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1

The Teacher Evaluation Questionnaire and the Quantification of Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the importance of criteria in the evaluation of a teacher by his students and proposes a method of representing the results of the questionnaire in the form of one weighted average. The following points, emphasized in the construction of the questionnaire, are elaborated: a) the characteristics of a good teacher; b) the…

Melnyk, M.

2

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

3

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

4

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found

5

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = * Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found 1 question

6

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Months Interval = Year Your search

7

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work or Work/Home Your

8

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

9

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

10

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

11

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

12

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

13

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work/Elsewhere or Work/Errands

14

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

15

Evaluating Multilingual Questionnaires: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study aims to develop an assessment tool to evaluate multilingual questionnaires by categorizing the types of translation issues that can lead to measurement errors in crosscultural surveys. Based on the results of two multilingual projects that cogn...

M. Fond Y. Pan

2011-01-01

16

Evaluating Diverse Weight Management Programs with a Standard Evaluation Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to increasing pressures to document the effectiveness of educational programs, a project was undertaken to develop impact indicators and accompanying evaluation questionnaires for four of seven Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The results of field testing a 12-item knowledge and 16-item behavior change evaluation questionnaire for the “healthy weight” dietary guideline are presented. A pre-, post-, and 3- to 6-month

Linda S. Boeckner; Jacquelyn W. McClelland; Patricia Britten; Karen Chapman-Novakofski; David Mustian; Charles D. Clark; Kathryn S. Keim

1999-01-01

17

An Evaluation of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on two studies investigating the utility of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire (LDQ), which was developed to provide a brief evaluation instrument in drug abuse treatment centers. Results from both studies reveal that the LDQ possesses good internal consistency and reliability. (Author/GCP)|

Lennings, C. J.

1999-01-01

18

Asthma and allergic disease prevalence in a diverse sample of Toronto school children: Results from the Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (T-CHEQ) Study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in a multiethnic, population-based sample of Toronto (Ontario) school children attending grades 1 and 2. METHODS: In 2006, the Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (T-CHEQ) used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood survey methodology to administer questionnaires to 23,379 Toronto school children attending grades 1 and 2. Modifications were made to the methodology to conform with current privacy legislation and capture the ethnic diversity of the population. Lifetime asthma, wheeze, hay fever and eczema prevalence were defined by parental report. Asthma was considered to be current if the child also reported wheeze or asthma medication use in the previous 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 5619 children from 283 randomly sampled public schools participated. Children were five to nine years of age, with a mean age of 6.7 years. The overall prevalence of lifetime asthma was 16.1%, while only 11.3% had current asthma. The reported prevalence of lifetime wheeze was 29.2%, while 14.2% reported wheeze in the past 12 months. Sociodemographic and major health determinant characteristics of the T-CHEQ population were similar to 2001 census data, suggesting a diverse sample that was representative of the urban childhood population. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma continues to be a highly prevalent chronic disease in Canadian children. A large proportion of children with reported lifetime asthma, who were five to nine years of age, did not report current asthma symptomatology or medication use.

Dell, Sharon D; Foty, Richard G; Gilbert, Nicolas L; Jerrett, Michael; To, Teresa; Walter, Stephen D; Stieb, David M

2010-01-01

19

[Results of psychometric and questionnaire methods in the evaluation of noise and vibration on floating oil rigs in the Caspian sea].  

PubMed

A psychometric study of noise and vibration was performed at different parts of the Caspian floating oil rigs. The analysis of 500 questionnaires received from the personnel showed that the correlation coefficients for different values, depending on the parameters of the levels, were 0.71-0.87 for noise and 0.33-0.44 for vibration. The noise levels calculated for oil workers of different professions, were: in cabins, recreation rooms and working sites 40-52, 57-63 and 73-74 dBA respectively, and the comparative vibration rate levels were 67-74, 79-85 and 90-97 dB, respectively. 273 questionnaires revealed that the acoustic conditions in the abins affected both the process of falling asleep and depth of sleep (correlation coefficients 0.88 and 0.93, respectively). Noise levels at 30-36 dBA did not cause any sleep discomfort. 84% questionnaires contained in average 3.5 complaints, with the maximum 5.2 complaints for the machine operators, and the minimum 3.2 complaints for the electricians who worked in acoustically more favorable conditions. The study proved that the psychometric and questionnaire data in 70% cases corresponded to the results of the laboratory techniques, such as audiometry, chronoreflexometry, tono- and pulsometry, electrocardiometry, etc. The research data received served a basis for noise and vibration hygienic norming in floating oil-rig sites. PMID:2210438

Volkov, A A; Igrevski?, A V

1990-01-01

20

Mobile questionnaires for user experience evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As user experience studies move from laboratories to mobile context, we need tools for collecting data in natural settings. Based on the results from a pilot study, we present early guidelines for designing mobile questionnaires to be filled in on handheld, palm-sized mobile devices. We found that special attention needs to be paid to the clarity and simplicity of the

Heli Väätäjä; Virpi Roto

2010-01-01

21

JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire: initial report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  There is no widely accepted objective evaluation for lumbar spine disorders. New outcome measures should be patient-oriented\\u000a and should measure symptoms and self-reported functional status in multiple dimensions. The aim of this study was to identify\\u000a items to be included in the disease-specific quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for the assessments of patients with lumbar\\u000a spine disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The draft of

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shinichi Kikuchi; Shinichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

22

Validation of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) Questionnaire in 78 tennis playing subjects who had chronic, unilateral, MRI-confirmed lateral elbow tendinopathy and who concomitantly participated in an outcome study. The PRTEE results were compared with results of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS); the Disabilities of the Arm,

Joy C. MacDermid; T OVEREND

2007-01-01

23

Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the developmental coordination disorder questionnaire for parents ( DCD-Q): Results from a community based study of school-aged children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examine several key psychometric properties (reliability, construct validity, concurrent validity) of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCD-Q) using a large, school-based sample of children (n=523) and their parents. Children completed the Children’s Self-perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection toward Physical Activity (CSAPPA) and parents completed the DCD-Q. The internal reliability of the DCD-Q was high for

John Cairney; Cheryl Missiuna; Scott Veldhuizen; Brenda Wilson

2008-01-01

24

Childhood Graves' ophthalmopathy: results of a European questionnaire study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Evaluation of the frequency of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and its management in chil- dren and adolescents up to 18 years old with Graves' hyperthyroidism. Study design: This was a questionnaire study (QS) among members of the European Thyroid Associ- ation and the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology. Approximately 300 QS were sent to members with electronic addresses and 110

G. E. Krassas; M. Segni; W. M. Wiersinga

2005-01-01

25

Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare  

PubMed Central

Background Quality improvement initiatives have expanded recently within the healthcare sector. Studies have shown that less than 40% of these initiatives are successful, indicating the need for an instrument that can measure the progress and results of quality improvement initiatives and answer questions about how quality initiatives are conducted. The aim of the present study was to develop and test an instrument to measure improvement process and outcome in Swedish healthcare. Methods A questionnaire, founded on the Minnesota Innovation Survey (MIS), was developed in several steps. Items were merged and answer alternatives were revised. Employees participating in a county council improvement program received the web-based questionnaire. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The questionnaire psychometric properties were investigated and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Results The Swedish Improvement Measurement Questionnaire consists of 27 items. The Improvement Effectiveness Outcome dimension consists of three items and has a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.67. The Internal Improvement Processes dimension consists of eight sub-dimensions with a total of 24 items. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the complete dimension was 0.72. Three significant item correlations were found. A large involvement in the improvement initiative was shown and the majority of the respondents were satisfied with their work. Conclusions The psychometric property tests suggest initial support for the questionnaire to study and evaluate quality improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare settings. The overall satisfaction with the quality improvement initiative correlates positively to the awareness of individual responsibilities.

2013-01-01

26

Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the developmental coordination disorder questionnaire for parents (DCD-Q): results from a community based study of school-aged children.  

PubMed

In this study, we examine several key psychometric properties (reliability, construct validity, concurrent validity) of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCD-Q) using a large, school-based sample of children (n=523) and their parents. Children completed the Children's Self-perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection toward Physical Activity (CSAPPA) and parents completed the DCD-Q. The internal reliability of the DCD-Q was high for both the full scale and the subscales. Confirmatory factor analysis established that the scale was multifactorial, but the fit of the hypothesized factor structure was poor. Finally, moderate correlations were observed between the CSAPPA and the DCD-Q, with the strongest correlation found between the "perceived adequacy" subscale of the CSAPPA and "control during movement" subscale of the DCD-Q. Implications for screening and further research are discussed in relation to both instruments. PMID:18635280

Cairney, John; Missiuna, Cheryl; Veldhuizen, Scott; Wilson, Brenda

2008-07-16

27

The HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire: Development and Evaluation of a Reliable, Valid, and Practical Self-Administered Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed and evaluated a self-administered questionnaire of knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for use in program evaluation. Formative work led to the development of the 62-item HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire (HIV-K-Q), which was administered to 409 women and 227 men. Item analyses resulted in the deletion of 17 items that were either too easy or did not correlate

Michael P. Carey; Dianne Morrison-Beedy; Blair T. Johnson

1997-01-01

28

Development and pilot testing of the faculty advisor evaluation questionnaire.  

PubMed

The importance of academic advising has been established in part by its designation as an element in the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Standards for Accreditation. In addition, academic advising plays an essential role in students' development, academic success, satisfaction, recruitment, and retention; therefore, access to valid and reliable evaluation tools is of considerable importance. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot test the Faculty Advisor Evaluation Questionnaire (FAEQ), which is an instrument developed from qualitative nursing research. The psychometric properties were explored using face and content validity, internal consistency reliability, and principle components factor analysis. The four-factor solution of the resulting 30-item questionnaire accounted for 81% of the variability. Cronbach's alpha values of the four factors ranged from 0.885 to 0.974. The FAEQ should elicit valid and reliable results, although further testing is needed to validate the findings in a larger and more diverse sample. PMID:22201275

Harrison, Elizabeth

2011-12-30

29

Questionnaires for eliciting evaluation data from users of interactive question answering  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating interactive question answering (QA) systems with real users can be challenging because traditional evaluation measures based on the relevance of items returned are difficult to employ since relevance judgments can be unstable in multi-user evaluations. The work reported in this paper evaluates, in distinguishing among a set of interactive QA systems, the effectiveness of three questionnaires: a Cognitive Workload Questionnaire (NASA TLX), and Task and System Questionnaires customized to a specific interactive QA application. These Questionnaires were evaluated with four systems, seven analysts, and eight scenarios during a 2-week workshop. Overall, results demonstrate that all three Questionnaires are effective at distinguishing among systems, with the Task Questionnaire being the most sensitive. Results also provide initial support for the validity and reliability of the Questionnaires.

Kelly, Diane; Kantor, Paul B.; Morse, Emile; Scholtz, Jean; Sun, Y.

2009-01-01

30

Constructing Questionnaires for Program Evaluation -Student Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EMS Administrators may sometimes determine a need to go beyond the evaluative requirements of the federal government in order to assess the impact of special programs which they have initiated. To facilitate the evaluation of a program or service, questio...

1979-01-01

31

Constructing Questionnaires for Program Evaluation - Instructor's Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EMS Administrators may sometimes determine a need to go beyond the evaluative requirements of the federal government in order to assess the impact of the federal government in order to assess the impact of special programs which they have initiated. To fa...

1979-01-01

32

Occupant questionnaire on interior environmental conditions: Initial results  

Microsoft Academic Search

An initial survey has been conducted to assess a self-administered questionnaire, fingerprint and liking score which are aimed at quantifying, in a simple manner, occupants' perceptions of their interior environments. 450 questionnaires have been analysed. The average liking scores for groups of occupants range between -14% and +19%. The questionnaire responses have been found to be consistent in two test-retests

G. J. Levermore; D. Meyers

1996-01-01

33

The Application of a Primary Science Delivery Evaluation Questionnaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this investigation was to apply a validated curriculum evaluation instrument, the Science Curriculum Implementation Questionnaire (SCIQ), in an educational context in which a science curriculum review had recently been completed and, by so doing, ascertain the accuracy and potential value of the instrument as a curriculum delivery evaluative tool. The study begins by exploring the themes generated from an extensive case study attempting to identify the broad and complex factors influencing science program delivery at a large urban intermediate (Years 7 and 8) school in New Zealand. Following this, the results of the subsequent application of the SCIQ in the case study school are discussed. Responses to the SCIQ reaffirmed the themes identified in the case study and, by way of standard deviation analysis, gave a similar description of the variability in the staff perceptions pertaining to the factors influencing science program delivery. Limitations and recent practical applications of the SCIQ are also discussed.

Lewthwaite, Brian; Fisher, Darrell

2004-02-01

34

Environmental education curriculum evaluation questionnaire: A reliability and validity study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intention of this research project was to bridge the gap between social science research and application to the environmental domain through the development of a theoretically derived instrument designed to give educators a template by which to evaluate environmental education curricula. The theoretical base for instrument development was provided by several developmental theories such as Piaget's theory of cognitive development, Developmental Systems Theory, Life-span Perspective, as well as curriculum research within the area of environmental education. This theoretical base fueled the generation of a list of components which were then translated into a questionnaire with specific questions relevant to the environmental education domain. The specific research question for this project is: Can a valid assessment instrument based largely on human development and education theory be developed that reliably discriminates high, moderate, and low quality in environmental education curricula? The types of analyses conducted to answer this question were interrater reliability (percent agreement, Cohen's Kappa coefficient, Pearson's Product-Moment correlation coefficient), test-retest reliability (percent agreement, correlation), and criterion-related validity (correlation). Face validity and content validity were also assessed through thorough reviews. Overall results indicate that 29% of the questions on the questionnaire demonstrated a high level of interrater reliability and 43% of the questions demonstrated a moderate level of interrater reliability. Seventy-one percent of the questions demonstrated a high test-retest reliability and 5% a moderate level. Fifty-five percent of the questions on the questionnaire were reliable (high or moderate) both across time and raters. Only eight questions (8%) did not show either interrater or test-retest reliability. The global overall rating of high, medium, or low quality was reliable across both coders and time, indicating that the questionnaire can discriminate differences in quality of environmental education curricula. Of the 35 curricula evaluated, 6 were high quality, 14 were medium quality and 15 were low quality. The criterion-related validity of the instrument is at current time unable to be established due to the lack of comparable measures or a concretely usable set of multidisciplinary standards. Face and content validity were sufficiently demonstrated.

Minner, Daphne Diane

35

Management of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Results of the ESPE Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of children and adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains difficult. To assess the current European practice in diagnosis and management of CAH, an ESPE (European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology) survey was circulated in 2000\\/2001. The questionnaire was answered by 34% of ESPE members, representing 125 institutions which cared for 6,553 CAH patients. Paediatric endocrinologists, surgeons, gynaecologists, geneticists,

Felix G. Riepe; Nils Krone; Matthias Viemann; Carl-Joachim Partsch; Wolfgang G. Sippell

2002-01-01

36

A questionnaire for patients’ evaluations of their physicians’ humanistic behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine what behaviors patients perceive as reflecting a physician’s humanistic qualities, to develop an instrument\\u000a for patients to use to assess the humanistic behaviors of their own physicians, and to compare patient assessment of residents’\\u000a humanistic behaviors with patient satisfaction and the assessment of attending physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study, using patient interviews and questionnaires, and evaluations of

Michael J. Weaver; Cathy L. Ow; Debra J. Walker; Ernest F. Degenhardt

1993-01-01

37

Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the Bedtime Routines Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, child bedtime routines have been examined through observation or sleep diaries. These methods are often expensive\\u000a and hinder study comparisons due to lack of consistent operational definitions of routines. This article describes the development\\u000a and psychometric evaluation of the Bedtime Routines Questionnaire (BRQ), a 31-item paper-and-pencil, parent-report measure\\u000a of children’s bedtime routines. The BRQ and related measures

Jill A. Henderson; Sara Sytsma Jordan

2010-01-01

38

Evaluation of user acceptance of information systems in health care--the value of questionnaires.  

PubMed

The use of modern information technology (IT) offers tremendous opportunities such as reducing clinical errors and supporting health care professionals in providing care. Evaluation of user satisfaction is often seen as a surrogate for the success of an information systems. We will present the evaluation of a report writing system at the Innsbruck University Medical Center based on a standardized, validated psychometric questionnaire. The results show high reliability and validity of the questionnaire. They also show some interesting differences in user satisfaction between departments, due to differences in working processes and preconditions. Psychometric questionnaires can be seen as a reliable and valid method to measure certain psychological constructs. Their development requires, however, methodological rigour and sufficient time. Psychometric questionnaires allow only a limited interaction between researcher and user, their results may be very dependant on the time of measurement, and their interpretation often needs external knowledge. Those limitations have to be taken into account when preparing evaluation studies. PMID:14664060

Ammenwerth, Elske; Kaiser, Frieda; Wilhelmy, Immanuel; Höfer, Stefan

2003-01-01

39

Evaluation of the construct validity of the DASH questionnaire by correlation to the SF-36.  

PubMed

The construct validity of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was evaluated by examining its correlation to the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). The study sample was 90 patients seen at the upper-extremity clinic of a university-based orthopedic practice. Patients were asked to complete a packet that included the DASH and SF-36 questionnaires. Pearson correlation coefficients of the DASH questionnaire to the SF-36 subscales ranged from -0.36 to -0.62. The DASH questionnaire had fewer ceiling and floor scores than most of the SF-36 subscales. These results support the DASH questionnaire as a valid measure of health status useful in patients with a wide variety of upper-extremity complaints. PMID:12015732

SooHoo, Nelson Fong; McDonald, Allen P; Seiler, John Gray; McGillivary, Gary R

2002-05-01

40

Questionnaire Pretesting Methods: Do Different Techniques and Different Organizations Produce Similar Results?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 15 years, in an effort to improve survey data quality, survey practitioners have significantly increased their use of an evolving set of questionnaire pretesting methods. Several researchers have addressed issues related to questionnaire evaluation, and have attempted to determine the potential strengths and weaknesses of each (Campanelli, 1997; DeMaio, Mathiowetz, Rothgeb, Beach, and Durant,1993; Oksenberg Cannell, and

Jennifer Rothgeb; Gordon Willis; Barbara Forsyth

2001-01-01

41

Establishing the Validity and Reliability of Course Evaluation Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the case of designing a new course questionnaire to discuss the issues of validity, reliability and diagnostic power in good questionnaire design. Validity is often not well addressed in course questionnaire design as there are no straightforward tests that can be applied to an individual instrument. The authors propose the…

Kember, David; Leung, Doris Y. P.

2008-01-01

42

Work related risk factors for musculoskeletal complaints in the nursing profession: results of a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints of the back, arms or neck, and legs among nurses, and to investigate the relation between these complaints and various work related and personal variables. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out in four nursing homes in The Netherlands. RESULTS: The response was 95% and resulted in 846 completed questionnaires. It was

J A Engels; J W van der Gulden; T F Senden; B van't Hof

1996-01-01

43

Evaluation of Two Circadian Rhythm Questionnaires for Screening for the Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder  

PubMed Central

Objective Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD) is a condition in which patients often fall asleep some hours after midnight and have difficulty waking up in the morning. Circadian chronotype questionnaires such as Horne-Östberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and Basic Language Morningness (BALM) scale have been used for screening for DSPD. This study was to evaluate these two chronotype questionnaires for screening of DSPD. Methods The study samples were 444 DSPD and 438 controls. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated to evaluate for internal consistency. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted using principal-axis factoring. The diagnostic performance of a test was evaluated using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. A discriminant function analysis was also performed. Results For internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha of 0.898 for BALM was higher than the 0.837 for MEQ, though both have acceptable internal consistency. BALM has better construct validity than the MEQ because some MEQ items measure different dimensions. However, when we evaluated the efficiency of two questionnaires for DSPD diagnosis by using the ROC curve, the BALM was similar to the MEQ. In a discriminant analysis with the BALM to classify the two groups (DSPD vs. normal), 6 items were identified that resulted in good classification accuracy. Upon examination of the classification procedure, 94.2% of the originally grouped cases were classified correctly. Conclusion These findings suggest that the BALM has better psychometric properties than the MEQ in screening and discriminating DSPS.

Rhee, Min Kyu; Rex, Katharine M.

2012-01-01

44

The Essential Skills Series in Evaluation: Assessing the Validity of the ESS Participant Workshop Evaluation Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 2003, the Essential Skills Series training program developed by the Canadian Evaluation Society has been offered to more than 15 groups in the province of Quebec. The evaluations of these workshops were based on the participants' reactions collected by a Participant Feedback Questionnaire. This article describes the process used to assess…

Dagenais, Christian; Dargis-Damphousse, Luc; Dutil, Julie

2011-01-01

45

Lecture Evaluation Questionnaire Items Desired by the Alumni of the Faculty  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lecture evaluation questionnaires have been carried out to students because they are the suitable ways to improve the classes. Though the purpose of lecture evaluation questionnaires is to confirm whether it has fulfilled faculties' responsibility or not, we consider that our lectures should be evaluated from the three viewpoints, namely, by the students, the academic staffs and the society members. We proposed successfully the lecture evaluation questionnaire items desired by the society members that are alumni of our faculty.

Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Suzuki, Michitaka; Nagata, Masayoshi; Sato, Kunihiro; Kawatsuki, Nobuhiro; Uchida, Hitoshi

46

Psychometric Evaluation of a Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expectancies influence the initiation and maintenance of substance use. Given the increasing literature devoted to the rise of prescription stimulant misuse, an examination of expectancy effects associated with prescription stimulant use appears warranted. This study employed a revised version of the Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) and examined its psychometric properties in a nationwide sample of 547 participants. An exploratory

Alison Looby; Mitch Earleywine

2010-01-01

47

Validation of a Questionnaire for Heat Strain Evaluation in Women Workers  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Physiological, anthropometrical and thermal perceptual are the most important factors affecting thermoregulation of men and women in workplaces. The purpose of this study was determining the validity of a questionnaire method for assessing women's heat strain in workplaces. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 96 healthy women. Data were continuously collected over a period of 3 months (July-September) in 2012. Mean ± (SD) of age was found to be 31.5 ± 7.48 years, of height 1.61 ± 0.05 m, of weight 61.55 ± 10.35 kg, and of body mass index 23.52 ± 3.75 kg/m2 in different workplaces. Heart rate and oral temperature were measured by heart rate monitoring and a medical digital thermometer, respectively. Subjects completed a draft questionnaire about the effective factors in the onset of heat strain. After collecting the questionnaires, the data were analyzed by applying Cronbach’sa calculation, factor analysis method, Pearson correlation and receiver operator characteristic curves using the SPSS 18 software. Results: The value for Cronbach's ? was found to be 0.68. The factor analysis method on items of draft questionnaire extracted three subscale (16 variables) which they explained 63.6% of the variance. According to the results of receiver operator characteristic curve analysis, the cut-off questionnaire score for separating people with heat strain from people with no heat strain was obtained to be 17. Conclusions: The results of this research indicated that this quantitative questionnaire has an acceptable reliability and validity, and a cut-off point. Therefore it could be used in the preliminary screening of heat strain in women in warm workplaces, when other heat stress evaluation methods are not available.

Dehghan, Habibollah; Habibi, Ehsanollah; Habibi, Peymaneh; Maracy, Mohammad Reza

2013-01-01

48

Correlation between single limb support phase and self-evaluation questionnaires in knee osteoarthritis populations  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To investigate the correlation between single limb support (SLS) phase (% of gait cycle) and the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Health Survey) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Method. A prospective observational study was employed with 125 adults with bilateral medial compartment symptomatic knee OA who underwent a physical and radiographic evaluation. Velocity, step length and SLS were assessed by a computerised mat (GAITRite). Patients completed the WOMAC and SF-36 Health Survey questionnaires. Results. Statistical analysis examined the correlations between SLS and both questionnaires, between Kellgren & Lawrence (K&L) scores and both questionnaires and between SLS correlations and K&L correlations. We found significantly stronger correlations between SLS and WOMAC-pain, WOMAC-function, the SF-36 pain sub-category, velocity and step length than between K&L scores and these parameters (Pearson's r— 0.50 vs. 0.26, 0.53 vs. 0.34, 0.50 vs. 023, 0.81 vs. 0.33, 0.77 vs. 0.37, respectively; all p 5 0.05). Significant differences in SLS were found over WOMAC-pain, WOMAC-function and SF-36 overall score quartiles (p 5 0.05 for all). Conclusion. We recommend integrating SLS as an objective parameter in the comprehensive evaluation of patients with knee OA.

DEBI, RONEN; MOR, AMIT; SEGAL, GANIT; SEGAL, OFER; AGAR, GABRIEL; DEBBI, EYTAN; HALPERIN, NAHUM; HAIM, AMIR; ELBAZ, AVI

2011-01-01

49

Development and Evaluation of the Parental Beliefs about Anxiety Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although numerous parental styles, practices, behaviors, and beliefs have been linked to childhood anxiety, specific parental\\u000a cognitions that are concurrently associated with parental and child anxiety have yet to be operationalized and measured in\\u000a a single instrument. This investigation describes the development of a parent-report questionnaire designed to assess parental\\u000a beliefs about their child’s anxiety, namely the Parental Beliefs about

Sarah E. Francis; Bruce F. Chorpita

2010-01-01

50

Evaluation of the Nutrition Services for the Elderly Questionnaires, Volume V.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the fifth volume of an evaluation report on the Nutrition Services for the Elderly program. It contains the questionnaires used by the researchers in executing the evaluation and is intended as a resource volume. The questionnaires derive from the...

1983-01-01

51

Translation and validation of the Danish version of the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation questionnaire.  

PubMed

Abstract The need for validated outcome measures is increasing. The purpose is to translate and validate the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) in Danish. Translation was done by an expert panel followed by evaluation of a lay panel and a field test on 10 patients. Sixty patients with wrist fractures were included. Both lay panel comments and field test revealed issues not dealt with by the expert panel, and a final version of the Danish PRWE was made. The validation process then continued and reliability results. were presented as Cronbach's alpha = 0.94, describing the homogeneity and the intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88 and difference of mean = 5.7 (CI = 1.12-10.37, p = 0.017), describing the concordance of the results. Convergent validity at first and last control was for pain, 0.51 and 0.46, and physical mobility, 0.56 and 0.64, respectively, describing the correlation with a gold standard questionnaire. A minor floor effect was noticed, but not enough to indicate a lack of sensitivity of the PRWE. Effect size, the ability to measure sensitivity to change, was 0.62, also described as responsiveness. The translation resulted in a questionnaire that represents correct easy-understandable Danish. It is concluded that the modified Danish version is a valid questionnaire for patients with wrist fractures. PMID:23596992

Schønnemann, Jesper O; Hansen, Torben B; Søballe, Kjeld

2013-04-18

52

Chronic depression: development and evaluation of the luebeck questionnaire for recording preoperational thinking (LQPT)  

PubMed Central

Background A standardized instrument for recording the specific cognitive psychopathology of chronically depressed patients has not yet been developed. Up until now, preoperational thinking of chronically depressed patients has only been described in case studies, or through the external observations of therapists. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a standardized self-assessment instrument for measuring preoperational thinking that sufficiently conforms to the quality criteria for test theory. Methods The "Luebeck Questionnaire for Recording Preoperational Thinking (LQPT)" was developed and evaluated using a german sample consisting of 30 episodically depressed, 30 chronically depressed and 30 healthy volunteers. As an initial step the questionnaire was subjected to an item analysis and a final test form was compiled. In a second step, reliability and validity tests were performed. Results Overall, the results of this study showed that the LQPT is a useful, reliable and valid instrument. The reliability (split-half reliability 0.885; internal consistency 0.901) and the correlations with other instruments for measuring related constructs (control beliefs, interpersonal problems, stress management) proved to be satisfactory. Chronically depressed patients, episodically depressed patients and healthy volunteers could be distinguished from one another in a statistically significant manner (p < 0.001). Conclusion The questionnaire fulfilled the classical test quality criteria. With the LQPT there is an opportunity to test the theory underlying the CBASP model.

2011-01-01

53

Evaluation of the medical curriculum: why, when, by whom and for whom should questionnaires be used.  

PubMed

The undergraduate medical curriculum has been modified or even totally reorganized in many countries in recent years, and there are plans to make departmental budgets and the salaries of university professors partially dependent on the outcome of teaching. Questionnaires are often used in such situations as a means of curriculum evaluation. Based on our own experience such evaluations should be done not only during and immediately after a course in the curriculum, but also at later time points, e.g., at the end of the undergraduate and also the postgraduate phase. The clinical relevance of lectures and courses can only be graded adequately after some years of clinical experience. Gross anatomy was graded top at all time points evaluated and reached higher levels of 'clinical relevance' than other typical preclinical and even clinical subjects. Efforts should be made to obtain a high response rate for representative results. After modifying parts of a course detailed questionnaires should also include space for students' suggestions. The results of such evaluations are not only relevant to the head of department as feedback on the individual lecturers but also important for the curriculum committee and the dean. Anatomists should utilize these evaluations to improve teaching. PMID:11880942

Pabst, R; Nave, H; Rothkötter, H J; Tschernig, T

2001-10-01

54

HRQoL questionnaire evaluation in lactose intolerant patients with adverse reactions to foods.  

PubMed

The occurrence of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms attributed either to food allergy or intolerance has significantly increased. Nevertheless, an accurate and detailed case history, a systematic evaluation and the outcomes of specific allergy tests to identify the offending foods, including "in vivo" and "in vitro" allergy tests, are often negative for food allergy and may indicate a lactose intolerance, which is a recurrent condition affecting about 50% of adults. The aims of our study were the following: (1) What is the real incidence of the food hypersensitivity and the primary lactose intolerance in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms, initially referred to allergy or food intolerance? (2) Does lactose intolerance affect the quality of life and compliance to the therapy program? We investigated 262 consecutive patients, 72 men and 190 women. An accurate and detailed history and clinical examination were completed to investigate the offending foods. The evaluation in each patient included: allergy tests, lactose H2 breath test (LHBT) and the HRQoL questionnaire. Five years after the diagnosis of lactose intolerance, a questionnaire on the persistence of gastrointestinal symptoms after lactose ingestion and the diet compliance was distributed. Our results demonstrate an high prevalence of lactose intolerance, more frequent in women; in these patients, bloating and diarrhea are the most reported symptoms. We observe only a significant positive correlation between adverse drug reaction (ADR) and LHBT+ patients, but not an augmented prevalence of food allergy and a negative impact on the HRQoL questionnaire of lactose intolerance. PMID:21614464

Erminia, Ridolo; Ilaria, Baiardini; Tiziana, Meschi; Silvia, Peveri; Antonio, Nouvenne; Pierpaolo, Dall'Aglio; Loris, Borghi

2011-05-26

55

Cognitive research enhances accuracy of food frequency questionnaire reports: results of an experimental validation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To test whether changing a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) on the basis of cognitive theory and testing results in greater accuracy. Accuracy was examined for 4 design issues: a) Grouping: asking about foods in a single vs multiple separate questions; b) different forms of a food: asking consumption frequency of each form of a food (eg, skim, 2%, whole

FRANCES E. THOMPSON; AMY F. SUBAR; CHARLES C. BROWN; ALBERT F. SMITH; CAROLYN O. SHARBAUGH; JARED B. JOBE; BETH MITTL; JAMES T. GIBSON; REGINA G. ZIEGLER

2002-01-01

56

[Validated translation to Spanish of the evaluation questionnaire of patients with restless legs syndrome.].  

PubMed

Introduction. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensory- motor condition, characterised by the irresistible need to move the legs while sitting or lying down, usually presenting late in the day, from the end of the afternoon into the night. Objective. To describe the translation process to Spanish of three different research RLS tools: the diagnosis criteria, the Practitioner Screening Questionnaire and the Basic Set of Questions for Epidemiological Studies. A procedure is proposed for the translation of these tools into other languages. Methods. The back translation method was employed. Five translators took part: two translated into their mother tongue and two into their foreign tongue, and once the translations were completed, a fifth independent translator introduced the changes using his mother tongue. Two expert analysts determined the equivalence between the original questionnaire and the translation. The clarity of the translated questionnaires was evaluated in a sample of students, who completed these themselves, and in RLS patients, for whom the doctor(s) or another authorised person filled them out. Results. The procedure undertaken varied according as to how each instrument were to be used either by health care professionals (diagnosis criteria) or to obtain information from patients (the questionnaire being directly completed by the patient directly or indirectly by a health care professional). No significant differences between the original and the translation of the practitioner screening questionnaire and the basic set of questions for epidemiological studies were found. The translators aimed to maintain concept equivalence function and validity of the original instrument were preserved in the trans lation. The same terminology was employed in the di fferent translations to make sure they were all consistent should they be used together. The Spanish version of the practitioner screening questionnaire has added terms to the first item by providing examples of sensations to ensure its understanding by patients from different parts of Spain. Conclusions. Spanish translated versions of three different questionnaires have been obtained to be used for RLS assessment in Spain, following appropriate psychometric validation. The instrument translated in the third place showed the closest equivalence with original. PMID:20340058

García-Borreguero, D; Lahuerta-Dal Ré, Jm; Albares, J; Zaragoza, S; de Gracia, M

2009-12-01

57

A Psychometric Evaluation of the Family Rules From the Past Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes an initial psychometric evaluation of a new 15–item self-report instrument, the Family Rules from the Past questionnaire (FRP), which measures perceived dysfunctional rules from the past. Reliability and validity tests were conducted including a factor analysis to determine the underlying dimensions of the FRP. A sample of 943 young adults completed the FRP, a demographic questionnaire, and

Jeffry H. Larson; Amy A. Parks; James M. Harper; Vaughn A. Heath

2001-01-01

58

Environmental education curriculum evaluation questionnaire: A reliability and validity study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intention of this research project was to bridge the gap between social science research and application to the environmental domain through the development of a theoretically derived instrument designed to give educators a template by which to evaluate environmental education curricula. The theoretical base for instrument development was provided by several developmental theories such as Piaget's theory of cognitive

Daphne Diane Minner

1997-01-01

59

Questionnaires for Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG) Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fourth in a series of volumes designed to develop an evaluation design for the Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG) program, this volume consists of a set of data collection instruments to be administered to various public officials, agency staff, and pr...

D. Culp L. Haydon G. Reigeluth N. Rockler J. Tilney

1981-01-01

60

Attitudes of patients one year after vasectomy: results of 355 of 1,000 questionnaires.  

PubMed

The results of 355 questionnaires are reported, returned one or more years after vasectomy from 1,000 consecutive patients undergoing vasectomies performed by the author from 1959 to 1972. A majority claimed either unchanged or improved health, satisfaction with sexual relations, and frequency of sexual intercourse; 99.5 per cent were satisfied with the operation and in retrospect 96.7 per cent would have the operation again. PMID:1162809

Moss, W M

1975-09-01

61

Evaluation and revision of questionnaires for use among low-literacy immigrant Latinos  

PubMed Central

As more Spanish speaking immigrants participate in and become the focus of research studies, questions arise about the appropriateness of existing research tools. Questionnaires have often been adapted from English language instruments and tested among college- educated Hispanic-Americans. Little has been written regarding the testing and evaluation of research tools among less educated Latino immigrants. The purpose of this study was to revise and evaluate the appropriateness of a battery of existing Spanish-language questionnaires for a physical activity intervention for immigrant Hispanic women. A three-step process was utilized to evaluate, adapt and test Spanish versions of the Self-Efficacy and Exercise Habits Survey, an abbreviated version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory-Immigrant version and the Latina Values Scale. The revised tools demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability. The adaptations improved the readability of the tools, resulting in a greater response rate, less missing data and fewer extreme responses. Psychometric limitations to the adaptation of Likert scales are discussed.

D'Alonzo, Karen T.

2011-01-01

62

Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Spirituality has become a subject of interest in health care as it is was recognized to have the potential to prevent, heal or cope with illness. There is less doubt that values and goals are important contributors to life satisfaction, physical and psychological health, and that goals are what gives meaning and purpose to people's lives. However, there is as yet but limited understanding of how patients themselves view the impact of spirituality on their health and well-being, and whether they are convinced that their illness may have "meaning" to them. To raise these questions and to more precisely survey the basic attitudes of patients with severe diseases towards spirituality/religiosity (SpR) and their adjustment to their illness, we developed the SpREUK questionnaire. Methods In order to re-validate our previously described SpREUK instrument, reliability and factor analysis of the new inventory (Version 1.1) were performed according to the standard procedures. The test sample contained 257 German subjects (53.3 ± 13.4 years) with cancer (51%), multiple sclerosis (24%), other chronic diseases (16%) and patients with acute diseases (7%). Results As some items of the SpREUK construct require a positive attitude towards SpR, these items (item pool 2) were separated from the others (item pool 1). The reliability of the 15-item the construct derived from the item pool 1 respectively the 14-item construct which refers to the item pool 2 both had a good quality (Cronbach's alpha = 0.9065 resp. 0.9525). Factor analysis of item pool 1 resulted in a 3-factor solution (i.e. the 6-item sub-scale 1: "Search for meaningful support"; the 6-item sub-scale 2: "Positive interpretation of disease"; and the 3-item sub-scale 3: "Trust in external guidance") which explains 53.8% of variance. Factor analysis of item pool 2 pointed to a 2-factor solution (i.e. the 10-item sub-scale 4: "Support in relations with the External life through SpR" and the 4-item sub-scale 5: "Support of the Internality through SpR") which explains 58.8% of variance. Generally, women had significantly higher SpREUK scores than male patients. Univariate variance analyses revealed significant associations between the sub-scales and SpR attitude and the educational level. Conclusions The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK 1.1 questionnaire indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of distinct topics of SpR that may be especially useful of assessing the role of SpR in health related research. The instrument appears to be a good choice for assessing a patients interest in spiritual concerns which is not biased for or against a particular religious commitment. Moreover it addresses the topic of "positive reinterpretation of disease" which seems to be of outstanding importance for patients with life-changing diseases.

