These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Osteoarthritis of the spine: the facet joints  

PubMed Central

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the spine involves the facet joints, which are located in the posterior aspect of the vertebral column and, in humans, are the only true synovial joints between adjacent spinal levels. Facet joint osteoarthritis (FJ OA) is widely prevalent in older adults, and is thought to be a common cause of back and neck pain. The prevalence of facet-mediated pain in clinical populations increases with increasing age, suggesting that FJ OA might have a particularly important role in older adults with spinal pain. Nevertheless, to date FJ OA has received far less study than other important OA phenotypes such as knee OA, and other features of spine pathoanatomy such as degenerative disc disease. This Review presents the current state of knowledge of FJ OA, including relevant anatomy, biomechanics, epidemiology, and clinical manifestations. We present the view that the modern concept of FJ OA is consonant with the concept of OA as a failure of the whole joint, and not simply of facet joint cartilage. PMID:23147891

Gellhorn, Alfred C.; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Suri, Pradeep

2014-01-01

2

[Lumbosacral facet syndrome: functional and organic disorders of lumbosacral facet joints].  

PubMed

Disorders of lumbosacral (LS) facet joints are manifested by low back pain with or without referred leg pain and decreased mobility of the LS spine (LS facet syndrome). The most frequent causes of LS facet syndrome are functional disorders (functional blockade or dysfunction of facet joint=reversible restriction of facet joint movements caused by meniscoid entrapment) and degenerative changes of facet joints while the others are less frequent (spondyloarthropathies, infection, tuberculosis, synovial cyst, injury). Although it has been proven that the facet joints are one of the most frequent sources of chronic low back pain (15-45%), the fact is that the facet syndrome has been frequently overlooked in patients with chronic low back pain. Following are the main reasons for explaining why the facet syndrome has been overlooked in patients with chronic low back pain: 1. Facet joints disorders are manifested by non-specific clinical picture, 2.Diagnosis of facet syndrome cannot be established by either the conventional clinical examination or radiological examinations, 3. A very small number of doctors are practicing manual functional examination which can establish the diagnosis of facet joint dysfunction and 4. Diagnostic anesthetic block which can confirm the facet syndrome diagnosis is not a widely accessible method. There is a lack of research in frequency of facet syndrome in patients with acute low back pain. Chronic mechanical low back pain caused by dysfunction of several structurally unchanged facet joints can have the same features as the inflammatory pain which can result in misdiagnosis of spondyloarthropathy. Acute LS facet syndrome caused by dysfunction of facet joints responds very well to manual therapy. The most important therapeutic options in patients with chronic LS facet syndrome caused by degenerative changes and/or dysfunction of facet joints are manual therapy, kinesiotherapy (flexion exercises), therapeutic blocks and radiofrequency denervation. The article describes etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and therapy of LS facet syndrome with emphasis on functional disorders of facet joints that can cause particular diagnostic and therapeutic problems. PMID:22165083

Grgi?, Vjekoslav

2011-01-01

3

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Facet Joint Block  

PubMed Central

It is surprising that about 24% of patients with benign osteoporotic vertebral fracture die within a year from respiratory infection and urinary tract infection because of coughing and voiding difficulties, depending on the sites of compression fractures. We reviewed 500 patients on whom percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) was performed, at 612 levels in terms of patient selection, operation technique, medication, and clinical outcomes during the follow-up course for 2 yr study period. To confirm the most painful level among the multiple fracture sites, physical examination after facet joint block under the fluoroscope was the most reliable method. The mean total lumbar spine fracture threshold of bone mineral density was 0.81±0.05 g/cm2. The mean changes of numeric rating scale scores, Oswestry Disability Index except sex life, and Karnofsky performance status were -72.00, -83.50 and +60.62% in the osteoporosis group and -51.89, -45.02, and 69.03% in the tumor group. Complications related to the procedure were lateral spinal cord damage, transient paresthesia and transient hypotension. PVP with facet joint block is a profitable method for the vertebral compression fracture because of low risk and short duration of procedure with a high chance to result in pain relief and early mobilization. PMID:16361816

Kim, Tae-Kyun; Kim, Cheul-Hong; Shin, Sang-Wook; Kwon, Jae-Young; Kim, Hae-Kyu; Baik, Seong-Wan

2005-01-01

4

Biomechanical characterisation of ovine spinal facet joint cartilage.  

PubMed

The spinal facet joints are known to be an important component in the kinematics and the load transmission of the spine. The articular cartilage in the facet joint is prone to degenerative changes which lead to back pain and treatments for the condition have had limited long term success. There is currently a lack of information on the basic biomechanical properties of the facet joint cartilage which is needed to develop tissue substitution or regenerative interventions. In the present study, the thickness and biphasic properties of ovine facet cartilage were determined using a combination of indentation tests and computational modelling. The equilibrium biphasic Young's modulus and permeability were derived to be 0.76±0.35 MPa and 1.61±1.10×10?¹? m?/(Ns) respectively, which were within the range of cartilage properties characterised from the human synovial joints. The average thickness of the ovine facet cartilage was 0.52±0.10 mm, which was measured using a needle indentation test. These properties could potentially be used for the development of substitution or tissue engineering interventions and for computational modelling of the facet joint. Furthermore, the developed method to characterise the facet cartilage could be used for other animals or human donors. PMID:22483055

Abd Latif, Mohd Juzaila; Jin, Zhongmin; Wilcox, Ruth K

2012-05-11

5

Uncovertebral joint injury in cervical facet dislocation: the headphones sign  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our study is to demonstrate the uncovertebral mal-alignment as a reliable indirect sign of cervical facet joint\\u000a dislocation. We examined the uncovertebral axial plane alignment of 12 patients with unilateral and bilateral cervical facet\\u000a joint dislocation (UCFJD and BCFJD, respectively), comparing its frequency to the reverse hamburger bun sign on CT and MR\\u000a axial images. Of the

Francesco Palmieri; Victor N. Cassar-Pullicino; Claudia Dell’Atti; Radhesh K. Lalam; Bernhard J. Tins; Prudencia N. M. Tyrrell; Iain W. McCall

2006-01-01

6

Three-dimensional evaluation of the facet joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging nave revolurionalized analysis of vertebral anatomy and pathology. Further advances with 3-dimensional imaging have recently become an important adjunct for diagnosis and treatment in structural abnormalities. Facets are intimately related to their surrounding musculature and malalignment may cause pain directly or indirectly. High resolution 3-dimensional reformations of CT Scans give us new insight on structure and function of facet joints, since their motion and architecture are ever complex. It is well documented in the literature that facet joint biomecnanics is a partial contributor to the myriad at causes of low back The term "facet Joint syndrome" was coined in 1933 by GhorMley.3 The osteopathic lesion complex is well defined by LeRoy and McCole and comparison of roentgenographic findings before and after manipulation has teen described by Long and Lioyd.4,5 since alterations in facet biamechanics are an important aspect of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OT), 3-dimensional hign resolution imaging will prove to be a great asset in osteopathic research. Rotating the spine allows for different viewing perspectives to provide optimal and consistent measurements of the facet joint. Rotations are performed on the X, Y and 7, axis and measurements pre and post-manipulation are performed and compared on matching axis and perspectives. Rotation about the X, Y and Z axis help appreciate the 3-dimensionality of the vertebral column to project to the viewer a feeling that the spine is floating in space before them. This does give the viewer a 3-D understanding of the object however, only at a perspective at a Lime.

Folio, Les R.

1990-04-01

7

Unilateral lumbar facet joint hypertrophy causing nerve root irritation.  

PubMed

We present four cases of massive unilateral lumbar facet joint hypertrophy in an otherwise morphologically normal spine. All presented with a combination of low back pain and symptoms of entrapment of a single lumbar nerve root. The abnormality is best visualised by CT scanning and the results of surgical decompression by partial undercutting facetectomy are favourable. PMID:3190129

Wilde, G P; Szypryt, E P; Mulholland, R C

1988-09-01

8

Arthritis of the subtalar joint associated with sustentaculum tali facet configuration.  

PubMed Central

The articular facets of the sustentaculum tali have a variety of configurations that are generally viewed as nonmetric traits of little functional significance. Bruckner (1987), in contrast, has hypothesised that sustentaculum tali facet variations are functionally important because they influence subtalar joint stability. To test this hypothesis, 191 calcanei were analysed for correlations between sustentaculum tali facet morphology and osteoarthritis of the subtalar joint. Calcanei with 2 separate sustentaculum tali facets had a lower frequency of arthritic changes associated with joint instability than calcanei with other facet configurations. This finding supports Bruckner's hypothesis that subtalar joint facet configuration is a factor in foot mobility. PMID:8300440

Drayer-Verhagen, F

1993-01-01

9

Unilateral lumbar facet joint hypertrophy causing nerve root irritation.  

PubMed Central

We present four cases of massive unilateral lumbar facet joint hypertrophy in an otherwise morphologically normal spine. All presented with a combination of low back pain and symptoms of entrapment of a single lumbar nerve root. The abnormality is best visualised by CT scanning and the results of surgical decompression by partial undercutting facetectomy are favourable. Images fig. 1 fig. 2 fig. 3 fig. 4 PMID:3190129

Wilde, G. P.; Szypryt, E. P.; Mulholland, R. C.

1988-01-01

10

Facet joint laser radiation: tissue effects of a new clinical laser application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chronic unilateral and bilateral back pain with pseudoradicular symptoms, is a common clinical syndrome, which in many cases can be related to the facet joint syndrome. The pain is caused by mechanical affection of synovial and capsular nerve terminals. Therefore, current therapeutical attempts including physical therapy, intra-articular injection of local anesthetics and steroids and thermocoagulation of the facet joint with a thermocoagulator, are performed. We confirmed laser coagulation of the facet joint. Porcine cadaveric spines were treated immediately after death by intra-articular facet joint laser radiation. With the pulsed Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) altogether 600 J were applied in three different places 4 mm apart at the top of the facet joint. The results showed that facet joint laser radiation leads to a small (about 1 - 2 mm diameter) lesion restricted to the facet joint cavity and its synovia. Histologically, we found a central carbonization zone and necrosis, including almost the whole cartilage and approximately 0.2 mm of the adjacent bone. These changes are similar to Nd:Yag-laser applications in other skeletal regions. It is suggested that these changes may lead to facet joint denervation by coagulation of the synovial nerve terminals. Cicatration of the laser lesion might cause ankylosis of this joint. In sum, facet joint laser radiation could be an alternative therapeutical tool for lower back pain of the facet joint syndrome type. Therefore, future clinical application of this technique seems to be very promising.

Werkmann, Klaus; Thal, Dietmar R.

1996-01-01

11

Percutaneous CT-Guided Treatment of Lumbar Facet Joint Synovial Cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symptomatic intraspinal lumbar facet joint synovial cysts can be managed both conservatively and surgically. Diagnosis of\\u000a the lumbar facet joint cyst is made through cross-sectional imaging of the spine, either by computerized tomography (CT) scan,\\u000a myelography, or most commonly magnetic resonance imaging. Conservative treatment by facet joint injection can be performed\\u000a under fluoroscopic or CT guidance, although only CT guidance

Anthony Chang

2009-01-01

12

Percutaneous CT-guided treatment of lumbar facet joint synovial cysts.  

PubMed

Symptomatic intraspinal lumbar facet joint synovial cysts can be managed both conservatively and surgically. Diagnosis of the lumbar facet joint cyst is made through cross-sectional imaging of the spine, either by computerized tomography (CT) scan, myelography, or most commonly magnetic resonance imaging. Conservative treatment by facet joint injection can be performed under fluoroscopic or CT guidance, although only CT guidance provides direct visualization of the cyst confirming accurate needle placement. This case report illustrates the use of percutaneous CT-guided facet joint cyst treatment as a temporizing measure or alternative to surgical treatment in the proper clinical scenario. PMID:19597890

Chang, Anthony

2009-09-01

13

The value of SPECT scans in identifying back pain likely to benefit from facet joint injection  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Lumbar facet disease is sometimes implicated in low back pain. Identification is difficult and this may account for a variable response. Single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) is a scanning technique which enables localization of facet joint pathology. We determined whether recognition of facet disease by this method improved the response to corticosteroi d injection treatment. Fifty-eight patients with

A. L. DOLAN; P. J. RYAN; N. K. ARDEN; R. STRATTON; J. R. WEDLEY; W. HAMANN; T. GIBSON

1996-01-01

14

Association between facet joint osteoarthritis and the Oswestry Disability Index  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the correlation of facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) at lumbar levels L4/L5 and L5/S1 and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). METHODS: The study involved lumbar MRIs of 591 patients with a mean age of 47.3 years. The MRIs of the lumbar spine were performed on a 1.5 Tesla scanner (Magnetom® Avanto, Siemens AG, Erlangen, Germany) using a dedicated receive only spine coil. After initial blinding, each dataset was evaluated by 2 board certified radiologist with more than 5 years experience in musculoskeletal imaging. In total 2364 facet joints were graded. Degenerative changes of the facet joints were evaluated according to the 4-point scale as proposed by Weishaupt et al Functional status was assessed using the ODI. The index is scored from 0 to 100 and interpreted as follows: 0%-20%, minimal disability; 20%-40%, moderate disability; 40%-60%, severe disability; 60%-80%, crippled; 80%-100%, patients are bedbound. Spearman’s coefficient of rank correlation was used for statistical analysis, with significance set at P < 0.05. RESULTS: In total 2364 facet joints at lumbar levels L4/5 and L5/S1 were analysed in 591 individuals. FJOA was present in 97% (L4/L5) and 98% (L5/S1). At level L4/5 (left/right) 17/15 (2.9%/2.5%) were described as grade 0, 146/147 (24.7%/24.9%) as grade 1, 290/302 (49.1%/51.1%) as grade 2 and 138/127 (23.4%/21.5%) as grade 3. At level L5/S1 (left/right) 10/11 (1.7%/1.9%) were described as grade 0, 136/136 (23.0%/23.0%) as grade 1, 318/325 (53.8%/55.0%) as grade 2 and 127/119 (21.5%/20.1%) as grade 3. Regarding the ODI scores, patients’ disability had a minimum of 0% and a maximum of 91.11% with an arithmetic mean of 32.77% ± 17.02%. The majority of patients (48.39%) had moderate functional disability (21%-40%). There was no significant correlation between FJOA and ODI on both sides of lumbar level L4/5 and on the left side of lumbar level L5/S1. A weak positive correlation was evaluated between ODI and FJOA on the right side of lumbar level L5/S1. CONCLUSION: The missing correlation of FJOA and ODI confirms our clinical experience that imaging alone is an insufficient approach explaining low back pain. Clinical correlation is imperative for an adequate diagnostic advance in patients with low back pain.

Maataoui, Adel; Vogl, Thomas J; Middendorp, Marcus; Kafchitsas, Konstantinos; Khan, M Fawad

2014-01-01

15

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition of multiple lumbar facet joints: a case report.  

PubMed

Pseudogout of the lumbar facet joints is rare. We report on a 69-year-old woman with 2-level symptomatic synovial cysts of the facet joints caused by calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition. She underwent surgical decompression for sciatica and low back pain. At one-year follow-up, she had recovered completely. PMID:22933691

Namazie, Mohamed Ridzwan bin Mohamed; Fosbender, Murray R

2012-08-01

16

Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound treatment of facet joint pain: summary of preclinical phase  

PubMed Central

Study design A phantom experiment, two thermocouple experiments, three in vivo pig experiments, and a simulated treatment on a healthy human volunteer were conducted to test the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) for treating facet joint pain. Objective The goal of the current study was to develop a novel method for accurate and safe noninvasive facet joint ablation using MRgFUS. Summary of background data Facet joints are a common source of chronic back pain. Direct facet joint interventions include medial branch nerve ablation and intra-articular injections, which are widely used, but limited in the short and long term. MRgFUS is a breakthrough technology that enables accurate delivery of high-intensity focused ultrasound energy to create a localized temperature rise for tissue ablation, using MR guidance for treatment planning and real-time feedback. Methods We validated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of MRgFUS for facet joint ablation using the ExAblate 2000® System (InSightec Ltd., Tirat Carmel, Israel) and confirmed the system's ability to ablate the edge of the facet joint and all terminal nerves innervating the joint. A phantom experiment, two thermocouple experiments, three in vivo pig experiments, and a simulated treatment on a healthy human volunteer were conducted. Results The experiments showed that targeting the facet joint with energies of 150–450 J provides controlled and accurate heating at the facet joint edge without penetration to the vertebral body, spinal canal, or root foramina. Treating with reduced diameter of the acoustic beam is recommended since a narrower beam improves access to the targeted areas. Conclusions MRgFUS can safely and effectively target and ablate the facet joint. These results are highly significant, given that this is the first study to demonstrate the potential of MRgFUS to treat facet joint pain. PMID:24921048

2014-01-01

17

Synovial Cysts of the Lumbar Facet Joints: A Retrospective Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study Investigating their Relation with Degenerative Spondylolisthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with synovial cysts of the facet joints were compared with patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of their spondyloses. The lumbar MRI of 30 patients with DS (group 1) 24 patients with synovial cysts of the facet joints (group 2) were studied. All patients were evaluated in terms of facet joint arthritis,

2009-01-01

18

Presence and Extent of Severe Facet Joint Osteoarthritis Are Associated with Back Pain in Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether the presence and extent of severe lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with back pain in older adults, accounting for disc height narrowing and other covariates. Design 252 older adults from the Framingham Offspring Cohort (mean age 67 years) were studied. Participants received standardized CT assessments of lumbar facet joint OA and disc height narrowing at the L2-S1 interspaces using 4-grade semi-quantitative scales. Severe facet joint OA was defined according to the presence and/or degree of joint space narrowing, osteophytosis, articular process hypertrophy, articular erosions, subchondral cysts, and intraarticular vacuum phenomenon. Severe disc height narrowing was defined as marked narrowing with endplates almost in contact. Back pain was defined as participant report of pain on most days or all days in the past 12 months. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between severe facet joint OA and back pain, adjusting for key covariates including disc height narrowing, sociodemographics, anthropometrics, and health factors. Results Severe facet joint OA was more common in participants with back pain than those without (63.2% vs. 46.7%;p=0.03). In multivariable analyses, presence of any severe facet joint OA remained significantly associated with back pain (odds ratio[OR]2.15 (95% confidence interval [CI]1.13-4.08). Each additional joint with severe OA conferred greater odds of back pain (OR per joint 1.20 (95% CI;1.02-1.41). Conclusions The presence and extent of severe facet joint OA on CT imaging is associated with back pain in community-based older adults, independent of sociodemographics, health factors, and disc height narrowing. PMID:23973131

Suri, Pradeep; Hunter, David J.; Rainville, James; Guermazi, Ali; Katz, Jeffrey N.

2014-01-01

19

MR imaging of lumbar facet joint synovial cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The increasing application of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the spine has raised the awareness of lumbar facet synovial\\u000a cysts (LFSC). This well recognised, yet uncommon condition, presents with low back pain and radiculopathy due to the presence\\u000a of an extradural mass. The commonest affected level is L4\\/5 with a mild degenerative spondylolisthesis a frequent associated\\u000a finding. MR imaging

E. Apostolaki; A. M. Davies; N. Evans; V. N. Cassar-Pullicino

2000-01-01

20

Comparison of Superior Level Facet Joint Violations During Open and Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Placement  

PubMed Central

Background Superior-level facet joint violation by pedicle screws may result in increased stress to the level above the instrumentation and may contribute to adjacent segment disease (ASD). Previous studies have evaluated facet joint violations in open or percutaneous screw cases, but there are no reports describing a direct institutional comparison. Objective To compare the incidence of superior-level facet violation for open versus percutaneous pedicle screws, and evaluate patient and surgical factors that impact this outcome. Methods We reviewed 279 consecutive patients who underwent an index instrumented lumbar fusion from 2007 to 2011 for degenerative spine disease with stenosis with or without spondylolisthesis. We used a CT grading system which represents progressively increasing grades of facet joint violation. Patient and surgical factors were evaluated to determine their impact on facet violation. Results Our cohort consisted of 126 open and 153 percutaneous cases. Percutaneous procedures had a higher overall violation grade (p=0.018) and greater incidence of high-grade violations (p=0.0059) compared to open procedures. Bivariate analysis showed significantly greater violations in percutaneous cases for age<65, obesity, pedicle screws at L4, and 1- and 2-level surgeries. Multivariate analysis showed the percutaneous approach and depth of the spine to be independent risk factors for high-grade violations. Conclusion This study demonstrates greater facet violations for percutaneously placed pedicle screws compared to open. PMID:22843132

Babu, Ranjith; Park, Jong G.; Mehta, Ankit I.; Shan, Tony; Grossi, Peter M.; Brown, Christopher R.; Richardson, William J.; Isaacs, Robert E.; Bagley, Carlos A.; Kuchibhatla, Maragatha; Gottfried, Oren N.

2012-01-01

21

Ultrasound-guided facet joint injection to treat a spinal cyst.  

PubMed

Lumbar spinal cysts often present with backache and may be accompanied by lower extremity weakness as well as radiation pain if root compression occurs. The treatment regimens include anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, procedures guided by fluoroscopy or computed tomography, and surgery. We report the case of a patient with a symptomatic lumbar spinal cyst at the L4-L5 facet joint. The symptoms immediately remitted after ultrasound-guided steroid-lidocaine injection into the L4-L5 facet joint. Magnetic resonance imaging follow up 4 months after injection showed complete resolution of the cyst. PMID:24631041

Lin, Tung-Liang; Chung, Chin-Teng; Lan, Howard Haw-Chang; Sheen, Huey-Min

2014-04-01

22

Orthopaedic Surgery Center of Joint Preservation and Replacement  

E-print Network

Orthopaedic Surgery Center of Joint Preservation and Replacement Hip Arthroscopy Postoperative or a cold pack on the front and side of your hip for 20 to 30 minutes several times a day to help reduce you. #12;Orthopaedic Surgery Center of Joint Preservation and Replacement Hip Arthroscopy

Kim, Duck O.

23

Synovial cysts of the lumbar facet joints: a retrospective magnetic resonance imaging study investigating their relation with degenerative spondylolisthesis.  

PubMed

Patients with synovial cysts of the facet joints were compared with patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), based on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of their spondyloses. The lumbar MRI of 30 patients with DS (group 1) 24 patients with synovial cysts of the facet joints (group 2) were studied. All patients were evaluated in terms of facet joint arthritis, disc degeneration, facet joint effusion, and the thickness of the flaval ligament. 54.1% of the patients with synovial cysts had associated DS. The mean grade of disc degeneration (2.43+/-0.50 and 2.13+/-0.68 in groups 1 and 2, respectively) and the mean thickness of the flaval ligament (3.20+/-1.22 mm and 3.83+/-1.46 mm in groups 1 and 2, respectively) did not differ between the groups (p=0.093 and p=0.097). The mean grade of facet joint osteoarthritis (2.53+/-0.51 and 2.08+/-0.72 in groups 1 and 2, respectively) was significantly higher in group 1 (p=0.18). The co-existance of synovial effusion was significantly higher in cases with synovial cysts. (p=0.008). Synovial cysts are associated with DS and facet joint osteoarthritis. The presence of synovial effusion and the high degree of disc degeneration are prominent features in patients with synovial cysts. Although osteoarthritis and DS are highly concomitant with facet joint synovial cysts, both conditions do not invariably lead to a cyst formation. PMID:20059882

Alicioglu, B; Sut, N

2009-01-01

24

Pedicle marrow signal intensity changes in the lumbar spine: a manifestation of facet degenerative joint disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Signal intensity changes in lumbar pedicles, similar to those described in vertebral body endplates adjacent to degenerated\\u000a discs, have been described as an ancillary sign of spondylolysis on MRI. The purpose of this study was to determine whether\\u000a pedicle marrow signal intensity changes also occur in association with facet degenerative joint disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design. Eighty-nine lumbar spine MRI examinations without

Jennifer L. Morrison; Phoebe A. Kaplan; Robert G. Dussault; Mark W. Anderson

2000-01-01

25

The orientation of the articular facets of the zygapophyseal joints at the cervical and upper thoracic region.  

PubMed

Knowledge of the orientation of facet joints in the cervical and upper thoracic region is important for understanding the biomechanical properties and clinical conditions relevant to the neck. The study was undertaken on dry macerated bones from 30 adult male human vertebral columns. The orientation of the superior articular facets in relation to their inclination with the sagittal and transverse planes was examined between C3 and T3 vertebrae in each column. The linear dimensions of the superior articular facets and the width/height ratio were also calculated. The results show that all vertebrae at C3 level and 73% at C4 level displayed posteromedially facing superior articular facets. Similarly at T1 level (C7/T1 joint) and below, all columns showed posterolaterally facing superior articular facets. The level of change in orientation, from posteromedial to posterolateral facing superior facets, was not constant and occurred anywhere between C4 (C3/C4 joint) and T1 (C7/T1 joint). The change in orientation followed 2 different patterns, i.e. sudden or gradual. The C6 vertebra (C5/C6 joint) was the most frequent site to show the transition. The shape of the superior articular facets was circular to oval at C3, C4 and C5 levels and gradually changed to a transversely elongated surface at C7 and T1. These findings correlate well with various cervical movements and associated clinical conditions. PMID:11327205

Pal, G P; Routal, R V; Saggu, S K

2001-04-01

26

Technical factors related to the incidence of adjacent superior segment facet joint violation after transpedicular instrumentation in the lumbar spine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Segmental pedicle screw fixation is rapidly becoming a popular method of spinal instrumentation. Few studies have investigated\\u000a the rates of adjacent superior segment facet joint violation. The purpose of our study were to investigate the incidence of\\u000a superior segment facet joint violation after pedicle screw instrumentation in the lumbar spine and to evaluate technical factors\\u000a related to the incidence. A

Zhiming Chen; Jie Zhao; Hao Xu; Aigang Liu; Jiandong Yuan; Cong Wang

2008-01-01

27

Technical factors related to the incidence of adjacent superior segment facet joint violation after transpedicular instrumentation in the lumbar spine  

PubMed Central

Segmental pedicle screw fixation is rapidly becoming a popular method of spinal instrumentation. Few studies have investigated the rates of adjacent superior segment facet joint violation. The purpose of our study were to investigate the incidence of superior segment facet joint violation after pedicle screw instrumentation in the lumbar spine and to evaluate technical factors related to the incidence. A prospective study including 96 patients who underwent lumbar and lumbosacral fusion was conducted between March 2006 and December 2007. All patients had bilateral or unilateral posterior pedicle screw-rod instrumentation with either CD-Horizon (top-loading screw) or TSRH (side-connecting screw) implants. Pedicle screws were instrumented according to the methods advocated by Roy-Camille (Group 1, 20 cases) or Weinstein (Group 2, 76 cases). All patients had computed tomography scan at 1 week post operation. CT scans were reviewed blind by an experienced spine research fellow and a consultant radiologist to determine violation of the adjacent superior segment facet joint. Superior segment facet joint violation occurred in all of the 20 patients (100%) and all of the top-level screws (100%) in Group 1. The spinal research fellow noted the incidence of facet joint violation to be present in 23.8% of the screws and 32.9% of the patients in Group 2, whereas the consultant radiologist noted this to be the case in 25.2 and 35.5%, respectively. The incidence of facet joint violation in patients with CD-Horizon screws was far lower than patients with TSRH screws (P < 0.001). In conclusion, it seems that meticulous surgical dissection without injuring the top-level facet joints, proper instrumentation of pedicle screws with the appropriate entry site (Weinstein’s method), trajectory, and use of top-loading screw heads are some ways that surgeons could minimize the risk of top-level facet joint violation. PMID:18795343

Chen, Zhiming; Xu, Hao; Liu, Aigang; Yuan, Jiandong; Wang, Cong

2008-01-01

28

CT-Guided Transfacet Pedicle Screw Fixation in Facet Joint Syndrome: A Novel Approach.  

PubMed

Axial microinstability secondary to disc degeneration and consequent chronic facet joint syndrome (CFJS) is a well-known pathological entity, usually responsible for low back pain (LBP). Although posterior lumbar fixation (PIF) has been widely used for lumbar spine instability and LBP, complications related to wrong screw introduction, perineural scars and extensive muscle dissection leading to muscle dysfunction have been described. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of facet joints zygapophyseal nerves conventionally used for pain treatment fails in approximately 21% of patients. We investigated a "covert-surgery" minimal invasive technique to treat local spinal instability and LBP, using a novel fully CT-guided approach in patients with axial instability complicated by CFJS resistant to radioablation, by introducing direct fully or partially threaded transfacet screws (transfacet fixation - TFF), to acquire solid arthrodesis, reducing instability and LBP. The CT-guided procedure was well tolerated by all patients in simple analogue sedation, and mean operative time was approximately 45 minutes. All eight patients treated underwent clinical and CT study follow-up at two months, revealing LBP disappearance in six patients, and a significant reduction of lumbar pain in two. In conclusion, CT-guided TFF is a fast and safe technique when facet posterior fixation is needed. PMID:25363265

Manfré, Luigi

2014-10-31

29

Which portion in a facet is specifically affected by articular cartilage degeneration with aging in the human lumbar zygapophysial joint?  

PubMed

Using 10 osteoligamentous vertebral columns obtained from elderly donated cadavers, we describe in detail degenerative changes of the articular cartilage in lumbar zygapophysial joints to show which portion in a facet is specifically affected. Degenerative changes, including extended cartilage defects, occurred in multiple facets of every specimen. The results demonstrated 5 basic morphologies of degeneration, i.e., 1) marginal dominace in the articular surface, 2) lower segment dominance except for the lowest (L5/S) facet, 3) advancement in the inferior articular process, 4) cranial and caudal dominance rather than the dorsal dominance in the articular surface and 5) progress in a mirror-image manner. These rules seemed to be consistent with differences in size, shape and kinesiological aspects of the facet between segments and between portions in a facet. PMID:12858963

Tanno, Iwao; Oguma, Hiroshi; Murakami, Gen; Sato, Shu-ichi; Yamashita, Toshihiko

2003-05-01

30

Lumbar Facet Joint Synovial Cysts: Does T2 Signal Intensity Predict Outcomes after Percutaneous Rupture?  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lumbar facet synovial cysts are a cause of back pain and radiculopathy with facet joint degeneration, the most common cause for cyst formation. Typically, LFSCs are T2 hyperintense on MR imaging, but the signal intensity is variable. Treatment options include percutaneous rupture and surgical resection. This study evaluates the relationship between LFSC signal intensity on MR imaging and outcomes as it relates to percutaneous rupture success and need for subsequent surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 110 patients who underwent CT fluoroscopic-guided rupture of symptomatic LFSCs was performed. The LFSCs were characterized by their T2 signal intensity on MR imaging and divided into 3 groups: high, intermediate, and low T2 signal intensity. The rates of successful cyst rupture and need for subsequent surgery were recorded. RESULTS Percutaneous LFSC rupture was technically successful in 87% of all cases. Cyst rupture was successful in 89% and 90% of high and intermediate signal intensity cysts, respectively, and in 65% of low signal intensity cysts (P = .017, .030). High signal intensity cysts had lower postprocedural surgical rates (29%) when compared with intermediate and low signal cyst as a group (P = .045). CONCLUSIONS T2 hyperintense and intermediate signal intensity LFSCs are easier to rupture, perhaps because the cysts contain a higher proportion of fluid and are less gelatinous or calcified than T2 hypointense cysts. Patients with T2 hyperintense LFSCs are less likely to need surgery. PMID:23449657

Cambron, S.C.; McIntyre, J.J.; Guerin, S.J.; Li, Z.; Pastel, D.A.

2013-01-01

31

The short- and mid-term effect of dynamic interspinous distraction in the treatment of recurrent lumbar facet joint pain  

PubMed Central

Owing to failure to achieve positive long-term effects, the currently performed treatment methods for lumbar facet joint syndrome (LFJS) are still under debate. Interspinous distraction devices unload the facet joints. Thus, these devices might be an alternative surgical treatment method for LFJS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of an interspinous distraction device for the treatment of LFJS. Subjects had verified single level LFJS at level L4–5. They received percutaneous facet joint denervation (PFJD). If pain persisted, they were offered implantation of an interspinous device (Coflex) and/or repeat PFJD. Clinical and radiological outcome was determined before and after PFJD or surgery up to 2 years afterwards in all cases. Forty-one patients with LFJS at L4–5 underwent PFJD. Twenty patients with persisting pain underwent a subsequent surgery for implantation of an interspinous device. Five patients with recurrent pain at 6–12 months opted for an additional PFJD. Three obese patients (body weight >100 kg) had persistent pain at 3 months after surgery and received additionally dorsal semi-dynamic stabilization. The clinical outcome improved significantly in the surgically treated patients; however, it did not differ compared with patients receiving PFJD only after 24 months. Radiological evaluation revealed a restricted range of motion (ROM) of the operated and an elevated ROM of the adjacent segment. Surgical or device-related complications were not observed. In conclusions, the implantation of an interspinous Coflex device in case of recurrent facet joint pain succeeds to improve facet joint pain in clinical short-and mid-term settings. However, it does not exceed the outcome of denervated patients. PMID:19727852

Abbushi, Alexander; Woiciechowsky, Christian; Kroppenstedt, Stefan

2009-01-01

32

Biomechanical evaluation of the impact of various facet joint lesions on the primary stability of anterior plate fixation in cervical dislocation injuries: a cadaver study.  

PubMed

Object Injuries of the subaxial cervical spine including facet joints and posterior ligaments are common. Potential surgical treatments consist of anterior, posterior, or anterior-posterior fixation. Because each approach has its advantages and disadvantages, the best treatment is debated. This biomechanical cadaver study compared the effect of different facet joint injuries on primary stability following anterior plate fixation. Methods Fractures and plate fixation were performed on 15 fresh-frozen intact cervical spines (C3-T1). To simulate a translation-rotation injury in all groups, complete ligament rupture and facet dislocation were simulated by dissecting the entire posterior and anterior ligament complex between C-4 and C-5. In the first group, the facet joints were left intact. In the second group, one facet joint between C-4 and C-5 was removed and the other side was left intact. In the third group, both facet joints between C-4 and C-5 were removed. The authors next performed single-level anterior discectomy and interbody grafting using bone material from the respective thoracic vertebral bodies. An anterior cervical locking plate was used for fixation. Continuous loading was performed using a servohydraulic test bench at 2 N/sec. The mean load failure was measured when the implant failed. Results In the group in which both facet joints were intact, the mean load failure was 174.6 ± 46.93 N. The mean load failure in the second group where only one facet joint was removed was 127.8 ± 22.83 N. In the group in which both facet joints were removed, the mean load failure was 73.42 ± 32.51 N. There was a significant difference between the first group (both facet joints intact) and the third group (both facet joints removed) (p < 0.05, Kruskal-Wallis test). Conclusions In this cadaver study, primary stability of anterior plate fixation for dislocation injuries of the subaxial cervical spine was dependent on the presence of the facet joints. If the bone in one or both facet joints is damaged in the clinical setting, anterior plate fixation in combination with bone grafting might not provide sufficient stabilization; additional posterior stabilization may be needed. PMID:25014498

Oberkircher, Ludwig; Born, Sebastian; Struewer, Johannes; Bliemel, Christopher; Buecking, Benjamin; Wack, Christina; Bergmann, Martin; Ruchholtz, Steffen; Krüger, Antonio

2014-10-01

33

Systematic review of tests to identify the disc, SIJ or facet joint as the source of low back pain  

PubMed Central

Clinical practice guidelines state that the tissue source of low back pain cannot be specified in the majority of patients. However, there has been no systematic review of the accuracy of diagnostic tests used to identify the source of low back pain. The aim of this systematic review was therefore to determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests available to clinicians to identify the disc, facet joint or sacroiliac joint (SIJ) as the source of low back pain. MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched up to February 2006 with citation tracking of eligible studies. Eligible studies compared index tests with an appropriate reference test (discography, facet joint or SIJ blocks or medial branch blocks) in patients with low back pain. Positive likelihood ratios (+LR) > 2 or negative likelihood ratios (-LR) < 0.5 were considered informative. Forty-one studies of moderate quality were included; 28 investigated the disc, 8 the facet joint and 7 the SIJ. Various features observed on MRI (high intensity zone, endplate changes and disc degeneration) produced informative +LR (> 2) in the majority of studies increasing the probability of the disc being the low back pain source. However, heterogeneity of the data prevented pooling. +LR ranged from 1.5 to 5.9, 1.6 to 4.0, and 0.6 to 5.9 for high intensity zone, disc degeneration and endplate changes, respectively. Centralisation was the only clinical feature found to increase the likelihood of the disc as the source of pain: +LR = 2.8 (95%CI 1.4–5.3). Absence of degeneration on MRI was the only test found to reduce the likelihood of the disc as the source of pain: ?LR = 0.21 (95%CI 0.12–0.35). While single manual tests of the SIJ were uninformative, their use in combination was informative with +LR of 3.2 (95%CI 2.3–4.4) and ?LR of 0.29 (95%CI 0.12–0.35). None of the tests for facet joint pain were found to be informative. The results of this review demonstrate that tests do exist that change the probability of the disc or SIJ (but not the facet joint) as the source of low back pain. However, the changes in probability are usually small and at best moderate. The usefulness of these tests in clinical practice, particularly for guiding treatment selection, remains unclear. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00586-007-0391-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:17566796

Maher, C. G.; Latimer, J.; Spindler, M. F.; McAuley, J. H.; Laslett, M.; Bogduk, N.

2007-01-01

34

[Joint-preserving osteotomy of malunited ankle and pilon fractures].  

PubMed

Malunion and nonunion after ankle and pilon fractures regularly lead to the development of painful functional impairment even in cases of only mild axial deviation or residual joint incongruity. Involvement of the tibial pilon results in rapid progression of posttraumatic ankle arthritis. Corrective osteotomy with joint preservation aims at secondary anatomical reconstruction with functional rehabilitation. This requires a careful preoperative analysis and will be possible in carefully selected cases only. Prerequisites for successful reconstruction are intact cartilage, sufficient bone quality, residual joint function and good patient compliance. Since the works of B. G. Weber, joint-sparing osteotomy is an established treatment option for malunited malleolar fractures with reliable long-term results and low rates of complications and secondary fusions. Key to success is the re-establishment of the length of the distal fibula and repositioning into the tibial incisura in cases of syndesmotic instability. Corrections of the medial malleolus and posterior tibial fragment are less frequent. Corrective intra-articular osteotomies for malunited pilon fractures are rarely feasible because of manifest arthritis at the time of patient presentation in most cases. Besides case reports there is only one series of 14 patients available in the literature. At 5-year follow-up, a good to excellent result was seen in 10 cases and secondary ankle fusion was done in 2 patients with a poor result. Anatomical reconstruction of malunited tibial pilon fractures appears to be a viable treatment option besides arthroplasty and fusion in carefully selected patients. PMID:23975052

Rammelt, S; Marti, R K; Zwipp, H

2013-09-01

35

Evaluation of Lumbar Facet Joint Nerve Blocks in Managing Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial with a 2-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Study Design: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Objective: To determine the clinical effectiveness of therapeutic lumbar facet joint nerve blocks with or without steroids in managing chronic low back pain of facet joint origin. Summary of Background Data: Lumbar facet joints have been shown as the source of chronic pain in 21% to 41% of low back patients with an average prevalence of 31% utilizing controlled comparative local anesthetic blocks. Intraarticular injections, medial branch blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy of lumbar facet joint nerves have been described in the alleviation of chronic low back pain of facet joint origin. Methods: The study included 120 patients with 60 patients in each group with local anesthetic alone or local anesthetic and steroids. The inclusion criteria was based upon a positive response to diagnostic controlled, comparative local anesthetic lumbar facet joint blocks. Outcome measures included the numeric rating scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), opioid intake, and work status, at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Results: Significant improvement with significant pain relief of ? 50% and functional improvement of ? 40% were observed in 85% in Group 1, and 90% in Group II, at 2-year follow-up. The patients in the study experienced significant pain relief for 82 to 84 weeks of 104 weeks, requiring approximately 5 to 6 treatments with an average relief of 19 weeks per episode of treatment. Conclusions: Therapeutic lumbar facet joint nerve blocks, with or without steroids, may provide a management option for chronic function-limiting low back pain of facet joint origin. PMID:20567613

Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Singh, Vijay; Falco, Frank J.E.; Cash, Kimberly A.; Pampati, Vidyasagar

2010-01-01

36

Influences of denucleation on contact force of facet joints under whole body vibration.  

PubMed

To investigate the influence of the injured disc, frequency, load and damping on the facet contact forces of the low lumbar spine on the condition of whole body vibration, a detailed 3-D nonlinear finite element model was created based on the actual geometrical data of embalmed vertebrae of lumbar spine. The denucleation and facetectomy, together with removal of the capsular ligaments was employed to mimic the injury conditions of lumbar spine after surgery. The compression cyclic force was assumed to mimic the dynamic loads of transport vehicles. The results show that the high frequency vibration might increase both of the value and the vibration amplitude of facet contact forces of the lumbar spine under whole body vibration. The nucleus removal may increase significantly the facet contact forces. Although damping can decrease the vibration amplitude of facet contact forces for intact models, it has less effect on the vibration amplitude of facet contact force for the denucleated models. The denucleation of intervertebral discs is more harmful to the facet articulation on the condition of whole body vibration. PMID:17510817

Guo, L-X; Zhang, M; Teo, E-C

2007-07-01

37

Percutaneous Resolution of Lumbar Facet Joint Cysts as an Alternative Treatment to Surgery: A Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Purpose A comprehensive review of the literature in order to analyze data about the success rate of percutaneous resolution of the lumbar facet joint cysts as a conservative management strategy. Methods A systematic search for relevant articles published during 1980 to May 2014 was performed in several electronic databases by using the specific MeSH terms and keywords. Most relevant data was captured and pooled for the meta-analysis to achieve overall effect size of treatment along with 95% confidence intervals. Results 29 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Follow-up duration as mean ± sd (range) was 16±10.2 (5 days to 5.7 years). Overall the satisfactory results (after short- or long-term follow-up) were achieved in 55.8 [49.5, 62.08] % (pooled mean and 95% CI) of the 544 patients subjected to percutaneous lumbar facet joint cyst resolution procedures. 38.67 [33.3, 43.95] % of this population underwent surgery subsequently to achieve durable relief. There existed no linear relationship between the increasing average duration of follow-up period of individual studies and percent satisfaction from the percutaneous resolutions procedure. Conclusion Results shows that the percutaneous cyst resolution procedures have potential to be an alternative to surgical interventions but identification of suitable subjects requires further research. PMID:25389771

Shuang, Feng; Hou, Shu-Xun; Zhu, Jia-Liang; Ren, Dong-Feng; Cao, Zheng; Tang, Jia-Guang

2014-01-01

38

Fluoroscopic caudal epidural injections in managing chronic axial low back pain without disc herniation, radiculitis, or facet joint pain  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic low back pain without disc herniation is common. Various modalities of treatments are utilized in managing this condition, including epidural injections. However, there is continued debate on the effectiveness, indications, and medical necessity of any treatment modality utilized for managing axial or discogenic pain, including epidural injections. Methods A randomized, double-blind, actively controlled trial was conducted. The objective was to evaluate the ability to assess the effectiveness of caudal epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids for managing chronic low back pain not caused by disc herniation, radiculitis, facet joints, or sacroiliac joints. A total of 120 patients were randomized to two groups; one group did not receive steroids (group 1) and the other group did (group 2). There were 60 patients in each group. The primary outcome measure was at least 50% improvement in Numeric Rating Scale and Oswestry Disability Index. Secondary outcome measures were employment status and opioid intake. These measures were assessed at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after treatment. Results Significant pain relief and functional status improvement (primary outcome) defined as a 50% or more reduction in scores from baseline, were observed in 54% of patients in group 1 and 60% of patients in group 2 at 24 months. In contrast, 84% of patients in group 1 and 73% in group 2 saw significant pain relief and functional status improvement in the successful groups at 24 months. Conclusion Caudal epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids are effective in patients with chronic axial low back pain of discogenic origin without facet joint pain, disc herniation, and/or radiculitis. PMID:23091395

Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Cash, Kimberly A; McManus, Carla D; Pampati, Vidyasagar

2012-01-01

39

Hallux rigidus: Joint preserving alternatives to arthrodesis - a review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Hallux rigidus describes the osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. It was first mentioned in 1887. Since then a multitude of terms have been introduced referring to the same disease. The main complaints are pain especially during movement and a limited range of motion. Radiographically the typical signs of osteoarthritis can be observed starting at the dorsal portion of the joint. Numerous classifications make the comparison of the different studies difficult. If non-operative treatment fails to resolve the symptoms operative treatment is indicated. The most studied procedure with reproducible results is the arthrodesis. Nevertheless, many patients refuse this treatment option, favouring a procedure preserving motion. Different motion preserving and joint sacrificing operations such as arthroplasty are available. In this review we focus on motion and joint preserving procedures. Numerous joint preserving osteotomies have been described. Most of them try to relocate the viable plantar cartilage more dorsally, to decompress the joint and to increase dorsiflexion of the first metatarsal bone. Multiple studies are available investigating these procedures. Most of them suffer from low quality, short follow up and small patient numbers. Consequently the grade of recommendation is low. Nonetheless, joint preserving procedures are appealing because if they fail to relief the symptoms an arthrodesis or arthroplasty can still be performed thereafter. PMID:24649409

Polzer, Hans; Polzer, Sigmund; Brumann, Mareen; Mutschler, Wolf; Regauer, Markus

2014-01-01

40

Glenohumeral joint preservation: a review of management options for young, active patients with osteoarthritis.  

