This note presents a legal question in an attempt to find an answer. The author hopes that some legal scholar can explain the principle of ex post facto in the US Constitution as it applies to some of the environmental laws. One of the major advantages of the Association is that it provides a forum for communication among members with different backgrounds and experience. An ex post facto law is one that is applied retroactively. Under such a law, a person could be punished for some act that violated a law passed after the act was committed, even though the act was legal when committed. The US Constitution prohibits such laws, as will be discussed later. States are also prohibited from enacting ex post facto laws.
Braga, Anthony A.; Hureau, David M.; Papachristos, Andrew V.
Background: A small but growing body of research evidence suggests that place-based police interventions generate significant crime control gains. While place-based policing strategies have been adopted by a majority of U.S. police departments, very few agencies make a priori commitments to rigorous evaluations. Objective: Recent methodological…
An Ex-Post Facto Examination of Relationships among the Developmental Designs Professional Development Model/Classroom Management Approach, School Leadership, Climate, Student Achievement, Attendance, and Behavior in High Poverty, Middle Grades Schools
Hough, David L.; Schmitt, Vicki L.
This study reports finding from an ex post facto causal-comparison study utilizing data from a multifaceted program evaluation of a professional development approach to classroom management known as Development Designs 1 and Developmental Designs 2 (DD1 & D2). Data from this program evaluation indicate that teachers implement a number of classroom…
Ernst, Jeremy V.; Williams, Thomas O., Jr.
Technology and engineering educators have an opportunity to serve a vital role in contributing to or assisting in the guidance of educational programming for students qualifying for accommodation services. Within this article, students referred to as at-risk were from two specific special populations within this group: individuals with…
While community colleges do an excellent job of fulfilling their open door mission, research shows that the completion rate for community college students is dismal. One retention strategy often employed by community colleges is providing support through orientation programs. A great deal of research has focused on orientation at the four-year…
Aymerich, Marta; Carrion, Carme; Gallo, Pedro; Garcia, Maria; López-Bermejo, Abel; Quesada, Miquel; Ramos, Rafel
Most ex-post evaluations of research funding programs are based on bibliometric methods and, although this approach has been widely used, it only examines one facet of the project's impact, that is, scientific productivity. More comprehensive models of payback assessment of research activities are designed for large-scale projects with extensive funding. The purpose of this study was to design and implement a methodology for the ex-post evaluation of small-scale projects that would take into account both the fulfillment of projects' stated objectives as well as other wider benefits to society as payback measures. We used a two-phase ex-post approach to appraise impact for 173 small-scale projects funded in 2007 and 2008 by a Spanish network center for research in epidemiology and public health. In the internal phase we used a questionnaire to query the principal investigator (PI) on the outcomes as well as actual and potential impact of each project; in the external phase we sent a second questionnaire to external reviewers with the aim of assessing (by peer-review) the performance of each individual project. Overall, 43% of the projects were rated as having completed their objectives "totally", and 40% "considerably". The research activities funded were reported by PIs as socially beneficial their greatest impact being on research capacity (50% of payback to society) and on knowledge translation (above 11%). The method proposed showed a good discriminating ability that makes it possible to measure, reliably, the extent to which a project's objectives were met as well as the degree to which the project contributed to enhance the group's scientific performance and of its social payback. PMID:22595067
Gravelle, H S
The paper examines the welfare properties of an ex post value regulation scheme in which a pharmaceutical firm's revenue varies with the social value of its product. The mechanism, which is a variant of that proposed by Loeb and Magat, leads to efficient investment in research and development (R&D), production, consumption, and promotion under certain market and technologic conditions. The mechanism's attractive simplicity is lost when account is taken of the rivalrous nature of R&D, the fact that drugs can be complements or substitutes, the excess cost of taxes needed to finance the mechanism, and the multinational character of most pharmaceutical firms. PMID:9566465
Akuegwu, B. A.; Edet, A. O.; Uchendu, C. C.
This ex-post facto designed study investigated the extent of Deans and Heads of Departments' effectiveness in managing research output for knowledge creation in South-South Nigerian universities. One research question and one hypothesis were drawn along the four dimensions of knowledge creation namely: socialization, combination, externalization…
Ex Post Moral Hazard and Bayesian Learning in Insurance Michael Ludkovski1 and Virginia R. Young@umich.edu 1 corresponding author #12;EX POST MORAL HAZARD AND BAYESIAN LEARNING IN INSURANCE Abstract. We study a dynamic insurance market with asymmetric information and ex post moral hazard. In our model
Molinari, D.; Menoni, S.; Aronica, G. T.; Ballio, F.; Berni, N.; Pandolfo, C.; Stelluti, M.; Minucci, G.
In recent years, awareness of a need for more effective disaster data collection, storage, and sharing of analyses has developed in many parts of the world. In line with this advance, Italian local authorities have expressed the need for enhanced methods and procedures for post-event damage assessment in order to obtain data that can serve numerous purposes: to create a reliable and consistent database on the basis of which damage models can be defined or validated; and to supply a comprehensive scenario of flooding impacts according to which priorities can be identified during the emergency and recovery phase, and the compensation due to citizens from insurers or local authorities can be established. This paper studies this context, and describes ongoing activities in the Umbria and Sicily regions of Italy intended to identifying new tools and procedures for flood damage data surveys and storage in the aftermath of floods. In the first part of the paper, the current procedures for data gathering in Italy are analysed. The analysis shows that the available knowledge does not enable the definition or validation of damage curves, as information is poor, fragmented, and inconsistent. A new procedure for data collection and storage is therefore proposed. The entire analysis was carried out at a local level for the residential and commercial sectors only. The objective of the next steps for the research in the short term will be (i) to extend the procedure to other types of damage, and (ii) to make the procedure operational with the Italian Civil Protection system. The long-term aim is to develop specific depth-damage curves for Italian contexts.
Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia
Ex-Post Costs and RIN Prices Under the Renewable Fuel Standard Gabriel E. Lade,a,c C.-Y. Cynthia the EPA's ex ante cost and benefit estimates to measures of ex post costs implied by the price by 2022, which would displace approximately 25% of current fuel demand. The RFS2 was created by the Energy
GIBSON, MORGAN; AND OTHERS
ALTHOUGH SEGREGATION IS LEGALLY WRONG, IT IS STILL MAINTAINED IN A DE FACTO SENSE BY DISCRIMINATORY HOUSING. A GROUP OF MILWAUKEE SOCIAL SCIENTISTS STATED THAT THIS DE FACTO SEGREGATION IN THE URBAN AREAS HURTS EDUCATION IN THESE WAS--(1) IT UNDERMINES THE MORALE OF ONE GROUP WHILE PERPETUATING THE PREJUDICE OF THE OTHER, (2) SCHOOLS IN MINORITY…
Dixon-Woods, Mary; Bosk, Charles L; Aveling, Emma Louise; Goeschel, Christine A; Pronovost, Peter J
Context: Understanding how and why programs work—not simply whether they work—is crucial. Good theory is indispensable to advancing the science of improvement. We argue for the usefulness of ex post theorization of programs. Methods: We propose an approach, located within the broad family of theory-oriented methods, for developing ex post theories of interventional programs. We use this approach to develop an ex post theory of the Michigan Intensive Care Unit (ICU) project, which attracted international attention by successfully reducing rates of central venous catheter bloodstream infections (CVC-BSIs). The procedure used to develop the ex post theory was (1) identify program leaders’ initial theory of change and learning from running the program; (2) enhance this with new information in the form of theoretical contributions from social scientists; (3) synthesize prior and new information to produce an updated theory. Findings: The Michigan project achieved its effects by (1) generating isomorphic pressures for ICUs to join the program and conform to its requirements; (2) creating a densely networked community with strong horizontal links that exerted normative pressures on members; (3) reframing CVC-BSIs as a social problem and addressing it through a professional movement combining “grassroots” features with a vertically integrating program structure; (4) using several interventions that functioned in different ways to shape a culture of commitment to doing better in practice; (5) harnessing data on infection rates as a disciplinary force; and (6) using “hard edges.” Conclusions: Updating program theory in the light of experience from program implementation is essential to improving programs’ generalizability and transferability, although it is not a substitute for concurrent evaluative fieldwork. Future iterations of programs based on the Michigan project, and improvement science more generally, may benefit from the updated theory present here. PMID:21676020
Jamasb, Tooraj; Söderberg, M.
and Magnus Söderberg Following the liberalisation of network industries there has been a number of innovations in incentive regulation. This paper examines the effects of the application of norm models within an ex-post incentive regulation... O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract Yardstick and Ex-Post Utility Regulation by Norm Model: Empirical Equivalence, Pricing Effect, and Performance in Sweden EPRG Working Paper 0906 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 0908 Tooraj Jamasb...
Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen; Peter Reinhard Hansen; Neil Shephard
This paper shows how to use realized kernels to carry out efficient feasible inference on the ex post variation of underlying equity prices in the presence of simple models of market frictions. The weights can be chosen to achieve the best possible rate of convergence and to have an asymptotic variance which equals that of the maximum likelihood estimator in
Evans, John E.
This analysis of library system and service activity provides a retrospective view of user choices in a multi-system environment. Using historical data to predict future demands, conclusions are drawn from the data that should guide future planning and development activities. Ex post facto analysis of 15 years' data was performed on the use of…
Smeltzer, Larry R.
Reviews the focus of the journal "Management Communication Quarterly" during its first six years, to explore whether a theme has emerged that could be a de facto definition of management communication. Finds mixed results. (SR)
An Ex Post Facto Study on the Relationship between Self-Reported Peer-to-Peer Mentoring Experiences and Instructor Confidence, Institutional Loyalty, and Student Satisfaction among Part-Time Instructors
Watson, Carolyn A.
Problem: The most recent data from the U.S. Department of Educational Statistics estimate that part-time faculty now comprises almost half of the faculty labor force; many believe this statistic has been gravely underestimated. Powerful unions like the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) and the American Association of Colleges…
...Procedures § 1.9010 De facto control standard for spectrum leasing...licensee retains de facto control under section 310(d) of...to have retained de facto control of leased spectrum if it...reasonable degree of actual working knowledge about the...
...Procedures § 1.9010 De facto control standard for spectrum leasing...licensee retains de facto control under section 310(d) of...to have retained de facto control of leased spectrum if it...reasonable degree of actual working knowledge about the...
Human resource development of Hispanic students in a large Hispanic-majority community college in south Texas: student entry characteristics as predictors of successful course completion and retention in face-to-face and distance education
Cole, Brenda S.
Hispanic student success within community colleges is critical to our future national economy and as such, was pertinent to this Human Resource Development (HRD) research. In this ex-post-facto study, the researcher examined ...
Westhoek, H; van den Berg, R; de Hoop, W; van der Kamp, A
This paper summarises the results of both an ex-post evaluation of the Dutch Mineral Accounting System (MINAS) and an ex-ante evaluation of the effect of different levy-free surplus values. The MINAS system has been introduced in 1998 in order to reduce nitrate and phosphate leaching from agricultural soils. MINAS resulted in a reduction of the N surplus on dairy farms of approximately 50 kg ha(-1) to limited or no costs to the farms involved. MINAS resulted in higher costs for manure removal for intensive livestock farmers. Though emissions of N and P have decreased significantly during the last five years effects of this reduction in environmental quality cannot be observed, except for a small decrease in nitrate concentration of the upper groundwater. The ex-ante evaluation of different variants for possible future levy-free surplus levels indicated that under the lowest variant, the nitrate concentration in groundwater will exceed 50 mg per litre on 14% of the area. The environmental effect of the different variants for P were not distinguished. The lowering of the levy-free surplus for P will have a drastic effect on the intensive livestock farms. The incorporation of fertiliser P under the MINAS system would be a cheap option to reduce the P surplus. PMID:15053105
Ghislain, M; Montenegro, J D; Juarez, H; Herrera, M del Rosario
The possible introduction of genetically modified potato in the Andean region raises concerns about the unintentional introduction of transgenes into the native potato germplasm because it is perceived to convey negative impacts on biodiversity. We investigated this question by an ex-post analysis of existing landraces resulting from natural hybridization between an unknown landrace and the fertile commercial variety 'Yungay'. This variety can be regarded as exotic because it was bred in part from the southern Chilean germplasm of Solanum tuberosum Group Chilotanum. We sampled the landrace germplasm of 1,771 leaf samples comprising more than 400 different landraces from three regions where 'Yungay' and landraces have coexisted for 15-25 years in the Peruvian Andes. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used to identify putative hybrids based on allele sharing with those of 'Yungay'. The exclusion procedure was iterative, starting with the SSR markers with highest discriminating capacity based on allele frequency of the variety 'Yungay' in our large database of 688 landraces by 24 SSR makers. With only 12 of the 24 SSR markers assayed, all of the samples could be rejected as possible hybrids with 'Yungay' as a parent. This result demonstrates that the unintentional introduction of a transgene, not under farmers' selection, from a widely grown transgenic variety over a long period of time is unlikely to happen at a detectable scale. Our finding reinforces the prominent role of farmers in the selection and maintenance of landraces which, unlike hybrids, have specific characteristics that farmers appreciate. PMID:25432083
Gallard Martínez, Alejandro José; Antrop-González, René
The vignette we use as the introduction works to define and distinguish the concepts of de jure and de facto pedagogical actions, especially as related to Latin@ education and its relationship with STEM fields. The authors assert that de jure educational policies, which are often legal guidelines that mandate minimum levels of compliance, unfortunately become translated to mean the normative way to implement educational practice. Hence, going above and beyond the call of duty to educate Latin@ children and youth through culturally meaningful STEM practices while respecting, affirming, and utilizing decolonizing ways of viewing science and math is not viewed as standard. Thus, it is imperative that STEM educators who work with Latin@ learners demand that de jure education guidelines translated as de facto pedagogical actions are not enough. On the contrary, de jure and de facto ways of teaching and learning should always consist of a counterhegemonic normative.
Durrance, Joan C.
Describes factors shaping library and information science field to illustrate the need for continuing education (CE), and constructs a de facto library school CE role based on indicators developed from examination of patterns in presence of CE coordinator, CE pattern statistics, course content, costs, and CE announcements in professional…
(a) Under the rules established for spectrum leasing arrangements in this subpart, the following standard is applied for purposes of determining whether a licensee retains de facto control under section 310(d) of the Communications Act with regard to spectrum that it leases to a spectrum...
Robinson, J H
This ex post facto descriptive correlational design study of widows during their second year of bereavement utilizes Roy's adaptation model as a guiding framework. Contextual stimuli (social support, social network, income/education, spiritual beliefs) were related to the cognator function (coping process), which was related to adaptation outcome (grief response). Significant moderate positive relationships were found between social support and coping process, and between social network and coping process. A significant relationship was also found between coping process and grief response. The path model accounted for 18% explained variance. PMID:8684724
Rice, Jacelyn; Westerhoff, Paul
De facto potable reuse occurs when treated wastewater is discharged into surface waters upstream of potable drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) intakes. Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharges may pose water quality risks at the downstream DWTP, but additional flow aids in providing a reliable water supply source. In this work de facto reuse is analyzed for 2056 surface water intakes serving 1210 DWTPs across the U.S.A. that serve greater than 10,000 people, covering approximately 82% of the nation’s population. An ArcGIS model is developed to assess spatial relationships between DWTPs and WWTPs, with a python script designed to perform a network analysis by hydrologic region. A high frequency of de facto reuse occurrence was observed; 50% of the DWTP intakes are potentially impacted by upstream WWTP discharges. However, the magnitude of de facto reuse was seen to be relatively low, where 50% of the impacted intakes contained less than 1% treated municipal wastewater under average streamflow conditions. De facto reuse increased greatly under low streamflow conditions (modeled by Q95), with 32 of the 80 sites yielding at least 50% treated wastewater, this portion of the analysis is limited to sites where stream gauge data was readily available. PMID:25544250
Woolman, Stuart; Fleisch, Brahm
School choice is often identified with right-leaning, voucher-happy, market-oriented public school systems like those found in the United States. Thus the proposition that a social democratic state such as South Africa will offer many primary and secondary school learners far greater choice strikes many as counter-intuitive and implausible. The…
The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women in the field of astronomy. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. Four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants’ knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self,” were limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.
Jeyaraj, P.; Sugumar, D.; Thandavamoorthy, K.; Xavier, S. Joseph
The quality of education of any distance learning programme is maintained by various ways, such as: quality of study material, internal and external evaluation, and student support methods and so on. The above aspects should be available in aspects to the Post graduate degree students. In this research Ex Post Facto research with field survey is…
Gbore, L. O.; Daramola, C. A.
This study investigated the relative contributions of selected teachers' variables and students' attitude towards academic achievement in biology among senior secondary schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. It involved descriptive survey research and ex-post facto research designs. The sample, 360 respondents which consists of 180 biology teachers and…
Asiyai, Romina Ifeoma
This study was aimed at investigating strategies for effective management of higher education for building a culture of peace in Nigeria. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the investigation. The study is a survey research which adopted the ex-post-facto design. The respondents comprised of one thousand four hundred and eighty…
Szabla, David B.
In this survey research study, the researcher employed a causal-comparative, or ex post facto, design to explore the relationship between how union employees of a U.S. county government perceived implementation of a new electronic performance appraisal process and how they responded to the planned organizational change along cognitive, emotional,…
Barkhurst, M. D.; Wolf, W. C., Jr.
The process of program initiation and the use and communication of new information and practices of public alternative schools or programs in the New England area were examined. Four research questions were pursued in the study. An ex post facto research methodology, employing mailed questionnaires and personal interviews, was used. The study…
Asiyai, Romina Ifeoma
Employing survey research design of the ex-post facto type, this study examined information and community technologies integration in teaching and learning in institutions of higher learning in Delta State, Nigeria. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the investigation. Descriptive statistical tools such as mean and standard…
Sulzer, Sandra H
A diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) often signals the quintessential "difficult patient" status to clinicians, with at least one scholar arguing the condition itself was created to name and group difficult patients. While patients who are deemed difficult are often dispreferred for care, does this have an impact on their overall status as medicalized patients who have successfully achieved a sick role? This study relies on (n = 22) in-depth interviews with mental health clinicians in the United States from 2012 to evaluate how they describe patients with BPD, how the diagnosis of BPD affects the treatment clinicians are willing to provide, and the implications for patients. My findings suggest patients with BPD are routinely labeled "difficult," and subsequently routed out of care through a variety of direct and indirect means. This process creates a functional form of demedicalization where the actual diagnosis of BPD remains de jure medicalized, but the de facto or treatment component of medicalization is harder to secure for patients. PMID:26298091
Klossa, J; Cordier, J C; Flandrin, G; Got, C; Hémet, J
Since 1980, French pathologists at ADICAP (Association pour le Développement de l'Informatique en Cytologie et en Anatomie Pathologique) have created a common language code allowing the use of computers for routine applications. This code permitted the production of an associated exhaustive image bank of approximately 30,000 images. This task involved many specialists necessitating the definition of specific processes for security and simplicity of data handling. In particular, it has been necessary to develop image communication. To achieve that goal, it was necessary to define a folder, associating textual information to images. That was done through several industrial software providers contribution. Consequently, this folder, using a common packaging standard, allowed any pathologist access to images, codified data and clinical information. Accessing folders has been made easy by launching a Web server at CRIHAN under the supervision of ADICAP. An ADICAP software user may not only browse through the folder but may also import them into their own system and produce new folders. Today more than a hundred users in France and in foreign countries are able to provide diagnostic advice and also referential products useful for further education and quality control. The next challenge is the development of this preliminary de facto approach toward an internationally admitted standard suited for morphological image exchange. PMID:9600422
Shephard, Samuel; Gerritsen, Hans; Kaiser, Michel J; Reid, David G
The life history characteristics of some elasmobranchs make them particularly vulnerable to fishing mortality; about a third of all species are listed by the IUCN as Threatened or Near Threatened. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been suggested as a tool for conservation of elasmobranchs, but they are likely to be effective only if such populations respond to fishing impacts at spatial-scales corresponding to MPA size. Using the example of the Celtic Sea, we modelled elasmobranch biomass (kg h(-1)) in fisheries-independent survey hauls as a function of environmental variables and 'local' (within 20 km radius) fishing effort (h y(-1)) recorded from Vessel Monitoring Systems data. Model selection using AIC suggested strongest support for linear mixed effects models in which the variables (i) fishing effort, (ii) geographic location and (iii) demersal fish assemblage had approximately equal importance in explaining elasmobranch biomass. In the eastern Celtic Sea, sampling sites that occurred in the lowest 10% of the observed fishing effort range recorded 10 species of elasmobranch including the critically endangered Dipturus spp. The most intensely fished 10% of sites had only three elasmobranch species, with two IUCN listed as Least Concern. Our results suggest that stable spatial heterogeneity in fishing effort creates de facto refugia for elasmobranchs in the Celtic Sea. However, changes in the present fisheries management regime could impair the refuge effect by changing fisher's behaviour and displacing effort into these areas. PMID:23166635
Gabriel, KASA, M.
The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.
Omirin, M. S.
This study examined the gender issue in the performance of students admitted through Universities Matriculation Examination (UME) and pre-degree into the Nigerian Universities. Ex-post facto design of descriptive research was adopted for the study. A proforma was used to collect data from a sample of two hundred and fifty students from the…
Adeyemi, T. O.
This paper investigates the mode of entry as a predictor of success in final year bachelor of education degree examinations in universities in Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria. As an ex-post facto and correlational research, the study population comprised all the 1810 final year 400 level students in the two universities offering education courses,…
Meuth, Elsbeth F.
This study investigated corporate attitudes toward giving to American higher education in order to contribute insight into corporate philanthropy and to facilitate better understanding and improve university and college fund raising strategies. The research design used was ex post facto. A survey instrument was developed to collect attitudinal and…
How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals
Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam
The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…
Moore, J. Elton
An ex-post-facto research study of family attitudes toward blindness as reported by three different groups of rehabilitation closures revealed a number of significant differences between the groups on a semantic differential scale, which suggests that the family is a major contributing factor to successul rehabilitation and to securing gainful…
Olsen Rowland, Joyce Kay
The purpose of the quantitative ex post facto study was to compare the English Placement Test (EPT) scores of students before and after the Expository Reading and Writing Curriculum (ERWC) remediation efforts had been employed and to determine the effectiveness of the ERWC in raising EPT scores. Using a Wilcoxon signed rank test, the researcher…
Salami, Samuel O.; Aremu, A. Oyesoji
Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationships of parental attachment and psychological separation to the career development process of secondary school adolescents. Design/methodology/approach: An "ex post facto" survey research design was adopted. The sample comprised 242 (males = 121, females = 121) senior secondary…
This quantitative research study used ex post facto data to analyze possible relationships between a discrete set of independent variables and academic achievement among provisionally admitted students at a public, four-year historically black university located in the mid-Atlantic United States. The independent variables were first-generation…
Perry, Kimberly A.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the use of a course management system in relation to faculty characteristics and instructional environments at a rural community college in California. The use of the course management system, Blackboard, was the technology studied. This study used a nonexperimental quantitative ex post facto research…
L Conroy; K McKenna
Study Design: Non-experimental (ex post facto) survey research design involving the use of a fixed alternative format questionnaire. Objectives: To investigate variables influencing vocational outcome, to identify barriers to gaining and sustaining employment and to identify the effects of variables on the type of work engaged in following spinal cord injury. The two sets of independent variables considered were, individual
Gray, Russell E.
The lack of research about the efficacy of the three primary methods for training teachers to work with students from diverse cultures makes it difficult for universities to provide the proper training. The following quantitative, non-experimental, causal-comparative, ex-post facto study gathered and analyzed data concerning the efficacy of the…
Martinez, Beate M. Winter
The purpose of this study is to describe the difference in the academic achievement of urban Hispanic high school students based on the small learning community theme. The study used a quantitative method of ex post facto research to examine how the academic achievement of Hispanic high school students differs across the themes of small…
Wright, Tiffanie L.