Bussing, Arndt; Ostermann, Thomas; Matthiessen, Peter F

2005-01-01

63

A further evaluation of The Aggression Questionnaire: Issues of validity and reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the four scales from Buss and Perry's (1992, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452–459) Aggression Questionnaire was conducted. Examined was the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, the influence of social desirability, and the interrelationships with other measures of aggression. The results suggest that the four scales of The Aggression Questionnaire have moderate to high internal consistencies

Julie Aitken Harris

1997-01-01

64

Evaluation of the Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges in Black Light Smokers  

PubMed Central

Introduction: This study evaluated the factor structure of the Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU-Brief) within a sample of Black light smokers (1–10 cigarettes per day). Methods: The QSU-Brief was administered to 540 (mean age = 46.5; 66.1% women) urban Black light smokers upon entering a smoking cessation clinical trial. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to evaluate the factor structure of this 10-item measure. Results: An EFA indicated that as in other samples, the construct of craving in a Black sample is defined by 2 factors; 1 factor emphasizing the positive reinforcement of smoking and the other factor emphasizing the negative reinforcement properties of smoking. Conclusions: Findings largely replicate a 2-factor structure of craving seen in smokers from other racial/ethnic groups, demonstrating the clinical utility of the QSU-Brief in measuring craving in Black light smokers.

Clausius, Rebecca L.; Krebill, Ron; Mayo, Matthew S.; Bronars, Carrie; Martin, Laura; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2012-01-01

65

Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ): Part 2. Endorsement of the alternative item  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  A new self-administered questionnaire as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy was drawn up in Part 1 (Japanese\\u000a Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, JOACMEQ). Because a question with regard to driving\\u000a a car (C-41) was not suitable for this patient group, the authors composed an alternative question related to neck motion\\u000a (C-41-2). The purposes of the present

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shin-ichi Kikuchi; Shin-ichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

66

Psychometric Evaluation of the Insomnia Symptom Questionnaire: a Self-report Measure to Identify Chronic Insomnia  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: The objective was to psychometrically evaluate the Insomnia Symptom Questionnaire (ISQ), a self-report instrument designed to establish a clinically relevant case definition of insomnia consistent with widely used insomnia classification criteria, using methods from classical test theory and item response theory (IRT). Methods: The ISQ was evaluated using IRT algorithms in a cohort of 362 pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women recruited for the SWAN (Study of Women's Health Across the Nation) Sleep Study. This yielded a dichotomous outcome consistent with the presence/absence of insomnia. The internal consistency and criterion validity of the dichotomized ISQ were compared to traditional measures of sleep from sleep diaries, polysomnography, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index using kappa statistics, and indices of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV), and likelihood ratio tests (LRs). Results: The ISQ identified 9.8% of the sample as meeting insomnia, consistent with established diagnostic criteria. Reliability was established with Cronbach ? (? = 0.89). The ISQ had high specificity (> 90%), but sensitivity, PPV, NPV, and LRs varied according to which sleep measure was used. Concurrent validity was not confirmed with any of the traditional sleep summary measures (kappas < 0.30). Conclusions: The ISQ captures the multidimensionality of insomnia better than traditional sleep measures as it ascertains symptoms of insomnia that are based on DSM-IV and RDC criteria. The high specificities suggest that the ISQ has a high probability of correctly identifying those without insomnia and would be a cost-effective tool in large observational studies in which the prevalence of insomnia is likely to be about 10%. Further evaluation of the ISQ, including validation against clinical interviews, is warranted. Citation: Okun ML; Kravitz HM; Sowers MF; Moul DE; Buysse DJ; Hall M. Psychometric evaluation of the insomnia symptom questionnaire: a self-report measure to identify chronic insomnia. J Clin Sleep Med 2009;5(1):41–51.

Okun, Michele L.; Kravitz, Howard M.; Sowers, Mary Fran; Moul, Douglas E.; Buysse, Daniel J.; Hall, Martica

2009-01-01

67

The Adolescent Risk-Taking QuestionnaireDevelopment and Psychometric Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared to other life periods, adolescence is characterized by a heightened potential for risky behaviors. This study reports the systematic development and psychometric evaluation of a comprehensive Adolescent Risk-Taking Questionnaire (ARQ). It was developed using reports of 570 adolescents and was psychometrically evaluated with a sample of 925 adolescents between 11 and 18 years of age. Principal components analyses yielded

Eleonora Gullone; Susan Moore; Simon Moss; Candice Boyd

2000-01-01

68

Raising future forensic pathologists (first report): results of a preliminary questionnaire survey.  

PubMed

The shortage of future forensic pathologists is a serious problem both in Japan and overseas. In Japan, however, factors such as government budget cuts and increasing the autopsy rates, make the condition even worse. In an attempt to improve this situation, we implemented a questionnaire survey to investigate the particular features necessary when selecting a career in forensic medicine. As a preliminary study, we sent the questionnaire along with an anonymous answer sheet to all forensic pathologists with a degree in medicine M.D., who were affiliated with universities in Hokkaido and the Tohoku district of Japan as of August 2011. Thirteen physicians in nine universities (response rate 77.8%) returned the answer sheet. Characteristics of participants are listed below: years of experience, board specialty and number of years as board certified specialists, percentage of work effort spent on autopsy practice, the time when they decided to work as a forensic pathologist, the time when to best recommend forensic pathologist as a career, and crucial factors in choosing the specialty of forensic medicine. As a result of this research, we've revealed the importance of undergraduate medical education or the effect on the role models. Furthermore, we've also extracted miscellaneous comments, such as standardization of minimum requirements. In our study, we' ve found some clues to increase future candidates in the field forensic medicine. However, we must collect further samples for our questionnaire survey to validate the study, and, as a future project, we must also address this problem at the congress of forensic medicine. PMID:23016267

Murakami, Manabu; Matoba, Kotaro; Terazawa, Koichi

2012-08-01

69

Caregiving in severe mental illness: the psychometric properties of the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire in Portugal  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the achievements of previous research, caregiving assessments in severe mental illness should be crossculturally validated in order to define risk groups or to evaluate family work. This study reports on the psychometric properties of the European version of the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ-EU) in Portugal. Methods A Portuguese translation of the IEQ-EU was developed according to the 'European Psychiatric Services: Inputs Linked to Outcome Domains and Needs' (EPSILON) group guidelines. We then studied 194 caregivers who were related to patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in psychiatric outpatient services. All relatives were assessed using the IEQ-EU. In order to describe the corresponding patients' sample, the majority (n = 162) was evaluated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS II); 108 patients were also assessed with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). Results The factor structure of the Portuguese version of the questionnaire was similar to the original; internal consistency was good, with Cronbach's ? ranging from 0.71 to 0.87 in the IEQ-EU scales (total score and domains: tension, supervision, worrying, urging); test-retest reliability yielded intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) from 0.80 to 0.94, concerning the same scores. Ecological validity was confirmed. Most caregiving consequences were reported on the worrying domain of the IEQ-EU. Conclusions Validity and reliability of the Portuguese IEQ-EU translation were established. Specifically the four IEQ-EU subscale domains seem to be valid in Portugal.

2012-01-01

70

Adolescent stress: evaluation of the factor structure of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-N).  

PubMed

The present study reports an evaluation of the factor structure of the Norwegian version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-N) among 723 students. Principal components analysis (PCA) revealed nine internally consistent dimensions of adolescent stress. Scales constructed from this PCA correlated positively with measures of depression and anxiety and negatively with self-esteem. Girls reported higher stress levels than boys in seven of the nine scales and age was also positively correlated with the scale scores of adolescent stress. The results revealed that the instrument has potential for measuring adolescent stress. The stability of the ASQ-N needs to be tested repeatedly, across cohorts and over time, to establish the adequacy for use in Norwegian adolescent studies. PMID:20149144

Moksnes, Unni Karin; Byrne, Don G; Mazanov, Jason; Espnes, Geir Arild

2010-02-08

71

[Are parents satisfied with school psychology counseling? Evaluation of a parent questionnaire].  

PubMed

57 former clients (parents) of a school psychologist completed an eight-item questionnaire, which was mailed to them, asking about their satisfaction with the counseling, based on the German translation of the CSQ-8 (Larsen et al. 1979). 38 of the respondents had been prepared for the arrival of the questionnaire through a telephone call asking for their cooperation. The remainder (n = 19) had not been phoned or otherwise prepared. The problem of response rate is mentioned. The results of the parents questionnaire are described and their meaning with regard to improvement of the work and the comparability of counseling institutions are discussed. PMID:1570274

Häring, H G; Hüsing, A

1992-02-01

72

Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric functioning of the BAQ: (1) across key phases of pregnancy, and (2) between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods A total of 176 pregnant women from Melbourne, Victoria filled out a questionnaire battery containing demographic questions and the Body Attitudes Questionnaire at 16, 24, and 32 weeks during pregnancy. A comparison group of 148 non-pregnant women also completed the questionnaire battery at Time 1. Evaluations of the psychometric properties of the BAQ consisted of a series of measurement invariance tests conducted within a structural equation modelling framework. Results Although the internal consistency and factorial validity of the subscales of the BAQ were established across time and also in comparisons between pregnant and non-pregnant women, measurement invariance tests showed non-invariant item intercepts across pregnancy and also in comparison with the non-pregnant subgroup. Inspection of modification indices revealed a complex, non-uniform pattern of differences in item intercepts across groups. Conclusions Collectively, our findings suggest that comparisons of body dissatisfaction between pregnant and non-pregnant women (at least based on the BAQ) are likely to be conflated by differential measurement biases that serve to undermine attempts to accurately assess level of body dissatisfaction. Researchers should be cautious in assessments of body dissatisfaction among pregnant women until a suitable measure has been established for use in this population. Given the fact that body dissatisfaction is often associated with maladaptive behaviours, such as unhealthy eating and extreme weight loss behaviours, and with ante-and post-natal depression, that have serious negative implications for women’s health and well-being, and potentially also for the unborn foetus during pregnancy, developing a suitable body image screening tool, specific to the perinatal period is clearly warranted.

2012-01-01

73

Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in 32 countries. Review of the general methodology.  

PubMed

The aim of this project was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the American English version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and of the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in the 32 different member countries of the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO). This effort forms part of an international study supported by the European Union to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) as compared to their healthy peers. A total of 6,644 subjects were enrolled from 32 countries: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Korea, Latvia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia. A total of 3,235 patients had JIA (20% systemic onset, 33% polyarticular onset, 17% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 30% persistent oligoarticular subtype) while 3,409 were healthy children. This introductory paper describes the methodology used by all the participants. The results and the translated version of both the CHAQ and the CHQ for each country are fully reported in the following papers. The results of the present study show that cross-cultural adaptation is a valid process to obtain reliable instruments for the different socio-economic and socio-demographic conditions of the countries participating in the project. PMID:11510308

Ruperto, N; Ravelli, A; Pistorio, A; Malattia, C; Cavuto, S; Gado-West, L; Tortorelli, A; Landgraf, J M; Singh, G; Martini, A

74

Preliminary Evaluation of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire Short Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite advances in child maltreatment research, accurate measurement of exposure remains a key issue. In this study, we evaluated a short form (CEVQ-SF) of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire (CEVQ) in a sample of adolescents involved with child protection services in an urban city in Ontario, Canada. Focusing on the two most…

Tanaka, Masako; Wekerle, Christine; Leung, Eman; Waechter, Randall; Gonzalez, Andrea; Jamieson, Ellen; MacMillan, Harriet L.

2012-01-01

75

Measuring the meaning of life for patients with incurable cancer: The life evaluation questionnaire (LEQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical observation, systematic research and popular anecdote indicate that, when confronted by death, people change the criteria by which they evaluate their lives. Questionnaires used routinely to assess quality of life in people with poor-prognosis cancer tend to be symptom-based and do not assess factors which become important when confronted by fatal illness, such as the meaning of life and

P. Salmon; F. Manzi; R. M. Valori

1996-01-01

76

A Psychometric Evaluation of the Pain Response Preference Questionnaire in a Chronic Pain Patient Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The Pain Response Preference Questionnaire (PRPQ) assesses preferences regarding pain-related social support. The initial factor analytic study of the PRPQ conducted with a nonclinical sample identified scales labeled Solicitude, Management, Suppression, and Encouragement. The first aim of the current study was to evaluate whether these scales would be appropriate for use with chronic pain patients. The construct validity of

Lachlan A. McWilliams; Bruce D. Dick; Kristen Bailey; Michelle J. Verrier; John Kowal

2012-01-01

77

Development and Evaluation of a Questionnaire to Assess Physical Educators' Knowledge of Student Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this pilot study was to develop and evaluate an instrument for measuring Greek elementary physical educators' knowledge of student assessment. A multiple-choice questionnaire comprised of items about concepts, methods, tools, and types of student assessment in physical education was designed and tested. The initial 35-item…

Emmanouilidou, Kyriaki; Derri, Vassiliki; Aggelousis, Nicolaos; Vassiliadou, Olga

2012-01-01

78

Evaluation of the brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU-BRIEF) in laboratory and clinical settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief, 10-item version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; Tiffany & Drobes, 1991) was administered to 221 active cigarette smokers in a laboratory setting (Study 1) and to 112 smokers entering a comprehensive smoking cessation program (Study 2). In the laboratory setting, craving to smoke was evaluated in response to neutral- and smoking-related stimuli. In the clinical setting,

Lisa Sanderson Cox

1998-01-01

79

Apologetic Behavior Among Female AthletesA New Questionnaire and Initial Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies that report apologetic behavior by female athletes employ observation or in-depth interviews. Although these studies provide great insight, they do not enable us to systematically compare apologetic behavior across a wide variety of athletes, sports, geographical locations, and time periods. The authors developed a questionnaire for such comparative purposes. The authors then used this questionnaire to study apologetic

Laurel R. Davis-Delano; April Pollock; Jennifer Ellsworth Vose

2009-01-01

80

European attitudes towards ethical problems in intensive care medicine: Results of an ethical questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire was sent to the 590 members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine to define both the current practices and the opinions of these specialists on various ethical issues. The answers from 242 (41%) European members were collected and analysed. The first part of the questionnaire was designed to define the criteria for admission to Intensive Care

J. L. Vincent

1990-01-01

81

Mathematics Education Values Questionnaire for Turkish Preservice Mathematics Teachers: Design, Validation, and Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire that could measure preservice mathematics teachers' mathematics educational values. Development and validation of the questionnaire involved a sequential inquiry in which design principles were established from the existing literature and a pool of items was constructed then submitted to…

Dede, Yuksel

2011-01-01

82

Occupational health risks of pathologists - results from a nationwide online questionnaire in Switzerland  

PubMed Central

Background Pathologists are highly trained medical professionals who play an essential part in the diagnosis and therapy planning of malignancies and inflammatory diseases. Their work is associated with potential health hazards including injuries involving infectious human tissue, chemicals which are assumed to be carcinogenic or long periods of microscope and computer work. This study aimed to provide the first comprehensive assessment of the health situation of pathologists in Switzerland. Methods Pathologists in Switzerland were contacted via the Swiss Society of Pathologists and asked to answer an ethically approved, online anonymous questionnaire comprising 48 questions on occupational health problems, workplace characteristics and health behaviour. Results 163 pathologists participated in the study. Forty percent of pathologists reported musculoskeletal problems in the previous month. The overall prevalence was 76%. Almost 90% of pathologists had visual refraction errors, mainly myopia. 83% of pathologists had experienced occupational injuries, mostly cutting injuries, in their professional career; more than one fifth of participants reported cutting injuries in the last year. However, long lasting injuries and infectious diseases were rare. Depression and burnout affected every eighth pathologist. The prevalence of smoking was substantially below that of the general Swiss population. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that more care should be taken in technical and personal protective measures, ergonomic workplace optimisation and reduction of work overload and work inefficiencies. Despite the described health risks, Swiss pathologists were optimistic about their future and their working situation. The high rate of ametropia and psychological problems warrants further study.

2012-01-01

83

Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Italian version of the depression attitude questionnaire (DAQ).  

PubMed

Aims. To validate the Italian version of the 'depression attitude questionnaire' (DAQ), to assess its psychometric properties and to evaluate the primary care physicians' (PCPs) opinion and attitude towards depression. Methods. An Italian version of the DAQ was created and then administered to a representative sample of PCPs working in the Emilia-Romagna region. Results. The findings derived from the Italian version of the DAQ indicated a three-factor solution (professional confidence, negative viewpoint and biological stance), broadly similar to previous studies and with acceptable fit indices. Our results showed that the PCPs consider depression as an increasingly important issue for their daily clinical practice. A large majority of them believed in the effectiveness of antidepressants and considered psychopharmacological treatment as appropriate for the PCPs to undertake. However, most PCP respondents thought that psychotherapy should be left to the specialists. Our findings suggest a prevalent orientation to the biochemical aspects of depression and the use of antidepressant treatment. Conclusions. The PCPs' attitude and opinion towards depression is an important aspect of their understanding and response to this common and disabling condition. The Italian version of the DAQ appears to be an appropriate and useful instrument to assist the understanding of the PCPs' views and potential need for further professional development. PMID:22793494

Sighinolfi, C; Norcini Pala, A; Casini, F; Haddad, M; Berardi, D; Menchetti, M

2012-05-08

84

Confirmatory factor analyses and reliability of the modified cigarette evaluation questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the validity and reliability of the modified Cigarette Evaluation Questionnaire (mCEQ) that assesses the degree to which subjects experience the reinforcing effects of smoking. Data came from three phase II clinical trials (n=626, n=627, n=312) on varenicline for smoking cessation. Comparative fit indexes and non-normed fit indexes from a confirmatory factor analysis exceeded 0.90. Cronbach's alpha for internal

Joseph C. Cappelleri; Andrew G. Bushmakin; Christine L. Baker; Elizabeth Merikle; Abayomi O. Olufade; David G. Gilbert

2007-01-01

85

Evaluation of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to estimate iodine intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used to assess the dietary intake of iodine.Design: The iodine intake determined by the FFQ was compared with 4-day dietary records and with iodine excretion in 24 h urine samples in a subgroup of participants in a cross-sectional study of iodine intake and thyroid diseases in Denmark. Furthermore, the intake of fish

LB Rasmussen; L Ovesen; I Bülow; T Jørgensen; N Knudsen; P Laurberg; H Perrild

2001-01-01

86

Evaluation of Alternative Approaches to Assign Nutrient Values to Food Groups in Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although every food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) requires a nutrient database to produce nutrient intake estimates, it is often unclear how a particular database has been generated. Moreover, alternative methods for constructing a database have not been rigorously evaluated. Using 24-hour recalls from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals, the authors categorized 5,261 individual foods reported by 10,019

Amy F. Subar; Douglas Midthune; Martin Kulldorff; Charles C. Brown; Frances E. Thompson; Victor Kipnis; Arthur Schatzkin

87

Psychometric Evaluation of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire for Bariatric Surgery Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Despite increasing use of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) in bariatric surgery patients, little is known about the utility and psychometric performance of this self-report measure in this clinical group. The primary purpose of the current study was to evaluate the factor structure and construct validity of the EDE-Q in a large series of bariatric surgery candidates.Methods and Procedures:Participants were

Joshua I. Hrabosky; Marney A. White; Robin M. Masheb; Bruce S. Rothschild; Carolyn H. Burke-Martindale; Carlos M. Grilo

2008-01-01

88

The negative affect repair questionnaire: factor analysis and psychometric evaluation in three samples  

PubMed Central

Background Negative affect and difficulties in its regulation have been connected to several adverse psychological consequences. While several questionnaires exist, it would be important to have a theory-based measure that includes clinically relevant items and shows good psychometric properties in healthy and patient samples. This study aims at developing such a questionnaire, combining the two Gross [1] scales Reappraisal and Suppression with an additional response-focused scale called Externalizing Behavioral Strategies covering clinically relevant items. Methods The samples consisted of 684 students (mean age?=?23.3, SD?=?3.5; 53.6% female) and 369 persons with mixed mental disorders (mean age?=?36.0 SD?=?14.6; 71.2% female). Items for the questionnaire were derived from existing questionnaires and additional items were formulated based on suggestions by clinical experts. All items start with “When I don’t feel well, in order to feel better…”. Participants rated how frequently they used each strategy on a 5-point Likert scale. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were conducted to verify the factor structure in two separate student samples and a clinical sample. Group comparisons and correlations with other questionnaires were calculated to ensure validity. Results After modification, the CFA showed good model fit in all three samples. Reliability scores (Cronbach’s ?) for the three NARQ scales ranged between .71 and .80. Comparisons between students and persons with mental disorders showed the postulated relationships, as did comparisons between male and female students and persons with or without Borderline Personality Disorder. Correlations with other questionnaires suggest the NARQ’s construct validity. Conclusions The results indicate that the NARQ is a psychometrically sound and reliable measure with practical use for therapy planning and tracking of treatment outcome across time. We advocate the integration of the new response-focused strategy in the Gross’s model of emotion regulation.

2013-01-01

89

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. Results The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. Conclusion The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou, Mamas; Tsiantou, Vasiliki; Pavlakis, Andreas; Maniadakis, Nikos; Fragoulakis, Vasilis; Pavi, Elpida; Kyriopoulos, John

2009-01-01

90

Psychometric evaluation of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire and Visual Function Questionnaire Utility Index in patients with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25) and Visual Function Questionnaire Utility Index (VFQ-UI) in patients with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis. METHODS: Secondary analysis of pooled data from a 26-week, multicenter, masked, randomized, sham-controlled Phase 3 clinical trial. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the NEI VFQ-25, the EQ-5D, and SF-36. Internal consistency reliability, reproducibility, convergent validity, and known groups of BCVA and vitreous haze severity were assessed. Clinically significant difference was assessed using anchor-based and distribution-based methods. RESULTS: The study included 224 subjects with non-infectious intermediate (80.4 %) or posterior uveitis (19.6 %). The NEI VFQ-25 and the VFQ-UI demonstrated good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.87-0.94) and test-retest reliability (ICCs 0.58-0.88). Spearman's product-moment rank correlations between the NEI VFQ-25 and VFQ-UI scores and the SF-6D, EQ-5D, and BCVA ranged from small to moderate. There was a significant association between visual functioning and known groups of visual acuity (p < 0.05). Clinical significance, using the anchor-based method (difference between visual acuity groups ?10-<15 letter better and no change), was 10.2 for change from baseline to week 26 for the NEI VFQ-25 composite score and 0.05 for the VFQ-UI. Using the distribution-based method, the clinical significance was 3.86 for the composite score and 0.04 for the VFQ-UI. CONCLUSION: The NEI VFQ-25 and the VFQ-UI are reliable and valid measures of vision-related functioning and preference-based status in patients with non-infectious intermediate and posterior uveitis. PMID:23645458

Naik, Rupali K; Gries, Katharine S; Rentz, Anne M; Kowalski, Jonathan W; Revicki, Dennis A

2013-05-01

91

Results of the University of Oregon Student Transfer Questionnaire, 1982-83.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1983, a study was conducted to identify the problems and concerns of former Lane Community College (LCC) students who had transferred to the University of Oregon during the 1982-83 academic year. A five-page questionnaire was mailed to 312 former LCC students, requesting information on student characteristics, curriculum and…

Jordan, Sue A.

92

Do German General Practitioners Support Euthanasia? Results of a nation-wide questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To learn more about the attitudes of German general practitioners (GPs) concerning euthanasia and the frequency of its performance in Germany. Methods: 500 GPs from all parts of Germany were randomly selected from telephone listings, and were sent a postal questionnaire with anonymous return envelopes. Participants were asked to make decisions based on hypothetical scenarios involving terminally ill patients

Robin T Maitra; Anja Harfst; Lise M Bjerre; Michael M Kochen; Annette Becker

93

Scenario Use in European Software Organizations - Results from Site Visits and Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper, we report on our insights into today's industrial practice gained during 15 sitevisits at industrial systems development projects and from a questionnaire disseminated to alarger number of organizations. These efforts have been carried out as part of the long termresearch ESPRIT project CREWS (Cooperative Requirements Engineering With Scenarios).Our survey showed that usage of scenarios is widely adopted in

M. Jarke; K. Pohl; P. Haumer; K. Weidenhaupt; RWTH Aachen; E. Dubois; P. Heymans; FUNDP Namur; C. Rolland; C. Ben Achour; C. Cauvet; J. Ralyté; A. Sutcliffe; N. A. M. Maiden; S. Minocha

1997-01-01

94

The evaluation of supervision: construction of brief questionnaires for the supervisor and the supervisee.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of two parallel questionnaires (for the supervisor and supervisee, respectively). Ninety supervisees and 37 supervisors from different parts of Germany took part in the study. The three dimensions of clarifying, problem solving, and relationship were confirmed, but for both supervisor and supervisee versions of the scale medium intercorrelations also allowed a combined scale to be formed. In exploratory regression analysis, the relationship dimension related to both perspectives (i.e., supervisor and supervisee) served as the best predictor for overall supervision satisfaction. Despite the fact that general session satisfaction correlated in the medium range between supervisor and supervisee, there was no correlation between the perspectives as measured by the questionnaires. Possible reasons for this unexpected correlational pattern are discussed. PMID:19396650

Zarbock, Gerhard; Drews, Marko; Bodansky, Alexander; Dahme, Bernhard

2009-03-01

95

Self-reported injuries among seafarers. Questionnaire validity and results from an international study.  

PubMed

International surveys of occupational injuries among seafarers have so far been missing. It was the aim to test the method of self-report of injuries and length of time at risk during the latest duty period and second to study the injury incidence rate among seafarers by use of the method. A pilot study was conducted (n = 1068) in Finland, Denmark, the Philippines, Croatia and Spain using self-completed questionnaires with questions about the person, the ship, the duration of latest duty period and injuries. The duration of the self-reporting duty period was in the Danish part compared with information from the crew register of the Maritime Authority. For seafarers from merchant ships in the Danish sub-study there was acceptable correspondence between the information from the seafarers and the Maritime Authority, but not when referring to ferries and non-specified types of ship. Unadjusted and adjusted injury incidence rates-ratios (IRRs) based on number of injuries per number of work hours were calculated. Adjusted IRRs for ordinary seamen/officers: IRR = 2.43 (95% CI: 1.25-4.72); for age < 35/35+ years: IRR = 1.97 (1.02-3.81); length of tour: 117 days or longer compared with < 117 days: IRR = 0.46 (95% CI: 0.22-0.95); 57-70 working hours per week compared with < 57 h: IRR = 1.26 (0.48-3.29), 71+h compared with < 57 h: IRR = 2.12 (0.84-5.36). Non-significant IRRs >1.00 were found for ships under 10,000 GT compared with larger ships and for own flagged ships compared with ships under flag of convenience. In conclusion, more than 70 h of work per week was related to a higher rate of injuries for seafarers on merchant ships, but the result was not statistically significant. Self-report of the duration of the latest tour of duty is useful for seafarers from merchant ships with short-term employments, but not for ferries and other, non-specified types of ship with other or permanent employment. PMID:15003586

Jensen, Olaf C; Sørensen, Jens F L; Kaerlev, Linda; Canals, M Luisa; Nikolic, Nebojsa; Saarni, Heikki

2004-05-01

96

The ECOS-16 questionnaire for the evaluation of health related quality of life in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study is to validate the questionnaire ECOS-16 (Assessment of health related quality of life in osteoporosis) for the evaluation of health related quality of life (HRQoL) in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. Methods An observational, prospective and multi-centre study was carried out among post-menopausal women with osteoporosis in primary care centres and hospital outpatient clinics. All patients attended 2 visits: at baseline and at 6 months. In addition, the subgroup of outpatients attended another visit a month after the baseline to assess the test-retest reliability. The psychometric properties of the questionnaire were evaluated in terms of feasibility, validity (content validity and construct validity) and internal consistency in baseline, and in terms of test-retest reliability and responsiveness to change in visit at month and visit at 6 months, respectively. In all visits, ECOS-16, EUROQoL-5D (EQ-5D) and four 7-point items about health status (general health status, back pain, limitation in daily activities and emotional status) were administered, whereas only outpatients were given MINI-OQLQ (Mini Osteoporosis Quality of Life Questionnaire), besides all clinical variables; and sociodemographic variables at baseline. Results 316 women were consecutively included, 212 from primary care centres and 104 from hospital outpatient clinics. Feasibility: 94.3% of patients answered all items of the questionnaire. The mean administration time was 12.3 minutes. Validity: factor analysis suggested that the questionnaire was unidimensional. In the multivariate analysis, patients with vertebral fractures, co-morbidity and a lower education level showed to have worse HRQoL. Moderate to high correlations were found between the ECOS-16 score and the other health status questionnaires (0.47–0.82). Reliability: internal consistency (Cronbach's ?) was 0.92 and test-retest reliability (ICC) was 0.80. Responsiveness to change: ECOS-16 scores increased according to change perceived by the patient, as well as the effect size (ranges between 1.35 to 0.43), the greater the perception of change in patients' general health status, the greater the changes in patients' scores. The Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) suggested a change of 0.5 points in the ECOS-16 score, representing the least improvement in general health status due to their osteoporosis: "slightly better". Conclusion ECOS-16 has been proven preliminarily to have good psychometric properties, so that it can be potentially a useful tool to evaluate HRQoL of post-menopausal women with osteoporosis in research and routine clinical practice.

Badia, Xavier; Diez-Perez, Adolfo; Lahoz, Raquel; Lizan, Luis; Nogues, Xavier; Iborra, Jordi

2004-01-01

97

Reporting Results in Obesity Surgery: Evaluation of a Limited Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Perhaps the most difficult problem in evaluating results of obesity surgery is the lack of standards for comparison,\\u000a and the absence of consensus among professionals in definitions, classifications, and standard systems for reporting results,\\u000a particularly in the analysis of successes and failures. Methods: Evaluation of the answers to a questionnaire submitted to\\u000a 22 surgeons activity involved in the treatment

Horacio E. Oria

1996-01-01

98

Evaluating Training Programs: Development and Correlates of the Questionnaire for Professional Training Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Psychometrically sound evaluation measures are vital for examining the contribution of professional training to organizational success in a reliable manner. As training evaluations tend to be both time-consuming and labor-intensive, there is an increasing demand for economic evaluation inventories. Simultaneously, evaluation measures have to meet…

Grohmann, Anna; Kauffeld, Simone

2013-01-01

99

Evaluation of association between airway hyperresponsiveness, asthma control test, and asthma therapy assessment questionnaire in asthmatic children  

PubMed Central

Background Achieving asthma control is a major challenge in children, otherwise symptoms perception remain poor especially at this age. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between Asthma Control Test (ACTTM), Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire (ATAQTM) and exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB). Methods We studied 80 asthmatic children. Airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) was assessed by exercise-induced bronchospasm (Balke Protocol). Asthma control was evaluated using two questionnaires in all subjects: ACT (composed by Childhood-ACT and ACT) and ATAQ. In addition the use of short acting beta 2 agonist agents (SABAs) was assessed for each patient. Non-parametric variables were compared by Chi Square Test. Binomial logistic regression was performed to estimate the two questionnaires Odds Ratio (OR) in finding AHR. Results We have found that ATAQ has a sensitivity and a specificity of 0.72 and 0.45 respectively; instead, ACT has a sensitivity and a specificity of 0.5 and 0.39 respectively in evaluating AHR. Patients with uncontrolled asthma according to ATAQ revealed a significant higher percentage of AHR compared with ACT (72% vs 50%, p < 0.01). Confirming this finding, patients declaring uncontrolled asthma to ATAQ have a significantly higher percentage (34%) of frequent SABAs use than the group with uncontrolled asthma to ACT (21%) (p <0.01). Binomial logistic regression shows how a test revealing uncontrolled asthma is associated with the increasing odds of having AHR according to ATAQ (OR = 3.8, p = 0.05), not to ACT (OR = 0.2, p = 0.1). Conclusions Our results show that ATAQ reflects AHR and asthma control better than ACT. Children with uncontrolled asthma according to ATAQ have higher odds of having AHR and use of rescue medications (SABAs) compared to patients declaring uncontrolled asthma according to ACT. However both questionnaires are not sufficient alone to fully evaluate asthma control in children and it is always necessary to perform functional tests and investigate patients lifestyle, drug use and other important data that a simple questionnaire is not able to point out

2013-01-01

100

Evaluating the cultural validity of the stressful life events screening questionnaire.  

PubMed

Measures of psychological trauma are rarely evaluated for validity with disadvantaged populations. The authors used three qualitative methods to assess the cultural validity of the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire (SLESQ) with low-income African American women. Focus groups (n = 17), cognitive interviews (n = 20), and videotape reviews of SLESQ interviews were conducted (n = 16). Focus group participants spontaneously used similar language to the SLESQ items and tended to identify SLESQ events as traumatic. Most items were well understood in the interviews, with some criticism of wording. Tape reviews indicated little wording modification by interviewers. One item showed consistent problems. The interview was revised accordingly. PMID:17090693

Green, Bonnie L; Chung, Joyce Y; Daroowalla, Anahita; Kaltman, Stacey; Debenedictis, Caroline

2006-12-01

101

Prescription stimulant expectancies in recreational and medical users: results from a preliminary expectancy questionnaire.  

PubMed

Given the rise of prescription stimulant misuse, examination of effect expectancies could prove helpful. The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) was designed to explore positive and negative prescription stimulant-related expectancies. In 2006, 157 participants nationwide completed an Internet survey of prescription stimulant use, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, and expectancies. Multiple regressions demonstrate that positive, but not negative expectancies, predicted frequency of use. Recreational and medical users were classified by hierarchical cluster analysis. Recreational users reported fewer positive and negative expectancies than medical users. Implications and limitations are discussed. Future research is warranted on prescription stimulant expectancies and the utility of the PSEQ. PMID:19938932

Looby, Alison; Earleywine, Mitch

2009-01-01

102

A randomised controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of offering study results as an incentive to increase response rates to postal questionnaires [ISRCTN26118436  

PubMed Central

Background Postal questionnaires are widely used to collect outcome data on participants. However, a poor response to questionnaires will reduce the statistical power of the study and may introduce bias. A meta analysis of ten trials offering study results, largely in the fields of education and marketing, was shown to be ineffective, with the odds ratio for response with offering research findings is 0.92 (95% CI 0.75 to 1.11). However uncertainty still exists as it is uncertain whether results from such trials can be extrapolated to that of a health care setting. The aim of this study was to assess whether offering participants study results increases the response rates to postal questionnaires. Methods 1038 women aged over 70 years were remotely randomised by computer in a 3:1 ratio. 250 participants did not receive the offer of knowing the results of the trial and 788 participants were offered the results of the trial in a postal questionnaire. The main outcome measure was response rate. Chi square test was used to evaluate the overall differences in response rate between the two groups. An adjusted analysis, adjusting for whether the participant was taking calcium and age was also undertaken. Results The response rates were not significantly different Odds Ratio 0.88 (95% confidence intervals 0.48 to 1.63) p = 0.69. Conclusion Offering study results to women living in the community aged over 70 does not increase response rates to postal questionnaires. Although researchers have an ethical obligation to offer participants study results, since 10% of women did not wish to receive the results, investigators should give participants the option to opt out of receiving the study's results.

Cockayne, Sarah; Torgerson, David J

2005-01-01

103

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

104

Pronunciation-Specific Adjustment Strategies for Intelligibility in L2 Teacher Talk: Results and Implications of a Questionnaire Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire study was conducted to examine how 120 highly experienced EFL (English as a foreign language) teachers in Japan adjust their pronunciation in order to facilitate and refine their students' learning skills to approach mutual intelligibility in second language (L2) classrooms (i.e. "pronunciation-specific teacher talk"). The results

Saito, Kazuya; van Poeteren, Kim

2012-01-01

105

Does Social Desirability Bias Distort Results on the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire or the Identity Style Inventory?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to explore the potential effect of social desirability bias on two commonly used measures of identity. Participants (N = 80) completed the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ); the Identity Style Inventory, Revised (ISI3); and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale 2(10), a brief measure of social desirability. Results suggest that social desirability bias does not appear to

Tommy M. Phillips

2009-01-01

106

Persian Translation of Perception of Psychiatry Survey Questionnaire and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties  

PubMed Central

Objective Test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire, which is being used in a large multi-site international study, of which we were part. This instrument was designed to measure the attitudes of medical educators to psychiatry. Method We used World Health Organization guideline as the methodological model for Persian translation. The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 100 medical teachers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Azad University. The content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the instrument were assessed. Results No item changed completely during the process of translation and cultural adaptation. The content validity of translation and back translation was 0.74 and 0.86 according to Feliss Kappa Statistic. The Cronbach's ? coefficient was 0.76 for the Persian version and for its subdivisions ranged from 0.59 to 0.81. The inter class correlation (ICC) coefficient for test-retest reliability of the whole instrument was 0.89. Conclusion The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire could be considered as a good cross-cultural equivalent for original English version. The instrument is a reliable instrument in terms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

Artounian, Valentin; Shariati, Behnam; Amini, Homayoun; Salimi, Alireza

2012-01-01

107

Use of the Italian version of the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire in the daily practice: results of a prospective study  

PubMed Central

Background Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients. Among the numerous questionnaires aiming at evaluating asthma HRQL in children, the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) has proved to have good measurement properties. The present study was aimed at investigating the possible role of the Italian, self-administered version of the PAQLQ in the routine clinical evaluation of children affected by bronchial asthma. Methods 52 Italian children and adolescents (40 males and 12 females), aged 6 to 17 years, affected by allergic asthma, were enrolled. Each patient was evaluated twice, and at each visit asthma control and severity were assessed, spirometry was performed and the patients completed the self-administered version of the PAQLQ. Results The questionnaire was well-accepted and understood by the children. Children showed an overall good quality of life, with mild impairment in the activity and emotional function domains. The PAQLQ showed an overall good correlation with the clinical and functional indexes that are normally evaluated in follow-up visits of asthmatic patients. The PAQLQ appeared to be strongly related to asthma control, both at the first (p < 0.01) and second (p < 0.001) time of the study. The PAQLQ was also seen to decrease with increasing asthma severity. The results suggest a better compliance of the children towards completion of the questionnaire at t1. Finally, the PAQLQ does not appear to discriminate HRQL in patients with good lung function. Conclusion The Italian version of the PAQLQ is a quick-to-administer aid to clinical activity and can add valuable information to symptom reports, objective measurements and clinical assessment of asthma control and severity in daily clinical practice. Re-administration at each follow-up visit allows HRQL to be monitored over time.

