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1

[The German version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International Version (FES-I)].  

PubMed

The German version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International Version (FES-I), which is presented, was developed for the documentation of fall-related selfefficacy in older persons by a EU-funded expert network (Prevention of Falls Network Europe ProFaNE). The FES-I represents a modification of the original Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), including additional items on complex functional performances and social aspects of falls. The FES-I shows high internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.96) as well as high test-retest reliability (r=0.96). The mean inter-item correlation was: r = 0.55 (Range r = 0.29-0.79). Results of validation studies for the FES-I in community dwelling older persons for different European countries and geriatric patients with cognitive impairment will be published in the near future. PMID:16900450

Dias, N; Kempen, G I J M; Todd, C J; Beyer, N; Freiberger, E; Piot-Ziegler, C; Yardley, L; Hauer, K

2006-08-01

2

Validity and Sensitivity to Change of the Falls Efficacy Scales International to Assess Fear of Falling in Older Adults with and without Cognitive Impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Measures of fear of falling have not yet been validated in patients with dementia, leaving a methodological gap that limits research in a population at high risk of falling and fall-related consequences. Objective: The objectives of this study are to determine: (1) the validity of the 7-item Short Falls Efficacy Scale International (Short FES-I) in geriatric patients with and

Klaus A. Hauer; Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen; Michael Schwenk; Lucy Yardley; Nina Beyer; Chris Todd; Peter Oster; G. A. Rixt Zijlstra

2011-01-01

3

Clinical assessment of fear of falling after stroke: validity, reliability and responsiveness of the Persian version of the Fall Efficacy Scale-International  

PubMed Central

Background: Fear of falling may be related to falling during stroke onset. The Fall Efficacy ScaleInternational (FES-I) with excellent psychometric properties, is an instrument developed to assess patients’ concerns about fallings. The aim of this study was to determine validation of this scale in Iranian patients with stroke. Methods: The "forward-backward" procedure was applied to translate the FES-I from English to Persian. One hundred-twenty patients who had suffered stroke, aged 40 to 80 years (55% male) completed the Persian FES-I, Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15), General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed up and Go (TUG) questionnaires. The interval time for the test-retest of the Persian scale was 7-14 days. Results: The test-retest and inter-rater reliabilities of the Persian FES-I were excellent (ICC2,1=0.98, p<0.001) and the internal consistency was high (Cronbach’s alpha=0.78). Factor analysis of the 16 items in the Persian scale showed only one significant factor. The total Persian FES-I score had a significantly negative correlation (p<0.001) with the BBS, but it had significantly positive correlation with the TUG, GHQ-28, and GDS-15. The difference in responsiveness scores across fallers and non-fallers yielded a large effect size (0.46), which indicated a good discriminating validity. Conclusion: The Persian FES-I proved to be an effective and valuable measurement tool to assess stroke patients’ fear of falling in practice and research setting.

Azad, Akram; Hassani Mehraban, Afsoon; Mehrpour, Masoud; Mohammadi, Babak

2014-01-01

4

The Effects of Obesity on Fall Efficacy in Elderly People  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to identify the effects of obesity on falls as a practical verification of the importance of obesity-targeting interventions as part of future fall prevention programs. [Subjects and Methods] The study involved 351 elderly people (172 men, 179 women) living in rural areas. The dependent variable, fall efficacy, was measured using the Falls Efficacy Scale, while the independent variables, body mass index (BMI) and visceral fat, were measured using the InBody 720. The Faces Pain Scale was used to measure pain. Mobility was measured using the Timed Up and Go Test, and balance ability was measured according to the duration subjects could stand on one foot with their eyes closed. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed for the final data analysis. [Results] Investigation of the correlations between the variables revealed a negative correlation between fall efficacy and the other variables. Ultimatley, investigation of the causality of fall efficacy revealed that the BMI, pain, and mobility were influential factors. In other words, fall efficacy tends to be lower when there are higher degrees of obesity, increased pain, and decreased mobility. [Conclusion] To improve the fall efficacy of elderly people living in rural areas, pain management and the maintenance of physical functionality are required. The present study confirms that the elderly need continuous obesity management to lead healthy lives. PMID:24396217

Jeon, Byoung-Jin

2013-01-01

5

Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and it is considered a vital aspect of comprehensive balance assessment in PD. FOF can be conceptualized differently. The Falls-Efficacy Scale (FES) assesses fall-related self-efficacy, whereas the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE) assesses activity avoidance due to the risk of falling. This study

Maria H Nilsson; Anna-Maria Drake; Peter Hagell

2010-01-01

6

Assessment of fall-related self-efficacy and activity avoidance in people with Parkinson's disease  

PubMed Central

Background Fear of falling (FOF) is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and it is considered a vital aspect of comprehensive balance assessment in PD. FOF can be conceptualized differently. The Falls-Efficacy Scale (FES) assesses fall-related self-efficacy, whereas the Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE) assesses activity avoidance due to the risk of falling. This study aimed at investigating the validity and reliability of FES and SAFFE in people with PD. Methods Seventy-nine people with PD (mean age; 64 years, SD 7.2) completed the Swedish version of FES(S), SAFFE and the physical functioning (PF) scale of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). FES(S) and SAFFE were administered twice, with an 8.8 (SD 2.3) days interval. Assumptions for summing item scores into total scores were examined and score reliability (Cronbach's alpha and test-retest reliability) were calculated. Construct validity was assessed by examining the pattern of Spearman correlations (rs) between the FES(S)/SAFFE and other variables, and by examining differences in FES(S)/SAFFE scores between fallers and non-fallers, genders, and between those reporting FOF and unsteadiness while turning. Results For both scales, item mean scores (and standard deviations) were roughly similar and corrected item-total correlations exceeded 0.4. Reliabilities were ?0.87. FES(S)-scores correlated strongest (rs, -0.74, p < 0.001) with SAFFE-scores, whereas SAFFE-scores correlated strongest with PF-scores (rs, -0.76, p < 0.001). Both scales correlated weakest with age (rs ? 0.08). Experiencing falls, unsteadiness while turning, and FOF was associated with lower fall-related self-efficacy and higher activity avoidance. Conclusions This study provides initial support for the score reliability and validity of the FES(S) and SAFFE in people with PD. PMID:20973974

2010-01-01

7

Development of Physics Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe development of a Physics Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES) that is a self-administered measure to assess physics self-efficacy beliefs regarding one’s ability to successfully perform physics tasks in physics classroom. The scale is initially composed of 56 items prepared following a brief scrutiny of relating literature on self-efficacy. It was initially administered 30 physics teacher candidates and

Mustafa Erol

2007-01-01

8

Development of Physics Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe development of a Physics Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES) that is a self-administered measure to assess physics self-efficacy beliefs regarding one's ability to successfully perform physics tasks in physics classroom. The scale is initially composed of 56 items prepared following a brief scrutiny of relating literature on self-efficacy. It was initially administered 30 physics teacher candidates and

Serap Çaliskan; Gamze S. Selçuk; Mustafa Erol

2007-01-01

9

Development of Physics Self-Efficacy Scale  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we describe development of a Physics Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES) that is a self-administered measure to assess physics self-efficacy beliefs regarding one's ability to successfully perform physics tasks in physics classroom. The scale is initially composed of 56 items prepared following a brief scrutiny of relating literature on self-efficacy. It was initially administered 30 physics teacher candidates and was also examined by 6 experts of physics education, then ambiguous or incomprehensible 6 items were dismissed. This PSES was tested on 558 undergraduate students all completed fundamental physics courses. Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient of the PSES was calculated as 0.94. The final version of the PSES contained 30 items with 5 dimensions namely, 1. Self-efficacy towards solving physics problems, 2. Self-efficacy towards physics laboratory, 3. Self-efficacy towards learning physics, 4. Self-efficacy towards application of physics knowledge and 5. Self-efficacy towards memorizing physics knowledge.

Çali?kan, Serap; Selçuk, Gamze S.; Erol, Mustafa

2007-04-01

10

Development of a Physical Education Teaching Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships have been found between teacher efficacy and many teaching and learning variables, but few researchers have examined teaching efficacy in physical education. The instrument reported here, the Physical Education Teaching Efficacy Scale, was developed based on the teaching efficacy literature, existing scales, and National Association…

Humphries, Charlotte A.; Hebert, Edward; Daigle, Kay; Martin, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

11

The effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation integration pattern exercise program on the fall efficacy and gait ability of the elders with experienced fall  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of exercising program utilizing proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation integration pattern (PIP), which is effective in improvement of the physical function, on the fall efficacy and gait ability of the elders who experienced injuries from falls. Also, this study aims to investigate he applicability of exercise program as methods for fall reoccurrence prevention and physical functions enhancement. The subjects of the study were 30 elders in the local community with experience of injuries from falls. The period of the study was 4 weeks with 12 exercise sessions. The subjects were randomly allocated to 2 groups where 15 elders were allocated to PIP and the rest 15 elders were allocated to general exercise (GE) group. Fall efficacy scale (FES) and GAITRite were used for the measurements in this study. Paired t-test was used to analyze the differences within the group while independent t-test was used to analyze the difference between two groups. In the comparison of measurements before and after exercise program, FES, velocity, cadence, and stride length were shown to be significantly increased in both PIP group and GE group. Also, in the comparison between two groups after the exercise program, the measurements of FES, cadence, stride length, and step length in PIP group were shown to be significantly increased compared to the GE group. Therefore, the PNF combined pattern is judged to be applicable to as methods for fall reoccurrence prevention and physical functions enhancement of the elders with experience of being fallen. PMID:25210699

Song, Hyun-seung; Park, Seong-doo; Kim, Jin-young

2014-01-01

12

Convergent and predictive validity of three scales related to falls in the elderly.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine if the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), and Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFE) assessments measured fear of falling in the same manner (convergent validity) and to determine if they predicted those individuals who, based upon a previous history of falls, limitation of activity, and not leaving home, had an increased potential for falling (predictive validity). One hundred and eighteen individuals, 60 years of age and older, completed each of the assessments. They self-reported activity restriction, fall history, and the number of times they left the home each week. The convergent validity of each assessment was established by correlating each assessment tool with each of the others. Findings indicated the ABC and FES were highly correlated with each other, indicating they measured similar constructs, and both were moderately correlated with the SAFE, suggesting these assessments measured different constructs. The predictive validity of each instrument in relation to the frequency of falls, limitation of activity, and frequency of leaving the home revealed no individual tool could accurately predict any of these characteristics of the sample. As a result, no one test by itself was able to identify individuals who may be at risk and a candidate for an intervention program. PMID:14763641

Hotchkiss, Anita; Fisher, Andrea; Robertson, Randi; Ruttencutter, Amy; Schuffert, Julie; Barker, David Bruce

2004-01-01

13

Principal self-efficacy and work engagement: assessing a Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

One purpose of the present study was to develop and test the factor structure of a multidimensional and hierarchical Norwegian\\u000a Principal Self-Efficacy Scale (NPSES). Another purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between principal\\u000a self-efficacy and work engagement. Principal self-efficacy was measured by the 22-item NPSES. Work engagement was measured\\u000a by a modified version of the Utrecht Work

Roger A. Federici; Einar M. Skaalvik

14

Development of the Social Efficacy and Social Outcome Expectations Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study developed an 18-item scale measuring individuals' social expectations in relationships related to their efficacy expectations (Subscale 1) and outcome expectations (Subscale 2) based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, using an undergraduate sample ("N"…

Wright, Stephen L.; Wright, Dorothy A.; Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A.

2013-01-01

15

Development and Exploratory Validation of an Organizational Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many instruments have been developed to measure organizational constructs such as citizenship, climate, and organization-based esteem, to date no scale has been designed specifically to measure efficacy at the organizational level. Tools to measure organizational efficacy in a business context have been recommended for over two decades.…

Bohn, James G.

2010-01-01

16

A Confirmatory Study of Rating Scale Category Effectiveness for the Coaching Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extended validity evidence for measures of coaching efficacy derived from the Coaching Efficacy Scale (CES) by testing the rating scale categorizations suggested in previous research. Previous research provided evidence for the effectiveness of a four-category (4-CAT) structure for high school and collegiate sports coaches; it also…

Myers, Nicholas D.; Feltz, Deborah L.; Wolfe, Edward W.

2008-01-01

17

Musculoskeletal Strength, Balance Performance, and Self-Efficacy in Elderly Ving Tsun Chinese Martial Art Practitioners: Implications for Fall Prevention  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To (1) compare the bone strength, lower limb muscular strength, functional balance performance, and balance self-efficacy between Ving Tsun (VT) martial art practitioners and nonpractitioners and (2) identify the associations between lower limb muscular strength, functional balance performance, and balance self-efficacy among the VT-trained participants. Methods. Thirty-five VT practitioners (mean age ± SD = 62.7 ± 13.3 years) and 49 nonpractitioners (mean age ± SD = 65.9 ± 10.5 years) participated in the study. The bone strength of the distal radius, lower limb muscular strength, functional balance performance, and balance self-efficacy were assessed using an ultrasound bone sonometer, the five times sit-to-stand test (FTSTS), the Berg balance scale (BBS), and the Chinese version of the activities-specific balance confidence scale, respectively. A multivariate analysis of covariance was performed to compare all the outcome variables between the two groups. Results. Elderly VT practitioners had higher radial bone strength on the dominant side (P < 0.05), greater lower limb muscular strength (P = 0.001), better functional balance performance (P = 0.003), and greater balance confidence (P < 0.001) than the nonpractitioners. Additionally, only the FTSTS time revealed a significant association with the BBS score (r = ?0.575, ?P = 0.013). Conclusions. VT may be a suitable health-maintenance exercise for the elderly. Our findings may inspire the development of VT fall-prevention exercises for the community-dwelling healthy elderly. PMID:25530782

Fong, Shirley S. M.; Ng, Shamay S. M.; Liu, Karen P. Y.; Pang, Marco Y. C.; Lee, H. W.; Chung, Joanne W. Y.; Lam, Priscillia L.; Guo, X.

2014-01-01

18

A Psychometric Evaluation of the Self-Presentational Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Self-Presentational Efficacy Scale (SPES) developed by Gammage, Hall, and Martin Ginis (2004). University students (196 men and 269 women) completed the SPES and measures of social physique anxiety, fear of negative evaluation, and physical activity. Participants also completed the SPES a…

Lamarche, Larkin; Gammage, Kimberley L.; Sullivan, Philip J.; Gabriel, David A.

2013-01-01

19

Psychometric properties of four fear of falling rating scales in people with Parkinson’s disease  

PubMed Central

Background Fear of falling (FOF) is commonly experienced in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). It is a predictor of recurrent falls, a barrier to physical exercise, and negatively associated with health-related quality of life. A variety of rating scales exist that assess different aspects of FOF but comprehensive head-to-head comparisons of their psychometric properties in people with PD are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of four FOF rating scales in people with PD. More specifically, we investigated and compared the scales’ data completeness, scaling assumptions, targeting, and reliability. Methods The FOF rating scales were: the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), the Swedish FES (FES(S)), the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC), and the modified Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (mSAFFE). A postal survey was administered to 174 persons with PD. Responders received a second survey after two weeks. Results The mean (SD) age and PD duration of the 102 responders were 73 (8) and 7 (6) years, respectively. ABC had worse data completeness than the other scales (6.9 vs. 0.9–1.3% missing data). All scales had corrected item-total correlations exceeding 0.4 and showed acceptable reliabilities (Cronbach’s alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) >0.80) but only FES-I had ICC >0.90. The standard error of measurements ranged from 7% (FES-I) to 12% (FES(S)), and the smallest detectable differences ranged from 20% (FES-I) to 33% (FES(S)) of the total score ranges. ABC and FES(S) had substantially more outliers than mSAFFE and FES-I (10 and 15 vs. 3 and 4, respectively) when the two test occasions were compared. Conclusions When assessing FOF in people with PD, the findings in the present study favoured the choice of FES-I or mSAFFE. However, FES-I was the only scale with ICC >0.90 which has been suggested as a minimum when using a scale for individual comparisons. PMID:24884466

2014-01-01

20

Brief Psychometric Analysis of the Self-Efficacy Parent Report Scale (SEPRS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-Efficacy Parent-Report Scale was designed to assess parent perceptions of self-efficacy of their children aged 7 to 17 years. Internal aspects of validity indicated a marginal fit of the data to the unidimensional model. External facets of validity indicated the Self-Efficacy Parent-Report Scale had excellent convergent and discriminant…

Erford, Bradley T.; Gavin, Kate

2013-01-01

21

Efficacy of Cry1F insecticidal protein in maize and cotton for control of fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Efficacy of maize, Zea mays L., hybrids and cotton, Gossypium hirsutum (L.), varieties expressing Cry1F insecticidal crystal protein of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) var. aizawai Berliner (transformation event TC1507 in corn and event DAS-24236-5 in cotton) was evaluated for control of fall armyworm, ...

22

A confirmatory factor analysis of scores on the teacher efficacy scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Validity studies on the Teacher Efficacy Scale provide us with neither clear evidence nor clear solutions to the factorial structure or the theoretical concepts underlying the scale’s items. This study tests different factor structures of the Teacher Efficacy Scale as found in the literature using confirmatory factor analysis on data from a sample of 540 practicing teachers. Four factorial models

André Brouwers; Welko Tomic; Sjef Stijnen

2002-01-01

23

The Factorial Validity of Scores on the Teacher Interpersonal Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the factorial validity of scores on the Teacher Interpersonal Self-Efficacy Scale across two samples of 416 teachers each. Following self-efficacy theory, which posits that self-efficacy beliefs are linked to specific activities, it was hypothesized that the three Teacher Interpersonal Self-Efficacy subscales comprised three different activities linked to teacher self-efficacy beliefs. Confirmatory factor analysis results from the

André Brouwers; Welko Tomic

2001-01-01

24

Academic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Academic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale (ASSESS) was developed to assess the self-efficacy judgments of students and to predict academic achievement and sociometric status. Self-reported judgments of academic self-efficacy best predicted academic achievement, whereas self-reported social self-efficacy best predicted sociometric status. Teacher- and parent-reported self-efficacy ratings were minimal predictors of achievement and sociometric status. A multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) analysis failed to

Frank M. Gresham; Sally Evans; Stephen N. Elliott

1988-01-01

25

Brief Psychometric Analysis of the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides preliminary analysis of reliability and validity of scores on the Self-Efficacy Teacher Report Scale, which was designed to assess teacher perceptions of self-efficacy of students aged 8 to 17 years. (Contains 3 tables.)

Erford, Bradley T.; Duncan, Kelly; Savin-Murphy, Janet

2010-01-01

26

Impact of SCALE-UP on science teaching self-efficacy of students in general education science courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two pedagogical models used in general education science on non-majors' science teaching self-efficacy. Science teaching self-efficacy can be influenced by inquiry and cooperative learning, through cognitive mechanisms described by Bandura (1997). The Student Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs (SCALE-UP) model of inquiry and cooperative learning incorporates cooperative learning and inquiry-guided learning in large enrollment combined lecture-laboratory classes (Oliver-Hoyo & Beichner, 2004). SCALE-UP was adopted by a small but rapidly growing public university in the southeastern United States in three undergraduate, general education science courses for non-science majors in the Fall 2006 and Spring 2007 semesters. Students in these courses were compared with students in three other general education science courses for non-science majors taught with the standard teaching model at the host university. The standard model combines lecture and laboratory in the same course, with smaller enrollments and utilizes cooperative learning. Science teaching self-efficacy was measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument - B (STEBI-B; Bleicher, 2004). A science teaching self-efficacy score was computed from the Personal Science Teaching Efficacy (PTSE) factor of the instrument. Using non-parametric statistics, no significant difference was found between teaching models, between genders, within models, among instructors, or among courses. The number of previous science courses was significantly correlated with PTSE score. Student responses to open-ended questions indicated that students felt the larger enrollment in the SCALE-UP room reduced individual teacher attention but that the large round SCALE-UP tables promoted group interaction. Students responded positively to cooperative and hands-on activities, and would encourage inclusion of more such activities in all of the courses. The large enrollment SCALE-UP model as implemented at the host university did not increase science teaching self-efficacy of non-science majors, as hypothesized. This was likely due to limited modification of standard cooperative activities according to the inquiry-guided SCALE-UP model. It was also found that larger SCALE-UP enrollments did not decrease science teaching self-efficacy when standard cooperative activities were used in the larger class.

Cassani, Mary Kay Kuhr

27

Psychometric Properties of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale within the Greek Educational Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many concerns have been raised about the validity of the existing instruments measuring teachers' efficacy. Recently, a new instrument to measure teachers' perceived efficacy has been presented, namely, the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of the TSES in the Greek…

Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Koustelios, Athanasios; Grammatikopoulos, Vasilios

2010-01-01

28

Invited Reaction: Development and Exploratory Validation of an Organizational Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the author's comments on James G. Bohn's article "Development and Exploratory Validation of an Organizational Efficacy Scale". In his article, Bohn has captured a deficiency, as he quotes, of "over two decades" in the human resource development (HRD) field. Since no scale has been designed specifically to measure efficacy at…

Decker, Carol A.

2010-01-01

29

Development of Self-Efficacy towards Using Alternative Assessment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determining the candidate teachers' opinions regarding self-efficacy towards alternative assessment will be beneficial in that this will improve their competencies while using these approaches in their applications within the classroom. In this article, the development and validation of the "Self-efficacy towards Using Alternative Assessment…

Buldur, Serkan; Tatar, Nilgun

2011-01-01

30

Reliability of a Scale of Work-Related Self-Efficacy for People with Psychiatric Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work-related self-efficacy at a core task level fits with the social cognitive career theory explaining the career development of people with severe mental illness. The aim of this study was to further investigate the psychometric properties of the "Work-related Self- Efficacy Scale" for use with people with psychiatric disabilities. Sixty…

Harris, Meredith

2010-01-01

31

An Investigation of the Factor Structure of the Teacher Efficacy Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the effects of positive versus negative orientation in item wording on interpretation of the Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES) factor structure by varying the orientation of items across both dimensions of efficacy. Teachers completed one of two forms of the TES. Three potential factor structures were examined using principal axis…

Deemer, Sandra A.; Minke, Kathleen M.

1999-01-01

32

Using Mathematics in Teaching Science Self-Efficacy Scale--UMSSS: A Validity and Reliability Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, an instrument, Using Mathematics in Science Self-efficacy Scale (UMSSS), was developed in order to determine preservice science teachers' self-efficacy toward the use of mathematics in their lessons. Data gathered from 250 preservice science teachers were used for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis…

Can, Bilge Taskin; Gunhan, Berna Canturk; Erdal, Sevinc Ongel

2012-01-01

33

An Investigation of the Factor Structure of the Teacher Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2-factor structure of S. Gibson and M. H. Dembo's (1984) Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES) was investigated. Although the researchers asserted that the factors corresponded to A. Bandura's (1977) outcome and efficacy expectations, A. E. Woolfolk and W. R. Hoy (1990) observed that the factor structure is potentially confounded by item orientation; items on the 1st factor have a mostly

Sandra A. Deemer; Kathleen M. Minke

1999-01-01

34

Exploring the Validity of a Teachers' Self-Efficacy Scale in Five Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was twofold. The first purpose was to test the validity of the Teachers' Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES) in five settings--Canada, Cyprus, Korea, Singapore, and the United States. The second purpose was, by extension, to establish the importance of the teacher self-efficacy construct across diverse teaching…

Klassen, Robert M.; Bong, Mimi; Usher, Ellen L.; Chong, Wan Har; Huan, Vivien S.; Wong, Isabella Y. F.; Georgiou, Tasos

2009-01-01

35

A Scale to Measure Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Deaf-Blindness Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The Teacher Efficacy in Deafblindness Education Scale (TEDE) was developed to expand the construct of self-efficacy to teach children with deaf-blindness. Methods: Eighty-seven special educators in the United States were asked to rate their confidence to perform a variety of tasks that are associated with teaching children who are…

Hartmann, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

36

Examining the Factor Structure of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the factor structure of the long and short forms of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES; M. Tschannen-Moran & A. Woolfolk-Hoy, 2001) for practicing (n = 102) and preservice teachers (n = 270), comparing the responses to both forms of the TSES, and looked for differences in teachers' efficacy with respect to experience…

Fives, Helenrose; Buehl, Michelle M.

2009-01-01

37

Reliability and Factor Analyses of a Teacher Efficacy Scale for Nigerian Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The suitability of 52 items for measuring Teacher Efficacy was investigated with the aim of developing and validating a Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES) for Nigerian secondary school teachers. Method: The TES was administered on 2400 teachers (mean age = 36.75 years). Data were subjected to factor and reliability analyses. Results:…

Faleye, Bamidele Abiodun

2008-01-01

38

Examining the Factor Structure of the Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the factor structure of the long and short forms of the Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES; M. Tschannen-Moran & A. Woolfolk-Hoy, 2001) for practicing (n = 102) and preservice teachers (n = 270), comparing the responses to both forms of the TSES, and looked for differences in teachers’ efficacy with respect to experience and grade level

Helenrose Fives; Michelle M. Buehl

2009-01-01

39

Cross-Validation of the Norwegian Teacher's Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assesses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale--NTSES. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis was used to explore the measurement invariance of the scale across two countries. Analyses performed on Italian and Norwegian samples confirmed a six-factor structure of the scale

Avanzi, Lorenzo; Miglioretti, Massimo; Velasco, Veronica; Balducci, Cristian; Vecchio, Luca; Fraccaroli, Franco; Skaalvik, Einar M.

2013-01-01

40

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the High School Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a scale assessing high school students' self-efficacy beliefs in chemistry-related tasks and to assess psychometric properties of scores on this scale. A pilot study with a sample of 150 high school students provided initial evidence for two-factor structure of 16-item scale, named High School Chemistry…

Aydin, Yesim Capa; Uzuntiryaki, Esen

2009-01-01

41

Adapting Computer Programming Self-Efficacy Scale and Engineering Students' Self-Efficacy Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students might have different type and different level of perceptions: Positive or negative perceptions on programming; a perception on benefit of programming, perceptions related to difficulties of programming process etc. The perception of student on their own competence is defined as self-efficacy. Based on the discussions reported in…

Korkmaz, Özgen; Altun, Halis

2014-01-01

42

Measuring the Efficacy of Leaders to Assess Information and Make Decisions in a Crisis: The C-LEAD Scale  

E-print Network

Based on literature and expert interviews, we developed the Crisis Leader Efficacy in Assessing and Deciding scale (C-LEAD) to capture the efficacy of leaders to assess information and make decisions in a public health and ...

Pittinsky, Todd L.

2009-07-01

43

Reliability and Validity of the Self Efficacy Expectations and Outcome Expectations After ICD Implantation Scales  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity characteristics of two new scales that measure self-efficacy expectations (SE-ICD) and outcome expectations (OE-ICD) in survivors (n=168) of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), all of whom received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Cronbach's alpha reliability demonstrated good internal consistency (SE-ICD ? = 0.93 and OE-ICD ? = 0.81). Correlations with other self-efficacy instruments (general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy) were consistently high. The instruments were responsive to change across time with effect sizes of 0.46 for SE-ICD, and 0.26 for OE-ICD. These reliable, valid, and responsive instruments for measurement of self-efficacy expectations and outcome expectations after an ICD can be used in research and clinical settings. PMID:17693214

Dougherty, Cynthia M.; Johnston, Sandra K.; Thompson, Elaine Adams

2009-01-01

44

Fall detection and classifications based on time-scale radar signal characteristics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unattended catastrophic falls result in risk to the lives of elderly. There are growing efforts and rising interest in detecting falls of the aging population, especially those living alone. Radar serves as an effective non-intrusive sensor for detecting human activities. For radar to be effective, it is important to achieve low false alarms, i.e., the system can reliably differentiate between a fall and other human activities. In this paper, we discuss the time-scale based signal analysis of the radar returns from a human target. Reliable features are extracted from the scalogram and are used for fall classifications. The classification results and the advantages of using a wavelet transform are discussed.

Gadde, Ajay; Amin, Moeness G.; Zhang, Yimin D.; Ahmad, Fauzia

2014-05-01

45

Examining Measurement Properties of an English Self-Efficacy Scale for English Language Learners in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides evidence for the validity of the Questionnaire of English Self-Efficacy in a sample of 167 college students in Korea. Results show that the scale measures largely satisfy the Rasch model for unidimensionality. The rating scale appeared to function effectively. The item hierarchy was consistent with the expected item order. The…

Wang, Chuang; Kim, Do-Hong; Bong, Mimi; Ahn, Hyun Seon

2013-01-01

46

Assessing and Improving the Factorial Structures of the Computer Self-Efficacy Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Computer Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE) developed by C. A. Murphy, D. Coover, and S. V. Owen (1989) is an instrument purported to assess computer-related competencies. Previous research into the factor structure of the CSE has yielded conflicting results. In this study, the scale was used to collect data from 216 graduate education students. A…

Moroz, Pauline A.; Nash, John B.

47

Comparison of the Validity of Four Fall-Related Psychological Measures in a Community-Based Falls Risk Screening  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the measurement properties of fall-related psychological instruments with a sample of 133 older adults (M age = 74.4 years, SD = 9.4). Measures included the Comprehensive Falls Risk Screening Instrument, Falls-efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), modified Survey of Activities and Fear of…

Moore, Delilah S.; Ellis, Rebecca; Kosma, Maria; Fabre, Jennifer M.; McCarter, Kevin S.; Wood, Robert H.

2011-01-01

48

Construction and validation of Self-Efficacy Scale for early school-aged children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-efficacy beliefs play an important role in regulating a child's functioning and emotional well-being. The aims of our study were to construct the Polish Self-Efficacy Scale for Children (SESC) in early school age and to explore its factor structure and construct validity. A total of 402 children in the age range of 8 to 10 years took part in the

Ma?gorzata Gambin; Ma?gorzata ?wi?cicka

2012-01-01

49

Exploring the validity of a teachers’ self-efficacy scale in five countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article was twofold. The first purpose was to test the validity of the Teachers’ Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES) in five settings—Canada, Cyprus, Korea, Singapore, and the United States. The second purpose was, by extension, to establish the importance of the teacher self-efficacy construct across diverse teaching conditions. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was used to better

Robert M. Klassen; Mimi Bong; Ellen L. Usher; Wan Har Chong; Vivien S. Huan; Isabella Y. F. Wong; Tasos Georgiou

2009-01-01

50

RCAH291-01 Creative Workshop: The Music of Southern Appalachia Fall 2011 Professor Chris Scales  

E-print Network

1 RCAH291-01 Creative Workshop: The Music of Southern Appalachia Fall 2011 Professor Chris Scales M&utm_campaign=peerreviewspring09) "All music is folk music. I ain't never hear a horse sing." - Louie Armstrong Course Description Appalachian communities have rich and deep musical traditions that have played a unique role in the musical

Liu, Taosheng

51

RCAH192-03 The Anthropology of Music Fall 2012 Professor Chris Scales  

E-print Network

1 RCAH192-03 The Anthropology of Music Fall 2012 Professor Chris Scales W 12:40 ­ 2:30 pm C320J: Students of this class will learn about the basic musical elements of several musical traditions from around the world. Emphasis will be on developing listening skills for understanding different musical

Liu, Taosheng

52

Breastfeeding Peer Counseling: From Efficacy through Scale-up  

PubMed Central

There are a growing number of publications evaluating various breastfeeding peer counseling (PC) models. We have systematically reviewed a) the randomized trials assessing the effectiveness of breastfeeding PC in improving rates of breastfeeding initiation, duration, exclusivity and maternal and child health outcomes; and b) scientific literature describing the scale-up of breastfeeding PC programs. Twenty-six peer-reviewed publications were included in this review. The overwhelming majority of evidence from randomized, controlled trials evaluating breastfeeding PC indicates that peer counselors effectively improve rates of breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity. PC interventions were also shown to significantly decrease the incidence of infant diarrhea and significantly increase the duration of lactational amenorrhea. We conclude that breastfeeding PC initiatives are effective and can be scaled up in both developed and developing countries, as part of well-coordinated national breastfeeding promotion or maternal-child health programs. PMID:20715336

Chapman, Donna J.; Morel, Katherine; Anderson, Alex Kojo; Damio, Grace; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael

2011-01-01

53

The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale: Confirming the Factor Structure with Beginning Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factor structure of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES; Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001) using the scores of pre-service teachers at the beginning stage of teacher development to gather internal structure score validity evidence. Two plausible rival models derived from prior research were tested using CFA.…

Duffin, Lisa C.; French, Brian F.; Patrick, Helen

2012-01-01

54

The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Sources of Lesbian Relationship Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation consisted of four studies that aimed to develop and explore the psychometric properties of the Sources of Lesbian Relationship Self-Efficacy Scale (SLRSE). Study 1 describes the initial item development of the SLRSE which consisted of focus group research, professional consultation, and a review of literature. The purpose of…

Pepper, Shanti M.

2009-01-01

55

Using Small-Scale Randomized Controlled Trials to Evaluate the Efficacy of New Curricular Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can researchers in K-12 contexts stay true to the principles of rigorous evaluation designs within the constraints of classroom settings and limited funding? This paper explores this question by presenting a small-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test the efficacy of curricular supplemental materials on epigenetics. The…

Drits-Esser, Dina; Bass, Kristin M.; Stark, Louisa A.

2014-01-01

56

A Measurement Invariance Analysis of the General Self-Efficacy Scale on Two Different Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10-item General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) was developed to assess an individual's beliefs to cope with a variety of situations in life. Despite the GSES being used in numerous research from researchers in different countries and presented in different languages, little is known about the use of its validity in an Asian culture. The aim…

Teo, Timothy; Kam, Chester

2014-01-01

57

Development and Validation of Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study described the process of developing and validating the College Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale (CCSS) that can be used to assess college students' beliefs in their ability to perform essential tasks in chemistry. In the first phase, data collected from 363 college students provided evidence for the validity and reliability of the new…

Uzuntiryaki, Esen; Aydin, Yesim Capa

2009-01-01

58

The Development and Validation of the School-Based Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the School-Based Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (SB-SES). Two hundred sixty-five (N = 265) licensed mental health professionals participated in this study. Fifty-eight percent of the participants reported experience working as a school-based counselor with the remaining 42% reporting no…

Boughfman, Erica M.

2010-01-01

59

A Scenario-Based Dieting Self-Efficacy Scale: The DIET-SE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a scenario-based dieting self-efficacy scale, the DIET-SE, developed from dieter's inventory of eating temptations (DIET). The DIET-SE consists of items that describe scenarios of eating temptations for a range of dieting situations, including high-caloric food temptations. Four studies assessed the psychometric properties of…

Stich, Christine; Knauper, Barbel; Tint, Ami

2009-01-01

60

Applicability of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale to educators teaching innovative programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the present study is to examine the applicability of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES, Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy) to educators teaching an innovative program, namely, the Olympic Education Program. TSES applicability was inferred from examination of the TSES factor structure, its internal consistency and its logical, theoretical consistent pattern of relations between TSES and

Nikolaos Tsigilis; Vasilios Grammatikopoulos; Athanasios Koustelios

2007-01-01

61

A Reliability Generalization Study of the Teacher Efficacy Scale and Related Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied sources of measurement error variance in the Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES) (Gibson and Dembo, 1984). Used reliability generalization to characterize the typical score reliability for the TES and potential sources of measurement error variance across 43 studies. Also examined related instruments for measurement integrity. (SLD)

Henson, Robin K.; Kogan, Lori R.; Vacha-Haase, Tammi

2001-01-01

62

Development and Testing of a Nutrition-Teaching Self-Efficacy Scale for Elementary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop and validate the Nutrition-Teaching Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES) and investigate the time spent teaching nutrition and the nutrition-teaching self-effcacy of Maryland elementary school teachers.Design: A questionnaire collected information on teacher demographics. The NTSES was adapted from science- and health-teaching self-effcacy scales, reviewed by experts, and pretested with elementary teachers. Both were converted to an on-line format for distribution

Nancy Brenowitz; Cynthia Reeves Tuttle

2003-01-01

63

Affordable, automatic quantitative fall risk assessment based on clinical balance scales and Kinect data.  