The purpose of this study was to explore whether Modeling Instruction, compared to traditional lecturing, is an effective instructional method to promote academic achievement in selected high school physics classes at a rural middle Tennessee high school. This study used an "ex post facto," quasi-experimental research methodology. The…
Eshetu, Amogne Asfaw
Gender is among the determinant factors affecting students' academic achievement. This paper tried to investigate the impact of gender on academic performance of preparatory secondary school students based on 2014 EHEECE result. Ex post facto research design was used. To that end, data were collected from 3243 students from eight purposively…
Hong, Barbara S. S.; Herbert, James T.; Petrin, Robert A.
This proposed exploratory study represents the largest and first investigation in the USA that will purposefully analyse and track students who have sought disability services over a 10-year span (academic years 2000-2011). Using "ex post-facto" data on a non-probability purposive sample of approximately 6000 undergraduates, the research team will…
Holman, Lester Donnie
In an ex post facto causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of Automated Writing Evaluation (AWE) programs on raising the student writing achievement. Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) writing achievement scores from the 2010 administration were utilized for this study. The independent variable…
Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.
There has been no research linking implementation of a public smoking ban and reduced incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among nonsmoking patients. An ex post facto matched control group study was conducted to determine whether there was a change in hospital admissions for AMI among nonsmoking patients after a public smoking ban was…
This paper aims to show that to reduce the level of exploitation present in (some) international clinical trials, research sponsors must aim to provide both an ex-ante expected gain in utility and a fair ex-post distribution of benefits for research subjects. I suggest the following principles of fair risk distribution in international research as the basis of a normative definition of fairness: (a) Persons should not be forced (by circumstance) to gamble in order to achieve or protect basic goods; (b) In cases where one party is gambling with basic goods and the other party is not, the distribution of benefits and burdens must be arranged so that they are of greatest benefit to the worst off; (c) In relationships where one party is gambling for basic goods and the other party is not, the party gambling for basic goods must be assured of some guaranteed benefits in addition to the chance of getting some practical benefits. These principles are applied to the case of HIV international research. I conclude that the research (as described) is mutually advantageous but still exploitative because the distribution of surplus benefits is unfair. It is unfair because research subjects are gambling with and for basic goods but they are not assured of a fair ex-post distribution of benefits. Principles (b) and (c) are not satisfied. Research participants are not accorded enough guaranteed benefits to outweigh the risks they undertake. PMID:16425485
McCarl, Bruce A.
outbreaks of diseases such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) can cause substantial economic damages (Thompson strategies. Analysis of prevention and response strategies directed toward Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) have concentrate on post outbreak disease management including the optimal use of vaccination and slaughter. Less
Eberhard Feess; Eva Heesen
We consider a model of optimal law enforcement where sanctions are reduced for self-reporting individuals. Violators get private\\u000a signals about their individual probabilities of apprehension after they committed a crime. Since violators will self-report if and only if the signal is above a specific threshold, the possibility\\u000a of self-reporting has an option value that leads to a higher crime rate
Friedland, D.M.; Hagen, P.E. )
It was observed in the July 1992 issue of this Journal that a plain reading of the Constitution's prohibition on [open quotes][ital ex post facto][close quotes] suggests that some environmental statutes such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) conflict with Constitutional principles. Like many Constitutional principles, however, the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution's bar on [ital ex post facto] laws has a long history. The Court has consistently interpreted this clause as limited to criminal or penal statutes. This article discusses the history of the [ital ex post facto] clause, the retroactive application of CERCLA and RCRA, the decision that retroactive application of CERCLA and RCRA does not violate the [ital ex post facto] clause, and laws, regulations, and guidance. 27 refs.
...registration and disclosure under any provision of the Act. (b) Anonymous, hypothetical, non-party and ex post facto review requests...hypothetical, transaction and involve disclosed, as opposed to anonymous, agents and principals. Review requests must be...
...Americas, LLC; (F) East Jordan Iron Works Inc.; (G) The Garlic Company; (H) Insteel Wire Products Company; (I) Neenah...P) U.S. Foundry & Manufacturing Co.; (Q) Valley Garlic; (R) Vessey and Company; (6) Nucor; (7) Retail...
Resh, Nura; Dar, Yechezkel
School integration (desegregation) was introduced in Israeli junior high schools in 1968 with the aim of increasing educational equality and decreasing (Jewish) ethnic divides. While never officially abandoned, a "de facto" retreat from this policy has been observed since the early 1990s, despite the voluminous research that revealed its positive,…
is O(1)- competitive against an optimal global algorithm. We motivate the need for allowing TCP to haveTCP is Competitive Against a Limited AdversaryThis research was supported in part by grants from the well-known Transport Control Protocol (TCP) is a de facto standard for reliable communication
Diagnostic performance of transluminal attenuation gradient and fractional flow reserve by coronary computed tomographic angiography (FFRCT) compared to invasive FFR: a sub-group analysis from the DISCOVER-FLOW and DeFACTO studies.
Nakanishi, Rine; Matsumoto, Suguru; Alani, Anas; Li, Dong; Kitslaar, Pieter H; Broersen, Alexander; Koo, Bon-Kwon; Min, James K; Budoff, Matthew J
Although coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has been a robust diagnostic tool to identify anatomical significance of coronary artery disease (CAD), the utility of CCTA to assess hemodynamic significance of CAD remains unclear. We investigated the diagnostic performance of transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) and fractional flow reserve derived from CCTA (FFRCT) to predict lesion-specific ischemia by invasive FFR. We identified 103 patients with suspected or known CAD enrolled from the DISCOVER-FLOW and DeFACTO studies who underwent invasive coronary angiography with FFR and high quality ?64-slice CCTA. Diagnostic performance for predicting abnormal invasive FFR (?0.80) was assessed for TAG [?-1.1 HU/mm by the area under the curve (AUC) by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis (ROC)], FFRCT (?0.80), and CCTA stenosis (?50 %). On a per-vessel analysis (n = 146), 52 vessels (35.6 %) had ischemia by invasive FFR. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 53.8, 45.7, 35.4, 64.2 % for TAG, 82.7, 74.5, 64.2, 88.6 % for FFRCT, 84.6, 39.4, 43.6, 82.2 % for CCTA stenosis, respectively. The AUC by ROC curve analysis for FFRCT (0.79) demonstrated greater discrimination of hemodynamic ischemia compared to TAG (0.50, p < 0.0001 vs. FFRCT), CCTA stenosis (0.62, p = 0.0004 vs. FFRCT) and the combination of the two (0.63, p = 0.004 vs. FFRCT). These results remained consistent regardless of the number of CCTA slices. FFRCT allows identification of lesion-specific ischemia using invasive FFR as a reference standard with greater diagnostic accuracy than TAG, CCTA stenosis, or the combination of the two. PMID:25904402
In December 2003, seventeen years after the first UK research assessment exercise, Italy started up its first-ever national research evaluation, with the aim to evaluate, using the peer review method, the excellence of the national research production. The evaluation involved 20 disciplinary areas, 102 research structures, 18,500 research products and 6,661 peer reviewers (1,465 from abroad); it had a direct cost of 3.55 millions Euros and a time length spanning over 18 months. The introduction of ratings based on ex post quality of output and not on ex ante respect for parameters and compliance is an important leap forward of the national research evaluation system toward meritocracy. From the bibliometric perspective, the national assessment offered the unprecedented opportunity to perform a large-scale comparison of peer review and bibliometric indicators for an important share of the Italian research production. The present investigation takes full advantage of this opportunity to test whether peer review...
Sind Regularisierungen illegaler Migranten effektive Steuerungsmaßnahmen? Diese Frage steht seit Anfang der 1990er Jahre im\\u000a Mittelpunkt der internationalen Debatte über irreguläre Migration. Wie De Bruycker, Apap und Schmitter (2000) herausgestellt\\u000a haben, hat fast jedes Land in Europa mindestens eine Regularisierung durchgeführt. Dennoch sind die Hintergründe und die Implementation\\u000a dieser Maßnahmen von Land zu Land äußerst unterschiedlich. In nordeuropäischen Ländern sind
Ellerman, A. Denny
The U.S. SO2 cap-and-trade program was established as a result of the enactment of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (1990 CAAA) under the authority granted by Title IV, which included several measures to reduce precursor ...
Schenker-Wicki, Andrea; Hurlimann, Mark
In the past decade, based on a change in paradigms in university policy, performance funding on a cantonal and central state level has been introduced in Switzerland: the universities have been granted higher autonomy, combined with global budgets and contract management by the responsible authorities (cantonal authorities). At the same time, the…
Robert C. Hockett
Irony abounds in connection with demands and proposals made, in the wake of the Enron, Worldcom, and other corporate scandals, that firms be required or encouraged to waive attorney-client privilege. Justice Department officials speak to the importance of \\
Maria Sandsmark; Berit Tennbakk
The paper presents a proposed market monitoring procedure that takes into account the special features of an electricity market dominated by hydropower. Specifically, we present a method to assess water values and a set of indicators that can be used to screen the market for suspicious price formation. We then use the suggested monitoring procedure to evaluate actual price formation
Jacob, Johanna; Lundin, Douglas
One of the main features of health insurance is moral hazard, as defined by Pauly [Pauly, M.V., 1968. The economics of moral hazard: comment. American Economic Review 58, 531-537), people face incentives for excess utilization of medical care since they do not pay the full marginal cost for provision. To mitigate the moral hazard problem, a coinsurance can be included in the insurance contract. But health insurance is often publicly provided. Having a uniform coinsurance rate determined in a political process is quite different from having different rates varying in accordance with one's preferences, as is possible with private insurance. We construct a political economy model in order to characterize the political equilibrium and answer questions like: "Under what conditions is there a conflict in society on what coinsurance rate should be set?" and "Which groups of individuals will vote for a higher and lower than equilibrium coinsurance rate, respectively?". We also extend our basic model and allow people to supplement the coverage provided by the government with private insurance. Then, we answer two questions: "Who will buy the additional coverage?" and "How do the coinsurance rates people are now faced with compare with the rates chosen with pure private provision?". PMID:15721052
Jurisich, John M.
The purpose of this quantitative ex post facto research study was to explore the relationship between green initiative expense disclosures and stock prices of 46 NASDAQ listed Clean Edge Green Energy global companies from 2007 to 2010. The independent variables were sales and marketing, environmental, customer and supplier, community, and corporate governance practices that were correlated with the dependent variable in the study of stock prices. Expense disclosures were examined in an effort to measure the impact of green initiative programs and to expose the interrelationships between green initiative expense disclosures and fluctuations of stock prices. The data for the research was secondary data from existing annual reports. A statistically significant relationship was revealed between environmental practices and changes in stock prices. The study results also provided substantial evidence for leadership and managerial decision making to reduce or increase green initiative practices to maximize shareholder wealth of their respective organizations.
Garcia-Fernandez, Jose Manuel; Ingles, Candido J.; Juan, Maria Vicent; Gonzalvez-Macia, Carolina; Manas-Viejo, Carmen
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to describe and characterize the international scientific output relating to "attitudes towards disability in education", using a battery of bibliometric indicators that make it possible to analyze and monitor international scientific activity. Method: This "ex post facto"…
Balazs, Eva K.
This study is an ex post facto analysis of the life histories of 24 Olympic female champions which attempts to determine events and variables in the psychological and social driving forces behind outstanding achievement in sports. The data was gathered by (a) personal interviews, (b) the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS), and (c) a data…
Valdez, Angela L.
The number of English language learners (ELLs) within the school system in one Western U.S. state continues to rise; writing scores of ELLs lag well behind those of their English speaking peers. The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative causal comparative study was to examine the writing achievement of fourth grade ELLs instructed within a…
Moore, Deborah Green
Despite the number of programs in Mississippi that focus on developing and training teachers, the State continues to face a critical teacher shortage. This non-experimental, ex-post facto, quantitative study investigated the America Reads-Mississippi (ARM) Future Teacher Corps (FTC) program, an AmeriCorps program in Mississippi with a mission to…
de Bruijn, Erik
This report discusses an ex post facto study that was done to examine the effect that the implementation of automated systems has had on libraries and support staff, labor costs, and productivity in the cataloging divisions of the library of the University of British Columbia. A comparison was made between two years: 1973, a pre-automated period…
Adams, Gilbert L.
This ex post facto comparison study of a postsecondary apprenticeship program at a naval ship construction company examined 8 years of academic performance and program completion data for two curricular formats: a 15-week traditional group (1,259 apprentices) and a 10-week accelerated group (736 apprentices). The two groups were investigated to…
Wolfle, James D.
This ex post facto study examined the fall-to-fall persistence and academic success of students in a medium-sized Virginia community college. The variables of age and ethnicity in combination with whether a student's first mathematics course was developmental were used to examine the effects of each. It was found that neither the interaction of…
Hitler behaved within the parameters of an artist and a narcissist as mediated by charisma and charismatic leadership. An ex post facto assessment of Hitler's personality type using the principles of Jungian typology reveals that even his most preferred psychological functions were not securely developed and this led him to overlook reality and become insensitive to the suffering of the
Longbotham, Pamela J.
The study examined the impact of participation in an optional flexible year program (OFYP) on academic achievement. The ex post facto study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods design. The non-probability sample consisted of 163 fifth grade students in an OFYP district and 137 5th graders in a 180-day instructional year school…
This quantitative study implemented a non-experimental design that was descriptive, ex-post facto, and longitudinal. This study is examining economically disadvantaged students (EDS) with comparison to non-economically disadvantaged students (non-EDS) and their academic performance on Georgia's Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT).…
Conducted an ex post facto study to test for differences in the quality of university student writing as reflected in years 1 and 2 and again in years 3 and 4. Findings from 30 undergraduate portfolios show no significant differences between early and late samples and no significant relationship between grade point average and writing quality.…
Midgley, Jeri S.
The purpose of this ex-post facto quantitative study was to evaluate the benefits of professional technical postsecondary education in Idaho. Human capital theory formed the basis of understanding the importance of acquiring education beyond high school, both for the individual and society. Interactions between entry earnings and cost of attending…
Luna, Gaye; Fowler, Michael
This ex post facto study evaluated Achieving a College Education (ACE) Plus program, a credit-based transition program between a high school district and a community college. Achieving a College Education Plus is an early outreach program. It is designed to aid at-risk students in graduating from high school and making a smooth transition to…
Filerino, William J.
This ex post facto study examined the relationship between Pell Grant aid and persistence of for-profit four-year college students enrolled during 2003-04 through the next six years in the United States and Puerto Rico. This study examined the demographic dissimilarities in students based on age, gender, financial aid status and ethnicity of those…
Gil-Flores, Javier; Torres-Gordillo, Juan-Jesus; Perera-Rodriguez, Victor-Hugo
This study explores the relationship between students' extracurricular experiences online and their performance on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), focusing specifically on students' competence in digital reading. The study uses a descriptive, correlational, ex post facto design. The data are taken from Spanish students'…
Chiu, Chung-Yi; Fitzgerald, Sandra D.; Strand, David M.; Muller, Veronica; Brooks, Jessica; Chan, Fong
The main objective of this study was to determine whether motivational and volitional variables identified in the health action process approach (HAPA) model can be used to successfully differentiate people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in different stages of change for exercise and physical activity. Ex-post-facto design using multiple…
The purpose of this ex post facto investigation was to determine the characteristics of and need for developmental education in the college applicant pool in 2006. Demographic data and COMPASS placement test results were gathered for the 1,079 applicants in 2006 who had complete records. These data were considered in the aggregate and in subsets…
Yenrick, Robert Wesley
S. Zellman (personal communication, September 16, 2003), Ohio's superintendent of public instruction, stated, "Students in Ohio's urban high schools demonstrate serious shortcomings in their academic performance." Hence, this ex post facto study, which used pre-existing data, sought to investigate if a statistical difference between the Ohio High…
Koester, Edward L.
The high school principalship has been designated an area of professional shortage by many states. Resignations and terminations have been numerous as a result of poor student test performance. The purpose of this ex post facto correlation study was to investigate the self-perceptions of accountability by high school principals as they related to…
Patrick, Ajaja O.
The major purpose of this study was to determine if gender influences grade points earned by university students who majored in biology, chemistry, and physics. The design of the study was ex-post facto, considering the academic records of science students admitted from 2003 to 2007. The total number of subjects used for the study was 637 biology,…
Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan
This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…
Naron, Rosarica G.; Widlak, Frederic
This report addresses the unstable and unsatisfactory performance of Chicago, Illinois' Olive-Harvey College's (OHC) associate degree nursing (ADN) graduates on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). An ex post facto correlation study was designed to determine the worthiness of pre-nursing admission course…
There are limited studies in the literature on the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students in the United States. This ex post facto mixed method study investigated the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students at Cardinal Stitch University (CSU), a medium size, private university located in the Midwestern…
Jang, Yuh; Wang, Yun-Tung; Lin, Meng-Hsiu; Shih, Kevin J.
Introduction: We investigated the employment status and identified factors that may affect the employment outcomes of people with visual impairments in Taiwan. Methods: A retrospective, ex post facto design study was conducted. The sample included 313 visually impaired clients who commenced and "closed" (completed) disability employment…
Moyer, John Thayer
This revised 1997 ex post facto study attempted to identify a lifelong adaptability curriculum from a cultural literacy perspective. It investigated students' lifelong adaptability ratings of 15 general school subjects as predicted by family structure, parental age, parental educational level, student cultural literacy, and student gender;…
Adeyemi, Abisola Moradeyo; Adeyemi, Semiu Babatunde
Educational stakeholders have continued to express concerns over the poor academic performance of Nigerian students at virtually all levels of academic engagements. This paper investigated personal factors as predictors of students' academic performance in the South-Western Nigeria. The study employed the ex post facto design using a survey…
Townsend, Cathy J.
This quantitative, causal-comparative study utilized ex post facto data to examine the impact of education support advisors (ESAs) on the discipline, attendance, and achievement of at-risk students in Grades 3-12. Fourteen education support advisors working in 16 elementary and 8 secondary schools of this mid-Atlantic school district consistently…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate factors that affect student satisfaction in college environment in Armenian Higher Educational Institutions (AHEIs). Design/methodology/approach: This study used an "ex-post facto," non-experimental approach to investigate factors that affected student satisfaction in college…
Bush, Dana I.
There are 26 single-purpose nursing programs in the United States. They are nursing programs operated by hospitals with the single purpose of supplying the hospitals with well-prepared health care staff. Using a quantitative methodology and an ex post facto design, this study compared employment retention rates between single-purpose and…
Allen, Patricia Gale
An ex post facto study was conducted to determine whether any relationship exists between remediation post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) failure and NCLEX-RN success of graduates of baccalaureate nursing programs. Data was gathered from responses to the seventh annual validity study (V7S) offered to deans and directors of nursing programs by…
Obiekezie, Eucharia Obiageli; Essien, Margaret; Essien, Alexander Timothy
Globalization imposes certain inescapable requirements on a university's curriculum. One such requirement is the elasticity of the curriculum to sustain local demands and accommodate global concerns. Using the ex post facto design, this paper examines the impact of global collaboration on the curriculum characteristics of selected universities in…
Chan, Jacob Yui-Chung; Keegan, John P.; Ditchman, Nicole; Gonzalez, Rene; Zheng, Lisa Xi; Chan, Fong
Objective: To determine whether employment outcomes of people with disabilities can be predicted by the social-cognitive/attribution theory of stigmatization. Design: Ex post facto design using data mining technique and logistic regression analysis. Participants: Data from 40,585 vocational rehabilitation (VR) consumers were extracted from the…
Pingry O'Neill, Laura N.; Markward, Martha J.; French, Joshua P.
This exploratory study determined which set of student characteristics and disability-related services explained graduation success among college students with disabilities. The archived records of 1,289 unidentified students with disabilities in three public universities were examined ex-post-facto to collect demographic data on the students, the…
Burton, Kelly Latham
Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…
Royal, Louise I.
An increasing number of elementary students in a rural school were promoted to a higher grade without having grade-level reading fluency skills, thereby becoming at risk of not reaching or maintaining their academic grade level reading skills. The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative study involving archival data analysis was to investigate…
Smith, Jeananne Oldham
Despite the growth of home Internet use over the past decade, disparities still exist among certain socioeconomic groups of the population. Rural, lower socioeconomic and African Americans fall further behind in technology access than any other group. The purpose of this ex post facto qualitative study was to investigate parental perceptions…
Turk, Kimberly Tisdale
Articulation agreements were created to make transferring from a state-supported community college to a state-supported university a smoother process while reducing the higher education costs for the state. This ex-post facto study examined the relationship between the pathway North Carolina community college students used to complete the general…
Simmons, Mia A.
Preparation for today's influenced technology professional world starts with structure of primary and secondary educational learning environments. The student learning platforms should be aligned in some ways to professional working platforms. This quantitative correlational ex post facto study compared the effectiveness of learning modalities in…
Campbell, Katrina Lanelle
The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis on ex post facto data of the federal grant supported Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP) administered at Goodwill Industries of Lower South Carolina. Pre-existing data on variables such as performance goals, training activities, support services, and demographics from program years…
Morr, Shelly D.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if Professional Learning Communities in elementary schools that have strong evidence of the five dimensions of a Professional Learning Community have a higher degree of teamness than those schools that do not have strong evidence. Methodology: Using a descriptive and ex post facto study, the…
Walter, Alexander I; Helgenberger, Sebastian; Wiek, Arnim; Scholz, Roland W
Most Transdisciplinary Research (TdR) projects combine scientific research with the building of decision making capacity for the involved stakeholders. These projects usually deal with complex, societally relevant, real-world problems. This paper focuses on TdR projects, which integrate the knowledge of researchers and stakeholders in a collaborative transdisciplinary process through structured methods of mutual learning. Previous research on the evaluation of TdR has insufficiently explored the intended effects of transdisciplinary processes on the real world (societal effects). We developed an evaluation framework for assessing the societal effects of transdisciplinary processes. Outputs (measured as procedural and product-related involvement of the stakeholders), impacts (intermediate effects connecting outputs and outcomes) and outcomes (enhanced decision making capacity) are distinguished as three types of societal effects. Our model links outputs and outcomes of transdisciplinary processes via the impacts using a mediating variables approach. We applied this model in an ex post evaluation of a transdisciplinary process. 84 out of 188 agents participated in a survey. The results show significant mediation effects of the two impacts "network building" and "transformation knowledge". These results indicate an influence of a transdisciplinary process on the decision making capacity of stakeholders, especially through social network building and the generation of knowledge relevant for action. PMID:17904636
Wuyang Hu; Alison Davis; Linda Cox; Jack Schieffer
Nevada's Black Rock Desert in High Rock Canyon (BRD\\/HRC) provides a variety of recreation services to a multitude of user groups, which makes the development of a management plan for the area a challenge. Stated preference analysis is a widely accepted method for analysing resource management plans; however, resource users with heterogeneous preferences make it difficult to estimate an empirical
A. Scott Voorhees; Shunichi Araki; Ryoji Sakai; Hajime Sato
The benefits and costs of past nitrogen dioxide (NO2) control policies were calculated for Tokyo, Japan, using environmental, economic, political, demographic, and medical data from 1973 to 1994. The benefits of NO2 control were estimated as medical expenses and lost work time due to hypothetical no-control air concentrations of NO2. Direct costs were calculated as annualized capital expenditures and 1
, to an annual cap of 8.9 million tons, or about half of total electric utility SO2 emissions in the early 1980s emission rates on affected sources. In meeting these standards, utilities were allowed to average emission-eight states of the United States. During Phase I, lasting from 1995 through 1999, electric generating units
Corporate limited liability laws (CLL) [the corporate veil (tCV)] is a major obstacle for implementation of UN and other covenants’ prevention and jurisprudence ex ante and ex post facto Corporate Human Rights Violations (CHRV) and International Corporate Crime (ICrC). I.d. aggregates the inability of States and International Bodies to farther establish unified e.g., Lex Non Scripta common law with adjudicative
Goon, Dean A.
