These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Recurrent erysipelas - risk factors and clinical presentation  

PubMed Central

Background Erysipelas is a common infection that often recurs, but the impact of specific risk factors for reoccurrence remains elusive. In the present study we aimed at clarifying predisposing conditions for reoccurrence. Methods Medical records were reviewed from all patients ?18 years of age diagnosed with erysipelas at the Department of Infectious Diseases at Skåne University Hospital, Sweden, from January 2007 to February 2011. 502 patients were included, of which 357 were single episode erysipelas and 145 had recurrent erysipelas. These two groups were compared regarding underlying conditions and clinical presentation. Results Erysipelas in the lower limbs had the greatest propensity of recurrence. The associations between underlying conditions and recurrence were largely depending on the site of erysipelas. Overall, the most prominent risk factor for recurrence was lymphedema and other conditions causing a chronic impairment of the defence against microbes. Conditions temporarily disrupting the skin barrier (e.g. a local wound or toe web intertrigo), although likely being risk factors for erysipelas per se, did not seem to predispose to repeated episodes. Individuals with recurrent erysipelas tended to seek medical attention earlier, and were less likely to be hospitalized or receive intravenous antibiotics, but there was no evidence of any difference in inflammatory reaction when taking confounding factors into account. Conclusions In this large cross-sectional study of over 500 patients with erysipelas, lymphedema was the most prominent risk factors for recurrence although the distribution of predisposing conditions varies depending on the site of erysipelas. PMID:24884840

2014-01-01

2

Risk factors and clinical presentation of craniocervical arterial dissection: A prospective study  

PubMed Central

Background Craniocervical arterial dissection is a major cause of ischaemic stroke in young adults. The pathogenesis is not fully understood but is thought to be related to a combination of an intrinsic weakness in the arterial wall and an external trigger. Intrinsic susceptibility is thought to be a generalised arteriopathy, vascular anomaly or genetic predisposition. Proposed extrinsic factors include recent viral infection and minor mechanical trauma to the neck, including neck manipulation, which has raised concerns amongst manual practitioners in particular as to the appropriate screening of patients and avoidance of more vigorous therapeutic techniques. The presenting features of dissection may mimic a musculoskeletal presentation, creating a diagnostic dilemma for primary care practitioners. Early recognition is critical so that appropriate management can be commenced. The aims of this study are to prospectively investigate young patients ?55?years admitted to hospital with radiologically diagnosed craniocervical arterial dissection compared to matched controls with stroke but not dissection, to identify risk factors and early presenting clinical features, so these may be more readily identified by primary care practitioners. Methods Patients ? 55?years presenting to hospital with craniocervical arterial dissection and controls will have their medical records reviewed and be interviewed and questioned about possible risk factors, preceding events to admission such as recent neck trauma, and presenting clinical features including any preceding transient ischaemic features. Clinical assessment will include a connective tissue screening examination to identify subclinical connective tissue disorders. Radiology and blood screening will be reviewed for typical features and inflammatory markers. Functional outcome will be reviewed to determine the burden of the stroke. Discussion This study will provide descriptive and comparative data on intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for craniocervical arterial dissection and outline the typical clinical presentation, including the nature of early presenting features which might assist practitioners to identify those patients for whom vigorous manual therapy of the neck is inappropriate and alert them to those for whom immediate urgent medical care should be sought. PMID:22937796

2012-01-01

3

Clinical Presentation and Etiologic Factors of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Iranian Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Hirsutism is a common clinical condition with different etiologies. Many of these patients have frank or subclinical abnormalities in the adrenal and ovarian steroidogenesis. The disease may be associated with other clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical features of hirsutism and its etiologic factors in premenopausal Iranian women. Methods: In a

Habib Ansarin; Mir-Hadi Aziz-Jalali; Abbas Rasi; Razieh Soltani-Arabshahi

4

Delayed Hospital Presentation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: Clinical and Patient Reported Factors  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) often wait a considerable amount of time before going to the hospital. Prior studies have examined the reasons why such delays may occur, but additional studies are needed to identify modifiable factors contributing to these delays. Purpose To describe care-seeking delay times, factors associated with prolonged delay, and patient's thoughts and actions in adult men and women hospitalized with ADHF. Methods We surveyed 1,271 patients hospitalized with ADHF at 8 urban medical centers between 2007 and 2010. Results The average age of our study population was 73 years, 47% were female, and 72% had prior heart failure. The median duration of pre-hospital delay prior to hospital presentation was 5.3 hours. Patients who delayed longer than the median were older, more likely to have diabetes, peripheral edema, to have symptoms that began in the afternoon, and to have contacted their medical provider(s) about their symptoms. Prolonged care seekers were less likely to have attributed their symptoms to ADHF, less likely to want to have bothered their doctor or family, and were more likely to be concerned about missing work due to their illness (all p values<0.05). Conclusions Care-seeking delays are common among patients with ADHF. A variety of factors contribute to these delays which in some cases may represent efforts to manage ADHF symptoms at home. More research is needed to better understand the detrimental effects of these delays and how best to encourage timely care-seeking behavior in the setting of ADHF. PMID:23474108

Darling, Chad; Saczynski, Jane S.; McManus, David D.; Lessard, Darleen; Spencer, Frederick A.; Goldberg, Robert J.

2013-01-01

5

Impact of influenza season and environmental factors on the clinical presentation and outcome of invasive pneumococcal disease.  

PubMed

Influenza and meteorological factors have been associated with increases in the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). However, scant data regarding the impact of influenza and the environment on the clinical presentation of IPD are available. An observational study of all adults hospitalized with IPD was performed between 1996 and 2012 in our hospital. The incidence of IPD correlated with the incidence rates of influenza and with environmental data. A negative binominal regression was used to assess the relationship between these factors. Clinical presentation of IPD during the influenza and non-influenza periods was compared. During the study, 1,150 episodes of IPD were diagnosed. After adjusting for confounding variables, factors correlating with the rates of IPD were the incidence of influenza infection (IRR 1.229, 95 % CI 1.025-1.472) and the average ambient temperature (IRR 0.921, 95 % CI 0.88-0.964). Patients with IPD during the influenza period had a worse respiratory status. A greater proportion of patients had respiratory failure (45.6 % vs 52 %, p?=0.032) and higher requirements for ICU admission (19.3 % vs 24.7 %, p?=?0.018) and mechanical ventilation (11 % vs 15.1 %, p?=?0.038). When we stratified by invasiveness of pneumococcal serotypes and the presence of comorbid conditions, the increase in the severity of clinical presentation was focused on healthy adults with IPD caused by nonhighly invasive serotypes. Beyond the increase in the burden of IPD associated with influenza, a more severe clinical pattern of pneumococcal disease was observed in the influenza period. This effect varied according to pneumococcal serotype, host comorbidities, and age. PMID:25109886

Burgos, J; Larrosa, M N; Martinez, A; Belmonte, J; González-López, J; Rello, J; Pumarola, T; Pahissa, A; Falco, V

2015-01-01

6

Congenital Factor V Deficiency: Comparison of the Severity of Clinical Presentations among Patients with Rare Bleeding Disorders.  

PubMed

Background: Factor V deficiency (FVD) is a rare bleeding disorder (RBD) mostly present in regions with a high rate of consanguinity. FVD after FXIII deficiency is the next more prevalent RBD in Sistan and Baluchistan (S&B) in southeastern Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical manifestations and severity of bleeding diathesis in patients with FVD. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 23 patients with FVD in S&B province. FVD was diagnosed by clinical findings and routine laboratory tests. Bleeding diatheses were classified into three grades (I-III) depending on the severity of symptoms. The severity of bleeding episodes in our patients was compared with other RBDs. Result: Based on residual plasma FV activity, 6 (26%), 16 (69.5%) and 1 (4.5%) patients had mild, moderate and severe factor deficiency, respectively. 24% of the patients had grade III life-threatening bleeding episodes which in comparison with FVII deficiency (17.4%) and FI deficiency (21%) had a higher incidence, and in comparison with FX deficiency (41.7%) and FXIII deficiency (63.1) had a lower incidence. Grade II and grade I bleeding diathesis were observed in 56.2 and 16.7% of the patients, respectively. Conclusion: FVD is the second most common type of RBD in S&B province and grade II bleeding episodes were the major bleeding presentation and observed in more than half of the patients. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25277779

Naderi, Majid; Tabibian, Shadi; Alizadeh, Shaban; Hosseini, Soudabeh; Zaker, Farhad; Bamedi, Taregh; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Dorgalaleh, Akbar

2014-09-26

7

Bloodstream infections due to anaerobic bacteria in cancer patients: epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcome of anaerobic bacteremia.  

PubMed

Thirty one bacteremic episodes (BE) in 31 patients due to anaerobic bacteremia (AB) in 979 BE among 9986 admissions at a 360 beds National Cancer Institute within last 6 years were analyzed for time distribution, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcome. Overall incidence of AB was 3.6%, but the proportion to other groups of microorganisms is decreasing. 73% were Bacteroides fragilis, 10.8% Peptostreptococci and Propionibacteria and 5.4% Clostridia. The most common risk factor for AB was prior surgery, solid tumor as underlying disease, prophylaxis with quinolones and previous therapy with third generation cephalosporines. 48.4% of AB were polymicrobial. Infected wound was the most common source of infection in 38.7% of our cancer patients. Six patients (19.4%) presented septic shock, and 45.2% died, but only in 22.6% death was related to bacteremia. Comparing the groups of AB due to B. fragilis (BF) to non-Bacteroides spp. (NB)AB, infection-associated mortality was higher in BFAB in comparison to NBAB. Other risk factors such as hematologic malignancies, previous prophylaxis with quinolones, prior surgery and prior therapy with broad spectrum antimicrobials, were more frequently associated with BFAB. PMID:8931747

Spánik, S; Trupl, J; Kunová, A; Pichna, P; Helpianska, L; Ilavská, I; Kukucková, E; Lacka, J; Grausová, S; Stopková, K; Drgona, L; Krcméry, V

1996-01-01

8

Isolation of Aspergillus spp. from the respiratory tract in critically ill patients: risk factors, clinical presentation and outcome  

PubMed Central

Introduction Our aims were to assess risk factors, clinical features, management and outcomes in critically ill patients in whom Aspergillus spp. were isolated from respiratory secretions, using a database from a study designed to assess fungal infections. Methods A multicentre prospective study was conducted over a 9-month period in 73 intensive care units (ICUs) and included patients with an ICU stay longer than 7 days. Tracheal aspirate and urine samples, and oropharyngeal and gastric swabs were collected and cultured each week. On admission to the ICU and at the initiation of antifungal therapy, the severity of illness was evaluated using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score. Retrospectively, isolation of Aspergillus spp. was considered to reflect colonization if the patient did not fulfil criteria for pneumonia, and infection if the patient met criteria for pulmonary infection and if the clinician in charge considered the isolation to be clinically valuable. Risk factors, antifungal use and duration of therapy were noted. Results Out of a total of 1756 patients, Aspergillus spp. were recovered in 36. Treatment with steroids (odds ratio = 4.5) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (odds ratio = 2.9) were significantly associated with Aspergillus spp. isolation in multivariate analysis. In 14 patients isolation of Aspergillus spp. was interpreted as colonization, in 20 it was interpreted as invasive aspergillosis, and two cases were not classified. The mortality rates were 50% in the colonization group and 80% in the invasive infection group. Autopsy was performed in five patients with clinically suspected infection and confirmed the diagnosis in all of these cases. Conclusion In critically ill patients, treatment should be considered if features of pulmonary infection are present and Aspergillus spp. are isolated from respiratory secretions. PMID:15987390

Garnacho-Montero, José; Amaya-Villar, Rosario; Ortiz-Leyba, Carlos; León, Cristóbal; Álvarez-Lerma, Francisco; Nolla-Salas, Juan; Iruretagoyena, José R; Barcenilla, Fernando

2005-01-01

9

[Presentation of a computerized clinical record for the study of risk factors and early diagnosis of breast neoplasia].  

PubMed

A new clinical report card is proposed for mass screening for the early diagnosis of breast cancer and the study of the risk factors involved. The card takes the form of a questionnaire on which information is coded for immediate transfer to punched cards. This system makes information easy to file and process on a computer. PMID:3211356

Senni, G A; Puce, E; Bevilacqua, A

1988-12-01

10

Contextual factors and anxiety in minority and European American youth presenting for treatment across two urban university clinics.  

PubMed

The current study compared ethnic minority and European American clinically-referred anxious youth (N=686; 2-19 years) on internalizing symptoms (i.e., primary anxiety and comorbid depression) and neighborhood context. Data were provided from multiple informants including youth, parents, and teachers. Internalizing symptoms were measured by the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, Child Depression Inventory, Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form. Diagnoses were based on the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children. Neighborhood context was measured using Census tract data (i.e., owner-occupied housing, education level, poverty level, and median home value). Ethnic minority and European American youth showed differential patterns of diagnosis and severity of anxiety disorders. Further, ethnic minority youth lived in more disadvantaged neighborhoods. Ethnicity and neighborhood context appear to have an additive influence on internalizing symptoms in clinically-referred anxious youth. Implications for evidence-based treatments are discussed. PMID:22410093

Beidas, Rinad S; Suarez, Liza; Simpson, David; Read, Kendra; Wei, Chiaying; Connolly, Sucheta; Kendall, Philip

2012-05-01

11

Rheumatoid Factors: Clinical Applications  

PubMed Central

Rheumatoid factors are antibodies directed against the Fc region of immunoglobulin G. First detected in patients with rheumatoid arthritis 70 years ago, they can also be found in patients with other autoimmune and nonautoimmune conditions, as well as in healthy subjects. Rheumatoid factors form part of the workup for the differential diagnosis of arthropathies. In clinical practice, it is recommended to measure anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies and rheumatoid factors together because anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies alone are only moderately sensitive, and the combination of the two markers improves diagnostic accuracy, especially in the case of early rheumatoid arthritis. Furthermore, different rheumatoid factor isotypes alone or in combination can be helpful when managing rheumatoid arthritis patients, from the time of diagnosis until deciding on the choice of therapeutic strategy. PMID:24324289

Castelli, Roberto

2013-01-01

12

Clinical Presentations of Mitochondrial Cardiomyopathies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the clinical manifestations and interfamilial variability of patients diagnosed with a mitochondrial cardiomyopathy, we reviewed the charts of 14 patients with cardiomyopathy out of 59 patients with mitochondrial disorders who attended the mitochondrial disease clinic at Wolfson Medical Center from 1996 to 2001. All patients underwent a metabolic evaluation including blood lactate, pyruvate, carnitine, and amino acids and

D. Lev; A. Nissenkorn; E. Leshinsky-Silver; M. Sadeh; A. Zeharia; B.-Z. Garty; L. Blieden; V. Barash; T. Lerman-Sagie

2004-01-01

13

Clinical presentation of femoroacetabular impingement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify subjective complaints and objective findings in patients treated for femoroacetabular\\u000a impingement (FAI). Three hundred and one arthroscopic hip surgeries were performed to treat FAI. The most frequent presenting\\u000a complaint was pain, with 85% of patients reporting moderate or marked pain. The most common location of pain was the groin\\u000a (81%). The average

Marc J. Philippon; R. Brian Maxwell; Todd L. Johnston; Mara Schenker; Karen K. Briggs

2007-01-01

14

Clinical presentation of chronic traumatic encephalopathy  

PubMed Central

Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the clinical presentation of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in neuropathologically confirmed cases. Methods: Thirty-six adult male subjects were selected from all cases of neuropathologically confirmed CTE at the Boston University Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy brain bank. Subjects were all athletes, had no comorbid neurodegenerative or motor neuron disease, and had next-of-kin informants to provide retrospective reports of the subjects' histories and clinical presentations. These interviews were conducted blind to the subjects' neuropathologic findings. Results: A triad of cognitive, behavioral, and mood impairments was common overall, with cognitive deficits reported for almost all subjects. Three subjects were asymptomatic at the time of death. Consistent with earlier case reports of boxers, 2 relatively distinct clinical presentations emerged, with one group whose initial features developed at a younger age and involved behavioral and/or mood disturbance (n = 22), and another group whose initial presentation developed at an older age and involved cognitive impairment (n = 11). Conclusions: This suggests there are 2 major clinical presentations of CTE, one a behavior/mood variant and the other a cognitive variant. PMID:23966253

Daneshvar, Daniel H.; Baugh, Christine M.; Seichepine, Daniel R.; Montenigro, Philip H.; Riley, David O.; Fritts, Nathan G.; Stamm, Julie M.; Robbins, Clifford A.; McHale, Lisa; Simkin, Irene; Stein, Thor D.; Alvarez, Victor E.; Goldstein, Lee E.; Budson, Andrew E.; Kowall, Neil W.; Nowinski, Christopher J.; Cantu, Robert C.; McKee, Ann C.

2013-01-01

15

Intrasacral schwannoma: clinical presentation, diagnosis and management.  

PubMed

Intrasacral schwannoma is a very rare lesion. We report here three cases of intrasacral schwannoma originating within the sacrum and discuss their clinical presentation, diagnosis and management. Complete excision would appear to be the treatment of choice, but conservative treatment is an option provided the tumour causes no serious symptoms. PMID:19085364

Muramatsu, K; Ihara, K; Kato, Y; Yoshida, Y; Taguchi, T

2008-12-01

16

Clinical Linguistics: Its Past, Present and Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historiography is a growing area of research within the discipline of linguistics, but so far the subfield of clinical linguistics has received virtually no systematic attention. This article attempts to rectify this by tracing the development of the discipline from its pre-scientific days up to the present time. As part of this, I include the…

Perkins, Michael R.

2011-01-01

17

Clinical Presentation of Femoroacetabular Impingement in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a recently rec- ognized hip disorder resulting from an abnormal morphology of the proximal femur and acetabulum. This morphology results in in- creased hip contact forces with hip motion, specifically flexion. This may lead to labral-cartilage injury and pain. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical presentation and diagnosis of FAI as a

Ernest L. Sink; Jane Gralla; Alison Ryba; Michael Dayton

2008-01-01

18

Clinical Factors Associated with PANDAS  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore associated clinical factors in children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus (PANDAS). Study design Children with tics and/or OCD (n = 109) were examined by personal and family history, diagnostic interview, physical examination, medical record review, and measurement of baseline levels of streptococcal antibodies. Results Significant group differences were found on several variables, such that those diagnosed with PANDAS (versus without PANDAS) were more likely to have had dramatic onset; definite remissions; remission of neuropsychiatric symptoms during antibiotic therapy; a history of tonsillectomies/adenoidectomies; evidence of GAS infection, and clumsiness. Conclusion The identification of clinical features associated with PANDAS should assist in delineating risks for this subtype of OCD/tics. PMID:21868033

Murphy, Tanya K.; Storch, Eric A.; Lewin, Adam B.; Edge, Paula J.; Goodman, Wayne K.

2011-01-01

19

Growth Factors in Clinical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth factors enhance protein synthesis\\u000a and thus reduce the catabolic response to injury. As a result of\\u000a bioengineering and new manufacturing techniques several anabolic agents\\u000a have become available for clinical use and have been evaluated in\\u000a surgical patients with catabolic illness. Data support the anabolic\\u000a effects of growth home in such patients, but its expense and possible\\u000a deleterious effects during

2000-01-01

20

Clinical diaphanography--its present perspective.  

PubMed

The application of nonionizing radiations and magnetism in clinical medical diagnosis has been rapidly increasing. The incorporation of these techniques into the armamentarium of the diagnostic roentgenologist warrants a change in nonmenclature to diagnostic imageologists. This review of the clinical applications of diaphanography covers the period of simple light source examination of the 1930s to the present sophisticated imaging with infrared film or videcon T.V. computerized format. Light physics of the infrared spectrum is well known, however experimental data of the mechanism of transillumination or normal and abnormal breasts are being investigated. A short discussion of breast anatomy and pathology including benign and malignant is basic to the clinical evaluation technique. A realistic appraisal of the application, the limitations of the technique and the current ongoing investigative studies in the European and American literatures are reviewed. Other noninvasive breast diagnostic techniques of thermography, ultrasound, and NMR are included as well as mammography in the diagnosis of breast disease and cancer. PMID:6397269

Girolamo, R F; Gaythorpe, J V

1984-01-01

21

Growth factors from genes to clinical application  

SciTech Connect

The last decade has witnessed an explosion in the identification of growth factors and their receptors. This has been greatly facilitated by recombinant DNA technology, which has provided the tools not only to identify these proteins at the gene level but also to produce recombinant proteins for evaluating their biological activities. With the help of such techniques, we are moving toward an understanding of the biosynthesis of growth factors and their receptors, structure-function relationships, as well as mechanisms for intracellular signal transmission. The possibility of modifying these factors has opened new fields of clinical application. In this paper, four major areas of growth factor research are presented: the characterization of growth factor genes and their protein products, growth factor receptors and signal transduction by the receptors to mediate biological action, the biological actions of the various growth factors, and the role of growth factors in health and disease and their possible clinical application. Some of the topics covered include: structure of the IGFs and their variants; isoforms of PDGF receptor types; tyrosine kinase activation; structure of G-proteins in biological membranes; possible therapeutic application of NGF in the treatment of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases; PDGF's possible role in the development of several fibroproliferative diseases and its therapeutic application in wound healing; and the possible use of angiogenic inhibitors in tumor treatment.

Sara, V.R. (Dept. of Pathology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (SE)); Hall, K.; Low, H. (Dept. of Endocrinology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (SE))

1990-01-01

22

Clinical Presentation and Evaluation of Dermatomyositis  

PubMed Central

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin and muscles. Evidence supports that DM is an immune-mediated disease and 50–70% of patients have circulating myositis-specific auto-antibodies. Gene expression microarrays have demonstrated upregulation of interferon signaling in the muscle, blood, and skin of DM patients. Patients with classic DM typically present with symmetric, proximal muscle weakness, and skin lesions that demonstrate interface dermatitis on histopathology. Evaluation for muscle inflammation can include muscle enzymes, electromyogram, magnetic resonance imaging, and/or muscle biopsy. Classic skin manifestations of DM include the heliotrope rash, Gottron's papules, Gottron's sign, the V-sign, and shawl sign. Additional cutaneous lesions frequently observed in DM patients include periungual telangiectasias, cuticular overgrowth, “mechanic's hands”, palmar papules overlying joint creases, poikiloderma, and calcinosis. Clinically amyopathic DM is a term used to describe patients who have classic cutaneous manifestations for more than 6 months, but no muscle weakness or elevation in muscle enzymes. Interstitial lung disease can affect 35–40% of patients with inflammatory myopathies and is often associated with the presence of an antisynthetase antibody. Other clinical manifestations that can occur in patients with DM include dysphagia, dysphonia, myalgias, Raynaud phenomenon, fevers, weight loss, fatigue, and a nonerosive inflammatory polyarthritis. Patients with DM have a three to eight times increased risk for developing an associated malignancy compared with the general population, and therefore all patients with DM should be evaluated at the time of diagnosis for the presence of an associated malignancy. This review summarizes the immunopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and evaluation of patients with DM. PMID:23112358

Marvi, Umaima; Chung, Lorinda; Fiorentino, David F

2012-01-01

23

Sheehan's syndrome presenting as psychosis: a rare clinical presentation  

PubMed Central

Sheehan's syndrome (SS) refers to the occurrence of varying degree of hypopituitarism after parturition (1). It is a rare cause of hypopituitarism in developed countries owing to advances in obstetric care and its frequency is decreasing worldwide. However, it is still frequent in underdeveloped and developing countries. Sheehan's syndrome is often diagnosed late as it evolves slowly (2,3). Reports of psychoses in patients with Sheehan's syndrome are rare. Herein, a case report of psychosis in a 31 year old woman who developed Sheehan's syndrome preceded by postpartum haemorrhage is presented. Treatment with thyroxine and glucocorticoids resulted in complete remission after attaining euthyroid and eucortisolemic state. PMID:23483784

Dar, Mohamand Maqbool; Arif, Tasleem; Bashir, Haamid; Bhat, Mohammad Hayat; Ahmed, Javid

2013-01-01

24

Sheehan's syndrome presenting as psychosis: a rare clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Sheehan's syndrome (SS) refers to the occurrence of varying degree of hypopituitarism after parturition (1). It is a rare cause of hypopituitarism in developed countries owing to advances in obstetric care and its frequency is decreasing worldwide. However, it is still frequent in underdeveloped and developing countries. Sheehan's syndrome is often diagnosed late as it evolves slowly (2,3). Reports of psychoses in patients with Sheehan's syndrome are rare. Herein, a case report of psychosis in a 31 year old woman who developed Sheehan's syndrome preceded by postpartum haemorrhage is presented. Treatment with thyroxine and glucocorticoids resulted in complete remission after attaining euthyroid and eucortisolemic state. PMID:23483784

Shoib, Sheikh; Dar, Mohamand Maqbool; Arif, Tasleem; Bashir, Haamid; Bhat, Mohammad Hayat; Ahmed, Javid

2013-02-01

25

Endophthalmitis: Pathogenesis, clinical presentation, management, and perspectives  

PubMed Central

Endophthalmitis is a rare but sight-threatening complication that can occur after ocular surgery or trauma or as a consequence of systemic infection. To optimize visual outcome, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. Over recent decades, advances in hygienic standards, improved microbiologic and surgical techniques, development of powerful antimicrobial drugs, and the introduction of intravitreal antibiotic therapy have led to a decreased incidence and improved management of endophthalmitis. However, endophthalmitis still represents a serious clinical problem. This review focuses on current principles and techniques for evaluation and treatment of endophthalmitis. In addition, it addresses recent developments regarding antimicrobial treatment and prophylaxis of infectious endophthalmitis. PMID:20390032

Kernt, M; Kampik, A

2010-01-01

26

[Clinical presentation of cutaneous adnexal tumors].  

PubMed

Cutaneous adnexal lesions can sometimes be clinically diagnosed even by an experienced clinician or a differential diagnosis can at least be narrowed down. However, clinical findings alone cannot replace histological investigations and diagnosis or make them superfluous. This expertise is based on an algorithm which first differentiates inflammatory pseudo-tumors, such as ruptured infundibular cysts (atheroma) from authentic neoplastic adnexal lesions. In a second step criteria of regularity and/or chaos, such as asymmetry, irregular border, color variation and/or destruction with exulceration help to evaluate the dignity. In a third step criteria of differentiation allow the characterization of lesions varying in size from macules to papules, plaques, nodules and tumors to the subgroups of adnexal differentiation. Infundibular differentiation is characterized by comedones and is skin-colored, yellow or white and hard. Follicular differentiation notifies hair and is skin-colored, pearl-like to occasionally brown-black and variably hard. Sebaceous differentiation signifies lobulation and is yellow to skin-colored or red and soft. Apocrine lesions are reddish and fleshy. Eccrine differentiation shows either papillary reddish-brown (differential diagnosis viral warts) or skin-colored hard lesions. Multiple, monomorphous lesions are characteristic of syndromes, such as Spiegler-Brooke-Fend, Birt-Hogg-Dubé, Muir-Torre, and Gorlin-Goltz.One peculiarity of adnexal lesions is their potential to form cysts. Cysts with horny or hairy material are skin-colored to yellow, with glandular fluid fluctuation, a bluish character, and with illumination a Tyndall phenomenon becomes obvious, while ruptured cysts reveal an erythematous-reddish, ill-defined foreign body reaction. Brown to bluish-gray and black color is seen by the presence of melanocytes with melanin in lesions with mostly follicular differentiation. Strong vascularization and bleeding are reddish, soft, spongy and compressible and in due course variably dark due to the presence of hemosiderin. PMID:25154603

Zelger, B; Kazakov, D V; Zelger, B G

2014-09-01

27

Clinical presentation of abdominal tuberculosis in HIV seronegative adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The accurate diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis usually takes a long time and requires a high index of suspicion in clinic practice. Eighty-eight immune-competent patients with abdominal tuberculosis were grouped according to symptoms at presentation and followed prospectively in order to investigate the effect of symptomatic presentation on clinical diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: Based upon the clinical presentation, the patients

Cengiz Bolukbas; Fusun F Bolukbas; Tulin Kendir; Remzi A Dalay; Nihat Akbayir; Mehmet H Sokmen; Ali T Ince; Mithat Guran; Erkan Ceylan; Guray Kilic; Oya Ovunc

2005-01-01

28

Gynecomastia: etiologies, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and management.  

PubMed

Gynecomastia is a common finding that is present in up to 57% of men. It is caused by proliferation of the mammary glands, which leads to the development of dense subareolar tissue. The condition results from both physiologic (eg, hypogonadism, altered estrogen-to-androgen ratio) and nonphysiologic (eg, drugs, herbal products) causes. Most cases are benign and resolve spontaneously. Treatment is usually unnecessary, although there are specific signs and symptoms that warrant further workup. Psychosocial effects also are of concern, particularly among adolescents. Knowledge of the possible causes of gynecomastia and a thoughtful approach to the patient presenting with this condition can lead to improved outcomes and patient satisfaction. This concise review of the common presentation, etiologies, diagnosis, and treatment of gynecomastia should aid healthcare professionals who may encounter these patients in their practices. PMID:24389786

Ladizinski, Barry; Lee, Kachiu Cecilia; Nutan, F N U; Higgins, H William; Federman, Daniel G

2014-01-01

29

Lobomycosis: epidemiology, clinical presentation, and management options  

PubMed Central

Lobomycosis is a subcutaneous mycosis of chronic evolution caused by the Lacazia loboi fungus. Its distribution is almost exclusive in the Americas, and it has a particularly high prevalence in the Amazon basin. Cases of lobomycosis have been reported only in dolphins and humans. Its prevalence is higher among men who are active in the forest, such as rubber tappers, bushmen, miners, and Indian men. It is recognized that the traumatic implantation of the fungus on the skin is the route by which humans acquire this infection. The lesions affect mainly exposed areas such as the auricles and upper and lower limbs and are typically presented as keloid-like lesions. Currently, surgical removal is the therapeutic procedure of choice in initial cases. Despite the existing data and studies to date, the active immune mechanisms in this infection and its involvement in the control or development of lacaziosis have not been fully clarified. In recent years, little progress has been made in the appraisal of the epidemiologic aspects of the disease. So far, we have neither a population-based study nor any evaluation directed to the forest workers. PMID:25328400

Francesconi, Valeska Albuquerque; Klein, Ana Paula; Santos, Ana Paula Botelho Gualda; Ramasawmy, Rajendranath; Francesconi, Fábio

2014-01-01

30

Mastocytosis: classification, diagnosis, and clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Mastocytosis comprises several diseases characterized by an abnormal increase in tissue mast cells. Cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) is the most common form of mastocytosis, affects predominantly children, and presents as a mast cell hyperplasia limited to the skin. Systemic mastocytosis (SM) comprises multiple distinct entities in which mast cells in filtrate the skin and/or other organs. The diagnosis of SM is based on the presence of one major criterion and one minor criterion or three minor criteria. Major criteria include the presence of multifocal dense infiltrates of > 15 mast cells in bone marrow and/or other extracutaneous organs. Four minor criteria include the presence of elevated serum alpha-tryptase levels > 20 ng/mL, the expression of CD2 and CD25 surface markers in c-kit-positive mast cells from bone marrow or other organs, the presence of a c-kit mutations on bone marrow and/or other tissues mast cells, and the presence of > 25% abnormal spindle-shaped mast cells in bone marrow and/or tissues. Symptoms of CM include pruritus, flushing urticaria, and dermatographism. Symptoms of SM include cutaneous symptoms in association with syncope, gastric distress, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, bone pain, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Activating and nonactivating mutations of c-kit (Asp816Val) are seen in adult SM and in some pediatric CM (Gly839Lys), indicating a clonal dysregulation. There is no cure for mastocytosis but the majority of pediatric CM regress at puberty. Women with mastocytosis are fertile and pregnancy and delivery have been successful by blocking mast cell-mediated symptoms. Symptomatic treatment aimed at reducing the effect of mediators is effective with antihistamines and mast cell-stabilizing agents such as sodium cromolyn. To reduce mast cell burden, interferon alpha, steroids, and purine analogs have been used with varying results. Future directions include tyrosine kinase inhibitors and bone marrow transplant. PMID:15055560

Castells, Mariana C

2004-01-01

31

Endometriosis – Morphology, Clinical Presentations and Molecular Pathology  

PubMed Central

Endometriosis is found predominantly in women of childbearing age. The prevalence of endometriosis is difficult to determine accurately. Laparoscopy or surgery is required for the definitive diagnosis. The most common symptoms are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and low back pain that worsen during menses. Endometriosis occurring shortly after menarche has been frequently reported. Endometriosis has been described in a few cases at the umbilicus, even without prior history of abdominal surgery. It has been described in various atypical sites such as the fallopian tubes, bowel, liver, thorax, and even in the extremities. The most commonly affected areas in decreasing order of frequency in the gastrointestinal tract are the recto-sigmoid colon, appendix, cecum, and distal ileum. The prevalence of appendiceal endometriosis is 2.8%. Malignant transformation is a well-described, although rare (<1% of cases), complication of endometriosis. Approximately 75% of these tumors arise from endometriosis of the ovary. Other less common sites include the rectovaginal septum, rectum, and sigmoid colon. Unopposed estrogens therapy may play a role in the development of such tumors. A more recent survey of 27 malignancies associated with endometriosis found that 17 (62%) were in the ovary, 3 (11%) in the vagina, 2 (7%) each in the fallopian tube or mesosalpinx, pelvic sidewall, and colon, and 1 (4%) in the parametrium. Two cases of cerebral endometriosis and a case of endometriosis presenting as a cystic mass in the cerebellar vermis has been described. Treatment for endometriosis can be expectant, medical, or surgical depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's desire to maintain or restore fertility. PMID:21814398

Agarwal, Neha; Subramanian, Arulselvi

2010-01-01

32

Clinical presentation of acute Q fever in lanzarote (Canary Islands): a 2-year prospective study.  

PubMed

The clinical manifestations of acute Q fever may differ markedly from country to country. In this regard, fever and hepatitis seem to be the dominant clinical features of acute Coxiella burnetii infection in Lanzarote, Canary Islands. A possible interaction between environmental factors and some strains of C. burnetii could explain the different clinical presentations of acute Q fever. PMID:8953689

Pascual Velasco, F; Borobio Enciso, M V; González Lama, Z; Carrascosa Porras, M

1996-01-01

33

Clinical spectrum of rhabdomyolysis presented to pediatric emergency department  

PubMed Central

Background Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome that can develop from a variety of causes. The aim of the work is to analyze the clinical spectrum and to evaluate the prevalence of various etiologies in children, who present to the emergency department (ED) with rhabdomyolysis. Methods During a 6-year study period, we retrospectively analyzed the medical charts of patients, aged 18 years or younger, with a definite diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis and serum creatinine phosphokinase (CK) levels greater than 1000IU/L. We analyzed the clinical spectrum and evaluated the potential risk factors of acute renal failure (ARF). Results Thirty-seven patients (mean age = 10.2 ± 5.5 years), including 26 males and 11 females, were enrolled in the study. Two of the most common presented symptoms in these 37 patients were muscle pain and muscle weakness (83.8% and 73%, respectively). Dark urine was reported in only 5.4% of the patients. The leading cause of rhabdomyolysis in the 0- to 9-year age group was presumed infection, and the leading cause in the 10- to 18-year age group was trauma and exercise. The incidence of ARF associated with rhabdomyolysis was 8.1 % and no child needed for renal replacement therapy (RRT). We did not identify any reliable predictors of ARF or need for RRT. Conclusions The classic triad of symptoms of rhabdomyolysis includes myalgia, weakness and dark urine are not always presented in children. The cause of rhabdomyolysis in younger age is different from that of teenager group. However, the prognosis of rhabdomyolysis was good with appropriate management. PMID:24004920

2013-01-01

34

Senile Systemic Amyloidosis: Clinical Features at Presentation and Outcome  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiac amyloidosis is a fatal disease whose prognosis and treatment rely on identification of the amyloid type. In our aging population transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt) is common and must be differentiated from other amyloid types. We report the clinical presentation, natural history, and prognostic features of ATTRwt compared with cardiac?isolated AL amyloidosis and calculate the probability of disease diagnosis of ATTRwt from baseline factors. Methods and Results All patients with biopsy?proven ATTRwt (102 cases) and isolated cardiac AL (36 cases) seen from 2002 to 2011 at the UK National Amyloidosis Center were included. Median survival from the onset of symptoms was 6.07 years in the ATTRwt group and 1.7 years in the AL group. Positive troponin, a pacemaker, and increasing New York Heart Association (NYHA) class were associated with worse survival in ATTRwt patients on univariate analysis. All patients with isolated cardiac AL and 24.1% of patients with ATTRwt had evidence of a plasma cell dyscrasia. Older age and lower N?terminal pro?B?type natriuretic peptide (NT pro?BNP) were factors significantly associated with ATTRwt. Patients aged 70 years and younger with an NT pro?BNP <183 pmol/L were more likely to have ATTRwt, as were patients older than 70 years with an NT pro?BNP <1420 pmol/L. Conclusions Factors at baseline associated with a worse outcome in ATTRwt are positive troponin T, a pacemaker, and NYHA class IV symptoms. The age of the patient at diagnosis and NT pro?BNP level can aid in distinguishing ATTRwt from AL amyloidosis. PMID:23608605

Pinney, Jennifer H.; Whelan, Carol J.; Petrie, Aviva; Dungu, Jason; Banypersad, Sanjay M.; Sattianayagam, Prayman; Wechalekar, Ashutosh; Gibbs, Simon D. J.; Venner, Christopher P.; Wassef, Nancy; McCarthy, Carolyn A.; Gilbertson, Janet A.; Rowczenio, Dorota; Hawkins, Philip N.; Gillmore, Julian D.; Lachmann, Helen J.

2013-01-01

35

Risk factors for clinical endometritis in postpartum dairy cattle.  

PubMed

Bacterial contamination of the uterine lumen after parturition occurs in most dairy cattle. The presence of clinical endometritis beyond three weeks post partum depends on the balance between microbes, host immunity, and other environmental or animal factors. The present study tested the hypothesis that clinical endometritis is associated with animal factors, such as retained fetal membranes, assisted calving and twins, as well as fecal contamination of the environment. The association between selected risk factors and the lactational incidence risk of clinical endometritis was examined in 293 animals from four dairy herds. Multivariate analysis was used to identify risk factors and quantify their relative risk (RR) and population attributable fraction (PAF) based on the proportion of cows exposed to each factor. The lactational incidence of clinical endometritis was 27% and significant risk factors for clinical endometritis were retained fetal membranes (RR=3.6), assisted calving (RR=1.7), stillbirth (RR=3.1), vulval angle (RR=1.3), primparity (RR=1.8), and male offspring (RR=1.5) but not the cleanliness of the environment or the animal. The highest PAF was associated with male offspring (0.6) so the use of sexed semen has the greatest potential to reduce the incidence of clinical endometritis. The dominant association between retained fetal membranes and clinical endometritis was supported by an expert panel of clinicians. The risk factors for clinical endometritis appear to be associated with trauma of the female genital tract and disruption of the physical barriers to infection rather than fecal contamination. PMID:20207407

Potter, Timothy J; Guitian, Javier; Fishwick, John; Gordon, Patrick J; Sheldon, I Martin

2010-07-01

36

Cancer-associated thrombosis: clinical presentation and survival  

PubMed Central

Background Thromboembolic events are important causes of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Clinical presentation in a community-based setting has not been fully clarified. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, role of thrombophilia, and subsequent survival following thrombosis in cancer patients. Methods A retrospective review was undertaken of clinical data for all consecutive patients with histologically confirmed cancer seen by the author at a regional cancer center, with emphasis on cancer-related thrombosis. Results Between 2005 and 2012, of 1874 cancer patients, 307 (16.4%) developed thrombosis during their lifetime. Of these patients, 37 (2%) had a history of thrombosis, while the remaining 270 (14.4%) patients developed thrombosis 3 months before or any time after diagnosis of cancer, which was considered to be cancer-related. These patients included 230 (12.3%) with venous thrombosis, 28 (1.5%) cases with arterial occlusion, and 12 (0.6%) with combined venous and arterial thrombosis. Patients of Caucasian ancestry were more prone to develop thrombosis, with a higher frequency of multiple genetic thrombophilia compared with other ethnic groups. In regression analysis, only advanced stages of cancer and the presence of atherosclerosis were predictive of thrombosis. There were no significant differences between venous and arterial thrombosis. The worst survival was noted in patients who developed thrombosis 3 months prior to or shortly after their diagnosis of cancer. There has been a recent improved survival outcome following therapy. Conclusion In addition to venous thrombosis, arterial occlusion with stroke and anginal symptoms is relatively common among cancer patients, especially those of Caucasian ancestry, and is possibly related to genetic predisposition. PMID:23926439

Amer, Magid H

2013-01-01

37

[Post-transfusional platelet increment: effect of clinical factors].  

PubMed

The results of platelet transfusions depend upon a variety of different conditions; besides alloimmunization, a lot of clinical factors are responsible for transfusion success. The present paper tries to work out clinical findings, which are related to successful or unsuccessful platelet transfusions. The following criteria could be identified to influence posttransfusion platelet increment: hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, diagnosis, antibiotics, number and time of previous platelet transfusions. AB0 compatibility, pretransfusion storage time and leucocyte contamination. Therefore, in platelet transfusion therapy a high value should be set on AB0 compatibility, brief storage time and low leucocyte contamination, since these parameters--in contrast to the other influencing factors--can easily be controlled. PMID:9480144

Muggenthaler, K H; Böck, M; Heim, M U; Mempel, W

1994-01-01

38

Gangrenous stomatitis (cancrum oris): clinical features, etiologic factors, and complications.  

PubMed

Gangrenous stomatitis (cancrum oris) is a lesion involving the orofacial structures that is primarily seen in areas where the socioeconomic standards are low and there is poor hygiene. The general clinical features, associated etiologic factors, and ensuing complications in eight consecutive cases diagnosed between 1991 and 1995 are presented and discussed. PMID:10332380

Chindia, M L; Guthua, S W; Kimaro, S S; Moshy, J

1997-04-01

39

Varied clinical presentation of os odontoideum: a case report  

PubMed Central

Objective: To present a case of an os odontoideum and to provide insight into the varied clinical presentations. Clinical Features: A 54 year old man presented with chronic neck pain without headache. A clinical examination was performed and the chiropractor viewed his AP and lateral radiographs. Previous flexion/ extension radiographs and MRI imaging from 2009 were requested for review. The patient was diagnosed with grade II mechanical neck pain. Treatment was rendered that day which included spinal manipulation/ mobilization. Several days later the requested imaging reports were received and described the presence of an os odontoideum. Conclusion: In the presence of os odontoideum, familiarity with the signs and symptoms of potential cervical instability is imperative. Health care providers must remain diligent in their patient histories, physical exams, and imaging. This case highlights the importance of following up on imaging studies to rule out diagnoses that would involve treatment contraindications thus ensuring safe and effective treatment. PMID:25202154

Chrobak, Karen; Larson, Ryan; Stern, Paula J.

2014-01-01

40

What type of different clinical manifestations can cardiac sarcoidosis present?  

PubMed

Cardiac sarcoidosis is an infiltrative, granulomatous inflammatory disease of the myocardium. Generally, it can be difficult to diagnose cardiac sarcoidosis clinically because of the non-specific nature of its clinical manifestations. This property can be based on the presence of any clinical evidence of sarcoidosis in the other organs. We present two cases of cardiac sarcoidosis so as to demonstrate its different clinical manifestations. The first patient displayed no cardiac symptoms; the electrocardiogram showed an incidental right bundle branch block. Her cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) revealed late-phase opaque material enhancement involving the inferior and inferoseptal segment of the left ventricle. The second patient was severely symptomatic in terms of cardiac involvement, and a transthoracic echocardiogram revealed global hypokinesia and septal brightness; his ejection fraction decreased to 45 %. These cases highlighted the challenges encountered in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac sarcoidosis. CMRI should be considered in all patients who have suspected findings for cardiac involvement. PMID:25429793

Sentürk, Ay?egül; Mara?, Yüksel; Argüder, Emine; Karalezli, Ay?egül; Hasano?lu, H Canan; O?üt, Tuba; Ba?tu?, Serdal; Karabekir, Ercan

2014-11-28

41

Inflammation and clinical presentation in neurodegenerative disease: a volatile relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

A proposed immune mechanism that potentially modifies or exacerbates neurodegenerative disease presentation in older adults has received considerable attention in the past decade, with recent studies demonstrating a strong link between pro-inflammatory markers and neurodegeneration. The overarching aim of the following review is to synthesize recent research that supports a possible relationship between inflammation and clinical features of neurodegenerative diseases,

Brianne Magouirk Bettcher; Joel H. Kramer

2012-01-01

42

Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: report of two cases with unconventional clinical presentations.  

PubMed

Aims: Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare astrocytic neoplasm with a relative circumscribed architecture that typically arises superficially in the cerebral hemispheres of teenagers and young adults. Our aim is to highlight unconventional clinical presentations of this distinct neoplasm. Materials and methods: We report two cases of PXA with unconventional clinical features, including clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical features. Results: The first case developed in the left frontal lobe of a 20-year-old female with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Focal anaplastic features were present. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive for GFAP, S-100 protein and focally for synaptophysin, with a MIB-1/Ki-67 proliferative labelling index of 16%. The second case developed in a 39-year-old female as a suprasellar neoplasm. The neoplastic cells expressed GFAP, S-100 protein and focally CD34. The adenohypophysis was positive for synaptophysin and pituicytes for TTF1. Molecular studies were negative for BRAF (V600E) mutation in both cases. Conclusion: PXA is a distinct circumscribed neoplasm that may present in unexpected locations or clinical backgrounds. Neuropathologists must be aware of these unconventional presentations in order to provide a precise diagnosis leading to appropriate treatment. PMID:25034704

Vizcaíno, M Adelita; Caccamo, Dario V; Fox, Ellen; Rodriguez, Fausto J

43

Student Research Day Award Winners, 2012 Clinical Research Oral Presentations  

E-print Network

-Low Breast Cancer: A molecular subtype associated with poor prognosis". 2nd Place Dr. Kara Schnarr, Radiation of androgen-deprivation-therapy induced osteoporosis in patients with prostate cancer". Basic Science Research presentation entitled "The effects of fractionated radiotherapy on lymphocyte radiation response". Clinical

Thompson, Michael

44

Age-related macular degeneration: linking clinical presentation to pathology.  

PubMed

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide in the elderly population. Optometrists, as primary eye health care providers, require the skills and knowledge to accurately diagnose and manage AMD patients. There is an overwhelming body of research related to the clinical presentation, etiology, epidemiology, and pathology of this disease. Additionally, the evolution of new imaging modalities creates new opportunities to clinically detect and analyze previously uncharacterized and earlier changes in the retina. The challenge for optometrists is to combine all this information into an applicable knowledge base for use in everyday clinical assessment of AMD so that timely and accurate referrals can be made to retinal specialists. This review attempts to address this issue by linking the clinical presentation of AMD with the underlying disease biology. We emphasize the contribution of recent noninvasive imaging technologies to the clinical assessment of early and more advanced AMD including optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and infrared reflectance. PMID:24879089

Nivison-Smith, Lisa; Milston, Rebecca; Madigan, Michele; Kalloniatis, Michael

2014-08-01

45

Growth Factors in Wound Healing: The Present and the Future?  

PubMed

Clinical studies confirm the pivotal role of growth factors in wound healing and their diminished levels in the chronic wound. Results with traditional bolus dosing of a single growth factor have yielded insignificant results, which may be the result of the inherent short half-life of growth factors, hostile microenvironment rich in protease activity, and poor delivery mechanisms. Technologies capable of delivering multiple growth factors in a spatially oriented approach include polymer systems, scaffolds, and hydrogels. With improved delivery systems, treating chronic wounds with growth factors potentially accelerates healing in a manner not previously realized with traditional delivery approaches. PMID:25440422

Dinh, Thanh; Braunagel, Shawn; Rosenblum, Barry I

2015-01-01

46

Contact allergy to isothiazolinone derivatives: unusual clinical presentations.  

PubMed

Contact allergic reactions to the mixture of 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazoline-3-one and 2-methyl-4-isothiazoline-3-one are most frequently associated with intolerance to cosmetics. The present article points out that such reactions, particularly on the face, can have unusual clinical presentations that are very similar to seborrheic eczema, lupus erythematosus, lymphocytic infiltrate or photodermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is also often erroneously suspected. PMID:1498392

Morren, M A; Dooms-Goossens, A; Delabie, J; De Wolf-Peeters, C; Marien, K; Degreef, H

1992-01-01

47

Different clinical presentation of Klinefelter's syndrome in monozygotic twins.  

PubMed

There is a wide variability in the clinical presentation of Klinefelter's syndrome. We report the case of a 45-year-old man who was incidentally diagnosed a 47,XXY/46,XY karyotype in a bone marrow aspiration (case 1). He presented hypogonadic features with undetectable testosterone levels and a height in accordance with mid-parental height. He had a monozygous sibling (case 2) who did not show clinical signs of hypogonadism and whose height exceeded mid-parental height. Both patients had presented language disorders since childhood. The karyotype of lymphocytes in peripheral blood of both subjects was compatible with mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome (46,XY/47,XXY). Testosterone replacement was initiated in case 1. Lack of testicular involvement due to mosaicism and the overexpression of the SHOX gene in case 2 could explain the marked differences in phenotype in these homozygous twins. PMID:24404777

Benaiges, D; Pedro-Botet, J; Hernández, E; Tarragón, S; Chillarón, J J; Flores Le-Roux, J A

2015-02-01

48

Pleural mesothelioma presenting as periumbilical metastasis: the first clinical documentation.  

PubMed

Introduction. Pleural mesothelioma with metastasis to the subcutaneous tissue of the abdominal wall at first diagnosis and without penetration into the peritoneum is an extremely rare clinical presentation. Methods. Patients with pleural mesothelioma have low survival rate. Usually, the disease at presentation is confined to its site of origin (most often the pleural cavity). A 55-year-old man was referred to our center due to increasing dyspnea and a painful periumbilical mass in the anterior abdominal wall. CT scan revealed both advanced mesothelioma of the pleura and a tumor mass confined to the subcutaneous fatty tissue without penetration through the peritoneum. Results. Video-assisted thoracoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid pleural mesothelioma, which was also confirmed by a biopsy of the periumbilical mass. Systemic chemotherapy with cisplatin and pemetrexed was initiated. Under the ongoing systemic chemotherapy, the evaluation revealed partial remission of pleura mesothelioma and its subcutaneous manifestation of the abdominal wall. Conclusion. Mesothelioma of the pleura with a simultaneous metastasis to the subcutaneous fatty tissue of the abdominal wall at presentation without penetration of peritoneum is a rare clinical presentation of mesothelioma disease. The knowledge of its natural history is very limited. This is the first ever clinical documentation of a patient with pleura mesothelioma and simultaneous subcutaneous manifestation of abdominal wall. PMID:23691382

Falkenstern-Ge, R F; Kimmich, M; Bode-Erdmann, S; Friedel, G; Ott, G; Kohlhäufl, M

2013-01-01

49

Occult ruptured spleen--two unusual clinical presentations.  

PubMed

Case reports of two patients with occult rupture of the spleen are presented. In one, blunt trauma appeared to involve only the neck and upper chest, resulting in two distinct tracheal injuries and no clinical indication of abdominal injury. On the 5th day after injury this patient strangulated an indirect inguinal hernia. At subsequent surgery, a ruptured spleen was also found. The second patient gave no history of trauma and presented in cardiac and respiratory failure after a 2-month illness characterized by abdominal pain. On clinical and biochemical assessments, he was considered to have pancreatitis complicated by pseudocyst formation. Laparotomy revealed intra-abdominal haemorrhage and a ruptured spleen. The diagnosis and complications of occult ruptured spleen are discussed. PMID:6709557

Moore, P G; Gillies, J G; James, O F; Saltos, N

1984-02-01

50

Clinical presentation and mutations in Danish patients with Wilson disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the clinical presentation and diagnosis in all Danish patients (49, 41 unrelated) with Wilson disease (WND). On the basis of the number of diagnosed patients from 1990–2008, the prevalence was estimated to be 1:49 500. Among routinely used diagnostic tests, none were consistently indicative of WND, with the exception of the 24-h urine-Cu test, which is always

Lisbeth Birk Møller; Nina Horn; Tina Dysgaard Jeppesen; John Vissing; Flemming Wibrand; Poul Jennum; Peter Ott

2011-01-01

51

Two unique presentations of Achromobacter xylosoxidans infections in clinical settings.  

PubMed

Two rare and unique infections of Achromobacter xylosoxidans are described. The first case is a novel presentation of acute necrotising pancreatitis leading to a pancreatic pseudocyst, which was treated successfully in an immunocompetent male. The second case describes a local wound infection of metastatic ductal carcinoma of the breast; the patient consequently succumbed from a pre-existing co-morbid condition. Vigilant and efficient microbiological workup and surveillance are needed to diagnose infections by this rare pathogen in clinical settings. PMID:21389595

Eshwara, Vandana Kalwaje; Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjay; Mohan, Savitha; Prakash, Rajath; Pai, Ganesh

2011-02-01

52

Suprasellar cysts: clinical presentation, surgical indications, and optimal surgical treatment  

PubMed Central

Background To describe the clinical presentation of suprasellar cysts (SSCs) and surgical indications, and compare the treatment methods of endoscopic ventriculocystostomy (VC) and ventriculocystocisternotomy (VCC). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of 73 consecutive patients with SSC who were treated between June 2002 and September 2009. Twenty-two patients were treated with VC and 51 with VCC. Outcome was assessed by clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging. Results The patients were divided into five groups based on age at presentation: age less than 1 year (n = 6), 1-5 years (n = 36), 6-10 years (n = 15), 11-20 years (n = 11), and 21-53 years (n = 5). The main clinical presentations were macrocrania (100%), motor deficits (50%), and gaze disturbance (33.3%) in the age less than 1 year group; macrocrania (75%), motor deficits (63.9%), and gaze disturbance (27.8%) in the 1-5 years group; macrocrania (46.7%), symptoms of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) (40.0%), endocrine dysfunction (40%), and seizures (33.3%) in the 6-10 years group; symptoms of raised ICP (54.5%), endocrine dysfunction (54.5%), and reduced visual field or acuity (36.4%) in the 11-20 years group; and symptoms of raised ICP (80.0%) and reduced visual field or acuity (40.0%) in the 21-53 years group. The overall success rate of endoscopic fenestration was 90.4%. A Kaplan-Meier curve for long-term efficacy of the two treatment modalities showed better results for VCC than for VC (p = 0.008). Conclusions Different age groups with SSCs have different main clinical presentations. VCC appears to be more efficacious than VC. PMID:21586175

2011-01-01

53

Clinically significant factors in dowel design.  