PubMed

The problem of a correct fall risk assessment is becoming more and more critical with the ageing of the population. In spite of the available approaches allowing a quantitative analysis of the human movement control system's performance, the clinical assessment and diagnostic approach to fall risk assessment still relies mostly on non-quantitative exams, such as clinical scales. This work documents our current effort to develop a novel method to assess balance control abilities through a system implementing an automatic evaluation of exercises drawn from balance assessment scales. Our aim is to overcome the classical limits characterizing these scales i.e. limited granularity and inter-/intra-examiner reliability, to obtain objective scores and more detailed information allowing to predict fall risk. We used Microsoft Kinect to record subjects' movements while performing challenging exercises drawn from clinical balance scales. We then computed a set of parameters quantifying the execution of the exercises and fed them to a supervised classifier to perform a classification based on the clinical score. We obtained a good accuracy (~82%) and especially a high sensitivity (~83%). PMID:25570745

Colagiorgio, P; Romano, F; Sardi, F; Moraschini, M; Sozzi, A; Bejor, M; Ricevuti, G; Buizza, A; Ramat, S

2014-08-01

64

Psychometric evaluation of dietary self-efficacy and outcome expectation scales in female college freshmen.  

PubMed

Lifestyle interventions commonly measure psychosocial beliefs as precursors to positive behavior change, but often overlook questionnaire validation. This can affect measurement accuracy if the survey has been developed for a different population, as differing behavioral influences may affect instrument validity. The present study aimed to explore psychometric properties of self-efficacy and outcome expectation scales-originally developed for younger children-in a population of female college freshmen (N = 268). Exploratory principal component analysis was used to investigate underlying data patterns and assess validity of previously published subscales. Composite scores for reliable subscales (Cronbach's ? ? .70) were calculated to help characterize self-efficacy and outcome expectation beliefs in this population. The outcome expectation factor structure clearly comprised of positive (? = .81-.90) and negative outcomes (? = .63-.67). The self-efficacy factor structure included themes of motivation and effort (? = .75-.94), but items pertaining to hunger and availability cross-loaded often. Based on cross-loading patterns and low Cronbach's alpha values, respectively, self-efficacy items regarding barriers to healthy eating and negative outcome expectation items should be refined to improve reliability. Composite scores suggested that eating healthfully was associated with positive outcomes, but self-efficacy to do so was lower. Thus, dietary interventions for college students may be more successful by including skill-building activities to enhance self-efficacy and increase the likelihood of behavior change. PMID:25034078

Kedem, Leia E; Evans, Ellen M; Chapman-Novakofski, Karen

2014-11-01

65

The Psychometric Properties of the Difficult Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was designed to estimate the psychometric properties of Hastings and Brown’s (2002a) Difficult Behavior Self-efficacy Scale. Participants were two samples of physical educators teaching in Korea (n = 229) and the United States (U.S.; n = 139). An initial translation of the questionnaire to Korean and pilot study were conducted along with the larger study using a confirmatory

Hyun-Kyoung Oh; Francis M. Kozub

2010-01-01

66

Revision and validation of the medication adherence self-efficacy scale (MASES) in hypertensive African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study purpose was to revise and examine the validity of the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (MASES) in an independent\\u000a sample of 168 hypertensive African Americans: mean age 54 years (SD = 12.36); 86% female; 76% high school education or greater.\\u000a Participants provided demographic information; completed the MASES, self-report and electronic measures of medication adherence\\u000a at baseline and three months. Confirmatory (CFA), exploratory (EFA)

Senaida Fernandez; William Chaplin; Antoinette M. Schoenthaler; Gbenga Ogedegbe

2008-01-01

67

The psychometric properties of the difficult behavior self-efficacy scale.  

PubMed

The study was designed to estimate the psychometric properties of Hastings and Brown's (2002a) Difficult Behavior Self-efficacy Scale. Participants were two samples of physical educators teaching in Korea (n=229) and the United States (U.S.; n=139). An initial translation of the questionnaire to Korean and pilot study were conducted along with the larger study using a confirmatory factor analysis procedure. Internal consistency estimates (weighed Omega) for the five-item scale were 0.88 both the Korean and U.S. samples. The average variances extracted for the one factor were 0.59 for the total data set and 0.57 each for the Korean and U.S. samples. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a five-item, unidimensional model for self-efficacy for the total sample: Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)=0.97, Nonnormed Fit Index (NNFI)=0.95, Comparative Fit Index (CFI)=0.98, and Standardized Root Mean Square Residual (SRMR)=0.03. Only the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA=0.12) fell below criterion levels of acceptable fit, with similar fit indices occurring in separate analyses of the Korean and U.S. samples. Invariance testing across the two samples supported metric invariance (similarity of factor loadings) but not scalar invariance (U.S. means higher on all five items). The factor structure for the self-efficacy scale provides an initial estimate of validity and internal consistency for use with different teacher groups. PMID:20571155

Oh, Hyun-Kyoung; Kozub, Francis M

2010-07-01

68

Measuring the psychological outcomes of falling: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The objectives were to identify fall-related psychological outcome measures and to undertake a systematic quality assessment of their key measurement properties. A Cochrane review of fall-prevention interventions in older adults was used to identify fall-related psychological measurements. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were systematically searched to identify instruments not used in trials and papers reporting the methodological quality of relevant measures. Reference lists of articles were searched for additional literature, and researchers were contacted. Two reviewers undertook quality extraction relating to content, population, reliability, validity, responsiveness, practicality, and feasibility. Twenty-five relevant papers were identified. Twenty-three measures met the inclusion criteria: six single-item questions, Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), revised FES, modified FES, FES-UK, Activities-specific Balance and Confidence Scale (ABC), ABC-UK, Confidence in maintaining Balance Scale, Mobility Efficacy Scale, adapted FES, amended FES, Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly (SAFFE), University of Illinois at Chicago Fear of Falling Measure, Concern about Falling Scale, Falls Handicap Inventory, modified SAFFE, Consequences of Falling Scale, and Concern about the Consequences of Falling Scale. There is limited evidence about the measurement properties of single-item measures. Several multiitem measures obtained acceptable reliability and validity, but there is less evidence regarding responsiveness, practicality, and feasibility. Researchers should select measures based on the constructs they intend to study. Further research is needed to establish and compare the instruments' measurement properties. PMID:15743297

Jørstad, Ellen C; Hauer, Klaus; Becker, Clemens; Lamb, Sarah E

2005-03-01

69

ELEMENTARY STUDENT SELF EFFICACY SCALE DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOCUSED ON STUDENT LEARNING, PEER RELATIONS, AND RESISTING DRUG USE  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item self efficacy scale and social support and social skills instruments. The results provide evidence for a valid and reliable 3-factor self efficacy scale. Subscale internal consistency reliability was good to excellent (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.75, 0.83, 0.91). Construct validity was supported by correlations between each subscale and social skills, social support, and demographic data. The scale has potential as a tool to measure self efficacy in children related to learning, peer interactions, and resisting peer pressure to use drags and to help shape drag education programs. PMID:19886160

FERTMAN, CARL I.; PRIMACK, BRIAN A.

2010-01-01

70

Validation of the Business Computer Self-Efficacy Scale: Assessment of the Computer Literacy of Incoming Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The business computer self-efficacy (BCSE) scale is potentially an important tool for researchers studying business students and professionals, but it needs to be validated for use. Content validity was established by Stephens and Shotick (2002). This research analyzes the scale under both criterion-related and construct validation. The scale is…

Stephens, Paul

2006-01-01

71

The Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Version of the Online Technologies Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to adapt a scale of self-efficacy towards online technologies which was developed by Miltiadou and Yu (2000) to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, first, the scale items were translated to Turkish by the researchers. Then, a translation form was further developed by consulting eight specialists. These English and…

Horzum, Mehmet Baris; Cakir, Ozlem

2009-01-01

72

Preliminary Study of the Autism Self-Efficacy Scale for Teachers (ASSET).  

PubMed

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a new measure, the Autism Self-Efficacy Scale for Teachers (ASSET) for its dimensionality, internal consistency, and construct validity derived in a sample of special education teachers (N = 44) of students with autism. Results indicate that all items reflect one dominant factor, teachers' responses to items were internally consistent within the sample, and compared to a 100-point scale, a 6-point response scale is adequate. ASSET scores were found to be negatively correlated with scores on two subscale measures of teacher stress (i.e., self-doubt/need for support and disruption of the teaching process) but uncorrelated with teacher burnout scores. The ASSET is a promising tool that requires replication with larger samples. PMID:23976899

Ruble, Lisa A; Toland, Michael D; Birdwhistell, Jessica L; McGrew, John H; Usher, Ellen L

2013-09-01

73

HumanWildlife Interactions 5(2):198203, Fall 2011 Wildlife risk to aviation: a multi-scale  

E-print Network

Wildlife Strike Database in 1990, 99,411 reported wildlife strikes to airplanes have resulted in at leastHuman­Wildlife Interactions 5(2):198­203, Fall 2011 Commentary Wildlife risk to aviation: a multi-scale issue requires a multi-scale solution JAMES A. MARTIN, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries

74

The firefighter coping self-efficacy scale: measure development and validation.  

PubMed

The authors evaluated the psychometric properties of the Firefighter Coping Self-Efficacy (FFCSE) Scale, a new measure developed to assess firefighters' perceived competence in managing stressful and traumatic experiences encountered on the job. Two samples of firefighters completed the FFCSE Scale at two different time points. Exploratory factor analysis yielded a unidimensional structure, which was further supported with confirmatory factor analysis using a second sample. Internal consistency of the measure was excellent. Analysis of cross-sectional data indicated FFCSE was positively associated with measures of psychological well-being and social support, and negatively associated with work-related stress and psychological distress. FFCSE also uniquely contributed to the variance in psychological distress, over and above variables previously shown to be associated with distress among this population. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:21476153

Lambert, Jessica E; Benight, Charles C; Harrison, Erica; Cieslak, Roman

2012-01-01

75

Fear of falling and falls in older adults with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.  

PubMed

Cognitive impairment and fear of falling are risk factors for falls in older adults. Recurrent falls are more prevalent in older adults with cognitive impairment. We examined the number of previous falls, self-reported fear of falling, and the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) in 104 older adults [26 with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), 42 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 36 cognitively healthy]. Older adults with AD and MCI had a higher number of falls (1.1 ± 1.2 and 1.5 ± 1.5, respectively) compared to the control group (0.3 ± 0.5, P < .001). Older adults with MCI more often reported fear of falling (74%) than patients with AD (31%) (P ? .002) and scored higher on the FES-I (29.7 and 23.8, respectively, P ? .01). The prevalence of falls in older adults with MCI and AD is higher than in subjects cognitively healthy. Older adults with MCI and AD differ in terms of reported fear of falling and falls self-efficacy. PMID:24992289

Borges, Sheila de Melo; Radanovic, Márcia; Forlenza, Orestes Vicente

2015-05-01

76

Assessing medication adherence self-efficacy among low-literacy patients: development of a pictographic visual analogue scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health behavior interventions are often groundedin SocialCognitive Theory,butinstru- ments used to assess self-efficacy rely on verbal skills and yield scores that are highly positively skewed. Based on a review of the research literature and qualitative research with key informants, a pictographic medication adher- ence self-efficacy scale was developed. Two studies were conducted to test the pictographic and color visual analogue

Seth C. Kalichman; Demetria Cain; Andrea Fuhrel; Lisa Eaton; Kari Di Fonzo; Thom Ertl

2004-01-01

77

Efficacy of petal fall and shuck split fungicides for control of scab on peach in middle Georgia, 2012  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fungicides were evaluated for control of scab in a mid-ripening experimental peach block (‘Flameprince’) located at the USDA-ARS Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory (Byron, GA). Chemical formulations were applied at each application date: 3 Apr (petal fall to 1% shuck split), 10 Apr (shuck split ...

78

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Teacher Efficacy Scale for Prospective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on teacher self-efficacy has revealed substantive problems concerning the validity of instruments used to measure teacher self-efficacy beliefs. Although claims about the influence of teachers' self-efficacy beliefs on student achievement, success with curriculum innovation, and so on, may be true statements, one cannot make…

Denzine, Gypsy M.; Cooney, John B.; McKenzie, Rita

2005-01-01

79

HumanWildlife Interactions 8(2):271278, Fall 2014 Efficacy of Ropel as a coyote repellent  

E-print Network

to determine the efficacy of its application to objects that are attractive to coyotes (Canis latrans be relied upon as a coyote-specific repellent. Key words: aviation, Canis latrans, human­wildlife conflicts, repellent, taste avoidance Coyotes (Canis latrans) are known to chew and bite nonfood items, such as drip

80

Combined Use of Self-Efficacy Scale for Oral Health Behaviour and Oral Health Questionnaire: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine whether the combined use of a task-specific self-efficacy scale for oral health behaviour (SEOH) and an oral health questionnaire (OHQ) would be useful for evaluating subjects' behaviours and cognitions. Design: Questionnaires. Methods: One hundred and eighty-five students completed the SEOH and OHQ. The 30-item OHQ uses a…

Soutome, Sakiko; Kajiwara, Kazumi; Oho, Takahiko

2012-01-01

81

An Examination of the Structure of the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale (Short Form) among Italian High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to evaluate the factor structure of Career Decision Self-Efficacy scale-short form in a sample of Italian high school adolescents. confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the degree to which a one-factor structure and a five-factor structure provided the best fit. In view of available research the five-factor structure…

Presti, Alessandro Lo; Pace, Francesco; Mondo, Marina; Nota, Laura; Casarubia, Provvidenza; Ferrari, Lea; Betz, Nancy E.

2013-01-01

82

The Iranian Version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES): Factor Structure, Internal Consistency and Construct Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The exercise self-efficacy scale (ESES) is largely used among diabetic patients to enhance exercise behaviour. However, the Iranian version of ESES was not available. The aim of this study was to validate ESES in this country. Method: Data were collected from 348 women who referred to a diabetes institute in Iran through convenience…

Noroozi, Azita; Ghofranipour, Fazlollah; Heydarnia, Ali Reza; Nabipour, Iraj; Tahmasebi, Rahim; Tavafian, Sedighe Sadat

2011-01-01

83

The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale: Validation Evidence and Behavioral Prediction. WCER Working Paper No. 2006-7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study contributes to knowledge of the construct validity of the short form of the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (and by extension, given their similar content and psychometric properties, to the long form). The authors' research involves: (1) examining the psychometric properties of the TSES on a large sample of elementary, middle,…

Heneman, Herbert G., III; Kimball, Steven; Milanowski, Anthony

2006-01-01

84

Self-Efficacy for Managing Work-Family Conflict: Validating the English Language Version of a Hebrew Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Self-Efficacy for Work-Family Conflict Management Scale (SE-WFC), developed in Israel, was designed to assess beliefs regarding one's ability to manage conflict between work and family roles. This study examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of an English language version of the SE-WFC in a sample of 159 working mothers in…

Hennessy, Kelly D.; Lent, Robert W.

2008-01-01

85

From Efficacy Research to Large-Scale Impact on Undernutrition: The Role of Organizational Cultures12  

PubMed Central

Undernutrition in low-income countries is receiving unprecedented attention at global and national levels due to the convergence of many forces, including strong evidence concerning its magnitude, consequences, and potential solutions and effective advocacy by many organizations. The translation of this attention into large-scale reductions in undernutrition at the country level requires the alignment and support of many organizations in the development and implementation of a coherent policy agenda for nutrition, including the strengthening of operational and strategic capacities and a supportive research agenda. However, many countries experience difficulties achieving such alignment. This article uses the concept of organizational culture to better understand some of the reasons for these difficulties. This concept is applied to the constellation of organizations that make up the “National Nutrition Network” in a given country and some of the individual organizations within that network, including academic institutions that conduct research on undernutrition. We illustrate this concept through a case study involving a middle-income country. We conclude that efforts to align organizations in support of coherent nutrition agendas should do the following: 1) make intentional and sustained efforts to foster common understanding, shared learning, and socialization of new members and other elements of a shared culture among partners; 2) seek a way to frame problems and solutions in a fashion that enables individual organizations to secure some of their particular interests by joining the effort; and 3) not only advocate on the importance of nutrition but also insist that high-level officials hold organizations accountable for aligning in support of common-interest solutions (through some elements of a common culture) that can be effective and appropriate in the national context. We further conclude that a culture change is needed within academic departments if the discipline of nutrition is to play a central role in translating the findings from efficacy trials into large-scale reductions in undernutrition. PMID:24228200

Pelletier, David; Pelto, Gretel

2013-01-01

86

Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation yielded five factors: self-efficacy to overcome internal, harassment, physical…

Dwyer, John J. M.; Chulak, Tala; Maitland, Scott; Allison, Kenneth R.; Lysy, Daria C.; Faulkner, Guy E. J.; Sheeshka, Judy

2012-01-01

87

A Reliability Generalization Study of the Teacher Efficacy Scale and Related Instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher efficacy has proven to be an important variable in teacher effectiveness. It is consistently related to positive teaching behaviors and student outcomes. However, the measurement of this construct is the subject of current debate, which includes critical examination of predominant instruments used to assess teacher efficacy. The present study extends this critical evaluation and examines sources of measurement error

Robin K. Henson; Lori R. Kogan; Tammi Vacha-Haase

2001-01-01

88

Large-scale spatial variability of riverbed temperature gradients in Snake River fall Chinook salmon spawning areas  

SciTech Connect

In the Snake River basin of the Pacific northwestern United States, hydroelectric dam operations are often based on the predicted emergence timing of salmon fry from the riverbed. The spatial variability and complexity of surface water and riverbed temperature gradients results in emergence timing predictions that are likely to have large errors. The objectives of this study were to quantify the thermal heterogeneity between the river and riverbed in fall Chinook salmon spawning areas and to determine the effects of thermal heterogeneity on fall Chinook salmon emergence timing. This study quantified river and riverbed temperatures at 15 fall Chinook salmon spawning sites distributed in two reaches throughout 160 km of the Snake River in Hells Canyon, Idaho, USA, during three different water years. Temperatures were measured during the fall Chinook salmon incubation period with self-contained data loggers placed in the river and at three different depths below the riverbed surface. At all sites temperature increased with depth into the riverbed, including significant differences (p<0.05) in mean water temperature of up to 3.8°C between the river and the riverbed among all the sites. During each of the three water years studied, river and riverbed temperatures varied significantly among all the study sites, among the study sites within each reach, and between sites located in the two reaches. Considerable variability in riverbed temperatures among the sites resulted in fall Chinook salmon emergence timing estimates that varied by as much as 55 days, depending on the source of temperature data used for the estimate. Monitoring of riverbed temperature gradients at a range of spatial scales throughout the Snake River would provide better information for managing hydroelectric dam operations, and would aid in the design and interpretation of future empirical research into the ecological significance of physical riverine processes.

Hanrahan, Timothy P.

2007-02-01

89

Bicultural Self-Efficacy Among College Students: Initial Scale Development and Mental Health Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory and empirical research suggest that perceived self-efficacy, or one’s perceived ability to perform personally significant tasks, is related to individuals’ psychological well-being and mental health. Thus, the authors hypothesized that bicultural individuals’ perceived ability to function competently in 2 cultures, or perceived bicultural self-efficacy, would be related positively to their psychological well-being and mental health. Three studies were conducted

E. J. R. David; Sumie Okazaki; Anne Saw

2009-01-01

90

Talent Development, Work Habits, and Career Exploration of Chinese Middle-School Adolescents: Development of the Career and Talent Development Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of an instrument--the "Career and Talent Development Self-Efficacy Scale (CTD-SES)"--for assessing students' self-efficacy in applying life skills essential for personal talent development, acquisition of positive work habits, and career exploration. In Study 1, data were obtained from a large sample of…

Yuen, Mantak; Gysbers, Norman C.; Chan, Raymond M. C.; Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Shea, Peter M. K.

2010-01-01

91

Factors Underlying the Collective Teacher Efficacy Scale and Their Mediating Role in the Effect of Socioeconomic Status on Academic Achievement at the School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the psychometric properties of the Collective Teacher Efficacy Scale (CTES), an instrument designed to measure collective teacher efficacy. Specifically, a multilevel confirmatory factor analysis is used to determine the factor structure of the CTES, comparing one- and two-factor models. The mediating role of the CTES factors…

McCoach, D. Betsy; Colbert, Robert D.

2010-01-01

92

The Modified Gait Efficacy Scale: Establishing the Psychometric Properties in Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Background Perceived ability or confidence plays an important role in determining function and behavior. The modified Gait Efficacy Scale (mGES) is a 10-item self-report measure used to assess walking confidence under challenging everyday circumstances. Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability, internal consistency, and validity of the mGES as a measure of gait in older adults. Design This was a cross-sectional study. Methods Participants were 102 community-dwelling older adults (mean [±SD] age=78.6±6.1 years) who were independent in ambulation with or without an assistive device. Participants were assessed using the mGES and measures of confidence and fear, measures of function and disability, and performance-based measures of mobility. In a subsample (n=26), the mGES was administered twice within a 1-month period to establish test-retest reliability through the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC [2,1]). The standard error of measure (SEM) was determined from the ICC and standard deviation. The Cronbach ? value was calculated to determine internal consistency. To establish the validity of the mGES, the Spearman rank order correlation coefficient was used to examine the association with measures of confidence, fear, gait, and physical function and disability. Results The mGES demonstrated test-retest reliability within the 1-month period (ICC=.93, 95% confidence interval=.85, .97). The SEM of the mGES was 5.23. The mGES was internally consistent across the 10 items (Cronbach ?=.94). The mGES was related to measures of confidence and fear (r=.54–.88), function and disability (Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument, r=.32–.88), and performance-based mobility (r=.38–.64). Limitations This study examined only community-dwelling older adults. The results, therefore, should not be generalized to other patient populations. Conclusion The mGES is a reliable and valid measure of confidence in walking among community-dwelling older adults. PMID:22074940

Newell, Alaina M.; VanSwearingen, Jessie M.; Hile, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

93

Dynamics of Teacher Self-Efficacy: Middle School Reading and Language Arts Teacher Responses on a Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficacy is created early in a career and not easily influenced over time yet states and school districts loose tremendous amounts of money annually educating and training teachers who elect to leave the profession as a result of low self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived levels of self-efficacy of middle school Language Arts and reading

Kimberly Ann Schwartz

2010-01-01

94

Teacher Efficacy Beliefs:Understanding the Relationship Between Efficacy and Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools  

E-print Network

efficacy, The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). Theperspective Teachers Sense of Efficacy Scale assessesteachers’ sense of efficacy and student success, but only in reading. Later, specific expectancy scales

Harris, Margaret

2010-01-01

95

Bicultural Self-Efficacy among College Students: Initial Scale Development and Mental Health Correlates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theory and empirical research suggest that perceived self-efficacy, or one's perceived ability to perform personally significant tasks, is related to individuals' psychological well-being and mental health. Thus, the authors hypothesized that bicultural individuals' perceived ability to function competently in 2 cultures, or perceived bicultural…

David, E. J. R.; Okazaki, Sumie; Saw, Anne

2009-01-01

96

Coping with Late-Life Challenges: Development and Validation of the Care-Receiver Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Measures are lacking that address the challenges that people think they face in their roles as elderly care receivers. However, the development of a sense of efficacy in this role by mentally competent care receivers is critical to successful partnerships between caregivers and care receivers. The purpose of this article is to report the…

Cox, Enid O.; Green, Kathy E.; Seo, Honglan; Inaba, Miyuki; Quillen, Alicia Alyla

2006-01-01

97

Evaluating treatment efficacy in commercial food facilities: Insights gained from small-scale simulated warehouse experiments  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Although critical to a successful IPM program, it is challenging to evaluate treatment efficacy in commercial food facilities because of the inability to obtain absolute estimates of insect population levels. These populations are spatial fragmented and occupy cryptic habitats such as equipment, pa...

98

Body-Efficacy Expectation: Assessment of Beliefs concerning Bodily Coping Capabilities with a Five-Item Scale  

PubMed Central

Background. Expectancies regarding a treatment play an important role in recovery as has been shown in placebo research. The role of expectations regarding the bodily capability to overcome illness is less investigated although in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) such capability is the target of interventions. We introduced a new construct, body-efficacy expectation, defined as the conviction that one's body is able to deal with health-threatening factors by itself, and developed and validated a scale for its measurement. Methods. The scale was developed following expert recommendations. Using online survey data from 1054 participants an exploratory factor analysis was conducted and psychometric properties of the scale were examined (item characteristics, reliability, and validity). Results. The exploratory factor analysis yielded a one-factor solution explaining 51.96% of total variance (Cronbach's ? = 0.77). One of the originally six items was removed due to poor item characteristics. Correlations with several validation measures were in line with the theoretical background of the construct. Most importantly, participants with better general health showed higher body-efficacy expectation than participants with poorer health status. Conclusions. Further studies confirming the factor structure and using clinical samples are recommended. Also, the relations with the appraisal of CAM and CAM use warrant further research. PMID:24312132

Schützler, Lena; Witt, Claudia M.

2013-01-01

99

Multicultural counseling self-efficacy scale-racial diversity form: factor structure and test of a social cognitive model.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the multicultural counseling self-efficacy scale-racial diversity form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory factor analyses identified a bifactor structure in which responses to MCSE-RD items could be explained by one generic and three multicultural-specific counseling self-efficacy factors. Support was also found for a social cognitive model in which self-efficacy and interests in multicultural counseling mediated the effects of prior cross-racial client contacts and perceptions of multicultural training environments on intent to perform multicultural counseling in the future. Additionally, outcome expectations were predictive of multicultural counseling interests and choice goals. Implications for multicultural training and directions for future research are highlighted. PMID:22574664

Sheu, Hung-Bin; Rigali-Oiler, Marybeth; Lent, Robert W

2012-09-01

100

Adolescents' self-efficacy to overcome barriers to Physical Activity Scale.  

PubMed

This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation yielded five factors: self-efficacy to overcome internal, harassment, physical environment, social environment, and responsibilities barriers. Two problematic items were removed, which resulted in a 22-item measure. Subsequent analyses were conducted on responses to this shortened measure. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the five-factor model and demonstrated age- and sex-invariance. The subscales had good internal consistency reliability. Structural regressions demonstrated a strong relationship between the resulting factors and a physical activity measure (energy expenditure), showing predictive validity. PMID:23367813

Dwyer, John J M; Chulak, Tala; Maitland, Scott; Allison, Kenneth R; Lysy, Daria C; Faulkner, Guy E J; Sheeshka, Judy

2012-12-01

101

The Relationship between Specific Cognitive Domains, Fear of Falling, and Falls in People with Multiple Sclerosis  

PubMed Central

The primary aim was to examine the relationship between seven definite aspects of cognition measured by a computerized cognitive testing tool on the history falls in people with mild to moderate MS (PwMS). Secondary aims focused on whether cognition performance is correlated to fear of falling, walking velocity, and a patient-rated measure of walking ability. One hundred and one PwMS were included in the study analysis. Fifty-two had a history of at least one fall during the past year. Outcome measures included a computerized cognitive test battery designed to evaluate multiple cognitive domains, gait speed, and self-reported questionnaires; 12-item MS walking scale (MSWS-12); and Falls Efficacy Scale International. Significant differences between fallers and nonfallers were exhibited in attention and verbal function, scoring 7.5% (P = 0.013) and 6.2% (P = 0.05), respectively, below the parallel scores of the nonfallers. Attention was the only cognitive component significantly correlated with the MSWS-12 self-reported questionnaire. Fear of falling was significantly correlated with 6 (out of 7) definite cognitive variables. The present findings support the concept that when evaluating and attempting to reduce fall risk, emphasis should be placed not only on traditional fall risk factors like muscle strength and motor function, but also on cognitive function. PMID:25165694

2014-01-01

102

Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for Persons with Intellectual Disability Scale (SE/SS-AID) in a Spanish Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In this study we aimed to develop a Spanish version of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support Scales for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID). Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 117 individuals with intellectual disability (ID). The SE/SS-AID scales were translated into Spanish and their…

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio Ignacio; Paz-Lourido, Berta; Lee, Miyoung; Peterson-Besse, Jana J.

2013-01-01

103

The efficacy of the COMFORT scale in assessing optimal sedation in critically ill children requiring mechanical ventilation.  

PubMed

Sedation is often necessary to optimize care for critically ill children requiring mechanical ventilation. If too light or too deep, however, sedation can cause significant adverse reactions, making it important to assess the degree of sedation and maintain its optimal level. We evaluated the efficacy of the COMFORT scale in assessing optimal sedation in critically ill children requiring mechanical ventilation. We compared 12 month data in 21 patients (intervention group), for whom we used the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) sedation protocol of Asan Medical Center (Seoul, Korea) and the COMFORT scale to maintain optimal sedation, with the data in 20 patients (control group) assessed before using the sedation protocol and the COMPORT scale. Compared with the control group, the intervention group showed significant decreases in the total usage of sedatives and analgesics, the duration of mechanical ventilation (11.0 days vs. 12.5 days) and PICU stay (15.0 days vs. 19.5 days), and the development of withdrawal symptoms (1 case vs. 7 cases). The total duration of sedation (8.0 days vs. 11.5 days) also tended to decrease. These findings suggest that application of protocol-based sedation with the COMPORT scale may benefit children requiring mechanical ventilation. PMID:17728512

Jin, Hyun Seung; Yum, Mi Sun; Kim, Seoung Lan; Shin, Hye Young; Lee, Eun Hee; Ha, Eun Ju; Hong, Soo Jong; Park, Seong Jong

2007-08-01

104

The efficacy of a specific balance-strategy training programme for preventing falls among older people: a pilot randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: older people participate in exercise programmes to reduce the risk of falls but no study has investigated a speciWc balance strategy training intervention presented in a workstation format for small groups. Objective: to determine whether a speciWc balance strategy training programmeme delivered in a workstation format was superior to a community based exercise class programme for reducing falls. Design:

JENNIFER C. NITZ; NANCY LOW CHOY

105

A New Scale for Evaluating the Risks for In-Hospital Falls of Newborn Infants: A Failure Modes and Effects Analysis Study  

PubMed Central

We aimed to develop a new scale for evaluating risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborn infants, from admission to discharge of the expectant mother. Our study was prepared in accordance with Failure Modes and Effects Analysis criteria. The risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborns were determined. Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs) were determined by multiplication of the scores of severity, probability of occurrence, and probability of detection. Analyses showed that risks having the highest RPNs were the mother with epidural anesthesia (RPN: 350 point), holding of the baby at the moment of delivery (RPN: 240), and transportation of baby right after delivery (RPN: 240). A reduction was detected in all RPNs after the application of preventive measures. Our risk model can function as a guide for obstetric clinics that need to form strategies to prevent newborn falls. PMID:20936144

Abike, Faruk; Tiras, Sinan; Dünder, ?lkkan; Bahtiyar, Ayfer; Akturk Uzun, Ozlem; Demircan, Ozlusen

2010-01-01

106

Using the Mouse Grimace Scale to reevaluate the efficacy of postoperative analgesics in laboratory mice.  

PubMed

Postoperative pain management in animals is complicated greatly by the inability to recognize pain. As a result, the choice of analgesics and their doses has been based on extrapolation from greatly differing pain models or the use of measures with unclear relevance to pain. We recently developed the Mouse Grimace Scale (MGS), a facial-expression-based pain coding system adapted directly from scales used in nonverbal human populations. The MGS has shown to be a reliable, highly accurate measure of spontaneous pain of moderate duration, and therefore is particularly useful in the quantification of postoperative pain. In the present study, we quantified the relative intensity and duration of postoperative pain after a sham ventral ovariectomy (laparotomy) in outbred mice. In addition, we compiled dose-response data for 4 commonly used analgesics: buprenorphine, carprofen, ketoprofen, and acetaminophen. We found that postoperative pain in mice, as defined by facial grimacing, lasts for 36 to 48 h, and appears to show relative exacerbation during the early dark (active) photophase. We find that buprenorphine was highly effective in inhibiting postoperative pain-induced facial grimacing in mice at doses equal to or lower than current recommendations, that carprofen and ketoprofen are effective only at doses markedly higher than those currently recommended, and that acetaminophen was ineffective at any dose used. We suggest the revision of practices for postoperative pain management in mice in light of these findings. PMID:22330867

Matsumiya, Lynn C; Sorge, Robert E; Sotocinal, Susana G; Tabaka, John M; Wieskopf, Jeffrey S; Zaloum, Austin; King, Oliver D; Mogil, Jeffrey S

2012-01-01

107

The first large-scale clinical trial to demonstrate the efficacy of mammography was Health Insurance Plan (HIP) in New York,17  

E-print Network

The first large-scale clinical trial to demonstrate the efficacy of mammography was Health a dozen other trials as well, some negative but most positive. In theory, if breast cancer begins remained, especially for younger women.30­32 There were also questions about optimal schedules

108

Validity and Reliability Study of the Self-Efficacy Scale in Rendering Piano Education to Children of 6-12 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted in order to develop a valid and reliable scale that can be used in measuring self-efficacy of candidate music teachers in rendering piano education to children of 6-12 years. To this end, a pool of 51 items was created by using the literature, and taking the opinions of piano professors and piano instructors working with…

Ekinci, Hatice

2014-01-01

109

The short version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale: Its validity, reliability, and relationship to balance impairment and falls in older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

A shortened version of the ABC 16-item scale (ABC-16), the ABC-6, has been proposed as an alternative balance confidence measure. We investigated whether the ABC-6 is a valid and reliable measure of balance confidence and examined its relationship to balance impairment and falls in older adults. Thirty-five community-dwelling older adults completed the ABC-16, including the 6 questions of the ABC-6.

Stacey Schepens; Allon Goldberg; Melissa Wallace

2010-01-01

110

Development and Validation of a Cervical Cancer Screening Self-Efficacy Scale for Low-Income Mexican American Women  

PubMed Central

While self-efficacy (SE), a construct from Social Cognitive Theory, has been shown to influence other screening behaviors, few measures currently exist for measuring Pap test SE. This paper describes the development and psychometric testing of such a measure for Mexican-American women. Data from two separate samples of Mexican-American women 50 years or older, obtained as part of a study to develop and evaluate a breast and cervical cancer screening educational program, were used in the current study. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a single factor solution and all item loadings were > .73. Confirmatory analysis confirmed a single factor structure with all standardized loadings greater than .40 as hypothesized. The eight item SE scale demonstrated high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .95). As hypothesized, SE was correlated with knowledge, prior experience, and screening intention. Logistic regression supported the theoretical relationship that women with higher SE were more likely to have had a recent Pap test. Findings showed a significant increase in SE following the intervention, indicating the measure has good sensitivity to change over time. PMID:19258484

Fernández, Maria E.; Diamond, Pamela M.; Rakowski, William; Gonzales, Alicia; Tortolero-Luna, Guillermo; Williams, Janet; Morales-Campos, Daisy Y.

2011-01-01

111

A Pilot Study of an Intervention Designed to Promote Walking, Balance, and Self-Efficacy in Older Adults with Fear of Falling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to provide interventions that are of interest to older adults who are not inclined to participate in conventional exercise programs and that can improve balance and fear of falling. One purpose of this pilot study was to assess feasibility and acceptability of an eight-week (3x/wk, 90-minute sessions) multifaceted, small group,…

Dattilo, John; Martire, Lynn; Gottschall, Jinger; Weybright, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

112

A miniature, wearable activity\\/fall monitor to assess the efficacy of mobility therapy for children with cerebral palsy during everyday living  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with cerebral palsy may have difficulty walking and may fall frequently, resulting in a decrease in their participation in school and community activities. It is desirable to assess the effectiveness of mobility therapies for these children on their functioning during everyday living. Over 50 hours of tri-axial accelerometer and digital video recordings from 35 children with cerebral palsy and

Warren D. Smith; Anita Bagley

2010-01-01

113

Aspects of reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale for older people.  

