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1

An Ex Post Facto Evaluation Framework for Place-Based Police Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A small but growing body of research evidence suggests that place-based police interventions generate significant crime control gains. While place-based policing strategies have been adopted by a majority of U.S. police departments, very few agencies make a priori commitments to rigorous evaluations. Objective: Recent methodological developments were applied to conduct a rigorous ex post facto evaluation of the Boston

Anthony A. Braga; David M. Hureau; Andrew V. Papachristos

2011-01-01

2

An Ex Post Facto Study Exploring the Impact of Parental Level of Education and Parental Support on First-Year College Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the impact that parental levels of education and parental support have on college adjustment for first-year students. An ex post facto design was used to examine parental level of education and parental support as variables. Parental level of education is a categorical variable based on report from the student. Parental support…

Huntley, Kristy M.

2011-01-01

3

An Ex Post Facto Evaluation Framework for Place-Based Police Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: A small but growing body of research evidence suggests that place-based police interventions generate significant crime control gains. While place-based policing strategies have been adopted by a majority of U.S. police departments, very few agencies make a priori commitments to rigorous evaluations. Objective: Recent methodological…

Braga, Anthony A.; Hureau, David M.; Papachristos, Andrew V.

2011-01-01

4

Checklist content on a standardized patient assessment: an ex post facto review.  

PubMed

While checklists are often used to score standardized patient based clinical assessments, little research has focused on issues related to their development or the level of agreement with respect to the importance of specific items. Five physicians independently reviewed checklists from 11 simulation scenarios that were part of the former Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduate's Clinical Skills Assessment and classified the clinical appropriateness of each of the checklist items. Approximately 78% of the original checklist items were judged to be needed, or indicated, given the presenting complaint and the purpose of the assessment. Rater agreement was relatively poor with pairwise associations (Kappa coefficient) ranging from 0.09 to 0.29. However, when only consensus indicated items were included, there was little change in examinee scores, including their reliability over encounters. Although most checklist items in this sample were judged to be appropriate, some could potentially be eliminated, thereby minimizing the scoring burden placed on the standardized patients. Periodic review of checklist items, concentrating on their clinical importance, is warranted. PMID:16871427

Boulet, John R; van Zanten, Marta; de Champlain, André; Hawkins, Richard E; Peitzman, Steven J

2006-07-27

5

EX-POST REDISTRIBUTION IN A FEDERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes whether changes in the timing of equalizing transfers to state governments necessitate an adjustment in federal corrective policy. According to the existing literature (assuming an ex-ante choice of transfers), the corrective grant is equal to the marginal damage\\/benefit inflicted by externality generation. When the federal government accommodates state finances ex-post, the grant differs in formula from existing

Marko Koethenbuerger

6

Implementation of Algebra I in Eighth Grade: An "Ex-Post Facto" Study on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Only recently have school districts across the nation begun to offer Algebra I to all eighth grade students. Currently, most eighth grade Algebra I curriculum does not have a national consistent focus of topics or level of rigor. A key issue of implementing Algebra I in eighth grade is defining national Algebra I concepts and skills that students…

Realdine, Dorothy S.

2010-01-01

7

Pruning the Fuzziness and Flab From Learning Disabilities Research. Symposium No. 12: Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to S. A. Cohen's paper on research problems in learning disabilities the author agrees on the need for better definitions and more experimental studies (rather than ex post facto correlational studies) but suggests that subgroups within the broad classification of learning disabilities be identified for research and instructional…

Anderson, David O.

1976-01-01

8

Auctioning Social Surplus: First Best Bayesian Mechanism with Ex Post Individual Rationality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper constructs a concrete mechanism\\/auction to explore the consequence of imposing the ex post participation constraint. The main …ndings are: (1) In private good cases (symmetric or asymmetric), we can obtain ex post …rst best, ex post budget balance, at least interim incentive compatibility and ex post individual rationality (we call it ex post social e¢ icency), whenever the

Rongzhu Ke

2009-01-01

9

DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A WIDE RANGE OF ISSUES INVOLVED IN DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION ARE DISCUSSED IN THIS MONOGRAPH. A SECTION ON THE BACKGROUND AND NATURE OF THE PROBLEM DEALS WITH THE HISTORY OF SEGREGATION LAWS, RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS, RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION, AND THE MANIPULATION OF PUPIL TRANSFERS AS AVOIDANCE MANEUVERS. ANOTHER SECTION DISCUSSES THE…

ROSE, ARNOLD

10

Ex ante performance from ex post models of global equity market correlations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of ex post returns reveals the time series properties of correlations, but ex ante correlations are required for efficient diversification. We find that a time-varying parameter model offers the best fit to ex post global equity market correlations, suggesting changing mean correlations and changing rates of adjustment back to the means. Nevertheless, we do not find improved forecast performance

Douglas R. Kahl; Jerry L. Stevens

2009-01-01

11

Ex Post Evaluation of Flood Control Investments: a Case Study in North Dakota  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ex post estimates of a flood control project in North Dakota are compared with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ex ante estimates. Ninety-two percent of the ex ante benefits were suppose to come from water supply and 8% from flood control. Ex post estimates found zero water supply benefits and flood control 37 times higher than ex ante estimates. These added flood control benefits were enough to make up for all the lost water supply benefits. Still the ex post analysis shows that the ex ante estimates were based on inadequate information and did not include commerical fishing and recreation benefits which accounted for 28% of the ex post benefits.

Palanisami, K.; Easter, K. William

1984-12-01

12

Optimal copyright length and ex post investment: a Mickey Mouse approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper formally explores the optimal length of copyright protection when the value of an intellectual work changes over time due to depreciation and value-enhancing ex-post investments. The first main finding is that, in the case of a single project, granting infinitely-lived copyright protection maximizes social welfare when the return on ex-post investments is high relative to the return on

Nodir Adilov; Michael Waldman

2006-01-01

13

Ex-post evaluation analysis of flood control engineering system based on grey relation projection method  

Microsoft Academic Search

For those modern construction projects in the large-scale flood control engineering system built with great investment, they are of great importance. In the evaluation of these projects, many of their effects are concerned. To study the EX-Post Evaluation Analysis (PEA) of Flood Control Engineering System (FCES) from the viewpoint of sustainable development is an urgent need for water resource conservancy.

Yi Xiao; Dongguo Shao; Yunqing Wu

2007-01-01

14

Strait crossings and economic development : Developing economic impact assessment by means of ex post analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is widespread scepticism among politicians and authorities concerning CBA as a main instrument for decision-making. This may cause possible bias towards non-quantitative factors as decisive. The challenge is to improve the methological approach, carefully examining the real benefits for road users. One way of doing this is to develop ex post CBA to test how critical assumptions fit to

Svein Bråthen; Arild Hervik

1997-01-01

15

Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) ReFacto  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... The structure of ReFacto@ has been extensively studied by state-of-the-art techniques and was compared to the structure of plasma-derived factor ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

16

A Descriptive, Ex Post Facto Study of the Leadership Behaviors of Three Southern California Elementary School Principals in High-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose was to identify whether the principals in three Southern California schools that have sustained API scores of at least 900 and state and similar schools ranking of a 10 for three or more consecutive years, demonstrate the eleven behaviors outlined by Marzano, Waters, and McNulty, in successfully achieving second-order change.…

Nagy, Amy L.

2011-01-01

17

A mechanism design approach to an optimal contract under ex ante and ex post private information  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This paper applies a mechanism design approach to the problem of an optimal contract when one party has both ex ante and\\u000a ex post private information. With ex ante private information added to the costly state verification environment, the timing\\u000a of the contract is important in achieving the first-best investment decision. It is shown that an optimal contract involves

C. Choe

1998-01-01

18

De Facto YA Literature and False Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that English teachers have to do their part in teaching literary-cultural literacy, but they also have a responsibility to expose students to the wide range of literature that exists outside of the de facto Young Adult Literature perpetuated by school curricula. Presents annotations of 10 new or overlooked Young Adult books worth reading.…

Crowe, Chris

2002-01-01

19

De facto departures from insanity instructions  

Microsoft Academic Search

De facto departures form the law (de jure) have been noted in such areas as jury revolts, jury nullification, extralegal concerns, and insanity. The thesis developed here is that (a) when such departures have occurred in insanity cases, acritical rather thaninstructive view of jurors has prevailed; (b) this critical view impedes efforts to empirically understand jurors' constructs of insanity and

Norman J. Finkelt

1990-01-01

20

Mitigating the Hypothetical Bias of Willingness to Pay: A Comparison of ExAnte and Ex-Post Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most persistently troubling empirical result in the contingent valuation method literature is the tendency for hypothetical willingness to pay to overestimate real willingness to pay. Two approaches, ex-ante and ex-post, have been developed to mitigate or eliminate the overstatement of hypothetical willingness to pay. The ex-ante approach addresses hypothetical bias in the survey design stage while the ex-post approach

John C. Whitehead; Todd L. Cherry

2004-01-01

21

Ex post power economic analysis of record of decision operational restrictions at Glen Canyon Dam.  

SciTech Connect

On October 9, 1996, Bruce Babbitt, then-Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior signed the Record of Decision (ROD) on operating criteria for the Glen Canyon Dam (GCD). Criteria selected were based on the Modified Low Fluctuating Flow (MLFF) Alternative as described in the Operation of Glen Canyon Dam, Colorado River Storage Project, Arizona, Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) (Reclamation 1995). These restrictions reduced the operating flexibility of the hydroelectric power plant and therefore its economic value. The EIS provided impact information to support the ROD, including an analysis of operating criteria alternatives on power system economics. This ex post study reevaluates ROD power economic impacts and compares these results to the economic analysis performed prior (ex ante) to the ROD for the MLFF Alternative. On the basis of the methodology used in the ex ante analysis, anticipated annual economic impacts of the ROD were estimated to range from approximately $15.1 million to $44.2 million in terms of 1991 dollars ($1991). This ex post analysis incorporates historical events that took place between 1997 and 2005, including the evolution of power markets in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council as reflected in market prices for capacity and energy. Prompted by ROD operational restrictions, this analysis also incorporates a decision made by the Western Area Power Administration to modify commitments that it made to its customers. Simulated operations of GCD were based on the premise that hourly production patterns would maximize the economic value of the hydropower resource. On the basis of this assumption, it was estimated that economic impacts were on average $26.3 million in $1991, or $39 million in $2009.

Veselka, T. D.; Poch, L. A.; Palmer, C. S.; Loftin, S.; Osiek, B; Decision and Information Sciences; Western Area Power Administration

2010-07-31

22

Dynamics of de facto statehood: the South Caucasian de facto states between secession and sovereignty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scattered across the globe there exist a handful of unrecognized statelets. Although some such entities have proven short-lived, others have demonstrated remarkable tenacity. The South Caucasian de facto states – Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorno-Karabakh – have existed for almost 20?years now. This article offers a comparative analysis of how these statelets have attempted to consolidate statehood though processes of

Helge Blakkisrud; Pål Kolstø

2012-01-01

23

Forms of Normalisation in the Quest for De Facto Statehood  

Microsoft Academic Search

De facto states are political entities unable to achieve widespread recognition of their sovereignty that therefore remain largely or totally unrecognised by the international society of sovereign states. Yet, recognition can vary to certain degrees. Instead of taking federal schemes unconditionally for granted, the avenues open for current de facto states to establish themselves in international society have to be

Eiki Berg; Raul Toomla

2009-01-01

24

Willingness to pay for a Green Energy program: A comparison of ex-ante and ex-post hypothetical bias mitigation approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most persistently troubling empirical result in the contingent valuation method literature is the tendency for hypothetical willingness to pay to overestimate real willingness to pay. Two approaches, ex-ante and ex-post, have been developed to mitigate or eliminate the overstatement of hypothetical willingness to pay. The ex-ante approach addresses hypothetical bias in the survey design stage while the ex-post approach

John C. Whitehead; Todd L. Cherry

2007-01-01

25

47 CFR 1.9010 - De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. 1.9010 Section... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9010 De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. (a)...

2009-10-01

26

47 CFR 1.9010 - De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. 1.9010 Section...PROCEDURE Grants by Random Selection Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9010 De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. (a)...

2012-10-01

27

47 CFR 1.9010 - De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. 1.9010 Section... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures...9010 De facto control standard for spectrum leasing arrangements. (a)...

2010-10-01

28

47 CFR 1.9035 - Short-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Short-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements. 1.9035 Section... § 1.9035 Short-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements. (a) Overview...may enter into a short-term de facto transfer leasing arrangement in which the...

2012-10-01

29

Measuring presence with verbal versus pictorial scales: a comparison between online- and ex post-ratings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we compare subjective online- and post-immersion measures. Although its relevance appears obvious from a theoretical\\u000a and applied research perspective, this question has not yet been addressed in previous studies. In addition, we also compare\\u000a verbally and pictorially anchored scales. These factors were measured in different contents using a 2 × 2 × 2 design. We manipulated\\u000a time of measure (online vs.

Bartholomäus Wissmath; David Weibel; Fred W. Mast

2010-01-01

30

Willingness to pay for rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria in southeast Nigeria: ex post and ex ante  

PubMed Central

Background The introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. However, any successful control of malaria will depend on socio-economic factors that influence its management in the community. Willingness to pay (WTP) is important because consumer responses to prices will influence utilization of services and revenues collected. Also the consumer's attitude can influence monetary valuation with respect to different conditions ex post and ex ante. Methods WTP for RDT for Malaria was assessed by the contingent valuation method using a bidding game approach in rural and urban communities in southeast Nigeria. The ex post WTP was assessed at the health centers on 618 patients immediately following diagnosis of malaria with RDT and the ex ante WTP was assessed by household interviews on 1020 householders with a prior history of malaria. Results For the ex ante WTP, 51% of the respondents in urban and 24.7% in rural areas were willing to pay for RDT. The mean WTP (235.49 naira) in urban is higher than WTP (182.05 Naira) in rural areas. For the ex post WTP, 89 and 90.7% of the respondents in urban and rural areas respectively were WTP. The mean WTP (372.30 naira) in urban is also higher than (296.28 naira) in rural areas. For the ex post scenario, the lower two Social Economic Status (SES) quartiles were more willing to pay and the mean WTP is higher than the higher two SES while in the ex ante scenario, the higher two SES quartiles were more WTP and with a higher WTP than the lower two SES quartile. Ex ante and ex post WTP were directly dependent on costs. Conclusion The ex post WTP is higher than the ex ante WTP and both are greater than the current cost of RDTs. Urban dwellers were more willing to pay than the rural dwellers. The mean WTP should be considered when designing suitable financial strategies for making RDTs available to communities.

2010-01-01

31

Assessment of De Facto Wastewater Reuse across the U.S.: Trends between 1980 and 2008.  

PubMed

De facto wastewater reuse is the incidental presence of treated wastewater in a water supply source. In 1980 the EPA identified drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) impacted by upstream wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharges and found the top 25 most impacted DWTPs contained between 2% and 16% wastewater discharges from upstream locations (i.e., de facto reuse) under average streamflow conditions. This study is the first to provide an update to the 1980 EPA analysis. An ArcGIS model of DWTPs and WWTPs across the U.S. was created to quantify de facto reuse for the top 25 cities in the 1980 EPA study. From 1980 to 2008, de facto reuse increased for 17 of the 25 DWTPs, as municipal flows upstream of the sites increased by 68%. Under low streamflow conditions, de facto reuse in DWTP supplies ranged from 7% to 100%, illustrating the importance of wastewater in sustainable water supplies. Case studies were performed on four cities to analyze the reasons for changes in de facto reuse over time. Three of the four sites have greater than 20% treated wastewater effluent within their drinking water source for streamflow less than the 25th percentile historic flow. PMID:23957863

Rice, Jacelyn; Wutich, Amber; Westerhoff, Paul

2013-09-18

32

The use of de jure to maintain a de facto status quo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vignette we use as the introduction works to define and distinguish the concepts of de jure and de facto pedagogical actions, especially as related to Latin@ education and its relationship with STEM fields. The authors assert that de jure educational policies, which are often legal guidelines that mandate minimum levels of compliance, unfortunately become translated to mean the normative way to implement educational practice. Hence, going above and beyond the call of duty to educate Latin@ children and youth through culturally meaningful STEM practices while respecting, affirming, and utilizing decolonizing ways of viewing science and math is not viewed as standard. Thus, it is imperative that STEM educators who work with Latin@ learners demand that de jure education guidelines translated as de facto pedagogical actions are not enough. On the contrary, de jure and de facto ways of teaching and learning should always consist of a counterhegemonic normative.

Gallard Martínez, Alejandro José; Antrop-González, René

2013-08-01

33

Problems in Constructing a New Ex-Post Interbranch Balance of the USSR National Economy (For 1966)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enormous, ever-increasing scale of socialist construction in the USSR and the expansion and increasing complexity of interbranch and interregional relationships urgently require all possible improvement and perfecting of methods of economic analysis and national economic planning. The elaboration and introduction of new progressive methods of analysis and planning, entailing the use of economic-mathematical methods of research and the latest

M. Eidelman

1968-01-01

34

"De facto" Privatisation of Education and the Poor: Implications of a Study from Sub-Saharan Africa and India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three types of privatisation are identified--involving demand-side financing, reforms to the educational supply-side and "de facto" privatisation, where responsibilities are transferred to the private sector, through the rapid growth of private schools, rather than through reform or legislation. Although "de facto" privatisation may arise because…

Tooley, James; Dixon, Pauline

2006-01-01

35

South Africa's Education Legislation, Quasi-Markets and "De Facto" School Choice. Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School choice is often identified with right-leaning, voucher-happy, market-oriented public school systems like those found in the United States. Thus the proposition that a social democratic state such as South Africa will offer many primary and secondary school learners far greater choice strikes many as counter-intuitive and implausible. The…

Woolman, Stuart; Fleisch, Brahm

2006-01-01

36

Legally White, Socially "Mexican": The Politics of De Jure and De Facto School Segregation in the American Southwest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history of Mexican American school segregation is complex, often misunderstood, and currently unresolved. The literature suggests that Mexican Americans experienced de facto segregation because it was local custom and never sanctioned at the state level in the American Southwest. However, the same literature suggests that Mexican Americans…

Donato, Ruben; Hanson, Jarrod S.

2012-01-01

37

Spatial heterogeneity in fishing creates de facto refugia for endangered Celtic Sea elasmobranchs.  

PubMed

The life history characteristics of some elasmobranchs make them particularly vulnerable to fishing mortality; about a third of all species are listed by the IUCN as Threatened or Near Threatened. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been suggested as a tool for conservation of elasmobranchs, but they are likely to be effective only if such populations respond to fishing impacts at spatial-scales corresponding to MPA size. Using the example of the Celtic Sea, we modelled elasmobranch biomass (kg h(-1)) in fisheries-independent survey hauls as a function of environmental variables and 'local' (within 20 km radius) fishing effort (h y(-1)) recorded from Vessel Monitoring Systems data. Model selection using AIC suggested strongest support for linear mixed effects models in which the variables (i) fishing effort, (ii) geographic location and (iii) demersal fish assemblage had approximately equal importance in explaining elasmobranch biomass. In the eastern Celtic Sea, sampling sites that occurred in the lowest 10% of the observed fishing effort range recorded 10 species of elasmobranch including the critically endangered Dipturus spp. The most intensely fished 10% of sites had only three elasmobranch species, with two IUCN listed as Least Concern. Our results suggest that stable spatial heterogeneity in fishing effort creates de facto refugia for elasmobranchs in the Celtic Sea. However, changes in the present fisheries management regime could impair the refuge effect by changing fisher's behaviour and displacing effort into these areas. PMID:23166635

Shephard, Samuel; Gerritsen, Hans; Kaiser, Michel J; Reid, David G

2012-11-14

38

Spatial Heterogeneity in Fishing Creates de facto Refugia for Endangered Celtic Sea Elasmobranchs  

PubMed Central

The life history characteristics of some elasmobranchs make them particularly vulnerable to fishing mortality; about a third of all species are listed by the IUCN as Threatened or Near Threatened. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been suggested as a tool for conservation of elasmobranchs, but they are likely to be effective only if such populations respond to fishing impacts at spatial-scales corresponding to MPA size. Using the example of the Celtic Sea, we modelled elasmobranch biomass (kg h?1) in fisheries-independent survey hauls as a function of environmental variables and ‘local’ (within 20 km radius) fishing effort (h y?1) recorded from Vessel Monitoring Systems data. Model selection using AIC suggested strongest support for linear mixed effects models in which the variables (i) fishing effort, (ii) geographic location and (iii) demersal fish assemblage had approximately equal importance in explaining elasmobranch biomass. In the eastern Celtic Sea, sampling sites that occurred in the lowest 10% of the observed fishing effort range recorded 10 species of elasmobranch including the critically endangered Dipturus spp. The most intensely fished 10% of sites had only three elasmobranch species, with two IUCN listed as Least Concern. Our results suggest that stable spatial heterogeneity in fishing effort creates de facto refugia for elasmobranchs in the Celtic Sea. However, changes in the present fisheries management regime could impair the refuge effect by changing fisher's behaviour and displacing effort into these areas.

Shephard, Samuel; Gerritsen, Hans; Kaiser, Michel J.; Reid, David G.

2012-01-01

39

Principled Electronic Consent Management: A Preliminary Research Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consent is a multifaceted concept that has not received much attention in information systems literature. In this paper we categorise current electronic consent decision making systems into first generation, ex-post and principled Electronic Consent Management. We argue for the adoption of principled ECM as a way forward to consent management in information systems, and outline a research framework for ECM,

Christian J. Bonnici; Lizzie Coles-Kemp

2010-01-01

40

School Factors That Promote Academic Resilience in Urban Latino High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative study was to examine the relationship between the academic optimism of schools and academic resilience in urban Latino high school students attending those schools. This study sought to address three research ideas. First, it was hypothesized that, consistent with previous research, student achievement is related to the level of academic optimism of

Christine Michelle Fallon

2010-01-01

41

Tutoring: A Support Strategy for At-Risk Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal research study was conducted at a public university in Pennsylvania on a sample of 129 at-risk students from a state-funded program (Act 101) designed to provide support services for economically and educationally disadvantaged students. This research employed a non-experimental, ex post facto methodology to assess the impact of…

Rheinheimer, David C.; Grace-Odeleye, Beverlyn; Francois, Germain E.; Kusorgbor, Cynthia

2010-01-01

42

Relative Contributions of Selected Teachers' Variables and Students' Attitudes toward Academic Achievement in Biology among Senior Secondary School Students in Ondo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relative contributions of selected teachers' variables and students' attitude towards academic achievement in biology among senior secondary schools in Ondo State, Nigeria. It involved descriptive survey research and ex-post facto research designs. The sample, 360 respondents which consists of 180 biology teachers and…

Gbore, L. O.; Daramola, C. A.

2013-01-01

43

Efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting Services for the Dissemination of Agricultural Information Resources in the Institure for Agricultural Research Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of Indexing and Abstracting service for effective organization, storage and retrieval of information resources for agricultural research in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria necessitated examining the situation in Agricultural Library, Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru. The study examines the processes, awareness and problems militating against the effective exploitation of the indexing and abstracting services in the Agricultural library established in 1975. The study was conducted ex post facto, data collected span from 2006 ñ 2010. Total sample sizes of 752 patrons and 20,236 intellectually indexed and abstracted resources were involved in the study. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that a total of 644 articles were indexed and abstracted, 35% of these was done in 2010. Results for awareness show 452 (60.11%) to be aware in 2008. A total 584 articles were indexed and abstracted from which 167 (28.59%) was retrieved in 2006. Patrons, 270 (35.90%) attributed the poor use of the service to assumption it is a referral unit. The hypothesis testing revealed that there is significant association between articles indexed and abstracted with information consulted by patrons (?2cal,100.31>?2tab,9.488) at 5% level of probability and df, 4. In conclusion, enormous documents on Nigerian agriculture are indexed and abstracted in the unit, implying that the service is desirous and consistent. The study recommends that the unit should explore the use of modern technology, employ a permanent subject specialist, train and retrain the unit staff as well as intensify it general orientation campaigns to focus on awareness and use of the indexing and abstracting services.

Gabriel, KASA, M.

2012-10-01

44

The politics of childbirth in the context of conflict: policies or de facto practices?  