PubMed

When a method of intracoronal reinforcement is selected, many factors must be weighed. The hazards include (1) the induced stresses and the risk of fracture during placement of the dowel, (2) the probability of root perforation during post space preparation, (3) the wedging action of tapered dowels, and (4) the incidence of fracture with self-threading pins in devitalized teeth. The amount of tooth structure that remains after endodontic therapy and post space preparation is paramount. Endodontic and restorative treatment must be aimed at preserving tooth structure to provide strength and resistance to fracture of the pulpless tooth. To fabricate a large-diameter dowel with a strength that greatly exceeds that of the endodontically treated root decreases the prognosis for clinical success. PMID:6379161

Sorensen, J A; Martinoff, J T

1984-07-01

54

Dosing equation for tacrolimus using genetic variants and clinical factors  

PubMed Central

AIM To develop a dosing equation for tacrolimus, using genetic and clinical factors from a large cohort of kidney transplant recipients. Clinical factors and six genetic variants were screened for importance towards tacrolimus clearance (CL/F). METHODS Clinical data, tacrolimus troughs and corresponding doses were collected from 681 kidney transplant recipients in a multicentre observational study in the USA and Canada for the first 6 months post transplant. The patients were genotyped for 2 724 single nucleotide polymorphisms using a customized Affymetrix SNP chip. Clinical factors and the most important SNPs (rs776746, rs12114000, rs3734354, rs4926, rs3135506 and rs2608555) were analysed for their influence on tacrolimus CL/F. RESULTS The CYP3A5*1 genotype, days post transplant, age, transplant at a steroid sparing centre and calcium channel blocker (CCB) use significantly influenced tacrolimus CL/F. The final model describing CL/F (l h?1) was: 38.4 ×[(0.86, if days 6–10) or (0.71, if days 11–180)]×[(1.69, if CYP3A5*1/*3 genotype) or (2.00, if CYP3A5*1/*1 genotype)]× (0.70, if receiving a transplant at a steroid sparing centre) × ([age in years/50]?0.4) × (0.94, if CCB is present). The dose to achieve the desired trough is then prospectively determined using the individuals CL/F estimate. CONCLUSIONS The CYP3A5*1 genotype and four clinical factors were important for tacrolimus CL/F. An individualized dose is easily determined from the predicted CL/F. This study is important towards individualization of dosing in the clinical setting and may increase the number of patients achieving the target concentration. This equation requires validation in an independent cohort of kidney transplant recipients. PMID:21671989

Passey, Chaitali; Birnbaum, Angela K; Brundage, Richard C; Oetting, William S; Israni, Ajay K; Jacobson, Pamala A

2011-01-01

55

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endogenous endophthalmitis: clinical presentation, antibiotic susceptibility, and outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe clinical presentation, antibiotic susceptibility, and outcomes in patients with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endogenous endophthalmitis. Design Retrospective case series. Participants Four eyes of four patients with S. maltophilia endogenous endophthalmitis. Methods Retrospective chart review of culture-positive S. maltophilia endogenous endophthalmitis treated at L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India, between January 2007 and December 2012, was done. Collected information included demographic, clinical, and microbiology data. Results These four patients with S. maltophilia endogenous endophthalmitis cases accounted for 0.47% (4/836) of total bacterial endophthalmitis cases treated in this period. All patients were from a rural setting and younger than 40 years. Two of the four patients had a history of immune compromise or hospitalization. The visual acuity at presentation was less than 20/320 in all patients. Common presenting features were severe anterior and posterior segment inflammation and hypopyon. All patients underwent vitrectomy with injection of intravitreal antibiotics and dexamethasone. Direct microscopy of the vitreous sample was positive in all cases. All isolates were sensitive to fluoroquinolones and chloramphenicol; sensitivity to aminoglycosides and third-generation cephalosporins was highly variable. The final visual acuity was 20/80 or more in three patients. The time to presentation did not seem to influence the visual or anatomical outcome. Conclusion S. maltophilia is a rare cause of endogenous endophthalmitis and usually occurs in young and apparently healthy individuals. Clinical presentation is moderate to severe, and recovery is variable. Fourth-generation fluoroquinolones and chloramphenicol were the most sensitive antibiotics against S. maltophilia in this series of patients. PMID:25170244

Chhablani, Jay; Sudhalkar, Aditya; Jindal, Animesh; Das, Taraprasad; Motukupally, Swapna R; Sharma, Savitri; Pathengay, Avinash; Flynn, Harry W

2014-01-01

56

Clinical Presentations of Coenzyme Q10 Deficiency Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous syndrome which has been associated with 5 major clinical phenotypes: (1) encephalomyopathy, (2) severe infantile multisystemic disease, (3) nephropathy, (4) cerebellar ataxia, and (5) isolated myopathy. Of these phenotypes, cerebellar ataxia and syndromic or isolated nephrotic syndrome are the most common. CoQ10 deficiency predominantly presents in childhood. To date, causative mutations have been identified in a small proportion of patients, making it difficult to identify a phenotype-genotype correlation. Identification of CoQ10 deficiency is important because the disease, in particular muscle symptoms and nephropathy, frequently responds to CoQ10 supplementation. PMID:25126046

Quinzii, Catarina M.; Emmanuele, Valentina; Hirano, Michio

2014-01-01

57

Mayo Clinic urologists present findings at American Urological Association annual meeting  

Cancer.gov

Mayo Clinic researchers presented findings on prostate cancer risk, screening, treatment and other urological research at the annual meeting of the American Urological Association May 19–23 in Atlanta. In one study, of adjuvant hormonal therapy following radical prostatectomy, researchers found no adverse impact in overall survival of patients even when other health factors, specifically cardiovascular disease, were taken into account.

58

Pathology, Clinical Presentations, and Outcomes of C1q Nephropathy  

PubMed Central

C1q nephropathy is an uncommon glomerular disease with characteristic features on immunofluorescence microscopy. In this report, clinicopathologic correlations and outcomes are presented for 72 patients with C1q nephropathy. The study comprised 82 kidney biopsies from 28 children and 54 adults with male preponderance (68%). Immunofluorescence microscopy showed dominant or co-dominant staining for C1q in the mesangium and occasional glomerular capillary walls. Electron-dense deposits were observed in 48 of 53 cases. Light microscopy revealed no lesions (n = 27), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS; n = 11), proliferative glomerulonephritis (n = 20), or various other lesions (n = 14). Clinical presentations in the patients who had no lesions histology were normal urine examination (7%), asymptomatic hematuria and/or proteinuria (22%), and nephrotic syndrome (minimal change-like lesion; 63%), which frequently relapsed. All patients with FSGS presented with nephrotic syndrome. Those with proliferative glomerulonephritis usually presented with chronic kidney disease (75%) or asymptomatic urine abnormalities (20%). Of the patients with sufficient follow-up data, complete remission of the nephrotic syndrome occurred in 77% of those with a minimal change–like lesion, progression to end-stage renal disease occurred in 33% of those with FSGS, and renal disease remained stable in 57% of those with proliferative glomerulonephritis. In conclusion, this study identified two predominant clinicopathologic subsets of C1q nephropathy: (1) Podocytopathy with a minimal change–like lesion or FSGS, which typically presents with nephrotic syndrome, and (2) a typical immune complex–mediated glomerular disease that varies from no glomerular lesions to diverse forms of glomerular proliferation, which typically presents as chronic kidney disease. Clinical presentation, histology, outcomes, and presumably pathogenesis of C1q nephropathy are heterogeneous. PMID:18650484

Vizjak, Alenka; Ferluga, Dušan; Roži?, Mojca; Hvala, Anastazija; Lindi?, Jelka; Levart, Tanja Kersnik; Jur?i?, Vesna; Jennette, J. Charles

2008-01-01

59

Pathology, clinical presentations, and outcomes of C1q nephropathy.  

PubMed

C1q nephropathy is an uncommon glomerular disease with characteristic features on immunofluorescence microscopy. In this report, clinicopathologic correlations and outcomes are presented for 72 patients with C1q nephropathy. The study comprised 82 kidney biopsies from 28 children and 54 adults with male preponderance (68%). Immunofluorescence microscopy showed dominant or co-dominant staining for C1q in the mesangium and occasional glomerular capillary walls. Electron-dense deposits were observed in 48 of 53 cases. Light microscopy revealed no lesions (n = 27), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS; n = 11), proliferative glomerulonephritis (n = 20), or various other lesions (n = 14). Clinical presentations in the patients who had no lesions histology were normal urine examination (7%), asymptomatic hematuria and/or proteinuria (22%), and nephrotic syndrome (minimal change-like lesion; 63%), which frequently relapsed. All patients with FSGS presented with nephrotic syndrome. Those with proliferative glomerulonephritis usually presented with chronic kidney disease (75%) or asymptomatic urine abnormalities (20%). Of the patients with sufficient follow-up data, complete remission of the nephrotic syndrome occurred in 77% of those with a minimal change-like lesion, progression to end-stage renal disease occurred in 33% of those with FSGS, and renal disease remained stable in 57% of those with proliferative glomerulonephritis. In conclusion, this study identified two predominant clinicopathologic subsets of C1q nephropathy: (1) Podocytopathy with a minimal change-like lesion or FSGS, which typically presents with nephrotic syndrome, and (2) a typical immune complex-mediated glomerular disease that varies from no glomerular lesions to diverse forms of glomerular proliferation, which typically presents as chronic kidney disease. Clinical presentation, histology, outcomes, and presumably pathogenesis of C1q nephropathy are heterogeneous. PMID:18650484

Vizjak, Alenka; Ferluga, Dusan; Rozic, Mojca; Hvala, Anastazija; Lindic, Jelka; Levart, Tanja Kersnik; Jurci?, Vesna; Jennette, J Charles

2008-11-01

60

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting as Acute Adrenal Insufficiency: A Rare Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a complex autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement with varied presentation. Autoimmune adrenal disease, on the other hand, can be associated with other autoimmune diseases. Adrenal insufficiency as a presenting feature of Systemic lupus erythematosus is a rare occurrence. We hereby report a case of a 20 year-old female who presented to us in an acute hypoadrenal state and was found to have Systemic lupus erythematosus with renal involvement. Patient was successfully managed with steroids and improved clinically. PMID:24669348

Bhat, RA; Khan, I; Mir, T; Khan, I; Wani, M

2014-01-01

61

Systemic lupus erythematosus presenting as acute adrenal insufficiency: a rare clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a complex autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement with varied presentation. Autoimmune adrenal disease, on the other hand, can be associated with other autoimmune diseases. Adrenal insufficiency as a presenting feature of Systemic lupus erythematosus is a rare occurrence. We hereby report a case of a 20 year-old female who presented to us in an acute hypoadrenal state and was found to have Systemic lupus erythematosus with renal involvement. Patient was successfully managed with steroids and improved clinically. PMID:24669348

Bhat, Ra; Khan, I; Mir, T; Khan, I; Wani, M

2014-01-01

62

Clinical and Histopathological Prognostic Factors in Chondrosarcomas  

PubMed Central

Purpose. In an attempt to identify clinical and histopathological factors of prognostic importance in chondrosarcomas, 115 cases of malignant and borderline chondromatous tumours were reviewed. Patients/methods. Histopathological features tested for prognostic information as well as reproducibility included cellularity, nuclear pleomorphism, multinucleated cells, mitotic activity and grade. Eleven patients had a biopsy only, and a short survival (median 2.0 years); these were excluded from further analysis. The remaining 104 patients who had received intended curative treatment had a median survival of 14.7 years. Results. In univariate analysis, tumour size, extra-compartmental growth, surgical margin and sex were significantly correlated to recurrence-free survival (RFS); sex was marginally significant while age, site and pathological parameters were not significant. Overall survival (OAS) was likewise found to be independent of pathological features as well as site, size and surgical margin; but age, sex and extra-compartmental growth were statistically significant. However, when the same parameters were entered into a stepwise Cox (multivariate) analysis, only surgical margin, cellularity and pleomorphism were significantly related to RFS; margin, grade, pleomorphism and age to OAS. Overall inter-observer agreement on grade was relatively low: 0.54, with a Kappa value of 0.32. It was not better for the other histological parameters, with the exception of the mitotic count. However, acceptable values were achieved when the material was divided into low-grade (grade I and below) vs high-grade (grade II and III) lesions: overall agreement 0.79, Kappa 0.56. Discussion. Although the grading of chondrosarcomas is in need of improvement, its replacement by semiquantitative evaluation of individual histopathological parameters as performed in this study offers no advantage. Among the clinical parameters, only the adequacy of the surgical treatment and the patient's age appear to be important. PMID:18521200

Myhre-Jensen, Olaf; Schiødt, Torben; Jurik, Anne G.; Keller, Johnny; Mouridsen, Henning T.; Lund, Bjarne

1997-01-01

63

Review of Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis of Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA  

PubMed Central

Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA) was described in 1929 by Luis Morquio from Uruguay and James Brailsford from England, and was later found as an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. MPS IVA is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the enzyme, N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS). Reduced GALNS activity results in impaired catabolism of two glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S) and keratan sulfate (KS). Clinical presentations of MPS IVA reflect a spectrum of progression from a severe ”classical” phenotype to a mild “attenuated” phenotype. More than 180 different mutations have been identified in the GALNS gene, which likely explains the phenotypic heterogeneity of the disorder. Accumulation of C6S and KS manifests predominantly as short stature and skeletal dysplasia (dysostosis multiplex), including atlantoaxial instability and cervical cord compression. However, abnormalities in the visual, auditory, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems can also affect individuals with MPS IVA. Diagnosis is typically based on clinical examination, skeletal radiographs, urinary GAG, and enzymatic activity of GALNS in blood cells or fibroblasts. Deficiency of GALNS activity is a common assessment for the laboratory diagnosis of MPS IVA; however, with recently increased availability, gene sequencing for MPS IVA is often used to confirm enzyme results. As multiple clinical presentations are observed, diagnosis of MPS IVA may require multi-system considerations. This review provides a history of defining MPS IVA and how the understanding of the disease manifestations has changed over time. A summary of the accumulated knowledge is presented, including information from the International Morquio Registry. The classical phenotype is contrasted with attenuated cases, which are now being recognized and diagnosed more frequently. Laboratory based diagnoses of MPS IVA are also discussed. PMID:23665161

Hendriksz, C.J.; Harmatz, P.; Beck, M.; Jones, S.; Wood, T.; Lachman, R.; Gravance, C.G.

2013-01-01

64

Macular lymphocytic arteritis: first clinical presentation with ulcers.  

PubMed

Macular lymphocytic arteritis describes a recently reported entity, clinically characterized by asymptomatic hyperpigmented macules on the lower limbs, without association of systemic diseases. Histopathologically it is characterized by a lymphocytic arteritis with a hyalinized fibrin ring. We report a new case presenting with ulceration, a finding not previously described. A 25-year-old Hispanic woman was evaluated for a 1-year history of a gradually progressive, asymptomatic eruption that begins at level of both knees and progressively affects both legs and feet. She also referred recently appeared ulcers on inner right ankle without previous traumatism. Physical examination revealed multiple fairly well-defined light brown and faint pink patches with petechiae on as well as retiform crusts and livedoid lesions on inner right ankle. Both types of lesions were biopsied showing lymphocytic arteritis with fibrinoid necrosis and thrombus. There were no relevant laboratory alterations. The clinical peculiarity of our case is the clinical image of the lesions mimicking a pigmented purpuric dermatosis and the presence of a non-traumatic ulcer which could be explained because chronic lymphocytic damage may cause ischemic damage. Ulceration in our case supports consideration of macular arteritis as a latent form of cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa. PMID:23384039

Llamas-Velasco, M; García-Martín, P; Sánchez-Pérez, J; Sotomayor, E; Fraga, J; García-Diez, A

2013-04-01

65

Subacute Thyroiditis: Clinical Presentation and Long Term Outcome  

PubMed Central

Few studies have been reported from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (SA) to describe the clinical presentation and long term outcomes of subacute thyroiditis (SAT). Our aim was to review the demographic, anthropometric, clinical presentation, laboratory results, treatment, and disease outcome in Riyadh region and to compare those with results from different regions of the Kingdom and different parts of the world. We reviewed the medical files of patients who underwent thyroid uptake scan during an 8-year period in King Khalid University Hospital. Only 25 patients had confirmed diagnosis of thyroiditis. Age and gender distribution were similar to other studies. Most patients presented with palpitation, goiter, and weight change. Elevated thyroid hormones, suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone, and elevated ESR were reported. Among those, 7 cases of SAT were recorded. ?-Blockers were prescribed to 57% and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to 29% of SAT. Long follow-up demonstrated that 85.7% of SAT cases recovered, while 14.3% developed permanent hypothyroidism. In conclusion, SAT is uncommon in the central region of SA. Compared to the western region, corticosteroid is not commonly prescribed, and permanent hypothyroidism is not uncommon. A nation-wide epidemiological study to explain these interprovincial differences is warranted. PMID:24803929

Alfadda, Assim A.; Sallam, Reem M.; Elawad, Ghadi E.; AlDhukair, Hisham; Alyahya, Mossaed M.

2014-01-01

66

Clinical Presentation of Prostate Cancer in Black South Africans  

PubMed Central

Background Compared with White Americans, Black American men are at a significant increased risk of presenting with prostate cancer (PCa) and associated mortality, suggesting a link to African-ancestry. However, PCa status within Africa is largely unknown. We address the clinical presentation of PCa within Black South African men. Methods Over 1,000 participants with or without PCa have enrolled in the Southern African Prostate Cancer Study (SAPCS). Using genome-wide profiling we establish a unique within Africa population substructure. Adjusting for age, clinical variables were assessed, compared against Black Americans and between rural and urban localities while addressing potential socio-demographic confounders. Results We report a significant difference in the distribution of prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels skewed towards higher PSA levels in the PCa cases (83.0% present with a PSA???20?µg/L; median PSA?=?98.8?µg/L) relative to men with no detectable PCa (18.5% present with a PSA???20?µg/L; median PSA?=?9.1?µg/L). Compared with Black Americans, Black South Africans presented with significantly more aggressive disease defined by Gleason score >7 (17% and 36%, respectively) and PSA???20?µg/L (17.2% and 83.2%, respectively). We report exasperated disease aggression defined by Gleason score >7 (P?=?0.0042) and poorly differentiated tumor grade (P?present with higher PSA levels and histopathological tumor grade compared with Black Americans, which is further escalated in men from rural localities. Our data suggests that lack of PSA testing may be contributing to an aggressive PCa disease phenotype within South African men. PMID:24723425

Tindall, Elizabeth A; Monare, L Richard; Petersen, Desiree C; van Zyl, Smit; Hardie, Rae-Anne; Segone, Alpheus M; Venter, Philip A; Bornman, MS Riana; Hayes, Vanessa M

2014-01-01

67

Stroke and Pregnancy: Clinical Presentation, Evaluation, Treatment and Epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Stroke is a neurological emergency that carries a risk of morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have shown that the incidence of stroke, while rare, is increasing in pregnant females. In this review, stroke and other vasculopathies in the pregnant and post-partum female are examined. A discussion of the symptoms and clinical presentation of stroke is provided, as well as the current guideline for treatment of stroke in pregnancy. Finally, the data illustrating the recent increases in stroke incidence is outlined. PMID:23632643

Grear, Karrie E; Bushnell, Cheryl D

2013-01-01

68

American tegumentary leishmaniasis: an uncommon clinical and histopathological presentation.  

PubMed

We report a case of an unusual presentation of American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis involving a male patient with a solitary lesion on the ear lobe, persisting with minimal increase for at least six months without ulceration or related symptoms. The histological sections showed epithelial atrophy and a large number of structures consistent with Leishmania sp. amastigotes within macrophages. Treatment commenced with meglumine antimoniate resulting in regression of the condition. This report is of importance given the unusual clinical manifestation and histopathological findings in this case and the fact that there was low correlation with the extended duration of the disease. PMID:23739691

Adriano, Adrilena Lopes; Leal, Paula Azevedo Borges; Breckenfeld, Marcelle Parente; Costa, Igor dos Santos; Almeida, Clarisse; Sousa, Antônio Renê Diógenes de

2013-01-01

69

[Case report: unusual clinical presentation of a follicular lymphoma].  

PubMed

Follicular lymphoma is an indolent B-cell lymphoma. Fluctuant asymptomatic lymphadenopathies are their usual clinical manifestation. B-cell neoplasms can sometimes involve the skin. In this case, it is important to distinguish a systemic B-cell lymphoma with secondary skin involvement from primary cutaneous lymphoma. Immunohistochemical stainings and staging usually allow to make the difference. Here we report the first case of a systemic follicular lymphoma with secondary cutaneous involvement presented with papular lesions on the face mimicking a rosacea. PMID:24772807

Sahil, M; Prins, C; Kaya, G; Poffet, F; Boehncke, W-H; Cortés, B

2014-04-01

70

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Clinical presentation in 261 patients.  

PubMed

We prospectively evaluated the initial presenting symptoms in 261 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) over a 25-year period. Twenty-two percent of the patients had multiple endocrine neoplasia-type 1 (MEN-1) with ZES. Mean age at onset was 41.1 +/- 0.7 years, with MEN-1 patients presenting at a younger age than those with sporadic ZES (p < 0.0001). Three percent of the patients had onset of the disease < age 20 years, and 7% > 60 years. A mean delay to diagnosis of 5.2 +/- 0.4 years occurred in all patients. A shorter duration of symptoms was noted in female patients and in patients with liver metastases. Abdominal pain and diarrhea were the most common symptoms, present in 75% and 73% of patients, respectively. Heartburn and weight loss, which were uncommonly reported in early series, were present in 44% and 17% of patients, respectively. Gastrointestinal bleeding was the initial presentation in a quarter of the patients. Patients rarely presented with only 1 symptom (11%); pain and diarrhea was the most frequent combination, occurring in 55% of patients. An important presenting sign that should suggest ZES is prominent gastric body folds, which were noted on endoscopy in 94% of patients; however, esophageal stricture and duodenal or pyloric scarring, reported in numerous case reports, were noted in only 4%-10%. Patients with MEN-1 presented less frequently with pain and bleeding and more frequently with nephrolithiasis. Comparing the clinical presentation before the introduction of histamine H2-receptor antagonists (pre-1980, n = 36), after the introduction of histamine H2-receptor antagonists (1981-1989, n = 118), and after the introduction of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (> 1990, n = 106) demonstrates no change in age of onset; delay in diagnosis; frequency of pain, diarrhea, weight loss; or frequency of complications of severe peptic disease (bleeding, perforations, esophageal strictures, pyloric scarring). Since the introduction of histamine H2-receptor antagonists, fewer patients had a previous history of gastric acid-reducing surgery or total gastrectomy. Only 1 patient evaluated after 1980 had a total gastrectomy, and this was done in 1977. The location of the primary tumor in general had a minimal effect on the clinical presentation, causing no effect on the age at presentation, delay in diagnosis, frequency of nephrolithiasis, or severity of disease (strictures, perforations, peptic ulcers, pyloric scarring). Disease extent had a minimal effect on symptoms, with only bleeding being more frequent in patients with localized disease. Patients with advanced disease presented at a later age and with a shorter disease history (p = 0.001), were less likely to have MEN-1 (p = 0.0087), and tended to have diarrhea more frequently (p = 0.079). A correct diagnosis of ZES was made by the referring physician initially in only 3% of the patients. The most common misdiagnosis made were idiopathic peptic ulcer disease (71%), idiopathic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (7%), and chronic idiopathic diarrhea (7%). Other less common misdiagnosis were Crohn disease (2%) and various diarrhea diseases (celiac sprue [3%], irritable bowel syndrome [3%], infectious diarrhea [2%], and lactose intolerance [1%]). Other medical disorders were present in 55% of all patients; patients with sporadic disease had fewer other medical disorders than patients with MEN-1 (45% versus 90%, p < 0.00001). Hyperparathyroidism and a previous history of kidney stones were significantly more frequent in patients with MEN-1 than in those with sporadic ZES. Pulmonary disorders and other malignancies were also more common in patients with MEN-1. These results demonstrate that abdominal pain, diarrhea, and heartburn are the most common presenting symptoms in ZES and that heartburn and diarrhea are more common than previously reported. The presence of weight loss especially with abdominal pain, diarrhea, or heartburn is an important clue suggesting the presence of gastrinoma. The presence of prominent gastric body folds, a clinic

Roy, P K; Venzon, D J; Shojamanesh, H; Abou-Saif, A; Peghini, P; Doppman, J L; Gibril, F; Jensen, R T

2000-11-01

71

The Clinical Presentation of Celiac Disease: Experiences from Northeastern Iran  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore demographic characteristics and clinical presentations of celiac disease (CD) in Northeastern Iran. METHODS This was a cross-sectional retrospective study of 193 adults with CD who presented to Mashhad University Gastroenterology Clinic between 2008 and 2013. Patient data that included mode of presentation and the presence of any concomitant illnesses were collected. Intestinal biopsy and serum anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) were used for diagnosis. Mucosal lesions were classified according to modified Marsh classification. RESULTS Overall, 132 females and 61 males, with a mean age at diagnosis of 32.6 ± 13.2 years were included. The patient’s chief complaints in order of decreasing frequency were dyspepsia (24.6%), diarrhea (20%), anemia (12.8%), and flatulence (7.2%). Bone disease was seen (osteopenia, osteoporosis) in 30% of patients. A positive family history of CD was found in 17.9% of cases. There were 64% who had serum anti-tTG >200 units/ml and 78% had a Marsh classification grade 3 on duodenal biopsy. The histology grade (Marsh) did not show any correlation with anti-tTG serum levels, age, body mass index (BMI) or hemoglobin levels. CONCLUSION In Northeastern Iran, CD was seen more commonly in females and with non-diarrheal presentations. Abdominal discomfort, anemia and bone disease were most common primary presentations in this area. Histology grade showed no significant correlation with level of anti-tTG, BMI or hemoglobin levels. We suggest screening for CD in unexplained abdominal discomfort, bone disease and anemia. PMID:24872868

Ganji, Azita; Esmaielzadeh, Abbas; Aafzal Aghayee, Mehdi; Goshayeshi, Ladan; Ghaffarzadegan, Kamran

2014-01-01

72

Typical and atypical clinical presentation of uterine myomas.  

PubMed

Myoma is the most common benign neoplasm that can occur in the female reproductive system, most frequently seen in women in their 50s. Although the majority of myomas are asymptomatic, some patients have symptoms and/or signs of varying degrees. Typical myoma-related symptoms or signs include: (1) menstrual disturbances like menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea and intermenstrual bleeding, (2) pelvic pain unrelated to menstruation, (3) compression symptoms, similar to a sensation of bloatedness, urinary frequency and constipation, (4) subfertility status such as recurrent abortion, preterm labor, dystocia with an increased incidence of Cesarean section, and postpartum hemorrhage, and (5) cosmetic problems due to increased abdominal girth However, there are undoubtedly some clinical presentations secondary to uterine myomas are not so specific, such as: (1) uncommon compression-related symptoms, (2) cardiac symptom and atypical symptoms secondary to vascular involvement or dissemination, (3) abdominal symptoms mimicking pelvic carcinomatosis, (4) dyspnea, (5) pruritus, (6) hiccup or internal bleeding, and (7) vaginal protruding mass or uterine inversion. Familiarization with these symptoms and awareness of other unusual or atypical presentations of uterine myomas will remind clinical practitioners of their significance, and of the necessity of follow-up examinations and individualized management to fit the needs and childbirth desires of the patients. PMID:23089399

Su, Wen-Hsiang; Lee, Wen-Ling; Cheng, Ming-Huei; Yen, Ming-Shyen; Chao, Kuan-Chong; Wang, Peng-Hui

2012-10-01

73

X linked adrenoleukodystrophy: clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapy  

PubMed Central

X linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is an inherited disorder of peroxisomal metabolism, biochemically characterised by accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids. Accumulation of these fatty acids is associated with cerebral demyelination, peripheral nerve abnormalities, and adrenocortical and testicular insufficiency. The lowest estimated birth incidence is one per 100 000. At least six phenotypes can be distinguished, of which the two most frequent are childhood cerebral ALD and adrenomyeloneuropathy. The X-ALD gene has been identified, but thus far no relation between genotype and phenotype has been found. Diagnosis is relatively easy and can be confirmed reliably, and prenatal testing is possible in affected families. Several therapeutic options, some with promising perspectives, are available. Neurologists and other physicians seem not to be familiar with the many facets of X-ALD. In this review, the clinical presentation, the relative frequencies of the different phenotypes, and the diagnostic and therapeutic options are presented.?? PMID:9221959

van Geel, B. M; Assies, J.; Wanders, R.; Barth, P.

1997-01-01

74

Familial Dementia With Lewy Bodies With an Atypical Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

The authors report a case of a 64-year-old male with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) pathology at autopsy who did not manifest the core symptoms of DLB until very late in his clinical course. His initial presentation of early executive and language dysfunction suggested a cortical dementia similar to frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Core symptoms of DLB including dementia, hallucination, and parkinsonian symptoms were not apparent until late in the course of his illness. Autopsy revealed both brainstem and cortical Lewy bodies and AD pathology. Family history revealed 7 relatives with a history of dementia including 4 with possible or probable DLB. This case is unique because of the FTLD-like presentation, positive family history of dementia, and autopsy confirmation of DLB. PMID:12641375

Bonner, Lauren T.; Tsuang, Debby W.; Cherrier, Monique M.; Eugenio, Charisma J.; Du, Jennifer Q.; Steinbart, Ellen J.; Limprasert, Pornprot; La Spada, Albert R.; Seltzer, Benjamin; Bird, Thomas D.; Leverenz, James B.

2006-01-01

75

Clinical presentation and protocol for management of hepatic sarcoidosis.  

PubMed

The liver is one of the most commonly involved extrapulmonary sites in sarcoidosis. Hepatic sarcoidosis has a broad range of presentations from scattered, asymptomatic noncaseating granulomas with normal liver enzymes, which are very common in patients with known pulmonary sarcoidosis, to portal hypertension and cirrhosis, which are relatively uncommon. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, laboratory and histological manifestations. The authors' protocol for management of patients with suspected sarcoidosis of the liver without focal lesions includes a transjugular liver biopsy with portal pressure measurements to confirm the diagnosis, rule out coexisting liver diseases and to identify select patients with fibrosis or portal hypertension for consideration of immunosuppression. Steroids and azathioprine are the preferred agents and methotrexate is not recommended. PMID:25473783

Modaresi Esfeh, Jamak; Culver, Daniel; Plesec, Thomas; John, Binu

2014-12-01

76

Thymic neoplasm: a rare disease with a complex clinical presentation  

PubMed Central

Thymic neoplasms constitute a broad category of rare lesions with a wide spectrum of pathologic characteristics and clinical presentations which therefore require a high index of suspicion to diagnose. The natural history of the disease is seldom predictable, anywhere from an indolent to an aggressively malignant course. Although the classification and staging of these lesions are complex and controversial, complete radical surgical resection remains the gold standard of therapy. Radiation and chemotherapy are important elements of the multimodality approach to treating these patients and it is important for thoracic surgeons to work closely with their colleagues in other disciplines in the management of and future research endeavors in thymic neoplasm. In this review, we discuss the evaluation of the patient with an anterior mediastinal mass, the classification and staging of thymic neoplasms, the role of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy in treating this disease, as well as future directions in research for novel targeted therapies. PMID:23585946

Rashid, Omar M.; Cassano, Anthony D.

2013-01-01

77

Key Diagnostic Finding in a Condition with Variable Clinical Presentations  

PubMed Central

This is an interesting case series on a very common genetic condition which are often diagnosed late as clinical signs are inconspicuous. We would like to highlight the principal clinical examination finding which led to diagnosis. PMID:23984150

Sukumaran, Anju; Buchlis, John

2013-01-01

78

Coccidioidal meningitis: clinical presentation and management in the fluconazole era.  

PubMed

Despite the advent of new antifungal agents, coccidioidal meningitis (CM) remains a difficult-to-treat condition with significant morbidity and mortality. In this study we directly compare the clinical presentation and management of patients with Coccidioides immitis meningitis in the azole era (after 1980) to that of a cohort of patients from the pre-azole era. We reviewed 30 CM cases seen at 3 Los Angeles hospitals between the years 1993 to 2008 ("2008 cohort") and compared them to 31 patients ("1980 cohort") described by Bouza et al in a previous study. The demographics and clinical presentation of patients in the 2008 cohort were similar to those of the 1980 cohort except for a higher incidence of Hispanic patients (2008: 53% vs. 1980: 6%) and a greater percentage of patients with underlying, predisposing clinical conditions (2008: 66% vs. 1980: 32%). Ten patients in the 2008 cohort had human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), a condition not reported in the earlier study. Laboratory findings were similar between the 2 groups except for a lower incidence of peripheral leukocytosis and eosinophilia in the 2008 group.There were marked differences in drug treatment between the 2 eras. In the 2008 cohort, 29 patients received fluconazole therapy: 13 were treated with fluconazole monotherapy, and 16 received a combination of fluconazole and intravenous amphotericin B. Although almost all patients (29/31) in the 1980 cohort received intrathecal amphotericin B, only 3 patients in the 2008 study received amphotericin B via this route. With respect to complications of CM, a similar percentage of patients in each cohort developed complications such as stroke and hydrocephalus. The 2008 cohort (40%) had similar mortality compared to patients in the 1980 study (39%); survivors in both groups experienced significant impairment of activities of daily living. Although recommended as first-line therapy for CM, azole-based therapies are not curative and do not necessarily prevent complications associated with the disease.CM remains a serious illness with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Immunocompromised individuals, especially those with HIV/AIDS, are at special risk for CM and represent a greater share of the overall population with this condition. Despite the clear advantages of azole treatment in CM, new therapeutic approaches are needed to provide definitive cure and to reduce the need for long-term suppressive therapy. PMID:20827104

Mathisen, Glenn; Shelub, Aaron; Truong, Jonathan; Wigen, Christine

2010-09-01

79

Tuberculosis of the head and neck – epidemiological and clinical presentation  

PubMed Central

Introduction The aim of our retrospective study was to review the clinical and epidemiological presentation of head and neck tuberculosis. Material and methods We analyzed the history of 73 patients with head and neck tuberculosis hospitalized in the Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Warsaw, between 1983 and 2009. Results We found that 26 (35.6%) patients presented with lymph node tuberculosis, 20 (27.4%) with laryngeal tuberculosis, 10 (13.7%) with oropharyngeal tuberculosis, 9 (12.3%) with salivary gland tuberculosis, 3 (4.1%) with tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses, 3 (4.1%) with aural tuberculosis, and 2 (2.7%) with skin tuberculosis in the head and neck region. Within the group of patients with lymph node tuberculosis in 15 cases there were infected lymph nodes of the 2nd and 3rd cervical region and in 11 infected lymph nodes of the 1st cervical region. In 5 cases of laryngeal tuberculosis there was detected coexistence of cancer. Oropharyngeal tuberculosis in 7 cases was localized in tonsils, where in 1 case coexisting cancer was diagnosed. Chest X-ray was performed in all cases and pulmonary tuberculosis was identified in 26 (35.6%) cases. Conclusions We conclude that tuberculosis still remains a problem and must be taken into consideration in the diagnostic process. The coincidence of tuberculosis and cancer is remarkable in the head and neck region.

Bruzgielewicz, Antoni; Osuch-Wójcikewicz, Ewa; Niemczyk, Kazimierz; Chmielewski, Rafa?

2013-01-01

80

Clinical Presentation, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita  

PubMed Central

Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a chronic mucocutaneous autoimmune skin blistering disease. The pathogenic relevance of autoantibodies targeting type VII collagen (COL7) has been well-documented. Therefore, EBA is a prototypical autoimmune disease with a well-characterized pathogenic relevance of autoantibody binding to the target antigen. EBA is a rare disease with an incidence of 0.2 new cases per million and per year. The current treatment of EBA relies on general immunosuppressive therapy, which does not lead to remission in all cases. Therefore, there is a high, so far unmet medical need for the development of novel therapeutic options. During the last 10 years, several novel in vitro and in vivo models of EBA have been established. These models demonstrated a critical role of the genetic background, T cells, and cytokines for mediating the loss of tolerance towards COL7. Neutrophils, complement activation, Fc gamma receptor engagement, cytokines, several molecules involved in cell signaling, release of reactive oxygen species, and matrix metalloproteinases are crucial for autoantibody-induced tissue injury in EBA. Based on this growing understanding of the diseases' pathogenesis, several potential novel therapeutic targets have emerged. In this review, the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and current treatment options for EBA are discussed in detail. PMID:23956869

Ludwig, Ralf J.

2013-01-01

81

Clinical presentation and operative repair of Morgagni hernia  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES Morgagni hernia (MH) is an uncommon type of diaphragmatic hernia. This study aimed to summarize clinically relevant data with respect to MHs in adults. METHODS We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent surgical repair of foramen due to MH at our hospitals between 1996 and 2010. Data were collected on patient demographics, presenting symptoms, modes of diagnosis, surgical procedures, surgery outcomes, recurrence of hernia and follow-up of the patients. RESULTS We included 36 patients with the mean age of 50.2 years. Of these 66.7% (n = 24) were female. Thirty-one patients had MH on the right side and 1 patient had bilateral MH. Most of the patients experienced abdominal symptoms. 72.2% of patients underwent laparotomy (n = 26, 72.2%), (n = 6, 16.7%) thoracotomy (n = 6, 16.7%), and a thoraco-abdominal approach (n = 4, 11.1%). Resection of the hernia sac and insertion of a mesh were not done in any patients. No recurrence occurred. CONCLUSIONS We conclude that preoperative diagnosis and early diagnosis of MH by using laparotomy and thoracotomy is useful for safe and effective repair. Also we suggest that resection of the hernia sac and insertion of a mesh are not necessary. PMID:22778140

Aghajanzadeh, Manouchehr; Khadem, Shahram; Khajeh Jahromi, Sina; Gorabi, Hamed Esmaili; Ebrahimi, Hannan; Maafi, Alireza Amir

2012-01-01

82

Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with relapse in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to examine sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with relapse in schizophrenia. The study group consisted of a convenience sample of 40 schizophrenia patients (20 patients each in relapse and remission). Relapse and remission were defined based on clinical criteria (ICD-10 criteria, course since last episode, and duration of remission) and psychometric criteria (scores on Socio-Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale [SOFAS] and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia [PANSS]). The index group was evaluated after the occurrence of current relapse but within 6 months of its onset. Sociodemographic, current psychopathology (PANSS) and functioning (SOFAS), and other (mainly retrospective) variables were assessed with a specifically designed clinical profile sheet, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Lifetime version, Presumptive Stressful life Events Scale, and World Health Organization Life Chart Schedule for Assessment of Course and Outcome of Schizophrenia. Patients who had relapsed were more symptomatic and exhibited greater dysfunction in comparison to remitted patients. Relapse in schizophrenia was significantly associated with unemployment, number of psychotic episodes, side-effects of medication, and life events score. The present findings suggest that a severe illness (no. psychotic episodes, unemployment), psychological stress and inappropriate treatment (side-effects of medicines) may be causally related to relapse in schizophrenia. However, the possibility that these variables may be caused by relapse or may be explained by a common underlying variable needs to be assessed prospectively. PMID:18081617

Chabungbam, Gobind; Avasthi, Ajit; Sharan, Pratap

2007-12-01

83

Clinical presentation and management of severe ebola virus disease.  

PubMed

Clinicians caring for patients infected with Ebola virus must be familiar not only with screening and infection control measures but also with management of severe disease. By integrating experience from several Ebola epidemics with best practices for managing critical illness, this report focuses on the clinical presentation and management of severely ill infants, children, and adults with Ebola virus disease. Fever, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia are the most common symptoms of the 2014 West African outbreak. Profound fluid losses from the gastrointestinal tract result in volume depletion, metabolic abnormalities (including hyponatremia, hypokalemia, and hypocalcemia), shock, and organ failure. Overt hemorrhage occurs infrequently. The case fatality rate in West Africa is at least 70%, and individuals with respiratory, neurological, or hemorrhagic symptoms have a higher risk of death. There is no proven antiviral agent to treat Ebola virus disease, although several experimental treatments may be considered. Even in the absence of antiviral therapies, intensive supportive care has the potential to markedly blunt the high case fatality rate reported to date. Optimal treatment requires conscientious correction of fluid and electrolyte losses. Additional management considerations include searching for coinfection or superinfection; treatment of shock (with intravenous fluids and vasoactive agents), acute kidney injury (with renal replacement therapy), and respiratory failure (with invasive mechanical ventilation); provision of nutrition support, pain and anxiety control, and psychosocial support; and the use of strategies to reduce complications of critical illness. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation may be appropriate in certain circumstances, but extracorporeal life support is not advised. Among other ethical issues, patients' medical needs must be carefully weighed against healthcare worker safety and infection control concerns. However, meticulous attention to the use of personal protective equipment and strict adherence to infection control protocols should permit the safe provision of intensive treatment to severely ill patients with Ebola virus disease. PMID:25369317

West, T Eoin; von Saint André-von Arnim, Amélie

2014-11-01

84

Relationship of trait impulsivity with clinical presentation in euthymic bipolar disorder patients.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine trait impulsivity in patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between impulsivity and clinical presentation of the illness. Diagnoses were based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. The sociodemographic and clinical properties of 71 patients with bipolar disorder, who were euthymic according to Young Mania Rating Scale and Hamilton Depression Scale scores, were recorded. Their trait impulsivity was evaluated by using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and impulsivity subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory, and the results were compared with 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls and among patients with different clinical properties. All BIS-11 subscale scores were higher in bipolar than in comparison subjects. There were no effects of education and age. Elevated BIS-11 scores were associated with predominant depressive polarity, longer duration of illness and a history of psychotic mood episodes and suicide attempts. These relationships persisted when age, gender, and education were taken into account. These results show that after accounting for common confounding factors, trait-like impulsivity was substantially higher in subjects with bipolar disorder than in nonbipolar comparison subjects and may vary according to different clinical presentations. PMID:21724267

Ekinci, Okan; Albayrak, Yakup; Ekinci, Asl? Erkan; Caykoylu, Ali

2011-12-30

85

Necrotizing Fasciitis: Clinical Presentation, Microbiology, and Determinants of Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: The paucity of cutaneous findings early in the course of the disease makes the diagnosis difficult, and only thirteen of the eighty-nine patients had a diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis at the time of admission. Preadmission treatment with antibiotics modified the initial clinical picture and often masked the severity of the underlying infec- tion. Polymicrobial synergistic infection was the most

CHIN-HO WONG; HAW-CHONG CHANG; SHANKER PASUPATHY; LAY-WAI KHIN; JEE-LIM TAN; CHENG-OOI LOW

86

A rare clinical presentation of Desmoplastic Trichilemmoma mimicking Invasive Carcinoma*  

PubMed Central

Trichilemmoma is a benign neoplasm from the outer sheath of the pilosebaceous follicle. Desmoplastic trichilemmoma, a rare variant, is histologically characterized by a central area of desmoplasia that can clinically mimic an invasive carcinoma, requiring histopathological examination to define the diagnosis. PMID:25184920

Sano, Daniela Tiemi; Yang, Jeane Jeong Hoon; Tebcherani, Antonio José; Bazzo, Luiz Arthur de Paula Machado

2014-01-01

87

[Clinical presentations and a classification of oligophrenia psychoses in children.  

PubMed

The article discusses the clinical variants of psychosis in children with mental retardation. A particular group of psychotic disorders - oligophrenia psychosis, is described. A total of 28 children (19 boys) who were hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital or treated as outpatients from 1992 to 2012 were examined. The average age of the patients was 12±1.3 years. The duration of follow-up (analysis of medical records or direct clinical observation) was up to 18 years. Almost all children had mild mental retardation (only one patient had moderate mental retardation). Diagnosis corresponded to ICD-10 codes F06.07, F06.27, F06.29, F06.817 or F06.819. Mental retardation corresponded to the second code section F70 (F71 in one case). Clinical and psychopathological methods, follow-up study, statistical analysis of the data were used. Four clinical variants of oligophrenia psychoses in children were identified: 1) psychosis with amentive confusion, 2) schizophreniform psychosis, 3) verbal hallucinosis, 4) psychosis with a predominance of psychomotor agitation. PMID:24637824

Makarov, I V

2014-01-01

88

Factor Structure of the Adolescent Clinical Sexual Behavior Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of this study was to determine if the Adolescent Clinical Sexual Behavior Inventory-Self-Report conformed to the five-factor scale format that was initially used with a clinical sample that included adolescents referred for sexual abuse evaluations. Participants were 141 teenagers, ages 12-19 (M = 15.11, SD = 1.4), and their…

Wherry, Jeffrey N.; Berres, Ashley K.; Sim, Leslie; Friedrich, William N.

2009-01-01

89

Original article Factors affecting the distribution of clinical mastitis  

E-print Network

Original article Factors affecting the distribution of clinical mastitis among udder quarters of clinical bovine mastitis between rear and front quar- ters were studied using data from a 4 year survey of commercial dairy herds in western France. The study involved 844 mastitis cases affecting 597 lactations

Boyer, Edmond

90

Original article Factors associated with clinical mastitis incidence  

E-print Network

Original article Factors associated with clinical mastitis incidence in French dairy herds during mastitis in the first 60 days of gestation (CMAI). The first decile included herd-years with low CMAI (0 calvings (December, January, Febru- ary). Clinical mastitis risk could be controlled by supplementations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Nocardiosis: Risk Factors, Clinical Characteristics and Outcome  

PubMed Central

Nocardiosis has been reported increasingly in recent two decades, probably due to improvement in isolation of the organism and increased burden of immune compromised patients. Nocardia occasionally has been reported in healthy people. A case series of definitive Nocardiosis (2002 to 2010), clinical characteristics, underlying diseases, immune status and in-patient outcome were studied in a tertiary referral center. Twenty one patients with definite diagnosis of Nocardiosis were studied. 17 cases (81%) had an underlying disease (diabetes mellitus, corticosteroid therapy, and chronic granulomatous disease and collagen vascular diseases). Four patients (19%) were immune-competent without any predisposing disease. In 17 patients (81%), Nocardiosis was limited to respiratory tract and in 4 cases (19%) it was disseminated with multi organ involvement. Two cases (9.5%) died in hospital. PMID:24349735

Alavi Darazam, Ilad; Shamaei, Masoud; Mobarhan, Mandana; Ghasemi, Shahin; Tabarsi, Payam; Motavasseli, Masoud; Mansouri, Davood

2013-01-01

92

Pancoast's tumour presenting as shoulder pain in an orthopaedic clinic  

PubMed Central

A 71-year-old lady was referred by her general practitioner to an orthopaedic clinic for management of shoulder pain. The patient complained of pain in the shoulder and chest region but also described reduced sensation and power in her arm and a worsening of her respiratory symptoms. These prompted further investigation with an isotope bone scan which showed a large soft tissue mass posteriorly in the apex of the right lung with chest wall extension and destruction of adjacent ribs. A subsequent CT scan identified Pancoast's tumour. This case highlights the importance of considering non-musculoskeletal causes of shoulder region pain. PMID:23389720

Ronan, Lynne; D'Souza, Sunil

2013-01-01

93

Cellular characterization of MPZ mutations presenting with diverse clinical phenotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mutations in MPZ, which encodes myelin protein zero (P0), may lead to different subtypes of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). The aim of this study was to characterize the cellular\\u000a manifestations of various MPZ mutations associated with CMT1, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS) and CMT2, and to correlate their cellular and clinical phenotypes.\\u000a Nine P0 mutants associated with CMT1 (P0S63F, R98H, R277S, and S233fs),

Yi-Chung Lee; Kon-Ping Lin; Ming-Hong Chang; Yi-Chu Liao; Ching-Piao Tsai; Kwong-Kum Liao; Bing-Wen Soong

2010-01-01

94

Chronic pelvic ischemia: etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and management.  

PubMed

Overactive bladder (OAB) and bladder pain syndrome (BPS) although common, are vaguely defined and difficult to diagnose and manage etiologies of storage-type lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The lack of optimal management options is a direct consequence of deficient understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying these conditions. These conditions are especially prevalent in females, and cumulative contemporary epidemiological, clinical and laboratory evidence implicates ischemia as one of the key players in the pathophysiologic foundation of both these disorders. Taken together they make up "the" diagnostic as well as therapeutic black-hole in urologic practice. Much akin to chronic ischemic heart disease, chronic ischemia-reperfusion has been shown to cause degenerative changes at cellular and subcellular level in the bladder mucosa, smooth muscle fibers, and vesical neural and microvascular structures leading to a hypersensitive, hyperactive bladder initially, which with time invariably progresses into a failed, fibrotic and pressurized bladder. Diagnosis and management of these diseases are currently symptom focused and remains a source of much frustration. Consideration of role of ischemia connotates hope and could lead to a paradigm shift in the management of these patients with a completely new therapeutic armamentarium attacking the pathology itself. The aim of the current review is to provide a clinical thought perspective on the etiology/pathophysiology of chronic pelvic ischemia and its role as a precursor to the aforementioned conditions, and shed some light upon the potential management strategies to consider. PMID:24988204

Kapoor, H; Gupta, E; Sood, A

2014-06-01

95

Risk factors for thrombophilia in young adults presenting with thrombosis.  

PubMed

The increased risk for thrombosis is known as hypercoagulability or thrombophilia. Here, we investigated risk factors for thrombophilia which were screened in young adult patients presenting with thrombotic events or with recurrent abortions with unknown etiology. A total of 115 patients aged between 16 and 50 years who were found to harbor thrombophilia were retrospectively evaluated. The laboratory investigations performed for the assessment of thrombophilia included protein C, protein S, antithrombin III deficiencies, activated protein C resistance, factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin 20210A (PT 20210) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutations, factor VIII elevation, lupus anticoagulant and antiphospholipid antibodies (APA). In 66% of the cases a single thrombophilic defect was identified while some of the patients had combined thrombophilic defects. The most common thrombophilic defect was mutation in the MTHFR gene, and was followed by FVL mutation, the presence of APA and PT 20210 gene mutation, respectively. The patients were divided into two different age groups, 16-35 and 36-50 years, and arterial thrombosis was more common in the older age group. Our results indicated that some important thrombophilic defects such as gene mutations may appear in young adult patients presenting with thrombotic events. PMID:19937485

Yokus, Osman; Albayrak, Murat; Balcik, Ozlem Sahin; Ceran, Funda; Dagdas, Simten; Yilmaz, Mesude; Ozet, Gulsum

2009-12-01

96

[Lung mycobacteriosis--clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment].  

PubMed

Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a group of bacteria that may cause human disease mycobacteriosis, but do not cause tuberculosis or leprosy. NTM are acquired through environmental exposure to water, aerosols, soil, dust and are transferred to humans through inhalation, ingestion, and skin lesions, due to injuries, surgical procedures, or intravenous catheters. People with suppressed immune response, with pre-existing lung damage in the course of various lung diseases are most likely to be affected. There is no evidence of person-to-person spread of these diseases. A variety of manifestations of NTM infection have been described, but the lungs remain the most commonly involved site. Molecular methods allow the quicker differentiation of NTM from TB isolates and help to identify new NTM species. The purpose of this article is to review the common clinical manifestations of NTM lung disease, the conditions associated with NTM lung disease, diagnostic criteria and treatment of the most frequent species of NTM. PMID:20306426

Wili?ska, Ewelina; Szturmowicz, Monika

2010-01-01

97

Clinical trials in "emerging markets": regulatory considerations and other factors.  

PubMed

Clinical studies are being placed in emerging markets as part of global drug development programs to access large pool of eligible patients and to benefit from a cost effective structure. However, over the last few years, the definition of "emerging markets" is being revisited, especially from a regulatory perspective. For purposes of this article, countries outside US, EU and the traditional "western countries" are discussed. Multiple factors are considered for placement of clinical studies such as adherence to Good Clinical Practice (GCP), medical infrastructure & standard of care, number of eligible patients, etc. This article also discusses other quantitative factors such as country's GDP, patent applications, healthcare expenditure, healthcare infrastructure, corruption, innovation, etc. These different factors and indexes are correlated to the number of clinical studies ongoing in the "emerging markets". R&D, healthcare expenditure, technology infrastructure, transparency, and level of innovation, show a significant correlation with the number of clinical trials being conducted in these countries. This is the first analysis of its kind to evaluate and correlate the various other factors to the number of clinical studies in a country. PMID:24070788

Singh, Romi; Wang, Ouhong

2013-11-01

98

Clinical Focus Presentations: Can You Talk the Talk?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When students are asked to do a class presentation about a disease affecting the human body, they often end up simply relaying facts and basic knowledge. This activity has very little relevancy to the actual tasks they would be completing in the medical field. This learning activity was designed to allow students to practice two different modes of real world communication: 1. Professional communication among colleagues 2. Bedside communication with patients. Students work in pairs to develop oral presentations that address these two very different set of skills. This resource includes guidelines for the activity, a rubric to assess student performance, and a suggested list of topics for the presentations.

PhD Cynthia J Miller (University of Louisville Physiology & Biophysics)

2011-01-01

99

Factors motivating dyspepsia patients to enter clinical research.  

PubMed

One of the most influential factors in science and medicine has been the development of placebo-controlled clinical trials. However, recruitment of patients for clinical trials is sometimes a major problem in clinical research. Successful patient recruitment may be enhanced with a clear understanding of the motivating factors that determine a patient's decision to enter a study. We have developed the Patients' Expectations, Attitudes and Knowledge (PEAK) Program consisting of questionnaires designed to study the factors motivating patients to enter a clinical trial, as well as capturing the experiences of research participants. A total of 247 female patients with dyspepsia (mean age: 43.9; range: 18.0-78.0 years) who entered either of two prospective double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter trials in the USA completed PEAK Entry questionnaires during the first study visit. Based on their responses, the top three factors motivating patients to join the clinical trial were: interest in receiving investigational treatment with average score (AS) of 4.33 +/- 0.08 (M +/- SEM) on a 5-point scale, possibility of getting skilled professional care (AS = 4.07 +/- 0.09), and altruism expressed as an intention to help develop a new drug for the sake of other people (AS = 3.89 +/- 0.09). Age, ethnicity, and educational status significantly affected motivational factors of patients. These results indicate that recruitment can be enhanced by targeting these motivations in physician/patient communications, informed consent process and advertising for study participants. PMID:16413229

Rojavin, Mikhail A; Downs, Pamela; Shetzline, Michael A; Chilingerian, Raffy; Cohard-Radice, Marielle

2006-04-01

100

Associated risk factors in children who had late presentation of developmental dysplasia of the hip  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the role of clinical examination, associated risk factors and plain radiograph of the pelvis in children who had late presentation of DDH. Methods We report on a 7-year prospective study, in children who had late presentation of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). For this purpose, 740 hips in 370 referred children, age range 3–7 months (mean 3.44 months) were clinically and radiologically assessed, and the associated risk factors recorded. Results Female sex, first born, positive family history and breech presentation were confirmed as risk factors for DDH. Significant findings were an increased risk for vaginal delivery over caesarean section for breech presentation (P = 0.002). There was an increased risk for caesarean section in the absence of breech presentation. Multiple births and preterm births had a reduced risk. For breech presentation, the risk of DDH was estimated to be at least 1.6% for girls and 3.4% for boys; a combination of factors increased the risk. Limitation of abduction (43.2%) and asymmetry of the groin skin folds (72.7%) were found to be the two most common clinical findings associated with DDH. Bilateral acetabular dysplasia is more common than unilateral dysplasia. Foot deformities were rarely encountered in children with acetabular dysplasia. Conclusions The percentage of first-born babies who had DDH is lower than reported in the literature (34%), but still shows significant risk. We did find that bilateral acetabular dysplasia is more common than unilateral dysplasia. Torticollis and foot deformities are rarely found to be associated with DDH. All these findings needs further evaluation in children who had surgical treatment for DDH, to see if they are different from dysplastic groups. Limitation of abduction is an important clinical finding, but is not always associated with DDH. Asymmetry of the skin folds in the groin were found to be an important clinical finding associated with DDH for all age groups. As clinical examination depends on many factors, and most DDH cases are of the dysplastic type, it is mandatory to depend on further diagnostic tools for confirmation of DDH. PMID:19308496

Shannak, Akram

2007-01-01

101

Chronic pelvic ischemia: etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and management.  

PubMed

Overactive Bladder (OAB) and Bladder Pain Syndrome (BPS) although common, are vaguely defined and difficult to diagnose and manage etiologies of storage--type lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The lack of optimal management options is a direct consequence of deficient understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying these conditions. These conditions are especially prevalent in females, and cumulative contemporary epidemiological, clinical and laboratory evidence implicates ischemia as one of the key players in the pathophysiologic foundation of both these disorders. Taken together they make up 'the' diagnostic as well as therapeutic black--hole in urologic practice. Much akin to chronic ischemic heart disease, chronic ischemia--reperfusion has been shown to cause degenerative changes at cellular and sub--cellular level in the bladder mucosa, smooth muscle fibers, and vesical neural and microvascular structures leading to a hypersensitive, hyperactive bladder initially, which with time invariably progresses into a failed, fibrotic and pressurized bladder. Diagnosis and management of these diseases are currently symptom focused and remains a source of much frustration. Consideration of role of ischemia connotates hope and could lead to a paradigm shift in the management of these patients with a completely new therapeutic armamentarium attacking the pathology itself. PMID:24939050

Kapoor, H; Gupta, E; Sood, A

2014-06-18

102

Transition from congress abstract to full publication for clinical trials presented at laser meetings.  