PubMed

The management of osteoarthritis of the shoulder in young, active patients is a challenge, and the optimal treatment has yet to be completely established. Many of these patients wish to maintain a high level of activity, and arthroplasty may not be a practical treatment option. It is these patients who may be excellent candidates for joint-preservation procedures in an effort to avoid or delay joint replacement. Several palliative and restorative techniques are currently optional. Joint debridement has shown good results and a combination of arthroscopic debridement with a capsular release, humeral osteoplasty, and transcapsular axillary nerve decompression seems promising when humeral osteophytes are present. Currently, microfracture seems the most studied reparative treatment modality available. Other techniques, such as autologous chondrocyte implantation and osteochondral transfers, have reportedly shown potential but are currently mainly still investigational procedures. This paper gives an overview of the currently available joint preserving surgical techniques for glenohumeral osteoarthritis. PMID:22536514

van der Meijden, Olivier A; Gaskill, Trevor R; Millett, Peter J

2012-01-01

41

Preserving the Illustrated Text. Report of the Joint Task Force on Text and Image.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Joint Task Force on Text and Image was to inquire into the problems, needs, and methods for preserving images in text that are important for scholarship in a wide range of disciplines and to draw from that exploration a set of principles, guidelines, and recommendations for a comprehensive national strategy for image…

Commission on Preservation and Access, Washington, DC.

42

Increased pelvic incidence may lead to arthritis and sagittal orientation of the facet joints at the lower lumbar spine  

PubMed Central

Background Correct sagittal alignment with a balanced pelvis and spine is crucial in the management of spinal disorders. The pelvic incidence (PI) describes the sagittal pelvic alignment and is position-independent. It has barely been investigated on CT scans. Furthermore, no studies have focused on the association between PI and facet joint (FJ) arthritis and orientation. Therefore, our goal was to clarify the remaining issues about PI in regard to (1) physiologic values, (2) age, (3) gender, (4) lumbar lordosis (LL) and (5) FJ arthritis and orientation using CT scans. Methods We retrospectively analyzed CT scans of 620 individuals, with a mean age of 43 years, who presented to our traumatology department and underwent a whole body CT scan, between 2008 and 2010. The PI was determined on sagittal CT planes of the pelvis by measuring the angle between the hip axis to an orthogonal line originating at the center of the superior end plate axis of the first sacral vertebra. We also evaluated LL, FJ arthritis and orientation of the lumbar spine. Results 596 individuals yielded results for (1) PI with a mean of 50.8°. There was no significant difference for PI and (2) age, nor (3) gender. PI was significantly and linearly correlated with (4) LL (p?=?< 0.0001). Interestingly, PI and (5) FJ arthritis displayed a significant and linear correlation (p?=?0.0062) with a cut-off point at 50°. An increased PI was also significantly associated with more sagitally oriented FJs at L5/S1 (p?=?0.01). Conclusion PI is not correlated with age nor gender. However, this is the first report showing that PI is significantly and linearly associated with LL, FJ arthritis and more sagittal FJ orientation at the lower lumbar spine. This may be caused by a higher contact force on the lower lumbar FJs by an increased PI. Once symptomatic or in the event of spinal trauma, patients with increased PI and LL could benefit from corrective surgery and spondylodesis. PMID:24188071

2013-01-01

43

Fluoroscopic cervical epidural injections in chronic axial or disc-related neck pain without disc herniation, facet joint pain, or radiculitis  

PubMed Central

Background While chronic neck pain is a common problem in the adult population, with a typical 12-month prevalence of 30%–50%, there is a lack of consensus regarding its causes and treatment. Despite limited evidence, cervical epidural injections are one of the commonly performed nonsurgical interventions in the management of chronic neck pain. Methods A randomized, double-blind, active, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of cervical interlaminar epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids for the management of chronic neck pain with or without upper extremity pain in patients without disc herniation, radiculitis, or facet joint pain. Results One hundred and twenty patients without disc herniation or radiculitis and negative for facet joint pain by means of controlled diagnostic medial branch blocks were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups, ie, injection of local anesthetic only (group 1) or local anesthetic mixed with nonparticulate betamethasone (group 2). The primary outcome of significant pain relief and improvement in functional status (?50%) was demonstrated in 72% of group 1 and 68% of group 2. The overall average number of procedures per year was 3.6 in both groups with an average total relief per year of 37–39 weeks in the successful group over a period of 52 weeks. Conclusion Cervical interlaminar epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids may be effective in patients with chronic function-limiting discogenic or axial pain. PMID:22826642

Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Cash, Kimberly A; Pampati, Vidyasagar; Malla, Yogesh

2012-01-01

44

Unusual presentation of giant cell tumor originating from a facet joint of the thoracic spine in a child: a case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Introduction Giant cell tumor of the synovium is a common benign lesion that frequently occurs at the tendon sheaths in the hand; it is usually found in adults over 30 years old. It is related to pigmented villonodular synovitis. Giant cell tumor of the synovium or pigmented villonodular synovitis has been described rarely in the axial skeleton especially in the thoracic vertebrae of a child. Case presentation A previously healthy 7-year-old Thai girl presented with back pain and progressive paraparesis and was unable to walk for 1 month. She had weakness and hyperreflexia of both lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-defined homogeneously and intensely enhanced extradural mass with cord compression at T4 to T7 levels. The patient underwent laminectomy at T4 through to T7 and total tumor removal. Permanent histopathologic sections and immunostains revealed a giant cell tumor of the synovium. Postoperative neurological status recovered to grade V. Magnetic resonance imaging at the 1-year follow-up showed no recurrence and there was no clinical recurrence at the 2-year follow-up. Conclusion We report an extremely rare case of giant cell tumor in the epidural space that extended from a thoracic facet joint. The tumor was removed successfully through laminectomies. Although giant cell tumor of a facet joint of the thoracic spine is very rare, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis for masses occurring in the epidural space in a child. Total tumor removal is the best treatment. Careful monitoring of recurrence can achieve a good clinical outcome. PMID:23830026

2013-01-01

45

Joint-preserving osteotomy for malunited intra-articular calcaneal fractures.  

PubMed

Displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus can lead to severe pain and disability if not treated appropriately. Failure to treat may require fusion of the subtalar joint, supplemented by additional osteotomies. Occasionally, these fractures are seen after the fracture has just healed, and the decision to treat can be a difficult one. Over the course of 10 years, 5 patients were treated with a corrective osteotomy along the primary fracture line, joint realignment, soft tissue balancing, and secondary internal fixation at a mean of 2.9 months after the injury. At a mean of 4.1 years (range, 2-10 years), all patients were satisfied with their result. Two patients underwent implant removal and subtalar arthrolysis 1 year after correction. No secondary fusions were required. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score improved significantly from 19.0 preoperatively to 81.2 at follow-up (P < 0.001). The radiographic parameters (the Böhler angle, talocalcaneal height, and heel width) were substantially corrected. A joint-preserving osteotomy with axial realignment can be a treatment option for malunited intra-articular calcaneal fractures encountered early on, before the development of subtalar arthrosis. PMID:23515121

Rammelt, Stefan; Grass, René; Zwipp, Hans

2013-10-01

46

Comparison of human lumbar facet joint capsule strains during simulated high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation versus physiological motions  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND CONTEXT Spinal manipulation (SM) is a n effective treatment for low back pain (LBP), and it has been theorized that SM induces a beneficial neurophysiological effect by stimulating mechanically sensitive neurons in the lumbar facet joint capsule (FJC). PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether human lumbar FJC strains during simulated SM were different from those that occur during physiological motions. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING Lumbar FJC strains were measured in human cadaveric spine specimens during physiological motions and simulated SM in a laboratory setting. METHODS Specimens were tested during displacement-controlled physiological motions of flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotations. SM was simulated using combinations of manipulation site (L3, L4, and L5), impulse speed (5, 20, and 50 mm/s), and pre-torque magnitude (applied at T12 to simulate patient position; 0, 5, 10 Nm). FJC strains and vertebral motions (using six degrees of freedom) were measured during both loading protocols. RESULTS During SM, the applied loads were within the range measured during SM in vivo. Vertebral translations occurred primarily in the direction of the applied load, and were similar in magnitude regardless of manipulation site. Vertebral rotations and FJC strain magnitudes during SM were within the range that occurred during physiological motions. At a given FJC, manipulations delivered distally induced capsule strains similar in magnitude to those that occurred when the manipulation was applied proximally. CONCLUSIONS FJC strain magnitudes during SM were within the physiological range, suggesting that SM is biomechanically safe. Successful treatment of patients with LBP using SM may not require precise segmental specificity, because the strain magnitudes at a given FJC during SM do not depend upon manipulation site. PMID:15863084

Ianuzzi, Allyson; Khalsa, Partap S.

2005-01-01

47

Evaluation of the first metacarpal proximal facet inclination as a prognostic predictor following arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint.  

PubMed

We have retrospectively reviewed 17 thumbs in 16 patients with osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joints, for which arthroplasty was performed using Kaarela's method. Postoperatively, three thumbs in two patients had poor outcomes; both patients had a sharp slope of the base of the first metacarpal. Serial radiographic measurements suggested that this sharp slope affected the adducted position of the first metacarpal, and led to the appearance of a metacarpophalangeal joint hyperextension deformity of the thumb. This radiological finding could be a prognostic predictor after surgery for osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint. PMID:23413854

Tonogai, Ichiro; Hamada, Yoshitaka; Hibino, Naohito

2013-01-01

48

Facet-sparing lumbar decompression with a minimally invasive flexible MicroBlade Shaver® versus traditional decompression: quantitative radiographic assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Laminectomy/laminotomy and foraminotomy are well established surgical techniques for treatment of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. However, these procedures have significant limitations, including limited access to lateral and foraminal compression and postoperative instability. The purpose of this cadaver study was to compare bone, ligament, and soft tissue morphology following lumbar decompression using a minimally invasive MicroBlade Shaver® instrument versus hemilaminotomy with foraminotomy (HL). Methods The iO-Flex® system utilizes a flexible over-the-wire MicroBlade Shaver instrument designed for facet-sparing, minimally invasive “inside-out” decompression of the lumbar spine. Unilateral decompression was performed at 36 levels in nine human cadaver specimens, six with age-appropriate degenerative changes and three with radiographically confirmed multilevel stenosis. The iO-Flex system was utilized on alternating sides from L2/3 to L5/S1, and HL was performed on the opposite side at each level by the same investigator. Spinal canal, facet joint, lateral recess, and foraminal morphology were assessed using computed tomography. Results Similar increases in soft tissue canal area and decreases in ligamentum flavum area were noted in nondiseased specimens, although HL required removal of 83% more laminar area (P < 0.01) and 95% more bone resection, including the pars interarticularis and facet joints (P < 0.001), compared with the iO-Flex system. Similar increases in lateral recess diameter were noted in nondiseased specimens using each procedure. In stenotic specimens, the increase in lateral recess diameter was significantly (P = 0.02) greater following use of the iO-Flex system (43%) versus HL (7%). The iO-Flex system resulted in greater facet joint preservation in nondiseased and stenotic specimens. In stenotic specimens, the iO-Flex system resulted in a significantly greater increase in foraminal width compared with HL (24% versus 4%, P = 0.01), with facet joint preservation. Conclusion The iO-Flex system resulted in significantly better decompression of the lateral recess and foraminal areas compared with HL, while preserving posterior spinal elements, including the facet joint. PMID:22879740

Lauryssen, Carl; Berven, Sigurd; Mimran, Ronnie; Summa, Christopher; Sheinberg, Michael; Miller, Larry E; Block, Jon E

2012-01-01

49

Problem of Time and Background Independence: the Individual Facets  

E-print Network

I lay out the problem of time facets as arising piecemeal from a number of aspects of background independence. Almost all of these already have simpler classical counterparts. This approach can be viewed as a facet by facet completion of the observation that Barbour-type relationalism is a background independent precursor to 2 of the 9 facets. That completion proceeds in an order dictated by the additional layers of mathematical structure required to support each. Moreover, the `nonlinear nature' of the interactions between the Problem of Time facets renders a joint study of them mandatory. The current article is none the less a useful prequel via gaining a conceptual understanding of each facet, prior to embarking on rendering some combinations of facets consistent and what further obstructions arise in attempting such joint considerations. See [20, 21, 26] for up to date studies of this more complicated joint version. I also identify new facets (threading based), subfacets (of observables and of reconstructions) and further source of variety from how far down the levels of mathematical structure these facets extend.

Edward Anderson

2014-09-14

50

Controlled medial branch anesthetic block in the diagnosis of chronic lumbar facet joint pain: the value of a three-month follow-up  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To verify the incidence of facetary and low back pain after a controlled medial branch anesthetic block in a three-month follow-up and to verify the correlation between the positive results and the demographic variables. METHODS: Patients with chronic lumbar pain underwent a sham blockade (with a saline injection) and then a controlled medial branch block. Their symptoms were evaluated before and after the sham injection and after the real controlled medial branch block; the symptoms were reevaluated after one day and one week, as well as after one, two and three months using the visual analog scale. We searched for an association between the positive results and the demographic characteristics of the patients. RESULTS: A total of 104 controlled medial branch blocks were performed and 54 patients (52%) demonstrated >50% improvements in pain after the blockade. After three months, lumbar pain returned in only 18 individuals, with visual analogue scale scores >4. Therefore, these patients were diagnosed with chronic facet low back pain. The three-months of follow-up after the controlled medial branch block excluded 36 patients (67%) with false positive results. The results of the controlled medial branch block were not correlated to sex, age, pain duration or work disability but were correlated with patient age (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Patient diagnosis with a controlled medial branch block proved to be effective but was not associated with any demographic variables. A three-month follow-up is required to avoid a high number of false positives. PMID:25141111

da Rocha, Ivan Dias; Cristante, Alexandre Fogaca; Marcon, Raphael Martus; Oliveira, Reginaldo Perilo; Letaif, Olavo Biraghi; de Barros Filho, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa

2014-01-01

51

Factors to Facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending our previous research on personality and prej- udice, we tested the predictive power of Big Five facet compared with factor scores in three studies. Study 1 (N 5 170) examined the predictive power of factors and facets when explaining generalized prejudice, a composite of four prejudice types. Study 2 (N 5 158) focused on sexism and Study 3 (N

Bo Ekehammar; Nazar Akrami

52

The Cornell/Xerox Commission on Preservation and Access Joint Study in Digital Preservation. Report: Phase 1 (January 1990-December 1991). Digital Capture, Paper Facsimiles, and Network Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary emphasis of this study of the use of digital technology to preserve library materials was the capture of brittle books as digital images and the production of printed paper facsimiles. Of equal interest, however, was the role of digital technology in providing access to library resources, and preliminary work in this area has also been…

Kenney, Anne R.; Personius, Lynne K.

53

SLAC All Access: FACET  

SciTech Connect

SLAC's Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests, or FACET, is a test-bed where researchers are developing the technologies required for particle accelerators of the future. Scientists from all over the world come to explore ways of improving the power and efficiency of the particle accelerators used in basic research, medicine, industry and other areas important to society. In this video, Mark Hogan, head of SLAC's Advanced Accelerator Research Department, offers a glimpse into FACET, which uses part of SLAC's historic two-mile-long linear accelerator.

Hogan, Mark

2012-07-05

54

Beam Diagnostics for FACET  

SciTech Connect

FACET, the Facility for Advanced Accelerator and Experimental Tests, is a new facility being constructed in sector 20 of the SLAC linac primarily to study beam driven plasma wakefield acceleration beginning in summer 2011. The nominal FACET parameters are 23GeV, 3nC electron bunches compressed to about 20 {micro}m long and focussed to about 10 {micro}m wide. Characterization of the beam-plasma interaction requires complete knowledge of the incoming beam parameters on a pulse-to-pulse basis. FACET diagnostics include Beam Position Monitors, Toroidal current monitors, X-ray and Cerenkov based energy spectrometers, optical transition radiation (OTR) profile monitors and coherent transition radiation (CTR) bunch length measurement systems. The compliment of beam diagnostics and their expected performance are reviewed. Beam diagnostic measurements not only provide valuable insights to the running and tuning of the accelerator but also are crucial for the PWFA experiments in particular. Beam diagnostic devices are being set up at FACET and will be ready for beam commissioning in summer 2011.

Li, S.Z.; Hogan, M.J.; /SLAC

2011-08-19

55

FACET Emittance Growth  

SciTech Connect

FACET, the Facility for Advanced Accelerator and Experimental Tests, is a new facility being constructed in sector 20 of the SLAC linac primarily to study beam driven plasma wakefield acceleration. The FACET beamline consists of a chicane and final focus system to compress the 23 GeV, 3.2 nC electron bunches to {approx}20 {micro}m long and {approx}10 {micro}m wide. Simulations of the FACET beamline indicate the short-duration and large, 1.5% rms energy spread beams may suffer a factor of four emittance growth from a combination of chromaticity, incoherent synchrotron radiation (ISR), and coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR). Emittance growth is directly correlated to head erosion in plasma wakefield acceleration and is a limiting factor in single stage performance. Studies of the geometric, CSR, and ISR components are presented. Numerical calculation of the rms emittance can be overwhelmed by long tails in the simulated phase space distributions; more useful definitions of emittance are given. A complete simulation of the beamline is presented as well, which agrees with design specifications.

Frederico, J; Hogan, M.J.; Nosochkov, Y.; Litos, M.D.; Raubenheimer, T.; /SLAC

2011-04-05

56

Facet cyst haematoma in the lumbar spine: a report of four cases.  

PubMed

We present 4 cases of facet cyst haematoma in the ligamentum flavum of the lumbar spine. All patients presented with a one-to-3-month history of back pain or numbness in the legs, and sudden neurological deterioration. One also developed cauda equina syndrome and another developed radiculopathy. In all cases, magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass with high signal intensity on both T1- and T2-weighted images. Facet arthrography and computed tomography revealed communication between the mass and the neighbouring facet joint. The haematomas were removed en bloc with the ligamentum flavum. They were surrounded by the ligament and contained degenerated and lacerated elastic fibres but no synovial lining cells. Facet cyst haematoma is so-named because of bleeding from tissue adjacent to the facet joint into a pre-existing facet cyst. PMID:19398800

Miyatake, N; Aizawa, T; Hyodo, H; Sasaki, H; Kusakabe, T; Sato, T

2009-04-01

57

The clinical aspects of the acute facet syndrome: results from a structured discussion among European chiropractors  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The term 'acute facet syndrome' is widely used and accepted amongst chiropractors, but poorly described in the literature, as most of the present literature relates to chronic facet joint pain. Therefore, research into the degree of consensus on the subject amongst a large group of chiropractic practitioners was seen to be a useful contribution. METHODS: During the annual congress

Lise Hestbaek; Alice Kongsted; Tue Secher Jensen; Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

2009-01-01

58

Role of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and other sterically protecting polymers in selective stabilization of {111} and {100} facets in pentagonally twinned silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The role of PVP in the selective formation of pentagonally twinned silver nanoparticle morphologies and the corresponding selective facet stabilization is elucidated. Both for decahedral and pentagonal rod nanoparticles, PVP does not promote specific facet selection but is instrumental in colloidal stabilization and facet preservation through steric protection. PMID:24336687

Murshid, Nimer; Kitaev, Vladimir

2014-02-01

59

Injection therapy of lumbar facet syndrome: a prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a Background. Chronic low back pain remains a major health problem. Facet joint injection therapy is an easy to perform therapeutic option.\\u000a However, few prospective studies use a standardized protocol to investigate injection therapy. The aim of our study was to\\u000a evaluate quantity and duration of clinical improvement after this protocol, and to identify the best time for additional repetitive

T. L. Schulte; T. A. Pietilä; J. Heidenreich; M. Brock; R. Stendel

2006-01-01

60

Faceting Artifact Analysis for Computer Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The faceting signal, defined in this paper as the differ- ence signal between a rendering of the original geometric model and a simplified version of the geometric model, is responsible for the faceting artifacts commonly observed in the renderings of coarse geometric models. We analyze the source of the faceting artifacts and develop a perceptual metric for the visibility of

Lijun Qu; Gary W. Meyer

2007-01-01

61

Design of a lattice-based faceted classification system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We describe a software reuse architecture supporting component retrieval by facet classes. The facets are organized into a lattice of facet sets and facet n-tuples. The query mechanism supports precise retrieval and flexible browsing.

Eichmann, David A.; Atkins, John

1992-01-01

62

Lumbar facet injection for the treatment of chronic piriformis myofascial pain syndrome: 52 case studies  

PubMed Central

Background and aims The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of lumbar facet joint injection for piriformis myofascial pain syndrome. Methods Fifty-two patients with chronic myofascial pain in the piriformis muscle each received a lumbar facet injection into the ipsilateral L5–S1 facet joint region, using the multiple insertion technique. Subjective pain intensity, trunk extension range, and lumbar facet signs were measured before, immediately after, and 2 weeks after injection. Thirty-six patients received follow-up for 6 months. Results Immediately after the injection, 27 patients (51.9%) had complete pain subsidence, 19 patients (36.5%) had pain reduction to a tolerable level, and only 6 patients (11.5%) had no pain relief to a tolerable level. Mean pain intensity was reduced from 7.4±0.9 to 1.6±2.1 after injection (P<0.01). This effectiveness lasted for 2 weeks in 49 patients (94.2%), and lasted for approximately 6 months in 35 (97.2%) of 36 patients. The mean range of motion increased from 13.4±6.8 degrees to 22.1±6.0 degrees immediately after injection, and further increased 2 weeks and 6 months later. Immediately after injection, 45 patients (86.5%) had no facet sign. In addition, 90.4% and 94.4% of patients had no facet sign after 2 weeks and after 6 months, respectively. Conclusions It is important to identify the possible cause of piriformis myofascial pain syndrome. If this pain is related to lumbar facet lesions, lumbar facet joint injection can immediately suppress piriformis myofascial pain symptoms. This effectiveness may last for at least 6 months in most patients. This study further supports the importance of eliminating the underlying etiological lesion for complete and effective relief of myofascial pain syndrome. PMID:25170256

Huang, Jen-Ting; Chen, Han-Yu; Hong, Chang-Zern; Lin, Ming-Ta; Chou, Li-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Shui; Tsai, Chien-Tsung; Chang, Wen-Dien

2014-01-01

63

Faceted exploration of image search results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes MediaFaces, a system that enables faceted exploration of media collections. The system processes semi-structured information sources to extract objects and facets, e.g. the relationships between two objects. Next, we rank the facets based on a statistical analysis of image search query logs, and the tagging behaviour of users annotating photos in Flickr. For a given object of

Roelof van Zwol; Börkur Sigurbjörnsson; Ramu Adapala; Lluis Garcia Pueyo; Abhinav Katiyar; Kaushal Kurapati; Mridul Muralidharan; Sudar Muthu; Vanessa Murdock; Polly Ng; Anand Ramani; Anuj Sahai; Sriram Thiru Sathish; Hari Vasudev; Upendra Vuyyuru

2010-01-01

64

Au Photosensitized TiO2 Ultrathin Nanosheets with {001} Exposed Facets.  

PubMed

We report a general route for the direct growth of metal particles on TiO2 nanosheets with (001) exposed facets by an oxygen-vacancy-driven self-redox reaction. As there is no need for thermal treatment to remove stabilizing agents, the structure of the nanoparticles can be retained, preserving the active sites associated with high activity. PMID:25171297

Hu, Chao; Zhang, Xuan; Li, Xinshi; Yan, Yan; Xi, Guangcheng; Yang, Haifeng; Bai, Hua

2014-10-13

65

Solitary Epidural Lipoma with Ipsilateral Facet Arthritis Causing Lumbar Radiculopathy  

PubMed Central

A 55-year-old obese man (body mass index, 31.6 kg/m2) presented radiating pain and motor weakness in the left leg. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an epidural mass posterior to the L5 vertebral body, which was isosignal to subcutaneous fat and it asymmetrically compressed the left side of the cauda equina and the exiting left L5 nerve root on the axial T1 weighted images. Severe arthritis of the left facet joint and edema of the bone marrow regarding the left pedicle were also found. As far as we know, there have been no reports concerning a solitary epidural lipoma combined with ipsilateral facet arthorsis causing lumbar radiculopathy. Solitary epidural lipoma with ipsilateral facet arthritis causing lumbar radiculopathy was removed after the failure of conservative treatment. After decompression, the neurologic deficit was relieved. At a 2 year follow-up, motor weakness had completely recovered and the patient was satisfied with the result. We recommend that a solitary epidural lipoma causing neurologic deficit should be excised at the time of diagnosis. PMID:22977701

Kim, Hong Kyun; Koh, Sung Hye

2012-01-01

66

Sandwich construction solar structural facets  

SciTech Connect

Silver/glass mirrors have excellent optical properties but need a method of support in order to be used in concentrating solar thermal systems. In collaboration with the Cummins dish/Stirling development program, the authors started investigating sandwich construction as a way to integrate silver/glass mirrors into solar optical elements. In sandwich construction, membranes such as sheet metal or plastic are bonded to the front and back of a core (like a sandwich). For solar optical elements, a glass mirror is bonded to one of the membranes. This type of construction has the advantages of a high strength-to-weight ratio, and reasonable material and manufacturing cost. The inherent stiffness of sandwich construction mirror panels also facilitates large panels. This can have cost advantages for both the amount of hardware required as well as reduced installation and alignment costs. In addition, by incorporating the panels into the support structure reductions in the amount of structural support required are potentially possible. The authors have investigated sandwich construction panels that employ cores of polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyurethane foams as well as conventional aluminum and cardboard honeycombs. The authors investigations have involved fabricating 0.5 x 0.6-m (20 x 24-inch) spherical-contour panels and testing their optical properties and environmental durability. The authors have also performed preliminary cost and performance studies. Evaluations included optical testing with the SunLab 2f and VSHOT tools both before and after exposures to environmental chamber testing. The results showed that sandwich mirror panels are potentially very accurate. However, long-term degradation due to creep was evident in all of the foam core facets. The aluminum honeycomb core facets were accurate and durable. In this paper, the design principles that guided the investigations, estimates of cost, and the results of the experimental investigations are presented.

Diver, R.B.; Grossman, J.W.

1999-07-01

67

Preservation Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Persons with a penchant for preservation will find that this clearinghouse website is a top-notch resource for materials on historic preservation, preservation-based tourism, and downtown revitalization projects across the United States and Canada. The site was created in 1999 by Tim Cannan, a native of the Finger Lakes region with a professional and academic background in historic and cultural preservation. The materials on the site are divided into topical areas that include "Preservation Events & Conferences", "Grants & Funding Sources" and nine other headings. Visitors who might be less familiar with the world of historic preservation will want to look over the "Video Library". Here they will find clips of restoration projects in progress, preservation walking tours, and endangered places. Also, it is worth noting that the site contains listings and links for over 7000 history museums, 1000 downtown and main street groups, and 4500 historical societies in North America.

68

Load-bearing role of facets in a lumbar segment under sagittal plane loadings.  

PubMed

In the present work, the load-bearing role of the facet joints in a lumbar I2-3 segment is quantitatively determined by means of a three dimensional nonlinear finite element program. The analysis accounts for both material and geometric nonlinearities and treats the facet articulation as a nonlinear moving contact problem. The disc nucleus is considered as an inviscid incompressible fluid and the annulus as a composite of collagenous fibres embedded in a matrix of ground substance. The spinal ligaments are modelled as a collection of nonlinear axial elements. The loadings consist of axial compression and sagittal plane shears and bending moments, acting alone or combined. The results show that in pure compression, the external axial force is transmitted primarily by the intervertebral disc. The facet joints carry only a small percentage of the force. However, the facet joints carry large forces in extension, whereas in small flexion they carry none. Addition of compression tends to increase these contact forces in extension while it has no effect on them in flexion. In extension, the forces on the facet joints are transmitted by both the articular surfaces and the capsular ligaments. Although in small flexion the facets carry no load, large contact forces are predicted to develop as the segment is flexed beyond 7-8 degrees. These forces are of the same magnitude as those computed under large extension rotation and are oriented nearly in the horizontal plane with negligible component in the axial direction. The horizontal components of the contact forces generated during articulation are often larger than the axial components which directly resist the applied compressive force. The axial components of the contact forces, therefore, grossly underestimate the total forces acting on the facets. The transfer of forces from one facet to the adjacent one occurs through distinct areas in flexion and in extension loadings. That is, on the superior articular surface, the contact area shifts from the upper tip in large flexion to the lower margin in extension. On the inferior articular surface, the contact area shifts from the upper and central regions in large flexion to the lower tip in extension. PMID:3611136

Shirazi-Adl, A; Drouin, G

1987-01-01

69

Method for partially coating laser diode facets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bars of integral laser diode devices cleaved from a wafer are placed with their p regions abutting and n regions abutting. A thin BeCu mask having alternate openings and strips of the same width as the end facets is used to mask the n region interfaces so that multiple bars can be partially coated over their exposed p regions with a reflective or partial reflective coating. The partial coating permits identification of the emitting facet from the fully coated back facet during a later device mounting procedure.

Dholakia, Anil R. (Inventor)

1990-01-01

70

FACET: SLAC___s New User Facility  

SciTech Connect

FACET (Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests) is a new User Facility at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The first User Run started in spring 2012 with 20 GeV, 3 nC electron beams. The facility is designed to provide short (20 {micro}m) bunches and small (20 {micro}m wide) spot sizes, producing uniquely high power beams. FACET supports studies from many fields but in particular those of Plasma Wakefield Acceleration and Dielectric Wakefield Acceleration. The creation of drive and witness bunches and shaped bunch profiles is possible with 'Notch' Collimation. FACET is also a source of THz radiation for material studies. Positrons will be available at FACET in future user runs. We present the User Facility and the available tools and opportunities for future experiments.

Clarke, C.I.; Decker, F.-J.; England, R.J.; Erickson, R.A.; Hast, C.; Hogan, M.J.; Li, S.Z.; Litos, M.D.; Nosochkov, Y.; Seeman, J.T.; Sheppard, J.; Wienands, U.; Woodley, M.; Yocky, G.; /SLAC

2012-05-16

71

Scalable Faceted Ranking in Tagging Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, web collaborative tagging systems which allow users to upload, comment on and recommend contents, are growing. Such systems can be represented as graphs where nodes correspond to users and tagged-links to recommendations. In this paper we analyze the problem of computing a ranking of users with respect to a facet described as a set of tags. A straightforward solution is to compute a PageRank-like algorithm on a facet-related graph, but it is not feasible for online computation. We propose an alternative: (i) a ranking for each tag is computed offline on the basis of tag-related subgraphs; (ii) a faceted order is generated online by merging rankings corresponding to all the tags in the facet. Based on the graph analysis of YouTube and Flickr, we show that step (i) is scalable. We also present efficient algorithms for step (ii), which are evaluated by comparing their results with two gold standards.

Orlicki, José I.; Alvarez-Hamelin, J. Ignacio; Fierens, Pablo I.

72

The instant axis of rotation influences facet forces at L5/S1 during flexion/extension and lateral bending.  

PubMed

Because the disc and facets work together to constrain spinal kinematics, changes in the instant axis of rotation associated with disc degeneration or disc replacement may adversely influence risk for facet overloading and arthritis. The relationships between L5/S1 segmental kinematics and facet forces are not well defined, since previous studies have separated investigations of spinal motion and facet force. The goal of this cadaveric biomechanical study was to report and correlate a measure of intervertebral kinematics (the centrode, or the path of the instant axis of rotation) and the facet forces at the L5/S1 motion segment while under a physiologic combination of compression and anterior shear loading. Twelve fresh-frozen human cadaveric L5/S1 joints (age range 50-64 years) were tested biomechanically under semi-constrained conditions by applying compression plus shear forces in several postures: neutral, and 3 degrees and 6 degrees of flexion, extension and lateral bending. The experimental boundary conditions imposed compression and shear representative of in vivo conditions during upright stance. The 3-D instantaneous axis of rotation (IAR) was calculated between two consecutive postures. The facet joint force was simultaneously measured using thin-film sensors placed between both facet surfaces. Variations of IAR location and facet force during motion were analyzed. During flexion and extension, the IAR was oriented laterally. The IAR intersection with the mid-sagittal plane moved cephalad relative to S1 endplate during flexion (P=0.010), and posterior during extension (P=0.001). The facet force did not correlate with posture (P=0.844). However, changes in the facet force between postures did correlate with IAR position: higher IAR's during flexion correlated with lower facet forces and vice versa (P=0.04). During lateral bending, the IAR was oblique relative to the main plane of motion and translated parallel to S1 endplate, toward the side of the bending. Overall, the facet force was increased on the ipsilateral side of bending (P=0.002). The IAR positions demonstrate that the L5 vertebral body primarily rotates forward during flexion (IAR close to vertebral body center) and rotates/translates backward during extension (IAR at or below the L5/S1 intervertebral disc). In lateral bending, the IAR obliquity demonstrated coupling with axial torsion due to resistance of the ipsilateral facet. PMID:16175392

Rousseau, Marc-Antoine; Bradford, David S; Hadi, Tamer M; Pedersen, Kirk L; Lotz, Jeffery C

2006-03-01

73

Preserving the Posttrapeziectomy Space with a Human Acellular Dermal Matrix Spacer: A Pilot Case Series of Patients with Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Background: Advanced thumb carpometacarpal arthritis is widely treated with trapeziectomy and tendon interposition despite donor-site morbidities. Trapeziectomy alone leaves a postresection space, leading to proximal metacarpal migration and scaphoid/trapezoid impingement. Prosthetic implants have been unsuccessful due to particulate debris, silicone synovitis, osteolysis, and migration. Recent studies have shown successful use of allograft for interposition material in the posttrapeziectomy space both in animal and human models. To obviate the need for autologous tissue, maintain thumb length, and reduce the risk of scaphoid impingement, the senior author developed an interposition arthroplasty technique using a spacer constructed from human acellular dermal matrix (HADM). Methods: Sixteen patients with Eaton stage III–IV thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis received the above procedure from the 2 senior authors. HADM was imbricated to fill the posttrapeziectomy space and secured to the volar capsule and metacarpal base. Pre- and postoperative trapezial space on radiograph, pain scores, and grip strength were recorded. Results: Six months postoperatively, radiographs showed an average joint space loss of 11%. Heights postoperatively were not significantly different from immediate postoperative heights (P ? 0.01). At 6 months, patients had improved pain and grip strength (P ? 0.01). No infections, foreign body reactions, or other complications occurred. Conclusions: HADM has been used extensively in other forms of reconstruction and has been shown to incorporate into surrounding tissues through neovascularization. Our early results illustrate that HADM can safely fill the dead space left by trapeziectomy.

Yao, Caroline A.; Ellis, Chandra V.; Cohen, Myles J.

2013-01-01

74

FACET: Future ATM Concepts Evaluation Tool  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FACET (Future ATM Concepts Evaluation Tool) is an Air Traffic Management research tool being developed at the NASA Ames Research Center. This paper describes the design, architecture and functionalities of FACET. The purpose of FACET is to provide E simulation environment for exploration, development and evaluation of advanced ATM concepts. Examples of these concepts include new ATM paradigms such as Distributed Air-Ground Traffic Management, airspace redesign and new Decision Support Tools (DSTs) for controllers working within the operational procedures of the existing air traffic control system. FACET is currently capable of modeling system-wide en route airspace operations over the contiguous United States. Airspace models (e.g., Center/sector boundaries, airways, locations of navigation aids and airports) are available from databases. A core capability of FACET is the modeling of aircraft trajectories. Using round-earth kinematic equations, aircraft can be flown along flight plan routes or great circle routes as they climb, cruise and descend according to their individual aircraft-type performance models. Performance parameters (e.g., climb/descent rates and speeds, cruise speeds) are obtained from data table lookups. Heading, airspeed and altitude-rate dynamics are also modeled. Additional functionalities will be added as necessary for specific applications. FACET software is written in Java and C programming languages. It is platform-independent, and can be run on a variety of computers. FACET has been designed with a modular software architecture to enable rapid integration of research prototype implementations of new ATM concepts. There are several advanced ATM concepts that are currently being implemented in FACET airborne separation assurance, dynamic density predictions, airspace redesign (re-sectorization), benefits of a controller DST for direct-routing, and the integration of commercial space transportation system operations into the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS).

Bilmoria, Karl D.; Banavar, Sridhar; Chatterji, Gano B.; Sheth, Kapil S.; Grabbe, Shon

2000-01-01

75

FACET: SLAC___s New User Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

FACET (Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests) is a new User Facility at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The first User Run started in spring 2012 with 20 GeV, 3 nC electron beams. The facility is designed to provide short (20 μm) bunches and small (20 μm wide) spot sizes, producing uniquely high power beams. FACET supports studies from many fields

2012-01-01

76

Preservation Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The long-term preservation of digital entities requires mechanisms to manage the authenticity of massive data collections that are written to archival storage systems. Preservation environments impose authenticity constraints and manage the evolution of the storage system technology by building infrastructure independent solutions. This seeming paradox, the need for large archives, while avoiding dependence upon vendor specific solutions, is resolved through use of data grid technology. Data grids provide the storage repository abstractions that make it possible to migrate collections between vendor specific products, while ensuring the authenticity of the archived data. Data grids provide the software infrastructure that interfaces vendor-specific storage archives to preservation environments.

Moore, Reagan W.

2004-01-01

77

Preservation Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Trust for Historic Preservation has received a number of awards for its magazine, Preservation, and their online version is well worth a look. The site is quite nice, and it contains brief profiles of current preservation stories written especially for this website. Recent stories have included profiles of neon signs in Los Angeles, brewery renovations in Milwaukee, and a list of the ten most endangered Civil War battlefields. The site is rounded out by an online archive which allows visitors to search back issues from 1992 to 2006.

78

Urine Preservative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Disclosed is CPG, a combination of a chlorhexidine salt (such as chlorhexidine digluconate, chlorhexidine diacetate, or chlorhexidine dichloride) and n-propyl gallate that can be used at ambient temperatures as a urine preservative.

Smith, Scott M. (Inventor); Nillen, Jeannie (Inventor)

2001-01-01

79

Preservation News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The history of historic preservation in the United States is a fascinating one, even if it contains a few moments of devastating tragedy, such as when the historic Pennsylvania Station was demolished in 1964. Scholars and preservation activists will appreciate learning that Cornell University has digitized the archives of "Preservation News". Published by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, this archive contains every issue from 1960 to 1995 (minus two issues), and is replete with interesting editorials, photographs, and news about significant restoration projects during this period. Visitors to the archive can browse through the issues chronologically, or they can also perform a full-text search. Overall, it's a great resource, and one that is worth telling friends with an interest in such matters.

2005-01-01

80

Facet development for a faceted stretched-membrane dish by Solar Kinetics, Inc  

SciTech Connect

A 3.6-meter diameter stretched-membrane optical facet for a parabolic dish has been successfully designed and demonstrated under contract with Sandia National Laboratories. Twelve facets identical to them will be used to make the lightweight reflector of the dish. The project goal of 2.5-mrad surface accuracy was met with each of the two full-sized prototypes, and accuracies of as low as 1.1 mrad were achieved. The facet weight is 11.7 kg/m{sup 2} (2.4lbs/ft{sup 2}). The facet is similar in construction to the successful stretched-membrane heliostat; it has two thin metal membranes attached to a ring. However, the front membrane for this facet is plastically formed at the factor in order to achieve a shorter facet f/D (approximately 3.0). A passive tether restrains the from membrane when not in operation, that is, when the stabilizing vacuum is off. The optical surface is achieved with a silvered-acrylic film laminated to the metal membrane. The facet is expected to cost $55.40/m{sup 2} at a production rate of 10,000 facets per year and $115, 000/m{sup 2}-at a production rate of 500 facets a year. Several key issues have been resolved. Stress concentrations due to seams in the reflective laminate did not cause membrane rupture during forming as they have for dishes with lower focal length-to-diameter ratios. The laminate survived the forming process and simulated operation without deterioration. The optical effect of the tether on the membrane was tested and found to be very small. Most important, highly accurate shapes were obtained using a simple forming procedure. Additional tests are needed to demonstrate process repeatablility and facet performance in typical operating conditions. 18 refs., 36 figs., 11 tabs.

Schertz, P.T.; Brown, D.C.; Konnerth, A. III (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)) [Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1991-07-01

81

The facets of relativistic quantum field theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relativistic quantum field theory is generally recognized to form the adequate theoretical frame for subatomic physics, with the Standard Model of Particle Physics as a major achievement. We point out that quantum field theory in its present form is not a monolithic theory, but rather consists of distinct facets, which aim at a common ideal goal. We give a short overview of the strengths and limitations of these facets. We emphasize the theory-dependent relation between the quantum fields, and the basic objects in the empirical domain, the particles. Given the marked conceptual differences between the facets, we argue to view these, and therefore also the Standard Model, as symbolic constructions. We finally note that this view of physical theories originated in the 19th century and is related to the emergence of the classical field as an autonomous concept.

Dosch, H. G.; Müller, V. F.

2010-04-01

82

The facets of relativistic quantum field theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relativistic quantum field theory is generally recognized to form the adequate theoretical frame for subatomic physics, with the Standard Model of Particle Physics as a major achievement. We point out that quantum field theory in its present form is not a monolithic theory, but rather consists of distinct facets, which aim at a common ideal goal. We give a short overview of the strengths and limitations of these facets. We emphasize the theory-dependent relation between the quantum fields, and the basic objects in the empirical domain, the particles. Given the marked conceptual differences between the facets, we argue to view these, and therefore also the Standard Model, as symbolic constructions. We finally note that this view of physical theories originated in the 19th century and is related to the emergence of the classical field as an autonomous concept.

Dosch, H. G.; Müller, V. F.

2011-04-01

83

Privacy-Preserving Data Aggregation without Secure Channel: Multivariate Polynomial Evaluation  

E-print Network

Privacy-Preserving Data Aggregation without Secure Channel: Multivariate Polynomial Evaluation multiple parties to jointly aggregate their data while preserving privacy. However, those works either) over participants' privately owned data while preserving the data privacy. We assume all channels

Li, Xiang-Yang

84

Poweshiek History Preservation Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Poweshiek History Preservation Project is a joint effort between the Grinnell College Libraries and the Drake Community Library to preserve the history of the people and places of Poweshiek County. Over the years, dozens of community members have brought in letters, photographs, scrapbooks, ledgers, and other documents that tell the area's history. This site contains over 120 items, including photos of roadwork construction, local churches, museums, and portraits of prominent community members. Most of the items here date from the late 19th and early 20th century and they provide a remarkable look into the changes throughout the community during this period. Additionally, the site contains several oral histories from locals who have lived here for decades. Visitors can search through the offering by date, type, or geographic coverage.

