Note: This page contains sample records for the topic ex-post facto research from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

An Ex Post Facto Study Exploring the Impact of Parental Level of Education and Parental Support on First-Year College Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the impact that parental levels of education and parental support have on college adjustment for first-year students. An ex post facto design was used to examine parental level of education and parental support as variables. Parental level of education is a categorical variable based on report from the student. Parental support…

Huntley, Kristy M.

2011-01-01

2

Development of a Framework for Ex Post Facto Evaluation of Highway Project Costs in Indiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers and engineers continue to ponder over the reliability of construction cost forecasts made at the early stages of project development. After a project has been incorporated in the statewide transportation improvement program, increasingly detailed estimates of its cost are prepared at the remaining stages of project development, namely, design estimate, engineer’s estimate, and bid estimate. The accuracy of such

Abhishek Bhargava; Samuel Labi; Kumares C. Sinha

2010-01-01

3

Problems of Control in Non-Experimental Educational Research. Research and Information Report 75-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An expansion is made of P. E. Meehl's observations on nuisance variables and the ex post facto research design. Implications these observations have for educational research design are discussed. Meehle (1970) considered that suggested resolutions of problems in "not truly experimental" (NTE) research (i.e., matching, partial correlation, and…

Maguire, Thomas O.; Haig, Brian D.

4

Academic Staff Research Productivity: A Study of Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined academic staff research productivity in Universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. Ex post facto design was adopted for this study. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. The sample size comprised of 480 academic staff drawn from a population of 3120. Data collection was carried out using a…

Usang, Bassey; Basil, Akuegwu; Lucy, Udida; Udey, Franca U.

2007-01-01

5

Getting Incentives Right: do we need ex post CBA?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper, presented at the Sixth European Conference on Evaluation of Cohesion Policy (Warsaw, 30 November-1 December 2009), discusses why there is a strong need of ex-post Cost-Benefit analysis and which conditions should be met for a proper ex-post exercise to be carried out in the framework of Cohesion Policy major projects. After an introduction about the objectives and instruments

Massimo Florio; Davide Sartori

2010-01-01

6

Patents versus ex post rewards: A new look  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic studies that aim at comparing the patent system social efficiency versus an ex post reward system rest on an outdated view of patents. They assume that firms use the patent system only in order to be granted a short-term commercial monopoly rent. This assumption is convenient because it allows straightforward comparisons between patents and rewards but it is not

Julien Penin

2005-01-01

7

Ex post damage assessment: an Italian experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, awareness of a need for more effective disaster data collection, storage, and sharing of analyses has developed in many parts of the world. In line with this advance, Italian local authorities have expressed the need for enhanced methods and procedures for post-event damage assessment in order to obtain data that can serve numerous purposes: to create a reliable and consistent database on the basis of which damage models can be defined or validated; and to supply a comprehensive scenario of flooding impacts according to which priorities can be identified during the emergency and recovery phase, and the compensation due to citizens from insurers or local authorities can be established. This paper studies this context, and describes ongoing activities in the Umbria and Sicily regions of Italy intended to identifying new tools and procedures for flood damage data surveys and storage in the aftermath of floods. In the first part of the paper, the current procedures for data gathering in Italy are analysed. The analysis shows that the available knowledge does not enable the definition or validation of damage curves, as information is poor, fragmented, and inconsistent. A new procedure for data collection and storage is therefore proposed. The entire analysis was carried out at a local level for the residential and commercial sectors only. The objective of the next steps for the research in the short term will be (i) to extend the procedure to other types of damage, and (ii) to make the procedure operational with the Italian Civil Protection system. The long-term aim is to develop specific depth-damage curves for Italian contexts.

Molinari, D.; Menoni, S.; Aronica, G. T.; Ballio, F.; Berni, N.; Pandolfo, C.; Stelluti, M.; Minucci, G.

2014-04-01

8

Ex post analysis of flood control: Benefit-cost analysis and the value of information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two analytical tools which aid decision making flood control design, ex post benefit-cost analysis and the ex post value of information, are presented for the case study of Rushford, Minnesota. The ex post analysis is conducted using a coincident frequency analysis which provides a more accurate description of discharge rates and flood levels. The ex post benefit-cost analysis shows that the Corps of Engineers substantially underestimated the value of potential property damage. The ex post value of information model provides an analysis of the project sensitivity to stream discharge. In addition, the optimum project size is determined under risk of project destruction. The results illustrate that net benefits are sensitive to changes in discharge information but less sensitive to project size and the risk of project destruction. This leads us to recommend more sensitivity analyses on information structures, project size, and the probability of project destruction in ex ante benefit-cost analysis.

Ramirez, Jorge; Adamowicz, Wiktor L.; Easter, K. William; Graham-Tomasi, Theodore

1988-08-01

9

Application of a liquid chromatography detector to time-resolved RYDMR spectroscopy: a comparison of in situ and ex post facto measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A photodiode-array (PDA) UV-VIS detector for liquid chromatography is applied to time-resolved reaction yield detected magnetic resonance (RYDMR) measurements. The results derived from the yields of cage and escape products in the photoreaction of 2-methyl-1, 4-naphtnoquinone in a sodium dodecylsulfate micelle are found to be identical with those derived from the yield of escaping semiquinone radical detected by transient optical absorption. This implies practical linearity between the yields of escaping radicals and escape products. High sensitivity of the PDA detector enables application of escape product yields for kinetic analysis by reducing microwave-induced perturbation.

Sakaguchi, Yoshio

2001-09-01

10

A Descriptive, Ex Post Facto Study of the Leadership Behaviors of Three Southern California Elementary School Principals in High-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose was to identify whether the principals in three Southern California schools that have sustained API scores of at least 900 and state and similar schools ranking of a 10 for three or more consecutive years, demonstrate the eleven behaviors outlined by Marzano, Waters, and McNulty, in successfully achieving second-order change.…

Nagy, Amy L.

2011-01-01

11

Libby Dam Project: an ex-post facto analysis of selected environmental impacts, mitigation commitments, recreation usage and hydroelectric power production. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Water impoundment projects generally impact the river below the dam. Frequently the construction contract provides for mitigation of adverse impacts. The Libby Project, authorized primarily for hydro-electric power generation and flood control and to provide navigation and recreation as secondary benefits, caused the inundation of a big-game winter range, the relocation of a railroad and a highway in addition to damming a river. The Army Corps of Engineers in cooperation with the Montana Department of Fish and Game and others engaged in a number of wildlife mitigation projects.

Ciliberti, V.A. Jr.

1980-04-01

12

Explaining Michigan: Developing an Ex Post Theory of a Quality Improvement Program  

PubMed Central

Context: Understanding how and why programs work—not simply whether they work—is crucial. Good theory is indispensable to advancing the science of improvement. We argue for the usefulness of ex post theorization of programs. Methods: We propose an approach, located within the broad family of theory-oriented methods, for developing ex post theories of interventional programs. We use this approach to develop an ex post theory of the Michigan Intensive Care Unit (ICU) project, which attracted international attention by successfully reducing rates of central venous catheter bloodstream infections (CVC-BSIs). The procedure used to develop the ex post theory was (1) identify program leaders’ initial theory of change and learning from running the program; (2) enhance this with new information in the form of theoretical contributions from social scientists; (3) synthesize prior and new information to produce an updated theory. Findings: The Michigan project achieved its effects by (1) generating isomorphic pressures for ICUs to join the program and conform to its requirements; (2) creating a densely networked community with strong horizontal links that exerted normative pressures on members; (3) reframing CVC-BSIs as a social problem and addressing it through a professional movement combining “grassroots” features with a vertically integrating program structure; (4) using several interventions that functioned in different ways to shape a culture of commitment to doing better in practice; (5) harnessing data on infection rates as a disciplinary force; and (6) using “hard edges.” Conclusions: Updating program theory in the light of experience from program implementation is essential to improving programs’ generalizability and transferability, although it is not a substitute for concurrent evaluative fieldwork. Future iterations of programs based on the Michigan project, and improvement science more generally, may benefit from the updated theory present here.

Dixon-Woods, Mary; Bosk, Charles L; Aveling, Emma Louise; Goeschel, Christine A; Pronovost, Peter J

2011-01-01

13

Influences on standards adoption in de facto standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the IT industry, de facto standards emerge from standards competition as firms offer incompatible technologies, and user choices determine the outcome of the\\u000a competition. The standards literature suggests that strong network effects create a bias toward a standard with a large installed\\u000a base, leading to a winner-take-all outcome. More recently, several researchers have revealed that the dynamics of standardization

Angsana A. Techatassanasoontorn; Shuguang Suo

14

The Ex-Post Evaluation of the Minimum Local Reliability Level: An Enhanced Probabilistic Location Set Covering Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the behavior of three probabilistic location set covering models we propose a new method that allows the ex-post measurement of the so called “minimum local reliability level”, both under the independence and under the dependence assumption. We show experimentally, by means of a set of test problems, that the proposed loss-system version of Ball and Lin's

Fernando Borrás; Jesús T. Pastor

2002-01-01

15

Willingness to pay for a Green Energy program: A comparison of ex-ante and ex-post hypothetical bias mitigation approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most persistently troubling empirical result in the contingent valuation method literature is the tendency for hypothetical willingness to pay to overestimate real willingness to pay. Two approaches, ex-ante and ex-post, have been developed to mitigate or eliminate the overstatement of hypothetical willingness to pay. The ex-ante approach addresses hypothetical bias in the survey design stage while the ex-post approach

John C. Whitehead; Todd L. Cherry

2007-01-01

16

Catastrophic events leading to de facto limits on liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study conducts an overview of large technological systems in society to ascertain prevalence, if any, of situations that can lead to catastrophic effects where the resultant liabilities far exceed the insurances or assets subject to suit in court, thereby imposing de facto limits on liability. Several potential situations are examined: dam rupture, aircraft crash into a sports stadium, chemical

K. A. Solomon; D. Okrent

1977-01-01

17

47 CFR 1.9030 - Long-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Long-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements. 1.9030 Section 1...GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9030 Long-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements. (a)...

2009-10-01

18

Can de facto dosing practices bridge the knowledge gap in pediatric medication recommendations?  

PubMed

A knowledge gap exists in pediatric medication dosing recommendations due in part to the complexity of researching medication efficacy and safety in children. One possible resource resides in the electronic prescribing practices of pediatric clinicians. In this study, de facto pediatric weight-based levothyroxine dosing practices were studied as a potential source for pediatric medication clinical decision support. This was accomplished by extracting physical exam and prescription details from a well-used clinical data warehouse to calculate weight-based dosing practices, and comparing the results with established medication recommendations. Of the 854 prescriptions, 85.2% were under the recommended range, 9.37% were within the range and 5.39% were over the range. Thus, real world prescribing practices may differ from recommendations. Such information may be a valuable resource in pediatric clinical decision support, particularly where practice differs from recommendations, and can help close the knowledge gap where pediatric medication dosing information is sparse or unavailable. PMID:20351920

Scheufele, Elisabeth L; Dubey, Anil

2009-01-01

19

Glen Canyon Dam beach/habitat-building test flow: An `ex post` analysis of hydropower cost. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A 7-day controlled flood was conducted in late March and early April of 1996 for research purposes. This short-duration high release was designed to rebuild high elevation sandbars, deposit nutrients, restore backwater channels, and provide some of the dynamics of a natural system. The goal was to test hypotheses about sediment movements and the response of aquatic and terrestial habitats to flood events. This report describes the resultant economic and financial impact of the test flow on the hydropower system. There were two sources of economic and financial impact associated with the beach/habitat-building test flow--changes in the timing and amount of hydropower produced and the costs of the research. The purpose of this report is to describe the economic and financial impacts on the hydropower system.

Harpman, D.A.

1997-04-01

20

A multi-centre collaborative study on the potency estimation of ReFacto.  

PubMed

Seven laboratories estimated factor VIII coagulant activity in recombinant B-domain-deleted (ReFacto) and plasma-derived FVIII concentrates (Octonativ-M) using chromogenic methods relative to the WHO 6th International Standard FVIII Concentrate (WHO 6th IS), European Pharmacopoeia BRP#2 (EP#2) and the ReFacto Laboratory Standard (RLS). Significantly higher estimates were obtained for all batches of product when calculated relative to the RLS in comparison with estimates vs WHO 6th IS and EP#2. Mean estimates for two batches of ReFacto product vs the RLS were within 10% of the labelled potency whereas estimates vs WHO 6th IS and EP#2 ranged from 21 to 31% lower than the label. Conversely, mean estimates for Octonativ-M relative to WHO 6th IS and EP#2 were within 10% of the label whereas the mean estimate vs RLS was 117% of label. Mean estimates for the ReFacto product, vs the WHO 6th IS and EP#2, varied considerably between the different chromogenic kits whereas estimates vs the RLS showed good agreement between kits. Mean estimates for the RLS vs the WHO 6th IS (8.10 IU/vial) and the EP#2 (7.66 IU/vial) were lower than the assigned value of 9.4 IU/vial. The results are consistent with ReFacto and full-length FVIII responding differently to variations in assay methodology and also indicate that the assigned value on the RLS may be too high. Since this study the unitage on the RLS has been adjusted to effectively increase the amount of ReFacto in the product by 20%. PMID:14652641

Hubbard, Anthony R; Sands, Dawn; Sandberg, Eva; Seitz, Rainer; Barrowcliffe, Trevor W

2003-12-01

21

The DeFacto State of General Education in Michigan Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted of the fall 1989 course offerings at Michigan's 29 community colleges in order to determine the de facto condition of general education within community colleges. Modeled after the basic approach taken by the Center for the Study of Community Colleges (Los Angeles, California), course offerings were divided into the following…

Raisman, Neal A.

22

IP and telecommunication integration: de jure and de facto standards have entered a new era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The remarkable growth of the Internet draws the attention of de jure and de facto standardization organizations which used to have few activities on IP technology. This article provides the new trends in standards\\/specifications of such organizations-including ITU-T, ATM-F, DAVIC, TIPHON, and others-on IP-related technologies. These organizations primarily focus on IP and telecommunication integration. IP technology itself is still the

Koichi Asatani

1999-01-01

23

‘De facto’ privatisation of education and the poor: implications of a study from sub?Saharan Africa and India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three types of privatisation are identified—involving demand?side financing, reforms to the educational supply?side and de facto privatisation, where responsibilities are transferred to the private sector, through the rapid growth of private schools, rather than through reform or legislation. Although de facto privatisation may arise because of parental dissatisfaction with state education, it is perceived as undesirable in the literature. Findings

James Tooley; Pauline Dixon

2006-01-01

24

Factor VIII recovery after a single infusion of recalibrated ReFacto in 14 severe haemophilia A patients.  

PubMed

A recent multicentre collaborative study showed higher estimates of ReFacto potency when assayed with ReFacto Laboratory Standard(TM) (RLS) in comparison when standards consisting of full-length factor VIII (FVIII) were used. The RLS was hence recalibrated, leading to a 20% increase in the amount of ReFacto per vial without change in the labelled potency. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incremental and in vivo recovery of the recalibrated ReFacto in patients with severe haemophilia A. Fourteen male severe haemophilia A patients (FVIII < 1 IU dL(-1)) with a cumulative previous exposure days to any FVIII product >150 were administered an intravenous infusion 50 +/- 5 IU kg(-1) of ReFacto over a 5-min period. Blood samples were collected before infusion and after 15, 30 and 60 min. FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) was assessed in a central laboratory by the chromogenic substrate assay. After ReFacto infusion, peak FVIII:C was obtained within 15 min for 10 patients and within 30 min for the remaining four. Mean FVIII:C at peak was 117.7 +/- 17.3 IU dL(-1). Mean incremental recovery was 2.22 +/- 0.27 IU dL(-1) per IU kg(-1) while mean in vivo recovery was 105.9 +/- 14.6%. One patient reported three mild adverse events rated as 'unrelated' to the study drug. FVIII recovery after recalibrated ReFacto infusion falls within the expected range and is similar to the values reported for other FVIII concentrates. PMID:17610548

Lambert, T; Guérois, C; Gay, V; Stieltjes, N; Bertrand, M-A; Derlon, A; Sigaud, M; Hassoun, A; Négrier, C; Coatmelec, B; Dreyfus, M; Dubanchet, A

2007-07-01

25

In vitro evaluation of B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto) stability during simulated continuous infusion administration.  

PubMed

The administration of factor VIII (FVIII) by continuous infusion (CI) to manage severe haemorrhage or during major surgery appears pharmacokinetically and economically favourable when compared with intermittent bolus infusions. Successful clinical use of FVIII delivered by CI, however, requires a thorough assessment of product stability under conditions encountered during CI such as prolonged exposure to the delivery devices at ambient temperature and the low FVIII concentrations. This investigation has identified conditions under which ReFacto, a recombinant human B-domain deleted FVIII, can be successfully delivered under dilute conditions when using large volume parenteral polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bags without the addition of stabilizers or as an undiluted preparation delivered by ambulatory infusion pumps. ReFacto is stable for 36 h when stored in large volume parenteral PVC reservoirs at 3 and 8 IU mL(-1) or 72 h when delivered undiluted at 62 IU mL(-1) by CADD infusion pumps. The greatest concern with the delivery of ReFacto by CI is adsorptive losses to the contact surfaces of the delivery system. There was no significant binding of ReFacto to the PVC reservoirs overtime; however, there was appreciable binding to the administration set under certain conditions. The binding was influenced by the ionic strength of the solution, residence time in the tubing and protein concentration. The recovery and stability profile of ReFacto under certain conditions appears favourable when compared with that of full-length recombinant FVIII products, observed by other investigators. PMID:16011582

Neidhardt, E; Koval, R; Burke, E; Warne, N

2005-07-01

26

Performance of recalibrated ReFacto laboratory standard in the measurement of FVIII plasma concentration via the chromogenic and one-stage assays after infusion of recalibrated ReFacto (B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII).  

PubMed

The use of ReFacto Laboratory Standard (RLS) in the one-stage clotting assay was proposed to reduce the underestimation of factor VIII (FVIII) plasma concentration after the infusion of 'ReFacto' (B-domain deleted recombinant FVIII) in haemophilia A patients. Both ReFacto and RLS were recently recalibrated, with the resulting materials containing approximately 20% more protein than the previous products. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of recalibrated RLS in the measurement of FVIII plasma concentration after the infusion of recalibrated ReFacto. In 13 severe haemophilia A patients, 25 IU kg(-1) of ReFacto were injected intravenously. Venous blood samples were collected at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 9, 24, 28 and 32 h after the end of the infusion. Pharmacokinetic parameters were measured for the chromogenic and one-stage assays using International Plasma Standard (IPS) and RLS for both assays and assuming a non-compartmental drug disposition. Comparisons among assays and standards were performed using anova. Pharmacokinetic estimates obtained with the chromogenic method were in agreement with those published in the literature. The one-stage method was confirmed to be more sensitive to lower plasma concentrations of FVIII. The measured maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) was slightly higher than theoretical values and independent of the assay used. C(max), area under the curve (AUC) and volume of distribution at steady state (V(ss)) presented non-significant differences among the methods and standards used. The clinical utility of RLS in the evaluation of FVIII concentration after the infusion of ReFacto seems to be reduced since recalibration of the product. PMID:19298379

Santoro, C; Iorio, A; Ferrante, F; Pallotta, A; Pignoloni, P; Biondo, F; Agnelli, G; Mazzucconi, M G

2009-05-01

27

The use of the new ReFacto AF Laboratory Standard allows reliable measurement of FVIII:C levels in ReFacto AF mock plasma samples by a one-stage clotting assay.  

PubMed

Factor VIII coagulant (FVIII:C) levels measured in patients receiving ReFacto® (B-domain-deleted recombinant FVIII) using chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) and one-stage clotting assay (OSA) have frequently shown discrepancies, and the use of the ReFacto Laboratory Standard (RLS) has therefore been recommended to minimize these differences. The potency of ReFacto AF®, the albumin-free successor of ReFacto®, is determined using CSA for the titration of vials, and a new standard (RLS-AF) was developed to measure its biological efficacy using OSA. This multicentre study therefore evaluated the efficacy of this new RLS in minimizing differences between OSA and CSA when measuring FVIII:C levels in plasma. Mock plasma samples were prepared by diluting ReFacto AF® in FVIII-deficient plasma to obtain four concentrations ranging from 15 to 90 IU dL?¹ . FVIII:C levels were then measured in six laboratories on four separate days using three different procedures, i.e. OSA with a plasma standard (PS) as reference, OSA with RLS-AF and CSA with PS. The inter-centre standard deviation ranged from 1.4 to 5.5 IU dL?¹. However, FVIII:C levels measured with OSA were closer to the expected values when RLS-AF was used. In addition, the uncertainty of measurement, reflecting the inter-method discrepancy was greatly reduced when RLS-AF was employed in OSA (15%) in place of PS (33%). This study demonstrates that the OSA performed with RLS-AF to establish calibration curves provides a valuable alternative to CSA to measure FVIII:C in ReFacto-AF-treated patients. PMID:21457408

Pouplard, C; Caron, C; Aillaud, M F; Ternisien, C; Desconclois, C; Dubanchet, A; Sobas, F

2011-09-01

28

South Africa's Education Legislation, Quasi-Markets and "De Facto" School Choice. Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School choice is often identified with right-leaning, voucher-happy, market-oriented public school systems like those found in the United States. Thus the proposition that a social democratic state such as South Africa will offer many primary and secondary school learners far greater choice strikes many as counter-intuitive and implausible. The…

Woolman, Stuart; Fleisch, Brahm

2006-01-01

29

Analysis of samples from patients treated with ReFacto for the presence of anti-SQ-peptide specific antibodies.  

PubMed

ReFacto lacks the major part of the B-domain, except for 14 amino acid residues from the N-terminal and C-terminal ends, which are linked into a 14 amino acid SQ-peptide tail in the C-terminal end of the 90 kD heavy chain, thereby introducing a new peptide sequence in the factor VIII (FVIII) molecule. Therefore, samples from some of the patients enrolled in the ReFacto clinical trials were analyzed for the emergence of anti-SQ-peptide antibodies in addition to determinations for inhibitors by Bethesda assay and for anti-FVIII antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). An anti-peptide ELISA was developed using six partially overlapping 15-16 mer peptides covering the SQ-linker region. Results from ReFacto-treated anti-FVIII antibody-positive or -negative patients were compared with those for normal healthy adults and patients treated with other FVIII products. The pattern was compared with that for SQ-peptide specific monoclonal antibodies, each recognizing three or four overlapping SQ-peptides. Antibodies recognizing mainly one of the SQ-peptides were found in samples in some individuals from all investigated groups. This means that the anti-SQ reactivity found in patients treated with ReFacto is not induced by the SQ-sequence of the molecule but rather by some other agent, giving rise to antibodies cross-reactive with SQ-peptides. PMID:12098092

Wikén, Margareta; Sjöberg, Katarina

2002-06-01

30

The Educational Function of an Astronomy Research Experience for Undergraduates Program as Described by Female Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women in the field of astronomy. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. Four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants’ knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self,” were limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.

Slater, Stephanie

2010-01-01

31

Relative Contributions of Selected Teachers' Variables and Students' Attitudes toward Academic Achievement in Biology among Senior Secondary School Students in Ondo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relative contributions of selected teachers' variables and students' attitude towards academic achievement in biology among senior secondary schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. It involved descriptive survey research and ex-post facto research designs. The sample, 360 respondents which consists of 180 biology teachers and…

Gbore, L. O.; Daramola, C. A.

2013-01-01

32

School Factors That Promote Academic Resilience in Urban Latino High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative study was to examine the relationship between the academic optimism of schools and academic resilience in urban Latino high school students attending those schools. This study sought to address three research ideas. First, it was hypothesized that, consistent with previous research, student achievement is related to the level of academic optimism of

Christine Michelle Fallon

2010-01-01

33

Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

Gabriel, KASA, M.

2012-10-01

34

Successful use of ReFacto continuous infusion in two paediatric patients with severe haemophilia A undergoing orthopaedic surgery.  

PubMed

In this report we describe the successful use of B-domain-deleted recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto) administered by continuous infusion during orthopaedic procedures in two children with severe haemophilia A. Both patients underwent ankle synovectomy and in patient 2, a medial patello-femoral ligament repair was performed in the same operative session. Patient 2 developed septic arthritis A in his knee joint and arthroscopic joint irrigation and debridement was performed 2 weeks after the initial procedure. Surgical cover was initiated with a bolus dose of ReFacto 50 IU kg(-1) followed by continuous infusion at 3.3-4.8 IU kg(-1) h(-1) which was maintained for up to 9 days postoperatively. Patient 2 received an additional bolus dose of 15 IU kg(-1) during the infusion period. All procedures were performed without haemostatic complications and long-term orthopaedic outcomes were good in both patients. PMID:15357792

Sennett, M M; de Alarcón, P A

2004-09-01

35

ReFacto? and Advate? 2 : a single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain- deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-de- tergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been

M. P. SMITH; R. KLAMROTH; P. M. MANNUCCI; C. KOLLMER; J. FEINGOLD; C. KESSLER; H. POLLMANN; M. MORFINI; C. UDATA; C. ROTHSCHILD; C. HERMANS; R. JANCO

2007-01-01

36

Factors of Role Conflict among Livestock Extension Professionals in Andhra Pradesh, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To know the factors of role conflict among livestock extension professionals in Andhra Pradesh, India. Study was conducted following ex-post facto research design. Data were collected from 180 respondents through survey questionnaires. The data were subjected to multiple regression and path analyses to know the factors of role conflict.…

Sasidhar, P. V. K.; Rao, B. Sudhakar; Sreeramulu, Piedy

2008-01-01

37

The effects of integrated mathematics\\/science curriculum and instruction on mathematics achievement and student attitudes in grade six  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether integrating mathematics and science curriculum and teaching practices significantly improves achievement in mathematics and attitudes towards mathematics among sixth grade students in South Texas. The study was conducted during the 2001--2002 school year. A causal-comparative ex post facto research design was used to explore the effects of integrated mathematics and science

Mary Denise Hill

2002-01-01

38

The effects of modeling instruction on high school physics academic achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore whether Modeling Instruction, compared to traditional lecturing, is an effective instructional method to promote academic achievement in selected high school physics classes at a rural middle Tennessee high school. This study used an ex post facto , quasi-experimental research methodology. The independent variables in this study were the instructional methods of teaching.

Tiffanie L Wright

2012-01-01

39

The Effects of Block Scheduling on High School Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of block scheduling on high school student achievement in mathematics and reading was investigated in this study through the use of an ex post-facto, longitudinal research design. Specifically, student scores from 9th and 11th-grade standardized tests were matched and sorted by junior high and high school attended. Outcome measures…

Lewis, Chance W.; Dugan, James J.; Winokur, Marc A.; Cobb, Brian R.