The purpose of this study was to analyze data from Ohio schools and the frequency of use of educational technology, a teacher's comfort level using technology, and a teacher's beliefs about the effect of educational technology on teaching and learning based upon the school's Blue Ribbon award status. The study used an ex-post facto,…
Lyall, Katharine C.; Sell, Kathleen R.
Privatization is a spectrum along which public institutions operate. As the share of public investment in their operations declines, institutions are increasingly required to function in the competitive marketplace and so become increasingly privatized. In this article, former University of Wisconsin System President Katharine C. Lyall and…
Hess, Diana E.
In this article, the author makes the point that social studies teachers have a "professional responsibility" to educate students, no matter what protections might or might not be provided by the law, and that "as professionals, their expertise about content, pedagogy, and their students makes it not just acceptable, but mandatory, to make…
Meerwald, Agnes May Lin
"Researcher / Researched" calls for a complementary research methodology by proposing autoethnography as both a method and text that crosses the boundaries of conventional and alternative methodologies in higher education. Autoethnography rearticulates the researcher / researched positions by blurring the boundary between them. This…
Research Misconduct (Research Integrity Coordinator report) Glossary ADR Associate Dean Research ANDS Australian National Data Sharing ITS Information Technology Services NeCTAR National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources RSDI Research Storage Data Infrastructure input Research Integrity Advisors
This quantitative ex post facto study examined how race and gender, as elements of culture, influence the development of common misconceptions among STEM students. Primary data came from a standardized test: the Digital Logic Concept Inventory (DLCI) developed by Drs. Geoffrey L. Herman, Michael C. Louis, and Craig Zilles from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The sample consisted of a cohort of 82 STEM students recruited from three universities in Northern Louisiana. Microsoft Excel and the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) were used for data computation. Two key concepts, several sub concepts, and 19 misconceptions were tested through 11 items in the DLCI. Statistical analyses based on both the Classical Test Theory (Spearman, 1904) and the Item Response Theory (Lord, 1952) yielded similar results: some misconceptions in the DLCI can reliably be predicted by the Race or the Gender of the test taker. The research is significant because it has shown that some misconceptions in a STEM discipline attracted students with similar ethnic backgrounds differently; thus, leading to the existence of some cultural bias in the standardized test. Therefore the study encourages further research in cultural validity in standardized tests. With culturally valid tests, it will be possible to increase the effectiveness of targeted teaching and learning strategies for STEM students from diverse ethnic backgrounds. To some extent, this dissertation has contributed to understanding, better, the gap between high enrollment rates and low graduation rates among African American students and also among other minority students in STEM disciplines.
Abrahams, I. David
STAG RESEARCH CENTERSTAG RESEARCH CENTERSTAG RESEARCH CENTER Postrgraduate study in mathematical physics Marika Taylor Mathematical Sciences and STAG research centre, Southampton December 19, 2014 Marika Taylor (University of Southampton) Mathematical Physics December 19, 2014 1 / 26 #12;STAG RESEARCH
There is gap in passing rates on the standardized science assessment between European American and Hispanic American students. The purpose of this study was to examine student performance in science and the closing of the achievement gap between European American and Hispanic American students based upon receipt of an inquiry or noninquiry instruction method. Guided by the theoretical framework of constructive learning, this quantitative ex post facto research design gathered data from 8 teachers who had already implemented 1 of the 2 methods of instruction. The teachers were chosen through purposive sampling based on previous observations of instructional method and were placed into 2 groups depending upon the type of instruction: inquiry or noninquiry. Descriptive statistics were used to determine mean differences and a 2-way analysis of variance was used to determine mean differences in science test scores between European American and Hispanic American students and between the instructional methods to which they had been exposed. Results found that the inquiry instructional method was related to a significant increase in mean scores for both ethnic groups, but the achievement gap between the two groups was not closed by the inquiry instruction method. This study can promote positive social change for students by informing the efforts of educational leaders and teachers to create professional development using inquiry instruction. Students may perform higher on standardized tests when they are allowed to explore science by asking questions and answering their own questions through the collection and analysis of data.
Epps, Bernethia Mechelle
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of related educational factors on the mathematics and science achievement of secondary students. The researcher compared the variables of instructional design, economic status and retention against the exit level scores on the mathematics and science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test of 11th grade students. The technique used for this investigation was a Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Three hundred thirty five students from an urban school district in a metropolitan area in southeast Texas participated in this study. Ex-post facto data obtained from the district's student information system was utilized. Based on the results, the following conclusions were drawn. (1) Instructional design does impact mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. (2) Retention during a student's ninth grade year does impact mathematics and science achievement. (3) The interaction of instructional design and retention does impact the mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. (4) Economic status as a main effect or as an interaction effect does not impact mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. For those seeking to explore this topic in greater depth, recommendations for further investigations might consider the study of teacher perceptions and attitudes toward students who attend school in the alternative setting. Additionally, future investigations might look into the level of experience and the reasons teachers choose to teach in the alternative setting.
Tsiamis, Costas; Piperaki, Evangelia Theophano; Kalantzis, George; Poulakou Rebelakou, Effie; Tompros, Nikolaos; Thalassinou, Eleni; Spilipoulou, Chara; Tsakris, Athanassios
The study examines the pathological circumstances related to Byron's death, the primary issue being malaria. Lord Byron died during the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire, in Messolonghi on 19 April 1824. Byron's medical profile consists of recurrent onsets of fever, which gave rise to the issue of malaria relapses. According to Byron's letters he reported crises of fever in Greece (1810), Malta (1811), Italy (1817-1819) and England. Evidence from Byron's autopsy, specifically the absence of hepatosplenomegaly, does not support a hypothetical diagnosis of malaria. Nonetheless, the relapsing fevers cannot be ignored and the same applies to the possibility of malaria relapse or re-infection in line with the endemic nature of the Messolonghi area. Our research on the chronologies of Byron's reported fevers found that new attacks occurred at intervals of 540 days on average. Moreover, the most outstanding feature of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale is their ability to form dormant forms of hypnozoites in the liver which, when reactivated (110-777 days), cause true relapses of clinical disease. Of course, an ex post facto diagnosis is under debate, because the diagnosis is not clinical but microscopic. Byron's example raises alarm over a current medical problem, i.e. the diagnosis of unexplained fevers, and the need for a detailed travel or immigration history, which will include malaria in the differential diagnosis. PMID:26397304
Wetmore, Michael J.
The purpose of this applied dissertation was to investigate the relationship between risk factors and aeronautical decision making in the flight training environment using a quantitative, non-experimental, ex post facto research design. All 75 of the flight training accidents that involved a fatality from the years 2001-2003 were selected for study from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) aviation accident database. Objective evidence from the Factual Reports was used to construct accident chains and to code and quantify total risk factors and total poor aeronautical decisions. The data were processed using correlational statistical tests at the 1% significance level. There was a statistically significant relationship between total risk factors per flight and poor decisions per flight. Liveware risks were the most prevalent risk factor category. More poor decisions were made during preflight than any other phase of flight. Pilots who made multiple poor decisions per flight had significantly higher risk factors per flight. A risk factor threat to decision making chart is presented for use by flight instructors and/or flight training organizations. The main threat to validity of this study was the NTSB accident investigation team investigative equality assumption.
D'Ovidio, Cristian; Pompilio, Arianna; Crocetta, Valentina; Gherardi, Giovanni; Carnevale, Aldo; Di Bonaventura, Giovanni
The utility of postmortem microbiology has continuously been a topic of controversy. The present study describes a case of fatal sepsis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. Postmortem culture and genotyping analyses allowed us to identify Klebsiella pneumoniae as the cause of sepsis, revealing the inadequateness of antimicrobial therapy. PMID:25676900
Cejka, Pavel; Culík, Ji?í; Horák, Tomáš; Jurková, Marie; Olšovská, Jana
The rate of beer aging is affected by storage conditions including largely time and temperature. Although bottled beer is commonly stored for up to 1 year, sensorial damage of it is quite frequent. Therefore, a method for retrospective determination of temperature of stored beer was developed. The method is based on the determination of selected carbonyl compounds called as "aging indicators", which are formed during beer aging. The aging indicators were determined using GC-MS after precolumn derivatization with O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentaflourobenzyl)hydroxylamine hydrochloride, and their profile was correlated with the development of old flavor evolving under defined conditions (temperature, time) using both a mathematical and statistical apparatus. Three approaches, including calculation from regression graph, multiple linear regression, and neural networks, were employed. The ultimate uncertainty of the method ranged from 3.0 to 11.0 °C depending on the approach used. Furthermore, the assay was extended to include prediction of beer tendency to sensory aging from freshly bottled beer. PMID:24308508
Nyambo, Brigitte; Ligate, Elly
Purpose: To identify and review production and marketing information sources and flows for smallholder cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) growers in Tanzania and recommend systems improvements for better technology uptake. Design/methodology/approach: Two-stage purposive samples were drawn. First, two districts in the main cashew producing areas,…
A research to examine the impact of the US Advanced Technology Program (ATM)-sponsored consortia on the ex-post research productivity of the firms participating in this research is presented. The findings reveal that there exists a positive association between the level of participation in research and the overall research productivity of the…
) OKANE Toshimitsu Technology on Micro/ Nano Fabrication Associate Professor Doctor of Engineering and railway cars. E29 E79 Technologies on micro/nano fabrication in the field of cutting-edge area. E22 E72 and fabricating process for these systems. 2 / 9 #12; Master's Program Doctoral Program Research Area Research
Schosser, R; Weiss, C; Messmer, K
This report focuses on the planning and realization of an interdisciplinary local area network (LAN) for medical research at the University of Heidelberg. After a detailed requirements analysis, several networks were evaluated by means of a test installation, and a cost-performance analysis was carried out. At present, the LAN connects 45 (IBM-compatible) PCs, several heterogeneous mainframes (IBM, DEC and Siemens) and provides access to the public X.25 network and to wide-area networks for research (EARN, BITNET). The network supports application software that is frequently needed in medical research (word processing, statistics, graphics, literature databases and services, etc.). Compliance with existing "official" (e.g., IEEE 802.3) and "de facto" standards (e.g., PostScript) was considered to be extremely important for the selection of both hardware and software. Customized programs were developed to improve access control, user interface and on-line help. Wide acceptance of the LAN was achieved through extensive education and maintenance facilities, e.g., teaching courses, customized manuals and a hotline service. Since requirements of clinical routine differ substantially from medical research needs, two separate networks (with a gateway in between) are proposed as a solution to optimally satisfy the users' demands. PMID:2005834
The Research Spotlight is a service of IBM's Computer Science Division, offering an insider's perspective into some of the most cutting-edge work being conducted in the company's laboratories. Each month, a particular field of study is recognized in the Spotlight. Past focuses have included e-Commerce, artificial intelligence, multimedia, and many more. Upon exploring the Research Spotlight, users will find in-depth discussions of several relevant projects, links to additional information, and occasionally a few technical reports. Most months have multiple areas of research featured.
Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, T. F.
For many years, federal agencies have enthusiastically supported Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs to engage students in research experiences to encourage them to continue to pursue astronomy career paths. Despite widespread tacit agreement that such experiences are critically important to filling the STEM career pipeline, there has been insufficient evaluation published to substantiate these impacts, with what little is described focusing on building students’ confidence and enculturation into the scientific enterprise. Upon closer inspection the data that exists, it appears that REU's may have little impact on participants’ career decisions, with the small number of those who do alter their intentions in favor of attending being balanced out by those who decide not to attend. This scenario begs the question of do REU programs create students who will go on to STEM careers or, alternatively, do REU programs simply attract students who are already pre-destined for STEM careers? This study chose to approach the problem using a mixed method, ex post facto design. Using six years of data, pre- and post- interview transcripts were compared to career decisions to develop a framework through which to further interview participants with regard to which career pathway decisions they are making. An interview process was then used to develop a new model that explained both these participants’ choices and findings in previous research. Data suggests that the nature and perceived quality of an REU experience is largely irrelevant to STEM career pursuit. For participants who were already committed to graduate studies, the REU was a means to enhance their candidacy for admissions. Those least likely to attend graduate school were those who were not committed prior to the REU. For these participants the REU served as a means to enhance their resumes for post-graduation employment.
& Research Scientists/Associates CHAIR: MIKE ENDL Fritz Benedict (1/2) Anita Cochran Bill Cochran Sally/2) Graduate Students Erik Brugamyer Kevin Gullikson JJ Hermes (1/2) Marshall Johnson Andy Riddle Paul
de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique
system for virtual panoramas, including: hardware, software and applications. · Partnership N (Paris) Installation, (Ricardo Basbaum) Candelaria, (Bruno Viana) · Future Research Video Panoramas of scenes. · Collaborators Unicamp IME / USP #12;3 First Prototype / Software 3D Video SIGGRAPH 2004
Stackhouse, Omega N.
The problem addressed in this study was that little was known about the impact on student academic achievement, when grouped by learning style, in a multiple intelligence based science curriculum. The larger problem was that many students were frequently unengaged and, consequently, low achieving in their science courses. This quantitative study used an ex post facto research design to better understand the impact of student learning style on the academic success of students in a Multiple Intelligence Theory based course room. Gardner's work on Multiple Intelligence served as the conceptual framework for this study. The research question for this study asked if academic instruction that employs multiple intelligence theories has a relationship with students' academic achievement differently according to their learning style group (auditory, visual, and kinesthetic). Existing data from 85 students were placed into 1 of 3 groups: (a) Auditory, (b) Visual, or (c) Kinesthetic Learning Style) using existing data from a student inventory instrument. The independent variable was existing data from student inventories of learning style and the dependent variable was existing student scores from the Physical Science End of Course Test. Existing data were taken from students that were all taught with the same strategies in similar classroom environments. The Physical Science End of Course Test was developed with stringent measures to protect validity by the developer, McGraw-Hill. Cronbach's Alpha was conducted to determine the internal reliability coefficient of the student inventory. The impact for social change is that adding to the body of knowledge regarding student learning style and science curriculum provides valuable information for teachers, administrators, and school policy makers. This will allow teachers to better prepare to engage their students' and to prepare them for their place in society.
and machine learning; vision technology such as 3D vision, video analysis, and object recognition Summary of Research Instruction Ph.D. () Computer Vision Professor Ph.D. (New York Univ.) ISHIKAWA Hiroshi Information Systems Professor Doctor of Engineering (Univ. of Tokyo) GOTO Shigeki Ph
Background Little is known about how health research systems (HRS) in low-income countries emerge and evolve over time, and how this process relates to their performance. Understanding how HRSs emerge is important for the development of well functioning National Health Research Systems (NHRS). The aim of this study was to assess how the HRS in Guinea Bissau has emerged and evolved over time and how the present system functions. Methods We used a qualitative case-study methodology to explore the emergence and current performance of the HRS, using the NHRS framework. We reviewed documents and carried out 39 in-depth interviews, ranging from health research to policy and practice stakeholders. Using an iterative approach, we undertook a thematic analysis of the data. Results The research practices in Guinea Bissau led to the emergence of a HRS with both local and international links and strong dependencies on international partners and donors. The post-colonial, volatile and resource-dependent context, changes in donor policies, training of local researchers and nature of the research findings influenced how the HRS evolved. Research priorities have mostly been set by 'expatriate' researchers and focused on understanding and reducing child mortality. Research funding is almost exclusively provided by foreign donors and international agencies. The training of Guinean researchers started in the mid-nineties and has since reinforced the links with the health system, broadened the research agenda and enhanced local use of research. While some studies have made an important contribution to global health, the use of research within Guinea Bissau has been constrained by the weak and donor dependent health system, volatile government, top-down policies of international agencies, and the controversial nature of some of the research findings. Conclusions In Guinea Bissau a de facto 'system' of research has emerged through research practices and co-evolving national and international research and development dynamics. If the aim of research is to contribute to local decision making, it is essential to modulate the emerged system by setting national research priorities, aligning funding, building national research capacity and linking research to decision making processes. Donors and international agencies can contribute to this process by coordinating their efforts and aligning to national priorities. PMID:22321566
.2.5 The Distinction Between Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Couples 4.2.6 Freedom of Choice and Access to Marriage 4.6.1 Taxation 4.6.2 Social Welfare 220.127.116.11 Same-Sex Cohabitants 18.104.22.168 Further Difficulties with the Definition.3 Employment 2.3.1 Introduction 2.3.2 Equal Treatment on the Grounds of Sex 2.3.3 Equal Treatment on Grounds
Campbell, Kevin L.
) at very low pH (human Hb). Compared with mammals where the major organic phosphate modulating red. Examples are cold-tolerant ungulates (Coletta et al., 1992; De Rosa et al., 2004), where normal temperature sensitivities (increased HbO2 affinity at low temperature) would compromise O2 unloading in peripheral tissues
Spanbauer, Julie M.
There has been a gradual increase at U.S. universities and colleges in the appointment of women to full time faculty positions with women currently comprising approximately 40% of full time faculty. When status, job security, and institutional affiliation are taken into account, the percentage drops significantly: Women occupy only 24% of tenured…
...leasing application must include payment of the required application...foreign ownership), and include payment of the requisite application...used to provide interconnected mobile voice and/or data services...lessee to provide interconnected mobile voice and/or data...
Hill, Roscoe, Ed.; Feeley, Malcolm, Ed.
This book contains abbreviated accounts of eight community case studies and various reviews of a cluster of recent studies relating to race and education. The foreword discusses three phases of school integration, and the introductory chapter relates law, violence, and civil rights. The eight case studies on Evanston, Berkeley, New Haven,…
Heppner, Frank; And Others
Without a formal mechanism to produce consensus, American colleges generally have come to agree on what constitutes an appropriate set of course requirements for Biology and Zoology majors. This report describes a survey of American four-year colleges and universities offering biology and/or zoology degrees. Questionnaires were sent to 741 biology…
Broom, M. J.; Davies, J.; Hutchings, B.; Halcrow, W.
A number of distinct community assemblages inhabiting the intertidal and marginally sublittoral areas of the north shore of the outer Severn estuary, United Kingdom, were identified by classification analysis. The abiotic characteristics of the site groups were quantified. Two unusual faunal groups characterized by the presence of the polychaetes Nephtys hombergi and Tharyx marioni, (for one group), and by Nephtys hombergi and the oligochaete Tubificoides amplivasatus (for the second group) were identified. Common to both groups but not found in other groups was the oligochaete Tubificoide brownae. The assemblages occurred in areas where there were unusually fine sediments with only a very thin oxygenated layer, which may have been produced as a result of the substantial discharges of sewage in the vicinity. It is proposed that the information pertaining to abiotic characteristics and associated community composition of each of the major site groups be used as 'baseline' information in studies to determine the impacts of polluting discharges in areas of the Severn estuary where there is considerable spatial variation in abiotic factors.
Little, Angela W.; Evans, Jane
Based mainly on a study of newspaper adverts for qualifications and tuition courses in Sri Lanka over a period from 1965 to 2000, this paper describes a decentralisation of control over the supply of qualifications. It is argued that this has occurred not through a deliberate policy mechanism to decentralise qualifications, but rather by default,…
Ibrahim, B.; Kanneganti, N; Rieckhof, G; Das, A; Laurents, D; Palenchar, J; Bellofatto, V; Wah, D
In trypanosomes, the production of mRNA relies on the synthesis of the spliced leader (SL) RNA. Expression of the SL RNA is initiated at the only known RNA polymerase II promoter in these parasites. In the pathogenic trypanosome, Trypanosoma brucei, transcription factor IIB (tTFIIB) is essential for SL RNA gene transcription and cell viability, but has a highly divergent primary sequence in comparison to TFIIB in well-studied eukaryotes. Here we describe the 2.3 A resolution structure of the C-terminal domain of tTFIIB (tTFIIBC). The tTFIIBC structure consists of 2 closely packed helical modules followed by a C-terminal extension of 32 aa. Using the structure as a guide, alanine substitutions of basic residues in regions analogous to functionally important regions of the well-studied eukaryotic TFIIB support conservation of a general mechanism of TFIIB function in eukaryotes. Strikingly, tTFIIBC contains additional loops and helices, and, in contrast to the highly basic DNA binding surface of human TFIIB, contains a neutral surface in the corresponding region. These attributes probably mediate trypanosome-specific interactions and have implications for the apparent bidirectional transcription by RNA polymerase II in protein-encoding gene expression in these organisms.
Amato, Josephine; Backman, Carl B.
Social class discrimination in the schooling process is less a product of teachers' attitudes than of the systems by which schools group students. Although class bias has been demonstrated in grading practices and other key decision points, numerous studies have shown that teachers are less to blame for inequitable learning situations than…
...entity/entrepreneur rules. Unjust enrichment provisions (see § 1.2111) and...or requirements relating to unjust enrichment pursuant to the Commission's small...arrangement and that it pays any unjust enrichment that would have been owed had the...
...and continues to be subject to unjust enrichment requirements (see § 1.2111 and...section, subject to any applicable unjust enrichment payment obligations and/or transfer... (iii) The amount of any unjust enrichment payment will be determined by the...
...entity/entrepreneur rules. Unjust enrichment provisions (see § 1.2111) and...or requirements relating to unjust enrichment pursuant to the Commission's small...arrangement and that it pays any unjust enrichment that would have been owed had the...
...is wholly foreign-owned or located in a market economy country...separate-rate analysis is not necessary...into its analysis when assessing...whether a foreign producer...in a non- market economy is...determined that an analysis of de...
Ramos, Francisco; Krashen, Stephen
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has repeatedly mentioned that immigrants to the United States should do what he did to acquire English: Avoid using their first languages and speak, listen to, and read a vast amount of materials in English--a combination he referred to as "immersion." Yet, Schwarzenegger's real path to successful…
A Highly Efficient Route for Selective Phenol Hydrogenation to Cyclohexanone A Novel Mechanism Employed by KSHV to Maintain the Latent Infection was Revealed Breakthrough in the Synthesis of Interconnected NW/NT and NT/NW/NT Heterojunctions with Branched Topology GABA Transporter-1 Activity Modulates Hippocampal Theta Oscillation and Theta Burst Stimulation-Induced Long-Term Potentiation Meta-analysis of Vitamin D, Calcium and the Prevention of Breast Cancer New Findings on the Origin of TrpRS PKCd Regulates Cortical Radial Migration by Stabilizing the Cdk5 Activator P35 PKU Research Team Publishes Papers on Inhalation Exposure to Pollutant and Cancer Risk Progress of the Research on Arbitrarily Elliptical Invisibility Cloaks An Advance in Complete Oxidation of Formaldehyde at Low Temperatures
Research Briefs provide monthly summaries of some of the scientific publications being generated by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) researchers and by other researchers who have successfully used TCGA data in their work.
Knutson, Debra S; And Others
This paper considers students' attitudes toward research and writing about research and discusses methods used to help students overcome their largely negative attitudes toward research. The paper first states that at Illinois State University in Normal, the course that follows freshman composition is one on academic discourse. The paper reports…
Mease, Kenneth D.
SUMMER RESEARCH PROGRAM RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM 14 20 Friday | August 15 | At the Student Center #12;About the Graduate Division Summer Research Programs The Graduate Division Summer Research Programs include the Summer Undergraduate Research Program (SURF), UC LEADS (UC Leadership Excellence through
The report reviews aquatic research programs conducted or managed by the Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, Florida, for the office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1978 and 1979. The research program examines the impact of pestici...
Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.
The five parts of this report are: research on instruction; faculty dissertations; inter-institutional research; in-college research; and college-endorsed research. The first covers experiments in teaching French, practical nursing, English, math, and chemistry, and in giving examinations. Faculty dissertations include studies of post-graduate…
Australian Council for Educational Research, Melbourne.