85

Preservation Leaflets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Available for the first time in electronic format, this third edition of Preservation of Library and Archival Materials: A Manual from the Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC) is a valuable addition to the professional literature for librarians, archivists, and conservators. Founded in 1973, NEDCC is the largest conservation center for paper-based materials in the United States. Since its founding, NEDCC has disseminated preservation information via its series of technical leaflets. The Manual is a compilation of these leaflets, newly revised and updated. The Manual format, consisting of short leaflets with bibliographies, arranged in six browseable sections that can also be searched quickly by subject, is perfect for electronic distribution.

Ogden, Sherelyn

2005-11-09

86

Preservation Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One must undertake multi-institutional efforts that include universities, archives, museums, libraries and community-based arts organizations and the artists to preserve Latino art history. Arts infrastructure can be strengthened by various Chicano Studies Research Center projects that are concerned with archive building and scholarship, and with…

Noriega, Chon A.

2005-01-01

87

Digital Preservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on digital preservation issues, including born-digital and digitally recreated documents. Discusses electronic records research; metadata and other standards; electronic mail; Web-based documents; moving images media; selection of materials for digitization, including primary sources; administrative issues; media stability…

Yakel, Elizabeth

2001-01-01

88

Preserving Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is part of National Geographic's Xpeditions Hall and includes lesson plans and activities related to the topic of biodiversity. The site covers ecosystems, endangered species, why preserving biodiversity is necessary, and how captive breeding has been used to try and save some species from extinction. These lesson plans were written by educators and have been tested in the classroom.

89

Records Preservation  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Older materials and recently arrived items in the Field Records Collection are in various states of preservation and documentation. In the current reorganization project, items are inventoried for content, transferred to archival storage containers, and archived as shelf items (notebooks and file fo...

2009-04-09

90

Oracy: Social Facets of Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and educators have developed an interest in language development. Their studies focused on the cultural context in which language is learned and developed and its relationship to cognitive development. This article reviews the researchers' definitions on oracy and its social facets of language learning. Specifically, it reviews studies…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

91

Problem of Time: Facets and Machian Strategy  

E-print Network

The Problem of Time is that `time' in each of ordinary quantum theory and general relativity are mutually incompatible notions. This causes difficulties in trying to put these two theories together to form a theory of Quantum Gravity. The Problem of Time has 8 facets in canonical approaches. I clarify that all but one of these facets already occur at the classical level, and reconceptualize and re-name some of these facets as follows.The Frozen Formalism Problem becomes Temporal Relationalism, the Thin Sandwich Problem becomes Configurational Relationalism, via the notion of Best Matching. The Problem of Observables becomes the Problem of Beables, and the Functional Evolution Problem becomes the Constraint Closure Problem. I also outline how each of the Global and Multiple-Choice Problems of Time have their own plurality of facets. This article additionally contains a local resolution to the Problem of Time at the conceptual level and which is actually realizable for the relational triangle and minisuperspace models. This resolution is, moreover, Machian, and has three levels: classical, semiclassical and a combined semiclassical-histories-timeless records scheme. I end by delineating the current frontiers of this program toward resolution of the Problem of Time in the cases of full GR and of slightly inhomogeneous cosmology.

Edward Anderson

2013-06-25

92

Microreflectance inspection of diode laser front facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on specular reflectivity measurements at the position of the waveguide at front facets of commercial diode laser arrays. Since the waveguide thickness is such semiconductor structures amounts about 1 micrometers an even better spatial resolution of the probe light spot is required. For this purpose, a micro-reflectance setup was designed and implemented. For re-locating the optically active region,

Fabian Doerfel; Stefan Nerreter; Jens W. Tomm; Ruediger Grunwald; R. Kunkel; Johann Luft

2002-01-01

93

Problem of time: facets and Machian strategy.  

PubMed

The problem of time is that "time" in each of ordinary quantum theory and general relativity are mutually incompatible notions. This causes difficulties in trying to put these two theories together to form a theory of quantum gravity. The problem of time has eight facets in canonical approaches. I clarify that all but one of these facets already occur at the classical level, and reconceptualize and re-name some of these facets as follows. The frozen formalism problem becomes temporal relationalism, the thin sandwich problem becomes configurational relationalism, via the notion of best matching. The problem of observables becomes the problem of beables, and the functional evolution problem becomes the constraint closure problem. I also outline how each of the global and multiple-choice problems of time have their own plurality of facets. This article additionally contains a local resolution to the problem of time at the conceptual level and which is actually realizable for the relational triangle and minisuperspace models. This resolution is, moreover, Machian, and has three levels: classical, semiclassical, and a combined semiclassical-histories-timeless records scheme. I end by delineating the current frontiers of this program toward resolution of the problem of time in the cases of full general relativity and of slightly inhomogeneous cosmology. PMID:25266113

Anderson, Edward

2014-10-01

94

Faceting ionic shells into icosahedra via electrostatics  

PubMed Central

Shells of various viruses and other closed packed structures with spherical topology exhibit icosahedral symmetry because the surface of a sphere cannot be tiled without defects, and icosahedral symmetry yields the most symmetric configuration with the minimum number of defects. Icosahedral symmetry is different from icosahedral-shaped structures, which include some large viruses, cationic–anionic vesicles, and fullerenes. We present a faceting mechanism of ionic shells into icosahedral shapes that breaks icosahedral symmetry resulting from different arrangements of the charged components among the facets. These self-organized ionic structures may favor the formation of flat domains on curved surfaces. We show that icosahedral shapes without rotational symmetry can have lower energy than spheres with icosahedral symmetry caused by preferred bending directions in the planar ionic lattice. The ability to create icosahedral shapes without icosahedral symmetry may lead to the design of new functional materials. The electrostatically driven faceting mechanism we present here suggests that we can design faceted polyhedra with diverse symmetries by coassembling oppositely charged molecules of different stoichiometric ratios. PMID:18003933

Vernizzi, Graziano; Olvera de la Cruz, Monica

2007-01-01

95

Protecting Rural Amenities Through Farmland Preservation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate what farmland preservation programs reveal about the importance of protecting different rural amenities. An extensive content analysis of the enabling legislation of various farmland protection programs suggests wide variation exists in the protection of amenities. An analysis of 27 individual Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) programs' selection criteria suggests these programs favor preserving amenities that are jointly provided

Cynthia J. Nickerson; Daniel Hellerstein

2003-01-01

96

Synthesis of {100} Facet Dominant Anatase TiO2 Nanobelts and the Origin of Facet-Dependent Photoreactivity.  

PubMed

Sword-like anatase TiO2 nanobelts exposed with 78?% clean {100} facets were synthesized and the facet-dependent photoreactivity of anatase TiO2 was investigated. By quantitative comparison with the reference {001} facets, the {100} facets possessed about ten-times higher active sites density than that on {001} facets, resulting in higher photoreaction efficiency. After the active sites density normalization, the {100} and {001} facets exhibited distinct wavelength-dependent photocatalytic performance, attributed to the anisotropic electronic structures in TiO2 crystals. PMID:25255881

Pan, Feng; Wu, Kai; Li, Hexing; Xu, Guoqin; Chen, Wei

2014-11-10

97

Discriminant Validity of NEO-PIR Facet Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two analyses were conducted to examine the discriminant validity of 30 facet scales from the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PIR). To examine cross-observer validity of specific variance in the facet scales, partial correlations between self-reports and peer (N = 250) and spouse (N = 68) ratings on the facets were calculated, controlling for the five common factors. All 60 convergent

Robert R. McCrae; Paul T. Costa

1992-01-01

98

Results from Plasma Wakefield Experiments at FACET  

SciTech Connect

We report initial results of the Plasma Wakefield Acceleration (PWFA) Experiments performed at FACET - Facility for Advanced aCcelertor Experimental Tests at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. At FACET a 23 GeV electron beam with 1.8 x 10{sup 10} electrons is compressed to 20 {mu}m longitudinally and focused down to 10 {mu}m x 10 {mu}m transverse spot size for user driven experiments. Construction of the FACET facility completed in May 2011 with a first run of user assisted commissioning throughout the summer. The first PWFA experiments will use single electron bunches combined with a high density lithium plasma to produce accelerating gradients > 10 GeV/m benchmarking the FACET beam and the newly installed experimental hardware. Future plans for further study of plasma wakefield acceleration will be reviewed. The experimental hardware and operation of the plasma heat-pipe oven have been successfully commissioned. Plasma wakefield acceleration was not observed because the electron bunch density was insufficient to ionize the lithium vapor. The remaining commissioning time in summer 2011 will be dedicated to delivering the FACET design parameters for the experimental programs which will begin in early 2012. PWFA experiments require the shorter bunches and smaller transverse sizes to create the plasma and drive large amplitude wakefields. Low emittance and high energy will minimize head erosion which was found to be a limiting factor in acceleration distance and energy gain. We will run the PWFA experiments with the design single bunch conditions in early 2012. Future PWFA experiments at FACET are discussed in [5][6] and include drive and witness bunch production for high energy beam manipulation, ramped bunch to optimize tranformer ratio, field-ionized cesium plasma, preionized plasmas, positron acceleration, etc.. We will install a notch collimator for two-bunch operation as well as new beam diagnostics such as the X-band TCAV [7] to resolve the two bunches. With these new instruments and desired beam parameters in place next year, we will be able to complete the studies of plasma wakefield acceleration in the next few years.

Li, S.Z.; Clarke, C.I.; England, R.J.; Frederico, J.; Gessner, S.J.; Hogan, M.J.; Jobe, R.K.; Litos, M.D.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Muggli, P.; /Munich, Max Planck Inst.; An, W.; Clayton, C.E.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.; Tochitsky, S.; /UCLA; Adli, E.; /U. Oslo

2011-12-13

99

An improved algorithm for facet-based infrared small target detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Infrared small target detection is an important research area of computer vision and often a key technique in Infrared Search and Track (IRST) systems. Many algorithms have been reported for this purpose. The facet-based method is one of novel algorithms and is shown as robust and efficient, but it does not perform well in target preservation. The method cannot detect peripheral pixel of target, which causes information loss of target intensity distribution and affects post processing of detection, such as target tracking and recognition. In this paper an improved algorithm is developed for solving this shortcoming. The detection behavior of the facet model is further analyzed. Small target is surrounded by background, so local image edge that indicates target contour can be represented by zero-crossings of the second partial derivatives. The improved algorithm uses facet model to fit local intensity surface and detect potential targets using extremum theory, then the zero-crossings of the second partial derivatives of the fitting function in each potential target's neighborhood are found and the pixels inside the zero-crossing contour are restored to the potential target. In experiments involving typical infrared images target intensity distribution information is well preserved by proposed algorithm and its execution time is also acceptable.

Yi, Kejia; Deng, Tingquan; Guan, Jing; Wang, Gongze; Chen, Hao

2011-11-01

100

Facet shapes in a Wulff crystal  

E-print Network

According to the Wulff construction the shape of the equilibrium crystal is determined by the surface tension considered as a function of the interface orientation. We present some (conjectured) approximate solutions and some rigorous results concerning this function, in the case of a lattice gas, and apply them to study the shape of the equilibrium crystal and, in particular, the shape of the facets of this crystal.

Salvador Miracle-Sole

2012-06-17

101

FACET: The New User Facility at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

FACET (Facility for Advanced Accelerator and Experimental Tests) is a new User Facility at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Its high power electron and positron beams make it a unique facility, ideal for beam-driven Plasma Wakefield Acceleration studies. The first 2 km of the SLAC linac produce 23 GeV, 3.2 nC electron and positron beams with short bunch lengths of 20 {mu}m. A final focusing system can produce beam spots 10 {mu}m wide. User-aided Commissioning took place in summer 2011 and FACET will formally come online in early 2012. We present the User Facility, the current features, planned upgrades and the opportunities for further experiments. Accelerators are our primary tool for discovering the fundamental laws to the universe. Each new frontier we probe requires a new, more powerful method. Accelerators are therefore increasing in size and cost. The future of this field requires new accelerating techniques that can reach the high energies required over shorter distances. New concepts for high gradient acceleration include utilizing the wakes in plasma and dielectric and metallic structures. FACET was built to provide a test bed for novel accelerating concepts with its high charge and highly compressed beams. As a test facility unlike any other, it has also attracted groups interested in beam diagnostic techniques and terahertz studies. The first phase of the construction was completed in May 2011. Beam commissioning began in June and was interleaved with the installation of five experiments. Users were invited to aid with the commissioning for the month of August during which time experimental hardware and software were checked out and some first measurements were taken. FACET is currently in the process of becoming a Department of Energy User Facility for High Energy Physics.

Clarke, C.I.; Decker, F.J.; Erikson, R.; Hast, C.; Hogan, M.J.; Iverson, R.; Li, S.Z.; Nosochkov, Y.; Phinney, N.; Sheppard, J.; Wienands, U.; Woodley, M.; Yocky, G.; /SLAC; Seryi, A.; /Oxford U., JAI; Wittmer, W.; /Michigan State U.

2011-12-13

102

Scalable Faceted Ranking in Tagging Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Nowadays, web collaborative tagging systems which allow users to upload, comment on and recommend contents, are growing. Such\\u000a systems can be represented as graphs where nodes correspond to users and tagged-links to recommendations. In this paper we\\u000a analyze the problem of computing a ranking of users with respect to a facet described as a set of tags. A straightforward\\u000a solution

José Ignacio Orlicki; J. Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin; Pablo Ignacio Fierens

2009-01-01

103

Facet arthrography in an unusual presentation of a lumbar hemorrhagic synovial cyst.  

PubMed

An 84-year-old man experienced right buttock pain that radiated gradually to his right lower extremity over a few months before admission. MRI revealed a space occupying intraspinal lesion that was close to the right-sided L4-L5 facet joint and an extraspinal lesion posterior to the right-sided L5 lamina. The lesions appeared as hyperintense areas on T1 weighted images and heterogeneous areas on T2 weighted images. Facet arthrography under CT guidance revealed peripheral infiltration of the contrast medium only in the intraspinal lesion at early stages; subsequently, the contrast medium diffused into the extraspinal lesion, establishing a continuity of the right L4-L5 facet joint with both lesions, which were connected through the interlaminar space. A connection between the intraspinal and extraspinal lesions at the right-sided interlaminar space at the L4-L5 level was clearly noted during intraoperative examination. Histological examination revealed a hemorrhagic synovial cyst. PMID:22205756

Tofuku, Katsuhiro; Koga, Hiroaki; Komiya, Setsuro

2012-11-01

104

Microreflectance inspection of diode laser front facets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on specular reflectivity measurements at the position of the waveguide at front facets of commercial diode laser arrays. Since the waveguide thickness is such semiconductor structures amounts about 1 micrometers an even better spatial resolution of the probe light spot is required. For this purpose, a micro-reflectance setup was designed and implemented. For re-locating the optically active region, e.g. after stepped-up operation time, we employ the photosensitivity of the active region by using the photocurrent induced by the probe beam for auto- alignment of the setup. We show for coated InGaAlAs/GaAs- single chip devices that during long-term operation the diode laser front facet reflectivity at the position of an emitter is almost constant with a slight tendency (about 0.002 at 633 nm) to increase. The results are explained in the framework of defect-induced refractive index changes within the semiconductor material close to the interface between waveguide and facet coating.

Doerfel, Fabian; Nerreter, Stefan; Tomm, Jens W.; Grunwald, Ruediger; Kunkel, R.; Luft, Johann

2002-04-01

105

Faceted Magnetron Device Using Discrete Current Sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A faceted magnetron concept has a cathode structure comprised of field emitters instead of the traditional thermionic cathode. The faceted magnetron structure has been modeled using the 3D particle-in-cell codes VORPAL 5.2 and ICEPIC. The two-dimensional particle trajectory simulation Lorentz2E has been used to model the electron injection from gated field emitters in a slit type structure. The sensitivity of the electron injection into the device was studied using Lorentz2E with the variation in the operating voltages in the cathode structure -as well as the location of the pusher electrode. Volume electron charge was considered in the sensitivity analysis. Surface charge was not included. Together with this work a model of a ten cavity rising sun magnetron was developed using VORPAL 5.2. A cylindrical and pentagonal-shaped cathode was modeled to study the variation of results due to the cathode shape. The results of this model are used to compare with results obtained from ICEPIC. Discrete current sources were also modeled to come from each facet of the pentagon-shaped cathode to study its effect on the magnetron operation. It is planned to generate velocity distributions of the electrons for the VORPAL input by using results generated with Lorentz2E.

Fernandez-Gutierrez, Sulmer; Browning, Jim; Smithe, David; Watrous, Jack

2012-10-01

106

Multi-faceted digital pyramid wavefront sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The modulated pyramid wavefront sensor is known for its high sensitivity and adjustable dynamic range. The need for mechanically moving parts in a modulated pyramid wavefront sensor can be overcome by using the recently proposed digital pyramid wavefront sensor. In this paper, a digital multi-faceted pyramid wavefront sensor is demonstrated with the use of a reflecting phase-only spatial light modulator. The four-pupil digital pyramid wavefront sensor with 4-facets is extended to 6 and 8-facets. It is noted from the experiments performed under identical low-noise conditions that the performance of the wavefront sensor in terms of the root mean square wavefront error remains nearly the same in cases of four, six and eight pupil configurations. Under the circumstances elucidated here, the results of simulations indicate that in the presence of scatter noise, the pyramid wavefront sensor with greater number of pupils could lead to an improvement over the standard four-pupil pyramid wavefront sensor. Noise from scattering makes the choice of optimal modulation radius critical while sensing in open-loop adaptive optics systems.

Akondi, Vyas; Castillo, Sara; Vohnsen, Brian

2014-07-01

107

JPL tests of a LaJet concentrator facet  

SciTech Connect

A LaJet Energy Company (LEC) concentrator facet, 60 in. in diameter, was tested for imaging quality at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory using two methods: (1) autofocus tests with a point source of light at the facet's radius of curvature, and (2) tests with the sun close to the horizon as a distant source. These tests of the LaJet facet indicate that all of the solar image reflected by an LEC 460 solar concentrator made of like facets should fall within a 9-in. aperture if the outer facets are carefully adjusted. Such a concentrator would have acceptable performance, but complete evaluation must be made with an assembled concentrator.

Dennison, E.W.; Argoud, M.J.

1983-11-15

108

Subject-specific evaluation of patellofemoral joint biomechanics during functional activity.  

PubMed

Patellofemoral joint pain is a common problem experienced by active adults. However, relatively little is known about patellofemoral joint load and its distribution across the medial and lateral facets of the patella. In this study, biomechanical experiments and computational modeling were used to study patellofemoral contact mechanics in four healthy adults during stair ambulation. Subject-specific anatomical and gait data were recorded using magnetic resonance imaging, dynamic X-ray fluoroscopy, video motion capture, and multiple force platforms. From these data, in vivo tibiofemoral joint kinematics and knee muscle forces were computed and then applied to a deformable finite-element model of the patellofemoral joint. The contact force acting on the lateral facet of the patella was 4-6 times higher than that acting on the medial facet. The peak average patellofemoral contact stresses were 8.2±1.0 MPa and 5.9±1.3 MPa for the lateral and medial patellar facets, respectively. Peak normal compressive stress and peak octahedral shear stress occurred near toe-off of the contralateral leg and were higher on the lateral facet than the medial facet; furthermore, the peak compressive stress (11.5±3.0 MPa) was higher than the peak octahedral shear stress (5.2±0.9 MPa). The dominant stress pattern on the lateral patellar facet corresponded well to the location of maximum cartilage thickness. Higher loading of the lateral facet is also consistent with the clinical observation that the lateral compartment of the patellofemoral joint is more prone to osteoarthritis than the medial compartment. Predicted cartilage contact stress maps near contralateral toe-off showed three distinctly different patterns: peak stresses located on the lateral patellar facet; peak stresses located centrally between the medial and lateral patellar facets; and peak stresses located superiorly on both the medial and lateral patellar facets. PMID:24998901

Akbarshahi, Massoud; Fernandez, Justin W; Schache, Anthony G; Pandy, Marcus G

2014-09-01

109

Nanoparticle growth. Facet development during platinum nanocube growth.  

PubMed

An understanding of how facets of a nanocrystal develop is critical for controlling nanocrystal shape and designing novel functional materials. However, the atomic pathways of nanocrystal facet development are mostly unknown because of the lack of direct observation. We report the imaging of platinum nanocube growth in a liquid cell using transmission electron microscopy with high spatial and temporal resolution. The growth rates of all low index facets are similar until the {100} facets stop growth. The continuous growth of the rest facets leads to a nanocube. Our calculation shows that the much lower ligand mobility on the {100} facets is responsible for the arresting of {100} growing facets. These findings shed light on nanocrystal shape-control mechanisms and future design of nanomaterials. PMID:25146287

Liao, Hong-Gang; Zherebetskyy, Danylo; Xin, Huolin; Czarnik, Cory; Ercius, Peter; Elmlund, Hans; Pan, Ming; Wang, Lin-Wang; Zheng, Haimei

2014-08-22

110

A new device used in the restoration of kinematics after total facet arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Facet degeneration can lead to spinal stenosis and instability, and often requires stabilization. Interbody fusion is commonly performed, but it can lead to adjacent-segment disease. Dynamic posterior stabilization was performed using a total facet arthroplasty system. The total facet arthroplasty system was originally intended to restore the natural motion of the posterior stabilizers, but follow-up studies are lacking due to limited clinical use. We studied the first 14 cases (long-term follow-up) treated with this new device in our clinic. All patients were diagnosed with lumbar stenosis due to hypertrophy of the articular facets on one to three levels (maximum). Disk space was of normal height. The design of this implant allows its use only at levels L3–L4 and L4–L5. We implanted nine patients at the L4–L5 level and four patients at level L3–L4. Postoperative follow-up of the patients was obtained for an average of 3.7 years. All patients reported persistent improvement of symptoms, visual analog scale score, and Oswestry Disability Index score. Functional scores and dynamic radiographic imaging demonstrated the functional efficacy of this new implant, which represents an alternative technique and a new approach to dynamic stabilization of the vertebral column after interventions for spine decompression. The total facet arthroplasty system represents a viable option for dynamic posterior stabilization after spinal decompression. For the observed follow-up, it preserved motion without significant complications or apparent intradisk or adjacent-disk degeneration. PMID:24926203

Vermesan, D; Prejbeanu, R; Daliborca, C Vlad; Haragus, H; Magureanu, M; Marrelli, M; Promenzio, L; Caprio, M; Cagiano, R; Tatullo, M

2014-01-01

111

A delayed diagnosis of bilateral facet dislocation of the cervical spine: a case report  

PubMed Central

Objective: To review the case of a patient suffering from bilateral facet dislocation of the cervical spine. Clinical features: A 53-year-old male was involved in a car accident and was transported to the hospital. Cervical radiographs were taken at the emergency department and interpreted as normal. Four days later, he consulted a chiropractor where radiographs of the cervical spine were repeated. The examination revealed bilateral cervical facet joint dislocation at C5–C6 as well as a fracture involving the spinous process and laminae of C6. Intervention and outcome: The patient was referred to the hospital and underwent surgery. Conclusion: Patients involved in motor vehicle accidents often consult chiropractors for neck pain treatment. A high index of suspicion due to significant history and physical examination findings should guide the clinician in determining the need for reviewing the initial radiographs (if taken and available) or request repeat studies, regardless of the initial imaging status. PMID:24587496

O'Shaughnessy, Julie; Grenier, Julie-Marthe; Stern, Paula J.

2014-01-01

112

FIRO-B: factors and facets.  

PubMed

10 FIRO-B intercorrelation matrices were factor analysed; one matrix was derived from new FIRO-B data, all the other matrices were found in the literature. The correlation matrices were also subjected to meta-analysis. The findings suggested that the four FIRO-B scales associated with Inclusion and Affection are facets of the ubiquitous interpersonal superfactor, Nurturance, but the two FIRO-B Control scales each express an orthogonal construct both of which relate to the super-factor, Dominance. PMID:10778286

Macrosson, W D

2000-02-01

113

Fabrication of faceted nanopores in magnesium  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, using high resolution transmission electron microscopy, we showed the fabrication of faceted nanopores with various shapes in magnesium by focused electron beam (e-beam). The characteristics of nanopore shapes and the crystallographic planes corresponding to the edges of the nanopores were discussed in detail. Interestingly, by manipulating the e-beam (e.g., irradiation direction and duration), the nanopore shape and size could be effectively controlled along different directions. Our results provide important insight into the nanopore patterning in metallic materials and are of fundamental importance concerning the relevant applications, such as nanopore-based sensor, etc.

Wu, Shujing; Cao, Fan; Zheng, He; Sheng, Huaping; Liu, Chun; Liu, Yu; Zhao, Dongshan; Wang, Jianbo, E-mail: wang@whu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Technology, Center for Electron Microscopy and MOE Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-Structures, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)] [School of Physics and Technology, Center for Electron Microscopy and MOE Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-Structures, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

2013-12-09

114

Spontaneous septic arthritis of the lumbar facet caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an otherwise healthy adolescent.  

PubMed

We report the case of a 16-year-old boy with isolated septic arthritis of a lumbar facet. This rare presentation of an infection in a lumbar facet joint occurred after minor trauma sustained in a football game. Septic arthritis of the spinal facet joint is an uncommon phenomenon. Only 5 cases have been reported in immunocompromised pediatric patients. To our knowledge, no case of septic arthritis in an immunocompetent pediatric patient has been reported. An otherwise healthy 16-year-old boy presented with 4 weeks of escalating back pain after a minor athletics-related trauma. Evaluation showed incapacitating pain, lumbar musculature spasms, and the absence of fever, hemodynamic, or neurologic changes. Laboratory values were within normal limits. Magnetic resonance images showed a fluid collection within the L3-L4 facet and a localized abscess. Computed tomographic-guided aspiration showed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, for which the patient received 6 weeks of vancomycin with complete resolution of symptoms. Refractory lumbago in an adolescent requires careful evaluation. PMID:25046186

Papaliodis, Dean N; Roberts, Timothy T; Richardson, Nicholas G; Lawrence, James B

2014-07-01

115

An Integrated Facet-Based Library for Arbitrary Software Components  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reuse is an important means of reducing costs and effort during the development of complex software systems. A major challenge is to find suitable components in a large library with reasonable effort. This becomes even harder in today's development practice where a variety of artefacts such as models and documents play an equally important role as source code. Thus, different types of heterogeneous components exist and require consideration in a component search process. One flexible approach to structure (software component) libraries is faceted classification. Faceted classifications and in particular faceted browsing are nowadays widely used in online systems. This paper takes a fresh approach towards using faceted classification in heterogeneous software component libraries by transferring faceted browsing concepts from the web to software component libraries. It presents an architecture and implementation of such a library. This implementation is used to evaluate the applicability of facets in the context of an industry-driven case study.

Schmidt, Matthias; Polowinski, Jan; Johannes, Jendrik; Fernández, Miguel A.

116

Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom  

DOEpatents

A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2012-07-24

117

15 CFR 922.192 - Joint Management Committee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint Management Committee. 922.192 Section 922...COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY PROGRAM...Underwater Preserve § 922.192 Joint Management Committee. (a) A...

2010-01-01

118

Preservation of Digital Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to preservation of digital objects: practical examples; stakeholders; recordkeeping standards; genre-specific problems; trusted repository standards; preservation methods; preservation metadata standards; and future directions. (Contains 82 references.) (MES)

Galloway, Patricia

2004-01-01

119

Moire Superstructures of Graphene on Faceted Nickel Islands  

E-print Network

, Colorado 80401, United States G raphene, a two-dimensional (2D) single crystal of carbon atoms ar- ranged synthesized via thermal car- burization of SiC(0001)5 and by surface seg- regation of carbon dissolved observed to grow seamlessly, as single crystals, across adjacent (111) and (110) facets and over the facet

Ciobanu, Cristian

120

Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer  

E-print Network

Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer Michael W. Kudenov Julia://opticalengineering.spiedigitallibrary.org/ on 02/04/2013 Terms of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms #12;Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer Michael W. Kudenov Julia Craven-Jones The University of Arizona College of Optical

Dereniak, Eustace L.

121

Possible burst-like facet growth mode at high temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A decade ago, a burst-like growth mode of c-facets of 4He crystals growing at mK temperatures, characterized by the alternation of time intervals during which the facet does not advance with the intervals of its fast advancement, was found [J.P. Ruutu, P.J. Hakonen, A.V. Babkin, A.Y. Parshin, J.S. Penttilä, J.P. Saramäki, G. Tvalashvili, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 (1996) 4187]. We investigate the possibility that a similar facet growth mode exists for facets at high growth temperatures. We have applied the digital laser interferometry for monitoring facet kinetics of spherical copper selenide single crystals during their growth at constant volume growth rate around 800 K. Our analysis of directly measured (1 1 1) facet advancement curves has revealed that they consist of time intervals during which the facet does not advance vertically alternating with the time intervals of enhanced growth, resembling the burst-like facet growth mode. The results are discussed in terms of the enhancement of the local supersaturation induced by the existence of nucleation barrier.

Lovri?, Davorin; Vu?i?, Zlatko; Gladi?, Jadranko

2008-07-01

122

Faceted Ranking of Egos in Collaborative Tagging Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia uploaded content is tagged and recom- mended by users of collaborative systems, resulting in informal classifications also known as folksonomies. Faceted web ranking has been proved a reasonable alternative to a single ranking which does not take into account a personalized context. In this paper we analyze the online computation of rankings of users associated to facets made up

Jose Ignacio Orlicki; Pablo Ignacio Fierens; José Ignacio Alvarez-Hamelin

2008-01-01

123

Thin-shell model for faceting of multicomponent elastic vesicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use a discretized version of a thin elastic shell model to show that a two-component elastic vesicle can lower its energy by faceting into a wide variety of polyhedral shapes. The elastic shell model allows us to completely remove effects of the topological defects necessarily present in spherical topology. Therefore, we show that the faceting mechanism of multicomponent elastic vesicles is fundamentally different than the familiar defect-driven buckling into icosahedra. We present a detailed gallery of faceted shapes and discuss how the interplay between bending and stretching energies leads to faceting. Present work extends our recent study of the faceting of a two-component shell in the presence of topological defects [1]. [1] G. Vernizzi, R. Sknepnek, M. Olvera de la Cruz, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 4292 (2011).

Sknepnek, Rastko; Olvera de La Cruz, Monica

2012-02-01

124

Brief communication: coracoclavicular joint in Northwest Indians.  

PubMed

The incidence of an articular facet on the conoid tubercle of the clavicle indicating the presence of a coracoclavicular joint was studied in paired clavicles obtained from 1,000 adult subjects aged 18 to 95 years (748 males, 252 females), and 75 children (45 males, 30 females) of known age on whom a medicolegal postmortem had been performed by the second author during 1972-90. The subjects were inhabitants of northwest India. In addition, paired clavicles from 50 neonates and 35 fetuses were also examined. The facet was absent in the fetuses, neonates, and young children. The youngest clavicle showing the facet was from a girl of 13 years, in which it was present bilaterally. In adults the incidence of the facet was 10.1% (bilateral 5.7%, unilateral 4.4%) in males and 8.3% (bilateral 3.6%, unilateral 4.8%) in females. Absence of the facet in the fetuses, neonates, and young children shows that it is not a congenital anomaly. PMID:1928318

Kaur, H; Jit, I

1991-08-01

125

Ultra-steep side facets in multi-faceted SiGe/Si(001) Stranski-Krastanow islands.  

PubMed

For the prototypical Ge/Si(001) system, we show that at high growth temperature a new type of Stranski-Krastanow islands is formed with side facets steeper than {111} and high aspect ratio. Nano-goniometric analysis of the island shapes reveals the presence of six new facet groups in addition to those previously found for dome or barn-shaped islands. Due to the highly multi-faceted island shape and high aspect ratio, the new island types are named "cupola" islands and their steepest {12 5 3} side facet is inclined by 68°to the substrate surface. Assessing the relative stability of the new facets from surface area analysis, we find that their stability is similar to that of {113} and {15 3 23} facets of dome islands. The comparison of the different island shapes shows that they form a hierarchical class of geometrical structures, in which the lower aspect ratio islands of barns, domes and pyramids are directly derived from the cupola islands by successive truncation of the pedestal bases without facet rearrangements. The results underline the key role of surface faceting in the process of island formation, which is as crucial for understanding the island's growth evolution as it is important for device applications. PMID:21711579

Brehm, Moritz; Lichtenberger, Herbert; Fromherz, Thomas; Springholz, Gunther

2011-01-01

126

Developing a Policy Framework for Digital Preservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) has been established by the Joint Information Systems Committee of the UK's Higher Education Funding Councils to collect, preserve and promote re-use of digital resources which result from or support research and teaching in the arts and humanities. Within the UK, the Digital Archiving Working Group (DAWG) has been formed to co-ordinate research

Neil Beagrie

1998-01-01

127

Personality and life satisfaction: a facet-level analysis.  

PubMed

At the global level of the Big Five, Extraversion and Neuroticism are the strongest predictors of life satisfaction. However, Extraversion and Neuroticism are multifaceted constructs that combine more specific traits. This article examined the contribution of facets of Extraversion and Neuroticism to life satisfaction in four studies. The depression facet of Neuroticism and the positive emotions/cheerfulness facet of Extraversion were the strongest and most consistent predictors of life satisfaction. These two facets often accounted for more variance in life satisfaction than Neuroticism and Extraversion. The findings suggest that measures of depression and positive emotions/cheerfulness are necessary and sufficient to predict life satisfaction from personality traits. The results also lead to a more refined understanding of the specific personality traits that influence life satisfaction: Depression is more important than anxiety or anger and a cheerful temperament is more important than being active or sociable. PMID:15257789

Schimmack, Ulrich; Oishi, Shigehiro; Furr, R Michael; Funder, David C

2004-08-01

128

Faceting of Cu(210) and Ni(210) by activated nitrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interactions of activated nitrogen (AN) with Cu(210) and Ni(210) and of O 2 with Ni(210) have been studied using LEED, RHEED and AES. Exposure to AN at 290 K produces (100) facets with a c(11 ?2 × ?2)R45°-N overlayer; on warming (520 K) in vacuum, (110) facets with a p(2 × 3)-N overlayer appear. Heating to 600 K causes desorption of N 2 and regeneration of the (210) surface. With O 2 on Ni(210) complicated facet patterns are observed. Facet orientations have been identified by a simple method involving rotation of the crystal. The results are discussed in relation to the stabilities of various Cu surfaces, particularly (410) and (530), in the presence of AN and O 2.

Kirby, R. E.; McKee, C. S.; Renny, L. V.

1980-07-01

129

Facette : using facets to improve tag-based bookmarking  

E-print Network

Facette is a web service that uses facets to enhance the organizational capabilities of tag-based bookmarking systems. As with other bookmarking services, Facette allows users to associate tags with bookmarks to assist the ...

Lai, Peter (Peter J.)

2009-01-01

130

Hydrothermal growth of multi-facet anatase spheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Titania with various nanostructures can be synthesized by several F --mediated procedures. In this paper, we report the synthesis of a novel multi-facet microsphere consisting of etched single-crystalline anatase by simply immersing metallic Ti plates in an HF aqueous solution under hydrothermal conditions. The etched multi-facet sphere was found to grow through the nucleation and growth of truncated bipyramids on a previously precipitated one to assemble a microsphere, and its subsequent etching by HF to expose the thermodynamic stable {1 0 1} facets. The photocatalytic activity of such etched multi-facet sphere thin films was evaluated utilizing rhodamine B and sulfonic salicylic acid in water as target molecules and compared with commercial Degussa P25 titania nanoparticles.

Wu, Jin-Ming; Song, Xiao-Mei; Ma, Lu-Yao; Wei, Xiao-Dan

2011-03-01

131

Analysis on linac quadrupole misalignment in FACET commissioning 2012  

SciTech Connect

In this note, the analysis on linac quadrupole misalignment is presented for the FACET linac section LI05-09 plus LI11-19. The effectiveness of the beam-based alignment technique is preliminarily confirmed by the measurement. Beam-based alignment technique was adopted at SLAC linac since SLC time. Here the beam-based alignment algorithms are further developed and applied in the FACET commissioning during 2012 run.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-07-05

132

Birth-order effects on facets of extraversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the reasons for inconsistent findings concerning birth-order effects and extraversion. According to Sulloway (1995, 1996), one would expect first-born siblings to rate higher on one of the facets, dominance, and later-born siblings to rate higher on the other facet, sociability. In a within-family design, 96 undergraduate and graduate students rated themselves and their siblings on a

Emma Beck; Katriina L. Burnet; Jane Vosper

2006-01-01

133

Utility of a faceted catalog for scholarly research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine whether a faceted OPAC interface offers improvements to information discovery in scholarly research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The 5.2 million records of an entire library catalog were loaded into a faceted navigation interface and an attractive search term suggestion tool. Humanities PhD students at the dissertation level and familiar with this collection

Tod A. Olson

2007-01-01

134

Formax Preserved Birds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quick, simple method for preserving bird specimens using borax and a formalin solution is described. Procedures for injecting and mounting the specimens are given along with certain restrictions on preserving specimens. (MA)

Sheridan, Philip

1978-01-01

135

Structural Equation Modelling of Multiple Facet Data: Extending Models for Multitrait-Multimethod Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about the structural equation modelling of quantitative measures that are obtained from a multiple facet design. A facet is simply a set consisting of a finite number of elements. It is assumed that measures are obtained by combining each element of each facet. Methods and traits are two such facets, and a multitrait-multimethod…

Bechger, Timo M.; Maris, Gunter

2004-01-01

136

Low index faceting of Pt nanostructures on oxide surface with potential application for fuel cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anneal induced faceting of platinum (Pt) thin film is being studied by atomic force microscopy. We find that at 700 °C faceting occurs by first forming percolation clusters. The nanodots form low index facets with the substrate and with various geometric shapes parallel to the substrate. Time dependent coarsening kinetics shows Lifsitz-Slyozov/Wagner type diffusion therefore indicating Oswald ripening. Low index faceting of Pt nanodots is also stepped/faceted showing its potential application for efficient fuel cells.

Aurongzeb, Deeder

2007-09-01

137

How Many Facets are Needed to Represent the Surface Energy Balance of an Urban Area?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the question of how many facets are needed to represent the energy balance of an urban area by developing simplified\\u000a 3-, 2- and 1-facet versions of a 4-facet energy balance model of two-dimensional streets and buildings. The 3-facet model\\u000a simplifies the 4-facet model by averaging over the canyon orientation, which results in similar net shortwave and longwave\\u000a balances

Aurore Porson; Ian N. Harman; Sylvia I. Bohnenstengel; Stephen E. Belcher

2009-01-01

138

How Many Facets are Needed to Represent the Surface Energy Balance of an Urban Area?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the question of how many facets are needed to represent the energy balance of an urban area by developing simplified 3-, 2- and 1-facet versions of a 4-facet energy balance model of two-dimensional streets and buildings. The 3-facet model simplifies the 4-facet model by averaging over the canyon orientation, which results in similar net shortwave and longwave balances

Aurore Porson; Ian N. Harman; Sylvia I. Bohnenstengel; Stephen E. Belcher

2009-01-01

139

Joint Occupancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes summaries of 15 articles and reports dealing with the joint use of buildings and facilities by schools and other public or private organizations. An introductory section describes the historical origins and development of the joint occupancy concept and examines the various economic and philosophical arguments…

Higham, Charlene Ellison

140

Ceramic joints  

DOEpatents

Butt joints between materials having different coefficients of thermal expansion are prepared having a reduced probability of failure of stress facture. This is accomplished by narrowing/tapering the material having the lower coefficient of thermal expansion in a direction away from the joint interface and not joining the narrow-tapered surface to the material having the higher coefficient of thermal expansion.

Miller, Bradley J. (Worcester, MA); Patten, Jr., Donald O. (Sterling, MA)

1991-01-01

141

Gold coverage and faceting of MBE grown silicon nanowires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we investigate the faceting of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) grown nanowires and the post-growth repartition of the gold used as catalyst. Electron microscopy analysis are performed using Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy - High Angle Annular Dark Field (STEM-HAADF), electron tomography, and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) to collect complementary information. The nanowires present very little to no faceting at the very top, very close to the catalyst, suggesting the nanowires grow with a quasi-circular section at the early stages of growth. The nanowires are then found to have an hexagonal and/or dodecagonal section and present a finer ‘saw-tooth’ faceting on the main faces. We find gold clusters spread on the surfaces of the nanowires, but we could not observe any gold inside the nanowires. Furthermore, the gold coverage is uneven on the different facets of the nanowire. The creation of these facets and the gold coverage are two linked phenomena balancing each other.

David, Thomas; Roussel, Luc; Neisius, Thomas; Cabie, Martiane; Gailhanou, Marc; Alfonso, Claude

2013-11-01

142

Investigating facets of personality in adult pathological gamblers with ADHD  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The present study explored facets of personality in a sample of pathological gamblers with ADHD (n = 52) and without ADHD (n = 43). Participants were assessed for psychopathology and gambling disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the National Opinion Research Center DSM Screen for Gambling Problems, and the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale. Facets of personality were assessed using the NEO Personality Inventory–Revised. Group differences emerged across several facets of personality when analyzed using multivariate statistics. Although both groups experienced difficulties in several areas compared with norming data (e.g., greater depression, higher impulsivity, lower self-esteem and lower self-discipline), these facets of personality were more pronounced in pathological gamblers with ADHD. Most notable among these differences are tendencies for gamblers with ADHD to experience greater levels of emotional instability, interpersonal sensitivity and stress proneness. Pathological gamblers with ADHD also appear to experience lower self-esteem, greater difficulty being assertive and lower levels of self-discipline. Surprisingly, both groups were comparable on facets of impulsivity. These findings suggest that pathological gamblers diagnosed with adult ADHD may experience additional challenges compared with pathological gamblers without ADHD. PMID:22815658

Davtian, Margarit; Reid, Rory C; Fong, Timothy W

2012-01-01

143

The temporal relationship between joints and faults  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Examples are presented of three temporal relationships between joints and faults: joints that pre-date faults; joints that are precursors to, or synchronous with, faults; and joints that post-date faults. Emphasis is placed on strike-slip faults in carbonate beds, but other examples are used. General rules are given for identifying the three temporal relationships between joints and faults. Joints that formed before faults can be dilated, sheared or affected by pressure solution during faulting, depending on their orientation in relation to the applied stress system. Faulted joints can preserve some original geometry of a joint pattern, with pinnate joints or veins commonly developing where faulted joints interact. Joints formed synchronously with faults reflect the same stress system that caused the faulting, and tend to increase in frequency toward faults. In contrast, joints that pre- or post-date faults tend not to increase in frequency towards the fault. Joints that post-date a fault may cut across or abut the fault and fault-related veins, without being displaced by the fault. They may also lack dilation near the fault, even if the fault has associated veins. Joints formed either syn- or post-faulting may curve into the fault, indicating stress perturbation around the fault. Different joint patterns may exist across the fault because of mechanical variations. Geometric features may therefore be used in the field to identify the temporal relationships between faults and joints, especially where early joints affect or control fault development, or where the distribution of late joints are influenced by faults.

Peacock, D. C. P.

2001-02-01

144

Titanium dioxide nanoswords with highly reactive, photocatalytic facets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most widely studied and important materials for catalysis, photovoltaics, and surface science applications, but the ability to consistently control the relative exposure of higher surface energy facets during synthesis remains challenging. Here, we present the repeatable synthesis of highly reactive, rutile {001} or {101} facets on broad, sword-shaped TiO2 nanostructures rapidly synthesized in minutes. Growth occurs along planes of lower surface energy, repeatedly yielding nanostructures with large, high energy facets. The quantitative photocatalytic reactivity of the nanoswords, demonstrated by the photoreduction of silver, is over an order of magnitude higher than reference low energy TiO2{110} substrates. Therefore, the higher surface energy dominated TiO2 nanoswords are ideal structures for characterizing the physicochemical properties of rutile TiO2, and may be used to enhance a variety of catalytic, optical, and clean-technology applications.