2005-01-01

40

Mode of Entry as a Predictor of Success in Final Year Bachelor of Education Degree Examinations in Universities in Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the mode of entry as a predictor of success in final year bachelor of education degree examinations in universities in Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria. As an ex-post facto and correlational research, the study population comprised all the 1810 final year 400 level students in the two universities offering education courses,…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2009-01-01

41

A Descriptive Study Comparing GPA, Retention and Graduation of First-Time, Full-Time, Provisionally Admitted First-Generation College Students and Their Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study used ex post facto data to analyze possible relationships between a discrete set of independent variables and academic achievement among provisionally admitted students at a public, four-year historically black university located in the mid-Atlantic United States. The independent variables were first-generation…

Lodhavia, Rajalakshmi

2009-01-01

42

How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…

Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam

2013-01-01

43

Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Barriers in Career Decision Making among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored differences between career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and career barriers of students enrolled in applied technology programs compared to those enrolled in college transfer. Participants in the ex post facto cross-sectional survey included 787 students at a community college. The following research questions were…

Kelly, Rosemary R.; Hatcher, Tim

2013-01-01

44

The Difference in the Academic Achievement of Hispanic High School Students Based on the Theme of the Small Learning Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to describe the difference in the academic achievement of urban Hispanic high school students based on the small learning community theme. The study used a quantitative method of ex post facto research to examine how the academic achievement of Hispanic high school students differs across the themes of small…

Martinez, Beate M. Winter

2010-01-01

45

Reduced Admissions for Acute Myocardial Infarction Associated with a Public Smoking Ban: Matched Controlled Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no research linking implementation of a public smoking ban and reduced incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among nonsmoking patients. An ex post facto matched control group study was conducted to determine whether there was a change in hospital admissions for AMI among nonsmoking patients after a public smoking ban was implemented in Monroe County compared with

Dong-Chul Seo; MOHAMMAD R. TORABI

2007-01-01

46

ReFacto and Advate: a single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A.  

PubMed

ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain-deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-detergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been previously examined in this manner. The primary objective of this study was to compare the PKs of ReFacto with those of Advate in patients with severe haemophilia A. This was a third-party unblinded, randomized, multicentre, two-period crossover PKs study of ReFacto and Advate in subjects with severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C < or =1%). Blood samples were collected over a 48-h period after i.v. administration of each of the FVIII products. FVIII:C was determined using the chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) in a central laboratory. The plasma FVIII:C PK parameters of ReFacto and Advate were determined using non-compartmental analysis. Bioequivalence was assessed on maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and the area under the plasma concentration vs. time curves (AUCs) using an anova. The two products were judged to be equivalent if the 90% confidence limits of the ratio of the geometric mean values of C(max) and AUCs fell within the interval of 80-125%. Results from this PKs comparison of two different rFVIII products, using chromogenic substrate assay to measure FVIII:C, showed that ReFacto and Advate are bioequivalent to each other. PMID:17286764

Di Paola, J; Smith, M P; Klamroth, R; Mannucci, P M; Kollmer, C; Feingold, J; Kessler, C; Pollmann, H; Morfini, M; Udata, C; Rothschild, C; Hermans, C; Janco, R

2007-03-01

47

Population pharmacokinetics of recombinant factor VIII:C (ReFacto®) in adult HIV-negative and HIV-positive haemophilia patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The aim of this study was to explore possible differences in the pharmacokinetics (PK) of recombinant factor VIII:C (ReFacto®\\u000a - ReFacto ) in HIV+ vs. HIV– patients and also differences in the chromogenic substrate bioassay (CHS) and one-stage clotting\\u000a (OSC) methods.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Twenty-eight haemophilia A adults (20 HIV– and eight HIV+) were assayed with both the CHS and OSC methods. An

Anastasia Karafoulidou; Elena Suarez; Ioanna Anastasopoulou; Olga Katsarou; Anna Kouramba; Paraskevi Kotsi; Anastasios Zografidis; John C. Lukas

2009-01-01

48

School-Based Mental Health: A De Facto Mental Health System for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the nation's schools seek to fulfill the academic imperatives of the federal No Child Left Behind Act and associated state imperatives, they may be forgetting an important missing element in boosting academic achievement: directly confronting the mental health and psychosocial needs that impede a significant percentage of children and adolescents. This article explores the available research on mental health

Steve Jacob; Alberto Coustasse

2008-01-01

49

A postmarketing surveillance study of the safety and efficacy of ReFacto (St Louis-derived active substance) in patients with haemophilia A.  

PubMed

This clinical trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of ReFacto (St Louis-derived active substance) in patients with severe or moderately severe haemophilia A over a period of 6 months or 50 exposure days (EDs), whichever occurred first. Sixty patients, 58 previously treated and two previously untreated, were enrolled into this study. This was an open-label, multicentre, postmarketing surveillance study in which patients received prophylaxis or on-demand treatment as determined by their doctor. Surgical prophylaxis was evaluated in seven patients requiring elective surgery. Thirty-two patients aged <1 to 66 years (median 19.5) received prophylaxis and 28 patients, aged 1-71 years (median 33.5), received on-demand treatment. The majority of patients had severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C < 2%): 84.4% in the prophylaxis group and 85.7% in the on-demand group. Prophylaxis with ReFacto was associated with a median of 6.7 bleeds per year (range: 0-37). The investigator's assessment of final outcome for prophylactic treatment was excellent or effective for 93.1% of patients. ReFacto resolved 92.8% of bleeds with one or two infusions. The investigator's assessment was excellent or good for 98.2% of bleeds treated with ReFacto. Haemostasis was achieved for all seven surgical cases and ReFacto gave an excellent or good response for each. The nature and incidence of adverse events was as expected and no new safety concerns emerged. One previously treated patient (PTP) developed a high-titre inhibitor (maximum 75 BU) and one minimally treated patient (MTP) developed a low-titre inhibitor while on the study but eventually achieved high titres (maximum 30 BU) after immune tolerance therapy was initiated with a plasma-derived FVIII product. One previously untreated patient (PUP) developed a transient low-titre inhibitor (0.4 BU). Other serious adverse events (SAEs) were unrelated to study treatment. There were no allergic events. The results of this study are consistent with the previously published ReFacto pivotal studies. PMID:16128886

Smith, M P; Giangrande, P; Pollman, H; Littlewood, R; Kollmer, C; Feingold, J

2005-09-01

50

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agent clearance by the immunoaffinity and anion-exchange chromatography steps of the ReFacto manufacturing process.  

PubMed

ReFacto (moroctocog alfa), a recombinant factor VIII approved for the treatment of haemophilia A, is produced by a mammalian cell-culture process that includes therapeutic-grade human serum albumin (HSA) in the cell-culture medium. While to date there have been no cases of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) resulting from the clinical use of HSA, Wyeth conducted a study to demonstrate that the ReFacto manufacturing process has significant capacity to remove a TSE agent if it were present as a contaminant in the HSA. The immunoaffinity (8A4 Sepharose) and anion-exchange (Q Sepharose) chromatography steps were evaluated for the clearance of the hamster TSE agent, strain 263K. This Good Laboratory Practice study was performed using appropriately qualified, laboratory-scale chromatography systems. Filtered brain homogenate from TSE-infected hamsters was added to loads of both chromatographic columns, and the concentration of TSE agent in the loads and product pools were determined using a validated western blot quantitation method. Replicate chromatography runs were consistent, as demonstrated by the < or =0.7 log(10) difference observed in TSE agent reduction between each pair of runs. The immunoaffinity and anion-exchanges steps demonstrated 3.8 log reduction and >5.2 log reduction respectively. These data provide a high degree of assurance that in the unlikely event of a TSE contamination of the HSA used in the ReFacto cell-culture process, the purification steps have the potential to remove the infectious agent to extremely low levels, thereby significantly reducing the risk to patients receiving ReFacto. PMID:17880447

Booth, J; Vicik, S; Tannatt, M; Gallo, C; Kelley, B

2007-09-01

51

The Hay and the Carrot: A Model of Corporate Sponsoring of Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a moral hazard model with relationship-speci?c investment (?hay?) and limited liability (no ?stick?), we compare two institutional regimes: one without, and one with, ex-post incentives (?carrot?). We examine the welfare implications of introducing ?carrots?. We use this model to analyze corporate sponsoring of academic research. Under restrictive technological assumptions, the introduction of carrots meets certain ciency criteria and cannot

Ralph Bayer; Eran Binenbaum

2005-01-01

52

Effects of parenting styles, academic self-efficacy, and achievement motivation on the academic achievement of university students in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prime purpose of this study was to propose and test an integrated parental and social-cognitive model of academic achievement and examine the effects of parenting styles, academic self-efficacy, and achievement motivation on academic achievement by employing an ex-post facto prospective research design. The data on demographic characteristics, parenting styles, academic self-efficacy and achievement motivation were collected through self-report questionnaires

Abesha A. Gota

2012-01-01

53

Clinical safety surveillance study of the safety and efficacy of long-term home treatment with ReFacto utilizing a computer-aided diary: a Nordic multicentre study.  

PubMed

A Nordic multicentre, open-label, non-interventional postmarketing surveillance study was carried out during a period of 24 months evaluating safety and efficacy of ReFacto as prophylactic or on-demand replacement therapy in patients with haemophilia A treated by self-medication. Fifty-seven patients were enrolled and studied for safety; efficacy was evaluated in 39 patients who received ReFacto for 24 months and recorded sufficient diary data on a hand-held computer. The compliance of using the device was good in small children, variable in adults and poor in teenagers. The fact that the overall compliance was low constituted a limitation of the number of patients with reliable diary data. Overall safety was rated as excellent or good by the clinicians for all patients at all visits and overall efficacy at 24 months evaluated to be excellent (74%) or good (26%). It was noticed that >/=50% of patients/parents reported no absences from school or work owing to bleeding episodes during the study period. Among patients on regular prophylaxis, 6 of the 30 patients (20%) receiving ReFacto experienced no bleeding episodes. A median of four bleeding episodes occurred during the 24-month study period, and 93% of the episodes were resolved with Facto infusions. In the 7 on-demand patients, there was a median of 18 bleeding episodes, 87% of which resolved with Facto infusions. Interestingly, 42% of the ReFacto infusions taken by the patients classified to the on-demand group were registered as prophylactic treatment. In conclusion, ReFacto demonstrated good safety and efficacy in prophylaxis as well as treatment of bleeding episodes. PMID:18752534

Petrini, P; Rylander, C

2009-01-01

54

Ex Post and Ex Ante Analysis of Provisional Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we suggest a framework to assess the degree of reliability of provisional estimates as forecasts of final data, and we reexamine the question of the most appropriate way in which available data should be used for ex ante forecasting in the presence of a data revision process. Various desirable properties for provisional data are suggested, as well

Giampiero M. Gallo; Massimiliano Marcellino

1998-01-01

55

Vertical integration, exclusive dealing, and ex post cartelization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uncovers an unnoticed connection between exclusive contracts and vertical organization. A vertically integrated …rm can use exclusive dealing to foreclose an equally e¢ cient upstream competitor and to cartelize the downstream industry. Neither vertical integration nor exclusive dealing alone achieves these anticompetitive eects. The cartelization eect of these two practices may be limited when downstream …rms are het-

Yongmin Chen; Michael H. Riordan

2006-01-01

56

Continuous infusion of B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto) in patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery: clinical experience.  

PubMed

This retrospective, open-label, non-comparative study evaluated continuous infusion of recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto), B-domain deleted recombinant FVIII (BDDrFVIII), in patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery and requiring >5 consecutive days of treatment. Sixteen patients from eight centres underwent a total of 20 procedures. Haemostatic outcome was assessed as 'excellent' or 'good' in 75% of procedures, and target FVIII:C levels were maintained throughout the continuous infusion period. The reported volume of blood loss during surgery was also within the normal range for non-haemophilic patients for the type of surgery performed. Red blood cell transfusions were required to balance excessive blood loss during BDDrFVIII continuous infusion in eight (40%) procedures (seven patients), five with bleeding or requiring volume replacement and three to treat anaemia secondary to blood loss. Non-serious adverse events considered by investigators as possibly or probably related to BDDrFVIII continuous infusion were infrequent (n = 5) considering the duration of treatment (n =239 cumulative days of continuous infusion), and all of these were mild-to-moderate in severity. No thromboembolic complications were reported except for one case of thrombophlebitis occurring at the infusion site. Only two patients (four events) experienced serious adverse bleeding; BDDrFVIII was otherwise well-tolerated. These data show that continuous infusion of BDDrFVIII provides reliable haemostasis and is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery. PMID:15357770

Stieltjes, N; Altisent, C; Auerswald, G; Négrier, C; Pouzol, P; Reynaud, J; Roussel-Robert, V; Savidge, G F; Villar, A; Schulman, S

2004-09-01

57

Identification, Measurement and Prediction of a Psychotic Variable with Neuropsychological Measures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The cognitive aspects of functional disorders were identified and measured with an ex-post facto design wherein twenty psychotic subjects, twenty non-psychotic psychiatric subjects and twenty normal subjects, matched for age, sex, education, and race, wer...

V. A. Escandell

1984-01-01

58

Cleanup liability and the Constitution  

SciTech Connect

It was observed in the July 1992 issue of this Journal that a plain reading of the Constitution's prohibition on [open quotes][ital ex post facto][close quotes] suggests that some environmental statutes such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) conflict with Constitutional principles. Like many Constitutional principles, however, the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution's bar on [ital ex post facto] laws has a long history. The Court has consistently interpreted this clause as limited to criminal or penal statutes. This article discusses the history of the [ital ex post facto] clause, the retroactive application of CERCLA and RCRA, the decision that retroactive application of CERCLA and RCRA does not violate the [ital ex post facto] clause, and laws, regulations, and guidance. 27 refs.

Friedland, D.M.; Hagen, P.E. (Beveridge Diamond, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-12-01

59

78 FR 40430 - De Facto  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...percent of company stock has a leadership role in the Communist Party. Other...rate where two or more company managers or members of the board of directors...percent of company stock has a leadership role in the Communist Party...

2013-07-05

60

The Rise and Fall of School Integration in Israel: Research and Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School integration (desegregation) was introduced in Israeli junior high schools in 1968 with the aim of increasing educational equality and decreasing (Jewish) ethnic divides. While never officially abandoned, a "de facto" retreat from this policy has been observed since the early 1990s, despite the voluminous research that revealed its positive,…

Resh, Nura; Dar, Yechezkel

2012-01-01

61

The Effects of Community Structure on School Decisions: The Sources and Consequences of De Facto School Segregation in Five Connecticut Cities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of this research report presents the findings of a study of public opinion about community problems, particularly race relations and defacto school segregation, in the inner city areas of Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven, and Waterbury, Connecticut. In the second part these four communities and Stamford are examined as systems of…

Allen, Irving L.; And Others

62

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This potpourri surveys research on various topics: neurologically based curricula, midafternoon slumps in student attention, accounting for contexts in research, feelings of powerlessness among students and teachers, further equity implications of computers in schools, misreporting of research findings, and accounting for media transfer in…

Bracey, Gerald W.

1984-01-01

63

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

Raudenbush, Stephen

64

Environmental Constraints on Hydropower: An Ex Post Benefit-Cost Analysis of Dam Relicensing in Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conduct a benefit-cost analysis of a relicensing agreement for two hydroelectric dams in Michigan. The agreement changed daily conditions from peaking to run-of-river flows. We consider three categories of costs and benefits: producer costs of adapting electricity production to the new time profile of hydroelectric output; benefits of reductions in air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions; and benefits of

Matthew J. Kotchen; Michael R. Moore; Frank Lupi; Edward S. Rutherford

2006-01-01

65

Infrastructure Development for Agro-Processing Cooperatives in Maharashtra: An Ex-Post Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although India is blessed with diverse agro-climatic conditions and so has the ability to produce a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, flowers and a host of other agro-based products, a substantial quantity of horticultural produce of our country is lost due to poor post harvest processing, handling, transportation and storage operations. In order to curb these losses, some of the

Deepak Shah

2007-01-01

66

Green initiative impact on stock prices: A quantitative study of the clean energy industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this quantitative ex post facto research study was to explore the relationship between green initiative expense disclosures and stock prices of 46 NASDAQ listed Clean Edge Green Energy global companies from 2007 to 2010. The independent variables were sales and marketing, environmental, customer and supplier, community, and corporate governance practices that were correlated with the dependent variable in the study of stock prices. Expense disclosures were examined in an effort to measure the impact of green initiative programs and to expose the interrelationships between green initiative expense disclosures and fluctuations of stock prices. The data for the research was secondary data from existing annual reports. A statistically significant relationship was revealed between environmental practices and changes in stock prices. The study results also provided substantial evidence for leadership and managerial decision making to reduce or increase green initiative practices to maximize shareholder wealth of their respective organizations.

Jurisich, John M.

67

Predictors of Graduation among College Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study determined which set of student characteristics and disability-related services explained graduation success among college students with disabilities. The archived records of 1,289 unidentified students with disabilities in three public universities were examined ex-post-facto to collect demographic data on the students, the…

Pingry O'Neill, Laura N.; Markward, Martha J.; French, Joshua P.

2012-01-01

68

Motivational and Volitional Variables Associated with Stages of Change for Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Multiple Discriminant Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this study was to determine whether motivational and volitional variables identified in the health action process approach (HAPA) model can be used to successfully differentiate people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in different stages of change for exercise and physical activity. Ex-post-facto design using multiple…

Chiu, Chung-Yi; Fitzgerald, Sandra D.; Strand, David M.; Muller, Veronica; Brooks, Jessica; Chan, Fong

2012-01-01

69

Science Laboratory Environment and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study determined how students assess the various components of their science laboratory environment. It also identified how the laboratory environment affects students' learning outcomes. The modified ex-post facto design was used. A sample of 328 randomly selected students was taken from a population of all Senior Secondary School chemistry…

Aladejana, Francisca; Aderibigbe, Oluyemisi

2007-01-01

70

Heading toward the Finish Line: Effects of PLATO[R] Online Courses on Credit Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who have failed a core course that is required for graduation often re-take the course they failed. In recent years, school districts have been using on-line courses for the purpose of allowing their students to recover the credits they need. This study was an ex post facto exploratory examination of descriptive and inferential statistics…

Luopa, Patricia E.

2010-01-01

71

Personal Factors as Predictors of Students' Academic Achievement in Colleges of Education in South Western Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational stakeholders have continued to express concerns over the poor academic performance of Nigerian students at virtually all levels of academic engagements. This paper investigated personal factors as predictors of students' academic performance in the South-Western Nigeria. The study employed the ex post facto design using a survey…

Adeyemi, Abisola Moradeyo; Adeyemi, Semiu Babatunde

2014-01-01

72

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

73

Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies inData Envelopment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In management contexts, mathematical programming is usually used to evaluate a collection of possible alternative courses of action en route to selecting one which is best. In this capacity, mathematical programming serves as a planning aid to management. Data Envelopment Analysis reverses this role and employs mathematical programming to obtain ex post facto evaluations of the relative efficiency of management

R. D. Banker; A. Charnes; W. W. Cooper

1984-01-01

74

Rural Electrification and Level of Living: Evaluation of Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing an ex-post-facto experimental design, all occupied households located within the rural area of Canton San Carlos in Costa Rica (La Fortuna) were studied in August of 1972 for purposes of testing the hypothesis that electricity use is positively associated with level of living. Interviews with 452 heads of households (when possible)…

Davis, J. Michael; Saunders, John

75

Decentralization of Educational Development Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to appraise regional compliance to decentralization laws establishing Education Boards and Committees since the Nigerian Government has for some time now been making efforts aimed at reforming her educational system. Design/methodology/approach: Employing ex post facto design, the study uses survey…

Ikoya, Peter O.

2007-01-01

76

Remote collection and analysis of witness reports on flash floods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typically, flash floods are studied ex post facto in response to a major impact event. A complement to field investigations is developing a detailed database of flash flood events, including minor events and null reports (i.e., where heavy rain occurred but there was no flash flooding), based on public survey questions conducted in near-real time. The Severe Hazards Analysis and

Jonathan Gourley; Jessica Erlingis; Travis Smith; Kiel Ortega; Yang Hong

2010-01-01

77

Estrategias de afrontamiento en el inicio de la adolescencia y su relación con el consumo de drogas y la conducta problemática  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. This ex post,facto study analyzes coping,strategies in a Galician sample ofjunior,secondary-school students ,(mean age = 12.5) using the Adolescent Coping Scale (General form) developed,by Frydenberg,and Lewis. Descriptives are compared with the normative data for the Spanish version, which were obtained from an older

José Antonio Gómez-Fraguela; Ángeles Luengo-Martín; Estrella Romero-Triñanes; Paula Villar-Torres; Jorge Sobral-Fernández

2006-01-01

78

Stigmatizing Attributions and Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether employment outcomes of people with disabilities can be predicted by the social-cognitive/attribution theory of stigmatization. Design: Ex post facto design using data mining technique and logistic regression analysis. Participants: Data from 40,585 vocational rehabilitation (VR) consumers were extracted from the…

Chan, Jacob Yui-Chung; Keegan, John P.; Ditchman, Nicole; Gonzalez, Rene; Zheng, Lisa Xi; Chan, Fong

2011-01-01

79

Relation between habitual sleep duration and depressed mood state: Somatic versus cognitive symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present ex post facto prospective investigation analyses the association between habitual sleep duration and depressed mood state in college students. The sample was composed of 141 healthy students of both sexes, 19 with short sleep pattern (sleeping 6 hours or less per night), 64 with intermediate sleep pattern (sleeping 7-8 hours per night) and 58 with long sleep pattern

Gualberto Buela-Casal; Elena Miró; María Ángeles; Andrés Catena

2007-01-01

80

Lessons learnt from a secondary school Sex Education Program in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a developmental framework, a study was conducted in Portugal in two groups of youth in terms of relevant aspects related to adolescent psychosexual development: one group participated in an Experimental Project of Sex Education and Health Promotion during high school, whereas the other did not receive any formal sex education in school. Within this ex?post?facto study, the ‘Sex

Ana Paula Sousa; Isabel Soares; Duarte Vilar

2007-01-01

81

Emergent Literacy Skills Achievement of Kindergarteners in Relation to Sample Demographics in Southeastern Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto, quasi-experimental study was conducted at a single-site, kindergarten through eighth grade district in rural, southeastern Connecticut. Of the single cohort of kindergarten students (N = 35) participating, eight students received fall intervention from a trained paraprofessional using "Stepping Stones to Literacy" and winter…

Graves, KellyAnn

2010-01-01

82

The Dynamics of Team Characteristics within Professional Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if Professional Learning Communities in elementary schools that have strong evidence of the five dimensions of a Professional Learning Community have a higher degree of teamness than those schools that do not have strong evidence. Methodology: Using a descriptive and ex post facto study, the…

Morr, Shelly D.

2010-01-01

83

Implications of the Effects of Grade Configurations on Fifth Grade Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if grade level configuration and student achievement in science, specifically fifth grade Science TAKS scores are related. This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth grade students' success on the science TAKS at the…

Johnson, Delonda

2011-01-01

84

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

85

The Relationship between Computer Time and Communication Apprehension/Communication Competence among Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine if time spent using the computer was related to communication apprehension (CA) and self-perceived communication competence (SPCC) among high school students. To this end, an ex post facto design was employed. Subjects were 534 students from a West-Coast school district. Results indicated that students'…

Schliesman, Terry; Ayres, Joe

86

An Analysis of Homeless Veterans Participating in the Homeless Veteran Reintegration Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis on ex post facto data of the federal grant supported Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP) administered at Goodwill Industries of Lower South Carolina. Pre-existing data on variables such as performance goals, training activities, support services, and demographics from program years…

Campbell, Katrina Lanelle

2010-01-01

87

Evaluation of Achieving a College Education Plus: A Credit-Based Transition Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto study evaluated Achieving a College Education (ACE) Plus program, a credit-based transition program between a high school district and a community college. Achieving a College Education Plus is an early outreach program. It is designed to aid at-risk students in graduating from high school and making a smooth transition to…

Luna, Gaye; Fowler, Michael

2011-01-01

88

Comparing the Effect Upon Students Who Are Taught Nursing Math in the Classroom with Students Who Do Not Experience the Nursing Math Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex-post facto, quasi-experimental study was conducted to determine whether students taught nursing math in the classroom did better than students who did not take the nursing math course in the classroom. First-year students enrolled in the Long Beach City College Associate Degree Nursing Program were selected as the treatment sample. Thirty…

Harrell, Brenda McCane

89

The Relationship of Where Louisiana Community College and University Students Complete Developmental/Remedial Coursework and Their Academic Success in Freshman-Level Collegiate Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was a quantitative, causal-comparative, ex post facto study that compared the college algebra and freshman English outcomes for three groups of developmental learners based on where they completed their developmental English and mathematics courses. The study also examined the effectiveness of developmental education courses within the…

Williams, Daphne Elaine

2009-01-01

90

An Evaluation of the "Recovery of Hope" Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Recovery of Hope divorce prevention program addresses the problem of couples entering marriage enrichment events whose distress levels indicated a need for therapy rather than enrichment. An ex post facto evaluation of 34 wives and 27 husbands indicated program completion appeared to assist couples in either improving their relationship or in…

Moxley, Virginia; And Others

1986-01-01

91

Attitudes towards Disability in Education through the SSCI (2000-2011): A Topical and Bibliometric Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to describe and characterize the international scientific output relating to "attitudes towards disability in education", using a battery of bibliometric indicators that make it possible to analyze and monitor international scientific activity. Method: This "ex post facto"…

Garcia-Fernandez, Jose Manuel; Ingles, Candido J.; Juan, Maria Vicent; Gonzalvez-Macia, Carolina; Manas-Viejo, Carmen

2013-01-01

92

The Relationship between Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Perceived Career Barriers in the Career Decision Making of Selected Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and perceived career barriers of students enrolled in the applied technology program compared to those enrolled in a college transfer program at a southeastern urban community college. Participants in the ex-post facto cross-sectional survey included 787…

Kelly, Rosemary Ritter

2010-01-01

93

Factors That Affect the Academic Success of Foreign Students at Cardinal Stritch University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are limited studies in the literature on the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students in the United States. This ex post facto mixed method study investigated the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students at Cardinal Stitch University (CSU), a medium size, private university located in the Midwestern…

Annor, Peter

2010-01-01

94

The Effect of Automation on Job Duties, Classifications, Staffing Patterns, and Labor Costs in the UBC Library's Cataloguing Divisions: A Comparison of 1973 and 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses an ex post facto study that was done to examine the effect that the implementation of automated systems has had on libraries and support staff, labor costs, and productivity in the cataloging divisions of the library of the University of British Columbia. A comparison was made between two years: 1973, a pre-automated period…

de Bruijn, Erik

95

The Relationship between Post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) Failure Remediation and NCLEX-RN Success of Graduates of Baccalaureate Nursing Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ex post facto study was conducted to determine whether any relationship exists between remediation post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) failure and NCLEX-RN success of graduates of baccalaureate nursing programs. Data was gathered from responses to the seventh annual validity study (V7S) offered to deans and directors of nursing programs by…

Allen, Patricia Gale

2009-01-01

96

The Differences in Academic Achievement between Single-Sex Education and Coeducation Classes in Fifth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education is an instructional innovation implemented to improve student academic achievement by teaching to the learning styles and interests of boys and/or girls. This ex post facto quantitative study examined the differences in academic achievement between single-sex education and coeducation classes on students' achievement in…

Scoggins, Donna K.

2009-01-01

97

Review of CBP Interview Procedure and Data. Investigative Report No. 7321.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After an interview procedure used with educable mentally retarded children is described, the findings of an examination of some collected interview data are reported in this study of the Computer Based Project for the Evaluation of Media for the Handicapped. An ex post facto analysis revealed a moderately high correlation between interviewer…

Wood, Penelope

98

Lifelong Adaptability: A Cultural Literacy Perspective (Revised Edition)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This revised 1997 ex post facto study attempted to identify a lifelong adaptability curriculum from a cultural literacy perspective. It investigated students' lifelong adaptability ratings of 15 general school subjects as predicted by family structure, parental age, parental educational level, student cultural literacy, and student gender;…

Moyer, John Thayer

2011-01-01

99

Regression discontinuity designs: A guide to practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In regression discontinuity (RD) designs for evaluating causal effects of interventions, assignment to a treatment is determined at least partly by the value of an observed covariate lying on either side of a fixed threshold. These designs were first introduced in the evaluation literature by Thistlewaite and Campbell [1960. Regression-discontinuity analysis: an alternative to the ex-post Facto experiment. Journal of

Guido W. Imbens; Thomas Lemieux

2008-01-01

100

Examining Physics Career Interests: Recruitment and Persistence into College  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Compared to the undergraduate population, the number of students obtaining physics degrees has been declining since the 1960s. This trend continues despite the increasing number of students taking introductory physics courses in high school and college. Our work uses an ex-post facto design to study the factors that influence students' decision to pursue a career in physics at the beginning of college. These factors include high school physics classroom experiences, other science-related experiences, and students' career motivations. The data used in this study is drawn from the Persistence Research in Science and Engineering (PRiSE) Project, a large-scale study that surveyed a nationally representative sample of college/university students enrolled in introductory English courses about their interests and prior experiences in science.