PubMed

The impact of warlike conditions on the lives of Palestinian women and children is far reaching. Beginning in September 2000, curfews, closures, siege and the parceling up of the country into small isolated entities have all led to a lack of access to basic maternity services, rendering pregnant women and their newborns a highly vulnerable group. Because any discussion of childbirth in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) cannot be separated from the larger historical context of international health politics, we begin with a brief review of international historical trends in childbirth policies, focusing on the relationship between discourse in the developed and developing world contexts to show how these models have intersected and diverged. We point to the similarities between the OPT and other developing countries, but also highlight the specificities that characterize the Palestinian experience today that include local political systems, medical dominance, professional group interests and the politics of gender, as well as the legacy of colonialism intertwined with an ongoing national conflict. We then provide a review of the history of childbirth in the OPT and analyze the various forces that led to the emergence of today's chaotic and contradictory de facto policies and practices. By assessing the health policy environment, we demonstrate the seeming impossibility of developing national level childbirth policies, given the current political conditions and a mix of other determinants that are not all within Palestinian control. Finally, we emphasize the importance of establishing a process as opposed to a blueprint of health policy-making based on people's immediate and long-term needs in all areas of the country. We also propose interim measures that rest on the notion of developing decentralized sub-strategies relevant to different zones of political reality and stages of system and human resource development, aiming at combining survival imperatives with those of improving women's birth experiences and women's health. PMID:15802148

Giacaman, Rita; Wick, Laura; Abdul-Rahim, Hanan; Wick, Livia

2005-05-01

45

ReFacto? and Advate? 2 : a single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain- deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-de- tergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been

M. P. SMITH; R. KLAMROTH; P. M. MANNUCCI; C. KOLLMER; J. FEINGOLD; C. KESSLER; H. POLLMANN; M. MORFINI; C. UDATA; C. ROTHSCHILD; C. HERMANS; R. JANCO

2007-01-01

46

Who is patenting in public research? And to what detriment? An empirical analysis of the relationship between scientific careers and patent applications. Preliminary Draft prepared for presentation at International Workshop on Public Research Institutions, International Business, and Technological and Economic Catch Up in Developing Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we try to provide empirical support to one specific research question, namely whether a researcher's publication performances are influenced, ex-post, by having engaged in applied research. In the last decades, both society and policy makers have been increasingly concerned with the social benefits of science and with the role of scientific research in fostering economic progress. Legitimisation

Mario Calderini; Chiara Franzoni

47

Gender Issue in the Performance of Students Admitted through UME and Pre-Degree into the Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the gender issue in the performance of students admitted through Universities Matriculation Examination (UME) and pre-degree into the Nigerian Universities. Ex-post facto design of descriptive research was adopted for the study. A proforma was used to collect data from a sample of two hundred and fifty students from the…

Omirin, M. S.

2007-01-01

48

The Effects of Block Scheduling on High School Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of block scheduling on high school student achievement in mathematics and reading was investigated in this study through the use of an ex post-facto, longitudinal research design. Specifically, student scores from 9th and 11th-grade standardized tests were matched and sorted by junior high and high school attended. Outcome measures…

Lewis, Chance W.; Dugan, James J.; Winokur, Marc A.; Cobb, Brian R.

2005-01-01

49

The effects of a General Instructional Strategies course on the utilization of effective instructional strategies by teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study was to explain the extent to which theoretically effective teaching strategies taught in a course on generic instructional strategies are being implemented by teachers in their actual teaching practice. ^ A multivariate causal-comparative (ex-post-facto) design was used to answer the research question. A teacher observation protocol, the General Instructional Strategies Analysis (GISA) was constructed and

Lawrence R Orihuela

2007-01-01

50

The Influence of Local Politics on Educational Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto, causal-comparative research study examined student reading performance data within a school district before and after a school district-wide decision to alter the reading curriculum in response to local political pressure from parents. Data analysis revealed that test scores dropped to a significantly lower level, especially…

Bigham, Gary; Ray, Jan

2012-01-01

51

A Descriptive Study Comparing GPA, Retention and Graduation of First-Time, Full-Time, Provisionally Admitted First-Generation College Students and Their Peers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study used ex post facto data to analyze possible relationships between a discrete set of independent variables and academic achievement among provisionally admitted students at a public, four-year historically black university located in the mid-Atlantic United States. The independent variables were first-generation…

Lodhavia, Rajalakshmi

2009-01-01

52

The effect of learning style on academic student success  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem addressed in this study was that little was known about the impact on student academic achievement, when grouped by learning style, in a multiple intelligence based science curriculum. The larger problem was that many students were frequently unengaged and, consequently, low achieving in their science courses. This quantitative study used an ex post facto research design to better

Omega N. Stackhouse

2009-01-01

53

Reduced Admissions for Acute Myocardial Infarction Associated with a Public Smoking Ban: Matched Controlled Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been no research linking implementation of a public smoking ban and reduced incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among nonsmoking patients. An ex post facto matched control group study was conducted to determine whether there was a change in hospital admissions for AMI among nonsmoking patients after a public smoking ban was…

Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.

2007-01-01

54

Farmer Field School as an Effective Methodology for Disseminating Agricultural Technologies: UpScaling of Soil Management Technologies among Small-Scale Farmers in Trans-Nzoia District, Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the Farmer Field School (FFS) approach in knowledge acquisition, adoption and dissemination of soil management technologies (SMTs) among small-scale farmers in Kenya. Eight technologies were scaled- out using the FFS approach and conventional extension methods. A survey methodology with the ex-post facto research design was employed with a sample frame consisted

David K. Bunyatta; Joseph G. Mureithi; Christopher A. Onyango

55

College Student Adjustment and Health Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the relationship between student adjustment theory and college student health behaviors. Specifically, this research examined first-year freshmen college student physical activity and nutrition behaviors and impact on adjustment to college (N = 37,564). The design for this study was a non-experimental "ex post facto"…

Hall, Lisa Anne

2010-01-01

56

Reduced Admissions for Acute Myocardial Infarction Associated with a Public Smoking Ban: Matched Controlled Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been no research linking implementation of a public smoking ban and reduced incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among nonsmoking patients. An ex post facto matched control group study was conducted to determine whether there was a change in hospital admissions for AMI among nonsmoking patients after a public smoking ban was…

Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.

2007-01-01

57

Factors of Role Conflict among Livestock Extension Professionals in Andhra Pradesh, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To know the factors of role conflict among livestock extension professionals in Andhra Pradesh, India. Study was conducted following ex-post facto research design. Data were collected from 180 respondents through survey questionnaires. The data were subjected to multiple regression and path analyses to know the factors of role conflict.…

Sasidhar, P. V. K.; Rao, B. Sudhakar; Sreeramulu, Piedy

2008-01-01

58

College Student Adjustment and Health Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between student adjustment theory and college student health behaviors. Specifically, this research examined first-year freshmen college student physical activity and nutrition behaviors and impact on adjustment to college (N = 37,564). The design for this study was a non-experimental "ex post facto"…

Hall, Lisa Anne

2010-01-01

59

Agricultural Information Sources Used by Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the sources of agricultural information available to farmers in Imo State, Nigeria as well as the farmers' preferred sources. The ex-post facto research design was used for the study. A stratified proportionate sampling technique was used to select a sample of 1386 farmers across the existing 34 farm blocks and 63 farm cells in the Agricultural Development

Umunna Nnaemeka Opara

2008-01-01

60

The effects of Title I funds in improving reading and math achievement in selected Tennessee middle schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an ex post facto causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of Title I funds in improving achievement of students in selected middle schools in the state of Tennessee. Title I schools were compared to schools with a population of low socioeconomic students greater than 40% therefore were eligible for Title I funds but chose not to accept

Melissa C Palk

2011-01-01

61

Automated Writing Evaluation Program's Effect on Student Writing Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an ex post facto causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of Automated Writing Evaluation (AWE) programs on raising the student writing achievement. Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) writing achievement scores from the 2010 administration were utilized for this study. The independent variable…

Holman, Lester Donnie

2011-01-01

62

Impact of parent-child relationship on the career development process of high school students in Ibadan, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationships of parental attachment and psychological separation to the career development process of secondary school adolescents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An ex post facto survey research design was adopted. The sample comprised 242 (males=121, females=121) senior secondary school II students randomly selected. Parental attachment, psychological separation, and career development scales were

Samuel O. Salami; A. Oyesoji Aremu

2007-01-01

63

ReFacto and Advate: a single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A.  

PubMed

ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain-deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-detergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been previously examined in this manner. The primary objective of this study was to compare the PKs of ReFacto with those of Advate in patients with severe haemophilia A. This was a third-party unblinded, randomized, multicentre, two-period crossover PKs study of ReFacto and Advate in subjects with severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C < or =1%). Blood samples were collected over a 48-h period after i.v. administration of each of the FVIII products. FVIII:C was determined using the chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) in a central laboratory. The plasma FVIII:C PK parameters of ReFacto and Advate were determined using non-compartmental analysis. Bioequivalence was assessed on maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and the area under the plasma concentration vs. time curves (AUCs) using an anova. The two products were judged to be equivalent if the 90% confidence limits of the ratio of the geometric mean values of C(max) and AUCs fell within the interval of 80-125%. Results from this PKs comparison of two different rFVIII products, using chromogenic substrate assay to measure FVIII:C, showed that ReFacto and Advate are bioequivalent to each other. PMID:17286764

Di Paola, J; Smith, M P; Klamroth, R; Mannucci, P M; Kollmer, C; Feingold, J; Kessler, C; Pollmann, H; Morfini, M; Udata, C; Rothschild, C; Hermans, C; Janco, R

2007-03-01

64

School-Based Mental Health: A De Facto Mental Health System for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the nation's schools seek to fulfill the academic imperatives of the federal No Child Left Behind Act and associated state imperatives, they may be forgetting an important missing element in boosting academic achievement: directly confronting the mental health and psychosocial needs that impede a significant percentage of children and adolescents. This article explores the available research on mental health

Steve Jacob; Alberto Coustasse

2008-01-01

65

Lessons from Islamic Polygamy: A Case for Expanding the American Concept of Surviving Spouse So As to Include De Facto Polygamous Spouses  

Microsoft Academic Search

While polygamy is illegal in the United States, forms of it are still practiced either overtly, pursuant to religious traditions, or covertly, by the maintenance of two or more family units. As a result, any claims, disputes, or abuses that arise in the context of de facto polygamous unions remain irremediable. My focus, in this Article, is not to advocate

Michele Alexandre

2007-01-01

66

The Hay and the Carrot: A Model of Corporate Sponsoring of Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a moral hazard model with relationship-speci?c investment (?hay?) and limited liability (no ?stick?), we compare two institutional regimes: one without, and one with, ex-post incentives (?carrot?). We examine the welfare implications of introducing ?carrots?. We use this model to analyze corporate sponsoring of academic research. Under restrictive technological assumptions, the introduction of carrots meets certain ciency criteria and cannot

Ralph Bayer; Eran Binenbaum

2005-01-01

67

Effects of parenting styles, academic self-efficacy, and achievement motivation on the academic achievement of university students in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prime purpose of this study was to propose and test an integrated parental and social-cognitive model of academic achievement and examine the effects of parenting styles, academic self-efficacy, and achievement motivation on academic achievement by employing an ex-post facto prospective research design. The data on demographic characteristics, parenting styles, academic self-efficacy and achievement motivation were collected through self-report questionnaires

Abesha A. Gota

2012-01-01

68

Knowledge-Based Approach in Research Projects and Programs Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a result based approach for evaluating research projects and programs is proposed. A results-based approach assures a consistent indicators structure, according to the results chains and a strong connection between ex-ante and ex-post impact evaluation. This approach assures the integration of the research project performance indicators, especially with the research organization policies and strategy. The paper presents the evaluation process of the research projects of the Academy of Economic Studies, based on performance indicators aligned with the results chains and using data mining techniques.

Bodea, Constanta-Nicoleta; Ciobotar, Narcisa; Bodea, Vasile

69

Lost in Translation: Honest Misunderstandings and Ex Post Disputes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We give a formal treatment of optimal risk sharing contracts in the face of ambiguity. The central idea is that boundedly rational individuals do not have access to a language sufficiently rich to describe all possible states of nature. The ambiguity in a contract arises from contractual clauses that are interpreted by the parties in different ways. The cost of

Simon Grant; Jeff Kline; John Quiggin

2006-01-01

70

Ex post efficiency of bankruptcy procedures: A general normative framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the case of a distressed firm whose financial commitments have to be renegotiated with stakeholders (banks, trade creditors …). At default time, rival projects (continuation, piecemeal liquidation, liquidation as a going concern …) may be undertaken. In such a case, the most frequent way of making collective choices is to vote. Our attention focuses on

Régis Blazy; Bertrand Chopard

2004-01-01

71

De Facto, De Rigueur, and Even Useful: Standards for the Published Literature and Their Relationship to Medical Informatics  

PubMed Central

Over the past century, the library profession has collaborated with other interested groups to develop a variety of standards for the production, distribution, organization, and description of the published literature. Early successes in standardizing the content and format of bibliographic records gave the library community a firm basis for the creation of information standards for use in automated systems. The current array of relatively mature standards related to the published literature holds more than academic interest for those engaged in medical informatics research and development. In addition to their obvious utility for many applications involving access to the biomedical literature, some of the standards are also applicable to other types of biomedical information. Because bibliographic data share some of the complex characteristics of clinical data, a look at the types of standards that have emerged for the published literature can be helpful in identifying the range of standards to be considered for the clinical environment. An examination of the reasons for success in the development of bibliographic standards may also provide a useful perspective on efforts to develop information standards in other areas of concern to the medical informatics community.

Humphreys, Betsy L.

1990-01-01

72

78 FR 40430 - De Facto  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...22585 (May 2, 1994) (``Silicon Carbide'').\\5\\ However, if the...8\\ See Silicon Carbide; see also Notice of Final Determination...exporter and/or producer. In Silicon Carbide, we determined that,...

2013-07-05

73

28 CFR 5.2 - Inquiries concerning application of the Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...registration and disclosure under any provision of the Act. (b) Anonymous, hypothetical, non-party and ex post facto review requests...hypothetical, transaction and involve disclosed, as opposed to anonymous, agents and principals. Review requests must be...

2009-07-01

74

Are DeFacto Standards a Useful Guide for Designing Human-Computer Interaction Processes? The Case of User Interface Design for Web Based B2C Product Configurators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to assess the usefulness of de-facto design standards as a guide for designing human-computer interactions, this case study attempts to identify if and which kind of design standards exist for Web-based product configurators - systems that allow consumers to design their own products, and are characterized by a particularly high level of interactivity. Using the world's largest configurator

Clarissa Streichsbier; Paul Blazek; Fabian Faltin; Wolfgang Frühwirt

2009-01-01

75

The Rise and Fall of School Integration in Israel: Research and Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School integration (desegregation) was introduced in Israeli junior high schools in 1968 with the aim of increasing educational equality and decreasing (Jewish) ethnic divides. While never officially abandoned, a "de facto" retreat from this policy has been observed since the early 1990s, despite the voluminous research that revealed its…

Resh, Nura; Dar, Yechezkel

2012-01-01

76

Researching \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article delineates how race has been undertheorized in research on the educational experiences and outcomes of Blacks. The authors identify two dominant traditions by which researchers have invoked race (i.e., as culture and as a variable) and outline their conceptual limitations. They analyze how these traditions mask the heterogene- ity of the Black experience, underanalyze institutionalized produc- tions of

Carla O'Connor; Amanda Lewis; Jennifer Mueller

77

Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

Raudenbush, Stephen

78

Research  

SciTech Connect

Subjects covered in this section are: (1) PCAST panel promotes energy research cooperation; (2) Letter issued by ANS urges funding balance in FFTF restart consideration and (3) FESAC panel releases report on priorities and balance.

NONE

1999-10-01

79

Clinical research with economically disadvantaged populations  

PubMed Central

Concerns about exploiting the poor or economically disadvantaged in clinical research are widespread in the bioethics community. For some, any research that involves economically disadvantaged individuals is de facto ethically problematic. The economically disadvantaged are thought of as “venerable” to exploitation, impaired decision making, or both, thus requiring either special protections or complete exclusion from research. A closer examination of the worries about vulnerabilities among the economically disadvantaged reveals that some of these worries are empirically or logically untenable, while others can be better resolved by improved study designs than by blanket exclusion of poorer individuals from research participation. The scientific objective to generate generalisable results and the ethical objective to fairly distribute both the risks and benefits of research oblige researchers not to unnecessarily bar economically disadvantaged subjects from clinical research participation.

Denny, Colleen C; Grady, Christine

2007-01-01

80

The De Facto State of General Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a 1989 study of 22,931 course offerings at 29 comprehensive community colleges in Michigan, undertaken to assess status of general education. Reports low availability and breadth of general education courses, contrary to the perceptions of campus administrators surveyed. Suggests steps to evaluate and enhance general education…

Raisman, Neal A.

1993-01-01

81

Label - Antihemphilic Factor (Recombinant), ReFacto ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Vesiculobullous rash has been coded as rash. Actual description is “single pimple at injection site”. ... KEY CODE Genetics Institute, Inc. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

82

Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), ReFacto  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Untitled Letters Regarding Advertising & Promotional Labeling for ... This brochure is false or misleading under S ... a) of the Federal Food, Drug, and ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/complianceactivities

83

Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant) (ReFacto)  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... The effect of regular routine prophylaxis on ... discussed above, the PK Consumer Brochure and ... of Case Management, Advertising and Promotional ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/complianceactivities

84

After the Fall: An Ex Post Characterization of Housing Price Declines Across Metropolitan Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing prices have plummeted across the United States. This paper examines differences in the magnitude of housing price decreases across metropolitan areas. A relatively small number of housing market variables observable before the fall are capable of explaining over 70% of the considerable variation in price declines. An additional nonparametric analysis suggests that exceeding particular thresholds for some of the

Richard T. Carson; Samuel R. Dastrup

2009-01-01

85

Ex ante and ex post valuations of a cultural good. Are preferences or expectations changing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years valuations of cultural goods and services have been undertaken using the contingent valuation method, because of its flexibility and the advantages it affords over other methods of valuing non-market goods. Yet, in contingent valuation literature few studies have addressed the reliability of the outcomes. This is the goal of the current paper, which presents the results of

Ana María Bedate; Luis César Herrero; José Ángel Sanz

2012-01-01

86

Ex-Post competitiveness of China's export in agri-food products: 1980-96  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article applied the constant market share (CMS) model to investigate the performance of China's export in agri-food products from 1980-96. The CMS results revealed a downward trend of China's competitiveness in agri-food exports over the period under the study. Some evidence was found that trade policy reforms might have strengthened the tendency of decreasing competitiveness in China's export in

Kevin Chen; Lian Xu; Yufeng Duan

2000-01-01

87

Infrastructure Development for Agro-Processing Cooperatives in Maharashtra: An Ex-Post Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although India is blessed with diverse agro-climatic conditions and so has the ability to produce a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, flowers and a host of other agro-based products, a substantial quantity of horticultural produce of our country is lost due to poor post harvest processing, handling, transportation and storage operations. In order to curb these losses, some of the

Deepak Shah

2007-01-01

88

Improving communication among stakeholders through ex-post transactional analysis — case study on Romanian forestry  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most visible components of the Forestry Development Project, carried out between 2003 and 2009 by the World Bank and Romanian Government was “PR support, Awareness Campaign and Development of PR products”, meant to improve the communication between all stakeholders involved in sustainable forest management. The awareness campaign mainly consisted of nine meetings with the forest owners and

Marian Dragoi; Bogdan Popa; Viorel Blujdea

2011-01-01

89

Predicting adult criminal behavior from juvenile delinquency: Exante vs. ex-post benefits of early intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent analyses of the long-term societal benefits from early intervention (prenatal care, home visitation, and high quality preschool) for at-risk children commonly include significant savings to society in the form of reduced juvenile delinquency and adult criminal behavior. However, a nontrivial proportion of the reported benefits of several early intervention programs are based on forecasts of criminal behavior throughout adulthood

Barry A. B. White; Judy A. Temple; Arthur J. Reynolds

2010-01-01

90

International Conflict and the Tenure of Leaders: Is War Still Ex Post Inefficient?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in comparative politics and international relations has shown a marked shift toward leaders as the theoretical unit of analysis. In most of the new theoretical models a core assumption is that leaders act to stay in power. There exists, however, remarkably little systematic empirical knowledge about the factors that affect the tenure of leaders. To provide a baseline

Giacomo Chiozza; H. E. Goemans

2004-01-01

91

Ex-post assessment of merger effects: the case of Pfizer and Pharmacia (2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies the effects of the Pfizer and Pharmacia (2003) merger on competition in the Swiss pharmaceutical market and compares the assessment of the Swiss Competition Commission (COMCO) with the post-merger market developments. We find that the merger has had a miniscule impact on the Swiss pharmaceutical market. This has primarily to do with the fact that the product

Nina Leheyda; Patrick Beschorner; Kai Hüschelrath

2011-01-01

92

Ex Ante and Ex Post Inefficiency in Search and Matching Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present a directed search model of the labor market in which workers can send multiple applications and firms can make multiple job offers. The model incorporates many existing models as special cases, including the standard directed search model with one application and one job offer and the stable matching outcome. I characterize the equilibrium and argue that the number

Ronald Wolthoff

2009-01-01

93

Financial constraints and product market competition: ex ante vs. ex post incentives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the interaction of financing and output market decisions in a duopoly in which one firm is financially constrained and can borrow funds to finance production costs. Two ideas have been separately analyzed in previous work: Some authors argue that debt strategically affects a firm's output market decisions, typically making it more aggressive; others argue that the threat

Paul Povel; Michael Raith

2004-01-01

94

On Evaluating a WiMAX Access Network for Isolated Research and Data Networks Using NS2  

Microsoft Academic Search

IEEE 802.16 is yet a very recent technology and released hardware does frequently only support standards partially. The same\\u000a applies to public available simulation tools, in particular for NS-2. As the latter is the de-facto standard in science and\\u000a as we use it for our research in the context of the WEIRD project, we evaluate the of IEEE 802.16 support

Thomas Michael Bohnert; Jakub Jakubiak; Marcos Katz; Yevgeni Koucheryavy; Edmundo Monteiro; Eugen Borcoci

2007-01-01

95

Digital Literacy Development of Students Involved in an ICT Educational Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impact of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has become the core of a change that involves most of the society fields, consequently the technological and informational literacy are essential requirements in education. The research is a quasi-experimental and ex-post-facto study in schools from Spain. The aim was to describe and analyze the involvement showed by 219 students who participated in a development of ICT's Project named Ponte dos Brozos. The research objective was to respond if the students who usually worked with ICT, had better knowledge and management with computing tools, and if they are better prepared in researching and selecting information. Results showed that students who have a higher contact with ICTs know about the technology and how to use it, also better knowledge and control of the computer and operative systems, a high information management level trough the Internet, although their literacy in information is devoid.

Quintana, Maria Graciela Badilla; Pujol, Meritxell Cortada

96

Evaluation of Achieving a College Education Plus: A Credit-Based Transition Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ex post facto study evaluated Achieving a College Education (ACE) Plus program, a credit-based transition program between a high school district and a community college. Achieving a College Education Plus is an early outreach program. It is designed to aid at-risk students in graduating from high school and making a smooth transition to…

Luna, Gaye; Fowler, Michael

2011-01-01

97

Factors That Affect the Academic Success of Foreign Students at Cardinal Stritch University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are limited studies in the literature on the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students in the United States. This ex post facto mixed method study investigated the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students at Cardinal Stitch University (CSU), a medium size, private university located in the Midwestern…

Annor, Peter

2010-01-01

98

Lifelong Adaptability: A Cultural Literacy Perspective (Revised Edition)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This revised 1997 ex post facto study attempted to identify a lifelong adaptability curriculum from a cultural literacy perspective. It investigated students' lifelong adaptability ratings of 15 general school subjects as predicted by family structure, parental age, parental educational level, student cultural literacy, and student gender;…

Moyer, John Thayer

2011-01-01

99

Parental Perceptions of Home Internet Use among Rural African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the growth of home Internet use over the past decade, disparities still exist among certain socioeconomic groups of the population. Rural, lower socioeconomic and African Americans fall further behind in technology access than any other group. The purpose of this ex post facto qualitative study was to investigate parental perceptions…

Smith, Jeananne Oldham

2008-01-01

100

The Relationship between Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Perceived Career Barriers in the Career Decision Making of Selected Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the differences between career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and perceived career barriers of students enrolled in the applied technology program compared to those enrolled in a college transfer program at a southeastern urban community college. Participants in the ex-post facto cross-sectional survey included 787…

Kelly, Rosemary Ritter

2010-01-01

101

Cleanup Liability and the Constitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was observed in the July 1992 issue of this Journal that a plain reading of the Constitution's prohibition on [open quotes][ital ex post facto][close quotes] suggests that some environmental statutes such as the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) conflict with Constitutional principles.