Sosnowchik, Brian D.; Chiamori, Heather C.; Ding, Yong; Ha, Jong-Yoon; Wang, Zhong Lin; Lin, Liwei

2010-12-01

145

Mapping Mindfulness Facets onto Dimensions of Anxiety and Depression  

PubMed Central

Background Mindfulness has been associated with anxiety and depression, but the ways in which specific facets of mindfulness relate to symptoms of anxiety and depression remains unclear. The purpose of the current study was to investigate associations between specific facets of mindfulness (e.g., observing, describing, nonjudging, acting with awareness, and nonreactivity) and dimensions of anxiety and depression symptoms (e.g., anxious arousal, general distress-anxiety, general distress-depression, and anhedonic depression) while controlling for shared variance among variables. Methods Participants were 187 treatment-seeking adults. Mindfulness was measured using the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured using the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire. Results Bivariate correlations showed that all facets of mindfulness were significantly related to all dimensions of anxiety and depression with two exceptions: describing was unrelated to general distress -anxiety, and observing was unrelated to all symptom clusters. Path analysis was used to simultaneously examine associations between mindfulness facets and depression and anxiety symptoms. Significant and marginally significant pathways were retained to construct a more parsimonious model and model fit indices were examined. The parsimonious model indicated that nonreactivity was significantly inversely associated with general distress anxiety symptoms. Describing was significantly inversely associated with anxious arousal, while observing was significantly positively associated with it. Nonjudging and nonreactivity were significantly inversely related to general distress-depression and anhedonic depression symptomatology. Acting with awareness was not significantly associated with any dimensions of anxiety or depression. Conclusions Findings support associations between specific facets of mindfulness and dimensions of anxiety and depression and highlight the potential utility of targeting these specific aspects of mindfulness in interventions for anxiety and mood disorders. PMID:23768665

Desrosiers, Alethea; Klemanski, David H.; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

2014-01-01

146

PROGRESS IN BLOOD PRESERVATION  

PubMed Central

Disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate (Na2EDTA) is a powerful anticoagulant for blood. It preserves the cellular elements of the blood better than the anticoagulants commonly used. It is practically atoxic and almost completely excreted. Blood preserved with the disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate is useful for transfusion after storage of three to four weeks. The addition of glucose and raffinose increases the survival time of the erythrocytes for from four to six weeks. The disodium calcium complex may be used for the preservation of whole blood. It is completely atoxic. Ethyl alcohol-saline-sugar solutions preserve erythrocytes for at least 150 days; they are excellent preservatives for the agglutinogens. Whole blood preserved with glycerin-raffinose-glucose may be frozen at —20° C. for at least two months, and probably for a longer period, without excessive hemolysis after thawing. PMID:13190434

Proescher, Frederick; Nolan, Jean

1954-01-01

147

Scientific Data Preservation  

E-print Network

possible and lead to an enhancement of the initial investment. Data observatories, based on open accessIrtual observatory In astrophysIcs c. surace crystallography open Databases anD preservatIon: a WorlD-WIDe InItIatIve management anD preservatIon c.cérin,m.lebbah,h.azzag scIentIfIc Data preservatIon, copyrIght anD open sc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

National Film Preservation Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the United States Congress, the National Film Preservation Foundation provides nationwide support to the preservation of American films of cultural and historical significance, along with improving film access for study, education, and exhibition. Located in San Francisco, the Foundation also awards grants to various film archives and preservations agencies who are also dedicated to preserving important landmarks in American cinematic history. Information on the site includes Preservation Basics, which talks about the importance of film preservation and the nature and chemistry of film decay. A grants and projects section offers information about applying for a film preservation grant from the Foundation and about ongoing preservation projects, like the Saving the Silents: The American Silent Fiction Film Project. In addition, the site contains a complete listing (by title, date, and archive) of the 500 films helped preserved by the Foundation. Film researchers and scholars will find a map of the United States that lists existing film archives and study centers around the country both helpful and a useful tool for determining the direction of their research.

149

Preservation Management of Digital Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Wide Web gives us an unprecedented opportunity to provide people around the globe with access to significant historical and cultural works. However, the Web, by its very nature, requires those works to be in some electronically transmittable form before they can be made available, and most historical documents, by their very nature, are in a form well-removed from the computerized world of today. So how can this gap be bridged? And once a bridge is built, how can we be assured that it will stand over the decades and centuries to come? Preservation Management of Digital Materials, published by the UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), provides in-depth coverage of the procedures and issues encountered in the course of creating and storing digital documents. This publication provides easily-accessible information that should be of increasing interest to anyone involved with digital publication and archiving of existing works.

150

Preservation 11/8/2011 Preservation  

E-print Network

Program Conservation Treatments Gift Preview Procedure Preservation Week Seven Deadly Sins Exhibit for Long Review Release Research: Circulation Holdings: CU (copies, other eds.), WorldCat, Alliance Review - Research ·Short Review ·Plus: ·Condition of other CU copies ·WorldCat holdings for: ·Other

Stowell, Michael

151

Pervasive Social Computing: Augmenting Five Facets of Human Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pervasive Social Computing is a novel collective paradigm, derived from pervasive computing, social media, social networking, social signal processing, etc. This paper reviews Pervasive Social Computing as an integrated computing environment, which promises to augment five facets of human intelligence in physical environment awareness, behavior awareness, community awareness, interaction awareness, and content awareness. Reviews of related studies are given and

Jiehan Zhou; Junzhao Sun; Kumaripaba Athukorala; Dinesh Wijekoon

2010-01-01

152

The Development of Artificial Immune System in Topographic Facet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores artificial immune system in feature extraction mechanism. Certain important features like robustness, dynamic, adaptive, error tolerant, distributive are key features of natural immune system. These features have a detailed description. We have used adaptive immune system to develop this extraction method successfully. The terrain has several facets such as water, vegetation, urban, denseurban, barren and many more.

Bidisha Das; Preeti Kumari; Rachna Jindal; Rashmi Rameshwari

2011-01-01

153

FACETS: Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations  

E-print Network

, in particular of each of the aspects of a fusion confinement device. LBNL IU MIT NYU Lodestar GA Self (Physics); CSU (AM); ORNL (CS, perf); ParaTools (CS, perf) · Appended SAP: GA, ORNL · Advisory: Columbia + MHD; volumetric; diagnostic; data flow) ­ FACETS (Core + Edge + Wall; surfacial; implicit; message

154

Exploring Facets of Personality and Escapism in Pathological Gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored facets of personality between pathological gamblers (n = 69) and nonpathological gamblers (n = 55) in a convenience sample in Los Angeles, California. Pathological gamblers were more prone to mood disturbance, impulsivity, feelings of frustration, interpersonal sensitivity, vulnerability to distress, and distrust of others as measured by the NEO Personality Inventory–Revised. Pathological gamblers also reported diminished competence

Rory C. Reid; Desiree S. Li; Jean Lopez; Michael Collard; Iman Parhami; Reef Karim; Timothy Fong

2011-01-01

155

Where Does Metonymy Stop? Senses, Facets, and Active Zones  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to propose a constrained lexical semantic definition of referential metonymy within a model of meaning as ontology and construal. Due to their various types of lexical-referential pairings, 3 types of construals that are fre- quently referred to as metonymy in the cognitive literature are distinguished as metonymization, facetization, and zone activation. Metonymization involves the

Carita Paradis

2004-01-01

156

Multiple Facets of Inequity in Racial and Ethnic Achievement Gaps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a critical look into national trends of the achievement gaps between Whites and Blacks and between Whites and Hispanics over the last 3 decades based on the National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessments. It examines multiple facets of inequity underlying the racial and ethnic achievement gaps from 3…

Lee, Jaekyung

2004-01-01

157

Exploratory Patent Search with Faceted Search and Configurable Entity Mining  

E-print Network

Exploratory Patent Search with Faceted Search and Configurable Entity Mining Pavlos Fafalios1 Searching for patents is usually a recall-oriented problem and depending on the patent search type, quite. We propose an exploratory strategy for patent search that exploits the metadata already available

Tzitzikas, Yannis

158

Personality Facets and RIASEC Interests: An Integrated Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research examining links between personality and interest have typically focused on links between measures of the five factor model and Holland's RIASEC types. However, the five factor model of personality can be divided in to a larger set of narrow domain personality scales measuring facets of the "big five" traits. Research in a number of fields…

Armstrong, Patrick Ian; Anthoney, Sarah Fetter

2009-01-01

159

Clique-based facets for the precedence constrained knapsack ...  

E-print Network

Dec 19, 2005 ... for network design and other related problems. ... In this paper, we determine facet-defining inequalities for the convex hull conv(P) of the PCKP ...... I.: A study of part type selection approaches for short-term production plan-.

160

MULTI-FACETED SUSTAINABILITY ON ITHACA COLLEGE NATURAL LANDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This student-generated proposal presents a multi-faceted program for sustainable stewardship of the natural areas south of the built campus of Ithaca College. Our challenge is to use student research and class projects to enhance biodiversity, support education and research, and...

161

The Steiner tree problem II: Properties and classes of facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second part of two papers addressing the study of the facial structure of the Steiner tree polyhedron. In this paper we identify several classes of facet defining inequalities and relate them to special classes of graphs on which the Steiner tree problem is known to be NP-hard.

Sunil Chopra; M. R. Rao

1994-01-01

162

Empirical Identification of the Major Facets of Conscientiousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conscientiousness is often found to predict academic outcomes, but is defined differently by different models of personality. High school students (N = 291) completed a large number of Conscientiousness items from different models and the Big Five Inventory (BFI). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the items uncovered eight facets:…

MacCann, Carolyn; Duckworth, Angela Lee; Roberts, Richard D.

2009-01-01

163

Preserving digital information forever  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well within our lifetime we can expect to see most information being created, stored and used digitally. Despite the growing importance of digital data, the wider community pays almost no attention to the problems of preserving this digital information for the future. Even within the archival and library communities most work on digital preservation has been theoretical, not practical, and

Andrew Waugh; Ross Wilkinson; Brendan Hills; Jon Dell'oro

2000-01-01

164

Protein Preservation BIOMATERIALS  

E-print Network

Protein Preservation BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to develop measurements for characterizing sugar-based glasses with respect to their ability to serve as preservation media for therapeutic proteins to the stability of proteins in stabilizing sugar-based glass. This property had been completely overlooked

165

Why Preserve Biodiversity?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan stresses the importance of maintaining ecosystems and explores the various arguments in favor of preserving the biodiversity of Earth. Students will view photos of endangered species and discuss why these animals are threatened and why they should be protected; learn the meaning of biodiversity, ecosystem, and extinction; explain why all members of an ecosystem are important; list the reasons why biodiversity should be preserved; read articles on various arguments in favor of preserving biodiversity; and write essays in which they explain what they feel are the most compelling reasons for preserving biodiversity and also describe the arguments they think would be most likely to convince the general public that biodiversity should be preserved.

166

Morphological Traits Around Patellofemoral Joint in Indian Femora and their Implications  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Knowledge of structural variations around patellofemoral joint has helped to understand postural behavior patterns of various population groups. The biomechanical impact of postures may lead to certain skeletal modifications which may contribute to knee pathologies like patellofemoral arthritis, patellar subluxation and trochlear dysplasia. This study was conducted to report the incidence of skeletal non-metric markers on femur in Indian population and to understand their correlation with some pathologies of patellofemoral joint. The traits studied were Martin’s facet, Peritrochlear groove and Supratrochlear facet. Materials and Methods: The study material was a collection of 152 adult femora from osteology museum in Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India, with equal percentage of bones from each side and gender. All bones were evaluated for the above mentioned traits and results were obtained as percentage of incidence and Chi-Square test using SPSS version 17. Results: The data showed that Martin’s facet and Peritrochlear groove showed a higher occurrence in male femora. However, Supratrochlear facet was more commonly found in female bones. Martin’s facet had an equal incidence on femora of each side while peritrochlear groove and supratrochlear facet had higher percentage of occurrence on right side. Supratrochlear facet revealed significant side variation. Conclusion: These data suggest that casual or occupational postures may impose structural adaptations around patell- ofemoral joint. The stress of these postures may have causal,consequential or co-incidental relationship with joint pathologies. The gender, special occupations like sports and genetic predisposition may possibly have a role to play. PMID:25302179

Ghosh, Suchismita; Vasudeva, Neelam

2014-01-01

167

Synovial cyst of a lumbar facet joint: a rare cause of back pain and sciatica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les kystes synoviaux intrarachidiens sont des lésions peu communes qui peuvent se traduire par des lombalgies aiguës ou chroniques associées ou non à des signes radiculaires. Nous présentons deux cas de lombalgies associées à des signes radiculaires, dont la cause était une pathologie inhabituelle représentée par un kyste synoval intrarachidien.

R. A. Marston; M. Burwell; T. B. McAuliffe; A. J. Kellerman

1993-01-01

168

Development and Validation of a Synthetic Lumbar Facet Joint and its Load Bearing Characteristics  

E-print Network

, or other types of spacers. This procedure is commonly used to alleviate LBP cause by vertebral fractures, deformities, and DD. Although spinal fusion has been widely used for years, it has a Page | 3 high risk of failure. Turner et al. report failure... to restore is shape and structure. These procedures are commonly used to address LBP associated with osteoporosis and vertebral fractures. Both of these procedures have relatively short surgical times, and little to no healing time. However...

Mar, Damon

2011-12-31

169

Stabilization of the sacroiliac joint.  

PubMed

Lower back pain and pain involving the area of the posterior iliac spine are extremely common. Degeneration of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is one potential cause for lower back pain and pain radiating into the groin or buttocks. Degenerative changes to the lumbar spine and sacroiliac joints are common. A recent study evaluating SIJ abnormalities in a primary low back pain population demonstrated 31.7% of patients demonstrated SI joint abnormalities. (4) As is the case for the evaluation and management of isolated lower back pain, the evaluation, management, and role for surgical intervention in SIJ pain is very controversial. Many patients have degenerative changes of the disc, facet joints, and SIJs. A recent systematic review performed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests available to clinicians to identify the disc, facet joint, or SIJ as the source of low back pain concluded that tests do exist that change the probability of the disc or SIJ (but not the facet joint) as the source of low back pain. (3) It was also concluded that the usefulness of these tests in clinical practice, particularly for guiding treatment selection, remains unclear. (3) Although there is general agreement that SIJ pathological changes are a potential cause of pain, there is far less agreement about the optimal management of these conditions. A variety of conditions can cause SIJ dysfunction including degenerative and inflammatory arthritis, trauma, prior lumbosacral fusion, hip arthritis, limb length inequality, infections, and neoplasia. (8) There is increasing evidence that image intensifier-guided single periarticular injection can correctly localize pain to the SIJ but the optimal management strategy remains controversial. Recent publications have compared surgical versus injection treatments and fusion versus denervation procedures. (1 , 8) A systematic review found improvement regardless of the treatment, with most studies reporting over 40% improvement in pain as measured by VAS or NRS scores. (8) It cautioned that one of the studies reported 17.6% of patients experiencing mild/no pain compared with 82.4% experiencing marked/severe pain at 39 months after SIJ fusion procedures. (6 , 8) This systematic review also noted that despite improvements in reported pain, less than half of patients who had work status reported as returning to work. (8) Because of the functional and socioeconomic consequences of chronic lower back pain, numerous surgical treatments to improve this condition have been attempted by spinal surgeons through the years. Arthrodesis of the SIJ is a surgical procedure with a long history dating to the beginnings of spinal surgery. (7) Poor results, high complication rates and the need for additional surgical procedures have generally diminished the enthusiasm for this procedure until recently. (6) A variety of "minimally invasive" procedures have been recently introduced that have rekindled enthusiasm for the surgical management of SIJ pathology. The technique demonstrated in the "Stabilization of the SIJ with SI-Bone" is one of these new techniques. There has been a recent publication detailing the very short term clinical outcomes with this technique that reported encouraging results. (5) In this series of 50 patients, quality of life questionnaires were available for 49 patients preoperatively, 41 patients at 3 months, 40 at 6 months and only 27 at 12 months, complicating the ability to accurately assess true outcomes. Although the focus of this video by Geisler is on the surgical technique, there should have been more information provided on the expected surgical outcomes and potential complications of SIJ fusion. (2) The video only gives minimal information on how to appropriately select patients with potential SIJ pathology for surgical intervention. There are insufficient recommendations on the clinical and radiographic follow-up needed for this procedure. A concern with this implant is whether the porous plasma spray coating on the implant actually results in bone growth across the SIJ

Shaffrey, Christopher I; Smith, Justin S

2013-07-01

170

Mojave National Preserve  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Park Service site contains sections on: desert ecology, with explanations of the desert types (rain shadow deserts, coastal deserts, and remote interior basins), and data on desert population growth; desert plants and animals; history of the preserve including Mojave Indian and Black homesteaders history; recreational information; education, with a list of rangers to call or email for curriculum programs; management issues, including a Final Environmental Impact Statement and General Management Plan; and maps of the preserve. There is also an online story book for kids about desert tortoises and links to information on the geology (as well as geological maps) of the preserve.

171

Low index faceting of Pt nanostructures on oxide surface with potential application for fuel cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anneal induced faceting of platinum (Pt) thin film is being studied by atomic force microscopy. We find that at 700 °C faceting occurs by first forming percolation clusters. The nanodots form low index facets with the substrate and with various geometric shapes parallel to the substrate. Time dependent coarsening kinetics shows Lifsitz-Slyozov\\/Wagner type diffusion therefore indicating Oswald ripening. Low index

Deeder Aurongzeb

2007-01-01

172

Faceted Taxonomy-based Information Management Yannis Tzitzikas1,2  

E-print Network

Faceted Taxonomy-based Information Management Yannis Tzitzikas1,2 and Anastasia Analyti2 1 of managing (faceted) taxonomy-based in- formation sources. Specifically, we discuss (i) the seman- tic description of faceted taxonomies, based on the Com- pound Term Composition Algebra (CTCA), (ii) the revision

Analyti, Anastasia

173

Coarsening of Faceted Crystals Gregory S. Rohrer,* C. Lane Rohrer, and William W. Mullins  

E-print Network

. Our assumption of a fully faceted form implies that for a crystal to change size while retaining itsCoarsening of Faceted Crystals Gregory S. Rohrer,* C. Lane Rohrer, and William W. Mullins-3890 The influence of the nucleation energy barrier on the capillary- driven coarsening of faceted crystals

Rohrer, Gregory S.

174

Using facet-based assessment to understand introductory programming students knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowing what students understand is crucial for making teaching decisions. Our goal was to explore the potential of using facet-based assessment in engineering education. We wanted to see what the process of developing, verifying, and implementing facet-based assessment would look like. For our investigation, we chose a concept covered early in introductory programming, variables. After identifying potential facets we designed

Lori Postner; Jennifer Turns

2002-01-01

175

Subtalar joint stress imaging with tomosynthesis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to perform stress imaging of hindfoot inversion and eversion using tomosynthesis and to assess the subtalar joint range of motion (ROM) of healthy subjects. The subjects were 15 healthy volunteers with a mean age of 29.1 years. Coronal tomosynthesis stress imaging of the subtalar joint was performed in a total of 30 left and right ankles. A Telos stress device was used for the stress load, and the load was 150 N for both inversion and eversion. Tomographic images in which the posterior talocalcaneal joint could be confirmed on the neutral position images were used in measurements. The angle of the intersection formed by a line through the lateral articular facet of the posterior talocalcaneal joint and a line through the surface of the trochlea of the talus was measured. The mean change in the angle of the calcaneus with respect to the talus was 10.3 ± 4.8° with inversion stress and 5.0 ± 3.8° with eversion stress from the neutral position. The result was a clearer depiction of the subtalar joint, and inversion and eversion ROM of the subtalar joint was shown to be about 15° in healthy subjects. Levels of Evidence: Diagnostic, Level IV. PMID:24686905

Teramoto, Atsushi; Watanabe, Kota; Takashima, Hiroyuki; Yamashita, Toshihiko

2014-06-01

176

Joint hypermobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint hypermobility is an area of neglect in rheumatology. That is not to say it is overlooked by rheumatologists. It is spotted when sought, but for many unfortunate patients, here the story ends. The act of recognition becomes the goal in itself rather than the medium through which effective therapy can be provided. This chapter serves to reinforce the clinical

Rodney Grahame

2003-01-01

177

How Many Facets are Needed to Represent the Surface Energy Balance of an Urban Area?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the question of how many facets are needed to represent the energy balance of an urban area by developing simplified 3-, 2- and 1-facet versions of a 4-facet energy balance model of two-dimensional streets and buildings. The 3-facet model simplifies the 4-facet model by averaging over the canyon orientation, which results in similar net shortwave and longwave balances for both wall facets, but maintains the asymmetry in the heat fluxes within the street canyon. For the 2-facet model, on the assumption that the wall and road temperatures are equal, the road and wall facets can be combined mathematically into a single street-canyon facet with effective values of the heat transfer coefficient, albedo, emissivity and thermodynamic properties, without further approximation. The 1-facet model requires the additional assumption that the roof temperature is also equal to the road and wall temperatures. Idealised simulations show that the geometry and material properties of the walls and road lead to a large heat capacity of the combined street canyon, whereas the roof behaves like a flat surface with low heat capacity. This means that the magnitude of the diurnal temperature variation of the street-canyon facets are broadly similar and much smaller than the diurnal temperature variation of the roof facets. Consequently, the approximation that the street-canyon facets have similar temperatures is sound, and the road and walls can be combined into a single facet. The roof behaves very differently and a separate roof facet is required. Consequently, the 2-facet model performs similarly to the 4-facet model, while the 1-facet model does not. The models are compared with previously published observations collected in Mexico City. Although the 3- and 2-facet models perform better than the 1-facet model, the present models are unable to represent the phase of the sensible heat flux. This result is consistent with previous model comparisons, and we argue that this feature of the data cannot be produced by a single column model. We conclude that a 2-facet model is necessary, and for numerical weather prediction sufficient, to model an urban surface, and that this conclusion is robust and therefore applicable to more general geometries.

Porson, Aurore; Harman, Ian N.; Bohnenstengel, Sylvia I.; Belcher, Stephen E.

2009-07-01

178

Preservation Map of Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an effort to stimulate international information exchange, cooperative projects, and research, the European Commission on Preservation and Access (ECPA) has created an online directory of European organizations working in the preservation field. This directory is based on a survey conducted over the past year. For each of the twenty-five countries currently listed there is a section on national policy as it relates to preservation in libraries and archives, followed by background information on individual organizations, projects, and training courses. Background information includes contacts, email or web access if available, and a brief description of activities. Users can search the preservation map database by organization name, project focus, training availability, or by keyword.

179

Recurrent gallstone ileus: beware of the faceted stone.  

PubMed

A 73-year-old man with gallstone disease was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. He was treated for cholecystitis with intravenous antibiotics. Two days later, he reported of new onset left iliac fossa pain, with tenderness and guarding. An abdominal X-ray demonstrated small bowel obstruction, a CT scan demonstrated an impacted gallstone within the proximal ileum. He was treated for a gallstone ileum and underwent an uncomplicated laparotomy, small bowel enterotomy and removal of a faceted gallstone. Three months later, the patient re-presented with generalised abdominal pain, guarding and rebound tenderness. Small bowel obstruction was again demonstrated with an impacted gallstone within the distal ileum seen on CT scan. A second laparotomy revealed two further faceted gallstones, which were removed through an enterotomy. The densely adherent gallbladder to the duodenum precluded a surgical repair of the cholecystoduodenal fistula. He made an uneventful recovery and was subsequently discharged home. PMID:25391822

Gandamihardja, Tasha A K; Kibria, Shah M G

2014-01-01

180

Numerical computations of facetted pattern formation in snow crystal growth  

E-print Network

Facetted growth of snow crystals leads to a rich diversity of forms, and exhibits a remarkable sixfold symmetry. Snow crystal structures result from diffusion limited crystal growth in the presence of anisotropic surface energy and anisotropic attachment kinetics. It is by now well understood that the morphological stability of ice crystals strongly depends on supersaturation, crystal size and temperature. Until very recently it was very difficult to perform numerical simulations of this highly anisotropic crystal growth. In particular, obtaining facet growth in combination with dendritic branching is a challenging task. We present numerical simulations of snow crystal growth in two and three space dimensions using a new computational method recently introduced by the authors. We present both qualitative and quantitative computations. In particular, a linear relationship between tip velocity and supersaturation is observed. The computations also suggest that surface energy effects, although small, have a larg...

Barrett, John W; Nürnberg, Robert

2012-01-01

181

Lumbar facet stress fracture in a ballet dancer.  

PubMed

A frequent cause of back pain in athletes and dancers is stress injury to the posterior vertebral elements. Stress fractures affect the pars interarticularis and, rarely, other vertebral regions. The authors present their experience with the diagnosis and treatment of a fourth lumbar inferior articular facet stress fracture in a ballerina in this brief report and discuss the literature concerning posterior element stress fractures. PMID:8303462

Fehlandt, A F; Micheli, L J

1993-12-01

182

Metadata For Digital Preservation: The Cedars Outline Specification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cedars Project, a Higher Education initiative funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee, based at Oxford, Cambridge, and the University of Leeds, has posted online its "outline specification for metadata to ensure long-term preservation for digital materials." The 33-page .pdf document details the Project's approach to preserving data as part of the Cedars Demonstrator Project and serves "to contribute on a strategic level to the international collaborative development of a standard specification for digital preservation metadata." This draft version has been made available for public commentary; the final version is due out this summer.

183

Joint Replacement (Finger and Wrist Joints)  

MedlinePLUS

... A-Z Hand Anatomy Find a Hand Surgeon Joint Replacement Email to a friend * required fields From * To * ... be possible to treat arthritic joints surgically, including “joint replacement” procedures. What does it mean to have a “ ...

184

Framework Application for Core Edge Transport Simulation (FACETS)  

SciTech Connect

The FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations) project of Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Program was aimed at providing a high-fidelity whole-tokamak modeling for the U.S. magnetic fusion energy program and ITER through coupling separate components for each of the core region, edge region, and wall, with realistic plasma particles and power sources and turbulent transport simulation. The project also aimed at developing advanced numerical algorithms, efficient implicit coupling methods, and software tools utilizing the leadership class computing facilities under Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR). The FACETS project was conducted by a multi-discipline, multi-institutional teams, the Lead PI was J.R. Cary (Tech-X Corp.). In the FACETS project, the Applied Plasma Theory Group at the MAE Department of UCSD developed the Wall and Plasma-Surface Interaction (WALLPSI) module, performed its validation against experimental data, and integrated it into the developed framework. WALLPSI is a one-dimensional, coarse grained, reaction/advection/diffusion code applied to each material boundary cell in the common modeling domain for a tokamak. It incorporates an advanced model for plasma particle transport and retention in the solid matter of plasma facing components, simulation of plasma heat power load handling, calculation of erosion/deposition, and simulation of synergistic effects in strong plasma-wall coupling.

Krasheninnikov, Sergei; Pigarov, Alexander

2011-10-15

185

Joint hypermobility.  

PubMed

Joint hypermobility is an area of neglect in rheumatology. That is not to say it is overlooked by rheumatologists. It is spotted when sought, but for many unfortunate patients, here the story ends. The act of recognition becomes the goal in itself rather than the medium through which effective therapy can be provided. This chapter serves to reinforce the clinical and epidemiological importance of a common disorder whose significance is under-appreciated and impact largely ignored. In contradistinction to our earlier chapter, published in 2000, which took for its remit the heritable disorders of connective tissue in general, the current one focuses on the commonly encountered (so-called benign) joint hypermobility syndrome, its recognition, epidemiology, clinical features and management according to the most recent literature. PMID:15123047

Hakim, Alan; Grahame, Rodney

2003-12-01

186

The synthesis of nitrogen/sulfur co-doped TiO2 nanocrystals with a high specific surface area and a high percentage of {001} facets and their enhanced visible-light photocatalytic performance  

PubMed Central

Nitrogen/sulfur co-doped anatase TiO2 nanocrystals with a high specific surface area and a high percentage of {001} facets were synthesized by a solvent-thermal process followed by the calcination with thiourea at an optimum heat treatment temperature. Under current experimental conditions, the optimum heat treatment temperature was found at 300°C, which successfully introduced nitrogen and sulfur dopants into the anatase lattice to replace a small portion of oxygen atoms while preserving the geometry of these anatase TiO2 nanocrystals to maintain a high percentage of {001} facets. These nitrogen/sulfur co-doped anatase TiO2 nanocrystals demonstrated a largely enhanced light absorption in the whole visible-light range and exhibited much higher photocatalytic performance than both P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and anatase TiO2 nanocrystals with a high percentage of {001} facets under visible-light illumination. PMID:23095371

2012-01-01

187

Simulated Whiplash Modulates Expression of the Glutamatergic System in the Spinal Cord Suggesting Spinal Plasticity Is Associated with Painful Dynamic Cervical Facet Loading  

PubMed Central

Abstract The cervical facet joint and its capsule have been reported to be injured during whiplash scenarios and are a common source of chronic neck pain from whiplash. Both the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) and the excitatory amino acid carrier 1 (EAAC1) have pivotal roles in chronic pain. In this study, spinal mGluR5 and EAAC1 were quantified following painful facet joint distraction in a rat model of facet-mediated painful loading and were evaluated for their correlation with the severity of capsule loading. Rats underwent either a dynamic C6/C7 joint distraction simulating loading experienced during whiplash (distraction; n?=?12) or no distraction (sham; n?=?6) to serve as control. The severity of capsular loading was quantified using strain metrics, and mechanical allodynia was assessed after surgery. Spinal cord tissue was harvested at day 7 and the expression of mGluR5 and EAAC1 were quantified using Western blot analysis. Mechanical allodynia following distraction was significantly (p?joint loading; chronic whiplash pain may be alleviated by blocking mGluR5 expression and/or enhancing glutamate transport through the neuronal transporter EAAC1. PMID:19772459

Dong, Ling

2010-01-01

188

Orthopaedic Surgery Center of Joint Preservation and Replacement  

E-print Network

-679-6645 860-679-6692 860-679-8384 New England Musculoskeletal Institute Avon Office Southington Office Medical-679-6692 860-679-8384 New England Musculoskeletal Institute Avon Office Southington Office Medical Arts. · In the same manner, you can use a coffee table or a footrest to help gain the ability to straighten your knee

Oliver, Douglas L.

189

Digital Preservation in the Context of Institutional Repositories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To discuss the issues and challenges of digital preservation facing institutional repositories and to illustrate the Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) view on institutional repositories and its key initiatives in helping UK institutions address these issues. Design/methodology/approach: A combination of published work and JISC…

Hockx-Yu, Helen

2006-01-01

190

National Preservation Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Preservation Institute (NPI) "offers continuing education and professional training for those involved in the management, preservation, and stewardship of cultural heritage." The NPI website is a treasure trove of material for people interested in such matters, along with information on scholarships, online resources, and the Institute's upcoming seminars. The Resources area includes a set of useful links to Internet resources and a very nice set of tools for cultural resource managers. These tools include technical documents designed to be used in the formal transfer of historic properties, along with key documents about the National Environmental Policy Act. In the Scholarships area, visitors can learn about scholarships offered by the NPI and the National Endowment for the Arts dealing with historic preservation. Additionally, visitors can sign up for the NPI mailing list and learn more about seminars on cultural and natural resources management.

2012-06-08

191

Preservation North Carolina  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preservation North Carolina was created in 1939, and works to promote and protect the buildings and landscape of the Tarheel State. The organization has five regional offices across the state and visitors can learn about their ambitious mission and work on this well-designed site. Here visitors can make their way through Events, In the News, and Features. This last area offers visitors insights into recent projects completed by the organization, along with instructive lessons for others involved in historic preservation, architecture, and urban design projects. The Get Answers area is a real gem, as it contains answers to questions like "How do I repair my old house?" "How can I protect my neighborhood?" and "Is preservation good for the environment?"

2013-01-01

192

PreserveNet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet allows many interested communities that may be spread across great distances to share information, and PreserveNet is just such a community. Since 1994, preservationists have had a fine resource to draw on at the PreserveNet website. The site has been redesigned several times since its creation, and currently visitors to the site can find out about funding sources for projects, employment opportunities, and upcoming conferences and related events. Along with these sections, visitors may also wish to take a look through the “Legal” section, which offers links to summaries of court cases related to historic preservation and also to the codes of federal regulation. Finally, the site also has a links area, which contains numerous links categorized by theme, such as cultural studies, sprawl, and maritime resources.

193

Muscle torque preservation and physical activity in individuals with stroke  

PubMed Central

Background A greater percent loss of concentric versus eccentric muscle torque (i.e., relative eccentric muscle torque preservation) has been reported in the paretic limb of individuals with stroke and has been attributed to hypertonia and/or co-contractions. Stroke provides a unique condition for examining mechanisms underlying eccentric muscle preservation because both limbs experience similar amounts of general physical activity, but the paretic side is impaired directly by the brain lesion. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine 1) whether eccentric preservation also exists in the nonparetic limb and 2) the relationship of eccentric or concentric torque preservation with physical activity in stroke. We hypothesized that the nonparetic muscles would demonstrate eccentric muscle preservation, which would suggest that non-neural mechanisms may also contribute to its relative preservation. Methods Eighteen stroke and 18 healthy control subjects (age and sex matched) completed a physical activity questionnaire. Maximum voluntary concentric and eccentric joint torques of the ankle, knee and hip flexors and extensors were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer at 30°/s for the paretic and nonparetic muscles. Relative concentric and eccentric peak torque preservation were expressed as a percentage of control subject torque. Results Relative eccentric torque was higher (more preserved) than relative concentric torque for paretic, as well as nonparetic muscles. Physical activity correlated with paretic (r=0.640, p=0.001) and nonparetic concentric torque preservation (r=0.508, p=0.009), but not with eccentric torque preservation for either leg. Conclusions The relative preservation of eccentric torque in the nonparetic muscles suggest a role of non-neural mechanisms and could also explain the preservation observed in other chronic health conditions. Loss of concentric, but not eccentric muscle torque was related to physical inactivity in stroke. PMID:19516167

Eng, Janice J.; Lomaglio, Melanie J.; MacIntyre, Donna L.

2011-01-01

194

Sub-Facet Heterogeneity of the Urban Surface Energy Budget  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Princeton Urban Canopy Model (PUCM) and observational data are combined to understand the influence of urban sub-facet heterogeneity, and the associated influence of material properties, on the urban surface energy budget. This heterogeneity is related to the different surfaces and materials (asphalt, concrete, grass, black roofs, green roofs, etc.) that are typically found within one urban facet (roof, wall, and ground). Of particular interest is the role of water storage and evaporation from urban surfaces in modulating the energy budget. The PUCM is evaluated at sites of various urban densities. Subsequently, one densely-built site is selected for in-depth analysis and the model is applied, with sub-facet resolution, to simulate the water and energy budgets. Our analyses show that while all built surfaces convert most of the incoming energy into sensible rather than latent heat, sensible heat fluxes from asphalt and non-reflective rooftops are twice as high as those from concrete surfaces and light colored roofs. Another important and commonly observed characteristic of urban areas- the shift in peak time of sensible heat compared to rural areas, is shown to be mainly linked to concrete's high heat storage capacity. Our results also indicate that while evaporation from built surfaces is discontinuous and intermittent, overall, these surfaces accounted for nearly 16% of latent heat fluxes (LE) at the study site during the study period. More importantly, this contribution is mainly concentrated during the 48 hours following a rain event and thus its accurate representation is critical to our understanding of the urban surface energy budget during wet periods.

Ramamurthy, P.; Bou-Zeid, E.; Smith, J. A.; Baeck, M. L.; Welty, C.

2013-12-01

195

Preserving digital local news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much local news -- important documentation of local history -- is being lost. The fact that a lot of news media is now available digitally, presents new opportunities but also new challenges for such preservation. We explore issues and approaches for collection and management of born digital local news. Purpose Design\\/methodology\\/approach\\/findings We examine several specific bottlenecks for implementing this project.

Robert B. Allen; Kirsten A. Johnson

2008-01-01

196

Paints and Preservatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication contains an outline for use by agriculture teachers in developing a teaching plan for a unit on paints and preservatives. The topics included are (1) recognizing, solving, and preventing paint problems and (2) operating and using power spray painting equipment. Items presented for each topic are: the situation, (intended to inform…

Powell, Larry E.; Miller, Larry E.

197

Singular orientations and faceted motion of dislocations in body-centered cubic crystals  

PubMed Central

Dislocation mobility is a fundamental material property that controls strength and ductility of crystals. An important measure of dislocation mobility is its Peierls stress, i.e., the minimal stress required to move a dislocation at zero temperature. Here we report that, in the body-centered cubic metal tantalum, the Peierls stress as a function of dislocation orientation exhibits fine structure with several singular orientations of high Peierls stress—stress spikes—surrounded by vicinal plateau regions. While the classical Peierls-Nabarro model captures the high Peierls stress of singular orientations, an extension that allows dislocations to bend is necessary to account for the plateau regions. Our results clarify the notion of dislocation kinks as meaningful only for orientations within the plateau regions vicinal to the Peierls stress spikes. These observations lead us to propose a Read-Shockley type classification of dislocation orientations into three distinct classes—special, vicinal, and general—with respect to their Peierls stress and motion mechanisms. We predict that dislocation loops expanding under stress at sufficiently low temperatures, should develop well defined facets corresponding to two special orientations of highest Peierls stress, the screw and the M111 orientations, both moving by kink mechanism. We propose that both the screw and the M111 dislocations are jointly responsible for the yield behavior of BCC metals at low temperatures. PMID:22949701

Kang, Keonwook; Bulatov, Vasily V.; Cai, Wei

2012-01-01

198

Singular orientations and faceted motion of dislocations in body-centered cubic crystals.  

PubMed

Dislocation mobility is a fundamental material property that controls strength and ductility of crystals. An important measure of dislocation mobility is its Peierls stress, i.e., the minimal stress required to move a dislocation at zero temperature. Here we report that, in the body-centered cubic metal tantalum, the Peierls stress as a function of dislocation orientation exhibits fine structure with several singular orientations of high Peierls stress-stress spikes-surrounded by vicinal plateau regions. While the classical Peierls-Nabarro model captures the high Peierls stress of singular orientations, an extension that allows dislocations to bend is necessary to account for the plateau regions. Our results clarify the notion of dislocation kinks as meaningful only for orientations within the plateau regions vicinal to the Peierls stress spikes. These observations lead us to propose a Read-Shockley type classification of dislocation orientations into three distinct classes-special, vicinal, and general-with respect to their Peierls stress and motion mechanisms. We predict that dislocation loops expanding under stress at sufficiently low temperatures, should develop well defined facets corresponding to two special orientations of highest Peierls stress, the screw and the M111 orientations, both moving by kink mechanism. We propose that both the screw and the M111 dislocations are jointly responsible for the yield behavior of BCC metals at low temperatures. PMID:22949701

Kang, Keonwook; Bulatov, Vasily V; Cai, Wei

2012-09-18

199

Personality disorders and the five-factor model: a test of facet-level predictions.  

PubMed

We tested predicted relationships (Widiger, 1993; Widiger, Trull, Clarkin, Sanderson, & Costa, 1994) between personality disorder scores and facets of the five-factor model, and evaluated the relative benefits of facet-level analyses over domain-level analyses. Data from 614 undergraduates indicated: (a) 63% of the predicted facet relationships were significant, although many unpredicted relationships also emerged; (b) facet-level analyses did not yield substantially stronger effect sizes than domain-level analyses; but (c) facet-level analyses provided much better discrimination between personality disorders than domain-level analyses. Facets of the openness to experience domain also helped discriminate between personality disorders, which is in contrast to previous domain-level findings that openness is not important. PMID:9573518

Dyce, J A; O'Connor, B P

1998-01-01

200

Joint Sealants for Horizontal Pavement Joints—Specifically Bridge Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various types of materials that have been used to seal bridge joints have been reviewed. Some of the bridge engineers joint material requirements have been listed together with the advantages and disadvantages of the three most widely used bridge joint sealants being specified and used today. It is felt that the cold applied two component asphalt-modified polyurethane sealants come

Thomas J. Green

1969-01-01

201

Autogenous tendon graft substitution for absent knee joint meniscus: A pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the potential of an autogenous tendon graft to substitute for an absent human knee joint meniscus. Based on the results of animal studies and human reports, it was hypothesized that autogenous tendon tissue would substitute for human knee joint meniscus: maintain mechanical integrity, convert to fibrocartilage, preserve the joint compartment, and

Lanny L. Johnson; John A. Feagin

2000-01-01

202

Multiscale facet model for infrared small target detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we proposed a new robust infrared small target detector that is more suitable for complex background with low signal-to-clutter ratio. The original image is decomposed into sub-bands in different orientations by using the directional second-order directional derivative (DSODD) filters deduced from the facet model. The multiscale facet model (MFM) analysis is developed by using a series of multiscale DSODD filters, which are obtained by filling zeros in the basic DSODD filter. Based on MFM, an MFM matrix is constructed, and the normalized determinant of this matrix is then defined as the target measure. The corresponding multiscale correlations of the target measures are computed to enhance the target signal and suppressing the background clutter. The experimental results on a set of real infrared images demonstrate that the proposed approach is effective and is superior to the traditional small target detection methods in terms of the pertained quantitative detection evaluation indexes, such as the signal-to-clutter ratio gain and the background suppression factor.

Yang, Changcai; Ma, Jiayi; Zhang, Meifang; Zheng, Sheng; Tian, Xin

2014-11-01

203

Intensity Effects of the FACET Beam in the SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect

The beam for FACET (Facility for Advanced aCcelerator Experimental Tests) at SLAC requires an energy-time correlation ('chirp') along the linac, so it can be compressed in two chicanes, one at the midpoint in sector 10 and one W-shaped chicane just before the FACET experimental area. The induced correlation has the opposite sign to the typical used for BNS damping, and therefore any orbit variations away from the center kick the tail of the beam more than the head, causing a shear in the beam and emittance growth. Any dispersion created along the linac has similar effects due to the high (>1.2% rms) energy spread necessary for compression. The initial huge emittances could be reduced by a factor of 10, but were still bigger than expected by a factor of 2-3. Normalized emittance of 3 {micro}m-rad in Sector 2 blew up to 150 {micro}m-rad in Sector 11 but could be reduced to about 6-12 {micro}m-rad, for the vertical plane although the results were not very stable. Investigating possible root causes for this, we found locations where up to 10 mm dispersion was created along the linac, which were finally verified with strong steering and up to 7 mm settling of the linac accelerator at these locations.