Ricci, Giampaolo; Dondi, Arianna; Baldi, Elena; Bendandi, Barbara; Giannetti, Arianna; Masi, Massimo

2009-01-01

108

Predicting Residential Air Exchange Rates from Questionnaires and Meteorology: Model Evaluation in Central North Carolina  

PubMed Central

A critical aspect of air pollution exposure models is the estimation of the air exchange rate (AER) of individual homes, where people spend most of their time. The AER, which is the airflow into and out of a building, is a primary mechanism for entry of outdoor air pollutants and removal of indoor source emissions. The mechanistic Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) AER model was linked to a leakage area model to predict AER from questionnaires and meteorology. The LBL model was also extended to include natural ventilation (LBLX). Using literature-reported parameter values, AER predictions from LBL and LBLX models were compared to data from 642 daily AER measurements across 31 detached homes in central North Carolina, with corresponding questionnaires and meteorological observations. Data was collected on seven consecutive days during each of four consecutive seasons. For the individual model-predicted and measured AER, the median absolute difference was 43% (0.17 h?1) and 40% (0.17 h?1) for the LBL and LBLX models, respectively. Additionally, a literature-reported empirical scale factor (SF) AER model was evaluated, which showed a median absolute difference of 50% (0.25 h?1). The capability of the LBL, LBLX, and SF models could help reduce the AER uncertainty in air pollution exposure models used to develop exposure metrics for health studies.

2010-01-01

109

[Perceptions of dental fluorosis and evaluation of agreement between parents and children: validation of a questionnaire].  

PubMed

This study aimed to validate the Child's and Parent's Questionnaire about Teeth Appearance and to evaluate concerns relative to fluorosis among 213 pairs of parents and 12-year-old children from two regions of Brazil. Reliability was assessed by Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient, and construct and criterion validity by Spearman's correlations. Student t-test was used to compare the two regions and to assess parent/child agreement. Internal consistency was acceptable, and test-retest reliability was moderate to excellent. Perception of moderate to severe fluorosis and clinical data were significantly correlated, as were perception of fluorosis and subjects' concerns. Although parents from Rafael Arruda, Ceará State, showed a higher perception of fluorosis, parental concern was greater in Piracicaba, São Paulo State. Parents were more worried and dissatisfied with their children's dental appearance than the children themselves. This version of the questionnaire proved to be valid and reliable for assessing children's and parents' perceptions of dental fluorosis. PMID:22892969

Furtado, Gabriela Eugênio de Sousa; Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de; Barbosa, Taís de Souza; Wada, Ronaldo Seichi; Martínez-Mier, Esperanza de los Angeles; Almeida, Maria Eneide Leitão de

2012-08-01

110

Interpreting Title I Evaluation Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a workshop simulation and interpretation guide designed for Title I teachers and district personnel. The participants should have some experience with the norm-referenced evaluation model. They learn to interpret normal curve equivalents (NCE) and NCE gains. Participants are led through an interpretive hierarchy from simple, descriptive…

Davis, Ann E.; And Others

111

EVALUATIONS BY QUESTIONNAIRES ABOUT SIMPLE METHODS OF SEISMIC STRENGTHENING AND SETBACK OF HOUSES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Law on promotion of renovation for earthquake-resistant structures was revised in 2006. Since then administrative agencies have been promoting seismic diagnosis and retrofit of houses. But citizens living in densely built-up areas cannot rebuild their houses because of their economic reasons and Building Standards Act regulations. Therefore, we conducted questionnaire surveys of construction companies located in Ishikawa Prefecture and citizens living in Kanazawa City. The results of surveys show that many construction companies are not in favor of simple method of seismic retrofit, and that width of roads hardly influence the citizens' consciousness to renovation for earthquake-resistant structures.

Mizuno, Norio; Miyajima, Masakatsu

112

Evaluation of a Computerized Food Frequency Questionnaire to Estimate Calcium Intake of Asian, Hispanic, and Non-Hispanic White Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate a computerized food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that estimates calcium intake among Asian, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white youth. A computerized FFQ based on a list of 80 foods with corresponding food photos was evaluated for 4 consecutive weeks. The evaluation study consisted of computerized FFQs during weeks 1 and 4, and 24-hour dietary

Siew Sun Wong; Carol J. Boushey; Rachel Novotny; Deborah R. Gustafson

2008-01-01

113

[Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the French version of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ)].  

PubMed

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) is a 100-item true-false self-questionnaire proposed by R. Cloninger and based on a three independent dimensions model of personality. These three dimensions, each with four sub-scales, are Novelty Seeking (NS), Harm Avoidance (HA) and Reward Dependence (RD). Recently, several groups have used the TPQ to study clinical samples, and other have reported normative data in the general population but, up to date, no result has been published on the French TPQ version. The aims of this study were therefore to assess the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and also to research an eventual relationship between dimensions of personality and anxiety and depression mood, measured by mood and anxiety scales in out-patients. A population of 165 subjects was included in this study and assessed with the TPQ. In this sample, 119 patients completed also the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale. The factor analysis with a Varimax rotation suggests three possible solutions with 3, 4 or 5 factors for the TPQ. These all three analysis indicate that the dimensions NS and HA load consistently unto the first two factors, and seem therefore two robust and independent dimensions. Contrastly, the RD dimension seems definitely heterogeneous, even if the RD2 sub-scale (persistence) is treated separately from the other as proposed by Cloninger. Analysis of correlations between TPQ dimensions and HAD sub-score show that only the HA dimension is related to anxiety sub-score (r = 0.34), depression subscore (r = 0.52) and total HAD score (r = 0.47).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7875109

Lépine, J P; Pelissolo, A; Téodorescu, R; Téhérani, M

114

Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix Questionnaire in Brazil  

PubMed Central

Background Although cervical cancer is ??the second most common tumor among Brazilian women, studies that evaluate the quality of life of these women are still scarce. This situation is explained by the lack of specific and validated tools for this purpose in Portuguese (Brazil). The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the FACT-CX (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix) questionnaire in a population of Brazilian women with cervical cancer. Methods The psychometric properties of the FACT-CX questionnaire were tested in a sample of 100 women diagnosed with cervical cancer who were previously treated in the Barretos Cancer Hospital. We analyzed the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient - ICC), confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity (correlation with the SF-36 questionnaire), and discriminant validity by disease stage and two questions related to self-perception of health was also performed. Results The scales had Cronbach´s alpha coefficients ranging from 0.61 to 0.80. However, three scales did not have a statistically significant coefficient greater than 0.70. The ICC ranged from 0.68 to 0.82 and all considered satisfactory. Factor analysis did not generate consistent components. The FACT-G and FACT-CX total scores had good internal consistency and reproducibility, and also correlated well with the General Health and Vitality scales of the SF-36. However, only two FACT-CX scales had a significant correlation with SF-36. Discriminant analysis showed that FACT-CX failed to discriminate groups according to clinical stage but was able to divide the women according to the self-perception of health. Conclusion FATC-CX total score had good internal consistency, reproducibility and discriminant validity. In addition, it correlated well with General Health and Vitality scales of SF-36. However, three scales had questionable internal consistency and only two had significant correlation with SF-36.

Fregnani, Cristiane Menezes Sirna; Fregnani, Jose Humberto Tavares Guerreiro; Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Maria do Rosario; de Almeida, Ana Maria

2013-01-01

115

Late Effects After Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer in a Randomized Dose-Response Study: Results of a Self-Assessment Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To evaluate the late effects more than 2 years after radiotherapy using a patient-reported questionnaire in patients with prostate cancer enrolled in a randomized dose-response study comparing 70 Gy (conventional) and 78 Gy (conformal) radiotherapy (RT).Methods. The first 112 patients in the study were sent questionnaires to evaluate late bladder, rectal, and sexual function. There were 101 evaluable responses,

Linh N. Nguyen; Alan Pollack; Gunar K. Zagars

1998-01-01

116

An Initial Psychometric Evaluation and Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study of the Body Checking Questionnaire among Brazilian Women  

PubMed Central

Body checking is considered an expression of an excessive preoccupation with appearance. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ). Additionally, we wanted to examine the questionnaire’s associations with body avoidance behaviour, body mass index, dietary habits, and the intensity, frequency, and length of physical exercise. Finally, we also examined the differences between the total BCQ score and the individual BCQ factor scores. Differences between active and sedentary persons and between non-dieters and those on weight-loss diets were also analyzed. For the psychometric study, 546 female public university students from four different courses were surveyed. Two minor samples of university students and eating disorders women were also recruited. In the second part of the study, 403 women were recruited from weight-loss programs, gyms, and a university. All participants were verbally invited to participate in the research and voluntarily took part. Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit to the original model of the Brazilian BCQ that retained all 23 items. Satisfactory evidence of construct validity and internal consistency were also generated through analysis of factor loadings, t-values, Cronbach’s alpha, and construct reliability tests. The results also showed associations among body checking and body avoidance, body satisfaction, social anxiety, body mass index, and the frequency and intensity of physical exercise. Significant differences were found between non-dieters and weight-loss dieters for all BCQ factors and the total BCQ score. For physically active and sedentary persons, a significant difference was only observed for idiosyncratic checking behaviour. In conclusion, the BCQ appears to be a valid and reliable scale for Brazilian research, and the associations and differences found in this study suggest that women at gyms and especially in weight-loss programs should be targeted for future body checking studies.

Campana, Angela Nogueira Neves Betanho; Swami, Viren; Onodera, Carolina Mie Kawagosi; da Silva, Dirceu; Tavares, Maria da Consolacao Gomes Cunha Fernandes

2013-01-01

117

Primary care providers' knowledge, beliefs and treatment practices for gout: results of a physician questionnaire.  

PubMed

Objective. We sought to examine primary care providers' gout knowledge and reported treatment patterns in comparison with current treatment recommendations. Methods. We conducted a national survey of a random sample of US primary care physicians to assess their treatment of acute, intercritical and tophaceous gout using published European and American gout treatment recommendations and guidelines as a gold standard. Results. There were 838 respondents (response rate of 41%), most of whom worked in private practice (63%) with >16 years experience (52%). Inappropriate dosing of medications in the setting of renal disease and lack of prophylaxis when initiating urate-lowering therapy (ULT) accounted for much of the lack of compliance with treatment recommendations. Specifically for acute podagra, 53% reported avoidance of anti-inflammatory drugs in the setting of renal insufficiency, use of colchicine at a dose of ?2.4 mg/day and no initiation of a ULT during an acute attack. For intercritical gout in the setting of renal disease, 3% would provide care consistent with the recommendations, including initiating a ULT at the appropriate dose with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and providing prophylaxis. For tophaceous gout, 17% reported care consistent with the recommendations, including ULT use with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and prophylaxis. Conclusion. Only half of primary care providers reported optimal treatment practices for the management of acute gout and <20% for intercritical or tophaceous gout, suggesting that care deficiencies are common. PMID:23620554

Harrold, Leslie R; Mazor, Kathleen M; Negron, Amarie; Ogarek, Jessica; Firneno, Cassandra; Yood, Robert A

2013-04-25

118

Evaluation of the brief questionnaire of smoking urges (QSU-brief) in laboratory and clinical settings.  

PubMed

A brief, 10-item version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; Tiffany & Drobes, British Journal of Addiction 86:1467-1476, 1991) was administered to 221 active cigarette smokers in a laboratory setting (Study 1) and to 112 smokers enrolled in a comprehensive smoking cessation program (Study 2). In the laboratory setting, craving to smoke was evaluated in response to neutral and smoking-related stimuli. In the clinical setting, craving was assessed prior to cessation and again during treatment. Factor analyses revealed that a two-factor solution best described the item structure of the QSU-Brief across conditions. Factor 1 items reflected a strong desire and intention to smoke, with smoking perceived as rewarding for active smokers. Factor 2 items represented an anticipation of relief from negative affect with an urgent desire to smoke. The findings were consistent with the expressions of craving found in the 32-item version of the QSU (Tiffany & Drobes, 1991). Regression analyses demonstrated stronger baseline mood intensity and self-reported tendency to smoke to achieve pleasurable effects and to experience the desire to smoke when cigarettes are unavailable were predictive of general levels of craving report in active smokers in the laboratory and clinical setting. The findings supported a multidimensional conceptualization of craving to smoke and demonstrated the utility of a brief multidimensional measure of craving. PMID:11260806

Cox, L S; Tiffany, S T; Christen, A G

2001-02-01

119

Impact of Variation in Materials Properties on Asphalt Pavement Life: Evaluation of a Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In an effort to collect information on the status of quality control procedures and the use of pay adjustment factors, a questionnaire was distributed to all state agencies, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Highway Administration. Each agency was...

R. M. Moore J. E. Wilson J. P. Mahoney R. G. Hicks

1981-01-01

120

Evaluation of Didactic Material Designed to Be Used by High School Art Teachers: The Use of Focus Groups and Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes and discusses the use of focus groups and questionnaires to evaluate educational printed material for high school level art teachers prior to publication. The material consisted of "The Notebook of the Investigative Teacher," created by the Instituto Itau Cultural to help teachers develop critical skills in discussing…

Almeida, Adriana Mortara; Martins, Maria Helena Pires

2009-01-01

121

Evaluating the Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on the Perpetrator: The Perceived Consequences of Domestic Violence Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surprisingly, little is known about how IPV perpetrators perceive the consequences of their violent behavior. This article describes the development and evaluation of the Perceived Consequences of Domestic Violence Questionnaire (PCDVQ). The PCDVQ is a 27 item self report instrument designed to assess the consequences of intimate partner violence…

Walker, Denise D.; Neighbors, Clayton; Mbilinyi, Lyungai F.; O'Rourke, Allison; Zegree, Joan; Roffman, Roger A.; Edleson, Jeffrey L.

2010-01-01

122

Teaching and Evaluating Instructor Effectiveness Using the Instructor Effectiveness Questionnaire and the Instructor Effectiveness Check Sheet Combination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of two linked instruments, the Instructor Effectiveness Check Sheet (IEC) and Instructor Effectiveness Questionnaire (IEQ). The use of an evaluation instrument during a course can enable improvements to be made--even with experienced instructors. Detail can be taken from the IEC and IEQ to find obvious and not so…

Phipps, Maurice L.; Hayashi, Aya; Lewandowski, April; Padgett, Allison H.

2005-01-01

123

Nutrition and Physical Activity Knowledge Assessment: Development of Questionnaires and Evaluation of Reliability in African American and Latino Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: African-American and Latino children living in neighborhoods with a low-socioeconomic index are more at risk of obesity-associated metabolic disease than their higher socioeconomic index and/or white peers. Currently, consistent and reliable questionnaires to evaluate nutrition and physical activity knowledge in these children are…

Roberts, Lindsay S.; Sharma, Sushma; Hudes, Mark L.; Fleming, Sharon E.

2012-01-01

124

The Evaluation of a Screening Tool for Children with an Intellectual Disability: The Child and Adolescent Intellectual Disability Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study outlines the evaluation of an intellectual disability screening tool, the "Child and Adolescent Intellectual Disability Screening Questionnaire" ("CAIDS-Q"), with two age groups. A number of aspects of the reliability and validity of the "CAIDS-Q" were assessed for these two groups, including inter-rater reliability, convergent and…

McKenzie, Karen; Paxton, Donna; Murray, George; Milanesi, Paula; Murray, Aja Louise

2012-01-01

125

Questionnaire to evaluate the effects of assistive devices and altered working methods in women with rheumatoid arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the study were to identify perceived difficulty and reduction of difficulty when using assistive devices and altered working methods in performing daily activities and to detect which activities were unaffected by interventions. Twenty-one women aged 29–65 years with rheumatoid arthritis answered the Evaluation of Daily Activity Questionnaire (EDAQ), which contains 102 items divided into 11 dimensions of

U. Nordenskiöld; G. Grimby; S. Dahlin-Ivanoff

1998-01-01

126

Measuring relational aspects of hospital care in England with the 'Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation' (PEECH) survey questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objectives To first, validate in English hospitals the internal structure of the ‘Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation’ (PEECH) survey tool which was developed in Australia and, second, to examine how it may deepen the understanding of patient experience through comparison with results from the Picker Patient Experience Questionnaire (PPE-15). Design A 48-item survey questionnaire comprising both PEECH and PPE-15 was fielded. We performed exploratory factor analysis and then confirmatory factor analysis using a number of established fit indices. The external validity of the PEECH factor scores was compared across four participating services and at the patient level, factor scores were correlated with the PPE-15. Setting Four hospital services (an Emergency Admissions Unit; a maternity service; a Medicine for the Elderly department and a Haemato-oncology service) that contrasted in terms of the reported patient experience performance. Participants Selection of these acute service settings was based on achieving variation of the following factors: teaching hospital/district general hospital, urban/rural locality and high-performing/low-performing organisations (using results of annual national staff and patient surveys). A total of 423 surveys were completed by patients (26% response rate). Results A different internal structure to the PEECH instrument emerged in English hospitals. However, both the existing and new factor models were similar in terms of fit. The correlations between the new PEECH factors and the PPE-15 were all in the expected direction, but two of the new factors (personal interactions and feeling valued) were more strongly associated with the PPE-15 than the remaining two factors (feeling informed and treated as an individual). Conclusions PEECH can help to build an understanding of complex interpersonal aspects of quality of care, alongside the more transactional and functional aspects typically captured by PPE-15. Further testing of the combined instrument should be undertaken in a wider range of healthcare settings.

Murrells, Trevor; Robert, Glenn; Adams, Mary; Morrow, Elizabeth; Maben, Jill

2013-01-01

127

Tracking the longitudinal stability of medical students' perceptions using the AAMC graduation questionnaire and serial evaluation surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study examined the longitudinal stability of students' perceptions by comparing ratings on similar survey items in three sequential evaluations: end-of-clerkship (EOC), AAMC graduation questionnaire (GQ), and a postgraduate survey (PGY1).\\u000aMETHOD: For the classes of 2000 and 2001, ratings were compiled from EOC evaluations and comparable items from the GQ. For both cohorts, selected GQ items were included

Michele P. Pugnaire; Mary L. Zanetti; Michele M. Carlin

2004-01-01

128

Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation of the Patient Perspective of Arrhythmia Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

There are no disease-specific questionnaires to measure patient sensitive outcomes in arrhythmia patients. We report the development and preliminary psychometric testing of the Patient Perception of Arrhythmia Questionnaire (PPAQ). The PPAQ was developed using formative research, exploratory factor analysis, expert review, pilot study, and regression. The PPAQ measures frequency and duration of episodes, symptoms, impact on daily activities, and restricted activity days. After preliminary content validation, the responsiveness of the PPAQ was tested in 103 arrhythmia patients. The measures showed good sensitivity and reliability. Preliminary construct validation was supported by significant differences (p<.001) among groups of arrhythmia patients consistent with clinical patterns. Preliminary evidence from patients with supraventricular arrhythmias suggests that the questionnaire has acceptable psychometrics and could be useful in future studies of arrhythmia patients.

Wood, Kathryn A.; Stewart, Anita L.; Drew, Barbara J.; Scheinman, Melvin M.; Froelicher, Erika S.

2010-01-01

129

The Psychometric Evaluation of a Questionnaire to Measure Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In many countries, there has been a development towards the inclusion of students with special educational needs in regular education. Over the past decade, this has resulted in an increased interest in attitudes towards this educational change of those directly involved. This current study aims at the development, psychometric evaluation, and…

de Boer, Anke; Timmerman, Marieke; Pijl, Sip Jan; Minnaert, Alexander

2012-01-01

130

Project SAVE: Evaluation of Pilot Test Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long-term goal of Project SAVE (Stop Alcohol Violations Early) is to reduce underage drinking. When a major revision of the program was initiated, the pilot program was evaluated for statistically measurable changes against short-term goals. The results of that evaluation are presented here. Four elements were included in the evaluation

Bell, Mary Lou; Bliss, Kappie

131

An Initial Psychometric Evaluation and Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study of the Body Checking Questionnaire among Brazilian Women.  

PubMed

Body checking is considered an expression of an excessive preoccupation with appearance. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ). Additionally, we wanted to examine the questionnaire's associations with body avoidance behaviour, body mass index, dietary habits, and the intensity, frequency, and length of physical exercise. Finally, we also examined the differences between the total BCQ score and the individual BCQ factor scores. Differences between active and sedentary persons and between non-dieters and those on weight-loss diets were also analyzed. For the psychometric study, 546 female public university students from four different courses were surveyed. Two minor samples of university students and eating disorders women were also recruited. In the second part of the study, 403 women were recruited from weight-loss programs, gyms, and a university. All participants were verbally invited to participate in the research and voluntarily took part. Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit to the original model of the Brazilian BCQ that retained all 23 items. Satisfactory evidence of construct validity and internal consistency were also generated through analysis of factor loadings, t-values, Cronbach's alpha, and construct reliability tests. The results also showed associations among body checking and body avoidance, body satisfaction, social anxiety, body mass index, and the frequency and intensity of physical exercise. Significant differences were found between non-dieters and weight-loss dieters for all BCQ factors and the total BCQ score. For physically active and sedentary persons, a significant difference was only observed for idiosyncratic checking behaviour. In conclusion, the BCQ appears to be a valid and reliable scale for Brazilian research, and the associations and differences found in this study suggest that women at gyms and especially in weight-loss programs should be targeted for future body checking studies. PMID:24040304

Campana, Angela Nogueira Neves Betanho; Swami, Viren; Onodera, Carolina Mie Kawagosi; da Silva, Dirceu; Tavares, Maria da Consolação Gomes Cunha Fernandes

2013-09-11

132

Assessing the burden of caregivers of patients with mental disorders: translating and validating the involvement evaluation questionnaire into Greek  

PubMed Central

Background The changes in the organization of mental health care services have made the role of the family even more important in caring for patients with mental disorders. Caring may have serious consequences for family caregivers, with a great impact on the quality of family life. This study reports on the translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire-European Union (IEQ-EU) into the Greek language. Methods Caregivers of patients with major mental disorders were interviewed to test a modified version of the IEQ-EU questionnaire. Psychometric measurements included reliability coefficients, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory analysis by linear structural relations. To measure the concurrent validity we used the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Results Most caregivers were female (83%), mainly mothers living with the patient (80%), with quite a high level of burden. The Greek version of the IEQ-EU (G-IEQ-EU) demonstrated a good reliability with high internal consistency (? = 0.88), Guttman split-half correlation of 0.71, high test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.82) and good concurrent validity with the NHP. A four-factor structure was confirmed for the G-IEQ-EU, slightly different from the original IEQ. The confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the four-factor model offered modest fit to our data. Conclusions The G-IEQ-EU is a reasonably valid and reliable tool for use in both clinical and research contexts in order to assess the burden of caregivers of patients with mental disorders.

2013-01-01

133

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Italian version of the patient-rated wrist/hand evaluation questionnaire.  

PubMed

An Italian version of the patient-rated wrist/hand evaluation (PRWHE) questionnaire was obtained through the standardized process of cross-cultural adaptation. The PRWHE-Italian (IT) was tested on 63 patients in order to evaluate comprehension, reliability and validity as correlated to the validated version of the disabilities of the arm shoulder and hand (DASH)-IT and SF-36. No patients had difficulty completing the PRWHE-IT questionnaire. Psychometric testing demonstrated high reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.9607) and internal and external validity (Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.927 with PRWHE, r < 0.810 with DASH and r < -0.476 with SF-36). The Italian version of the PRWHE has equivalent evaluation capacities to the original English version and is a reliable functional outcome measurement instrument for wrist and hand disorders. PMID:22719008

Fairplay, T; Atzei, A; Corradi, M; Luchetti, R; Cozzolino, R; Schoenhuber, R

2012-06-19

134

The hospital anxiety and depression scale questionnaire in physical danger and evaluation situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we analyze the variables of anxiety and depression in two different situations: a combat situation and taking an exam. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire with a sample of 621 subjects, divided in four groups, two groups of soldiers, one of them in situation of combat (SBH) and the other one on the military

José Soriano; Luis Salavert

1996-01-01

135

Identity and Eating Disorders (IDEA): A Questionnaire Evaluating Identity and Embodiment in Eating Disorder Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In this paper we tested the hypothesis that persons with eating disorders (EDs) are affected by disturbances of the way they experience their own body (embodiment) and shape their personal identity, assuming that the various kinds of anomalies of eating behavior are consequences thereof. Sampling and Methods: We developed and validated a new self-reported questionnaire named IDEA (IDentity and

Giovanni Stanghellini; Giovanni Castellini; Patrizia Brogna; Carlo Faravelli; Valdo Ricca

2012-01-01

136

The Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire for Milder Variants of PDD Problems: Evaluation of the Psychometric Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire (CSBQ) contains items referring to behavior problems seen in children with milder variants of PDD. Data of large samples of children diagnosed as having high-functioning autism, PDDNOS, ADHD, and other child-psychiatric disorders were gathered. Besides the CSBQ, parents completed the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). The data provided the basis

Ellen Luteijn; Frans Luteijn; Sandy Jackson; Fred Volkmar; Ruud Minderaa

2000-01-01

137

Item response modeling: an evaluation of the children's fruit and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Perceived self-efficacy (SE) for eating fruit and vegetables (FV) is a key variable mediating FV change in interventions. This study applies item response modeling (IRM) to a fruit, juice and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire (FVSEQ) previously validated with classical test theory (CTT) procedur...

138

The ChQoL questionnaire: an Italian translation with preliminary psychometric results for female oncological patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: in Occidental languages, no widely accepted questionnaire is available which deals with health related quality of life from the specific point of view of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Some psychometric tools of this kind are available in Chinese. One of them is the Chinese Quality of Life questionnaire (ChQoL). It comprises 50 items, subdivided in 3 Domains and 13

Giovanni Aschero; Flavio Fenoglio; Maria Giuseppina Vidili; Andrea Wussler

2010-01-01

139

High incidence of sleep problems in children with developmental disorders: Results of a questionnaire survey in a Japanese elementary school.  

PubMed

Objective: The aim of the present school-based questionnaire was to analyze the sleep problems of children with developmental disorders, such as pervasive developmental disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methods: The sleep problems of 43 children with developmental disorders were compared with those of 372 healthy children (control group). All children attended one public elementary school in Kurume, Japan; thus, the study avoided the potential bias associated with hospital-based surveys (i.e. a high prevalence of sleep disturbance) and provided a more complete picture of the children's academic performance and family situation compared with a control group under identical conditions. Children's sleep problems were measured with the Japanese version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results: Children with developmental disorders had significantly higher total CSHQ scores, as well as mean scores on the parasomnias and sleep breathing subscales, than children in the control group. The total CSHQ score, bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and daytime sleepiness worsened with increasing age in children with developmental disorders; in contrast, these parameters were unchanged or became better with age in the control group. In children with developmental disorders, there was a significant association between a higher total CSHQ score and lower academic performance, but no such association was found in the control group. For both groups, children's sleep problems affected their parents' quality of sleep. There were no significant differences in physical, lifestyle, and sleep environmental factors, or in sleep/wake patterns, between the two groups. Conclusions: Children with developmental disorders have poor sleep quality, which may affect academic performance. It is important for physicians to be aware of age-related differences in sleep problems in children with developmental disorders. Further studies are needed to identify the association between sleep quality and school behavioral performance. PMID:23305729

Matsuoka, Michiko; Nagamitsu, Shinichiro; Iwasaki, Mizue; Iemura, Akiko; Yamashita, Yushiro; Maeda, Masaharu; Kitani, Shingo; Kakuma, Tatsuyuki; Uchimura, Naohisa; Matsuishi, Toyojiro

2013-01-01

140

Questionnaire to evaluate and elucidate patients' perceptions of renal dietary advice.  

PubMed

This study aims to explore the knowledge and beliefs of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients about the role of diet in their disease presentation and management. Focus Groups (FG) with nephrology and dialysis patients informed the development of a questionnaire. A sixty percent response rate was achieved (115/190) with 100 complete questionnaires available for analysis. 80 respondents said they would like to receive dietary advice as soon as they know they have renal damage. In most cases this would have been months or years sooner than they were referred to a dietitian. Group work and 'expert patient' assistance offer the means of delivering this service in a patient-centred way. It is also essential that doctors have access to accurate dietary advice so they can support patients appropriately to change their dietary behaviour. PMID:18786081

Sutton, Debbie; Hollingdale, Rachel; Hart, Kathryn

2008-09-01

141

Item response modeling: an evaluation of the children's fruit and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceived self-efficacy (SE) for eating fruit and vegetables (FV) is a key variable mediating FV change in interventions. This study applies item response modeling (IRM) to a fruit, juice and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire (FVSEQ) previously validated with classical test theory (CTT) procedures. The 24-item (five-point Likert scale) FVSEQ was administered to 1578 fourth graders from 26 Houston schools. The IRM

Kathy Watson; Tom Baranowski; Debbe Thompson

2006-01-01

142

Psychometric evaluation of the OM8-30 questionnaire in Dutch children with otitis media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dutch translation of the OM8-30 questionnaire, originally developed in the UK on a large clinical sample, has been applied\\u000a for validation in an ENT sample, with the aim of assessing otitis media impact and identifying treatment needs in children\\u000a suffering from chronic otitis media (OM) and\\/or upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Caregivers of 246 children completed\\u000a the OM8-30 and

Angelique A. Timmerman; Cor M. G. Meesters; Lucien J. C. Anteunis; Michelene N. Chenault; Mark P. Haggard

2008-01-01

143

Evaluating translations of health status questionnaires. Methods from the IQOLA project. International Quality of Life Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing demand for translations of health status questionnaires for use in multinational drug therapy studies and for population comparisons of health statistics. The International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) Project is conducting a three-stage research program to determine the feasibility of translating the SF-36 Health Survey, widely used in English-speaking countries, into other languages. In stage 1, the

Ware John E. Jr; Susan D. Keller; Barbara Gandek; John E. Brazier; Marianne Sullivan

1995-01-01

144

The evaluation of social awareness of osteoporosis, based on the aimed questionnaire.  

PubMed

Background: Osteoporosis is the most common osteopathy. Osteoporosis is recognized by World Health Organization as a civilization disease. Still, the awareness of osteoporosis in polish society is unknown. The aim of the study is demographic evaluation of people who are interested in diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. Another aim is to analyze data such as age, sex, fracture occurrence, style of life of people who have phoned to Osteoporosis Information Telephone (OIT). Material and methods: The analysis was based on 501 individuals (446 women, 55 men). The evaluated parameters were age, sex, place of living, education, risk factor awareness, fracture occurrence and the source of knowledge about OIT. The auxiliary questions concerned previous diagnosis and treatment. Results: In 83,3 % of analyzed group the general information about osteoporosis was acquired from newspapers, 13,11% from books and folders, 3 % from radio programmes, 0,4 % from TV, and 0,19% from internet. 23,5% of people acquired information about OIT from magazines including weekly TV programme. 148 people (29,5%) were examined by densitometry. 57 people (11,3%) had a previous history of bone fractures. Conclusions: Our study helps to evaluate the social awareness of osteoporosis in people interested in this problem. We hope that our results will help to rise social awareness of osteoporosis thanks to new medial advertising companies in the future and will become the base for others analyzes of osteoporosis. PMID:17581512

Górski, Rados?aw; Chmielewski, Dariusz; Zgoda, Marcin

2006-12-29

145

The ECOS-16 questionnaire for the evaluation of health related quality of life in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to validate the questionnaire ECOS-16 (Assessment of health related quality of life in osteoporosis) for the evaluation of health related quality of life (HRQoL) in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. METHODS: An observational, prospective and multi-centre study was carried out among post-menopausal women with osteoporosis in primary care centres and hospital outpatient clinics. All

Xavier Badia; Adolfo Díez-Pérez; Raquel Lahoz; Luis Lizán; Xavier Nogués; Jordi Iborra

2004-01-01

146

Schizotypy and hemispheric asymmetry: Results from two Chapman scales, the O-LIFE questionnaire, and two laterality measures.  

PubMed

Schizotypy is a multidimensional personality construct representing the extension of psychosis-like traits into the general population. Schizotypy has been associated with attenuated expressions of many of the same neuropsychological abnormalities as schizophrenia, including atypical pattern of functional hemispheric asymmetry. Unfortunately the previous literature on links between schizotypy and hemispheric asymmetry is inconsistent, with some research indicating that elevated schizotypy is associated with relative right over left hemisphere shifts, left over right hemisphere shifts, bilateral impairments, or with no hemispheric differences at all. This inconsistency may result from different methodologies, scales, and/or sex proportions between studies. In a within-participant design we tested for the four possible links between laterality and schizotypy by comparing the relationship between two common self-report measures of multidimensional schizotypy (the O-LIFE questionnaire, and two Chapman scales, magical ideation and physical anhedonia) and performance in two computerised lateralised hemifield paradigms (lexical decision, chimeric face processing) in 80 men and 79 women. Results for the two scales and two tasks did not unequivocally support any of the four possible links. We discuss the possibilities that a link between schizotypy and laterality (1) exists but is subtle, probably fluctuating, unable to be assessed by traditional methodologies used here; (2) does not exist, or (3) is indirect, mediated by other factors (e.g., stress-responsiveness, handedness, drug use) whose influences need further exploration. PMID:23682953

Schofield, Kerry; Mohr, Christine

2013-05-20

147

Evaluation of the 1992 NALS Background Survey Questionnaire: An Analysis of Uses with Recommendations for Revisions. Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study focused on researchers' use of the English-Language Background Questionnaire (EBQ) portion of the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS), the results of which were released in 1993. Data were gathered by surveying NALS data users about how they have used the EBQ data, their perspectives on the strengths and weaknesses of the EBQ, and their…

Smith, M. Cecil; Sheehan-Holt, Janet K.

148

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

PubMed

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence. PMID:23446826

Lotzin, Annett; Kriston, Levente; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Leichsenring, Irina; Ramsauer, Brigitte; Schäfer, Ingo

2013-02-27

149

Development and evaluation of the physical activity questionnaire for elderly Japanese: the Nakanojo study.  

PubMed

The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) is a self-administered physical activity questionnaire for elderly Japanese; the authors report here on its repeatability and direct and indirect validity. Reliability was assessed by repeat administration after 1 month. Direct validation was based on accelerometer data collected every 4 s for 1 month in 147 individuals age 65-85 years. Indirect validation against a 10-item Barthel index (activities of daily living [ADL]) was completed in 3,084 individuals age 65-99 years. The test-retest coefficient was high (r = .64-.71). Total and subtotal scores for lower (transportation, housework, and labor) and higher intensity activities (exercise/sports) were significantly correlated with step counts and durations of physical activity <3 and >or=3 METs (r = .41, .28, .53), respectively. Controlling for age and ADL, scores for transportation, exercise/sports, and labor were greater in men, but women performed more housework. Sex- and ADL- or age-adjusted PAQ-EJ scores were significantly lower in older and dependent people. PAQ-EJ repeatability and validity seem comparable to those of instruments used in Western epidemiological studies. PMID:18048944

Yasunaga, Akitomo; Park, Hyuntae; Watanabe, Eiji; Togo, Fumiharu; Park, Sungjin; Shephard, Roy J; Aoyagi, Yukitoshi

2007-10-01

150

Memory worries and self-reported daily forgetfulness: a psychometric evaluation of the Dutch translation of the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The expression of memory worries and the self-reporting of daily forgetfulness easily spark discussion among sufferers and their family or friends about what is normal or abnormal forgetfulness. One way to investigate whether the reporting of forgetfulness might be excessive is to use a standardized memory questionnaire--for instance, the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire (MMQ). The MMQ measures worries, daily forgetfulness, and memory strategy use. In this study we present a psychometric evaluation of the Dutch translation of the MMQ and provide normative data to determine the significance of individual differences in subtest scores. In addition, clinical examples are given of the use and interpretation of percentile norms and single-case statistics. PMID:21253959

van der Werf, Sieberen P; Vos, Sandra H

2011-01-19

151

Estimating the robustness of questionnaire results: lessons from a mixed-mode survey of expectations for tele-working and road-based business travel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The robustness of questionnaire results to various forms of bias are explored in the context of a dual-mode (web and hardcopy)\\u000a survey of employers’ anticipations of levels of employee commuting and business travel activity under a range of future ICT\\u000a scenarios. The questionnaire incorporated several innovative features which, together with the dual-mode format, allowed an\\u000a unusually wide range of analyses.