Lock, R. M.; Hazari, Z.; Sadler, P. M.; Sonnert, G.

2012-03-01

101

The embryo in relationships: a French debate on stem cell research.  

PubMed

While many European countries are entering unknown legal terrain where the embryo in vitro is concerned, France can already look back on a long tradition of public discussion and legal codification of ways of dealing with in vitro embryos. In its comprehensive law of 1994, France had still rejected embryo research; however, due to the promising perspectives of stem cell research, the new law now pending implies a clear liberalization of the 1994 provisions. Both the French lawmakers and the National Ethics Commission have repeatedly argued that possible utilization of embryos for research purposes may seem legitimate from the moment that there is no more "parental project." De facto, this concept implies that an embryo can be transformed into an object from the moment that the parents cease to desire it and that the value of protection is solely dependent on the will of third persons. At the same time, France is still speaking of guaranteeing respect for the "dignity of the embryo," which would mean that an embryo must not be reduced to a thing and treated for purposes which are not his own. Therefore, the French solution is not a consistent and honest solution, and in its new legal provisions, France has involved herself in manifold contradictions. France has rejected the conception of pre-embryo, but is de facto following Britain's model without making it explicit. PMID:15545117

Maio, Giovanni

2004-10-01

102

How many kilowatts are in a negawatt? Verifying ex post estimates of utility conservation impacts at the regional level  

SciTech Connect

Restructuring of utilities raises questions about the future of conservation programs. One of the greatest obstacles has been the persistent uncertainity among utility planners regarding true resource effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of conservation relative to conventional generation. The authors use econometric techniques to examine the aggregate commercial and industrial conservation impacts reported. The paper shows that utility conservation programs have been effective in reducing electric loads and that utilities have reported accurately. 44 refs., 3 tabs.

Parfomak, P.W.; Lave, L.B. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1996-12-31

103

An Ex Post Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Nitrogen Dioxide Air Pollution Control Program in Tokyo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benefits and costs of past nitrogen dioxide (NO2) control policies were calculated for Tokyo, Japan, using environmental, economic, political, demographic, and medical data from 1973 to 1994. The benefits of NO2 control were estimated as medical expenses and lost work time due to hypothetical no-control air concentrations of NO2. Direct costs were calculated as annualized capital expenditures and 1

A. Scott Voorhees; Shunichi Araki; Ryoji Sakai; Hajime Sato

2000-01-01

104

Transaction Costs Economics of Irreplaceability: ex ante and ex post Evaluation of Conservation Networks' Vulnerability to Environmental Shocks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theoretical concept, “asset specificity,” is applied to real data in the context of Danish nature conservation network planning in order to produce illustrative examples of an economic measure of the network’s vulnerability to exogenous shocks to the species composition. Three different measures of asset specificity are quantified from the shadow value of eliminating a key species from the individual grid cells. This represents a novel approach and a different interpretation of the term, as it is conventionally used as a qualitative indicator in the transaction cost economics literature. Apart from supplementing existing cost measures with an indicator of risk associated with investments in protected areas, this study demonstrates how the estimation and interpretation of various asset specificity measures for geographical areas may qualify policy makers’ choice of policy instrument in conservation planning. This differs from the more intuitive approach of basing policy instrument choice solely on the rarity of the species in a given area.

Huusom, Henrik; Strange, Niels

2008-04-01

105

Catastrophic Events Leading to de facto Limits on Liability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study conducts an overview of large technological systems in society to ascertain prevalence, if any, of situations that can lead to catastrophic effects where the resultant liabilities far exceed the insurances or assets subject to suit in court, th...

K. A. Solomon D. Okrent

1977-01-01

106

Peer group self-identification among alternative high school youth: A predictor of their psychosocial functioning five years later 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents' self-identified peer group affiliation consistently has been found to be associated with their health risk behaviors such as involvement in substance use and violence. However, no prospective studies have examined the relations of peer group self-identification in adolescence with problem behaviors in young adulthood among high-risk youth. This ex post facto study examined the association between self- reported peer

Steve Sussman; Jennifer B. Unger; Clyde W. Dent

2004-01-01

107

Ideación suicida y características asociadas en mujeres adolescentes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To determine the prevalence of suicidal ide- ation and the symptomatic profile as well as to identify the sociodemographic characteristics highlighting female ado- lescents with the highest scores on suicidal ideation in ad- olescents living in Mexico City: students and suicidal patients. Material and methods. A cross-sectional and ex-post-facto study was carried out in order to analize information from

Catalina González-Forteza; Shoshana Berenzon-Gorn; Ana Ma. Tello-Granados; Dulce Facio-Florez; Ma. Elena Medina-Mora Icaza

1998-01-01

108

Concepción de mundo, aspectos contextuales y bienestar psicológico en chilenos supervivientes a experiencias de prisión y tortura por motivos políticos a más de 30 años de ocurridos los hechos* World Conception, Contextual Aspects, and Psychological Well-Being of Chilean Survivors of Political Torture and Imprisonment after more than 30 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

a b S t r a c t The main objective of this article is to study the long-term psychological effects of imprisonment and torture experiences for political reasons in the world conception of a group of Chilean survivors. The design is a descriptive ex-post facto model, including qualitative methodology on content analysis, and QRS Nvivo6 and SPSS software. Results

109

Characteristics of Drug-Abusing Women With Children in Residential Treatment: A Preliminary Evaluation of Program Retention and Treatment Completion  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ex post facto study was conducted to investigate treatment outcomes for 80 women and 168 children admitted into a residential substance-abuse treatment program. The results indicated childhood emotional neglect is a barrier for remaining in and completing treatment for African-American women with comorbid psychological disorders but not for those with crack cocaine dependent disorders. African-American women with comorbid psychological

Lori Simons

2008-01-01

110

Mental Health and Emergency Medicine: A Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing fraction of undiagnosed and untreated psychiatric patients passes through the revolving doors of U.S. EDs, the opportunities for improving the art and science of acute mental health care have never been greater. These opportunities span macroepidemiologic surveillance research to intervention studies with individual patients. Feasible screening, intervention, and referral programs for mental health patients presenting to general EDs are needed. Additional research is needed to improve the quality of care, including the attitudes, abilities, interests, and virtues of ED providers. Research that optimizes provider education and training can help academic settings validate psychosocial issues as core components and responsibilities of emergency medicine. Transdisciplinary research with federal partners and investigators in neuropsychiatry and related fields can improve the mechanistic understanding of acute mental health problems. To have lasting impact, however, advances in ED mental health care must be translated into real-world policies and sustainable program enhancements to assure the uptake of best practices for ED screening, treatment, and management of mental disorders and psychosocial problems.

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L.; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M.; Lippmann, Melanie J.; Milzman, David P.

2013-01-01

111

Mental health and emergency medicine: a research agenda.  

PubMed

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing fraction of undiagnosed and untreated psychiatric patients passes through the revolving doors of U.S. EDs, the opportunities for improving the art and science of acute mental health care have never been greater. These opportunities span macroepidemiologic surveillance research to intervention studies with individual patients. Feasible screening, intervention, and referral programs for mental health patients presenting to general EDs are needed. Additional research is needed to improve the quality of care, including the attitudes, abilities, interests, and virtues of ED providers. Research that optimizes provider education and training can help academic settings validate psychosocial issues as core components and responsibilities of emergency medicine. Transdisciplinary research with federal partners and investigators in neuropsychiatry and related fields can improve the mechanistic understanding of acute mental health problems. To have lasting impact, however, advances in ED mental health care must be translated into real-world policies and sustainable program enhancements to assure the uptake of best practices for ED screening, treatment, and management of mental disorders and psychosocial problems. PMID:20053230

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M; Lippmann, Melanie J; Milzman, David P

2009-11-01

112

Desert Research Institute: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operating as the nonprofit research campus of the University and Community College System of Nevada, the Desert Research Institute (DRI) conducts more than $27 million in environmental research each year with the help of its approximately 400 research faculty and support staff. The informational research page of the main Web site offers descriptions; publications; links; and other relevant facts from the various arms of the institute, which include the Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Division of Earth and Ecosystem, Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Center for Arid Lands Environmental Management, Center for Watersheds and Environmental Sustainability, and several others.

1969-12-31

113

A call for change: clinical evaluation of student registered nurse anesthetists.  

PubMed

The ability to integrate theory with practice is integral to a student's success. A common reason for attrition from a nurse anesthesia program is clinical issues. To document clinical competence, students are evaluated using various tools. For use of a clinical evaluation tool as possible evidence for a student's dismissal, an important psychometric property to ensure is instrument validity. Clinical evaluation instruments of nurse anesthesia programs are not standardized among programs, which suggests a lack of instrument validity. The lack of established validity of the instruments used to evaluate students' clinical progress brings into question their ability to detect a student who is truly in jeopardy of attrition. Given this possibility, clinical instrument validity warrants research to be fair to students and improve attrition rates based on valid data. This ex post facto study evaluated a 17-item clinical instrument tool to demonstrate the need for validity of clinical evaluation tools. It also compared clinical scores with scores on the National Certification Examination. PMID:24654354

Collins, Shawn; Callahan, Margaret Faut

2014-02-01

114

Instructional Methods Within the Elementary-School Science Classroom Related to Improved Academic Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is gap in passing rates on the standardized science assessment between European American and Hispanic American students. The purpose of this study was to examine student performance in science and the closing of the achievement gap between European American and Hispanic American students based upon receipt of an inquiry or noninquiry instruction method. Guided by the theoretical framework of constructive learning, this quantitative ex post facto research design gathered data from 8 teachers who had already implemented 1 of the 2 methods of instruction. The teachers were chosen through purposive sampling based on previous observations of instructional method and were placed into 2 groups depending upon the type of instruction: inquiry or noninquiry. Descriptive statistics were used to determine mean differences and a 2-way analysis of variance was used to determine mean differences in science test scores between European American and Hispanic American students and between the instructional methods to which they had been exposed. Results found that the inquiry instructional method was related to a significant increase in mean scores for both ethnic groups, but the achievement gap between the two groups was not closed by the inquiry instruction method. This study can promote positive social change for students by informing the efforts of educational leaders and teachers to create professional development using inquiry instruction. Students may perform higher on standardized tests when they are allowed to explore science by asking questions and answering their own questions through the collection and analysis of data.

Baum, Lisa

115

The impact of selected educational factors on the academic achievement of secondary students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of related educational factors on the mathematics and science achievement of secondary students. The researcher compared the variables of instructional design, economic status and retention against the exit level scores on the mathematics and science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test of 11th grade students. The technique used for this investigation was a Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Three hundred thirty five students from an urban school district in a metropolitan area in southeast Texas participated in this study. Ex-post facto data obtained from the district's student information system was utilized. Based on the results, the following conclusions were drawn. (1) Instructional design does impact mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. (2) Retention during a student's ninth grade year does impact mathematics and science achievement. (3) The interaction of instructional design and retention does impact the mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. (4) Economic status as a main effect or as an interaction effect does not impact mathematics and science achievement of students at the secondary level. For those seeking to explore this topic in greater depth, recommendations for further investigations might consider the study of teacher perceptions and attitudes toward students who attend school in the alternative setting. Additionally, future investigations might look into the level of experience and the reasons teachers choose to teach in the alternative setting.

Epps, Bernethia Mechelle

116

Earthquake prediction evaluation standards applied to the VAN Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake prediction research must meet certain standards before it can be suitably evaluated for potential application in decision making. For methods that result in a binary (on or off) alarm condition, requirements include (1) a quantitative description of observables that trigger an alarm, (2) a quantitative description, including ranges of time, location, and magnitude, of the predicted earthquakes, (3) documented evidence of all previous alarms, (4) a complete list of predicted earthquakes, (5) a complete list of unpredicted earthquakes. The VAN technique [Varotsos and Lazaridou, 1991; Varotsos et al., 1996] has not yet been stated as a testable hypothesis. It fails criteria (1) and (2) so it is not ready to be evaluated properly. Although telegrams were transmitted in advance of claimed successes, these telegrams did not fully specify the predicted events, and all of the published statistical evaluations involve many subjective ex post facto decisions. Lacking a statistically demonstrated relationship to earthquakes, a candidate prediction technique should satisfy several plausibility criteria, including: (1) a reasonable relationship between the location of the candidate precursor and that of the predicted earthquake, (2) some demonstration that the candidate precursory observations are related to stress, strain, or other quantities related to earthquakes, and (3) the existence of co-seismic as well as pre-seismic variations of the candidate precursor. The VAN technique meets none of these criteria.

Jackson, David D.

117

Ante- and postmortem diagnostic techniques for anthrax: rethinking pathogen exposure and the geographic extent of the disease in wildlife.  

PubMed

Although antemortem approaches in wildlife disease surveillance are common for most zoonoses, they have been used infrequently in anthrax surveillance. Classically, anthrax is considered a disease with extremely high mortality. This is because anthrax outbreaks are often detected ex post facto through wildlife or livestock fatalities or spillover transmission to humans. As a result, the natural prevalence of anthrax infection in animal populations is largely unknown. However, in the past 20 yr, antemortem serologic surveillance in wildlife has indicated that not all species exposed succumb to infection, and anthrax exposure may be more widespread than originally appreciated. These studies brought about a multitude of new questions, many of which can be addressed by increased antemortem serologic surveillance in wildlife populations. To fully understand anthrax transmission dynamics and geographic extent, it is important to identify exposure in wildlife hosts and associated factors and, in turn, understand how these influences may drive environmental reservoir dynamics and concurrent disease risk in livestock and humans. Here we review our current understanding of the serologic response to anthrax among wildlife hosts and serologic diagnostic assays used to augment traditional postmortem anthrax surveillance strategies. We also provide recommendations for the use of serology and sentinel species surveillance approaches in anthrax research and management. PMID:24502707

Bagamian, Karoun H; Alexander, Kathleen A; Hadfield, Ted L; Blackburn, Jason K

2013-10-01

118

Meta Research: Astronomy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meta Research, headed by astronomer Tom Van Flandern, fosters "research into ideas not otherwise supported solely because they conflict with mainstream theories in Astronomy." The website offers papers on alternative explanations in the fields of cosmology, solar systems, and gravity. Individuals can find out about upcoming solar eclipse expeditions and view images from past trips. Students and educators can find links to numerous astronomy-related animations including the Face on Mars, Fission Model, and Leonids meteor storm. Interested visitors can learn about membership opportunities and Meta Research publications.

119

Willingness to pay for rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria in southeast Nigeria: ex post and ex ante  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. However, any successful control of malaria will depend on socio-economic factors that influence its management in the community. Willingness to pay (WTP) is important because consumer responses to prices will influence utilization of services and revenues collected. Also the consumer's attitude can influence monetary

Benjamin SC Uzochukwu; Obinna E Onwujekwe; Nkoli P Uguru; Maduka D Ughasoro; Ogochukwu P Ezeoke

2010-01-01

120

Increase of Farmers' Knowledge through Farmer Seed Production Schools in Vietnam as Assessed on the Basis of Ex-Ante and Ex-Post Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to assess changes in farmers' knowledge of farmer seed production through schools (FSPSs) in Vietnam. A set of 25 questions covering five technical areas of the seed production process was used for pre and post knowledge testing at 12 FSPSs in the provinces Binh Dinh, Nam Dinh, Nghe An and Dong Thap. The main findings show…

Tin, Huynh Q.; Struik, Paul C.; Price, Lisa L.; Tuyen, Nguyen P.; Hoan, Nguyen P.; Bos, Heleen

2010-01-01

121

Smallholder Information Sources and Communication Pathways for Cashew Production and Marketing in Tanzania: An Ex-Post Study in Tandahimba and Lindi Rural Districts, Southern Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To identify and review production and marketing information sources and flows for smallholder cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) growers in Tanzania and recommend systems improvements for better technology uptake. Design/methodology/approach: Two-stage purposive samples were drawn. First, two districts in the main cashew producing areas,…

Nyambo, Brigitte; Ligate, Elly

2013-01-01

122

Impact Evaluation of a Youth Job Training Program in the Dominican Republic:Ex-Post Evaluation Report of the Labor Training and Modernization Project (DR0134)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this report is to assess whether the job training program Juventud y Empleo has had positive impacts, i.e. to determine if it has increased the employability of its participants. Additionally, the report also analyzes the implementation of the project vis-à-vis its original design. This is the first and only job training program in Latin America with an

Pablo Ibarrán; David Rosas; Yuri Suarez Dillon Soares

2006-01-01

123

Use of chemical indicators of beer aging for ex-post checking of storage conditions and prediction of the sensory stability of beer.  

PubMed

The rate of beer aging is affected by storage conditions including largely time and temperature. Although bottled beer is commonly stored for up to 1 year, sensorial damage of it is quite frequent. Therefore, a method for retrospective determination of temperature of stored beer was developed. The method is based on the determination of selected carbonyl compounds called as "aging indicators", which are formed during beer aging. The aging indicators were determined using GC-MS after precolumn derivatization with O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentaflourobenzyl)hydroxylamine hydrochloride, and their profile was correlated with the development of old flavor evolving under defined conditions (temperature, time) using both a mathematical and statistical apparatus. Three approaches, including calculation from regression graph, multiple linear regression, and neural networks, were employed. The ultimate uncertainty of the method ranged from 3.0 to 11.0 °C depending on the approach used. Furthermore, the assay was extended to include prediction of beer tendency to sensory aging from freshly bottled beer. PMID:24308508

Cejka, Pavel; Culík, Ji?í; Horák, Tomáš; Jurková, Marie; Olšovská, Jana

2013-12-26

124

Research Networks - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Research networks such as those listed below have established new approaches to data collection, sharing, and analysis. These approaches allow investigators to deepen their understanding of barriers to cancer prevention, early detection, treatment, and healthcare services in community settings and how these barriers affect quality of life and other cancer outcomes.

125

Research Results Research Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Breakthrough Achievement by Chinese Scientists on Mechanism of Spider Silk's Water Collection Shell-isolated Nanoparticle-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Significant Progress in the Research on Mechanics-Dimension Effect Two Types of Melanosomes Found by Chinese and Foreign Scientists in Early Birds and Hairy Dinosaurs

2010-09-01

126

High speed research system study. Advanced flight deck configuration effects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In mid-1991 NASA contracted with industry to study the high-speed civil transport (HSCT) flight deck challenges and assess the benefits, prior to initiating their High Speed Research Program (HSRP) Phase 2 efforts, then scheduled for FY-93. The results of this nine-month effort are presented, and a number of the most significant findings for the specified advanced concepts are highlighted: (1) a no nose-droop configuration; (2) a far forward cockpit location; and (3) advanced crew monitoring and control of complex systems. The results indicate that the no nose-droop configuration is critically dependent upon the design and development of a safe, reliable, and certifiable Synthetic Vision System (SVS). The droop-nose configuration would cause significant weight, performance, and cost penalties. The far forward cockpit location, with the conventional side-by-side seating provides little economic advantage; however, a configuration with a tandem seating arrangement provides a substantial increase in either additional payload (i.e., passengers) or potential downsizing of the vehicle with resulting increases in performance efficiencies and associated reductions in emissions. Without a droop nose, forward external visibility is negated and takeoff/landing guidance and control must rely on the use of the SVS. The technologies enabling such capabilities, which de facto provides for Category 3 all-weather operations on every flight independent of weather, represent a dramatic benefits multiplier in a 2005 global ATM network: both in terms of enhanced economic viability and environmental acceptability.

Swink, Jay R.; Goins, Richard T.

1992-01-01

127

[Health research].  

PubMed

Research in Mexico has had an important advance, including health research. However, despite great efforts to include medical research in decision making, it is necessary to strengthen existing actions and programs, generating new research agendas in health. PMID:23254718

Martínez-Palomo, Adolfo

2012-01-01

128

Genealogical Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two Institute papers were concerned with genealogical research. 'Manuscripts, Private Papers and Genealogical Research,' deals with the handling and evaluation of unpublished and private papers in genealogical research. 'The Genealogical Society of the Ch...

P. H. McClure

1969-01-01

129

Using dopamine research to generate rational cannabinoid drug policy.  

PubMed

The recent rise in the recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids (e.g. 'K2' and 'Spice') has been accompanied by a corresponding increase in regulation. Besides prohibition of specific compounds and general class bans in over forty states, five synthetic cannabinoids (CB) are federally regulated under a 'temporary' ban and are currently under a formal review to determine whether to permanently schedule them. Whether through explicit prohibition of specific chemicals, or potential de facto bans of unofficially scheduled compounds through the analogue act, scheduling CBs may significantly impede researching their therapeutic utility and elucidating physiological roles of the endogenous CB system. We argue that a review of neuroscience research suggests that synthetic CBs that act like ??-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) by directly binding to and stimulating CB receptors (i.e. direct agonists), as well as novel drugs that indirectly stimulate these receptors by increasing levels of endogenous CB neurotransmitters (i.e. indirect agonists) have therapeutic value. Specifically, neurochemical research into how CBs influence mesolimbic dopamine release, a reliable and consistent marker of drugs' rewarding/reinforcing effects, provides the most useful indication of CB abuse liability, and may have implications for the generation of rational drug policy. It demonstrates that direct CB receptor agonists, but not indirect agonists, increase mesolimbic dopamine release. Thus, while direct CB receptor agonists pose an abuse liability, indirect agonists do not. We recommend regulatory agencies revise policies that treat these separate CB classes similarly and to curb regulation aimed at any CB receptor agonists as Schedule I, as this ignores their medicinal properties. PMID:22991092

Loewinger, G C; Oleson, E B; Cheer, J F

2013-01-01

130

Research Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five parts of this report are: research on instruction; faculty dissertations; inter-institutional research; in-college research; and college-endorsed research. The first covers experiments in teaching French, practical nursing, English, math, and chemistry, and in giving examinations. Faculty dissertations include studies of post-graduate…

Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.

131

RESEARCH REVIEW  

EPA Science Inventory

The report reviews aquatic research programs conducted or managed by the Environmental Research Laboratory, Gulf Breeze, Florida, for the office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1978 and 1979. The research program examines the impact of pestici...

132

Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe how a researcher may conduct a basic qualitative research. This paper deals specifically with research of learning, older adults, and in a rural area. This paper became the foundation for the research of my dissertation. I discuss the sample and the criteria for the sample. I also describe the sources of…

Roberson, Donald N., Jr.

2005-01-01

133

Current Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes three articles about research in the school library media field: (1) "The State of Research Today" (Michael B. Eisenberg) (2) "Recent Trends in School Library Media Research" (Robert Grover and Susan G. Fowler); and (3) "Notes from ERIC" (Barbara Minor) provides references to 10 research overviews and summaries. (Contains 19 references.)…

Eisenberg, Michael B.; And Others

1993-01-01

134

Leadership Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to explore recent research in the field of leadership as related to education and to link such research to a possible research project. This research project would focus on increasing standardized test scores in California schools focusing on the elementary school level through focusing on increasing reading competency and…

Kaplun, Irina

2011-01-01

135

The emergence and current performance of a health research system: lessons from Guinea Bissau  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about how health research systems (HRS) in low-income countries emerge and evolve over time, and how this process relates to their performance. Understanding how HRSs emerge is important for the development of well functioning National Health Research Systems (NHRS). The aim of this study was to assess how the HRS in Guinea Bissau has emerged and evolved over time and how the present system functions. Methods We used a qualitative case-study methodology to explore the emergence and current performance of the HRS, using the NHRS framework. We reviewed documents and carried out 39 in-depth interviews, ranging from health research to policy and practice stakeholders. Using an iterative approach, we undertook a thematic analysis of the data. Results The research practices in Guinea Bissau led to the emergence of a HRS with both local and international links and strong dependencies on international partners and donors. The post-colonial, volatile and resource-dependent context, changes in donor policies, training of local researchers and nature of the research findings influenced how the HRS evolved. Research priorities have mostly been set by 'expatriate' researchers and focused on understanding and reducing child mortality. Research funding is almost exclusively provided by foreign donors and international agencies. The training of Guinean researchers started in the mid-nineties and has since reinforced the links with the health system, broadened the research agenda and enhanced local use of research. While some studies have made an important contribution to global health, the use of research within Guinea Bissau has been constrained by the weak and donor dependent health system, volatile government, top-down policies of international agencies, and the controversial nature of some of the research findings. Conclusions In Guinea Bissau a de facto 'system' of research has emerged through research practices and co-evolving national and international research and development dynamics. If the aim of research is to contribute to local decision making, it is essential to modulate the emerged system by setting national research priorities, aligning funding, building national research capacity and linking research to decision making processes. Donors and international agencies can contribute to this process by coordinating their efforts and aligning to national priorities.

2012-01-01

136

CRCHD - CRCHD Research  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - CRCHD Research Home Disparities Research Programs Disparities Research Programs CRCHD Ongoing Research CRCHD Completed Research NCI/NIH Health Disparities Research Disparities Research Programs CRCHD's research

137

Fetal Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reviews some of the significant contributions of fetal research and fetal tissue research over the past 20 years. The benefits of fetal research include the development of vaccines, advances in prenatal diagnosis, detection of malformations, assessment of safe and effective medications, and the development of in utero surgical therapies. Fetal tissue research benefits vaccine development, assessment of risk factors and toxicity levels in drug production, development of cell lines, and provides a source of fetal cells for ongoing transplantation trials. Together, fetal research and fetal tissue research offer tremendous potential for the treatment of the fetus, neonate, and adult.

Hansen, John T.; Sladek, John R.

1989-11-01

138

Researching Televangelism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the current state of empirical research on religious television, discusses some of the implicit difficulties in exploring this phenomenon and its viewership, and suggests avenues for future research. (MS)

Schultze, Quentin J.

1988-01-01

139

Tobacco Research  

Cancer.gov

Tobacco Control Research BranchTCRB, within NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, leads and collaborates on research and disseminates evidence-based findings to prevent, treat, and control tobacco use.

140

Improbable Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides "research that makes people laugh and then think." Links are provided to selected articles from the Journal of Improbable Research and to each year's Ig Nobel Prizes. Features include the Luxuriant Flowing Hair Club for Scientists.

2006-10-27

141

Data management routines for reproducible research using the G-Node Python Client library.  

PubMed

Structured, efficient, and secure storage of experimental data and associated meta-information constitutes one of the most pressing technical challenges in modern neuroscience, and does so particularly in electrophysiology. The German INCF Node aims to provide open-source solutions for this domain that support the scientific data management and analysis workflow, and thus facilitate future data access and reproducible research. G-Node provides a data management system, accessible through an application interface, that is based on a combination of standardized data representation and flexible data annotation to account for the variety of experimental paradigms in electrophysiology. The G-Node Python Library exposes these services to the Python environment, enabling researchers to organize and access their experimental data using their familiar tools while gaining the advantages that a centralized storage entails. The library provides powerful query features, including data slicing and selection by metadata, as well as fine-grained permission control for collaboration and data sharing. Here we demonstrate key actions in working with experimental neuroscience data, such as building a metadata structure, organizing recorded data in datasets, annotating data, or selecting data regions of interest, that can be automated to large degree using the library. Compliant with existing de-facto standards, the G-Node Python Library is compatible with many Python tools in the field of neurophysiology and thus enables seamless integration of data organization into the scientific data workflow. PMID:24634654

Sobolev, Andrey; Stoewer, Adrian; Pereira, Michael; Kellner, Christian J; Garbers, Christian; Rautenberg, Philipp L; Wachtler, Thomas

2014-01-01

142

Research 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eleven papers presented at the 1970 meeting of the Australian Science Education Research Association are arranged in five sections. The first two sections, "Countenance of Science Education Research" and "Cognitive Style," contain one paper each; the first, a review of research trends and the second, an experimental report. "Sequencing and…

Tisher, R. P., Ed.