Decker, F.-J.; Lipkowitz, N.; Sheppard, J.; White, G.R.; Wienands, U.; Woodley, M.; Yocky, G.; /SLAC

2012-07-03

204

Comparing Linkage Designs Based on Land Facets to Linkage Designs Based on Focal Species  

PubMed Central

Least-cost modeling for focal species is the most widely used method for designing conservation corridors and linkages. However, these designs depend on today's land covers, which will be altered by climate change. We recently proposed an alternative approach based on land facets (recurring landscape units of relatively uniform topography and soils). The rationale is that corridors with high continuity of individual land facets will facilitate movement of species associated with each facet today and in the future. Conservation practitioners might like to know whether a linkage design based on land facets is likely to provide continuity of modeled breeding habitat for species needing connectivity today, and whether a linkage for focal species provides continuity and interspersion of land facets. To address these questions, we compared linkages designed for focal species and land facets in three landscapes in Arizona, USA. We used two variables to measure linkage utility, namely distances between patches of modeled breeding habitat for 5–16 focal species in each linkage, and resistance profiles for focal species and land facets between patches connected by the linkage. Compared to focal species designs, linkage designs based on land facets provided as much or more modeled habitat connectivity for 25 of 28 species-landscape combinations, failing only for the three species with the most narrowly distributed habitat. Compared to land facets designs, focal species linkages provided lower connectivity for about half the land facets in two landscapes. In areas where a focal species approach to linkage design is not possible, our results suggest that conservation practitioners may be able to implement a land facets approach with some confidence that the linkage design would serve most potential focal species. In areas where focal species designs are possible, we recommend using the land facet approach to complement, rather than replace, focal species approaches. PMID:23152831

Brost, Brian M.; Beier, Paul

2012-01-01

205

The hamate facet of the lunate: a radiographic study in an Arab population from Bahrain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the presence of a facet for the hamate two types of lunate bone have been described in the wrist; type I is without\\u000a a facet for the hamate while type II bears a facet on the medial surface for articulation with the proximal pole of the hamate.\\u000a Compared to type I lunates, type II lunates have been shown

A. S. Dharap; H. Al-Hashimi; S. Kassab; M. F. Abu-Hijleh

2006-01-01

206

Validation of crystallographic correlation for faceted morphology in laser surface engineered alumina ceramic  

SciTech Connect

Surface modification of alumina ceramic using a high energy density continuous wave laser beam is associated with the formation of highly faceted pyramidal surface grains. Recently, we developed a phenomenological model explaining the faceted morphology by a fiber texture with a strong (1-210) component. Based on high resolution electron back-scattered diffraction, the present work proposes a more precise model showing that faceting of surface grains is closely linked with the evolution of a strong (2-310) fiber texture.

Harimkar, Sandip P [ORNL; Daniel, Claus [ORNL; Holzapfel, Christian [Saarland University, Saarbrucken, Germany; Leibenguth, Peter [Saarland University, Saarbrucken, Germany; M?cklich, Frank [Saarland University, Saarbrucken, Germany; Dahotre, Narendra B [ORNL

2007-01-01

207

GaN-based LEDs with Al-deposited V-shaped sapphire facet mirror  

Microsoft Academic Search

A GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with V-shaped sapphire facet reflector was fabricated using the double transferred scheme and sapphire chemical wet etching. The {1-102} R-plane V-shaped facet reflector with a 57° against {0001} C-axis has the superior capability for enhancing the light extraction efficiency. The light output power of the V-shaped sapphire facet reflector LED was 1.4 times higher than

Y. J. Lee; J. M. Hwang; T. C. Hsu; M. H. Hsieh; M. J. Jou; B. J. Lee; T. C. Lu; H. C. Kuo; S. C. Wang

2006-01-01

208

Digital Preservation Tools Showcase  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program works with the Library of Congress to craft high-quality solutions to the problems facing a wide array of digital management initiatives across different sectors. Part of their work includes compiling a list of helpful tools for persons within the digital preservation community. On this site, visitors can examine over 40 tools and services that have been identified as of late. Sortable categories include Tool Type, Usage, and Content Domain. Within each of these, visitors will find a brief description, information about the intended user audience, and the basic function of each resource. Some of the items here include Recollection, the Simile Exhibit, and Voyeur, which is a web-based text analysis environment that can use texts in a variety of formats.

209

The Signal: Digital Preservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Librarians, information technology specialists, and others will find much to enjoy on this excellent collaborative blog created by the Library of Congress. Called "The Signal," it covers "exciting new developments that have an impact on digital preservation and access." There are 12 experts who contribute posts to the blog on a regular basis and there are well over 400 posts to browse through here. First-time visitors can look through the Categories area, which collects posts into themes such as Digital Content, Outreach and Events, and Tools and Infrastructure. Recent posts include "Hardware Matters," "What Do Researchers Want From Institutions that Preserve Digital Content?" and "Reality Check: What Most People Actually Do with Their Personal Digital Archives." Users are also encouraged to add their own comments and thoughts on each post or suggest materials for possible coverage by the site. [KMG

2013-06-05

210

National Film Preservation Board  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What do The Big Sleep, The Great Dictator, Harold and Maude, Knute Rockne, All American, and Wings have in common? They, along with 20 other films, have been selected to the National Film Registry of the National Film Preservation Board. The NFPB is a "public advisory group to the Librarian of Congress...that...works to ensure the survival, conservation and increased public availability of America's film heritage, including: advising the Librarian on the annual selection of films to the National Film Registry." In addition to the 1997 list, users can find a comprehensive list of titles added to the registry between 1989-1997, a list of NFPB members, and links from the 1989-96 National Film Registry to their credits as they appear in the Internet Movie Database. The NFPB also recently released a report and three public testimonies on the state of television and video preservation.

211

Tree preserving embedding  

PubMed Central

The goal of dimensionality reduction is to embed high-dimensional data in a low-dimensional space while preserving structure in the data relevant to exploratory data analysis such as clusters. However, existing dimensionality reduction methods often either fail to separate clusters due to the crowding problem or can only separate clusters at a single resolution. We develop a new approach to dimensionality reduction: tree preserving embedding. Our approach uses the topological notion of connectedness to separate clusters at all resolutions. We provide a formal guarantee of cluster separation for our approach that holds for finite samples. Our approach requires no parameters and can handle general types of data, making it easy to use in practice and suggesting new strategies for robust data visualization. PMID:21949369

Shieh, Albert D.; Hashimoto, Tatsunori B.; Airoldi, Edoardo M.

2011-01-01

212

Nanoscale anatase TiO2 with dominant {1 1 1} facets shows high photocatalytic activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we report a novel synthesis of nanoscale anatase TiO2 with dominant highly active {1 1 1} facets by a simple one-step hydrothermal route with the assistance of NH4F and HF. In this progress, the exposed crystal facets of TiO2 can been directly tuned by controlling the mole ratio of NH4+ and F-. When the mole ratio of NH4+ and F-reach 1:2, nanoscale anatase TiO2 with dominant {1 1 1} facets can be obtained. Nanoscale anatase TiO2 with exposed {1 0 1} or {0 0 1} facets will be prepared when there is only ammonia or HF added respectively. Such nano-TiO2 with exposed highly active {1 1 1} facets has large specific surface area and shows excellent photocatalytic activity: as much as 2-3 times than that of TiO2 nanosheets with exposed {0 0 1} facets and commercial Degussa P25 which confirms the {1 1 1} facets have higher photocatalytic activity than {0 0 1} and {1 0 1} facets. The higher photocatalytic activity of {1 1 1} facets can be ascribed to the fact that all Ti and O atoms on the surface are unsaturated Ti5c, Ti3c and O2c modes which produces a higher adsorption and degradation ability. The present work demonstrates a explore of hydrothermal synthetic method for controlling preparation of nano-materials.

Zhang, Jun; Qian, Lisha; Yang, Lingxia; Tao, Xi; Su, Kunpeng; Wang, Hongbo; Xi, Junhua; Ji, Zhenguo

2014-08-01

213

FACET: an object-oriented software framework for modeling complex social behavior patterns  

SciTech Connect

The Framework for Addressing Cooperative Extended Transactions (FACET) is a flexible, object-oriented architecture for implementing models of dynamic behavior of multiple individuals, or agents, in a simulation. These agents can be human (individuals or organizations) or animal and may exhibit any type of organized social behavior that can be logically articulated. FACET was developed by Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL) Decision and Information Sciences Division (DIS) out of the need to integrate societal processes into natural system simulations. The FACET architecture includes generic software components that provide the agents with various mechanisms for interaction, such as step sequencing and logic, resource management, conflict resolution, and preemptive event handling. FACET components provide a rich environment within which patterns of behavior can be captured in a highly expressive manner. Interactions among agents in FACET are represented by Course of Action (COA) object-based models. Each COA contains a directed graph of individual actions, which represents any known pattern of social behavior. The agents' behavior in a FACET COA, in turn, influences the natural landscape objects in a simulation (i.e., vegetation, soil, and habitat) by updating their states. The modular design of the FACET architecture provides the flexibility to create multiple and varied simulation scenarios by changing social behavior patterns, without disrupting the natural process models. This paper describes the FACET architecture and presents several examples of FACET models that have been developed to assess the effects of anthropogenic influences on the dynamics of the natural environment.

Dolph, J. E.; Christiansen, J. H.; Sydelko, P. J.

2000-06-30

214

Steganography Preserving Statistical Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steganographic modifications must not noticeably change characteristics of the cover data known to an attacker. However, it\\u000a is a difficult task to define an appropriate set of features that should be preserved. This article investigates possibilities\\u000a to maintain statistical properties while embedding information. As an example, the simple embedding function “overwriting\\u000a the least significant bits” is discussed, w.r.t. greyscale images

Elke Franz

2002-01-01

215

Enterocins in food preservation.  

PubMed

The Enterococcus genus, a member of the Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) is found in various environments, but more particularly in the intestines of humans and other animals. Although sometimes associated with pathogenicity these bacteria have many benefits. They have been found in traditional artisanal fermented products, are used as probiotic cultures and nowadays extensively studied for the production of bacteriocins--the enterocins. Many of these enterocins have been found to be active against Listeria monocytogenes, and a few have also been reported to be active even against Gram negative bacteria, an unusual property for the bacteriocins produced by LAB. These properties have resulted in many studies describing the use of enterocins as preservatives in foods of animal and vegetable origin. This review covers the most recent information on the use of enterocins as food preservatives, either produced in-situ by the addition of enterocin producing strains or as external preservatives in the form of purified or semi-purified extracts, to prevent the growth of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. PMID:20399522

Khan, Haider; Flint, Steve; Yu, Pak-Lam

2010-06-30

216

Aerodynamics Investigation of Faceted Airfoils at Low Reynolds Number  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The desire and demand to fly farther and faster has progressively integrated the concept of optimization with airfoil design, resulting in increasingly complex numerical tools pursuing efficiency often at diminishing returns; while the costs and difficulty associated with fabrication increases with design complexity. Such efficiencies may often be necessary due to the power density limitations of certain aircraft such as small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and micro air vehicles (MAVs). This research, however, focuses on reducing the complexity of airfoils for applications where aerodynamic performance is less important than the efficiency of manufacturing; in this case a Hybrid Projectile. By employing faceted sections to approximate traditional contoured wing sections it may be possible to expedite manufacturing and reduce costs. We applied this method to the development of a low Reynolds number, disposable Hybrid Projectile requiring a 4.5:1 glide ratio, resulting in a series of airfoils which are geometric approximations to highly contoured cross-sections called ShopFoils. This series of airfoils both numerically and experimentally perform within a 10% margin of the SD6060 airfoil at low Re. Additionally, flow visualization has been conducted to qualitatively determine what mechanisms, if any, are responsible for the similarity in performance between the faceted ShopFoil sections and the SD6060. The data obtained by these experiments did not conclusively reveal how the faceted surfaces may influence low Re flow but did indicate that the ShopFoil s did not maintain flow attachment at higher angles of attack than the SD6060. Two reasons are provided for the unexpected performance of the ShopFoil: one is related to downwash effects, which are suspected of placing the outer portion of the span at an effective angle of attack where the ShopFoils outperform the SD6060; the other is the influence of the tip vortex on separation near the wing tips, which possibly provides a 'comparative advantage' to the ShopFoil because it has more to gain from a reduction in its pressure drag component.

Napolillo, Zachary G.

217

On the convergence between PSY-5 domains and PID-5 domains and facets: implications for assessment of DSM-5 personality traits.  

PubMed

The DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorders workgroup and their consultants have developed the 220-item, self-report Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) for direct assessment of the proposed personality trait system for DSM-5; however, most practicing clinical psychologists will likely continue to rely on separate omnibus measures to index symptoms and traits associated with psychopathology. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is one such measure and assesses the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) domains, which are conceptual cognates of the DSM-5 trait domains. The current study examined the associations between the MMPI-2-RF PSY-5 scales and the DSM-5 trait domains and facets indexed by the PID-5. A clear pattern of convergence was found indicating that each of the PSY-5 scales was most highly correlated with its conceptually expected PID-5 counterpart (rs = .44-.67; Mdn r = .53) and facet correlations generally showed the same pattern. Similarly, when each of the PSY-5 scales was regressed onto the PID-5 domains, the conceptually expected pattern of associations emerged even more clearly. Finally, a joint exploratory factor analysis with the PSY-5 and PID-5 trait facet scales indicated a five-factor solution that clearly resembled both of the PSY-5/DSM-5 trait domains. These results show clear evidence that the MMPI-2-RF has utility in the assessment of dimensional personality traits proposed for the upcoming DSM-5. PMID:23297369

Anderson, Jaime L; Sellbom, Martin; Bagby, R Michael; Quilty, Lena C; Veltri, Carlo O C; Markon, Kristian E; Krueger, Robert F

2013-06-01

218

Spacesuit mobility joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Joints for use in interconnecting adjacent segments of an hermetically sealed spacesuit which have low torques, low leakage and a high degree of reliability are described. Each of the joints is a special purpose joint characterized by substantially constant volume and low torque characteristics. Linkages which restrain the joint from longitudinal distension and a flexible, substantially impermeable diaphragm of tubular configuration spanning the distance between pivotally supported annuli are featured. The diaphragms of selected joints include rolling convolutions for balancing the joints, while various joints include wedge-shaped sections which enhance the range of motion for the joints.

Vykukal, H. C. (inventor)

1978-01-01

219

Spacesuit mobility knee joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pressure suit mobility joints are for use in interconnecting adjacent segments of an hermetically sealed spacesuit in which low torques, low leakage and a high degree of reliability are required. Each of the joints is a special purpose joint characterized by substantially constant volume and low torque characteristics and includes linkages which restrain the joint from longitudinal distension and includes a flexible, substantially impermeable diaphragm of tubular configuration spanning the distance between pivotally supported annuli. The diaphragms of selected joints include rolling convolutions for balancing the joints, while various joints include wedge-shaped sections which enhance the range of motion for the joints.

Vykukal, H. C. (inventor)

1979-01-01

220

Spatiotemporal growth of faceted and curved single crystals  

PubMed

The spatiotemporal growth of single crystals in a crystalline polymer has been investigated theoretically based on a nonconserved time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation (known as TDGL model A). In the description of the total free energy, a double-well local free energy density signifying metastability of crystal ordering is combined with a nonlocal free energy term representing an interface gradient. The resulting nonlinear reaction diffusion equation after renormalization possesses a solitary wave property. Two-dimensional numerical calculations were performed to elucidate the faceted single crystal growth including square, rectangular, diamond-shaped, and curved single crystals. A three-dimensional simulation was also undertaken for the emergence of diamond-shaped single crystals in polyethylene. Of particular importance is that the model field parameters can be linked directly to the material parameters of polyethylene single crystals. Simulation with various elements of the interface gradient coefficient tensor captures various topologies of polymer single crystals. PMID:11088211

Kyu; Mehta; Chiu

2000-04-01

221

Giant photoluminescence emission in crystalline faceted Si grains  

PubMed Central

Empowering an indirect band-gap material like Si with optical functionalities, firstly light emission, represents a huge advancement constantly pursued in the realization of any integrated photonic device. We report the demonstration of giant photoluminescence (PL) emission by a newly synthesized material consisting of crystalline faceted Si grains (fg-Si), a hundred nanometer in size, assembled in a porous and columnar configuration, without any post processing. A laser beam with wavelength 632.8?nm locally produce such a high temperature, determined on layers of a given thickness by Raman spectra, to induce giant PL radiation emission. The optical gain reaches the highest value ever, 0.14?cm/W, representing an increase of 3 orders of magnitude with respect to comparable data recently obtained in nanocrystals. Giant emission has been obtained from fg-Si deposited either on glass or on flexible, low cost, polymeric substrate opening the possibility to fabricate new devices. PMID:24056300

Faraci, Giuseppe; Pennisi, Agata R.; Alberti, Alessandra; Ruggeri, Rosa; Mannino, Giovanni

2013-01-01

222

Etched facet and semiconductor\\/air DBR facet of a AlGaInP laser diode prepared by focused ion beam milling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of focused ion beam (FIB) milling for making etched facet and semiconductor\\/air distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) facets of AlGaInP-based red laser diodes (LD) is presented in this letter. For the Ga ion beam current of 100 pA at fixed accelerated voltage 30 kV, FIB milling rate of GaAs was found to be 0.46 ?m3\\/nC. As a trade-off between

Qian Ren; Bei Zhang; Jun Xu; ZhenSheng Zhang; YanBo Jin; Yi Qian; DaPeng Yu

2004-01-01

223

Fertility Preservation in Girls  

PubMed Central

Children that undergo treatment for cancer are at risk of suffering from subfertility or hormonal dysfunction due to the detrimental effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapeutic agents on the gonads. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue prior to treatment offers the possibility of restoring gonadal function after resumption of therapy. Effective counseling and management of pediatric patients is crucial for preserving their future reproductive potential. The purpose of this article is to review recent literature and to revise recommendations we made in a 2007 article. Pediatric hemato-oncology, reproductive endocrinology, surgery, anesthesia and bioethics perspectives are discussed and integrated to propose guidelines for offering ovarian cryopreservation to premenarcheal girls with cancer. PMID:22496695

Michaeli, Jennia; Weintraub, Michael; Gross, Eitan; Ginosar, Yehuda; Ravitsky, Vardit; Eizenman, Einat; Mitrani, Eduardo; Lebovich, Meital; Laufer, Neri; Kennedy, Stephen; Revel, Ariel

2012-01-01

224

A Strategic Policy Framework for Creating and Preserving Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Neil Beagrie and Daniel Greenstein of the Arts and Humanities Data Service, a program funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), UK, have authored this report. The study presents thirteen recommendations in the areas of long-term digital preservation, standards, the policy framework, and future research. Six case studies highlight some of the real-life considerations concerning digital preservation. At a time when content providers and libraries are racing headlong toward digitization of information resources, this study provides critical guidance. The report was updated in July 2001 by Christopher Pressler.

Beagrie, Neil.; Greenstein, Daniel I.; Pressler, Christopher.

2001-01-01

225

The associations between two facets of narcissism and eating disorder symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study sought to examine the relationships between two facets of narcissism (vulnerable and grandiose) and eating disorder symptoms. Based upon previous research (Davis, Claridge, & Cerullo, 1997), it was predicted that the vulnerable narcissism facet would be more strongly associated with eating disorder symptoms because of the tendency for vulnerable narcissists to base their self-worth on their appearance

Kathryn H. Gordon; Joseph J. Dombeck

2010-01-01

226

Physically Derived Rules for Simulating Faceted Crystal Growth using Cellular Automata  

E-print Network

Physically Derived Rules for Simulating Faceted Crystal Growth using Cellular Automata Kenneth G derive a set of algorithms for simulating the diffusion-limited growth of faceted crystals using local to examine a novel morphological transition in the growth of thin plate-like crystals. 1. Introduction

Libbrecht, Kenneth G.

227

Faceted Taxonomy-based Information Management Yannis Tzitzikas1,2  

E-print Network

Faceted Taxonomy-based Information Management Yannis Tzitzikas1,2 and Anastasia Analyti2 1) taxonomy-based information sources. Specifically, we discuss (i) the semantic descrip- tion of faceted taxonomies, based on the Compound Term Composition Algebra (CTCA), (ii) the revision of CTCA ex- pressions

Tzitzikas, Yannis

228

An Efficient Slope-Deterministic Facet Model for SAR Imagery Simulation of Marine Scene  

Microsoft Academic Search

An efficient slope-deterministic facet model for the computation of the radar scattering cross section from electrically large sea surface is presented. As a facet-based theory, it is a more comprehensive model which can adequately reflect the specular and diffuse configurations, as well as the mono- and bistatic features. Significant computational efficiency and good agreement with experimental data are observed, which

Hui Chen; Min Zhang; Yan-Wei Zhao; Wei Luo

2010-01-01

229

Novel photocatalytic antibacterial activity of TiO2 microspheres exposing 100% reactive {111} facets.  

PubMed

TiO(2) microspheres constructed by well-crystallized faceted nanorods with high aspect ratios expose 100% photocatalytic reactive {111} facets on the spherical surface. The microspheres demonstrated excellent photocatalytic antibacterial activity towards Staphylococcus aureus due to effective suppression of photoinduced electron-hole pair recombination and active TiO(2)@?OH core-shell structure. PMID:22051605

Sun, Liang; Qin, Ying; Cao, Qingqing; Hu, Bingqing; Huang, Zhiwei; Ye, Ling; Tang, Xingfu

2011-12-21

230

Changes in Orientation of Attritional Wear Facets With Implications for Jaw Motion in a Mixed Longitudinal  

E-print Network

Changes in Orientation of Attritional Wear Facets With Implications for Jaw Motion in a Mixed Longitudinal Sample of Propithecus edwardsi From Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar Stephanie Blatch,1 * Doug-related changes in the shape of occluding teeth. Finally, the rate of decrease in wear facet verticality with age

Boyer, Doug M.

231

Optical characterization of the facets of a heliostat J. A. Avellaner  

E-print Network

169 Optical characterization of the facets of a heliostat J. A. Avellaner INITEC, Energia, Madrid the heliostat reflector panels (facets) of a central tower type solar power station from an optical point (1980) 169-173 FÃ?VRIER 1980, PAGE Classification Physics Abstracts 42.85 1. Introduction. - A solar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

232

A LEVEL-SET METHOD FOR THE EVOLUTION OF FACETED GIOVANNI RUSSO AND PETER SMEREKA  

E-print Network

. For faceted crystals the curvature effects can be modeled by using crystalline curvature; for more details see is given to a good approximation by diamonds grown by chemical vapor deposition. The (111) and (100) planes, Jackson, and Elbaum devised a Lagrangian numerical method to evolve a faceted seed which gives the correct

Smereka, Peter

233

On the Facets of Mixed Integer Programs with Two Integer Variables and Two Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we consider an infinite relaxation of the mixed integer linear program with two integer variables and two constraints, and we give a complete characterization of its facets. We then derive an analogous characterization of the facets of the underlying finite integer program.

Gérard Cornuéjols; François Margot

2008-01-01

234

Testing of the SAIC facets on the stretched-membrane dish  

SciTech Connect

A dish structure sized for a 25 kW electric dish/generator system has been installed at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF). The dish is used as an optical test bed for prototype stretched-membrane facets. Sandia procured twelve (12) stretched-membrane facets from Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) for installation on the dish structure. Individual facet optical performance was measured using the 2f test method under development at Sandia. Four facets were tested on-sun using the test truss at the NSTTF prior to installation on the dish structure. During the final stages of the structure assembly, the facets were installed for testing. A distant light source alignment technique was used to align the facets to a 9 meter focal length. The alignment and focus were optimized with on-sun measurements of individual facet characteristics. On-sun flux maps of the image were made using the Beam Characterization System. Calorimetry tests were performed using a cold water calorimeter. This data was used to create a power intercept curve and predict the power inside apertures of different sizes. The focal plane was moved to 9.95 meters and the alignment, optimization, and on-sun tests repeated. This paper presents the results of the testing on the individual facets as well as the results of testing the dish system. The effects of the change in focal length on the optical performance of the dish are shown in the results.

Grossman, J.W.; Erdman, W.W.; Houser, R.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Davenport, R. [Science Applications International Corp., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-04-01

235

Facets of Career Satisfaction for Women Physicians in the United States: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Women make up a growing proportion of the physician workforce, and their career satisfaction may affect their health.Methods: We hypothesized many facets adversely affecting career satisfaction in women physicians were extrinsic, therefore, preventable or modifiable. We conducted a systematic review of the literature in English published through February 2010 to examine facets of career satisfaction of US women physicians.

Rabab Rizvi; Lindsay Raymer; Mark Kunik; Joslyn Fisher

2012-01-01

236

The discovery of columnar jointing on Mars  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We report on the discovery of columnar jointing in Marte Valles, Mars. These columnar lavas were discovered in the wall of a pristine, 16-km-diameter impact crater and exhibit the features of terrestrial columnar basalts. There are discontinuous outcrops along the entire crater wall, suggesting that the columnar rocks covered a surface area of at least 200 km2, assuming that the rocks obliterated by the impact event were similarly jointed. We also see columns in the walls of other fresh craters in the nearby volcanic plains of Elysium Planitia–Amazonis Planitia, which include Marte Vallis, and in a well-preserved crater in northeast Hellas.

Milazzo, M.P.; Keszthelyi, L.P.; Jaeger, W.L.; Rosiek, M.; Mattson, S.; Verba, C.; Beyer, R.A.; Geissler, P.E.; McEwen, A.S.

2009-01-01

237

Preserving Perishables (Dormavac)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new commercial product that can preserve perishable commodities for weeks without freezing, so that they can be shipped fresh without the cost of air freight, has been developed by Grumman Corporation, Bethpage, Long Island, New York. The development benefited from the company's experience in developing the environmental control system for the Lunar Module, which delivered Apollo astronauts to the surface of the moon. Called Dormavac, the system provides a commodity-preserving environment within an aluminum container that can be transported by truck, rail or ship. Dormavac creates a cold-but above freezing-environment with high relative humidity and very low air pressure. The saturated air minimizes commodity weight loss and the air is automatically changed several times an hour to flush away odors and harmful gases released by the commodities. According to company literature, Dormavac significantly extends the transportation life of perishables. For example, pork has a normal cold storage life of about seven days, beef two weeks and tomatoes three weeks; with Dormavac, pork remains fresh for three weeks, beef more than six weeks and tomatoes seven weeks or more. Dormavac is manufactured and marketed by Grumman Allied Industries, Woodbury, New York. In developing the system, Grumman Allied drew upon the technological resources of another company subsidiary, Grumman Aerospace. Engineers who had earlier worked on Lunar Module environmental control brought their know-how and experience to the Dormavac development.

1979-01-01

238

Polarization of transmission scattering simulated by using a multiple-facets model.  

PubMed

A Mueller matrix for scattering by a rough plane surface of a glass hemisphere was simulated by using a micro-facet model. The algorithms are formulated in vector representation in terms of the input and output directions. The single-facet scattering simulation used the results of the Kirchhoff integral for medium rough surfaces with exponential height distribution. Scatterings by two or more facets were also simulated. For a fixed angle between the incident and the detection directions, the transmission scattering and its polarization properties were symmetric when plotted against the off-specular incident angle. The single-facet model generated no depolarization or polarization change. When double-facet scattering was included, polarizations were changed appreciably while depolarization was still very small. Depolarization increased appreciably when scattering by higher orders was included. The simulated results that include all orders of scattering fit excellently to the measured scattering transmittance and its polarization and depolarization. PMID:15384429

Nee, Soe-Mie F; Nee, Tsu-Wei

2004-09-01

239

Measured and predicted root-mean-square errors in square and triangular antenna mesh facets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Deflection shapes of square and equilateral triangular facets of two tricot-knit, gold plated molybdenum wire mesh antenna materials were measured and compared, on the basis of root mean square (rms) differences, with deflection shapes predicted by linear membrane theory, for several cases of biaxial mesh tension. The two mesh materials contained approximately 10 and 16 holes per linear inch, measured diagonally with respect to the course and wale directions. The deflection measurement system employed a non-contact eddy current proximity probe and an electromagnetic distance sensing probe in conjunction with a precision optical level. Despite experimental uncertainties, rms differences between measured and predicted deflection shapes suggest the following conclusions: that replacing flat antenna facets with facets conforming to parabolically curved structural members yields smaller rms surface error; that potential accuracy gains are greater for equilateral triangular facets than for square facets; and that linear membrane theory can be a useful tool in the design of tricot knit wire mesh antennas.

Fichter, W. B.

1989-01-01

240

ABSTRACT: The Prince William Sound (PWS) risk assessment was a joint project of Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Rensselaer Polytechnic  

E-print Network

risk assessment. The sys- tem simulation methodology is based on the premises that risk is a dynamic management. The use of dynamic simulation, a unique facet of the PWS risk assessment, made it possibleABSTRACT: The Prince William Sound (PWS) risk assessment was a joint project of Det Norske Veritas

van Dorp, Johan René

241

Proprioception and joint stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper the current clinical knowledge about proprioception is given for the shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow and the radiocarpal joint. Proprioceptive capabilities are decreased after joint injuries such as ACL or meniscus tears, shoulder dislocation, ankle sprain and in joints with degenerative joint disease. Some surgical procedures seem to restore the proprioceptive abilities; others do not. Elastic knee

J. Jerosch; M. Prymka

1996-01-01

242

50 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Map of the Monument Outer Boundary and Ecological Reserves, Special Preservation Areas, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Preservation Areas, and Midway Atoll Special Management Area A Appendix A to Part 404 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS...ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE REGULATIONS SUBCHAPTER A NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS MARINE NATIONAL...

2011-10-01

243

50 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Map of the Monument Outer Boundary and Ecological Reserves, Special Preservation Areas, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Preservation Areas, and Midway Atoll Special Management Area A Appendix A to Part 404 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS...ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE REGULATIONS SUBCHAPTER A NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS MARINE NATIONAL...

2013-10-01

244

50 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Map of the Monument Outer Boundary and Ecological Reserves, Special Preservation Areas, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Preservation Areas, and Midway Atoll Special Management Area A Appendix A to Part 404 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS...ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE REGULATIONS SUBCHAPTER A NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS MARINE NATIONAL...

2012-10-01

245

50 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Map of the Monument Outer Boundary and Ecological Reserves, Special Preservation Areas, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Preservation Areas, and Midway Atoll Special Management Area A Appendix A to Part 404 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS...ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE REGULATIONS SUBCHAPTER A NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS MARINE NATIONAL...

2010-10-01

246

Copyright 2000 by the Genetics Society of America Deletion of an Insulator Element by the Mutation facet-strawberry  

E-print Network

by the Mutation facet-strawberry in Drosophila melanogaster Julio Vazquez* and Paul Schedl *Department mutation, facet-strawberry (faswb ), suggest that this small deletion disrupts such a boundary element

Schedl, Paul

247

Photocatalytic and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Performances of {010}-Faceted and [111]-Faceted Anatase TiO2 Nanocrystals Synthesized from Tetratitanate Nanoribbons.  

PubMed

The morphology and exposed facet of the anatase-type TiO2 are very important to improve the photocatalytic activity and photovoltaic performance in dye-sensitized solar cells. In this work, we report the synthesis and the photocatalytic and dye-sensitized solar cell performances of anatase-type TiO2 single nanocrystals with exposed {010}- and [111]-facets and with various morphologies by using exfoliated tetratitanate nanoribbons as precursors. The precursor nanoribbons were prepared from the exfoliation of the protonated and, subsequently, tetramethylammonium/H(+) ion-exchanged K2Ti4O9. The colloidal suspension containing the nanoribbons was hydrothermally heated with a microwave-assistance at temperatures from 120 to 190 °C after pH was adjusted to 0.5-14. The dependence of the crystalline phases on temperature and pH indicated that anatase single phase can be obtained at pH 3-13 whereas temperatures higher than 160 °C. The [111]-faceted nanorod-shaped anatase nanocrystals were formed preferentially at pH ? 3, whereas the {010}-faceted anatase nanocrystals with morphologies of rhombic, cuboid, and spindle were preferentially at pH ?5. The morphology observation revealed that the nanoribbons were transformed to anatase nanocrystals mainly by the topotactic structural transformation reaction accompanied by an Ostwald ripening reaction, and pH of the reaction solution took a critical role in the crystal morphology change. At pH ?1, the mixture of anatase, rutile, and brookite were obtained at higher temperature conditions. The photocatalytic activity and photovoltaic performance were enhanced in an order of surface without a specific facet < [111]-faceted surface < {010}-faceted surface. PMID:25158319

Du, Yi-En; Feng, Qi; Chen, Changdong; Tanaka, Yasuhiro; Yang, Xiaojing

2014-09-24

248

Format-Preserving Encryption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Format-preserving encryption (FPE) encrypts a plaintext of some specified format into a ciphertext of identical format—for example, encrypting a valid credit-card number into a valid credit-card number. The problem has been known for some time, but it has lacked a fully general and rigorous treatment. We provide one, starting off by formally defining FPE and security goals for it. We investigate the natural approach for achieving FPE on complex domains, the “rank-then-encipher” approach, and explore what it can and cannot do. We describe two flavors of unbalanced Feistel networks that can be used for achieving FPE, and we prove new security results for each. We revisit the cycle-walking approach for enciphering on a non-sparse subset of an encipherable domain, showing that the timing information that may be divulged by cycle walking is not a damaging thing to leak.

Bellare, Mihir; Ristenpart, Thomas; Rogaway, Phillip; Stegers, Till

249

National Trust for Historic Preservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chartered by the United States Congress over fifty years ago, the National Trust for Historic Preservation is a private, nonprofit organization which was formed in order "to encourage public participation in the preservation of sites, buildings, and objects significant in American history." Since that time, the National Trust has worked to preserve a host of structures that have some importance to American culture and history, along with providing stewardship to 21 sites (including the home and studio of Frank Lloyd Wright) under their immediate direction. From the home page, visitors can learn about assistance programs available from the National Trust for preserving local Main Streets or structures, along with learning about the various sites administered by the Trust. Perhaps the most helpful section of the site is the area devoted to articles from the TrustâÂÂs monthly publication, Preservation. Here visitors can learn about ongoing preservation issues and read selected issues from the current issue and the online archives.

250

CEDARS: Digital Preservation and Metadata  

Microsoft Academic Search

CEDARS (CURL Exemplars in Digital ARchiveS) is a UK digital preservation project funded by JISC through eLib. Lead sites in the project are the Universities of Cambridge, Leeds and Oxford. The project aims to promote awareness of the importance of digital preservation, to produce strategic frameworks for digital collection management policies and to promote methods appropriate for long-term preservation. An

Michael Day

251

Obtaining Content Weights for Test Specifications from Job Analysis Task Surveys: An Application of the Many-Facets Rasch Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the use of the Many-Facets Rasch Model, via the FACETS computer program (Linacre, 2006a), to scale job/practice analysis survey data as well as to combine multiple rating scales into single composite weights representing the tasks' relative importance. Results from the Many-Facets Rasch Model are compared with those…

Wang, Ning; Stahl, John

2012-01-01

252

Diagnostic challenge: bilateral infected lumbar facet cysts--a rare cause of acute lumbar spinal stenosis and back pain.  

PubMed

Symptomatic synovial lumbar facet cysts are a relatively rare cause of radiculopathy and spinal stenosis. This case and brief review of the literature, details a patient who presented with acutely symptomatic bilateral spontaneously infected synovial facet (L4/5) cysts. This report highlights diagnostic clues for identifying infection of a facet cyst. PMID:20205727

Freedman, Brett A; Bui, Tuan L; Yoon, S Timothy

2010-01-01

253

Improving Personality Facet Scores with Multidimensional Computer Adaptive Testing: An Illustration with the Neo Pi-R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narrowly defined personality facet scores are commonly reported and used for making decisions in clinical and organizational settings. Although these facets are typically related, scoring is usually carried out for a single facet at a time. This method can be ineffective and time consuming when personality tests contain many highly correlated…

Makransky, Guido; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Glas, Cees A. W.

2013-01-01

254

Specific oriented metal-organic framework membranes and their facet-tuned separation performance.  

PubMed

Modulating the crystal morphology, or the exposed crystal facets, of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) expands their potential applications in catalysis, adsorption, and separation. In this article, by immobilizing the citrate modulators on Au nanoparticles and subsequently being fixed on solid copper hydroxide nanostrands, a well-intergrown and oriented HKUST-1 cube crystal membrane was formed at room temperature. In contrast, in the absence of Au nanoparticles, well-intergrown and oriented cuboctahedron and octahedron membranes were formed in water/ethanol and ethanol, respectively. The gas separation performances of these HKUST-1 membranes were tuned via their exposed facets with defined pore sizes. The HKUST-1 cube membrane with exposed {001} facets demonstrated the highest permeance but lowest gas binary separation factors, while the octahedron membrane with exposed {111} facets presented the highest separation factors but lowest permeance, since the window size of {111} facets is 0.46 nm which is smaller than 0.9 nm of {001} facets. Separation of 0.38 nm CO2 from 0.55 nm SF6 was realized by the HKUST-1 octahedron membrane. As a proof of concept, this will open a new way to design MOF-related separation membranes by facet controlling. PMID:25184955

Mao, Yiyin; Su, Binbin; Cao, Wei; Li, Junwei; Ying, Yulong; Ying, Wen; Hou, Yajun; Sun, Luwei; Peng, Xinsheng

2014-09-24

255

Etched facet and semiconductor/air DBR facet of a AlGaInP laser diode prepared by focused ion beam milling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of focused ion beam (FIB) milling for making etched facet and semiconductor/air distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) facets of AlGaInP-based red laser diodes (LD) is presented in this letter. For the Ga ion beam current of 100 pA at fixed accelerated voltage 30 kV, FIB milling rate of GaAs was found to be 0.46 ?m 3/nC. As a trade-off between high reflectivity and enough technical tolerance, the combination of third Bragg orders of semiconductor wall and air gap was chosen. The deeply etched mirror and distributed Bragg reflector facet consisting of pairs of semiconductor wall/air gap on laser diodes (LD) cavity facets with vertical sidewall on AlGaInP LDs were fabricated by focused Ga ion beam milling. Comparison of the AlGaInP LD with the mirrors between cleaved and FIB made facet was given and discussed.

Ren, Qian; Zhang, Bei; Xu, Jun; Zhang, ZhenSheng; Jin, YanBo; Qian, Yi; Yu, DaPeng

2004-05-01

256

A Systems Biology Approach to Synovial Joint Lubrication in Health, Injury, and Disease  

PubMed Central

The synovial joint contains synovial fluid (SF) within a cavity bounded by articular cartilage and synovium. SF is a viscous fluid that has lubrication, metabolic, and regulatory functions within synovial joints. SF contains lubricant molecules, including proteoglycan-4 and hyaluronan. SF is an ultrafiltrate of plasma with secreted contributions from cell populations lining and within the synovial joint space, including chondrocytes and synoviocytes. Maintenance of normal SF lubricant composition and function are important for joint homeostasis. In osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and joint injury, changes in lubricant composition and function accompany alterations in the cytokine and growth factor environment and increased fluid and molecular transport through joint tissues. Thus, understanding the synovial joint lubrication system requires a multi-faceted study of the various parts of the synovial joint and their interactions. Systems biology approaches at multiple scales are being used to describe the molecular, cellular, and tissue components and their interactions that comprise the functioning synovial joint. Analyses of the transcriptome and proteome of SF, cartilage, and synovium suggest that particular molecules and pathways play important roles in joint homeostasis and disease. Such information may be integrated with physicochemical tissue descriptions to construct integrative models of the synovial joint that ultimately may explain maintenance of health, recovery from injury, or development and progression of arthritis. PMID:21826801

Hui, Alexander Y.; McCarty, William J.; Masuda, Koichi; Firestein, Gary S.; Sah, Robert L.

2013-01-01

257

Butt Joint Tool Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

ITER Central Solenoid uses butt joints for connecting the pancakes in the CS module. The principles of the butt joining of the CICC were developed by the JAPT during CSMC project. The difference between the CSMC butt joint and the CS butt joint is that the CS butt joint is an in-line joint, while the CSMC is a double joint through a hairpin jumper. The CS butt joint has to carry the hoop load. The straight length of the joint is only 320 mm, and the vacuum chamber around the joint has to have a split in the clamp shell. These requirements are challenging. Fig.1 presents a CSMC joint, and Fig.2 shows a CS butt joint. The butt joint procedure was verified and demonstrated. The tool is capable of achieving all specified parameters. The vacuum in the end was a little higher than the target, which is not critical and readily correctable. We consider, tentatively that the procedure is established. Unexpectedly, we discover significant temperature nonuniformity in the joint cross section, which is not formally a violation of the specs, but is a point of concern. All testing parameters are recorded for QA purposes. We plan to modify the butt joining tool to improve its convenience of operation and provide all features necessary for production of butt joints by qualified personnel.

Martovetsky, N N

2007-12-06

258

{116} faceted anatase single-crystalline nanosheet arrays: facile synthesis and enhanced electrochemical performances.  

PubMed

Single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanosheet arrays were synthesized on a transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate with a unique one-step alcohol-thermal process. The nanosheets were nearly vertically grown on the FTO substrate along their <11[combining macron]0> zone, and they were dominated by {116} facets. The as-fabricated {116} faceted single-crystalline anatase nanosheet arrays exhibit a much higher reduction capacity and a much better electrochemical reversibility than both {001} faceted anatase single-crystalline nanosheet arrays and P25 film. The results indicate a promising application potential for the new material in the photoelectrochemical field. PMID:25247926

Li, Feng; Li, Xiaoning; Peng, Ranran; Zhai, Xiaofang; Yang, Shangfeng; Fu, Zhengping; Lu, Yalin

2014-10-01

259

[Allergy to preservatives].  

PubMed

This study concerns 465 patients with dermatitis. The clinical history suggested allergy to cosmetics, drugs, industrial products or clothes. These patients were tested with 29 preservatives chosen among the most frequently employed or most sensitising products. Seven french clinics of Dermatology were involved in this study during one year. The patients' age varied between 2 years old and 80 years old. Positive reactions were seen mostly with formaldehyde (4.7 p. 100), Bronopol (4.7 p. 100), ammoniated mercury chloride (3.8 p. 100), benzoic acid (2.1 p. 100), sodium benzoate (1.9 p. 100), parabens (1.9 p. 100), dichlorophen (1.7 p. 100), chloracetamid (1.5 p. 100), benzyl benzoate (1.5 p. 100), Germall 115 (1.2 p. 100), butylhydroxyanisol (1 p. 100) and Dowicil (0.8 p. 100). The incidence of sensitivity to formaldehyde, Bronopol, ammoniated mercury chloride is too high; their use should decrease. Patients sensitive to benzoic acid, benzyl benzoate are not rare. Chloracetamid whose frequency of uses seems to be rather low is a very sensitising product. Parabens which are widely used were seldom found positive; nearly all cases are caused by topical medications. PMID:6221686

Meynadier, J M; Meynadier, J; Colmas, A; Castelain, P Y; Ducombs, G; Chabeau, G; Lacroix, M; Martin, P; Ngangu, Z

1982-01-01

260

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES  

E-print Network

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES hOW TO STORE QUICK AND EASY SERVING TIPS Peaches freestone" ( red coloring). Suitable choices for freezing and canning include Crest Haven, Red Haven for preserves. yield Freestones ­ approximately 15 percent from pits and skins. FOOD SAFETY TIPS 1 pound 3

261

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES  

E-print Network

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES PearsMichigan-grown pears are available August to 25 quarts canned (2 ½ pounds per quart) FOOD SAFETY TIPS hOW TO STORE Purchase fruits. WO1043 #12;how to preserve FREEZING OF PEARS Select pears that are well ripened and firm

262

The Preservation of Digital Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors are conducting a three-part study to evaluate current trends in the preservation of digital content, with an emphasis on electronic records. The study emanated from the authors' work on the Preservation Task Force of the International Research on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems (InterPARES) project. This article…

Cloonan, Michele Valerie; Sanett, Shelby

2005-01-01

263

Effectiveness of Family Preservation Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent studies of family preservation and related family-strengthening programs. Estimates the effect sizes of outcomes in studies with control or comparison conditions. Also identifies a set of core services that characterize innovative family preservation programs in child welfare, multisystemic family treatment in juvenile justice, and…

Fraser, Mark W.; Nelson, Kristine E.; Rivard, Jeanne C.

1997-01-01

264

Building Preservation Knowledge in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project to translate into Portuguese and disseminate preservation knowledge was part of a broader partnership between the Council on Library and Information Resources, which incorporates the former Commission on Preservation and Access, and a consortium of Brazilian archival, library, and museum institutions. The partnership was intended to…

Beck, Ingrid

265

Pathological eating behaviors, BMI, and facet-level traits: the roles of conscientiousness, neuroticism, and impulsivity.  