David M. Friedland; Paul E. Hagen

1992-01-01

102

An Assessment of KnowledgeWorks(RTM) OHSTI on Urban High School Success Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|S. Zellman (personal communication, September 16, 2003), Ohio's superintendent of public instruction, stated, "Students in Ohio's urban high schools demonstrate serious shortcomings in their academic performance." Hence, this ex post facto study, which used pre-existing data, sought to investigate if a statistical difference between the Ohio High…

Yenrick, Robert Wesley

2009-01-01

103

Factors That Affect the Academic Success of Foreign Students at Cardinal Stritch University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are limited studies in the literature on the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students in the United States. This ex post facto mixed method study investigated the factors that affect the academic success of foreign students at Cardinal Stitch University (CSU), a medium size, private university located in the Midwestern…

Annor, Peter

2010-01-01

104

Adolescent cigarette smoking and health risk behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 30 years, tobacco use among adolescents has substantially increased, resulting in major health problems associated with tobacco consumption. The purpose of this study was to identify adolescent smoking behaviors and to determine the relationship among smoking, specific demographic variables, and health risk behaviors. The sample consisted of 93 self-selecting adolescents. An ex post facto design was used

Nancy H. Busen; Vickie Modeland; Kamiar Kouzekanani

2001-01-01

105

An Assessment of KnowledgeWorks(RTM) OHSTI on Urban High School Success Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

S. Zellman (personal communication, September 16, 2003), Ohio's superintendent of public instruction, stated, "Students in Ohio's urban high schools demonstrate serious shortcomings in their academic performance." Hence, this ex post facto study, which used pre-existing data, sought to investigate if a statistical difference between the Ohio High…

Yenrick, Robert Wesley

2009-01-01

106

The Freshman Year Experience: Student Retention and Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto controlled investigation was conducted from 1993 to 1996 at a medium sized, regional, predominantly White, public, four-year university in the Midwest to determine the relationship between participation in the institution's freshman year experience course and student retention and success. Students who participated in the course…

Sidle, Meg Wright; McReynolds, Janet

2009-01-01

107

Achievement Loss Associated With the Transition to Middle School and High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the nature of the achievement loss associated with school-to-school transitions from elementary school to middle school and to high school, the author compared 3 groups of 16 school districts in this ex post facto study. A statistically significant achievement loss associated with the transition from elementary school to middle school at 6th grade was found, as compared with

John W. Alspaugh

1998-01-01

108

Success and Persistence of Developmental Mathematics Students Based on Age and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ex post facto study examined the fall-to-fall persistence and academic success of students in a medium-sized Virginia community college. The variables of age and ethnicity in combination with whether a student's first mathematics course was developmental were used to examine the effects of each. It was found that neither the interaction of…

Wolfle, James D.

2012-01-01

109

Social status, gender, classroom climate and bullying among adolescents pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

This ex post facto study examines how the structure of the social relations (in sociometric and affective terms) and the social-affective class- room characteristics environment are related to bullying in 421 adoles- cents, aged 14 to 17, from 17 group classes of Spanish Secondary school (241 males and 180 females). Level of incidence (17.6%) was similar for bullies and victims.

Fuensanta Cerezo; Manuel Ato

2010-01-01

110

Relation between habitual sleep duration and depressed mood state: Somatic versus cognitive symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present ex post facto prospective investigation analyses the association between habitual sleep duration and depressed mood state in college students. The sample was composed of 141 healthy students of both sexes, 19 with short sleep pattern (sleeping 6 hours or less per night), 64 with intermediate sleep pattern (sleeping 7-8 hours per night) and 58 with long sleep pattern

Gualberto Buela-Casal; Elena Miró; María Ángeles; Andrés Catena

2007-01-01

111

Motivational and Volitional Variables Associated with Stages of Change for Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Multiple Discriminant Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this study was to determine whether motivational and volitional variables identified in the health action process approach (HAPA) model can be used to successfully differentiate people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in different stages of change for exercise and physical activity. Ex-post-facto design using multiple…

Chiu, Chung-Yi; Fitzgerald, Sandra D.; Strand, David M.; Muller, Veronica; Brooks, Jessica; Chan, Fong

2012-01-01

112

Relationship of Academic Variables to National Council for Licensure Examination for Registered Nurse Performance of Graduates in a Selected Associate Degree Nursing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report addresses the unstable and unsatisfactory performance of Chicago, Illinois' Olive-Harvey College's (OHC) associate degree nursing (ADN) graduates on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). An ex post facto correlation study was designed to determine the worthiness of pre-nursing admission course…

Naron, Rosarica G.; Widlak, Frederic

113

The Relationship between Post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) Failure Remediation and NCLEX-RN Success of Graduates of Baccalaureate Nursing Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An ex post facto study was conducted to determine whether any relationship exists between remediation post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) failure and NCLEX-RN success of graduates of baccalaureate nursing programs. Data was gathered from responses to the seventh annual validity study (V7S) offered to deans and directors of nursing programs by…

Allen, Patricia Gale

2009-01-01

114

Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies inData Envelopment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In management contexts, mathematical programming is usually used to evaluate a collection of possible alternative courses of action en route to selecting one which is best. In this capacity, mathematical programming serves as a planning aid to management. Data Envelopment Analysis reverses this role and employs mathematical programming to obtain ex post facto evaluations of the relative efficiency of management

R. D. Banker; A. Charnes; W. W. Cooper

1984-01-01

115

Personal Traits and Experiential Characteristics of Developmental Mathematics Faculty: Impact on Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ex post facto study of the relationship of selected personal traits and experiential characteristics of developmental mathematics faculty with student success rates was conducted at a rural, North Carolina community college. The data gathered was from all classroom based sections of three levels of developmental mathematics taught between…

Preuss, Michael D.

2008-01-01

116

Student and Teacher Related Variables as Determinants of Secondary School Students Academic Achievement in Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRAK Kajian ini membina dan menguji sebuah model untuk menyediakan penjelasan secara kausal pencapaian kimia di kalangan pelajar sekolah menengah dari aspek pemboleh ubah-pemboleh ubah pelajar - jantina, tabiat pembelajaran, kebolehan matematik dan pemboleh ubah guru. Sebuah rekaan ex-post facto diadaptasi untuk kajian ini. Populasinya pula terdiri dari seluruh pelajar sekolah menengah tahun dua (SSII) dan guru mereka di Epe

FRANCIS A. ABUSEJI

2007-01-01

117

Integrating Adult Learning into Extension: Identifying Importance and Possession of Adult Education Competencies Among County Extension Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ex post facto case study was conducted to determine critical professional development needs of county extension faculty in the area of adult education. To conduct the study, a survey was administered to a group of 60 county extension faculty representing one extension district within a Southeastern US state. The constructs measured in the survey included embedded perceptions as to

Tracy Irani; Chris Mott

118

Family functioning in Iranian children with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Families play a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), one of the most prevalent developmental disorders of young children. We report the findings of an ex post facto study of families of 5 to 12 year old children with ADHD. Method: Participants were 30 mothers of children with ADHD and 30 mothers of normal

Ghaffar Malekkhosravi; Katayoon Khooshabi; Ashraf sadat Mousavi; Behrooz Dolatshahi

119

There is No Such Thing as Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, I present the radical but not nihilistic perspective that leadership is an invalid construct. More particularly, I argue that leadership science is a contradiction in terms, and that leadership is at best an ex post facto notion, a tenet of...

C. J. Yoos

1984-01-01

120

The Relationship between Self-Perceptions of Accountability by High School Principals and Student Test Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The high school principalship has been designated an area of professional shortage by many states. Resignations and terminations have been numerous as a result of poor student test performance. The purpose of this ex post facto correlation study was to investigate the self-perceptions of accountability by high school principals as they related to…

Koester, Edward L.

2010-01-01

121

High school reform practices: Does accountability drive reform?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the status of high schools in the implementation of high school reform practices as related to their performance on the accountability measures of Michigan Ed YES! report card grade and adequate yearly progress (AYP). Data from an ex post facto survey was used to assess the status of high schools throughout the

Gail Shenkman

2008-01-01

122

Emergent Literacy Skills Achievement of Kindergarteners in Relation to Sample Demographics in Southeastern Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ex post facto, quasi-experimental study was conducted at a single-site, kindergarten through eighth grade district in rural, southeastern Connecticut. Of the single cohort of kindergarten students (N = 35) participating, eight students received fall intervention from a trained paraprofessional using "Stepping Stones to Literacy" and winter…

Graves, KellyAnn

2010-01-01

123

On the Role and Eects of IMF Seniority  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a three period model that studies the eects of IMF loans on borrowers’ and lenders’ welfare highlighting the fact that the IMF has both de jure and de facto seniority rights over private creditors. It is shown that an IMF intervention affects borrowers and lenders in different ways. Ex-post, once capital is installed and a liquidity shock

Diego Saravia

2004-01-01

124

Stigmatizing Attributions and Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes of People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine whether employment outcomes of people with disabilities can be predicted by the social-cognitive/attribution theory of stigmatization. Design: Ex post facto design using data mining technique and logistic regression analysis. Participants: Data from 40,585 vocational rehabilitation (VR) consumers were extracted from the…

Chan, Jacob Yui-Chung; Keegan, John P.; Ditchman, Nicole; Gonzalez, Rene; Zheng, Lisa Xi; Chan, Fong

2011-01-01

125

Motivational and Volitional Variables Associated with Stages of Change for Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Multiple Discriminant Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main objective of this study was to determine whether motivational and volitional variables identified in the health action process approach (HAPA) model can be used to successfully differentiate people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in different stages of change for exercise and physical activity. Ex-post-facto design using multiple…

Chiu, Chung-Yi; Fitzgerald, Sandra D.; Strand, David M.; Muller, Veronica; Brooks, Jessica; Chan, Fong

2012-01-01

126

The Role of Online Reader Experience in Explaining Students' Performance in Digital Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the relationship between students' extracurricular experiences online and their performance on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), focusing specifically on students' competence in digital reading. The study uses a descriptive, correlational, ex post facto design. The data are taken from Spanish students'…

Gil-Flores, Javier; Torres-Gordillo, Juan-Jesus; Perera-Rodriguez, Victor-Hugo

2012-01-01

127

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

128

The Adjudicated Adolescent in Contemporary American Society: A Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the investigation involving 200 adolescents was to develop a descriptive profile of the adjudicated adolescent. The investigator sought to determine if predictive factors were discernable from an ex post factor analysis of data. Six instruments were utilized in obtaining the data: the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children…

Bullock, Lyndal M.; Reilly, Thomas F.

129

Irrigation and Rural Development: An ex Post Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Tavropos Irrigation Project in Central Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article presents an appraisal of the developmental effects of the Tavropos Irrigation Project in central Greece. Quantitative estimates are generated on the social net present value, the ratio of discounted social benefits to discounted social costs, the social internal rates of return, the direct and indirect benefits vis-a-vis employment, and the redistribution of income. This paper concludes with a generalized discussion of the project's social utility, taking into account the existing structural rigidities.

Kontogeorgakos, Dimitrios; Martinos, Nikos

1991-11-01

130

Modeling the European natural gas market during the 2009 Russian–Ukrainian gas conflict: Ex-post simulation and analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyzing short-term security of supply or the degree of physical market integration in the European gas market requires models with high spatial and temporal granularity which allow to do so in a comprehensive manner taking interdependencies in the supply infrastructure into account. This paper presents an infrastructure and dispatch model of the European gas market which enables such analyses. The

Stefan Lochner

2011-01-01

131

Conditions for turning the ex ante risk premium into an ex post redemption for EU government debt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basel III classifies government debt as risk free while actual interest rates in the European Union (EU) show large differences not only because of liquidity but mainly because of the risk of default, as also reflected in credit default swaps. IFRS \\/ IASB insists that there are risks involved indeed and that fair value accounting applies, which causes bank capital

Thomas Colignatus

2011-01-01

132

The Ius in Re Model to Analyze Users Rights Within Complex Property Regimes: Two Ex Post Applications in South America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes the application of the Ius in Re model of “power over things” from the ancient Roman law to analyze property rights and identify users' powers within complex property regimes. We specifically propose that people's independent powers over natural resources should be dissected and independently examined to identify actors and uses inhibiting sustainable management regardless of the prevailing

Carla Barbieri; Francisco X. Aguilar

2011-01-01

133

The De Facto Privatization of American Public Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Privatization is a spectrum along which public institutions operate. As the share of public investment in their operations declines, institutions are increasingly required to function in the competitive marketplace and so become increasingly privatized. In this article, former University of Wisconsin System President Katharine C. Lyall and…

Lyall, Katharine C.; Sell, Kathleen R.

2006-01-01

134

Concepción de mundo, aspectos contextuales y bienestar psicológico en chilenos supervivientes a experiencias de prisión y tortura por motivos políticos a más de 30 años de ocurridos los hechos* World Conception, Contextual Aspects, and Psychological Well-Being of Chilean Survivors of Political Torture and Imprisonment after more than 30 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

a b S t r a c t The main objective of this article is to study the long-term psychological effects of imprisonment and torture experiences for political reasons in the world conception of a group of Chilean survivors. The design is a descriptive ex-post facto model, including qualitative methodology on content analysis, and QRS Nvivo6 and SPSS software. Results

135

Piercing the Veil’s Effect on Corporate Human Rights Violations & International Corporate Crime (Human Trafficking, Slavery, etc)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate limited liability laws (CLL) [the corporate veil (tCV)] is a major obstacle for implementation of UN and other covenants’ prevention and jurisprudence ex ante and ex post facto Corporate Human Rights Violations (CHRV) and International Corporate Crime (ICrC). I.d. aggregates the inability of States and International Bodies to farther establish unified e.g., Lex Non Scripta common law with adjudicative

2011-01-01

136

Longitudinal Analysis of Student Performance in a Dental Hygiene Distance Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to determine if learners who receive face-to-face instruction in an educational program performed statistically better on established benchmark assessments (GPA, course averages, and NBDHE) than learners at a distance from the didactic course instructor. A comparative, quasi-experimental, ex-post facto study was conducted. The treatment variable was program type: face-to-face vs. distance. The performance of

Jodi L. Olmsted

137

Social competence and social-emotional isolation and eating disorder psychopathology in female and male adolescent psychiatric inpatients1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ex post facto study examined the association between interpersonal deficits in peer relations and specific aspects of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology in psychiatrically-hospitalized adolescent girls and boys. Four hundred and ninety-two psychiatric inpatients (286 girls and 206 boys), aged 12 to 19 years, completed self- report instruments that generate assessments of peer relations, ED psychopathology, self-esteem, and depression. Associations

Shannon L. Zaitsoff; Dwain C. Fehon; Carlos M. Grilo

2009-01-01

138

Peer group self-identification among alternative high school youth: A predictor of their psychosocial functioning five years later 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents' self-identified peer group affiliation consistently has been found to be associated with their health risk behaviors such as involvement in substance use and violence. However, no prospective studies have examined the relations of peer group self-identification in adolescence with problem behaviors in young adulthood among high-risk youth. This ex post facto study examined the association between self- reported peer

Steve Sussman; Jennifer B. Unger; Clyde W. Dent

2004-01-01

139

Predictions of the MCMI-III personality disorders from NEO-PI-R domains and facets: Comparison between American and Spanish samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This ex post facto study analyzes the relationships between NEO-PI-R domains and facets and 14 MCMI-III personality disorders scales in a Spanish non- clinical sample (N = 674). It also aims to explore differences and similarities with the results obtained by Dyce and O'Connor in an American sample with the same instruments. As expected, facet-level factor analyses forced to five

Anton Aluja; Luis F. García; Oscar García

2007-01-01

140

Mental Health and Emergency Medicine: A Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing fraction of undiagnosed and untreated psychiatric patients passes through the revolving doors of U.S. EDs, the opportunities for improving the art and science of acute mental health care have never been greater. These opportunities span macroepidemiologic surveillance research to intervention studies with individual patients. Feasible screening, intervention, and referral programs for mental health patients presenting to general EDs are needed. Additional research is needed to improve the quality of care, including the attitudes, abilities, interests, and virtues of ED providers. Research that optimizes provider education and training can help academic settings validate psychosocial issues as core components and responsibilities of emergency medicine. Transdisciplinary research with federal partners and investigators in neuropsychiatry and related fields can improve the mechanistic understanding of acute mental health problems. To have lasting impact, however, advances in ED mental health care must be translated into real-world policies and sustainable program enhancements to assure the uptake of best practices for ED screening, treatment, and management of mental disorders and psychosocial problems.

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L.; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M.; Lippmann, Melanie J.; Milzman, David P.

2013-01-01

141

Desert Research Institute: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operating as the nonprofit research campus of the University and Community College System of Nevada, the Desert Research Institute (DRI) conducts more than $27 million in environmental research each year with the help of its approximately 400 research faculty and support staff. The informational research page of the main Web site offers descriptions; publications; links; and other relevant facts from the various arms of the institute, which include the Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Division of Earth and Ecosystem, Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Center for Arid Lands Environmental Management, Center for Watersheds and Environmental Sustainability, and several others.

1969-12-31

142

Tools for Researchers - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Search:? Tools for Researchers Research tools such as those listed below have

143

Science Laboratory Environment and Academic Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study determined how students assess the various components of their science laboratory environment. It also identified how the laboratory environment affects students' learning outcomes. The modified ex-post facto design was used. A sample of 328 randomly selected students was taken from a population of all Senior Secondary School chemistry students in a state in Nigeria. The research instrument, Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI) designed and validated by Fraser et al. (Sci Educ 77:1-24, 1993) was administered on the selected students. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Product Moment Correlation. Findings revealed that students could assess the five components (Student cohesiveness, Open-endedness, Integration, Rule clarity, and Material Environment) of the laboratory environment. Student cohesiveness has the highest assessment while material environment has the least. The results also showed that the five components of the science laboratory environment are positively correlated with students' academic performance. The findings are discussed with a view to improving the quality of the laboratory environment, subsequent academic performance in science and ultimately the enrolment and retaining of learners in science.

Aladejana, Francisca; Aderibigbe, Oluyemisi

2007-12-01

144

Research Results Research Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Highly Efficient Route for Selective Phenol Hydrogenation to Cyclohexanone A Novel Mechanism Employed by KSHV to Maintain the Latent Infection was Revealed Breakthrough in the Synthesis of Interconnected NW/NT and NT/NW/NT Heterojunctions with Branched Topology GABA Transporter-1 Activity Modulates Hippocampal Theta Oscillation and Theta Burst Stimulation-Induced Long-Term Potentiation Meta-analysis of Vitamin D, Calcium and the Prevention of Breast Cancer New Findings on the Origin of TrpRS PKCd Regulates Cortical Radial Migration by Stabilizing the Cdk5 Activator P35 PKU Research Team Publishes Papers on Inhalation Exposure to Pollutant and Cancer Risk Progress of the Research on Arbitrarily Elliptical Invisibility Cloaks An Advance in Complete Oxidation of Formaldehyde at Low Temperatures

2009-04-01

145

Areas of Research - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Search:? Areas of Research Monitoring Risk & Health Behaviors Exposure Assessment

146

Willingness to pay for rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria in southeast Nigeria: ex post and ex ante  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. However, any successful control of malaria will depend on socio-economic factors that influence its management in the community. Willingness to pay (WTP) is important because consumer responses to prices will influence utilization of services and revenues collected. Also the consumer's attitude can influence monetary

Benjamin SC Uzochukwu; Obinna E Onwujekwe; Nkoli P Uguru; Maduka D Ughasoro; Ogochukwu P Ezeoke

2010-01-01

147

Increase of Farmers' Knowledge through Farmer Seed Production Schools in Vietnam as Assessed on the Basis of Ex-Ante and Ex-Post Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was designed to assess changes in farmers' knowledge of farmer seed production through schools (FSPSs) in Vietnam. A set of 25 questions covering five technical areas of the seed production process was used for pre and post knowledge testing at 12 FSPSs in the provinces Binh Dinh, Nam Dinh, Nghe An and Dong Thap. The main findings show…

Tin, Huynh Q.; Struik, Paul C.; Price, Lisa L.; Tuyen, Nguyen P.; Hoan, Nguyen P.; Bos, Heleen

2010-01-01

148

Do farmers waste fertilizer? A comparison of ex post optimal nitrogen rates and ex ante recommendations by model, site and year  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there appear to be costs to farmers of over-applying nitrogen, there is evidence in many regions that farmers are applying nitrogen at levels that exceed those suggested by government extension services. A major reason why farmers would apparently waste money by applying more fertilizer than a crop can use is a perception that the general recommendations are not appropriate

Predrag Rajsic; Alfons Weersink

2008-01-01

149

Smallholder Information Sources and Communication Pathways for Cashew Production and Marketing in Tanzania: An Ex-Post Study in Tandahimba and Lindi Rural Districts, Southern Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To identify and review production and marketing information sources and flows for smallholder cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) growers in Tanzania and recommend systems improvements for better technology uptake. Design/methodology/approach: Two-stage purposive samples were drawn. First, two districts in the main cashew producing areas,…

Nyambo, Brigitte; Ligate, Elly

2013-01-01

150

Impact Evaluation of a Youth Job Training Program in the Dominican Republic:Ex-Post Evaluation Report of the Labor Training and Modernization Project (DR0134)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this report is to assess whether the job training program Juventud y Empleo has had positive impacts, i.e. to determine if it has increased the employability of its participants. Additionally, the report also analyzes the implementation of the project vis-à-vis its original design. This is the first and only job training program in Latin America with an

Pablo Ibarrán; David Rosas; Yuri Suarez Dillon Soares

2006-01-01

151

A local area network for medical research; planning, realization and experience.  

PubMed

This report focuses on the planning and realization of an interdisciplinary local area network (LAN) for medical research at the University of Heidelberg. After a detailed requirements analysis, several networks were evaluated by means of a test installation, and a cost-performance analysis was carried out. At present, the LAN connects 45 (IBM-compatible) PCs, several heterogeneous mainframes (IBM, DEC and Siemens) and provides access to the public X.25 network and to wide-area networks for research (EARN, BITNET). The network supports application software that is frequently needed in medical research (word processing, statistics, graphics, literature databases and services, etc.). Compliance with existing "official" (e.g., IEEE 802.3) and "de facto" standards (e.g., PostScript) was considered to be extremely important for the selection of both hardware and software. Customized programs were developed to improve access control, user interface and on-line help. Wide acceptance of the LAN was achieved through extensive education and maintenance facilities, e.g., teaching courses, customized manuals and a hotline service. Since requirements of clinical routine differ substantially from medical research needs, two separate networks (with a gateway in between) are proposed as a solution to optimally satisfy the users' demands. PMID:2005834

Schosser, R; Weiss, C; Messmer, K

1991-01-01

152

Meta-Research: Researching Student Researchers' Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers students' attitudes toward research and writing about research and discusses methods used to help students overcome their largely negative attitudes toward research. The paper first states that at Illinois State University in Normal, the course that follows freshman composition is one on academic discourse. The paper reports…

Knutson, Debra S; And Others

153

Research Briefs  

Cancer.gov

Research Briefs provide monthly summaries of some of the scientific publications being generated by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) researchers and by other researchers who have successfully used TCGA data in their work.

154

Leadership Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this work is to explore recent research in the field of leadership as related to education and to link such research to a possible research project. This research project would focus on increasing standardized test scores in California schools focusing on the elementary school level through focusing on increasing reading competency and…

Kaplun, Irina

2011-01-01

155

Current Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes three articles about research in the school library media field: (1) "The State of Research Today" (Michael B. Eisenberg) (2) "Recent Trends in School Library Media Research" (Robert Grover and Susan G. Fowler); and (3) "Notes from ERIC" (Barbara Minor) provides references to 10 research overviews and summaries. (Contains 19 references.)…

Eisenberg, Michael B.; And Others

1993-01-01

156

Research Exceptionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation

James Wilson; David Hunter

2010-01-01

157

Improbable Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides "research that makes people laugh and then think." Links are provided to selected articles from the Journal of Improbable Research and to each year's Ig Nobel Prizes. Features include the Luxuriant Flowing Hair Club for Scientists.

2006-10-27

158

Research & Publications  

Cancer.gov

Accelerating Innovation in Cancer Research Through Epidemiology DCEG Hosts Workshop on Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Research Published From Radiation Conference Scientific Highlights Major Editorials, Commentaries, and Reviews Published by DCEG Scientists Print

159

Research exceptionalism.  

PubMed

Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a special case. First, research typically involves the imposition of risk on people who do not benefit from this risk imposition. Second, research depends on public trust. Third, the complexity of the moral decision making required favors ethics committees as a regulative solution for research. PMID:20694909

Wilson, James; Hunter, David

2010-08-01

160

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research advances, a new feature in Journal of Chemical Engineering that brings information about innovations in current areas of research to high school and college science faculty with an intent to provide educators with timely descriptions of latest progress in research that can be integrated into existing courses to update course content and…

King, Angela G.

2004-01-01

161

Research Review: Doing Artistic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this review, the author focuses on the pragmatic consideration: How do artists do artistic research? Artistic research in the context of this review is about the connections and relationships among three primary domains: (1) the arts; (2) higher education; and (3) arts education. Broadly stated, all artists do research when they do…

Serig, Dan

2012-01-01

162

Researching Practice and Practicing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When works of teacher scholars were recognized with major National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) research awards, and the sections and conferences instituted research initiatives of their own, many were filled with the soaring hope that a new synergy was in the making. The "Research in the Teaching of English" (RTE) Alan C. Purves Award,…

DiPardo, Anne

2011-01-01

163

Undergraduate Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The undergraduate social work curriculum with its requirement of research content is well-positioned to enhance student capacity and practice effectiveness. Research content should move far beyond the conventional thinking as necessary but not critically important at the undergraduate level, to discussions of knowledge enhancement for practice and preparation for advanced education. This article suggests the directions for further thought and

Julia M. Watkins

2007-01-01

164

Drawing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand research as new to architectural design is to ignore the history of the architect. Research—as the drawing forth of ideas—has been fundamental to the practice of the architect since the Italian Renaissance. The term ‘design’ comes from the Italian disegno, meaning drawing, suggesting both the drawing of a line on paper and the drawing forth of an idea.