Peter Bonsall; Jeremy Shires

2009-01-01

152

Microsuction aural toilet in ENT outpatients: a questionnaire to evaluate the patient experience.  

PubMed

Microsuction toilet of debris from the ear canal is a commonly performed procedure within the ENT outpatient clinic. This department has received two complaints from patients following microsuction aural toilet over the past year. These cases will be discussed. We wish to assess the frequency of side effects following aural microsuction in our department. A prospective questionnaire studied 164 patients undergoing aural microsuction over a 3 month period. From the total of 164 patients surveyed, only 74 (45%) did not report any adverse effects. Patients with mastoid cavities reported higher levels of vertigo when compared to those with normal ears (p < 0.001). A high proportion of patients have reported adverse side effects following aural microsuction. Medical staff should also be aware that certain patient subgroups are more prone to adverse effects. It would be appropriate to ensure that patients are counselled before suction takes place. PMID:20607265

Addams-Williams, J; Howarth, A; Phillipps, J J

2010-07-04

153

Exercise-induced acute renal failure associated with renal hypouricaemia: results of a questionnaire-based survey in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A retrospective investigation was con- ducted to define the clinical features of exercise- induced acute renal failure (ARF) associated with renal hypouricaemia with the aim of clarifying further the clinical features of the disease entity. Methods. A questionnaire was mailed to 43 institu- tions in Japan that had experienced case(s) of exercise- induced ARF associated with renal hypouricaemia. Fifty-four

Toshiyuki Ohta; Takashi Sakano; Takashi Igarashi; Noritomo Itami; Takahiko Ogawa

2004-01-01

154

Evaluation of the Alcohol Craving Questionnaire-Now factor structures: Application of a cue reactivity paradigm  

PubMed Central

The current study compared the psychometric properties and clinical/research utility of four distinct factor/subscale models of alcohol craving (three factor-derived models, and one rationally-derived model) as measured by the Alcohol Craving Questionnaire-Now in social (n = 52) and alcohol dependent (n = 71) drinkers. All participants completed a self-report measure of alcohol abuse in addition to engaging in a structured interview and cue reactivity protocol. Participants provided self-reported craving, as well as desire to approach or avoid drinking, during a cue exposure task using separate analogue scales. Factor/subscale models were compared in terms of internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity, and ability to predict cue-elicited approach and craving in addition to diagnostic status. All models demonstrated high levels of internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity, and the ability to predict both cue-elicited craving and alcohol dependence status. Specific strengths and weaknesses of each model are examined and the theoretical, clinical, and research utility of the current findings are discussed.

Connolly, Kevin M.; Coffey, Scott F.; Baschnagel, Joseph S.; Drobes, David J.; Saladin, Michael E.

2009-01-01

155

Results of a questionnaire about nurse students' smoking habits and knowledges in an Italian teaching school of nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six-hundred and sixty-two nurse students (aged 25.2 ± 4.11 years; 153 were males) answered a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire about smoking habits and knowledges in a large urban Teaching School of Nursing. The overall response rate was 88%. Current smokers were 336 (51%), former smokers 80 (12%). Nurse students claimed to know the dangers of tobacco and nurse training seemed to

E. Boccoli; A. Federici; A. S. Melanie; E. Paola

1996-01-01

156

Validation of a food-frequency questionnaire to assess dietary intakes in cancer studies in Italy results for specific nutrients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The validity of a 77-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for a multicenter case-control study on diet and cancer in Italy was assessed. Trained interviewers administered the same FFQ to 452 volunteers from three Italian provinces (Pordenone, Genoa, and Forli) completed in two different seasons, at an interval of 3 to 10 months. For 395 (130 males, 265 females; median age

Adriano Decarli; Silvia Franceschi; Monica Ferraroni; Patrizia Gnagnarella; Maria Teresa Parpinel; Carlo La Vecchia; Eva Negri; Simonetta Salvini; Fabio Falcini; Attilio Giacosa

1996-01-01

157

Predictive Power of a Risk-Assessment Questionnaire Across Different Disease States: Results in an Elderly Managed Care Enrolled Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the predictive power of self-reported assessment questionnaire data to explain changes in health- care service utilization and expenditures of a population of Medicare health maintenance organization enrollees during a 2-year period. Study Design: A prospective cohort study with a 2-year postenrollment follow-up period. Multiple robust regression analyses were conducted to examine associations among self- reported health status

Rajesh Balkrishnan; Roger T. Anderson

158

Consequences of a Long-Term Raw Food Diet on Body Weight and Menstruation: Results of a Questionnaire Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the relationship between the strictness of long-term raw food diets and body weight loss, underweight and amenorrhea. Methods: In a cross-sectional study 216 men and 297 women consuming long-term raw food diets (3.7 years; SE 0.25) of different intensities completed a specially developed questionnaire. Participants were divided into 5 groups according to the amount of raw food

C. Koebnick; C. Strassner; I. Hoffmann; C. Leitzmann

1999-01-01

159

Evaluation of Expanded Role of the Physical Therapist in Screening Musculoskeletal Disorders: Follow-up Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the investigation was to better assess the degree of overall patient satisfaction with and acceptance of the physical therapist as a primary evaluator for patients presenting with musculoskeletal disorders. A one page anonymous questionna...

J. J. James D. Mangelsdorff

1974-01-01

160

Longitudinal evaluation of the SF36 quality of life questionnaire in patients with kidney stones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the 36-Item Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36) has been utilized to assess quality of life (QoL) in cross-sectional\\u000a studies, no longitudinal studies have evaluated this instrument in stone formers. Hence, we evaluated the performance of the\\u000a SF-36 over time in a group of stone formers. From January to May 2007, the SF-36 was administered by independent interviewers\\u000a to 155

Chester J. Donnally; Amit Gupta; Karim Bensalah; Altug Tuncel; Jay Raman; Margaret S. Pearle; Yair Lotan

2011-01-01

161

[Results of a questionnaire about smoking distributed at the 36th annual meeting of the Japan Society of Chest Diseases].  

PubMed

To gather data about smoking habits among members of the Japan Society of Chest Diseases, a questionnaire was distributed during the 36th annual meeting. A total of 2411 out of 3725 questionnaires were returned (65%). The percentage of smokers was 23%. Smoking was prohibited in the hospitals of 281 respondents (8%). Seventy-nine percent reported that patients smoking areas were separated from patients' non-smoking areas, but only 41% reported that physicians' smoking areas were separated from physicians' non-smoking areas. Tobacco was being solid in over 50% of the hospitals represented, either via vending machines or through hospital retail stores. However, 79% of the respondents indicated that hospitals should be smoke-free. Questions of ethics in medicine are highlighted by this questionnaire. The obvious issues involved are whether or nor both patients and physicians should be required to stop smoking in health-care facilities. The larger issue is the degree and method by which the Japan Society of Chest Diseases should involve itself actively in smoking reform for the sake of society in general. PMID:9366160

Kobayashi, J; Kitamura, S

1997-08-01

162

NGST's Scientist's Expert Assistant: evaluation results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the approach and evaluation results of the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST) Scientist's Expert Assistant (SEA) project. The plan describes the goals, and methodology for the evaluation. The objective of this evaluation is to provide a means for the targeted user community to provide feedback to the developers, and to determine if the advanced technologies investigated as part of SEA have achieved the goals that were to be its success criteria. We can with confidence say that visual, interactive tools in SEA were found to be highly useful by the users. On a scale of 1 - 5, where 1 was excellent and 5 was poor, the SEA as a whole ranked as 1.7, i.e., between excellent and above average.

Koratkar, Anuradha; Burkhardt, Chris; Fishman, Mark; Grosvenor, Sandy; Jones, Jeremy E.; Lucas, Ray A.; Ruley, LaMont; Wolf, Karl R.

2000-07-01

163

Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Mood, Interest and Pleasure Questionnaire (MIPQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, several instruments have been developed to measure the subjective component of the quality of life (QOL) of people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). A next step, however, must be the further validation of these instruments. The present study aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of one of these…

Petry, Katja; Kuppens, Sofie; Vos, Pieter; Maes, Bea

2010-01-01

164

Development and psychometric evaluation of a three-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims This study was designed to develop and evaluate a self-report measure of gambling motives. Participants A community-recruited sample of 193 gamblers (70% male; mean age = 35.5 years) were selected to fill two groups according to scores on the South Oaks Gambling Screen: probable pathological gamblers (PPG; n = 154) and non- pathological gamblers (NPG; n = 39). Measures

Sherry H. Stewart; Martin Zack

2008-01-01

165

Psychometric evaluation of the marijuana and stimulant effect expectancy questionnaires for adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol expectancies are important in the mediation and prediction of alcohol use. Expectancies for the effects of other drugs, although less well delineated, appear equally important. Therefore, development and validation of expectancy measures for drugs other than alcohol is necessary for evaluating the importance of these constructs. We examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy

Gregory A. Aarons; Sandra A. Browna; Eric Sticed; Michael T. Coee

2001-01-01

166

Validation of the extended Influence Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted four studies to evaluate the extended version of the Influence Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), which measures proactive tactics used to influence people in organizations. The results provide support for the reliability and validity of the 11 tactic scales in the newest version of the IBQ. The questionnaire has widespread potential applications for both research and practice, and it is

Gary Yukl; Charles F. Seifert; Carolyn Chavez

2008-01-01

167

Improving Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to improve data quality and ease of administration of standard self-administered food frequency questionnaires, various alternative approaches were tried for inquiring about frequency of consumption, portion size, seasonal intake, and food preparation. Evaluation consisted of a cognitive interviewing method in which respondents verbalize their thought process while completing several variations of a questionnaire. Interviewers observed and asked

AMY F SUBAR; FRANCES E THOMPSON; ALBERT F SMITH; JARED B JOBE; REGINA G ZIEGLER; NANCY POTISCHMAN; ARTHUR SCHATZKIN; ANNE HARTMAN; CHRISTINE SWANSON; LAURA KRUSE; RICHARD B HAYES; DENISE RIEDEL LEWIS; LINDA C HARLAN

1995-01-01

168

Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women. Results from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the construct validity of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women.SUBJECTS: A total of 4377 middle-aged, obese subjects in the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study.METHODS: The total sample was randomly split into two data subsets and psychometric testing was performed separately in each sample. Multitrait\\/multi-item analysis was conducted to test scaling assumptions and factor

J Karlsson; L-O Persson; L Sjöström; M Sullivan

2000-01-01

169

The role of the nurse lecturer in the supervision of students' essays, projects and assignments: results of an all Wales questionnaire survey.  

PubMed

This study explores the role of the lecturer in nursing and midwifery education in the supervision of students' essays, projects and assignments. Three methods were used within the study; semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and focus groups. The results from the semi-structured interviews were used to develop a questionnaire which was distributed to the population of lecturers in nursing and midwifery education (n=285) within Wales. This article reports some of the key findings of the questionnaire survey. Lecturers report a directive style of supervision with a considerable amount of time being invested in the supervision process. The production of guidelines for good supervision practice is recommended as a way of providing consistent and fair supervision for students. PMID:12384031

Mansell, Ian; Bennett, Glynis; Torrance, Colin; Fairbairn, Gavin

2002-10-01

170

Evaluating the Quality of Pain Management in a Hospital Setting: Testing the Psychometric Properties of the Icelandic Version of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Pain management is an important aspect of providing quality health care, and monitoring patient-related outcomes is a recommended quality improvement practice. Valid and reliable tools are needed for this purpose. The American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ) is widely used to measure quality of pain management. The APS-POQ was recently revised to reflect advances in pain management. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the revised version in Icelandic patients in the hospital setting. The questionnaire was translated according to an adaptation of Brislin's model. Data were collected from 143 patients on 23 wards in a university hospital. Participants were ?18 years old, hospitalized for >24 hours, alert, not too ill to participate, and in pain ?1 on a 0-10 scale in the past 24 hours. Mean (SD) age was 66 (18) years, 51.4% were women, 48.6% men. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation confirmed a five-component structure, but four items lowered reliability and were removed from the scales. The final version consists of four components, with Cronbach ? >.70, explaining 64.2% of the variance. Participants had little difficulty in answering the questionnaire, but two additional items about participation in decisions and pain medications were added in response to patients' comments and suggestions. Administering the Icelandic version of the APS-POQ-R was found to be feasible, and the questionnaire has acceptable construct validity and reliability. The results support the use of the APS-POQ-R-I to evaluate the quality of pain management in hospitals in Iceland. PMID:23318415

Zoëga, Sigridur; Ward, Sandra; Gunnarsdottir, Sigridur

2012-09-24

171

Psychometric evaluation and normative data for a Swedish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale.  

PubMed

The lack of an available Swedish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale (PHQ-15) motivated the present psychometric evaluation of such a version as well as providing normative data for the PHQ-15. Data from 3,406 individuals who took part in the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study in Sweden were used. The respondents constitute a random sample, aged 18 to 79 years, stratified for age and sex. They responded to a Swedish translation of the PHQ-15 as well as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire for assessment of convergent validity. The distribution of PHQ-15 scores was positively skewed and mesokurtic in shape, and the internal consistency of the PHQ-15 was satisfactory. Correlation coefficients between PHQ-15 score and the measures of anxiety, depression, stress and mental/physical exhaustion indicate satisfactory validity. Normative data for PHQ-15 scores as well as for categories of somatic symptom severity are provided. The favorable psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PHQ-15 suggest use of this instrument for quantification of somatization in Swedish and similar populations, and has the advantage of available normative data. PMID:23294182

Nordin, Steven; Palmquist, Eva; Nordin, Maria

2013-01-07

172

A psychometric evaluation of the Group Environment Questionnaire in a sample of professional basketball and soccer players.  

PubMed

Psychometric properties of the Group Environment Questionnaire were investigated in a large sample of soccer (n = 222) and professional basketball players (n = 375). Confirmatory factor analysis was performed both on the total sample and on the two subsamples through a multi-group approach; associations between cohesion and the duration of belonging to the team were also explored. Results confirmed the four-factor structure proposed by Carron's original model even though some items with low loadings were eliminated. No significant associations were found between team cohesion and the duration of belonging to the team. PMID:23829152

Steca, P; Pala, A Norcini; Greco, A; Monzani, D; D'Addario, M

2013-02-01

173

The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated the Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire (HDSQ; Metalsky & Joiner, 1991). The HDSQ is a 32-item self-report measure of eight symptoms posited by L. Abramson, G. Metalsky, and L. Alloy (1989) to comprise a specific subtype of depression—hopelessness depression. Factor analytic results from 435 subjects suggested that: (a) Each of the eight subscales of the HDSQ reflects a distinct symptom

Gerald I. Metalsky; Thomas E. Joiner

1997-01-01

174

Family Evaluation of Hospice Care: Results from Voluntary Submission of Data Via Website  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Family Evaluation of Hospice Care (FEHC) survey is a 61-item questionnaire that surveys family members about care provided to the decedent by the hospice. Hospices submit their data to the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization (NHPCO), where results are tabulated. For the first two quarters of 2004, a total of 29,292 surveys were tabulated. On average, respondents rated

Stephen R. Connor; Joan Teno; Carol Spence; Neal Smith

2005-01-01

175

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

176

Prevalence of undiagnosed abnormal glucose tolerance in adult patients cared for by general practitioners in Hungary. Results of a risk-stratified screening based on FINDRISC questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing, worldwide and also in Hungary. Timely diagnosis and early treatment could be aided by targeted screening. Recognizing this, the Hungarian Diabetes Association initiated a risk-stratified screening with the involvement of primary care physicians. Material/Methods In the first phase of screening, the FINDRISC questionnaire was completed, followed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for those with a score of ?12. Between September 1, 2010 and March 31, 2011, 70,432 non-diabetic adults, who visited their general practitioners for any reason, were involved in the screening. Of these, 68,476 questionnaires proved to be suitable for processing. Results From the questionnaires, 28,077 (41.0%) had a score of ?12. A valid OGTT was performed in 22,846 cases; of this group 3,217 subjects (14.1%) had elevated fasting glucose levels, 5,663 (24.8%) had impaired glucose tolerance, and 1,750 (7.6%) had manifest, previously undiagnosed, diabetes mellitus. Overall, from the valid OGTT group, 46.5% subjects had some degree of glucose intolerance. Conclusions Based on the FINDRISC questionnaire, the risk-stratified screening for diabetes mellitus proved to be simple and cost-effective method for the early detection of carbohydrate metabolism disorders. Using this method, the prevalence rate of previously undiagnosed abnormal glucose tolerance was high in adult patients cared for by general practitioners in Hungary.

Winkler, Gabor; Hidvegi, Tibor; Vandorfi, Gyozo; Balogh, Sandor; Jermendy, Gyorgy

2013-01-01

177

Results of GEOSAT/SPOT evaluation program  

SciTech Connect

Members of the GEOSAT Commttee participated in the French-sponsored investigation of SPOT-1 data to evaluate the benefit of this improved satellite-borne sensor package to the petroleum exploration community. Two proven oil fields (onshore Santa Maria basin, California, and Patrick Draw, Wyoming) were imaged, using multispectral and panchromatic modes, with partial stereo coverage for the California site. Resulting images were interpreted geologically and compared with similar interpretations from aerial photographs, SEASAT-SAR, Landsat MSS, and TM data. Cost factors were considered to emphasize realistic practical applications of the data (i.e., what combinations of products would best suit the explorationist's needs under limited budgets and rapid data access requirements). Results from the sites showed that: (1) diverse data sets, registered to a common base map and selectively used, provide the most comprehensive geologic assessment at the optimum cost, (2) SPOT's major contribution lies in complex structural terrains where stereo coverage and 10 m resolution can help resolve local mapping problems, (3) analyses relying on multispectral imagery or local site studies are still better served by Landsat TM or aerial photographs, if available, (4) for the GEOSAT test sites, SPOT imagery provided near ''air photo'' quality coverage for relatively large (60 x 60 km) areas, under uniform illumination conditions. These should be supplemented by other data sets to identify specific exploration targets and clarify the regional tectonic setting.

Baker, R.N.

1988-01-01

178

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed\\u000a at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative\\u000a treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings.\\u000a The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was

Ewa Misterska; Maciej G?owacki; Jerzy Harasymczuk

2009-01-01

179

Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research  

PubMed Central

Background Quality of life is a multidimensional construct composed of functional, physical, emotional, social and spiritual well-being. In order to examine how patients with severe diseases view the impact of spirituality and religiosity on their health and how they cope with illness, we have developed the SpREUK questionnaire. We deliberately avoided the intermingling of attitudes, convictions and practices, and thus addressed the distinct forms and frequencies of spiritual/religious practices in an additional manual, the SpREUK-P questionnaire. Methods The SpREUK-P was designed to differentiate spiritual, religious, existentialistic and philosophical practices. It was tested in a sample of 354 German subjects (71% women; 49.0 ± 12.5 years). Half of them were healthy controls, while among the patients cancer was diagnosed in 54%, multiple sclerosis in 22%, and other chronic diseases in 23%. Reliability and factor analysis of the inventory were performed according to the standard procedures. Results We confirmed the structure and consistency of the previously described 18-item SpREUK-P manual and improved the quality of the current construct by adding several new items. The new 25-item SpREUK-P 1.1 (Cronbach's alpha = 0.8517) has the following scales: (1) conventional religious practice (CRP), (2) existentialistic practice (ExP), (3) unconventional spiritual practice (USP), (4) nature/environment-oriented practice (NoP), and (5) humanistic practice (HuP). Among the tested individuals, the highest engagement scores were found for HuP and NoP, while the lowest were found for the USP. Women had significantly higher scores for ExP than male patients. With respect to age, the engagement in CRP increases with increasing age, while the engagement in a HuP decreased. Individuals with a Christian orientation and with a religious and spiritual attitude had the highest engagement scores for CRP, while the engagement in an USP was high with respect to a spiritual attitude. Variance analyses confirmed that the SpR attitude and religious affiliation are the main relevant covariates for CRP and ExP, while for the USP the SpR attitude and the educational level are of significance, but not religious affiliation. Patients with multiple sclerosis overall had the lowest engagement scores for all five forms of SpR practice, while it is remarkable that cancer patients had lower scores for HuP and USP than healthy subjects. Conclusion The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK-P questionnaire (Version 1.1) indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of five distinct forms of spiritual, religious and philosophical practice that may be especially useful for assessing the role of spirituality and religiosity in health related research. An advantage of our instruments is the clear-cut differentiation between convictions and attitudes on the one hand, and the expression of these attitudes in a concrete engagement on the other hand.

Bussing, Arndt; Matthiessen, Peter F; Ostermann, Thomas

2005-01-01

180

Results and Challenges in Web Search Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A frozen 18.5 million page snapshot of part of the Web has been created to enable and encourage meaningful and reproducible evaluation of Web search systems and techniques. This collection is being used in an evaluation framework within the Text Retrieval Conference (TREC) and will hopefully provide convincing answers to questions such as, \\

David Hawking; Nick Craswell; Paul B. Thistlewaite; Donna Harman

1999-01-01

181

Devil in the detail: using a pupil questionnaire survey in an evaluation of out-of-school classes for gifted and talented children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of questionnaires to evaluate educational initiatives is widespread, but often problematic. This paper examines four aspects of an evaluation survey carried out with very able pupils attending out-of-school classes: ethics, design, bias and interpretation. There is a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of pupils' answers to open questions. Conclusions are drawn from this analysis which will

Mike Lambert

2008-01-01

182

A Short Version of the Self Description Questionnaire II: Operationalizing Criteria for Short-Form Evaluation With New Applications of Confirmatory Factor Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four studies evaluate the new Self Description Questionnaire II short-form (SDQII-S) that measures 11 dimensions of adolescent self-concept based on responses to 51 of the original 102 SDQII items and demonstrate new statistical strategies to operationalize guidelines for short-form evaluation proposed by G. T. Smith, D. M. McCarthy, and K. G.…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Ellis, Louise A.; Parada, Roberto H.; Richards, Garry; Heubeck, Bernd G.

2005-01-01

183

What do children eat in the Delta: Results from development of a regional child food frequency questionnaire  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The epidemic of obesity and the fact that children are currently at risk presents challenges in both estimating current food intakes and developing appropriate interventions to address the problem. Obtaining eating patterns and nutritional intakes of children presents a first step in evaluating the ...

184

Reliability and Validity of Simplified Chinese Version of Roland-Morris Questionnaire in Evaluating Rural and Urban Patients with Low Back Pain  

PubMed Central

Objective The causes of low back pain in China and Western countries are extremely different. We attempted to analyze the risk factors of low back pain in urban and rural patients under the dual economy with the simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (SC-RMDQ) to demonstrate that SC-RMDQ could evaluate patients with low back pain arising from different causes. Methods Roland-Morris disability questionnaire was translated into SCRMDQ according to international guidelines for questionnaire adaptation. In this study, causes of low back pain of 187 outpatients and inpatients (99 urban patients and 88 rural patients) were analyzed. All patients underwent simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (SC-RMDQ), simplified Chinese Oswestry disability index (SCODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS). Reliability was tested using reproducibility (intraclass coefficient of correlation – ICC) and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha). Validity was tested using Pearson correlation analysis. Results The leading causes for low back pain were sedentariness (38.4%) and vibration (18.1%) in urban patients and waist bending (48.9%) and spraining (25%) in rural patients. Although causes of low back pain in the two groups of population were completely different, SCRMDQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach's ? value of 0.874 in urban patients and 0.883 in rural patients) and good reproducibility (ICC value of .952 in urban patients and 0.949 in rural patients, P<0.01). SCRMDQ also showed significant correlation with Simplified Chinese version of Oswestry disability index (SCODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) in rural areas (SCRMDQ-SCODI r?=?0.841; SCRMDQ -VAS: r?=?0.685, P<0.01) and in urban areas (SCRMDQ-SCODI: r?=?0.818, P<0.01; SCRMDQ –VAS: r?=?0.666, P<0.01). Conclusions Although causes of low back pain are completely different in rural and urban patients, SCRMDQ has a good reliability and validity, which is a reliable clinical method to evaluate disability of rural and urban patients.

Chen, Ziqiang; Wang, Xinhui; Zhu, Xiaodong; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Jiayu; Zhang, Diqing; Li, Ming

2012-01-01

185

Psychometric Evaluation of the Eating Disorder Examination and Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire: A Systematic Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to systematically review the reliability of scores on the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and to examine the validity of their use as measures of eating disorder symptoms. Method Articles describing the psychometric properties of the EDE and EDE-Q were identified in a systematic search of major computer databases and a review of reference lists. Articles were selected based on a priori inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results Fifteen studies were identified that examined the psychometrics of the EDE, whereas 10 studies were found that examined the psychometrics of the EDE-Q. Discussion Both instruments demonstrated reliability of scores. There is evidence that scores on the EDE and EDE-Q correlate with scores on measures of similar constructs and support for using the instruments to distinguish between cases and non-cases. Additional research is needed to broaden the generalizability of the findings.

Berg, Kelly C.; Peterson, Carol B.; Frazier, Patricia; Crow, Scott J.

2013-01-01

186

[Alcohol dependence syndrome and Before-Discharge Intervention Method (BDIM)--No. 5. Patients' evaluation of BDIM by questionnaire survey].  

PubMed

One (A.I) of the authors has developed BDIM (Before-Discharge Intervention Method) for the purpose of making alcoholics aware of their drinking problems. 153 patients were treated by BDIM. After the practiced BDIM, the patients underwent a 52 month observational period. 82 patients (53.6%) continued with either treatment as outpatient or inpatients, or attendance of a self-help group. We administered these 82 patients our questionnaire that asked for their assessment about the therapeutic effects of BDIM. 76 patients (49.7%) completed our questionnaire. Regarding the impression of family members' letters in BDIM, 70 patients (92.1% of 76) answered that the letter have had a positive impression on them. 52 patients (68.4% of 76) answered that they have had very strong or strong impressions. The numbers of patients who have [very strong or strong] impression are significantly more in the abstinence group than in the drinking group. Also, we asked patients about which messages of spouses, daughters and sons in BDIM gave the strongest impression to these patients. The result showed that their daughter gave the strongest impression to many patients. We believe that their children, especially the patients' daughter's messages, have therapeutic effects as impact messages even though alcoholics have cognitive or memory disorder. Patients positively assessed that BDIM strengthened motivation for treatment or attendance of self-help group meetings, for abstinence and for the consequence to their lives. Many patients assessed that BDIM has effect on awareness of their drinking problems. But the ratio of positive answers about motivation of awareness of drinking problem is smaller than the ratio of positive answers about other questions. As a result, we surmised that BDIM will have the effect of empowerment, including the effect of awareness. PMID:17037344

Ing, Aro; Saka, Yasuhiro; Yamashiro, Kazunori; Cho, Tetsuji; Torituka, Michihiro

2006-08-01

187

Yosemite Waters Vehicle Evaluation Report: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

Document details the evaluation of Fischer-Tropsch diesel, a gas-to-liquid fuel, in medium-duty delivery vehicles at Yosemite Waters. The study was conducted by NREL at the company's Fullerton, California, bottling headquarters.

Eudy, L.; Barnitt, R.; Alleman, T. L.

2005-08-01

188

An Evaluation of Results of Ergometric Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An evaluation of some standardized and relative indices of ergometry is presented: heart rate and oxygen consumption as percentage of individual values, indices of chromo-, inotropic, aerobic and coronary reserves. The investigation is based on the study ...

V. P. Pomerantsev V. L. Khomenko A. G. Ivashchuk A. I. Mikheyev

1975-01-01

189

Memory Worries and Self-Reported Daily Forgetfulness: A Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Translation of the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expression of memory worries and the self-reporting of daily forgetfulness easily spark discussion among sufferers and their family or friends about what is normal or abnormal forgetfulness. One way to investigate whether the reporting of forgetfulness might be excessive is to use a standardized memory questionnaire—for instance, the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire (MMQ). The MMQ measures worries, daily forgetfulness, and

Sieberen P. van der Werf; Sandra H. Vos

2011-01-01

190

Culture's Consequences Today: The Evaluation and Use of Geert Hofstede's Culture in the Workplace Training Questionnaire as a Research Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the Culture in the Workplace [TM] Questionnaire and associated data to determine the suitability and potential implications of this information for further cross-cultural research. The Culture in the Workplace [TM] (CW) questionnaire was designed by Geert Hofstede and was based on his groundbreaking IBM study. This study, as detailed in his book, Culture's Consequences, was based on

Kathryn Dovgala

1997-01-01

191

Evaluation of the Indian Migration Study Physical Activity Questionnaire (IMS-PAQ): a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Socio-cultural differences for country-specific activities are rarely addressed in physical activity questionnaires. We examined the reliability and validity of the Indian Migration Study Physical Activity Questionnaire (IMS-PAQ) in urban and rural groups in India. Methods A sub-sample of IMS participants (n = 479) was used to examine short term (?1 month [n = 158]) and long term (> 1 month [n = 321]) IMS-PAQ reliability for levels of total, sedentary, light and moderate/vigorous activity (MVPA) intensity using intraclass correlation (ICC) and kappa coefficients (k). Criterion validity (n = 157) was examined by comparing the IMS-PAQ to a uniaxial accelerometer (ACC) worn ?4 days, via Spearman's rank correlations (?) and k, using Bland-Altman plots to check for systematic bias. Construct validity (n = 7,000) was established using linear regression, comparing IMS-PAQ against theoretical constructs associated with physical activity (PA): BMI [kg/m2], percent body fat and pulse rate. Results IMS-PAQ reliability ranged from ICC 0.42-0.88 and k = 0.37-0.61 (?1 month) and ICC 0.26 to 0.62; kappa 0.17 to 0.45 (> 1 month). Criterion validity was ? = 0.18-0.48; k = 0.08-0.34. Light activity was underestimated and MVPA consistently and substantially overestimated for the IMS-PAQ vs. the accelerometer. Criterion validity was moderate for total activity and MVPA. Reliability and validity were comparable for urban and rural participants but lower in women than men. Increasing time spent in total activity or MVPA, and decreasing time in sedentary activity were associated with decreasing BMI, percent body fat and pulse rate, thereby demonstrating construct validity. Conclusion IMS-PAQ reliability and validity is similar to comparable self-reported instruments. It is an appropriate tool for ranking PA of individuals in India. Some refinements may be required for sedentary populations and women in India.

2012-01-01

192

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

193

Evaluation of low back pain using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire for lumbar spinal disease in a multicenter study: differences in scores based on age, sex, and type of disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has investigated the JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) to evaluate\\u000a several aspects of low back pain in patients. The score includes five categories (25 items) selected from the Roland Morris\\u000a Disability Questionnaire and Short Form 36, and a visual analogue scale. Japanese physicians have recently used these scores\\u000a to evaluate back pain; however, the

Seiji Ohtori; Toshinori Ito; Masaomi Yamashita; Yasuaki Murata; Tatsuo Morinaga; Jiro Hirayama; Tomoaki Kinoshita; Hiromi Ataka; Takana Koshi; Toshihiko Sekikawa; Masayuki Miyagi; Takaaki Tanno; Munetaka Suzuki; Yasuchika Aoki; Takato Aihara; Shinichiro Nakamura; Kiyoshi Yamaguchi; Toshiyuki Tauchi; Kenji Hatakeyama; Keiichi Takata; Hiroaki Sameda; Tomoyuki Ozawa; Eiji Hanaoka; Hirohito Suzuki; Tsutomu Akazawa; Kaoru Suseki; Hajime Arai; Masahiro Kurokawa; Yawara Eguchi; Miyako Suzuki; Yuzuru Okamoto; Jin Miyagi; Masatsune Yamagata; Tomoaki Toyone; Kazuhisa Takahashi

2010-01-01

194

Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a…

Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

2012-01-01

195

Vehicle SNM monitors: Results of an evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several types of radiation monitors, designed to search motor vehicles for special nuclear materials at area exit gates, were constructed and evaluated at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. These monitors consist of stationary radiation detection equipment or portable, hand-held instruments. The stationary monitors have either a detector portal through which vehicles pass or an underground detector array to measure radiation

Fehlau

1983-01-01

196

Development and psychometric evaluation of a new measure of pain-related support preferences: The Pain Response Preference Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Behavioural conceptualizations of chronic pain posit that solicitous responses to pain behaviours are positively reinforcing and play a role in the development of chronic pain and disability. Recent research suggests that studies investigating this model were likely limited by the use of only a few narrowly defined categories of responses to pain behaviour. A measure of preferences regarding pain-related social support has the potential to improve behavioural models of chronic pain by identifying other potentially reinforcing responses to pain behaviour. OBJECTIVE: The Pain Response Preference Questionnaire (PRPQ) was created to assess preferences regarding pain-related social support. The purpose of the present study was to empirically develop PRPQ scales and examine their psychometric properties. METHODS: A large university student sample (n=487) free of chronic pain completed the 39-item PRPQ. Factor analysis was applied to the data from the present sample to empirically develop PRPQ scales. Using a second student sample (n=87), relationships between the PRPQ scales and theoretically related measures were examined to evaluate the construct validity of the scales. Factor analysis supported four factors that reflected preferences for emotional and instrumental support, assistance in managing pain and emotions, having one’s pain ignored, and being encouraged to persist with one’s activities. Based on this analysis, scales labelled solicitude, management, suppression and encouragement were created. Correlation analyses supported the construct validity of these scales. CONCLUSIONS: The PRPQ is a psychometrically sound measure of preferences of pain-related social support. Research with clinical samples is needed to further evaluate its psychometric properties and clinical utility.

McWilliams, Lachlan A; Saldanha, Kate M; Dick, Bruce D; Watt, Margo C

2009-01-01

197

Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test  

Microsoft Academic Search

We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scale and a 3-point scale to assess several caretakers’ impressions of each horse’s temperament, on the basis of the norm and the horse’s tendencies in ordinary care and daily training. Factor analysis

Yukihide Momozawa; Tomoko Ono; Fumio Sato; Takefumi Kikusui; Yukari Takeuchi; Yuji Mori; Ryo Kusunose

2003-01-01

198

Development and evaluation of the Seattle Angina questionnaire: A new functional status measure for coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study sought to establish the validity, reproducibility and responsiveness of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, a 19-item self-administered questionnaire measuring five dimensions of coronary artery disease: physical limitation, anginal stability, anginal frequency, treatment satisfaction and disease perception.Background. Assessing the functional status of patients is becoming increasingly important in both clinical research and quality assurance programs. No current functional status

John A. Spertus; Jennifer A. Winder; Timothy A. Dewhurst; Richard A. Deyo; Janice Prodzinski; Mary McDonnell; Stephan D. Fihn

1995-01-01

199

Determination of ammonia in seawater by the indophenol-blue method: Evaluation of the ICES NUTS I\\/C 5 questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Replies to the questionnaire on the determination of ammonia, sent to participants in the Fifth ICES Intercomparison Exercise for nutrients in seawater, are evaluated. The conclusions provide some useful recommendations for analysts.Berthelot's reaction (formation of indophenol-blue) is the basis of the colorimetry used by the great majority of participants, and their individual methods are examined in detail. Application of the

A. Aminot; D. S. Kirkwood; R. Kérouel

1997-01-01

200

Reliability of Self-Report Measures of Drug Use in Prevention Research: Evaluation of the Project SMART Questionnaire via the Test-Retest Reliability Matrix.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an evaluation of a self-report questionnaire administered to seventh graders (N=396). Using the test-retest reliability matrix, eight of nine drug-use indices appeared to have acceptable to good reliability. The three measures included in the test-retest reliability matrix provide stronger evidence for good reliability than could any…

Graham, John W.; And Others

1984-01-01

201

A Computerized, Self-Administered Questionnaire to Evaluate Posttraumatic Stress Among Firefighters After the World Trade Center Collapse  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We sought to determine the frequency of psychological symptoms and elevated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) risk among New York City firefighters after the World Trade Center (WTC) attack and whether these measures were associated with Counseling Services Unit (CSU) use or mental health–related medical leave over the first 2.5 years after the attack. Methods. Shortly after the WTC attack, a computerized, binary-response screening questionnaire was administered. Exposure assessment included WTC arrival time and “loss of a co-worker while working at the collapse.” We determined elevated PTSD risk using thresholds derived from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, and a sensitivity-specificity analysis. Results. Of 8487 participants, 76% reported at least 1 symptom, 1016 (12%) met criteria for elevated PTSD risk, and 2389 (28%) self-referred to the CSU, a 5-fold increase from before the attack. Higher scores were associated with CSU use, functional job impairment, and mental health–related medical leave. Exposure–response gradients were significant for all outcomes. Conclusions. This screening tool effectively identified elevated PTSD risk, higher CSU use, and functional impairment among firefighters and therefore may be useful in allocating scarce postdisaster mental health resources.

Corrigan, Malachy; McWilliams, Rita; Kelly, Kerry J.; Niles, Justin; Cammarata, Claire; Jones, Kristina; Wartenberg, Daniel; Hallman, William K.; Kipen, Howard M.; Glass, Lara; Schorr, John K.; Feirstein, Ira

2009-01-01

202

Computer-administered neurobehavioral evaluation system for occupational and environmental epidemiology. Rationale, methodology, and pilot study results  

Microsoft Academic Search

To facilitate the conduct of epidemiologic studies of populations at risk for or suffering from central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction due to environmental agents, a computer-administered neurobehavioral evaluation system has been developed. The system includes a set of testing programs designed to run on a microcomputer and questionnaires to facilitate interpretation of results. Standard tasks evaluating memory, psychomotor function, verbal

E. L. Baker; R. Letz; A. Fidler

1985-01-01

203

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

204

Full Length Donor History Questionnaire  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. This document is one component of the donor history questionnaire documents (Version No. ... Full-Length Donor History Questionnaire ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

205

IRST assessment: first results and evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anti-ship missiles, especially seaskimmers, are severe threats for the ships of naval forces. Infrared Search and Track (IRST) systems offer the passive detection of such targets at long ranges. The performance requirements for such a warning system are very tough: the false alarm rate (FAR) shall not exceed one false alarm per day. To assess the performance of an IRST system (FAR, detection probability, range) a very large data set must be processed. For this purpose an IRST data acquisition and assessment system has been built. By means of this system a large amount of long IR image sequences can be measured, stored digitally, and processed in near real time. In 1997 two measurement campaigns with this system have been conducted, delivering a huge amount of image data with and without targets. Several sequences of this data have already been analyzed. The essential components of the built IRST data acquisition and assessment system are described. Details about one of the measurement campaigns are reported and samples of measured image data and first results are presented.