This report presents highlights of the research activities of the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). The ACER is a national independent research body that specializes in collecting and interpreting information to shape strategic decision making. In addition to being a national center for educational policy research and advice,…
Norris, Alison; Jackson, Ashley; Khoshnood, Kaveh
Background Observational studies have generally been viewed as incurring minimal risk to participants, resulting in fewer ethical obligations for investigators than intervention studies. In 2004, the lead author (AN) carried out an observational study measuring sexual behavior and the prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), among Tanzanian agricultural plantation residents (results reported elsewhere). This article uses an ethical lens to consider the consequences of the observational study and explore what, if any, effects it had on participants and their community. Methods Using a case study approach, we critically examine three core principles of research ethics—respect for persons/autonomy; beneficence/nonmaleficence; and distributive justice—as manifested in the 2004 observational study. We base our findings on three sources: discussions with plantation residents following presentations of observational research findings; in-depth interviews with key informants; and researcher observations. Results The observational research team was found to have ensured confidentiality and noncoercive recruitment. Ironically, maintenance of confidentiality and voluntary participation led some participants to doubt study results. Receiving HIV test results was important for participants and contributed to changing community norms about HIV testing. Conclusions Observational studies may act like de facto intervention studies and thus incur obligations similar to those of intervention studies. We found that ensuring respect for persons may have compromised the principles of beneficence and distributive justice. While in theory these three ethical principles have equal moral force, in practice, researchers may have to prioritize one over the others. Careful community engagement is necessary to promote well-considered ethical decisions. PMID:24069546
Hansen, John T.; Sladek, John R.
This article reviews some of the significant contributions of fetal research and fetal tissue research over the past 20 years. The benefits of fetal research include the development of vaccines, advances in prenatal diagnosis, detection of malformations, assessment of safe and effective medications, and the development of in utero surgical therapies. Fetal tissue research benefits vaccine development, assessment of risk factors and toxicity levels in drug production, development of cell lines, and provides a source of fetal cells for ongoing transplantation trials. Together, fetal research and fetal tissue research offer tremendous potential for the treatment of the fetus, neonate, and adult.
Accelerating Innovation in Cancer Research Through Epidemiology DCEG Hosts Workshop on Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Research Published From Radiation Conference Scientific Highlights Major Editorials, Commentaries, and Reviews Published by DCEG Scientists Print
Dyer, James E., Ed.; And Others
Includes "Putting Research Findings into Practice to Improve Testing" (Dyer); "Using Research Findings" (Knight); "Show Me the Money" (Osborne); "Program of Activities" (Torres, Dormody); "May Cannibals Ask Questions?" (Edwards); "Experiential Learning" (Andreasen); and "Research into Practice: A Complex, Unpredictable Process" (Budke). (SK)
Lawless, Ann; Sedorkin, Barbara
This article presents a short story of the authors, who show how they have "entered research", that is, entered the earliest conception of research and the early formation of research collaboration. As the authors worked together, they realised they had common concerns and life experiences. Each proudly identifies as working class Australian, each…
McClure, Patricia Harlan
Two Institute papers were concerned with genealogical research. "Manuscripts, Private Papers and Genealogical Research," deals with the handling and evaluation of unpublished and private papers in genealogical research. "The Genealogical Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints," discusses the Mormon Church's microfilming of…
Tisher, R. P., Ed.
The eleven papers presented at the 1970 meeting of the Australian Science Education Research Association are arranged in five sections. The first two sections, "Countenance of Science Education Research" and "Cognitive Style," contain one paper each; the first, a review of research trends and the second, an experimental report. "Sequencing and…
Chubin, Daryl E.
Discusses the issue of academic fraud in the form of science research malpractice. Topic areas considered include: malpractice studies; causes of misconduct; normal and deviant research behavior; and distinguished research characteristics in production, reporting, dissemination, and evaluation. Consequences of malpractice and…
This document contains three papers presented at a symposium on partnership research moderated by Richard Torraco at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD). "Partnership Research in HRD: Pulling Rabbits from Hats" (Ronald L. Jacobs) demonstrates that human resource development (HRD) researchers should adopt the…
King, Angela G.
Research advances, a new feature in Journal of Chemical Engineering that brings information about innovations in current areas of research to high school and college science faculty with an intent to provide educators with timely descriptions of latest progress in research that can be integrated into existing courses to update course content and…
Jahyun Goo; Rajiv Kishore; Kichan Nam; H. Raghav Rao; Yongil Song
Past studies in the IT outsourcing area have examined the management of IT outsourcing relationships from a variety of perspectives. The present paper extends this line of research. In this study, we take a multi-theoretic perspective to explore factors that determine the duration of continuing IT outsourcing relationships between vendor and client firms. Five ex-ante and two ex- post factors
Tonneson, L.C.; Fox, G.J.
There are currently 284 research reactors in operation, and 12 under construction around the world. Of the operating reactors, nearly two-thirds are used exclusively for research, and the rest for a variety of purposes, including training, testing, and critical assembly. For more than 50 years, research reactor programs have contributed greatly to the scientific and educational communities. Today, six of the world`s research reactors are being shut down, three of which are in the USA. With government budget constraints and the growing proliferation concerns surrounding the use of highly enriched uranium in some of these reactors, the future of nuclear research could be impacted.
Harnett, John D; Neuman, Richard
This chapter describes the history of the development of modern research ethics. The governance of research ethics is discussed and varies according to geographical location. However, the guidelines used for research ethics review are very similar across a wide variety of jurisdictions. The paramount importance of protecting the privacy and confidentiality of research participants is discussed at length. Particular emphasis is placed on the process of informed consent, and step-by-step practical guidelines are described. The issue of research in vulnerable populations is touched upon and guidelines are provided. Practical advice is provided for researchers to guide their interactions with research ethics boards. Issues related to scientific misconduct and research fraud are not dealt with in this paper. PMID:25694302
The Applied Research Program (ARP) supports research grants that examine how and why cancer care and control activities in the United States influence patterns of care and trends in cancer incidence, morbidity, mortality, and survival.
When works of teacher scholars were recognized with major National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) research awards, and the sections and conferences instituted research initiatives of their own, many were filled with the soaring hope that a new synergy was in the making. The "Research in the Teaching of English" (RTE) Alan C. Purves Award,…
Murray, Angela; Bagby, Janet; Sulak, Tracey
Currently, the Montessori community is increasing its focus on the importance of research. The purpose of this article is to provide some background for critical readers of research related to Montessori education and to provide the tools to implement these findings in one's own Montessori work. Research articles are generally organized in a way…
Kim, Scott Y. H.; Karlawish, Jason; Kim, H. Myra; Wall, Ian F.; Bozoki, Andrea; Appelbaum, Paul S.
Context Research involving persons with impaired decision-making capacity, such as persons with Alzheimer’s disease, remains ethically challenging, especially when the research involves significant risk. If subjects incapable of consenting to research studies were still able to appoint a research proxy, it would allow for an appointed surrogate, rather than a de facto surrogate, to represent the subject. Objective To assess the extent to which persons with Alzheimer’s disease retain their capacity to appoint a research proxy. Design, Setting, and Participants 188 persons with Alzheimer’s disease were interviewed for their capacity to appoint a proxy (CAP) for research and to provide consent to two hypothetical research scenarios, a lower risk randomized clinical trial testing a new drug (drug RCT) and a higher risk randomized clinical trial testing neurosurgical cell implants using a sham control condition (neurosurgical RCT). Categorical capacity status for each subject was determined by independent videotape reviews of capacity interviews by five experienced psychiatrists. Main Outcome Measures Categorical capacity determinations for the capacity to appoint a research proxy, capacity to consent to a drug RCT, and capacity to consent to a neurosurgical RCT. Results 37.7% (40/106) of those deemed incapable of consenting to the drug RCT and 54.4% (86/157) of those deemed incapable of consenting to the neurosurgical RCT were still found capable of appointing a research proxy. Very few subjects (7/186, 3.8%) were deemed capable of consenting to the neurosurgical RCT by all five psychiatrists. Conclusion A substantial proportion of AD subjects thought incapable of consenting to lower or to higher risk studies have preserved capacity for appointing a research proxy. Since so few subjects are found to be unequivocally capable of providing independent consent to higher risk AD research, providing for an appointed surrogate even after the onset of AD, which might best be done in the very early stages of the illness, may help address key ethical challenges to AD research. PMID:21300949
Dr. Paul Han is a board-certified general internist and palliative care physician, and a researcher whose work bridges the disciplines of behavioral and health services research. He received an M.D. from the New York University School of Medicine, an M.A. in Bioethics and an M.P.H. from the University of Pittsburgh, completed Internal Medicine residency training at UCLA, and research training at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program. Dr.
President Clinton dedicated a $30 million research center in June that is aiming to develop an HIV vaccine by 2007. The Dale and Betty Bumpers Vaccine Research Center will be finished next year on the campus of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Maryland. The research center will support 100 scientists and staff, and have a budget of $16.5 million in fiscal year 1999. PMID:11367294
R24 and Development in Advanced Network Technology (RADIANT) is a computer research division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The first Web site offers many publications from the five research focus groups within RADIANT: High-Performance Networking, Monitoring and Measurement, Cyber Security, Network Architecture, and Robust Systems and Networks. This material is mostly beneficial to professionals and research students specializing in these areas. The site also has links to information about job opportunities available at RADIANT, as well as the Advanced Summer Curriculum for Emerging Network Technologies (ASCENT). ASCENT is a summer internship program that accepts both undergraduate and graduate students interested in networking research.
The Land's agricultural research team is testing new ways to sustain life in space as a research participant with Kennedy Space Center's Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). The Land, sponsored by Kraft General Foods, is an entertainment, research, and education facility at EPCOT Center, part of Walt Disney World. The cooperative effort is simultaneously a research and development program, a technology demonstration that provides the public to see high technology at work and an area of potential spinoff: the CELSS work may generate Earth use technology beneficial to the hydroponic (soilless growing) vegetable production industries of the world.
"Research Opportunities" is a regular feature of the Journal that attempts to provide readers with relevant information regarding funding opportunities, policy changes, and future initiatives of the major sources of support for basic and applied research in spine and musculoskeletal rehabilitation. We welcome reader responses and suggestions concerning future topics for this section. This issue's section provides a description of the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, a newly created unit of the National Institutes of Health, established in 1990 to provide leadership in the conduct and support of research in medical rehabilitation. PMID:24572653
In this review, the author explores an often-used process in research--the mind map. He uses this method in his own research and artwork. He also uses this extensively with students, particularly master students when they are trying to surround issues in their thesis projects. Mind maps are closely associated with brainstorming, as brainstorming…
Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…
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Serig, Dan, Ed.
This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…
Murphy, Susan L
The American Occupational Therapy Association's Centennial Vision articulates the need for occupational therapy to be science driven and evidence based in major practice areas. This article provides a review on the state of the occupational therapy research published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) in the area of productive aging in the past 2 years (2008-2009). The article identifies the types of research published, assesses how well the journal is meeting the Centennial Vision in productive aging research, and discusses implications for utilization of the evidence by occupational therapy practitioners. Although many basic research articles provide a foundation for future intervention development and further define practice roles, the AJOT articles addressing productive aging represent diverse research questions and have produced a body of knowledge that is not easily translated to practice. More effectiveness studies are needed to provide adequate evidence for occupational therapy intervention with older adults. PMID:20131577
THE THEME of this edition of Nurse Researcher, 'disseminating research', is pertinent to researchers across the career spectrum and tackles two important issues: open access publishing and originality in PhD research. In the first paper, Suzanne Fredericks examines and contrasts two models of open access publishing, revealing some notable advantages of 'green' open access, achieved through repositories, as opposed to the more well-known 'gold' open access offered by journals ( Fredericks 2015 ). In the second paper, Paul Gill and Gina Dolan discuss originality in PhD studies, exploring the nature of the concept and how doctoral students can demonstrate originality, which is an essential consideration in their research dissemination activities as well as their thesis preparation ( Gill and Dolan 2015 ). PMID:26168806
Finley Jr., Russell L.
www.research.wayne.edu Research Handbook 2014-2015 #12;RESEARCH HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR) ....... Section 1 Research Programs and Resources.............................. Section 2 Seminars and Trainings................................................ Section 3 Research
Research Theme Paper May 2015 #12;Contents Research Themes&S).......................................................................................8 Environment, Resources and Sustainability Research Programs&M)...................................................................................................13 MA&M Research Program
California at Riverside, University of
of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, DOE Great Lakes BioEnergy Research Center (GLBRC), Michigan State University, Lansing, MI, USA 4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, BioEnergy Science Center (BESC), Oak Institute (JBEI), Great Lakes Bioen- ergy Research Center (GLBRC), and BioEnergy Science Center (BESC
Weigand, W.A. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Kaufman, E.N. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Bioprocessing research integrates a wide variety of fields and disciplines to achieve a process with economic and environmental advantages over conventional chemical processing. Specific fields of bioprocessing research typically involve biocatalysis development to identify and improve the enzyme or microorganism, biocatalysis production and retention to provide and maintain biocatalytic activity at the lowest possible cost, raw material treatment and selection to provide low cost substrates that are amenable to biological transformation, reactor design, downstream processing to purify the desired product and recycle nutrients or biocatalysts, and, finally, system integration. The papers presented in this session address many of the above issues in bioprocessing research.
Turner, Mort D.; McKenzie, Garry D.
Three major breakthroughs in Antarctic earth sciences which occurred during 1982 are discussed (finding of land fossils, meteorite, and subsurface microorganisms). Highlights of conferences, research activities, and significant publications are also discussed. (JN)
Hansen, James; Harris, Carolyn; Borenstein, Samuel; Curran, Brendan; Fox, Mitchell
Introduction How can we get the public to appreciate the way scientific understanding advances via iterative research? How can we provide females and underrepresented minorities an opportunity to be involved in science early enough in their schooling to make a difference in career motivation? How can research laboratories help improve science education in our schools and prepare students with skills that they will need in the workforce? We do not have the answers to these questions. Indeed, we are only beginning to work together, as researchers and educators, on these topics. However, the Editor, upon seeing the large number of student and educator coauthors on our paper in this issue of Journal of Geophysical Research, invited us to describe our fledgling program, with the hope of stimulating dialogue on a topic of increasing interest.
Data from research on ionospheric D, E, and F, regions are reported. Wave propagation, mass spectrometer measurements, and atmospheric reactions of HO2 with NO and NO2 and NH2 with NO and O2 are summarized.
1 INTRODUCTION. My research ... modelers fit biological data while avoiding the nonlinear, and sometimes intractable, optimization problems that ... Developing and using computational models for predicting molecular mechanisms for cel-.
Activity Area (F03): PM Implementation NRMRL conducts research to improve the techniques used to quantify PM and PM precursor emissions from stationary, mobile, and fugitive sources and investigates the performance and cost of innovative control technology systems. The emission...
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Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding Figure f University of Toronto Performance Indicators 2012 Research Funding from Industrial Sources Performance Relevance: The amount of research relationship between the university research community and the private sector. This partnership between
Hill, Jeffrey E.
UF/IFAS RESEARCH DISCOVERIES Ongoing Research 2015 UF/IFAS RESEARCH DISCOVERIES | 1 The year 2000 TECHNOLOGIES #12;UF/IFAS RESEARCH DISCOVERIES An Equal Opportunity Institution. Research with Impact 201
Englund, David R.
The LeRC program in research sensors is directed at development of sensors and sensing techniques for research applications on turbine engines and propulsion systems. In general, the sensors are used either to measure to response of an engine component to the imposed environment. Locations of concern are generally within the gas path and, for the most part, are within the hot section of the engine. Since these sensors are used for research testing as opposed to operational use, a sensor lifetime of the order of 50 hr is considered sufficient. The following discussion presents a sample of this work, describing programs to develop a dynamic gas temperature measuring system, total heat flux sensors, a variety of thin-film sensors, and high-temperature strain measuring systems.
Created by authors Mike Lestik, Scott Plous and Geoffrey Urbaniak of the Social Psychology Network, this "Research Randomizer" is a free service offered to "assist researchers and students who want an easy way to perform random sampling or assign participants to experimental conditions." Since its creation in 1997, this resource has been used 7.5 million times for a various amount of different tests. The authors offer a simple survey to fill in to begin the exam. This is a great resource for those interested in statistical testing or simply need assistant performing a specific test.
This activity will allow students to practice Standard 4 Objective 2 of the Library Media Core. The students will practice the engage and extract process of doing research. Use the following links to help you do research on the topic your teacher assigned you. Encyclopedia Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia Wikipedia Thesarus Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary A Maths Dictionary for Kids Merriam-Webster Online Geography Helping Your Child Learn Geography Geography World - Conservation and Environmental Issues Oceans Life Science Biology Online. Life Science Reference Space and Astronomy KidsAstronomy.com Solar System Exploration ...
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has made its 2002 Research Review available at this site. The document can be downloaded as a whole or in segments by its nine subject areas. An interesting look at "low-wind-speed turbines" discusses the importance of several turbine components in designing an efficient, low-cost source of power. Vehicle emissions and hydrogen fuel cell applications are among several other areas covered. The Research Review is written in a very non-technical manner, so it is ideal for anyone wanting to learn about renewable energy and clean technologies.
Research on Global Carbon Emission and Sequestration NSFC Funded Project Made Significant Progress in Quantum Dynamics Functional Human Blood Protein Obtained from Rice How Giant Pandas Thrive on a Bamboo Diet New Evidence of Interpersonal Violence from 129,000 Years Ago Found in China Aptamer-Mediated Efficient Capture and Release of T Lymphocytes on Nanostructured Surfaces BGI Study Results on Resequencing 50 Accessions of Rice Cast New Light on Molecular Breeding BGI Reports Study Results on Frequent Mutation of Genes Encoding UMPP Components in Kidney Cancer Research on Habitat Shift Promoting Species Diversification
This slide presentation first provides, in a concise form, background information on the Reading Excellence Act program authorized in 1998. It then presents a chart of fourth-grade reading achievement in 1998 from the National Assessment of Educational Progress. It also outlines some findings from reading research and lists the six dimensions of…
This video segment from IdahoPTV's D4K explains the Chinook salmon's life cycle in the Pacific Northwest and why it is an endangered species. A fisheries biologist takes students through some steps of fish research with explanations of the kinds of information biologists gather to perhaps help manage fish recovery.
Group of Eight (NJ1), 2010
The Group of Eight (Go8) is a coalition of leading Australian universities, intensive in research and comprehensive in general and professional education. The Go8 member universities recognise that the issue of energy usage and transformation is one of vital importance not only to Australia but to the world as a whole. The universities aim to make…
Oppenheimer, Steven B.
To integrate a research/discovery component into one course, an experiment using the sea urchin embryo system is introduced because the teacher manages only one organism and students provide the variables. The materials, handling methods, and experimental methods of the experiment are described. (YP)
Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Bratica, Robyn; Dempsey, Jack R.; Karle, Jessica
This article presents summaries of recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized provides a review of research documenting that even when children are not physically proximal to a national disaster (9/11), they may still have negative reactions. The second article summarized is an examination of the PTSD diagnostic criterion…
Dr. Jeannine M. Brant is an oncology clinical nurse specialist, pain consultant, and nurse scientist for the Billings Clinic in Montana. Dr. Brant's repertoire blends her clinical expertise in pain and symptom management with her program of research that includes improving patient symptoms and focusing on nursing-sensitive indicators that lead to quality nursing and interdisciplinary care. In 1990, Dr.
This article presents the author's review of research about material culture and its relevance to teaching artists. In this review, three themes emerged that may provide a conceptual framework. This framework may offer a base of understanding from which teaching artists may, in turn, be able to situate some of their practices or create new…
Awards of R01 and R21 Grants in 2014 During fiscal year 2014, NCI awarded 1,207 competing Research Project Grants (RPGs), resulting in an overall success rate of 14%. NCI funded most R01 and R21 applications with scores up to and including the 9th percentile.
Dr. Shakun Malik joined the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program in November 2013 as the head of thoracic oncology therapeutics. Her goal is to facilitate lung cancer research. Prior to joining CTEP, Dr. Malik worked at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), where she gained valuable experience in understanding the regulatory pathways that make drugs available to patients.
Presents research abstracts from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology. Topics include: classroom communication apprehension and distance education; outcomes of a distance-delivered science course; the NASA/Kennedy Space Center Virtual Science Mentor program; survey of traditional and distance learning higher education members;…
Presents six ERIC research abstracts that focus on: open and distance learning in pre-school teaching education; benchmarks for success in Internet-based distance education; longitudinal data on utilizing the Internet to supplement classroom instruction; assessing the effectiveness of Web-based instruction to meet workforce development needs; and…
Discusses an action research project in which two groups of middle school students were taught about cells using different kinds of visual aids. Finds that three-dimensional modeling seems to improve retention of information and facilitate short-term understanding of related concepts. (Author/WRM)
Brock, Stephen E., Ed.
This column features summaries of five research articles relevant to school crisis response. The first, "High School Teachers' Experiences With Suicidal Students," summarized by Robyn Bratica, offers the results of a study examining high school teachers' experiences with suicidal students and suggests that contact with suicidal students is very…
Describes a research assignment for 8th grade students on the elements of the periodic table. Students use web-based resources and a chemistry handbook to gather information, construct concept maps, and present the findings to the full class using the mode of their choice: a humorous story, a slideshow or gameboard, a brochure, a song, or skit.…
King, Angela G.
Nanotechnology are employed by researchers at Northwestern University to develop a method of labeling disease markers present in blood with unique DNA tags they have dubbed "bio-bar-codes". The preparation of nanoparticle and magnetic microparticle probes and a nanoparticle-based PSR-less DNA amplification scheme are involved by the DNA-BCA assay.
Sumara, Dennis J.
Discusses what Complexity Theory (presented as a rubric that collects theoretical understandings from a number of domains such as ecology, biology, neurology, and education) suggests about mind, selfhood, intelligence, and practices of reading, and the import of these reconceptualizations to reader-response researchers. Concludes that developing…
The paper addresses a number of issues regarding the extent to which trafficking may be applied to migrant domestic workers who enter under the kafala system of sponsorship in the Middle East. Migrant domestic workers are the most numerous of those mentioned in reports on trafficking for labour exploitation in the region. The discussion seeks to determine whether "trafficking" can be ex post facto, rather than ex ante? In other words, can the label of trafficking be attributed only after the worker has arrived in the receiving country and is victimized according to the principles of trafficking protocols? In addition, must there be a proven intent to traffic by agents, or can employers who harm and/or exploit them be considered as traffickers alone? Should the harm done to workers on arrival at their place of work be classified (and assisted) as victims of trafficking, or as exploited workers? PMID:20645473
An ex post facto study was conducted to investigate treatment outcomes for 80 women and 168 children admitted into a residential substance-abuse treatment program. The results indicated childhood emotional neglect is a barrier for remaining in and completing treatment for African-American women with comorbid psychological disorders but not for those with crack cocaine dependent disorders. African-American women with comorbid psychological disorders were also three times more likely to dropout of treatment. In addition, there were relatively few differences for between drug-exposed and nonexposed children. However, the results indicated that children of substance-abusing women who completed treatment were more likely to have behavioral problems, to receive early intervention services, and to have mothers as legal guardians by the end of treatment. Implications for gender-specific interventions for African-American women and their children in residential treatment are discussed. PMID:19042804
Kocarev, Ljupco [University of California, San Diego] [University of California, San Diego
This project purports to develop a new scheme for forming consensus among alternative climate models, that give widely divergent projections as to the details of climate change, that is more intelligent than simply averaging the model outputs, or averaging with ex post facto weighting factors. The method under development effectively allows models to assimilate data from one another in run time with weights that are chosen in an adaptive training phase using 20th century data, so that the models synchronize with one another as well as with reality. An alternate approach that is being explored in parallel is the automated combination of equations from different models in an expert-system-like framework.