Jonathan Hill

2006-01-01

165

Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

Glick, Ashley

2010-01-01

166

Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

Serig, Dan, Ed.

2010-01-01

167

Electronic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Review of software designed to help students find and use reference materials covers use of databases and word processing programs to record and organize notes for student research papers and online databases to acquire research materials. Learning activities for teaching how to use these resources include program for computer dictionary. (MBR)|

Solomon, Gwen

1986-01-01

168

Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this review, the author explores an often-used process in research--the mind map. He uses this method in his own research and artwork. He also uses this extensively with students, particularly master students when they are trying to surround issues in their thesis projects. Mind maps are closely associated with brainstorming, as brainstorming…

Serig, Dan

2011-01-01

169

Geriatric research.  

PubMed

The American Occupational Therapy Association's Centennial Vision articulates the need for occupational therapy to be science driven and evidence based in major practice areas. This article provides a review on the state of the occupational therapy research published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) in the area of productive aging in the past 2 years (2008-2009). The article identifies the types of research published, assesses how well the journal is meeting the Centennial Vision in productive aging research, and discusses implications for utilization of the evidence by occupational therapy practitioners. Although many basic research articles provide a foundation for future intervention development and further define practice roles, the AJOT articles addressing productive aging represent diverse research questions and have produced a body of knowledge that is not easily translated to practice. More effectiveness studies are needed to provide adequate evidence for occupational therapy intervention with older adults. PMID:20131577

Murphy, Susan L

170

Monsoon research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forecasting monsoons is one of four research areas proposed as part of an expanded program of collaborative projects by U.S. and Indian scientists and engineers, according to George A. Keyworth, II, science advisor to President Reagan and director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). The other proposed research areas are health, agriculture and biomass production, and decentralized electrical power sources.During the next 6 months, scientists will ‘scope out research projects’ and detail specific research activities, according to Roger Doyon, head of the Africa and Asia section of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Scientific, Technological, and International Affairs. Most of the actual research will begin with the advent of fiscal 1984.

Richman, Barbara T.

171

Access: Diabetes Research  

MedlinePLUS

... more information, Please visit www.diabetes.org News & Research Research Research Database Research Discoveries Support Our Research ... News & Research > Research > Access: Diabetes Research Access: Diabetes Research Listen patientINFORM is a program that provides patients ...

172

Exploring the Ethics of Observational Research: The Case of an HIV Study in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Observational studies have generally been viewed as incurring minimal risk to participants, resulting in fewer ethical obligations for investigators than intervention studies. In 2004, the lead author (AN) carried out an observational study measuring sexual behavior and the prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), among Tanzanian agricultural plantation residents (results reported elsewhere). This article uses an ethical lens to consider the consequences of the observational study and explore what, if any, effects it had on participants and their community. Methods Using a case study approach, we critically examine three core principles of research ethics—respect for persons/autonomy; beneficence/nonmaleficence; and distributive justice—as manifested in the 2004 observational study. We base our findings on three sources: discussions with plantation residents following presentations of observational research findings; in-depth interviews with key informants; and researcher observations. Results The observational research team was found to have ensured confidentiality and noncoercive recruitment. Ironically, maintenance of confidentiality and voluntary participation led some participants to doubt study results. Receiving HIV test results was important for participants and contributed to changing community norms about HIV testing. Conclusions Observational studies may act like de facto intervention studies and thus incur obligations similar to those of intervention studies. We found that ensuring respect for persons may have compromised the principles of beneficence and distributive justice. While in theory these three ethical principles have equal moral force, in practice, researchers may have to prioritize one over the others. Careful community engagement is necessary to promote well-considered ethical decisions.

Norris, Alison; Jackson, Ashley; Khoshnood, Kaveh

2013-01-01

173

Redesigning Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The authors developed an inquiry-based course that emphasizes integration of the sciences. Student teams pursue research projects of their own design using mathematics and physics to study biological phenomena. Faculty members from the mathematics, physic

Saunders, David K.; Yanik, Elizabeth G.; Gustafson, Phillip E.; Keith, Ronald L.

2003-03-01

174

Optics Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains copies of journal articles, and papers appearing in conference proceedings describing optics research at Lincoln Laboratory during the period 1 July 1976 through 31 December 1977. Also included are preprints of articles accepted by jo...

R. H. Rediker

1977-01-01

175

Tissue Research  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Tissue Research. -. Tissue Therapy. Developing Ways to Measure Safety and Efficacy for Tissue-engineered Products Brenton McCright, PhD; ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/scienceresearch/biologicsresearchareas

176

Research Groups  

Cancer.gov

This group provides key consultations across NCI, developing and using statistical analysis of biological data, computer and mathematical models, and conducting research in biostatistical and epidemiological methodologies and mathematical modeling of processes.

177

Research Accomplishments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past year, we have worked on several research projects in the areas of reliability, stochastic systems, environmental models, life and social sciences, among others. In structuring the various statistical models in the these areas, our aim was ...

C. P. Tsokos

1982-01-01

178

Action Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Defined as "any systemic inquiry conducted by teachers� for the purpose of gathering information about how their particular schools operate, how they teach, and how their students learn" (Mertler, 2009), action research is empowering and professi

Beran, Becky; Milton-Brkich, Katie L.; Shumbera, Kristen

2010-07-01

179

Polar Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three major breakthroughs in Antarctic earth sciences which occurred during 1982 are discussed (finding of land fossils, meteorite, and subsurface microorganisms). Highlights of conferences, research activities, and significant publications are also discussed. (JN)|

Turner, Mort D.; McKenzie, Garry D.

1983-01-01

180

PM RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Activity Area (F03): PM Implementation NRMRL conducts research to improve the techniques used to quantify PM and PM precursor emissions from stationary, mobile, and fugitive sources and investigates the performance and cost of innovative control technology systems. The emission...

181

Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excerpts from a seminar presentation "Studies in Adult Education" discussing Freire's conception of social research and his opinion of how his ideas, born in a Latin American context, might be applied to Africa. (Author/MW)|

Freire, Paulo

1974-01-01

182

Research Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report includes research activities in the field of oceanography from Oregon State University during the period 1963 through 1964. The areas covered are: Physical oceanography; Geological oceanography; Geophysical oceanography; Chemical oceanography; ...

S. Borden

1964-01-01

183

Current Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To supplement your summer reading, NSTA's affiliates would like to suggest some recent articles on education research, covering such topics as diversity, technology, and science teacher retention. Start with The Science Teacher for interesting i

2009-07-01

184

A Reassessment of the Impact of Astronomy REU Programs on Female Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years, federal agencies have enthusiastically supported Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs to engage students in research experiences to encourage them to continue to pursue astronomy career paths. Despite widespread tacit agreement that such experiences are critically important to filling the STEM career pipeline, there has been insufficient evaluation published to substantiate these impacts, with what little is described focusing on building students’ confidence and enculturation into the scientific enterprise. Upon closer inspection the data that exists, it appears that REU's may have little impact on participants’ career decisions, with the small number of those who do alter their intentions in favor of attending being balanced out by those who decide not to attend. This scenario begs the question of do REU programs create students who will go on to STEM careers or, alternatively, do REU programs simply attract students who are already pre-destined for STEM careers? This study chose to approach the problem using a mixed method, ex post facto design. Using six years of data, pre- and post- interview transcripts were compared to career decisions to develop a framework through which to further interview participants with regard to which career pathway decisions they are making. An interview process was then used to develop a new model that explained both these participants’ choices and findings in previous research. Data suggests that the nature and perceived quality of an REU experience is largely irrelevant to STEM career pursuit. For participants who were already committed to graduate studies, the REU was a means to enhance their candidacy for admissions. Those least likely to attend graduate school were those who were not committed prior to the REU. For these participants the REU served as a means to enhance their resumes for post-graduation employment.

Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, T. F.

2008-05-01

185

Escape from Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research to examine the impact of the US Advanced Technology Program (ATM)-sponsored consortia on the ex-post research productivity of the firms participating in this research is presented. The findings reveal that there exists a positive association between the level of participation in research and the overall research productivity of the…

Haddix, Margaret

2004-01-01

186

Energy-Efficient Ranging for Post-Facto Self-Localization in Mobile Underwater Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many ocean processes, both biological and physical, greatly depend on and interact with the intrinsic current dynamics of the underwater environment. A promising approach to understand small and large scale spatio-temporal correlations of these processes is to deploy a networked swarm of drifters that float freely with ocean currents. They form a coordinated distributed sampling system that observes ocean processes

Diba Mirza; Curt Schurgers

2008-01-01

187

47 CFR 1.9030 - Long-term de facto transfer leasing arrangements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...which the licensee has knowledge or should have knowledge. (3) The licensee must retain a copy of the...the regulatory status of the licensee (e.g., common carrier or non-common carrier status) is prescribed by rule, the...

2012-10-01

188

American College Biology and Zoology Course Requirements: A de facto Standardized Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Without a formal mechanism to produce consensus, American colleges generally have come to agree on what constitutes an appropriate set of course requirements for Biology and Zoology majors. This report describes a survey of American four-year colleges and universities offering biology and/or zoology degrees. Questionnaires were sent to 741 biology…

Heppner, Frank; And Others

189

Is There a de Facto National Intended Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|State content standards are the backbone of the standards-based reform movement. Content standards provide teachers with a set of guidelines for what students are expected to know and be able to do, defining the intended curriculum. And although the current 50-state system of education gives each state the task of setting content standards, there…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.; Smithson, John

2009-01-01

190

Military coups and the consequences of durable de facto power: the case of Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the role of the military as an independent interest group within the State, based on the two-player theoretical\\u000a framework of Acemoglu and Robinson (Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge\\u000a 2006); we innovate by introducing the military as a third player, a specialist in violence. In particular, we study the conditions\\u000a under which a democratic

Aditya Bhave; Christopher Kingston

2010-01-01

191

Institutional Habitus as the De Facto Diversity Curriculum of Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unofficial "diversity curriculum" of an urban high school and how it is negotiated by prospective teachers during field experience and student-teaching experiences are examined. The school setting, including the people within it, communicate messages such as "who we are" and "how we do things here." The intermediary construct of institutional…

Cornbleth, Catherine

2010-01-01

192

De Facto Exchange Rate Policies in the MENA Region: Toward Deeper Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of exchange rate policy coordination and cooperation within a regional framework becomes a necessity to avoid the self-fulfilling exchange rate crises, especially in the context of the MENA region, which is cursed with significant regional political instability. In this paper we have focused our attention on the Agadir countries, namely Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. According to the

Bassem Kamar

2004-01-01

193

The Growth of Foreign Qualification Suppliers in Sri Lanka: "de facto" Decentralisation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based mainly on a study of newspaper adverts for qualifications and tuition courses in Sri Lanka over a period from 1965 to 2000, this paper describes a decentralisation of control over the supply of qualifications. It is argued that this has occurred not through a deliberate policy mechanism to decentralise qualifications, but rather by default,…

Little, Angela W.; Evans, Jane

2005-01-01

194

SOFTWARE DEFAULTS AS DE FACTO REGULATION The case of the wireless internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's internet presumes that individuals are capable of configuring software to address issues such as spam, security, indecent content, and privacy. This assumption is worrying – common sense and empirical evidence state that not everyone is so interested or so skilled. When regulatory decisions are left to individuals, for the unskilled the default settings are the law. This article relies

Rajiv C. Shah; Christian Sandvig

2008-01-01

195

American College Biology and Zoology Course Requirements: A de facto Standardized Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Without a formal mechanism to produce consensus, American colleges generally have come to agree on what constitutes an appropriate set of course requirements for Biology and Zoology majors. This report describes a survey of American four-year colleges and universities offering biology and/or zoology degrees. Questionnaires were sent to 741…

Heppner, Frank; And Others

196

75 FR 78676 - De Facto Criteria for Establishing a Separate Rate in Antidumping Proceedings Involving Non...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...merchandise is wholly foreign-owned or located in a market economy country, under current practice a separate-rate...whether a foreign producer/exporter in a non- market economy is sufficiently free of government control to be granted...

2010-12-16

197

Institutional Habitus as the De Facto Diversity Curriculum of Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The unofficial "diversity curriculum" of an urban high school and how it is negotiated by prospective teachers during field experience and student-teaching experiences are examined. The school setting, including the people within it, communicate messages such as "who we are" and "how we do things here." The intermediary construct of institutional…

Cornbleth, Catherine

2010-01-01

198

Demographic Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Demographic Research is a newly launched, peer-reviewed online journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany. The first article in Volume One (covering May 1, 1999 to December 31, 1999) has recently been posted: Cancer Rates over Age, Time, and Place: Insights from Stochastic Models of Heterogeneous Populations by James W. Vaupel and Anatoli I. Yashin. Articles are available in both HTML and .pdf formats. The Website provides detailed information about the journal's purpose, mission, submission guidelines, and review process.

199

Research Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has made its 2002 Research Review available at this site. The document can be downloaded as a whole or in segments by its nine subject areas. An interesting look at "low-wind-speed turbines" discusses the importance of several turbine components in designing an efficient, low-cost source of power. Vehicle emissions and hydrogen fuel cell applications are among several other areas covered. The Research Review is written in a very non-technical manner, so it is ideal for anyone wanting to learn about renewable energy and clean technologies.

2003-01-01

200

Cosmological N-body Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

.90ex> }}} The ``N'' in N-body calculations has doubled every year for the last two decades. To continue this trend, the UW N-body group is working on algorithms for the fast evaluation of gravitational forces on parallel computers and establishing rigorous standards for the computations. In these algorithms, the computational cost per time step is ~ 10(3) pairwise forces per particle. A new adaptive time integrator enables us to perform high quality integrations that are fully temporally and spatially adaptive. SPH--smoothed particle hydrodynamics will be added to simulate the effects of dissipating gas and magnetic fields. The importance of these calculations is two-fold. First, they determine the nonlinear consequences of theories for the structure of the Universe. Second, they are essential for the interpretation of observations. Every galaxy has six coordinates of velocity and position. Observations determine two sky coordinates and a line of sight velocity that bundles universal expansion (distance) together with a random velocity created by the mass distribution. Simulations are needed to determine the underlying structure and masses. The importance of simulations has moved from ex post facto explanation to an integral part of planning large observational programs. I will show why high quality simulations with ``large N'' are essential to accomplish our scientific goals. This year, our simulations have N >~ 10(7) . This is sufficient to tackle some niche problems, but well short of our 5 year goal--simulating The Sloan Digital Sky Survey using a few Billion particles (a Teraflop-year simulation). Extrapolating past trends, we would have to ``wait'' 7 years for this hundred-fold improvement. Like past gains, significant changes in the computational methods are required for these advances. I will describe new algorithms, algorithmic hacks and a dedicated computer to perform Billion particle simulations. Finally, I will describe research that can be enabled by Petaflop computers. This research is supported by the NASA HPCC/ESS program.

Lake, George

1994-05-01

201

Precipitation research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major flood events during the past 4 yr in the United States have focused attention on the need for additional research relating to the measurement and estimation of areal distribution of precipitation. The characteristics of the precipitation associated with the storms that produced the major floods varied widely. Major flooding occurred over a large area of the lower Mississippi River

Eugene L. Peck

1975-01-01

202

Fish Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video segment from IdahoPTV's D4K explains the Chinook salmon's life cycle in the Pacific Northwest and why it is an endangered species. A fisheries biologist takes students through some steps of fish research with explanations of the kinds of information biologists gather to perhaps help manage fish recovery.

Ptv, Idaho

2011-10-06

203

Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This column features summaries of research articles from 3 recent crisis management publications. The first, "School Shootings and Counselor Leadership: Four Lessons from the Field" summarized by Kristi Fenning, was conducted as the result of the increased demand for trained crisis personnel on school campuses. Survey participants were leaders…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2010-01-01

204

Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents summaries of recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized provides a review of research documenting that even when children are not physically proximal to a national disaster (9/11), they may still have negative reactions. The second article summarized is an examination of the PTSD diagnostic criterion…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Bratica, Robyn; Dempsey, Jack R.; Karle, Jessica

2009-01-01

205

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nanotechnology are employed by researchers at Northwestern University to develop a method of labeling disease markers present in blood with unique DNA tags they have dubbed "bio-bar-codes". The preparation of nanoparticle and magnetic microparticle probes and a nanoparticle-based PSR-less DNA amplification scheme are involved by the DNA-BCA…

King, Angela G.

2004-01-01

206

Eyewitness Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it may seem a cliché, nothing succeeds like success. The prior successes of the eyewitness area produced a number of highly productive research programs. Those programs generated a literature that is now widely read within psychology and increasingly relied on by those in the criminal justice system. Student interest in the area is high, which leads to graduate applications

R. C. L. LINDSAY; JOHN C. BRIGHAM; C. A. ELIZABETH BRIMACOMBE; GARY L. WELLS

207

Energy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Group of Eight (Go8) is a coalition of leading Australian universities, intensive in research and comprehensive in general and professional education. The Go8 member universities recognise that the issue of energy usage and transformation is one of vital importance not only to Australia but to the world as a whole. The universities aim to…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

208

Learning Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of four papers presented during a symposium on learning research moderated by Keith Johansen at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD). "A Goal-Based Scenario (GBS) as a Unified Approach to Integrated Skills Development Training: Andersen Consulting's BanDS School" (Kurt J. Olson, Jeffrey M.…

1996

209

Research Advances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers in the Department of Bioengineering at Rice University are developing a new approach for fighting cancer, based on nanoshells that can both detect and destroy cancerous cells. The aim is to locate the cells, and be able to make a rational choice about whether they need to be destroyed and if possible they should immediately be sent…

King, Angela G.

2005-01-01

210

Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This column features summaries of five research articles relevant to school crisis response. The first, "High School Teachers' Experiences With Suicidal Students," summarized by Robyn Bratica, offers the results of a study examining high school teachers' experiences with suicidal students and suggests that contact with suicidal students is very…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2011-01-01

211

Research Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's review of research about material culture and its relevance to teaching artists. In this review, three themes emerged that may provide a conceptual framework. This framework may offer a base of understanding from which teaching artists may, in turn, be able to situate some of their practices or create new…

Serig, Dan

2011-01-01

212

Paleotsunami Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004 shows poignantly that catastrophic tsunamis are too infrequent for their hazard to be characterized by historical records alone. Long-term geologic records provide opportunities to assess water depth and velocity of past inundations, estimate source locations, and aid in understanding how tsunamis affect the ecology and geomorphology of coastlines. Dated deposits allow estimates of times and recurrence intervals of past tsunamis. Such information guides mitigation efforts and may reduce losses from future tsunamis. Paleotsunami research attracts scientists from earthquake geology, paleontology, paleoecology, geomorphology, physical oceanography, geophysics, marine geology, sedimentology, geochemistry, seismology, coastal engineering, and the social sciences, and may lead to unanticipated collaborations and advances. This article discusses the opportunities and challenges of tsunami geology, and it suggests directions for future research.

Rhodes, Brady; Tuttle, Martitia; Horton, Benjamin; Doner, Lisa; Kelsey, Harvey; Nelson, Alan; Cisternas, Marco

2006-05-01

213

Satellite Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Spatial Analysis Research Section of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) maintains this informative site, offering spectacular large-scale color images [.gif] of vegetation conditions in the US during different time periods. Images are based on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) which measures vegetation vigor caused by chlorophyll activity ("greenness"). Images here depict "the effects of the massive Midwest flood in 1993, the early freeze in 1995, and the serious drought in 1996 winter wheat areas," among others. The heart of the site, however, is the series of 'biweekly period' images of the Continental US and selected states. Here, the user may compare biweeks within 1998, or compare the same time period in different years (1998 and 1997). Although intended for USDA policy officials monitoring vegetation condition of crop areas, the data will be useful to any researchers wishing to view large-scale changes in vegetation growth within the US.

214

Research Visibility: Vocational Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 reviews of vocational education research are organized under these topics: (1) Human Potential and Human Resources, which reports a teacher institute to develop human potential, a leadership development study, and the labor market experience of men aged 45-59, (2) Reports of Voc-Tec Centers, including the Center for Occupational Education…

Brandon, George L., Ed.

1971-01-01

215

RESEARCH UPDATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Includes: Food Insecurity in Low-Income Rural Areas, Eric Icart, University of Maryland Eastern Shore New Shift in Food Distribution Orientation: The Proposition of Fresh Prepared Foods, John L. Park, Research Associate, Food Industry Management Program, Cornell University, 109 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801 Distribution Barriers Confronting Small-Volume Fruit and Vegetable Growers, John R. Brooker, David B. Eastwood, and Morgan D.

Anonymous

1998-01-01

216

Outcomes Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morbidity and mortality rates among patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease remain unacceptably high in spite of\\u000a recent advances in medicine and technology. Differences in patient outcomes exist among the industrialized countries and are\\u000a partly explained by variances in clinical practice. Outcomes research has been the primary methodology used to more fully\\u000a investigate the root causes for practice variation.

Laura D. Byham-Gray

217

Wolfram Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wolfram Research collection includes access to the comprehensive and interactive mathematics encyclopedias of MathWorld and the Wolfram Functions Site. Also included are links to the Online Integrator for solving integrals and the Demonstrations Project. The functions site details the interrelationships between the special functions of mathematical physics and the elementary functions of mathematical analysis. The demonstrations site includes demonstrations, graphics and interactives about mathematics, physical sciences and engineering and technology.

2009-08-19

218

2008 Research Portfolio: Research & Development Division  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document describes the breadth of the research being conducted in 2008 by the Research and Development Division at Educational Testing Service (ETS). The research described falls into three large categories: (1) Research supported by the ETS research allocation; (2) Research funded by testing programs at ETS; and (3) Research funded by…

Educational Testing Service, 2008

2008-01-01

219

Robotics research  

SciTech Connect

Organized around a view of robotics as ''the intelligent connection of perception to action,'' the fifty-three contributions collected in this book present leading current research in one of the fastest moving fields of artificial intelligence. Readings Include: Hand-Eye Coordination in Rope Handling; 3-D Balance Using 2-D algorithms. A Model Driven Visual Inspection Module: Stereo Vision: Complexity and Constraints; Interpretation of Contact Geometers from Force Measurement; The Utah MIT Dextrous Hand: Work in Progress; Hierarchical Nonlinear Control for Robots; VAL-11; A Robot Programming Language and Control System; Technological Barriers in Robotics: A Perspective from Industry.

Brady, M.; Paul, R.

1984-01-01

220

Speech Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several articles addressing topics in speech research are presented. The topics include: exploring the functional significance of physiological tremor: A biospectroscopic approach; differences between experienced and inexperienced listeners to deaf speech; a language-oriented view of reading and its disabilities; Phonetic factors in letter detection; categorical perception; Short-term recall by deaf signers of American sign language; a common basis for auditory sensory storage in perception and immediate memory; phonological awareness and verbal short-term memory; initiation versus execution time during manual and oral counting by stutterers; trading relations in the perception of speech by five-year-old children; the role of the strap muscles in pitch lowering; phonetic validation of distinctive features; consonants and syllable boundaires; and vowel information in postvocalic frictions.

221

Hurricane Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will play the role of a senior science advisor for the Louisiana Environmental Agency. Due to the recent damaging and deadly hurricanes during 2005 (i.e., Hurricane Katrina) through 2008, they, along with their team of climatologists, meteorologists, and environmental impact experts, have been tasked to study the danger of future tropical storms. Specifically, they will investigate the potential for future deadly and damaging hurricanes to impact the Gulf Coast area. Students will research possible trends present in atmospheric and oceanic conditions which may affect future hurricane frequency and or intensity and create a summary discussing what steps should be taken, if any, to mitigate the danger of future hurricanes in their specific area or selected area for a better understanding of hurricanes.

222

Product Quality Research  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Section Contents Menu. Science & Research (Drugs). Additional Research Areas. Product Quality Research. -. Product Quality Research. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/scienceresearch/researchareas

223

Research Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines what is important about talk between learners during school science and, having identified this, suggests how we can ensure that what we consider important happens. By looking at the interaction between teachers and learners talking about science, it is possible to indicate ways in which learners can be helped to continue this learning conversation with one another when teacher support is withdrawn. Strategies for teaching and learning are examined. The paper reports on the findings of a research project designed to teach children how to negotiate their ideas about science concepts through rational dialogue. Children's development of scientific concepts in classrooms is undertaken through structured activity and mediated through oral language. Children must move forward simultaneously in their use of specialized vocabulary and in their understanding of current scientific explanations, models and ideas. New language and new ways of using language are learned by doing, which means for children, primarily speaking and listening. Children's understanding of science can benefit from teaching them to understand that spoken language is a powerful tool for thinking together.