PubMed

The aim was to test aspects of reliability and validity of a Swedish version of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale (SEE-SV) for older people. Floor and ceiling effects, item-total correlation, internal consistency, test--retest reliability, content and construct validity were tested on 39 older people, mean age 72 years (SD 3.3). Content validity was also tested on five physical therapists. The results showed no floor and ceiling effects. The ICC for the total score was 0.79 (95% CI 0.61-0.89). The median weighted kappa coefficients square for the individual items was 0.63. Item-to-total correlation varied between 0.64 and 0.86 and Cronbach's Alpha for all items was >0.92. The correlations between SEE-SV and the SF-36 Mental Health and Bodily Pain subscales were r(s)?=?0.50 and r(s)?=?0.30 (ns), respectively. The correlation between SEE-SV and self-assessed physical activity was r(s)?=?0.13 (ns). Eighty-nine percent responded that the items were relevant and 92% that no item should be excluded. All physical therapists considered the items relevant, but the written instructions could be improved. In conclusion, SEE-SV has good item-to-total correlation, satisfactory internal consistence and substantial test--retest reliability. Our results show satisfactory content validity; however, studies are needed to further evaluate construct validity and to evaluate other aspects such as predicitve validity and responsiveness. PMID:24083621

Rydwik, Elisabeth; Hovmöller, Frida; Boström, Carina

2014-02-01

114

Utility of the Mattis dementia rating scale to assess the efficacy of rivastigmine in dementia associated with Parkinson’s disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  The severe, cortical, cholinergic depletion accompanying Parkinson’s disease (PD) is considered as a highly probable correlate\\u000a of cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. Recent studies have demonstrated that cholinesterase inhibitors (notably rivastigmine)\\u000a are beneficial in patients suffering from dementia associated with PD (PDD). However, the primary efficacy variables used\\u000a in such work came from scales designed for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), even though

Kathy Dujardin; David Devos; Stéphane Duhem; Alain Destée; Rose-Marie Marié; Franck Durif; Lucette Lacomblez; Jacques Touchon; Pierre Pollak; Jean-Jacques Péré

2006-01-01

115

The Efficacy of Paroxetine and Placebo in Treating Anxiety and Depression: A Meta-Analysis of Change on the Hamilton Rating Scales  

PubMed Central

Background Previous meta-analyses of published and unpublished trials indicate that antidepressants provide modest benefits compared to placebo in the treatment of depression; some have argued that these benefits are not clinically significant. However, these meta-analyses were based only on trials submitted for the initial FDA approval of the medication and were limited to those aimed at treating depression. Here, for the first time, we assess the efficacy of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) in the treatment of both anxiety and depression, using a complete data set of all published and unpublished trials sponsored by the manufacturer. Methods and Findings GlaxoSmithKline has been required to post the results for all sponsored clinical trials online, providing an opportunity to assess the efficacy of an SSRI (paroxetine) with a complete data set of all trials conducted. We examined the data from all placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of paroxetine that included change scores on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRSA) and/or the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). For the treatment of anxiety (k?=?12), the efficacy difference between paroxetine and placebo was modest (d?=?0.27), and independent of baseline severity of anxiety. Overall change in placebo-treated individuals replicated 79% of the magnitude of paroxetine response. Efficacy was superior for the treatment of panic disorder (d?=?0.36) than for generalized anxiety disorder (d?=?0.20). Published trials showed significantly larger drug-placebo differences than unpublished trials (d’s?=?0.32 and 0.17, respectively). In depression trials (k?=?27), the benefit of paroxetine over placebo was consistent with previous meta-analyses of antidepressant efficacy (d?=?0.32). Conclusions The available empirical evidence indicates that paroxetine provides only a modest advantage over placebo in treatment of anxiety and depression. Treatment implications are discussed. PMID:25162656

Sugarman, Michael A.; Loree, Amy M.; Baltes, Boris B.; Grekin, Emily R.; Kirsch, Irving

2014-01-01

116

Preventing Falls  

MedlinePLUS

... there are simple ways you can prevent most falls. Stay physically active. Regular exercise makes you stronger. ... that may result from falling. Here are some fall prevention tips from Go4Life : l Have your eyes ...

117

Volcaniclastic debris-flow occurrences in the Campania region (Southern Italy) and their relation to Holocene Late Pleistocene pyroclastic fall deposits: implications for large-scale hazard mapping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Campania Region (southern Italy) is characterized by the frequent occurrence of volcaniclastic debris flows that damage property and loss of life (more than 170 deaths between 1996 and 1999). Historical investigation allowed the identification of more than 500 events during the last four centuries; in particular, more than half of these occurred in the last 100 years, causing hundreds of deaths. The aim of this paper is to quantify debris-flow hazard potential in the Campania Region. To this end, we compared several elements such as the thickness distribution of pyroclastic fall deposits from the last 18 ka of the Vesuvius and Phlegrean Fields volcanoes, the slopes of relieves, and the historical record of volcaniclastic debris flows from A.D. 1500 to the present. Results show that flow occurrence is not only a function of the cumulative thickness of past pyroclastic fall deposits but also depends on the age of emplacement. Deposits younger than 10 ka (Holocene eruptions) apparently increase the risk of debris flows, while those older than 10 ka (Late Pleistocene eruptions) seem to play a less prominent role, which is probably due to different climatic conditions, and therefore different rates of erosion of pyroclastic falls between the Holocene and the Late Pleistocene. Based on the above considerations, we compiled a large-scale debris-flow hazard map of the study area in which five main hazard zones are identified: very low, low, moderate, high, and very high.

Bisson, M.; Pareschi, M. T.; Zanchetta, G.; Sulpizio, R.; Santacroce, R.

2007-11-01

118

Sustainable transportation stage of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy scale development and validation in two university samples.  

PubMed

Single occupancy vehicle (SOV) transportation is a key contributor to climate change and air pollution. Sustainable transportation (ST), commuting by any means other than SOV, could both slow climate change and enhance public health. The transtheoretical model (TTM) provides a useful framework for examining how people progress towards adopting ST. Short valid and reliable measures for ST decisional balance, self-efficacy, and climate change doubt were developed and their relationship with stages of change was examined. Two large university-based volunteer samples participated in measurement studies. Using multiple procedures, three brief internally consistent measures were developed: decisional balance, self-efficacy, and climate change doubt. The stages of change correctly discriminated both decisional balance and self-efficacy, as well as replicated hypothesized relationships. Climate change doubt did not vary by stages; however, it may prove useful in future studies. Results support the validation of these measures and the application of the TTM to ST. PMID:25089023

Redding, Colleen A; Mundorf, Norbert; Kobayashi, Hisanori; Brick, Leslie; Horiuchi, Satoshi; Paiva, Andrea L; Prochaska, James O

2014-08-01

119

Recurrent Falls in People with Parkinson's Disease without Cognitive Impairment: Focusing on Modifiable Risk Factors  

PubMed Central

Falls can be considered a disabling feature in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to identify risk factors for falling, testing simultaneously the ability of disease-specific and balance-related measures. We evaluated 171 patients, collecting demographic and clinical data, including standardized assessments with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), activities of daily living (ADL) and motor sections, modified Hoehn and Yahr Scale, Schwab and England, eight-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire, Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), Berg Balance Scale, Dynamic Gait Index, Functional Reach, and Timed Up and Go. ROC curves were constructed to determine the cutoff scores for all measures. Variables with P < 0.1 entered a logistic regression model. The prevalence of recurrent falls was 30% (95% CI 24%–38%). In multivariate analysis, independent risk factors for recurrent falls were (P < 0.05) levodopa equivalent dose (OR = 1.283 per 100?mg increase; 95% CI = 1.092–1.507), UPDRS-ADL > 16 points (OR = 10.0; 95% CI = 3.6–28.3), FES-I > 30 points (OR = 6.0; 95% CI = 1.6–22.6), and Berg ? 48 points (OR = 3.9; 95% CI = 1.2–12.7).We encourage the utilization of these modifiable risk factors in the screening of fall risk. PMID:25506466

Almeida, Lorena R. S.; Valença, Guilherme T.; Negreiros, Nádja N.; Pinto, Elen B.

2014-01-01

120

Relationships of Career Self-Efficacy Expectations to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Personal Styles Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationships of self-efficacy (via the Holland themes) to dimensions of personal style and personality. Examined correlations (1) Skills Confidence Inventory (SCI); (2) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator; and (3) Strong Interest Inventory. Findings support the validity of the SCI and, therefore, of all three instruments. (Author/EMK)

Tuel, Beverly D.; Betz, Nancy E.

1998-01-01

121

The REFORM study protocol: a cohort randomised controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for the prevention of falls in older people  

PubMed Central

Introduction Falls and fall-related injuries are a serious cause of morbidity and cost to society. Foot problems and inappropriate footwear may increase the risk of falls; therefore podiatric interventions may play a role in reducing falls. Two Cochrane systematic reviews identified only one study of a podiatry intervention aimed to reduce falls, which was undertaken in Australia. The REFORM trial aims to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention in reducing falls in people aged 65?years and over in a UK and Irish setting. Methods and analysis This multicentre, cohort randomised controlled trial will recruit 2600 participants from routine podiatry clinics in the UK and Ireland to the REFORM cohort. In order to detect a 10% point reduction in falls from 50% to 40%, with 80% power 890 participants will be randomised to receive routine podiatry care and a falls prevention leaflet or routine podiatry care, a falls prevention leaflet and a multifaceted podiatry intervention. The primary outcome is rate of falls (falls/person/time) over 12?months assessed by patient self-report falls diary. Secondary self-report outcome measures include: the proportion of single and multiple fallers and time to first fall over a 12-month period; Short Falls Efficacy Scale—International; fear of falling in the past 4?weeks; Frenchay Activities Index; fracture rate; Geriatric Depression Scale; EuroQoL-five dimensional scale 3-L; health service utilisation at 6 and 12?months. A qualitative study will examine the acceptability of the package of care to participants and podiatrists. Ethics and dissemination The trial has received a favourable opinion from the East of England—Cambridge East Research Ethics Committee and Galway Research Ethics Committee. The trial results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and at conference presentations. Trial registration number Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN68240461assigned 01/07/2011. PMID:25518875

Cockayne, Sarah; Adamson, Joy; Corbacho Martin, Belen; Fairhurst, Caroline; Hewitt, Catherine; Hicks, Kate; Hull, Robin; Keenan, Anne Maree; Lamb, Sarah E; Loughrey, Lorraine; McIntosh, Caroline; Menz, Hylton B; Redmond, Anthony C; Rodgers, Sara; Vernon, Wesley; Watson, Judith; Torgerson, David

2014-01-01

122

Teacher Efficacy in Classroom Management and Discipline  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scale for measuring teacher efficacy in classroom management and discipline is presented, along with results from a factor analysis of intercorrelations of items from the scale and items from two other teacher efficacy scales. Data sources included 119 preservice teacher education students and 42 student teachers. Results are presented indicating that classroom management\\/discipline efficacy is distinct from other types

Edmund T. Emmer; Julia Hickman

1991-01-01

123

Teacher efficacy: A construct validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed an instrument to measure teacher efficacy and examined the relationship between teacher efficacy and observable teacher behaviors. Factor analysis of responses from 208 elementary school teachers to a 30-item Teacher Efficacy Scale yielded 2 substantial factors that corresponded to A. Bandura's 2-factor theoretical model of self-efficacy. A multitrait–multimethod analysis that supported both convergent and discriminant validity analyzed data from

Sherri Gibson; Myron H. Dembo

1984-01-01

124

Efficacy of Guanfacine Extended Release Assessed During the Morning, Afternoon, and Evening Using a Modified Conners' Parent Rating Scale–Revised: Short Form  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of once-daily guanfacine extended release (GXR) monotherapy administered either in the morning or evening, using a modified Conners' Parent Rating Scale–Revised: Short Form (CPRS–R:S) assessed three times/day in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study randomized children 6–12 years of age with ADHD into three groups: GXR a.m. (GXR in the morning and placebo in the evening), GXR p.m. (placebo in the morning and GXR in the evening), or twice-daily placebo. The CPRS–R:S, administered in the morning, afternoon, and evening prior to each study visit, was a secondary measure of efficacy. Results: A total of 333 subjects were included in the analysis population (GXR a.m., n=107; GXR p.m., n=114; placebo, n=112). At visit 10, last observation carried forward (LOCF), subjects receiving GXR demonstrated significantly greater improvement from baseline in the daily mean CPRS–R:S total score, as well as in each of the morning, afternoon, and evening CPRS–R:S assessments, compared with placebo, regardless of the time of GXR administration (p<0.001 vs. placebo for GXR a.m. and GXR p.m.). In addition, subjects receiving GXR showed significantly greater improvements from baseline in each subscale score (oppositional, cognitive problems/inattention, hyperactivity, and ADHD index) compared with those receiving placebo, regardless of time of administration (p<0.003 vs. placebo across all subscales for GXR a.m. and GXR p.m.). Conclusions: These results provide further support for the demonstrated efficacy of once-daily GXR in reducing ADHD symptoms, and demonstrate that response is consistent throughout the day regardless of the time of administration, with improvement seen in ratings of oppositional as well as of ADHD symptoms. PMID:25286026

Rugino, Thomas; Dammerman, Ryan; Lyne, Andrew; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.

2014-01-01

125

Rapid large- and site scale RPAS mission planning for remote sensing of rock falls and landslides in alpine areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since landslides and rock falls are complex phenomena involving a multitude of factors, current and historic surface data play besides geologic conditions and others an important role in analyzing hazard situation and efficient site-specific remediation actions. Especially in displacement acceleration phases which are frequently linked to bad weather conditions, data acquisition remains difficult. Therefore RPAS with their small ground sampling distance and correspondingly high resolution open up possibilities for surveying ground situations not only for visual inspection but also for geodetic data acquisition. Both, visual and geodetic data provide valuable information for geologists and related decision makers. Slides or rock falls in alpine areas pose special challenges due to mostly acute and unforeseen displacements on the one hand and geographic conditions of narrow valleys along with steep slopes on the other hand. Rapid RPAS mission planning and mission adaption for individual requirements according to different project stages (initial investigation, repeat measurements, identification of hazard zones for urgent remediation actions, etc.) is therefore of particular importance. Here we present a computer-simulation supported approach to RPAS mission planning taking the identified thematic and remote sensing targets, the relevant terrain and obstacle databases, legal restrictions, aircraft performance, sensor characteristics, and communication ranges into account in order to produce a safe and mission-optimized flight route. For the RPAS mission planning, we combine and adapt tools developed at University of Salzburg, namely a flight track generator taking into account a 3D-model of the earth surface with both, focus on large area coverage (e.g. Austria) and the highest available resolution (e.g. sub-meter for specific areas), available obstacle data bases for the mission area (e.g. cable car lines, power lines, buildings, slope stabilization constructions, etc.) and ad-hoc or predefined target lists. Whereas large area data with moderate resolution allows rapid and remote mission planning, high resolution data avoids flights into terrain even in steep and tricky slopes. We utilize a fast-time air traffic simulation to verify that the generated mission plan satisfies the mission requirements through the prediction and near-realtime 3D visualization of the flight path as well as survey camera views. If required for the mission, the survey camera view can be supported by augmented reality features (showing up-to-date or historic or thematic analysis data relevant to the mission). The accurate mission planning and generation of a detailed flight track supports also systematic repetitions of the RPAS survey flight for situation awareness or research purposes. During the execution of the mission the simulated flight track provides a nominal-actual comparison guiding the operation that can be rapidly changed using the same tools with predictable results during the mission. We present the developed rapid mission planning approach on the basis of selected examples in the Austrian Alps.

Gräupl, Thomas; Pschernig, Elias; Rokitansky, Carl-Herbert; Oleire-Oltmanns, Sebastian; Zobl, Fritz

2014-05-01

126

The Internet Self-Perception Scale: Measuring Elementary Students' Levels of Self-Efficacy regarding Internet Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated fourth grade students' perceptions of abilities to use the Internet. The 31-item research instrument measuring Internet Self-Perceptions was adapted for use from the Reader Self-Perception Scale (RSPS) developed by Henk and Melnick (1995). The RSPS survey was based upon Bandura's (1977, 1986, 1995) research in the areas of…

Hinson, Janice; DiStefano, Christine; Daniel, Cathy

2003-01-01

127

Efficacy of a commercial live attenuated Lawsonia intracellularis vaccine in a large scale field trial in Korea  

PubMed Central

Purpose Porcine proliferative enteropathy (PPE) is known as one of the most important risk factors causing economic losses in swine industry worldwide. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a commercial oral attenuated Lawsonia intracellularis vaccine (Enterisol Ileitis) against PPE under a commercial pig farm condition in Korea. Materials and Methods Thirty two-day-old 672 piglets were randomly allocated into vaccinated and control groups. All piglets in the vaccinated group were inoculated with a commercial attenuated L. intracellularis vaccine as following the manufacturer's instruction. Body weights of all pigs in both groups were measured on the vaccination day and 6, 14, and 20 weeks post vaccination and an average daily weight gain (ADWG) was calculated. Health status was observed biweekly during the whole trial. Results The vaccinated group showed significantly higher body weight (p<0.05) and ADWG (p<0.05) than those of the control group. The vaccinated group had significantly reduced impairments in activity, growth, defecation frequency, and stool hardness (p<0.05). Additional health benefits and improved weight gain by the vaccination produced a 4.2:1 return of investment, and the higher gross margin was $4.80 per pig. Conclusion Our finding suggests that the L. intracellularis vaccine program has effects on the substantial health and economic benefits in the Korean swine industry. PMID:23858405

Park, Sangshin; Lee, Joong-Bok; Kim, Kyung-Jin; Oh, Yu-Sik; Kim, Man-Ok; Oh, Yu-Ri; Hwang, Min-A; Lee, Jung-Ah

2013-01-01

128

Full-Scale Direct Numerical Simulation of Two- and Three-Dimensional Instabilities and Rivulet Formulation in Heated Falling Films  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A thin film draining on an inclined plate has been studied numerically using finite element method. Three-dimensional governing equations of continuity, momentum and energy with a moving boundary are integrated in an arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian frame of reference. Kinematic equation is solved to precisely update interface location. Rivulet formation based on instability mechanism has been simulated using full-scale computation. Comparisons with long-wave theory are made to validate the numerical scheme. Detailed analysis of two- and three-dimensional nonlinear wave formation and spontaneous rupture forming rivulets under the influence of combined thermocapillary and surface-wave instabilities is performed.

Krishnamoorthy, S.; Ramaswamy, B.; Joo, S. W.

1995-01-01

129

Boris Pasternak Snow fall. Snow fall.  

E-print Network

Pasternak SNOW FALL Snow fall. Snow fall. Toward sparks in twirling clouds Orchids are extending sprouts Through the windows and walls. Snow fall. And in despair All begin a flying ball: Rusty fire-escaping stairs, Overwhelmed newspaper stalls. Snow fall. Snow fall. It is not the flakes are falling

Givental, Alexander

130

Racer efficacy study – Lane, Fall 2007  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Racer (ammonium nonanoate) is labeled for non-food use and efforts are currently underway to label it as a bio-herbicide for organically grown food crops. The main component of Racer is ammonium nonanoate which occurs in nature and is primarily formed from biodegradation of higher fatty acids. The...

131

Teachers' instructional efficacy and teachers' efficacy toward integration of information technologies in the classroom.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between teachers' instructional efficacy and their efficacy toward integration of technologies in the classroom. A sample of 309 French Canadian elementary school teachers volunteered and were administered a French Canadian version of the Teacher Efficacy Scale and Teachers' efficacy scale toward integration of technologies in the classroom. Analysis yielded, as expected, a positive and significant partial correlation between the two types of self-efficacy beliefs (.27 and .36). PMID:15362419

Dussault, Marc; Deaudelin, Colette; Brodeur, Monique

2004-06-01

132

Free Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The animation simulates an object in free-fall near the surface of the earth. Use the links to view a projectile released from rest and a projectile initially projected upward. Air resistance is neglected in the simulation.

Wolfgang Christian

133

Influences on modern multifactorial falls prevention interventions and fear of falling in non-frail older adults: a literature review.  

PubMed

This review explores underlying features that may influence fear of falling and the effectiveness of multifactorial falls prevention programs in community dwelling non-frail adults aged 65 and older. It also examines the interrelationship between fear of falling and multifactorial falls prevention interventions. A literature search of medical databases was conducted to identify articles that address the fear of falling and multifactorial programs as either a primary or secondary component of their findings. Multifactorial interventions were assessed in terms of their program content, design, demographics, implementation techniques, and cost-effectiveness. Falls are a common, but preventable, cause of morbidity and injury in older adults 65 and over. In addition to physiological variables, fear of falling and self-efficacy are psychosocial factors that impact the incidence of falls in this population. Addressing fear of falling in addition to physiological parameters may influence the success of multifactorial falls prevention programs for adults 65 and over. PMID:25110534

Svantesson, Ulla; Babagbemi, Buki; Foster, Lakicia; Alricsson, Marie

2014-10-01

134

Reliability of the Swedish version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (S-ESES): a test-retest study in adults with neurological disease.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: To examine the test-retest reliability of the Swedish translated version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (S-ESES) in people with neurological disease and to examine internal consistency. Design: Test-retest study. Subjects: A total of 30 adults with neurological diseases including: Parkinson's disease; Multiple Sclerosis; Cervical Dystonia; and Charcot Marie Tooth disease. Method: The S-ESES was sent twice by surface mail. Completion interval mean was 16 days apart. Weighted kappa, intraclass correlation coefficient 2,1 [ICC (2,1)], standard error of measurement (SEM), also expressed as a percentage value (SEM%), and Cronbach's alpha were calculated. Results: The relative reliability of the test-retest results showed substantial agreement measured using weighted kappa (MD?=?0.62) and a very high-reliability ICC (2,1) (0.92). Absolute reliability measured using SEM was 5.3 and SEM% was 20.7. Excellent internal consistency was shown, with an alpha coefficient of 0.91 (test 1) and 0.93 (test 2). Conclusion: The S-ESES is recommended for use in research and in clinical work for people with neurological diseases. The low-absolute reliability, however, indicates a limited ability to measure changes on an individual level. PMID:25418018

Ahlström, Isabell; Hellström, Karin; Emtner, Margareta; Anens, Elisabeth

2014-11-24

135

Tailored Prevention of Inpatient Falls  

PubMed Central

Patient falls and fall-related injuries are serious problems in hospitals. The Fall TIPS application aims to prevent patient falls by translating routine nursing fall risk assessment into a decision support intervention that communicates fall risk status and creates a tailored evidence-based plan of care that is accessible to the care team, patients, and family members. In our design and implementation of the Fall TIPS toolkit, we used the Spiral Software Development Life Cycle model. Three output tools available to be generated from the toolkit are bed poster, plan of care, and patient education handout. A preliminary design of the application was based on initial requirements defined by project leaders and informed by focus groups with end users. Preliminary design partially simulated the paper version of the Morse Fall Scale currently used in hospitals involved in the research study. Strengths and weaknesses of the first prototype were identified by heuristic evaluation. Usability testing was performed at sites where research study is implemented. Suggestions mentioned by end users participating in usability studies were either directly incorporated into the toolkit and output tools, were slightly modified, or will be addressed during training. The next step is implementation of the fall prevention toolkit on the pilot testing units. PMID:20975543

ZUYEV, LYUBOV; BENOIT, ANGELA N.; CHANG, FRANK Y.; DYKES, PATRICIA C.

2011-01-01

136

The Interdisciplinary Nature of Unintended Fall Prevention among Older Adults: Renewed Emphasis Needed on Underlying Psychological Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevention of unintended falls among adults is a major public health focus. Previous researchers have indicated the importance of addressing the physiological issues impacting fall risk, as well as the inclusion of activities designed to improve self efficacy regarding the completion of activities of daily living. However, less published research has examined the impact of psychological variables impacting falls efficacy.

John F. Yannessa

137

Efficacy of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation of upper-room air in inactivating airborne bacterial spores and mycobacteria in full-scale studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efficacy of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) for inactivating airborne bacterial spores and vegetative mycobacteria cells was evaluated under full-scale conditions. Airborne bacteria inactivation experiments were conducted in a test room (87 m 3), fitted with a modern UVGI system (216 W all lamps operating, average upper zone UV irradiance 42±19 ?W cm -2) and maintained at 25°C and 50% relative humidity, at two ventilation rates (0 and 6 air changes per hour). Bacillus subtilis (spores), Mycobacterium parafortuitum, and Mycobacterium bovis BCG cells were aerosolized continuously into the room such that their numbers and physiologic state were comparable both with and without the UVGI and ventilation system operating. Air samples were collected using glass impingers (9 breathing-zone locations) and multi-stage impactors, and collected bacteria were quantified using direct microscopy and standard culturing assays. UVGI reduced the room-average concentration of culturable airborne bacteria between 46% and 80% for B. subtilis spores, between 83% and 98% for M. parafortuitum, and 96-97% for M. bovis BCG cells, depending on the ventilation rate. An additional set of experiments, in which M. parafortuitum was aerosolized into the test room and then allowed to decay under varying UVGI and ventilation rates, yielded an inactivation rate of 16±1.2 h -1 for the UVGI system, all lamps operating. The Z value (inactivation rate normalized to UVGI irradiance) was estimated to be 1.2±0.15×10 -3 cm 2 ?W -1 s -1 for aerosolized M. parafortuitum at 50% relative humidity.

Xu, Peng; Peccia, Jordan; Fabian, Patricia; Martyny, John W.; Fennelly, Kevin P.; Hernandez, Mark; Miller, Shelly L.

138

Toward improving food safety in the domestic environment: a multi-item Rasch scale for the measurement of the safety efficacy of domestic food-handling practices.  

PubMed

To reduce consumer health risks from foodborne diseases that result from improper domestic food handling, consumers need to know how to safely handle food. To realize improvements in public health, it is necessary to develop interventions that match the needs of individual consumers. Successful intervention strategies are therefore contingent on identifying not only the practices that are important for consumer protection, but also barriers that prevent consumers from responding to these interventions. A measure of food safety behavior is needed to assess the effectiveness of different intervention strategies across different groups of consumers. A nationally representative survey was conducted in the Netherlands to determine which practices are likely conducted by which consumers. Participants reported their behaviors with respect to 55 different food-handling practices. The Rasch modeling technique was used to determine a general measure for the likelihood of an average consumer performing each food-handling behavior. Simultaneously, an average performance measure was estimated for each consumer. These two measures can be combined to predict the likelihood that an individual consumer engages in a specific food-handling behavior. A single "food safety" dimension was shown to underlie all items. Some potentially safe practices (e.g., use of meat thermometers) were reported as very difficult, while other safe practices were conducted by respondents more frequently (e.g., washing of fresh fruit and vegetables). A cluster analysis was applied to the resulting data set, and five segments of consumers were identified. Different behaviors may have different effects on microbial growth in food, and thus have different consequences for human health. Once the microbial relevance of the different consumer behaviors has been confirmed by experiments and modeling, the scale developed in the research reported here can be used to develop risk communication targeted to the needs of different consumer groups, as well as to measure the efficacy of different interventions. PMID:17054534

Fischer, Arnout R H; Frewer, Lynn J; Nauta, Maarten J

2006-10-01

139

A pilot plant scale evaluation of a new process aid for enhancing chlorine efficacy against pathogen survival and cross-contamination during produce wash.  

PubMed

Developing food safety intervention technology that can be readily adopted by the industry often requires test conditions that match as closely as possible to those of commercial food processing operations; yet biosafety risks inherent in pathogen studies constrain most experiments to laboratory settings. In this study, we report the first semi-commercial pilot-scale evaluation of a new process aid, T128, for its impact on enhancing the antimicrobial efficacy of chlorinated wash water against pathogen survival and cross-contamination. A non-pathogenic, BSL-1, strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was inoculated onto freshly harvested baby spinach leaves and washed with large amounts of freshly cut un-inoculated iceberg lettuce shreds in wash water with free chlorine periodically replenished, in the presence or absence of T128. Changes in water quality and pathogen survival and cross-contamination were monitored at every 2 min intervals for up to 36 min for each treatment during the wash operation. Results indicated that the use of T128 did not significantly (P>0.05) influence the rate of wash water deterioration, nor the pathogen populations remaining on the inoculated spinach leaves. However, in the absence of T128 (control), survival of E. coli O157:H7 in wash water and cross-contamination of un-inoculated lettuce frequently occurred when free chlorine in solution dropped below 1mg/l during the wash process. In contrast, the use of T128 significantly reduced the occurrence of E. coli O157:H7 surviving in wash water and of cross-contamination to un-inoculated shredded iceberg lettuce under the same operational conditions, suggesting that the application of T128 in a chlorine-based fresh produce sanitization system could increase the safety margin of process control on fresh-cut operations. PMID:22857846

Luo, Yaguang; Nou, Xiangwu; Millner, Patricia; Zhou, Bin; Shen, Cangliang; Yang, Yang; Wu, Yunpeng; Wang, Qin; Feng, Hao; Shelton, Dan

2012-08-17

140

Free Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this quick activity (page 1 of PDF), learners will use a simple physics of motion and gravity demonstration to test their predicting skills. Learners predict which quarter will hit the floor first during this free fall experiment. This activity not only requires learners to observe carefully, but also listen carefully! Relates to the linked video, DragonflyTV: Hockey.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2005-01-01

141

Zero-Inflated Poisson Modeling of Fall Risk Factors in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for falls among community-dwelling older adults. The study used a cross-sectional descriptive design. Self-report questionnaires were used to collect data from 658 community-dwelling older adults and were analyzed using logistic and zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression. Perceived health status was a significant factor in the count model, and fall efficacy emerged as a significant predictor in the logistic models. The findings suggest that fall efficacy is important for predicting not only faller and nonfaller status but also fall counts in older adults who may or may not have experienced a previous fall. The fall predictors identified in this study-perceived health status and fall efficacy-indicate the need for fall-prevention programs tailored to address both the physical and psychological issues unique to older adults. PMID:25315901

Jung, Dukyoo; Kang, Younhee; Kim, Mi Young; Ma, Rye-Won; Bhandari, Pratibha

2014-10-14

142

Falling Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students drop water from different heights to demonstrate the conversion of water's potential energy to kinetic energy. They see how varying the height from which water is dropped affects the splash size. They follow good experiment protocol, take measurements, calculate averages and graph results. In seeing how falling water can be used to do work, they also learn how this energy transformation figures into the engineering design and construction of hydroelectric power plants, dams and reservoirs.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

143

Efficacy of commercial produce sanitizers against nontoxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 during processing of iceberg lettuce in a pilot-scale leafy green processing line.  

PubMed

Chemical sanitizers are routinely used during commercial flume washing of fresh-cut leafy greens to minimize cross-contamination from the water. This study assessed the efficacy of five commercial sanitizer treatments against Escherichia coli O157:H7 on iceberg lettuce, in wash water, and on equipment during simulated commercial production in a pilot-scale processing line. Iceberg lettuce (5.4 kg) was inoculated to contain 10(6) CFU/g of a four-strain cocktail of nontoxigenic, green fluorescent protein-labeled, ampicillin-resistant E. coli O157:H7 and processed after 1 h of draining at ~22 °C. Lettuce was shredded using a commercial slicer, step-conveyed to a flume tank, washed for 90 s using six different treatments (water alone, 50 ppm of peroxyacetic acid, 50 ppm of mixed peracid, or 50 ppm of available chlorine either alone or acidified to pH 6.5 with citric acid [CA] or T-128), and then dried using a shaker table and centrifugal dryer. Various product (25-g) and water (50-ml) samples collected during processing along with equipment surface samples (100 cm(2)) from the flume tank, shaker table, and centrifugal dryer were homogenized in neutralizing buffer and plated on tryptic soy agar. During and after iceberg lettuce processing, none of the sanitizers were significantly more effective (P ? 0.05) than water alone at reducing E. coli O157:H7 populations on lettuce, with reductions ranging from 0.75 to 1.4 log CFU/g. Regardless of the sanitizer treatment used, the centrifugal dryer surfaces yielded E. coli O157:H7 populations of 3.49 to 4.98 log CFU/100 cm(2). Chlorine, chlorine plus CA, and chlorine plus T-128 were generally more effective (P ? 0.05) than the other treatments, with reductions of 3.79, 5.47, and 5.37 log CFU/ml after 90 s of processing, respectively. This indicates that chlorine-based sanitizers will likely prevent wash water containing low organic loads from becoming a vehicle for cross-contamination. PMID:24215685

Davidson, Gordon R; Buchholz, Annemarie L; Ryser, Elliot T

2013-11-01

144

On the nature of fear of falling in Parkinson's disease.  

PubMed

In the elderly, fear of falling (FoF) can lead to activity restriction and affect quality of life (QoL). Our aim was to identify the characteristics of FoF in Parkinson's disease and assess its impact on QoL. We assessed FoF in 130 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) on scales measuring perceived self-efficacy in performing a range of activities (FES), perceived consequences of falling (CoF), and activity avoidance (SAFFE). A significant difference was found in FoF between PD patients who had previously fallen and those who had not and between frequent and infrequent fallers. Patient-rated disability significantly influenced FoF. Difficulty in rising from a chair, difficulty turning, start hesitation, festination, loss of balance, and shuffling were the specific mobility problems which were associated with greater FoF in PD. Disability was the main predictor of FoF, additionally depression predicted perceived consequences of falling, while anxiety predicted activity avoidance. The FoF measures explained 65% of the variance of QoL in PD, highlighting the clinical importance of FoF. These results have implications for the clinical management of FoF in PD. PMID:21876261

Rahman, S; Griffin, H J; Quinn, N P; Jahanshahi, M

2011-01-01

145

Differential diagnosis between 'unexplained' fall and syncopal fall: a difficult or impossible task.  

PubMed

Falls may be accidental (because of slipping, tripping or environmental hazards) or 'unexplained', when there is no apparent cause. Syncope is a transient loss of consciousness (LOC) and, if it occurs when the person is in the upright position, may lead to a fall. The differential diagnosis between 'unexplained' fall and syncopal fall can be difficult, if not impossible, because many patients have retrograde amnesia after syncope, that is they do not remember their prodromal symptoms. Based on the results of many randomized studies, the international guidelines on falls suggest multifactorial assessment and multifactorial treatment. Unfortunately, however, the vast majority of studies have been carried out on a mixed population of patients who have suffered accidental and 'unexplained' falls. As 'unexplained' falls account for a minority of cases, we really do not know the efficacy of multifactorial treatment in patients with this type of fall. Very recent data seem to prove that many older patients with 'unexplained' falls are actually affected by reflex syncope with retrograde amnesia, as they experience LOC during tilt testing or carotid sinus massage. Although these data make an important contribution to our knowledge of the mechanism of 'unexplained' falls, the therapeutic problems remain largely unsolved. PMID:24838038

Alboni, Paolo; Coppola, Paola; Stucci, Nicola; Tsakiridu, Vassiliki

2015-02-01

146

A Report of the Responses of Botswana Junior Secondary School Teachers on the Three Subscales of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is to present the findings of the study on teacher efficacy and classroom management. To collect data a survey was administered to 1006 Botswana participants. Out of 1006 participants only 6 did not complete the survey. Pearson-product moment correlation was computed to analyze the data using Statistical Package of Social…

Dibapile, Waitshega Tefo Smitta

2012-01-01

147

A Randomized Trial of a Multifaceted Intervention to Reduce Falls among Community-Dwelling Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of a fall prevention intervention to reduce falls among adults in a community-based health promotion program. Adults aged 65 and older within two counties were recruited (control n = 257; intervention n = 286). After 12 months, there was a significant decrease in the number of falls in…

Fox, Patrick J.; Vazquez, Laurie; Tonner, Chris; Stevens, Judy A.; Fineman, Norman; Ross, Leslie K.

2010-01-01

148

Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The common approach to scaling, according to Christopher Dede, a professor of learning technologies at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, is to jump in and say, "Let's go out and find more money, recruit more participants, hire more people. Let's just keep doing the same thing, bigger and bigger." That, he observes, "tends to fail, and fail…

Schaffhauser, Dian

2009-01-01

149

Examining Dimensions of Self-Efficacy for Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multifactor perspective on writing self-efficacy was examined in 2 studies. Three factors were proposed--self-efficacy for writing ideation, writing conventions, and writing self-regulation--and a scale constructed to reflect these factors. In Study 1, middle school students (N = 697) completed the Self-Efficacy for Writing Scale (SEWS), along…

Bruning, Roger; Dempsey, Michael; Kauffman, Douglas F.; McKim, Courtney; Zumbrunn, Sharon

2013-01-01

150

Scales  

SciTech Connect

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain — a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2007-04-27

151

[Efficacy studies].  