PubMed

The current study examined the bivariate and multivariate associations of personality with Body Mass Index (BMI) and several eating behavior inventories, focusing on facets of Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, and Impulsivity. Simultaneous multiple regressions showed that the facets Traditionalism, Urgency, and low Vulnerability were significant predictors of BMI. A factor analysis of the eating behavior scales revealed two dimensions: (a) Food and Body Preoccupation and (b) Cued Eating; Neuroticism, low Conscientiousness, and Perfectionism were significant predictors of both eating behavior factors. In addition, the Depression facet predicted Food and Body Preoccupation, and low Temperance predicted Cued Eating. Implications are discussed for the structure of eating pathology and the specificity of facet traits to eating behaviors and obesity. PMID:24183129

Ellickson-Larew, Stephanie; Naragon-Gainey, Kristin; Watson, David

2013-12-01

266

Facet-dependent electrochemical properties of Co3O4 nanocrystals toward heavy metal ions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revealed an interesting facet-dependent electrochemical behavior toward heavy metal ions (HMIs) based on their adsorption behaviors. The (111) facet of Co3O4 nanoplates has better electrochemical sensing performance than that of the (001) facet of Co3O4 nanocubes. Adsorption measurements and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations reveals that adsorption of HMIs is responsible for the difference of electrochemical properties. Our combined experimental and theoretical studies provide a solid hint to explain the mechanism of electrochemical detection of HMIs using nanoscale metal oxides. Furthermore, this study not only suggests a promising new strategy for designing high performance electrochemical sensing interface through the selective synthesis of nanoscale materials exposed with different well-defined facets, but also provides a deep understanding for a more sensitive and selective electroanalysis at nanomaterials modified electrodes.

Yu, Xin-Yao; Meng, Qiang-Qiang; Luo, Tao; Jia, Yong; Sun, Bai; Li, Qun-Xiang; Liu, Jin-Huai; Huang, Xing-Jiu

2013-10-01

267

Sparsely Faceted Arrays: A Mechanism Supporting Parallel Allocation, Communication, and Garbage Collection  

E-print Network

Conventional parallel computer architectures do not provide support for non-uniformly distributed objects. In this thesis, I introduce sparsely faceted arrays (SFAs), a new low-level mechanism for naming regions of memory, ...

Brown, Jeremy Hanford

2002-06-01

268

Openness to Experience and Mortality in Men: Analysis of Trait and Facets  

PubMed Central

Objectives We examined whether specific facets are more robust predictors of mortality risk than overall trait openness in a sample of older men. Methods The current investigation used data from 1,349 men from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. From 1990–1991 to 2008, 547 (41%) had died. We used exploratory factor analysis to extract facets of openness, followed by proportional hazards modeling to examine 18-year mortality risk. Results Two facets emerged from the openness adjectives: intellect and creativity. In the fully adjusted model, only creativity predicted mortality risk. A 1-SD increase in creativity was associated with a 12% decrease in mortality risk. Discussion The study demonstrated that consideration of facets allows for a more precise understanding of the personality–health association. Higher levels of creativity predict longer survival in a sample of older men which provides preliminary support of the protective role creativity has on health even at advanced ages. PMID:22219209

Turiano, Nicholas A.; Spiro, Avron; Mroczek, Daniel K.

2013-01-01

269

Valid Inequalities and Facets for the Steinger Problem in a Directed Graph  

E-print Network

In this paper, we describe the facial structure of the steiner problem in a directed graph by formulating it as a set covering problem. We first characterize trivial facets and derive a necessary condition for nontrivial ...

Myung, Young-soo

270

Large displacement spherical joint  

DOEpatents

A new class of spherical joints has a very large accessible full cone angle, a property which is beneficial for a wide range of applications. Despite the large cone angles, these joints move freely without singularities.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

271

Joint Injection/Aspiration  

MedlinePLUS

... osteoarthritis. What usually is injected into the joint space? Corticosteroids (such as methylprednisolone and triamcinolone formulated to ... for producing inflammation and pain within the joint space. Although corticosteroids may also be successfully used in ...

272

Facet Model and Mathematical Morphology for Surface Characterization  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an algorithm for the automatic segmentation and representation of surface structures and non-uniformities in an industrial setting. The automatic image processing and analysis algorithm is developed as part of a complete on-line web characterization system of a papermaking process at the wet end. The goal is to: (1) link certain types of structures on the surface of the web to known machine parameter values, and (2) find the connection between detected structures at the beginning of the line and defects seen on the final product. Images of the pulp mixture (slurry), carried by a fast moving table, are obtained using a stroboscopic light and a CCD camera. This characterization algorithm succeeded where conventional contrast and edge detection techniques failed due to a poorly controlled environment. The images obtained have poor contrast and contain noise caused by a variety of sources. After a number of enhancement steps, conventional segmentation methods still f ailed to detect any structures and are consequently discarded. Techniques tried include the Canny edge detector, the Sobel, Roberts, and Prewitt's filters, as well as zero crossings. The facet model algorithm, is then applied to the images with various parameter settings and is found to be successful in detecting the various topographic characteristics of the surface of the slurry. Pertinent topographic elements are retained and a filtered image computed. Carefully tailored morphological operators are then applied to detect and segment regions of interest. Those regions are then selected according to their size, elongation, and orientation. Their bounding rectangles are computed and represented. Also addressed in this paper are aspects of the real time implementation of this algorithm for on-line use. The algorithm is tested on over 500 images of slurry and is found to segment and characterize nonuniformities on all 500 images.

Abidi, B.R.; Goddard, J.S.; Hunt, M.A.; Sari-Sarraf, H.

1999-11-13

273

Domains and Facets: Hierarchical Personality Assessment Using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality traits are organized hierarchically, with narrow, specific traits com- bining to define broad, global factors. The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992c) assesses personality at bo1.h levels, with six specific facet scales in each of five broad domains. This article describes conceptual issues in specifying facets of a domain and reports evidence on the validity of

Paul T. Costa; Robert R. McCrae

1995-01-01

274

Cleaved GaN facets by wafer fusion of GaN to InP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basal plane sapphire is a common substrate for the heteroepitaxy of GaN. This presents a challenge for fabrication of cleaved-facet GaN lasers because the natural cleavage planes in (0001) ?-Al2O3 are not perpendicular to the wafer surface. This letter describes a method for achieving perpendicular cleaved facets through wafer fusion that can potentially be used to fabricate GaN based in-plane

R. K. Sink; S. Keller; B. P. Keller; D. I. Babic; A. L. Holmes; D. Kapolnek; S. P. Denbaars; J. E. Bowers; X. H. Wu; J. S. Speck

1996-01-01

275

Plasma Wakefield Acceleration and FACET - Facilities for Accelerator Science and Experimental Test Beams at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

Plasma wakefield acceleration is one of the most promising approaches to advancing accelerator technology. This approach offers a potential 1,000-fold or more increase in acceleration over a given distance, compared to existing accelerators.  FACET, enabled by the Recovery Act funds, will study plasma acceleration, using short, intense pulses of electrons and positrons. In this lecture, the physics of plasma acceleration and features of FACET will be presented.  

Andrei Seryi

2009-09-09

276

Porous single-crystalline palladium nanoflowers with enriched {100} facets for highly enhanced ethanol oxidation.  

PubMed

Palladium porous single-crystalline nanoflowers (PSNFs) with enriched high catalytic activity {100} facets were synthesized using a mild and controllable seed mediated growth method. The growth mechanism of the Pd PSNFs was investigated using time dependent morphology evolution through TEM imaging. Due to the specific structure, Pd PSNFs show highly enhanced ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) activity, high EOR anti-poisoning and stability, much better than Pd nanocubes, {111} facets dominated dendritic urchin-like Pd nanoparticles and Pd black. PMID:25370157

Qi, Kun; Wang, Qiyu; Zheng, Weitao; Zhang, Wei; Cui, Xiaoqiang

2014-12-21

277

Laser Scribing for Facet Fabrication of InGaN MQW Diode Lasers on Sapphire Substrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this letter, a novel method for the fabrication of high-quality facets for III-nitride lasers grown on c -plane sapphire substrates as well as on GaN substrates is presented. Based on a laser scribing process gain-guided laser diodes with smooth facets were fabricated, which showed threshold current densities of 6.5 kA\\/cm2 at an emission wavelength of 405 nm under pulsed

Jan-Robert van Look; Sven Einfeldt; Olaf Kruger; Veit Hoffmann; Arne Knauer; Markus Weyers; Patrick Vogt; Michael Kneissl

2010-01-01

278

Fabrication of dry etched and subsequently passivated laser facets in GaAs/AlGaAs  

SciTech Connect

The aging behavior of edge emitting laser diodes based on GaAs/AlGaAs is investigated by comparing devices with facets that are alternatively cleaved or dry etched and consecutively treated with H{sub 2}S. In this work we demonstrate that an in situ exposure to H{sub 2}S gas is not sufficient to prevent ageing but an additional plasma treatment is rather required to obtain comparable ageing results to lasers with cleaved facets.

Deichsel, Eckard; Franz, Gerhard [University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Munich University of Applied Sciences, Munich, Bavaria (Germany)

2004-09-01

279

Arch & Chord Joint Detail; Crossbracing Center Joint Detail; Chord, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Arch & Chord Joint Detail; Crossbracing Center Joint Detail; Chord, Panel Post, Tie & Diagonal Brace Joint Detail; Chord, Panel Post, Tie & Crossbracing Joint Detail - Dunlapsville Covered Bridge, Spanning East Fork Whitewater River, Dunlapsville, Union County, IN

280

Jointly Poisson processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

What constitutes jointly Poisson processes remains an unresolved issue. This report reviews the current state of the theory and indicates how the accepted but unproven model equals that resulting from the small time-interval limit of jointly Bernoulli processes. One intriguing consequence of these models is that jointly Poisson processes can only be positively correlated as measured by the correlation coefficient

D. H. Johnson; I. N. Goodman

2009-01-01

281

Branched Au Nanostructures Enriched with a Uniform Facet: Facile Synthesis and Catalytic Performances  

PubMed Central

Well–defined noble metal nanocrystals (NMNCs) of a unique morphology yet a uniform facet have attracted broad interests. In this regard, those with a highly branched architecture have gained particular attention. Most of the currently existing branched NMNCs, however, are enclosed by mixed facets. We now report that branched Au nanoarchitectures could be facilely fabricated by mixing an aqueous solution of KAuCl4, an aqueous dispersion of graphene oxide, and ethanol under ambient conditions. Interestingly, unilike the conventional branched NMNCs, our unique Au nanostructures are predominately enriched with a uniform facet of {111}. Compared to the spherical Au nanostructures exposed with mixed facets, our branched nanospecies of a uniform facet display superior catalytic performances both for the catalytic reduction of 4–nitrophenol and the electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. Our investigation represents the first example that Au nanostructures simultaneously featured with a highly branched architecture and a uniform crystal facet could be formulated. Our unique Au nanostructures provide a fundamental yet new scientific forum to disclose the correlation between the surface atomic arrangement and the catalytic performances of branched NMNCs. PMID:24918973

Zhu, Mingshan; Lei, Bin; Ren, Fangfang; Chen, Penglei; Shen, Yunfan; Guan, Bo; Du, Yukou; Li, Tiesheng; Liu, Minghua

2014-01-01

282

Branched Au Nanostructures Enriched with a Uniform Facet: Facile Synthesis and Catalytic Performances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well-defined noble metal nanocrystals (NMNCs) of a unique morphology yet a uniform facet have attracted broad interests. In this regard, those with a highly branched architecture have gained particular attention. Most of the currently existing branched NMNCs, however, are enclosed by mixed facets. We now report that branched Au nanoarchitectures could be facilely fabricated by mixing an aqueous solution of KAuCl4, an aqueous dispersion of graphene oxide, and ethanol under ambient conditions. Interestingly, unilike the conventional branched NMNCs, our unique Au nanostructures are predominately enriched with a uniform facet of {111}. Compared to the spherical Au nanostructures exposed with mixed facets, our branched nanospecies of a uniform facet display superior catalytic performances both for the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol and the electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. Our investigation represents the first example that Au nanostructures simultaneously featured with a highly branched architecture and a uniform crystal facet could be formulated. Our unique Au nanostructures provide a fundamental yet new scientific forum to disclose the correlation between the surface atomic arrangement and the catalytic performances of branched NMNCs.

Zhu, Mingshan; Lei, Bin; Ren, Fangfang; Chen, Penglei; Shen, Yunfan; Guan, Bo; Du, Yukou; Li, Tiesheng; Liu, Minghua

2014-06-01

283

Combined Fire Retardant and Wood Preservative Treatments for Outdoor Wood Applications – A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

A collaborative Australian national project funded jointly by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation\\u000a and the Forest & Wood Products Research and Development Corporation has been undertaken to develop a ‘proof of concept’ for\\u000a a combined fire retardant\\/wood preservative treatment technology for P. radiata to satisfy the requirements of both the Australian Bushfire and Wood Preservation Standards. The focus

D. C. O. Marney; L. J. Russell

2008-01-01

284

Two-wavelength butt-joint diode lasers for the difference- and sum-frequency generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The new design of the nonlinear mixing heterolasers, Butt-Joint Laser, where two butt-joined laser diodes are optically coupled but injection pumped separately, are presented. Two diode lasers operate at slightly different frequencies in the near-IR range and are mounted top side down on a mutual heat sink with their facets touched or separated by a few

A. A. Biryukov; S. M. Nekorkin; N. B. Zvonkov; V. Ya. Aleshkin; V. I. Gavrilenko; K. V. Maremjanin; S. V. Morozov; A. A. Belyanin; V. V. Kocharovsky; M. O. Scully

2005-01-01

285

Cancer and fertility preservation: fertility preservation in breast cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aggressive chemotherapy has improved the life expectancy for reproductive-age women with breast cancer, but it often causes\\u000a infertility or premature ovarian failure due to destruction of the ovarian reserve. Many questions concerning fertility preservation\\u000a in breast cancer patients remain unanswered – for example, whether fertility preservation methods interfere with chemotherapy,\\u000a and whether subsequent pregnancy has negative effects on the prognosis.

Theodoros Maltaris; Michael Weigel; Andreas Mueller; Marcus Schmidt; Rudolf Seufert; Franz Fischl; Heinz Koelbl; Ralf Dittrich

2008-01-01

286

Principles of Low Temperature Cell Preservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell transplantation is becoming an important technique for treatment of heart failure. Preservation is an integral step in any procedure using cells. There are two primary modes of cell preservation at low temperature, hypothermic preservation at temperatures above freezing and cryogenic preservation at temperatures below freezing. Optimal preservation protocols require a fundamental understanding of the principles involved. This review briefly

Boris Rubinsky

2003-01-01

287

Privacy-preserving data mining  

E-print Network

In the research of privacy-preserving data mining, we address issues related to extracting knowledge from large amounts of data without violating the privacy of the data owners. In this study, we first introduce an integrated baseline architecture...

Zhang, Nan

2009-05-15

288

Treatment of Wood Preserving Wastewater  

E-print Network

The wastewater produced by the wood preserving industry presents a difficult problem to treat economically. A review of the literature indicates the size of the industry has limited the pursuit of an orderly and economic solution. Atmospheric...

Reynolds, T. D.; Shack, P. A.

289

Montana State Historic Preservation Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Montana State Historic Preservation Office works with dozens of partners across Big Sky country to preserve the state's cultural and historic places. The website for the Office contains information about their staff, historic architecture, archaeological projects, and cultural records. Visitors can click on the State-owned Heritage Properties link, located at the bottom of the page, to find a list of historic properties owned and managed by Montana. They can also look over technical reports and documents about these properties. Visitors should not miss the report titled "Montana Modernism." This gem offers information and commentary on recently identified properties in Montana (such as the Safeway Grocery in Butte) built in the two decades after World War II. Finally, visitors with a interest in preservation policy can browse through the Preservation Law section.

2012-03-09

290

Cultural Preservation Program for Alaska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technical report, an innovative cultural preservation program for implementation in Athabascan villages is presented. The parameters for success in implementing such a project is discussed based on a workshop with Athabascan elders.

Barbaran, Francisco Ramon

2011-01-01

291

Pylorus-Preserving Total Pancreatectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Preservation of the pylorus is an accepted alternative procedure to the classical Whipple operation for pancreatic head resection but data describing its value for total pancreatectomy are sparse. Methods: A prospective analysis of 22 total pancreatectomies performed in a consecutive series of 436 pancreatic resections from 1.11.93 to 1.5.99. Results: 11 patients underwent total pancreatectomy with preservation of the

M. Wagner; K. Z’graggen; C. E. Vagianos; C. A. Redaelli; F. Holzinger; C. Sadowski; C. Kulli; H. Zimmermann; H. U. Baer; M. W. Büchler

2001-01-01

292

Identifying and Preserving Wildlife Tracks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an article by Jon C. Boren, Extension Wildlife Specialist and Byron D. Wright, Agricultural Specialist both from the University of New Mexico entitled Identifying and Preserving Wildlife Tracks. It contains information about identifying animal tracks, including those of deer, elk, antelope, and mountain lions. Also, there is a helpful guide to preserving animal tracks by making track casts, including the procedure and materials needed. A recommended reading list is also presented to give visitors a starting point for more information.

2008-02-21

293

76 FR 74721 - Preserving the Open Internet  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Report No. 2936] Preserving the Open Internet AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...broadband service to preserve and reinforce Internet freedom and openness. DATES: Oppositions...In the Matter of Preserving the Open Internet, Broadband Industry Practices,...

2011-12-01

294

Yeasts preservation: alternatives for lyophilisation.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two low-cost, low technology traditional methods for drying starter cultures with standard lyophilisation. Lyophilised yeast cultures and yeast cultures preserved in dry rice cakes and dry plant fibre strands were examined for viable cell counts during 6 months storage at 4 and 25 °C. None of the yeast cultures showed a significant loss in viable cell count during 6 months of storage at 4 °C upon lyophilisation and preservation in dry rice cakes. During storage at 25 °C in the dark, yeast cultures preserved in dry rice cakes, and lyophilised cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Issatchenkia orientalis showed no significant loss of viable cells up to 4 months of storage. Yeast cultures preserved in dry plant fibre strands had the greatest loss of viable count during the 6 months of storage at 25 °C. Preservation of yeasts cultures in dry rice cakes provided better survival during storage at 4 °C than lyophilisation. The current study demonstrated that traditional methods can be useful and effective for starter culture preservation in small-scale, low-tech applications. PMID:22806747

Nyanga, Loveness K; Nout, Martinus J R; Smid, Eddy J; Boekhout, Teun; Zwietering, Marcel H

2012-11-01

295

Knowledge Preservation Techniques That Can Facilitate Intergroup Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have developed tools, social methods and software, for (1) acquiring technical knowledge from engineers and scientists, (2) preserving that knowledge, (3) making the totality of our stored knowledge rapidly searchable. Our motivation has been, mainly, to preserve rare knowledge of senior engineers who are near retirement. Historical value of such knowledge, and also of our tools, has been pointed out to us by historians. We now propose the application these tools to enhancing communication among groups that are working jointly on a project. Of most value will be projects having groups among whom communication is rare and incomplete. We propose that discussions among members of a group be recorded in audio and that both the actual audio and transcriptions of that audio, and optional other pieces be combined into electronic, webpage-like "books". These books can then be searched rapidly by interested people in other groups. At points of particular interest, a searcher can zoom in on the text and even on the original recordings to pick up nuances (e.g. to distinguish a utterance said in seriousness from one in sarcasm). In this matter, not only can potentially valuable technical details be preserved for the future, but communication be enhanced during the life of a joint undertaking.

Moreman, Douglas; Dyer, John; Coffee, John; Noga, Donald F. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

296

Violence risk assessment and facet 4 of the Psychopathy Checklist: predicting institutional and community aggression in two forensic samples.  

PubMed

The Psychopathy Checklist and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL/PCL-R) were used to predict institutional aggression and community violence in two groups of forensic patients. Results showed that Facet 4 (Antisocial) of the PCL/PCL-R or one of its parcels consistently achieved incremental validity relative to the first three facets, whereas the first three facets failed to achieve incremental validity relative to Facet 4. One of the two Facet 4 parcels, Parcel G (General Acting Out), was the only PCL-R measure to consistently achieve success in classifying individual cases using the receiver operating characteristic approach. These findings suggest that Facet 4 and its parcels may play a role in violence risk assessment, although the generalizability of these findings to various forensic settings and contexts requires further study. PMID:20040729

Walters, Glenn D; Heilbrun, Kirk

2010-06-01

297

National Film Preservation Foundation: The Film Preservation Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

No doubt many organizations and institutions have a canister of 16MM film lying around someplace and some diligent member of their organization might ask: "How can we preserve this item?" A very astute question, and this helpful guide from the National Film Preservation Foundation provides substantial guidance and assistance. The 121-page guide describes methods for handling, duplicating, making available, and storing film, which are practical for nonprofit and public organizations with limited resources. Visitors to this site can download all of the sections in this report, which include chapters like "Legal Context for Film Preservation" and "Understanding Film and How it Decays". The report also includes case studies, illustrations, charts, glossary, and a bibliography.

298

Neurologically Intact Patient Following Bilateral Facet Dislocation: Case Report and Review of Literature  

PubMed Central

Background Complete spinal cord lesions and quadriplegia occur in 50%-84% of patients with bilateral facet dislocation. We present a patient who suffered both bilateral facet dislocation and bilateral pedicle fractures while remaining neurologically intact. Based on this case and our literature review, we hypothesize that bilateral facet dislocations without neurological deficits are accompanied by significant associated fractures that facilitate the maintenance of cervical spine canal patency. Case Report After a fall down a flight of stairs, an 86-year-old woman presented to the hospital complaining of neck pain. She denied numbness and weakness of her extremities. On physical examination she was neurologically intact without focal sensory or motor deficits and with normal reflexes throughout. Computed tomography (CT) of her neck demonstrated bilateral C5-C6 facet dislocation with locking of the C6 superior articular process dorsal to the C5 inferior articular process, as well as corresponding bilateral C6 pedicle fractures. Additional acute fractures were identified on the thoracic CT. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated no spinal cord compression, edema, or hemorrhage. The patient had a C6-C7 anterior cervical discectomy and allograft fusion and a C5-T1 anterior cervical plate with screw fixation. Conclusion Because bilateral facet dislocations without neurological deficits are rare, the most appropriate surgical intervention is not evident. We believe the best choice as a first step is an anterior cervical discectomy and allograft fusion with plating. PMID:24688342

Chakravarthy, Vikram; Mullin, Jeffrey P.; Abbott, E. Emily; Anderson, James; Benzel, Edward C.

2014-01-01

299

Molecular simulation of the influence of interface faceting on the shock sensitivity of a model plastic bonded explosive.  

PubMed

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to model the shock loading of an interface with various degrees of nanometer scale faceting between an inert binder and an energetic crystal. The facets create regions of local compression that induce exothermic reaction that leads to local hotspots and an increased shock sensitivity to detonation. Two mechanisms for compression and hotspot formation are identified that depend on the shock impedance mismatch between the binder and energetic crystal, namely shock focusing and local compression of the facets. These results provide a possible explanation for why spherical RDX crystals in cast polymer-bonded explosives appear less shock sensitive than RDX with more faceted morphologies. PMID:18973371

Shi, Yunfeng; Brenner, Donald W

2008-11-27

300

Influence of the facet type on the performance of terahertz quantum cascade lasers with double-metal waveguides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the influence of cleaved and dry chemically etched facets on the performance of terahertz quantum cascade lasers with double-metal waveguides. We theoretically show that the reflectivity and therefore also the mirror losses depend on the facet type. We fabricated devices employing both a cleaved and an etched facet, which show an asymmetric output characteristic. Furthermore, we compare the performance in terms of maximum operation temperature of lasers with each facet configuration. The results suggest that the devices are operated in a mirror loss dominated regime.

Brandstetter, Martin; Krall, Michael; Deutsch, Christoph; Detz, Hermann; Andrews, Aaron M.; Schrenk, Werner; Strasser, Gottfried; Unterrainer, Karl

2013-06-01

301

Curation and Preservation of Complex Data: The North Carolina Geospatial Data Archiving Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North Carolina Geospatial Data Archiving Project (NCGDAP) is a three-year joint effort of the North Carolina State University Libraries and the North Carolina Center for Geographic Information and Analysis focused on collection and preservation of digital geospatial data resources from state and local government agencies. NCGDAP is being undertaken in partnership with the Library of Congress under the National

Steven P. Morris; James Tuttle

302

Privacy-Preserving Bayesian Network Structure Learning on Distributed Heterogeneous Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Privacy concerns often prevent different parties from sharing their data in order to carry out data mining applications on their joint data. Privacy-preserving data mining provides a solution by creating distributed data mining algorithm in which the underlying data is not revealed. In this paper, we address a particular data mining problem, learning the structure of Bayesian network on distributed

Hongmei Wang; Zheng Zhao; Zhi-wei Sun

2005-01-01

303

Validity of six openness facets in predicting work behaviors: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

To illustrate the importance of facet-level investigations in predicting organizational outcomes and the need for more primary studies on this topic, we conducted a meta-analysis that took an exploratory look at differential relationships among 7 organizational criteria and Openness traits varying in breadth. Nine Openness predictors--the global dimension, 2 aspects (intellect and culture), and 6 facets (intellectual efficiency, ingenuity, curiosity, aesthetics, tolerance, and depth)--were examined in relations with various organizational criteria such as traditional performance outcomes (task performance, contextual performance, counterproductive work behavior), turnover, leadership effectiveness, training performance, and adaptive performance. Our results support the idea that Openness facets could exhibit differential validity for many organizational outcomes. PMID:23795997

Woo, Sang Eun; Chernyshenko, Oleksandr S; Stark, Stephen E; Conz, Gabriella

2014-01-01

304

Shapes, Sizes, and Faceting of Nanoscale Metal Particles for Applications in Catalysis  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to reduce the world's dependence on fossil fuels, proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are commonly considered as a prime candidate for alternative energy sources. The efficiency of fuel cells is limited by the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) which is driven by platinum based catalysts. Numerous methods have been developed to synthesize particles which contain more active surfaces by tuning shapes, sizes and facets. Here, we will present a study of a well known wet chemical reduction method targeting specific morphologies and the resulting electrochemical activity. Studying the relationship between Pt facets at the bulk phase single crystal level versus the nanoscale correlates the effects of faceting on activities. Studying the formation of crystals during the course of the synthesis via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) provides mechanistic insight on growth, while electrochemical studies correlate physical properties to performance.

Strand, M. B.; Leong, G. J.; Dinh, H. N.; Richards, R. M.

2013-01-01

305

Interferometric technique for faceted microstructure metrology using an index matching liquid  

SciTech Connect

Microstructured optical products are becoming more widespread due to advances in manufacturing. Many of these structures contain faceted surfaces with steep slopes. Adequate metrology for such surfaces is lacking. We describe an interferometric technique that combines plane wave illumination with an index matching liquid to achieve high quality, high speed measurements of such faceted microstructures. We account for refraction at the interfaces, rather than consider only optical path length changes due to the index liquid, and this significantly improves the facet angle measurement. We demonstrate the technique with the measurement of an array of micropyramids and show that our results are in good agreement with measurements taken on a contact profilometer. We also extend the technique to measure opaque microcorner cubes by implementing an intermediate replication step.

Purcell, Daryl; Suratkar, Amit; Davies, Angela; Farahi, Faramarz; Ottevaere, Heidi; Thienpont, Hugo

2010-02-01

306

Linear-phase approximation in the triangular facet near-field physical optics computer program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyses of reflector antenna surfaces use a computer program based on a discrete approximation of the radiation integral. The calculation replaces the actual surface with a triangular facet representation; the physical optics current is assumed to be constant over each facet. Described here is a method of calculation using linear-phase approximation of the surface currents of parabolas, ellipses, and shaped subreflectors and compares results with a previous program that used a constant-phase approximation of the triangular facets. The results show that the linear-phase approximation is a significant improvement over the constant-phase approximation, and enables computation of 100 to 1,000 lambda reflectors within a reasonable time on a Cray computer.

Imbriale, W. A.; Hodges, R. E.

1990-01-01

307

Scanning-tunneling-microscopy study of faceting on high-step-density TaC surfaces  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the morphologies of the TaC(310), (210), and (110) surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy. Heating the crystals to high temperatures activates a faceting of these surfaces into a hill-and-valley structure consisting of enlarged (100) terraces and (010) step walls. Step-separation distributions obtained from these surfaces can be well fit by sharp Gaussians and are much narrower than predicted for the noninteracting terrace-step-kink model, indicating a strong repulsive interaction exists between steps on the faceted surfaces. This faceting is suggested to be driven by a decrease in the total step repulsive energy through a reduction of the total number of step pairs. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Zuo, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri 65804 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri 65804 (United States); Carpinelli, J.M. [Department of Physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States); Zehner, D.M.; Wendelken, J.F. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge, National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge, National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

1996-06-01

308

Heritability of the big five personality dimensions and their facets: a twin study.  

PubMed

The genetic and environmental etiology of the five-factor model of personality as measured by the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) was assessed using 123 pairs of identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins. Broad genetic influence on the five dimensions of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness was estimated at 41%, 53%, 61%, 41%, and 44%, respectively. The facet scales also showed substantial heritability, although for several facets the genetic influence was largely nonadditive. The influence of the environment was consistent across all dimensions and facets. Shared environmental influences accounted for a negligible proportion of the variance in most scales, whereas nonshared environmental influences accounted for the majority of the environmental variance in all scales. PMID:8776880

Jang, K L; Livesley, W J; Vernon, P A

1996-09-01

309

Existential Positive Types and Preservation under Homomorphisisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

We prove the finite homomorphism preservation theorem: a first-order formula is preserved under homomorphisms on finite structures iff it is equivalent in the finite to an existential positive formula. We also strengthen the classical homomorphism preservation theorem by showing that a formula is preserved under homomorphisms on all structures iff it is equivalent to an existential positive formula of the

Benjamin Rossman

2005-01-01

310

{116} faceted anatase single-crystalline nanosheet arrays: facile synthesis and enhanced electrochemical performances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanosheet arrays were synthesized on a transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate with a unique one-step alcohol-thermal process. The nanosheets were nearly vertically grown on the FTO substrate along their <11&cmb.macr;0> zone, and they were dominated by {116} facets. The as-fabricated {116} faceted single-crystalline anatase nanosheet arrays exhibit a much higher reduction capacity and a much better electrochemical reversibility than both {001} faceted anatase single-crystalline nanosheet arrays and P25 film. The results indicate a promising application potential for the new material in the photoelectrochemical field.Single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanosheet arrays were synthesized on a transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate with a unique one-step alcohol-thermal process. The nanosheets were nearly vertically grown on the FTO substrate along their <11&cmb.macr;0> zone, and they were dominated by {116} facets. The as-fabricated {116} faceted single-crystalline anatase nanosheet arrays exhibit a much higher reduction capacity and a much better electrochemical reversibility than both {001} faceted anatase single-crystalline nanosheet arrays and P25 film. The results indicate a promising application potential for the new material in the photoelectrochemical field. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Photo of the large area STNA-116, FESEM images of STNA-001 and STNA-116 with a series of growth time, the enlarged XRD pattern, the simulated SAED pattern, the reflectance spectra, the cyclic voltammograms of P25 on the FTO substrate. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr04248d

Li, Feng; Li, Xiaoning; Peng, Ranran; Zhai, Xiaofang; Yang, Shangfeng; Fu, Zhengping; Lu, Yalin

2014-10-01

311

Faceting of {sigma}3 and {sigma}9 grain boundaries in Cu-Bi alloys  

SciTech Connect

The faceting of {sigma}3 and {sigma}9 tilt grain boundaries (GBs) has been studied in bicrystals of pure Cu and Cu-Bi alloys containing 2.5 x 10{sup -3}, 10 x 10{sup -3} and 16 x 10{sup -3} at.% Bi. The {sigma}3(1 0 0), {sigma}9(1 0 0), {sigma}9(-1 1 0), and {sigma}9(-1 2 0) facets and non-CSL {sigma}3 82 deg 9R facet were observed, where {sigma} is the inverse density of coincidence sites. The ratio between GB energy, {sigma}{sub GB}, and surface energy, {sigma}{sub sur}, was measured by atomic force microscopy using the GB thermal-groove method. The GB energy and thermal-groove deepening rate increased slightly between 0 and 10 x 10{sup -3} at.% Bi for all facets studied. However, between 10 x 10{sup -3} and 16 x 10{sup -3} at.% Bi the GB energy increased dramatically [from a factor 2 for the {sigma}9(1 1 0) facet to 15 times larger for the {sigma}3(1 0 0) facet]. The thermal-groove deepening rate also increased by a factor of 10 in this concentration range. This change corresponds well with the GB solidus line (i.e., the formation of a stable layer of a liquid-like GB phase called GB prewetting) observed previously. Wulff diagrams were constructed using measured {sigma}{sub GB}/{sigma}{sub sur} values.

Straumal, B.B. [Laboratory of Interfaces in Metals, Institute of Solid State Physics, Institutskii prospect 15, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow District (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: straumal@issp.ac.ru; Polyakov, S.A. [Laboratory of Interfaces in Metals, Institute of Solid State Physics, Institutskii prospect 15, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow District (Russian Federation); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung and Institut fuer Metallkunde, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Bischoff, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung and Institut fuer Metallkunde, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Gust, W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung and Institut fuer Metallkunde, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Baretzky, B. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung and Institut fuer Metallkunde, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2005-01-10

312

Discovery of columnar jointing on Mars  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We report on the discovery of columnar jointing in Marte Valles, Mars. These columnar lavas were discovered in the wall of a pristine, 16-km-diameter impact crater and exhibit the features of terrestrial columnar basalts. There are discontinuous outcrops along the entire crater wall, suggesting that the columnar rocks covered a surface area of at least 200 km2, assuming that the rocks obliterated by the impact event were similarly jointed. We also see columns in the walls of other fresh craters in the nearby volcanic plains of Elysium Planitia-Amazonis Planitia, which include Marte Vallis, and in a well-preserved crater in northeast Hellas. ?? 2009 The Geological Society of America.

Milazzo, M.P.; Keszthelyi, L.P.; Jaeger, W.L.; Rosiek, M.; Mattson, S.; Verba, C.; Beyer, R.A.; Geissler, P.E.; McEwen, A.S.

2009-01-01

313

Joint aging and chondrocyte cell death  

PubMed Central

Articular cartilage extracellular matrix and cell function change with age and are considered to be the most important factors in the development and progression of osteoarthritis. The multifaceted nature of joint disease indicates that the contribution of cell death can be an important factor at early and late stages of osteoarthritis. Therefore, the pharmacologic inhibition of cell death is likely to be clinically valuable at any stage of the disease. In this article, we will discuss the close association between diverse changes in cartilage aging, how altered conditions influence chondrocyte death, and the implications of preventing cell loss to retard osteoarthritis progression and preserve tissue homeostasis. PMID:20671988

Grogan, Shawn P; D'Lima, Darryl D

2010-01-01

314

Joint warfare system (JWARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Warfare System (JWARS) is a campaign-level model of military operations that is currently being developed under contract by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for use by OSD, the Joint Staff, the Services, and the War fighting Commands. The behavior of military forces can be simulated from ports of embarkation through to their activities in combat.

A. Simlote

2003-01-01

315

Campylobacter Prosthetic Joint Infection  

PubMed Central

A 75-year-old man was diagnosed with probable Campylobacter jejuni prosthetic knee infection after a diarrheal illness. Joint aspirate and operative cultures were negative, but PCR of prosthesis sonicate fluid was positive, as was stool culture. Nineteen additional cases of Campylobacter prosthetic joint infection reported in the literature are reviewed. PMID:24523462

Vasoo, Shawn; Schwab, Jeramy J.; Cunningham, Scott A.; Robinson, Trisha J.; Cass, Joseph R.; Berbari, Elie F.; Walker, Randall C.; Osmon, Douglas R.

2014-01-01

316

Effect of the surface orientation on the microstructure of bulk Y-Ba-Cu-O joint  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microstructural studies were performed at the joining area between two blocks of Y-Ba-Cu-O bulk superconductors using sintered ErBa 2Cu 3O y (Er123) welding solder when the joined surfaces were parallel to the (1 0 0) and (1 1 0) crystallographic planes. The residual liquid phase and the segregation of second phase particles were always observed in the joint with (1 0 0)/(1 0 0) surfaces, while no such defects were observed in the joint with (1 1 0)/(1 1 0) surfaces. Microstructural observations of the joint at several stages of the joining process showed that the growth front was always parallel to the (1 0 0) joined surfaces for the (1 0 0)/(1 0 0) joint, leading to the segregation of liquid phase and second phase particles. In contrast, many triangular crystals were observed at the (1 1 0)/(1 1 0) joint in that the (1 0 0) facet was tilted about 45° from the (1 1 0) joined surfaces, and thus allowing the complete reaction of the Er123 phase at the joint. Such growth morphology was the source of joint free from residual liquid phase and segregation of second phase that reduce the critical current in the (1 1 0)/(1 1 0) joint.

Yoshioka, J.; Iida, K.; Sakai, N.; Murakami, M.

2002-10-01

317

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES Summer Squash  

E-print Network

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES Summer Squash RECOMMENDED VARIETIES hOW TO STORE QUICK AND EASY SERVING squash. 1 to 1 ¼ pounds one pint frozen summer squash. FOOD SAFETY TIPS Summer Squash Purchase squash not become soggy. FREEZING SUMMER SQUASH SLICES Wash and cut summer squash into 1 ½ -inch slices. Bring about

318

Raspberries Using, Storing and Preserving  

E-print Network

, Royalty and September for fresh use and jams. Select Cumberland (black) and September for freezing. Storage and food safety · Avoid choosing bruised and damaged fruit. · Wash hands before and after handling 1 pint = 1 3/4 cups How to preserve Freezing Select fully ripe, juicy berries. Sort, wash in cold

319

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES  

E-print Network

½ teaspoon of ascorbic acid to each quart of syrup used. Freeze no more than 2 pounds of food per cubic footFOOD PRESERVATION SERIES RECOMMENDED VARIETIES FOOD SAFETY TIPS trim loss QUICK AND EASY SERVING varieties are excellent for canning, freezing or making jam, jellies or pies. Montmorency and North Star

320

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES Winter Squash  

E-print Network

FOOD PRESERVATION SERIES Winter Squash RECOMMENDED VARIETIES hOW TO STORE Winter Squash Michigan, Butternut, Golden Delicious, Hubbard, Spaghetti are recommended for freezing. yield Acorn squash is round be served like pasta. FOOD SAFETY TIPS One pound 1 large acorn squash. 4 half-cup servings. 1 ½ cups mashed

321

Laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case of chronic pancreatitis localized in the head of the pancreas with pancreas divisum was treated by laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The laparoscopic technique of resection and reconstruction with a gastrojejunostomy, hepaticojejunostomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy is described. The postoperative period was complicated by a jejunal ulcer and delayed gastric emptying necessitating a prolonged hospitalization and intravenous hyperalimentation. No fistulas occurred, a

M. Gagner; A. Pomp

1994-01-01

322

Privacy-Preserving Classifier Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an ecient protocol for the privacy-preserving, distributed learning of decision-tree classiers. Our protocol allows a user to construct a classier on a database held by a remote server with- out learning any additional information about the records held in the database. The server does not learn anything about the constructed clas- sier, not even the user's choice of

Justin Brickell; Vitaly Shmatikov

2009-01-01

323

Hybrid Food Preservation Program Improves Food Preservation and Food Safety Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing trend in home food preservation raises concerns about whether the resulting food products will be safe to eat. The increased public demand for food preservation information led to the development of the comprehensive food preservation program, Preserve the Taste of Summer (PTTS). PTTS is a comprehensive hybrid food preservation program…

Francis, Sarah L.

2014-01-01

324

Hip joint replacement - series (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... pain that limits what you can do. Hip joint replacement is usually done in people age 60 and ... Hip joint replacement is surgery to replace all or part of the hip joint with a man-made or artificial ...

325

Pressure vessel flex joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An airtight, flexible joint is disclosed for the interfacing of two pressure vessels such as between the Space Station docking tunnel and the Space Shuttle Orbiter bulkhead adapter. The joint provides for flexibility while still retaining a structural link between the two vessels required due to the loading created by the internal/external pressure differential. The joint design provides for limiting the axial load carried across the joint to a specific value, a function returned in the Orbiter/Station tunnel interface. The flex joint comprises a floating structural segment which is permanently attached to one of the pressure vessels through the use of an inflatable seal. The geometric configuration of the joint causes the tension between the vessels created by the internal gas pressure to compress the inflatable seal. The inflation pressure of the seal is kept at a value above the internal/external pressure differential of the vessels in order to maintain a controlled distance between the floating segment and pressure vessel. The inflatable seal consists of either a hollow torus-shaped flexible bladder or two rolling convoluted diaphragm seals which may be reinforced by a system of straps or fabric anchored to the hard structures. The joint acts as a flexible link to allow both angular motion and lateral displacement while it still contains the internal pressure and holds the axial tension between the vessels.

Kahn, Jon B. (inventor)

1992-01-01

326

Shoulder Joint Replacement  

MedlinePLUS

... These x-rays were taken before and a er total shoulder replacement surgery for osteoarthritis. .org Page ( ... stem. With its bone preserving advantage, it o? ers those with arthritis of the shoulder an alternative ...

327

Effect of faceting on pore geometry in texturally equilibrated rocks: implications for low permeability at low porosity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pore geometry of texturally equilibrated rocks is controlled by the interfacial energy ratio between grain boundaries and solid–liquid boundaries. Faceting at pore walls, which is a common feature of pore networks in rocks, strongly affects the liquid distribution. We investigated the effects of faceting on the equilibrium pore geometries based on image analysis of several systems with various degrees

Takashi Yoshino; Jonathan D. Price; David A. Wark; E. Bruce Watson

2006-01-01

328

Investigation of the facet-dependent performance of ?-Fe2O3 nanocrystals for heavy metal determination by stripping voltammetry.  

PubMed

We find for the first time that the electrochemical performances of the ?-Fe2O3 nanostructures depend on their exposed facets. Density functional theory calculations are carried out to better and scientifically understand the effect of different exposed facets at the atomic-scale level. PMID:24710198

Xu, Wei-Hong; Meng, Qiang-Qiang; Gao, Chao; Wang, Jing; Li, Qun-Xiang; Liu, Jin-Huai; Huang, Xing-Jiu

2014-05-21

329

Observations of oxidation mechanisms and kinetics in faceted FeCo magnetic nanoparticles  

E-print Network

Observations of oxidation mechanisms and kinetics in faceted FeCo magnetic nanoparticles N. J Fe50Co50 97V2Nb1 nanoparticles were synthesized in an induction plasma torch and oxidized of oxidation present at different temperatures. The initial oxide layer was nearly Co-free, beginning at 3 nm

McHenry, Michael E.

330

Consistently Orienting Facets in Polygon Meshes by Minimizing the Dirichlet Energy of Generalized Winding Numbers  

E-print Network

orienting facets in polygon meshes by minimizing the Dirichlet energy of generalized winding numbers. While based on the Dirichlet energy of the generalized winding number. Our motivation came from the fact Dirichlet energy of the corresponding generalized winding number. 2 Method 2.1 Patch extraction

Plotkin, Joshua B.