Dawes, Lyn

2004-06-01

224

Building research capital to facilitate research  

PubMed Central

The National Institute for Health Research, Research Design Service (NIHR RDS) was set up to increase the number and proportion of high quality applications for funding for applied and patient focused health and social care research. Access to specialist expertise and collaboration between researchers and health practitioners at the proposal development stage is crucial for high quality applied health research. In this essay we develop the concept of ‘research capital’ to describe the wide range of resources and expertise required to develop fundable research projects. It highlights the key role the RDS plays supporting researchers to broker relationships to access the requisite ‘research capital’.

2013-01-01

225

Impression management and retrospective sense-making in corporate narratives : A social psychology perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Prior accounting research views impression management predominantly though the lens of economics. Drawing on social psychology research, this paper seeks to provide a complementary perspective on corporate annual narrative reporting as characterised by conditions of “ex post accountability”. These give rise to impression management resulting from the managerial anticipation of the feedback effects of information and\\/or to managerial

Doris M. Merkl-Davies; Niamh M. Brennan; Stuart J. McLeay

2011-01-01

226

Training Researchers To Commercialize Research Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A training course was designed to prepare researchers for research commercialization for researchers. It introduces concepts involved in the publishing of knowledge such as protection of intellectual property, spin-off companies, and working with commercial companies. (JOW)

van der Sijde, P. C.; Cuyvers, R.

2003-01-01

227

Testing the constitutionality of u.s. licensing of news gatherers and researchers traveling to cuba  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fifth Amendment right to travel freely abroad notwithstanding, the Supreme Court has upheld on national security grounds a de facto travel ban by which the U.S. government prohibits its citizens to spend money necessary for visiting the island of Cuba unless they receive prior approval from the Treasury Department. However, this article argues that the licensing regime used by

John Spicer Nichols

1998-01-01

228

Decolonizing researcher authenticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the ways in which researcher authenticity is negotiated along three axes of difference, ethno?linguistic affiliation, sexual orientation and race\\/skin color. Ultimately, it analyzes how researcher authenticity is produced and played out within research, via interactions between participants, researchers and others who influence the research project, especially when researchers and research are transnational. Yoshino's Covering, a new addition

Stephanie Lynn Daza

2008-01-01

229

Researching Research: Mathematics Education in the Political  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object of research by deploying Foucault's notion of…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2012-01-01

230

Japanese research grants for young researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of research grants for young scientists in Japan is brief, and it is vital that we understand the conditions faced by young research scientists in Japan as we consider the necessity of upgrading research grants for the future. We used the results of a 2001 survey of scientists in academia, government, and the private sector by the Research

Yuko Ito

2004-01-01

231

Aging Research Worldwide Biogerontology research in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes the features of biogerontology research in Spain and outlines the research in the biology of ageing, covering a wide spectrum of areas and topics. Research in biogerontology has expanded notably in quality and quantity in the last decades with the development of internationally recognized research groups actively working in the analysis of the complex process of ageing.

Rafael Solana

232

Stories on Research, Research on Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with a group of researchers involved in Participatory Action Research projects on biodiversity and who volunteered to take part in a "storytelling" experiment. Their "stories" were used to describe this new type of research collective comprising various partners, including researchers and managers, focused on obtaining directly…

Petit, Sandrine; Mougenot, Catherine; Fleury, Philippe

2011-01-01

233

Formulating a Research Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial discusses the conceptual development of a research goal, beginning with the formation of a research question. It also explains the links between a research question, specific aims, hypotheses, and long-term research goals.

The Research Assistant (Danya International, Inc.)

2003-08-12

234

Research Overview and Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Research Overview and Analysis report by the USMB's Research Staff provides a comprehensive review and analysis of metric research. As part of this effort, the project reviewed all Board research studies, the General Accounting Office's study, the Nat...

1982-01-01

235

Applied Research Program Search  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Search:? Search Applied Research Search all Division of Cancer Control & Population

236

Fundamentals of quantitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this article is to introduce some important fundamental concepts of quantitative research to readers especially novice researchers. It comprises types of research, definitions of quantitative research, different types and assumptions of quantitative research, when to use and not to use quantitative methods, advantages, common approaches and samples of quantitative research, and common misconceptions. Besides, a set

Suphat Sukamolson

237

Ames Research Center Research and Technology 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report highlights the challenging work accomplished during fiscal year 2000 by Ames research scientists,engineers, and technologists. It discusses research and technologies that enable the Information Age, that expand the frontiers of knowledge for a...

2002-01-01

238

Telerobotic Research at NASA Langley Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of Automation Technology Branch facilities and research is presented. Manipulator research includes dual-arm coordination studies, space manipulator dynamics, end-effector controller development, automatic space structure assembly, and the dev...

N. E. Sliwa

1987-01-01

239

Air Research Program: Near Roadway Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The near roadway research track uses animal and human studies to better understand the associations between roadway proximity and adverse cardiopulmonary and neurological effects. This research will yield animal and human toxicity data in parallel with exposure assessment efforts...

240

Rescission of Executive Stock Options: Theory and Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the ex-ante optimality of rescission of executive stock options while considering the tax effects of new accounting rules associated with this controversial practice. There has been little research conducted on rescission, which was not an issue until 2000 when the stock market plummeted. Rescission may be the least favorable practice from shareholders' ex- post viewpoint. Shareholders, however, will

Jerry T. Yang; Willard T. Carleton

2005-01-01

241

WORLD CUP 2010: SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES AND POLICY CHALLENGES INFORMED BY THE EXPERIENCE OF GERMANY 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an ex post analysis of the financial burden and economic benefits of the World Cup (WC) in Germany 2006. Based on the usual cost-benefit measures, the experience of WC 2006 appears to be in line with existing empirical research on large sporting events and sports stadiums, which have rarely identified significant net economic benefits. The lessons from

WOLFGANG MAENNIG; STAN du PLESSIS

2007-01-01

242

Why did Countries Adopt the Gold Standard? Lessons from Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why did policymakers adopt the gold standard? Although previous research has identified ex post effects of gold standard adoption on trade and bond yields, few studies have sought to understand whether these were the actual outcomes of interest to policymakers at the time of adoption. We examine the political economy of Japan’s adoption of the gold standard in 1897 by

Kris James Mitchener; Masato Shizume; Marc D. Weidenmier

2009-01-01

243

Researching Research in Master's Degrees in Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research dimension of higher education programmes is usually discussed in association with doctoral studies. Against a background of scarce literature investigating research in a Master's degree, this article aims to analyse the place of research in Master's qualifications, first, as envisaged by official European and national documents…

Sin, Cristina

2012-01-01

244

Strategic Research, Postmodern Universities and Research Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The old division of labour between fundamental and applied or problem-oriented research has almost disappeared, and with it, the functional distinctions between universities, public labs and industrial and other private research. Doctoral research training can then also become diversified in terms of its content and its location. Closer analysis of ongoing changes, in particular, the emergence of a regime of

Arie Rip

2004-01-01

245

Teacher as Researcher: Teaching as Lived Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher inquiry can shape empirical inquiries by nonpracticing researchers, by allowing them to draw on the practical knowledge of those in the classroom. This recognition challenged the author to question what legitimized her role as a teacher-researcher and ask how she could have felt empowered as a researcher without higher education. In this…

Binder, Marni

2012-01-01

246

Research to Practice Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses issues in the utilization of research by special educators. It urges researchers to do better research and policymakers to make better choices. Criteria for good research-based procedures are offered. Discussion is organized around common frustrations of special educators, strategies for improving the link of research to…

Kauffman, James M.

1996-01-01

247

Arctic contaminants research program: Research plan  

SciTech Connect

The research plan was initially intended to contain the information needed to evaluate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Arctic Contaminant Research Program (ACRP). The scientific aspects of the proposed research form the main body of the document and focus on objectives of the specific research components, current literature, approach, and rationale. The ACRP has three major components: (1) extensive sampling of lichens, mosses, and soils to provide a spatial understanding of the status and extent of contaminants present in arctic ecosystems, (2) lake sediment research to evaluate the source and history of arctic contaminant inputs, and (3) food web research to evaluate the possible effects of atmospherically transported pollutants on arctic food webs. The research plan will be used to provide a framework for the ACRP, based on the preliminary studies done to date and will be implemented over the next five years. The Program will undergo additional peer reviews at two-year intervals in the future.

Landers, D.H.; Ford, J.; Allen, S.; Curtis, L.; Omernik, J.M.

1992-12-01

248

WILDLIFE RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

This document describes a strategy for conducting wildlife effects research within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL). The NHEEL wildlife research strategy is designed to address critical researc...

249

2004 Research Highlights  

Cancer.gov

Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this.

250

WASTE RESEARCH STRATEGY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Waste Research Strategy covers research necessary to support both the proper management of solid and hazardous wastes and the effective remediation of contaminated waste sites. This research includes improving the assessment of existing environmental risks, as well as develop...

251

About the Research Group  

Cancer.gov

About the Research Group Mission Designs, develops, implements, and monitors chemoprevention research efforts in the areas of lung and head and neck cancers. Implements research through clinical trials screening, testing, and validating new technologies

252

Research in Nursing Practice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the advent of Sputnik, research in all fields of endeavor has been receiving international attention, and nursing is no exception with phenomenal growth of research. The general articles on research appearing in our literature, the recent numbers of...

P. J. Verhonick

1966-01-01

253

Research Abstracts of 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These abstracts are a synopsis of research reported in 1978 at various scientific meetings by the scientific staff of the Naval Dental Research Institute and collaborators from other research activities. (Author)

1978-01-01

254

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the funded work was to establish the NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) whose mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation- related basic and applied neuroscience research. Funding supported the development of research studies in th...

A. Dromerick

2008-01-01

255

Research in Nursing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Reviews the definition and purpose of research. Demonstrates the 16 major steps involved in the research process by using the hypothetical research study. Includes question and answer session. Primary audience: nurses.

1994-01-01

256

2011 Summer Student Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multiple student research abstracts are included for summer 2011. All students presented their research results as posters or orals in the Undergraduate Research Summer Institute at Benedict College. Arianna Gladney won the second prize in oral competitio...

A. Gladney A. Lucas B. Fleming C. Qin J. Deputy

2012-01-01

257

Nutrition Research Alternatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The assessment is an analysis of nutrition research alternatives -- alternative goals and priorities, alternative definitions and funding, and alternative research personnel requirements. Its principal finding is that Federal human nutrition research prog...

1978-01-01

258

Pictorial Research in 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography lists research articles on selected pictorial research appearing in the 1974-76 volumes of about 50 journals in psychology, and communications. Most articles report research in which pictorial materials were used as experimental stimuli....

W. H. Levie

1977-01-01

259

Image Processing Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research program, Image Processing Research, has as its primary purpose the analysis and development of techniques and systems for efficiently generating, processing, transmitting, and displaying visual images and two dimensional data arrays. Research...

W. K. Pratt

1975-01-01

260

Accelerating Translational Research  

Cancer.gov

Accelerating Translational Research Coordinating and facilitating translational research initiatives across the NCI and the cancer research community. NCI Translational Science Meetings NCI Translates - July 28-29, 2011 NCI Translates - 2009 NCI Translates

261

Researcher Web Site Features  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Home Automated Self-administered 24-hour Dietary Recall (ASA24™) Researcher Web Site Overview Features System Requirements Researcher

262

Research on Catalysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives and philosophy of the Catalysis Laboratory at Brigham Young University are discussed. Also discusses recent and current research activities at the laboratory as well as educational opportunities, research facilities, and sources of research support. (JN)

Bartholomew, Calvin H.; Hecker, William C.

1984-01-01

263

Nano Research Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nano Research is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Submissions are solicited in all topical areas, ranging from basic aspects of the science of nanoscale materials to practical applications of such materials. Nano Research is an open-access journal, making all research results freely available online.Nano Research offers readers an attractive mix of authoritative and comprehensive Reviews, original cutting-edge research in Communication and Full Paper formats. Rapid review to ensure quick publication is a key feature of Nano Research.Articles in Nano Research are accessible free of charge in 2008 and 2009.

2010-10-13

264

Research Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of case studies, developed to enhance a Trinity College Summer Research Program, raises provocative ethical questions of interest to scientists, teachers and students involved in research.

Alison J. Draper (Trinity College;); Sharon Stickley (St. Joseph College;)

2010-05-28

265

Vicissitudes of Rehabilitation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topics of adopting ideas from related fields, initiating a "scientific revolution," using new statistical methodologies, and employing research consultation are discussed regarding rehabilitation research. (Author)

Parker, Randall M.

1986-01-01

266

Research Divisions and Investigators  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Therapeutic Biological Research Divisions and Investigators Research Projects. Office of Biotechnology Products. Division of Monoclonal Antibodies ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/howdrugsaredevelopedandapproved

267

Western Conifers Research Cooperative 1987 research plan  

SciTech Connect

The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within four research Cooperatives. The Western Cooperative is concerned with the effects of atmospheric deposition on coniferous forests in the eleven conterminous western states. The 1987 Research Plan first outlines the objectives and research strategy of the FRP. The objectives and strategy of the Western Cooperative are then described in the context of the parent organization. The 1986 Western Cooperative program is reviewed followed by a description of the 1987 program. Brief descriptions of each of the individual 1987 research projects are also given.

Olson, R.K.

1987-08-01

268

Tall Timbers Research Station: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tall Timbers Research Station works to foster land stewardship through its research, conservation, and education efforts. Located in Tallahassee, Florida, the Tall Timbers Station conducts research in the areas of Fire Ecology, Resource Management, Vertebrate Ecology, Forestry, and Northern Bobwhite Quail studies. The Station's website contains overviews of its five major research programs and offers information regarding research jobs and internships. Tall Timbers also provides downloadable copies of its _Research Notes_ publication, and lists a variety of staff publications (some of which are downloadable). In addition, Tall Timbers features the E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database (reported on in the Scout Report for Science & Engineering, January 6, 1999) which contains approximately 15,000 citations, and 6,000 abstracts.

269

[Participative research and health researcher's ethical formation].  

PubMed

The present article discusses Ethics concept as dwell and way of dwelling, aiming to articulate it with some elements of participative research from an ethnographic matrix. Mainly, it focuses the idea of the ethical subject's autonomy, associating it with self-reflection and alterity in ethnography. Yet, it approaches the participative research in an ethnographic perspective as a praxis that induces to health researcher's ethical formation. PMID:18813555

Schmidt, Maria Luisa Sandoval

270

Research leadership as entrepreneurial organizing for research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses research leadership in public universities under change and the role of entrepreneurial strategies in\\u000a research. Research leadership function today in situations where the New Public Management movement one the one hand have\\u000a introduced management by accountability and control in the university while on the other hand open boundaries to other knowledge\\u000a organizations, arenas and networks, and creation

Finn Hansson; Mette Mønsted

2008-01-01

271

Internet Research News/ ResearchBuzz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A companion site to the book Official Netscape Guide to Internet Research (2nd edition), this current awareness resource features a selection of Internet finds on a variety of topics, with a primary focus on tools for research and more efficient searching online. Updated several times a week, the site and its weekly email newsletter, ResearchBuzz, are maintained by Tara Calishain, the book's co-author. Additional resources at the site include a periodic series of articles on Internet research, Quick Tips for searching online, and an internal search engine.

272

National Environmental Research Parks  

SciTech Connect

The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.

Not Available

1994-07-01

273

Well-Being Is a Process of Becoming: Respondent-Led Research with Organic Farmers in Madagascar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Malagasy "players"--farmers, middle men, organic organisations and policy makers--see in export-orientated organic agriculture a way for Madagascar to build upon its historic export strengths: spices, essential oils, medicinal plants and tropical fruits. They point to the "de facto" organic status of most farming in the country and view organic…

Farnworth, Cathy Rozel

2009-01-01

274

POLANDS EXPERIENCE WITH FLOATING - HOW GOOD AN OPTION? (to be presented at the CEPR\\/Deutsche Bank Research Workshop \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paper presents first the evolution of the exchange rate regime in Poland and various approaches to classify both de jure and de facto regime in the 1990s and 2000s. There is no agreement in this regard in the literature, so I propose my own classification based on both simple quantitative indicators and qualitative assessment. This shows that Poland has been

Ryszard Kokoszczynski

275

Well-Being Is a Process of Becoming: Respondent-Led Research with Organic Farmers in Madagascar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Malagasy "players"--farmers, middle men, organic organisations and policy makers--see in export-orientated organic agriculture a way for Madagascar to build upon its historic export strengths: spices, essential oils, medicinal plants and tropical fruits. They point to the "de facto" organic status of most farming in the country and view organic…

Farnworth, Cathy Rozel

2009-01-01

276

What Is Undergraduate Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Council on Undergraduate Research promotes and assists development of collaborative student\\/faculty research at primarily undergraduate colleges and universities. Most science educators today accept such research as a critical component of an undergraduate science education. Research provides the primary opportunity for students to engage in the practice of science. We can draw an analogy between sports training and the education

Judith A. Halstead

1997-01-01

277

Community Research Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Techniques of sociological research--defined as the assembly, organization and interpretation of facts that help explain human activity--are described in this guide to community research strategies. In Part I of the booklet some basic aspects of research are examined, illustrating procedures of stating and examining a research problem. The scope…

Danzinger, Carl

278

Smart home research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a survey for smart home research, from definition to current research status. First we give a definition to smart home, and then describe the smart home elements, typical research projects, smart home networks research status, smart home appliances and challenges at last.

Li Jiang; Da-You Liu; Bo Yang

2004-01-01

279

Research Messages 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research messages 2011" is a collection of summaries of research projects published by National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) in 2011. The publication also has an overview essay that captures the themes and highlights from the research for the year, including: (1) the initial education and training of young people and their…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

280

Research Highlights, 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research Highlights" is an annual publication documenting developments in the Australian Council for Educational Research's (ACER's) research programs for the previous year. The 2003 edition highlights research on the following themes: (1) Australian students excel in international study; (2) Assessing the moral and ethical outcomes of…

ACER Press (Australian Council for Educational Research), 2003

2003-01-01

281

Research Highlights, 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Highlights" is an annual publication documenting developments in the Australian Council for Educational Research's (ACER's) research programs for the previous year. The 2003 edition highlights research on the following themes: (1) Australian students excel in international study; (2) Assessing the moral and ethical outcomes of schooling;…

ACER Press (Australian Council for Educational Research), 2003

2003-01-01

282

Research in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research in the Schools" publishes empirical studies focusing on the results of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research, descriptions of technology applications and innovative teaching strategies, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 contains these articles: (1) "Factors Associated with…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2001-01-01

283

Clinical science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical science research incorporates the fields of clinical investigation and health services research. With a focus on the use of either human specimens or subjects, clinical investigation research projects translate knowledge gained from basic science research based on animal models for disease. The goal of clinical investigation is to develop new prevention, intervention, and therapeutic approaches to improve patient clinical

Frederick L. Grover; A. Laurie Shroyer

2000-01-01

284

Research Messages 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research messages 2010 is a collection of summaries of research projects published by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER). The summaries are clustered under five broad themes used by NCVER to organise its research and analysis: Industry and employers; Students and individuals; Teaching and learning: VET system; and VET…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011

2011-01-01

285

Nanotechnology Research Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site has a list of links to various nano research labs. The first section of links includes academic, government and corporate labs, which do research but do not make their facilities available to outside researchers. The second set of links includes labs that accept outside researchers, such as the National Institute of Standards.

2013-07-12

286

The University and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the university's participation in scientific research, the author discusses the nature of that research at universities in Eastern and Western Europe and the USSR. In particular the university's research prioities, its coordination with outside research, its financing, and its staff workload are analyzed. (JH)

Matveev, A. N.

1973-01-01

287

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS, 1980  

EPA Science Inventory

This document describes accomplishments made by the Office of Research and Development in 1980. It also illustrates how the Office of Research and Development's research helps people--helps to keep them healthy and to be more productive. Research areas covered in this year's High...

288

Doing Educational Research: An Action Research Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An American teaching anesthesiology in Tanzania sought help from a member of the host culture in order to grasp cultural meanings underpinning medical education practices, using action research to develop and refine research methods and solve problems related to the need to accommodate culturally diverse students' learning needs. (SM)|

Otto, Alice; Nkanga, S.

1995-01-01

289

WESTERN CONIFERS RESEARCH COOPERATIVE 1987 RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Western Conifers Research Cooperative is part of the national Forest Response Program (FRP). The FRP is a federal program designed to determine the current and potential effects of atmospheric deposition on forests in the United States. Research is conducted regionally within...

290

Researching the Individual in Workplace Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researching how people are educated for practice has often been seen as problematic. We recommend qualitative approaches that draw on hermeneutic phenomenology and narrative inquiry. It is our intention to outline approaches that we believe can be used in an emerging research agenda. We begin by examining assumptions underlying much workplace…

Loftus, Stephen; Higgs, Joy

2010-01-01

291

Researcher Risk Perception in Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Throughout history human subject research has been plagued by researchers whose studies were riddled with danger and/or risk to their subjects. Indeed, one may cite numerous situations where human subjects were injured and/or killed in experiments that were designed with no thought or anticipation of risk to the subjects. As a result, the federal…

Wells, Cris

2010-01-01

292

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

Cox, Rebecca D.

2012-01-01

293

Storytelling as Research/Research as Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If story is central to human meaning why, in the research world, is there not more storytelling? Walter Benjamin (1973) noted that, "a story is different. It does not expend itself. It preserves and concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it even after a long time" (p. 90). How might research not expend itself, but preserve and…

Lewis, Patrick J.

2011-01-01

294

Action Research and Participatory Research: An Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we outline the main elements concerning the evolution of action research and participatory research that we have come across in the last decades. These concepts have come closer together along the years, and have become a strong methodological alternative, especially in people-driven projects. They have gained ground in the scientific world, in the fields of social science,

Michel Thiollent

2011-01-01

295

Organic Farming Research Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the Organic Farming Research Foundation, an organization "dedicated to promoting organic farming through funding of on-farm research and dissemination of the results." OFRF offers grants and technical support to researchers, farmers, and students interested in developing and conducting organic farming studies. The website's Grantmaking and Research section includes guidelines for applying for OFRF Grants, a guide to conducting on-farm research, PDF files for OFRF-funded research reports, and more. The OFRF site links to a short list of publications, policy news and updates, special events, and press releases and clippings. The site also links to information about the Scientific Congress on Organic Agricultural Research.

296

Pakistan Agricultural Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) works at the highest national level to coordinate and support research being conducted at universities, provincial institutions, and federal institutions. The four main PARC research divisions are: Crop Sciences, Natural Resources, Animal Sciences, and Social Sciences. The PARC website contains summary information about these main research areas, as well as information about a variety of crops, research staff, publications, and more. From the PARC site, visitors can also learn about regional research efforts by linking to one the seven major PARC centers including the Sugar Crops Research Institute in Thatta; the National Agricultural Research Centre in Islamabad; the Himalayan Agricultural Research Institute in Kaghan, and the Arid Zone Research Centre in Quetta. Various databases are also available including Plant Genetic Resources with over 15,000 records searchable by species and/or genus; and Pakistan Agriculture--a bibliographic database with more than 32,000 records regarding agriculture in Pakistan.

297

Research collaboration in health management research communities  

PubMed Central

Background This study uses scientometrics methodology to reveal the status quo and emerging issues of collaboration in health management. Methods We searched all the articles with the keyword “health management” in the period 1999–2011 in Web of Knowledge, then 3067 articles were found. Methods such as Social network analysis (SNA), co-authorship, co-word analysis were used in this study. Results Analysis of the past 13 years of research in the field of health management indicates that, whether the production of scientific research, or authors, institutions and scientific research collaboration at the national level, collaboration behavior has been growing steadily across all collaboration types. However, the international scientific research cooperation about health management study between countries needs to be further encouraged. 17 researchers can be seen as the academic leaders in this field. 37 research institutions play a vital role in the information dissemination and resources control in health management. The component analysis found that 22 research groups can be regarded as the backbone in this field. The 8 institution groups consisting of 33 institutions form the core of this field. USA, UK and Australia lie in the center by cohesive subgroup analysis; Based on keywords analysis, 44 keywords with high frequency such as care, disease, system and model were involved in the health management field. Conclusions This study demonstrates that although it is growing steadily, collaboration behavior about health management study needs to be enhanced, especially between different institutions or countries/regions, which would promote the progress and internationalization of health management. Besides, researchers should pay attention to the cooperation of representative scholars and institutions, as well as the hot areas of research, because their experience would help us promote the research development of our nation.

2013-01-01

298

The De-Facto Privatization of Secondary Education in Egypt: A Study of Private Tutoring in Technical and General Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most secondary school students in Egypt enrol in private tutoring in almost all subjects throughout the school year. A large proportion of students have stopped attending school altogether due to their reliance on tutoring. This study of how educational markets are perpetuated at school level finds that in the technical track catering to the…

Sobhy, Hania

2012-01-01

299

Oral Societies and Colonial Experiences: Sub-Saharan Africa and the "de-facto" Power of the Written Word  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pre-colonial traditional societies in Sub-Saharan Africa were mostly oral societies whose languages were not written. In the African context, especially, it was clear that the mostly oral traditions of these societies' languages were neither being appreciated nor promoted as media of communication, or means of education by the invading Europeans.…

Abdi, Ali A.