PubMed

The present study aims to identify (1) what proportion of abstracts of clinical trials presented at The American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS) annual meetings are published as full reports, (2) time to publication, and (3) factors that may predict the publication of research in peer-reviewed journals. Two investigators independently hand-searched all abstracts of the ASLMS meetings to identify all reports of clinical trials. Details of sample size, the country of origin, topic of research, type of presentation, type of laser, direction of outcome, and statistical significance were recorded for each abstract. To determine the full publication status of each study, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and EMBASE was searched. A total of 198 abstracts were identified. Of these, 87 abstracts (44%) have been fully published. The average time from presentation at the meeting to full publication was 57 months (95% confidence interval = 52-61), and the estimated rate of abstracts published at 1, 2, and 4 years was 15, 30, and 38%, respectively. There is significant tendency for being fully published in high-power laser studies, with USA as country of origin, and orally presented. Our findings supports this opinion that conference abstracts can be an important source for systematic reviews and failure to identify trials presented in congresses might threaten the validity of systematic reviews. PMID:17674120

Akbari-Kamrani, Marjan; Shakiba, Behnam; Parsian, Sana

2008-07-01

103

Clinical presentation and operative repair of hernia of Morgagni  

PubMed Central

A 77 year old woman who presented with an incarcerated hernia of Morgagni was successfully treated without complications. A Medline search (1996 to date) along with cross referencing was done to quantify the number of acute presentations in adults compared to children. Different investigating modalities—for example, lateral chest and abdominal radiography, contrast studies or, in difficult cases, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging—can be used to diagnose hernia of Morgagni. The favoured method of repair—laparotomy or laparoscopy—is also discussed. A total of 47 case reports on children and 93 case reports on adults were found. Fourteen percent of children (seven out of 47) presented acutely compared with 12% of adults (12 out of 93). Repair at laparotomy was the method of choice but if uncertain, laparoscopy would be a useful diagnostic tool before attempted repair. Laparoscopic repair was favoured in adults especially in non-acute cases. PMID:15640427

Loong, T; Kocher, H

2005-01-01

104

Pertussis in young infants: clinical presentation, course and prevention.  

PubMed

Pertussis is a highly contagious disease caused by the Gram negative aerobic coccobacillus, Bordetella pertussis. It may present with severe symptoms and complications in infants and can pose a diagnostic challenge. This is a vaccine preventable illness covered by the Irish Childhood Immunisation Schedule. In 2011, a retrospective review was conducted of the records of infants, under six months, with a confirmed diagnosis of pertussis, presenting to Temple Street Children's University Hospital (TSCUH). A summery of notifications of pertussis nationally, from 2001 to 2012, was also examined as part of the study. This found that the rate of reported cases of pertussis has been increasing in Ireland. This national increase corresponds with a rising number of cases identified at TSCUH. Patients commonly presented severely ill with cyanosis and apnoea, on a background of prolonged cough. We found that pertussis was diagnosed rapidly in most cases however in all cases there was a delay to commencement of appropriate macrolide therapy. PMID:25226721

O'Riordan, A; Cleary, J; Cunney, R; Nicholson, A J

2014-01-01

105

Digital Device in Postextraction Implantology: A Clinical Case Presentation  

PubMed Central

Aim. The aim of this work is to describe a case of immediate implant placement after extraction of the upper right first premolar, with the use of CAD/CAM technology, which allows an early digital impression of the implant site with an intraoral scanner (MHT 3D Progress, Verona, Italy). Case Report. A 46-year-old female was referred with a disorder caused by continuous debonding of the prosthetic crown on the upper right first premolar. Clinically, there were no signs, and the evaluation of the periapical radiograph showed a fracture of the root, with a mesial well-defined lesion of the hard tissue of the upper right first premolar, as the radiolucent area affected the root surface of the tooth. It was decided, in accordance with the patient, that the tooth would be extracted and the implant (Primer, Edierre implant system, Genoa, Italy) with diameter of 4.2?mm and length of 13?mm would be inserted. After the insertion of the implant, it was screwed to the scan abutment, and a scan was taken using an intraoral scanner (MHT 3D Progress, Verona, Italy). The scanned images were processed with CAD/CAM software (Exocad DentalCAD, Darmstadt, Germany) and the temporary crown was digitally drawn (Dental Knowledge, Milan, Italy) and then sent to the milling machine for production with a composite monoblock. After 4 months, when the implant was osteointegrated, it was not necessary to take another dental impression, and the definitive crown could be screwed in. Conclusion. The CAD/CAM technology is especially helpful in postextraction implant for aesthetic rehabilitation, as it is possible to immediately fix a provisional crown with an anatomic shape that allows an optimal healing process of the tissues. Moreover, the removal of healing abutments, and the use of impression copings, impression materials, and dental stone became unnecessary, enabling the reduction of the chair time, component cost, and patient's discomfort. However, it is still necessary for scientific research to continue to carry out studies on this procedure, in order to improve the accuracy, the reliability, and the reproducibility of the results. PMID:25610665

Borgonovo, A. E.; Rigaldo, F.; Battaglia, D.; Giannì, A. B.

2014-01-01

106

Cowden Syndrome Presenting as Breast Cancer: Imaging and Clinical Features  

PubMed Central

Cowden syndrome is an uncommon, autosomal dominant disease which is characterized by multiple hamartomas of the skin, mucous membrane, brain, breast, thyroid, and gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis of Cowden syndrome implicates an increased risk of developing breast cancer. We report a case of a 22-year-old woman with Cowden syndrome that presented as breast cancer with concomitant bilateral exuberant benign masses in both breasts. PMID:25246819

Seo, Mirinae; Ahn, Hye Shin; Moon, Hyeong-Gon

2014-01-01

107

Virulence factors of Escherichia coli isolated from bovine clinical mastitis.  

PubMed

Escherichia coli isolates from bovine mastitis were examined for a selection of virulence factors. The strains originated from Finland and Israel, which have differences in the proportion of mastitis caused by E. coli, clinical pictures of coliform mastitis, environmental conditions and herd management. The genes of nine virulence factors were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Presence of K1 and K5 capsules was assessed by use of specific bacteriophages. Serum resistance was tested by a turbidimetric assay. Out of 160 Finnish isolates, 37% had traT, 14% cnf2, 8% cnf1, 11% aer, 9% f17, 8% sfa, 7% pap, 1% afa8D and 1% afa8E. Out of 113 Israeli isolates, 41% had traT, 4% aer, 3% cnf2, 1% cnf1, 1% sfa and 1% f17. Some of the genes were distributed among two major pathotype groups, with either f17 family or sfa, pap and cnf1 as major determinants. Genes for F17a, CS31A, Afa7D and Afa7E were not detected. Altogether 49% of Finnish and 42% of Israeli isolates had at least one virulence gene, but genes other than traT were present in only 24% of Finnish and 5% of Israeli isolates. Serum resistance was more common among Finnish (94/160) than Israeli isolates (19/113). K1 and K5 capsules were not detected. PMID:11792490

Kaipainen, T; Pohjanvirta, T; Shpigel, N Y; Shwimmer, A; Pyörälä, S; Pelkonen, S

2002-02-26

108

Clinical training stress-inducing factors from the students' viewpoint: a questionnaire-based study.  

PubMed

Improving the quality of clinical training requires provision of suitable educational environment and one of its requirements is determination of the stress-inducing factors. The present research was carried out to explore these factors from the viewpoint of students of nursing school. This research was a descriptive study. The samples included a total of 230 students who had passed at least one credit of clinical training and had been selected through convenience sampling. Based on the research results, the most tension-inducing area was related to the unpleasant emotions area, clinical experiences, unpleasant feelings, educational environment and interpersonal relationships, respectively. Throughout clinical training processes, students of different medical fields face a great deal of tension-inducing factors. The identification of these factors could play a significant role in reducing the amount of tension among them. PMID:24012410

Moridi, Golrokh; Khaledi, Shahnaz; Valiee, Sina

2014-03-01

109

Identification of Risk Factors for Clinical Mastitis in Dairy Heifers  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT A nested,case-control study,was,conducted,to iden- tify risk factors for clinical mastitis,in heifers. Cases and,controls,originated,from,dairy,herds,that were enrolled,in the Production,Recording,Scheme. Heifers that had,been,treated,for clinical mastitis,prepartum or on the day of parturition,were,eligible for inclusion as cases. The controls,were,heifers that had,not been treated for clinical mastitis before parturition, during their first lactation, or during the dry period. In the final analysis, 4256 heifers with

S. Waage; S. Sviland; S. A. Ødegaard

1998-01-01

110

Molecular detection of virulence factors among food and clinical Enterococcus faecalis strains in South Brazil  

PubMed Central

The present report aimed to perform a molecular epidemiological survey by investigating the presence of virulence factors in E. faecalis isolated from different human clinical (n = 57) and food samples (n = 55) in Porto Alegre, Brazil, collected from 2006 to 2009. In addition, the ability to form biofilm in vitro on polystyrene and the ?-haemolytic and gelatinase activities were determined. Clinical strains presented a higher prevalence of aggregation substance (agg), enterococcal surface protein (esp) and cytolysin (cylA) genes when compared with food isolates. The esp gene was found only in clinical strains. On the other hand, the gelatinase (gelE) and adherence factor (ace) genes had similar prevalence among the strains, showing the widespread occurrence of these virulence factors among food and clinical E. faecalis strains in South Brazil. More than three virulence factor genes were detected in 77.2% and 18.2% of clinical and food strains, respectively. Gelatinase and ?-haemolysin activities were not associated with the presence of gelE and cylA genes. The ability to produce biofilm was detected in 100% of clinical and 94.6% of food isolates, and clinical strains were more able to form biofilm than the food isolates (Student’s t-test, p < 0.01). Results from the statistical analysis showed significant associations between strong biofilm formation and ace (p = 0.015) and gelE (p = 0.007) genes in clinical strains. In conclusion, our data indicate that E. faecalis strains isolated from clinical and food samples possess distinctive patterns of virulence factors, with a larger number of genes that encode virulence factors detected in clinical strains. PMID:24948952

Medeiros, A.W.; Pereira, R.I.; Oliveira, D.V.; Martins, P.D.; d’Azevedo, P.A.; Van der Sand, S.; Frazzon, J.; Frazzon, A.P.G

2014-01-01

111

Dermatitis herpetiformis: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment*  

PubMed Central

Researches on DH have shown that it is not just a bullous skin disease, but a cutaneous-intestinal disorder caused by hypersensitivity to gluten. Exposure to gluten is the starting point of an inflammatory cascade capable of forming autoantibodies that are brought to the skin, where they are deposited, culminating in the formation of skin lesions. These lesions are vesico-bullous, pruritic, and localized especially on elbows, knees and buttocks, although atypical presentations can occur. Immunofluorescence of perilesional area is considered the gold standard for diagnosis, but serological tests help in cases where it is negative. Patients who follow glutenfree diets have better control of symptoms on the skin and intestine, as well as lower risks of progression to lymphoma. Dapsone remains the main drug for treatment, but it requires monitoring of possible side effects, some potentially lethal. PMID:25387490

Clarindo, Marcos Vinícius; Possebon, Adriana Tomazzoni; Soligo, Emylle Marlene; Uyeda, Hirofumi; Ruaro, Roseli Terezinha; Empinotti, Julio Cesar

2014-01-01

112

Paroxysmal hemicrania as the clinical presentation of giant cell arteritis  

PubMed Central

Head pain is the most common complaint in patients with giant cell arteritis but the headache has no distinct diagnostic features. There have been no published reports of giant cell arteritis presenting as a trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. We describe a patient who developed a new onset headache in her fifties, which fit the diagnostic criteria for paroxysmal hemicrania and was completely responsive to corticosteroids. Removal of the steroid therapy brought a reemergence of her headaches. Giant cell arteritis should be considered in the evaluation of secondary causes of paroxysmal hemicrania; in addition giant cell arteritis needs to be ruled out in patients who are over the age of 50 years with a new onset trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. PMID:24765352

Beams, Jennifer L.; Rozen, Todd D.

2011-01-01

113

Multiple Autoimmune Syndromes Associated with Psoriasis: A Rare Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

Autoimmune diseases are known to have association with each other but it is very rare to see multiple autoimmune diseases in one patient. The combination of at least three autoimmune diseases in the same patient is referred to as multiple autoimmune syndrome. The case we are reporting features multiple autoimmune syndrome with five different conditions. The patient had type 1 diabetes mellitus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, and psoriasis. Psoriasis has rarely been reported previously under the spectrum of autoimmune syndrome. Although the relationship of autoimmune conditions with each other has been explored in the past, this case adds yet another dimension to the unique evolution of autoimmune pathologies. The patient presented with a combination of five autoimmune diseases, which makes it consistent type three multiple autoimmune syndromes with the addition of psoriasis. The current case is unique in this aspect that the combination of these five autoimmune disorders has never been reported in the past. PMID:24715941

Masood, Sadia; Sajid, Sara; Jafferani, Asif; Tabassum, Saadia; Ansar, Sobia

2014-01-01

114

Factors Contributing to De Qi in Acupuncture Randomized Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

De qi is a core concept of acupuncture and is necessary to produce therapeutic effect. In 2010, de qi has been received as a term in the official extension of the CONSORT Statement. However, there are few articles that discuss which factors have influences on obtaining de qi in clinical trials. This paper aims to explore these factors and give advice on trial design in order to optimize de qi in acupuncture RCTs. PMID:23818924

Wang, Lin-Peng; Wang, Li-Chen; Wei, Jia; Li, Jia-Jian; Sun, Yi-Le

2013-01-01

115

Are vector-borne pathogen co-infections complicating the clinical presentation in dogs?  

PubMed Central

Background Infection by two or more canine vector-borne disease (CVBD)-causing pathogens is common in subtropical and tropical regions where vectors are plentiful. Co-infections may potentiate disease pathogenesis, thereby altering clinical manifestations typically associated with singular infections. These factors complicate diagnosis, treatment and can adversely influence prognosis if the practitioner fails to suspect, document, and treat each concurrent infection. The spectrum of pathogens co-infecting dogs may change over time in a given practice location due to the rapid expansion of arthropods and their associated vectored agents, and international transit among pets and wild animals. This applies, for example, to Dirofilaria immitis and Leishmania infantum, the distributions of which have expanded from northern to southern Italy, and vice versa, respectively. Indeed, mixed infections by D. immitis and L. infantum have only been reported once in Italy, probably due to the fact that competent vectors for these infections do not usually occur in the same geographical areas. Thus, information that would help practitioners to identify clinical presentations in dogs co-infected by D. immitis and L. infantum and other CVBD-causing pathogens is scant. Findings This manuscript describes the clinical history and physical examination of findings for 7 CVBD co-infected dogs that were examined because of a spectrum of clinical signs. Five dogs were co-infected with L. infantum and Ehrlichia canis, one dog with L. infantum, E. canis and D. immitis and the remaining dog with L. infantum and D. immitis. Conclusions The clinical signs and haematological abnormalities associated with the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of these dogs is discussed. Also, the usefulness of bone marrow specimens for the molecular diagnosis of CVBDs and for the enhanced monitoring of treatment response is emphasized. PMID:23587324

2013-01-01

116

Clinical risk factors for placenta previa–placenta accreta  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to define the clinical risk factors associated with placenta previa–placenta accreta. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital records were reviewed of all cases of placenta accreta confirmed histologically between January 1985 and December 1994. Additionally, we reviewed the records of all women with placenta previa and all those undergoing cesarean hysterectomy during the same period. Multiple Iogistic regression analysis

David A. Miller; Janet A. Chollet; T. Murphy Goodwin

1997-01-01

117

Clinical features and prognostic factors in adults with bacterial meningitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

background We conducted a nationwide study in the Netherlands to determine clinical features and prognostic factors in adults with community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis. methods From October 1998 to April 2002, all Dutch patients with community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis, confirmed by cerebrospinal fluid cultures, were prospectively eval- uated. All patients underwent a neurologic examination on admission and at discharge, and outcomes

Diederik van de Beek; Jan de Gans; Lodewijk Spanjaard; Martijn Weisfelt; Johannes B. Reitsma; Marinus Vermeulen

2004-01-01

118

Association of cardiovascular risk factors with the different presentations of acute coronary syndrome1  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: to identify the relationship between different presentations of acute coronary syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors among hospitalized individuals. METHOD: cross-sectional study performed in a teaching hospital in São Paulo, in the State of São Paulo (SP). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric data of 150 individuals hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome were collected through interviews and review of clinical charts. Association between these data and the presentation of the syndrome were investigated. RESULTS: there was a predominance of ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. There was significant association of systemic hypertension with unstable angina and high values of low density lipoprotein with infarction, without influence from socio-demographic characteristics. CONCLUSION: arterial hypertension and high levels of low-density lipoprotein were associated with different presentations of coronary syndrome. The results can provide support for health professionals for secondary prevention programs aimed at behavioural changing. PMID:25296136

Brunori, Evelise Helena Fadini Reis; Lopes, Camila Takáo; Cavalcante, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer; Santos, Vinicius Batista; Lopes, Juliana de Lima; de Barros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite

2014-01-01

119

Depression in the Elderly: Clinical Features and Risk Factors  

PubMed Central

Depression in elderlies is not known quite well and thus cannot be treated adequately. The fact that elderliness is accepted as a property of depressive symptoms both by the relatives of the patients and doctors is one of the factors which make it difficult to recognize depression. Existence of multiple physical diseases in elderlies, use of multiple medicines, occurrence of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics changes depending on the age necessitate to take several factors into account while diagnosing and using medicines. In this study, clinical properties and risk factors of depression in old age period was reviewed and the properties of such depressions were summarized. PMID:23251852

Sözeri-Varma, Gülfizar

2012-01-01

120

Multimorbidity of chronic diseases among adult patients presenting to an inner-city clinic in Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background Very little is known about multimorbidity and chronic diseases in low and middle income countries, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa, and more information is needed to guide the process of adapting the health systems in these countries to respond adequately to the increasing burden of chronic diseases. We conducted a hospital-based survey in an urban setting in Ghana to determine the prevalence of multimorbidity and its associated risk factors among adult patients presenting to an inner city clinic. Methods Between May and June 2012, we interviewed adult patients (aged 18 years and above) attending a routine outpatient clinic at an inner-city hospital in Accra using a structured questionnaire. We supplemented the information obtained from the interviews with information obtained from respondents’ health records. We used logistic regression analyses to explore the risk factors for multimorbidity. Results We interviewed 1,527 patients and retrieved matching medical records for 1,399 (91.6%). The median age of participants was 52.1 years (37–64 years). While the prevalence of multimorbidity was 38.8%, around half (48.6%) of the patients with multimorbidity were aged between 18–59 years old. The most common combination of conditions was hypertension and diabetes mellitus (36.6%), hypertension and musculoskeletal conditions (19.9%), and hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions (11.4%). Compared with patients aged 18–39 years, those aged 40–49 years (OR 4.68, 95% CI: 2.98–7.34), 50–59 years (OR 12.48, 95% CI: 8.23–18.92) and 60 years or older (OR 15.80, 95% CI: 10.66–23.42) were increasingly likely to present with multimorbidity. While men were less likely to present with multimorbidity, (OR 0.71, 95% CI: 0.45–0.94, p?=?0.015), having a family history of any chronic disease was predictive of multimorbidity (OR 1.43, 95% CI: 1.03–1.68, p?=?0.027). Conclusions Multimorbidity is a significant problem in this population. By identifying the risk factors for multimorbidity, the results of the present study provide further evidence for informing future policies aimed at improving clinical case management, health education and medical training in Ghana. PMID:24279827

2013-01-01

121

Relationship of trait impulsivity with clinical presentation in euthymic bipolar disorder patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine trait impulsivity in patients with bipolar disorder and explore the possible connections between impulsivity and clinical presentation of the illness. Diagnoses were based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. The sociodemographic and clinical properties of 71 patients with bipolar disorder, who were euthymic according to Young Mania Rating Scale and Hamilton

Okan Ekinci; Yakup Albayrak; Asl? Erkan Ekinci; Ali Caykoylu

122

Ischemic Posterior Circulation Stroke: A Review of Anatomy, Clinical Presentations, Diagnosis, and Current Management  

PubMed Central

Posterior circulation strokes represent approximately 20% of all ischemic strokes (1, 2). In contrast to the anterior circulation, several differences in presenting symptoms, clinical evaluation, diagnostic testing, and management strategy exist presenting a challenge to the treating physician. This review will discuss the anatomical, etiological, and clinical classification of PC strokes, identify diagnostic pitfalls, and overview current therapeutic regimens. PMID:24778625

Nouh, Amre; Remke, Jessica; Ruland, Sean

2014-01-01

123

[Adulthood atopic dermatitis: epidemiology, clinical symptoms, provoking and prognostic factors].  

PubMed

The prevalence of atopic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, asthma bronchiale and atopic dermatitis is increasing both in children and adults at different parts of the world. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting mostly children, but the atopic trait continues, not only for later respiratory allergies, but also for skin symptoms in adulthood. In this form dry skin, flexural lichenification, head and neck dermatitis, hand dermatitis are typical. The exact etiology of atopic dermatitis is unknown, in the background interactions of genetical predisposition, skin barrier defects and immunological and environmental factors can be verified. In the complex approach of atopic dermatitis, a pivotal role is ascribed to the evaluation and possibly the elimination of provoking factors, like gender, family structure, clothing, aero-, alimentary and contact allergens, psychosocial stress, migration, infections, and personal home environment. Authors review clinical manifestations, triggering and prognostic factors of the adulthood atopic dermatitis. PMID:17344114

Pónyai, Györgyi; Temesvári, Erzsébet; Kárpáti, Sarolta

2007-01-01

124

How to Differentiate Sites of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients with Hematochezia by Using Clinical Factors?  

PubMed Central

Hematochezia is one of common gastrointestinal complaint at the Emergency Department (ED). Causes may be due to upper (UGIB) or lower (LGIB) gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Here, clinical factors were studied to differentiate sites of bleeding in patients with hematochezia. All patients with an age of more than 18 years who were diagnosed with GIB at the ED, Ramathibodi Hospital, Thailand were enrolled. Patients who presented with hematochezia and received complete workups to identify causes of bleeding were studied and categorized as being in the UGIB or LGIB groups. There were 1,854 patients who presented with GIB at the ED. Of those, 76 patients presented with hematochezia; 30 patients were in the UGIB group, while 43 patients were in the LGIB group. Clinical variables between both groups were mostly comparable. Three clinical factors were significantly associated with UGIB causes in patients with hematochezia including systolic blood pressure, hematocrit level, and BUN/Cr ratio. The adjusted odds ratios for all three factors were 0.725 (per 5?mmHg increase), 0.751 (per 3% increase), and 1.11 (per unit increase). Physicians at the ED could use these clinical factors as a guide for further investigation in patients who presented with hematochezia. PMID:24348531

Sittichanbuncha, Yuwares; Senasu, Suthasinee; Keeratikasikorn, Chaiyapon

2013-01-01

125

Attitudinal barriers to participation in oncology clinical trials: factor analysis and correlates of barriers.  

PubMed

Patient participation in cancer clinical trials is low. Little is known about attitudinal barriers to participation, particularly among patients who may be offered a trial during an imminent initial oncology consult. The aims of the present study were to confirm the presence of proposed subscales of a recently developed cancer clinical trial attitudinal barriers measure, describe the most common cancer clinical trials attitudinal barriers, and evaluate socio-demographic, medical and financial factors associated with attitudinal barriers. A total of 1256 patients completed a survey assessing demographic factors, perceived financial burden, prior trial participation and attitudinal barriers to clinical trials participation. Results of a factor analysis did not confirm the presence of the proposed four attitudinal barriers subscale/factors. Rather, a single factor represented the best fit to the data. The most highly-rated barriers were fear of side-effects, worry about health insurance and efficacy concerns. Results suggested that less educated patients, patients with non-metastatic disease, patients with no previous oncology clinical trial participation, and patients reporting greater perceived financial burden from cancer care were associated with higher barriers. These patients may need extra attention in terms of decisional support. Overall, patients with fewer personal resources (education, financial issues) report more attitudinal barriers and should be targeted for additional decisional support. PMID:24467411

Manne, S; Kashy, D; Albrecht, T; Wong, Y-N; Lederman Flamm, A; Benson, A B; Miller, S M; Fleisher, Linda; Buzaglo, J; Roach, N; Katz, M; Ross, E; Collins, M; Poole, D; Raivitch, S; Miller, D M; Kinzy, T G; Liu, T; Meropol, N J

2015-01-01

126

Hotline update of clinical trials and registries presented at the American College of Cardiology Congress 2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides information and commentaries on trials which were presented at the Hotline and Clinical Trial Update\\u000a Sessions during the Late Breaking Clinical Trial Sessions at the 60th annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology\\u000a in New Orleans, USA, from 2nd April to 5th April 2011. This article gives an overview on a number of novel clinical trials

K. Walenta; J. M. Sinning; N. Werner; M. Böhm

2011-01-01

127

RNAi factors are present and active in human cell nuclei.  

PubMed

RNAi is widely appreciated as a powerful regulator of mRNA translation in the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. However, the presence and activity of RNAi factors in the mammalian nucleus has been the subject of considerable debate. Here, we show that Argonaute-2 (Ago2) and RNAi factors Dicer, TRBP, and TRNC6A/GW182 are in the human nucleus and associate together in multiprotein complexes. Small RNAs can silence nuclear RNA and guide site-specific cleavage of the targeted RNA, demonstrating that RNAi can function in the human nucleus. Nuclear Dicer is active and miRNAs are bound to nuclear Ago2, consistent with the existence of nuclear miRNA pathways. Notably, we do not detect loading of duplex small RNAs in nuclear extracts and known loading factors are absent. These results extend RNAi into the mammalian nucleus and suggest that regulation of RNAi via small RNA loading of Ago2 differs between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. PMID:24388755

Gagnon, Keith T; Li, Liande; Chu, Yongjun; Janowski, Bethany A; Corey, David R

2014-01-16

128

Clinical Implications of Pneumococcal Serotypes: Invasive Disease Potential, Clinical Presentations, and Antibiotic Resistance  

PubMed Central

Streptococcus pneumoniae can asymptomatically colonize the nasopharynx and cause a diverse range of illnesses. This clinical spectrum from colonization to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) appears to depend on the pneumococcal capsular serotype rather than the genetic background. According to a literature review, serotypes 1, 4, 5, 7F, 8, 12F, 14, 18C, and 19A are more likely to cause IPD. Although serotypes 1 and 19A are the predominant causes of invasive pneumococcal pneumonia, serotype 14 remains one of the most common etiologic agents of non-bacteremic pneumonia in adults, even after 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) introduction. Serotypes 1, 3, and 19A pneumococci are likely to cause empyema and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Serotype 1 pneumococcal meningitis is prevalent in the African meningitis belt, with a high fatality rate. In contrast to the capsule type, genotype is more closely associated with antibiotic resistance. CC320/271 strains expressing serotype 19A are multidrug-resistant (MDR) and prevalent worldwide in the era of PCV7. Several clones of MDR serotype 6C pneumococci emerged, and a MDR 6D clone (ST282) has been identified in Korea. Since the pneumococcal epidemiology of capsule types varies geographically and temporally, a nationwide serosurveillance system is vital to establishing appropriate vaccination strategies for each country. PMID:23341706

Nahm, Moon H.; Moseley, M. Allen

2013-01-01

129

[Esophageal toxicity of radiation therapy: clinical risk factors and management].  

PubMed

Acute radiation-induced esophagitis includes all clinical symptoms (odynophagia, dysphagia) occurring within 90 days after thoracic irradiation start. Its severity can be graded using RTOG and CTCAE scales. The clinical risk factors are: age, female gender, initial performance status, pre-therapeutic body mass index, pre-therapeutic dysphagia, tumoral and nodal stage, delivered dose, accelerated hyperfractionned radiotherapy, concomitant association of chemotherapy to radiotherapy and response to the treatment. The dosimetric parameters predictive of esophagitis are: mean dose, V(20Gy), V(30Gy), V(40Gy), V(45Gy) and V(50Gy). Amifostine is the only drug to have a proven radioprotective efficacy (evidence level C, ESMO recommendation grade III). The medical management of esophagitis associates a diet excluding irritant food, medication against gastroesophageal reflux, analgesic treatment according to the WHO scale and management of dehydration and denutrition by enteral feeding. PMID:22925486

Challand, T; Thureau, S; Dubray, B; Giraud, P

2012-09-01

130

A new recombinant factor VIII: from genetics to clinical use  

PubMed Central

Advances in recombinant technology and knowledge about coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) are building a platform for new therapeutic options in patients with hemophilia A. The development of turoctocog alfa, a novel, high-purity, third-generation, B-domain truncated recombinant FVIII, has been produced and formulated without the use of animal-derived or human serum-derived components, in the wake of understanding of the new biochemical characteristics of FVIII, namely its protein structure, and glycosylation and sulfating patterns. Culture conditions and a five-step purification process have been developed to optimize the safety of turoctocog alfa. The results of two pilot clinical trials using turoctocog alfa confirmed high safety levels, with no patient developing inhibitors during the period of observation. The purpose of this review is to describe briefly the molecular and biological properties of turoctocog alfa, together with details of its clinical development, with emphasis on the needs of patients with hemophilia A. PMID:25548513

Santagostino, Elena

2014-01-01

131

Portal vascular anomalies in Down syndrome: spectrum of clinical presentation and management approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThe occurrence of portal vascular anomalies in Down syndrome has been sporadically reported in the literature. These rare disorders have a wide spectrum of anatomical and clinical presentations. The aim of this communication was to describe the clinical course, imaging features, and management approaches in patients with this association.

Nazar Golewale; Harriet J. Paltiel; Steven J. Fishman; Ahmad I. Alomari

2010-01-01

132

NCI Spanish-Language Presentations on Clinical Trials | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

These three PowerPoint presentations, which are in Spanish, provide a basic overview of clinical trials. They can be used by community leaders, advocates and health care providers when discussing clinical trials with Spanish-speaking audiences who are not familiar with the topic.

133

Sleep • 3: Clinical presentation and diagnosis of the obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome  

PubMed Central

Patients with OSAHS may present to a sleep clinic or to other specialists with symptoms that are not immediately attributable to the condition. The diagnostic methods available are reviewed. PMID:15047962

Schlosshan, D; Elliott, M

2004-01-01

134

A Bayesian Approach in Differential Equation Dynamic Models Incorporating Clinical Factors and Covariates  

PubMed Central

A virologic marker, the number of HIV RNA copies or viral load, is currently used to evaluate antiretroviral (ARV) therapies in AIDS clinical trials. This marker can be used to assess the antiviral potency of therapies, but may be easily affected by clinical factors such as drug exposures and drug resistance as well as baseline characteristics during the long-term treatment evaluation process. HIV dynamic studies have significantly contributed to the understanding of HIV pathogenesis and ARV treatment strategies. Viral dynamic models can be formulated through differential equations, but there has been only limited development of statistical methodologies for estimating such models or assessing their agreement with observed data. This paper develops a mechanism-based nonlinear differential equation models for characterizing long-term viral dynamics with ARV therapy. In this model we not only incorporate clinical factors (drug exposures and susceptibility), but also baseline covariate (baseline viral load, CD4 count, weight or age) into a function of treatment efficacy. A Bayesian nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach is investigated with application to an AIDS clinical trial study. The effects of confounding interaction of clinical factors with covariate-based models are compared using the Deviance Information Criteria (DIC), a Bayesian version of the classical deviance for model assessment, designed from complex hierarchical model settings. Relationships between baseline covariate combined with confounding clinical factors and drug efficacy are explored. In addition, we compared models incorporating each of four baseline covariates through DIC and some interesting findings are presented. Our results suggest that modeling HIV dynamics and virologic responses with consideration of time-varying clinical factors as well as baseline characteristics may play an important role in understanding HIV pathogenesis, designing new treatment strategies for long-term care of AIDS patients. PMID:20445811

Huang, Yangxin

2010-01-01

135

Dental Erosion and Its Growing Importance in Clinical Practice: From Past to Present  

PubMed Central

Since the mid-1990s, the focus of studies on tooth wear has steadily shifted from the general condition towards the more specific area of dental erosion; equally, a shift has occurred from studies in adults to those in children and adolescents. During this time, understanding of the condition has increased greatly. This paper attempts to provide a critical overview of the development of this body of knowledge, from earlier perceptions to the present. It is accepted that dental erosion has a multifactorial background, in which individual and lifestyle factors have great significance. Notwithstanding methodological differences across studies, data from many countries confirm that dental erosion is common in children and young people, and that, when present, it progresses rapidly. That the condition, and its ramifications, warrants serious consideration in clinical dentistry, is clear. It is important for the oral healthcare team to be able to recognize its early signs and symptoms and to understand its pathogenesis. Preventive strategies are essential ingredients in the management of patients with dental erosion. When necessary, treatment aimed at correcting or improving its effects might best be of a minimally invasive nature. Still, there remains a need for further research to forge better understanding of the subject. PMID:22505907

Johansson, Ann-Katrin; Omar, Ridwaan; Carlsson, Gunnar E.; Johansson, Anders

2012-01-01

136

Clinical trial updates and hotline sessions presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the results of a number of clinical trials in the field of cardiovascular medicine which were presented\\u000a during the Hotline and Clinical Trial Update Sessions at the annual meeting of the European Society of Cardiology, held in\\u000a Munich, Germany, from 30th August to 3rd September 2008. The data were presented by leading experts in the field with

Patrick Müller; Stephan Rosenkranz; Oliver Adam; Florian Custodis; Michael Böhm

2008-01-01

137

Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a clinical spectrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Articles dealing with late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in children published until 2003 were collectively reviewed. The main purpose of the presented study was to gain insight into the clinical spectrum of this variant of CDH and to discuss its clinical and surgical aspects. In 125 articles, 362 patients were reported. Left posterolateral hernia was the dominant anatomical type, found in 79.4% of

Maciej Bag?aj

2004-01-01

138

Biomechanical factors in atherosclerosis: mechanisms and clinical implications.  

PubMed

Blood vessels are exposed to multiple mechanical forces that are exerted on the vessel wall (radial, circumferential and longitudinal forces) or on the endothelial surface (shear stress). The stresses and strains experienced by arteries influence the initiation of atherosclerotic lesions, which develop at regions of arteries that are exposed to complex blood flow. In addition, plaque progression and eventually plaque rupture is influenced by a complex interaction between biological and mechanical factors-mechanical forces regulate the cellular and molecular composition of plaques and, conversely, the composition of plaques determines their ability to withstand mechanical load. A deeper understanding of these interactions is essential for designing new therapeutic strategies to prevent lesion development and promote plaque stabilization. Moreover, integrating clinical imaging techniques with finite element modelling techniques allows for detailed examination of local morphological and biomechanical characteristics of atherosclerotic lesions that may be of help in prediction of future events. In this ESC Position Paper on biomechanical factors in atherosclerosis, we summarize the current 'state of the art' on the interface between mechanical forces and atherosclerotic plaque biology and identify potential clinical applications and key questions for future research. PMID:25230814

Kwak, Brenda R; Bäck, Magnus; Bochaton-Piallat, Marie-Luce; Caligiuri, Giuseppina; Daemen, Mat J A P; Davies, Peter F; Hoefer, Imo E; Holvoet, Paul; Jo, Hanjoong; Krams, Rob; Lehoux, Stephanie; Monaco, Claudia; Steffens, Sabine; Virmani, Renu; Weber, Christian; Wentzel, Jolanda J; Evans, Paul C

2014-11-14

139

Clinical significance of growth differentiation factor 11 in colorectal cancer.  

PubMed

Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) subfamily, plays a role in regulation of development and differentiation. Although some members of BMP subfamily have been reported to correlate with cancer, the significance of GDF11 has not been studied in a clinical oncology setting. The current study explored the clinicopathological significance of GDF11 expression in colorectal cancer. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR in colorectal cancer specimens obtained from 130 patients showed that GDF11 mRNA expression in cancer tissue was significantly higher than in normal tissue (p=0.001). Tumors were classified as high GDF11 expression (n=65) or low GDF11 expression (n=65). Patients whose tumors had high GDF11 expression showed a high frequency of lymph node metastasis (p=0.049) and had more cancer-related deaths (p=0.040). Furthermore, the patients with high GDF11 expression had significantly poorer overall survival than those with low expression (p=0.0334). Although multivariate analysis showed that GDF11 was not an independent prognostic factor, these findings suggest that GDF11 may be a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in patients with colorectal cancer. PMID:17912435

Yokoe, Takeshi; Ohmachi, Takahiro; Inoue, Hiroshi; Mimori, Koshi; Tanaka, Fumiaki; Kusunoki, Masato; Mori, Masaki

2007-11-01

140

Prognostic factors in tongue cancer – relative importance of demographic, clinical and histopathological factors  

PubMed Central

The incidence of and mortality from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tongue have increased during the recent decades in the Western world. Much effort has been made to predict tumour behaviour, but we still lack specific prognostic indicators. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relative importance of the known demographic, clinical and histological factors in a homogeneous population-based group of patients with SCC of the mobile tongue. The demographic and clinical factors were reviewed retrospectively from primary and tertiary care patient files. Histological prognostic factors were determined from pre-treatment biopsies. The TNM stage was found to be the most important prognostic factor. In particular, local spread outside the tongue rather than spread to regional lymph nodes was related to poor prognosis. Several demographic and histopathological factors were closely related to TNM stage. When the cases were divided into stage I–II carcinomas and stage III–IV carcinomas, it appeared that the patient’s older age (> 65 years), a high malignancy score and an absence of overexpressed p53 protein were associated with a poorer prognosis in stage I–II carcinomas. Such cases may require more aggressive treatment. Among patients with stage III–IV carcinomas, heavy use of alcohol was significantly associated with a poor disease-specific survival time. © 2000 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10944601

Kantola, S; Parikka, M; Jokinen, K; Hyrynkangs, K; Soini, Y; Alho, O-P; Salo, T

2000-01-01

141

Diagnoses and Presenting Symptoms in an Infant Psychiatry Clinic: Comparison of Two Diagnostic Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To present data from a general infant psychiatry clinic, including range and frequency of presenting symptoms, relationship between symptoms and diagnoses, and comparison of two diagnostic systems, DSM-IV and Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC: 0-3). Method: A…

Frankel, Karen A.; Boyum, Lisa A.; Harmon, Robert J.

2004-01-01

142

Seasonal Rhinitis, Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients with seasonal rhinitis (SR) and to disclose differences in the treatment of SR between an adult allergy clinic and other clinics over time. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted based on clinical records of 774 out of 955 patients diagnosed with SR in an adult allergy clinic between 1

B. Bozkurt; G. Karakaya; A. F. Kalyoncu

2005-01-01

143

Clinical features and prognostic factors of Churg-Strauss syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare systemic necrotizing small-vessel vasculitis, with accompanying bronchial asthma, eosinophilia, and eosinophilic infiltration of various tissues. The purposes of our study were to characterize the clinical features of CSS and to identify factors associated with CSS prognosis in Koreans. Methods Medical records were reviewed retrospectively for all physician-diagnosed CSS patients in the Seoul National University Hospital between January 1990 and March 2011. Results Data from 52 CSS patients were analyzed. The respiratory tract was the most commonly involved organ (90.4%). Renal involvement was less frequent in antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)(-) patients than in ANCA(+) patients (p = 0.048). Clinical remission occurred in 95.3% of patients, but 16.3% of them relapsed. Patients who maintained remission for more than 6 months were relatively older (median, 51 years) at diagnosis (p = 0.004), had been diagnosed in earlier stages (p = 0.027), showed more frequent respiratory involvement (p = 0.024) and generalized symptoms (p = 0.039), and showed less frequent cutaneous involvement (p = 0.030) than those who did not achieve persistent (> 6 months) remission. Patients who achieved persistent remission also showed higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (p = 0.031) than those who did not. Conclusions ANCA(-) CSS patients showed less frequent renal involvement. Characteristics of good responders were older age, diagnosis at earlier stages, less cutaneous involvement, more respiratory involvement, high CRP values, and more generalized symptoms. PMID:24574837

Kim, Mi-Yeong; Sohn, Kyoung-Hee; Song, Woo-Jung; Park, Heung-Woo; Cho, Sang-Heon; Min, Kyung-Up

2014-01-01

144

Impact of diabetes on clinical presentation and treatment outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis in Beijing.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently known to be one of the risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and the proportion of DM in PTB is rising along with the increased prevalence of DM in countries with high PTB burden. This study was designed to explore the impact of DM on clinical presentation and treatment outcome of PTB in China. In an urban setting in Beijing, 1126 PTB patients, 30·6% with positive sputum smear, registered in two PTB dispensaries from January 2010 to December 2011 were screened for DM and were followed up prospectively during PTB treatment. DM was observed in 16·2% of patients with PTB. PTB with DM appeared to be associated with older age and a higher proportion of re-treatment. On presentation, DM was associated with more severe PTB signs with higher proportions of smear positivity [odds ratio (OR) 2·533, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·779-3·606], cavity (OR 2·253, 95% CI 1·549-3·276) and more symptoms (OR 1·779, 95% CI 1·176-2·690). DM was also associated with non-TB deaths (OR 5·580, 95% CI 2·182-14·270, P < 0·001) and treatment failure (OR 6·696, 95% CI 2·019-22·200, P = 0·002). In Beijing, the findings of this study underlined the need to perform early bi-directional screening programmes and explore the underlying mechanism for different treatment outcomes for PTB with DM. PMID:24717600

Hongguang, C; Min, L; Shiwen, J; Fanghui, G; Shaoping, H; Tiejie, G; Na, L; Zhiguo, Z

2015-01-01

145

FOXO Transcription Factors: Their Clinical Significance and Regulation  

PubMed Central

Members of the class O of forkhead box transcription factors (FOXO) have important roles in metabolism, cellular proliferation, stress resistance, and apoptosis. The activity of FOXOs is tightly regulated by posttranslational modification, including phosphorylation, acetylation, and ubiquitylation. Activation of cell survival pathways such as phosphoinositide-3-kinase/AKT/IKK or RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylates FOXOs at different sites which regulate FOXOs nuclear localization or degradation. FOXO transcription factors are upregulated in a number of cell types including hepatocytes, fibroblasts, osteoblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, pericytes, and cardiac myocytes. They are involved in a number of pathologic and physiologic processes that include proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, metabolism, inflammation, cytokine expression, immunity, differentiation, and resistance to oxidative stress. These processes impact a number of clinical conditions such as carcinogenesis, diabetes, diabetic complications, cardiovascular disease, host response, and wound healing. In this paper, we focus on the potential role of FOXOs in different disease models and the regulation of FOXOs by various stimuli. PMID:24864265

Graves, Dana T.

2014-01-01

146

Mutation analysis and clinical implications of von Willebrand factor–cleaving protease deficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mutation analysis and clinical implications of von Willebrand factor–cleaving protease deficiency.BackgroundThe pentad of thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, mild renal dysfunction, neurologic signs, and fever, classically characterizes the syndrome of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). TTP usually occurs in adults as an acquired form but a congenital form in children has also been described. In the latter case, the initial presentation is often

Karin Assink; Rikke Schiphorst; Sarah Allford; Diana Karpman; Amos Etzioni; Bénédicte Brichard; Nicole Van De Kar; Leo Monnens; Lambertus Van Den Heuvel

2003-01-01

147

Established breast cancer risk factors by clinically important tumour characteristics  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is a morphologically and clinically heterogeneous disease; however, it is less clear how risk factors relate to tumour features. We evaluated risk factors by tumour characteristics (histopathologic type, grade, size, and nodal status) in a population-based case–control of 2386 breast cancers and 2502 controls in Poland. Use of a novel extension of the polytomous logistic regression permitted simultaneous modelling of multiple tumour characteristics. Late age at first full-term birth was associated with increased risk of large (>2?cm) tumours (odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) 1.19 (1.07–1.33) for a 5-year increase in age), but not smaller tumours (P for heterogeneity adjusting for other tumour features (Phet)=0.007). On the other hand, multiparity was associated with reduced risk for small tumours (0.76 (0.68–0.86) per additional birth; Phet=0.004). Consideration of all tumour characteristics simultaneously revealed that current or recent use of combined hormone replacement therapy was associated with risk of small (2.29 (1.66–3.15)) and grade 1 (3.36 (2.22–5.08)) tumours (Phet=0.05 for size and 0.0008 for grade 1 vs 3), rather than specific histopathologic types (Phet=0.63 for ductal vs lobular). Finally, elevated body mass index was associated with larger tumour size among both pre- and postmenopausal women (Phet=0.05 and 0.0001, respectively). None of these relationships were explained by hormone receptor status of the tumours. In conclusion, these data support distinctive risk factor relationships by tumour characteristics of prognostic relevance. These findings might be useful in developing targeted prevention efforts. PMID:16755295

García-Closas, M; Brinton, L A; Lissowska, J; Chatterjee, N; Peplonska, B; Anderson, W F; Szeszenia-D?browska, N; Bardin-Mikolajczak, A; Zatonski, W; Blair, A; Kalaylioglu, Z; Rymkiewicz, G; Mazepa-Sikora, D; Kordek, R; Lukaszek, S; Sherman, M E

2006-01-01

148

Clinical Risk Factors for Primary Graft Dysfunction after Lung Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Rationale: Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the main cause of early morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. Previous studies have yielded conflicting results for PGD risk factors. Objectives: We sought to identify donor, recipient, and perioperative risk factors for PGD. Methods: We performed a 10-center prospective cohort study enrolled between March 2002 and December 2010 (the Lung Transplant Outcomes Group). The primary outcome was International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation grade 3 PGD at 48 or 72 hours post-transplant. The association of potential risk factors with PGD was analyzed using multivariable conditional logistic regression. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 1,255 patients from 10 centers were enrolled; 211 subjects (16.8%) developed grade 3 PGD. In multivariable models, independent risk factors for PGD were any history of donor smoking (odds ratio [OR], 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2–2.6; P = 0.002); FiO2 during allograft reperfusion (OR, 1.1 per 10% increase in FiO2; 95% CI, 1.0–1.2; P = 0.01); single lung transplant (OR, 2; 95% CI, 1.2–3.3; P = 0.008); use of cardiopulmonary bypass (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 2.2–5.3; P < 0.001); overweight (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2–2.7; P = 0.01) and obese (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.3–3.9; P = 0.004) recipient body mass index; preoperative sarcoidosis (OR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.1–5.6; P = 0.03) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.6–7.7; P = 0.002); and mean pulmonary artery pressure (OR, 1.3 per 10 mm Hg increase; 95% CI, 1.1–1.5; P < 0.001). PGD was significantly associated with 90-day (relative risk, 4.8; absolute risk increase, 18%; P < 0.001) and 1-year (relative risk, 3; absolute risk increase, 23%; P < 0.001) mortality. Conclusions: We identified grade 3 PGD risk factors, several of which are potentially modifiable and should be prioritized for future research aimed at preventative strategies. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT 00552357). PMID:23306540

Lee, James C.; Kawut, Steven M.; Shah, Rupal J.; Localio, A. Russell; Bellamy, Scarlett L.; Lederer, David J.; Cantu, Edward; Kohl, Benjamin A.; Lama, Vibha N.; Bhorade, Sangeeta M.; Crespo, Maria; Demissie, Ejigayehu; Sonett, Joshua; Wille, Keith; Orens, Jonathan; Shah, Ashish S.; Weinacker, Ann; Arcasoy, Selim; Shah, Pali D.; Wilkes, David S.; Ware, Lorraine B.; Palmer, Scott M.; Christie, Jason D.

2013-01-01

149

Modifiable Risk Factors for Attempted Suicide in Australian Clinical and Community Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modifiable risk factors for suicide attempt require identification in clinical and community samples. The aim of this study was to determine if similar social and psychiatric factors are associated with suicide attempts in community and clinical settings and whether the magnitude of effect is greater in clinical populations. Two case-control…

Carter, Gregory L.; Page, Andrew; Clover, Kerrie; Taylor, Richard

2007-01-01

150

Sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Sporothrix brasiliensis Is Associated with Atypical Clinical Presentations  

PubMed Central

Background There have been several recent changes in the taxonomy of Sporothrix schenckii as well as new observations regarding the clinical aspects of sporotrichosis. In this study, we determined the identification of the Sporothrix species associated with both classic and unusual clinical aspects of sporotrichosis observed in the endemic area of sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methodology/Principal Findings To verify whether S. brasiliensis is associated with clinical manifestations of sporotrichosis, a cross-sectional study was performed in which Sporothrix isolates from 50 patients with different clinical manifestations were analyzed and their isolates were studied by phenotypic and genotypic methods. Data from these patients revealed a distinct clinical picture and therapeutic response in infections caused by Sporothrix brasiliensis (n?=?45) compared to patients with S. schenckii sensu stricto (n?=?5). S. brasiliensis was associated with disseminated cutaneous infection without underlying disease, hypersensitivity reactions, and mucosal infection, whereas patients with S. schenckii presented with less severe and more often localized disease, similar to the majority of previously described sporotrichosis cases. Interestingly, S. brasiliensis-infected patients overall required shorter durations of itraconazole (median 16 weeks) compared to the individuals with S. schenckii (median 24 weeks). Conclusions/Significance These findings suggest that Sporothrix species are linked to different clinical manifestations of sporotrichosis and that S. brasiliensis is effectively treated with oral itraconazole. PMID:25233227

Almeida-Paes, Rodrigo; de Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Freitas, Dayvison Francis Saraiva; do Valle, Antônio Carlos Francesconi; Zancopé-Oliveira, Rosely Maria; Gutierrez-Galhardo, Maria Clara

2014-01-01

151

Livedoid vasculopathy: review of pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment.  

PubMed

We report the case of a patient with livedoid vasculopathy that had been undiagnosed and inadequately treated for more than 10 years. To improve disease recognition and management, we review the pathogenesis, typical clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment options for livedoid vasculopathy. PMID:23409480

Haunson, G Trey; Judy, David W; Prall, Nicole C; Miller, Richard A

2012-12-01

152

XML-based scripting of multimodality image presentations in multidisciplinary clinical conferences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed a multi-modality image presentation software for display and analysis of images and related data from different imaging modalities. The software is part of a cardiac image review and presentation platform that supports integration of digital images and data from digital and analog media such as videotapes, analog x-ray films and 35 mm cine films. The software supports standard DICOM image files as well as AVI and PDF data formats. The system is integrated in a digital conferencing room that includes projections of digital and analog sources, remote videoconferencing capabilities, and an electronic whiteboard. The goal of this pilot project is to: 1) develop a new paradigm for image and data management for presentation in a clinically meaningful sequence adapted to case-specific scenarios, 2) design and implement a multi-modality review and conferencing workstation using component technology and customizable 'plug-in' architecture to support complex review and diagnostic tasks applicable to all cardiac imaging modalities and 3) develop an XML-based scripting model of image and data presentation for clinical review and decision making during routine clinical tasks and multidisciplinary clinical conferences.

Ratib, Osman M.; Allada, Vivekanand; Dahlbom, Magdalena; Marcus, Phillip; Fine, Ian; Lapstra, Lorelle

2002-05-01

153

An Observational Study of the Etiology, clinical presentation and outcomes associated with peritonitis in Lilongwe, Malawi  

PubMed Central

Introduction Peritonitis is a life-threatening condition with a multitude of etiologies that can vary with geographic location. The aims of this study were to elucidate the etiology, clinical presentation and outcomes associated with peritonitis in Lilongwe, Malawi. Methods All patients admitted to Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) who underwent an operation for treatment of peritonitis during the calendar year 2008 were eligible. Peritonitis was defined as abdominal rigidity, rebound tenderness, and/or guarding in one or more abdominal quadrants. Subjects were identified from a review of the medical records for all patients admitted to the adult general surgical ward and the operative log book. Those who met the definition of peritonitis and underwent celiotomy were included. Results 190 subjects were identified. The most common etiologies were appendicitis (22%), intestinal volvulus (17%), perforated peptic ulcer (11%) and small bowel perforation (11%). The overall mortality rate associated with peritonitis was 15%, with the highest mortality rates observed in solid organ rupture (35%), perforated peptic ulcer (33%), primary/idiopathic peritonitis (27%), tubo-ovarian abscess (20%) and small bowel perforation (15%). Factors associated with death included abdominal rigidity, generalized (versus localized) peritonitis, hypotension, tachycardia and anemia (p < 0.05). Age, gender, symptoms (obstipation, vomiting) and symptom duration, tachypnea, abnormal temperature, leukocytosis, hemoconcentration, thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis were not associated with mortality (p = NS). Conclusions There are several signs and laboratory findings predictive of poor outcome in Malawian patients with peritonitis. Tachycardia, hypotension, anemia, abdominal rigidity and generalized peritonitis are the most predictive of death (P < 0.05 for each). Similar to studies from other African countries, in our population the most common cause of peritonitis was appendicitis, and the overall mortality rate among all patients with peritonitis was 15%. Identified geographical differences included intestinal volvulus, rare in the US but the 2nd most common cause of peritonitis in Malawi and gallbladder disease, common in Ethiopia but not observed in Malawi. Future research should investigate whether correction of factors associated with mortality might improve outcomes. PMID:22067899

2011-01-01

154

Hotline update of clinical trials and registries presented at the German Cardiac Society Meeting 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article gives an overview on a number of novel clinical trials and registries in the field of cardiovascular medicine.\\u000a Key presentations made at the 75th annual meeting of the German Cardiac Society, held in Mannheim, Germany, in April 2009\\u000a are reported. The data were presented by leading experts in the field with relevant positions in the trials and

L. S. Maier; S. H. Schirmer; K. Walenta; C. Jacobshagen; M. Böhm

2009-01-01

155

Hotline Update of Clinical Trials and Registries presented at the German Cardiac Society Meeting 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the results of a number of new clinical trials, registries and metaanalyses in the field of cardiovascular\\u000a medicine. Key presentations made at the 73rd annual meeting of the German Cardiac Society, held in Mannheim, Germany, in April 2007 are reported. The data were presented\\u000a by leading experts in the field with relevant positions in the trials, registries

Stephan Rosenkranz; Lars S. Maier; Christoph Maack; Michael Böhm

2007-01-01

156

Clinical Trial Updates and Hotline Sessions presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides information and commentaries on trials which were presented at the Hotline and Clinical Trial Update\\u000a Sessions at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2007 in Vienna. The key presentations were performed by leading experts\\u000a in the field with relevant positions in the trials or registries. It is important to note that unpublished reports should\\u000a be considered as

Michael Kindermann; Oliver Adam; Nikos Werner; Michael Böhm

2007-01-01

157

Hotline update of clinical trials and registries presented at the German Cardiac Society meeting 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article summarizes results of a number of new clinical trials and registries in the field of cardiovascular medicine.\\u000a Key presentations made at the 74th annual meeting of the German Cardiac Society, held in Mannheim, Germany, in March 2008\\u000a are reported. The data were presented by leading experts in the field with relevant positions in the trials and registries.

L. S. Maier; C. Maack; O. Ritter; M. Böhm

2008-01-01

158

Burkittts lymphoma revisited: series of three cases with varied clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Burkitt's lymphoma is a form of non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma with more than one identifiable variant. This tumour was first noted in Africans. The sporadic form most commonly presents with abdominal lymph node involvement. This tumour predominently affects children and is probably the fastest growing tumours in humans, with exuberant proliferation. We here in report on three patients from our experience both adult and children who presented with varied clinical features. PMID:25332582

Chatterjee, Tathagat; Gupta, Devika; Bharadwaj, Reena; Madan, Renu

2014-09-01

159

Contribution of Transjugular Liver Biopsy in Patients with the Clinical Presentation of Acute Liver Failure  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. Acute liver failure (ALF) treated with conservative therapy has a poor prognosis, although individual survival varies greatly. In these patients, the eligibility for liver transplantation must be quickly decided. The aim of this study was to assess the role of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) in the management of patients with the clinical presentation of ALF. Methods. Seventeen patients with the clinical presentation of ALF were referred to our institution during a 52 month period. A TJLB was performed using the Cook Quick-Core needle biopsy. Clinical data, procedural complications, and histologic findings were evaluated. Results. Causes of ALF were virus hepatitis B infection in 7 patients, drug toxicity in 4, mushroom in 1, Wilson's disease in 1, and unknown origin in 4. TJLB was technically successful in all patients without procedure-related complications. Tissue specimens were satisfactory for diagnosis in all cases. In 14 of 17 patients the initial clinical diagnosis was confirmed by TJLB; in 3 patients the initial diagnosis was altered by the presence of unknown cirrhosis. Seven patients with necrosis <60% were successfully treated with medical therapy; 6 patients with submassive or massive necrosis ({>=}85%) were treated with liver transplantation. Four patients died, 3 had cirrhosis, and 1 had submassive necrosis. There was a strict statistical correlation (r = 0.972, p < 0.0001) between the amount of necrosis at the frozen section examination and the necrosis found at routine histologic examination. The average time for TJLB and frozen section examination was 80 min. Conclusion. In patients with the clinical presentation of ALF, submassive or massive liver necrosis and cirrhosis are predictors of poor prognosis. TLJB using an automated device and frozen section examination can be a quick and effective tool in clinical decision-making, especially in deciding patient selection and the best timing for liver transplantation.

Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Luca, Angelo; Gruttadauria, Salvatore; Minervini, Marta Ida; Vizzini, Giovanni; Arcadipane, Antonio; Gridelli, Bruno [Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad Alta Specializzazione (IsMeTT) (Italy)

2006-12-15

160

Systemic Arthritis in Children: A Review of Clinical Presentation and Treatment  

PubMed Central

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) constitutes a small part of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), yet has a disproportionally higher rate of mortality. Despite being grouped under JIA, it is considered to be a multifactorial autoinflammatory disease. The objective of this paper is to review the epidemiology, pathogenesis, genetics, clinical manifestations, complications, therapy, prognosis, and outcome of sJIA. The presentation and clinical manifestations of sJIA have not changed much in the past several decades, but the collective understanding of the pathogenesis and the development of new targeted therapies (particularly the biologic agents) have transformed and improved the disease outcome for children with sJIA. PMID:22235382

Gurion, R.; Lehman, T. J. A.; Moorthy, L. N.

2012-01-01

161

Clinical Presentation Resembling Mucosal Disease Associated with 'HoBi'-like Pestivirus in a Field Outbreak.  

PubMed

The genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae consists of four recognized species: Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1), Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 2 (BVDV-2), Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and Border disease virus (BDV). Recently, atypical pestiviruses ('HoBi'-like pestiviruses) were identified in batches of contaminated foetal calf serum and in naturally infected cattle with and without clinical symptoms. Here, we describe the first report of a mucosal disease-like clinical presentation (MD) associated with a 'HoBi'-like pestivirus occurring in a cattle herd. The outbreak was investigated using immunohistochemistry, antibody detection, viral isolation and RT-PCR. The sequence and phylogenetic analysis of 5'NCR, N(pro) and E2 regions of the RT-PCR positive samples showed that four different 'HoBi'-like strains were circulating in the herd. The main clinical signs and lesions were observed in the respiratory and digestive systems, but skin lesions and corneal opacity were also observed. MD characteristic lesions and a pestivirus with cytopathic biotype were detected in one calf. The present study is the first report of a MD like presentation associated with natural infection with 'HoBi'-like pestivirus. This report describes the clinical signs and provides a pathologic framework of an outbreak associated with at least two different 'HoBi'-like strains. Based on these observations, it appears that these atypical pestiviruses are most likely underdiagnosed in Brazilian cattle. PMID:24735072

Weber, M N; Mósena, A C S; Simões, S V D; Almeida, L L; Pessoa, C R M; Budaszewski, R F; Silva, T R; Ridpath, J F; Riet-Correa, F; Driemeier, D; Canal, C W

2014-04-16

162

Cerebral microbleeds: their associated factors, radiologic findings, and clinical implications.  

PubMed

Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are tiny, round dark-signal lesions that are most often detected on gradient-echo MR images. CMBs consist of extravasations of blood components through fragile microvascular walls characterized by lipohyalinosis and surrounding macrophages. The prevalence of CMBs in elderly subjects with no history of cerebrovascular disease is around 5%, but is much higher in patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Development of CMBs is closely related to various vascular risk factors; in particular, lobar CMBs are thought to be associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy. The presence of CMBs has been hypothesized to reflect cerebral-hemorrhage-prone status in patients with hypertension or amyloid microangiopathy. Stroke survivors with CMBs have been consistently found to have an elevated risk of subsequent hemorrhagic stroke or an antithrombotic-related hemorrhagic complication, although studies have failed to establish a link between CMBs and hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolytic treatment. A large prospective study is required to clarify the clinical significance of CMBs and their utility in a decision-making index. PMID:24396809

Kim, Beom Joon; Lee, Seung-Hoon

2013-09-01

163

Craniosynostosis associated with FGFR3 pro250arg mutation results in a range of clinical presentations including unisutural sporadic craniosynostosis.  

PubMed Central

Several mutations involving the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) gene family have been identified in association with phenotypically distinct forms of craniosynostosis. One such point mutation, resulting in the substitution of proline by arginine in a critical region of the linker region between the first and second immunoglobulin-like domains, is associated with highly specific phenotypic consequences in that mutation at this point in FGFR1 results in Pfeiffer syndrome and analogous mutation in FGFR2 results in Apert syndrome. We now show that a much more variable clinical presentation accompanies analogous mutation in the FGFR3 gene. Specifically, mental retardation, apparently unrelated to the management of the craniosynostosis, appears to be a variable clinical consequence of this FGFR3 mutation. Images PMID:9279753

Reardon, W; Wilkes, D; Rutland, P; Pulleyn, L J; Malcolm, S; Dean, J C; Evans, R D; Jones, B M; Hayward, R; Hall, C M; Nevin, N C; Baraister, M; Winter, R M

1997-01-01

164

[Clinical manifestation of chromosome 2 long arm terminal deletion--presentation of four cases].  

PubMed

Terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 2 belongs to the most common structural aberrations of subtelomeric chromosomal regions. Clinical manifestations of this syndrome comprise: global psychomotor delay, moderate to severe mental retardation with specific facial dysmorphism. In some cases a phenotype similar to Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) may also be observed (short stature, obesity, brachydactyly). The paper covers the characteristics of clinical features in four cases of terminal deletions in 2q36.2, 2q37.1 and 2q37.3 identified in routine cytogenetic study and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. In one case the deletion of subtelomeric region of chromosome 2 (2q37.3) occurred as a result of reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 2 and 7. A comparison was made of clinical symptoms present in our patients with relevant data concerning other cases of 2q monosomy, described in specialized publications. PMID:17965466

Szcza?uba, Krzysztof; Obersztyn, Ewa; Ziemkiewicz, Kamila; Jamsheer, Aleksander; Bocian, Ewa; Mazurczak, Tadeusz

2007-01-01

165

Clinical presentations of critical cardiac defects in the newborn: Decision making and initial management  

PubMed Central

The risk of mortality and morbidity of patients with congenital heart defects (CHDs) is highest during neonatal period and increases when diagnosis and proper management are delayed. Neonates with critical CHDs may present with severe cyanosis, respiratory distress, shock, or collapse, all of which are also frequent clinical presentations of various respiratory problems or sepsis in the newborn. Early diagnosis and stabilization and timely referral to a tertiary cardiac center are crucial to improve the outcomes in neonates with CHDs. In this review, the clinical presentation of critical and potentially life-threatening CHDs is discussed along with brief case reviews to help understand the hemodynamics of these defects and ensure proper decision-making in critically ill patients. PMID:21189937

2010-01-01

166

Hydatid cyst of liver: a case with an unusual clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Hydatid cyst caused by the parasite Echinococcus most commonly involve liver and usually presented with right hypochondrial pain which may be associated with jaundice, urticarial skin rashes, pruritus etc., We report here a case of 32 years old young lady who clinically presented with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma of recent onset. Her chest x-ray was unremarkable except slightly pushed up diaphragm on right side. Ultrasonography of abdomen revealed a cyst in the right lobe of liver, suggestive of hydatid cyst. Following confirmation of diagnosis by computed tomography (CT)-guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) surgical resection of the cystic lesion was done. On subsequent follow up for one year she was found to be cured of bronchial asthma. This case of hepatic hydatid cyst is reported here for its unique clinical presentation exclusively with bronchial asthma which completely subsided with resection of the cyst. PMID:23548255

Datta, Abhijit; Ghosh, Sunil Kumar; Dasgupta, Arunabha; De, Asim

2011-12-01

167

Occult cystobiliary communication presenting as postoperative biliary leakage after hydatid liver surgery: Are there significant preoperative clinical predictors?  

PubMed Central

Background Occult cystobiliary communication (CBC) presents with biliary leakage, if the cystobiliary opening cannot be detected and repaired at operation. We investigated the clinical signs associated with the risk of occult CBC in the preoperative period by studying patients who developed biliary leakage after hydatid liver surgery. Methods We analyzed the records of 191 patients treated for hydatid liver cyst. Postoperative biliary leakage developed in 41 patients (21.5%). Independent predictive factors were established by logistic regression analysis using clinical parameters, whose cutoff values were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results Postoperative biliary leakage presented as external biliary fistula in 31 (75.6%) of 41 patients, as biliary peritonitis in 6 (14.6%) and as cyst cavity biliary abscess in 4 (9.8%). Independent clinical predictors of occult CBC, represented by biliary leakage, were alkaline phosphatase > 250 U/L, total bilirubin > 17.1 ?mol/L, direct bilirubin > 6.8 ?mol/L, ?-glutamyl transferase > 34.5 U/L, eosinophils > 0.09 and cyst diameter > 8.5 cm. Multilocular or degenerate cysts increased the risk of biliary leakage (p = 0.012). Postoperative complication rates were 53.7% in the patients with biliary leakage, and 10.0% (p < 0.001) in those without. The mean postoperative hospital stay was longer in patients with biliary leakage (14.3 [and standard deviation {SD} 1.9] d) than in those without (7.3 [SD 2.3] d) (p < 0.001). Nineteen (61.3%) of 31 biliary fistulae closed spontaneously within 10 days. The remaining 12 (38.7%) fistulae closed within 7 days after endoscopic sphincterotomy. Conclusion Factors that predict occult CBC due to hydatid liver cyst were identified. These factors should allow the likelihood of CBC to be determined and, thus, indicate the need for additional procedures during operation to prevent the complications of biliary leakage. PMID:16749978

Demircan, Orhan; Baymus, Mustafa; Seydaoglu, Gülsah; Akinoglu, Alper; Sakman, Gürhan

2006-01-01

168

The past, present and future of stem cell clinical trials for ALS.  

PubMed

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the cortex, brainstem and spinal cord. This leads to paralysis, respiratory insufficiency and death within an average of 3 to 5 years from disease onset. While the genetics of ALS are becoming more understood in familial cases, the mechanisms underlying disease pathology remain unclear and there are no effective treatment options. Without understanding what causes ALS it is difficult to design treatments. However, in recent years stem cell transplantation has emerged as a potential new therapy for ALS patients. While motor neuron replacement remains a focus of some studies trying to treat ALS with stem cells, there is more rationale for using stem cells as support cells for dying motor neurons as they are already connected to the muscle. This could be through reducing inflammation, releasing growth factors, and other potential less understood mechanisms. Prior to moving into patients, stringent pre-clinical studies are required that have at least some rationale and efficacy in animal models and good safety profiles. However, given our poor understanding of what causes ALS and whether stem cells may ameliorate symptoms, there should be a push to determine cell safety in pre-clinical models and then a quick translation to the clinic where patient trials will show if there is any efficacy. Here, we provide a critical review of current clinical trials using either mesenchymal or neural stem cells to treat ALS patients. Pre-clinical data leading to these trials, as well as those in development are also evaluated in terms of mechanisms of action, validity of conclusions and rationale for advancing stem cell treatment strategies for this devastating disorder. PMID:24613827

Thomsen, Gretchen M; Gowing, Genevieve; Svendsen, Soshana; Svendsen, Clive N

2014-12-01

169

Clinical presentations and biochemical profile in adult celiac disease patients in Hyderabad: Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Objective: To see the various clinical presentations and biochemical profile in adult celiac disease patients of Hyderabad Sindh. Methods: A total 60 suspected cases of adult celiac disease, both males and females were screened out from Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences hospital and private clinics at Sadar Hyderabad Sind by non probability purposive sampling during a period from July 2011 to December 2012.Age ranged between 18 to 55 Years. A detailed history and clinical examination was done. Patients already on gluten free diet, age <12years, tuberculosis or cancer of intestine/colon and patients of diabetes and thyroid disorder were excluded, while patients having positive ant tTG (value >15 iu/ml detected by ELISA) were included. The biochemical profile including serum albumin, calcium ,ferritin, SGPT, Alkaline phosphatase and Haemoglobin were estimated in central Diagnostic laboratory LUMHS by taking 10 cc centrifuged blood sample. The data was plotted on SPSS 16, mean and percentages were calculated. Results: All patients were divided in to three groups according to age. The most common group was 18-30 years; (mean, 23.5±5.6) comprised 56.6%. The commonest clinical presentation was diarrhoea in 50%, menstrual irregularity in 21%, walking problems 21%, undue fatigue in 15% and edema in 15%. P values calculated in quantitative variable of males and females. The p value was significant in between serum calcium (p 0.004), haemoglobin (p 0,004), serum ferritin (<0.005) and alkaline phosphatise (<0.005). Conclusion: This study showed that Adult celiac disease was present with entirely different clinical and biochemical profile in patients in this region. PMID:24772128

Masood, Naila; Ali Shaikh, Imran

2014-01-01

170

Cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis resembling borderline-tuberculoid leprosy: a new clinical presentation?  

PubMed

Both cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis are endemic in Northern Ethiopia. The different clinical presentations depend on the responsible organism and the host's immune response. Localized cutaneous leishmaniasis is the type most frequently seen. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis is relatively rare and usually associated with mucous membrane involvement. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis presents with multiple lesions, can be difficult to diagnose and responds less favourably to treatment. We report here 2 patients with unusual presentations of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis presenting with large hypopigmented skin lesions mimicking borderline-tuberculoid leprosy. To our knowledge this presentation has not been described before and may present difficulties in making a definite diagnosis in regions where both leprosy and cutaneous leishmaniasis are endemic. Lepromatous leprosy and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis are regularly confused, particularly when no skin smears for acid-fast bacillus or Leishman-Donovan bodies are performed. PMID:22434112

Dassoni, Federica; Abebe, Zerihun; Naafs, Bernard; Morrone, Aldo

2013-01-01

171

Left ventricular diastolic function in workers occupationally exposed to mercury vapour without clinical presentation of cardiac involvement  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the study was to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function in workers occupationally exposed to mercury vapour without clinical presentation of cardiac involvement. The studies included 115 workers (92 men and 23 women) occupationally exposed to mercury vapour without clinical presentation of cardiac involvement (mean age: 47.83 ± 8.29). Blood samples were taken to determine blood lipid profile, urine was collected to estimate mercury concentration (Hg-U) and echocardiographic examination was performed to evaluate diastolic function of the left ventricle. In the entire group of workers occupationally exposed to mercury vapour without clinical presentation of cardiac involvement, Spearman correlations analysis demonstrated the following significant linear relationships: between body mass index (BMI) and ratio of maximal early diastolic mitral flow velocity/early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E') (r = 0.32, p < 0.05), between serum HDL concentration and E/E' (r = ? 0.22, p < 0.05), between Hg-U and E/E' (r = 0.35, p < 0.05), between Hg-U and isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT') (r = 0.41, p < 0.05), between Hg-U and ratio of maximal early diastolic mitral flow velocity/maximal late diastolic mitral flow velocity (E/A) (r = ? 0.31, p < 0.05) and between serum HDL concentration and E/A (r = 0.43, p < 0,05). In logistic regression analysis it as shown that independent factors of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction risk in the study group included a higher urine mercury concentration, a higher value of BMI and a lower serum HDL concentration (OR{sub Hg}-{sub U} = 1.071, OR{sub BMI} = 1.200, OR{sub HDL} = 0.896, p < 0.05). Summing up, occupational exposure to mercury vapour may be linked to impaired left ventricular diastolic function in workers without clinical presentation of cardiac involvement. -- Highlights: ? Study aimed at evaluation of LVDD in workers occupationally exposed to Hg. ? There was significant linear relationships between Hg-U and E/E'. ? Independent risk factor of LVDD in study group included higher Hg-U. ? Independent risk factor of LVDD in study group included higher BMI and lower HDL. ? Occupational exposure to Hg may be linked to LVDD.

Por?ba, Rafa?, E-mail: sogood@poczta.onet.pl; Skoczy?ska, Anna; Ga?, Pawe?; Turczyn, Barbara; Wojakowska, Anna

2012-09-15

172

From Incidentaloma to Suspicion of Malignancy: The Diverse Clinical Presentation of Gonadal Schistosomiasis mansoni  

PubMed Central

Schistosomiasis is the second most widespread parasitic disease in the world, second only to malaria. The usual places the Schistosoma mansoni can be found in are the rectal and sigmoidal venules, as well as other segments of the large intestine of men. It may also be present in other ectopic topographies. Gonadal schistosomiasis is an unusual presentation of Schistosomiasis mansoni and its different clinical signs and symptoms disrupt correct diagnosis and culminate in surgical treatment that is, in most cases, unnecessary. In this study, we report four cases of gonadal Schistosomiasis mansoni, two in the ovary and two in the testicles. These cases were clinically investigated as a bacterial infection, a benign neoplasm, and a suspected cancer, whilst one of them was an incidentaloma. PMID:24392230

Almeida, Laiana do Carmo; de Oliveira, Marbele Guimarães; Castro Pereira, Fábio Meira; de Bessa Júnior, José

2013-01-01

173

[Peculiarities of clinical and laboratory characteristics of the activity of streptococcal infection in the patients presenting with tonsillar pathology].  

PubMed

The objective of the present study was to characterize peculiar clinical and laboratory features of trivial tonsillitis for the substantiation of the necessity of prescription of antibacterial therapy. A total of 386 patients presenting with various forms of trivial tonsillitis were available for the determination of anti-streptococcal antibody (ASLO, anti-DN-ase B, ASPH) levels. The results of the measurement were compared based on the Centor scale generally used to estimate the necessity of prescribing antibacterial therapy for the treatment of sore throat. It is concluded that laboratory studies of characteristics of S. ?yogenes activity are needed in all the patients presenting with tonsillitis in order to elucidate the etiological factors responsible for pharyngalgia and the necessity of prescription of antibacterial therapy for the prevention of pyogenic systemic complications of streptococcal infection. PMID:23887368

Kriukov, A I; Aksenova, A V; Shostak, N A; Briko, N I; Gurov, A V; Kle?menov, D A; Guseva, O A; Nabieva, T T

2013-01-01

174

Acanthamoeba, fungal, and bacterial keratitis: a comparison of risk factors and clinical features  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine risk factors and clinical signs that may differentiate between bacterial, fungal, and acanthamoeba keratitis among patients presenting with presumed infectious keratitis. Design Hospital-based cross-sectional study. Methods We examined the medical records of 115 patients with laboratory-proven bacterial keratitis, 115 patients with laboratory-proven fungal keratitis, and 115 patients with laboratory-proven acanthamoeba keratitis seen at Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India, from 2006–2011. Risk factors and clinical features of the three organisms were compared using multinomial logistic regression. Results Of 95 patients with bacterial keratitis, 103 patients with fungal keratitis, and 93 patients with acanthamoeba keratitis who had medical records available for review, 287 (99%) did not wear contact lenses. Differentiating features were more common for acanthamoeba keratitis than for bacterial or fungal keratitis. Compared to patients with bacterial or fungal keratitis, patients with acanthamoeba keratitis were more likely to be younger and to have a longer duration of symptoms, and to have a ring infiltrate or disease confined to the epithelium. Conclusions Risk factors and clinical examination findings can be useful for differentiating acanthamoeba keratitis from bacterial and fungal keratitis. PMID:24200232

Mascarenhas, Jeena; Lalitha, Prajna; Prajna, N. Venkatesh; Srinivasan, Muthiah; Das, Manoranjan; D’Silva, Sean S.; Oldenburg, Catherine E.; Borkar, Durga S.; Esterberg, Elizabeth J.; Lietman, Thomas M.; Keenan, Jeremy D.

2013-01-01

175

Cervical artery dissection--clinical features, risk factors, therapy and outcome in 126 patients.  

PubMed

The highly variable clinical course of cervical artery dissections still poses a major challenge to the treating physician. This study was conducted (1) to describe the differences in clinical and angiographic presentation of patients with carotid and vertebral artery dissections (CAD, VAD), (2) to define the circumstances that are related to bilateral arterial dissections, and (3) to determine factors that predict a poor outcome. Retrospectively and by standardised interview, we studied 126 patients with cervical artery dissections. Preceding traumata, vascular risk factors, presenting local and ischemic symptoms, and patient-outcome were evaluated. Patients with CAD presented more often with a partial Horner's syndrome and had a higher prevalence of fibromuscular dysplasia than patients with VAD. Patients with VAD complained more often of neck pain, more frequently reported a preceding chiropractic manipulation and had a higher incidence of bilateral dissections than patients with CAD. Bilateral VAD was significantly related to a preceding chiropractic manipulation. Multivariate analysis showed that the variables stroke and arterial occlusion were the only independent factors associated with a poor outcome. This study emphasises the potential dangers of chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine. Probably owing to the systematic use of forceful neck-rotation to both sides, this treatment was significantly associated with bilateral VAD. Patients with dissection-related cervical artery occlusion had a significantly increased risk of suffering a disabling stroke. PMID:14586598

Dziewas, Rainer; Konrad, Carsten; Dräger, Bianca; Evers, Stefan; Besselmann, Michael; Lüdemann, Peter; Kuhlenbäumer, Gregor; Stögbauer, Florian; Ringelstein, E Bernd

2003-10-01

176

Clinical manifestations and prognostic factors of Morganella morganii bacteremia.  

PubMed

Although Morganella morganii causes a variety of clinical infections, there are limited studies on M. morganii bacteremia after the year 2000. A total of 109 patients with M. morganii bacteremia at a medical center in Taiwan from 2003 to 2012 were studied. Among them, 30.3 % had polymicrobial bacteremia and 75.2 % had community-acquired infection. The most common underlying diseases were hypertension (62.4 %) and diabetes mellitus (38.5 %). The urinary tract (41.3 %) was the major portal of entry, followed by the hepatobiliary tract (27.5 %), skin and soft tissue (21.1 %), and primary bacteremia (10.1 %). Susceptibility testing of M. morganii isolates showed ubiquitous resistance to first-generation cephalosporins and ampicillin-clavulanate; resistance rates to gentamicin, piperacillin-tazobactam, and ciprofloxacin were 30.3 %, 1.8 %, and 10.1 %, respectively. Overall, the 14-day mortality was 14.7 %. Univariate analysis revealed that elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) values [p?=?0.0137, odds ratio (OR) 5.26], intensive care unit (ICU) admission (p?=?0.011, OR 4.4), and higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores (p?factor for mortality in multivariate analysis (p?=?0.0012, OR 1.55). In conclusion, M. morganii bacteremia patients were mostly elderly, with one or more comorbidities. Most of the patients had community-acquired infection via the urinary and hepatobiliary tracts. Furthermore, prognosis can be predicted according to disease severity measured by the APACHE II score. PMID:25107625

Lin, T-Y; Chan, M-C; Yang, Y-S; Lee, Y; Yeh, K-M; Lin, J-C; Chang, F-Y

2015-02-01

177

Primary Laryngeal Neuroendocrine Carcinoma – A Rare Entity with Deviant Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

Primary laryngeal neuroendocrine carcinomas are rare neoplasms. WHO classifies them under five categories of which, the moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma is synonymous with atypical or malignant carcinoid tumour. We report a rare case of primary laryngeal neuroendocrine carcinoma with an unusual and misleading clinical presentation. The initial cytological diagnosis of secondary neuroendocrine carcinoma in the cervical lymph node led to the suspicion of primary neuroendocrine carcinoma in the larynx. PMID:25386445

K, Anoosha; K, Amita; Shankar S, Vijay; Geeta K, Avadhani

2014-01-01

178

Spectrum of clinical presentations in familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 5 patients with mutations in STXBP2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an often-fatal hyperinflammatory syndrome characterized by fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, and in some cases hemophagocytosis. Here, we describe the mutation analysis, clinical presentation, and functional analysis of natural killer (NK) cells in patients with mutations in STXBP2 encoding Munc18-2, recently associated with familial HLH type 5. The disease severity among 11 persons studied here was highly variable

M. Meeths; M. Entesarian; W. Al-Herz; S. C. C. Chiang; S. M. Wood; W. Al-Ateeqi; F. Almazan; J. J. Boelens; H. Hasle; M. Ifversen; B. Lund; Berg van den J. M; B. Gustafsson; H. Hjelmqvist; M. Nordenskjold; Y. T. Bryceson; J.-I. Henter

2010-01-01

179

Sinus histiocytosis (Rosai-Dorfman disease) presenting with solitary cutaneous nodule: a very rare clinical entity  

PubMed Central

Sinus histiocytosis is a rare inflammatory disease mainly affecting the cervical lymph nodes, presenting with skin lesions in 10% of cases. Our patient had a solitary nodule on the trunk without any other clinical signs. The histology reported a dermal neoplasm composed mainly of macrophages and lymphocytes. Macrophages were aggregated in clusters resembling lymph node sinuses. Lymphophagocytosis or emperipolesis (the presence of an intact cell within the cytoplasm of another cell) was noted and the diagnosis of sinus histiocytosis established. PMID:23785592

Duarte-Williamson, Emilia; Antony, Fiona; Rotarescu, Radu

2012-01-01

180

Presentations  

Cancer.gov

Presentations Name Position Presentation (ppt) Sudhir Srivastava, PhD, MPH Chief, Cancer Biomarkers Research Group Metabolomics: An Untapped Frontier (ppt, 161kb) John Milner, PhD Chief, Nutritional Sciences research Group Can Metabolomics

181

Insulin-like growth factor-I: clinical studies.  

PubMed

Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has endocrine, autocrine and paracrine properties. Receptors for IGF-I are present on virtually all cell types but are located mainly on cells of mesenchymal origin, such as fibroblasts, chondrocytes and osteoblasts. Growth hormone (GH)-dependent and GH-independent actions of IGF-I have been implicated in normal and abnormal bone growth, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, cancer, thyroid disease and hematological diseases. The availability of recombinant human IGF-I (rhIGF-I) has led to new treatments for GH-resistant Laron dwarfism and certain diseases associated with severe insulin resistance. IGF-I has recently been investigated as a neurotrophic factor. Phase II efficacy trials with patients with neurological disease such as traumatic brain injury, myotonic dystrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have shown that rhIGF-I has efficacy on various outcome parameters. Treatment with rhIGF-I may result in reversible side effects of which increased heart rate, papilledema, ophthalmologic and intracranial hypertension, facial and generalized edema, and weight gain are noteworthy. PMID:15094866

Vos, P E; Koppeschaar, H P; de Vries, W R; Wokke, J H

1998-01-01

182

False fracture of the penis: Different pathology but similar clinical presentation and management  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Penile fracture is the most common presentation of acute penis. Rupture of the superficial dorsal penile vein (s) may mimic penile fractures with similar clinical presentation but with intact corporeal bodies. Our aim of the study is to highlight superficial dorsal penile vein (s) injury as true emergency with better prognosis. Subjects and Methods: Sixty-eight patients with suspected penile fractures presented to our hospital between June 2007 and January 2013. Out of these, 11 patients showed intact tunica albuginea on exploration with injured dorsal penile vein (s) identified. Records of such 11 cases were reviewed regarding age, etiology, symptoms, physical signs, findings of surgical exploration and post-operative erectile function. Results: All 11 patients were injured during sexual intercourse and presented with penile swelling and ecchymosis and gradual detumescence. Mild penile pain was encountered in 5 cases and the “snap” sound was noted in 2 cases. Examination revealed no localized tenderness, or tunical defect. All the patients regained penile potency without deformity after surgical ligation of the severed vessels. One patient developed penile hypoesthesia. Conclusion: Although the classic “snap” sound and immediate detumescence are usually lacking in the symptomology of dorsal penile vein rupture, its clinical presentation can be indistinguishable from true penile fracture. Surgical exploration is still required to avoid missing tunical tear with possible future complications. The long-term outcome and prognosis are excellent. PMID:24669117

Kurkar, Adel; Elderwy, Ahmad A.; Orabi, Elderwy

2014-01-01

183

Information Presentation: Human Research Program - Space Human Factors and Habitability, Space Human Factors Engineering Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers atJohnson Space Center and Ames Research Center. T

Holden, Kristina L.; Sandor, Aniko; Thompson, Shelby G.; Kaiser, Mary K.; McCann, Robert S.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Wenzel, E. M.; Godfroy, M.; Stone, L. S.

2010-01-01

184

Clinical factors affecting pathological fracture and healing of unicameral bone cysts  

PubMed Central

Background Unicameral bone cyst (UBC) is the most common benign lytic bone lesion seen in children. The aim of this study is to investigate clinical factors affecting pathological fracture and healing of UBC. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 155 UBC patients who consulted Nagoya musculoskeletal oncology group hospitals in Japan. Sixty of the 155 patients had pathological fracture at presentation. Of 141 patients with follow-up periods exceeding 6 months, 77 were followed conservatively and 64 treated by surgery. Results The fracture risk was significantly higher in the humerus than other bones. In multivariate analysis, ballooning of bone, cyst in long bone, male sex, thin cortical thickness and multilocular cyst were significant adverse prognostic factors for pathological fractures at presentation. The healing rates were 30% and 83% with observation and surgery, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that fracture at presentation and history of biopsy were good prognostic factors for healing of UBC in patients under observation. Conclusion The present results suggest that mechanical disruption of UBC such as fracture and biopsy promotes healing, and thus watchful waiting is indicated in these patients, whereas patients with poor prognostic factors for fractures should be considered for surgery. PMID:24884661

2014-01-01

185

WISC-IV and Clinical Validation of the Four- and Five-Factor Interpretative Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the constructs measured by the WISC-IV and the consistency of measurement across large normative and clinical samples. Competing higher order four- and five-factor models were analyzed using the WISC-IV normative sample and clinical subjects. The four-factor solution is the model published with the test…

Weiss, Lawrence G.; Keith, Timothy Z.; Zhu, Jianjun; Chen, Hsinyi

2013-01-01

186

Clinical and psychosocial factors associated with achievement of treatment goals in adolescents with diabetes mellitus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine the following questions with regard to the initiation of a new intensive management program for adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus: (a) What clinical and psychosocial factors are associated with achievement of metabolic control treatment goals after 1 year? and (b) What baseline clinical and psychosocial factors are associated with improvement in the quality of life after

Margaret Grey; Maryanne Davidson; Elizabeth A Boland; William V Tamborlane

2001-01-01

187

Hypersensitivity to oxaliplatin: clinical features and risk factors  

PubMed Central

Background Oxaliplatin-based regimens induce a potential risk of hypersensitivity reaction (HSR), with incidence varying from 10% to 25% and lack of clearly identified risk factors. The present study aimed to assess incidence and risk factors in HSR. Methods All patients treated with oxaliplatin in the Medical Oncology Department of the Lyon Sud University Hospital (Hospices Civils de Lyon, France) from October 2004 to January 2011 were enrolled. Incidence and severity of HSR were analyzed retrospectively and the potential clinicopathological covariates were tested on univariate and multivariate analysis. Results A total of 1,221 doses of oxaliplatin were administered for 191 patients, 8.9% of whom experienced an HSR. Seventeen HSRs were observed, with 1.6% grade 3 and no grade 4 events. The first reaction appeared after a median of 3 oxaliplatin infusions. Using univariate analysis, HSR was associated with younger age (mean age, 56.2 years; p?=?0.04), female gender (p?=?0.01) and prior exposure to platinum salts (p?=?0.02). No increased risk was associated with mean dose or with presence of atopic background. Multivariate analysis confirmed that women were at higher risk of oxaliplatin HSR than men (p?

2014-01-01

188

Tuberculous Otitis with Proteus mirabilis Co-Infection: An Unsuspected Presentation Encountered in Clinical Practice.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis, a contagious bacterial disease which is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, primarily involves the lungs.Though Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is the commonest clinical presentation, there is a need for alertness towards uncommon presentations which involve other organs. Tuberculous otitis media (TOM) is one such rare presentation seen in paediatric practice. It is characterized by painless otorrhoea which fails to respond to the routine antibacterial treatment. TOM usually occurs secondary to PTB. Here is a case of tuberculous otitis media with Proteus mirabilis co-infection, with no evidence of PTB. In the sample of ear discharge obtained from the patient, acid fast bacilli were demonstrated on direct microscopy after Ziehl-Neelsen staining. Culture done on Lowenstein-Jensen medium demonstrated slow-growing Mycobacterium. Bacteriological culture and identification helped in isolating Proteus mirabilis. PCR, followed by Line- Probe Assay for early identification and susceptibility testing to primary drugs, was done. Further, patient tested negative for the Mantoux test. Patient was enrolled in National Tuberculosis programme- RNTCP. This case emphasizes on one of the less common presentations of a common disease. A high clinical suspicion and laboratory confirmation are required for appropriate patient management. PMID:24995225

Rajesh Gandham, Nageswari; Sardar, Moumita; Jadhav, Savita Vivek; Vyawahare, Chanda; Misra, Rabindranath

2014-05-01

189

Promoting Factors and Barriers to Participation in Early Phase Clinical Trials: Patients Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background Inclusion of minorities in clinical research is an essential step to develop novel cancer treatments, improve health care overall, understand potential differences in pharmacogenomics and address minorities’ disproportionate cancer burden. However, Latinos and other minority groups continue to be critically underrepresented, particularly in early-phase clinical trials (EPCTs). The objective of the present study was to explore barriers and promoting factors influencing patients’ decisions to enroll or not in early phase clinical trials (EPCTs) and identify areas for intervention to increase minority enrollment into clinical research. Methods An interviewer-administered survey was conducted with 100 cancer patients in the predominantly Latino region of South Texas. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify underlying dimensions, and multiple logistic regression assessed significant factors that promote or deter patients enrollment to EPCTs. In addition, a separate subgroup mean analysis assessed differences by enrollment status and race/ethnicity. Results For one standard deviation increase in the importance given to the possibility of symptoms improvement, the predicted odds of refusing enrollment were 3.20 times greater (OR=3.20, 95% CI=1.06–9.71, p 0.040). Regarding barriers, among patients who considered fear/uncertainty of the new treatment a deterrent to enrollment, one standard deviation increase in agreement with these barriers was associated with a 3.60 increase (OR=3.60, 95% CI=1.30–9.97h, p 0.014) in the odds of not being enrolled in an EPCT. In contrast, non-enrolled patients were less likely (OR=0.14, 95% CI=0.05–0.44, p 0.001) to consider fatalistic beliefs as an important barrier. Conclusion This study, one of the first to identify South Texas patients’ barriers to enroll in EPCTs, highlights potential focal areas to increase participation of both minority and non-minority patients in clinical research. Culturally tailored interventions promoting patient-centered care and bilingual, culturally competent study teams could solve common barriers and enhance Latinos’ likelihood of joining clinical trials. These interventions may simultaneously increase opportunities to involve patients and physicians in clinical trials, while ensuring the benefits of participation are equitably distributed to all patients. PMID:25077043

Chalela, Patricia; Suarez, Lucina; Muñoz, Edgar; Gallion, Kipling J.; Pollock, Brad H.; Weitman, Steven D.; Karnad, Anand; Ramirez, Amelie G.

2014-01-01

190

Changes in clinical & biochemical presentations of primary hyperparathyroidism in India over a period of 20 years  

PubMed Central

Background & objectives: With the advent of serum chemistry autoanalyzer and routine estimation of serum calcium as a part of annual physical examination, there has been a dramatic change in the presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) from symptomatic to asymptomatic disease in the United States. However, such trend has not been documented from India. We carried out this retrospective study to analyse the changes in clinical presentations of PHPT patients over a period of two decades in a tertiary care centre in north India. Methods: This retrospective study included patients with PHPT treated at a single centre of north India between March1990 and October 2010. Two decades were divided into four different time periods, i.e. 1990 to 1994, 1995 to 1999, 2000 to 2004 and 2005 to 2010. Clinical presentations, biochemical parameters and surgical outcomes were compared between different time periods using appropriate statistical methods. Results: Data of 202 patients with PHPT with male: female ratio of 3:7 were analyzed. There was a rise in the number of cases of PHPT diagnosed in the last decade compared to the previous decade (28 cases vs 174 cases, P<0.001). Change in the mean age, male: female ratio, lag time for the diagnosis of PHPT and clinical presentations of PHPT (predominance of bone and stone symptoms) did not differ across different time periods. Non-significant decrease in serum calcium levels at the time of diagnosis of PHPT and a significant, decline in the serum alkaline phosphatase levels (P<0.01) were found in the last decade, however, iPTH levels were higher in the last decade (P<0.05). There was no change in the site and size of parathyroid adenoma in the two decades, however, postoperative symptomatic hypocalcemia was less frequent in the last decade. Interpretation & conclusions: The findings of this retrospective analysis show that the PHPT still remains symptomatic disease with increasing awareness over the last two decades in our center. There was not much change in the clinical presentation, in the past two decades. PMID:25027078

Shah, Viral N.; Bhadada, Sanjay Kumar; Bhansali, Anil; Behera, Arnanshu; Mittal, B.R.

2014-01-01

191

Varicella Zoster Virus Meningitis in a Young Immunocompetent Adult without Rash: A Misleading Clinical Presentation.  

PubMed

Meningitis caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) is rare in healthy population. Predominantly immunocompromised patients are affected by reactivation of this virus with primary clinical features of rash and neurological symptoms. Here we report a young otherwise healthy man diagnosed with a VZV meningitis without rash. He complained of acute headache, nausea, and vomiting. The clinical examination did not show any neurological deficits or rash. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed a high leukocyte cell count of 1720?cells/µL and an elevated total protein of 1460?mg/L misleadingly indicating a bacterial infection. Further CSF analyses, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and detection of intrathecal synthesis of antibodies, showed a VZV infection. Clinical and CSF follow-up examinations proved the successful antiviral treatment. In conclusion, even young immunocompetent patients without rash might present with VZV meningitis. CSF examination is a key procedure in the diagnosis of CNS infections but in rare cases the standard values cell count and total protein might misleadingly indicate a bacterial infection. Thus, virological analyses should be considered even when a bacterial infection is suspected. PMID:25614843

Pasedag, Thomas; Weissenborn, Karin; Wurster, Ulrich; Ganzenmueller, Tina; Stangel, Martin; Skripuletz, Thomas

2014-01-01

192

Varicella Zoster Virus Meningitis in a Young Immunocompetent Adult without Rash: A Misleading Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

Meningitis caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV) is rare in healthy population. Predominantly immunocompromised patients are affected by reactivation of this virus with primary clinical features of rash and neurological symptoms. Here we report a young otherwise healthy man diagnosed with a VZV meningitis without rash. He complained of acute headache, nausea, and vomiting. The clinical examination did not show any neurological deficits or rash. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed a high leukocyte cell count of 1720?cells/µL and an elevated total protein of 1460?mg/L misleadingly indicating a bacterial infection. Further CSF analyses, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and detection of intrathecal synthesis of antibodies, showed a VZV infection. Clinical and CSF follow-up examinations proved the successful antiviral treatment. In conclusion, even young immunocompetent patients without rash might present with VZV meningitis. CSF examination is a key procedure in the diagnosis of CNS infections but in rare cases the standard values cell count and total protein might misleadingly indicate a bacterial infection. Thus, virological analyses should be considered even when a bacterial infection is suspected. PMID:25614843

Pasedag, Thomas; Weissenborn, Karin; Wurster, Ulrich; Ganzenmueller, Tina

2014-01-01

193

Presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inspired by the pioneering work of Abbas Edalat, several authors have sought to develop the theory of integration on a domain-theoretic foundation. The so-called “theory of charges” (finitely additive measures on algebras) provides tools for extending Edalat's original program of a general Riemann integral to a very wide class of domains. We present the appropriate definitions and general results that

Jimmie Lawson

2001-01-01

194

Human Factors Barriers to the Effective Use of Ten HIV Clinical Reminders  

PubMed Central

Objective: Substantial variations in adherence to guidelines for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care have been documented. To evaluate their effectiveness in improving quality of care, ten computerized clinical reminders (CRs) were implemented at two pilot and eight study sites. The aim of this study was to identify human factors barriers to the use of these CRs. Design: Observational study was conducted of CRs in use at eight outpatient clinics for one day each and semistructured interviews were conducted with physicians, pharmacists, nurses, and case managers. Measurements: Detailed handwritten field notes of interpretations and actions using the CRs and responses to interview questions were used for measurement. Results: Barriers present at more than one site were (1) workload during patient visits (8 of 8 sites), (2) time to document when a CR was not clinically relevant (8 of 8 sites), (3) inapplicability of the CR due to context-specific reasons (9 of 26 patients), (4) limited training on how to use the CR software for rotating staff (5 of 8 sites) and permanent staff (3 of 8 sites), (5) perceived reduction of quality of provider–patient interaction (3 of 23 permanent staff), and (6) the decision to use paper forms to enable review of resident physician orders prior to order entry (2 of 8 sites). Conclusion: Six human factors barriers to the use of HIV CRs were identified. Reducing these barriers has the potential to increase use of the CRs and thereby improve the quality of HIV care. PMID:14527974

Patterson, Emily S.; Nguyen, Anh D.; Halloran, James P.; Asch, Steven M.

2004-01-01

195

Factors influencing clinical outcomes of Histoacryl® glue injection-treated gastric variceal hemorrhage  

PubMed Central

AIM: To determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes and complications of Histoacryl® glue injection for acute gastric variceal hemorrhage. METHODS: Patients who presented to the Siriraj Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Center with active gastric variceal bleeding and were admitted for treatment between April 2008 and October 2011 were selected retrospectively for study inclusion. All bleeding varices were treated by injection of Histoacryl® tissue glue (B. Braun Melsungen AG, Germany) through a 21G or 23G catheter primed with lipiodol to prevent premature glue solidification. Data recorded for each patient included demographic and clinical characteristics, endoscopic findings, clinical outcomes in terms of early and late re-bleeding, mortality, and procedure-related complications. Data from admission (baseline) and post-treatment were comparatively analyzed using stepwise logistic regression analysis to determine the correlation between factors and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 90 patients underwent Histoacryl® injection to treat bleeding gastric varices. The mean age was 55.9 ± 13.9 (range: 15-88) years old, and 74.4% of the patients were male. The most common presentations were hematemesis (71.1%), melena (12.2%), and coffee ground emesis (8.9%). Initial hemostasis was experienced in 97.8% of patients, while re-bleeding within 120 h occurred in 10.0%. The presence of ascites was the only factor associated with early and late re-bleeding [odds ratio (OR) = 10.67, 95%CI: 1.27-89.52, P = 0.03 and OR = 4.15, 95%CI: 1.34-12.86, P = 0.01, respectively]. Early procedure-related complications developed in 14.4% of patients, and were primarily infections and non-fatal systemic embolization. Late re-bleeding was significantly correlated with early procedure-related complications by univariate analysis (OR = 4.01, 95%CI: 1.25-12.87, P = 0.04), but no factors were significantly correlated by multivariate analysis. The overall mortality rate was 21.1%, the majority of which were related to infections. The factors showing strong association with higher mortality risk were elevated total bilirubin (OR = 16.71, 95%CI: 3.28-85.09, P < 0.01), a large amount of transfused fresh frozen plasma (OR = 1.001, 95%CI: 1.000-1.002, P = 0.03), and late re-bleeding (OR = 10.99, 95%CI: 2.15-56.35, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Histoacryl® injection is a safe and effective hemostatic method for treating gastric variceal hemorrhage. Patients with compromised liver, including ascites, have a higher risk of re-bleeding. PMID:23613633

Prachayakul, Varayu; Aswakul, Pitulak; Chantarojanasiri, Tanyaporn; Leelakusolvong, Somchai

2013-01-01

196

Clinical Features and Risk Factors for Atazanavir (ATV)-Associated Urolithiasis: A Case-Control Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Clinical features and risk factors for atazanavir (ATV)-associated urolithiasis have not been fully investigated. Methods We reviewed all cases of ATV-containing urolithiasis identified by infrared spectrophotometry among HIV-infected patients over a 5-year period to describe their clinical features and outcome. A case-control study was performed to identify risk factors associated with ATV-associated urolithiasis using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results 30 cases of ATV-associated urolithiasis were analyzed. Patients were mostly men (87%), median age: 45.5 years, median CD4 cell count: 443 cells/µL and 97% had plasma HIV RNA level <50 cp/mL. Median time between the initiation of ATV-containing regimen and the diagnosis of urolithiasis was 3.1 years. Patients presented with flank pain in 90% and macroscopic hematuria in 82.6%, 34% had renal dysfunction and 44.8% needed ureteroscopic treatment. In univariate analysis, chronic hepatitis C, a history of urolithiasis, prior use of indinavir, ATV duration, undetectable plasma HIV RNA, use of ritonavir as a booster and serum free bilirubin level were associated with ATV-urolithiasis. Multivariate models retained serum free bilirubin level (OR: 2.31, p<0.02) and either ATV duration (OR: ?=?1.42, p?=?<0.03) or a history of urolithiasis (OR?=?4.79, p<0.02) when adjusting on serum free bilirubin level as risk factors associated with urolithiasis. Conclusions ATV-containing urolithiasis are associated with frank clinical symptoms and may require surgical intervention. A high serum bilirubin level, a long exposure to ATV and a history of urolithiasis are risk factors for this rare adverse event. PMID:25409506

Lafaurie, Matthieu; De Sousa, Barbara; Ponscarme, Diane; Lapidus, Nathanael; Daudon, Michel; Weiss, Laurence; Rioux, Christophe; Fourn, Erwan; Katlama, Christine; Molina, Jean-Michel

2014-01-01

197

Microvascular Coronary Artery Spasm Presents Distinctive Clinical Features With Endothelial Dysfunction as Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Angina without significant stenosis, or nonobstructive coronary artery disease, attracts clinical attention. Microvascular coronary artery spasm (microvascular CAS) can cause nonobstructive coronary artery disease. We investigated the clinical features of microvascular CAS and the therapeutic efficacy of calcium channel blockers. Methods and Results Three hundred seventy consecutive, stable patients with suspected angina presenting nonobstructive coronary arteries (<50% diameter) in coronary angiography were investigated with the intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test, with simultaneous measurements of transcardiac lactate production and of changes in the quantitative coronary blood flow. We diagnosed microvascular CAS according to lactate production and a decrease in coronary blood flow without epicardial vasospasm during the acetylcholine provocation test. We prospectively followed up the patients with calcium channel blockers for microvascular coronary artery disease. We identified 50 patients with microvascular CAS who demonstrated significant impairment of the endothelium-dependent vascular response, which was assessed by coronary blood flow during the acetylcholine provocation test. Administration of isosorbide dinitrate normalized the abnormal coronary flow pattern in the patients with microvascular CAS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that female sex, a lower body mass index, minor–borderline ischemic electrocardiogram findings at rest, limited–baseline diastolic-to-systolic velocity ratio, and attenuated adenosine triphosphate–induced coronary flow reserve were independently correlated with the presence of microvascular CAS. Receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis revealed that the aforementioned 5-variable model showed good correlation with the presence of microvascular CAS (area under the curve: 0.820). No patients with microvascular CAS treated with calcium channel blockers developed cardiovascular events over 47.8±27.5 months. Conclusions Microvascular CAS causes distinctive clinical features and endothelial dysfunction that are important to recognize as nonobstructive coronary artery disease so that optimal care with calcium channel blockers can be provided. Clinical Trial Registration URL: www.umin.ac.jp/ctr. Unique identifier: UMIN000003839. PMID:23316292

Ohba, Keisuke; Sugiyama, Seigo; Sumida, Hitoshi; Nozaki, Toshimitsu; Matsubara, Junichi; Matsuzawa, Yasushi; Konishi, Masaaki; Akiyama, Eiichi; Kurokawa, Hirofumi; Maeda, Hirofumi; Sugamura, Koichi; Nagayoshi, Yasuhiro; Morihisa, Kenji; Sakamoto, Kenji; Tsujita, Kenichi; Yamamoto, Eiichiro; Yamamuro, Megumi; Kojima, Sunao; Kaikita, Koichi; Tayama, Shinji; Hokimoto, Seiji; Matsui, Kunihiko; Sakamoto, Tomohiro; Ogawa, Hisao

2012-01-01

198

Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia: Related Risk Factors and Clinical Characteristics.  

E-print Network

??Schizophrenia is considered to be a neurodevelopmental disorder. Although the aetiology of schizophrenia remains largely unknown, it appears to result from several factors, including genetic… (more)

Torniainen, Minna

2013-01-01

199

Primary Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Hanoi, Viet Nam: Present Status and Risk Factors  

PubMed Central

Introduction Resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) to anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs presents a serious challenge to TB control worldwide. We investigated the status of drug resistance, including multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB, and possible risk factors among newly diagnosed TB patients in Hanoi, the capital of Viet Nam. Methods Clinical and epidemiological information was collected from 506 newly diagnosed patients with sputum smear- and culture-positive TB, and 489 (96.6%) MTB isolates were subjected to conventional drug susceptibility testing, spoligotyping, and 15-locus variable numbers of tandem repeats typing. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were calculated to analyze the risk factors for primary drug resistance. Results Of 489 isolates, 298 (60.9%) were sensitive to all drugs tested. Resistance to isoniazid, rifampicin, streptomycin, ethambutol, and MDR accounted for 28.2%, 4.9%, 28.2%, 2.9%, and 4.5%, respectively. Of 24 isolates with rifampicin resistance, 22 (91.7%) were MDR and also resistant to streptomycin, except one case. Factors associated with isoniazid resistance included living in old urban areas, presence of the Beijing genotype, and clustered strains [aOR = 2.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15–4.35; 1.91, 1.18–3.10; and 1.69, 1.06–2.69, respectively). The Beijing genotype was also associated with streptomycin resistance (aOR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.29–3.40). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection was associated with rifampicin resistance and MDR (aOR = 5.42, 95% CI 2.07–14.14; 6.23, 2.34–16.58, respectively). Conclusion Isoniazid and streptomycin resistance was observed in more than a quarter of TB patients without treatment history in Hanoi. Transmission of isoniazid-resistant TB among younger people should be carefully monitored in urban areas, where Beijing strains and HIV coinfection are prevalent. Choosing an optimal treatment regimen on the basis of the results of drug susceptibility tests and monitoring of treatment adherence would minimize further development of drug resistance strains. PMID:23967255

Hang, Nguyen Thi Le; Maeda, Shinji; Lien, Luu Thi; Thuong, Pham Huu; Hung, Nguyen Van; Thuy, Tran Bich; Nanri, Akiko; Mizoue, Tetsuya; Hoang, Nguyen Phuong; Cuong, Vu Cao; Ngoc, Khieu Thi Thuy; Sakurada, Shinsaku; Endo, Hiroyoshi; Keicho, Naoto

2013-01-01

200

Presentations from the SNM NCI Workshop: Use of PET CT in the Clinic and Clinical Trials: Quantitation for Change Analysis  

Cancer.gov

The session was aimed at physicians and physicists with an interest in the use of PET CT and other imaging modalities in clinical trials and clinical medicine. A basic understanding of PET imaging principles is useful as a background for viewing this material.

201

Clinical Risk Factors Associated with Anti-Epileptic Drug Responsiveness in Canine Epilepsy  

PubMed Central

The nature and occurrence of remission, and conversely, pharmacoresistance following epilepsy treatment is still not fully understood in human or veterinary medicine. As such, predicting which patients will have good or poor treatment outcomes is imprecise, impeding patient management. In the present study, we use a naturally occurring animal model of pharmacoresistant epilepsy to investigate clinical risk factors associated with treatment outcome. Dogs with idiopathic epilepsy, for which no underlying cause was identified, were treated at a canine epilepsy clinic and monitored following discharge from a small animal referral hospital. Clinical data was gained via standardised owner questionnaires and longitudinal follow up data was gained via telephone interview with the dogs’ owners. At follow up, 14% of treated dogs were in seizure-free remission. Dogs that did not achieve remission were more likely to be male, and to have previously experienced cluster seizures. Seizure frequency or the total number of seizures prior to treatment were not significant predictors of pharmacoresistance, demonstrating that seizure density, that is, the temporal pattern of seizure activity, is a more influential predictor of pharmacoresistance. These results are in line with clinical studies of human epilepsy, and experimental rodent models of epilepsy, that patients experiencing episodes of high seizure density (cluster seizures), not just a high seizure frequency pre-treatment, are at an increased risk of drug-refractoriness. These data provide further evidence that the dog could be a useful naturally occurring epilepsy model in the study of pharmacoresistant epilepsy. PMID:25153799

Packer, Rowena M. A.; Shihab, Nadia K.; Torres, Bruno B. J.; Volk, Holger A.

2014-01-01

202

Comment: Suicidal Behavior--Clinical Considerations and Risk Factors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that family disruption associated with parental mental disorder and suicide attempts may be contributory factor in suicide attempts. Reviews research comparing parental divorce and parental death to highlight potential factors associated with intergenerational transmission of suicidal behavior across developmental levels. Outlines…

Wilson, Gregory L.

1991-01-01

203

Congenital Aniridia: Long-term Clinical Course, Visual Outcome, and Prognostic Factors  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe the clinical course of congenital aniridia and to evaluate prognostic factors for visual outcome after long-term follow-up. Methods The medical records of 120 eyes from 60 patients with congenital aniridia were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence and clinical course of ophthalmic characteristics, systemic disease, refractive errors, and visual acuity were assessed. Prognostic factors for final visual outcomes were analyzed. Results Aniridic keratopathy developed in 82 (69%) of 119 eyes. Macular hypoplasia was observed in 70 eyes of 35 patients (91%). Cataract was observed in 63 of 120 eyes (53%). Nystagmus was present in 41 patients (68% of 60 patients) at the initial visit but decreased in five patients (8% of 60 patients). Ocular hypertension was detected in 19 eyes (20% of 93 eyes), six (32% of 19 eyes) of which developed secondarily after cataract surgery. The mean changes in spherical equivalent and astigmatism during the follow-up period were -1.10 and 1.53 diopter, respectively. The mean final visual acuity was 1.028 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution. Nystagmus and ocular hypertension were identified as prognostic factors for poor visual outcome. Conclusions Identification of nystagmus and ocular hypertension was important to predict final visual outcome. Based on the high rate of secondary ocular hypertension after cataract surgery, careful management is needed. PMID:25435751

Chang, Ji Woong; Kim, Jeong Hun; Kim, Seong-Joon

2014-01-01

204

Different clinical presentation of the hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome (HIDS) (four cases from Turkey).  

PubMed

Hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome (HIDS) is one of the autoinflammatory syndromes which are characterized by febrile attacks. Duration and frequency of the febrile attacks, as well as typical organ involvements vary greatly. Recently, it is possible to reach more reliable data by the possibilities that are opened up by molecular genetics in order to highlight the aetiopathogenesis of this group of diseases. Typical patients with HIDS have an onset of disease in the first year of life. Here, we report four Turkish HIDS cases; three of whom, the symptoms started at a later age. The diagnoses were made by relevant clinical symptoms along with MVK mutations detected by DNA sequencing method. As summarised in this article, HIDS could be presented with a broad spectrum of symptoms. Although most of the HIDS patients are reported from Europe and especially Dutch ancestry, case reports are presented from all over the world. For this reason, HIDS should be kept in mind for the differential diagnosis of periodic fever syndromes or before accepting an FMF patient as colchichine resistant. We suppose that the phenomenon of "later-onset HIDS" should shed light into unresolved clinical problems of patients with periodic fever. Especially in countries that FMF is more frequent such as Turkey, even though the symptoms start later than classic cases, HIDS should be kept in mind for differential diagnosis of periodic fever syndromes. PMID:22246419

Tas, D?dem Arslan; D?nkc?, Suzan; Erken, Eren

2012-05-01

205

Prospective study of POLG mutations presenting in children with intractable epilepsy: Prevalence and clinical features  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess the frequency and clinical features of childhood-onset intractable epilepsy caused by the most common mutations in the POLG gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma. Methods Children presenting with nonsyndromic intractable epilepsy of unknown etiology but without documented liver dysfunction at presentation were eligible for this prospective, population-based study. Blood samples were analyzed for the three most common POLG mutations. If any of the three tested mutations were found, all the exons and the exon–intron boundaries of the POLG gene were sequenced. In addition, we retrospectively reviewed the notes of patients presenting with intractable epilepsy in which we had found POLG mutations. All available clinical data were collected by questionnaire and by reviewing the medical records. Key Findings We analyzed 213 blood DNA samples from patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria of the prospective study. Among these, five patients (2.3%) were found with one of the three common POLG mutations as homozygous or compound heterozygous states. In addition, three patients were retrospectively identified. Seven of the eight patients had either raised cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate (n = 3) or brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes (n = 4) at presentation with intractable epilepsy. Three patients later developed liver dysfunction, progressing to fatal liver failure in two without previous treatment with sodium valproate (VPA). Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that one patient presented first with an autism spectrum disorder before seizures emerged. Significance Mutations in POLG are an important cause of early and juvenile onset nonsyndromic intractable epilepsy with highly variable associated manifestations including autistic features. This study emphasizes that genetic testing for POLG mutations in patients with nonsyndromic intractable epilepsies is very important for clinical diagnostics, genetic counseling, and treatment decisions because of the increased risk for VPA-induced liver failure in patients with POLG mutations. We recommend POLG gene testing for patients with intractable seizures and at least one elevated CSF lactate or suggestive brain MRI changes (predominantly abnormal T2-weighted thalamic signal) with or without status epilepticus, epilepsia partialis continua, or liver manifestations typical for Alpers disease, especially when the disease course is progressive. PMID:23448099

Uusimaa, Johanna; Gowda, Vasantha; McShane, Anthony; Smith, Conrad; Evans, Julie; Shrier, Annie; Narasimhan, Manisha; O'Rourke, Anthony; Rajabally, Yusuf; Hedderly, Tammy; Cowan, Frances; Fratter, Carl; Poulton, Joanna

2013-01-01

206

Risk factors for HIV infection in people attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases in India.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To investigate the risk factors for HIV infection in patients attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases in India. DESIGN--Descriptive study of HIV serology, risk behaviour, and findings on physical examination. SUBJECTS--2800 patients presenting to outpatient clinics between 13 May 1993 and 15 July 1994. SETTING--Two clinics and the National AIDS Research Institute, in Pune, Maharashtra State, India. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--HIV status, presence of sexually transmitted diseases, and sexual behaviour. RESULTS--The overall proportion of patients infected with HIV was 23.4% (655/2800); 34% (184) of the women and 21% (459) of the men were positive for HIV infection. Of the 560 women screened, 338 (60%) had a reported history of sex working, of whom 153 (45%) were infected with HIV-1. The prevalence of HIV-1 infection in the 222 women who were not sex workers was 14%. The significant independent characteristics associated with HIV infection based on a logistic regression analysis included being a female sex worker, sexual contact with a sex worker, lack of formal education, receptive anal sex in the previous three months, lack of condom use in the previous three months, current or previous genital ulcer or genital discharge, and a positive result of a Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test. CONCLUSIONS--In India the prevalence of HIV infection is alarmingly high among female sex workers and men attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases, particularly in those who had recently had contact with sex workers. A high prevalence of HIV infection was also found in monogamous, married women presenting to the clinics who denied any history of sex working. The HIV epidemic in India is primarily due to heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 and, as in other countries, HIV infection is associated with ulcerative and non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases. PMID:7633230

Rodrigues, J. J.; Mehendale, S. M.; Shepherd, M. E.; Divekar, A. D.; Gangakhedkar, R. R.; Quinn, T. C.; Paranjape, R. S.; Risbud, A. R.; Brookmeyer, R. S.; Gadkari, D. A.