331

Nanosheet-constructed porous BiOCl with dominant {001} facets for superior photosensitized degradation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Porous BiOCl micro-flowers constructed from ultrathin nanosheets with nearly 100% {001} facets exposed were selectively prepared. The exposed {001} facets terminated with a high density of oxygen atoms and are not only favorable for the adsorption of the cationic dye RhB but also can accumulate the photogenerated electrons injected from excited RhB. These electrons can be captured by O2 and transformed to reactive oxygen species, which possess a strong photooxidative ability to degrade the dye pollutants directly and easily. Therefore, the resultant BiOCl photocatalysts exhibit superior activity for indirect dye photosensitization degradation under visible light, with a rapid degradation rate and high photostability.Porous BiOCl micro-flowers constructed from ultrathin nanosheets with nearly 100% {001} facets exposed were selectively prepared. The exposed {001} facets terminated with a high density of oxygen atoms and are not only favorable for the adsorption of the cationic dye RhB but also can accumulate the photogenerated electrons injected from excited RhB. These electrons can be captured by O2 and transformed to reactive oxygen species, which possess a strong photooxidative ability to degrade the dye pollutants directly and easily. Therefore, the resultant BiOCl photocatalysts exhibit superior activity for indirect dye photosensitization degradation under visible light, with a rapid degradation rate and high photostability. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c2nr32533k

Wang, Dong-Hong; Gao, Gui-Qi; Zhang, Yue-Wei; Zhou, Li-Sha; Xu, An-Wu; Chen, Wei

2012-11-01

332

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets of emotional expressivity: negative  

E-print Network

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets-reports, peer ratings, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 435-448. Other references include: Gross, J.J. (2000). The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire. In J. Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A

Gross, James J.

333

Psychometric and Structural Analysis of the MMPI-2 Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) Facet Subscales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) is a model of personality psychopathology assessed in adult populations with a set of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) scales. The authors examine the reliability and validity of recently developed lower-order facet subscales for each of these five domains, with an emphasis on…

Quilty, Lena C.; Bagby, R. Michael

2007-01-01

334

FACET: A simulation software framework for modeling complex societal processes and interactions  

SciTech Connect

FACET, the Framework for Addressing Cooperative Extended Transactions, was developed at Argonne National Laboratory to address the need for a simulation software architecture in the style of an agent-based approach, but with sufficient robustness, expressiveness, and flexibility to be able to deal with the levels of complexity seen in real-world social situations. FACET is an object-oriented software framework for building models of complex, cooperative behaviors of agents. It can be used to implement simulation models of societal processes such as the complex interplay of participating individuals and organizations engaged in multiple concurrent transactions in pursuit of their various goals. These transactions can be patterned on, for example, clinical guidelines and procedures, business practices, government and corporate policies, etc. FACET can also address other complex behaviors such as biological life cycles or manufacturing processes. To date, for example, FACET has been applied to such areas as land management, health care delivery, avian social behavior, and interactions between natural and social processes in ancient Mesopotamia.

Christiansen, J. H.

2000-06-02

335

Age Differences in Three Facets of Empathy: Performance-Based Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated age differences in cognitive and affective facets of empathy: the ability to perceive another's emotions accurately, the capacity to share another's emotions, and the ability to behaviorally express sympathy in an empathic episode. Participants, 80 younger (Mage = 32 years) and 73 older (Mage = 59 years) adults, viewed eight film clips, each portraying a younger or

David Richter; Ute Kunzmann

2011-01-01

336

Exploring the Relationship between Workaholism Facets and Personality Traits: A Replication in American Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we further explored whether any of the dimensions in the five-factor model of personality (i.e., openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism) were related to facets of workaholism (i.e., work involvement, work drive, and work enjoyment) in a sample of American workers in various…

Aziz, Shahnaz; Tronzo, Casie L.

2011-01-01

337

Facet cutting and hydrogenation of In(2)O(3) nanowires for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting.  

PubMed

Semiconductor nanowires (NWs) are useful building blocks in optoelectronic, sensing, and energy devices and one-dimensional NWs have been used in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting because of the enhanced light absorption and charge transport. It has been theoretically predicted that the {001} facets of body center cubic (bcc) In2O3 nanocrystals can effectively accumulate photogenerated holes under illumination, but it is unclear whether facet cutting of NWs can enhance the efficiency of PEC water splitting. In this work, the photocurrent of square In2O3 NWs with four {001} facets is observed to be an order of magnitude larger than that of cylindrical In2O3 NWs under the same conditions and subsequent hydrogen treatment further promotes the PEC water splitting performance of the NWs. The optimized hydrogenated In2O3 NWs yield a photocurrent density of 1.2 mA/cm(2) at 0.22 V versus Ag/AgCl with a Faradaic efficiency of about 84.4%. The enhanced PEC properties can be attributed to the reduced band gap due to merging of the disordered layer-induced band tail states with the valence band as well as improved separation of the photogenerated electrons/holes between the In2O3 crystal core and disordered layer interface. The results provide experimental evidence of the important role of facet cutting, which is promising in the design and fabrication of NW-based photoelectric devices. PMID:24568166

Meng, Ming; Wu, Xinglong; Zhu, Xiaobin; Zhu, Xiaoshu; Chu, Paul K

2014-03-26

338

Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1  

E-print Network

Towards an Understanding of Facets and Exemplars of Big Data Applications Geoffrey C.Fox1 Big Data applications from a variety of research and commercial areas and suggest a set Big Data properties, and then to understand applications with those properties. There are many

339

Construct Validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Meditating and Nonmeditating Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on assessment of mindfulness by self-report suggests that it may include five component skills: observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging of inner experience, and nonreactivity to inner experience. These elements of mindfulness can be measured with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). The authors…

Baer, Ruth A.; Smith, Gregory T.; Lykins, Emily; Button, Daniel; Krietemeyer, Jennifer; Sauer, Shannon; Walsh, Erin; Duggan, Danielle; Williams, J. Mark G.

2008-01-01

340

Construct Validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Meditating and Nonmeditating Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on assessment of mindfulness by self-report suggests that it may include five component skills: observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging of inner experience, and nonreactivity to inner experience. These elements of mindfulness can be measured with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). The authors investigated several aspects of the construct validity of the FFMQ in experienced meditators and

Ruth A. Baer; Gregory T. Smith; Emily Lykins; Daniel Button; Jennifer Krietemeyer; Shannon Sauer; Erin Walsh; Danielle Duggan; J. Mark G. Williams

2008-01-01

341

Age and Gender Differences in the Relation between Self-Concept Facets and Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested whether the gender intensification hypothesis applies to relations between multiple domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem. This hypothesis predicts gender-stereotypic differences in these relations and assumes they intensify with age. Furthermore, knowledge about gender-related or age-related differences in…

Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus

2014-01-01

342

POLARIMETRIC BISTATIC SIGNATURE OF A FACETED OCTAHEDRON IN HIGH-FREQUENCY DOMAIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the bistatic polarimetric signature of a perfectly conducting faceted octahedron with high dimensions with respect to the wavelength, is considered and a closed form solution for its fast computation is developed. This particular object, composed by eight triangularly shaped trihedral corner reflectors, should exhibit a large bistatic and monostatic Radar Cross Section (RCS) over a wide angular

Gildas Kubicke; Christophe Bourlier; Joseph Saillard

2007-01-01

343

Guttman-Jordan Facet Design and the Study of Law-Related Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of an Attitude-Behavior Scale through an application of Guttman-Jordan facet design is detailed. The attitude scale was constructed to meet the need in law-related education for a valid attitudinal instrument to be used in research settings and in attitude change situations. A legal education program was used as a treatment in a…

Jacobson, Michael; Palonsky, Stuart

344

A LEVEL SET METHOD FOR THE EVOLUTION OF FACETED GIOVANNI RUSSO \\Lambda AND PETER SMEREKA y  

E-print Network

the curvature effects can be modeled by using crystalline curvature; for more details see Taylor [4, 5 approximation by diamonds grown by chemical vapor deposition. The (111) and (100) planes can grow at different numerical method to evolve a faceted seed which gives the correct Wulff shape [25]. A level set method based

Russo, Giovanni

345

Exploring the connections between visual merchandising and retail branding : An application of facet theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – TThe purpose of this paper is to review the literature on facet theory and present an approach to map the relationship between retail branding (particularly brand recognition) and visual merchandising. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Fact theory has been used in other areas of investigation, particularly for the examination of the built environment within psychology. However, it has received little attention

Barry J. Davies; Philippa Ward

2005-01-01

346

Faceting via correlated disorder of a stochastically growing interface or domain boundary  

E-print Network

the effect of screw dislocations or of grain boundaries again. We show that, for interface dimensions d = 1,2 during the growth (or evaporation) e-scale faceting develops, although on a small scale the interface is rough. Exploiting the formal connection...

Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Everts, HU.

1998-01-01

347

Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics,  

E-print Network

Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of current and emerging technologies is indispen- sable to wise and effective decisions and address the problems that technology often presents. Technologi- cal developments are indeed re

Ge, Qiaode Jeff

348

The multiple facets of c-aminobutyric acid dysfunction in epilepsy Yehezkel Ben-Aria  

E-print Network

REVIEW The multiple facets of c-aminobutyric acid dysfunction in epilepsy Yehezkel Ben inhibition to excitation in the developing brain and in epilepsies. This review deals with recent while inhibiting those of the mother. In epilepsies, recurrent seizures also lead to an accumulation

Cossart, Rosa

349

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF QUINCLORAC (FACET) IN AIR SAMPLES  

EPA Science Inventory

Quinclorac (Facet) is a herbicide used on rice crops. Tomato farmers were concerned that aerial spraying of this herbicide was damaging their crops. The University of Arkansas initiated a study of air, soil, and plant material to see if this herbicide had entered these tomato f...

350

FACETS Report for Jan-May, 2007 1. Project summary and management  

E-print Network

, we have included the reporting of the cross-cutting activities within the other activities. 2 coupling of the multiple components that will comprise FACETS. Through a series of conference calls, an initial component interface that will allow implicit coupling has been defined. The design uses

351

A hybrid approach to software repository retrieval: Blending faceted classification and type signatures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a user interface for software reuse repository that relies both on the informal semantics of faceted classification and the formal semantics of type signatures for abstract data types. The result is an interface providing both structural and qualitative feedback to a software reuser.

Eichmann, David A.

1992-01-01

352

Polymer waveguide end facet roughness and optical input/output coupling loss for OPCB applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electro-optical printed circuit board technology (EOCB) based on integrated planar polymer optical waveguides has been the subject of research and development for many years to provide a cost viable, fully integrated system embedded optical interconnect solution, however a number of constraints of this technology have yet to be overcome. Optical coupling loss at the input and output of the waveguides is one of the major issues and waveguide end facet roughness is one of the main sources of the coupling loss which is investigated in this paper. The results of a comprehensive investigation of the end facet roughness of multimode polymer waveguides, fabricated on FR4 printed circuit boards, PCBs, and its effect of optical loss are presented theoretically and experimentally. The waveguide end facet roughness was measured using an atomic force microscope, AFM, when the waveguides were cut using a milling router with various numbers of cutting edges called flutes. The optimized cutting parameters are derived and the optical coupling loss, between the laser source and the waveguide, due to the different roughness magnitudes is measured by experiment for the first time. To improve the surface quality and decrease the waveguide optical loss, a new fabrication technique for reducing the end facet roughness after cutting is proposed and demonstrated. The insertion loss was reduced by 2.60 dB +/- 1.3 dB which is more than that achieved by other conventional methods such as index matching fluid.

Baghsiahi, Hadi; Wang, Kai; Pitwon, Richard; Selviah, David R.

2014-03-01

353

The Steiner tree problem I: Formulations, compositions and extension of facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we give some integer programming formulations for the Steiner tree problem on undirected and directed graphs and study the associated polyhedra. We give some families of facets for the undirected case along with some compositions and extensions. We also give a projection that relates the Steiner tree polyhedron on an undirected graph to the polyhedron for the

Sunil Chopra; M. R. Rao

1994-01-01

354

Unique and Common Facets of Religion and Spirituality: Both Are Important  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary describes a multidimensional approach that underlies much recent empirical research on religion and spirituality (RS) and health. Each faith tradition possesses its own particularities, and common facets shared with other traditions as a coherent resemblance. Taxonomies of RS dimensions vary from being coarse grained to fine grained. The most useful taxonomy depends upon the particular research question. Fine-grained

Doug Oman

2009-01-01

355

Using Self-Report Assessment Methods to Explore Facets of Mindfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the facet structure of mindfulness using five recently developed mindfulness questionnaires. Two large samples of undergraduate students completed mindfulness questionnaires and measures of other constructs. Psychometric properties of the mindfulness questionnaires were examined, including internal consistency and convergent…

Baer, Ruth A.; Smith, Gregory T.; Hopkins, Jaclyn; Krietemeyer, Jennifer; Toney, Leslie

2006-01-01

356

Mind Your Words: Positive and Negative Items Create Method Effects on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mindfulness, a construct that entails moment-to-moment effort to be aware of present experiences and positive attitudinal features, has become integrated into the sciences. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), one popular measure of mindfulness, exhibits different responses to positively and negatively worded items in nonmeditating…

Van Dam, Nicholas T.; Hobkirk, Andrea L.; Danoff-Burg, Sharon; Earleywine, Mitch

2012-01-01

357

Using Planar Facets for Stereovision SLAM Cyrille Berger and Simon Lacroix  

E-print Network

Using Planar Facets for Stereovision SLAM Cyrille Berger and Simon Lacroix Abstract In the context of stereovision SLAM, we propose a way to enrich the landmark models. Vision-based SLAM approaches usually rely. The paper depicts the chosen landmark model, the way to extract and match them, and presents some SLAM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

Motivation as a Facet of School Readiness in a Head Start Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The EZ-Yale Personality Motivation Questionnaire (EZPQ) was used to measure motivation as a facet of school readiness in a sample of 133 children during the spring of their final year of Head Start. Three motivational constructs assessed by the EZPQ, academic mastery motivation, negative reaction tendency, and outerdirectedness, were associated…

Henrich, Christopher C.; Wheeler, Crista M.; Zigler, Edward F.

2005-01-01

359

Facets of Impulsivity Are Differentially Linked to Insomnia: Evidence From an Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the association between insomnia and four facets of impulsivity as distinguished by Whiteside and Lynam (2001): urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation seeking. A sample of 233 university students completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale, the Insomnia Severity Index, and a short questionnaire on sleep-related mentation. Correlational analyses revealed that urgency was related to

Ralph E. Schmidt; Philippe Gay; Martial Van der Linden

2008-01-01

360

Acromioclavicular joint dislocations.  

PubMed

Acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation is a common injury especially among sportsmen. There is still a lack of consensus on whether to conserve or operate type III AC joint dislocations. Even among surgeons inclined to operate AC joint dislocations there is no unanimity on which surgical technique. There are a plethora of choices between mechanical fixation or synthetic materials or biologic anatomic reconstructions. Even among surgeons, there is a choice between open repairs and the latest-arthroscopic reconstructions. This review of AC joint dislocations intends to analyze the available surgical options, a critical analysis of existing literature, actual technique of anatomic repair, and also accompanying complications. PMID:24431027

Babhulkar, Ashish; Pawaskar, Aditya

2014-03-01

361

Anterior glenohumeral joint dislocations.  

PubMed

The glenohumeral joint is the most mobile articulation in the body and the most commonly dislocated diarthroidal joint. Anterior dislocation is by far the most common direction and can lead to instability of the glenohumeral joint, which ranges from subtle increased laxity to recurrent dislocation. Overtime, understanding of anterior shoulder dislocations and the resulting instability has improved. Likewise, significant advances in arthroscopic equipment have allowed use of the arthroscope to address anatomically the various lesions that cause instability. This article reviews the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment of anterior shoulder instability. PMID:18803980

Dodson, Christopher C; Cordasco, Frank A

2008-10-01

362

Facet-dependent catalytic activity of platinum nanocrystals for triiodide reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells.  

PubMed

Platinum (Pt) nanocrystals have demonstrated to be an effective catalyst in many heterogeneous catalytic processes. However, pioneer facets with highest activity have been reported differently for various reaction systems. Although Pt has been the most important counter electrode material for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs), suitable atomic arrangement on the exposed crystal facet of Pt for triiodide reduction is still inexplicable. Using density functional theory, we have investigated the catalytic reaction processes of triiodide reduction over {100}, {111} and {411} facets, indicating that the activity follows the order of Pt(111) > Pt(411) > Pt(100). Further, Pt nanocrystals mainly bounded by {100}, {111} and {411} facets were synthesized and used as counter electrode materials for DSCs. The highest photovoltaic conversion efficiency of Pt(111) in DSCs confirms the predictions of the theoretical study. These findings have deepened the understanding of the mechanism of triiodide reduction at Pt surfaces and further screened the best facet for DSCs successfully. PMID:23670438

Zhang, Bo; Wang, Dong; Hou, Yu; Yang, Shuang; Yang, Xiao Hua; Zhong, Ju Hua; Liu, Jian; Wang, Hai Feng; Hu, P; Zhao, Hui Jun; Yang, Hua Gui

2013-01-01

363

Economic impact and preservation: a case study of the Big Thicket National Preserve in east Texas  

E-print Network

The Big Thicket National Preserve provides an excellent backdrop to test whether there is a correlation between economic impact and preservation. Conflicts over resources and land use blocked the preservation of the park for over forty years...

Powis, Jennifer

2013-02-22

364

Faceting in YBCO [001] High-Angle Tilt Boundaries and Critical current Densities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The [001] high-angle tilt boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) thin films deposited on SrTiO3 (STO) bicrystal substrates have been studied by Scanning Squid (superconducting quantum interference device) Microscopy (SSM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Generally critical current density across a boundary decreases with increasing misorientation. However, misorientation angle is found to be insufficient to predict the Jc behavior of a YBCO grain boundary. The two inclination angles of the adjacent grains are found to be important parameters. In two separate cases of same misoreintation but different inclinations, the boundaries exhibit drastically different superconducting behaviors and this has been observed by SSM imaging of Josephson vortices. The YBCO film boundary is far from an exact copy of the design boundary of the substrate bicrystal template. YBCO boundaries meander due to island formation during film growth. These microscopically wavy boundaries contain straight segments of atomistic facets. Three energetic criteria that affect faceting have been identified. The particular criterion that a facet plane cannot be too deviated from the design boundary plane (N< 28o) explains the strong effect of the design inclination angles on Jc despite extensive faceting. The original scattered values of Jc each obtained from individual fluxes' profiles of the same design boundary are likely to be a bona fide effect corresponding to individual facet having its own Josephson penetration length and Jc value. 1Materials Science Program, APAM, HKSM, Columbia Univ., NY, NY, 2Army Res. Lab, Aldephi, MD,3Texas Superconducting Ctr., Univ. of Houston, TX, +Now at Micron Tech. Boise, ID, *Now at Maxtor Corp., San Jose, CA., SWC, JWHT, and QJ acknowledge the support from National Science Foundation DMR-9803212, 0214650 and the facilities supported by DMR-9809687 & DMR-0213574.

Chan, Siu-Wai; Jin, Qiang; Tsai, Jack W. H.; Tidrow, Steven; Jiang, Qidu

2003-03-01

365

Improved orthopedic arm joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Joint permits smooth and easy movement of disabled arm and is smaller, lighter and less expensive than previous models. Device is interchangeable and may be used on either arm at the shoulder or at the elbow.

Dane, D. H.

1971-01-01

366

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomena is presented. Results of the research to date are summarize...

M. Tinkham

1991-01-01

367

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronics Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics, control and optimization, and electromagnetic phenomena is presented. Results of the research to date are summarize...

M. Tinkham

1987-01-01

368

Joint Services Electronics Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An annual report of the JSEP (Joint Services Electronic Program) in solid state electronics, quantum electronics, information electronics control and optimization and electromagnetic phenomenon is presented. Results of the research to date are summarized ...

M. Tinkham

1985-01-01

369

JOINT SEMINAR FINAL REPORT  

E-print Network

evolving from the Joint Seminar. - Peer-reviewed publications (journals, contribution to anthologies, working papers, proceedings, etc.) - Non peer-reviewed publications (journals, contribution to anthologies Application guidelines Length Clarity Intelligibility Procedures (submission, review, decision) Advising

Fuchs, Clemens

370

Culture - joint fluid  

MedlinePLUS

Joint fluid culture ... fungi, or viruses grow. This is called a culture. If such microorganisms are detected, other tests may ... is no special preparation needed for the lab culture. For information on preparing for the removal of ...

371

Update on Dark Sky Preservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efforts to protect dark skies for astronomy and for the public are accelerating. An increasing number of cities and states are considering and enacting outdoor lighting control ordinances. Examples of such lighting codes and a model code are available from the International Dark-Sky Association's Web page, at www.darksky.org. There will be a major meeting on Preserving the Astronomical Environment,

D. L. Crawford

1998-01-01

372

Digital Preservation: Theory Approaching Practice  

E-print Network

and Planning ? Assistant to the Associate Vice Chancellor for Information Resources, KU Medical Center ? Facilitators University of KansasCNI, Portland, OR, Dec. 7, 2004 Overview ? Digital preservation is the ongoing process of managing data for continuing... Special Focus on the Upstream End of the Cycle ?Appraisal ? Choice of file format ? Choice of storage location / repository ? Metadata Consultation Education University of KansasCNI, Portland, OR, Dec. 7, 2004 Infrastructure & Architecture ? Digital...

Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Warner, Beth Forrest

2004-12-07

373

Joint hypermobility syndrome pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) was initially defined as the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the presence of\\u000a joint laxity and hypermobility in otherwise healthy individuals. It is now perceived as a commonly overlooked, underdiagnosed,\\u000a multifaceted, and multisystemic heritable disorder of connective tissue (HDCT), which shares many of the phenotypic features\\u000a of other HDCTs such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Rodney Grahame

2009-01-01

374

Panel Post & Diagonal Brace Joint Detail; Crossbracing Center Joint ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Panel Post & Diagonal Brace Joint Detail; Crossbracing Center Joint Detail; Chord, Panel Post, Tie Bar, & Diagonal Brace Joint Detail; Chord, Tie Bar, & Crossbracing Joint Detail - Medora Bridge, Spanning East Fork of White River at State Route 235, Medora, Jackson County, IN

375

Colourings and preservatives in food.  

PubMed

Colours and preservatives are only two of the many classes of additives in food but they are of interest because many reported cases of sensitivity involve these two groups of substances. Preservatives present the greatest potential health hazard being, by definition, biologically active. Colours and other additives are required to perform a technological function whilst remaining as biologically inert as possible. Food additives are controlled by the Food and Drugs Act 1955 on the basis of advice from the Food Advisory Committee (FAC). Lists of the permitted preservatives and colourings are available, together with details of restrictions on their uses; this information is continually being updated. Food labelling regulations mean that some information about additives can be determined from the labelling--but even if an additive is not listed on the package, one cannot always assume that it is not present in the product, since additives coming through in the original ingredients need not always be listed. Other exemptions also exist, so there can be no absolute certainty about the presence, or absence, of a specific additive. That information can only be obtained by contacting the manufacturer. PMID:6526689

Denner, W H

1984-12-01

376

Phase-preserved optical elevator  

PubMed Central

The unique superiority of transformation optics devices designed from coordinate transformation is their capability of recovering both ray trajectory and optical path length in light manipulation. However, very few experiments have been done so far to verify this dual-recovery property from viewpoints of both ray trajectory and optical path length simultaneously. The experimental difficulties arise from the fact that most previous optical transformation optics devices only work at the nano-scale; the lack of intercomparison between data from both optical path length and ray trajectory measurement in these experiments obscured the fact that the ray path was subject to a subwavelength lateral shift that was otherwise not easily perceivable and, instead, was pointed out theoretically [B. Zhang et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233903, (2010)]. Here, we use a simple macroscopic transformation optics device of phase-preserved optical elevator, which is a typical birefringent optical phenomenon that can virtually lift an optical image by a macroscopic distance, to demonstrate decisively the unique optical path length preservation property of transformation optics. The recovery of ray trajectory is first determined with no lateral shift in the reflected ray. The phase preservation is then verified with incoherent white-light interferometry without ambiguity and phase unwrapping. PMID:23546046

Luo, Yuan; Zhang, Baile; Han, Tiancheng; Chen, Zhi; Duan, Yubo; Chu, Chia-Wei; Barbastathis, George; Qiu, Cheng Wei

2013-01-01

377

Privacy Preserving Nearest Neighbor Search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data mining is frequently obstructed by privacy concerns. In many cases data is distributed, and bringing the data together in one place for analysis is not possible due to privacy laws (e.g. HIPAA) or policies. Privacy preserving data mining techniques have been developed to address this issue by providing mechanisms to mine the data while giving certain privacy guarantees. In this chapter we address the issue of privacy preserving nearest neighbor search, which forms the kernel of many data mining applications. To this end, we present a novel algorithm based on secure multiparty computation primitives to compute the nearest neighbors of records in horizontally distributed data. We show how this algorithm can be used in three important data mining algorithms, namely LOF outlier detection, SNN clustering, and kNN classification. We prove the security of these algorithms under the semi-honest adversarial model, and describe methods that can be used to optimize their performance. Keywords: Privacy Preserving Data Mining, Nearest Neighbor Search, Outlier Detection, Clustering, Classification, Secure Multiparty Computation

Shaneck, Mark; Kim, Yongdae; Kumar, Vipin

378

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOEpatents

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures.

Ward, Michael E. (Poway, CA); Harkins, Bruce D. (San Diego, CA)

1993-01-01

379

76 FR 60754 - Preserving the Open Internet  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FCC 10-201] Preserving the Open Internet AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...establishing rules to preserve the open Internet. Inadvertently the wrong paragraph was...complaints alleging violations of the open Internet rules. Federal Communications...

2011-09-30

380

SYNERGISTIC WOOD PRESERVATIVES FOR REPLACEMENT OF CCA  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this project was to evaluate the potential synergistic combinations of environmentally-safe biocides as wood preservatives. These wood preservatives could be potential replacements for the heavy-metal based CCA. Didecyldimethylammonium chloride [DDAC] was...

381

7 CFR 782.14 - Identity preservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Identity preservation. 782.14 Section 782.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of...Implementation of the End-Use Certificate Program § 782.14 Identity preservation. (a) The...

2010-01-01

382

Practice and prospects of microbial preservation.  

PubMed

A growing interest in culturable diversity has required microbiologists to think seriously about microbial preservation. In addition to the isolation and cultivation of pure strains, adequate preservation without changes in morphological, physiological and genetic traits is necessary. This review consolidates different methods used for preservation of microorganisms with an emphasis on cryopreservation and lyophilization. The critical points of cryopreservation and lyophilization are highlighted to explain how several extrinsic and intrinsic factors affect the cell survival and recovery during the process of long-term preservation. Factors responsible for alteration in genotypic and phenotypic integrity of cultures during preservation and methods used for their evaluation have been incorporated. We emphasize the importance of depositories and highlight their current funding status. Future areas for preservation research, including cell dormancy, ecosystem and community level preservation and the effects of the viable but non-culturable state on post-preservation recovery of the cells are also discussed. PMID:23083094

Prakash, Om; Nimonkar, Yogesh; Shouche, Yogesh S

2013-02-01

383

Privacy preserving mining of association rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework for mining association rules from transactions consisting of categorical items where the data has been randomized to preserve privacy of individual transactions. While it is feasible to recover association rules and preserve privacy using a straightforward \\

Alexandre V. Evfimievski; Ramakrishnan Srikant; Rakesh Agrawal; Johannes Gehrke

2002-01-01

384

Evaluating Hydrology Preservation of Simplified Terrain Representations  

E-print Network

Evaluating Hydrology Preservation of Simplified Terrain Representations Jonathan Muckella , Marcus network. A quan- titative measurement of how accurately a drainage network captures the hydrology to preserve the important hydrology features. This method and other simplification schemes are then evaluated

Franklin, W. Randolph

385

Fertility Preservation Options After Gonadotoxic Chemotherapy  

PubMed Central

Chemotherapy has the potential to deplete and destroy a woman’s reproductive potential. Although many oncologists are referring women for fertility preservation before chemotherapy, in many cases there is limited time for fertility preservation. This review provides an overview of the impact of cancer and chemotherapy on the ovarian reserve, a summary of methods of fertility preservation prior to chemotherapy, and current knowledge of fertility preservation techniques after gonadotoxic chemotherapy. PMID:24453520

Hyman, Jordana Hadassah; Tulandi, Togas

2013-01-01

386

Privacy-Preserving Linear Fisher Discriminant Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Privacy-preserving data mining enables two or more parties to collaboratively perform data mining while preserving the data\\u000a privacy of the participating parties. So far, various data mining and machine learning algorithms have been enhanced to incorporate\\u000a privacy preservation. In this paper, we propose privacy-preserving solutions for Fisher Discriminant Analysis (FDA) over horizontally\\u000a and vertically partitioned data. FDA is one of

Shuguo Han; Wee Keong Ng

2008-01-01

387

Preservation and sterilization methods of the meniscal allografts: literature review.  

PubMed

Nowadays, there are four types of meniscal allografts known: fresh, cryopreserved, deep-frozen and lyophilized ones but only two of them are widely used in clinical practice. Use of different types of meniscal allografts still remains controversial due to preparation method, their biomechanical properties as well as cost which is connected with processing and storage. The main aim of this review is to present the current status of knowledge concerning meniscal allograft preservation and sterilization, especially the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Authors wanted to show a broad spectrum of methods used and conceptions presented by other authors. The second aim is to gather available information about meniscal preservation and sterilization methods in one paper. Deep-frozen and cryopreserved meniscal allografts are the most frequently used ones in the clinical practice. The use of fresh grafts stays controversial but also has many followers. Lyophilized grafts in turn are not applied at present due to some serious drawbacks including reduction of tensile strength, poor rehydration, graft shrinkage and post-transplantation joint effusion as well as increased risk of meniscal size reduction. An application of sterilizing agents make the meniscal allograft free from the bacteria and viruses, but also it may cause serious structure changes. Therefore, choosing just one ideal method of meniscal allograft preservation and sterilization is complicated and should be based on broad knowledge and experience of surgeon performing the transplantation. PMID:23999650

Mickiewicz, Patrycja; Binkowski, Marcin; Bursig, Henryk; Wróbel, Zygmunt

2014-09-01

388

Constraints on the Preservation of Ferriferous Microfossils  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT:The taphonomy of ancient microbial communities is understood via rare windows of microbes that are successfully entombed and preserved in the fossil record. Laboratory investigations using live bacterial cultures, combined with observations on microfossils preserved in ferriferous oolitic beds formed around 161 million years ago, were used to constrain conditions that are conducive to preservation by mineralization. Lab experiments confirmed

Susan Glasauer; Al Mattes; Andreas Gehring

2012-01-01

389

Preserving Library Materials in the South Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems of preservation and conservation of library materials in the South Pacific, including environmental factors, insect and animal pests, and mishandling. Describes the situation in national, public, and academic libraries in the region; factors in planning library buildings to promote preservation; and preservation efforts at the…

Kivia, Ivarature

1994-01-01

390

Suggested References for Home Food Preservation  

E-print Network

, Alltrista) http://www.homecanning.com/ Kraft Foods, Inc. (makers of SureJell) httpSuggested References for Home Food Preservation USDA and Cooperative Extension So Easy to Preserve Center for Home Food Preservation: http://homefoodpreservation.com USDA Complete Guide to Home Canning

391

Local control of area-preserving maps  

E-print Network

We present a method of control of chaos in area-preserving maps. This method gives an explicit expression of a control term which is added to a given area-preserving map. The resulting controlled map which is a small and suitable modification of the original map, is again area-preserving and has an invariant curve whose equation is explicitly known.

Cristel Chandre; Michel Vittot; Guido Ciraolo

2008-09-01

392

Preservation Assessment and Disaster Response Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the preservation needs unique to small libraries, where the majority of special collections exist. A preservation survey of the Herrick Memorial Library (Wellington, OH) was conducted to ascertain the condition of its 45,000 holdings and develop a practical low-cost disaster plan. Using accepted preservation survey criteria,…

Wisdom, Mark

393

Highly reactive {001} facets of TiO2-based composites: synthesis, formation mechanism and characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most widely investigated metal oxides due to its extraordinary surface, electronic and catalytic properties. However, the large band gap of TiO2 and massive recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs limit its photocatalytic and photovoltaic efficiency. Therefore, increasing research attention is now being directed towards engineering the surface structure of TiO2 at the most fundamental and atomic level namely morphological control of {001} facets in the range of microscale and nanoscale to fine-tune its physicochemical properties, which could ultimately lead to the optimization of its selectivity and reactivity. The synthesis of {001}-faceted TiO2 is currently one of the most active interdisciplinary research areas and demonstrations of catalytic enhancement are abundant. Modifications such as metal and non-metal doping have also been extensively studied to extend its band gap to the visible light region. This steady progress has demonstrated that TiO2-based composites with {001} facets are playing and will continue to play an indispensable role in the environmental remediation and in the search for clean and renewable energy technologies. This review encompasses the state-of-the-art research activities and latest advancements in the design of highly reactive {001} facet-dominated TiO2via various strategies, including hydrothermal/solvothermal, high temperature gas phase reactions and non-hydrolytic alcoholysis methods. The stabilization of {001} facets using fluorine-containing species and fluorine-free capping agents is also critically discussed in this review. To overcome the large band gap of TiO2 and rapid recombination of photogenerated charge carriers, modifications are carried out to manipulate its electronic band structure, including transition metal doping, noble metal doping, non-metal doping and incorporating graphene as a two-dimensional (2D) catalyst support. The advancements made in these aspects are thoroughly examined, with additional insights related to the charge transfer events for each strategy of the modified-TiO2 composites. Finally, we offer a summary and some invigorating perspectives on the major challenges and new research directions for future exploitation in this emerging frontier, which we hope will advance us to rationally harness the outstanding structural and electronic properties of {001} facets for various environmental and energy-related applications.

Ong, Wee-Jun; Tan, Lling-Lling; Chai, Siang-Piao; Yong, Siek-Ting; Mohamed, Abdul Rahman

2014-01-01

394

A Bright Side, Facet Analysis of Histrionic Personality Disorder: The Relationship Between the HDS Colourful Factor and the NEO-PI-R Facets in a Large Adult Sample.  

PubMed

This study looks at "bright-side," Big Five Personality trait correlates of a "dark-side" Personality Disorder, namely Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD). More than 5000 British adults completed the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory-Revised (Costa & McCrae, 1985), which measures the Big Five Personality factors at the Domain (Super Factor) and the Facet (Factor) level, as well as the Hogan Development Survey (HDS; Hogan & Hogan, 2009), which has a measure of HPD, exclusively called "Colourful" in the HDS terminology. Correlation and regression results confirmed many of the associations between these "bright" and "dark" side individual difference variables. The Colourful (HPD) score from the HDS was the criterion variable in all analyses. Colourful individuals are high on Extraversion and Openness, but also Stable and Disagreeable. The Facet analysis identified Assertiveness and Immodesty as particularly characteristic of that type. The study confirmed work on HPD using different population groups and different measures, showing that personality traits are predictable and correlated with various personality disorders. PMID:25280168

Furnham, Adrian

2014-01-01

395

Dissimilar metals joint evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dissimilar metals tubular joints between 2219-T851 aluminum alloy and 304L stainless steel were fabricated and tested to evaluate bonding processes. Joints were fabricated by four processes: (1) inertia (friction) weldings, where the metals are spun and forced together to create the weld; (2) explosive welding, where the metals are impacted together at high velocity; (3) co-extrusion, where the metals are extruded in contact at high temperature to promote diffusion; and (4) swaging, where residual stresses in the metals after a stretching operation maintain forced contact in mutual shear areas. Fifteen joints of each type were prepared and evaluated in a 6.35 cm (2.50 in.) O.D. size, with 0.32 cm (0.13 in.) wall thickness, and 7.6 cm (3.0 in) total length. The joints were tested to evaluate their ability to withstand pressure cycle, thermal cycle, galvanic corrosion and burst tests. Leakage tests and other non-destructive test techniques were used to evaluate the behavior of the joints, and the microstructure of the bond areas was analyzed.

Wakefield, M. E.; Apodaca, L. E.

1974-01-01

396

Distal radioulnar joint injuries  

PubMed Central

Distal radioulnar joint is a trochoid joint relatively new in evolution. Along with proximal radioulnar joint, forearm bones and interosseous membrane, it allows pronosupination and load transmission across the wrist. Injuries around distal radioulnar joint are not uncommon, and are usually associated with distal radius fractures,fractures of the ulnar styloid and with the eponymous Galeazzi or Essex_Lopresti fractures. The injury can be purely involving the soft tissue especially the triangular fibrocartilage or the radioulnar ligaments. The patients usually present with ulnar sided wrist pain, features of instability, or restriction of rotation. Difficulty in carrying loads in the hand is a major constraint for these patients. Thorough clinical examination to localize point of tenderness and appropriate provocative tests help in diagnosis. Radiology and MRI are extremely useful, while arthroscopy is the gold standard for evaluation. The treatment protocols are continuously evolving and range from conservative, arthroscopic to open surgical methods. Isolated dislocation are uncommon. Basal fractures of the ulnar styloid tend to make the joint unstable and may require operative intervention. Chronic instability requires reconstruction of the stabilizing ligaments to avoid onset of arthritis. Prosthetic replacement in arthritis is gaining acceptance in the management of arthritis. PMID:23162140

Thomas, Binu P; Sreekanth, Raveendran

2012-01-01

397

Periprosthetic Joint Infections  

PubMed Central

Implantation of joint prostheses is becoming increasingly common, especially for the hip and knee. Infection is considered to be the most devastating of prosthesis-related complications, leading to prolonged hospitalization, repeated surgical intervention, and even definitive loss of the implant. The main risk factors to periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are advanced age, malnutrition, obesity, diabetes mellitus, HIV infection at an advanced stage, presence of distant infectious foci, and antecedents of arthroscopy or infection in previous arthroplasty. Joint prostheses can become infected through three different routes: direct implantation, hematogenic infection, and reactivation of latent infection. Gram-positive bacteria predominate in cases of PJI, mainly Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. PJIs present characteristic signs that can be divided into acute and chronic manifestations. The main imaging method used in diagnosing joint prosthesis infections is X-ray. Computed tomography (CT) scan may assist in distinguishing between septic and aseptic loosening. Three-phase bone scintigraphy using technetium has high sensitivity, but low specificity. Positron emission tomography using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) presents very divergent results in the literature. Definitive diagnosis of infection should be made by isolating the microorganism through cultures on material obtained from joint fluid puncturing, surgical wound secretions, surgical debridement procedures, or sonication fluid. Success in treating PJI depends on extensive surgical debridement and adequate and effective antibiotic therapy. Treatment in two stages using a spacer is recommended for most chronic infections in arthroplasty cases. Treatment in a single procedure is appropriate in carefully selected cases. PMID:24023542

Lima, Ana Lucia L.; Oliveira, Priscila R.; Carvalho, Vladimir C.; Saconi, Eduardo S.; Cabrita, Henrique B.; Rodrigues, Marcelo B.

2013-01-01

398

Preservation of sweet sorghum biomass  

SciTech Connect

Sweet sorghum stalks (42% sugar, dry basis (d.b.)) and bagasse (10% sugar, d.b.) from a cane mill were stored to preserve sugar. Bagasse and stalks were stored outdoors in sealed containers (anaerobic conditions). Treatments included using carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide atmospheres or surface spraying with propionic acid or aqueous ammonia. Stalks were also stored outdoors under aerobic conditions. Treatments included drying the stalks or spraying with propionic acid. After 200 days, propionic acid (anaerobic) and SO/sub 2/-treated stalks had 34% and 19% of the original sugar remaining, respectively. No other samples had more than 3% of the original sugar remaining. 28 references, 6 tables.

Jasberg, B.K.; Montgomery, R.R.; Anderson, R.A.

1983-01-01

399

It's in the mix: psychological distress differs between combinations of alexithymic facets  

PubMed Central

Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in identifying, describing, and communicating one's emotions. The aim of the present study is to examine the usefulness of a typological approach considering the interaction between distinct alexithymic features within a population of high-alexithymic German adults (N = 217). Latent profile analysis (LPA) was employed to test for possible underlying profiles. A 3-profile solution showed the best fit: The profiles can be described as (1) “low”: lower load on all facets of alexithymia, (2) “mixed”: specific problems on identifying emotions, and (3) “high”: higher load on all facets of alexithymia. Moreover, this study tested how these profiles differed in psychological distress. “Mixed” profile, with specific problems on identifying emotions showed the highest levels of psychological distress. The present study suggests the importance of a specific combination of alexithymic features, rather than total alexithymia scores, as a risk factor for psychological distress.

Alkan Härtwig, Elif; Crayen, Claudia; Heuser, Isabella; Eid, Michael

2014-01-01

400

Associations among childhood abuse and psychopathy facets in male sexual offenders.  

PubMed

In the search for causes of psychopathy, the literature historically focuses on biological and temperamental differences. In comparison, this literature overshadows that of psychosocial risk factors for the development of psychopathy, namely childhood maltreatment. The current study examines the association between specific types of maltreatment (i.e., physical, emotional, sexual abuse, neglect) and PCL-R total and facet scores among a sample of 223 adult men convicted of sexual offenses and evaluated for civil commitment. Results indicate that childhood sexual abuse is associated with higher PCL-R total scores and facets tapping a grandiose and manipulative interpersonal style, impulsive-irresponsible lifestyle, and antisocial behavior. Also, childhood physical abuse and neglect are associated with antisocial behavior. Emotional detachment traits of psychopathy (i.e., lack of empathy, shallow affect) are associated with childhood neglect for child molesters, although rapists scored higher on these traits irrespective of neglect history. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID:22448862

Graham, Nicole; Kimonis, Eva R; Wasserman, Adam L; Kline, Suzonne M

2012-01-01

401

Brief report: relationships between facets of impulsivity and borderline personality features.  

PubMed

Relationships between specific borderline personality disorder (BPD) features and facets of impulsivity (negative and positive urgency, premeditation, perseverance, and sensation seeking) were examined in a sample of 227 undergraduate students, oversampled to include many with elevations on a measure of borderline features. Most facets of impulsivity were positively correlated with borderline features, except for sensation seeking, which showed a mixed pattern of relationships with specific BPD features. In regression models, negative urgency was the strongest predictor of all BPD features scales, including affective instability, identity problems, negative relationships, and self-harm. Premeditation, positive urgency, and sensation seeking demonstrated incremental validity over negative urgency in predicting some BPD features; however, significant beta weights were negative for sensation seeking, suggesting that it may be protective or adaptive for BPD, unlike other forms of impulsivity. This study provides evidence for variation in how types of impulsivity contribute to different BPD features and demonstrates the importance of examining BPD features on the subscale level. PMID:22984862

Peters, Jessica R; Upton, Brian T; Baer, Ruth A

2013-08-01

402

Preservation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC).  

PubMed

Due to their positive features (e.g., increased penetration of actives, re-enforcement of the lipid barrier and increase in skin hydration), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are used in many dermal formulations. These formulations require preservation, and preservatives can impair the physical stability of disperse systems. Therefore, in this study, the influence of preservatives on the physical stability of Q10-loaded NLC was investigated using 11 different preservative mixtures. Whereas for nanosuspensions, only a limited number of preservatives are known from the literature not affecting their physical stability, a surprisingly high number of seven preservatives could be identified to be suitable for the preservation of NLC dispersions. For Q10-loaded NLC, Hydrolite 5 proved to be the best preservative, as it was found surprisingly to stabilize the NLC dispersion. Based on the data, a preservative classification system is suggested and a mechanistic model describing six key parameters affecting the physical stability of NLC could be developed. As most suitable characterization method to screen for suitable preservatives, light microscopy was identified. By being a simple, fast and cost efficient method, even extensive preservative screening studies can be performed very efficiently. PMID:20452422

Obeidat, Wasfy M; Schwabe, Kay; Müller, Rainer H; Keck, Cornelia M

2010-09-01

403

[Organ preservation surgery in pharyngolaryngeal cancer].  