PubMed

Pravafenix(®) is a fixed-dose combination of 40mg of pravastatin and 160 mg of fenofibrate. The rationale behind the use of Pravafenix(®) is based on the increased residual cardiovascular risk observed in high risk patients with hypertriglyceridemia and/or low HDL cholesterol levels despite treatment with statins in monotherapy. In this article, we review the available evidence on the clinical efficacy of Pravafenix(®), which shows complementary benefits in the overall lipid profile of high risk patients with mixed dyslipidemia not controlled with 40-mg pravastatin or 20-mg simvastatin. PMID:25043542

Pedro-Botet, Juan; Flores-Le Roux, Juana A

2014-07-01

152

Perceptions of Barriers to Employment, Coping Efficacy, and Career Search Efficacy in People with Mental Illness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Barriers to Employment and Coping Efficacy Scale (BECES) and the Career Search Efficacy Scale (CSES) were designed to assist people in their work integration process. The BECES was specifically developed for people with mental illness. Although the CSES was not specifically designed for people with mental illness, its items appear relevant for…

Corbiere, Marc; Mercier, Celine; Lesage, Alain

2004-01-01

153

Teacher Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Instruction and Student Reading Achievement in Grades Three through Eight  

E-print Network

& Gibson, 1986), a global measure of teacher efficacy was used for data collection. Bandura (2001) highlighted the need for a context specific measure when measuring efficacy, "Scales of perceived self-efficacy must be tailored to the particular domains...

Poggio, Jennifer Marie

2012-05-31

154

Falls in older people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty per cent of people aged over 65 fall each year in the UK. This number increases to more than 60% in those in care homes, illustrating the contextual nature of falls. The social consequences (apart from any injury) are considerable, with fear of falling among the most common. Fear of falls reduces the patient's quality of life and increases

M Kinirons; A Hopper; Michelle Barber

2006-01-01

155

Fall 2009Fall 2009Fall 2009Fall 2009 Issue 1Issue 1Issue 1Issue 1  

E-print Network

Fall 2009Fall 2009Fall 2009Fall 2009 Issue 1Issue 1Issue 1Issue 1 Sophia From the Chair I am very and the exciting things we are doing. The department is thriv- ing, with 80 undergraduate ma- jors, 30 graduate people. They are a great source of pride for the department and the university. Our commitment

Dasgupta, Dipankar

156

Upper Yosemite Falls  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

In this image, Upper Yosemite Falls may be seen from the Yosemite Falls Trail. Upper Yosemite Falls has a total plunge of 1,430 ft (440 m). Yosemite Falls is one of the most famous waterfalls within Yosemite National Park....

157

Upper Yosemite Falls Detail  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

In this image, a detailed view Upper Yosemite Falls may be seen from the Yosemite Falls Trail. Upper Yosemite Falls has a total plunge of 1,430 ft (440 m). Yosemite Falls is one of the most famous waterfalls within Yosemite National Park....

158

Measuring Teacher Efficacy to Implement Inclusive Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure perceived teacher efficacy to teach in inclusive classrooms. An 18-item scale was developed on a sample of 607 pre-service teachers selected from four countries (Canada, Australia, Hong Kong and India). Factor analysis of responses from the sample revealed three factors: efficacy in…

Sharma, Umesh; Loreman, Tim; Forlin, Chris

2012-01-01

159

Teacher Efficacy: A Study of Construct Dimensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the structure of a construct generally labeled teacher efficacy. A sample of 342 prospective and experienced teachers was administered an efficacy questionnaire adapted from the research of Gibson and Dembo (1984). Factor analytic procedures with varimax rotation were used to generate a two-factor solution that accounted for 32 % of the variance in scale scores. Contrary to

Thomas R. Guskey; Perry D. Passaro

1994-01-01

160

Self-Efficacy during Student Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated changes in teaching efficacy during student teaching using a modified version of the Teacher Efficacy Scale. The study occurred over three-quarters of one academic year, with the survey instrument administered to all student teachers at one small, private college during student teaching orientation. Students were placed in…

Fortman, Cheryl K.; Pontius, Richard

161

Efficacy Beliefs, Background Variables, and Differentiated Instruction of Israeli Prospective Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined efficacy beliefs and choices of differentiated instructional strategies needed for effective teaching in inclusive classrooms. Israeli preservice teachers completed teacher efficacy scale and instructional strategy scales. Overall, personal teaching efficacy related to choice of instruction, but teaching efficacy did not. Participants…

Wertheim, Cheruta; Leyser, Yona

2002-01-01

162

Fall Prevention in Acute Care Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Context Falls cause injury and death for persons of all ages, but risk of falls increases markedly with age. Hospitalization further increases risk, yet no evidence exists to support short-stay hospital-based fall prevention strategies to reduce patient falls. Objective To investigate whether a fall prevention tool kit (FPTK) using health information technology (HIT) decreases patient falls in hospitals. Design, Setting, and Patients Cluster randomized study conducted January 1, 2009, through June 30, 2009, comparing patient fall rates in 4 urban US hospitals in units that received usual care (4 units and 5104 patients) or the intervention (4 units and 5160 patients). Intervention The FPTK integrated existing communication and workflow patterns into the HIT application. Based on a valid fall risk assessment scale completed by a nurse, the FPTK software tailored fall prevention interventions to address patients’ specific determinants of fall risk. The FPTK produced bed posters composed of brief text with an accompanying icon, patient education handouts, and plans of care, all communicating patient-specific alerts to key stakeholders. Main Outcome Measures The primary outcome was patient falls per 1000 patient-days adjusted for site and patient care unit. A secondary outcome was fall-related injuries. Results During the 6-month intervention period, the number of patients with falls differed between control (n=87) and intervention (n=67) units (P=.02). Site-adjusted fall rates were significantly higher in control units (4.18 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 3.45-5.06] per 1000 patient-days) than in intervention units (3.15 [95% CI, 2.54-3.90] per 1000 patient-days; P=.04). The FPTK was found to be particularly effective with patients aged 65 years or older (adjusted rate difference, 2.08 [95% CI, 0.61-3.56] per 1000 patient-days; P=.003). No significant effect was noted in fall-related injuries. Conclusion The use of a fall prevention tool kit in hospital units compared with usual care significantly reduced rate of falls. PMID:21045097

Dykes, Patricia C.; Carroll, Diane L.; Hurley, Ann; Lipsitz, Stuart; Benoit, Angela; Chang, Frank; Meltzer, Seth; Tsurikova, Ruslana; Zuyov, Lyubov; Middleton, Blackford

2011-01-01

163

Situating Pre-Service Reading Teachers as Tutors: Implications of Teacher Self-Efficacy on Tutoring Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the impact of high teacher efficacy on tutoring elementary students in reading. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) was adapted to create a reading-specific teacher efficacy scale, which is referred to as the RTSES. This scale was used to investigate whether tutors with high efficacy used more reading strategies while…

Haverback, Heather Rogers

2009-01-01

164

Situating pre?service reading teachers as tutors: implications of teacher self?efficacy on tutoring elementary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the impact of high teacher efficacy on tutoring elementary students in reading. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) was adapted to create a reading?specific teacher efficacy scale, which is referred to as the RTSES. This scale was used to investigate whether tutors with high efficacy used more reading strategies while teaching elementary students to read. The

Heather Rogers Haverback

2009-01-01

165

Balance and fear of falling in Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess internal consistency and validity of measures of balance (Berg balance scale, BBS), postural changes (postural changes scale, PCS) and fear of falling (fear of fall measure, FFM) in 70 ambulant Parkinson's disease (PD) persons, these instruments were matched with performance-based balance and mobility tests, and other clinical, functional and quality of life PD-specific measures. The BBS, PCS and

F. Franchignoni; E. Martignoni; G. Ferriero; C. Pasetti

2005-01-01

166

The effectiveness of a participatory program on fall prevention in oncology patients.  

PubMed

Falls are known to be one of the most common in patient adverse events. A high incidence of falls was reported on patients with cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of a participatory program on patient's knowledge and self-efficacy of fall prevention and fall incidence in an oncology ward. In this quasi-experimental study, 68 participants were recruited at a medical centre in Taiwan. A 20-min fall prevention program was given to patients. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the effectiveness of program after on day 3 of intervention. The data of fall incidence rates were collected from hospital record. Fall incidences with and without the program were used to compare the effectiveness of intervention. The patients' knowledge and self-efficacy of fall prevention are better than after intervention. A statistically significant difference in fall incidence rate was observed with (0.0%) and without (19.3%) the program. Our findings suggest that the fact of the bedside is that the most risk for falling in hospital must be communicated to the hospitalized patients. Educating patients about fall prevention and activities associated with falling increases their awareness of the potential of falling and promoting patient safety. PMID:25492057

Huang, Li-Chi; Ma, Wei-Fen; Li, Tsai-Chung; Liang, Yia-Wun; Tsai, Li-Yun; Chang, Fy-Uan

2014-12-01

167

Beginning teacher efficacy and the practicum in an EFL context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over recent decades, there has been compelling evidence describing the powerful effects of teachers’ sense of efficacy on their instructional activities as well as student outcomes. The present study explored the change of efficacy of prospective teachers over the student teaching period and the factors that might contribute to the change. Data collected through the Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale

Derin Atay

2007-01-01

168

A Shifting Paradigm: Preservice Teachers' Multicultural Attitudes and Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching in multicultural settings requires the awareness and ability to adapt to diverse needs and viewpoints. Teachers' multicultural efficacy may be gained from coursework or interactions within diverse communities. In this study the authors determined preservice teachers' multicultural efficacy using the Multicultural Efficacy Scale

Nadelson, Louis S.; Boham, Mikaela D.; Conlon-Khan, Lori; Fuentealba, Molly J.; Hall, Cynthia J.; Hoetker, Gregory A.; Hooley, Diana S.; Jang, Bong Seok; Luckey, Kristina L.; Moneymaker, Kelley J.; Shapiro, Matthew A.; Zenkert, A. J.

2012-01-01

169

Teachers' sense of collective efficacy: an international view  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study explores the notion of collective teacher efficacy, a characteristic of schools that has emerged as a significant factor in school productivity. More specifically, this paper examines the construct validity and reliability of the Israeli Collective Teacher Efficacy Scale and explores variables that may influence teachers' sense of collective efficacy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A sample of teacher respondents

Chen Schechter; Megan Tschannen-Moran

2006-01-01

170

Teachers' and principals' sense of efficacy in elementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent research on school improvement and effectiveness attention is paid to teachers' sense of efficacy. This research is focused on (a) teachers and (b) instructional tasks. Another restriction is that teachers' sense of efficacy is studied apart from the context in which it affects teacher behavior. This study introduces the Teachers' and Principals' Sense of Efficacy scale in pupil

Jeroen G. M. Imants; Cornelis J. De Brabander

1996-01-01

171

Sense of Efficacy Among Beginning Teachers in Sarawak  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the level of teachers’ sense of efficacy among beginning teachers in Sarawak, Malaysia. It also sought to investigate whether there is any difference in beginning teachers’ sense of efficacy in relation to gender, race and types of teacher preparation program. The study was conducted by using the teacher sense of efficacy scale. The sample consisted of 328

Rahmah Murshidi; Mohd Majid Konting; Habibah Elias; Foo Say Fooi

2006-01-01

172

High efficacy and the preservice reading teacher: A comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential impact of two field experiences, tutoring and observing, on preservice teachers’ reading self-efficacy and content knowledge. Participants completed an adapted, reading version of The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). Results showed that both groups reported growth in reading self-efficacy and content knowledge; however, there was only a marginally significant

Heather Rogers Haverback; Susan J. Parault

2011-01-01

173

Patient Education to Prevent Falls Among Older Hospital Inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Falls are a common adverse event during hospitalization of older adults, and few interventions have been shown to prevent hem.\\u000aMethods: This study was a 3-group randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of 2 forms of multimedia patient education compared with usual care for the prevention of in-hospital falls. Older hospital patients (n = 1206) admitted to a mixture

Terry P Haines; Anne-Marie Hill; Keith D Hill; Steven McPhail; David Oliver; Sandra Brauer; Tammy Hoffmann; Christopher Beer

2011-01-01

174

Fall Proofing Your Home  

MedlinePLUS

... Proofing Your Home Six out of every 10 falls happen at home, where we spend much of ... without thinking about our safety. Many of these falls could be prevented by making simple changes. Go4Life ...

175

Preventing Construction Falls  

MedlinePLUS

... I worked construction for 10 years before my fall. It shattered my body and my livelihood. Work safely. Use the right equipment. Safety Pays. Falls Cost. www.osha.gov/stopfalls/ disconnect from the ...

176

Gait characteristics of patients with phobic postural vertigo: effects of fear of falling, attention, and visual input.  

PubMed

Phobic postural vertigo (PPV) is the most common cause of chronic dizziness in middle-aged patients. Many patients report symptoms involving gait. We investigated the gait performance and its relationship to the fear of falling and attention of PPV patients in a prospective study of 24 patients with PPV and 24 healthy subjects (HS) using a pressure-sensitive mat (GAITRite(®)). Subjects walked at three different speeds (slow, preferred, fast), both during cognitive dual tasks (DTc) and with eyes closed (EC). Falls efficacy and balance confidence were rated by the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC). PPV patients walked slower, with reduced cadence (all p < 0.01), stride length (p < 0.05), and increased double support (p < 0.01) compared to HS. These changes correlated with FES-I (R = -0.528, p < 0.001) and ABC (R = 0.481, p < 0.01). Walking deterioration under DTc did not differ between PPV patients and HS, but patients showed a reduced cognitive processing speed (p < 0.05). When walking with EC, gait speed decreased more in PPV patients compared to HS (p < 0.05). Patients with PPV show gait changes which correlate with their fear of falling and balance confidence. Absent visual feedback leads to more pronounced gait deteriorations in PPV patients than in HS, indicating a higher reliance of patients on visual information during walking. These findings support the view that the gait characteristics of PPV can be attributed to an inadequate, cautious gait control. PMID:24519356

Schniepp, Roman; Wuehr, Max; Huth, Sabrina; Pradhan, Cauchy; Brandt, Thomas; Jahn, Klaus

2014-04-01

177

Dimensions of Teacher Self-Efficacy and Relations with Strain Factors, Perceived Collective Teacher Efficacy, and Teacher Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors developed and factor analyzed the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale. They also examined relations among teacher self-efficacy, perceived collective teacher efficacy, external control (teachers' general beliefs about limitations to what can be achieved through education), strain factors, and teacher burnout.…

Skaalvik, Einar M.; Skaalvik, Sidsel

2007-01-01

178

Self-Efficacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a comprehensive summary of the topic written by one of its pioneers. The site provides a definition of self-efficacy, characteristics of efficacious people, and a description of how self-efficacy can be developed or undermined. The author describes self-efficacy in social, family and school settings and in various stages of life. There is also a short bibliography.

Bandura, Albert; University, Stanford

179

Efficacy of tranexamic acid mouthwash as an alternative for factor replacement in gingival bleeding during dental scaling in cases of hemophilia: A randomized clinical trial  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of the following study is to evaluate freshly prepared tranexamic acid mouth wash (FTAMW) as an alternative to factor replacement therapy (FRT) in controlling gingival bleeding in hemophiliacs during dental scaling. Materials and Methods: Experimental treatment regime (ETR) involved saline transfusion followed by FTAMW and the control treatment regime (CTR) involved FRT followed by placebo mouthwash. A total of 22 hemophiliacs randomly received dental scaling under either CTR or ETR at two different visits, following a split mouth design. They were instructed to use the rendered mouthwash 4 times a day for 5 days and record the mouthwash usage and bleeding episodes in a logbook. The difference in the bleeding episodes was analyzed using Chi-square test with the level of significance predetermined at 0.05. Results: Totally 19 patients completed the study. Seven patients reported no bleeding either in ETR or CTR; five patients noticed bleeding in CTR, but not in ETR. Three patients noticed bleeding in ETR, but not in CTR. Patients reported ease in usage and cost-effectiveness of ETR. Conclusion: FTAMW was found to be an effective alternative to FRT in controlling gingival hemorrhage in hemophiliacs during dental scaling. PMID:24808695

Nuvvula, Sivakumar; Gaddam, Kumar Raja; Kamatham, Rekhalakshmi

2014-01-01

180

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING  

E-print Network

2009-2010 EVEG 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING FALL SPRING HOURS: 15 18 18 16 in summer Course taught in spring (3) BIOL 1201 Biology I (1) BIOL 1208 Biology Lab PHYS 1100 Intro to Phys) EVEG 4151 or EVEG 3272 (3) ChE 4253 Air Quality S (3) CE 3200 Hydraulics F A/H/S General Education Arts

Stephens, Jacqueline

181

Effects of a Randomized Controlled Recurrent Fall Prevention Program on Risk Factors for Falls in Frail Elderly Living at Home in Rural Communities  

PubMed Central

Background Falling can lead to severe health issues in the elderly and importantly contributes to morbidity, death, immobility, hospitalization, and early entry to long-term care facilities. The aim of this study was to devise a recurrent fall prevention program for elderly women in rural areas. Material/Methods This study adopted an assessor-blinded, randomized, controlled trial methodology. Subjects were enrolled in a 12-week recurrent fall prevention program, which comprised strength training, balance training, and patient education. Muscle strength and endurance of the ankles and the lower extremities, static balance, dynamic balance, depression, compliance with preventive behavior related to falls, fear of falling, and fall self-efficacy at baseline and immediately after the program were assessed. Sixty-two subjects (mean age 69.2±4.3 years old) completed the program – 31 subjects in the experimental group and 31 subjects in the control group. Results When the results of the program in the 2 groups were compared, significant differences were found in ankle heel rise test, lower extremity heel rise test, dynamic balance, depression, compliance with fall preventative behavior, fear of falling, and fall self-efficacy (p<0.05), but no significant difference was found in static balance. Conclusions This study shows that the fall prevention program described effectively improves muscle strength and endurance, balance, and psychological aspects in elderly women with a fall history. PMID:25394805

Jeon, Mi Yang; Jeong, HyeonCheol; Petrofsky, Jerrold; Lee, Haneul; Yim, JongEun

2014-01-01

182

Snow Falls - Maine  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

As the Little Androscoggin River flows through western Maine it eventually reaches Snow Falls, a 25 ft cascading waterfall in the town of West Paris.  This photo was taken during a high flow event at the falls. The USGS monitors the Little Androscoggin River upstream of the falls at station 01...

183

How Do Things Fall?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn that it is incorrect to believe that heavier objects fall faster than lighter objects. By close observation of falling objects, they see that it is the amount of air resistance, not the weight of an object, which determines how quickly an object falls.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

184

The role of leadership in developing and sustaining collective efficacy in a professional learning community  

E-print Network

Efficacy scale to be used to determine individual teacherefficacy scale instrument to determine connections between leader effectiveness and teachers’teacher efficacy model) designed by Tschannen-Moran, Woolfolk-Hoy, and Hoy (1998) to build a 21-item collective efficacy scale

Porter, William A.

2011-01-01

185

Writing Essays: Does Self-Efficacy Matter? The Relationship between Self-Efficacy in Reading and in Writing and Undergraduate Students' Performance in Essay Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-efficacy beliefs have been identified as associated with students' academic performance. The present research assessed the relationship between two new self-efficacy scales (self-efficacy in reading [SER] and self-efficacy in writing [SEW]) and students' writing performance on a piece of assessed written coursework. Using data from first and…

Prat-Sala, Merce; Redford, Paul

2012-01-01

186

Dimensions of Teacher Self-Efficacy and Relations With Strain Factors, Perceived Collective Teacher Efficacy, and Teacher Burnout  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors developed and factor analyzed the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale. They also examined relations among teacher self-efficacy, perceived collective teacher efficacy, external control (teachers' general beliefs about limitations to what can be achieved through education), strain factors, and teacher burnout. Participants were 244 elementary and middle school teachers. The analysis supported the conceptualization of teacher self-efficacy

Einar M. Skaalvik; Sidsel Skaalvik

2007-01-01

187

Tailored prevention of inpatient falls: development and usability testing of the fall TIPS toolkit.  

PubMed

Patient falls and fall-related injuries are serious problems in hospitals. The Fall TIPS application aims to prevent patient falls by translating routine nursing fall risk assessment into a decision support intervention that communicates fall risk status and creates a tailored evidence-based plan of care that is accessible to the care team, patients, and family members. In our design and implementation of the Fall TIPS toolkit, we used the Spiral Software Development Life Cycle model. Three output tools available to be generated from the toolkit are bed poster, plan of care, and patient education handout. A preliminary design of the application was based on initial requirements defined by project leaders and informed by focus groups with end users. Preliminary design partially simulated the paper version of the Morse Fall Scale currently used in hospitals involved in the research study. Strengths and weaknesses of the first prototype were identified by heuristic evaluation. Usability testing was performed at sites where research study is implemented. Suggestions mentioned by end users participating in usability studies were either directly incorporated into the toolkit and output tools, were slightly modified, or will be addressed during training. The next step is implementation of the fall prevention toolkit on the pilot testing units. PMID:20975543

Zuyev, Lyubov; Benoit, Angela N; Chang, Frank Y; Dykes, Patricia C

2011-02-01

188

A large-scale examination of the nature and efficacy of teachers' practices to engage parents: assessment, parental contact, and student-level impact.  

PubMed

As schools move forward with comprehensive school reform, parents' roles have shifted and been redefined. Parent-teacher communication is critical to student success, yet how schools and teachers contact parents is the subject of few studies. Evaluations of school-change efforts require reliable and useful measures of teachers' practices in communicating with parents. The structure of teacher-parent-contact practices was examined using data from multiple, longitudinal cohorts of schools and teachers from a large-scale project and found to be a reliable and stable measure of parent contact across building levels and localities. Teacher/school practices in contacting parents were found to be significantly related to parent reports of school contact performance and student academic adjustment and achievement. Implications for school improvement efforts are discussed. PMID:19083369

Seitsinger, Anne M; Felner, Robert D; Brand, Stephen; Burns, Amy

2008-08-01

189

Teacher and Collective Efficacy Beliefs as Predictors of Professional Commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors sought to determine whether teacher and collective efficacy beliefs predict commitment to the teaching profession. The participants were 26,257 teachers and 6,711 principals who responded to the public school teacher and principal questionnaires of the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey (U.S. Department of Education, 2005). The authors developed 2 teacher efficacy scales, a collective teacher efficacy scale, and

Herbert Ware; Anastasia Kitsantas

2007-01-01

190

Transfer effects of fall training on balance performance and spatiotemporal gait parameters in healthy community-dwelling older adults: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This study examined transfer effects of fall training on fear of falling (Falls Efficacy Scale-International [FES-I]), balance performance, and spatiotemporal gait characteristics in older adults. Eighteen community-dwelling older adults (ages 65-85) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. The intervention group completed 12 training sessions (60 min, 6 weeks). During pre- and posttesting, we measured FES-I, balance performance (double limb, closed eyes; single limb, open eyes; double limb, open eyes with motor-interfered task), and gait parameters (e.g., velocity; cadence; stride time, stride width, and stride length; variability of stride time and stride length) under single- and motor-interfered tasks. Dual tasks were applied to appraise improvements of cognitive processing during balance and gait. FES-I (p = .33) and postural sway did not significantly change (0.36 < p < .79). Trends toward significant interaction effects were found for step width during normal walking and stride length variability during the motor dual task (p = .05, ?p 2 = .22). Fall training did not sufficiently improve fear of falling, balance, or gait performance under single- or dual-task conditions in healthy older adults. PMID:23881433

Donath, Lars; Faude, Oliver; Bridenbaugh, Stephanie A; Roth, Ralf; Soltermann, Martin; Kressig, Reto W; Zahner, Lukas

2014-07-01

191

Wavepackets falling under a mirror  

E-print Network

We depict and analyze a new effect for wavepackets falling freely under a barrier or well. The effect appears for wavepackets whose initial spread is smaller than the combination $\\ds \\sqrt{\\frac{l_g^3}{|z_0|}}$, between the gravitational length scale $\\ds l_g = \\frac{1}{(2 m^2 g)^{1/3}}$ and the initial location of the packet $z_0$. It consists of a diffractive structure that is generated by the falling and spreading wavepacket and the waves reflected from the obstacle. The effect is enhanced when the Gross-Pitaevskii interaction for positive scattering length is included. The theoretical analysis reproduces the essential features of the effect. Experiments emanating from the findings are proposed.

G. Kälbermann

2002-03-07

192

Long-wavelength equation for vertically falling films  

Microsoft Academic Search

An equation is derived for describing wave evolution on the surface of a vertically falling viscous film. The traditional long-wavelength scaling is replaced by a new scaling to reduce the two dimensional Navier-Stokes equations to a single evolution equation for the scaled film thickness h(x,t) . The scaling suggests that the Weber number ( We ) must be used instead

Mohan K. R. Panga; Ramesh R. Mudunuri; Vemuri Balakotaiah

2005-01-01

193

Teacher Self-efficacy, Collective Teacher Efficacy, Automatic Thoughts, States of Mind, and Stress in Elementary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between teacher self-efficacy, collective teacher efficacy, automatic thoughts, Balanced States of Mind (BSOM) model, and levels of stress in regular education elementary school teachers. A sample of 66 teachers from rural and urban south central Pennsylvania school districts completed the following questionnaires: Teacher Beliefs Scale (TBS), Collective Teacher Beliefs Scale (CTBS), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire -

Robert W. Shambaugh

2008-01-01

194

Teachers’ perceived efficacy among English as a foreign language teachers in middle schools in Venezuela  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers’ sense of efficacy has been shown to influence teachers’ actions and student outcomes. This study explored self-efficacy beliefs among English as a Foreign Language teachers in selected schools in Venezuela. Data were collected through a survey administered to 100 teachers. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001) was used to assess efficacy for management, engagement,

Carmen Teresa Chacón

2005-01-01

195

147. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

147. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; VIEW OF MAIN HEADGATES, EAST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

196

141. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

141. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; CLOSE-UP OF MAIN HEADGATES, RADIAL GATES INSIDE, SOUTHEAST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

197

148. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

148. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER DAM; HEADGATES AT INLET, SOUTHWEST VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

198

149. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

149. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL DIVERSION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER DAM; CLOSE-UP OF MAIN CANAL GATES, SOUTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

199

97. POINT SPILL, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

97. POINT SPILL, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY NORTHWEST OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; OVERALL WEST VIEW FROM CANAL SIDE. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

200

98. SHOESTRING, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY NORTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

98. SHOESTRING, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY NORTHWEST OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; PROFILE VIEW, SOUTH. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

201

99. POINT SPILL, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

99. POINT SPILL, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY NORTHWEST OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; CLOSE-UP OF OUTLET SIDE OF GATES, SOUTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

202

Diagnosis and Tests: Evaluating a Fall or Risk of Falling  

MedlinePLUS

... our e-newsletter! Aging & Health A to Z Falls Prevention Diagnosis & Tests Evaluating a Fall or Risk of Falling At your next regular ... professional about your risk of falling. Describe any falls or close calls you’ve had, even if ...

203

Measuring Teaching Assistants' Efficacy using the Rasch Model.  

PubMed

Teaching assistants (TAs) play an influential role in primary and secondary schools. But there is an absence in literature about the TA's efficacy, and to date no instrument is available for measuring TA's efficacy. The present study aims to develop and validate a scale (Teaching Assistant Efficacy Scale, TAES) for measuring TA's efficacy on identified capabilities. A total of 531 teaching assistants from Hong Kong schools participated in the survey. The multidimensional Rasch model was used to analyse the data. The results revealed that a 5-dimension structure of TA's efficacy was supported. The final 30-item version of TAES assesses TA's efficacy on learning support, teaching support, behaviour management, cooperation, and administrative support. The Rasch reliabilities for all five dimensions were around 0.90. The 6-category response structure worked well for the scale. Further research was recommended to validate and test the robustness of the TAES both in Hong Kong and elsewhere. PMID:25562336

Yan, Zi; Lum, Chun Wai; Lui, Rick Tze Leung; Chu, Steven Sing Wa; Lui, Ming

2015-01-01

204

Principal Self-Efficacy: Relations with Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Motivation to Quit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore relations between principals' self-efficacy, burnout, job satisfaction and principals' motivation to quit. Principal self-efficacy was measured by a recently developed multidimensional scale called the Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale. Burnout was measured by a modified version of the Maslach Burnout…

Federici, Roger A.; Skaalvik, Einar M.

2012-01-01

205

Principals' Self-Efficacy: Relations with Job Autonomy, Job Satisfaction, and Contextual Constraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore relations between principals' self-efficacy, perceived job autonomy, job satisfaction, and perceived contextual constraints to autonomy. Principal self-efficacy was measured by a multidimensional scale called the Norwegian Principal Self-Efficacy Scale. Job autonomy, job satisfaction, and contextual…

Federici, Roger A.

2013-01-01

206

Thermal scale modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Complex system study data indicate that factors associated with multilayer insulation pose major problem in scale modeling, that numerical analysis aids correction for known compromises of scaling criteria, and that probable errors in scale modeling experiments fall within range predicted by statistical analysis.

Mac Gregor, R. K.

1971-01-01

207

Flow Slide Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Flash animation displays in quick sequence four different mass wasting events: earthflow, translational slump, rotational slump, and rock fall. Images are attractive but there is little in the way of causative factors involved in mass wasting. To access the animation Click on the "Flow Slide Fall" link.

McGraw-Hill

208

Experiments in Free Fall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model lift containing a figure of Albert Einstein is released from the side of a tall building and its free fall is arrested by elastic ropes. This arrangement allows four simple experiments to be conducted in the lift to demonstrate the effects of free fall and show how they can lead to the concept of the equivalence of inertial and…

Art, Albert

2006-01-01

209

Recognizing Falls from Silhouettes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major problem among the elderly involves falling. The recognition of falls from video first requires the segmentation of the individual from the background. To ensure privacy, segmentation should result in a silhouette that is a binary map indicating only the body position of the individual in an image. We have previously demonstrated a segmentation method based on color that

Derek Anderson; James M. Keller; Marjorie Skubic; Xi Chen; Zhihai He

2006-01-01

210

Fall Leaf Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how students can create a stunning as well as economical mosaic utilizing fall's brilliantly colored leaves, preserved at their peak in color. Start by choosing a beautiful fall day to take students on a nature walk to collect a variety of leaves in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Focus on collecting a…

O'Hara, Cristina

2012-01-01

211

Falls and Fractures  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Improvements Prevent Falls Many State and local governments have education and/or home modification programs to help older people prevent falls. Check with your local health department, senior affairs office, or area agency on aging to see if there is ...

212

Landscape Ecology + Planning NRE 687 Fall 2013  

E-print Network

Landscape Ecology + Planning NRE 687 ­ Fall 2013 Course Syllabus NRE 687: Landscape Planning in the field of landscape ecology. Hierarchy theory and methods for working across spatial scales. The social Critical Issues to Explore Changing landscapes ­ urban ecology, habitat connectivity, invasive species

Awtar, Shorya

213

Factors associated with fear of falling in people with Parkinson’s disease  

PubMed Central

Background This study aimed to comprehensibly investigate potential contributing factors to fear of falling (FOF) among people with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD). Methods The study included 104 people with PD. Mean (SD) age and PD-duration were 68 (9.4) and 5 (4.2) years, respectively, and the participants’ PD-symptoms were relatively mild. FOF (the dependent variable) was investigated with the Swedish version of the Falls Efficacy Scale, i.e. FES(S). The first multiple linear regression model replicated a previous study and independent variables targeted: walking difficulties in daily life; freezing of gait; dyskinesia; fatigue; need of help in daily activities; age; PD-duration; history of falls/near falls and pain. Model II included also the following clinically assessed variables: motor symptoms, cognitive functions, gait speed, dual-task difficulties and functional balance performance as well as reactive postural responses. Results Both regression models showed that the strongest contributing factor to FOF was walking difficulties, i.e. explaining 60% and 64% of the variance in FOF-scores, respectively. Other significant independent variables in both models were needing help from others in daily activities and fatigue. Functional balance was the only clinical variable contributing additional significant information to model I, increasing the explained variance from 66% to 73%. Conclusions The results imply that one should primarily target walking difficulties in daily life in order to reduce FOF in people mildly affected by PD. This finding applies even when considering a broad variety of aspects not previously considered in PD-studies targeting FOF. Functional balance performance, dependence in daily activities, and fatigue were also independently associated with FOF, but to a lesser extent. Longitudinal studies are warranted to gain an increased understanding of predictors of FOF in PD and who is at risk of developing a FOF. PMID:24456482

2014-01-01

214

Microsoft Word - Self-efficacy_Scale.doc  

Cancer.gov

Smoking Survey The following items ask you to describe your ability to handle smoking situations. Your answers will be kept secret. Not even your teacher or parents will see them. You do not need to write your name on the paper. Please try to answer

215

Developing a self-reported tool on fall risk based on toileting responses on in-hospital falls.  

PubMed

The aim of this cohort study was to determine the predictive value of a 2-item self-reported questionnaire regarding in-hospital toileting behavior for predicting falls in older inpatients and to compare its performance with an existing state-based falls assessment scale. Between May 28, 2009 and January 30, 2010, we assessed aged care inpatients for risk of falls using the standard STRATIFY fall screening tool and the 2-item self-reported questionnaire developed for this study. The participants were then followed up, with the primary outcome being the occurrence of falls. Results indicated that participants who were unable to answer the 2-item questionnaire appropriately or sensibly were 14.1 times (confidence interval [CI]: 4.4-45, p <. 001) to 17.0 times (CI: 6.7-43, p < .001) more likely to fall than those who gave an appropriate negative or positive answer. Participants who were assessed to be at high risk of falls on the STRATIFY scale were 9.5 times (odds ratio: 9.5, CI: 1.3-72, p = .03) more likely to fall than those who were low risk. In conclusion, a simple bedside questionnaire regarding patients' toileting behavior with a careful appraisal of answers for appropriate and inappropriate answers may be used as a quick screening tool of fall risk. PMID:22055642

Ko, Anita; Nguyen, Huong Van; Chan, Leemin; Shen, Qing; Ding, Xiao Man; Chan, Daniel Leonard; Chan, Daniel Kam Yin; Brock, Kaye; Clemson, Lindy

2012-01-01

216

Maxillofacial Fractures due to Falls: does Fall Modality Determine the Pattern of Injury?  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives In several epidemiological studies of maxillofacial trauma, falls were one of the most frequent causes of facial injury. The aim of this study is to analyse the patterns of fall-related maxillofacial injuries based on the height of the fall. Material and Methods Using a systematic computer-assisted database of patients hospitalised with maxillofacial fractures, only those with fall-related injuries were considered. The falls were divided into four groups: falls from slipping, tripping or stumbling (STSF), loss of consciousness (LOCF), stairs (SAF), and height (HF). Data on the age, gender, fracture site, Facial Injury Severity Scale (FISS), facial lacerations, associated lesions, type of treatment, and length of hospital stay were also analysed. Results This study included 557 patients (338 males, 219 females; average age 51.5 years [range 4 - 99 years]). In the over 60 age group, females were more prevalent in STSF than males. According to aetiology, STSF was the most frequent cause of maxillofacial fractures (315 patients; 56.5%) followed by LOCF (157; 28.2%), HF (55; 9.9%), and SAF (30; 5.4%). The middle third of the face was affected most frequently. After LOCF, however, the inferior third was prevalently involved. The majority of associated fractures, as well as the most severe injuries and greatest rate of facial lacerations, occurred secondary to HF. Conclusions This study showed that fracture severity and site are influenced not only by patient age, but also by the nature of the fall. PMID:25635212

Boffano, Paolo; Bianchi, Francesca A.; Zavattero, Emanuele

2014-01-01

217

A case study: Analysis of teacher self-efficacy of teacher candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze the teacher self-efficacy beliefs of the teacher candidates by some variables such as gender and general academic achievement. Twenty nine students participated to this study. Teacher self-efficacy scale and educational software development self-efficacy scale were used as instruments. No significant difference was found between teacher self-efficacy perceptions of teacher candidates according to

Adem Uzun; Rüçhan Özk?l?ç; Aysan ?entürk

2010-01-01

218

Falling in Fluid Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Falling in Fluid model shows a sphere falling through a fluid. The sphere is acted on by gravitational, buoyant, and viscous drag forces acting at the interface between the fluid and the object. At high speed, the drag force is proportional to the square of the speed whereas at low speed it is proportional to the speed. These regimes are characterized by the Reynolds number and this model computes the viscous drag force using a phenomenological equation that depends on the Reynolds number. The Falling in Fluid model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_mech__fluids_FallingInFluid.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Christian, Wolfgang

2010-05-18

219

Seneca Falls. Classroom Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a secondary school lesson based on the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments. Provides lesson objectives and step-by-step instructional procedures. Includes quoted sections of the Declaration of Sentiments. (CFR)

Balantic, Jeannette; Libresco, Andrea S.