1995-01-01

207

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the scalp: A rare differential with a dramatic clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) a pleomorphic sarcoma of uncertain origin was first described by O'Brien and Stout in 1964. It is the most common primary soft tissue sarcoma of late adult life; its occurrence is rare in the pediatric population. MFHs are commonly known to arise in the extremities and the trunk although it can occur almost anywhere in the body. MFH of the scalp is extremely rare; moreover, there is paucity of literature with regards to prevalence of scalp and skull neoplasms. We present an unusual case of a primary MFH involving the scalp of a 5-year-old child and discuss its unusual clinical presentation, histology with immunohistochemistry correlation and its management. Reviewing the literature of primary MFH of the scalp, our patient to the best of our knowledge, is probably the youngest case reported so far. PMID:25336806

Krishnamurthy, Arvind

2014-10-01

208

Pyogenic hepatic abscess presenting years after a choledochojejunostomy: a rare clinical occurrence.  

PubMed

A 69-year-old Caucasian man presented with fever, chills/rigors and night sweats since 6?days. Blood cultures (4/4) initially reported Gram negative lactose-fermenting rods. Physical examination was fairly benign which included a normal abdominal examination. Laboratory tests were significant for an elevated white cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C reactive protein . Empirically, he was treated with piperacillin tazobactam. A chart review showed that he had undergone a choledochojejunostomy for a pancreatic head tumour 7?years before. We found a few reported cases of hepatic abscesses after choledochojejunostomy presenting years after the procedure. An abdominal CT scan confirmed our suspicion. Percutaneous drainage was performed and his antibiotics were switched to ciprofloxacin and metronidazole, based on the sensitivity report. The patient's clinical condition steadily improved. PMID:24913077

Yu, Megan; Mangaonkar, Abhishek; Lovelace, Candace; Ibe, Michael

2014-01-01

209

Infections caused by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: risk factors, clinical features and prognosis.  

PubMed

Infections caused by carbapenem-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) can present as several infectious syndromes, but they primarily present as respiratory, urinary and blood stream infections (primary or catheter-related) that are usually found as nosocomial or healthcare-associated infections. The risk of CPE infection is influenced by individual factors, such as the length of the hospital stay and their exposure to invasive procedures and/or to antimicrobials. Of note, exposure to several antimicrobials, not only carbapenems, has been linked to CPE colonization; the duration of antibiotic exposure is one of the primary drivers of CPE acquisition. Individual risk factors must be considered jointly with the local epidemiology of these microorganisms in healthcare institutions. Overall, these infections have a high associated mortality. Mortality is influenced by host factors (e.g., age, comorbidity and immune deficiency), infection-related variables (e.g., type and severity of the infection) and treatment-related factors such as the delay in the initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy and the use or monotherapy or combined antimicrobial therapy. Gaining knowledge concerning the epidemiology, clinical features and prognostic features of CPE infection could be useful for improving infection prevention and for the management of patients with infections caused by these microorganisms. PMID:25542051

Paño Pardo, José Ramón; Serrano Villar, Sergio; Ramos Ramos, Juan Carlos; Pintado, Vicente

2014-12-01

210

Community awareness about risk factors, presentation and prevention and obstetric fistula in Nabitovu village, Iganga district, Uganda  

PubMed Central

Background Obstetric fistula is a worldwide problem that is devastating for women in developing countries. The cardinal cause of obstetric fistula is prolonged obstructed labour and delay in seeking emergency obstetric care. Awareness about obstetric fistula is still low in developing countries. The objective was to assess the awareness about risk factors of obstetric fistulae in rural communities of Nabitovu village, Iganga district, Eastern Uganda. Methods A qualitative study using focus group discussion for males and females aged 18-49 years, to explore and gain deeper understanding of their awareness of existence, causes, clinical presentation and preventive measures for obstetric fistula. Data was analyzed by thematic analysis. Results The majority of the women and a few men were aware about obstetric fistula, though many had misconceptions regarding its causes, clinical presentation and prevention. Some wrongly attributed fistula to misuse of family planning, having sex during the menstruation period, curses by relatives, sexually transmitted infections, rape and gender-based violence. However, others attributed the fistula to delays to access medical care, induced abortions, conception at an early age, utilization of traditional birth attendants at delivery, and some complications that could occur during surgical operations for difficult deliveries. Conclusion Most of the community members interviewed were aware of the risk factors of obstetric fistula. Some respondents, predominantly men, had misconceptions/myths about risk factors of obstetric fistula as being caused by having sex during menstrual periods, poor usage of family planning, being a curse. PMID:24321441

2013-01-01

211

Clinical preference for factors in treatment of geriatric depression.  

PubMed

Little is known about symptom preferences of clinical psychiatrists in the treatment of geriatric depression and preferences for avoiding adverse drug effects. Participants (board-certified psychiatrists) were recruited prior to a lecture on geriatric depression during a continuing education program. An analytic hierarchy process was performed and participants were asked for pairwise comparison of criteria guiding them in appraising therapeutic efficacy, and in avoiding toxicity and adverse events. Of the 61 participants from the continuing education program, 42 (69%) returned their data sheet. Avoidance of cardiotoxicity was regarded as more important than avoidance of hepatotoxicity or hematotoxicity. Concerning adverse events, highest preference was given to avoidance of falls and drug interactions, followed by avoidance of sedation, weight change, and impairment of sexual function. The most important preferences for appraisal of therapeutic efficacy were suicidality over ability to concentrate and sleep. Clinical psychiatrists have a hierarchy of preferences for treatment goals and avoidance of adverse events and toxicity. This raises the question for future research whether these preferences cause differences in prescription patterns in clinical practice even though a multitude of antidepressants are similarly effective when judged with instruments used in clinical trials. PMID:25565848

Riepe, Matthias W

2015-01-01

212

Clinical preference for factors in treatment of geriatric depression  

PubMed Central

Little is known about symptom preferences of clinical psychiatrists in the treatment of geriatric depression and preferences for avoiding adverse drug effects. Participants (board-certified psychiatrists) were recruited prior to a lecture on geriatric depression during a continuing education program. An analytic hierarchy process was performed and participants were asked for pairwise comparison of criteria guiding them in appraising therapeutic efficacy, and in avoiding toxicity and adverse events. Of the 61 participants from the continuing education program, 42 (69%) returned their data sheet. Avoidance of cardiotoxicity was regarded as more important than avoidance of hepatotoxicity or hematotoxicity. Concerning adverse events, highest preference was given to avoidance of falls and drug interactions, followed by avoidance of sedation, weight change, and impairment of sexual function. The most important preferences for appraisal of therapeutic efficacy were suicidality over ability to concentrate and sleep. Clinical psychiatrists have a hierarchy of preferences for treatment goals and avoidance of adverse events and toxicity. This raises the question for future research whether these preferences cause differences in prescription patterns in clinical practice even though a multitude of antidepressants are similarly effective when judged with instruments used in clinical trials.

Riepe, Matthias W

2015-01-01

213

Low somatic cell count : a risk factor for subsequent clinical mastitis in a dairy herd  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case-control study was conducted to evaluate factors measured at the udder inflammation-free state as risk factors for subsequent clinical mastitis. The factors including somatic cell count (SCC), body condition score, milk yield, percentages of milk fat and milk protein, and diseases were evaluated for their association with the results of udder inflammatory response. The results of the response were

W. Suriyasathaporn; Y.H. Schukken; M. Nielen; A. Brand

2000-01-01

214

Clinical Presentation, Management, and Outcome of Patients with Incidental Renal Angiomyolipoma in Qatar  

PubMed Central

Objectives Our study aimed to analyze the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of renal angiomyolipoma patients incidentally detected upon computed tomography (CT) examination. Methods Between 2004 and 2008, all patients who underwent abdominal CT examination for any reason at the radiology department at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma was based on abdominal CT evaluation. Angiomyolipoma patients were followed-up by CT evaluation as per standard care for three years to observe any change in size and outcome. Results A total of 13,115 patients were screened, of which 56 (40 females and 16 males) had renal angiomyolipoma. The mean age of patients was 52±13 years with 46% Qatar nationals. The majority (95%) of cases had unilateral tumors (52% right-sided and 43% left-sided). Twenty-six cases showed increase in tumor size and the median increase was 0.5cm (0.1–3.6). Surgical intervention was required in four (7%) cases with tumor size ?4cm. The overall mortality on follow-up was 7%. The cause of death included metastasis, renal failure, hepatic failure and mesenteric thromboembolism. Conclusion Renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor with an overall prevalence of 0.4% in Qatar. It has characteristic clinical features and its recognition is often challenging for proper clinical diagnosis and treatment in asymptomatic patients. Asymptomatic patients need regular radiological surveillance. In contrast, surgical interventions are mainly required in symptomatic patients with increased tumor size (?4cm). Timely diagnosis and treatment is necessary to avoid complications such retroperitoneal hemorrhage and renal impairment.

Al-Thani, Hassan; El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Sulaiti, Maryam; El-Mabrok, Jamela; Hajaji, Khairi; Elgohary, Hesham; Al-Malki, Ahmed; Tabeb, Abdelhakem

2014-01-01

215

Early- versus late-onset systemic sclerosis: differences in clinical presentation and outcome in 1037 patients.  

PubMed

Peak age at onset of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is between 20 and 50 years, although SSc is also described in both young and elderly patients. We conducted the present study to determine if age at disease onset modulates the clinical characteristics and outcome of SSc patients. The Spanish Scleroderma Study Group recruited 1037 patients with a mean follow-up of 5.2 ± 6.8 years. Based on the mean ± 1 standard deviation (SD) of age at disease onset (45 ± 15 yr) of the whole series, patients were classified into 3 groups: age ? 30 years (early onset), age between 31 and 59 years (standard onset), and age ? 60 years (late onset). We compared initial and cumulative manifestations, immunologic features, and death rates. The early-onset group included 195 patients; standard-onset group, 651; and late-onset, 191 patients. The early-onset group had a higher prevalence of esophageal involvement (72% in early-onset compared with 67% in standard-onset and 56% in late-onset; p = 0.004), and myositis (11%, 7.2%, and 2.9%, respectively; p = 0.009), but a lower prevalence of centromere antibodies (33%, 46%, and 47%, respectively; p = 0.007). In contrast, late-onset SSc was characterized by a lower prevalence of digital ulcers (54%, 41%, and 34%, respectively; p < 0.001) but higher rates of heart conduction system abnormalities (9%, 13%, and 21%, respectively; p = 0.004). Pulmonary hypertension was found in 25% of elderly patients and in 12% of the youngest patients (p = 0.010). After correction for the population effects of age and sex, standardized mortality ratio was shown to be higher in younger patients. The results of the present study confirm that age at disease onset is associated with differences in clinical presentation and outcome in SSc patients. PMID:24646463

Alba, Marco A; Velasco, César; Simeón, Carmen Pilar; Fonollosa, Vicent; Trapiella, Luis; Egurbide, María Victoria; Sáez, Luis; Castillo, María Jesús; Callejas, José Luis; Camps, María Teresa; Tolosa, Carles; Ríos, Juan José; Freire, Mayka; Vargas, José Antonio; Espinosa, Gerard

2014-03-01

216

Leishmania-HIV Co-infection: Clinical Presentation and Outcomes in an Urban Area in Brazil  

PubMed Central

Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging condition affecting HIV-infected patients living in Latin America, particularly in Brazil. Leishmania-HIV coinfection represents a challenging diagnosis because the clinical picture of VL is similar to that of other disseminated opportunistic diseases. Additionally, coinfection is related to treatment failure, relapse and high mortality. Objective To assess the clinical-laboratory profile and outcomes of VL-HIV-coinfected patients using a group of non HIV-infected patients diagnosed with VL during the same period as a comparator. Methods The study was conducted at a reference center for infectious diseases in Brazil. All patients with suspected VL were evaluated in an ongoing cohort study. Confirmed cases were divided into two groups: with and without HIV coinfection. Patients were treated according to the current guidelines of the Ministry of Health of Brazil, which considers antimony as the first-choice therapy for non HIV-infected patients and recommends amphotericin B for HIV-infected patients. After treatment, all patients with CD4 counts below 350 cells/mm3 received secondary prophylaxis with amphotericin B. Results Between 2011 and 2013, 168 patients with suspected VL were evaluated, of whom 90 were confirmed to have VL. In total, 51% were HIV coinfected patients (46 patients). HIV-infected patients had a lower rate of fever and splenomegaly compared with immunocompetent patients. The VL relapse rate in 6 months was 37% among HIV-infected patients, despite receiving secondary prophylaxis. The overall case-fatality rate was 6.6% (4 deaths in the HIV-infected group versus 2 deaths in the non HIV-infected group). The main risk factors for a poor outcome at 6 months after the end of treatment were HIV infection, bleeding and a previous VL episode. Conclusion Although VL mortality rates among HIV-infected individuals are close to those observed among immunocompetent patients treated with amphotericin B, HIV coinfection is related to a low clinical response and high relapse rates within 6 months. PMID:24743472

Cota, Gláucia F.; de Sousa, Marcos R.; de Mendonça, Andrea Laender Pessoa; Patrocinio, Allan; Assunção, Luiza Siqueira; de Faria, Sidnei Rodrigues; Rabello, Ana

2014-01-01

217

Renal sarcoidosis: clinical, laboratory, and histologic presentation and outcome in 47 patients.  

PubMed

We conducted the current study to investigate the clinical, laboratory, and histologic features at presentation and the outcome of renal sarcoidosis (RS). Exhaustive retrospective data were collected by the French Sarcoidosis Group. Forty-seven adult patients were assessed (30 male/17 female, M/F ratio: 1.76). Median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 20.5 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) (range, 4-93 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)). Moderate proteinuria was found in 31 (66%) patients (median, 0.7 g/24 h; range, 0-2.7 g/24 h), microscopic hematuria in 11 (21.7%) patients, aseptic leukocyturia in 13 (28.7%) patients. Fifteen of 47 (32%) patients had hypercalcemia (>2.75 mmol/L). Eleven of the 22 (50%) patients diagnosed between June and September had hypercalcemia compared with only 4 of the 25 (16%) cases diagnosed during the other months (p < 0.001). Thirty-seven patients presented with noncaseating granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN), and 10 with interstitial nephritis without granulomas. Apart from hypercalcemia, the clinical phenotype was also remarkable for the high frequency of fever at presentation. All patients initially received prednisone (median duration, 18 mo), 10 received intravenous pulse methylprednisolone. eGFR increased from 20 +/- 19 to 44 +/- 24.7 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) at 1 month (p < 0.001, n = 38), to 47 +/- 19.9 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) at 1 year (p < 0.001, n = 46), to 49.13 +/- 25 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) at last follow-up (p < 0.001, n = 47). A complete response to therapy at 1 year and at last follow-up was strongly correlated with complete response at 1 month (p < 0.01). Renal function improvement was inversely related to initial histologic fibrosis score. A complete response to therapy at 1 year was strongly correlated with hypercalcemia at presentation (p = 0.003). Relapses were purely renal (n = 3) and purely extrarenal (n = 10) or both (n = 4), often a long time after presentation, with in some cases severe cardiac or central nervous system involvement. We conclude that hypercalcemia and fever at presentation are often associated with RS; RS is most often and permanently responsive to corticosteroid treatment, but some degree of persistent renal failure is highly frequent and its degree of severity in the long run is well predicted from both histologic fibrotic renal score and response obtained at 1 month. PMID:19282700

Mahévas, Matthieu; Lescure, Francois Xavier; Boffa, Jean-Jacques; Delastour, Victoire; Belenfant, Xavier; Chapelon, Catherine; Cordonnier, Carole; Makdassi, Raifat; Piette, Jean-Charles; Naccache, Jean-Marc; Cadranel, Jacques; Duhaut, Pierre; Choukroun, Gabriel; Ducroix, Jean Pierre; Valeyre, Dominique

2009-03-01

218

Clinical presentations for influenza and influenza-like illness in young, immunized soldiers.  

PubMed

Concern about respiratory diseases in soldiers increased in the late 1990s as production of the successful adenovirus vaccines stopped and the possibilities of an emergent pandemic influenza strain and use of bioweapons by terrorists were seriously considered. Current information on the causes and severity of influenza-like illness (ILI) was lacking. Viral agents and clinical presentations were described in a population of soldiers highly immunized for influenza. Using standard virus isolation techniques, 10 agents were identified in 164 (48.2%) of 340 soldiers hospitalized for ILI. Influenza isolates (29) and adenoviruses (98) occurred most frequently. Most influenza cases were caused by influenza A and probably resulted from a mismatch between circulating and vaccine viruses. Most (58.5%) patients with an adenovirus had a chest radiograph; 31.3% of these had an infiltrate. Clinical findings did not differentiate ILI caused by the various agents. Only 29 cases of influenza occurred in approximately 7,200 person-years of observation, supporting the use of influenza vaccine. PMID:15724862

McNeill, K Mills; Vaughn, Beverly L; Brundage, Mary B; Li, Yuanzhang; Poropatich, Ron K; Gaydos, Joel C

2005-01-01

219

Clinical Engineering Incorporating Human Factors Engineering into Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The methodology adopted is based on a structure developed to provide quality in the healthcare technological process. It is\\u000a supported by three actors of the health care scenario: infrastructure, healthcare technology (HT) and human resource (HR).\\u000a Clinical Engineering actions, through Healthcare Technologies Management (HTM) in macro and micro level, are improving the\\u000a quality of the healthcare services and consequently the

M. R. Signori; R. Garcia

220

Psychophysical factors that have been applied to clinical perimetry.  

PubMed

Perimetry is the most common clinical diagnostic test procedure for evaluating the status of peripheral visual function in the management of ocular and neurologic diseases. This procedure has an extended history, and its design, implementation and interpretation is dependent on many principles that have been developed through visual psychophysical studies of target size, target duration, background adaptation level, chromatic characteristics and other stimulus properties (see Greve, 1973; Johnson, 1994, chap. 17, 1996, 2008, 2010, chap. 23; Johnson & Keltner, 1998, chap. 7; Johnson & Sample, 2002, chap. 22; Johnson & Wall, 2011, chap. 35; Wall & Johnson, 2005, chap. 2 for reviews). This paper will provide a general overview of the history of perimetry, selection of stimulus parameters, development of test strategies, clinical testing conditions, new procedures and approaches to perimetry, experimental design, analysis and interpretation methods, hypothesis testing, prediction and forecasting procedures, and other related topics. It is somewhat paradoxical that although there have been major advances in all of these areas that have significantly enhanced the utility and value of this clinical diagnostic test, the fundamental methodology has remained mostly unchanged for thousands of years. It is hoped that this overview will be of assistance to investigators and clinicians who wish to use or modify this diagnostic procedure for their ongoing career activities. PMID:23872241

Johnson, Chris A

2013-09-20

221

Clinical factors and self-perceived oral health.  

PubMed

Self-perceived oral health is affected not only by awareness of the clinical status but also by comparisons with people of a similar age. This study explored the relative contributions of clinical variables assessing caries, periodontal status, and prosthetic status to self-perceived oral health within two age groups. Data of 891 adults (35-44 yr of age) and 760 older people (65-74 yr of age) from the Fourth German Oral Health Study (DMS IV, 2005) were evaluated. Self-perceived oral health was obtained from questionnaires. Numbers of decayed, filled, and unreplaced teeth, mean attachment loss, bleeding on probing (BOP), the presence of a fixed denture, and the presence of a removable denture were assessed. Multinomial logistic regression models were developed for both age groups, separately, using stepwise methods. For adults, unreplaced teeth, filled teeth, decayed teeth, the presence of a removable denture, and mean attachment loss were added to the final model. For older people, the presence of a removable denture, unreplaced teeth, decayed teeth, mean attachment loss, filled teeth, and BOP were included in the final model. Awareness of the relative contributions of clinical variables to self-perceived oral health is important for obtaining a clearer understanding of patients' subjective and objective self-perceptions of oral health. PMID:24495162

Schützhold, Svenja; Holtfreter, Birte; Schiffner, Ulrich; Hoffmann, Thomas; Kocher, Thomas; Micheelis, Wolfgang

2014-04-01

222

High prevalence of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) as presentation of cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency in childhood: molecular and clinical findings of Turkish probands.  

PubMed

Classical homocystinuria is the most commonly inherited disorder of sulfur metabolism, caused by the genetic alterations in human cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) gene. In this study, we present comprehensive clinical findings and the genetic basis of homocystinuria in a cohort of Turkish patients. Excluding some CBS mutations, detailed genotype-phenotype correlation for different CBS mutations has not been established in literature. We aimed to make clinical subgroups according to main clinical symptoms and discussed these data together with mutational analysis results from our patients. Totally, 16 different mutations were identified; twelve of which had already been reported, and four are novel (p.N93Y, p.L251P, p.D281V and c.829-2A>T). The probands were classified into three major groups according to the clinical symptoms caused by these mutations. A psychomotor delay was the most common diagnostic symptom (n=12, 46.2% neurological presentation), followed by thromboembolic events (n=6, 23.1% vascular presentation) and lens ectopia, myopia or marfanoid features (n=5, 19.2% connective tissue presentation). Pyridoxine responsiveness was 7.7%; however, with partial responsive probands, the ratio was 53.9%. In addition, five thrombophilic nucleotide changes including MTHFR c.677 C>T and c.1298 A>C, Factor V c.1691 G>A, Factor II c.20210 G>A, and SERPINE1 4G/5G were investigated to assess their contributions to the clinical spectrum. We suggest that the effect of these polymorphisms on clinical phenotype of CBS is not very clear since the distribution of thrombophilic polymorphisms does not differ among specific groups. This study provides molecular findings of 26 Turkish probands with homocystinuria and discusses the clinical presentations and putative effects of the CBS mutations. PMID:24211323

Karaca, Mehmet; Hismi, Burcu; Ozgul, Riza Koksal; Karaca, Sefayet; Yilmaz, Didem Yucel; Coskun, Turgay; Sivri, Hatice Serap; Tokatli, Aysegul; Dursun, Ali

2014-01-25

223

Aligning new interventions with developing country health systems: Target product profiles, presentation, and clinical trial design  

PubMed Central

Many new interventions are being created to address health problems of the developing world. However, many developing countries have fragile health systems and find it difficult to accommodate change. Consequently, it is essential that new interventions are well aligned with health systems and their users. Establishing target product profiles (TPPs) is a critical, early step towards tailoring interventions to suit both of these constituencies. Specific analyses can help identify and establish relevant TPP criteria such as optimal formulation, presentation and packaging. Clinical trials for a new intervention should be designed to address both TPP-specific questions and anticipated use of the intervention in target countries. Examples are provided from research on malaria vaccines that are also applicable to other new public health interventions. PMID:22783872

Brooks, Alan; Nunes, Julia K.; Garnett, Andrew; Biellik, Robin; Leboulleux, Didier; Birkett, Ashley J.; Loucq, Christian

2012-01-01

224

Sex differences in stroke: epidemiology, clinical presentation, medical care, and outcomes  

PubMed Central

Stroke has a greater effect on women than men because women have more events and are less likely to recover. Age-specific stroke rates are higher in men, but, because of their longer life expectancy and much higher incidence at older ages, women have more stroke events than men. With the exception of subarachnoid haemorrhage, there is little evidence of sex differences in stroke subtype or severity. Although several reports found that women are less likely to receive some in-hospital interventions, most differences disappear after age and comorbidities are accounted for. However, sex disparities persist in the use of thrombolytic treatment (with alteplase) and lipid testing. Functional outcomes and quality of life after stroke are consistently poorer in women, despite adjustment for baseline differences in age, prestroke function, and comorbidities. Here, we comprehensively review the epidemiology, clinical presentation, medical care, and outcomes of stroke in women. PMID:18722812

Reeves, Mathew J; Bushnell, Cheryl D; Howard, George; Gargano, Julia Warner; Duncan, Pamela W; Lynch, Gwen; Khatiwoda, Arya; Lisabeth, Lynda

2009-01-01

225

Clinical Presentation of Mycoplasma genitalium Infection versus Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection among Women with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) often present with a spectrum of symptoms. The characteristics of nongonococcal, nonchlamydial PID have not been well described. Our objective was to examine the characteristics of Mycoplasma genitalium infection among women with clinically suspected PID. Methods We evaluated 722 women who were enrolled in the PID Evaluation and Clinical Health study. Women with M. genitalium monoinfection were compared with women with Neisseria gonorrhoeae monoinfection or Chlamydia trachomatis monoinfection. Results Compared with women with gonococcal PID, women with M. genitalium infection were less likely to have elevated systemic inflammatory markers, including an erythrocyte sedimentation rate >15 mm/h (5 [22.7%] of 22 patients vs. 45 [60.8%] of 74 patients; P = .002), a white blood cell count >10,000 cells/mL (4 [28.6%] of 14 patients vs. 42 [64.6%] of 65 patients; P = .018), and an oral temperature ?38.3°C (0 [0.0%] of 22 patients vs. 10 [13.9%] of 72 patients; P = .085). In addition, they were less likely to present with mucopurulent cervicitis (9 [47.4%] of 19 patients vs. 60 [83.3%] of 72 patients; P = .001), elevated vaginal pH (P = .018), and high pelvic pain score (P = .014). In contrast, women with chlamydial PID had signs and symptoms that were similar to those in women with M. genitalium infection. Conclusions Because symptoms might be mild, women with M. genitalium infection might not seek PID treatment. Further studies are needed to assess the potential reproductive tract sequelae of M. genitalium infection of the upper genital tract. PMID:19025498

Short, Vanessa L.; Totten, Patricia A.; Ness, Roberta B.; Astete, Sabina G.; Kelsey, Sheryl F.; Haggerty, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

226

Angiosarcoma of Small Bowel Presenting with Obstruction: Novel Observations on a Rare Diagnostic Entity with Unique Clinical Presentation  

PubMed Central

We present a case of angiosarcoma in small bowel, presenting with partial small bowel obstruction in a 79-year-old man with no history of radiation, chemotherapy, toxin exposure, or previous operative intervention. Angiosarcoma of small bowel is a rare entity which may present with nausea, abdominal pain, recurrent bleeding, and usually a history of prior radiation or exposure to specific toxins (polyvinyl chloride). Angiosarcoma of small bowel tends to spread rapidly and has a poor prognosis. We review the surgical and oncologic challenges. We report unique macroscopic findings of raised hyperemic margins, which are suggestive of a vasogenic lesion and the histologic feature of a partially retiform pattern with dense basement membrane material in an otherwise poorly differentiated lesion. PMID:23198186

Siderits, Richard; Poblete, Frederick; Saraiya, Biren; Rimmer, Cheryl; Hazra, Anup; Aye, Le

2012-01-01

227

The clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma presenting to Botswana healthcare facilities: an observational study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aimed to establish the clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma attending eye care facilities in Botswana, and management of glaucoma among patients who received care in these facilities. The study also aimed to calculate the number of new diagnoses of glaucoma within the glaucoma service. Design A prospective, hospital-based, observational study. Setting A multicentre study was undertaken in government-run eye departments in Botswana from June to August 2012. Participants All patients with a diagnosis of glaucoma attending clinics at seven study sites were invited to participate. Outcome measures Examination findings, diagnosis and management were extracted from individual patient-held medical charts. Sociodemographic characteristics, patient knowledge and understanding of glaucoma were assessed through face-to-face interviews. In addition, details of outpatient attendances for 2011 were collected from 21 government-run hospitals. Results The majority of the 366 patients interviewed had a diagnosis of primary glaucoma (86.6%). The diagnoses were mainly made by ophthalmologists (48.6%) and ophthalmic nurses (44.0%). Many patients (38.5%) had been symptomatic for over 6?months before visiting an eye clinic. The mean presenting intraocular pressure was 28.2?mm?Hg (SD 11.9?mm?Hg). Most follow-up patients (79.2%) had not received surgery, however, many (89.5%) would accept surgery. Only 11.5% of participants had heard of glaucoma prior to diagnosis. Many participants (35.9%) did not understand glaucoma after being diagnosed. The majority (94.9%) of living first-degree relatives had never been examined. The number of newly diagnosed glaucoma cases for 2011 in the south of the country was 14.1/100?000; 95% CI (12.0 to 16.5), in the north it was 16.2/100?000; 95% CI (13.8 to 19.0). Conclusions Glaucoma is a significant burden that presents challenges to ophthalmic services in Botswana. Many patients have limited understanding of the condition and poor access to services. There is a need to develop a treatment infrastructure to include safe surgery and a reliable supply of effective medication. PMID:25472657

Jackson, Daniel J; Razai, Mohammad S; Falama, Rosemary; Mongwa, Matlhogonolo; Mutapanduwa, Mishell; Baemisi, Chao; Josiah, Engelinah; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Lehasa, Alice; Brealey, Evelyn; White, Andrew J; Jankowski, Deborah; Kerr-Muir, Malcolm G; Martin, Keith R; Ngondi, Jeremiah M

2014-01-01

228

Aqueous Humor and Serum Tumor Necrosis Factor-? in Clinical Uveitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study the local and systemic behavior of the tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) in patients with active uveitis. Methods: TNF-? levels were measured in aqueous humor and peripheral blood samples using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay from 23 patients with uveitis and 16 control patients who had been operated on for uncomplicated cataracts. Results: Aqueous humor and sera of patients

Manuel Santos Lacomba; Carmen Marcos Martín; José María Gallardo Galera; Maria Amparo Gómez Vidal; Eduardo Collantes Estévez; Rafael Ramírez Chamond; M. M. Omar

2001-01-01

229

Type 2 Diabetes in Children: Clinical Aspects and Risk Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, type 2 diabetes mellitus was considered a disease of adults and older individuals, not a paediatric condition. Over the last decade, however, in the USA and the rest of the world there has been a disturbing trend of increasing cases of type 2 diabetes in children, mirroring increasing rates of obesity. The risk factors for paediatric type

Silva Arslanian

2002-01-01

230

Giant colonic diverticulum: Clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment: Systematic review of 166 cases  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of giant colonic diverticulum (GCD, by means of a complete and updated literature review). GCD is a rare manifestation of diverticular disease of the colon. Less than 200 studies on GCD were published in the literature, predominantly case reports or small patient series. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the Embase and PubMed databases to identify all the GCD studies. The following MESH search headings were used: “giant colonic diverticulum”; “giant sigmoid diverticulum”. The “related articles” function was used to broaden the search, and all of the abstracts, studies, and citations were reviewed by two authors. The following outcomes were of interest: the disease and patient characteristics, study design, indications for surgery, type of operation, and post-operative outcomes. Additionally, a subgroup analysis of cases treated in the last 5 years was performed to show the current trends in the treatment of GCD. A GCD case in an elderly patient treated in our department by a sigmoidectomy with primary anastomosis and a diverting ileostomy is presented as a typical example of the disease. RESULTS: In total, 166 GCD cases in 138 studies were identified in the literature. The most common clinical presentation was abdominal pain, which occurred in 69% of the cases. Among the physical signs, an abdominal mass was detected in 48% of the cases, whereas 20% of the patients presented with fever and 14% with abdominal tenderness. Diagnosis is based predominantly on abdominal computed tomography. The most frequent treatment was colic resection with en-bloc resection of the diverticulum, performed in 57.2% of cases, whereas Hartmann’s procedure was followed in 11.4% of the cases and a diverticulectomy in 10.2%. An analysis of sixteen cases reported in the last 5 years showed that the majority of patients were treated with sigmoidectomy and en-bloc resection of the diverticulum; the postoperative mortality was null, morbidity was very low (1 patient was hospitalized in the intensive care unit for postoperative hypotension), and the patients were discharged 4-14 d after surgery. CONCLUSION: Giant colonic diverticulum is a rare manifestation of diverticular diseases. Surgical treatment, consisting predominantly of colonic resection with en bloc resection of the diverticulum, is the preferred option for GCD and guarantees excellent results. PMID:25574112

Nigri, Giuseppe; Petrucciani, Niccolò; Giannini, Giulia; Aurello, Paolo; Magistri, Paolo; Gasparrini, Marcello; Ramacciato, Giovanni

2015-01-01

231

Clinical factors affecting pregnancy rates among infertile couples.  

PubMed

In a follow-up study of 1297 couples registered at a Nova Scotia infertility clinic with a complaint of infertility of at least 12 months' duration, the cumulative pregnancy rate at 36 months, with 95% confidence limits, was found to be 49 +/- 4%. The predictors of pregnancy by univariate analysis were a favourable primary clinical diagnosis (p less than 0.001), a duration of infertility of less than 3 years (p less than 0.001), a single diagnosis for the infertility (p less than 0.001), a previous pregnancy in the partnership (p = 0.001) and a length of marriage of less than 4 years (p = 0.002). Proportional hazards analysis confirmed these variables as predictors of pregnancy. The highest cumulative pregnancy rates after 12 and 36 months of follow-up were observed in cases of ovulation deficiency, and the lowest were seen in cases of tubal defects. However, before the process of diagnosing infertility begins, useful prognostic information can be determined from the length of marriage, the duration of infertility and the partnership's history of previous pregnancy. PMID:6692211

Collins, J A; So, Y; Wilson, E H; Wrixon, W; Casper, R F

1984-02-01

232

The transforming growth factor-?\\/SMAD signaling pathway is present and functional in human mesangial cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transforming growth factor-?\\/SMAD signaling pathway is present and functional in human mesangial cells.BackgroundTransforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) signals through a unique set of intracellular proteins, called SMADs, that have been characterized mainly in transient overexpression systems. Because several models of glomerulosclerosis suggest a role for TGF-? in the extracellular matrix accumulation, we sought to characterize the role of SMAD proteins

Anne-Christine Poncelet; Mark P. De Caestecker; H. William Schnaper

1999-01-01

233

Psychometric Structure of a Comprehensive Objective Structured Clinical Examination: A Factor Analytic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem Statement and Background: While the psychometric properties of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) have been studied, their latent structures have not been well characterized. This study examines a factor analytic model of a comprehensive OSCE and addresses implications for measurement of clinical performance. Methods: An…

Volkan, Kevin; Simon, Steven R.; Baker, Harley; Todres, I. David

2004-01-01

234

Stimulation of hormone-responsive adenylate cyclase activity by a factor present in the cell cytosol.  

PubMed Central

1. Homogenates of whole tissues were shown to contain both intracellular and extracellular factors that affected particulate adenylate cyclase activity in vitro. Factors present in the extracellular fluids produced an inhibition of basal, hormone- and fluoride-stimulated enzyme activity but factors present in the cell cytosol increased hormone-stimulated activity with relatively little effect on basal or fluoride-stimulated enzyme activity. 2. The existence of this cytosol factor or factors was investigated using freshly isolated human platelets, freshly isolated rat hepatocytes, and cultured cells derived from rat osteogenic sarcoma, rat calvaria, mouse melanoma, pig aortic endothelium, human articular cartilage chondrocytes and human bronchial carcinoma (BEN) cells. 3. The stimulation of the hormone response by the cytosol factor ranged from 60 to 890% depending on the tissue of origin of the adenylate cyclase. 4. In each case the behaviour of the factor was similar to the action of GTP on that particular adenylate cyclase preparation. 5. No evidence of tissue or species specificity was found, as cytosols stimulated adenylate cyclase from their own and unrelated tissues to the same degree. 6. In the human platelet, the inclusion of the cytosol in the assay of adenylate cyclase increased the rate of enzyme activity in response to stimulation by prostaglandin E1 without affecting the amount of prostaglandin E1 required for half-maximal stimulation or the characteristics of enzyme activation by prostaglandin E. PMID:7396869

MacNeil, S; Crawford, A; Amirrasooli, H; Johnson, S; Pollock, A; Ollis, C; Tomlinson, S

1980-01-01

235

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor: Basic Science and Clinical Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell-specific mitogen in vitro and an angiogenic inducer in a variety of in vivo models. Hypoxia has been shown to be a major inducer of VEGF gene transcription. The tyrosine ki- nases Flt-1 (VEGFR-1) and Flk-1\\/KDR (VEGFR-2) are high- affinity VEGF receptors. The role of VEGF in developmental angiogenesis is emphasized by

NAPOLEONE FERRARA

2004-01-01

236

A Review of Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Its Presentation in Different Clinical Settings  

PubMed Central

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common psychiatric disorder characterized by preoccupations with perceived defects in physical appearance. This review aimed to explore epidemiology, clinical features, comorbidities, and treatment options for BDD in different clinical settings. Data Source and Study Selection: A search of the literature from 1970 to 2011 was performed using the MEDLINE search engine. English-language articles, with no restriction regarding the type of articles, were identified using the search terms body dysmorphic disorder, body dysmorphic disorder clinical settings, body dysmorphic disorder treatment, and body dysmorphic disorder & psychodermatology. Results: BDD occurs in 0.7% to 2.4% of community samples and 13% of psychiatric inpatients. Etiology is multifactorial, with recent findings indicating deficits in visual information processing. There is considerable overlap between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in symptom etiology and response to treatment, which has led to suggestions that BDD can be classified with anxiety disorders and OCD. A recent finding indicated genetic overlap between BDD and OCD. Over 60% of patients with BDD had a lifetime anxiety disorder, and 38% had social phobia, which tends to predate the onset of BDD. Studies reported a high level of comorbidity with depression and social phobia occurring in > 70% of patients with BDD. Individuals with BDD present frequently to dermatologists (about 9%–14% of dermatologic patients have BDD). BDD co-occurs with pathological skin picking in 26%–45% of cases. BDD currently has 2 variants: delusional and nondelusional, and both variants respond similarly to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), which may have effect on obsessive thoughts and rituals. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has the best established treatment results. Conclusions: A considerable overlap exists between BDD and other psychiatric disorders such as OCD, anxiety, and delusional disorder, and this comorbidity should be considered in evaluation, management, and long-term follow-up of the disorder. Individuals with BDD usually consult dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons rather than psychiatrists. Collaboration between different specialties (such as primary care, dermatology, cosmetic surgery, and psychiatry) is required for better treatment outcome. PMID:24392251

Mufaddel, Amir; Osman, Ossama T.; Almugaddam, Fadwa

2013-01-01

237

Turner syndrome and female sex chromosome aberrations: deduction of the principal factors involved in the development of clinical features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although clinical features in Turner syndrome have been well defined, underlying genetic factors have not been clarified. To deduce the factors leading to the development of clinical features, we took the following four steps: (1) assessment of clinical features in classic 45,X Turner syndrome; (2) review of clinical features in various female sex chromosome aberrations (karyotype-phenotype correlations); (3) assessment of

Tsutomu Ogata; Nobutake Matsuo

1995-01-01

238

Clinical presentation and imaging characteristics of occult lung cancer associated ischemic stroke.  

PubMed

We investigated the clinical and imaging characteristics of initial and recurrent strokes in patients with occult lung cancer associated ischemic stroke (OLCA-stroke). A retrospective review of all ischemic stroke patients with occult lung cancer in the absence of conventional stroke etiologies between 2005 and 2013 was conducted. We compared the initial and recurrent lesion patterns on diffusion-weighted MRI in patients with OLCA-stroke, with respect to vascular territory involved, number and size of lesions, clinical presentation, cancer subtypes, recurrences and fatalities, and outcome of survivors. Thirteen patients with confirmed OLCA-stroke were identified. All had elevated D-dimer levels, six had central lung cancer and seven had peripheral lung cancer. Eight (62%) had adenocarcinoma, and nine (69%) had metastasis. Ten (77%) patients had multiple lesions in multiple vascular territories. Twelve (92%) patients suffered recurrent strokes. Multiple small and large disseminated lesions in multiple vascular territories were more frequent in recurrent strokes in comparison with initial strokes. The middle cerebral artery was most frequently involved in recurrent strokes, followed by the posterior circulation territory and anterior cerebral artery, which were of similar frequency as initial strokes. Overall, 58% of patients had their first recurrent stroke within the first month, and 69% had a poor outcome, especially for those with multiple recurrent strokes and metastases. Occult cancer should be considered in the setting of multiple and recurrent embolic strokes within the short term in the absence of conventional stroke etiologies. The severity of malignancy and cancer treatments and stroke influenced the recurrences and outcome. PMID:25443087

Mai, Hui; Xia, Jun; Wu, Yongjun; Ke, Junlong; Li, Junliang; Pan, Jiangang; Chen, Wubiao; Shao, Yiming; Yang, Zhi; Luo, Saihua; Sun, Yonghua; Zhao, Bin; Li, Longxuan

2015-02-01

239

Appendico-cutaneous fistula presenting clinically as right loin necrotizing fasciitis: a case report.  

PubMed

Acute appendicitis and its subsequent complications continue to pose a surgical challenge. One such complication, the appendico-cutaneous fistula, represents a very rare form of enterocutaneous fistula. Very few cases have been reported thus far in the literature. The clinical presentation of this case before the final diagnosis was made makes interesting reading. The report describes a unique case that presented with the onset of cellulitis around the right lumbar/loin region, spreading down the right posterior back to the posterior gluteal area, and appearing as necrotizing fasciitis. There were no abdominal signs at all. The patient was then taken to the operating room (OR) for incision and drainage through a right flank incision, which could be extended. At drainage, there was a feculent smell with discharge that immediately raised the possibility of colonic connection with the abscess cavity. Swab sent for culture and sensitivity grew E. coli and Bacteroides. The final diagnosis proved to be a perforated appendix. Therefore, perforated appendix should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of any spreading cellulitis in the right lumbar area or right lower abdominal quadrant in the presence of limited urinary symptoms and little or no abdominal signs. PMID:14584764

Awe, Julius A; Soliman, Mohammed A; Gourdie, Ronald W

2003-01-01

240

Proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndromes: advances in pathogeneses, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and management.  

PubMed

The disease spectrum currently known as the proteasome-associated autoinflammatory syndromes (PRAAS) was first described in 1939 in patients who presented with recurrent fevers beginning in infancy or early childhood, which were accompanied by nodular erythema, a pernio-like rash, and joint contractures. Since then, several syndromes, such as chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature (CANDLE) syndrome, Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome (NNS), joint contractures, muscle atrophy, microcytic anemia and panniculitis-induced lipodystrophy (JMP) syndrome, and Japanese autoinflammatory syndrome with lipodystrophy (JASL), have been used to categorize patients with diseases within the same spectrum. Recently, independent studies have identified mutations in the human proteasome subunit ? type 8 (PSMB8) gene, which result in a sustained inflammatory response in all syndromes. Further functional studies not only suggest a causative role of PSMB8 mutations but also imply that they represent one disease spectrum, referred to as PRAAS. In this paper, we review the clinical presentations and laboratory findings of PRAAS, as well as the most recent advances in pathogeneses, diagnosis, and treatment options for patients with diseases in this spectrum. PMID:25521013

McDermott, Amelia; Jacks, Jennifer; Kessler, Marcus; Emanuel, Peter D; Gao, Ling

2015-02-01

241

Additional diverse findings expand the clinical presentation of DOCK8 deficiency.  

PubMed

We describe seven Turkish children with DOCK8 deficiency who have not been previously reported. Three patients presented with typical features of recurrent or severe cutaneous viral infections, atopic dermatitis, and recurrent respiratory or gastrointestinal tract infections. However, four patients presented with other features. Patient 1-1 featured sclerosing cholangitis and colitis; patient 2-1, granulomatous soft tissue lesion and central nervous system involvement, with primary central nervous system lymphoma found on follow-up; patient 3-1, a fatal metastatic leiomyosarcoma; and patient 4-2 showed no other symptoms initially besides atopic dermatitis. Similar to other previously reported Turkish patients, but in contrast to patients of non-Turkish ethnicity, the patients' lymphopenia was primarily restricted to CD4(+) T cells. Patients had homozygous mutations in DOCK8 that altered splicing, introduced premature terminations, destabilized protein, or involved large deletions within the gene. Genotyping of remaining family members showed that DOCK8 deficiency is a fully penetrant, autosomal recessive disease. In our patients, bone marrow transplantation resulted in rapid improvement followed by disappearance of viral skin lesions, including lesions resembling epidermodysplasia verruciformis, atopic dermatitis, and recurrent infections. Particularly for patients who feature unusual clinical manifestations, immunological testing, in conjunction with genetic testing, can prove invaluable in diagnosing DOCK8 deficiency and providing potentially curative treatment. PMID:22476911

Sanal, Ozden; Jing, Huie; Ozgur, Tuba; Ayvaz, Deniz; Strauss-Albee, Dara M; Ersoy-Evans, Sibel; Tezcan, Ilhan; Turkkani, Gulten; Matthews, Helen F; Haliloglu, Goknur; Yuce, Aysel; Yalcin, Bilgehan; Gokoz, Ozay; Oguz, Kader K; Su, Helen C

2012-08-01

242

An MCMI-II item-level component analysis: personality and clinical factors.  

PubMed

The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, Version 2 (MCMI-II) was released to replace the MCMI-I. Research into the factor structure of the items of the MCMI-I showed components consistent with the underlying construction theory. No such work has been done with the new MCMI-II. For this study, we analyzed the personality disorder and clinical syndrome items across two subject samples. For 579 Veterans Administration patients and 492 normal college students, six personality factors were identified. The samples shared Hostility, Histrionic/Schizoid, Dependent, Compulsive, and a Sadistic variant. For the clinical syndrome items, eight factors were isolated for veterans and seven for normals. Depression, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, Crying, and Mania were shared factors. Most of the factors were found to be highly consistent with MCMI-II scale keyings. PMID:1955978

Retzlaff, P D; Lorr, M; Hyer, L; Ofman, P

1991-10-01

243

Demographic and clinical factors associated with radiographic severity of first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis: cross-sectional findings from the Clinical Assessment Study of the Foot  

PubMed Central

Summary Objective To explore demographic and clinical factors associated with radiographic severity of first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis (OA) (First MTPJ OA). Design Adults aged ?50 years registered with four general practices were mailed a Health Survey. Responders reporting foot pain within the last 12 months were invited to undergo a clinical assessment and weight-bearing dorso-plantar and lateral radiographs of both feet. Radiographic first MTPJ OA in the most severely affected foot was graded into four categories using a validated atlas. Differences in selected demographic and clinical factors were explored across the four radiographic severity subgroups using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and ordinal regression. Results Clinical and radiographic data were available from 517 participants, categorised as having no (n = 105), mild (n = 228), moderate (n = 122) or severe (n = 62) first MTPJ OA. Increased radiographic severity was associated with older age and lower educational attainment. After adjusting for age, increased radiographic first MTPJ OA severity was significantly associated with an increased prevalence of dorsal hallux and first MTPJ pain, hallux valgus, first interphalangeal joint (IPJ) hyperextension, keratotic lesions on the dorsal aspect of the hallux and first MTPJ, decreased first MTPJ dorsiflexion, ankle/subtalar joint eversion and ankle joint dorsiflexion range of motion, and a trend towards a more pronated foot posture. Conclusions This cross-sectional study has identified several dose–response associations between radiographic severity of first MTPJ OA and a range of demographic and clinical factors. These findings highlight the progressive nature of first MTPJ OA and provide insights into the spectrum of presentation of the condition in clinical practice. PMID:25450852

Menz, H.B.; Roddy, E.; Marshall, M.; Thomas, M.J.; Rathod, T.; Myers, H.; Thomas, E.; Peat, G.M.

2015-01-01

244

A molecular diagnostic approach able to detect the recurrent genetic prognostic factors typical of presenting myeloma.  

PubMed

Risk stratification in myeloma requires an accurate assessment of the presence of a range of molecular abnormalities including the differing IGH translocations and the recurrent copy number abnormalities that can impact clinical behavior. Currently, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization is used to detect these abnormalities. High failure rates, slow turnaround, cost, and labor intensiveness make it difficult and expensive to use in routine clinical practice. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), a molecular approach based on a multiplex polymerase chain reaction method, offers an alternative for the assessment of copy number changes present in the myeloma genome. Here, we provide evidence showing that MLPA is a powerful tool for the efficient detection of copy number abnormalities and when combined with expression assays, MLPA can detect all of the prognostically relevant molecular events which characterize presenting myeloma. This approach opens the way for a molecular diagnostic strategy that is efficient, high throughput, and cost effective. PMID:25287954

Boyle, Eileen M; Proszek, Paula Z; Kaiser, Martin F; Begum, Dil; Dahir, Nasrin; Savola, Suvi; Wardell, Christopher P; Leleu, Xavier; Ross, Fiona M; Chiecchio, Laura; Cook, Gordon; Drayson, Mark T; Owen, Richard G; Ashcroft, John M; Jackson, Graham H; Anthony Child, James; Davies, Faith E; Walker, Brian A; Morgan, Gareth J

2015-02-01

245

A molecular diagnostic approach able to detect the recurrent genetic prognostic factors typical of presenting myeloma  

PubMed Central

Risk stratification in myeloma requires an accurate assessment of the presence of a range of molecular abnormalities including the differing IGH translocations and the recurrent copy number abnormalities that can impact clinical behavior. Currently, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization is used to detect these abnormalities. High failure rates, slow turnaround, cost, and labor intensiveness make it difficult and expensive to use in routine clinical practice. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), a molecular approach based on a multiplex polymerase chain reaction method, offers an alternative for the assessment of copy number changes present in the myeloma genome. Here, we provide evidence showing that MLPA is a powerful tool for the efficient detection of copy number abnormalities and when combined with expression assays, MLPA can detect all of the prognostically relevant molecular events which characterize presenting myeloma. This approach opens the way for a molecular diagnostic strategy that is efficient, high throughput, and cost effective. PMID:25287954

Boyle, Eileen M; Proszek, Paula Z; Kaiser, Martin F; Begum, Dil; Dahir, Nasrin; Savola, Suvi; Wardell, Christopher P; Leleu, Xavier; Ross, Fiona M; Chiecchio, Laura; Cook, Gordon; Drayson, Mark T; Owen, Richard G; Ashcroft, John M; Jackson, Graham H; Anthony Child, James; Davies, Faith E; Walker, Brian A; Morgan, Gareth J

2015-01-01

246

Late presentation of hyperandrogenism in pregnancy: clinical features and differential diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Hyperandrogenic states in pregnancy are rare but arise most commonly due to new-onset ovarian pathology in pregnancy. We describe the case of a young woman who presented in the latter half of her pregnancy with features of hyperandrogenism. We review the biochemical and imaging findings and discuss the differential diagnosis. Case presentation A 26-year-old woman presented in the later part of her pregnancy with widespread hirsutism. Biochemical testing confirmed hyperandrogenism (testosterone, 13.7?nmol/l and second-trimester pregnancy range, 0.9–4.9?nmol/l), although she had no history of menstrual disturbance, hirsutism or acne prior to conception. Radiological evaluation (ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) revealed multiple cystic lesions in both ovaries, leading to a presumptive diagnosis of hyperreactio luteinalis (HL). The implications of maternal hyperandrogenism on foetal virilisation were considered and the patient was counselled appropriately. She delivered a healthy baby boy uneventfully. Androgen levels, hirsutism and acne normalised within a few weeks of delivery. Conclusion HL can occur at any stage of pregnancy and is an important differential diagnosis in pregnant patients with features of androgen excess. Most cases regress spontaneously after delivery and major interventions are usually not needed. Learning points Hyperandrogenism in pregnancy is rare.Clinical features are similar to the non-pregnant state in the mother but virilisation in the foetus can have profound consequences.HL and pregnancy luteoma are the most common ovarian pathologies leading to hyperandrogenism in pregnancy.Spontaneous regression occurs in the post-partum period in the vast majority of cases and surgery is only required for local complications. PMID:24616776

Das, Gautam; Eligar, Vinay S; Govindan, Jyothish; Rees, D Aled

2013-01-01

247

Embryological, clinical and ultrastructural study of human oocytes presenting indented zona pellucida.  

PubMed

Summary Human oocyte dysmorphisms attain a large proportion of retrieved oocytes from assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles. Extracytoplasmic defects involve abnormal morphology of the zona pellucida (ZP), perivitelline space and first polar body. The aim of the present study was to describe a novel dysmorphism affecting the ZP, indented ZP. We also evaluated the clinical, embryological and ultrastructural features of these cases. We evaluated all ART treatment cycles during 7 consecutive years and found 13 treatment cycles (six patients) with all oocytes presenting an indented ZP. In addition, these oocytes presented total or partial absence of the perivitelline space, absence of resistance to ZP and oolemma penetration during microinjection, and low ooplasm viscosity during aspiration. This novel described dysmorphism was recurrent and attained all oocytes in three cases that had more than one treatment cycle. When compared with controls, data showed significant low oocyte maturity (42% versus 81.6%) and high cycle cancellation (30.8% versus 8.5%) rates, normal degeneration (3.4% versus 6.3%) and fertilization rates (69% versus 69.5%), and low pregnancy (15.4% versus 33.3%) and live-birth delivery (7.7% versus 27.7%) rates per cycle. Ultrastructure analysis revealed a zona pellucida structure with large empty electrolucent regions, an outer ZP layer with an indented surface with protuberances and a thick inner ZP that obliterated the perivitelline space. There was evidence of exocytosis of ZP material by the oocyte. In conclusion, oocytes with this novel described dysmorphism (indented ZP) are associated with low maturity, pregnancy and live-birth delivery rates. PMID:23992046

Sousa, M; da Silva, J Teixeira; Silva, J; Cunha, M; Viana, P; Oliveira, E; Sá, R; Soares, C; Oliveira, C; Barros, A

2015-02-01

248

Chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy presenting in middle or old age: a clinical and electrophysiological study of 75 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical and electrophysiological features were prospectively studied of 75 patients (46 men and 29 women) with chronic polyneuropathy presenting in middle or old age in whom a diagnosis could not be made even after extensive evaluation and a follow up of six months. The mean age at the onset of symptoms was 56.5 years. The clinical features of chronic

N C Notermans; J H Wokke; H Franssen; Y van der Graaf; M Vermeulen; L H van den Berg; P R Bär; F G Jennekens

1993-01-01

249

[Microalbuminuria: cardiovascular and renal risk factors underestimated in clinical practice].  