Kuiper, B; Cohen-Kettenis, P
This is an evaluation of the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery on 36 female-to-male transsexuals and 105 male-to-female transsexuals in the Netherlands. Data were collected by means of structured interviews. The evaluation was made on the basis of subjective data only, that is on what the persons themselves reported on their gender identity, gender role, and physical condition. Allowing for the restrictive methodology of the (ex post facto) study, it is concluded that there is no reason to doubt the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery. No specific differences were found between those who were still in medical treatment and those who had completed treatment. The findings obtained in the female-to-male transsexuals compare favorably with those obtained in male-to-female transsexuals. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that more attention ought to be paid to psychosocial guidance in addition to medical guidance. PMID:3219066
Snaith, P; Tarsh, M J; Reid, R
"This is an evaluation of the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery on 36 female-to-male transsexuals and 105 male-to-female transsexuals in the Netherlands. Data were collected by means of structured interviews. The evaluation was made on the basis of subjective data only, that is on what the persons themselves reported on their gender identity, gender role, and physical condition. Allowing for the restrictive methodology of the (ex post facto) study, it is concluded that there is no reason to doubt the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery. No specific differences were found between those who were still in medical treatment and those who had completed treatment. The findings obtained in the female-to-male transsexuals compare favourably with those obtained in male-to-female transsexuals. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that more attention ought to be paid to psychosocial guidance in addition to medical guidance." PMID:8149122
Zheludev, Ilya; Smith, Robert; Aste, Tomaso
Social media analytics is showing promise for the prediction of financial markets. However, the true value of such data for trading is unclear due to a lack of consensus on which instruments can be predicted and how. Current approaches are based on the evaluation of message volumes and are typically assessed via retrospective (ex-post facto) evaluation of trading strategy returns. In this paper, we present instead a sentiment analysis methodology to quantify and statistically validate which assets could qualify for trading from social media analytics in an ex-ante configuration. We use sentiment analysis techniques and Information Theory measures to demonstrate that social media message sentiment can contain statistically-significant ex-ante information on the future prices of the S&P500 index and a limited set of stocks, in excess of what is achievable using solely message volumes. PMID:24572909
Alm, Torbjørn; Elvevåg, Brita
Ergotism is a horrendous disease with grotesque symptoms caused by ingesting specific ergot alkaloids. Mass poisoning episodes are attributable to consumption of grain - usually rye - infected with the fungus Claviceps purpurea. By focusing on possible cases of ergotism, we re-examine Norwegian history from the sagas through to the end of the seventeenth century. Our review - not intended to be exhaustive, or ex post facto to assign medical or psychiatric labels - draws attention to the very real possibility that many remarkable medical cases may have been the result of the ingestion of highly poisonous and psychoactive food substances. Where possible we highlight explanations given at the time - often rooted in religion or demonology - to explain the disease. PMID:24572795
Homard, Catherine M
The purpose of this ex post facto correlational study was to compare exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN(®) pass rates of baccalaureate nursing students who differed in level of participation in a standardized test package. Three cohort groups emerged as a standardized test package was introduced: (a) students who did not participate in a standardized test package; (b) students with two semesters of a standardized test package; and (c) students with four semesters of a standardized test package. Benner's novice-to-expert theory framed the study in the belief that students best acquire knowledge and skills through practice and reflection. Students participating in four semesters of a standardized test package demonstrated higher exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN pass rates compared with students who did not participate in this package. This study's results could inform nurse educators about strategies to facilitate nursing student success on exit examinations and the NCLEX-RN. PMID:23413805
Zheludev, Ilya; Smith, Robert; Aste, Tomaso
Social media analytics is showing promise for the prediction of financial markets. However, the true value of such data for trading is unclear due to a lack of consensus on which instruments can be predicted and how. Current approaches are based on the evaluation of message volumes and are typically assessed via retrospective (ex-post facto) evaluation of trading strategy returns. In this paper, we present instead a sentiment analysis methodology to quantify and statistically validate which assets could qualify for trading from social media analytics in an ex-ante configuration. We use sentiment analysis techniques and Information Theory measures to demonstrate that social media message sentiment can contain statistically-significant ex-ante information on the future prices of the S&P500 index and a limited set of stocks, in excess of what is achievable using solely message volumes.
Zender, Georgi Anne
The problem of this study was to determine in what ways science professional development would support kindergarten through sixth grade teachers in their implementation of a revised curriculum. The problem centered on evaluating the relationship between professional development involvement and teachers' learning and use of new knowledge and skills, organizational support and change, and student learning outcomes. Using data derived from survey responses and other sources (e.g., test scores, financial records, etc.), this study examined use of a science course of study, use of activities/experiments from workshops, use and adequacy of materials adoptions, administrative support, and achievement scores. This research was completed using an Ex Post Facto research design. Using the General Linear Model and causal-comparative analyses, thus study significantly concluded that teachers with a higher level of involvement in science professional development were more likely to use the revised course of study for lesson planning and to perceive materials adoptions as being adequate, and that districts that had participated in science professional development to revise curriculum showed more gains in student learning outcomes. Data on teachers' learning and use of new knowledge and skills implied that districts needed to continue to design teacher leadership situations that implement long-term professional development, build capacity for shared decision making, create a supportive environment for leaders, and incorporate assessments. Teacher leaders needed to actively engage in action research as a professional development strategy to promote reflection on their teaching and student learning. Data on organizational support and change implied that without logistical and financial support for teaching and learning in terms of hands-on materials, teachers would be unable to support future curriculum improvement efforts. Building principals needed to play a more active role in the implementation of curriculum. Data on student learning outcomes implied that both content knowledge and inquiry skills were critical bases for curriculum in terms of teacher efficacy and student achievement. Teachers needed to examine student work as a professional development strategy to also promote reflection on teaching and learning. Further research and professional development in the area of science assessment, in terms of scientific content and processes, was suggested.
Eodice, Michael Thomas
Traditional requirements-definition activities begin with the engineer or design team performing a needs-analysis to identify user requirements. Needs-analysis is generally subjective, and varies according to the composition and experience of the design team. Systematic procedures for defining and ranking requirements are necessary to consolidate the foundation on which the design process is predicated, and to enhance its outcome by providing the designer with a consistent, reliable approach to product development. As a first step towards developing such procedures, research was conducted at Stanford University using empirical data from a NASA spaceflight experiment that flew aboard Space Shuttle mission STS-90 (April 1998). This research was accomplished using ex post facto data analysis. This researcher served in the central role of Experiment Manager for the spaceflight experiment, and acted as a participant-observer while conducting formal research. To better understand requirement structure and evolution, individual requirements were decomposed using AND/OR graphs. The AND/OR graph data structure illustrates requirements evolution, and reveals that the original requirement is often met by fulfilling a series of sub-requirements that are easier to implement. Early in the product life cycle, many hundreds of potential needs were identified; however, it was a smaller subset of these initial needs that were realized in the final product. Based on analysis of a large group of requirements, it was observed that two critical components for any individual requirement were: (1) a stated need, and (2) an advocate to implement the need. Identification of need, or needs-analysis, although a necessary condition, is insufficient to ensure that a stated need evolves into a formal requirement. Equally important to the concept of requirements-definition is the notion of advocacy. Early in the product development cycle of the of the NASA experiment, many potential needs were identified; however, it was only through need-advocate pairing that a stated need became a requirement. Empirical data revealed that when needs were accompanied by strong advocates, they became clear requirements. Conversely, needs without advocates did not become requirements. Hence, need-advocate pairing is useful for predicting needs which will become requirements, and more importantly, needs at risk of not becoming requirements.
Minnesota, University of
: · Conduct a study of Gay men seeking sex online, recruiting subjects via: Keyword-linked Google ads Advertisements on Gay sex sites Researchers entering Gay chat rooms to recruit subjects individually What Study Internet-recruited Latino men who have sex with other men #12;Informed Consent Online · Online
Achievements in Sino-German Interdisciplinary Major Research Project Published by Small A Conserved Proline Switch on the Ribosome Facilitates the Recruitment and Binding of trGTPases Air Pollution Contributes in Sunshine Dimming in China Role of Lymphatic Trafficking and Biodistribution Soft Fibrin Gels Promote Selection and Growth of Tumorigenic Cells Targeted Therapy: The New Lease on Life for Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, and Beyond The Structural Basis for the Sensing and Binding of Cyclic di-GMP by STING Research on Atomic-Scale Investigation of Li Storage Mechanism in Spinel Li4Ti5O12 NSFC Funded Project Made Significant Progress in Intelligent Nanomaterial and Device Palaeobotany and the Evolution of the Monsoon in China Non Heme System Asymmetric Epoxidation Reaction Made Progress Rapid Advancement of Immunology Study in China Chinese Experts Successfully Produced Transgenic Animals from Haploid Embryonic Stem Cells
Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding Figure e University of Toronto Performance Indicators 2012 Canada Foundation for Innovation Performance Relevance: Research funding from the Federal by an institution's faculty members relative to its peers to support research infrastructure allocated
Sijpheer, N.; Bakker, E.J.; Opstelten, I.
One of the research programs of the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) concerns the built environment. Several facilities to conduct the research activities are at ECN's disposal. One of these facilities, are five research dwellings...
This paper explores some of the implications for research management in universities of the explicit identification of areas of research focus. In particular, it examines how research facilitation can work with research focus to enable universities to organise and project their research capabilities more effectively. This combination of research…
Leistikow, Bruce N.
Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Methods Methods Debora A. Paterniti, Ph.D. Debora A: Research Design Part I: Research Design #12;purpose of qualitative methods § to provide an openended. Paterniti, Ph.D. Center for Health Services Research in Center for Health Services Research in Primary
Fleming, Andrew J.
more than 100 words) #12;Motivation What has motivated you to undertake this research project? (no moreMaster of Business Research Research Proposal The University of Newcastle Master of Business Research program is intended for students wishing to develop research skill srequired to pursue research
Research at Langley on skin friction drag was described in Tech Briefs. 3M engineers suggested to Langley that grooves molded into a lightweight plastic film with adhesive backing and pressed on an airplane would be simpler than cutting grooves directly onto the surface. Boeing became involved and tested the "riblet" on an olympic rowing shell; the US won a silver medal. Based on the riblet-like projections on shark's skins, the technology may provide a 5 percent fuel saving for airplanes. Product is no longer commercially available.
NASA along with the Air Force is developing new monopropellant systems to replace the current hydrazine monopropellant systems. The monopropellants under consideration are environmentally friendly, have a higher density, and have better thermal characteristics than hydrazine. The near-term goal is to improve mission performance and greatly reduce ground operations costs. For the far-term, a very high performance (high specific impulse) system is being sought. The key to this goal is the development of a high-temperature catalyst; research in this area is underway.
Biomedical problems encountered by man in space which have been identified as a result of previous experience in simulated or actual spaceflight include cardiovascular deconditioning, motion sickness, bone loss, muscle atrophy, red cell alterations, fluid and electrolyte loss, radiation effects, radiation protection, behavior, and performance. The investigations and the findings in each of these areas were reviewed. A description of how biomedical research is organized within NASA, how it is funded, and how it is being reoriented to meet the needs of future manned space missions is also provided.
The GENETI-SCANNER, newest product of Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc. (PSI), rapidly scans slides, locates, digitizes, measures and classifies specific objects and events in research and diagnostic applications. Founded by former NASA employees, PSI's primary product line is based on NASA image processing technology. The instruments karyotype - a process employed in analysis and classification of chromosomes - using a video camera mounted on a microscope. Images are digitized, enabling chromosome image enhancement. The system enables karyotyping to be done significantly faster, increasing productivity and lowering costs. Product is no longer being manufactured.
Wright, Tiffanie L.
The purpose of this study was to explore whether Modeling Instruction, compared to traditional lecturing, is an effective instructional method to promote academic achievement in selected high school physics classes at a rural middle Tennessee high school. This study used an ex post facto , quasi-experimental research methodology. The independent variables in this study were the instructional methods of teaching. The treatment variable was Modeling Instruction and the control variable was traditional lecture instruction. The Treatment Group consisted of participants in Physical World Concepts who received Modeling Instruction. The Control Group consisted of participants in Physical Science who received traditional lecture instruction. The dependent variable was gains scores on the Force Concepts Inventory (FCI). The participants for this study were 133 students each in both the Treatment and Control Groups (n = 266), who attended a public, high school in rural middle Tennessee. The participants were administered the Force Concepts Inventory (FCI) prior to being taught the mechanics of physics. The FCI data were entered into the computer-based Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS). Two independent samples t-tests were conducted to answer the research questions. There was a statistically significant difference between the treatment and control groups concerning the instructional method. Modeling Instructional methods were found to be effective in increasing the academic achievement of students in high school physics. There was no statistically significant difference between FCI gains scores for gender. Gender was found to have no effect on the academic achievement of students in high school physics classes. However, even though there was not a statistically significant difference, female students' gains scores were higher than male students' gains scores when Modeling Instructional methods of teaching were used. Based on these findings, it is recommended that high school science teachers should use Modeling Instructional methods of teaching daily in their classrooms. A recommendation for further research is to expand the Modeling Instructional methods of teaching into different content areas, (i.e., reading and language arts) to explore academic achievement gains.
The Republic of Benin (West Africa) undertook a nationwide curriculum reform that put an emphasis on inquiry-based instructional practices. Little, if any, research has been conducted to explore factors that could be related to teachers' orientation toward inquiry instructional practices. The purpose of this research study was to investigate factors and concerns that determine Benin elementary school teachers' orientation toward the use of inquiry-based instruction in the teaching of science. The study followed a naturalistic inquiry methodology combining a correlational ex post facto design and an observational case-study design. The theory of Planned Behavior was the conceptual framework used to design the study. Two hundred (N = 200) elementary school teachers and three (n = 3) case study participants were purposively selected. Data was gathered via the Revised Science Attitude Scale (Thompson & Shrigley, 1986), the Science Teachers' Ideological Preference Scale (Jones & Harty, 1978), open-ended questions, interviews, and classroom observations using audiorecorders, videorecorders, and the researcher-contextualized version of the Observational System for the Analysis of Classroom Instruction (Hough, 1966). Qualitative and quantitative data provided a deeper understanding of participants' responses. Quantitative measures indicated that Benin elementary school teachers have positive attitudes toward school science, significant positive orientation toward both inquiry-based instruction and traditional non inquiry-based instruction, and higher orientation toward inquiry-based instruction than traditional non inquiry-based instruction. Attitude toward handling materials for investigations was found to significantly contribute to the prediction of participants' inquiry orientation. Qualitative analyses of participants' responses indicated that the expectations of educational leaders, individual motivation to comply with the program, a perceived control of the performance of inquiry-based activities, students' inquiry outcome expectancy or likelihood of occurrence in the classroom, the pedagogical structure of the program, and the student-centeredness of the program were potential motivational factors that could explain participants' orientation toward inquiry-based instruction. Four major concerns---lack of materials for teaching, lack of training in the process and strategy of inquiry, overloaded curriculum content, students' linguistic difficulties---were perceived obstacles in implementing inquiry-based instruction. Implications for transformative curriculum practices are discussed.
Nilsson, Sarah J.
Aviation insurance agents and fixed-base operation (FBO) owners use recent flight experience, as implied by the 90-day rule, to measure pilot proficiency in physical airplane skills, and to assess the likelihood of a pilot error accident. The generally accepted premise is that more experience in a recent timeframe predicts less of a propensity for an accident, all other factors excluded. Some of these aviation industry stakeholders measure pilot proficiency solely by using time flown within the past 90, 60, or even 30 days, not accounting for extensive research showing aeronautical decision-making and situational awareness training decrease the likelihood of a pilot error accident. In an effort to reduce the pilot error accident rate, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has seen the need to shift pilot training emphasis from proficiency in physical airplane skills to aeronautical decision-making and situational awareness skills. However, current pilot training standards still focus more on the former than on the latter. The relationship between pilot error accidents and recent flight experience implied by the FAA's 90-day rule has not been rigorously assessed using empirical data. The intent of this research was to relate recent flight experience, in terms of time flown in the past 90 days, to pilot error accidents. A quantitative ex post facto approach, focusing on private pilots of single-engine general aviation (GA) fixed-wing aircraft, was used to analyze National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) accident investigation archival data. The data were analyzed using t-tests and binary logistic regression. T-tests between the mean number of hours of recent flight experience of tricycle gear pilots involved in pilot error accidents (TPE) and non-pilot error accidents (TNPE), t(202) = -.200, p = .842, and conventional gear pilots involved in pilot error accidents (CPE) and non-pilot error accidents (CNPE), t(111) = -.271, p = .787, indicate there is no statistically significant relationship between groups. Binary logistic regression indicate that recent flight experience does not reliably distinguish between pilot error and non-pilot error accidents for TPE/TNPE, chi2 = 0.040 (df=1, p = .841) and CPE/CNPE, chi2= 0.074 (df =1, p = .786). Future research could focus on different pilot populations, and to broaden the scope, analyze several years of data.
Abu-Saba, Elias; Mcginley, Williams; Shen, Ji-Yao
The main objective of the structures group is to provide quality aerospace research with the Center for Aerospace Research - A NASA Center for Excellence at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. The group includes dedicated faculty and students who have a proven record in the area of structures, in particular space structures. The participating faculty developed accurate mathematical models and effective computational algorithms to characterize the flexibility parameters of joint dominated beam-truss structures. Both experimental and theoretical modelling has been applied to the dynamic mode shapes and mode frequencies for a large truss system. During the past few months, the above procedures has been applied to the hypersonic transport plane model. The plane structure has been modeled as a lumped mass system by Doctor Abu-Saba while Doctor Shen applied the transfer matrix method with a piecewise continuous Timoshenko tapered beam model. Results from both procedures compare favorably with those obtained using the finite element method. These two methods are more compact and require less computer time than the finite element method. The group intends to perform experiments on structural systems including the hypersonic plane model to verify the results from the theoretical models.
Hadaway, James B.; Connatser, Robert; Cothren, Bobby; Johnson, R. B.
Work performed by the University of Alabama in Huntsville's (UAH) Center for Applied Optics (CAO) entitled Atomic Research is documented. Atomic oxygen (AO) effects on materials have long been a critical concern in designing spacecraft to withstand exposure to the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) environment. The objective of this research effort was to provide technical expertise in the design of instrumentation and experimental techniques for analyzing materials exposed to atomic oxygen in accelerated testing at NASA/MSFC. Such testing was required to answer fundamental questions concerning Space Station Freedom (SSF) candidate materials and materials exposed to atomic oxygen aboard the Long-Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF). The primary UAH task was to provide technical design, review, and analysis to MSFC in the development of a state-of-the-art 5eV atomic oxygen beam facility required to simulate the RAM-induced low earth orbit (LEO) AO environment. This development was to be accomplished primarily at NASA/MSFC. In support of this task, contamination effects and ultraviolet (UV) simulation testing was also to be carried out using NASA/MSFC facilities. Any materials analysis of LDEF samples was to be accomplished at UAH.
James Antaki and a group of researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine used many elements of the Technology Utilization Program while looking for a way to visualize and track material points within the heart muscle. What they needed were tiny artificial "eggs" containing copper sulfate solution, small enough (about 2 mm in diameter) that they would not injure the heart, and large enough to be seen in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images; they also had to be biocompatible and tough enough to withstand the beating of the muscle. The group could not make nor buy sufficient containers. After reading an article on microspheres in NASA Tech Briefs, and a complete set of reports on microencapsulation from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), JPL put Antaki in touch with Dr.Taylor Wang of Vanderbilt University who helped construct the myocardial markers. The research is expected to lead to improved understanding of how the heart works and what takes place when it fails.
Most secondary school students in Egypt enrol in private tutoring in almost all subjects throughout the school year. A large proportion of students have stopped attending school altogether due to their reliance on tutoring. This study of how educational markets are perpetuated at school level finds that in the technical track catering to the…
Despite scholarly disagreement about the nature and purposes of social studies education, the most widely adopted elementary social studies textbook series tend to be remarkably uniform, consisting of compendia of facts organized within the expanding communities curriculum structure. Content selection and explication tend to be guided primarily by…
Talbot, Sarah Margaret
This study accepted the theoretical framework of Friedkin and Thomas (1997), who proposed that tracking systems in large comprehensive high schools are emergent. The study replicates a network analysis methodology used by Heck, Price, and Thomas (2004) to understand the way tracking emerged in one high school in Hawaii. However, this study…
Linda A. Krefting; Kathleen J. Powers
The advantages of employee voice for organizations and individuals are well known, but in practice those who exercise voice sometimes face serious sanctions. Tensions surrounding voice are rooted in tacit presumptions of willing compliance embedded in influential theories of management, particularly the works of Chester Barnard and Herbert Simon and those who follow their traditions. Employees who exercise voice demonstrate
Several articles addressing topics in speech research are presented. The topics include: exploring the functional significance of physiological tremor: A biospectroscopic approach; differences between experienced and inexperienced listeners to deaf speech; a language-oriented view of reading and its disabilities; Phonetic factors in letter detection; categorical perception; Short-term recall by deaf signers of American sign language; a common basis for auditory sensory storage in perception and immediate memory; phonological awareness and verbal short-term memory; initiation versus execution time during manual and oral counting by stutterers; trading relations in the perception of speech by five-year-old children; the role of the strap muscles in pitch lowering; phonetic validation of distinctive features; consonants and syllable boundaires; and vowel information in postvocalic frictions.
Regional Research Collaborations Merrill Series on The Research Mission of Public Universities at Birmingham Regional Neuroscience Research Collaboration: The Alabama Experience Panel 1: Research ........................................................................................................5 Vice Chancellor for Research, University of Kansas Medical Center Evolution of Reproductive
Research Subject Advocate Principal Investigator Associate Vice President for Clinical Research F-Atlantic Twin Registry Scientific Director Evaluation Director Program Evaluators (2) Clinical Research Services Research Coordinators (4) Clinical Research Nurses (12) Executive Assistant Administrative Program Manager
The National Institute for Health Research, Research Design Service (NIHR RDS) was set up to increase the number and proportion of high quality applications for funding for applied and patient focused health and social care research. Access to specialist expertise and collaboration between researchers and health practitioners at the proposal development stage is crucial for high quality applied health research. In this essay we develop the concept of ‘research capital’ to describe the wide range of resources and expertise required to develop fundable research projects. It highlights the key role the RDS plays supporting researchers to broker relationships to access the requisite ‘research capital’. PMID:23557109
Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding Figures g-h University of Toronto Performance Indicators 2012 Total Research Funding Performance Relevance: The University's engagement in research covers a wide spectrum of funding sources and partners. Total Research Funding includes the annual dollar value
1 Division of Research SUBJECT: FACULTY-LEVEL RESEARCH APPOINTMENTS Effective Date: 02/01/13 Policy Number 10.1.3 Supersedes: 08/01/08 Page Of 1 3 Responsible Authority: Vice President for Research I. BACKGROUND Faculty-level research appointments, identified by the titles of Research Assistant Professor
GENERAL RESEARCH FUNDS General University Research Account: The General Research Fund is meant to cover the costs related to universities research activities of the fund/account holder and to further research activities of the Principal Investigator. As for any trust account, these funds belong
Houghton, John W.
This paper examines changing research practices in the digital environment and draws out implications for the development of research infrastructure. Reviews of the literature, quantitative indicators of research activities and our own field research in Australia suggest that there is a new mode of knowledge production emerging, changing research…
Maryland, Baltimore County, University of
will involve close collaboration with experimentalists. More information about research in Computational) is seeking a Postdoctoral Research Associate or an Assistant Research Professor in the area of Computational of the research professor levels (assistant, associate, or full). More information regarding UMBC research faculty
The relationship between selected standardized test scores and performance in advanced placement math and science exams: Analyzing the differential effectiveness of scores for course identification and placement
Urbina, Josue N.