1995-01-01

220

Editors' Fall Picks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From the fall's cascade of great new books, "Library Journal's" editors select their favorites--a dark rendition of Afghan life, a look at the "self-esteem trap," a celebration of Brooklyn activism, and much more.

Hoffert, Barbara; Heilbrun, Margaret; Kuzyk, Raya; Kim, Ann; McCormack, Heather; Katterjohn, Anna; Burns, Ann; Williams, Wilda

2008-01-01

221

Welcome Fall 2007  

E-print Network

Keith Diaz Moore, Chair of the University of Kansas School of Architecture, introduces the new KU Archcast, welcomes students for the fall 2007 semester and announces some accomplishments of faculty and students as well as important dates...

Diaz Moore, Keith

2007-08-15

222

Falling Loop Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EJS Falling Loop Model shows a conducting loop falling out of a uniform magnetic field. Users can change the size and orientation of the loop. If Ejs is installed, right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item allows for editing of the model. The Falling Loop model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_em_FallingLoop.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Cox, Anne

2009-09-24

223

Gravity and Falling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fun and simple hands-on astronomy activity lets learners experiment with a bucket, stretchy fabric, marbles, and weights to discover some basics about gravity. Learners will explore how mass curves space, how an object with more mass will curve more space, why things fall to Earth, and why all objects, regardless of their mass, will fall at the same rate into the same massive object. The pdf contains step-by-step instructions, photos, presentation tips, and links to background information.

Pacific, Astronomical S.

2008-01-01

224

Turkish Early Childhood Educators' Sense of Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The current study explores the level of Turkish prospective and current early childhood teachers' sense of teacher efficacy. Method: One hundred and six prospective, 243 early childhood teachers and a total of 389 participants were involved in the study. Participants responded to the Turkish version of Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale

Kotaman, Huseyin

2010-01-01

225

Teacher Efficacy Among Pre-Service Teachers in MPPM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research measures the beginning teacher efficacy of pre-service teachers. KPLI and KDPM trainees were given the 22 - item Teacher Efficacy Scale by Gibson and Dembo (1984) during the orientation week. This is considered important as Mortin & Welsh (1991) state that, \\

Narendra Kumar

226

Extending the Concept and Assessment of Teacher Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes an effort to develop an instrument to assess teacher efficacy for enhancing student social relations (TES). In addition, the psychometric properties of the teacher efficacy scale produced by Gibson and Dembo were examined after translation to Hebrew and administration to 218 Israeli teachers. Results indicated that the TES subscale is independent of the two original subscales and

Yisrael Rich; Smadar Lev; Sharon Fischer

1996-01-01

227

Teachers Sense of Collective Efficacy: An International View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study explores the notion of collective teacher efficacy, a characteristic of schools that has emerged as a significant factor in school productivity. More specifically, this paper examines the construct validity and reliability of the Israeli Collective Teacher Efficacy Scale and explores variables that may influence teachers' sense…

Schechter, Chen; Tschannen-Moran, Megan

2006-01-01

228

High Efficacy and the Preservice Reading Teacher: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential impact of two field experiences, tutoring and observing, on preservice teachers' reading self-efficacy and content knowledge. Participants completed an adapted, reading version of The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). Results showed that both groups reported growth in reading…

Haverback, Heather Rogers; Parault, Susan J.

2011-01-01

229

Disruptive Student Behavior, Perceived Self-Efficacy, and Teacher Burnout.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested a model in which perceived self-efficacy in classroom management explained the influence of student disruptive behavior on teacher burnout. Dutch secondary teachers completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Self-Efficacy Scale for Classroom Management and Discipline, and Order and Organization subscale of the Classroom Environment…

Brouwers, Andre; Tomic, Welko

230

Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

Isik, Erkan

2010-01-01

231

Perfectionism and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between perfectionism and career decision-making self-efficacy. Participants completed the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (R. B. Slaney, K. G. Rice, M. Mobley, J. Trippi, & J. S. Ashby, 2001) and the Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy-Short Form (N. E. Betz, K. L. Klein, & K. M. Taylor, 1996). Adaptive…

Ganske, Kathryn H.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.

2007-01-01

232

Fear of falling is independently associated with recurrent falls in patients with Parkinson's disease: a 1-year prospective study.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to examine whether fear of falling (FoF) could independently predict recurrent falls in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Seventy patients with PD completed the study. Thirty-two patients had fallen at least once in the previous 12 months. Most of patients with PD had moderate disease severity (Hoehn and Yahr stage III). FoF was assessed by the activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale. PD specific motor and balance impairment was determined by Unified PD rating scale (UPDRS). Functional mobility was measured by timed-up-and-go (TUG) test. All patients were followed for 12 months by phone interview to register monthly fall incidence. Results of stepwise discriminant analysis showed that after adjusting for the fall history (F = 32.57, P < 0.001) and UPDRS motor score (F = 25.23, P < 0.001), ABC score (F = 18.84, P < 0.001) remained as a significant predictor of recurrent falls. We further established that a cut-off ABC score of 69 (i.e. 0-100, 0 indicates no confidence and 100 indicates full confidence) demonstrated the best sensitivity (93%) in predicting future falls in PD patients. The results indicate that those with an ABC score <69 at baseline had significantly higher risk of sustaining recurrent falls in the next 12 months. Findings of the present study highlight the importance of considering FoF during fall risk assessment in patients with PD. PMID:19479166

Mak, Margaret K Y; Pang, Marco Y C

2009-10-01

233

Predictive Power of the Sources of Primary School Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Self-Efficacy Beliefs for Learning and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to reveal the extent to which the sources of 6th- 8th grade students' self-efficacy beliefs predict their self-efficacy beliefs for learning and performance. The study is correlational and was conducted on a total of 1049 students during the fall term of the educational year 2010-2011. The data of the study were…

Arslan, Ali

2012-01-01

234

A best practice fall prevention exercise program to improve balance, strength / power, and psychosocial health in older adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background With increasing age neuromuscular deficits (e.g., sarcopenia) may result in impaired physical performance and an increased risk for falls. Prominent intrinsic fall-risk factors are age-related decreases in balance and strength / power performance as well as cognitive decline. Additional studies are needed to develop specifically tailored exercise programs for older adults that can easily be implemented into clinical practice. Thus, the objective of the present trial is to assess the effects of a fall prevention program that was developed by an interdisciplinary expert panel on measures of balance, strength / power, body composition, cognition, psychosocial well-being, and falls self-efficacy in healthy older adults. Additionally, the time-related effects of detraining are tested. Methods/Design Healthy old people (n?=?54) between the age of 65 to 80 years will participate in this trial. The testing protocol comprises tests for the assessment of static / dynamic steady-state balance (i.e., Sharpened Romberg Test, instrumented gait analysis), proactive balance (i.e., Functional Reach Test; Timed Up and Go Test), reactive balance (i.e., perturbation test during bipedal stance; Push and Release Test), strength (i.e., hand grip strength test; Chair Stand Test), and power (i.e., Stair Climb Power Test; countermovement jump). Further, body composition will be analysed using a bioelectrical impedance analysis system. In addition, questionnaires for the assessment of psychosocial (i.e., World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment-Bref), cognitive (i.e., Mini Mental State Examination), and fall risk determinants (i.e., Fall Efficacy Scale – International) will be included in the study protocol. Participants will be randomized into two intervention groups or the control / waiting group. After baseline measures, participants in the intervention groups will conduct a 12-week balance and strength / power exercise intervention 3 times per week, with each training session lasting 30 min. (actual training time). One intervention group will complete an extensive supervised training program, while the other intervention group will complete a short version ('3 times 3’) that is home-based and controlled by weekly phone calls. Post-tests will be conducted right after the intervention period. Additionally, detraining effects will be measured 12 weeks after program cessation. The control group / waiting group will not participate in any specific intervention during the experimental period, but will receive the extensive supervised program after the experimental period. Discussion It is expected that particularly the supervised combination of balance and strength / power training will improve performance in variables of balance, strength / power, body composition, cognitive function, psychosocial well-being, and falls self-efficacy of older adults. In addition, information regarding fall risk assessment, dose–response-relations, detraining effects, and supervision of training will be provided. Further, training-induced health-relevant changes, such as improved performance in activities of daily living, cognitive function, and quality of life, as well as a reduced risk for falls may help to lower costs in the health care system. Finally, practitioners, therapists, and instructors will be provided with a scientifically evaluated feasible, safe, and easy-to-administer exercise program for fall prevention. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01906034 PMID:24106864

2013-01-01

235

Validation of an instrument for mathematics enhancement teaching efficacy of Pacific Northwest agricultural educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teacher efficacy continues to be an important area of study in educational research. This study tested an instrument designed to assess the perceived efficacy of agricultural education teachers when engaged in lessons involving mathematics instruction. The study population of Oregon and Washington agricultural educators utilized in the validation of the instrument revealed important demographic findings and specific results related to teacher efficacy for the study population. An instrument was developed from the assimilation of three scales previously used and validated in efficacy research. Participants' mathematics teaching efficacy was assessed using a portion of the Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (MTEBI), and personal mathematics efficacy was evaluated by the mathematics self-belief instrument which was derived from the Betz and Hackett's Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale. The final scale, the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) created by Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk Hoy, examined perceived personal teaching efficacy. Structural equation modeling was used as the statistical analyses tool to validate the instrument and examine correlations between efficacy constructs used to determine potential professional development needs of the survey population. As part of the data required for validation of the Mathematics Enhancement Teaching Efficacy instrument, demographic information defining the population of Oregon and Washington agricultural educators was obtained and reported. A hypothetical model derived from teacher efficacy literature was found to be an acceptable model to verify construct validity and determine strength of correlations between the scales that defined the instrument. The instrument produced an alpha coefficient of .905 for reliability. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to verify construct and discriminate validity. Specifics results related to the survey population of agricultural educators concluded that personal mathematics efficacy has a stronger correlation with mathematics teaching efficacy than personal teaching efficacy of teachers for this population. The implications of such findings suggest that professional development and pre-service preparation should be more focused on mathematics content knowledge rather than pedagogical knowledge when the objective is to enhance mathematics in interdisciplinary lessons.

Jansen, Daniel J.

236

MGMT 585 2013 Fall1 2013 Fall Syllabus  

E-print Network

MGMT 585 2013 Fall1 2013 Fall Syllabus MGMT 585: Management of Change Instructor: Robert Spencer or by appointment Phone: 206.605.8294 Email: r.spencer@comcast.net Course Description: This course takes a practical

Carter, John

237

Teacher Efficacy In the Context of Teaching Low Achieving Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focused on the efficacy of Singapore teachers who teach low achieving adolescent students. Three dimensions of\\u000a self-reported teacher efficacy—instructional strategies, classroom management, and student engagement—were examined in relation\\u000a to teacher attributes and the teacher–student relationship. Data were obtained from the Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale Tschannen-Moran\\u000a and Woolfolk Hoy (Teaching and Teacher Education 17:783–805, 2001) and the Teacher–Student Relationship Scale

Lay See Yeo; Rebecca P. Ang; Wan Har Chong; Vivien S. Huan; Choon Lang Quek

2008-01-01

238

Tracing the Development of Preservice Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs in Teaching Mathematics during Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on efficacy beliefs with respect to teaching mathematics; it aims at testing and validating an existing scale for measuring efficacy beliefs in the domain of mathematics, examining the development of preservice teachers' efficacy beliefs in mathematics during fieldwork, and identifying factors that contribute to the development…

Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Philippou, George N.; Kyriakides, Leonidas

2008-01-01

239

Self-Efficacy for Social Situations in Adolescents with Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-efficacy is a potentially useful concept when applied to Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). The aims of the current study were to examine the psychometric properties of the Self- Efficacy for Social Situations Scale (SESS; Gaudiano and Herbert, 2003) and to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and anxiety in an adolescent sample with generalized SAD. Results replicated those found in a

Brandon A. Gaudiano; James D. Herbert

2007-01-01

240

Teachers' Perceived Efficacy among English as a Foreign Language Teachers in Middle Schools in Venezuela  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' sense of efficacy has been shown to influence teachers' actions and student outcomes. This study explored self-efficacy beliefs among English as a Foreign Language teachers in selected schools in Venezuela. Data were collected through a survey administered to 100 teachers. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk…

Chacon, C.T.

2005-01-01

241

Exploring Baccalaureate Social Work Students' Self-Efficacy: Did It Change over Time?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored baccalaureate social work students' self-efficacy at a rural southern university. Bandura's concept of self-efficacy is used as a theoretical base for the study. Students (N = 43) in introductory social work courses and in the field practicum course completed the Foundation Practice Self Efficacy Scale. Following The Council on…

Ahn, Bonnie; Boykin, Lolita; Hebert, Corie; Kulkin, Heidi

2012-01-01

242

Teacher efficacy: Toward the understanding of a multi-faceted construct  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore dimensions of teacher efficacy, the responses of 310 teachers to a modified version of the Gibson & Dembo (1984) [Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 569–582], scale were factor analyzed, yielding three factors. Personal efficacy concerned teachers' beliefs about their ability to perform specific behaviors. Outcome efficacy referred to teachers belief that student outcomes were attributable to their actions.

Leslie C. Soodak; David M. Podell

1996-01-01

243

The Correlation between Teacher Self-Efficacy among Seminaries and Institutes Seminary Teachers and Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the correlation between teacher self-efficacy and student outcomes. Teacher self-efficacy was measured in 99 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Seminaries and Institutes seminary teachers using Tschannen-Moran and Hoy's Teachers Sense of Efficacy Scale (2001). Student outcomes included academic grades, conduct…

Mangum, James Irvin, III

2012-01-01

244

The Interactive Effects of Race and and Teacher Self Efficacy on the Achievement Gap in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigated the interactive effects of race and teacher self efficacy on the achievement gap in math scores for one middle school. A modified teacher self efficacy scale was used to measure the teaching self efficacy of the students' teachers. Two Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) procedures showed a main effect for the teacher self…

Hines, Mack T., III

2008-01-01

245

Mathematics anxiety and mathematics teacher efficacy in elementary pre?service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between mathematics anxiety and mathematics teacher efficacy among 156 elementary pre?service teachers from a university in the southeastern United States. Data sources included the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS), Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument, and pre?service teacher interviews. Findings revealed a significant, negative relationship between mathematics anxiety and mathematics teachers’ efficacy (r = ?.475, p<.05).

Gina Gresham

2008-01-01

246

The Structure of Children's Perceived Self-Efficacy: A Cross-National Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the replicability of the factor structure of the Children's Perceived Self-Efficacy scales (CPSE; Bandura, 1990) in Italy, Hungary, and Poland. The findings of this cross-national study support the generalizability of the factor structure of children's social and academic efficacy. Perceived efficacy to resist peer pressure to engage transgressive conduct had a somewhat different factor structure for

Concetta Pastorelli; Gian Vittorio Caprara; Claudio Barbaranelli; Jarek Rola; Sandor Rozsa; Albert Bandura

2001-01-01

247

An Exploratory Study of Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Professional Learning Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The exploratory study sought to examine the relationships between teachers' self-efficacy beliefs and professional learning community. Specifically, this study presents a quantitative analysis of the relationship between teachers' perceptions of self-efficacy and PLC implementation. The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) (long form)…

Romeo, Susan M.

2010-01-01

248

Fall Prevention in Apprentice Carpenters  

PubMed Central

Objectives Falls from heights are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the construction industry, especially among inexperienced workers. We surveyed apprentice carpenters to identify individual and organizational factors associated with falls from heights. Methods We developed a 72-item fall prevention survey with multiple domains including fall experience, fall prevention knowledge, risk perceptions, confidence in ability to prevent falls, training experience, and perceptions of the safety climate and crew safety behaviors. We administered the questionnaire to apprentice carpenters in this cross-sectional study. Results Of the 1,025 respondents, 51% knew someone who had fallen from height at work and 16% had personally fallen in the past year, with ladders accounting for most of the falls. Despite participation in school-based and on-the-job training, fall prevention knowledge was poor. Ladders were perceived as low risk and ladder training was rare. Apprentices reported high levels of unsafe fall-related behaviors on their work crews. Apprentices working residential construction were more likely to fall than those working commercial construction, as were apprentices working on crews with fewer senior carpenters to provide mentorship, and those reporting more unsafe behaviors among fellow workers. Conclusions Despite participation in a formal apprenticeship program, many apprentices work at heights without adequate preparation and subsequently experience falls. Apprenticeship programs can improve the timing and content of fall prevention training. This study suggests that organizational changes in building practices, mentorship, and safety culture must also occur in order to decrease worker falls from heights. PMID:19953214

Kaskutas, Vicki; Dale, Ann Marie; Lipscomb, Hester; Gaal, John; Fuchs, Mark; Evanoff, Bradley; Faucette, Julia; Gillen, Marion; Deych, Elena

2013-01-01

249

Tai Chi and Fall Reductions in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The authors' objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a 6-month Tai Chi intervention for decreasing the number of falls and the risk for falling in older persons. Methods. This randomized controlled trial involved a sample of 256 physically inactive, community-dwelling adults aged 70 to 92 (mean age, 77.48 years; standard deviation, 4.95 years) who were recruited through a

Fuzhong Li; Peter Harmer; K. John Fisher; Edward McAuley; Nigel Chaumeton; Elizabeth Eckstrom; Nicole L. Wilson

2005-01-01

250

Dermatological Society Fall Meeting  

E-print Network

of the Medical College of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin Dermatological Society. The Medical College of WisconsinWisconsin Dermatological Society Fall Meeting Saturday, October 5, 2013 To be held at: Froedtert Chairman's Lecture Hensin Tsao, MD, PhD Associate Professor of Dermatology Harvard Medical School

251

Fall 2005 Enrollment Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report includes the following information presented in tabular form: (1) Location of West Virginia Public Institutions of Higher Education; (2) Location of West Virginia Independent Institutions of Higher Education; (3) Freshmen Headcount Enrollment, by Attendance Status, Early Fall 2005; (4) Headcount Enrollment by Residence,…

West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, 2005

2005-01-01

252

COMPUTER APPLICATIONS --FALL 2008 --  

E-print Network

navigation device (3DConnexion Space Navigator) in normal viewing mode or stereo (split-screen or full stereo into the primary Fledermaus software. MovieClient is used to create and render animated movies of Fledermaus N #12;COMPUTER APPLICATIONS -- FALL 2008 -- 2 Fledermaus primary visualization program DMagic

Smith-Konter, Bridget

253

Precision Falling Body Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a simple apparatus to determine acceleration due to gravity. It utilizes direct contact switches in lieu of conventional photocells to time the fall of a ball bearing. Accuracies to better than one part in a thousand were obtained. (SL)

Blackburn, James A.; Koenig, R.

1976-01-01

254

Annual Fall Conference  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Our two-day fall conference focuses on training science faculty to teach with case studies and to write their own cases. It features a track for beginners and a track for more experienced case teachers as well as a third track on Saturday for high school teachers.

2010-01-01

255

Magnetic Free Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use a pencil, magnets, and mat board to illustrate Newton's Second Law. Learners will observe as gravitational and magnetic forces act on two falling objects to produce an unexpected result. This activity can be used as a demonstration if the pencil device is constructed ahead of time.

Don Rathjen

2009-01-01

256

Falling into Winter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an activity that connects art, science, and nature in which elementary school students learn about deciduous trees. Explains that students create a torn-tissue collage, using fall colors for a background and drawing a silhouette of a tree without leaves on top of the background with black crayon. (CMK)

Harrington, Carolyn Lang

2000-01-01

257

Fall 2012 Course Evaluations  

E-print Network

comment. #12;3 PERSONAL ENRICHMENT Leisure Activities Name of Course # of Students Percent Architectural Wines Around The World 14 5.9 Digital Photography II 5 2.1 Dog Obedience: Basic 11 4.7 Drawing.7 Growing Fall & Winter Vegetables 17 7.2 Intermediate Digital Photography I (Visual Communication) 5 2

Hemmers, Oliver

258

Editors' Fall Picks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Library Journal's" review editors select fall titles readers won't want to miss--"Waiting on a Train: The Embattled Future of Passenger Rail Service" (James McCommons); "Happy" (Alex Lemon); "Free for All: Joe Papp, the Public, and the Greatest Theater Story Ever Told" (Kenneth Turan & Joseph Papp); "In My Father's Shadow: A Daughter Remembers…

Heilbrun, Margaret; McCormack, Heather; Katterjohn, Anna; Kuzyk, Raya; Roncevic, Mirela; Fox, Bette-Lee; Hoffert, Barbara

2009-01-01

259

The News, Fall 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fall 2002 newsletter from the Community College League of California contains several articles, news stories, and the brochure from the 2002 Annual Convention, "Celebrating the Way California LEARNS." Articles include: (1) "Nursing Shortage Poses Dilemma for Colleges: Access vs. Efficiency," a discussion of the debate over how to increase the…

Giles, Ray, Ed.

2002-01-01

260

Doppler Radar Fall Activity Detection Using The Wavelet Transform.  

PubMed

We propose in this paper the use of Wavelet transform (WT) to detect human falls using a ceiling mounted Doppler range control radar. The radar senses any motions from falls as well as nonfalls due to the Doppler effect. The wavelet transform is very effective in distinguishing the falls from other activities, making it a promising technique for radar fall detection in non-obtrusive in-home elder care applications. The proposed radar fall detector consists of two stages. The prescreen stage uses the coefficients of wavelet decomposition at a given scale to identify the time locations in which fall activities may have occurred. The classification stage extracts the timefrequency content from the wavelet coefficients at many scales to form a feature vector for fall vs nonfall classification. The selection of different wavelet functions is examined to achieve better performance. Experimental results using the data from the laboratory and real in-home environments validate the promising and robust performance of the proposed detector. PMID:25376033

Su, B Y; Ho, K C; Rantz, M; Skubic, M

2014-11-01

261

2005 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

2005 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2005), Title, Eos Trans. AGU, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract xxxxx-xx Your query was: de boer HR: 16:30h AN: A34B-03 TI: Observational/radiation interaction DE: 0394 Instruments and techniques SC: Atmospheric Sciences [A] MN: Fall Meeting 2005 New Search

Eloranta, Edwin W.

262

2006 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

2006 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2006), Title, Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract xxxxx-xx Your query was: "T11A-0425" The selected databases contain one and weathering DE: 5475 Tectonics (8149) SC: Tectonophysics [T] MN: 2006 Fall Meeting #12;

Zreda, Marek

263

2007 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

2007 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2007), Title, Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract xxxxx-xx Your query was: ildefonse HR: 1340h AN: T53B-1306 TI (0450, 1034, 3017, 3616, 4832, 8135) SC: Tectonophysics [T] MN: 2007 Fall Meeting New Search #12;

Demouchy, Sylvie

264

Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2010), Title, Abstract xxxxx-xxxx presented at 2010 Fall  

E-print Network

2010 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2010), Title, Abstract xxxxx-xxxx presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 13-17 Dec. Your query was: "Ng, C" HR: 0800h AN (SH) MN: 2010 Fall Meeting New Search AGU Home High-Lundquist Number Scaling Analysis on the Parker

Ng, Chung-Sang

265

Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2010), Title, Abstract xxxxx-xxxx presented at 2010 Fall  

E-print Network

2010 Fall Meeting Search Results Cite abstracts as Author(s) (2010), Title, Abstract xxxxx-xxxx presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 13-17 Dec. Your query was: "Ng, C" HR: 1712h AN, AND ASTRONOMY / Corona SC: Earth and Space Science Informatics (IN) MN: 2010 Fall Meeting Large-scale Reduced

Ng, Chung-Sang

266

Changes in preservice elementary teachers' personal science teaching efficacy and science teaching outcome expectancies: The influence of context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate how retrospective-test/post-test perceptions of science teaching self-efficacy differ according to personal science expectancy and science teaching outcome expectancy among preservice elementary teachers when exposed to a science teaching methods course. Preservice elementary teacher candidates (N=69) enrolled in Spring and Fall 2007 sessions of an elementary science methods class were asked to assess their science teaching self-efficacy using the Science Teaching Expectancy Belief Instrument (STEBI-B). The survey was administered three times using pre-test, post-test and retrospective-test methodology. The 23-item instrument contains a Likert-scale with a 1 to 5 range of "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree". A higher score indicated a stronger sense science teaching self-efficacy. The dependent variable was change in self-efficacy. Science teaching self-efficacy comprises two subcomponents: (1) personal science teaching efficacy (PSTE); and (2) science teaching outcome expectancy (STOE). Both components were represented as subscales on the STEBI-B. The independent variables were: (1) number of postsecondary science content courses taken; (2) perceptions of prior science experiences; and (3) a science methods course. Research questions sought to investigate main effects and interaction effects of independent variables on each of the PSTE and STOE subscales. A 2X2 ANOVA was used to statistically analyze the data with a Type I error rate of 0.05 as the judgment criteria for statistical significance. The findings revealed that whether preservice elementary teachers met or exceeded the number of postsecondary science courses required to graduate, and their positive or negative perceptions of prior school science experiences had a statistically significant main effect on the change in PSTE but not STOE. There was no evidence to suggest significant interaction effects of number of postsecondary science courses taken and perception of school science experiences on the change in both PSTE and STOE. Practical significance of the results is also discussed. The results will guide reforming teacher preparation to strengthen science teaching self-efficacy of preservice elementary teacher candidates throughout their programs of study leading out into the teaching profession. The implications of this study have bearing on current and future organization, structure, and dynamics of elementary science teacher preparation.

Hechter, Richard P.

267

Analysis of Persistence After Six Semesters: Fall 1974, Fall 1975, Fall 1976 Entering Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the seven Hawaii community colleges were examined to determine the persistence patterns of students entering the system in Fall 1974, Fall 1975, and Fall 1976 after six semesters. Students were classified as: (1) non-persisters, i.e., those who attended one semester only; (2) moderate persisters, i.e., those who attended two or more…

Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.

268

Using Likert-Type Scales in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Likert scales are useful in social science and attitude research projects. The General Self-Efficacy Exam is a test used to determine whether factors in educational settings affect participant's learning self-efficacy. The original instrument had 10 efficacy items and used a 4-point Likert scale. The Cronbach's alphas for the original test ranged…

Croasmun, James T.; Ostrom, Lee

2011-01-01

269

Mysterious Meteorites: Nobelsville Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about meteorite investigations. Learners will listen to the story of an actual meteorite fall, participate in a brainstorm session intended to focus their interest on and arouse their curiosity about meteorites, view a slide show that provides background information, and compose a conclusion to the narrative. Advanced preparation and procedural tips are included. This is lesson 1 of 19 in Exploring Meteorite Mysteries.

270

Free Fall Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation allows students to examine the motion of an object in free fall. Download below. The user can control the initial height (0-20m), set an initial velocity from -20 to 20 m/s, and change the rate of gravitational acceleration from zero to 20 m/s/s (Earth's gravitational constant is ~9.8 m/s/s). Students can also launch the ball upward from any point on the line of motion. The free fall is displayed as a motion diagram, while graphs are simultaneously displayed showing position vs. time, velocity vs. time, and acceleration vs. time. See Annotations for an editor-recommended tutorial that further explains how graphs are used to represent free fall motion. This item was created with Easy Java Simulations (EJS), a modeling tool that allows users without formal programming experience to generate computer models and simulations. To run the simulation, simply click the Java Archive file below.

2010-04-27

271

Effects of communal exercise with visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application on gait ability and fear of falling in Parkinson’s disease patients  

PubMed Central

Parkinson’s disease is a chronically developing neurodegenerative disease showing typical motor symptoms of the following triad: resting tremor, freezing of gait, and bradykinesia-hypokinesia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a communal exercise program, using the visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application, to assess gait ability, fear of falling, and fall efficacy in Parkinson’s disease patients. Subjects consisted of 29 Parkinson’s disease patients who were non-demented individuals. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups: the control group (n= 9, CG), the communal exercise group using the smart application (n= 10, CCEG), and the individual exercise group using the smart application (n= 10, ICEG). The communal exercise program consisted of a warm up (10 min) followed by communal exercise using the smart application (40 min), and a cool down (10 min) for 3 days per week over 10 weeks. The results presented here show that velocity and cadence were significantly increased among groups. Step and stride length were significantly increased among times. Fear of falling and fall efficacy were significantly different among groups and times. In particular, fear of falling was lower and fall efficacy was higher in the CCEG than in the ICEG and CG. These findings indicate that 10 weeks of the communal exercise program using the smart application can be effective in improving gait ability, fear of falling, and fall efficacy in Parkinson’s disease patients. PMID:25426465

Park, Yun-Jin

2014-01-01

272

Perceived Teacher Efficacy Beliefs for the Inclusion of the Student with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this study were twofold: (a) based on Bandura's theoretical framework, develop a four scale instrument to assess specifically general educators' teaching efficacy beliefs (TEB) concerning students with learning disabilities (Teacher Efficacy for the Inclusion of Students with Learning Disabilities Scale, TEISLDS), and (b) employ…

Esposito, Mary C.; Guarino, A. J.; Caywood, Kay Dee

2007-01-01

273

The Relationship between School Principals' Leadership Styles and Collective Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to determine the relationship between school administrators' leadership styles and the collective teacher efficacy based on teachers' perceptions. In line with this objective, the multifactor leadership style scale and the collective teacher efficacy scale were applied on 223 teachers who were working in the province of…

Akan, Durdagi

2013-01-01

274

Perceived Racism and Career Self-Efficacy in African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American adolescents' perceptions of racism and career self-efficacy relationships are examined. Participants in a southwestern urban high school completed the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure, Racism and Life Experiences Scale-Personal and -Group, and career decision and career task self-efficacy scales. Results indicate that…

Rollins, Vanessa B.; Valdez, Jesse N.

2006-01-01

275

Ideal Teacher Behaviors: Student Motivation and Self-Efficacy Predict Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in students' academic self-efficacy and motivation were examined in predicting preferred teacher traits. Undergraduates (261) completed the Teaching Behavior Checklist, Academic Self-Concept scale, and Academic Motivation scale. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that academic self-efficacy and extrinsic motivation explained…

Komarraju, Meera

2013-01-01

276

Dimensions of Teacher Self-Efficacy among Chinese Secondary School Teachers in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development of a teacher self-efficacy scale that aims to accommodate the complexity of teacher functioning in secondary schools in times of education reforms in Hong Kong. The scale was designed to assess six domains of teacher self-efficacy: teaching highly able learners, classroom management, guidance and counselling,…

Chan, David W.

2008-01-01

277

Teaching Efficacy and Teaching Performance among Student Teachers in a Jordanian Childhood Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate the teaching efficacy of student teachers in the Childhood Education Program at the University of Jordan. The sample consisted of (106) female student teachers. The Teacher Efficacy Scale and the Effective Teaching Behaviors Scale were used to collect the data of this study. Results showed that a third of the…

Weshah, Hani A.

2012-01-01

278

Teacher Efficacy: How Teachers Rate Themselves and How Students Rate Their Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to compare how teachers rate themselves with how students rate their teachers on the Teacher Efficacy the External Influences Scale, a scale designed to assess teachers' efficacy in the area of classroom organization and discipline. The participants in this study were seventh- and eighth-grade teachers and…

Bordelon, Thomas D.; Phillips, Iris; Parkison, Paul T.; Thomas, Jeff; Howell, Corinne

2012-01-01

279

Beijing In-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four-hundred-and-fifty-one in-service teachers from the Beijing municipality filled in a questionnaire containing a Teacher Efficacy for Inclusive Practices (TEIP) scale. The aim was to examine the factor structure of the TEIP scale among mainland Chinese in-service teachers, and to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy for inclusive…

Malinen, Olli-Pekka; Savolainen, Hannu; Xu, Jiacheng

2012-01-01

280

Teacher Efficacy: How Teachers Rate Themselves and How Students Rate Their Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to compare how teachers rate themselves with how students rate their teachers on the Teacher Efficacy the External Influences Scale, a scale designed to assess teachers' efficacy in the area of classroom organization and discipline. The participants in this study were seventh- and eighth-grade teachers and their students in a middle school located in

Thomas D. Bordelon; Iris Phillips; Paul T. Parkison; Jeff Thomas; Corinne Howell

2012-01-01

281

Self-Efficacy and Research Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated self-efficacy to use research methods skills in samples of sport students. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 was a quantitative study that investigated the extent to which self-esteem influenced changes in self-effica cy following the receipt of grades for an assignment from a research methods module. Ninety-seven Level 2 students completed a self-esteem scale and a

Tracey J. Devonport

2004-01-01

282

Teachers' self-efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between teachers' instructional efficacy and their organizational citizenship behavior. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of 1,100 French Canadian high school teachers. A response rate of 44.36% was obtained (279 women and 208 men whose mean age was 40.4 yr.) Teachers' instructional efficacy was assessed with a French Canadian version of the Teacher Efficacy Scale and organizational citizenship behavior was assessed with a questionnaire constructed for the study. Analysis yielded positive and significant correlations (rs ranging from .19 and .34, p<.01) between teachers' personal teaching efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors such as altruism, courtesy, conscientiousness, and civic virtue. General teaching efficacy was only related to sportsmanship (r=.15, p <.01). So the predictions were partially supported by the results. PMID:16796098

Dussault, Marc

2006-04-01

283

Walking Ability Is a Major Contributor to Fear of Falling in People with Parkinson's Disease: Implications for Rehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Although fear of falling (FOF) is common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), there is a lack of research investigating potential predictors of FOF. This study explored the impact of motor, nonmotor, and demographic factors as well as complications of drug therapy on FOF among people with PD. Postal survey data (including the Falls Efficacy Scale, FES) from 154 nondemented people with PD were analyzed using multiple regression analyses. Five significant independent variables were identified explaining 74% of the variance in FES scores. The strongest contributing factor to FOF was walking difficulties (explaining 68%), followed by fatigue, turning hesitations, need for help in daily activities, and motor fluctuations. Exploring specific aspects of walking identified three significant variables explaining 59% of FOF: balance problems, limited ability to climb stairs, and turning hesitations. These results have implications for rehabilitation clinicians and suggest that walking ability is the primary target in order to reduce FOF. Specifically, balance, climbing stairs, and turning seem to be of particular importance. PMID:21941686

Nilsson, Maria H.; Hariz, Gun-Marie; Iwarsson, Susanne; Hagell, Peter

2012-01-01

284

`In free fall'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physicists in the lead of a fiction book or a play, that's a rare event! Writers in general do not understand physics, while physicists seldom have the talent of writing for a large audience. So when it happens, we should rejoice. The up-and-coming German author Juli Zeh [1] (1974), who studied law, has succeeded in combining beautiful prose, psychological drama, crime and physics in a challenging book `In free fall' [2]. A good friend of hers, Bettina Bruinier, has put the core message of the book into a compelling play in the `Volkstheater' in Munich [1]. Yes, it can be done.

Beijerinck, Herman C. W.

2014-01-01

285

The Way Things Fall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page, authored and curated by David P. Stern, provides an introduction to the motion of objects due to gravity. Topics covered include free fall and acceleration due to gravity, with or without an initial velocity, and the effects of air resistance. Simple equations are integrated along with a short experiments related to Galileo's classic ramp experiment. A lesson plan for teachers is provided. This item is part of an extensive collection, "From Stargazers to Starships" that uses space exploration and space science to introduce concepts in physics and astronomy. Translations in Spanish and French are available.

Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

286

Africanna Newsletter, Fall 2009  

E-print Network

, “Theorizing the Funk: An Introduction” and “Blue/Funk as Political Philosophy: The Poetry of Gil Scott-Heron.” Majid Hannoum, Assistant Professor of AAAS and Anthropology, has completed a book, entitled Violent Mod- ernity: France in Algeria, which is set... and Director of KASC, has a Humanities Research Fel- lowship from the Hall Center for the Humanities for Fall 2009 and will be on sabbatical in Spring 2010 to work on a book, tentatively entitled African Cities: Alternative Visions of Theory and Practice...