PubMed

Organ preservation surgery is a reasonable name for these types of techniques because it accurately describes the postoperative outcome, which is preservation of the quintessential laryngeal functions: swallowing, respiration without a permanent stoma and speech. In response to the common use of total laryngectomy, the non-surgical approaches have often been referred to as organ preservation strategies. In many institutions, it appears that there are organ preservation strategies and then there is surgery. In our opinion there are both non surgical organ preservation strategies and surgical organ preservation strategies. The key is that in both approaches the goal is to spare the functions of the larynx. In both, the work-ups are very important to analyse 3-dimensional extent of the lesion by nasofibroscopy (laryngeal mobilities), endoscopy and radiology. Organ preservation surgical approach allowed to save the use of radiotherapy for the management of various metachronous second primary tumours. PMID:17137252

Hans, Stéphane; Brasnu, Daniel; Chevalier, Dominique

2006-10-15

404

The dimensionality of self-esteem: II. Hierarchical facet model for revised measurement scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hierarchical facet model of self-esteem proposed by R. J. Shavelson et al was partially tested in a previous study by J. S. Fleming and W. A. Watts . Their 3 factors, which were labeled Self-Regard, Social Confidence, and School Abilities, corresponded to 3 of the 4 dimensions posited by Shavelson et al. Predictions of other individual-difference variables from these

James S. Fleming; Barbara E. Courtney

1984-01-01

405

Mass transport, faceting and behavior of dislocations in GaN  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of threading dislocations during mass transport of GaN was investigated in detail by transmission electron microscopy. Mass transport occurred at the surface. Therefore, growing species are supplied from the in-plane direction. The behavior of threading dislocations was found to be strongly affected by the mass transport process as well as the high crystallographic anisotropy of the surface energy of the facets particular to GaN.

Nitta, S.; Kashima, T.; Kariya, M.; Yukawa, Y.; Yamaguchi, S.; Amano, H.; Akasaki, I.

2000-07-01

406

First results from core-edge parallel composition in the FACETS project  

SciTech Connect

FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations), now in its second year, has achieved its first coupled core-edge transport simulations. In the process, a number of accompanying accomplishments were achieved. These include a new parallel core component, a new wall component, improvements in edge and source components, and the framework for coupling all of this together. These accomplishments were a result of an interdisciplinary collaboration among computational physics, computer scientists, and applied mathematicians on the team.

Cary, John R. [Tech-X Corporation; Candy, Jeff [General Atomics; Cohen, Ronald H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Krasheninnikov, Sergei [University of California, San Diego; McCune, Douglas [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Estep, Donald J [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Larson, Jay [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Malony, Allen [University of Oregon; Pankin, A. [Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA; Worley, Patrick H [ORNL; Carlsson, Johann [Tech-X Corporation; Hakim, A H [Tech-X Corporation; Hamill, P [Tech-X Corporation; Kruger, Scott [Tech-X Corporation; Miah, Mahmood [Tech-X Corporation; Muzsala, S [Tech-X Corporation; Pletzer, Alexander [Tech-X Corporation; Shasharina, Svetlana [Tech-X Corporation; Wade-Stein, D [Tech-X Corporation; Wang, N [Tech-X Corporation; Balay, Satish [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); McInnes, Lois [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Zhang, Hong [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Casper, T. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Diachin, Lori [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Epperly, Thomas [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Rognlien, T. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Fahey, Mark R [ORNL; Cobb, John W [ORNL; Morris, A [University of Oregon; Shende, Sameer [University of Oregon; Hammett, Greg [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Indireshkumar, K [Tech-X Corporation; Stotler, D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Pigarov, A [University of California, San Diego

2008-01-01

407

First results from core-edge parallel composition in the FACETS project.  

SciTech Connect

FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations), now in its second year, has achieved its first coupled core-edge transport simulations. In the process, a number of accompanying accomplishments were achieved. These include a new parallel core component, a new wall component, improvements in edge and source components, and the framework for coupling all of this together. These accomplishments were a result of an interdisciplinary collaboration among computational physics, computer scientists, and applied mathematicians on the team.

Cary, J. R.; Candy, J.; Cohen, R. H.; Krasheninnikov, S.; McCune, D. C.; Estep, D. J.; Larson, J.; Malony, A. D.; Pankin, A.; Worley, P. H.; Carlsson, J. A.; Hakim, A. H.; Hamill, P.; Kruger, S.; Miah, M.; Muzsala, S.; Pletzer, A.; Shasharina, S.; Wade-Stein, D.; Wang, N.; Balay, S.; McInnes, L.; Zhang, H.; Casper, T.; Diachin, L. (Mathematics and Computer Science); (Tech-X Corp.); (General Atomics); (LLNL); (Univ. of California at San Diego); (Princeton Plasma Physics Lab.); (Colorado State Univ.); (ParaTools Inc.); (Lehigh Univ.); (ORNL)

2008-01-01

408

Genographic's Legacy: Preservation and Projections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, the fourth in a set of lessons exploring migration, genetic markers, markers in context, and the Genographic Project (a five-year study of human origins and migration based on genetic markers), students will learn what the Genographic Project will leave for future generations, both in cultural preservation and knowledge of our common ancestry and make educated projections about our common future. They will examine why the timing of the project is critical. Students will consider ways in which the project is impacted by scientific and technological advancements, which make such a study feasible for the first time in human history. They will consider the impact of increasing globalization, which makes collecting and interpreting the project data more challenging. Students will assume the role of a researcher in the project tasked with documenting the contributions indigenous groups have made to the story of the human journey. They will understand why indigenous communities play such a crucial role in unlocking the secrets of our common ancestry, examine how those communities are being threatened, make projections about future challenges to their ways of life, and consider how research such as the Genograhic Project can play a role in preserving them.

409

Fertility Preservation in Gynecological Cancers  

PubMed Central

For cancers of reproductive system in women, fertility preservation is complex. Fertility is also affected by therapies, however prevention is possible. Radiotherapy affects gonads, uterus, and subsequent pregnancy outcomes in all ages. However, degree and damage depend on dose, irradiation field, and age at the time of exposure. Ovarian transposition is considered if ovarian involvement is unlikely. Gonadotoxic effects of chemotherapy are related to agent’s type, cumulative doses, age, and ovarian reserve. Some agents are highly toxic. Rendering follicular development quiescent by suppression of gonadotropins does reduce the ovarian damage. Simple or radical trachelectomy can be used in early cervical cancer. Fertility saving surgery is possible only in early stage low grade epithelial cancers of the ovary, however, in germ cell tumors even in advanced stages it may be possible to preserve fertility. There are no standard recommendations for endometrial cancer. Embryo, oocyte, and ovarian tissue cryopreservation are possible. The human embryo is very resistant to damage. In view of these possibilities, it is advocated that attention to long term health and quality of life in gonadotoxic therapy must be incorporated into plans as early as possible. PMID:24453519

Chhabra, Shakuntala; Kutchi, Imran

2013-01-01

410

Context-preserving visual links.  

PubMed

Evaluating, comparing, and interpreting related pieces of information are tasks that are commonly performed during visual data analysis and in many kinds of information-intensive work. Synchronized visual highlighting of related elements is a well-known technique used to assist this task. An alternative approach, which is more invasive but also more expressive is visual linking in which line connections are rendered between related elements. In this work, we present context-preserving visual links as a new method for generating visual links. The method specifically aims to fulfill the following two goals: first, visual links should minimize the occlusion of important information; second, links should visually stand out from surrounding information by minimizing visual interference. We employ an image-based analysis of visual saliency to determine the important regions in the original representation. A consequence of the image-based approach is that our technique is application-independent and can be employed in a large number of visual data analysis scenarios in which the underlying content cannot or should not be altered. We conducted a controlled experiment that indicates that users can find linked elements in complex visualizations more quickly and with greater subjective satisfaction than in complex visualizations in which plain highlighting is used. Context-preserving visual links were perceived as visually more attractive than traditional visual links that do not account for the context information. PMID:22034344

Steinberger, Markus; Waldner, Manuela; Streit, Marc; Lex, Alexander; Schmalstieg, Dieter

2011-12-01

411

Is My Network Module Preserved and Reproducible?  

PubMed Central

In many applications, one is interested in determining which of the properties of a network module change across conditions. For example, to validate the existence of a module, it is desirable to show that it is reproducible (or preserved) in an independent test network. Here we study several types of network preservation statistics that do not require a module assignment in the test network. We distinguish network preservation statistics by the type of the underlying network. Some preservation statistics are defined for a general network (defined by an adjacency matrix) while others are only defined for a correlation network (constructed on the basis of pairwise correlations between numeric variables). Our applications show that the correlation structure facilitates the definition of particularly powerful module preservation statistics. We illustrate that evaluating module preservation is in general different from evaluating cluster preservation. We find that it is advantageous to aggregate multiple preservation statistics into summary preservation statistics. We illustrate the use of these methods in six gene co-expression network applications including 1) preservation of cholesterol biosynthesis pathway in mouse tissues, 2) comparison of human and chimpanzee brain networks, 3) preservation of selected KEGG pathways between human and chimpanzee brain networks, 4) sex differences in human cortical networks, 5) sex differences in mouse liver networks. While we find no evidence for sex specific modules in human cortical networks, we find that several human cortical modules are less preserved in chimpanzees. In particular, apoptosis genes are differentially co-expressed between humans and chimpanzees. Our simulation studies and applications show that module preservation statistics are useful for studying differences between the modular structure of networks. Data, R software and accompanying tutorials can be downloaded from the following webpage: http://www.genetics.ucla.edu/labs/horvath/CoexpressionNetwork/ModulePreservation. PMID:21283776

Langfelder, Peter; Luo, Rui; Oldham, Michael C.; Horvath, Steve

2011-01-01

412

Treating personality-relationship transactions with respect: narrow facets, advanced models, and extended time frames.  

PubMed

Contrary to premises of dynamic transactionism, most studies investigating personality-relationship transaction only found personality effects on relationships but failed to find effects of relationship experiences on personality development. The current study reconsiders this issue in 3 ways. First, alongside the broad Big Five characteristics (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness), specific personality facets were considered to make comparisons with relationships more symmetric. Second, a recent extension of latent change modeling was applied allowing for a theoretically more appropriate model that compensates for the shortcomings of traditionally used cross-lagged panel or growth curve models. Third, personality-relationship transaction was studied from young adulthood to midlife using a 15-year longitudinal study with 654 German adults. Results showed patterns of personality-relationship transaction with the romantic partner, friends, kin, and other interaction partners. Specifically, the development of Neuroticism, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness and their facets was closely interacting with partner and friend relationships, underlining the importance of these relationships for personality maturation during the adult years. We conclude that relationship effects have often been underestimated in previous studies. They are not bound to specific developmental periods, such as emerging adulthood, but their detection depends on the modeling approach and the analysis level (broad dimensions vs. facets). Relationship effects are most likely to occur in relationships that reflect self-selected life styles and circumstances. PMID:25090133

Mund, Marcus; Neyer, Franz J

2014-08-01

413

Ga-polar GaN nanocolumn arrays with semipolar faceted tips  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Selective area growth of GaN nanocolumns (NCs) by molecular beam epitaxy on laser ablated pre-patterned GaN(0001) templates is shown to provide regular arrays of Ga-polar NCs. The Ga diffusion-assisted growth mechanism is analyzed and the experiments suggest that the effective growth conditions vary with the height of the NCs due to Ga diffusion on the mask and the NC sidewalls, ranging from N-rich up to stoichiometry. The obtained morphology with semipolar facets at the tip is discussed within the framework of equilibrium thermodynamics, which provides a consistent picture also for the growth of N-polar NCs with flat tips. The structural investigation reveals almost defect-free semipolar \\{1\\overline {1}02\\} GaN facets at the top of the NCs, which is known to be a promising way of producing templates for nanoscale semipolar GaN-based heterostructures. Almost no polarization discontinuity is expected for InxGa1-xN/GaN interfaces on such facets.

Urban, A.; Malindretos, J.; Klein-Wiele, J.-H.; Simon, P.; Rizzi, A.

2013-05-01

414

Acute sciatica and progressive neurological deficit secondary to facet synovial cysts: A report of two cases.  

PubMed Central

Objective: To describe two patients with lumbar facet synovial cysts causing sciatica and progressive neurological deficit. Clinical Features: A 52-year-old female with bilateral sciatica and a neurological deficit that progressed to a foot drop; and a 54-year-old female with worsening sciatica and progressive calf weakness were seen at a major tertiary care centre. Diagnostic imaging studies revealed the presence of spinal nerve root impingement by large facet synovial cysts. Interventions and Outcomes: Activity modification, gabapentinoid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications were unsuccessful in ameliorating either patient’s symptoms. One patient had been receiving ongoing lumbar chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy despite the onset of a progressive neurological deficit. Both patients eventually required surgery to remove the cyst and decompress the affected spinal nerve roots. Conclusion: Patients with acute sciatica who develop a progressive neurological deficit while under care, require prompt referral for axial imaging and surgical consultation. Primary care spine clinicians need to be aware of lumbar facet synovial cysts as a possible cause of acute sciatica and the associated increased risk of the patient developing a progressive neurological deficit. PMID:22997467

Arthur, Brian; Lewkonia, Peter; Quon, Jeffrey A.; Street, John; Bishop, Paul B.

2012-01-01

415

Facets of career satisfaction for women physicians in the United States: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Women make up a growing proportion of the physician workforce, and their career satisfaction may affect their health. The authors hypothesized that many facets adversely affecting career satisfaction in women physicians were extrinsic, therefore, preventable or modifiable. The authors conducted a systematic review of the literature in English published through February 2010 to examine facets of career satisfaction of U.S. women physicians. The authors used the women physician AND job satisfaction OR career satisfaction Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms, and reviewed bibliographies of key articles to ensure inclusion of relevant studies. The authors used the "Strengthening the Reporting of Observation Studies in Epidemiology" quality tool. Of an initial 1,000 studies, only 30 met the inclusion criteria. Facets reported most frequently to influence career satisfaction for women physicians were income/prestige, practice characteristics, and personal/family characteristics. Overall, career satisfaction for women and men physicians was 73.4% (range = 56.4% to 90%) and 73.2% (range = 59% to 90%), respectively. When compared with men, women physicians were more concerned with perceived lack of time for relationships with patients, colleagues, and family; less satisfied with mentoring relationships and support from all sources; and less satisfied with career-advancement opportunities, recognition, and salary. Career satisfaction can affect health, as well as health and safety of patients. Many factors adversely affecting career satisfaction for women physicians are extrinsic and, therefore, modifiable. PMID:22591235

Rizvi, Rabab; Raymer, Lindsay; Kunik, Mark; Fisher, Joslyn

2012-01-01

416

Coherent, focus-corrected imaging of optical fiber facets using a single-pixel detector.  

PubMed

A novel imaging technique that produces accurate amplitude and phase images of an optical fiber facet using only a phase-only liquid-crystal on silicon (LCOS) spatial light modulator (SLM) and a single-pixel detector is presented. The system can take images in two orthogonal polarizations and so provides a powerful tool for modal characterization of multimode fibers, which is of increasing importance due to their burgeoning use in telecommunications and medical applications. This technique first uses a simulated annealing algorithm to compute a hologram that collects light from a small region of the fiber facet. Next, the fiber facet is automatically brought into focus using adaptive aberration correction on the SLM. Finally, a common-path interferometer is created using the SLM, and the phase of the optical field at each pixel is determined. Finally, high-definition amplitude and phase images of a ring-core refractive index fiber are presented as a proof-of-principle demonstration of the technique. PMID:25361149

Gordon, George S D; Feng, Feng; Kang, Qiongyue; Jung, Yongmin; Sahu, Jayanta; Wilkinson, Timothy

2014-10-15

417

(100) facets of ?-Al2O3: the active surfaces for alcohol dehydration reactions  

SciTech Connect

Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of ethanol, and methanol dehydration reaction were studied on ?-Al2O3 in order to identify the catalytic active sites for alcohol dehydration reactions. Two high temperature (> 473 K) desorption features were observed following ethanol adsorption. Samples calcined at T?473 K displayed a desorption feature in the 523-533 K temperature range, while those calcined at T ? 673 K showed a single desorption feature at 498 K. The switch from the high to low temperature ethanol desorption correlated well with the dehydroxylation of the (100) facets of ?-Al2O3 that was predicted at 550 K DFT calculations. Theoretical DFT simulations of the mechanism of dehydration. on clean and hydroxylated ?-Al2O3(100) surfaces, find that a concerted elimination of ethylene from an ethanol molecule chemisorbed at an Al3+ pentacoordinated site is the rate limiting step for catalytic cycle on both surfaces. Furthermore, titration of the pentacoordinate Al3+ sites on the (100) facets of ?-Al2O3 by BaO completely turned off the methanol dehydration reaction activity. These results unambiguously demonstrate that only the (100) facets on ?-Al2O3 are the catalytic active surfaces for alcohol dehydration.

Kwak, Ja Hun; Mei, Donghai; Peden, Charles HF; Rousseau, Roger J.; Szanyi, Janos

2011-05-01

418

A Structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd 3Sc 2Al 3O 12, Gd 3Sc 2Ga 3O 12, and La 3Lu 2Ga 3O 12  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The crystal structures of facet and off-facet parts of rare-earth garnets Gd 3Sc 2Al 3O 12 (GSAG), Gd 3Sc 2Ga 3O 12 (GSGG), and La 3Lu 2Ga 3O 12 (LLGG) have been refined with the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. The crystals are cubic with the space group Ia3 d, containing eight formula units in a unit cell. The final weighted reliability factors are 0.014, 0.017, and 0.020 for 1786, 2318, and 2331 reflections of the facet parts of GSAG, GSGG, and LLGG, respectively, and 0.014, 0.017, and 0.019 for 2143, 2190, and 2420 reflections of the off-facet parts of the respective crystals. The bond lengths between the tetrahedral cations ( T) and the oxygen atoms in GSAG and GSGG as well as those between the dodecahedral cations ( M viii) and oxygen atoms in all the examined crystals are in accordance with the sums of ionic radii both in facet and off-facet parts, whereas the octahedral cations ( M vi) in all the crystals and the tetrahedral cation in LLGG have bond lengths longer than the sums of the ionic radii. A cation replacement at the T sites was not observed, whereas the M vi and M viii sites were revealed to be partly replaced by cations with smaller ionic radii.

Yamazaki, Satoru; Marumo, Fumiyuki; Tanaka, Kiyoaki; Morikawa, Hideki; Kodama, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Kenji; Miyazawa, Yasuto

1994-01-01

419

Evolving flexible joint morphologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transferring virtual robotic designs into physical robots has become possible with the development of 3D printers. Accurately simulating the performance of real robots in a virtual environment requires modeling a variety of conditions, including the physical composition of the robots themselves. In this paper, we investigate how modeling material flexibility through the use of a passive joint affects the resulting

Jared M. Moore; Philip K. McKinley

2012-01-01

420

Joint Durability The problem?  

E-print Network

;Interfacial Zone? #12;Walking a Cliff Edge · In situ air content · w/cm · Saturation · Salts #12;Base Permeability #12;An Example #12;So · Water has to be prevented from saturating the concrete · Prevent water from ponding in the joint · Prevent water from penetrating from the base · Permeability of the concrete

421

Sustainable molecular oxygen activation with oxygen vacancies on the {001} facets of BiOCl nanosheets under solar light.  

PubMed

We demonstrate that oxygen vacancies on the {001} facets of BiOCl nanosheets can more sustainably activate molecular oxygen for organic pollutant removal under solar light than the TiO2 counterparts. The oxygen vacancies on the {001} facets of BiOCl nanosheets are effectively refreshed by UV light, and are also responsible for the efficient utilization of visible light to activate molecular oxygen, accounting for their long term stability and high efficiency. PMID:25329732

Li, Hao; Shi, Jingu; Zhao, Kun; Zhang, Lizhi

2014-11-01

422

Fundamental-transverse-mode high-power AlGaInP laser diode with windows grown on facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The window-grown-on-facet (WGF) structure was first implemented to high power fundamental-transverse-mode AlGaInP lasers so as to reduce facet degradation. A kink-free CW maximum output power of 295 mW, about twice as much as for an identical non-WGF laser, was achieved at the wavelength of 680 mm; and fundamental-transverse-mode operation up to 150 mW was confirmed. Front and rear window layers

Masanori Watanabe; Kentaro Tani; Kosei Takahashi; Kazuaki Sasaki; Hiroshi Nakatsu; Masahiro Hosoda; Sadayoshi Matsui; Osamu Yamamoto; Saburo Yamamoto

1995-01-01

423

Faceted Ranking in Collaborative Tagging Systems - Efficient Algorithms for Ranking Users based on a Set of Tags  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimedia content is uploaded, tagged and recommended by users of collaborative systems such as YouTube and Flickr. These systems can be represented as tagged-graphs, where nodes correspond to users and tagged- links to recommendations. In this paper we analyze the online computation of user-rankings associated to a set of tags, called a facet. A simple approach to faceted ranking is

José Ignacio Orlicki; Pablo Ignacio Fierens; J. Ignacio Alvarez-hamelin

2009-01-01

424

Joints in a Cornstarch Analog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Joints are very important to problems in applied geology (fluid flow, slope stability), but three-dimensional exposures of simple joint sets are not readily accessible from my campus. I developed this exercise based on the experiments of Miller (2001) to give students hands-on practice describing and interpreting joints. For the exercise, I prepare a cornstarch-water mixture a few days in advance and pour it into plastic petri dishes. I add a "flaw" to each dish (typically a small pebble). As the cornstarch dries, vertical joints develop. In class, each group of 3-4 students is provided a petri dish of desiccated cornstarch. Students are asked to draw a map of the joints, paying particular attention to intersection angles. (The joints curve to intersect at 90 degrees.) They determine relative ages of the joints using abutting relationships. (Typically 3-6 generations of joints.) Students next dissect the sample and describe the surface textures of the larger joints and the location of the flaw. The cornstarch produces beautiful plumose structure (hackles). Students then interpret the joint propagation direction from the surface textures, and note the origin of the joint. (Typically, a first- or second-generation joint initiates at the flaw.) Students discuss the role of flaws in the initiation of joints in their groups.

Crider, Juliet

425

City of Seattle Historic Preservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the city of Seattle began an ambitious project to survey and inventory historic resources across the entire municipality. The last such project took place in 1979 and taken together, these efforts offer excellent documentation of the built environment. The database here includes over 5,000 properties and visitors can search through the entire collection by address, parcel number, property attribute (such as date of construction), and a number of other fields. The Context Statements area is a great way to learn about the methodologies and basic findings utilized to cover each neighborhood. Historic preservation specialists will find that the statements are extremely detailed in terms of resources used to create such a narrative profile. The site also includes a Glossary of Terms that covers "acquisition type" to "year of construction."

426

Morphotectonic evolution of triangular facets and wine-glass valleys in the Noakoh anticline, Zagros, Iran: Implications for active tectonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Noakoh anticline is located in Kermanshah province and is part of the Simply Folded Belt of Zagros. Boundaries of 97 triangular facets and 67 wine-glass (W-G) valleys, which formed on anticline limbs, were delineated using Quickbird satellite imagery. The strata dip (D), area (A), base length (BL), topographic slope (S) of facets, the maximum width (M), outlet width (O) and ratio of maximum width to outlet width (W index) of W-G valleys were analysed in detail. Noakoh anticline was subdivided into 9 tectonic zones on the basis of dip, topographic slopes and width of limbs. Results show that there are strong positive correlations between means of D-BL and S-BL pairs. Poor positive correlations exist between means of D-A and S-A pairs. Among W-G valley metrics, the W index has strong relations with D and S parameters. Based on the results, steep facets with long bases and well developed W-G valleys with narrow outlets and wide upper parts are associated with more rotated limbs having steep slopes. Facets on the northeastern slope have more forest cover, micro-organism activity, karstic features and soil cover, whereas facets on relatively drier southwestern slope are characterized by physical weathering processes and minor karstic landforms. This study demonstrates that, apart from tectonic activity as a major control on the morphometry of facets and valleys, climate and slope aspect have also acted as secondary factors on the development of the studied landforms.

Bahrami, Shahram

2012-07-01

427

Spontaneous resolution of symptoms associated with a facet synovial cyst in an adult female - a case report  

PubMed Central

Background: Facet cysts are implicated in neural compression in the lumbar spine. Surgery is the definitive treatment for symptomatic facet cysts since the failure rate for conservative treatment is quite high; however, the role of physical/manual medicine practitioners in the management of symptomatic facet cysts has not been well explored. This case report will add to the body of evidence of spontaneous resolution of symptoms associated with facet cysts in the chiropractic literature. Case: A 58 year old female presented with acute low back and right leg pain which she attributed to a series of exercise classes that involved frequent foot stomping. Physical examination did not elicit any objective evidence of radiculopathy but MRI and CT scans revealed a facet cyst impinging on the right L5 nerve root. Injections and surgery were recommended; however, the patient’s radicular symptoms completely resolved after three months without surgical intervention. Summary: There is currently a paucity of data in the literature regarding the chiropractor’s role in the management of symptomatic facet cysts. The case presented here has added to this literature and possible areas for future research have been explored. PMID:23483069

Ngo, Trung; Decina, Philip; Hsu, William

2013-01-01

428

MIGRATION DES JOINTS DE GRAINS LA MIGRATION DES JOINTS INTERGRANULAIRES  

E-print Network

MIGRATION DES JOINTS DE GRAINS LA MIGRATION DES JOINTS INTERGRANULAIRES O. DIMITROV Centre d nombre de faits fondamentaux concernant la migration des joints de grains sont brièvement rappelés considérant les forces qui provoquent ou qui freinent la migration. L'évolution des modèles proposés pour

Boyer, Edmond

429

Decoupled Control of Flexure Jointed Hexapods Using Estimated Joint Space  

E-print Network

1 Decoupled Control of Flexure Jointed Hexapods Using Estimated Joint Space Mass-Inertia Matrix of flexure jointed hexapods (or Stewart platforms), a new decoupling method is proposed. The new decoupling. Keywords Vibration isolation, decoupling control, Stewart platform, precision robots, hexapod, symmetric

Chen, Yixin

430

Soft Tissue Preservation in Terrestrial Mesozoic Vertebrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exceptionally preserved fossils -- i.e., those that retain, in some manner, labile components of organisms that are normally degraded far too quickly to enter the fossil record -- hold the greatest potential for understanding aspects of the biology of long-extinct animals and are the best targets for the search for endogenous biomolecules. Yet the modes of preservation of these labile components, and exactly what remains of the original composition, are not well understood. Here, I review a selection of cases of soft tissue preservation in Mesozoic vertebrates, examine chemical and environmental factors that may influence such preservation, explore the potential of these fossils for high-resolution analytical studies, and suggest clarification of terminologies and criteria for determining the endogeneity of source and the degree of preservation of these well-preserved tissues.

Schweitzer, Mary Higby

2011-05-01

431

Shoulder Joint For Protective Suit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Shoulder joint allows full range of natural motion: wearer senses little or no resisting force or torque. Developed for space suit, joint offers advantages in protective garments for underwater work, firefighting, or cleanup of hazardous materials.

Kosmo, Joseph J.; Smallcombe, Richard D.

1994-01-01

432

Rolling contact orthopaedic joint design  

E-print Network

Arthroplasty, the practice of rebuilding diseased biological joints using engineering materials, is often used to treat severe arthritis of the knee and hip. Prosthetic joints have been created in a "biomimetic" manner to ...

Slocum, Alexander Henry, Jr

2013-01-01

433

Nodular fasciitis of the hand: excision preserving 'vital' structures.  

PubMed

Nodular fasciitis is an extremely rare benign fibrous tumour of the hand. Although benign, the tumour is frequently adherent to tendons/nerves and joints of the hand. However, the tumour may spontaneously regress and does not tend to recur following excision with histologically positive margins. For the last 20 years, the author has adopted a specific management approach for these and other benign fibrous tumours of the hand. Following the clinical/radiological diagnosis, tumour excision is done preserving 'vital' structures within the hand. The diagnosis is confirmed histologically and by immune stains, and the patient is then followed up for local recurrence. Over a 20-year period, the author has treated four cases of nodular fasciitis of the hand using this management approach. Despite the positive margins in all cases, there were no recurrences at a minimum follow-up interval of 3 years. PMID:24080437

Al-Qattan, M M; Arafah, M M

2014-10-01

434

Double slotted socket spherical joint  

DOEpatents

A new class of spherical joints is disclosed. These spherical joints are capable of extremely large angular displacements (full cone angles in excess of 270.degree.), while exhibiting no singularities or dead spots in their range of motion. These joints can improve or simplify a wide range of mechanical devices.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-05-22

435

Phase 1 Program Joint Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report consists of inputs from each of the Phase I Program Joint Working Groups. The Working Groups were tasked to describe the organizational structure and work processes that they used during the program, joint accomplishments, lessons learned, and applications to the International Space Station Program. This report is a top-level joint reference document that contains information of interest to both countries.

Nield, George C. (Editor); Vorobiev, Pavel Mikhailovich (Editor)

1999-01-01

436

The Challenges of Joint Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the concept of joint at- tention and the dierent skills underlying its development. We argue that joint attention is much more than gaze following or simul- taneous looking because it implies a shared intentional relation to the world. The current state-of-the-art in robotic and computational models of the dierent prerequisites of joint attention is discussed in relation

Frederic Kaplan; Verena V. Hafner

2004-01-01

437

Anatase TiO2 nanocrystals with exposed {001} facets on graphene sheets via molecular grafting for enhanced photocatalytic activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Owing to their extensive practical applications and fundamental importance, the controllable synthesis of well-faceted anatase TiO2 crystal with high percentage of reactive facets has attracted increasing attention. Here, nano-sized anatase TiO2 sheets mainly dominated by {001} facets had been prepared on graphene sheets by using a facile solvothermal synthetic route. The percentage of {001} facets in TiO2 nanosheets was calculated to be ca. 64%. The morphologies, structural properties, growth procedures and photocatalytic activities of the resultant TiO2/graphene nanocomposites were investigated. In comparison with commercial P25 and pure TiO2 nanosheets, the composite exhibited significant improvement in photocatalytic degradation of the azo dye Rhodamine B under visible light irradiation. The enhancement of photocatalytic activity and stability was attributed to the effective charge anti-recombination of graphene and the high catalytic activity of {001} facets.Owing to their extensive practical applications and fundamental importance, the controllable synthesis of well-faceted anatase TiO2 crystal with high percentage of reactive facets has attracted increasing attention. Here, nano-sized anatase TiO2 sheets mainly dominated by {001} facets had been prepared on graphene sheets by using a facile solvothermal synthetic route. The percentage of {001} facets in TiO2 nanosheets was calculated to be ca. 64%. The morphologies, structural properties, growth procedures and photocatalytic activities of the resultant TiO2/graphene nanocomposites were investigated. In comparison with commercial P25 and pure TiO2 nanosheets, the composite exhibited significant improvement in photocatalytic degradation of the azo dye Rhodamine B under visible light irradiation. The enhancement of photocatalytic activity and stability was attributed to the effective charge anti-recombination of graphene and the high catalytic activity of {001} facets. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Calculational details; UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra; photocatalytic decomposition data; and detailed data of pure TiO2 nanosheets. See DOI: 10.1039/c1nr11411e

Sun, Lei; Zhao, Zhenlu; Zhou, Yunchun; Liu, Li

2012-01-01

438

Joint hypermobility syndrome pain.  

PubMed

Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) was initially defined as the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the presence of joint laxity and hypermobility in otherwise healthy individuals. It is now perceived as a commonly overlooked, underdiagnosed, multifaceted, and multisystemic heritable disorder of connective tissue (HDCT), which shares many of the phenotypic features of other HDCTs such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Whereas the additional flexibility can confer benefits in terms of mobility and agility, adverse effects of tissue laxity and fragility can give rise to clinical consequences that resonate far beyond the confines of the musculoskeletal system. There is hardly a clinical specialty to be found that is not touched in one way or another by JHS. Over the past decade, it has become evident that of all the complications that may arise in JHS, chronic pain is arguably the most menacing and difficult to treat. PMID:19889283

Grahame, Rodney

2009-12-01

439

Joint Venture Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joint venture marketing links a for profit organization with a non-profit organization for their mutual benefit. Since American Express launched its 1981 Statue of Liberty\\/Ellis Island campaign, the strategy has proliferated among all types of health care organizations, manufacturers and even financial and educational institutions. With the successes have come concerns about non-profits having to compromise their integrity, the elimination

Nora Ganin Barnes

1991-01-01

440

Jointly Poisson processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

What constitutes jointly Poisson processes remains an unresolved issue. This\\u000areport reviews the current state of the theory and indicates how the accepted\\u000abut unproven model equals that resulting from the small time-interval limit of\\u000ajointly Bernoulli processes. One intriguing consequence of these models is that\\u000ajointly Poisson processes can only be positively correlated as measured by the\\u000acorrelation coefficient

Don H. Johnson; Ilan N. Goodman

2009-01-01

441

Prosthetic elbow joint  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An artificial, manually positionable elbow joint for use in an upper extremity, above-elbow, prosthetic is described. The prosthesis provides a locking feature that is easily controlled by the wearer. The instant elbow joint is very strong and durable enough to withstand the repeated heavy loadings encountered by a wearer who works in an industrial, construction, farming, or similar environment. The elbow joint of the present invention comprises a turntable, a frame, a forearm, and a locking assembly. The frame generally includes a housing for the locking assembly and two protruding ears. The forearm includes an elongated beam having a cup-shaped cylindrical member at one end and a locking wheel having a plurality of holes along a circular arc on its other end with a central bore for pivotal attachment to the protruding ears of the frame. The locking assembly includes a collar having a central opening with a plurality of internal grooves, a plurality of internal cam members each having a chamfered surface at one end and a V-shaped slot at its other end; an elongated locking pin having a crown wheel with cam surfaces and locking lugs secured thereto; two coiled compression springs; and a flexible filament attached to one end of the elongated locking pin and extending from the locking assembly for extending and retracting the locking pin into the holes in the locking wheel to permit selective adjustment of the forearm relative to the frame. In use, the turntable is affixed to the upper arm part of the prosthetic in the conventional manner, and the cup-shaped cylindrical member on one end of the forearm is affixed to the forearm piece of the prosthetic in the conventional manner. The elbow joint is easily adjusted and locked between maximum flex and extended positions.

Weddendorf, Bruce C. (inventor)

1994-01-01

442

Formation of tough composite joints  

SciTech Connect

Joints which exhibit tough fracture behavior were formed in a composite with a Si/SiC matrix reinforced with Textron SCS-6 fibers with either boron nitride or silicon nitride fiber coatings. In composites with BN coatings fibers were aligned uniaxially, while composites with Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}-coated fibers had a 0/90{degree} architecture. Lapped joints (joints with overlapping fingers) were necessary to obtain tough behavior. Geometrical requirements necessary to avoid brittle joint failure have been proposed. Joints with a simple overlap geometry (only a few fingers) would have to be very long in order to prevent brittle failure. Typical failure in these joints is caused by a crack propagating along the interfaces between the joint fingers. Joints of the same overall length, but with geometry changed to be symmetric about the joint centerline and with an extra shear surface exhibited tough fractures accompanied with extensive fiber pullout. The initial matrix cracking of these joints was relatively low because cracks propagated easily through the ends of the fingers. Joints with an optimized stepped sawtooth geometry produced composite-like failures with the stress/strain curves containing an elastic region followed by a region of rising stress with an increase of strain. Increasing the fiber/matrix interfacial strength from 9 to 25 MPa, by changing the fiber coating, increased matrix cracking and ultimate strength of the composite significantly. The best joints had matrix cracking stress and ultimate strength of 138 and 240 MPa, respectively. Joint failure was preceded by multiple matrix cracking in the entire composite. The high strength of the joints will permit building of structures containing joints with only a minor reduction of design stresses.

Brun, M.K. [GE Corporate Research and Development, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01

443

Preservation Planning for Digital Information: Final Report of the HVC2 Digital Preservation Task Force  

E-print Network

Digital preservation is the ongoing process of managing data for continuing access and use. The University of Kansas Digital Preservation Task Force was charged in October 2003 to explore the implications of a University ...

Fyffe, Richard; Ludwig, Deborah; Roach, Mary; Schulte, Becky; Warner, Beth Forrest

2004-11-11

444

True Upward Adatom Diffusion and Faceting in fcc metal (110) homoepitaxy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent studies of Ge heteroepitaxial growth on Si(100) have led to the discovery of an intriguing bimodal growth mode, characterised by the coexistence of smaller hut islands and much larger domes. Efforts aimed to understand the microscopic mechanisms involved have so far been focused predominantly on the role of the thermodynamic driving force associated with stress. Here we report on the observation of bimodal growth in an entirely unexpected system, homoepitaxial growth of Al on Al(110), characterised by the coexistence of smaller mound islands and tenfold taller nanocrystals with well-defined facets (the huts). Whereas the formation of the mounds results from kinetic roughening due to slow downward adatom diffusion at step edges, the formation of the huts demands atom extraction from the mounds and true upward diffusion of such atoms through the (110) terraces onto the facets serving as kinetic traps. A critical role in the faceting instability, is found to be played by the surprisingly low activation barriers for adatom ascent at step edges and island corners(F.Buatier de Mongeot, W.Zhu, A.Molle, R.Buzio, C.Boragno, U. Valbusa, E.G.Wang, Z.Zhang, Physical Review Letters 91, 016102 (2003)),(Physics News Update, AIP, Number 643,2003 Mountain climbing atoms (http://www.aip.org/enews/physnews/2003/split/643-2.html)). Extensions of the results to other related systems will be presented, in particular for the fcc(110) class of substrates Cu, Pb, Ag as well as for heteroepitaxyal systems like Co/Cu(110).

Buatier de Mongeot, Francesco

2004-03-01

445

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2011-10-01

446

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2013-10-01

447

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2012-10-01

448

49 CFR 213.121 - Rail joints.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rail joints. 213.121 Section 213.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Track Structure § 213.121 Rail joints. (a) Each rail joint, insulated joint, and compromise...

2010-10-01

449

Synthesis of pt-ni alloy nanocrystals with high-index facets and enhanced electrocatalytic properties.  

PubMed

The shape-controlled synthesis of multicomponent metal nanocrystals (NCs) bounded by high-index facets (HIFs) is of significant importance in the design and synthesis of high-activity catalysts. We report herein the preparation of Pt-Ni alloy NCs by tuning their shape from concave-nanocubic (CNC) to nanocubic and hexoctahedral (HOH). Owing to the synergy of the HIFs and the electronic effect of the Pt-Ni alloy, the as-prepared CNC and HOH Pt-Ni alloy NCs exhibited excellent catalytic properties for the electrooxidation of methanol and formic acid, as well as for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). PMID:25195668

Xu, Xiling; Zhang, Xin; Sun, Hui; Yang, Ying; Dai, Xiaoping; Gao, Jinsen; Li, Xueyong; Zhang, Pengfang; Wang, Hong-Hui; Yu, Neng-Fei; Sun, Shi-Gang

2014-11-10

450

Reflections on the four facets of symmetry: how physics exemplifies rational thinking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In contemporary theoretical physics, the powerful notion of symmetry stands for a web of intricate meanings among which I identify four clusters associated with the notion of transformation, comprehension, invariance and projection. While their interrelations are examined closely these four facets of symmetry are scrutinised one after the other in great detail. This decomposition allows us to carefully examine the multiple different roles symmetry plays in many places in physics. Furthermore, some connections with other disciplines like neurobiology, epistemology, cognitive sciences and, not least, philosophy are proposed in an attempt to show that symmetry can be an organising principle also in these fields.

Mouchet, Amaury

2013-12-01

451

Latent structure of facets of alcohol reinforcement from a behavioral economic demand curve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale  Behavioral economic demand curves are quantitative representations of the relationship between consumption of a drug and its\\u000a cost. Demand curves provide a multidimensional assessment of reinforcement, but the relationships among the various indices\\u000a of reinforcement have been largely unstudied.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives  The objective of the study is to use exploratory factor analysis to examine the underlying factor structure of the facets\\u000a of

James MacKillop; James G. Murphy; Jennifer W. Tidey; Christopher W. Kahler; Lara A. Ray; Warren K. Bickel

2009-01-01

452

Zinc oxide micro-spheres with faceted surfaces produced by laser ablation of zinc targets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the fabrication of ZnO micro-spheres using high-power laser ablation of Zn metal in the presence of oxygen gas background without use of any catalysts or additives. The centre-symmetric geometrical structures of ZnO micro-spheres exhibit clear pentagonal and hexagonal facets with different sizes. A discussion of the growth mechanisms based on a model of subsurface micro-explosion boiling followed by laser-surface sintering of assembled particles has been proposed to explain the formation of the ZnO micro-spheres.

Chen, Ming; Liu, Xiangdong; Liu, Yuehua; Zhao, Mingwen

2012-05-01

453

Laboratory characterization of rock joints  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory characterization of the Apache Leap tuff joints under cyclic pseudostatic and dynamic loads has been undertaken to obtain a better understanding of dynamic joint shear behavior and to generate a complete data set that can be used for validation of existing rock-joint models. Study has indicated that available methods for determining joint roughness coefficient (JRC) significantly underestimate the roughness coefficient of the Apache Leap tuff joints, that will lead to an underestimation of the joint shear strength. The results of the direct shear tests have indicated that both under cyclic pseudostatic and dynamic loadings the joint resistance upon reverse shearing is smaller than that of forward shearing and the joint dilation resulting from forward shearing recovers during reverse shearing. Within the range of variation of shearing velocity used in these tests, the shearing velocity effect on rock-joint behavior seems to be minor, and no noticeable effect on the peak joint shear strength and the joint shear strength for the reverse shearing is observed.

Hsiung, S.M.; Kana, D.D.; Ahola, M.P.; Chowdhury, A.H.; Ghosh, A. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

1994-05-01

454

New plastic joints for plastic orthoses.  

PubMed

Plastic joints for orthoses have more advantages than metal joints. They are lightweight, noiseless comfortable to use, rust proof, corrosion free, and radiolucent. Two types of plastic joints were developed by the authors, one for the ankle joint and the other for the knee joint, elbow joint or hip joint. Polypropylene was chosen as the joint material because of its appropriate flexibility and toughness. PMID:7079105

Watanabe, H; Kutsuna, T; Morinaga, H; Okabe, T

1982-04-01

455

GUIDES TO POLLUTION PREVENTION: WOOD PRESERVING INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This guide provides an overview of the wood preserving industry and presents options for minimizing waste generation through source,reduction and recycling. reatment with both oilborne and waterborne preservatives is discussed in this guide. owever, because in the United States, ...

456

Building a New Historic Preservation Trades Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the experiences of the program coordinator of a new two-year preservation trades program at Harford Community College in Bel Air, Maryland. The two-year associate in applied sciences degree offered at Harford Community College (HCC) is a Technical Professional Studies program in Building Preservation and Restoration (BPR).…

Deeg, Rhonda L.

2005-01-01

457

Whale Preservation. Grades Five to Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dedicated to the conservation and preservation of whales, dolphins, and porpoises through public education, this instructional unit for grades 5-9 provides current (1993) facts, lesson plans, activities, and conservation and preservation techniques. Interdisciplinary activities involve students in debates, critical thinking, research, and…

Racicot, Darlene

458

Boric Acid Preservation of Urine Samples  

PubMed Central

Comparison of the results of bacteriological culture and microscopic examination of urine samples transported over a distance by the dip-inoculum transport medium, ice-box, and boric acid preservation with “natural” urine specimens showed that the last, in a final concentration of 1·8%, gives satisfactory preservation. PMID:5768462

Porter, I. A.; Brodie, J.

1969-01-01

459

Boric Acid Preservation of Urine Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparison of the results of bacteriological culture and microscopic examination of urine samples transported over a distance by the dip-inoculum transport medium, ice-box, and boric acid preservation with “natural” urine specimens showed that the last, in a final concentration of 1·8%, gives satisfactory preservation.

I. A. Porter; J. Brodie

1969-01-01

460

ORIGINAL PAPER Peer Disagreement and Independence Preservation  

E-print Network

2009 / Accepted: 22 September 2010 / Published online: 20 November 2010 Ã? Springer Science+Business reasonable restrictions on pooling, however, there is a natural method of preserving the independence of any that such averaging may fail to preserve instances of independence common to P1 and P2. However, Genest and Wagner

Wagner, Carl