143

Research Fundamentals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity helps students learn about research/data maniputlation volcabulary and teaches students about research fundamentals. This activity includes a glossary of terms, but there is no answer key. The best time to use this activity is before students begin research methods, or near the beginning of the course.

Combs, Charles

144

[Genealogical Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two Institute papers were concerned with genealogical research. "Manuscripts, Private Papers and Genealogical Research," deals with the handling and evaluation of unpublished and private papers in genealogical research. "The Genealogical Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints," discusses the Mormon Church's microfilming of…

McClure, Patricia Harlan

145

Current research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major research interests are cancer genetics. The current research projects involve study of somatic molecular events in maligant melanoma. Malignant melanoma that mainly afflicts Caucasian population is the major cause of death due to skin cancers. The aim of our research is to understand the somatic genetic events involved in the initiation and progression of melanoma. The impact of somatic

Jeffrey M. Brandsma; Richard Welsh

1973-01-01

146

Applied Research Grantee Research Highlights  

Cancer.gov

The Applied Research Program (ARP) supports research grants that examine how and why cancer care and control activities in the United States influence patterns of care and trends in cancer incidence, morbidity, mortality, and survival.

147

Escape from Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research to examine the impact of the US Advanced Technology Program (ATM)-sponsored consortia on the ex-post research productivity of the firms participating in this research is presented. The findings reveal that there exists a positive association between the level of participation in research and the overall research productivity of the…

Haddix, Margaret

2004-01-01

148

Research Visibility: Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research review was to demonstrate the relationship between the research and evaluation activities and the operational programs of the American Vocational Association (AVA) as it was presented to the 1970 annual convention. The 18 research reports are reviewed under these categories: (1) Awareness, Maturity, and Performance,…

Brandon, George, L., Ed.

1971-01-01

149

Research Impact and Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a 2010-11 study involving senior researchers from seven disciplines, this article explores critically some of the diverse interpretations of impact in different disciplines, sub-fields and modes of research, and researchers' views about how these interpretations articulate with top-down impact agendas and with university structures…

Oancea, Alis

2013-01-01

150

Agricultural Research Service: biodefense research.  

PubMed

The National Animal Health Program at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), includes research programs dedicated to the defense of animal agriculture against the treat of biological agents with the potential of significant economic harm and/or public health consequences. This article provides a summary of the program and identifies its relevance to national initiatives to protect livestock and poultry as well as global food security. An introduction to setting research priorities and a selection of research accomplishments that define the scope of the biodefense research program is provided. PMID:23689881

Gay, C G

2013-01-01

151

Quantitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a By means of the previously introduced Research Pyramid this chapter provides a concise overview of the quantitative research\\u000a approach. The essence of quantitative research is to use a ‘theory’ to frame and thus understand the problem at hand. Its\\u000a starting point if not focus can be to contribute to the development of theory. It is grounded in the basic attitude

Jan Jonker; Bartjan W. Pennink

152

Antarctic Research  

NSF Publications Database

... worksheet is subject to return without review. Use this Antarctic Research document with the ... Requirements Proposal Review Information NSF Proposal Review Process Review Protocol and Associated ...

153

Plant Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Land's agricultural research team is testing new ways to sustain life in space as a research participant with Kennedy Space Center's Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). The Land, sponsored by Kraft General Foods, is an entertainment, research, and education facility at EPCOT Center, part of Walt Disney World. The cooperative effort is simultaneously a research and development program, a technology demonstration that provides the public to see high technology at work and an area of potential spinoff: the CELSS work may generate Earth use technology beneficial to the hydroponic (soilless growing) vegetable production industries of the world.

1990-01-01

154

Affirmative School Integration: Efforts to Overcome De Facto Segregation in Urban Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains abbreviated accounts of eight community case studies and various reviews of a cluster of recent studies relating to race and education. The foreword discusses three phases of school integration, and the introductory chapter relates law, violence, and civil rights. The eight case studies on Evanston, Berkeley, New Haven,…

Hill, Roscoe, Ed.; Feeley, Malcolm, Ed.

155

Institutional Habitus as the De Facto Diversity Curriculum of Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unofficial "diversity curriculum" of an urban high school and how it is negotiated by prospective teachers during field experience and student-teaching experiences are examined. The school setting, including the people within it, communicate messages such as "who we are" and "how we do things here." The intermediary construct of institutional…

Cornbleth, Catherine

2010-01-01

156

Environmental assessment of the effects of polluting discharges: Stage I: Developing a post-facto baseline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of distinct community assemblages inhabiting the intertidal and marginally sublittoral areas of the north shore of the outer Severn estuary, United Kingdom, were identified by classification analysis. The abiotic characteristics of the site groups were quantified. Two unusual faunal groups characterized by the presence of the polychaetes Nephtys hombergi and Tharyx marioni, (for one group), and by Nephtys hombergi and the oligochaete Tubificoides amplivasatus (for the second group) were identified. Common to both groups but not found in other groups was the oligochaete Tubificoide brownae. The assemblages occurred in areas where there were unusually fine sediments with only a very thin oxygenated layer, which may have been produced as a result of the substantial discharges of sewage in the vicinity. It is proposed that the information pertaining to abiotic characteristics and associated community composition of each of the major site groups be used as 'baseline' information in studies to determine the impacts of polluting discharges in areas of the Severn estuary where there is considerable spatial variation in abiotic factors.

Broom, M. J.; Davies, J.; Hutchings, B.; Halcrow, W.

1991-07-01

157

Arnold's Advantages: How Governor Schwarzenegger Acquired English through De Facto Bilingual Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has repeatedly mentioned that immigrants to the United States should do what he did to acquire English: Avoid using their first languages and speak, listen to, and read a vast amount of materials in English--a combination he referred to as "immersion." Yet, Schwarzenegger's real path to successful…

Ramos, Francisco; Krashen, Stephen

2013-01-01

158

Is There a de Facto National Intended Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State content standards are the backbone of the standards-based reform movement. Content standards provide teachers with a set of guidelines for what students are expected to know and be able to do, defining the intended curriculum. And although the current 50-state system of education gives each state the task of setting content standards, there…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.; Smithson, John

2009-01-01

159

The Paradox of Ethnic Partition: Lessons from de facto Partition in Bosnia and Kosovo  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that ethnic partition, rather than resolving ethnic security dilemmas endemic to ethnic civil wars, has the paradoxical effect of reproducing wartime ethnic cleavages in the post-war period. This is because segregating combatant groups into militarily defensible self-governing territories tends to undermine the central government, ensures successive electoral victories of ultra-nationalists, and puts state resources in the hands

Erin K. Jenne

2009-01-01

160

The Growth of Foreign Qualification Suppliers in Sri Lanka: "de facto" Decentralisation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based mainly on a study of newspaper adverts for qualifications and tuition courses in Sri Lanka over a period from 1965 to 2000, this paper describes a decentralisation of control over the supply of qualifications. It is argued that this has occurred not through a deliberate policy mechanism to decentralise qualifications, but rather by default,…

Little, Angela W.; Evans, Jane

2005-01-01

161

Why do research on research?  

PubMed

The importance of research evaluation is now well recognised in some quarters but this activity is being looked upon as essentially negative by others. We believe this view to be mistaken. The case for investing some money in research evaluation is essentially a very straightforward one. It is clear that a significant fraction of the money spent on research will be wasted (ie, will produce no usable data--positive or negative--on any time-scale and will be of no educational or training value). The problem is, and has always been, that there is no way of knowing in advance which fraction of the resources will be wasted. That is the nature of research and we would not argue that it could or should be otherwise. Research is about exploration and discovery and it is inevitable that some scientific endeavours will be fruitless. Research evaluation can help to minimise resource wastage and thus the case for conducting research on research is entirely positive. Analytical techniques are available to examine the ways in which we train research workers, fund research workers, and assess research outputs; and these should be applied with a view to improving the system. There is also a strong case for setting up an effective mechanism for strategic forecasting and planning, and an urgent need to take a radical look at the entire range of biomedical research activities in the UK. It is essential that the research community should take steps to evaluate its performance and adopt a positive approach to planning. If it does not do so, assessments will be made by those without a fundamental understanding of the nature of the enterprise, and the prospects for any further increases in public support would appear to be bleak. PMID:2876245

Anderson, J; Evered, D C

1986-10-01

162

The case for a comparative, value-based alternative to the patient-centered outcomes research model for comparative effectiveness research.  

PubMed

Considerable financial and human resources have been directed toward the emerging field of comparative effectiveness research (CER) in the US. Fundamentally, the concept of CER is so logical as to be almost self-evident; namely, that research regarding therapeutic strategies should go beyond efficacy and examine objectively their real-world effects and outcomes. In practice, however, reluctance to consider difficult questions related to the many dimensions of value in health care delivery and corresponding legislative constraints placed on the US CER enterprise risk limiting the ultimate utility of this investigative model. Significant constraints have been codified into the patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) model of CER, which is emerging as the de facto method for conducting CER in the US. The experience of the authors as clinicians attempting to use CER to improve complex management decisions, for which multidimensional considerations of value represent a critical component of the overall effectiveness of alternate strategies, highlight the inability of PCOR to comprehensively inform this process. This suggests that PCOR may be a suboptimal approach for performing clinically relevant CER. In this editorial, the authors use clinical examples to highlight the limitations of the PCOR approach to CER and to propose an alternate approach, which they term "comparative, value-based effectiveness research" (CVER). The authors believe that the narrow scope and fundamental limitations of PCOR mitigate its overall value to medical decision-makers attempting to optimize overall effectiveness in the real-world setting, while a more comprehensive approach like CVER has greater potential to realize practical benefits for patients, clinicians, and society as a whole. PMID:22746240

Marko, Nicholas F; Weil, Robert J

2012-07-01

163

Research Summaries  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

164

Transparent Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines transparent research as a strategy in which the subjects of the research are fully involved in the entire process. Presents case studies of the emergency medical department of a medium-sized hospital and of a congregational development project developed in partnership with an Episcopal diocese. (JOW)

Milofsky, Carl

2000-01-01

165

Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review, the author explores an often-used process in research--the mind map. He uses this method in his own research and artwork. He also uses this extensively with students, particularly master students when they are trying to surround issues in their thesis projects. Mind maps are closely associated with brainstorming, as brainstorming…

Serig, Dan

2011-01-01

166

Ionospheric Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Statement of Work for the research to be performed under Contract AF 19(628)-4050 called for research directed toward the investigation of the lower ionosphere. Specific emphasis was placed on the design, conduction and analysis of rocket-borne A. C. ...

T. A. Seliga

1967-01-01

167

Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defined as "any systemic inquiry conducted by teachers... for the purpose of gathering information about how their particular schools operate, how they teach, and how their students learn" (Mertler, 2009), "action research" is empowering and professional research done by teachers to inform and improves their own practices. Although there are many…

Milton-Brkich, Katie Lynn; Shumbera, Kristen; Beran, Becky

2010-01-01

168

Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

Serig, Dan, Ed.

2010-01-01

169

Research Windows.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes six research studies relating to computers in education. The research areas include the use of computer-generated graphs in critical evaluation and in learning distance and velocity concepts, sex differences in graphing skills, student evaluation of courseware, career paths of women with technological education, and characteristics of…

Collis, Betty, Ed.

1988-01-01

170

Research Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educator and researcher Robert J. Sternberg's two theories, the theory of successful intelligence and theory of wisdom, are discussed. The teachers who wish to nurture students' expertise should take care of their analytical ability, creative and practical thinking.

VanDeWeghe, Rick

2004-01-01

171

Current Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To supplement your summer reading, NSTA's affiliates would like to suggest some recent articles on education research, covering such topics as diversity, technology, and science teacher retention. Start with The Science Teacher for interesting i

2009-07-01

172

Functionality Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents:Naval Researcl Laboratory (NRL):Internal Confinement/Laser Fusion: Weather Prediction: High t-c Superconducting: Space Surveillance: Finite-Volume Magnetohydrodynamics Codes: High Speed Combustion Flows: 1.2 NASA Ames Research Center: CM3...

1993-01-01

173

Deployed research.  

PubMed

The Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility (Field Hospital) in Camp Bastion (R3 Bastion) is acknowledged to be one of the busiest dedicated trauma facilities in the world. Casualties typically present with severe injuries and in physiological extremis. These casualties form a unique cohort representing the most relevant population to evaluate the effectiveness of treating battlefield injuries as academic clinicians and scientists interested in trauma seek to improve outcomes for such patients in the future. This article describes four separate but related research projects that have been undertaken in Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, over the last year. They traverse the spectrum of clinical research, ranging from data collection to a randomised control trial. The aim is to discuss some of the problems encountered and the solutions that made it possible to undertake research in a theatre of operations, thereby providing a starting point for others who may wish to initiate research in a similar environment. PMID:24786340

Nordmann, Giles; Woolley, T; Doughty, H; Dalle Lucca, J; Hutchings, S; Kirkman, E

2014-06-01

174

Action Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Defined as "any systemic inquiry conducted by teachers� for the purpose of gathering information about how their particular schools operate, how they teach, and how their students learn" (Mertler, 2009), action research is empowering and professi

Beran, Becky; Milton-Brkich, Katie L.; Shumbera, Kristen

2010-07-01

175

Ionospheric research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data from research on ionospheric D, E, and F, regions are reported. Wave propagation, mass spectrometer measurements, and atmospheric reactions of HO2 with NO and NO2 and NH2 with NO and O2 are summarized.

1975-01-01

176

Research Areas  

Cancer.gov

The CCDR focus encompasses individuals, families, organizations, institutions, providers, communities, populations, and their interactions. The breath and scope of data collected in the repository will be determined by the NCORP Cancer Care Delivery Research Coordinating Committee.

177

Ionospheric Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains research directed toward the investigation of the lower ionosphere. Specific emphasis was placed on the design, conduction and analysis of rocket-borne A.C. conductivity probes and radio wave propagation experiments. These objectives h...

T. A. Seliga

1968-01-01

178

Polar Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three major breakthroughs in Antarctic earth sciences which occurred during 1982 are discussed (finding of land fossils, meteorite, and subsurface microorganisms). Highlights of conferences, research activities, and significant publications are also discussed. (JN)

Turner, Mort D.; McKenzie, Garry D.

1983-01-01

179

Ionosphere research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A report is presented on on-going research projects in ionospheric studies. The topics discussed are planetary atmospheres, E and F region, D region, mass spectrometer measurements, direct measurements and atmospheric reactions.

1976-01-01

180

Researcher Spotlight  

Cancer.gov

Nathan Edwards, Ph.D. Currently an assistant Professor at Georgetown University Alexey I. Nesvizhskii, Ph.D. Currently an assistant professor at the University of Michigan 1 Print This Page Researcher SpotlightRSS News and Events

181

Development of multiple regression analysis instruments to predict success in advanced placement chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research asks the fundamental question: "What is the profile of the successful AP chemistry student?" Two populations of students are studied. The first population is comprised of students who attend or attended the South Carolina Governor's School for Science and Mathematics, a specialized high school for high ability students, and who have taken the Advanced Placement (AP) chemistry examination in the past five years. The second population is comprised of the 581 South Carolina public school students at 46 high schools who took the AP chemistry examination in 2000. The first part of the study is intended to be useful in recruitment and placement decisions for schools in the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology. The second part of the study is intended to facilitate AP chemistry recruitment in South Carolina public schools. The first part of the study was conducted by ex post facto searches of teacher and school records at the South Carolina Governor's School for Science and Mathematics. The second part of the study was conducted by obtaining school participation information from the SC Department of Education and soliciting data from the public schools. Data were collected from 440 of 581 (75.7%) of students in 35 of 46 (76.1%) of schools. Intercorrelational and Multiple Regression Analyses (MRA) have yielded different results for these two populations. For the specialized school population, the significant predictors for success in AP chemistry are PSAT Math, placement test, and PSAT Writing. For the population of SC students, significant predictors for success are PSAT Math, count of prior science courses, and PSAT Writing. Multiple Regressions have been successfully developed for the two populations studied. Recommendations for their application are made.

Wagner, Kurt Collins

2001-10-01

182

Research Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will allow students to practice Standard 4 Objective 2 of the Library Media Core. The students will practice the engage and extract process of doing research. Use the following links to help you do research on the topic your teacher assigned you. Encyclopedia Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia Wikipedia Thesarus Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary A Maths Dictionary for Kids Merriam-Webster Online Geography Helping Your Child Learn Geography Geography World - Conservation and Environmental Issues Oceans Life Science Biology Online. Life Science Reference Space and Astronomy KidsAstronomy.com Solar System Exploration ...

Dailey, Mrs.

2007-10-29

183

Research Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has made its 2002 Research Review available at this site. The document can be downloaded as a whole or in segments by its nine subject areas. An interesting look at "low-wind-speed turbines" discusses the importance of several turbine components in designing an efficient, low-cost source of power. Vehicle emissions and hydrogen fuel cell applications are among several other areas covered. The Research Review is written in a very non-technical manner, so it is ideal for anyone wanting to learn about renewable energy and clean technologies.

2003-01-01

184

Welding Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Welding fabrication and welding processes were studied. The following research projects are reported: (1) welding fabrication; (2) residual stresses and distortion in structural weldments in high strength steels; (3) improvement of reliability of welding by in process sensing and control (development of smart welding machines for girth welding of pipes); (4) development of fully automated and integrated welding systems for marine applications; (5) advancement of welding technology; (6) research on metal working by high power laser (7) flux development; (8) heat and fluid flow; (9) mechanical properties developments.

1982-01-01

185

Research Frontier  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New research topics have been brought about by the acceleration of nitrogen nuclei to the energy of 36 billion electron volts. Describes experiments on tumor cells, cosmic rays, and nuclear fission performed with the Bevatron at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. (TS)

Physics Teacher, 1971

1971-01-01

186

Learning Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of four papers presented during a symposium on learning research moderated by Keith Johansen at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD). "A Goal-Based Scenario (GBS) as a Unified Approach to Integrated Skills Development Training: Andersen Consulting's BanDS School" (Kurt J. Olson, Jeffrey M.…

1996

187

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in the Department of Bioengineering at Rice University are developing a new approach for fighting cancer, based on nanoshells that can both detect and destroy cancerous cells. The aim is to locate the cells, and be able to make a rational choice about whether they need to be destroyed and if possible they should immediately be sent for…

King, Angela G.

2005-01-01

188

Researching Complexity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses what Complexity Theory (presented as a rubric that collects theoretical understandings from a number of domains such as ecology, biology, neurology, and education) suggests about mind, selfhood, intelligence, and practices of reading, and the import of these reconceptualizations to reader-response researchers. Concludes that developing…

Sumara, Dennis J.

2000-01-01

189

Teaching Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different assumptions about reality and knowing underpin different research methods. Contrasting a phenomenological\\/ interpretivist approach with the assumptions of positivism, I describe teaching about philosophical issues in master's and doctoral courses. At the master's level, exercises in observation introduce students to social constructionist concepts; at the doctoral level the framework emphasizes five levels of re-presentation of experience: attending, telling, transcribing,

Catherine Kohler Riessman

1994-01-01

190

Energy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Group of Eight (Go8) is a coalition of leading Australian universities, intensive in research and comprehensive in general and professional education. The Go8 member universities recognise that the issue of energy usage and transformation is one of vital importance not only to Australia but to the world as a whole. The universities aim to make…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

191

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nanotechnology are employed by researchers at Northwestern University to develop a method of labeling disease markers present in blood with unique DNA tags they have dubbed "bio-bar-codes". The preparation of nanoparticle and magnetic microparticle probes and a nanoparticle-based PSR-less DNA amplification scheme are involved by the DNA-BCA assay.

King, Angela G.

2004-01-01

192

Population Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scope of population research as carried on by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is set forth in this booklet. Population problems of the world, United States, and the individual are considered along with international population policies based on voluntary family planning programs. NICHD goals for biological…

National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

193

Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents summaries of recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized provides a review of research documenting that even when children are not physically proximal to a national disaster (9/11), they may still have negative reactions. The second article summarized is an examination of the PTSD diagnostic criterion…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Bratica, Robyn; Dempsey, Jack R.; Karle, Jessica

2009-01-01

194

Embryological Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To integrate a research/discovery component into one course, an experiment using the sea urchin embryo system is introduced because the teacher manages only one organism and students provide the variables. The materials, handling methods, and experimental methods of the experiment are described. (YP)

Oppenheimer, Steven B.

1989-01-01

195

Research Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents research abstracts from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology. Topics include: classroom communication apprehension and distance education; outcomes of a distance-delivered science course; the NASA/Kennedy Space Center Virtual Science Mentor program; survey of traditional and distance learning higher education members;…

Plotnick, Eric

2001-01-01

196

Research Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Achievements in Sino-German Interdisciplinary Major Research Project Published by Small A Conserved Proline Switch on the Ribosome Facilitates the Recruitment and Binding of trGTPases Air Pollution Contributes in Sunshine Dimming in China Role of Lymphatic Trafficking and Biodistribution Soft Fibrin Gels Promote Selection and Growth of Tumorigenic Cells Targeted Therapy: The New Lease on Life for Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, and Beyond The Structural Basis for the Sensing and Binding of Cyclic di-GMP by STING Research on Atomic-Scale Investigation of Li Storage Mechanism in Spinel Li4Ti5O12 NSFC Funded Project Made Significant Progress in Intelligent Nanomaterial and Device Palaeobotany and the Evolution of the Monsoon in China Non Heme System Asymmetric Epoxidation Reaction Made Progress Rapid Advancement of Immunology Study in China Chinese Experts Successfully Produced Transgenic Animals from Haploid Embryonic Stem Cells

2012-12-01

197

Basic Research 1994 Research Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents (Partial): Improved Coal Gas Content Measurement Method; CoreGas(TM) Database; C15+ Hydrocarbon Inventory Data for San Juan Basin Coal Seam Gas Wells; Transfer of Basic Drill Bit Research to the Drilling Technology Team; Transfer of Basi...

W. R. Staats

1995-01-01

198

Element Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You have been assigned an element during class. Your mission is to research information about your element. Create a Word document with the title of your element. Save your work regularly! Next, use the resources on this page to find and record the following information in your word document. (Hint: copy and paste the questions into your word document, then answer them.) See It s Elemental for electron configuration - ...

Wall, Mr.

2008-12-09

199

Research Summaries  

Cancer.gov

Nutritional epidemiologists and nutritionists rely on self-reported dietary information when they conduct research and surveillance activities. This information is often derived from food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), which attempts to measure a person's usual intake over a defined time (usually a year). Although it is well known that this information contains errors, the qualitative and quantitative nature of these errors is not well understood.

200

Research essentials.  

PubMed

CENTRAL TO the modernisation agenda in the UK, patient-public involvement (PPI) emphasises the involvement of service users and carers in all aspects of health care, from commissioning of services and service design to contributing to research agendas. This involvement is grounded in a desire to make health care more responsive to the needs of the patient and enhance the quality of care and treatments. PMID:25004039

Collier, Sue

2014-07-01

201

Research Summaries  

Cancer.gov

As consensus has emerged about the specific aspects of dietary patterns that promote health and reduce disease risks, the social epidemiology of dietary risk factors has received increasing attention. This area of research focuses on issues such as the extent to which the diets of specific population groups adhere to dietary guidelines, the factors that influence dietary patterns and changes, and the particular populations or groups that are experiencing improving dietary patterns or patterns that increase risk of diet-related diseases.

202

2008 Research Portfolio: Research & Development Division  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the breadth of the research being conducted in 2008 by the Research and Development Division at Educational Testing Service (ETS). The research described falls into three large categories: (1) Research supported by the ETS research allocation; (2) Research funded by testing programs at ETS; and (3) Research funded by…

Educational Testing Service, 2008

2008-01-01

203

Riblet Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research at Langley on skin friction drag was described in Tech Briefs. 3M engineers suggested to Langley that grooves molded into a lightweight plastic film with adhesive backing and pressed on an airplane would be simpler than cutting grooves directly onto the surface. Boeing became involved and tested the "riblet" on an olympic rowing shell; the US won a silver medal. Based on the riblet-like projections on shark's skins, the technology may provide a 5 percent fuel saving for airplanes. Product is no longer commercially available.

1985-01-01

204

Research essentials.  

PubMed

HAVING DEVELOPED your research question, the next step is to consider which methodology is most suited to your study. If you are investigating the effect of a new dressing on wound healing you might consider using a traditional scientific approach - known as quantitative - that compares the effect of the dressing in one group of children with a control group using the usual method. However, if you are interested in studying parents' or children's views about the effect of that dressing on quality of life, a qualitative approach is more appropriate ( Maltby et al 2010 ). PMID:24805024

Gaskin, Kerry; Chapman, Sue

2014-05-01

205

Mountain research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newly incorporated International Mountain Society (IMS) will in May begin publication of an interdisciplinary scientific journal, Mountain Research and Development. The quarterly will be copublished with the United National University; additional support will come from UNESCO.A primary objective of IMS is to ‘help solve mountain land-use problems by developing a foundation of scientific and technical knowledge on which to base management decisions,’ according to Jack D. Ives, president of the Boulder-based organization. ‘The Society is strongly committed to the belief that a rational worldwide approach to mountain problems must involve a wide range of disciplines in the natural and human sciences, medicine, architecture, engineering, and technology.’

206

Biomedical research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Biomedical problems encountered by man in space which have been identified as a result of previous experience in simulated or actual spaceflight include cardiovascular deconditioning, motion sickness, bone loss, muscle atrophy, red cell alterations, fluid and electrolyte loss, radiation effects, radiation protection, behavior, and performance. The investigations and the findings in each of these areas were reviewed. A description of how biomedical research is organized within NASA, how it is funded, and how it is being reoriented to meet the needs of future manned space missions is also provided.

1981-01-01

207

Atomic research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Work performed by the University of Alabama in Huntsville's (UAH) Center for Applied Optics (CAO) entitled Atomic Research is documented. Atomic oxygen (AO) effects on materials have long been a critical concern in designing spacecraft to withstand exposure to the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) environment. The objective of this research effort was to provide technical expertise in the design of instrumentation and experimental techniques for analyzing materials exposed to atomic oxygen in accelerated testing at NASA/MSFC. Such testing was required to answer fundamental questions concerning Space Station Freedom (SSF) candidate materials and materials exposed to atomic oxygen aboard the Long-Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF). The primary UAH task was to provide technical design, review, and analysis to MSFC in the development of a state-of-the-art 5eV atomic oxygen beam facility required to simulate the RAM-induced low earth orbit (LEO) AO environment. This development was to be accomplished primarily at NASA/MSFC. In support of this task, contamination effects and ultraviolet (UV) simulation testing was also to be carried out using NASA/MSFC facilities. Any materials analysis of LDEF samples was to be accomplished at UAH.

Hadaway, James B.; Connatser, Robert; Cothren, Bobby; Johnson, R. B.