2009-01-01

287

Self-Efficacy, Stress, and Academic Success in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the joint effects of academic self-efficacy and stress on the academic performance of 107 nontraditional, largely immigrant and minority, college freshmen at a large urban commuter institution. We developed a survey instrument to measure the level of academic self-efficacy and perceived stress associated with 27 college-related tasks. Both scales have high reliability, and they are moderately negatively

Anna Zajacova; Scott M. Lynch; Thomas J. Espenshade

2005-01-01

288

Maxillofacial fractures resulting from falls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study was performed to clarify the characteristics of facial fractures caused by falls with a particular focus on aetiology.Patients: Of 505 patients with facial fractures treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial\\/Craniofacial Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital from January 1997 to May 2001, 129 patients injured by falls were analysed.Study design: Aetiological analysis was performed according to falling

Seiji Iida; Stefan Hassfeld; Tobias Reuther; Hans-Gert Schweigert; Claudia Haag; Johannes Klein; Joachim Mühling

2003-01-01

289

Challenges in Defining and Categorizing Falls on Diverse Unit Types: Lessons from Expansion of the NDNQI Falls Indicator.  

PubMed

In 2012, the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators launched a project to expand its falls indicator for use on pediatric, neonatal, and psychiatric units. We discuss challenges encountered, argue that schemes for categorizing falls by cause or supposed preventability are not suitable for large-scale efforts to track and prevent falls, express concern about the growing burden of collecting increasingly granular quality data, and discuss limitations of total and injurious fall rates as quality measures.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. PMID:25188525

Staggs, Vincent S; Davidson, Jan; Dunton, Nancy; Crosser, Brandon

2014-09-01

290

A LONGITUDINAL EXAMINATION OF TEACHING EFFICACY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENT TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose ,of this study was to longitudinally examine ,the teaching efficacy of agricultural science student teachers throughout the student teaching experience. The population of interest for this study was ,all agricultural science student teachers at Texas ,A&M University. The accessible sample of the population was all student teachers during the Fall 2004 semester (n = 33). Using the

T. Grady Roberts; Julie F. Harlin; John C. Ricketts

291

Coins falling in water  

E-print Network

When a coin falls in water, its trajectory is one of four types determined by its dimensionless moment of inertia $I^\\ast$ and Reynolds number Re: (A) steady; (B) fluttering; (C) chaotic; or (D) tumbling. The dynamics induced by the interaction of the water with the surface of the coin, however, makes the exact landing site difficult to predict a priori. Here, we describe a carefully designed experiment in which a coin is dropped repeatedly in water, so that we can determine the probability density functions (pdf) associated with the landing positions for each of the four trajectory types, all of which are radially symmetric about the center-drop line. In the case of the steady mode, the pdf is approximately Gaussian distributed, with variances that are small, indicating that the coin is most likely to land at the center, right below the point it is dropped from. For the other falling modes, the center is one of the least likely landing sites. Indeed, the pdf's of the fluttering, chaotic and tumbling modes ar...

Heisinger, Luke; Kanso, Eva

2013-01-01

292

Personal Teaching Efficacy, General Teaching Efficacy and Content Efficacy: A Comparison of First and Fifth Year Agriculture Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare first and fifth year agriculture teachers' on general teaching efficacy, personal teaching efficacy, and content efficacy. Teacher efficacy has been defined as a two dimensional construct composed of personal teaching and general teaching efficacy. Personal teaching efficacy involves a teachers' evaluation of their own capability to bring about student learning. General teaching

Scott Burris; Katy McLaughlin

2008-01-01

293

A Piece of Paper Falling Faster than Free Fall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report a simple experiment that clearly demonstrates a common error in the explanation of the classic experiment where a small piece of paper is put over a book and the system is let fall. This classic demonstration is used in introductory physics courses to show that after eliminating the friction force with the air, the piece of paper falls

Vera, F.; Rivera, R.

2011-01-01

294

Community College Estimated Growth: Fall 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey from the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) found that enrollment growth in fall 2010 slowed its pace at community colleges, increasing 3.2% from the previous year. This contrasts with more dramatic increases in recent years: more than 11% between fall 2008 and fall 2009, and nearly 17% between fall 2007 and fall 2009,…

Phillippe, Kent; Mullin, Christopher M.

2011-01-01

295

Clinical prediction of fall risk and white matter abnormalities: a diffusion tensor imaging study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Tinetti scale is a simple clinical tool designed to predict risk of falling by focusing on gait and stance impairment in elderly persons. Gait impairment is also associated with white matter (WM) abnormalities. Objective: To test the hypothesis that elderly subjects at risk for falling, as deter...

296

Gender Differences in School Children's Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Students' and Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This small scale study examined gender differences in self-efficacy. 24 girls and 28 boys aged between 10 and 12 years completed self-efficacy questionnaires and attainment tests. The study was conducted in two primary school classrooms in England and the results indicated that gender differences in self-efficacy were significant with boys holding…

Webb-Williams, Jane

2014-01-01

297

The Use of the "Teaching as Inquiry Model" to Develop Students' Self-Efficacy in Literature Response Essay Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project conducted with Year 12 English students. It was based on the model of "Teaching as Inquiry" (Ministry of Education, 2007) and aimed to develop students' self-efficacy in relation to their literature-response essay writing. Self-efficacy was measured using Bandura's (2006) self-efficacy scale and an intervention was…

Featonby, Amy

2012-01-01

298

Teachers' Sense of Self-Efficacy, English Proficiency, and Instructional Strategies: A Study of Nonnative EFL Teachers in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the efficacy beliefs of nonnative English speaking (NNES) Iranian EFL teachers. EFL teachers' perceptions of their teaching efficacy in terms of personal capabilities to teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and their perceived English language proficiency level were examined. A modified version of the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001) was used

Zohreh R. Eslami; Azizullah Fatahi

2008-01-01

299

K-6 Teacher's Self-Efficacy: Their Past Experiences with Their Own K-12 Teachers as a Source of Influence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study examined elementary school teachers' teaching efficacy and past experiences with their own teachers that they believed to have affected that efficacy. Fifty seven K-6 teachers took the Teacher's Efficacy Scale (TES; Hoy & Woolfolk, 1992) and responded to a variant of Flanagan's (1954) Critical Incident Technique. Using the…

Urrea, Lisa M.

2010-01-01

300

Junior High School Students Internet Usage and Self-Efficacy: A Re-Examination of the Gender Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigated the gender differences in junior high school students' Internet self-efficacy and their use of the Internet. A total of 1080 eighth graders were randomly selected from all junior high school students in Taiwan. The Internet Self-Efficacy Scale (ISES) was developed and used to examine students' Internet self-efficacy in two…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2010-01-01

301

30 Fall 2011 Explore 31  

E-print Network

30 Fall 2011 #12;Explore 31 Growing up, Colette Dziadul learned to "cook your meat well, wash your slightly Listeria Norovirus Salmonella G #12;32 Fall 2011 The Foodborne Illness Risk Ranking Model by a grant from the Rob- ert Wood Johnson Foundation, includes the following key findings and recommendations

Guo, Jing

302

Retrospective analysis of fatal falls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fatal falls are frequent and inhomogeneous events and affect every age. The criminalistic classification can often only be done on the basis of extensive investigations and the autopsy results. We retrospectively surveyed 291 cases of fatal falls on which a post-mortem examination had been carried out in the institutes of Forensic Medicine in Bonn and Greifswald. In large part, these

Annette Thierauf; Johanna Preuß; Eberhard Lignitz; Burkhard Madea

2010-01-01

303

Not Just a Fall Tree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trees burst with color in the northern states. Autumn leaves dust the ground. Painting the fall landscape is nothing new. Teachers have been doing it in classrooms for decades. The approach, however, can make the difference between whether the fall landscape is simply painting for fun, or a real learning experience. Students learn best when they…

Miller-Hewes, Kathy A.

2004-01-01

304

STAFF FACTS FALL 2006 EDITION  

E-print Network

STAFF FACTS FALL 2006 EDITION THE OFFICE OF FACULTY AND STAFF RELATIONS #12;OFSR STAFF FACTS FALL edition of Staff Facts. Staff Facts provides University-Wide employee related data, with senior, unemployment insurance claims, etc. Source of Data Information from Staff Facts is generated from CUNY's Data

Rosen, Jay

305

STAFF FACTS FALL 2005 EDITION  

E-print Network

STAFF FACTS FALL 2005 EDITION THE OFFICE OF FACULTY AND STAFF RELATIONS #12;OFSR STAFF FACTS FALL edition of Staff Facts. Staff Facts provides University-Wide employee related data, with senior, unemployment insurance claims, etc. Source of Data Information from Staff Facts is generated from CUNY's Data

Rosen, Jay

306

NOVA Fall 1999 Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide complements five programs that aired on the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) in the fall of 1999. Programs include: (1) "Fall of the Leaning Tower"; (2) "Everest: The Mystery of Mallory and Irvine"; (3) "Time Travel, Decoding Nazi Secrets"; (3) "Voyage of Doom"; and (5) "Barely Breathing". It provides activity set-ups related…

French, Wayne; Karlan, James W.; Ransick, Kristina; Rosene, Dale; Sammons, Fran Lyons; Sammons, James

307

The Fall of Enron  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The very mention of Enron is enough to make some people rather upset, and in some circles, it is probably best not to bring up the name of this corporation at all. But, with an eye towards informing the public, the Houston Chronicle has taken on this thorny topic by creating this rather comprehensive and intelligent look at the fall of this once-mighty corporation. On the site, visitors can learn about the events leading up to the companyâÂÂs downfall through a timeline of events and past news stories created by staff members at the newspaper. The site also contains a tremendous amount of material on the current trial of Enron executives Kenneth Lay and Jeff Skilling. Coverage includes blogs containing observations from noted attorneys, transcripts of court documents and testimony, as well as photo galleries.

2006-01-01

308

Coins falling in water  

E-print Network

When a coin falls in water, its trajectory is one of four types determined by its dimensionless moment of inertia $I^\\ast$ and Reynolds number Re: (A) steady; (B) fluttering; (C) chaotic; or (D) tumbling. The dynamics induced by the interaction of the water with the surface of the coin, however, makes the exact landing site difficult to predict a priori. Here, we describe a carefully designed experiment in which a coin is dropped repeatedly in water, so that we can determine the probability density functions (pdf) associated with the landing positions for each of the four trajectory types, all of which are radially symmetric about the center-drop line. In the case of the steady mode, the pdf is approximately Gaussian distributed, with variances that are small, indicating that the coin is most likely to land at the center, right below the point it is dropped from. For the other falling modes, the center is one of the least likely landing sites. Indeed, the pdf's of the fluttering, chaotic and tumbling modes are characterized by a "dip" around the center. For the tumbling mode, the pdf is a ring configuration about the center-line, with a ring width that depends on the dimensionless parameters $I^\\ast$ and Re and height from which the coin is dropped. For the chaotic mode, the pdf is generally a broadband distribution spread out radially symmetrically about the center-line. For the steady and fluttering modes, the coin never flips, so the coin lands with the same side up as was dropped. For the chaotic mode, the probability of heads or tails is close to 0.5. In the case of the tumbling mode, the probability of heads or tails based on the height of the drop which determines whether the coin flips an even or odd number of times during descent.

Luke Heisinger; Paul K Newton; Eva Kanso

2013-12-08

309

29 CFR 1926.1423 - Fall protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fall protection. 1926.1423 Section 1926...Derricks in Construction § 1926.1423 Fall protection. (a) Application...Guardrails, railings and other permanent fall protection attachments along walkways...

2011-07-01

310

Falls Among Older Adults: An Overview  

MedlinePLUS

... Fractures among Older Adults Falls in Nursing Homes Data & Statistics Cost of Fall Injuries Publications & Resources Preventing Falls: What Works. A CDC Compendium of Effective Community–based Interventions ...

311

Ecosystem scale acoustic sensing reveals humpback whale behavior synchronous with herring spawning processes and re-evaluation finds no effect of sonar on humpback song occurrence in the Gulf of Maine in fall 2006.  

PubMed

We show that humpback-whale vocalization behavior is synchronous with peak annual Atlantic herring spawning processes in the Gulf of Maine. With a passive, wide-aperture, densely-sampled, coherent hydrophone array towed north of Georges Bank in a Fall 2006 Ocean Acoustic Waveguide Remote Sensing (OAWRS) experiment, vocalizing whales could be instantaneously detected and localized over most of the Gulf of Maine ecosystem in a roughly 400-km diameter area by introducing array gain, of 18 dB, orders of magnitude higher than previously available in acoustic whale sensing. With humpback-whale vocalizations consistently recorded at roughly 2000/day, we show that vocalizing humpbacks (i) were overwhelmingly distributed along the northern flank of Georges Bank, coinciding with the peak spawning time and location of Atlantic herring, and (ii) their overall vocalization behavior was strongly diurnal, synchronous with the formation of large nocturnal herring shoals, with a call rate roughly ten-times higher at night than during the day. Humpback-whale vocalizations were comprised of (1) highly diurnal non-song calls, suited to hunting and feeding behavior, and (2) songs, which had constant occurrence rate over a diurnal cycle, invariant to diurnal herring shoaling. Before and during OAWRS survey transmissions: (a) no vocalizing whales were found at Stellwagen Bank, which had negligible herring populations, and (b) a constant humpback-whale song occurrence rate indicates the transmissions had no effect on humpback song. These measurements contradict the conclusions of Risch et al. Our analysis indicates that (a) the song occurrence variation reported in Risch et al. is consistent with natural causes other than sonar, (b) the reducing change in song reported in Risch et al. occurred days before the sonar survey began, and (c) the Risch et al. method lacks the statistical significance to draw the conclusions of Risch et al. because it has a 98-100% false-positive rate and lacks any true-positive confirmation. PMID:25289938

Gong, Zheng; Jain, Ankita D; Tran, Duong; Yi, Dong Hoon; Wu, Fan; Zorn, Alexander; Ratilal, Purnima; Makris, Nicholas C

2014-01-01

312

Ecosystem Scale Acoustic Sensing Reveals Humpback Whale Behavior Synchronous with Herring Spawning Processes and Re-Evaluation Finds No Effect of Sonar on Humpback Song Occurrence in the Gulf of Maine in Fall 2006  

PubMed Central

We show that humpback-whale vocalization behavior is synchronous with peak annual Atlantic herring spawning processes in the Gulf of Maine. With a passive, wide-aperture, densely-sampled, coherent hydrophone array towed north of Georges Bank in a Fall 2006 Ocean Acoustic Waveguide Remote Sensing (OAWRS) experiment, vocalizing whales could be instantaneously detected and localized over most of the Gulf of Maine ecosystem in a roughly 400-km diameter area by introducing array gain, of 18 dB, orders of magnitude higher than previously available in acoustic whale sensing. With humpback-whale vocalizations consistently recorded at roughly 2000/day, we show that vocalizing humpbacks (i) were overwhelmingly distributed along the northern flank of Georges Bank, coinciding with the peak spawning time and location of Atlantic herring, and (ii) their overall vocalization behavior was strongly diurnal, synchronous with the formation of large nocturnal herring shoals, with a call rate roughly ten-times higher at night than during the day. Humpback-whale vocalizations were comprised of (1) highly diurnal non-song calls, suited to hunting and feeding behavior, and (2) songs, which had constant occurrence rate over a diurnal cycle, invariant to diurnal herring shoaling. Before and during OAWRS survey transmissions: (a) no vocalizing whales were found at Stellwagen Bank, which had negligible herring populations, and (b) a constant humpback-whale song occurrence rate indicates the transmissions had no effect on humpback song. These measurements contradict the conclusions of Risch et al. Our analysis indicates that (a) the song occurrence variation reported in Risch et al. is consistent with natural causes other than sonar, (b) the reducing change in song reported in Risch et al. occurred days before the sonar survey began, and (c) the Risch et al. method lacks the statistical significance to draw the conclusions of Risch et al. because it has a 98–100% false-positive rate and lacks any true-positive confirmation. PMID:25289938

Gong, Zheng; Jain, Ankita D.; Tran, Duong; Yi, Dong Hoon; Wu, Fan; Zorn, Alexander; Ratilal, Purnima; Makris, Nicholas C.

2014-01-01

313

Fear of falling and postural control in Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between fear of falling (FOF) and qualitative and quantitative postural con- trol in Parkinson's disease (PD). Fifty-eight nondemented PD patients were studied along with age-matched healthy controls. The degree of FOF was estimated using the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale. Qualitative postural control was evaluated using a component of the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale. Postural

Allan L. Adkin; James S. Frank; Mandar S. Jog

2003-01-01

314

Fibromyalgia is Associated with Impaired Balance and Falls  

PubMed Central

Background/Objective The purpose of this study was to determine whether FM patients differ from matched healthy controls in clinical tests of balance ability and fall frequency. Methods 34 FM patients and 32 age matched controls were administered the Balance Evaluation-Systems Test (BESTest), rated their balance confidence with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and reported the number of falls in the last 6 months. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used to assess FM severity. Results FM patients had significantly impaired balance in all components of the BESTest compared to controls. They also scored more poorly on balance confidence. Overall fibromyalgia severity (FIQ) correlated significantly with the BESTest, and the ABC scale. The BESTest and ABC correlated significantly with 6 commonly reported FM symptoms (excluding pain). FM patients reported a total of 37 falls over the last six-months compared to 6 falls in healthy controls. Conclusion Fibromyalgia is associated with balance problems and increased fall frequency. Patients were aware of their balance problems. These results suggest that FM may affect peripheral and/or central mechanisms of postural control. Further objective study is needed to identify the relative contributions of neural and musculoskeletal impairments to postural stability in FM, thus providing clinicians with exercise prescriptions that maximize postural stability. PMID:19125137

Jones, Kim D.; Horak, Fay B.; Winters, Kerri Stone; Morea, Jessica M.; Bennett, Robert M.

2010-01-01

315

Emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy: a study of Turkish EFL pre-service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy’s Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On’s Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL pre-service teachers felt more efficacious in managing the class rather than in making the class

Zeynep Koço?lu

2011-01-01

316

Post Falls Dam stabilization  

SciTech Connect

The stability of Washington Water Power`s (WWP) Middle Channel and South Channel Dams at Post Falls, Idaho, were evaluated as required by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and did not meet guideline stability criteria under Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) loading. This paper describes the stability analysis, stabilization design, design parameters, construction of the anchors, and compares the design and as-built conditions. Value engineering was used to select the optimal stabilization measure. Constructibility, cost, and schedule were major considerations. The value engineering study evaluated 41 potential stabilization alternatives, selected post tensioning, and used scheduling criteria to optimize the design. Access considerations required the installation of five 47 strand, 7400 kN (1645{sup k}) anchors in the Middle Dam, and installation of six anchors with different capacities anchors in the South Channel Dam. The Washington Water Power - Black & Veatch team used value engineering, contractor prequalification, resident engineering services provided by the engineer, and strong construction support provided by the Owner to successfully complete the project on a very tight schedule.

Gorny, R.H. [Black & Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States); Gibson, J.Z. [Washington Water Power, Spokane, WA (United States)

1995-12-31

317

The Effect of an Individualized Fall Prevention Program on Fall Risk and Falls in Older People: A Randomized, Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether an individualized falls prevention program comprising exercise, visual, and counseling interventions can reduce physiological falls risk and falls in older people. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial of 12 months' du- ration. SETTING: Falls Clinic, Royal North Shore Hospital, Syd- ney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty people aged 75 and older recruited from a health insurance company member-

Stephen R. Lord; Anne Tiedemann; Kirsten Chapman; Bridget Munro; Susan M. Murray; M Gerontology; Catherine Sherrington

2005-01-01

318

Improvement in gastrointestinal tolerability of the selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, meloxicam, compared with piroxicam: results of the Safety and Efficacy Large-scale Evaluation of COX inhibiting Therapies (SELECT) trial in osteoarthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Select is a large-scale, prospective, international, multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, parallel-group trial. Patients with exacerbation of osteoarthritis were treated with the recommended dose of meloxicam (7.5 mg) or piroxicam (20 mg) once daily for 28 days; 4320 patients were administered meloxicam and 4336 piroxicam. The incidence of adverse events was significantly lower in the meloxicam group (22.5%) compared with

J. DEQUEKER; C. HAWKEY; A. KAHAN; K. STEINBRUCK; C. ALEGRE; E. BAUMELOU; B. BEGAUD; H. ISOMAKI; G. LITTLEJOHN; J. MAU; S. PAPAZOGLOU

1998-01-01

319

Fall 2012 Phonetics and Phonology  

E-print Network

80282 Fall 2012 Phonetics and Phonology Course goals: This course of the phonetic descriptions of sounds and phonemic patterns in languages. Students will learn to make phonetic transcriptions of raw data from unfamiliar

Spirtes, Peter

320

UAA Leadership Honors Fall 2013  

E-print Network

1 UAA Leadership Honors Fall 2013 Purpose UAA Leadership their leadership contributions to the University of Alaska Anchorage while maintaining academic excellence. Leadership activities and involvement must promote individual

Pantaleone, Jim

321

UAA Leadership Honors Fall 2014  

E-print Network

UAA Leadership Honors Fall 2014 Purpose UAA Leadership Honors are awarded to individuals upon graduation to recognize and honor their leadership. Leadership activities and involvement must promote individual and collective growth

Pantaleone, Jim

322

Magnet Falling Through Ring Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Magnet Falling Through Ring model shows the dynamics and the induced current when a magnet falls through a conducting ring. The current in the ring is computed by electromagnetic induction using to Faradayâs law and the induced emf is proportional to the negative of the rate of change of magnetic flux ?. The direction of the induced current is determined by Lenzâs law, the induced current produces magnetic field which tends to oppose the change in magnetic flux that induces such currents. The Magnet Falling Through Ring model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_mosem2_em_MagnetFallingThroughRing.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Franciscouembre

2010-09-03

323

What Are Ways to Prevent Falls and Related Fractures?  

MedlinePLUS

... Falls and Fractures What Are Ways to Prevent Falls and Related Fractures? Fast Facts: An Easy-to- ... in: PDF (122 KB) Español Related Resources Preventing Falls and Fractures Osteoporosis and Falls Osteoporosis and Falls ( ...

324

Safety and efficacy of physical restraints for the elderly. Review of the evidence.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To critically review evidence on the safety and efficacy of physical restraints for the elderly and to provide family physicians with guidelines for rational use of restraints. DATA SOURCES: Articles cited on MEDLINE (from 1989 to November 1994) and Cinahl (from 1982 to 1994) under the MeSH heading "physical restraints." STUDY SELECTION: Articles that specifically dealt with the safety and efficacy of restraints and current patterns of use, including prevalence, risk factors, and indications, were selected. Eight original research articles were identified and critically appraised. DATA EXTRACTION: Data extracted concerned the negative sequelae of restraints and the association between restraint use and fall and injury rates. General data about current patterns of restraint use were related to safety and efficacy findings. DATA SYNTHESIS: No randomized, controlled trials of physical restraint use were found in the literature. A variety of study design, including retrospective chart review, prospective cohort studies, and case reports, found little evidence that restraints prevent injury. Some evidence suggested that restraints might increase risk of falls and injury. Restraint-reduction programs have not been shown to increase fall or injury rates. Numerous case reports document injuries or deaths resulting from restraint use or misuse. CONCLUSIONS: Although current evidence does not support the belief that restraints prevent falls and injuries and questions their safety, further prospective and controlled studies are needed to clarify these issues. Information from review and research articles was synthesized in this paper to produce guidelines for the safe and rational use of restraints. PMID:8969858

Frank, C.; Hodgetts, G.; Puxty, J.

1996-01-01

325

Hypnotic efficacy of temazepam  

PubMed Central

1 Temazepam was evaluated in a strictly defined insomniac patient population under sleep laboratory conditions. Two protocols were used: a short-term (26-night) and a long-term (54-night) protocol evaluated the efficacy of the drug administered at night at 15 mg (short-term study) and 30 mg (long-term study), respectively. 2 Temazepam seemed to be both safe and effective at doses of 15 and 30 mg with up to 5 weeks of ingestion. 3 Suppression of slow wave sleep was observed at the high dose, but no suppression of REM sleep, found in studies with other benzodiazepines, was noted. 4 No evidence was found for development of tolerance or rebound effects. PMID:41543

Mitler, M. M.; Carskadon, Mary A.; Phillips, R. L.; Sterling, W. R.; Zarcone, V. P.; Spiegel, R.; Guilleminault, C.; Dement, W. C.

1979-01-01

326

Outcome Rating Scale and Session Rating Scale in Psychological Practice: Clinical Utility of Ultra-Brief Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The validity and reliability of the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS) and the Session Rating Scale (SRS) were evaluated against existing longer measures, including the Outcome Questionnaire-45, Working Alliance Inventory, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, Quality of Life Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and General Self-efficacy Scale. The measures…

Campbell, Alistair; Hemsley, Samantha

2009-01-01

327

Exploring inclusion preservice training needs: a study of variables associated with attitudes and self?efficacy beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined attitudes towards inclusion and sense of efficacy of 1155 Israeli preservice teachers and variables related to these beliefs. Participants responded to an Options related to inclusion scale, and a Teacher efficacy scale. Findings revealed strong support for the principle of inclusion, yet also support for segregated special education placements. Several concerns regarding inclusion were expressed, which were

Shlomo Romi; Yona Leyser

2006-01-01

328

Falling Onto the Dark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ESO's VLT has helped scientists to discover a large primordial 'blob', more than 10 billion light-years away. The most likely scenario to account for its existence and properties is that it represents the early stage in the formation of a galaxy, when gas falls onto a large clump of dark matter. Over the last few years, astronomers have discovered in the distant Universe a few so-called 'blobs'. These are rather energetic but under-luminous objects, of the size of or much larger than our Milky Way galaxy. Their exact nature is still unclear and several scenarios have been proposed to account for their existence. ESO PR Photo 23/06 ESO PR Photo 23/06 A Rare Blob An international team of astronomers [1] have discovered a new 'blob' located at a distance of 11.6 billion light-years (redshift 3.16). It is thus seen as it was when the Universe was only 2 billion years old, or less than 15% its present age. The newly discovered object is located in the well-studied GOODS South field [2]. The object was discovered using the multi-mode FORS1 instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), in December 2002. The astronomers studied a small part of the GOODS South field in a narrow-band filter centred around 505 nm for more than 8 hours. This special filter allows astronomers to observe emission from hydrogen atoms that are around 11.6 billion light-years away (redshift between 3.126 and 3.174). From December 2004 till February 2005, FORS1 was used again to perform spectroscopy of some of the newly discovered sources, for a total observing time of 6 hours. With a diameter of 200 000 light-years, the blob is twice as big as our Milky Way and the total energy emitted is equivalent to that of about 2 billion suns. Despite this, the object is invisible in the images taken with various telescopes observing from the infrared to the X-ray wavebands, making it a very peculiar object indeed [3]. It is also the only such object found by the astronomers in their survey. "We have tried to explain this blob using the most common explanations, such as the illumination by a galaxy with an active nucleus or a galaxy that produce stars at a frantic rate, but none of them apply," says Kim Nilsson (ESO), first author of the paper relating the result. "Instead, we are led to the conclusion that the observed hydrogen emission comes from primordial gas falling onto a clump of dark matter. We could thus be literally seeing the building up of a massive galaxy, like our own, the Milky Way."

2006-07-01

329

The Nature of the Relationship between Teaching Concerns and Sense of Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between prospective teachers' concerns about their teaching and their beliefs about their sense of efficacy. Three hundred and thirty-nine prospective teachers participated in this study. Two instruments, the "Teaching Concerns Checklist" and the "Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Beliefs Scale", were used to elicit…

Boz, Yezdan; Boz, Nihat

2010-01-01

330

Comparative Analysis of Expectancies of Efficacy in In-Service and Prospective Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the beliefs about effective teaching in student teachers and inservice teachers. We constructed a measurement composed of an adaptation in Spanish of the Gibson and Dembo's (1984. Teacher efficacy: A construct validation. "Journal of Educational Psychology", 76, 569-582). Teacher Efficacy Scale and of the items included in…

de la Torre Cruz, Manuel J.; Casanova Arias, Pedro F.

2007-01-01

331

The Effect of Self-Efficacy and Psychosocial Development on Major-Changing Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we sought to determine whether psychosocial development and self-efficacy of major changers differ from those classified as relatively stable. Participants completed the "Life-Skills Inventory-College" (Picklesimer, 1991) form to measure psychosocial development and the "General Self-efficacy" (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995) scale to…

Cunningham, Karen E.; Smothers, Anthony W.

2010-01-01

332

Measuring the Sources of Self-Efficacy among Secondary School Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the four sources of self-efficacy in music performance and examine responses from the Music Performance Self-Efficacy Scale (MPSES). Participants (N = 290) were middle and high school music students from 10 schools in two regions of the United States. Questions included the following: (1) How much…

Zelenak, Michael S.

2015-01-01

333

Tobacco Control Policy Advocacy Attitudes and Self-Efficacy among Ethnically Diverse High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applied self-efficacy theory to assess empowerment to advocate on behalf of tobacco control policies. The Youth Tobacco Survey with added policy advocacy self-efficacy, attitudes, and outcome expectations scales was given to 9,177 high school students in Texas. Asians showed the lowest prevalence of experimentation and current smoking,…

Ramirez, Amelie G.; Velez, Luis F.; Chalela, Patricia; Grussendorf, Jeannie; McAlister, Alfred L.

2006-01-01

334

Can ICT usage make a difference on student teachers' information literacy self-efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at whether the information literacy self-efficacy of student teachers in departments of primary education in Turkish universities varies according to their Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) usage level, duration of ICT experience, gender, and grade. The survey was conducted with 1702 student teachers using the Information Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale. Results showed that student teachers' level and duration

Yasemin Kocak Usluel

2007-01-01

335

The Relationship between General Self-Efficacy Belief and Burnout Level among Turkish Academicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine the relation between burnout level and general self-efficacy beliefs of academicians working in School of Physical Education and Sport. 178 Academicians working at various universities in Turkey participated in this study. The General Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Schwarzer and Jerusalem (1995), adapted to…

Sevindi, Tarik

2013-01-01

336

Relationship between Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Their Willingness to Implement Curriculum Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships between classroom teachers' self-efficacy and their willingness to implement curriculum reform. The sample of this study included 255 classroom teachers. The data in this study were collected using the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and the Teachers' Willingness to…

Cerit, Yusuf

2013-01-01

337

School Psychologists' Sense of Self-Efficacy for Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Consultation Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES) was developed and validated to assess school psychologists' perceptions of self-efficacy for engaging in school-based consultation. A pilot study with graduate students (N = 92) indicated high internal consistency (a = 0.99) and provided evidence of discriminant validity, as a group with more…

Guiney, Meaghan C.; Harris, Abigail; Zusho, Akane; Cancelli, Anthony

2014-01-01

338

Item Response Modeling: An Evaluation of the Children's Fruit and Vegetable Self-Efficacy Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceived self-efficacy (SE) for eating fruit and vegetables (FV) is a key variable mediating FV change in interventions. This study applies item response modeling (IRM) to a fruit, juice and vegetable self-efficacy questionnaire (FVSEQ) previously validated with classical test theory (CTT) procedures. The 24-item (five-point Likert scale) FVSEQ…

Watson, Kathy; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe

2006-01-01

339

Determination of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of High School Students towards Math Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the high school students' self-efficacy beliefs about math literacy, and examine this beliefs in terms of some variables. The research was conducted on 712 high school students. A questionnaire and Math Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale were used for data collection. The data were analyzed in terms of t-test,…

Ozgen, Kemal; Bindaka, Recep

2011-01-01

340

Changes in Self-Efficacy of Prospective Special and General Education Teachers: Implication for Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of three variables on the self-efficacy of 992 general and special education preservice teachers was examined. These variables were years of preservice education, experience with children with special educational needs, and training in inclusion or exceptional education. All participants responded to a teacher self-efficacy scale that…

Leyser, Yona; Zeiger, Tali; Romi, Shlomo

2011-01-01

341

Teacher Efficacy among KPLI Pre-Service Teachers in MPPM Before and After Completion of Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research measures the pre and post teacher efficacy of pre-service teachers. The treatment in this study was the one year KPLI teacher training course. KPLI trainees (pre-service teachers) were given the 22 - item Teacher Efficacy Scale by Gibson and Dembo (1984) during the orientation week and later after completion of their training. This is considered important as Mortin

Narendra Kumar

342

Instructional Leadership Influence on Collective Teacher Efficacy to Improve School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine whether instructional leadership functions, as defined in Hallinger's Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale, positively influence collective teacher efficacy to improve school achievement. Teachers from sample schools provided data for measures of collective teacher efficacy and instructional leadership, while school report cards provided data for measures of socioeconomic status and school achievement. The

Samuel F. Fancera; James R. Bliss

2011-01-01

343

Pre-Service Mathematics Teacher Efficacy: Its Nature and Relationship to Teacher Concerns and Orientation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a mixed method study, teacher efficacy and contributing theoretical constructs of teacher concerns and teacher orientation with Intermediate/Senior mathematics preservice teachers from two Ontario Faculties of Education are examined. Data sources include a web-based questionnaire containing two teacher efficacy scales and short answer…

Pyper, Jamie Scott

2014-01-01

344

Perceived Need, Teacher Efficacy, and Teaching Strategies for the Gifted and Talented  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated relationships among perceived need, teacher efficacy, and use of ten teaching strategies recommended for the gifted. It also examined differences between expert and novice teachers of the gifted by comparing patterns of need, efficacy, and use in 318 preservice teachers, classroom teachers, and teachers of the gifted. Data were gathered using a seven point Likert-scale questionnaire. Correlations

Alane J. Starko; Gina D. Schack

1989-01-01

345

Possible Effects of Professional Development on Turkish Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a professional development (PD) program on teacher self-efficacy and classroom practice. Thirty-eight in-service teachers from a foundation school in Izmir participated in this study. Multiple sets of data for this study came from the Turkish teachers' sense of efficacy scale, classroom…

Bumen, Nilay T.

2009-01-01

346

Implementing Cooperative Learning, Teacher Collaboration and Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy in Heterogeneous Junior High Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four scales were employed to assess the effects on teachers’ sense of efficacy of a year-long inservice teacher training program on cooperative learning methods. One hundred twenty-one teachers from nine junior high schools in one town in Israel responded to the teacher efficacy questionnaire, as well as to a questionnaire assessing the extent to which teachers collaborated with one another.

Hanna Shachar; Haddas Shmuelevitz

1997-01-01

347

Changes in Self-efficacy of Prospective Special and General Education Teachers: Implication for inclusive education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of three variables on the self-efficacy of 992 general and special education preservice teachers was examined. These variables were years of preservice education, experience with children with special educational needs, and training in inclusion or exceptional education. All participants responded to a teacher self-efficacy scale that measured four factors. Findings revealed a main effect for years of preservice

Yona Leyser; Tali Zeiger; Shlomo Romi

2011-01-01

348

Teacher Efficacy: A Comparative Study of Hong Kong and Shanghai Primary In-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers beliefs about their ability to affect students' performance is an important part of professionalism. This study compared 725 Hong Kong and 575 Shanghai primary in-service teachers on their teacher efficacy. Two Chinese versions of the 12-item Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale were used in this study since some wordings of the Hong Kong…

Cheung, Hoi Yan

2008-01-01

349

Preservice Teachers' Teacher Efficacy Beliefs and Constructivist-Based Teaching Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between preservice teachers' (PTs) teacher efficacy beliefs and their constructivist-based teaching practices. Data were gathered through the questionnaire (Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale) and the observation protocol (Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol) administered to the…

Temiz, Tugba; Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2013-01-01

350

The Perception of Educational Software Development Self-Efficacy among Undergraduate CEIT Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to analyze self-efficacy perceptions for education software development of teacher candidates studying at Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technologies, with respect to a range of variables. The Educational Software Development Self-Efficacy Perception Scale was used as data collection tool. Sixty…

Uzun, Adem; Ozkilic, Ruchan; Senturk, Aysan

2013-01-01

351

Egypt's falling IMR.  