Gabler, Richard; Stein, Karin

1998-10-01

206

Psychological Inflexibility in Childhood and Adolescence: Development and Evaluation of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors describe the development and validation of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), a child-report measure of psychological inflexibility engendered by high levels of cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance. Consistent with the theory underlying acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), items converged into a…

Greco, Laurie A.; Lambert, Warren; Baer, Ruth A.

2008-01-01

207

Evaluation of Two New Scales Assessing Driving Anger: The Driving Anger Expression Inventory and the Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the validity of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) and Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ). Scales within the DAX and DATQ appeared to assess separate, correlated constructs. Aggressive forms of thinking and anger expression correlated positively with each other, trait driving anger, aggressive and risky behavior, some crash-related conditions, general trait anger, and general forms of anger

Jerry L. Deffenbacher; Gail S. White; Rebekah S. Lynch

2004-01-01

208

Psychometric Evaluation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form in Preschool Children Using Parent and Teacher Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Temperament is a developmentally important construct, hierarchically comprised of several lower-order dimensions subsumed under effortful control, negative affectivity, and surgency. The Children's Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF) was developed as a brief measure of the higher-order factors of temperament to aid researchers in…

Allan, Nicholas P.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Wilson, Shauna B.

2013-01-01

209

The Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation among college women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals differ in the intensity of exercise that they prefer and the intensity that they can tolerate. We examined the psychometric properties of the Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire (PRETIE-Q; Ekkekakis, Hall, & Petruzzello, 2005: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 350 – 374). A sample of 601 college women (mean age 20 years) completed the

Panteleimon Ekkekakis; Jennifer Thome; Steven J. Petruzzello; Eric E. Hall

2008-01-01

210

The Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation among college women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals differ in the intensity of exercise that they prefer and the intensity that they can tolerate. We examined the psychometric properties of the Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire (PRETIE-Q; Ekkekakis, Hall, & Petruzzello, 2005: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 350 - 374). A sample of 601 college women (mean age 20 years)

PANTELEIMON EKKEKAKIS; JENNIFER THOME; STEVEN J. PETRUZZELLO; ERIC E. HALL

2008-01-01

211

Development and evaluation of cultural food frequency questionnaires for South Asians, Chinese, and Europeans in North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed three ethnic food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) to characterize the diets of South Asian, Chinese, and European immigrants. FFQs were developed from foods reported in the diet records and recalls of 29 South Asians, 25 Chinese, and 20 Europeans participating in a pilot study from 1995–1996 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The FFQ and a seven-day diet record were then

Linda E. Kelemen; Sonia S. Anand; Vladimir Vuksan; Qilong Yi; Koon K. Teo; Sudarshan Devanesen; Salim Yusuf

2003-01-01

212

Psychometric Evaluation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form in Preschool Children Using Parent and Teacher Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Temperament is a developmentally important construct, hierarchically comprised of several lower-order dimensions subsumed under effortful control, negative affectivity, and surgency. The Children's Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF) was developed as a brief measure of the higher-order factors of temperament to aid researchers in…

Allan, Nicholas P.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Wilson, Shauna B.

2013-01-01

213

Validation of a soy food-frequency questionnaire and evaluation of correlates of plasma isoflavone concentrations in postmenopausal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Soy foods may have various health benefits, but lit- tle is known about the patterns and correlates of soy consumption among postmenopausal women in the United States. Objective: We assessed the reliability and validity of a soy food- frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and examined demographic, lifestyle, and dietary correlates of plasma isoflavone concentra- tions in postmenopausal women. Design: In this

Cara L Frankenfeld; Ruth E Patterson; Neilann K Horner; Marian L Neuhouser; Heather E Skor; Thomas F Kalhorn; William N Howald; Johanna W Lampe

214

Multisensor evaluation research: enhancement techniques and sensor evaluation results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper compares imagery from four mapping sensors and evaluates the utility of the imagery to support the function of cartographic feature analysis. The four sensors examined are: Landsat TM, SPOT, 5 M Landsat (simulated), and 1 M electro-optical. The feature analysis process is described, and a proposed experiment designed to compare feature analysis utility is discussed. The proposed experiment includes the use of both monoscopic and stereo imagery, as well as application of visual image enhancement techniques and supporting algorithms that facilitate image interpretation. The described techniques represent an initial basis for study of more automated multispectral and multisensor techniques. Also, the applicability of using multiresolution and multisensor techniques is discussed.

Duncan, Gary; Heidbreder, William H.; Hammack, James; Szpak, Casimir

1996-06-01

215

Knowledge, attitudes and decision-making in Czech women with atypical results of prenatal screening tests for the most common chromosomal and morphological congenital defects in the fetus: Selected questionnaire results.  

PubMed

AIMS: The primary aim was to investigate variables affecting compliance in pregnant women recommended for genetic consultation for abnormal screening test results, family predisposition or medical history. Our main focus was on a women's knowledge of particular screening tests, their initial feelings and changes in these feeling with time, as well as variables relevant to further decision making. METHODS: We used an anonymous questionnaire based on previous qualitative research. The questions were formulated by a medical geneticist, and the questionnaires were distributed prior to prenatal screening tests performed by doctors or trained nurses. The research cohort consisted of 271 women aged 16-42 years. Six hypotheses were tested using the statistical programme STATISTICA; significance levels were set to P<0.05. RESULTS: The questionnaire results showed insufficient knowledge. The women were confused about invasive, screening and ultrasound tests. Genetic test recommendation was largely associated with stress in these patients. Between recommendation and consultation, the women mostly looked for support from their partners. There was a surprisingly low percentage of women who looked for help from their medical specialists and a surprisingly high percentage of those who did not seek any help at all. CONCLUSION: Women's distress can be reduced if the information about recommended genetic consultation is conveyed correctly and this can also help them make the right informed decision about their future course of action. PMID:23774847

Skutilova, Vladana

2013-06-14

216

Toilet Training in Healthy Children: Results of a Questionnaire Study Involving Parents Who Make Use of Day-Care at Least Once a Week.  

PubMed

AIMS: To investigate how toilet training (TT) is dealt with and what the associated feelings are in Flemish families using day-care at least once a week. METHODS: A questionnaire was provided to 256 parents of healthy children between 15 and 35 months old, using day-care every week. Data were analyzed using SPSS18.0. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-two questionnaires were completed (response rate: 87%), of which 221 were valid. The overall results show that the start of TT and method used are mainly in line with current recommendations, and that the cooperation between parents and day-care is seen as positive, providing support for the parents in guiding their child in the TT-process. Most parents (74%) stated that day-care and parents should play an equal role in the TT-process. However, 17% of the parents experienced uncertainty, stress, and/or frustration related to TT. This percentage increased to 30% when asked about the right moment to start TT. Moreover, 18% of the parents reported a lack of time to guide their child in the TT-process. Eighteen percent of the parents agreed that responsibility for TT is increasingly passed on to day-care, while 46% remained undecided. In addition, 40% of the parents had no idea whether they used the same TT method as the day-care center. CONCLUSIONS: The results, in general, reflect a positive image of how TT is dealt with. However, several concerns were raised about the shared TT between parents and day-care, implying that further research on this topic is needed. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:23495098

Kaerts, Nore; Vermandel, Alexandra; Van Hal, Guido; Wyndaele, Jean-Jacques

2013-03-12

217

Evaluation of the Modifid Jebsen Test of Hand Function and the University of Maryland Arm Questionnaire for Stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the concurrent validity and test–retest reliability of the Modified Jebsen Test of Hand Function (MJT) and the University of Maryland Arm Questionnaire for Stroke (UMAQS).Design: Individuals with acquired neurological disorders were retested within an average of 9.6 days after the first assessment.Setting: Individuals were recruited from two specialist rehabilitation units, members of the Multiple Sclerosis Society and

T JH BovendEerdt; H Dawes; H Johansen-Berg; D T Wade

2004-01-01

218

Relationship between Behavioral Lifestyle and Mental Health Status Evaluated Using the GHQ28 and SDS Questionnaires in Japanese Factory Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to clarify the relationships between lifestyle behaviors and mental health status in Japanese workers, the 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were administered to 254 male factory workers; further, eight of their personal health practices were surveyed using the Health Practice Index (HPI). Few studies have used the GHQ-28 and SDS simultaneously; moreover,

Miyuki SUDA; Kunio NAKAYAMA; Kanehisa MORIMOTO

2007-01-01

219

Repeatability of a telephone questionnaire on cat-ownership patterns and pet-owner demographics evaluation in a community in Texas, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The repeatability of a telephone questionnaire on cat-ownership patterns, demographics and attitudes towards homeless cats in a community was evaluated. Randomly selected households (n=100) within Caldwell, Texas, were included in the study. The response percentage was 84% (100\\/119) among those contacted and 75% (100\\/134) among all eligible respondents. Repeatability was measured by administering the same survey twice to the first

M. E. Ramon; M. R. Slater; M. P. Ward; R. R. Lopez

2008-01-01

220

Evaluation of the Functional Status Questionnaire in Heart Failure: A Sub-study of the Second Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Survival Study (CIBIS-II)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims  We evaluated a generic quality of life (QoL) Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), in patients with chronic heart failure\\u000a (CHF). The FSQ assesses the 3 main dimensions of QoL: physical functioning, mental health and social role. It also includes\\u000a 6 single item questions about: work status, frequency of social interactions, satisfaction with sexual relationships, days\\u000a in bed, days with restricted activity

Siobhan Gallanagh; Davide Castagno; Ben Wilson; Erland Erdmann; Faiez Zannad; Willem J. Remme; José L. Lopez-Sendon; Philippe Lechat; Ferenc Follath; Christer Höglund; Viacheslav Mareev; Zygmunt Sadowski; Ricardo J. Seabra-Gomes; Henry J. Dargie; John J. V. McMurray

2011-01-01

221

Reliability and Validity of Simplified Chinese Version of Roland-Morris Questionnaire in Evaluating Rural and Urban Patients with Low Back Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe causes of low back pain in China and Western countries are extremely different. We attempted to analyze the risk factors of low back pain in urban and rural patients under the dual economy with the simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (SC-RMDQ) to demonstrate that SC-RMDQ could evaluate patients with low back pain arising from different causes.MethodsRoland-Morris disability

Honglei Yi; Xinran Ji; Xianzhao Wei; Ziqiang Chen; Xinhui Wang; Xiaodong Zhu; Wei Zhang; Jiayu Chen; Diqing Zhang; Ming Li

2012-01-01

222

Non-formal educator use of evaluation results.  

PubMed

Increasing demands for accountability in educational programming have resulted in increasing calls for program evaluation in educational organizations. Many organizations include conducting program evaluations as part of the job responsibilities of program staff. Cooperative Extension is a complex organization offering non-formal educational programs through land grant universities. Many Extension services require non-formal educational program evaluations be conducted by field-based Extension educators. Evaluation research has focused primarily on the efforts of professional, external evaluators. The work of program staff with many responsibilities including program evaluation has received little attention. This study examined how field based Extension educators (i.e. program staff) in four Extension services use the results of evaluations of programs that they have conducted themselves. Four types of evaluation use are measured and explored; instrumental use, conceptual use, persuasive use and process use. Results indicate that there are few programmatic changes as a result of evaluation findings among the non-formal educators surveyed in this study. Extension educators tend to use evaluation results to persuade others about the value of their programs and learn from the evaluation process. Evaluation use is driven by accountability measures with very little program improvement use as measured in this study. Practical implications include delineating accountability and program improvement tasks within complex organizations in order to align evaluation efforts and to improve the results of both. There is some evidence that evaluation capacity building efforts may be increasing instrumental use by educators evaluating their own programs. PMID:22410165

Baughman, Sarah; Boyd, Heather H; Franz, Nancy K

2011-12-08

223

Summary of Questionnaire Results. Sub-Committee on the Status of Supervision of the CEE Commission on Supervision and Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate conditions for and current practices among supervisors of English language arts, a 20-item questionnaire was mailed to 350 language arts supervisors. By the April 1, 1983, deadline date, 96 had returned completed questionnaires. Of these, 62 respondents held positions at the school district level, 29 held positions at the state or…

Cook, Gillian; And Others

224

Use of a modified Comprehensive Pain Evaluation Questionnaire: Characteristics and functional status of patients on entry to a tertiary care pain clinic  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: With increasing knowledge of chronic pain, clinicians have attempted to assess chronic pain patients with lengthy assessment tools. OBJECTIVES: To describe the functional and emotional status of patients presenting to a tertiary care pain clinic; to assess the reliability and validity of a diagnostic classification system for chronic pain patients modelled after the Multidimensional Pain Inventory; to provide psychometric data on a modified Comprehensive Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (CPEQ); and to evaluate the relationship between the modified CPEQ construct scores and clusters with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition – Text Revision Pain Disorder diagnoses. METHODS: Data on 300 new patients over the course of nine months were collected using standardized assessment procedures plus a modified CPEQ at the Comprehensive Pain Program, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario. RESULTS: Cluster analysis of the modified CPEQ revealed three patient profiles, labelled Adaptive Copers, Dysfunctional, and Interpersonally Distressed, which closely resembled those previously reported. The distribution of modified CPEQ construct T scores across profile subtypes was similar to that previously reported for the original CPEQ. A novel finding was that of a strong relationship between the modified CPEQ clusters and constructs with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition – Text Revision Pain Disorder diagnoses. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The CPEQ, either the original or modified version, yields reproducible results consistent with the results of other studies. This technique may usefully classify chronic pain patients, but more work is needed to determine the meaning of the CPEQ clusters, what psychological or biomedical variables are associated with CPEQ constructs or clusters, and whether this instrument may assist in treatment planning or predict response to treatment.

Nelli, Jennifer M; Nicholson, Keith; Lakha, S Fatima; Louffat, Ada F; Chapparo, Luis; Furlan, Julio; Mailis-Gagnon, Angela

2012-01-01

225

Which Outcome Measure is the Best? Evaluating Responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale Following Hand and Wrist Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand\\u000a (DASH) questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ), and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) in patients\\u000a with carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist pain, finger contracture, or tumor. Eighty-one subjects prospectively completed each questionnaire\\u000a shortly before and 3 and 6 months after surgery.

Catherine R. McMillan; Paul A. Binhammer

2009-01-01

226

Evaluation of doctoral nursing education in Japan by students, graduates, and faculty: a comparative study based on a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

PubMed

Evaluation of doctoral education in nursing is needed with the rapid increase in doctoral nursing programs in Japan. This study aimed to compare the evaluations of doctoral nursing education by students, graduates, and faculty. All 46 doctoral nursing programs in Japan were target settings. 127 students who had been in the doctoral program, 24 graduates and 87 faculty members had responded to the survey. A questionnaire with 17 items for program evaluation, 12 items for faculty evaluation, 9 items for resource evaluation, and 3 for overall evaluations was distributed in November and December 2008. Responses to 1 program evaluation item, 2 faculty evaluation items and 4 resource evaluation items indicated significant differences among evaluators. While 79.2% of graduates responded positively that the number of faculty members was sufficient to facilitate learning, only 36.1% of faculty members and 49.6% of students responded affirmatively. Graduates' ratings were the most positive and faculty members were the least positive, especially for infrastructure or equipment such as libraries, computers, and the number of technical and support staff. The significant differences among the evaluators suggested that having evaluators in various roles is important to evaluate the quality of doctoral nursing education. PMID:21665333

Nagata, Satoko; Gregg, Misuzu F; Miki, Yuko; Arimoto, Azusa; Murashima, Sachiyo; Kim, Mi Ja

2011-06-12

227

Evaluation of the French version of the Orientation Towards Chocolate Questionnaire: chocolate-related guilt and ambivalence are associated with overweight and disordered eating.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were firstly to evaluate the psychometric properties of the French version of the Orientation towards Chocolate Questionnaire (OCQ), secondly to examine differences in chocolate craving as a function of weight status, and thirdly to examine the OCQ craving dimensions as predictors of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Participants included 247 female students from the University of Toulouse, France, who completed measures of chocolate craving, body dissatisfaction, bulimia, drive for thinness, and emotional eating, and for whom body mass index (BMI) was available. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor model of the OCQ, with guilt, approach, and avoidance subscales. Patterns of endorsement of chocolate craving dimensions differed according to weight status, with ambivalence present only amongst overweight participants. Guilt and approach were positively associated with disordered eating, whereas avoidance was negatively associated with bulimia. These results confirm the validity and reliability of the French version of the OCQ and highlight strong associations between chocolate craving dimensions and disordered eating patterns. PMID:22051356

Rodgers, Rachel F; Stritzke, Werner G K; Bui, Eric; Franko, Debra L; Chabrol, Henri

2011-07-21

228

Psychometric evaluation of a questionnaire and primary healthcare nurses' attitudes towards research and use of research findings.  

PubMed

AIM: This article investigates attitudes towards and awareness of research and use of research findings among primary healthcare nurses, determinants of attitudes and evaluation of psychometric properties of an instrument measuring nurses' attitudes. BACKGROUND: The production of new knowledge is ongoing and the amount of research of relevance for health care has increased, but there remains a gap between what is known and what is done in practice. To enhance evidence-based practice and patient safety, the use of research findings needs to be encouraged and promoted. METHOD: An explanatory study using a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005-2006. The survey included items about background data and the instrument attitudes towards and awareness of research and development in nursing. 1054 nurses participated in the study. Factor analyses and Cronbach's alpha were used to evaluate internal structure and internal consistency of the instrument. RESULT: The nurses generally held positive attitudes towards research. Although most of the nurses reported using research in practice, 37% claimed that they never or rarely used research findings. Half of the respondents perceived they had the ability to analyse scientific reports/articles. This ability and research use were significant determinants of attitudes. Factor analysis of the scale resulted in a three-factor solution, which differs from the seven-factor structure previously identified by the originators of the instrument. CONCLUSION: Our results support the view that implementation of research is a complex process involving several factors. The different factor structure identified suggests that further work is needed on this instrument. PMID:23517064

Nilsson Kajermo, Kerstin; Alinaghizadeh, Hassan; Falk, Ulla; Wändell, Per; Törnkvist, Lena

2013-03-20

229

PPTA Donor History Questionnaire Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA's “Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

230

Leadership Perceptions of Results and Return on Investment Training Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to validate whether the literature on high level training evaluation (level four results and level five return on investment) accurately reflected the expectations of organizational leaders regarding training evaluation reports. The researcher was interested in what high level training evaluation was being conducted at…

Preston, Kevin F.

2010-01-01

231

Leadership Perceptions of Results and Return on Investment Training Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to validate whether the literature on high level training evaluation (level four results and level five return on investment) accurately reflected the expectations of organizational leaders regarding training evaluation reports. The researcher was interested in what high level training evaluation was being conducted at…

Preston, Kevin F.

2010-01-01

232

Questionnaire survey evaluating disease-related knowledge for 149 primary gout patients and 184 doctors in South China.  

PubMed

This study aims to investigate the disease-related knowledge of gout patients and doctors in south China and to identify the important targets of education for patients and doctors. A cross-section survey of 154 primary gout patients and 185 doctors who may see gout patients was conducted with a modified questionnaire with ten items of gout-related knowledge. The participants were considered to have gout-related knowledge if he or she correctly answered seven or more items. One hundred and forty-nine valid questionnaires from patients, 33 from rheumatology physicians, and 151 from non-rheumatology doctors were collected for statistical analysis. The mean correctly answered items of three groups were 6.6?±?2.2, 9.6?±?0.53, and 8.0?±?1.4, with rate of being considered to have knowledge about gout 51.7, 100, and 90.1 %, respectively (P?

Li, Qian-Hua; Dai, Lie; Li, Zhao-Xia; Liu, Hai-Jun; Zou, Chan-Juan; Ou-Yang, Xia; Lu, Meng; Li, Ting; Li, Yan-Hua; Mo, Yin-Qian; Schumacher, H Ralph

2013-07-16

233

Awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons toward scientific manuscripts, publishing internationally and medical writing. Results of an online questionnaire.  

PubMed

The objective of this survey was to identify the importance placed by Croatian-based surgeons on writing scientific manuscripts and publishing them internationally, as well as their awareness of and attitudes toward medical writing. A link to an online survey was sent to 327 Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons. The electronic questionnaire consisted of rating scales, multiple choice questions and free text reply boxes. A total of 61 surgeons based in Croatia replied to the survey, yielding a response rate of 19% (61/327). The survey results indicate that surgeons in Croatia are active in both research and the writing of manuscripts. There is also a high level of interest among them to publish internationally in English to further their careers. While 68% (38/56) of respondents initially claimed to know about medical writing, further questioning on the subject revealed a reduced level of familiarity with the concept. Only 19% (11/58) of respondents had ever engaged the services of a medical writer and they were generally satisfied with the work done across the three areas of language, editing and scientific knowledge. Medical writers are advised to increase awareness of their services among Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons who may well have a need for their expertise. PMID:23697268

De Faoite, Diarmuid; Bakota, Bore; Staresini?, Mario; Kopljar, Mario; Cvjetko, Ivan; Dobri?, Ivan

2013-03-01

234

Dimensionality of the Knee Numeric-Entity Evaluation Score (KNEES-ACL): A condition-specific questionnaire.  

PubMed

The benefit of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been questioned based on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Valid interpretation of such results requires confirmation of the psychometric properties of the PROM. Rasch analysis is the gold standard for validation of PROMs, yet PROMs used for ACL reconstruction have not been validated using Rasch analysis. We used Rasch analysis to investigate the psychometric properties of the Knee Numeric-Entity Evaluation Score (KNEES-ACL), a newly developed PROM for patients treated for ACL deficiency. Two-hundred forty-two patients pre- and post-ACL reconstruction completed the pilot PROM. Rasch models were used to assess the psychometric properties (e.g., unidimensionality, local response dependency, and differential item functioning). Forty-one items distributed across seven unidimensional constructs measuring impairment, functional limitations, and psychosocial consequences were confirmed to fit Rasch models. Fourteen items were removed because of statistical lack of fit and inadequate face validity. Local response dependency and differential item functioning were identified and adjusted. The KNEES-ACL is the first Rasch-validated condition-specific PROM constructed for patients with ACL deficiency and patients with ACL reconstruction. Thus, this instrument can be used for within- and between-group comparisons. PMID:23682990

Comins, J D; Krogsgaard, M R; Kreiner, S; Brodersen, J

2013-05-20

235

Study to Establish Ojeok-san (Five Accumulation Powder: Wu Ji San) Administration Criteria and a Questionnaire to Evaluate the Holistic Effects of Ojeok-san on Patients with Low Back Pain.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives: The study objectives were to establish Ojeok-san (Five Accumulation powder: Wu Ji San) administration criteria and a questionnaire to evaluate the holistic effects of Ojeok-san on patients with low back pain (LBP). Methods: Texts and literatures, recommended by specialists, were searched to gather Ojeok-san-related symptoms. Then, the opinions of Oriental Medicine Doctors (OMDs) practicing in Seoul were surveyed to ask which symptoms they consider the most in clinical practice. Based on the survey, selection of potential items for the questionnaire was made. The final version was established based on the results of the survey and Delphi process of musculoskeletal diseases specialists. In order to evaluate the reliability and validity of the newly developed assessment tool (Ojeok-san Low Back Questionnaire: OLQ), patients with chronic LBP were recruited. OLQ and other tools such as visual analogue scale, numeric rating scale, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Modified-Modified Schober test, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey were applied to the subjects in a 2-week interval. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent and discrimination validity were assessed. Results: A total of 90 potential items were generated by the research team. One hundred and two (102) OMDs fully replied to the survey. Based on the survey results, 34 items were initially selected as potential items. Through Delphi method of experts, 10 top items, rated more than 5 points on a scale of 10, were finally established. The 10 items were each established as a response scale of 0-10 (0 as no symptom and 10 as the most excessive form of symptom). Based on the above stages, an initial OLQ was established and used in the evaluation phase. The validity and reliability of OLQ assessment results showed high test-retest reliability, intraclass correlation coefficient, and internal consistency. Conclusions: The newly developed Ojeok-san administration criteria and questionnaire may be a promising tool for future Oriental medicine clinical study protocols. PMID:23373442

Kim, Eun-Jung; Nam, Dongwoo; Ahn, Byung-Jin; Lee, Seung-Deok; Lee, Jae-Dong; Kim, Kap-Sung

2013-02-01

236

Correlates of Staying Safe Behaviors Among Long-Term Injection Drug Users: Psychometric Evaluation of the Staying Safe Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

We report on psychometric properties of a new questionnaire to study long-term strategies, practices and tactics that may help injection drug users (IDUs) avoid infection with HIV and hepatitis C. Sixty-two long-term IDUs were interviewed in New York City in 2009. Five scales based on a total of 47 items were formed covering the following domains: stigma avoidance, withdrawal prevention, homeless safety, embedding safety within a network of users, and access to resources/social support. All scales (? ? .79) except one (? = .61) were highly internally consistent. Seven single-item measures related to drug use reduction and injection practices were also analyzed. All variables were classified as either belonging to a group of symbiotic processes that are not directly focused upon disease prevention but nonetheless lead to risk reduction indirectly or as variables describing prevention tactics in risky situations. Symbiotic processes can be conceived of as unintentional facilitators of safe behaviors. Associations among variables offer suggestions for potential interventions. These Staying Safe variables can be used as predictors of risk behaviors and/or biological outcomes.

Vazan, Peter; Mateu-Gelabert, Pedro; Cleland, Charles M.; Sandoval, Milagros

2012-01-01

237

Correlates of staying safe behaviors among long-term injection drug users: psychometric evaluation of the staying safe questionnaire.  

PubMed

We report on psychometric properties of a new questionnaire to study long-term strategies, practices and tactics that may help injection drug users (IDUs) avoid infection with HIV and hepatitis C. Sixty-two long-term IDUs were interviewed in New York City in 2009. Five scales based on a total of 47 items were formed covering the following domains: stigma avoidance, withdrawal prevention, homeless safety, embedding safety within a network of users, and access to resources/social support. All scales (? ? .79) except one (? = .61) were highly internally consistent. Seven single-item measures related to drug use reduction and injection practices were also analyzed. All variables were classified as either belonging to a group of symbiotic processes that are not directly focused upon disease prevention but nonetheless lead to risk reduction indirectly or as variables describing prevention tactics in risky situations. Symbiotic processes can be conceived of as unintentional facilitators of safe behaviors. Associations among variables offer suggestions for potential interventions. These Staying Safe variables can be used as predictors of risk behaviors and/or biological outcomes. PMID:22038081

Vazan, Peter; Mateu-Gelabert, Pedro; Cleland, Charles M; Sandoval, Milagros; Friedman, Samuel R

2012-08-01

238

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers

1992-01-01

239

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire For Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers; David Winemiller; Nancy Heilman; Mary Werle; Tria Murphy; Lydia Cardone

1992-01-01

240

Obesity as a major determinant of underreporting in a self-administered food frequency questionnaire: Results from the EPIC-Potsdam study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The phenomenon of underreporting of dietary intake has been observed previously in many epidemiologic studies. In this study it was investigated whether dependencies exist between energy intake obtained by a semi-quantitative, self-administered food frequency questionnaire and lifestyle or anthropometric factors, particularly obesity.

S. Voss; A. Kroke; K. Klipstein-Grobusch; H. Boeing

1997-01-01

241

Evaluating Multiple Prevention Programs: Methods, Results, and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extension faculty and agents/educators are increasingly collaborating with local and state agencies to provide and evaluate multiple, distinct programs, yet there is limited information about measuring outcomes and combining results across similar program types. This article explicates the methods and outcomes of a state-level evaluation of…

Adler-Baeder, Francesca; Kerpelman, Jennifer; Griffin, Melody M.; Schramm, David G.

2010-01-01

242

Preliminary Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Therapeutic Alliance with Clinician (TAC) Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a broader study aimed at evaluating perceived alliance with service providers and level of satisfaction with services received, 103 monolingual Spanish speaking Hispanic women were interviewed. Participants were receiving ongoing behavioral health treatment at three different community service provider sites located in the greater New…

Bedregal, Luis E.; Paris, Manuel Jr.; Anez, Luis M.; Shahar, Golan; Davidson, Larry

2006-01-01

243

An outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy: Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ): Part 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  An outcome measure to evaluate the neurological function of cervical myelopathy was proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association\\u000a in 1975 (JOA score), and has been widely used in Japan. However, the JOA score does not include patients’ satisfaction, disability,\\u000a handicaps, or general health, which can be affected by cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this study was to develop a new

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shin-ichi Kikuchi; Shin-ichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

244

Building an Evaluative Culture: The Key to Effective Evaluation and Results Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As many reviews of results-based performance systems have noted, a weak evaluative culture in an organization undermines attempts at building an effective evaluation and/or results management regime. This article sets out what constitutes a strong evaluative culture where information on performance results is deliberately sought in order to learn…

Mayne, John

2009-01-01

245

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

246

[Evaluation of treatment results in patients operated for aneurysm].  

PubMed

The evaluation of the surgical results in patients operated on for intracranial aneurysms is still controversial, since a satisfactory method able to provide complete informations and ease to use is not still available. The more often used evaluation criteria provide standardized patterns, but the excessive simplifications affect the reliability of the final evaluation. Therefore, I suggest a brand new scale called Clinical Social Emotional Evaluation (CESE), based upon the following domains: neurological evaluation, psychomotor autonomy, return to prior job, behavioural and affective disorders, social reintegration and occurrence of seizures. In order to validate this scale, 190 patients operated on for intracranial aneurysms were assessed. Different scales provided different results. In detail, the number of the "best results" according to CESE was smaller (48%) when compared to the number provided by GOS (80%) and Rankin (62%). Nevertheless, the smaller amount of good results does not imply an overall worsening of the outcome. It is due to the different selection criteria employed by the diverse scales. Indeed, CESE selects groups of patients very homogeneously, whilst other scales include much more heterogeneous subjects. Thus, CESE would prove it-self to be a reliable, accurate and easy to use evaluation scale. PMID:9773669

De Santis, A

1998-05-01

247

Connecticut Transit (CTTRANSIT) Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

SciTech Connect

This report provides preliminary results from a National Renewable Energy Laboratory evaluation of a protoptye fuel cell transit bus operating at Connecticut Transit in Hartford. Included are descriptions of the planned fuel cell bus demonstration and equipment; early results and agency experience are also provided.

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2008-10-01

248

Evaluation Use: Results from a Survey of U.S. American Evaluation Association Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional survey on evaluation use completed by 1,140 U.S. American Evaluation Association members. This study had three foci: evaluators' current attitudes, perceptions, and experiences related to evaluation use theory and practice, how these data are similar to those reported in a previous study…

Fleischer, Dreolin N.; Christie, Christina A.

2009-01-01

249

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

250

[Survey of types of repercussions as a result of performance evaluation in hospital nursing].  

PubMed

This article is part of a study about performance evaluation in nursing and aims to identify and describe the measures adopted on the basis of the nursing staff performance evaluation that was carried out at municipal district hospitals in the Paraiba Valley Region - São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire, which was applied among the nurses in charge of the Nursing or Continuous Education Services. The obtained data allowed us to verify that, although 66.7% of the hospitals do not have a Continuous Education Service, 80.9% carry out performance evaluation and indicate the adoption of several measures according to the observed results. Educational measures prevailed, such as: orientation (97.0%), training (79.4%), updating/recycling (70.6%) and discussion of the result with the employee (88.2%). It was also verified that, in a significant percentage of the hospitals, the performance evaluation results do not only offer support for promotions (20.6%) and several incentives (58.8%), but also for employees' dismissal (58.8%). PMID:15122406

Balbueno, Edméia Assini; Nozawa, Márcia Regina

2004-04-27

251

Collaborative Examinations for Asynchronous Learning Networks: Evaluation Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the evaluation results of two student surveys on a collaborative examination process using ALN for a graduate-level course at NJIT. The exam process includes students making up questions, picking out questions, answering, grading, and appealing the grades. The process was conducted on the Virtual Classroom® and Webboard® during the fall 1999 and spring 2000 semesters, with some

Jia Shen; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Kung-e Cheng; Yooncheong Cho; Michael Bieber

2001-01-01

252

Participant evaluation results for two indoor air quality studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

After two surveys for indoor air pollutants (radon and other chemicals) the homeowners were surveyed for their reactions. The results of these participant evaluation surveys, assuming that the participants that responded to the survey were representative, indicate that homeowners will accept a significant level of monitoring activity as part of an indoor air quality field study. Those participants completing surveys

A. R. Hawthorne; C. S. Dudney; M. A. Cohen; J. D. Spengler

1987-01-01

253

Functional Evaluation of the Results of Hypospadias Surgery with Uroflowmetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the role of uroflowmetry in the evaluation of the functional results of hypospadias repair we retrospectively reviewed the records of 32 patients who underwent hypospadias repair with urethral reconstruction (mean age 2.4 years and mean followup 3.6 years). Patients with a plateau pattern and a maximum flow rate 2 standard deviations below the mean for age, body surface

Jorge Tapia Garibay; Churphena Reid; Ricardo Gonzalez

1995-01-01

254

Evaluating Equating Results: Percent Relative Error for Chained Kernel Equating  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a method for evaluating equating results. Within the kernel equating framework, the percent relative error (PRE) for chained equipercentile equating was computed under the nonequivalent groups with anchor test (NEAT) design. The method was applied to two data sets to obtain the PRE, which can be used to measure equating…

Jiang, Yanlin; von Davier, Alina A.; Chen, Haiwen

2012-01-01

255

Results from commercial size crop biomass furnace evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Results from a project demonstrate the logistical and technical feasibility of burning straw, cornstalks, and other regionally plentiful crop biomass to produce usable thermal energy for air or hot water heating. A modified domestically produced direct burning biomass furnace was evaluated with respect to various operating characteristics.

Click, L.S.; Marquis, J.A.

1987-01-01

256

Evaluation of Hydraulic Test Model (HTM) flow distribution test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CRBR steam generator Hydraulic Test Model (HTM) flow distribution test results were evaluated, and it is found that the performance degradation due to the flow nonuniformity observed in the HTM test is negligible; 0.06% for the evaporator and nil for the superheater. Also, the fact that ambient temperature water was used in the test instead of hot sodium with

Y. J. Lee

1977-01-01

257

[A continuous 4-year evaluation of medical informatics education in a graduate school of health sciences using a questionnaire survey].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify the level of awareness among undergraduate students regarding medical informatics and to ascertain whether educational training has progressed with time in the Department of Health Sciences at Hirosaki University, Japan, which is a co-medical staff training institution that conducts a 4-year university course in medical informatics. The university accepts students who have completed the 3rd grade of medical licensing tests and who have attended the medical informatics lectures for 4 years (2007-2010). The ratio of first sight terminology percentage in any given fiscal year in all the 30 terminology categories varied widely from 0% to 80%, but the trend in various categories did not vary between fiscal years. The terminology of informatics under medical technology students obtained high scores of 52.5-77.3% after attending courses, which was higher compared with students from other classes. On the other hand, student nurses and occupational therapy students obtained 0-44.2%. Each class scored a high percentage of correct answers in the medical information-related terminology. Among the radiology students who attended the classes, the percentage of correct answers in categories of "digital imaging and communication in medicine" and "picture archiving and communication system" were lower than other medical terminology categories. These results reflect the gaps in educational curriculum of 1st and 2nd grades of medical licensing tests. PMID:23358336

Monzen, Satoru; Matsutani, Hideya; Kashiwakura, Ikuo

2013-01-01

258

Results of advanced batter technology evaluations for electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect

Advanced battery technology evaluations are performed under simulated electric-vehicle operating conditions at the Analysis Diagnostic Laboratory (ADL) of Argonne National Laboratory. The ADL results provide insight Into those factors that limit battery performance and life. The ADL facilities include a test laboratory to conduct battery experimental evaluations under simulated application conditions and a post-test analysis laboratory to determine, In a protected atmosphere if needed, component compositional changes and failure mechanisms. This paper summarizes the performance characterizations and life evaluations conducted during 1991--1992 on both single cells and multi-cell modules that encompass eight battery technologies (Na/S, Li/MS (M=metal), Ni/MH, Ni/Cd, Ni/Zn, Ni/Fe, Zn/Br, and Pb-acid). These evaluations were performed for the Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division, and the Electric Power Research Institute. The ADL provides a common basis for battery performance characterization and life evaluations with unbiased application of tests and analyses. The results help identify the most-promising R D approaches for overcoming battery limitations, and provide battery users, developers, and program managers with a measure of the progress being made in battery R D programs, a comparison of battery technologies, and basic data for modeling.

DeLuca, W.H.; Gillie, K.R.; Kulaga, J.E.; Smaga, J.A.; Tummillo, A.F.; Webster, C.E.