1993-01-01

208

Structures research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main objective of the structures group is to provide quality aerospace research with the Center for Aerospace Research - A NASA Center for Excellence at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. The group includes dedicated faculty and students who have a proven record in the area of structures, in particular space structures. The participating faculty developed accurate mathematical models and effective computational algorithms to characterize the flexibility parameters of joint dominated beam-truss structures. Both experimental and theoretical modelling has been applied to the dynamic mode shapes and mode frequencies for a large truss system. During the past few months, the above procedures has been applied to the hypersonic transport plane model. The plane structure has been modeled as a lumped mass system by Doctor Abu-Saba while Doctor Shen applied the transfer matrix method with a piecewise continuous Timoshenko tapered beam model. Results from both procedures compare favorably with those obtained using the finite element method. These two methods are more compact and require less computer time than the finite element method. The group intends to perform experiments on structural systems including the hypersonic plane model to verify the results from the theoretical models.

Abu-Saba, Elias; Mcginley, Williams; Shen, Ji-Yao

1992-01-01

209

Glass research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research efforts span three general areas of glass science: glass refining, gel-derived glasses, and nucleation and crystallization of glasses. Gas bubbles which are present in a glass product are defects which may render the glass totally useless for the end application. For example, optical glasses, laser host glasses, and a variety of other specialty glasses must be prepared virtually defect free to be employable. Since a major mechanism of bubble removal, buoyant rise, is virtually inoperative in microgravity, glass fining will be especially difficult in space. On the other hand, the suppression of buoyant rise and the ability to perform containerless melting experiments in space allows the opportunity to carry out several unique bubble experiments in space. Gas bubble dissolution studies may be performed at elevated temperatures for large bubbles with negligible bubble motion. Also, bubble nucleation studies may be performed without the disturbing feature of heterogeneous bubble nucleation at the platinum walls. Ground based research efforts are being performed in support of these potential flight experiments.

Weinberg, M. C.

1985-01-01

210

Strategy in Psychosomatic Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The task of psychosomatic research; Mediating mechanisms and research strategy; Psychologic mechanisms and research strategy; The interdependence of all approaches in psychosomatic research; An organizational approach.

J. W. Mason

1970-01-01

211

Hurricane Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will play the role of a senior science advisor for the Louisiana Environmental Agency. Due to the recent damaging and deadly hurricanes during 2005 (i.e., Hurricane Katrina) through 2008, they, along with their team of climatologists, meteorologists, and environmental impact experts, have been tasked to study the danger of future tropical storms. Specifically, they will investigate the potential for future deadly and damaging hurricanes to impact the Gulf Coast area. Students will research possible trends present in atmospheric and oceanic conditions which may affect future hurricane frequency and or intensity and create a summary discussing what steps should be taken, if any, to mitigate the danger of future hurricanes in their specific area or selected area for a better understanding of hurricanes.

212

Undergraduate Research Centers (URC)  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Centers (URC) Synopsis of Program: The Undergraduate Research Center (URC) Program seeks ... nation?s research enterprise. The research underlying an URC should provide exposure to research of ...

213

An investigation of factors that influence the duration of IT outsourcing relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past studies in the IT outsourcing area have examined the management of IT outsourcing relationships from a variety of perspectives. The present paper extends this line of research. In this study, we take a multi-theoretic perspective to explore factors that determine the duration of continuing IT outsourcing relationships between vendor and client firms. Five ex-ante and two ex- post factors

Jahyun Goo; Rajiv Kishore; Kichan Nam; H. Raghav Rao; Yongil Song

2007-01-01

214

Adaptation to Climate Change in Marine Capture Fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Research Report responds to the challenge for marine capture fisheries of how and when to adapt to climate change. The report presents: (1) a set of fisheries climate change policy options (2) a risk and vulnerability assessment tool and management decision-making framework; and (3) ex ante and ex post climate adaptation possibilities in the marine environment. The report also

R. Quentin Grafton

2009-01-01

215

WORLD CUP 2010: SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES AND POLICY CHALLENGES INFORMED BY THE EXPERIENCE OF GERMANY 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an ex post analysis of the financial burden and economic benefits of the World Cup (WC) in Germany 2006. Based on the usual cost-benefit measures, the experience of WC 2006 appears to be in line with existing empirical research on large sporting events and sports stadiums, which have rarely identified significant net economic benefits. The lessons from

WOLFGANG MAENNIG; STAN du PLESSIS

2007-01-01

216

Why did Countries Adopt the Gold Standard? Lessons from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why did policymakers adopt the gold standard? Although previous research has identified ex post effects of gold standard adoption on trade and bond yields, few studies have sought to understand whether these were the actual outcomes of interest to policymakers at the time of adoption. We examine the political economy of Japan’s adoption of the gold standard in 1897 by

Kris James Mitchener; Masato Shizume; Marc D. Weidenmier

2009-01-01

217

Basic Research, Applied Research, New Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Institute's research, evaluation, and development endeavors fall into three main categories: basic research, applied research, and the testing of new ideas and technologies. This section is an overview of NIJ's activities in these three areas. It incl...

J. Burack W. Lewis E. Marks D. H. Bayley R. M. Perito M. Berkow

1997-01-01

218

Research Equipment Funding  

NSF Publications Database

RESEARCH EQUIPMENT FUNDING CHEMICAL & TRANSPORT SYSTEMS DIVISION NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION The ... for significant research equipment expenditures through the Major Research Instrumentation Program ...

219

Extramural Research and Research Training Grant Mechanisms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes the variety of research and research training grant mechanisms available from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). The first section briefly describes the following extramural research grant programs: investigator-initiated research project grants; the Small Grant program; First…

National Inst. on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders, Bethesda, MD.

220

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner–Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practitioner–researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two sources of pressure on novice education researchers that may hinder their development as qualitative researchers.

Rebecca D. Cox

2012-01-01

221

Research and Research Methods in Geographical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines research methods in geographical education in nine countries. "Research Methods in the History of Geographical Education" (William Marsden, the United Kingdom) examines the methods used and some of the research undertaken in the history of geographical education. "Research Methods in Investigating Children's and…

Graves, Norman J., Ed.

222

Developing Professional Researchers: Research Students' Graduate Attributes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impetus to broaden the scope of research education is not new. Since the 1970s, concern has been expressed about the suitability of research education as preparation for a research career outside academe. Universities have been criticized for producing over-specialized research graduates, who struggle to apply their expertise to new workplace…

Manathunga, Catherine; Lant, Paul; Mellick, George

2007-01-01

223

Teacher Research: Getting Started. Research to Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typically, teacher research is conducted because teachers want to have some questions answered. Starting effective teacher research begins by framing the question in a way that will yield the best research. Three important suggestions when framing teacher research questions are as follows: the question needs to be open ended enough to allow…

Bardine, Bryan

224

CRCHD PNP: Participating Research Sites  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD PNP: Participating Research Sites  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Participating Research Sites Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Overview Research

225

1991 research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These activities exemplify the Center's varied and productive research efforts for 1991.

1992-01-01

226

Formulating a Research Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial discusses the conceptual development of a research goal, beginning with the formation of a research question. It also explains the links between a research question, specific aims, hypotheses, and long-term research goals.

The Research Assistant (Danya International, Inc.)

2003-08-12

227

Research Abstracts of 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These abstracts are a synopsis of research reported inn 1982 by the scientific staff of the Naval Dental Research Institute and collaborators at other research activities. Research topics include: Longevity of Amalgam Restorations - A Retrospective View; ...

1982-01-01

228

Research and technology, 1992  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These activities exemplify the Center's varied and productive research efforts for 1992.

1993-01-01

229

Undergraduate Research Centers  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Centers (URC) Synopsis of Program: This pilot program of Undergraduate Research Centers ... research to include first- and second-year college students; and (2) to enhance the research ...

230

Lymphoma Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... at cancer treatment centers nationwide. Read More LYMPHOMA RESEARCH Featured Researcher – Hans-Guido Wendel, MD Dr. Wendel ... and Advocacy News Action Center Advocacy Tool Kit Research LRF Research Portfolio Disease-Specific Focus Areas Grants ...

231

Applied Logistics Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Applied Logistics Research program was initiated by the Air Force Research Laboratory's Logistics Readiness Branch (AFRL/HEAL) to provide specialized research support to develop, demonstrate, and evaluate logistics technologies. Specific research task...

P. J. Vincent

2006-01-01

232

USSOCOM Research Topics 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The USSOCOM Research Topics 2012 list represents an effort to identify, categorize, and list SOF-related research topics for research by PME students, JSOU senior fellows, and other SOF researchers who desire to make timely and meaningful contributions to...

2012-01-01

233

Research and Technology, 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These accomplishments exemplify the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1989.

1990-01-01

234

Research and technology, 1993  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These activities exemplify the center's varied and productive research efforts for 1993. This year's report presents some of the challenging work recently accomplished in the areas of aerospace systems, flight operations and research, aerophysics, and space research.

1994-01-01

235

From Evaluation to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally there has been a tension between evaluation research and so-called pure research which has resulted in evaluation research seldom being recognized by the UK Research Assessment Exercises. The newly configured Research Excellence Framework (REF) will use similar criteria to judge research, notwithstanding the introduction of…

Arthur, Linet; Cox, Elaine

2014-01-01

236

Fundamentals of quantitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this article is to introduce some important fundamental concepts of quantitative research to readers especially novice researchers. It comprises types of research, definitions of quantitative research, different types and assumptions of quantitative research, when to use and not to use quantitative methods, advantages, common approaches and samples of quantitative research, and common misconceptions. Besides, a set

Suphat Sukamolson

237

Air Research Program: Near Roadway Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The near roadway research track uses animal and human studies to better understand the associations between roadway proximity and adverse cardiopulmonary and neurological effects. This research will yield animal and human toxicity data in parallel with exposure assessment efforts...

238

Engine Research Center: Advanced Diesel Engine Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the Engine Research Center (ERC) are to conduct research leading to improved diesel engines, to provide trained manpower for U. S. needs, and to cooperate in technical information exchange with Army and other engine laboratories. Fundame...

M. Corradini P. Farrell D. Foster J. Ghandhi J. Martin

1999-01-01

239

Research Supervision: The Research Management Matrix  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We briefly make a case for re-conceptualising research project supervision/advising as the consideration of three inter-related areas: the learning and teaching process; developing the student; and producing the research project/outcome as a social practice. We use this as our theoretical base for an heuristic tool, "the research management…

Maxwell, T. W.; Smyth, Robyn

2010-01-01

240

Chief, Outcomes Research Branch, Applied Research Program  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI), a major research component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), is conducting a national search for the Chief of the Outcomes Research Branch (ORB) within the Applied Research Program (ARP).

241

Governing Knowledge: Research Steering and Research Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that the "quality" debate in education research is not so much about quality as about creating the conditions in which research and knowledge production in the field of education can be managed and steered. The criticisms of research in education have destabilised the field and promoted its closer dependence on and alignment…

Ozga, Jenny

2008-01-01

242

Education and Conflict: Research and Research Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project aimed to undertake a scoping study of existent and potential research into the relationship between education and conflict, peace building and post-conflict situations, both nationally and internationally. Within this aim, the project investigates the main research dimensions of this area, identifies gaps in the research literature,…

Tomlinson, Kathryn; Benefield, Pauline

2005-01-01

243

Researching Teacher-Research: A Practitioner's Retrospective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the role of teacher-researchers, who try to analyze their own teaching and their students' learning for the purpose of benefiting both. Narrates the development of a teacher-researcher's projects and the program of reading informing the projects. Presents a picture of the teacher-researcher movement at a crucial moment in its emergence.…

Fleischer, Cathy

1994-01-01

244

Research Leadership as Entrepreneurial Organizing for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper discusses research leadership in public universities under change and the role of entrepreneurial strategies in research. Research leadership function today in situations where the New Public Management movement one the one hand have introduced management by accountability and control in the university while on the other hand open…

Hansson, Finn; Monsted, Mette

2008-01-01

245

Researching the individual in workplace research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researching how people are educated for practice has often been seen as problematic. We recommend qualitative approaches that draw on hermeneutic phenomenology and narrative inquiry. It is our intention to outline approaches that we believe can be used in an emerging research agenda. We begin by examining assumptions underlying much workplace research and recent trends, such as social constructionism. There

Stephen Loftus; Joy Higgs

2010-01-01

246

De Facto School Segregation; Hearings Before A Special Subcommittee on Investigation of De Facto Racial Segregation in Chicago Public Schools (Washington, D.C., July 27-28, 1965).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document consists of the testimony given at Congressional hearings in 1965. Included are statements by educators, labor leaders, and representatives of various organizations relevant to the status of defacto segregation in the Chicago public schools. (NH)

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

247

Researches on radar technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Electronic Systems Research Center (ESRC), various researches have been conducted to realize defense radars with excellent functions and performance. This presentation introduces some of those radar research programs. Especially, the research concerning active phased array antenna started in an early stage of the 1970s. Successive various basic research programs have been conducted and finally led to successful development of

T. Itoh

2009-01-01

248

What is participatory research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research strategies which emphasize participation are increasingly used in health research. Breaking the linear mould of conventional research, participatory research focuses on a process of sequential reflection and action, carried out with and by local people rather than on them. Local knowledge and perspectives are not only acknowledged but form the basis for research and planning. Many of the methods

Andrea Cornwall; Rachel Jewkes

1995-01-01

249

Nuclear energy related research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The annual Research Program Plan describes publicly funded nuclear energy related research to be carried out mainly at the Technical Research Center of Finland (VTT) in 1992. The research is financed primarily by the Ministry of Trade and Industry (KTM), the Finnish Center for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK), and VTT itself. Other research institutes, utilities, and industry also contribute to many projects.

Rintamaa, R.

1992-05-01

250

Exercised Voice as Management Failure: Implications of Willing Compliance Theories of Management and Individualism for De Facto Employee Voice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of employee voice for organizations and individuals are well known, but in practice those who exercise voice sometimes face serious sanctions. Tensions surrounding voice are rooted in tacit presumptions of willing compliance embedded in influential theories of management, particularly the works of Chester Barnard and Herbert Simon and those who follow their traditions. Employees who exercise voice demonstrate

Linda A. Krefting; Kathleen J. Powers

1998-01-01

251

Treating Psychological Problems in Medical Settings: Primary Care as the De Facto Mental Health System and the Role of Hypnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological comorbidity with medical illness is associated with poor health status, complicated medical management, and increased utilization and greater costs of medical services. Hypnosis practitioners in specialty psychological or psychiatric treatment settings infrequently treat such patients, since there is a greater likelihood of patients’ psychological problems being treated solely in primary medical care. Referring patients from primary care to the

RODGER KESSLER

2005-01-01

252

Emergent Theory and the Effects of Structural Reforms on De Facto Tracking in Two Comprehensive High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study accepted the theoretical framework of Friedkin and Thomas (1997), who proposed that tracking systems in large comprehensive high schools are emergent. The study replicates a network analysis methodology used by Heck, Price, and Thomas (2004) to understand the way tracking emerged in one high school in Hawaii. However, this study…

Talbot, Sarah Margaret

2009-01-01

253

On the Comfort of the Wilderness: The Significance of Lord Andrew Adonis, De Facto Secretary of State for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here Francis Beckett, formerly Education Correspondent of the New Statesman and long-time member of the Labour Party "Comprehensive Futures" group set up to further the cause of non-selective schools for all children reflects on the prospects for radical state education in New Labour's third term. He argues that with Andrew Adonis made a lord to…

Beckett, Francis

2005-01-01

254

Oral Societies and Colonial Experiences: Sub-Saharan Africa and the "de-facto" Power of the Written Word  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pre-colonial traditional societies in Sub-Saharan Africa were mostly oral societies whose languages were not written. In the African context, especially, it was clear that the mostly oral traditions of these societies' languages were neither being appreciated nor promoted as media of communication, or means of education by the invading Europeans.…

Abdi, Ali A.

2007-01-01

255

Dystonia Medical Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... of Dystonia Research Research News Funding Programs Current Research Dystonia Coalition About DMRF Mission People Dystonia Dialogue DMRF Insights Blog For the Media Connect Contact Us Privacy Policy Find a Support Group Attend an Event

256

Research Advocacy at NCI  

Cancer.gov

The patient perspective research advocates brings into NCI’s research enterprise helps to inform research focus and support the dissemination of results that lead to new and better cancer prevention, detection, and treatment methods.

257

NRMRL BIOSOLIDS RESEARCH UNDERWAY  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) has a reputation for producing useful and highly regarded research in the area of wastewater sludges and biosolids. Presently many projects are underway which uphold this reputation. NRMRL biosolids research can be categori...

258

Nanomaterial Research Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Nanomaterial Research Strategy is to guide the EPAs Office of Research and Development program in nanomaterial research. The strategy builds on and is consistent with the foundation of scientific needs identified by the Nanotechnology E...

2009-01-01

259

The significance of research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When promoting the value of their research or procuring funding, researchers often need to explain the significance of their work to the community -- something that can be just as tricky as the research itself.

2014-02-01

260

Research Abstracts of 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These abstracts are a synopsis of research reported in 1978 at various scientific meetings by the scientific staff of the Naval Dental Research Institute and collaborators from other research activities. (Author)

1978-01-01

261

Accelerating Translational Research  

Cancer.gov

Accelerating Translational Research Coordinating and facilitating translational research initiatives across the NCI and the cancer research community. NCI Translational Science Meetings NCI Translates - July 28-29, 2011 NCI Translates - 2009 NCI Translates

262

Research in Nursing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reviews the definition and purpose of research. Demonstrates the 16 major steps involved in the research process by using the hypothetical research study. Includes question and answer session. Primary audience: nurses.

1994-01-01

263

WILDLIFE RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

This document describes a strategy for conducting wildlife effects research within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL). The NHEEL wildlife research strategy is designed to address critical researc...

264

Research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes various research and technology activities at Ames Moffett and Ames Dryden Research Centers. Highlights of these accomplishments indicate the Centers' varied and highly productive research efforts for 1987.

1988-01-01

265

Early Detection Research Worldwide  

Cancer.gov

Genetic research on cancer has grown tremendously in the last decade, and the increase in the number of published research articles has been truly phenomenal. However, molecular and genetic research focusing on the early detection of cancer is still lagging.

266

Research on Catalysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives and philosophy of the Catalysis Laboratory at Brigham Young University are discussed. Also discusses recent and current research activities at the laboratory as well as educational opportunities, research facilities, and sources of research support. (JN)

Bartholomew, Calvin H.; Hecker, William C.

1984-01-01

267

Research in Health Practices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to stimulate inter-disciplinary action-oriented research in the field of medical education and health practices, the Indian Council of Medical Research constituted an Expert Committee on Research in Health Practices, and the present report embodi...

K. N. Rao D. Anand B. G. Prasad B. G. Tiwari T. R. Pareek

1970-01-01

268

About the Research Group  

Cancer.gov

About the Research Group Mission Designs, develops, implements, and monitors chemoprevention research efforts in the areas of lung and head and neck cancers. Implements research through clinical trials screening, testing, and validating new technologies

269

USSOCOM Research Topics 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) 2011 Research Topics list is intended to guide research projects for Professional Military Education (PME) students, JSOU faculty, research fellows, and others writing about special operations during ...

2010-01-01

270

USSOCOM Research Topics 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) 2010 Research Topics list, produced by the Joint Special Operations University (JSOU), is intended to guide research projects for Professional Military Education (PME) students, JSOU faculty, research...

2010-01-01

271

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the funded work was to establish the NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) whose mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation- related basic and applied neuroscience research. Funding supported the development of research studies in th...

A. Dromerick

2008-01-01

272

Kids 4 Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about animals in research, the research process, and the benefits of research for K-6 students. There is also a resource section with online games, downloads, and additional information, such as "Caring for Classroom Pets."

Kids4Research (Kids4Research)

2001-01-01

273

WASTE RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Waste Research Strategy covers research necessary to support both the proper management of solid and hazardous wastes and the effective remediation of contaminated waste sites. This research includes improving the assessment of existing environmental risks, as well as develop...

274

An evaluation of a science professional development model: Examining participants' learning and use of new knowledge and skills, organizational support and change, and student learning outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of this study was to determine in what ways science professional development would support kindergarten through sixth grade teachers in their implementation of a revised curriculum. The problem centered on evaluating the relationship between professional development involvement and teachers' learning and use of new knowledge and skills, organizational support and change, and student learning outcomes. Using data derived from survey responses and other sources (e.g., test scores, financial records, etc.), this study examined use of a science course of study, use of activities/experiments from workshops, use and adequacy of materials adoptions, administrative support, and achievement scores. This research was completed using an Ex Post Facto research design. Using the General Linear Model and causal-comparative analyses, thus study significantly concluded that teachers with a higher level of involvement in science professional development were more likely to use the revised course of study for lesson planning and to perceive materials adoptions as being adequate, and that districts that had participated in science professional development to revise curriculum showed more gains in student learning outcomes. Data on teachers' learning and use of new knowledge and skills implied that districts needed to continue to design teacher leadership situations that implement long-term professional development, build capacity for shared decision making, create a supportive environment for leaders, and incorporate assessments. Teacher leaders needed to actively engage in action research as a professional development strategy to promote reflection on their teaching and student learning. Data on organizational support and change implied that without logistical and financial support for teaching and learning in terms of hands-on materials, teachers would be unable to support future curriculum improvement efforts. Building principals needed to play a more active role in the implementation of curriculum. Data on student learning outcomes implied that both content knowledge and inquiry skills were critical bases for curriculum in terms of teacher efficacy and student achievement. Teachers needed to examine student work as a professional development strategy to also promote reflection on teaching and learning. Further research and professional development in the area of science assessment, in terms of scientific content and processes, was suggested.

Zender, Georgi Anne

275

A theory of requirements definition in engineering design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional requirements-definition activities begin with the engineer or design team performing a needs-analysis to identify user requirements. Needs-analysis is generally subjective, and varies according to the composition and experience of the design team. Systematic procedures for defining and ranking requirements are necessary to consolidate the foundation on which the design process is predicated, and to enhance its outcome by providing the designer with a consistent, reliable approach to product development. As a first step towards developing such procedures, research was conducted at Stanford University using empirical data from a NASA spaceflight experiment that flew aboard Space Shuttle mission STS-90 (April 1998). This research was accomplished using ex post facto data analysis. This researcher served in the central role of Experiment Manager for the spaceflight experiment, and acted as a participant-observer while conducting formal research. To better understand requirement structure and evolution, individual requirements were decomposed using AND/OR graphs. The AND/OR graph data structure illustrates requirements evolution, and reveals that the original requirement is often met by fulfilling a series of sub-requirements that are easier to implement. Early in the product life cycle, many hundreds of potential needs were identified; however, it was a smaller subset of these initial needs that were realized in the final product. Based on analysis of a large group of requirements, it was observed that two critical components for any individual requirement were: (1) a stated need, and (2) an advocate to implement the need. Identification of need, or needs-analysis, although a necessary condition, is insufficient to ensure that a stated need evolves into a formal requirement. Equally important to the concept of requirements-definition is the notion of advocacy. Early in the product development cycle of the of the NASA experiment, many potential needs were identified; however, it was only through need-advocate pairing that a stated need became a requirement. Empirical data revealed that when needs were accompanied by strong advocates, they became clear requirements. Conversely, needs without advocates did not become requirements. Hence, need-advocate pairing is useful for predicting needs which will become requirements, and more importantly, needs at risk of not becoming requirements.

Eodice, Michael Thomas

2000-10-01

276

[Memorandum prevention research - research areas and methods].  

PubMed

From 2004 to 2012, the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) established its first funding programme for the promotion of prevention research. 60 projects on primary prevention and health promotion and the meta-project entitled "Cooperation for Sustainable Prevention Research" (KNP) received BMBF grants under this programme during this period. The experience and knowledge gained and recommendations arising from the research funded under this programme are compiled in memorandum format. The "Memorandum on Prevention Research - Research Areas and Methods" highlights 5 research areas that are considered to be especially relevant from the perspective of the involved scientists and practice partners.The promotion of structural development and sustainability enhancement in disease prevention and health promotion are central areas that should branch out from existing nuclei of crystallization. Improving the health competence of the population and of specific subpopulations is another major area. Research in these areas should contribute to the development of theoretical concepts and to the empirical testing of these concepts. The transfer of knowledge for effective use of developed disease prevention and health promotion programmes and measures is still a scarcely researched area. Among other things, studies of the transfer of programmes from one context to another, analyses of the coop-eration between politics and science, and the continued theoretical and conceptual development of transfer research are needed. Long-term data on the effects of intervention studies are also needed for proper evaluation of sustainability. The latter dem-onstrates the importance of method development in disease prevention and health promotion research as an area that should receive separate funding and support. This research should include, in particular, studies of the efficacy of complex interventions, health economic analyses, and participative health research. PMID:23165608

Walter, U; Nöcker, G; Plaumann, M; Linden, S; Pott, E; Koch, U; Pawils, S; Altgeld, T; Dierks, M L; Frahsa, A; Jahn, I; Krauth, C; Pomp, M; Rehaag, R; Robra, B P; Süß, W; Töppich, J; Trojan, A; von Unger, H; Wildner, M; Wright, M

2012-10-01

277

Research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of the Langley Research Center is to engage in the basic and applied research necessary for the advancement of aeronautics and space flight, to generate new and advanced concepts for the accomplishment of related national goals, and to provide research advice, technological support, and assistance to other NASA installations, other government agencies, and industry. This Langley Research Center 1985 Annual Report on Research and Technology contains highlights of major accomplishments and applications made during the past year. The highlights illustrate both the broad range of the research and technology activities at the Langley Research Center and the contributions of this work toward maintaining United States leadership in aeronautics and space research.

1985-01-01

278

National Research Register (NRR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Volume one of this major new resource for medical researchers was recently placed online by the United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS). This premiere NRR volume contains information on over 28,000 NHS-funded research projects, "as well as entries from the Medical Research Council's Clinical Trials Register, and details on reviews in progress collected by the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination." Users can browse the entries to locate unpublished research, identify researchers pursuing related subjects, and avoid duplication. Information available includes lead researcher, research question, methodology, sample group, project status, outcome measures and research project contacts. An online search engine with numerous search options is provided.

279

Western Conifers Research Cooperative 1987 research plan  

SciTech Connect

The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within four research Cooperatives. The Western Cooperative is concerned with the effects of atmospheric deposition on coniferous forests in the eleven conterminous western states. The 1987 Research Plan first outlines the objectives and research strategy of the FRP. The objectives and strategy of the Western Cooperative are then described in the context of the parent organization. The 1986 Western Cooperative program is reviewed followed by a description of the 1987 program. Brief descriptions of each of the individual 1987 research projects are also given.

Olson, R.K.

1987-08-01

280

Tall Timbers Research Station: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tall Timbers Research Station works to foster land stewardship through its research, conservation, and education efforts. Located in Tallahassee, Florida, the Tall Timbers Station conducts research in the areas of Fire Ecology, Resource Management, Vertebrate Ecology, Forestry, and Northern Bobwhite Quail studies. The Station's website contains overviews of its five major research programs and offers information regarding research jobs and internships. Tall Timbers also provides downloadable copies of its _Research Notes_ publication, and lists a variety of staff publications (some of which are downloadable). In addition, Tall Timbers features the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database (reported on in the Scout Report for Science & Engineering, January 6, 1999) which contains approximately 15,000 citations, and 6,000 abstracts.

281

Well-Being Is a Process of Becoming: Respondent-Led Research with Organic Farmers in Madagascar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Malagasy "players"--farmers, middle men, organic organisations and policy makers--see in export-orientated organic agriculture a way for Madagascar to build upon its historic export strengths: spices, essential oils, medicinal plants and tropical fruits. They point to the "de facto" organic status of most farming in the country and view organic…

Farnworth, Cathy Rozel

2009-01-01

282

Internet Research News/ ResearchBuzz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A companion site to the book Official Netscape Guide to Internet Research (2nd edition), this current awareness resource features a selection of Internet finds on a variety of topics, with a primary focus on tools for research and more efficient searching online. Updated several times a week, the site and its weekly email newsletter, ResearchBuzz, are maintained by Tara Calishain, the book's co-author. Additional resources at the site include a periodic series of articles on Internet research, Quick Tips for searching online, and an internal search engine.