2007-01-01

300

The De Facto National Curriculum in Elementary Social Studies: Critique of a Representative Sample. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite scholarly disagreement about the nature and purposes of social studies education, the most widely adopted elementary social studies textbook series tend to be remarkably uniform, consisting of compendia of facts organized within the expanding communities curriculum structure. Content selection and explication tend to be guided primarily by…

Brophy, Jere

301

Emerging De Facto Agendas Surrounding Nanotechnology: Two Cases Full of Contingencies, Lock-outs, and Lock-ins  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In a number of ways, the development of nanoscience and nanotechnologies is more reflexive than was the case for earlier new\\u000a and emerging sciences and technologies. One indication is the common reference to the so-called impasse around (green) biotechnology,\\u000a and how to avoid a similar impasse (For an example, see Colvin 2003; for an analysis in terms of folk theories,

Arie Rip; Marloes Van Amerom

302

On the Comfort of the Wilderness: The Significance of Lord Andrew Adonis, De Facto Secretary of State for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here Francis Beckett, formerly Education Correspondent of the New Statesman and long-time member of the Labour Party "Comprehensive Futures" group set up to further the cause of non-selective schools for all children reflects on the prospects for radical state education in New Labour's third term. He argues that with Andrew Adonis made a lord to…

Beckett, Francis

2005-01-01

303

On the Comfort of the Wilderness: The Significance of Lord Andrew Adonis, De Facto Secretary of State for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Here Francis Beckett, formerly Education Correspondent of the New Statesman and long-time member of the Labour Party "Comprehensive Futures" group set up to further the cause of non-selective schools for all children reflects on the prospects for radical state education in New Labour's third term. He argues that with Andrew Adonis made a lord to…

Beckett, Francis

2005-01-01

304

Agent-based Artificial Market Model 3\\/4 The Case Study of DeFacto Standard on VCR Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the agent-based artificial market model is proposed as a simple model to describe the society as a multi-agent system. We examine the case study of competition on the standardization of video cassette recorders (VCR). In this case the compatibility of the video software is definitely important to choose the VCR. The simulation result shows that the communications

Takashi Iba; Heizo Takenaka; Yoshiyasu Takefuji

1998-01-01

305

What predicts retention on an in-prison drug treatment program?  

PubMed

The effectiveness of treatments for substance use disorders is strongly related to retention, since early dropout from treatment is associated with greater likelihood of relapse. The purpose of this prospective, ex post facto study is to analyze the effect of individual variables on retention in a treatment program carried out in a prison drug-free unit. The Addiction Severity Index, motivation and personality profile of fifty inmates were assessed on entry to the prison. Inmates were monitored for a year to identify length of stay. Results: Motivation variables at intake play a vital role in the prediction of retention in a prison drug-free unit; scores on the Aggressive-Sadistic and Narcissistic scales are also strong predictors of treatment retention. PMID:23156938

Casares-López, María José; González-Menéndez, Ana; Fernández, Paula; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Fernández-Hermida, José Ramón

2012-11-01

306

Impact of a standardized test package on exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN outcomes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this ex post facto correlational study was to compare exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN(®) pass rates of baccalaureate nursing students who differed in level of participation in a standardized test package. Three cohort groups emerged as a standardized test package was introduced: (a) students who did not participate in a standardized test package; (b) students with two semesters of a standardized test package; and (c) students with four semesters of a standardized test package. Benner's novice-to-expert theory framed the study in the belief that students best acquire knowledge and skills through practice and reflection. Students participating in four semesters of a standardized test package demonstrated higher exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN pass rates compared with students who did not participate in this package. This study's results could inform nurse educators about strategies to facilitate nursing student success on exit examinations and the NCLEX-RN. PMID:23413805

Homard, Catherine M

2013-02-19

307

Sex reassignment surgery: a study of 141 Dutch transsexuals.  

PubMed

This is an evaluation of the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery on 36 female-to-male transsexuals and 105 male-to-female transsexuals in the Netherlands. Data were collected by means of structured interviews. The evaluation was made on the basis of subjective data only, that is on what the persons themselves reported on their gender identity, gender role, and physical condition. Allowing for the restrictive methodology of the (ex post facto) study, it is concluded that there is no reason to doubt the therapeutic effect of sex reassignment surgery. No specific differences were found between those who were still in medical treatment and those who had completed treatment. The findings obtained in the female-to-male transsexuals compare favorably with those obtained in male-to-female transsexuals. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that more attention ought to be paid to psychosocial guidance in addition to medical guidance. PMID:3219066

Kuiper, B; Cohen-Kettenis, P

1988-10-01

308

A theory of requirements definition in engineering design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional requirements-definition activities begin with the engineer or design team performing a needs-analysis to identify user requirements. Needs-analysis is generally subjective, and varies according to the composition and experience of the design team. Systematic procedures for defining and ranking requirements are necessary to consolidate the foundation on which the design process is predicated, and to enhance its outcome by providing the designer with a consistent, reliable approach to product development. As a first step towards developing such procedures, research was conducted at Stanford University using empirical data from a NASA spaceflight experiment that flew aboard Space Shuttle mission STS-90 (April 1998). This research was accomplished using ex post facto data analysis. This researcher served in the central role of Experiment Manager for the spaceflight experiment, and acted as a participant-observer while conducting formal research. To better understand requirement structure and evolution, individual requirements were decomposed using AND/OR graphs. The AND/OR graph data structure illustrates requirements evolution, and reveals that the original requirement is often met by fulfilling a series of sub-requirements that are easier to implement. Early in the product life cycle, many hundreds of potential needs were identified; however, it was a smaller subset of these initial needs that were realized in the final product. Based on analysis of a large group of requirements, it was observed that two critical components for any individual requirement were: (1) a stated need, and (2) an advocate to implement the need. Identification of need, or needs-analysis, although a necessary condition, is insufficient to ensure that a stated need evolves into a formal requirement. Equally important to the concept of requirements-definition is the notion of advocacy. Early in the product development cycle of the of the NASA experiment, many potential needs were identified; however, it was only through need-advocate pairing that a stated need became a requirement. Empirical data revealed that when needs were accompanied by strong advocates, they became clear requirements. Conversely, needs without advocates did not become requirements. Hence, need-advocate pairing is useful for predicting needs which will become requirements, and more importantly, needs at risk of not becoming requirements.

Eodice, Michael Thomas

2000-10-01

309

National Microelectronics Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ireland's National Microelectronics Research Center (NMRC) at the University College, Cork, conducts research on information and communications technologies. The organization identifies and addresses "key emerging technological challenges" and focuses on "the development of core technology competencies that will yield technology platforms for future high impact innovation and commercial exploitation." Research themes include microtechnologies, photonics, nanotechnology and research at the ICT/Bio interface. Images and short descriptions provide some background information on these themes, while more detailed research findings can be found on the individual research group websites. Some sections of the website were still being developed at the time of this report.

310

CSIRO Marine Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offered by Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), CSIRO Marine Research Web site contains multiple levels of valuable information. The organization's mission is to "understand its oceans by conducting research in the sustainable use of Australia's marine resources, the ocean's role in climate, and the effective conservation of the marine ecosystem integrity." Visitors will find current news articles, research material including free modeling software, and various data and related products such as remote sensing information and publications. The strength of the site lies in the adaptability of its offerings to research and researchers around the world.

1998-01-01

311

Research Training in Biopsychosocial Breast Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes activities and accomplishments during the second year of a 4 year training program in biopsychosocial breast cancer research. Three new trainees: (1) postdoctoral; and (2) predoctoral were appointed to the training program in July, ...

M. A. Andrykowski

2001-01-01

312

Undergraduate Research at the Research Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores four higher education institutions (Rutgers University, the University of Washington, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the California Institute of Technology) and their histories of developing a culture of undergraduate research. (EV)|

Merkel, Carolyn Ash

2003-01-01

313

Water Environment Research Foundation research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) is a not- for-profit organization established in 1989 to advance the science and technology of a broad spectrum of environmental and human health concerns to the wastewater industry and the public. It is a unique public/private partnership between utilities, academia, government, and industry, committed to funding research by leveraging resources and expertise to develop and disseminate sound scientific and technological information. Funded by subscribers, grants and contributions, WERF manages a broad array of research projects aimed at protecting human health and the environment. While WERF funds and manages projects, the actual research is carried out by individual organizations or teams composed of utilities, consultants, universities, and industrial or commercial firms. Examples of WERF's current research program include the investigation of on- line monitoring techniques for microbial and chemical contaminants in water and wastewater, optimization of processes for pathogen removal and inactivation, improved treatment of toxic compounds, and assessing the potential risks to public health from exposure to these microbial and chemical contaminants. This paper will provide an overview of the program, research funded to date, and technology needs for the future.

Noss, Charles I.

2002-02-01

314

[Discussion paper participation research].  

PubMed

This contribution introduces the "Diskussionspapier Teilhabeforschung" (discussion paper participation research) of the German Association for Rehabilitation (DVfR) and German Society for Rehabilitation Science (DGRW). The aim of this paper is to more clearly define current scientific research activity on the subject of participation and the significance of interdisciplinary participation research. The authors emphasise the desirability of a stronger scientific basis for instruments designed to improve the participation of disabled individuals. The paper is meant to be understood as an initial basis for the discussion about participation research development, and the authors are open to suggestions and elaboration.Participation research is understood in this discussion paper as an interdisciplinary research field with 7 goals and characteristics: 1. focussing on participation and self-determination; 2. contextual approach (taking environmental and personal factors into consideration that affect participation); 3. the participation of disabled persons in participation research; 4. interdisciplinary cooperation; 5. involving organisations and institutions whose approaches to participation research overlap; 6. referring to social and healthcare policies; 7. national and international orientations.The authors discuss the rationale behind increasing the support for participation research and theoretical models thereof. Fundamental concepts with high relevance to participation research include the biopsychosocial model of the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health (ICF), the inclusion concept, empowerment concept, and capabilities concept. The authors conclude their paper with recommendations for strengthening the research funding for participation research, and specify concrete steps toward greater participation research. PMID:23235948

Farin, Erik

2012-12-12

315

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... The MMRC Funded Grants For Academic Researchers For Industry CoMMpass ? Study Genomics Initiative Ways to Donate Join ... Myeloma Research Foundation Big Data + Open Access + Worldwide Networks = Cures Speak to a Nurse Contact Us Welcome ...

316

Assistive Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge

2004-01-01

317

RESEARCH OUTLOOK, 1981  

EPA Science Inventory

Research Outlook 1981 is the sixth in a series of EPA annual reports mandated by Congress. It describes the research currently performed and the program that is expected to be implemented over the next five years....

318

Undergraduate Marine Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science and nonscience majors work together in a remote field setting on authentic marine research projects supervised by faculty from multiple disciplines and institutions. In the process, they learn science by doing science, gain research and logistical

Greengrove, Cheryl; Secord, David

2003-02-01

319

Fragile X Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... cause of autism. Learn more ... You Can Help Us! Help FRAXA raise money for research by hosting ... Researchers Get Involved Shop Ways to Give Contact Us Name * * Please enter your name Email * * Please enter ...

320

Photovoltaic System Research Status.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After a decade of photovoltaic system research, most system related issues have been successfully resolved. Current system research activities are now oriented toward maintaining and updating the comprehensive database on system performance established by...

H. N. Post G. J. Jones M. G. Thomas

1989-01-01

321

Research Apprenticeship Project  

NASA Website

[Students Higher Education] [Available: CA] The apprenticeship project is intended to follow previous Jet Propulsion Laboratory research experiences. Students are employed by their college under work-study programs to do continuing research in Earth, ...

322

Template: Organizing Research Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template provides directions for creating a tool for organizing research using a manila folder and library card pockets. Teachers can use these directions to help their students create folders to be used in the research process.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

323

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LABORATORY - CORVALLIS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Research Laboratory - Corvallis is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's - national research center for terrestrial and watershed ecology, aquatic ecoregions, and for the ecological effects of climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, and atmospheric p...

324

Prioritization of Roadmap Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following the development of a roadmap or plan (Phase I of this Project) for systematically targeting research efforts at the most critical issues involving the Navy civilian workforce, the research areas designated in that roadmap were prioritized. The r...

S. F. Wooley G. M. Croan

1984-01-01

325

Annual Research Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the clinical and laboratory activities of the US Army Institute of Surgical Research during fiscal year 1976. These activities include patient care, clinical investigation and laboratory research in the areas of (1) burn injury, (2) ...

1976-01-01

326

ARSENIC RESEARCH AT GWERD  

EPA Science Inventory

Abstract - The presentation will summarize the arsenic research program at the Ground Water & Ecosystems Restoration Division of the National Risk Management Research Laboratory of USEPA. Topics include use of permeable reactive barriers for in situ arsenic remediation in ground...

327

Games for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives a number of examples of the uses of business games for research into behavioral and organizational issues. The requirements and advantages of using games for research purposes are outlined. (SK)

Fripp, John

1984-01-01

328

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation- related basic and applied neuroscience research. As part of this mission, the NRC: (1) develops new clinical interventions for patients with neurologically bas...

E. B. Healton

2004-01-01

329

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation-related basic and applied neuroscience research. As part of this mission, the NRC: (1) Develops new clinical interventions for patients with neurologically base...

E. B. Healton

2005-01-01

330

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation-related basic and applied neuroscience research. AS part of this mission, the NRC: (1) develops new clinical interventions for patients with neurologically base...

A. W. Dromerick E. Healton

2006-01-01

331

Annual Research Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Basic Research in Support of Military Medicine -- Studies of Performance Physiology, Molecular Biochemistry, Studies in Lipids, Nutrition and Metabolism. Mineral Metabolism, and Haemopoietic Matabolism; Research in Biomedical Sciences -- Experim...

1967-01-01

332

Military Suicide Research Consortium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second year of the MSRC included funding ten research projects, supporting three postdoctoral pilot grants, and offering a $2000 dissertation award to expert and future leaders in the field of military suicide research. The Denver staff continues to c...

P. M. Gutierrez

2012-01-01

333

Research and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report highlights the challenging work accomplished during fiscal year 1997 by Ames research scientists, engineers, and technologists, It discusses research and technologies that enable the Information Age, that expand the frontiers of knowledge for ...

1998-01-01

334

Research and Technology 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report highlights the challenging work accomplished during fiscal year 1998 by Ames research scientists, engineers, and technologists. It discusses research and technologies that enable the Information Age, that expand the frontiers of knowledge for ...

1991-01-01

335

Research and Technology 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report highlights the challenging work accomplished during fiscal year 1996 by Ames research scientists, engineers, and technologists. It discusses research and technologies that enable the Information Age, that expand the frontiers of knowledge for ...

1997-01-01

336

Research and Technology 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report highlights the research accomplished during fiscal year 7 999 by Ames Research Center scientists and engineers. The work is divided into accomplishments that support four of NASA s Strategic Enterprises: Aero-Space Technology, Space Science, E...

2000-01-01

337

Annual Research Briefs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains the 1997 annual progress reports of the research fellows and students supported by the Center for Turbulence Research (CTR). Titles include: Invariant modeling in large-eddy simulation of turbulence; Validation of large-eddy simulatio...

D. Spinks

1997-01-01

338

Breast Cancer Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP) was born in 1992 from a powerful grassroots effort led by the breast cancer advocacy community that resulted in a congressional appropriation of funds for breast cancer research....

2010-01-01

339

Assistive Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge

2002-01-01

340

Assistive Technology Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Assistive Technology Research Center, ATRC, is comprised of a set of interrelated research and development projects which apply modern technologies, in particular those which have been exploited in the military, to the practice of medical rehabilitati...

J. Toerge M. Rosen J. Bleiberg

2003-01-01

341

Solid State Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 November 1993 through 31 January 1994. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer ...

A. McWhorter

1994-01-01

342

Health Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Publishing original, refereed papers, Health Education Research deals with all the vital issues involved in health education and promotion worldwide - providing a valuable link between the researcher and the results obtained by practising health educators and communicators."

343

Research and Scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses research and scholarship, which are key responsibilities of both academics and higher education institutions.\\u000a It attempts to define the characteristics of research and scholarship and their place in higher education systems and institutions,\\u000a and considers the research role of universities and the differing commitment of universities to research activity. Other topics\\u000a covered include the role of the

Grant Harman

344

Telemetering and telecommunications research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New Mexico State University (NMSU) Center for Space Telemetering and Telecommunications systems is engaged in advanced communications systems research. Four areas of study that are being sponsored concern investigations into the use of trellis-coded modulation (TCM). In particular, two areas concentrate on carrier synchronization research in TCM M-ary phase shift key (MPSK) systems. A third research topic is the study of interference effects on TCM, while the fourth research area is in the field of concatenated TCM systems.

Osborne, William; Paz, Robert; Ross, Michael; Kopp, Brian; Ashley, Norm

345

Mind mapping research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mind maps represent the authors’ concept of research methods at this time. The major aspects, rather than a complete picture,\\u000a of research methods are illustrated in seven distinct areas: research problem, research design, sampling techniques, ethical\\u000a matters, data collection, data analysis, and report findings. Brief descriptions explain the mind maps and why items were\\u000a placed in certain areas where

Michael Crowe; Lorraine Sheppard

2012-01-01

346

Critique of Research Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces the issue of articles on research assessments and rankings. It focuses on the British Research Assessment Exercises (RAEs) and New Zealand's Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF). It contrasts these with systems that are not tied to funding formulas and emphasise quality enhancement rather than quality assurance. It…

Currie, Jan

2008-01-01

347

Research & Nursing: Ethical Reflections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is questionable whether research funding goals are truly driven by the most pressing societal problems. Women are not systematically included in studies where the results would have benefited them. Nurses should include women as appropriate in their research and influence organizations to maintain nonsexist research agendas. (JOW)

Pinch, Winifred J.

1996-01-01

348

Research Focus. Section II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

349

Writing a Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The value of research and the career of a university lecturer depend heavily on the success in publishing scientific papers. This article reviews the guidelines for writing and submitting research papers. The three most important success criteria in publishing are as follows: the paper describes a good research, it is written according to the…

Mikk, Jaan

2006-01-01

350

Research Application Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast two types of scholarly article designs, quantitative and qualitative, as to how two research designs can be similar and different, and how the authors conduct their research and present their results. When researching and analyzing two scholarly articles of different design types, it is…

Baskas, Richard S.

2011-01-01

351

Encouraging Student Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author wanted help in learning how to be more effective at supporting his students to learn how to conduct effective research so he interviewed several historians, artists, and educators about the ways in which they carry out their research, and how those researchers who are currently in classrooms help their students to learn and develop…

Selwyn, Douglas

2011-01-01

352

Writing a research paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to help those embarking on research to communicate effectively through writing, and to improve their chances of getting a paper published. The quality of a paper's researchcontent is judged by originality, importance and scientific validity. Advice should be sought on a project's potential for high-quality research content before taking up the research. When readers

Malcolm Chiswick

2002-01-01

353

Refocusing Undergraduate Research Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

While acknowledging the consumer\\/producer debate prevalant within the teaching of social work research literature, this paper accepts each goal as appropriate for undergraduate research. The paper focuses therefore not on the debate but rather on the task of teaching udnergraduates how to be both consumers and producers of research as necessary correlates of entry level practice and preparation for graduate

Elizabeth M. Plionis

1993-01-01

354

Research in Secondary Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summers' annotated bibliographies of secondary reading (1963, 1964), "Review of Educational Research,""Journal of Reading," ERIC/CRIER, and "Research in Education" are listed as resources for all phases of reading. A shifting of trends in the nature and scope of research topics in secondary reading is noted, with diagnosis and treatment,…

Kling, Martin

355

Research Methods in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research Methods in Education" introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves…

Check, Joseph; Schutt, Russell K.

2011-01-01

356

Participate in Research Programs  

MedlinePLUS

Alpha-1 Foundation Research Registry The Alpha-1 Foundation Research Registry at the Medical University of South Carolina is a confidential database of ... of South Carolina. Are you enrolled in the Research Registry? Many Alphas and carriers believe they’re ...

357

Research shortcomings in housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2008 Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Research Symposium was devoted to housing. Entitled ‘Space at Home’ and aiming to present the latest research for practising architects, it was extremely well attended, particularly by practitioners, and the programme interspersed contributions from housing researchers in industry and academia with ‘show and tell’ presentations by distinguished architects from the UK and

Mark Swenarton

2009-01-01

358

Introduction: intimacy in research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction to this special issue addresses the production of intimacy in the labour of research. It explores the sensory, emotional and affective relations which form an integral, if often invisible, part of the process through which researchers engage with, produce, understand and translate `research'. The article argues that these processes inform the making of knowledge, shape power relations and

Mariam Fraser; Nirmal Puwar

2008-01-01

359

Researching Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers methodological issues that arise when values form the main focus of empirical educational research. Includes discussion of the idea that social science, in general, and educational research, in particular, are forms of moral inquiry. Outlines a methodology of educational research, drawing from work by Imre Lakatos, Alasdair MacIntyre,…

Halliday, John

2002-01-01

360

Encouraging Student Biological Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication encourages student involvement in biological research through student research with the cooperation of teachers and scientists. The contents of the book are divided into two sections. The first section introduces students to research investigations and includes: (1) "How the Investigations Are Set Up and the Rationale Behind…

Frame, Kathy, Ed.; Hays, Rachel, Ed.; Mack, Alison, Ed.

361

Research Notes, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the two 2000 issues of a semiannual newsletter that provides current information and research on leadership and administrative issues in early childhood education. The Fall 2000 issue discusses the use of research to promote sound policy and practice in early care and education, focusing on the implications of research in…

Research Notes, 2000

2000-01-01

362

2005 RESEARCH UPDATE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

New results from research conducted at Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory between 2003 and May 2005 are reported along with a list of publications produced by the laboratory's scientists during the same period. Papers are organized by research disciplines at Fort Keogh: genetics, ph...

363

Research in Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent music education research is reviewed. Topics covered include teaching and learning, development and maturation, training, attitudes, perception and psychoacoustics, automated learning, creativity, and psychological theory. Questions for future research are suggested. Journal available from Council for Research in Music Education, School of…

Leonhard, Charles; Colwell, Richard J.

1976-01-01

364

m-Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing area of research concerns the increasing use by young people of mobile phones. Inevitably, researchers interested in exploring the lives and habitus of young people must also consider their engagement with the ubiquitous mobile. This research, however, can create a number of ethical dilemmas, some that are already discussed in literature…

Burden, Kevin; Schuck, Sandy; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

365

Researching Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers methodological issues that arise when values form the main focus of empirical educational research. Includes discussion of the idea that social science, in general, and educational research, in particular, are forms of moral inquiry. Outlines a methodology of educational research, drawing from work by Imre Lakatos, Alasdair MacIntyre,…

Halliday, John

2002-01-01

366

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

367

m-Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing area of research concerns the increasing use by young people of mobile phones. Inevitably, researchers interested in exploring the lives and habitus of young people must also consider their engagement with the ubiquitous mobile. This research, however, can create a number of ethical dilemmas, some that are already discussed in…

Burden, Kevin; Schuck, Sandy; Aubusson, Peter

2012-01-01

368

Using Research for Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses trends in two-year college research, defines research, and poses questions that must be answered before research can be used effectively in management. Outlines steps in a decision-making system that converts data into planning concepts. Explains the need for a master plan and describes the master-planning process. (DD)|

Ramsey, William L.

1981-01-01

369

Reading Research 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet reviews reading research that was reported in Great Britain during 1974. The introductory pages highlight research on reading standards and tests, dyslexia and specific reading difficulties, remedial reading instruction, and reading as it relates to language. Annotated items listed include reading research reported in articles or…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

370

Reading Research 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography lists the reading research that was published in England during 1976. An introduction highlights specific research on reading tests and standards, dyslexia and specific reading retardation, remedial reading, reading development, and reading material selection. The booklet's sections list research reported in articles…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

371

Quality in Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lot of effort has been expended by methodologists over the years, trying to give some guidance to qualitative researchers in improving or judging the quality of qualitative research. You could say that all methodological writing is ultimately directed at such a goal, because the idea of writing about how one can do research is presumably aimed at giving other

Clive Seale

1999-01-01

372

Reflexology: recent research approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intention of this paper is to examine recent published research in the field of reflexology and healthcare and consider the way forward for research work in reflexology. It will explore the various research approaches and methods, which have and could be used in answering questions about reflexology practice and outcomes for patients. The recommendations of the Foundation for Integrated

P Mackereth; S. L Dryden; B Frankel

2000-01-01

373

GLOBAL WATER RESEARCH COALITION  

EPA Science Inventory

The Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC) is a collaboration of 14 member drinking and wastewater research organizations. The USEPA is currently a partner to the GWRC membership. Through the GWRC, the members are able to leverage research funds on mutually desired efforts to m...