1992-01-01

259

Results of advanced battery technology evaluations for electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect

Advanced battery technology evaluations are performed under simulated electric-vehicle operating conditions at the Analysis & Diagnostic Laboratory (ADL) of Argonne National Laboratory. The ADL results provide insight Into those factors that limit battery performance and life. The ADL facilities include a test laboratory to conduct battery experimental evaluations under simulated application conditions and a post-test analysis laboratory to determine, In a protected atmosphere if needed, component compositional changes and failure mechanisms. This paper summarizes the performance characterizations and life evaluations conducted during 1991--1992 on both single cells and multi-cell modules that encompass eight battery technologies [Na/S, Li/MS (M=metal), Ni/MH, Ni/Cd, Ni/Zn, Ni/Fe, Zn/Br, and Pb-acid]. These evaluations were performed for the Department of Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division, and the Electric Power Research Institute. The ADL provides a common basis for battery performance characterization and life evaluations with unbiased application of tests and analyses. The results help identify the most-promising R&D approaches for overcoming battery limitations, and provide battery users, developers, and program managers with a measure of the progress being made in battery R&D programs, a comparison of battery technologies, and basic data for modeling.

DeLuca, W.H.; Gillie, K.R.; Kulaga, J.E.; Smaga, J.A.; Tummillo, A.F.; Webster, C.E.

1992-09-01

260

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

PubMed

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be possible in HoLEP than in TUR-P. PMID:22089150

Ishikawa, Kiyohito; Maruyama, Takahiro; Kusaka, Mamoru; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka

2011-10-01

261

Validities of the Signed and Unsigned Lecture Questionnaires Using the Item Response Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often raise a question that whether the lecture questionnaires are necessary or not. In this paper, we first show the recent statistical analysis for the official unsigned questionnaire evaluation results took in our faculty. We have found that: (1) the evaluation scores of lectures by students have been rising up year by year, which…

Hirose, Hideo

2011-01-01

262

Construction of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

263

Process evaluation results from the HEALTHY physical education intervention.  

PubMed

Process evaluation is an assessment of the implementation of an intervention. A process evaluation component was embedded in the HEALTHY study, a primary prevention trial for Type 2 diabetes implemented over 3 years in 21 middle schools across the United States. The HEALTHY physical education (PE) intervention aimed at maximizing student engagement in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity through delivery of structured lesson plans by PE teachers. Process evaluation data collected via class observations and interventionist interviews assessed fidelity, dose delivered, implementor participation, dose received and barriers. Process evaluation results indicate a high level of fidelity in implementing HEALTHY PE activities and offering 225 min of PE every 10 school days. Concerning dose delivered, students were active for approximately 33 min of class, representing an average of 61% of the class time. Results also indicate that PE teachers were generally engaged in implementing the HEALTHY PE curriculum. Data on dose received showed that students were highly engaged with the PE intervention; however, student misbehavior was the most common barrier observed during classes. Other barriers included teacher disengagement, large classes, limited gym space and poor classroom management. Findings suggest that the PE intervention was generally implemented and received as intended despite several barriers. PMID:22156231

Hall, William J; Zeveloff, Abigail; Steckler, Allan; Schneider, Margaret; Thompson, Deborah; Pham, Trang; Volpe, Stella L; Hindes, Katie; Sleigh, Adriana; McMurray, Robert G

2011-12-08

264

Evaluation of LOINC for Representing Constitutional Cytogenetic Test Result Reports  

PubMed Central

Genetic testing is becoming increasingly important to medical practice. Integrating genetics and genomics data into electronic medical records is crucial in translating genetic discoveries into improved patient care. Information technology, especially Clinical Decision Support Systems, holds great potential to help clinical professionals take full advantage of genomic advances in their daily medical practice. However, issues relating to standard terminology and information models for exchanging genetic testing results remain relatively unexplored. This study evaluates whether the current LOINC standard is adequate to represent constitutional cytogenetic test result reports using sample result reports from ARUP Laboratories. The results demonstrate that current standard terminology is insufficient to support the needs of coding cytogenetic test results. The terminology infrastructure must be developed before clinical information systems will be able to handle the high volumes of genetic data expected in the near future.

Heras, Yan Z.; Mitchell, Joyce A.; Williams, Marc S.; Brothman, Arthur R.; Huff, Stanley M.

2009-01-01

265

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

266

Participant evaluation results for two indoor air quality studies  

SciTech Connect

After two surveys for indoor air pollutants (radon and other chemicals) the homeowners were surveyed for their reactions. The results of these participant evaluation surveys, assuming that the participants that responded to the survey were representative, indicate that homeowners will accept a significant level of monitoring activity as part of an indoor air quality field study. Those participants completing surveys overwhelmingly enjoyed being in the studies and would do it again. We believe that the emphasis placed on positive homeowner interactions and efforts made to inform participants throughout our studies were positive factors in this result. There was no substantial differences noted in the responses between the 70-house study, which included a homeowner compensation payment of $100, and the 300-house study, which did not include a compensation payment. These results provide encouragement to conduct future complex, multipollutant indoor air quality studies when they are scientifically sound and cost effective.

Hawthorne, A.R.; Dudney, C.S.; Cohen, M.A.; Spengler, J.D.

1987-01-01

267

Introducing a short version of the physical self description questionnaire: new strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications of factor analyses.  

PubMed

Based on the Physical Self Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) normative archive (n = 1,607 Australian adolescents), 40 of 70 items were selected to construct a new short form (PSDQ-S). The PSDQ-S was evaluated in a new cross-validation sample of 708 Australian adolescents and four additional samples: 349 Australian elite-athlete adolescents, 986 Spanish adolescents, 395 Israeli university students, 760 Australian older adults. Across these six groups, the 11 PSDQ-S factors had consistently high reliabilities and invariant factor structures. Study 1, using a missing-by-design variation of multigroup invariance tests, showed invariance across 40 PSDQ-S items and 70 PSDQ items. Study 2 demonstrated factorial invariance over a 1-year interval (test-retest correlations .57-.90; Mdn = .77), and good convergent and discriminant validity in relation to time. Study 3 showed good and nearly identical support for convergent and discriminant validity of PSDQ and PSDQ-S responses in relation to two other physical self-concept instruments. PMID:20733208

Marsh, Herbert W; Martin, Andrew J; Jackson, Susan

2010-08-01

268

Real time evaluation of monolateral clubfoot with sonoelastography. Preliminary results  

PubMed Central

Summary Purpose: to assess the real time elastosonography (RTE) as a primary diagnostic tool for the evaluation of mechanical properties of Achilles tendons in patients affected by not surgically treated monolateral clubfoot. Materials and method: six patients were evaluated, four males and two females, mean age 1.2 ± 1.3 months, treated with Ponseti method, and afterward, they underwent RTE examination of the Achilles tendon in club-foot. A following ROI (region of interest) was positioned on the distal third of the tendon and the obtained data was examined retrospectively. Results: in the examined cohort of patients, the mean value ROI 1/mean value ROI 2 ratio was 2.0 ± 0.18, with an increased red area in the RTE evaluation of the affected tendon, while in the contralateral foot the mean observed value was 2.50 ± 2.1. Conclusion: RTE is a feasible and simple technique, which allows the study of the mechanical properties of Achilles tendons in children with clubfoot.

Masala, Salvatore; Manenti, Guglielmo; Antonicoli, Marco; Morosetti, Daniele; Claroni, Giulia; Simonetti, Giovanni

2012-01-01

269

An Evaluation of Selected NASA Scientific and Technical Information Products: Results of a Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot study was conducted to evaluate selected NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) scientific and technical information (STI) products. The study, which utilized survey research in the form of a self-administered mail questionnaire, had a two-fold purpose--to gather baseline data on the use and perceived usefulness of selected…

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Glassman, Myron

270

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

271

Objective methods in evaluating low-level laser therapy results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A short review about the elementary processes which characterize the laser beam interaction with the tissues, of interest in low level laser therapy is made. Author's comments about the spreading of the laser radiation within the tissue, function of the modal structure and other parameters are presented. Author's proposals about the evaluation of the low level laser therapy results are reported, based on their experience in the clinical treatment of some diseases using low energy laser beams emitted in red and near infrared. Particular comments are introduced about the use of electromyography (EMG), electroneurography (ENG) and cutaneous ultrasound (US) in connection with the objective measurement of the results obtained in the treatment with low energy/power laser beams.

Antipa, Ciprian; Pascu, Mihail-Lucian; Pascu, Ruxandra; Ionescu, Elena

2001-10-01

272

Steel Containment Vessel Model Test: Results and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A high pressure test of the steel containment vessel (SCV) model was conducted on December 11-12, 1996 at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA. The test model is a mixed-scaled model (1:10 in geometry and 1:4 in shell thickness) of an improved Mark II boiling water reactor (BWR) containment. A concentric steel contact structure (CS), installed over the SCV model and separated at a nominally uniform distance from it, provided a simplified representation of a reactor shield building in the actual plant. The SCV model and contact structure were instrumented with strain gages and displacement transducers to record the deformation behavior of the SCV model during the high pressure test. This paper summarizes the conduct and the results of the high pressure test and discusses the posttest metallurgical evaluation results on specimens removed from the SCV model.

Costello, J.F.; Hashimote, T.; Hessheimer, M.F.; Luk, V.K.

1999-03-01

273

The NIST speaker recognition evaluation - Overview, methodology, systems, results, perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, based on three presentations made in 1998 at the RLA2C Workshop in Avignon, discusses the evaluation of speaker recognition systems from several perspectives. A general discussion of the speaker recognition task and the challenges and issues involved in its evaluation is offered. The NIST evaluations in this area and specifically the 1998 evaluation, its objectives, protocols and test

George R. Doddington; Mark A. Przybocki; Alvin F. Martin; Douglas A. Reynolds

2000-01-01

274

Identifying how the strategies used to evaluate flood damages can affect the results of the evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evaluation of flood damages is a complex interdisciplinary task which demands great efforts on assessment and modelling processes. Several methods and models can be used in practice to evaluate flood damages. On the one hand, hydrological and hydrodynamic aspects of floods shall be modelled in order to forecast different characteristics of floods, e.g. return period, flood extent, water depth, duration of submersion and flow speed. Different hydrological assumptions can take place when determining return periods of extreme events. Several hydrodynamic models can be used to simulate floods. These models have different levels of complexity and different acquisition, implementation and maintenance costs. On the other hand, geographic, engineering, social and economic aspects of the system exposed to floods shall be assessed, e.g. assets location, vulnerability characteristics, susceptibility to suffer damages. Once again, several methods and datasets with different liability and different levels of feasibility can be used to assess these characteristics. Uncertainty exists all over the evaluation process. When reducing uncertainty on the evaluation results by improving the strategies used, we could generate the elevation of the costs of the evaluation and compromise its feasibility. To deal with feasibility of the evaluation process and with uncertainty on the evaluation results is a big scientific and operational challenge. The aim of this paper is to develop a research framework to analyze the impact of different strategies used to evaluate flood damages on the feasibility of the evaluation and on the liability of its results. The two main parts of the evaluation process are discussed: (1) the hydrodynamic simulation of flood events and its hydrological components and (2) the assessment of assets vulnerability to floods. The framework compares two aspects of the evaluation: uncertainty - variability of the evaluation results according to the choice of models and methods to model hazard and assess vulnerability; feasibility - time and investment required to realize and maintain (in a long term perspective) the evaluation. The objectives of this methodological framework are to better understand the whole flood damage evaluation process and to identify the relevance of the different steps of the evaluation. We intend to help decision mkrs stakeholders in the choice of evaluation strategies with a good compromise between evaluation efforts and results liability. In this paper we start by discussing the overall process of flood damage evaluation, taking from literature different methods and examples revealing uncertainty related to the evaluation process. Secondly, the research framework is proposed based on the comparison of different methods, models, assumptions and datasets to evaluate flood damages: we consider different hypothesis when analyzing hydrological measures and determining confidence intervals; different hydrodynamic models are compared, e.g. commercial/non commercial, 1D, 2D, 1D/2D, mathematical computation assumptions; different methods used to assess vulnerability to floods are (confronted), e.g. existing data exploration, generation of new data; we also propose hypothetical examples concerning the choice of the scale of the evaluation. Finally, we discuss how to make choices concerning models and methods to evaluate flood damages.

Eleutério, Julian; Rozan, Anne; Mosé, Robert

2010-05-01

275

Diagnostic criteria of traumatic central cord syndrome. Part 2: A Questionnaire Survey among Spine Specialists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study design:A questionnaire survey.Objectives:To evaluate the need for the introduction of quantitative diagnostic criteria for the traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS).Setting:An online questionnaire survey with participants from all over the world.Methods:An invitation to participate in an eight-item online survey questionnaire was sent to surgeon members of AOSpine International.Results:Out of 3340 invited professionals, 157 surgeons (5%) from 41 countries completed the

J. J. van Middendorp; M. H. Pouw; K. C. Hayes; R. Williams; H. S. Chhabra; C. Putz; R. P. H. Veth; A. C. H. Geurts; S. Aito; J. Kriz; W. McKinley; F W A van Asbeck; A. Curt; M. G. Fehlings; H. van de Meent; A. J. F. Hosman; JJ van Middendorp

2010-01-01

276

Interim Results from Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is to provide a comprehensive comparison of heavy-duty trucks operating on alternative fuels and diesel fuel. Data collection from up to eight sites is planned. Currently, the project has four sites: Raley's in Sacramento, CA (Kenworth, Cummins LlO-300G, liquefied natural gas - LNG); Pima Gro Systems, Inc. in Fontana, CA (White/GMC, Caterpillar 31768 Dual-Fuel, compressed natural gas - CNG); Waste Management in Washington, PA (Mack, Mack E7G, LNG); and United Parcel Service in Hartford, CT (Freightliner Custom Chassis, Cummins B5.9G, CNG). This paper summarizes current data collection and evaluation results from this project.

Kevin L. Chandler; Paul Norton; Nigel Clark

1999-05-03

277

Planning and well evaluations improve horizontal drilling results  

SciTech Connect

A systematic approach, including better planning and performance evaluation, improved the horizontal drilling efficiency of a multiwell program in the Oseberg field in the North Sea. The horizontal drilling program in the Oseberg field is one of the most comprehensive horizontal drilling programs in the North Sea. The present horizontal drilling program consists of 14 oil producers from the C platform and 18 from the B platform. Total horizontal displacement varies from around 1,500 m to 5,540 m. The lengths of the horizontal section vary from 600 m to 1,500 m. The paper discusses will planning, directional drilling, drilling problems with coal seams and orientation, true vertical depth control, horizontal liner cement, spacer system, cement slurries, job execution, and results.

Hovda, S. (Norsk Hydro, Bergen (Norway))

1994-10-31

278

Participant evaluation results for two indoor air quality studies  

SciTech Connect

Field studies of pollutant concentrations, housing characteristics, and occupant behavior in occupied houses provide researchers with the best current estimates of indoor air quality in the residential environment. Information obtained from comprehensive multipollutant studies is quite valuable in assessing potential exposure to indoor pollutants. These studies require substantial resources to implement and are frequently sponsored by multiple organizations. A major goal of researchers is to maximize the information obtained from a particular study by performing as many measurements and characterizations as possible without adverse homeowner response. Two major indoor air quality field studies involving extensive indoor air quality characterizations were recently conducted by staff of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Following completion of the field phase of these studies, a participant evaluation survey was sent to all participants requesting their feedback on various aspects of the study. Results of these surveys are discussed.

Hawthorne, A.R.; Dudney, C.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Cohen, M.A.; Spengler, J.D. (Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (USA))

1987-01-01

279

Role and Evaluation of Interlaboratory Comparison Results in Laboratory Accreditation  

SciTech Connect

Participation in interlaboratory comparisons provides laboratories an opportunity for independent assessment of their analytical performance, both in absolute way and in comparison with those by other techniques. However, such comparisons are hindered by differences in the way laboratories participate, e.g. at best measurement capability or under routine conditions. Neutron activation analysis laboratories, determining total mass fractions, often see themselves classified as 'outliers' since the majority of other participants employ techniques with incomplete digestion methods. These considerations are discussed in relation to the way results from interlaboratory comparisons are evaluated by accreditation bodies following the requirements of Clause 5.9.1 of the ISO/IEC 17025:2005. The discussion and conclusions come largely forth from experiences in the author's own laboratory.

Bode, P. [Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Reactor Institute Delft Mekelweg l5, 2629JB Delft (Netherlands)

2008-08-14

280

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

281

AERATION EQUIPMENT EVALUATION. PHASE 1. CLEAN WATER TEST RESULTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The research project was initiated with the principle objective of evaluating the oxygen transfer perfomance of various generic aeration systems used in activated sludge wastewater treatment. A secondary objective of the project was to evaluate various oxygen transfer data analys...

282

Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese.  

PubMed

This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backward linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8). In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example). The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84) for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05). The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was valid and reliable for assessing knowledge regarding child abuse by Portuguese-speaking dentists. PMID:23538428

Marengo, Glaucia; Paola, Ana Paula Borges de; Ferreira, Fernanda Morais; Pizzatto, Eduardo; Correr, Gisele Maria; Losso, Estela Maris

283

The Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT): a psychometric evaluation of cognitive fusion in a nonclinical and highly anxious community sample.  

PubMed

Cognitive fusion--or the tendency to buy into the literal meaning of thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations--plays an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders and figures prominently in third-generation behavior therapies such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Nonetheless, there is a lack of validated self-report measures of cognitive fusion/defusion, particularly in the area of anxiety disorders. We attempted to fill this gap with the development and validation of a self-report cognitive fusion measure, the Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT), in both a healthy undergraduate sample (N = 432) and highly anxious community sample (N = 503) undergoing a 12-week online ACT intervention. Results suggested a hierarchical factor structure of the BAFT with three lower order factors and one hierarchical factor and excellent internal consistency for the total BAFT score (i.e., ?s = .90 and .91 for the undergraduate and highly anxious samples, respectively) and for its factors. Additionally, the BAFT and all of its factors consistently showed strong construct validity with other relevant process and outcome measures in both samples, strong 12-week test-retest reliability (r = .77) in our highly anxious waitlist control subsample and responsiveness to treatment in our highly anxious intervention subsample. These findings suggest that the BAFT is a reliable and valid measure of cognitive fusion in both healthy and clinical populations. PMID:22486595

Herzberg, Kristin N; Sheppard, Sean C; Forsyth, John P; Credé, Marcus; Earleywine, Mitch; Eifert, Georg H

2012-04-09

284

Evaluation of cytologic screening results of the cervix.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively cytologic screening for cancers and precancerous lesions of the cervix and to research whether biopsy is overused among women with a cytologic diagnosis of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). We examined 28 469 smears obtained over 5 years. The patients were referred when the result of the smear was abnormal for a colposcopic biopsy, endocervical curettage, or a repeat Papanicolaou smear. The results of the screening of 28 469 smears are as follows: 699 (2.45%) ASCUS, 67 (0.23%) low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LGSIL), 43 (0.15%) high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HGSIL), 1 epidermoid carcinoma, 31 (0.10%) atypical glandular cells, and 1 adenocarcinoma. Histologic examination of the cervix was done in 119 patients (17.0%) of ASCUS, 13 patients (10.9%) of LGSIL, and 15 patients (12.6%) of HGSIL and cervical carcinoma. In the 119 women with histological examination, histologic examination was generally performed in patients with ASCUS neoplastic Papanicolaou smear, and histologic diagnosis of low-grade, high-grade, or invasive lesion of the cervix was made in 23.5% of women with ASCUS; in these patients, 46.4% were cytologic LGSIL and 53.5 % were cytologic HGSIL and cervical carcinoma. In the aspect of these findings, we concluded that for patients with a cytologic diagnosis of ASCUS, more aggressive interventions should be performed. PMID:15823114

Yalti, S; Gürbüz, B; Bilgiç, R; Cakar, Y; Eren, S

285

Learning the 'SMART' way... results from a pilot study evaluating an interprofessional acute care study day.  

PubMed

A significant number of patients requiring critical care are now being managed outside of critical care facilities. There is evidence that staff looking after these patients lack the necessary knowledge and skills to care for them safely, and that effective pre-registration education can play a significant role in addressing these shortfalls in nurses' knowledge and skills. A team from Sheffield Hallam University, in collaboration with the University of Sheffield, developed a pilot one day interprofessional acute illness programme which was called SMART® (Student Management of Acute illness - Recognition and Treatment). To evaluate the pilot programme, 16 student doctors and 72 student nurses were recruited. A pre- and post-course questionnaire based on the Featherstone et al. (2005) evaluation of ALERT was used to ascertain the students' general level of knowledge of the deteriorating patient, their experiences of and confidence in caring for an acutely unwell patient, and their level of comfort with interprofessional working. The results from the pilot study indicate that the students' levels of knowledge, their levels of confidence and their comfort with interprofessional working all rose after undertaking the programme. The pilot study has a number of implications for the future teaching and learning of acute care clinical skills, within a theoretically based curriculum. PMID:20627483

Lewis, Robin

2010-06-02

286

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

287

Ultrasonic Evaluation of Deeply Located Trabecular Bones - Preliminary Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analysis of ultrasonic signals scattered by soft tissues have been successfully applied for their characterization. Similarly, the trabecular bone backscattered signal contains information about the properties of the bone structure. Therefore scattering-based ultrasonic technique potentially enables the assessment of microstructure characteristics of a bone. The femoral neck fracture often occurs in the course of osteoporosis and can lead to severe complications. Therefore assessment of femoral bone microstructure and condition is important and essential for the diagnosis and treatment monitoring. As far most of the trabecular bone investigations have been performed in vitro. The only in vivo measurements were carried out in transmission and mostly concerned estimation of the attenuation in heel bone. We have built the ultrasonic scanner that could be useful in acquiring the RF (Radio Frequency) echoes backscattered by the trabecular bone in vivo. Moreover, the bone scanner provides data not only from heel bone but from deeply located bones as well (e.g. femoral bone). It can be also used for easily accessible bones like heel bone or breastbone. In this case a gel-pad is applied to assure focusing of ultrasound in trabecular bone (approximately 10 mm beneath the cortical bone). This study presents preliminary results of the attenuating properties evaluation of trabecular bone from the ultrasonic echoes backscattered by heel bone and femoral neck.

Cie?lik, Lucyna; Litniewski, Jerzy

288

Evaluation of flat-Earth approximation results for geopotential missions.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simplified calculations can approximate the formal uncertainties in estimates of the spherical harmonic coefficients representing the Earth's gravitational potential. The calculations model the Earth locally as a plane, producing errors negligible for wavelengths shorter than the radius of the Earth. Information derived from observations of low altitude polar orbiting satellites is considered. With some constraints, the final model uncertainties derive from a priori gravitational field information, specific orbital elements, and parameters describing instrumentation characteristics. The author demonstrates how to refine the technique to accept inputs from the currently operational Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation and how to use information from partial tensor gravitational gradiometers. This approach is beneficial when evaluating prospective satellite geodesy missions because the covariance analyses for various mission scenarios can be made efficiently and expeditiously. The author demonstrates the utility of the flat Earth approach by comparing results with those of more elaborate and time consuming calculations performed for the European Space Agency ARISTOTELES proposed geopotential mapping mission, the NASA Gravity Probe B Relativity mission, and the NASA/Center National d'Etudes Spatiales Topographic Ocean Experiment Satellite (TOPEX)/Poseidon mission.

Tapley, M. B.

1997-04-01

289

Battery evaluation methods and results for stationary applications  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of flooded lead-acid, Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), and advanced batteries is being performed in the power sources testing labs at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). These independent, objective tests using computer-controlled testers capable of simulating application-specific test regimes provide critical data for the assessment of the status of these technologies. Several different charge/discharge cycling regimes are performed. Constant current and constant power discharge tests are conducted to verify capacity and measure degradation. A utility test is imposed on some units which consists of partial depths of discharge (pulsed constant power) cycles simulating a frequency regulation operating mode, with a periodic complete discharge simulating a spinning reserve test. This test profile was developed and scaled based on operating information from the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) 20 MW battery energy storage system. Another test conducted at SNL is a photovoltaic battery life cycle test, which is a partial depth of discharge test (constant current) with infrequent complete recharges that simulates the operation of renewable energy systems. This test profile provides renewable system designers with critical battery performance data representative of field conditions. This paper will describe the results of these tests to date, and include analysis and conclusions.

Butler, P.C.; Crow, J.T.

1997-09-01

290

Communicating Student Evaluation of Teaching Results: Rating Interpretation Guides (RIGs).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development at Macquarie University (Australia) of rating interpretation guides (RIGs), a method of interpreting student evaluations of teaching. RIGs take into account different teaching contexts and emphasize a range of scores rather than a single mean score. They are seen as appropriate for both formative and summative evaluation

Neumann, Ruth

2000-01-01

291

Evaluation of a Peace Education Program: Results, Problems, and Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One approach of the peace movement has been the development of peace education course in schools and universities. This paper is an evaluation of the effects of one such course on the beliefs and attitudes of students. Two evaluations were done, one in the spring of 1988 and one in the winter of 1990. University students enrolled in a course…

Halpert, Jane A.; And Others

292

Evaluation of a Peace Education Program: Results, Problems, and Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One approach of the peace movement has been the development of peace education course in schools and universities. This paper is an evaluation of the effects of one such course on the beliefs and attitudes of students. Two evaluations were done, one in the spring of 1988 and one in the winter of 1990. University students enrolled in a course…

Halpert, Jane A.; And Others

293

Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation (CURE): First Clinical Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Karmanos Cancer Institute has developed an ultrasound (US) tomography system, known as Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation (CURE), for detecting and evaluating breast cancer, with the eventual goal of providing improved differentiation of benign masses from cancer. We report on our first clinical findings with CURE.

Duric, N.; Littrup, P.; Rama, O.; Holsapple, E.

294

Process Evaluation Results from the HEALTHY Physical Education Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Process evaluation is an assessment of the implementation of an intervention. A process evaluation component was embedded in the HEALTHY study, a primary prevention trial for Type 2 diabetes implemented over 3 years in 21 middle schools across the United States. The HEALTHY physical education (PE) intervention aimed at maximizing student…

Hall, William J.; Zeveloff, Abigail; Steckler, Allan; Schneider, Margaret; Thompson, Deborah; Pham, Trang; Volpe, Stella L.; Hindes, Katie; Sleigh, Adriana; McMurray, Robert G.

2012-01-01

295

ISSQoL: A New Questionnaire for Evaluating the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV in the HAART Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To design a Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) instrument for HIV-infected people in the era of highly active antiretroviral\\u000a therapy (HAART). Methods: The self-administered questionnaire was developed by an Italian network including researchers, physicians, people living\\u000a with HIV, national institutions and community-based organizations (CBO) through several steps: (1) review of existing HRQoL\\u000a literature and questionnaires for HIV-infected people; (2)

R. Bucciardini; R. Murri; M. Guarinieri; F. Starace; M. Martini; A. Vatrella; L. Cafaro; M. Fantoni; R. Grisetti; A. d’Arminio Monforte; V. Fragola; R. Arcieri; C. Del Borgo; A. Tramarin; M. Massella; D. Lorenzetti; S. Vella

2006-01-01

296

Phraselator Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire designed to elicit Soldier judgments of, and comments about, the upgraded Phraselator speech translation device was completed by seven personnel serving in Iraq. Aggregate responses to yes or no questions are provided, as are the frequency...

J. D. Walrath

2009-01-01

297

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

298

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Remember the warnings. Statistics. N. ... Remember the warnings. Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

299

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Time spent reading ... Time spent reading food label (seconds). Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

300

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – Time spent reading food label (seconds). Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

301

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Recognize any adverse (bad) reactions. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

302

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

303

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

304

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

305

RESULTS FROM THE STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES EVALUATED BY THE SITE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program was developed to assist the development of hazardous waste treatment technologies necessary to implement new cleanup standards which require greater reliance on permanent remedies. s part of the SITE program, four stab...

306

TOXICITY IDENTIFICATION EVALUATION (TIE) RESULTS FOR METAL CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Identification of contaminants in sediment is necessary for sound management decisions on sediment disposal, remediation, determination of ecological risk, and source identification. We have been developing sediment toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) techniques that allow ...

307

Reproducibility of an Italian food frequency questionnaire for cancer studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reproducibility of measures of the intake of total energy and 27 selected nutrients from a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used in a case-control study on cancer of the breast, ovary, and digestive tract was evaluated. The results of two FFQ administrations at an interval of 3 to 10 months (median = 5.4 months) to 452 volunteers (144 males

Silvia Franceschi; Fabio Barbone; Eva Negri; Adriano Decarli; Monica Ferraroni; Rosa Filiberti; Attilio Giacosa; Patrizia Gnagnarella; Oriana Nanni; Simonetta Salvini; Carlo La Vecchia

1995-01-01

308

Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Computerized Self-Administered Diet History Questionnaire for Use in Studies of American Indian and Alaskan Native People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collection of dietary intake in epidemiologic studies in- volves using methods that are comprehensive yet appro- priate for the population being studied. Here we describe a diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed using an audio self-administered computer-assisted in- terview technique. The DHQ was developed for use in a cohort of American Indians and Alaskan Natives with tribal input and

MARTHA L. SLATTERY; MAUREEN A. MURTAUGH; MARY CATHERINE SCHUMACHER; JENNIFER JOHNSON; SANDRA EDWARDS; ROGER EDWARDS; JOAN BENSON; LILLIAN TOM-ORME; ANNE P. LANIER

309

Evaluation of the Turkish Version of the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional" in Identifying Children with Social-Emotional Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The applicability of the Age and Stages Questionnaires: Social Emotional (ASQ-SE; J. Squires, D. Bricker & E. Twombly, 2003) for Turkish children was examined. A total of 608 mothers completed the ASQ-SE's. Overall sensitivity and overall specificity were 83.7% and 89.9%, respectively. Test-retest reliability, assessed by classifying children as…

Kucuker, Sevgi; Kapci, Emine Gul; Uslu, Runa Idil

2011-01-01

310

Application of the Method of Triads to Evaluate the Performance of Food Frequency Questionnaires and Biomarkers as Indicators of Long-term Dietary Intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is documented about the performance of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in US minority groups and in populations in developing countries. The authors applied a novel technique, the method of triads, to assess the validity and reproducibility of the FFQ among Hispanics. The subjects were men (n = 78) and women (n = 42) living in Costa Rica. Seven

Edmond K. Kabagambe; Ana Baylin; Damon A. Allan; Xinia Siles; Donna Spiegelman

311

Evaluation of two questionnaires to determine exposure to risk factors for non-specific low back pain in Mallorcan schoolchildren and their parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A pilot study was undertaken to test the methodology as well as the comprehensibility, validity and reliability of two questionnaires to be used in a study to determine prevalence of low back pain In schoolchildren In Mallorca and their parents. Methods: Fifty students from a school in Palma de Mallorca, aged 13-15 years, were surveyed from September to December

MARIA TERESA GIL DEL REAL; FRANCISCO M. KOVACS; MARIO GESTOSO; NICOLE MUFRAGGI; JOSE M. DlfcUEZ

1999-01-01

312

Psychometric evaluation of the behavioral inhibition\\/behavioral activation system scales and the sensitivity to punishment and sensitivity to reward questionnaire in a sample of eating disordered patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gray (1987) proposed two systems underlying much of our behavior and personality. One system (Behavioral Inhibition System, BIS) relates to avoidance or withdrawal behavior, whereas the other system (Behavioral Approach System, BAS) relates to approach behavior. Underreactivity and overreactivity of those systems have been presumed to explain a broad range of psychopathologies. Despite the increasing interest and use of questionnaires

Ilse Beck; Dirk J. M. Smits; Laurence Claes; Walter Vandereycken; Patricia Bijttebier

2009-01-01

313

Faculty Questionnaire for Future Planning: Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the faculty and administration at Western Washington University (WWU) were surveyed in 1978 in an effort to discover trends that could affect the university by the year 2000. The response rate was 32 percent for faculty and 49 percent for administrators. The first section of the survey concerns general trends: economic (inflation,…

Burns, James A.

314

SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: LONG-TERM RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory, under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-99FT40718, along with EPRI, the American Electric Power Company (AEP), FirstEnergy Corp., the Tennessee Valley Authority, and Dravo Lime, Inc. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to power generators with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for NO{sub x} control on many coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project previously tested the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium-and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents were tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two FirstEnergy Bruce Mansfield Plant (BMP) units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide byproduct slurry produced from a modified Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime wet flue gas desulfurization system. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles inserted through the front wall of the upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests on two different units. The longer-term tests were conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation on two different boilers, and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. The first long-term test was conducted on FirstEnergy's BMP, Unit 3, and the second test was conducted on AEP's Gavin Plant, Unit 1. The Gavin Plant testing provided an opportunity to evaluate the effects of sorbent injected into the furnace on SO{sub 3} formed across an operating SCR reactor. This report presents the results from those long-term tests. The tests determined the effectiveness of injecting commercially available magnesium hydroxide slurry (Gavin Plant) and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry (both Gavin Plant and BMP) for sulfuric acid control. The results show that injecting either slurry could achieve up to 70 to 75% overall sulfuric acid removal. At BMP, this overall removal was limited by the need to maintain acceptable electrostatic precipitator (ESP) particulate control performance. At Gavin Plant, the overall sulfuric acid removal was limited because the furnace injected sorbent was less effective at removing SO{sub 3} formed across the SCR system installed on the unit for NOX control than at removing SO{sub 3} formed in the furnace. The long-term tests also determined balance-of-plant impacts from slurry injection during the two tests. These include impacts on boiler back-end temperatures and pressure drops, SCR catalyst properties, ESP performance, removal of other flue gas species, and flue gas opacity. For the most part the balance-of-plant impacts were neutral to positive, although adverse effects on ESP performance became an issue during the BMP test.

Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

2002-07-03

315

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

316

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to part-time faculty and to some full- time faculty upon request. Because of the small number of the full-time faculty surveyed, their ratings were not included in the means in this report. However individual reports for the full-time faculty members were sent to the faculty through…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2004

2004-01-01

317

Improved models and results for evaluating neutron kerma factors  

SciTech Connect

The problem addressed in this thesis research is the accurate evaluation of neutron fluence-to-kerma (Kinetic Energy Released in Materials) factors from microscopic nuclear data. The algorithms developed for this purpose combine in a consistent manner the two basic methods for computing kerma factors, namely kinematics and direct energy balance. These algorithms are implemented in the code KAOS-V which was used as the main evaluation tool to construct the response function library KAOS/LIB-V. The library contains kerma factors and other nuclear response functions for 43 nonfissionable and 15 fissionable isotopes and elements. The chief source of data is the evaluated nuclear data files ENDF/B-V. Auxiliary nuclear data bases, e.g., the Japanese evaluated nuclear data library JENDL-2 were used as a source of isotopic cross sections when these data are not provided in ENDF/B-V files for a natural element. These are needed mainly to estimate average quantities such as effective Q-values for the natural element. This analysis of local energy disposition was instrumental in detecting and understanding energy-balance deficiencies and other problems in the ENDF/B-V data.

Farawila, Y.M.

1987-01-01

318

The Attribute Selection for GRE Challenge: Overview and Evaluation Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Attribute Selection for Generating Re- ferring Expressions (ASGRE) Challenge was the first shared-task evaluation challenge in the field of Natural Language Generation. Six teams submitted a total of 22 systems. All submitted systems were tested automat- ically for minimality, uniqueness and 'hu- manlikeness'. In addition, the output of 15 systems was tested in a task-based exper- iment where subjects

Anja Belz; Albert Gatt

2007-01-01

319

Multibar sawless lint cleaner: Lag set evaluation results  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of a prototype sawless lint cleaner, named the Multibar Sawless Lint Cleaner (MBSLC), to clean lint from a saw-type gin stand processing upland cotton. The MBSLC varies from a conventional saw-type lint cleaner in that it has pins or spiked-teet...

320

Results from the international evaluation exercise for uranium enrichment measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

An international evaluation exercise for uranium enrichment measurement was organized by the ESARDA (European Safeguards Research and Development Association) Working Group on Techniques and Standards for Non-Destructive Analysis. The aim of this exercise was to test the different methods and more particularly X- and ?-ray spectrometry methods used in the determination of uranium enrichment. Sets of samples of different uranium

J Morel; C Hill; M Bickel; A Alonso-Munoz; S Napier; B Thaurel

2000-01-01

321

User Evaluation Survey of Digital Reference Services: Methodology and Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an evaluation of InfoPoint, a centrally-managed, professionally staffed reference service available at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus Library through a variety of communication modes, including a World Wide Web form, direct e-mail, and chat and collaborative browsing. Over 400 InfoPoint users were sent a…

Butler, John T.; Armson, Rossana; Caron, Anne Hoffman; Stemper, James A.