283

Relationship between Recent Flight Experience and Pilot Error General Aviation Accidents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aviation insurance agents and fixed-base operation (FBO) owners use recent flight experience, as implied by the 90-day rule, to measure pilot proficiency in physical airplane skills, and to assess the likelihood of a pilot error accident. The generally accepted premise is that more experience in a recent timeframe predicts less of a propensity for an accident, all other factors excluded. Some of these aviation industry stakeholders measure pilot proficiency solely by using time flown within the past 90, 60, or even 30 days, not accounting for extensive research showing aeronautical decision-making and situational awareness training decrease the likelihood of a pilot error accident. In an effort to reduce the pilot error accident rate, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has seen the need to shift pilot training emphasis from proficiency in physical airplane skills to aeronautical decision-making and situational awareness skills. However, current pilot training standards still focus more on the former than on the latter. The relationship between pilot error accidents and recent flight experience implied by the FAA's 90-day rule has not been rigorously assessed using empirical data. The intent of this research was to relate recent flight experience, in terms of time flown in the past 90 days, to pilot error accidents. A quantitative ex post facto approach, focusing on private pilots of single-engine general aviation (GA) fixed-wing aircraft, was used to analyze National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) accident investigation archival data. The data were analyzed using t-tests and binary logistic regression. T-tests between the mean number of hours of recent flight experience of tricycle gear pilots involved in pilot error accidents (TPE) and non-pilot error accidents (TNPE), t(202) = -.200, p = .842, and conventional gear pilots involved in pilot error accidents (CPE) and non-pilot error accidents (CNPE), t(111) = -.271, p = .787, indicate there is no statistically significant relationship between groups. Binary logistic regression indicate that recent flight experience does not reliably distinguish between pilot error and non-pilot error accidents for TPE/TNPE, chi2 = 0.040 (df=1, p = .841) and CPE/CNPE, chi2= 0.074 (df =1, p = .786). Future research could focus on different pilot populations, and to broaden the scope, analyze several years of data.

Nilsson, Sarah J.

284

Effectively Communicating Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid

2007-01-01

285

Research in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research in the Schools" publishes empirical studies focusing on the results of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research, descriptions of technology applications and innovative teaching strategies, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 contains these articles: (1) "Factors Associated with…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2001-01-01

286

Biomedical Research Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An African-American researcher is spearheading a black biomedical research movement to urge more African Americans to investigate the health issues affecting their communities. His research focuses on the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus, but he is encouraging general expansion of the black researcher population. (MSE)

Fortson, Leigh

1999-01-01

287

Educational Researchers and Practicality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, an attempt to identify further directions in research designs that researchers can use to contribute to the relevance of educational research findings, by including teachers' practicality issues, is presented. Sixty experienced teachers in secondary education read the reporting of modified experimental research findings about…

Van Velzen, Joke H.

2013-01-01

288

Solidarity through Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While numerous publications signal the merits of collaborative research, few studies provide interpretive analyses of collaborative-research practices or collaborative relationships. Through this multiple case study design of collaborative-research teams, the authors attempt to provide such an analysis by focusing on the collaborative-research

Ritchie, Stephen M.; Rigano, Donna L.

2007-01-01

289

Research Messages 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research messages 2011" is a collection of summaries of research projects published by National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) in 2011. The publication also has an overview essay that captures the themes and highlights from the research for the year, including: (1) the initial education and training of young people and their…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

290

Research Messages 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research messages 2010 is a collection of summaries of research projects published by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER). The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organise its research and analysis: Industry and employers; Students and individuals; Teaching and learning: VET system; and VET in…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011

2011-01-01

291

School-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of medicine, research and practice are joined in teaching hospitals. In these institutions, researchers work alongside doctors to incorporate recent advances in medical research into practice and track results. There is a growing movement in the field of education to create analogous institutions in education called research schools.…

Glennon, Catherine; Hinton, Christina; Callahan, Thomas; Fischer, Kurt W.

2013-01-01

292

Good Analytical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this commentary is to address the issues raised by Ohlson from the point of view of analytical accounting research. The aim is not only to provide some input to young researchers who are going to publish good research using analytical methods, but also to give some hints to help users of analytical accounting research to understand and

John Christensen

2011-01-01

293

Advancing materials research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book reviews the history and accomplishments of materials research. It also describes the developments at today's frontiers and emphasizes the promises of the future. Some of the titles of the chapters are: Materials Research Laboratories: The Early Years, Progress and Prospects in Metallurgical Research, Materials Research in Catalysis, Organic Polymers, New Ways of Looking at Surfaces, and Ensuring Contributions

P. A. Psaras; H. D. Langford

1987-01-01

294

Advancing materials research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topics discussed in this volume include historical perspectives in the fields of materials research and development, the status of selected scientific and technical areas, and current topics in materials research. Papers are presentd on progress and prospects in metallurgical research, microstructure and mechanical properties of metals, condensed-matter physics and materials research, quasi-periodic crystals, and new and artifically structured electronic

H. D. Langford; P. A. Psaras

1987-01-01

295

Becoming Teacher Researchers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This serial issue contains eight articles all on the theme of "Becoming Teacher Researchers.""Becoming a Network of Teacher Researchers" (Scott Christian) discusses how portfolios of classroom work provide documentation and encourage more systematic teacher research involving established research techniques. "Identifying Features of Language:…

Benson, Chris, Ed.

1998-01-01

296

Research Highlights, 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Highlights" is an annual publication documenting developments in the Australian Council for Educational Research's (ACER's) research programs for the previous year. The 2003 edition highlights research on the following themes: (1) Australian students excel in international study; (2) Assessing the moral and ethical outcomes of schooling;…

ACER Press (Australian Council for Educational Research), 2003

2003-01-01

297

The Use of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes the use of research that is related to library technical services and notes need for research in four general areas--surveys of predominant practice, library operation case studies, development research, and environment status reports. The impact of library research on decision making is also discussed. Two references are listed. (EJS)

Hewitt, Joe A.

1983-01-01

298

RESEARCH TRACKING SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The Research Tracking System provides information on the status of research that is being conducted to support new drinking water standards. Presently, the database contains only M-DBP research. It will be expanded to include research on the contaminant ca...

299

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS, 1980  

EPA Science Inventory

This document describes accomplishments made by the Office of Research and Development in 1980. It also illustrates how the Office of Research and Development's research helps people--helps to keep them healthy and to be more productive. Research areas covered in this year's High...

300

Nanotechnology Research Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site has a list of links to various nano research labs. The first section of links includes academic, government and corporate labs, which do research but do not make their facilities available to outside researchers. The second set of links includes labs that accept outside researchers, such as the National Institute of Standards.

2013-07-12

301

Research Highlights, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Highlights" is an annual publication documenting developments in the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)'s research programs for the previous year. The 2005 edition highlights research on the following themes: (1) Improving outcomes for Indigenous students; (2) Understanding transitions from school to adulthood; (3)…

Australian Council for Educational Research, 2005

2005-01-01

302

Palliative care research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the research in palliative medicine is of a descriptive nature. Clinical practice is based upon clinical experience rather than upon research. The level of appropriate research reduces the chance for improvement of palliative care. Ethical and methodological obstacles seem to be prominent in palliative care research. The Declaration of Helsinki is generally accepted as an ethical code of

S Kaasa; F De Conno

2001-01-01

303

Dumbing Down Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wilson discusses ways in which educational research is rendered ineffective, stemming from distortion of the concepts of "education" and "research." Includes three commentaries: Harry Brighouse discusses factors impeding research, John White contests the definition of education, and Marian Sainsbury argues that educational research should not be…

Wilson, John

2003-01-01

304

Researchers in Residence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program that is part of the Pupil Researcher Initiative (PRI) where volunteer Ph.D. students visit schools to help bring the excitement and wonder of science and engineering research to the classroom. The purpose of the Researchers in Residence program is to bring students and teachers in schools into contact with research scientists…

Richards, Julian

1996-01-01

305

Organic Farming Research Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the Organic Farming Research Foundation, an organization "dedicated to promoting organic farming through funding of on-farm research and dissemination of the results." OFRF offers grants and technical support to researchers, farmers, and students interested in developing and conducting organic farming studies. The website's Grantmaking and Research section includes guidelines for applying for OFRF Grants, a guide to conducting on-farm research, PDF files for OFRF-funded research reports, and more. The OFRF site links to a short list of publications, policy news and updates, special events, and press releases and clippings. The site also links to information about the Scientific Congress on Organic Agricultural Research.

306

International Cancer Research Portfolio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site contains a database of cancer research funded by US and U. research organizations, including the US National Cancer Institute. The International Cancer Research Portfolio (ICRP) promises to put "cancer research at your fingertips" with a convenient, centralized database of information on grants awarded by ICRP partner organizations. The database may be searched by cancer type, area of research, or funding organization. ICRP is designed for "cancer researchers, cancer funding organizations, health care policy makers, health care professionals, cancer survivors, and advocates, as well as anyone with an interest in the most current cancer research."

307

WESTERN CONIFERS RESEARCH COOPERATIVE 1987 RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within...

308

ARCTIC CONTAMINANTS RESEARCH PROGRAM: RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

This research plan was initially intended to contain the information needed to evaluate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Arctic Contaminant Research Program (ACRP). t served as a basis for discussion at a peer review, and has been revised to incorporate changes and ...

309

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

Cox, Rebecca D.

2012-01-01

310

RESEARCHER PROFILE: Cancer Research by the Numbers  

Cancer.gov

Biostatistician Dr. Jill Barnholtz-Sloan strives to make a difference in the field of cancer research while inspiring her students at the same time. Learn more about how she uses TCGA data in her career in this TCGA in Action Researcher Profile.

311

Composites research at NASA Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Composites research at NASA Lewis is focused on their applications in aircraft propulsion, space propulsion, and space power, with the first being predominant. Research on polymer-, metal-, and ceramic-matrix composites is being carried out from an integrated materials and structures viewpoint. This paper outlines some of the topics being pursued from the standpoint of key technical issues, current status, and future directions.

Levine, Stanley R.; Duffy, Stephen; Vary, Alex; Nathal, Michael V.; Miner, Robert V.; Arnold, Steven M.; Castelli, Michael G.; Hopkins, Dale A.; Meador, Michael A.

1994-01-01

312

Research Funding | Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Search this site Research Funding Main Grants.gov RRP Fiscal Year Grant Dollars Applying for an NIH Grant Information for New Grantees NCI Guide for Preparing P01 Applications Human Subjects Research Career Resources for New Investigators

313

Teacher Retirement Systems: Research Findings. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief summarizes findings presented at a February 2009 research conference on teacher retirement systems hosted by the National Center on Performance Incentives (NCPI) at Vanderbilt University's Peabody College. The 2009 conference was the second in a series of NCPI events focusing on findings from recent research on issues related to…

Hansen, Janet S.; Podgursky, Michael J.; Costrell, Robert M.

2009-01-01

314

Research and technology, 1990  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at Ames Research Center, including the Moffett Field site and the Dryden Flight Research Facility, are summarized. These accomplishments exemplify the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1990. The activities addressed are under the directories of: (1) aerospace systems which contains aircraft technology, full-scale aerodynamics research, information sciences, aerospace human factors research, and flight systems and simulation research divisions; (2) Dryden flight research facility which contains research engineering division; (3) aerophysics which contains aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, and thermosciences divisions; and (4) space research which contains advanced life support, space projects, earth system science, life science, and space science divisions, and search for extraterrestrial intelligence and space life sciences payloads offices.

1990-01-01

315

Research and technology, 1991. Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the NASA Langley Research Center is to increase the knowledge and capability of the United States in a full range of aeronautics disciplines and in selected space disciplines. This mission will be accomplished by performing innovative research relevant to national needs and Agency goals, transferring technology to users in a timely manner, and providing development support to other United States Government agencies, industry, and other NASA centers. Highlights are given of the major accomplishments and applications that have been made during the past year. The highlights illustrate both the broad range of the research and technology (R&T) activities at NASA Langley Research Center and the contributions of this work toward maintaining United States leadership in aeronautics and space research.

1992-01-01

316

Research and technology, 1989: Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of the NASA Langley Research Center is to increase the knowledge and capability of the United States in a full range of aeronautics disciplines and in selected space disciplines. This mission will be accomplished by performing innovative research relevant to national needs and Agency goals, transferring technology to users in a timely manner, and providing development support to other United States Government agencies, industry, and other NASA centers. Highlights of the major accomplishments and applications that were made during the past year are presented. The highlights illustrate both the broad range of the research and technology activities at NASA Langley Research Center and the contributions of this work toward maintaining United States leadership in aeronautics and space research.

1990-01-01

317

Social Research Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Research Update is a quarterly publication of the Department of Sociology at the University of Surrey, UK. Its purpose is to help social researchers keep up to date with developments in their field. Each issue covers developments in one specific topic. Past Updates have covered such issues as focus groups, correspondence analysis, visual research methods, archiving qualitative research data, and analyzing qualitative data by computer, among others. Each issue is accompanied by a bibliography for further research.

1993-01-01

318

Research collaboration in health management research communities  

PubMed Central

Background This study uses scientometrics methodology to reveal the status quo and emerging issues of collaboration in health management. Methods We searched all the articles with the keyword “health management” in the period 1999–2011 in Web of Knowledge, then 3067 articles were found. Methods such as Social network analysis (SNA), co-authorship, co-word analysis were used in this study. Results Analysis of the past 13 years of research in the field of health management indicates that, whether the production of scientific research, or authors, institutions and scientific research collaboration at the national level, collaboration behavior has been growing steadily across all collaboration types. However, the international scientific research cooperation about health management study between countries needs to be further encouraged. 17 researchers can be seen as the academic leaders in this field. 37 research institutions play a vital role in the information dissemination and resources control in health management. The component analysis found that 22 research groups can be regarded as the backbone in this field. The 8 institution groups consisting of 33 institutions form the core of this field. USA, UK and Australia lie in the center by cohesive subgroup analysis; Based on keywords analysis, 44 keywords with high frequency such as care, disease, system and model were involved in the health management field. Conclusions This study demonstrates that although it is growing steadily, collaboration behavior about health management study needs to be enhanced, especially between different institutions or countries/regions, which would promote the progress and internationalization of health management. Besides, researchers should pay attention to the cooperation of representative scholars and institutions, as well as the hot areas of research, because their experience would help us promote the research development of our nation.

2013-01-01

319

Aerothermodynamics research at NASA Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research activity in the aerothermodynamics branch at the NASA Ames Research Center is reviewed. Advanced concepts and mission studies relating to the next generation aerospace transportation systems are summarized and directions for continued research identified. Theoretical and computational studies directed at determining flow fields and radiative and convective heating loads in real gases are described. Included are Navier-Stokes codes for equilibrium and thermochemical nonequilibrium air. Experimental studies in the 3.5-ft hypersonic wind tunnel, the ballistic ranges, and the electric arc driven shock tube are described. Tested configurations include generic hypersonic aerospace plane configurations, aeroassisted orbital transfer vehicle shapes and Galileo probe models.

Deiwert, George S.

1987-01-01

320

Human Research Program Integrated Research Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Crew health and performance are critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) is essential to enabling extended periods of space exploration because it provides knowledge and tools to mitigate risks to h...

S. Steinberg

2011-01-01

321

Undergraduate Research at the Research Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores four higher education institutions (Rutgers University, the University of Washington, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the California Institute of Technology) and their histories of developing a culture of undergraduate research. (EV)

Merkel, Carolyn Ash

2003-01-01

322

Neurological Research: Summaries of Current Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstracts are given for research articles in the following fields: Neurological disorders of early life; Neurological disorders of adult life; Cerebro-vascular disorders; Convulsive disorders; Degenerative disorders of the nervous system; Muscle disorders...

1969-01-01

323

Telerobotic research at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of Automation Technology Branch facilities and research is presented. Manipulator research includes dual-arm coordination studies, space manipulator dynamics, end-effector controller development, automatic space structure assembly, and the development of a dual-arm master-slave telerobotic manipulator system. Sensor research includes gravity-compensated force control, real-time monovision techniques, and laser ranging. Artificial intelligence techniques are being explored for supervisory task control, collision avoidance, and connectionist system architectures. A high-fidelity dynamic simulation of robotic systems, ROBSIM, is being supported and extended. Cooperative efforts with Oak Ridge National Laboratory have verified the ability of teleoperators to perform complex structural assembly tasks, and have resulted in the definition of a new dual-arm master-slave telerobotic manipulator. A bibliography of research results and a list of technical contacts are included.

Sliwa, Nancy E.

1987-01-01

324

Rocket Propulsion Research at Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A small contingent of engineers at NASA Lewis Research Center pioneered in basic research on liquid propellants for rockets shortly after World War II. Carried on through the 1950s, this work influenced the important early decisions made by Abe Silverstein when he took charge of the Office of Space Flight Programs for NASA. He strongly supported the development of liquid hydrogen as a propulsion fuel in the face of resistance from Wernher von Braun. Members of the Lewis staff played an important role in bringing liquid hydrogen technology to the point of reliability through their management of the Centaur Program. This paper demonstrates how the personality and engineering intuition of Abe Silverstein shaped the Centaur program and left a lasting imprint on the laboratory research tradition. Many of the current leaders of Lewis Research Center received their first hands-on engineering experience when they worked on the Centaur program in the 1960s.

Dawson, Virginia P.

1992-01-01

325

Water Environment Research Foundation research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) is a not- for-profit organization established in 1989 to advance the science and technology of a broad spectrum of environmental and human health concerns to the wastewater industry and the public. It is a unique public/private partnership between utilities, academia, government, and industry, committed to funding research by leveraging resources and expertise to develop and disseminate sound scientific and technological information. Funded by subscribers, grants and contributions, WERF manages a broad array of research projects aimed at protecting human health and the environment. While WERF funds and manages projects, the actual research is carried out by individual organizations or teams composed of utilities, consultants, universities, and industrial or commercial firms. Examples of WERF's current research program include the investigation of on- line monitoring techniques for microbial and chemical contaminants in water and wastewater, optimization of processes for pathogen removal and inactivation, improved treatment of toxic compounds, and assessing the potential risks to public health from exposure to these microbial and chemical contaminants. This paper will provide an overview of the program, research funded to date, and technology needs for the future.

Noss, Charles I.

2002-02-01

326

Speaking of Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Speaking of Research (SR) is an advocacy group that seeks to provide university students and faculty with accurate information and resources about the importance of animal research in medical science.

Speaking of Research (Speaking of Research)

2008-03-01

327

Hypersonic Propulsion Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of technology for the modular airframe integrated scramjet has been the focus of hypersonic propulsion research for several years. An part of this research, a variety of inlet concepts have been explored and characterized. The emphasis of ...

G. B. Northam

1990-01-01

328

Naval Research Laboratory Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL) mission is to conduct a broadly based multidisciplinary program of scientific research and advanced technological development directed toward maritime applications of new and improved materials, techniques, equipment,...

2009-01-01

329

Annual Research Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains the 1997 annual progress reports of the research fellows and students supported by the Center for Turbulence Research (CTR). Titles include: Invariant modeling in large-eddy simulation of turbulence; Validation of large-eddy simulatio...

D. Spinks

1997-01-01

330

ARSENIC RESEARCH AT GWERD  

EPA Science Inventory

Abstract - The presentation will summarize the arsenic research program at the Ground Water & Ecosystems Restoration Division of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory of USEPA. Topics include use of permeable reactive barriers for in situ arsenic remediation in ground...

331

Assistive Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge

2004-01-01

332

Assistance Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge M. Rosen J. Bleiberg

2003-01-01

333

Assistive Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge M. Rosen J. Bleiberg

2003-01-01

334

Research Libraries Catalog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The library catalog of the Research Libraries of the New York Public Library (CATNYP) is available for searching via telnet. The catalog includes materials added to the collection since 1971, as well as some materials acquired before 1971. The Research Libraries include four centers: the Center for the Humanities, the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts (LPA), the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Science and Industry Business Library (SIBL). The collections of these libraries contain 38.8 million items, including 11.8 million books. Note, however, that the Research Libraries' collections are for onsite use. telnet://nyplgate.nypl.org/ login: nypl The Research Libraries' catalog is menu pick "2". Telnet to nyplgate.nypl.org and login: nypl For information about the individual Research Libraries: http://www.nypl.org/research/research.html

335

Mild Cognitive Impairment Research  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Media Text Size Videos and Media Virtual Library Brain Tour Facts & Figures Spotlight on Researchers Web Links ... early diagnosis Mild Cognitive Impairment Research Inside the brain Genetics in Alzheimer's Advances in brain imaging Diet ...

336

Suicide Prevention and Research  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Audio by Topic NIMH Video August 22, 2011 Suicide Prevention and Research NIMH researcher Dr. Jane Pearson talks about warning signs as well as progress in suicide prevention. Download this video. Watch on YouTube. Transcript Dr. ...

337

Animal Research Ethics  

MedlinePLUS

... ethical concerns remain, and it is not only animal rights groups that have them, but also veterinarians, physicians, policy-makers, ethicists, and biomedical researchers themselves. Bioethics Forum As Chimp Research is ... Goodman 2012 November-December Battles ...

338

Research News and Highlights  

Cancer.gov

March 29, 2009 Researchers Identify Genetic Variations That May Increase Risk of Breast Cancer Source: NCI Office of Media Relations February 11, 2009 Researchers Find Abnormal Cells in the Blood Years before Leukemia is Diagnosed Source: NCI Office of

339

Cancer Research News  

Cancer.gov

Obtaining NCI designation for a cancer center is usually a years-long process of building — facilities, faculty, and most importantly, a research portfolio — culminated by a rigorous review process. Selection provides recognition of research excellence.

340

Research Programs and Initiatives  

Cancer.gov

CGH develops international initiatives and collaborates with other NCI divisions, NCI-designated Cancer Centers, and other countries to support cancer control planning, encourage capacity building, and support cancer research and research networks.

341

Fusion Research Activities, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research activities in plasma physics and controlled fusion during 1978 are summarized as well as the plans for continued activites during 1979. The research program includes investigations into plasma-neutral gas interaction and stability, magnetic c...

B. Lehnert

1979-01-01

342

RESEARCH OUTLOOK, 1981  

EPA Science Inventory

Research Outlook 1981 is the sixth in a series of EPA annual reports mandated by Congress. It describes the research currently performed and the program that is expected to be implemented over the next five years....

343

Solid State Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 February through 30 April 1993. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technol...

A. L. McWhorter

1993-01-01

344

Earthquake Engineering Research - 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Committee on Earthquake Engineering Research addressed two questions: What progress has research produced in earthquake engineering and which elements of the problem should future earthquake engineering pursue. It examined and reported in separate cha...

1982-01-01

345

ResearchAssistant  

Cancer.gov

We have 2-3 open positions for Clinical Research Assistants within the Section on Behavioral Oncology in the Center for Childhood Cancer Research of the Division of Oncology at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

346

Understanding Medical Research  

MedlinePLUS

... hear about the results of a new medical research study. Sometimes the results of one study seem ... a randomized controlled clinical trial? Where was the research done? If a new treatment was being tested, ...

347

Research Suggestions for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to perform accurate research. Also includes suggestions for specific research projects under such headings as: (1) types; (2) environments; (3) interactions; (4) classification; (5) hexagonal model; and (6) differentiation. (HMV)

Holland, John L.

1974-01-01

348

Glaucoma Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Dark on Light Light on Dark Glaucoma Research Foundation Donate Recently Diagnosed? Learn About Glaucoma Tips for ... More than 75 guests attended the Glaucoma Research Foundation's Annual Dinner at San Francisco's historic Palace Hotel ...

349

Scleroderma Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Gift to Make a Difference The Scleroderma Research Foundation (SRF) is the nation's leading nonprofit investor in ... Building Your Philanthropic Legacy Including the Scleroderma Research Foundation in your estate planning guarantees your lifetime commitment ...

350

DCTD — Research Resources  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Click here to view the Site Map Home | Sitemap | Contact DCTD Search this site Research Resources Overview Biomarkers Academics/ Clinical Trialists Industry Researchers DCTD Programs Cancer Diagnosis Program Cancer Imaging Program Cancer

351

Cancer Research in China  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Center for Global Health (CGH) promotes, supports, and informs the development of cooperative research projects between U.S. and Chinese scientists, research teams, and institutions to accelerate progress against cancer.

352

Annual Research Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the clinical and laboratory activities of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research during fiscal year 1975. These activities include patient care, clinical investigation and laboratory research in the areas of (1) burn injury, (2) ...

1975-01-01

353

Research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes various research and technology activities at Ames Moffett and Ames Dryden. Highlights of these accomplishments indicate the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1985.

1986-01-01

354

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation-related basic and applied neuroscience research. As part of this mission, the NRC: (1) Develops new clinical interventions for patients with neurologically base...

E. B. Healton

2005-01-01

355

Commerical Research Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a transcription of the Commercial Research Panel's discussion at 'The Spacelab Accomplishments Forum'. Dr. Stodieck, Dr. David Klaus, Dr. Weija Zhou, and Dr. Albert Sacco talk about the commercial research that has taken place on Spacelab.

Kearns, Joel K.; Stodieck, Louis; Klaus, David; Zhou, Wei-Ja; Sacco, Albert

2000-01-01

356

The kidney research predicament.  

PubMed

Research funding from public and private sources has reached an all-time low. Economic conditions, sequestration, and a trend of low award success rates have created an imbalance between the supply of highly qualified research investigators and the availability of critically necessary research dollars. This grim environment continues to hinder the success of established investigators and deter potential investigators from joining the research workforce. Without action and support of innovative science, the future of the US health care system is in jeopardy, and its leadership role in medical research will decrease. This work discusses the effects of the decline in research funding, the plight of kidney research, and the impact of the American Society of Nephrology Grants Program on scientists. The ASN also calls on the entire nephrology community to rejuvenate the research environment, improve the lives of millions of people with kidney disease, and ultimately, find a cure. PMID:24652790

Bryan, Lisa; Ibrahim, Tod; Zent, Roy; Fischer, Michael J

2014-05-01

357

Research in Computer Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research efforts of University of Virginia students under a NASA sponsored program are summarized and the status of the program is reported. The research includes: testing method evaluations for N version programming; a representation scheme for model...

J. M. Ortega

1984-01-01

358

Spotlight on Research, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Environmental Research Laboratory at Duluth (ERL-D) conducts research to advance our fundamental understanding of aquatic toxicology and freshwater ecology. Its mission is to develop the science needed by EPA in creating environmental policies for use...

1992-01-01

359

Family caregiving of persons following neurotrauma: Issues in research, service and policy  

PubMed Central

Family caregivers of persons following neurotrauma function as de facto extensions of our health care system. Their challenges may result in negative consequences for their physical and mental health, which directly impacts the well-being of their care-recipient. In this paper, we survey current practices in providing caregiver support, outline considerations for developing collaborative interventions, and make recommendations for assessing intervention effectiveness consistent with the nature of the adjustment processes among caregivers and care recipients.

Ramkumar, Neeta A.; Elliott, Timothy R.

2012-01-01

360

Telemetering and telecommunications research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The New Mexico State University (NMSU) Center for Space Telemetering and Telecommunications systems is engaged in advanced communications systems research. Four areas of study that are being sponsored concern investigations into the use of trellis-coded modulation (TCM). In particular, two areas concentrate on carrier synchronization research in TCM M-ary phase shift key (MPSK) systems. A third research topic is the study of interference effects on TCM, while the fourth research area is in the field of concatenated TCM systems.

Osborne, William; Paz, Robert; Ross, Michael; Kopp, Brian; Ashley, Norm

1993-01-01

361

[Networks in cognitive research].  