PubMed

Determination of microalbuminuria has been shown to be useful to identify patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2) at high risk of renal and cardiovascular (CV) diseases. The determination of the albumin/creatinine (Cr) ratio in an isolate sample of urine has been shown to be sufficient for the diagnosis as well as for the evaluation of the efficacy of the therapy employed to reduce microalbuminuria. Values of urinary albumin >30 mg/g of Cr or 3,4 mg/mmol of Cr are evidence of microalbuminuria. This condition is frequently associated with high blood pressure levels, which increases dramatically not only the progression of renal disease but also de risk of a CV event. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that the presence of microalbuminuria is predictive of higher morbi-mortality independent of the presence of other CV risk factors. It appears to reflect a generalized vascular lesion not confined to the glomeruli. The capacity of reducing blood pressure, intraglomerular pressure and the permeability of the glomerular membrane, which are important factors in the progression of renal disease, may explain the renoprotective effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and the angiotensin II receptors blockers (ARBs). In the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, the control of blood pressure, which has to be maintained near or below 130/80 mmHg associated to the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system with ACEIs or BRAs are the best strategies to promote renal and CV protection. PMID:16767297

Zanella, Maria Teresa

2006-04-01

250

Gerstmann-Straeussler-Scheinker disease with P102L prion protein gene mutation presenting with rapidly progressive clinical course.  

PubMed

We describe an autopsied case of a Japanese woman with Gerstmann-Straeussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) presenting with a rapidly progressive clinical course. Disease onset occurred at the age of 54 with dementia and gait disturbance. Her clinical course progressively deteriorated until she reached a bedridden state with myoclonus 9 months after onset. Two months later, she reached the akinetic mutism state. Nasal tube feeding was introduced at this point and continued for several years. Electroencephalograms showed diffuse slowing without periodic sharp-wave complexes. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed widespread cerebral cortical hyperintensity. Prion protein (PrP) gene analysis revealed a Pro to Leu point mutation at codon 102 with methionine homozygosity at codon 129. The patient died of respiratory failure after a total disease duration of 62 months. Neuropathologic examination revealed widespread spongiform change with numerous eosinophilic amyloid plaques (Kuru plaques) in the cerebral and cerebellar cortices by H & E staining. Diffuse myelin pallor with axon loss of the cerebral white matter, suggestive of panencephalopathic-type pathology was observed. Numerous PrP immunopositive plaques and diffuse synaptic-type PrP deposition were extensively observed, particularly in the cerebral and cerebellar cortices. Western blot analysis of proteinase Kresistant PrP showed a characteristic band pattern with a small molecular band of 6 kDa. The reason for the similarity in clinicopathologic findings between the present case and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is uncertain; however, the existence of an unknown disease-modifying factor is suspected. PMID:24986180

Iwasaki, Yasushi; Mori, Keiko; Ito, Masumi; Nokura, Kazuya; Tatsumi, Shinsui; Mimuro, Maya; Kitamoto, Tetsuyuki; Yoshida, Mari

2014-01-01

251

MMPI-A Scale-Level Factor Structure: Replication in a Clinical Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scale-level factor structure of the adolescent form of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-A) was examined in a clinical sample of 358 adolescents receiving psychiatric services. Nine factors accounted for 75.6% of total variance in scale and subscale raw scores. Findings support use of the MMPI-A for assessment of…

Archer, Robert P.; Krishnamurthy, Radhika

1997-01-01

252

An Update on the Epidemiology of Schizophrenia with a Special Reference to Clinically Important Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness which poses a tremendous burden on the families, caregivers and the society. The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated review of the epidemiology of schizophrenia with a special attention to the clinically important risk factors such as drug abuse, hormonal factors and the new advances in genetic…

El-Missiry, Ahmed; Aboraya, Ahmed Sayed; Manseur, Hader; Manchester, Johnna; France, Cheryl; Border, Katherine

2011-01-01

253

Clinical factors that influence response to treatment strategies in recent atrial fibrillation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The atrial hypocontractility caused by short episodes of atrial fibrillation has much faster onset and offset kinetics than the atrial contractile dysfunction caused after long periods of atrial fibrillation. This is a prospective study aimed at detecting the most common predisposing factors for atrial fibrillation and how the clinical factors influence the response to cardioversion. The study included 62 consecutive

Neama El-Meligy; Hamza Kabil; Heba Mansour; Mohammad Abdel Moneim

254

Comparisons of the mortality and clinical presentations of status epilepticus in private practice community and university hospital settings in Richmond, Virginia  

PubMed Central

We prospectively compared the clinical course of 119 patients treated for status epilepticus (SE) in private practice community hospitals and 344 SE patients treated in the VCU university hospitals in Richmond, Virginia USA over a two-year period to test the hypothesis that SE presents with the same mortality and clinical patterns in both clinical settings. Of the patients reviewed, the major etiologies for SE were cerebrovascular disease, decreased anti-epileptic drug levels in epileptic patients, anoxia-hypoxia, and remote symptomatic. The other etiologies included were alcohol related, trauma, central nervous system infections, tumors, systemic infection, metabolic disorders, idiopathic, and hemorrhage. These observations provide the first direct prospective comparison of SE presenting in university and private practice community hospital settings in the same geographic area. Mortality was the highest in the elderly population while the pediatric population had low mortality in both clinical settings. Etiology risk factors for outcome were similar for both the populations. The data also suggest that the higher degree of illness severity in university hospitals may be associated with a higher incidence of SE, but not with mortality or a different clinical presentation of the condition. The results of this study demonstrate that SE has the same mortality and presents in an essentially identical manner in university and private practice community hospitals and underscores the fact that mortality in SE is not just associated with tertiary care hospitals and the importance of recognizing the severity of SE in the private practice setting. PMID:19324574

DeLorenzo, Robert J.; Kirmani, Batool; Deshpande, Laxmikant S.; Jakkampudi, Vamsy; Towne, Alan R.; Waterhouse, Elizabeth; Garnett, Linda; Ramakrisnan, Ramesh

2010-01-01

255

Literature Review and Clinical Presentation of Cervical Spondylitis Due to Salmonella Enteritidis in Immunocompetent  

PubMed Central

A 48-year-old woman was presented to our clinic with some fever and neck pains for about one month. Based on the symptoms and results of image, an empirical diagnosis of tuberculous cervical spondylitis was made. The pain was not significantly decreased after anti-tuberculosis therapy. And, 3 weeks later, she was re-admitted to our hospital for the unbearable pain. An exploration of the C4/5 by the anterior medial approach was recommended to evaluate the germ and debridement. Bacteriological tests showed that the pathogen was Salmonella Enteritidis. The pain was relieved significantly after operation and sensitive antibiotic treatments. Infections with Salmonella Typhi or Salmonella Paratyphi have been well-documented, while there are few reports of cervical spondylitis caused by Salmonella Enteritidis. We reported a case of a healthy woman with whom pyogenic cervical spondylitis of Salmonella Enteritidis was corroborated and treated and reviewed according to previous reports about spondylitis caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in the literature. PMID:24761205

Feng, Zhi-Yun; Guo, Fang

2014-01-01

256

Clinical and radiological aspects of cerebellopontine neurinoma presenting with recurrent spontaneous bleedings  

PubMed Central

Background: Neurinomas are benign, usually encapsulated, tumors growing in peripheral nerve sheath with a high incidence in the cerebellopontine angle. Case Description: We report a case of vestibular neurinoma (VN) with a “biphasic” pattern of intratumoral hemorrhage presenting with cephalalgia along with progressive ipsilateral mild impairment of both VII and VIII cranial nerves. A thorough preoperative magnetic resonance imaging study better characterized the patchy pattern of the round shaped lesion, resulting in three different intensity signals, due to the peculiar characteristics of the tumoral mass and the recurrent bleedings, respectively. Postoperatively, histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of neurinoma. Conclusion: Hemorrhagic VN are rare tumors; from the first case described in 1974 only 43 more have been reported in the literature so far. Noteworthy, “biphasic” bleedings are even rarer. From an accurate review of the literature we collected and thus emphasized the radiological and clinical features of this rare entity. Eventually, we suggest that the early surgical removal of clots and tumor is essential to provide the best chance of neurological improvement. PMID:23776753

Giuseppe, Maimone; Mario, Ganau; Nicola, Nicassio; Mauro, Cambria

2013-01-01

257

Clinical Presentation and Microarray Analysis of Peruvian Children with Atypical Development and/or Aberrant Behavior  

PubMed Central

We report our experience with high resolution microarray analysis in infants and young children with developmental disability and/or aberrant behavior enrolled at the Centro Ann Sullivan del Peru in Lima, Peru, a low income country. Buccal cells were collected with cotton swabs from 233 participants for later DNA isolation and identification of copy number variation (deletions/duplications) and regions of homozygosity (ROH) for estimating consanguinity status in 15 infants and young children (12 males, 3 females; mean age ± SD = 28.1?m ± ?7.9?m; age range 14?m–41?m) randomly selected for microarray analysis. An adequate DNA yield was found in about one-half of the enrolled participants. Ten participants showed deletions or duplications containing candidate genes reported to impact behavior or cognitive development. Five children had ROHs which could have harbored recessive gene alleles contributing to their clinical presentation. The coefficient of inbreeding was calculated and three participants showed first-second cousin relationships, indicating consanguinity. Our preliminary study showed that DNA isolated from buccal cells using cotton swabs was suboptimal, but yet in a subset of participants the yield was adequate for high resolution microarray analysis and several genes were found that impact development and behavior and ROHs identified to determine consanguinity status. PMID:25400949

Butler, Merlin G.; Usrey, Kelly; Roberts, Jennifer L.; Schroeder, Stephen R.

2014-01-01

258

Chronic hepatitis in the English springer spaniel: clinical presentation, histological description and outcome  

PubMed Central

Medical records and liver histology of 68 English springer spaniels (ESS) with a histological diagnosis of CH were reviewed retrospectively. PCR was performed on liver tissue for canine adenovirus-1 (CAV-1), canine parvovirus, canine herpesvirus and pathogenic Leptospira species. Follow-up information was obtained to calculate survival times. Median age at presentation was three years seven months (range, seven months to eight years five months) and there were 48 female and 20 male dogs. Clinical signs were non-specific and five dogs were asymptomatic. All dogs had an increase in serum activity of one or more hepatobiliary enzymes. Histopathology demonstrated hepatocyte necrosis and apoptosis with varying amounts of fibrosis. A predominantly lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate throughout the hepatic parenchyma was found in all 68 dogs, but 45 of these dogs also had a neutrophilic component to the inflammatory infiltrate. There was no significant copper accumulation and no aetiological agent was identified by PCR. The median survival time was 189 days (range, 1 to 1211 days), 38 dogs died within three months and 12 dogs survived more than a year following diagnosis. PMID:21852307

Bexfield, N. H.; Andres-Abdo, C.; Scase, T. J.; Constantino-Casas, F.; Watson, P. J.

2011-01-01

259

Understanding pathogenetic aspects and clinical presentation of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) through its derived cell lines  

PubMed Central

Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a very rare subgroup of B-cell lymphomas presenting as pleural, peritoneal and pericardial neoplastic effusions in the absence of a solid tumor mass or recognizable nodal involvement. There is strong evidence that Kaposi’s sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a causal agent of PEL. PEL tumor cells are latently infected by KSHV with consistent expression of several viral proteins and microRNAs that can affect cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival. The most relevant data on pathogenesis and biology of KSHV have been provided by studies on PEL derived cell lines. Fourteen continuous cell lines have been established from the malignant effusions of patients with AIDS-and non-AIDS-associated PEL. These KSHV+ EBV+/? cell lines are wellcharacterized, authenticated and mostly available from public biological ressource centers. The PEL cell lines display unique features and are clearly distinct from other lymphoma cell lines. PEL cell lines represent an indispensable tool for the understanding of KSHV biology and its impact on the clinical manifestation of PEL. Studies on PEL cell lines have shown that a number of viral genes, expressed during latency or lytic life cycle, have effects on cell binding, proliferation, angiogenesis and inflammation. Also PEL cell lines are important model systems for the study of the pathology of PEL including the lack of invasive or destructive growth patterns and the peculiar propensity of PEL to involve body cavity surfaces. PMID:20051807

Carbone, Antonino; Cesarman, Ethel; Gloghini, Annunziata; Drexler, Hans G.

2013-01-01

260

Chronic kidney disease presenting acutely: presentation, clinical features and outcome of patients with irreversible chronic kidney disease who require dialysis immediately  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPatients with irreversible chronic kidney disease who require dialysis immediately are a subset of ultra late referrals for whom the term chronic kidney disease presenting acutely might usefully be applied. Although well known to nephrologists and recognised as a specific group with considerable problems, little has been written about them.ObjectiveTo describe the presentation, clinical features and outcome of irreversible chronic

Maytal Wolfe; Alison Almond; Sue Robertson; Ken Donaldson; Chris Isles

2010-01-01

261

Comparison of MRI criteria at first presentation to predict conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary We compared MRI criteria used to predict conversion of suspected multiple sclerosis to clinically definte multiple sclerosis. Seventy-four patients with clinically isolated neurological symptoms suggestive of multiple sclerosis were studied with MRI. Logistic regression analysis was used to remove redundant information, and a diagnostic model was built after each MRI parameter was dichotomized according to maximum accuracy using receiver

Frederik Barkhof; Massimo Filippi; L. H. Miller; Philip Scheltens; Adriana Campi; Chris H. Polman; Giancarlo Comi; H. J. Adhr; Nick Losseff; Jacob Valk

1997-01-01

262

Premature foetal closure of the arterial duct: clinical presentations and outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of intra-uterine ductal dysfunction is unknown and the clinical consequences are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the echocardiographic (ECHO) abnormalities and outcomes of this rare phenomenon. Methods and results Retrospective analysis of foetal (n ¼ 602) and neonatal ECHO databases (n ¼ 1477) between 1998 and 2007. Clinical and imaging studies were reviewed

Stephen C. Brown; Veerle Cossey; DominiqueVan Schoubroeck; Roland Devlieger; Erik Thaulow

263

Clinical Decision Support: Effectiveness in Improving Quality Processes and Clinical Outcomes and Factors That May Influence Success  

PubMed Central

The use of electronic health records has skyrocketed following the 2009 HITECH Act, which provides financial incentives to health care providers for the “meaningful use” of electronic medical record systems. An important component of the “Meaningful Use” legislation is the integration of Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) into the computerized record, providing up-to-date medical knowledge and evidence-based guidance to the physician at the point of care. As reimbursement is increasingly tied to process and clinical outcomes, CDSS will be integral to future medical practice. Studies of CDSS indicate improvement in preventive services, appropriate care, and clinical and cost outcomes with strong evidence for CDSS effectiveness in process measures. Increasing provider adherence to CDSS recommendations is essential in improving CDSS effectiveness, and factors that influence adherence are currently under study. PMID:24910564

Murphy, Elizabeth V.

2014-01-01

264

ality of epitope presentation as the key factor in the rapid and selective differentiation of cells  

E-print Network

ality of epitope presentation as the key factor in the rapid and selective differentiation of cells into neurons. An average-sized nanofiber in the network contains an estimated 7.1 1014 IKVAV epitopes/cm2 an estimated 7.5 1011 IKVAV epitopes/cm2 (22). Thus, the IKVAV nanofibers of the network could amplify

265

Hotline sessions and clinical trial updates presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Stockholm 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives an overview on several novel clinical trials in the field of cardiovascular (CV) medicine which were presented\\u000a during the hotline sessions and clinical trial updates at the European Society of Cardiology Congress, held in Stockholm,\\u000a Sweden, from 28th August to 1st September 2010. The data have been presented by leading experts in the accordant field with\\u000a relevant

Matthias Lenski; Felix Mahfoud; Christian Werner; Axel Bauer; Michael Böhm

2010-01-01

266

[Vulvovaginitis: correlation with predisposing factors, clinical manifestations and microbiological studies].  

PubMed

Vaginitis (V) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) are one of the most common reasons the middle class patient has to consult a gynaecologist. The purpose of this work is to analyse samples of vaginal fluid targeting the infection etiology and its relationship to related factors: (intrauterine devices, contraceptive pills, condoms, use of antibiotics), symptoms and signs. From November 1, 2001 to October 30, 2003, a cross-section study was carried out of 400 nonpregnant, sexually active women in an age range of 15 to 55. Vaginal secretions were analysed by Gram and Giemsa stains and culturing was used. Interpreting: (1) normal--no observable changes, absence of the infecting agents studied here; (2) infected--changes observed: bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis (CV) and trichomoniasis (TC) and (3) imbalance in vagina ecology, with medium alterations (D). Results obtained: (1) normal: 209 (52.2%); infected: 115 (28.8%) including 13.5% VB, 12.5% CV, 2.8% TC, and (3) 76 (19%) with imbalance of vagina ecology. Bacterial vaginosis and flora imbalance were related to the use of intrauterine devices, and candidiasis to contraceptive pills and previous antibiotic use. The number of symptoms increased in patients with vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis. PMID:17370572

Fosch, S; Fogolín, N; Azzaroni, E; Pairetti, N; Dana, L; Minacori, H; Tita, I; Redona, M; Gribaudo, G

2006-01-01

267

PNPLA3 I148M Polymorphism, Clinical Presentation, and Survival in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Background & Aims Aim of this study was to evaluate whether the PNPLA3 I148M polymorphism, previously associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk, influences the clinical presentation of HCC and survival. Methods we considered 460 consecutive HCC patients referred to tertiary care centers in Northern Italy, 353 with follow-up data. Results Homozygosity for PNPLA3 148M at risk allele was enriched in HCC patients with alcoholic liver disease or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (ALD&NAFLD: relative risk 5.9, 95% c.i. 3.5–9.9; other liver diseases: relative risk 1.9, 95% c.i. 1.1–3.4). In ALD&NAFLD patients, the PNPLA3 148M allele was associated with younger age, shorter history of cirrhosis, less advanced (Child A) cirrhosis at HCC diagnosis, and lower HCC differentiation grade (p<0.05). Homozygosity for PNPLA3 148M was associated with reduced survival in the overall series (p?=?0.009), and with a higher number of HCC lesions at presentation (p?=?0.007) and reduced survival in ALD&NAFLD patients (p?=?0.003; median survival 30, 95% c.i. 20–39 vs. 45, 95% c.i. 38–52 months), but not in those with HCC related to other etiologies (p?=?0.86; 48, 95% c.i. 32–64 vs. 55, 95% c.i. 43–67 months). At multivariate Cox regression analysis, homozygosity for PNPLA3 148M was the only negative predictor of survival in ALD&NAFLD patients (HR of death 1.57, 95% c.i. 1.12–2.78). Conclusions PNPLA3 148M is over-represented in ALD&NAFLD HCC patients, and is associated with occurrence at a less advanced stage of liver disease in ALD&NAFLD. In ALD&NAFLD, PNPLA3 148M is associated with more diffuse HCC at presentation, and with reduced survival. PMID:24155878

Valenti, Luca; Motta, Benedetta Maria; Soardo, Giorgio; Iavarone, Massimo; Donati, Benedetta; Sangiovanni, Angelo; Carnelutti, Alessia; Dongiovanni, Paola; Rametta, Raffaela; Bertelli, Cristina; Facchetti, Floriana; Colombo, Massimo; Fargion, Silvia; Fracanzani, Anna Ludovica

2013-01-01

268

Evaluation of clinical factors influencing pregnancy rate in frozen embryo transfer  

PubMed Central

Background: Frozen embryo transfer (FET) is one of the most important supplementary procedures in the treatment of infertile couples. While general information concerning the outcome of fresh embryo transfer has been documented, paucity of investigations has addressed the clinical factors influenced on pregnancy rates in FET. Objective: In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis of clinical factors that potentially influence the outcome of FET. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the data from 372 women who were subjected to FET registered from April 2009-2011 at the Research and clinical center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Baseline data and pregnancy rate were collected. The data were analyzed statistically using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The clinical pregnancy rate was 57.7 and 29.2% in women <35 years old, and women >35 years old, respectively (p<0.0001). Clinical pregnancy rates in women with FSH <10 IU/ml, and FSH >10 IU/ml were 56.3% and 17.5 %, respectively (p<0.0001). Whereas the other clinical parameters consist of reason of fetus freezing, primary IVF protocol, IVF procedure, endometrial thickness, treatment duration to fetal transfer found to be unrelated to FET outcomes (p>0.05). Conclusion: Female age and basal FSH level are the most important factors influencing the clinical pregnancy rate following FET. PMID:25114675

Eftekhar, Maryam; Rahmani, Elham; Pourmasumi, Soheila

2014-01-01

269

Vocal cord dysfunction in athletes: clinical presentation and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a syndrome characterized by the intermittent, abnormal paradoxical adduction of the true vocal cords during respiration resulting in variable upper airway obstruction. It is also commonly referred to as paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder. Patients with VCD usually present with intermittent shortness of breath of varying intensity, wheezing, stridor, choking, throat tightness, voice changes, or cough, and these symptoms often resolve quickly after relaxation or cessation of activity. Since first described as a distinct clinical entity in 1983, VCD remains underrecognized and the underlying cause(s) is not fully understood. Several studies suggest psychogenic or laryngeal hyperresponsiveness as possible underlying causes. Although VCD may have many causes, it can be a unique problem, especially in athletes because it often mimics and can be easily mistaken for exercise-induced bronchospasm, which may result in unnecessary medical treatment and delay in diagnosis. A detailed history, physical examination, and pulmonary function tests with flow-volume loops are important for excluding other diagnoses; however, the gold standard method for diagnosing VCD is by observation of the vocal cords with flexible laryngoscopy. The mainstay of treatment includes behavioral management guided by a speech-language pathologist, but optimal therapy often requires a multidisciplinary team involving a variety of specialties, including certified athletic training, pulmonology, otolaryngology, speech-language pathology, gastroenterology, allergy and immunology, and psychology, as appropriate. We reviewed the medical literature for VCD specifically in athletes, and this article discusses in detail the definition, epidemiology, possible pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment options. PMID:22759602

Al-Alwan, Ali; Kaminsky, David

2012-05-01

270

Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB may predominantly present with an attenuated clinical phenotype  

PubMed Central

Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB (MPS IIIB, Sanfilippo syndrome type B) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme N-acetyl-?-D-glucosaminidase (NAGLU). Information on the natural course of MPS IIIB is scarce but much needed in view of emerging therapies. To improve knowledge on the natural course, data on all 52 MPS IIIB patients ever identified by enzymatic studies in the Netherlands were gathered. Clinical data on 44 patients could be retrieved. Only a small number (n?=?9; 21%) presented with a classical MPS III phenotype; all other patients showed a much more attenuated course of the disease characterized by a significantly slower regression of intellectual and motor abilities. The majority of patients lived well into adulthood. First signs of the disease, usually mild developmental delay, were observed at a median age of 4 years. Subsequently, patients showed a slowing and eventually a stagnation of development. Patients with the attenuated phenotype had a stable intellectual disability for many years. Molecular analysis was performed in 24 index patients. The missense changes p.R643C, p.S612G, p.E634K, and p.L497V were exclusively found in patients with the attenuated phenotype. MPS IIIB comprises a remarkably wide spectrum of disease severity, and an unselected cohort including all Dutch patients showed a large proportion (79%) with an attenuated phenotype. MPS IIIB must be considered in patients with a developmental delay, even in the absence of a progressive decline in intellectual abilities. A key feature, necessitating metabolic studies, is the coexistence of behavioral problems. PMID:20852935

Valstar, Marlies J.; Bruggenwirth, Hennie T.; Olmer, Renske; Wevers, Ron A.; Verheijen, Frans W.; Poorthuis, Ben J.; Halley, Dicky J.

2010-01-01

271

Familial Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis May Present during Adulthood: Clinical and Genetic Features of a Small Series  

PubMed Central

Familial Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a rare immune deficiency with defective cytotoxic function. The age at onset is usually young and the natural course is rapidly fatal if untreated. A later onset of the disease has been sporadically reported even in adolescents and adults. We report the results of our retrospective data collection of all cases diagnosed with FHL at an age of 18 years or older and enrolled in the Italian Registry of HLH. All cases were diagnosed with FHL based on evidence of genetic defect in one FHL-related gene. A total of 11 patients were diagnosed with FHL. They were 9 males and 2 females, from 10 unrelated families; their age ranged between 18 and 43 years (median, 23 years). Family history was unremarkable in eight families at the time of the diagnosis. Their genetic diagnoses are: FHL2 (n?=?6), FHL3 (n?=?2), FHL5 (n?=?1), XLP1 (n?=?2). Clinical, molecular and functional data are described. These data confirm that FHL may present beyond the pediatric age and up to the fifth decade. FHL2 due to perforin defect is the most frequently reported subtype. Adult specialists should consider FHL in the differential diagnosis of patients with cytopenia and liver or central nervous system disorders, especially when a lymphoproliferative disease is suspected but eventually not confirmed. FHL may turn to be fatal within a short time course even in adults. This risk, together with the continuous improvement in the transplant technique, especially in the area of transplant from matched unrelated donor, resulting in reduced treatment related mortality, might suggest a wider use of SCT in this population. Current diagnostic approach allows prompt identification of patients by flow-cytometry screening, then confirmed by the genetic study, and treatment with chemo-immunotherapy followed by stem cell transplantation. PMID:22970278

Piccin, Andrea; Gherlinzoni, Filippo; Sasso, Ferdinando Carlo; Rabusin, Marco; Attard, Luciano; Bosi, Alberto; Pende, Daniela; Moretta, Lorenzo; Aricò, Maurizio

2012-01-01

272

Clinical Features, Prothrombotic Risk Factors, and Long-Term Follow-Up of Eight Pediatric Moyamoya Patients  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical features, prothrombotic risk factors, and outcome of pediatric Moyamoya patients. Methods Patients diagnosed with Moyamoya disease at a tertiary center between January 2000 and December 2006 were enrolled in this study. The clinical presentations, underlying diseases, prothrombotic risk factors, family history of thrombosis, radiological findings, treatment, and outcome of the patients were reviewed retrospectively. Results Eight patients with angiographically proven Moyamoya disease were identified, one of whom had neurofibromatosis type I and one had Down syndrome. The age at diagnosis varied between 19 months and 11 years (73.4±41.8 months, mean±SD). The follow-up period after diagnosis was 52.5±14.8 months. In six patients, the initial clinical presentation was hemiparesis. None of the patients had any identifiable prothrombotic factors. Despite medical and surgical treatment, three patients had recurrences and one died. Only two patients recovered without sequelae. Conclusions The value of prothrombotic risk factor evaluation appears to be limited in Moyamoya patients; the outcome for pediatric patients remains dismal. PMID:22787492

Tatl?, Burak; Sencer, Altay; Sencer, Serra; Ayd?n, Kubilay; Ayd?nl?, Nur; Çal??kan, Mine; Özmen, Meral; K?r??, Talat

2012-01-01

273

The clinical presentation and early outcomes of necrotizing fasciitis in a Ugandan Tertiary Hospital- a prospective study  

PubMed Central

Background Necrotizing fasciitis is an infectious process characterized by rapidly progressing necrosis of superficial fascia and subcutaneous tissue with subsequent necrosis of overlying skin. Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but fatal infection. The worldwide incidence is at 0.4 per 100,000. Mortality is up to 80% with no intervention, and 30-50% with intervention. Delay in intervention is associated with poor outcome. The risk factors for necrotizing fasciitis are diabetes mellitus, HIV, malignancy, illicit drug use, malnutrition among others. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation and early outcomes of necrotizing fasciitis amongst Ugandan patients. Methods A prospective descriptive case series study conducted at Mulago National Referral and Teaching hospital from 5th January to 30th April 2011. Patients with necrotizing fasciitis were consecutively recruited after clinical evaluation, laboratory and microbiological tests were performed. Aggressive debridement was done and broad-spectrum antibiotics administered. Patients were followed up on surgical wards. Ethical approval was obtained. Results Thirty five patients were recruited over a 4 months period. More males were affected with, M: F 3:1. The 20-40 years age group was most affected. Attainment of healthy granulation tissue took 19 days on average. Mortality rate was 14% (5/35). Limbs were the most affected body parts 20/35 (57%), the scrotum and perineum (23%). Among infants the scalp was the most affected. Co-morbidities included HIV 8/35 (17%), and DM (5%) among others. The commonest organisms were gram negative. Split skin grafting was necessary in 74% (26/35) of patients. Conclusion There were a high number of patients with necrotizing fasciitis; it was associated with low mortality but high morbidity (long hospital stay). There was a high preponderance to males and limbs were the more affected body parts. PMID:25069415

2014-01-01

274

Follow up of patients presenting with fatigue to an infectious diseases clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES--To determine the symptomatic and functional status during follow up of patients referred to hospital with unexplained fatigue and to identify patient variables associated with persistent functional impairment. DESIGN--Follow up by postal questionnaire six weeks to four years (median 1 year) after initial clinical assessment of patients referred to hospital during 1984-8. SETTING--Infectious diseases outpatient clinic in a teaching hospital.

M. Sharpe; K. Hawton; V. Seagroatt; G. Pasvol

1992-01-01

275

Frequency, Clinical Presentation and Evolution of Renal Oncocytomas: Multicentric Experience from a European Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To understand the clinical behavior of renal oncocytoma in a retrospective analysis of a European multicentric nephrectomies database.Methods: The records of 891 patients who underwent surgical resection of renal neoplasm were reviewed. Relevant clinical and pathological data for each patient were retrieved in a database.Results: Thirty-two (3.6%) cases of renal oncocytoma were identified. Twenty patients (62.5%) were asymptomatic. No

Leo Romis; Luca Cindolo; Jean Jacques Patard; Giovanni Messina; Vincenzo Altieri; Laurent Salomon; Claude Clement Abbou; Dominique Chopin; Bernard Lobel; Alexandre de La Taille

2004-01-01

276

Three Cases of Organized Hematoma of the Maxillary Sinus: Clinical Features and Immunohistological Studies for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Expressions  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Organized hematoma (OH) is a rare, nonneoplastic, hemorrhagic lesion causing mucosal swelling and bone thinning, mainly in the maxillary sinus. We aimed to clarify the clinical presentation and treatment of OH. Methods. Three cases of maxillary sinus OH and a literature review are presented. Results. Three men aged 16–40 years complained of nasal obstruction, frequent epistaxis, and/or headache. Clinical and radiological examinations revealed a maxillary sinus OH. They were cured in a piecemeal fashion via endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy. Furthermore, vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor were expressed in the lesion. Conclusions. The pathogenesis of OH is unclear and it presents various histological and imaging findings; however, it is not difficult to rule out malignant tumors. Minimally invasive surgery such as endoscopic sinus surgery can cure it completely. Thus, it is important to determine the diagnosis using CT and MRI and to quickly provide surgical treatment.

Imayoshi, Shoichiro; Kanazawa, Takeharu; Fukushima, Noriyoshi; Kikuchi, Hisashi; Hasegawa, Masayo; Nagatomo, Takafumi; Nishino, Hiroshi

2015-01-01

277

Clinical presentation and endoscopic features of primary gastric Burkitt lymphoma in childhood, presenting as a protein-losing enteropathy: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Burkitt lymphoma and B cell lymphomas in childhood may arise in many atypical locations, which on rare occasions can include gastric mucosa. A case of primary gastric Burkitt lymphoma is described in a child presenting as a protein-losing enteropathy, including the direct monitoring of the disease response by sequential endoscopic biopsy and molecular analysis. Case presentation We report a 9-year-old boy who presented with gross oedema, ascites and respiratory distress caused by a protein-losing enteropathy. Initial imaging investigations were non-diagnostic but gastroduodenal endoscopy revealed massive involvement of the gastric mucosa with a primary Burkitt lymphoma. His subsequent clinical progress and disease response were monitored directly by endoscopy and he remains in clinical remission 4 years after initial diagnosis. Conclusions This is the first case report of primary Burkitt lymphoma presenting as a protein-losing enteropathy. The clinical course and progress of the patient were monitored by sequential endoscopic biopsy, histology and molecular analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridisation. PMID:19830151

2009-01-01

278

PTA of Infrapopliteal Arteries: Long-term Clinical Follow-up and Analysis of Factors Influencing Clinical Outcome  

SciTech Connect

This study was a retrospective analysis of patients with CLI who underwent infrapopliteal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). The main goal was to evaluate clinical and morphological factors that influence the clinical outcome of PTA in long-term follow-up. A total of 1,445 PTA procedures were performed in 1,268 patients. Main indications for PTA included gangrene, nonhealing ulcers, or rest pain. The mean number of treated arteries was 1.77 artery/limb, and the majority of lesions were type TASC D. The technical success rate of PTA was 89% of intended-to-treat arteries. The main criterion of clinical success was functional limb salvage (LS). One-year follow-up involved 1,069 limbs. Primary and secondary 1-year LS rates were 76.1 and 84.4%, respectively. The effect of clinical and morphological parameters on the 1-year LS was that the only associated disease with an adverse effect on LS rate was DM combined with dialysis. Regarding limb preprocedural status, gangrene was clearly a negative predictor. The most important factor affecting LS was the number of patent arteries post-PTA: patients with 0, 1, 2, and 3 patent arteries had 1-year primary LS rates of 56.4, 73.1, 80.4, and 83%, respectively. Long-term follow-up of LS rates demonstrated secondary LS rates of 84.4, 78.8, and 73.3% at 1, 5, and 10 years. Every effort should be made to perform PTA for as many arteries as possible, even if TASC D type, to improve clinical outcome. Our study shows that repeat PTA is capable of keeping the long-term LS rate close to 75%.

Peregrin, Jan H., E-mail: jape@medicon.cz; Koznar, Boris; Kovac, Josef; Lastovickova, Jarmila; Novotny, Jiri; Vedlich, Daniel [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Czech Republic); Skibova, Jelena [Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Statistics (Czech Republic)

2010-08-15

279

Prognostic factors of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma: a clinical and pathological analysis of 34 cases.  

PubMed

Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is a rare malignant neoplasm, and little is known about the prognostic factors. The aim of the present study was to identify the relationship between tumor's histological features and clinical behaviors and to analyze the survival of patients with PMEC. A total of 34 patients with PMEC from May 2001 to April 2013 were included in the investigation. The clinical data, radiological manifestation, pathological findings, treatment strategy, and prognoses of all patients were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were classified into low-grade group (n = 25) and high-grade group (n = 9), based on histological grades. High-grade PMEC was more common in patient with elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (P = 0.033), advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P = 0.004) and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001). The 5-year PFS and OS of all patients were 75.7% and 83.6%, respectively. Age, pathological grade, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage were correlated with the survival of PMEC patients. Lymph node metastasis was an independent predictor of OS (HR, 0.080; P = 0.029) and PFS (HR, 0.090; P = 0. 004). A higher tumor histological grade indicated a more aggressive behavior. Patients who had undergone complete resection for PMEC without any lymph node metastasis were expected to be cured. PMID:25400760

Jiang, Li; Li, Pengfei; Xiao, Zizheng; Qiu, Huijuan; Zhang, Xinke; Xiao, Yongbo; Zhang, Bei

2014-01-01

280

Prognostic factors of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma: a clinical and pathological analysis of 34 cases  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is a rare malignant neoplasm, and little is known about the prognostic factors. The aim of the present study was to identify the relationship between tumor’s histological features and clinical behaviors and to analyze the survival of patients with PMEC. A total of 34 patients with PMEC from May 2001 to April 2013 were included in the investigation. The clinical data, radiological manifestation, pathological findings, treatment strategy, and prognoses of all patients were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were classified into low-grade group (n = 25) and high-grade group (n = 9), based on histological grades. High-grade PMEC was more common in patient with elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (P = 0.033), advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P = 0.004) and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001). The 5-year PFS and OS of all patients were 75.7% and 83.6%, respectively. Age, pathological grade, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage were correlated with the survival of PMEC patients. Lymph node metastasis was an independent predictor of OS (HR, 0.080; P = 0.029) and PFS (HR, 0.090; P = 0. 004). A higher tumor histological grade indicated a more aggressive behavior. Patients who had undergone complete resection for PMEC without any lymph node metastasis were expected to be cured. PMID:25400760

Jiang, Li; Li, Pengfei; Xiao, Zizheng; Qiu, Huijuan; Zhang, Xinke; Xiao, Yongbo; Zhang, Bei

2014-01-01

281

Time Presenter Title of presentation 13:00-13:15 Sara-Elizabeth Jean Risk factors for cutaneous melanoma  

E-print Network

melanoma 13:15-13:30 Ross Avery Mammographic screening for the secondary prevention of breast cancer linkage methods in epidemiological research 16:00-16:15 Angela Bucatel Prostate cancer risk factors EPIB Utility of MRI in detecting breast cancer 14:00-14:15 Myriam Chevarie-Davis Genetic abnormalities leading

Barthelat, Francois

282

Clinical course, costs and predictive factors for response to treatment in carpal tunnel syndrome: the PALMS study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy of the upper limb and a significant contributor to hand functional impairment and disability. Effective treatment options include conservative and surgical interventions, however it is not possible at present to predict the outcome of treatment. The primary aim of this study is to identify which baseline clinical factors predict a good outcome from conservative treatment (by injection) or surgery in patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. Secondary aims are to describe the clinical course and progression of CTS, and to describe and predict the UK cost of CTS to the individual, National Health Service (NHS) and society over a two year period. Methods/Design In this prospective observational cohort study patients presenting with clinical signs and symptoms typical of CTS and in whom the diagnosis is confirmed by nerve conduction studies are invited to participate. Data on putative predictive factors are collected at baseline and follow-up through patient questionnaires and include standardised measures of symptom severity, hand function, psychological and physical health, comorbidity and quality of life. Resource use and cost over the 2 year period such as prescribed medications, NHS and private healthcare contacts are also collected through patient self-report at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. The primary outcome used to classify treatment success or failures will be a 5-point global assessment of change. Secondary outcomes include changes in clinical symptoms, functioning, psychological health, quality of life and resource use. A multivariable model of factors which predict outcome and cost will be developed. Discussion This prospective cohort study will provide important data on the clinical course and UK costs of CTS over a two-year period and begin to identify predictive factors for treatment success from conservative and surgical interventions. PMID:24507749

2014-01-01

283

Prognosis of constipation: clinical factors and colonic transit time  

PubMed Central

Background: Measurement of colonic transit time (CTT) is sometimes used in the evaluation of patients with chronic constipation. Aim: To investigate the relation between symptoms and CTT, and to assess the importance of symptoms and CTT in predicting outcome. Methods: Between 1995 and 2000, 169 consecutive patients (median age 8.4 years, 65% boys) fulfilling the criteria for constipation were enrolled. During the intervention and follow up period, all kept a diary to record symptoms. CTT was measured at entry to the study. Results: At entry, defecation frequency was lower in girls than in boys, while the frequency of encopresis episodes was higher in boys. CTT values were significantly higher in those with a low defecation frequency (?1/week) and a high frequency of encopresis (?2/day). However, 50% had CTT values within the normal range. Successful outcome occurred more often in those with a rectal impaction. CTT results <100 hours were not predictive of outcome. However, those with CTT >100 hours were less likely to have had a successful outcome. Conclusion: The presence of a rectal impaction at presentation is associated with a better outcome at one year. A CTT >100 hours is associated with a poor outcome at one year. PMID:15269069

de Lorijn, F; van Wijk, M P; Reitsma, J; van Ginkel, R; Taminiau, J; Benninga, M

2004-01-01

284

Daily Mean Temperature and Clinical Kidney Stone Presentation in Five U.S. Metropolitan Areas: A Time-Series Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background: High ambient temperatures are a risk factor for nephrolithiasis, but the precise relationship between temperature and kidney stone presentation is unknown. Objectives: Our objective was to estimate associations between mean daily temperature and kidney stone presentation according to lag time and temperatures. Methods: Using a time-series design and distributed lag nonlinear models, we estimated the relative risk (RR) of kidney stone presentation associated with mean daily temperatures, including cumulative RR for a 20-day period, and RR for individual daily lags through 20 days. Our analysis used data from the MarketScan Commercial Claims database for 60,433 patients who sought medical evaluation or treatment of kidney stones from 2005–2011 in the U.S. cities of Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; Dallas, Texas; Los Angeles, California; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Results: Associations between mean daily temperature and kidney stone presentation were not monotonic, and there was variation in the exposure–response curve shapes and the strength of associations at different temperatures. However, in most cases RRs increased for temperatures above the reference value of 10°C. The cumulative RR for a daily mean temperature of 30°C versus 10°C was 1.38 in Atlanta (95% CI: 1.07, 1.79), 1.37 in Chicago (95% CI: 1.07, 1.76), 1.36 in Dallas (95% CI: 1.10, 1.69), 1.11 in Los Angeles (95% CI: 0.73, 1.68), and 1.47 in Philadelphia (95% CI: 1.00, 2.17). Kidney stone presentations also were positively associated with temperatures < 2°C in Atlanta, and < 10°C in Chicago and Philadelphia. In four cities, the strongest association between kidney stone presentation and a daily mean temperature of 30°C versus 10°C was estimated for lags of ? 3 days. Conclusions: In general, kidney stone presentations increased with higher daily mean temperatures, with the strongest associations estimated for lags of only a few days. These findings further support an adverse effect of high temperatures on nephrolithiasis. Citation: Tasian GE, Pulido JE, Gasparrini A, Saigal CS, Horton BP, Landis JR, Madison R, Keren R, for the Urologic Diseases in America Project. 2014. Daily mean temperature and clinical kidney stone presentation in five U.S. metropolitan areas: a time-series analysis. Environ Health Perspect 122:1081–1087;?http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307703 PMID:25009122

Pulido, Jose E.; Gasparrini, Antonio; Saigal, Christopher S.; Horton, Benjamin P.; Landis, J. Richard; Madison, Rodger; Keren, Ron

2014-01-01

285

Meeting report: present state of molecular genetics in clinical laboratories. Report on the VII European Symposium on Clinical Laboratory and In Vitro Diagnostic Industry in Barcelona.  

PubMed

Abstract The VII European Symposium of the Clinical Laboratory and In Vitro Diagnostic Industry, co-organized between the Catalan Association for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (ACCLC) and the Catalan Society of Biology, was held on May 28th-29th, 2013 in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) under the IFCC auspices and the IUPAC sponsorship. The subject of the present Symposium was "Molecular Genetics in the Clinical Laboratory" and began with an opening conference that was a stroll through the history of molecular genetics in the context of the clinical laboratory. The scientific program was structured in several 2-h length roundtables that dealt with the following topics: recent advances in molecular genetics for clinical microbiology, latest evidences and real applicability of pharmacogenetics in the clinical practice, quality assurance of a molecular genetics laboratory, and latest trends in prenatal genetic diagnosis. The aim of the Symposium was the discussion of the transformation that molecular genetics has generated on clinical laboratories in terms of organization, specialization, interpretation of results and fast technical and knowledge evolution. High-qualified professionals from several countries together with in-country experts formed the roundtables. Attendants participated actively in the debates, increasing the overall interest. PMID:25296673

Padró-Miquel, Ariadna; Candás-Estébanez, Beatriz

2015-02-01

286

Risk factors associated with exertional medial tibial pain: a 12 month prospective clinical study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate in a military setting the potential role of intrinsic biomechanical and anthropometric risk factors for, and the incidence of, exertional medial tibial pain (EMTP). Methods: A prospective clinical outcome study in a cohort of 122 men and 36 women at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Each cadet underwent measurements of seven intrinsic variables: hip range of motion, leg length discrepancy, lean calf girth, maximum ankle dorsiflexion range, foot type, rear foot alignment, and tibial alignment. Test–retest reliability was undertaken on each variable. A physician recorded any cadet presenting with diagnostic criteria of EMTP. Records were analysed at 12 months for EMTP presentation and for military fitness test results. Results: 23 cadets (12 men, 11 women) met the criteria for EMTP after 12 months, with a cross gender (F/M) odds ratio of 3.1. In men, both internal and external range of hip motion was greater in those with EMTP: left internal (12°, p = 0.000), right internal (8°, p = 0.014), left external (8°, p = 0.042), right external (9°, p = 0.026). Lean calf girth was lower by 4.2% for the right leg (p = 0.040) but by only 2.9% for the left leg (p = 0.141). No intrinsic risk factor was associated with EMTP in women. EMTP was the major cause for non-completion of the run component of the ADFA fitness test in both men and women. Conclusions: Greater internal and external hip range of motion and lower lean calf girth were associated with EMTP in male military cadets. Women had high rates of injury, although no intrinsic factor was identified. Reasons for this sex difference need to be identified. PMID:15273181

Burne, S; Khan, K; Boudville, P; Mallet, R; Newman, P; Steinman, L; Thornton, E

2004-01-01

287

Patient characteristics upon initial presentation to chiropractic teaching clinics: A descriptive study conducted at one university  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to compare demographics and chief complaints of the new patient population at our institution's fee-for-service clinics to the patient population of practicing chiropractors in the United States. We also compared the prevalence of obesity and hypertension to reference standards for the adult population. Methods Patient data were obtained from the electronic health records. All records identified as new patients during October 2013 were included. Variables of interest were clinic site, patient demographics, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), chief complaint, and ICD-9 codes. Descriptive statistics were computed and compared to reference standards from previous reports. Results During October 2013, there were 224 new patients that entered the clinics. The average patient was a 31- to 50-year-old white male. Our clinic patients differed from those seen by US chiropractors in the distribution of all demographic variables. For adult patients, 31.4% were overweight, 29% were obese, and 8% stage 1 or 2 hypertension. Conclusion New patients in the fee-for-service teaching clinics appear to be dissimilar to those of US practicing chiropractors in several important demographics, characteristics, and types of complaints. The new patients had lower levels of overweight, obesity, and hypertension compared to US reference standards. PMID:25162982

Kaeser, Martha A.; Hawk, Cheryl; Anderson, Michelle

2014-01-01

288

Patient characteristics upon initial presentation to chiropractic teaching clinics: A descriptive study conducted at one university.  

PubMed

Objective : The purpose of this study was to compare demographics and chief complaints of the new patient population at our institution's fee-for-service clinics to the patient population of practicing chiropractors in the United States. We also compared the prevalence of obesity and hypertension to reference standards for the adult population. Methods : Patient data were obtained from the electronic health records. All records identified as new patients during October 2013 were included. Variables of interest were clinic site, patient demographics, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), chief complaint, and ICD-9 codes. Descriptive statistics were computed and compared to reference standards from previous reports. Results : During October 2013, there were 224 new patients that entered the clinics. The average patient was a 31- to 50-year-old white male. Our clinic patients differed from those seen by US chiropractors in the distribution of all demographic variables. For adult patients, 31.4% were overweight, 29% were obese, and 8% stage 1 or 2 hypertension. Conclusion : New patients in the fee-for-service teaching clinics appear to be dissimilar to those of US practicing chiropractors in several important demographics, characteristics, and types of complaints. The new patients had lower levels of overweight, obesity, and hypertension compared to US reference standards. PMID:25162982

Kaeser, Martha A; Hawk, Cheryl; Anderson, Michelle

2014-10-01

289

Topoisomerase I inhibitors: the relevance of prolonged exposure for present clinical development.  

PubMed Central

Topoisomerase I inhibitors constitute a new class of anti-cancer agents. Recently, topotecan and irinotecan were registered for clinical use in ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer respectively. Cytotoxicity of topoisomerase I inhibitors is S-phase specific, and in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that, for efficacy, prolonged exposure might be more important than short-term exposure to high concentration. Clinical development of those topoisomerase I inhibitors that have reached this stage is also focused on schedules aiming to achieve prolonged exposure. In this review, we summarize all published preclinical studies on this topic for topoisomerase I inhibitors in clinical development, namely 20-S-camptothecin, 9-nitro-camptothecin, 9-amino-camptothecin, topotecan, irinotecan and GI147211. In addition, preliminary data on clinical studies concerning this topic are also reviewed. The data suggest that prolonged exposure may indeed be relevant for anti-tumour activity. However, the optimal schedule is yet to be determined. Finally, clinical data are yet too immature to draw definitive conclusions. PMID:9328159

Gerrits, C. J.; de Jonge, M. J.; Schellens, J. H.; Stoter, G.; Verweij, J.

1997-01-01

290

Risk Factors Associated with Clinical Mastitis in Low Somatic Cell Count British Dairy Herds  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-sectional survey of dairy farms with low bulk milk somatic cell counts was carried out to assess the level of clinical mastitis and to quantify risk factors associated with the incidence rate of clinical mastitis. Questionnaires were sent to 3009 milk operations with an annual mean bulk milk somatic cell count of less than 100,000 cells\\/ml during 1997. A

E. J. Peeler; M. J. Green; J. L. Fitzpatrick; K. L. Morgan; L. E. Green

2000-01-01

291

Three Patients With Lafora Disease: Different Clinical Presentations and a Novel Mutation.  

PubMed

Lafora disease is a rare, fatal, autosomal recessive hereditary disease characterized by epilepsy, myoclonus and progressive neurological deterioration. Diagnosis is made by polyglucosan inclusion bodies (Lafora bodies) shown in skin biopsy. Responsible mutations of Lafora disease involves either the EPM2A or NHLRC1 (EPM2B) gene. Mutations in the NHLRC1 gene are described as having a more benign clinical course and a later age of death compared with EPM2A mutations. We report 2 genetic mutations and clinical courses of Lafora disease in 3 adolescents with homozygote NHLRC1 mutation and novel homozygous EPM2A mutation. PMID:25015673

Poyrazo?lu, Hatice Gamze; Karaca, Emin; Per, Hüseyin; Gümüs, Hakan; Onay, Huseyin; Canpolat, Mehmet; Canöz, Ozlem; Ozk?nay, Ferda; Kumandas, Sefer

2014-07-10

292

Factors related to discontinued clinic attendance by patients with podoconiosis in southern Ethiopia: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Podoconiosis is a lymphoedema of non-infectious cause which results in long-term ill health in affected individuals. Simple, effective treatment is available in certain parts of Ethiopia, but evidence indicates that not all patients continue collecting treatment supplies from clinic sites once started. We used qualitative techniques to explore factors related to discontinued attendance at outreach clinics of a non-government organization in southern Ethiopia. Methods A cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted in four clinic sites through unstructured in-depth interviews, key informant interviews and focus group discussions with the involvement of 88 study subjects. Results Discontinuation of clinic visits is common among podoconiosis patients. The reasons were: remoteness from the clinic sites, unrealistic expectation of ‘special’ aid, worry about increasing stigma, illness and misconceptions about treatment. Conclusions Several of these factors are remediable through community and individual information and education. Appropriate routes to deliver this information must be identified. Certain factors (such as distance to clinic sites and stigma) require substantial expansion of services or liaison with village-level government health services. PMID:23095311

2012-01-01

293

Factors of the Lectin Pathway of Complement Activation and Their Clinical Associations in Neonates  

PubMed Central

This paper summarizes the data concerning soluble defense lectins (mannan-binding lectin, M-ficolin, L-ficolin, and H-ficolin) with the unique ability to activate complement and their associated serine proteases (MASPs) in neonates. The clinical importance of deficiencies of these immune factors is presented in aspects of perinatal mortality, premature births, and low birthweight. Prenatal serum concentrations of L-ficolin, H-ficolin, and MASP-2 (and probably M-ficolin) correlate with gestational age and birthweight. The relationship of serum MBL to gestational age is controversial. The MBL2 genotypes XA/O and O/O (associated with low-serum MBL) are associated with perinatal infections, whereas the high serum MBL-conferring A/A genotypes may be associated with prematurity. Low-serum L-ficolin concentrations, but not low-serum H-ficolin concentrations, are also associated with perinatal infections. Much of the literature is inconsistent, and the relationships reported so far require independent confirmation at both gene and protein levels. Our preliminary conclusion is that these soluble defense lectins play a protective role in the neonate, and that insufficiency of such factors contributes to the adverse consequences of prematurity and low birthweight. PMID:22619494

Cedzynski, Maciej; Swierzko, Anna St.; Kilpatrick, David C.

2012-01-01

294

Host Factors and HIV-1 Replication: Clinical Evidence and Potential Therapeutic Approaches  

PubMed Central

HIV and human defense mechanisms have co-evolved to counteract each other. In the process of infection, HIV takes advantage of cellular machinery and blocks the action of the host restriction factors (RF). A small subset of HIV+ individuals control HIV infection and progression to AIDS in the absence of treatment. These individuals known as long-term non-progressors (LNTPs) exhibit genetic and immunological characteristics that confer upon them an efficient resistance to infection and/or disease progression. The identification of some of these host factors led to the development of therapeutic approaches that attempted to mimic the natural control of HIV infection. Some of these approaches are currently being tested in clinical trials. While there are many genes which carry mutations and polymorphisms associated with non-progression, this review will be specifically focused on HIV host RF including both the main chemokine receptors and chemokines as well as intracellular RF including, APOBEC, TRIM, tetherin, and SAMHD1. The understanding of molecular profiles and mechanisms present in LTNPs should provide new insights to control HIV infection and contribute to the development of novel therapies against AIDS. PMID:24167505

Santa-Marta, Mariana; de Brito, Paula Matos; Godinho-Santos, Ana; Goncalves, Joao

2013-01-01

295

Epidemiology of chronic (perennial) rhinitis in Singapore: prevalence estimates, demographic variation and clinical allergic presentation.  

PubMed

We conducted a population-based study involving a stratified cluster disproportionate random sample of 2868 adults aged 20 to 74 years selected from five housing estates (Yishun, Toa Payoh, Jurong East, Geylang/Eunos and Bukit Merah). Chronic rhinitis was defined as the usual presence of symptoms of blocked or running nose, apart from colds or the flu, lasting for more than a year. Allergic rhinitis was considered to be present if these symptoms were associated with conjunctivitis or recognisable provocation by commonly known allergens, namely house dust, dogs, cats, birds, pollen, or medicines. The estimated general population prevalence of chronic rhinitis was 10.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 8.8-12.7). Higher prevalences were noted in males, in younger adults, in Indians and Chinese, in those with higher socio-economic status, and in Toa Payoh, Jurong East and Geylang/Eunos. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 5.5% (95% CI 4.5-6.5). The most common 'allergenic' factor in allergic rhinitis was house dust (73%); provocation by birds, cats or dogs (5%), grass or tree pollens (5%), and medicine (5%) was less common but likely to have been under-recognised. Provocation by change in temperature (54%) and early in the morning (64%) was equally frequent in both 'allergic' and 'non-allergic' rhinitis; cigarette smoke, petrol and diesel fumes, food and work environment were less common (4-12%). Allergic rhinitis was highly significantly associated with asthma (13.9% in allergic rhinitis, 4.4% in non-allergic rhinitis, and 2.2% in non-rhinitic subjects). PMID:8185279

Ng, T P; Tan, W C

1994-01-01

296

[Clinical and biological prognostic factors in 135 patients affected by sinonasal carcinoma treated in Piedmont].  

PubMed

Clinical and biological prognostic factors in 135 patients affected by sinonasal carcinoma treated in Piedmont. Long-term survival of patients with sinonasal carcinoma remains disappointing in spite of aggressive treatment. The aim of the study is the assessment of overall survival in a group of patients treated with a fixed protocol and the positivity of proliferation and neoangiogenesis markers (Ki-67 and VEGF). From our data it comes out that staging, histological type and treatment are the most important clinical and pathological prognostic factors, moreover surgery +/- radiotherapy is the first line treatment for these tumors. Proliferation index and neoangiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the natural history of such neoplasms. PMID:23393815

Raimondo, L; Garzaro, M; Naqe, N; Zanardi, F; Lauria, A; Pecorari, G; Giordano, C

2011-01-01

297

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia in a Multiethnic Urban Outpatient Clinic: Initial Presentation and Treatment Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies examine the effectiveness of panic control treatment across diverse ethnic groups. In this paper we present data on 40 patients (African American, n = 24; Caucasian, n = 16) with panic disorder and comorbid agoraphobia who presented at an anxiety disorder clinic in an inner-city area. On initial assessment both groups were similar on…

Friedman, Steven; Braunstein, Jeffrey W.; Halpern, Beth

2006-01-01

298

Comparison of clinical findings between intensity-windowed versus CLAHE presentation of chest CT images  

E-print Network

-7510 ABSTRACT We are investigating how radiologist's readings of standard intensity windowed (IW) chest Computed detection of computer generated targets in medical images. Our study is designed to evaluate CLAHE when applied to clinical material and to compare the diagnostic information perceived by the radiologists from

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

299

Does comorbid Social Anxiety Disorder impact the clinical presentation of principal Major Depressive Disorder?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAlthough previous research has examined comorbidity in principal Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), few studies have examined the disorders for which those with comorbid SAD seek treatment. Further, studies have shown that depressive disorders often are associated with SAD, but few have examined the clinical characteristics of patients with this particular comorbidity.