374

Open Access RESEARCH ARTICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Lack of proper understanding on the part of researchers about public understanding of research and informed consent will increase the potential for malpractice. As a part of a larger study on ethics and informed consent in Sri Lanka, this study aimed to ascertain the level of understanding of 'research' by exploring the views of the public and professionals. Methods:

Athula Sumathipala; Sisira Siribaddana; Suwin Hewage; Manura Lekamwattage; Manjula Athukorale; Chesmal Siriwardhana; Kumudu Munasinghe; Kethakie Sumathipala; Joanna Murray; Martin Prince

2010-01-01

375

Can research influence policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policy research comprises heterogeneous set of activities under taken by community of diverse actors. The goal of the STI policy community is to conduct researches to understand effective policies for Science, Policy and Technology and then contribute to public or private sector. In order to understand whether or not STI policy researches contribute to the

Pei-Chun Lee; Hsin-Ning Su

2011-01-01

376

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

377

Materials Research Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the web page for the Materials Research Society, an organization of materials researchers from academia, industry, and government that promotes communication for the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life. The Society recognizes professional and technical excellence, conducts symposium tutorials, and encourages technical interaction among college students through University Chapters. Membership is required to access articles.

2010-06-02

378

Planning as Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Planning contains so much more than the written plan. Early in 2000, an invitation came from the Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN), to people experienced in action research who might want to help plan and present an action research event for elementary school science teachers in Venezuela, South America, in Autumn 2000. This article…

de Gonzalez, Carmen Beatriz; Hernandez, Teresa; Kusch, Jim; Ryan, Charly

2004-01-01

379

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

380

ELECTRONIC RESEARCH NOTEBOOKS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper details the public availability of Electronic notebooks (EN) and an example of a system in use within a research laboratory in the Office of Research and Development. Research notebooks contain intellectual property which must be guarded until it can be disseminated wit...

381

Empowering Research Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Neo-marxist theory provides a better tool for educational researchers than other research methodologies because of its focus on empowering the dispossessed and its interest in the relationships between human activity and material circumstances. Traditional educational research is rooted in the positivist tradition and claims to be value neutral…

Lather, Patti

382

2007 Research Highlights  

Cancer.gov

Below are highlights of research reported by grantees supported by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP). We can't begin to capture all the research contributions of our grantees and apologize for this. The names of the first authors and the EGRP-supported principal investigators whose grants are credited in the published papers appear in boldface print.

383

Conceptualising Research Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a context of increasing emphasis on academic performance and accountability, data from a structured survey in which academics elaborated on eight different attributes of high-performing researchers were used to build a conceptual model of research performance. Research performance was seen to comprise two basic components, with six secondary…

Bazeley, Pat

2010-01-01

384

Multivariate methods in research.  

PubMed

Univariate methods are very helpful when utilized appropriately within the research analysis. However, there are many occasions in which only multivariate methods will satisfy an optimal assessment. In this case, multivariate methods will permit the researcher to incorporate many variables within a single research analysis. This work reviews the use of multivariate methods and how to apply them in clinical medicine. PMID:22853812

Flikkema, Robert; Lloris-Carsi, J M; Toledo-Pereyra, Luis H

2012-08-01

385

Myths in educational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational innovation research has been strongly influenced by research in other disciplines, in particular, rural, industrial and medical sociology. The resulting methodology and generalizations have often been wrongly applied to education with resulting distortions about the nature of innovators, the dissemination and the adoption of innovation in education. Research on the dissemination and adoption of new curriculum projects in British

R. B. Nicodemus

1977-01-01

386

Funding of Contraceptive Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data on financial support of the reproductive sciences and contraceptive development assembled in the course of a two-year review of research funding by an international group of scientists and scientific administrators. Until the mid-1960s, research in reproduction was supported primarily by university budgets, philanthropic funds, and pharmaceutical firms. This research received only an insignificant share of the

O. Harkavy; F. S. Jaffe; Marjorie A. Koblinsky; S. J. Segal

1976-01-01

387

Research and the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on how students in a university composition class generate and use ideas not only yielded data on the process of invention, but also altered the structure of the course and the teacher-researcher's attitudes toward teaching writing. To facilitate the study of invention, researchers instituted several changes in the course format. They…

Self, Warren P.

388

Low Dose Radiation Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's Low Dose Radiation Research Program supports research that investigates the health risks from exposure to radiation at low levels. This Web site provides an overview of radiation biology, up-to-date information and archived results from program-related research, and other resources for the benefit of researchers and the general public alike. Some research projects include comparing low dose radiation to endogenous oxidative damage, determining thresholds for radiation exposure, determining genetics factors that make some individuals more susceptible to radiation-induced damage, and more.

389

Eos Introduces “Research Spotlight”  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To give greater visibility and prominence to the high-quality research published in AGU journals, Eos introduces “Research Spotlight” (see page 100). This column, which metamorphosed from the “Journal Highlights” section, has livelier text, an eye-catching design, and colorful images to enhance the article summaries. Research Spotlight aims to draw attention to salient and groundbreaking research that is of interest to the geophysics community. Our goal is to put that research into the broader context for Eos's diverse readership, which includes students and journalists as well as scientists in a wide variety of subfields.

Richman, Barbara T.

2010-03-01

390

Being a qualitative researcher.  

PubMed

This article, from a keynote address, is the result of some of the things which I learned about qualitative research during my many years of doing and teaching it. The main point I make is that qualitative researchers should present a good story which is based on evidence but focused on meaning rather than measurement. In qualitative inquiry, the researchers' selves are involved, their experiences become a resource. Researchers cannot distance themselves from the other participants, although they cannot fully present their meaning and experience. I also discuss voice, paradigm, and innovation as potentially problematic issues in qualitative research. These are terms often used but not always examined for their meaning in qualitative inquiry. If researchers are aware and sensitive, rather than overemotional or self-absorbed, qualitative research can be enlightening, person-centered, and humanistic. PMID:21266705

Holloway, Immy; Biley, Francis C

2011-01-25

391

Research as Spiritual Covenant  

PubMed Central

Conducting research with Native American communities poses special challenges from misunderstandings that may arise from the interface of differing cultural worldviews held by the scientific and the Native communities. Although the community-based participatory research approach shows promise for conducting research that can maximize benefits and minimize the risks of harm to Native American people, there is little information related to the practical implementation of culturally appropriate research practices when working with Native American communities. Drawing on the authors' research with three Native American communities in the Northwest, this article describes culturally appropriate processes for engaging Native American communities. The first section identifies and describes the principles that provide the foundation for the authors' research activity as a spiritual covenant and guides the authors' research with the three communities. The second section describes the project phase matrix that was used to organize the approaches employed in this work.

Salois, Emily Matt; Holkup, Patricia A.; Tripp-Reimer, Toni; Weinert, Clarann

2009-01-01

392

Air Research Program: Susceptibility Research Track  

EPA Science Inventory

The susceptibility research track is focused on susceptibility due to life stage, disease state, and genetics. For each aspect, wherever possible an integrative cross-disciplinary approach is used that combines in vitro mechanistic studies with animal models and human clinical an...

393

Research Schools: Grounding Research in Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education lacks a strong infrastructure for connecting research with educational practice and policy. The need for this linkage grows as findings in cognitive science and biology become ever more relevant to education. Teachers often lack the background knowledge needed to interpret scientific results, whereas scientists often lack an…

Hinton, Christina; Fischer, Kurt W.

2008-01-01

394

Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

2009-01-01

395

Current research in computer science (Research Session)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a feature session at ACM 72. At this session prominent and active people working in the area of computer science, its applications, or its supporting disciplines will state what they are doing, its importance to mankind, and its applications and prospects. The speakers will report on work in the following broad areas: artificial intelligence, industrial research, computer architecture,

John J. Donovan

1972-01-01

396

Rocket Propulsion Research at Lewis Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A small contingent of engineers at NASA LeRC pioneered the basic research on liquid propellants for rockets shortly after World War 2. Carried on through the 1950s, this work influenced the important early decisions made by Abe Silverstein when he took ch...

V. P. Dawson

1992-01-01

397

Fire Research at the National Research Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This discussion of fire research emphasizes test procedures and architectural element performance. Measurement and simulation of fire conditions establish "fire load" specifications, structural influences, and corridor surface lining data. Topics studied include--(1) fire endurance of building elements, (2) material flammability, (3) material…

Shorter, G.W.

398

Cancer Research Campaign review of radiobiology research.  

PubMed

The meeting was reviewed and summarised by Professor Herman Suit. He judged that the potential clinical gains from research in radiobiology were very great and likely to translate to improved cancer treatment in the near future. He was highly complimentary about the contribution of UK research in radiobiology and he indicated that this viewpoint was held widely in the United States, Europe and Japan. Radiobiological research was the basis for major clinical trials in radiotherapy undertaken by trial groups in all these countries. He felt that major contributions to current practice in radiotherapy had been the definition of dose response, the rationale for the use of radiotherapy against slowly responding tumours, and the understanding of repair differentials and of clonal proliferation in the design of clinical fractionation trials, leading to clear demonstration of benefit for altered fractionation in the treatment of head and neck cancer and in the treatment of bladder cancer. An important goal of research should be the development of predictive testing for radiation response employing multiple predictive tests of radiation sensitivity (survival at 2 Gy), cellular proliferation (potential doubling time) and identification of hypoxic cells, together with physiological parameters such as blood flow intratumoral pressure, thiol metabolism and activation and status of repair genes. In terms of improving differential response between tumour and normal tissues, further refinement of dose fractionation patterns would be needed, but also research should continue on the modification of response using drug/radiation protocols, targeting techniques, growth factors and other biological response modifiers to support normal tissues, and modulation of DNA repair. Professor Suit felt that the pace of research in radiobiology was most encouraging for the field of radiotherapy. There was a consensus that support for radiobiology needed to be matched by support for academic radiotherapy if potential research gains were to be translated into advances in treatment. He shared the view expressed by the Committee of Cancer Experts of the EORTC that improvements in cancer cure over the next decade were likely to derive from improvements in radiotherapy. PMID:8094004

Horwich, A

1993-01-01

399

Association between nurses’ education about research and their research use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge about research methods, skills for critical appraisal of research reports, and a positive attitude towards research have been identified as means to potentially overcome barriers to individual nurses’ research utilization, and ultimately improve nursing practice. The objective of this study was to examine independent relationships between nurses’ education about research and research use and their attitudes towards research, knowledge

G Ted Brown

2003-01-01

400

Research Questions Guiding Selection of an Appropriate Research Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research objects and research outcomes are proposed to act as a guide to select a proper research method. We, however, recommend that the research question as the essential factor of the research process should guide selection. Based on this idea we here develop taxonomy of research approaches with six categories. Taxonomy is then compared with three other classifications of research

Pertti Järvinen

2000-01-01

401

Understanding Animal Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The public debate on animal research sometimes gets so heated that the facts can be overlooked. How many animals are used in research every year? Do people know that most of them are mice or rats? Why are animals genetically modified? How is animal research regulated? How are the animals cared for? What actually happens to research animals? How does the use of animals in research and testing compare with other uses of animals by society? This website aims to answer all of these questions as well as provide information on animal research and human health, policy issues, and latest news. This website also includes a learning center. Information is geared towards learners in the U.K.

Understanding Animal Research (Understanding Animal Research)

2009-01-01

402

Construction Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) research facility is part of the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (USAERDC) of the Army Corps of Engineers' research and development organization. CERL "conducts research and development in infrastructure and environmental sustainment." New technologies that the lab develops are used "to help military installations provide and maintain quality training lands and facilities for soldiers and their families." Some applications are also found in the private sector. The research is organized into numerous themes, including the study of enduring buildings, ecosystem management, land use planning, and seismic engineering. The website describes each of the themes and offers a link to its database of publications and products/capabilities. Visitors can also search the database by keyword. Another section of the website describes the portal software used to develop and maintain the website.

403

Science Mentoring Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has created a website that provides access to their research on science mentoring. The goal of the site is to "provide guidelines and resources for developing high quality research and evaluation studies for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) career and workforce mentoring. " On the site's homepage, visitors can find links to research on these guidelines, resources for STEM mentoring, and announcements about upcoming awards and funding opportunities. Visitors interested in designing STEM research and evaluation studies should definitely check out the "Research" tab near the top of the page. The first suggestion provided is to review the literature, and they include links to the suggested readings, such as "Mentoring Report" and "Mentoring: Lessons Learned and Research Questions". Links are also provided for the additional steps suggested for designing a study, which may be of interest to those in the field of psychometrics and related fields.

404

When Education Research Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tangled relationship between education research and policy has received little serious scrutiny, even as paeans to “scientifically\\u000a based research” and “evidence-based practice” have become a staple of education policymaking in recent years. For all the\\u000a attention devoted to the 5-year-old Institute of Education Sciences, to No Child Left Behind’s call for “scientifically based\\u000a research,” to professional interest in data-driven

Frederick M. Hess

2008-01-01

405

Workplace Research Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pdf from the South Carolina Advanced Technological Education National Resource Center discusses a model for guided research to improve education for engineering and industrial technicians. The SC ATE Workplace Research Model provides a guide for interdisciplinary faculty, teacher and student teams to conduct workplace research and gain a better understanding of the technicianâÂÂs role in the workplace through industry site visits.

2011-10-11

406

Tools for Researchers  

Cancer.gov

In order to monitor and assess cancer risk factors in the general population and in subpopulations of particular interest, researchers need a variety of tools. They need questionnaires, survey instruments, and assessment instruments. They also need databases that allow them to accurately analyze the data collected. NCI has a long history of developing such tools and supporting related methodologic research. These tools have been used in many types of studies by a broad spectrum of researchers.

407

Priscu Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Priscu Research Group, led by Professor John C. Priscu in the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences at Montana State University focuses on the geomicrobiology, biogeochemistry, and ecology of Antarctic lakes. The site provides information on personnel, research, publications, data, images, Arctic and Antarctic related links, and links to Montana State University, the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, and the McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research.

Group, Priscu R.; University, Montana S.

408

Hydrocarbon geoscience research strategy  

SciTech Connect

This document outlines a strategy for oil and gas related research focused on optimizing the economic producibility of the Nation's resources. The Hydrocarbon Geoscience Strategy was developed by the Hydrocarbon Geoscience Research Coordinating Committee of the Department of Energy (DOE). This strategy forms the basis for the development of DOE Fossil Energy's Oil Research Program Implementation Plan and Natural Gas Program Implementation Plan. 24 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-01

409

Federally-Funded Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Federally-Funded Research in the U.S. is a series of databases that provide information about research funded by the Federal Government. These databases contain the names and addresses of Principal Investigators, grant titles, abstracts, and keywords associated with grants funded by the NIH - National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, the USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture, the SBIR - Small Business Innovation Research Program and the ATP Advanced Technology Program.

410

Photovoltaic concentrator research status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Important developments in concentrator research and development is described. Within the Sandia managed Photovoltaic Concentrator Research Project several record cell efficiencies have been reported. Applied Solar Energy Corporation has fabricated a concentrator silicon cell with 20.9% peak efficiency, at 90X concentration. Varian Associates has demonstrated a 26.0% efficient GaAs cell at 700X concentration. Hughes Research Labs together with Applied Solar

D. E. Arvizu

1985-01-01

411

Nuclear Stewardship Research  

SciTech Connect

The second year of our research program has been marked by significant success and progress. It has also been marked by significant changes both in the personnel and location of the major experimental research program. This report covers the period roughly from August 2004 through May 2005. During this period our research has focused mainly on applying the surrogate reaction technique and the ''ratio'' method to deduce neutron induced fission cross sections on uranium nuclei.

C.W. Beausang

2005-06-10

412

VCSELs: A Research Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter attempts to briefly review the research history of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). Based on the contents of previous monographs on VCSELs written in English, we motivate the selection of topics in the present book and give an introduction to the individual chapters. Moreover, we mention some other research that is not covered in a dedicated chapter in order to provide the readers with even deeper insights into VCSEL research. Future directions and opportunities are also indicated.

Michalzik, Rainer

413

Pegasus hypersonic flight research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypersonic aeronautics research using the Pegasus air-launched space booster is described. Two areas are discussed in the paper: previously obtained results from Pegasus flights 1 and 2, and plans for future programs. Proposed future research includes boundary-layer transition studies on the airplane-like first stage and also use of the complete Pegasus launch system to boost a research vehicle to hypersonic

Robert E. Curry; Robert R. Meyer Jr.; Gerald D. Budd

1992-01-01

414

Base Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2009, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed 11 years of research under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Base Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy (OFE) and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). A wide range of diverse research activities were performed under annual program plans approved by NETL

Everett Sondreal; John Hendrikson

2009-01-01

415

Vitamin C: research update.  

PubMed

For more than 50 years, the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences has been reviewing nutrition research and defining nutrient requirements for healthy people, referred to as the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). As new nutrition research is published, the importance of vitamins as vital nutrients is underscored, and new physiologic roles and applications to human health are examined and considered with regard to updating the RDA. Each year a substantial amount of new research is published on vitamins. This review examines recent research published on the importance of vitamin C with regard to general health. PMID:16830410

Bruno, Eugene J; Ziegenfuss, Tim N; Landis, Jamie

2006-06-01

416

Global Ice Core Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This informative site from the US Geological Survey (USGS) covers the latest ice-core research projects from around the world, including sites in Nepal, Norway, and Kyrghyzstan. Authored by researchers at the Global Ice core Research Office, the site contains an overview of the mid-latitude and polar glaciers, isotopic methods in glacial research, and applications to paleoclimatology. Links to maps, figures, and in some cases, full-text articles (HTML) about specific glaciers are available, and the site is peppered with color photos of glacial environments. Links to biographies of the scientists involved in the project, contacts, and other snow and ice sites are also listed.

417

European Forest Institute: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This European Forest Institute (EFI) is "An independent non-governmental organization conducting European forest research." This website provides information about EFI's mission, research goals, strategies and programs. Site users can view information about on-going and completed projects in any of the four EFI research programs which include: Forest Ecology and Management, Forest Products Markets and Socio-Economics, Policy Analysis, and Forest Resources and Information. EFI also provides a search engine for locating specific research projects as well as information about how to propose an EFI project.

418

FASEB Summer Research Conferences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information regarding summer research conferences hosted internationally by FASEB. The conferences spread a wide range of scientific specialties and serve academics and health professionals.

2012-07-24

419

National Undergraduate Research Observatory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Undergraduate Research Observatory (NURO) at Northern Arizona University and Lowell Observatory "is a consortium of primarily undergraduate institutions which have joined together to provide hands-on training and research experiences for undergraduate students." While the Key Projects link is under construction, users can find out about past student projects at the Undergraduate Research Experiences link. Researchers and students can request observation time and find planning and observing information. The website offers an image gallery and links to the consortium's member schools.

420

HIV Behavioral Research Online  

PubMed Central

Internet access has caused a global revolution in the way people of all ages and genders interact. Many have turned to the Internet to seek love, companionship, and sex, prompting researchers to move behavioral studies online. The sexual behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) has been more closely studied than that of any other group online given the abundance of gay-oriented websites and concerns about increasing transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Not only does the Internet provide a new medium for the conduct of behavioral research and for participant recruitment into an array of research studies, it has the as yet unrealized potential to reach huge numbers of MSM with innovative harm reduction and prevention messages tailored to individualized needs, interests, and risk behavior. Internet-based research on sexual behavior has many advantages in rapidity of recruitment of diverse samples which include individuals unreachable through conventional methods (i.e., non-gay identified and geographically and socially isolated MSM, etc.). Internet-based research also presents some new methodologic challenges in study design, participant recruitment, survey implementation, and interpretation of results. In addition, there are ethical issues unique to online research including difficulties in verifying informed consent, obstacles to surveying minors, and the ability to assure anonymity. This paper presents a review of Internet-based research on sexual behavior in MSM, a general discussion of the methodologic and ethical challenges of Internet-based research, and recommendations for future interdisciplinary research.

Parsons, Jeffrey T.; Tesoriero, James M.; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Hirshfield, Sabina; Remien, Robert H.

2006-01-01

421

Coastal Research Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource from Carolina Coastal Science Research Technology allows students to learn about scientific technology used on research vessels on the Carolina Coast. Students can click on an instrument to learn how it is used in research. Instruments featured are the S4 current meter, Shipek, Millicore filter, Conductivity/Temperature/Depth (CTD), Box core, Rock dredge, Secchi disk, Otter trawl, remote operated vehicle (ROV), Coastal Research Amphibious Buggy (CRAB), Lighter Amphibious Resupply Cargo (LARC), and global positioning system (GPS). Each instrument location has an explanation of its use and several photographs that show it in action. In addition there are some videos taken by the ROV and of the CRAB.

422

Research Questions and Hypotheses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This first section guides students to ask testable questions, and formulate hypotheses and null hypotheses. Students also become familiar with the parts of a science research report. This structure reinforces the concepts of quantitative observations and comparative research. It also sets the stage for doing statistical testing. At the end of the first section, students are ready to ask a research question and formulate hypotheses for their Long-Term Research Projects (LTRP). Students finish the section by drafting the introduction paragraphs for their LTRP poster presentations. In this free section you will find Lesson 1--Ooze Observations, an Introduction and the Table of Contents.

Steel, Ashley; Kelsey, Kathryn

2001-01-01

423

Teaching through research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the teaching experience in engineering the author acquired while at the Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Germany and the opportunities this experience gives for a further academic career in her home country of Romania. The author obtained a Diplom-Ingenieurin (diploma engineer) degree in architecture from the Universität Karlsruhe (TH) and did research, first within two Collaborative Research Centres funded by the DFG, the German Research Society, and then within a Research Training Network, funded by the same organisation. Research can be seen as a ressource for teaching, when students, from undergraduate till doctorate level can be involved in larger research projects of more experienced scholars. Presently the author is a fellow with a reintegration grant at the ERGOROM ´99 foundation and researcher at the Conservation and Restoration Chair, Department for History and Theory of Architecture and Heritage Conservation of the "Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urban Planning, both in Bucharest, Romania. Among the tasks is the support of teaching activities through documentation materials. Also students are involved in research projects of the department in which she participates and she collaborates with them. The first experience was as student of architecture within the Collaborative Research Centre 315 "Preserving historically relevant constructions", in 1998. The author was in this context receiver of teaching through research. She participated at a building survey in Poland of a textile factory which counted towards the seminars to be completed to obtain the diploma degree as "advanced building survey". The building survey itself was one of the results of the subproject on "The building survey as mean of the history of architecture research" and one of many to contribute to the doctoral research of one of the employed researchers of the institute participating to the Collaborative Research Centre. An exhibition contribution of the Institute for Architecture History of the Universität Karlsruhe (TH) was contributed to the UniSchau 2000, the jubiliary programme of the university to the programme point "Human and society": "Built past - current research projects and selected individual studies". The second experience was as postgraduate research assistant within the Collaborative Research Centre 461 "Strong earthquakes". Within the subproject "Modelling and simulation" the author was involved in another kind of building survey, this time at urban scale, of 1500 buildings in Bucharest. Prior to the survey she developed a questionnaire to be filled on site and after the survey she wrote a report on how the data from the survey shall be transferred into an ArcView database. This report contributed to training of a diploma work within the institute, a diploma work for a Civil Engineering degree, specialisation construction management. The third experience was as a fellow within the Research Training Network 450 "Natural Disasters". This time the author supervised one individual study and two diploma works within her own topic of research, "Applicability and economic efficiency of seismic retrofit measures on existing buildings". The first was an individual study on "Costs calculation in the seismic retrofit of existing buildings", the diploma works were on "Building survey system for the representation of the load bearing structure" and respectively "Construction management at the strengthening measures for seismic retrofit". All works leaded to a Civil Engineering degree, specialisation construction management. These latter were part of "learning through teaching" for the authors, at postgraduate level. Although the building survey, a speciality the author learned and taught through research is one of the main specialities of the chair where the author is now researcher, in Romania architects are not trained as engineers, as in Germany. So the transfer of kn

Bostenaru, M.

2009-04-01

424

Teaching through research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the teaching experience in engineering the author acquired while at the Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Germany and the opportunities this experience gives for a further academic career in her home country of Romania. The author obtained a Diplom-Ingenieurin (diploma engineer) degree in architecture from the Universität Karlsruhe (TH) and did research, first within two Collaborative Research Centres funded

M. Bostenaru

2009-01-01

425

NIH Research to Results  

MedlinePLUS

... Story: Traumatic Brain Injury NIH Research to Results Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of this page please turn Javascript on. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is researching treatments that can be given in the first hours ...