There is a national need to increase the STEM-related workforce. Among factors leading towards STEM careers include the number of advanced high school mathematics and science courses students complete. Florida's enrollment patterns in STEM-related Advanced Placement (AP) courses, however, reveal that only a small percentage of students enroll into these classes. Therefore, screening tools are needed to find more students for these courses, who are academically ready, yet have not been identified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which scores from a national standardized test, Preliminary Scholastic Assessment Test/ National Merit Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT), in conjunction with and compared to a state-mandated standardized test, Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT), are related to selected AP exam performance in Seminole County Public Schools. An ex post facto correlational study was conducted using 6,189 student records from the 2010 - 2012 academic years. Multiple regression analyses using simultaneous Full Model testing showed differential moderate to strong relationships between scores in eight of the nine AP courses (i.e., Biology, Environmental Science, Chemistry, Physics B, Physics C Electrical, Physics C Mechanical, Statistics, Calculus AB and BC) examined. For example, the significant unique contribution to overall variance in AP scores was a linear combination of PSAT Math (M), Critical Reading (CR) and FCAT Reading (R) for Biology and Environmental Science. Moderate relationships for Chemistry included a linear combination of PSAT M, W (Writing) and FCAT M; a combination of FCAT M and PSAT M was most significantly associated with Calculus AB performance. These findings have implications for both research and practice. FCAT scores, in conjunction with PSAT scores, can potentially be used for specific STEM-related AP courses, as part of a systematic approach towards AP course identification and placement. For courses with moderate to strong relationships, validation studies and development of expectancy tables, which estimate the probability of successful performance on these AP exams, are recommended. Also, findings established a need to examine other related research issues including, but not limited to, extensive longitudinal studies and analyses of other available or prospective standardized test scores.
In situ Oxidation Study of Pt (110) and Its Interaction with CO Chinese Scientists Published a Paper on Prevention of Drug Craving and Relapse by Memory Retrieval-extinction Procedure in Science Series Papers Published in Energy Policy: Modeling Energy Use of China's Road Transport and Policy Evaluation Breakthrough in the Ambient Catalytic Destruction of Formaldehyde Novel Findings for High Altitude Adaptation from the Yak Genome Binary Colloidal Structures Assembled through Ising Interactions Reemergence of superconductivity at 48K in Compressed Iron Selenide Based Superconductors Nucleosomes Suppress Spontaneous Mutations Base-Specifically in Eukaryotes Single-Chain Fragmented Antibodies Guided SiRNA Delivery in Breast Cancer Does Yeast Suicide? China Scientists Developed Important Methodologies for Spatiotemporal Detecting and Manipulating of Cellular Activities Scorpions Inspire Chinese Scientists in Making Bionic Non-eroding Surfaces for Machinery Research on Phylogenetic Placement of Borthwickia and Description of a New Family of Angiosperms, Borthwickiaceae Plasmoid Ejection and Secondary Current Sheet Generation from Magnetic Reconnection in Laser-plasma Interaction Cotton Bollworm Adapts to Bt Cotton via Diverse Mutations A Histone Acetyltransferase Regulates Active DNA Demethylation in Arabidopsis
Presents three reasons given by teachers for turning their backs on research--(1) a lack of understanding of research methods, (2) a perceived lack of skills, and (3) a suspicion of research. Responds to each of these positions. (FL)
Milenko Petrovic; Mokhtar Aboelaze
TCP is the De facto standard for connection oriented transport layer protocol, while UDP is the De facto standard for transport layer protocol, which is used with real time trac for audio and video. Although there have been many attempts to measure and analyze the performance of the TCP protocol in wireless networks, very few research was done on the
RESEARCH RESEARCH VALIDATION COMMERCIAL VALIDATION MARKET ELECTRONICS AND SEMICONDUCTORS Click-Optic Films Nanoscale Self-Assembled Dielectrics Silver Cathode for Lithium Batteries Magnetic Field Sensors
______________________________________________________________________________* *___ Research Summary 1 Introduction My research program reflects the essential interplay between-Dyer (BSD conjecture), which ties together the constellation of arithmetic invarian* *ts of an elliptic
Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding University of Toronto Performance Indicators 2014, SSHRC, NSERC and CIHR, provide close to a third of our total sponsored research funding; commonly considered a proxy for research intensity. Comparisons with top performing Canadian peer institutions
Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding Figures a-d University of Toronto Performance provide over one-third of our total sponsored research funding, which is commonly considered as a proxy for research intensity. Comparisons with top performing Canadian peer institutions over time demonstrate our
Zandstra, Peter W.
A. Our Research Excellence 4. Research Funding University of Toronto Performance Indicators 2013, SSHRC, NSERC and CIHR, provide close to a third of our total sponsored research funding; commonly considered a proxy for research intensity. Comparisons with top performing Canadian peer institutions
Mountziaris, T. J.
Research Resources Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs) The National Science Foundation funds a large number of research opportunities for undergraduate students through its REU program. An REU Site consists of a group of undergraduates who work in the research programs of the host
Manathunga, Catherine; Lant, Paul; Mellick, George
The impetus to broaden the scope of research education is not new. Since the 1970s, concern has been expressed about the suitability of research education as preparation for a research career outside academe. Universities have been criticized for producing over-specialized research graduates, who struggle to apply their expertise to new workplace…
Focuses on the resurgence of action research in teaching. Based on the concept that education is a social science whose theoretical principles should be grounded in the practitioner's knowledge, action research is a viable model for getting teachers involved in educational research. A typical action research project develops in successive stages.…
8/12/2014 Mahadevan Lab Research Students Lab Research Focus Our lab research falls are looking for talented, self-motivated students who have a passion for metabolic engineering and related candidate (how does your previous experience fit in with our research)? o What do you hope to gain from
Slater, Stephanie Jean
The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which REUs acted as educational experiences for 51 women in the field of astronomy, in an attempt to develop a theory of experience related to the REU. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. All data were analyzed using a theoretical framework of continuity and interaction, in a search for transformative experiences. Four findings emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants' knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self". Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not function to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.
Slater, S. J.
The long-running REU program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This 8-year, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women from a single scientific discipline. This paper describes the results of that analysis in two sections. The first section describes the results from an ex post facto longitudinal data analysis. This data included multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes, over an 8-year period. As a result of this analysis, four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the nature of the scientific process, the culture of academia, and finally, an understanding of the "self." This analysis served as an initial theory that was used to design the second stage, interview protocol. In the second stage over 10 hours of interviews with 8 participants were conducted and analyzed. These 8 participants were selected to represent a variety of career stages, and for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Analysis of this interview data failed to provide disconfirming evidence. Results from this study indicate that the REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, or the culture of academia. Results further indicated that the REU did not serve to transform participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, and learning gains with regard to other aspects of the self, were somewhat limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women arrived at the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently the result of interactions with mentors/scientists from middle school until well into the undergraduate period. Formal and informal interactions with research scientists and instructors, in addition to family members, served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained interactions with a single mentor at a home institution were particularly transformational. This study suggests further studies into the impact of long-term mentors on women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.
Sarantopoulos, Helen D.
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify, according to the Productivity Environment Preference Survey (PEPS) instrument, which learning-style domains (environmental, emotional, sociological, and physiological) were favored among Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in introductory biology classes in a large, urban community college. An additional purpose of this study was to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between the learning-style preferences and the demographic variables of age, gender, number of prior science courses, second language learner status, and earlier exposure to scientific information. Methodology. The study design was descriptive and ex post facto. The sample consisted of a total of 332 Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in General Biology 3. Major findings. The study revealed that Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in introductory biology at a large urban community college scored higher for the learning preference element of structure. Students twenty-five years and older scored higher for the learning preference elements of light, design, persistence, responsibility, and morning time (p <= 0.05). Females scored higher in the preference elements of (a) light, (b) temperature (warmth), (c) authority and (d) auditory (p <= 0.05). Significant differences were found for the elements of sound, warmth, motivation, several ways, and intake between the students with no prior science coursework and those who completed more than one (p <= 0.05). No significant learning-style preferences were found between second English language learners and those who learned English as their primary language (p <= 0.05). Students who frequently read science articles scored higher for the elements of motivation, persistence, responsibility, and tactile (p <= 0.05). Conclusions and recommendations. The conclusions were that Latino/Hispanic students need detailed guidance and clearly stated course objectives. The recommendations were: (1) College professors, counselors, and administrators must become aware of the Dunn learning-style model and instruments and on recent learning-style research articles on ethnically diverse groups of adult learners; and (2) Instructors should plan their instruction to incorporate the learning-style preferences of their students.
Slater, T. F.; Slater, S. J.
For more than two decades, federal agencies have been enthusiastically supporting summer research experiences for undergraduates. These REU programs are tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. Numerous authors (viz., Laursen, Lopatto, Dolan, among many others) have enthusiastically described positive impacts of summer REU programs from exit interview data. These results include enhanced persistence to pursue STEM careers and confirmed desire to attend graduate school in the field targeted by a particular REU. Perhaps surprisingly, negative student experiences are rarely described in the scholarly literature, but do appear in more informal publications (viz., Gueterma, 2007). One wonders how REU alumni, looking back over their entire collective portfolio of experiences, now perceive the educational value of their REU experience relative to their other educational experiences. To obtain a backwards-looking, reflective description from REU alumni on the value of their REU experiences, we conducted a 10-year, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women from a single geoscience sub-discipline. The first phase was an ex post facto longitudinal analysis of data, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes, over a 10-year period. This analysis informed the second phase, a clinical interview. Over 10 hours of interviews with 8 participants were conducted and analyzed. These 8 participants were selected to represent a variety of career stages, and for their potential to reflect on a wide variety of educational experiences. Results from the interviews, done many years after their REU experience, indicate that the interviewees' REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, or the culture of academia when considered in a comparative context of students' other educational experiences. Results further indicated that the REU did not serve to transform participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, and learning gains with regard to other aspects of the self, were somewhat limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women arrived at the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently the result of interactions with mentors/scientists from middle school until well into the undergraduate period.
Academic achievement and student participation in physics are lower than desired. Research has shown that there is a shortage of college students entering science and technology fields such as physics. E-learning may provide the technology-oriented Net Generation learner an option for taking courses such as physics in a course modality with which they are most comfortable thus garnering more participation and higher academic achievement. A quantitative ex-post facto study was performed to compare face-to-face and E-learning modalities on course completion and physics achievement for an entire introductory physics course. The theoretical framework for this study was based on the constructivist theory of education that implies a student-centered learning process. The sample consisted of 116 students enrolled in introductory physics courses at four 2-year community colleges in Texas. Course completion, SAT scores, Force Concept Inventory examination scores, as well as demographic information and employment information were examined. Linear and ordinal multiple regression analysis were used to determine if course modality is predictive of physics achievement while controlling for general scholastic aptitude, current employment, the presence of children in the home, and teacher evaluations. The results showed that students in the E-learning course performed better on the Force Concept Inventory than those in the traditional course both in the multiple regression analysis, beta = .61, p < .001, and in the ordinal regression analysis, Wald(1) = 18.83, p < .001. A chi-square test was used to determine if course completion rates differ between students in the two course modalities. The results showed no difference in course completion rates between students in the two course modalities, chi 2(1, n = 116) = 1.02, p = .312. It was concluded that students in an E-learning course modality had higher physics achievement but were no more likely to complete the introductory physics course than students were in a face-to-face modality. It was recommended that other colleges and universities should develop and test E-learning courses for introductory physics, that larger sample sizes should be used in future studies, and that additional outcome variables including the likelihood that a student chooses physics as a major or the likelihood that a student completes a physics degree should be examined.
Responsible Academic Research March 2015 Kyoto University Research Integrity Committee Code of Conduct for Academic Research What Constitutes Misconduct in Academic Research Promoting Research Integrity Research Integrity Hotlines Proper Use of Research Grants For all involved in research at Kyoto
NCI supports the community of cancer researchers through grants and contracts, training programs, research and development tools and datasets. For research related to specific cancer types, see our Cancer Types pages. Research Grants Funding Opportunities
Research Review Mechanical Engineering University of Twente #12;QANU / Research Review Mechanical;QANU / Research Review Mechanical Engineering / University of Twente 3 Report on the research assessment of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Twente Contents Preface
RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT SERVICES #12;PROPOSAL DEVELOPMENT Research Development Services (RDS) provides'commentsanddevelopmentof effectiveresponsesinresubmissions Contact us as early in your proposal development process as possible to take full advantage of our BY RESEARCH AND INNOVATION ResearchDevelopment
Contact Us | Sitemap CAM at the NCI NCI CAM History Highlights of NCI CAM Activities NCI CAM Annual Report Research Funding Opportunities Grant Application Information Research Resources Funded Research Research Results Training Opportunities FAQ's
Rose Murphy Research Associate Energy and Materials Research Group School of Resource and Environmental Management Simon Fraser University Vancouver, British Columbia Canada Nuruddin Kamal Senior Research Fellow Centre for Policy Research IUBAT International University of Business Agriculture
Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These activities exemplify the Center's varied and productive research efforts for 1991.
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Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These accomplishments exemplify the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1989.
CLINICAL RESEARCH Professional Organizations: Society of Clinical Research Associates (SOCRA) Central Virginia SOCRA Chapter Association for Clinical Research Professionals (ACRP) Drug Information for Leadership Excellence classes SkillSoft classes UVa Clinical Research training opportunities UVa
Farnworth, Cathy Rozel
Malagasy "players"--farmers, middle men, organic organisations and policy makers--see in export-orientated organic agriculture a way for Madagascar to build upon its historic export strengths: spices, essential oils, medicinal plants and tropical fruits. They point to the "de facto" organic status of most farming in the country and view organic…
DuPont, John N.
WELDING RESEARCH SUPPLEMENT | 253-s RESEARCH-3 welds were evalu- ated, along with composite fusion zones prepared with 20Cb-3 base metal and INCO in the chemical and process industries. Because of the high Ni content, the weld metal solidifies in the fully
Walker, Martha Lentz
Describes aspects of participatory action research and considers advantages of using participatory action research in research by disabilities and rehabilitation researchers. Notes that participatory action research can be built into any rehabilitation research design but that it rests upon the recognition of persons with disabilities as integral…
New South Wales, University of
-and-compliance-support-recs #12;Research is considered by: Human Research Ethics Committees (HRECs) A and B: · All human research involving more than low risk Human Research Ethics Advisory Panels (HREAPs) A to I: · All human research: · TRIM folders Available for Human Research Ethics Advisory Panels on request: #12;Integration with Info
Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These activities exemplify the center's varied and productive research efforts for 1993. This year's report presents some of the challenging work recently accomplished in the areas of aerospace systems, flight operations and research, aerophysics, and space research.
Research Exchange, 2002
These three issues of the "Research Exchange" focus on how better to conduct disability research and disseminate research results. The first issue examines the topic of human subject/human research participant protection, with a focus on research funded through the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). It provides…
Orr, Kent E.
Research Experience for Undergraduates Research Reports Indiana University, Bloomington Summer 2013 #12;Contents EEG Time Series Analysis and Functional Connectivity Network Measures of TD and ASD: · Richard Bradley worked with Ariana Coppess (IU) and Emily Walther (Westminster) · Marlies Gerber worked
The near roadway research track uses animal and human studies to better understand the associations between roadway proximity and adverse cardiopulmonary and neurological effects. This research will yield animal and human toxicity data in parallel with exposure assessment efforts...
Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 20032004126 Publications, research programmes, contracts and people Forestry Commission technical publications Publications by Forest Research staff Major research programmes undertaken by Forest Research Research contracts awarded by Forest Research Forest
In to IRBNet · Manage projects in your My Projects page · Build Your First Electronic Project Package · Share Attach your electronic project documents. Add project documents here. Select appropriate document11RESEARCH DATAWARE Innovation in Research Management Researcher 1: New Project Submission · Log
Maxwell, T. W.; Smyth, Robyn
We briefly make a case for re-conceptualising research project supervision/advising as the consideration of three inter-related areas: the learning and teaching process; developing the student; and producing the research project/outcome as a social practice. We use this as our theoretical base for an heuristic tool, "the research management…
Hansson, Finn; Monsted, Mette
The paper discusses research leadership in public universities under change and the role of entrepreneurial strategies in research. Research leadership function today in situations where the New Public Management movement one the one hand have introduced management by accountability and control in the university while on the other hand open…
The research dimension of higher education programmes is usually discussed in association with doctoral studies. Against a background of scarce literature investigating research in a Master's degree, this article aims to analyse the place of research in Master's qualifications, first, as envisaged by official European and national documents acting…
Tomlinson, Kathryn; Benefield, Pauline
This project aimed to undertake a scoping study of existent and potential research into the relationship between education and conflict, peace building and post-conflict situations, both nationally and internationally. Within this aim, the project investigates the main research dimensions of this area, identifies gaps in the research literature,…
Teacher inquiry can shape empirical inquiries by nonpracticing researchers, by allowing them to draw on the practical knowledge of those in the classroom. This recognition challenged the author to question what legitimized her role as a teacher-researcher and ask how she could have felt empowered as a researcher without higher education. In this…
The ARS irrigation research program at the Delta Center is part of the USDA-ARS Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research Unit located at Columbia, Missouri. It began in 2000 with cooperative research between ARS scientists at Columbia and University of Missouri scientists at the Delta Center. By ...
Florida, University of
of the Mississippi River. In 2012, cash receipts for the state's beef industry totaled $669 million. Most of Florida's Association, beef industry advisory groups, federal government agencies and individual ranchers. BesidesUF/IFAS RESEARCH DISCOVERIES Ongoing Research 2014 UF/IFAS RESEARCH DISCOVERIES | 1 Florida's beef
Slater, Sarah C.; Baum, Herbert M.
Discusses several designs used in research, specifically in language treatment research. Randomized clinical trials are highlighted because of their designation as the gold standard for determining treatment efficacy in the medical community. A brief discussion of the Communication Sciences and Disorders Clinical Trials Research Group is…
Policy on Research Misconduct 12/20/2013 Policy on Research Misconduct I. Purpose and Scope there are allegations of misconduct in research. This policy and accompanying procedures apply to all university funded by external sponsors or not, are familiar with the policy and procedures. This policy
Nall, Marsha M.; Myers, Jerry G.
The NASA-Glenn Research Centers Human Research Program office supports a wide range of technology development efforts aimed at enabling extended human presence in space. This presentation provides a brief overview of the historical successes, current 2013 activities and future projects of NASA-GRCs Human Research Program.
Jones, Helen Claire
This article gives an overview of two research-related roles that can form part of a nurse's career path: clinical research nurse and nurse researcher. It highlights the influences on both roles, and the skills and differences within them, as well as offering advice on how nurses can access either role. PMID:26182597
Gelling, Leslie; Engward, Hilary
The planning stage of any research project is one of the most important stages in the research process. This article offers insight into the important issues a researcher needs to consider when planning his or her research, including how to develop a research protocol, obtaining research funding, seeking academic, peer and social support, gaining research ethics and governance approval and planning a research schedule. Careful planning ensures that the research project is achievable and can be completed on time, with the funding available. PMID:25758518
A number of bacteria, including Aeromonas hydrophila, are listed on the Environmental Protection Agency's 1998 Contaminant Candidate List (CCL) as research needs. One research priority designated by the CCL is the identification of virulence activity facto...
#12;Research on Teaching & Learning GUIDEBOOK Nancy E.Fenton,RD,Ph.D Karen Szala-Meneok,Ph.D © Mc;............................ ..................... ................................................................................ Understanding Teaching and Learning Concepts What Counts as Research? Classroom Assessment Classroom Research ............................................................. ........................................... ...................... ..................................................................... ...............................Conducting Research at McMaster University Ethics of Conducting Pedagogical Research 22
HR Strategy for Researchers Action Plan 2014-2016 March 2014 #12;Action Plan for the Implementation Strategy Group and has integrated the implementation of the HR Strategy for Researchers into its overall-stage postdoctoral researchers, and established researchers and research professors). Achieving the Excellence in HR
Henderson, Karla A.
Examines current literature and personal experiences with researching diverse populations, emphasizing the value of becoming more sensitive about researching diverse populations. The paper addresses four issues: being a member of the researched group, choosing methods and strategies, involving diverse groups in research, and how researching…
Victoria, University of
1 External Research Funding Agreements University Policy No: RH8200 Classification: Research of external Research Funding Agreements and to establish conditions for the remuneration of faculty and university employees under Research Funding Agreements. DEFINITIONS 2.00 Research Funding Agreement means
Alpay, S. Pamir
,700 graduate fellowships, 10,000 research grants, and 30,000 graduate research assistantships #12;NationalGraduate Research Fellowship Program National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Operations Center #12;National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program More Info: www
Farr, Roger, Ed.; And Others
This book includes papers related to reading research from the International Reading Association's 1974 preconvention institute on research held in New Orleans. The introduction by Samuel Weintraub and Roger Farr discusses such questions as: Where does reading research need to be improved? What is research? What areas of reading research demand…
This handbook is a roadmap for action research facilitators to help groups as they work through the research process. It offers quotations, handouts, strategies, resources, and insights from actual experiences. The sections of the handbook follow the action research cycle, focusing on: "What is Action Research?"; "What is the Action Research…
UCD CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTRE STRATEGIC PRIORITIES 2015 - 2019 UCD School of Medicine and Medical RESEARCH 11 5: EDUCATION & TRAINING 16 #12;UCD Clinical Research Centre Strategic Priorities 2015 - 2019 2 1 1 UCD Clinical Research Centre Strategic Priorities 2015 - 2019 UCD Clinical Research Centre
Landers, D.H.; Ford, J.; Allen, S.; Curtis, L.; Omernik, J.M.
The research plan was initially intended to contain the information needed to evaluate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Arctic Contaminant Research Program (ACRP). The scientific aspects of the proposed research form the main body of the document and focus on objectives of the specific research components, current literature, approach, and rationale. The ACRP has three major components: (1) extensive sampling of lichens, mosses, and soils to provide a spatial understanding of the status and extent of contaminants present in arctic ecosystems, (2) lake sediment research to evaluate the source and history of arctic contaminant inputs, and (3) food web research to evaluate the possible effects of atmospherically transported pollutants on arctic food webs. The research plan will be used to provide a framework for the ACRP, based on the preliminary studies done to date and will be implemented over the next five years. The Program will undergo additional peer reviews at two-year intervals in the future.
This research guide is a powerpoint presentation on primary and secondary sources used for securities law research. It also identifies government websites and tips for conducting securities law research.
This research guide provides an overview of resources and search strategies for researching Securities Law: primary and secondary materials, specialized databases, and government websites. It also identifies sources for researching case law.
Research Advocacy 101 was developed to provide information about cancer research advocacy. Over the course of these short videos, you will hear: A discussion of the history of advocacy A definition of research advocacy An explanation of the roles
Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this.
. ORD's Computational Toxicology Research Program Implementation Plan (FY 2006 2008) April 2006...................................................................................................... 1 II. Office of Research and Development Computational Toxicology Program................................................................................................................................... 25 #12;. List of Figures Figure 1 Component of the Computational Toxicology Research Program within
The "Waste Research Strategy" covers research necessary to support both the proper management of solid and hazardous wastes and the effective remediation of contaminated waste sites.This research includes improving the assessment of existing environmental risks,...
This document describes a strategy for conducting wildlife effects research within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL). The NHEEL wildlife research strategy is designed to address critical researc...
The Waste Research Strategy covers research necessary to support both the proper management of solid and hazardous wastes and the effective remediation of contaminated waste sites. This research includes improving the assessment of existing environmental risks, as well as develop...
Discusses the need for educational research organizations (such as the American Educational Research Association) to systematically and critically study their own research priorities, review procedures, membership requirements, and resource allocations. (GC)
Bartholomew, Calvin H.; Hecker, William C.
The objectives and philosophy of the Catalysis Laboratory at Brigham Young University are discussed. Also discusses recent and current research activities at the laboratory as well as educational opportunities, research facilities, and sources of research support. (JN)
Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169
Cruickshank, Alexander M.
The Gordon Research Conferences were established to stimulate research in universities, research foundations, and industrial laboratories. The topics for the conferences are listed as well as the locations and scheduled presentations at each conference. (CS)
The Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory maintains an active research program for avian influenza in several different areas including developing and improving diagnostic test, developing and testing vaccines, doing basic pathogenesis research, and studies on molecular epidemiology. The highlights...
The Translational Research Program (TRP) is the home of the SPOREs — the Specialized Programs of Research Excellence — a cornerstone of NCI’s efforts to promote collaborative, interdisciplinary translational cancer research.