PubMed

In Egypt, the infant mortality rate (IMR) has been reduced from 120/1000 live births in 1979 to 55/1000 births in 1988. This is one of the fastest declines of a country's IMR on record. A government commitment to increase per capita GNP and to meet the health and welfare needs of the people contributed to decline in the IMR. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Egyptian government executed a land reform program while it also assisted farmers with advice and extension services. These events greatly increased crop production which in turn led to an improvement in the people's quality of life. Other factors that helped the IMR to decrease were not planned. For example, employment opportunities expanded throughout the Middle East. Egyptians who took these jobs sent money back to their villages, therefore adding to the village's resources. As a result of this departure of manpower, real agricultural wages for the landless increased substantially. In addition, the highly motivated farmers increased production which caused an increase in jobs and demand for work. The US also played a significant role in the fall of the IMR. US aid concentrated on programs that would reduce the incidence of many infectious diseases that mostly strike infants and children 5 years old. Examples include immunization programs, village sanitation and safe water and drainage projects, and an oral rehydration project. The aforementioned examples of the Egyptian government and people's total commitment to the development of their economy and the improvement in the standard of living all contributed to the rapid decline of the IMR. PMID:12282155

1988-08-31

352

Spring or Fall Fumigation for Control of Meloidogyne spp. on Tobacco  

PubMed Central

Tests were conducted in 1987-88 to compare the efficacy of spring or fall fumigant nematicide applications for control ofMeloidogyne arenaria and M. incognita on tobacco. Chloropicrin, 1,3-D, methyl isothiocyanate, and a methyl isothiocyanate-l,3-D mixture were applied as row treatments. Fenamiphos, fenamiphos + fensulfothion, or ethoprop were applied in the spring as nonfumigant nematicide standards. Fumigant nematicides increased yields and reduced galling (P = 0.01) in all four tests. Spring or fall applications of fumigant nematicides were effective in controlling M. arenaria and M. incognita and were superior to the nonfumigant nematicides tested. PMID:19287773

Fortnum, B. A.; Gooden, D. T.; Currin, R. E.; Martin, S. B.

1990-01-01

353

Exploratory analysis of pre-service teacher efficacy in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven hundred fourteen early childhood and elementary pre-service teachers at the beginning and ending points of their teacher education programs in Taiwan completed a revised version of the Gibson and Dembo teacher efficacy scale. Descriptive statistics, the general linear model, and factor analyses were used to explore the differences in responses between the beginning, ending, early childhood, and elementary groups.

Huey-Ling Lin; Jeffrey Gorrell

2001-01-01

354

Analysis of rock-fall and rock-fall avalanche seismograms in the French Alps  

E-print Network

1 Analysis of rock-fall and rock-fall avalanche seismograms in the French Alps J. Deparis, D reviews seismograms from 10 rock-fall events recorded between 1992 and 2001 by the permanent seismological and classify ground-motion vibrations generated by these Alpine rock-falls. Each rock-fall has also been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Fall 2013-Timeline Dates-Coop & Internships important dates to remember Fall 2013-Key Academic dates  

E-print Network

Fall 2013-Timeline Dates-Coop & Internships important dates to remember Fall 2013- Key Academic advisors will begin meeting with students who are applying for New Fall 2013 Co-op and Internships August12 19, 2013 Fall classes begin August 19, 2013 Earliest date to start Fall 2013 Co-ops and Internships

356

Randomised controlled trial of prevention of falls in people aged >=75 with severe visual impairment: the VIP trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To assess the efficacy and cost effectiveness of a home safety programme and a home exercise programme to reduce falls and injuries in older people with low vision. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Dunedin and Auckland, New Zealand. Participants 391 women and men aged ? 75 with visual acuity of 6\\/24 or worse who were living in the community;

A John Campbell; M Clare Robertson; Steven J La Grow; Ngaire M Kerse; Gordon F Sanderson; Robert J Jacobs; Dianne M Sharp; Leigh A Hale

2005-01-01

357

Teacher self-efficacy and perceived autonomy: relations with teacher engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion.  

PubMed

When studied separately, research shows that both teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are associated with adaptive motivational and emotional outcomes. This study tested whether teacher self-efficacy and teacher autonomy are independently associated with engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. 2,569 Norwegian teachers in elementary school and middle school (719 men, 1,850 women; M age = 45.0 yr., SD = 11.5) were administered the Norwegian Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale, the Teacher Autonomy Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Teacher Job Satisfaction Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The analysis revealed that both teacher autonomy and self-efficacy were independent predictors of engagement, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. This study suggests that autonomy or decision latitude works positively but through different processes for teachers with high and low mastery expectations. PMID:24765710

Skaalvik, Einar M; Skaalvik, Sidsel

2014-02-01

358

Safe Fall: Humanoid robot fall direction change through intelligent stepping and inertia shaping  

E-print Network

Although fall is a rare event in the life of a humanoid robot, we must be prepared for it because its consequences are serious. In this paper we present a fall strategy which rapidly modifies the robot's fall direction in ...

Yun, Seung-kook

359

Validating a Measure of Self-Efficacy for Life Tasks in Male OEF\\/OIF Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a scale to assess perceived self-efficacy to complete culturally and age-appropriate life tasks (Self-Efficacy for Life Tasks, or SELT) among male veterans of Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom; OEF) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom; OIF). The SELT scale was developed for this population in a multistage process that included: 1) semistructured interviews

Erin P. Finley; Mary Jo Pugh; Polly H. Noel; Peter J. Brown

2012-01-01

360

Teacher efficacy: A comparative study of Hong Kong and Shanghai Primary in-service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers beliefs about their ability to affect students’ performance is an important part of professionalism. This study compared\\u000a 725 Hong Kong and 575 Shanghai primary in-service teachers on their teacher efficacy. Two Chinese versions of the 12-item\\u000a Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale were used in this study since some wordings of the Hong Kong version of the Scale (HK-TSE)\\u000a were

Hoi Yan Cheung

2008-01-01

361

Preservice teachers’ culturally responsive teaching self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided by the theoretical and empirical research on self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs, and the Culturally Responsive Teaching Competencies [Siwatu, K.O. (2006a). The development of the culturally responsive teaching competencies: Implications for teacher education. Manuscript under review], two measures—the Culturally Responsive Teaching Self-Efficacy Scale (CRTSE) and the Culturally Responsive Teaching Outcome Expectancy (CRTOE) Scale—were developed and administered to a sample

Kamau Oginga Siwatu

2007-01-01

362

Assessing the impact of vicarious experiences on preservice elementary science teacher efficacy and preservice elementary teacher efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of vicarious experiences (preservice teacher field experiences) on perceived preservice science teacher efficacy and perceived preservice teacher efficacy. The participants for the study were 46 preservice elementary education students who were enrolled in CIED 3430 (Early Lab and Clinical Experience in Elementary Education II) at a large Midwestern state university and 20 classroom inservice teachers. A pretest was administered early in the spring 2007 semester, before the preservice teachers did their field experience and consisted of demographic questions and the STEBI-B. A posttest was administered at the end of the spring 2007 semester, after the preservice teachers had completed their field experiences, and consisted of demographic questions, a rating of the teachers they observed during their educational field experience, the STEBI-B and the TES. The field experience classroom inservice teachers provided personal, professional, and classroom data in the middle of the spring 2007 semester. All data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Findings and conclusions. Factors of gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and preservice teacher program placement were found to be significant predictors of preservice teachers' efficacy scores. Even though, in some cases, these factors negatively impacted preservice teacher efficacy, preservice teachers should be placed in these environments when support is most available. The Teacher Efficacy Scale (Gibson & Dembo, 1984) is invalid. Even the construct of a general teacher efficacy is questionable.

Wagler, Ronald Robert

363

The prevalence and risk factors of falling and fear of falling among lower extremity amputees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Miller WC, Speechley M, Deathe B. The prevalence of risk factors of falling and fear of falling among lower extremity amputees. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:1031-7. Objective: To estimate the falling experience and fear of falling status and to describe characteristics associated with falling and fear of falling. Design: Population-based consecutive sample survey and chart review. Setting: Two Canadian, regional,

William C. Miller; Mark Speechley; Barry Deathe

2001-01-01

364

Measuring hospital falls prevention safety climate.  

PubMed

Abstract The prevention of falls is a key safety priority for hospitals. There are no tools that examine the safety climate from a falls prevention perspective. The aim of this study was to measure the falls prevention safety climate at an Australian metropolitan hospital. The Victorian Safety Climate Survey (SCS) was used to examine the general safety climate, with four items replicated and modified to examine the falls prevention climate. Data (N = 458) for the six SCS domains compared favourably with statewide data. The falls prevention items were correlated with the original items from which they were derived but responses regarding falls prevention tended to be less positive than patient safety more broadly. Priorities for improvement identified using a falls SCS can inform the development of falls prevention strategies and form the basis of a more comprehensive tool to explore the falls prevention safety climate. PMID:25267124

Bennett, Paul N; Ockerby, Cherene; Stinson, Judy; Willcocks, Karlene; Chalmers, Cheyne

2014-01-01

365

Measuring hospital falls prevention safety climate.  

PubMed

Abstract The prevention of falls is a key safety priority for hospitals. There are no tools that examine the safety climate from a falls prevention perspective. The aim of this study was to measure the falls prevention safety climate at an Australian metropolitan hospital. The Victorian Safety Climate Survey (SCS) was used to examine the general safety climate, with four items replicated and modified to examine the falls prevention climate. Data (n = 458) for the six SCS domains compared favourably with statewide data. The falls prevention items were correlated with the original items from which they were derived but responses regarding falls prevention tended to be less positive than patient safety more broadly. Priorities for improvement identified using a falls safety climate survey can inform the development of falls prevention strategies and form the basis of a more comprehensive tool to explore the falls prevention safety climate. PMID:24483127

Bennett, Paul N; Ockerby, Cherene; Stinson, Judy; Willcocks, Karlene; Chalmers, Cheyne

2014-02-01

366

Efficacy of a local-drug delivery gel containing extracts of Quercus brantii and Coriandrum sativum as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in moderate chronic periodontitis patients  

PubMed Central

Objective: Recent advances in the field of alternative medicine introduced various herbal products for the treatment of periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of combined extracts from Quercus brantii and Coriandrum sativum on periodontal indices in adult periodontitis patients. Methods: In this randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, performed in Isfahan Dental School in 2012, a new herbal medicament containing combined extracts from Q. brantii and C. sativum was formulated in the gel form for subgingival application. Following scaling and root planing (SRP), both herbal and placebo gels were delivered at the experimental and control sites, respectively. Periodontal pocket depth, clinical attachment level, papilla bleeding index, and plaque index were measured at baseline, 1 month and 3 months later. Both intra-and inter-groups changes were registered. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS software, using repeated measure analysis of variance, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, and Wilcoxon tests. Differences with P < 0.05 were considered to be significant. Findings: Both groups indicated statistically significant improvements in the periodontal indices (P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences between two study groups with this regard. Conclusion: The herbal gel does not have considerable advantages over SRP alone as an adjunct in periodontal treatment. PMID:25114940

Yaghini, Jaber; Shahabooei, Mohammad; Aslani, Abolfazl; Zadeh, Mozhgan Reza; Kiani, Sima; Naghsh, Narges

2014-01-01

367

[Accidental falls in the elderly].  

PubMed

Falls in the elderly are common with consecutive high mortality and morbidity. Recent consecutive data focus on identification and therapy of intrinsic risk factors. Sarcopenia, imbalance and gait disorders represent the major risk factors. Sarcopenia is caused by a disequilibrium of protein synthesis and breakdown, probably in consequence of age-related changes in protein metabolism. Protein supplements in combination with strength training shows the best benefit. Disorders in balance and gait are caused by age-related or pathologic changes in a complex regulation system of gait. The individual fall risk correlates with the gait variability and even increases with bad dual task performance. Activities with high requirements of attention and body awareness are the most effective prevention for falls in the elderly (-50%). PMID:24938159

Heinimann, Niklas B; Kressig, Reto W

2014-06-18

368

Free Fall Air Resistance Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Free Fall Air Resistance model allows the user to examine the motion of an object in free fall, and motion under the effect of air resistance. This is simply one-dimensional motion (vertical motion) under the influence of gravity. The blue ball moves under the influence of gravity alone. The red ball moves under the influence of gravity and air resistance - the strength of the air resistance parameter can be adjusted. The Free Fall Air Resistance model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_bu_freefall_airresistance.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Duffy, Andrew

2010-04-28

369

Cluster randomised trial of a targeted multifactorial intervention to prevent falls among older people in hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine the efficacy of a targeted multifactorial falls prevention programme in elderly care wards with relatively short lengths of stay.Design Cluster randomised trial.Setting 24 elderly care wards in 12 hospitals in Sydney, Australia.Participants 3999 patients, mean age 79 years, with a median hospital stay of seven days.Interventions A nurse and physiotherapist each worked for 25 hours a week

Robert G Cumming; Catherine Sherrington; Stephen R Lord; Judy M Simpson; Constance Vogler; Ian D Cameron; Vasi Naganathan

2008-01-01

370

Obesity and hormonal contraceptive efficacy.  

PubMed

Obesity is a major public health concern affecting an increasing proportion of reproductive-aged women. Avoiding unintended pregnancy is of major importance, given the increased risks associated with pregnancy, but obesity may affect the efficacy of hormonal contraceptives by altering how these drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized or eliminated. Limited data suggest that long-acting, reversible contraceptives maintain excellent efficacy in obese women. Some studies demonstrating altered pharmacokinetic parameters and increased failure rates with combined oral contraceptives, the contraceptive patch and emergency contraceptive pills suggest decreased efficacy of these methods. It is unclear whether bariatric surgery affects hormonal contraceptive efficacy. Obese women should be offered the full range of contraceptive options, with counseling that balances the risks and benefits of each method, including the risk of unintended pregnancy. PMID:24007251

Robinson, Jennifer A; Burke, Anne E

2013-09-01

371

Free-Fall Bottles & Tubes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physics activity, learners conduct two experiments to explore free-falling. In the first experiment, water-filled plastic bottles with holes in them spurt water under normal conditions, but don't leak while in free-fall. In the second experiment, a ping-pong ball in a water-filled plastic tube floats upward under normal conditions, but remains motionless when the tube is dropped or thrown. Educators can use pre-assembled materials for group demonstration purposes. Note: this activity will get the floor wet, so consider doing this outside.

Don Rathjen

2011-08-20

372

The Relationship Between Imagery Type and Collective Efficacy in Elite and Non Elite Athletes  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the relationship between imagery function and individual perceptions of collective efficacy as a function of skill level. Elite (n = 70) and non elite (n = 71) athletes from a number of interactive team sports completed the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ) and the Collective Efficacy Inventory (CEI). Multiple hierarchical regression analysis was then used to examine which SIQ sub-scales predicted individual perceptions of collective efficacy. For the elite sample, Motivational General-Mastery (MG-M) imagery accounted for approximately 17% of the variance in collective efficacy scores. No significant predictions were observed in the non elite sample. The findings suggest MG-M imagery as a potential technique to improve levels of collective efficacy although competitive level may moderate the effectiveness of such interventions. Key pointsAs imagery is an individual intervention, an examination of individual perceptions of collective efficacy was most appropriate.Elite athletes who use more MG-M imagery also have higher individual perceptions of collective efficacy.For non-elite athletes, none of the imagery functions tested predicted individual perceptions of collective efficacy.Performance accomplishments provided by MG-M imagery may increase individual perceptions of collective efficacy.Future research should investigate further the effects of imagery intervention programmes on collective efficacy beliefs. PMID:24149327

Shearer, David A.; Thomson, Rob; Mellalieu, Stephen D.; Shearer, Catherine R

2007-01-01

373

Development of a Survey to Measure Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Web-Based Professional Development among Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this study was to develop a survey to measure elementary school teachers' self-efficacy for web-based professional development. Based on interviews with eight elementary school teachers, three scales of web-based professional development self-efficacy (WPDSE) were formed, namely, general self-efficacy (measuring…

Kao, Chia-Pin; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Shih, Meilun

2014-01-01

374

Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1996  

NSF Publications Database

... Fall 1996 Hypertext Format Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall ... and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1996 This report is available in hypertext ...

375

Neurological gait abnormalities and risk of falls in older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

To estimate the validity of neurological gait evaluations in predicting falls in older adults. We studied 632 adults age 70\\u000a and over (mean age 80.6 years, 62% women) enrolled in the Einstein Aging Study whose walking patterns were evaluated by study\\u000a clinicians using a clinical gait rating scale. Association of neurological gaits and six subtypes (hemiparetic, frontal, Parkinsonian,\\u000a unsteady, neuropathic, and

Joe Verghese; Anne F. Ambrose; Richard B. Lipton; Cuiling Wang

2010-01-01

376

Proximate sources of collective teacher efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Recent scholarship has augmented Bandura's theory underlying efficacy formation by pointing to more proximate sources of efficacy information involved in forming collective teacher efficacy. These proximate sources of efficacy information theoretically shape a teacher's perception of the teaching context, operationalizing the difficulty of the teaching task that faces the school and the faculty's collective competence to be successful

Curt M. Adams; Patrick B. Forsyth

2006-01-01

377

Propofol-Induced Sleep: Efficacy and Safety in Patients with Refractory Chronic Primary Insomnia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insomnia, defined as difficulty in falling asleep and\\/or staying asleep, short sleep duration, or poor quality sleep, is a\\u000a common sleep disorder affecting 30–40% of adult population. We have conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled\\u000a study to test if anesthesia is therapeutically beneficial in patients with refractory chronic primary insomnia. We have assessed\\u000a the efficacy and safety of propofol-induced sleep in

Zhiqiang XuXiaojiang; Xiaojiang Jiang; Wei Li; Dong Gao; Xunjun Li; Juan Liu

2011-01-01

378

Daytona Beach Fall 2012 Dates  

E-print Network

Highlights Daytona Beach Fall 2012 Dates Birthdays Manners TheELIWeekly Daytona Beach Fun in the sun! Join us for a day of surf, sun, and sand at Daytona Beach. We will be going to the beach Garage at 10:00 am. Our return time will depend on how long we want to spend at the beach. We will return

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

379

Student Characteristics Report, Fall 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a continuing survey of student characteristics at the Metropolitan Community Colleges, this report presents data from 14,918 regular credit enrollment students for fall 1977 and compares them to data from 1972. For the first time in the district's history, the majority of students (54%) were female, a shift that has only occurred in the…

Metropolitan Community Colleges of Kansas City, MO. Div. of Planning and Development.

380

Anthropolog Fall 2009/Winter 2010  

E-print Network

page 1 Anthropolog Fall 2009/Winter 2010 Newsletter of The Department of Anthropology National was marked by awards given to several of our colleagues. The Department of Anthropology was recognized.After two years of forensic examination and exhaustive genealogical research, the team, with the assistance

Mathis, Wayne N.

381

CONCENTRATION LEVEL I (FALL SEMESTER)  

E-print Network

HISTORY CLASSICAL-RENAISSANCE ART HISTORY POST-RENAISSANCE ART HISTORY NON-WESTERN ART HISTORY 4 x Art Renaissance, and one of which must be post-Renaissance. Further course study in art studio and art historyART STUDIO CONCENTRATION LEVEL I ART STUDIO THESIS (FALL SEMESTER) THESIS (SPRING SEMESTER) ART

Royer, Dana

382

Fall Armyworm in the Southeast  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Two separate experiments testing fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) migration patterns were set up in the southeastern U.S. in 2012. Previous results showed that moths from progeny of overwintering populations from south Texas were found west of the Chattahoochee-Flint-Apalachicola river basin, ...

383

Philosophy Department Fall 2000 Electives  

E-print Network

Philosophy Department Fall 2000 Electives PL 193 01 Chinese Classical Philosophy Francis Soo TTh and Life of Great American Cities; Doxiadis, C.A., Anthropolis: City for Human Development; Sennett and social services delivery system; to explore ethical problems of allocations of limited resources

Huang, Jianyu

384

NOVA Fall 2000 Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide complements six programs that aired on the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) in the fall of 2000. Programs include: (1) "Lincoln's Secret Weapon"; (2) "Hitler's Lost Sub"; (3) "Runaway Universe"; (4) "Garden of Eden"; (5) "Dying to Be Thin"; and (6) "Japan's Secret Garden". It provides activity set-ups related to the programs…

Ransick, Kristina; Rosene, Dale; Sammons, Fran Lyons; Sammons, James

385

2000 Fall Meeting Search Results  

E-print Network

Student Summer Program. DE: 5475 Tectonics (8149) DE: 6225 Mars SC: P MN: Fall Meeting 2000 #12;New Search of Mars, as seen by Viking, are essentially flat and featureless. The causes of their youth and smoothness are still debated. The Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instrument on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS

Withers, Paul

386

75 FR 79921 - Fall 2010 Unified Agenda  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 CFR Ch. III Fall 2010 Unified Agenda AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation...Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is hereby publishing items for the Fall 2010 Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and...

2010-12-20

387

1, 8196, 2006 Fall-experiments and  

E-print Network

Earth Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of eEarth Fall-experiments on Merapi basaltic andesite-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract We have performed fall-experiments with basaltic andesite rock

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Take Steps to Avoid Winter Falls  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Take Steps to Avoid Winter Falls Check the traction of your boots, keep your ... Weather Emergencies SATURDAY, Jan. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Falls are a major cause of injuries during the ...

389

Historical rock falls in Yosemite National Park, California (1857-2011)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Inventories of rock falls and other types of landslides are valuable tools for improving understanding of these events. For example, detailed information on rock falls is critical for identifying mechanisms that trigger rock falls, for quantifying the susceptibility of different cliffs to rock falls, and for developing magnitude-frequency relations. Further, inventories can assist in quantifying the relative hazard and risk posed by these events over both short and long time scales. This report describes and presents the accompanying rock fall inventory database for Yosemite National Park, California. The inventory database documents 925 events spanning the period 1857–2011. Rock falls, rock slides, and other forms of slope movement represent a serious natural hazard in Yosemite National Park. Rock-fall hazard and risk are particularly relevant in Yosemite Valley, where glacially steepened granitic cliffs approach 1 km in height and where the majority of the approximately 4 million yearly visitors to the park congregate. In addition to damaging roads, trails, and other facilities, rock falls and other slope movement events have killed 15 people and injured at least 85 people in the park since the first documented rock fall in 1857. The accompanying report describes each of the organizational categories in the database, including event location, type of slope movement, date, volume, relative size, probable trigger, impact to humans, narrative description, references, and environmental conditions. The inventory database itself is contained in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet (Yosemite_rock_fall_database_1857-2011.xlsx). Narrative descriptions of events are contained in the database, but are also provided in a more readable Adobe portable document format (pdf) file (Yosemite_rock_fall_database_narratives_1857-2011.pdf) available for download separate from the database.

Stock, Greg M.; Collins, Brian D.; Santaniello, David J.; Zimmer, Valerie L.; Wieczorek, Gerald F.; Snyder, James B.

2013-01-01

390

Effect of Stroke on Fall Rate, Location and Predictors: A Prospective Comparison of Older Adults with and without Stroke  

PubMed Central

Background The literature suggests that stroke is a major risk factor for falls, but there is a lack of prospective, controlled studies which quantify fall-risk after stroke. The purpose of this study was to compare the rates, location and predictors among individuals recently discharged home from stroke rehabilitation to age and sex matched controls. Methodology/Principal Findings A sample of 80 people with stroke and 90 controls received baseline assessments of balance, mobility and balance confidence. Falls were recorded prospectively over 13 months for both groups. Group differences in fall rates and contribution of clinical measures to falls were determined using negative binomial regression. Fall location was compared between groups using ?2 statistics. The rate of falls for individuals with stroke was 1.77 times the rate for the control group. People with stroke were more likely to fall at home. Poorer balance (Berg Balance Scale) was associated with greater falls for both stroke and control groups (incidence rate ratio [IRR]: 0.908 and IRR: 0.877 respectively). A faster Timed Up and Go Test was associated with greater falls for the stroke group (IRR: 0.955) while better walking endurance (Six Minute Walk Test) was associated with greater falls for the controls (IRR: 1.004). Balance confidence was not an independent predictor in either group. Conclusions Individuals recently discharged home are at greater risk of falling than individuals without stroke. Attention to home environment is warranted. Balance function can predict falls for both people with stroke and age and sex matched controls. Increased mobility may increase exposure to fall opportunities. PMID:21559367

Simpson, Lisa A.; Miller, William C.; Eng, Janice J.

2011-01-01

391

Falls: Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and relationship to fracture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Falls are common in the elderly, and frequently result in injury and disability. Most falls result from an interaction between\\u000a individual characteristics that increase an individual’s propensity to fall and acute mediating risk factors that provide\\u000a the opportunity to fall. Predisposing risk factors include age-associated changes in strength and balance, comorbidities such\\u000a as osteoarthritis, visual impairment and dementia, psychotropic medications,

Sarah D. Berry; Ram R. Miller

2008-01-01

392

THE EFFECT OF BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS ON SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS OF ENGLISH AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN ONE SELECTED MIDDLE-EAST COUNTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers' sense of efficacy has been shown to influence teachers' actions and student outcomes. This study explored self-efficacy beliefs among English as Foreign Language teachers in the language centres in one selected Middle-East country. Data were collected through a survey administered to 187 teachers. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001) was used to assess efficacy

Farimah Ghasemboland; Fatimah Binti Hashim

2013-01-01

393

BA: Art History Fall--First Year  

E-print Network

BA: Art History Fall--First Year · ART 127 New Major Seminar · ART 222 Caves to Cathedrals · Liberal Studies Program (LSP) coursework Fall--Second Year · ART 101 Art Studio Foundations I · ART 324 Renaissance Art · Liberal Studies Program (LSP) coursework Fall--Third Year · ART 328 Art of Greece & Rome

Gering, Jon C.

394

29 CFR 1917.41 - House falls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false House falls. 1917.41 Section 1917.41 Labor...Gear and Equipment § 1917.41 House falls. (a) Span beams shall be secured...provided for employees working with house fall blocks. (c) Designated...

2010-07-01

395

29 CFR 1926.760 - Fall protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fall protection. 1926.760 Section 1926...CONSTRUCTION Steel Erection § 1926.760 Fall protection. (a) General requirements...above a lower level shall be protected from fall hazards by guardrail systems, safety...

2011-07-01

396

29 CFR 1926.760 - Fall protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fall protection. 1926.760 Section 1926...CONSTRUCTION Steel Erection § 1926.760 Fall protection. (a) General requirements...above a lower level shall be protected from fall hazards by guardrail systems, safety...

2010-07-01

397

29 CFR 1917.41 - House falls.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false House falls. 1917.41 Section 1917.41 Labor...Gear and Equipment § 1917.41 House falls. (a) Span beams shall be secured...provided for employees working with house fall blocks. (c) Designated...

2011-07-01

398

Epidemiology of Falls in Older Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Worldwide, falls among older people are a public health concern because of their frequency and adverse consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality, and quality of life, as well as their impact on health system services and costs. This epidemiological review outlines the public health burden of falls and fall-related injuries and the impact of…

Peel, Nancye May

2011-01-01

399

Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses  

E-print Network

Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses EEOB/AEcl 611 Fall Semester 2005 Scheduled's, including MARK, SAS, DISTANCE, and others. We'll often use the "recitation session" to get you started Cooch and Gary White #12;Population Analysis, Fall 2005 2 2001) that can also be downloaded from Evan

Clark, William R.

400

Fall Quarter Report, 1985. Washington Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fall 1985 data on enrollments, student characteristics, and personnel at Washington's community colleges are provided in this report and contrasted with historical data for fall quarters 1980 through 1984. Report highlights are presented, indicating: (1) in fall 1985, the Washington community college system served 153,460 students, 130,498 of whom…

Washington State Board for Community Coll. Education, Olympia.

401

Washington Community Colleges Fall Quarter Report, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fall 1983 data on enrollments, student characteristics, and personnel at Washington community colleges are provided in this report and contrasted with historical data for fall quarters 1979 through 1982. First, report highlights are presented, indicating: (1) during fall 1983, Washington community colleges enrolled 152,814 students, representing…

Washington State Board for Community Coll. Education, Olympia.

402

32. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL FROM VICINITY OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL FROM VICINITY OF PROPOSED POWER CANAL, LOOKING UPSTREAM. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

403

27. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADGATE WITH CANAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADGATE WITH CANAL BRIDGE IN DISTANCE; LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

404

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

405

23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

406

22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS WITH MILNER DAM IN DISTANCE; LOOKING EAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

407

127. COTTONWOOD CUT AREA, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

127. COTTONWOOD CUT AREA, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; NORTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

408

128. COTTONWOOD CUT, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

128. COTTONWOOD CUT, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; NORTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

409

125. COTTONWOOD CUT AREA, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

125. COTTONWOOD CUT AREA, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; SOUTH VIEW OF CANAL. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

410

30. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL FROM BRIDGE LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL FROM BRIDGE LOOKING WEST DOWNSTREAM. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

411

31. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL BRIDGE FROM DOWNSTREAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL BRIDGE FROM DOWNSTREAM LOOKING UPSTREAM. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

412

29. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL BRIDGE FROM UPSTREAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. VIEW OF TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL BRIDGE FROM UPSTREAM LOOKING DOWNSTREAM. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

413

24. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS, DOWNSTREAM LOOKING TOWARD THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL HEADWORKS, DOWNSTREAM LOOKING TOWARD THE EAST. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

414

1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF LITTLE FALLS DAM POWERPLANT AND NORTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. CONTEXTUAL VIEW OF LITTLE FALLS DAM POWERPLANT AND NORTHWEST END OF LITTLE FALLS TIE LINE. LOOKING WEST - Little Falls Tie Line Towers, Near Little Dam Falls on Spokane River, Wellpinit, Stevens County, WA

415

108. MURTAUGH LAKE HEADGATES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

108. MURTAUGH LAKE HEADGATES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; OVERALL VIEW SOUTH. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

416

100. MURTAUGH LAKE HEADGATES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

100. MURTAUGH LAKE HEADGATES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; SOUTH VIEW OF HEADGATES. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

417

107. MURTAUGH LAKE, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

107. MURTAUGH LAKE, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO; WEST VIEW OF LAKE. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

418

1. Photocopy of a photographca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of a photograph--ca. 1920 VIEW OF AMERICAN FALLS PRIOR TO CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS - American Falls Water, Power & Light Company, Island Power Plant, Snake River, below American Falls Dam, American Falls, Power County, ID

419

The efficacy beliefs of preservice science teachers in professional development school and traditional school settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers' efficacy beliefs have been shown to correlate positively with to the successful implementation of science reform measures (National Research Council, 1996) and are context specific (Koul & Rubba, 1999). Studies on teacher efficacy in specific contexts have been conducted including the availability of resources and parent support (Tschannen-Moran & Hoy, 2002), classroom management (Emmer & Hickman, 1990; Raudenbush, Rowen, & Cheong, 1992); and institutional climate and behavior of the principal (Hoy & Woolfolk, 1993). The purpose of this study was to compare the science teaching efficacy beliefs of teacher interns prepared in professional development schools with those of student teachers prepared in traditional school settings. Other variables examined included academic level, academic major, and area of science concentration. Preservice science teacher efficacy beliefs were measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument for Preservice Science Teachers, STEBI Form B (Enoch & Riggs, 1990) with demographic information being collected by an accompanying questionnaire. Analyses included scoring the surveys on two scales, Personal Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Scale and the Outcome Expectancy Scale, calculating descriptive statistics, as well as performing MANOVAS and correlations. Results indicate that preservice science teachers working in professional development schools exhibit higher personal science teaching efficacy beliefs. This finding corroborates previous studies on the efficacy beliefs of preservice teachers working in PDS schools (Long, 1996; Sandholtz & Dadlez, 2000). Results also show a strong correlation between the personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and the setting where student teaching takes place. In addition, significant differences were found in the personal science teaching efficacy beliefs between elementary education majors and science majors, science education majors, and secondary education majors. Findings of the study have implications for the design of preservice science teacher clinical experiences including providing longer, organized clinical experiences and preferential selection of preservice science teachers for PDS practicum assignments.

Newsome, Demetria Lynn

420

Collective efficacy and depressive symptoms in Brazilian elderly.  

PubMed

The objective was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and collective efficacy among the elderly in a municipality in southern Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based design was carried out. Structured interviews were held at the homes of 1007 elderly individuals. The presence of depressive symptoms was measured using the Geriatric Depression Scale, exposures were a standard 8-item collective efficacy scale and a single item about elderly participation in groups. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression to obtain the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs). The sample consisted mostly of female (63%), white (96%) and married (64%) elderly individuals. The mean age, income and educational level were, respectively: 73 years (SD=4), R$ 1836 (SD=2170) and 5 years of education (SD=4). After controlling for demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and health-related variables, participants who reported low collective efficacy at the places where they lived presented a prevalence of depressive symptoms that was twice as high as the prevalence among those who reported high collective efficacy. In the same way, elderly individuals who did not participate in groups presented prevalence of the outcome around 64% higher than among those who took part in one or more groups. The study suggests that creation of and participation in social networks and community groups may be an important strategy for promoting mental health among the elderly. PMID:25183439

Quatrin, Louise Bertoldo; Galli, Rosangela; Moriguchi, Emilio Hideyuki; Gastal, Fábio Leite; Pattussi, Marcos Pascoal

2014-01-01

421

Falls in People with Multiple Sclerosis Compared with Falls in Healthy Controls  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare the risk, circumstances, consequences and causes of prospectively recorded falls between people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and healthy controls of similar age and gender. Methods 58 PwMS and 58 healthy controls, who are community-dwelling, were recruited in this 6-month prospective cohort study. 90% of PwMS and 84% of healthy controls completed the study. Participants counted falls prospectively using fall calendars and noted fall location, fall-related injuries, and the cause of the falls. Kaplan Meier survival analysis and log-rank tests were performed to compare the distributions of survival without falling between PwMS and healthy controls. Results 40.8% of controls and 71.2% of PwMS fell at least once. 48.1% of PwMS and 18.4% of healthy controls fell at least twice. 42.3% of PwMS and 20.4% of health controls sustained a fall-related injury. After adjusting for age and gender, the time to first fall (HR: 1.87, p?=?0.033) and the time to recurrent falls (HR: 2.87, p?=?0.0082) were significantly different between PwMS and healthy controls. PwMS reported an almost equal number of falls inside and outside, 86% of the falls in healthy controls were outside. Healthy controls were more likely to fall due to slipping on a slippery surface (39.5% vs 10.4%). PwMS more often attributed falls to distraction (31% vs 7%) and uniquely attributed falls to fatigue or heat. Conclusions Fall risk, circumstances, consequences, and causes are different for PwMS than for healthy people of the same age and gender. PwMS fall more, are more likely to be injured by a fall, and often fall indoors. PwMS, but not healthy controls, frequently fall because they are distracted, fatigued or hot. PMID:25254633

Mazumder, Rajarshi; Murchison, Charles; Bourdette, Dennis; Cameron, Michelle

2014-01-01

422

77 FR 21761 - Alice Falls Corporation, Alice Falls Hydro, LLC; Notice of Application for Transfer of License...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 5867-051] Alice Falls Corporation, Alice Falls Hydro, LLC; Notice of Application for Transfer...Motions To Intervene On February 23, 2012, Alice Falls Corporation (transferor) and Alice Falls...

2012-04-11

423

180. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. E. Pettygro, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

180. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. E. Pettygro, Photographer, date unknown. BLASTING TWIN FALLS CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY; BLASTING COTTONWOOD AREA TO REPLACE FLUME BY RUNNING HIGH LINE THROUGH SOLID ROCK. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

424

150. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

150. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Surveyor's Book #363, Page 42, entitled, 'Diversion Tunnels', located in Twin Falls Canal Company office, Twin Falls, Idaho). PLAN OF DIVERSION TUNNELS, MILNER DAM. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

425

Fellows Celebrated at Fall Meeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2014 class of AGU Union Fellows will be recognized during the Honors Tribute at the AGU Fall Meeting, to be held in San Francisco, Calif. The newly elected class will be presented by president-elect Margaret Leinen during the Honors Ceremony on Wednesday, 17 December 2014. A brief statement of the achievements for which each of the 62 Fellows have been elected is provided below.

