study 1 features a content analysis of an October 2002 national sample of local TV and newspaper coverage about cancer (n=122 television stations; n=60 newspapers). Study 2 describes an analysis of the 2005 Annenberg National Health Communication Survey (ANHCS, n=1,783 respondents). Study 1 indicates that local TV news stories were more likely than newspaper stories to mention cancer causes and scientific research and less likely to provide follow-up information. Study 2 reveals that local TV news viewing was positively associated with fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention. Overall, findings are consistent with the claim that local TV news coverage may promote fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention. We conclude with a discussion of study implications for cultivation theory and the knowledge gap hypothesis and suggest foci for future research.
Niederdeppe, Jeff; Fowler, Erika Franklin; Goldstein, Kenneth; Pribble, James
HyShot is a program of the University of Queensland in Australia. Its purpose "is to achieve the world's first flight test of air-breathing supersonic ramjet engines." This technology could dramatically reduce the cost of space launches of small payloads. Several recent developments of the HyShot program are documented on this site, including a news story about a successful test launch on July 30, 2002, that achieved supersonic combustion. A photo gallery and a few videos show some highlights of the project, and another video gives an overview of the experiment.
This study examines influences on the degree to which news organizations attend to everyday readers through online feedback, or conversely via advertising and marketing data. Factors at the community level, the market level, and the organizational level are examined as predictors of editors’ exposure and attention to audiences. Results of a national survey indicate that most editors tend to pay
Carly T. McKenzie; Wilson Lowrey; Hal Hays; Jee Young Chung; Chang Wan Woo
This study analyzes coverage by newspapers, network television news, and newsweekly magazines of mass killings that occurred between 1976 and 1996. The findings indicate that although virtually all of the mass murders were locally newsworthy, only a small minority were nationally newsworthy. The widely publicized mass killings were more likely to involve large numbers of fatal and wounded victims, stranger
Numerous studies have demonstrated a relationship between community attachment and local news media use. Despite calls for panel studies to determine the direction of causality in this relationship, there is little evidence beyond cross-sectional surveys, which are often further limited to single communities. In order to contribute to the debate about causal direction, we conducted a four-wave national panel study
The Space Radiation Effects Laboratory located in Newport News, Virginia, was operated by the College of William and Mary for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A synchrocyclotron was formerly in operation in this laboratory and a primary beam of 600 MeV protons and secondary beams of 400 MeV pions and muons were produced for the purpose of studying