PubMed

This review paper starts from discussing two models of network research: one starting from general networks, the other starting from the Ego. Ego based researches are characterized starting form the model of Dunbar as presenting networks of different size and intimacy, both in real and virtual networks. Researches into the personality determinants of networks mainly shows the effects of extroversion. The future of network research indicates a trend towards relating personal, conceptual, and neural networks. PMID:22781539

Pléh, Csaba

2012-01-01

362

Airborne forest fire research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research relating to airborne fire fighting systems is reviewed to provide NASA/Langley Research Center with current information on the use of aircraft in forest fire operations, and to identify research requirements for future operations. A literature survey, interview of forest fire service personnel, analysis and synthesis of data from research reports and independent conclusions, and recommendations for future NASA-LRC programs are included.

Mattingly, G. S.

1974-01-01

363

Research as a Process: A Comparison between Different Research Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research process plays a central role in science. To support research and researchers, it is necessary to understand the research process and its phases. Although the literature offers different research processes, these are often focused on specific research paradigms and methods. The aim of this working paper is to define a research process common to different research approaches: behavioral

Helena Bukvova

2009-01-01

364

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

365

Research Focus. Section II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

366

Research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various research and technology activities at Ames Moffett and Ames Dryden are described. Highlights of these accomplishments indicate the Center's varied and highly productive research efforts for 1984. The research is divided into three subject areas, which are: Aeronautics, Life Science and Space Science and Applications.

1984-01-01

367

Research Methods in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Methods in Education" introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves…

Check, Joseph; Schutt, Russell K.

2011-01-01

368

2006 Research Highlights  

Cancer.gov

Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and of the EGRP-supported Principal Investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.

369

Research into Practice: Vocabulary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a personal view of the application of research on vocabulary to teaching and how there are three different types or categories of relationship between that research and the teaching to which it is applied: first, where the research is not applied or not applied well, second, where it is reasonably well applied, and third, where it…

Nation, I. S. P.

2011-01-01

370

Research in Secondary Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summers' annotated bibliographies of secondary reading (1963, 1964), "Review of Educational Research,""Journal of Reading," ERIC/CRIER, and "Research in Education" are listed as resources for all phases of reading. A shifting of trends in the nature and scope of research topics in secondary reading is noted, with diagnosis and treatment,…

Kling, Martin

371

Funding of Contraceptive Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data on financial support of the reproductive sciences and contraceptive development assembled in the course of a two-year review of research funding by an international group of scientists and scientific administrators. Until the mid-1960s, research in reproduction was supported primarily by university budgets, philanthropic funds, and pharmaceutical firms. This research received only an insignificant share of the

O. Harkavy; F. S. Jaffe; Marjorie A. Koblinsky; S. J. Segal

1976-01-01

372

Researching Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers methodological issues that arise when values form the main focus of empirical educational research. Includes discussion of the idea that social science, in general, and educational research, in particular, are forms of moral inquiry. Outlines a methodology of educational research, drawing from work by Imre Lakatos, Alasdair MacIntyre,…

Halliday, John

2002-01-01

373

INCLUSIVE RESEARCH DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores inclusive research design (IRD) as an integral component in what we term community partnership research in the information management and systems field. It aims to unravel the challenges and complexities of the double hermeneutic spiral associated with designing and doing this type of research in order to identify principles and processes appropriate to the engagement of all

Sue McKemmish; Frada Burstein; Rosetta Manaszewicz; Julie Fisher; Joanne Evans

2012-01-01

374

Comparative Effectiveness Research  

Cancer.gov

Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) is the conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing different interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances.

375

Music Researchers' Musical Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing awareness of the importance of reflexivity across various disciplines, which encourages researchers to scrutinize their research perspectives. In order to contextualize and reflect upon research in music, this study explores the musical background, current level of musical engagement and the listening habits of music…

Wollner, Clemens; Ginsborg, Jane; Williamon, Aaron

2011-01-01

376

Action Research and Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relationship between action research and policy and the kind of confidence teachers, policy makers and other potential users may have in such research. Many published teacher action research accounts are criticised on the grounds that they do not fully meet the conventional standards for reporting social scientific…

Foreman-Peck, Lorraine; Murray, Jane

2008-01-01

377

Research on Program Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program evaluation research, including reputational studies and studies based on objective indicators, and research on the quantitative correlates of program quality are reviewed. Reputational studies, which have dominated research on program quality in higher education, emphasize peer evaluation. Some major reputational studies of graduate…

Blackburn, Robert T.; Conrad, Clifton F.

378

Commercial Researcher Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Protein crystallography--a research tool used to study the structure of the complex building blocks of living systems--has a lot to gain from space-based research. In order to know how a protein works in the human body, researchers must understand its mol...

L. Delucas

1992-01-01

379

Research Application Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast two types of scholarly article designs, quantitative and qualitative, as to how two research designs can be similar and different, and how the authors conduct their research and present their results. When researching and analyzing two scholarly articles of different design types, it is…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

380

High Pressure Plasma Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research goals, the approach, and the results of the High Pressure Plasma Research, Group V-4, are presented. Also included is a brief description of Air Force applications of this research as well as comprehensive list of publications and presentatio...

U. H. Bauder

1972-01-01

381

Alzheimer Research Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Alzheimer Research Forum is an independent nonprofit organization" of science and medical professionals dedicated to research and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The site includes up-to-date information in the form of news, papers of the week, journal article abstracts in advance, live discussions, and more. A wide variety of resources focus on many different aspects of Alzheimer's research.

1996-01-01

382

Quaternary Research Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Quaternary Research Association explains that it "exists to promote understanding of the Quaternary Period by publishing field guides, technical guides, and an international journal as well as holding field meetings and speaker meetings." Students and researchers can discover employment, research, grant, meetings, and educational opportunities.

1969-12-31

383

Payment Systems Research Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago provides this banking industry database for the "convenience of financial services industry researchers and executives." The Payment Systems Research Database is both browseable and searchable by general reference, payment instrument, public policy, or research topic. Each entry includes a brief bibliographic citation with links to full-text articles where available.

384

Evidence and Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The EERJ roundtable took as its point of departure the experience of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) in carrying out policy research. CERI has conducted four reviews of national educational research and development (in New Zealand, England, Mexico and…

Schuller, Tom; Jochems, Wim; Moos, Lejf; van Zanten, Agnes

2006-01-01

385

Radiation Research Program (RRP)  

Cancer.gov

The RRP is responsible for NCI's clinically-related extramural radiation research program. The RRP establishes priorities, allocates resources, and evaluates the effectiveness of such radiation research being conducted by NCI grantees. RRP staff represent the program at NCI management and scientific meetings and provide scientific support to leadership on matters related to radiation research.

386

Research and Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Langley Research Center is engaged in the basic an applied research necessary for the advancement of aeronautics and space flight, generating advanced concepts for the accomplishment of related national goals, and provding research advice, technological support, and assistance to other NASA installations, other government agencies, and industry. Highlights of major accomplishments and applications are presented.

1981-01-01

387

Encouraging Student Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author wanted help in learning how to be more effective at supporting his students to learn how to conduct effective research so he interviewed several historians, artists, and educators about the ways in which they carry out their research, and how those researchers who are currently in classrooms help their students to learn and develop…

Selwyn, Douglas

2011-01-01

388

The Collaborative Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a five-week English course in which pairs of students work collaboratively on team-building activities, library research, research-paper topic selection, outlining, paraphrasing and summarizing, and writing and editing a joint research paper. Presents the peer-evaluation techniques, which differentiate students' share of the work so that…

Bashore, Joy

1999-01-01

389

Quality in Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lot of effort has been expended by methodologists over the years, trying to give some guidance to qualitative researchers in improving or judging the quality of qualitative research. You could say that all methodological writing is ultimately directed at such a goal, because the idea of writing about how one can do research is presumably aimed at giving other

Clive Seale

1999-01-01

390

Research and test facilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A description is given of each of the following Langley research and test facilities: 0.3-Meter Transonic Cryogenic Tunnel, 7-by 10-Foot High Speed Tunnel, 8-Foot Transonic Pressure Tunnel, 13-Inch Magnetic Suspension & Balance System, 14-by 22-Foot Subsonic Tunnel, 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel, 16-by 24-Inch Water Tunnel, 20-Foot Vertical Spin Tunnel, 30-by 60-Foot Wind Tunnel, Advanced Civil Transport Simulator (ACTS), Advanced Technology Research Laboratory, Aerospace Controls Research Laboratory (ACRL), Aerothermal Loads Complex, Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility (ALDF), Avionics Integration Research Laboratory, Basic Aerodynamics Research Tunnel (BART), Compact Range Test Facility, Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS), Enhanced/Synthetic Vision & Spatial Displays Laboratory, Experimental Test Range (ETR) Flight Research Facility, General Aviation Simulator (GAS), High Intensity Radiated Fields Facility, Human Engineering Methods Laboratory, Hypersonic Facilities Complex, Impact Dynamics Research Facility, Jet Noise Laboratory & Anechoic Jet Facility, Light Alloy Laboratory, Low Frequency Antenna Test Facility, Low Turbulence Pressure Tunnel, Mechanics of Metals Laboratory, National Transonic Facility (NTF), NDE Research Laboratory, Polymers & Composites Laboratory, Pyrotechnic Test Facility, Quiet Flow Facility, Robotics Facilities, Scientific Visualization System, Scramjet Test Complex, Space Materials Research Laboratory, Space Simulation & Environmental Test Complex, Structural Dynamics Research Laboratory, Structural Dynamics Test Beds, Structures & Materials Research Laboratory, Supersonic Low Disturbance Pilot Tunnel, Thermal Acoustic Fatigue Apparatus (TAFA), Transonic Dynamics Tunnel (TDT), Transport Systems Research Vehicle, Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, and the Visual Motion Simulator (VMS).

1993-01-01

391

ELECTRONIC RESEARCH NOTEBOOKS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper details the public availability of Electronic notebooks (EN) and an example of a system in use within a research laboratory in the Office of Research and Development. Research notebooks contain intellectual property which must be guarded until it can be disseminated wit...

392

Airborne Radiometeorological Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the Naval Research Laboratory's airborne research in military radar and propagation problems. The military problems include predictions of radar and propagation conditions at specific places and times, and hence, fruitful research must be directed at establishing the geophysical causes of signal behavior. The flying laboratory system for quantitative measurements of ground and sea-clutter and of microwave

W. S. Ament

1959-01-01

393

Learning Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I explore through a narrative how I came to do a research project in East New York. I show how first contact was established, how local contacts were made, and how trust between my research participants and me was created. I then explore how the research topic evolved through informal conversations, open-ended interviews, and…

Gerhart, Lael

2009-01-01

394

Action Research: Rethinking Lewin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores both historical and contemporary definitions of action research. Describes the process and goals of action research in the tradition of Lewin. Presents a case study of an action-research project involving two teams in a high-technology corporation that depicts the process in action. (Author/CCM)

Dickens, Linda; Watkins, Karen

1999-01-01

395

Mississippi Research Catalog, '99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, mandated by the University Research Center Act of 1988, presents financial balance sheets listing receipts and disbursements of research funds for research activities being conducted at the eight state-supported universities in Mississippi: Alcorn State University; Delta State University; Jackson State University; Mississippi State…

Mississippi State Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning, Jackson.

396

Engineering Research and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mission of the Engineering Research Program is to develop the people and technology needed to support current and future Laboratory programs. To accomplish this mission Engineering Research has two important goals -- to identify key technology areas important to the Laboratory and to conduct high quality research and development. To help focus our efforts in achieving these goals we

E. Lafranchi; M. Genin; P. Adye; W. Clements; K. Gordon; H. Highstone; M. Kotowski; D. Sceales

1990-01-01

397

2005 Research Highlights  

Cancer.gov

Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and of the EGRP-supported Principal Investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.

398

Focus on Research Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief review of the papers presented at the Symposium on Research and Evaluation Methodology highlights some of the major issues of research in Indian Country. There is a need to translate research results into terms that are meaningful at the local level, yet the act of doing this reveals tensions between scientific objectivity and advocacy.…

Manson, Spero M.

399

Sensing Environmental Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of environmental education research has been moving away from scientistic and positivistic discourses for some time now ("Environmental Education Research," 2000; Hart & Nolan, 1999). However, it has been noted that the meta-discourse about this research continues to draw on their framings, registers, and lexicons (Hart, 2000;…

Reid, Alan

2003-01-01

400

Autonomy through Pedagogical Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study describes a new professional stance, teacher as pedagogical researcher, provides a rationale for its emergence, demonstrates connections of pedagogical research to autonomy in teaching through the words and lived experiences of teacher researchers, and presents implications for teacher professional development and for…

Castle, Kathryn

2006-01-01

401

Research and Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected achievements at the Ames-Moffett and Ames-Dryden sites of the Ames Research Center are illustrated. The challenging work that was accomplished in the past year is presented for the following areas: engineering and technical services, aerospace systems, flight operations and research, aerophysics, and space research.

1987-01-01

402

Research on a shoestring.  

PubMed

The recent reaction from the scientific community to the proposed $400 million cut to the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) budget highlights the importance of adequate funding for research. While there has been significant growth in research dollars in recent years, as a percentage of gross domestic product it has remained the same for over a decade. PMID:21655490

Stocks, Nigel

2011-06-01

403

Research and technology, Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lewis Research Center's research and technology accomplishments for fiscal year 1985 are summarized. The report is organized into five major sections covering aeronautics, aerospace technology, spaceflight systems, space station systems, and computational technology support. This organization of the report roughly parallels the organization of the Center into directorates. Where appropriate, subheadings are used to identify special topics under the major headings. Results of all research and technology work performed during the fiscal year are contained in Lewis-published technical reports and presentations prepared either by Lewis scientists and engineers or by contractor personnel. In addition, significant results are presented by university faculty or graduate students in technical sessions and in journals of the technical societies. For the reader who desires more information about a particular subject, the Lewis contact will provide that information or references. In 1985, five Lewis products were selected by Research and Development Magazine for IR-100 awards. All are described and identified. In addition, the Lewis Distinguished Paper for 1984 to 1985, which was selected by the Chief Scientist and a research advisory board, is included and so identified.

1985-01-01

404

Agricultural aviation research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compilation of papers, comments, and results is provided during a workshop session. The purpose of the workshop was to review and evaluate the current state of the art of agricultural aviation, to identify and rank potentially productive short and long range research and development areas, and to strengthen communications between research scientists and engineers involved in agricultural research. Approximately 71 individuals actively engaged in agricultural aviation research were invited to participate in the workshop. These were persons familiar with problems related to agricultural aviation and processing expertise which are of value for identifying and proposing beneficial research.

Chevalier, H. L. (compiler); Bouse, L. F. (compiler)

1977-01-01

405

Low Dose Radiation Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's Low Dose Radiation Research Program supports research that investigates the health risks from exposure to radiation at low levels. This Web site provides an overview of radiation biology, up-to-date information and archived results from program-related research, and other resources for the benefit of researchers and the general public alike. Some research projects include comparing low dose radiation to endogenous oxidative damage, determining thresholds for radiation exposure, determining genetics factors that make some individuals more susceptible to radiation-induced damage, and more.

406

Annual research briefs, 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report contains the 1989 annual progress reports of the Research Fellows of the Center for Turbulence Research. It is intended as a year end report to NASA, Ames Research Center which supports this group through core funding and by making available physical and intellectual resources. The Center for Turbulence Research is devoted to the fundamental study of turbulent flows; its objectives are to simulate advances in the physical understanding of turbulence, in turbulence modeling and simulation, and in turbulence control. The reports appearing in the following pages are grouped in the general areas of modeling, experimental research, theory, simulation and numerical methods, and compressible and reacting flows.

Spinks, Debra (compiler)

1990-01-01

407

Materials research at CMAM  

SciTech Connect

The Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales (CMAM) is a research centre of the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid dedicated to the modification and analysis of materials using ion beam techniques. The infrastructure, based on a HVEE 5MV tandem accelerator, provided with a coaxial Cockcroft Walton charging system, is fully open to research groups of the UAM, to other public research institutions and to private enterprises. The CMAM research covers a few important lines such as advanced materials, surface science, biomedical materials, cultural heritage, materials for energy production. The Centre gives as well support to university teaching and technical training. A detail description of the research infrastructures and their use statistics will be given. Some of the main research results will be presented to show the progress of research in the Centre in the past few years and to motivate the strategic plans for the forthcoming.

Zucchiatti, Alessandro [Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales CMAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, c/ Faraday 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

2013-07-18

408

BC Cancer Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Vancouver, the BC Cancer Research Centre (BCCRC) provides a place for scientists and researchers to "perform basic, epidemiologic, and clinical research on cancer prevention, early diagnosis of cancer, the molecular and genetic characteristics of the cancer process, and basic research related to new treatments of cancer." The BCCRC website connects visitors to information about various departments including Cancer Endocrinology, Cancer Imaging, Medical Biophysics, and Cancer Control Research -- to name a few. Site visitors can also locate BCCRC staff publications through specific researchers or by using the site search engine. Contact information for members of the large BCCRC research team is provided as well. Additionally, the site links to information about Job Posting, Training Opportunities, Donating, Partners, and more.

409

Water Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Self-described as a "multidisciplinary database of research, researchers, and institutions dealing with fresh water issues all over the world," the Water Research Network (WRN) is a product of collaboration between the University of Bergen, Norway, the Norwegian Research Council, and the Government of the Netherlands. Active since October 2001, WRN invites researchers from various disciplines to submit information about their water research projects (free registration is required). While the site's material is mostly metadata and relevant mainly to researchers, casual users should find links to other more substantive Web sites that may interest them. Unique browsing categories, like Water in Time and Water and Ethics, should prove helpful in finding something worthwhile. An interesting side note, WRN's creators intend the database to contribute to the multi-volume book History of Water and Civilization, a project initiated by UNESCO.

2001-01-01

410

Research as spiritual covenant.  

PubMed

Conducting research with Native American communities poses special challenges from misunderstandings that may arise from the interface of differing cultural worldviews held by the scientific and the Native communities. Although the community-based participatory research approach shows promise for conducting research that can maximize benefits and minimize the risks of harm to Native American people, there is little information related to the practical implementation of culturally appropriate research practices when working with Native American communities. Drawing on the authors' research with three Native American communities in the Northwest, this article describes culturally appropriate processes for engaging Native American communities. The first section identifies and describes the principles that provide the foundation for the authors' research activity as a spiritual covenant and guides the authors' research with the three communities. The second section describes the project phase matrix that was used to organize the approaches employed in this work. PMID:16829635

Salois, Emily Matt; Holkup, Patricia A; Tripp-Reimer, Toni; Weinert, Clarann

2006-08-01

411

National Opinion Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Chicago, the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) provides objective research for its clients and the general public interest in areas ranging from housing to drug abuse. On the NORC website, visitors can learn about its newest survey and research efforts, such as the Illinois Health Curriculum Study and the Residential Energy Consumption Survey. Moving on to the Research Departments area of the site, visitors can look at the work of these research units, which includes reports culled from their different research initiatives. Additionally, interested parties will want to look at the websites of NORC's four academic centers, which include the Center on Demography and Economics and the Population Research Center. The site also features information about career opportunities for those persons interested in working at NORC.

412

Research and Technology 1990, Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mission of NASA-Langley is to increase the knowledge and capability of the U.S. in a full range of aeronautics disciplines and in selected space disciplines. This mission will be executed by performing innovative research relevant to national needs and agency goals, transferring technology to users in a timely manner, and providing development support to other U.S. government agencies, industry, and other NASA centers. Highlights are presented of the major accomplishments and applications that were made during the past year. The highlights illustrate both the broad range of the research and technology activitives at NASA-Langley and the contributions of this work toward maintaining U.S. leadership in aeronautics and space research.

1991-01-01

413

Ecological Research Division, Marine Research Program  

SciTech Connect

This report presents program summaries of the various projects sponsored during 1979 by the Marine Research Program of the Ecological Research Division. Program areas include the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on the marine environment; a study of the baseline ecology of a proposed OTEC site near Puerto Rico; the environmental impact of offshore geothermal energy development; the movement of radionuclides through the marine environment; the environmental aspects of power plant cooling systems; and studies of the physical and biological oceangraphy of the continental shelves bordering the United States.

Not Available

1980-05-01

414

Assessing the Effectiveness of E-learning Integration in College Physics in the Alamo Community Colleges District  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Academic achievement and student participation in physics are lower than desired. Research has shown that there is a shortage of college students entering science and technology fields such as physics. E-learning may provide the technology-oriented Net Generation learner an option for taking courses such as physics in a course modality with which they are most comfortable thus garnering more participation and higher academic achievement. A quantitative ex-post facto study was performed to compare face-to-face and E-learning modalities on course completion and physics achievement for an entire introductory physics course. The theoretical framework for this study was based on the constructivist theory of education that implies a student-centered learning process. The sample consisted of 116 students enrolled in introductory physics courses at four 2-year community colleges in Texas. Course completion, SAT scores, Force Concept Inventory examination scores, as well as demographic information and employment information were examined. Linear and ordinal multiple regression analysis were used to determine if course modality is predictive of physics achievement while controlling for general scholastic aptitude, current employment, the presence of children in the home, and teacher evaluations. The results showed that students in the E-learning course performed better on the Force Concept Inventory than those in the traditional course both in the multiple regression analysis, beta = .61, p < .001, and in the ordinal regression analysis, Wald(1) = 18.83, p < .001. A chi-square test was used to determine if course completion rates differ between students in the two course modalities. The results showed no difference in course completion rates between students in the two course modalities, chi 2(1, n = 116) = 1.02, p = .312. It was concluded that students in an E-learning course modality had higher physics achievement but were no more likely to complete the introductory physics course than students were in a face-to-face modality. It was recommended that other colleges and universities should develop and test E-learning courses for introductory physics, that larger sample sizes should be used in future studies, and that additional outcome variables including the likelihood that a student chooses physics as a major or the likelihood that a student completes a physics degree should be examined.

Zhou, Qiaoying

415

The educational function of an astronomy REU program as described by participating women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which REUs acted as educational experiences for 51 women in the field of astronomy, in an attempt to develop a theory of experience related to the REU. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. All data were analyzed using a theoretical framework of continuity and interaction, in a search for transformative experiences. Four findings emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants' knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self". Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not function to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.

Slater, Stephanie Jean

416

Insights from an 8-Year Longitudinal Study of Female REU Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-running REU program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This 8-year, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women from a single scientific discipline. This paper describes the results of that analysis in two sections. The first section describes the results from an ex post facto longitudinal data analysis. This data included multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes, over an 8-year period. As a result of this analysis, four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the nature of the scientific process, the culture of academia, and finally, an understanding of the "self." This analysis served as an initial theory that was used to design the second stage, interview protocol. In the second stage over 10 hours of interviews with 8 participants were conducted and analyzed. These 8 participants were selected to represent a variety of career stages, and for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Analysis of this interview data failed to provide disconfirming evidence. Results from this study indicate that the REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, or the culture of academia. Results further indicated that the REU did not serve to transform participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, and learning gains with regard to other aspects of the self, were somewhat limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women arrived at the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently the result of interactions with mentors/scientists from middle school until well into the undergraduate period. Formal and informal interactions with research scientists and instructors, in addition to family members, served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained interactions with a single mentor at a home institution were particularly transformational. This study suggests further studies into the impact of long-term mentors on women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.

Slater, S. J.

2009-12-01

417

Learning-style preferences of Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in an introductory biology course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify, according to the Productivity Environment Preference Survey (PEPS) instrument, which learning-style domains (environmental, emotional, sociological, and physiological) were favored among Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in introductory biology classes in a large, urban community college. An additional purpose of this study was to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between the learning-style preferences and the demographic variables of age, gender, number of prior science courses, second language learner status, and earlier exposure to scientific information. Methodology. The study design was descriptive and ex post facto. The sample consisted of a total of 332 Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in General Biology 3. Major findings. The study revealed that Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in introductory biology at a large urban community college scored higher for the learning preference element of structure. Students twenty-five years and older scored higher for the learning preference elements of light, design, persistence, responsibility, and morning time (p <= 0.05). Females scored higher in the preference elements of (a) light, (b) temperature (warmth), (c) authority and (d) auditory (p <= 0.05). Significant differences were found for the elements of sound, warmth, motivation, several ways, and intake between the students with no prior science coursework and those who completed more than one (p <= 0.05). No significant learning-style preferences were found between second English language learners and those who learned English as their primary language (p <= 0.05). Students who frequently read science articles scored higher for the elements of motivation, persistence, responsibility, and tactile (p <= 0.05). Conclusions and recommendations. The conclusions were that Latino/Hispanic students need detailed guidance and clearly stated course objectives. The recommendations were: (1) College professors, counselors, and administrators must become aware of the Dunn learning-style model and instruments and on recent learning-style research articles on ethnically diverse groups of adult learners; and (2) Instructors should plan their instruction to incorporate the learning-style preferences of their students.

Sarantopoulos, Helen D.

418

Ten-Year Retrospective Longitudinal-Study of Student Perspectives on Value of REU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than two decades, federal agencies have been enthusiastically supporting summer research experiences for undergraduates. These REU programs are tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. Numerous authors (viz., Laursen, Lopatto, Dolan, among many others) have enthusiastically described positive impacts of summer REU programs from exit interview data. These results include enhanced persistence to pursue STEM careers and confirmed desire to attend graduate school in the field targeted by a particular REU. Perhaps surprisingly, negative student experiences are rarely described in the scholarly literature, but do appear in more informal publications (viz., Gueterma, 2007). One wonders how REU alumni, looking back over their entire collective portfolio of experiences, now perceive the educational value of their REU experience relative to their other educational experiences. To obtain a backwards-looking, reflective description from REU alumni on the value of their REU experiences, we conducted a 10-year, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women from a single geoscience sub-discipline. The first phase was an ex post facto longitudinal analysis of data, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes, over a 10-year period. This analysis informed the second phase, a clinical interview. Over 10 hours of interviews with 8 participants were conducted and analyzed. These 8 participants were selected to represent a variety of career stages, and for their potential to reflect on a wide variety of educational experiences. Results from the interviews, done many years after their REU experience, indicate that the interviewees' REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, or the culture of academia when considered in a comparative context of students' other educational experiences. Results further indicated that the REU did not serve to transform participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, and learning gains with regard to other aspects of the self, were somewhat limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women arrived at the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently the result of interactions with mentors/scientists from middle school until well into the undergraduate period.

Slater, T. F.; Slater, S. J.

2013-12-01

419

Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

2009-01-01

420

NCI: Research Resources > Search Research Resources  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search Advanced Search Enter words or phrases to search the NCI Research Resources Web site. Search by Keyword(s) Enter Keyword(s) Search by Category and/or DOC Search

421

Air Research Program: Susceptibility Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The susceptibility research track is focused on susceptibility due to life stage, disease state, and genetics. For each aspect, wherever possible an integrative cross-disciplinary approach is used that combines in vitro mechanistic studies with animal models and human clinical an...

422

Researching the Use of Using Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a review of the research utilization specialist (RUS) program in California, 1969-1974. California was one of nine demonstration sites for the RUS project. During the 5 year period, three persons held the RUS position; each individual shaped his r...

1975-01-01

423

Marketing Research for Volunteering: A Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contributing an estimated AUD42 billion dollars a year to the Australian economy and US150 billion dollars to the USA, volunteering has become an industry sector of major importance. It has consequently attracted significant attention among researchers of various disciplines, including marketing. Nevertheless, the industry is confronted with ongoing challenges, particularly in the area of recruitment. This article provides a review

Sara Dolnicar; Melanie J. Randle

2004-01-01

424

Research and technology, Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aeronautics, space, and terrestrial energy research is covered. Energy conversion processes and systems for propulsion in the atmosphere, in space, and on the ground are reviewed. Electric energy generation and storage for both terrestrial and space applications and materials and structures for such systems are also reviewed.