Kristy L. Dalrymple; Mark Zimmerman

2007-01-01

300

Clinical quiz: A pediatric case presenting with fever and diffuse myalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a multisystem disease characterized by recurrent polyserositis episodes seen in certain ethnic groups. In recent years the clinical picture of FMF has been expanded and severe myalgia is a frequently recognized component of the syndrome. Protracted febrile myalgia syndrome (PFMS), characterized by severe paralyzing myalgia, high fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, arthritis\\/arthralgia, and transient vasculitic rashes

Alper Soylu; Ye?im ?ztürk; Belde Kasap; Nilüfer Akman; Mehmet Türkmen; Salih Kavukçu

2005-01-01

301

Regional differences in incidence and clinical presentation of type 1 diabetes in children aged under 15 years in Croatia  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine regional differences in the incidence, incidence trends, and clinical presentation of type 1 diabetes in children under the age of 15 years in Croatia in a 9-year period (1995-2003). Methods We included the patients who had been diagnosed with the disease and had started the insulin treatment before they were 15 years old. Regional differences between eastern, central, and southern Croatia were observed. The gross incidence was expressed by the number of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patients in 100?000 children of the same age and sex per year, ie, for the 0-14 age group, and for the 0-4, 5-9, and 10-14 subgroups. Results The highest incidence was observed in southern Croatia (10.91 per 100?000/y) and the lowest in central Croatia (8.64 per 100?000/y), and in eastern Croatia the incidence was 8.93 per 100?000/y. All three regions showed a growing incidence trend, which was significant only in eastern and southern Croatia. There was 35.9% of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis in eastern Croatia, 41.7% in central Croatia, and 31.3% in southern Croatia. Conclusion Croatian regions show differences in the incidence, incidence trends, and disease presentation of type 1 diabetes. A further follow-up is needed to establish whether the regional differences are a consequence of the population dynamics in the observed period or they will continue to exist, pointing to differences in environmental risk factors. PMID:22522992

Stipan?i?, Gordana; La Grasta Saboli?, Lavinia; Požgaj Šepec, Marija; Radica, Ana; Skrabi?, Veselin; Severinski, Sre?ko; Kujundži? Tiljak, Mirjana

2012-01-01

302

The Diagnostic Value of Clinical Symptoms in Women and Men Presenting with Chest Pain at the Emergency Department, a Prospective Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies suggested that diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD) is more difficult in women than in men. Studies investigating the predictive value of clinical signs and symptoms and compare its combined diagnostic value between women and men are lacking. Methodology Data from a large multicenter prospective study was used. Patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain but without ST-elevation were eligible. The endpoint was proven CAD, defined as a significant stenosis at angiography or the diagnosis of a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death within six weeks after presentation at the ED. Twelve clinical symptoms and seven cardiovascular risk factors were collected. Potential predictors of CAD with a p-value <0.15 in the univariable analysis were included in a multivariable model. The diagnostic value of clinical symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors was quantified in women and men separately and areas under the curve (AUC) were compared between sexes. Results A total of 2433 patients were included. We excluded 102 patients (4%) with either an incomplete follow up or ST-elevation. Of the remaining 2331 patients 43% (1003) were women. CAD was present in 111 (11%) women and 278 (21%) men. In women 11 out of 12 and in men 10 out of 12 clinical symptoms were univariably associated with CAD. The AUC of symptoms alone was 0.74 (95%CI: 0.69-0.79) in women and 0.71 (95%CI: 0.68-0.75) in men and increased to respectively 0.79 (95%CI: 0.74-0.83) in women versus 0.75 (95%CI: 0.72-0.78) in men after adding cardiovascular risk factors. The AUCs of women and men were not significantly different (p-value symptoms alone: 0.45, after adding cardiovascular risk factors: 0.11). Conclusion The diagnostic value of clinical symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors for the diagnosis of CAD in chest pain patients presenting on the ED was high in women and men. No significant differences were found between sexes. PMID:25590466

van der Meer, Manon G.; Backus, Barbra E.; van der Graaf, Yolanda; Cramer, Maarten J.; Appelman, Yolande; Doevendans, Pieter A.; Six, A. Jacob; Nathoe, Hendrik M.

2015-01-01

303

[A clinical case of progressive supranuclear palsy with long-term frontal presentation preceding the onset of gaze palsy].  

PubMed

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative disorder with diverse clinical phenotypes characterized by supranuclear gaze palsy, parkinsonism with postural instability, and frontal dementia. The early and accurate diagnosis of PSP remains difficult because of the variable combination of symptoms and frequent lack of gaze abnormalities early in the disease course. Moreover, a subset of PSP shows behavioral changes as the initial presentation, which considerably overlaps with the clinical picture of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Thus, this subgroup possibly needs psychiatric assessments. Here, we describe a clinical case of PSP difficult to differentiate from FTD because the frontal presentation persisted without gaze palsy until the late stage of the clinical course. A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for the reconsideration of a diagnosis of FTD. Disinhibited and gambling behaviors inconsistent with his previous personality first appeared at around the age of 45, with gradual progression, followed by memory deficits, executive dysfunction, and a slowing of mental processes. Recurrent sexual disinhibition led him to undergo psychiatric consultation at the age of 57. Downward gaze palsy and postural instability with recurrent falls emerged 8 months after the first psychiatric examination, and he was clinically diagnosed with PSP 13 years after the initial frontal presentation. PSP should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with frontal lobe symptoms, even in psychiatric practice. PMID:24992742

Yoshiike, Takuya; Ueda, Satoshi; Takahashi, Masahiko; Suda, Kiyoko; Furuta, Ko; Koyama, Keiko

2014-01-01

304

Garlic powder intake and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Although preclinical studies suggest that garlic has potential preventive effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, clinical trials and reports from systematic reviews or meta-analyses present inconsistent results. The contradiction might be attributed to variations in the manufacturing process that can markedly influence the composition of garlic products. To investigate this issue further, we performed a meta-analysis of the effects of garlic powder on CVD risk factors. MATERIALS/METHODS We searched PubMed, Cochrane, Science Direct and EMBASE through May 2014. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed on 22 trials reporting total cholesterol (TC), 17 trials reporting LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), 18 trials reporting HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), 4 trials reporting fasting blood glucose (FBG), 9 trials reporting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 10 trials reporting diastolic blood pressure (DBP). RESULTS The overall garlic powder intake significantly reduced blood TC and LDL-C by -0.41 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.69, -0.12) (-15.83 mg/dL [95% CI, -26.64, -4.63]) and -0.21 mmol/L (95% CI, -0.40, -0.03) (-8.11 mg/dL [95% CI, -15.44, -1.16]), respectively. The mean difference in the reduction of FBG levels was -0.96 mmol/L (95% CI, -1.91, -0.01) (-17.30 mg/dL [95% CI, -34.41, -0.18]). Evidence for SBP and DBP reduction in the garlic supplementation group was also demonstrated by decreases of -4.34 mmHg (95% CI, -8.38, -0.29) and -2.36 mmHg (95% CI, -4.56, -0.15), respectively. CONCLUSIONS This meta-analysis provides consistent evidence that garlic powder intake reduces the CVD risk factors of TC, LDL-C, FBG and BP. PMID:25489404

Kwak, Jin Sook; Kim, Ji Yeon; Paek, Ju Eun; Lee, You Jin; Kim, Haeng-Ran; Park, Dong-Sik

2014-01-01

305

A review of central retinal artery occlusion: clinical presentation and management  

PubMed Central

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmic emergency and the ocular analogue of cerebral stroke. Best evidence reflects that over three-quarters of patients suffer profound acute visual loss with a visual acuity of 20/400 or worse. This results in a reduced functional capacity and quality of life. There is also an increased risk of subsequent cerebral stroke and ischaemic heart disease. There are no current guideline-endorsed therapies, although the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has been investigated in two randomized controlled trials. This review will describe the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical features of CRAO, and discuss current and future treatments, including the use of tPA in further clinical trials. PMID:23470793

Varma, D D; Cugati, S; Lee, A W; Chen, C S

2013-01-01

306

Combined methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinuria, cblC type. I. Clinical presentations, diagnosis and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combined methylmalonic acidemia and homocystinuria, cblC type, is an inborn error of intracellular cobalamin metabolism with\\u000a a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations that is stated to be the most common inherited disorder of cobalamin metabolism.\\u000a This metabolic disease is caused by mutations in the MMACHC gene and results in impaired intracellular synthesis of adenosylcobalamin and methylcobalamin, cofactors for the methylmalonyl-CoA

Nuria Carrillo-Carrasco; Randy J. Chandler; Charles P. Venditti

307

Maternal Rejection of the Young Child: Present Status of the Clinical Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship involving emotional rejection of the infant in the first year of its life. Infants exposed to their mother’s hatred and rage may suffer far-ranging and long-term disadvantages, and are at risk of maltreatment. Diagnosis, therapy and research have been hampered by the lack of recognition of this clinical syndrome in the

Ian Brockington

2011-01-01

308

Clinical Trial Updates and Hotline Sessions presented at the Scientific Session 2007 of the American heart association  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides information and commentaries on trials which were presented at Clinical Trial Updates and Hotline Sessions\\u000a presented at the Scientific Sessions 2007 of the American Heart Association in Orlando, Florida. The comprehensive summaries\\u000a have been generated from the oral presentations and the webcasts of the American Heart Association. Most reports have not\\u000a been published as full papers and

Ulrich Laufs; Holger Nef; Helge Möllmann; Florian Custodis; Michael Böhm

2008-01-01

309

Chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy presenting in middle or old age: a clinical and electrophysiological study of 75 patients.  

PubMed Central

The clinical and electrophysiological features were prospectively studied of 75 patients (46 men and 29 women) with chronic polyneuropathy presenting in middle or old age in whom a diagnosis could not be made even after extensive evaluation and a follow up of six months. The mean age at the onset of symptoms was 56.5 years. The clinical features of chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy are heterogeneous. On clinical grounds 44 patients had a sensorimotor, 29 patients a sensory, and two patients a motor polyneuropathy. The overall clinical course in chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy was slowly progressive. None of the patients became severely disabled. Electrophysiological and nerve biopsy studies were compatible with an axonal polyneuropathy. Antibodies against myelin associated glycoprotein, gangliosides, and sulphatides were assessed in 70 patients and found to be negative. PMID:7691991

Notermans, N C; Wokke, J H; Franssen, H; van der Graaf, Y; Vermeulen, M; van den Berg, L H; Bär, P R; Jennekens, F G

1993-01-01

310

Clinical presentation and surgical management of dissecting posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: 2 case reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intracranial dissection presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) most commonly involves the vertebral artery. The natural history of this lesion suggests frequent early rehemorrhage and need for urgent treatment. Isolated dissection of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is very rare.We present 2 cases of isolated PICA dissections presenting with SAH. Both patients were middle-aged men who presented with transient loss

Nicholas M. Wetjen; Michael J. Link; Ronald Reimer; Douglas A. Nichols; Caterina Giannini

2005-01-01

311

Gastroduodenal artery aneurysm, diagnosis, clinical presentation and management: a concise review  

PubMed Central

Gastroduodenal artery (GDA) aneurysms are rare but a potentially fatal condition if rupture occurs. They represent about 1.5% of all visceral artery (VAA) aneurysms and are divided into true and pseudoaneurysms depending on the etiologic factors underlying their development. Atherosclerosis and pancreatitis are the two most common risk factors. Making the diagnosis can be complex and often requires the use of Computed Tomography and angiography. The later adds the advantage of being a therapeutic option to prevent or stop bleeding. If this fails, surgery is still regarded as the standard for accomplishing a definite treatment. PMID:23587203

2013-01-01

312

Factors Influencing Electronic Clinical Information Exchange in Small Medical Group Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the organizational factors that influence electronic health information exchange (HIE) by medical group practices in rural areas. Methods: A purposive sample of 8 small medical group practices in 3 experimental HIE regions were interviewed to determine the extent of clinical information exchange…

Kralewski, John E.; Zink, Therese; Boyle, Raymond

2012-01-01

313

Poststroke Shoulder Pain in Turkish Stroke Patients: Relationship with Clinical Factors and Functional Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to assess the possible causes of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) in Turkish patients with stroke, to identify the correlation between HSP and clinical factors, and to review the effects of HSP on functional outcomes. A total of 187 consecutive patients with stroke were evaluated for the presence of HSP and for the…

Barlak, Aysegul; Unsal, Sibel; Kaya, Kurtulus; Sahin-Onat, Sule; Ozel, Sumru

2009-01-01

314

Patient and Clinical Site Factors Associated with Rescreening Behavior Among Older Multiethnic, Low-Income Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Our goal was to identify factors predictive of mammography rescreening within 18 months of baseline screening in multiethnic, low-income older women. Design and Methods: We interviewed a cross-sectional survey of staff of 102 randomly selected clinics that provided screening and diagnostic services. We also surveyed a random sample of 391…

Fox, Patrick; Arnsberger, Pamela; Owens, Desi; Nussey, Brenda; Zhang, Xiluan; Golding, Jacqueline M.; Tabnak, Farzaneh; Otero-Sabogal, Regina

2004-01-01

315

Prognostic Factors Affecting the Clinical Outcome of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Head and Neck  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an uncommon tumor, constituting approxi- mately 10% of all head and neck tumors. Classically, ACC has been described as a tumor with indolent, but persistent and recurrent, growth and late onset of metastases, leading even- tually to death. This study assessed the prognostic factors affecting the clinical outcome in patients with ACC in the

Yoon Ho Ko; Myung Ah Lee; Yeong Seon Hong; Kyung Shik Lee; Chan-Kwon Jung; Yeon Sil Kim

316

Retrospective analysis of demographic and clinical factors associated with etiology of febrile respiratory illness among US military basic trainees.  

PubMed

BackgroundBasic trainees in the US military have historically been vulnerable to respiratory infections. Adenovirus and influenza are the most common etiological agents responsible for febrile respiratory illness (FRI) among trainees and present with similar clinical signs and symptoms. Identifying demographic and clinical factors associated with the primary viral pathogens causing FRI epidemics among trainees will help improve differential diagnosis and allow for appropriate distribution of antiviral medications. The objective of this study was to determine what demographic and clinical factors are associated with influenza and adenovirus among military trainees.MethodsSpecimens were systematically collected from military trainees meeting FRI case definition (fever ¿38.0 °C with either cough or sore throat; or provider-diagnosed pneumonia) at eight basic training centers in the USA. PCR and/or cell culture testing for respiratory pathogens were performed on specimens. Interviewer-administered questionnaires collected information on patient demographic and clinical factors. Polychotomous logistic regression was employed to assess the association between these factors and FRI outcome categories: laboratory-confirmed adenovirus, influenza, or other FRI. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value were calculated for individual predictors and clinical combinations of predictors.ResultsAmong 21,570 FRI cases sampled between 2004 and 2009, 63.6% were laboratory-confirmed adenovirus cases and 6.6% were laboratory-confirmed influenza cases. Subjects were predominantly young men (86.8% men; mean age 20.8¿±¿3.8 years) from Fort Jackson (18.8%), Great Lakes (17.1%), Fort Leonard Wood (16.3%), Marine Corps Recruit Depot (MCRD) San Diego (19.0%), Fort Benning (13.3%), Lackland (7.5%), MCRD Parris Island (8.7%), and Cape May (3.2%). The best multivariate predictors of adenovirus were the combination of sore throat (odds ratio [OR], 2.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.66¿3.25), cough (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 2.11¿2.57), and fever (OR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.90¿2.26) with a PPV of 77% (p¿¿¿.05). A combination of cough, fever, training week 0¿2 and acute onset were most predictive of influenza (PPV =38%; p¿¿¿.05).ConclusionsSpecific demographic and clinical factors were associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza and adenovirus among military trainees. Findings from this study can guide clinicians in the diagnosis and treatment of military trainees presenting with FRI. PMID:25475044

Padin, Damaris S; Faix, Dennis; Brodine, Stephanie; Lemus, Hector; Hawksworth, Anthony; Putnam, Shannon; Blair, Patrick

2014-12-01

317

Clinical Factors That Predict Successful Posterior Urethral Anastomosis With a Gracilis Muscle Flap  

PubMed Central

Purpose We evaluated the preoperative clinical factors that affect the surgical outcome of posterior urethral anastomosis (PUA) with a gracilis muscle flap (GMF) to determine which factors predict benefit from the use of the GMF. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 49 patients who underwent a delayed PUA with a GMF. A successful clinical outcome was defined as achieving a peak urinary flow rate greater than 15 mL/s at 3 and 12 months postoperatively without evidence of stricture recurrence on a retrograde urethrogram or cystourethroscopy at 3 months postoperatively. Multiple clinical factors were evaluated by use of univariate and multivariate analyses. Results The outcome of 21 of 49 patients (42.9%) was deemed successful. The mean age of the 49 patients was 37.2±13.5 years and the mean follow-up duration was 43.4±28.0 months. The length of the urethral defect was significantly shorter in patients with a successful outcome than in patients with an unsuccessful outcome (p=0.010). The outcome differed significantly depending on whether the patients had a previously successful urethroplasty (p=0.036) or whether they had suffered a pelvic bone injury (p=0.012). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that a previous urethroplasty was the only preoperative clinical factor that significantly affected the surgical outcome in PUA with a GMF (odds ratio, 0.218; 95% confidence interval, 0.050 to 0.947; p=0.042). Conclusions A history of previous urethroplasty is a preoperative clinical factor that significantly affects the surgical outcome in PUA with a GMF; the procedure is more likely to be successful in patients who have not previously undergone urethroplasty. PMID:24175047

Hwang, Jin Ho; Kang, Moon Hyung; Lee, Young Tae; Park, Dong Soo

2013-01-01

318

Clinical and electrophysiological features in a French family presenting with seipinopathy.  

PubMed

Seipinopathies are a group of inherited diseases affecting upper and lower motor neurons due to mutations in the Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 gene (BSCL2). We report a French family carrying the N88S mutation in the BSCL2 gene. A 12-yr-old girl complained of bilateral asymmetrical pes cavus with right hand motor deficit and amyotrophy, asymmetrical leg amyotrophy and pyramidal signs. Electrophysiological examination showed axonal asymmetrical motor neuropathy with distal predominance. Her father complained of right hand rest tremor with bilateral hand weakness. Physical examination revealed left leg, hand and forearm amyotrophy, akinesia and right arm rigidity, brisk reflexes in the lower limbs and bilateral Babinski sign. Nerve conduction studies showed distal asymmetrical axonal neuropathy with slight sensitive impairment with moderate decrease of nerve conduction velocity in some nerves. DNA sequencing revealed the presence of the known N88S mutation in the BSCL2 gene (dideoxy-nucleotide method on a 3730 DNA Analyzer, Life Technologies). BSCL2 gene mutations are associated with a wide spectrum of clinical and electrophysiological phenotypes and should be suspected in cases of distal hereditary motor neuropathy with pyramidal signs or early hand involvement. There may also be associated mild demyelination which may vary in severity within the same family. Clinical diagnosis was more difficult in this particular case due to the association with Parkinson symptoms. PMID:25454168

Ollivier, Yolaine; Magot, Armelle; Latour, Philippe; Perrier, Julie; Mercier, Sandra; Maisonobe, Thierry; Péréon, Yann

2015-02-01

319

Exome sequencing and directed clinical phenotyping diagnose cholesterol ester storage disease presenting as autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia  

PubMed Central

Objective Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia (ARH) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by extremely high total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels that has been previously linked to mutations in LDLRAP1. We identified a family with ARH not explained by mutations in LDLRAP1 or other genes known to cause monogenic hypercholesterolemia. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular etiology of ARH in this family. Approach and Results We used exome sequencing to assess all protein coding regions of the genome in three family members and identified a homozygous exon 8 splice junction mutation (c.894G>A, also known as E8SJM) in LIPA that segregated with the diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia. Since homozygosity for mutations in LIPA is known to cause cholesterol ester storage disease (CESD), we performed directed follow-up phenotyping by non-invasively measuring hepatic cholesterol content. We observed abnormal hepatic accumulation of cholesterol in the homozygote individuals, supporting the diagnosis of CESD. Given previous suggestions of cardiovascular disease risk in heterozygous LIPA mutation carriers, we genotyped E8SJM in >27,000 individuals and found no association with plasma lipid levels or risk of myocardial infarction, confirming a true recessive mode of inheritance. Conclusions By integrating observations from Mendelian and population genetics along with directed clinical phenotyping, we diagnosed clinically unapparent CESD in the affected individuals from this kindred and addressed an outstanding question regarding risk of cardiovascular disease in LIPA E8SJM heterozygous carriers. PMID:24072694

Stitziel, Nathan O.; Fouchier, Sigrid W.; Sjouke, Barbara; Peloso, Gina M.; Moscoso, Alessa M.; Auer, Paul L.; Goel, Anuj; Gigante, Bruna; Barnes, Timothy A.; Melander, Olle; Orho-Melander, Marju; Duga, Stefano; Sivapalaratnam, Suthesh; Nikpay, Majid; Martinelli, Nicola; Girelli, Domenico; Jackson, Rebecca D.; Kooperberg, Charles; Lange, Leslie A.; Ardissino, Diego; McPherson, Ruth; Farrall, Martin; Watkins, Hugh; Reilly, Muredach P.; Rader, Daniel J.; de Faire, Ulf; Schunkert, Heribert; Erdmann, Jeanette; Samani, Nilesh J.; Charnas, Lawrence; Altshuler, David; Gabriel, Stacey; Kastelein, John J.P.; Defesche, Joep C.; Nederveen, Aart J.; Kathiresan, Sekar; Hovingh, G. Kees

2014-01-01

320

Effect of Interval to Definitive Breast Surgery on Clinical Presentation and Survival in Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To examine the effect of clinical presentation and interval to breast surgery on local recurrence and survival in early-stage breast cancer. Methods and Materials: The data from 397 patients with Stage T1-T2N0 breast carcinoma treated with conservative surgery and breast radiotherapy between 1985 and 1992 were reviewed at the London Regional Cancer Program. The clinical presentation consisted of a mammogram finding or a palpable lump. The intervals from clinical presentation to definitive breast surgery used for analysis were 0-4, >4-12, and >12 weeks. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of the time to local recurrence, disease-free survival, and cause-specific survival were determined for the three groups. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the effect of clinical presentation and interval to definitive surgery on survival. Results: The median follow-up was 11.2 years. No statistically significant difference was found in local recurrence as a function of the interval to definitive surgery (p = .424). A significant difference was noted in disease-free survival (p = .040) and cause-specific survival (p = .006) with an interval of >12 weeks to definitive breast surgery. However, the interval to definitive surgery was dependent on the presentation for cause-specific survival, with a substantial effect for patients with a mammographic presentation and a negligible effect for patients with a lump presentation (interaction p = .041). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that an interval of >12 weeks to breast surgery might be associated with decreased survival for patients with a mammographic presentation, but it appeared to have no effect on survival for patients presenting with a palpable breast lump.

Vujovic, Olga, E-mail: olga.vujovic@lhsc.on.c [Department of Radiation Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada); Yu, Edward [Department of Radiation Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada); Cherian, Anil [Department of Medical Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada); Perera, Francisco; Dar, A. Rashid [Department of Radiation Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada); Stitt, Larry [Department of Biometry, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada); Hammond, A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, London, ON (Canada)

2009-11-01

321

Clinical presentation and outcome of mesenteric vein thrombosis: a single-center experience.  

PubMed

Mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is an uncommon event. We retrospectively analyzed data for patients who were admitted with MVT between June 2005 and May 2012 in Qatar. The study included 35 patients with a mean age of 45 ± 11 years. The risk of MVT was significantly high among males who smoked and females of Arab ethnicity. The main manifestations of MVT were abdominal distension and vomiting. The major etiological factors included deficiency in protein C and S, homocysteinemia, and prior abdominal surgery. Computed tomography (CT) findings were helpful in 80% of the patients. Bowel resection with primary anastomosis was performed in 25 (71%) patients. The overall mortality rate was 17%. High index of suspicion, detection of risk factors, CT imaging, and timely intervention are essential for better prognosis. PMID:24755695

Al-Thani, Hassan; El-Mabrok, Jamela; El-Menyar, Ayman; Al-Sulaiti, Marym; Tabeb, Abdel Hakem; Hajaji, Khairi; Elgohary, Hesham; Asim, Mohammad; Latifi, Rifat

2015-03-01

322

Chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome and nail changes: a review of clinical presentation, etiology, pathogenesis, and management.  

PubMed

Chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome and nail changes are common complications of many classic chemotherapeutic agents and the newer molecular targeted therapies. They significantly impact patient quality of life, and frequently necessitate chemotherapy dose intensity modification or reduction. We aim to describe the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and current evidence-based treatment options for these entities. PMID:24795111

Miller, Kristen K; Gorcey, Loren; McLellan, Beth N

2014-10-01

323

Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen: review of clinical presentation and diagnostic methods.  

PubMed

We describe a 91-year-old woman with a clinical history of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast diagnosed in 1991 who was admitted because of dizziness, poor appetite, and some swelling and tenderness over her cheeks. The patient's initial work up revealed a 5-cm well-demarcated hypodense solid lesion in her spleen with abnormally intense uptake on PET/CT scan raising suspicion for malignancy i.e. breast metastasis versus lymphoma. Further review demonstrated the presence of this splenic lesion, though slightly smaller, on a CT scan from ten years earlier (2000). An ultrasonographic guided core needle splenic biopsy was performed and the pathology result revealed histological findings compatible with inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen. As a result, unnecessary splenectomy was avoided. PMID:22470813

Yarmohammadi, Hooman; Nakamoto, Dean; Faulhaber, Peter F; Miedler, John; Azar, Nami

2011-01-01

324

Catatonia in DSM 5: controversies regarding its psychopathology, clinical presentation and treatment response.  

PubMed

Over the past two decades, there has been an upsurge of interest in catatonia, which is reflected in the attention it received in DSM 5, where it appears as a separate subsection of the Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders (APA, 2013). This commentary argues that due to the lack of solid scientific evidence, the extended coverage of catatonia in DSM 5 was a premature, and consequently, a necessarily ambiguous decision. The psychopathological foundations of the modern catatonia concept are lacking therefore its boundaries are fuzzy. There are only a few, methodologically sound clinical, treatment response and small-scale neurobiological studies. The widely recommended use of benzodiazepines for the treatment of catatonia is based on case reports and open-label studies instead of placebo-controlled, randomized trials. In conclusion, the catatonic concept espoused by DSM 5 is necessarily vague reflecting the current state of knowledge. PMID:25577482

Ungvari, Gabor S

2014-12-01

325

Clinical presentations and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome in children.  

PubMed

Hong Kong has been severely affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Contact in households and health-care settings is thought to be important for transmission, putting children at particular risk. Most data so far, however, have been for adults. We prospectively followed up the first ten children with SARS managed during the early phase of the epidemic in Hong Kong. All the children had been in close contact with infected adults. Persistent fever, cough, progressive radiographic changes of chest and lymphopenia were noted in all patients. The children were treated with high-dose ribavirin, oral prednisolone, or intravenous methylprednisolone, with no short-term adverse effects. Four teenagers required oxygen therapy and two needed assisted ventilation. None of the younger children required oxygen supplementation. Compared with adults and teenagers, SARS seems to have a less aggressive clinical course in younger children. PMID:12767737

Hon, K L E; Leung, C W; Cheng, W T F; Chan, P K S; Chu, W C W; Kwan, Y W; Li, A M; Fong, N C; Ng, P C; Chiu, M C; Li, C K; Tam, J S; Fok, T F

2003-05-17

326

Intestinal capillariasis in the 21 st century: clinical presentations and role of endoscopy and imaging.  

PubMed

BackgroundIntestinal capillariasis is one of the common causes of malabsorption in the East. Reports emphasizing the roles of clinical, endoscopic and radiologic findings of intestinal capillariasis are limited.MethodsRetrospective review of medical records of 26 patients diagnosed with intestinal capillariasis at Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand between 2001- 2013.ResultsClinical manifestations were chronic watery diarrhea (93%), chronic abdominal pain (70%), significant weight loss (92%), hypoalbuminemia (100%; 85% lower than 2.0 g/dL), and anemia (50%). The median duration of symptoms was 5.5 months (1-60 months). Parasites were found in stool in 15 patients (57%). In patients whose stool tests were initially negative, parasites were discovered in tissue biopsy from endoscopy in 1 from 10 esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGD), 0 from 7 colonoscopies, 3 from 5 push enteroscopies, and 3 from 5 balloon-assisted enteroscopies (BAE). Endoscopic findings included scalloping appearance, mucosal cracking, and redness of mucosa. These endoscopic findings affected mostly at jejunum and proximal ileum. They were similar to celiac disease except duodenal involvement which is uncommon in capillariasis. Three patients underwent video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and typical abnormal findings were observed in all patients. Small bowel barium study showed fold thickening, fold effacement, and increased luminal fluid in 80% of patients, mainly seen at distal jejunum and ileum. CT findings were long segment wall thickening, enhanced wall, and fold effacement. Treatment with either albendazole or ivermectin cured all patients with most responding within 2 months.ConclusionsIn endemic area, intestinal capillariasis should be considered if patients develop chronic watery diarrhea accompanied by significant weight loss and severe hypoalbuminemia. Stool examination had quite low sensitivities in making diagnosis in our study. Deep enteroscopy with biopsy guided by imaging or VCE may improve diagnostic yield. Empirical therapy may also be justifiable due to the very good response rate and less side effects. PMID:25492259

Limsrivilai, Julajak; Pongprasobchai, Supot; Apisarnthanarak, Piyaporn; Manatsathit, Sathaporn

2014-12-10

327

The clinical significance of bilateral basal ganglia calcification presenting with mania and delusions.  

PubMed

The authors present the case of a 37-year-old man who developed a psychotic manic episode and was found to have bilateral basal ganglia calcification (BGC). The authors present this case report along with a discussion of the literature on the neuropsychiatry of BGC. PMID:23487196

Johnson, Justin M; Legesse, Benalfew; Camprodon, Joan A; Murray, Evan; Price, Bruce H

2013-01-01

328

Factors associated with timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy in two HIV clinics in Lilongwe, Malawi.  

PubMed

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that only 30% of eligible, HIV-infected individuals start antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study seeks to explore the geographic and individual factors associated with starting ART on time. This retrospective study includes 15,734 HIV-positive adults initiating ART at two HIV clinics in Lilongwe, Malawi. The outcome was starting ART within two weeks of meeting ART eligibility as defined by the Malawi ART guidelines. Euclidean distance from patient neighbourhood to their clinic was calculated using Google Earth. Logistic regression models assessed factors influencing starting ART on time. Of 15,734 adults initiating ART, 8178 were from Lighthouse (LH) and 7556 were from Martin Preuss Center (MPC). Combined, 68.7% started treatment on time. Patients who were eligible for ART based on a CD4 cell count <250 cells/mm(3) versus WHO stage were less likely to begin ART on time at both LH (odds ratio [OR] 0.16; 95% CI 0.13-0.19) and MPC (OR 0.24; 95% CI 0.21-0.28). Likelihood of starting on time decreased with each kilometer further from clinic location among LH patients (OR 0.97; 95% CI 0.94-0.99); distance was not significant at MPC. In conclusion, predictors differed by clinic. Distance to clinic and type of eligibility for ART significantly influence starting ART on time. PMID:23467293

Johnson, D C; Feldacker, C; Tweya, H; Phiri, S; Hosseinipour, M C

2013-01-01

329

Risk factors of postoperative recurrences in patients with clinical stage I NSCLC  

PubMed Central

Background Despite advances in radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and newly developed molecular targeting therapies, long-term survival after resection for patients with NSCLC remains less than 50%. We investigated factors predicting postoperative locoregional recurrences and distant metastases in patients with clinical stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection. Methods All patients with clinical stage I NSCLC, who underwent surgical resection between January 2002 and June 2006, were reviewed retrospectively. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent risk factors for patients with locoregional recurrences and distant metastases. Results A total of 261 patients were eligible. Overall survival was significant related to locoregional recurrences (P?=?0.03) and distant metastases (P <0.001). There were significant differences of locoregional recurrence in tumor differentiation (P?=?0.032) and advanced pathological stage (P?=?0.002). In the group of distant metastases, there were significant differences in tumor differentiation (P?=?0.035), lymphovascular space invasion (P?=?0.031). Among the relationship between pattern of distant metastasis and clinicopathologic variables in patients with clinical stage I NSCLC, SUVmax (P?=?0.02) and tumor size (P?=?0.001) had significant differences. According to multiple logistic regression analysis, tumor differentiation is the only risk factor of postoperative outcome for locoregional recurrence and serum CEA (>3.5 ng/mL) is the predictor of distant metastasis. Conclusions Tumor differentiation and serum CEA were predictors of postoperative relapse for clinical stage I NSCLC after surgical resection. Risk factors of postoperative recurrence in patients with clinical stage I NSCLC may enable us to optimize the patient selection for postoperative adjuvant therapies or neoadjuvant treatment before surgery. PMID:24410748

2014-01-01

330

LUNG CANCER IN NEVER SMOKERS: CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS  

PubMed Central

More than 161,000 lung cancer deaths are projected to occur in the U.S. in 2008. Of these, an estimated 10–15% will be caused by factors other than active smoking, corresponding to 16,000–24,000 deaths annually. Thus lung cancer in never smokers would rank among the most common causes of cancer mortality in the U.S. if considered to be a separate category. Slightly more than half of the lung cancers caused by factors other than active smoking occur in never smokers. As summarized in the accompanying article, lung cancers that occur in never smokers differ from those that occur in smokers in their molecular profile and response to targeted therapy. These recent laboratory and clinical observations highlight the importance of defining the genetic and environmental factors responsible for the development of lung cancer in never-smokers. This article summarizes available data on the clinical epidemiology of lung cancer in never smokers, and the several environmental risk factors that population-based research has implicated in the etiology of these cancers. Primary factors closely tied to lung cancer in never smokers include exposure to known and suspected carcinogens including radon, second-hand tobacco smoke, and other indoor air pollutants. Several other exposures have been implicated. However, a large fraction of lung cancers occurring in never-smokers cannot be definitively associated with established environmental risk factors, highlighting the need for additional epidemiologic research in this area. PMID:19755391

Samet, Jonathan M.; Avila-Tang, Erika; Boffetta, Paolo; Hannan, Lindsay M.; Olivo-Marston, Susan; Thun, Michael J.; Rudin, Charles M.

2011-01-01

331

Clinical factors correlated with the success rate of miniscrews in orthodontic treatment  

PubMed Central

Miniscrews offer a reliable alternative for anchorage during orthodontic treatment, particularly for non-cooperative patients or periodontal patients with alveolar bone loss. The study aims at assessing the correlation of various clinical indicators with the success or failure of miniscrews used for anchorage during orthodontic treatment. Thirty-four consecutive patients with a cumulative total of 82 miniscrews implanted participated in the study. Generalized Estimating Equations were used to assess the correlation of various factors with success rates. The miniscrew was considered the unit of analysis clustered within site and within patient. The overall success rate of miniscrews was 90.2%. For every additional miniscrew used in a patient's oral cavity, the success rate was reduced by 67%. Retromandibular triangle and palatal placement and in movable mucosa resulted in lower success rate. The miniscrew length and diameter were found to correlate with success rates. Orthodontic force applied on miniscrews for uprighting purposes showed a lower success rate than that used for retraction. This study revealed that miniscrews present high success rates. The number of miniscrews used per patient, the miniscrew site placement, the soft tissue type of placement, the miniscrew length and diameter as well as the orthodontic force applied on the miniscrew showed significant correlation with success rates. PMID:22241373

Topouzelis, Nikolaos; Tsaousoglou, Phoebus

2012-01-01

332

Factor Structure of the PTSD Checklist in a Sample of OEF/OIF Veterans Presenting to Primary Care: Specific and Nonspecific Aspects of Dysphoria  

PubMed Central

Although DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include three primary symptom clusters, recent evidence from confirmatory factor analyses suggest that the latent structure of PTSD is better represented by four factors, which will likely be reflected in the upcoming DSM-5. Given this likely transition from three to four clusters, the present study sought to examine specific and non-specific aspects of dysphoria in the factor structure of PTSD symptoms in a sample of OEF/OIF combat veterans presenting to a Veterans Affairs primary care clinic. PTSD symptoms were assessed using the PCL-M (Weathers et al. 1993). Results from confirmatory factor analyses suggested that a dysphoria factor involving a number of non-specific distress symptoms may be an important part of the PTSD symptom profile. After controlling for variance due to general psychological distress, we further found that factor loadings on the dysphoria factor were attenuated but continued to significantly load onto the factor, suggesting that dysphoria may be a specific part of the PTSD symptom constellation. PMID:25214708

Williams, Joah L.; Monahan, Christopher J.

2014-01-01

333

Beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A endocarditis: a rare clinical presentation.  

PubMed

A case report of an elderly gentleman is reported herein, who presented with one week history of fever, drowsiness and left lower limb weakness. Examination revealed left lower limb weakness with power of grade 3/5. His workup showed evidence of infection and multiple cerebral infarcts on the right side. Blood culture grew Streptococcus pyogens. Echocardiogram showed two vegetations on the aortic valve. Fever was the main presenting feature in this case but it was the presentation of patient with multiple cerebral infarcts that lead to the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. The organism causing Infective Endocarditis (IE) in this patient was a rare one. PMID:18452666

Almas, Aysha; Tariq, Muhammad

2008-01-01

334

Nasal Foreign Bodies: A Review of Management Strategies and a Clinical Scenario Presentation  

PubMed Central

We report a case of a toothbrush head lodged into the nasal cavity, which required an external rhinoplasty for retrieval. A review of the literature on management strategies in case of nasal foreign bodies is presented. PMID:22379507

Patil, Pavan M.; Anand, Rajeev

2011-01-01

335

Stromal prostatic sarcoma: a rare tumor with rare clinical and imaging presentation  

PubMed Central

Adult prostatic stromal sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor. The main presenting symptom is urinary retention secondary to bladder outlet obstruction. Prostatic Specific Antigen level can be normal. Imaging features show a prostate mass with or without pelvic organ invasion depending on the aggressiveness of the tumor. We present a patient with prostatic stromal sarcoma who debuted with urinary obstruction, leukocytosis and neutrophilia, prostate enlargement, and hypodense prostate areas on CT images, simulating prostatitis with abscess formation. PMID:24421945

Rojas-Jiménez, Anamaría; Otero-Garcia, Milagros; Mateos-Martin, Alejandro

2013-01-01

336

Clinical presentation and chiropractic treatment of Tietze syndrome: A 34-year-old female with left-sided chest pain  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical presentation and chiropractic management of Tietze syndrome. Clinical Features A 34-year-old woman presented with unexplained left-sided chest pain. Electrocardiogram and radiographs were taken at a medical emergency department to rule out cardiovascular and pulmonary causes, and pain medication did not relieve her pain. Physical examination showed tenderness on palpation and swelling of the second and third chondrosternal joints, as well as thoracic joint dysfunction. Heart and lung pathology was ruled out, and chondrosternal joint swelling was present, Tietze syndrome was diagnosed. Intervention and Outcome A treatment plan aimed at restoring normal thoracic and rib joint movement and decreasing inflammation of the chondrosternal joints resulted in lower pain levels. Treatment consisted of diversified high-velocity, low-amplitude chiropractic manipulation; activator technique; and cryotherapy. Conclusion Chiropractic management of Tietze syndrome was successful in reducing pain levels in this patient's case. PMID:22027210

Gijsbers, Eefje; Knaap, Simone F.C.

2011-01-01

337

Clinical and Genetic Characteristics of Mexican Patients with Juvenile Presentation of Niemann-Pick Type C Disease  

PubMed Central

Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is a rare lysosomal disease with a protean presentation, ranging from a fatal neonatal course with visceromegaly to an adult presentation with only neurological or psychiatric symptomatology. In this report we describe the genetic and clinical characteristics of 3 Mexican patients from different families with juvenile presentation of NPC. Clinical examination, imaging of central nervous and gastrointestinal system, and EEG were performed. Genetic studies include sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis of NPC1 and NPC2 genes. All patients presented with cognitive impairment, ataxia, and supranuclear vertical gaze palsy; one case had gelastic cataplexy. Also they developed epilepsy and cortical atrophy and two patients had thinning of corpus callosum. The 3 patients were compound heterozygotes for NPC1 sequence variants, including 5 missense and 1 nonsense mutations: p.P1007A and p.F1087L in Case 1; p.Q921P and p.G992R in Case 2; and p.R348? and p.V1165M in case 3. Mexican patients with juvenile NPC presented with a variable clinical phenotype and compound heterozygosity. This suggests a relative high frequency of mutation carriers as it is reported for European population. Consequently, clinicians should consider NPC as a diagnosis possibility in any adolescent or young adult patient with juvenile dementia and/or ataxia, even in absence of gelastic cataplexy and supranuclear vertical gaze palsy. PMID:25349751

Piña-Aguilar, Raul E.; Vera-Loaiza, Aurea; Chacón-Camacho, Oscar F.; Zenteno, Juan Carlos; Nuñez-Orozco, Lilia; Santillán-Hernández, Yuritzi

2014-01-01

338

West virginia university pediatric stroke registry: clinical description and risk factors identification in patients from a rural area.  

PubMed

Purpose. To develop an institutional pediatric stroke database at West Virginia University to support the classification and description of clinical and radiographic characteristics of pediatric stroke in children living in rural areas. Methods. A custom-made database was developed using Microsoft Access to include specific query forms for data retrieval. Data were collected retrospectively from electronic medical record of pediatric patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, with emphasis on clinical presentation, risk factors, and neuroimaging studies between 2000 and 2012. Results. In the children group, vasculitis and hypercoagulable disorders were identified less frequently than reported. In the neonate group, only extremely sick, symptomatic patents were acutely diagnosed with stroke. Conclusion. Patients with the most common risk factors for stroke (cardiac disease) were overrepresented. This suggests that in children receiving medical attention in rural areas less common risk factors for stroke might not be identified, increasing the risk recurrence. Increased index of suspicion is needed about pediatric stroke in rural areas, and early transfer to a tertiary care center for identification of risk factors is mandatory. PMID:25049311

Pergami, Paola; Thayapararajah, Sathees Waran; Seemaladinne, Nirupama

2015-01-01

339

Coronary artery disease and the profile of cardiovascular risk factors in South South Nigeria: a clinical and autopsy study.  

PubMed

Introduction. Death from coronary artery disease (CAD) has been until recently considered rare in Nigeria. We present a report of a study of CAD with its predisposing cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors in South South Nigeria. Methods. We examined the autopsy reports of 747 coroner cases and 41 consecutive clinically diagnosed cases of ischemic heart disease seen in South South Nigeria. Results. CAD was diagnosed in 13 (1.6%) of 747 autopsies. They were predominantly males, urban residents, and of high social class with combination of CVD risk factors of hypertension, alcohol use, diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, poor physical activities, and obesity. The mean serum cholesterol of the clinical subjects was 4.7 ± 1.57?mmol/L and 5.07 ± 1.94?mmol/L for angina and myocardial infarction, respectively, which was higher than the mean total cholesterol for locality of 3.1?mmol/L. Conclusion. CAD and its risk factors are contributing to mortality and morbidity in South South Nigeria. These risk factors include hypertension, alcohol use, diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, poor physical activity, and obesity. Nigerians in this locality with CAD have raised serum lipids. PMID:24707437

Essien, Okon Ekwere; Andy, Joseph; Ansa, Victor; Otu, Akaninyene Asuquo; Udoh, Alphonsus

2014-01-01

340

Metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma to the mandibular condyle: a rare clinical presentation.  

PubMed

Metastatic disease to the oral cavity is rare, representing only 1-8% of oral malignancies, and involvement of the mandibular condyle is even less prevalent. In a recent literature review of 796 cases of metastatic disease to the oral cavity, only 39 (13.8%) involved the condyle. This report is a unique case of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma to the condyle. There are only 5 documented cases of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma to the oral cavity, one of which metastasized to the condyle. This is an important case because metastatic lesions to the condyle may mimic temporomandibular joint disorders making clinical diagnosis and decision-making extremely challenging for the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The requirement for arrival at an appropriate and prompt diagnosis is crucial for determining the most appropriate treatment regimens and improved outcomes. Additionally, in approximately 33% of cases, the oral metastatic lesion may be the first indication of an undiscovered distant primary tumor, making timely evaluation and treatment critical from an oncologic perspective. PMID:23911149

Kolokythas, Antonia; Miloro, M Beth; Olsson, Alexis B; Miloro, Michael

2014-01-01

341

Acquired Factor XI Inhibitor Presenting as Spontaneous Bilateral Subdural Hematoma in an Elderly Patient  

PubMed Central

Development of autoantibodies against coagulation factors is an uncommon bleeding disorder associated with cancer, autoimmune conditions, pregnancy, or no apparent disease. Spontaneous FVIII inhibitors are the most frequently encountered; those against FXI have been only anecdotally reported. We report a case of acquired FXI inhibitor presenting as fatal intracranial spontaneous bleeding in an elderly patient with history of cancer and previous transfusions. Few cases of acquired FXI inhibitor have been reported in association with connective tissue disease, cancer, or surgery. Bleeding includes mucocutaneous bleeding, postsurgical hemorrhage, or life-threatening events. Treatment consists of arresting the bleeding and inhibitor eradication. High degree of suspicion is essential to promptly diagnose and treat this uncommon condition. PMID:25431698

Scarti, Luca; Beltrame, Chiara; Picchi, Antonella; Taccetti, Gianni; Fortini, Alberto

2014-01-01

342

Late onset multiple sclerosis: clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and differential diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Late onset multiple sclerosis (LOMS), defined as the first presentation of clinical symptoms in patients over 50, is not a rare phenomenon as previously thought, since the prevalence ranges between 4% and 9.6% in different studies. The course of the disease is often primary progressive and pyramidal or cerebellar involvement is observed in 60%–70% of the patients at presentation. LOMS

V. Martinelli; M. Rodegher; L. Moiola; G. Comi

2004-01-01

343

Third Ventriculostomy in Late-onset Idiopathic Aqueductal Stenosis Treatment: A Focus on Clinical Presentation and Radiological Diagnosis.  

PubMed

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered the gold standard treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus due to partial or complete obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ventricular pathways caused by mass lesions. However long-term efficacy of this procedure remains controversial as treatment of chronic adult hydrocephalus due to stenosis of Sylvian acqueduct [late-onset idiopathic aqueductal stenosis (LIAS)]. The authors describe clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations in patients affected by LIAS, and define their clinical and radiological outcome after ETV. From January 2003 to December 2008, 13 consecutive LIAS patients treated by ETV were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and post-operative clinical and radiological findings, including conventional and phase-contrast (PC) cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were investigated. ETV was successfully performed in all patients. Patient's neurological condition improved. No one required a second ETV procedure or shunt implantation. Clinical and radiological results reveal a satisfactory outcome of LIAS patients treated by ETV. At follow-up a clinical improvement could be demonstrated in all cases. Selection criteria of LIAS patients seem to be crucial to obtain satisfactory and long-lasting results. Even in elderly patients with chronic hydrocephalus, ETV can be considered the treatment of choice. PMID:25446383

Locatelli, Marco; Draghi, Riccardo; DI Cristofori, Andrea; Carrabba, Giorgio; Zavanone, Mario; Pluderi, Mauro; Spagnoli, Diego; Rampini, Paolo

2014-12-15

344

Systemic treatment-induced gastrointestinal toxicity: incidence, clinical presentation and management  

PubMed Central

The toxicity of cancer chemotherapy is among the most important factors limiting its use. Clear delineation and communication of benefits and risks is an essential component of treatment decisions. Gastrointestinal toxicity during chemotherapy is frequent and contributes to dose reductions, delays and cessation of cancer treatment. The development of intervention strategies that could eliminate an expected side effect of chemotherapy is vital. Physiologic changes that can increase the toxicity of chemotherapy are decreased stem cell reserves, decreased ability to repair cell damage, progressive loss of body protein, and accumulation of body fat. Symptoms only arise when physiological functions are altered. The gastrointestinal symptoms arising during cancer chemotherapy can often be cured if newly acquired, and if gastrointestinal physiological deficits are identified. Developing new chemotherapy regimens with similar efficacy but less toxicity should be a priority for future research. PMID:24713845

Boussios, Stergios; Pentheroudakis, George; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Pavlidis, Nicholas

2012-01-01

345

Helicobacter pylori HopE and HopV porins present scarce expression among clinical isolates  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate how widely Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) HopE and HopV porins are expressed among Chilean isolates and how seroprevalent they are among infected patients in Chile. METHODS: H. pylori hopE and hopV genes derived from strain CHCTX-1 were cloned by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli AD494 (DE3). Gel-purified porins were used to prepare polyclonal antibodies. The presence of both genes was tested by PCR in a collection of H. pylori clinical isolates and their expression was detected in lysates by immunoblotting. Immune responses against HopE, HopV and other H. pylori antigens in sera from infected and non-infected patients were tested by Western blotting using these sera as first antibody on recombinant H. pylori antigens. RESULTS: PCR and Western blotting assays revealed that 60 and 82 out of 130 Chilean isolates carried hopE and hopV genes, respectively, but only 16 and 9, respectively, expressed these porins. IgG serum immunoreactivity evaluation of 69 H. pylori-infected patients revealed that HopE and HopV were infrequently recognized (8.7% and 10.1% respectively) compared to H. pylori VacA (68.1%) and CagA (59.5%) antigens. Similar values were detected for IgA serum immunoreactivity against HopE (11.6%) and HopV (10.5%) although lower values for VacA (42%) and CagA (17.4%) were obtained when compared to the IgG response. CONCLUSION: A scarce expression of HopE and HopV among Chilean isolates was found, in agreement with the infrequent seroconversion against these antigens when tested in infected Chilean patients. PMID:20082477

Lienlaf, Maritza; Morales, Juan Pablo; Díaz, María Inés; Díaz, Rodrigo; Bruce, Elsa; Siegel, Freddy; León, Gloria; Harris, Paul R; Venegas, Alejandro

2010-01-01

346

Early Motor Unit Disease Masquerading as Psychogenic Breathy Dysphonia: A Clinical Case Presentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a study of a 20-year-old girl with mild, breathy dysphonia, previously diagnosed as psychogenic. In actuality, her voice change was a sign of early myasthenia gravis. It is pointed out that voice changes can be a first and only sign of early neurologic disease. (Author/KW)

Aronson, Arnold E.

1971-01-01

347

Intuitive presentation of clinical forensic data using anonymous and person-specific 3D reference manikins.  

PubMed

The increasing use of CT/MR devices in forensic analysis motivates the need to present forensic findings from different sources in an intuitive reference visualization, with the aim of combining 3D volumetric images along with digital photographs of external findings into a 3D computer graphics model. This model allows a comprehensive presentation of forensic findings in court and enables comparative evaluation studies correlating data sources. The goal of this work was to investigate different methods to generate anonymous and patient-specific 3D models which may be used as reference visualizations. The issue of registering 3D volumetric as well as 2D photographic data to such 3D models is addressed to provide an intuitive context for injury documentation from arbitrary modalities. We present an image processing and visualization work-flow, discuss the major parts of this work-flow, compare the different investigated reference models, and show a number of cases studies that underline the suitability of the proposed work-flow for presenting forensically relevant information in 3D visualizations. PMID:24952238

Urschler, Martin; Höller, Johannes; Bornik, Alexander; Paul, Tobias; Giretzlehner, Michael; Bischof, Horst; Yen, Kathrin; Scheurer, Eva

2014-08-01

348

A Current Review of Ebola Virus: Pathogenesis, Clinical Presentation, and Diagnostic Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is an acute viral syndrome that presents with fever and an ensuing bleeding diathesis that is marked by high mortality in human and nonhuman primates. Fatality rates are between 50% and 100%. Due to its lethal nature, this filovirus is classified as a biological class 4 pathogen. The natural reservoir of the virus is unknown. As

Adrian M. Casillas; Adeline M. Nyamathi; Anthony Sosa; Cam L. Wilder; Heather Sands

2003-01-01

349

Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 and Adverse Clinical Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review To review data on the epidemiology of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and adverse clinical outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and introduce recent insights into the pathophysiology behind the observed relationships. Recent findings End-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease are frequent events in patients with CKD, in whom cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death. Elevated levels of FGF23, a phosphate and vitamin D regulating hormone, have been associated with risks of end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular disease and mortality. FGF23 excess has also been linked with left ventricular hypertrophy, and innovative translational experiments have recently established direct end-organ toxicity of FGF23, which induced left ventricular hypertrophy in animals. Summary FGF23 is emerging as a novel risk factor in CKD. Future studies should determine whether interventions that lower FGF23 levels improve clinical outcomes in CKD. PMID:22487610

Isakova, Tamara

2012-01-01

350

A case report of osteochondroma with unusual clinical and imaging presentation.  

PubMed

Osteochondroma or exostosis is a bony developmental anomaly, which arises from exophytic outgrowth on bone surfaces in a characteristic manner. Osteochondroma is asymptomatic and grows away from the nearby joint. This paper reports an unusual presentation of osteochondroma in which the patient was surprisingly completely symptomatic. The lesion grew toward the nearby joint and the radiographic findings were not compatible with surgical findings. PMID:25625108

Javdan, Mohammad; Hekmatnia, Ali; Ghazavi, Amirhossein; Basiratnia, Reza; Mehrzad, Mansour; Hekmatnia, Farzaneh; Ahrar, Hossein

2015-01-01

351

A case report of osteochondroma with unusual clinical and imaging presentation  

PubMed Central

Osteochondroma or exostosis is a bony developmental anomaly, which arises from exophytic outgrowth on bone surfaces in a characteristic manner. Osteochondroma is asymptomatic and grows away from the nearby joint. This paper reports an unusual presentation of osteochondroma in which the patient was surprisingly completely symptomatic. The lesion grew toward the nearby joint and the radiographic findings were not compatible with surgical findings PMID:25625108

Javdan, Mohammad; Hekmatnia, Ali; Ghazavi, Amirhossein; Basiratnia, Reza; Mehrzad, Mansour; Hekmatnia, Farzaneh; Ahrar, Hossein

2015-01-01

352

Prospective study of clinical gallbladder disease and its association with obesity, physical activity, and other factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association of anthropometric measurements, serum tests, and life-style factors with the risk of clinical gallbladder disease was investigated in a prospective study of 7831 American men of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii. After 152,831 person-years of observation, 471 incident cases of gallbladder disease were diagnosed by histology or radiology. There was an increase in risk of gallbladder disease with a

Ikuko Kato; Abraham Nomura; Grant N. Stemmermann; Po-Huang Chyou

1992-01-01

353

Identification of Novel Clinical Factors Associated with Hepatic Fat Accumulation in Extreme Obesity  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The accumulation of lipids stored as excess triglycerides in the liver (steatosis) is highly prevalent in obesity and has been associated with several clinical characteristics, but most studies have been based on relatively small sample sizes using a limited set of variables. We sought to identify clinical factors associated with liver fat accumulation in a large cohort of patients with extreme obesity. Methods. We analyzed 2929 patients undergoing intraoperative liver biopsy during a primary bariatric surgery. Univariate and multivariate regression modeling was used to identify associations with over 200 clinical variables with the presence of any fat in the liver and with moderate to severe versus mild fat accumulation. Results. A total of 19 data elements were associated with the presence of liver fat and 11 with severity of liver fat including ALT and AST, plasma lipid, glucose, and iron metabolism variables, several medications and laboratory measures, and sleep apnea. The accuracy of a multiple logistic regression model for presence of liver fat was 81% and for severity of liver fat accumulation was 77%. Conclusions. A limited set of clinical factors can be used to model hepatic fat accumulation with moderate accuracy and may provide potential mechanistic insights in the setting of extreme obesity. PMID:25610640

Gerhard, Glenn S.; Benotti, Peter; Chu, Xin; Strodel, William E.; Gabrielsen, Jon D.; Ibele, Anna; Still, Christopher D.