426

Retrofit Russian research reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

A likely source for enriched uranium for production of a gun-type bomb might be a research reactor. A state or terrorist organization would find the technical process for separating uranium from the reactor fuel plates is simple and well-published. An unguarded research reactor could be found in the former Soviet Union. Russia and the former republics have seen an increasing

Mabe

1993-01-01

427

Updating the Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than 30 years, Staples High School (Westport, Connecticut) juniors have undertaken a major research paper. Their English teachers supervise this project-based unit and get feedback about the preparation students feel they have gotten in research and in writing. Students used to be taught to use notebooks, paper, pencil, and index cards…

Liepolt, Werner

2005-01-01

428

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

429

Artifacts of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this research, the author focuses on the contemporary culture of obsolescence. The topic has a specific relevance to recent transformations in photographic education as well as the emerging research environment in art production. Language and technology, cognition and consciousness and the sense of experience that is constituted by subjects…

Bean, Robert

2007-01-01

430

Collaborative undergraduate research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A joint undergraduate research project between University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez (UPRM) and Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) started four years ago. Each year a group of students, varying between six and ten, from WPI will come to Puerto Rico to work with a group of students, varying from six to ten, from UPRM on a well defined research project.

Hamid Davoodi; Frederick Just; Ali Saffar; Mohammad Noori; William W. Durgin

1999-01-01

431

Doing Research in Cyberspace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although laws and policies developed in the context of off-line research apply to online investigations, questions about the identifiability of human subjects, the conceptualization of privacy, the need for and means of obtaining informed consent, and the applicability of copyright law to computer-mediated communication (CMC) pose special problems for doing research in cyberspace.

David Jacobson

1999-01-01

432

Academic Researchers Speak  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Non-tenure-track (NTT) research faculty are perhaps the most under-recognized group of academic professionals on the campuses today, despite their increasingly important role within the expanding academic research enterprise. The American Association for the Advancement of Science reports that the amount of federal spending on R&D has more than…

Bergom, Inger; Waltman, Jean; August, Louise; Hollenshead, Carol

2010-01-01

433

Collaborative Learning: Research Simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

What: This paper reports on the results of participative action research by multiple teams of participants who played various roles and fostered the evolution of an integrated research and business simulation environment by sharing data, making decisions visible and discussing solutions in both a competitive and a collaborative environment. Why: Collaborative Networked Learning is needed for the training of effective

Kewal S. Dhariwal

2006-01-01

434

Transportation Energy Research; (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation Energy Research (TER) announces on a monthly basis the current worldwide research and development (R D) information available on energy-efficient, environmentally sound transportation technologies. Its purpose is to enhance the technology transfer efforts of the US Department of Energy (DOE) with the transportation end-user sector. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses,

J. W. Rushing; S. C. Hicks

1991-01-01

435

Mild Cognitive Impairment Research  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... alz.org alz.org >> Video & Resources >> Videos and Media Text Size Videos and Media Virtual Library Brain Tour Perspectives in Science Facts & Figures Spotlight on Researchers Web Links Videos and Media Mild Cognitive Impairment Research (approx. 20 min.) Alzheimer's ...

436

EPA REMOTE SENSING RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The 2006 transgenic corn imaging research campaign has been greatly assisted through a cooperative effort with several Illinois growers who provided planting area and crop composition. This research effort was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of remote sensed imagery of var...

437

MULTIPOLLUTANT CONTROL RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

A Multipollutant Control Research Facility (MPCRF) is being constructed in the High Bay Building at the new Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)/RTP campus. The MPCRF supports research and development of new flue gas cleaning technologies for stationary sources of air pollution...

438

Research in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes research dealing with (1) the handling of controversial newspapers columns, (2) media exposure and attitude consistency about immigration, (3) alcohol advertising and magazine editorial content, (4) headline readability, (5) crime news in Black weeklies, (6) city magazine problems, (7) coverage of Vietnam veterans, and (8) researchers'…

Journalism Quarterly, 1982

1982-01-01

439

The Prevention Researcher, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of volume 7 of "The Prevention Researcher," a service of Integrated Research Services. Each issue provides information on a specific topic. The topic of Issue Number One is adolescent dating violence. This issue includes articles on adolescents' beliefs about rape and sexual victimization, and contains a report on an…

Ungerleider, Steven, Ed.

2000-01-01

440

Research by accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article addresses the issue of uncertainty in technological knowledge. “Research by accident” is seen as a central cognitive process to generate (unanticipated) knowledge about the characteristics of a technology. In the example of nuclear weapons, scientific programs have initially led to a sequency of unanticipated discoveries — a process of research by accident that subsequently reveals properties and characteristics

Thomas C. Schelling

1996-01-01

441

Research Techniques in Biomechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Biomechanics involves the biological human beings interacting with his/her mechanical environment. Biomechanics research is being done in connection with sport, physical education, and general motor behavior, and concerns mechanics independent of implements. Biomechanics research falls in the following two general categories: (1) that specific…

Ward, Terry

442

Research, Practice and Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three issues concerning the relationship between research and practice are addressed. (1) A certain 'prototype mathematics classroom' seems to dominate the research field, which in many cases seems selective with respect to what practices to address. I suggest challenging the dominance of the discourse created around the prototype mathematics classroom. (2) I find it important to broaden the school-centred discourse

Ole Skovsmose

443

Empirical Research without Certainty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, Robert Floden reviews three recent volumes in the Philosophy, Theory, and Educational Research series that address the philosophical implications of three "isms"-- postpositivism, pragmatism, and poststructuralism--for empirical educational research. These volumes, written by D.C. Phillips, Gert J.J. Biesta, and Michael A. Peters,…

Floden, Robert E.

2009-01-01

444

Conducting Educational Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational design research blends scientific investigation with systematic development and implementation of solutions to educational problems. Empirical investigation is conducted in real learning settings--not laboratories--to craft usable and effective solutions. At the same time, the research is carefully structured to produce theoretical…

McKenney, Susan; Reeves, Thomas

2012-01-01

445

Applied research on glucansucrases  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Although glycansucrases have been known for over 70 years, they remain relatively unknown except to a small group of researchers. Practical, applied research on glycansucrases has been focused on certain key areas. The earliest of these was the development of blood plasma extenders from dextran, d...

446

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

447

Immunology Research in Israel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research in immunology has developed and flourished greatly in Israel. Initially, research in this area was carried out primarily at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot. In the late 1960s and 1970s, new academic centers were established for immunol...

C. E. Zomzely-Neurath

1985-01-01

448

Effective Internet Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how teachers can help students learn to use effectively the wealth of knowledge on the Internet by organizing research in advance, planning carefully and structuring assignments as students conduct their own research, and teaching students to evaluate web sites. (SR)|

Lim, Janine

2001-01-01

449

The Right to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that research be recognised as a right of a special kind--that it be regarded as a more universal and elementary ability. It suggests that research is a specialised name for a generalised capacity to make disciplined inquires into those things we need to know, but do not know yet. I maintain that knowledge is both more valuable…

Appadurai, Arjun

2006-01-01

450

Science and Psychical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

I WOULD like to thank Mr. Campbell Swinton for his letter criticising my article on ``Science and Psychical Research'' in NATURE for July 31 last. With what he says on the subject of spiritualism I agree almost entirely; but I had hoped that my article drew a clear distinction between spiritualism and psychical research. Unfortunately, the two are evidently confounded

R. J. Tillyard

1926-01-01

451

Advances in Survey Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The seven articles of this special issue focus on theory and research related to survey methods and whether evaluators need information that is absent from the larger survey literature. These articles reflect the view that the considerations relating to good survey research apply also to using surveys in evaluation. (SLD)|

Braverman, Marc T., Ed.; Slater, Jana Kay, Ed.

1996-01-01

452

AI at IBM Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

IBM has played an active role in AI research since the field's inception more than 50 years ago. In a trend that reflects the increasing demand for applications that behave intelligently, IBM today carries out most AI research in an interdisciplinary fashion by combining AI technology with other computing techniques to solve difficult technical problems. This article reports on the

Chidanand Apte; Leora Morgenstern; Se June Hong

2000-01-01

453

Researching Historical Collections  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

The Field Records Library provides reference and research assistance to USGS scientists and staff, as well as to a wide range of researchers from other Federal and State agencies, and the general public. Subject matter of interest ranges from geology, history of the USGS, and history of the earth sc...

2009-04-09

454

AI at IBM Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

IBM has played an active role in AI research since the field's inception more than 50 years ago. In a trend that reflects the increasing demand for applications that behave intelligently, IBM today carries out most AI research in an interdisciplinary fashion by combining AI techniques with other computing techniques to solve difficult technical problems.

Chidanand Apte; June Hong

2001-01-01

455

1990 Horton Research Grants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty-three Horton Research Grant proposals were received by AGU and evaluated by the committee (Mary Anderson, University of Wisconsin, Madison; John Bredehoeft, chairman, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, Calif.; and Stephen Burges, University of Washington, Seattle). The proposals were of exceptionally high quality and covered a wide range of research areas.

Burges, Stephen

456

Research Techniques in Biomechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biomechanics involves the biological human beings interacting with his/her mechanical environment. Biomechanics research is being done in connection with sport, physical education, and general motor behavior, and concerns mechanics independent of implements. Biomechanics research falls in the following two general categories: (1) that specific…

Ward, Terry

457

Research and Problem Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary We obtained some firsthand research from Guatemala to determine methods which we could take to solve the problem. Our research could be broken down into two specific parts: the needs of the Guatemalan people for a dehydration device, and the demand for dehydrated produce. The two areas where we interviewed citizens were in the villages such as Pasajquim and

Karthik Balakrishnan; Sofia Basterrechea; Jason Burt; Heejae Kim; Han Bin Man

458

Perianesthesia applied research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research is important for perianesthesia nursing to validate and to advance patient care. Evidence-based nursing practice is discussed as one method of advancing PACU nursing practice. PACU nurses are encouraged to submit pain study reviews as a beginning to evidence-based nursing practice. Resources are given for research method techniques.

Sharon Summers

2000-01-01

459

THE INCINERATION RESEARCH FACILITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Cincinnati-based Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. EPA operates the Incineration Research Facility (IRF) in Jefferson, Arkansas. his facility's pilot-scale experimental incineration systems include a Rotary Kiln System and a Liqui...

460

[Ethnography and nursing research].  

PubMed

Ethnography, a qualitative research methodology, is used to describe culture shared by a group or to explore a cultural phenomenon. Nurse researchers seeking better understanding of the health practices of certain cultural groups became rapidly interested in it. Its application relies on a process that requires time. PMID:22870775

Debout, Christophe

2012-06-01

461

Student Learning by Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a research and development project aiming to help develop secondary students' abilities to understand biotechnology/genetic engineering. Focuses on an exemplary true-to-life experiment, planned and executed by students in grade 8, that involves external experts and uses an industrial research laboratory for solving genuine questions.…

Schallies, Michael; Lembens, Anja

2002-01-01

462

Biodiversity and Conservation Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC) at the American Museum of Natural History aims to "integrate scientific research, education, and outreach so that people, themselves major catalysts in the rapid loss of biodiversity, will become participants in its conservation." The CBC currently conducts biodiversity conservation research in the Bahamas, Bolivia, Madagascar, Vietnam, and in metropolitan New York.

2001-01-01

463

Critical hospitality management research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the development of critical hospitality management research (CHMR) and explores key issues that such approaches raise. The article is split into two parts. The first reviews contemporary writings that reflect the changing nature of hospitality management research and accounts for the emergence of a critical tradition. The second part identifies eight areas that are central concerns for

Peter Lugosi; Paul Lynch; Alison Morrison

2009-01-01

464

Reading Research 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reading research contributions discussed in this survey are arranged under the following headings: reading standards and tests, dyslexia and specific reading retardation, remedial and reading provision, reading development, and materials and reading interests. Each section summarizes research and findings in that area of study during 1975.…

Goodacre, Elizabeth J.

465

The Prevention Researcher, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a service of Integrated Research Services, a non-profit organization, this newsletter reports on many facets of prevention research. Written in direct, accessible language, each issue provides a "snapshot" update on a specific topic. Some articles are reprinted (often in a briefer format) from other publications; others provide a synthesis of…

Ungerleider, Steven, Ed.

1998-01-01

466

Empirical research and logotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper was to outline suggestions for future logotherapy applications and research. Empirical studies are available on logotherapy constructs, but additional research is sorely needed. The psychometrics of logotherapy measures need to be expanded. Carefully conducted experimental studies may aid in refining long-standing logotherapy concepts and supporting or refuting new ones. PMID:14563068

Schulenberg, Stefan E

2003-08-01

467

CYCLOPS-3 System Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the CYCLOPS Project research is the development of techniques for allowing computers to perform visual scene analysis, pre-processing of visual imagery, and perceptual learning. Work on scene analysis and learning has previously been described. The present report deals with research on pre-processing and with further work on scene…

Marill, Thomas; And Others

468

Differentiation. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The idea of differentiation was initiated by educators of and researchers for students who were classified as gifted and talented. Subsequently, this concept has become part of the general belief system that educators must meet and address the needs of every child, regardless of ability levels. Researchers have found that most teachers state that…

Walker, Karen

2005-01-01

469

Researching the American Dream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to review the question as to how academia and industry might work together to create research ideas that will result in methodologically sound research that also has pragmatic benefits for industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The introduction of this article reviews industry panel reflections from the 2010 Hospitality Industry Diversity Institute (Hidi) conference. The main body of

Joseph Larry Jackson

2011-01-01

470

Research in Statistical Inference.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During this period of research a substantial research program continued in statistical inference, one that has seen the publication of nearly 100 papers and a book since the initiation of support. The papers written or revised in 1991-1992 are: (1) An Ass...

R. J. Carroll

1991-01-01

471

Research Guide in Speech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research guide provides an overview of the basic concepts as well as a comprehensive list of references that can help both the beginning and advanced speaker. Emphasis in this document is placed on researching, writing, and delivering a speech. In addition to information on finding and developing a topic, the book contains a chart of the…

Tandberg, Gerilyn

472

Domestic Research at Rand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This third descriptive inventory of the Rand Corporation's domestic non-military research covers all projects since 1972, as well as its special 1969-1975 program for New York City. For each of over 300 research projects in nine program areas, brief summaries identify the project title and sponsor, beginning and ending dates, person-years of work…

Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.

473

DHS Research Experience Summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

I learned a great deal during my summer internship at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). I plan to continue a career in research, and I feel that my experience at LLNL has been formative. I was exposed to a new area of research, as part of the Single Particle Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (SPAMS) group, and I had the opportunity to

Venkatachalam

2008-01-01

474

Conducting Educational Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational design research blends scientific investigation with systematic development and implementation of solutions to educational problems. Empirical investigation is conducted in real learning settings--not laboratories--to craft usable and effective solutions. At the same time, the research is carefully structured to produce theoretical…

McKenney, Susan; Reeves, Thomas

2012-01-01

475

Empirical Research without Certainty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, Robert Floden reviews three recent volumes in the Philosophy, Theory, and Educational Research series that address the philosophical implications of three "isms"-- postpositivism, pragmatism, and poststructuralism--for empirical educational research. These volumes, written by D.C. Phillips, Gert J.J. Biesta, and Michael A. Peters,…

Floden, Robert E.

2009-01-01

476

COPPER RESEARCH UPDATE  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation provides an update and overview of new research results and remaining research needs with respect to copper corrosion control issues. The topics to be covered include: occurrence of elevated copper release in systems that meet the Action Level; impact of water c...

477

Institutional Research Bulletin, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Institutional Research Bulletin" is a collection of research summaries relating to Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) in Hawaii. Highlights from the 1998 volume (February-December) include: (1) spring 1998 enrollment summary, grouped by demographics and major; (2) patterns of complete withdrawal, 1997-98; (3) repetition and completion rates…

Abou-Sayf, Frank, Ed.

1998-01-01

478

Ethical Research with Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research with children is occurring within a climate of mounting international interest in listening to and consulting with children in ways that are respectful of them as competent informants of their own experience. This interest has occurred within "new times" of heightened accountability, regulation and surveillance of research. This climate…

Farrell, Ann

2005-01-01

479

A LOM Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a research agenda on Learning Objects. The main intent is to elaborate on what the authors consider important issues for research on learning objects and their use in education and training. The paper focuses somewhat on metadata related is- sues, but does not restrict itself to only those aspects that have a direct relationship with metadata.

Erik Duval; Wayne Hodgins

2003-01-01

480

Planning for Interdisciplinary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines trends in university planning and management concerning interdisciplinary research. The analysis of institutional documents of 99 research universities reveals regularities in the types of approaches employed. In addition to the traditional approach of creating centers and institutes, universities have taken actions to…

Sa, Creso

2007-01-01

481

CRCHD - CRCHD Research  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Zhao, Ph.D., is a Program Director in the Disparities Research Branch in the Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD) at the National Cancer Institute. In this role, Dr. Zhao develops programs that address the biological factors related to cancer disparities, and takes part in various initiatives involving basic cancer research and cancer health disparities.

482

[Nuclear News -- Research  

SciTech Connect

Topics discussed in this section are: (1) U-M researchers have found an easier method of isotope separation; and (2) LANL develops a more precise measure of plutonium exposure. (3) BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is completed. Research briefs are also included for several projects.

NONE

1999-11-01

483

COATINGS RESEARCH CENTER SUPPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

he National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (NSF I/U CRC) program, initiated in 1973, currently sponsors about 58 centers across the nation. The NSF encourages formation of Cooperative Research Centers involving more than one institution. The ...

484

History of Semiconductor Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a running story of semiconductor research from its earliest beginnings up to the present day, with special emphasis on the inception of new ideas and the resolution of older discrepancies. At several points in the story; short interludes are taken to fill in the status as of that time. Semiconductor research began quite inconspicuously about 120 years

G. L. Pearson; W. H. Brattain

1955-01-01

485

Areas of Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter introduces the main topics of research that have benefited so far from the space environment (reduced gravity, ambient radiation, vacuum, etc.), and provides an outlook for future research development. By convention, it is split into two fields: physical sciences/engineering and life sciences.

Aceto, Jessica; Albiol, Joan; Berthier, Audrey; Beysens, Daniel; Boonstra, Johannes; Bradamante, Silvia; Chauveau, Christian; Chouker, Alexander; Clément, Gilles; Colige, Alain C.; Comet, Bernard; Damann, Volker; Durante, Marco; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Fecht, Hans; Hampp, Rüdiger; Hemmersbach, Ruth; Hockey, Bob; Horn, Eberhard; Lambert, Charles A.; Leys, Natalie; Lobascio, Cesare; van Loon, Jack J. W. A.; Mancuso, Stefano; Medina, Francisco Javier; Morfill, Greg; Muller, Marc; Nusgens, Betty V.; Perino, Maria Antonietta; Reitz, Günther; Rothkaehl, Hanna; Sandal, Gro Mjeldheim; Vico, Laurence; Westall, Frances

486

Transformative Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Paradigms serve as metaphysical frameworks that guide researchers in the identification and clarification of their beliefs with regard to ethics, reality, knowledge, and methodology. The transformative paradigm is explained and illustrated as a framework for researchers who place a priority on social justice and the furtherance of human rights.…

Mertens, Donna M.

2010-01-01

487

Research Facilities Needs Soar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obsolescent and inadequate equipment, increased research volume, rising costs, rapid developments in technology, and lack of funding have created a serious and growing problem in capital renewal, replacement, and expansion of facilities for research. The problem varies by institution and is larger than individual schools can address without…

Hug, Jack

1989-01-01

488

The Research Pendulum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research on sexual identities has highlighted the use of oral narratives to understand the lives of lesbians and gay men. Feminist ethnographers, sociologists and queer theorists have further posed methodological inquiries to the issues of insider\\/outsider, the possibilities of an erotic subject and the matter of representation. Using interview data with Hong Kong lesbians, this paper discusses a researcher's

Denise Tse Shang Tang

2007-01-01

489

Toxic Hazards Research Unit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research programs of the Toxic Hazards Research Unit (THRU) for the period of June 1976 through May 1977 are reviewed in this report. Acute and subchronic inhalation toxicity studies were conducted on decalin. Studies were carried out on the oncogenic...

J. D. MacEwen E. H. Vernot

1977-01-01

490

SEER Research Data Agreement  

Cancer.gov

It is of utmost importance to protect the identities of cancer patients. Every effort has been made to exclude identifying information on individual patients from the computer files. Certain demographic information - such as sex, race, etc. - has been included for research purposes. All research results must be presented or published in a manner that ensures that no individual can be identified.

491

Ethics of psychopharmacological research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper raises some of the ethical issues that have become relevant as academia has increasingly relied upon a greater proportion of industry sponsorship for research. First, we must acknowledge, discuss and de- clare the appearance of conflict of interest, taking care not to fuel a public perception of bias. Researchers must be guaranteed academic freedom and professional auton- omy,

O RAFAELSEN; Roy J. O'Shaughnessey

1979-01-01

492

Physical Attractiveness Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a dialectic-interactional perspective, a review of the physical attractiveness research is completed in an attempt to examine a proposed relation between outer appearance and inner psychological characteristics. Four central assumptions about the potential effects of attractiveness relevant to individual development are specified and augmented by supporting social psychological research. The relationship between attractiveness and (a) social stereotyping, (b) social

Gerald R. Adams

1977-01-01

493

Action Research Brings Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the action research approach taken by seven teachers from four rural schools who teamed up to create their own professional development program. Describes the phases of action research which include formulating a question, reflective interviews, data collection, data analysis, and taking action. Briefly discusses the beneficial outcomes…

Keith, Anne

2001-01-01

494

Forming the research question.  

PubMed

The most important precondition for performing a clinical research project in plastic surgery, or any other surgical subspecialty, is the need to ask the "right question." Although this might seem to be an easy task, in truth it requires a lot of effort and hard work. This article addresses the key points to remember when formulating a research question. PMID:18298991

Thoma, Achilleas; McKnight, Leslie; McKay, Paula; Haines, Ted

2008-04-01

495

Aspects of Phosphazene Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review reports research carried out by the authors during the last 10 years. The research involves the synthesis, characterization, functionalization, and possible utilization of cyclo- and polyphosphazenes. The investigations concern the synthesis of poly(dichlorophosphazene) by polycondensation reaction of dichlorophinoyliminotrichlorophosphorane; the grafting of unsaturated organic substrates (maleic anhydride, maleates or vinyl polymers) onto poly(organophosphazenes) by free radical reactions and the

Mario Gleria; Roger De Jaeger

2001-01-01

496

Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on a wide range of experts, the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation works on funding high quality and promising research projects from around the world and serving in an advisory capacity through their efforts in Washington D.C. On their homepage, users can look at their online discussion board, read resources for patients coping with this condition, and become acquainted with their research funding opportunities. Those persons who have recently been diagnosed with mesothelioma can click on the "Get Help" area to submit questions to a medical professional. Scholars already in the field can navigate over to the "Research" area to read up on their grant programs and read research articles and publications relevant to mesothelioma. The site is rounded out by an "Advocacy" area, which provides information about interested parties wishing to help out this cause.

2008-01-01

497

World Bank Research Website  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has collected its economic research so that users can access it through one easy-to-use Webpage. Research is organized into three main sections: Topics, Project Sites, and Key Outputs. These topics are further broken down into subcategories, which are accessible from the front page via pull-down menus or hyperlinked lists. The site also contains a What's New column, which lists the titles of new World Bank resources and classifies them by document type, such as working paper, evaluations of research, and project. Finally, the World Bank Research Website gives a short list of featured resources, which include research on hot topics such as poverty, civil war, and world development.

498

Satellite Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NOAA's Ocean Remote Sensing Division runs the Satellite Research Group, which uses data from environmental satellites to study seasonal and interannual climate variability. Research areas include air-sea interaction (and transfers of heat, momentum, and water); the global hydrological cycle (including water vapor and precipitation); the Earth's radiation budget; and real-time monitoring of the El Nino/La Nina oscillation. Each research area is described in detail at the Website, and links connect users to the latest real-time geostationary satellite data images, as well as to the absolutely spectacular climate image archives. For researchers interested in regional or global scale climate patterns or the use of satellite technology for research purposes, this is an excellent resource.

499

Sampling in Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

In gerontology the most recognized and elaborate discourse about sampling is generally thought to be in quantitative research associated with survey research and medical research. But sampling has long been a central concern in the social and humanistic inquiry, albeit in a different guise suited to the different goals. There is a need for more explicit discussion of qualitative sampling issues. This article will outline the guiding principles and rationales, features, and practices of sampling in qualitative research. It then describes common questions about sampling in qualitative research. In conclusion it proposes the concept of qualitative clarity as a set of principles (analogous to statistical power) to guide assessments of qualitative sampling in a particular study or proposal.

LUBORSKY, MARK R.; RUBINSTEIN, ROBERT L.

2011-01-01

500

Research Link 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An ambitious project of The Council on Undergraduate Research, Research Link 2000 has harnessed the creative powers of college biology faculty "to select, develop and disseminate a group of field-tested, experimental systems and instructional materials that will support the introduction of research-based experiments in introductory biology courses." To that end, the Research Link 2000 homepage acts as a gateway for high-quality, online teaching resources, all of which target biology undergraduates. The heart of the site is the Research Systems section, where users may read about the various ecological systems/ organisms that are featured or follow links directly to the learning sites. Given the limited amount of high-quality, online information with direct utility to college laboratory instructors, this collection of resources promises to be a gold mine.

2000-01-01