Nicholson, Bruce J.
Department Research Contacts for Medical Student Research 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 A B C D/2/2013 #12;Department Research Contacts for Medical Student Research 1 A B C D Departments Chair Chief of Research Student Research POC 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Diabetes Ralph A
Molly Lynn Watt; Daniel Lynn Watt
Action research is a form of professional inquiry in which the teacher's role is seen as key to educational improvement. This paper describes methodologies developed by the Logo Action Research Collaborative – a national network linking 100 teachers at nine sites – that facilitate and support collaborative inquiry by teachers into their own teaching practices, in order to understand, improve,
The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.
The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within four research Cooperatives. The Western Cooperative is concerned with the effects of atmospheric deposition on coniferous forests in the eleven conterminous western states. The 1987 Research Plan first outlines the objectives and research strategy of the FRP. The objectives and strategy of the Western Cooperative are then described in the context of the parent organization. The 1986 Western Cooperative program is reviewed followed by a description of the 1987 program. Brief descriptions of each of the individual 1987 research projects are also given.
The Tall Timbers Research Station works to foster land stewardship through its research, conservation, and education efforts. Located in Tallahassee, Florida, the Tall Timbers Station conducts research in the areas of Fire Ecology, Resource Management, Vertebrate Ecology, Forestry, and Northern Bobwhite Quail studies. The Station's website contains overviews of its five major research programs and offers information regarding research jobs and internships. Tall Timbers also provides downloadable copies of its _Research Notes_ publication, and lists a variety of staff publications (some of which are downloadable). In addition, Tall Timbers features the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database (reported on in the Scout Report for Science & Engineering, January 6, 1999) which contains approximately 15,000 citations, and 6,000 abstracts.
An important resource from the Rutgers University Libraries, this business research resources guide puts the top business research sources in one easy-to-use place. The portal is divided into eighteen sections, including Business News Sources, Job Searching, Market Research, and Financing Your Business. Within each section, there are myriad well-organized sites complete with short annotations. The librarians responsible for this site have thoughtfully included dates for each section denoting when each part was last updated.
McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.
"Research in the Schools" publishes empirical studies focusing on the results of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research, descriptions of technology applications and innovative teaching strategies, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 contains these articles: (1) "Factors Associated with…
Kostic, Milivoje M.
2014-15 Research Rookies Student Handbook Program Administrators: Dr. Julia Spears; Director & Experiential Learning Contact: ResearchRookies@niu.edu #12;2 | P a g e NIU Research Rookies Motto I am experience through undergraduate research. I strive for academic excellence, so that I can pursue my goals
Galda, Lee; Ash, Gwynne Ellen; Cullinan, Bernice E.
Describes the multidisciplinary nature of children's literature as a field of study. Suggests research in children's literature encompasses a diverse set of methodologies and theoretical perspectives. Discusses research on text, research on child readers, contexts that support engagement, and research needs. (RS)
Summer Research Internship Program Student Handbook #12;LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Congratulations Summer Research Internship Participants! Welcome to the Summer Research Internship Program. We during the summer. As part of this program, you are expected to do a literature search on your research
Volkwein, J. Fredericks
Assessment research is at its best when it packages research results and data so that they can be digested by multiple audiences. Too many assessment researchers spend all their efforts planning and executing the research project with little attention to closing the loop at the end. If assessment findings are not communicated effectively, the…
Rauch, Sidney J.
A broad gap exists between research findings on reading and the application of these findings to the classroom. Commonly held beliefs of administrators and teachers that present formidable obstacles to the translation of research findings into action include: (1) many research designs are too complex and difficult to understand; (2) many research…
Welcome to the inaugural edition of “Rangeland Research Roundup”. Please allow me to introduce myself and provide an overview of our rangeland research in this edition. My name is Justin Derner and I have been the Research Leader for the USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Rangeland Resources...
This review highlights the accomplishments of three University of Florida beef cattle research locations from the 1940s through the late 1980s. During that time, the Everglades Research and Education Center at Belle Glade, the Range Cattle Research and Education Center at Ona, and the Beef Research...
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011
Research messages 2010 is a collection of summaries of research projects published by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER). The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organise its research and analysis: Industry and employers; Students and individuals; Teaching and learning: VET system; and VET in…
Research Narrative David Brooks School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard University general research approach, before discussing the details of my major research directions across each of the research challenges. 1 Challenges My group focuses on three critical technology challenges that threaten
Resource Purpose: The Research Tracking System provides information on the status of research that is being conducted to support new drinking water standards. Presently, the database contains only M-DBP research. It will be expanded to include research on the contaminant ca...
ACER Press (Australian Council for Educational Research), 2003
"Research Highlights" is an annual publication documenting developments in the Australian Council for Educational Research's (ACER's) research programs for the previous year. The 2003 edition highlights research on the following themes: (1) Australian students excel in international study; (2) Assessing the moral and ethical outcomes of schooling;…
Regional Research Collaborations Merrill Series on The Research Mission of Public Universities at Birmingham Regional Neuroscience Research Collaboration: The Alabama Experience Panel 1: Research The University of Missouri Regional Biocontainment Laboratory What It Is and the Emphasis on Regional Panel 3
An African-American researcher is spearheading a black biomedical research movement to urge more African Americans to investigate the health issues affecting their communities. His research focuses on the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus, but he is encouraging general expansion of the black researcher population. (MSE)
Defining research as systematic, self-critical inquiry open to public criticism and/or empirical test, the author considers the relevance of scientific, historical, and educational research to practice. He asserts that teachers must be involved in educational research and that researchers must justify themselves to practitioners, not practitioners…
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012
"Research messages 2011" is a collection of summaries of research projects published by National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) in 2011. The publication also has an overview essay that captures the themes and highlights from the research for the year, including: (1) the initial education and training of young people and their…
Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid
This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…
Benson, Chris, Ed.
This serial issue contains eight articles all on the theme of "Becoming Teacher Researchers.""Becoming a Network of Teacher Researchers" (Scott Christian) discusses how portfolios of classroom work provide documentation and encourage more systematic teacher research involving established research techniques. "Identifying Features of Language:…
SPONSOR: Microsoft Research INVITED SPEAKER: Hermann Ney, RWTH-Aachen PROGRAM COMMITTEE: Kevin Knight, USC/ISI, Organizer Franz Josef Och, RWTH-Aachen, Organizer Jessie Pinkham, Microsoft Research, Organizer Deborah Coughlin, Microsoft Research, Co-organizer Srinivas Bangalore, AT&T Research Ralf Brown
Axman, Linnea; Boren, Denise
This text is the foundation from which a distinguished lecture was developed focusing on the necessity for research in healthcare carried out with attention to issues of integrity, the hallmark of all commendable research. A cautionary historical review of research misconduct and related topics is provided. Research within a cultural context and…
Nettles, Mary Frances
The NFSMI Research Summary is a continuing series of summaries reporting recently completed research and research-based resources funded by the National Food Service Management Institute. The following research studies are summarized in this article: (1) Succession Planning for Management Level Staff in School Nutrition Programs; (2)…
National Research Council Canada Institute for Information Technology Conseil national de. NRC 46531. Copyright 2004 by National Research Council of Canada Permission is granted to quote short in part with research that was done at the National Research Council of Canada NRC and on the evolution
Gallaudet Coll., Washington, DC. Div. of Research.
The booklet describes research on deafness undertaken at Gallaudet College. The work of the following departments are briefly summarized: the Division of Research and the Gallaudet Research Institute, the Kendall Elementary School/Model Secondary School for the Deaf, Educational Research Laboratory, the Office of Cued Speech Programs, the Mental…
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) – Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the principal in-house research agency within the USDA. The USDA-ARS provides research for finding solutions to agricultural problems. The Hydraulic Engineering Research Unit (HERU) within the USDA-ARS prov...
Kitao, S. Kathleen
Research results should not be taken at face value; some research is not well designed, and readers must be able to assess whether the research carried out actually supports the results or may be explained otherwise. Research reports are usually divided into introduction or literature review, methods, results, and discussion and conclusions. Basic…
Wilson discusses ways in which educational research is rendered ineffective, stemming from distortion of the concepts of "education" and "research." Includes three commentaries: Harry Brighouse discusses factors impeding research, John White contests the definition of education, and Marian Sainsbury argues that educational research should not be…
Homework 3 Research Practicum Fall 2012 Andrew Rosenberg Research Proposal Write a Research Proposal for your final project. This proposal should motivate the *specific* question that your term, you will need to do another literature review to write a successful research proposal. Follow
Angervall, Petra; Gustafsson, Jan
The neo-liberal restructuring of academia justifies research concerning what constitutes academic work, what it means to be an academic researcher and how researchers manoeuvre in academia. The aim of this article is to investigate how this reshaping of higher education affects how research careers are formed and impacts on "becoming…
This website presents the Organic Farming Research Foundation, an organization "dedicated to promoting organic farming through funding of on-farm research and dissemination of the results." OFRF offers grants and technical support to researchers, farmers, and students interested in developing and conducting organic farming studies. The website's Grantmaking and Research section includes guidelines for applying for OFRF Grants, a guide to conducting on-farm research, PDF files for OFRF-funded research reports, and more. The OFRF site links to a short list of publications, policy news and updates, special events, and press releases and clippings. The site also links to information about the Scientific Congress on Organic Agricultural Research.
The Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) works at the highest national level to coordinate and support research being conducted at universities, provincial institutions, and federal institutions. The four main PARC research divisions are: Crop Sciences, Natural Resources, Animal Sciences, and Social Sciences. The PARC website contains summary information about these main research areas, as well as information about a variety of crops, research staff, publications, and more. From the PARC site, visitors can also learn about regional research efforts by linking to one the seven major PARC centers including the Sugar Crops Research Institute in Thatta; the National Agricultural Research Centre in Islamabad; the Himalayan Agricultural Research Institute in Kaghan, and the Arid Zone Research Centre in Quetta. Various databases are also available including Plant Genetic Resources with over 15,000 records searchable by species and/or genus; and Pakistan Agriculture--a bibliographic database with more than 32,000 records regarding agriculture in Pakistan.
Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These accomplishments exemplify the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1990. The activities addressed are under the directories of: (1) aerospace systems which contains aircraft technology, full-scale aerodynamics research, information sciences, aerospace human factors research, and flight systems and simulation research divisions; (2) Dryden flight research facility which contains research engineering division; (3) aerophysics which contains aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, and thermosciences divisions; and (4) space research which contains advanced life support, space projects, earth system science, life science, and space science divisions, and search for extraterrestrial intelligence and space life sciences payloads offices.
... Adults (1 item) Women’s Mental Health (4 items) Research Basic Research (3 items) Clinical Research and Trials ( ... Adults (1 item) Women’s Mental Health (4 items) Research Basic Research (3 items) Clinical Research and Trials ( ...
Stephen Ansley Undergraduate Research Opportunities Research Travel Funding Proposal BUDGET at the convention will not only benefit me academically and professionally, but it also represents an opportunity an opportunity to send some of our finest student historians to act as ambassadors for not only the university
The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within...
This research plan was initially intended to contain the information needed to evaluate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Arctic Contaminant Research Program (ACRP). t served as a basis for discussion at a peer review, and has been revised to incorporate changes and ...
Skip to Content Search this site Research Funding Main Grants.gov RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars Applying for an NIH Grant Information for New Grantees NCI Guide for Preparing P01 Applications Human Subjects Research NIH RePORTER Last Updated: 02/06/15 RRP
. Superimposed on this variation with Mars-Sun distance are positive density residuals during Mars year (MY)25JournalofGeophysicalResearch: Planets RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JE004491 Key Points of Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JE004491. Received
Skip to Content Search this site Research Funding Main Grants.gov RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars Applying for an NIH Grant Information for New Grantees NCI Guide for Preparing P01 Applications Human Subjects Research NIH RePORTER Last Updated: 03/13/14 Human
Lewis, Patrick J.
If story is central to human meaning why, in the research world, is there not more storytelling? Walter Benjamin (1973) noted that, "a story is different. It does not expend itself. It preserves and concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it even after a long time" (p. 90). How might research not expend itself, but preserve and…
Biostatistician Dr. Jill Barnholtz-Sloan strives to make a difference in the field of cancer research while inspiring her students at the same time. Learn more about how she uses TCGA data in her career in this TCGA in Action Researcher Profile.
Sengun, Mehmet Haluk
Global Research Priorities responding through research to global challenges #12;"One of the core urgent problems are now global in origin and input." professor nigel thrift vice-chancellor and president university of warwick Contents 3 Vice-ChancellorandPresident'sIntroduction 4 Warwick'sGlobal
Throughout history human subject research has been plagued by researchers whose studies were riddled with danger and/or risk to their subjects. Indeed, one may cite numerous situations where human subjects were injured and/or killed in experiments that were designed with no thought or anticipation of risk to the subjects. As a result, the federal…
Skip to Content Search this site Research Funding Main Grants.gov RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars Applying for an NIH Grant Information for New Grantees NCI Guide for Preparing P01 Applications Human Subjects Research NIH RePORTER Last Updated: 05/15/14 Applying
enabled UK researchers to understand the nature of climate change and predict weather more accurately that assessments of school-aged children suggest that their development is not affected by whether over the years which have assisted scientists across the world with research into health and social
activities of the network of six INDAS Centers. Research activities at KINDAS seek to investigate to establish international collaboration in its research activities, and is about to launch a series of books was inaugurated in 2006 under the auspices of the National Institutes for the Humanities (NIHU) with a network
The mission of the NASA Langley Research Center is to increase the knowledge and capability of the United States in a full range of aeronautics disciplines and in selected space disciplines. This mission will be accomplished by performing innovative research relevant to national needs and Agency goals, transferring technology to users in a timely manner, and providing development support to other United States Government agencies, industry, and other NASA centers. Highlights of the major accomplishments and applications that were made during the past year are presented. The highlights illustrate both the broad range of the research and technology activities at NASA Langley Research Center and the contributions of this work toward maintaining United States leadership in aeronautics and space research.
, it is commonly recognized that the combined effects of population aging and nursing staff shortage may eventually are often manually executed by the nursing staff, which constitutes de facto an efficiency bottleneck the automatic and remote moni- toring/tracking of patients in hospitals, and nursing insti- tutes
Motta, Arthur T.
nuclear fuel cladding can strongly influence material behavior and in particular resistance to crack formation is normally studied by post-facto metallography, performed at room temperature and in the absence load. The solubility limits and the hydride-matrix orientation relationship determined from in situ
Weber, David J.
Human Research Protection Program Plan Revised January 07, 2015 #12;Human Research Protection............................................................................................................... 4 Engaged in Human Research...................................................................................... 4 Human Research
The Interagency Task Force on Acid Precipitation, which manages the National Program, has developed this Operating Research Plan to ensure that diverse scientific findings are systematically organized to address the relevant policy questions. This detailed document supplements the more general National Acid Precipitation Assessment Plan (June 1982), and describes each project and how it relates to other activities and specific program outputs. This plan gives the technical and programmatic details on how the National Program's objectives will be met in each research area. The operating plan will be a dynamic document that will evolve with the Program, and be updated annually to track activities of the National Program and to project plans for future years. The Operating Research Plan is divided into two volumes. Volume I has several components. The assessment framework, at the end of this introductory section, describes how intricately the various parts of the National Program are interwoven and linked to one another to provide the information necessary for policy decisions. In the next section the comprehensive plans for each research area are outlined in detail, and include a description of the importance and scope of the research, the key questions being asked, the specific research objectives and the strategy for addressing these questions, the management of the task group and its activities, a summary of the major deliverables in the research area, the internal program linkages, as well as a section on the relationship of the federal effort to other programs.
Dumas, Michel; Preux, Pierre-Marie
In France, research in tropical medicine is carried out by the Institute for Research and Development (IRD), university-affiliated institutes, and other research organizations such as INSERM, CNRS and the Pasteur Institute. Currently, this research is highly fragmented and therefore inefficient. As a result, despite significant financial means, French research in this field is not sufficiently competitive. This research activity should be coordinated by creating a "federation ", that would 1) facilitate the sharing of material and human resources, thereby improving efficiency and resulting in cost savings; 2) valorize French research in tropical medicine and its expert know-how, thus favoring the nomination of French experts in large international research programs (French experts in tropical medicine are currently under-recognized); 3) attract young researchers from France and elsewhere; and 4) adapt to the ongoing demographic and economic evolution of tropical countries. The creation of a Federation of French researchers would also make research in tropical medicine more visible. The objectives to which it leads already must include 1) a better understanding of the priorities of countries in the southern hemisphere, taking into account the social, cultural and economic contexts and ensuring the consistency of current and future projects ; 2) strengthening of research networks in close and equal partnership with researchers in the southern hemisphere, with pooling of resources (scientific, human and material) to reach the critical mass required for major projects ; 3) promoting the emergence of centers of excellence for health research in tropical countries ; and 4) contributing more effectively to training, because there can be no training without research, and no research without training This consolidation will help to empower research in tropical medicine, as in other Western countries, and will allow France to recover the place it deserves. The specific conditions of this Federation of all French stakeholders (universities, research institutes, the military, and NGOs) must be defined by a committee of elected or nominated officials. PMID:25796729
Intuition suggests that licensing has socially beneficial ex post effects, and that it encourages innovation (ex ante) by increasing the rewards to the patentee. Research joint ventures also appear to have socially, if not privately, beneficial effects upon ex post dissemination, but it is not clear offhand what effect RJVs have on development incentives. Finally, one expects that imitation will have socially favorable ex post effects, but will tend to discourage or retard innovation. This paper indicates how the intuition expressed in the previous paragraph stands up under closer analysis. The factors that appear most important in determining both the pattern of dissemination of innovations, and the social and private effects of such dissemination are discussed. The effects of patent licensing are emphasized, touching upon joint ventures and imitation along the way. The analysis is conducted in the context of an oligopolistic industry. An oligopolistic setting is the natural one on which to focus, as patents, by their very nature, create market power, and as many progressive industries have concentrated market structures. 10 references.
Offered by Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), CSIRO Marine Research Web site contains multiple levels of valuable information. The organization's mission is to "understand its oceans by conducting research in the sustainable use of Australia's marine resources, the ocean's role in climate, and the effective conservation of the marine ecosystem integrity." Visitors will find current news articles, research material including free modeling software, and various data and related products such as remote sensing information and publications. The strength of the site lies in the adaptability of its offerings to research and researchers around the world.
Siegel, G M; Spradlin, J E
The thesis is developed that therapy and research are not necessarily the same activity and that clinicians are not necessarily researchers. Though there are commonalities between research and therapy, especially as the use of single-subject research designs has increased, using the scientific method to guide therapy is not the same as doing science. The requirements of good therapy and good research are often different in critical ways. Both research and therapy are important to the vitality of the profession, and the profession is strengthened when the differences are acknowledged. PMID:3894796
Deiwert, George S.
Research activity in the aerothermodynamics branch at the NASA Ames Research Center is reviewed. Advanced concepts and mission studies relating to the next generation aerospace transportation systems are summarized and directions for continued research identified. Theoretical and computational studies directed at determining flow fields and radiative and convective heating loads in real gases are described. Included are Navier-Stokes codes for equilibrium and thermochemical nonequilibrium air. Experimental studies in the 3.5-ft hypersonic wind tunnel, the ballistic ranges, and the electric arc driven shock tube are described. Tested configurations include generic hypersonic aerospace plane configurations, aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicle shapes and Galileo probe models.
The components research track uses a combination of panel studies, controlled human exposure studies, animal exposure studies, and in vitro toxicology to identify health effects associated with the varied components PM from differing sources. This information help determine the d...
& Centers #12;Research Clusters Modeling, Simulation, Visualization Lifespan Biology Alternative Energy) Biological Sciences (Sciences) Proteomics, Genomics, Environmental Health, Physical Therapy (Health Sciences, and environmental decontamination. ·Wound healing ·Cardiovascular ·Imaging ·Decontamination ·Treatment of Cancer #12
· Certified Athletic Trainer since 2000 · PhD in Kinesiology from the University of Connecticut Research cardiac and exertional sickling) · Athletic performance and thermoregulation Funded work · Effect using feather pulp (dermis) injections Funded work · Gene-expression during autoimmune vitiligo
Abrahams, I. David
.......................................................................................3 Table 3: Participants by Role and Gender...............................................................................................3 Table 4: Research and Teaching Staff by Field and Role Computer Science General Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Mechanical, Aeronautical
Kornfeld, S. Kerry
sciences research and biomedicine. Outstanding Resources Washington University enjoys a long history errant cells cause disease.The challenge for the twenty-first century is to understand how these casts
Josh Adams John Barentine Guillermo Blanc Taylor Chonis Amanda Heiderman (1/2) John Jardel Randi Ludwig Hermes (1/2) Amy Jones Paul Robertson Alan Sluder STARS Faculty & Research Scientists/Associates CHAIR
Dawson, Virginia P.
A small contingent of engineers at NASA Lewis Research Center pioneered in basic research on liquid propellants for rockets shortly after World War II. Carried on through the 1950s, this work influenced the important early decisions made by Abe Silverstein when he took charge of the Office of Space Flight Programs for NASA. He strongly supported the development of liquid hydrogen as a propulsion fuel in the face of resistance from Wernher von Braun. Members of the Lewis staff played an important role in bringing liquid hydrogen technology to the point of reliability through their management of the Centaur Program. This paper demonstrates how the personality and engineering intuition of Abe Silverstein shaped the Centaur program and left a lasting imprint on the laboratory research tradition. Many of the current leaders of Lewis Research Center received their first hands-on engineering experience when they worked on the Centaur program in the 1960s.
Wood, Marcelo A.
Quality Research Administration Meeting November, 2014 #12;Agenda Sponsored Projects Administration Update Contract and Grant Accounting Update Uniform Guidance Update External Audit Coordination Nancy Lewis Quality Research Administration MeetingNovember, 2014 #12;Sponsored Projects Administration
and society globally through leadership in research and teaching. Specifically with regard to research our aim-commercial organisations as well as government departments. This is because it is highly relevant to many
Abstract - The presentation will summarize the arsenic research program at the Ground Water & Ecosystems Restoration Division of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory of USEPA. Topics include use of permeable reactive barriers for in situ arsenic remediation in ground...
Outcomes Research Branch A circular graphic depicts a conceptual model of ORB's mission, vision, and research areas. The mission portion of the graphic echoes and expands upon the text description that precedes the graphic; that is, ORB leads, coordinates,
"Publishing original, refereed papers, Health Education Research deals with all the vital issues involved in health education and promotion worldwide - providing a valuable link between the researcher and the results obtained by practising health educators and communicators."
Costas Fotakis, the Greek Alternate Minister for Research and Innovation, explains to Nature Materials how he plans to improve the country's research and innovation landscape under the constraints of austerity.
Handy, Todd C.
Transportation Management Research Collection / Karl Ruppenthal (collector) Compiled by Graham D;Collection Description Transportation Management Research Collection / Karl Ruppenthal (collector). 1946 in the UBC Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration and Director of the Centre for Transportation
Colborn, A P
Although many authors advocate research involvement for occupational therapists involved in clinical practice, no formal studies existed of the personal, educational, and workplace environmental factors though to affect therapists' ability to integrate clinical research with practice. This exploratory, descriptive study surveyed 103 occupational therapists reporting work functions of both direct patient care and research. Major findings included: (a) workplace learning circumstances focusing on performance and application of clinical research were important for adopting a dual practice-research role, (b) research activities reflected the evolving character of the role, (c) administrative support and a personal commitment to research were critical for success, and (d) formal research courses were important, but so were informal discussions regarding application and problem solving. The findings have implications for university curricula, continuing education, and clinical environments. PMID:8352328
The Environmental Research Laboratory - Corvallis is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's - national research center for terrestrial and watershed ecology, aquatic ecoregions, and for the ecological effects of climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and atmospheric p...
Traylor, T.D.; Pitsenbarger, J.