322

PR aside: Initial results from NIMH's service program evaluation studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

NIMH's program evaluation studies assess the exlent and conditions utzder which services are provided according to community mental health center process goals of increasing quanti(v and range of service, decreasing use of state hospitals, responsiveness to needs, accessibiliO,, equiO', communiO, participation, and continuity and effectiveness of services. Completed contracts, annual inventories, and site visits indicate: (a) some developmeTzt of methods

Charles Windle; Rosalyn D. Bass; Carl A. Taube

1974-01-01

323

Results of field testing the cement evaluation tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cement Evaluation Tool (CET) developed by Schlumberger employs a pulse-echo technique using eight sonic transducers to investigate the casing cement bond. The tool has been widely field tested in a clastic environment in Brunei (N.W. Borneo), across both oil and gas bearing reservoirs. Numerous comparisons of the CET with conventional CBL\\/VDL logs have been made. Across oil and water

C. A. Leigh; C. G. Finlayson; C. Van der Kolk

1984-01-01

324

Some results from the biosecure talking face evaluation campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BioSecure Network of Excellence1 has collected a large multi- biometric publicly available database and organized the BioSecure Multimodal Evaluation Campaigns (BMEC) in 20072. This paper reports on the Talking Faces campaign. Open source reference sys- tems were made available to participants and four laboratories sub- mitted executable code to the organizer who performed tests on se- questered data. Several

Benoit G. B. Fauve; Hervé Bredin; Walid Karam; Florian Verdet; Aurélien Mayoue; Gérard Chollet; Jean Hennebert; Richard Lewis; John Mason; Chafic Mokbel; Dijana Petrovska

2008-01-01

325

Evaluation of a Spanish version of the Buss and Perry aggression questionnaire: Some personal and situational factors related to the aggression scores of young subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Buss and Perry aggression questionnaire adapted for pre-adolescents and adolescents have been studied. A maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis corroborates Buss and Perry’s four-factor structure. The internal consistency of each factor and of the total score has proved to be satisfactory. The four factors are more closely interrelated in pre-adolescents than in

Carmen Santisteban; Jesús M. Alvarado; Patricia Recio

2007-01-01

326

[Sexual disorders in epilepsy. Results of a multidisciplinary evaluation].  

PubMed

Eleven epileptic men who complained of epilepsy and sexual dysfunction were submitted to a multidisciplinary evaluation. Mean age was 27 years (20-34), mean epilepsy duration was 19 years (0.5-32) and the mean seizure frequency was two by week (0-7). Ten patients had partial seizures and one other had myoclonic epilepsy. Ten patients were treated with antiepileptic drugs (phenytoin--1, carbamazepine--8, clonazepam--3, clobazam--2, valproic acid--3, vigabatrin--1). As defined in the DSM III-R, the complaints were: erectile disorder (9), hypoactive sexual desire disorder (4), frotteurism (4), inhibited orgasm (3), premature ejaculation (3), fetishism (2), voyeurism (2), exhibitionism (2), pedophilia (1) and sexual aversion disorder (1). Two patients showed hypogonadotropic hypogonadism on endocrinologic screening. Urological evaluation disclosed organic erectile dysfunction in other two. One patient had a diagnosis of psychogenic sexual disorder. In six patients a conclusive etiologic diagnosis was not reached. This report shows the multifactorial nature of sexual disorder in epilepsy and underlies the need of a multidisciplinar evaluation. PMID:10751915

Silva, H C; Carvalho, M J; Jorge, C L; Cunha Neto, M B; Goes, P M; Yacubian, E M

1999-09-01

327

Difference in evaluation of patients with low back pain using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Score for Back Pain and the Japanese Version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The number of patients suffering from degenerative diseases in the lumbar spine is increasing in Japan. Although various scales\\u000a to measure disability or quality of life in patients with low back pain and\\/or lumbar diseases are currently available, it\\u000a has been shown that one questionnaire is not always compatible with another. Our purpose is to evaluate the association and\\u000a differences

Masao Nakamura; Kei Miyamoto; Katsuji Shimizu

2009-01-01

328

The Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation Study: Results of the Expert Survey and RAND Panel.  

PubMed

Background:In schizophrenia, social cognition is strongly linked to functional outcome and is increasingly seen as a viable treatment target. The goal of the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study is to identify and improve the best existing measures of social cognition so they can be suitably applied in large-scale treatment studies. Initial phases of this project sought to (1) develop consensus on critical domains of social cognition and (2) identify the best existing measures of social cognition for use in treatment studies.Methods:Experts in social cognition were invited to nominate key domains of social cognition and the best measures of those domains. Nominations for measures were reduced according to set criteria, and all available psychometric information about these measures was summarized and provided to RAND panelists. Panelists rated the quality of each measure on multiple criteria, and diverging ratings were discussed at the in-person meeting to obtain consensus.Results:Expert surveys identified 4 core domains of social cognition-emotion processing, social perception, theory of mind/mental state attribution, and attributional style/bias. Using RAND panel consensus ratings, the following measures were selected for further evaluation: Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire, Bell Lysaker Emotion Recognition Task, Penn Emotion Recognition Test, Relationships Across Domains, Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test, The Awareness of Social Inferences Test, Hinting Task, and Trustworthiness Task.Discussion:While it was possible to establish consensus, only a limited amount of psychometric information is currently available for the candidate measures, which underscores the need for well-validated and standardized measures in this area. PMID:23728248

Pinkham, Amy E; Penn, David L; Green, Michael F; Buck, Benjamin; Healey, Kristin; Harvey, Philip D

2013-05-31

329

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

330

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

331

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

332

Satisfaction With Teaching Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SEF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Satisfaction with Teaching Questionnaire was used. In a study by its developers this scale discriminated between students choosing to be teachers and those choosing other…

Merwin, J. C.; DiVesta , F. J.

333

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

334

Innovative health care delivery system--a questionnaire survey to evaluate the influence of behavioral factors on individuals' acceptance of telecare.  

PubMed

The purpose of this research is to explore people's intention to use telecare and evaluate the degree of influence that behavioral factors on individuals' acceptance of telecare. The subjects are residents of Taiwan. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique was used to analyze the forecasting model applied to telecare. The results show that this model has good explanatory power for the behavioral intentions of using telecare. Among factors influencing the behavioral intentions of using telecare, the strongest factor is attitude, followed by the perceived usefulness, the perceived ease of use, subjective norms, and personal innovativeness, respectively. The findings of this study may serve as a reference to future studies. PMID:23375377

Huang, Jui-Chen

2013-01-31

335

Evaluation of modal stress resultants in freely vibrating plates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the dynamic analysis of a very large floating structure (VLFS), it is crucial that the stress resultants are accurately determined for design purposes. This paper highlights some problems in obtaining accurate modal stress-resultant distributions in freely vibrating rectangular plates (for modeling box-like VLFSs) using various conventional methods. First, it is shown herein that if one adopts the classical thin

C. M. Wang; Y. Xiang; T. Utsunomiya; E. Watanabe

2001-01-01

336

Preliminary results after total knee arthroplasty without femoral trochlea: evaluation of clinical results, quality of life and gait function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of the clinical and functional results of a new prosthetic knee design with conservation of the physiologic properties of the patellofemoral joint. After total knee arthroplasty there are often patella problems. Some of them may be a result of excessive retropatellar pressure caused by the prosthetic design. Twelve patients with an average age of 68.6 years were evaluated after a

Susanne Fuchs; Adrian Skwara; Dieter Rosenbaum

2005-01-01

337

Satisfaction with the local service point for care: results of an evaluation study  

PubMed Central

Purpose The market of care increases and is characterized by complexity. Therefore, service points, such as the ‘Zentrale Anlaufstelle Pflege (ZAPf)’ in Nuremberg, are helpful for clients to get orientation. The purpose of the presentation is to show the results of an evaluation study about the clients' satisfaction with the offers of ZAPf. Study Satisfaction with service may be measured with the SERVQUAL concept introduced by Parasuraman et al. (1988). They found out five dimensions of quality (tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurances and empathy). We took these dimensions in our study. The study focuses on the quality of service and the benefits recognized by clients. In spring 2007, we conducted 67 interviews by phone, based on a half standardized questionnaire. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS. Results The clients want to get information about care in general, financial and legal aspects, alternative care arrangement (e.g. ambulant, long-term care) and typical age-related diseases. They show a high satisfaction with the service provided. Their benefits are to get information and advice, to strengthen the ability of decision taking, to cope with changing situations in life, and to develop solutions. Conclusions The results show that the quality of service is on a high level. Critical success factors are the interdisciplinary cooperation at the service point, based on a regularly and open exchange of information. Every member focuses on an optimal individual solution for the client. Local professional service points act as networkers and brokers. They serve not only for the clients' needs but also support the effective and efficient provision of optimized care.

Esslinger, Adelheid Susanne; Macco, Katrin; Schmidt, Katharina

2009-01-01

338

Identifying workers at risk of sickness absence by questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine whether self-report questionnaires can identify those employees at risk of sickness absence Methods Prospective study of 238 healthy administrative workers. Participants completed a questionnaire proven to be valid and consistent. The questionnaire consisted of 116 items about health, work and working conditions. Sickness absence was followed-up for a period of 1 year. Results The questionnaires of 191 workers

M. Roelen; Tjepke R. van der Pol; Petra C. Koopmans; Johan W. Groothoff

2006-01-01

339

Alternative filtration testing program: Pre-evaluation of test results  

SciTech Connect

Based on results of testing eight solids removal technologies and one pretreatment option, it is recommended that a centrifugal ultrafilter and polymeric ultrafilter undergo further testing as possible alternatives to the Norton Ceramic filters. Deep bed filtration should be considered as a third alternative, if a backwashable cartridge filter is shown to be inefficient in separate testing.

Georgeton, G.K.; Poirier, M.R.

1990-09-28

340

Harm reduction measures and injecting inside prison versus mandatory drugs testing: results of a cross sectional anonymous questionnaire survey. The European Commission Network on HIV Infection and Hepatitis in Prison.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: (a) To determine both the frequency of injecting inside prison and use of sterilising tablets to clean needles in the previous four weeks; (b) to assess the efficiency of random mandatory drugs testing at detecting prisoners who inject heroin inside prison; (c) to determine the percentage of prisoners who had been offered vaccination against hepatitis B. DESIGN: Cross sectional willing anonymous salivary HIV surveillance linked to a self completion risk factor questionnaire. SETTING: Lowmoss prison, Glasgow, and Aberdeen prison on 11 and 30 October 1996. SUBJECTS: 293 (94%) of all 312 inmates at Lowmoss and 146 (93%) of all 157 at Aberdeen, resulting in 286 and 143 valid questionnaires. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of injecting inside prison in the previous four weeks by injector inmates who had been in prison for at least four weeks. RESULTS: 116 (41%) Lowmoss and 53 (37%) Aberdeen prisoners had a history of injecting drug use but only 4% of inmates (17/395; 95% confidence interval 2% to 6%) had ever been offered vaccination against hepatitis B. 42 Lowmoss prisoners (estimated 207 injections and 258 uses of sterilising tablets) and 31 Aberdeen prisoners (229 injections, 221 uses) had injected inside prison in the previous four weeks. The prisons together held 112 injector inmates who had been in prison for more than four weeks, of whom 57 (51%; 42% to 60%) had injected in prison in the past four weeks; their estimated mean number of injections was 6.0 (SD 5.7). Prisoners injecting heroin six times in four weeks will test positive in random mandatory drugs testing on at most 18 days out of 28. CONCLUSIONS: Sterilising tablets and hepatitis B vaccination should be offered to all prisoners. Random mandatory drugs testing seriously underestimates injector inmates' harm reduction needs.

Bird, A. G.; Gore, S. M.; Hutchinson, S. J.; Lewis, S. C.; Cameron, S.; Burns, S.

1997-01-01

341

Constricting force of filamentary protein rings evaluated from experimental results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a model of Z -ring constriction in bacteria based on different experimental in vitro results. The forces produced by the Z ring due to lateral attraction of its constituent parts, estimated in previous studies that were based on FtsZ filaments observed by atomic force microscopy, are in good agreement with an estimation of the force required for recently found deformations in liposomes caused by FtsZ. These forces are calculated within the usual Helfrich energy formalism. In this context, we also explain the apparent attraction of multiple Z rings in the liposomes initially separated by small distances, as well as the stable distribution of rings separated by distances greater than approximately twice the diameter of the cylindrical liposomes. We adapted the model to the in vivo conditions imposed by the bacterial cell wall, concluding that the proposed mechanism gives a qualitative explanation for the force generation during bacterial division.

Hörger, I.; Campelo, F.; Hernández-Machado, A.; Tarazona, P.

2010-03-01

342

SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NO{sub x} control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two First Energy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

2002-02-04

343

SULFURIC ACID REMOVAL PROCESS EVALUATION: SHORT-TERM RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of alkaline reagents injected into the furnace of coal-fired boilers as a means of controlling sulfuric acid emissions. Sulfuric acid controls are becoming of increasing interest to utilities with coal-fired units for a number of reasons. Sulfuric acid is a Toxic Release Inventory species, a precursor to acid aerosol/condensable emissions, and can cause a variety of plant operation problems such as air heater plugging and fouling, back-end corrosion, and plume opacity. These issues will likely be exacerbated with the retrofit of SCR for NOX control on some coal-fired plants, as SCR catalysts are known to further oxidize a portion of the flue gas SO{sub 2} to SO{sub 3}. The project is testing the effectiveness of furnace injection of four different calcium- and/or magnesium-based alkaline sorbents on full-scale utility boilers. These reagents have been tested during four one- to two-week tests conducted on two FirstEnergy Bruce Mansfield Plant units. One of the sorbents tested was a magnesium hydroxide slurry produced from a wet flue gas desulfurization system waste stream, from a system that employs a Thiosorbic{reg_sign} Lime scrubbing process. The other three sorbents are available commercially and include dolomite, pressure-hydrated dolomitic lime, and commercial magnesium hydroxide. The dolomite reagent was injected as a dry powder through out-of-service burners, while the other three reagents were injected as slurries through air-atomizing nozzles into the front wall of upper furnace, either across from the nose of the furnace or across from the pendant superheater tubes. After completing the four one- to two-week tests, the most promising sorbents were selected for longer-term (approximately 25-day) full-scale tests. The longer-term tests are being conducted to confirm the effectiveness of the sorbents tested over extended operation and to determine balance-of-plant impacts. This reports presents the results of the short-term tests; the long-term test results will be reported in a later document. The short-term test results showed that three of the four reagents tested, dolomite powder, commercial magnesium hydroxide slurry, and byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry, were able to achieve 90% or greater removal of sulfuric acid compared to baseline levels. The molar ratio of alkali to flue gas sulfuric acid content (under baseline conditions) required to achieve 90% sulfuric acid removal was lowest for the byproduct magnesium hydroxide slurry. However, this result may be confounded because this was the only one of the three slurries tested with injection near the top of the furnace across from the pendant superheater platens. Injection at the higher level was demonstrated to be advantageous for this reagent over injection lower in the furnace, where the other slurries were tested.

Gary M. Blythe; Richard McMillan

2002-03-04

344

Identification and evaluation of scientific uncertainties related to fish and aquatic resources in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon - summary and interpretation of an expert-elicitation questionnaire  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Identifying areas of scientific uncertainty is a critical step in the adaptive management process (Walters, 1986; Runge, Converse, and Lyons, 2011). To identify key areas of scientific uncertainty regarding biologic resources of importance to the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program, the Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center (GCMRC) convened Knowledge Assessment Workshops in May and July 2005. One of the products of these workshops was a set of strategic science questions that highlighted key areas of scientific uncertainty. These questions were intended to frame and guide the research and monitoring activities conducted by the GCMRC in subsequent years. Questions were developed collaboratively by scientists and managers. The questions were not all of equal importance or merit—some questions were large scale and others were small scale. Nevertheless, these questions were adopted and have guided the research and monitoring efforts conducted by the GCMRC since 2005. A new round of Knowledge Assessment Workshops was convened by the GCMRC in June and October 2011 and January 2012 to determine whether the research and monitoring activities conducted since 2005 had successfully answered some of the strategic science questions. Oral presentations by scientists highlighting research findings were a centerpiece of all three of the 2011–12 workshops. Each presenter was also asked to provide an answer to the strategic science questions that were specific to the presenter’s research area. One limitation of this approach is that these answers represented the views of the handful of scientists who developed the presentations, and, as such, they did not incorporate other perspectives. Thus, the answers provided by presenters at the Knowledge Assessment Workshops may not have accurately captured the sentiments of the broader group of scientists involved in research and monitoring of the Colorado River in Glen and Grand Canyons. Yet a fundamental ingredient of resilient decisionmaking and problem-solving is incorporation of a wide range of perspectives (Carpenter and others, 2009). To ensure that a wide range of scientists had an opportunity to weigh in on the strategic science questions, the GCMRC elicited additional perspectives through written questionnaires. Independently soliciting responses from scientists through questionnaires had the added advantage of allowing all scientists to freely and openly share their views on complex and controversial topics—something which may not have occurred in the group setting of the June 2011 Knowledge Assessment Workshop because of dominance by one or more scientists. The purpose of this report is to document and interpret the questionnaire responses.

Kennedy, Theodore A.

2013-01-01

345

Mammary augmentation--surgical techniques, evaluation of results, and complications.  

PubMed

Mammary augmentation is the procedure of choice in all forms of breast underdevelopment, atrophy or absence due to disease (subcutaneous or radical mastectomy), or trauma (burns of the thoracic region). Old reconstructive methods employing autogenous tissues have no substitute in special cases, but they are used less and less in favor of the new alloplastic materials (silicones) introduced as implants under the mammary gland. These implants have been shown to be permanently accepted by body tissues, the aesthetic results are good, and the operation is easier, faster, and less dangerous. Complications, however, do exist and the most frequent is the constriction of the fibrous envelope surrounding the implant. The etiology of this complication is still unknown. The patient should be advised of such a possibility. Circular incision of the fibrous envelope seems to be the best treatment for this complication. Silicone implants do not modify the physiology of the mammary gland and there is no reason to believe they have any influence on the incidence of breast cancer. PMID:770052

Planas, J

1976-04-01

346

Bell Pole CROW pilot test results and evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1990, efforts were initiated to implement an in situ remediation project to address the creosote and pentachlorophenol (PCP) contaminated surficial aquifer at the Bell Lumber and Pole Company (Bell Pole) Site. The remediation project involves the application of the Contained Recovery of Oily Wastes (CROW[trademark]) process which consists of hot-water injection to displace and recover the non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL). Based on the results from the pilot test the following conclusions can be made: (1) The pilot test provided sufficient hydraulic information to design the full-scale CROW remediation system. The pumping test portion of the pilot test indicated uniform aquifer properties. The entire thickness of the aquifer reached the target temperature range and containment of the injected hot water was achieved. (2) Pretest injection and production rate predictions were achieved. (3) The post test soil boring data indicated hot-water injection displaced greater than 80% of the NAPL near the injection well. The data indicates that a NAPL saturation of approximately 19% (pore volume basis) and a 500 fold decrease in PCP concentration can be achieved with 20 pore volumes of flushing. (4) The treatment system used during the pilot test was effective in reducing PCP and PAH compounds to concentrations acceptable for sanitary sewer discharge. (5) The microbial assay of the post test samples found an encouraging increase in microbial population compared to earlier data collected before the pilot test.

Fahy, L.J.; Johnson, L.A. Jr. (Western Research Inst., Laramie, WY (United States)); Sola, D.V.; Horn, S.G.; Christofferson, J.L. (Conestoga-Rovers and Associates Limited, St. Paul, MN (United States))

1992-01-01

347

Bell Pole CROW pilot test results and evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1990, efforts were initiated to implement an in situ remediation project to address the creosote and pentachlorophenol (PCP) contaminated surficial aquifer at the Bell Lumber and Pole Company (Bell Pole) Site. The remediation project involves the application of the Contained Recovery of Oily Wastes (CROW{trademark}) process which consists of hot-water injection to displace and recover the non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL). Based on the results from the pilot test the following conclusions can be made: (1) The pilot test provided sufficient hydraulic information to design the full-scale CROW remediation system. The pumping test portion of the pilot test indicated uniform aquifer properties. The entire thickness of the aquifer reached the target temperature range and containment of the injected hot water was achieved. (2) Pretest injection and production rate predictions were achieved. (3) The post test soil boring data indicated hot-water injection displaced greater than 80% of the NAPL near the injection well. The data indicates that a NAPL saturation of approximately 19% (pore volume basis) and a 500 fold decrease in PCP concentration can be achieved with 20 pore volumes of flushing. (4) The treatment system used during the pilot test was effective in reducing PCP and PAH compounds to concentrations acceptable for sanitary sewer discharge. (5) The microbial assay of the post test samples found an encouraging increase in microbial population compared to earlier data collected before the pilot test.

Fahy, L.J.; Johnson, L.A. Jr. [Western Research Inst., Laramie, WY (United States); Sola, D.V.; Horn, S.G.; Christofferson, J.L. [Conestoga-Rovers and Associates Limited, St. Paul, MN (United States)

1992-11-01

348

A Multistage Longitudinal Comparative (MLC) Design Stage II: Evaluation of the Changing Lives Program (CLP)--The Possible Selves Questionnaire-Qualitative Extensions (PSQ-QE)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported in this paper, a Multistage Longitudinal Comparative (MLC) Design Stage II evaluation conducted as a planned preliminary efficacy evaluation (psychometric evaluation of measures, short-term controlled outcome studies, etc.) of the Changing Lives Program (CLP), provided evidence for the reliability and validity of qualitative…

Kortsch, Gabrielle; Kurtines, William M.; Montgomery, Marilyn J.

2008-01-01

349

A Multistage Longitudinal Comparative (MLC) Design Stage II: Evaluation of the Changing Lives Program (CLP)--The Possible Selves Questionnaire-Qualitative Extensions (PSQ-QE)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper, a Multistage Longitudinal Comparative (MLC) Design Stage II evaluation conducted as a planned preliminary efficacy evaluation (psychometric evaluation of measures, short-term controlled outcome studies, etc.) of the Changing Lives Program (CLP), provided evidence for the reliability and validity of qualitative…

Kortsch, Gabrielle; Kurtines, William M.; Montgomery, Marilyn J.

2008-01-01

350

Development and validation of a salt knowledge questionnaire.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Initiatives promoting the reduction of high-salt food consumption by consumers need to be partly based on current levels of salt knowledge in the population. However, to date there is no validated salt knowledge questionnaire that could be used to assess population knowledge about dietary salt (i.e. salt knowledge). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and validate a salt knowledge questionnaire. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on an online web survey platform using convenience, snowball sampling. The survey questionnaire was evaluated for content and face validity before being administered to the respondents. SETTING: Online survey. SUBJECTS: A total of forty-one nutrition experts, thirty-two nutrition students and thirty-six lay people participated in the study. RESULTS: Item analyses were performed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the test items. Twenty-five items were retained to form the final set of questions. The total scores of the experts were higher than those of the students and lay people (P < 0·05). The total salt knowledge score showed significant correlations with use of salt at the table (? = -0·197, P < 0·05) and inspection of the salt content in food products when shopping (? = 0·400; P < 0·01). CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire demonstrated sufficient evidence of construct validity and internal consistencies between the items. It is likely to be a useful tool for the evaluation and measurement of levels of salt knowledge in the general population. PMID:23507427

Sarmugam, Rani; Worsley, Anthony; Flood, Vicki

2013-03-18

351

Monitoring human larynx by random forests using questionnaire data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with noninvasive monitoring of human larynx using subject's questionnaire data. By applying random forests (RF), questionnaire data are categorized into a healthy class and several classes of disorders including: cancerous, noncancerous, diffuse, nodular, paralysis, and an overall pathological class. The most important questionnaire statements are determined using RF variable importance evaluations. To explore multidimensional data, t-Distributed

Antanas Verikas; Marija Bacauskiene; Adas Gelzinis; Virgilijus Uloza

2011-01-01

352

Patient-related barriers to pain management: the barriers questionnaire II (BQ-II)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients' beliefs can act as barriers to optimal management of cancer pain. The Barriers Questionnaire (BQ) is a tool used to evaluate such barriers. Here, the BQ has been revised to reflect changes in pain management practices, resulting in the Barriers Questionnaire-II (BQ-II), a 27-item, self report instrument. This paper presents the results from two studies where the psychometric properties

Sigridur Gunnarsdottir; Heidi S Donovan; Ronald C Serlin; Catherine Voge; Sandra Ward

2002-01-01

353

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: electrolytes.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual tradition at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time using audience response devices with the answers of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best-answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (the authors). The correct and incorrect answers then were briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article tries to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580788

Palmer, Biff F; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

354

Development of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: We aimed toevaluatethe psychometric properties of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire (SMCQ). Methods: The reliability of the SMCQ was evaluated by testing its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to assess the concurrent validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity. Diagnostic ability for dementia was tested with receiver operator characteristic curve

Jong Chul Youn; Ki Woong Kim; Dong Young Lee; Jin Hyeong Jhoo; Seok Bum Lee; Joon Hyuk Park; Eun Ae Choi; Jin Yeong Choe; Ji Woon Jeong; Il Han Choo; Jong Inn Woo

2009-01-01

355

Alcoholism screening questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the validity of the CAGE (cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener) questionnaire and the Michigan Alcoholism\\u000a Screening Test (MAST) in distinguishing between elderly patients with and without alcohol abuse or dependence disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: A cross-sectional study, in which patients were interviewed with a “gold standard,” the alcohol module of the Revised Diagnostic\\u000a Interview Schedule (DIS-III-R), and two

Thomas V. Jones; Byron A. Lindsey; Pamela Yount; Rebecca Soltys; Bahar Farani-Enayat

1993-01-01

356

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy.

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

357

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Korean Version of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire: Its Clinical Evaluation in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Following Local Corticosteroid Injection  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to assess and validate the Korean version of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (K-BCTQ) in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). After translation and cultural adaptation of the BCTQ to a Korean version, the K-BCTQ was administered to 54 patients with CTS; it was administered again after 2 weeks to assess reliability. Additionally, we administered K-DASH and EQ-5D to assess construct-validity. In a prospective study of responsiveness to clinical change, 29 of 54 patients were treated by ultrasonography-guided local corticosteroid injection therapy. The internal consistency of the K-BCTQ was high (Cronbach's alpha: 0.915) and the intra-class correlation coefficients were 0.931 for the symptom severity scale (P<0.001) and 0.844 for the functional severity scale (P<0.001). The construct-validity between the symptom severity scale and the K-DASH, and between the functional severity scale and the K-DASH were significantly correlated (both P<0.001). Clinical improvement was noted in 29 patients with injection therapy. The effect size of symptom severity was 0.67, and that of functional severity was 0.58. In conclusion, the K-BCTQ shows good reliability, construct-validity, and acceptable responsiveness after local corticosteroid injection therapy (Clinical trial number, KCT0000050).

Park, Dong-Jin; Kang, Ji-Hyoun; Lee, Jeong-Won; Lee, Kyung-Eun; Wen, Lihui; Kim, Tae-Jong; Park, Yong-Wook; Nam, Tai-Seung; Kim, Myung-Sun

2013-01-01

358

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People with liver disease should not take this product unless directed by a ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

359

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – This product may make ulcers worse. ... This product may make ulcers worse. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

360

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People who consume more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks per day should ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

361

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – A person who is allergic to aspirin should not use this product. Statistics. N. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

362

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product does not reduce fever. ... This product does not reduce fever. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

363

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – When you first read the label, would you say your attention was focused ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

364

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People with stomach ulcers can use this product. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

365

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Means a lot to me. Statistics. N. ... Means a lot to me, 303, 0. Means a lot to me. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

366

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... 303, 0. Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

367

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Know when to stop taking the drug. ... Know when to stop taking the drug. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

368

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – You should not take this product within 24 hours of consuming alcohol. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

369

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

370

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

371

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product can be given to children over age 16. ... False, 16, 5.3, 5.3, 92.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

372

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How important would it be for someone to read all the information on the ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

373

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

374

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

375

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People taking medications for high blood pressure should ask a doctor ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

376

The Wisconsin Predicting Patients' Relapse questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Relapse is the most common smoking cessation outcome. Accurate prediction of relapse likelihood could be an important clinical tool used to influence treatment selection or duration. The aim of this research was to develop a brief clinical relapse proneness questionnaire to be used with smokers interested in quitting in a clinical setting where time is at a premium. Methods: Diverse items assessing constructs shown in previous research to be related to relapse risk, such as nicotine dependence and self-efficacy, were evaluated to determine their independent contributions to relapse prediction. In an exploratory dataset, candidate items were assessed among smokers motivated to quit smoking who enrolled in one of three randomized controlled smoking cessation trials. A cross-validation dataset was used to compare the relative predictive power of the new instrument against the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) at 1-week, 8-week, and 6-month postquit assessments. Results: We selected seven items with relatively nonoverlapping content for the Wisconsin Predicting Patient's Relapse (WI-PREPARE) measure, a brief, seven-item questionnaire that taps physical dependence, environmental factors, and individual difference characteristics. Cross-validation analyses suggested that the WI-PREPARE demonstrated a stronger prediction of relapse at 1-week and 8-week postquit assessments than the FTND and comparable prediction to the FTND at a 6-month postquit assessment. Discussion: The WI-PREPARE is easy to score, suggests the nature of a patient's relapse risk, and predicts short- and medium-term relapse better than the FTND.

Bolt, Daniel M.; McCarthy, Danielle E.; Japuntich, Sandra J.; Fiore, Michael C.; Smith, Stevens S.; Baker, Timothy B.

2009-01-01

377

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

378

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Questionnaire Design & Testing: Questionnaire Design Principles Cognitive Testing Item Response Theory Modeling Guides & Reports International Collaboration Areas of Research Tools Surveys

379

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

380

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

381

Tanker Avionics/Aircrew Complement Evaluation (TAACE). Phase I. Simulation Evaluation. Volume I. Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents a cockpit simulation study conducted to validate the pilot useability of a 3-man (pilot, copilot, boom operator), KC-135 crew system concept. Earlier analysis and mockup evaluation studies had established preliminary design criteria ...

R. P. Madero G. J. Barbato R. W. Moss

1981-01-01

382

Development of a Questionnaire to Assess University Students’ Intentions to Use Behavioral Alcohol-Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new self-report questionnaire designed to assess college students’ intentions to employ 31 specific alcohol-reduction strategies. Method: Students attending a large public university were recruited to complete alcohol-reduction, drinking history, and personality questionnaires online. Results: Based on item–total correlations and principal components analysis, the authors eliminated 3 items and calculated average intention ratings

Erin E. Bonar; Erica Hoffmann; Harold Rosenberg; Elizabeth Kryszak; Kathleen M. Young; Lisham Ashrafioun; Shane W. Kraus; Erin E. Bannon

2012-01-01

383

Development of a Questionnaire to Assess University Students’ Intentions to Use Behavioral Alcohol Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new self-report questionnaire designed to assess college students’ intentions to employ 31 specific alcohol-reduction strategies. Method: Students attending a large public university were recruited to complete alcohol-reduction, drinking history, and personality questionnaires online. Results: Based on item-total correlations and principal components analysis, we eliminated three items and calculated average intention ratings across

Erin E. Bonar; Erica Hoffmann; Harold Rosenberg; Elizabeth Kryszak; Kathleen M. Young; Lisham Ashrafioun; Shane W. Kraus; Erin E. Bannon

2012-01-01

384

Patient safety in intensive care: results from the multinational Sentinel Events Evaluation (SEE) study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To assess on a multinational level the prevalence and corresponding factors of selected unintended events that compromise patient safety (sentinel events) in intensive care units (ICUs).Design  An observational, 24-h cross-sectional study of incidents in five representative categories.Setting  205 ICUs worldwideMeasurements  Events were reported by intensive care unit staff members with the use of a structured questionnaire. Both ICU- and patient-related factors were assessed.Results  In 1,913 adult patients

Andreas Valentin; Maurizia Capuzzo; Bertrand Guidet; Rui P. Moreno; Lorenz Dolanski; Peter Bauer; Philipp G. H. Metnitz

2006-01-01

385

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

PubMed Central

Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. Results A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?’s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. Conclusions For three of the four included questionnaires the participants’ scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

2012-01-01

386

Evaluation of ASAIO Test for Blood Damage Resulting from Use of Oxygenator Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report results from work performed by the Utah Biomedical Test Laboratory to evaluate the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) proposed procedures for evaluating blood damage in oxygenators. The contractor carried out a series of i...

J. D. Mortensen L. Astle C. D. Baker J. A. Burkart L. A. Couvillon

1977-01-01

387

Building consensus on nomenclature and disease classification for ankylosing spondylitis: results and discussion of a questionnaire prepared for the International Workshop on New Treatment Strategies in Ankylosing Spondylitis, Berlin, Germany, 18-19 January 2002  

PubMed Central

Background: There is currently no universal consensus on nomenclature for spondyloarthropathy (SpA), or on activity and severity criteria for ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Method: Points of agreement and majority opinions among 28 international experts in the field were identified by questionnaire. Agreement was defined as >80% concurrence, clear majority as >60% concurrence, and a majority or trend as >50% concurrence. Results: Respondents agreed on the need for one term that reflects the inflammatory nature of the disease, but no agreement was reached on a specific term. Agreement included subdivision of patients with SpA into AS, psoriatic arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease associated arthritis, and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis/spondyloarthropathy. A majority of experts defined active disease as fulfilling classification criteria for AS and/or a SpA, and disease activity measured by a Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) score >4 determined by two patient visits during a two month period, but no maximum radiographic score. The majority of participants considered failure of treatment response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) alone to be a prerequisite for active/severe AS, and 15/28 (54%) thought that NSAID treatment failure should be defined as lack of response to two or more NSAIDs. Conclusions: Respondents agreed that a two to five year study is the ethical method to demonstrate effects of anti-tumour necrosis factor ? (TNF?) therapy on radiographic progression of AS, and that inclusion criteria should include a certain level of disease activity (measured by BASDAI) and failure of certain treatments. After the efficacy of anti-TNF? therapy in AS and psoriatic arthritis is proved, respondents agreed that more studies will be needed to show efficacy for other SpA subsets.

Braun, J; Sieper, J

2002-01-01

388

Evaluation of off-service rotations at National Guard Health Affairs: Results from a perception survey of off-service residents  

PubMed Central

Context: “Off-service” clinical rotations are part of the necessary requirements for many residency training programs. Because these rotations are off-service, little attention is given to their structure and quality of training. This often leads to suboptimal educational experience for the residents on these rotations. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess medical residents’ perceptions, opinions, and levels of satisfaction with their “off-service” rotations at a major residency training site in Saudi Arabia. It was also to evaluate the reliability and validity of a questionnaire used for quality assurance in these rotations. Improved reliability and validity of this questionnaire may help to improve the educational experience of residents in their “off-service” rotations. Materials and Methods: A close-ended questionnaire was developed, Pilot tested and distributed to 110 off-service residents in training programs of different specializations at King Fahad Naitonal Guard Hospital and King Abdulziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between September 2011 and December 2011. Results: A total of 80 out of 110 residents completed and returned the questionnaire. Only 33% of these residents had a clear set of goals and educational learning objectives before the beginning of their off-service rotations to direct their training. Surgical specializations had low satisfaction mean scores of 57.2 (11.9) compared to emergency medicine, which had 70.7 (16.2), P value (0.03). The reliability of the questionnaire was Cronbach's alpha 0.57. The factor analysis yielded a 4-factor solution (educational environment, educational balance, educational goals and objectives, and learning ability); thus, accounting for 51% variance in the data. Conclusion: Our data suggest that there were significant weaknesses in the curriculum for off-service clinical rotations in KAMC and that residents were not completely satisfied with their training.

Alquraini, Mustafa M.; Baig, Lubna; Magzoub, Mohi; Omair, Amir

2013-01-01

389

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

390

A physical activity questionnaire: Reproducibility and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the Quantification de L'Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self- administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá's schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a dif- ferent random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it.

Nicolas Barbosa; Carlos E. Sanchez; Jose A. Vera; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

2007-01-01

391

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

392

Measuring change over time: a comparison of results from a global single item of health status and the multi-dimensional SF36 health status survey questionnaire in patients presenting with menorrhagia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the sensitivity to change of a multi-item, multi-dimensional health status measure with a single global health status question, in the assessment of treatment for menorrhagia. A cohort study of patients recruited by general practitioners, was carried out, with a follow up at eighteen months. Questionnaires were administered postally at baseline and follow up. General practices in Berkshire,

C. Jenkinson; V. Peto; A. Coulter

1994-01-01

393

Development and validation of the Fat Talk Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Fat talk refers to negative body-related conversations between girls or young women. This research aimed to use qualitative data from young women to guide development of a quantitative fat talk measure. In Study 1, a preliminary 62-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 200 female participants. Item analysis resulted in the elimination of items, yielding a final questionnaire with 14 items. Principal components analysis of this questionnaire indicated a single factor. In Study 2, 95 female participants completed the newly developed Fat Talk Questionnaire and theoretically related (e.g., body image) and unrelated (e.g., social desirability) constructs. Additionally, 49 male participants completed the questionnaire to examine known groups validity. In Study 3, 54 participants completed the Fat Talk Questionnaire on two occasions to assess temporal stability. The results showed that the Fat Talk Questionnaire is reliable and valid. The Fat Talk Questionnaire may have important utility in future research. PMID:23201392

Royal, Sarah; Macdonald, Danielle E; Dionne, Michelle M

2012-11-30

394

Importance of questionnaire context for a physical activity question.  

PubMed

Adequate information about physical activity habits is essential for surveillance, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives in this area. Previous studies have shown that question order and differences in wording result in systematic differences in people's responses to questionnaires; however, this has never been shown for physical activity questions. The aim was to study the influence of different formulations and question order on self-report physical activity in a population-based health interview survey. Four samples of each 1000 adults were drawn at random from the National Person Register. A new question about physical activity was included with minor differences in formulations in samples 1-3. Furthermore, the question in sample 2 was included in sample 4 but was placed in the end of the questionnaire. The mean time spent on moderate physical activity varied between the four samples from 57 to 100?min/day. Question order was associated with the reported number of minutes spent on moderate-intensity physical activity and with prevalence of meeting the recommendation, whereas physical inactivity was associated with the differences in formulation of the question. Questionnaire context influences the way people respond to questions about physical activity significantly and should be tested systematically in validation studies of physical activity questionnaires. PMID:22260444

Jørgensen, M E; Sørensen, M R; Ekholm, O; Rasmussen, N K

2012-01-20

395

Large scale evaluation of corpus-based synthesizers: results and lessons from the blizzard challenge 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Blizzard Challenge 2005 was a large scale international evaluation of various corpus-based speech synthesis systems using common datasets. Six sites from around the world, both academic and industrial, participated in this evaluation, the first ever to compare voices built by different systems using the same data. Here we describe results of the evaluation and many of the observations and

Christina L. Bennett

2005-01-01

396

Lost in translation? Psychometric properties and construct validity of the English Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) social climate questionnaire.  