Anonymous

2014-11-01

426

FALL CONCENTRATIONS OF BUTEOS NEAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTICT.--Since 1974, we have counted raptors at Henry's Lake, Idaho, just south of the continental divide. Counts were made in late summer and early fall. Three species, red-tailed hawk (Buteojamaicensis), ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis), and Swainson's hawks (Buteo swainsoni) were the most plentiful. None of these hawks showed any strong increasing or decreasing trend in numbers over the 20-yr survey

ARNOLD T. GERSTELL; CHARLES H. TROST

427

Ejs Free Fall Cartesian Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ejs Free Fall Cartesian model displays the dynamics of a ball dropped near the surface of Earth onto a platform. The initial conditions for the ball are an initial positive velocity in the x direction and zero initial velocity in the y direction. The coefficient of restitution for the ballâs collision with the platform is less than one. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs Free Fall Cartesian model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_newton_FreeFallCartesian.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for Newtonian mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-06-03

428

Free Fall 3D Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ejs Free Fall 3D model displays the three-dimensional dynamics of a ball dropped near the surface of Earth onto a platform. The initial conditions for the ball are zero initial velocities in the x, y, and z directions. The coefficient of restitution for the ballâs collision with the platform is less than one. The initial height of the ball can be changed by dragging it when the simulation is paused. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs Free Fall 3D model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_newton_FreeFall3D.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for Newtonian mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-06-03

429

Prediction of Falls and/or Near Falls in People with Mild Parkinson’s Disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine factors associated with future falls and/or near falls in people with mild PD. Methods The study included 141 participants with PD. Mean (SD) age and PD-duration were 68 (9.7) and 4 years (3.9), respectively. Their median (q1–q3) UPDRS III score was 13 (8-18). Those >80 years of age, requiring support in standing or unable to understand instructions were excluded. Self-administered questionnaires targeted freezing of gait, turning hesitations, walking difficulties in daily life, fatigue, fear of falling, independence in activities of daily living, dyskinesia, demographics, falls/near falls history, balance problems while dual tasking and pain. Clinical assessments addressed functional balance performance, retropulsion, comfortable gait speed, motor symptoms and cognition. All falls and near falls were subsequently registered in a diary during a six-month period. Risk factors for prospective falls and/or near falls were determined using logistic regression. Results Sixty-three participants (45%) experienced ?1 fall and/or near fall. Three factors were independent predictors of falls and/or near falls: fear of falling (OR = 1.032, p<0.001) history of near falls (OR = 3.475, p = 0.009) and retropulsion (OR = 2.813, p = 0.035). The strongest contributing factor was fear of falling, followed by a history of near falls and retropulsion. Conclusions Fear of falling seems to be an important issue to address already in mild PD as well as asking about prior near falls. PMID:25635687

Lindholm, Beata; Hagell, Peter; Hansson, Oskar; Nilsson, Maria H.

2015-01-01

430

The Effect of Prior Experience with Computers, Statistical Self-Efficacy, and Computer Anxiety on Students' Achievement in an Introductory Statistics Course: A Partial Least Squares Path Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Partial Least Squares Path Analysis technique was used to test the effect of students' prior experience with computers, statistical self-efficacy, and computer anxiety on their achievement in an introductory statistics course. Computer Anxiety Rating Scale and Current Statistics Self-Efficacy Scale were administered to a sample of 64 first-year…

Abd-El-Fattah, Sabry M.

2005-01-01

431

Development of new physical activity and sedentary behavior change self-efficacy questionnaires using item response modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Theoretically, increased levels of physical activity self-efficacy (PASE) should lead to increased physical activity, but few studies have reported this effect among youth. This failure may be at least partially attributable to measurement limitations. In this study, Item Response Modeling (IRM) was used to develop new physical activity and sedentary behavior change self-efficacy scales. The validity of the new

Russell Jago; Tom Baranowski; Kathy Watson; Christine Bachman; Janice C Baranowski; Debbe Thompson; Arthur E Hernández; Elizabeth Venditti; Tara Blackshear; Esther Moe

2009-01-01

432

Turkish Pre-Service Science and Mathematics Teachers' Computer Related Self-Efficacies, Attitudes, and the Relationship between These Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish pre-service science and mathematics teachers' computer self-efficacies (CSEs) and computer attitude (CA) considering gender, year in program, and computer ownership as independent variables. Additionally the study aimed to examine the relationship between CSE and CA. Computer Self-efficacy Scale

Pamuk, Savas; Peker, Deniz

2009-01-01

433

Pre-Service Science and Technology Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs about Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Usage and Material Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a scale entitled "Information and Communication Technologies Usage and Material Design Efficacy [ICT_MDE]" is developed to investigate pre-service science and technology teachers' efficacy beliefs regarding ICT usage and Material Design and the factors impacting these beliefs. By using the validity and reliability data from 310…

Bursal, Murat; Yigit, Nevzat

2012-01-01

434

Self-efficacy and social support in African Americans diagnosed with end stage renal disease.  

PubMed

The purpose of this descriptive study was to measure levels of self-efficacy and social support beliefs in African Americans diagnosed with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Eighty-five African Americans, age 20 to 86 years old, participated in the study. Forty were males and 45 were females. The General Self-Efficacy Scale was used to determine the overall self-efficacy level of the participants, and the Personal Resource Questionnaire was used to assess perceived social support One sample t-tests revealed that self-efficacy and social support levels were high in African Americans with ESRD. High levels of self-efficacy and social support have the potential to improve health outcomes. PMID:21462795

Wells, Janie R; Anderson, Staci T

2011-01-01

435

Precision Efficacy Analysis for Regression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When multiple linear regression is used to develop a prediction model, sample size must be large enough to ensure stable coefficients. If the derivation sample size is inadequate, the model may not predict well for future subjects. The precision efficacy analysis for regression (PEAR) method uses a cross- validity approach to select sample sizes…

Brooks, Gordon P.

436

Vaccine Efficacy and Affinity Maturation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose macroscopic equations to describe variable vaccine efficacy between repeated vaccinee and first time vaccinee. The main ingredients are antigenic distance between epidemic strain and vaccne strain, and affinity maturation dynamics which differs in primary and second response. Increase of affinity by repeated vaccine leads to localization in immune space. This localization decreases the ability of the immune system

Hayoun Lee; Michael W. Deem

2002-01-01

437

Teacher Efficacy in Rural Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to address contextual variables, such as cultural bias and cultural norms, is a common challenge for researchers in international education. This article highlights societal conditions and cultural issues that could have impacted teacher efficacy data in Zimbabwe, a country known for its ongoing economic crisis, political repression, and…

Dunham, Judy K.; Song'ony, Daniel

2008-01-01

438

The Efficacy of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical evidence supports the efficacy of psychodynamic therapy. Effect sizes for psychodynamic therapy are as large as those reported for other therapies that have been actively promoted as "empirically supported" and "evidence based." In addition, patients who receive psychodynamic therapy maintain therapeutic gains and appear to continue to…

Shedler, Jonathan

2010-01-01

439

Concurrent Validity between Teacher Efficacy and Perceptions of Response to Intervention Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined concurrent validity between the Teacher Efficacy Beliefs and Behaviors Scale-TEBBS (Nunn, 1998) with the Indicators of RtI Effectiveness Scale-IRES (Nunn, 1999). A total of 429, K-12 educators participating in a statewide RtI initiative were respondents. Pearson Product-Moment correlations indicated significant relationships…

Nunn, Gerald D.; Jantz, Paul B.; Butikofer, Cynthia

2009-01-01

440

Development of an Instrument for Measuring Self-Efficacy in Cell Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of a ten-item scale to assess biology majors' self-efficacy towards the critical thinking and data analysis skills taught in an upper-division cell biology course. The original seven-item scale was expanded to include three additional items based on the results of item analysis. Evidence of reliability and…

Reeve, Suzanne; Kitchen, Elizabeth; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Bell, John D.; Bradshaw, William S.

2011-01-01

441

From Fall to Spring, or Spring to Fall? Seasonal Cholera Transmission Cycles and Implications for Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cholera remains a major public health threat in many developing countries around the world. The striking seasonality and the annual recurrence of this infectious disease in endemic areas continues to be of considerable interest to scientists and public health workers. Despite major advances in the ecological, and microbiological understanding of Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent, the role of underlying macro-scale hydroclimatic processes in propagating the disease in different seasons and years is not well understood. The incidence of cholera in the Bengal Delta region, the ‘native homeland’ of cholera, shows distinct biannual peaks in the southern floodplains, as opposed to single annual peaks in coastal areas and the northern parts of Bangladesh, as well as other cholera-endemic regions in the world. A coupled analysis of the regional hydroclimate and cholera incidence reveals a strong association of the spatio-temporal variability of incidence peaks with seasonal processes and extreme events. At a seasonal scale, the cycles indicate a spring-fall transmission pattern, contrary to the prevalent notion of a fall-spring transmission cycle. We show that the asymmetric seasonal hydroclimatology affects regional cholera dynamics by providing a coastal growth environment for bacteria in spring, while propagating transmission to fall by flooding. This seasonal interpretation of the progression of cholera has important implications, for formulating effective cholera intervention and mitigation efforts through improved water management and understanding the impacts of changing climate patterns on seasonal cholera transmission. (Water Environental Research Education Actionable Solutions Network)

Akanda, A. S.; Jutla, A. S.; Huq, A.; Colwell, R.; Islam, S.; WE Reason

2010-12-01

442

Studying a free fall experiment using short sequences of images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss a new alternative for obtaining position and time coordinates from a video of a free fall experiment. In our approach, after converting the video to a short sequence of images, the images are analyzed using a web page application developed by the author. The main advantage of the setup explained in this work, is that it is simple to use, no software license fees are necessary, and can be scaled-up to be used by a big number of students in introductory physics courses. The steps involved in the full analysis of a falling object are: we grab a short digital video of the experiment and convert it to a sequence of images, then, using a web page that includes all the necessary javascript, the student can easily click on the object of interest to obtain the (x,y,t) coordinates, finally, the student analyze motion using a spreadsheet.

Vera, Francisco; Romanque, Cristian

2008-11-01

443

Design of a high precision falling-ball viscometer  

SciTech Connect

The increase in uncertainty throughout the viscosity scale being the principal disadvantage of capillary viscometry, an absolute falling-ball viscometer has been developed, making it possible to cover a wide range of viscosities while keeping a weak uncertainty. The measurement of viscosity of a liquid then rests on the terminal velocity measurement of a falling ball, corrected by the principal identified effects (edge effects, inertial effects, etc.). An experimental bench was developed in order to reach a relative uncertainty of the order of 10{sup -3} to the measure of viscosity. The bench, by the use of a linear camera, allows us to observe the trajectory and to obtain the variations in velocity of the ball inside a cylindrical tube filled with liquid whose viscosity is to be measured.

Brizard, M.; Megharfi, M.; Mahe, E.; Verdier, C. [Laboratoire National d'Essais (BNM-LNE), 1 Rue Gaston Boissier, 75015 Paris Cedex 15 (France); Laboratoire de Spectrometrie Physique (UMR5588, UJF-CNRS), 140 Avenue de la Physique BP 87, 38402 St Martin d'Heres Cedex (France)

2005-02-01

444

Italian youth subculture: collection, self-esteem, and self-efficacy.  

PubMed

63 young people (M age=23.9 yr., SD=2.4, 50 men, 13 women) belonging to four subculture groups (New American Punk, Cyberpunk, Trash Style, and Rasta-Hippy) were studied to examine the relationship between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and the development of a body modification collection. A survey was created to evaluate quality of life, risk behaviour, and body modification. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. Belonging to a group which permits neglect of standard norms of communal life makes it possible to avoid facing up to low self-esteem. Adherence to a group appears, from the results of this study, to be correlated with self-efficacy; inability to cope with life situations suggests a state of malaise in these young people. PMID:15587221

Pravettoni, Gabriella; Miglioretti, Massimo

2004-10-01

445

Fall Incidence as the Primary Outcome in Multiple Sclerosis Falls-Prevention Trials  

PubMed Central

The aim of this article is to provide recommendations on behalf of the International MS Falls Prevention Research Network (IMSFPRN) for the primary outcome measure for multiple sclerosis (MS) falls-prevention interventions. The article will consider the definition of a fall, methods of measuring falls, and the elements of falls that should be recorded, as well as how these elements should be presented and analyzed. While this information can be used to inform the content of falls-prevention programs, the primary aim of the article is to make recommendations on how the outcome of these programs should be captured.

Sosnoff, Jacob J.; Gunn, Hilary

2014-01-01

446

Falls  

MedlinePLUS

... Head injuries that cause confusion or loss of consciousness or that cause sleepiness, dizziness, balance problems, nausea ... appears to recover spontaneously. Confusion or loss of consciousness is the first symptom of a concussion. During ...

447

Self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and diabetes self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.  

PubMed

The goal of this research was to develop and evaluate measures of adolescent diabetes management self-efficacy and outcome expectations that reflect developmentally relevant, situation-specific challenges to current diabetes regimens. Self-efficacy for diabetes management, expected outcomes of adherence, adherence to the diabetes regimen, and glycemic control were assessed in 168 adolescents (ages 10-16 years) with type 1 diabetes. Factor analyses indicated a single scale for self-efficacy and two distinct factors representing positive and negative outcome expectations. Reliability and predictive validity of the new scales were supported. In regression analyses, self-efficacy and the interaction of self-efficacy with expectations of positive outcomes were significantly associated with diabetes self-management adherence and glycemic control in older adolescents. The effect of self-efficacy was greatest when adolescents had stronger beliefs in the beneficial outcomes of adherence. These brief measures can be used to identify youths at risk of poor diabetes self-management. Interventions targeting self-efficacy may lead to improved diabetes self-management. PMID:16682872

Iannotti, Ronald J; Schneider, Stefan; Nansel, Tonja R; Haynie, Denise L; Plotnick, Leslie P; Clark, Loretta M; Sobel, Douglas O; Simons-Morton, Bruce

2006-04-01

448

Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Third-Year Pharmacy Students  

PubMed Central

Objective. To identify the experiential and demographic factors affecting the self-efficacy and self-esteem of third-year pharmacy (P3) students. Methods. A 25-item survey that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale, as well as types and length of pharmacy practice experiences and demographic information was administered to doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students from 5 schools of pharmacy in New England at the completion of their P3 year. Results. The survey response rate was approximately 50% of the total target population (399/820). Students with a grade point average (GPA)?3.0 demonstrated a higher significant effect from unpaid introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) on their self-efficacy scores (p<0.05) compared to students with lower GPAs. Students who had completed more than the required amount of pharmacy experiences had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem (p<0.05). Ethnicity also was related to students’ levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Conclusion. Self-efficacy and self-esteem are two important factors in pharmacy practice. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should ensure that students complete enough practice experiences, beyond the minimum of 300 IPPE hours, as one way to improve their self-efficacy and self-esteem. PMID:25258439

2014-01-01

449

Perceived Competence: A Common Core for Self-Efficacy and Self-Concept?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Bandura's Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self-Efficacy (MSPSE; Bandura, 1990) and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA; Harter, 1988) to examine the extent to which self-efficacy and competency-related elements of the self-concept are independent constructs. Factor analysis of data provided by 778 high school students revealed that when measured using domain-general measures such as the MSPSE and SPPA,

Amanda Hughes; David Galbraith; David White

2011-01-01

450

Possible effects of professional development on Turkish teachers’ self?efficacy and classroom practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a professional development (PD) program on teacher self?efficacy and classroom practice. Thirty?eight in?service teachers from a foundation school in Izmir participated in this study. Multiple sets of data for this study came from the Turkish teachers’ sense of efficacy scale, classroom observations, focus group interviews and a PD evaluation

Nilay T. Bümen

2009-01-01

451

Singapore High School Students' Creativity Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Singapore education adopted nurturing creativity and developing creativity efficacy among their students and children. This study investigated Singapore high school students' creativity efficacy based on the contemporary model of creativity (Amabile, 1983, 1996), self efficacy (Bandura, 1989, 1997) and inclusion education. Aims:…

Tan, Ai-Girl; Ho, Valerie; Yong, Lim-Chyi

2007-01-01

452

Promoting Self-Efficacy in Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have linked self-efficacy to a wide array of outcomes including psychological adjustment, resilience, physical health, achievement, and self-regulation, among others. In this article, the author describes self-efficacy and the factors that contribute to it, highlights the positive outcomes that self-efficacy leads to, and provides…

Reivich, Karen

2010-01-01

453

Teacher efficacy: capturing an elusive construct  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher efficacy has proved to be powerfully related to many meaningful educational outcomes such as teachers’ persistence, enthusiasm, commitment and instructional behavior, as well as student outcomes such as achievement, motivation, and self-efficacy beliefs. However, persistent measurement problems have plagued those who have sought to study teacher efficacy. We review many of the major measures that have been used to

Megan Tschannen-Moran; Anita Woolfolk Hoy

2001-01-01

454

Detecting Falling Snow from Space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There is an increased interest in detecting and estimating the amount of falling snow reaching the Earth's surface in order to fully capture the atmospheric water cycle. An initial step toward global spaceborne falling snow algorithms includes determining the thresholds of detection for various active and passive sensor channel configurations, snow event cloud structures and microphysics, snowflake particle electromagnetic properties, and surface types. In this work, cloud resolving model simulations of a lake effect and synoptic snow event were used to determine the minimum amount of snow (threshold) that could be detected by the following instruments: the W -band radar of CloudSat, Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) Ku and Ka band, and the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) channels from 10 to 183 plus or minus 7 GHz. Eleven different snowflake shapes were used to compute radar reflectivities and passive brightness temperatures. Notable results include: (1) the W-Band radar has detection thresholds more than an order of magnitude lower than the future GPM sensors, (2) the cloud structure macrophysics influences the thresholds of detection for passive channels, (3) the snowflake microphysics plays a large role in the detection threshold for active and passive instruments, (4) with reasonable assumptions, "the passive 166 GHz channel has detection threshold values comparable to the GPM DPR Ku and Ka band radars with approximately 0.05 g per cubic meter detected at the surface, or an approximately 0.5-1 millimeter per hr. melted snow rate (equivalent to 0.5-2 centimeters per hr. solid fluffy snowflake rate). With detection levels of falling snow known, we can focus current and future retrieval efforts on detectable storms and concentrate advances on achievable results. We will also have an understanding of the light snowfall events missed by the sensors and not captured in the global estimates.

Jackson, Gail Skofronick; Johnson, Ben; Munchak, Joe

2012-01-01

455

IDENTIFYING ROOF FALL PREDICTORS USING FUZZY CLASSIFICATION  

SciTech Connect

Microseismic monitoring involves placing geophones on the rock surfaces of a mine to record seismic activity. Classification of microseismic mine data can be used to predict seismic events in a mine to mitigate mining hazards, such as roof falls, where properly bolting and bracing the roof is often an insufficient method of preventing weak roofs from destabilizing. In this study, six months of recorded acoustic waveforms from microseismic monitoring in a Pennsylvania limestone mine were analyzed using classification techniques to predict roof falls. Fuzzy classification using features selected for computational ease was applied on the mine data. Both large roof fall events could be predicted using a Roof Fall Index (RFI) metric calculated from the results of the fuzzy classification. RFI was successfully used to resolve the two significant roof fall events and predicted both events by at least 15 hours before visual signs of the roof falls were evident.

Bertoncini, C. A.; Hinders, M. K. [NDE Lab, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, 23187-8795 (United States)

2010-02-22

456

Pascal's triangle Math 40210, Fall 2012  

E-print Network

Pascal's triangle Math 40210, Fall 2012 October 25, 2012 Math 40210 (Fall 2012) Pascal's triangle October 25, 2012 1 / 21 #12;Pascal's triangle - symbolic 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 2 1 2 2 3 0 3 1 3 2 3 3 4 0 4 1 4 1 8 2 8 3 8 4 8 5 8 6 8 7 8 8 . . . Math 40210 (Fall 2012) Pascal's triangle October 25, 2012 2 / 21

Galvin, David

457

WFU Physics Demo Video: Simultaneous Fall Apparatus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video demonstrates two balls being dropped simultaneously. One is given a horizontal velocity while the other simply falls. The experiment shows that only the vertical component determines the fall time, hence they fall with the same acceleration and simultaneously impact the table or the ground. This video may be viewed in steps, which is recommended for close examination of the process. This item is part of a collection of lecture demonstration videos compiled by the physics department at Wake Forest University.

G. Eric Matthews, Professor

2008-07-19

458

The Relation of Classroom Environment and School Belonging to Academic Self-Efficacy among Urban Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, 149 low-income, ethnically heterogeneous, fourth- and fifth-grade students completed self-report surveys in the fall and spring of 1 academic year. We examined classroom climate (satisfaction, cohesion, friction, task difficulty, and competition) and school belonging in relation to language arts and math and science self-efficacy,…

McMahon, Susan D.; Wernsman, Jamie; Rose, Dale S.

2009-01-01

459

Depressive symptoms increase fall risk in older people, independent of antidepressant use, and reduced executive and physical functioning.  

PubMed

Depressive symptoms and antidepressant use are associated with greater fall risk in older people. This prospective study investigated interactions between depressive symptoms, antidepressant use and physical and cognitive function measures in relation to injurious or multiple falls in a large sample of community-living older people. Four-hundred and eighty-eight community-dwelling older people aged 70 years and over, underwent a comprehensive psychological, cognitive and physiological assessment and were prospectively monitored for falls over a 12-month follow up period. Substantial depressive symptoms were defined by a Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) (15-item) score ?5 and fallers were defined as people who had at least one injurious or two non-injurious falls during follow-up. In univariate analyses, the presence of depressive symptoms (RR=1.50; 95% CI=1.06-2.11), antidepressant use (RR=1.56; 95% CI=1.08-2.27), high physiological fall risk (RR=1.61; 95% CI=1.20-2.15) and poorer executive functioning (RR=1.40; 95% CI=1.05-1.88) were significant risk factors for falls. Multivariate models revealed that depressive symptomatology and antidepressant use were independent of each other, and independent of the presence of a high physiological fall risk and poorer executive functioning in the prediction of falls. Fall risk increased with the number of risk factors present: i.e. by 55% in participants with any two risk factors (RR=1.55; 95% CI=1.17-2.04) and by 144% in participants with three or four risk factors (RR=2.44; 95% CI=1.75-3.43). The study findings indicate that higher depressive symptoms and antidepressant use predict falls over 12-months, independent of reduced executive and physical functioning. Treatment of depressive symptoms using non-pharmacological approaches should be considered as part of fall prevention programs, especially in populations at high risk of falls. PMID:25262556

Kvelde, Tasha; Lord, Stephen R; Close, Jacqueline C T; Reppermund, Simone; Kochan, Nicole A; Sachdev, Perminder; Brodaty, Henry; Delbaere, Kim

2015-01-01

460

Physical Insights Into the Scaling of At-Site Hydraulic Geometry and Scaling of Flood Peaks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dependencies between channel properties and river flows known for a long time as at-station hydraulic geometry (HG: power laws connecting discharge to stream geometry) have been recently shown to systematically vary with scale (contributing area), and a model based on the multiscaling framework has been proposed to statistically describe this scale-dependence (Dodov and Foufoula Georgiou, AGU Fall meeting 2002).

B. A. Dodov; E. Foufoula-Georgiou

2003-01-01

461

The Interrater Reliability of the Modified Gait Abnormality Rating Scale for Use with People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Researching falls in persons with ID is limited by difficulties in applying standardised balance outcome measures. The modified Gait Abnormality Rating Scale (GARS-M), developed to identify falls risk in older adults, requires only that the participant walks and thus may be a feasible falls research tool to use with people with ID. In…

Hale, Leigh; McIlraith, Lucy; Miller, Clare; Stanley-Clarke, Terri; George, Rebecca

2010-01-01

462

Efficacy and safety of perampanel in the subgroup of elderly patients included in the phase III epilepsy clinical trials.  

PubMed

Clinical data regarding use of antiepileptic drugs in the elderly are generally scarce. Therefore, a subanalysis of subjects aged ?65 years who participated in the 3 phase III perampanel studies was undertaken to determine efficacy and safety in these patients. Efficacy (change in seizure frequency/28 days and 50% responder rate) in the elderly subgroup was found to be consistent with the adult population. Adverse event rates were also largely similar, with some exceptions. Because risks of falls, dizziness, and fatigue were greater in the elderly, careful titration of perampanel in patients aged ?65 years is suggested, especially at higher doses, where balancing tolerability and clinical response is necessary. PMID:25616475

Leppik, Ilo E; Wechsler, Robert T; Williams, Betsy; Yang, Haichen; Zhou, Sharon; Laurenza, Antonio

2015-02-01

463

Exercise in preventing falls and fall related injuries in older people: a review of randomised controlled trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective—To assess the eVectiveness of exercise programmes in preventing falls (and\\/or lowering the risk of falls and fall related injuries) in older people. Design—A review of controlled clinical trials designed with the aim of lowering the risk of falling and\\/or fall injuries through an exercise only intervention or an intervention that included an exercise component Main outcome measures—Falls, fall re-

Melinda M Gardner; M Clare Robertson; A John Campbell

2000-01-01

464

Evaluating efficacy of an environmental policy to prevent biological invasions.  

PubMed

Enactment of any environmental policy should be followed by an evaluation of its efficacy to ensure optimal utilization of limited resources, yet measuring the success of these policies can be a challenging task owing to a dearth of data and confounding factors. We examine the efficacy of ballast water policies enacted to prevent biological invasions in the Laurentian Great Lakes. We utilize four criteria to assess the efficacy of this environmental regulation: (1) Is the prescribed management action demonstrably effective? (2) Is the management action effective under operational conditions? (3) Can compliance be achieved on a broad scale? (4) Are desired changes observed in the environment? The four lines of evidence resulting from this analysis indicate that the Great Lakes ballast water management program provides robust, but not complete, protection against ship-mediated biological invasions. Our analysis also indicates that corresponding inspection and enforcement efforts should be undertaken to ensure that environmental policies translate into increased environmental protection. Similar programs could be implemented immediately around the world to protect the biodiversity of the many freshwater ecosystems which receive ballast water discharges by international vessels. This general framework can be extended to evaluate efficacy of other environmental policies. PMID:21388172

Bailey, Sarah A; Deneau, Matthew G; Jean, Laurent; Wiley, Chris J; Leung, Brian; MacIsaac, Hugh J

2011-04-01

465

Vaccine Efficacy and Affinity Maturation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose macroscopic equations to describe variable vaccine efficacy between repeated vaccinee and first time vaccinee. The main ingredients are antigenic distance between epidemic strain and vaccne strain, and affinity maturation dynamics which differs in primary and second response. Increase of affinity by repeated vaccine leads to localization in immune space. This localization decreases the ability of the immune system to response to distant, but related epidemic strains.

Lee, Hayoun; Deem, Michael W.

2002-03-01

466

Disinfection efficacy of organic chloramines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The disinfection efficacies of model organic chloramines were investigated. Twenty amino acids and two nucleic acid bases were chlorinated separately with sodium hypochlorite at a Cl:N molar ratio of 0.4:1, and were then used to treat an E. coli suspension for 60min. DPD\\/FAS titration was carried out to obtain the concentration of the chlorinated nitrogenous organic compounds as a function

Martina M. Donnermair; Ernest R. Blatchley III

2003-01-01

467

Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Teaching: The Importance of Interpersonal-Relations Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the association between perceived self-efficacy and burnout among teachers. Self-efficacy has been defined operationally based on a three-dimensional conceptualization: task, relations and organization. Efficacy variables were three classroom efficacy factors: instruction (task), discipline control (task), and consideration (relations), and two organizational efficacy factors: inclusion (task) and influence (relations). Burnout was measured as both a three-dimensional measure comprised

Isaac A. Friedman

2003-01-01

468

Pre-service science teachers' teaching self-efficacy in relation to personality traits and academic self-regulation.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship among pre-service science teachers' personality traits, academic self-regulation and teaching self-efficacy by proposing and testing a conceptual model. For the specified purpose, 1794 pre-service science teachers participated in the study. The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale, the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were administered to assess pre-service science teachers' teaching self-efficacy, personality, and academic self-regulation respectively. Results showed that agreeableness, neuroticism, performance approach goals, and use of metacognitive strategies are positively linked to different dimensions of teaching self-efficacy, namely self-efficacy for student engagement, instructional strategies, and classroom management. In general, while agreeableness and neuroticism were found to be positively associated with different facets of self-regulation and teaching self-efficacy, openness was found to be negatively linked to these adaptive outcomes. PMID:23866205

Senler, Burcu; Sungur-Vural, Semra

2013-01-01

469

The Winchester falls project: a randomised controlled trial of secondary prevention of falls in older people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: the mortality and morbidity of falls in older people is significant, with recurrent fallers being at an increased risk. The most effective way to reduce falls in this group is not clear. Objective: to determine the effectiveness of two interventions, one based in primary care and the other in secondary care, at preventing further falls in recurrent fallers. Design:

CLAIRE L. SPICE; W ENDY MOROTTI; S TEVE GEORGE; T HOMAS H. S. DENT; JIM ROSE; HRISTOPHER J. GORDON

2009-01-01

470

Gavilan College Student Profile of Opening Enrollment, Fall 2000-Fall 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the student profile of opening enrollment for Gavilan College between Fall 2000 and Fall 2003. The document provides highlights of the data as well as tables and graphs that visually depict the data. Some of the highlights of the report are as follows: (1) Fall 2003 headcount is similar to Spring 2003 but with a slight…

Willett, Terrence

471

Fall Schedule This fall we have several great shows for you and your  

E-print Network

Fall Schedule This fall we have several great shows for you and your family to enjoy! Our fall (APOD) on August 24. Check their website daily to see more great space photos! Try to see the Zodiacal lights in the sky. The zodiacal light is a pyramid-shaped glow in the east before dawn (or after twilight

Huang, Haiying

472

Fall 1980 to Fall 1981 Enrollment Comparisons Based on First Census.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines trends in the personal and academic characteristics of the students enrolled at Bakersfield College (BC) and provides tables comparing fall 1980 and fall 1981 data. The report first presents summary enrollment data, revealing that fall enrollment in graded classes decreased by 10.1% between 1980 and 1981; that enrollment in…

Scott, Dave

473

151. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

151. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Surveyor's Transit Book #363, Page 20). SURVEY PRINT SHOWING POINT SPILLWAY AND FIELD NOTES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY NORTHWEST OF MURTAUGH, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

474

137. TWIN FALLS SOUTH SIDE MAIN CANAL DIVERSION HEADGATES, TWIN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

137. TWIN FALLS SOUTH SIDE MAIN CANAL DIVERSION HEADGATES, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; OVERALL VIEW OF MAIN HEADGATES, DAM IN BACKGROUND. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

475

194. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

194. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. PROFILE AND GATE PLAN, NORTH ISLAND CROSS SECTION OF DAM, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

476

195. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

195. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. PLAN OF CONSTRUCTION AREA PLANT, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

477

183. Photocopy of map (Twin Falls Canal Company). TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

183. Photocopy of map (Twin Falls Canal Company). TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF MILNER DAM SITE, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; MAP, LEFT SIDE ONLY. CROSS REFERENCE: ID-15-192. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

478

193. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

193. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. MILNER DAM PROFILE, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

479

187. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

187. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF MILNER DAM LOCATION, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT MAP. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

480

185. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

185. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. MILNER DAM CROSS SECTION PLAN, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

481

157. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

157. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Field Book #360, Page 75, entitled, 'Clay-Seam Cut-Off.' Cross-Reference: ID-15-153). MILNER DAM SURVEY, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

482

155. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

155. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Surveyor's Transit Book #405T, Page 1, #46 Division One). STATEMENT RE: SURVEY ALIGNMENT 3/03, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

483

186. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

186. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. DRY CREEK RESERVOIR, CASSIA COUNTY (NOW TWIN FALLS COUNTY); MAP. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

484

158. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

158. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Transit Book #404T, Page 3, #46, Division One). START OF MAIN CANAL SURVEY, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

485

189. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

189. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ROCK CREEK CROSSING, LOW LINE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

486

191. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

191. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. SPILLWAY GATES, MILNER DAM, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

487

177. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, Bisbee Photo, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

177. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, Bisbee Photo, September, 1912. Photographer unknown. COTTONWOOD FLUME, HIGH LINE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, SOUTH OF KIMBERLY, IDAHO; SOUTH VIEW FROM UPPER SIDE. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

488

153. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

153. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Field Book #360, Page 74, entitled, 'Clay-Seam Cut-Off.' Cross-Reference: ID-15-157). MILNER DAM SURVEY, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

489

190. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

190. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. GENERAL PLAN OF MILNER DAM TUNNELS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; BLUEPRINT. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

490

152. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

152. Photocopy of drawing (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Surveyor's Transit Book #363, Page 1). 1912 CONDITION REPORT OF MILNER DAM AREA, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

491

178. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. C. R. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

178. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. C. R. Savage, Photographer, March, 1905. FIRST FULL WATER OVER MILNER DAM, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; SOUTHWEST VIEW OF SPILLWAY GATES. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

492

154. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

154. Photocopy of transit book (taken from Twin Falls Canal Company Surveyor's Transit Book #405T, Page 2, #46 Division One). STATEMENT OF SIGHT-SETTING FOR 1903 SURVEY TO ALIGN SOUTH SIDE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

493

181. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. Photographer and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

181. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. Photographer and date unknown. POINT SPILL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY; SOUTH VIEW. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

494

192. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

192. Photocopy of drawing, Twin Falls Canal Company, date unknown. TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP (DAM DRAWN IN), MILNER SITE, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; RIGHT SIDE OF MAP (LEFT ON ID-15-183). - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

495

182. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. Photographer and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

182. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company. Photographer and date unknown. MILNER DAM TUNNELS, TWIN FALLS COUNTY, MILNER, IDAHO; APPROACH TO TUNNELS. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

496

179. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, Bisbee Photo, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

179. Photocopy of Photograph, Twin Falls Canal Company, Bisbee Photo, September, 1912. Photographer unknown. VIEW OF LOW LINE CANAL, TWIN FALLS COUNTY; VIEW OF LOW LINE CANAL IN PETE LINK'S FIELD. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

497

CE447fall01 The Pennsylvania State University  

E-print Network

CE447fall01 The Pennsylvania State University CE 447 ­ Matrix Structural Analysis Fall Semester447fall01 The Pennsylvania State University CE 447 ­ Matrix Structural Analysis Fall Semester 2001 · Assembly of Structure Stiffness · Analysis Procedure #12;CE447fall01 The Pennsylvania State University CE

498

FALL 2014 TRIPS SEPT. 6 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH  

E-print Network

FALL 2014 TRIPS SEPTEMBER SEPT. 6 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH Cummins Falls and Burgess Falls State Park is the newest in Tennessee's great State Park system. We will hike through the woods and along Falls and it has 3 large waterfalls on a 1.5 mile hike. The final fall is the tallest, and the hike

Bordenstein, Seth

499

FALL 2012 TRIPS SEPT. 8 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH  

E-print Network

FALL 2012 TRIPS SEPTEMBER SEPT. 8 (Saturday) HIKE & SPLASH Cummins Falls State Park & Burgess Falls State Park is the newest in Tennessee's great State Park system. We will do a short hike to a waterfall Falls and it has 3 large waterfalls on a 1.5 mile hike. The final fall is the tallest, and the hike

Bordenstein, Seth

500

Developing a comprehensive scale to assess college multicultural programming.  

PubMed

A barrier to assessing effectiveness of multicultural programming is lack of a relatively brief instrument to measure the wide range of intended outcomes. A frequent goal of programming is to increase cultural empathy, but this is rarely the only intended outcome. We conducted focus groups of campus administrators, student affairs staff, and undergraduate instructors who identified a full range of racial/ethnic multicultural competencies that undergraduates should possess. An 84-item pool generated from these focus groups was combined with the 31-item Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy (SEE; Wang et al., 2003). These 115 items, together with instruments used to gauge concurrent validity, were administered to White undergraduate students in introductory psychology courses at the midpoint (n = 602) and end (n = 676) of fall semester. Exploratory factor analysis suggested 6 subscales for the Everyday Multicultural Competencies/Revised SEE (EMC/RSEE): (a) Cultural Openness and Desire to Learn; (b) Resentment and Cultural Dominance; (c) Anxiety and Lack of Multicultural Self-Efficacy; (d) Empathic Perspective-Taking; (e) Awareness of Contemporary Racism and Privilege; and (f) Empathic Feeling and Acting as an Ally. Item response theory principles guided final selection of subscale items. Analyses suggested good factor stability, reliability, and discriminant validity of the 48-item EMC/RSEE in these undergraduate samples. EMC/RSEE subscales were not strongly correlated with a measure of impression management and were significantly associated with measures of Openness to Diversity Challenge, and Universal-Diverse Orientation. PMID:24447061

Mallinckrodt, Brent; Miles, Joseph R; Bhaskar, Tripti; Chery, Nicole; Choi, Gahee; Sung, Mi-Ra

2014-01-01