Biomass Energy Research announces on a bimonthly basis the current worldwide research and development (R&D) information available on biomass power systems, alternate feedstocks from biomass, and biofuels supply options.
Bryan, Lisa; Ibrahim, Tod; Fischer, Michael J.
Research funding from public and private sources has reached an all-time low. Economic conditions, sequestration, and a trend of low award success rates have created an imbalance between the supply of highly qualified research investigators and the availability of critically necessary research dollars. This grim environment continues to hinder the success of established investigators and deter potential investigators from joining the research workforce. Without action and support of innovative science, the future of the US health care system is in jeopardy, and its leadership role in medical research will decrease. This work discusses the effects of the decline in research funding, the plight of kidney research, and the impact of the American Society of Nephrology Grants Program on scientists. The ASN also calls on the entire nephrology community to rejuvenate the research environment, improve the lives of millions of people with kidney disease, and ultimately, find a cure. PMID:24652790
The field of agricultural education relies on multiple research journals to disseminate findings. This study focused on a 10-year content analysis of research published in premier journals in agricultural education. The study ascertained primary...
Animal Testing In Medical Research Past, present and future. Marte Thomassen Ellen Trolid Tonje Arondsen Marit Gystøl #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU Norges.............................................................................................................................. 2 2. ETHICS IN ANIMAL TESTING
a wiki which has been specifically created for Postgraduate Research Studies. This wiki is a useful source of information at all stages of your studies. www.wiki.ed.ac.uk/display/CMVMPGR Your research
Huberty, Carl J.
Addresses the use of subjective judgment in research that involves statistical/quantitative methods with regard to four aspects of quantitative research: (1) design; (2) preliminary analyses; (3) general analyses; and (4) specific analyses. (Contains 37 references.) (ASK)
Osborne, William; Paz, Robert; Ross, Michael; Kopp, Brian; Ashley, Norm
The New Mexico State University (NMSU) Center for Space Telemetering and Telecommunications systems is engaged in advanced communications systems research. Four areas of study that are being sponsored concern investigations into the use of trellis-coded modulation (TCM). In particular, two areas concentrate on carrier synchronization research in TCM M-ary phase shift key (MPSK) systems. A third research topic is the study of interference effects on TCM, while the fourth research area is in the field of concatenated TCM systems.
Mattingly, G. S.
The research relating to airborne fire fighting systems is reviewed to provide NASA/Langley Research Center with current information on the use of aircraft in forest fire operations, and to identify research requirements for future operations. A literature survey, interview of forest fire service personnel, analysis and synthesis of data from research reports and independent conclusions, and recommendations for future NASA-LRC programs are included.
This article is dedicated to an in-depth discussion of the theme community and the implications the multiple meanings of community hold for the field of qualitative research. This theme surfaced from Walderns 2003 study entitled Resistance to Research in Vancouvers Downtown Eastside, which dealt with participant resistance to joining research…
Research Councils UK Regenerative medicine #12;Regenerative medicine, the approach that seeks, is not a new discipline. Decades of RCUK-funded research has led to successes in the fields of tissue testing to make safer medicines. Success in this research field has also led to economic growth for the UK
Foreman-Peck, Lorraine; Murray, Jane
This article examines the relationship between action research and policy and the kind of confidence teachers, policy makers and other potential users may have in such research. Many published teacher action research accounts are criticised on the grounds that they do not fully meet the conventional standards for reporting social scientific…
NRMRL has research facilities at its headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio; and at its locations in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; Ada, Oklahoma; and Edison, New Jersey. NRMRL's Technology Coordination Staff, based in Washington, D.C., manages the Office of Research and Deve...
LANE, HARLAN, ED.; ZALE, E.M., ED.
RESEARCH PROJECTS IN PROGRESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN'S CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR ARE OUTLINED IN THIS REPORT. EACH PROJECT DESCRIPTION INCLUDES A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE PURPOSES, SCOPE, AND DESIGN OF THE RESEARCH, AS WELL AS AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORK ACTUALLY UNDERWAY. THE NAMES OF THE PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS ARE ALSO…
Frame, Kathy, Ed.; Hays, Rachel, Ed.; Mack, Alison, Ed.
This publication encourages student involvement in biological research through student research with the cooperation of teachers and scientists. The contents of the book are divided into two sections. The first section introduces students to research investigations and includes: (1) "How the Investigations Are Set Up and the Rationale Behind Their…
Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and of the EGRP-supported Principal Investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.
In this article I explore through a narrative how I came to do a research project in East New York. I show how first contact was established, how local contacts were made, and how trust between my research participants and me was created. I then explore how the research topic evolved through informal conversations, open-ended interviews, and…
Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and the EGRP-supported principal investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.
Schuller, Tom; Jochems, Wim; Moos, Lejf; van Zanten, Agnes
The EERJ roundtable took as its point of departure the experience of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) in carrying out policy research. CERI has conducted four reviews of national educational research and development (in New Zealand, England, Mexico and…
This pdf from the South Carolina Advanced Technological Education National Resource Center discusses a model for guided research to improve education for engineering and industrial technicians. The SC ATE Workplace Research Model provides a guide for interdisciplinary faculty, teacher and student teams to conduct workplace research and gain a better understanding of the technicianâ??s role in the workplace through industry site visits.
Rogers, Everett M.
In terms of its attention to research utilization, vocational rehabilitation today may be where agriculture was in 1913. One reason for this is an inadequate understanding of the process of research utilization. Scattered studies of research utilization have occurred, but suffer from a lack of integration. Among propositions that may be postulated…
Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and of the EGRP-supported Principal Investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.
Current basic and applied research projects for the control of stored-product pests being conducted at the Grain Marketing and Production Research Center will be presented. An overview of the Center and its mission, along with summaries of the research programs of the scientists in the Biological R...
Tsykanov, V.A.; Burukin, B.P.; Klinov, A.V.; Kuprienko, V.A.; Markin, S.A.; Pimenov, V.V.; Polivanov, I.F.; Semidotsky, I.I. [V.I. Lenin Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (Russian Federation)
Five research reactors are operated at the Research Institute of Atomic reactors. The highly enriched metalloceramic fuel elements are used in all of the reactors. Their safety problems are of common character. Reactor safety of the research reactors and safety analysis results are discussed.
This is the web page for the Materials Research Society, an organization of materials researchers from academia, industry, and government that promotes communication for the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life. The Society recognizes professional and technical excellence, conducts symposium tutorials, and encourages technical interaction among college students through University Chapters. Membership is required to access articles.
Dale, Virginia H.; Parr, Patricia D.
Seven sites are designated as Department of Energy (DOE) National Environmental Research Parks and serve as irreplaceable outdoor laboratories for scientific research and education. The DOE has recommended the disposal of nearly one- quarter of the research park land holdings. Offers suggestions for developing a plan for protecting the…
Describes a five-week English course in which pairs of students work collaboratively on team-building activities, library research, research-paper topic selection, outlining, paraphrasing and summarizing, and writing and editing a joint research paper. Presents the peer-evaluation techniques, which differentiate students' share of the work so that…
"The Alzheimer Research Forum is an independent nonprofit organization" of science and medical professionals dedicated to research and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The site includes up-to-date information in the form of news, papers of the week, journal article abstracts in advance, live discussions, and more. A wide variety of resources focus on many different aspects of Alzheimer's research.
Langley Research Center is engaged in the basic an applied research necessary for the advancement of aeronautics and space flight, generating advanced concepts for the accomplishment of related national goals, and provding research advice, technological support, and assistance to other NASA installations, other government agencies, and industry. Highlights of major accomplishments and applications are presented.
Dickens, Linda; Watkins, Karen
Explores both historical and contemporary definitions of action research. Describes the process and goals of action research in the tradition of Lewin. Presents a case study of an action-research project involving two teams in a high-technology corporation that depicts the process in action. (Author/CCM)
Holley, Catherine W.
This report describes a program to advance library research skills in two sixth grade science classes. The problem was assessed through a survey, questionnaire, and worksheet, and by direct observation. Analysis of probable cause data revealed that students displayed a lack of research skills related to library research. Some of the causes were…
The Quaternary Research Association explains that it "exists to promote understanding of the Quaternary Period by publishing field guides, technical guides, and an international journal as well as holding field meetings and speaker meetings." Students and researchers can discover employment, research, grant, meetings, and educational opportunities.
Babkie, A.M.; Provost, M.C.
With new laws and increased accountability for teachers, conducting research as a teacher-researcher in one's own classroom is one means by which teachers can help increase student success and also document effective interventions. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the responsibilities and roles of a teacher-researcher and…
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.
This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…
Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others
Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…
Manson, Spero M.
A brief review of the papers presented at the Symposium on Research and Evaluation Methodology highlights some of the major issues of research in Indian Country. There is a need to translate research results into terms that are meaningful at the local level, yet the act of doing this reveals tensions between scientific objectivity and advocacy.…
David L. Meabon; James W. Kelley; Dennis L. Jackson
During early 1991, a stratified, random sample of 327 undergraduate American colleges and universities were surveyed to determine if they were conducting market research on admitted undergraduate students. The survey returns demonstrate that over one-half of the respondents conduct some for of this research. Specific findings related to research methodologies, budgetary support and utilization of results are reviewed. A brief
This article examines the use of "mixed methods" research in education--studies that blend different research strategies. Although various methodologies have always been part of a researcher's toolkit, much of the renewed attention to that strategy is a reaction to the U.S. Department of Education's current emphasis on using randomized field…
Wollner, Clemens; Ginsborg, Jane; Williamon, Aaron
There is an increasing awareness of the importance of reflexivity across various disciplines, which encourages researchers to scrutinize their research perspectives. In order to contextualize and reflect upon research in music, this study explores the musical background, current level of musical engagement and the listening habits of music…
The mission of the Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory is to research and develop ecologically and economically sustainable range animal management systems that ultimately meet consumers needs. This report covers research conducted or summarized over the last three years to meet this ...
Describes personal experiences with university research and development. Criticizes university research as ineffective and inwardly focused, resulting in a concept of scientific research that negates the notion of economic development. Complains that the focus of study no longer contributes to an increase in consumable wealth. Urges that…
Site Classification (ESC) for climate change ESC has been developed both as a stand-based and spatialForest Research: Climate Change projects Forest Research is part of the Forestry Commission of climate change-related research is wide-ranging, covering impact assessment and monitoring, adaptation
and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research: · Respect for persons: Subjects voluntarily and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects Research," Belmont Conference Center April 18, 1979 #12 development standards · require review by ethics committee · set researcher responsibilities · set sponsor
Graduate STEM Research Fellowship Opportunity 2015-2016 Seeking talented individuals majoringin. The Virginia Space Grant Consortium provides Graduate Research Fellowships in the amount of $6,000 to supplement and enhance basic graduate support. Graduate Research Fellowships require that students
Langenberg, Donald N.
Some features of the American research university that might account for its success in facilitating research are suggested, and the philosophical foundations of the modern American research university and issues for the future are considered. The major universities of the United States have based their development during the 20th century on the…
Lewis, Harold S., Jr.
Three areas of concern in the ethics of legal research conducted by law school faculty are discussed: choosing the appropriate time to undertake academic research projects; selection of questions or issues to investigate; and ethical limits on research methods and means. (MSE)
GUNDERSON, DORIS V.
SOME COMMON FLAWS IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH DESIGN WERE ANALYZED ON THE BASIS OF A STUDY BY DR. GERALD SMITH OF 1,091 UNSUCCESSFUL RESEARCH PROPOSALS. THE FOLLOWING INADEQUACIES ARE DISCUSSED-- (1) THE LACK OF SPECIFICITY IN EVERY ASPECT OF THE RESEARCH DESIGN, (2) THE NON-DELIMITED PROBLEM, (3) THE LACK OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FROM WHICH TO…
The article discusses air pollution research at the U.S. EPA, and particularly AEERL's role in that research which, in some areas, predates the Agency's. EPA's engineering research programs are shifting from an initial focus on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide pollution control ...
Pearson, P. David, Ed.; And Others
Intended for reading educators and researchers, this handbook characterizes the current state of methodology and the cumulative research-based knowledge of reading. The book's three sections cover methodological issues, basic reading processes, and instructional practices. The 25 chapters discuss the following topics: (1) reading research history,…
This document contains four papers from a symposium on research issues in human resource development (HRD). "Data for HRD Research and the 1997 Human Performance Practices Survey" (Laurie J. Bassi, George S. Benson), describes two research projects undertaken by American Society for Training and Development (ASTD): publication of the "ASTD…
Fleming, Michael W.
National Research Council Canada Institute for Information Technology Conseil national de. October 14-15, 2004. pp. 79-88. NRC 47408. Copyright 2004 by National Research Council of Canada Information Scott Buffett, Nathan Scott, Bruce Spencer National Research Council Canada Institute
Self, Warren P.
Research on how students in a university composition class generate and use ideas not only yielded data on the process of invention, but also altered the structure of the course and the teacher-researcher's attitudes toward teaching writing. To facilitate the study of invention, researchers instituted several changes in the course format. They…
Gender Studies & Feminist Research The Graduate Program in Research Symposium | Winter 2012 MISS, and the Women's Centre of Hamilton SPACES BETWEEN US: GENDER, SEXUALITY, INDIGENEITY RESEARCH PANEL January 19'S) | With English & Cultural Studies February 7, 2012 | 7:30PM | CIBC Hall, MUSC 319 "Feminism, Neo
The RRP is responsible for NCI’s clinically-related extramural radiation research program. The RRP establishes priorities, allocates resources, and evaluates the effectiveness of such radiation research being conducted by NCI grantees. RRP staff represent the program at NCI management and scientific meetings and provide scientific support to leadership on matters related to radiation research.
Kanki, Barbara G.
A review is presented of the cockpit crew research work conducted at Ames Research Center including an overview of the problem areas of risk in the aviation environment. Attention is given to transportation fatalities, accident and incident reports, cockpit resource management, and current aircrew research.
de Gonzalez, Carmen Beatriz; Hernandez, Teresa; Kusch, Jim; Ryan, Charly
Planning contains so much more than the written plan. Early in 2000, an invitation came from the Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN), to people experienced in action research who might want to help plan and present an action research event for elementary school science teachers in Venezuela, South America, in Autumn 2000. This article…
Kostic, Milivoje M.
UARAP Undergraduate Artistry and Research Apprenticeship Program #12;March 8, 2013 Dear Colleagues of the college- wide Undergraduate Artistry and Research Apprenticeship Program (UARAP). Through this program UNDERGRADUATE ARTISTRY AND RESEARCH APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM This program is jointly sponsored by the College
2014 CENTC Undergraduate Summer Research Program Get practical experience in chemical sciences June in the chemical industry. Applications for the CENTC Undergraduate Summer Research Program are welcome from of Ottawa University of Rochester University of Wisconsin, Madison 2013 CENTC Undergraduate Summer Research
Undergraduate Research Fair 2015 #12;2 3rd Annual Undergraduate Research Fair (photo of collaboratory) #12;3 Best Lower-year Project With thanks for support from the Dr. James Wu Undergraduate;4 Best Upper-year Project With thanks for support from the Dr. James Wu Undergraduate Research Fund. 1st
Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-245 (English) August 2013-Cabán is a research economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive, Riverside, CA 92507. Papers were provided by the authors in camera-ready form
Various research and technology activities at Ames Moffett and Ames Dryden are described. Highlights of these accomplishments indicate the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1984. The research is divided into three subject areas, which are: Aeronautics, Life Science and Space Science and Applications.
Research Publications Report 2014 Compiled 13th February 2014 #12;Preface This annual Research Publications Report is now only a web-based publication which draws together for each calendar year staff publications, and citations of them, in preparation for the REF (Research Evaluation Framework
Research Publications Report 2011 Compiled 13th February 2014 #12;Preface This annual Research Publications Report is now only a web-based publication which draws together for each calendar year staff publications, and citations of them, in preparation for the REF (Research Evaluation Framework
Research Publications Report 2012 Compiled 13th February 2014 #12;Preface This annual Research Publications Report is now only a web-based publication which draws together for each calendar year staff publications, and citations of them, in preparation for the REF (Research Evaluation Framework
Check, Joseph; Schutt, Russell K.
"Research Methods in Education" introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves…
Field· Experiments NPS Research supports The Navy Office of the Dean of Research · Naval Postgraduate Sponsored Chairs and Professorships Navy Warfare Development· Command Chair for Warfare Innovation Chair increases combat effectiveness and operational efficiency of the Navy. NPS research directly supports
Mississippi State Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning, Jackson.
This document, mandated by the University Research Center Act of 1988, presents financial balance sheets listing receipts and disbursements of research funds for research activities being conducted at the eight state-supported universities in Mississippi: Alcorn State University; Delta State University; Jackson State University; Mississippi State…
Holmes, James F.; Link, H. Douglas
In this exercise students examine data on the racial distribution within the thirteen junior high schools of Fresno. Then upon discovering evidence of de facto segregation, students research, discuss, and present plans for desegregating the city junior high schools. (Author)
Bullis, Kevin (Kevin James)
Thomas Massie invented the Phantom, a computer peripheral for simulating the sense of touch, that became the de facto device for haptics research. The thesis recounts the story of Massie, his invention, and present and ...
GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY ANNUAL REPORT FY 1981 December 1981 Eugene J . Aubert and Development Environmental Research Laboratories Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 2300 Washtenaw Research Laboratories publication. #12;PREFACE The Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL
This paper provides a critical analysis of New Zealand's Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF). The first section sketches the development and implementation of the PBRF. The second section evaluates the scheme, concentrating on three themes: the relationship between privatization, competition and research performance; the standardization of research; and motivations for research. The paper acknowledges the thorough work completed by the Tertiary Education Advisory Commission and other policy groups in laying the foundation for the adoption of performance-based research funding in New Zealand. It is argued, however, that when viewed in its larger context, the PBRF constitutes a continuation of neoliberal trends already well established in New Zealand's tertiary education system.
Claydon, Leica Sarah
This article which forms part of the research series addresses scientific rigour in quantitative research. It explores the basis and use of quantitative research and the nature of scientific rigour. It examines how the reader may determine whether quantitative research results are accurate, the questions that should be asked to determine accuracy and the checklists that may be used in this process. Quantitative research has advantages in nursing, since it can provide numerical data to help answer questions encountered in everyday practice. PMID:26198528
Handschuh, Robert F.
An overview of the NASA Glenn Research Center Drive Systems Research will be presented. The primary purpose of this research is to improve performance, reliability, and integrity of aerospace drive systems and space mechanisms. The research is conducted through a combination of in-house, academia, and through contractors. Research is conducted through computer code development and validated through component and system testing. The drive system activity currently has four major thrust areas including: thermal behavior of high speed gearing, health and usage monitoring, advanced components, and space mechanisms.
Spinks, Debra (compiler)
This report contains the 1989 annual progress reports of the Research Fellows of the Center for Turbulence Research. It is intended as a year end report to NASA, Ames Research Center which supports this group through core funding and by making available physical and intellectual resources. The Center for Turbulence Research is devoted to the fundamental study of turbulent flows; its objectives are to simulate advances in the physical understanding of turbulence, in turbulence modeling and simulation, and in turbulence control. The reports appearing in the following pages are grouped in the general areas of modeling, experimental research, theory, simulation and numerical methods, and compressible and reacting flows.
Chevalier, H. L. (compiler); Bouse, L. F. (compiler)
A compilation of papers, comments, and results is provided during a workshop session. The purpose of the workshop was to review and evaluate the current state of the art of agricultural aviation, to identify and rank potentially productive short and long range research and development areas, and to strengthen communications between research scientists and engineers involved in agricultural research. Approximately 71 individuals actively engaged in agricultural aviation research were invited to participate in the workshop. These were persons familiar with problems related to agricultural aviation and processing expertise which are of value for identifying and proposing beneficial research.
Salois, Emily Matt; Holkup, Patricia A; Tripp-Reimer, Toni; Weinert, Clarann
Conducting research with Native American communities poses special challenges from misunderstandings that may arise from the interface of differing cultural worldviews held by the scientific and the Native communities. Although the community-based participatory research approach shows promise for conducting research that can maximize benefits and minimize the risks of harm to Native American people, there is little information related to the practical implementation of culturally appropriate research practices when working with Native American communities. Drawing on the authors' research with three Native American communities in the Northwest, this article describes culturally appropriate processes for engaging Native American communities. The first section identifies and describes the principles that provide the foundation for the authors' research activity as a spiritual covenant and guides the authors' research with the three communities. The second section describes the project phase matrix that was used to organize the approaches employed in this work. PMID:16829635
Zucchiatti, Alessandro [Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales CMAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, c/ Faraday 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
The Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales (CMAM) is a research centre of the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid dedicated to the modification and analysis of materials using ion beam techniques. The infrastructure, based on a HVEE 5MV tandem accelerator, provided with a coaxial Cockcroft Walton charging system, is fully open to research groups of the UAM, to other public research institutions and to private enterprises. The CMAM research covers a few important lines such as advanced materials, surface science, biomedical materials, cultural heritage, materials for energy production. The Centre gives as well support to university teaching and technical training. A detail description of the research infrastructures and their use statistics will be given. Some of the main research results will be presented to show the progress of research in the Centre in the past few years and to motivate the strategic plans for the forthcoming.
Salois, Emily Matt; Holkup, Patricia A.; Tripp-Reimer, Toni; Weinert, Clarann
Conducting research with Native American communities poses special challenges from misunderstandings that may arise from the interface of differing cultural worldviews held by the scientific and the Native communities. Although the community-based participatory research approach shows promise for conducting research that can maximize benefits and minimize the risks of harm to Native American people, there is little information related to the practical implementation of culturally appropriate research practices when working with Native American communities. Drawing on the authors' research with three Native American communities in the Northwest, this article describes culturally appropriate processes for engaging Native American communities. The first section identifies and describes the principles that provide the foundation for the authors' research activity as a spiritual covenant and guides the authors' research with the three communities. The second section describes the project phase matrix that was used to organize the approaches employed in this work. PMID:16829635
Located on the campus of the University of Chicago, the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) provides objective research for its clients and the general public interest in areas ranging from housing to drug abuse. On the NORC website, visitors can learn about its newest survey and research efforts, such as the Illinois Health Curriculum Study and the Residential Energy Consumption Survey. Moving on to the Research Departments area of the site, visitors can look at the work of these research units, which includes reports culled from their different research initiatives. Additionally, interested parties will want to look at the websites of NORC's four academic centers, which include the Center on Demography and Economics and the Population Research Center. The site also features information about career opportunities for those persons interested in working at NORC.
The Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales (CMAM) is a research centre of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid dedicated to the modification and analysis of materials using ion beam techniques. The infrastructure, based on a HVEE 5MV tandem accelerator, provided with a coaxial Cockcroft Walton charging system, is fully open to research groups of the UAM, to other public research institutions and to private enterprises. The CMAM research covers a few important lines such as advanced materials, surface science, biomedical materials, cultural heritage, materials for energy production. The Centre gives as well support to university teaching and technical training. A detail description of the research infrastructures and their use statistics will be given. Some of the main research results will be presented to show the progress of research in the Centre in the past few years and to motivate the strategic plans for the forthcoming.
The NASA Lewis Research Center's research and technology accomplishments for fiscal year 1985 are summarized. The report is organized into five major sections covering aeronautics, aerospace technology, spaceflight systems, space station systems, and computational technology support. This organization of the report roughly parallels the organization of the Center into directorates. Where appropriate, subheadings are used to identify special topics under the major headings. Results of all research and technology work performed during the fiscal year are contained in Lewis-published technical reports and presentations prepared either by Lewis scientists and engineers or by contractor personnel. In addition, significant results are presented by university faculty or graduate students in technical sessions and in journals of the technical societies. For the reader who desires more information about a particular subject, the Lewis contact will provide that information or references. In 1985, five Lewis products were selected by Research and Development Magazine for IR-100 awards. All are described and identified. In addition, the Lewis Distinguished Paper for 1984 to 1985, which was selected by the Chief Scientist and a research advisory board, is included and so identified.