PubMed

The social climate of correctional (forensic) settings is likely to have a significant impact on the outcome of treatment and the overall functioning of these units. The Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) provides an objective way of measuring social climate that overcomes the content, length, and psychometric limitations of other measures. But the English translation of the EssenCES has yet to be sufficiently validated for use in forensic settings in the United Kingdom. The current study presents psychometric properties (factor structure and internal consistency) and an examination of construct validity with the English EssenCES. Satisfactory internal consistency was found for all EssenCES scales, and the expected three-factor structure was confirmed with both staff and residents and in prison and secure hospital settings using confirmatory factor analysis. Evidence to support construct validity was established using multilevel models, which showed statistically significant associations between scores on the EssenCES and scores on the Working Environment Scale, institutional aggression, and site security. Future validation work and potential practical applications of the EssenCES are discussed. PMID:22082034

Tonkin, Matthew; Howells, Kevin; Ferguson, Eamonn; Clark, Amanda; Newberry, Michelle; Schalast, Norbert

2011-11-14

397

Validation of the Falls Efficacy Scale and Falls Efficacy Scale International in Geriatric Patients with and without Cognitive Impairment: Results of Self-Report and Interview-Based Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Frail, old patients with and without cognitive impairment are at high risk of falls and associated medical and psychosocial issues. The lack of adequate, validated instruments has partly hindered research in this field. So far no questionnaire documenting fall-related self-efficacy\\/fear of falling has been validated for older persons with cognitive impairment or for different administration methods such as self-report

K. Hauer; L. Yardley; N. Beyer; G. Kempen; N. Dias; M. Campbell; C. Becker; C. Todd

2010-01-01

398

School Health Education Evaluation. Volume 2. Research Results of the School Health Education Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume II is a companion to Volume I. The volume documents the analyses and results of the project for the technical reader who seeks a more thorough understanding of the study from a research perspective. Volume II provides detailed quantitative support ...

D. B. Connell R. R. Turner E. F. Mason

1985-01-01

399

Usage and Attitudes of Physicians in Japan Concerning Traditional Japanese Medicine (Kampo Medicine): A Descriptive Evaluation of a Representative Questionnaire-Based Survey  

PubMed Central

Kampo medicine has been the primary medical model in Japan until the mid 1800s, regained a prominent role in today's Japanese medical system. Today, 148 herbal Kampo formulas can be prescribed under the national health insurance system, allowing physicians to integrate Kampo in their daily practice. This article aims to provide information about the extent to which Kampo is now used in clinics throughout Japan and about physician's current attitudes toward Kampo. We used the results of a 2008 survey that was administered to physicians throughout Japan (n = 684). The data showed that 83.5% of physicians currently use Kampo in the clinic, although the distribution of physicians who use Kampo differ widely depending on the specialty and provided a breakdown of Kampo usage by specialty. It will be interesting to see how each specialty incorporates Kampo into its respective field as Kampo continues to play a pertinent role in Japanese medical system.

Moschik, E. C.; Mercado, C.; Yoshino, T.; Matsuura, K.; Watanabe, K.

2012-01-01

400

Cognitive Laboratory Experiences : On Pre-testing Computerised Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the literature on questionnaire design and survey methodology, pre-testing is mentioned as a way to evaluate questionnaires (i.e. investigate whether they work as intended) and control for measurement errors (i.e. assess data quality). As the American Statistical Association puts it (ASA, 1999, p. 11): “The questionnaire designer must understand the need to pretest, pretest, and then pretest some more.”

G. J. M. E. Snijkers

2002-01-01

401

Assessment of Questionnaires Measuring Quality of Life in Infertile Couples: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Infertility has potentially inappropriate effects on quality of life in infertile couples. Various general and specific questionnaires have been structured for assessing different aspects of quality of life in infertile men, women, or couples. The present systematic review was designed to assess these questionnaires and also identify different factors affecting infertile couples based on the aforesaid questionnaires. Methods The research strategy involved general and specific terms in relation to couples's infertility and their quality of life. A review was done for studies published from 1982 to 2012 that were indexed in Medline, ISI Web of Science and Scopus as well as abstract books on this subject. We also corresponded with the authors of the references in related studies for introducing more resources and references. Results In all reviewed studies, different aspects of the quality of life in couples were evaluated including sexual, psychological, social, communicational, environmental, occupational, medical, as well as economical ones. In total, after initial screening of all studies, 10 general and 2 specific questionnaires were retrieved. Although no meta-analysis was found in the review, infertility had a negative effect on quality of life in couples. Conclusion This study revealed that some general questionnaires such as SF-36 and WHO-QOL were mostly used for assessing quality of life in infertile couples and some specific questionnaires such as FERTI-QoL and Fertility Problem Inventory were rarely used. Thus, it seems that the evaluation of quality of life in infertile couples needs valid instruments for measurement.

Mousavi, Seyyed Abbas; Masoumi, Seyyedeh Zahra; Keramat, Afsaneh; Pooralajal, Jalal; Shobeiri, Fatemeh

2013-01-01

402

The Results Framework—An Innovative Tool for Program Planning and Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article constitutes a case study of the development and implementation of the “results framework,” an innovative planning and evaluation tool that is rapidly becoming a standard requirement for United States Agency for International Development (USAID) projects. The framework is used in a USAID-funded regional initiative for HIV\\/AIDS prevention in Central America. This new program evaluation and monitoring tool provides

Melissa M. Toffolon-Weiss; Jane T. Bertrand; Stanley S. Terrell

1999-01-01

403

Visualization of search results: a comparative evaluation of text, 2D, and 3D interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there have been many prototypes of visualization in support of information retrieval, there has been little systematic evaluation that distinguishes the benefits of the visualization per se from that of various accompanying features. The current study focuses on such an evaluation of NIRVE, a tool that supports visualization of search results. Insofar as possible, functionally equivalent 3D, 2D, and

Marc M. Sebrechts; John V. Cugini; Sharon J. Laskowski; Joanna Vasilakis; Michael S. Miller

1999-01-01

404

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

405

'Ten Golden Rules' for Designing Software in Medical Education: Results from a Formative Evaluation of DIALOG.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of an evaluation of Distance Interactive Learning in Obstetrics and Gynecology (DIALOG) which is an electronic program for continuing education. Presents 10 golden rules for designing software for medical practitioners. (Contains 26 references.) (Author/YDS)

Jha, Vikram; Duffy, Sean

2002-01-01

406

Examinee Feedback Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic consideration of test-takers' reactions to the tests they take can be an important part of psychometric assessment. The Examinee Feedback Questionnaire (EFeQ) evaluates a variety of aspects of the test situation, such as physical conditions, examiner behavior, the testing conditions, and the test itself. The EFeQ was administered to 1,385 Israeli college applicants who took an entrance examination.

Baruch Nevo

1995-01-01

407

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

408

Summary of Supplier Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire was sent to over two hundred suppliers of EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) related equipment and services to ask those suppliers to comment on six basic issues of concern to the industry. They are: competition, reliability, security, consum...

1976-01-01

409

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)|

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

410

Fundamental issues in questionnaire design.  

PubMed

The questionnaire is probably the most common form of data collection tool used in nursing research. There is a misconception that anyone with a clear grasp of English and a modicum of common sense can design an effective questionnaire. Contrary to such common belief, this article will demonstrate that questionnaire design is a complex and time consuming process, but a necessary labour to ensure valid and reliable data is collected. In addition, meticulous construction is more likely to yield data that can be utilized in the pursuit of objective, quantitative and generalizable truths, upon which practice and policy decisions can be formulated. This article examines a myriad of fundamental issues surrounding questionnaire design, which encompass question wording, question order, presentation, administration and data collection, amongst other issues. PMID:10693384

Murray, P

1999-07-01

411

Test-Retest Reliability of the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised and the Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised (PBIQ-R) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised (PBFQ-R). These self-report parenting behavior assessment measures may be utilized as pre- and post-parent education program measures, with parents as well as…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Shamah, Renee

2011-01-01

412

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Chinese Version of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the factor structure of a Chinese version of Pintrich and De Groot’s Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). Data were gathered from a sample of 477 junior high and high school students, ranging in age from 12 to 19 years (M = 15.4, SD = 1.84), in Hong Kong. Results indicated that a

Nirmala Rao; John Sachs

1999-01-01

413

Development and initial validation of the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire (CMCQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on classroom goal-structures (CGS) has shown the usefulness of assessing the classroom mo- tivational climate to evaluate educational interventions and to promote changes in teachers' activity. So, the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire for Secondary and High-School students was developed. To validate it, confirmatory factor analysis and correlation and regression analyses were performed. Results showed that the CMCQ is a

Jesús Alonso Tapia; Blanca Fernández Heredia

2008-01-01

414

Sensitivity and Specificity of Depression Questionnaires in a College-Age Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II; A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. K. Brown, 1996) and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CESD; L. S. Radloff, 1977) questionnaires for a college-student sample. Results indicate that the BDI-II and CES-D evidenced satisfactory levels…

Shean, Glenn; Baldwin, Gretchen

2008-01-01

415

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire: Psychometric properties and relationship to dimensions of eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ). We analyzed the factor structure of the ACQ by conducting exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of healthy adults and a sample of dietician students. Further, the relationship between the resulting ACQ factors and dimensions of eating behavior, personality,

Jochen Müller; Dorothee Dettmer; Michael Macht

2008-01-01

416

Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents: Psychometric Properties of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire in a Clinical Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychometric properties of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ; W. M. Reynolds, 1987) were evaluated in a clinical sample of adolescents ages 13–18 years identified as suicide ideators (n = 67), attempters (n = 88), and psychiatric controls (n = 71). Results indicate that the SIQ is an internally consistent measure of 1 primary dimension of suicidal cognition and that

Aureen Pinto; Karin J. M. McCoy; Mark A. Whisman

1997-01-01

417

Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label Ranked #12. Label ranked #12. Frequency. ... 687, 15, 3.3, 3.3, 95.4. 241, 12, 2.6, 2.6, 98.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

418

On-board Evaluation Results of Active Phased Array Antenna for WINDS Satellite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phased Array Antennas (PAAs) have attracted attention for use as hopping spot beam antennas. In fact, a Ka band APAA was installed on the KIZUNA (WINDS). It was launched by an H-IIA Launch Vehicle in February 2008. This paper describes the WINDS APAA configuration, in addition to development results and on-board evaluation results of the APAA flight model.

Yajima, Masanobu; Hasegawa, Takumi; Kuroda, Tomonori; Shimada, Masaaki

419

Using Time Series Analysis to Visualize and Evaluate Background Subtraction Results for Computer Vision Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information visualization has proved its signiflcance and im- portance for exploring and analysis of complex data. This paper introduces a novel framework for applying time series analysis and visualization methods to evaluate and compare the results of background subtraction algorithms for com- puter vision applications. Instead of judging the results of background subtraction algorithms by just viewing the re- sulted

Samah Ramadan

420

Translation, cultural adaptation and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To translate, to perform a cultural adaptation of and to test the reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil. METHODS: First, the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and was then back-translated into French. These translations were reviewed by a committee to establish a Brazilian version of the questionnaire to be tested. The validity and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was evaluated. Patients of both sexes, who were aged 18 to 60 years and presented with rheumatoid arthritis affecting their hands, were interviewed. The patients were initially interviewed by two observers and were later interviewed by a single rater. First, the Visual Analogue Scale for hand pain, the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Disability questionnaire and the Health Assessment Questionnaire were administered. The third administration of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was performed fifteen days after the first administration. Ninety patients were assessed in the present study. RESULTS: Two questions were modified as a result of the assessment of cultural equivalence. The Cronbach's alpha value for this assessment was 0.93. The intraclass intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.76 and 0.96, respectively. The Spearman's coefficient indicated that there was a low level of correlation between the Cochin Hand Functional Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain (0.46) and that there was a moderate level of correlation of the Cochin Scale with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (0.66) and with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (0.63). The average administration time for the Cochin Scale was three minutes. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was successfully translated and adapted, and this version exhibited good internal consistency, reliability and construct validity.

Chiari, Aline; de Souza Sardim, Carla Caires; Natour, Jamil

2011-01-01

421

Clinical validation of a quality of life questionnaire in angina pectoris patients.  

PubMed

Angina pectoris impairs patients' quality of life. In order to assess its impact on quality of life, a questionnaire was developed using a literature review and interviews with patients and clinicians. It consisted of a general profile (SF-36) which measured functional status, well-being, perceived health, and a specific index, the Angina Pectoris Quality of Life Questionnaire, supplemented by new items. The acceptability, internal consistency reliability and clinical validity of this 70-item questionnaire were analysed in a cross-sectional study. Of 197 coronary patients approached, 93% (n = 184) agreed to participate and 86% (n = 170) returned the mailed questionnaire. Mean age of patients was 67 years (+/- 10); 79% were male and 70% were retired. Sixty patients were asymptomatic and 110 reported anginal crises (Canadian Cardiovascular Society Classification: class I: 48; II: 37; III: 13; IV: 0; V: 12). Globally, angina pectoris was found to affect each quality of life concept measured: physical functioning, well-being, and perceived health. Quality of life profiles worsened in accordance with increasing severity of the condition, as stratified by angina pectoris class. Asymptomatic patients reported better general and specific profiles. These results support the feasibility and usefulness of evaluating quality of life using the questionnaire. The validation of the data is very encouraging and enables the questionnaire to be used in clinical trials. PMID:8881847

Marquis, P; Fayol, C; Joire, J E

1995-11-01

422

The Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire. Method Diagnostic interviews were administered via telephone to 102 parents of children identified with selective mutism (SM) and 43 parents of children without SM from varying U.S. geographic regions. Children were between the ages of 3 and 11 inclusive and comprised 58% girls and 42% boys. SM diagnoses were determined using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children - Parent Version (ADIS-C/P); SM severity was assessed using the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ); and behavioral and affective symptoms were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to investigate the dimensionality of the SMQ and a modified parallel analysis procedure was used to confirm EFA results. Internal consistency, construct validity, and incremental validity were also examined. Results The EFA yielded a 13-item solution consisting of three factors: a) Social Situations Outside of School, b) School Situations, and c) Home and Family Situations. Internal consistency of SMQ factors and total scale ranged from moderate to high. Convergent and incremental validity were also well supported. Conclusions Measure structure findings are consistent with the 3-factor solution found in a previous psychometric evaluation of the SMQ. Results also suggest that the SMQ provides useful and unique information in the prediction of SM phenomenon beyond other child anxiety measures.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.; Roesch, Scott C.

2010-01-01

423

77 FR 49830 - Proposed Collection, Comments Requested: FBI National Academy Post-Course Questionnaire for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1110-0021] Proposed Collection, Comments Requested: FBI National Academy Post-Course Questionnaire for Graduates and FBI National Academy Post- Course Questionnaire for Supervisors of Graduates; FBI National Academy Level III Evaluation;...

2012-08-17

424

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2009-04-01

425

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

426

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

PubMed

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas. PMID:23413104

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Moritz, Steffen; Schwannauer, Matthias; Wiseman, Zoe; Greenwood, Kathryn E; Scott, Jan; Beck, Aaron T; Donaldson, Catherine; Hagen, Roger; Ross, Kerry; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Ison, Rebecca; Williams, Sally; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Garety, Philippa A

2013-02-27

427

Choosing observers for evaluation of aesthetic results in breast cancer conservative treatment  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The subjective evaluation of aesthetic results in conservative breast cancer treatment has largely been used without questioning the observer's skills. The aim of this study was to evaluate interobserver agreement of the aesthetic results of breast cancer conservative treatment in three groups of observers with different levels of experience. Methods and materials: Photographs were taken of 55 women who had undergone conservative unilateral breast cancer treatment and 5 control women with no breast disease. The images were then distributed to 13 observers who were divided into three groups according to their experience in breast cancer treatment: experienced, medium experienced, and inexperienced. They were first asked to distinguish the patients from the controls and for the patients to identify the operated side. Subsequently, they were asked to classify the aesthetic result as excellent, good, fair, or poor. The accuracy in identifying controls, patients, and side of treatment was calculated individually for all observers. The interobserver agreement for the aesthetic result was calculated using observed agreement and multiple {kappa} statistic ({kappa}) in each of the three groups. Results: Inexperienced observers performed significantly worse than experienced observers in identifying controls, patients, and the side of treatment. Agreement of the aesthetic result was significantly greater in the group of experienced observers ({kappa} = 0.59) than in the medium experienced ({kappa} = 0.35) and inexperienced ({kappa} = 0.33) observers. Conclusion: Previous experience in breast cancer conservative treatment should be considered a prerequisite for the evaluation of the aesthetic results.

Cardoso, Maria Joao [Surgery B Department, S. Joao Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto (Portugal)]. E-mail: mjcard@mail.med.up.pt; Santos, Ana Cristina [Hygiene and Epidemiology Department, Porto Medical School, Porto (Portugal); Cardoso, Jaime [Telecommunications and Multimedia Unit, INESC, Porto (Portugal); Barros, Henrique [Hygiene and Epidemiology Department, Porto Medical School, Porto (Portugal); Cardoso de Oliveira, Manuel [Surgery B Department, S. Joao Hospital, Porto Medical School, Porto (Portugal)

2005-03-01

428

The Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questionnaire is intended to be used with individuals who are experiencing regional pain problems that are af- fecting their performance at work, taking repeated short spells of sickness absence or are currently off work and have been so for up to 12 weeks. There are 21 scored questions concerning attitudes and beliefs, behaviour in response to pain, affect, perception

Grahame Brown

2008-01-01

429

Evaluation of mouse bioassay results in an inter-laboratory comparison for paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An inter-laboratory comparison of the AOAC mouse bioassay for paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxicity in shellfish was carried out among 25 Chinese laboratories to examine the overall performance for PSP testing in China, and to analyze the main factors affecting the performance of this method. The toxic scallop Patinopecten yessoensis collected from coast of Bohai Sea, China, was used as a test sample in the comparison study. The results were reported and evaluated using robust statistical methods. The z scores showed that 80%, 8%, and 12% of laboratories reported satisfactory results, unsatisfactory results, and questionable results, respectively. This evaluation demonstrates that the PSP mouse bioassay is an appropriate method for screening and testing PSP toxicity in shellfish. However, it was found that the experience and skill of technicians, as well as the body weight and health status of mice being used significantly affected the accuracy of the method.

Cao, Jijuan; Zheng, Jiang; Yu, Bing; Wang, Qiuyan; Xu, Junyi; Li, Aifeng

2011-07-01

430

Staying on Course: Three-Year Results of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school dropouts face an uphill battle in a labor market that increasingly rewards skills and postsecondary credentials: they are more likely than their peers to need public assistance, be arrested or incarcerated, and less likely to marry. This report presents results from a rigorous evaluation of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program,…

Millenky, Megan; Bloom, Dan; Muller-Ravett, Sara; Broadus, Joseph

2011-01-01

431

Field and laboratory evaluation of soil quality changes resulting from injection of liquid sewage sludge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil quality changes resulting from repeated or single injection of liquid municipal sewage sludge were evaluated in terraced cropland in eastern Nebraska, USA. Differences in soil properties among sampling locations were explained primarily by two factors, landscape position and sludge injection. Selected chemical properties (pH, EC, NO3–N) did not generally differ between landscape positions, but soil organic matter (organic C

S Stamatiadis; J. W Doran; T Kettler

1999-01-01

432

Making the Transition: Interim Results of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who drop out of high school face long odds of success in a labor market that increasingly values education and skills. This report presents interim results from a rigorous, ongoing evaluation of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program, which aims to "reclaim the lives of at-risk youth" who have dropped out of high school. ChalleNGe…

Millenky, Megan; Bloom, Dan; Dillon, Colleen

2010-01-01

433

Management by Results: Student Evaluation of Faculty Teaching and the Mis-Measurement of Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data on 4 years of courses at American University, regression results show that actual grades have a significant, positive effect on student evaluations of teaching (SETs), controlling for expected grade and fixed effects for both faculty and courses, and for possible endogeneity. Implications are that the SET is a faulty measure of…

Langbein, Laura

2008-01-01

434

Evaluating the quality of project planning: a model and field results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faulty planning will result in project failure, whereas high-quality project planning increases the project's chances of success. The paper reports on the successful development and implementation of a model aimed at evaluating the quality of project planning. The model is based on both the abilities required of the project manager and the organizational support required for a proper project management

O. Zwikael; S. Globerson

2004-01-01

435

SunLine Transit Agency Hydrogen-Powered Transit Buses: Evaluation Results Update.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In early 2007, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published a preliminary evaluation results report (January 2006 through November 2006) on hydrogen- and CNG-fueled buses operating at SunLine Transit Agency (SunLine) in Thousand Palms, Califo...

K. Changler L. Eudy

2007-01-01

436

Evaluation ofintegrated sof tware development environments: Challenges and results from three empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence shows that integrated development environments (IDEs) are too often functionality-oriented and difficult to use, learn, and master. This article describes challenges in the design ofusable IDEs and in the evaluation ofthe usability ofsuch tools. It also presents the results of three different empirical studies of IDE usability. Different methods are sequentially applied across the empirical studies in order to

Rex Bryan Kline; Ahmed Seffah

437

Management by Results and Higher Education Evaluation as Fashions and Success Stories: The Case of Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fashion is easily understood as something to do with style and consumption. However, the concept of fashion can also be applied when organisations and the change in them is analysed and explained. Universities and their departments adopt different kinds of policy fashions. This article approaches management by results and evaluation in the…

Treuthardt, Leena; Huusko, Mira; Saarinen, Taina

2006-01-01

438

Evaluation Results & Final Report for the Preservice Training for Child Care Workers Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent changes such as declining economic status of families and large-scale employment of women have resulted in increased utilization of child care services and the need for qualified child care providers. This study evaluated the Preservice Training for Child Care Workers programs' ability to meet the training needs of rural Texas child care…

Anderson, Sarah L.; Gramann, Jacqueline A.

439

Modeling the process of evaluation of scientific research results in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business processes modeling has become a trend in modern business. It helps to overcome the problems of complexity, misunderstandings of conducted activities and communication at all levels. This article presents AS-IS model of the process of evaluation of scientific research results in Serbia developed in WebSphere tool. Presented model has provided a better insight into the process and possibility to

O. Grljevic; A. M. Serdar; I. Horvat

2010-01-01

440

Coal-water-slurry evaluation. Volume 2. Laboratory and combustion test results. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second of three volumes describing a multi-phase coal-water slurry (CWS) test program. This volume presents the results of laboratory, atomization, and combustion tests which were performed on six slurries and their parent coals. The objectives of these tests was to establish laboratory test procedures for evaluating CWS fuels, to investigate relationships between laboratory properties and CWS combustion

R. D. Daley; G. A. Farthing; S. J. Vecci

1984-01-01

441

INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL, REPORTS ON EVALUATION PROCEDURES AND RESULTS 1965-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE RETRIEVAL EVALUATION RESULTS OBTAINED WITH THE AUTOMATIC SMART DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL SYSTEM FOR DOCUMENT COLLECTIONS IN THE FIELDS OF AERODYNAMICS, COMPUTER SCIENCE, AND DOCUMENTATION IS GIVEN IN THIS REPORT. THE VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF FULLY AUTOMATIC DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL, INCLUDING THE FORMS…

SALTON, GERALD

442

Results of the Housing Building Condition Evaluation Survey at the University of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A complete campus building condition evaluation survey was conducted at the University of Georgia in 1989 and results for the housing department were analyzed. The survey design was based on a model developed by Harlan Bareither at the University of Illinois that separates building deficiencies into seven general headings. Data were collected at…

Casey, John M.

443

Evaluation Of Oxidant Results At Camp Sites In The United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oxidant measurements available between 1964 and 1973 at the six CAMP sites (Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Washington, D. C.) have been evaluated. Elevated oxidant concentrations have been characterized by season of the year, hour of the day, Sunday compared to weekdays, sampling site, trend with time. Differences in results among the CAMP sites can be associated

A. P. Altshuller

1975-01-01

444

Amplitude and Phase Fluorescence-Spectroscopy Methods for Dissolved Oxygen Concentration Evaluation: Comparative Practical Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the practical results from a detailed comparative study of amplitude and phase fluorescence-spectroscopy methods for dissolved oxygen concentration evaluation. These results were obtained with an implemented optoelectronic measurement system that guarantees near-optimal operation conditions for both methods and a commercial fluorescence optical-fiber sensor, which is excited by a continuous-regulated sinusoidal-amplitude modulated light beam. The comparison was made

Gustavo J. Grillo; Miguel A. Pérez; Marta Valledor; Rubén Ramos

2005-01-01

445

Results of Isolated Lateral Meniscus Allograft Transplantation: Focus on Objective Evaluations With Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although numerous studies have reported outcomes of meniscus allograft transplantation, only a few dealt with isolated procedures or employed objective evaluation methods.Hypothesis: Isolated lateral meniscus allograft transplantation (LMAT) provides clinical improvements and favorable objective results in symptomatic lateral meniscus–deficient knees.Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.Methods: The authors collected and analyzed the results of 29 consecutive isolated LMATs

Chang-Wan Kim; Jong-Min Kim; Sang-Hoon Lee; Jae-Hyan Kim; Jingmin Huang; Kyung-Ah Kim; Seong-Il Bin

2011-01-01

446

Innovative nuclear thermal propulsion technology evaluation: Results of the NASA/DOE Task Team study  

SciTech Connect

In response to findings from two NASA/DOE nuclear propulsion workshops held in the summer of 1990, six task teams were formed to continue evaluation of various nuclear propulsion concepts. The Task Team on Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) created the Innovative Concepts Subpanel to evaluate thermal propulsion concepts which did not utilize solid fuel. The Subpanel endeavored to evaluate each of the concepts on a level technological playing field,'' and to identify critical technologies, issues, and early proof-of-concept experiments. The concepts included the liquid core fission, the gas core fission, the fission foil reactors, explosively driven systems, fusion, and antimatter. The results of the studies by the panel will be provided. 13 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Howe, S. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Borowski, S. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center); Motloch, C. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Helms, I. (Nuclear Utility Services, Damascus, MD (United States)); Diaz, N.; Anghaie, S. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)); Latham, T. (United

1991-01-01

447

Evaluating outcomes of palliative photodynamic therapy: instrument development and preliminary results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background: Subjective measures are considered the gold standard in palliative care evaluation, but no studies have evaluated palliative photodynamic therapy (PDT) subjectively. If PDT is to be accepted as a palliative therapy for later-stage obstructing esophageal and lung cancer, evidence of its effectiveness and acceptability to patients must be made known. Study Design/Materials and Methods: This ongoing study's major aim is to evaluate subjective outcomes of PDT in patients with obstructing esophageal and lung cancer. Existing measures of health status, dysphagia and performance status were supplemented with an instrument developed to evaluate PDT symptom relief and side effect burden, the PDT Side Effects Survey (PSES). Results: PDT patients treated with porfimer sodium (Photofrin) and 630-nm light experienced reduced dysphagia grade and stable performance status for at least one month after PDT (N= 10-17), but these effects did not necessarily persist at three months. Fatigue, appetite and quality of life may be the most burdensome issues for these patients. Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that the PSES is an acceptable and valid tool for measuring subjective outcomes of palliative PDT. This study is the first attempt to systematically evaluate subjective outcomes of palliative PDT. Multi-center outcomes research is needed to draw generalizable conclusions that will establish PDT's effectiveness in actual clinical practice and enhance the wider adoption of PDT as a cancer symptom relief modality.

Goodell, Teresa T.; Bargo, Paulo R.; Jacques, Steven L.

2002-06-01

448

Infant zygosity can be assigned by parental report questionnaire data  

Microsoft Academic Search

A parental report questionnaire posted to a population sample of 18-month-old twins correctly assigned zygosity in 95%of cases when validated against zygosity determined by identity of polymorphic DNA markers. The questionnaire was as accurate when readministered at 3 years of age, with 96% of children being assigned the same zygosity on both occasions. The results validate the use of parental

Thomas S Price; Bernard Freeman; Ian Craig; Stephen A Petrill; Lorna Ebersole; Robert Plomin

2000-01-01

449

Experimental Determination of Optimal Scales for Usability Questionnaire Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents experimentally derived recommendations for the optimal number of scale intervals that should be used for subjective usability and workload questionnaires and shows the results of preliminary work investigating the effects of la nguage understanding on fully labelled or partially labelled questionnaire designs.

Robert Bierton; Richard Bates

450

Development of the Physical Activity Class Satisfaction Questionnaire (PACSQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop the Physical Activity Class Satisfaction Questionnaire (PACSQ). In Study 1, qualitative data were collected from 16 students. The results, coupled with a review of the relevant literature, helped to construct the various dimensions of satisfaction. In Study 2, a quantitative questionnaire was developed and…

Cunningham, George B.

2007-01-01

451

Validation of the Spanish version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To validate in Spanish the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), a questionnaire to assess stress for research purposes in psychosomatic patients. Method: The test was administered to a healthy population (N=174) of nursing students and health workers and to a clinical sample (N=80) of patients attending a psychiatric outpatient consultation. Results: Concurrent validity: General and Recent PSQ scores correlated high

C Sanz-Carrillo; J Garc??a-Campayo; A Rubio; M. A Santed; M Montoro

2002-01-01

452

Self-selection biases in correlational studies based on questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly held that even where questionnaire response is poor, correlational studies are affected only by loss of degrees of freedom or precision. We show that this supposition is not true. If the decision to respond is correlated with a substantive variable of interest, then regression or analysis of variance methods based upon the questionnaire results may be adversely

Roger J. Bowden

1986-01-01

453

The Situational Outlook Questionnaire: assessing the context for change.  

PubMed

The Situational Outlook Questionnaire has been in use for many years as an assessment of the climate that supports change, innovation, and creativity. This study reports the descriptive statistics, internal consistency, factor structure, and other psychometric results from a sample of 4,730 respondents. Further areas for improvement of the questionnaire and assessment approach are identified. PMID:17564220

Isaksen, Scott G

2007-04-01

454

A ‘new and improved’ EQ-5D valuation questionnaire?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notwithstanding its widespread use, the standard questionnaire used to elicit visual analogue scale valuations for EQ-5D states is well known to suffer from problems with missing values (particularly for the state ‘dead’) and logical inconsistencies. This contribution reports on efforts to redesign the questionnaire to overcome these problems and the results from its use in a pilot study. The redesigned

Nancy Devlin; Paul Hansen; Peter Herbison; Susan Macran

2005-01-01

455

Development of a nutrition knowledge questionnaire for obese adults  

PubMed Central

Background and objective The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire for assessing nutritional knowledge among overweight adults. The questionnaire should reveal knowledge about current dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, everyday food choices, and conditions related to overweight. Design The first draft of the nutrition knowledge questionnaire (113 items) was based on literature review. To ensure content validity and expert-assessed face validity, an expert panel examined the questionnaire. Thereafter, the questionnaire was tested for user friendliness and ambiguity by five students. The questionnaire was pilot tested in a group of obese adults, similar to the target group. The results were analyzed for item difficulty and internal consistency and comments made by respondents were taken into account. Two student groups, differing in nutritional expertise, answered the questionnaire on two occasions to test construct validity and test–retest reliability. After the retest, a total overview of the questionnaire was made by the expert panel. The final questionnaire consisted of 91 items. Subjects The pilot study was conducted in obese adults waiting for a gastric bypass operation (n=33). Construct validity (n=34) and test–retest reliability (n=27) was tested in two student groups: public health nutrition students and construction students. Results Results from the pilot study showed that internal consistency of the three first sections together was 0.84, measured by Cronbach's ?. Test of construct validity showed that public health nutrition students scored significantly better than construction students (p<0.001 for all sections), and test–retest reliability for all sections together was 0.82 (Pearson's r). Conclusion The knowledge questionnaire had reasonable content-, face-, and construct validities and overall good reliability. The questionnaire can be a useful tool for measuring nutrition knowledge among obese adults.

Feren, Anne; Torheim, Liv E.; Lillegaard, Inger T. L.

2011-01-01

456

Histological evaluation of bone biopsy results during PVP or PKP of vertebral compression fractures  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is utilized for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). The present study was conducted to evaluate biopsy results obtained from VCFs during PVP or PKP. Between January 2003 and December 2011, 692 vertebral body biopsies were obtained from 546 patients (442 females and 104 males; mean age, 72.3 years), who underwent PVP or PKP for treatment of VCFs. A history of malignancy was identified in 44 patients. Histological/immunohistochemical evaluations were performed by experienced pathologists and 89.9% of biopsies obtained from 546 patients were suitable for histological/immunohistochemical evaluation. The biopsy results of 398 patients were in good agreement with the diagnosis of osteoporotic VCFs. Among the 44 patients with a history of malignancy, malignancy was identified in 25 patients, while osteoporosis was identified in 16 patients. Biopsies of the other 3 patients were not suitable for pathological examination. There were only 2 patients with previously undiagnosed malignancy. One patient was diagnosed with multiple myeloma, while another patient was diagnosed with metastatic carcinoma. In the present study, the rate of unsuspected malignancy was 0.4%. No symptomatic complications occurred as a result of biopsy. The results indicate that biopsy is safely performed during PVP or PKP and it is an efficacious procedure that verifies the pathological process and assists in identifying previously unsuspected processes responsible for VCFs. We recommend obtaining the biopsy of every collapsed vertebral body during PVP or PKP procedures.

ZHANG, LEI; LI, JIGANG; YANG, HUILIN; LUO, ZONGPING; ZOU, JUN

2013-01-01

457

The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language characteristics that reflect the phenotypic expression\\u000a of the genetic liability to autism, in non-autistic relatives of autistic individuals. These characteristics are milder but\\u000a qualitatively similar to the defining features of autism. A new instrument designed to measure the BAP in adults, the Broad\\u000a Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), was

Robert S. E. Hurley; Molly Losh; Morgan Parlier; J. Steven Reznick; Joseph Piven

2007-01-01

458

Development of a self-administered questionnaire to screen patients for cervical myelopathy  

PubMed Central

Background In primary care, it is often difficult to diagnose cervical myelopathy. However, a delay in treatment could cause irreversible aftereffects. With a brief and effective self-administered questionnaire for cervical myelopathy, cervical myelopathy may be screened more easily and oversight may be avoided. As there is presently no screening tool for cervical myelopathy, the aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire for the screening of cervical myelopathy. Methods A case-control study was performed with the following two groups at our university hospital from February 2006 to September 2008. Sixty-two patients (48 men, 14 women) with cervical myelopathy who underwent operative treatment were included in the myelopathy group. In the control group, 49 patients (20 men, 29 women) with symptoms that could be distinguished from those of cervical myelopathy, such as numbness, pain in the upper extremities, and manual clumsiness, were included. The underlying conditions were diagnosed as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, diabetes mellitus neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and neuralgic amyotrophy. Twenty items for a questionnaire in this study were chosen from the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, which is a new self-administered questionnaire, as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis using the chi-square test and by multiple logistic regression analysis. According to the resulting odds ratio, ?-coefficients, and p value, items were chosen and assigned a score. Results Eight items were chosen by univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and assigned a score. The Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic showed p = 0.805. The area under the receiver operation characteristic curve was 0.86. The developed questionnaire had a sensitivity of 93.5% and a specificity of 67.3%. Conclusions We successfully developed a simple self-administered questionnaire to screen for cervical myelopathy.

2010-01-01

459

CHALLENGES IN THE PRELIMINARY RESULTS DISPLAY FROM THE GIF PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION EVALUATION METHODOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Nuclear Energy System Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology has been used in several proliferation resistance nuclear reactor system design case studies to evaluate the differences in proliferation resistance of these systems. These studies, performed by a team of multi-national laboratory proliferation resistance experts, used an expert elicitation pathway assessment tool developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. This paper will discuss a variety of approaches, including graphical approaches, for the display and analysis of preliminary proliferation resistance results and describe the technical difficulties associated with the analysis of the collected data. The paper concludes with recommendations for qualitative methods to display the results from the expert elicitation.

Gastelum, Zoe N.; Zentner, Michael D.

2009-10-06

460

Mothers misunderstand questions on a feeding questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feeding questionnaires have not consistently identified mothers' beliefs or behaviors associated with preschool children becoming overweight. One reason may be that mothers do not understand the constructs in the questions in the way intended by the developers of the questionnaire. This study assessed items on the Preschooler Feeding Questionnaire (PFQ)—a maternal questionnaire about feeding practices and beliefs relating to the

Anjali Jain; Susan N. Sherman; Leigh A. Chamberlin; Robert C. Whitaker

2004-01-01

461

The influence of different evaluation techniques on the results of interlaboratory comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of different evaluation techniques on the results of an interlaboratory comparison for the determination of\\u000a nutrients in ground- and surface water was investigated. The outlier-test procedure was found to influence the interlaboratory\\u000a standard deviations (SDs), but not the averages. It was shown that even small differences in the numbers of outliers detected\\u000a can change the SD severely. Comparing

Thomas Peter Josef Linsinger; Wolfgang Kandler; R. Krska; Manfred Grasserbauer

1998-01-01