2014-01-01

354

Causative anti-diabetic drugs and the underlying clinical factors for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes  

PubMed Central

Recent clinical trials indicated that the intensive glycemic control do not reduce cardiovascular disease mortality among diabetic patients, challenging a significance of the strict glycemic control in diabetes management. Furthermore, retrospective analysis of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes study demonstrated a significant association between hypoglycemia and mortality. Here, we systematically reviewed the drug-induced hypoglycemia, and also the underlying clinical factors for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes. The sulfonylurea use is significantly associated with severe hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The use of biguanide (approximately 45%-76%) and thiazolidinediones (approximately 15%-34%) are also highly associated with the development of severe hypoglycemia. In patients treated with insulin, the intensified insulin therapy is more frequently associated with severe hypoglycemia than the conventional insulin therapy and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Among the underlying clinical factors for development of severe hypoglycemia, low socioeconomic status, aging, longer duration of diabetes, high HbA1c and low body mass index, comorbidities are precipitating factors for severe hypoglycemia. Poor cognitive and mental functions are also associated with severe hypoglycemia. PMID:25685276

Yanai, Hidekatsu; Adachi, Hiroki; Katsuyama, Hisayuki; Moriyama, Sumie; Hamasaki, Hidetaka; Sako, Akahito

2015-01-01

355

High heart rate: more than a risk factor. Lessons from a clinical practice survey.  

PubMed

Several epidemiological studies have reported that an elevated heart rate (HR) is associated with coronary atherosclerosis independently of other risk factors. Nevertheless, it is still unclear whether HR is itself the cause or there is merely an association between HR and mortality in this population. A total of 1686 patients with hypertension and chronic ischemic heart disease were included in this study. According to the resting HR, the patients were distributed in 3 groups (group 1: HR<63 bpm; group 2: 63-82 bpm; group 3: >82 bpm). 580 patients (34.4%) belonged to group 1; 936 (55.5%) to group 2 and 170 (10.1%) to group 3. Patients with high HR exhibited a poorer prognosis not only due to a worse clinical profile (more concomitant cardiovascular risk factors and organ damage), but suggestively because despite the use of a similar number of drugs, patients with higher HR were associated with lesser risk control rates in daily clinical practice. Despite current guidelines that do not still recognize HR as a cardiovascular risk factor, it appears that physicians should pay more attention to it in clinical practice since high HR is warning about an increased risk. PMID:18684521

Barrios, Vivencio; Escobar, Carlos; Bertomeu, Vicente; Murga, Nekane; de Pablo, Carmen; Asín, Enrique

2009-11-12

356

Causative anti-diabetic drugs and the underlying clinical factors for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes.  

PubMed

Recent clinical trials indicated that the intensive glycemic control do not reduce cardiovascular disease mortality among diabetic patients, challenging a significance of the strict glycemic control in diabetes management. Furthermore, retrospective analysis of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes study demonstrated a significant association between hypoglycemia and mortality. Here, we systematically reviewed the drug-induced hypoglycemia, and also the underlying clinical factors for hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes. The sulfonylurea use is significantly associated with severe hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The use of biguanide (approximately 45%-76%) and thiazolidinediones (approximately 15%-34%) are also highly associated with the development of severe hypoglycemia. In patients treated with insulin, the intensified insulin therapy is more frequently associated with severe hypoglycemia than the conventional insulin therapy and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Among the underlying clinical factors for development of severe hypoglycemia, low socioeconomic status, aging, longer duration of diabetes, high HbA1c and low body mass index, comorbidities are precipitating factors for severe hypoglycemia. Poor cognitive and mental functions are also associated with severe hypoglycemia. PMID:25685276

Yanai, Hidekatsu; Adachi, Hiroki; Katsuyama, Hisayuki; Moriyama, Sumie; Hamasaki, Hidetaka; Sako, Akahito

2015-02-15

357

Mitosis-inducing factors are present in a latent form during interphase in the Xenopus embryo  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the conversion to the mitotic state, higher eukaryotic cells activate a cascade of reactions which result in the disintegration of the nuclear enve- lope, the condensation of the DNA into chromosomes, and the reorganization of the cytoskeleton. In Xenopus, the induction of the mitotic state appears to be under the control of a cytoplasmic factor(s) known as mitosis-promoting factor

William G. Dunphy; John W. Newport

1988-01-01

358

Clinical presentation of patients with ebola virus disease in conakry, Guinea.  

PubMed

Background In March 2014, the World Health Organization was notified of an outbreak of Zaire ebolavirus in a remote area of Guinea. The outbreak then spread to the capital, Conakry, and to neighboring countries and has subsequently become the largest epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) to date. Methods From March 25 to April 26, 2014, we performed a study of all patients with laboratory-confirmed EVD in Conakry. Mortality was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included patient characteristics, complications, treatments, and comparisons between survivors and nonsurvivors. Results Of 80 patients who presented with symptoms, 37 had laboratory-confirmed EVD. Among confirmed cases, the median age was 38 years (interquartile range, 28 to 46), 24 patients (65%) were men, and 14 (38%) were health care workers; among the health care workers, nosocomial transmission was implicated in 12 patients (32%). Patients with confirmed EVD presented to the hospital a median of 5 days (interquartile range, 3 to 7) after the onset of symptoms, most commonly with fever (in 84% of the patients; mean temperature, 38.6°C), fatigue (in 65%), diarrhea (in 62%), and tachycardia (mean heart rate, >93 beats per minute). Of these patients, 28 (76%) were treated with intravenous fluids and 37 (100%) with antibiotics. Sixteen patients (43%) died, with a median time from symptom onset to death of 8 days (interquartile range, 7 to 11). Patients who were 40 years of age or older, as compared with those under the age of 40 years, had a relative risk of death of 3.49 (95% confidence interval, 1.42 to 8.59; P=0.007). Conclusions Patients with EVD presented with evidence of dehydration associated with vomiting and severe diarrhea. Despite attempts at volume repletion, antimicrobial therapy, and limited laboratory services, the rate of death was 43%. PMID:25372658

Bah, Elhadj Ibrahima; Lamah, Marie-Claire; Fletcher, Tom; Jacob, Shevin T; Brett-Major, David M; Sall, Amadou Alpha; Shindo, Nahoko; Fischer, William A; Lamontagne, Francois; Saliou, Sow Mamadou; Bausch, Daniel G; Moumié, Barry; Jagatic, Tim; Sprecher, Armand; Lawler, James V; Mayet, Thierry; Jacquerioz, Frederique A; Méndez Baggi, María F; Vallenas, Constanza; Clement, Christophe; Mardel, Simon; Faye, Ousmane; Faye, Oumar; Soropogui, Baré; Magassouba, Nfaly; Koivogui, Lamine; Pinto, Ruxandra; Fowler, Robert A

2015-01-01

359

Severe ARDS induced by fusobacterial infections: a rare clinical presentation of Lemierre syndrome.  

PubMed

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) poses a major challenge in intensive care settings. The main underlying causes of ARDS are trauma, pancreatitis, and pulmonary manifestation of systemic inflammatory response syndrome/sepsis.Lemierre syndrome represents a nearly forgotten entity arising from oropharyngeal infections with Fusobacterial species, and it is of renewed and increasing interest because of evolving antibiotic resistances.We report two cases of young female patients afflicted by Lemierre syndrome with additional severe ARDS and present an overview of the current literature. PMID:23564539

Litmathe, Jens; Zardo, P; Dickgreber, N; May, G; Sucker, C; Fischer, S

2013-12-01

360

Eosinophilic granuloma of the skull base: patient with unique clinical moreover, radiographic presentation.  

PubMed

This case report presents an eight-year-old girl having periauricular swelling and severe pain during mouth opening on the right-side temporomandibular joint (TMJ). CBCT showed extensive destruction of the base of the skull and the roof of the glenoid fossa on the right side. The findings based on CT and MRI images with and without contrast are discussed herein. This report highlights a skull base eosinophilic granuloma that mimics TMJ disorder and the importance of proper evaluation of CBCT images to make an early diagnosis. PMID:25597609

Dalili, Hosein; Dalili Kajan, Zahra

2015-01-01

361

Clinical Education in Physical Therapy: Present Status/Future Needs. Final Report of the Project on Clinical Education in Physical Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report on guidelines for staff development and educational effectiveness in physical-therapy clinical education contains data concerning the selection and use of clinical facilities, selection and roles of clinical faculty, the process of clinical education, and the evaluation process in clinical education. Issues include: manpower…

Moore, Margaret L.; Perry, Jan F.

362

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in a 52-year-old man – clinical presentation mimicking an acute coronary syndrome  

PubMed Central

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is an infrequently diagnosed, genetically determined disease that leads to significant clinical consequences, including progressive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias accounting for sudden cardiac death. We report the case of a 52-year-old patient who presented with ventricular tachycardia and features of an acute coronary syndrome. However, routine tests excluded critical coronary stenosis and the final diagnosis was arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. PMID:24570728

Sadowski, Marcin; Kurzawski, Jacek; Janion-Sadowska, Agnieszka

2013-01-01

363

A case of fixed drug eruption secondary to quinine in tonic water presenting to a sexual health clinic.  

PubMed

Fixed drug eruption (FDE) is a cutaneous drug reaction which occurs repeatedly at a given mucocutaneous site after exposure to the causative agent. Lesions typically occur on extremities, oral mucosa and genital skin. Quinine is a common food additive and is recognised as a rare cause of FDE. We report a case of FDE with oral and genital lesions presenting to a sexual health clinic due to quinine contained in tonic water. PMID:24583965

Lonsdale-Eccles, Elizabeth; Wallett, Arabella; Ward, Alison M

2014-08-01

364

Hotline update of clinical trials and registries presented at the ACC and SCAI-ACCi2 meeting 2008 in Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the results of a number of new clinical trials, registries and meta-analyses in the field of cardiovascular\\u000a medicine. Key presentations made at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology (ACC), held in Chicago, IL, USA\\u000a from 29 March till first April 2008 are reported. The ACC meeting was accompanied by the SCAI (Society for Cardiovascular

Yvonne P. Clever; Stephan Rosenkranz; Michael Böhm; Bruno Scheller

2008-01-01

365

Person-Related Protective and Vulnerability Factors of Psychopathology Symptoms in Non-Clinical Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Psychopathology in youths is thought to originate from a dynamic interplay of a variety of protective and vulnerability factors. In this study, a large multi-ethnic sample of non-clinical adolescents (N = 376) completed questionnaires for measuring a wide range of person-related protective and vulnerability factors as well as psychopathology symptoms, in order to explore (a) the relations among various protective and vulnerability factors, and (b) the unique contributions of these protective and vulnerability factors to different types of psychological problems. Results indicated that the overlap among protective and vulnerability factors was quite modest. Further, it was found that factors clustered in theoretically meaningful components reflecting protection, vulnerability, and more specific aspects of coping and social support. Finally, data indicated that each type of psychopathology symptoms was associated with a typical set of protective and vulnerability factors. Although these results should be interpreted with caution because of the cross-sectional nature of the study, they may nevertheless guide future research exploring multifactorial models of psychopathology in youths. PMID:19816772

Mayer, Birgit; Reinders, Eva; Wesenhagen, Chériva

2009-01-01

366

Identifying risk factors for clinically significant diabetic macula edema in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

It is known that clinic blood pressure (BP), gender, cigarette smoking, dyslipidemia, anemia and thiazolidenediones (TZD) treatment are predictors for clinically significant diabetic macula edema (CSDME). We examined a most risky factor for CSDME in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) confirmed using optical coherence tomography by multiple regression analysis (MRA). As the risk factors, wakening-up BP was added to such factors. Seven diabetic Japanese patients with CSDME (group 1) and 124 subjects without CSDME (group 2) assonated with DR using optical coherence tomography were studied. The durations of T2DM in groups 1 and 2 were 15±10 years and 20±15 years, respectively. There was no statistically difference in means of gender, duration, age, body mass index (BMI), HbA1c, TC, LDL and TC/HDL, serum creatinine, urinary albumin excretion rate, and clinic BP between two groups. Morning systolic home BP (MSHBP), cigarette smoking and foveal thickness were significantly (p<0.001) higher in group 1 than group 2, whereas visual acuity was significantly (p<0.00?) lower in group 1 than in group 2. The patients in both groups had received various kinds of drugs for hyperglycemia, hypertension and others. There were no significant differences in the variables in both groups. MRA revealed that MSHBP, cigarette smoking and pioglitazone as TZD treatment were significantly positive predictors for CSDME, while BMI had a significantly negative predictor. Other variables were not significantly correlated to CSDME. The review summarizes a multiple regression analysis revealed that MSHBP makes an addition to predictive factors for CSDME among risk factors reported previously in patient with T2DM. PMID:23363297

Kamoi, Kyuzi; Takeda, Keiji; Hashimoto, Kaoru; Tanaka, Reiko; Okuyama, Shinya

2013-05-01

367

Clinical presentation, auscultation recordings, ultrasonographic findings and treatment response of 12 adult cattle with chronic suppurative pneumonia: case study  

PubMed Central

Auscultation is considered the critical component of the veterinary clinical examination for the diagnosis of bovine respiratory disease but the accuracy with which adventitious sounds reflect underlying lung pathology remains largely unproven. Modern portable ultrasound machines provide the veterinary practitioner with an inexpensive, non-invasive tool with which to examine the pleural surfaces and superficial lung parenchyma. Simultaneous recording of sounds overlying normal lung and defined pathology allows critical assessment of auscultated sounds in the same animal removing confounding factors such as respiratory rate and thickness of the chest wall (body condition). Twelve cows, referred to the University of Edinburgh Veterinary School, were diagnosed with chronic suppurative pneumonia and enrolled into this prospective study to record and monitor lung sounds, ultrasonographic findings, and response to a standardised antibiotic treatment regimen. Most cows (8/12) had a normal rectal temperature on presentation but all cows had received antibiotic therapy at some time in the previous two weeks and six animals were receiving antibiotic treatment upon admission. All cattle were tachypnoeic (>40 breaths per minute) with frequent and productive coughing, halitosis, and a purulent nasal discharge most noticeable when the head was lowered. Ultrasonographic examination of the chest readily identified pathological changes consistent with severe lung pathology subsequently confirmed as chronic suppurative pneumonia in four cows at necropsy; eight cows recovered well after antibiotic treatment and were discharged two to six weeks after admission. It proved difficult to differentiate increased audibility of normal lung sounds due to tachypnoea from wheezes; coarse crackles were not commonly heard. In general, sounds were reduced in volume over consolidated lung relative to normal lung tissue situated dorsally. Rumen contraction sounds were commonly transmitted over areas of lung pathology. Trueperella (formerly Arcanobacterium) pyogenes was isolated from three of four lung tissue samples at necrospy. Treatment with procaine penicillin for 42 consecutive days resulted in marked improvement with return to normal appetite and improvement in body condition in 8 of 12 cows (67%) where lesions did not extend more than 10-15 cm above the level of the olecranon on both sides of the chest. PMID:23547784

2013-01-01

368

ePTFE soft tissue patch reconstruction of hemidiaphragmatic agenesis with late clinical presentation.  

PubMed

In this paper we describe a case of a 71-year-old man affected by left hemidiaphragm agenesis who presented an extensive enterothorax after an asymptomatic history for many years. The patient had late development of severe constipation and occasional episodes of bowel obstruction and vomiting. The surgical correction of this congenital anomaly consisted of restoring the continuity of the diaphragmatic barrier with a 2-mm-thick expanded polytetrafluoroethylene soft tissue patch(Gore-Tex) after the herniated viscera have been replaced into the abdominal cavity. At 26 months' follow-up no recurrence has been observed. We would suggest that this is the first known elderly patient surgically treated and the eighth case reported in the literature. The use of a single-layer ePTFE mesh allows a good anatomical and functional repair. An overview of the literature is also reported. PMID:17598070

Fei, L; Saviano, C; Moccia, F; del Genio, G; Trapani, V; Nunziale, A; Lombardi, G; Cecchi, M

2008-02-01

369

Ruptured heterotopic pregnancy: an unusual presentation of an uncommon clinical problem  

PubMed Central

A 30-year-old nulliparous lady presented to our Emergency Gynaecology Service with a 3-day history of epigastric pain and vomiting at 7?weeks of gestation. An intrauterine pregnancy had been confirmed 3?days earlier when she had attended with an episode of left-iliac fossa pain. Unfortunately, she became more unwell within 1?h of admission and as the cause of her symptoms was unclear, she was taken to the theatre for a joint gynaecology and general surgical diagnostic laparoscopy. This revealed a haemoperitoneum of 2?litres and a ruptured ectopic pregnancy in her left fallopian tube. A left salpingectomy was undertaken to remove the ectopic pregnancy. The patient made an excellent recovery and delivered a healthy baby at 39?weeks of gestation without further complication. PMID:23192579

Gibson, Kyle R; Horne, Andrew W

2012-01-01

370

Clinical Presentation, Convalescence, and Relapse of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Dogs Experimentally Infected via Tick Bite  

PubMed Central

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a tick-borne disease caused by R. rickettsii in North and South America. Domestic dogs are susceptible to infection and canine RMSF can be fatal without appropriate treatment. Although clinical signs of R. rickettsii infection in dogs have been described, published reports usually include descriptions of either advanced clinical cases or experimental infections caused by needle-inoculation of cultured pathogen rather than by tick bite. The natural progression of a tick-borne R. rickettsii infection has not been studied in sufficient detail. Here, we provide a detailed description of clinical, hematological, molecular, and serological dynamics of RMSF in domestic dogs from the day of experimental exposure to infected ticks through recovery. Presented data indicate that neither the height/duration of fever nor detection of rickettsial DNA in dogs' blood by PCR are good indicators for clinical prognosis. Only the apex and subsequent subsidence of neutrophilia seem to mark the beginning of recovery and allow predicting a favorable outcome in Rickettsia-infected dogs, even despite the continuing persistence of mucosal petechiae and skin rash. On the other hand the appropriate (doxycycline) antibiotic therapy of sufficient duration is crucial in prevention of RMSF relapses in dogs. PMID:25542001

Levin, Michael L.; Killmaster, Lindsay F.; Zemtsova, Galina E.; Ritter, Jana M.; Langham, Gregory

2014-01-01

371

An Acquired Factor VIII Inhibitor in a Patient with HIV and HCV: A Case Presentation and Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Despite its low incidence, acquired factor VIII inhibitor is the most common autoantibody affecting the clotting cascade. The exact mechanism of acquisition remains unclear, but postpartum patients, those with autoimmune conditions or malignancies, and those with exposure to particular drugs appear most susceptible. There have been several case reports describing acquired FVIII inhibitors in patients receiving interferon alpha for HCV treatment and in patients being treated for HIV. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a patient with HCV and HIV who was not actively receiving treatment for either condition. Case Presentation. A 57-year-old Caucasian male with a history of HIV and HCV was admitted to our hospital for a several day history of progressively worsening right thigh bruising and generalized weakness. CTA of the abdominal arteries revealed large bilateral retroperitoneal hematomas. Laboratory studies revealed the presence of a high titer FVIII inhibitor. Conclusion. Our case of a very rare condition highlights the importance of recognizing and understanding the diagnosis of acquired FVIII inhibitor. Laboratory research and clinical data on the role of newer agents are needed in order to better characterize disease pathogenesis, disease associations, genetic markers, and optimal disease management. PMID:24198984

Zeichner, S. B.; Harris, A.; Turner, G.; Francavilla, M.; Lutzky, J.

2013-01-01

372

Clinical features, survival and prognostic factors of primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the clinical features, survival and prognostic factors of primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods A retrospective study of 37 patients with primary testicular DLBCL was carried out from November 2003 to May 2012. Their clinical features, survival and prognostic factors were analyzed. Results During a median follow-up period of 39.8 months (5.4-93.0 months), the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 26.2 months (95% CI: 0-65 months) and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 78.4%. Within the whole cohort, the factors significantly associated with a superior PFS were limited stage (stage I/II), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ?245 U/L, international prognostic index (IPI) ?1, primary tumor diameter <7.5 cm, and patients who had complete response (CR) and received doxorubicin-contained chemotherapy (P<0.05). There was a trend toward superior outcome for patients who received combined therapy (surgery/chemotherapy/radiotherapy) (P=0.055). Patients who had CR, primary tumor diameter <7.5 cm and IPI score ?1 were significantly associated with longer PFS at multivariate analysis. Conclusions Primary testicular DLBCL had poorer survival. CR, primary tumor diameter and IPI were independent prognostic factors. The combined therapy of orchectomy, doxorubicin-contained chemotherapy and contralateral testicular radiotherapy (RT) seemed to improve survival. PMID:25232220

Jia, Bo; Shi, Yuankai; Dong, Mei; Feng, Fengyi; Yang, Sheng; Lin, Hua; Zhou, Liqiang; Zhou, Shengyu; Chen, Shanshan; Yang, Jianliang; Liu, Peng; Qin, Yan; Zhang, Changgong; Gui, Lin; Wang, Lin; Wang, Xue

2014-01-01

373

A Spectrum of Clinical Presentations in Seven Japanese Patients with Vitamin D Deficiency  

PubMed Central

Recently, the reemergence of vitamin D deficiency in developed countries has been pointed out. Vitamin D deficiency is diagnosed based on the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) level. However, its normal range is still controversial, making the diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency difficult. Here, we present seven Japanese patients diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency. Three patients complained of leg bowing, and the other four of tetany. The patients with leg bowing were toddlers. Radiographic surveys demonstrated evidence of rickets. Laboratory findings showed decreased levels of serum inorganic phosphorus and increased levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and intact-parathyroid hormone (iPTH). The serum levels of 25OHD were relatively low, ranging from 13 to 15.2 ng/ml. Of the patients with tetany, three were young infants. Laboratory findings showed decreased levels of serum calcium and increased levels of ALP and iPTH. The serum levels of 25OHD were markedly decreased (below 8 ng/ml). Thus, these results indicate that relatively low levels of 25OHD can cause rickets, a symptom of vitamin D deficiency, and that clinicians should therefore carefully evaluate the levels of 25OHD. PMID:24790316

Kubota, Takuo; Kotani, Tomoo; Miyoshi, Yoko; Santo, Yoko; Hirai, Haruhiko; Namba, Noriyuki; Shima, Masaaki; Shimizu, Kazuo; Nakajima, Shigeo; Ozono, Keiichi

2006-01-01

374

Regulation of transcription factor E2F3a and its clinical relevance in ovarian cancer.  

PubMed

Recently we showed an integral epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-E2F3a signaling path, in which E2F3a was found to be essential in EGFR-mediated proliferation in ovarian cancer cells. The present work evaluates the clinical relevance of this novel axis and of E2F3a itself in a large set of 130 ovarian cancer specimens. For this purpose E2F3a and its counterpart, E2F3b, were measured by RT-PCR and activated EGFR was assessed by immunohistochemistry. When compared with healthy control tissue, both E2F3 isoforms were overexpressed in the cancers, but only E2F3a expression correlated with tumor stage (?=0.349, P=0.0001) and residual disease (?=0.254, P=0.004). Univariate survival analyses showed E2F3a and activated EGFR to be associated with poor PFS and OS. Furthermore, a strong, positive correlation between activated EGFR and E2F3a expression was shown (P=0.0001). We further identified two EGFR-independent mechanisms that regulate E2F3a expression, namely one, acting by promoter methylation of miR-34a, which by its physical interaction with E2F3a transcripts causes their degradation, and the second based on 6p22 gene locus amplification. MiRIDIAN-based knockdown and induction of miR-34a evidenced a direct regulatory link between miR-34a and E2F3a, and the tumor-suppressive character of miR-34a was documented by its association with improved survival. Although, 6p22 gene locus amplification was detected in a significant number of ovarian cancer specimens, 6p22 ploidy was not relevant in predicting survival. In Cox regression analysis, E2F3a, but not activated EGFR or miR-34a expression, retained independent prognostic significance (PFS: hazards ratio 3.785 (1.326-9.840), P=0.013; OS: hazards ratio 4.651 (1.189-15.572), P=0.013). These clinical findings highlight the relevance of E2F3a in the biology of ovarian cancer. Moreover, identification of EGFR-independent mechanisms in E2F3a control can be helpful in explaining the non-responsiveness of therapeutic EGFR targeting in ovarian cancer. PMID:21516127

Reimer, D; Hubalek, M; Kiefel, H; Riedle, S; Skvortsov, S; Erdel, M; Hofstetter, G; Concin, N; Fiegl, H; Müller-Holzner, E; Marth, C; Altevogt, P; Zeimet, A G

2011-09-22

375

Acquired factor VIII inhibitors in non-haemophilic patients: clinical experience of 15 cases.  

PubMed

We retrospectively analysed 15 non-haemophilic patients with acquired factor VIII inhibitors seen in our regional haemophilia centre. The median age was 55 years (range: 21-80). About 70% of patients older than 50 were male, while all five patients younger than 50 were female. The most common underlying condition was pregnancy or postpartum status (20%). About 27% of cases had no identifiable underlying condition. About 27% of patients had medical conditions that were unlikely to be related to acquired inhibitors. The most frequent presenting symptom was spontaneous haemorrhage of soft tissues, skin or joints. Twelve of 13 (92.3%) evaluable patients achieved complete remission (CR) with prednisone alone and/or combined prednisone and cyclophosphamide, but their clinical courses were highly variable. The median time to response was 21.5 weeks (range: 2-176) and the median treatment duration was 9 months (range: 1.25-66). All six patients treated with prednisone initially, and then combined prednisone/cyclophosphamide if no response (NR) to prednisone within 3-4 months (three patients), achieved CR; while four of five patients treated initially with combined prednisone/cyclophosphamide had CR. Patients older than 50 years had a similar response rate, median time to response and median treatment duration as did patients younger than 50 years (83% vs. 100%; 21.5 vs. 32 weeks, and 8 vs 16.5 months, respectively). Furthermore, the differences in the median time to response and treatment duration for patients with high or low baseline or peak inhibitor titres were negligible. Only one patient died of a treatment-related pulmonary aspergillosis 18 months after an acquired inhibitor was diagnosed. None of these patients died of bleeding complications. In conclusion, our patients with acquired FVIII inhibitor had highly variable clinical courses and responses to steroid or immunosuppressive therapy. The inhibitors in the majority of patients resolved in less than 6 months although in two cases it persisted for longer than 1 year before resolving. Treatment with prednisone alone as first line, then combined prednisone with cyclophosphamide if NR to prednisone seemed equally effective when compared with using combined prednisone and cyclophosphamide initially. Further studies of newer therapeutic agents such as 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CDA) and rituximab are warranted for patients refractory to conventional immunosupressive therapy. PMID:15569166

Huang, Y-W; Saidi, P; Philipp, C

2004-11-01

376

Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection in a clinical presentation of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome: a case report with multigene diagnostic approach  

PubMed Central

Background Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (FHCS) is caused by inflammation of perihepatic capsules associated with pelvic inflammatory disease. In recent years, infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been increasingly occurring in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. However, NTM has never been reported in patients with FHCS. We present the first case of a patient with extrapulmonary NTM infection in a clinical presentation of FHCS. Case presentation A 26-year-old Korean woman presented with right upper quadrant and suprapubic pain. She was initially suspected to have FHCS. However, she was refractory to conventional antibiotic therapy. Laparoscopy revealed multiple violin-string adhesions of the parietal peritoneum to the liver and miliary-like nodules on the peritoneal surfaces. Diagnosis of NTM was confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction analysis results of biopsy specimens that showed caseating granulomas with positive acid-fast bacilli. Treatment with anti-NTM medications was initiated, and the patient’s symptoms were considerably ameliorated. Conclusions An awareness of NTM as potential pathogens, even in previously healthy adults, and efforts to exclude other confounding diseases are important to establish the diagnosis of NTM disease. NTM infection can cause various clinical manifestations, which in the present case, overlapped with the symptoms of perihepatic inflammation seen in FHCS. PMID:25115526

2014-01-01

377

Clinical Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of 695 Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated with Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

PubMed Central

Objective. The 5-year clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were evaluated. Methods. Six hundred ninety five NPC patients primarily treated with IMRT in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from January, 2003 to December, 2006 were analyzed retrospectively, including 540 males and 155 females. The prescription dose was delivered as follows: gross target volume (GTVnx) 67–76?Gy in 30–33 fractions, positive neck lymph nodes (GTVln-R/L) 60–70?Gy in 30–33 fractions, high-risk clinical target volume (CTV1) 60–66?Gy, low-risk clinical target volume (CTV2) 54–60?Gy, and clinical target volume of cervical lymph node regions (CTVln) 50–55?Gy. Results. The 5-year local control (LC), regional control, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease free survival, disease specific survival, and overall survival (OS) rates were 89.8%, 95.2%, 74.1%, 69.6%, 83.2%, and 77.1%. The 5-year DMFS of IMRT and IMRT combined with chemotherapy was 62.1% and 70.9%, the OS of them was 72.9% and 79.1%. The incidence of grade 3 acute and late toxicity was 38.3% and 4.2%, respectively. Conclusion. The 5-year LC and OS rate of NPC treated with IMRT was 89.8% and 77.1%. The clinical stage, N stage, volume of GTVnx, and chemotherapy were the main prognostic factor for the OS. Distant metastasis was the main pattern of failure. PMID:25162028

Wang, Weidong; Feng, Mei; Fan, Zixuan; Li, Jie; Lang, Jinyi

2014-01-01

378

Computational challenges and human factors influencing the design and use of clinical research participant eligibility pre-screening tools  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials are the primary mechanism for advancing clinical care and evidenced-based practice, yet challenges with the recruitment of participants for such trials are widely recognized as a major barrier to these types of studies. Data warehouses (DW) store large amounts of heterogenous clinical data that can be used to enhance recruitment practices, but multiple challenges exist when using a data warehouse for such activities, due to the manner of collection, management, integration, analysis, and dissemination of the data. A critical step in leveraging the DW for recruitment purposes is being able to match trial eligibility criteria to discrete and semi-structured data types in the data warehouse, though trial eligibility criteria tend to be written without concern for their computability. We present the multi-modal evaluation of a web-based tool that can be used for pre-screening patients for clinical trial eligibility and assess the ability of this tool to be practically used for clinical research pre-screening and recruitment. Methods The study used a validation study, usability testing, and a heuristic evaluation to evaluate and characterize the operational characteristics of the software as well as human factors affecting its use. Results Clinical trials from the Division of Cardiology and the Department of Family Medicine were used for this multi-modal evaluation, which included a validation study, usability study, and a heuristic evaluation. From the results of the validation study, the software demonstrated a positive predictive value (PPV) of 54.12% and 0.7%, respectively, and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 73.3% and 87.5%, respectively, for two types of clinical trials. Heuristic principles concerning error prevention and documentation were characterized as the major usability issues during the heuristic evaluation. Conclusions This software is intended to provide an initial list of eligible patients to a clinical study coordinators, which provides a starting point for further eligibility screening by the coordinator. Because this software has a high “rule in” ability, meaning that it is able to remove patients who are not eligible for the study, the use of an automated tool built to leverage an existing enterprise DW can be beneficial to determining eligibility and facilitating clinical trial recruitment through pre-screening. While the results of this study are promising, further refinement and study of this and related approaches to automated eligibility screening, including comparison to other approaches and stakeholder perceptions, are needed and future studies are planned to address these needs. PMID:22646313

2012-01-01

379

Proteasome Functioning in Breast Cancer: Connection with Clinical-Pathological Factors  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is one of four oncology diseases that are most widespread in the world. Moreover, breast cancer is one of leading causes of cancer-related deaths in female population within economically developed regions of the world. So far, detection of new mechanisms of breast cancer development is very important for discovery of novel areas in which therapy approaches may be elaborated. The objective of the present study is to investigate involvement of proteasomes, which cleave up to 90% of cellular proteins and regulate numerous cellular processes, in mechanisms of breast cancer development. Proteasome characteristics in 106 patient breast carcinomas and adjacent tissues, as well as relationships of detected proteasome parameters with clinical-pathological factors, were investigated. Proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity was evaluated by hydrolysis of fluorogenic peptide Suc-LLVY-AMC. The expression of proteasome subunits was studied by Western-blotting and immunohistochemistry. The wide range of chymotrypsin-like activity in tumors was detected. Activity in tumors was higher if compared to adjacent tissues in 76 from 106 patients. Multiple analysis of generalized linear models discovered that in estrogen ?-receptor absence, tumor growth was connected with the enhanced expression of proteasome immune subunit LMP2 and proteasome activator PA700 in tumor (at 95% confidence interval). Besides, by this analysis we detected some phenomena in adjacent tissue, which are important for tumor growth and progression of lymph node metastasis in estrogen ?-receptor absence. These phenomena are related to the enhanced expression of activator PA700 and immune subunit LMP7. Thus, breast cancer development is connected with functioning of immune proteasome forms and activator PA700 in patients without estrogen ?-receptors in tumor cells. These results could indicate a field for search of new therapy approaches for this category of patients, which has the worst prognosis of health recovery. PMID:25329802

Shashova, Elena E.; Lyupina, Yulia V.; Glushchenko, Svetlana A.; Slonimskaya, Elena M.; Savenkova, Olga V.; Kulikov, Alexey M.; Gornostaev, Nikolay G.; Kondakova, Irina V.; Sharova, Natalia P.

2014-01-01

380

Proteasome functioning in breast cancer: connection with clinical-pathological factors.  

PubMed

Breast cancer is one of four oncology diseases that are most widespread in the world. Moreover, breast cancer is one of leading causes of cancer-related deaths in female population within economically developed regions of the world. So far, detection of new mechanisms of breast cancer development is very important for discovery of novel areas in which therapy approaches may be elaborated. The objective of the present study is to investigate involvement of proteasomes, which cleave up to 90% of cellular proteins and regulate numerous cellular processes, in mechanisms of breast cancer development. Proteasome characteristics in 106 patient breast carcinomas and adjacent tissues, as well as relationships of detected proteasome parameters with clinical-pathological factors, were investigated. Proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity was evaluated by hydrolysis of fluorogenic peptide Suc-LLVY-AMC. The expression of proteasome subunits was studied by Western-blotting and immunohistochemistry. The wide range of chymotrypsin-like activity in tumors was detected. Activity in tumors was higher if compared to adjacent tissues in 76 from 106 patients. Multiple analysis of generalized linear models discovered that in estrogen ?-receptor absence, tumor growth was connected with the enhanced expression of proteasome immune subunit LMP2 and proteasome activator PA700 in tumor (at 95% confidence interval). Besides, by this analysis we detected some phenomena in adjacent tissue, which are important for tumor growth and progression of lymph node metastasis in estrogen ?-receptor absence. These phenomena are related to the enhanced expression of activator PA700 and immune subunit LMP7. Thus, breast cancer development is connected with functioning of immune proteasome forms and activator PA700 in patients without estrogen ?-receptors in tumor cells. These results could indicate a field for search of new therapy approaches for this category of patients, which has the worst prognosis of health recovery. PMID:25329802

Shashova, Elena E; Lyupina, Yulia V; Glushchenko, Svetlana A; Slonimskaya, Elena M; Savenkova, Olga V; Kulikov, Alexey M; Gornostaev, Nikolay G; Kondakova, Irina V; Sharova, Natalia P

2014-01-01

381

Clinical implications for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in the lung: friend or foe?  

PubMed Central

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mediator of angiogenesis which has multiple effects in lung development and physiology. VEGF is expressed in several parts of the lung and the pleura while it has been shown that changes in its expression play a significant role in the pathophysiology of some of the most common respiratory disorders, such as acute lung injury, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obstructive sleep apnea, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, pleural disease, and lung cancer. However, the exact role of VEGF in the lung is not clear yet, as there is contradictory evidence that suggests either a protective or a harmful role. VEGF seems to interfere in a different manner, depending on its amount, the location, and the underlying pathologic process in lung tissue. The lack of VEGF in some disease entities may provide implications for its substitution, whereas its overexpression in other lung disorders has led to interventions for the attenuation of its action. Many efforts have been made in order to regulate the expression of VEGF and anti-VEGF antibodies are already in use for the management of lung cancer. Further research is still needed for the complete understanding of the exact role of VEGF in health and disease, in order to take advantage of its benefits and avoid its adverse effects. The scope of the present review is to summarize from a clinical point of view the changes in VEGF expression in several disorders of the respiratory system and focus on its diagnostic and therapeutic implications. PMID:17044926

Papaioannou, Andriana I; Kostikas, Konstantinos; Kollia, Panagoula; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos I

2006-01-01

382

Progressive outer retinal necrosis syndrome: a comprehensive review of its clinical presentation, relationship to immune system status, and management.  

PubMed

Progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) syndrome is a form of the Varicella zoster virus (VZV) chorioretinitis found almost exclusively in people with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This destructive infection has an extremely rapid course that may lead to no light perception in affected eyes within days or weeks. Attempts at its treatment have had limited success. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachments often occur after the development of atrophic retinal holes, and silicone oil temponade has been found to be the most successful reattachment procedure. Unfortunately, cataract formation is common after such surgery. PORN needs to be differentiated from acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome, a necrotizing retinitis that can also be caused by VZV. PORN and ARN are found at opposite ends of the spectrum of necrotizing herpetic retinopathies (NHR), where its clinical presentation depends upon immune system status. After a brief case presentation, the distinguishing clinical characteristics of PORN, its differentiation from ARN, attempts at its treatment, the role of the immune system status on its clinical appearance and treatment, and management of complications such as retinal detachment and subsequent cataracts are discussed. PMID:11137426

Austin

2000-12-01

383

Nerve growth factor variations in patients with mood disorders: no changes in eight weeks of clinical treatment  

PubMed Central

Background Nerve growth factor (NGF) has received much attention for its role in mood disorders. The primary objective of the present study was to examine serum NGF levels in Chinese inpatients with depressive or manic episodes in the acute phase and to explore the changes in NGF levels after effective clinical treatments. Methods One hundred and seven consecutive inpatients and outpatients with mood disorders (30 with unipolar depression, 23 with bipolar depression, and 54 with bipolar mania), and 50 healthy controls were recruited. The serum NGF levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results Patients with bipolar mania presented higher serum NGF levels compared to those of healthy controls. After 8 weeks of medical treatment, there were significant improvements in symptoms in patients, but no significant changes in NGF levels. Conclusion The present findings may help to strengthen and expand the understanding of the role of NGF in the acute stages of mood disorders. PMID:24868159

Liu, Xiaohua; Zhang, Tianhong; He, Shen; Hong, Bo; Peng, Daihui; Su, Hui; Li, Fei; Tang, Yingying; Lin, Zhiguang; Fang, Yiru; Jiang, Kaida

2014-01-01

384

Clinical heterogeneity of human neurocysticercosis results from complex interactions among parasite, host and environmental factors.  

PubMed

Human neurocysticercosis (NC) is endemic in most countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa and is re-emerging in some industrialized nations. Both within and among endemic countries, NC is very variable in its clinical and radiological features, as well as in the intensity of the immuno-inflammatory reactions of the hosts. This review, focusing on the Mexican experience, describes and interprets the heterogeneity of NC as the result of different combinations among factors associated with the parasite, host and environment. The review may serve to foster similar descriptive efforts in other endemic areas of the world in order to facilitate the identification of the distinct factors that participate in the complex pathogenesis and diverse clinical outcomes of NC. In particular, it is necessary to understand the precise physiopathology of the inflammatory reaction associated with NC, as inflammation is one of the characteristics of those NC cases that are clinically more severe and less responsive to current treatments. Devising new medical interventions through the use of molecular regulators of the innate and adaptive immune responses of the host is a largely unexplored approach that could improve the existing forms of treatment. PMID:20116079

Fleury, Agnès; Escobar, Alfonso; Fragoso, Gladis; Sciutto, Edda; Larralde, Carlos

2010-04-01

385

Clinical signs indicative of temporomandibular disorders in adults: time trends and associated factors.  

PubMed

The study aimed to examine possible time trends in the prevalence of clinical signs indicative of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in an adult population, to analyse possible associations between TMD signs and associated factors and to estimate the need for TMD treatment. Three independent, stratified and randomly selected samples of around 100 individuals in the age groups of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 years participated in the Jönköping studies in 1983,1993 and 2003. The study material consisted of 1,693 subjects who, after answering a questionnaire and being interviewed about the presence of TMD symptoms, were clinically examined in terms of the presence of TMD signs according to the Clinical Dysfunction Index (Di) by Helkimo. Associations between clinical signs and the Di as dependent variables and each of the independent variables of age group, gender, reported bruxism, trauma, self-perceived healthiness and the year of investigation were analysed in binary logistic regression models. Estimates of the need for TMD treatment were based on the presence of a combination of severe symptoms and clinical signs. The prevalence of severely impaired jaw movement capacity, relating to horizontal movements, had increased in 2003. The prevalence of muscle pain and temporomandibular joint pain upon posterior palpation was found to vary statistically significantly between 1993 and 2003. Gender differences were noted in these changes overtime. Female gender, advancing age, awareness of bruxism, self-perceived health impairment and the wearing of complete dentures were associated with TMD signs and a higher degree of clinical dysfunction. The estimated need for TMD treatment increased from 5% in 1983 to 8% in 2003 and was higher in women than in men. In conclusion, the results indicate that the prevalence of some TMD signs and of estimated treatment need increased during the period 1983-2003. PMID:23721032

Köhler, Alkisti Anastassaki; Hugoson, Anders; Magnusson, Tomas

2013-01-01

386

Factors shaping effective utilization of health information technology in urban safety-net clinics.  

PubMed

Urban safety-net clinics are considered prime targets for the adoption of health information technology innovations; however, little is known about their utilization in such safety-net settings. Current scholarship provides limited guidance on the implementation of health information technology into safety-net settings as it typically assumes that adopting institutions have sufficient basic resources. This study addresses this gap by exploring the unique challenges urban resource-poor safety-net clinics must consider when adopting and utilizing health information technology. In-depth interviews (N = 15) were used with key stakeholders (clinic chief executive officers, medical directors, nursing directors, chief financial officers, and information technology directors) from staff at four clinics to explore (a) nonhealth information technology-related clinic needs, (b) how health information technology may provide solutions, and (c) perceptions of and experiences with health information technology. Participants identified several challenges, some of which appear amenable to health information technology solutions. Also identified were requirements for effective utilization of health information technology including physical infrastructural improvements, funding for equipment/training, creation of user groups to share health information technology knowledge/experiences, and specially tailored electronic billing guidelines. We found that despite the potential benefit that can be derived from health information technologies, the unplanned and uninformed introduction of these tools into these settings might actually create more problems than are solved. From these data, we were able to identify a set of factors that should be considered when integrating health information technology into the existing workflows of low-resourced urban safety-net clinics in order to maximize their utilization and enhance the quality of health care in such settings. PMID:23981394

George, Sheba; Garth, Belinda; Fish, Allison; Baker, Richard

2013-09-01

387

A review of human factors principles for the design and implementation of medication safety alerts in clinical information systems  

PubMed Central

The objective of this review is to describe the implementation of human factors principles for the design of alerts in clinical information systems. First, we conduct a review of alarm systems to identify human factors principles that are employed in the design and implementation of alerts. Second, we review the medical informatics literature to provide examples of the implementation of human factors principles in current clinical information systems using alerts to provide medication decision support. Last, we suggest actionable recommendations for delivering effective clinical decision support using alerts. A review of studies from the medical informatics literature suggests that many basic human factors principles are not followed, possibly contributing to the lack of acceptance of alerts in clinical information systems. We evaluate the limitations of current alerting philosophies and provide recommendations for improving acceptance of alerts by incorporating human factors principles in their design. PMID:20819851

Edworthy, Judy; Hellier, Elizabeth; Seger, Diane L; Schedlbauer, Angela; Avery, Anthony J; Bates, David W

2010-01-01

388

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibition Strategies in Pancreatic Cancer: Past, Present and the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Pancreatic carcinoma is an unusually lethal disease and to date treatment with standard chemotherapy has yielded disappointing results. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is known to be over-expressed in pancreatic cancer and there is data to suggest that this molecular characteristic may be a poor prognostic factor as it may denote a more aggressive form of the disease.

Michael Cohenuram; Muhammad Wasif Saif

389

76 FR 55213 - Technical Amendments to Federal Employees' Retirement System; Present Value Conversion Factors...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...used to convert a lump sum basic employee death benefit under 5 U.S.C. 8442(b...that the revised factor would apply to deaths occurring on or after October 1, 2004. The revised factor, however, applies to deaths occurring on or after October 1,...

2011-09-07

390

Acquired factor V inhibitor in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma presenting with hematuria followed by thrombosis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Acquired factor V inhibitor is a rare hemostatic disorder that presents with hemorrhagic manifestations in the vast majority of patients. Factor V inhibitor may develop through a variety of mechanisms involving development of alloantibodies or autoantibodies specific to Factor V. Autoantibodies, in particular, have been reported in a number of conditions. In this report, we describe a case of acquired factor V inhibitor in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma who presented with hematuria. Seven weeks after diagnosis and successful management, the patient developed deep vein thrombosis in the right lower extremity. The patient’s factor V levels were normalized, and the inhibitor was successfully eradicated using corticosteroids. Here, we discuss this rare disorder, its unusual manifestation, and provide a mini-review of the current literature regarding factor V inhibitors. PMID:24591851

AlJohani, Naif I; Matthews, John H

2014-01-01

391

Preclinical and clinical characteristics of rivaroxaban: a novel, oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor.  

PubMed

There are several novel anticoagulants in development that target factor Xa(FXa)-the pivotal point of the coagulation cascade. One promising agent is rivaroxaban (a highly selective, oral, direct FXa inhibitor), which is in advanced clinical development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Oral rivaroxaban may be given in fixed once-daily doses, with the potential for no coagulation monitoring. These properties, along with results from preclinical and clinical studies, suggest that rivaroxaban may have advantages over current treatments. Studies in arterial and venous animal models demonstrated that rivaroxaban has potent antithrombotic effects, without prolonging bleeding times. In healthy subjects, rivaroxaban was well tolerated, with a predictable pharmacological profile and a low propensity for clinically relevant drug-drug interactions. Phase II studies of rivaroxaban for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major orthopedic surgery support these findings. The results also suggested that a total daily dose range of 5 to 20 mg rivaroxaban had similar efficacy and safety to enoxaparin, and that 10 mg rivaroxaban once daily was the optimal dose. This review assesses the preclinical and clinical characteristics of rivaroxaban, and discusses phase II findings with rivaroxaban for the prevention of VTE after major orthopedic surgery. PMID:17629849

Laux, Volker; Perzborn, Elisabeth; Kubitza, Dagmar; Misselwitz, Frank

2007-07-01

392

Recent advances in clinical trials of the direct and indirect selective Factor Xa inhibitors.  

PubMed

Over the years, pharmacological intervention to prevent undesired intravascular coagulation and the associated detrimental effects has been a clinical challenge. The first generation of anticoagulant agents, warfarin and unfractionated heparin (UFH), involve indirect mechanisms of inhibiting the coagulation cascade. Fractionated, or low-molecular weight, heparins (LMWHs) are more selective for coagulation Factor Xa (FXa) over thrombin (FIIa). LMWHs also utilise an indirect mechanism of inhibition and have improved pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and therapeutic profiles over UFH. The success of LMWHs, along with the pivotal location of FXa in the coagulation cascade, has prompted interest in the discovery and development of selective FXa inhibitors. There are two general classes of FXa inhibitors in development, of which SR90107A/ORG31540, an antithrombin-III-dependent pentasaccharide and DX-9065a, a small molecule direct FXa inhibitor, have published clinical data. SR90107A/ORG31540 and DX-9065a offer safe, predictable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles when administered subcutaneously and intravenously, respectively, to healthy volunteers and appear to be progressing through clinical development. The purpose of this review is to compile and summarise the published Phase I and II clinical data for SR90107A/ORG31540 and DX-9065a. PMID:11060763

Porcari, A R; Chi, L; Leadley, R

2000-07-01

393

Clinical genetic testing for male factor infertility: current applications and future directions.  

PubMed

Spermatogenesis involves the aggregated action of up to 2300 genes, any of which, could, potentially, provide targets for diagnostic tests of male factor infertility. Contrary to the previously proposed common variant hypothesis for common diseases such as male infertility, genome-wide association studies and targeted gene sequencing in cohorts of infertile men have identified only a few gene polymorphisms that are associated with male infertility. Unfortunately, the search for genetic variants associated with male infertility is further hampered by the lack of viable animal models of human spermatogenesis, difficulty in robustly phenotyping infertile men and the complexity of pedigree studies in male factor infertility. In this review, we describe basic genetic principles involved in understanding the genetic basis of male infertility and examine the utility and proper clinical use of the proven genetic assays of male factor infertility, specifically Y chromosome microdeletions, chromosomal translocations, karyotype, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutation analysis and sperm genetic tests. Unfortunately, these tests are only able to diagnose the cause of about 20% of male factor infertility. The remainder of the review will be devoted to examining novel tests and diagnostic tools that have the potential to explain the other 80% of male factor infertility that is currently classified as idiopathic. Those tests include epigenetic analysis of the spermatozoa and the evaluation of rare genetic variants and copy number variations in patients. Success in advancing to the implementation of such areas is not only dependent on technological advances in the laboratory, but also improved phenotyping in the clinic. PMID:24711280

Hotaling, J; Carrell, D T

2014-05-01

394

Differences in the clinical presentation and the frequency of complications between elderly and non-elderly scrub typhus patients.  

PubMed

Age can affect the clinical features and severity of infectious disorders, such as scrub typhus. We performed this study to examine differences between elderly and non-elderly scrub typhus patients, and to identify risk factors predictive of disease outcomes. This retrospective study included patients admitted to a tertiary hospital with scrub typhus between 2001 and 2011. A total of 615 patients were enrolled in this study, 328 of which were >65 years of age. Of the elderly patients, 46.0% (151/328) experienced at least one complication compared to only 23.0% (66/287) in younger patients. A linear trend was observed between age and complication rates (p=0.002). The most common complication in elderly patients was acute kidney injury (75, 22.9%). Treatment failure was reported in 10 elderly patients (3.0%) compared to one non-elderly patient (0.3%). Mental confusion and dyspnea of clinical manifestations at admission were common in elderly patients. Frequency of fever, rash, and eschar were similar in both groups. The following four factors were significantly associated with severe scrub typhus in elderly patients: (1) white blood cell (WBC) counts>10,000/mm(3) (OR=2.569, CI=1.298-5.086), (2) MDRD GFR<60mL/min (OR=3.525, CI=1.864-6.667), (3) albumin?3.0g/dL (OR=4.976, CI=2.664-9.294), and (4) acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score>10 points (OR=3.304, CI=1.793-60.87). Complications and mortality were more common in elderly patients, often associated with delays in diagnosis and treatment. PMID:24268946

Jang, Mi-Ok; Kim, Ji Eun; Kim, Uh Jin; Ahn, Joon Hwan; Kang, Seung-Ji; Jang, Hee-Chang; Jung, Sook-In; Park, Kyung-Hwa

2014-01-01

395

Expression of Livin and vascular endothelial growth factor in different clinical stages of human esophageal carcinoma  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the role of Livin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human esophageal carcinoma, and analyze its relationship to clinical stages. METHODS: Expression of Livin in fresh esophageal cancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and VEGF by Western blotting and RT-PCR. All statistical analyses were performed by SPSS version 11.0. RESULTS: Livin positivity was also significantly correlated with tumor stages, increasing with tumor progression. Expression of Livin and VEGF increased with the process of esophageal carcinoma. In the fourth clinical stage, expression of Livin and VEGF was the most significant. Expression of Livin was positively correlated with VEGF. CONCLUSION: Over-expression of Livin and VEGF contributes to the pathogenesis of esophageal carcinoma. PMID:18837095

Chen, Li; Ren, Guo-Sheng; Li, Fan; Sun, Shan-Quan

2008-01-01

396

Variants in the ATM-CHEK2-BRCA1 axis determine genetic predisposition and clinical presentation of papillary thyroid carcinoma.  

PubMed

The risk of developing papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the most frequent form of thyroid malignancy, is elevated up to 8.6-fold in first-degree relatives of PTC patients. The familial risk could be explained by high-penetrance mutations in yet unidentified genes, or polygenic action of low-penetrance alleles. Since the DNA-damaging exposure to ionizing radiation is a known risk factor for thyroid cancer, polymorphisms in DNA repair genes are likely to affect this risk. In a search for low-penetrance susceptibility alleles we employed Sequenom technology to genotype deleterious polymorphisms in ATM, CHEK2, and BRCA1 in 1,781 PTC patients and 2,081 healthy controls. As a result of the study, we identified CHEK2 rs17879961 (OR?=?2.2, P?=?2.37e-10) and BRCA1 rs16941 (odds ratio [OR]?=?1.16, P?=?0.005) as risk alleles for PTC. The ATM rs1801516 variant modifies the risk associated with the BRCA1 variant by 0.78 (P?=?0.02). Both the ATM and BRCA1 variants modify the impact of male gender on clinical variables: T status (P?=?0.007), N status (P?=?0.05), and stage (P?=?0.035). Our findings implicate an important role of variants in the ATM- CHEK2- BRCA1 axis in modification of the genetic predisposition to PTC and its clinical manifestations. PMID:24599715

Wójcicka, Anna; Czetwerty?ska, Ma?gorzata; ?wierniak, Micha?; D?ugosi?ska, Joanna; Maci?g, Monika; Czajka, Agnieszka; Dymecka, Kinga; Kubiak, Anna; Kot, Adam; P?oski, Rafa?; de la Chapelle, Albert; Ja?d?ewski, Krystian

2014-06-01

397

Rural, Suburban, and Urban Differences in Factors That Impact Physician Adherence to Clinical Preventive Service Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Purpose Rural-urban disparities in provision of preventive services exist, but there is sparse research on how rural, suburban, or urban differences impact physician adherence to clinical preventive service guidelines. We aimed to identify factors that may cause differences in adherence to preventive service guidelines among rural, suburban, and urban primary care physicians. Methods This qualitative study involved in-depth semi-structured interviews with 29 purposively sampled primary care physicians (10 rural, 10 suburban, 9 urban) in Missouri. Physicians were asked to describe barriers and facilitators to clinical preventive service guideline adherence. Using techniques from grounded theory analysis, 2 coders first independently conducted content analysis then reconciled differences in coding to ensure agreement on intended meaning of transcripts. Findings Patient epidemiologic differences, distance to health care services, and care coordination were reported as prominent factors that produced differences in preventive service guideline adherence among rural, suburban, and urban physicians. Epidemiologic differences impacted all physicians, but rural physicians highlighted the importance of occupational risk factors in their patients. Greater distance to health care services reduced visit frequency and was a prominent barrier for rural physicians. Care coordination among health care providers was problematic for suburban and urban physicians. Patient resistance to medical care and inadequate access to resources and specialists were identified as barriers by some rural physicians. Conclusions The rural, suburban, or urban context impacts whether a physician will adhere to clinical preventive service guidelines. Efforts to increase guideline adherence should consider the barriers and facilitators unique to rural, suburban, or urban areas. PMID:24383480

Khoong, Elaine C.; Gibbert, Wesley S.; Garbutt, Jane M.; Sumner, Walton; Brownson, Ross C.

2013-01-01

398

Rotator Cuff Repair: Published Evidence on Factors Associated With Repair Integrity and Clinical Outcome.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND:Rotator cuff tears are common, and rotator cuff repair represents a major health care expense. While patients often benefit from rotator cuff repair, anatomic failure of the repair is not unusual. PURPOSE:To identify the published evidence on the factors associated with retears and with suboptimal clinical outcomes of rotator cuff repairs. STUDY DESIGN:Systematic review and meta-analysis of articles with evidence levels 1-4. METHODS:A total of 2383 articles on rotator cuff repairs published between 1980 and 2012 were identified. Only 108 of these articles, reporting on over 8011 shoulders, met the inclusion criteria of reporting quantitative data on both imaging and clinical outcomes after rotator cuff repair. Factors related to the patients, their shoulders, the procedures, and the results were systematically categorized and submitted for meta-analysis. RESULTS:While the number of relevant articles published per year increased dramatically over the period of the study, the clinical and anatomic results did not show improvement over this period. The weighted mean retear rate was 26.6% at a mean of 23.7 months after surgery. Retears were associated with more fatty infiltration, larger tear size, advanced age, and double-row repairs. Clinical improvement averaged 72% of the maximum possible improvement. Patient-reported outcomes were generally improved whether or not the repair restored the integrity of the rotator cuff. The inconsistent and incomplete data in the published articles limited the meta-analysis of factors affecting the outcome of rotator cuff repair. CONCLUSION:In spite of a dramatic increase in the number of publications per year, there is little evidence that the results of rotator cuff repair are improving. The information needed to guide the management of this commonly treated and costly condition is seriously deficient. To accumulate the evidence necessary to inform practice, future clinical studies on the outcome of rotator cuff repair must report important data relating to each patient's condition, the surgical technique, the outcome in terms of integrity, and the change in patient self-assessed comfort and function. PMID:24753240