1982-01-01

425

Air Research Program: Key Pathways research track  

EPA Science Inventory

The pathways research track applies animal, cellular, and human studies to discern whether there is a common molecular mechanism (e.g. production of oxidative stress, phosphatase inhibition, disruption of iron homeostasis) through which air pollutants induce toxicity of air pollu...

426

Research Schools: Grounding Research in Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education lacks a strong infrastructure for connecting research with educational practice and policy. The need for this linkage grows as findings in cognitive science and biology become ever more relevant to education. Teachers often lack the background knowledge needed to interpret scientific results, whereas scientists often lack an…

Hinton, Christina; Fischer, Kurt W.

2008-01-01

427

Fire Research at the National Research Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of fire research emphasizes test procedures and architectural element performance. Measurement and simulation of fire conditions establish "fire load" specifications, structural influences, and corridor surface lining data. Topics studied include--(1) fire endurance of building elements, (2) material flammability, (3) material…

Shorter, G.W.

428

Research Focus: Reviewing Recent Research on Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is perhaps no subject more contentious in schools than assessment and yet, often, at classroom, school and national level, inferences and decisions are made without much reference to research in this area. In fact, teachers often accept or interpret assessment requirements without question, feeling that assessment has to be approached in a…

Harrison, Chris

2012-01-01

429

Consent for neonatal research  

PubMed Central

Inherent to all medical research is respect for the rights of the individual. Neonatal research is made more complex by the issue of proxy consent. Obtaining valid informed consent for entry of an infant into a research project needs to deal with this complexity. New evidence on the role and responsibilities of parents in giving consent has implications for all clinical staff that are considering embarking on and/or recruiting infants in research projects. This review explores the issues around informed consent for neonatal research and provides a framework by which consent could be improved. It is to be hoped that such improvements to the process will increase recruitment of infants to research studies while enhancing the validity of the consent process.

McKechnie, L; Gill, A B

2006-01-01

430

Understanding Animal Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The public debate on animal research sometimes gets so heated that the facts can be overlooked. How many animals are used in research every year? Do people know that most of them are mice or rats? Why are animals genetically modified? How is animal research regulated? How are the animals cared for? What actually happens to research animals? How does the use of animals in research and testing compare with other uses of animals by society? This website aims to answer all of these questions as well as provide information on animal research and human health, policy issues, and latest news. This website also includes a learning center. Information is geared towards learners in the U.K.

Understanding Animal Research (Understanding Animal Research)

2009-01-01

431

Construction Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) research facility is part of the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (USAERDC) of the Army Corps of Engineers' research and development organization. CERL "conducts research and development in infrastructure and environmental sustainment." New technologies that the lab develops are used "to help military installations provide and maintain quality training lands and facilities for soldiers and their families." Some applications are also found in the private sector. The research is organized into numerous themes, including the study of enduring buildings, ecosystem management, land use planning, and seismic engineering. The website describes each of the themes and offers a link to its database of publications and products/capabilities. Visitors can also search the database by keyword. Another section of the website describes the portal software used to develop and maintain the website.

432

Organizing research data.  

PubMed

Research relies on ever larger amounts of data from experiments, automated production equipment, questionnaries, times series such as weather records, and so on. A major task in science is to combine, process and analyse such data to obtain evidence of patterns and correlations.Most research data are on digital form, which in principle ensures easy processing and analysis, easy long-term preservation, and easy reuse in future research, perhaps in entirely unanticipated ways. However, in practice, obstacles such as incompatible or undocumented data formats, poor data quality and lack of familiarity with current technology prevent researchers from making full use of available data.This paper argues that relational databases are excellent tools for veterinary research and animal production; provides a small example to introduce basic database concepts; and points out some concerns that must be addressed when organizing data for research purposes. PMID:21999359

Sestoft, Peter

2011-01-01

433

Organizing research data  

PubMed Central

Research relies on ever larger amounts of data from experiments, automated production equipment, questionnaries, times series such as weather records, and so on. A major task in science is to combine, process and analyse such data to obtain evidence of patterns and correlations. Most research data are on digital form, which in principle ensures easy processing and analysis, easy long-term preservation, and easy reuse in future research, perhaps in entirely unanticipated ways. However, in practice, obstacles such as incompatible or undocumented data formats, poor data quality and lack of familiarity with current technology prevent researchers from making full use of available data. This paper argues that relational databases are excellent tools for veterinary research and animal production; provides a small example to introduce basic database concepts; and points out some concerns that must be addressed when organizing data for research purposes.

2011-01-01

434

Space biology research development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute is to conduct and promote research related activities regarding the search for extraterrestrial life, particularly intelligent life. Such research encompasses the broad discipline of 'Life in the Universe', including all scientific and technological aspects of astronomy and the planetary sciences, chemical evolution, the origin of life, biological evolution, and cultural evolution. The primary purpose was to provide funding for the Principal Investigator to collaborate with the personnel of the SETI Institute and the NASA-Ames Research center in order to plan and develop space biology research on and in connection with Space Station Freedom; to promote cooperation with the international partners in the space station; to conduct a study on the use of biosensors in space biology research and life support system operation; and to promote space biology research through the initiation of an annual publication 'Advances in Space Biology and Medicine'.

Bonting, Sjoerd L.

1993-01-01

435

Chronic Poverty Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) is an international organization made up of partnerships with universities and research organizations all working to "stimulate national and international debate; deepen understanding of the causes of chronic poverty; and provide research, analysis and policy guidance." The CPRC's website has more than 400 publications that visitors can download. There are "Working Papers Series" for India, Bangladesh and West Africa, which address everything from child laborers, spatial inequality in social progress, and technological change in food production. There are also "Policy Briefs" and "Journal Articles" visitors can download. The "Toolbox" is an excellent and unique resource for researchers, donor agencies, and students to learn how to use a mix of methodological approaches to better reflect the multi-dimensionality and complexity of poverty. Visitors will find such areas of guidance as "Designing Research," "Collecting Data," "Dissemination," and "Impact Assessment" that can aid in producing relevant and rigorous research.

436

VCSELs: A Research Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter attempts to briefly review the research history of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). Based on the contents of previous monographs on VCSELs written in English, we motivate the selection of topics in the present book and give an introduction to the individual chapters. Moreover, we mention some other research that is not covered in a dedicated chapter in order to provide the readers with even deeper insights into VCSEL research. Future directions and opportunities are also indicated.

Michalzik, Rainer

437

Graduate Research Fellowship Program  

NSF Publications Database

The Graduate Research Fellowship Program awards fellowships for graduate study leading to research-based master?s or doctoral degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) relevant to the mission of the National Science Foundation (NSF-Supported FIelds of Specialization). Complete applications include information that must be submitted electronically using NSF?s FastLane Graduate Research Fellowship Program application module at http://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/...

438

Engineering Research Centers  

NSF Publications Database

The ERC?s precollege outreach program should build upon precollege outreach programs of the participating universities but the resulting effort must be focused by the research topic of the proposed ERC. The precollege outreach programs are largely supported by base NSF support and should include a tracking and assessment component. The proposing ERC should be prepared to support its own Research Experiences for Teachers program, modeled after the NSF/ENG Research Experiences for Teachers (...

439

Solid state research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following aspects of solid state research Solid State Device Research - Heterodyne Radiometry at 28 micrometers; Wideband Integrated-Optics Electrooptic Intensity Modulator for 3.39- micrometers Operation; Quantum Electronics - Transient Carrier Density and Light Output Measurements of Pulsed Diode Lasers; Materials Research Zone-Melting Recrystallization of Si- and Ge-on-Insulator Films, MOSFETs Fabricated Using Self-Aligned Silicide Technology, GaAs Optical MESFET Detectors Fabricated

A. L. McWhorter

1985-01-01

440

Naval Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Washington, D.C., the NRL is the corporate research laboratory for the Navy and Marine Corps and conducts a broad program of scientific research, technology and advanced development. Site provides insight into the many accomplishments and on-going research of the lab. Learn about how GPS began and advances in meteorology and radar applications. Information includes the history of the lab, a visitor's guide, and more.

441

Priscu Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Priscu Research Group, led by Professor John C. Priscu in the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences at Montana State University focuses on the geomicrobiology, biogeochemistry, and ecology of Antarctic lakes. The site provides information on personnel, research, publications, data, images, Arctic and Antarctic related links, and links to Montana State University, the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, and the McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research.

Priscu, John C.

2011-09-19

442

Nuclear Stewardship Research  

SciTech Connect

The second year of our research program has been marked by significant success and progress. It has also been marked by significant changes both in the personnel and location of the major experimental research program. This report covers the period roughly from August 2004 through May 2005. During this period our research has focused mainly on applying the surrogate reaction technique and the ''ratio'' method to deduce neutron induced fission cross sections on uranium nuclei.

C.W. Beausang

2005-06-10

443

Hydrocarbon geoscience research strategy  

SciTech Connect

This document outlines a strategy for oil and gas related research focused on optimizing the economic producibility of the Nation's resources. The Hydrocarbon Geoscience Strategy was developed by the Hydrocarbon Geoscience Research Coordinating Committee of the Department of Energy (DOE). This strategy forms the basis for the development of DOE Fossil Energy's Oil Research Program Implementation Plan and Natural Gas Program Implementation Plan. 24 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-01

444

Computational fluid dynamics research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focus of research in the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) area is two fold: (1) to develop new approaches for turbulence modeling so that high speed compressible flows can be studied for applications to entry and re-entry flows; and (2) to perform research to improve CFD algorithm accuracy and efficiency for high speed flows. Research activities, faculty and student participation, publications, and financial information are outlined.

Chandra, Suresh; Jones, Kenneth; Hassan, Hassan; Mcrae, David Scott

1992-01-01

445

Economics Research Network (ERN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Social Sciences Research Network (for more information, see the November 29, 1999 Scout Report), the Economics Research Network offers abstracts and full-text papers and articles from over 25 economics journals. The journals are searchable through the Social Sciences Research Network's electronic library. ERN lists the economic journals offered in the electronic library, complete with a pithy description of the journal and advisory board members. The site also includes job listings and announcements.

446

Research in Undergraduate Institutions  

NSF Publications Database

The Foundation's research programs are summarized in the NSF Guide to Programs located at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf0065 on the NSF Web site. Many research projects do not fit neatly into a single NSF program, and NSF disciplinary programs often cooperate in the review of interdisciplinary research and shared-use equipment proposals. The principal difference between RUI proposals and "regular" NSF proposals is the additional requirement that RUI proposals must include an RUI Impact...

447

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1923, the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) has been an independent, international association committed to the promotion of interdisciplinary research in the social sciences. This Website provides information about the SSRC's academic conferences, grant opportunities, fellowship programs, scholarly exchanges, research committees, and council publications. Expository information about the SSRC as well as a brief history of the council are also available on-site.

448

European Forest Institute: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This European Forest Institute (EFI) is "An independent non-governmental organization conducting European forest research." This website provides information about EFI's mission, research goals, strategies and programs. Site users can view information about on-going and completed projects in any of the four EFI research programs which include: Forest Ecology and Management, Forest Products Markets and Socio-Economics, Policy Analysis, and Forest Resources and Information. EFI also provides a search engine for locating specific research projects as well as information about how to propose an EFI project.

449

Biological Research Collections (BRC)  

NSF Publications Database

... thereafter SUMMARY OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS General Information Program Title: Biological Research ... in particular, and to biological sciences in general. II. PROGRAM DESCRIPTIONThe Biological ...

450

Biological Research Collections  

NSF Publications Database

... THEREAFTER SUMMARY OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS General Information Program Title: Biological Research ... in particular, and to biological sciences in general. II. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Biological ...

451

Global Ice Core Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This informative site from the US Geological Survey (USGS) covers the latest ice-core research projects from around the world, including sites in Nepal, Norway, and Kyrghyzstan. Authored by researchers at the Global Ice core Research Office, the site contains an overview of the mid-latitude and polar glaciers, isotopic methods in glacial research, and applications to paleoclimatology. Links to maps, figures, and in some cases, full-text articles (HTML) about specific glaciers are available, and the site is peppered with color photos of glacial environments. Links to biographies of the scientists involved in the project, contacts, and other snow and ice sites are also listed.

452

FASEB Summer Research Conferences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information regarding summer research conferences hosted internationally by FASEB. The conferences spread a wide range of scientific specialties and serve academics and health professionals.

2012-07-24

453

Research posts for women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting proposals for its Visiting Professorships for Women (VPW) program. Under this program, female scientists and engineers who are experienced in independent research can undertake advanced research as visiting professors at universities or research institutions that have the necessary facilities. In addition to research, each visiting professor takes on lecturing, counseling, and “other interactive activities” intended to increase the visibility of female scientists at the host institution and to encourage other women to pursue careers in science and engineering, according to NSF.

454

Coastal Research Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from Carolina Coastal Science Research Technology allows students to learn about scientific technology used on research vessels on the Carolina Coast. Students can click on an instrument to learn how it is used in research. Instruments featured are the S4 current meter, Shipek, Millicore filter, Conductivity/Temperature/Depth (CTD), Box core, Rock dredge, Secchi disk, Otter trawl, remote operated vehicle (ROV), Coastal Research Amphibious Buggy (CRAB), Lighter Amphibious Resupply Cargo (LARC), and global positioning system (GPS). Each instrument location has an explanation of its use and several photographs that show it in action. In addition there are some videos taken by the ROV and of the CRAB.

455

About the Research Group  

Cancer.gov

Provides scientific and administrative oversight for preclinical chemoprevention agent development up to early phase I chemopreventive agent research utilizing physiological endpoints in healthy volunteers.

456

Mars mission research center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Mars Mission Research Center is one of nine University Space Engineering Research Centers established by NASA to broaden the nation's engineering capability to meet the critical needs of the civilian space program. It has the goal of focusing on research and training technologies for planetary exploration with particular emphasis on Mars. The research combines: (1) composite materials and fabrication, (2) light weight structures and controls, and (3) hypersonic aerodynamics and propulsion in a cross disciplined program directed towards the development of the space transportation system for planetary travel.

1988-01-01

457

Annual research briefs, 1990  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 1990 annual progress reports of the Research Fellows and students of the Center for Turbulent Research (CTR) are included. It is intended primarily as a contractor report to NASA, Ames Research Center. In addition, numerous CTR Manuscript Reports were published last year. The purpose of the CTR Manuscript Series is to expedite the dissemination of research results by the CTR staff. The CTR is devoted to the fundamental study of turbulent flow; its objectives are to produce advances in physical understanding of turbulence, in turbulence modeling and simulation, and in turbulence control.

1991-01-01

458

CRCHD - Health Disparities Research - Timeline  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Health Disparities Research - Timeline Home Health Disparities & CRCHD Health Disparities Timeline Health Disparities Defined Research Priorities NIH/NCI Research, Prevention and Training Initiatives Health

459

Scientifically Based Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most principals are aware that the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 makes it mandatory for school leaders who depend on federal funding to select and implement programs that are based on scientific research. This publication reviews five documents that offer insights into what is meant by scientifically based research and help school leaders…

Beghetto, Ron

2003-01-01

460

Mars Mission Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Mars Mission Research Center is one of nine University Space Engineering Research Centers established by NASA to broaden the nation's engineering capability to meet the critical needs of the civilian space program. It has the goal of focusing on resea...

1988-01-01

461

Rethinking the Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With rare exceptions, the assignment of a research paper elicits groans from students and sighs from their teachers, or worse. While the research paper became a fixture in composition textbooks and classrooms by the 1940s, its origins can be traced to fundamental changes in the American academy after the Civil War. The language of the term paper…

Ballenger, Bruce

462

Mapping Medical Informatics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to create a big picture of a knowledge domain is valuable to both experts and newcomers, who can use such a picture to orient themselves in the field’s intellectual space, track the dynamics of the field, or discover potential new areas of research. In this chapter we present an overview of medical informatics research by applying domain visualization

Shauna Eggers; Zan Huang; Hsinchun Chen; Lijun Yan; Cathy Larson; Asraa Rashid; Michael Chau; Chienting Lin

463

Council on Undergraduate Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Council on Undergraduate Research is a national professional organization with more than 3,500 members representing over 850 institutions in seven academic divisions. Serving faculty and administrators at primarily undergraduate institutions in the sciences, CUR encourages the development of undergraduate research programs by generating awareness and national support.

2003-10-10

464

Differentiation. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of differentiation was initiated by educators of and researchers for students who were classified as gifted and talented. Subsequently, this concept has become part of the general belief system that educators must meet and address the needs of every child, regardless of ability levels. Researchers have found that most teachers state that…

Walker, Karen

2005-01-01

465

Research Outlook 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This edition is a five-year strategy document which describes how the EPA research program plans to address major issues. Each chapter relates to the research applicable to a segment of the Agency's regulatory program. Within each chapter, an introduction...

1982-01-01

466

Cafeteria Food. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, high school students account for 60% of food sold in cafeterias. School lunches should provide 33% of the students' energy intake, however, according to some research, it was found that it tends to only provide 19% because of the sale of "competitive" foods. Research by the U.S. Department of Agriculture found that girls ages 14-18 eat…

Walker, Karen

2005-01-01

467

Scoliosis Research Society  

MedlinePLUS

... in 49 countries, as well as some researchers, physician assistants and orthotists who are involved in research and treatment of spinal deformities. The organization holds an annual meeting with strong ... should contact their treating physician about the relevance of any information listed on ...

468

Research on Fluidization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Virginia University was designated by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as the NSF University/Industry Fluidization and Fluid Particle Cooperative Research Center. Background information about the center, its research program (focusing on fundamental problems of reacting systems at elevated temperatures), and future prospects are…

Bailie, Richard C.; And Others

1985-01-01

469

Making Research Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighth-grade teacher Lesley Roessing designed an assignment that makes individual student research useful and accessible to the entire class. She outlines steps students take to create a guide to supplement their reading of "Waiting for the Rain: A Novel of South Africa." She then builds on the research experience in another unit by addressing…

Roessing, Lesley

2007-01-01

470

Institutional Research Bulletin, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Institutional Research Bulletin" is a collection of research summaries relating to Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) in Hawaii. Highlights for the 1997 volume (February-October) include: (1) spring 1997 enrollment summary, grouped by demographics and major; (2) comparison of English 100 and English 160 as pre-requisites for writing-intensive…

Abou-Sayf, Frank, Ed.

1997-01-01

471

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research efforts of University of Virginia students under a NASA sponsored program are summarized and the status of the program is reported. The research includes: testing method evaluations for N version programming; a representation scheme for modeling three dimensional objects; fault tolerant protocols for real time local area networks; performance investigation of Cyber network; XFEM implementation; and vectorizing incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradients.

Ortega, J. M.

1984-01-01

472

The Arcadia research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arcadia Research Project is being conducted by the Arcadia Consortium to develop innovative technology in support of advanced Project Support Environments. The Arcadia Consortium consists of a collection of separately-funded, informally coordinated research and development projects at The University of California at Irvine, The University of Colorado at Boulder, The University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Stanford University, The Aerospace

1990-01-01

473

Doing Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a hands-on guide for students engaged in educational research, this book provides an introduction to key qualitative and quantitative methods necessary for those commencing research for the first time. The reader is shown how these methods work and how their outcomes may be interpreted. The book includes: (1) A variety of examples and…

Opie, Clive

2004-01-01

474

RESEARCH BULLETIN. NUMBER 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES CONCERNING RESEARCH WITH THE VISUALLY HANDICAPPED ARE PRESENTED IN THIS BULLETIN--"TRENDS OF THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROCESS ON THE SENSORILY IMPAIRED--EUROPE AND THE U.S.A. 1966" BY M.D. GRAHAM AND L.L. CLARK, "THE PERCEPTION OF GRADIENT AND THE VERRING TENDENCY WHILE WALKING WITHOUT VISION" BY B.J. CRATTY, "VERRING…

CLARK, LESLIE L., ED.

475

Research governance: ethical issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Healthcare research is haunted by a history of unethical studies in which profound harm was caused to vulnerable individuals. Official systems for gaining ethical approval for research, designed to prevent a repetition of these shameful examples, can prove bureaucratic and inflexible in practice. The core ethical principles of respect for autonomy, prevention of harm, promotion of benefit, and justice

Anne Slowther; Petra Boynton; Sara Shaw; Trisha Greenhalgh

2006-01-01

476

Reporting Unethical Research Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered a survey to 606 National Science Foundation-funded principal investigators and their institutions' representatives (n=91) to study responses to unethical research behavior. Scientists appear to perceive that they uphold their responsibility to respond through disclosures in the research community; administrators propose to report such…

Wenger, Neil S.; Korenman, Stanley G.; Berk, Richard; Liu, Honghu

1999-01-01

477

Research Exchange, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three issues of this newsletter of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) provide articles, columns by the Institute Director, and news items. The major articles include: "Adapting the Marketing Concept to the Dissemination and Utilization of Disability Research"; "NIDRR Grantees' Q & A about Marketing"; "Using…

Research Exchange, 2000

2000-01-01

478

EPA REMOTE SENSING RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The 2006 transgenic corn imaging research campaign has been greatly assisted through a cooperative effort with several Illinois growers who provided planting area and crop composition. This research effort was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of remote sensed imagery of var...

479

Microgravity Science Research Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a transcription of the Microgravity Science Research Panel's discussion about their research and about some of the contributions that they feel have been important to the field during their time with the program. The panel includes Dr. Eugene Trinh, Dr. Lawrence DeLucas, Dr. Charles Bugg, Dr. David Larson, and Dr. Simon Ostrach.

Carpenter, Bradley M.; Trinh, Eugene H.; DeLucas, Lawrence J.; Larson, David; Koss, Matthew; Ostrach, Simon

2000-01-01

480

NASA's Microgravity Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Fiscal Year 1999 Annual Report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program. The Program's goals, approach taken to achieve those goals, and program resources are summarized. A review of the Program's status at the end of FY1999 and highlights of the ground-and-flight research are provided.

Woodard, Dan R. (Editor); Henderson, Robin N. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

481

NASA Microgravity Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Fiscal Year 1998 Annual Report describes key elements of the NASA Microgravity Research Program. The Program's goals, approach taken to achieve those goals, and program resources are summarized. A review of the Program's status at the end of FY1998 and highlights of the ground- and-flight-based research are provided.

Woodard, Dan

1999-01-01

482

Research Symposium I  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proceedings of this symposium consist of abstracts of talks presented by interns at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). The interns assisted researchers at GRC in projects which primarily address the following topics: aircraft engines and propulsion, spacecraft propulsion, fuel cells, thin film photovoltaic cells, aerospace materials, computational fluid dynamics, aircraft icing, management, and computerized simulation.

2004-01-01

483

Institutional Research Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Institutional Research Bulletin" is a collection of research summaries relating to Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) in Hawaii. Highlights from the 1998 volume (February-December) include: (1) spring 1998 enrollment summary, grouped by demographics and major; (2) patterns of complete withdrawal, 1997-98; (3) repetition and completion rates…

Abou-Sayf, Frank, Ed.

1998-01-01

484

Researcher Web Site Features  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

485

Freshman Research Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Freshman Research Initiative (FRI), developed by the University of Texas at Austin, is a new model in undergraduate education that offers first-year students the opportunity to engage in authentic research experiences in chemistry, biochemistry, nanotechnology, molecular biology, physics, astronomy, and computer sciences while being mentored by faculty and graduate students.

Sarah Louise Simmons (University of Texas at Austin;College of Natural Sciences)

2010-05-28

486

Residents Manual - Research Rotation  

Cancer.gov

Technical Skills In the course of performing research, the resident will develop expertise and skills that will not only have immediate relevance to the practice of pathology today, but which will serve as the foundation to advance patient care as these research approaches become incorporated into the corpus of the practice of pathology.

487

CRCHD - CRCHD Research  

Cancer.gov

Prior to his appointment at the NCI, Dr. Chu worked in early detection research in the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control (now the Division of Cancer Prevention) at the National Cancer Institute. He has been involved in number of cancer research activities from studying carcinogen bioassays to developing risk assessments to examining the efficacy of early detection screening procedures.

488

Composing a Research Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article about her early career development and the experiences that shaped her life as a scholar and researcher, the author describes the work lives of university-based teacher educators and what it means to compose a research life in this field. This article draws on the author's 30 years as a university-based teacher educator. In it, she…

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn

2012-01-01

489

Convention Site Selection Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, destinations aggressively compete for the rights to host some of the hundreds of thousands of meetings and conventions held around the world each year. Yet very little academic research has focused on this industry. This paper develops a conceptual model and research propositions as a basis for further empirical study.

Geoffrey I. Crouch; J. R. Brent Ritchie

1997-01-01

490

Latest Research: Genetic Links  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature: Vision Latest Research: Genetic Links Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of Contents ... Disease Genotyping Network (eyeGENE), the NEI is expanding genetic testing of ... of research labs that offers testing for affected individuals. EyeGENE ...

491

Research and Development  

Cancer.gov

Contact: Joseph Boland M.S., Director, Research and Development The main objective of the Research and Development (R&D) group is the evaluation of new technologies that can improve the quality and variety of laboratory services provided to DCEG PIs.

492

Transformative Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paradigms serve as metaphysical frameworks that guide researchers in the identification and clarification of their beliefs with regard to ethics, reality, knowledge, and methodology. The transformative paradigm is explained and illustrated as a framework for researchers who place a priority on social justice and the furtherance of human rights.…

Mertens, Donna M.

2010-01-01

493

Organizational learning research profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a keyword search of the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), ABI Inform and PyschLit databases using the terms “organizational learning” and “learning organization” to uncover patterns relating to: the amount of publishing activity by year; influential authors; journals publishing organizational learning research; and type of research published.

Mary Crossan; Tracy Guatto

1996-01-01

494

Research, Practice and Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three issues concerning the relationship between research and practice are addressed. (1) A certain 'prototype mathematics classroom' seems to dominate the research field, which in many cases seems selective with respect to what practices to address. I suggest challenging the dominance of the discourse created around the prototype mathematics classroom. (2) I find it important to broaden the school-centred discourse

Ole Skovsmose

495

Conclusions and suggested research  

SciTech Connect

Although load management must be investigated and applied on each specific rail transit system, there are a few principles that are general enough to apply to any system. The conclusions drawn from the results of this research are given. Specific areas for research are also identified.

Not Available

1983-12-01

496

Health Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles illustrate how health education research has mirrored the changes in the profession's growth, direction, and emphasis: (1) "Research Relationships and Relevancy" (Creswell); (2) "National Survey of Secondary Education" (Frederick and Brammell); and (3) "Evaluating Health Practice and Understanding" (Veenker). (CB)

Health Education (Washington D.C.), 1985

1985-01-01

497

CYCLOPS-3 System Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the CYCLOPS Project research is the development of techniques for allowing computers to perform visual scene analysis, pre-processing of visual imagery, and perceptual learning. Work on scene analysis and learning has previously been described. The present report deals with research on pre-processing and with further work on scene…

Marill, Thomas; And Others

498

Telling Stories of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimental narrative forms of writing research can offer empowering representations for adult education and feminist researchers. This article presents a selection of academic storytelling in the form of scanned transcript poems or "Learning stories," produced through interviews with women who participated in a special access program in rural…

Evelyn, Debra

2004-01-01

499

Knowledge Delivery Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of knowledge delivery research is to create a technology of authorship by computer. Existing technology is all in the laboratory stage, and is limited to very small, rigidly constrained texts. This research project has focused on two kinds of dev...

W. C. Mann

1986-01-01

500

Reframing Research Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to inform administrators and organizational leaders that a change in the support offered to faculty and the environment of research administration is desirable. This recommendation is supported by the results of a Delphi study that was undertaken to gather expert opinions and recommendations from research faculty…

Cole, Sharon Stewart

2010-01-01